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Review of the financial and political history of the state of Kentucky for the past twenty-eight years under Democratic government : and a comparative statement contrasting Kentucky with the government of other states.
Review of the financial and political history of the state of Kentucky for the past twenty-eight years under Democratic government : and a comparative statement contrasting Kentucky with the government of other states. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2002 b92-151-29579468 Electronic reproduction. 2002. (Beyond the shelf, serving historic Kentuckiana through virtual access (IMLS LG-03-02-0012-02) ; These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Review of the financial and political history of the state of Kentucky for the past twenty-eight years under Democratic government : and a comparative statement contrasting Kentucky with the government of other states. Courier-Journal Job Printing Co., Louisville : 1895. 30 p. ; 22 cm. Coleman Cover title. Microfilm. Atlanta, Ga. : SOLINET, 1994. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. (SOLINET/ASERL Cooperative Microfilming Project (NEH PS-20317) ; SOL MN03903.02 KUK) Printing Master B92-151. IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Kentucky History. Kentucky Politics and government. A FREVIEW OF' THE FINANCIAL AND ROUIHIRA IISTORY OF THE STATE OF KENTUCKY FOR THE PAST TWENTY-EIGHT YEARS UNDER DEMOCRATIC GOVERN- MENT, AND A COMPARATIVE STATEMENT CONTRASTING KENTUCKY WITH THE GOVERNMENT OF OTHER STATES. LOUISVILLE. KY.: COURIER-JOURNAL JOB PRINTING COMPANY. 1895. This page in the original text is blank. DEMOCRATIC STATE TICKET. GOVERNOR. P. W. HARDIN. LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR. R. T. TYLER. SECRETARY OF STATE. H. S. HALE. AUDITOR. L. C. NORMAN. TXRMEASURER. R. C. FORD. ATTORNEY-0ENEkAL. W. J. HENDRICK. REGISTER LAND OFFICE. G. B. SWANGO. SUPERINTENDENT PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. ED P. THOMPSON. COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE. I. B. NALL. RAILROAD COMMISSIONERS. FIRST DISTRICT-J. F. DEMPSEY. SECOND DISTRICT-GEO. H. ALEXANDER. THIRD DISTRICT-G. R. KELLER. This page in the original text is blank. A F E V I E WV OF THE FINANCIAL AND POLITICAL HISToY OF THE STATE OF KENTUCKY.. A review of the financial and political history of Kentucky for the past twenty-eight years, if honestly undertaken, with a full determination to present the actual facts and figures accompanied by results obtained, will not afford the most carping critic an opportunity to show either inefficiency or incapacity in those charged with governmental duties, and would fully demonstrate that Democratic principles, when honestly applied in the func- tions of government, result in producing the greatest good to the greatest number. This period of twenty-eight years is selected because the Re- publican party in its platform declares that, when the Democratic party caine into power in Kentucky, they found the state able to pay every debt and have millions of surplus left, and in the same sentence they state, in substance, that this surplus has been squandered by the Democrats and that the state is now millions of dollars in debt. As the Democratic party was not responsible for the condi- tion of the treasury as it was found to be in i867, since the gov- ernment for the four years immediately preceding that period could by no possibility be charged to them, we are willing to take up the condition of affairs as they existed when the Democrats obtained control of the state government in i867, and trace the history of the state fairly and intelligently, as verified by its public records, from that date to the present time. The Republican platform declares, in unmistakable terms, that the Demiocratic party found millions of surplus in "he treas- ury in i867. Is this true If false, would not such a declaration show them unworthy of the confidence of the people of the state We ask y6ur patient consideration of the figures given in the Auditor's report for i867. On page 14 of said report it appears that while there was a balance in the treasury on October 10, 6 1867, "not of millions of dollars," but of only 25,857.9i belong- ing to the Revenue Fund of the state, which could, under the law alone, be used for ordinary expenses of the government, there was, on the other hand, a deficit of 137,03I.92 (see page 14, Auditor's report, i867), and there was also due the Sinking Fund from the Revenue Fund (see page 499 same report) the sum of 38i,239.56, which had been borrowed from the Sinking Fund to meet the ordinary expenses of the state government, previously contracted, and also the sum of 28,465.28 due on sundry accounts (see page 56 same report), all of which con- stituted an actual deficit in the Revenue Fund of 546,737.76. There was in the treasury to the credit of the Sinking Fund, on October i0, i867, the sum of 1,438,493.36. In addition the Revenue Fund, or department, owed to the Sinking Fund, as has just been stated, 381,239.56. The commissioners of the Sinking Fund also had on deposit in the Farmers Bank i8,- 026.8i. There was due from the Revenue Fund on October I0, [867, 8i,289.98, which could not be paid, because there were no funds available for that purpose. The state also owned stock in banks and railroads amounting to I,272,8I9.50, and stock in Internal Improvements, "the present value of which is uncertain" (see language of report), amounting in the aggregate to 4,830,- 475.oo. These constituted the entire assets of the state, except the 25,000 in the treasury, and belonging wholly to the Sinking Fund (see page 499, Auditor's report, i867). In order to understand these statements it may be necessary to state that this Sinking Fund was created to provide means to pay off the bonded debt of the state previously created, and could not lawfully be used for any other purpose whatever (see section 34, article II, Third Constitution of Kentucky). The total bonded debt of the state on October i0, i867, was 4,6ii,i99.46. Of available assets to meet this debt there were in the treasury, belonging to the Sinking Fund, 1,438,493.36; in railroad and bank stocks, I,272,8i9.50, and in bank, i8,026.8i, making a total of 2,729,339.67. The loan to the Revenue De- partment of 38i,239.56, and the 8i,289.93 due from the Reve- nue Funds, and not transferred, were not available, because there was only the sum of twenty-five thousand and odd dollars in the treasury, in the general Revenue Fund, and these latter sums could not be had until collected and saved from the excess of future receipts over future disbursements of the Revenue Funds alone. The stock in Internal Improvements, held by the Sinking Fund Commissioners, was not available for the purpose, as will here- 7 after be shown. To meet the bonded debt of 4,6i i,I9946 there was only available, therefore, the sum of 2,729,339.67, which, when so