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Trotters at Hamburg Place, Lexington, Ky., U.S.A. / property of Edward and Joseph Madden. Madden, Edward, of Lexington, Ky. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2002 b98-39-41900079 Electronic reproduction. 2002. (Beyond the shelf, serving historic Kentuckiana through virtual access (IMLS LG-03-02-0012-02) ; These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Trotters at Hamburg Place, Lexington, Ky., U.S.A. / property of Edward and Joseph Madden. Madden, Edward, of Lexington, Ky. Press of the Judson Printing Co., Cleveland : 1911. 142 p.,  leaves of plates ; 24 cm. Coleman Plates accompanied by guard sheets with descriptive letterpress. Microfilm. Atlanta, Ga. : SOLINET, 1999. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. (SOLINET/ASERL Cooperative Microfilming Project (NEH PA-23166-98) ; SOL MN08446.07 KUK) s1999 gaun a Printing Master B98-39. IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Horses Pedigrees. Harness racing United States. Hamburg Place (Lexington, Ky.) -w EDWARD MADDEN, Jr. JOSEPH McKEE MADDEN. '9 ' I THE TROTT E RS AT Hamburg LEXINGTON, Place KY. U. S. A. PROPERTY OF EDWARD AND JOSEPH MADDEN PRESS Or THE JUDsON PEINTING COMPANY CLEVELAND, OHIO HAMBURG PLACE 1897 TWO HUNDRED AND THIRTY-FIVE ACRES TWO THOUSAND ACRES TABLE OF CONTENTS. Page Foals of 1909-10 ................8..................... 8 Index to Illustrations. 4 Preface .......................................... 5 STALLIONS. Page Peter Leyburn ................... 27 Siliko.............., .... 13 BROOD Ariel Leyburn... 75 Belle Leyburn... 64 Bertha Leyburn... 68 Countess Leyburn... 60 Elsie Leyburn... 71 Ethel Hanks... 80 Home Again... 82 Lady Leyburn.6.. 61 Lizzie Leyburn... 66 Margaret Parrish. .. 63 Markala......................... 43 Minnie Leyburn. , ,,,, I. 74 Page The Native ............. 29 Vice-Commodore ............. 21 MARES. Nancy Hanks ............. 35 Nancy McKerron ............. 44 Nancy's Todd . .................. 47 Queen Ieyburn. ............76 Roma Leyburn ............. 77 Rose Leyburn .. 58 Sarah Leyburn........... . 79 Silicon . . ......... 48 Sister Francis . . 53 Willet Leyburn . .......... 70 Wilto Leyburn..... 67 PEDIGREES FOR REFERENCE. Abdallah... 92 Harry Clay...................... I:3 Abdallah (Alexander's) .. ...... 102 Happy Medium................... 104 Adbell.. ......................Justi n M organ.115 Bellfounder (imp.) ............... 95 Mambrino (English horse) . 89 Bingara ....................... 112 Mambrino (American horse) . 91 Crittenden...................... 114Messenger (imp.). . 90 Electioneer..... ........ 110 Orloff Trotter............... 116 Hambletonian (Rysdyk's) ........ 100 Robert McGregor ...105.. 105 George Wilkes ..................107M Wilton ....................... 109 IN MEMORIAM. Hamburg Belle ......................... 119 METHODS AND MERIT. August Belmond's Address ........ 135 The Auto and the Horse .......... 141 Modern Training Methods ........ 127 The Trotting Hall of Fame . 131 Lord North to his Grandchildren . 142 ILLUSTRATIONS. Opposite Page AdbelI, a Champion Yearling Trotter and sire of Futurity Winners. .. . 111 A View on Hamburg Place.... . .. . . ...... . . . . . .. . 85 Baron Wilkes 2:18... . . . . . . .... 25 Bellfounder (Imported).. . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . 11 Bingara 34707... ..... . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . 112 Bingen2:06 . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . 31 Champion Mares, Hamburg Belle, Imp and Nancy Hanks .. . .. . .. 119 Dams of Champions, Silicon, Fanella, Nancy Hanks and Elsie Leyburn . 73 Edward Madden jumping in 1909.. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 99 Edward Madden jumping in 1910.. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Edward Madden jumping over Director Rean 2:13 .. . . .. .. . . . 103 Electioneer 125............. .............. . 21 Entrance to Hamburg Place.. .. . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . .. . 5 E. T. Bedford driving York Boy and Bemay to World's Record .. .... 91 Exercising Track and Paddocks at Hamburg Place.. . . ... ... . . 131 Futurity of 1908 in Caricature...... . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . 107 George Wilkes 2:22.. .. . . . . . .. . . .. . .. . . . .. .. . 17 Group of Hamburg Place Weanlings showing Hamburg . . .. . . . .. 95 Gymnasium and Garage at Hamburg Place .. . .. . .. . . . . .. 135 Hambletonian 10............. ............... . 13 House in which Henry Clay was Married .. . . .... ........ 121 Jack Leyburn Winning the Walnut Hall Cup in Colors of Hamburg Place . 71 Jack Leyburn with Geers up.... .. ........... ..... 75 John Edward Madden, Jr., and Joseph McKee Madden ... . . ... . . 1 John E. Madden instructing Jockey before Saratoga Special in 1906 .. . . 129 Joseph McKee Madden breaking a Shetland ........... .... 123 Joseph McKee Madden on his favorite Hurdler .. .. . ... . . . . 139 Kentucky Todd 2:08 ...... . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . 47 Madden Boys in the Saddle. . . .. .. . 81 May King 2:214 .. . 27 Messenger (Imported)..... . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . 7 Moko 24457............................. . 29 Nancy Hanks and Narion, dam of Vice-Commodore... . .. . . . .. 63 Nancy Hanks, Silicon, Fanella and Imp, knee deep in the Blue Grass. . . 67 Nancy Hanks when she trotted in 2:04.... . . . . . . . . . . .. 43 Paddock Scene at Hamburg Place... ...... . .. .. . ..... 125 Race Course and Paddocks at Hamburg Place.. . . .. . . . . .. . . 89 Returning from the Hunt .... . . ................. 115 Robert Bonner.. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . 117 Robert McGregor 2:17. . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . 105 Siliko 2:08436 in 1911...... . .. . . . . . . .... . . . .. . . 33 Siliko-Icon 2:10 filly, his first foal..... . . ... . . . . .. . .. 66 Siliko, in 1906, Warming up for Kentucky Futurity .. . .. . . . . .. 48 Siliko Winning Kentucky Futurity in 1906 in Colors of Hamburg Place . 51 Siliko, Winner of Lexington Stakes. .. . . . . .. . . . . . .. . 53 Stallion Paddocks at Hamburg Place... . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . 79 The Native 2:170 . ........... .............. . 41 Training Quarters at Hamburg Place...... .... . . ..... . . 97 Vice-Commodore . . . .. . . . . .. . . . ....................... 37 Warlock. . ........ . . ....... . . . 87 Wilton 2:19 .............. ... .. .. .... ..... 109 Willy 2:074.............. ... .. ....... . . . . 58 This page in the original text is blank. Entrance to Hamburg Place. PREFACE. W HEN following the axiom in breeding that "like produces like, or the likeness of some ancestors," let it be remem- bered that a great future demands a great past. The habits of ancestors beget instincts in their descendants. The trotting habit, therefore, must exist on both sides of the family for a few generations before it can be reproduced with any degree of uniformity, and even then class will appear only at intervals, while there will be skips and blanks when least expected. It is on that account that men who breed horses should have, so far as possible, a thorough knowledge of each individual in the pedigrees of their stock. They can confine their operations to lines which will reduce the chances of casting back to unknown and undesirable individuals to a very narrow margin; but even then chance plays a part; as nature has many moods and mys- teries which are as yet unsolved by man, and possibly never will be. Then on the other hand, there are instances where a golden cross is to be found when least expected, through a stallion having been raised in, or brought into, a section of the country where there were a number of mares which nicked well with him. Hambletonian is a striking example of this. He was foaled and raised in Orange County, New York, where there were a large number of mares by Seely's American Star. The Trotting Register and the Year Book show what their foals did for him. Virgil, the thoroughbred, who saved the Glencoe line, and George Wilkes also, illustrate this fact in Kentucky. Virgil, after racing well as a two and three-year-old, finally became a jumper and then a buggy horse in New Orleans. And a buggy horse he would no doubt have remained for the balance of his days if M. H. Sanford had not been attracted by his blood lines and brought him to Elmendorf to cross on his Lexington mares. This was in 1872. Mr. Sanford had him in the stud for two years and then gave him away. An opportunity, how- ever, was all that Virgil required, and when Vagrant and Virginius literally galloped away from all the two year olds of their year, Mr. Sanford admitted his mistake, repurchased the black son of Vandal and Hymenia, and placed him at the head of his stud. The Trotters at Hamburg Place In due time Virgil gave the turf such noted race horses as Vigil, Vera Cruz, Harry Hill, Memento, Himalaya, and through Hindoo founded a line that is starred with such names as Hanover, Hamburg, and scores of others whose speed and endurance has made the American thoroughbred respected on every race track in the world. As for George Wilkes it does not require a very great stretch of imagination to picture the cool reception the little horse received when he arrived in the Blue Grass country. For- tunately, the daughters of Mambrino Patchen were bred to him, with results beneficial to the reputation of both. V/hen the blood lines of the trotter were woven, the Mor- gans, Pilots, Champions, Hiatogas, Clays, Blue Bulls, Bashaws, Royal Georges, Mambrinos, Abdallahs, and Hambletonians, all, more or less, formed the warp and woof. Each family had its admirers, but when the test of reproducing speed was applied from generation to generation, and the value of each repre- sentative was fixed by actual performance, one of these families so far outstripped its rivals that comparisons ceased, and success silenced the voice of opposition. Hlambletonian, the fortunate product of the mating of Abdal- lah with a daughter of imported Bellfounder, has made his family, in the male line especially, the superior of every other in a very marked degree. The Morgans were confined to New England and especially Vermont and New Hampshire; the Pilots and Mambrinos were located in Kentucky; the Hiatogas in Ohio, the Blue Bulls in Indiana; the Bashaws in Iowa; the Royal Georges in Canada; while the Abdallahs, Champions and Clays dominated all others in N-ew York. Each had its admirers on the turf and in the stud, and arguments in defense of each filled the columns of the turf press. When the rate of speed was in the twenties, or a few seconds under that mark, all of them had representa- tives. As the rate dropped into the teens, however, and finally to 2:10 or faster, the superiority of the Hambletonian line became more apparent. After crossing with mares of all other families, and repeated inbreeding, the Hambletonian line im- proved in quality, and increased in speed capacity with each remove from the parent stem, until its firing line blazed with the names of Dexter, Goldsmith Maid, St. Julian, Jay Eye See, Ilaud S., Nliancy Hanks, Alix, The Abbot, Cresceus, Lou Dillon, 6 This page in the original text is blank. Imp. MESSENGER, The Grandsire of Abdallah 1. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden 7 and Uhlan, all champions and all male line descendants of the old "Hero of Chester." The most successful sons of Hambletonian and their de- scendants were improved by crossing on certain mares of the same family, whose qualities were made conspicuous by a cham- pion on the turf or in the stud, or in some instances by both. Electioneer and George Wilkes were the greatest. Electioneer was fortunate in getting another line to Bellfounder through Green Mountain Maid, while the maternal line of George Wilkes begins and ends in her only foal that started out in life as Robert Fillingham, but whose name was changed to George Wilkes before he was taken to Kentucky, where, in the space of nine years, he founded a family which has made that State the source of the bluest blood of the light harness horse. George Wilkes and Electioneer, however, were not by any means the only sons of Hambletonian that became world famous, for the blood of many of his sons, like that of their sire, blended successfully with other lines and at the same time absorbed such desirable qualities as were conspicuous in the family of Happy Medium, to which Nancy Hanks and Pilot Medium trace; in the line to Harold which gave the world Maud S., Alix and Kremlin; the line to Dictator, which contributed Jay Eye See, Phallas and Director; the Strathmore line made famous by Santa Claus, Sidney, Sidney Dillon and Lou Dillon, and many others. For some reason, however, which cannot as yet be explained, all the other lines to Hambletonian, except those of George Wilkes and Electioneer, grow weaker and weaker at each remove; its representatives being reduced to two or three stallions, while they have scores. It is a significant fact that in inbreeding to Hambletonian a horse carrying the largest quantity of thoroughbred blood of any of those which have made reputations as sires, has given us the fastest trotters of today, not only as two and three-year-olds, but also at maturity. Why did not inbreeding to the Clays, Alorgans, and other old time trotting families succeed The trotting line in many of them was longer and stronger than in Hambletonian. Was it because they were not inbred to a thoroughbred horse like imported Messenger, whose name ap- pears eighty-seven times in the tabulated pedigree of Colorado E. while Miss Stokes has forty-nine, Native Belle forty-four and Czarevna and Grace each thirty-three crosses to the same horse. The Trotters at Hamburg Place And now the time has come to select the best of the descendants of George Wilkes and Electioneer. By the turf test they are Bingen and Baron Wilkes. Bingen was sired by May King, a son of Electioneer of very limited capacity, out of a daughter of the George Wilkes stallion Young Jim; while Baron Wilkes was by George Wilkes out of an inbred Mambrino mare that was conspicuous on account of her early speed. Neither of them were high-class race horses, as while Bingen had two minute speed, he frequently showed a disposi- tion to jump up when least expected, and Baron Wilkes required all the help that could be given him to win the few races placed to his credit. They were both moderate race horses of good families. They out bred themselves in the stud, and proved conclusively, so far as they are concerned, that the family is stronger than the individual. The male lines tracing to them are now leading all others, and will be blended with the best obtainable, until another selection is to be made among their descendants. At present Moko and Todd appear to be the choice and at one time Todd justified the belief that he would prove the greatest son of Bingen. His early death, however, has deprived him of the success to which he was entitled by his excellent breeding and good showing in the stud. But the speed shown by the yearlings of Kentucky Todd, who has an additional Bellfounder cross through Parkville, the sire of his dam, would warrant the prediction that this handicap may yet be overcome. As is well known, Todd was out of an Arion mare, which appears to be the proper cross for Bingen, as has been shown by the get of Bingara and the Vice-Commodore foals, the oldest of the latter being a winner in Europe. The Bingen line is represented at Hamburg Place by Vice-Commodore 2:11, whose darn, Narion, has produced three with standard records, and is a daughter of Arion and the unbeaten champion Nancy Hanks 2:04, whose name appears in the great brood mare list as the dam of Admiral Dewey 2:043/4, Lord Roberts 2 071 4, Nancy MIcKerron 2 :10X2 and Nancy's Todd, trial 2:264. The Baron Wilkes line at Hamburg Place is represented by Silicon, a futurity winner and a champion, and The Native, a developed brother of the greatest two-year-old trotter that ever took the word. The sire plants the seed. If it comes from a failure, expect a failure. Look about and see where breeders have used one 8 Property of Edward and Joseph Madden 9 horse on all their mares and produced nothing, but nmade a success with the same mares by using another horse. Peter the Great succeeded where Patchen Wilkes failed. Lamplighter could not cast a shadow on Hanover's glory. Race horses fol- lowed in the wake of Bonnie Scotland in Tennessee. Electioneer was in the stud with General Benton and Piedmont at Palo Alto. He got more racing speed in one year than they did in the whole of their days. If the germ of speed is not in the seed of the sire, the product of the greatest mares will frequently fail. Learn what families furnish the greatest number of winners. Follow them in their male lines, and use mares from families producing speed and you cannot fail. As to the so called intricate science of breeding in so blending the blood of sire and dam that winners may be produced in numbers, though of absorbing interest to the student and theorist, the practical man need only confine himself to the formula of breeding a good mare to a great horse, taking in due consideration the varying qualities of each, and putting his trust in like producing like, or the likeness of some good ancestor. He will have his share of winners, his good years and his bad years, and the experts will tack figures on to the pedigrees of his winners, and tell how it all happened. This page in the original text is blank. Imp. BELLFOUNDER. Sire of fte Clhrres Kent Alart. dam of lartnbletoniarl 10. This page in the original text is blank. STALLIONS This page in the original text is blank. IJAM;BLETONIAN 10. Siui of Electioneer and George Witkes. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden 13 SILIKO 40903. European record 2:08 3/10. Kentucky Futurity Winner and Champion Trotter of Europe 1908 to 1910. Two-year-old race record 2:17Y2, three-year-old race record 2:11x4, four- year-old public trial 2:06'/2, and timed in a race at that age in 2:0534, five-year-old champion trotter of Europe, record 2:08 3/10. Winner of two-year-old Lexington Stake in 1905. Winner of the three-year-old Kentucky Futurity in 1906, the Sommer Prize, in which he reduced the European record for trotters to 2:08 3/10 at Vienna, Austria, and many other important Euro- pean events in 1908. Brother to Brighton 2:274, four-year-old trial 2:1134, last quarter in 29 /4 seconds, driven by W. J. Andrews. As a five-year-old E. T. Bedford drove Brighton a mile in 2:174, last quarter in 303/4 seconds over a half-mile track. An accident placed this horse on the retired list. Half-brother to Sister Francis, two-year-old trial in 1908, 2:15Y2, three-year-old record in 1909, 2:1114. Member of the Silverlock Family. Bay horse; foaled 1903. Bred by Clem Beachey, Jr., Lexington, Ky., passed to Brooke Curry, Lexington, Ky., passed to John E. Madden, Lexington, Ky., passed to Louis W. Winans, Hove, Brighton, England, Europe, and then to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVII. By MOKO 24457. Sire of Fereno.. ............ 2:05Y2.Siliko... 2:08 3/10 First winner of both divisions Kentucky Futurity winner and of Kentucky Futurity. Champion trotter of Europe Native Belle (2) ........... 