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Outline of American state literature / by Elsie Dershem. Dershem, Elsie. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2002 b92-41-26783006 Electronic reproduction. 2002. (Beyond the shelf, serving historic Kentuckiana through virtual access (IMLS LG-03-02-0012-02) ; These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Outline of American state literature / by Elsie Dershem. Dershem, Elsie. World Company, Lawrence, Kan. : 1921. 187 p. : port. ; 20 cm. Coleman Microfilm. Atlanta, Ga. : SOLINET, 1992. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. (SOLINET/ASERL Cooperative Microfilming Project (NEH PS-20317) ; SOL MN02103.07 KUK) Printing Master B92-41. IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. American literature Bibliography. AN OUTLINE OF AMERICAN STATE LITERATURE BY ELSIE DERSHEM A. B., A. M. Lawrence, Kansas WORLD COMPANY, PUBLISHERS 1921 All ngbts reserved all 7 5' This page in the original text is blank. CONTENTS ALABAMA . . ............ .t I( ARIZONA . . ............ . 14 ARKANSAS. . . ........... . 17 CALIFORNIA . . .... .... . . . 19 COLORADO . ...2.5..... . 2v CONNECTICUT . . . 27 DELAWARE . ...... . .... 32 FLORIDA . .. . . 33 GEORGIA. .. . . .. 35 IDAHO . . .............. 38. ILLINOIS. . .39 INDIANA . . .43 IOWA . . .............. 46 KANSAS . . ............. 50 KENTUCKY . . .55 LOUISIANA . . .59 MAINE . 63 MARYLAND . . ........... 67 MICHIGAN . . ............ 76 MINNESOTA . . ........... 78 MISSISSIPPI. . ........... 81 MISSOURI . . ............ 83 CONTENTS MONTANA NEBRASKA NEVADA NEW HAMPSHIRE NEW JERSEY NEW MEXICO NEW YORK NORTH CAROLINA NORTH DAKOTA OHIO OKLAHOMA OREGON . PENNSYLVANIA RHODE ISLAND SOUTH CAROLINA SOUTH DAKOTA TENNESSEE TEXAS UTAH VERMONT WASHINGTON WEST VIRGINIA WISCONSIN WYOMING ..... . . . .. . . 87 ...... . . . . .. . 90 ..... . . . .. . . 94 .... v .... 95 .. ......... . 98 .. ......... . 104 .... . . . .. . . .106 . . .. . ....... ..123 ..... . . . . ..126 .......... . . .... ...... 127 .. . . . . .. . . . . 133 .... . . . .. . . .136 ..... . . . . ..140 ..... . . . . ..145 ........ . . . 146 ..... . . . . ..155. ..... . . .. . . .1 5 9 .... . . . .. . . .161 .166.... . . . .. . . .16 .... . . .. . . . .167 ..... . .. . . . .1 7 7 ..... . . . .. .179 .... . . .. . . . .183 .... . . .. . . . .186 PREFACE For months past I have been working on the "State Literature of the United States." I have written hun- dreds of letters to Librarians, to University Professors, to State Historical Societies, and to State Superintendents of Public Instruction. I have met with some difficulties in the obtaining of material, for even where bibliographies and histories of literature exist, it is not always possible to learn of them. I have been much surprised and am very grateful for the interest manifested in the work and for the readiness with which replies have been given to letters and questionnaires. As far as I have been able to learn, there is no book that treats of the literature of the different states. It is seldom even that the state as a unit is mentioned in a text book on American literature. However, nearly all of the states have authors who have written books about their state literature and as the wealth of the material and the number of authors in the state increase, so will the in- terest in local and state literature tend to increase. I have found my subject a very interesting one and hope that this little outline may serve to direct attention toward Ameri- can state literature. I have been very successful in obtaining material, es- pecially so in regard to a list of authors, so that it has been a difficult question to know what authors to name in so short a list as I have been able to present. The over- lappage of states also is a difficult question. I have given no author a residence in a state unless he has been placed there by some state authority. I have named, insofar as I PREFACE have been able, a representative work of each author named. It will be impossible for me to make an acknow- ledgement of all the bibliographies and histories of liter- ature used, as they include those in the Lawrence and Topeka Libraries, besides many loans from libraries all over the United States. "Who's Who in America" gives a bibliography of the living representative authors in the United States. "The Library of Southern Litera- ture," published by the Martin and Hoyt Company, At- lanta, Georgia, in I913 and "Southern Literature," by Louise Manly, published in 1895, give a bibliography for the following Southern states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mis- sissippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Calolina, Ten- nessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. It will also be impossible for me to make an ac- knowledgement of personal help received. I am grate- ful for the courtesies shown me by the Librarians of the Lawrence and the Topeka Libraries. I am indebted to Professor E. M. Hopkins, and to Professor C. G. Dun- lap, of the University of Kansas, for helpful ideas. I wish especially to acknowledge my indebtedness to Pro- fessor Selden L. Whitcomb, of the University of Kan- sas, for helping in the work throughout the year. Corrections and suggestions are earnestly invited and will be thankfully received. ELSIE DERSHEM, Baldwin, Kansas. 4 Elsie Dershem This page in the original text is blank. INTRODUCTION The State Unit in Literature and the Authors Who Have Been and Are Acknowledged Leaders in American Literature. The state as a unit in the literature of the United States has not been given much prominence in the past because nearly all of the principal authors have lived in a few states in the East. Now all of the states have been populated and have organized governments and are forming a literature of their own. Each state has civil, historical and physical conditions which affect its literature. The character of the inhabit- ants of the state has an influence upon state literature. Then, too, there are the writers themselves, especially the principal ones who influence the total state literature more or less. The state as a unit in literature is being emphasized by the State Historical Societies that now collect a copy of every book that is written by its state authors. LIST OF LEADING AUTHORS IN AMERICAN LITERATURE Alcott, Louisa May, 1832-i888 Germantown, Pa. "Little Women" Austin, Jane G., 183i-1894 Worcester, Mass. "Betty Alden" Bacheller, Irving, I859- Pierrepoint, N. Y. "Eben Holden" Brown, Charles Brockden, 177i-i810 Philadelphia, Pa. "Wieland" Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-i878 Cummington, Mlass. "Thanatopsis" INTRODUCTION Burroughs, John, i837- Roxbury, N. Y. "Locusts and Wild Honey" Cable, George W. 1844- New Orleans, La., later Va. "Grandissimes" Cary, Alice, I820-1871 Miami Valley, Ohio, later N. Y. "Pictures of Memory" Cary, Phoebe, 1824-I871 Miami Valley, Ohio, later N. Y. "Nearer Home" Churchill, Winston, I87I- St. Louis, Mo. "The Crisis" Clemens, Samuel L. 1835-1910 Florida, Mo. "Tom Sawyer" Cooper, James Fenimore, 1789-i85i Burlington, N. J. "The Leather Stocking Tales" Dana, Richard Henry, Jr., i8I5-I882 Cambridge, Mass. "Twaso Years Before the Mast" Dixon, Thomas, i864- Shelby, N. C. "The Leopard's Spots" Eggleston, Edward, i837-1902 Vevay, Ind. "The Hoosier Schoolmaster" Emerson, Ralph Waldo, I803-i882 Boston, Mass. "Concord Hymn" Evans, Augusta, 1835-1909 Columbus, Ga. Saint E lmo" Field, Eugene, 1850-i895 St. Louis, Mo. "Little Boy Blue" Foster, Stephen Collins, 1826-i864 Pittsburgh, Pa. "Old Kentucky Home" Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-17S0 Boston, Mass., later Pa. "Autobiography" Freneau, Philip, 1752-i832 New York City, N. Y., later New Jersey Foote, Mary Halleck, i847- Milton "Coeur d' Alene" Fox, John, Jr., i863-1919 Kentucky "Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come" INTRODUCTION Hale, Edward Everett, i822-i909 Boston, Mass. "The Man Without a Country" Harris, Joel Chandler, i848-i908 Eatonton, Ga. "Uncle Remus" Harte, Bret, i839-I902 Albany, N. Y., later California "The Luck of Roaring Camp" Hawthorne, Nathaniel, I804-I864 Salem, Mass. "The Scarlet Letter" Holland, J. G., 18i9-i88i Belchertown, Mass. "Bitter-Sweet" Holmes, Oliver Wendell, i809-i884 Cambridge, Mass. "The Chambered Nautilus" Howe, Julia Whard, i8i9-i910 New York City "Battle Hymn of the Republic" Howells, William Dean, I837- Martin's Ferry, Ohio "The Rise of Silas Lapham" Irving, Washington, 1783-1859 New York City "The Sketch Book" Jackson, Helen Hunt, i83i-i885 Amherst, Mass. later California "Ramona" Jewett, Sarah Orne, I849-I909 South Berwick, Me. "Deep Haven" Johnston, Mary, I870- Buchanan, Va. "To Have and to Hold" Key, Francis Scott, 1780-1843 BRalimore. Md. "Star Spangled Banner" Lanier, Sidney, i842-i88i Macon, Ga. "The Marshes of Glynn" Larcom, Lucy, i826-i893 Beverly Foms, Mas,. "Outlined from Memory" London, Jack, i876- San Francisco, Calif. "The Call of the Wild" Longfellow,Henrv WVadsworth, I807-1882 Portla nd,AI e. "The Song of Hiawatha" Lowell, James Russell, i8i9-i89i Cambridge, Mass. "The Vision of Sir Launfal" 7 INTRODUCTION Markham, Edwin, i852 Oregon City, later New York "The Man with the Hoe" McCutcheon, Geo. Barr, Indiana "Beverly of Graustark" Miller, H. C.,('Joaquin") i841- Indiana later California "Songs of the Desert" O'Hara, Theodore, i820-i867 Danzville, Ky. "The Bivouac of the Dead" Payne, John Howard, 1792-i852 New York City "Home Sweet Home" Poe, Edgar Allan, i809-i849 Boston, Mass., later "V'irg inia" "The Raven" Porter, Sydney, ("O. Henry") i867-i9i0 Greensboro, N. C., later Texas "The Four Million" Rice, Alice Hegan, i870- Shelbyville, Ky. "MIrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch" Riley, James Whitcomb, 1853-i9i6 Greenfield, Ind. "Little Orphant Annie" Roe, Edward Payson,i838-1888 New Windsor, N. Y. "Barriers Burned Awvay" Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-i919 New York City "The Rough Riders" Sangster, Mlargaret, 1838-1917 Neu Rochelle, N. Y. "Poems of the Household" Smith, Samuel F., i808-i895 Boston, Mass. "America" Stowe, Hariiet Beecher, i 8i I-I 896 Litchfield later Ohio "Uncle Tom's Cabin" Tarkington, Newton Booth, i869- Indianapolis, Ind. "The Gentleman from Indiana" Taylor, Bayard, i825-i878 Kenneth Square, Pa. "The Bedouin Song" Thompson, Maurice, i844-I901 Fairfield, Ind. "Alice of Old Vincennes" 8 INTRODUCTION Thoreau, Henry David, 1817-i862 Concord, Mass. "Walden" Van Dyke, Henry, i852- Germantown, Pa. "The Builders" Wallace, Lew, i827-1905 Brookville, Ind. "Ben Hur" Wescott, Edward Noyes, i847-I898 Syracuse, N. Y. "David Harum" Wiggin, Kate Douglas, i857- Philadelphia, Pa. "Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm" Wilcox, Ella VWheeler, i855- Johnstown Center, Wis. "Poems of Passion" Wharton, Edith, 1862- New York City "The House of Mirth" White, Stewart Edward, i873- Grand Rapids, Mich. "The Blazed Trail" Whitman, Walt, I8i9-I892 Long Island, N. Y. "Leaves of Grass" Whittier, John Greenleaf, i807-i892 East Haverhill Mass. "Snow-Bound." -Selected from Histories of American Literature. 9 An Outline of American State Literature ALABAMA I. Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Alabama Women in Literature." Mary Lafayette Robbins, 1895. "Annals of Alabama." Report of American His- torical Association, x897. "Library of Southern Literature." "Literary History of Alabama." Owen's edition of Pickett's edition of "The History of Alabama." II LIST OF AUTHORS. Baldwin, Joseph G., Humorist. "The Flush Times of Alabama and Mississippi, 1853." Bellamy, MIrs. Elizabeth W., Novelist "Kamba Thorpe" Bradley, Thomas Bibb, Poet "Poems" Brewer, Willis, Novelist "Children of Issachar, 1848." Caller, Miss Mary Alice, Critic Writer "Literary Guide for Home and School" Chandron, Lewis De V., Poet "Madam Le Marquis, I892" Chandron, Mrs. Adelaide De Vendel, "Translation of Muhlbach's Joseph II and His Court." Chilton, W P. Jr, Poet "Mansion of the Skies, i875" Clayton, Mrs. Vir. V., Critic Writer "White and Black Under the Old Regime" STATE LITERATURE Clemens, Jeremiah, Novelist "Bernard Lile, 1856" Cole, Mrs. Alice Brownlee, Novelist "Affinities, I 89o" Creswell, Mrs. Julia Pleasant, Novelist "Aphelia, I854" Creuse, Mrs. Mary Ann, Novelist "Cameron Hall, 1867" Cummings, Miss Kate, Critic Writer "Journal of Hospital Life in the Confed- erate Army of Tennessee." Davis, Margaret O'Brien, Novelist "Judith the Daughter of Judas." De Leon, T. C., "Crag-Nest, 1897." Dozier, Dr. Orion T., Poet "Foibles of Fancy and Rhymes of the "Times, 1894." Flash, H. L., Poet "Poems, i86o" Hamilton, Peter J., "Rambles in Historic Lands, i893" Harrison, Mrs. Belle Richardson, "Poems" Hentz, Mrs. Caroline Lee, "De Lara, i843" Herbert, Miss Leila, Critic Writer "Homes of the First Americans" Hilliard, Henry W., Novelist "De Vane, i884" Hooper, Johnson James, "Simon Suggs' Adventures" Johnson, Miss Mary, Novelist "To Have and to Hold" Kyle, Miss Ruby Beryl "Paul St. Paul" I I 12 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Lentz, Mrs. Caroline. "The Planter's Northern Bride, 1883" Le Vert, Octavia Walton, Writer of Travel "Souvenirs of Travel" Lloyd, Francis B., Humorist "Rufus Saunders" Loveman, Robert, Poet "Poems, 1897." Lyon, Miss Anna Bogeman, Poet "No Saint, x8go" Magness, Edgar, Writer of Iravel "Tramp Tales of Europe, 1895" Manly, Miss Louise, Biographer "Southern Literature" Maxwell, Thomas, Poet "King Bee's Dream, 1875" McConnell, Andrew M., "Echoes from the Heart" Meek, Alexander B., "Songs and Poems of the South" Oliver, Dr. S. C., Novelist "Onslow" Oliver, J. M., Poet "Battle of Franklin, 1870" Peck, Samuel Minturn, Poet "Cap and Bells, i886." Requier, A. J., Poet "Poems, X86o." Robertson, Samuel L., Poet "Dora, 1894." Richardson, W. C., Poet "Gasper a Romaunt, 1873." Robbins, Mary Lafayette, Biographer "Alabama Women in Literature" Swain, Miss M. P., Novelist "A Romance of the War" STATE LITERATURE Weedon, Miss Howard, Poet "Shadows on the Wall, i899." Whittle, Rev. W. A., "Baptist Abroad, 1890" Wilson, Mrs. Augusta (Evans) "St. Elmo" -Selected from "Literary History of Alabama." III. Treatment of the State in American Literature. "The history of Alabama embraces a large number of writers and authors. Many of these have possessed marked individuality and their lives and labors have re- flected honor upon the state. Their work has been of a high class and includes every department of literature,- poetry, fiction, history, law, and science."-Owen's edi- tion of Pickett's "History of Alabama." IV. Notes on State Literature. Alabama became a state during the period of the great western expansion of the United States. With prosperity came an increased activity in literature, especially through the agency of the press. Probably the first literary pro- duction of the state was a little book of poems by Wil- liam R. Smith. Mirs. Caroline Lee Hentz was the first writer of fiction. M\Irs. Augusta Evans and Miss MIary Johnston are probably the two best known authors of Alabama. Mrs. Evans' works have been translated into French and German and an Alabama writer says of Miss Johnston, "As a writer of fiction, she has achieved the most remarkable literary success yet known to Southern women." -Notes from Literary History of Alabama." V. Authorities. Thomas NV. Owen, Carrolton. 13 OUTLINES OF AMNIERICAN VI. Use in State Schools. "No text book containing exclusively the work of Alabamrna authors is studied in the schools of Alabama. Some local authors and their -,works are presented to the children through the initiative of wide-awake teachers."- Willi am F. Fearin, State Superintendent of Education. ARIZONA I. Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Arizona Historia," i909-i9iJ, has a bibliography of -ll manuscripts and books in the Historical Collection. The Southwest Museum in Los Angeles, Calif., publishes a "Bibliography of Arizona." Price 3.50. II. LIST OF AUTHORS. Adams, Emma Hildreth. "Digging the Top Off"-Snort Stories. Boudelier, A. T., "The Delight Maklers,"-Story of Cliff Dwellers. Bell, WV. A., "Brigham's Destroying Angels." Burdick, Arthur C., "The Mystic Mid-Region." Brown, James Cabell, "Calabazas" Boss, William, "Rhymes and Jingles of the Grand Canon." Chandler. Katherine, "In the Reign cof the Coyote,"-Juvenile. Conchling, Edward, "Picturesque Arizona" Curtis, William E., "Children of the Sun,"-Zuni Indian Notes. 14 STATE LITERATURE Clifford, Josephine, "Overland Tales,"-Stories of Early Arizona. Cones, Elliott, "Birds of the Colorado River Valley." Fitch, Thomas and Anna. "Better Davs,"-A Novel. Gray, Zane, "Heritage of the Desert,"-A Novel. Gilman, Benjamin I., "Hopi Songs" Hall, Sharlot M., "Cactus and Pine,"-A Poem. Henty, G. W., "In the Hands of the Cave Dwellers,"-Juvenile fiction. Houghton, Emerson, "The Story of the Outlaw." Hopkins, Jeune, "The Mysterious Hunter,"-A Story. Jayne, Lieut. J. H., "Through Apache Land,"-Juvenile. James, George Wharton. "The Grand Canon of Arizona." Jackson, Helen Hunt, "A Century of Dishonci." Lomax, Prof. John, "Cowboy Songs"-(Collected and Compiled). Ladd, Horatio O., "Clumda,"-A Story of the Navajo. Lummis, Charles F., "The Gold Fish of Gran Chimu." Mathews, WVashington, "Navajo Legends." McGeeney, P., "Down at Steen's Pass,"-Juvenile Fiction. Poston, Charles D., "Apache Land,"-A Poem. I 5 i6 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Pierce, Lucie F., "The White Devil of the Verde,"-Fiction. Ryan, Marah Ellis, "Indian Love Letters,"-Fiction. Reed, Verner, Z. "Lo-To-Ka,"-Fiction. Robinson, W. H., "The Man From Yesterdav." -Selected From "The Arizona Historia' III. Treatment of the State in American Literature. James H. Mc Clintock, of Phoenix, says: "Arizona is a new land in the breeding of authors, though much has been written of her by outsiders, who should be credited to their homes, in every land under the sun. Arizona has many features peculiar to herself and of them tons of manuscripts have been written. But in all this she has developed no really distinctive literature within her- self." IV. Notes on State Literature. The best literary work in Arizona is being done in the women's clubs which are found in every settlement, however small. Some of her best known poets are: Sharlot Hall, Harrison Conrad, and Andrew Dowing. Some of her other best native authors are: De Long and Bourke, historians; Robinson, fiction writer; Poston, the poet; and Kunze author of "Cactus and Flora"-Notes from "Arizonia Historia." V. Authorities. Merrill Freeman, Tucson. Sharlot M. Hall, Dewey. Col. J. H. McClintock, Phoenix. Dr. J. A. 'Munk, Los Angeles, Calif. STATE LITERATURE VI. Use in State Schools. "Arizona uses her literature in her schools for special Day Programs."-C. 0. Case, State Superintendent. ARKANSAS I. Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Some Living Arkansas Writers." Report of Ar- kansas Historical Society, Volume I. II. LIST OF AUTHORS. Allen, Mrs. Richard, Helena "Methodist Publications" Alexander, Rev. Samuel Caldwell, Pine Bluff "The Gospel in Genesis" Babcock, Mrs. Bernice, Ohio, later Little Rock "The Daughter of a Republican" Baxter, Wmi., English, Jrk. "War Lyrics" Butler, Laura Winfield S., Antoine "My Black Mammy" Cappleman, Mrs. Josie F., Kentucky, later Lftte Rock French, Alice (Octave Thanet) Clover Bend "Expiation" Godby, Rev. J. E. Kentucky, later Arkansas "Light in Darkness, or Missions and Mis- sionary Heroes" Harrell, J. M., North Carolina, later Hot Springs, Ark. "Confederate Military History" Harvey, William Hope, Virginia "Character Building" Hempstead, Fay, Little Rock "Random Arrows" 17 i8 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN James, Mrs. Sue L., Calvert Place (Poet of the Arkansas Press Association) "The Old Plantation in Arkansas" Loughborough, Mrs. Mary W. "My Cave Life in Vicksburg" Alaffit, John Newland, "Poems" Messenger, Mrs. Lillian Rozelle, "Poems" Morgan, Tom. P., author Rogers Reed, "Opie," Tennessee, later Arkansas (Editor of Arkansas Traveler) "The Carpet-Bagger" Scott, Jeanne McLean, Tennessee, later Arkansas "i\Iagnolia Blossoms" Stuart, Mrs. Ruth McEnery, Louisiana, later Arkansas "The River's Children" Turrentine, Mrs Mary E., Jrkansas, later Texas "To a Mocking Bird" Weimar, Mrs. Alice C., . Maine, later Hot Springs, Ark. "Where are Vineland and Norumbega" -Selected from "Historical Collections" and "Librar- ies of Southern Literature." IV Notes on State Literature. Arkansan literature contains much interesting ma- terial about the Indians and the early travels of De Soto. For twenty years Colonel Noland was a contributor to every leading newspaper in Arkansas and to the greater papers of St. Louis. He wrote under the non de plume of "Pete Whetstone" for the New York "Spirit of the Times" under the caption of "Scenes and Characters in Arkansas." Alice French ("Octave Thanet,") while not a resident of Arkansas, still spends some time there each year and about a third of her literary work has been prepared in her home near Clover Bend. Her "Knitters STATE LITERATURE of the Sun" and "Expiation" are Arkansas stories-Notes from Historical Collections. V. Authorities. Mfr. Clio Harper, Little Rock. VI. Use in State Schools. "There is no compilation of Arkansan literature which is used in the public schools. The nearest approach to this is "I\Iakers of Arkansas History," by Dr. J. H. Reynolds, who is now President of Hendrix College, at Conway, Arkansas." George B. Cook, Superintendent Department of Education. CALIFORNIA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "California Authors," T. H. Walles. "California Writers and Literature," Lemoke. "Early California Literature," H. H. Bancroft. "Fiction in the State Library Having a California Coloring." A bibliography compiled by the California State Library at Sacramento. "Influence of the Climate of California upon Its Literature." Edwin Markham. "Literature and the Effect of California's Isolation Upon It." "Out West," January, 19l3. "Souvenir of California Poems." Mrs. M. J. Mee- han. "Story of the Files." George Wharton James. II LIST OF AUTHORS. "The Hate Breeders" 19 Aiken, Ednah, San Francisco 20 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Alden, Isabella M., Palo Alto "The Prince of Peace" Angellotti, Marion Polk, San Rafael "The Fire Fly of France" Baniford, Mary Ellen, East Oakland "Ti, A Story of San Francisco's China Town" Barry, Richard, Mourovia "The Bauble" Bashford, Herbert, San Francisco "The Woman He Married" Baum, Lyman Frank, Hollywood "The Daring Twins" Beach, Rex, Lake Hopatcong "The Spoilers" Bedford, James Henry, Santa Barbara "James O'Brien" Billings, Edward E., San Gabriel "At the Eleventh Hour" Brooks, Fred, Emerson, San Francisco "The Land of Arcadie" Buel, James W., San Diego "Legends of the Ozarks" Carlsen, Carl L., San Francisco "The Taming of Calinga" Carr, Sarah P., Los Angeles "Billy To-Morrow" Charles, Frances, San Francisco "Pardner of Blossom Range" Cheney, John V., San Diego "The Time of Roses" Cheney, Warren, Berkeley "The Flight of Hellen" Comfort, Will Livingston, Santa Monica "Fate Knocks at the Door" Coolbrith, Ina Donna, San Francisco "A Perfect Day" Coolidge, Dane, Berkeley "The Fighting Fool" STATE LITERATURE Cooney, Percival John, Los Angeles "Dan of the Old Pueblo" Crandall, Charles Henry, Stamford "The Chords of Life" Cuetter, Mrs. McCroe, El Modena "A Prodigal Daughter" Daggett, Mary Stewart, Pasadena "The Broad Isle" Dix, Beulah Vlarie, Hollywood "A Little Captive Lad" Dunn, Joseph Allen, San Francisco "Yosemite Legends" Eastland, Florence Martin, Long Beach "TMatt of the Water Front" Eberhart, Nelle Richmond, Hollywood "Idyls of the South Sea" Foote, Mary Hallock, Grass Valley "A Touch of Sun and Other Stories" Gilman, Dorothy F., Palo Alto "The Bloom of Youth" Gregory, Jackson, Berkeiey "The Short Cut" Grinnell, Elizabeth, Pasadena "Gold Hunting in Alaska" Hamby, William H., San Diego "Getting and Holding" Harriman, Alice, Los Angeles "Chaperoning Andrienne Through the Yellow Stone" Hart, Jerome Alfred, San Francisco "A Vigilante Girl!" Hilliard, John N. Carmel "Underneath the Bough" Hopper, James M., Carmel "What Happened in the Night" Howard, Clifford, Los Angeles "Tenatsali" 21 22 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Hunting, Gardner, Los Angeles "A Hand in the Game" Jeffers, Robinson, Carmel "Californians" Johnston, Elizabeth Winthrope, Pasadena "Two Loyal Lovers" Josaphare, Lionel, San Francisco "Turquoise and Iron" Keeler, Charles A., Berkeley "The Victory" Knibbs, Horace H., Los J fncles "Songs of the Outlaws" Knox, Jesse J., Oakland "In the House of the Tiger" Lawenberg, Bettie, San Francisco "A Nation's Crime" Lichtenstein, Joy, San Francisco "For the Blue and the Gold" Longhead, Flora Haines, Santa Barbara "The Black Curtain" Lummis, Charles F. Los Angeles "Birch Bark Poems" Mac Gowan, Alice, Carmel "The Sword in the Mountains" Mason, Alice Startwell, Carmel "Lickey and His Gang" McCracken, Josephine, Santa Cruz "Another Juanita" McGroarty, John Stephen San Gabriel "The Mission Play" Mleyer, George Homer, Alameda "Lamara" Michelson, Miriam, San Francisco "Michael Thwaite's Wife" Miller, Olive T., Los Angeles "What Happened to Barbara" Mora, Joseph, San Francisco "Andersen's Fairy Tales" STATE LITEHRATURE Older, Cora M., San Fransisco "Esther Damon" Perry, Stella G. S., San Francisco "Melindy" Pierce, Grace Adele, Santa Monica "The Silver Cord and the Golden Bowl" Porter, Verne H., Culver City "George M. Cohan's Own Story" Rideout, Henry M., San Salito "The Far Cry" Runkle, Bertha, San Francisco "The Scarlet Rider" Sabin, Eldridge Hosmer, Chula Vista "Prince Trixie" Sanuders, Charles F., Pasadena "In a Poppy Garden" Schwartz, Julia Augusta, La Jolla "When Jean and I Were Sophomores" Sinclair, Upton, Pasadena "Silvia's Marriage" Sinclair, Bertha M., Quincy "The Lonesome Trail" Spearman, Frank Hamilton, Los .4Anqcles "Nan of Music Mountain" Stafford, J. R., Covina "When Cattle Kingdom Fell" Sterling, George, San Francisco "Yosemite" Strobidge, Idah Meachem, Los Angeles "The Land of Purple Shadows" Southerland, Howard V., Alameda "The Woman Who Could" Thorpe, Rose Hartwick, San Diego "Sweet Song Stories" Van Loon, Charles Emmet, Los Angeles "Inside the Ropes" Walcott, Earle Ashley, San Francisco "The Open Door" 23 24 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Waterhouse, Alfred J., "Lays for Little Chaps" Whitaker, Herman, "The Settler" White, Stewart Edward, "The Forty Wildman, Marion Warner, "Theodore and Wilson, John Fleming, "The Land ( Wolf, Emma, "A Prodigal Niners" Stanford, Theodora' Claimers" in Love" Wood-Seys, Roland A., "Sappho in Boston" Wotherspoon, Marion F., "Indian Legends" Wright, Harold Bell, "When a Man's a Man" -Selected from "Who's Who." III Fruitvale Piedmont Burlingame Near Palo Alto San Francisco San Francisco Santa Cruz San Francisco Hollywood Treatment of the State in American Literature. A librarian in California, speaking of her literature, says: "California is rich in history and legend, but as yet has contributed very little of value to real literature." IV Notes on State Literature. The period of exploration and discovery has many accounts written by the explorers and the Mission padres. The early period of the American invasion has also inter- esting accounts as Dana's "Two Years before the Mast" and Robinson's Life in California" and others of this character, all of which, however, are more of a contribu- tion to history than to literature. The Mission Play (a pageant drama of Californian history) was written by John S. McGroarty in 191i. All Californian authors have used "local color." STATE LITERATURE Griffing Bancroft wrote "The Interlopers" in X9I7. Rose Wilder Lane is the author of a very strong novel which is entitled "Diverging Roads." Laura Warren is the author of the poem "En Repas and Elsewhere Over There." -Notes furnished by S. C. Ott, Los Angeles Public Library, and Milton J. Ferguson, Los Angeles State Li- brary. V Authorities. J. L. Gillis, Sacramento. Miss L. C. Ott, Los Angeles. VI Use in State Schools. The San Francisco public schools use "Westward Columbus," by Joaquin Miller, as a memory selection in the seventh grade. The Los Angelesintermediateschools use selections from Bret Harte in the seventh B grade. Bret Harte's "Luck of Roaring Camp" is used in the Los An- geles high and intermediate schools as a supplementary book.