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Concise history of Lexington Lodge No. 1, F. & A.M., November 17, 1788-1913 : showing, without rhetorical fog, the spirit of the work in Lexington for the past century and a quarter / published by order and authority of the Lodge.
Concise history of Lexington Lodge No. 1, F. & A.M., November 17, 1788-1913 : showing, without rhetorical fog, the spirit of the work in Lexington for the past century and a quarter / published by order and authority of the Lodge. Freemasons. Lexington Lodge, No. 1 (Lexington, Ky.) 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2002 b92-92-27695197 Electronic reproduction. 2002. (Beyond the shelf, serving historic Kentuckiana through virtual access (IMLS LG-03-02-0012-02) ; These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Concise history of Lexington Lodge No. 1, F. & A.M., November 17, 1788-1913 : showing, without rhetorical fog, the spirit of the work in Lexington for the past century and a quarter / published by order and authority of the Lodge. Freemasons. Lexington Lodge, No. 1 (Lexington, Ky.) [s.n.], Lexington, Kentucky : November, 1913. 57 p. : ill., ports. ; 23 cm. Coleman Microfilm. Atlanta, Ga. : SOLINET, 1993. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. (SOLINET/ASERL Cooperative Microfilming Project (NEH PS-20317) ; SOL MN02936.11 KUK) Printing Master B92-92. IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Freemasons Kentucky. t 44- 04 , . ,, tQwt 000 f \ P 9 2 r K; , eS Ad - f r. ,, X X w 0 h ,,' a. ,a H S S. '- 'I'S, I h p! This page in the original text is blank. C(ONCISF, HISTORY Op LEVX ING (-a rs_ TLOID)GE NO. 1 F. t A. AI. INOVIEMBlER 17 1788 -19018 SHOWING, WITHOUT RHETORICAL FOG, THE SPIRIT OF THE WORK IN LEXINGTON FOR THE PAST CENTURY AND A QUARTER Published by order and authority of the Lodge November 17, 1913 J. J. RO3ZELL, Master M. S. DAVIS, S. W. J. W. NORWOOD, J. W. Committee LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY, NOVEMBER, 19!3 E 1 1 6I13 GUY JOHNSON FFIN1ING CO LEXINGTO., KY FOREWORD A JACKASS IS LED, BUT A CANDI: ATE FOR THE MYSTERIES OF MASONRY IS CONDUCTED.'--J SOULE SMITH Reader, allow us to conduct you t.hrough the following pages: REEMASCNRY, being the science of Morality veiled in allego-y ,Kwi and illustrated by symbols, requires for a presentation of its history, not the dry data of Lodge Minutes, but the biographies =___________ of its initiates. The Lolge is merely a school wherein this great Science is taught in a peculiar and impressive manner as has been the ; 3 w F cu stomn f or untold ages. Ceremonies, signs and sy.-nbols are b ---t _________ the text books of this school. To teach Freemasonry under- s andingly, these text books mustbe understood by the teacher, otherwise the blind may as well be led by the blind Degrees do not "make" the Mason, any more than the rossession of a scien-ific works makes .he man of science. That which makes the true man of science, namely, personal experiment and demonstration of facts, also makes t'he Mason who cannot be "made" otherwise, however many titles and degrees he may take. And when a candidate, knowing in his heart of a secret ur.- wvorthy motive in asking for admission into the lodge, presumes to assume obligations that he does not keep and has no intention of keeping, thus per- jur=3 himself, ha not only injures thz repuwation of the craft and imposes upon his brothers, but invariably fails to gain the great knowledge he seeks. These reflections should convince the thoughtful thatthe history of a Lodge is in reality a history of the lives of students it tends forth to the world. If those lives are worthy, the Lodge is credited thereby. For there are certain Natural truths taught in the Lodge, that are calculated to make men wiser. better and greater. They are henceforth the champions of Liberty, Equality and Brotherhood. With these sentiments in mind, the present writer will content himse'f with telling the story of the "First Lodge West cf the Alleghenies," in terms of human lives, with such additional comments on contemporaneous events as may seem necessary and proper. SETTLEMENT OF KENTUCKY Old Town, or Harrodsburg, was settled in 1774. A party of hunters, from Harrodsburg, under Col. Robt. Patterson, including Simon Kenton, Michael Stoner, John Haggir, John and Levi Todd, John Maxwell, Isaac Greer, Hugh Shannon, Jas. Masterson. Wm. McConnell and Jas. Dunkin, campedon thesite of Lexington in the latter year but made no settlement. The camp was called ' Lexington" by them after the famous battle which had just been .'foight for- Page Four American freedom. But it may be thought of some significance that the first proposal for a name was "York," the legendary birthplace of English Masonry. For there is no doubt but many Freemasons were in Kentucky at that time and that some it not all these first pioneers were of the craft. Levi Todd afterward was Master of Lexington Lodge, and John Maxwell's son occupied the chair. James Dunkin seems to have been a charter mem- ber of the Paris Lodge, but though the family names of others are well known in early Masonry, it is probable that most of the original pioneer Masons in Kentucky died or were too old to take active part, before the organization of the craft. The comrades erected a single cabin for McConnell and nothing else was done until March 1779, when Col. Patterson built a blockhouse thus establish- ing a frontier fort for protection against the Indians, Lexington grew rapidly after this. A, In 1870, mi itary government was replaced by a town board of Trustees. Virginia had made Fayette one of three counties into which the entire district of Kentucky was divi- ded. Education was placed in charge of John McKenney "Wildcat McKenney' who afterward became Grand Master. Transylvania University was char cred this year but not located in Lexington urail 1788. Page Five By 1785 Lexington assumed the semblance of a frontier metropolis. Rob- ert Parker, later a charter member of Lexington Lodge, was made first survey- or, Bros. James Bray and Robert Megowan, established the first and second taverns and lodging houses. The sign of the Megowan Inn, was a Sheaf of Wheat, a Masonic symbol that is stiil seen on the Seal of Lexington, even to its proximity to running water, which in this case may be presumed to be "Town Branch," which was a considerable "creek" in those days. In 1783 Virginia had divided Kentucky into Fayette, Jefferson and Lincoln Counties, the first district judges being John Floyd and Samuel McDowell. The following year, 1784, was held the first of a series of conventions at Dan- ville, of which Samuel McDowell was President and Thomas Todd, who was later a charter mce.ber of Lexington Lodge was Clerk. The purpose of the con- "entions was to seek Statehood and autonomous government for Kentucky. The second convention included among its delegates Robert and Levi Todd, James Trotter and Caleb Wallace, afterward concerned with the organi- zation of Lexington Lodge. This met May 3. 1785. The third convention met Page Six in August of the same year and delegates were sent to Virginia which passed the Kentucky statehood act January 10, 1786. 1 he rnerrorial of the Kentuck- ians was placed in the hands of John Marshall, celebrated in Masonic history as Grand Master of Virginia, and in civil history as Governor of that State and afterward Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Statcs. As the Federal Congress promptly refused to rat fj the acticn of Virgtini, the efforts of three Danville Conventions failed, It is not surprising that the fourth convention did not meet, becauseo no quorum could be gotten from the dispirited members. October 1786, Virginia again Fassed the St tehotd act. Yet Kentucly ter elf seemed to be at a stand- still, with no local legislature nor any one to guide her. At this juncture, a half dczen gentlemen met at Judge McDowell's resi- dence near Danville, on St. John's Night, Dec. 27, 1786, and formed what they termed "The Political Club". This organization proceeded to revive the drooping spirits o the pioneers and to take the place of the Fourth Danville convent:on. Its roster never con- tained more than 29 names, of which 12 can be identified as afterward affili- ated with organized Masonry in Kentucky. There were, Major John Belli, a merchant of Alexandria, Virginia, one of the chief movers of the club, and afterward Washington's secret agent in the Indian campaigns of Bre. Anthony Wayne. Thomas Todd, afterward a famous jurist, Clerk of previous conventions; John Brown, first U. S. Senator from Kentucky; James Brown, first Secretary of State, and David Walker, later a congressman, all members cf Lexington Lodge, Thomas Todd being also identified wi.h Frankfort and James Brown with Frankfcrt and Shelbyville lodges. The others were, Baker Ewing; identified with No. 2 and No. 4, Gabriel J. Jones; with No. 5, Matthew Walton; with No. 6, Stephen Ormsby; with No. 3 James Speed; No. 20. The result of these unselfish activities -was the revival of the Danville Convention in 1787 and the sending of delegates to Virginia General As3embly which ratified the Federal Constitution the same year. These delegates were Bros. Humphrey Marshall and John Fowler. At the same time there was formed "The Society for the Promotion cf Useful Know'edge," among whose 33 members may be recognized the foremost Freemasons of the State. Like- Maj. Jno. Belli wise the first newspaper west of the Alleghenies was start- ed by John Bradford with the patronage of the Danville convention, and this brought the first paper mill and other factories. Fowler, Levi Todd, Marsha I, all members of this revived convention, were afterward amrong the caT!y members of Lexington Lodge. Page Seven During a'l this period Kentucky had been under the jurisdiction of Vir- ginia and the a.filiation3 of her pioneer Misons mostly in lodges in that state or in Penns3lvania, though other eastern states may bc expected to furnish some records. The Grard Masters of Kentuc' y at that time were therefore the Grand Mastcrs of Virginia. The Virginia Grand Lodg- was formtd in 1778 and we find John Blair the filrs Grand Master 1778, followed by James Mercer 1784, followed by Edmtnd Randclph, 1785, who presided until 1789. Randolph was therefore G.and MVrter of Kentucky Masons in 1788 when we obtained the c'-artfr for thc lodgs at Lexington. He was likewise the Governor of Virginia 1735-7 .... . .v . . .._..._. ...., Act Edmund Randolph and John Marshall THE FIRST LODGE The first chartered Lodge was undoubtedly meant to be the mother lodge of the state. On Nov. 17, 1788, the Virginia Grand Lodge granted a charter to Lcxington L :dge No. 2, naming the first three officers only, who were, Co'. Richard Clough Anderson, Green Clay and John Fowler. The former was from Jefferson Coun'y and at the same time its representative to the Sixth Danville Convention. Clay from Madison and Fowler from Lexing- trn were re-presentatives to the Virginia Assembly the same year, and it was Clay who Presented the petition for the Kentucky Masons. Unfort:nately no records now exist as to who the charter members were since the V;rginia Grand Lodge has only returns from Lexington for the years 179' and 1797 which see in the appendix. The capi ular degrees, were at that time conferred in Master's Lodges, and they were rot separated in Kentucky until many years after. There seems to have been a '"Mark Lodge" in Lexington at early date. Lexington Lodge was of the sort called "Ancient Masonry" for that was all the kind of Masonry Vir- ginia had. Having now sketched the background for our history, let us ob- serve the progress made by Masonry year by year through the lives of its Masters and initiates. Page Eight 17E8, Col. Richard Clough Anderson. Born in Han- over Ccunty Va., Jan. 12, 1750, and ard died Oct. 16 1826. Served in Revo:ution, retiring with rank of Lieut. Col. of Third Virginia. Twice married, first to a sister of WlGeorge Rogers (lark. In charge of military at Louisville from 1784, and established permanent headquarters there as Surveyor of the Kentucky District, 1798. Anderson County named for him. Member of Danville Convention 1788, and of first eectoral college after admission of Ken- tucky into Union. Warm friend cf Washington. Portrait from a fine oil, owned by grandson, Edward L. Anderson of Cincinnati, who presented the Lodge a fine photographic copy. Trasylvania University estab!ised in Lexington. 1789, General Green Clay. Born Aug. 15, 1757, in Powhattan Co. Va., and died in Madison Co. Ky., Oct. 31, j 1826. Came to Kentucky as young Surveyor, Acquired fortune in land; presented petition of Kentucky Masons to Virginia Grand Lodge and took active part in formation of Kentucky Grand Lodge. Member of Virginia Assembly and helped frame the Kentucky Constitution of 1799. Rep. resented Madison in Kentucky Legislature and was Speak- er of the House. Brig. General of first Kentucky troops to go out in war of 1812. Relieved Fort Meigs and repulsed attack 1500 British and 5C00 Indians. C ay County named for him. 1790, Capt. John Fowler. Born 1755 and died Aug.22, 1840. Captain in Revo!u ion. Settled in Lexington, grew 1 4ji twealthy and owned pleasure park known as "Fowler's Gar- den"' where now are Deweese and contiguous streets. An ardent horseman, soldier, patriot, and statesman. Episco- L my palian and Democrat. Lived near where Ayers Alley ran into Water street. Charter member of Society for Promot- ing Useful Knowledge, and member of Danville Convention with Bros. Humphrey Marshall, Levi Todd, Caleb Wallace, Wm. Ward. Original member of Tammany Society of 1811. Member of Virginia Assembly 1788. First member of Congress from this district 1796 and held office until 1804. Succeded John Jordan as Postmaster and was Charter member of the Kentucky Agricultural Society of 1814. Fowlers Garden was the great convention center of Kentucky. Capt. Fowler was a warm supporter of Andrew Jackson. He was buried with Masonic honors. Portrait from old cut in book of family history of Fowlers, furnished by Mrs. Laura Given, 2052 Catherine street Philadelphia, the mother of Bro. J. G. Given. 1791, Notley Conn, assisted at introduction of Masonry into Geogetown, helping James Morrison and Alex McGregor install officers of that lodge 1796 and at that time being a member of Paris Lodge. 4 Lexington town officials ordered down all wooden chimneys and post and rail fences across the streets. Page Nine Town surveyed for first time. "Unicn Fire Company organized as a volunteer bucket brigade, with John Bradford as Secretary the year before, probably had effect up.B the orders of the trustees as to fences and chimneys. 