applied, left a debt of i,88i,859.79 to be provided for in the future. Allowing as a credit the actual value of the stock in Internal Improvements of 500,000.00, and the indebtedness of the Revenue Fund to the Sinking Fund of 462,529.54, making a total of 962,529.54 to be deducted from the remainder of i,88i,859.79, the actual debt of the state would be 9I9,330.25. As, however, the state still owns these Internal Improvement stocks, except as hereinafter noted, and as the bonded debt in- cludes the total of 4,6iI,I99.45 the state and county school bonds, amounting to 1,632,297.46, which are by their terms and by constitutional provisions irredeemable, the correct compar- ison of credits and debits, in order to determine the precise finan- cial condition, is to exclude both these items. The bonded debt of the state other than the state and county school bonds amounted on October i0, i867, to 2,987.891 98, and the total available assets, if the bank and railroad stock could have been sold for the amount at which they were carded in the assets of the Sinking Fund, were only 2.729,339.6i, leav- ing a balance unpaid of 249,552.38, to which must be added the actual deficit in the Revenue Fund on October I0, i867, of 546,- 737.76 (see page 56, Auditor's report, i867), making a total in- debtedness of the state at that date 796,290.i4. These are plain facts taken from the public records and stamp the statement contained in the Republican platform as a flagrant attempt to deceive the public by false and deliberate misrepre- sentations. The stock in Internal Improvements consisted of 2,528,I-0 97 in turnpike roads, 90I,932.70 stock in Kentucky River, 859,i26.79 Green and Barren River Improvements, 372,520.70 Licking River, and i68,783.83 in the Owingsville and Big Sandy Dirt Road. The stock in the River Improvements had no value, and the works were carried on at a constant and increasing loss, amount- ing in i867 to more than 75,000 (see Board of Internal Improve- ments' report, vol. II, Pub. Docs. i867.) All these River Improvements have been ceded to the general government, and the latter has expended on Kentucky river alone one and a half million dollars, in repairing and maintaining the system, and derives no revenue therefrom, no tolls being taken. The Owingsville and Big Sandy Dirt Road is still on hand, and probably in no better condition than when it was turned over to the Democratic party, with the other fictitious millions of surplus left by their predecessors in i867. The stocks held in the River Improvements, as well as the turn- pike stocks, were not permanent investments made by the state, but were merely cash subscriptions to the various enterprises, under the system of Internal Improvements, adopted in or about the year i834, to promote the development of all portions of the state, by securing a system of improved roads and water- wavs; and the turnpike stocks, with the exception of five roads sold by special act of the legislature, for which the state realized the sum of 24,7I3.83, and three other non-dividend paying roads, donated to the counties through which they ran, by the same authority, are still owned by the state. The remainder of these stocks are carried in the assets of the Sinking Fund at their actual value of 500,000 estimated upon a dividend-paying basis, since they pro(luce an annual revenue, equal to about five per cent on that sum; and it may not be a comforting fact to our critics, but it is nevertheless true, that the remainder of these stocks now yields more net revenue to the state than the whole 4,830,000 (lid in i867. It must be borne in mind that these stocks can not be sold or otherwise disposed of without express legislative sanction the power and duty of the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund extending only to their control. that these Internal Improvements are not more valuable than they are can hardly be attributed by men of intelligence to the conduct of state affairs by the Democratic party. Modern modes of transportation, often by parallel lines, have rendered them comparatively worthless; but they have served their purpose in the developement of the state, and are still im- portant to the localities for neighborhood travel. It might as well be said that the Republican party should be held respon- sible for the disuse and consequent failure of the White Water Canal in Ohio, because its banks have been lined with railroad tracks, as to hold the Democratic party in Kentucky respon- sible for the decline in the value of its stocks in river, turnpike and dirt roads, now that we have more than three thousand miles of railroads traversing our state. During the current fiscal years from i867-8 to i894-5 inclusive, the Democratic state officials have received and disbursed in the way of taxes, public dues and public moneys, a total sum of 79.957,731.99. Of this sum 30,I41,667.67, or more than three- eighths, have been devoted to education and the maintenance of our common school system; 12,171,319.35 have been devoted to the extension and maintenance of our charitable institutions; I0.336,339.42 have been paid out in the expenses attending 9 criminal prosecutions, and the remainder, 27,308,405.55 has been applied to the payment of the other ordinary expenses of the state government, which have averaged less than one million dollars per year. During this long period of time there has been but one defalca- tion by a state official. The aggregate of his misappropriation of the public moneys was 247,128.50. But there has been recov- ered and paid into the treasury on account of said defalcation ii8,948.9i, leaving unaccounted for at the present time i28,- I79.59, some portion of which is still the subject of litigation and may yet be collected. But if we assume that nothing more can or will be collected, the total loss to the state will be less than one-sixth of one per cent of the gross sum received and disbursed. Such a result bears favorable comparison with the business management of any other state government, and is in striking contrast to the fraudulent maladministration of public affairs by Republican officials in the Southern states during the period of Republican rule, and to the conduct of some of the Republican pension officers, collectors of Internal Revenue and United States marshals who have held office in Kentucky. The condition of the state finances to-day should be most gratifying, not only to the taxpayer, but every citizen who desires an honest and economically administered government. Only the minimum amount of taxes for governmental purposes has been taken from the people, and these taxes have been so ex- pended as to obtain full and absolute protection to all interests alike, and law and order are everywhere secured. The material advancement of the state is shown on every hand, and while our growth in wealth and population has not been equal to that of some of the younger and mcre recently settled states of the Uniop, it has far