-Information furnished by Miss L. C. Ott of the Los Angeles Public Library. COLORADO I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "An Evening With Colorado Authors." author uw- known. "Books for Colorado Libraries." H. E. Richie. Published in "The Occasional Leaflet." Vol. IX, April, 1915. "Carolings of Colorado." S. R. Brown, 1904. "Colorado Tales and Legends." T. 0. Bigney, "Evenings with Colorado Poets." Kinder and Spen- 25 26 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN cer, 1895. "History of Colorado" Vol. X By Stone. Chapter on Colorado Literature. 'Toetic Flights and Prosy Thoughts." S. R. Brown, 1890. "WVritings and Addresses." By officers of the Uni- versity of Colorado. "University of Colorado Bulletin." Vol. XIV. No. 4. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Baggs, MacLucy, "Colorado, The Queen Jewel of the Rockies" Banfield, Edith, "Book of Poems" Bishop, Isabel Bird, "Colorado Travels" Chapman, Arthur, "Out Where the West Begins" Cuther, Willa S. "Song of the Lark" Dunbar, Susan J. "Anemones" France, L. B. "Mr. Dide. His Vacation in Colorado" Fuller, Anna, "Peak and Prairie" Garland, Hamlin, "Hesper" Gibbs, Agnes K. "Poems of Colorado" Hills, Elijah C. "Pike's Peak Region in Song and Myth" Jackson, Helen Hunt, "Ramona" Lanig, Herbert Greyson, "Bob Carlton, American" STATE LITERATURE McKesson, Charles, "Under Pike's Peak" MWorath, Lelah Palmer, "Romances of the Rockies" Peterson, E. D. "Log Cabin Yarns of the Rocky Mountains" Whitney, Ernest, "Legends of the Pike's Peak Region" This list of Authors has been furnished by the li- brarians of Denver, Boulder, and Colorado Springs.: V Authorities. Mr. H .E. Richie, Denver Mr. C. Henry Smith, Boulder CONNECTICUT I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Arts and Literature in the Eighteenth Century" in Volume II of "Connecticut as a Colony and as a State." "Literature in the Nineteenth Century" in Volume IV of "Connecticut as a Colony and as a State." "The Poets of Connecticut with Biographical Sketches." Rev. Charles WV. Everest Barnes Company, New York. "Trumbal's Bibliography of Connecticut." Acorn Club, 1904. II LIST OF' AUTHORS. Alsop, Richard, 1761-i815. "Egalite-Duc D'Orleans" Alsop, John, 1776-1841. "Aurelia" Bacon, Alice. "Jinrickisha Days" 27 28 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Bacon, Delia, "Tales of the Regicides" Bacon, William Thompson, 1814. "A Miidnight Meditation" Bacon, Richard, Jr., 1814-1838. "The Winds" Barlow, Joel, 1755-1812. "The Reign of Peace" Bishop, William Henry, "House of a Merchant Prince" Bolles, Asa Moore, 1802-1832. "Night Scene on the Bank of the Potomac" Bradley, Dr. W. H. 1802-1825. "Ginseppino" Brainard, J. G. C. "Epithalamium" Brown, Dr. Solyman, 1790 "Living Beauty" Browvnwell, Harry Howard, "Battle of Mobile Bay" Burleigh, George Shepard, 1821. "Nunketunk" Burleigh, William Henry, 1812- "Agatha" Cagswell, Frederick H. "Regicides" Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, "Innocents Abroad" Cleveland, Aaron, poet. 1744-1815. "The Philosopher and Bov," a Poem Cook, Mrs. Rose Terry, "The Two Villages" Day, Martha, i813-I833. "The Comets' Flight" De Forest, John William, "Honest John Vane," a Novel Dixon, James, 1814- "The Fountain of Youth" STATE LITERATURE Dodd, Mary Ann H., i813. "To a Mourner" Dow, Jesse Erskine, x8og. "Tadmar of the Wilderness" Dwight, Theodore, Jr., 1796-1828. "Italy" Goodrich, Samuel Griswold, 1793. "Memory of Home" Halleck, Fitz-Green, 1795. "To the Eagle" Hill, George, 1797. "The Ruins of Athens" Hillhouse, James Abraham. 1789-i841. "Hadad," a Dramatic Poem Hopkins, Lemuel, 1750-180i. "On General Ethan Allen" Humphrey, David P., "A Poem on the Happiness of America" Huntington, Rev. Daniel, 1788. "The Triumphs of Faith" Mason, Ebenezer Porter, 18I9-I840. "To a Rosebud" McLoughlin, Edward A., 1797. "The Lovers of the Deep" Mitchel, Donald G. ("Ik Marvel"). "Reveries of a Bachelor" Nicholas, Rev. Joseph Hulbert, x8o5- "A Connecticut Christmas Eve" Osborne, Selleck, 1783-I826. "The Sailor" Park, Roswell, 1807- "The Communion" Percival, James Gates, 1795- "Clio" Peters, Hugh, 1807-1831. "My Native Land" Pierpont, Rev. John, 1785- "Air of Palestine" 29 30 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Pinney, Rev. Norman, 1804- "Sabbath Morning" Prentice, George Denison, I802- "Lines on a Distant View of the Ocean" Ray, William, 1771-1827. "Tripoli" Rockwell, James Otis, I807-1831. "The Iceberg" Sigourney, Mrs. Lydia Huntley, 1791- "The Forest Girl" Smith, Dr. Elihu Hubbard, 1771-1798. "Discovery of Printing" Sparks, Jared, "American Biographies" Stedman, Edmund Clarence, "Hymn of the West" Stephens, Mrs. Ann S. i8ii- "The Old Apple Tree" Stowe, Harriet Beecher, "Uncle Tom's Cabin" Thurston, Mrs. Laura M. 1812-1842. "The Green Hills of My Fatherland" Trumbull, Henry Clay, "The Captured Scout of the Army of the James" Trumbull, John, 1750-1831. "Prophecy of Balaam" Warner, Charles Dudley, "My Summer in a Garden" Webster, Noah, "Compendious Dictionary. i 8o6" Wetmore, Prosper Montmomery, 1799- "Lexington" Willard, Mrs. Emma, 1787- "Ocean Hymn" . Winthrop, TheodoTe, "Cecil Dreeme" STATE LITERATURE Wolcott, Roger, 1679-1767. "Meditations on Man's First and Fallen Estate" -Selected from (i) "Connecticut as a Colony and State," (2) "The Poets of Connecticut with Biographic- al Sketches." IV Notes on State Literature. "T] he early colonial literature was for the most part imitative and pedantic and treated of religion and of the Indian Wars. The sermons of Rev. Thomas Hooker were the principal contribution of Connecticut to this period of American literature. The poet, Roger Wolcott, was her first writer who had sufficient merit to deserve men- tion. Jonathan Edwards was one of the greatest of all of Connecticut's children. John Trumbull was her first man of letters proper. Joel Barlow was the cosmopoli- tan poet of Connecticut. Hartford because of her aggre- gation of literary minds known as the "Hartford Wits" was a recognized literary center in that epoch. Among her ministers who did literary work, mention should be made of Abiel Holmes, Chauncey A. Goodrich, Samuel F. Jarvis, Nathaniel W. Taylor, and Lyman Beecher. James A. Hillhouse, John G. C. Brainard, James Gates Percival, and Mrs. Sigourney were early Connecticut poets of sentiment and passion and it was in Connecticut that the sentimentalists of their time flourished. Early in the nineteenth century a remarkable group of Hebrew scholars appeared, who contributed largely to the advance- ment and renown of American Biblical scholarship. Har- riet Beecher Stowe, whose works have been translated into twenty languages, is Connecticut's best known novelist." -Notes from (I) "Ounderdock's History of Amer- ican Literature," (2) Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. 3 1 32 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN VI t se in State Schools. "Connecticut uses some works of her own authors in her schools." C. D. Hine, Hartford, Connecticut. DELAWARE II LIST OF AUTHORS Bissell, Miss Emily (Priscilla Leonard), is a poet and the author of "Spectator Articles" in the "Outlook." Canby, Henry S., assistant professor of English in Yale, is a magazine writer and the author of several books. Duer, Douglas, is the author of "The Vanished World." Pyle, Howard, is not now living, but has a national reputation as an author. Pyle, Katherine, of Wilmington, is probably the best known Delawarean author. Townsend, George Alfred, author. Tybout, Miss Ella, novelist. Ward, Christopher L., is the author of the essay "New Slavery" which appeared in the Atlantic in i9i9. -List of authors furnished by A. L. Bailey of the Wilmington Library. III Treatment of the State in American Literature. A. L. Bailey, Librarian of the Wilmington Institute Free Library, says: "Delaware has not been very promi- nent in literature." IV Notes on State Literature. We find in the early history of Delaware that the Dutch and Swedes contended for supremacy until the Dutch won. All the early accounts of her history are STATE LITERATURE written in these two languages. Henry C. Conrad, Elizabeth Montgomery, Benjamin Ferris, and Francis Vincent have a local fame, owing to their historical writ- ings relating to Delaware. -Notes have been furnished by (I) A. L. Bailey and (2) Histories of American Literature. V Authorities. Arthur L. Bailey, Wilmington. FLORIDA - II LIST OF AUTHORS. Badger, Mrs. E. M. "Silent Influence," A poem Bartram, Wm. "Travels" Bernard, Frances F. Author of sociological works. Bishop, P. P. "The Psychologist,"-A novel Collins, Clarence B. "Tom and Joe" (A story of the war) Dewey, Bird S. "Romance of Old Lake North Days" Dimock, J. A. "Summer Florida Vacation" Dugmace, A. R. "Florida Camping" Footner, H. "Canoeing in Eden" Harney, William Wallace, "Bitter Sweet" Hart, Percie. Crystal Springs. "Pleasures Passed Along" 33 34 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Herron, Fanny E. "Siege of Muran" Long, Mrs. Ellen Call. "Romance of Tallahassee" McLeod, Mrs. Georgiana A. "Sunbeams and Shadows" Mitchell, A. J. "Winter Weather in Florida" Munror, Kirk, "For the Mikado,"-Juvenile Morean, Mrs. Beatrice. "Tragedies of Oakhurst" Parsons, L. C. "Everglades of Florida" Powell, E. J. "Mulberry Month in Florida" Rhodes, Harrison. "The Lady and the Ladder" Robins, Elizabeth. "The Fatal Gift of Beauty" Todd, Charles B. "Story of Washington, the National Capital" Van Buren, Alice K. "As Thought is Led" Waterman, Nixon. "Sunshine Verses" West, Mrs. Florence Duval. "The Land of the Lotus-Eaters" -Selected from "(i) History of the American Na- ture Essay." Naomi Light, Thesis University of Kan- sas Library. (2) "Southern Literature." By Louise Manley. (3) "Who's Who." STATE LITERATURE GEORGIA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "The South in History and Literature." Mildred Rutherford. "The Story of Georgia and the Georgia People." A bibliography (1732-1860). George Gillman Smith, 1900. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Barber, 2liss Catherine W. Massachusetts, later Geor-- gia. "Three Golden Links" Barnes, Annie Maria. South Carolina, later Georgia. "Found in the Sand" Bell, Orelia Key. "Jamestown Weed" Bigby, Mrs. Mary Catherine. "Death of Polk" Blount, Annie R. Poems. Bryan, Mrs. Mary E. Florida, later Georgia. "Wild Work" Caruthers, Wm. A. Virginia, later Georgia. "Cavaliers of Virginia" Charlton, Robert M. Poems. Cook, Mrs. Mary Louisa. 1891- "A Woman's Perils" Cobb, Thomas Read Roates. Poems. Donnelly, Mrs. Elizabeth. Georgia, later Texas. "Thorns and Blossoms" Du Bose, Mrs. Catherine Anne. "Wachulla" 35 36 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Edwards, Harry Stillwell. "Two Runaways" Fremont, John Charles. "Freemont's Explorations" Garrison, George P. Georgia, later Texas. "Solitude" Goulding, Francis Robert. "Marooner's Island" Grady, Henry Woodfen. "The New South" Hall, Robert Pleasants. "Poems by a South Carolinian" Harris, Joel Chandler. "Uncle Remus Stories" Harris, Mrs. Corra. "Circuit Rider's Wife" Harman, Henry E. "Bar of Song" Hayne, Paul Hamilton. Poems Hayne, William Hamilton. "Sylvian Lyrics" Hilliard, Henry Washington Georgia, later Alabama. "De Vane," A novel Hubner, Charles W. Poems, Essays. Jackson, Henry Rootes. "Tallulah" La Costa, Marie. "Somebody's Darling" Lamar, John B. "Polly Peachblossom's Wedding" Lanier, Clifford Anderson. "Thorn Fruit,"-A novel Le Conte, John Eatton. 1784-I86o. "North American Butterflies" Levy, Samuel Yates "Italian Bride," a drama STATE LITERATURE McIntosh, Marie Jane. 1803-1878. Georgia, later New Jersey. "Blind Alice" O'Hara, Theodore. x820-67. "Bivouac of the Dead" Peck, William Henry, 1830- "Maids and Matrons of Virginia" Pyrnelle, Mrs. Louise C. "Diddie" Rogers, Mrs. Loula Kendall. "Toccoa the Beautiful" Sinclair, Carrie Bell. i839- "Heart Whispers" Sparks, William Henry. I8oo-1882. "Dying Year" Stanton, Frank Lebby. "Songs of a Day" Stibbes, Mrs. Agnes Jean. "Earls of Sounderland" Sommersall, James. 1853- "Poems." -Selected from (i) "The Story of Georgia and the Georgia People." (2) "The South in History and Lit- crature." (3) "Southern Literature." IV. Notes on State Literature. Lord Byron has pronounced "The Summer Rose" by Wild the finest poem by the pen of an American au- thor. "The Young Marooners," by Goulding, was translated into several European languages. Ticknor's "Little Giffen of Tennessee" is said to deserve rank among the most famous war ballads of the English lan- guage. Some interesting facts connected with Georgian literature are some myths and legends of the Indians, among which we find: "Legend of Nacooche," "Legend 37 38 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN of Hiawasee." "Legend of Cherokee Rose," "Legend of Lovers' Leap," and "Legend of Sweetwater Branch." -Notes from (I) "The Story of Georgia and Geor- gia People," (2) "The South in History and Literature." IDAHO I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. No historv or bibliography of the literature of Idaho is found. Four histories of Idaho have been written, which give a slight treatment of Idahoean literature. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Fink, George. Germany, now of Cameron, Idaho. "Wer hat die fun," "Bucher Moses Verfast." He is the the author of a number of books and is a contributor to Evangelical Lutheran magazines. Henry, Aurelia, Colorado, now Lewiston, Idaho Has edited ;i-di notes and translations "The Mon- ar-chin" o', Dante Aliyhicr. johnson, Wallace, Ohio, now of Roseberry, Idaho "Medical Epitome Series," (with M. D'Arcy Magee). MacLean, James A. Moscow "Essays in 'Thea Financial History of Canada"' Maxey, Edward Ernest, Boise Author of several medical papers. Miller, Alfred Stanley, Moscow Is the author of several technical works, as "The Cyanide Process" -Selected from "Who's Who." III Notes on State Literature. There are few authors in Idaho besides a number of newspaper men and a few magazine writers.-Notes furnished by John Hailey, State Historical Society. STATE LITERATURE ILLINOIS I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Illinois in Modern Literature." E. K. Crewvs, in "Journal of the Illinois Historical Society." Vol. III, 1910-I I. "Lists of Illinois Authors." Compiled by the His- torical Society at Springfield. "Literature and Literary People of Early Illinois." Isabel Jamison, in No. 13, "Publications of Illinois State Historical Society," i908. "A Partial Bibliography of Illinois Authors." Thesis by Ralph C. Woodmansee, 1903. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Allen, Frank W., "The Lovers of Skye" Atkinson, Eleanor, "Mamzelle Fifine" Balmer, Edwin, "A Wild Goose Chase" Baker, Cornelia, "The Queen's Page" Bayliss, Clara K., "The Song of the Sky People" Bell, Lilian, "Love Affairs of An Old Maid" Bell, Mary A. F., "Clares' Problem" Blake, Emily C., "Marcia of the Little Home" Blanden, Charles G., "A Chorus of Leaves" Bradley, Mary H., "The Splendid Chance" Springfield Chicago Evanston Chicago Macomb Chicago Aurora Lombard Oak Park Chicago 39 40 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Brown, Katharine H., Quincy "Wages of Honor" Bryson, Charles L., Chicago "The Witches' Lane" Burnham, Clara L., Chicago "The Inner Flame" Burton, Charles P., Aurora "Bob's Cave Boys" Burroughs, Edgar R., Oak Park "The Son of Tarzan" Carus, Paul, La Salle "Truth" Chatfield-Taylor, H. C., Lake Forest "The Crimson Wing" Cole, Mabel C., Chicago "Philippine Folk Tales" Curtis, Georgina P., Chicago "Trammellings" Digby, Bassett, Chicago "Writer" Dunn, Byron A., Waukegan "The Scout of Pea Ridge" Field, Walter T., Hinsdale "The Quest of the Four-leaved Clover" Fiske, Horace S., Chicago "Camp Fire Verse" Friedman, Isaac K., Winnetka "The Lucky Number" Fuller, Henry B., Chicago "The Last Refuge" Gordon, Elizabeth, Chicago "A Sheaf of Roses" Hancock, La Touche, Chicago "Desultory Verse" Harrison, Edith O., Chicago "The Moon Princess" Hough, Emerson, Chicago "The Girl at the Half Way House" STATE LITERATURE Hyde, Henry WI., Chicago "The Buccaneers" Johnston, Julia H., Peoria "The School of the Master" Judson, Clara I., Chicago "Mary Jane Series" Kerr, Alvah M., Chicago "Trean, or the MIorman's Daughter" Kirkham, Marshall M., Evanston "The Romance of Gilbert Holmes" Knapp, George L., Oak Park "The Face of Air" Lait, Jacquin L., Chicago "Help Wanted" Lardner, Ring W., Evanston "You Know Me Al" Lee, Agnes, Chicago "The Border of the Lake" Lindsay, Nicholas V., Springfield "The Congo" Laughlin, Clara E., Chicago "The Lady in Gray" Mac Hoag, William B., Evanston "The Blind Man's Eyes" Nesbit, Wilbur D., Evanston "Your Flag and My Flag" Parrish, Randall, Kewanee "Prisoners of Chance" Patterson, J. Medill, Libertyville "A Little Brother of the Rich" Payne. Philip, Chicago "The Duchess of Few Clothes" Perkins, Lucy F., Evanston "The Irish Twins" Read, Opie, Chicago "The Star Bucks" Rice, Wallace, Chicago "Fort Wayne Centennial Hymn" 41 42 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Rickert, Edith, Chicago "The Beggar in the Heart" Rippey, Sarah C., Chicago "The Sunny-Sulky Book" Sandburg, Carl, Maywood "Chicago Poems" Scott, Anna M., Evanston "Flower Babies" Snell, Roy J., Kingston "An Eskimo Rohinson Crusoe" Sprague, William C., Chicago "Three Boys in the Mountains" Taylor, Bert L., Glencoe "The Well in the Wood" Veatch, Byron E., Chicago "The Islander" Visscher, William L., Chicago "Carlisle of Colorado" Warren, Maude L., Chicago "The Land of the Living" Webster, Henry K., Evanston "A King in Khaki" Woodruff, Anna H., Chicago "Betty and Bob" Wyatt, Edith F., Chicago "Every One His Own Way" -Selected from "Who's Who"-19i8-1919. III Treatment of the State in American Literature. "The literature of Illinois has an uniqueness and charm wholly its own. It is composed of Indian, French, Spanish, English, and border colloquialisms."-E. K. Crews, in "Illinois in Modern Literature." STATE LITERATURE IV Notes on State Literature. "Miscellaneous Poems," by William Asbury Ken- yon, 1845, was the first book of poems published in Illi- nois. Morris Birkbeck, James Hall, Robert S. Blackwell, Timothy Flint, and Dr. J. M. Peck were some of the early pioneers in literature. "Florence" and "Early En- gagements," by ivrs. Sarah Marshall Hayden, were the first books written by an Illinois woman. The Mor- mons, outside of their religious works, contributed very little to literature, "The Mormons" and "Remarkable Visions" being two of their books. "The Icarian" wai the official organ of the Icarians, who left very little lit- erature behind them. Illinois has many Indian associa- tions and legends. One may mention Black Hawk, Pon- tiac, and Kaskaskia, and the legends of "The Maid Who Married the Pine Tree" and "The Burial of Gold." --Notes from "Historical Collections." V Authorities. Margaret Hutchins, Urbana Jesse Palmer Weber, Springfield VI Use in State Schools. Illinois uses some selections from her authors in her public schools.-F. G. Blair, Superintendent of Public Instruction. INDIANA. I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Indiana Authors," M. 0. Williams. Bobbs Pub- lisher. "Indiana Poets and Poetry." Parker and Heiney. 43 44 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Silver Burdett Company. Indianapolis Public Library has "List of Books by Indiana Authors" in the Library. Pub. No. I9. By Public Library of Indianapolis, Indiana. "The Hoosiers." Meredith Nicholson. Mac-Mil- lan Company, New York. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Ade, George Brook "Doc Horne" Dunn, Jacob P., Indianapolis "Massacres of the Mountains" Erhmann, Max, Terre Haute "The Seasons" Faulke, William D., Richmond "Dorothy Day" Grosvenor, Abbie J., Richmond "Strange Stories of the Great Valley" Hack, Elizabeth J. M., Indianapolis "The City of Delight" Kramer, Harold M., Frankfort "The Castle of Dawn" Krout, Caroline V., Crawfordsville "On the We-A Trail" Krout, Mary H., Crawfordsville "Alice in the Hawaiian Islands" Porter, Gene S., Rome City "Laddie" Nicholas, Anna Indianapolis "An Idyl of the Wabash" Nicholson, Meredith, Indianapolis "The House of a Thousand Candles" Sembower, Alta B., Bloomington "Short Story Writer" Stein, Evaleen, , Lafayette "One Way to the Woods" STATE LITERATURE Strauss, Juliet V., Rockville "The Ideas of A Plain Country Woman" Stott, Roscoe G., Franklin "The Man Sings" Tarkington, Booth, Indianapolis "The Gentleman From Indiana" Williams, Irving, Indianapolis "Mistah Robinson's Remembery Book" Selected from "Who's WVho"-i918-1919 IV Notes on State Literature. There is only one author who has begun to write since the war, and that is Gertrude M. Shields, who is the author of "Caste Three." William M. Hers- chell published "The Kid Has Gone to the Colors, and Other Verse," in 1917. -Notes furnished by Esther N. McNitt of the In- diana State Library. V Authorities. Professor F. C. Senour, Indianapolis. Florence Venn, Indianapolis. VI Use in State Schools. "In the eighth grade pupils read "The Hoosiers," by Meredith Nicholson. In the public schools also they use Riley's poems as well as selections from the works of John Hay, Maurice Thompson, Lew Wallace, Gene Stratton Porter, Sarah T. Bolton, George Ade, Booth Tiarkington, and John Clark Ridpath." Charles A. Greathouse, Superintendent of Public Instruction. 45 46 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN IOWA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. Bibliography of Iowa Authors." Alice Marple, State Historical Department, Des Moines, 1914. Lists hundreds of authors with their works. "Iowa in the W\orld's Literature." Johnson Brig- ham, in "The Quarterly of the Iowa Library Commis- sion," January, 1905. "Iowa Authors and Their Works." Miss Alice kvarple, in "Annals of Iowa," 1915. Published by Iowa State Historical Society, Des Moines. "List of Books by Iowa Authors." Published bv Iowa Library Commission, Des Moines, for the Exhibit of Books by Iow-a Authors in the Iowa State Building, St. Louis, 1904. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Aylesworth, Barton Orville, Fort Collins "Thirteen and Twelve Others" Baker, Mrs. Isadore, Iowa City "Sonnets and Other Poems. 1896" Banks, Charles Eugene, Chicago, Ill. "Quiet Music. 1892" Bashford, Herbert, San Francisco "Songs from Puget Sea" Black Hawk, "Autobiography" Blanden, Charles Granger, Fort Dodge, later Chicago "Valley Muse: Poems. 1goo" Brainard, Mrs. Eleanor, Iowa City, later New York "Misdemeanors of Nancy. 1902" Broadbent, Mrs. Marie, Des Moines "Iota's Scrap Book" Brown, Leonard, Des Moines "Poems of the Prairies. I879" STATE LITERATURE Boylan, W. M. Hubbard "Life's Purest Gold, poems. 1889" Buck, Mrs. Lillian West Brown, West Burlington, now of Chicago "Plays and Players" Burdette, Robert Jones, Burlington, now of California "Chimes from a Jester's Bells" Byers, Samuel Hawkins Marshall, Des Moines "Iowa, a poem" Calkins, Franklin Welles, Wyoming, Wis. "Indian Tales. 1893" Collier, Mrs. Ada, Dubuque "Poems. I885" Drouit, Robert, "An Idyll of Virginia, a play" East, Mrs. Emma Tohnan, Denver, Colo "Rhymes of an Idle Hour" Eastman, Mrs. Charlotte W. Cedar Falls "Evolution of Dodd's Sister. I892" French, Miss Alice ("Octava Thanet"), Davenport "Expiation. i 890" Frisbie, William Albert, Minneapolis, Minn. "Pirate Frog and Other Tales. i9oi" Garland, Hamlin, Chicago, Ill. "Boy Life on the Prairie. i9oi" Gilson, Roy Rolfe, New York "When Love is Young. i901" Graham, Mrs. Margaret Collier, South Pasadena, Cal. "Stories of the Foot-hills" Griffith, Mrs. Helen, Philadelphia, Pa. "Her Wilful Way" Harbert, Mrs. Elizabeth Morrison, Evanston, Ill. "Out of Her Sphere. I87I" Harrison, Miss Elizabeth, Chicago, Ill. "Children of the Foot-hills" Hempstead, Junius L. New Orleans, La. "Musings of Morn, poems. i898" 47 48 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Hough, Emerson, Chicago, Ill. "The Girl at the Half-way House. igoo" Hughes, Rupert, New York "Gyqes' Ring. I901" Jones, Mrs. Alice Ilzenfritz, Cedar Rapids "Beatrice of Bayou Teche" Jones, Miss Margaret Peterson, "Scribblings in Verse. 1895" Kaye, John B. Calmer "Songs of Lake Geneva" Lee, Franklin Warner, "Dreamy Hours. 1890" MacLean, George Edward, Iowa City "Chart of English Literature" Marshall, Mrs. Caroline Louise, "Girl Ranchers" Metcalf, Herbert J. Lansing "Riverside Echoes. 1904" Morse, Nathan C. Eldora "Dr. Tom Gardner. i9oo" Noble, Charles Grinnell, "Studies in American Literature" Ott, Edward Amherst, Chicago, Ill. "Sour Grapes. i897" Patchin, Mrs. Colisla Halsey, Des Moines "We Two" Percival, C. S. "Poetic Paralles and Similies in Song. I892" Perkins, W. R. "Elensis and Lesser Poems. I892" ,Pinkerton, Colin M. Des Moines "Buckeye Hawkeye School Master" Putman, Frank, East Minton, Mass. "Battle Call for Cuba, verse. 1898" Reid, Harvey, , Maquoketa "In the Shadow of the Gallows. 1902" STATE LITERATURE Richman, De Witt C. A1 "Talisman and Other Poems. 1867" Salterlee, Anna E. H. "Love's Equality. 90oo" Smith, Mrs. Laura Eugenie Brown Cedn "On the Track and Off the Train. i8c Stapk, Miss Emile Blackmore. De. "Bread and Lasses. 1902" Storins, Albert Boynton, "Cool of the Day. 1902" Thorpe, Minerva, Des Muscatine Dunlap zr Rapids 1 31'oines J mines s 3,id peigs "Two Chums" Tripp, Howard Carlton, Kingsley "Around the Fireside and Other Poems. 1894" Waite, Mrs. Letitia C. Burlington "By the Thorn Route. 1893" Waterman, Nixon, Arlington Heights, Bostona "Cap and and Bells. 1903" Wetmore, Mirs. Mai M. Chicago "Wee Folk of No-Man's Land. I893" Wheeler, firs. Jeanette, Griswold "Josephine Graham" Whitcomb, Selden L. Lawrence, Kansas "Chronological Outlines of American Literature. 1894" While, Harvey, Chicago, Ill. "Differences" Wright, Mrs. Hattie Leonard, Fort Dodge "At the Twilight Hour and Other Poems. 1897" -Selected from "List of Books by Iowa Authors." IV Notes on State Literature. The presence of the German Commune at Amana and the French Commune at Icaria have been interesting facts in the literary material of Iowa. The navigation of the Mormons across the state, French and Indian ele- 49 50 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN ments in history, the Dutch Colony at Pella, the residence and death of Black Hawk, have also influenced the litera- ture of Iowa.-Notes from State Historical Publications. V Authorities. Johnson, Brigham, State Librarian, Des Moines. E. H. Harlan, State Historical Department, Des Moines. Miss Alice Marple, Des Moines. Dr. Benjamin Shambough, Iowa City. TMiss Lavinia Steele, Des Moines. Professor S. L. Whitcomb, Lawrence, Kansas. KANSAS Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "A Glance at the Kansas Novel." Thesis, Univer- sity of Kansas Library, by Mae Reardon, 1915. "A Survey of the Kansas Short Story." Thesis, University of Kansas Library, by Iva Belle Harper, 19I5. "A Brief Sketch of Kansas." F. H. Barrington. "Collection of Kansas Poetry." Mrs. Lauthan. Crane Company, Topeka. I907. "History of the American Nature Essay." Naomi Light. Thesis University of Kansas Library, 19I5. - "History of Early Kansas Literature." Professor A. L. Long. Thesis University of Kansas Library, 19i6. "Journalism in Territorial Kansas." Herbert Flint. Thesis University of Kansas Library, i9i6. "Kansas in Literature." W. H. Carruth. "Kansas Women in Literature." Mrs. Barber. Crane Company, Topeka. "Poets and Poetry of Kansas." Thomas W. Her- ringshaw. "Studies in Kansas Poetrm." Lelia Marie Schwartz. Thesis University of Kansas Library, 1914. STATE LITERATURE II LIST OF AUTHORS. Ahlborn, Ida A. "The Ballad of the Type" Allerton, Ellen, Poet. "Walls of Corn" Arthur, Elizabeth Barr, "Washburn Ballads" Brewer, Grace D. Short Story Writer Call, Jesse Lewellyn, Short Story Writer. Cavaness, J. M. Poet. "Rhythmic Studies of the Words" Cavaness, A. A. Poet. "Ben H-Iarrison" Clark. Esther -VI. "Call of Kansas' Congdon, Laura D. Short Story Writer. Connelley, William E. "Wyandot Folk Lore" Crabb, William, Poet. "Poems of the Plains" Don Carlos, Louisa C. "A Battle in the Smoke" Dwight, Theodore, Poet. "The Kansas War" Graham, Effie, "The Passin'-on Party" Graves, Jennie C. "Moving Picture Plays" Gray, Anna Dunning, Negro Dialect Short Story Writer. Haggard, David Dillard, Poet. "The Common Herd" 17 'IS 51 52 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Harger, C. M. Poet. "Sunset on the Prairies" Horner, Hattie, Poet. "Collection of Verse" Hudson, Mrs. Mary Worrall, "In the Missouri Woods" Ingals, John J. "Ingals' WVorks" James, Amanda T. Magazine Writer. "Flowers and a Weed" Lynn, Margaret, "A Step-daughter of the Prairies" Malin, Gustav U. "Charley Johnson" Markham, W. C. "To Our Boys" Mason, Walt, Poet. "Rhymes of the Range" MIay, Celeste, Poet. "Sounds of the Prairie" McArthur, Mrs. Isabell, "Everybody Loves a Lover" McCarter, Margaret Hill, Novelist. "A Wall of Men" Moody, Joel, Poet. "Song of Kansas" Myers, Mrs. E. Hamilton, Poet and Dramatic Writer. Perkins, Margaret, "Echoes of Pawnee Rock" Prentis, Noble L. "A Kansan Abroad" Quayle, William A. Now of another state. "In God's Out of Doors" Realf, Richard, "The Defense of Lawrence" STATE LITERATURE Remsburg, John E. "The Image Breaker" Robinson, Sara T. D. Early Writer. "Kansas Interior and Exterior" Ropes, Mrs. Hannah Anderson, "Six Months in Kansas. (The first Kansas Novel)" Russ, Edna Thatcher, Short Story Writer. Savage, Mrs. Mary, "God's Beautiful Thots" Sheldon, Charles M. "In His Steps" Snow, Florence L. "The Lamp of Gold" Stevens, Kate, Poet. "Winds of Kansas" Stevenson, Miss Margaret, Writer of Books for the Blind. Thorpe, Rose Hartwick, "Curfew Shall Not Ring Tonight" Ware, Eugene F. "Rhymes of Ironquill" Wattles, W. A. 'Sunflowers" White, William Allen, Novelist. "A Certain Rich Man" Whitcomb, Jessie Wright, "Freshman and Senior" Wilder, Charlotte F. "Land of the Rising Sun" Wright, Harold Bell, "That Printer of Udell's" Zumwalt, Imri, "Among the Argonne Hills" -Selected from Histories and Bibliographies of Literature. 53 54 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN III Treatment of the State In American Literature. Charles Estabrook says in a lecture at the University of Kansas: "Considering its youth, Kansas is remarkably rich in literary genius. Considering its age, Kansas eas- ily outstrips all other states in the wealth of its literary productions." IV Notes on State Literature. The first period of Kansas Literature, extending from I854-79, produced very little literature, although it was the formative period for Kansas novelists. During this time the first Kansas novel by Mrs. Hannah Ander- son Ropes "Six Months in Kansas," was published. The second period of Kansas literature extends from 1879-89, and was the period when the literature began to grow. But the next decade was the most productive in the lit- erary history of the state. The next decade was a period of decline, but it would seem that the present decade is to be a very productive one. Margaret Hill McCarter is the leading Kansas novelist. Her poet, Walt IMiason, is believed to have the largest daily audience of any living writer. His poems are published daily in more than two hundred newspapers in the United States and Canada. -Notes from Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. V Authorities. Professor W. H. Carruth, Leland Stanford Univer- sityV. W. E. Connelley, Topeka Miss Francis, Topeka Also, see data under "II" above. STATE LITERATURE VI Use in State Schools. The following classics are used in the schools of Kansas: "Call of Kansas," by Esther 1NX. Clark; "Each in His Own Tongue," by W. H. Carruth; "In the Valley of the Arickaree," by Margaret Hill McCarter; "The Home-coming of Colonel Hucks," by William Allen White; "Quivera," by Eugene Ware.-Selected from "State Classics." KENTUCKY I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "A Syllabus of Kentucky Folk Songs." Herbert G. Shearin and Josiah H. Combs. Transylvania Printing Company, Lexington, Kentucky. i91 I. "Anthology of Kentucky Literature." Josiah Combs. John P. Morton Company, Louisville, Kentucky. 1914. - "Kentuckians in History and Literature." J. W. Townsend. 1907. "The Poets and Poetry of Kentucky," a chapter in "Collins' History of Kentucky." 1882. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Allen, James Lane. Novelist. "A Kentucky Cardinal" Altsheler, Joseph A. Novelist. "The Candidate" Andrew6, Mary Raymond Shipman, Novelist. "The Perfect Tribute" Ayers, Daisy Fitzhugh, Novelist. "The Conquest" Bacon, John H. Novelist. Maine, now of Kentucky "The Pursuit of Phyllis" Banks, Nancy Huston, Novelist. "Oldfield" 55 56 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Baskett, James Newton, Novelist. "Sweet Brier and Thistledown" Betts, Mary E., Poet "A Drcam of Beauty" Chivcrs, Thomas Holly, Poet. "Lily Adair" Crockett, Ingram, Novelist. "A Brother of Christ" Davis, Garrett -ii. XWriter o' boys' stories "In the Footsteps of Boone" Ellis, James T. Dialect writer. Sprig3 o' Mint" Ford, Sallie R. Novelist. "Grace Truman" Fox, John, Novelist. "The Trail of the Lonesome Pine" Goodloe, Abbic Carter, Novelist. "At the Foot of the Rockies" Hobbs, Roe R. Novelist. "Zoos" Johnson, Thomas, Poet. "The Kentucky Miscellany" Johnston, Mrs. Annie Fellows, Juvenile writer. "Little Colonel" Ketchum, Annie Chambers, Poet. "Semper Fidelis" Kinkeads, Ellanor T. Novelist. "The Invisible Bond" Litzey, Edwin Carlile, Novelist. "Love Storv of Abner Stone" Lloyd, John, Novelist. "Stringtown on the Pike" iN1acauley, Mrs. Frances Caldwell, Novelist. "The Lady of the Decoration" Manning, Estelle H. Novelist. "Hafiz" STATE LITERATURE Martin, Mrs. George Madden, Juvenile writer. "Emey Lou" McKinney, K. S. Novelist. "The Silent Witness Messenger, Mrs. Lillian R. Novelist. "The Heroine of the Hudson" Morris, George V. Novelist. "A Man for a' That" Obenchain, Mrs. Lida Calvert, Novelist. 'Aunt Jane of Kentucky" Piatt, Sarah B. Poet. Now of Ohio "A Word with a Skylark" Pittman, Mrs. H. Novelist. "The Belle of the Blue Grass Country" Potts, Mrs. E. D. Epic writer. "Song of Lancaster" Rice, Alice Hegan, Novelist. "MArs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch" Richard Warfield Creath, Epic writer. Now of Ala- bama "The Fall of the Alamo" Rives, Hattie Ermine, Novelist. "Hearts Courageous" Robertson, Harrison, Novelist. "How the Derby Was Won" Robbins, Elizabeth, "A Dark Lantern" Rosch, Abby McGuire, Novelist. "Some Successful Marriages" Rule, Lucian V. Poet. "The Shrine of Love" Seibert, Miss Venita, Novelist. "The Gossamer Thread" Visscher, William L. Epic writer. "Chicago: An Epic" Welby, Amelia B. Poet. "The Rainbow" 57 58 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Wilson, Robert Burns, Poet. Now of New York "Shadows of the Trees" -Selected from "Kentuckians in History and Lit- erature." III Treatment of the State in American Literature. "Kentucky has produced, not one, but two really great poets-Theodore O'Hara and Madison Cawein." "One may readily see that the accusation made by a prominent man 'Kentucky is producing nothing but light literature' is wholly unfounded. The truth is, Kentuck- ians are yearly enriching American history by their con- tributionp to it."-J. W. Townsend. IV Notes on State Literature. The first Kentucky novelist, Gilbert Imlay, wrote "The Emigrants," which is said to be an intensely inter- esting novel and one of the Arest of rare" Kentucky books. James Lane Allen has said, "Kentucky has pro- duced little or no literature." Yet she has produced about seventy-five poets, of whom Thomas Johnson was the first. "The Rainbow," by Amelia B. Welby, is said to be the best poem that a woman writer of Kentucky has produced. Other well known poets are Prentice and Stanton, Cutter, Harney, Spaulding and Mrs. Piatt. The Author of "Mv Old Kentucky Home," Stephen Collins Foster, was a native of Pennsylvania and only spent a few weeks in Kentucky. The immortal masterpiece of O'Hara, "Bivouac of the Dead," is the one great elegy in American literature. This was published in 1847, and Kentucky's next great poetical work, "Ken- tucV Poems," by Cawein, was published in 1902. Mary J. Holmes' first and most popular novels were written in STATE LITERATURE and of Kentucky. --Notes from "Kentuckians in History and Litera- ture." V Authorities. Mr. Young E. Allen, Louisville Dr. H. Cittell, Louisville Professor D. A. Thomas, Daneville Mr. Charles Williams, Louisville LOUISIANA. I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Fortiers' Louisiana Literature" in "The South in the Building of the Nation." Johnson's Southern Fiction prior to i86o. "Louisiana Studies." Fortier. "M'Caleb's Louisiana Book." "Thomason's Louisiana Writers." II LIST OF AUTHORS. Aiken, Mrs. J. G. " Poems" Augustin, George, "Legends of New Orleans" Augustin, John, "Creole Songs" Augustin,. Marie, "Le Macandal. Novel" Baker, Mrs. Marion A. "Poems, Essays, and Other Writings" Bignev, Mark F. "Wreck of the Nautilus, and other poems" Bleton, C. "De la Poesie dans I' Historie" 59 o OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Bruns. John Dickson, "Wrecked, and other poems" Buckner, Mrs. R. T. "Toward the Gulf" Canonge, L. Placide, Dramatist. "Brise du Sud" Carleton, Henry Guy, Dramatist. "Memmon" Collens, Thomas Wharton, "Martyr Patriots,"-A drama Courmout, Fele de, "L'Amour" Dalshenner, Mrs. Alice, "Twilight Shadows. Poems" David, Urbain, "Les Anglais a la Louisiane" Davis, Mrs. Mary Evelyn, "In War Times at La Rose Blanch" Dejacque, Joseph, Chansons. Dessomes, George. "A Deux Marts" Dinnes, Mrs. Annie Peyre, "The Floral Year, and other poems" Defour, Cyprien, "Esquisses Locales" Dupny, Eliza Ann, "Conspirators" Fickley, Mrs. John R. "Drama Poetry" Flash, Henry Lynden, Later of Calhfornia "What She Brought Me"-A poem Fortier, Alcee, "Historie de la Litterature Francaise" Gavarre. Charles Etienne Arthur, "History of Louisiana" 6o STATE LITERATURE Gentil, J. Grisna, E. "Elle" "Elegie" Hearn Lafcadio, Lat "Chita" Holcombe, William Henry, "Southern Voices" Homes, Mrs. Mary Sophie, "Wreath of Rhymes" Hoskins, Mrs. Josephine R. "Love's Stratagem" Houssage, de la Madame S. "Le Mari de Marguerite" Howe, W. W. "The Late Lamented,"-A drama Jamison, Mrs. C. V. "Story of an Enthusiast" Johnston, William Preston, "My Garden Walls" Lamal, P. "Voyage en Oceanic" Nagle, J. E. "A Home That I Love" Nicholson, Mrs. Eliza Jane, "Love" Overall, John W. "Bards" Pilsbury, Charles A. "Pepita and I" Pugh, Mrs. Eliza, "Not a Hero" Townsend, Mrs. !Uary Ashley, "Captain's Story" Walworth, Mrs. Jeannette R. "Southern Silhouettes" er of Japan 62 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Wilde, Richard Henry, "My Life is Like the Summer Rose" WVillia,jns, Espy NV. H. "Witchcraft" Williams, Mrs. Mary Bushnell, "Serfs of Chateney" -Selected from "Southern Literature." III Treatment of the State in American Literature. "Louisiana, with its romantic history, its stately river, its magnificent forests, its luxuriant vegetation, its num- erous bayous, overshadowed by secular oak trees, and its picturesque scenery on the coast of the Gulf seemed to be a fit abode for poets. They were inspired by climate, by thre nature of the country, by patriotism, by the chivalry and bravery of the men, and, above all, by the beauty and grace of the women. Our literature, therefore, is rich in poets, richer perhaps than that of any other state."-For- tier, in "Louisiana Studies." IV Notes on State Literature. The literature of Louisiana is unique in that it is written in two languages, the English and the French. The literature of the colonial period consisted mostly of official reports. One exception should be made for the earliest work in Louisiana literature, the poem "La Prise du Marne du Baton Rouge," written by Julien Poydras in 1779. The period of French literature extends from 1814-1893. Fortier, mi "Louisiana Studies," says: "The French literature of Louisiana is no unworthy daughter of that of France and will long continue to live; it is modest and simple, but above all sincere in its love for Louisiana, the United States, and France." The English literature of Louisiana is very extensive and includes a large num- ber of authors in all lines of literary activity. -Notes from "Louisiana Studies." STATE LITERATURE V Authorities. H. M. Blain, W. 0. Hart, Miss Grace King, Robert Share, President Tulane University, Mrs. Stuart, Baton Rouge. New Orleans. New Orleans. Neu, Orleans. New Orleans MAINE I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Bibliography of Maine." Williamson. "Historical Review of Literature in Maine" "Maine in Literature." New England Magazine. Volume 22, pp. 726-743. "Native Poets of Maine." S. Herbert Lancey. Bangor. David Bugbee Company, 1854. "Poets of Maine." Griffith. II LIST OF AUTHORS. i. Early Novelists. Abbott, Jacob, Abbott, John S. C. Bates, Arlo, Brooks, Noah, Elwell, Edward H. Flagg, Edmund, Kellogg, Elizah, Neal, John, Smith, Joseph E. 2. Early Poets Selected from "Maine in Liter- ature. " Allen, Mrs. Elizabeth A Pike, Mrs. Mary H. Barker, David, 1 etnrs, iMlrs. E. P. Bullard, Mvrs. Laura Curtis,Smith, Elizabeth Oakes, Burnev, Fanny, Spofford, Airs. Harriet P. Cutter, WVilliam, Sweet, firs. AT. J. A. Glazier, William B. Thatcher, Benjamin B. Howard, Miss Blanche W. Thrale, Mrs. 63 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Jewett, Sarah Owen, Tincker, Miss Mary A. Mace, Mrs. Frances L. Upham, Professor, McLellan, Isaac, Willis, N. P. Parton, Mrs. Sarah P. W. Wood, Mrs. Sally S. -Selected from "Maine in Literature". 3. Authors of Maine. Recent Authors Chase, MIrs. Mary Allen, "Virginia of Elk Creek Valley." Hallet, Richard Mathews, "The Lady Aft" Roche, Arthur Somers, "Plunder" -Notes furnished by H. E. Dunnock. Maine State Library 4. Poets of Maine. Barker, David, 1846- "Try Again" Beckett, Sylvester B. i812- "O, Lady, Sing That Song Again" Bradbury, Miss Hannah E. "The Covered Bridge" Colesworthy, Daniel C. i8io- "Don't Kill the Birds" Crosby, William G. "The Last Leaf" Cutter, William, 1802. "Who is My Neighbor" Dela, Lewis, Humorous poet. "Law vs. Saw" Deering Nathaniel, "The Grave" Field, Edward M. 1822- "My Sister" Fuller, Melville W. 1833- "Remorse" 64 STATE LITERATURE Fuller, Benjamin A. G. i8i8- "Faith, Hope, Charity" Glazier, William B. x827. "Homeless" Hayford, Miss Sarah, "The Sleeping Babe" Ilsley, Charles P. i8o6. "O, This is Not My Home" Langhton, Miss Fanny P. I836- "Castles in the Fire" Longfellow, Henry W. I807-i825. "Evangeline" Lovejoy, Elijah B. 1802-i837. "Inspirations of the Muse" McLellan, Isaac, I81j1-854. "The Death of Napoleon" Mellen, Frederic, "Song of the Wintery Wind" Mellen, Grenville, 1799-I842. "Mount Vernon" Moore, Miss Hannah A. "The Spirit of Song" Neal, John, 1793-i854. "The Battle of Niagary, Percy, Florence, I832- "June Shower" Roberts, Charles P. I 822- "The Sleep of Nature" Smith, Elizabeth 0. 1807-1854. "The Sinless Child" Smith, Seba, I792-1854. "The Little Graves" Snow, George W. i809. "The Tempest Driven" Spaulding, Miss Sarah W. I834- "The Storm and the Rainbowv" Stephens, Mrs. H. Marion, 1823- "Passion and Reality" 65 66 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Thatcher, Benjamin B. 1809-i840. "Weap Not for the Dead" W\eston, Edward P. 18i9-i854. "A Vision of Immortality" Willis, Nathaniel P. 1807-i827. "The Confessional" Woodbridge, Miss A. D. "Life's Light and Shade" -Selected from "Native Poets of Mlaine." IV Notes on State Literature. Samuel M1oody, a York minister, w ho published many sermons, was the pioneer of literature in Mkaine. Up to the year I8oo nothing but religious works had been put forth by Maine authors with the single exception of one poem, "Pitchwood Hill," by Dr. Deane. Real lit- erature in Maine began about I820. Some important books published just about this time are: Professor Cleveland's "Treaties on Mineralogy"; Moses Green- leaf's "Statistical View of \Iaine"; Joseph Whipple's "History of Acadia"; and Rev. Daniel XIerrill's "Let- ters to Baptists." In i8i6 "The Village," the first regu- lar work in verse, was published by Enoch Lincoln. The region about Lovell's Pond near Frveburg, Maine, has some pretentions as classic ground for the student of American literature. It was the battle fought here that inspired the ballad "Lovewell's Fight." It is said to have been reprinted more than any other poem written before the Revolution. --Notes from "Onderdo-uk's History of American Literature" and "Historical Review of Literature in Maine" by Josiah Williamson. V Authorities. Henry E. Dunnack, Augusta STATE LITERATURE VI Use in State Schools. "iMany cities and towns use selections of the auth- ors of MIaine in their schools, as those, for example, of Longfellow and of others of less wide repute."-Payson Smith, State Superintendent of Schools. MARYLAND I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Early Maryland Poetry." Ebenezer Cook. i1oo. 1.25. "Representative Authors of Maryland." Henry E. Shepperd. Whitehall Publishing Company, New York, I91 1. "The Poet and Verse Writers of Mlars land with Se- lections fromt Their Works." George C. Perine. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Archer, G. W. "More Than She Could Bear. Tale of Texas" Bosman, John Leeds, "Verses and prose articles" Browne, Emma Alice, "The Water Lilies Float Away" Calvert, George Henry, "Poems: Goethe, Dante, St. Benve" De Kay, Charles, "Hesperus" Dennis, James Teackle, "On the Shores of an Inland Sea" Donaldson, James Lowvre, "Sergeant Atkins" ForNs ood, William Stump, "Mammouth Cave of Kentucky" 67 68 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Gibbons, James, "Faith of Our Fathers" Hammond, John, "Two Sisters" Hungerford, James, "Master of Beverly" Kennedy, John Pendleton, "Horse-shoe Robinson" Key, Francis Scott, "Star-Spangled Banner" Lanier, Sidney, Georgia, later Maryland "Tiger Lilies,-A novel" Miles, George Henry, 1824-1871. "Aladdin's Palace,"-A drama Palmer, John Williamson, 1825. "After His Kind. A novel. i828" Pinkney, E. C. 1802. "Poems" Poe, Edgar, Allan, 1809-I849. "Poems" Randall, James Ryder, i838. "My Maryland" Reese, Ligette Woodworth, "A Branch of May, poems" Searing, Mrs. L. C. "Sounds from Secret Chambers" Smith, Francis H. 1838. "Colonel Carter of Cartersville" Smith, Nathan Ryno, 1797-1877. "Legends of the South" Spencer, Edward, 1834. "Kit,"-A drama Tabb, John B. "Poems" Thomas, Frederick William, i8ii-i866. "Tis Said that Absence Conquers Love" -Selected from "Southern Literature." STATE LITERATURE MASSACHUSETTS Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Literary Land Marks of Boston." L. Swift Houghton, 1903. "The Hundred Boston Orators." Loring, i852. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Adams, Oscar F., Boston "The Archbishop's Unguarded Moment" Addison, Julia De Wolf, Boston "The Night Hath a Thousand Eyes" Aiken, Conrad Potter, Boston "Earth Triumphant" Allen, Willis B., Boston "In the Morning" Barbour, Anna M., Boston "Breakers Ahead" Barbour, Ralph H., Manchester "Kitty of the Roses" Bartlett, Frederick O., Cambridge "The Triflers" Bates, Katherine Lee, Wellesley One of the best known American poets. Bellamy, William, Boston "Broken Words" Blodgett, Mabel, L. F., Waest Newton "At the Queen's Mercy" Bridgeman, Lewis J., Salem "Seem-So's" Brill, George B., Monument Beach "Bobby Bumpkin" Brooks, Amy, Boston "At the Sign of the Three Birches" 69 70 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Brown, Abbie F., Boston "Fresh Posies" Brown, Alice, Boston "Vanishing Points" Brown. Kate L., Boston "Alice and Tom" Burgess, Thornton W., Springfield "Boy Scouts on Swift River" Cable, George W., Northampton "Old Creole Days" Chamripney, Elizabeth W., Deerfield "Rosemary and Rue" Chase, Jessie A., Boston "A Daughter of the Revolution" Chase. Stuart, Boston "A Honeymoon Experiment" Conkling, Grace, W. H., Northamnpton "Afternoons of April" Connolly, James B., Boston "Sonnie Boy's People" Converse, Florence, 'ellsley "Diana Victrix" Cook, George C., Provincetown "In Hampton Roads" Corcoran, Brewer, Springfield "The Bantam" Coyle. Henry, Boston "The Little Runaways" Crosby, Edward H., Boston "Radiana" Curtis, Alice T., Boston "Lyrics of Faith and Hope" Day, Holnan F., Boston "Up In Maine" Day, George E., Somerville "Wild Rose and Thistle" Deland, Miargaretta W., Boston "The Old Garden" STATE LITERATURE Deland, Ellen D., Dedham "Country Cousins" Delano, Edith B., Deerfield "The White Pearl" Dickinson, Martha G., zrmherst "A Cossack Lover" Dillingham, Frances B., Auburndale "A Christmas Tree Scholar" Donnell, Annie H., Farmingham "Rebecca Mary" Donworth, Grace, Boston "'Miss Musgrove" Dowe, Jennie E. T., Boston "The Minute Men" Dovle. Martha C. M., Newton Highlands "Little Miss Dorothy" D'vys, George W., Rozwe "His Third Wife" Dyer, Walter A., Amherst "Gulliver, the Great" Field, Gertrude R., Tufts College "State Song of Rhode Island" !orbcs, Harriette MI., Worcester "The Hundredth Town" Foster, Edna A., Annisquam "The Leaven of Love" French, Allen, Concord "Sir Marrock" Gardner, William H., Winthrop "Merry Songs for Little Folks" Gibson, Charles, Boston "The Spirit of Love" Gifford. Fannie S. D., Pittsfield "Crack O' Dawn" Gilmore, Inez H, Scituate "The Lady of Kingdoms" Glaspell, Susan, Provincetown "Lifted Masks" 71 72 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Grant Robert Boston "The Knave of Hearts" Greene, Sarah P., Lexington "Leon Pontifex" Hall, James N., Boston "Kitchner's Mob" Harbour, Jefferson L., Boston "Short Story Writer" Hawkins, Chauncey J., Boston "Ned Brewster's Bear Hunt" Higginson, Mary P. T., - Cambridge "Room For One More" Hopkins, Margaret S. B., Amherst "Perchance to Dream" Hopkins, William J., South Dartmouth "The Clammer and the Submarine" Hornibrooke, Isabel, Wfarcester "Camp and Trail" Jew ett, John H., Springfield "Christmas Stocking Stories" King, Basil, Cambridge "Wild Olive" Kline, Burton, Boston "The End of the Flight" Lathrop, Harriett M., Concord "Five Little Peppers Grown Up" Leahy, William A., Boston "The Incendiary" Lee Jeannette; Northampton "The Ibsen Secret" Leonard, Nellie M., Brookville "The Gray Mouse Family" Lindsey, William Boston "Apples of Istakhar" Lowell, Amy, . Boston "Sword Blades and Poppy Seed" Marks, Jeanette, South Hladley "The End of a Song STATE LITERATURE Mason, Caroline A., Beverly "A Woman of Yesterday" Morse, Margaret F., Boston "The Spirit of the Pines" O'Brien, Edward J., Bass River "The Forgotten Threshold" Orcutt, William D., Norwood "The Princess Kallisto" Peabody, Josephine P., Cambridge "The Wayfarers" Perin, Florence H., Boston "Sunlit Days" Pidgin, Charles F., Boston "Quincy Adams Sawyer Pier Arthur S., Boston "Story of Harvard Plympton, Almira G., Dover "Gerald and Geraldine" Poor, Agnes B., Boston "Under Guiding Stars" Porter, Eleanor H., Cambridge "Pollyanna" Paulson, Anna E., Boston "Holiday Songs" Pratt, Lucy, Cambridge "Felix Tells It" Proctor, Edna D., FarminIhain "Mountain Maid" Prouty, Oliver H., Boston "Bobbie, General Manager" Reed, Helen L., Cambridge "Irma in Italy" Riley, James, Boston "Bound Out" Robinson, Edith, Boston "A Little Daughter of Liberty" Sanborn, Mary F., Boston "Paula Ferris" 73 74 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Schauffler, Robert H., Greenbush "Scum o' the Earth" Sears, Clara E., Harvard "The Unfurling of the Flag" Sheahan, Henry B., Topsfield "A Volunteer Poilu" Sherman, Ellen B., Weston "Taper Lights" Skinner, Henrietta C. D., Boston "Their Choice" Sparhawk, Frances C., Newton Center "Little Polly Blatchley" Spofford, Harriet P., Newburry port "New England Legends" Steele, Wilbur D., Provincetown "Storm" Ticknor, Caroline A., Boston "A Port in Exile" True, John P., Waban "Scouting for Light Horse Harry" Upham, Grace Le B., Boston "'Twixt You and Me" Van Buran, Alicia K., Boston "As Thought is Led" Xrorse, 1\Iary H., Provincetown "The Ninth Man" Waterman, Nixon, Boston "Sunshine Vrerses" Ward, Herbert D., Newton Center "A Dash to the Pole" West, James H., Lynn "Kalligo" Westley, George H., Boston "Joan of the Bay" Wesselhoeft, Lily F., Boston "The Winds, the Woods and the Wanderer" White, Eliza O., Boston "An Only Child" STATE LITERATURE 75 White, Frances H., Lynn "Sea Tales" Whitson, John H., Rowley "The Castle of Doubt" Williams, Herschel, Cambridge "Fairv Tales from Folk Lore" Winslow, Helen M., Shirley "The President of Query -Selected from "Who's Who." III Treatment of the State in American Literature. A professor of English in a Massachusetts University says: "Fifty per cent of American belles-lettres tup to 1875 was written in Massachusetts." IV Notes on State Literature. Her early literature was influenced by religious in- terests. The only province that could compare with Massachusetts in literary achievement was Pennsylvania. The first ambitious poetical efforts in Massachusetts were in the direction of translation. Massachusetts is a great literary state and holds a national position. Boston at any time was a literary center. Harvard University has sent her men all over the United States.-Notes from Onderdouk's History of American Literature. VI Use in State Schools. "Massachusetts uses many selections from her own state authors in her public schools."-W. I. Hamilton, Massachusetts Board of Education. 76 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN MICHIGAN I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Authors and Poets of Michigan." By E. Cora Depuy, published by W. B. Conkey Company, Chicago, Ill. Price 5.oo and 7.00. Volume No. 39, of the "Michigan Historical Col- lections." 1915. I.00. Published b1 Michigan His- torical Commission at Lansing. List of authors. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Poets of Michigan. Alger, I. P. "Michigan Past and Present" Barnes, Mrs. R. C. "Song of Time" Bishop, Levi, "Battle of the River Raisin" Brown, E. Lakin, "T lhe Old Pioneer" Campbell, James Valentine, "A Legend of L'Anse Creuse" Carleton, Will, "Farm Ballads" Close, Converse, "A New Version of an Old Song" Cole, James L. "Poems" Crawford, Riley C. "Ode to Michigan" Day, John E. "Backwards-A Glance Into the Past" De Puy, E. Cora, "A Christmas Eve" Delffield, Samuel W. "Poems" STATE LITERATURE Eggleston, B. F. "Some Forty Years Ago" Foreman, Mary, "Landscape Painting" Goodrich, Enos, "Michigan, My Michigan" Goodrich, Samuel Griswold, "Lake Superior" Grant, Peter, "Where Hath Scotland Found Her Fame." Harrison, Almon, "Sixty Years Ago" Hutchins, Mrs. Harrison, "Pioneering-Gathering Sap and Going to Mill" Ingersoll, Mrs. E. S. "The State Capital" Kelland, Clarence B., "Into His Own" Pierce, M'Irs. N. H. "The Brave Pioneer" Reinick, Grace, "Glenoch Girls" Robinson, J. A. "Reminiscences in Rhyme" Sammons, J. F. "A Pioneer Song as Sung by Perrin Moe" Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, "The Birchen Canoe" Snyder, Mrs. John, "Betsy and Josiah" Taylor, Mrs. Hannah Fowler, "The Twin Peninsulas" Tuttle, Mfrs. Eunice, "Song to Our Pioneers" Waldron, Mrs. Mary E. "My Jewells" 77 78 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Webster, N. B. "When I Was a Boy with Head Like Tow" Selected from Vol. 39 of the "Michigan Historical Collections." V Authorities. Charles Mloore, Lansing E. Cora DePuy, Detroit MINNESOTA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "A Bibliography of Minnesota." J. F. Williams. "M1innesota Historical Collections." Volume III, 1870-1880. Four issues of the "Librarv Notes and NewNs" con- tain material about M innesota literature. "Minnesota Authors" in "Library Notes and News," January, 1908. "Library Notes and News," May, i908. "Minnesota Authors." Library Notes and News," December. 1909. "Iinnesota Women Who Write." Library Notes and News." December, 1gog. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Arnold, Mrs. W. J. Wabasha "Poets and Poetry of Minnesota" Baker, James Heaton, Man kato "Poets of Minnesota" Bates, Carroll Lund, Lake City "The Master" Berghold, Alexander, Now of California "The Indian's Revenge. (Translated into the German" STATE LITERATURE Bishop, Harriet E. St. Paul "Minnesota Then and Now, a volume of verse" Blake, Mrs. Katharine, Minneapolis "Heart's Haven" Burton, Richard, University of Minnesota "Literary Leaders of America" Crothers, Samuel MkcChord, Now of Boston "Miss Muffet's Christmas Partv" Cudmore, P. Fariboult "Prophecy of the Twentieth Century" Day, Oscar F. G., Minneapolis "Crown of Shame" Dunlap, Mrs. Rose Bartean, St. Paul "Minnesota Biography" Eastman, Charles A., Redwood Falls "Story of Little Big Horn" Eastman, Mrs. Mary, Fort Snelling "Decotah, or Life and Legends of the Sioux" Eggleston, Edward, St. Peter "Hoosier School Master" Gannett, Wm. C., St. Pan! "Faith that Makes Faithful" Gilbert, Charles Benajah, St. Paul "Stepping-stones to Literature" Gilfillan, Joseph Alexander, Now of Washington, D. C. "Objibways: a Novel of Indian Life" Gordon, Hanford Lenox, St. Cloud "Legends of the Northwest" Guthrie, Anna Lorraine, Minneapolis "Edited Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature" Huntington, George, Northfield "Nakoma" Iliowizi, Henry, "Herod: a tragedy" Judd, Mary Catharine, Afinneapolis "Wigwam Stories" Lee, Franklin William, Rush City "Shred of Lace" 79 80 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Lee, Minnie Mary, Souk Rapids "Herbert's Wife" Long, Lily A., St. Paul "Squire of Low Degree" Luby, M. D. C., St. Paul "New American Epic Poem" MacLean, George Edwin, Now of Iowa "Chart of English Literature MIassingham, Will J., Duluth "Lake Superior and Other Poems" Merriman, Mrs. Effie Woodward, Minneapolis "Pards" Miller, Mrs. Emily Huntington, St. Paul "Captain Fritz" Newson, Thomas McLean, St. Paul "Indian Legends of the Minnesota Lakes" O'Brien, Dillon, St. Paul "Widow Melville's Boarding House" Oppenheim, Mrs. Ansel, St. Paul "Allistao, a Romance Pierce, Squire L., St. Paul "Di: a Story" Powell, John Walker, Duluth P Poets' Vision of Man" Russell, Edson Broughton, Minneapolis "Sheltered Waifs" Upson, Arthur, "At the Sign of the Harp" Warner, Anne, St. Paul "Seeeing France with Uncle John" Williams, John Fletcher, St. Paul "Bibliography of Minnesota" Wilson, Mrs. Justina, Minneapolis "Cumulative Book-Review Digest" -Selected from "Library Notes and News." STATE LIERATURE IV Notes on State Literature. Some Minnesota authors of the period of French exploration are: Radison, Duluth, Hennepin, La Salle, Perrot, Le Sueur, Verendrye, Carver, Thompson, Mack- enzie, Henry, Cass, Schoolcraft, Long, Keating, Beltram- ini, and Zebulon Montgomery Pike are some authors of the fur-trading period. Minnesota has an active and thoroughly organized Library Association. This Asso- ciation has done much to advance the literarv interests of the state. It also furnished books in the foreign languages to the foreigners of the state that it may educate them and make them better citizens. Some good work has been done by Minnesota authors in the German, Norwegian, and Swedish languages. In the book entitled "Master- pieces from Swedish Literature in English" are found many translations by Minnesota authors. -Notes from "Library Notes and News." V Authorities. Mrs. Rose Bateau Dunlap, St. Paul Warren Upham, St. Paul MISSISSIPPI I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Mississippi as a Field for the Student of Literature." W. L. Weber, in "Publications of Mississippi Historical Society," Volume I. "Owens' Bibliography of Mississippi." In Ameri- can Historical Association Report, Volume i, i899. 8i 82 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN II LIST OF AUTHORS. Bien, H. M. "Oriental Legends. i883" Berryhill, S. Newton, "Backwoods Poems. i878" Bonner, Sherwood, "A Flower of the South" Cappleman, Mrs. J. F. "Heart Songs. 1899" Carpenter, MU. T. "Memories of the Past. 1850" Collins, J. C. "Poems. 1883" Duval, Miss Mary V. "The Queen of the South," a drama. I899 Frantz, Mrs. V. J. "Ira Greenwood. I877" Homberlin, L. R. "Lyrics" I88i Hebron, Elley E. "Songs from the South. 1875" Huntington, Miss Irwin, I892. "The Wife of the Sun, a legend of the Natchez" Lynch, J. D. "Robert E. Lee; or Heroes of the South, a poem. 1876" Malone, Walter, 1882 "Clarabel" Marshall, T. D. "Everything, Nothing, and Other Things, poems. i886" Moore, Col. M. V. "The Rhyme of the Southern Rivers. 1897" Oliver, J. M. "The Little Girl at the Spanish Fort. i870" Simmons, J. F. "The Welded Link. i88i" STATE LITERATURE Ward, Wm. "Poems. 1899" -Selected from "A Bibliography of Mississippi." III Treatment of the State in American Literature. NV. L. Weber, in "Mississippi as a Field for the Student of Literature," published in J898, says: "The list of Mississippi books is not long; the average quality is not high; of pure literature, of the real literature of power we have contributed scarcely fifty pages to the world's store." IV Notes on State Literature. Mississippi has contributed much more to pol- itics than to literature. With the single exception of the poems of Irvin Russel, Mississippi has produced nothing which literary men have been willing to give a place in American literature. She has many interesting Indian legends and negro folk tales, and accounts of the doings of Mississippian laws that should be collected and made a part of her literature. William Ward is one of Miss- issippi's best poets and is the author of the wvell known poem "Katie Did."-Notes from "Mississippi as a Field for the Student of Literature." MISSOURI I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Catalogue of Publications of Missouri Authors," F. A. Sampson. 1904. "List of M\issouri Authors and Their Contributions to Literature," "St. Louis City and County." Scharf, Volume II. "Missouri Literature." Jesse and Allen. 83 84 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN II LIST OF AUTHORS. Argyle, Archie, "Cupid's Album" Bassett, James Newton, "Sweetbrier and Thistledown, a story" Bugg, Lelia Hardin, 'Orchids, a novel" Carper, Minnette Slayback, "Dance of Death and Other Stories" Carter, John Henton, "Impression Club, a novel" Chopin, 'Mrs. Kate, "At Fault, a novel" Clark, K. E. "The Dominant Seventh" Clemens, Samuel L. ("Mark Twain"). "Tom Sawyer" Dugan, Mrs. George E. "Myrtle Leaves" Fielder, Elizabeth Davis, "The White Canoe and Other Legends of the Ojibways" Finn, Father Francis J. "Best Foot Forward and Other Stories" Ford, Sally R. "Grace Truman" Fruit, John Phelps, "Mind and Art of Poe's Poetry" Hallum, Mattie A. "Clay" Halstead, Leonora B. "Bethesda" Hatton, John W. "Battle of Life" Hamilton, George W. "Finding Blodgett" STATE LITERATURE Heffernan, Francis Stephen, "Imola: a Story of Hearts" Holding, Elizabethe E. "Joy the Deaconess" Hume, Etta Louise, "Etalee, a novel" Ingils, James, Essayist. "Waymarks in the Wilderness" Jorgensen, Ila M. and Ketchum, Agnes F. "Kindergarten Gems" Madison, Mrs. Lucy Foster, "Maid of the First Century, a story for girls" McVey, Nellie, "Eureka Springs" Meriwether, Lee, "A Lord's Courtship, a novel" Meriwether, Mrs. Elizabeth Avery, "The Master of Red Leaf, a tale" Musick, John R. "Pocahontas: a Story of Virginia" Nixon, Mary F. "Blue Lady's Knight" Orthwein, Edith Hall, "Adventures of Little Pugtrix and Other Stories" Owen, Luella Agnes, "Ole Rabbit's Plantation Stories" Page, Mrs. Eliza Jacquith, "Only a Waif or the Romance of An Earthquake" Pallen, Conde Benoist, "Epochs of Literature" Polk, Mrs. E. J. "Gems, selections from literary contributions to the press" Reedy, Wm. Marion, Essayist. "The Mirror Pamphlets" Ridenbaugh, Mary Young, "Enola" 85 86 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Snider, Denton J. Essayist. "The Freeburgers" Speckt, MIrs. "Alf rieda" Strong, Bessie P. "Conquered, a novel" Summers, Chas. "The Nomads, a socioeconomic novel" Thomas, Lewis F. "India" Wetmore, Claude H. "Fighting Under the Southern Cross" -Selected from "Bibliography of Missouri's Au- thors," and "Southern Literature." IV Notes on State Literature. The Missouri Folklore Society was established in i906, at the suggestion of the Secretary of the American Folklore Society, whose attention had been called to Mis- souri as a folklore field by Missouri students who were collecting popular ballads.-Notes from Historical Col- lections. V Authorities. F. A. Sampson, Columbia VI Use in State Schools. Howard A. Gass, State Superintendent of Public Schools of Missouri, says: "At present we are not using any selections from Missouri authors as supplementary work in the teaching of literature. Occasionally some thing is used from the pen of Professor T. Berry Smith, Fayette, IMissouri, as supplementary work in literature classes." ST.ATE LITERATURE MONTANA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. No bibliography or history of Montana literature has ever been compiled. The most complete bibliography probably now existing is the printed cards in the Library of Congress. The Montana Historical Library contains about three hundred cards. "Montana Literature Re- view and Comments," a paper prepared and read by John F. Davies before the Annual Meeting of the Montana State Library Association, and which has been published, gives a short bibliography of Montana authors. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Allen, Dr. W. A. "Adventures with Indians and Game" Baldwin, MIrs. Emma C. "Kodak Sketches of Two Little Girls. Juvenile" Barbour, Anna Maynard, "That IIlainwaring Affair" Bell, W. S. "Old Fort Benton" Billings, E. Everett, "Marking the Boundary" Bower, B. IVI. "The Uphill Climb" Brockett, Col. MT. S. Later of Illinois. "Heroic Free Masons of Early Montana" Broderick, Mrs. Theresa, "The Brand" Brooks, Elbridge S. "Master of the Strong Hearts" Coburn, Walter, "Rhymes from a Roundup Camp" Cope, H. F. "The Bonanza Bible Class" 87 88 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Cullum, Ridgwell, "The Twins of Suffering Creek" Davis, G. Wesley, "The Dance of Death" Eggleston, C. H. "When Bryan Came to Butte" Grinnell , G. Bird, "Blackfoot Indian Stories" Harriman, Mrs. Alice, "A Man of Two Countries" Hamilton, W. T. "My Sixty Years on the Plains" Hanson, Joseph Mills, "Conquest of Missouri" Hebard, Grace Raymond, "The Pathbreakers from River to Oregon" Henshall, Dr. "Ye Gods and Little Fishes" Hill, WXm. L. "Jack a Boy in Rainbow Land" Judson, Katherine B. "Montana, The Land of Shining Mountains" King, Captain Charles, "Colonel's Daughter and Marion's Faith" Langford, N. P. "Vigilante Days and Ways" Lawyer, Cornelius Hedges, "The Art Work of Montana" Leighton, W. R. "Lewis and Clark" Linderman, Frank B. "Indian Why Stories" Noyes, A. J. "In the Land of Chinook" Murphy, Jene C. "Comical History of Montana" Ronan, Peter, "History of the Flathead Indians" STATE LITERATURE Ryan, Marsh Ellis, "Todd in the Hills" Sanders, Mvrs. Helen Fitzgerald, "Trails Through Western Woods" Schultz, James W. "Blackfoot Tales of Glacier National Park" Shackleford, E. "The Jumping-Off Place" Shields, G. A. "Battle of the Big Hole" Sloan, W. N. "Spirited Conquest of the Rockies" Stone, A. L. "Following Old Trails" Stuart, Granville, "Montana As It Is" Swain, Dr. H. H. "Civics for Mvlontana Students" Walsworth, W. W. "Essays" Wheeler, Olin D. "The Trail of Lewiq and Clark" -Selected from "Montana Literature Reviews and Comments." By John F. Davies. III Treatment of the State in American Literature. John F. Davies, in "Montana Literature Review and Comments," says: "In considering the subject of the bibliography of the state, I have had in mind several things that were desirable. I would like to see in a list by itself the names of all the productions written by resi- dents of Montana. In another section 1 would like to see anything about Montana published by other people. particularly by the known authors of the world. 1 think the number of these productions and the people who spoke about them would be a surprise to many people." 89 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN IV Notes on State Literature. In the early 30's and 40's Europeans had an interest in explorations in the Montana region and the greater part of the history of Montana wvas published in period- icals printed in England. Some authors who have xvrit- ten about Montana are: Henry W. Longfellow, "The Revenge of Rain-in-the-Face"; Edmund Clarence Sted- man, "Custer and Charles Dudley Warner," a chapter on Montana in his "South and West."-Notes from "Mon- tana Literature Reviews and Comments," by John F. Davies. V Authori-ies. John F. Davies, Butte C. M. Kessler, Helena Peter Koch, Pasadena, Calif. NEBRASKA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Poems and Sketches on Nebraska." Addison E. Sheldon. "A Provisional List of Nebraska Authors." By Sophia J. Lammers, Reference Librarian University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska (i918). II LIST OF AUTHORS. Abbott, Avery, "Captain Martha Mary" Abbott, Keene, "A Melody in Silver" Alexander, Hartley Burr, "North American Mythology" Ballard, Frederick, "Young America" 90 STATE LITERATURE Bayne, Mrs. Julia Taft, "Hadley Ballads" Birchall, Sara Hamilton, "The Book of the Singing Winds" Bixby, Annie Leander, "Driftwood" Blackman, Elmer Ellsworth, "Niobrara's Love Story, an Indian romance of pre-his- toric Nebraska of the fabled ancient empire of Quivera." Blakeslee, G. H. "Lest WVe Forget" Bradley, Rev. W. F. "Fiddler of Gmund" Bryan, William Jennings, "Prince of Peace" Brvson, Lyman, "Smokv Roses" Buck, Philo Melvin, Jr. "John Milton. Minor Poems" Cather, Willa Sibert, "April Twilights" Cleary, Kate MN. "Like a Gallant Lady" Currier, Adella Lovejoy, "Clover Bloom" Dake, Arasmus Charles, "Nebraska Legends and Poems" Dunroy, William Reed Hooper, "CoTn Tassels" Gale, Charles F. "The Marble Waiteth" Griggs, Nathan Kirk, "Hell's Canyon, a poem of the camp" Hahn, Charles Curtz, "In Cloisters Dim" Harper, Henry Howard, "Random Verses" 9I 92 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Le Rossignal, James Edward, "Little Stories of Quebec" Lynn, Margaret, "Collection of Eighteenth Century Verse" Mason, Walt, "Horse Sense" Maule, Mary K. "For Mlamsie's Sake" Maupin, Will Mi. "Linnings" Miles, N.H. "Cragg's Roost" Miller, Mrs. Lucile B. "Moods and Xlemories" Miller, Schuyler W. "A Gallery of Farmer Girls" Morris, James Walter, "The Old Trail" Munger, Mrs. Dell H. "Wind Before the Dawn" Neihardt, John G. "Strainger at the Gates" Patterson, Ada and Edison, "Love's Lightning, a play" Pound, Louise, "Folk Songs of Nebraska and the Central West" Richey, Isabel Grimes, "When Love is King" Robbins, Leonard H. "Jersey Jingles" Saunders, Anna M1. "Golden Rod" Schwartz, Julia Augusta, "Beatrice Leigh at College" Shedd, G. C. "Lady of Mystery House" Sheldon, Addison Erwin, "Poems and Sketches of Nebraska" STATE LITERATURE Sherman, Lucius Adelno, "What is Shakespeare " Skinner, J. B. "A Book of Poems" Smith, George Albert, "Evening Bells" Sorensen, Grace, "Home Made Jingles" Sullivan, Elizabeth Higgins, "Out of the Wlest" Swenson, Mrs. Miranda Powers, "Spice and Rose Leaves" Titterington, Mrs. Sophia Bronson, "Little Pilgrim Series" Voorhies, Frank Corey, "Story of Lizzie 1vcQuire" Wallace, C. W. "Globe Theatre Apparel" -Selected from "A Provisional List of Nebraska Authors." III Treatment of the State in American Literature. "The state of Nebraska has a folklore separate and distinct from any other, more interesting than the story of lo, more authentic and more remote than that of Cap- tain John Smith's escapade in the Indian Village."-From "Quivera Legends," No. 5, 1900. IV Notes on State Literature. Some of the old voyages up the Missouri river, the Oregon Trail, the Trail of the Loup and Indian Legends are interesting facts in the history of Nebraska. Some In- dian Legends have been published by the Historical Soci- ety among which we may mention "Niobrara's Love Story" and "The Wanagi Olowan Kin." "The Ghost Songs of the Dakotas" published in "Proceedings and '93 94 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Collections of the Historical Society, January I, i895, is a very interesting Historical Paper. Nebraska has pro- duced many authors of essays, especially of critical and int- ellectual essays, as Professor Roscoe Pound, now at Har- vard University. Many members of the faculty of the State University have written books of various kinds. -Notes from State Historical Collections. V Authorities. Clarence S. Paine, Lincoin NEVADA Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. No monograph about the literature of Nevada has ever been written hut the so-called histories which are largely biographical each have a chapter about the state literature. "History of Nevada." Myron Angel. Thompson West, Oakland, Calif., i88i. Pp. 291-332. "Pacific Slope History." H. H. Bancroft. Chap- ter XXV, "History of Nevada, Colorado, and WVyom- ing." San Francisco, i890. Pp. 305-9. "History of Nevada." Thomas Wren. Lewis Pub- lishing Co., Chicago, 1904. Pp. 311-I2. "History of Nevada." Sam P. Davis. Ehno Pub- lishing Company, Los Angeles, Volume I, Pp. 459-502. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Adams, Andy. Colunibia (One of the best known of the authors of Nevada) "Reed Anthony" Clark, Samuel. Illinois, later Tonopah, Nevada "Dust from the Desert" Cresson, W. Penn. Elko One of the best known authors of Nevada STATE LITERATURE Gibson, Samuel Carroll. A'issouri, Iatcr Reno Author of several medical monographs Means, Thomas Herbert. Virginia, later Fallon Author of several departmental agricultural publi- cations on soils -Selected from Histories of Nevada. V Authorities. Jeanne Elizabeth Wier, Reno VI Use in State Schools. "No special provision for using her own authors' works is made, but teachers use them in their discretion." John Edwards Bray, State Superintendent of Schools. NEW HAMPSHIRE I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Poets of New Hampshire." Selections and brief biographies of more than 300. Published at Claremont, N. H., 1882. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Aldrich, Thomas Bailey. Andrews, Christopher, C. Bartlett, Samuel C. Bell, Charles H. Blake, John L. Blunt, Edmund M. Bouton, John B. Bristol, Augusta C. Burnap, George W. Burnham, Samuel, Burton, Warren, Butler, Benjamin F. March, Charles W. Martyn, Sarah T. Mead, Edwin D. Moore, George H. Moore, Jacob B. Morrison, John H. MIorrison, Leonard A. Neal, Joseph C. Nichols, Ichabod, Oliver, Peter, Parker, Joel, Pearson, Jonathan, 95 96 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Butler, Caleb, Carter, Nathaniel H. Cass, Lewis, Clarke, James Freeman, Coffin, Charles Carlton, Cogswell, William, Coues. Elliott Dana, Charles A. Davis, Caroline E. Dearborn, Henry A. S. Dix, John A. Drake, Francis S. Drake, Samuel G. Durell, Edward H. Elwyn, Alfred L. Ellsworth, Mary W. Fessenden, Thomas G. Fields, James T. Flanders, Henry, Gould, Augustus A. Greeley, Horace, Green, Nathaniel, Hale, Salma, Hale, Sarah J. Haven, Nathaniel A. Hoyt, Albert H. Kelley, Hall J. Kelly, John, Kendall, George W. Kidder, Frederic, Kimball, Joseph H. Kimball, Richard B. Knox, Thomas W. Lee. Eliza B. Livermore, Abiel A. Lord, John, Magoon, Elias L. Mann, Cyrus, Potter, Chandler E. Powers, Grant, Prescott, George B. Proctor, Edna D. Proctor, Lucien B. Quint, Alonzo H. Rankin, Jeremiah E. Rogers, Nathaniel P. Rollins, Ellen C. Stabine, Lorenzo, Sanborn, Franklin B. Sanborn, Katherine A. Savage, Edward H. Sherburne, John H. Sherwood, Mary E. Shillaber, Benjamin P. Smith, Jerome Van C. Smith, Nathan R. Spaulding, Lyman, Stark, Caleb, Stearns, John G. Stow, Baron, Tenney, Tabitha, Treat, John H. Upham, Francis W. Upham, Thomas C. Walker, James P. Walker, Joseph B. Wells, Walter, Willey, Benjamin G. WTilson, Henry, Wilson, William D Wood, Alphonso, Woolson, Constance F. Worcester, Joseph E. Worcester, Noah, Wright, Carroll D. STATE LITERATURE 2. Poets of New Hampshire. Adams, Ezra E. Aldrich, Thomas Bailey, Bostwick, Helen L. Bristol, Augusta C. Dinsmoor, Robert, Fessenden, Thomas G. Fields, James T. Kimball, Harriet Al. Knight, Frederick, Laighton, Albert, Lowe, Martha A. Odiorne, Thomas, Plumer, William, Proctor, Edna D. Roberts, Sarah, Robinson, Annie D. Sherburne, John H. Stark, William, Thaxter, Celia, Thornton, Eliza B. -List furnished by Otis G. Hammond, Superinten- dent New Hampshire Historical Society. IV Notes on State Literature. Although Sylvanus Cobb, Jr., was a native of Maine, still the scenes of "Forest Sketches" were laid largely in the region of the White Mountains, and many incidents and stories were taken from the people and his- tory of New Hampshire. Thomas Currier, Clara Augus- ta Jones, and Col. Arthur L. Meserve won their first recognition in New Hampshire. Alany literary associa- tions are connected with the Merrimac River. Mr. Na- thaniel Berry, in his "Last of the Penacooks," wrote of the valley and its people: Professor Hitchcock, Samuel D. Lord, and William E. Lord added scientific knowl- edge to the natural features of the river. 'A poem, "At the Falls of Namoskeag," by Allen Eastman Cross, pays a noble tribute to this river. Thoreau is the author of "A Week upon the Concord and Merrimac Rivers." Emerson also wrote of the Merrimac. AIrs. Rebecca I. Davis wrote "Gleanings of the Merrimac Valley." Writ- tier wrote "The Bridal of Pennacook." Star King made the "White Hills" immortal in literature. Mr. Francis 97 98 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN B. Eaton has written the "Story of Lake Massabesic." Mrs. Harriet Prescott Spofford has laid the scenes of one of her most famous stories upon its shores and the poetess, Mrs. Clara B. Heath, has written some beauti- ful verse connected with this lake.-Notes from "State Historical Collections." V Authorities. Otis G. Hammond, Concord NEW JERSEY I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Ballads of New Jersey in the Revolution." Charles D. Platt. i90i. Bibliography of New Jersey Bibliographies," Maud E. Johnson. "Proceedings of New Jersey Histor- ical Society," April, I915. "List of Authors Born in New Jersey." Free Pub- lic Library, Newark. Newark, New Jersey, Committee of One Hun- dred "Newark Anniversary Poems." New Jersey Scrap Book of Women Writers," Margaret T. Yardley. 1893. "New Jersey Stories and Authors," Newark Even- ing News, July i6, I904. "New Jersey's Literary Life During the Revolu- tion." Chapter XVIII in "New Jersey as a Colony and a State." "Patriotic Poems of New Jersey." William C. Armstrong. "Suggestions for a New Jersey Bibliography." Wil- liam Nelson. STATE LITERATURE II LIST OF AUTHORS. Andrew, Harriet W. F., Trenton "A Woman's World Trip in a Motor" Baldwin, James, East Orange "The Sampo" Beach, Rex, Lake Hopatcong "The Spoilers" Black, Alexander, Orange "The Girl and the Guardsman" Brigham, Sarah Jeanette, East Orange "The Pleasant Land of Play" Brown, Helen Dawes, MA ountclair "Little Jean" Brown, Robert Carlton, Ridgefield "What Happened to Mary" Channon, Frank E., Vineland "An American Boy at Henley" Chittenden, William Lawrence, Mountclair "Ranch Verses" Clemens, William Montgomery, Hackensack "The Guilded Lady" Creevey, Caroline A. S., Elizabeth "Daughter of the Puritans" Crowley, Mary C., Ridgewood "A Daughter of New France" Crowell, Katherine R., East Orange "The Call of the Waters" Cutting, Mary S., Orange "The Heart of Lynn" Darlymple, Leona, Passaic "When the Yule Log Burns" Dawvson, Coingsby, Newark "The Worker" Delano, Edith B., East Orange "The White Pearl" 99 ioo OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Empey, Arthur G., Jersey City "Over the Top" Faulks, Theodosia, Elizabeth "The Joy o' Life" Field, Roswell Martin, Morristown "Little Miss Dee" Fitzhugh, Percy Keese, Hackensack "Tom Slade on the River" Ford, Nixola G., Orange "Writer of Poems and Prose" Freeman, Mary E. Wilkins, Metuchen "Winning Lady" Frothingham, Jessie P., Princeton "Sea Wolves of Seven Shores" Fuller, Caroline Macomber, Lake Wood "The Bramble Bush" Garris, Howard Poyer, Newark "The White Crystals" Gerould, Katherine F., Princeton "Vain Oblations" Goss, Warren L., Rutherford "Jack Alden" Habberton, John Westwood "Caleb Wright" Herford, Oliver, Lake Wood '"Kitten's Garden of Verses" Heyliger, William, Ridgefield Park "Captain Fair and Square" Hopkins, Alphonso Alva, Cliffside "Geraldine" Ives, Sarah Noble, Hackensack "Key to Betsy's Heart" Krause, Lyda Farrington, Princeton "A Young Savage" Kussy, Nathan, Newark "The Abyss" Larned, Augusta, Sumit "In Woods and Fields" STATE LITERATURE Lincoln, Joseph Crosby Hackensack "Cape Cod Ballads" Mabie, Louise Kennedy, Mountclair "The Wings of Pride" Mc Mahon, John Robert, Little Falls "The House that Junk Built" Mills, Weymer J., Englewood "Caroline of Courtland Street" Newell, Peter, Leonia "A Shadow Show" Norris, Mary Harriott, Morristown "The Grav House of the Quarries" Norton, Rov, Landing "The Toll of the Sea" 0 'Higgins, Harvey J., Martinsville "Don-a-Dreams" Pahlow, Gertrude Curtis B., Lawrenceville "The Guilded Chrysalis" Paton, William A., Princeton "Home Rule Ballads" Paugborn, Georgia W., Caldwell "Roman Biznet" Perry Lawrence, Glen Ridge "Holton of the Navy" Rathbone, St. George, Bloomfield "A Wizard of the Moors" Robbins, Leonard H., Newark "Jersey Jingles" Sage, Agnes, Hackensack "A Little Daughter of the Revolution" Smith, Marion C., Orange "The Road of Life" Stoddard, William O., Jr., Newark "Captain of the Cat's Paw" Stoddard, William Osborn, Madison "Boys of the Bunker Academy" Stratemeyer, Edward Newark "Frontier Series" lI0 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Sutphen, William Gilbert Van Tassel Morristown "The Gates of Chance" Sweetser, Kate D., East Orange "Book of Indian Braves" Terhune, Albert P., Pampton Lakes "The Fighter" Thompson, John Stuart, Jersey City "Estabelle" Tomilson, Paul G., Elizabeth "The Strange Gray Canoe" Tomlinson, Everett T., Elizabeth "Winning His Degree" Townsend, Edward, Waterman "A Daughter of the Tenements" Traubel, Horace, Camden "Optimos" Van Dyke, Henry, Princeton "The Grand Canyon" Von Gottschalck, Oscar H., Hackensack "Historical Sense and Nonsense" Wayne, Charles S., Point Pleasant "Anthony Kent" Wells, Carolyn, Rathway "Baubles" West, Kenyon, Mont Clair "Easter Morning" Williams, Clara A., New Providence "The Indian Wigwam" Willsie, Mrs. Honore, Cranford "The Heart of the Desert" Wheeler, Mary S., Ocean Grove "Poems for the Fireside" Wooley, Edward M., Passaic "The Castle of Gloom" Wooley, Mrs. Lazelle, F., Passaic "Faith Palmer at the Oaks" 102 STATE LITERATURE Wood, Edith E., Cape May Court House "Her Provincial Cousin" Selected from "Who's Who"-19i8-I919 III Treatment of the State in American Literature. William Nelson, in his article entitled "Suggestions for a New Jersey Bibliography," says: "We in New Jersey hear so much about our wonderful manufactures . and other matters of economic and financial in- terest that the high standing of New Jersey in the field of literature is too often overlooked. Do you know that we are distinguished as the "Mother of Poets .............. Of course you know we have had and have any number of New Jersey authors. Some of them have been widely distinguished in the field of literature." IV Notes on State Literature. New Jersey during the colonial period presented a barren literary field, with the exception of three names: John Woolman, the Quaker preacher; Samuel Smith, the historian; and Nathaniel Evans, the poet-missionary at Gloucester. During the cycle of years from 1783- I883, New Jersey had an increased literary activity in various lines of work. Governor William Livingston was a newspaper worker and a poet. Some early novel- ists are: A. S. Roe, author of "James Mlountjoy' Mrs. Sidney Harris, author of "Louie's Last Term at School"; and Henry B. Marford, author of "T'he Spur of Mon- mouth." "Berkley Hall" was the first New Jersey novel. Some early poets are Tobias Erick Biorck, who wrote "'Dissertatio Gradualis," and David Chandler, the au- thor of "Miscellaneous Works." The two poets of whom New Jersey is especially proud are Philip Freneau, who poured out his soul for American democracy, and Walt Whitman. -Notes from "Writings of William Nelson," State Historical Collections." 103 104 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN V Authorities. Mr. John Cotton Dana, Newark Mr. William Nelson, Newark VI Use in State Schools. "New Jersey uses some works of her own authors in the teaching of high school English." A. B. Meredith, Assistant Commissioner of Education. NEW MEXICO I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Catalogue of Books in English" of the "Historical Collections," No. I5, 19IO. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Cleveland, Agnes Morley. Cook, Grace MacGowan. Corbyn, Clara A. B. 1904. "La Gran Inivira, a musical mystery" Cushing, Frank Hamilton. Zuni Folk Tales, recorded and translated, i901 Horton, Marcus. Hough, Emerson. Janvier, Thomas. Lewis, Alfred Henry. Lummis, Charles F. "Land of Poco Triumpo" Newcomb, Cyrus. The Book of Algoonach, a comic account of the Mound Builders Pike, Albert, "Prose Sketches and Poems" STATE LITERATURE Poston, Charles D. "Apache Land, a poetical narrative. 1878" Renehan, Alois B. "Songs from the Black Mesa.. I9go" Spiegelberg, Mrs. Willie, "Grandma Flora's Animal Stories for Little Ones" -List furnished by (I) Miss Ethel Hickey of the State University, (2) State Historical Collections. III Treatment of the State in American Literature. A professor in the State University at Albuquerque, in speaking of the literature of New Mexico, says: "I doubt if any state in the union has really contributed more material to literature in various forms than has New Mexico." IV Notes on State Literature. The "Historical Society of New 11exico," at Santa Fe, has published about twenty numbers of its publica- tions. The Spanish element is one interesting phase of New Mexican literature. In 1904 two Biennial Reports were given, one in English and one in Spanish. Publi- cation No. i6, I9ii, is entitled "The Spanish Language in Mexico and Southern Colorado," by Aurelio M. Espi- nosa. At a meeting of the New Mexico Historical So- ciety in 1912 an address was given in Spanish by Hon. Antonio Lucero, Secretary of State. In the Historical Library we find many works on the Pueblo Indians. The Bureau of Ethnology Reports treat exhaustively of New Mexico Indians. A. F. Boudelier is the author of many novels of ancient Indian life. As for discovery and travel, there is a long list of books from Coronado down to Frederick Remington.-Notes from "Catalogue of Books in English." V Authorities. Miss Ethel A. Hickey, Albuquerque Henry Woodruff, Santa Fe 105 io6 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN NEW YORK I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Book of New York Verse." H. F. Armstrong, Put- nam, '17. "Literary New York. Its Landmarks and Associa- tions." Charles Hemstreet. "Writers of Knickerbocker New York." Grolier Club, 29 East Thirty-second St., New York, 8.oo. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Abdullah, Achnied, New York "The Red Stain" Adams, Samuel H., Ensenore "Little Miss Grouch Allen, James L., New York "The Kentucky Cardinal" Altsheler, Joseph A., New York "The Eyes of the Woods" Andrews, Mary R. S., Syracuse "The Perfect Tribute" Arnold, Winifred, Rochester "The Twins Pro and Con" Ashmun, Margaret E., New York "Stevens' Last Chance" Atherton, Gertrude F., New York "Tower of Ivery" Austin, Mary H., New York "The Woman of Genius" Bacon, Josephine D. D., Pleasantville "Smith College Stories" Bacon, Mary S. H., Sheepshead Bay "The Soul of a Woman" Bailey, Carolyn, S. New York "Songs of Happiness" STATE LITERATURE Bain, ,George G., New York "Short Story Writer" Baker, Etta I. A., New Brighton "Miss Mystery" Baker, Elsa, New York "The Book of Love" Barr, Amelia E., Richmond Hill "An Orkney Maid" Barron, Elwyn A., New York "Manders" Bartley, Nalbra, Buffalo "Paradise Auction" Bates, Josephine W., New York "Bunch Grass Stories" Bates, Margaret H., New York "Hildegarde" Bell, Raley H., New York "Words of the Wood" Benet, William R., New York "Merchants from Cathay" Benough, Elisa A., Kiamesha "The Very Young Man and the Angel Child" Betts, Craven L., Great Hills "The Promise" Biggers, Earl D., Pelham "Love Insurance" Bingham, Edfrid A., New York "The Heart of Thunder Mountain" Black, Alexander, New York "The Girl and the Guardsman" Blossom, Henry M., Jr., New York "The Only Girl" Bonner, Geraldinee, New York "The Black Eagle Mystery" Boughton, Martha A., Brooklyn "The Quest of a Soul" Brainerd, Eleanor H., New York "Pegeen" 107 io8 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Braley, Berton, New York "Sonnetts of a Freshman" Brubaker, Howard, New York "Ranny" Bullard, Arthur, New York "Comrade Yetta" Burnett, Frances H., Plandome "Little Lord Fauntleroy" Butler, Ellis P., Flushing "Pigs is Pigs" Byrne, Doun, Larchmont "Stories Without Women" Cahan, Abraham, New York "Yekl, A Tale of the New York Ghetto" Camp, Charles W., New York "The Abandoned Room" Candee, Helen C., New York "An Oklahoma Romance" Canfield, William W., Utica "Legends of the Iroquois" Carpenter, Edward C., New York "The Pipes of Pan" Case, Frances P., Wainscott "Old M1r. Davenant's Money" Cather, Willa S., New York "The Song of the Lark" Chambers, Julius, New York "Lovers Four and Maidens Five" Chambers, Robert W., New York "The Firing Line" Chambers, Stephen, Saranac Lake "The Trail of a Tenderfoot" Chapin, Anna A., New York "The Spirit of the Sea" Chapman, John J., New York "Homeric Scenes" Cheney, Anne C., New York "By the Sea" STATE LITERATURE Chester, George R., New York "A Tale of Red Roses" 2 Clark, Kate U., Brooklyn "Up the Witch Brook Road" Clark, Imogen, New York "We Four and Two More" Cobb, Irvin S., Ossining "Roughing It De Luxe Cole, Patience B., FIorest Hills "Dave's Daughter" Colton, Arthur, New York "The Cruise of the Violetta Colum, Padraic New York "WVild Earth" Comstock, Harriet T., Flatbush "Molly the Drummer" Connelly, Emma M., New York "Story of Kentucky" Cooper, Courtney R., New York "Us Kids" Cooper, Elizabeth, Riverdale "The Heart of 0 Sono San" Croy, Hamer, Forest Hills "When to Lock the Stable" Daulton, Agnes, Zena "The Marooning of Peggy" Davis, Charles B., New York "Her Own Sort" Day, Richard E., Albany "Lines in the Sand" De Jeans, Elizabeth, New York The House of Thane" De Koven, Anna F., New York "By the Waters of Babylon" DeVoore, Ann, Mamaroneck "The Kentucky Heiress" Dimock, Anthony W., Peekamose "Dick in the Everglades" log 1I0 OUTLINES OF AME RICANT Dixon, Thomas, New York "The Clansman" Dodge, Henry I., New York "Skinner's Baby" Doubleday, Russell, Garden City "Cattle Ranch to College" Dreiser, Theodore, New York "Sister Carrie" Dreiscoll, Louise, Catskill "The Metal Cheeks" Du Bois, Mary C., New York "The League of the Signet Ring" Dunne, Finley P., New York "Mr. Dooley's Philosophy" Dutton, Louise, New York "The Wishing Moon" Dwyer, James F., New York "Breath of the Jungle" Empey, Arthur G., Brooklyn "Over the Top" Ferber, Edna, New York "Buttered Side Down" Ford, James L., New York "The Third Alarm" Forman, Henry J., New York "The Captain of His Soul" Foster, Maxmillion, New York "Corrie Who" Foster, David S., Syracuse "Elinor Fenton" Foster, Thecdosia T., Verona "Lewis Elmore-Crusader" Frost, Walter A., Scarsdale "The Man Between" Gates, Ellen M. H., New York "Treasurers of Kurium" Gates, Eleanor New York "The Poor Little Rich Girl" STATE LITERATURE Garland, Hamlin, New York "The Long Trail" Gilbert, Nelson R., Little Falls "The Affair at Pine Court" Gillmore, Rufus, New York "The Opal Pin" Glass, Montague, New Rochelle "Abe and Mawruss" Gleason, Arthur H., New York "Young Hilda at the Wars" Glentworth, Marguerite L., New York "The Tenth Commandment" Goldsmith, Milton, New York "Max Geller Student" Goodrich, Arthur, New York "The Lad), Without Jewels" Goodwin, Wilder, New York "The Up Grade" Grant, Ethel W. AM., Sands Point "Indian Adventure Stories" Grey, Zane, Middleton "Rainbow Trail" Grinnell, George B., New York "Pawnee Hero Stories and Folk Tales" Guiterman, Arthur, New York "The Laughing Muse" Gregor, Elmer R., New York "The Hundred Love Songs of Kamal" Hall, Ruth, Gatskill "The Black Gown" Halsey, Rena I., Brooklyn "Blue Robin the Girl Pioneer" Hapgood, Neith B., Hastings on Hudson "Two Sons" Harben, Will N., New York "Paul Rundel" Harding, John W., New York "A Conjurer of Phantoms" II I 112 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN . Harrington, John W., New York "Juvenile and Short Story Writer" Harris, Miriam C., New York "Happy-go-Lucky" Harris, Frank New York "Great Days" Hawley, Graham, Jrrochar "A Freshman Scout at College" Hawthorne, Hildegrade, New York "A Country Interlude" Hellman, George S., New York " The Hudson" Henry, Stuart, New York "A Romance of a French Salon" Hepburn, Elizabeth N., New York "Fiction and Verse Writer" Hodges, Arthur, New York "Pincus Hood" Holley, Marietta, Pierrepont Manor "Samantha at the Centennial" Hopkins, Pauline B., New York "The Voice of the Desert" Hotchkiss, Chauncey C., Brooklyn "A Prisoner of the Sea" Horton, Marcus, Averill Park "Bred of the Desert" How, Louis, New York "The Penitentes" Howell, William D., New York "Their Silver Wedding Journey" Huntington, Helen, New York "The Moon Lady" Hurst, Fannie, New York "Every Soul Hath Its Song" Ide, Fannie 0., Brooklyn "His Little Royal Highness" Irvin, Wallace, New York "Love Sonnets of a Hoodlum" STATE LITERATURE Irving, William H., New York "The House of Mlystery" Jackson, Margaret D., Lake Placid "When Love is King Jackson, Gabriel E., New York "An Annapolis Co-ed Jenks, Tudor, Bronxville 'Truthless Tales" Jewell, Louis P., Peconic "The Great Adventure" Johnson, Margaret, Mount (Vernor "A Bunch of Keys" Johnson, Owen, New York "Stover at Yale" Jchnson, Rossitor, New York "Phaeton Rogers" Johnson, William S., New York "Nothing Else Matters" Jones, Thomas S. Sr., New York "The Path o' Dreams" Kaufman, Herbert, New York "The Dreamers" Kelland, Clarence B., Port WIashington "Pieces of Silver" Kelley, Ethel M., New York "Turn About Eleanor" Kelley, Florence F., New York "With Hoops of Steel" Kennedy, Sidney R., New York "The Lodestar" Kenyon, James B., New York "Retribution" Kilmer, Joyce, Larchmount "Summer of Love" Kingsley, Florence M., West New Brighton "The Glass House" Kitchin, William C., Schenectady "The Sin of Hannah Boyce" I I3 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Knight, Adele F., Brooklyn "Mademoiselle Celeste" Knipe, Alden, New York "Captain of the Eleven" Knipe, Emile B., New York "A Maid of '76" Knowles, Ellin, J., New York "Christmas Chimes" Kobbe, Gustav, New York "All-of-a-Sudden Carmen" Lamned, William T., New York "The Literary Zoo" Ledoux, Louis V., Hudson "Songs from the Silent Land" Lefevre, Edwin, New York "The Plunderers" Lewis, Jean 1., New York "Molly" Lewis, Margaret C., New York "The Burglar" Lewis, Sinclair, New York "Our Mr. Wrenn" Libbey, Laura J., Brooklyn "Lovers Once, but Strangers Now" Lippman, Julie M., New York "Dorothy Day" MacConnell, Sarah W., New York "Why Theodora" Macfarlane, Peter C., New York "The Quest of the Yellow Pearl" MacGrath, Harold, Syracuse "The Man on the Box" Madison, Lucy F., New York "A Maid of Salem Towne" Markham, Edwin, West New Brighton "The Man With the Hoe" Martin, Edward S., New York "A Little Brother of the Rich" I114 STATE LITERATURE Mayo, Earl W., New Rochell "A Border Rivalry" Mayo, Katherine, New York "The Standard Bearers" -McCutcheon, George B., New York "The Prince of Graustark" McFarlane, Arthur E., New York "Behind the Bolted Door" McNeil, Everett, Richmond Hill "The Boy Forty Niners" Mead, Leon, Binghasnpton "Sky Rockets" Mears, Mary M., New York "Emma Lou-Her Book" Meloney, WilliamB., Quaker Hill "The Girl of the Golden Gate" 1Meyer, Annie N., New York "The Dreamer" Miller, Alice D., New York "Calderon's Prisoner" Moffett, Cleveland, New York "A King in Rags" Moore, Charles L., New York "Poems, Antique and Modern" Morris, Gouverneur, New York "If You Touch Them They Vanish" Mulford, Clarence E., Brooklvn "Buck Peters Ranchman Norris, Kathleen, Port Washington "Undertow" Norton, Grace F., Woodlstock "The Sister of the Wind" O'Hagan, Thomas, Ithaca "Songs of the Settlement" Oppenheim, James, New York "The Nine Tenths" Osbourne, Lloyd, New York "Love the Fiddler" X115 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Oskison, John MI., New York "Only the Master Shall Praise" Oyen, Henry, Forest Iill "Gaston Olaf" Paine, Albert B., New York "The Beacon Prize Medals" Palmer, Anna C., Elmira "The Sommerville Prize" Panghorn, Frederic W., New York "In Varied Moods" Parker, Lottie, B., Great Neck "Home Spun" Patri, Angelo, New York "White Patch" Patterson, Ada, New York "By the Sage Door" Peple, Edward H., New York "The Spitfire" Piper, Margaret R., Neu York "Sylvia of the Hilltop" Poole, Erncst, New York "His Second Wifc" Porter, Harold E., Scarsdale "Henry of Navarre, Ohio" Pulitzer, Walter, New York "That Duel of the Chateau Marsanac" Purdv, Nina, New York "Four Leaf Clover" Putnam, Nina W., Nets York "When the Highborn Joined the Outfit" Rankin, Carroll W., Rochester "The Girls of Gardenville" Reeve, Arthur B., Brooklyn "The Dream Doctor" Rhoades, Cornelia H., New York "How Barbara Kept Her Promise" Richmond, Grace, Fredonia "Red Pepper's Patients" II-',' STATE LITERATURE Rider, Fremont, Grand View on Hudson "Songs of Syracuse" Robinson, Edwin