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History of the First regiment of the infantry, Kentucky national guard : from its organization in 1847 to the present day / comp. by W.R. Schwarz and J.T. Milligan for the Regimental council of administration, First regiment of infantry, Kentucky national guard.
History of the First regiment of the infantry, Kentucky national guard : from its organization in 1847 to the present day / comp. by W.R. Schwarz and J.T. Milligan for the Regimental council of administration, First regiment of infantry, Kentucky national guard. Schwarz, W. R. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2002 b92-132-29322892 Electronic reproduction. 2002. (Beyond the shelf, serving historic Kentuckiana through virtual access (IMLS LG-03-02-0012-02) ; These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. History of the First regiment of the infantry, Kentucky national guard : from its organization in 1847 to the present day / comp. by W.R. Schwarz and J.T. Milligan for the Regimental council of administration, First regiment of infantry, Kentucky national guard. Schwarz, W. R. Jobson, Louisville, Ky. : 1915. 94 p. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm. Coleman Microfilm. Atlanta, Ga. : SOLINET, 1993. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. (SOLINET/ASERL Cooperative Microfilming Project (NEH PS-20317) ; SOL MN03767.01 KUK) Printing Master B92-132. IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. United States. Army. Kentucky Infantry Regiment, 1st.Milligan, J. T. INDEX Foreword . .......................................................... Chapter I.-The War with Mexico ....................................... Chapter 1.-The Civil War ............................................ 12 Chapter III.-The Years of Peace ................... .................. 15 Nluster Roll of Louisville Legion, 1878 ..... ............................ 24 Chapter IV.-The Spanish-American War ............ ................... 28 Roster of the First Kentucky Infantry, U. S. '., ..................... 32 Chapter V.-The Goebel-Taylor Troubles ................................ 42 Chapter VI.-Service in Breathitt County. 4I Chapter V1I.-Reorganization and the New Armory ....... ............... 50 Chapter VIII.-The "Night Rider" Troubles .......... ................... 57 Chapter IX.-Other Changes, and the Regiment To-day .......... - ......... 64 The Annorv .............. ............................... 7O Sketch of Col. Morris B. Belknap . ...................................... 2 Sketch of Col. C. C. Mengel ........................................... 74 The First Regiment in Lexington . ...................................... 7a Sketch of Gen. William B. Haldeman ................ ................... 76 Appreciation......................................................... 77 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Mluster Roll of the First Company of the Louisville Legion ..... .......... 2 Col. Stephen Ormsby ............................................. 4 Gen. John B. Castleman ............................................. 11 Prize Battallion, Louisville Legion, 188 .................................. 16 The Legion in New York. 1888 ..................................... 20 First Field Service Camp, Middlesborough. 1890 ........... .............. 25 Col. Morris B. Belknap .............. ....................... 29 Col. C. C. Mengel ......... ............................ 43 The Armory ..................................... 51 Gen. William B. Haldeman . ..................................... aa Col. William A. Colston .................. ................... 59 Lieut. Col. Robt. J. McBryde, Jr ..................................... 63 Group of Officers, 1915 ............ ......................... 65 Group of Officers, 1915 . ..................................... 67 Group of Officers, 1915.. ..................................... 69 Gov. James B. 'McCreary; Brig. Gen. Roger Williams .70 Group of Officers, 1915................. 71 Group of Officers, 1915................. 73 - ------- HISTORY OF THE: FIRST REGIMENT OF INFANTRY KENTUCKY NATIONAL GUARD FROM ITS ORGANIZATION IN 1847 TO THE PRESENT DAY A tory of uit iorabtr i'rruire to Kniturky aun thw3 Nation (oitpiled bl W. R. SCHWARZ and J. T. MILLIGAN for THE REGIMENTAL COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION, FIRST REGIMENT OF INFANTRY, KENTUCKY NATIONAL GUARD IgI5 r . ., / / '' ' r.6S 45,w AAt 112. Era CA 6/dp 0644 4r I 1 41-' rg-. ",bf I. --,8g.e IIt , f ER Al , v- gp'f-K IZ ta U:f ,,J. X I' ..-6 Mustee Roll of the First Company of the Louisville Legion. which enlisted for service in the Mexican War. The original is in possession of the Regiment. te1 It ft k- T.oe .-, r;rfp Anti4 rt Z r ArC tg7e ' " - '---74 i ..1 'IO.11 1---- HE FIRST KENTUCKY INFANTRY first saw service in the war with Mexico. In the first battle of Manassas or Bull Run. fought on July 21, 1861, the First Kentucky Infantry was found among the Confederate forces commanded by Beauregard. In the Armies of the West, there was a First Kentucky Infantry which gave a good account of itself on the Union side. The old regiment furnished the nucleus for the two organ- izatiomis that bore its name with honor on the opposing sides of that war of brothers. In 1878 the regiment was re-organized under the command of John B. Castleman, former Confederate and Union officers serving on its field, line and staff. The regiment, like the country, was again united. In 1898, the First Kentucky volunteered for the war with Spain within twenty-four hours after the sinking of the Maine, and for the second time in its history, saw foreign service. In war, its officers and men have never failed to answer to the call of duty as they saw it. In peace, it has been a bulwark for law and order, having been called on by the community and the State to suppress the mob, to put an end to mountain feuds, and to check the gladsome activities of the night riders. The time chosen for the writing of the regiment's history finds it housed in the largest and handsomest Armory in the South, with its ranks well filled, and its officers men that, for the most part, have seen long ser- vice in the National Guard, the volunteers or the regular establishment. In the essentials of equipment, drill and discipline, the First Kentucky of to-day is worthy of its best traditions and never better prepared in time of peace to serve in war should the country again have need of its service. COL. STEPHEN ORMSBY FIt Coone of the LosIlle Legio. C-mmndrg the F-t Ketuky during the Meica W., l'olrr History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard FOREWORD INCE the days of the Revolution, when the Thirteen Colonies wrested their freedom from the British, down the roll of years through the second war with England. -the Mexican War, the War between the States, the Spanish-American War and numerous other smaller combats and various local actions, Ken- tuckv troops have always stood in the first line of battle. Their valor and courage, their behavior under fire, the victories they have won, and their ability as fighting men have been factors in the building and in the maintenance of this great Republic. It was Kentuckians' blood which flowed at the massacre of the River Raisin. Kentuckians they were who won the Battle of the Thamies, where Tecumseh was slain, after our own Col. Richard Johnson had drawn the fire by ruse of the Forlorn Hope, probably the bravest deed in the annals of American warfare. The Louisville Legion, organized in 18.39, served throughout the Mlexican War, winning especial renown at Monterey and Buena Vista, which names have been inscribed upon its colors. Among the most valued treasures of the command are a war drum and a flag borne by the gallant Legion in its campaign under Gen. Zach- ary Taylor. It was the Legion which became the First Kentucky Regiment when the State Guard was organized in 1878. And while that celebrated body of fighting men did not serve as a unit in the War between the States, the greater portion fought in that struggle either in the famous Confederate command known as the "Orphan Brigade" or with Gen. John H. 'Morgan's not less celebrated cavalry. During the course of that terrible conflict Ken- Fve History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard tuckv blood was shed in every State south of the Ohio and east of the Mississippi River. It is a remarkable fact that the Kentuckians who made up this famous First Kentucky Brigade-the "Orphan Brigade"-were, with one or two unimportant exceptions, mem- bers of old Kentucky and Virginia families who traced their ances- try back to the earliest settlers in the Colonies, who came over from England. Of the officers and men who went with the North, Gen. Will- iam Tecumseh Sherman in a letter written in 1880 said: "In my opinion, no single body of men can claim more honor for the grand result than the officers and men who composed the Louisville Le- gion of 1861. I would rather possess their confidence than that of any other organization of like size which took part in the great events of our Civil War." In the spring of 1898 the First Kentucky Regiment was or- dered into camp at Lexington and mustered into the United States volunteer service. From Lexington it went to Chickamauga and from there to Newport News, where it embarked for Porto Rico. Returning to the United States in December, 1898, a great recep- tion was held by the citizens of Louisville in its honor. It had ac- quitted itself nobly. The history of the First Kentucky Regiment is a narrative of the service of the best citizenship of Louisville and the State. Never has it been called upon but it has been equal to the emergency. The men who have composed the regiment since its inception have earned an enviable record in the history of the Commonwealth and of the Nation. Si. i History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard CHAPTER I. THE WAR WITH MEXICO. E-'CESSARILXY, the history of the First Infantry, Ken- tuckv National Guard, must first be devoted to a E sketch of that noted body of fighters, the Louisville Legion, from whose ranks the State Guard w, s or- ganized. While long since passed from the active military ranks, many veterans of this famous organi- zation are still among Louisville's most active and prominent citi- zens-men honored and revered for those sterling qualities which have placed them on the highest plane among Kentucky's sons. The history of the Louisville Legion dates back to 1837. In that year a company was organized called the "Louisville Guards," Thomas Anderson, Captain, and Charles Tilden and John Barbee, Lieutenants. The "Washington Blues," under Captain W. L. Ball; the "Kentucky Riflemen,"' under Captain Thomas J. Martin, and the "Louisville Grays," under Captain J. Birney Marshall, were or- ganized in 1838 and 1839, under a charter enacted by the Legisla- ture, were organized into the Louisville Legion, with Thomas An- derson, Colonel; Jason Rogers, Lieutenant-Colonel; Humphrey Marshall, Major. and John Barbee, Adjutant. Many members of the old Louisville Light Infantry were enrolled into the Legion. The Legion served throughout the War with Mexico. Led by Gen. Zachary Taylor-"Old Rough and Ready," as he was lovingly called by his soldiers-the Louisville command followed him from the Texas border and fought with bravery in the battles of Monte- rey, Buena Vista and Cerro Gordo. Although cast in official terms and on almost moldering parch- ment, those company minutes, which tell the tale of the battles fought and won on foreign soil, form some of the most thrilling chapters of the country's history. These official records, which had been preserved by Capt. J. F. Huber and handed down by him to his heirs, now are the property of the local chapter of the Sons of Seve- History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard the American Revolution and are carefully preserved as a record of great achievement. When the War with Mexico broke out a requisition was made upon Gov. Owsley by Gen. E. P. Gaines, of the United States Army, for four regiments of volunteers. The Governor upon receiving this call had issued a proclamation appealing to the citizens of Ken- tucky to organize military companies and the first to respond was the Louisville Legion, eager to go to the aid of their fellow-citizen, Gen. Taylor, who was known to be opposed by a much superior force. On the next day after the Governor's proclamation, which was dJated on Sunday, May 17, 1846, the Legion, through its Colonel, offered its services to the Governor, which were accepted. The or- ganization, ten companies strong and composed of the flower of Louisville manhood, was mustered into the United States service as the First Kentucky Infantry. A subscription of 50,000 for ex- traordinary expenses of the State was secured by the Hon. William Preston from the Bank of Kentucky and the troops four days after- ward were sent to New Orleans. The regimental officers upon the leparture for Mexico were as follows: Col. Stephen Ormshv, Lieut.-Col. Jason Rogers, Maj. John B. Shepherd, Adjr. William Riddell, and T. L. Caldwell and J. J. Matthews, surgeons. A company had been recruited by John S. Williams. in Clark County, but, through some misunderstanding between the Gov- ernor of Kentucky and the United States Secretary of War, it had been excluded from regimental organization. Capt. Williams ap- plied at once to the War Department to have it mustered into ser- vice as an independent company. While this application was pend- ing, Capt. WAAilliams marched them to the rendezvous at the Oak- iand race course, then far beyond the city limits, but now the con- junction of Seventh and Magnolia Streets. Capt. Williams uni- formed his men and soon received an order from Gen. Wool to mus- ter his command into the service of the United States. He was or- dered to report to the Colonel of the Sixth United States Regular Infantry, then en route for Mexico. It served with this regiment until its term (one year) expired, and participated in the battle of .,g. History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard Cerro Gordo, where it received the highest praise for its bravery. "Cerro Gordo" Williams was the sobriquet afterward lovingly ap- plied to the Kentucky leader, who soon afterward was appointed Colonel of the Fourth Kentucky Infantry, a regiment organized tunder the second call for troops. The first fighting in which any of the Kentucky troops were engaged was at the siege of Monterey, in September, 1846. and but few of them except the Louisville Legion were in battle there. The Legion was posted to guard a battery, and for twenty-four hours riaintained its position, holding the enemy in check without being able to return their fire, and exhibiting the courage of tried veter- :'ns. For the part they took in the protracted fighting around this stronghold of the enemy, the Kentucky Legislature passed resolu- tions complimentary to them, and voted thanks to Gens. Taylor and Butler, and a sword to each of these officers. Maj. Philip N. 3arbcur, of the Third United States Regular Infantry, a gallant Kentuckian, was killed during the siege, thus marring the joy of his victorious comrades in arms. After the fall of Monterey, the next important military opera- tions wvere at Buena Vista, and there the Kentuckians distinguished themselves. With the First Regiment, their brothers-in-arms, the Second Infantry and First Cavalry, also from this State, distin- g uished themselves. While the battle of Buena Vista was raging a portion of the Louisville Legion and a part of an Ohio regiment where fighting Gen. Urrea at Mier, twenty-five miles from Monte- rey. The Mexican General had attempted to cut off and destroy a heav- wagon train belonging to the army at Buena Vista and the Kentucky and Ohio troops had been ordered to its rescue. The Mexicans succeeded in capturing and burning 300 wagons, but the re-enforcements arrived in time to save the balance of the train. After the battle of Buena Vista, the Kentucky troops took no active part in the Mexican War, except the company of Capt. Will- iams, which was attached to the Sixth United States Infantry. It participated in the battle of Cerro Gordo, as has been related. The term of service of the first regiments to respond expired some time after the battle of Buena Vista, while those recruited under the last I;__ ,, A", 1 H.story of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard call for troo)ps did not arrive in Mexico until the hard fighting was over. On their return home, the Legion was received with every mark of affection. and tendered, as it well deserved, the enthusiastic welcome of the people. Public dinners, old-fashioned barbecues, culogiums and patriotic speeches were profusely showered on them. But the joy of the returned warriors was marred by the ab- sence of their manv comrades who failed to come back, whose bones they had left to molder in the dust on the banks of the Rio Grande, at Monterey, in the gorges of Buena Vista, on the heights of Cerro Gordo, and around the walls of the City of Mexico. Most of the Kentuckv dead, however, were afterward brought home for interment, especially those who fell at Buena Vista, under an act of the Legislature. In the summer of 1847 they were buried in the State Cemetery at Frankfort, with the honors of wvar. The Louisville Legion, after the Mexican War, was continued, under the varying laws governing the State militia, until the out- break of the WVar between the States. __ lerw GEN. JOHN B. CASTLEMAN C.rnnndrng Sc Lf dl. Leg- ad Flrt Rgi-t Kntl-ky Infantry. U S. V. I878-,i8q. Eil,-e. History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard CHAPTER II. THE CIVIL WAR. ITH the beginning of the War between the States comes a regrettable break in the history of the famous Louisville Legion, for while an organization of that name enlisted and fought under the Stars and Stripes in that memorable struggle, the major part of the original members of the command enlisted under the Stars and Bars and fought