exceeded many of the older East- ern states, and has been of the most substantial and enduring character. Kentucky is to-day in the midst of peace and plenty, and it is not in the power of the "Calamity Howler" to convince the peo- ple of this state, surrounded by its full and overflowing harvests, with prices for all kinds of farm produce improving and steady and increasing demand for labor of every kind and character, and every channel of trade open for the employment of its capital, that the evil days resulting from Republican misrule in national affairs are not passing away. Without a dollar of state debt that can not now be paid and with a lower rate of taxation than will be found in almost any other state in the Union the people of the state are to be con- 10 gratulated on having so far escaped the condition of affairs that has followed wherever the Republican party, with all its ignor- ance, prejudice and greed, has obtained control. The total bonded debt of the state, exclusive of the perpetual school bonds, which by their terms can not be redeemed, and are but endowments of the common school fund, is but 6I4,- 000, I14,000 of which is due in i896, and 500,000 due in 1905. The available assets to meet this debt are: In Treasury (to credit of Sinking Fund) ......... 139,891 ii Four hundred shares Bank of Louisville stock . . 30,450 00 Turnpike stock, at present value .... . . . . 500,000 oo Making a total of... .. .. . .. . .. 670,341 II In addition thereto the current rate of taxation for Sinking Fund purposes would be amply sufficient to meet the entire bonded debt at its maturity, without using any portion of the assets now held by the Commissio ners of Sinking Fund. There is no other debt or demand of any other nature or kind against the state, except current claims for charities, salaries and the ordinary expenses of the state government. All of these claims will be paid as rapidly as they can be audited and adjusted. DEVELOPMENT OF THE STATE. To charge the Democratic party of Kentucky with lack of en- terprise is not only absurd and untrue, but it is a slander upon the majority of the white population of the state. To sneer at the progress of the state's development is to ignore plain facts and confess ignorance of the geographical and commercial conditions Lhat have aftected the state's advancement. In common with all the country, the state keenly felt the effect of the great panic of I873, and also of the depression follow- ing 1893; blat through the general course of years there has been I very notable advance of values, and with the last fifteen years the increase in assessable wealth has been enormous. Following are some data touching the question, which may tend to aid in correcting the false notions so industriously fostered and spread abroad by certain Republican politicians: I. EQUALIZED ASSESSABLE WEALTH. (This for later years is exclusive of railroad, bank and certain 11 other corporations, the figures here given being based on equalized returns received from county assessors.) Increase of i895 over i88o .......... . 222,643,007 Increase of 1895 over i885 ........... .1 i82,379,015 Increase of 1895 over i890 ........... . 60,601,458 Increase of i895 over I892 ........... . 20,442,440 Increase of i895 over i894 .... .... . 1... i,986,636 (On account of the panic of T873 there was a decrease from I870 to i88o amounting to 6i,I73,76i; and there was a decrease from I893 to I894 amounting to 25,578,734, of which there was a recovery of nearly 2,000,000 in i895.) 2. MANUFACTURES. Capital invested in manufactures in i88o (according to U. S. Census report) amounted to 45,813,039. Complete figures for I89o have not been received, but for that year the census office has reported the capital invested in manufacturing in four cities alone (Louisville, Lexington, Newport and Covington) at 48,075,633-being more than reported for the entire state in i88o-and it is probable that the total amount invested has doubled. The Commissioner of Agriculture estimated it at 65.- ooo,ooo or 70,ooo,ooo in i89i. In the decade ending with i890, the capital invested in woo! manufacturing had grown from 890,750 to 2,766,683; and the capital invested in cotton manufacturing had grown from 360- ooo to I,376,I32. 3- COAL MINING. Despite the fierce competition that has marked the coal mining industry in recent vears, the production of commercial coal has grown from i6,120 tons in i870 to 2,483,144 tons in i890, and to nearly 3,000,000 tons in i894. The number of commercial mines has nearly trebled in the last ten years, increasing from less than 50 in i88o to I38 in i894. The number of employes at the mines has increased from about 500 in i870 to over ii,ooo in i894, representing a population of 35,000 or 40,000. 4. IMMIGRATION. Criticism of Democratic administration on the score of inatten- tion to immigration, when not malicious, is due to ignorance of 12 facts. For six years the state maintained a regularly organized Immigration Bureau, through the efforts of which thousands of selected immigrants (reported at i0,000 in i887) were brought into the state, and the distribution of immigration literature and the attendant correspondence are kept up to this day. The numer- ous flourishing colonies that have been planted in the state directly through the efforts of the bureau are satisfactory wit- nesses for Democratic administration on this subject. Nearly if not quite all the work now going on in other states is being done by railroads-some of them land-grant roads-and by private as- sociations. Perhaps no state, with no public lands at its disposal, has done more for immigration than has Kentucky. Mr. Bradley says the triumph of his party will encourage immigration, because "it will be an assurance of safety," etc., and yet most of the feuds and assassinations to which reference is made as hindering immi- gration have occurred in Republican strongholds. OUR COMMON.SCHOOL SYSTEM. If there is any one thing in the history of the Democratic party cf the state, over and above all others that can successfully .:hallenge investigation, it is the devotion shown by the party to the common school system, and its intelligent and successful management of the funds devoted to that purpose. It has in- cr-ased the funds used for the maintenance of the common schools from the pitiful sum of 233,365.77 collected in i867, to the magnificent sum of 2,029,557.42 paid to the schools in the year ending July I, 1895. It has increased the tax rate for school purposes from 5 to 22 cents on the hundred dollars in the same period and the per capita from 72 cents to 2.8o, and in addi- tion provided for the payment of the interest due on all school bonds it has devoted to the cause of education, out of the other funds of the state, practically making this aid out of the public treasury amount to over 25 cents on the hundred dollars of taxable property in the state. No child, white or black, these funds being used alike for each, need