1791, Judge Edmund Bullock, Master during second half of 1791, it being custom to elect officers on each St. John's Day, until 1855. Early Trustee of Lodge and in 1893.98. Representative in Legislature. Speaker during C A l last three years of term; State Senator 1805-13. Appoint- ed Judge. Trustee of Transylvania. Portrait from India Ink wash drawing. through kindness of his grandson, Ed- mund Shelby of Favette Co. 1792, James Lemon. First Master of Georgetoivn Lodge. No portrait ecx- is-s according to his great-grandson Portuguese were fleeing from the Papal Inquisition to their Masonic brothers in New Yorkthisyear. Kentuckybecame a state and Lexington was made temporary capital The Governor's first ap- pointments for Fayette were all Masons as it happened: Robt. Todd, Brig. General; William Russell dnd James Trotter. Lieut. Colonels; John Morrison, Major; and Robert Parker, Surveyor, James Brown, the firstSecretaryof State and John Brown the first U. S. Senator were members of Lexington Lodge. Bro Robert Megowan's tavern was turned into the State Treasury and the treasurer had to borrow funds to pay the legislators for their twelve day session at 1 each per day. 1, The seal of the State is today known to every Mason in the world as the Masonic emblem of Bro. , tberly Love BROTHERLY LOVE. By the exercise of brotherly love, we arc taught to regard the whole humau species as one family; the high and low, the rich and poor; who, as created by one Almighty Parent, and inhahitants of the same planet, are to aid, support, and protect each other. On this principle, Masonry unites men of every country, sect, andi opinion, and conciliates true friendship among those who might otherwise have remained at a perpetual distance. Page Ten 1792. DANIEL WEISIGER First Master of Hiram Lodge, 1799.5 Probably came from No. 14 Va. Portrait copied from fine oil painting in possession of Dr. A. j. Alexander, of Spring Station. Wood- ford County, his grandson. 1793. HUGH LOGAN Thought to be brother of Gen. Ben Logan, but not certain to which branch of family he belonged. Demitted in 1805 but was a visitor to Grand Lode in 1827. 1793. WILLIAM MURRAY First Grand Master of Kentucky. and when so elevated was Master of Hiram Lodge at Frankfort. Second Attorney General of State 1792-3 and made present of lat6 on N-E. corner of Walnut and Short streets to Lexington Lodge, 1795, for Masonic Hall. The Masons met in log cabin on this lot for many years. His descendants statethere is no portrait in existence. 1794. COL. JAMES MORRISON Born in Cumberland County, Pa., 1755, and served through Revolution, coming to Lexington in 1792. Representative in Legislature 1797. Quarter- master General U. S. Army; President of U. S. Branch Bank; Chairman Board of Trzstees of Trans, Ivania; and Director of Kentucky Insurance Co. of 1802. From left to right President of the convention of five lodgcs that Col. James Morrison Maj. Thomas Love formed the Grand Lodge in 1800 and was the sec- ond Grand Master 1801-2. Accumulated vast for. tune for those days. Died in Washington, D. C., April 23; 1823 and left 40,- 000 to found Morrison Chapel at Transylvania and 10,000 to endow professor- ship. Portrait hangs in Morrison Chapel and Grand Lodge, Portrait first on left in cut Edward Westthis year built and operated on town branch a small model steam boat. He was a member of Lexington Lodge. 1795-6. MAjOR THOMAS LOVE Past Master from Lodge of Perfect Union, Massachusetts, and revolationary officer. Served under Gen. Chas. Scott, afterwards Governor of Kentucky. Moved to Frankfort, purchased Gen. Wilkinson's house, 1797. and opened an inn widely known as the "Love House." Page Eleven William Murray presented the lodge the lot heretofore mentioned, where the first "Masonic Hall" stood, 1795. This year also saw the first brick house in Lexington built by Bro. January; Transylvania library was also founded through efforts of citizens who were all or nearly all Masons, with Brother Andrew McCalla, an apothecary, asits first librarian. In 1796 the first Episcopal church was founded and its first Fastor, the gentle James Moore, of "Flute and Violin" fame, is said to have been a mem- ber of No. 1. Portrait from miniature painted by Peale in Philadelphia, 1795, and owned by Misses Mattie and Florence Love, 203 W. Broadway, Louisville, Ky. Shown with Morrison above. 1797. ALEXANDER MACGREGOR First Deputy Grand Master 1800. Probably came with Januarys to Ken. tucky 1780. One of lodge Trustees under Murray deed. Representative to Virginia Grand Lodge 1798. Master of early Mark Lodge. Early member of St. Andrews Society and probably charter member of the "Lexington Emigra- tion Society," formed this year with Bro. Thorras Hart as President. First Deputy Grand Master and Member of the Danville Convention. 1798. HUGH M'ILVAIN Grandfather of H. P. M'l1vain, P. H. P. ef Kentucky and probably came to Kentucky with Alex Macgregor. Portrait by courtesy of Bro. B. Wilson Smith, 2122 N. New Jersey St., Indianapolis, Ind. Hugh M'llvain's sister married Jas. Rankin, the grandfather of Bro. Smith's wife. Top head in above cut is M'lvain. 1798. GENERAL THOMAS BODLEY Portrait shown at bottom of above cut. Born July 4, 1772, in Pennsylvania and died June 10, 1833, in the great Cholera Plague in Lexington. Served in Wayne's Indian campaign and came to Lexington in 1787. First Secretary of the "Dem. ocratic Society" of 1793, of which Bro. John Breckinridge was President; and one of the founders of St. Andrews Society 1798 and Captain of the Lexington Light Infantry. First Circuit Clerk. Commissioned by Gov. Garrard 1803, to restore burnt county records of Fayette; surveyed "Main Cross Street" now Broadway; Deputy Q3uarteimaster General in War 1912; elector from Kentucky 1817; Grand Master 18f8; Trustee Transylvania Univer- sity. 1799. JAMES BLlSS Secretary for part of the year. Nothing else known of him. The State Constitution was revised this year. Bros. John Breckinridge and Buckner Thurstot. of Lexington Lodge being delegates to the convention. Bridges across Town Branch repaired and holes in street filled. Page Twelve 1799. SAMUEL POSTLETHWAIT Afteiward assisted in establishing Kentucky Lodga in Mississippi. Harmony No. 7 at Natchez. Portrait by Juett is catalogued by the Filson Club but can not now be located. 1800. GRAND LODGE FORMED. Upon invitation of Lexington Lodge, 15 representatives of the five lodges in Kentucky met in Lexington Sept. 8, 1800, to form an independent Grand Lodge. They were all chartered by Virginia as follows; Lexington 25, November 17, 1788. Paris 35, November 25, 1791. Georgetown 46 U. D. Jan. 9, 1796, and chartered Dec. 1, 1796. Frankfort, Hiram 57, T. D. May 2; 1797, and chartered Dec. I1, 1799: Solomon U. D., at Shelbyville. Dec. 1799. Bro. John Hawkins of Georgetown Lodge was- made chairman and resolutione written by Bro. Wm. Murray were transmitted to Virginia expressing the in- tention and good will of the Kentuckians. The convention met in Masons Hall on Walnut street. Virginia heartily approbated the movement Dec. 11, 1800, by which time a second convention had met Oct. 16-17 and formed the Grand Lodge. -,t this convention only 13 representatives were present, of whom 6 had attended the first convention. Col. James Morrison of Lexington, the oldest past master present, was chosen chairman and Grand officers were then eleLted, the choice falling uwon Wm. Murray for Grand Master and Alexander Macgregor for Dep. Grand Master. The other officers were apportioned, 4 to Lexington, I toShel- byville, 2 to Georgetown and 2 to Paris. CT was The seal of Lexington Lodge was chosen as the temporary seal of the Grand Lodge. Lexington s seal was the square End compass "M - with the moon and sun on either side. The present Grand Lodge seal is an evolution from that, cl0.1 probably brought about chiefly by Bro. Daniel Bradford, for many yeE rs the printer to the Grand Lodge. He began printing the proceedings of the Grand body, using a cut in 1802, com- posed of some of the various elements now added to the seal. In 1826 the All Seeing eye was used and in 1814 the triangle and other emblems. Page Thirteen The five lodges received new numbers, Lexington becoming Number I The fact that most of the members of the Grand Lodge were probably Royal Arch Masons, no doubt accounts for crimson, instead of blue being adopted as the official G. L. colors. 1800 Col. Morrison. See 1794. For the following year Grand Master. 1800, Alex. Macgregor. See 1797. It should be mentioned that two masters were elected every year in Lex- ington Lodge, one on each St. John's night, until 1855. The most curious event of the year was the great religious revival which struck this section at this time. Thousands of Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists participated in meetings at which the excitement became so intense that many persons went into trances and had visions not to be surpassed by anything in modern spirit- ualistic circles. 1801, Capt. Levi Todd. Mentioned heretofore as one of earTy pioneers. Brother of Capt. Robert and Col. John Todd. Comi-.anded company from Bryan Station under Lieut. Col. Jno. Bowman in attack on; Chi'acothe, 1799. Moved from Harrodsburg to Lexington 1780 and was chosen one of the first Board of Trustees and drew one of the first town lots the following year. County Clerk 1781-1807, Legis!ative representative. At Battle of Blue Licks 1782; in two Danville Conventions 1785 and one 1787. Was born in Virginia 1756 and died in Lexington. Married Jane Briggs, and their seventh child, was father of Mrs. Abraham Lincoln. No portraits exist according to relatives and the Lincoln collection. 1801, John Jordan, an Englishman came toLexington 1793, DeputyGrand Master 1801-2 and Grand Master 1803, again Deputy 1805-6. Was third post. master of Lexington by appointment of Jefferson 1802, Ben. C. Kizer was his deputy. Jordan entertained Aaron Burr and Blennerhaset (both Masons) when they came to Lexington in 1805 and this afterward caused him to besusFected in connection of the Burr "conspiracy " The post office and store was in "Jordan's Row" on Upper street facing the courthouse, but he afterward rroveJ to Main street where Odd Fellows Hall now stands. He died while postmaster Sept. 9, 1813. Jordan was chairman of the committee on G. L. sea!, Oct. 13, 1891. This year David McClelland of No. I became first Masterof Bardstown Lolge (Washington) chartered Feb. 10, 1801 as No. 6. Also Dr. James Taylor, and old member of Lexington, becarnm first master ef Abraham U. D. Dec. 21, 1801 a, Middletown, now Nc. 8 at Louisville. He was alo the first Master of No. 32 at Middl -town. Page Fourteen 1802. Cuthbert Banks, first Secretary of the Jockey Club 1797 and came from Virginia. Transylvania Medical Society formed this year, and it is pecu- V.ar fac, teat its members were always largely Masons. 1803, Daniel Bradford, son of John Bradford who came to Lexington 178; and founded the Gazette 1787. Daniel was likewise an editor and succeeded his. father - on the Gazette and also for a time published a paper in Geowgetown. Edited the Gazette 1802-9 and 1835-40 Master of No. 1, also in 1808, 1810. 1813. 1814, 1816. i w Ad Grand Secretary 1802-13 and 1820-30. Captain Union Fire Company 1805. Succeed Bro. N. G. T. Hart as left to right Capt. of Lexington Light Infantry 1812. Professor of Daniel Bradford Transylvania University 1813. Grand Master of Ky. JLdge Geo. M. Bibb 1315; High Priest 1815 and 1831. One of the first con- trlbutors to the "Fayette Hospital" now known as the "insane Asylum", 1816. Editor of Lexington Public Advertiser 1820. Justice of the Peace 1838-9, Mayor of Lexington 1841. Died 1851. Bro. Bradford was one of the most versatile and active Masons Lexington ever produced. Through the courtesy of Bro. C. P. Davenport of Georgetown, a copy of his oil portrait by Sandy Bradford, which hangs in the Asylum of Bradford Commandery, was secured for this work. So little had the George- town Knights thought of the portrait that they had thrown it away with other debris accumulated in a garret when it was rescued from destruction by a zealous Knight. Bradford assisted at the introduction of all the "higher degrees" in the "York Rite", into Lexington. One of his pupils, both in printing and Masonry was Dr. J. G. Norwood, afterward famous as a physician, surgeon and geolog- ist in Kentucky, Indiana and Missouri. Dr. Joseph Granville Norwood, Born 1807, learned Printing and Masonry under Daniel Bradford; initiated in Daviess Lodge 1827 and various times affiliated with the other lodges and masonic bodies. Joined No. I in 1829. Graduated at Transylvania. Lost first wife in cholera of 1849. Master of. No. 22 in 1834, was High Priest and rose to Junior Deacon in Grand Lodge and was Recorder of Webb Encampment. Went to Louisville, then was State Geologist of Indiana. Moved to Missouri where he died. Dean of Science in State University at Columbia 1906. I. G. NORWOOD 1804, Judge George M. Bibb. born Oct. 30, 1776 in Prince EdwardCounty, Va., and died April 14, 1859 at Georgetown. Graduate of Princeton; member of Lexington Bar 1804 and Grand Master 1804-7. Taught law to John J. Crit- tenden who was initiated into Lexington Lodge and moved to Russellville with his perceptor who was the first Master of Lodge 17 there and passed and raised Crittenden. Page Fifteen In 1808 was Judge of Court of Mppeals, Chief Justice 1809; U. S. Senator 181 1, resigning in 1814 and serving again 1829-35. Chancellor of Louisville 1835-44. Secretary of the Treasury and Assistant Attorney General under Tyler. Died April 14. 1859. John J. Crittenden This year Innis B. Brent, an old member of Lexington, loczarnc first Maas- ter of No. 9, chartered at Henderson, Sept. 13. and Samuel Postelwait another old membcr 'was on rolls of No. 7 in Natchez, Mississippi. 1805. WILLIAM BOBB Grand Pursuivant 1801.2. Fourth Jailor of Fayetta County. Died Jan. P, 1814. The jail was a curious affair those days, at one time consisting of a apace bounded by imaginary lines whose corners were marked on the sides of the log houses. This year the use of chimney sweeps was endorsed and the k-ep. ing of pet panthers prohibited by the town council. A bachelor's society vP5 organized in Bro. Geo. Wilson's Tavern, its members taxing all who would rat marry. School books and law books were printed locally, and amorg the lawyers who were members of No. I may be named Bibb, Crittenden, Wm. T. Barry, Henry Clay, John Rowan, Jesse Bledsoe, and Felix Grundy, all of whom became famous in public life, Crittenden and Rowan rose to be Govcrrnore of Ken. tvcky. Grilndy went to the U.. S. Senate from Tcnr.essee. He was initiated in No. 1. Lodgo No. 10 at Millersburg, was chartered Sept. IP, 1805, with Gabriel Tandy of Lexington as one of its ar- ganizers. Wm. i. Barry 1860. THOMAS WALLACE Elected Master first for latter half of 1805. A director in the old "Ken- tucky Insurance Company" of 1802, Chartered Dec. 16, with Jas. Morriecat as a director and Jno. Bradford as Cashier. Grand Treasurer 1805-6 This year Kentucky authorized the appointment of delegates to a -roposed National Convention to establish a National Grand Lodge Jan;-. 15, 1 80Q. Thia movement originated with Georgia in 1790 and was revived from time to time, being still favored by eminent Masons. But nothing ever came of t" proposed conventions as the Grand Lodges seemed to fear some political ryurpose, or at least professed to. Lexington Lodge took an interest in the matter from time to time until Henry Clay's attempt to revive the movement. (See 1820) Page Sixteen It is probable that the first beginning of the idea originated immediately after the Revolution, when Pennsylvania and Virginia especially wanted George Washington to become National Grand Master, an office which he was pop- ularly regarded as holding any way, by the profane. The only result of the agitation was the establishment cf the Society of Cincinnati. 