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Pioneer emancipator 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2002 b92-75-29579116 Electronic reproduction. 2002. (Beyond the shelf, serving historic Kentuckiana through virtual access (IMLS LG-03-02-0012-02) ; These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Pioneer emancipator Kentucky Register Print, Richmond, Ky. : 1881. 6 p. ; 23 cm. Coleman On Cassius Marcellus Clay. From the Nashville (Tennessee) American. Microfilm. Atlanta, Ga. : SOLINET, 1994. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. (SOLINET/ASERL Cooperative Microfilming Project (NEH PS-20317) ; SOL MN03900.09 KUK) Printing Master B92-75. IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Biography. Slavery Kentucky. Slavery United States. A PIONEER BHANIPATOR RICHMOND, KY.: Kentucky Reg9ster Print, s188X _ I I i I I I I I I 11I I This page in the original text is blank. A PIONEER EMANCIPATOR. [From the Nashville (Tjennesse',) American.] On leaving for Beersleba. for the suinmer, where he will prosecute the work of arranging and working up the valuable material he has collected, Col. W. G. Terrell left at the Ameri- can office an interesting relic of the great slavery struggle, which may be fitly called the first gun of the war. It is a small piece of brass artillery which was loaned bh,- Col. Terrell to Maj. J. E. Saunders, of this County, for exhibition at the Centennial exhibit The history of the piece in- volves the history of a leading acto in the great drama, in which t[e sections was inflamed to strife. It was in 1845 toh-at Cassiut M. Clay was engaged in the publication of the True American at Lexington, Ky., when a brief editorial article-'not written by Mr. Clay'-- appeared in the paper, and gave deep offense to the people of Lexington, being regarded as in- cendiary in character. A large meeting of its best citizens was held, and it was resolved that Mr. Clay's paper could not be longer published in that city. To meet that threat, Mr. Clav had cast in Cincinnati by the celebrated bell maker, G. W. Coffin, two pieces of fine artillery of the - - - I I I I I i il I I I I . 2 very best metal, in the composition of which was about two hundred dollars worth of silver. These he mounted in his office, bearing on the entrance to a pair of double doors, which had been arranged with a chain so as to open only a certain width. Besides this he had enlisted a dozen bold men. The rest of his arrangements were characteristic of that desperate courage Mr. Clay has always displayed. He prepared for the escape of his force when the office should become no longer tenable and placed a keg of powder so that he could easily touch it off, in - tending as soon as his force had escaped and the room had been fl1Ied by the mob to blow up the office, his enemies andt himself to perish. like Sampson in the ruins. No nman has ever doubted that he would have carried out his programme; but fortunately the excitement of the preparation and the waiting for the attack brought on brain fever and the office was peace- fully removed, while he was unconscious, to Cincinnati, where the publication was resumed after his recovery. The two beautiful pieces -ot artillery remained in his possession until a few years ago, when one of them was presented by him to his friend, Col. W. G. Terrell. - I l I I i I i I i I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I i i I i11 a Mr. Clay's life in Kentucky has been one of singular adventure an(l interest. No knight of the period of chivalry ever maintained his honor with more determined courage than he his opin- ions. He was rich, a man of fine appearance and noble presence, quiet, unassuming and cour- teous in his bearing, and only the terrible when aroused. Born in 1810, he imbibed the Heurv Clay idea of emancipation while at college at Yale, and signalled his devotion to the opinions by emancipating about forty slaves. He was never an abolitionist, and simply maintained the Henry Clay idea of the inexpediency and folly of slavery on account of its effect on the white man and the institution of the model republic. He pursued his own way without ever entang- ling himself with the fanatics of the East. At the breaking out of the Mexican war, greatly to the surprise of his friends he raised a comnpanv and joined the First Kentucky Cavalry, and was captured at Incarnacion-a capture which was one of the events of the war, in which he refused to kneel before his captors at the risk of his life. In 1850 he was a candidate for the State Constitutional Convention and became involved in a personal difficulty with Hon. C. W. Turner, whose father was his opponent. In the alterca- 4 tion Mr. Turner was killed andl Mr. Clay des- perately wounded. He had previously had a difficulty with Maj. Sam. F. Brown, of Fayette county, whom he literally cut to pieces with a bowie knife. This also grew out of politics. He was a candidate for (covernor of Kentucky, making his canvasses armed to the teeth and at the peril of his life, but was never seriously molested. He was made Major Geiieral of volin- teers in 1862, but went again to Russia fs Minister, where he remained until 1869. One of his duels was with Bob -Wickliffe, a son of Gov. WVickliffe. Albert Sidney Johnston was i second in the affair. Such is a brief sketch of a man who was a leading actor in a great drama. In thegreatest part of the drama, thie preparation of the trait), which led to the denouement, the coiflict of opinions, he was a chief actor, and, as Minister to Russia, when we consider the great part Rus- sia played in our struggle, he -did more, perhaps, than any General in the field in the war itself. Since his reLurn from Russia he has. resided on his paternal acres in Madison county. Ky., a bold, outspoken Democrat, and it is a singular fact that he was compelled a few years since to kill one of the race he helped to emancipate, in - I = i I 5 defense of his own life. He is now a hale, end looking Lnan of seventy, respected by all those who once hell his opinions in detestation; genial, kind, the very soul of courtesy, disposed only to regard the far future moral effect of the policy lhe advocated to a successful issue, and in- dulging in no sentimental nonesense about the race which happened to be the object of his care. He labors and votes for Democratic ideas of government, and indulges in no regrets over the splendid career he held in his hands and threw away to pursue his convictions. In the hands of a Macauley or a Scott, his life would be a romance, without plot or need for embellishment. In the American Encyclopedia, of Appleton, he is set down as a relative of Henry Clay, which is about as near as the Amer- ican (Cyclopedia ever gets to anything. He was an admirer of, and acknowledges Henry Clay as his teacher, but they were not nearly related. It is the singular fate of such men to be obscured in their own time by the Grants and Shermans who. burn powder and make a noise, but Mr. Clay was the more potent actor where Grant and Sherman would have been babies. Such men as Mr. Clay stand out in their own full stature in after times for succeed- I I I ing generaLions, when epauleited nobodies off only remembered as movers of men as piecesof a board. He could throw away honors for COD viction sake, and struggle like a giant against ter rible odds, and when the moral and intellectual conflict was over and the strife of arms ended he could again take the minority side, and labor for the Democratic theories of government, which slavery- alone prevented his advocating before, anti that when the Gira[ts and Shermans were abandoning their own convictions, that re- rewar3 might follow with the strong side. The interesting relic which has furnished the occa- sion for this article may be seen at the American office on Bank Alley. We have been glad of the occasion to speak thus of a man whose de- votion to principles dwarfs all the pigmy re- wards won by men who could more easily bend ! towards narrow self interest. The time is now at hand when those who have held the minority opinions are about to be honored in themselves or in their memories, and the pigmy epauletted are shrinking into microscopic littleness in the back-ground. Al ------ i I