with the First, or "Orphan," Brigade, and many with Gen. John H. Morgan's Kentucky Cavalry. Kentucky, having adopted the position of neutrality through a resolution of the Legislature, recruiting for the Federal service was -lone outside of the State. W. E. Woodruff, in July, 1861, estab- lished Camp Clay, in Ohio, opposite Newport, taking two com- panies from Louisville with him. Before the summer was over he had raised the First Kentucky Infantry, U. S. A. The Louisville Legion, however, was known as the Fifth Ken- tuckv Infantry during the war. This was the Legion which fought for the Union. On July 1, 1861, six companies of men which had been organized in Louisville went across the river into Camp Joe Holt, on the Indiana side. John L. Treanor, Lafayette P. Lovett, Alexander B. Ferguson, John D. Brent, William Mangan and J. E Van Zandt were the captains. Lovell H. Rosseau was colonel of this regiment. H. M. Buckley, of Henry County, was appointed lieutenant-colonel. Some 2,500 men had gathered at the camp in a short time, and these men were made parts of the Second Kentucky Cavalry and Stone's Battery, besides the Fifth Infantry. On September 9,1861, the Louisville Legion was mustered into the service of the United States, and on September 17, Rosseau led his men from Camp Holt and proceeded under the command of Gen. W. T Sherman to Muldraugh's Hill. There Col. Rosseau was commissioned Brigadier-General and Harvey M. Buckley be- came Colonel. The regiment remained on duty along the railroad at Bowling Green and Nashville and then marched with Buell's T.gh, I ve History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard army by way of Columbia to Savannah, whence it was conveyed by boat to Pittsburgh Landing. It arrived in time to take part in the second day's battle at that place. The services of Rosseau's Brigade and the Louisville Legion were favorably mentioned in the reports. From Shiloh the Legion wvent to Corinth and thence with B3uell's army to Huntsville, Ala. In the summer of 1862 it marched to Kentucky with Buell. From Louisville it marched to Perryville. On the way it was engaged with the enemy at a place called Dog's Walk, near Lawrenceburg. It was not with the troops that en- gaged in the battle of Perryville. After that battle it went in pur- suit of Bragg as far as Crab Orchard and thence to Bowling Green and Nashville, and camped on the road to Franklin. In the battle of Murfreesboro the Legion bore its part, losing men killed and wounded. Among the wounded was Maj. John Treanor. He Uas also captured aid held as a prisoner five months in Libby Prison. The Legion also took part in all the movements about Chatta- nuoga under Gen. Thomas. At Missionary Ridge, the Legion was engaged at Orchard Knob. Col. William W. Berry, then head of the regiment, was wounded there and two days later was wound- ed again. The Legion then went with Gen. Sherman to the relief of Knoxville. It engaged in the operations against Longstreet in Last Tennesset during the winter of 1863-64, being above Knox- ville at New Market and Strawberry Plains, and also below Knox- ville at Lenoir Station. In the spring of 1864 the Legion became part of Gen. Sher- man's army, organizing for the Atlanta campaign. It fought with him at Rocky Face, Resaca, Pumpkin Vine Creek, Dallas, Kenne- saw, Chattahoochie River, Peach-tree Creek and other battles around Atlanta. From Atlanta the Legion returned to Nashville in August, 1864, again being under the command of Gen. Rosseau. The time of the regiment expired in September, and it was mustered out of service September 14, 1864, at Louisville. The First Kentucky Infantry was composed mainly of men from Kentucky outside of Louisville. It participated in the bat- J AIrtg" History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard tles of Murfreesboro, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge and -he Tennessee campaign, afterward marching under Sherman into Georgia. Recruiting for the Confederate army commenced in Kentucky before any attempt had been made on the part of the Union men to organize under the United States flag. Two battalions under Cols. Duncan and Pope served under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston in the Armv of the Shenandoah, at the battle of Manassas. Eariy in the summer of 1861 several hundred men repaired to Camp Boone, at which place Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner made his headquarters, and enlisted in the army of the young Confederacy. Most of these had been members of the State Guard-the original Louisville Legion. The advantage of scientific training soon be- came apparent and bore its legitimate fruit in the subsequent effi- ciency of the First Kentucky Brigade, C. S. A., which has been call- ed the "Orphan Brigade." They were organized into three regiments of infantry, known as the Second Kentucky, Col. J. M. Hawles, succeeded soon after by Col. Roger Hanson; the Third, Col. Lloyd Tilghman, succeeded by Col. Thompson, and the Fourth, Col. Robert H. Trabue. As recruits came in three more regiments were formed, the Fifth, first commanded by Col. John S. Williams; the Sixth, under Col. Joseph Lewis, and the Ninth, under Col. Thomas Hunt. Two batteries of artillery, Cobb's and Byrnes', were assigned to the brigade. This was the famous "Orphan Brigade," many members of whom are living still and honored members of Louisville and Ken- tucky society. Many of them were soldiers in the original Louis- ville Legion. The history of this organization is almost too well known to recount. Of the First Kentucky Regiment, C. S. A., there is little record. There were, however, some Louisville men in this organization, which saw service at the first battle of Manassas and in the Vir- ginia campaigns. Fo.rt..e. History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard CHAPTER III. THE YEARS OF PEACE. OLLOWING the railroad riots of 1877, an unpleasant recollection to many of the citizens of Louisville, the Legislature of Kentucky in 1878 enacted laws pro- viding for a State militia. nUnder this act the First Kentucky Regiment was organized and composed of the very best citizens of Louisville. Three of the present judges on the bench in this city were members of this regi- ment; two Chief Magistrates of this city, former Mayors Charles F. Grainger and Charles P. Weaver, were First Sergeants in Com- pany A. Four of the Captains in the new regiment had earned honorable distinction in the Confederate army, and one had served with equal honor in the Federal army. In perusing the list of men who have deserved and secured success in business and social life in Louisville, one may find the names of those who, from 1878 to 1915, have been active or honor- ary members of the First Kentucky Regiment. No regiment in any militia of American volunteer soldiery can point to the same length of active service which marks the history of the First Ken- tucky. The names of the officers commanding the various companies in the organization of 1878 are the names of men deservedly hon- ored in this community. That veteran soldier and splendid gen- tleinan, John B. Castleman, was Captain of Company A; Judge W. 0. Harris, Captain of Company B; John H. Leathers, Captain of Company C; Clinton 'McClarty, Captain of Company D; and E. H. Moise, Captain of Battery A. at the time of this organization flames B. McCreary was Governor of Kentucky, and J. M. Wright was Adjutant General of the State. During this year Companies E and F were added to the regiment, Company E, cavalry, com- manded by Capt. Josh Bullitt, and Company F, under the com- mand of Capt. J. M. Wright. Regimental organization with the addition of these two companies took place with John B. Castle- Fitt--- z z , ) I- Sit.en History of the First Regimnmt of Infantry, Kentu-ky National Guard man as Colonel, AN'. 0. Harris as Major of the First Battalion, and John H. Leathers, Major of the Second Battalion. In 1887 W. H. Coen was the Lieutenant Colonel, and the regi- ment remained under these officers until the spring of 1888. From the time of its organization until the Spanish-American War. the life of the First Kentucky Regiment was anything but enjoyment of "piping times of peace." There was hardly a year when the militiamen were not called upon for some strenuous duty, usually concerning the internal administration and the enforce- ment of law and order, all of which meant exposure to hardships not one whit less severe than those of a wartime campaign. The history of the Louisville Legion, by Col. Col. Ernest Macpherson, former judge Advocate General, K. S. G., furnishes much of these records. In October, 1878, a detachment from the regiment was ordered on duty for several days, to guard a prisoner in the Jefferson Coun- ty Jail against the apprehended attack of a mob. In December of the same year Breathitt County was the scene of grave disorders, the followers of two desperadoes named Little and Strong conducting a kind of guerrilla warfare, which terror- ized the mountain community and set at defiance the lawful author- ities, affairs culminating in the murder of one of the judges. A de- tachment of the regiment including a platoon of Battery A mount- ed as cavalry, was sent to aid the civil authorities, and succeeded in arresting and imprisoning the principal offenders. who were in the country upon their arrival, and in restoring quiet and public confidence. There were at this time no facilities for transportation, and the detachment was compelled to march seventy miles over the mountains, the men carrying their equipment (which did not in- clude tents) and bivouacking at night in severe weather. The Quar- termaster's "train" consisted of two wagons, one drawn by horses, the other by two yoke of oxen. It required five days' marching through mud and snow over the hills and mountains to reach Jack- son, the countv seat, where the detachment was quartered until late in February, 1879. The following summer another detachment, in charge of the I ace z s awry as I History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard score or more prisoners who had in the meantime been kept in Louisville, was sent to Breathitt, and remained three weeks during the session of the Circuit Court. The leaders in the trouble were generally convicted, and the local magistracy has since been able to manage such disorders as have occurred. In October, 1881, a detail from the regiment, consisting of one company of infantry and a section of Battery A, was, with other companies of the State Guard, ordered into active service, the com- mand reporting to the Circuit Judge at Catlettsburg, Boyd County, on the 30th. A most shocking crime had been committed near Ash- ,and, in the same county, some months previously, and the people had become impatient for the summary execution of the criminals. One of these three, named Ellis, often being tried and convicted, was hanged by a mob, and the troops were ordered to Catlettsburg during the trial of Neal and Craft to prevent a similar proceeding :n their case. On the 2nd of November the court ordered the com- mander of the troops to convey the prisoners for safe-keeping to Lexington. Thereupon a "committee" waited upon the officers and demanded the prisoners be delivered to them. This being re- fused, a large number of persons assembled with the determination to lynch the prisoners at all hazards. To avoid a conflict, the com- mand and prisoners were embarked on board the steamer Granite State, an Ohio River packet, and started down the Big Sandy River, and then on the Ohio to Maysville. The mob seized an engine and cars, running on a track parallel with the river. Fire, fortunately harmless, was opened from the cars, but was not returned. Arriv- ing at Ashland, the mob, emboldened by indulgence, seized a ferry boat and directed its course against the Granite State and contin- ued firing. A number of the troops being wounded, they were or- tered to fire. The ferry was disabled and became unmanageable in a moment; some of the mob was killed and a much larger num- ber wounded. The steamer, having never stopped for a moment, went on its way down the river without further molestation. The trial of Neal and Craft (afterward executed by the Sheriff) having been set for the 7th of February, 1883, at Grayson, mn Carter County, some of the survivors of the affair at Ashland Eighty- History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard threatened further trouble. The Circuit Judge applied for a mili- tary force sufficient to discourage another attempt to lynch the prisoners, and ten companies of infantry and two platoons of ar- tillery were ordered into active service. The detail from the regi- ment was composed of two companies of infantry and a section from the battery. The command camped in the most wretched weather-ice, sleet, snow and mud, in something like equal propor- tions-and although there was no conflict, or any appearance of one, the service was extremely hard and disagreeable, and would have been a severe test of veteran troops. From the effects of ex- posure in this service one member of the regiment died a few days after his return, several were severely ill, and some too dangerous- ly so to be removed from the hospital. With these the surgeon re- mained until they could with safety be brought home. Almost every year. when not engaged in other active duty, the First Regiment attended the regular State Guard Encampments and engaged in various drills and rifle contests, and in nearly every instance acquitted itself well when pitted against the militiamen and other military organizations from the entire country. The next activity of the Louisville troops, after the troubles in Eastern Kentucky, was the dispatching of the State Guard by spe- cial train to Greenwood, a small station on the Cincinnati Southern Railroad. where some 350 natives resented the employment of con- victs in the mines, and on March 6, 1886, armed to the teeth, threat- ened the contractors with punishment, the setting free of the pris- oners and the destruction of the buildings unless the convicts were returned to Frankfort. The Governor was communicated with. and he dispatched the Louisville militia to the scene, with a Gatling gun. Camp was pitched, and the guard maintained there two months, but there was no further trouble beyond a passing shot at a sentinel. There is hardly a man of voting age in the city today who does not recall the Jennie Bowman riots. These were stirring times in Louisville. Col. Macpherson's history accurately describes the regiment's part in this occasion as follows: "In the month of April, 1887, near the hour of noon, in a popu- jvNutesu 3 0.0 s; o 3 zn T-ty History of thie First Regi...ent of Infantry, Kentucky Natiorn-l G.u-rd lous and fashionable residence portion of the City of Louisville, Jennie Bowman, an innocent girl, was murdered by the negroes, Turner and Patterson. The conduct of the girl was heroic. The bold and cruel character of the crime, the minute and sickening de- -ails of which filled the columns of the press, greatly inflamed the public mind, and the excitement was somewhat aggravated by the conduct of officials. who seemed to anticipate and fear a visit of 'Judge Lynch.' The perpetrators were soon discovered and appre- hended. After being taken to Frankfort, thev were returned to Louisville and placed in jail on Wednesday, the 27th of April. That night crowds gathered in the vicinity of the jail and court-house, but were easily dispersed by the police. The following evening, fearing more serious consequences, the entire dav and night police iorce and the double set of turnkeys at the jail were on duty. About 10 o'clock, while a brilliant German was in progress at the Arnmory, some three hundred men assembled in front of the building with .he intention of seizing the arms and cannon to be used in an attack upon the jail. Rocks were thrown against the armory doors, and several pistol shots fired from the outside. The usual guard which attended the social gathering (the latter was not disturbed) easily prevented an entrance by the rioters, though it was necessary to handle some of them a little roughly. In the afternoon of the fol- lowing day a dense mass of seething and turbulent humanity pack- ed every avenue at the jail, which, however. the civil force managed to protect. The regiment, meanwhile, upon order of the Governor and Circuit Judge, has assembled at the Armorv. The riot act was received with groans and hootings, and the efforts of the MXlagis- tracY to restore order were derided. The situation had become so grave that a repetition of the scenes of the Cincinnati riot were teared; and darkness adding to the courage and numbers of the mob, the regiment was ordered to proceed to the jail, which it did at once in disciplined silence and in beautiful order. Position was taken so as to protect the jail. and that there might be -no misap- prehension as to the kind of work to be expected, the order was in- stantly given to load with ball cartridge. The ominous click of the rifles, as the order was obeyed, has a most wholesome effect, which Frety-ose History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard ceased for a time its threatened attack. The command was never- theless subjected to the fatigue of one position for several hours. Later the mob reassembled and became too weighty to be managed by the police, and a yelling crowd of about 500, the men in the front rank bearing a section of a telegraph pole with which they intended to batter the jail, and firing pistols and throwing stones, bore down upon the police, who began to give way. The order was then given for the regiment to advance. For the first time the drums in the rear of the line beat as the order was obeyed-the mob falling back as the regiment moved forward. This advance was made under circumstances of great aggravation, thoughtless people in the rear of the crowd throwing bricks and sticks, which struck officers and men. The discipline of the command prevented firing by the troops. One soldier, whose finger was broken, did not even