1807. THOMAS BODLEY (See 1801) _107. JESSE BLEDSOE I - Reading from left to right the cut here shown, con- tains portraits of Judge Bledsoe, Col. Daviess, Dr. Dud- ley and Dr. Overton. whose biographies follow: Judge Jesse Bledsoe, was born in Culpepper Co., Va., April 6, 1776; educated at Transylvania; practiced N 1 e 4 law in Lexington and surrounding counties and was init- iated in Lexington Lodge in 1798 or 1799. Secretary of State under Gov. Chas. Scott; Senator from Bourbon; appointed Circuit judge of Lexington by Governor Adair in 1822; taught law in Transylvania. Abandoned law for the ministry 1830-31 and attained eminence in that field. Moved to Mississippi 1833 and while writing a history of the Texas Republic, died at Nacogdoches, June 25, 1836. The only portrait of him was presented to Fayette County and burned when the courthouse was destroyed, but fortunately Bro. Jno. G. Cramer's wife a relative of the family, has preserved a copy in crayon, from which above cut is reproduced. This year, Bros. Samuel R. Overton from Virginia and W. W. Woraley, started the second paper in Le.,.ington, the Observer, a strong Jeffersonian Democratic or "Republican" paper. 1898. Bradford (See 1803) This year the first Masonic book was printed in Kentucky by Daniel Brad- ford, the title page of which is self explanatory. "MASONIC CONSTITUTIONS" or Illustrations of Masonry Compiled by the Direction of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky, and adopted by them for the regulation and government of the subordinate lodges under their jurisdiction; with an appendix containing remarks on the degrees of Master Mark Masons, Super Excellent and Royal Arch Masons. By James Moore and Cary L. Clarkei members of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky. Lexington. Printed by Daniel Bradford at the office of the Kentucky Gazette, on Main street. 1808." This was entered in the U. S. District Court at Frankfort before Bro. - Clerk and at same time, March 30, the copyright transferred - - Grand Master Bibb. Page Seventeen The book contains the legendary history of the craft, the monitorial work, history of the American Grand Lodges, Masonic codes, etc. The first edition was sold with an allowance of 20 per cent. commission to the agents, A sec- ond edition was printed in 1818 by Bros. Worsley and Smith, and a copy of this has been loaned the library by A. A. DeLong. 1809. DR. BEN J. WINSLOW DUDLEY Born in Spotsylvania Co., Va., April 12, 1785. Came to Lexington 1779; graduated from Transylvania; traveled in Europe 1810-14; returned and intro- duced trephining. lithonoy and the roller bandage to western medical circles; Dean of Medical Faculty of Transylvania. Charter member of "The Kentucky Association" in 1826 and in 1832 was one of first directors in the old Northern Bank of which Bro. John Tilford was president. He died January 20, 1870. Portrait in possession of Dr. A. M. Peter of No. 1. Dr. Dudley once fought a duel with a Brother Mason and Physician, Dr. W. H. Richardson, who was Grand Master of Kentucky, 1816. For this both parties were sus- pended by the Grand Lodge, but having been reconciled by Henry Clay, were reinstated in 1819, after a year's sus- pension. The occasion of the duel was no personal er- mity between the two brothers, but a f ilse notion of what constituted "honor" in those days. Some medical students under Dr. Dudley had been arrested for digging up the ' body of an Irishman in the Baptist cemetery. As no law ardson made bodies private property, they could only be fined one cent and for tre a 'ass in stealing so much earth. This in- censed Dr. Daniel Drake who insulted Dudley and received a challenge to fight. Drake declined the encounter, which Richardson, Drake's particular friend and second, felt himself bound to accept for him. Richardson was shot in the groin and would have bled to death but for Dr. Dudley's skill. One of the curious features of the affair was that the Brother who carried the challenge from one Mason to another was suspended by his lodge and re- instated by the Grand Ladge after he had explained he did net know what his duty in the matter was. 1810, Bradford. (See 1803). 1810 Col. Joseph Hamilton Daviess Born Mch. 17, 1774 in Bedford Co. Va. Settled near Danville, Ky., with pareints 1779 and went to school in Harrodsburg. In 1792 was one of mounted volunteers guarding supplies going to troops north of Ohio. Fought Indians. First lawy r from west to appear before U. S. Supreme Court, which he did in fronti. r costume of buckskin. Married Arn Marshall sister of Chief Justice Marshall. Moved to Lexington 1809. Prosecuted Aaron Burr, also a Mason. Daviess Lodge 22 and Daviess County named for him. Portri t in Grand Lodge. Page Eighteen Grand Mistzr of Kentuzky 1811 and killed in battle of Tippecanoe same year. Thi.s year it was determined to build a Grand Lodge Hall in Lexington and Robert Crockett of No. I was made chairman of a committee for that pur- pose with W. H. Richardson, Daniel Bradford and Henry Clay. Bro. Crockett afterward was first Master of Jessamine X i 3 Lodge U. D. which became Hart No. 61. He was a res- ident of that county where he succeeded his father as U. S. MarshaHl and founded the old "Union Mills." The Grand Lodge authorized another delegation to Washington for January 1811 to form a National Grand Lodge, but none was appointed and no convention met. GCther states were favoring different places to hold the con- Robt. Crockett vention. 1811, DR. JAMES OVERTON. Member of the old "Political Club" of 1786 together with his brother John of Paris, afterward in lodge there. Member of Society for Promoting Useful Knowledge 1787 and of Medical Faculty of Transylvanian 1809. Aid to Gen- eral Winchester in war of 1812. The "Tammany Society" officially known as the Columbian Order, was founded in Lexington this year. 1812, JAMES B. JANUARY. O.ae of first lot purchasers Dec. 26, 1871. One of founders of the "Jockey Club" 1797 and of the Fayett5 Hospital 1816. One of his ancestor", Pierre January, came to America 1662 and the family trace back to the priests of Janus in Etruscan and Roman times it is said. One of original committee for organizing the Grand Lodge Lottery, This year saw the publication in Lancaster, Pa., of a book called "The Anti Christian" and Anti Social Conspiracy, an extract from the French of Ab- be Barruel." This work was bound with an alleged "Expose" called Jachin and Boaz, which was really a descendant of an old English work. Abbe Bar- ruel was a French Roman Catholic clergyman, with an amusing horrorof what he imagined Masonry to be. His work was first published in Americain 1798 and a copy sent to George Washington by a clerical gentleman who seemed genuinely alarmed over its absurdities. The war of 1812 drew a fearful toll from Kentucky Masons. Besides such men as Capt. N. G. T. Hart, Grand Master Daviess, Capt. Paschal Hickman (Frankfort) and Col. Abraham Owens (of Shelbyville), scarcely a lodge in the state but mourned the death of some gallant soldier, defending our liberties north of the Ohio. Page Nineteen Six companies of volunteers left Lexington alone, to be decimated at the Raisen and Frenchtown. Seven more companies were raised to succeed them. Daviess Lodge was chartered this year, in honor of our dead Grand Mas- ter, with David Castleman, as first Master. He was father of our Lousville Brother, Gen. Jno. B. Castleman. General William Henry. Admitted to No. I from Union No. 43 Pennsylvania, 1803. Took part in "Battle of the Thames," war of 1811. 1813-14. DANIEL BRADFORD. See 1803 1814. SAMUEL OWENS. Nothing known This was the year Pope Pius VI I issued his anti-Masonic bull and at the same time reestablished the Jesuit Order, which had for many years been using so-called Masonic degrees, manufactured by themselves in Europe, for fighting their way back into power in the church. Many of our early breth- ren were Catholics, but henceforth every effort was mile to force their re- nunciation of the craft, though they were not supposed to belong to it before. Some of the Masters of No. I have boen true church members and at the same time loyal to the craft, but that is no longer possible since a man cannot be a FREE Maon ard a(kncwledgeallegiar.ce to the hierarchy that now ccr.- trots the Catolic Church. Masons foster individual opinion. The capitular degrees were separated from the Blue Lodge in Kentucky this year. Eleven Royal Arch Masons from various parts of the state, namely Grand Master James Moore, Daniel Bradford, Anthony Butler, John Tilford. A. Dumesnil, Willis A. Lee, Roht. Brenham, J. Brown, Cdry L. Clark, J. A. Mitchell and Mitchell Ryan, petitioned the Grand Lodge for permission to form an independent chapter, Nov., 22, 1814 and this was granted. The chap- ters were to be held under the warrants of their respective lodges and the first chapter was at once opened in Lexington under varrant of Lexington Lodge. Subsequently chapters were opened under warrants of other lodges. A committee from the Grand Lodge, Gabriel Tanny, John J. Marshall and J. B. January, the latter from No 1, were appointed to obtain the incorpora- tion of a grand lodge lottery to raise 30.000 to build a Grand Hall. This was the usual manner of raising large sums quickly in those days; but the ex- perience of the Grand Lodge with that lottery demonstrated its evils suffici- ently to make Masons in Kentucky opposed to such precedure in the future. The Ken ucky Agricultural Soziety establ shell to rebuili the ravages of war and "Spotted-fever." Bro. Fielding Brad'orl printed the first library catolague 181 5 OVERTON. See 1811. 1815 Gen. William Logan. Page Twenty Portrait is first on left in accompanying cut. Gen. Logan was born Dec. 8, 1776 at Harrisburg, being oldest son of Gen. Ben Logan, Died in Shelby Co. July 8, 1822. In constitutional convention of 17A9; Captain of Light Infantry, 1816; U. S. Senate 1819-20. Speaker of Kentucky House 1804-6. Twice Judge of Court of Appeals and an "Old Court" leader during that famous controversy. This year, January 27, the Legislature granted a charter for the Grand Lottery, naming as trustees, Gabriel Tandy, John Tilford and W. H. Richardson, all of Lexington lodges. The Lexington Female Benevolent Society was organized this year, hav- ing many such Masons as Rev. John Ward, Dr. Frederick Ridgely and Col. Morrison behind it. 1815 BRADFORD. See 1803. The Walnut Street lot of No. I was offered to the Grand Lodge to build a Temple upon. This year the Fayette Hospital, now known as the E. K. Asy- lum, owed its origin chiefly to Masonic activity. We find among the contribu- tor, Rev. Stephen Chipley whose son afterward was Master of No. I and head of the Asylum; the Trotters, Januarys, Youngs, Todds. Dr. Ridgeley, John Pope, the Bradfordt, Michael Fishee, R. H. McNair, DavidCastleman, nearly if not all of whom were educated Masons. Col. George Trotter, whose pcrtrait is here shown, died Oct. 13, 1815, a memnber of No. 1. His father and family as well as the hero-worshipping public, were grief strick- 'en and the charitable efforts of the Trotters in many di- rections no doubt were stimulated by the thought that they were erecting an imperishable monument to him. The man who first suggested the Fayette Hospital was Bro. Andrew McCalla, assistant postmaster 1799 and first librarian 1795. The third Masonic Lodge in Lexington was chartered this year, Murry 35, with Joseph C. Breckinridge as first Master This year the Grand Lodge granted the Chapters under warrants from Lexington, -Frankfort and Shelbyville lodges, permission to organize an inde- pendent Grand Chapter. This brought the Kentucky Masons into conflict with the General Grand Chapter which was finally settled through the efforts of Bro. Thomas Smith Webb, who granted new charters to the Kentucky chapters October 16. November 23, Jeremy L. Cross established a Council of Royal and Select Masters in Lexington, originally known as Lexington but now as Washington No, 1. Page Twenty One 1817 JAMES LOGUE. Fifth Librarian of Lexington a position he held for 25 years. Also a School- teacher. Master of No. 75 in 1826 and member of 22 in 1839. Came from the north and died a bachelor. The cornerstone of the Fayette Hospital was laid by the Masons June 20, Henry Clay being orator of the day. The building was not completed until 1822 when a financial crisis caused the contributors to turn it over to the state. The U. S. Branch Bank was established in Lexington with Bros. Morrison, W. T. Barry, John Tilford and John H. Morton among directors. So many Federal and State Banks had sprung up that the financial situation was de- moralized. The Freemasons especially suffered through the'r Grand Lottery and the depreciation of the paper currency they were accepting for tickets. The Grand Chapter was formed Dec. 4. The Prestonian lectures of Thos. Smith Webb were adopted in Kentucky at the instance of Bro. W. G. Hunt. 1817 SAMUEL HUGHES WOODSON. Came to Lexington fram Jessamine Co. where he was Court Clerk. Grand Master 1819. Congressional representative 1820-23. Died 1827. Portrait in possession of Filson Club, shown with Mr. Logan above. 1818 FRANCIS WALKER. A stone cutter. High Priest 1829. S. G. D. 1814. G. Tyler 1815-26. Died during the Cholera plague of 1833. Bro. Thos. Bodley, Grand Master. Bros. Worsley and Smith published the first directory of Lexington this year. 1819 WM. LOGAN. See 1815. Bro. Wm. Gibbes Hunt established the "Western Review" whose numbers are full of pioneer anecdote. 1819 HUBBARD B. SMITH. Attorney at law. Thomas Smith Webb died July 6 and the Grand Lodge and Lexington Chapter united in memorial services. Samuel H. Woodson Grand Master. Bro. Webb had been about to help the local Knight Templers organize a commandery, which was delayed on this account till next year. 1820 HENRY CLAY. Probably initiated between 1798 and 1801. Born April 12, 1777 in Hanover Co. Va., and came to Lexington 1797. Junior Warden of No. 1. in 1802. State Representative 1803-9. Congressional Representative 1812, 1816, 1818, Grand Master 1820, S. H. Woodson succeeding him in Congress U. S. Senator 1818-25-36. Professor of Law in Transylvania. Thrice Presidential candidate. Defeated each time by Page Twenty Two Brother Mason. For many years Grand Orator. Envoy Extraordinary and Min ister Plenipotentiary to Ghent in 1814, having been one of the first to advocate war and now helping to terminate it He it was who was called the "Great Commoner" who said I would rather be right than President. Died in 1852 and was buried with Masonic [onors. Cornerstone of the Clay monument laid by Masons July 4, 1857. When the statue was struck by lightning Bro. John C. Cramer of No. I was instrumental in starting movement that obtained appropriation from Legisla- tion to replace it, though the committee in charge did not invite the Masons to the unveiling. Much campaign material was made of the fact that Clay demitted from Lexington Lodge, and because it was declared that he had "recanted" on ac- count of the Morgan excitment of 1826, it may be well to say that the true reason was quite otherwise, though honorable, and the date was November 18, 1824, some tvo years before Morgan had thought of being murdered. Clay had failed in a master effort to revive the agitation for a National Masonic Convention and being accused of unworthy motives, felt that he could honor. Page Twenty Three ably do nothing but withdraw from their fellowship. He continued to visit his brothers, and their are records to show that he visited his own Grand Lodge in 1831. Clay was also Grand Master of Kentucky in 1820 and John Snow issued a charter January I for Webb encampment No. I which is now unfortunately known as No. 2 on account of having lost this charter which was taken to Missouri by Dr. Norwool while the Knights Templar were dormant after the Cholera Plague. The Bank of Kentucky was chartered this year, only to add to the finan. cial confusion. Clay's entire life was a Masonic one though at times he did not keep his temper within due bounds, as witness his duels with Humphrey Marshall and John Randolph, his brother Masons. His course in the Missouri Compromise and in recognition of the South American Republics which were being wrested from Spain by men yearning for liberty; attested his desire to be just and right. Benevolent Lodge No. 58 was chartered as the first country lodge in Fay ette and the fourth all told in the county, Blue Springs or "Old Union" was its home and Thomas Allen its first Master. 