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Another voice from the tomb : being a funeral sermon, occasionedby the death of Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, Esq. Secretary of State. Delivered in M'Chord's Church, Lexington, Ky., sabbath afternoon, February 8th, 1824 / by the Rev. Robert H. Bishop.
Another voice from the tomb : being a funeral sermon, occasionedby the death of Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, Esq. Secretary of State. Delivered in M'Chord's Church, Lexington, Ky., sabbath afternoon, February 8th, 1824 / by the Rev. Robert H. Bishop. Bishop, Robert H. (Robert Hamilton), 1777-1855. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2002 b92-155-29771876 Electronic reproduction. 2002. (Beyond the shelf, serving historic Kentuckiana through virtual access (IMLS LG-03-02-0012-02) ; These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Another voice from the tomb : being a funeral sermon, occasionedby the death of Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, Esq. Secretary of State. Delivered in M'Chord's Church, Lexington, Ky., sabbath afternoon, February 8th, 1824 / by the Rev. Robert H. Bishop. Bishop, Robert H. (Robert Hamilton), 1777-1855. Printed by Thomas T. Skillman, Lexington, Ky. : 1824. 28 p. ; 21 cm. Coleman Microfilm. Atlanta, Ga. : SOLINET, 1994. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. (SOLINET/ASERL Cooperative Microfilming Project (NEH PS-20317) ; SOL MN03988.07 KUK) Printing Master B92-155. IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Breckenridge, Joseph Cabell, 1788-1824. ANOTHER BEING A OCCAS1ONED BY THE DEATH OF JOSEPH CABELL BRECKINRIDGE, Esq SECRETARY OF STATE: VELIVER!IFI iN I'CHORD'S CHURCH, LEXINGTON, KY. Sabbath Afternoon, February 8th, 1824. BY THE REV. ROBERT H. BISHOP. "lHe being dead-yet speaketh." "How many fall as sudden, not as safej" LEXINGTON, KY. PRINTED BY THOMAS T. SKILLMAN. 1824. This page in the original text is blank. V VOICE FROMI THE TOMB! PSALM C11. 15, 16, 17. -Yfsfor nAn, his days are as grass; as ajiower of the field, so heflourisheth: For the windpasseth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know it no more. But the mercy of the Lord is from ever- lasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children." MY FRIENDS, WE are met here this afternoon under circumj stances peculiarly solemn. A friend-a father-a husband-a brother-and the son of an aged moth- er-has been called into Eternity. To the friend of sinners, and of the distressed-to the Eternal Father and to his Eternal and well beloved Son-and to the Eternal Spirit, the sanctifier and the comforter, let us lift up our eyes and our hearts, that he would be pleased to bless aburdantly to Lis and to ours this severe and afflicting dispensation of his holy prov-. iidence. We are called upon to remember that we our- selves also are mortal, and are passing on with in- conceivable rapidity to the eternal world-and that soon, very soon, all the relations in which we stand to one another shall be dissolved. "-Brethren the time is short: it renaineth. that ';oth thex that have Nvives be as tholigh they 11haId [ 4 i nonle; and they that weep, as though they wept not; and they that rejoice, as though they rejoiced not; and they that buy, as though they possessed not; and they that use this world, as not abusing it: for the fashion of this world passeth away." 1 Cor. vii. 29-31. My friends, it is no delusion-the time is it hand, when our wives shall be widows-and our children shall be fatherless-and our friends shall be, as far as we shall have it in our power to assist them, with- out a friend; and when all our enjoyments, and all our prospects, and all our sorrows, and all our fears and anticipations, so far as this world is concerned, shall be at an end-they shall be gone, and gone forever. "As for man, his day are as the grass, as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth; For the wind passeth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know it no more." Fair and flourishing, and strong and lasting, to appearance, is that son- that daughter-that husband-that wife-that coin- panion and friend.-But these are not the strength and the beauty of the cedar of Lebanon, nor of the oaks of Bashan; but the strength and the beauty of the grass, and of the flower of the field-only an hour hence, and the wind passeth over it, and it is "one; and the placeX thereof shall know it no inorec Few are thy days, and full of woe, o man of woman born. Thy doom is written, "Dust thou art, And shalt to dust return." Behold the emblem of flii) state In flowvers that bloom and die; Or in the shadow's fleeting fortyi. That viocks thc gazer's eve. [ :) ] Yet still the grave and eternity are not gloomy things. Nor shall we be forgotten, nor shall we cease from enjoyment, when our place shall not be known on earth. We are immortal as well as mortal beings, and the very same principles in our nature by which we are connected with one another, and endeared tc one another here, are used to connect us with Eter- nity, and with the Father of Eternity, and with one another as his children. "But the mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his right- eousness unto children's children." Our earthly friends are continually, daily, and hourly, disappearing: but if they are the friends of our Lord Jesus Christ, they are not lost-their rela- tion