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Letters to the Sentinel-Democrat (Mt. Sterling, Ky.) pertaining to the Rowan county feud and other matters / Boone Logan. Logan, Boone. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2002 b92-133-29323389 Electronic reproduction. 2002. (Beyond the shelf, serving historic Kentuckiana through virtual access (IMLS LG-03-02-0012-02) ; These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Letters to the Sentinel-Democrat (Mt. Sterling, Ky.) pertaining to the Rowan county feud and other matters / Boone Logan. Logan, Boone. s.n., [Morehead Ky. : 1885] 29 p. ; 21 cm. Coleman Cover title. Microfilm. Atlanta, Ga. : SOLINET, 1993. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. (SOLINET/ASERL Cooperative Microfilming Project (NEH PS-20317) ; SOL MN03768.02 KUK) Printing Master B92-133. IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Rowan County (Ky.) History. BOONE LOGAN'S LETTERS TO TIlM SENTINEL-DEMOCRAT (NIT. STERLING, KY.) PERTAINING TO THE ROWAN COUNTY FUED AND OTHER MATTERS. POONE LOGAN'S LETTERS AND OTHER MATTERS. -0- To the Citizens of Kentucky: I see that his Excellency, Gov. S. B. Buckner, in his message to the General Assembly of Kentucky, refers to the troubles in Rowan Coun- ty, Ky., and to some extent comments on the same, and also refers them to the report of the Adjutant General, and from an extract from Adju- tant General Hill's report, I see he claims to have obtained from good citizens of Rowan County facts conducing to show that I incited the election riot of August, 1884, and that I used my influence, in connec- tion with others, to prevent persons guilty of crime from being indicted by the grand jurors of Rowan County. These charges were made against me when I was a candidate for Commonwealth's Attorney before the Democratic Convention in the Fourteenth Judicial District, and in July, 1885, I wrote and published a letter, together with statements of the grand jury and some other citizens, which refute said charges. I herewith give in full said letter: MOREHEAD, Ki-., July 30, 1885. Mr. Editor:-There has been much said through the press of this and other States concerning the Rowan County troubles and my con- nection therewith, which I have allowed to pass unnoticed, not because there was any truth in it, but from the fact that I did not desire a news- paper controversy. I have learned by experience that it is impossible to please those who have made up their minds not to be pleased, and especially that class of humanity, in whose blood and bones inherent malice and hate burn and blaze to the exclusion of every generous thought and noble impulse, and nho can see everybody vices e-.cept their own and nobody's virtues. In retiring from the prosecution of the men on trial for killing Benjamin Rayburn, this class of individu- als were ready to condemn me for tailing to perform my duty as County Attorney, and had I not done so, it uwould have met their disapproval in that they Wcuklc have said I was playing the part of a Judas in the prosecution, and I am aware that uniust criticisms will be offered to what I maly say now. The broadest and most profuse statements made against me were published as an interview between the editor of a Republican paper at Mt. Sterling and Miss Sue Martin. When M3iss Martin is placed upon the witness stand and asked as to the truthfulness of the charges she ( 2 ) made against me to this editor, she says she told him that said charges were the rumor of the country, but that as to herself she knew nothing about it whatever, save what she heard, and when asked from whom she heard it, she said that it had been soylong back, and that she had been so grievouslv troubled that she hadl forgotten wbo told her these statenents. But the editor represents her as.stating these charge as facts within her owo personal T;njhledge. rlise things she claims to lav. bSpeard as rtimt of the bvighhleoed are.about a; follows: That I attyised the grand jury to paws the matters by and not inves- tights Dor imlict the persons W10o forged tlte order for those who killed John Martin a4 1Faruers, and tht I also advised John C. Day and Floyd Tohiver, at tae August electaon-of 184, "to kill fouror five of the damned Radiwcrdk. Now. I d'enounce esieli an everv ode of these statements as a base and diabolical falsehood, as well as all of the statements pur- porting to come fronm the mouth of Miss Martin on that occasion in ref- erence to me, and I defy Miss Martin or this editor, or any one else, to prove these statements I say that' they can not Gwove the charges or any one iota of them by an, respectable or responsible person; and I now ask Miss Martin, this editor, or any one for them, to come forward and prove these charges against me, and if they cannot, they owe it to themselves, to the people who have listened to and read their state- ments an( tome to retractthem. I now demand it as a matter of justice at their hands to do one or the other. I here offer the statement made by the grand jury of the Rowan Circuit Court. who sat at the February term 1885) of said court, and is the only jury that has been impaneled in our court since Martin was killed. Two of the grand jurors, J. W. Nickell and Robert Keesee, have moved West, and Thomas Ham lives quite a distance in the country, hence I did not call on them to sign this statement, which is as follows: "We the undersigned persons state that we are members of the grand jury of the February term, 1885, of the Rowan Circuit Court, and that while we were thus engaged, nor at any other time, did Z. T. Young di- rectly or indirectly try to prevent us from finding an indictment against the persons suspected of the killing of John Martin. We further state that the only case in which said Young said anything to us on the sub- ject of finding an indictment was when we asked his advice on finding an indictment against W. C. Humphrey for aiding in the killing of Floyd Toliver, and Mr. Young told us 'he did not think the evidenge sufficient to warrant a conviction against Humphrey, and this is the only instance in which we asked Mr. Young's advice, and the only case in which he gave us any advice upon the subject of indictments at said term of said court. J.. A. Nickel, R. R. Cassity, Benj. Thompson, 'John Scott, William Barbe'r, R. E. Mcintire, J. W. R., Johnson, 'R. A. Roberts, Z K. Phelps, E. H. Hamilton, J. K. Swimm, Z. P. Johnson. A. B' Bumgartner. This 23d day of July, 1885. It will be remembered from this statement that I did not, as stated by Miss Martin, try to induce the grand jury to pass the 'matter of the 'killing of John Martin by without investigation by said jurors. The statement made by them shows that I said nothing to thekn on the subject and that instead of trying to get rid of Sheriff 'Humplhrev, and do him an injustice, as has been heretofore stated, I advised the' grand jury not to find an indictment against him. While I believed him to be guilty 'of the eharge, I did not/believe a jury in this county would convict him, he having ghe benefit of prestige of being sheriff of the county, and in ( 3 ) addition to this I. believed an indictment against Humphrey! for this of- fense would strongly tend-to renew the troubles here which .had seem- ingly become quiet. The evidence against Humphrey was this: That he offered a man two hundred and fifty dollars to kill Floyd Toliver, and that Humphrey, Martin and others went to Farmers on a certain occasion, where Toliver lived, armed with pistols and guns and acted in a rather. threatening wanner toward Toliver, and that a few minutes be- fore Martin killed Toliver, they, Humphrey and Martin, as he and Humphrey walked along up the street, said, ".I will, free him from his bond before sunset." Toliver was then under bond, charged with kill- ing Bradley. Martin killed Toliver with Humphrey's pistol. This was the evidence that the grand jury asked my advice on; and as the charge made against me of ordering Day and Toliver to kill four or five Radi- cals, I here give you the statements of W. A. Caudill, J. W. Johnson and H. Al. Keeton, which shows that statement untrue. "We certifv that we were at Morehead, Ky., on the first Monday in August, MM, and were in the yard of the Court House when the fight occurred in which Bradley was killed and Sysemore wounded, and we saw Z. T. Young in the yard and heard him hollow before the shooting began to part the parties, and Young remained in the yard and never went where they were fighting, and John Day and Floyd Tolliver came up in. an opposite direction from where Young was, and Young did not have an opportunity to say to Day or Tolliver to go and kill those Radi- c.l, .and we think that accusation against Young is untrue. We further state that we have never heard anyone say they heard Young make such a Statemnent. W. A. CAUDILL, H. M. KENTON, JAS. NV. JOHNSON." I see that the Courier-Journal has been pleased to state, from some cause, that I induced the Sheriff to summons W. WV. Phillips as one of the Aa1gistrates to try the parties charged with murdering Ravburn. This is also untrue, and I here give the statement of the Sheriff, which I say. is true, so far as I have any knowledge of it. It is as follows: "This is to certify, that it is not true that I selected WV. W. Phillips to act as an examining Court to try the parties charged with the mlurder of Ben. .Rayburn, at the instance of Z. T. Young. I believe Phillips to be an honest, good man, and for this reason I selected him myself. and without advice or suggestion from Young, and the report in the Courier- Journal to that effect is wholly untrue, and does Young and myself an injustice.. A. J. McKENZIE, Sheriff of Rowan County. I have been sqverely criticised for what I did and said in the trial when Pearce was on the stand as a witness. The facts as thev occurred there were perverted by the press. It was known before Pearce was put on the stand that he -intended to retract, hat he had stated in his confession, and while Hon. F. K. Prichard,. counsel for defendants, was examining Pearce, I asked Prichard and the Court to allow me to ask him some questions as I was personally interested, he having, together with Rayburn, attempted to assassinate me, and from what he told me, and front-what lie was then saying, I knew I could show his statesent on the witness standfalse. Afteraskiiglkiiiuaifew questions, andshow- ink him up in bad light as to his previous statemients concerning the log,. the rock and other facts and -circumstances, showing conclusively that he eould not have described these thing so accurately without havs ing been there, and hence that he; must have been telling the truth in is confession and a lie on the stand when he retracted hi confession. nd just at this time Gen. Hardin whispered to me and said that he had m'objection to my asking him any question thlt 1 might desire to show the confession made to me by Pearce was voluntary and notsuperin- ( 4 ) duced lay any unfair means up on my part. I immediately stopped and said to the Court that I had desired to ask Pearce suflicient questions to show that what he was swearing to was a lie, and that his confession was true. And I also stated that Gen. IlardIiin objected to my question- ing the witness, and that I should ask him nothinitg further, wHereupon I stopped my examination. And when this was said by me Gen.'T-ardhi arose and said that statement should not go unelhallenged, and that lie believed that Pearce was swearing the truth and ma(le quite a sensitive little speech, saying that he wanted to know who should Ce-ntrol the case, he or I. In response I said I had given the control of the case up to him and did not desire to take it away from hliml. I 1lso stated to the Court that Pearce's statement made either way (lid not atiect the guilt or innocence of the prisoners on trial. Whether Pearce and Rayburn did or did not shoot aue in either case it furnished no excuse to the prison- ers to unlawfully shoot laybaurn. I also added that I knew Pearce was swearing to a lie, and I now submit it to a fair public whether or not it was admissible for me to show the man who for a few dollars had watched the roadside to shoot my life out, could not be shown up as a liar by me when I was able to do so and whether I did wrong in saying what I did. It will certainly see l strange to the public that one thus outraged should have been prevented from bringing -ut the facts as they are and showing up this would-be assassin in his true light. I dare say that there is a good per cent of menl who would have shot him in his seat had they been treated by Pearce as I was. It will be remembered that I was a stranger to both Pearce and Rayburna, and they undertook their bloody job for i.0 and what they could steal off my person, the thought of which is shocking to the civ- ilized mind. I might state that in the trial just closed the Court gave the parties on )0oth sides great latitude in investigating all the troubles in Rowan, and in no instance was there a single fact proven which con- nected me with any of the crimes committed in this county, or even tended to show it in any way. And an account of the false statements