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General Print Sources | General Online Sources | Early Exploration | Building a New State
Growth of a New State | Civil War | Reconstruction & a Turbulent Era | Adapting to an Industrial Society
Industrial Kentucky



General Print Sources
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Campbell, Tracy. The Kentucky Adventure, student ed. Salt Lake City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 2007.

Clark, Thomas D. A History of Kentucky. Ashland, KY: Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1988 [1937].

Harrison, Lowell H., and James C. Klotter. A New History of Kentucky. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1997.

Kleber, John E., Thomas D. Clark, Lowell H. Harrison, and James C. Klotter, eds. The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1993.
Also available online at: http://www.kyenc.org/.

Klotter, James C., ed. Our Kentucky: A Study of the Bluegrass State, 2nd ed., student ed. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2000.

Klotter, James C., and Freda C. Klotter. Faces of Kentucky, student ed. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2006.

Kuster, Lewis Sylvia, and Barbara Donnell Hamilton. Kentucky: Land of Beauty and Wonder, student ed. Atlanta, GA: Clairmont Press, 2007.


General Online Sources
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Jones, Reinette, and University of Kentucky Libraries. "Notable Kentucky African Americans Database." http://www.uky.edu/Libraries/nkaa/index.php (accessed June 2010).

"Kentucky Atlas & Gazetteer." http://www.uky.edu/KentuckyAtlas/kentucky-atlas.html (accessed June 2010).

NETSTATE. "Kentucky, The Bluegrass State." http://www.netstate.com/states/intro/ky_intro.htm (accessed June 2010).


Additional Sources by Theme

→ Early Exploration (1750-1785) ←
Claiming Kentucky
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American Memory Project. "Encountering the First American West." Library of Congress. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award99/icuhtml/fawsp/fawsp.html (accessed October 13, 2008).

Cotterill, R.S. History of Pioneer Kentucky. Cincinnati: Johnson & Hardin, 1917.

Hammon, Neal O. Early Kentucky Land Records, 1773-1780. Louisville, KY: Filson Club, 1992.


Settling Paradise
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Belue, Ted Franklin. The Hunters of Kentucky: A Narrative History of America’s First Far West, 1750–1792. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2003.

Belue, Ted Franklin. The Long Hunt: Death of the Buffalo East of the Mississippi. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2003.

Clark, Thomas D., ed. The Voice of the Frontier: John Bradford’s Notes on Kentucky. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1993.

Eslinger, Ellen Running Mad for Kentucky: Frontier Travel Accounts. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2004.

Hammon, Neal O. Daniel Boone and the Defeat at Blue Licks. Minneapolis, MN: The Boone Society, 2005.

Hammon, Neal O., ed. My Father, Daniel Boone: The Draper Interviews with Nathan Boone. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1999.

Hammon, Neal O., and Richard Taylor. Virginia’s Western War, 1775–1786. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2002.

Mastin, Bettye Lee. Lexington 1779: Pioneer Kentucky as Described by Early Settlers. Lexington, KY: Lexington–Fayette County Historic Commission, 1979.

O’Malley, Nancy. "Frontier Defense and Pioneer Strategies in the Historic Settlement Era." In The Buzzel About Kentuck: Settling the Promised Land, ed. Craig Thompson Friend, pp. 57–76. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1999.

O’Malley, Nancy. "Stockading Up": A study of Pioneer Stations in the Inner Bluegrass Region of Kentucky. Archaeological Report 127. Lexington, KY: Department of Anthropology, University of Kentucky, 1987.

Perkins, Elizabeth A. Border Life: Experience and Memory in the Revolutionary Ohio Valley. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Watlington, Patricia. The Partisan Spirit: Kentucky Politics, 1779–1792. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1972.


→ Building A New State (1780-1800) ←
Road to Statehood (1780–1792)
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Aron, Stephen. How the West was Lost: The Transformation of Kentucky from Daniel Boone to Henry Clay. Baltimore: John S. Hopkins, 1996.

Bodley, Temple. History of Kentucky. Chicago–Louisville: S.J. Clarke, 1928.

Bodley, Temple. Our First Great West, in Revolutionary War, Diplomacy and Politics. Louisville, KY: J.P. Morgan & Co., 1938.

Bodley, Temple. Reprints of Littell’s Political transactions in and concerning Kentucky and Letter of George Nicholas to his friend in Virginia. [microform]. Louisville, KY: J.P. Morton, 1926.