2:07Y4 1908-1910. World's record and winner of Brenda Yorke ............. 2:0432 two-year-old division of Horse 2:08X4 as a three-year-old. Review and Kentucky Futurity World's record for a three- Stakes. year-old pacing filly 1906-09. Three - year - old record and Susie N. (Futurity winner). .2:094 winner of Horse Review Futu- Gomoko ................... 2:10 rity.. ........... 2:06Y2Mochester ... 2:1034 Silver Silk (4) ........... 2:083/2 Mobel (Futurity winner) ... 2:104 and 52 others in 2:30 or better. Moko is also the sire of the dam of The Harvester 2:08Y4 as a three-year-old and winner of the Kentucky, Horse Review, and Stock Farm Futurities, etc., 2:0634 as a four-year-old and winner of the Charter Oak Stake, and 2:01 as a five-year-old, World's Champion Stallion and Grand Circuit Champion of 1909 and 1910. Brother to Bumps 2:03/, Baron D. 2:10, Baronine 2:24Y/2, etc., son of Baron Wilkes 4758, record 2:18; 1st dam Queen Ethel, by Strathmore 14 The Trotters at Hamburg Place 408; 2nd dam Princess Ethel (dam of Lady Ethel 2:244 and Phantom 2.29X4), by Volunteer 55; 3rd dam Black Bess (dam of Gloster 2:17), by Stockbridge Chief, son of Vermont Black Hawk 5; 4th dam, by Maambrino Paymaster, sire of Mkambrino Chief 11. 1st dam SILICON .................. by WILTON 5982 World's race record as a 2-year-old when made ... 2:154 Four-year-old record ...... 2:13V2 She won races during her turf career of a valuation of 48,500. Dam of Siliko (European rec.) 2:08 3/10 Sister Francis (3-yr.-old) ..2:11 Brighton (Mokides) .....2:27 Sister of Silurian .. ... o..f......... 2:25 Dam of Don Pronto (3) ........ 2:2434 Miss Quealy (2) ........ 2:263,4 Record 2:19. Sire of Eudora ................... 2:054 Willie Benton. 2:054 Will Leyburn. 2:06 Vera Capel . :072 Bessie Wilton. :09 Dorothy Wilton . :09 and 133 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of The Plunger .2:07X2 Gayton . 2:084 Dorothy Redmond . 209 and 73 others in .2:30 His sons have sired 141 in 2:30 or- better, included Laura Bellini 2:044, Roamer 2:05, Clinton B. 2:08, Princess Moquette 2:082, Bessie Drake 2:08Y4 and Fred Wilton 2:09. Wiltwood 2:292, a son of Wilton, is the sire of the dam of Susie N., three-year-old record 2:09. Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Alley (dam of Albert France 2:20', Alley Russell 2:224 and Harkaway 2875, sire of 6 in 2:30), by Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's); 2nd dam Lady Griswold (dam of Kent 5560, sire of 11 in 2:30), by Flying Morgan, son of the Hackett Horse. 2d dam SILHOUETTE ............ by HAMBRINO 520. Dam of Edward Audubon ........ 2:10 Silicon (4-yr-old record) ..2:13 Silhouette A. (trial) ...... 2:15 Silurian (3-yr-old record) 2:25 Dam of Don Pronto (3) ......... 2:244 MLiss Quealy (2)........2:264 Snicker ................ 2:262 Chauncey Audubon ...... 2:15 (3-year-old trial). Silesia, dam of 'Mysotis ................ 2:12Y4 Record 2:21 . Sire of Elbrino... 2:074 Delmarch ... 2:112 Hamward ........ 2:12 and 47 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of Hawthorne .2:06 Argetta. 2:084 Byron Kay. 2:08 Francona .2:09 Orin B. 2:09 and 2 others in 2:10 or better. Hambrino's sois have sired 207 performers in 2:30 or better, including Ace 2:05, Major Brino 2:05, Captain Brino 2:07, Tommy H. 2:072, Dick Allen 2:08, Rollins 2:08, Davy K. 2:08 and Deloree 2:09. Son of Edward Everett 81, record 2:48, son of Hambletonian 10; 1st dam Mambrina, by Mambrino Chief 11; 2nd dam Susie, by imp. Margrave, thoroughbred, etc. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden 15 3rd dam SILVERLOCK ............ by MAMBRINO TIME 1686. Dam of Sire of Silverone.2:193/4 Four Corners .2:2034 Dam of Mambrino Dick .2:24 Abdul Ameer .. ... 2:19V2 Emmet. 2:29X2 Silcyone..... 2:28y2 and dams of Sire of 4 better than... 2:30 Clayone . 2:12Y4 Silvertone... 2:30 Mike . 2:15 Silver Chimes 6818, sire of C. C .2:164 Promise . 2:10 Egbertime ............... 2:1634 Silvern 21819, sire of Temple Bar . 2:17Y4 Silver Socks ... 2:193 Shadeland Onward ....... 2:18 Dr. Etheridge ... 2:23 and 34 others in 2:30 or better. Maambrino Time 1686, son of Mambrino Patchen 58; 1st dam Puss Prall, by Mark Time, son of Berthune, thoroughbred; 2nd dam mare, by Daniel Webster, son of Lance, son of American Eclipse, etc. Mambrino Time 1686 was a full brother to Lady Stout 2:29 (champion three-year-old trotter 1874-1876), Lottie Prall 2:28Y4, Black Cloud 783 (sire of Jingo Jim 2:26 and Charmer 2:27), etc. Puss Prall also produced Black Diamond 2:29Y4, and to her traces Rachel 2:08X, Crystallion 2:0834, Cut Glass 2:103/4 (two-year-old record 2:20), Great Spirit 2:1134, Timorah 2:12X, Great Heart 2:12/2 (sire of Auto 2:0434, Wilkes Heart 2:063, Octoo 2:07Y2, etc.), King Crystal 2:143, Cartridge 2:1434, Bowery Boy 2:15, Spanish Boy 2:1634, Chatterton 2:18, Bowery Belle 2:1834, Deluge 2:193, Crystalline (two-year-old) 2:19, Gen. Taylor 2:19/2, Horace W. Wilson 2:1932, Onward George 2:22Y2, The Spinner 2:23V4, Billy Dey 2:24, Aspirator 2:2432, Spun Glass 2:2432, etc. 4th dam LADY MARGRAVE ...... by OLE BULL, JR. Grandam of Sire of Three in..... 2:30 Steve Maxwell ........... 2:21312 Ole Bull, Jr., son of Ole Bull, son of Old Pacing Pilot: 1st dam mare, by Lewis' Sterling, etc. As a two-year-old Siliko was considered one of the handsomest colts in Kentucky and after he took the word it was not long before he was rated as one of the best trotters ever bred in the blue grass country. He was trained by Charles Marvin, who drove him in all of his engagements in 1905, his first appearance being in a purse race at the Kentucky State Fair, which he won after a contest of four heats, as shown by the following summary: Lexington, Ky., Sept. 19, 1905. Purse 300, for two-year-old trotters. Siliko, b c, by Moko-Silicon 2:13Y2, by Wilton.... Marvin 3 3 1 1 Lightsome, b f, by Constantine-Bourbonlight 2:1834, by Bourbon Wilkes ............ .................. Dodge 1 2 3 2 Bud Bonner, b g, by Prodigal-Miss Edgar 2:29, by Bour- bon Wilkes .................................... Childs 2 1 2 3 Time 2:193, 2:173, 2:1934, 2:22. Siliko's next victory was in the Lexington Stake. In the opening round the favorite, Ed Custer, broke before getting into the first turn and Siliko, who had the pole, led all the way, winning very easily by two 16 The Trotters at Hamburg Place lengths in 2:17'2. Bud Bonner was second until a few yards from the wire, where Foote brought Gov. Francis up with a rush and beat him for the place by a neck. Custer was fourth, four lengths back. The start was a straggling one the next time, but the five colts were all trotting. Siliko and Governor Francis raced a length apart to the half, with Bud Bonner and Custer close up. Rounding the far turn, Chandler stepped the latter around Bonner and the Governor, but could never get to Siliko, who won by two lengths in 2:18Y4. Lexington, Ky., Oct. 12, 1905. The Lexington Stake, for two-year- old trotters; purse 2,000. Siliko, b c, by Moko-Silicon 2:13 2, by Wilton .......... C. Marvin 1 1 Goy. Francis, br c, by Arion-Gracie V. 2:30, by Crittenden..Foote 2 3 Ed Custer, ch c, by Baronmore-Marble 2:14, by King Clay. J. B. Chandler ........ ........................ 4 2 Bud Bonner, b g, by Prodigal-Miss Edgar 2:29, by Bourbon Wilkes .............................................. Childs 3 4 La Boudie, b f, by Wilask-Resemble 2:29, by Earl .... Saunders 5 5 Time- V2 4 Mile. :34 1:08 1:42 2:17Y2 :34 1:09 1:4312 2:18f4 Siliko made but one start as a three-year-old, it being in the colors of Hamburg Place in the fourteenth renewal of the Kentucky Futuritv for three-year-olds. The race was trotted over a heavy track, as it had rained for four days previous. Siliko won and in doing so proved himself master of the field. To see him skimming the earth, said the Horse Review in its report of the meeting, like a swallow, reminded one of the day in 1904 when Grace Bond, another midget trotter, stepped home the winner. Siliko is a veritable little Beau Brummel in make-up and appearance, but there the simile ends, for he is, first of all, a trotting machine, possessed of a highly-keyed motor and gameness, of the sort which accomplishes great things. His victory was a popular one-but there is a "rift in the lute," caused by a deplorable accident in the third heat. Siliko had beaten The Abbe conclusively in the first and second heats. In the third The Abbe was sent away trailing Siliko and in going around the first turn Knap McCarthy pulled Siliko out perhaps half a sulky width from the pole. Ben White drove The Abbe into the gap and what happened afterwards, rather the cause of what transpired, will be food for discussion for a long time to come. The crowd saw Siliko fall and The Abbe stumble over the prostrate horse and his driver. It was a desperate looking accident and a groan went up when it occurred. Siliko got to his feet and ran toward the outside fence. A track harrow was in his path and over this he tumbled, falling on his head and turning com- pletely over. The Abbe was caught before he could rise and to the intense relief of the crowd both drivers were seen to be standing on their feet. After a long deliberation the judges announced that The Abbe was distanced because of a foul. But to revert to the race and its story. The Abbe's splendid race at Columbus, where he set the world's race record for entire three- This page in the original text is blank. i I i ii f ,, -, 2"11- - . i , p i t GEORGE WILKES 2:22. Son of lain bhefenial. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden year-olds at 2:102, made him a natural favorite. Governor Francis and Ed Custer had fought a head and head battle at Cincinnati last week, so there was little to choose between them. Siliko had not raced this season, but it was known that the veteran "Knapsack" McCarthy had him in fine condition, as evidenced by several miles better than 2:12 in his work. These four were figured as contenders, despite the fact that several members of the field had on other occasions showed good form. Siliko drew the pole, then came Daffodil, Alceste, The Abbe, Kid McGregor, Quisetta, Lightsome, Ed Custer, Governor Francis and Vera Prodigal. Starter Frank Walker got them away to a fine start with little scoring and at once Siliko and Daffodil stepped out in front. At the quarter Siliko was first by a length, followed by Daffodil, Alceste and The Abbe. Governor Francis broke at the eighth and further breaks put him back of the flag. Foote stated that the colt's check- rein was thrown loose and he was unable to control him on that account. Daffodil broke at the half, and then The Abbe moved past Alceste and trailed Siliko around the turn. The Abbot's brother was at Siliko's saddle at the long distance stand and here White made his drive. The Abbe responded momentarily but "Knapsack" shook the ribbons over Moko's little son, who instantly moved forward. White ceased driving and Siliko won in 2:114, with The Abbe at his wheel. Alceste was third five lengths back, while Lightsome was a length astern of her, having Quisetta for company. Ed Custer was sixth, having passed two horses in the stretch. In the second heat White changed his tactics with The Abbe, taking Siliko over to the half in 1:04,2, at which point they were on even terms. Alceste was third five lengths back and the others strung out. The leaders reached the six furlongs in 1:37Y2 and now it became a question of which colt would tire first. Well into the stretch White called on The Abbe, but the colt was all in. Siliko stepped home fresh and strong in 2:11 . Charley DeRyder closed very fast with Alceste, but the filly broke just as she had reached The Abbe's side. Ed Custer was fourth five lengths back and Lightsome fifth. Kid McGregor broke several times and was distanced. 'After the accident in the third heat, which has already been described, Alceste and Ed Custer went over to the half head and head, the former breaking at that point. Lightsome and Daffodil then followed Custer around the turn and were lapped on him at the head of the stretch. Custer tried hard under Chandler's urgence, but Benyon had the fresher mount, landing Lightsome winner by a head in 2:14. Daffodil was third, only a length away. After the judges had rendered their decision distancing The Abbe and placing Siliko, everyone wondered whether or not "Knapsack" would be able to drive. He was too shaky to undertake the task, so John Splan, who represented Siliko's owner, John E. Madden, the well-known thoroughbred turfman, selected M. E. McHenry. When the grand colt appeared he seemed little the worse for his thrilling 17 18 The Trotters at Hamburg Place escapade and the crowd cheered him vigorously, and when he went on and wo-n pandemonium reigned, it needing just such a climax to cap a race so full of thrills. But there was yet to be more excitement. When the huge floral horseshoe was brought out cheers resounded for "Knapsack" and soon the veteran of 35 years of turf battles was seated w ithin its gorgeous arch. Battle scarred and weary was "Knap- sack," his head swathed in bandages, but his smile was full of youth and victory. McHenry, to whom the victory in part belonged, stood beside "Knap". In honor of their Irish heritage the band played "The Wearing of the Green," and followed it with "The Banks of the Wabash" -to remind McCarthy of his Terre Haute home. Lexington, Ky., Oct. 3, 1906. The Kentucky Futurity, for three- year-old trotters; purse 14,000. Siliko, b c, by Moko-Silicon 2:132, by Wilton.......... McCarthy and McHenry ............ .................. 1 1 7 1 Lightsome, br f, by Constantine-Bourbonlight, p, 2:18, by Bourbon Wilkes ............ ................... Benyon 4 5 1 4 Ed Custer, ch c, by Baronmore-Marble 2:14, by King Clay Chandler ............................................... 6 4 2 2 Alceste. br f, by Jay Bird-Easumorn, by Baron Wilkes.... DeRyder ................................................ 3 3 4 6 Daffodil, br f, by Directly-Falfa (2) 2:20, by Allerton...Ames 7 7 3 3 Vera Prodigal, br f, by Prodigal-Vera Capel, p, 2:07, by Wilton ....... Childs 8 6 5 5 Quisetta, b f, by Bingen-Nowaday 2:14, by Lookaway Nolan .................................................. 5 8 6 7 The Abbe, bl c, by Chimes-Nettie King 2:20, by Mambrino King ..... White 2 2 dis. Kid McGregor, b c, by Jay 'McGregor-Ida Phelps, by King N-utwood ..... McPherson 9 dis. Gov. Francis, br c, by Arion-Gracie V. 2:30, by Crittenden Foote .dis. Time -4 V2 M Mile :34 1:06Y 1:39 2:11 :33 1:04 1:37 2:113,4 :34 1:062 1:40 2:142 :341 1:07'4 1:39 2:13 After h_.v ing trotted a public trial in 2:06, and being timed sep- arately in a race in 2:05Y4 as a four-year-old, Siliko was sold from Hamburg Place to Mr. Louis W. Winans, Brighton, England. He shipped him to Europe and in 1908 raced him on the continent, where his narme soon became a household word on account of the magnificent form shown by him at Vienna, Austria, on June 14, where over a five- eighths mile track he defeated Onward Silver, Lotta, Codero and Icon in 2:08 3-10, 2:10 4-10, the time for the first heat being a new European record for a mile, and it remained at the top of the list until August 27, 1910, when Prosty cut it to 2:08 in the race in which she defeated Krepish over the mile track at Moscow, Russia. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden The following summary of four of Siliko's races in Europe are taken from the official annuals issued in Austria and Italy: Vienna, Austria, June 14, 1908. Sommer Preis. 8000 K. (5000, 1500, 1000, 500K.) Fur 3jahr. und altere Pferde. Dist. ca. 1609 Meter. (I engl. Meile.) Heatfahren, zwei von drei. Pistanzpfosten 150 Meter. Eins. 150 K. (6 Unterschriften.). Hrn. Louis W. Winans' 5j. amer. br. H. Siliko v. Moko a. d. Silicon 1609 m Pennock ............ ........................ 1 1 Hrn. Gav. Giuseppe Rossi's a. amer. F.-H. Onward Silver 1609 m Bes . ..................................................... 3 2 Hrn. Leopold Hauser's 8j. amer. R.-St. Lotta 1609 m Tappan.. 2 5 Hrn. Eugen Grimmer v. Adelsbach's 5j. amer. Brsch.-H. Codero 1609 m Bodimer ............... ............................. 4 3 Hrn. Louis W. Winans' 6j. amer. br. St. Icon 1609 m Burns.... 5 4 Time 2:08 3/10, 2:10 4/10. Vienna, Austria. July 8, 1908. Preis von Berlin. 3000 K. (1600, 800, 400, 200 K.) Fur 3jahr. und altere Pferde aller Lander. Dist. 2100 Meter. Europaischen Pferde 15 Meter erlaubt. Meetingszulage 15 Meter fur jede 800 K. Eins. 48 K. (11 Unterschriften). Hrn. Louis W. Winans' 5j. amer. br. h. Siliko v. Moko a. d. Silicon 2100 m Pennock. 1 Hrn. Leopold Hauser's 7j. cisl. br. H. Achilles H. 2085 m. Tappan 2 Hrn. Josef Weiniger's 6j. amer. F.-H. Shady G. 2130 m Switzer 3 Hrn. Jul. Morgenstern & S. Ruzicka's 6j. ung. br. H. Ideal 2085 m Gassolini. 4 Hrn. E. Grimmer von Adelsbach's 5j. amer. Brsch.-H. Codero 2115 m Bodimer .............................................. 5 Hrn. Walter Winans' SJ amer. br. H. Hemp Hurd 2100 m Arm- strong . .................................................. 6 Time 2:57 6/10. Baden, Austria. August 16, 1908. Matodoren-Turnier. 4000 K. (2000, 1000, 600, 400 K.) Fur 3jahr. und altere Pferde aller Lander. Heatfahren zwei von drei. Dist. 1609 Met. Meetingszulage: 15 Meter fur je 1500 K. Bins. 60 K. (11 Unterschriften.). Hrn. Louis W. Winans' 5j. amer. br. H. Siliko v. Moko a. d. Silicon 1609 m Pennock ........... ......................... 1 I Hrn. Gav. Giuseppe Rossi's 8j cisl. dbr. H. Argonaut 1624 m Bes ...................................................... 2 2 Hrn. Eugen Grimmer v. Adelsbach's 5j. amer. Rtsch.-H. Codero 1609 m Bodimer .............. ............................. 3 3 Hrn. Guiseppe Sesana's 8j. amer. br. H. Grattan Bells 1639 m Barbetta . ............................................. 4 5 Hrn. Louis W. Winans' 11j. amer. F.-H. Alton 1609 m Burns .... S 4 Gestuts Sharova 4j. ung. R.-H. Keserves 1609 m Ryerson ...... 6 Time 2:14 9/10, 2:13 6/10. Faenza, Italy. August 29, 1908. Campionato Europeo. Lire 10,000 (5000-2500-1300-800-400) per cavalli interi e cavalle di 3 anni ed oltre d'ogni paese. Vincere due prove-Entrata lire 200, forfeit 100-Distanza metri 1609. 19 The Trotters at Hamburg Place Grande medaglia d'oro, dono del Municipio, al cavallo che raggiun- gera un tempo pui veloce del Record conseguito da Kirkwood (2:12) nella Riunione di Faenza del 1905 e lire 500 al cavallo che migliorera i] tempo ottenuto da Siliko (2:08Y4) uella Riunione di Vienna, Guigno 1908 (7 iscirzioni). Siliko, m. b, 5 a., di W. L. Winans Pennock .................. 3 1 1 Fanny P., f. b., 8 a., die Fratelli Giorgi Ad. Giorgi ............1 4 4 Onward Silver, m s., 13 a., del Gav. G. Rossi proprietario .... 0 2 2 Grattan Bells, m. b., S a., di G. Lamma Barbetta ............. 2 3 3 Princess Xenia, f. b., 8 a., di F. Mauro proprietario ............ 0 5 R Time 2:12 4/5, 2:11 1/5, 2:12 2/5. Trieste, Austria. September 8, 1908. Preis von London. 4000 K. (1500, 1000, 700, 500, 300 K.) Fur 3jahr. und altere Pferde. Heatfabren zwei von drei. Dist. 1609 Meter. Europaischen Pferden, welche in diesem Meeting gestartet sind und hierbei weniger als 1000 K. gewonnen haber, 15 Meter erlaubt. Meetingszulage: fur jede in den Preisen von Trist und Paris gewonnenen 1000 K. 15 Meter. Eins. 40 K (18 Unterschriften.) Hrn. Louis W. Winans' 5j. amer. br. H. Siliko v. Moko a. d. Silicon 1609 m Pennock ......... ......................... 