made by the papers against ie I asked Gen. Hardin to prefer charges against me and give me a trial on theta, and lhe resp)ondled that lie citld not make any charges against me, nor did he know of any otl-;irse that I had committed, nor of anyone who would be willing to mnalke an afli- davit to the charges, and I told him to simply state theta and I would answer them and take the iproof, and he said he could not go into a side show of that kind, and I nowV demand of my accusers an imvestig ation of said charges, and if they dlo not give itto ne, I serene notice on then now that I will go before the nextgran d jury of this eounty andl denluand an investigation, and if guilty, want theta to indlict me, anid if not, I want them to sav to the w-orld that they could find no proof against ime. This is all that I 'eando, and when done 1 feel that I will satisfy all htli- est and fair-thinking men that I have no power to compel a prosecution by any one. Mr. Editor, I hope you will do me the kindness to give this space in the colw-nas of your paper, and oblige 2. T YoUNG. I went before the Grand Jury and asked an investigation of said charges against me at the August term of the Rowan Circuit Court, 1885, and said Grand Jury investigated same and reported that they could find no evidence against me, and I also give you what a few of the newspapers of the Fourteenth Judicial District said concerning my response to the charges made by enemies when I was a candidate for ( 5 ) Commonwealth's Attorney. I stumped the district, challenging my enemies to prefer specific charges against me, which they failed to do. Here is what the Flemingsburg Times-Democrat of October 9th, 1885, says: As previously sted, ol. T. Young spoke to a crowded audience at the tbe Court House Monday. His speech was a masterly review of his connection with tbe troubles in iowan, showing clearly that his course had been one of peace and not one of bloodshed. He met and refuted every charge that had been made against him of a sufficiently specific nature to be met and combatted. One favorite charge with the Republican press has been to say Humphrey was not allowed to hold the office of Sheriff of Rowan (County because he was a Republican. In refutation of that Young cited the well known fact that all the county officers of Rowan, save himself, were elected as Republicans, and held their offices Rs such, and that the reason Humphrey had to give up the office of Sheriff was that he could not give bond for the collection of the levy and revenue taxes, and for that reason the office was declared vacant by Judge Stewart, a Republican. He also explod- cii the charge that he "set up" the Grand Jury for the August term of the Rowan Circuit Court, by citing the fact which is, or should be, known by every intelligent man, and certainly to every attorney, that that Jury was Pelected six months before the August term of Court by Conmissioners appointed by Judge Cole at the Februarv term of Court. nearlv five months before the killing of Rayburn and burning of the Martin house. He also denied in toto the allegiation that he had procured or solicited in any way the presence of George T. Halbert at Rowan Circuit Court, or that he favored his elec- tion, but that on the contrary he voted for G. A. Cassidy, of this place, and that he afterwards asked Halbert to appoint said Cassidv as special prosecuting attorney, but that he refused to do so, and appointed Geo. E. Roe. He further demonstrated, as clearly as he possibly could, that he had not advised the Grand Jury at the February term, of the Rowan Circuit Court not to find an indictment against the murderers of John Martin. He also showed that instead of Humphrey being driven out of office because he was a Republican, he NYoung) had more right to say that his life had been attempted and he had been driven from home because he was a Democrat who held an office in Rowan County. At the close, he invited any one who had any question he desired to ask him, or who was not satisfied with his explanation on any point, to make it known, and he defied his enemies to controvert any of the statements he had made, but no one offered to question the truth of a single one, although W. C. Humphrey and several of his Rowan County backers were prominently resent. The speech occupied about two hours in delivery and was listened to with marked attention by the large audience, and many who had conne there opponents of Taylor Young went away his warn friends and supporters We like to see fair dealing. We dislike to see a man falsely ac- cused. It is the noblest instinct implanted in the human breast which impels us to espouse the cause of one we believe to have been wrong- fullv accused, and that sentiment is making Z. Taylor Young friends everywhere. We said some time since that if Young's accusers could establish by proof the truth of a single one of the numerous charges so freely insiuated against him, we would "drop him like a hot potato." But on the contrary, instead of their bringing forward testimony to prove their truth, he now takes the bull by the horns and proves, as far as it is pomble for a man to prove a negative, that there is no truth in ( 6 ) them. Those who are howling at his heels should "sIbo up' Or shut Up. The Carlisle Atercury has this to say of my speechat that pl;wvc under date of October 1., 1SS5: On M'nalavt last Col. Z. '. Youug, ctaitiilwlatol.f'r v11w l1ioerqll tivpvn:1- ination for jommonwealth's Attorney in this Judicial District,,lddres- ed a large crowd of people in our Court House, and in. prepsnteiag his claims to the people in his earnest atid manly way, won at niqniber of them to his support. He said that having been born and raised il Nicholas County, he came before her people with that degree of. pride usually felt by one cominglback to his own people and friends, and that while he disliked, to enter into a discussion sJ personal to inmself, he would do so as a matter of right and in justice to his good name. .. He had been charged with the most Ieinous offenses known to the aupals of crime, and when he demanded proof from his accusers, they. onlyre- plied with the cry that he was too smart to be caught. -Se.HJd bpeen charged with ordering the mirdering of mhen, but when he akedjfor proof, the cry was, "You have done it, butwe can't proveit." Hle.lad been charged with selling out in the discharge of hi.duties as an Qoficer, but when asked forproof it was not forthcoming.-Ue.had been charged, with corrupting juries, but. when he asked proof it could not be fur nished. He had been charged with fixing courts, but when he asked, proof, it was said he had acted one way and voted another In his most earnest tones he denounced his accusers and. defied them to substantiate one of their charges and he would retire from the field. Taken alto ther, it was a very frank and strong statement of his case and made hiim a number of supporters. The following is the' comment of the Vanceburg Courier on my speech at that place: According to previous announcement Col. Z T. Young spoke at the court house last Monday afternoon. The audience was fairly good as to number, and comprised the substantial, solid and Intelligent people of the neighborhood, who were attracted not so much by the weirknown force and ability of the speaker as to learn from his-own lips the history of the Rowan troubles and his connection therewith. To these subjects the principal portion of his address were directed. It was a minly de- fense of himself, and his denials of any unlawful or unholy alliance with the iaw-breakers and rioters of that county were so strongly sus- tained by the most incontrovertible evidence that there was left in the minds of his hearers no longer any groundwork upon which to base a belief of guilt. - The charges of his enemies were scattered like chaff, and the flimsy scraps of slander caught up one by one and torn to-shreds before the eves of the auditors. So complete was his denial and so eon- vincing the evidence to sustain that denial that many who had hereto- fore been skeptical openly declared their belief in his innocence. Eveh a leading Republican of the District, a lawyer of superiorability who is actuated in all things by a spirit of fairness, declared -that there was nothing against him'but rumors. From the first outbreak of difficulties in Rowan until the cnlminatibn' thereof, all events with which his name has been in any way connected, were taken up in regular form and handled'in such a masterly manner that all attempt to connect him in any way with the outlawrv of Rowan, fell under the weight of testimony bv which his ontradictions were sustained. Had his enemies one-haff tfie proof of' his guilt that bo has of his innocence; -there would be ( 7 ) strong reason for the doubts they claim to possess. . A it is, they ac- knowledge,. when penned to. the point, that they are in possession of nothing but 'rumors, and all efforts to run these rumors down have proven fruitless.. As the matter now stands his enemies must hasten'to bring forward some evidence to sustain them 'or their charges will fall With crushing' weight upon their own heads andproduce a reaction of public sentiment that cannot be checked. The belief that Colonel Young is being perse- cated by a gang of political shitepokes and slanderers is gaining ground, and the bo d and manly manner with, which he defies his accusers in every portion of the' district is winning for him good' friends and gold- en opinions. the idea of fair play is prevalent, and the Democracy are determined that no more unholy alliances shall' be ma4e-. no more cal- umniation allowed to the detriment of any candidate in the fight. The following is what the Licking.Valley Scorcher says, after quot- ing a part of an interview by a Yeoman reporter with Hon. -James An- drew Scott, who is now a member of the present house of representatives: "We extract from James Andrew Scott's letter to the Yeoman the following: Taylor Young is a magnificent specimen of physical and in- tellectual manhood. He is about six feet high, weighs about two hun- dred pounds, has dark hair and moustache, and keen,,brown eyed. He has a fine form, a handsome face, and a way of looking you full in the eye that almost convinces you that he is a deeply-injured man. He is courtly and magnetic in his manner, is a ready debater and a good law- yer; altogether, he is probably' the brightest, ablest man, of his. age in the mountains. His enemies concede his great ability, but, say alsothat he is the meanest man in Eastern Kentucky. This is not true. No man ever stood closer or 'longer by his friends than Taylor Young. I[No mat- ter what they do, though to stand by them may drag down and engulf him, in the hour of their trouble he is there to stay. He never forgets an act of kindness, and is steadfast in his friendships." The Scorcher says, editorially, that "Mr. Scott ought to have said further that he was generous to a fault, and incapable of doing a vicious or a mean act. As County Attorney of' Rowan County, he has rescued it from financial ruin, improved its public highways, reduced the burr. den of' taxation, and whenl he made an effort to reform 'its public morals by bringing offenders to justice, he was set upon and an at- tempt made 'to assassinate him on the public highway The efforts of his enemies to bring him into public contempt have been sec- onded by a venal .press and the strong arm of the State invoked to aid in the dirty work. He has defied his enemies to complicate him with any crime; and to-day he stands on the summit of victory, look- ing down contemptuously on the parties who would destroy-him. The people of that di-trict will vindicate him by electing him Common- wealth Attorney, and in so doing they will honor themselves and do justice to a much injured man." The following from the Greenup Gazette: Z. T. Young, Esq.,' addressed the citizens of Greenup at the 'Court House Monday at one'o'clock.: His speech was a defense -of himself in connection with the Rowan County trouble. He reviewed' the history and circumstances of the Rowan county trouble and-his connection with the same clear thtough, ,vindicatifig from his standpoint, his honor and standing officially and personally.' He denounced his accuseran liars and scoundrels and defied them to prove that his conduct in the trouble in his county had not been proper and straight as an official and a gen- ( 8 ) tleman. Mr. Young isearnest, and if his enemies have any proof of his guilt they should bring it forth, or forever hold their peace. They owe it to him and the public. He in going to make a determined fight for the nomination for the office of Commonwealth's Attorney in this district. If he should be so fortunate as to secure it, we have no doubt he will make s brilliant and aggressive campaign. None of these papers supported me in my canvass except the Flem- ingsburg Times-Democrat. I desire here to say that I did not submit my claims to the convention, not because I was skeptical of the result of that body, but I believed it best for the harmony of the party that I should decline making the race. I had no doubt that I would be nominated had I continued to be a candidate. That the origin oi the trouble of August, 1884, may be properly un- derstood, I will give a few general facts: In August, 1884, one John Mar tin and one Floyd Toliver had a difficulty, and Martin swore that he would kill Toliver the first opportunity he had. Martin, on one occa- sion, went to Farmers in company with others, armed, and went to the house of Toliver, it was believed, with the intention of killing him, but Toliver avoided him by keeping in the house. In the following December Toliver went to Morehead, which was the first time after the trouble in August previous with Martin, and on this occasion John Martin shot and killed Toliver. Thus, you see, that the "Martin faction" committed the first wrong The next wrong was committed by the "Toliver faction" by their taking John Martin out of the jail at Winchester and shooting him at Farmers, from the effects of which he died. The next outrage was committed by the Martin faction. They hired Pierce and Baburn to waylay the public rord and shoot me in March, 1885. Thus the wrongs went on; a violation of the law on one side brought on another. There was three attempts made to assassinate me after I was waylaid and shot. I herewith give the confession of Ed Pierce, the hired asisin, which was published in the paper of Eastern Kentuck at the time it was made. The statement is as follows: OwIIxGsvu.z, Ky., May 28.