to the Everlasting Father, and their interest in his everlasting mercy, continues unchanged. And if we also are the friends of our Lord Jesus, they are not lost to us, nor are we lost to them. Our con- nection with them, in all that is valuable, continues also as it was. We are still children of the same covenant, heirs and enjoyers of the same mercy, and our new-covenant God is the common centre of our mutual interests and mutual enjoy ments. Now, while there may be an infinite variety of ways in which this connection is maintained betwixt heav- en and earth-betwixt eternity and time-betwixt the spirits of just men inade perfect, and spirits yet dwelling in clay tabernacles-there is one which is very clearly revealed in the Bible, and revealed as one of the ebhif sources of consolation i hen we 6 3 are dedrived of our earthly friends. It is this, that God himself condescends to sustain to us while on earth the very same relation which our departed friends sustained to us; and by a parity of reasoning, he sustains to our friends in glory the very same relation which we on earth sustained to them. Thus, while all other things connected with the history of man, as an inhabitant of earth, are con- tinually changing-the mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting, c. We shall illustrate this fact by a reference to a few a particular cases. 1. "For thy Maker is thine husband: The Lord of hosts is his namte: and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; the God of the whole earth shall he be called." Isaiah 54. 5. Instead of a creature, weak and dependant and changeable in his condition, and in his plans and purposes, you have here the Creator of all, and the preserver and the governor of all, the Almighty, as thy husband. And whatever the earthly husband had a heart to do, the God of the whole earth, the maker, and the preserver of all, is ready to do for thee and for thine. He is the father of the father- less and a judge of the widows, in his holy habita- tion. (Psalm 68. 5.) The God of Israel has pledged his unsullied veracity to (lo all this. And shallthesethingsbe known onearth, and shall they nol be known in heaven and in glory also The departed husband in heaven will have his hap- piness increased, and will have his song of triumph ant of victory excited with a new and a more vigor- [ 7 ] aus impulse from the knowledge of the fact-that his destitute and bereaved widow-that his helpless and orphan family, are taken anew under the special protection of the arm of the Almighty. That from the single fact that she is a widow, and that they are fatherless, they have a new claim to the protec- tion of the God of the whole earth. 2. "Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him. For lie knoweth our frame; he remembereth that we are dust." Ps. ciii. 13, 14. And again.-A father of the fatherless, as well as a judge of the widow, is our God in his holy hab- itation. Here again.-Instead of an earthly, and weak and mortal father, a father who, however strong his affec- tion might have been, had only limited means, we have a heavenly Father, an Eternal Almighty Father -and a Father who, while he knows our frame and the frame of our helpless and exposed and destitute infants, has compassion and care and attention, and power to relieve, as extensive as the universe, as extensive, and as durable as eternity. Man of vio- lence and deceit, beware of oppressing the widow and the fatherless! Their judge is just and terri. ble! And while the Father of mercies is watching over the bereaved children on earth, and while those chil- dren with all their infirmities shall know that their heavenly father cares for them, and enters into all their delicate feelings-while these things are known and felt on earth, will not the glorified father in, L 8 I heaven know also, and know in a for irorw extrn. dive and perfect manner, that his child-an are the watched over-thus provided for-thus chtrleed and comforted. Will he not know that, while all other schemes of speculation have failed, and while his cstildren are thrown upon the wide world without an inherit- ance-one charter-the charter of the everlasting Covenant, has continued unbroken. Will it Hct be known in heaven as well as upon earth, that the "mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlast- ting upon them that fear him, and his righteoasness unto children's children"- And will not the knowledge of these facts in heav- en cheer the heart, and animate the devotion of the glorified father in heavtn, as well as the bereaveil and helpless children on earth They will. Un doubtedly they will. One class of factss more. 3. "For ye have not received the spirit of bondagt again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The Spir- it itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ: if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorifi- ed together. For I reckon, that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us." Rom. viii. 15 -18. "For it became him, for whom are all thigs, and by whom are all things, in bringin!c many song unto glory, to make the Captain of therr saivatibo t 9 j perfect through sufferings. For both he that sant- tifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brt'ahren, saying, I will declare thy nanme unto my bre'.hren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee. And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold, I and the children which God hath-given me. Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself liken ise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the posicr of death, that is, the devil; 1ud deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bond- age. For verily he took not on him the nature of aBgeis; but he took on. him the seed of lbraham. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people: For in that he himself hath suffered, being tempted, he is aile to succour them that are tempted." Heb. ii. 10-trend. rhe general principle in both these passages, is the same, and it is clear and decisive, bearing upon our present subject. It is-that the union which takes place on earth, betwixt an individual on one Part--anl the head of the new covenant, and all the children of the new covenant, on the other-is n indissoluble or everlasting union: and that through our Lord Jesus Christ, as the living Head, by meanl of the one eternal, regenerating, sancti- 2 j710 3 fying and comforting Spirit, this union is a. union of" social intercourse as well as of social interest. As children and heirs,. even heirs of God, afi4 joint-heirs with Christ, we sqfer with him here, that we may also be glorified together. The stifferioig and the glory then, are connected, and will contin- ie to be connected till glory has swallowed up all suffering. H-e who sanctifieth, and they who are sanctified, are all of one. One, and eternally one with the Son of God's love and with one another. The Son of God condescended to assume and wear our nature; wear that nature, both in earth and in heaven-both in time and through eternity-for the express pur- pose that he Light be able to enter into all our feel- ings, both in our mortal and immortal state; be one with us in all our sorrows, and finally make us on e with him in his joys. These then may serve as spe- cimens of the genera. principle. Man, as an inhabitant of this earth, is of but very short duration-and all our relations which have this earth only for their object, are soon, very soon, to be dissolved; but the Father of mercies has been pleased to connect man with himself-and by means of this connection to connect man with a large por- tion of his fellowv men in such a way, that though our earthly friends may disappear, they are not lost ei- ther to themselves or to us. Now the practical improvement which we ought to make of this great and leading fact, is vety plain. We love our earthly friends, and they love us, and we cannot think of parting with our friends and relatienru i it1] without a pang. And if our social relations are re- ally useful and agreeable, we wish that they should continue forever. Now the gospel of God's Son presents the only rational hope of our realizing these our wishes. It is this gospel alone which gives at once elevation and permancency to our most agreeably earthly feelings. You, my friend, look to your husband-you look to your wife-you look to your son-you look to your daughter-you look to your bosom friend-to your second self-and Ohs you cannot, even in anticipation, bear the thought of the hours of separation! By all that is tender then in human nature, as well as by all that is awful in eternity, let me in God's name this evening beseech you to secure an interest in the head of the pew covenant, first for yourself, and then so far as your influence, and your prayersand entreaties,and example, and admonition can extend-from this hour hence, let them bear upon this one point-that husband-that wife- that son-that daughter-that bosom friend, may also with you be an heir of that God, and an joint- heir with Christ. Our departed friend was every thing which a friend, and a husband, and- a father, and a son could be. And he was in most cases consider- a1bly more than what we expected of himn. That is, in all these varied relations he generallv antici- pated out expectations. Now, ought we not to be grateful-that the Father of mercies did bestow -upon us and upon our friends such a gift; and did in his good providence continue him with us. (while hl [ 12 ] was with us) in all his usefulness. This was no .common mercy. He was taken from us suddenly. In the prime and vigour of life. In the very midst of most ex- tensive and important public and private business. Ali, my friends, let us be admionished--to have our loins girded and our lamps burning, for at such an hour as we think not our Lord may come. But though he is gone, he is not we trust lost. And though he was taken away suddenly and un- expectedly, he was not unprepared. Nor did the evidence of his having been an heir of God, and a a joint-heir with Christ, depend on an interview with him upon his death lsed. He is not lost. He is only gone a little way in advance. ILis relation with the living Head, and with the household of God, remains unbroken. His cares and anxieties onlv are gone, and his enjoy- ments are Inade complete and permanent. JOSEPH CABELL BRECKINRIDGE was the son of the Hon. John Breckenridge, the framer of our state constitution, and for sone time Attorney General of the United States, and Ma ry IfopkinsCabell, both of Virginia. Ile was their second child, and first son, born in AlbIemarle co;unty, Virginia, on the 24th of July, 1788. After a short residence there his par- ents removed to the state of Kentucky, and estab- 1-shed themselves in 1792, in the 5th year of his age, in the town of