take his hand from his gun; another, who was so injured as to be unable to walk for ten days afterwards, made no complaint until he fell from the ranks when the command had returned to the jail. Other demonstrations occurred throughout the night, but were properly considered as nothing more than the feints or threats of drunken men. The regiment was kept under arms for nine days, when the folly of the leaders in the disturbance dawned upon them, and the excitement died away. The murderers were afterwards hanged by law." Feuds and partisan warfare in the mountains, which gave the State much unfortunate notoriety, also gave the members of the First Regiment much to do in the late eighties. In August, 1884, an exciting race for Sheriff took place in Rowan County, and on the afternoon of election day a riot took place, ending in the killing of one man and the wounding of several others. Shortly afterwards John Martin killed Floyd Tolliver, and the slayer was committed to the Clark County Jail. Craig Tolliver, a relative, according to the charges made, presented a forged paper to the jailer, purporting to be an order for the delivery of Martin to be taken to Morehead for trial. While on the train, Martin was shot to death. Attaining the ascendency in Rowan County, Craig Tolliver was elected Police Judge. Various crimes were charged against T7efty't 9. - I History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard him and his faction, and for criticizing them, Boone Logan, a young lawyer, was banished from the community He organized a party and, surounding Morehead, took part in a pitched battle on June 22, 1887. An armed organization took possession of the town. Cir- cuit Court was to convene, and a detachment from the First Regi-- ment was ordered to Morehead and remained five weeks. All factions were deprived of their arms, and no serious disturbance occurred. Feud troubles again called the First Regiment to the Kentucky mountains in 1889, when, late in the fall of that vear, an outbreak of the French-Eversole feud in Perry County resulted in nearly all the inhabitants of the town of Hazard fleeing. Among the refugees were the County judge, Circuit and County Clerk and other offi- cials. Atrocities immediately preceding the November term of court result in the dispatch of a detachment of Louisville soldiers. The troops preserved order during the three weeks of the court term, and before leaving Hazard the commander organized a com- pany of local reserves, who were armed by the State. When the great cyclone of MNarch 27, 1890, visited Louisville, and the local police found themselves unable to handle the situation alone, the regiment was for several days in active service, assisting the force in guarding the devastated dlistrict. From 1888 to 1897 the regiment was composed of seven coin- panies, and in that time took part in celebrations in New York and Nashville. In 1897 Company C. was organized and became part of the command under Capt. J. M. Ramsey. In 189.5 the late Morris Belknap was elected Lieutenant Colonel and a few changes oc- curred up to 1898. Twext -three ,flsttr Av1 of 3[ouisui1t 3toi-on JUNE 30, 1878 COMPANY A J. B. CASTL.EMA ............. Captain L. N. BcK .1........... St Lieutenant JAS. B. FERGuSON ............. 2d Lieutenant 1st. C. F. GRAIxcER 2d. C. P. WEAVER Sergeants 3d. A. M. CUNNINXHANIE 4th. VERNOxN WOLF Corporals 1st. A. Vo-4 BORRIES :nd. C. H. MONTGOMERY 3d. H. E. SETERY Adams. C. W. Allin, P. T. Barbour, J. P. Bartlett, J. C. Buckner, 1. F., Jr. Beckwith. L B Bucker, J. L. Pfodley, Pearce Beeler, W. W. Cooke. H. L. Clark, J. NT. Colston, E. I. Clark, Noble Campion. J. J. Coleman, R. L. Dickson, W. 1L Dickson, J. A. Dhavis, D. J. Privates Dobbin, J. F. Dunham. A..\. Grove, Geo. H. Hunt, J. W. Hutchins, J. B. Jones. C. M. Jones, R. A. Jenkins, John Klauber. M. Kent. H. A Lyman. J. S. Loving, W. R. Latlgham. A. ff. Lehman, Joe C. O'Ncil, J. E. osrmsby, Edward Peay, Alustin t urcell, H. Ii. Pe rkins '. A. Roy, W. D. Richartison. W. Rolph. W. T. Semple. A. B. Starkev. R. F. Shouse, A. J. Smith. 1. B. Smith, C. A. Tabh, C. Terry, A. L. Vons Borries. W. Woolfolk, R. L. Way. W. H. Wbheeler. R. B. Wood, Thos. J. Wchle, 0. C( COMPANY B W. 0. HARRIS ....C.. ........................... Captain JO"'H W'. GREEN .............. ........... 1s Lietutenant E. MCPHERSON ........... 2d Lieutenant st. JAS. P HELS 2d. JAS. W. MAI Babbitt, E. M. Beeler. E. S. Prent, R. H. Vion PBorries, J. S. Booker, Paul Bowser, E. H. Burton. J. P. Beilstein, J. W. Bent. W. M. Barret, John Cassin. W. F. Caspari, C. R. Coghill, E. S. Davis, J. A. Davie. Geo. M. Davidson, H. I'loyd. James Gray, D W. Gray. J. A. Green, D. S. Sergeants 3d. En. HLmPHtREv r]TY 4th. J. B. WILSON Privates Green, J. R. Pope, A. L. Creen, Grant Polk, J. R. M. Gillispie, J. W. Petrolds, C II. Griffiths, W. H. Reed, J. F. Hopkins, F. IL Russell. J. C. Humpl'rey. A. P. Speed. J. F. Hundley. J. B. Smith. 1. C. Hunt, W. J. Ttcker. T. i. Harrod, 1. A. Tracy, T. E. Henning, E W. Vogt, Juiliuls Isaacs, R. C. W'b'ard, J. H. Jackson, J. C. Ward. W. E. Jackson. W. L.. Jr. Wheeler, H W. Jobson. W. P. Winston. W. P. Knott. S. R. Wood, D. M. Knott, W. T. Wise, M. B. Marshall, J. Weissinger. R. McDowell Yonng, H. I. O'Neil, J. E. Peay, Geo. K. 1'seeaty! fur - CAMP HILL. MIDDLESBOROUGH. KY.. July. .89,, The first fieldsvice Cp of the Regimnt T a -ty-fi- History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard COMPANY C JoH-N H. LEATHERS.... ............ Captain PINCKNEY F. GREEN. ............... st Lieutenant D. F. C. WEI11R............... 2d Lieutenant Sergeants 1st. KiENNETH MCDONALD 2d. THOS. P. GRANT 3d. ED'WARD A. Got.DARn Corporals 1st. AL.xx H. JACKSON 2d. CLARENCX S. MARTIN Privates Armstrong, John A. itoro, Philip Baker, Frank Bryan, Enaith Baldwin, Stuart Brannin Abe O.. Jr. Crawford, A. W. Clemnmens, Jas. E. Larter, Jas. G, Jr. Critchiow, T. A. Campbell, Lee W. Carrol, Travis Cain, Paul Dabnev, J. M. Doerr, Louis B. Ellwang, A. W. Ellwang A. W. Eckert, Wm. D. Fowler, Wm. E. rischer, Chas. A Gorley, J. T. Grant, E. A., Jr. Carretty, Wm. J. Hickman, J. W. Hardin, Len S. i-fewett, Chas. H. King, C. H. King, John R. Kearn, Marc Kirby, Saml B. Link, A. G. Marshall, Ewing Moore. Alfred F. McDonald, Geo. N. Miller, F. Shackelford Marshall, Burrell K. McKown, Wm. M. McDonald, Roy McCormack, Percy Payne, Edward H. Ratcliffe, J. C. Sale, Frank R. Shepard, A. KI, Jr. Semnple, A. S. Sale. Wm. B. Skillrmin, Robert F. Tapp, Julian J. Van Vleet, A. Walker, Walter. White, T. Wells. Warder, H. T, Waide, hose Winstandley, N. J. ZiKik, F. C. COMPANY D C. M`cCLATvY ....................................... Captain G. F. GUNTHER.......... 1st Lieutenant E. RowLAND.......... 2d Lieutenant 1st. A. D. MILLIKIN 2d. G. C. Staxny 1st. W. R. FOSTER 2d. AL. MEAD Armstrong, J. M., Jr. Bridges, C. M. Burnett, J. Barker, M. S. Brandeis, A. Crook, A. C. Clement, H C. Llarke, Ben Clarke, W. P. Davis, C. T. Davis, J. F. Dickson, F. C. Fusch, . A. Ferguson, G. C. Gardner, R. F., Jr. Gamble, J. L. Gamble, J. F. Cray, R. C. Sergeants ; 3L W. L. LYON. 4th. A. JACKSON .5th. C. J. Mpound;Eonis Corporals 3d. H. C. MILLER 4th. W. D. McCAH EI. Privates Hughes, J. C. Hubener, C. Hooe, E M. Harris, G. M. Hunt, J. P. Holloway, G. Homire, L W. Hughes, W. A. Judge, R. C. Johnson, W. B. Johnstone, T. D. Kniskern, W. B. Kriel, A. J. Kaye, W. E Kaye, L. F. Kaye, A. Mullikin, T. B. Murphey, J. M. Murphey, J. H. Newslun, F. O'Brien, P. J. Pulliam, P. P. Steele, W. J. Summers. D. B. Stokes, T. C. Smith, C. B. Sohan. J. M. Samuels, H. M. Tyler, Robt. Thornton, W. R. Travis, G. L Vance, A. M. Wilson, W. E. Weller, W. L. Young, C. H. Twes.y-ai. History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard COMPANY F J. M. WRIGHT ............ Captain H. C. GsiNsTTUD... ......... Ist Lieutenant U. E. MARSHALL ...........8. 2d Lieutenant 1st. 2d. 1St. Allen, T. C. Atherton, P. L. Cowling, J. V. Cooke, J. G. Davidson, J. Davis, J. W. Dean, J. S. Dean, S. J. Eaches, E. Edmunds, W. Gilbert, R. E. Gleason, W. E. Gordon, F. Grant, C. C. Gray, H. W. Grinstead, W. W Sergeants W. 0. BAILEY 3d. G. W. WICKS J. M. WINTERSMITH 4th. M. V. JO)YFS 5th. A. V. GRISWOLD Corporals E. S. WRICHT 2d. W. WX. MORRIS 3tt. E. Q. Kxonrr Privates Hamilton, C. L. Hamilton, J. Harrison. E. H. I Hooge, 0. i Mandeville, W. C. Mayer, W. S. S McChanahan, S. McComb, D. D McDonald, H. McGoodwin, Hl. Mengel, E. F. Meriwether, P. Mershon, J. Miller, W. Milliken, J. W. ( Murnan H. i BATTERY A Nelson, C. L. Parsons, C. A. tamsey, R. tees, l M. Smith, G. W. Stuart, D. T. Valker, S. Varder, J. W. Veaver, W. W. Vest, H. Vest, M. Vintersmith, T. Markers 'riswold, G. Sherle- Z. E. H. MomsE........... Captain OWEN STEWART ............................... Ist Lieutenant E. P. MF.ANY ........... ist Lieutenant V. M. Ro ......2.......8........ 2d Lieutenant Sergeants ist. A. C. SPEE 4th. R. D. SKILLMAN 2d. OSCAR DAvis 5th. THos. EVANS 6th. W. K. EVANS Corporals I st. M. J. WEISON 5th. JOHN VAN ARSDALE 2d. C. B. BLY 6th. T. M. DE HONEY 3d. GEo. BOWMAN 7th. HENRY STRUBY, Ja. 4th. E. C. JONES sth. H. C. GRAY Privates Beard, J. A. Futts, J. M. Meany, W. B Board, B. I ontaine, Thos. McPherson, N Brewster, Jas. A. Grasty. Thos. P. McPherson, S Baldwin, J. L. Gorley, Lucian Morton, B. L. Barker, H. S. Hill, R C. Mayers, A. F Bodiker. E. B. Hart, Edward Mortimore, U Clarke, Geo. W. Hastings, W. F. B. Oldham, A. N Curtis, B. F. Hill, L. G. Paul, L. V. Cochran, W. D. lHollenkamp, J. H. Palmer, Geo. Combs, L. H. Huhlein, C. F. Rice, H. B. Cowling, W. D. Holtheide, F. J. Fteele, W. B. Clay, Henry Hitt, S. M. Schardein, B. Carter, Wm. J. Hodges, F. B. Tuck, Geo. E Cassedy, M. M. Helm, Thos. P Thurman, W. Dugan, W. E. Irwin, E. T. Van Arsdale. Durning. H. F. Johnston, W. M. Wright, H. 1 Dixey, H. F. Lincoln, WV. P. Wright, V. S Elwell, W. A. Mansir, J. H. Whitney, R. I FIELD AND STAFF 1878 JOHN B. CASTLEMAN . ................................ Major PINCKNEY F. GREEN . .Adjutant A. M. VANCE . ............................ Assistant Surgeon A. M. CUNNINCHAME ...... . Quartermaster J. REw...... Sergeant-Major J. W. MAVITY ............. Quartermaster-Sergeant E. Y. D. H. V. G. F. T. C. H. b. L. Tswesty-ses-. History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky NationaI Guard CHAPTER IV. THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. ROM the time of the sinking of the Maine, Kentucky's troops were rea(ly at all times to enter the threatened war with Spain. Prior to the declaration of war by Congress, the First Regiment was crowded with ap- plicants for enlistment. Through Col. John P. Cas- tleman, the Legion, by unanimous vote, tendered its services to the Wlar Department of the United States. It was the first bodv of militia to volunteer. President MIcKinley's call for 123,000 troops came on April 23rd, and on the following day Adjutant General D. R. Collier, of Kentucky, called a meeting of the commanders of the three State Guard regiments at Frankfort on April 25th. Lexington was de- cided on as the place of mobilization of Kentucky troops. On May 12, 1898, the First Regiment left for camp at Lexing- ton and was mustered into the United States volunteer service. From Lexington it went to Chickamauga, Tenn., and from there to Newport News, where it embarked for Porto Rico. Kentucky sent its pro rata-3,246 men-and Louisville's famous Battery A, which went voluntarily and without being called upon, as no artil- lery was included in the request for troops. At Guanica, where six companies of the Kentucky troops dis- embarked, they learned they were transferred to the First Brigade. Under the command of Maj. Gen. John R. Brooks, they marched from Guanica to Guayama, Ponce and Arroyo. Their first order to go into action was when Lieut. Col. Belknap was told to take his troops by water to Mayaguez, and after effecting a forced landing under the guns of the monitors Montgomery and Wasp, to engage the Spaniards on the front, while Gen. Schwan attacked from the back of the town, but the landing was peaceable, as the Spaniards had left. Soon afterward, the Kentucky troops engaged Spaniards at Las Marias. twenty miles away, capturing a Colonel, a Lieuten- ant Colonel, a Lieutenant and two hundred men. T.ertv-erg1 l 1r COL MORRIS L LELKNAP C. -d-g offi- f the F-t Regimn Kenuky Infanty. U S V.at the I.- f the W, Th.sen13t-.i. History ot the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard Col. Tohn B. Castleman and six other companies of the First Kentucky embarked August 9th at Newport News for Porto Rico, just before the peace protocol was signed. Lieut. Col. Belknap at Mayaguez was ordered to join Col. Castleman on August 26th, and the men marched all the way , enduring great hardships and join- ng the remainder of the First Kentucky on August 29th. While no longer fighting the Spaniards, the Kentucky troops remained at Ponce for many days and had in their charge the pro- tection of life and property in Uncle Sam's new dominion. On Sep- tember 18th, Col. Castleman ordered Company G, under command of Capt. Joseph M. Sohan, to Utuado, a nearby town, to suppress guerrillas. On September 29th, Col. Castleman was honored by being placed in command of a provisional brigade, composed of the First Kentucky Infantry, the Nineteenth United States Infantry, and Troop B, of the Second United States Cavalry. Lieut. Col. Belknap became commanding officer of the First Kentucky and Adjt. John B. Galleher became Brigade Assistant Adjutant General. On October 10th. when Brig. Gen. Ernst and staff were ordered home, Col. Castleman was placed in command of all troops in and around Ponce. Various activities kept the Kentucky troops busy until November 5th, when Col. Castleman received official notice that the First Regiment would soon sail for home. They boarded a transport December 4th and the next morning sailed for the States. The First Regiment arrived here December 12th, and all Louisville turned out to do it honor. A great reception was held by the citizens. A parade and a banquet were part of the ceremon- es. Louisville was proud of its soldier sons. On February 24, 1899, the regiment was mustered out of ser- vice, but, although Kentucky was practically without an organized militia for a short while, in the summer of that year the regiment was reorganized. The new regiment was composed of the following organiza- tions: Company A, Captain Alonzo H. Ross commanding; Com- pany B, Captain William H. Henry commanding; Company C, Captain Wallace Truman commanding; Company D, Captain John Thirt, I History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard L+. Jeffries commanding; Company E, Captain Austin Kinnaird commanding; Company F, Captain Sherley M. Crawford com- manding; Company H, Captain WRilliam Krieger commanding, and Company K, Captain Benjamin A. Farrel commanding. The Field Officers were as follows: Colonel. C. C. Mengel; Lieutenant Colonel, David W. Gray; Major of First Battalion, Morris 1B. Gifford; Major of the Second Battalion. William A. Colston. The regiment was mustered into the State Guard service bv Major Noel T. Gaines. of the Second Infantry, K. N. G. Thirty-1i.o Baster of thte First Aienturky 3nfantr UNITED STATES VOLUNTEERS, 1898 At Date of Muster-Out, February 24, 1899 Field Staff and Band CASTL.NMAN. JonN B ............... Brigadier General BELKNAP, Mosit B . ................. Colonel (GRAY, DAVID W ................. Lieutenant Colonel CASTLEMAN, DAVID ........ ......... Major CRaUMP, MAIOIcoon H . ........... ...... Major GALLEHER, JOHN B . ................. Adjutant GiFomo. MonRRs B ................. Quartermaster HisrTTr 'IHARI.ES W. ........... Battalion Adjutant NoRoTN. ECKSTEIN ............... Battalion Adjutant .MiENrFFr.. RICHARD H .............B attalion Adjutant PALMER, JACK BnRNT....................... Surgeon FREEMAN, JOHNx K. .............. Assistant Surgeon Ro esst, DAVID YANDELLW............ Hospital Steward BoTToM, GEzo E .X ............... Hospital Steward ONDENDONK. WIL.IAm A........... Hospital Steward DINKFI.sPIrnL, Lovts ................. Sergeant Major WAY, WILLIAM H . ......... Quartermaster Sergeant MARTIN, CLARrNcp L ............... Chief Musician LANCAsTeu. HoRACE Mt. ................ P. Musician CAMeRON, LO11XNZO ................... P. Musician Alde, Dominic Browning, John Burke, Patrick Cameron, Lewis K. Davern, John Denny, Walter Denunzio, Nicholas Pri`ates Flynn. David A. Hager, John Hawkins, Benjamin G. Hurst, John Irmscher, Paul Kaplan, Kolmen Promoted Castleman, John B., Colonel. McCartney, Joseph O'Connor, Martin Robestein, Samuel Scheppel-nan, Grover Tinker, John S. Walters, James B. Resigned Salter, Mike .......... Regiment Quartermaster Duncan, Ellis .. .......... Assistant Surgeon Discharged Kirk, Wim. R. .... ..... Hospital Steward Frank, B. T ......... Hospital Steward COMPANY A GRINSTEAD, CAieNcF L .................... Captain JAMReS, WILLIAM J . ........... First Lieutenant Ross. ALONZO H . .............. Second Lieutenant WOODMAN. FRintrcK W. ........... First Sergeant BRANHAM. Wlt1..AM I ..1............. Quartermaster Bundschu, Philip C. Porter, Aubrey D. Hanes, John A. Worwood, John T. Babbitt, John G. Bloom, Leo Bodenhender, Edw. J. Brother, Edward Bnddhu, William L. Burkel, Edward Bnrkman, Arthur S. Burns, Robert Carter, James E Cassilly, Louis C. Clark, John A. Clephas, Peter Combs, Willie R. Curry, Nicholas Dickins, Samuel W. Duddy, William P. PRYOR, JAMES D ............... Color Sergeant STUCKFPR, CLARENCE .Sergeant JOHNSON, ERNEST ......................... Sergeant DAVIDSON. JOHN C .Sergeant Corporals Codey, Wilber McCowan, Ward F. Hawes, George H. Megenity, Benjamin F. Privates Duke, William T. Duncan, Samuel E. Farley, James B. Ferguson, Hector Fields, Samuel Forsdon, George E. Greenup, James J. Hagedorn, Julius Hauselman, Ernest Herdt, George P. Hess, George Hundley, John T. Hurley, Peter jaegel, Robert L Kammerer, Geo. A. Kleinjohn, Chas. H. Hebden, James B. Corsey, Chas. C. C. Brands, Benj. J. Knerr, Louis Koch, Conrad Krack, William A. Kramer, Frederick W. Lambert, Henry Marshall, Oren Matthews, John L. McKinney, Henry A. Miller, William F. Monks, William Montgomery, Farris Morrison, Louis Morse, Edwin K Mulcay, Thomas Newkirk. Frank Oren, William S. Thiety-t History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky Nationai Guard COMPANY A-Privates-Continued Ott, Frank Parsons, Albert Petterman, John, Jr. Piedfourch, Albert W. Present, Arthur Proehl. Louis R. Reed, Liston 0. Rembolt, William E. Reinhart, John SFelegel, Andrew C. Scott, John W. Shaw, William T. Simon, Alfred E. Smith, Charles J. Smith, Harry J. Ftark. Betton J. Staub, George Staub, William Sweet, Addison Taylor, Sherman 1 hornton, Ernest M. JI'STI, HERIMAX ................. lusician MATI.ACK, O AR . F................ usician Died Thurmond, Earl C. Toggweiler, Jacob Tremere, Theodore P. - Vance, George W. Waters, John C. Weiser, Edward H. Whitney, M anlins L. Wilson, Roy Woolsfolk, Fkdgar Wunsch, Adolph WART. FDWARD .............. rtificer BER'SHARIrr. orJouN ...... ........ Vaggoner I)emaree, Harry N. ........ ....... Private Total .... 1 COMPANY B HlUNT, WIU.JAM 1 ....................... Captain l)AVIII)SIN. JAMrS T .r............... First ,ieutenant WILt.DER, OSCAR ................. Second Lieutenant KLINt, WM. J ................. First Sergeant HARDIN. GE.oRG. T . ......... Quartermaster Sergeant POM.Upound;OV. CHAR.L.ES W. .............. Sergeant Caple, Sylvester Ford, Logan L. Rumage, Henry L I.everone, Frank J. Ackley, George W. Amons, Leonard Black, Edw. W. Brehme, Henrv G. Purres, Win. M. Bishop, Perry Bottorff, Adolph Berry, Alfred Berry, Oscar J. Clark, Oscar Craycroft, Harry A. Cohen, Clyde Cole, Algon E. Cardwell, Hugh Cullom, Charles Current, Edwin Denny, Leander Edwards, George B. Emmons, Charlie W. Farley, Foissa Foster, James Finn, Michael J. Fall, Scheer, Wm. C. Fisher, Gus E. Fairer, Henry Frank, Gen. J. Gifford, Morris B ................ First Corpow Campbell, Frai 'l ucker, Samu Cox, Samuel. I lerman, Arth Pri's Foster, larry Grafton. Mich Gommel, Geor Henry, Williai -laight, Roy C Hyland, Morri Hofstetter, Jol Johnson. Beni. Kraft, Emil Hf Kehiman, Chas Kendle, Willial Koehler, Henr Leamon, Geo. Liver, Charles Lee, Coleman I,indenmeyer, Morris, Oscar Mayes, Henry McGinty, Geor Miller, Hilton Montgomery, I lMueller, Geo. Nett, Felix M. Owen, John M Penrod. Louis Read, George I Trans-fe Lieutenant Died Bailey, Joiner M. Private Browne, Edward H. . . Private rT.ty.gk-, (I Rex, HIARRY B. ............... Sergeant HERNEqS, RoBERT I.. ....................... Sergeant KELu'y. GFDRG.E B. .... ......... Sergeant EisMONtDS, WILLIAM ............... P. Musician PAYNE. JAMES H . ............... Artificer FLYXNN. CHArLES A. ..... ....... Waggoner rala nk W. Reister, Jesse C. el R. Skillman, Richard D. J. Satterfield, Marin P. ur 0. Xewcomb, Keen ttea Ross, Phillip J. ael Schmitz, (eo. J. P. rge Schiphorst, William mn H. Smith, David G. Smith, John is Smith, Geo. W. in Smith, Osborne W. W. Spurrier, John B. 1.tSullivan, John B. s. F. Short, Charles M. m F. Tasker, Charles S. y Tarleton, Richard J. E. Terrell, Luke W. F. Tibbs, Wm. 0. B. R. Thomas, James P. Henry Thisiman, Herman Treston, John J. P. Von Hipple, Hans H. rge Walls, Jeremiah, Jr. E. Weickel, Louis Alm. P. Wilson, Lorenzo D. A. White, George V. Wood, Edward W. Yankers, Otto C. W. Yeager, Christian R. Zimmerman, Frederick rred Collison, Jas Nt..... .......... Private Ganote. William J. ..... ......... Private Sand. Joseph H .... .......... Private H.story of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard COMPANY C GALIHSER, PAUL C . ................ Captain H Yte. OsTi N W. ................... First Lieutenant TRUMAN, LAURENCE ............. Second Lieutenant G.L.EIHER, Cl ARKSO. ................ First Sergeant HOLZKNECHT, JOHN ........ Quartermaster Sergeant BAITER, CHAS. F. ....... ......... Sergeant CRowz, RoBr. B. .................. Sergeant Cm.YEsgNS, Wm. M . .................. Sergeant DIxom, JAMES A. .......... ........ Musician ZIMMERMAN, EDWARD F .................. Artificer BLYSS, CYRtus H., JR. .................. Waggoner Watterson. Henry, Jr. Wright. Geo. D. Shephard, Edwin M. Truman, Reice W. Alves, Clinton B. Anderson, John E. Baird, Thos. H. Bean, Richard M. Barie, George R. Bowmer, William V. Bowmer, George H-1. Bronder, John C. Buchanan, 'hompso, Caldwell, Wm. E Carney, Thomas J. Casey, Herman Chapman, Novell P. Craddock, John Crawford, Wm. W.. Jr. Crockett, James J. Cnnmmins. Anderson Cureton, Leslie A. Curry, Wm. C. Daviess, Caldwell Dotson, Edward Dugan, Robert R. Autton, Claude D). Farman, Wm. A. Felts, George W. Frazier, James C. Gardener, Albert H. Corporals Hemig, Engene R. Crawford, Sherley M. Burdine, Dalton Mitchell, Edward Privates Green, Edward W. Green, Pierce B. Hall. Scott Hall, Ernest M. lallenberg. Robert Hampton, Ward Hancock, Norton Hanford, Robert H. Hays, George B. james, Thomas, Jr. Jones. Charles E. Jones, Clarence W. Kennedy, George A. Kinchloe, Lewis Long, Wade Lord. Frank K. McKinney. Frank Marstrand, Otto T. Meglemery. James R. Mercer, Claude Mills, Edward C. Miller, Leander Money, Ira C. Moore, Thomas B. Moore, Wm. A. Moorman, Henry D. H. Mlyer, Harry L. Discharged Slusher, Lee ........ Private Holhman, John E. Fstill, Reverdy V. W. Noland, Beverly W. Myers, Benjamin F. Nelson, John B. X\ock, Robert J. Parker, Charles E. Pearce, William B. Porter, Stephen Quarles, Emmett A. Riley, Albert T. Riley, Samuel H. Rucker, Oliver H. Ryan, Frank Ryan, James ). Senning, William A. Sheets, Benjamin F. Sheely, Robert J. Shepard, Washington T. Snyder, Hiram T. Spence, Harry L. Stevenson, John T. Stevens. Charles P. Still, Charles Stone, Liter Tinder, Richard Warden, John M. Warder, Joseph W. Jr: Watson, William R. Watterson Harvey Yandell, Lunsford P. ................ Private Transferred Rodman, Samuel S. ....... ........ Private Died Rawley, Harry M. ....... ........ Sergeant Cole, Marshall .... ........... Private Stone, Lee A . ........... Private Cox, Vincent T. ... ......... Private COMPANY D Let, GEO.e D. Captain JEmFERInS, Jon N 1 ................ First Lieutenant HAYDON, THOMAS I . ............ Second Lieutenant EDWARDS, FRAN K R ................. First Sergeant HALL, Louis V. ................. Sergeant Lewis, JAMES E ........ ........... Sergeant MADLINGC, ERNEST P. ................. Sergeant TOWNSON, JAMES W . ................... Sergeant HAZARD, HARRY .................... Color Sergeant CRANYA, ALEX M . ................... Musician SHWANKHOUt, WILLIAM .... ............. Musician BROWN, CHARLES W. ..................... Artificer DELPHs, JOHN W . ..................... Waggoner Painter, William C. Porter, Charles A. Bahn, William L. Murray, John W. Corporals Stanger, Edwin F. Atkinson, Thomas 0. Iewis, Hiram S. Ahlering, Walter Schmitt, Wm. C. Wittenauer, Phillip A. Weller, Louis Barnes, James H. Thirty.fosr History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard Baker, Anderson C. Barlow, Wim. F. Beckman, Joseph Bever, August F. Beyer, Andrew J. Brinley, Jacob G. Brittiny, John Bonta, John 0. Boersmin, Wm. Bywater, Wm. H. Carothers, Frank M. Clune, Charles W. Coulson, Wallace M. Daugherty, Wim. H. Denny, John H. Dusch, Joseph Figg. William I. Fleischer, Theodore Garr, Charles W. Gross, Emil V. Hardy, James G. Harting, George, Jr. Heffernan, John S. Hitchcock, Geo. P. Johnston, Charles F. Jones. Paul Kitzers, William COMPANY D-Continued Privates Krux, James W. I amker, Henry, Jr. La Ville. Hite W. Lazon, Fred Litaurney, Henry, Jr. Leonard, Charles L. Mable, Harry .Maydwell, Chas. P. Meglemery, Alonzo Miller. Chas. V. Million, Theo., Jr. Montgomery. Robt., Jr. Maydwell. Sam'l '. ; oore, Elliot C. 'McGuire, John McQues, Joseph Mc'Manaman, John D. Nelson, J. Hays Newman, Frederick J. O'Brien, Thomas Ogden, Ltum Parlier, Oliver A. Politz, Charles Ratliff, Charles 1. Righton, Edward P. Robertson. William Robinson, Thomas Transferred Ackley, Andy I ............. Died Rothfuss, John G. Schrader, Frank G Schuchard, George A. Stebler, Emil A. Stenfie. George Stout, George W. Talbott, Thomas M. Talbott, Robert A. Talbott. William F. Thomas. Frank G. Thomas, Curtis S. Tuscherer. Thomas Vaughn. Emmet I. Voss, Herman Walker, John M. Walters Jesse W. Walters Willis N. Walters. Perry Washer, Frank Mr. Washer Lester E. WVathen. Joseph C. Watson. John F. Williams. Joseph C. Wolf, Joseph W. Wrocklage, Joseph Yates, Jesse G. ............ Private Reynolds, Frank ................... First Sergeant Amyx, Hluston S. .......................... Private Simons, Joseph I,..... ......... Private Total ............. 109 COMPANY E COLSTON. WIllIAM A . ................... Captain CONWAY, TAmES H . ................ First Lieutenant LAWSoN, HENRY M . ............. Second Lieutenant NELSON, WJI.LIAM G . ................ First Sergeant BARNES. ETHFI.BERT ................... Sergeant DALY, FREDERICK E. ................... Sergeant PASH, DENT S . ................... Sergeant MICILVANE. FRANK W . ................ Sergeant RYA.N, JAMES .............. Quartermaster Sergeant CLARK, EDWARD N. ........M........ Musician RLTHArT, MOXIE .. ................ Musician Coy, MosEs .... ............ Artificer YOUNG, JOHN M. ................ Waggoner Steinberg. Mantmel Kellond, Frederick G. Harris, Robt. E. L. Vaughn, Harry S. Andere-"' Gottlieb Bater, Joseph Bennett, Ira Block, Joseph T. Bonta, Lee F. Buchanan, Jerry M. Buickle, Jacob C. Carter, Winfort Cook, Claude W. Corbin, Samuel P. Connley, James W. Coulston, Rudy Davis, Edgar J. Donovan, James Corporals Hopkins, George E. Watson, John W. Strother, Oliver Privates Dowdy. James T. Ecker, Edward P. Edwards, Wm. H. Englebur, Wm. H. Fetter, Henry 1oulton, Thomas W. Fernow, Frederick F. Ficener, Henry Fvrcell. Alber B. Gaggas, Edward W. Gambrall, John F. E. Goodbub, Edward G. Goodlen, Eugene A Gray, Wallace R. Kendall, English P-ell, Theodore S. Coleman, Jas. B. T. Greenbaum, Jake Grumme, Joseph Hertes, Louis G. Hammond, John A. Hudson, John C. Huffaker, John W. Hume, William R. Keith, William B. Kellon, Albert G. W. Kinnaird, Austin B. Kleinkanz, Alexander Knight. Vollie Lindenberger, Chas. Lindeman, Lewis Thirty-ive History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard COMPANY E-Privates-Cotinued Locke, Harry H. Lyons, William B. Magner, George A. .Mlayfield, Herman Miller, George J. Morgan, Harry B. Mung, Harry Nolan, James O'Neil, Thomas Page. fames R. rowers, Charles Radford, Wm 0. Ratcliffe, John L. Rigsby, James F. Randolph, Wm. G. Rigsh- James F. Rneff, Louis Shulten, John J. Shaw, William R. Shepherd, William Stewart, Harry Simmons, Richard H. Discharged Bennett, Frederick E. T-a Brinkley, Miles F. ..... ......... Private Peoples, James K. ..... ......... Private Reynolds, Robt. A . ..... ......... Private Aekerville, Joseph ..... ......... Private Hook, Frank F. .... .......... Private Stone, Charles S. Snead, Frank F. Thompson, Robert J. Walters, Frank W. Wellman, Richard Wood, Thomas L Wood, John H. Yates, Claude Zetdmaier, Charles Pash, Robert F. snsferred Settles. James S. ...................... Private Thompson, Charles S. ..................... Private Died Johnson. larry P ...................... Private Parsons. I frace S. ...................... Private Deserted Stetson, Lewellyn (not a Kentuckian) ....... Private Total . ............................ 110 COMPA!P LINpsEY. H. W.ATSON .......... ....... Captain FRIEtDNHBEimE, CARY ............. First Lieutenant I HICKMAN, Exacit R . ............ Second Lieutenant flturga, ALEx .................... First Sergeant SEATON, HARRY W. .................. Sergeant PIL.sND, CHARLEs A. ..................... Sergeant Friedenheimer, Fred Hennings, Louis W. Elmer, Knapp I.indsey, Edward J. Alram, William Applegate, Henry L Baker, (George G. Basse, Lanchin Bell, William A. Bywater, Joseph Briggs, Andrew J. Banks, Charles H. Bache, George W. Bugs, Frank J. Beavens, Geo. W. Cain, Robert Carson, Arthur Casler, Ollie S. Casler, Smith Clausen, John H. Collins, Benjamin Condit, Colvin D. Cralle, Clarence Cimley, Benjamin Crouch, Benjamin Downing, Richer Ellis, Marvin Fonts, Davis l. Heron, Christopher J. 4eckney, John Hopewell, Frank Hoertel, August MC!MAHIN, JoHN A. ................ Sergeant RoGas, WILLIAM A. .. ................ Sergeant MALONEY, JOSEPH P . ........ Quartermaster Sergeant SHFPPgLMAN, OSCAR ................ Musician GILEsMR WILLIAM ........ ........ Waggoner Corporals Sleiger, Albert Panker, CGeorge Miller, Otto Myers, Boyd F. Privates Hise. Clarence Henderson, Albert "afendorfer, Conrad C. Homire. John, Jr. Koestel, Louis Knobloch, Chris W. Koop, Chas. L. Koop, Christian A. Knobelkamp, Chas. H. Lnicas, James C. Lindall, Arthur Mattingly, Cha. J. Novel, Jas. S. Merriwether, )as. A. Metcalf, Harry B. Mitchell. L W. Meyer. John B. McDermott, Thos. J. Metcalf, Walter E Neff, Eugene Neil. William Naughton, James Northcutt, John W. Owen, Edwin P. Payton, Roy H. Pearce, Wm. Pinkston, Geo. N. Putnam, Geo. F. Snyder, George Garrity. James F. Bonn, Wm. F. White, James T. Porter, Lee Reichenback, Herman Riddell, Chas. L., Jr. Rochi, Chas. E. Rodman, Thos. Ross, Wm. Russell, David Rogers. Chas. B. Sauer, Geo. P. nnuck, Edw. 1.. Schoofield. Stephen Shepard, Herbert Smith, Howard P. Steele, Cnthbert G. Sani, Paul Tinsley, Orville Trouth, August N. Tharpe, Edward C. Varble, Jos. H. Waldrop, W. L. Welch, Wm. West, Fred White, G. C. Wilkinson, Simon Withers, Barker Ward, Chas. W. Zapf, Wn. Zubrod, Robt. T. Thirrfyms History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard COMPANY F-Continued Transferred IMulloy, John D. .... ......... Private Cameron, Lorenzo .... ......... Private COMPANY G SOHAN, J1(. M .................... Captain DFx.SvN,;, GE). F ......................... Sergeant BOWMAN, Geo. S. ................. First Lieutenant ALBERT. G'-). W. .. . ........................ Sergeant JOHNSTON, ALBERT SIDoEV . Second Lieutenant BAILKY, W..LR A. Quartermaster Sergeant ICICOLAS. EDWIN L ............. First Sergeant Cave, Wm. Finley, Edw. C. Forcht, Mahlon Reynolds, R. S. Bacigalupi, Frank Barrett, John J. Barrett, Martin Becker, Charles L. Bierhaum, Albert H. Bischoff, Charles Povd, Joseph A. Blackburn, Claude Bradley. James P. Clannon, Charles L. Connelly, Michael Corrigan, James Cox, Charles Chapman, James T. Clark, Charles Craig, Charles F. Eberling, Chas. W. Elders, John E. Edwards, Eugene Edwards, Thomas T. Ftherton, Wm. J. Finley, Wm. M. Flynn, Thomas Cherring, Chas. C. Graham, English Gillock, Edward P. Harpering, John Ccrporals Spangler, John D. Offntt, John T. Schaeffer, Wm. F. Kilty, lennis J. Privates Hawkins, Byron llenslee, Clyde Kilty, Martin Kutzleb, Paul Krebs, Joseph Ladler, Edward J. Lewis, Henry P. Lighter, George A. Lincoln. John P. Littlehale, Joseph R. Mahoney, John H. Mayfield, Pleasey E. Miles, Andrew J. Miller, Anthony J. Minch, Edward G. Moore, Lowrey L Murphy, James W. McClinty, Bailey McDermott, Henry F. McGee, Samuel !MleGinty, Robert G. McKenzie, Thomas O'Brien, John O'Brien, John A. Offutt, Andrew J. Potts, Charles K. Discharged Schmidt, Frank .... ......... Private Dewey, A. R. Paine, Chas. H., Jr. Spangler, Wm. 1. Purcell, William S. Prebble, Samuel Ramsey. Geo. F. Ridge, Michael J. Riley, Joseph S. Robinson, Virgil Saul, John Sanford, Bourbon C. Sanford, John 0. Seidell, John Sinbritzke, Rudolph Schomberg, Henry J. Schultheis. George Schwarzer Shanks, Charles Shaw, William R. Spencer, Charles Sprigg, Claude J. Stein, Joseph Stratton, Ceo. L. Urell, Patrick J. Velten, John J. Walsh, Joseph F. Weir. John E. Wiersch, John P. Wolf. Arthur t-olinger, Joinl .......................... Corporal Transferred Hardin. Frank F............ Private Kirk, William R ... ......... Private Parker, Edward ... ......... Private Died Sachre, Joseph P ............ Private WValter, Wm. H. ........... Private Butler, George C . . .......... Private Haskell, Edward F .Private Hless. David.. .. ... Private Total ........ l0 COW LES. JOHN H. ..................... Captain MORRIS. WALLACE W . ............. First Lieutenant IHAeRWIcK, FREDERICK . ......... Second Lieutenant 'MCCOMB, JEsse C . ................... First Sergeant BRUCKER, JAMes R . ........ Quartermaster Sergeant STRATroN, DO.N C. ................... Sergeant Hoeppner, Rudolph A. Santer, Daniel L. Hallenberg, Adolph Macley, Stewart N. WPANY H D)OVER. JOSH EUA S. Sergeant COWLES, Euc.ENe ............. Sergeant RILEY, TePLE D .Sergeant BULTLER, CHARLES T. . Musician RANKIE. ROBERT C. Artificer BRADBURY, BASIL E .Waggoner Ccrporals Middleton, Thos. P. Barrett. John G. Hall, George C. Vance, William A. Crouch, Isaac S. Logan. Horace F. Meffert. Clarence H. Mayhall, Humphrey Thir1,y-ses History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard Baggott, George T. Bennett, Wilton L Pillings, Henry C. Briel, Louis H. Bronson, Albert W. Prowder, George T. Brown, Levin S. Brown, Phillip M1. Burns, Walter N. Cook, Henry C. Dentler, Fritz Donehoo, Charles Ewing, Henry Finley, David D. Fitzgerald, Patrick J i'ranck, Frederick Frick, Phillip Gracey, Charles L. Grossman. Ernest J. H!awkins, Forcet W. Headley, Percy C. Hebel, Charles A. Hood. John J. Isert, John S. Johnson, Charles Jolly, Earl D. COMPANY H-Continued Privates Kaster, Lee Kent, William W. King, George T. King, William L. Koeltz, Louis J. Lampton, Benjamin L La Rocque, Lawrence Le Compte, John L. Lockwood, James R. Logsdon, Ambrose J. Maas, Herman Martin, Edward B. Maxey, John G. McComb, Frank T. McGill David T. McJenkins, Edward T. McKay. Donald P. Meadows, Win. H. Meffert, E. Milton Miller, Frank 1) Miller, 1 hos. A. Montgomery, Eugene M. Morat, Joseph A. Mosir, John F., Jr. 'lurphy. Charles 'M. Nelson, James T. Transferred Paine, Harry M. Rankin, Roy B. Reed. Elmer G. Rogers, Gerbert M. Rush, Lawrence Sale, George Salender, Andrew J. Schrader. John H. Schultz, Edward J. Siefker, Lucas Slemons, Gus D. Smith, Robert B. Spillman, Wm. F. Spran, Geo. T. Starck, Charles F. Story, George R. Studer, Albert Thomas, Joseph '. Thomas, Wm. K. Urguhart, Frank Welch, Lawrence West, McClelland 0. Whitlow, Pleasant J. Wood, Robert Zabel, Edward F. Onderdonk, Wm. A .............. Private Discharged Bradas, Elbin .... .......... Private Died Dean. Stonewall J ............... Private Total.............. 104 COMPANY I Ti MtiLE, VoLA G. ....... ......... Captain M1o1soW, CHAS. H. ................ First Lieutenant LOGAN. V. G ................ Second Lieutenant McIoa'Aw, BARNtE L ............... First Sergeant MULI-A Nts, THOMAS .. ................ Sergeant COLYER. PERRY N................ Sergeant Newport, Joseph M. Gragg, Chas. P. Cundiff, Edwin B. Owens, William 0. Abbott, Walter C. Baker, Elias H. Baugh. Everett Piley, Andrew, Jr. Brincklev, Miles F. Botmmett, Hayes i'urton, Elihn Burton, George K. Burton, Montgomery S. Busch, Charles H. Campbell, Wm. F. Carter, Odie Clark, Newell F. Collins, William H. Cundiff, Benjamin Corpor Jackson. Willib Holmes, Olivei Fowler, Harry Tanner, Mario Privat Day. Clifford I Durham, King Fmmick, Charl Farmer. John Floyd, Loren I Ford, Elihu Foster, Dock I Freeman, And Gann, Herbert Garrett, Georg Goodpaster, P; Gragg. Ottis Gray, Frank F Hall. M. Hall, James A KENiNEDY, THOMAS S . ................ Sergeant THOMAS, OWEN W . ................ Sergeant Lovi, JOsEPH 'M.. ........... Quartermaster Sergeant BARRON, RoswRT Mr . ......... ....... Musician JACKSON, WILLIAM .......... ...... Waggoner WATSON, LINDSAY ................ Artificer ra's im R Waddle, Henry (G. 0r. Shandoon. James H. L. Jones, josh on T. -May, Joseph G. H. H-all, Wm. F. Ham, George M. les Hamilton. Daniel P. F. Hausche. Wm. T Hardgrove. Andrew Hasgis, George T. C. Hartgrove, John 'M. erson Haynes, John H. C. Haynes, Albert T. e C. Happer, Wm. C. kill Hines, Joseph Howell, Rutherford H. Jones, Reuben 0. Karns, George W. Keith, Snode Thirny-eight History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard COMPANY 1-Privates-Continued Kissell, Gustave Lester, William L. Logan, Zeno G. Loveless, Willis G. Marcum, Thomas L. . fassengall, James McGahan, Roland Miercer, Walter 0. Newport, Elswick W. Patterson, Chas. Phelpis, Quals Reid, William, Jr. Roberts, John Sandifer, Samuel R Schneider, Andrew Shadoan, John Shadoni, Dennie P. Solomon, George Staples, Joseph E. Stewart, James F. Stringer, Granville E- Tarter. Marion Tatt, John R. Thompson, John P. Trusty, William R. Turper, Joseph D. Underwood, John X'. Vanhook, John 'M. Webb, George Zachary, Charles F. Resigned Campbell, William A . ............. First Lieutenant Died Davis, George B. .... ........ Corporal Anderson, Wm. IF ............ Private Farmer. Frank W. S . ...................... Private Reffett, Henry ..... .......... Private COMPANY K FARREIL. II'INJAAIIX A . ................... Captain REc.. WILLIAM 0 . ................. First Lieutenant TwYNIMA. WILFORD .............. Second Lieutenant FoRD, FRANCIS C. ................... First Sergeant MAuTER. CtAUtnF A . ................... Sergeant METZGcER, CHARLES ................... Sergeant Cc Cutler, Wm. E. Maynard, Farrell, Chester W. Johnson,' Clements, J. Reginald Hammer, Connor, Benj. B. Cowan, C GOEPPER, WILLIAM ........ ........ Sergeant CORRIGAN. THOMAS S. ................ Sergeant a:TULTZ. RoBT. L. ........... Quartermaster-Sergeant MONCHMAN., Ro-r. J . ................ Musician McELRoY. ElsiurN-D D .D...................... Musician wrporals Monta B. William H. ,William harles G. Shade, Charles D. Pfeister, Henry Haddow, Daniel J. Alphin, James A. Anderson, Wm. W. Andy, Henry Baird, Samuel T. Baker, Charles PBocook, James A. Blythe, Ivan J. Hrandenbutrg, Tohn C. Cain, Emmet Casey, Robert Castleman, Wm. D. Cloyd, James C. Colvin, Daniel Boone Curry, Norman W. Denson, Harry Devan, Ephraim, Jr. Dunn, Samuel T. Faulkner, James E. Finnie, David T. Graven, Ernest Gray, Horace J. Hamilton, James R. Hamilton, Wilber D. Harris, George A. Hart, Joseph Hasson, Haary E. Privrates i-eitleuf, Frederick Herman, Wm. G. Hilyerd, Wm. I rmscher, Burres Jamison, Roy L. Keenan, Edward Kelsey, Hiram E. King, Subrey R. Knight, Charles Krider, Albert Leebolt, Butler J. Lockman, Wolf Long, Hugh E. Lundy, Andrew J. Mann, Morth Matthews, William Montague, Andre Montgomery, Samuel W. Moore, Frank C. Murphy, John H. McGrath, Frank McGuire, Lee S Cave, James E. Neal. John A. N eff, Matt Noble. George Discharged Panter, like Poppe, Louis J. Queen, Harry 1). Queeas Sidney Orkies, Joseph Rourke, Frank Ryan, Elisha Scott, William E. Siderman, Herman Shelton, Joseph Simms, Thomas B. Simpkins, Arch Skaggs, James Snowden, Wallin Stehle. Harry W. Sticle, Jacob F. Stinson, Edwin M. Stark, William M. Thompson, Charles B. Twyman, Leslie Vincent, John W. Wachtel, Martin I.. Walker, Wm. R Wiley, August ST. Wilson, James B. White, George Reno, George A. ..... ......... Private Sneadman, Charles . ............. Private 7 hirty-.ine Snyder. Robert B ............. Private Sutterfield ... ......... Private History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard COMPANY K-Continued Died Krell, Harry C. ......................... Sergeant Hanlon, Pete .............................. Private Brooks, Jesse M. .......................... Private Transferred Vaughan, Fdward -. ...................... Private Deserted Batter, Joseph .. ........ Private COMPANY L CARR, RICHARD S. ...... .......... Captain KORS, JOHN, JR .. ............. First Lieutenant TRIi.m. JOSEPH R . ............. Second Lieutenant WAII.LACE RowS. E. ................ First Sergeant PICK1INt, WILLIAM S . ................ Sergeant BRtucE, JEREMIAH............... Sergeant Ross. FRAN K F. ...... .......... Sergeant Schump, Henry F. Wood, John K. Osten, Hiram E. Bush, Isaac W. Adams, Alonzo L. Anderson, Robert L. Appleton, Charles H. Boyes, Wiliam R. Blair, Jacob C. Bowling, Stewart Brewer, James A. Bromley, John B. Case. Frank P. Cassell, Henry Clagg, Henry Clark, George W. Colbert, Archibald Collins. WVilliam C. Dials, Andrew J. Elam, Robt. A. E-arl, James R. Elam, Wirt Fowler, James A. Fowler, John Friley, Robt. Godman, John B. Goulet. Louety Hale. Porter Hall, William W. Haller, Charles W. Hamilton, Alexander Corpor. Sutton, Frank Porter, Samuel Sparks, Wm F Alexander, Joh Private Heisler, Edwaf Hollingsworth, Horn, William Hutchinson, W Hyden, George Johnson, Warr Jones, Samuel Keglet. Henry Kelley, John Kiser, John W. Kogs, George I Kouns, Willianf Krierg, James Lady, Cleonel Lambert, John Lehman, Charl. Leibee, David Leonard, Claud Martin, DiWiar Miller, Henry I .Milstead. Charl McCoy, Landoi Nichols, Hugh Ogden, Alexan. Pelfrey, Gidecn Pierce, Frank HILL, SCIHUYLER C. .......... ....... Sergeant PHILLIPS, GrEOG ....... .......... Sergeant RICHARDS, JAMES V. . ................. Artificer Docirrv, ROBERT C. .................. Musician BARTON, HA1 Y ....... .......... Musician KAHN, Hpound;NRY ................. Waggoner sis E. Pfeiffer, Charles F. W Webb, Myrton Flisser, Bambridge n M. Waits, Charles K. Price, Henry F. Charles Price, John R. Provence, James R illiam Riggs, Roscoe W. Robb, Francis J. en F. Robb, Samuel E. F. F. Rohr, Jacob J. Sellards, Geo. B. Sims, George ;Skaggs, Emory J. H. Skaggs, George I Smith, Harry D. M!. Smith, Lute E. C. Smith, Wittian T. H. Stewart, Robert es V. Sullivan, Dennis Urban, Jacob K K Vankoose, John Wallace, Peter Wechster, Edmund C. es E. Wheeler, Beni. F. I Wheeler, John W. Wilburn, Richard Ider F. Williams, Pleasant H. Womack, Louis P. A.. Young, Frank W. Died John W. Jones ... ........ Private COMPANY M DFFuIAK, FREDERICK R., JR ............... Captain SHUC.H4AFnR, ISADORE L. ........... First Lieutenant CARRELL. DANIpound;E. ............... Second Lieutenant CONN. FREDXRICK ................... First Sergeant SANDERS, Wm. F . ...................... Sergeant CARRELL, IMATTHMw C. .................... Sergeant Ngwcons EowARD C. .................... Sergeant HosM, EDWARD M. ........ ........ Sergeant DONAHUE, JoHN ........... Quartermaster Sergeant McHucH, JOSEPH M. ................ Musician At-.gs. BERNARn D. .......... M...... Musician DOLAN. CHARLES ... .............. Waggoner Dgeiw, THOMAS ...... .......... Artificer Armstrong. Albert N. Dannenbauer, Geo. M. Hiner, Robt. 11. Lewis, Richard H. Corporals Meister, Frederick Robinson, Urban Smith, Lindsey H. Utterback, Beni. D. Watts, Charles J. Beale, Shirley Gorham, Thorton Feet, History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard Allen, Robert Al. Anderson, John 0. Arnold, James Briggs, Ossia Campbell, Percy T. Carskaden, Earl V. Cashman, William, Jr. Christianson, John Clark, Frank S. Cochran, Muir L ('oleman, John W. Coleman, Matthew Cunningham, Harry C. Duncan, Matthew Ewald, Emile Feehani, Jerry A. Fisher, Chas. E. l orbes, Edgar A. Gosson, Gustave Cray, John D. Grayson. Alfred Gross, Charles P. Hanks, Charles T. ilarhold, Pillock Harrod, Bourbon MI. lilger, Henry J. COMPANY M-Continued Privates Hilton, Charles -lagdland, Joseph C. lHlopkins, David, Jr. Hauchin, Ira Housch, David Isaacs, George Johnson, Richard B. Kallies, Henry Kick, Thomas S. Kerr, Wm. S. Klotter, George W. Lackmann, Benjamit Lancaster, Robert L, Lion, Richard L1 Lochner, William J. Lastetter, Andrew Lusk, Everett E. .McAtee, Robert McDonald, Howard Mcintyre, Wm. E. McRee, James L Meyer, August W Middleton, Pear L. Miller, James Al. :Mliller, Rudolph Milton, Naphen B. Discharged Kohler. Joseph F ........... Private Moproc, Walters P IMoore, Edward l. Paris, James H. Parsons, John T. Pedigo, Clarence E. Ienz, Otto Ringswald, Ben. J. Roeder, Hiram Roth, Jasper Ryan, James S. Sands, Frank E. Schultes, Theo. Seymore, Michael J. Shrader, Isaac Simpson, Norman Smith, Charles T. Steerer, Charles Stockhoff, Wm. Spanswick. Frank Temple, Joseph WV. Tol.be, Joseph Wilber, Benjamin White, William L. William, Chas. F. Zickel, Jacob J. Marney, William J. ..... ......... Private Transferred Bauers, John ... ......... Private Carlin, Henry H. . ....... Private Cloud, William R. .... ......... Privat,- Douchir, John P ............. Private Died Clore, Richard.......... Private Ott. George L........ ..................... Private Forty--ne History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National GuarJ' CHAPTER V. THE GOEBEL-TAYLOR TROUBLES. HE re-organized regiment, although having no real bhome of its own, the Seventh-street Armory having been leased, managed to secure temporary quarters at 637 West Main Street, and it was while matters were in this undesirable state that the local militia underwent some of its most strenuous service. This was in the years of 1899 and 1900, during the most tempestuous years in Kentucky's political history-that period in which oc- curred the fierce Coebel-Taylor-Brown campaign and election, fol- lowed by the cowardly assassination of Gov. William Goebel at Frankfort and culminating with the mustering out of the regiment in November, 1900. Without going into the more or less familiar contemporary political history of the period and the causes leading up to the elec- tion troubles, it may be sufficient to devote these pages to the ac- tivities of the First Regiment alone. So warm had politics grown in November, 1899, that many business men petitioned Gov. W. 0. Bradley to take precautions by having a sufficient number of sol- diers on dutv at the Armory to prevent loss of life or destruction of property on election day, November 7th. Part of the regiment, therefore, numbering 276 men, rank and file, under command of Col. C. C. Mengel, were ordered by the Gov ernor to assemble at the Armory. The men remained on duty from early morning until 11:30 o'clock that night, and about ninety men went on detail service under Col. Mengel at 7 o'clock that evening. The detail was ordered out by Gov. Bradley, who was then in this city, in order to see that mandatory injunctions of the Jefferson Circuit Court, enjoining the municipal election officers to see that inspectors representing Gov. John Young Brown and \W. S. Taylor were admitted to the polls, were carried out. Most of the polls were closed when the soldiers visited them. It was after the inauguration of Gov. Tavlor and while the tur- Firtv-tsc, w I COL. C C MENGEL c.mmd-g Othf., 1899,9". F-kotth-,r History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard bulent contest was going on in the Legislature that William Goebel was assassinated on January 30, 1900. Gov. Taylor immediately ordered the militia on duty to preserve order and suppress possible riots. The Frankfort companies at once took charge of the Capitol square, and the First Regiment, from Louisville, under command of Col. Mengel, arrived in the capital at 9 o'clock that night. That night Gov. Taylor issued a proclamation adjourning the General Assembly to meet at London, Laurel County, on Tuesday, February 6th, because "a state of insurrection now prevails in the State of Kentucky, especially in Frankfort." Legislators the next morning went to the State House and a few at a time were allowed to pass armed sentinels at the doorway. Inside they were handed copies of the Governor's proclamation. South Trimble, Speaker of the House, moved to adjourn to the City Hall, but at that building they found Capt. Austin Hyde, of the Louisville regiment, with a detachment drawn across the pavement to prevent a meeting at that place. It was then suggested that the Legislature, or the Democratic members thereof, meet in the ball-room of the Capitol Hotel. Com - pany D, of the First Regiment, commanded by Capt. John L. Jef- fries, and detachments from the other various companies in charge of Gen. Collier and Lieut. Col. Gray, already had arrived at the hotel. The Adjutant General immediately notified the manage- ment of the hotel that if any attempt were made to meet there, the troops would take charge of the place. Another attempt wvas made to meet at the Opera House, but Company K, with charged bayonets, held back the crowd, some of whom were making demonstrations. Gen. Collier and troops un- der Lieut. Col. Gray then drew up in front of the Court House, diagonally across the street from the Opera House, where Speaker Trimble in vain endeavored to assemble with the other Democratic nmembers. The members then adjourned subject to Speaker Trim- ble's call. Finally a quorum of the Legislature was gathered together, and the report of the Contest Committee adopted, declaring Will- iam Goebel and J. C. W. Beckham elected Governor and Lieutenant FCriof!e History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard Governor. Mr. Goebel was on his death-bed, but Chief Justice Hazelrigg administered the oath of office, as he weakly held up his right hand. Gov. Goebel's first official act was to issue a proclamation on January 31st commanding the First and Second Regiments "to re- turn to their homes and several avocations and there remain until lawfully called into service again." Gov. Taylor, however, did not leave the executive mansion, and a strong guard was thrown around the official residence. The commanding officers of the First and Second Regiments, iiot believing that the Legislature had properly met and adopted the Contest Committee's report, decided to recognize the authority of Gov. Taylor, and the guard around the State House was doubled in strength. It was decided not to prevent the Democratic legisla- tors from meeting anywhere except at the State House. Speaker rrimble and his followers attempted to meet there, but, although permitted by Sergeant-Major Robert L. Harris and sentinels to enter the grounds, they were forbidden to enter by Capt. Horace J. Cochran and his command from Maysville, under orders of the Ad- jutant General. Gov. Goebel died at 6:40 o'clock on the evening of Saturday, February 3rd, four days after he was shot. Within an hour after his death. Gov. Beckham was sworn in. Upon assuming the duties of office, he issued an order appointing Gen. John B. Castleman, of Louisville, Adjutant General of the State of Kentucky. On February 10th the situation as to whether he should re- main in office or resign not having been settled, Gov. Taylor issued an order relieving all the militia except about 200 men. The First Regiment returned to Louisville Sunday, February 11th, arriving at the Armorv about 3:30 o'clock. Prior to this the Democratic members of the Legislature had been meeting in Louisville, in the Jefferson County Court House, declaring themselves to be in fear of returning to Frankfort, lest they be arrested. While suits and counter-suits were filed by both Republicans and Democrats and the situation still was disturbed, Gov. Beck- ham, on March 22nd, called into service that part of the militia k n-Yve History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky Natio.nal Guard which recognized his and Adjt. Gen. Castleman's authority. This militia formed part of the Second Regiment, and it was on duty at Frankfort. Adjt. Gen. Collier, in the meanwhile, continued to act under Gov. Taylor's orders. Confronting each other, within short rifle range, were two small armies. The soldiers of the opposing factions frequently met on the street, vet, fortunately, there was no disorder. Finally the contest case, which was appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States, was decided by that highest judicial body in favor of Gov. Beckham on Mlay 21,1900. Gov. Taylor and Gov. Beckham both awaited the decision at Louisville, and the next day Gov. Tavlor ordered Adjt. Gen. Collier to dismiss the militia on guard at the State House and to surrender his office to Adit Gen. Castleman. Gen. Castleman had accepted Gov. Beckham's appointment with the express understanding that he would be allowed to retire whenever conditions became more settled. Accordingly, on No- vember 1. 