-A fe days Ed Pierce, a noted deperado of the mountains, who was captured in Greenup and lodged in jail atthisplaceon an old charge ol robbery now proves to be rare jase. and his capture will asurdly lead to tie arrest and conviction of all the guilty parties engaged in the recent disgraceful proceedings in llowan County. Col. Z. T. Young and his son, Allie, arrived in this place Monday evening, and, in company with Hon. J. M. Nesbitt, a prominent at- torney of this place, repaired to the jail, where quite a number soon ( 9 ) congregated by the report that Pierce had sent for the Meow Young for the purpose of making a "clea breast" of the part he had taken in the "Rowan war." When brought ought of his cell, Pierce re- fused to talk in the presence of so many. All then left the j save Z. T. Young and Mr. Nesbitt. To these gentlemen it is maid Pierce made a confession. Learning these tacts, your correspondent wont to the jail on the following day and obtained from Pierce, in substanee, the fol- lowing statement: "iie was visited at his home some time in January by David Martin, brother of John. who offered him 2 per day and all the whisky he wanted to go with him to Rowan and assist him. Pierce refused to go. Martin made two other trips before he consented to go with him. He went, and on that occasion formed the acquaintance of Sheriff Cook' Humphrey. On this trip he and eight or ten others, whose names we give, including Humphrey and his deputy, Bumgardner, went into an arrangment to go into Morehead one night during Circuit Court and mob Jeff and Alvin Bowling, John C Day, Z. T. Young and, others. Humphrey was to look over the ground andl report to the rest of them, who stopped within a quarter of a mile of town to view the expediency of the mooal at that time. Humphrey reported a good nutber in town, and some of the gang weakened and then Pierce went home. After this Humphrey axd Miss Sue Martin came after him and he went back to Rowan. -He was handed a list, with some seven or eight names on it, including that of Z. T. Young, and told that he would be paid 50 for killing Young and 25 for each of the others. In company with one Ben Rayburn, he watched the road between Morehead and Queen City two days to kill Jeff Bowling, but Bowling failed to come along. "A short time after this Stewart uiumgarduer, the Deputy Sheriff, came to Ben Martin's house, where Pierce and Rayburn were being harbored, and told them that Young had been employed to go to the country and attend-to a suit on Saturday, March 7, and that would be the time to get him. The arrangments were made. Bumgardner was to accompany Young to the trial but Young was not to be 8hot while in company with Buumgardner, as that would throw suspicion on him. They stayed the night before at Ben Martin's, and when Young and Bum- gardner passed by Young was pointed oat to them by -Miss Sue Martin from the window of an upsars room, who told them to take a good look at him, so they could easilv recognize him. They then went and stationed themselves on the road and watched for Young until he came back. Ravburn did the shooting, firing two shots. When they went back that night Mrs. Ben Martin was very indignant because they had failed to kill Young. She said she would get old Clate Jones and they wo Id kill Young. Humphrey paid them 7.50 a piece for what they had done and they went home. The evening before the shooting they were sent a pint of whisky by Miss Sue Martin, which was to be drunk on the occasion of the shooting of Young. 'Humphrey again came and prevailed on Pierce to return. On this occasion he was boarded by Captain James Carey in Morehead, and Humphrey gave him a Winchester rifle. They did nothing more on this tip th to fire on Bowling, Day and Allie Young in Morehead, when a general shooting mtchi tooks place between the two parties. When the. Tolliver side was reinforced to such an extent as to cause a retreat, they intended to bushwhack. Some of the Martin party became doubtful al;out success. So they concluded to go to the governor to tr to get troops. "When they came after me to go to Rlowan they represented to me that there were a few lawless men whom they wanted to kill and get out of the way, and that all of the good men would stand up to us in (10) the action. When I 't there I 'found it just the reverse, and. that the side I'as Fin had no good mein for friends. It is my opin- ion that if Young stays in Rowan Coudt' Hnmphrey;, together with the Martin wonen,,will have him killed. Humphrey visited kle in the jail here last oeesk and 'told me not to tell anything, that he would get me bond, but'he has' ndt' done it." It is learned fron the Town Marshal of Owingesville that Hum- hrey told hiln'that he (Hxnmphrey)"wEas 'to blame fr all that' Pierce had done in -Rovan -that he took him there. That whatever harm was done to Pierce shouid be dbne to Humphrey, as he was responsible for his actions in that county. It is believed that the course Young has adopted will result in'bringing all of the guilty parties concerned in the late Rowan troubles to justice and punishment. He succeeded in con- vieting one of the parties in the Fleming Circuit Court last week. The-next move made by the " Martin faction" was to have me and others killed at the instigation of old Dr. H. Logan, and one Jas Pelfry and Lou lsyborn were. to do it, an account; of which was published at the time by the Kentucxy Press. I herewith give an account of it, written by D. D. Logan, which bears date of Scptember2ftht 1886: NIOREHEAD, Ky.,' September 20, 1886. At the August election, when the people of Rowan County so blunt- ly rebuked Cook Humphrey and his followers by electing the men they opposed by the largest majority 'ever giveh to a whole ticket for county officers in' this coUnty, 'and when in the following week of Circuit Court, Humphrey,-through his attorneys, secured the cancelation of the charges against him by the Commonwealth on the conditions now so familiar to every reader, a delicate hope was born in the winds of all good citizens and cherished by every patriotic' heart in Rowan County, that the final scene between the warring factions had ended, and that they would soon erase the 'bloody recollection of past conflicts. But the past week has brought to light such circumstances as'to completely expel the fond delusion. A few of the circumstances it is my intention to relate. From the incipiency of the 'war in Rcein" till the last term of the court, th Martin womene and Cook Humplii'v, on that side, ostensibly played the most prominent p art: But it has been felt all the while that there M ias a dark mlovr behind the curtain that was the life-boat of their existence. He indeed zealously defends their 'c6ndluct, but stoutly denies com- plicity in any scheme' of theirs to assassinate and murder; but develop- ments of the past 'week have well nigh fastened guilt 'of participation where it-has so justly belonged on many'tccasions of 'disgrace andi dis- honor. On the Wth inst., 'the Creston Circus exhibited in Morehead. The occasion, as usualbrnught ilhany people from the 'surrounding country to Morehead, and'I anong others 'James' Pelfry, brother to Whit' Pelfry, who wag killed at Hog Town by Thomb Goldan. Pelfry got drunk and was put in jail and kept until next 'dat Jim expected to b "persecu- ted" for his' shorteomixigs by Taylor and Allie Young. Ielfry had brought his wife and two dhildren to the show. His wife had to drive the team' home Itwo horbes' and a" farm Wagon). Taylor Young, who was not in Morehead that day came home that evening. On the next morning tSatuiduy) hotlearned of Pelfry's misfortune and remarked to his son,5Alke Y6xrtgi Who is the present County Aitorney of Rowan County, 1b the piysene' of Grren 'M Aenih, that relfry irws poor and that his brother, Whit, had been killed but a short time, and that it would ( 11 ) be inhuman to ptosecnte him for being drunk and advised Aflie Youn1 to have him let out of jail to go home to his family. Aceordingly, Pel- fry, to his pleasant Burprise. was not fined. PelV ad Green 'aannn engaged In conversation' sqhie time during the day after Pelfiry was let out of jail, when he 1Pelfry) reknarked that he expected to be fined for being drunk, but was not. 31annin answered that Taylor Young had interceded for him, or possibly he would hwve been put to some trouble- Pelfry questioned Mandifin o closely about that Tavlor Youngtsaid that Mannin observed that Pifry's countenahceeaiid words showerd an unht- sual degree of interest. This' furbished the key to the revilatioh of a conspiracv to assassinate several citizens. Maninin asked Pelfry whv he was so intltusitive. Pelfry responded "tiat It bad been but ii few davs since Henry Logan offred ine 5100'to kill'Taylor Young. Ue Bas treat- ed me like a gentleman, and I intend to tellr him (Young) about it." Pelfry was then taken to Young, and upon fuither inquiry t6id the following shocking story: 'On the Friday preceding the Fleming County Court day in Aw gust (4th Monday); James Hoffman aird I went to Lewis County to bent a farm. On Kinney Ave met Dr. Henry Logan and 1dui6 'Rvyborn, a cousin of Ben Rayborn, who was killed at Mrs. Martin's last winter. After eafling me ts one side Henry Logan said he had been wanting tbi ste me for several days. He said, 'Jim. your brother Whit has been killed, and the Morehead clique is goiig 'to acquit (46odan for it. I want you to help Louis Rayborn (Rayborn w as stapding by us during the entire conversation,) kill Taylor I" Tong, '1Vnm. Ramey, Henry Rarnev, D. B. Logan and John Keeton. I will furnish yonu a Winchester rifle and give 100 apiece for every one von kill. I told him I could not af- ford to get into trouble of that kina, as' ' had a wife and two children depending on me for support He insisted, and I agreed to heip. I did not go after reflection. Pelfry saidl he could demonstrate tlb truth of what he said by get- ting Henry Logan to 'come to hiuh at soine designated place with the rife and the money. Thiaho agreed to undertake, and for that purpose went to Henry Logan's residence last Monday. He found Logan at home and agreed with him to meet him (Lo- gan) and Louis Rayborn at an uninhabited Leuse about two miles from Morehead, on a branch one mile distant from the habitation of any.one. The arrangement wasUtf feet on Thursday, the 16th inst., at 9 oiclock a. m. Pelfrv, in company with five wellarmed men, wenton Thursday morning, before daylight, to the appointed place and all secreted them- selves but Pelfry. They waited till after the hour had come and gone whten Logan and Rayborn should have arrived, but they did not appear. Logan's and Rayborn's failure to conie caused some doubt as to Pel- fry's sincerity, and the parties interesteil began to investigate to see if cir- cumstances .wrarrantedl belief of Pelfry's story, and to see if the other side had got wind of the movement. Sure enough the traitor was found. Jbhn Keeton had on Monday made known the apknowledgments of Pelfry -to old Allen Keeton, his father. " Old Al " has for a long time belonged to that clan. Straight- way he revealed the matter, and of course, old Henry Logan Aot the newrs as q ick as a courier could take it to him, which, however, was notsoon' er than Wednesday evening, for as soon as the arrangements had been completed with Pelfry on Mondayi old Henry Logalt wade off for Ray- born's house in the northeast part of the county. Rayborn and old Henry came down the north forl of Triplett to- gether on Wednesday evening. Rayborn told several personson the way that lie was going down home with Dr. Logan to get some medicine. Ol Ben Ravborn, father of Louis, was in town on Saturrday and gave as ( 12 ') excuse for Louis coming down with old Henry at that particular time, that Louis and old Henry were trying to make a