be deprived of an opportunity to obtain a good education in the public schools of the state; and this, too, when the whole amount of taxes for all purposes derived from the negroes of the state would not amount to over one-sixteenth of the sum paid to educate their children out of the public funds. It has increased the length of terms to be taught, raised the standard of efficiency in both teachers and ini the system, and devotes more money to the cause 13 of education fi om its public revenues than almost any other statein the Union. It pays four times as much money for public schools out of its state treasury as does the state of Kansas, twice as much as Michigan, and nearly one-half as much as the great state of New York, with three and one-third times our popula- tion and six and one-fourth times our wealth. A favorite practice with certain Republican politicians of Kentucky, which is in line with their general habit of defaming the state, is to sneer at our educational conditions, and to "point with pride" to those states that are "blessed" with Republican rule. Compared with such rock-ribbed Republican states as Ohio, Maine, Michigan, Vermont, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Massachusetts, the Democratic state of Ken- tucky, according to the last United States census, leads them all in the number of pupils, per thousand of population, enrolled in the common schools. Omitting Ohio, Kentucky also leads them all in the number of pupils, per thousand of population, enrolled in all schools-public, private, university and parochial. The following figures, based on the census returns, speak for themselves: ENROLLED IN COMMON SCHOOLS PER 1,000 OF POPULATION. Kentucky.. . ......... 220 Ohio.. ........... 27 Maine.. ............ 211 Michigan.. . ......... 204 Vermont . . ............. 197 Pennsylvania. ............. 192 New Hampshire..59. . ....... .19 Rhode Island. ............. 153 Massachusetts.. . ............ 12 Compared with all the states, Kentucky stands tenth in the number of pupils, per thousand of population, enrolled in the common schools, and eleventh in the number enrolled (per thousand of population) in all schools, according to returns of the last United States census. Certainly there is nothing discreditable to Democratic adminis- tration of state affairs in this; particularly in view of the fact that the per capita has been more than doubled within the last twelve years. 14 PENITENTIARIES. The Democratic party on coming into power in the state found the penitentiary conducted under the old lease or keeper system, and was not enabled for some years to effect a change in it. In i88o, however, the warden system was adopted, and with recent amendments to that law, by which the state feeds, clothes and guards its prisoners, leasing only the labor to be worked within its walls, under such reasonable regulations as the law imposes, it has at last succeeded in making its convict system one that is fully up to the standard of that of the most enlightened state in the Union. Large expenditures were necessitated by the constantly in- creasing number of these unfortunates, and has made an addi- tional prison necessary, which has been constructed, but these outlays have been fully repaid by the improved condition of the entire prison system, which is readily apparent to all concerned. That these radical changes have been made under existing cir- curmstances and without materially increasing the burdens of taxation is cause for congratulation, and demonstrates the sin- ceritv and earnestness with which those responsible for the con- dition of our criminal classes have labored. CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. In the five counties first named below, where law and order are enforced by Democratic officials-some of them having therein the principal cities of the state, and others taken from the agricultural portions of the Commonwealth, with a popula- tion made up of all classes of society-contrasted with the five counties that follow them, where Republican officials have had charge, a fair comparison can be instituted between the cost of the administration of justice by Democrats and by Republicans: DEMOCRATIC COUNTIES. In the ten years preceding July I, i895, the cost of criminal prosecutions in the County of Jefferson. With a population (U. S. Census i89o) of i88,598, was ..... . ...... .. . . .. . . 447,428 56 During this period there were convicted in this county and sent to penitentiary I,079 persons charged with felony, at an average cost of . 414 67 15 County of Kenton. With a population of 54,i6i, the cost of criminal prosecutions was .............. Convicted and sentenced to penitentiary, I28, at an average cost of... . . . . . . 469 35 County of Bourbon. With a population of i6,976, the cost of criminal prosecutions was .............. Convicted and sentenced to penitentiary, 91, at an average cost of...... .. . . 399 14 Count of Harrison. With a population of i6,914, the cost of criminal prosecutions was . .. ....... Convicted and sentenced to penitentiary, 27, at an average cost of ...... . .. . 756 29 County of Bu//itt. With a population of 8,291, the cost of criminal prosecutions was .. ............ Convicted and sentenced to penitentiary,'20, at an average cost of...... .. . . 526 35 60,077 37 36,322 39 20,422 33 10,526 97 Total average cost in five Democratic counties. . . . 427 34 REPUBLICAN COUNTIES. County of Whitley. With a population of 17,590, the cost of criminal prosecutions was . . . . . . . . . . . . . Convicted and sentenced to penitentiary, 72, at an average cost of. . .. . . . . . 794 12 County of Knox. With a population of 13,762, the cost of criminal prosecutions was ........... . . . Convicted and sentenced to penitentiary, 54, at an average cost of..... . . . . i,o96 76 County qo Pulaski. With a population of 25,731, the cost of criminal prosecutions was .............. Convicted and sentenced to penitentiary, 71, at an average cost of .......... . 677 72 57,136 92 59,225 02 48,Ii8 15 16 County oJ Perry. With a population of 6,331, the cost of criminal prosecutions was . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34, I 29 35 Convicted and sentenced to penitentiary, 21, at an average cost of...... . . . . i,625 20 County of Clay. With a population of 12,447, the cost of criminal prosecutions was .... . . . . . . . . . . 56,485 96 Convicted and sentenced to penitentiary, 59, at an average cost of .......... . 957 38 Total average cost in five Republican counties . 920 92 NOTE.