1820 JAMES GRAVES. Not known which Graves this was. Judge Soule Smith in his newspaper history of Webb Commadery says he was related to J. M. Graves who cannot now be found. James Blair an old member of No. I became first Master of No. 68 at Port William now (now Carrollon). The Lexington Advertiser and Western Masonic Recorder, published at this time gives evidence of Masonry strength and reputation. At the close of this year the financial panic began to be seriously felt by all. Politics were split up into "Relief" and "Anti.Relief" forces, the former seeking drastic laws granting a stay of execution upon all judgements to allow creditors more time to recuperate. When these laws were passed by the legislature the Courts of Appeals declared them unconstitutional because etroactive and the "Relief Party" attacked the courts and a new court wars rcreated in favor of the laws, but the old courts would not give way. The parties then became known as New Court and Old Court parties. By 1821 the controversy was so fierce that only the cool headed action of Bro. Robert J. Breckenridge saved many deaths during the "Brick-bat war." He sought the leader of the opposition party to his own, Charlton Hunt, the young idol of "Relief" forces, and walked between the combatants down the street, arm in arm. Hunt was the son of Bro. Jno. Wesley Hunt of No. I but not himself a Mason. His popularity during this political struggle, gained him the Mayor- ship in 1832 when he became the first Mayor under the charter. Page Twenty Four 1821. JAMES MASON PIKE. Jeweler. High Priest 1822-26; Grand Marshall 1822-5; Charter member of Botanical Society of Rafinesque in 1824; and of the Kentucky Association of Horse Breeders 1826; Commander of K. T. 1828. Master of Trotter Lodge 1829. Grand High Priest. No portrait has been found by inquiry among the Warrens and Duncans of the Blue Grass, but one may be if a future historian can trace Amos Adams of Baton Rouge, Grand Master of Louisiana before the Civil War, and Wm. S. Pike, Grand Treasurer of same aboat that time 1858. Born of these were connections of James Mason Pike. Pope Pius issued his second anti-masonic bull this year. 1822. MAJ. RICHARD B. BARKER. The accompanying cut, from left to right shows Major Parker, Dr. Maxwell. John Brennan, Col. Francss McLear, and Harry I. Bodley sketches of whom follow. Major Parker was Captain of Light Infantry 1816 19 and made Bridgadier Major in 1825. Master of Nelson 107, 1845; High Priest of No. 1 1849; 1860-1; 1865; Master of Devc- tion Lodge 1859; 1863-4. His Royal Arch Regalia was presented to Lexington Chapter by his family and his daughter. Mrs. E. Pierce of Newburg, Indiana, presented the portrait to No. 1. He died at her residence in New York; June 21, 1876. Trotter Lodge No. 75, with Dr. W. H. Richardson, Master formerly of Georgetown, was chartered this year. See portrait under 1809, Dudley. Bro. W. G. Hunt was publishing "The Masonic Miscellany and Ladies Literary Magazines." The Grand Lodge proceedings this year were printed by Bro. Joseph Ficklin, affiliated with Lodge No. 25, but afterward Post-master of Lexington. Bro. Jno. McKinny, Gr. Master. Group of Lexington Masonic Postmasters. From left to right, John W. Hunt, Jos Ficklin. T. S. Redd, L. B. Todd, W. S. McChesney and his assistant J. C. McChesney. 1822 Dr. JOSEPH LIVINGSTON MAXWELL. Born in Lexington January 5, 1799, son of John Maxwell the pioneer who came from Scotland 1751 and to Kentucky 1774. Educated in Translyvani . as physician and minister. Married Sinai N. Roman 1823 and practiced in Lex- ington removing to Missouri 1844. Served in the Mexican and Civil Wars as Surgeon with rank of Major. Died at Independence, Mo., Sept. 12, 1864. We are indebted for the portrait to Mr. Eugene Blake of Kansas City, Missouri. Page Twenty Five Lexington Royal Arch Chapter dedicated a hall of its own this year, Jan., 17, where the City National Bank now stands, and the Rev.John Ward, Rector of Christ Church 1813-19, delivered a Masonic address. The most important business of the year perhaps was the unsucceessful attempt of Bro. Clay to found the Nat- tional Grand Lodge which had been the dream of great Masons since 1790. March 9, 1822, a convention of prom- inent Masons mostly Congressmen, met in Washington and l addressed a circular to all the Grand Lodges. No one who reads the names of the men who formed the committee to bring the circular to the attention of theirGrand Lodges, Rev. Jno. Ward. can now doubt heir motives, but the movement was c-ushed entirely by Kentucky deserting her great Grand Master after uphold- ing and encouraging him. Thomas R. Ross, of Ohio was chairman and Wm. Darlington, of Pennsyl- vania, Secretary. Other signers were, John Marshall, Past Grand Master of Virginia, ex-governor and then Chief Justice; Henry Clay, of Kentucky, W. H. Winder, Grand Mdster of Maryland; Wm. S. Cardell, N. Y.; Joel Abbot, Ga.; John Holmes, Me; H. Baldwin, Pa,: Jno. H. Eaton, Tenn; Wm. W. Seaton, Washington: Christopher Rankin, Miss; H. G. Burton N. C. and Rev. Thad- deus Ma3on Harris of Mass. 1823 EENNETT PEMBERTON SANDERS. Nothing known. Went to Frankfort or came from there. Relatives know of no portrait. This was the year the Court of Appeals held the replevin acts unconstitutional as above mentioned and created so much political excitement. The Grand Lodge abandoned the publication or preservation of lodge returns until 1839. No reason is known for this unless economy in printing, 1823 PIKEo See 1821. 1824 JOHN BRENNAN. Came from Ireland. Part owner of Postlethwait and Brennan Tavern now the Phoenix Hotel. Afteiward member of No. 22. Died Nov., 12, 1851. Grand Hall begun on Main street between Spring and Broadway instead of on Walnut street lot. Cornerstone laid June 1. The building Committee consisted of Thomas Smith, Leslie Combs, John Tilford, and John Brand. The Grand Lottery had been a very poor success as it still owed Bro. Dr. Lewis Marshall half of the 20.009 prize won by him. This incubus finally resulted in a lawsuit and much hard feeling. This year the New Court of Appeals was organized, dividing the state in- to Old Court and New Court parties. Masons were generally "Old Court" adherants. 1824. LEVIL HILTON. Nothing known. Henry Clay demitted Nov. 18 following collapse of the Grand Lodge of U. S. project. Page Twenty Six 1825. GEN. JNO. MOORE McCALLA. Capt. of Lexington Light Infantry and 1813 first Capt., of Citizens Artillery, afterwards known as Lexington Independent Light Infantry. 1812, Adj. Genz- eral and General. Distinguished himself in battle. 1829 Editor of Gazette; 1830, Grand Master. Was attorney and U. S. Marshall at 70 East Main Street, and erected and lived in the old Gratz House in Gratz Park. Was High Priest. Died in Washingtoz,, D. C. LA rATETTE NALL. The pleasure of your company is requested. CRA RLES WILKINS, BENJAMIN. C RATZ, JOH.N POSTLETIH WAIT, THOMAS SmITH. ELISHA WARFIELD, LESLIE COMBS, JOtiN W. HUNT, JAMES W. PALMER, JOHN El. NIORTON, THOS. L, CALDNN F-LL, WILLIAM W. WOIRSiEY, W1LUA1 M. 1BRAND. I;Li17TAJ IAN1425 Page Twenty Seven It was during his term as Master, May 16, 1825, that LaFayette visited the Masons in Lexington and was feted and honored by the entire town. The above cut of the program of the ball given to him indicates the standing of Masonry locally at that time. The Chapter had charge of the ceremonies of the occasion and the city lodges joined in them. Lexington Lodge has a drawing of the apron LaFayette wore and his original sash worn when visiting his brothers in Lexington, presented by Bro. J. G. Sandusky. This visit of the great Frenchman was only one incident in a long journey through many states, in which Masons vied' with each other in biddning him welcome. He was made honorary member of two or three Grand Lodges and was present at the inauguration of several monuments to Masons, such as Bunker Hill, Count Pulaski, Gen. Nathaniel Green and Washington. 1825. COL. FRANCIS M'LEAR. Farmer and stockbreeder. Col. M'Lear was himself a Catholic, though the Pope Leo issued another encyclical against Masons this year. 1826. JAMES STIVERS. Nothing known. Gen. Leslie Combs presented a copy of Stuart's Washington to the Grand Lodge and Masons were inaugurating monuments to Baron DeKalb and eulog- izing Adam and Jefferson. In Lexington Masonic memorial services were held for these two great Masons and Isaac Shelby. Dr. Joseph G. Chirin, afterward to become Master of No. I was this year a member of Leesburg 72. 1826 HARRY 1. BODLEY. Son of Gen. Thomas Bodley whom he succeeded as Clerk of the Fayette Circuit Court, serving 11 years. First Master of No. 107, in 1839 and High Priest of No. 1, 1841. Resigned clerkship to practice law which he abandoned and moved to Missouri, becoming an underwriter in St. Louis. Born Sept. 26 1804; married Jessie Bledsoe's daughter 1826; died at resi- dence in Kirkwood, Mo. 1883. This was the year of William Morgan's celebrated disappearance. but Lexington was little affected by the after excitment and accusations of murder. The Grand Hall was dedicated October 26. Brother Matthew Kennedy was the architect. Page Twenty Eight 1827. GIDEON SHRYOCK. Architect and graduate of the Ald- ridge Lancasteiian Architectural School of Wm. Strickland, Philadel- phia. Designed Morrison Chapel, Old Court House at Louisville ard the old State Capitol at Frankfort. The famous "Winding Stairs" in the central building will long remain one of the wonders of American Architecture. They spring from the wall without any underneath supports. Shryock was born in Lexing- ton 18b0. The only portrait of him is an oil in light colors much bat- tered by rough usage in Civil War, owned by his grand daughter Mrs. Willis Field on West High Street. It could only be photographed through chromatic lens. The Grand Council of R. S. M. W_3 organize in Frankfort this year Dxnc. 10, by six councils all of which had received new or original warrants from John Barker. Thomas Barlow, a Brother of Lexington Lodge built a small locomotive and passenger car this year. It was merely a model and he never seems to have been able to push his invention. He was also the inventor of a plane- tarium and in 1840 invented a rifled cannon and a nail and tack machine. 1827 DERRICK WARNER. The cut shows from left to right, Shryock, above mentioned, Warner the subject of this sketch and Harney, Neet and Johnson refered to below, Derrick Warner was born 18C0 and died July 18, 1884, living all his life in Lexington. He was the great!!st ritualist of his day and taught Judige J. Soule Smith from whom Bro. Dave Eastin re- ceived his lectures and through whom our present Master J. J. Roszell receiv- ed them. Warner was High Priest of No. I 1836-8 and passed through all the chairs of the Grand Lodge, becoming Grand Master 1838. He was Grand Master of No. I also in 1831, 1837 and 1839. His portrait was presented to th-t Lodge by his admirers. Page Twenty Nine 1826 HENRY SAVARY. This year Edmund Bullock, the last of the original trustees of 1795, conveyed the Walnut street lot to the Master Savary, Gideon Shryock, Derrick Warner, as a new Board. 1828 RICHARD HENRY. Two of the town lodges, No. 33 and 73 became defunct. A dispensation was granted for Mt. Moriah Lodge with Robert J. Breckenridge as first Master, but no charter ever prayed. A second country lodge, Athens 91, was chartered with James Brassfield as Master. Lexington now had only odges No. I and No. 22 with two country lodges in the county, No. 58 and 91. Robt. J1 Breck- inridge. 1829. BENJAMIN HARNEY. Merchant Portrait from daguerreotype through kindness of Mrs. M. K, Pre ivitt 510 N. Broadway and Mr. Chas. Edge. 1829 Capt. JNO. NEET. Assisted in "cornerstone laying" of first stone sill of the first railroad west of the Alleghenies, chartered January 7. 1830, and laid Oct. 22, 1831. Was then captain of the Rifle Guards. Moved to Versailles 1844 and died there. Child. ren furnished portrait from old daguerreotype. "Mac Adam" streets were advocated in Lexington by Henry Clay this year, and the Grand Lodge was one of the first to take them up. Clay visited the Grand Lodge this year, Pius VI I issued an anti-Masonic Bull. 1830 JOHN B. JOHNSON. Saddle and Harness maker and later in life a farmer. City Councilmsn 1838. Treasurer of Union Fire Co.; Postmaster General under Leslie Combs; High Priest of No. 1, 1846. The Grand Lodge was still having trouble with its lottery debt and made the startling proposal to allow Lexington Lodge to donate its Walnut street lot to pay same. Anti-Masonic literature was being industriously circulated this year The James C. Odiorn collection was printed and distributed from Boston. 1831 DERRICK WARNER. See 1827. The cornerstone laying of the Lexington and Ohio railroad took place Dec. 21. Such Masons as John Brand, Robert Wickliffe, Micheal Fishel and L she Combs were among the backers. Page Thirty Jo'in Brand was admitted to Daviess No. 22 from Dundee, Scotland. An- cient Lodge 54, in 1815, and though never a member of No. 1, he deserves mention here to illustrate the Masonry of that day. The Napoleonic wars had ruined Brand in Scotland where he had been a large merchant. He left ab- solutely bankrupt, came to America and here in Lexington by industry and brains accumulated another fortune. He at once wrote back to Scotland and paid every farthing he owed, which caused the skeptical and canny Scotch to remark that there was one honest man in America at any rate. Brand was a charter member of the Kentucky Association and a City Councilman in 1832. His portrait shown with Andrew Jackson below. John Quincy Adams was very violent in his newspaper denunciations of Masons this year. 1832 GIDEON SHRYOCK. See 1827. Lexington was granted a charter by the Legislature this year January 12 and the trustee system was abolished. Chariton Hunt became first Mayor. In the counc'l were several Masons, notably, Richard Ashton, Thomas P. Hart, Judge T. M. Hickey, Gen. Leslie Combs and Jno. Brand. Andrew Jackson P. G. M. of Tenn. visit- ed Lexington and was entertained at Fow- ler's Garden, such Masons as Gen. Mc- Calla and Governor Breathitt doing the honors. His portrait is to the right of the _i Gl Illi l t 1 side cut. It was this year that Pope Gregory XVI publishsd his anti-masonic bull and about the same time the 'Cerneau Coun- cil" -was revived in New York. This was Ino. Brand Andrew Jackson' in reality the old "French Rite", like the clergy and nobles in Mexico were using as opposed the "York Rite", and which the Jesuit order had so much to do with organizing in France. 