cow trade. However, the cow trade was not much, and as to whether Louis got the medicine or not I cannot say. Pelfry says Rayborn told him on Kinny, the day he first met old Henry and him (Rayborn), that he (Rayborn) already had his rifle and 100 to begin with. Rayborn also told Pelfry of a difficulty that had occurred between him (Rayborn), and D. B. Logan at Pine Sprigs on last August election day, a circumstance which Peifry would not likely have known withou- Rayrborn had communicated to him, and which tends to support Pelt frye sstatements. Iam also informed that old Henry acknowledged that Pelfry was at his house on Monday and said that he intended to kill Taylor Young. But that comes after plans for assassination is discovered and does not re- flect anything to old Hienry's credit. Pelfry says old Henry told him on Monday, that he had a man who had been watching Taylor Young's movements for a month and that when he (Pelfry), got ready to kill him he could hide himself in a growth of high weeds at the rear of the Cen- tral Hotel and could shoot him any morning between six and nine o'clock. This query for the man who thinks, "where does the money come from" Why should Wm. Ramey and his son, Henry, be placed on the dead list' Dr. Henry -Logan and Louis Rayborn are only tools of iniquity. There is a main-spring that moves these machines. Whenever the turf is set over the corpse of the workman that moves these machines, then will Rowan county be a place where decent citizens may live in peace. CITIZEN. In the third attempt to kill me, they also included Judge Cole and my son. Allie Young. This was revealed by Alexander Harris, alias Alex- ander Pendulum Pendulum, who had been for several weeks staying at old Henry Logan's, came to Morehead, and his movements exciting suspicion, he was arrested, and, when asked where he was from, did not give a straight account of himself. On his person was found a pistol and some shotgun cartridges loaded with buckshot. These circum- stances excited suspicion, and ultimately Pierce, alias Pendulum, made a statement in which he confessed that " Dr. Henry Logan had hired him, Lou Rabourn and Morgan McClerry to come to Morehead and kill Judge Cole, my son Alley Young and myself. That they were to kill us from the bushes, provided that they could do so, and if that could not be done that they were at night to burn the hotpl where we were staying and to kill us as we ran out, Now, that the public may more fully understand the origin of the troubles in Rowan County, and the history as to the commencement and origin, I give you the following statements which were written by D. B. Logan in September and October, 1885, and published in the Mt. ( 13 ) Sterling Sentinel-Democrat. So far as I am acquainted with the facts- they are correct. The writer of this communication to the Sentinel, Democrat is the same D. B. Logan who was the leader of the mob in Morehead on the 22d of June, 1886, which mob killed the Tollivers and Cooper. I presume his statements are good authority with the "Martin faction." Said communications are as follows: MORRHEJ , Ky., August 31. Editors Sentinel-Democrat: P. Watt Hardin's game-bag must be very capacious judging from the emanations appearing in the Courier-Journal from time to time. We hope he will disgorge the nauseous contents soon. AMr. Hardin, you cant hide behind "Editorial" and "Correspondents from More- head." Your name is stamped indelibly in every sentence. Besides, we know that the lowest and meanest man in Morehead is not low and mean enough to write such an infamous pack of lies as the pieces in the Courier-Journal in referance to l'owan County. To read the Courier- Journal one would think that there was but one side to the Rowan trouble, and a very bad side, "and Taylor Young at the bottom of it." We propose to give a review of the matter and let the people judge. Several pieces have been written to the Courier-Journal setting forth the facts in the case, but as they dld not suit the "Frankfort ring, they never found their way into that organ. There has, since the war, been two parties in this section of the country, both political and factional. Previously there was the Holbrook and Underwood factions. John Martin was a survivor of the Under- wood faction. You need only to ask the best people in this and adIjoin- in counties and you will find that Martin was a very bad man, a noted hor-thief and murdeer. Among his victims was one Pres Blair, his sister-in-law's brother. The said Blair once belonged to the UnderwoodI faction. Blair became conscience-smitten, and concluded to quit their deviltry, and began his new life by writing a history of their intrigues and black deeds. This did not suit Martin and his colleagues. So on one bright Sab- bath morning Martin sallied forth to kill Blair. Martin called Blair out from the presence of his (Blair's) sister and shot him down. Martin of course came out clear, as he had his witnesses pre-arranged. Imnedi- ately after this Martin and his colleagues searched the house and found Blair's writings and eonfiscated them. To the present day they have not turned up. He had committed innumerable crimes, which would be tedious and useless to mention, but always came out clear by suborning and intimi- dating witnesses, and such other tricks as thieves and murderers resort to. He was a terror to the country, and scarcely any one had temuity enough to criticize his deeds, for they had good grounds to believe that their necks would pay the penalty. On the 6th of August, one year ago, John Martin shot and killed Sol Bradley, as can be proved; but for fear full justice would not be done, Z. T. Young advised the grand jury to indict Floyd Tolliver jointly with Martin, as Tolliver fired a shot during the melee. The Martins all knew that Tolliver could prove his innocence of the charge, and knew fully as well that John would be proven guilty, and that was sufficient grounds ( 14 ) forTthvf to TAot to put Tqlliver out of the way. They were aided and aietteA'1y their'bonfederate Cook Humphroy. So the grand jury de- ided laFebruary,olsothiia;st term of court. They puttheirtdiabolical lanino eeution, by John Martin shooting. Tolliver in the most cow- dlhv, rdly mner. Martin was immediately arrested and put in jaiL Taylor Youngput a strong gua Maround the-jail tothwart anv at- tempt at mobbing the murderer. The guard was composed mostly of Martan's friends, his brothers, and Cook Humphrey being one of them. ,le was kept in jail herb only.one night, when Young procured an order to send him to the Winchestrr jail for safe keeping. Mr Younig, with a trong guard of Mlartin's friends, escorted him to the depot; rather, they stopped about 200 yards froma the depot to avoid' my pomible harm to Martin. At tlhe request of Marin's wife and mother, Young accompa- nied him as far as Mt. Sterling. Indeed, Young took szch particular care of Martin that more than one was heard to remark: '-Young is astipg pearl before swine. If any harm comes to Martin, they will blame ylor the first one." This very baL man .Martin) ended a very d eer on the night of the 17th of last Decmber. We do not Jusif the manner in which he came to his death. For from it. We think it was cowardly and mean to' kill him in the way he was killed, but we do say he richly deserved his death. mrs. Martin, his mother, assumed that Floyd Tolliver's 1kindred and friends did the deed, and vowed over her-son's dead body to be re- venged on them, and according, to prophesy accused Tavlor Young of being at the bottom of it.. Every one knows that he. was not, and only his bitterest enemies wuil say that he was, and, they know they lie when they say so. Craig Tolliver carried his brother Floyd's body away from here, and was not again seen here, only at court, afterwards, until the 1st or 2d day of ApriR. He came here then in this way: He had started West to make his home there. He got off of the train at Mt. Sterling, and while waiting for it to start heard a telegram read to the offect that FA Pierce and Cook. Hlumphrey had attacked John Day. and Jeff Bowl- ing. He waited in-Mt Sterling till the first train passed going east; that he bardedandcameto the reue of. his friends. It plainly shows that the so-called Tolliver faction had no idea of a shooting match or any further trouble, or Craig would never have started Wrest. The Tolliver party may have done many things during that flrst war that was wroug. We censure them for whatever they d wrong, and don't seek to justify them. All wee ask is a fair, impartial statement of facts, and we are perfectly willing for the public- to judge. As soon as the famous peace commission was -signed, Tolliver started to see hit mothern Mora, but was solicited to return and become our Town Mar4hal. . He did return at the earnest solicitations of his friends and a great many of the Martin party. 'When Cools Humphrey heard- that Tolliver had become. Town Mar- shar he leaped into the-air and exclaimed:. '" We have got him now where we, pant him. It wilL be. an easy uiatter.to get rid of him now." The Martin. party, boasted that they only signed the treaty to get more time to fix their plans. and increase, their forces. One Muse (one of Humphrey's deputies) wrote to Pierce and told him to hold himself in padiness; that as soon asthe leaves put-out good they would want him again;, that the treaty was only to give them more time. They seemod to.nean what-they maid, for from time to time the citi- es conld her, of their war-likle prepartions. Men well armed were eeeA,several times,lookipgator d the Cottage. Hotel, where Craig Tolli- ver boarded, at the dead hour of night. These -demonstrations were ( 1 ) taken note of, but not resented, for the Tolliver faction was anxious to have peace. Craig Tolliver staid i town and atteuded Aticey to his business; and let hne say right here thaf we sever hWd . more, efficient Marshal than Craig Tolliver. He knew neither friend or foe,41lack or White, in the discharge of his duty. The Courier-Journal of August 27 says: "The facts, of the late killings are fresh in the tninds of your readers. The a. and 0. midnight train East brins from Farmers the Part of the clan stationed there." The truth is there was no organizedTolliver clan, 4ad iToluiver had no men stationed at Farmers or any place else He canme a14le on the midnight train in answer to a telegrrnm asking him to eooie, as Hum- phrey and his men were expected every minute to rid the towns Such was the report ahd belief, backed by stabbOrn facts. When the train arrived at Morehead he fofind five men and b'Ws guard'ig the Cottage Hotel. 'No of 'them lived thee, and a third was Kwoppig there for the night He lived out of town several miles.'' It vas believed that the Cottage Hotel would be their firs( point ot attack. that being Tallivers boarding place. Judge Minnies Was there. He hid bKen spending his nights there for some time. His 'life had been threatened and he con- sidered it dangerous to stay at home. When Tolliver caine Mininick gave him the warrant for the arrest of Humphreys and others, and he summoned the' en thVre .to go with him to thle Martin home a fdz make the arrests. Humphrey, with armed men, had been 'seen repeatedly at Martin's. Miss Sue, swore be- fore the grand jury that Humphrey came to bid ifs sweetheart - bye. Humphrey swore that hewas on his way to give a new bond, al- though the office of Sheriff bad been declared vacant on the Friday. before Tolliver failed fto make the arrest. 1ie was badly wounded 'bv Humphrey. Raybourn was killed while resisting arrest. Sue- Martin and Cook Humphrey telegraphed 'the (ovemor for troops, and they were sent instanter. Can the Governor explain i's inconsistency Dur- ing the first outbreak hie was applied to through the proper channels and in a legal way for troops. le refused them, and istead dragged some of' our citizens down to Louisville at the expense of the Statejand then fixed, up a kind of 'treaty. ' This last time he was applied to by two private individuals of''the Martin faction, and he. Without any legal right whatever, complied with their demands. Then came Proctor in a few hours hunted up the County Judge, had him write out some docu- ments and forge the date, having him date them prior to the arrival of the troops. I don't wonder thatjthey want legAslatiou. They surely need it to cover up some of their illegal' acts. Hardin says it was known from the beginning that Phillips, one of the Alagistrates, would agquit the men arrested for the murder of Ray- bnrn.- That is false. But it was known two weeks before the beginning that 'Moore, the other Magistrate, would 'condemn them' if he ever got a chance. This fact, as well as all the others we state,,can be proven. Uncle Billy Phillips is widely knoi-n as a just Christian gentleman. No one can tell the truth and sav aught against him. He has always beenl'sustained in his rulings by the higher courtS, having never had a decision reversed. Neither is he a crouching coward. While the trial wvas going on he found one imiorning a note sticking on, his gate-post, telling him to be'eareful'how lb ruled, and not to acquit the men on trial, or his life would pay the forfeit.' 