A., New York "Captain Craig" Rohlfs, Anna K. G., New York "A Difficult Problem" Roof, Katherine M., New York "The Stranger at the Hearth" Ross, Clinton, Binghampton "The Scarlet Coat" Ryan, Marah E., New York "For the Soul of Rafaell" Save, WXilliam, New York "A Mvlaid of Old Virginia" Saltus, Edgar, New York "The Crimson Curtain" Sayre, Theodore, B., Brooklyn "Twio Summer Girls and I" Sawyer, Ruth, Ithaca "Seven Miles to Arden" Scollard, Clinton, New York "Lyrics of the Dawn" Scott, Leroy, New York "Partners for the Night" Scribner, Frank Cornwall on Hudson "A Maid of the Colonies" Shafer, Don C., Schoharie "Stories of an Old Dutch Town" Shawr, Adele, M., Forest Hills "The Lady of the Dynamos" Shelton, William H., New York "The Three Prisoners" Sholl, Anna McC., Neu, York "Carmichael" Singleton, Esther, New York "A Daughter of the Revolution" Skinner, Constance L., New York "Good Morning, Rosamond" 11I7 1I8 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Sleight, Mary B. "At the Manor" Slosson, Annie T., "Seven Dreamers" Smith, Ruel, P., "Jack Harvey's Adventures" Smith, Jane L. D., "Wayside Leaves" Smith, Frederick M., "The Stolen Signet" Smith, Jeanie 0. D., "Day billies" Smith, Henry E., "Circumstantial Evidence" Smith, Mary R., "The Gift of Gentians" Southworth, Gertrude V. D., "Bugle Calls of Liberty" Spears, John R., "The Port of Missing Ships" Spears, Raymond S., "Trip on the Great Lakes" Sterne, Elaine, "The Road of Ambition" Street, Julian, "Ship Bored" Strunsky, Simeon, "Belshazzar Court" Stuart, Eleanor, "Romance of Ali" Stuart, Mary A., "The Derelict" Sullivan, F. WV., "Star of the North" Switzer, Maurice "Satire and Song" Tavlor, Marv L, "Caleb French" New York New York Brooklyn Hudson Ithaca Johnstown New York New York Syracuse Little Falls Little Falls New York New York New York New York .New York New York New York Mainaroneck STATE LITERATURE Teasdale, Sara, New York "Rivers to the Sea" Terhune, Albert P., New York "The New Mlayor" Terhune, Mary V., New York "My Little Love" Thomas, Edith M., New York "A Winter Swallow" Thomas, Rowland, New York "The Little Gods" Thompson, Maravene K., New York "Persuasive Peggy" Thompson, Vance, New York "The Night Watchman" Tichborne, Josephine C. S., Poughkeepsie "All's Fair in Love" Tierman, Frances C. T., New York "Princess Nadine" Tobenkin, Eliza, New York "The House of Conrad" Tompkins, Juliet W., New York "The Top of the Morning" Tooker, L. F., Brooklyn "The Call of the Sea" Train, Arthur, New York "The Butler's Story" Train, Ethel K., New York "Bringing Out Barbara" Trask, Kate N., Saratoga Springs "Sonnets and Lyrics" Turner, George K., Haskins on Hudson "The Taskmasters" Ulmann, Albert, New York "Frederick Struther's Romance" Underwood, Edna W., New York "Songs from the Plains" Untermeyer, Louis, New York "The Younger Quire" XjIg9 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Urner, Mabel H., New York "The Married Life of Helen and Warren" Vance, Louis J., New York "The False Faces" Vandercook, Margaret W., New York "Lovers of Ambrose" Van Rensselaer, M. King, New York "Crochet Lace" Van Rensselaer, Marion G., New York "Poems" Van Zile, Edward S., New York "The Dreamers" Vermilye, Mrs. K. J., New York "A Circle in the Land" Waddell, Charles C., New York "The Girl of the Guard Line" Wagstaff, Blanche S., New York "Song of Youth" Wallace, Dillon, Beacon "The Lure of the Labrador Wild" Walsh, Thomas, Brooklyn "The Pilgrim Kings" Walsh, George E., Yonkers "Polly Comes to Woodbine" Ward, Lydia A. C., Wyoming "Under the Pines" Warren, Ina R., Buffalo "The Girdle of Friendship" Weikel, Anna H., Brooklyn "Betty Baird" Weiman, Rita, New York "Curtis Capitulates" Wharton, Edith, New York "The House of Mirth" Wheelock, John H., New York "The Human Fantasy" White Michael, A. E. New York "Lachmi Bai" 120 STATE LITERATURE White, Hervey, Woodstock "Found Dead" White, Bouck, New York "Qua Vaditis" Whitney Helen, Manhasset "The Rose of Dawn" XWhitclock, William W., New York "Foregone Verses" Widdemer, Margaret, Larchmont "Winona of the Camp Fire" Wiggins, Kate D., New York "Rebecca of Sunny Brook Farm" Wilkinson, Marguerite, Scarborough "Golden Songs of the Golden State Williams, Jesse L., New York "The Stolen Story" Williams, Martha, New York "In Jackson's Purchase" Wilson, Harry L., New York "Zig Zag Tales" Winterburn, Florence H., New York "Southern Hearts" Wolff, William A., New York "Behind the Screen" Wood, John S., New York "A Daughter of Venice" Woodrow, Nancy M. W., New York "The Black Pearl" Woodruff, Helen S., New York "The Lady of the Lighthouse" Young, Rose, New York "Petticoat Push" -Selected from "Who's Who." III Treatment of the State in American Literature. Pancoast, in his "Introduction to American Litera- ture" in his "Survey of Literature Since the War," says: I21 122 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN "But while we see that the West and South are growing in importance as factors in our literary history, the prom- inence of New York as a center of literature has been an undoubted feature of this recent period." IV Notes on State Literature. New York is the largest and richest city in the United States and supports many of the best periodicals and publishing houses and so through the rewards she offers to them has drawn to herself a great number of the leading critics and authors of the country. She has also had a share in the creation of a realistic school of fiction. She, too, supports two of the leading universities of the United States, Columbia and Cornell. On the East Side of New York in the last few years has grown up an interesting group of story tellers whose narratives are laid in the American Ghettos and whose writing is in Yiddish. Morris Adershlager is one of the most popu- lar of the new Yiddish writers, as wvell as David Brown, Barnett Botwinick, J. Libin, Solomon Levin, Leon Ko- brin, Jacob Adler, Yetta Serdatsky, Benjamin Salmano- vitch, Moses Osherovitch, Isaac Bloom, J. Epstein. -Notes from Histories of American Literature and Historical Collections. VI Use in State Schools. "The following authors' works are found in virtually all the schools and libraries of the state and in many cases are in regular use in English classes." Irving Bacheller. Harold Frederic. John Burroughs. Washington Irving. Robert W. Chambers. Hamilton Wright Mabie. James Fenimore Cooper. Theodore Roosevelt. George William Curtis. Clinton Scallard. STATE LITERATURE W. S. Dana. Walt Whitman. Mary Mapes Dodge. Sherman Williams. Paul Leicester Ford. Charles F. Wheelock, Assistant Commissioner for Secondary Education. NORTH CAROLINA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Ballads of Courageous Carolinians." M. D. Hay- wood, '14. Alfred Williams Co., Raleigh, N. C. "Libraries and Literature of North Carolina." Stephen B. Weeks. "North Carolina Poets." E. C. Brooks, Raleigh, 1914. "The Poetical Literature of North Carolina." Hight C. Moore. -"Weeks' Historical Literature of North Caro- lina." II LIST OF AUTHORS. Anderson, iIrs. E. M. "Memorial Poems" Boner, John Henry, "Boner's Lyrics" Boys, Dr. W. W. "Poems" Brown, William Hill, "Poems" Clark, Mrs. Mary Bayard, "Mosses from a Rolling Stone" Dargan, Olive Tilford, "The Cycle's Rim" Dixon, Tom, Once of North Carolina, now elsewhere "The One Woman, a novel" 123 124 OUTLINES OF AMERICANa. Duffy, Annie V. "Glenalban" Duggan, Mrs. Janie Prichard, "A Mexican Ranch" Fuller, Edwin Wiley, "Angel in the Cloud" Godfrey, Thomas, "Prince of Parthia, a novel" Gillespie, Joseph H. "Elsinore" Harrell, Ida Caroline, "Simple Southern Songs" Helper, Hinton Rowan, "Load of Gold" Hill, Theophilus Hunter, "The Star Above the Manger" Horne, Mrs. Ida Harrell, "Under the Snow" Hutchins, James H., Later of Texas. "Funeral Odes" Lindsay, M. Bottenham, "The First Shearings, a volume of poems" MIangum, A. W. "Myrtle Leaves" McDowell, Silas, "Above the Clouds" McNeill, John C. "Drudge" Miller, Mrs. Mary, "Wrood Notes" Moore, Hight C. "Select Poetry of North Carolina" Murphy, John Albert, Later of Texas. "I'he First Fallen Soldier" Oliver, Caroline Johnson, "Rubrum Lilies, poetry" Pool, Bettie Freshwater, "The Eyree and Other Southern Stories" STATE LITERATURE Reid, Christian, "Land of the Sky" Rhodes, William Henry, "Theodosia, a play" Ripley, Lila, "Heart Songs" Rockwood, Carolin Washburn, "An Adirondack Romance" Rogers, James Webb, "Lafitte" Sawyer, Lemuel, "Life of John Randolph of Roanoke" Stockard, Henry Jerome, "The Last Charge of Appomattox" Sprunt, James, "The Bell-Buoy" Thompson, S. H. "A Traitor Yet True" Vance, Robert B. "Heart Throbs from the Mountain" Whittlesey, Sarah Johnson C. "Heart-Drops from Memory's Urn" Whitsett, William Thornton, "To a Lark, a poem" -Furnished by (I) Carrie L. Broughton, State Librar- ian, (2) Bulletins State Historical Commission, (.3) Southern Literature, (4) Writings of Stephen B. Weeks. IV Notes on State Literature. The beginnings of literature in North Carolina had their roots deep in the proprietary period. The first book produced in North Carolina was "Lawson's History of North Carolina." Her early literature was influenced by her library system. Charleston had her literature dis- seminated by clubs. "The Clansman," by Dixon, an historical novel of Reconstruction Days, has been drama- 125 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN tized and is one of the most important pieces of recent North Carolina literature. A North Carolina critic says: "Charles McNeill, the "Charlotte Observer," is the most prolific writer of verse in the state." -Notes from (i) Bulletins State Historical Commiz,- sion, (2) "Libraries and Literature of North Carolina."' V Authorities. Dr. Stephen B. Weeks, Bureau of Education, Wash- ington, D. C. NORTH DAKOTA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. No printed material on her literature was found. Manuscripts on North Dakota Literature are on file in the State Historical Society in Bismarck II LIST OF AUTHORS Budlong, Minnie Clark Bismarck Dakota's Farmer Song David, Mrs. Florence B., Larimore "Poems" Foley, James W. "Winter and Summer" Hansbrough, Mrs. Mary Berri C., Devirs Lake "Leaf and Flower" Hult, Gottfried, University of North Dakota "Prairies" Raze, Floyd D., Buffalo "To a Daisy" Taylor, Charles G., Bismarck "A Prairie Flower" Young, Mrs. Ida Charles, Fargo "Where Lies the Land of Prophecy and Song" i26 STATE LITERATURE IV Notes on State Literature. -Notes furnished by (i) Prof. T. H. Kock, (2) Pub- lic Library Commission, (.3) "State Historical Collec- tions." Charles Andrews of Valley City is one of the best known authors of North Dakota. Professor T. H. Kock of the University of North Dakota is the author of a re- cent and interesting book entitled, "Pageant of the North- west." A manuscript that will soon appear in book form. and which is now in the Department of English of the University of North Dakota, is entitled "An Original Drama Pageant in Commemoration of the Shakespeare Tercentenary." There is a settlement of Swedes and Bohemians, as well as a settlement of Mennonites in North Dakota. "Collections of the State Historical So- ciety," Volume III, I910, lists a "Mennonite Biblio- graphy" of about fifty volumes. The Swedes and Bo- hemians also have some influence on her literature. There are a number of very interesting Indian Legends that are published in the "State Historical Collections," some of them being: "Story of a Medal by Its Owner," by Gun-that-guards-the-house, and "Story of Corn Silk," a Mandan legend. -Furnished by (I) "Collections of State Historical Society," Vol. III, 1910, (2) Prof. T. H. Kock, (3) Public Library Commission. VI Authorities. Miss Georgia B. Carpenter, Bismarck. OHIO I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Bibliography of the State of Ohio." Thompson. 127 128 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN "Ohio Literary Men and Women." William Henry Venable, in "History of Ohio." Randall Ryan, Vol- ume V, 1912. "Poets of Ohio." E. Venable. Stewart Kidd, 1909. "Venable's Beginnings of Literary Culture in the Ohio Valley." LIST OF AUTHORS. II Ball-rd, Julia P., juvenile author. "Little Gold Keys" Bates, Margaret Holmes, 1884- "Jasper Fairfax" Beatty, General John, i828- "The Acolhuans" Bennett, Henry Holcomb, I863- "The Flag Goes By" Bennett, John, Poet. i865. "Master Skylark" Bennett, Emerson, i822-1905. "Leni-Leoti" Bierce, Ambrose, "The Monk and the Hangman's Daughter" Bird, Helen Louisa, poet. 1826-i907. "Four O'Clocks" Bolton, Sarah Knowles, "Girls Who Became Famous" Brannan, William Penn, poet. "Saint Mary's Hospital" Brotherton, Alice Williams, poet. "Beyond the Veil" Cary, Alice, "Clovernook" Catherwood, Mary Hartwell, i847-1902. "The Romance of Dollard" Chambers, Julius, 1859- "A Mad World" STATE LITERATURE Chestnutt, Charles Waddell, i858- "The House Behind the Cedars" Collins, Maria, 1853. "Mrs. Ben Darby" Curry, Otway, poet. "The Going Forth of God" Drake, Benjamin, "The Life of Tecumseh" Dumont, Mrs. Julia L. 1794-1841. "Ashton Gray" Dunbar, Paul Lawrence, colored poet. i872-1906. "Lyrics of Sunshine and Shadow" Emmett, Daniel Decatur, I815-1904. Poet. "Dixie" Ewing, General Hugh Boyle, 1826-1905. "The Castle in the Air" Farmer, Lydia Hoyt, juvenile author. "Boys' Books of Famous Rulers" Finley, Martha, juvenile author. "The Elsie Books" Flagg, Edmund, "Francis of Valois" Flint, Timothy, 1780-1840. "Francis Berrian" Fosdick, W. W., poet. "The Maize" Gage, Mrs. Francis D. i808-1884. "Elsie Magoon" Gallizier, Uthan, i866. "Costel del Monte" Gallagher, William D., poet. "The Cardinal Bird" Goss, Charles Frederick, 1852- "The Loom of Life" Guthrie, William Norman, poet. i868- "The Drama" Hall, Judge James, 1793-i868. "Legends of the West" I29 130 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Hamby, Benjamin Russell, poet. I833-i869 "Darling Nelly Gray" Harbaugh, Thomas Chambers, x849- "Janet Sinclair" Henderson, Howard Anderson M. 1836- "Autumn Leaves" Howells, William Dean, 1837- "The Rise of Silas Lapham" James, Alice Archer Sewall, poet. 1870- "The Ballad of the Prince" Jewett, John Brown, "Tales of the Miami Country" Jewett, Susan, "The Old Corner Cupboard. 1856 Jones, Charles A., poet. I815-51. "Tecumseh" Judson, E. C. I823-I886. "The Mysteries and Miseries of New York" Kester, Paul, i869- "Tales of the Real Gipsy" Kinney, Coates, poet. 1826-1904. "Ohio Centennial Ode" Livermore, Mrs. A. D., 1856. "Zoe, or the Quadroon's Triumph" Lloyd, John W. 1849- "Elixirs" Lytle, Gen. W. H., poet. "Antony and Cleopatra" Moore, Thomas Emmett, "My Lord Farquhar" Naylor, James Ball. i86o. "In the Days of St. Clair" Opper, Frederick Burr, i857- "Happy Hooligan" Piatt, John James, poet. i835- "Lyrics of the Ohio Valley" Piatt, Sarah M. B. 1836- "The Witch in the Glass" STATE LITERATURE Picard, George Henry. 1850- "Old Boniface" Plimpton, Florus Beardsley, poet. 1830-1886. "Lewis Wetzel, a ballad" Read, Thomas Buchanan, poet. "Sheridan's Ride" Rice, Rosetta, "Mabel or Hearts Histories. i859." Riddle, Albert Gallatin, "Anslem's Cave" Roberts, Charles Humphrey, 1847- "Down the O-h-i-o, a Novel of Quaker Life" Sherwood, Katherine Margaret B. 1841- Poet. "The Logan Elm" Shreve, Thomas H. I808-53. "Drayton: An American Tale" Spears, John Randolph, 1850- "The Port of Missing Ships" Sperry, William James, poet. "A Lament for the Ancient People" Sprague, Mary Aplin, "An Earnest Trifler" Stephenson, Nathaniel, i867- "Eleanor Dayton" Stevenson, Burton Egbert, 1872- "The Quest for the Rose of Sharon" Thomas, Edith Matilda, poet. 1854- "In Sunshine Land" Thomas, Martha, 1855. "Life's Lesson, a novel" Torrence, Frederick Ridgely, poet. 1875- "The House of a Hundred Lights" Tourgee, Albian Winegar, 1838-1905. "Figs and Thistles" Watts, Mary Stanberg, x868- "Nathan Burke" Wetmore, Claude Hazelton, 1862- "The Sweepers of the Sea" 131 132 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Wilson, Byron Forsythe, poet. 1837-64. "The Old Sergeant" Woolsey, Sarah Chauncey, juvenile author. "Just Sixteen" -Selected from (I) "Poets of Ohio," (2) "Ohio Lit- erary Men and Women." III .Treatment of the State in American Literature. "The literary men and women from one or another of the eighty-eight shires of Ohio have done and are doing their full part in aiding to establish the supremacy of things true, honest, just, pure, and of good report ........ In every field of intellectual labor their energy has been ex- erted . Their aggregate contribution to the knowledge and culture of the last hundred years is copious and of an average excellence sufficiently high to command the respectful attention of the reviewer and the historian." -"Ohio Literary Men and Women." IV Notes on State Literature. We find that the founders of Ohio were not illit- erate men and so gave their attention to reading found in libraries and to printing books, the first one being "Max- well's Code," which was published in 1760. In the field of journalism and especially history she has had many well known writers and workers, for the state itself af- fords attractive themes for the politician. Among her historians are Philip V. Ness Myers and H. H. Ban- croft, a native of the state, although not now a resident of it. Dr. Gunsaulus the eloquent orator and poet, is one of her religious workers, as well as Charles Franklin Thwing, who is the author of many religious books. The pioneer novelists were Timothy Flint (0780-i840) and James Hall (1793-1868). Mrs. Julia L. Dumont (1794-1841) was the first woman to gain literary repu- tation in Ohio. Alice Carv and Harriet Beecher Stowe STATE LITERATURE were for a time residents of Ohio. William Dean How- ells is her best known novelist.-Notes from "Ohio Li- brary Men and Women." V Authorities. W. C. Mills, Columbus VI Use in State Schools. "The teaching of literature is done through regular textbooks, reading and study of classical literature, and incidentally the literature of Ohio is studied; that is, where it can be brought into the class room without too much difficulty."-C. 11. Teach, Chief Clerk Depart- ment of Public Instruction. OKLAHOMA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Abbott's History of Oklahoma." "Hill's History of Oklahoma." "Indian Folk Lore." Chinnubbic Harjo. "Strum's Oklahoma Magazine," October, 1906. "Miller's Oklahoma Sunshine." "Oklahoma Literature." An editorial in "Strum's Oklahoma Magazine," February, I908. "Posey's Poems." "Thorburn and Holcombe History of Oklahoma." II LIST OF AUTHORS. i. Some college writers are: Marie Monk. Jack McClure. Chester XWestfall. I33 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN 2. Some outside authors are: Andy Adams. Cyrus Townsend Brady. 0. Henry. 3. List of Authors: Abbott, L. J., historian. Brooke, Louisa, short story writer. Braster, Fred, "The Gong, a story of the Middle West." Clardy, Clifford C. "Yanks," original poems by various rhymsters in the American Expeditionary Force of which Mr. Clardy is a Member Coville, H. F. "Poems" Duhr, Matt, author Hughes, Marion, "Oklahoma Charley, humorous" Hunt, Mrs. Mamie Sheldon, writer. Jacobs, F. T. "The Love Life of Jesus and Mary, a poem" Miller, Freeman F., poet. Posey, Alexander. Poems. (One of the most classical Indian poets the world has produced.) Shannon, Stephen, "Pascagoula" Randolph, J. "Allies Picnic," Comedy Menu. Written while Mr. Randolph was with the American Expeditionary Force in France. Sharp, Mrs. Gazelle Stephens, "A Little Patch of Blue, poems" Stevens, Geo. W. "Birds of Oklahoma" Thoburn, J. B., poet. Webster, Mrs. P. V. B. "Oklahoma, a song" 134 STATE LITERATURE -Notes furnished by (I) Prof. E. E. Dale, (2) Prof. L. N. Morgan, (3) "Historia." III Treatment of the State in American Literature. Professor E. E. Dale, of Norman, says: "So far as I know, there has been little attempt to arrange and classi- fy the literature of Oklahoma; owing to our 'extreme newness,' our literary contribution is necessarily small, but the state is making some progress along these lines." IV Notes on State Literature. In the early days in western Oklahoma there was a certain amount of literature of a kind-songs of cowboys and of early settlers. This was followed by some serious attempts at history, biography, and fiction in the later period. On the eastern side of the state there was a certain amount of literature contributed by the Indians in early days, particularly legends and some poems. Later there came more serious attempts here also. The red man forms a basis for history, poetry, and fiction that is not to be found in any other state. Two interesting stories of Indian folklore are: "The Story of the Creek Prophet," and "The Story of the Alabama Prophet." -Notes from (I) Prof. E. E. Dale, (2) "Strum's Oklahoma Magazine." V Authorities. Professor E. E. Dale, Norman Professor Freeman Miller, Stillwater 135 J. B. Thoburn, Norniatz 136 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN OREGON I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. A list of books entitled "Oregon Authors and Ore- gon Imprints," is in the University Library at Eugene. "Literature of Oregon." Henry Meade Bland, in "The Overland," March, 1914. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Atkinson, G. H. Addresses Baker, E. D. Balch, Frederic Homer, Banks, "Oregon Boyhood" Bennett, "Prairie Flower" Brereton, R. M. Brown, Valentine, "Poems" Browne, "Political History" Butterworth, "Log School-House" Chapman, Charles Hiram, Clarke, "Pioneer Days of Oregon History" Clarke, F. H. "Morgan Rockefellers" Cole, "Visitors from Mars" Condon, Thomas, "Two Islands" Cooke, B. W. "Tears and Victory" STATE LITERATURE Cooper, J. C. "Yamhills: an Indian Romance" Cowles, E. H. "Science and Philosophy of Life" Davenport, Homer, Devlin, Thos. C. "Municipal Reform in the United States" Dosch, Arno, Duniway, Abigail Scott, Dye, Eva Emery, Eaton, Allen, "Oregon System" Eberhard, "Champoeg" Eells, Moran, Eliot, Mrs. H. R. Epsey, Edward, Gaston, Joseph, "History of Portland" Gilbert, J. Allen, "Elwin March case of Poltergeist" Gilbert, J. H. "Trade and Currency in Early Oregon" Glison, "Journal of Army Life" Goodman, Jules E. Hayes, J. W. "Tales of the Sierras" Higginson, Ella, Hines, Gustavus, Hines, H. K. Holman, F. V. "Dr. John McLoughlin" Johnson, "History of Oregon" Lord, William R. "Reminiscences of Oregon" 137 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Lx man, H. S. Lyman, William Denison, Markham, Edwin, Massett, "Drifting About" Meacham, "Wigwam and War Path" Miller, Cincinnatus Heine ("Joaquin Miller"). Nash, Wallis, "Two Years in Oregon" O'Hara, E. V. "John McLoughlin" (Pioneer Catholic History of Oregon) Parrish, "Echoes from the Valley" Pittock, Mrs. M. A. "God of Civilization" Rogers, T. H. "Nehalem" Scott, Harry Whitfield, Shafer, Joseph, Sholes, "Idle Rhymes from Oregon" Simpson, Samuel, Steele, W. G. "Mountains of Oregon" Stephens, Louise G. "Letters from an Oregon Ranch" Stitzel, Mrs. H. V. "What Came of It" Stow, "Voice of the City" Sturdevant, H. S. "Life and Adventures of an Orphan Boy" Strong, T. U. "Cathlamet on the Columbia" 138 STATE LITERATURE IJeal, J. N. "Oregon's Heritage of Natural Resources" Thatcher, G. A. Thornton, J. Quinn, "Oregon and California" Tower, W. S. "Interior World" Victor, Frances Fuller, Watters, D. A. "Trail to Boyhood" Wells, M. B. "Five Gallons of Gasoline" Williams, G. H. "Occasional Addresses" Wilson, John Fleming, Wood, C. E. S. "Masque of Lore" Woodward, "Lyrics of the Umpqua" Wright, R. C. "Indian Masonry" -Selected from "Oregon Authors and Oregon Im- prints." IV Notes on State Literature. "The year 1898 marks the beginning of the latest era of Oregon literature, when a new school started up around the Pacific Monthly Magazine. The early writ- ings were intensely serious and the early poem and es- say had a religious cast. Clarke and Miss Fearin were of this early school. At last the literature lost its sad- ness, and began to have hope and beauty significant of the dashings of the waters and the snows of the hills of the Columbia and the Williamette, for the word Oregon means, "Hear the waters." Then there is the side of Oregon literature that deals with the Indian; among these writers mention should be made of MIrs. Dye and I39 140 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN F. H. Balch."-"Literature of Oregon," by Henry Meade Bland. V Authorities. Miss Cornelia Marwin, Salem VI Use in State Schools. "In both the high schools and the grades attention is called to the writings of Oregon authors, although no text is used containing selections from her state authors." -J. A. Churchill, Superintendent of Public Instruction. PENNSYLVANIA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "A list of Publications Issued in Pennsylvania, 1685 to I734," Charles R. Hildeburn. Published by Col- lins, Philadelphia, i882. "Folklore of the Pennsylvania Germans" by J. B. Staudt Campbell, 'i6. "Notes on the Provincial Literature of Pennsyl- vania." Thomas WV. Wharton. Published in ".Memoirs of the History of Pennsylvania." "Pennsylvania German Stories and Poems," A. M. Auraund. Auraund and Sons, Beaver Springs, Pa. "Pennsylvania German Stories, Prose and Poetry," Hawthorn Press. "Pennsylvania Poets of the Provincial Period." Francis Howard Williams. Published in The Penn- sylvania Magazine, Volume XVII. "Poets and Poetry of the "Wyoming Valley," by John Stephen MXcGroarty, 1885. "Early Literature of the Pennsylvania Germans," S. W. Pennypacker. "Proceedings of Pennsylvania German Society." Volumes I-1Il, 1891-2. STATE LITERATURE 141 II LIST OF AUTHORS. I. Some early authors. Beveridge, John, Best Latin writer of verse in the province. Brienthall, Joseph, Early poet. Evans, Rev. N. 1770. Volume of Poems. Frame, Richard, "Short description of Pennsylvania. I692." Franklin, Benjamin, "Autobiography" Godfrey Thomas, "The Invitation. 