-For first seven and one-half years of the period named, in Perry county the county officials were all Republicans, and the circuit judge of the same political party, and for the last two and one-half years, while the county officials have remained Republican, the circuit judge has been a Democrat, and the cost of criminal prosecutions has been decreased several thousand dollars. STATEMENT COMPILED FROM THE AUDITOR'S REPORTS AND THE UNITED STATES CENSUS, SHOWING THE GROSS RECEIPTS, TOTAL EXPENDITURES AND AMOUNT PAID FOR SCHOOLS, ORDINARY EXPENSES AND IDIOTS, FROM OCTOBER IO, i868, TO JULY I, i895, WITH PER CAPITA COMPARISONS BETWEEN REPUBLICAN AND DEMOCRATIC DISTRICTS. Period of one term from I868 to i871. There was but one Republican judicial district in the state between the years men- tioned, and W. H. Randall was the judge and H. F. Finley the commonwealth's attorney. The district was composed of the following counties: Bell, Breathitt, Clay, Harlan, Jackson, Knox, Laurel, Letcher, Perry, Rockcastle and Whitley. The records show the following: TOTAL DISTRICTS. Population. Republican. .. . .. . . .. . .. . .. . .. . . .. . .. 71,500 Democratic.1. . ... .,38I,500 Gross Receipts, Six Years. Republican ....................... 207,424 26 Democratic ....................... . 11,946,797 60 17 Republican. Democratic. Republican. Democratic. Republican . . . . . Democratic. Republican . Democratic . Total Expenditures, Six Years. ..... . . . .... 547,13i62 ... .. . . . . . . .8,584.4i9 65 Total for Schools, Six Years. ..... . . . . 259,363 II .... ..... . .3,831,453 30 Ordinary Expenses, Six Years. .... .. 287,768 5r .... .. . . . . . . 4,752,966 35 For Pauper Idiots, Six Years. ........ . . . . . 30,64I 33 ..... . . . . . . .. i 0 8 , 2 6 41 2 PER CAPITA COMPARISONS. Fifteenth Dist. Rest State. Republican. Democratic Gross Receipts ................. .2 90 8 65 Ordinary Expenses . .. ............. 4 02 3 44 Total Expenditures. ............ 7 65 6 21 Paid to Idiots.. ............ 428 0 078 Period 0/ one term, from 1871 to i88o. There were two Repub- lican judicial districts in the state between the years mentioned, Geo. M. Thomas being the judge in the Fourteenth and A. E. Cole the commonwealth's attorney; and W. M. Randall the judge in the Fifteenth and Jas. H. Tinsley the commonwealth's attorney. The counties composing the Fourteenth district were the following: . Fleming, Greenup, Lewis, Mason, Nicholas and Rowan. Those composing the Fifteenth were as follows: Bell, Breathitt, Clay, Harlan, Jackson, Knox, Laurel, Letcher, Perry, Rockcastle and Whitley. The records show the following: Districts. Population.Gross Receipts Total Expenditures Districts. Population. Six Years. Six Years. Fourteenth ........ 73,800 546,931 00 506,945 33 Fifteenth........ 75,000 210,707 84 728,583 9I Total Republican.148,800 757,638 84 I,235,529 24 Ordinary Pauper Districts. Schools. Expenses Idiots Six Years. Six Years. Six Years. Fourteenth ........ 256,697 38 250,247 95 I5,434 07 Fifteenth........ 326,827 38 401,756 53 69,579 07 Total Republican.583,524 76 652,004 48 85,013 14 18 The totals for the rest of the state which contain Democratic districts show the following: Population . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . .. 1,370,200 Gross Receipts, six years..0.... . . .. . . . . . . IO,447,339 63 Total Expenditures, six years.9.... . .. . . . . . . 9,864,319 03 For Schools, six years.... .. . . . .. .. . . . . . 4,576,275 90 For Ordinary Expenses, six years.5..... .. . . . . . 5,288,043 13 For Idiots, six years... . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . 211,319 o6 PER CAPITA COMPARISONS. Republican. Democratic, Fourteenth. Fifteenth. Both. Rest of State. Gross Receipts.. . . . . . .. 7 40 2 8i 5 09 7 62 Ordinary Expenses .... ... 3 38 5 38 4 38 3 86 Total Expenditures ..... . 6 87 9 71 8 30 7 19 Total Idiots.0........ . 0 209 0 927 0 571 0 I54 Period of one term from S88o to z886. There was but one Republican judicial district in the state between the years men- tioned, and H. F. Finley was the judge and H. C. Eversole the commonweath's attorney. The following counties composed the district: Bell, Clay, Harlan, Jackson, Knox, Laurel, Leslie, Letcher, Owsley, Perry, Whitley and Knott. The records show the following: POPULATION. Republican, Fifteenth district, go,ooo; Democratic, rest of state, 1,641,100. Gross Receipts, Total Expendi- Six Years. tures, Six Years. Fifteenth District.. . ......... 249,3IO 79 677,157 i6 Rest of State..... ..1... . . . . . 12,736,452 50 9,862,i8i 05 Schools, Ordinary Expenses, Idiots, Six Years. Six Years. Six Years. Fifteenth District . . . . . 311,415 00 365,742 I6 70,592 33 Rest of State.. . 4... . 4,947,565 55 4,914,615 50 352,870 15 PER CAPITA COMPARISONS. Demo- Republican, cratic, Fifteenth Rest of District. State. Gross Receipts.... .... ........... . 2 77 7 15 Ordinary Expenses .4 o6 2 81 Total Expenditures.7 52 6 13 For Idiots.. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . 0 784 0 215 Period of one term from i886 to 1892. There were four Repub- lican judicial districts in the state between the years mentioned, the Seventh having D. H. Carr for judge and J. G. Craddock for commonwealth's attorney; the Eighth having T. Z. Morrow for judge and Wm. Herndon for commonwealth's attorney; the 19 Fifteenth having Robert Boyd for judge and A. H. Clark for commonwealth's attorney; the Nineteenth having H. C. Lilly for judge and James P. Marrs for commonwealth's attorney. The records show the following: POPULATION. Seventh District..... . . . .. .. . . . . .. . . Eighth District .................... Fifteenth District ................... Nineteenth District. Total Republican ................. Rest of State Democratic . For four Republican districts: Seventh District ....... . . ... Eighth Districti. ........... Fifteenth District .......... Nineteenth District ........... Total Schools, Six Years. Seventh District . 530,359 42 Eighth District .496,210 36 Fifteenth District .36i,634 95 Nineteenth District . . . . 334,509 44 Total. 1,722,714 17 Gross Receipts, Six Years. 444,731 3I 703,177 42 359,852 78 275,498 84 1,783,260 35 Ordinary Expenses Six Years. 26i,949 85 316,039 42 360,796 78 365,75I 05 1,304,537 10 113,164 . . . r108,456 . . 79,780 ... 68,760 . . 370,155 . . I,488,480 Total Expendi- tures, Six Years 792,309 27 8I2,249 78 722,431 73 7CO,260 49 3,027,251 27 Idiots, Six Years. 48,594 87 65,257 55 50,660 84 51,220 84 215,7 34 IO The totals for the rest of the state which contain Democratic districts show the following: Gross Receipts, six years . ..1.......... . . . i6,122,043 77 Total Expenditures, six years. . . . . .. . .. . . . . 12,304,886 65 Ordinary Expenses, six years.... . .. . . ...... 5,6i5,579 99 For Schools, six years.. .... . 6,689.306 66 For Idiots, six years..... . . . . .. . . . . . . . 292,077 13 PER CAPITA COMPARISONS. Republican. Demo- Seventh Eighth Fifteenth Nineteenth Alto- cratic, Rest District. District. District. District. gether. of State. Gross Receipts 3 93 6 48 4 51 4 00 4 82 IO 83 Ordinary Expenses, 2 31 2 91 4 52 5 3I 3 52 3 77 Total Expenses . . 6 12 7 48 9 05 I0 i8 81I 8 26 Idiots .. . 429 o 6oI o 635 0 759 0582 o i96 Period of three years from 1892 to 1895. There were three Republican districts in the state between the years mentioned, the Twenty-seventh having A. H. Clark for judge and W. R. Ramsey for commonwealth's attorney; the Twenty-eighth having 20 T. Z. Morrow for judge and C. W. Lester for commonwealth's attorney; and the Twenty-ninth having W. W. and J. C. Muncie for commonwealth's attorney. The records show the following: Districts. Population. Twenty-seventh .... . 