'Bht' ie bram.1y and manfully went ofn and did his duty fn thP face of the mean threat. WVe were in the couirt-room 'wfhen' Young fully dipmoostrated the truth of Pierce's printed confession. I would aidiso Hardin to read u a little'and see what the duty of a Cbhmonwiealth's Aotrney is. hiiik 'he 'will find tiat. they'otwe A solenuiit''fyto the asc'nted. Pierce's ( 1i ) confession had nothing to do with the guilt or innocence of the parties under arrest, but if it had it would have been the duty of the Com- monwealth's Attorney to get the pure truth if possible. We failed to hear or see any menace or threat to Hardin from the defendants or their friends We also failed to hear, although we paid strict attention, Hardin reprove Colonel Young. Wattie, I believe you have forgotten that old axiom, " Self praise is half scandal." I am surprised that you effect to despise manipulators after offering A. J. McKenzie 500 if he would consent to be a candidate for the 'Sheriffalty, and telling Mr. Rot, you would get the Legislature to make an appropriation of 300 for him if he would prosecute the parties, intimating that he must follow jour directions and wishes in the prosecution. Because they were too kon- orable to be bought, you turn on them and try to tarnish their fair names and escutcheon. Shame! Shame! Mr. Hardin's conduct and statements have been altogether partial and unjust in the extreme, and there is only one thought that will tend to paliate his unjust course, and that is this: When he arrived at More- head he was beseiged bv the Martin women from morning till night; they poured doleful tales into his willing ear, put on their sweetest, sad- est looks, and now and then a gentleman friend would drop in on Mr. IL, as if by accident, and corroborate their sad story. Oh, the chican- ery and cunning of the Martin party. Hardin didn't seek to investigate the other side. On the contrary, he avoided any conversation with them. One more point. Hardin, while "persecuting" an officer and his posse for legally and justly killing an outlaw and hired assassin, defend- ed real criminals and justified their crimes. lie stated that Humphiev did right to shoot the officer who was attempting to arrest him "but It was a great pity he didn't take a little better aim," that he wouid have been perfectly justified if he had killed the officer and all his posse, thus setting up a defense for Humphrey before he was on trial and before the grand jury had indicted him. He also stated in his smooth, insinuat- ing mannur that the warrant sworn out against Mrs. Martin was without foundation, defending her before she was on trial, andI making a false statement to do it. Who wants such a man to act as Common- wealth's Attorney Echo answers, Who Defending the guilty while persecuting the innocent. The grand jury decided, oin their oaths, that he was wrong in both cases. Sworn evidence against P. Watt Hardin's prejudiced, unreliable statements. Which is to be believed This is only a sarmple of his unjust conduct while here. We need a special act of the Legislature to enable Hardin to defend his favorites and persecute their enemies, and to make it lawful for Knott to steal his nomination, and to miake the State officials accountable for spending tlhe State's money illegally as they have done in Rovan and elsewhere. They know of their illegal acts, and want to stuff r Legislature to cover up their illegality. The Fleiningsburg Times-Democrat states the plain truth when it says: "Gov. Knott and Gen. Hardin became as strong partisans of the Martin faction as Taylor Young could be of the Toliver clan." Taylor Young has done more to keep down trouble in Rowan than any other man. His advice has always been for peace. We agree with Col. Z. T. Young's enemies as to his shrewd ness and ability as a lawyer, andi give it as one of the chief reasons for his trying to keep order and peace. His home, his property, his very life depends on the unity of the factions. We are forced to believe that it is en-v of his high attainments that has caused his enemies to persecute hihi in the way they have. The reporters that have written up the lIowan history have willfully ( 17 ) or ignorantly written up the most compact set of lies that have ever been in print CITIZENN. P. S.-Dillon was not forced to resign as deputy under Humphrey He said to a citizen of Morehead (who can be produced at any time): "Cook Humphrey promised to turn all the business over to une and leave the county. He did not keep his agreement, so I wouldn't have anything to do with the Sheriff's business. C. MOiEHEAD, Ky., Aug. 24.-Your correspondent has noticed an arti- cle in the Courier-Journal of 22d inst. purporting to be written from Morehead and headed "Rowan County." No citizen of this county would have hardihood to write such intolerable lies as are found in al- most every sentence of the article referred to. As a citizen of Rowan County, and feeling as I do, an interest in the peace and welfare of the county and its citizenship, and A restoration of order and the enforce- ment of the law, I deem it my dtuty, in defense of myself and relatives and the people among whom I live, to challenge this collection of false- hoods. Hitherto the scribblers for the press have generally assailed the so-called Tolliver faction, but in that article the author assails the judge who presided at the late term of the Circuit Court, assails the Common- wealth's Attorney prl ten. assails the Grand Jury properly selected by the Jury Commissioners six months ago, before ryburn or Bumgard- ner was killed or Z. T. Young was wounded, and before the fighting in April or the burning of Mrs Martin's house, before a State official or soldier ever appeared on the scene of trouble. He also assails the late Sheriff, McKenzie, appointed by the County Judge and atthe instance of the friends of the so-called Martin faction and Attorney-General Hardin. In fact he assails the integrity of every officer connected with the court. He charges that two of the Grand Jurymen were lately on trial for the muder of Ben Rayburn. This is untrue. James Oxley, one of the parties tried for the murder of Rayburn before the examiningcourt was on the Grand Jury, but was selected, as before stated, by the Jury (om- misoners six months ago, and is a man against whom naught had ever been said until he was charged with the murder of Rayburn. He (Oxley) was the only man on that Grand Jury that was charged with or tried for killing Ben Rayburn. He (Oxley) and T. J. Trumbo kfather of John Trumbo, one of the men tried for killing Rayburn) were excused from the Grand Jury on the 2d or 3d day of sitting on their own motion, and other men, unconnected with the trouble, put in their places. I defy, challenge and will pay a liberal reward to the author of the infa- mous article to show up any member of the Grand Jury in any other light than that of a law-abiding, peacable, honest citizen. That cor- respondent tells how the law has been overridden in other-counties for a time, and how, finally the strong arm of the law triumph- ed when backed by the moral support of the good people, and how the courts punished the guilty and restored peace and good order. And then asks why the case is different in Rowan County, and pretends to solve the question by saying the officers of the law have been the chief actors, and that they have used their offices as a pretext for crimne and as a refuge for the criminal. I don't know what officer has acted so badly. He intimates that the County Attorney, Z. T. Young, is one. Mr. Young seems to be the object of his text. Indeed the whole text, to borrow the writer's own language, smells strong of the dictation of one whose bias is a byword here, of one who came to gather laurels for his own brow by punishing a few innocent men while the guilty were to be left lurking in the brush to again begin their rapacities undertaken for money, of one who suffered disappointment at the hands of his "master manipulator," as he is pleased to call him, of one who took advice and obtained information only from partisans who are masters in ( 18 ) the liars' profession The reader's attention is invited to a communaillica- tion published in the Yeoman of August 23d as an interview wvitlh James A ndrew Scott, in which Scott discloses the fact that he and Major Kinney were here for the express purpose of preventing trials from being h ad. Both S ott and Kinney were sent here at the instance of trov ernor Knott. I infer from the language of the article in the Courier- Journal that the author is a full partner of Knott, Hardin Co., anal therefore am forced to belive that he seeks advantage from the firm's own wrong. Besides, he heaps an unjust censure upon the head of the court for not discovering this bad faith in the agentts of the Governor. When I say baidfaith I mean it. Foi it was costing the tax-payers of the State not less than 25O per (lay to maintain and pay the soldiers and the ordinary expenses of the court-all that the agents of the Gov- ernor might "stave off trials" as Scott expressed it. The article in the Courier says Humphrey and Rayburn had cautiously crept to Mrs. Martin's house so thatllumphrey could bid his sweetheart good-bye before starting for Kansas. But Humphrey testified before the Grand Jury that he had come to execute bond as Sheriff of Rowan County, although the County Judge had declared the office vacant on the Fri- day previous He (the writer) alleges that Allie Young and Craig Tol- liver suggested to Ed Pierce his confession. This is untrue. Pierce testefied that it was a lie that lie himself had made it without the aid or suggestion of any one. The writer says that the Governor and Attorney General, before Halbert was elected Judge, and before lie appointed Roe Common- wealth's Attorney, interviewed him (Halbert) in person and made known the situation and requested the appointment of W. W. McGuire, who had assisted in the prosecution before the examining court of the parties charged with the murder of Rayburn, and who was conversant with the facts, c. I want the readers of this to know that McGuire had money in his pockot to prosecute the Tollivers and to defend Mrs. Martin for selling the poisoned turkey. Yet this man was selected by the Governor and Attorney-General as a person fit for Commonwealth s Attorney pro tem, instead of the Hon. (Geo. E. Roe, of Greenup, a man who knew none, or very few at least, of the parties to the late dif- ficulties. Be it said in defense of the fairness and honesty of James A. Scott that he had the manhood to withdraw far enough from the firm of Knott, Hardin Co. to acknowledge that the conduct of George E. Roe was perfectly fair and upon a high plain,in the interview before referred to The press of the State has sailed into the Tolliver faction, and the State officials and press tan see no harm in the Martin faction. If they will look at both sides they will see wrongs, grievous wrongs, in either. They will see it was wrong to mob John Martin, to kill Bumgardner, or burn Mrm Martin's house. Thev will see there is something in the dark to induce Rayburn and Pierce to be here in the capacity of as- sassins when they have no friends nor relations in the trouble. On the other hand they will see Craig Tolliver's motives was to revenge the death of his brother. The origin of the difficulties here dates back to the famous Green- Hargis, trial, in 1879. The slanderers who have brought disgrace to the county and perverted the truth to such a shameful degree were trained in the art of lying with impunity in the school of that perfidious old rene- gade, Tom Green. Here in this county almost to the man who held up the hands of Tom Green and accepted his base lies for gracious truths, have been the men (and women) who took a deiight in traducing the character of every gentleman or lady who did not stand by and uphold the conduct of Cook Humphrey and his hireling:'followers, and on the other hand condemn the men against whom their calumny was hurled, ( 19 ) and vho xvere ti e inten'ded victims of their deadly hatredI and I ireling rapacities. To persons who have lived here in Rowan since 1879, who are con- versant with the details of that trial, and with the late trouble here, it is unnecessary to trace ti is; for it has becone a part of what they know just as vell as they know tlat Mtondla follows Sundlay. In that trial the mla- ligners of Hargis learned to testifv to w,hatever their vicious inipllses caused the n to tell, or they heard told, with as much solemnauitx as if it had been a sacred truth. Hargis' friends (lid not hesitate to l allenge these falsehoods. The friends of and witnesses of Green of course took offense at this censure. Neither party ever nLadV any concessions or apologies to the other. Every trivial difficulty which arose between the friends or adlherents of the factions tended to broadeli and dee'en the alrea-iy distinctly (lefined chasi n that kept ajar the avenues of slander. Eith er p-arty generallv always dlung to his friend, right or wroxng, from the dlate of the Green-Hargis trial till now. Espeeially at each election (lid the Green and Hargis factioi s martial t eiselves against each other, and