1900, he tendered his resignation, became Adjutant Gen- eral, and subsequently Gen. Percy Haly was named his assistant. Shortly after the return of the First Regiment from Frankfort, Col. eIengel resigned because of pressure of business At an elec- tion subsequently held, under orders from the then Adjutant Gen- eral, D. R. Collier, to fill the vacancy, Lieut. Col. David W. Gray was chosen Colonel and Maj. Morris B. Gifford, of the First Bat- talion, was named Lieutenant Colonel. Following the mustering out of of various companies of the Second Regiment, the First Regiment was disbanded on Novem- ber 27, 1900, by Gov. Beckham, who sent Lieut. Col. Jouett Henry, of the Third Regiment, K. S. G.. here as mustering officer. Com- panies A, B, C, D, E, F, H, and K were mustered out. On Decem- ber 15th Companies B at Frankfort and 1L at Lexington also were mustered out. rorak,-r History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard CHAPTER VI. SERVICE IN BREATHITT COUNTY. LTHOUGH the First Regiment had been mustered t X g l S out. there were equipment, rifles, guns and supplies still sufficient to man an entire body of troops. For, while the Goehel-Taylor contest was raging and the soldiers still occupied the State House grounds, the Democratic Legislature passed a resolution appro- priating 10,000 to be expended for 1,000 Winchester rifles, four Hotchkiss rapid-fire guns, ammunition, clothing, blankets, etc. To man these Hotchkiss guns, Battery A, Capt. John H. Mansir com- manding, was organized in Louisville. The late Maj. Mansir had served for a long time as Captain of "Old Battery A," later Com- pany M, First Kentucky Volunteer Infantry, and was Major of the Second Battalion of the Louisville Legion at the time of the out- break of the war with Spain. With Battery B at Lexington, Battery A formed the Artillery Battalion, of which Capt. Mtansir was chosen Major. In December, 1901, however, Battery B. at Lexington, was mustered out and Battery B, at Louisville, organized, Capt. Jesse McComb com- manding. This battery was equipped with Winchester rifles only. The Artillerv Drum and Trumpet Corps was organized here at the same time, under the leadership of Capt. Leonard Matlack. On February 7, 1903, Battery C was organized, and Capt. J. Reginald Clements appointed its head. It was Battery C and the Drum Trumpet Corps which attended the Louisiana Purchase Exposi- tion at St. Louis from April 29 to May 2, 1904. On May 5, 1903, James B. Marcum was shot down in the door of the Court House at Jackson, Breathitt County. He was another victim of that feud which raged so long and fiercely in the moun- tain county and which had given the State so terrible a name. Some thirty killings had occurred in the year just preceding. But it re- mained for this last atrocity to turn the eyes of the world toward the lawless community, and Judge D. B. Redwine called a special J'irty-seen I History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard term of court to convene on May 25th for the purpose of investigat- ing the assassination of Dr. B. D. Cox, Jim Cockrell and' J. B. Mar- cum. Gov. Beckham called Judge Redwine into consultation at Frankfort on May 22nd, and it was decided to send troops to Jack- son to aid in preserving peace and protecting witnesses. Col. Roger D. Williams, of the Second Regiment, with 100 men, and Maj. John H. Mansir, with a battery of fort. men and a Gatling gun, were ordered to report at Jackson: The soldiers left on May 24th, Capt. Hal Griffith, of Battery A, commanding the Gatling gun detachment, and Capt. Clements the Hotchkiss gun detachment. When court convened the next day, a squad of soldiers was sent to Winchester after the prisoner, Curt Jett, who was accused of the murder of Marcum. The Gatling gun battery was stationed in the Court House yard. For the first ten days of the session of court, the soldiers were almost continually on duty. On May 26th Capt. Griffith and a squad of men were sent into the mountains to arrest Tom White. Louisville soldiers composed this detail, and they were accompanied by two Breathitt County men, who acted as guides. They located White at the home of his mother and immediately surrounded the house. White surrendered and was forced to mount in front of Sergt. Bond on horseback. White was placed in jail with Curt Jett. The next day reports were rife that an attempt would be made to storm the jail and rescue the prisoners. It was reported that mountaineers has come into town singly and in pairs and were as- sembling in force for an attack that night. The militia guard was doubled. There was a false alarm that night, one alleged prowler having been fired upon, and a stray cow was killed, in the mistaken belief that it was a rider on horseback, but the night passed without other disturbance. On the morning of May 28th every man who entered the court- ioom was searched for weapons by the soldiers. The soldiers also had it as their duty to guard and keep a close watch on the jurors. Another bit of duty was that of fighting a fire in the home of Capt. B. J. Ewen on the morning of May 14th. The blaze, which de- Fer-.igl I I History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard stroyed the beautiful home, was believed to have been of incendiary origin. Capt. Ewen had been a witness against the prisoners. Finally the Jett-White trial at Jackson came to an end with a hung jury, and Judge Redwine immediately issued an order trans- ferring the case to Harrison County. Second Regiment troops, for the most part, were on duty at Cynthiana. The main body of troops were withdrawn from Jackson on August 21st, more than two months after both Jett and White had been convicted, but a provost guard of twenty-five men, under Capt. Longmire remained on duty until withdrawn by the Governor on December 3rd, con- cluding a service of six months and ten days. It was also during this year that Maj. Nelson J. Edwards was ordered to Maysville, on June 15th, with 150 men, including a de- tachment of artillery from Louisville, to protect three negroes charged with robbery and attempted murder, from mob violence during the trial. The soldiers remained there five days. By this time the Dick Bill, establishing the National Guard, had been passed by Congress in 1903, maneuvers were held at West Point, KY., in which the Artillery Battalion under Maj. Mansir, acting as infantry, together with all the Kentucky State Guard, participated. The maneuvers began September 28th and contin- ued until October 16th. The soldiers of the regular United States Army alone took the field until October 1st, when the State troops took part, engaging in the sham battles until October 10th. This great encampment probably did more to aid in the military educa- tion of the Kentucky troops than any other duty in which the men had heretofore engaged. It also served to increase greatly the gen- eral interest in the State Guard. History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National G.ua' CHAPTER XVII. REORGANIZATION AND THE NEW ARMORY. lN March, 1904, a bill was passed by the Legislature, X after the officers of the Artillery Battalion and the Adjutant General and staff had repeatedly waited upon the Governor, requiring the Jefferson County Fiscal Court to provide, at the cost of the county, an armory for the soldiers. Plans were laid for the erection of the present building, at a cost of 450,000. Gov. Beckham. in the meantime, had been desirous that the First Regiment, mustered out in November, 1900, should be re- organized in Louisville. and as soon as the new Armory became an assured fact, he selected Biscoe Hindman for that work. While the new Armorv was in course of construction, Mr. Hindman was working assiduously for the organization of his regiment. On April 9, 1904, Companies A and F were mustered into the service of the State. with Neville S. Bullitt and Wallace M. Morris, Cap- tains. Company E nwas mustered in on April 18th, and Dan Carrell elected Captain. Capt. Clarence L. Grinstead and Capt. John J. Saunders were made the heads of Companies B and [), respective- ly, which were mustered in on May 18th. All of these leaders had seen service, either in the Artillery Battalion or in the Spanish- American War. Company C, one of the crack companies of the regiment, each man being not less than five feet ten inches tall, was mustered in on May 25th, and Capt. Harry F;. Mlechling headed it. All the soldiers were members of the Y. M. C. A., and Capt. Mech- ling was physical director of that institution. Companies A, B and C were designated as the First Battalion, and John C. Davidson elected Major. Companies D, E and F were made the Second Battalion, headed by H. Watson Lindsey. Biscoe Hindman was made Colonel by Gov. Beckham and James P. Greg- ory Lieutenant Colonel. Col. Hindman then made the following appointments: Capt. Robert J. 'McBryde, Jr., Regimental Adjutant; Capt. Morris Robinson, Regimental Quartermaster: Capt. Richard for THE ARMORY Th second Iargest drl11 hall in the U.n-td Statt- Fifty-one History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard N. Menefee, Regimental Commissary; Maj. Hugh N. Leavell, Sur- geon Major; Capt. Harris Kelly, Assistant Surgeon, and Capt. Rodman Grubbs, Judge Advocate. On August 23, 1904, the Artillery Battalion, composed of Bat- teries A, B and C, was transferred to the First Kentucky Infantry, and re-organized into Companies G, H and I. Maj. Mansir and Capt. Hal Griffith resigned, hut were put on the unassigned list. Austin B. Kinnaird, formerly Captain of Battery B, was named Major of the Third Battalion, composing the new companies. Charles Lindenberger was made Captain of Company H, Robert G. Gordon of Company G, and Capt. Reginald Clements of Com- pany I. This new regiment camped at the World's Fair Grounds in St. Louis from September 21st to 29th. Discontent arose among the former artillerymen, who were now in the infantry ranks, and drills were suspended and officers put on the unassigned list until January 26, 1905, when the three new companies, composing the Third Battalion, were ordered mus- tered out by Adjt. Gen. Percy Haly, on recommendation of Col. Hindman. During the latter six months of 1904 and the early part of 1905, conditions were demoralized in the regiment. Many offi- cers were placed on the unassigned list by the acting Colonel and other men appointed, until finally the Governor authorized Col. Hindman to select three men to organize Companies G, H and I. Henry L. Freking, Ben Gray and William Krieger undertook the task and became Captains. Marmaduke Bowden was made Major of the Third Battalion, Samuel WV. Greene Major of the Second Bat- talion, and Capt. Mechling Major of the First Battalion. On May 17,1905, an election for a Colonel and Lieutenant Col- onel was ordered. Col. Hindman was declared elected, with some opposition, charges of intimidation having been made, and James P. Gregory was elected Lieutenant Colonel without opposition. Interest, however, dwindled, and Col. Hindman tendered his resig- nation to the Governor. As soon as the resignation of Col. Hindman was accepted, the officers of the regiment petitioned Gen. William B. Haldeman, editor of The Louisville Times, to accept the command of the regi- ment. He accepted. r , iS ,- ., ,rww ro History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard In 1906 the magnificent Jefferson County Armory was com- pleted and given by the county for the use of the citizen-soldiers of the regiment. Through the liberality of well-knowvn citizens who became honorary members of the regiment and a Fiscal Court which responded well to the dutv devolving upon it, the Armory, which was completed in May, 1006, but which presented a bare and unattractive interior, was furnished in the course of a few months and equipped in a creditable manner. A formal house-warming was held December 28, 1906, when the building was thrown open to the public. In an address at a banquet shortly before this occasion and several months after he had been elected Colonel of the regiment, Gen. Haldeman said: "If I did not fear that it might be called treason I would tell you how inadequately the great State of Kentucky provides for its guard. The three regiments which compose the State Guard de- serve far more than thev receive from the Commonwealth. The National government is most liberal, the State government most niggardly. Therefore, we of the First Regiment must look to such men as compose this association to provide through honorary memberships the means necessary to the life, to the well-being and to the well-doing of a body of men, ready and willing to protect home, property and life at the call and under the control of the civil authorities, city and State. "The present Colonel of the regiment may not hope to equal those who have preceded him as commanders of the regiment, and therefore the more need of your generous encouragement and aid. While I am in command of this regiment I shall look solely to a well-disciplined organization, and to that end politics shall remain outside of the regiment. "The discipline that enforces sobriety, punctuality, regularity of life and obedience, accompanied by training, conducive to physi- cal development and health, invites your earnest support. You can best give this by calling attention to the advantages of the Armory to your sons and to your neighbors' sons. Take a look into what this regiment offers to the young men of this community ifty-thre History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard and, thus informed, I feel assured that you will benefit us by bene- fiting others whom you may bring to us." Gen. Haldeman was elected Colonel of the First Regiment April 11, 1906. During his leadership the soldiers saw duty during the "Night-Rider" troubles at Hopkinsville, Russellville, Lebanon and Marion. From the ruins of the organization which he found when he was elected Colonel of the First Regiment, Gen. Haldeman built a splendid organization. Naturally, many changes were first neces- sary. On May 9, 1905, Capt. Joseph M1. Huffaker, Commissary, was transferred to Captain and judge Advocate. A number of resignations were accepted. Robert J. McBryde, Jr., was appoint- ed Captain and Regimental Adjutant on May 3rd. Several officers who were on the unassigned list were appointed, as follows: Maj. H. Watson Lindsey, Second Battalion, vice Samuel W. Greene, re- signed; Capt. Daniel Carrell, Company H, vice Ben P. Gray, re- signed; Capt. Robert G. Gordon, Company G, vice Henry L. Fre- king, resigned; Capt. Austin B. Kinnaird, Commissary, vice Joseph M. Huffaker. transferred. Dr. Ellis Duncan wvas appointed Major Surgeon of the regiment, vice Hugh N. Leavell, resigned. The Rev. Charles Ewell Craik was appointed Chaplain, with the rank of Captain. James P. Gregory was appointed Lieutenant Colonel until such time as an election might be held. Harry C. Grinstead was appointed Captain of Company F on July 14th, vice Edward A. Burke, who removed from the State. These appointments were confirmed by elections held later in the year. The First Infantry Band was mustered in on July 16th. On September 17th Maj. Marmaduke Bowden's resignation as Major of the Third Battalion was accepted and Capt. Austin B. Kinnaird was appointed. He afterward was elected. There were a number of other changes during the year, but the esprit de corps and effi- ciency of the regiment never was affected, but, on the contrary, much improved. In June, 1907, the regiment went to the Jamestown Exposition. and was encamped at Camp Captain John Smith, Norfolk. The regi- ment entrained on the last day of the month, took part in military I. -IJ . 'ro- GEN WlLLIAM B HALDEMAN C.n-l Comm-.di.g. lg96-9g,,g Adjt.t General 1912-1914 Fift y-fve History of the First Regimnent of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard and naval parades on July 2nd and 3rd and in a sham battle on July 4th, and left on July 9th for home. Among the other out-of-town trips taken were those to Madi- son, Ind., May 29, 1908, to participate in the dedication of the sol- diers' monument there; trips to rifle ranges back of New Albany and at Frankfort; and to the camp of instruction at Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana, in September, 1908. Fdfet-aw History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard CHAPTER VIII. THE "NIGHT-RIDER' TROUBLES. HE so-called "Night-Rider" troubles kept the First Regiment in active service for some time during Col. Haldeman's regime. For many months during 1906 and 1907, the entire western section of the State had been terrorized by a series of lawless raids and depre- dations. County officers, apparently, were powerless to deal with the situation; so the troops were called out. The "Night-Rider" raids had their origin in the effort of farm- ers in the "Black Patch" to pool their tobacco crops in order to ob- tain the best market price by selling it at one time. Certain plant- ers would desert the pool, haul out their tobacco at night and sell. Then an organization of poolers was formed and sometimes des- perate measures were resorted to in order to hold the pool intact. Those who refused to join the band suffered by having their to- bacco beds scraped, their crops destroyed, their barns burned, and in some cases men were taken out at night by bands of mounted and masked men and severely whipped. A raid at night had been made upon the town of Princeton, in Caldwell County, and the trouble finally culminated in December, 1907, by a raid on Hopkinsville, in Christian County. The tele- phone exchange was shot up, a warehouse burned and the commu- nity terrorized. Capt. Edward Clark, commanding Company D, of the Third Regiment, with an organized posse, pursued the raiders for twenty miles and fired on them. The Governor then ordered out the troops, and Capt. Dan Carrell, commanding Company H, of the First Regiment, left with his men early in the morning of December 17th, reaching there the next day. Col. Haldeman and his Regimental Adjutant, Capt. Robert J. McBryde, Jr., were ordered to proceed with the command to Hopkinsville to confer with the civil and military officers and instruct Company H as to its duties. Capt. Llewellyn Spears, as- sistant surgeon of the hospital detachment, and Hospital Sergeant Pift.,.