Lexington. Shortly afterwards the family lecamc permanently settled on a farm near the town, and Mr. Breclkinridrge was at once and fullh identified with the interests of tcre state of [13 1 Kentucky. About the age of 14 he placed his so) Joseph in a Grammar School in his native state, with the object of preparing his young mind for fuiture and extensive usefulness. It was in this school, while sitting under the powerful preaching of the Rev. Dr. Archibald Alexander, now a distinguished professor in the Theological Seminary at Princeton, New-Jer. sey, that he received his first religious impressions. Here his convictions, though quite a boy, were deep, and continued for some time to affect his feelings and life. But by the providence of God lie was soon afterwards removed from the ministerial instruc- tions of this great and good man, to a school in the west, in which the budd ing hope of the gospel in his heart was withered by the pestilent breath of in- fidelity. [See Note A.] After the necessary acqnirements were made, he was taken by his father to the College of New-Jer- sey, at Princeton, in the autumn of 1804. He was here received into one of the lowver classes of the in- stitution, and coatinued his connection with it in his progress through the course of study ordinarily pur- sued there, until the sudden death of his father cal- ed hin home to his bereaved family, in the winter of t8f06-7. Thle solemn responsibilities connected with beconing, almost in his boyhood, the head of a large family, and the principal agent in adjusting the concerns of an extensive and complicated estate, deeply affected his nind, and suddenly impressed a gravity, a prudence, a decision and maturity upon his character, which were beyond his years. Be- fore fullv entering on. these important and trying [ 4 ] services, lie returned, in 1808, to the Callegi. X, New-Jersey, and graduated with distinguished hop- our in 1810. It Buas during the latter stay at PrIncetonu that he became attached to the daughter of the Rev. President, Mary Clay Smith, whom he afterwArdv married and brought with him to his native state. Here in retirement we find him directing the ed- ucation of the rising family of which he had be- come a foster father, and preparing himself, in the intervals which were spared from the variouR duties arising out of this relation, for the practice of the law. It was while thus engaged that he was called, by an appointment from General Sam- uel Hopkins, to the office of his aid-de-camp, to en- gage in an expedition against the western Indians. He was now the head and hope of two families, and it was not without a convulsive struggle that they could surrender him to a service of exposure and peril-or he leave, perhaps forever, his weeping and dependant kindred. But it was the call of his country. He obeyed-and after two campaigns, occupying together several months, he was restpor- ed by a kind providence to the bosom of his friends. After his return lie finished his preparatory sth- dies. and was admitted to the bar of Kentucky. Hie soon after settled himself in Lexington, and en- tered upon the regular practice of his pression. It need rot be told his fellow citizens how rapidly lie grew upon public notice, regard, and patronage. Vcry s-oon after his establishment in Lexington he was literally compelled by his friends, against his [ 15 ] ewh views, to enter into political life. He was e- lected repeatedly to the state legislature from Fay-. ette county, find soon rose to the speaker's chair, almost in his political and personal boy hood. This office he filled with great dignity, firmness, aind pib- lic approbation, during his continuance in that hon- ourable body. On the accession of General Adair to the guber- natoral chair of the state, he was designs ted by pub- lic opinion as well as by the governor himself, for the office of Secretary of State. This fact, connect- ed with the professional inducements of the place, determined him in the choice of Franklfort as a place of residence. He accordingly removed weith his fam- ily to it in the spring of 1621. Here he continued, dis- charging the various and responsible duties which devolved upon him, and growing daily in the affec- tions and gratitude of his country, till he was called to a better country and a better home. But what is especially interesting in this imper- fect sketch, is, his relation to the church of the Lord Jesus Christ. The convictions which so deeply af- fected his soul at: the age of fourteen were never ell- tirely effaced, but continued in unequal degress, a- midst the changes of opinion, and habit, and so- 'ciety, to which his circumstances and natural char- acter exposed him. At College, while studying the Evidences of Christianity, under the instruction of Dr. Smith, his principles became firmly and finally fixed in favour of the divine authority of the Bi- ble, and though still a stranger to the sanctifying influieneo of the doctrines of revelation, he took his [16 ] stand, and became an advocate for their being taught and studied in connew1on with every thing else. And. follosking tip this tFsst principle, it was by his faithful hand (though before he had became a practical follower of the Saviour) that those seeds were first suwn, which, under God, have grown up for the service of the church in the person of a younger brother. Under the same general principle, while he stu- died the history