the number oln each side being about the same, the suceess of either dependedl considerably on the amount of nioney used and the skill with which itwas used. EverN' drunkienfiglht whichhocirredon eletion lay was sure to make the incision deeper and the hatred more dea dly. The reader will recollect that Judge Hargis' valise which contained his law license was stolen wvhile here -at Morehead, and that John 3Martin was charged with the theft, and that Martin was a witniess against Hargis for Green. A. M Bowling was Marshal of Morehead at the time, and a witness for Hargis. During this trial MIartin and Bowling became in- veterate enemies of each other. The press has indulged macu h vague spec- ulation, and has reported many perversions of the cause of the difficulty on1 August 4, 1884, (election day), in which Solomon Bradley was killed and ,John Martin and Ad. Syzemore wounded. There is a gentleman eonnectedl with your paper that will bear wvitness to the truth of what I now vrite: A few (lays before the August election in 1884, Judge Carey, proprietor of the (auft House at this place, gave the young folks leave to dlance awhile one night in one of the rooms of the (vault liouse. Win. Trumbo and wife were there; H. G. Price, a stave d ealer, was boarding there at that time. Trumbo's wife went upstairs to a room while the (lance was going on below and lay (town on a bed and went to sleep. She did not know that she was in Price's room. Price wpnt up to bed andl found her in his room and made some indecent remarks to her. Tnrmbo's wife told him about Price's mistake, whic h enraged Trumbo, but, how- ever, he said nothing till election dlay, when 'le got full of whiskey and found Price and commenced a quarrel with him, and a fight between Trumbo and Price ensued. This took place about 4 o'cloec p. m, just after the passenger train from the West arrived, which brought Floyd Tolliver, James Carey and others from Farmers. As usual John MAaftin run in where Trumbo and Price were fighting, with his pistol in han(l and was soon engaged in a quarrel with John Keeton. Truinbo and Martin are brothers-in-law, but Martin took Price's side in the tight. Allen Sutton, then Marshal of Morehead, appeared on the ground ii time of the quarrel between Keeton and Martin and took their piStols from them. Sutton got into the row himself by getting angry at somle offnse offered him by Keeton. A general row ensued, and wlien Floyd Tolliver and John C. Day arrived on the scene of trouble; Day, ass Sher- iff, commanded peace, but he had not more than spoken til rocks be- gan to fly through the air in a manner that never meant safety and peace. I)ay shot and seriously wounded Ad. Syzemore. Floyd Tolliver and John Martin engaged in a fight with each other. Solomon Bradley was shot and killed. is not known to a certainty who (lid it. B oth ( 20 ) T lliver and Martin were indicted for it. Bradley was trying for peace, an(l eertainlv wa. shot accidentallv. Ali the l)arties engaged in the fight, when indictments were found against the i, they came into court and e(xecuted bond for their appearance at the succeeding term of the Circuit Court. Both Martin anl Tolliver came into court and execute d bond for their appearance to answer the charges against them for thle killing of Bradley. But, alas! before the six months rolled around .Jno. Martin aind Floyd Tolliver were in their graves. At this time is when Cook Humtiphrev's connection with the trouble commences. It will be remembe'red that Sam, n G-odan was the Denmocratic candlidate for Sheriff and W. C. Hlumphrey the Republican. Tolliver was a Democrat and s5upp)orted Goo(dan, andil Martin was at Republican and supported Hunt. phrev. Humphrey was elected by a majority of twelve votes. He came to to;vn the next day after the elXction. vwhich was the first dxav of the Circuit Court in th'is county. The muinds and feelings of thZ, people w ere excited to the utmodt degree with the previous (lay's tragedy. Humphrey publiely avowed that he would furnish I100 to aid in thie prosecutioin of Toltiver. The leaders o( the Republican party in this county are James Carey, .James M. Carey, son of James Carey, and H. M. Logan. They are all men of high party prejudicees and overbeariug and illiberal in disposition. The v undertook to browbeat witnesses, andl charged the grand jury with corruption because they (did not find indictments according to their vicious wishes an(l in conformity with their corrupt prejudices. Humphrey was led to believ e by these men and John Martin that Svzemore was woundde and Bradlev killed be- cause they had stupporteod him for Sheriff, and hence he (Plumphrey) ought to help to revenge the injurv. At any rate, in a few days Humn- phre, John Martin, Stewart Bumgartner [alwavs Hutimphreys "pal" and afterward his deputy] and twvo or three others went to Cross Roads, the home of Tolliver, all heavily armed, as was afterward'diselosed, for the purpose of killing Tolliver Tolliver did not like the maneuvers of time gan g, and discreetly staved at I ome until they left. Humphrey knew thiat a hitter feeling existed between Alvin M-f. Bowling and Flovd 'hand Marion Tolliver, and souight to take advantage of it toi Procure th as- saassination of Flovd Tolliver by lBowling. He offered Bowling 250 to kill Tolliver. This is not rumoir. It is a fact developed in the grand jury room. Bowling refused to be hired to assassinate a man, remark- in; that if ever he killed Tolliver it would be in self-defense. Things went on quietly for three or four nmonths. On the 2d day of lDecember following Floy; Tolliver and John Martin, in company with C. Hum- hrey, were seen on the streets of Morehead all apparently in a good humtor. Humphrey and Martin kept close together all day, and were Jseen in close constlitation, and Martin was heard to remark: "I'll re- lease him of his bond before the sun goes down." This remark was made to Humphrev, but no names were mentioned in hearing of the witness. In less than twentv minutes after this remark of Martin, Floyd Tolliver died at the murzle of Cook Humphrey's pistol in the hands of John Martin. Immediately after Martin killed Toliver, S. B. Goodan, then Deputy Sheriff, and John C. Day, Sheriff of thisg county, arrested Martin, and he was committed to jail in less than ten minuteos after he had murder- ed Tolliver. The eircunmstances and facts connected with the immediate scene of the killing are as follows: Tolliver went into the bar-room at the Gault House, where John Martin and T. B. Tippet were taking a drink of liquor, and he tTolliver) invited Tippett and Martin to drink with him. Martin refused. Tolli- ver said that they ought to disregard the past difficulties and become friends again; and remarked to Martin that he (Tolliver) had frequent- ( 21 ) ly stopped over knight with hiii (Martin", when, in the past, he had oc- casion to pass through Rowan County, and that he (Martin) had uni- formly treated him kind and clever, and that it was very foolish for them to be enemies of each other.' Martin replied that Tolliver had treated him wrong, to which Tolliver had rejoined that he (Tolliver) did not consider that he had; when Martin instantly drew a Pistol from the breast pocket-of his overcoat and shot tolliver thtrough the heart. Just here I want to remark that Floyd Tolliver had often been heard to say that he intended to make friends with John Martin. Dr. J. S. McMillan came from Farmers to Morehead with him- that day. He told McMillan on the road here that day, that at the first opportunity he intended to have a talk with Martin and have a peaceable adjustment of their diffi- culty; as the combat between totem on election day was unexpected, and there was no cause for it, and that it was too trivial a matter for him (Tolliver) to hold enmity against any man for. Those who were mosit acquainted with Flovd Tolliver say that this very disposition to strifs to lay aside malice toward those with whom he was at variance, was a strong characteristic of his nature; and they are the ones who are the readiest and surest to denounce the insinuation of the U1 artin faction that Tolliver was aiming to get "the drop" on John 3lartin, but that John was too quick- besides the two witnesses present, will, at any time, state that Floyd Tolliver was apparently unconscious that Martin was going to do him any harm at the moment he shot his life away. Furthermore, if Tolliver intended to kill Martin, as the Martin faction allege he did, and then run off, as they allege, why did he not shoot John without warning when lie first went into the bar-room But enough on this point, for the world knows it's a lie. John Martin was safely guarded that night in the jail here, the guard being composed mostly of his friends. A mittimus was obtained the next day through proper channels at the instance of Z. T. Young to send John to the Winchester jail to await his inquiring trial, and he was taken there on the first train that day. Everybody here felt that John .MI artin had plaved the last act of a life that had been but a drama of foul murders, robberies and thefts. Always before he had his testi- mony pre-arranged, and by the chicanery and perjury of his followers, had gone on from bad to worse, always coming out law proof. This time the peoplq saw the same instruments with which he had so many times thwarted justice and escaped the penitentiary and gallows, come into full play to obtain the extension of the scoundrel's life and liberty which had been so many times forfeited by his own acts of villiany. The people felt that some harm would come to Martin from the very moment that he took the life of Tolliver in such a dastardly manner. The knew the reputed determined courage of the Tolliver family in El- liott-and Morgan Counties, and was sure that the death of Florid Tolli- ver would not go unrevenged. At this period is where Humphrey be- gan to show that he was unfit to be trusted. As I said in my last com- munication, Humphrey declared he would furnish money to prosecute some parties7 but the people considered it the exercise of a ligitimate right and paid no particular attention to it. But Tolliver's corpse was not cold until Humphrey and the other leaders of the Martin clan were browbeating and menacing witnesses to stifle the truth, and were telling lies to manufacture a defense for John .Martin. Humphrey went to El- liott County and brought Stewart Buumgartner to Rowan to help bull- doze and intimidate in the interest of Martin's defense. I will give one instance of his conduct which occurred on the third or fourth night after the murder of Tolliver. James W. Johnston went into the Hog Town neighborhood to collect some accounts, and was delayed so that he had to stay over night at that place. He had lodged that night with Logan ( 22 ) Stewart, who kept hotel there at that time After Johnson had gone to bed, some parties rode up to Stewart's door and asked who was there that night. Stewart told them J. W. Johnson. They invited Johnson down, but Johnson refused to come. There they told him to warn Tav- lor Young if John Mlartin was hurt or prosecuted too severely that his neck would pay the forfeit. They rode on down the road about 100 yards further to George A. Johnson's, a merchant there at Hog Town and called him up out of bed and told him that Tolliver-was dead and John Martin was "flying." Eaich of the Johnsons recognized -Hum- phrey's voice, and Humphrey told Logan Stewart that Stewart Bum- gartner was with him. Thsehigh-handed impositions and threats were perpetrated by those two 'outraged angels" of the Martin clan-Hum- phrey and .Bumgartner. These things are facts and not speculations. Just one week to a day after Martin killed Tolliver, Alvin M. Bowling and two of the Evans boys went with an order' which proved to be a forgery, to Winchester and got Martin, ostensibly to bring him to More- head to his inquiring trial, but it proved to be a trick to take Martin's life, and he was accordingly mobbed at Farmers, in this county, that night. This was a very mean murder, but it was attended with many circumstances which tends to lesson the enormity -f the. crime and to furnish the perpetrators with an excuse for such an extreme measure. They shquld be brought to account for it according to our laws, for it was certainly a flagrant violation of that law which guarantees to the guilty, alike with the innocent, a fair and speedy trial in the court house by a jury of his countrymen. But to return to the victim ( Martin), he was brought to the Power's Hotel, at Morehead, where he died in a few hours. His corpse vwas surrounded all day by his friends and followers, the most of whom indulged in the most vicious threats and the free use whisky Time went on and Circutt Court came in February. Nothing oc- curred worthv of note till the commencement of the court, except that Mrs. Martin indulged freely in making horrid threats of vengeance against those whom she conjectured were connected with or known to the scheme concocted to murder John. Four or five davs before court began, Colonel W. Alderson was robbed, and during court the grand jury indicted Allen Sutton, D. H. Tinsly and Wm Martin (John's broth- er) for