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Memorial of the legislature of Kentucky, praying compensation for horses lost and destroyed, when in the service of the United States / January 9, 1816 ; read and referred to the Committee on Military affairs.
Memorial of the legislature of Kentucky, praying compensation for horses lost and destroyed, when in the service of the United States / January 9, 1816 ; read and referred to the Committee on Military affairs. Kentucky. General Assembly. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2002 b92-155-29772503 Electronic reproduction. 2002. (Beyond the shelf, serving historic Kentuckiana through virtual access (IMLS LG-03-02-0012-02) ; These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Memorial of the legislature of Kentucky, praying compensation for horses lost and destroyed, when in the service of the United States / January 9, 1816 ; read and referred to the Committee on Military affairs. Kentucky. General Assembly. Printed by William A. Davis, Washington : 1816. 8 p. ; 21 cm. Coleman Cover title. Shaw & Shoemaker 39545. At head of title: 14, i.e. United States. Senate doc. 14. Microfilm. Atlanta, Ga. : SOLINET, 1994. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. (SOLINET/ASERL Cooperative Microfilming Project (NEH PS-20317) ; SOL MN03988.17 KUK) Printing Master B92-155. IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Kentucky Claims vs. United States. [ 17] MEMORIAL OF THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STAPE OF KENTUCKr RELATIVL TO CcAMPENSATION TO BE MADE, FOR HORSES LOST IN TME SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATIS. JANUARY 9, 1810. Ordered to lie on the table. WASHINGTON: PRINTED BY WILLIAM A. DAVIS. ............. isle. This page in the original text is blank. 17] A MEMORIAL TO CONGRESS, Relative to Compensation for Horses lost by the Citizens of this State, during the late War, while in the Service of the United States. To the honourable the Senate and House of Representa- tives of the United States of America, in Congress assem- bled. THE memorial of the legislature of the State of Kentucky, would respectfully call the attention of congress to a subject of considerable impor- tance to many of their citizens, who unfortunately lost their horses during the various campaigns car- ried on from this State, in the late war with the British and their savage allies; particularly on the north-western frontier, where the losses slus- tained were peculiarly severe, owing to many cir- cumstances which we will detail, and which at the time, demanded every sacrifice. The extensive wilderness, bordering upon our north-western frontiers, every part of which was infested by a cruel and savage enemy, made it ne- cessary that large bodies of mounted riflemen should be employed, in order to meet the various attack of an insidious foe, and to comply with which, the people of the western country never hesitated, or inquired what compensation Was to be made them. They relied upon the Justice of their country; which, they believed, wouldnever be withheld from the soldier who had risked his life in defence of his country's right, 4: ( 17 ] The legislature are aware of the provision made by act of congress for the use and risk of horses lost by mounted men, previous to the declaration of war; and they have no doubt there are some cases which have not as great claims upon the government as others. Yet, when the situation of the State of Kentucky is taken into consideration, it will be found that the claims of her citizens to compensation for horses lost during the war, will be found not inferior to any other section of the Union. Placed at a considerable distance from the scene of military operations, the calls for men by the government, were generally made at a time when the greatest despatch and energy were re- quired. In the summer of 1812, the surrender of gene- ral Hull, the fall of Detroit, Mackinaw and Chica- go, and the consequent siege of forts Wayne and Harrison, called aloud for all the patriotism of the State of Kentucky. The emergency could only be met by mounted men, who, in a few days, were found filling up the ranks of generals Harrison and Hopkins: the re- maining forts were saved, the frontiers protected, a savage enemy checked in his bloody career, and destruction and retribution carried back into his own country; and the various tribes of hostile Indians, flushed with their recent success, were driven to seek refuge under the cannon of their British friends. In aid of which important services, the regiment Of drmgoons iunder the command of colonel Sim- rall, the volunteer company of captain Smith, and the twelve months volunteers- with captain Gar- rard, contributed their full portion of zeal and pat- riotisin at the battle of Mississiniwa in the midst of winter, besides niany other important services [17 5 which lost to them many horses, besides those killed in battle; these are cases which richly de- serve the notice of a grateful country. Early in the year 1813, a regiment of mounted riflemen, under the command of colonel Richard M. Johnson, were hurried into service to relieve fort Meigs and protect the frontiers of the State of