of the world, and particularly the history of the laws and politics of his own country, with a view of devoting himself to her service, he read and studied his Bible-the history of the church, and of the providence of God-the statement of the general principles tunder which God has from the be- ginning governed the world-the history of the first nations of the earth, as given by the Spirit of God, andI the charter of the heavenlV inheritance,-and while he read and studi d this sacred volume, the Spirit of God breathed upon his understanding and his heart, and he was more and more attached to the truth as it was in Jesus. These impressions were still farther cherished by his lot being cast under the ministry of the lanment- ed James M'Chord. Under the faithful ministry of this servant of the Redeenmer, amidst the pressing cares of public life and professional business, and amidst innumerable other temptations, lhe became convinced of his lost condition as a sinner, and ob-- tained also some clear views of the onIly method of qalvation. He endeavotired for himself to accept [ 17 J of the tender of mercy, and to resolve in God's strength to be for the Lord and not for another. Being convinced of the truth as it is revealed in the Bible, he was not ashamed to confess his Lord and Master before men. Very soon after his appearance at the bar, he made, in the house where we are now assembled, a public profession of his faith in our Lord Jesus Christ. He solemnly devo- ted himself, and his all, to him who loved the sonls of men, and who washed them in his blood. He was the first Lawyer in Lexington who did so, ci- ther in this, or in any other hotisf of worship-and he was also probably the first Lawyer, (and the. first representative from Fayette co rnty, who regularly carried his Bible with hinm from Lexington to Frank- fort, whether he was attending to his duties in the courts of Law, or in the hall of Legislation. Having set his face heaven-wvard, he pursued a steady course. In the public assemblies of the saints-in his family-in his social intercourse with his friends-in all his intercourse with men, he gave decisive evidence that he considered it at once his privilege, his honour, and his safety, to have his destiny, and the destiny of his family, connected with the destiny of that kingdom which shall en- dure forever. And it was here, and here cnly, my friends and fellow mortals, that he was never disappointed. It was here, and here only, that his enjoyments exceeded his most sanguine expec- tations. In all his other plans and pursuits and prospects, there were many heavy and unexpected disappointments-here he enjoyed real, solid, and in. 3. creasing satisfaction. Here his enjoyment, eveb tp- on earth exceeded his hopes. His Christian profession was as the path of the just, which shineth more and more unto the perfect day. His views of the leading articles of the chris- tian faith were from the beginning clear, extensive and accurate; but his knoledge of the practical influence of these doctrines upon the heart, and upon. the life, and upon the interests of civil and religious societywas at the c(tnimienucment of his course ve- ry imperfect. His knowx ledge of the doctrines of Christianity, was acquired by the calmi and patient investigations of the closet, previously to his having much intercourse with christian men, or his being much iin(ler the influence of Christian institutions. His knowledge of Christian practice was the result of his own experience and personal observation, af- ter he was publickla connected with the church. His religion, was, first intelligence and then feel- ing. His character as a religious wan was con- sequently somewhat different (though essentially the same) from those whose feelings take the lead of their understanding. Hence, while there was in his short Christian course, perhaps, little addition to his stock of what is usually called the- ological knowledge, his intimate friends marked with pleasure his rapid advances in humnility-in pa- tience and resignation to the divine will-in confi- dence in the l)ronuises, and in love toward God and man. The difficulties with which he had to contend is mnaintaining his Christian profession, were some what E 19 j different from those of the most of his fellow pro febsors. He had fronm early life, perhaps from child- hood, formed the resolution of being a public char- acter. And no son of the west ever had more en- couraging prospects. His acquirements in classicial and scientifick literature, were considerable. His knowledge of history, and of the principles of gener- al policy, extensive. He was blest with that kind of mind, and with that kind of talents, which render- ed his company always desirable, whether reliaxa- tion, or innocent andi cheerful amusement, or seri- ous and interesting information, was the object of social ivt-rcourse-and his connection with men and with families of respectability and influence, was extensive. Now, ou his assuming a christian profession, and upon his feeling the weight and the extent of Christian responsibility, he was placed, fromn these circumnstances alone, in a situation which few, very few indeed, either of the men of the world, or of his fellower professors, fully understood. And if ever a harsh thought was cherished against him, by either friend or foe, it was because his situation at the time was not understood. He was not a hypocrite, who