1 I Scuderia's Ambrosiana 8j. franz. br. H. Astruc 1594 m Gallo.... 3 2 Hrn. Pratti & Tamberi's 9j. amer. br. H. Wainscott 1624 m Tamberi ..... 2 3 Hrn. Gav. Guiseppe Rossi's 8i. ital. br. H. Nizzardo 1594 m Bes. 4 4 Hrn. Mario Rasero's 7j. ital. br. H. Vandalo 1594 m Barbetta 5 5 Hrn. Gebruder Giorgi's 7j. amer. dbr. St. Fanny P 1609 m Giorgi 6 6 Time 2:12 8/10, 2:12 4/10. Early in 1910 Mr. Winans shipped Siliko, Allen Winter, Willy and Dora to America, it being his intention to start the four of them at all of the leading Eastern meetings. Willy and Dora were raced but Siliko had to remain at Cleveland on account of a slight injury. It was with regret that this decision was arrived at, as he had shown enough speed to have placed his name in the first flight of the world's trotters. In November, during the New York Horse Show, Siliko was repurchased by John E. Madden for Edward and Joseph Madden for Hamburg Place, and is now there in the stud. 20 This page in the original text is blank. , i I 4 - 41 ELECTIONEER 125. Son of Hambletonian 10. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden VICE-COMMODORE 34710. Record 2:11. Member of Sophy Family. Two-year-old trial 2:21, and at that age he could brush faster than a 2:15 trotter. Sire of The Commoner (2) ......... 2:25 Tyre Brae (2) ....... ....... 2:293/4 Hydrangea (2) ............. 2:28 Commodore Welch (3).....2:26/4 Commander (3) .......... 2:303/4 Grandson of Nancy Hanks 2:04. Brother to Albia 2:1034. From the Bingen and Arion cross that produced the 30,000 stallion Todd 2:143/4, Bingara 34707, etc. Bay horse; foaled 1901. Bred by J. Malcolm Forbes, Boston, Mass., passed to A. J. Welch, Hartford, Conn., and then to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. By BINGEN 29567. Record 2:0654. Sire of Uhlan (champion trotter).. .1:58y. Todd (a wonderful sire).. ..2:1454 Admiral Dewey ............ 2:04Y4John Ward . 2:05Y4 King Cole .................. 2:055.4 The Leading Lady (3) . 2:07 Owaissa .................... 2:06Y4 J. Malcolm Forbes (3) . 2:09/ Totara... 2:0954 Codero (4-year-old record) 2:0954 and 87 other performers in 2:30 or better. Nahma 2:07/ is out of a daughter of Bingen, while his sons have sired Kentucky Todd (3-year-old) 2:0854, Binvolo (3-year-old) 2:093X, (4-year-old) 2:09, Cochato (3-year-old) 2:11V/2, Bob Douglass (3-year- old) 2:12, (5-year-old) 2:06, (6-year-old) 2:04, (all four stake winners), Bisa 2:10, second as a three-year-old in 2:0654, Major Wellington 2:08, etc. Son of May King 10272, record 2:21, son of Electioneer 125. 1st dam Young Miss, by Young Jim 2009, son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 2d dam Miss Mambrino, by Red Wilkes 1749; 3rd dam Miss Clark, by Alaric 983; 4th dam Kate, by Clark Chief 89; 5th dam Lida, by Vandal, thoroughbred, etc. May King was once owned by J. E. Madden, the father of Edward and Joseph Madden of Hamburg Place. He was a very speedy, smooth- gaited horse and always on the trot. 21 The Trotters at Hamburg Place 1st dam NARION ................. by ARION 18000. Dam of Vice-Commodore. 2:11 Albia ................ 2:10Y4 Darion (3) ............... 2:292 Sister to Lord Roberts ............ 2:07 V4 Sire of 3 in ............ 2:30 Narion was the first foal of Nancy Hanks and was sent early to the stud with little advantages for track training as a result. She was never in harness long enough to be fit- ted for a record mile, but she was a natural trotter and a mare with a high burst of un- developed speed. Arion's daughters are the dams of Kentucky Futurity, etc.), Albia 2:1434 (a wonderful sire), Anella Record 2:07 as a 4-year-old. Champion 2-yr-old trotter from 1889 to 1909, 2:104 to high wheels; 3 - year - old record 2:10Y2, also a world's record for a colt at that age for a decade and a half, etc. Sold for 125,000. Sire of Lord Roberts ............. 2:07 Nico ................. 2:08 Gov. Francis (H. R. Fut.) 2:08 Crystallion ............... 2:08 Frazee ................. 2:09/2 Masconomo ............... 2:10 and 57 others in 2:30 or better. Sadie Mac 2:06 (winner of the 2:104, Capt. Bacon 2:101, Todd 2:202, Nico the Second 2:21 (sire of Major Wellington 2:08Y4), Bingara (sire of Binvolo 2:09), etc. Son of Electioneer 125; Ist dam Manette (dam of 4 in 2:30), by Nutwood 600, record 2:184; 2nd dam Emblem (grandam of Flying Jib 2:04, with running mate 1:584), by Tattler 300, son of Pilot Jr. 12; 3rd dam Young Portia (dam of Voltaire 2:20), by Miambrino Chief 11; 4th dam Portia, by 'McCracken's Roebuck; 5th dam mare, by Black- burn's Whip, thoroughbred. 2d dam NANCY HANKS ..... Record 2:04. World's champion trotter 1892-94. Dam of Admiral Dewey .......... 2:044 Lord Roberts ............ 2:07 Nancy McKerron (3).....2:10 Markala .................. 2:18 Nancy's Todd (trial) ...... 2:26V2 Grandam of Vice-Commodore ......... 2:11 Albia .................... 2: 1 OY4 Nancy Bingen ........... 2:23V4 Darion (3) ............. 2:29 Vanitza (3) ............. 2:292 Nancy Hanks is the only trotting champion mare that has two performers better than 2:08 or four performers better than 2:19 to her credit as a pro- ducer. .by HAPPY MEDIUM 400. Record 2:32. Sire of Nancy Hanks ............. 2:04 Riley Medium ............ 2:10 Maxey Cobb .............. 2:13 (ex-champion trotting stallion) Falkland.2:13 Folly.. 2:17 Almont Medium. 2:18 and 93 others in 2:30 or better. His daughters have produced Admiral Dewey ........... 2:044 Lord Roberts ............. 2:07 Arthur J. ................. 2:07 Bonnie Ailse .............. 2:082 Tregantle ................. 2:09 Trampfast (as a 2-year-old in the Ky. Futurity) ...... 2:12 Queen Gothard ........... 2:142 Allen Lowe ............... 2:16 and 147 others in 2:30. Nancy Hanks made and still holds the world's record for the three fastest consecutive heats in a race to high wheels, 2:12, 2:12, 2:12, and these heats are also the fastest first, second, and third heats in a race to that hitch. 22 Property of Edward and Joseph Madden Happy Medium's sons have sired 454 performers in 2:30 or better, including Peter the Great 2:07 (a Futurity winner and sire of three Futurity winners), Pilot Boy 2:09, Waubun 2:09, Evelyn Byrd 2:09, Que Allen (a European Champion, and sire of the dam of Allen Winter 2:062, winner of the 50,000 American Handi- cap in 1908), B. B. P. 2:093X4, etc. Son of Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's). Sire of 40 trotters in 2:30 or better. He has not a pacer in the list. 1st dam Princess 2:30, by Hambletonian (Andrus'); 2nd dam Isaiah Wilcox Mare, by Burdick's Engineer. Princess, the dam of Happy Medium, was a faster mare than her 2:30 record indicates. She first raced as Topsy, and was a rival of the champion trotter of early days, the great mare Flora Temple 2:194. Princess was one of the early gems of the late Robert Bonner's superb collection of noted trotting mares. She had a ten mile race record of 29 minutes and 10 seconds to wagon. 3rd dam NANCY LEE ............. by DICTATOR 113. Dam of Nancy Hanks ........... 2:04 Nancy Stam .............. 2:30 Dictator Wilkes 5231, sire of Aunt Jerusa ............ 2:08 Dick Turpin ........... 2:0952 MXeta S., dam of Muda Guy (3) ........... 2:12 Bugle (4) .............. 2:12 Enticing ................ 2:264 Lady Boone, dam of The Keepsake .......... 2:18 Director Moore 30492, sire of Directomer ............. 2:10 Guyrector.2:16 Meda Direct ............ 2:21 Red Will 32948, sire of Georgia Lady .......... 2:26 Grandam of Narion, dam of Vice-Commodore ....... 2:11 Albia .................. 2:104 Darion (3) ............. 2:29 Princess of Monaco, dam of Nancy Bingen .......... 2:23 Vanitza (3) ............ 2:29 Sire of Jay-Eye-See (p, 2:06)....2:10 (ex-champion trotter). Impetuous ....... ..... 2:13 (Sensational colt trotter). Phallas............ 2:134 (ex-champion trotting stallion). Minnie Cassell ........... 2:16 Director ........... ... 2:17 (Winner first Charter Oak Stake). Delineator ................ 2:18 and 54 others in 2:30 or better. His daughters have produced Nancy Hanks ........... 2:04 Bracegirdle ........... 2:05 Gordon Prince ........... 2:05 Egozen .................... 2:06 Gazette...... 2:07 X Lockheart ...... 2:082 Princess Eulalia .......... 2:09 4 Kellar Thomas ...........2:12 Dick Mack ........... 2:16 Brown .. ........... 2:1834 Silver Song ........... 2:18 Robert K. ........... 2:194 and 123 others in 2:30 or better. Dictator's sons have sired 350 performers in 2:30 or better, includ- ing Directum, ex-four-year-old champion trotter 2:05, ex-cham- pion trotting stallion, and grandsire of the four-year-old champion trotter Joan 2:04, Norman B. 2:06, Chase 2:07X, Onoqua 2:0854 (as a four-year-old), Dorothy Redmond 2:09, etc. Son of Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's). 1st dam Clara (dam of Dexter, a champion trotter, 2:17), by American Star 14; 2d dam the McKinstry Mare, dam of Shark 2:27Y4 to saddle, etc. 23 The Trotters at Hamburg Place Clara, Dictator and Dexter's dam, also produced Alma 2:284 (dam of America 2:234), Astoria 2:29Y2, Lady Dexter (dam of Dexter Prince 11363) and Hyacinth, dam of Reina Victoria, which sold at auction as a brood mare for 7,025 and is the dam of Princeton 2:194 and three others in 2:30 or better. Hyacinth is also the fifth dam of the champion trotting stallion The Harvester 2:01. 4th darn SOPHY ................... by EDWIN FORREST 49. Grandam of Mike Wilkes ............. 2:15 Ira Wilkes ............... 2:224 Sire of 23 in ........... 2:30 Adrian Wilkes 5060, Sire of 74 in ............2:30 Bristow, Sire of 1 in ............. 2:30 Rivulet, dam of Equity Wilkes .......... 2:2:234 Sire of 8 in .......... 2:30 Streamlet, dam of Alkone ....--......... 2:21 Sire of 4 in ........... 2:30 Julia Ann Johnson ........ 2:45 XVorld's race record for two year-old trotters 1871-72. Sire of Billy Hoskins ............ 2:26 Champagne ............... 2:30 Sire of the dams of Geneva .................... 2:112 Expert Prince ............ 2:134 So So .................... 2:17 AMambrino Dudley ........ 2:19/4 London ................... 2:20 Alley Bonner ............. 2:23fi Forest Bird ............... 2:24 Nutrition .................. 2:24 Grosjean .................. 2:244 Wilton Jr . ................ 2:25 Fugleman .................. 2:27 Hermes ................... 2:272 Almont Jr. ............... 2:29 Edwin Forrest 49 was a son of Young Bay Kentucky Hunter, by Kentucky Hunter. No mention is made in early record of either Edwin Forrest's sire or grandsire being pacers. There is record of Kentucky Hunter being a trotter under the name of Zouave. He was a son of Brown's Bellfounder. Edwin Forrest's dam, Doll, by \Watkin's Young Highlander, was of thoroughbred origin, her dam being a daughter of Duroc (son of the first English Derby winner, imp. Diomed), and her grandam was by imp. Messenger, the latter so intensely thoroughbred that he belongs to the No. 1 line of the Bruce Lowe figure system. Sophy, the dam of Nancy Lee, was foaled in 1858, the property of H. Boswell, Fayette County, Kentucky, and remained his property until she died in i887. She was a bay mare standing 15 hands high, and she founded a family of noted horses. A list of her foals and a few remarks in regard to them will interest those who have any of her descendants. 1867-b m, Nellie B., by Harry B. Patchen. Nellie B. produced Mike WVilkes 2:154 pacing, 2:26/2 trotting; Ira Wilkes 2:224 pacing, 2:28 trotting, and sire of 23 in 2:30 and the dams of 26 in 2:30; Adrian Wilkes 6560, sire of 74 in 2:30 and dams of 59 in 2:30, as well as Our Mary, by Lelaps, a son of imp. Leamington, which is the dam of American Jay 2:21, sire of 1 in 2:30, Lady Kenton, the grandam of Princine 2:105/4, and Kadijah 2:28, the dam of Delijah 2:11, and Town Lady 2:11Y2, daughter of Wilton which has produced Lady Worthy 2:11 and Town Directly 2:15. 1868-b m, Chamouni, by Brignoli 77. Was raced as a four and five- year-old, but did not get a record. 24 This page in the original text is blank. pr7 BARON WILKES 2:18. The live wire of the George Wilkes Family. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden 1869-b m, Julia Ann Johnson, by Andy Johnson. She placed the two- year-old record of the world at 2:454 when she distanced Estey's chestnut filly in a race at Lexington, Kentucky, October 20, 1871. She was the first champion in the Sophy family. 1870-m, by Clark Chief 89. Had a filly by George Wilkes 519; was injured in foaling, and never bred again. 1871-s, by Clark Chief 89, foaled dead. 1872-blk s, Bristow, by Mambrino Patchen 58. Sire of X Y Z 2:29. 1873-s, by Mambrino Pathen 58. Gelded and sold to parties in England. 1874-b m, Rivulet, by George Wilkes 519. Dam of Equity Wilkes 2:234, sire of 8 in 2:30, including Stella (4) 2:09. 1875-b mn, Streamlet, by Almont 33. Dam of Alkone 2:21, sire of 4 in 2:30, including Edna Kone 2:14. 1877-b m, by Dictator 113. Died young. 1878-blk m, Nancy Lee, by Dictator 113. Dam of Nancy Stam 2:30, dam of 3 in 2:30; Lady Boone, dam of The Keepsake 2:18; Dictator Wilkes, sire of 12 in 2:30; Director Moore, sire of 5 in 2:30; Red Will, sire of I in 2:30 and the champion Nancy Hanks 2:04, dam of Admiral Dewey 2:044, sire of 14 in 2:30, Lord Roberts 2:07, sire of 3 in 2:30, Nancy McKerron 2:10Y2, Markala 2:184; Narion dam of Albia 2:104, Vice-Commodore 2:11 and Darion 2:29/; Prin- cess of Monaco, dam of Nancy Bingen 2:23 and Vanitza 2:29. 1879-m, Ruth, by Young Hambletonian. Dam of North Star 2:51Y2. Sophy produced nine fillies, of that number two were trained, and one of the pair placed the world's record for two-year-old trotters 2:45, and made the mark in 1871 in a race in which her only competitor was distanced. Five of the other fillies were speed producers, Nancy Lee, having like her dam, produced a champion in Nancy Hanks 2:04. Nellie B.'s sons and daughters also sired and produced speed and they are also breeding on the fast list. Developed sons of Rivulet and Streamlet are also sires of performers and Ruth has one trotter to her credit. Of Sophy's sons, only one was given an opportunity in the stud, and like the majority of the Mambrino Patchen stallions, he failed to make good. 5th dam SOPHRONIA .by PARKER'S BROWN PILOT. Parker's Brown Pilot was a pacer. He was a son of Old Copper Bottom, by Brutus, son of the original Copper Bottom that was brought to the United States from Canada. It was a line of good early road horses and no record mentions any of them being at all known as pacers, with the exception of Parker's Brown Pilot, and his progeny did not inherit his pacing gait, he being the sire of the famous Burch Mare, the dam of Rosalind 2:21, Donald 2:27, and he also got Blandina, the dam of Swigert 650, King Rene 1278, Abdallah Pilot 708, etc. Copper Bottom is the accredited sire of the grandam of the famous trotter Black Cloud 2:17. 6th dar ....... by BERTRAND. Son of Sir Archy, by imp. Diomed, first English Derby winner. 25 The Trotters at Hamburg Place 7th dam .... by LANCE. Full brother to Ariel, winner of 42 races and 32,300 on the running turf over 80 years ago. Son of American Eclipse, an unbeaten race horse. Vice-Commodore has many promising colts scattered over Central Kentucky and his get possess all the superb conformation of their sire with the inheritance of a pure trotting gait. During the season of 1909 Commodore Welch, one of his first crop of foals, made a three-year-old record of 2:26 while several yearlings showed quarters in 35 seconds for George Hayes, M. Bowerman, and other trainers. Also on November 11, 1909, the three-year-old colt Commander, by Vice-Commodore, dam Margaret Welch, by Marston C., won the Charmer race for 2500 crowns at Vienna, Austria, over 2220 meters. He trotted the distance at a 2:304 gait. During the past season three of his two-year-olds made records while a number of others showed 2:20 speed. Vice-Commodore was developed and trained as a youngster by Henry Titer. He drove him as a two-year-old a mile in 2:21 "well within himself", to use the trainer's own words, and Titer is also authority for the statement that he could at that age out-trot any 2:15 horse through the stretch. In 1904, when a three-year-old, early in May, Vice-Commodore passed out of Titer's stable and his then pur- chaser, A. J. Welch, who paid 6,900 at auction for him, placed him in the stud at Hartford, Conn. In 1907 while making a big stud season, trainer George Hayes managed to give Vice-Commodore suffi- cient preparation to fit him for a fast mile, and at the Kentucky Trotting Horse Breeder's Association meeting in October of that year W. H. McCarthy drove him to his present record of 2:11. In August, 1909, at Cleveland the world's race record was reduced by Hamburg Belle in the colors of Hamburg Place when she defeated Uhlan in 2:01, 2:014. This was followed by her sale for 50,000, the record price for trotting mares, and her defeat the following week over the oiled track at Readville. Uhlan, a son of Bingen, was the winner and while he looked good to the New England eye on that occasion, he proved himself a faster horse at Cleveland when after trotting the mile in second horse place he was only beaten a head in 2:01 . The class of Uhlan placed the seal of public approval, which was long withheld, on the racing qualities of the Bingen family, although it had been credited to it in the stud on account of the extreme speed and sterling race qualities shown by the get of Todd and Bingara, two sons of Bingen, which are like Vice-Commodore out of Arion mares and whose dams are also like his out of mares with race records. A few weeks after the Readville race, Uhlan was purchased by C. K. G. Billings. He placed him in charge of "Doc" Tanner and under his management during the season of 1910 the "beautiful black" reduced all trotting records in the open to 1:584. Uhlan's amateur owner also drove him to wagon in 2:01 and the limit of this gelding's speed is still an unknown quantity. True it may be only a fraction of a second under his present record, but just think what a fraction means when a horse is trotting miles under two minutes, as this gelding did when cut loose for the first and only time in harness by his present trainer. 26 This page in the original text is blank. I ml MWAY KING 2:21j'4. The son of Electioneer that sired Bingen. Sold by John E. Madden to New England parties. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden 27 PETER LEYBURN 45083. Record 2:26. Member of Manie Family. Bay horse; foaled 1905. Bred by W. E. D. Stokes, Patchen Wilkes Farm, Lexington, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the Amerian Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By PETER THE GREAT 28955. Record in a race at four years old 2:07. Winner of the Kentucky Futurity. Race record as a three-year- old 2:12Y2. Sire of Sadie Mac .. ......... 2:06 The Wolverine (2) ........ 2:13V2 Winner of the Kentucky and Miss Stokes (yearling rec.) 2:19 Hartford Futurities, etc. Two-year-old record ... 2:094 Grace (3)...... 2:08 Nahma .... 2:07y4 Winner of the Kentucky Futu- Czarevna (2-yr-old record) ..2:12 rity and Champion Stallion Three-yr-old race record 2:07 Stakes. Winner of the American Horse Peter Donna ............... 2:08 Breeders, Kentucky, and Horse Peter W. .................. 