Chinn, George Morgan. Kentucky Settlement and Statehood, 1750–1800. Frankfort, KY: Kentucky Historical Society, 1975.

Clark, Thomas D. Frontier America; The Story of the Westward Movement. New York: Scribner, 1959.

Clark, Thomas D. Kentucky, Land of Contrast. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.

Clark, Thomas D., ed. The Voice of the Frontier: John Bradford’s Notes on Kentucky. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1993.

Coleman, J. Winston. "John Bradford and the Kentucky Gazette," Filson Club Quarterly 34 (Jan. 1960), 24–34.

Green, Thomas M. The Spanish Conspiracy. Cincinnati: R. Clarke & Co., 1891.

Hadsell, Richard. "John Bradford and his Contributions to the Culture and the Life of Early Lexington and Kentucky," Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 62 (Oct. 1964), 265–277.

Whitaker, Arthur. The Spanish–American Frontier: 1783–1795. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1927.


Two Constitutions (1792–1800)
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Jillson, Willard Rouse. The First Printing in Kentucky: Some Account of Thomas Parvin and John Parvin and John Bradford and the Establishment of the Kentucky Gazette in Lexington in the year 1787, with a Bibliography of Seventy Titles. Louisville, KY: C.T. Dearing Printing Co., 1936.

Journal of the First Constitutional Convention of Kentucky, held in Danville, Kentucky, April 2 to 19, 1792. Lexington, KY: State Bar Association of Kentucky, 1942.

"Kentucky’s State Capitols." Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives. http://www.kdla.ky.gov/resources/kycapitol.htm (accessed October 13, 2008).

"Kentucky’s State Seal." Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives. http://www.kdla.ky.gov/resources/kyseal.htm (accessed October 13, 2008).

Young, Bennett H. History and texts of the three constitutions of Kentucky: with illustrative state history prefacing them and marginal notes showing all alterations in fundamental law... Louisville, KY: Courier-Journal Job Print. Co., 1890.


County to Commonwealth
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Harrison, Lowell H. Kentucky’s Road to Statehood. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1992.

Watkins, John F. "The Mix of Kentucky’s Population." In Atlas of Kentucky, eds. Richard Ulack, Karl Raitz, and Gyula Pauer. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1998.


→ Growth of a New State (1800-1860) ←
The Nation’s New Commonwealth
top of page

"African–American Residents." Decatur House on Lafayette Square. http://www.decaturhouse.org/history_african-american-residents.html (accessed June 29, 2010).

Boulware, Tyler. "Cherokee Indians." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 20 January 2009, http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-3539&sug=y (accessed July 22, 2009).

"Henry Clay." Ashland: The Henry Clay Estate. 2009, http://www.henryclay.org/henry-clay (accessed July 22, 2009).

Henson, Josiah. Autobiography of Josiah Henson: An Inspiration for Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 2003[1969].

"Jackson Purchase." Kentucky Land Office. http://apps.sos.ky.gov/land/nonmilitary/jacksonpurchase (accessed July 22, 2009).

Johnston, J. Stoddard. Kentucky–Tennessee Boundary Line. History of 36:30, the Boundary Line between Virginia and North Carolina and between Kentucky and Tennessee. Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 6, no. 18 (Sept. 1908), 25–35.

Kentucky Lewis & Clark Bicentennial Commission "Lewis and Clark in Kentucky." http://www.lewisandclarkinkentucky.org/index.html (accessed July 22, 2009).

Kinkead, Elizabeth Shelby. History of Kentucky. Cincinnati: American Book Co., 1896.

Price, Samuel Woodson. Old Masters of the Bluegrass: Jouett, Bush, Grimes, Frazer, Morgan Hart. Louisville, KY: J.P. Morton, 1902.


Economic Infancy
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Ellis, William E. The Kentucky River. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2003.

Hopkins, James F. A History of the Hemp Industry in Kentucky. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1998.

Thompson, Ed Porter. Kentucky’s First Railroad which was the First One West of the Allegheny Mountains." Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 1 (Jan. 1903), 18-25.


Antebellum Kentucky Character
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American Memory Project. "Encountering the First American West." Library of Congress. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award99/icuhtml/fawsp/fawsp.html (accessed October 13, 2008).

Coleman, J. Winston, Jr. The Springs of Kentucky: An Account of the Famed Watering-Places of the Bluegrass State, 1800-1935. Lexington, KY: Winburn Press, 1955.

Connelley, William, and E.M. Coulter. Vol. 1 of History of Kentucky. Edited by Charles Kerr. Chicago: American Historical Society, 1922.