1832 JOHN KEISER. No portrait existing. Uncle of Ben. C. Keiser and merchant. Ben. Keiser was assistant to Postmaster Jordan and a life member in 1876. He died January 22, 1883 Portrait furnished by Miss Lizzie Keiser his daughter. Be!n. C. Keiser Page Thirty Csne 1833 JOHN LEWIS. The cut from right to left show the Masters noted hereafter as John Lewis, subject of this sketch, Mc- Cracken, Catherwood, Bradley. Mc- Cornathy, Zimmerman, Vanpelt and March, the last three in the smalI lo vvr row, ending with Mirch. Lewis was a contractor and cai- penter. He came from Virg nia. Built the Stone house on East Maxwell, now the home of Judge Kinkead; the first Baptist Church; and the last Grand Hall. His shops were on the corner of Short and Jefferson, now owned by Fry. During the Civil War he was put in jail as Confederate sympathizer by Col, Milward. Born about 1797. Died 1872. He was also Master 1838; 1844; 1847; 1852 and 1856 and High Priest of No. I in 1848. The Grand Lodge was so harrassed with the lottery debt to Dr. Marshall that they tendered him the Grand H-All on High Street in settlement and he refused to take it and the following year sued for the money. LaFayette died May 24 of this year and the Lexington Chapter led in honoring his memory. The fatal Cholera plague reached Lexington and hundreds of citizens succumbed, among them General Bodley and Bro. John Post'etwait who both died the same day. At least 500 perished and 150) sickened. Dr. Caleb W. Cloud was another beloved victim. He started hi, Masonic career preaching the funeral sermon of Grand- Ma9ter Daviess. Hegaveup his church and made a living practicing medicine rather than subvert his theological notions to his church authorities. His Masonic friends aided him in building another chapel which was literally erected to God and dedicated to Holy St. John and the cornerstone laid by the Grand Dr. Cloud Lodge. Ile was made Grand Chaplain and in this chapel he preached without pay and invited other denominations to do likewise. A manual of anti-Masonry was published in Louisville this year and the writer has seen an abortive attempt to do the same in Lexington, but the later was apparently not completed. 1834. LARKIN B. SMITH. Attorney; State Representative 1838. A great religious revival fo'lowed the cholera and hundreds joined churches. Many orphans and destitute were to be cared for. A mass meeting at the Court House raised money for an Or Page Thirty Two phan Home, and the property of Bro. James Fishback was purchased for that purpose, on Third Street, and for a quarter of a century this institution cared for the distressed with no other remuneration than public contributions. Many prominent Masons were back of the enterprise. The Grand Lodge for the first time in History met in Louisville, owing to the pres nt cholera plague, during which the Lodge rooms had been tendered by the Masons and used as a hosnital. Dr. Fi!hback 1834 WM. HUEY. March 1. 1834, the City Council established the first modern Free public school in Lexington. Two of the first three trustees are known to have been Masons and the first principal, Josiah Gayle was likewise a Mason being Mas- ter ot No. I at a later date. The Catholic Church quickly followed the city's footsteps by bringing the first parochial school from Scott County-St. Catherines Academy. 1835 JOHN McCRACKEN. Farmer. Commander of K. T. in 18Ad and High Priest 1854; T. I. M. 1843-5 a-id 1852-9. Born 1780 and died July 25, 1843. The cut shows him in the cld regulation Knights Templar uniform, being reproduced from an ambrotype through the k;ndness of his grandaughter Mrs. F. H. Norton. The second mayor of Lexington this year was Bro. James E. Davis of No. 1 who saw the first train run over the completd Lexington and Ohio railrod, January 24, 1835. 1835 ANDREW H. CALVIN. Farmer and afterward Master of No. 58. Athens Lodge No. 91 be. came defunct. 1836 JOHN CATHERWOOD. Born in Harrison County Sept. 25. 18J5, educated in public schoo!s and moved to Lexington 1823. An expert machinist. Partner of Bro. John Wesley Hunt (father of the Page Thirty Three first Mayor) in woolen factory 1835-7. Moved to Winchester 1844 and died there Nov. 4, 1882. Portrait furnished by Mrs. Edmund Bean, his daughter. The Grand Hall burned down this year and the anti-Masonic excitement had gotten as far as Pennsylvania, where the Legislature was in control of the bigots. The Grand Lodge made arrangements to lease the grand lottery to D. S. Gregory of N. J. 1836 THOMAS BRADLEY. Born in Madison Co. June 23, 1811 and began life in Lexington as blacksmith in 1829. Added hardware to blacksmithing at his shop, on corner Mulberry (Limestone) and Barr, and was again chosen Master, and also in 1850 when he was likewise High Priest. Branched out into real estate 1856; opened banking (Grindstead and Bradley) 1873 and retired to farming. Member of City Council two years. Portrait from miniature loaned by Mrs. W. S. Barnes of North Broadway, his daughter. 1837 WARNER. See 1827. Odd Fellows established their first lodge this year. Lexington had still 50 factories, invested capital of i4.000.000 and a population of 7.000. No. I again offered her lot on Walnut Street for building a Grand Hall, to replace the one burned last year. In this fire No. I lost her original Kentucky Charter which had to be re- placed. Also many valuable records and books were destroyed. 1837 HERBERT McCONATHAY Merchant. Portrait furnished by his niece, Mrs. Laura Darling of Eagle Grove, la. and by nephew, Pro. McConathy of Louisville. 1838 ANDREW GIBSON. Farmer and merchant. Bro. McCalla made chairman of the new building committee and the contract let to Bro. Jno. Lewis whose original offer was on a two story building with basement, for 15.000. The earliest extant copy of our by-laws dates this year. Bro. Mathurin Giron opened his French "Saloon" to the elite this year, and needless to say it was more nearly a confectionary shop than like the modern drink emporium of that name. 1839 WARNER. See 1827. Bro. C. H. Wickliffe, editor, was Mayor this year. He had been admitted to No. I from Daviess the previous year. Nelson No. 107, a third city lodge was chartered this year with Harry 1. Bodley as first Master. 1839. JNO. F. ZIMMERMAN. Printer. Went to Danville, Franklin Lodge No.28. Father of Bro. D. N. Zim- merman of 160, who furnished his portrait. Returned to Lexington 1867 was made life member in 1872-4. Evidently the craft forgot this for we find him voted again a life member in 1884. Died Oct. 13, 1885. 1840. CATHERWOOD. See 1836. Page Thirty Four 1840. SANFORD BOYER VANPELT. Born Sept. 22, 1808 and died Sept. 7, 1873 in Lexington. His father, also member of No. I came from Virginia. A merchant and Union sympathizer in Civil War. Portrait furnished by his son S. B. Vanpelt Jr. in Danville. The cornerstone of the new Grand Lodge Hall was laid July 3. Bro. C. R. Priziminski, Professor in Transylvania, was the architect, and Past-master Lewis the contractor. The trustees of No. 1, Shryock and others, conveyed the Grand Lodge officia's, George Breckinridge being Grand Master, a lease for 100 years on the Walnut Street lot where this last temple was built. Masonic Hall, Lexington,. Torn Down, December, a8gi. 1841 JAMES MARCH. Cabinet maker and furniture dealer. Warehouse at 27 Mulberry Street. City Councilman 1838-9. Portrait furnished by Mrs. James March, hisdaughter-in- law. The new Temple was dedicated Sept. 1 1841. The Grand Lodge was incorporated by legislature January 29. Daniel Bradford was Mayor this year and the Grand Lodge desired to es- tablish a Masonic School. It was realized in the bequest of Wm. M. Funk of 10.000 for its establishment at LaGrange. The institution was in a flourish- ing comdition alwxy. un il the Civil War. The lottery debt was finally paid. Page Thirty Five 1842 ELIHU HOGAN. The cut from left to right, top row shows, Past-masters Hogan, Harper, Hall, Payne, Chipley; and bottom row, Yellman, Brand and Chinn. Elihu Hogan was a stone mason when he came to Lex- ington, and his Masonic integ- rity won for him the sobri- quet of "Old Stone Hammer 11", in recognition of the parallel of his life with that other great stone and free-mason, governor Metcalfe the first bearer of that name. He was High Priest 1845; Master and T. 1. M. 1846; Commander of K. T. 1855 and Master again in 1859. Came to Lexington in 1837 and in 1844 dropped the hammer to become State Representative, in 1851 defeating Oliver Anderson, the first Master of Devotion Lodge, for the State Senatorship. Portrait from a pastel furnished by his daughter Mrs. M. H. Roberts, 159 N. Main St., Asheville, N. C. Bro Ho- gan was a great ritualist and lecturer and introduced Masonry into some sec- tions of the Red River country. 1842. WM. SHANNON HARPER Born Feb. 13, 1819 in Wilmington, Del., and died in St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 1884. Portrait furnished by Mr. James Bean of Lexington, a nephew. A railroad promoter. President of the Iron Mt. R. R. in St. Louis. Bro. Logue succeeded Bradford as Mayor and occupied the office until 1845. 1843. JOSIAH GAYLE. First principal of the City School, originally a room on W. Short between Spring and Jefferson. His only daughter in Maysville states there never was a portrait. A financial panic was in full blast; the anti-Masons donated 7 volumes to the public library, where they may still be seen by the curious; the National Ma- sonic Convention met in Baltimore with 16 states represented, but Kentucky taking no part; the committee on the Orphan Asylum recommended the school which was soon established with Bro. Funks bequest and the new Temple was reported ready for use. with kitchen in the rear and total cost of 23,500. 1843 AUGUSTUS HALL Plasterer; Director in Union Fire Co; High Priest 1844; Quartermaster Sergeant of Lexington Military under Gen. Leslie Cimbs. Portrait furnished by daugh- ter, Miss Hall of Cynthiana. Page Thirty Six 1844. LEWIS. See 1833. The Grand Lodge committee on the National Grand Lodge proposition report- ed approving it, and the report wes laid on the table. Lagrange was officially selected as the seat of the Masonic School. 1844, HU. B. PAYNE. Born July 16 1795 in Mason Co.; went to Georgetown, Ohio and became a merchant; elected by legislature as Judge of Common Please 1832; moved to Lexington 1837 and was Secretary on No. I for many years. Died in Orange, N. J. Oct. 3), 1877. Portrait furnished by Bro. J. L. Watson. Masonic Mirror, published by Bro. B. D. Cruikshanks of Maysville, was made the official organ of Freemasonry in Kentucky. The editor died the following year. 1845 BRADLEY. See 1836. Wm. Holloway of No. 25, afterward a member of No. I was Grand Master this year. Lodge No. 107 in Lexington expired. Bro. Cassius Marcellus Clay, son of Green Clay, established his "True American" anti-slavery paper and was run out of town, but came back and secured justice. He did much to secure neutrality in the Civil War, by this early effort at arousing public sentiment against slavery. 1845. FREDERICK MEYERS. Nothing known. 1846. HOGAN. See 1842. The war with Mexico took toll of the craft in Lexington where two com- panies were raised, officered by Masons. Captain Cassius Clay of No. 22 commanded one and Capt. Oliver Hazard Perry Beard the other. The Grand Lodge, patrioticly permitted the degrees to be conferred on a number of can- didates in less than the regulation time so, that they could form an army lodge, else they might never have been able to receive them. From left to right, Oliver Anderson, C. M. Clay and Jno. H. Morgan. Bro. Thomas Ross was at that time Mayor. Among those taking the degrees byspecial dispensation were, Beard, Col. William McKee of Midway and Captain John H. Morgan,, afterward the famous Confederate Cavalry leader. The picture here shown of Morgan, first on the right, has never been published heretofore, and is one about the date he was made a Mason. It was furnished by Miss Lizzie Keiser. The cut shows Oliver Anderson on left end and C. M. Clay in middle. Pope Pius IX. issued another anti-Masonic bull this year. The Female School at Lagrange was added to the Masonic School. The first iron building in Lexington was erected from steel furnished by the local foundry. Page Thirty Seven 1847. LEWIS. See 1833. Bro. John Henry of No. 22 but formerly of No. I succeeded Ross as Mayor. Devotion Lodge 169 was chartered with Oliver Anderson as first Master. Representatives went to the burial of soldiers who fell in Mexico and were buried with Masonic honors in Frankfort. Grand Encampment of Kentucky was organized upon invitation of Lexington, Oct. 5. The Grand Lodge re- newed its controversy with Lexington Lodge over the Walnut street lot by appointing a committee to investigate the title. 1847. Dr. Wm. S. CHIPLEY. Born Oct. 18, 1810, only son of Rev. Stephen Chipley. Graduated 1832 in Transylvania and practiced in Alabama and Georgia, living among the Indians and being elected Mayor of Culumbus, Georgia. Prof. Medicine in Transyl- vania 1854-7 and in charge of Asylum for insane 1855. Went to Europe to study similar institutions 1857; resigned 1859 and opened private sanitarium at "Duncannan" which burned 1871 when he mov- ed to College Hill 1871. Died in Cincinnati Feb. ll, 1880. Portrait furnished by Mr. Boykin Jones, Pensacola, Fla. Chief Justice Robertson gave 15,000 to publish and distribute to school boys one of Dr. Chipley's health books. Dr. Chipley induced the Building of the State Feeble-minded Institution at Frankfort and the Deaf and Dumb Asylum at Danville. 1848. JNO. G. YELLMAN. Merchant. Portrait from his son Jno. H. Yellman. Good Samaritan Lodge 174, the fourth in the city this year, chartered with Samuel D. McCullough as first Master. The Grand Ludge recommended as Masonic literature the Craft- sman and Masonic Review of Cincinnati. Lexington contributed to the stone from Kentucky placed in the Washington Monument, the cornerstone of which was laid July 4, by Masons. 1848. WILLIAM BRAND. Born in Lexington May 28, 1826 and died in St. Louis Oct. 14, 1866. Studied in Transylvania and addmitted to bar, 1851. Moved to Booneville, Mo., 1857- 8. Served under Forrest in Confederacy and but for the General's death would have been his law partner in Memphis, Tenn. Declined nominations for Congress and State Senator in Alabama. Portrait furnished by his niece, Mrs. Robt. M. Kelly, President J. Q. Adam's anti-Masonic writings were being distributed in book form. 1849. RICHARD SMITH. Attorney. Telegraphic communication was opened with Louisville. Bro. 0. F. Payne was Mayor. TheLexingtonCemeterywasincorporated. Bros. James Dudley and Robt. L. Wickliffe elected delegates to Constitutional Convention. The Cholera plague revisited Lexington and slew 342. Page Thirty Eight 1849 McCONATHY. See 1837. 1850. AUG. HALL. See 1843. Lexington Cemetery was dedicated with Masonic ceremonies June 25. Bro. P. S. Ruter composed the ode sung on the occasion and Bros. R. J. Breck- ridge and E. F. Berkley preached the sermons. The Trustees of the Masonic College adopted the Kentucky School of Medicine of Louisville as part of the Masonic University, which the Cholera had greatly harmed. 1851. PROF. P. S. RUTER. Member of Transylvania faculty and also taught in the Masonic College at La- grange. Bro. E. W. Dowden was Mayor. Heavy appropriations to railroads were made under his administration, Bro. Elihu Hogan was lecturing to Red River Ironworks Lodge 233. 