2:08'2 Review Futurities. and 55 others in 2:30 or better at sixteen years of age. Son of Pilot Medium 1597, by Happy Medium 400, son of Hamble- tonian 10; 1st dam Santos (dam of J. Malcolm Forbes (3) 2:092, Chimes of Normandy 2:16, Episode 2:18, Barzaleel 2:23, Shults- worthy 2:26/2, Music Master 2:30, etc.), by Grand Sentinel 865, record 2:27, son of Sentinel 280, record 2:294, by Hambletonian 10, 2d dam Shadow (dam of 4 in 2:30), by Octoroon; 3rd dam Swallow by Joe Hooker 185, son of Mambrino Chief 11, etc. 1st dam SCOURINE . ........... by WILTON 5982. Record 2:182. Record 2:19. Dam of Sire of Roma Leyburn (Roma) ...2:18 Eudora ............. 2:05 Sarah Leyburn ........... 2:20/2 Willie Benton.2:05 (Miss Hamburg). Will Leyburn . 2:06 Scourine M ........... 2:26 .2 Vera Capel ............... 2:07Y2 Peter Leyburn ........... 2:26 And 5 others in .......... 2:10 Wilton's daughters have produced Siliko (Futurity winner) 2:08 3/10, The Plunger 2:072, Gayton 2:08, Peter W. 2:082, Dorothy Red- mond 2:09, Lady Thisbe 2:11 and 70 others in 2:30 or better, and his sons have sired 141 in 2:30 or better, including Laura Bellini 2:04, Roamer 2:054, Clinton B. 2:08, Princess Moquette 2:08, Bessie Drake 2:08Y4 and Fred Wilton 2:09. Wiltwood 2:29, a son of Wilton, is the sire of the dam of Susie N., three-year-old record 2:09. (Continued on next page). The Trotters at Hamburg Place Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Alley (dam of Albert France 2:20/4, Alley Russell 2:22Y4 and Harkaway 2875, sire of 6 in 2:30), by Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's); 2nd dam Lady Griswold (dam of Kent 5560, sire of 11 the Hackett Horse. 2d dam MAMIE ................. Could beat 2:30 as a 3-year-old. Dam of Catherine Leyburn ....... 2:14 Helen Leyburn .......... 2:14 Rose Leyburn ........... 2:15 Scourine ................. 2:18 Alice Leyburn ............ 2:29 Criterion ................. 2:29Y4 Grandam of 25 performers in 2:30 or better. Mamnie's entire produce, six fillies by four different sires are all in the 2:30 list. in 2:30), by Flying Morgan, son of .by STAR ALMONT 6673. Son of Almont 33. Record 2:39)4. Sire of Westmont ................ 2:13)4 Puritan ....2:16 Fanny Witherspoon .....2:16Y4 Piedmont .................. 12:17 Aldine .................... 2:19Y4 Early Rose ................ 2:203 and 31 others in 2:30 or better. And the dams of Dora Highwood .......... 2:133 Mercurious ................ 2:143, And 134 others in .......... 2:30 Star Almont 6673 is out of Maggie Gaines (dam of Hamlin's Almont, Jr., 2:26, etc.), by Blood's Black Hawk, sire of the dams of Von Arnim 2:19512, Blackwood, Jr., 2:222, etc. Blood's Black Hawk was a son of Vermont Black Hawk 5. Maggie Gaines is the 3rd dam of Walnut Hall 2:08, the sire of The Harvester, three-year-old record 2:08Y4, and winner of the Kentucky, Horse Review, and Stock Farm Futurities in 1908, four-year-old record 2:06)4, winner of Charter Oak Stake, world's champion stallion 2:01, and Grand Circuit champion in 1909 and 1910. 3d dam KIT ...................... by LONG'S AMERICAN BOY. First mare in the neighborhood Son of American Boy, dam of Midway, Woodford County, Matchless, by Cincinnatus, son Ky., that could trot a mile in of Shakespeare, grandam Du- 2:30. bois' New Jersey mare, dam of Dubois' Brown Highlander. American Boy, the sire of Long's American Boy, was a thoroughbred horse, a son of Seagulf out of a sister to Boxer, by imp. Expedition, grandam imp. Royalist. 4th dam GARDNER MARE ........ by RODGER'S HIGHLANDER. A famous pacer. A pacer from Canada. 28 This page in the original text is blank. k T x I -X ,- 4e 11 I II, ", ... ..... 7W 6 i MOKO, 24457. The sire of Siliko, European record 2:08,t,,. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden THE NATIVE 41077. Three-year-old record 2:17, trial 2:11/4. Member of Chestnut Belle Family. Brother to Native Belle, world's champion two-year-old trotter 2:074 and world's champion three-year-old filly 2:06, and Vanko 2:17, sire of Colonel V. 2:293/4. Second in the two-year-old division of Kentucky Futurity and third in Horse Review Futurity in 1906. Bay horse; foaled 1904. Bred at Walnut Hall Farm, Donerail, Ky., passed to Durbin Horn, Pittsburgh, Pa., passed to H. P. Haas, Pittsburgh, Pa., passed to Edward Thompson, Northport, N. Y., and then to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. By MOKO 24457. Sire of Native Belle (2) ............ 2:07f4 World's record and winner of the two-year-old division of Horse Review and Ken- tucky Futurities, Three-year- old record and winner of Horse Review Futurity 2:062 . Siliko ................ 2:08 3/10 Winner of Kentucky Futurity, and champion trotter of Europe, 1908-10. Mochester ................ 2:10 Brenda Yorke .............. 2:043/ 2:08 as a three-year-old, world's record for three- year-old pacer 1906-1909. Fereno ..................... 2:05X2 First winner of both divisions of the Kentucky Futurity. Silver Silk (4).2:083 Susie N . ................... 2:09 Winner Kentucky Futurity. Gomoko .................... 2:10 Mobel (Futurity winner)....2:10 and 52 others in 2:30 or better. Moko is also the sire of the dam of The Harvester 2:08 as a three-year-old and winner of the Kentucky, Horse Review, and Stock Farm Futurities, etc., 2:064 as a four-year-old and winner of the Charter Oak Stake, and 2:01 as a five-year-old, World's Champion Stallion and Grand Circuit Champion of 1909 and 1910. Moko is also the sire of the dam of Martha Tipton 2:09 and Vito (4) 2:092. Brother to Bumps 2:03, Baron D. 2:10, Baronine 2:2436, etc., son of Baron Wilkes 4758, record 2:18; 1st dam Queen Ethel, by Strathmore 408; 2nd dam Princess Ethel (dam of Lady Ethel 2:24 and Phantom 2:2934), by Volunteer 55; 3rd dam Black Bess (dam of Gloster 2:17), by Stockbridge Chief, son of Vermont Black Hawk 5; 4th dam, by Mambrino Paymaster, sire of Mambrino Chief 11. 1st dam YELLOW BELLE ........ by GEN. WELLINGTON 12961. (Registered as Julia D. C.) Trial 2:182. Dam of Native Belle ............. 2:07 World's champion 2-year-old. Three-year-old record 2:06X. The Native ............... 2:17 (Three-year-old record). Vanko ................. 2:17'4 Record 2:30. Brother to Sunol ................... 2:08 World's record to high wheels. Sire of Lady Wellington. 2:15/ Prince Well ............... 2:18 Marie Wellington ......... 2:19/ 29 The Troaiers at Hamburg Place Son of Electioneer 125; 1st dam Waxana [dam of Sunol 2:08, a world's champion and world's champion record for a trotter to high wheels, and the successful sires Sunolo 9900 (sire of 10 in 2:30); Woolsey 5537 (sire of 8 in 2:30) and Warrener 11764 (sire of 1 in 2:30) ]; by General Benton 1755; 2nd dam Waxy, by Lexington; 3rd dam Keenon Mare, by Brawner's Eclipse; 4th dam by Medoc; 5th dam Mary Streshley, by John Henry; 6th dam Mary Hemlin, by Harris' Paragon, son of Cook's Whip. 2d dam CHESTNUT BELLE ....... by RED WILKES 1749. Dam of Sire of Mobel ............. 2:10/4 Ralph Wilkes ............ 2:064 Mochester ....... 2:10 Admiral Red...2:09 Dartmore....... 2:11 X2 Ithuriel... 2:09 Chestnut King ........... 2:12 and 174 others in 2:30. Slipaway........... 2:1732 Sire of the dams of Chesko (3) ........ 2:19514 Major Brino ............ 2:05 Belmar. 2:27 Casonda ............ 2:05Y4 Grandam of...... Tommy H ... 2:07 Native Belle (3) .......... 2:06/2 Doctor Madara ........... 2:08 Vanko ... I 2:17 Walnut Hall .. . 2:08 The Native (3) ........... 2:17 and 6 others in 2:10. His sons have sired John R. Gentry 2:005, Sally Toler 2:06, Island Wilkes, Jr. 2:06, Helen R. 2:08X2, Fred W. 2:0852, Bert Oliver 2:0834, and 885 others in 2:30 or better. Red Wilkes 1749, four-year-old record 2:40, son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Queen Dido, by Mambrino Chief 11; 2nd dam by Red Jacket, son of Comet; 3rd dam Robert Patterson Mare. 3rd dam MARY ............. by GOVERNOR SPRAGUE 444. Grandam of 7 in.........2:30 Record 2:205. Great grandam of 3 in 2:20, one Sire of of which is a world's cham- Charley P .2:11 pion. and 37 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of McKinney .2:11 and 62 others in 2:30 or better. Governor Sprague 444, record 2:202, son of Rhode Island 267, record 2:232, by Whitehall (Young Moscow), son of North American; 1st dam Belle Brandon [dam of Amy 2:20 (dam of King Clay 2:274), Wilmar 2:2952 (sire of 3 in 2:30), Wildair (sire of 2 in 2:30) ] by Hambletonian 10; 2nd dam Young Jenny, by Young Bacchus; 3rd dam Worden Mare, by Exton Eclipse. 4th dam MAUD.b G............... by GILROY (thoroughbred). Son of Lexington. 5th dam BELLE .by MAMBRINO CHIEF 11. Sire of Lady Thorn ..... 2:18 30 This page in the original text is blank. BINGEN 2:O61. The live wire of the Electioneer family. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden The Native was sold by Walnut Hall Farm in January, 1906, as an unbroken two-year-old, bringing 2,100 at auction in Madison Square Garden. He was trained that season by Ed. Benyon and started in the Horse Review and Kentucky Futurities. In the Horse Review Futurity, won by Blue Hill, he finished third in both heats in 2:1854, 2:15Y4, and in The Kentucky Futurity he won second money, Kentucky Todd win- ning in 2:144, 2:1654. Ed. Benyon says "The Native was shipped to me after being purchased in January. He was unbroken and sickness prevented his being broken until April. Immediately after being broken he was taken sick again and was not trained from May 5th until August of that year. His first repeat was in September, and he only had four repeats to the time he started at Cincinnati. Only sickness that year prevented his being the world's champion two-year-old. I cannot say too much regarding his two-year-old form, as his record should have been very close to that of his sister's, Native Belle (2) 2:074 at that age. Forty days would have covered all of his training that year. As a three-year-old The Native worked in 2:11, but was not started in his engagements owing to sickness. He did start in a match race at Poughkeepsie taking a record of 2:17Y2. As a four-year-old he ran out at Walnut Hall Farm the entire year, and as a five-year-old he was in the stud at Hamburg Place. He will be campaigned in 1911. 31 This page in the original text is blank. ..................................' SILIKO 2:08`, in 1911. Winner of Lexington Stakes in 1905. Ir'inner of Kentucky Futurity in 1906. Champion TFrotter of Europe 1908- 1910. This page in the original text is blank. BROOD MARES This page in the original text is blank. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden NANCY HANKS. World's Champion Trotter 1892-1894. Record 2:04. Member of Sophy Family. Holder of the world's record for the fastest three consecutive heats in a race, 2:12, 2:123H4, 2:12 to high wheels and the fastest first, second, and third heats in a race to that hitch. The only stud matron to yet produce two trotters with records better than 2:07/. Dam of Admiral Dewey 2:0434, Lord Roberts 2:07/, Nancy McKerron 2:10y (at three years old in 1909), Markala 2:18'4, Narion (dam of Vice-Commodore 2:11, Albia 2:1034 and Darion (3) 2:29), Princess of Monaco (dam of Nancy Bingen 2:23, Vanitza 2:29 as a three-year-old), etc. Brown mare; foaled 1886. Bred by Hart Boswell, Lexington, Ky., passed to J. Malcolm Forbes, Boston, Mass., passed to J. M. Johnson, Ponkapog, Mass., and then to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vols. XI and XVIII. By HAPPY MEDIUM 400. Record 2:3212. Sire of Nancy Hanks .2:04 Riley Medium. 2:10 Maxie Cobb ........ 2:13/4 Falkland. ............. 2:13 y (Ex-champion trotting stallion). And 95 others in 2:30 or better. His daughters have produced Admiral Dewey 2:04, Lord Roberts 2:07, Arthur J. 2:07, Bonnie Ailse 2:082, Tregantle 2:09, Tramp- fast 2:12 (as a two-year-old in the Kentucky Futurity, the race record for colts at that age), and 149 others in 2:30 or better. His sons have sired 454 performers in 2:30 or better, including Peter the Great 2:07 (a Futurity winner and sire of three Futurity winners), Pilot Boy 2:09, Waubun 2:09, Evelyn Byrd 2:092, Que Allen (a European champion, and sire of the dam of Allen Winter 2:062, winner of the 50,000 American Handicap in 1908), B. B. P. 2:094, etc. Stormcliffe 2:13, the sire of The Broncho 2:00, is also out of a daughter of Happy Medium. Son of Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's). Sire of 40 trotters in 2:30 or better. He has not a pacer in the list. 1st dam Princess 2:30, by Hambletonian (Andrus'); 2d dam Isaiah Wilcox Mare, by Burdick's Engineer. Princess, the dam of Happy Medium, was a faster mare than her 2:30 record indicates. She first raced as Topsy and was a rival of the 35 The Trotters at Hamburg Place champion trotter of early days, the great mare Flora Temple 2:194, and had a ten mile record of 29 minutes and 104 seconds. She was one of the early gems of the late Robert Bonner's superb collection of noted trotting mares. 1st dam NANCY LEE............ Dam of Nancy Hanks ............ 2:04 Nancy Stam .............. 2:30 Dictator Wilkes 5231, Sire of Aunt Jerusha ........... 2:082 Dick Turpin.2:09/ Meta S., dam of Bugle (4-year-old) ....... 2:12 Muda Guy (3-year-old) 2:1214 Enticing ............... 2:26 Lady Boone, dam of The Keepsake ......... 2:18 Director Moore 30492, Sire of Directomer ............. 2:10 Guyrector .............. 2:17 Meda Direct ........... 2:21 Directa ................ 2:26 Red Will 32948, sire of Georgia Lady .......... 2:26 Grandam of Narion, dam of Vice-Commodore ....... 2:11 Sire of 4 in .......... 2:30 Albia ................... 2:103 Darion (3) ............. 2:29/2 .by DICTATOR 113. Sire of Jay-Eye-See .............. 2:10 (Ex-champion trotter). (Pacing record 2:06). Impetuous ............... 2:13 (Sensational colt trotter). Phallas ............... 2:13/ (Ex-champion trotting stallion). Director ............... 2:17 (Winner first Charter Oak Stake) and 56 others in 2:30 or better. His daughters have produced Nancy Hanks 2:04, Bracegirdle 2:05, Gordon Prince 2:05, Egozen 2:06, Gazette 2:07, Lockheart 2:082, Princess Eula- lia 2:09, Kellar Thomas 2:12, Dick Mack 2:16, Silver Song 2:182, Brown 2:184 and 124 others in 2:30 or better. His sons have sired 350 performers in 2:30 or better, including Direc- tum (four-yr-old champion trot- ter) 2:05 (and ex-champion trot- ting stallion), Norman B. 2:064, Chase 2:07, Onoqua 2:08, Dorothy Redmond 2:09, etc. Dictator 113, son of Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's); 1st dam Clara (dam of Dexter, a champion trotter, 2:17), by American Star 14; 2nd dam the McKinstry Mare, the dam of Shark 2:273/4 (to saddle), to harness 2:30. Clara, the dam of Dexter 2:17 and Dictator 113, also produced Alma 2:28Y4 (dam of America 2:23), Astoria 2:29, Lady Dexter (dam of Dexter Prince 11363), and Hyacinth, dam of Reina Victoria which sold at auction as a brood mare for 7,025. Hyacinth is the 5th dam of The Harvester 2:01, the world's champion trotting stallion and Grand Circuit champion of 1909 and 1910. American Star 14 (Seely's), son of a horse called American Star; 1st dam Sally Slouch, by Henry; 2nd dam by imp. Messenger. American Star sired 4 trotters. He has not a pacer in the list. Thirty- five of his daughters are the dams of 43 trotters. Not one of them has a pacer in the list. Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's), son of Abdallah 1; 1st dam Charles Kent Mare, by imp. Bellfounder; 2nd dam One Eye, by Hamble- tonian (Bishop's); 3rd dam Silvertail, by imp. Messenger. His sons 36 This page in the original text is blank. jv VICE-COMMODORE 2:11. Sire Bingen 2:06 dam Narion by Ation 2:07, second dam Nancy Hanks 2:04. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden sired 1716 performers in 2:30 or better and his daughters produced 119 performers in 2:30 or better. Hambletonian (Andrus'), son of Judson's Hambletonian, dam unknown. Judson's Hambletonian, son of Bishop's Hambletonian; dam a mare by Well's Magnum Bonum, son of imp. Magnum Bonum. Judson's Hambletonian is noted as having left excellent trotting stock in Ver- mont, but there is no note in the records of either he or his sire ever having sired a pacer. 2d dam SOPHY ................... by EDWIN FORREST 49. Grandam of Mike Wilkes ............. 2:154 Ira Wilkes ............... 2:22Y4 Sire of 23 in ........... 2:30 Adrian Wilkes 6560, Sire of 74 in ........... 2:30 Bristow, Sire of I in ............. 2:30 Rivulet, dam of Equity Wilkes .......2..:23 Sire of 8 in .......... 2:30 Streamlet, dam of Alkone ................. 2:21 Sire of 4 in .......... 2:30 Julia Ann Johnson........2:454 World's race record for two- year-old trotters 1871-72. Sire of Billy Hoskins ............. 2:26 Champagne ............... 2:30 Sire of the dams of Geneva ..---..... . 2:11I4 Expert Prince .......... 2:13 So So .......... 2:17 Mambrino Dudley .........2:194 London ................ 2:20X2 Alley Bonner ............. 2:23Y4 Forest Bird ............... 2:24 Nutrition ................ 2:24 Grosjean .................. 2:244 Wilton Jr. ................ 2:25 Fugleman ................ 2:27 Hermes ................ 2:2734 Almont Jr ................ 2:29 Edwin Forrest 49 was a son of Young Bay Kentucky Hunter, by Kentucky Hunter. No mention is made in early record of either Edwin Forrest's sire or grandsire being pacers. There is record of Kentucky Hunter being a trotter under the name of Zouave. He was a son of Brown's Belifounder. Edwin Forrest's dam, Doll, by Watkin's Young Highlander, was of thoroughbred origin, her dam being a daughter of Duroc (son of the first English Derby winner, imp. Diomed), and her grandam was by imp. Messenger, the latter so intensely thoroughbred that he belongs to the No. 1 line of the Bruce Lowe figure system. Sophy, the dam of Nancy Lee, was foaled in 1858, the property of H. Boswell, Fayette County, Kentucky, and remained his property until she died in 1887. She was a bay mare standing 15 hands high, and she founded a family of noted horses. A list of her foals and a few remarks in regard to them will interest those who have any of her descendants. 1867-b m, Nellie B., by Harry B. Patchen. Nellie B. produced Alike Wilkes 2:154 pacing, 2:26/2 trotting; Ira Wilkes 2:224 pacing, 2:28 trotting, and sire of 23 in 2:30 and the dams of 26 in 2:30; Adrian Wilkes 6560, sire of 74 in 2:30 and dams of 59 in 2:30, as well as Our Mary, by Lelaps, a son of imp. Leamington, which is the dam of American Jay 2:21, sire of 1 in 2:30, Lady Kenton, the grandam of Princine 2:10, and Kadijah 2:285, the dam 37 The Trotters at Hamburg Place of Delijah 2:11, and Town Lady 2:11, daughter of Wilton which has produced Lady Worthy 2:11 and Town Directly 2:15. 1868-b m, Chamouni, by Brignoli 77. Was raced as a four and five- year-old, but did not get a record. 1869-b m, Julia Ann Johnson, by Andy Johnson. She placed the two- year-old record of the world at 2:45 when she distanced Estey's chestnut filly in a race at Lexington, Kentucky, October 20, 1871. She was the first champion in the Sophy family. 1870-m, by Clark Chief 89. Had a filly by George Wilkes 519; was injured in foaling, and never bred again. 1871-s, by Clark Chief 89, foaled dead. 1872-blk s, Bristow, by Maambrino Patchen 58. Sire of X Y Z 2:29. 1873-s, by Mambrino Pathen 58. Gelded and sold to parties in England. 1874-b m, Rivulet, by George Wilkes 519. Dam of Equity Wilkes 2:23, sire of 8 in 2:30, including Stella (4) 2:09. 