Flahardy, Jason, Bill Marshall, and Dierdre Scaggs. Identification of 19th and Early 20th Century Photographic Processes. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Special Collections; School of Library & Information Sciences, 2006. [LIS 643 Photo CD].

"Kentucky’s State Song: My Old Kentucky Home." Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives. http://www.kdla.ky.gov/resources/kysong.htm (accessed October 13, 2008).

Ritzenthaler, Mary Lynn, and Diane Vogt-O’Connor. Photographs: Archival Care and Management. Chicago: Society of American Archivists, 2006.

"Stephen Bishop (cave explorer)." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Bishop_(cave_explorer) (accessed October 13, 2008).


→ Civil War (1860-1865) ←
Failed Neutrality
top of page

"Benjamin Hardin Helm." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Hardin_Helm (accessed April 2, 2009).

"Confederate government of Kentucky." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederate_government_of_Kentucky (accessed April 2, 2009).

Coulter, E. Merton. The Civil War and Readjustment in Kentucky. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1926.

"Fugitive Slave Law of 1850." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fugitive_Slave_Act (accessed April 2, 2009).

"Jefferson Davis." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jefferson_Davis (accessed April 2, 2009).


Fighting Kentucky
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"Kentucky Civil War Map of Battles." http://americancivilwar.com/statepic/kentucky.html (accessed October 13, 2008).

"Kentucky Civil War Vocabulary Words." KET. http://www.ket.org/civilwar/vocab.html (accessed October 13, 2008).

"Kentucky in the American Civil War." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kentucky_in_the_American_Civil_War (accessed October 13, 2008).

Speed, Thomas. The Union Cause in Kentucky, 1860-1865. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1907.

"Sue Mundy." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sue_Mundy (accessed October 13, 2008).

"Timeline of the Civil War in Kentucky." KET. http://www.ket.org/content/civilwar/timeline.html (accessed October 13, 2008).

Walden, Geoff, and Laura Cook. "First Kentucky Orphan Brigade — History." Rootsweb. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~orphanhm/history.htm (accessed October 13, 2008).


Communities at War
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Boeger, Palmer H. The Great Kentucky Hog Swindle of 1864. Journal of Southern History 28, no. 1 (Feb. 1962), 59–70.

Clark, Thomas Dionysius. Pleasant Hill in the Civil War. Pleasant Hill, KY: Pleasant Hill Press, 1972.

Harrison, Lowell H. The Civil War in Kentucky. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1975.

Irvin, Helen Deiss. Women in Kentucky. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1979.

McBride, W. Stephen. "More Than A Depot." Camp Nelson Restoration and Preservation Foundation. http://www.campnelson.org/history/historic.htm (accessed April 13, 2010).

McGill, Anna Blanche. The Sisters of Charity of Nazareth, Kentucky. New York: The Encyclopedia Press, 1917.

Neal, Julia. The Kentucky Shakers. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1977.

"The New Postage Stamp Currency." New York Times (July 20, 1862).

"Postage Stamps as Currency." New York Times (October 4, 1862).


→ Reconstruction & A Turbulent Era (1865-1900) ←
African–Americans & the Struggle for Equality
top of page

Bingham, Darrel E. On Jordan’s Banks: Emancipation and Its Aftermath in the Ohio Valley. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2006.

Lucas, Marion B. A History of Blacks in Kentucky: From Slavery to Segregation, 1760–1891, Vol. 1. Frankfort, KY: Kentucky Historical Society, 1992.

Wright, George C. A History of Blacks in Kentucky: In Pursuit of Equality, 1890–1980, Vol. 2. Frankfort, KY: Kentucky Historical Society, 1992.

Wright, George C. Racial Violence in Kentucky, 1865–1940: Lynchings, Mob Rule, and Legal Lynchings. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1990.


Social Stereotyping
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Billings, Dwight B., Gurney Norman, and Katherine Ledford, eds. Back Talk from Appalachia: Confronting Stereotypes. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2001 [1999].

Harkins, Anthony. Hillbilly: a Cultural History of an American Icon. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Hayes, Charles, ed. "Breathitt County Feuds, 1865-1912." http://www.breathittcounty.com/BreathittFeuds.html (accessed October 13, 2008).

Mutzenberg, Charles G. Kentucky’s Famous Feuds and Tragedies: Authentic History of the World Renowned Vendettas of the Dark and Bloody Ground. New York: R.F. Fenno & Co., 1917.