the robbery. The whole .31 artin faction, by this time consider- ably augmented, took a very active part in the defense of Sutton and Tinsly. Wm. MI artin had left the State and was not in court. The peo- ple looked for trouble at court when the grand jury began to investigate the lawlessness that had prevailed for the six previous months, and knowing, too, that the court would make an opportunity for the en- raged parties to meet, and that the most trivial occurrence might give cause for a collision and general slaughter. Humphrey's friends ad- vised him on the second day of court to go away and stay until court adjourned, which he did. This act of Humphrey's created a sympathy for him, even with men who had regarded him with suspicion for some months past. But their fondest hopes decayed when he and Bumgart- ner returned at the close of court with Winchester rifles in their hands, and Bumgartner took the oath of Deputy Sheriff. The Martin faction and the press of the State has set up a great "hue and cry" because the people of More head petitioned the County Judge to appoint Craig Toli- ver.Marshal of S1 orehead because he lived mu l organ County. But it makes considerable-difference whose ox is gored the readers will see. It was all right with Humphrey's followers for him to bring Stewart Bum- gartner from Elliott County in February and make him Deputy Sheriff and arm him with a repeating rifle; but it was an awful act of tyranny an(l injustice for the people of Morehead in the following April to pe- ( 23 ) tition the County Judge of RoNvan to appoint a man Town M arshal who lived in Morgan; County. They could swallow the eamnel in February, but the gnat gagged thein in April. They set the precelent but would not abide by their own law. Sutton andi Tinsly flied proper affilavits for a change of venue, and the change was granted and their case sent to the 1le ning, Circuit for trial. After the close of Circuit Court nothing occurred to interrupt the p eaee for about two weeks. It is true that Bumgardner and Humphrey were carrying their repeating rifles with them wherever they went, but the citizens looked upon this only as an act of indiscretion on their part. It is true thuat Dr. C. A. Black adid a railroad ticket agen't, on two con- secutive (lays, about the 3d and 4th of March, saw two armed men be- tween thi8 place and tl e home of Jeff Bowling, who concealed them- selves at the approach of Black and the ticket agent. This gave no con- siderable alarmn, as the citizens thought probably it was a hunting party, but it proved to be Pearce and Rayburn, lying in wait for Jeff Bowrling, as Pearce afterward confessed. On the 3d of March Tubalo Manning employed Z. T. Young to go to the country to attend to a case of forcible entry, which was to be tried the 7th of March. Bunigardner, as Deputy Slieriff, executed the pro- cesses in the case, and knew that Young had promised to be present at the trial. Young and Bumgardner went from this place to the trial, about eight or nine miles, together, and Bumigardner made an excuse to keep from returning with Young by saYing that lie had urgent business at lHogtown that he must attend to, and Young returned alone. On his return, about three and a half miles from Morehead, he was shot ai d seriously wounded. There were two of the asassins. The writer visite Y'oung the day after he was shot. Young described the assassin who shot him as a tall, rough-featured man, with a high-reced- ing forehead anid light mustache, and the other a small man in statue. Young, of course, oiily got a glance at them; if he had looked at Ben Ravburn all hour I doubt whvhther he could have given a better deicrip- tion of him. As to the other man, the size answers well for Ed Pearce, but of course that is indefinite. When Youiig was shot the news spread rapidly, and from that time on everybody felt a sense of impending danger; but nobody could work biniself up to believe that hirelings had been secured to take hu- manl life. On the seventeenth of M1arch (just ten days after Young was shot) Stew ard Bunigardner was shot and killed onl Christy Creek, n mile be- low Hogtown. His repeating rifle, which lie had been carrying for the past three weeks, was taken by the parties who committed the murder. it is vet unknown who committed this murder so far as the writer has any knowledge. Cook Humphrey left the county about the time Bum- gardner was killed, and did not return for several days. Z. T. Young had partially recovered from his wound; and had gone to 31t. Sterling, where lhe staved several weeks. When Huinphrey returned on the 30th of MIarch, he was accompa- niedl by Ed Pearce, both heavily armed. The peolple exl) eted an out- break at any moment. On the second day after Humphrey and Pearce caine to M1orehiea a, they weent into the pool-rool at the (Ceutral Hotel, where John C. Day alnd Jeff Bowling were engaged at a game of pool. Day saw some suspicious glances between Pearce and Humphrey, and peiemiptorily demanded what they meant. A few angry words were ex- changed, and they separated. Bovwling and Day went to the Cottage Hotel at the depot. Humphrey and Pearce went to the Galt House and got their guns and followed Day and Bowling. When they got within about 100 vards of the depot they stopped and tired five or six shots, ( 24 ) when Day and Bowling fired upon them from the back yard of the Cot- tage Hotel. Twenty orthirtv shots were exchanged, but without effect. Then Humphrey and Pearce retreated to the Galt House. Allie Young heard the shooting and came out of his office to see. what was the matter, ard was fired at by Pearce, who was by this time sheltered in the Galt House, and had to run to save his life. That eve- ning Craig Tolliver came from Mt. Sterling, and that night the Galt House was fired on, about 100 shots being fired into it. The next inorning Ed Pearce shot at J. C. Day, which renewed the shooting. Day, Bowlng and Tolliver took advantage of the houses and got into Col. W. Aldeson's store house, only about 60 yards from the Galt House, and a number of shots were exchanged without effect. There had gathered about eight or nine of Humphrey's friends to the Galt House to assist him by this time, among them H: M. Logan, Matt Carey. and Richmond Tussey, a brother-in-law of John Martin. About three o'clock that evening ten or twelve armed men came to the Cottage hotel to help the Tolliver side. Among them was Dr. J. Wilson and several of the Tolliver boys. Humphrey and his men left the Galt and went to the woods, and the other side never followed them, but fired several shots into the same. Pearce and Humphrey went back to Greenup County, and H. M. Logan and James Carey went to Frankfort, and the "peace conference" was held, with which the readers are all familiar, and the articles of peace framed and signed. Allen Sutton, the town marshal of Morehead, had been indicted for robbery and sent to the Fleminzsburg jail, thereby creating a vacancy in the inarshalship of Morehead. Everything seemed quiet, and the citizens petitioned the County Judge to appoint Craig Tmliver marshal of Morehead. Humphrey and M att Carey both signed the petition. Nobody refused to sign it but H. M. Logan and James Carey. The judge appointed him. Young's nmaligners immediately accused him of getting up the petition and schiemingto get Tolliver appointed marshal. This is not true Dr. Jerre Wilson wrote the petition. Young was not at home, and did not know anything about it until after he was ap- pointed and had executed bond. The regular election of officers forthe town of Morehead is the frat Saturday in May. At the election of a town council, police judge and town marshal, Craig Tolliver was a candidate for marshal and received fiftv-one votes while his competitor, Bob lesser, received but six votes. Fleming Circuit Court came the third week in May, and A. Sutton and D H. Tinsley were tried for the robbery of Alderson. Tinsley was acquitted.,Sutton was convicted and sentenced to the penitentiary for two years. A great many of the Martin faction were presentat his trial and took a deep interest in his defense. Among them were Mrs. Martin,mother of John, fl.M. Io;ganJas. Carey, H. C. Powers, Sheriff H umperey and E. tBradley. This elan charged the jury with partiality and the witnesses for the prosecution with perjury. About this time Ed Pearce was captured in Greenup County and taken to Bath County to answer the charge of robbery, for which he is now serving a seven years' sentence in the penitentiaay. While the marshal of Owingevile. Sam Nixon, was bringing Pearce from Greenup to Owingsville, he (Pearce) voluntarily disclosed to Nixon a great many things about his connectien with the "Rowan row," and among other deeds the attempted assassination of Z. T. Young. He sent for Young to come over to Owingsville, that he might make a full confession to him of his connection with the difficulties in this county. Young went and in company with Hon. J. M. Nesbitt, visited Pearce in the jail, and he made the confession which he retracted before the examining court ( :'a ) at the inquiring trial of the parties charged with the murder of Rayburn. Not anv one of the Tolliver faction had ever heard of such a name as lay burn being connected with the difficulty until Pearce gave it in his co(nfession. Just here let me sav that Fd Pearce's confession so precisely delin- -ates facts and details circunistanes and events connected with this "Rowan row," that the pleas, "I did it to save my neck" and "I was scare d into it," etc., only the more completely unmulfed the miserable wretch in his weak effirts to escape 1w sucl follv. The confession of Pearce made the Tolliver faction more stispicouf of the movements of Humphrey and the rest of the Martin gang. But still peace prevailed till the 28th of June. The County Judge had awarded a rule against Humphrey to show cause whv he should not give additional security on his general bond as ,S eriff, annd also on his county and State revenue bond. The day on vhich the rule was made returnable had come a-nl gone, and Humphrey failed to re spond. Hence the offiee of Sheriff was declared vacant on the 25th of .June. Humpihrey (a'itione dthe County Judlge, through his son, Log an Stewart, not to appoint any of his (Iunmphrey's) friends. This put the Tolliver faction on the lookout. On Saturday, the 27th of June, H. M. Logan and Matt Carey left towan onan unusuallv short notice. That night Humphrey eame tothie (.alt House at a late hour and got his Winchester rifle. A gentleman passed Mrs. Martin's this same Saturday night after (lark and reported to one of Tolliver's friends that he hadl seen two armed men at Mmrs Martin's. This report, connected with the suddlen departure of Logan and Carey, and the suspicions movement of Humphrey in coming to the (talt Honse for his gun after night, caused a writ to be issued by Police .Judlge Minnick and plaeed in Craig Tolliver's hands for the arrest of Humphrey. Tolliver went to Farmers that day and returned that night on the 2 o-cloek east-bound passenger train, and received the writ, and at once summoned five men to aid him, and started for Mrs. Martin's. The gaurd whom Tolliver snmmoned to assist in making the arrest colnsisted of the following persons: R. E. Messer, Constable of the M1orehead precinct-, Jeff Bowling, Thomas A. Day, John Trumbo, and H. M. Keeton. Thev reached the Martin resi(dence just at dawn of day, and concealed themselves to see what they might discover. Just about sunrise they saw a large man, who afterward proved to be Ben Ray- burn, and Miss Sue Martin come into the back yard and rob a bee- hive. About 7 o'clock they determined on attempting the arrest. They went to the front door of the house and inquired of Sue if Cook Hum- pbrey was there. She answered "No." Thien they asked her who was there. She answered "Nobody." They ommeneeed searching the house. After searching the low'er-rooms and tinding no one they went up-stairs. The first door they opened Craig Tolliver received 'n the fae and left hand a loa d of buck-shot. His gun stock was shivered by the shot, which possibly prevented him from being killed outright. Tolliver reeled, an(1 came w ell nigh falling insIde of the room, but was dragged down stairs by Jeff Bowling. The guard then retreated from the liouse andl stationed themselves in security from the gun shots from the up-stairs of the house. They fired in at the windows as they left, for Rayburn and Humphrey, to use the expression of Jeff Bowling, "(was imaking it dangerouis to be in fair view of the windows." Tolliver pro(tire(l a horse and came to town. Shortly after he ar- rivedl, Sue Martin came to the depot and was arrested ana put in jail by him. Tolliver gave as his reasons for placing Sue in jail that she was aiming to secure a force to go back with her and defeat the design of the guard in arresting Hatinphrey. He inimediately obtained a writ antd summoned an additional Fuard, consisting of the following parties: Boon Day, Bill Day, "Mick' Day, James Oxley, audil a young mai named Collins, who immediately repaired to the aid of the guard left at the house by Tolliver, under direction of Constable Messer, and Tol- liver