1875-b m, Streamlet, by Almont 33. Dam of Alkone 2:21, sire of 4 in 2:30, including Edna Kone 2:14. 1877-b m, by Dictator 113. Died young. 1878-blk m, Nancy Lee, by Dictator 113. Dam of Nancy Stam 2:30, dam of 3 in 2:30; Lady Boone, dam of The Keepsake 2:18; Dictator Wilkes, sire of 12 in 2:30; Director Moore, sire of 5 in 2:30; Red Will, sire of 1 in 2:30 and the champion Nancy Hanks 2:04, dam of Admiral Dewey 2:044, sire of 14 in 2:30, Lord Roberts 2:07, sire of 3 in 2:30, Nancy McKerron 2:101X, Markala 2:18; Narion dam of Albia 2:1034, Vice-Commodore 2:11 and Darion 2:29; Prin- cess of Monaco, dam of Nancy Bingen 2:23 and Vanitza 2:29. 1879-m, Ruth, by Young Hambletonian. Dam of North Star 2:512. Sophy produced nine fillies, of that number two were trained, and one of the pair placed the world's record for two-year-old trotters 2:45, and made the mark in 1871 in a race in which her only competitor was distanced. Five of the other fillies were speed producers, Nancy Lee, having like her dam, produced a champion in Nancy Hanks 2:04. Nellie B.'s sons and daughters also sired and produced speed and they are also breeding on the fast list. Developed sons of Rivulet and Streamlet are also sires of performers and Ruth has one trotter to her credit. Of Sophy's sons, only one was given an opportunity in the stud, and like the majority of the Mambrino Patchen stallions, he failed to make good. 3rd dam SOPHRONIA ............ by PARKER'S BROWN PILOT. Parker's Brown Pilot was a pacer. He was a son of Old Copper Bottom, by Brutus, son of the original Copper Bottom that was brought to the United States from Canada. It was a line of good early road horses and no record mentions any of them being at all known as pacers, with the exception of Parker's Brown Pilot, and his progeny did not inherit his pacing gait, he being the sire of the famous Burch Mare, the dam of Rosalind 2:21, Donald 2:27, and he also got Blandina, the dam of Swigert 650, King 38 Property of Edward and Joseph Madden Rene 1278, Abdallah Pilot 708, etc. Copper Bottom was credited by the late J. B. Treacy (a Kentucky trotting horse authority) of being the sire of the grandam of Black Cloud 2:1734. This Copper Bottom horse was considered one of the fastest of his day in Kentucky and his descendants have always been noted in this State as the hardest and stoutest of any family that traces to any of the early Canadian pacing lines. 4th dam mare ........... by BERTRAND (thoroughbred). Son of Sir Archy by imp. Diomed. 5th dam mare ........... by LANCE (thoroughbred). Son of American Eclipse, by Duroc. Having in her last two crosses two mares respectively by Bertrand and Lance, it marks Nancy Hanks' early descent strictly thoroughbred, and in these days when records are so minutely kept, if such had been the rule in the time of Nancy Hanks' fourth and fifth dams, it would doubtless be possible to show that her pedigree extends the usual length of even fashionable thoroughbred mares of the present day, reaching to an Oriental origin the tap roots of all the famous lines of the Bruce Lowe figure system. Bertrand, with the exception of Timoleon (Bos- ton's sire), was Sir Archy's best son and the latter was a son of imp. Diomed, the first English Derby winner, while Lance was a full brother to Ariel, and a son of American Eclipse, a winner of 56,700 over 80 years ago and an unbeaten race horse. Ariel won 42 races and earned 32,300 on the turf over 80 years ago. Nancy Hanks has three crosses of imp. Bellfounder in her pedigree, through Happy Medium and Dictator, both sons of Hambletonian 10, and Edwin Forrest 49. She was before the public a little more than four racing seasons, and many years will elapse before it will be neces- sary to use her full name in notation, "she traces to Nancy," and all horsemen and turfmen know by the sound of the words who you mean. She was developed by Ben Kenney, who took her through the Kentucky Circuit in 1889. That year he started her in six races and won all of them, losing but a single heat, and ending the season with a record of 2:243/. In 1890 she again started in six races and won all of them in straight heats, closing the season with a record of 2:144. Her per- formances that year made her the most talked of trotter in the world, and it was freely predicted that with age she would become a world's champion. The next season, in the hands of the veteran Budd Doble, she made a truly sensational campaign. She defeated Belle Hamlin in a dash of a mile at Buffalo; defeated Margaret S. at Chicago, trotting the third heat in 2:12Y4. At Independence, in a stake for five-year-old trotters, she defeated Allerton and Margaret S., trotting the three heats in 2:12, 2:12Y4, 2:12. That was her last race, and the time made in it still stands as the world's record for three consecutive heats in a race to high wheels, as well as the fastest first, second, and third heats in 39 The Trotters at Hamburg Place a race to that hitch. That fall, at Cambridge City, she trotted a mile in 2:09'4 in an effort to beat 2:12, and a week later, at Richmond, Ind., she further reduced her record to 2:09. All the performances referred to above were to high-wheel sulky, and a recapitulation of what Nancy did at that style of hitch cannot fail to be of interest. It is as follows: Total miles trotted to high wheels in standard time ........ 44 in standard time in races . .............. 31 in 2:20 or better in races ...................... 14 in 2:15 or better in races ...................... 5 in 2:12 or better in races ...................... 2 in 2:15 or better ...................... 15 in 2:14 or better ...................... 14 in 2:13 or better ...................... 11 in 2:12 or better ...................... 8 in 2:10 or better ...................... 2 In 1892, during the early part of the season, the high-wheel sulky was still in use, and it happened that Nancy Hanks came to her form about the time the bicycle proved its superiority, and, beginning at Grand Rapids, she was driven to the new style of vehicle. Trotting there in 2:09, she set the world's record at 2:074 the next week over the Chicago track, reduced it again to 2:05 at Independence, and, on September 28th, at Terre Haute, placed the figures at 2:04. During that eventful year Nancy trotted thirteen public miles, the slowest in 2:114 (to high wheels), the fastest 2:04, and the average of the thirteen was 2:07X. In 1893 Nancy trotted six exhibition miles in 2:044 to 2:08, and was then retired to the brood-mare ranks. Recapitulation. Nancy Hanks obtained a three-year-old record of 2:243X. A four-year-old record of 2:14Y2. A fire-year-old record of 2:09 (world's record to that date for a five-year-old). A six-year-old record of 2:04 (world's trotting record for two years). Nancy Hanks was never beaten. Nancy Hanks trotted the three fastest consecutive heats in a race to high wheels in 2:12, 2:12, 2:12. Nancy Hanks trotted the fastest first heat in a race to high wheels 2:12. Nancy Hanks trotted the fastest second heat in a race to high wheels 2:12,/4. Nancy Hanks trotted the fastest third heat in a race to high wheels 2:12. At three she won six races, at four six races, and at five years old three races. She sold as a six-year-old for 40,000. It is known to every horseman that a vast improvement has been made in the bicycle sulky since the day Nancy Hanks made her then world's trotting record, 2:04, still what C. A. McCully has to say on this subject is of much interest as it was he who procured the vehicle Budd Doble drove her to that day. He says: "It was the first vehicle of its kind up to that time used by any driver for an effort against the 40 This page in the original text is blank. 1 1 I 1-1- t I it I I II I jw-, f I I I I I I I I I II I I THE NATIVE 2:171.' Brother to Native Belle 2:07-;.- Wrorld's champion two-year-old trotter. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden then world's trotting record. While it had the pneumatic tire and ball bearing axle, now so universally the fashion, the attachments were very crude and clumsy looking. Moreover it weighed sixty-two pounds, mak- ing this a much heavier task than had been put upon any of the earlier kings and queens among trotters since the reign of Flora Temple half a century ago or in later days. Doubtless had the present carefully con- structed perfectly balanced, and much lighter vehicle been available for her use, she would have surely trotted a mile that day at Terre Haute very close to two minutes. Why some well-bred and fast stallions and mares prove failures in the breeding ranks and why the possession of speed and ability to transmit the same are not always allied in one individual is beyond explanation. We train a mare to establish the fact that she has or has not speed and satisfy our minds on that point; but this or any amount of training can hardly make or mar the gift of speed transmission, nor do we train the mare with view of increasing the speed of the foal. Inability to transmit speed is sometimes excused on the plea of excessive training. Champion mares were regarded as failures in producing speed, the cause generally assigned having been that of over-training, until Nancy Hanks upset that theory. Her success was due to the possession of better blood lines than her predecessors. In spite of all arguments in favor of, or against development, the stallions to be patronized in the future and the mares to be sought after for breeding purposes, will be those having fast records and good racing qualities. No better preserved mare of her age has ever been seen than Nancy Hanks. She shows plainly that she has been raising foals and her back is slightly swayed, but in every way she is as easily kept and as rugged looking as in her younger days. As a brood-mare, among champions of the turf, she stands alone as a producer, as the following full list of her produce conclusively proves: Produce. 1896-Narion, b. m., by Arion 2:0734. Dam of Vice-Commodore 2:11, Albia 2:104, and Darion 2:29Y2. 1897-No foal. 1898-Admiral Dewey 2:04Y4 (dead), b. h., by Bingen 2:06. 1899-Princess of Monaco, b. mn, by imp. Meddler (thoroughbred). Dam of Nancy Bingen 2:23 and Vanitza, three-year-old record 2:29X2. 1900-Lord Roberts 2:07, b. h., by Arion 2:074. 1901-Markala 2:18, br. m, by Peter the Great 2:0754. 1902-Ondawa (injured for track purposes), b. m., by Bingen 2:06. 1903-Palema, b. m., by Bingen 2:06. 1904-Malcolm Forbes, b h., by Bingen 2:06. 1905-No foal. 1906-Nancy McKerron 2:10 (as a three-year-old), b. f., by John A. McKerron 2:042. 1907-King Todd, b. c., by Todd 2:14-Y4. 1908-Nancy's Todd (three-year-old trial 2:261), b. f., by Todd 2:144. 1909-No foal. 1910-No foal. 41 Il -N . _a X g ffi o c . s t3 e 33 & e 4 50 ; -t eS_= a -; 3 1 s jZ. This page in the original text is blank. N M I A p Natncyy flanks -vhlien she trotted in 2:04. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden MARKALA. Record 2:18. Trotted quarter to cart in 35 seconds as a two-year-old. Member of Sophy Family. Half-sister of Admiral Dewey .................................. 2:043/4 Lord Roberts ................................... 2:07 Nancy McKerron (3-year-old record) ............ 2:10 Nancy's Todd (3-year-old trial) .................. 2:26 Narion (dam of Vice-Commodore 2:11, Albia 2:103/4 and Darion (3) 2:29). Princess of Monaco (dam of Nancy Bingen 2:23' and Vanitza 2:29). By a Kentucky Futurity winner-out of a champion mare. Brown mare; foaled 1901. Bred by J. Malcolm Forbes, Boston, Mass., then passed to E. T. Bedford, New York City, and then to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By PETER THE GREAT 28955. Four-year-old race record 2:0714. Winner of the Kentucky Futurity Stake, etc. Three-year-old race record 2:12Y2. Sire of Sadie Mac .................. 2:06 Winner of the Kentucky and Hartford Futurities. Three-year-old record ....2:11312 Nahma ...................... 2:07 Miss Stokes ................ 2:19 (World's yearling record). Two-year-old record ...... 2:09 Peter W . ................... 2:082 Czarevna (3-year-old) ...... 2:07 Winner of the Kentucky, Amer- ican Horse Breeder, Horse Review and Stock Farm Futurity races. Grace (3-year-old record)... .2:08 Winner of the Kentucky Futu- rity and Champion Stallion Stakes. Peter Donna . ......... 2:08 The Wolverine, two-year-old record 2:13Y2, winner of the Lexington Stake in 1908, etc. Son of Pilot Medium 1597, by Happy Medium 400; 1st dam Santos (dam of 6 in 2:30, including J. Malcolm Forbes (3) 2:09), by Grand Sentinel 865, son of Sentinel 280, by Hambletonian 10, etc. 1st dam NANCY HANKS, record 2:04 (seepage 35). 43 The Tlatters at Hamburg Place NANCY McKERRON. Two-year-old record 2:183/4. Three-year-old race record 2:10/. Member of Sophy Family. Half-sister to Admiral Dewey .................................. 2:043/4 Lord Roberts .................................... 2:07f Markala ............................ / 2:18 Nancy's Todd (3-year-old trial) .................. 2:26 Narion (dam of Vice-Commodore 2:11, Albia 2:1034 and Darion 2:29). Princess of Monaco (dam of Nancy Bingen 2:23/4 and Vanitza 2:29). Bay mare; foaled 1906. Bred by J. M. Johnson, Ponkapog, Mass., passed to H. K. Devereux, Cleveland, Ohio, and then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By JOHN A. McKERRON 31281. Record 2:041. Sire of Jack McKerron . .......... 2:07 Nancy McKerron (3-yr-old) 2:10 Lou Billings (3) . .......... 2:084 Ripy (3-year-old) ........... 2:19 Master _McKerron (3) ...... 2:17 Bugle McKerron (3-yr-old) 2:23 and 12 others in 2:30 or better. Son of Nutwood Wilkes 22116, record 2:16I,2 by Guy Wilkes 2867, record 2:15; 1st dam Ingar [dam of Mamie Redmond 2:19X, Wilkes Direct 2:222, Louise Carter 2:24 (dam of Wilbur Lou, world's champion yearling colt trotter 2:19/), Thursday 2:24, Major Mac 2:28, Nearest 35562 (sire of High Fly 2:04 and Alone 2:09, etc.) ], by Director 1989, record 2:17; 2nd dam Anna Titus (great brood mare), by Echo 462 son of Hambletonian 10, etc. 1st dam NANCY HANKS, record 2:04 (see page 35). Nancy McKerron was foaled July 29, 1906. She trotted to a two- year-old record of 2:184 at Lexington, Ky. in October, 1908, during the meeting of the Kentucky Trotting Horse Breeder's Association and made her first start as a three-year-old at the Grand Circuit meeting in Detroit July 28, 1909. The following reference to the race is taken from the columns of the Horse Review: "In point of interest the three-year-old trot and the resulting contest between the field of six youngsters was one of the best ever witnessed at this time of the year. 44 Property of Edward and Joseph Madden As the conditions allowed one stable to start as many horses as it pleased, both of the Madden boys' fillies, Nancy McKerron and Sister Francis, were carded. Of course, Andrews, who trains them, could drive only one so he secured the services of Bert Shank for the other. In order to be courteous he told Bert to take his choice and the Mayor of North Randall, O., who had seen the pair work together and thought he had a fair line on them, said promptly that he would take Sister Francis, as the daughter of Walnut Hall 2:08 and Silicon 2:132 had shown as much, if not more, speed in her preparation than the daughter of John A. McKerron 2:042 and Nancy Hanks 2:04, one mile in 2:16 being the fastest she had shown. It was remarked freely, when the youngsters came out to score, that a finer looking lot of colts had never turned for the word, and the favorite was certainly the finest appearing of the lot. The Wolverine is a superbly handsome colt, with the finish of a blood horse and grand substance beneath it, while his lordly carriage and slashing action gave him the air of a conqueror. Sister Francis was the same delicately beautiful filly as in her two-year-old form, when she trotted a trial for James Brady in 2:15, but was not given a record. Her stable mate, Nancy McKerron, however, took my eye from the first. So high in flesh was she that she seemed to have been prepared for the show-ring rather than the races-in fact, so robust was her appearance, so hand- somely crested her neck, that she looked like a young stallion rather than a filly. Her rich bay coat bloomed and shimmered and she moved with a trappy, resolute, impressive stroke. She has McKerron's exquis- itely beautiful head and blood-like stamp from end to end, and her stroke, while not so airy, is more like his than Nancy Hanks'. I have seen few heats between three-year-olds that were more genuinely exciting than both those in this race. In the first the lead was at once taken by The Wolverine and held by him until the turn for home was reached, where he went to a break under pressure of the pace being set by Nancy McKerron, Soprano, and Harry Devereux, who were at his heels in a bunch. Through the stretch it resolved itself into a battle between the two fillies and the way in which they stood gruelling drives and came straight and true to the wire was something to warm the blood of the onlooker. Momentarily it would seem that Soprano was bound to pass Nancy but always, when Andrews called upon the latter, she would increase her speed sufficiently to keep in front and at the wire was first by neck and shoulders. The last half was in 1:05, the last quarter in :32, and the mile in 2:12. The second heat showed us what a really great pair of fillies Nancy McKerron and Soprano are. At the sendoff Starter Stone made the only serious error that marred an otherwise splendid week's work. He gave the word with Soprano out of her position, three lengths back and scarce moving at a 'thirty gait. When he shouted, "Go!" poor Johnny Dickerson looked back and up at him with a face upon which astonishment, rebuke and despair were so legibly imprinted that it would have been comical had it not been that everyone was in sympathy 45 The Troffers at Hamburg Place with his feelings. To cap the climax, when he suddenly started his filly up, she made a break! However, it was a short one, from which she caught handily and then set out on a stern chase which, under the circumstances, I never saw equalled by a three-year-old. The farther she went the faster she went. At the five-eighths she was already within striking distance and when the stretch was reached she was challenging Nancy for the heat. The race home was a duplicate of that in the former heat, except that the pace was very much faster. On the two fillies came, steered by two of the best men that ride In the sulky. Faster and faster trotted Soprano and closer and closer she drew to Nancy. No two aged campaigners, battle scarred from a hundred frays, ever struggled more superbly. Gradually the chestnut filly crawled up from the flank to the saddle of the bay one-then to the shoulder-then to the throat latch-then-but that was as far as she could get. They were fairly flying now, racing at a free-for-all clip, and in the last fifty feet there was no change in their positions. So they finished, Nancy winner by a head and throat. The time was 2:1032, the last half was in 1:03Y4, and the last quarter in 3134 seconds- a 2:05 gait! Think of that for three-year-olds in July, at the end of a second fiercely fought heat-and the winner not yet three years old, mind you." In this heat Sister Francis, the other starter in the colors of Hamburg Place was timed separately in 2:1134. Detroit, Mich., July 28, 1909. Three-year-old trot; purse 1,000, with Silver cup to winner. Nancy McKerron, b f, by John A. McKerron 2:0432-Nancy Hanks 2:04, by Happy Medium 2:32X2 .......... (Andrews) 1 1 Soprano, ch f, by Bellini 2:1334-Operetta 2:2634, by Elyria 2:2534................ (Dickerson) 2 2 Harry Devereux, gr g, by John A. McKerron 2:0432-Coleta by Hope So 2:2734 .................. (Geers) 3 4 Sister Francis, b f, by Walnut Hall 2:0834-Silicon 2:13V2, by Wilton 2:19 ................ (Shank) 5 3 Winnifreda, br f. by Bellini 2:1334-Winifred M. 2:14X2, by Wilkes Boy 2:244 ................ (Murphy) 6 5 The Wolverine br c, by Peter the Great 2:0734-Cocoon 2:15, by Cyclone 2:231 ............. (E:. Benyon) 4 dis. Time-34 3M Mile :333V4 1;07 1:40 2:123 :33Y2 1:064 1:39 2:10 46 This page in the original text is blank. I I1 R-mmm- : I r jl 11 i i I , i I I i f I I KENTUC)KY II-)i) 2:08 A Stake Wiinner and a Phinomenal sire of Pairly speed. Owned by Miss Kathertine L. WPilkes. Galt, Onut.. Canada. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden NANCY'S TODD. Trial as a three-year-old 2:265/2, half in 1:08. Member of Sophy Family. Half-sister to Admiral Dewey .. .. 2:04 Nancy McKerron (3) ....... 2:10 Lord Roberts............. 2:07/4 Markala ... 2:18 Narion (dam of Vice-Commodore 2:11, Albia 2:103/4 and Darion 2:29X). Princess of Monaco (dam of Nancy Bingen 2:23'4 and Vanitza 2:29). Bay mare; foaled 1908. Bred by J. M. Johnson, Ponkapog, Mass., and foaled the property of Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XIX. By TODD 33822. Record 2:14J4. Sire of Bob Douglass ..... 2:044 Emily Ellen (3) ............. 2:095/4 Todd Mac .................. 2:0734 George Todd (3) . 2:094 Kentucky Todd (3).......... 2:08Y4Henry Setzer. 2:104 Sir Todd......... 2:104 Al Stanley (3).............. 2:11 and 48 others in 2:30. Son of Bingen 29567, record 2:06, sire of 97 in 2:30, including Uhlan 1:584, world's champion trotter in the open, Admiral Dewey 2:04Y4, King Cole 2:05, John Ward 2:054, Owaissa 2:06, The Leading Lady (three-year-old) 2:07; 1st dam Fanella 2:13 [dam of Sadie Mac 2:06, Anella 2:20, dam of Sadie Roe (two-year-old, 2:292) ], by Arion 2:07, sire of Lord Roberts 2:07, Nico 2:08, Gov. Francis 2:08, Crystallion 2:084, Frazee 2:092, Masconomo 2:10, and 57 others in 2:30; 2nd dam Directress 2:19 (dam of Fanella 2:13), by Director 2:17, sire of Nathan Straus 2:032, Directum 2:05, Direct 2:052, Direction 2:082 and 65 others in 2:30; 3rd dam Aloha (dam of Directress 2:19, King Buzz 2:23, Miss Monroe 2:272) by A. W. Richmond 1687, sire of Arrow 2:13 and 11 others in 2:30; 4th dam Guadaloupe, by Crichton (thoroughbred). 1st dam NANCY HANKS, record 2:04 (see page 35). 47 The Trotters of Hamburg Place SILICON. Record 2:132 as a four-year-old in winning race, and 2:1534 as a two-year-old, a world's race record when made. Member of Silverlock Family. She won races of a valuation of 48,500 during her career on the turf. Dam of the European champion Siliko, three-year-old record 2:115/4, four-year-old public trial 2:06, timed in a race at that age in 2:053/4, five-year-old European record 2:08 3/10. Winner of the two- year-old Lexington Stake, the three-year-old Kentucky Futurity, the Sommer Prize at Vienna in 1908, etc. Dam of Brighton (Mokides) 2:274, four-year-old trial 2:1134, last quarter in 29 seconds driven by W. J. Andrews. As a five-year- old E. T. Bedford drove Brighton a mile in 2:17/4, last quarter in 30 4 seconds over a half-mile track. An accident placed this horse on the retired list. Dam of Sister Francis, two-year-old trial 2:15, three-year-old record 2:11. Sister to Silurian 2:23 [dam of Don Pronto (3) 2:2434 and Miss Quealy (2) 2:263/4]. Brown mare; foaled 1890. Bred by P. S. & W. B. Talbert, Lexington, Ky., passed to Bowerman Bros., Lexington, Ky.; then to 0. L. NMackey, New York City; then to Clem Beachey, Jr., agt.; then to Senator J. WV. Bailey, Gainesville, Texas, and then to Edward and Joseph Mfadden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vols. XII and XVIII. By WILTON 5982. Record 2:19/. Sire of Eudora . ........... 2:05 XVill Leyburn ............. 2:06 Willie Benton . . 2:05 4 Vera Capel .. ............ 2:07 Bessie Wilton. . 2:09 Dorothy Wilton ............ 2:09 Moquette . .2:10 Brownie Wilton ............ 2:10 Rubber . .2:10 Earl Wilton............. 2:114 and 129 others in 2:30 or better. Wilton's daughters have produced The Plunger 2:072, Siliko (Futu- rity winner) 2:08 3/10, Gayton 2:08, Peter W. 2:082, Dorothy Red- mond 2:09, Lady Thisbe 2:11 and 70 others in 2:30 or better, and his sons have sired 141 in 2:30 or better, including Laura Bellini 2:044, Roamer 2:05, Clinton B. 2:08, Princess Moquette 2:08, Bessie Drake 2:08 and Fred Wilton 2:09. Wiltwood 2:29X2, a son of Wilton, is the sire of the dam of Susie N., three-year-old record 2:09. 48 SILIKO in 1906. Warming up for the Kentucky Futurity which he won. ffi W i k k a V ,,, i This page in the original text is blank. Property of Edward and JosMph Madden Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Alley (dam of Albert France 2:20, Alley Russell 2:22 and Harkaway 2875, sire of 6 in 2:30), by Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's); 2nd dam Lady Griswold (dam of Kent 5560, sire of 11 in 2:30), by Flying Morgan, son of Hackett Horse. 1st dam SILHOUETTE ............ by HAMBRINO 820. Dam of Edward Audubon ......... 2:10/2 Silicon (4-yr-old record).. 2:13 Silhouette A. (trial) ....... 2:15 Silurian (3-yr-old record) 2:254 Dam of Don Pronto (3) ........ 2:24Y4 Miss Quealy (2) ........ 2:26 Snicker.. 2:26V2 Chauncey Audubon . 2:15 (3-year-old trial). Silesia, dam of Mysotis ................ 2:12 Grandam of Siliko (European rec.) 2:08 3/10 Sister Francis (3) ........ 2:11 Brighton (Mokides) ...... 2:271 Record 2:21. Sire of Elbrino .................... 2:07 Delmarch ................. 2:11 2 Hamward ................. 2:122 and 47 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of Hawthorne ...... i ......... 2:064 Argetta ................... 2:08 Byron Kay ................ 2:08 Francona .................. 2:09 Orin B . ................... 2:09 Emma M. ................. 2:094 Ethelwyn C . .............. 2:10 Safeguard ................. 2:11 Ed. Winter ............... 2:124 Jack Hardlo .............. 2:13 Hambrino 820, record 2:21, son of Edward Everett 81, record 2:48, son of Hambletonian 10; 1st dam Mambrina, by Mambrino Chief 11; 2nd dam Susie, by imp. Margrave, thoroughbred, etc. Christine 2:252, the grandam of Jay McGregor 2:07 (sire of Shakespeare, three-year-old record 2:094, etc., and Flossie McGregor, the dam of Colorado E., the three-year-old champion trotter 2:044), is a daughter of Hambrino. 2d dam SILVERLOCK ............. by MAMBRINO TIME 1686. Dam of Sire of Silverone . . ... 2:194 Four Corners ............ 2:20 Dam of Mambrino Dick . 2:24 Abdul Ameer .......... 2:19/21 Emmet .... 2:292 Silcyone . ............. 2:29/2 and dams of Sire of 4 better than.... 2:30 Clayone ....... 2:12/4 Silvertone ................ 2:30 'M ike ........ 2:15 Silver Chimes 6818, sire of C. C. 2:16 Promise.... 2:10 Egbertime ....... 2:164 Silvern 21819, sire of Temple Bar.2:17 Silver Socks ........ ..2:19 Shadeland Onward ... 2:18/2 Dr. Etheridge .......... 2:23 and 34 others in 2:30 or better. Mambrino Time 1686, son of Mambrino Patchen 58; 1st dam Puss Prall, by Mark Time, son of Berthune, thoroughbred; 2nd dam mare, by Daniel Webster, son of Lance, son of American Eclipse, etc. Mambrino Time 1686 was a full brother to Lady Stout 2:29 (champion three-year-old trotter 1874-1876), Lottie Prall 2:28, Black Cloud 783 (sire of Jingo Jim 2:262 and Charmer 2:27), etc. Puss Prall also produced Black Diamond 2:29/4, and to her traces Rachel 2:08, Crystallion 2:08Y4, Cut Glass 2:10 (two-year-old 49 50 The Trotters at Hamburg Place record 2:20), Great Spirit 2:114, Timorah 2:12, Great Heart 2:122 (sire of Auto 2:04, Wilkes Heart 2:06, Octoo 2:175, etc.), King Crystal 2:14, Cartridge 2:142, Bowery Boy 2:15, Spanish Boy 2:1634, Chatterton 2:18, Bowery Belle 2:18, Deluge 2:19'4, Crystalline (two-year-old) 2:19, Gen. Taylor 2:192, Horace W. Wilson 2:19Y2, Onward George 2:22, The Spinner 2:23, Billy Dey 2:24, Aspirator 2:242, Spun Glass 2:242, etc. 3rd dam LADY MARGRAVE ...... by OLE BULL, JR. Grandam of Sire of Three in..... 2:30 Steve MaxweLl ............ 2:21Yz Ole Bull, Jr., son of Ole Bull, son of old Pacing Pilot; 1st dam mare, by Lewis Sterling, etc. Silicon as a two-year-old was a world's champion trotting filly, scoring a record at that age of 2:1534 in the second heat of a winning race in which she defeated the flower of her age of all sex. Silicon started only once as a three-year-old, finishing third in the final two heats in a stake at Buffalo in a field composed of Fantasy 2:06, Margrave 2:152 and William Penn 2:07. As a four-year-old she again returned to the turf, and in a sensational race got her present mark in a second heat, 2:132. As a six-year-old she was campaigned in a few races and was just nosed out in a heat in 2:12. She was used on the road and the speedways for the next few years and until finally bred and retired to the stud, Siliko being her first foal. The races she won on the turf carried with them a money valuation of 48,500. A list of her winning races will be found below. IN 1892. As a two-year-old. Cincinnati, O., August 12th. Stake purse 400. Silicon, b. m. ........... ...................... 1 Notre Dame 2:2334, b. m., by Robert McGregor...... .. 2 Frenchie 2:2234, br. m., by Valdamere ...... ............ 3 Stamping Ground, b. h., by Col. Hambrick ..... ....... 4 Time-2:294. Independence, Ia., August 25th. Stake, value 8,140. Silicon, b. m . ................................... 1 1 Margrave 2:152, rn. h., by Baron Wilkes ...... ...... 2 2 Elloree 2:08z, ch. m., by Axtell ......... ............. 3 4 Miner 2:20, b. h., by Nutwood ...... ................ 5 3 Mary Magdalene 2:27, ch. m., by Superior .......... 4 5 Time-2:29, 2:282. Independence, Ia., September 3rd. Stake, value 5,000. Silicon, b. m .........................................1I 1 Oro Wilkes 2:11, blk. h., by Sable Wilkes .2 2 Wilkes Maid 2:192, blk. m., by Yottng Wilkes ......3 3 Luzelle 2:152, b. m., by Patron ...................... 4 4 Elloree 2:082, ch. rn., by Axtell .S............... 5 5 N\ettie B. 2:27, dn. m., by Ben Harrison ..... ..... 6 dis. Time-2:22, 2:20. This page in the original text is blank. I.------- IM i . 4H ' I3 iX =\ Siliko winning the Kentucky Futurity of 1906 in (oflors of Harnburg, Place. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden 51 Cynthiana, Ky., September 21st. Stake, purse 500. Silicon, b. m ............. i;.......................... 1 1 Notre Dame 2:234, b. n., by Robert McGregor .. .. 2 2 Henry Lee, b. h., by George Lee ...... ............. 3 3 Time-2:554, 2:365/4. Lexington, Ky., October 13th. Lexington Stake, value 3,030. Silicon, b. m . ...................................... 1 1 Elsie Wilkes 2:244, gr. in., by Thorn Wilkes ...... 2 3 Margrave 2:1552, rn. h., by Baron Wilkes ............ 5 2 Oro Wilkes 2:11, blk. h., by Sable Wilkes ..... ....... 3 4 Georgia Lee 2:12, blk. in., by Gambetta Wilkes .... 4 5 Time-2:22, 2:21. Nashville, Tenn., October 17th. Stake, value 7,500. Silicon, b. m ......... I1 Wilkes Maid 2:1952, blk. mi., by Young Wilkes ...... 2 4 Tony V. 2:27, b. h., by Vatican ....... ............. 6 2 Luzelle 2:15, b. mn., by Patron ....... ............. 3 5 Princess Royal 2:20, br. in., by Chimes ..... ........ 7 3 The Conqueror 2:12, ch. h., by Egotist ..... ....... 4 8 Margrave 2:152, rn. h., by Baron Wilkes ......... 5 9 Tuscarora 2:22, b. h., by Antonio ................ 10 5 Wistful 2:11, br. mn., by Wedgewood ...... ....... 8 7 Cantilevre Wilkes, b in., by Wayne Wilkes ........ 9 dis. Krantz 2:212, Mary Magdalene 2:27, Novelett 2:29X2, William M. and Lone Star State were distanced. Time-2:182, 2:154. IN 1894. As a four-year-old. Terre Haute, Ind., August 15th. Terre Haute Purse, value 24,000. Silicon, b. m .....................1""I',,',',,, I 1 1 Mary Best 2:12, ch. m., by Guy Wilkes ........ 2 2 2 Wistful 2:11, br. in., by Wedgewood ..... ....... 3 3 3 Dancourt 2:162, blk. h., by Ambassador .......... 6 4 4 Margrave 2:152, rn. m., by Baron Wilkes ...... 7 6 5 Greenlander Girl 2:14, blk. in., by Greenlander.. 5 5 dis. Anthelia 2:18, b. m., by Anteeo ...... ........... 4 dis. Lee 2:18 and Cythera 2:20314 were distanced. Time-2:14, 2:13, 2:15. Produce. 1903-Siliko (three-year-old record 2:11, four-year-old public trial 2:06, timed in a race at that age in 2:05, five-year-old European record 2:08 3/10. Winner of the Lexington Stake and second in the final heat of the Kentucky Futurity at two years old; winner of the Kentucky Futurity Stake at three years old, and at five years old the Sommer Prize at Vienna, Austria, and the champion trotter of Europe 1908-10), b. h., by Moko 24457. 1904-Brighton (Mokides), record 2:27 (three-year-old trial 2:11), b. h., by Moko 24457. (Gelded September, 1909). 1905-No foal. 1906-Sister Francis (two-year-old trial in 1908, 2:152, three-year-old record 2:11/2), blk. f., by Walnut Hall 31641, record 2:08. 1907-No foal. 1908-Winans, b. c., by Vice-Commodore 34710, record 2:11. 1910-Vicon, b. f., by Vice-Commodore 34710, record 2:11. 52 The Trotters at Hamburg Place 04 6-4 2 CC 44 04 R CO CR ae Sai ,5iC X C4 S. . -o fr.0 - IO !B a O! 6i en i W P.0D 1 =es Ct 0 -4 x ,Uv . ! D.0 1f Ifr IO This page in the original text is blank. ................. . SILIKO. Winner of the Lexington Stakes for two-year-olds in 1905. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden SISTER FRANCIS. Two-year-old trial 2:15X/a. Three-year-old record 2:11. Member of Silverlock Family. Half-sister to the champion trotter of Europe 1908-10, Siliko, three-year- old record 2:11 'A, four-year-old public trial 2:06 (timed in race at that age in 2:053/4), five-year-old European record 2:08 3/10. Winner of the two-year-old Lexington Stake, the three- year-old Kentucky Futurity, the Sommer Prize at Vienna, Austria, in 1908, etc. Half-sister to Brighton (Mokides) 2:27/4, three-year-old trial 2:113/4, etc. Black mare; foaled 1906. Bred by Clem Beachey, Jr., agent, foaled in Kentucky the property of Senator J. W. Bailey, Gainesville, Texas, passed to James Brady, Macon, Ga., and then to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XIX. By WALNUT HALL 31641. Record 2:08. Winner of the two-year-old division of the Kentucky Futurity Stake. Record at that age 2:20. Three-year-old record 2:16. He was barely beaten at that age in 2:111/2, being the chief contender for the three-year-old division of the Kentucky Futurity Stake. Four year old record 2:09. Sir The Harvester ............. 2:01 (Champion stallion). Winner of the 3-year-old Ken- tucky, Horse Review and Stock Farm Futurities in 1908. Winner of the Charter Oak Stake and Grand Circuit Champion 1909-10. Sister Francis (3) .......... 2:11 2 Martha Tipton (4) .......... 2:094 O'Neill (3) . ............ 2:13/2 Five-year-old record 2:08 re of Norma . ............... 2:162 Winner of Horse Breeder Futurity, etc. Sulphuric . .............. 2:18/4 Enara (3) .................. 2:19 Belle Hall (3) ............. 2:19Y4 Arliss . ................ 2:204 Kentucky Hall (3) ........ 2:23 Alton Hall (2) .............. 2:2614 Bingen Hall (2) ............ 2:27 Walnut Boy (3) ............ 2:28Y4 Son of Conductor 12256, record 2:14, son of Electioneer 125, 1st dam Maggie Yeazer (dam of Noretta, dam of Hedgewood Boy 2:01 53 The Trotters at Hamburg Place and Lady Maud C. 2:0012), by Red Wilkes 1749; 2nd dam Docia Payne (dam of Ruby 2:22Y2, etc.), by Almont 33; 3rd dam Maggie Gaines (dam of Hamlin's Almont, Jr., 2:26, sire of Belle Hamlin 2:1244, etc.), by Blood's Black Hawk; 4th dam mare, by Saxe-Weimar, thoroughbred, son of Sir Archy and Lottery, by imp. Bedford. 1st dam SILICON, record 2:132, (see page 48). In her two-year-old form Sister Francis trotted a public trial at Lexington in 2:15V2. She started in her first race as a three-year-old at the Detroit Grand Circuit meeting in 1909. The event was won by her stable companion Nancy McKerron in 2:12, 2:10. In the second heat Sister Francis was timed separately in 2:1144. Her next appear- ance was at Cleveland on the day of the Hamburg Belle-Uhlan race when she started in a special with Dewitt and was given a record of 2:11 The following is a summary of this event: Cleveland, O., August 25th, 1909. Sweepstakes, trotting, purse Sister Francis, blk. f., (3) by Walnut Hall-Silicon 2:132, by Wilton..................... (Andrews) 1 1 Dewitt, b. g., by Cecilian ..................... (Kane) 2 2 Time-Y/4 A2 Y4 Mile :322 1:052 1:39 2:11 2 :33 1:06 1:392 2:11 4 54 This page in the original text is blank. m ;- - ----- - go,:D:M ory g ;: IL SILIKO - ICON At ten months old. 2:10 FILLY His first foal. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden MAMIE. (Published for Reference). Dam of Catherine Leyburn ......... 2:14 Rose Leyburn ............. 2:15'/4 Alice Leyburn ............. 2:29 Helen Leyburn ...........2 :14 Scourine........... 2:18X2 Criterion ...... ..... 2:29 Grandam of Will Leyburn ............. 2:06 Mary P. Leyburn ........... 2:114 Wilburn M. (European rec.) 2:132 Lizzie Leyburn ............ 2:15/4 Crito Leyburn .............. 2:16 Skillful .............. . 2:17 Anderson Bell .............. 2:20 C. W. Leyburn ............. 2:21/2 Ruth Leyburn .............. 2:21/2 Duplex Leyburn ............ 2:24 Peter Leyburn ............. 2:26 Scourine M. .............. 2:262 Toddy Leyburn ............ 2:29 Annie Leyburn ............. 2:10 Fred Leyburn .............. 2:132 Ario Leyburn .............. 2:14 Wilto Leyburn ............. 2:15 Bertha Leyburn ............ 2:17 Roma Leyburn ............. 2:182 Miss Hamburg ............. 2:20/2 Prince Wilburn ............ 2:21/, Alto Leyburn .............. 2:24 Margaret Leyburn .......... 2:25/4 Emma Leyburn ............. 2:262 Belle Leyburn .............. 2:33 Countess Leyburn ......... 2:36 Great grandam of Jack Leyburn.............. 2:04 Willy... 2:07 Don Dupont ............... 2:10Y2 Centurion (European rec.) ..2:13i Obnowa (European record) 2:12 Gertie Leyburn. 2:23, King Arion........ 2:17. William N. . 2:28 Elsie Leyburn .. ........ 2:274 Great great grandam of Jack Leyburn ................ 2:04 Brown mare; foaled 1880. Bred by P. P. Parish, Midway, Ky., and died his property. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. IX. By STAR ALMONT 6673. Son of Almont 33, sire of Westmont 2:13, Fanny Witherspoon 2:162, Piedmont 2:17 and 34 others in 2:30; 1st dam Maggie Gaines (dam of Hamlin's Almont, Jr. 2:26 and great grandam of Walnut Hall 2:08, sire of The Harvester 2:01), by Blood's Black Hawk, son of Vermont Black Hawk 5; 2nd dam by Bonner's Saxe Weimar, sire of the grandam of Dolly, dam of Director 2:17, Thorndale 2:22 and Onward 2:25. Bonner's Saxe Weimar was a thoroughbred horse by Sir Archy, 55 The Trotters at Hamburg Place 1st dam Lottery, by imp. Bedford; 2nd dam imp. Anvilina, by Anvil; 3rd dam Augusta, by Eclipse, and then six more dams to Darley Arabian. 1st dam KIT ........................ by LONG'S AMERICAN BOY. First mare in the neighborhood Son of American Boy, dam of Midway, Woodford County, Matchless by Cincinnatus, son Ky., that could trot a mile in of Shakespeare, grandam of 2:30. Dubois, New Jersey mare, dam of Dubois' Brown Highlander. American Boy, the sire of Long's American Boy, was a thoroughbred horse, a son of Seagull, out of a sister to Boxer, by imp. Expedition, grandam of imp. Royalist. 