1851. INO. G. YELLMAN. See 1848. 1852. LEWIS. See 1833. EDGAR A. BROWN. Henry Clay died and was buried with Masonic honors July 10. The Henry Cassell anti-Masonic collection was circulated. John Snow, P. G. M. of Ohio, who granted Webb Commandery its charter in 1820, died May 16 and was mourned by local Mason. 1853 THOMAS B. BAXTER. Insurance Agent. High Priest this year. The old lard oil lamps for street lighting gave way to gas turned on July 23, the city purchasing 10,000 worth of its stock. The 14th General Grand Chapter convocation and the 12th General Grand Encampment of the U. S. met in Lexington Sept. 13. The Kentucky Free- mason, afterward the American Freemason was started in Louisville. 1854. Dr. DAVID J. AYRES. First Master of Morrison 103 at Danville in 1837. Admitted to No. 1 1852; Commander of K. T. 1856; Died May 16, 1862. Relatives know of no portrait Cunningham Lodge 295 at Briar Hill chartered with, John M. Thompson as first Master. 1854. JNO. W. BELL. Englishman. Manager of Hunt Catherwood's woolen factory; served under Clay in Mexican War. Bro. David A. Sayre, whose portrait is first on left in cut, this year founded Sayre Institute for girls. From left to right, D. A. Sayre, j 4 aldJ. D. Trapp, John C. Breckenridge _ and Roger W. Hanson. Page Thirty Nine 1853. T. B. BAXTER. So-ne local political troubles due to the breaking up of the old Whig party and the affiliation of its members with the "Know Nothings" or Native Americans, an anti-Romanist party, which soon disappeared. 1856. LEWIS. See 1833. 1. 0. 0. F. Merrick Lodge named for Bro. Wright Merrick. James Foulhouse, formerly a priest, this year "revived" Cerneauism in Louisiana to the great disturbance of all Southern Lodges. 1858. Dr. JOSEPH G. CHINN. The Masons dedicated Clay monument July 4. In othet sections such statues as that to Joseph Warren killed at Bunker Hill, were being inaugurated. Dr. Chinn was born in Bourbon Co. April 1, 1797: Wright Merrick volunteered in war of 1812; graduated from Transylvania; churchman, race horse owner, city councilman, Democrat, Unionist and Mayor of Lexington 1868. Went to Missouri and practiced medicine in Lafayette at one time. Portrait furnished by his grandson, Dr. C. W. Trapp. 1858, HOGAN. Grand Lodge moved to Louisville permanently. 1859-65. WILLIAM WASHINGTON BOYD. Born in Irvine, Estill Co. Dec. 19, 1823 and died Dec. 20O 1882. Chief characteristic was friendship and brotherly love and he made an ideal war Master. Was also an Odd Fellow. Came to Lexington from Richmond and engaged in the retail and wholesale drygoods business, first with the firm of Allen, Boyd Plunkett and finally buying the other out. Bro. Ben. T. Monroe was Mayor during Boyd's firsr term. Union troops used the lodge rooms as a hospital in 1864 and wantonly destroyed many valuable records. The first Chapter min- ute book was lost in this way and only recovered a few years ago in Western Kentucky. The flames of anti-Masonry sprang up afresh with civil strife, Richard- son's "expose" in 1860 and Duncan's 'expose" in 1866 were both printed in New York by the firm of Dick and Fitzgerald, and Pius IX issued his bull against Masonry in 1865, in the meanwhile throwing the weight of his influ ence to the cause of the south, from which some recognition of political authority might readily be expected. Masonic activities in Lexington were not suppressed however for we find records of rejection and elections of applicants from soldiers in camps around the city at various times. There were six lodges in the county. Lexington, Page Forty Devotion, Good Samaritan, and Davie.- in the city and Cunningham 295 at Briar Hill and Benevolent 58 at Blue Springs. Bro. Boyd was Master of Lex- ington during the Mastershlp of seven incumbents of the chair of Devotion Lodge, the only other existing at this time. One of these Devotion Masters was Bro. Joseph D. Trapp, shown next to Sayre in above cut who was one of the faithful workers an the army applications, together with such "old timers" as Bro. Henry Loevenhart, now of Devotion and formerly of Daviess, and No. 1, twice the Senior Warden ot the latter. The Civil War set brother against brother in a wave of passion that the Masons felt more deeply than others, such of our Blue Grass Craft as Gen. Roger W. Hanson and Gen John C. Breckinridge and Gen, Jno. H. Morgan of the Confederacy opposing the craft from the North. Portraits of Breckinridge and Hanson follow Sayre and Trapp in above cut. Naturally after the war, Masonry had so much reconstruction work to do that lodges grew in size and fewer in numbers. 1866-7 T. H. BROUGHTON. Merchant. Portrait first on left in the cut, furnished by nephew, Jno. W. Lancaster; Secretary of No. I. Athens Lodge was revived as No. 445 with T. C. Green as first Master. Bro. H. H, Gratz then a member of Daviess Lodge revived the old Gazette. Other fraternal orders began to multiply and engaged in reconstructive work. A. H. Calvin, Master at Blue Springs, dedicated the Masonic Hall there. James Hennessey, Master of 160 this year, was forced, by his priest to choose between the church and his lcdge. He choose the later. 1868. Dr. SAMUEL H. CHEW. - Farmer and one of the first to give at' ......... K tentionto breeding of trottinghorses. K X Commander of K. T. 1872. Portrait with that of Broughton above, furnished by his kinswoman, Mrs. JIno. T. Vance. Bro. J. G. Chinn was Mayor during his administration. Past G r a n d M a s t er Holloway became a member of No 1. Fayette Lodges be- gan to amalgamate, No. 295 surrender. ing its charter, leav- ing No. 58 and 44r the only country lodges. Wm. Holloway. JAMES HENNESSY. Page Forty One 1869. SANFORD BOYER VANPELT. Bro. J. T. Frazer became Mayor of Lexington and the Hocker Fernale SzhocI. owned by Masons, was removed here. Gen. Price, the artist, was a member of the lodge, now living in St. Louis (on left) 1870-2. Dr. GARRETT DAVIS BUCKNER. Born in Winchester January 21, 1887. Served in Union Navy under Admiral Porter as assistant surgeon. Came to Lexington in 1867. Grand Master 1882; High Priest 1870; 1873-5; 1885-6; Com- mander of K. T. 1871. Practically all business had resum- Gen. Price. ed in Lexington by 1870 though finances were still unsett'ed and there was much lawlessness. The population was 17,500 and the factories numbered 5F. But the modern "saloon" had replaced the old English and French places of entertainment and there were 35 of these affairs. Dr. Buckr.er's work was essentially one of reconstruction. The negro freedom and enfranchisement had been sudden and only the best of their race could guide them safely over the shoals of unprepard-for liberty, Negro Freemasonry sprung up, and other orders likewise were im- itated. It is said that in 1872 David Smith, Master of Oddfellows organized the Coloied Agricultural and Mechanical Association in the footsteps of the organization by farmers of the Agricultural and Mechanical Exposition which held its first meeting at Henry Clay's old home that year, and out of which ultimatdly grew State University and the old Chau auqua. Certiin it is that though negro freemasonry cannot be recognized by white freemasonry in its grand lodges, in such time that we are dealing with, a strong boid of sym. pathy has always existed between our Masonic leaders and our sriuggling black brothers. The old furniture of Lexington Lodge, even today reposes in a local negro lodge. A State lottery for the supposed benefit of public schools was also in full blast and swindled the people out of six millions before it broke. Paper cur- rency gave much trouble. In 1872 Benevolent Lodge 58 became defunct Judge J. Soule Smith beirg its last Master. Page Forty Two Judge Smith was affiliated with No. 1, and was Grand Master in 1887. He held alI local offices in Masonry and was a great ritualist and deep thinker. He died June 20, 1894. Among his pupils were, Jno. T. Kincaid, V. H. H. Davis, and J. T. Slade Jr. Only one country lodge was now I14-t. with four lodges in the city. At the beginning of Buckner's incumbency, the Grand Lodge revived its ancient id-a of appropriating Lexington Lodge property to its own us- and cited Lexington Lodg- to answer why its charter should not be taken away. Buckner did answer so fully and plainly that the Grand Lodge dropped the matter of taking away the charter. 1873. COL. WILLIAM POLLOCK CURTIS. Born July 27, 1849 at Irvine and died March 30, 1895 at Richmnond. Bookeeper. Mov- ed to New Orleans and served on the Governors staff. Land values-had decrea- 3I one fourth in Lexington owing to scarcity of labor. Mayor J. T. Frazer was reelected. Portrait above shows at left, Bro. Curtis, in center J. S. Vanmeter and next J. H. Web- ster. Curtis potrait furnished by his son in Richmond. Bro. Henry Loevenhart probably the oldest living Mascn in Fayette Co. demitted ftom No. I this year and subsequent- ly became several times master of 169. He was senibr War- den of No. 1 at the time of his dmit and went to Daviefs Lodge 22 being its Master 1874-5 and Cesu3Zit iting its war.ailg fortunes. Bro. Loevenhart was one of the old time workers In Lodge, chapter and council and knew what it meiant to wvolk in real Masonry. He was initiated in 174, Nov. 10, 1862 ard afterward affiliated with Nos. 1-22 and 160. He held the office of T. 1. M. from 1871 to 1899, and is still active in aLI branches. 1874. J. S. .VANMETER. Lexington Lodge was this year incorporated, being the second r's3ociaticn to take advantage of the old anti-bellum "Association" laws which had nev- r been used til this year. Febuary 12, 1874 eighty four members of No. 25 signed the "Articles of Association" incorporating the lodge as "Lexington Lodge No. 1, Ancient York Masons", prepared by a committee comrosed ( f Bros. Webster, Vanmeter, (portraits shown above) W. S. Chipley, D. V. John- son, G. D. Buckner, J. B. R-ddick, Geo. W. Didlake, Jno. F. Robinsor, Gec. B. Kinkead and Aaron K. Wooley. The articles are recorded in the Fayet'e County Clerks office, Book 1, pg. 3. Pope Pius IX issued another bull again t Masonry this year. Page Forty Three The Master J. S. Vanmeter was once County Attorney, and like Jesse Bledsoe left the law to enter the ministry. He was commander of the K. T. in 1876 and High Priest. Portrait furnished by Hon. W. P. Kimball. 1875. J. H. WEBSTER. Attorney. Born in Fayette, Oct. 16, 1838 and died May 15, 1885. Graduated in law at Transyl- a iia and served under Col. W. C. P. Breckenridge in the Civil War. Portrait from tintype presented by his land- lidy, Mrs. Parker, on Grosvenor Ave. 1876. D. V. JOHNSON Born 1848 and died Feb. 28, 1p00 in Lexington. Comn- mander of K. T. 1876; me- an ber Rifle Guards under John Morgan 1857; during war was W. C. P. Breck- railroad and bank cyerk; Sec- enridge retary of Gas dCompany 1869; later steamboat c!erk and manager his mothet's From lef, to right, D. Vertner Louisana plantation. Returned to Lexington as Johnson, Evan T. Warner secretary of Gas Comrpanl . Second Lieut. of and T. Logan Hocker. State Guards 1879. Mayor Frazer was re-elected this year; the National Centennial celebrated and the Tilden-Hayes controversy increased local political bitterness. Hayes was accused oG. being a "Know Nothing". Dick and Fitzgeralds 'expose" of Masonry called "Look to the East" was circulated. A Home for the Friend- less and an Industrial Homewere founded and received support of many local Masons. 1877, EVAN T. WARNER. Lawyer and son of Derrick Warner. Portrait furnished by his daughter. Mrs. Jos. H. Cassell of East Maxwell St. State College was born out of the A. M. Association. The Farmer's Grange being unable to prevent the depredations of negroes. the "Ku Klux K!an" so called, sprang into a brief prominence of lawlessness, which accomplished the purpose aimed at. Through the efforts of Bros. B. F. Buckner a noted attorney and lurist, and Past Master G. D. Buckner, the old controversy with the Grand Lodge was set led by compromise in which Lexington Lodge had to pay 2750 out of the proceeds of the Walnut St. property. 1878. T. LOGAN HOCKER. Insurance and Real Estate agent. Died 1910. Postrait furnished by his moth- her Mrs. J. M. Hocker. The Council and Chapter degrees were merged in the Chapter this year until 1882. The local Washington Council charter was kept in hiding however and never surrendered. judge Jere R. Morton of No Page forty Four I was High Priest this year. The first issue of what is now the Masonic Home Journal, dated Nov. 1, was received in Lexington. 1879. F. E. MATLACK. Railroad man. Portrait furnished from family at Covington. The Phoenix Hotel was burned and Lexington Centennial celebrated. Jere R. Morton Good Samaritan No. 174 went out of existancel 188. JOHN W. LANCASTER. F. E. Matlack Merchant, now our oldest living Past Master, and secretary of No. 1, since 1885 with exception of one year. The Grand Lodge this year laid the corner- stone of State University Oct. 8, 1880. The New Phoenix Hotel was built. The Mayor was e ected in 1879 by popular vote for first time and Bro. Frazer was re-elected. But this year still greater freedom of suffrage was wanted and a reform ticket was headed by Bro. C. M. Johnson and defeated BTO. Frazer, though oppc3el by such great men and Masons as Gen. 3. B. Huston. Rev. Thomas A. Tidball, rector of Christ Church (Episcopal) 1876.85. Initiated 1880 in No. 1. The great Irish Liberator, Charles Stewart Parnell vis- ited Lexington and speeches of welcome were made by Judge W. B. Kinkead and Judge J. Soule Smith, both well known members of Lexington Lodge, who were represent- ative of the sentiments of all Masons in joining with our Irish brothers under the leadership of Judge J. H. Mulligan Rev. T. A. Tidball in expressing sympathy in the cause of Irish liberty. The American Telegraph Company entered the city. The year closed with great political excitement in which shrewd politicians succeeded in fanning the flames of resentment between the "Irish vote" and the rest of the American voters. "The Gavel" was established in Danville and much read locally. Page Forty Five 188' BEN. WILKINS DUDLEY. The cut from left to right, top line, Past Master Dudley, Totten Warfield, Moore, and Davidson; bottom line, Slade, Duff, Zinn and Denny. B. W. Dudley wasIa descendant of B. W. Dudley who was Master in 1809, and also like him a phy- sician. He was born in Cincin- nati, 1838. Entered Ky. Military Inst., 1853; graduated in medicine 1858 and served in Confederate Army as surgeon with 2nd Ky. Infantry, being aid to Gen. Cosby, Went to Ohio and then to New York at close of war. Came to Lexington 1874. Commander of K. T. 1881. Portrait from ivory miniature painted in Italy, furnished by his daughter, Mrs. Clara Livingstone Dudley of Long Island. The first ice was manufactured this year. October 13, the Lodge purchased a life membership in the "Home" at Louisville. 