also had the writ for shooting him (Tolliver) conveyed to MTesser'. The greatest onsternation prevailed. All entertaine(l the miost dlreadedl apprehensins. No) tidings were heAid from the Martin house until about four o'clock in the evening, elcept that Annie Martin came to town about two o'clock and was pla ed in jail with her sister, Sue. Annie only reported that the guards were still around the house and that Cook Humphrey was there alone, stoutly denying that there was any person there except Cook Humphrey. This act of Tolliver in putting Sue and Annie in jail the people did not approve, although they were sure Sue was aiming to incite partie.s to go to the rescue of Hum;iphrey and Rayburn. Butabout4 o'clock the guard returned and reported to a few individuals that Humphrey antd another man whom thev did not know run out of the house shootingr at them, and that they had killed the unknown, but Humphrey had eseatepl. That night Mrs. Mlartin's house was burned, together with a little cottage about 100 yards west of the resi lence, but on her farnm. The Tolliver faction say she burned it herself to create sympathy in her favor, as the residence was heavily insured. But the reasonable con- clusion to which the writer is driven is that sone of the Tollivers or their friends burned it. The late Grand Jury indicted six of the Tol- liver fa ction for the crime. The n ext day after the killing and burnin , Squire W. A. Caudill held an inquest over the corpse of the party kiledl the day before. The body was identified as Ben Rayborn. ,Mrs. Martin and her daughter testified at the inquest, that they did not know who the mian was, al- though they said he had stayed all night there the night before lie was killed and the dJay of the killing. During the (lay, while the guards were secreted about the house and had several times asked Humphrey to come out and surrender, Nrs. Martin came out to them several times and declared there was nobodv in the house but Humphrey, and a(l- vised Messer, the Constable, to go after Crit Johnson, the Coroner. saV- ing tiumphrey would surrender to him. Finally Messer consentel to go for Johnson and accordingly st out for Johnson's home about 2..3 o'clock and was shot at several timies on his return. This prayer of Mrs. Martin proved a trick to get Messer away, so that Humphrey and Ray- bornl mllight escape. Mlesser had not heen gone an hour, till Raybort and Humphlullrey attemspteld to escape, with which result all ar familiar. Just here I want to state some facts over which those may ponder who hold that in the Martin women and their aids there is no guile. In my last letter I said EdA Pearce first apprised the Tolivers that there was such a man as Rayborn connected with the Martins. None of the To- iver faction had ever seeni Rayborn to know him. The Martin faction stoutly denied Pearce'xl printed confession, and denounced Pearce in stronig language. S ue andi Annie Martin testified at the inquiring trial of the parties for killing Rayb)orn that Humphrey and Rayborn had come there to start West. It is eertainly strange that Rayborn vwould come to the very place where to be found would strengthen Pearce's confession; that he would come to the very place where all prudential calculations should have admonished him to avoid ; that lie would come to the very place where to be seen by the Toliver faction or any one else who had read Pearce's confession, would stamp him as a guilty arty. PMiserable wretch! Annie Martin said on the wituess stand that rwsllipposealhe Ibhad come there to start West, as he had been implica- ted in t iis tronble hy the confes.sion of Pearce. Miserable excuse! And ( 27 ) yet tiis is the only exctise ever given for lis connection with the strife here except that given in Pearce's confession. Pearce said he andl Ray- bsorn were to get 2.5 a head for killing certain parties, and that pursu- aint to) that contract they shot Taylor Younig, and would have gone o to try and complete their contract, but that the posse who went by Mrm. Martin's the (lay after Young was- shot alarmed them somewhat, and they decidled to postpone the matter till the brush got green. The readI- er is invited to concludle for himself whieh reason is best, Annie's or Ed's. It will be rememibered that the office of Sheriff had been declared vacant two or three days before Rayborn was killed. Fently Muse was his deputy. Fently went to Fleminwgsburg the next day after the kill- inr and telegraphed the Governor for the militia. Tlhey arrived here Monday niight. The parties who killed Raymond were pu"t on trial for conspiring, combining andl confederating together to commit murder. TIe people of Kentucky know the proceedling in that trial so well that I will not detail themr here. The Governor, Attorney-General and sol- diers enlisted their sympathies with the AMartin faction. A great many newspapeis have propoutnded the (luestioll. "Why is this so"' I under- take to answer. When the soldiers and Attorney-Goneral arrived, IN rs. Martin's louse wasin ashes. They imet tour w-o)menlhomselessand with- out shelter, except by the kindness of their neighbors And besides, one of them was an invalid approaching maternity, all object of pity in- deed TWO of the girls had been kept a day and night in jail on a mnere pretext of Toliver's and ha I just been turned out. The mother was nmearly sixty years old, the age when people dcesire to live pea ceful, as a geLneral ruleI but Mrs. Martin is a notable exception. This sad storv told, a.l the Alartin women can tell it, would move to tears the man if civilization. No patent m edicine mvian can tell the story of his remedy with more skill and cunning than the Nlartin women call represent their grievantes. They can capture with their story the shrewd and to the ordinarv individual their version of their wrongs is irresistible. Gen- eral Hardin refused to hear anything except the circumstance connect- ed with the burnling and killing on the 28th of June. This, as told and testitied by the lartin women, would shock the civilized mind and dtrive a man, unacquainted with their malicious and revengeful natures, to the conclusion that the party opposed thehl (deserve the gallows. In four or five days after t ie soldiers arrived, H. M. Logan and M. Carey, wh had ) s sudsldenly left the day bafore the killing, returned. I want to impress on you, by the wvay, that they are not lackeys in plausi- bv re presenting their grievances. The'v can tell a story with rare skill I id artfulness. They set to work to anfthe Martins. R. M. Iogan was partiecularly industrious in giving color to what the Martin women had already cireulateA, both in the caimlp and onl the streets. Hardin and the soldiers thoroughly absorbed the sentimn mit of the Martin faction. They 4suffered Their lmndas and feelings to become impregnated andI gangrened by t heir lies, and a great many of the soldiiers did not hesitate to express tfieir preferenc'e. The parties charged with the murder of Ravborn, in- stead of courting the friendship of the Attorney-General ain't soldiers, were reticent about telling how they had been wronged. They demand- ed an investigation of their cause in the court house. This reticence and independence, coupled with Craig Tolliver's braggadocio manner while oin trial, made Hardin and the soldiers form an unffavorable opinion of the prisoners. Much has the public press commineted on and the acquittal of thesel parties. Two weeks ago a lpar- allel cse occurret at Owingsville in an adjoining county. The Circuit Coullrt was in se,.ion, presided over by Judge J. E. Cooper, whom all eonve 'de is incorruptible. In that case the court anol jury, backed by ( -2 ) the moral sentiment of the people, at once exonerated the officers and guard from all blamne. In this case, though it was clearly proven that the guardl was regularly summoned by an officer legally elected and reg- ularly inducted into office, yet a morbid publie sentim ;ntat onee sprung up thiat the- ouglt to be unishled. Why isit that so small alifferent e in thle geofraphieal situation of the two towns, Morehead and Ow ings- ville, makes such an enormous differenc X in acts of like character and comnmitte(l un(ler like circumistances You who object to this, solve the difference. The Attorney (Oeneral, (4overnor and soldiers are lltt so much to blame after all fo r the course they pursued while here. The burning )f Mrs. Martin's holse and the imprisoning of the girls enlisted their spml)athies. The sad, doleful stories of the Martin faction who were almost ready to get on their knees to elicit their sympathy on one hand and on tfie other the independent indifference with which the Toliver side treated them, solves the quf stion of the stand they took while here. There are many other things I could write, but as peace now l)revails, and all seem to have profited by the lesson of the past, and have laid aside the instruments of war andl are practicing the arts of peace. CITIZEN. I also give an interview between H. M. Logan and a re'porter of the Louisville Times, which occurred at Frankfort, Ky., on the 25.th dlay of February, 1886. This man H. MI Logan is my bitter enemy, and he says: FRANKFORT, Ky., February 25.-I am constrained to believe, from what I haye seen in Frankfort to-day, that the Rowan Counity war has ended, and that the factions wiil in future save their ammunition for other than human lgame to be shot from ambush The indications point to a full and peaceful settlement of the bloody strife, and peace prom- ises to keep spread.4her snow' wings over the erstwhile sanguinary soil of rocky, riotous Rowan. Those who are accredited with being the leaders in the recent troubles, Z. T. Young, of the Tolliver faction, and Howardl N. Logan, of the Martin faction, have been here together, and were as familiar and friendly as though they had never crossed swords. Messrs. Logan, Young end Judge Weddington, of Elliott County, formed a groupe in the Capital Hotel, which I invaded to-day, andl naturallv I led the conversation up to affairs in Rowan. Both Lgan and Yoting, who were on the best of terms, agreed that the " cruel war is over; " that all personal feeling had been laid to rest, an(i that in future they would not adulterate their politics with pistol practice Shortly after I joined the groupe Mr. Young left and I made it my bus iness to pump his quandam enemy for his opinion of Young. "Taylor Young is the smartest man in Rowan County or in our section,'"said Mr. Logan to me. "He is a good lawyer, anid when lie takes a 'ase generally wins it. While we are politically of different stripes, he being a Demnocrat and I a Republican, I feel it only just to say of him that he is true to his friends under any and all eircum- stances." ' If that is true," I said, " he has been misrepresented" "There are few of those who were involved in the troubles in Rowan that were not," was the quiet rejoinder. "Young, however, was worse abused on account of his being smarter than the others." " How did he happen to become a leader " I asked " WAhen he came to Rowan County in 1872 there was practically no Democratic party there. There were Democrats, to be sure, but they drifted aimlessly along, without any organization, but when lie can'e he ( 9-9 ) put then on wheels and las kept themi tlere. But for hin there would be no Democratic party there now, an(l the Republicans could win in every race without trouble. The parties are pretty evenly devided, but I befieve our side will win by at least fifty majority at the coming Au- gust election. Young's prominence anti power will make him a for- midable foe if he is nominated for Coinmouwealth's Attorney, and ie is doulbtless the strongest man the Democrats can onominate. I shall try to defeat him, of course, but my opposition will be purely on politieal grounds." Mr. Logan said that if a few more of the tough characters could be pEt in the penitentiary, or woulf leave the county, there would never be any more factional fights. Both he and Mr. Young left for Morehead by the night train. G. B. I have herewith given a few of the prominent facts in the Rowan County troubles, that the public may see that there are wrongs on both sides, and that they are not all confined to any one faction, as the pub- lie are attempted to be led to believe. The reader will discover that the facts here given are by others, save a short statement from which is necesiry to a full understanding of the statements and letters here published. I withhold the facts in detail of the troubles in Rowan County to he heard by the Committee who are to investigate the same. The facts here given are from others, and for the sole purpose of reply- ing to that part of the Governor's Message and Adjutant-General's Report, that refer to the troubles in Rowan. If I should attempt to give the facts fully as to these troubles it might be construed by somic as an effort upon my part to forestall public sentiment, and this I do not desire to do. But I hope all the facts and circumstances connected with these trou bles will be brought out, and then the public can form a correct judguient as to who is responsible for the troubles in Rowan County. Very respectfully, Z. T. YOUNG.