2d dam GARDNER MARE ....... by RODGER'S HIGHLANDER. A famous pacer. A pacer from Canada. Produce. 1884-baik. mn. Criterion 2;29 , by Crittenden 433. Dam of ten with records. 1886-ch. m. Catherine Leyburn 2:14, by Onward 1411. Dam of Annie Leyburn 2:10Y2, her only foal. 1887-b. m. Rose Leyburn 2:15, by Onward 1411. Dam of nine with records. 1890-b. m. Helen Leyburn 2:14, by Onward 1411. Dam of Fred Ley- burn, with a European record of 2:13. 1891-br. m., Alice Leyburn 2:29, by Baron Wilkes 4758. Dam of Queen Leyburn, the dam of King Arion 2:17. 1892-br. m. Scourine 2:18X, by Wilton 5982. Dam of four with records. 100 performers. 100 speed producers. 56 g g3v a m a a J 7 m V 8 P , e= a m O d )E O , R H --; El :3. a The Trotters at Hamburg Place ROSE LEYBURN. Record 2:15'/4. Member of Mamie Family. Dam of Wilburn M. (European rec.) 2:132 Sire of Willy............... 2:07/4 Obnowa (European rec.). .2:123/2 Centurion (European rec.) 2:138 C. W. Leyburn ............ 2:21I Prince Wilburn . .......... 2:21 Ario Leyburn .............. 2:14/4 Mary P. Leyburn ........... 2:11 Ruth Leyburn ............. 2:21 Duplex Leyburn (2) ........ 2:24 Margaret Leyburn .......... 2:254 Toddy Leyburn (3) ........ 2:29 Countess Leyburn (2) ....... 2:364 Grandam of Lady Leyburn (Gertie Leyburn) 2:23, etc. Catherine Leyburn ......... 2:14 Dam of Annie Leyburn ........... 2:10/2 ter of Helen Leyburn ............. 2:14 - Dam of Fred Leyburn (Euro. rec.) 2:13/2 Bay mare; foaled 1887. Bred by P. P. Parrish, Midway, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vols. VIII and XVIII. By ONWARD 1411. Record 2:25 /4. Sire of Margaret 0 . ............... 2:05/4 Onward Silver ............. 2:05 Pearl Onward .............. 2:0632 Beuzetta (4-year-old record) 2:064 Gazette ............ 2:07 Colbert............ 2:07/2 Miss Ophelia............ 2:09 Pilatus.......... 2:09 Col. Thornton .............. 2:092 .Major Mason .......... 2:0934 Cornelia Belle............ 2:10 Cut Glass .......... 2:105/4 and 188 others in 2:30 or better. Onward's daughters have produced 247 in 2:30 or better, includ- ing Czarevna 2:074, winner of the two-year-old Kentucky Futurity, Stock Farm and American Horse Breeder's Futurity races in 1908 and Horse Review Futurity in 1909; Grace (3) 2:08, winner of the Kentucky Futurity and Champion Stallion Stakes; China Maid 2:05, Choral 2:06, The Philistine (4) 2:064, Crystallion 2:084, Joe Interest 2:09Y2, Symboleer 2:092 and Idora 2:094. 58 WILLY 2:07 W . Member of Mamie Family. Winner in Grand Circuit and at National Horse Show in 1910. 6 Q - This page in the original text is blank. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden Onward's sons have sired 915 performers in 2:30 or better, includ- ing Frank Agan 2:034, Online 2:04, Nervolo 2:04/2, Leland Onward 2:042, Oro 2:05, Margin 2:054, Spanish Queen 2:07, Ontonian 2:072, Shade On 2:08, Dora Delpha 2:09, Mabel Onward 2:09, Onward Star 2:09, and Fred K. 2:094. Great grandsire of Allanwood 2:04, Elderone 2:05, Dr. Strong 2:054, Baby Ruth 2:06, Major Strong 2:074, Golddust Maid 2:07, etc. Great great grandsire of Leone 2:07, Grand Elder 2:08, etc. Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Dolly [dam of Director 2:17, Thorndale 2:22 (sire of Edwin Thorne 2:16), etc.], by Mambrino Chief 11; 2d dam Fanny (5th dam of Sidney Pointer 2:072, sire of Angus Pointer 2:01, etc.), by Ben Franklin, by Hazrack, son of Golden Farmer, thoroughbred; 3rd dam Nance, by Saxe-Weimar, son of Sir Archy and Lottery, by imp. Bedford, etc. 1st dam MAMIE (see page 55). Rose Leyburn made her record, 2:15, as a six-year-old in 1893, reducing her four-year-old record of 2:21, made in 1891. 59 The Trotters at Hamburg Place COUNTESS LEYBURN. Two-year-old record 2:36. Member of Mamie Family. Half-sister to Mary P. Leyburn ............................ 2:11 Wilburn M. (European record) ..... ....... 2:13/ Sire of Willy ............................ 2:07/4 Obnowa (European record) ...... 2:12 Centurion (European record) .... 2:13yi Ario Leyburn ................................ 2:14/4 Ruth Leyburn ............................... 2:20 And four others better than 2:26. Bay mare; foaled 1905. Bred by P. P. Parrish, Midway, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg- Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By ARION 18000. Two-year-old record 2:10, to high wheels. Three-year-old record, in 1892, 2:10Y2, a three-year-old colt up to World's record to 1909. world's record for a 1897. Four-year-old record 2:07Y4. Sold as a three-year-old for 125,000. Sire of Lord Roberts . ......... 2:07 Nico ....................... 2:08 Crystallion . ......... 2:084 Gov. Francis (H. R. Fut.)..2:084 Frazee.. .......... 2:092 M1asconomo ................ 2:1034 and 57 others in 2:30 or better. Arion's daughters are the dams of Sadie Mac 2:064 (winner of the Kentucky Futurity, etc.), Capt. Bacon 2:10, Todd 2:144 (a won- derful sire), Anella 2:20, Nico the Second 2:21 (sire of Mlajor Wel- lington 2:08), Bingara (sire of Binvolo 2:09), etc. Son of Electioneer 125; 1st dam Nanette (dam of 3 in 2:30), by Nut- wood 600; 2nd dam Emblem (grandam of Flying Jib 2:04), by Tattler 300; 3rd dam Young Portia (dam of Voltaire 2:2034), by Mambrino Chief 11; 4th dam Portia, by McCracken's Roebuck; 5th dam mare, by Blackburn's Whip, thoroughbred. 1st dam ROSE LEYBURN, record 2:15/4 (see page 58). 60 Property of Edward and Joseph Madden LADY LEYBURN. Record 2:23'/2. Trotting as a three-year-old under the name of Gertie Leyburn. (See Wallace's Year Book, Vol. 22). Member of Mamsie Family. Out of a sister to Wilburn M. (European record) 2:13. Sire of Willy . . 2:07 Centurion (Euro. rec.)......2:13yg Obnowa (European record) .......... 2:12 Bay mare; foaled 1903. Bred by P. P. Parrish, Midway, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVII. By ARION 18000. Two-year-old record 2:104, to high-wheels. World's record to 1909. Three-year-old record 2:10 1/22. Champion 1892-1897. Four-year-old record 2:07Y4. Winner of 11,000 Spitit of the Times Stakes for four-year-olds. Sire of Lord Roberts .. ........... 2:07 Gov. Francis (Fut. winner) 2:08 Frazee ..... ...... 2:09X2 Nico .......... ............. 2:08 Masconomo ........... 2:10 Crystallion ........ ......... 2:08 Fanella . . ......... 2:13 Bow Catcher .............. 2:13 and 55 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of Sadie Mac (Fut. winner) ... 2:064 Vice-Commodore ........... 2:11 Todd (a great sire) . 2:144 Bingara 34707, sire of Albia ...................... 2:1034 Binvolo ........ 2:09 Captain Bacon.. ... 2:10/4Nico Second, sire of Ben Como ... 2:1 1 4 Major Wellington ..... 2:08 Brother to Athel 17537 (sire of 9 in 2:30 or better). Son of Elec- tioneer 125; 1st dam Manette (dam of 3 in 2:30 and grandam of Potential 23)588, sire of 21 in 2:30 or better), by Nutwood 600, record 2:18X; 2nd dam Emblem, by Tattler 300; 3rd dam Young Portia, by Mambrino Chief 11, etc. 61 The Trotters at Hamburg Place 1st dam MARGARET LEYBURN.. by WILTON 5982. Record 2:25 . Record 2:19. Sister to Sire of Wilburn M .............. 2:13Y2 Eudora ............. 2:05 (European record). Willie Benton.2:05 Prince Wilburn.... .... 2:215/2 Will Leyburn ... 2:06 And half-sister to four others in Vera Capel ... Z:072 2:30 or better, including And 5 others in . 2:10 Mary P. Leyburn ........ 2:11 54 And 130 others in 2:30 or better. Wilton's daughters have produced Siliko (Futurity winner) 2:08 3110, The Plunger 2:072, Gayton 2:08X, Peter W. 2:08Y2, Dorothy Red- mond 2:09, Lady Thisbe 2:11 and 70 others in 2:30 or better, and his sons have sired 141 in 2:30 or better, including Laura Bellini 2:04Y4, Roamer 2:054, Clinton B. 2:08X, Princess Moquette 2:08, Bessie Drake 2:08Y4 and Fred Wilton 2:094. Wiltwood 2:29X, a son of Wilton, is the sire of the dam of Susie N., three-year-old record 2:095. Son of George 'Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Alley (dam of Albert France 2:20X, Alley Russell 2:2254 and Harkaway 2875, sire of 6 in 2:30), by Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's); 2nd dam Lady Griswold (dam of Kent 5560, sire of 11 in 2:30), by Flying Morgan, son of Hackett Horse. 2nd darn ROSE LEYBURN, record 2:15, (see page 58). 62 This page in the original text is blank. N'ancy Hanks 2:04 and Narion, dam of Vice-Commodore 2:11 and Albia 2:1W0. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden MARGARET PARRISH. Member of Mamie Family. Trotted a quarter in 35 seconds as a yearling, driven by George Hayes. Has three generations of developed speed in sire and dam. Bay filly; foaled March 17, 1908. Bred and foaled at Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XIX. By VICE-COMMODORE 34710. Record 2:11. Sire of The Commoner (2)........2:25 Commodore Welch (3) .....2:26 Hydrangea (2) ............ 2:2854 Tyre Brae (2) ............. 2:29Y4 Commander (3) European record ...... 2:30Y4 Son of Bingen 2:06, sire of Uhlan 1:58Y4, world's champion trotter in the open; dam Narion (dam of Albia 2:1054 and Darion 2:2954), by Arion 2:0754; 2nd dam Nancy Hanks 2:04, a champion trotter and dam of Admiral Dewey 2:0454, Lord Roberts 2:07, Nancy McKerron 2:10Y2, Markala 2:185 and Nancy's Todd, trial 2:2652, by Happy Medium, race record 2:3254, made in 1869; 3rd dam Nancy Lee (a great brood mare), by Dictator 113, brother to Dexter 2:17, a champion trotter. 1st dam LADY LEYBURN, record 2:23 2 (see page 61). 63 The Trottlrs at Hamburg Place BELLE LEYBURN. Record 2:333,4. Member of Marnie Family. Half-sister to Will Leyburn ............................... 2:06 Wilto Leyburn. .............................. 2:14 Lizzie Leyburn .............................. 2:1534 And six others in 2:30, including the sire and grandam of Jack Leyburn 2:04. Brown mare; foaled 189. Bred by P. P. Parrish, Midway, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By BOW BELLS 13073. Record 2:19. Sire of Beauseant ................. 2:06y, Billy Andrews ............. 2:06Y2 Matin Bells ................ 2:06/ Bellwood A . ............. 2:072 Prince Selma . ............. 2:1044 Janie T. (2-year-old record) 2:14 J. N. Blakemore ........... 2:114 World's record for two-yr-old fillies 1897-1907. and 55 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of Bervaldo..... 2:08 Emily Ellen . 2:09 Belle McEwen ........... 2: 104 (Winner Horseman Futurity). Grattan Bells.......... 2:104 Directness. 2:11 Sonata... 2:15 Grancino..................,2:13 and 38 others in 2:30. Grandsire of Pan Michael 2:03, Boralma 2:07, the only performer to win the three-year-old division of the Kentucky Futurity and the Transylvania. Son of Electioneer 125; 1st dam Beautiful Bells 2:292 [dam of 11 performers in 2:30 or better, including Belleflower 2:124, Bell Boy 2:19', Chimes 5348, Adbell 2:23 (a world's champion), and St. Bel 2:2436], by The Moor 870; 2nd dam Minnehaha (dam of 8 in 2:30 or 64 Properly of Edward and Joaph Madden better), by Steven's Bald Chief; 3rd dam Nettie Clay, by C. M. Clay, Jr., 22; 4th dam mare, by Abdallah 1; 5th dam mare, by Engineer 2nd 3. 1st dam CRITERION. by CRITTENDEN 433. Record 2:294. Dam of Will Leyburn. 2:06 Wilto Leyburn . .2:14 Lizzie Leyburn ./2:154 Crito Leyburn (3-yr-old).2:16V4 Bertha Leyburn (3-yr-old) 2:17 Skillful ................... 2:17Y2 Anderson Bell (3-yr-old) ..2:205/ Alto Leyburn ............ 2:24V2 Sire of Jack Leyburn .... 2:04 Emma Leyburn (3-yr-old) 2:262 Belle Leyburn ........... 2:334 Sire of Jean Val Jean ............ 2:14 Courier.. 2:15 and 11 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of Bessie Bonehill.. 2:054 Gov. Francis.. 2:084 (Futurity winner). Belle Colley.. 2:09 Talpa.( 2:09H Cut Glass (Fut. winner) . . .2:10 Col. Coit.. 2:10/2 and 34 others in 2:30 or better. Crittenden 433, son of Cassius M. Clay, Jr., 22, by Cassius M. Clay 18 (sire of George M. Patchen 2:232, champion stallion 1859-1868), son of Henry Clay 8, by Andrew Jackson 4; 1st dam Flora, by Pilot, Jr., 12; 2nd dam MIary (dam of Dick Moore 2:222), by Monmouth Eclipse, son of American Eclipse and Honesty, by imp. Expedition; 3rd dam mare, by Bertrand, son of Sir Archy; 4th dam mare, by Kosciusko. Crittenden is the sire of the grandam of Billy Burke (4) 2:064. 2d dam MAMIE (see page 55). 65 The Trotters at Hamburg Place LIZZIE LEYBURN. Record 2:153/4. Member of Mamie Family. Sister to Will Leyburn ............................... 2:06 Wilto Leyburn ............................... 2:145 and half-sister to six others in 2:30. Black mare; foaled 1900. Bred by P. P. Parrish, Midway, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By WILTON 5982. Record 2:19. Sire of Eudora ................... 2:05' Will Leyburn .............. 2:06 Willie Benton .............. 2:05 Vera Capel ................. 2:07/2 Bessie Wilton .............. 2:094 Dorothy Wilton ............ 2:09 and 3 others better than 2:10 and 130 others in 2:30 or better. Wilton's daughters have produced The Plunger 2:07X2, Gayton 2:084, Siliko 2:08 3-10, Peter W. 2:08, Dorothy Redmond 2:09, Lady Thisbe 2:1114, and 70 others in 2:30 or better. His sons have sired 141 in 2:30 or better, including Laura Bellini 2:04Y4, Roamer 2:05, Clinton B. 2:08, Princess Moquette 2:08!12, Bessie Drake 2:08Y4 and Fred Wilton 2:09. Wiltwood 2:29'2, a son of Wilton, is the sire of the dam of Susie N., three-year-old record 2:09. Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Alley (dam of Albert France 2:20, Alley Russell 2:2244 and Harkaway 2875 (sire of 6 in 2:30), by Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's); 2nd dam Lady Griswold (dam of Kent 5560, sire of 11 in 2:30), by Flying Morgan, son of Hackett Horse. 1st dam CRITERION .............. by CRITTENDEN 433. Record 2:2934- Dam of Will Leyburn ............ 2:06 Wilto Leyburn .......... 2:14z Lizzie Leyburn .......... 2:1534 Crito Leyburn (3-yr-old)..2:1634 Bertha Leyburn (3-yr-old) 2:17 Skillful ............ 2:17V2 Anderson Bell (3-yr-old)..2:20 Alto Leyburn ............ 2:242 Sire of Jack Leyburn.... 2:04 Emma Leyburn (3-yr-old) 2:262 Belle Leyburn ........... 2:33Y4 Sire of Jean Val Jean ............ 2:14 Courier .................... 2:15 and I1 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of Bessie Bonehill ........... 2:054 Gov'. Francis .............. 2:08 (Futurity winner). Belle Colley ............... 2:09 Talpa .................... 2:094 Cut Glass (Fut. winner) ... 2:10 Col. Coit ................. 2:102 and 34 others in 2:30 or better. Crittenden 433, son of Cassius M. Clay, Jr., 22, by Cassius M. Clay 18 (sire of George M. Patchen 2:232, champion stallion 1859-1868), son of Henry Clay 8, by Andrew Jackson 4; 1st dam Flora, by Pilot, Jr., 12; 2nd dam Mary (dam of Dick Moore 2:22X), by Monmouth Eclipse, son of American Eclipse and Honesty, by imp. Expedition; 3rd dam mare, by Bertrand, son of Sir Archy; 4th dam mare, by Kosciusko. Crittenden is the sire of the grandam of Billy Burke (4) 2:06Y4. 2d dam MAMIE (see page 55). 66 This page in the original text is blank. V NJancy flanks, Silicon, Fanella and Imp, knee d-ep in the blue grass. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden WILTO LEYBURN. Three-year-old record 2:25/2. Record 2:142 as a four-year-old. Member of Mamie Family. Sister to Will Leyburn ................................ 2:06 Lizzie Leyburn ............... ............... 2:153/4 and half-sister to six others in 2:30. Black mare; foaled 1902. Bred by P. P. Parrish, Midway, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By WILTON 5982. Record 2:19. Sire of Eudora .................. 2:05 Will Leyburn .............. 2:06 Willie Benton .............. 2:05 Vera Capel ................. 2:07/2 Bessie Wilton.. 2:094 Dorothy Wilton . 2:09 and 3 others better than 2:10 and 130 others better than 2:30. Wilton's daughters have produced The Plunger 2:072, Gayton 2:08, Siliko 2:08 3-10, Peter W. 2:082, Dorothy Redmond 2:09, Lady Thisbe 2:11, and 70 others in 2:30 or better. His sons have sired 141 in 2:30 or better, including Laura Bellini 2:04, Roamer 2:05, Clinton B. 2:08, Princess Moquette 2:08, Bessie Drake 2:0844 and Fred Wilton 2:09. Wiltwood 2:292, a son of Wilton, is the sire of the dam of Susie N., three-year-old record 2:09. Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Alley (dam of Albert France 2:20, Alley Russell 2:224 and Harkaway 2875 (sire of 6 in 2:30), by Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's); 2nd dam Lady Griswold (dam of Kent 5560, sire of 11 in 2:30), by Flying Morgan, son of Hackett Horse. 1st dam CRITERION..............by CRITTENDEN 433. Record 2:294. Sire of Dam of Jean Val Jean ............ 2:14 Will Leyburn ............ 2:06 Courier... 2:15 Wilto Leyburn .......... 2:142 and 11 others in 2:30 or better. Lizzie Leyburn .......... 2:15/4 Sire of the dams of Crito Leyburn (3-yr-okl) ..2:16344 Bessie Bonehill ... 2:054 Bertha Leyburn (3-yr-old) 2:17 Gov. Francis ......... 2:08 Skillful ................... 2:17/2 (Futurity winner). Anderson Bell (3-yr-old) ..2:20 Belle Colley ..... 2:09'4 Alto Leyburn ............ 2:24: Talpa ... 2:094 Sire of Jack Leyburn .... 2:04 Cut Glass (Put. winner) ... 2:10 Emma Leyburn (3-yr-old) 2:262 Col. Coit...... 2:10 Belle Leyburn .......... 2:3344 and 34 others in 2:30 or better. Crittenden 433, son of Cassius M. Clay, Jr., 22, by Cassius M. Clay 18 (sire of George M. Patchen 2:2352, champion stallion 1859-1868), son of Henry Clay 8, by Andrew Jackson 4; 1st dam Flora, by Pilot, Jr., 12; 2nd dam Mary (dam of Dick Moore 2:22/), by Monmouth Eclipse, son of American Eclipse and Honesty, by imp. Expedition; 3rd dam mare, by Bertrand, son of Sir Archy; 4th dam mare, by Kosciusko. Crittenden is the sire of the grandam of Billy Burke (4) 2:0644. 2d dam MAMIE (see page 55). 67 The Trotaers at Hamburg Place BERTHA LEYBURN. Three-year-old record 2:17. Member of Mamnie Family. Sister to Crito Leyburn (three-year-old record) ........ 2:163/4 Half-sister to Will Leyburn ................................ 2:06 Wilto Leyburn .............2...............2:143/ and S others in 2:30 or better, including the sire and also the grandam of Jack Leyburn. ................................ 2:04 Bay mare; foaled 1904. Bred by P. P. Parrish, Midway, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVII. By ARION 18000. Two-year-old record 2:104. World's record from 1891 to 1909, made to high wheels. Three-year-old record 2:10Y2. World's record for a three-year-old colt f rom 1892 to 1907. Four-year-old record 2O07Y4. Sold as a three-year-old for 125,000. Arion was a great race horse. He won his only two starts as a two-year-old. He did not start in a race as a three-year-old, but won his only start as a four year old. That was the 11,000 Spirit of the Times Stake, in which he defeated Trevilian 2:08, Belleflower 2:124, Czar 2:122, and Parole 2:16. He started once as a five-year-old, and although sick at the time, was second to Directurn 2:05 in a 15,000 stallion stake, beating Nelson 2:09. In 1909, at eleven years of age, and after six years in the stud, he was fourth to Cresceus 2:02, Charley Herr 2:07 and Grattan Boy 2:08, in the 20,000 stallion stake, beating Lord Vincent 2:08, Benton M. 2:10 and Jupe 2:072. In the first heat of this race he finished second in 2:07. Sire of Lord Roberts . ......... 