→ Adapting to an Industrial Society (1865-1920) ←
Industrialized Culture
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Fuller, Paul. Laura Clay and the Women’s Rights Movement. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1975.

Hay, Melba Porter. Madeline McDowell Breckinridge and the Battle for a New South. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2009.

Kleber, John, ed. The Encyclopedia of Louisville. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2001.

Klotter, James C., and Freda C. Klotter. A Concise History of Kentucky. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2008.

Klotter, James C. Kentucky: Portraits in Paradox, 1900-1950. Frankfort, KY: Kentucky Historical Society, 1996.

Niedermeier, Lynn. Eliza Calvert Hall. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2007.

Tapp, Hambleton, and James C. Klotter. Kentucky: Decades of Discord. Frankfort, KY: Kentucky Historical Society, 1977.

Tenkotte, Paul A., and James C. Claypool, eds. The Encyclopedia of Northern Kentucky. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2009.


Reform for the Ages
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Atwood, R.B.. "Financing Schools for Negro Children from State School Funds in Kentucky." Journal of Negro Education 8, no. 4 (Oct. 1939), 659–665.

Cornett, Judy Gail. "Angel for the Blind: The Public Triumphs and Private Tragedy of Linda Neville." PhD diss., University of Kentucky, 1993.

Higham, John. Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860–1925. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1955.

Whisnant, David E. All That is Native & Fine: The Politics of Culture in an American Region. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1983.


Merging Separate Spheres
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"Laura Clay: Early Kentucky Suffragist." Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives. http://www.kdla.ky.gov/resources/kylauraclay.htm (accessed October 13, 2008).

"National American Woman Suffrage Association." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_American_Woman_Suffrage_Association (accessed October 13, 2008).

"National Women’s History Museum." http://www.nmwh.org (accessed October 13, 2008).

"Women in Kentucky: Our legacy, Our future." Kentucky Commission on Women. http://www.womeninkentucky.com (accessed June 28, 2010).


→ Industrial Kentucky (1870-1970) ←
King Coal
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"Appalachian Research Files: CoalField History." In Anne and Harry M. Caudill Collection, 1854-1996. 91M2. Lexington, KY: Special Collection and Digital Programs, University of Kentucky Libraries.

Kentucky Coal Council. "Kentucky Coal Education." http://www.coaleducation.org (accessed October 13, 2008).

"Mayo, John Caldwell Calhoun." In Vol. 45 of The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 172-173. New York: J.T. White, 1962.

National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners. Harlan Miners Speak: Report on Terrorism in the Kentucky Coalfields. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Co., 1932.

Norris, Randall, and Jean-Philippe Cypres. Women of Coal. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1996.


Tobacco Traditions
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Campbell, Tracy. The Politics of Despair: Power and Resistance in the Tobacco Wars. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 2005.

Marshall, Suzanne. Violence in the Black Patch of Kentucky and Tennessee. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1994.

Simon, F. Kevin. The WPA Guide to Kentucky: A Guide to the Bluegrass State. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1996.

"Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)." In Encyclopedia of Folk Medicine: Old World and New World Traditions, by Gabrielle Hatfield, 344-345. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2004.


Bourbon Barons
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Alvey, R. Gerald. Kentucky Bluegrass Country. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1992.

Carson, Gerald. The social history of bourbon : an unhurried account of our star-spangled American drink. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1984.

Cowdery, Charles. "How Bourbon Whiskey Really Got Its Famous Name." The Bourbon Country Reader 3, no. 1 (July 1996).

Crowgey, Henry. Kentucky Bourbon The Early Years of Whiskeymaking. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 2008.

Ellison, Betty Boles. Illegal Odyssey: 200 Years of Kentucky Moonshine. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 2003.

In olde Kentucky...there is a spirit... Frankfort, KY: Kentucky Distillers’ Association, 1975.

Kleber, John E., ed. Encyclopedia of Louisville. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2001.

Sullivan, Jack. "Who the Heck Was Irvin S. Cobb?" Bottles and Extras 17, no. 3 (Summer 2006).

Urban, Raymond and Richard Mancke. "Federal Regulation of Whiskey Labelling: from the Repeal of Prohibition to the Present." Journal of Law and Economics 15, no. 2 (Oct. 1972): 411-426.

Veach, Michael R. "20th Century Distilling Papers at The Filson." The Filson Newsmagazine 7, no. 4. http://www.filsonhistorical.org/archive/news_v7n4_distilling.html (accessed July 22, 2009).


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