1758" Griffitts, Hannah, "Poems" Holme, John, "True Relation of the Flourishing State of Pennsylvania." Hopkinson, Francis, "The Salt Box" Logan, James, poet. Makin, Thomas. "Descriptive Pennsylvania. A poem in Latin hexameter" Taylor, James, "Pennsylvania" Wright, Sussanna, poet. Wilcocks, John, poet. -Selected from "Provincial Literature on Pennsyl- vania." Some Late Authors. Baird, Jean K., Beaver "Danny" OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Barton, George, Philadelphia "The Mystery of the Red Flame" Carter, Emma S. Lincoln University "A Golden Sunset" Coates, Florence E., Philadelphia "Mine and Thine" Daly, Thomas A., Philadelphia "Songs of Wedlock" Edwards, Louise B., Philadelphia The Tu-Tze's Tower" Fish, Williston, Pittsburgh "A Last Will" Garrett, Edwin C., Philadelphia "My Bunkie and Other Ballads" Greene, Homer, Honesdale "What My Lover Said" Hare, T. Truxton, Radnor "A Junior in the Line" Hays, Margaret G., Philadelphia "Kaptin Kiddo and Puppo" Hergesheimer, Joseph West Chester "Gold and Iron" Jones, Mabel C., Harrisburg "Dolly's College Experiences" Kaufman, Reginald W., Columbia "Jarvis of Harvard" Kirk, Ellen O., Philadelphia "Marcia" Lee Alice L., Brooklyn "Junior Co-ed" Leggett, Benjamin F., Ward "An Idyl of Lake George" Lippincott, Martha S., Philadelphia "To My Valentine" Long, John Luther, Ashburne "Heimweh" Loose, Katharine R., Reading "Hearts Contending" 142 STATE LITERATURE Lutz, Grace L. H., Swarthmore "Katharine's Yesterday" Martin, Helen R., Harrisburg "Revolt of Anne Royle" McKean, Thomas, Philadelphia "The Mermaid" iM'ifflin, Lloyd, Columbia "As Twilight Falls" Miller, Henry Russel, Ben Oven "The Man Higher Up" 1XIorris, Harrison S., Philadelphia "A Duet in Lyrics" Peterson, Arthur, Philadelphia "Songs of New Sweden" Rinehart, Mary R., Sewickley "The Man in Lower Ten" Roberts, Mary E., Philadelphia "Cloth of Frieze, with J. Berg, Esenwein" Ross, John W., Philadelphia "Writer of Verse and Short Stories" Rutledge, Archibald, Mercersburg "Under the Pines" Saunders, Marshall, Philadelphia "Rose A Charlotte" Scott, John R., Gettysburg "The Duke of Oblivion" Singmaster, Elsie, Gettysburg "When Sarah Saved the Day" Siviter, Anna P., Pittsburgh "On Parole" Stevens, Thomas W., Pittsburgh "The Lesser Tragedy" Taggart, Marion A., Cresco "Beth's Old Home" Tybout, Ella M. M., Warren "The Smuggler" Wharton, Annie H., Philadelphia "A Rose of Old Quebec" I43 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Wilkinson, Elizabeth H., Pittsburgh "The Lane to Sleepy Town" Williams, Francis H., Philadelphia "The Flute Player" Wister Owen, Philadelphia "Lin McLean" Selected from "Who's Who." i9i8-i9i9 III Treatment of State in American Literature. "It is believed that no one of the states of the Union can exhibit so early, so continued, and so suc- cessful a cultivation of letters as Pennsylvania."-Thom- as L. Wharton, in "Notes on the Provincial Literature of Pennsylvania." IV Notes on State Literature. Religious controversy gave the first impulse to lit- erature. Little of the early poetry deserves to be called poetry. John Holme was probably the first Pennsyl- vania poet. Godfrey was one of the early leading poets. We find that the Germans figured largely in the early literature of Pennsylvania. W. S. Pennypacker, in his "Early Literature of the Pennsylvania Germans," says: "The Pennsylvania Dutch produced, as I have said be- fore, the largest and most ambitious work that appeared in the American Colonies. The Bible was printed in German in America three times before it was printed in English ... To them must be awarded the credit not only of our first book, but also of the earliest Penn- sylvania essays upon music, bibliography, pedagogy, and astronomy." Charles Brockden Brown, of Philadelphia, has the honor of being the first American to devote him- self exclusively to literary work. -Notes from (i) "Early Literature of the Pennsyl- vania Germans," (2) Onderdouk's History of American Literature." (3) "Provincial Literature of Pennsyl- vania." I 44 STATE LITERATURE V Authorities. Normal D. Gray, Harrisburg Dr. Morris Jastrow, Philadelphia VI Use in State Schools. "The Arbor Day Manual" contains a number of selections from Pennsylvania authors, which are used in the schools of the state." A. D. Glenn, Deputy Superin- tendent of Public Instruction. RHODE ISLAND I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "A List of Rhode Island Literary Women (1726- I892)". Fanny Prudy Palmer. Providence, i893. "A Contribution to the Bibliography and Literature of Newport, Rhode Island." Charles E. Hammett. x887. "Bibliography of Rhode Island." John Russell Bartlett. 1 864. "Some Rhode Island Contributions to the Intellec- tual Life of the Last Century." William E. Foster. Printed in the "American Antiquarian Society Proceed- ings," Volume VIII, April, i892. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Brooks, C. T. "A Guid Neck, a poem. i848" Cranston, W. H. "Poems. I878" Lee, Abby, "Little Ellen and Other Pleasing Poetic Stories. i839" Little, Mrs. Sophia, "The Branded Hand, a dramatic sketch. 1845" Manatt, Irving J. I45 146 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Peckham, C. B. "The Oriental Bath, a poem. 1884" Peckhami, Mrs. W. G. "Spring and Autumn Leaves, or New Rhymes for Little Folk by a Mother. 1876" Richard, A. M. "Dramatic Sonnets of Inward Life" Richmond, James Cook, "The Rhode Island Cottage" Stevens, Robert, "An Account of Odessa. Translated from the French. 1819" Taggart, Cynthia, "Poems. 1834" Wheeler, H. G. Cupid's Little Game, a drama in three Acts" Southeby, William, "Oberon, a Poem fron the German of Wieland. i8io" -Selected from "Bibliography of Newport." IV Notes on State Literature. In the early history of Rhode Island we find George Berkeley exerting an influence in all lines of activity, as well as in literature. He was connected with the "Lit- erary and Phiiosophical Society of Newport. This society was founded in 1730. "Alciphron," the largest and most popular of his works, was written while he was a resident of Newport. The people of Rhode Island were interested in literature and as early as 175o estab- lished the Redwood Library. -Notes from Historical Collections. SOUTH CAROLINA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "History of Literature in South Carolina." Lud- STATE LITERATURE wigh Lewischn. "The News and Courier," Charles- ton, 1903. "Writers of South Carolina." G. A. Wanchope. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Allston, Joseph Blyth, "Battle Songs" Ball, Mrs. Caroline A. "Jacket of Gray and Other Poems" Chapman, John A., poet. "The Walk" Crafts, William, "Raciad and Other Poems" Dargan, Clara Victoria, "Poems" Dargan, Mrs. Olive Tillord, "Lords and Lovers" Davidson, James Wood, "Living Writers of the South" Farmer, Henry Tudor, "Imagination" Furman, Richard, "Pleasures of Piety" Garden, Alexander, "Botanical Writings" Gaston, James McFadden, "Hunting a Home in Brazil" Grayson, William J. "Chicara" Grimke, Thomas Smith, "Addresses on Literature" Grimke, Frederick, "Ancient and Modern Literature" Gwyn, Mrs. Laura, "Poems" Hammond, Marcus Claudius Marcellus, "Essays" 147 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Harby, Isaac, "Gordion Knot, a drama" Holland, Edward Clifford, "Navajo Songs" Jervey, Mrs. Caroline Howard, "Vernon Grove" King, Mrs. Sue Petigru, "Sylvia's World" Ladd, Joseph Brown, "Poems of Aronet" Lee, Mary Elizabeth. i813-i849. "Historical Tales for Youth" Legare, James Mathews, i823-i859. "Orta-Undis" McCord, Mrs. Louisa Susannah, i8zo-8o. "My Dreams, poems" Marks, Elias, 1790-i886. "Elfreide of Guldal" Martin, Mrs. Margaret Maxwell, I807- "Poems" Moise, Penina, 1797-1830. "Fanny's Sketch-Book, poems" Murphy, Mrs. Rosalie Miller, Later of New York. "Waifs, poems" Nott, Henry Junius, 1797-1837. "Novelettes of a Traveller" Reaves, Marion Calhoun L. "Maid of Acadie" Schoolcrafft, Mrs. Mary Howard, Later of New York. "Black Gauntlet" Shindler, Mrs. Mary S. B. "Pass Under the Rod, a poem" Simmons, William Hayne. I785- "Onea,"-A Poem Simmons, James Wright. "Blue Beard" Sims, Alexander D. 1803-1848. "Bevil Faulcan" 148 STATE LITERATURE Timrod, William Henry. I792-i838. "Lyrics" Timrod, Henry, 1829-67. "Poems" Whitaker, Mrs. Mary S. i820- "Albert Hastings" Young, Edward. I8i8- "Lodge Lillian" -Selected from "Southern Literature" 2. Poets. Aiken, James, Poet Baker, Julia Aldrich, "Gleams of Truth" Black, Miss Sallie A. M. "The Chimes of St. Michael's" Burns, John Dickson, "The Foe at the Gates" Caldwell, Howard Hayne, "Death of Anderson" Clarkson, Henry M. "Evelyn" Clemson, Floride, "Poet-Skies" Cooyler, J. Gordon, "Purely Original Verse" Cummings, St. James, "Jubilee Ode" Dana, William C. "Hymns for Public Worship" Dickson, Samuel H. "South Carolina" Dinnies, Annie Peyre, "The Wife" East, Willie, "Southern Voices" Fordharn, Mary Weston, "Magnolia Leaves" 149 150 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Fowles, Mary, "The Golden Fleece" Gibbs, Frances G. "Poems" Gilman, Caroline Howard, "Poems" Gongoles, Robert Elliott, "The Isle of Heart's Desire" Griswold, Caroline, "Zaidee" Hall, Robert-Pleasant, "Poems by a South Carolinian" Hay, Samuel J. "A Health to Old Virginia" Hayne, Paul Hamilton, "The Mountain of the Lovers" Hayne, William Hamilton, "Sylvan Lyrics and Other Verse" Heyward, Mrs. Janie S. "Wild Roses" Holmes, George S. "Fous Fabulosus" Knott, John D. "Poems" Marks, Elias, "Maia A. Mask" McCrady, John, "The Force of Thought" McKinley, Carlyle, "Today and Yesterday" Meeek, Alexander B. "Lord of the South" Mercator, J. A. "The Walk" Middleton, N. Russell, "The Allegory of Plato" Mintzing, Julia C. "Poems" STATE LITERATURE Moses, Vivyan Mordaun, "Poems" Miieuck, F. "Palmetto Lyrics" Murden, Eliza, "Poems" Poyas, Catherine Gendron, "Poems" "Autumnal Musings" Requier, Augustus Julian, "Ashes of Glory" Rice, James Henry, "The Poet and the City" Richards, Margaret A. "Gleanings from a Wayside" Sass, Mr. George Herbert, "The Heart's Quest" Simons, W. G. "The Last Pleiad" Snowden, Yates, "A Carolina Bourbon" Staunton, Frank Lebby, "Songs of the Soil" Townsend, Belton, O'Neale, "Plantation Days" Vedder, Dr. Charles S. "Holland" Wilson, Governor J. L. "Cupid and Psyche" Wilson, Doctor Robert, "The Mocking Bird" Wingard, Doctor E. A. "The Church and State" -Selected from "Writers of South Carolina." 3. Novelists. Barnes, Miss Annie, "The Little Lady of the Fort" 151 152 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Barrow, Frances, Elizabeth, "Six Nightcaps" Bennett, John, "Master Shylark" Blue, Kate Lilly, "The Hand of Fate" Bond, Major 0. J. "Amzi" Brisbane, Abbott Hall, "Ralphton" Capers, Henry D. "Belleview" Chappin, Mrs. Sally, "Fitz Hugh St. Clair" Clinkseales, Professor J. F. "How Zach Came to College" Coleman, Mrs. M. W. "The Blue Chrysanthemum" Daniels, J. W. "A Maid of the Foot Hills" Deas, Miss Fanny M. P. "The Little Match Girl" De Leon, Edwin, "Askaras Kassis" De Leon, Thomas Cooper, "Creole and Puritan" Elliott, Sarah Barnwell, "Jerry" Gaillard, Mary T. "Realities of Life" Giliman, Caroline Howard, "Ruth Raymond" Gongales, Ambrose E. "Silhouettes" Hart, Thomas, "Robert Sanders" Henderson, E. P. "Autobiography of an Arab" STATE LITERATURE Hiliard, Henry Washington, "Devane" Holmes, Isaac Edward, "Recreations of George Tell Tale" Hunter, Mrs. Florella, "Annie Oakley" Jervey, Theodore D. "The Elder Brother" King, Susan P. "Busy Moments of an Idle Woman" Longstreet, Judge Augustus B. "Georgia Scenes" Maclean, Clara Dargan, "Riverlands" McCauls, Elliott Clayton, "In the Red Hills" McDowell, Silas, "Above the Clouds" McGhee, Zach, "The Dark Corner" Means, Celina E. "Thirty-Four Years" Ravenel, Mrs. H. H. "Ashurst" Reid, C. S. "Isaqueena" Robinson, Stephen T. "The Shadow of the War" Sams, Dr. Stanhope, "The Golden-Age of Poincarre" Seabrook, W. B. "Saved by a Woman" Simms, William Gilmore, "The Yemassee" Sloan, Annie L. "The Carolinians" Stillman, Anna Raymond, "How They Kept the Faith" 153 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Strickland, Theresa Hammond, "Under the Ban" Waring, Melvina Sarah, "That Sandhiller" Wells, Helena, "The Step-Mother" Young, Virginia Durant, "The Blue Hen's Chickens" -Selected from "Writers of South Carolina." III I Treatment of the State in American Literature. Professor G. A. Wanchope says: "The Palmetto State has made a splendid contribution to the political and military history of the country; her share in its liter- ary history is almost equally important and should be a source of just pride and gratulation." IV Notes on State Literature. Charleston wras at one time the literary center of America. The early literature of South Carolina was distinctively imitative of the literature of England and even after literary independence was attained, still in many respects it was very much like that of the mother country. The literature of South Carolina is essentially aesthetic or political. "The state has contributed to the national literature two poets of the first rank: Hayne and Timrod, and at least six of the second: Miss Popas, Mrs. Dargon, Legare, Grayson, McKinley, and Sass. She has furthermore produced one novelist of national importance: Wm. Gilmore Simms."-From "Writersof South Carolina." Authorities. Wm. W. Ball, Columbia E. L. Green, Columbia Professor Yates Snowden, Columbia Professor G. A. Wanchope, Columbia 154 STATE LITERATURE SOUTH DAKOTA I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Literature of South Dakota." 0. W. Coursey, Educator School Supply Co., Mitchell, S. Dakota. "South Dakota Literature." Doane Robinson. South Dakota Historical Collections, Volume VI, 19T2. "The Sunshine State." Frank L. Ransom. Con- tains a short paragraph on the "Literary Beginnings of South Dakota." II LIST OF AUTHORS. Askin, Thomas. "A Bushel of Chaff and Two Grains of Wheat, A poem" Atwater, Rev. W. D. "Told Again" Banvard, John "The Tradition of the Temple, first published verse of South Dakota" Boyles, Kate and Virgil, Yankton "The Homesteaders" Bristol, Robert, Woonsocket "Jenny Eagleheart" Burleigh, B. Wade, "The Old Oak Tree, a poem" Burns, Lawyer John, Deadwood "Memories of a Cow Pony" Byrne, Mary Agnes, juvenile writer. "Roy and Rosy Rocks" Carr, Robert V. "Black Hill Ballads" Chamberlain, Will, "Songs of the Sioux" Clover, Sam, "Zephyrs from Dakota" 155 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Crawford, Captain Jack, "The Poet Scout (Most of his verses have the local color of the Deadwood Camp)." Cummings, Mary Frances, of Vermont "Rhymes of a Life Time" Davies, Rev. James, "Threads of Gold Woven into Verse" Dickinson, Mrs. A. J. Chamberlait' "Voices of the Winds" Dillman, Will, Now of Excelsior, A'linnesota "Midst the Coteaus of Dakota" Douglas, Mrs. Aken, Fort Tiere "Beryl" Dye, Eva Emery, Not now a South Dakota Resident "The Conquest" Forrest, Asa, drama writer. "Clate Manson B. S. A." Fox, MI. L. Sioux Falls "Private Smith in the Philippines" Gates, Eleanor, "Plow Women" Garland, Hamlin, "Prairie Songs" Gilman, Stella, Hudson "Dakota Girl" Hanson, Joseph Mills, "Frontier Ballads" Holmes, Charles E. Happy Days (Said to be one of the daintiest and most scholarly collections the state has produced)." Kelley, Honorable John E. "The Age of Gold" Kingsley, Rev. Leonard, "Songs of the East and West" Lillibridge, Dr. Will 0. Sioux Falls "Ben Blair" Marquis, Judge George H. Clear Lake "Fairview's Mystery" 156 STATE LITERATURE McNeill, Thomas, "Minnesota" Meyer, Hugo, Kingsbury "A Voice of the Prairie" K Moorhead, Warren K. "Tonda. (This is said to be one of South Dakota's best "pieces of fiction") Sinnett, Rev. Charles, Carthage "The Norsk Gopher" Sloan, Mrs. Emily E. Belle Fourcht "Ballads of the Plains" Spencer, Mrs. George E. Deadwood "Calamity Jane" Stone, Matilda Wood, "Every Man His Chance" Stubbins, Thomas, Yakton "The Patriot" Swift, Flora Thornton, Yankton "Love Thoughts" Tatro, May Phillips, "Thanksgiving Souvenir" Tre Fethren, Rev. E. B. "Day Dreams and Realities" Wells, Rollin J. "Hager, dramatic verse" Wenzlaff, Gustav G. and Burleigh, B. Wade, "Dakota Rhymes" Whaley, Charles F. "Dawn of the Twentieth Century" White, Stewart Edward, "The Westerners. (This is one of South Dakota's best pieces of fiction)." Yakey, Lucy, Gann V'alley "Imported Thoughts" -Selected from "South Dakota Literature." By Doane Robinson. 157 158 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN III Treatment of the State in American Literature. Doane Robinson in South Dakota Literature says: "Though less than half a century has elapsed since Dakota effected its organization by the assembling of the first legislature, the Commonwealth has accumu- lated an extensive and respectable literature embracing more than two thousand bound volumes, and innumerable pamplets and broadside publications." IV Notes on State Literature. South Dakota has prod uiced some literature in aI lines of activity. Her philosophical writin-s have received favorable comment, especially the NTvorks of Dr. Logan and Dr. Wenzlaff. The Indian forms the background for one interesting phase of her ii erature. The chief contributions in philology have to do with the language of the Sioux Indians. One especially unique book is "Woon- spi Itakihna,"-the Book of Proverbs tranwlated into the Dakota Indian language by Rev. John B. Renville, a mixed-blood Indian. -Notes from (i) "South Dakota Literature," (2) "The Sunshie State." V Authorities. 0. WV. Coursev, MIfitchell Doane Robinson, Pierre VI Use in State Schools. "There are several collections of poems by variovs writers in the state, which are in most of the school li- braries and pupils are made more or less familiar with them, but they have not been made to take the place of standard classics in studying literature." C. H. Lugg, State Superintendent of Texas Public Instruction. STATE LITERATURE TENNESSEE I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Tennessean Literature." Chapter XVII in "His- tory of Tennessee." The Goodspeed Publishing Com- pany, 1 887. Nashville. II LIST OF AUTHORS. B-askerville, W. MX. "Anglo-Saxon Poem" Blake, Mrs. Emma M. "Reliquiae" Boyle, Virginia Fraser, "On Both Sides" Bright, Mrs. Amanda, "The Three Bernices" Brown, Martha WV. "Thou Art Growing Old, Mother" Burnett, Mrs. Frances H. England, later Tennessee "Little Lord Fauntleroy" Craddock, Charles Egbert ("Miss Murfree"). "Prophet of the Great Smoky Mountains" Crockett, Col. David, a humorist. "Sketches and Eccentricities" Cross, Mrs. Jane T. A native of Kentucky, but published books in Tennessee. "Azile," a story Franklin, Willie, Later of Texas "Al Lannnee,"-a Poem French, Mrs. L. Virginia, "Legends of the South,"-a Book of Poems Gilchrist, Mrs. Annie S. "Rosehurst" Gillespie, Mrs. Helen, Later of Texas "Tennyson's Picture,"-a Poem I59 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Graves, Mrs. Adelia C. "Ruined Lives,"-a Prose Tale Halloway, Mrs. Elizabeth, "Crag and Pine" Harris, George W. "Sut Lovingood's Yarns,"-A Humorous Book Helms, Rev. W. T. "Moses Registered" Hermes, Thomas W. "Local Mountaineers of Tennessee" Ketchum, Mrs. Annie Chambers, "Lotus Flowers" Law, Miss Annie E. Later of California "Memories,"-a Poem Mack, Rev. Robert, "Kyle Stuart" Martin, Rev. Joseph H. "Smith and Pocahontas,"- a poem McAdoo, Mrs. W. G. "Nereid" Meriweather, Mrs. Bettie, "The Master of Redleaf Murfree, Fannie D. "Felicia" Nelson, Hon. T. A. R. "East Tennessee,"-a Poem Pope, Mrs. Mary E. "The Gift of Song" Smith, Miss Zoda G. "Poems" Todd, Mr. "Woodville," a novel of East Tennessee Life -Selected from (I) "Southern Literature," (2) "His- tory of Tennessee." III Treatment of the State in American Literature. "The list of Tennessean authors found in works de- i6o STATE LITERATURE voted to that subject is not so large as that of other South- ern States. It has been said: "The fame of a great man needs time to give it perspective.' This is essentially true of authors, and it remains for the future biographer, after time has done its work in giving due perspective to the great minds of our state, to do justice to the merits and work of Tennessee's eminent literary laborers.-Notes from "History of Tennessee." IV Notes on State Liteiature. The early writings of Tennessee were of an histor- ical, biographical or religious character. Some early his- torians are: Judge John Haywood, Dr. J. M. M. Ram- sey, and A. Waldo Putnam. 'Miss MAlary M. M urfree, whose pseudonyin is Charles Egbert Craddock, was one of the best known of Tennessean women writers, of whom it is said that her first publication entitled her to the front rank among novelists. MIrs. L. Virginia French was a literary worker and a poet of ability.-Notes from "His- tory of Tennessee." TEXAS I -Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Lone Star Ballads." Allen. 1874. "Poets and Poetry of Texas." Dixon. "Texas Literature Reader," 'i6. D. F. Eagleton, Southern Publishing Co., Dallas, Texas. "Women Writers of Texas." Mrs. Taylor. "Writers and Writings of Texas." David Foute Eagleton. Broadway Publishing Company, New York. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Adams, Andy, "The Texas Flag" i6i 162 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Allan, Francis D. Galveston "Lone Star Ballads" Allison, Dr. J. T. Gladewater "Della Dorne,"-a Poem Archer, Dr. G. W. "Tales of Texas" Bacon, Miss Julia B. Georgia, later Texas "Looking for the Fairies" Badger, Mrs. Elizabeth M. W. Florida, later Gonzales Texas "Silent Influence,"-a Poem Baker, Mrs. Karle Wilson, Arkansas, later Nacogoches, Texas "The Heart Knoweth" Barr, Mrs. Amelia Edith H. Texas, later New York City City. "Remember the Alamo" Barrett, Rev. Robert, Kentucky, later Texas "In the Land of the Sunrise" Barton, William, Austin "The Texan's Song of Liberty" Beach, Miss Katie Luling, "Christmas on the Frontier" Bedford, Mrs. Lou S. Kentucky, later Texas "A Vision,"-and Other Poems Billings, Mrs. Mary C. Hico "The Wonderful Christmas Tree" Blount, Edward A. Nacogdoches "Poems" Bremond, Mrs. Paul, Houston "Lillian's Promise,"-a Drama Brown, Mrs. Jennie H. El Campo "Volume of Poems" Cave, E. W. "Saint Allan's Lone Star Ballads" Crowell, Chester T. Ohio, later Austin "Short Story Writer STATE LITERATURE Daffan, 1Miss Katie, Austin "Texas Hero Stories" Donnelly, Mrs. Elizabeth 0., Georgia, later Texas "Cactus" Dargan, Mrs. Fannie Baker, Alabama, later Texas "Grandmother's Baby,"- a Poem Dargan, Mrs. Olive T. Missouri, later Texas "Lords and Lovers" Davis, Mrs. Mollie M. Alabama, later Texas "Minding the Gap" Dixon, Sam H. "Poets and Poetry of Texas" Duval, John C. Kentucky, later Texas "Uncle Seth's Bear Hunt" Elliott, Col. John F. Dallas "Avenged,"-a Poem Fontaine, Lamar, Texas, later Georgia "All Quiet Along the Potomac" Fonte, Mrs. Laura Bibb, Alabama, later Texas. "Ruse D'Amour" Gerald, Miss Florence M. Mississippi, later Texats "The Lays of the Republic" Gorham, Miss Iona Oakley, Galveston "Naval Cadet Carlyle's Grove,"-a Novel Gorham, Mrs. H. C. L. Fort Worth "Afternoon Stories" Guilot, Miss May Eugenia, Dallas "Origin of the Willow Tree" Harby, Mrs. Lee Cohen, South Carolina, later Texas "Christmas before the War" Holland, S. J. Austin "Heart to Heart Poems" Jackson, Pearl Cashel, Austin "The Legend of the Poinsettia" Jobe, Mrs. Eugenia Lockhart, "The Cowboy's Bride" Lawhon, Luther, poet, Justin "A Wreath of Immortelles" i63 I64 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN eslie, Lella Mlaud, poet, "Mother's Grave" Lessina, M rs. Edith, poet, 11aco "Beautiful Hands" Lorrax, To'n Avery, i\Iississippi, later Texas "Cowbov Songs and Frontier Ballads" Lyne, Monroe, "Grito: From the Alamo to San Jacinto,"-a Novel" McClellan, MrS.. Frank. Bowden, now Lincoln, Nebr. "The Tread of Marching Feet" McNealus, Mrs. Virginia I. G. "Women of Song and Story" Nelson, Harve Preston, Alabama, later Greenville, Texas "Because You Love Me" Orgain, Mrs. Kate Alma, Temple "Southern Authors in Poetry and Prose" Porter, Sydney ("O. Henry"), Texas, later New York "The Trimmed Lamp" Piner, Howell Lake, Kentucky, later Denison, Texas "Ruth,"- a Romance of the Civil War Raines, C. W. Georgia, later Austin, Texas "Bibliography of Texas" Reed, Opie, novelist. "In the Alamo" Reid, Captain, Mayne, "The Lone Ranch,"-a Tale of the Staked Plains Rosser, John C. Georgia, later Texas Short Story Writer Shepherd, Seth, "Siege and Fall of the Alamo" Shortridge, Mrs. Bell Hunt, Terrell "Lone Star Lights,"-Poems Simcox, French, Virginia, later Halletsville, Texas "A Study of Nature and Other Poems" Taylor, Mrs. Bride Neill, Austin "Woman Writers of Texas" STATE LITERATURE Townsend, Mrs. Ashley, New York, later Galveston "The Bather and the Wind" Welborn, Drummond, "An American Epic and Other Poems" West, Mrs. Florence Duval, Florida, later Austin, Texas "The Land of the Lotus Eaters" Whitten, Mirs. Martha E. H. Austin "Texas Garlands" -Selected from "Writers and Writings of Texas." III Treatment of the State in American Literature. "The freshness, joy, and insouciance of the body of Texas literature is most delightful ........ England, France, Canada, besides New England and the Great Weest, are bearing enthusiastic testimony to the worth and interest of the literary output of Texas in the present time."- David Fonte Eagleton. 'V Notes on State Literature. The literary history of Texas may be divided ac- cording to very irregular lines of social life thus: the times of the pioneer, a period of exploration and settlement to 1836; a formative or constructive period to i869; and an industrial and cultural period to the present. The lit- erature of Texas has always been a reflection of the life of the people and is unique in that it has never had an in- fantile period. There are six hundred writers, either living within the state or writing about it. Sam Houston, David Crockett, -Mrs. Ray, and MSIrs. Hally were some verv earls Texas writers. Augusta Evans, Amelia Barr, Capt. Mayne Reid, Sidney Laniei, Opie Reed, Octave Thanet, and Harry Flash are among those who have vis- ited Texas and have written of it.-Notes from "Writers and Writings of Texas." i65 i66 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Mrs. Larry Chittenden, Miss Katie Daffan, David Fonte Eagleton, H. L. Piner, John Sijolander, V Afnson X ustin Sherman Denison Cedar Bay o u VI Use in State Schools. "The Writers and Writings of Texas" was pro- duced partly that it might be used as a textbook in the schools of the state. "Payne's Southern Literature Read- ings" are used to some ex':nt in the public schools of Texas."-W. F. Dougherty, Texas State Superintendent. UTAH II LIST OF AUTHORS. Bancroft, H. H. "History of Utah" Curtis, IMrs. Orilla. "Utah, a poem read at the Federation of Women's Clubs in Utah in I896" I)unn, James, "A Tooelean Poet" F ales, William E. S. "Wasataka Springs" Stenhouse, T. B. H. "Rocky Mountain Saints" Wood, H. L. "A Surfeit and More" -Selected from. "A History of Utah." IV Notes on State Literature. In Utah we come upon a series of interesting social phenomena, where the founding of the state grew out of STATE LITERATURE the founding of a new religion. Mormonism has given a peculiar touch to much of her literature. -In early history we have the fables of the Baron la Houtan, writ- ten in i869, to which some refer for the first information of the Great Salt Lake. Susa Young Gates is probably the best known Utahian author. -Notes from "Journal of History" a quarterly publication in Iowa on Mormon- ism, 19IO. V Authorities. Susa Young Gates, Salt Lake City Professor 0. J. P. Widstoe, Salt Lake City VERMONT I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Bibliography of Vermont." A list of books and pamphlets relating in any way to the state. A/1. D. Gil- man. Published by Free Press Association, Burlington, I897- "Green Mountain Poets." A. J. Sanborn. Lee Shepherd, Claremont, New Hampshire. "Poets and Poetry of Vermont." Abbey Maria Hemenwav. Geo. A. Tuttle Co., Rutland, I859. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Allen, John Johnson, 1887- "Post Prandial Poem" Arnold, Josias Lyndon, "Poems. 1790" Bartholomew, Samuel, "Poems." i8oo Briggs, F. J. "Song of Moses and the Lamb. I1835" i67 x68 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Buck, J. S. "Milwaukee's Early Days, an Historical poem. i874" Bt!ckharr, James, "Lora, a romance in verse. I88I" Campbell, Edward R. "The Heroine of Scutari. i857" Cutts, Mary, "The Autobiography of a Clock, a poem. i852" Dana, Mrs. Eliza A. "Gathered Leaves. i864" Davis, Miss Mary E. "Glenorie, a poem. 1877" Davis, Miss Minnie S. "The Harvest of Love, a story. I859" Dorr, Mrs. Julia C. R. "Farmnidale, a novel. i854" Dow, Ann Elizabeth, "Life and Adventures of Ann Elizabeth Dow. i845" Dow, Peggy, "A Collection of Poetry. I8x8" Eaton, Mrs. Marcia Jane, "Poems. 1876" Elliot, James, "The Poetical and Miscellaneous Works of James Elliot. 1798" Fessenden, T. G. "The Ladies' Monitor. i815" Goldsmith, Olive, "The Deserted Village. i8i9" Gridley, Selah, "Mill of the Muses. 1830 Hungerford, Rev. Edward, "The Migration of Fairies, a story. i859" Humting, George Field, "Vim, a poem. 1875" Jackson, Daniel, "Aionzo and Melissa. 1X824" STATE LITERATURE Jilson, Clark, "Inklings of Song. 1851" Lane, Gilbert Cooke, "Poems" Land, Mrs. Rebecca, "Miscellaneous Poems. 1820" Luce, Samuel S. and Hannah G. "Poems. i876" Marsh, Mrs. George P. "Wolfe of the Knoll. 186o" McKeen, Miss Phebe F. "Theodora. 1875" Moore, H. L. B. "Poetical Precepts. i863" Morehouse, Mrs. Carrie Warner, "The Legend of Psyche. 1887" Peck, John, "A Poem in Opposition to the Doctrine of Universal Sal- vation. 1805" Perkins, Norman C. "The June Training. 1878" Perrin, Rev. William, "The Accident. I8i5" Phillips, Charles, "The Emerald Isle. 1815" Robinson, Rowland E. "Uncle Lisha's Shop. i887" Rowson, Susanna, "Charlotte Temple. 1815" Saxe, John Godfrey, "Poems of John Godfrew Saxe. 1873 Scott, Mrs. 0. W. "The Gilead Guards. I891" Scott, Thomas, "The Force of Truth. 18i9" Seaver, Miss Emily, "Poems. i878" I69 170 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Selden, Almira, "Effusions of the Heart. 1820" Simmons, James, "The Early Settler, a poem. 1874" Spencer G. D. "A Poem on the Hubbardton Raid. I88o" Sprague, Miss Achsa, "The Poet and Other Poems. I864" Steele, Zadock, "The Indian Captive. i8I8" Thompson, Daniel P. "The Green Mountain Boys. 1840" Thorn, Leonard C. "Our Mountain Vale. i854" Torry, AIary C. "America, a dramatic poem. 1863" Walker, Jesse, "Poems. I854" Walter, Rowland. "A Volume of Poems on the Welch Language. 1872" Washington, Mrs. Lucy H. "Echoes of Song. i878" Watrons, Miss Sophia, "The Gift. i84I" Whitney, Hiram Rawson, "Heart Lyrics. i868" Whittier, John G. "The Song of the Vermonteers. 1779" Wing, Joseph A. "Pluck. 1878" Woodworth, Samuel, "The Battle of Plattsburgh. I8ii" Wright, N, H. "The Fall of Plymyra. 18I7" -Selected from "Bibliography of Vermont." STATE LITERATURE VIRGINIA I I. Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "A Partial List of Virginia Authors and Their Works." Mirs. Katherine S. G. Paul. 1892. "Arcade Echoes." Poems selected from the Virgin- ia University Magazine." Thomas L. Wood. Lippin- cott, Philadelphia, i890. "Bibliography of Virginia." Earl G. Sweem. In "Bulletin of Virginia State Library," Volume VIII. "Literature of Colonial Virginia." Carl Hollidav, In "American Historical Magazine," Volume IV, Jqnu- arv-March. "Literature of the Virginians." Ogden. Independent Publishing Company. "Literature of Virginia." Professor Beverly Tuck- er, it, "Southern Literary Messenger." Volume IV, 1838. "Poets of Virginia." Painter. "Virginia Literature, Including a Checklist of Vir- ginia Writers," a thesis presented to the University of Virginia for part requirements of a Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, in I903, by Carol Mkontgomery Newman. Published by Smith Bros., Pulaski, Virginia. "Virginia Women in Literature," a partial list. Ella Marshall Thomas. B. T. Johnson Publishing Com- pany, Richmond, Virginia, 1902. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Allmond, Marcus Blakely, "Estelle, an idyl of old Virginia. I896" Anthony, Matilda, "Poems by Matilda. i850" Astrop, Robert Francis, "Original Poems. 1835" Boissean, Sterling, "Scenes of Childhood, a poem. igog" I7 I 172 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Boone, Henry Burnharn, "Eastover Court House, a novel. i901" Bosher, Kate Langley, "How It Happened. 1914" Bowers, Charles William, "Newspaper Wastebasket. i906" Boyd, Mrs. Lavinia, "The Sorrows of Nancy. 1899" Branch, William, Jr. "Life, a poem in three books. 18i9" Broaddus, Annie Maude, "Poems" Brock, Sallie A. "The Southern Amaranth. 1869" Bryce, Clarence Archibald, "Kitty Dixon. 1907" Burgwyn, Collinson Pierrepont Edwards, "The Huguenot Lovers, a tale of the Old Dominion. i889" Caplon, Millon, "Some Class, humorous" Capplemann, Josie Franzee, "Heart Songs. I899" Carruthers, William Alexander, "The Cavaliers of Virginia. 1834" Carter, Bernard M. "Poems" 1824 Castleman, Virginia Carter, "Pocahontas, a poem. 1907" Clarkson, Henry Wabyck, "Songs of Love and War. i9i0" Clayton, Graham, "Among the Hills. i886" Conrad, Thomas Nelson, "A Confederate Spy. i892" Conway, Moncare Daniel, "Pine and Palm. I887" STATE LITERATURE Cooke, John Eaton, "Beatrice Hallam" Cotten, Sallie Southall, "The White Doe. igoi" Dubney, Richard, "Poems Original and Translated. i815" Davis, John, "First Settlers of Virginia, an historical novel. i8o6" Davis, Mary Dinguid, "She waited Patiently. 9ao" Davis, Varnice Anne Jefferson, "A Romance of Summer Seas. 1898" Ewell, Alice Maude, "The Heart of Old Virginia. 1907" Figg, Royall W. "Where Men Only Dare to Go. i885" Fowlkes, Miss Hyde, "Poems. 191I" Fox, John, "The Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come" Frith, Gilbert R. "Ode to Virginia. i885" Goodwin, Mrs. Maud, "White Aprons, a romance of Bacon's Rebellion, Vir- ginia. 1676" Gordon, James Lindsay, "Ballads of the Sunlit Years. 1904" Gordon, Arminstead Churchill, "Befo' de War" Gordon, W. F. "The Secession of Virginia, a poem. i897" Goss, Warren Lee, "Recollections of a Private. 1890" Hall, Granville Davison, "Daughter of the Elm. 1907" Hargrave, Will Lofton, "Wallannah. 1902" 173 174 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Harrison, Mrs. Burton, "Flower de Hundred, story of a Virginia Plantation. 1890" Hatchett, WIamie Lamkin, "Myra, a novel. i884" Haw, Mary Jane, "The Beechwood Tragedy. 1899" Heath, James Ewell, "Edge-hill, a novel. 1828" Hewitt, John H. "War, a poem. i862" Hope, James Barron, "Leoni Di Monata. 1857" Ives, Mrs. Cora Seninees, "The Princess of the M\foon, a Confederate fairY story i869" Johnson, George Sands, "Ballads of the Deacons. 19i0" La Selle, E. P. "A True Virginia. I893" Lee, James Hampton, "Letters of Two. 1901" Leigh, Phillip, "Lillian's Marriage and Murder" Lewis, John, "Flowers and Weeds of the Old Dominion. 1858" Littleford, Mrs. "The Wreath. 1838" Lomax, Judith, (A native of Virginia.) 'The Notes of an American Lyre. 1813" Lippincote, J. B. "The Aviator's Hymn. Widely used in Services for Aviators" McDanies, H. Pleasants, "War Poems. 1861-65" vlcMechen. James H. "Legends of the Valley. i877" STATE LITERATURE Margruder, Julia, "Miss Ayr of Virginia. i896"' Magill, Alary Tucker, "The Holcombes, a story of Virginia home life. 1871" Manly, Louise, "Southern Literature. 1895" Marr, Fannie H. "Virginia and Other Poems. i88i" Mary, Gertrude, "Philip Randolph," a tale of Virginia. I854" Mayo, Joseph, "Woodbourne," a novel of the Revolutionary Period in Virginia. I884. MXiorrison, Daniel S. "The Sea-Chief's Daughters" i902 Neale, Walter, "The Betrayal," a novel. i9io Nelson, James Poyntz, "Bella and Other Virginia Stories" 1914 Odell, Edison Kenny, "The Romance of Pocahontas" a poem. I9I2 Page, J. W. "Uncle Robin in His Cabin in Virginia and Tom With- out One in Boston. i853" Page, Thomas Nelson, "Marse Chon," a Tale of Old Virginia. 1885 Price, James H. (A Virginian.) "Don Poez," a poem. 1847 Robertson, J. "Virginia," a metrical romance. 1825 Robins, Sally Nelson, "A Man's Reach" Ryals, J. V. "Yankee Doodle Dixie," illustrating Virginia life and love in a country home. i890 Terhune, Mrs. Mary Virginia ("Harland"). "In Our Country," stories of Old Virginia Life. i9oi 175 176 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Thompson, John Reuben, "Virginia," a poem. 1856 Thurstan, Lucy Mecham, "A Girl of Virginia" 1902 Tyler, Robert, (A Virginian). "Ahasuerus," a poem. 1842 Wharton, John, "The Virginia Wreath" 1814 -Selected from "Bibliography of Virginia." Later names furnished by W. G. Stanard of the Virginia His- torical Society. IV Notes on State Literature. Early literature in Virginia was influenced by her aristocratic population. The negro had his place in Vir- ginian literature. The poetical beginnings in the early colonial period began in translations. "Hearts of Oak," written by David Garrick in 1766, was the first literary work of importance composed in America. During the Revolutionary Period her literature was mostly a war literature and many of her authors were soldiers. The novels of the period before the Civil War were historical narratives that hardly ever had any critical spirit. Dur- ing the Ante-bellum Period political aggressiveness and sectional pride can be seen in her literature.-Notes from Histories of American Literature. V Authorities. Earl G. Swem, Richmond VI Use in State Schools. "Especial attention is paid in the public schools to the works of Mary Johnson, John Esten Cooke, and Thomas Nelson Page." -E. R. Chesterman, Secretary State Board of Edu- cation. STATE LITERATURE WASHINGTON I Biographies and Histories of Literature. "Hundred and Sixty Books by Washington Au- thors," 'I6. S. W. Hassell, Everett, Washington. Mrs. S. W. Hassell, of Everett, Washington, as chairman of one of the "Federation Clubs of Women of Washington," has written for this Club a paper en- titled "Washington Authorship." As far as is known, this is the only attempt to do this by Women's Clubs in any state. The Seattle Public Library has a printed list of all books by Washington authors. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Anderson, Mrs. Ida Woodruff, "The Rim of the Desert" Beaton, Welford, "The City That Built Itself" Beaton, Kenneth C., Now of California "Ye Towne Gossip" Best Mrs. J. B., juvenile writer. "Yankee Doodle Book" Buskett, Nancy, "Fingers That See" Crawford, Minnie Leola, 7'acoma "Seven Weeks in the Orient" Fisher, Sophie M. C. Seattle "Rhododendrons" Fitch-Brewer, Mrs. Annette, "The Story of a Mother-Love" Gomer, Mrs. Cornelia, Seattle "Seth Alills and the Sacred Fire" Goodwin, Sara Byrne, Seattle "Magazine Writer" 177 178 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Harriman, Alice, "Poet and Short Story Writer" Haskins, Jessie, and Mrs. Ella Hally, Spokane "The M1lan With the Scar" Hassell, Mrs. R. B. Everett "Club Stories" Higginson, Mrs. Ella R. Bellingham "M1ariella: of Out West" Himmelwright, A. L. Artman, "In the Heart of Bitter-root Mountains" Judson, Katharine Berry, Seattle "Myths and Legends of the Pacific Northwest" Lyman, Professor W. D. Walla Walla "Columbia River" Meany, Professor, .Se0tle "Pioneer Days on Puget Sound" Padelford, Professor, Seattle "Essayist" Roberson, Harriette D. Spokane "Mary of Magdale" Strahorn, Carrie Adel, Spokane "Fifteen Thousand Miles by Stage" Tooker, Gertrude F. Marysville "Every Child, a drama" Williams, John H. "Yosemite and the High Sierras' Woodbridge, T. W. Tacoma "That Something" -Selected from a paper entitled "Washington Au- thorship." Mrs. R. B. Hassell. V Authorities. Mrs. R. B. Hassell, Everett Professor Meany, University of Washington STATE LITERATURE WEST VIRGINIA I Bibl'ogrraphies and Histories of Literature. "Bibliography of the Literature of West Virginia," in Virgil A. Lewis' Third Bienmiial Report of the De- partment of Archives and History of the State of West Virginia. "The Development of Literature in West Virginia," Mary Meek Atkeson in "Semi-Centenial History of West Virginia," 1913. "West Virginia Writers," 1669-u1I3, Mary Meek Atkeson. A Master's thesis, giving a complete biblio- graphy. II LIST OF AUTHORS. Atkison, Geo. W. "Among the Moonshiners. 188i" Barbe, Waitman, l! organtown "Ashes and Incense" Benedict, Frank Lee, St. Albans "Mv Daughter Elinor" Bland, Frances Moore, Weston "Twilight Reveries. 1900" Blennerhassett, Margaret Agnew, "The Widow of the Rock. 1823" Brown, William Perry, Glenville "A Sea Island Romance. 1888" Cooke, Philip Pendleton, Martinsburg "Froissart Ballads and Other Poerns. 1847" Cornwell, Marshall S. "Wheat and Chaff. 1899" Davis, Rebecca Harding, Wheeling "Life in the Tron Mills. x86i" Doddridge, "Logan the Last of the Race of Shibellemus. 1823" 179 i8o OUTLINES OF AMERICAN English, Thomas Dunn, "American Ballads. 1882" Fearnow, Martin Luther, "A Modern Crusade. I899" French, Minnie Reed, Bluefield "A Little Court of Yesterday. 1900" Haddox, Ella Maxwell, Charleston Poems of Sentiment 1912" Hall, Granville Davisson, "The Daughter of the Elm. 1899" Harrison, Henry Sydnor, Charleston "Queed. I9i1" Harvey, William H. "Coins' Financial School. 1892" Johnson, Lena Leota. "Nonie, a novel. I898' Jones, Col. Buehring H. Lewisburg "Prison Prose and Poetrv. i868" Jones, Sarah J. Buffalo Writer of Sunday School Stories Jones, J. 1'IcHenry, "Hearts of Gold" 1896 Kenny, Edward B. Charleston "Lyrics of the Hills" I902 Kenny, Patrick, "Wayside Thoughts" I903 Lees, Thomas J. Wheeling "Musings of a Carol" Leighton, Wm., Jr. Wheeling "The Price of the Present Paid by the Past" i88i Lewis, John, "The Rescue" i845 Lucas, Daniel Bedinger, Charleston "The Land Where We Were Drawing" i865 Lucas, Virginia, Charleston "Wild Flowers" MacRae, Duncan, "The Quaint Family of Three" 1902 STATE LITERATURE Magill, Mary Tucker, "Novelist" Maxwell, Hu, "Idyls of the Golden Shore." i889 Miller, Mrs. Alexander McVeigh, Anderson "The Bride of the Tomb." i88i Montague, Margaret Prescott, "The Poet, Miss Kate and I" i906 Morton, Oren F. "Winning or Losing" i9oi Oldham, Callie Bruce, Moundsville "Down South in Dixie" Pollock, Bernice McCally, "Hortense" 1902 Post, Melville Davisson, "Dwellers in the Hills" i9oi Siviter, Anna Pierpont, Fairmount "Nehe" 190i Smart, Frank Preston, Parkersburg "Poet and Contributor to Magazines" Swisher, Howard L. "Briar Blossoms" i899 Wertz, W. W. "Malinda" 1907 Whisner, Will C. "Mark Ellis" 1899 Withers, Emma, Glenville "Wildwood Chimes" i891 Woods, Katherine, Wheeling "Metgeratt Shoemaker" -Selected from "Development of Literature in West Virginia." Mary Meek Atkeson. III Treatment of the State in American Literature. "Altogether, West Virginia has reason to be proud of her literature. There are many writers who have won I8i 182 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN fame for themselves and honor for their state."-Mary Weeks Atkeson, in "Development of Literature in WVest Virginia." IV Notes on State Literature. There are four periods of West Virginian literature which correspond in a rough way to its historical periods. The first extends from 1669-1823 and is the Period of Exploration and Travel. The literature of this period consisted of diaries and journals, folk songs, and wild and improbable stories that laid the foundation for later literature. The Period of Reminiscences of Indian WVars and Early Literature, 1823-1861, was the period when real literature began and the first book of verse, "The Widow of the Rock," by Margaret Agnew Blennerhas- sett, the first drama, 'Logan the Last of the Race of Shibellemus," by Doddridge, and the first novel, "The Tennesseean," by Anne Royall, were published. The Period of Civil War and Reconstruction extends from I86i-1885. There is now a decided change in literature into which the spirit of war enters, for the writers for the most part were participants in the struggle. So we have the Civil War tales, "Four Years a Soldier," by David E. Johnson, and the "Flying Gray-Haired Yank."' Much verse was written during this period. The Period of the Development of the State extends from i865-I913. We now find many poets and novelists and many books giving sketches of the mountain people, as "Among Moonshiners," by Geo. W. Atkisen, and "Dwellers in the Hills," by Davisson Post. -Notes from "The Development of Literature in West Virginia." Mlary Meek Atkeson. V Authorities. Alarv Meek Atkeson, Norgan:town Dr. Waitman Barbe, MIorqantown STATE LITERATURE VI Use in State Schools. "Probably one or two poems by Dr. Barbe are rather extensively used in the schools.-IMIary Mcek At- keson. WISCONSIN I Bibliographies and Histories of Literature. "Bibliography of Wisconsin Authors." Published by the Wisconsin State Historical Society. i893. 0.75. "In the World of Letters, Science, and Art" in "Wisconsin in Three Centuries," Volume IV, Chapter VII, 1906. "List of Books by Wisconsin Authors." Exhibited by the Wisconsin State Historical Society at the World's Columbia Exposition in 1893. "Wisconsin Sonnets." C. H. Winke, Badger Pub. Co., Milwaukee, Wisconsin. II LIST OF AUTHORS. x. XVisconsin Authors. Anderson, Rasmus B., translator. "Synnove Solbakken. 1882" Campbell, Florence M. "Jack's Afire. 1887" French, Bella, "Struggling up to the Light. 1876" Gale, Laura, novelist. Giles, Ella A. "Bachelor Ben. 1875" Griswold, Hattie T. "Waiting on Destiny. 1889" King, Charles, "XIarion's Faith. 1886" Moore, Aubertine \Voodward, "The Spell--bound Fiddler. 1884" i83 184 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN Peck, George W. "Adventures of one Terence McGrant. 1371" Pomeroy, Marcus M. "Gold-dust: for the Beautifying of Lives and Homes. 1871" Tascher, Julia M. "Arbutus and Dandelions. 1883" Teetzel, Frances G. "The Dynamite Cartridge. 1885" Warren, Mary E. "Compensation: A Tale of Temperance. i887" 2. Wisconsin Poets. Baker, Myron E. "Vacation Thoughts. 1887" Beadle, Jane E. "The Play of Gold. 1887" Burdick, C. R. "Before the Dawn. i872" Chamberlain, Mrs. M. H. "Wayside Flowers. I862" Clark, Julia and Medora, "Driftwood. 1878" Crawford, Alice A. "A Few Thoughts for a Few Friends. i875" Durward, B. T. "Wild Flowers of Wisconsin. i872" Giles, Ella A. "Flowers of the Spirit. I89I" Gregory, John G. A Beauty of Thebes. I892" Houghton, William, "Sylvicola, or Songs From the Backwoods. i875" Knowles, Louise J. "Thoughts in Meter. I889" Luce, Samuel S. "Echoes of the Past. i88i" McKenna, Maurice, Poems, Rhymes, and Verses. i890" STATE LITERATURE MacMurray, Thomas J. "The Legend of Delaware Valley. 1877" Manville, Helen A. "Heart Echoes. i875" Manville, Marion, "Over the Divide. i888" Maerklin, Edmond, - "In Strome der Zeit. i886" Mayers, Charles G. "Mendota, the Spirit of the Lakes. i88I" Mitchell, John, "Poetical Works. i883" Moore, Ada J. "Under the Pines. 1875" Perry, Charlotte A. "Charlotta Perry's Poems. 1888" Pomroy, Marcus M. "Songs from the Heart. 1877" Rexford, Eben E. "Brother and Lover. 1887" Richardson, Genessee, "My Castle in the Air. 1892" Richmond, Elizabeth Y. "Poems of Western Land. i875" Standish, Barney H. "Among the Dells. 1885" Steinlein, Augustus, "Bunte Blutcher. 1884" Wilcox, Ella Wheeler, "Drops of Water. I884" -Selected from "List of Books by Wisconsin Auth- ors." III Treatment of the State in American Literature. "Brief as has been the period of its statehood Wis- consin has made generous contribution to the world of letters, science, and art. The printed output has been i85 i86 OUTLINES OF AMERICAN surprisingly large-whether in the form of books or in the more ephemeral guise of pamphlets and broadsides." -"In the World of Letters, Science, and Art." IV Notes on State Literature. Wisconsin has made valuable and permanent con- tributions to historical ltterature. Some of her best known historians are: Dr. Reuben Thwaites, Pro- fessor Frederick J. Turner, Dr. Charles Kendall Adams, Professor William Francis Allen, Consul Willshire Bat- terfield. Wisconsin has put forth some novels of average merit. The first novel, "Garangula, the Ougna-Hanwa Chief," was published anonymously in 1857. Eben E. Rexford wrote "Silver Threads Among the Gold" and S. Fillmore Bennett wrote "In the Sweet Bye and Bye," two songs that have won national circulation. "Bill" Nve was a humorous writer. Milwaukee, in the early 50's, had a large German population, so many of whom gave their attention to literature that \.Iilwaukee was called the "German Athens of America." Madame Mathilde Anneke Konrad Krez, Edmund Maerklin, Ernst Anton Zuendt, Augustus Steinhin, Rudolph Puch- ner, and Henrieus Von See are well known poets. Ma- dame Anneke was the most gifted and best known f them all. -"In the World of Letters, Science, and Art." WYOMING II LIST OF AUTHORS. Bache, Rene, "Wyoming Fossil Remains" Bartlet, iMIrs. I. S. "The True Republic" - STATE LITERATURE Lockhardt, Miss Carolina, writer. "The Fighting Shepherdess" Miller, Thomas "Song of Fair Wyoming" Slack, Harriet, "The Forty-fourth Star" Stewart, Mrs Eleanor P. C., author. "The Elk Hunt" Winter, Charles E. "Ben Warmen" -This list of authors has been furnished by (i) "Wy- oming Historical Collections" (2) Miss Grace Hebard of the University of Wyoming. IV Wyoming has produced some novels and a number of historical and scientific works. Manv of her authors are connected with the University of Wyoming at Lar- amie. Some military men at the Fort of Cheyenne have also contributed to her literature. Miss Grace Hebard, of the University of Wyomning, says: "There is no one who does exclusive literary work." -From State Historical Collections. Miss Grace Hebard. V Frances A. Davis, Cheyenne Grace Raymond Heberd, AIaramnie FINIS I87