had assumed the christian profession, and ws'ho had cultivated chris- tian acquaintances, merely to make all subservient to some political project. He had connected himself vith the church of the fiving God, for the purpose more specially of promnoting his own personal salva- won, and the salvation of his ftnimil)y. His political! principles were also decidedly oppose( to ally, the most distant,alliance b)etwixt church anD state. Ilenor [ 20 j he was equally opposed to his making his civil or pox litical connections subservient in the least to his re- ligious character, or subservient to the views or par- ty namnes of his religious friends. Nor was he a religious enthusiast, who supposed that upon his becon.ing a Christian he was to re- nounce at once and forever all intercourse and con- nection with the world, or with the nmen of the world. He had devoted himself, soul and body, to his Maker and his Saviour, but he was to serve his God and his Saviour by attending to the duties of his pro. fession, and by his having, while doing his own bu- siness, and while transacting the business of others anal of the commonwealth, extensive and frequent, and in some cases intimate, connection with men who were not only strangers to religion, but with Len who were hostile to the very forms of Christi- anity. And to maintain a christian profession, and to live a life of piety, under such circumstances, was no ensy task. That he succeded in acting out the christian life, in all its extent, under these circuin- stances, we affirm not. "If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves. and the truth is not in us.", But this mutch we say, that under all circumstances, and in every situation, there was a something about Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, which at once distin- guished him from the men of the world, and also from theim who have only 'a name to live while dead. His principles of action were generally correct-but, like all other men, he sometimes failed in applying these general principles to particular cases; vet eved [r2 ] in his failures, he gave evidence of the influence of christian principle apd ardent piety. He became a citizen of Lexington, and begun the world, when speculation of every kind, was in Lex- ington at its zenith. His plans were extensive and his hopes high, and he partook considerably of the spirit of the times, and the spirit of the place. Inexperience, a sanguine temper, and too much con- fidence in men, exposed him at this tine to miscal- culation -unfortunate pecuniary ventures, and con- sequent pecuniary losses.-It will be. well for our town, and for our country at large, if the spirit of speculation-producing sudden and artificial gain, or deep and intolerable loss-affect them as they did our departed friend, towards heaven.-It will be well, if it only give, with sudden wealth. more mearls of serving God-or, with sudden losses here, more love to that kingdom where "moth and rust cannot corrupt" possession, and to that God "with whom there is no variableness, nor shadow of turn- ing." It wifl be well indeed, if it do not unsettle the foundation-principles of society, and mingle with the causes not only of personal, but national corrup- tion, and -national ruin. The commencement of his public life was as flat- tering as could have been desired. The largest vote which ever had been given in Fayette county, marked at once the respect which the community paid to the talents and to the services of the de. ceased father, and the hopes and confidence which they cherished towards thew son. Nor amidst the ev- er-changing opinions and changing political parties, [ 22 j which are inherent in the very nature of popular governments, did he in the course of his life lose ei,- ther his independence of mind, or in any degree his honours or his influence. It is believed that he enjoyed, at his death, the public confidence to as great an extent as any other individual in the state did, and was, both as a statesman and a lawyer, on the high road to the first honours and emoluments which his country had to bestow. But he is gone. His days were as the grass; as a flower of the field so he flourished: the wind passed over him, and he is gone; and his place in his family, among his nunmer- ous friends, in the courts of law, in the councils of the nation, shall no more be occupied by him. And, Oh, my friends and fellow mortals! this would be a day of gloom and of sorrow indeed, could we not add-'"But the mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children; to such as keep his covenant, and to those that re- member his comrnandinents to do them." Nor was he cult off alone. Another very tender, but fair anad pro miisin,-. flowver, from the same stock, was plucked up by the root, and torn from the em- braces of a family, who had just begun to recover a little strength from the prostration occasioned by the loss of him, who was, so far as worldly arrange- ments were concerned, their chief strength and hope. MARY AN-N CASTLEMAN, whose prospects, as to all the real. enjoyments of this life, were as flattering l 23 ] as it was possible, and in whose life the hope 6f the grandmother was from a variety of circum- stances almost bound up. Yes, her days also were as grass, and as a flower of the field. In the morn- ing she was flourishing and growing uip; but in the evening she was cut down and withered. In this sacred