-z History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard H. L. Harper accompanied the troops, with Second Lieutenant William H. Meadows detailed as acting Quartermaster and Com- missary. The company was on duty at Hopkinsville until January 13, 1908. It patrolled the surrounding country and was-stationed at the Court House. The men were fired on once or twice and return- ed the fire, but there were no casualties. This was during the early part of their service, for later the lawless element seemed to realize that the troops could and would maintain order. Upon the depar- ture of the Louisville troops from Hopkinsville, Company D, of the Third Infantry, was ordered into service, and assumed charge of all matters formerly in the hands of Company H. A warehouse recently removed from Springfield was attacked at Lebanon in January, and Capt. Edmund T. Meriwether, Bat- talion Adjutant, was sent with a detail of ten enlisted men from Company G to the Marion County capital, where they remained on duty without incident for twelve days. Orders came from the Adjutant General's office on February 10th to Col. Haldeman. instructing him to "select two trusted offi- cers and eighteen men, who will proceed at once to Marion, Ky., in civilian clothes, carrying ammunition and revolvers in their hand - bags. The detachment will not proceed in a body," read the order, "but one officer and two or three men will take the first train out of Louisville. The remaining men, going by separate trains, will fol- low during the day, reporting on arrival to the County judge of Crittenden County, Judge William Blackburn, for such instruc- tions as he may deem necessary." Marion had been the center of the "Night-Rider" activity, main raids on farm-houses and towns in the surrounding country supposedly originating from there. These troops were relieved in five days, but in April trouble again arose and Capt. Robert N. Krieger was sent to the scene with a company of fifty men. They remained over a month. Some of the men were mounted and were sent in the surrounding country to preserve the peace. There was no serious trouble, however. The "Night-Rider" organization, although begun first by to- I 1/ 5-r. A. COL. WILLIAM A. COLSTON 3-k2y19!5 Elftyugv Photo by Stefnss History of the Fi:-st Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard bacco planters in self-defense, had its ramifications, and the rem- nants of the original bands constituted themselves "Regulators" in certain territory, visiting punishment on whomsoever they believed deserved it and conducting their guerrilla warfare in the accepted "Ku-Klux" style. The next trouble in which the First Regiment was engaged had to do with the activities of these men in Logan County. In July, 1908, a negro named Russell Browder was arrested for shooting and killing a man who was commonly reputed to be a leader of the "Night-Riders" in Logan County. A mob was formed to take the negro into their hands, but the Sheriff of Logan County spirited his man away to Louisville, where he was placed in the Jef- terson County Jail for safe keeping. In the meanwhile, four other negroes were arrested on misde- meanor charges. The "Regulators," believing these blacks to be inimical to their cause, battered down the doors of the Logan County jail at Russellville, took out the four negroes and hanged them to the same tree. Anticipating trouble when the negro Brow- der was returned from Louisville. the Governor ordered troops sent to Russellville. Adjutant General P. P. Johnston in his special order of August 11, 1908, said: "As many troops in Western Kentucky as may be needed to preserve the rights and protect the lives and property of the citi- zens will be concentrated in the County of Logan to aid the civil authorities, especially to protect the prisoner Browder, if he is or- dered back there for trial. "The failure to protect the four men in jail there recently and the failure to arrest and prosecute a single one of the mob who took them at will, without hindrance or outcry from the civil officers, and lynched them, induces the apprehension that the lawless ele- ment so far dominates the good people and officers of that locality, that they are helpless to protect the rights and lives of the citizens, and are deterred from calling for aid by a sentiment that at least jails to condemn lawless methods. "The commanding officer will, therefore, see that a sufficient Sissy History of the Fi:-st Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard number of soldiers under the command of prudent, careful and brave officers are in striking distance of the civil officers in charge of Browder, to protect them and their prisoner from insult and violence, from the time said prisoner is taken from the Louisville jail until they receive further orders. The commanding officer will respond to every lawful call for aid from civil officers, and after being called on will use his best judgment and all the power at his command to give the relief called for. But if from intimidation, sympathy with friends among the lawless, or any other cause, a felony that is threatened, or about to be committed, is not promptly stopped by the civil officers, the commanding officer will not wait, when delav would be acquiescence in an unlawful purpose, but will interpose at once to prevent the commission of a felony, and arrest every man who threatens or is about to commit such a crime. "If any attack is made on the troops, or any of them, by which life is endangered, they may defend themselves by discharging their firearms, and when the attack is general, the commanding officer mav order his troops to fire." A provisional company under Capt. Carrell was sent to Rus- sellville under secret orders from the Governor, and with him twen- ty men. Five enlisted men accompanied Browder to Logan Coun- ty. Later the Sheriff spirited Browder out of jail again at 4 o'clock one morning, taking him to Louisville. He attempted to bring him back secretly, and, fearing violence, Capt. Carrell detailed ten men to meet the train at Bowling Green and fifteen others to prevent any demonstration at the Russellville station, where a great crowd had formed. There was no trouble, however, and the prisoner was tried the next day and sentenced to be hanged, although he was later pardoned by the Governor. The troops under Capt. Carrell were ordered home August 14th. From time to time since that day the regiment has had various active service throughout the State, but mostly at summer encamp- ments, notably at Anniston, Ala., in 1912. As to duty in the State, there were few instances when troops were ordered out to protect lives and property. The general efficiency and morale of the militia had made an impression all over the State. Sistey-. I History of the Fi:-st Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard On May 13,1911, Capt. Albert A. Krieger, of Company E, and twenty-five men, were ordered to the Tenth-street station to ac- company two negro prisoners, charged with murder, to Lebanon. There was no trouble. The negroes were turned over to Circuit Judge R. H. Thurman and the Sheriff of the county. Christmas, 1912, and New Year's Day, 1913, were spent by the men of Company L, now disbanded, formerly commanded by Capt. Charles Bailev, in guarding three entrances to a mine, two at Elys, Knox County, and one over the border at Four Mile, Bell County, Into which two mountaineer bandits, Presley and "Happy" Jack Hendrickson, were believed to be hiding, after a number of shoot- ing affairs for which they were sought. Adjt. Gen. J. Tandy Ellis was on the scene in personal command of the troops, who scoured the mountains in vain for the miscreants, who had escaped into Wrest Virginia. .)ry-r..r LT COL ROBT J McBRYDE JR Photo by Sthfims Sixty-three History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard CHAPTER IX. OTHER CHANGES AND THE REGIMENT TO-DAY. N June 29, 1909, Col. Haldeman tendered his resigna- tion to Gov. A. E. Willson. Following his resigna- tion 95 per cent. of the officers of the regiment also resigned. Just before his election the Armory had been completed, and he furnished it. During the three years of his service as Colonel he brought the regiment up to a high standard of efficiency. When Col. Haldeman resigned H. C. Grinstead was elected Colonel and Morris Gifford Lieutenant Colonel. The latter, how- ever, declined to accept, and James P. Gregory was elected Lieu- tenant Colonel. Col. Grinstead remained as Colonel one year and then resigned. After his resignation the field and staff was mus- tered out and two separate battalions of the regiment remained here for a period of six months. John C. Davidson was elected Colonel and Felix Kerrick Lieu- tenant Colonel in 1911. In the fall of 1911 the field and staff again was mustered out and instead of two separate battalions being maintained, there were eight separate companies. In January, 1912, Col. Haldeman was appointed Adjutant General of Kentucky. Seven out of the eight remaining companies immediately were mustered out. Capt. James M. Love, Jr., of the Fifteenth United States Infantry, was sent here by Gen. Leonard Wood, Chief of Staff, and the work of reorganization begun under nim and Gen. Haldeman. By July 1st eight full companies were mustered into service and an election was held for Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel. In the meantime, Gen. Haldeman had resigned his place as Adjutant General in April, having completed the reorganization of the regi- ment. At the election Col. Haldeman was unanimously elected Col- onei, but he declined to serve. William A. Colston then was elected Colonel, and Robert J. - Diary-IV ., MAJOR BELTON J. STARK. Seconds Hatta1, MAJOR DAN CARRELL. F.-s Battalion CAPTAIN SIDNEY SMITH. Reg" ta1 Adjuta.n MAJOR THOMPSON H SHORT Third B.rttl - I'Ptos by SteIeM. Sixty-fle History of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard McBryde, Jr., Lieutenant Colonel. Col. Colston was Captain of Company E during the Spanish-American War and Major of the First Battalion under Col. Haldeman. Lieut. Col. McBryde had served before that time as Regimental Adjutant and for a brief time as Inspector General. Col. Colston is now in charge of the regiment. Besides the Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel, the field and staff is made up as follows: Hospital Corps.-Surgeon-Major, Ellis Duncan; Captain, Al- bert A. Stoll; Captain, Thomas M. Dorsey; First Lieutenant, Charles K. Berle. Regimental Adjutant, Capt. Sidney Smith; Commissary, Capt. Lamar D. Rov; Quartermaster, Capt. I. L. Shulhafer; Inspector of Small Arms Practice, Capt. Henry H. Austin. FIRST BATTALION. Major, Dan Carrell; First Lieutenant Charles H. Semple, Ad- jutant; Second Lieutenant Raymond Embry, Commissary and Quartermaster. Company A.-Captain, John R. C. Norman; First Lieutenant, Preston T. Vance; Second Lieutenant, Walter K. Belknap. Company B.-Captain, Ellerbe Carter; First Lieutenant. Leo Medley; Second Lieutenant, Charles C. Stephens. Company C.-Captain, John C. Oldacre; First Lieutenant, Lewis E. Presser; Second Lieutenant, William C. Watters. Company D.-Captain, Charles A. Wickliffe; First Lieuten- ant, Harry Marx; Second Lieutenant, Edward K. Jameson. SECONI) BATTALION. Major, Belton J. Stark; First Lieutenant John J. Welsh, Ad- jutant; Second Lieutenant Julius Frentz, Quartermaster and Com- missary. Company E.-Captain, Curtis M. Colston; First Lieutenant, Henry H. Stone; Second Lieutenant, Clifford V. Williams. Company F.-Captain, Robert Cain; First Lieutenant, Will- iam F. Bonn; Second Lieutenant, Harry R. Laird. I atsy-ns a; ..s " CHARLES C. STEVENS Second Lieut. Co. B WILLIAM C. WATTERS Second Li-ot. Co C sixty-,z,, JNO. R. C. NORMAN. Capta-n Co A JOHN C OLDACRE. Captao Co C LEO MEDLEY. F-rst Ll.ut. Co B CHAS A WICKLIFFE. Captain Co D HARRY MARX F-' L-o t Co D Photos by Ste'eus. Hictory of the First Regiment of Infantry. Kentucky National Guard Company G.-Captain. Howard I. Ferris; First Lieutenant, Harold Willings; Second Lieutenant, Hewitt W. Jeffries. Company H.-Captain, Lee Payne; First Lieutenant. Alvin C. Goode; Second Lieutenant, Grover Connors. THIRD BATTALION. Major, Thomas B. Short; First Lieutenant Stone W. Norman, Adjutant: Second Lieutenant Stanlev Grobmyer, Commissary and Quartermaster. Company I.-Captain, C. Foster Helm; First Lieutenant, George W'. Briggs, Jr.; Second Lieutenant, George B. Morrison. Company L.-Captain, Thomas P. Middleton; First Lieuten- ant, Walter F. Hill; Second Lieutenant (vacant). Company M.-Captain, William S. Broaddus; First Lieuten- ant (vacant); Second Lieutenant, David.W. Kennedy. Through most of the years of the First Regiment's meritorious service, John B. Castleman was its Colonel, well earning the reward of a Brigadier General's insignia from the National Government. Among the names of those who have been Colonels and field offi- cers of the First Kentuckv are men who have honored this city and our State. The Colonels: John B. Castleman, Morris Belknap, C. C. Mengel, D. W. Gray, Biscoe Hindman, William B. Haldeman, H. C. Grinstead, John C. Davidson, William A. Colston. The Lieutenant Colonels: W. H. Coen, Morris Belknap, D. W. Gray, Morris Gifford, Felix Kerrick, James P. Gregory, Robert J. Mc- Bryde, Jr. The Majors: W. 0. Harris, John H. Leathers, James P. Kelly, J. M. Sohan, D. W. Gray, J. H. Mansir, David Castleman, M. H. Crump, William A. Colston, Morris Gifford, John C. Da- vidson, H. Watson Lindsey, Austin B. Kinnaird, Dan Carrell, Bel- ton J. Stark. The Surgeon Majors: David W. Yandell, E. L. Pearce, J. Brent Palmer, Ellis Duncan, Hugh M. Leavell. The Surgeon Captains: E. L. Pearce, Ellis Duncan, John King Free- man, Charles W. Hibbitt, L. P. Spears, Harris Kelly, Albert A. Stoll, Thomas M. Dorsey. Al ZJ-swgnp shy F-st L-eut. JOHN J. WELSH. Adjutant. Second Battalon Captain LAMAR D. ROY. Rog-mental C.--o-sary Sixty-.nie Capt. ALBERT A. STOLL Hospltal Corps Se-gt. W. A. BAILEY. A,-.,e,! First L-e1t S W NORMAN. Adjutant ThMrd Battalcon Second L-eut RAYMOND EMBRY Con',y and Quar trmaster Ftr-t Battal. o Capt. THOMAS M. DORSEY Ho-p-tal Co-p Phe.t, by Stefe s HON. JAMES B. M.CREARY BRIG. GEN. ROGER WILLIAMS Governor. and Commander-in-Chief of the Mditary Commanding F-rst Biigade. Kentucky National Guard Forces of Kentucky iCbe Armtory The home of the First Regiment. Kentucky National Guard, is a buiding the hke of which can- not be found in any city of the United States. Not .nl, was It especially devised to meet the needs of the body of miltia, but its capacious drill hall was so constructed so as to seat 16,000 people. Thus it has been the means of drawing to Louisville consentions and meetings of societies, as few cities of equal population -an do. The Armory building Is one of the sights of Louisville. Its massive roof towers above the imme- diately surrounding buildings and attracts the sight seers attention. It was erected scarce a decade ago, and its architect was Captain Brinton B. Da-is. a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, and himself a former officer of the Third Regiment, and on this account, if for no other reason, able to design a structure pecularly adapted to the needs of a military organization. This wonderful buiding encloses 200 by 270 feet of floor space, the largest area under perma- nent roof in the United States, and with a sixteen-foot balcony entirely surrounding It, is ideally adapt ed for the largest conventions and gatherings of all kinds. Besides having a seating capacity of 1 6,000 persons, it has standing-room for many more. The county and city are to be congratulated upon a great achievement which makes it possible to have immense gatherings. horse shows., athletic contests, drills. etc., to the great benefit of Louisville business people and to the lasting credit of its founders and designers. 5tventy HENRY H, STONE. F,-s, Li-ot Co E CURTIS M. COLSTON. Capt-ai Co E Seo'enty oew W S. BROADDUS Captain Co. M. Rlchmond. Ky ROBERT CAIN. Captain Co F HARRY R LAIRD, Scond Lt. Co. F CLIFFORD V WILLIAMS Seon.d Ll-,t Co E WILLIAM F BONN -t Ll-ot C. F Phaoes by Steftes COL. MOcRMS B. BELKNAP ROBABLY no other leader the First Kentucky Regiment ever had was more per- sonally beloved and respected by his men than Col. Morris Burke Belknap. whose unfortunate death in his fifty-fourth year in 1910 was deeply deplored and regretted by all those with whom he had come in contact. Morris Belknap was an important factor in the business and political life of Louisville. His qualifications for leadership in thought and action brought him into prominence, and he won an en- viable place in the confidence and esteem of his fellow-men. He early m-nifested an interest in military affairs., in which connection he became prominent and influential in the Kentucky National Guard. In 1879 he enlisted as a pri- vate in Captain Willis Overton Harris' company of the Louisville Legion and he took great pride in his association with this military body. In 1 890 he was elected Captain of Company A, First Regiment. Kentucky National Guard, and three years later was chosen Lieutenant Colonel of the same regiment. Prior to this service in I 887, he was honored by appointment as a member of the military staff of Gov. Simon Bolivar Buckner. with the rank of Colonel. Col. Belknap called the first meeting of officers in his home upon receiving the news of the declaration of war against Spain in 1 898. He served as Lieutenant Colonel and Iater as Colonel of the First Kentucky Volunteer Infantry in the Spanish-American War in 1898 and saw service around Ponce and Mayaguez in Porto Rico. The First Kentucky Volunteer Infantry sas dilly mustered into the United States service May 13, 1898, and Col. Belknap was forthwith commissioned its Lieutenant Colonel. However, the protocol was signed a day after his troops disembarked. Col. Belknap and his command remained at Mayaguez until August 26th. when he joined Gen. Castleman and the other six companies of the regiment. On December 1 2th the regiment returned to Louisville. It is not unlikely that the death of Col. Belknap was largely a result of his services in Porto Rico. as he never entirely regained his former vigor after his return. His life was marked by valuable acccomplishments along practical and productive lines and his success was large; but more to be prized than these were his loyalty to principle, his kindly human s-mpathy, broad intellectual development and gracious personality. .set-esty-treo i 1- HOWARD M. FERRIS, Captsis Co. a HAROLD WILLINGS, First Li-ut. Co. G Seo'eutY-three C. FOSTER HELM. Captain Co. I LEE PAYNE. Captai Co. H ALVIN C. GOODE, First Lie-t. Co. H Photos by St/ens COL. C. C. MENGEL MONG Louis ille first citizens there is no more constant