1882. ALFRED 1. TOTTEN. Civil Engineer, and several times City Engineer. Platted the city 1889, and laid out routes of street railway. Portrait furnished by J. T. Slade Sr. City charter amended this year. 1883 JOHN (JACK) C. WARFIELD. Farmer and horseman, First Serg. in Lexington Guards 1879 and Commander of K. T. 1882. Portrait from his sister, Mrs. Sam Bennett. The Y. M. C, A. was reorganized this year with Bro. T. S. Bullock as president. Owing to Mayor Johnson's stand on the question of allowing free speech to a lecturer brought here by the "A. P. A.", of which organization he was not even a member, a certain element among the politicians dragged in the religious question as a campaign issue. Mayor Johnson refused to enter the usual primary when he saw how matters were arranged and ran inde- pendently, defeating his opponent, Dennis Mulligan, who had entered the race with reluctance. This affair intensified the feelings of our Irish brethren against all secret societies. which they supposed to be at the root of all their troubles. The year also saw the first free postal delivery, the first electric lights and water workf, piped over the city. The old courthouse was torn down and courts were held in the Walnut St., Masonic Temple. Thurlow Weed, one of the original anti-Masons of 1826, came out with a startling confession of mur- der made to him by one of the slayers of Morgan, but nobody believed him more than they had believed his original identification of the body proved not to be Morgan. Page Forty Six 1884-5-6. JOHN PRYOR MOORE. General Agent of the L. N. R. R. and now Supt. of Terminals in St. Louis. Second oldest Past Master. High Priest 1887-8; Commander K. T. 1890. Portrmit furnis wed by himself. Daviess LAge 22 surrendered its charter. June 1826 leaving only the two present lodge; in the city, whose membership was correspondingly increased. AthenR h.-d the only country lodge. Leo XII issued an anti-Masonic bull to which Albert Pike replied 1884. 1887. J. HULL DAVIDSON. Mayor of Lexington and Hotel manager. Commander of K. T. 1885. Fourth Sergeant of Lexington Guards 1879. Bro. Chas. W. Foushee succeeded John- son as Mayor and held that office till 1891. Athens Lodge became defunct and there are now no country lodges in Fayette. Lexington Lodge met for the last time in the old Walnut Street Hall Juue 17 and then moved to Odd Fel- low's Hall on Main. Portrait of Davidson furnished by his neice Mrs. Dave Hunter. 1883. JAMES T. SLADE Sr. Born Aug. 7, 1828 in Harrison County. Started life as mail carrier and stage driver. Went to school in Woodfard; taught school; expelled from George- town College for running up Confederate flag over the institution during war. Landed in Lexington with 35 cents and through cheese manufacture, cattle trading and real estate accumulated a competency. County Surveyor 1870, and laid out several pikes. His son Bro. J. T. Slade Jr. is likewise a surveyor and is now engaged in making new city block maps. No. I moved into its present quarters March 22, and celebrated its 100th anniversity Nov. 17. 1889. J. M. DUFF. Born Lee Co. Va., 1835 and died April I3 I1. Dry goods merchant in Tenn, Barbourville and Lexington, Ky. Served under Capt. Wm. Smith in Ashby's battalion in Confederate army and was taken prisoner of war. One of the founders of Hagerman College and of Security Trust Company. 1890. SAMUEL R. ZINN. Tailor. Came to Lexington from Winchester No. 20, 1887. Died while MaE- ter June 7, 18S0. This year Investment and B. L. Companies began to mud - dy the financial waters of Lexington. 1891. JUDGE GEORGE DENNY. B:rn at Paint Lick May 11 1848, and died in Lexington 1911. An able law- yer. Commonwealth's Attorney of Garrard 1874. Portrait furnished by his wife. Page Forty Seven 1892. JAMES LUSK WATSON. The accompanying cut, reading from left to right sho As Pazt Mas- ters Watson, Campbe'l, McConnell, -end Forman. Bra. Wat on wzs and is a drygoods merchant Hig-h Ptijest 1891; Commander cf K. T. 18M7y Bro. J. Hull Davidson was Mayor this year, being bitterly denounced as a supporter of "A. P. A." ism which he was not. The Kindergarden -.as introduced into the public schoo.s and the appropriation which had gone to parochial schocI3 was placed unecr the head of charities. Davidson prevented an attempt to abolish the office of Superinten.dent of Public Schools. The A. M. Association was absorbed by Kentucky Association. The State Centenrial was celebrated June 1. 1893 SAMUEL THEODORE CAMBELL. Merchant and Broker now of Mansfield Ohio. An injunction prevented fur- ther division of public school funds with the paroc' ill szhool3. 1894. J. R. MzCONINELL. Merchrnt. Moved to Aurora Indiana a-id died there. Free turnpikes voted by people. No. I moved to the Skillman building on Short near BrTsAdcway, running back to the lot upon which the present Temple is being hr ilt. rro. W. S. Marshall published "The Kentucky Craftsme'n" a short liv21 but splen- did newspaper; also a Directory of the lodge. 1895, THDMAS T. FORMAN, Attorney. Born in Richmond Dcc. 29, 1852. Studied Law at Center College and graduated from University of Virginia 1871. Taught zchool and studied law under J. Q. Ward of Cynthiana; licensed by Court of Appeal,; practice] in New Orlean3; demitted from St. Andrew's 18 and came to Lexington in 1891, This year anti-Masonry took the form of an alleged Frotestant ln.tcrna- tional Anti-secret Convention in Minneapolis. 1896. CAPT. INO. C. MAY. Real Estate Broker. Came from Blocmfie!d 57 in 1889. Killed by fall from cliff while hunting in Tern. Por- trait on the left in cut furnished by Bro. Nelson Sm. h This year an allege I international movement a gainst free-masonry was stirted by Cardinal Agl'a-di in a convention of 600 pries s at Triente in Austria. The chief fuel on the fi:e this time, was the supposed work of one Diana Vaug'ln who confessed to horrib'e famil- iarity with Masonry in America especially in Tenneszee and Ktn ucky where she was supposed to have originated. So far as known no ore ever saw a real D'ana Vaugn. Page Forty Eight 1897. ROBERT A. DOWNING. Liveryman and Druggist. Commander of K. T. in 1898. Died 1909. Court house burned this year. Portrait on right of May. 1898. HARRY K. McADAMS. Druggist. Commander of K. T. 1899. Formerly of St. i0 _ Andrews 18. This year upon recommendation of Lexing- ton Lodge, May 24, the Grand Lodge gave dispensation to Capt. John H. Coles, Master and others for Kentucky Army Lodge, for the benefit of Masonic soldiers going to Cuba in the war with Spain. Bro. Coles was afterward the first out of town member of the local Masonic Club. He is at present Secretary General of the Scottish Rite S. J. and Past Grand Master of Kentucky Masons. 1899. Dr. W. F. WALTZ. Dentist. High Priest 1900. Past Ruler of Elks, es-, tablished here this year. Free rural delivery estab. lished. 1900. JOHN GHEENS CRAMER. Baker; Secretary of Commercial Club and now Sec- retary of Phoenix Hotel Company. High Priest. 1898; T. 1. M. 1904; Commander of K. T. 1900. Grand Commander of Ky. 1911; Past Potantate of Oleika Temple. This was the centennial year of the Grand Lodge, and Bro. Cramer help- ed the Grand Secretary prepare the volume issued by order of the Grand Lodge from 1800 to 1900. Lexington Lodge is probably the only lodge in the state that has anything like a complete set of the Grand Lodge proceedings. The present court house was begun this year. 1901. JUDGE BUTLER T. SOUTHGATE. Present City Judge. High Priest 1899. 1902 JOHN T. KINCAID. Farmer and member of Guy Johnson Ad PrinPrinting Co. High Priest 1903; T. 1. M. 1904. Past Grand Master of Clyptic Masonry in Ky. A 32 degree Scottish Rite Mason and one of pupils of J. Soule Smith's school of Masonic instruction. No. I moved back to i her present headquarters March 1, there to remain until the new Temple is complete. John T. Kincaid Page Forty Nine 1903. PROF. JOHN T. FAIG. Formerly of State Ccll11ge and now with University of Cincinnati. High Priest 1901; T. I. M. 1902. 1904. MILES H. H. DAVIS. Laundryman. High Priest 19C4. Served in various offi- ces in Paris. A Scottish Rite Mason and a pupil of judge Soule Smith. The cut to right, reading from left to right, shiows Davis, Hunt and Johnson. Bro. T. A. Combs Mayor this year. 1905. J. CLAY HUNT. Wholesale Grocer. Commander of K. T. 1908. Member of Masonic Temple Association. Davis Hunt Johnson 1905, GUY TRESSLYN JOHNSON. Typographical Architect. Callel to Louisville by the Mllasonic Home Board to change the Masonic Home Journal from a Newspaper to a Magizine. Stayed one year and returned to Lexington, now one of firm of Guy Johnson Printing Co. High Priest 19315; thrice Illustrious Master 1906; Eminent Com- mander 19'18. T A Combs 1907. GEORGE FARRA. Printer. Deputy Sheriff under Bro. Dan Scott. High Priest 1910. Now in in Oklahoma. Above cut from left to right shows Farra, Lyne, Eastin, J. B. Davis and Wilkirson. January 20, the lodge purchased a life membership in the '-Old Masons Home" at Shelbyville. 1908. OSCAR LYNE. Bank Accountant. Commander of K. T. 1911. 1909. DAVID B. EASTIN. Bank Accountant. Splendid ritualist in all degrees of American or "York Rite". High Priest 1907; Commander of K. T. 1913. First suggested Masonic Club while member of old symbolic class, started this year. Page Fifty 1910. JOHN BRUCE DAVIS. ("Turkey Trot") Tobacco Sa'esman. High Pliest 1913. The Masonic Club organized this year. Bro. Davis had much to do in making it a financial success. 1911. HOWARD F. WILKIRSON. Bank Acco intant and real estate broker. First St. John's Day picnic held this year at Blue Grass Park, 1912. ARTHUR C. SWEENEY. ("Tot-) Railroad Accountant and Life Insurance agent. Now in Kansas City Via., where he was called soon after being elected. Returned at various intervals to consult with X t his able Senior Warden, Bro. Roszell who was left as Act- ing Master. Past T. 1. M. This year a degree team in full regalia was organized; the Acacia was established in December; the T errranEnt Et. John's Day League was agre- ed upon between the two Icdgcfs. Bro. J. Ernest Cassidy was Meyor this year and the Commiisson form of government adopted. 1913. JESSE J. RGSZELL, Merchant of coal and feed firm, Ros- zell Bros. One of the original members "Class in Symbolism" that organized the Masonic Club in 1910. First sec- retary of that organization and still holds position. Active member and cfficer in J E. Cassidy Chapter, Council, Commandery and = Shrine, being Captain of the Arab Patrol in latter. Mana- ging Editor of "The Acacia". As Acting Master 1912 and Master 1913, Bro. Roszell has given his lodge both a business and a spiritual administration, being the first Master for many years to "Deliver a lecture or part of a lecture" at every meeting. Under his virile administration, the fruits of many efforts in many directions, are now being gathered. Some of those that may be mentioned are the "Acacia", published monthly by the Masonic Club, as the official organ of local Masonry; the perrr; n nt C rg- nization of the St John's Day League; formaticn of a competent Degree Team in' full regalia; the "Master's Night" of 1912, when portraits of Past Masters gathered by a committee which is still at labor, were unveiled, showing a line of Masters from 1788 to 1912 inclusive, all of whom with some additions appear in this history; appointment of committee to prosecute re- search and charitable work; establishment of Bro. R, R. McMillan's School of Masonic Instruction; and the permanent Masonic Relief Association for transients. The Masonic Temple Association, after three years speculation, has be- gun real operations and the Temple oh North Broadway is now under ac- tual construction, the two representatives of Lexington Lodge on the Board, Bros. Ed. Williamson and Gus. Heyman. being President and Secretary re- spectively, and other members of No. I being engaged in construction work and other details. Bro. Frank Smith is the architect. The First Temple Page Fifty One No. I has also purchased a large and valuable Masonic Library which is being constantly added to by gifts and purchase, and this can be read at the Masonic Club by all who wish to avail themselves of the privilege. Masonic History and science is treat- ed of, politics, sociology, economics and other modern as well as ancient studies are to be found there. Particular attention is called to the "Harmonic Series" which treat of Freemasonry as a living spiritual THE NEW TEMPLE Page Fifty Two force, though not generally regarded as 'Masonic Books." In the words of the Tyler-Keystone, the author of the "Great Work" justifies the existence of Masonry. This library will be removed to the new Temple. On July 4, 1913, the local lodges, in joint session, "Broke ground" for the temple with special ceremonies prepared by Bro. Roszell who acted as Ma'tZr on the occasion. Bro. K. G. Pullium, acting Mayor in the absence of Bro Ernest Cassidy, and who is Commissioner of Public Works, turned the first spadeful of earth after Bro. Smith the archi- tect, had driven the stake in the center of the North East Corner. The cornerstone is to be laid Nov. 17 when the 125th anniversary of Lexington Lodge is celebrated. Amalg the celebrants will be two honorary members of the Lodge who have done much to nourish Lexington Masonry and ex- emplified it in their lives. Past Grand Masters, Jno. H. Coles and JoEeph Ewalt. Capt. Jno. Cowles Frank Smith Joseph Ewalt The greatest achievemnmt of the present administration however has been the demonstration that the problem of lodge attendance depends chief- ly upon the officers knowing their duties and performing them intelligently. In other words, the Master and Wardens must be capable of giving some reasonable explanation of the degrees they confer, Bro. Roszell has insisted and his desires have met with cordial response, that the Wardens and Deacons and so on down to the Tyler, be not only letter perfect in the ritual, but should also know something of the real Ma onic significance of the signs, symbols and ceremonies. The result has astonishied some of the older heads, who have always supposed these matters to he too deep for ordinary comprehension, or too unattractive for any save book-worms. Several brothers who are not officers, are becoming very proficient. Candidates now get real instruction and are impressed with the idea that Freemasonry is much more than appears on the surface of apparently mean- ingless ritual, and that they must live a Masonic life according to the ritualistic "plan upon the trestle board", in order to discover the deeper secrets, and make them a matter of personal knowledge. He finds that knowledge of the great work of Freemasonry necessitates Personal Effort and involves Moral Ac- countability and Personal responsibility. Page Fifty Three Every applicant nov receives a circular of infor nation, adopted 1913, and questions are asked himn before he is allowed to present his petition. Yet under this most rigid system of selecting our brothersin the spirit of the work, snore volunitary applicants for degrees, petitione-d Nu-nher I in the first six months of the Roszell administration than in nearly any tvo years or previous administration, since the Civil War, It is corfidentizly believed by the craft tI-at old Lexirgton Lcc'te, the mother cf Freerracrry in Kentucky, Indiana, Ililois, Ohio, Miss3i3ippi, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Tennessee Fnd Kan- sas, will henceforth be the raiiant centre of Masonic Light she was origirall/ d sigied to be. That Lig';t has never dieI, but it h13 been dim at time3, an1 now glows brighter than ever before. In clbsing the record it should be remarkel in justice to the compilers, that this Souvenir edition is not meant for an o:dinary his ory of dry data, taken escluslvely from lodge records. A vo'ume of many hundred pages would be required for this, and another good sizcd vol me would be needed to contain biographical sketches and complimentary notices of members of the craft as it would be pleasant to give. H nce all these things have per force been