58,156 Twenty-eighth .... . . 72,97I Twenty-ninth .... . . 63,017 Total...... . . i94,i44 Districts. Schools, Three Years. Twenty-seventh . . . 2o6,34i 80 Twenty-eighth .. . 237,324 20 Twenty-ninth ... I86,855 40 Total ..... . 630,521 40 The totals for the rest of the districts show the following: Population. Gross Receipts, three years . .... Total Expenditures, three years . . . For Schools, three years ...... Gross Receipts, Three Years. 105,680 42 133,506 I9 126,13i 69 365,3I8 30 Ordinary Expenses, Three Years. 130,723 40 10I,243 85 80,029 55 3II,996 8o rones for judge Total Expenditures, Three Years. 337,065 20 338,568 05 266,884 95 942,518 20 Idiots, Three Years. 13,436 05 21,I89 40 i6,258 33 50,883 78 state which contain Democratic ........ 1,664 491 .. . . . .. . 9,042,893 71 .. . . . .. . . . .7,668,687 14 ....... . .. . . ... 5,215,9137I For Idiots, three years .................. Ordinary Expenses, three years .... .. . ... .... PER CAPITA COMPARISONS. Republican. i67,547 I5 2,452,773 43 Democratic. Twenty-seventh. Twenty-eighth. Twenty-ninth. All Three. Rest ot State. Gross Receipts. . 1 82 i 83 2 oo i 88 5 43 Ordinary Expenses, 2 25 I 39 I 27 I 60 I 47 TotalExpendit'res, 5 79 4 64 4 23 4 85 4 6o Idiots .0.... . o 23 0 29 0 25 0 262 0 10 The counties composing the districts above mentioned are for the Twenty-seventh district, Clay, Jackson, Knox, Laurel, Leslie and Owsley; for the Twenty-eighth district, Clinton, Pulaski, Rockcastle, Wayne and Whitley; for the Twenty-ninth district, Adair, Casey, Cumberland, Metcalfe, Monroe and Russell. THE FOLLOWING IS THE AVERAGE PER CAPITA FOR THE WHOLE PERIOD, REJPUBLICAN COMPARED TO DEMOCRATIC DISTRICTS, FROM OCTOBER IO, i868, TO JULY I, I895. Republican. Gross Receipts.. ............. 3 84 Ordinary Expenses. . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . 3 34 Total Expenditures ............. .. 7 46 Idiots.0. ............. 517 Democratic. 7 99 3 05 6 39 0 15 21 The average per capita comparisons above set out are based on the following total figures for the entire period, the Repub- lican districts being kept to themselves and the Democratic like- wise: Population. Gross Receipts s....... Total Expenditures ..... Paid Schools ......... Ordinary Expenses...... Paid Idiots .......... Republican . 874,599 . . . . . 3,362,952 54 ...... ..... 6,429,587 49 . . . . . 3,507,538 44 ...... . .... 2,922,049 05 ...... . ..... 452,864 68 Democratic. 7,545,771 60,295,527 21 48,284.493 52 25,260,515 12 23,023,978 40 1,132,077 6i COMPARATIVE STATEMENTS CONTRASTING KENTUCKY WITH MICHIGAN, KANSAS AND NEW YORK. The following comparisons have been carefully compiled from the official reports of the states named. The state of Michigan being a Republican state, the state of Kansas Republican and Populistic and the state of New York having alternated between the two great political parties for years will present a fair con- trast of the economy in the administration of public affairs and the liberality of each state in encouraging and promoting the cause of education: MICHIGAN. AUDITOR'S REPORT YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, I894. Michigan. Kentucky . Michigan . . . .. . . Kentucky. Population 1890. . . 2,093,889 . . i,858,635 Total Taxable Valuation. . i 1, I 30, ooo,o o 677,664, 10o Percentage Increase in lo years. 27 92 12.73 State Tax Rate. I7420 42 Y Gross Receipts in Treasury. ...... . . .. 3,643,61928 ... ..... . ..... - -3,834,187 97 Number Pupils. . ............ . 676,073 ..... . .. . . . . .. 713,653 Paid for School Per Schools. Capita. I,O33,334 92 1 53 2,o62,233 55 2 75 Net Amount Governmental Purposes after deducting Amount School. 2,610,284 36 I, 771,954 42 Michigan raises nearly as much revenue by indirect as direct taxation, Kentucky only half as much. Michigan . Kentucky Michigan Kentucky 22 Amount Taxes Each Proportion Amount for Inhabitant Paid for Governmental Pur- Governmental Pur- poses Bears to the poses, 1894. Gross Receipts, 1894. Michigan.. ..... I.246 71 per cent. Kentucky ..... . .. . .. . 0953 46 per cent. As Kentucky pays for criminal prosecutions and Michigan does not, this amount should properly be deducted from the 1,77I,954 in order to show a fair comparison of amounts actually paid out by each state for purely governmental pur- poses. Under head "Criminal Prosecutions," Kentucky paid for year ending June, 1894 ................ . 236,9I3 83 Cost grand juries, year to July I, I893 ..... . 69,I26 oo One-half cost petit juries same year, as estimated part of criminal prosecutions .1.. . . . . I27,I27 24 I96. 253 24 Total for criminal prosecutions... .. . . . .. . . 433,167 07 In addition to this sum, Kentucky pays for follow- ing for which Michigan does not pay: County Assessors.. . . . .. . . . .. . . 04,I22 91 Expr.esses..... . . . . .. . . .. . . 4,959 o8 Jury Commissioners .1.... . . . .. . . I,I94 oo Record Books .... . . . .. . . . .. . 32,890 63 Revenue Supervisors.... . . . . .. . . 24,i88 oo Rewards ..... . . . . .. . . . .. . . 4,525 00 I7i 879 62 Total amount paid by Kentucky for certain expenses for which Michigan does not pay..... . . . 605,o46 69 This amount deducted from 1,77I,954 leaves i,i66,908 as the net amount paid out by Kentucky for purely governmental purposes, and is a trifle more than 30 per cent of the gross receipts, as compared to 71 per cent paid out by Michigan. To receive and disburse 3,643,61g gross receipts, as com- pared with Kentucky's 3,834,i87 gross receipts, Michigan has the following roll of state officers and salaries as compared with like officers and salaries paid in Kentucky: Governor. Total. Michigan, 4,000; private secretary, i,80o; clerk, I,466 . . . . 7,266 Kentucky, 5,200; private secretary, 1,200 . . . .. . .. . . . 6,400 Secretary of State. Michigan, secretary, deputy and clerk, 4,6oo; extra clerks, 41,829 . 46,429 Kentucky, secretary, assistant and clerk. 6,300 23 Treasurer. Michigan, treasurer, deputy and clerks ...... . ... .. 7,399 Kentucky, treasurer and assistant.... . . . . .. . . . . . 5,300 Auditor. Michigan, auditor and clerks, 14,299; extra clerical force, go- 455 .0.... . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. .. . . ro4,754 Kentucky, auditor and clerks .. ......... ... .. . 19,300 Land Office. Michigan, regular force, 7,000; extra, 6,528 . . . . . . . . . . 13,528 Kentucky, regular force.5.... . . . . . . . . . . . J.. . . 5,400 Superintendent Public Instruction. Michigan, regular force, 3,490; extra, 4,710 .. . .. . . .. . 8,200 Kentucky, regular force..... . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . 6,i6o Attorney- General. Michigan, attorney-general and clerks.. . . . . . . .. . . . 5,460 Kentucky, attorney-general .... . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 700 State Librarian. Michigan, regular force, 2,ioo; extra, 2,r4o...... . . . . 4,240 Kentucky, regular force. . ..... ....... . .. r,goo Insurance Commissioner. Michigan, regular force, 4,550; extra, 641 . . . . . . . . . . . 5,I91 Kentucky, regular force, 9,300; extra, 80 . . . . . . . . . . 9,380 Railroad Commissioners. Michigan, regular force, 5,495; extra, 941...... . . . .. 6,437 Kentucky, regular force.... . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 7,200 GRAND TOTAL OF ALL THESE OFFICES. Michigan, regular, 7r,733: extra, 157,967 . . . . . . . . . . . 229,701 Kentucky, regular, 67,960; extra, 80... . . . . . .. . . . 68,040 Difference in favor of Kentucky for officials named . .1. . . 141,661 LEGISLATIVE EXPENSES COMPARED. Both states have a sixty-day session, and the figures below show the cost of the last session of each state: Senate. Michigan. Kentucky. Number of officers............... . 47 14 Pay of officers.. . . .. . . . . . . . . .. 1.. i6,024 50 5,729 10 Number of members .............. . 32 38 Pay of members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 14,918 oo 13,490 00 Total pay of officers and members . . . . . . . . 30,942 50 19,219 10 24 House. Number of officers ............... Pay of officers ................. Number of members .............. Pay of members ................ Both Houses. Total pay of officers and members . . . . . . . . Total mileage, stationery and other expenses Totals. . . . .. . . . .. . . Michigan. Kentucky. 84 17 22,918 37 6,057 50 I00 I00 46, i9i oo 35,500 00 Michigan. , 69,109 37 6,314 20 75,423 57 Kentucky. 41,557 50 I3,772 90 55,330 40 KANSAS. Kansas Kentu4 AUDITOR'S REPORT YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, I894. Percentage Population Increase 189o. Proportion. in io Years. . 1,427,096 Kansas not quite 4-5 as 43-27 cky. . . 1,858,635 large as Kentucky. I2.73 Kansas . Kentucky. Kansas . Kentucky Kansas Kentucky . Total Taxable Valuation. State Tax Rate. 397,266,405 39 cents 677,664, 1oo 4234 cents Gross Receipts Annu in Treasury. to ......... . 2.395.015 5 .. . . . . .. . . 3,834,1 87 2,C Net Amt. Gov. Purposes, School after Deducting Amt. Per Capita. for Schools. .. . A 01 i,889,887 .. . 2 75 I,771,954 al State Aid Number of Schools. Pupils. 505,127 85 496,I39 )62,233 55 713,653 Proportion this Amount Bears to Gross Receipts. 79 per cent 46 per cent If the amount for " Criminal Prosecutions " and other expenses be deducted which Kentucky pays for and Kansas does not, and for which estimate see comparison with Michigan, the propor- tion then paid for purely governmental purposes by Kentucky was only a trifle more than 30 per cent of the gross receipts, as compared with 79 per cent paid by Kansas. Simply deducting the amount for schools from the gross receipts, and which in Kansas left i,889,887, and in Kentucky 1,771,954, each inhabitant of the said states paid for govern- mental purposes: Kansas... . ... . I 324 Kentucky.. ..... 953 NOTE.-The number of pupils is taken from the Superintendent's Report, i893-i894, and the per capita is computed from that number and the amount paid out by the state for i894. 25 STATE BONDED INDEBTEDNESS. .1894. Kansas . ... 1801,000 Kentucky.. ..... 674,o0o Per Capita. 1o 56i 0 362 BONDED DEBT, UNITED STATES CENSUS REPORT 1890. State and County less Sinking Fund. Per Capita. i880o, 19. i88o. Kansas . . .... . 8,966,42I 15,713,542 9 00 Kentucky . . .. - 7,036,I41 7,619,785 4 27 SALARY ROLL, STATE EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF KANSAS. Governor, 3,000, and department . . . . Executive Council ..................... Secretary of State, 2,500, and department . . . ... .. . Auditor, 2,500, and department .............. Treasurer, 2,500, and department .............. Attorney-General, 2,500, and department .......... Superintendent Public Instruction, 2,ooo, and department. Adjutant-General, 1,500, department and expenses. Insurance Superintendent, 2,ooo, and department ...... Railroad Commissioners, three at 2,500 each and department Bank Commissioners, three at 2,500 each and department . . State Librarian, i,600, and department ........... State Board of Agriculture, secretary, clerks and department . State Horticulture Society, secretary, and department ... . State Board of Health, secretary, 2,000, and department . State Board of Pardons ................... Labor Commissioner, department .............. State Mine Inspector..... . . .. . . ......... Live Stock Sanitary Commission .............. Silk Station . ..................... Forestry Station.. . . . .. .. . ... ... ... . Fish Commissioners. .................. State Board of Public Works. Police Commissioners ... . . . . . .......... Total for Kansas .................. . Total for Kentucky (executive officers only) ....... Difference in favor of Kentucky . . .. . ...... COST OF STATE PRINTING, BINDING, ETC. -Kansas, printing, 64,ooo; paper, etc., I6,ooo. Kentucky, printing, 49,314; paper, etc., 13,775 ..... Difference in favor of Kentucky . Total. 22,800 17,310 9,500 IO,3C0 9,900 7,500 6,950 34,750 11,000 I10,o000 .3,900 7,263 1,435 13.500 2,500 5, 000 2,000 5,000 3,600 3,900 500 6,ooo 8,400 2o8,oo8 12I,637 86,371 80,000 63,089 16,9II 1890. 11 0I1 4 10 . . 26 NEW YORK. COMPTROLLER'S REPORT, YEAR ENDING SEPTEMBER 30, 1894. POPULATION 1890. The population of New York in I890, as shown by the United States census of that year, was 5,997,853; of Kentucky for the same year, 1,858,635. The population of New York then is not quite three and one-fourth times greater than Kentucky. Gross Tax Receipts. 18,537,948 03 3,834,187 97 Aggregate Assessed Valuation, Realty and Personalty. 4,i99,882,058 677,664,0oo Proportion. New York then, a state not quite 3 times larger than Kentucky, collects nearly 5 times as much revenue. Proportion. New York wealth more than 6k times as much as Kentucky. State Tax Rate on 100. ........... . . . . .. . . . ....... 2I A .......... . . . . .. . ... ..... 4 2 Paid for Salaries and Expenses Public Departments ex- cluding Asylums, Prisons, etc. 3,127,889 04 .. 296,427 29 State Aid to Schools. I . . 4,606,070 13 .... ... 2,o62,233 55 Amount Derived from Direct Taxation. 9,1 55,742 88 2,880,072 42 Proportion. New York, not quite 3Y4 times larger, pays Ii times more for salaries, etc., than Kentucky. Proportion. New York, being 3X times larg- er and 6X times wealthier, only pays 23 times more for schools than Kentucky. PER CAPITA COMPARISONS. AMOUNT PAID BY EACH INHABITANT UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 1890 AND COMPTROLLER'S REPORT 1894. For Salaries and For Direct Taxes. For Schools. Expenses Public Departments. New York .. .. .1. ... .. . 53 0 77 0 52 Kentucky . . . . . . . .. . . .I 55 I I i6 SALARY LIST AND EXPENSES OF EACH PUBLIC DEPARTMENT. Governor and department . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 36,164 99 Secretary of State's department... . . . . . .. . . . . .43,632 20 'New York raises nearly as much revenue by indirect as by direct taxation. :Kentucky only half as much. New York .... Kentucky . . . . New York .... Kentucky . . New York . Kentucky New York . Kentucky . New York Kentucky . 