Ohio. This regiment was usefully employed, and it is believed fully answered the expectation of their country. Previous to the second investiture of fort Meigs, they penetrated far into the enel- my's country, and by forced marches reached that important post at a critical period, and were em- ployed by the commanding general to procure in- telligence of the enemy's movements near Malden, by which means general Harrison was enabled to carry on his operations in security. These and subsequent marches of unusual celerity, had a ten- dency to break down and destroy many of the best horses belonging to that corps. Again, when it was found, late in the month of July 1813, that the conteriplated force of regular troops could not be collected, and the conmmanding general of the north-western army was compelled to call upon the governor of Kentucky for an ad- ditional militia force. The lateness of the season, the necessity of the times, the importance of the service required, as well as the critical period which had arrived, in which the hopes of a desponding country were to be realized or again blasted, all combined to point out to the executive of this State, that mounted men could alone meet the approachingo crisis, and render that service so loudly called for by every friend to his country. With these views it is well known that between three and four thousand mounted men, rallied round the standard of their country, which had been erected by the venerable Shelby, many of whom had to travel between two and three hundred miles before they reached the oint of rendezvous. With these troops, without delavinr a single day unnecessarily the governor of iKentucky moved on to the head-quarters of the north-western army, where his arrival was as cri- tical as it was important, and absolutely necessary to meet the views of general Harrison. Forced marches were required and performed: our citi- zens did not linger on the road, or suffer their spi- rits to be depressed; for many, after losing their horses hy. fatigue, would keep up with the army on foot, to the astonishment as well as pride of their country and fellow-soldiers. We cannot avoid further stating to your honourable body, that in order to take advantage of commo- dore Perry's success upon Lake Erie and carry the war into the enemy's country, it was necessary to leave the horses of the troops enclosed in the pe- ninsula formed by the Sandusky bay and Portage River. where thev subsisted in the forest upwards of one mouth, which much reduced them, and con- sequently produced many serious and unavoid- able losses on the homeward march, as a sufficiencY of forage could not be procured at that place.- An imjportant victory was gained, and the most san- guine anticipations of the government realized.- And will the nation now, on the return of peace, re- fuse to remunerate our citizens, manv of whom are poor, and some of whom have lost their only horse we trust not :-and therefore earnestly solicit the attention of congoess to this subject, which though of small moment to the nation at large, yet is im- portant to individuals. 6 E 17 ] We would also include the cases of horses lost during the fall of 1814, under major P. Dudley, who served with general M'Arthur, in Upper Can- ada, who we. believe rendered important services to our country in cutting off the supplies of the en- emy, and which would have been most severely felt by them in case another campaign had opened in that quarter. Nor can her citizens have less claim on the jus- tice of their country to remunerate them for lost property; who, during an inclement season, and through a country peopled by savage enemies only, encountered every danger and difficulty, in the wagon department, transporting provisions, for- age, and camp equipage, for the army and garri- sons of the north-west; many of whom were in- duced to embark in that dangerous employ, more from a desire to serve their country than from the prospect of gain. Nor was the services rendered their country by the detachment of Kentucky troops under the command of colonel Wm. Russell, on the Wabash River, less meritorioys, nor the losses sustained by them less just to remunerate. We therefore most seriously request, that the cases of lost horses alluded to in this memorial, be attended to, and that our citizens be fully compen- sated, as far as the justice of their several cases may require: and for the purpose of bringing this subject before congress, be it Pesolved, By the general assembly of the Com- monwealth of Kentucky, that the governor of this State be requested to transmit a copy of the fore- going memorial, to each of our senators and repre- sentatives in congress, with a request that they im- mediately lay the same before that body, and that [ 17 ] 7 8 [ 17 3 they use their best influence to have the same com- plied with, as soon as the nature of the case will ad- mit JOHN J. CRITTENDEN, Speaker of the House of Representatives. R. HICKMAN, Speaker of the Senate. APPROVED-December 21st, 1815. ISAAC SHELBY. Secretary's Office, Frankfort, December 25th, 1815. I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true copy of the enrolled memorial and resolution filed in this office. M. D. HARDIN, Sec'ry.