spot, she also was publickly and solemnly devoted to God, by her grandmother. Noor was she merely devoted in form to God. Under the same grandmother's care, she was, so far as reli- gious instruction, and religious discipline, and the prayer of faith could go, brought tip in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. And while calculations were made, that she was to be an ornament and a blessing to her ox n generation, and to the gen- eration which isyet to be born, she was wvatched o- ver and trained as an immortal being, and as an im- mortal being who might soon be in eternity. And here, as in the former case, the ground of our hope, the only source of our comfort, is in the plain and express declaration of Him who cannot lie. The mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children. "As for mne, this is my covenant with them, saith Jehovah, iny Spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy month, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the Lord, from henceforth evert for ever." Is. lix. 21. He who spared not his own Son, but delivered him nip for us all, how shall he not with him als) freely  give us all things The gift of God's Son for thq ransom of our souls, is ample security that there can be no loss ip our dearest earthly relations, which our heavenly Father cannot and will not make up even in this life. We are called upon also this day to record the goodness of GAd, in sparing and recovering those who have been at the gates of death. Other inter- esting and important members of the family are alive and in good health this day, who at the time ouir friend expired were supposed to have been in greater danger than lie was. Let them take the cup of salvation and call upon the name of the Lord. Let them now pav their vows unto the Lord, in the presence of all his people.-Let us mutually resolve, in God's strength, to be from this day faithful to one another,-faithful and affectionate in living and in acting for eternity. Only one train of associations more, and we close. About ten years ago, a handful of friends united heart and hand to erect this house of God, in which we are now assembled-and amoiong these friends brother Breckinrid-e heM an important place. By the good hand of our God upon us, the foundation of this temple was laid and it its walls were built in tioublous tines. Many were the difficulties and many were the sorrows of those '-days. A church how- ever, at list was organized, and our departed friend was one of the first members and first officers. It is well known to the most of you that the reg- tar worshippers in this house have never been nu, [ 25 j wierous-and that oftener than once the society hags, in the language of despondence, been on the eve of dissolution. Yet the word has been preached with- in these walls, by spirits who are now in glory- and preached to the handful, not with the enticing words of man's wisdom; but in the demonstration of the Spirit, and in power. And from the few who have regularly worshipped here, and who have ta. ken an interest in all that concerned the welfare of the establishment, we count a goodly number who are already in glory. And you-my lately departed brother! when you first sat down with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of God! and when you -first took your place among the spirits of just men made per- fect, it was no sinall part of your joy, to find there a goodly number of those who hail been your com- panions in tribulation and in the kingdom and pa- patience of Jesus Christ on earth. Fellow mortals, and fellow sinners-this is un- doubtedly the Last warning of the kind which shall be addressed to some, perhaps to many of Lou. The next funeral service pronounced in this house, or in some one of the adjoining churches, may not be pronounced for your benefit, but over your dust. Be this ag it inay, it is certain-that we will never all again meet in any one place on earth till with these very eyes wve shall see the dead small and great stand before God. Till with these very ears we shall hear the sentence which shall fix our eternal destiny, Oh that we were wvise, that we understood this, that we would consider our latter L 26 ] end! Oh that we would upon the spot, individualily and unitedly, take hold of the living Head, and thus, as one unbroken assembly of friends, march enaward to eternal and eternally increasing glory! Amen. NOTES.--Page 13. Our departed friend, had his first religious impressions at a school at a great distanee from hojme, and had these early religious impressions defaced, and his eternal salvation put in jeopardy, by being removed from that school, and placed in another of a different character. And finally he was re- covered from the influence of speculative infidelity bybeing put under a course of sound religious instruction. These facts he repeatedly stated himself to some of his intimate friends. They are facts which speak loudly-and we would be un- faithful to our God and to the souls of men, did we not mark them. The religious principles of the instructors of youth, and still more, the practice of the instructors of youth, as to religion, are by no means inatters of indifference. The eter- nal destiny of the rising generation is in a great measure de- pending on these two points. Father and mothers, who love your children, and who know the value of the glorious hope of the gospel, can you calmly and