and zealou, loyal and hearty friend of the First Regiment than Col C. C. Mengel, who during some of the most stormy months of the local infantry's career was its gallant leader. Charles Christopher Mengel is a man big in statue and big in heart, an essentially representative citizen of strong personality and a natural leader. Born in New England, he came to Louisville when a youth of nineteen, and on the year he attained his niajority he engaged in the manufacture of boxes. later taking up the lumber industry, until now his interests in box-making annually consume more lumber than any other one plant an the United States. He has gained marked prominence and success in his indus- trial enterprises. which are of exceptionally broad scope and importance. That he is one of the South's greatest business men has been demonstrated by the results he has obtained. Besides the box trade, Col. Mengel is engaged in the exploiting of mahogany. He is President of the Mengel Box Company and Vice-President of C. C. Mengel Bro. Co., which firm handles more mahogany than .vn other concern in the country and exploits ts own wood in foreign countries. Its operations extend all over the world, but mostly in the West Coast of Africa and in Yucatan, Mexico. In Yucatan, the company operates thirty miles of railroad, and the various branches of the box. company, where the timber is cut, operates its own railroads and uses the most modern machinery in cutting logs and timber. Col. Mengel served as a Director of the Board of Trade for several years, when he was unanimously elected to the Presidency. He served until 1899. It was while he was President of the Board of Trade that Col. Mengel reorganized the Louisville Legion, known as the First Kentucky Infantry, after its return from Porto Rico. Realizing his worth and in appreciation of his efforts, the soldiers unanimously elected him Colonel, which he ac- cepted temporarily only as a matter of duty. Immediately after his accepting the Colonelcy, the Goebel-Taylor election troubles arose, end this made it necessary for the regiment to go to Frankfort at the call of Gov. Taylor. Under Col. Mengel, the soldiers did much to maintain order and protect the property of the State. The Colonel used his influence to prevent lawlessness and breaches of the peace, and his quiet ability and determination was manifest during these troublous times. Col. Me-gel always has been a foremost member of the community, which he has served in various ways. He was a member of the Louisville Board of Water Works and of the Board of Sinking Fund Commissioners. He is a member and former President of the Pendennis Club and a member of the noted Salmagundi Club, a famous literary organiza- tion which has been in existence for more than fifty years. He also is a Director of the National Bank of Kentucky. Although no longer activeIy connected with the regiment, Col. Mengel always takes the greatest interest in its affairs. Sneutyt'fr I History of the First Regiment of Infantry, Kentucky National Guard LEXINGTON'S PART IN FIRST REGIMENTS HISTORY. 0 more efficient body of men is connected with the First Regiment, K. N. G., than Company I, which . mbhas its armorv at Lexington. Headquarters of the Third Battalion also are at the Bluegrass Capital, and the men who compose the battalion field and staff, as well as the rank and file of Company I, alike are men who rank high in social and business life, as well as in a military sense. Two gallant sons of Kentucky-Capt. E. L. D. Breckinridge, then Instructor-Inspector of the First Regiment, and his brother, Henry S. Breckinridge, now Assistant Secretary of War-organ- ized Company I, and it has fulfilled the great expectations of the men who put it on a military footing. In the spring of 1913 the company was mustered in. The first Captain of Company I was John Vance, who was afterward appointed Receiver General of Customs at Santo Do- mingo. The original First Lieutenant was Allan Gilmour, and Second Lieutenant Nichols was the officer third in command. Capt. Vance, upon his appointment to Santo Domingo, wvas suc- ceeded for the time being by Capt. Allan Gilmour and later by Capt. Thompson B. Short, now Major of the Third Battalion. At the 1914 encampment of the Kentucky National Guard, which was held at Lexington, Thompson B. Short was selected to command the Third Battalion of the First Regiment. He was suc- ceeded as Captain of Company I by C. Foster Helim. The officers of the Third Battalion now are as follows: Major, Thompson B. Short; First Lieutenant Stone W. Nor- man, Adjutant; Second Lieutenant Stanley Grobmyer, Commis- sary and Quartermaster. Companv I is officered as follows: Captain, C. Foster Helm; First Lieutenant, George W. Briggs, Jr.; Second Lieutenant, George B. Morrison. In every way, that portion of the First Regiment at the Blue- grass Capital maintains and preserves the traditions of the "Fight- ing First." Of its men, too much cannot be said. The body as a whole has met with approval, both from Adjt. Gen. J. Tandy Ellis and Gov. J. B. McCreary, who are the highest military officers in the State, and from the War Department. through its Inspector- Instructors and other regular army officers who have watched this efficient body of men, both at home and in camp. eSe"tys-t' GEN. WILLIAM B. HALDEMAN HAT the First Regiment exists today as an effective military organization is due to Gen. William B. Haldeman more than to any other one man. It was he who. as Adjutant General, in 1912. undertook the work of rebuilding a command that had been disrupted by the partisan politics of an adverse administration at Frankfort. Under his direction every company but one of the seven separate com- panies then carried on the rolls was mustered out. An army officer and five sergeant- instructors were obtained through the co-operation of Gen. Leonard Wood, then Chief-of- Staff of the Army. At the end of six months two battalions under capable officers were formed and a regimental organization effected. Hlaving reorganized the regiment. Gen. Haldeman resigned as Adjutant General. He was unanimously re-elected as its Colonel., but declined, saying that the post should go to a younger man. Since that time a third battalion has been added and the full regiment of twelve companies has been pronounced as efficient as is to be found in the Tenth Division, com- prising the States of Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Alabama. Gen. Haldeman served from 1906 to 1909 as Colonel of the First Kentucky. He found the Armory a huge structure of bare walls. He left it completed and handsomely furnished. He commanded at all times the love and confidence of the officers and men under him, and the regiment during his term of service enjoyed a full measure of support from the community. In the Civil War. Gen. Haldeman served as a member of the famous Orphan Brigade and as a midshipman in the Confederate States Navy. The feeling in which he is held by his older, as well as his younger comrades, is attested by the fact that he is now the Commander of the Veterans' Association of the Orphan Brigade, and the Major-Genera) Commanding the Kentucky Division., United Confederate Veterans. .srcesry-Jix __ THE OFFICERS AND MEN of the FIR1ST REGIM1ENT OF IINFANTRY, K. M. G., wishn toD thank the fznrms and isndhioduaJ wio have aided the present oirganinzationr in keepiing ainue the tnoaditionns thaet have cm ez down to ift, an5ud in ittnng itsellf for llike honora1le seirvice if ever theire is again Aeed of it. sdvet.5eveM REV. CHAS. P. RAFFO. Pastor St. Charles Borromeo Church. REV. JAMES ASSENT, Pastor St. Elizabeth's Church. REV. GEORGE A. WEISS. Pastor Church of St. George. REV EDMUND KAISER. Pastor St. Peter s Church. SOME OF LOUISVILLE'S CATHOLIC CLERGY WHO ARE INTERESTED IN THE WELFARE OF THE FIRST REGIMENT I -1 ...... ..... I , , erected by the Holy Cross Parish. and considered one of the J AmsTUz (( TDQR 9P DOOR h handsomest and most complet, parohia school buildings -n the caty IMO)Ry C rass scho R w A REV CELESTINE BREY.s Pastor of the Church .1, . - .I......a 8a 0 C9 SHOP AT STEWART'S -where you will find the largest and most com- plete stocks of Silks, Wasl Goods, Linens and Domestics, Laces and Embroideries, Gloves, Hosiery, Ribbons, Toilet Goods, M.7iinery, Waists, Suits, Coats and Dresses, Underwear, Shoes, Furniture, All Housefurnisliings, etc., in the South. and that no matter what you buy you are assured of the best price, no matter what the price, and equally assured of satisfaction in every other particular or your money refunded. A'trwart Bru (luvbui QTmpang FOURTH and WALNUT. LOUISVILLE, KY. We Give and Redeem Surety Coupons 2.50 In Goods Free NATIONAL BANK OF COMMERCE Fifth and Main Streets 800,000.00 600,000.00 . 6,000,000.00 We Pay 3 Per Cent Interest on Time Deposits President. . JAMES B. BROWN Cashier, ..J. HAYES Assistant Cashier... .. . ...JOHN S. AKERS CAPITAL SURPLUS DEPOSITS The Watkins Third and Jefferson Streets Louisville 414 W. Chestnut Street EUROPEAN PLAN Hotel EUROPEAN PLAN Hotel Henry Watterson Walnut, bet. 4th and 5th EUROPEAN PLAN Louisville-Old Inn Sixth and Main Streets AMERICAN and EUROPEAN PLAN The Seelbach Fourth and Walnut EUROPEAN PLAN Keepers' Associdation Williard Hotel Jefferson and Center Streets AMERICAN PLAN Fifth Avenue Hotel 411 South Fifth Avenue EUROPEAN PLAN Hotel Victoria Tenth and Broadway EUROPEAN PLAN Galt House First and Main Streets EUROPEAN PLAN Preston Hotel Third and Main EUROPEAN PLAN The Tyler CLARENCE R. MENGEL, President. CHARLES C. MENGEL. Vice-Preident. H. W. MENGEL Superintendent. J. CREPPS WICKLIFFE, Secretary. VICTOR LAMB, Treasurer. J. SPICKER. Sales Manager. C. C. MENGEL BRO. CO. Exploiter and Importer of Mahogany Logs MANUFACTURERS OF Mahogany Lumber, Veneers and Dimension Stock LOUISVILLE, KY. NEW YORK, N. Y. GRAND RAPIDS, MICH. CHICAGO, ILL AXIM, AFRICA BELIZE. B. H. PAYO OBISPO, MEXICO WrTrE: UIS FO0R PRICES Our Boxes AND Bottle Cases ARE "THERE" We'd hike to show you MENGEL BOX COMPANY -I 1E N T U CKF 1-01m U,--0 K NrTUCmlv C I-a U a U P T D Ai 'Y --. 1- tw rlynrJ-evsr ,. Louisville National Banking Company Capital. ... 250,000.00 Surplus and Undivided Profits . 125,000.00 Deposits ......... . 2,500,000.00 A National Bank With a Savings Department Boxes in Safety Vault, 3.00 Per Year JOHN H. LEATHERS President S. THRUSTON BALLARD Vice-President BEN C. WEAVER, JR. Cashier JOHN T. BATE - Ass't Cashier BENTON DUERSON Asa't Cashier JIBACUN is tS INCORPORATED We Give and Redeem Surety Coupons THE STORE FOR EVERYBODY WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF Men's furnishings and Boys' glotbing Carpets, Rugs, Furniture, House Furnishings Sold On I Household Club Plan. Terms-Ask us about it A: ElghtlY h e HE.MAN STRAUS ( ,O] Xonzt't'lle's Poular jhpartment tort WHERE A DOLLAR DOES ITS DUTY GIVE AND REDEEM PROFIT-SHARING CERTIFICATES The Only Stamp With a Cash Value and Bank-Guaranteed ,Xntr'ra-utrnPR E S ENTAT ION Amation-gI 1auk ACADEMY xational X n 322 W. Main Street LOUISVILLE, KY. DEPOSITS AGGREGATING SEVEN MILLION DOLLARS MODERN SAFETY DEPOSIT VAULT qSavings Department open front 6 to 8 oclock Saturday nights. If you are not a customier of ours, we would be glad to have you consult its with reference to opening an account. Our officers are always at your service. EARL S. GWIN - Presikat Fourth and Breckinridge Streets HENRY THIEMANN - - Vicv-Presidmt LOUITSVILLE, KY. I iI I nr) -sl.r USE THE Home Telephone Service IT REACHES THE GREATEST NUMBER OF PEOPLE Long Distance CONNECTIONS Low Rates Fast Service The Louisville Home Telephone Company I.CORpORA-TD Compliments of BERNHEIM DISTILLING COMPANY LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY PRODUCERS OF The South's Highest Class Department Store 9iaufman-traus P3AT [NQtampnAS We Give and Redeem Profit- Sharing Certificates AJAX TIRES HE only measure of value in T Motor Car Tires is miles. How many miles you get, depends upon your choice of Tires. AJAX are the first tires to be guaranteed in writing and are the first to set up 5,000 miles as the mark of their anticipated life. Other standard make tires, from cus- tom alone, are adjusted on the basis of 3,500 miles probable life. Thus, AJAX Tires are 4V better-the mileage expectancy is 1,500 more. Let us quote you prices on AJAX TIRES and all auto accessories. We are headquarters. OLD I. W. HARPER ANDREW COWAN CO. 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TIaft anub Ertaurant 210-212 Pearl Street 427 West Market Street LOUISVILLE KENTUCKY LOUISVILLE KENTUCKY Spcial Atttion to Out- cf-Tm OrdasB August R. Baumer 445 South Fourth Avenue FLORIST ORIGINAL Masonic Templc Fourth and Chestnut LOUISVILLE. KY. Modjeska Caramels COMPLIMPENTS OF The importane of cientifically ground lenses cannot be overetimated. A The question as to who does the mot scientific AL_ _0 _ work admits of but one answer. SOUTHERN OPTICAL CO. 323 WEST GREEN ST. Fourth and Chcatnut Streets Louisvl. Ky. CONSULT YOUR OCULIST. OLD FO RUOld Forester "FO RTU NA""hik WHISKEY W hisky BOTTLED IN BONsD_ THE PHIL. HOLLENBACH CO. Brown-Forman Company D I S T I L L E R S Distillers Ninety ST XAVIER'S COLLEGE 112 West Broadway. Louisville. Ky. This College for day scholars is conducted by the Xaverian Brothers. Preparatory, Collegiate. Commercial and Classi- cal Courses. New Buiding, with the latest improvements., large gymnasium, swimming pool, etc. For Catalogue and particulars apply to BROTHER JAMES, Director. Adolph Reutlinger M. T. Stith REUTLINGER STITH Fire Insurance Tornado. Liability and Plate Glass Both Phones 2406 EDMAR VAUIJHAN, Presldent R. 11. AINSLIE, Secretary 123 South Third Street F. H. VAIJOAN, Wire-Pres. and Treasurer J. R. SALMON, Ge'l lqr. and Engineer Louisville Bridge and Iron Co. \ 1' " " `ITl 11 LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY Engineers, Contractors. Fabricators and Erectors of Steel Railroad and Highway Bridge Super- structures, Viaducts. Rocfs. Steel Framed Buildings and Structural Steel Work of Evcry Description. Holy Rosdry Acddemy This Academy offers thorugh Academic and Commercial Courses, and special attention is given the study of Music and Art. CLASSES OPEN SEPTEMBER 7 Mutual Benefit In Name Mutual Benefit In Character Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company W. W. DENNIS 9 CO. Louisville, Ky. PARAMOUNT PROGRAM Produced by America's Greatest Producers CHARLES FROHMAN DANIEL FROHMAN DAVID BELASCO OLIVER MOROSCO HOBART BOSWORTH Stars MARY PICKFORD MARIE DORO MRS. FISKE ELSIE JANIS MARGUERITE CLARK FRITZI SCHEFF AND MANVY OTHERS5 MAJESTIC THEATRE "Ho-use of Feature Films SACRED HEART ACADEMY CRESCENT HILL, LOUISVILLE P. 0.: St. Matthews. Kentucky The Crescent Hill Electric Cars from the City pass the rear entrance to the grounds every he - minutes. For the Education of Young Women and Girls Conducted by THE URSULINE SISTERS KENTUCKY MILITARY INSTITUTE The School with a Winter Home In Florilda Founded in 1845. the year that Colonel Ormsby led the Louisville Legion to Mexico, and by a sin- ul ar coincidence -iow occupies the home he con- - pleted just before leaving for the Mexican war Nine miles east of Louisville. Visitors welcome Catalog on request Designated by the United States War Depart. ment Honor School. 1914. The only secondar3 school in the South so honored. Col. C. W. FOWLER. Supt.. Lysdos. Ky l - 418 W. C:)RMSBY - . KLEIN'S H.PSELMAN CO ilpfrrishmrnt Sxalary FasAionab1e Women Louisv.lles Finest Catering Find Us Always Prepared To Supply Establishment Their Every Need and Whim JOHN W. KLEIN. Propr. 456 S. FOURTH AVE. NEW THINGS EVERY DAY UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT :3Vozton Cate T. B. OWEN E CAFE cJ - w;=Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars 335 West Market Street, LOUISVILLE. KY. 601 W. Walnut Street. Opposite First Regment Armory J C BOARDMAN ......... . ... Proprietor WLING ALLEYS BILLIARDS Let us keep you cool during the hot months. HAAGER F..ans of all kinds, which can be delored on short notice. Stop in to see us. or send for catalog. 12 Bowling Alleys HEADQUARTERS FOR ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES. 14 Billiard Tables Candies. Cigars and Soft Drinks Jas. Clark. Jr. Electric Co. MARKET and FOURTH 520 W. Main Street. Louisville. Ky. HOME PHONE-CITY 4330 HOME PHONE CITY 5036 HENRY HUNOLD AL. STEBL EB R PROPRIETOR CaTfe Interutbani Cate Fine Wines, Beer. Liquor and Cigars No. 317 WEST GREEN STREET NEXT TO INTERURBAN. S.TATI 522-24 WEST WALNUT STREET LOUISVILLE. KENTUCKY LOUISVILLE TRAINING SCHOOL BEECHMONT STATION Industry, Integrity, Economy, Thoroughness The Location of this old and popular school is at Beechmont. Louisville's most beautiful The Location 0suburb. less than four miles from the Court House-only a thirty-minute ride from the Ohio River. This School stands..re-eminentinalltheSouth forthoroughne. anddiscisline. Itsmoralatmos- phere is not surpassed in the State. It is a HOME school: has milit-rV and literare combined. at the cost of one. Does not "go to seed" on athletics, yet has good gymnasium and fine athletic and military drill fields. It limits its attendance to fifty. It is no "cheap" institution, nor yet are its prices exorbitant. We look after the development of head, hand, and heart; have had charge of hundreds upon hun- dreds of boys for thirty years. We offer you a clean. wholesome efficient lifterarv and militarp trainfng school. nonssectorian. yet thoroaghi retioas, whose fruitage is a symmetrical boy who obes. studies, drills, respects dag esteems himself, and makes life Worth Itwing. Are you looking for just such a place for your boy There is but one time to educate him; an error made then is fatal. Let us help you select by sending you our illustrated catalogue. Send for it. It is free. Or visit us at Beechmont. Take the Fourth Avenue car. Park via Third. Spring term opens in January. 19 16. Address Prof. W. H. PRITCHETT, A. M., Head Master and Owner, Hore Phone 6620 4553 Third Street Cfolor plate for (!orer, lrt Work ant 4Engrarings by Cinsietollayer 4Engravitg (ompang fouis1ille, xentutdk ----- ---- - nlntvv-loz X ME,