27 Comptroller's department ........ . . . 124,366 83 Treasurer's department. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 28,041 21 Attorney-General's department .. ... .. . . . . . . . . 41,550 71 State Engineer and Surveyor's department.. . . . . . . 38,596 94 Board of Claims' department . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . 27,899 34 Board of Mediation and Arbitration. . 14,9I4 II Factory Inspector.. . . . . ..... .......... 54,695 o6 Bureau of Labor Statistics............. . . . . . 36,978 73 Civil Service Commission. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 17,939 76 Department of Public Instruction. . .. . . . . . . . .. 44,125 58 Regents University. ... . . . . . . . .. 3I,643 10 State Library .. . . . . . . .. .. .. . 46,465 69 State Museum Natural History . .24,750 78 Board of Health. .... . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . 54,841 64 Commission in Lunacy . .21,741 II Public Buildings, services employes, supplies, etc . . 232,098 25 Mine Inspector ..3.86 57 Shore Inspector . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . 22,414 75 Board of Port Wardens ................... 4.582 84 Quarantine . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. 113,551 99 Pilot Commissioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 3,542 34 Com missioners of Fisheries.. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . 59,313 56 Game and Fish Protectors . .27,400 96 Oyster Protector..1.... . ... .. ..... ..... 1,984 10 Weather Bureau . .... . . . .. . . . . . . .. . 5,700 94 Forest Commission ... . ... 43,498 92 Department of Agriculture: Distributed to county societies, institutes, etc. . . r26,8o6 31 Experimental station, etc ............ . 46,280 76 Salaries, commissioner, assistants and expenses department .0............... . 104,795 54 277,882 6i National Guard: Adjutant-General .... . ...... . . . . . 52,562 47 Inspector-General. .... .......I... 6,374 91 Ordnance Department . . 2I7,627 33 Paymaster-General .8o,ooo oo Inspector Rifle Practice . .37,526 49 Judge Advocate General .1,720 04 Other departments expenses . . .... .... . 373,842 I4 State assessors, same as state board of equalization in Ken- tucky . Banking department ................... Insurance department ................. 769.653 98 9,000 00 31,981 30 I18,357 44 28 Railroad commissioners .... . . . . .. . .. . . . . . 53,631 10 Board electrical control (New York). . . . . . . . . 48,233 o6 Electrical subway commission (Brooklyn) .. .... . . . 12,595 38 Inspector gas meters. .... . . . . . . .1... . . . . 12,534 72 Judiciary: Court of Appeals, salaries, expenses, etc. .I29,397 97 Supreme Court, salaries, expenses, etc. ... . . 449,8o6 27 Miscellaneous reporter .... . . . . . . . . . 8,5X7 2I 587,721 45 Total salaries and expenses ........... . . 3,127,889 o4 THE PLATFORM. FIRSr-The Democracy of Kentucky in convention assembled con- gratulate the country upon the repeal of the McKinley tariff law, and upon the evidences we have on every hand of returning prosperity, under the operations of reduced and equalized tariff taxation; and we denounce as fraught with danger and disaster the threat of our Republican adver- saries to re-establish a protective tariff and to reinaugurate a policy of unequal taxation, which in connection with general misgovernment by the Republican party culminated in the business panic of I893. SECOND-The Democratic party, which has always stood for the sepa- ration of church and state, for the sake alike of civil and religious freedom, does not hesitate to condemn all efforts to create a distinction among citizens because of differences in faith as repugnant to an enlightened age and abhorrent to the instincts of American freemen. THIRD-We reaffirm without qualification the principles and policies declared by the National Democratic Platform of 1892, and declare that our present National Democratic Administration is entitled to the thanks of the party for its honest, courageous and statesmanlike management of public affairs; and we express our undiminished confidence In the Democracy and patriotism of Presi- dent Grover Cleveland and his distinguished co-adviser and Secre- tary, John G. Carlisle, of Kentucky. FOURTH-When the Democratic party came into power in 1867 the bonded indebtedness of Kentucky was over 4,600,ooo. The nominal value of the assets of the Sinking Fund was about 8,ooo,ooo, made up in part of internal improvements that cost over and were carried at a valua- tion of 4,800,000, but which yielded at that time no net revenue, and were worth in cash only about 500,000, thus showing an actual deficit in the Sinking Fund as compared with our indebtedness of about igoo,ooo. Since i867 the bonded indebtedness has been reduced to 65o,ooo, and the available assets of the Sinking Fund more than equal that sum. We have increased the annual appropriation for support of our char- itable institutions from 250,000 in i867 to 5oo,ooo in i895, and while improving our judicial system by increasing the number of courts and the frequency of their terms, we have been compelled to increase our expenditures, one of the greatest items of which is the cost of criminal prosecutions, and a noticeable fact in connection with which is that the increase is greatest in districts controlled by Republican officials. We have, nevertheless, been able to decrease the current rate of taxation for general revenue purposes from twenty cents on the one hundred dollars of taxable property in i867 to fifteen cents in i895. The Democratic 30 majority have voluntarily increased the annual expenditures for the sup. port of common schools from 256,ooo in I867 to about 2,000,ceo in I895, and by wisely providing separate schools for the two races are to-day giving to the children of the colored race opportunities for education they nowhere else enjoy. In the face of unexampled difficulties the Democratic party has suc- ceeded in wholly withdrawing convict labor from competition with free labor and in abolishing the practice inherited from the Republican party of leasing the convicts to parties interested solely in making profit out ol their labor, and in adopting the modern and improved methods by which the state and its officers are made directly responsible for the manage- ment of our state prisons, and under which our penitentiary system has been and is being greatly improved. During the twenty-eight years the people have intrusted the Demo- cratic party with the control of the state government its administration has been characterized by the strictest economy and integrity, and in this regard we invate comparison with any Republican state government. FWTB-We express our confidence in the wisdom and honesty with which the present state administration has conducted the affairs of our state government.