deliberately give up your children in the most important period of their lives to the breath of the destroy- er Can you calmly and deliberately place them, were every thing they see and every thing they hear, is designed to make them cold and indifferent, if not hostile to the religion of our Lord Jesus- The friends of the Redeemerare encouraged also by these facts, to be faithful and diligent in placing the great truths of the gospel fully before their children, and the children of their frier.ds, as they may have an opportunity. though they may not at the time know that they are the means of do- ing any good. In the morning let us sow our seed, and in the evening let us not withhold our hand. 4'Though seed lie buried long in dust, "It shan't deceive our hope: [ 27 j "The precious. gain can ne'er be lost, "'Forgrace insures the crop." Alexander, and Smith, and M'Chord, at very distant pla. ces, and at very distant intervals of time, were the instruments used in beginning ard in perfecting the good stork in our de- parted friend. Aud they had no intercourse or connection with one another in the matter. Their common Lord and Master directed the whole. it was his habit to atterd as frequently as possible on the ecclesiastical courts of the church to which 1be 'as attached. It is related that on ore of these eccasions, while atterding a meeting of the West Lexington Presbytery, application was made by a pious and promising youv g man, of the samne town originally with himself, for liccuse b) the Presb3tery. There were some difficulties in the case, and the youth was in dan- ger of being crushed by an effort from a sister court, and of being denied the privilege of preaching the gospel of Christ. Mr. Breckinridge was imrrediately roused to a con- cern and an) effort for the sufferer, and made a powerful ap- peal to the court then in session, which had a great share of influence in bringing the candidate triumphantly forward in- to the ministry of the Lord Jesus Christ. Shortly afterwards a warm-liearted member of the Pres- bytery, who had withdrawn after Mr. B's speech, was met out of doors :by another member, weeping very profusely, and on being asked the reason, said, "Brother, I have just been praying to God to convert more lawyers." As a writer, he was almost unrivalled in the western coun- try. His professional employments of course prevented him from presenting to the public eye any production more exten- sive than an oration or short essay. But from his corres- pondence with his friends, from his style of pleading, and es- pecially from the pager of those anniversary orations which were from time to time given to the community, it is believed that we have never boasted a more refined, bold, and clas- sical writer. And we have all felt what power was thrown into his Thoughts by his commanding, and chaste, but ardent elocution. The circumstances of his death were interesting. The in- creasing sickness of Frankfort and its vincinity, during the autumn of 18c23, induced bim to romove his little flock of [ 28 ] children to Cabell's Dale, the family residence of his mother. Mrs. Breckinridge remained behind on account of the iindispo- sition of some members of the family, and of a sick relative from a distance, whom the providence of God had thrown upon their care. "They were not forgetful to entertain strangers," and "use hospitality," especially "to the sick." As soon as his children were conveyed to a place of safety, he returned without delay to aid in administering to the necessities of his afflicted household. It was in sustaining the sinking stranger far from home-it was in nursing what he feared was 'he last remains of parting life, that he met the disease which terminated his earthly existence. On the '24th of Augtist, 1823, he was severely attacked by the prevalent fever of the season and place. It seemed in the course of the week ensuing to yield to the application of medicine, and at the close of the week very sanguine hopes were cherished of a rapid recovery. On Sabbath, the 31st, his disease seemed to undergo a sudden and most unlooked for change, and brought him rapidly to the -rave. Septem. ber Ist, at a very early hour in the morning while his at- tendants thought him resting, he lay upon his side, and soft- ly fell "asleep in Jesus," without a groan. "How many fall as sudden, not as safe!" During his last illness he was usually silent and contempla- tive. He expressed a calm sulbmnission to the will of his heav- enly Father, and a confidingb christian trust in his divine Re- deemer. He repeatedly had difforent passages of the sacred volume read to him.-Christ's sermo. on the mount, and espe- cially Matthew's 1ith chapter, ending, "Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest," c. kc. were favourite passages with him. We close these notes, and the whole subject, with one get- eral inference. It is- The Religion of our Lord Jesus, in its purity and simplicity, does not unfit men for the business of this world. Our de- parted friend was not a less agreeable companion,-was not A less successful lawyer-was not in the least disqualified as a statesman-by his living in the fear of God, and by his at- tendinu to devotional exercises in his closet, and family, and in the public assemblies of the saints. May the God of Israel, with whom is the residue of the Spirit, raise up many such companions, and lawyers, and states- men,in Kentucky.