omitted. The compilation as a whole was assigned to and is the work of the Junior Warden, Bro. Norwood. The illustrations were secured during nearly three years hard labor by a committee of which Bro. John Wilson Towasend, author of "A Literary History cf Kentucky" and other works, and present Librarilrs, was chairman. The short lodge history appended to the ayuLaws of 1904, prepared by Bro. A. St. Ciair Mackenzie, author of the "Evolution of Literature," as well as cther sources has been liberally drawn upon,, and many members of the craft and also non-Masors Lave furrished informration. Numerous volumes and dccumen's lave bern ieferred to. The printing was acsigned to Past Masters Guy :ohnscn and John T. Kincaid, composing tt e frm of Guy Jotr.Ecn A. S. Mic!cenzie Printing Compary. The edition is lirriitd to 1(00 copies and will probably never be reprinted, and appears under Seal of the Lodgc. Were there a moral required to adorn our tale at this point, we could do no Let er than bring otr efforts to a conclusion by appending tl.is cut of one of the oldest and yet least understood of Masonic symbos. -the "Craftsman 'in" which literally signifies n the universal Masonic language, "Wcrk." W.;en the world, which has wondered and speculated over this symbol since pre- historic ages, comes to comprehend it fully and obey the natural laws it i or- trates, then all will be "Operative MaWons' and there winl be no more labor troubles and the ideal Commonwealth will have arrived. The Messiah will have come to those who expect hinw, some for the first time and some for the second perhaps; the Millenium will have arrived for Page Fifty Four those creeds which long for it; he who seeks will have found, and he who knocks will have opened unto him. Science and religion will be harmonized. Politics, Business and Philosophy will be swallowed up in Wisdom. But the world is not yet ready. Masons themselves, as a body, are not too deeply versed in their own science. But this is the mark chosen by the present Master to designate his work. _- W Al))EN I)A, .X I )I ,N I -)A THE PIONEER MASONS. Among the curious relics possessed by the Lodge are three real lambskin aprons of home manufacture and rounded shape. Tradition has it that some of the early pioneers brought them from Virginia, one of them being an apron worn by Gen. Washington, 1777. Der- rick Warner and his Wardens are said to have worn them with much pride. Some of the Lexington Craft possess other interesting relics from the early days among which may be mentioned Patrick Henry's apron belonging to Bro. J. G. Cramer, and a letter from Washington to the G. L, of Pennsylvania 1796. THE VIRGINIA-KENTUCKYLODGES.Pg.8-9- 10 Paris35 (nowNo.2)char- tered Nov. 25, 1791. Made returns to Virginia Grand Lodge only for years 1795-96, which are still preserved and copies inpossessionof Lexington Lodge. Among its past Masters in latter years are John McKinney Sr., Wm. Clarke, Duncan Campbell, Horatio Hall and the Master Notley Conn. "George Tcwn" No. 46, afterward No. 3 and revived as the present No. 14. was granted dispensation Jan. 9, 1796.with Jas. Lemon as first Master and chartered Dec. 1, 1796 with Wm. Sutton as Master. "Frinkfort Hiram Lodge" No. 67, now No. 4, under dispensation from May 2, 1796, until chartered Dec. 11, 1799; the officers during all that period being Daniel Weisiger, M., Thos. rodl, S. W., and Baker Ewing, J. W. Abraham U. D. at Shelbyville, now Solomon No. 5, was granted dispensa- tion during fall or winter of 1799. Simon Adams was the first Master. MURRAY DEED. Pg. 1OThedeedisdatedDec.16,1795,from"Wm.Murray and Catharin his wife" to James Morrison, Edmund Bullock, Robert Megowan Hugh Mcllvain and Alexander McGregor, as trustees of Lexington Lodge of Ancient Freemasons," in consideration of "five shillings." It is signed, sealed and delivered in presence of Isaac Gano and Wm. Ware and recorded in Franklin County. Page Fifty Five SEAL OF GRAND LODGE. Pg.12 One of the relics in the Lexington Lodge museum i a Grand Lodge certificate dated Aug. 26, 1812. issued to Michael Fishel. a volunteer soldier. The Grand Lodge Seal is impressed upon a square of paper affixed to the parchment and apparently the background has been blackened by hand. The symbols are the same as the present seal, save that the sun is on the iight instead of left and the date is "A. L. VDCCC- instead of "A. D. MDCCC.- The parchment is much stained and worn and the writing is illegible in spots. As nearly as it can be deciph- ered it reads: "Ad Majorem Supremi Architecti Gloriam. The Grand Lodge of Kentucky ...... accepted York ........ throughout the Globe, union, health and happiness. We do hereby certify that the bearer hereof, Brother Michael Fishel, a member of Lexington Lodge No. 1, under our jurisdiction, hath been raised to the sublime degree of a Master Mason, and hath performed all his works amongst us to thentire satisfaction of the Brethren. He is therefore recommended as such. In Testimony Whereof, we have delivered to him this certificate and that the same may not be of use to any one else, we have caused him to sign his name on the margin, Ne Varietur. Given in Lexington, Kentucky, the 26th day of August, Anno Lucis 5812. ............ .... ..... Gr. Master A. Butler, D. G. M. . ................ S. G. W. pt. Jno.EvansJr.,J.G.W. Pt. . ................ Secretary. Geo. Coons, Gr. Treasurer. (Seal) "1815, BRADFORD,- SHOULD BE 1816. Pg. 20 An ear'y Masonic certificate brought to Kentucky 1816, is here given as throwing some light upon the practice of admitting visitors in Lexington Lodge. Great care was exercised to admit no "Modern Masons" in the days before the union of Moderns and An- cients. This certificate was enclosed in a metal case 6x8 1-2x1 -2 inches. "In the East a Place of Light Where Reigns Silence and Peace. To All Men Enlightened on the Surface of the Earth, Greeting. We, the Master, Wardens and other officers of Fred'g American Lodge No. 63, Constituted by and working as Ancient York Masons under the Auspices of the Grand Lodge of Virginia, Do hereby Certify that our Worthy Bro. Benj'n Tutt, whose name is inscribed in the margin of this Deed, ne Varietur, has been regularly Initiat- ed, Crafted and Raised to the Sublime Degree of Master Mason, is of Good Repute, as such we recommend him to all the Fraternity wheresoever dis- persed and pledge a grateful return for all kindnesses shown him. Done in Lodge 21st of December. 1815, Anno Lucis 5815. By order of the Worshipful Lodge, James Heath, Secretary, George B. Spooner, M. P. T., Benj. Clark, S. W. P. T." Bro. Tutt's name is signed on the margin and the wax seal of the lodge affixed with an eight pointed star made out of two squares. Accompany- ing is also a green ribbon with a liberty pole and cap painted thereon in gold and the figure 176. The certificate is written in English, French and Latin. Page Fifty Six EARLY M \SONIC LITERATURE, p. 24 Wm. Gibbes Hunt hold many high Masonic offices and published three volumes of " The Western Review" a peri- odical of science, travel, fiction and politics, 1819-11, also various other liter- ary productions. His book reviews include an extended criticism of Cross Masonic Chart and he tells the famous story of "Wildcat McKinney," and ad- ventures of some of our early brothers among the Indians. Bro. Fielding Bradford printed the first catalogue of the library in 1815 Very little fiction was accessible in those days but there were many volumes of science, travel, politics and religion, The eariest printed directory so far as known to the writer, was one pub- lished by Bro. Worsley and Smith in 1818. It is appended to an agricultural calendar full of quaint recipes and advice to farmers. Julius P. Bolivar Mac- cabe's directory of 1838 is more extended and gives a brief history of Lexing- ton. It was printed in the shop of Pro. Jno. C. Noble of No. 107, afterward a well known editor of Paducah. MASONIC PCJBLICATIONS,1878. The firstissue of "Our Home," nowthe "Masonic Home Journal," was published at the Home in Louisville, Nov. 1, 1878, and published as a weekly for some time. It was edited by James A. Hodges. Joseph H. Branham was shortly made Editor and Hodges and Wm. H. Meffert associate editors. The price was 1.50 per annum. 1830. "The Gavel" was established Jan. 1880, in Danville, published by Marrs and Thomas, as a 48 page monthly at 1 per month. 1894. Sept. 1, 1894, the first issue of "The Kentucky Craftsman" appeared in Lexington, published by Bro. W. S. Marshall Jr. of No. 1. It was a 16page monthly conducted along modern news magazine lines but ran for only a few issues. Its editor seems to have had trouble making it a financial success due chiefly to lack of advertising. The next year Bro. Marshall started "The Es- senic Journal," which likewise had a short period of popularity and somewhat more advertising. ANTI-MASONRY. p 31 The only anti Masonic publication ever attempted in Lexington so far as known, consisted of 12 pages of what was evidently de- signed to be a more pretentious work. Its title page was: "A Manual of Ma- sonry, containing a View of the Secrets, Principles and Practices of the Order, with some remarks by J. B. Kennedy. "And God said let there be light and there was light." Kentucky: Printed for the People. 1843." First there are 6 pages of "History of Freemasonry," in which the author attempts to show it originated with the Rosicrucians and he ridicules its pretentions to antiquity by calling attention to the fact that the Popes of Rome are antagonistic to it as subversive of religion and good government, and all their bulls against it are on record and none of them date further back than the eighteenth century. Attention is also called to previous "exposes" such as that of Pritchard in 1730 and Jachin and Boaz and Win. Morgan. All others save the first three degrees were added by the French, mainly for political purposes the writer thinks. Then follows a page or so devoted to the National Anti-Masonic Conven- tion in Philadelphia in 1831 at which one Mr. Ward refers to Ashmole, the Rosicrucian and to the suspicions of Dr. Plott against the order in 1666-9, and shows that neither Shakespeare nor Bultler make any allusion to Freemasonry so far as he understands. Only two pages of the awful revelations supposed to follow were ever printed. Why, no one can say. Perhaps interest began to wane or the author's credit with the printer gave out. The two pages are alleged to be a reprint of Morgan's work verified by "Elder David Bernard, a high seceding Mason," Page Fifty Seven P. 6 The Masonic Certificate or Diploma given Bro. Belli when he demitted from Lexington to become the founder of Portsm.outh, Ohio, eads as follows; "Set Lux et Lux Fuit" To all true enlightened Men. We do hereby certiry that John Belli was regularly entered in the Lodge of andtient Free Masons established under warrant from the Grand Lodge of Virginia by the name and style of the Lexington Lodge, No. 25, and has demeaned himself as a Worthy Brother. In tessimor.y of which we have hereunto set our hands and caused the Secretary of said Lodge to affix the seal stamp on the 26 day of March Ann. Domini 1796 Annoque Lucis 5796. Thomas Love, Master; McGregor, Senior Wardei; H. M1lvain, Junior Warden; Test: B. Thurston, Secretary. (Seal) P. 7. Lexington Lodge returns to Virginia, exist only for the years 1794 and 1799. They are as follows: 1794-James Morr!son Master; Thomas Love. Senior Warden; Thomas Todd, Junior Warden; John Fowler, Past Master; Inferior Officers: Hugh MWllvain, Treasurer; Basil Duke, Secretary; John Ke'ly. Tyler. Masters, Green Clay, Daniel Weisegar, James Davis, Buckner Thurston, Robert Keen, Feederick Ridgeley, Innis 13. Brent, Robert McGowan, William Murray Richard W. Downing, Edwaed West, Thomas Clarke, Kenneth McCoy, Edmund Bullock, Baker Ewing, Robert Parker, William P. Smith, John Crittenden, Alexander McGregor. Fel- low Crafts, Thomas Peed, John Parker, Charles Smith Richard Jones, Nicholas Lewis, David Beall, William Ford, John Crozier, Martin O'Daniel, Richard Spears, Robert Holmes. Entered Apprentices, Edward S. Thomas, William Hubble, David Walker, James F. Moore. Fellow Crafts, William Daingerfield, Jesse Bledsoe, William Robb, Joseph Boswell, Beni. Graves George Hansoll. Apprentices, John Clay, James Hughes, Stewart Wilkins, John A. Seitz, Thomas J. Garnett. As will be ncted, very few in the first list are named in the second, yet under the Ken ucky Grand Lodge we find them again on the rolls. The explanation seems to be that under Virginia rule, only resident Masons at the time were inclueed in the returns. mem- bers absent therefrom for a considerable period not being counted . 1 799-Samuel Postlethwait. Master; Cuthbert Banks, Senior Warden; John Jordan, Junior Warden; James Bliss, Secretary Charles Latham, Treasurer; Jeromiah Rogers, Senior Deacon; J. M. Bob6, Junior Deacon; James [Innes] C. Brout, [Brent] 'Steward; Nathaniel Barker, Tyler. Past Master, Thomas Boddley; Master Masons, Edward Wort [Wast'1, Francis Jones, Tunstal Quarles. James Rus. sell, David McClelland, Beni. Helm, Ribharr Hophouse, Thos. Turpin, Lhwis Marshall, John Crittenden, John Rowan, Andrew Porter, Win. Lytle, Chas. Carr, John Hsllingsworth, Preston Brown, Hugh Logan, Thomas Wallace. I Gov. Luke P. Blackburn, 41 2 Gov. Jno. L. Helm, 76 3 Gov. Jos. Desha, 74 4 Harry Innes, Va. 5 Hon. Ben Harden 6 Geo. W. Dunlap, 35 7 Abner Cunningham, P. G. M., P. H. P. 8 Thos. F. Marshall, lawyer 9 T. C. Orear. P. G. M., 22 and 75 10 Robert Trimble, legislator and state boundary commissioner, 16 11 Col. Chas. S. Todd, 40 12 Col. Humphrey Marshall, 4 and 51 13 Robt. J. Breckinridge, minister and legislator, 58 14 Ninian Edwards, Governor, Illinois 15 H. C'ay Calvert, P. M. 160 16 Co!. Richard M. Johnson, 14 and 4, slayer of Tecumseh 17 A.G. Hodges, printer to Grand Loage, 4 18 Jno. W. Lell, 169, P. M. 174 19 George Schange, P. M. 160 29 Julius Marks, P. M. 161), 22 21 T. A. Hornsey, P. M. 160 22 John F. Cruikshank, P. M. 160 23 James Guthrie, statesman 24 A. J. Kroesing, jeweler, P. M. 160 25 D. N. Zimmerman, Secy of 160, son of Jno. F. Z mmerman, P. M. I 26 Elder John Sidener, 58 27 John Grimes, Secy No. 1, portrait by Jouett 28 GCv. J. Proctor Knott, Lebanon 29 Robt. Wick'iffe, jurist, I 30 Shad:ach Penn, journalist, 14, 51 31 T. T. Skillrm.an, journalist, 1 32 George Didlake, 1, portrait taken in prison while prisoner of war 33 Ptmos Kendall, 4, 14, salesman 34 H. A. ownre, 1, 14 (Offirers of ;Ciexin ton SCoige Kco. 1. 1 J. J. Roszell, Master, High Priest Lexington Chapter. T. i. M. Washington Council, Capt. Arab Patrol Oleika Temp'e, Secy. Mascnic Club 2 Dr. M. S. Davis, Senior Warden 3 J. W. Norwood, Senior Wardern, Past T. 1. M. Washington Council 4 E. K. Mann, Senior Deacon 5 Theodore Jones, Junior Deacon 6 Jno. W. Lancaster, Secretary, P. M. 7 Oscar Lyne, Treasurer, P. M. P. E. C., Trustee 8 J. G. Sandusky, Tyler 9 L. D. Ward, Steward, Club Governor 10 Jno. Wilson Townsend, Steward, Librarian 11 Gus L. Heyman, Director and Secy Masonic Temple Association 12 Ed. Williamson, Director and President Masonic Temple Association 13 W. H. Tillow, Governor Masonic Club 14 Judge Chas. Kerr, Chm. Board of Trustees 15 John T. Kincaid, Trustee, P. M., P. H, P., P. T. 1. M., P. G. M. Cr.and Council, Member Temp'e Association 16 Dr. R. R. McMillan, Capt. Degree. Team OFFICERS LEXINGTON LODGE NO. 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