2:07 Nico ....................... 2:08/4 Frazee . . ........ 2:09 Gov. Francis (H. R. Fut.) ..2:08 Masconomo .......... 2:10 Crystallion ....... .......... 2:084 and 57 others in 2:30 or better. 68 Property of Edward and Joseph Madden Arion's daughters are the dams of Sadie Mac 2:06 (winner of the Kentucky Futurity, etc.), Capt. Bacon 2:104, Todd 2:1434 (a won- derful sire), Anella 2:20, Nico the Second 2:21 (sire of Major Wel- lington 2:08), Bingara (sire of Binvolo 2:09/4), etc. Son of Electioneer 125; 1st dam Manette (dam of 3 in 2:30), by Nut- wood 600; 2nd dam Emblem (grandam of Flying Jib 2:04), by Tattler 300; 3rd dam Young Portia (dam of Voltaire 2:20), by Mambrino Chief 11; 4th dam Portia, by McCracken's Roebuck; 5th dam mare, by Blackburn's Whip, thoroughbred. 1st darn CRITERION..............by CRITTENDEN 433. Record 2:294. Dam of Will Leyburn ............ 2:06 Wilto Leyburn .......... 2:14 Lizzie Leyburn .......... 2:15Y4 Crito Leyburn (3-yr-old) ..2:164 Bertha Leyburn (3-yr-old) 2:17 Skillful ................... 2:172 Anderson Bell (3-yr-old).. 2:20/4 Alto Leyburn ............ 2:242 Sire of Jack Leyburn .... 2:04 Emma Leyburn (3-yr-old) 2:26 Belle Leyburn ........... 2:334 Sire of Jean Val Jean ............ 2:14 Courier .................... 2:15 and 11 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of Bessie Bonehill ........... 2:0534 Goy. Francis .............. 2:08 (Futurity winner). Belle Colley ............... 2:09 Talpa ...................... 2:094 Cut Glass (Fut. winner) ... 2:10 Col. Coit ................. 2:10X2 and 34 others in 2:30 or better. Crittenden 433, son of Cassius M. Clay, Jr., 22, by Cassius M. Clay 18 (sire of George M. Patchen 2:232, champion stallion 1859-1868), son of Henry Clay 8, by Andrew Jackson 4; 1st dam Flora, by Pilot, Jr., 12; 2nd dam Mary (dam of Dick Moore 2:22), by Monmouth Eclipse, son of American Eclipse and Honesty, by imp. Expedition; 3rd dam mare, by Bertrand, son of Sir Archy; 4th dam mare, by Kosciusko. Crittenden is the sire of the grandam of Billy Burke (4) 2:064. 2d dam MAMIE (see page 55). 69 The Trotters at Hamburg Place WILLET LEYBURN. Member of Mamie Family. Out of a half-sister to Will Leyburn ................................ 2:06 Wilto Leyburn ............................... 2:142 Lizzie Leybum .2:153/4 And six others, including the sire and also the grandam of Jack Leyburn. 2:04 Black mare; foaled 1903. Bred by P. P. Parrish, Midway, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVII. By WILTON 5982. Record 2:19. Sire of Eudora .. ............ 2:05Will Leyburn... 2:06 Willie Benton . ........... 2:05 Vera Capel .2:07/2 Bessie Wilton .............. 2:09 Dorothy Wilton .2:09 And 133 others in 2:30 or better. Wiltons daughters have produced The Plunger 2:072, Gayton 2:08', Siliko 2:08 3-10, Peter W. 2:08Y2, Dorothy Redmond 2:09, Lady Thisbe 2:11, and 70 others in 2:30 or better. His sons have sired 141 in 2:30 or better, including Laura Bellini 2:04Y4, Roamer 2:0534, Clinton B. 2:08, Princess Moquette 2:08X, Bessie Drake 2:08 and Fred Wilton 2:09. Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Alley (dam of Albert France 2:20, Alley Russell 2:22Y4 and Harkaway 2875 (sire of 6 in 2:30), by Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's); 2nd dam Lady Griswold (dam of Kent 5560, sire of 11 in 2:30), by Flying Morgan, son of Hackett Horse. 1st dam BELLE LEYBURN, record 2:3334 (see page 64). 70 This page in the original text is blank. F : 0-0 Jack Leyburn winning the Walnut Hall Cup in colors of Hamburg Place. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden ELSIE LEYBURN. Record 2:2734. Member of Mamie Family. Dam of Jack Leyburn, three-year-old record 2:15'2, five-year-old record 2:08/, six-year-old record 2:04. Uhlan 1:583/4, Major Delmar 1:593/4, The Abbot 2:03 and Highball 2:033/4 are the only geldings in the history of the harness horse that have trotted a mile faster than Jack Leyburn's record, 2:04, made in a race. Bay mare; foaled 1898. Bred by P. P. Parrish, Midway, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By EXPEDITION 14900. Record 2:15Y4. Sire of Exalted . .............. 2:073/4 Bi-Flora .............. 2:09V4 Exton. ............... 2:104 Euxenite... 2:11 Mary P. Leyburn .......... 2:11 Bon Voyage (3) ... 2:124 Marique . ... 2:13 (Futurity winner). Fanny Woodburn .......... 2:13 4 Queen Eleanor ............ 2:13 V4 and 72 others in 2:30 or better. His daughters have 25 in the 2:30 list and his sons have sired 57 performers with records of 2:30 or better, including Dudie Archdale 2:06, largest money winner in 1910, and Fleming Boy 2:07. Son of Electioneer 125; Ist dam Lady Russell [sister to Maud S. 2:084, Lord Russell 4677 (sire of Kremlin 2:0734), etc., and dam of Alcatraz 2:164, Re-Election 2:27 (sire of Refina 2:08, etc.), Electrix 2:282 (dam of 2 in 2:30), Ladykin 2:30, Rosignol (dam of Ka 2:234, Krishna 2:24 and Kamala 2:28], etc., by Harold 413; 2nd dam Miss Russell (dam of Maud S. 2:08, Nutwood 2:184, etc.), by Pilot Jr., 12; 3rd dam Sally Russell, by Boston, etc. 1st dam SKILLFUL .............. by ONWARD 1411. Record 2:17V2. Record 2:25. Dam of Sire of Elsie Leyburn .......... 2:274 Margaret 0 . .............. 2:05 (Her only foal). Onward Silver ... 2:05 Grandam of Beuzetta (4-year-old).....2:064 Jack Leyburn ............ 2:04 and 197 others in 2:30 or better. 71 The Trotters at Hamburg Place Onward's daughters have produced China Maid 2:05X4, Choral 2:065/2, The Philistine 2:06y4, Czarevna (Futurity winner), 2:07Y4, Grace (Futurity winner) 2:08, Crystallion 2:084, Joe Interest 2:09/2, Symboleer 2:09V2, Idora 2:09Y4 and 238 others in 2:30. Onward's sons have sired 915 performers in 2:30 or better, includ- ing Frank Agan 2:0344, Online 2:04, Nervolo 2:04, Leland Onward 2:04, Oro 2:05, Margin 2:0534, and Spanish Queen 2:07. Onward 1411, record 2:25, son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Dolly (dam of Director 2:17, Thorndale 2:22/4, etc.), by Mambrino Chief 11; 2nd dam Fanny (5th dam of Sidney Pointer 2:07Y2, sire of Angus Pointer 2:0144), by Ben Franklin; 3rd dam Nance, by Saxe-Weimar, son of Sir Archy and Lottery, by imp. Bedford. 2d dam CRITERION ............... by CRITTENDEN 433. Record 2:294. Sire of Dam of Jean Val Jean ............ 2:14 Will Leyburn ............ 2:06 Courier... 2:15 Wilto Leyburn .2:14 and 11 others in 2:30 or better. Lizzie Leyburn .......... 2:1534 Sire of the dams of Crito Leyburn (3-yr-old) ..2:1634 Bessie Bonehill ... 2:05Y4 Bertha Leyburn (3-yr-old) 2:17- Gov. Francis .......... 2:08 Skillful ................... 2:17Y2 (Futurity winner). Anderson Bell (3-yr-old)..2:204 Belle Colley... 2:09 Alto Leyburn ............ 2:24/2 Talpa .2:09Y4 Sire of Jack Leyburn .... 2:04/4 Cut Glass (Fut. winner)... 2:10 Emma Leyburn (3-yr-old) 2:262 Col. Coit...... 2:10/2 Belle Leyburn ........... 2:3344 and 34 others in 2:30 or better. Crittenden 433, son of Cassius WI. Clay, Jr., 22, by Cassius M. Clay 18 (sire of George M. Patchen 2:232, champion stallion 1859-1868), son of Henry Clay 8, by Andrew Jackson 4; 1st dam Flora, by Pilot, Jr., 12; 2nd dam Mary (dam of Dick Moore 2:22/2), by Monmouth Eclipse, son of American Eclipse and Honesty, by imp. Expedition; 3rd dam mare, by Bertrand, son of Sir Archy; 4th dam mare, by Kosciusko. Crittenden is the sire of the grandam of Billy Burke (4) 2:0644. 3rd dam MAMIE (see page 55). Elsie Leyburn was bred as a two-year-old and the produce of that service was Jack Leyburn 2:04. It is not generally known that in 1901, when Elsie Leyburn was mated to Alto Leyburn, the latter was also a two-year-old, so the fifth fastest trotting gelding so far on record is the result of a two-year-old stallion being mated to a two- year-old mare. Jack Leyburn first raced as a three-year-old, getting a mark of 2:15 in the second and third heats of a race with old horses, he being a keen contender in that contest which required seven heats to decide. He also won at that age racing against old horses, and in the race he made his record, after winning the second and third heats, he made a dead heat for the fourth heat, going that mile in 2:165/4. As a four-year-old Jack Leyburn was not on the turf, but as a five and a six-year-old he was one of the most brilliant racing stars, getting a mark of 2:082 in 1907 and 2:04 in 1908. A summary of his victory 72 This page in the original text is blank. DAMS OF CHAMPIONS. SILICON 2:13 'I Lit i Of Siiko 2:O81 , \. \dtJtC1 flANKS 2:04 i1i oj 1' driwirM'we2:04 , FANVELLA 2:13 Darn of Sadie AMac 2:06k; ELSIE LE! YOUPRN 2:27 7 DIatn of iack Teyburn 2.:043 Property of Edward and Joseph Madden in the classic Walnut Hall Farm Cup in 1907 and the race in which he made his record, as well as his wins in the Queen City, Columbus, and McDowell Stakes in 1908, is given below: IN 1907. Lexington, Ky., Oct. 15th. Walnut Hall Farm Cup, 2:15 class, trotting, purse 3,000. Jack Leyburn, ch. g., 5 years.2 1 1 1 Claty Latis, ch. m., 2:084 .......i . ......... 1 3 3 3 Wild Bell, br. g., 2:084 ....................... 8 2 2 2 The Pacolet, blk. g., 2:14 .................... 4 4 6 5 Peter Balta 2:12, Princess Yetive 2:11, Genteel H. 2:08 and Kassona 2:14 also started. Kassona was drawn in the third heat, and Genteel H. was distanced in the final heat. Time-2:082, 2:08Y2, 2:10Y2, 2:09Y2. IN 1908. Terre Haute, Ind., July 16th. 2:09 class, trotting, purse 1,000. Jack Leyburn, ch. g ................................1 1 1 Margaret O., b. m., 2:05 .......................... 2 2 2 Sterling McKinney, br. h., 2:064 ................... 3 3 3 Just the Thing 2:10 and Petigru 2:102 were distanced, the former in third and the latter in the second heat. Time-2:07, 2:06, 2:04. Detroit, Mich., July 27th. Free-for-all, trotting, purse 1,500, 2 in 3. Jack Leyburn, ch. g .....................1l 1 Margaret O., b. m., 2:05 ............................. 2 3 Oro, blk. g., 2:054 ................................. 4 2 Wilkes Heart, b. g, 2:06 ............................. 3 4 Time-2:05,2, 2:04. Poughkeepsie, N. Y., Aug. 18th. 2:09 class, trotting, Queen City Stake, purse 2,000. 2 in 3. Jack Leyburn, ch. g ................................ 3 1 1 Locust Jack, gr. g., 2:062 ....................... 1 2 4 Margaret O., b. m., 2:05 ........................ 2 7 2 Nahma, b. m., 2:07 ............................. 4 4 3 Sterling McKinney 2:06Y4, Daniel 2:0854 and Miss Adbell 2:09 also started. Miss Adbell was distanced in the third heat. Time-2:08, 2:07, 2:07. Columbus, O., Sept. 22nd. 2:09 class, trotting, Columbus Stakes, purse 3,000. Jack Leyburn, ch. g ................................ 1 1 1 Dewitt, b. g., 2:08 .............................. 2 2 2 Locust Jack, gr. g., 2:06X2 ........................ 3 4 3 Daniel, br. g., 2:08 ........................ 7 3 5 Margaret 0. 2:05, Sterling McKinney 2:06Y4, Nahma 2:07 and Belfast 2:08 also started. Time-2:07, 2:06, 2:06. Lexington, Ky., Oct. 14th. 2:09 class, trotting, McDowell Stake, purse 3,000. Jack Leyburn, ch. g ........................... 1 Locust Jack, gr. g., 2:06Y2 ....................... 2 2 3 Daniel, br. g., 2:08.4 ........................ 5 4 2 Margaret O., b. m., 2:05 ....................... 3 5 3 Baraja 2:10 also started. Time-2:132, 2:061/, 2:07. 73 The Troffers at Hamburg Place MINNIE LEYBURN. Member of Mamile Family. Half-sister to Jack Leyburn ................................... 2:04 /4 But four trotting geldings have records faster than Jack Leyburn. Bay mare; foaled 1905. Bred by P. P. Parish, Midway, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By PRINCE WILBURN 42443. Record 2:21X2. Sold for export in 1907. Brother to Margaret Leyburn ............................ 2:244 Wilburn M. (European record) .............. 2:132 Sire of Willy.. .2:07 Centurion (European rec.)... 2:1358 Obnowa (European record) .......... 2:12Y2 Son of Wilton 5982, record 2:19, sire of 139 in 2:30 or better; Ist dam Rose Leyburn 2:15 (dam of 9 with records), by Onward 1411, record 2:25; 2nd lam Mamie (dam of 6 and grandam of 27 with records), by Star Almont 6673, etc. 1st dam ELSIE LEYBURN, record 2:273/4 (see page 71). 74 This page in the original text is blank. C=ow-S All Jack Leyburn 2:04 K, with Geers up. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden ARIEL LEYBURN. Trotted a quarter in 35 seconds as a yearling, driven by George B. Hayes. Member of Marmie Family. Half-sister to Jack Leyburn. 2:04 Chestnut mare; foaled 1907. Bred by P. P. Parrish, Midway, Ky., and foaled the property of Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By ARIO LEYBURN 42442. Half-brother to Mary P. Leyburn ........... ................ 2:1 1 V4 Ruth Leyburn ............................... 2:202 Wilburn M. (European record) .............. 2:13/2 Sire of Willy.. 2:07 Centurion (European rec.)... 2:13 Obnowa (European record) ...... 2:132 Son of Arion 18000, four-year-old record 2:074, two-year-old record 2:104, to high wheels and a world's record from 1891 to 1909. Sire of Lord Roberts 2:07, Governor Francis 2:08, Nico 2:08, etc.; 1st dam Rose Leyburn 2:15 (dam of 9 with records), by Onward 1411, record 2:25; 2nd dam Mamie (dam of 6 and grandam of 25 with records), by Star Almont 6673, etc. 1st dam ELSIE LEYBURN, record 2:273/4 (see page 71). 75 The Trotters at Hamburg Place QUEEN LEYBURN. Member of Mamie Family. Dam of King Arion 2:175/4. Out of a half-sister to Catherine Leyburn ............ .............. 2:14 Helen Leyburn ............................... 2:14 Rose Leyburn .............................. 2:15 Scourine ..................................... 2:18 Criterion .................................... 2:293/4 Black mare; foaled 1896. Bred by W. C. France in Kentucky, passed to Bowerman Bros., Lex- ington, Ky., then passed to Jas. M. Hamilton, New Albany, Ind., and then to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XV. By CLAY KING 2964. Record 2:274. Sire of Dick Wilson ......... 2:08 The King ................... 2:10Y2 Tom Phair ......... 2:1454 Miss Sally Taylor.......... 2:16 Evania, three-year-old record 2:21, trial 2:10, as a five-year- old, and 19 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dam of Moy 2:0734, Priola 2:14, etc. Son of King Clay 594 (sire of 14 in 2:30 and dam of Ed. Custer 2:10), by Harry Clay 45, record 2:29; 1st dam Amy 2:20, by Volunteer 55; 2nd dam Belle Brandon (dam of Gov. Sprague 2:20), by Hamble- tonian 10, etc. 1st dam ALICE LEYBURN ....... by BARON WILKES 4758. Record 2:29. Record 2:18. Half-sister to Sire of Catherine Leyburn .......2:14 Bumps .2........ 2:0334 Helen Leyburn .......... 2:14 Rubinstein.2:05 Rose Leyburn ........... 2:15 Baron May ........ 2:07 Scourine............... 2:18 Rachel ........ 2:08 Criterion..... 2:294 and 141 others in 2:30 or better. Baron Wilkes' daughters produced Lady Gail Hamilton 2:06, Alceste 2:07, Rollins 2:08, Justo 2:08, India Silk 2:10, Great Spirit 2:114, Helen Hale (2-year-old record) 2:13, etc., and his sons have sired 639 performers in 2:30 or better, including Brenda Yorke 2:04, Fereno 2:05Y2, Isinetta 2:05X, Lady Gail Hamilton 2:06, Native Belle (3-year-old record) 2:062, Prince of Orange 2:0652, Rythmic 2:064, Baron de Shay 2:0852, Siliko 2:08 3-10, Susie N. (3-year-old record) 2:09, Dillon Boy 2:09, Grace Bond (3- year-old record) 2:09, etc. The only performers to win both renewals of the Kentucky Futurity Stake are both granddaughters of Baron Wilkes. Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Belle Patchen 2:304 (grandam of Neponset 2:244), by Mambrino Patchen 58; 2nd dam Sally Chorister (dam of Protiene 2:18, Belle Brasfield 2:20, etc.), by Mambrino Chorister, son of Mambrino Chief 11, etc. 2nd dam MAMIE (see page 55). 76 Property of Edward and Joseph Madden ROMA LEYBURN. Record 2:18. Member of Mamie Family. As a three-year-old in a stake race at Readville, Mass., racing as "Roma." She made her record in a second heat and finished second in a third and fourth heat in 2:19, 2:20. She won third money at that age in a 5,000 stake at Brighton Beach and was fourth in the first two heats of the Kentucky Futurity Stake and fifth in the final heat of that race, which took five heats to decide. The only horses to finish in front of her in the big field that started in that race in the first two heats were Nella Jay 2:142, Lady Gail Hamilton 2:06, and John Mac 2:094. She did not race after her three-year- old form. Sister to Sarah Leyburn, three-year-old record 2:20, and Scourine M., three-year-old record 2:26'/2, trial 2:15. Bay mare; foaled 1899. Bred by W. E. D. Stokes, Patchen Wilkes Farm, Lexington, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By ONWARD 1411. Record 2:25. Sire of Margaret 0 . ......... 2:05 Onward Silver ............. 2:05 Pearl Onward . ......... 2:062 Beuzetta (4-year-old) ....... 2:064 Gazette . . ........ 2:07 Colbert ..................... 2:07 and 194 others in 2:30 or better. Grandsire of Frank Agan . ......... 2:034 Online ..................... 2:04 Nervolo . . ........ 2:04Leland Onward ............ 2:04Y2 Oro . . 2:05 Margin ..................... 2:05Y4 and 909 others in 2:30 or better. Onward's daughters have produced 247 in 2:30 or better, includ- ing Czarevna 2:07, winner of the two-year-old Kentucky Futurity, Stock Farm and American Horse Breeder's Futurity races in 1908 and Horse Review Futurity in 1909; Grace (3) 2:08, winner of the Kentucky Futurity and Champion Stallion Stakes; China Maid 2:05/4, Choral 2:06, The Philistine (4) 2:064, Crystallion 2:084, Joe Interest 2:092, Symboleer 2:092 and Idora 2:094. 77 The Trotters at Hamburg Place Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; Ist dam Dolly [dam of Director 2:17, Thorndale 2:22Y2 (sire of Edwin Thorne 2:164), etc.], by Maambrino Chief 11; 2d dam Fanny (5th dam of Sidney Pointer 2:072, sire of Angus Pointer 2:014, etc.), by Ben Franklin, by Hazrack, son of Golden Farmer, thoroughbred; 3rd dam Nance, by Saxe-Weimar, son of Sir Archy and Lottery, by imp. Bedford, etc. 1st dam SCOURINE ............. by WILTON 5982. Record 2:182. Record 2:19. Dam of Sire of Roma Leyburn (Roma)..2:18 Eudora ............ .. 2:05 Sarah Leyburn ........... 2:20 Willie Benton. 2:05 (Miss Hamburg). Will Leyburn ... 2:06 Peter Leyburn ........... 2:26 Vera Capel ..... 2:072 Scourine M. ...... 2:26V2 and 5 others in 2:10. Wilton's daughters have produced Siliko (Futurity winner) 2:08 3/10, The Plunger 2:072, Gayton 2:08, Peter W. 2:08, Dorothy Red- mond 2:09, Lady Thisbe 2:11X4 and 70 others in 2:30 or better, and his sons have sired 141 in 2:30 or better, including Laura Bellini 2:044, Roamer 2:054, Clinton B. 2:08, Princess Moquette 2:08, Bessie Drake 2:084 and Fred Wilton 2:09. Wiltwood 2:292, a son of \Wilton, is the sire of the dam of Susie N., three-year-old record 2:09X. Son of George XVilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Alley (dam of Albert France 2:20'4, Alley Russell 2:2234 and Harkaway 2875, sire of 6 in 2:30), by Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's); 2nd dam Lady Griswold (dam of Kent 5560, sire of 11 in 2:30), by Flying Morgan, son of Hackett Horse. 2nd dam MAMIE (see page 55). 78 This page in the original text is blank. Stallion Paddocks at Hamburg Place. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden SARAH LEYBURN. Three-year-old record 2:201/2, under the name of Miss Hamburg. Member of Mamie Family. Sister to Roma Leyburn .............................. 2:18 Scourine M. (trial 2:15) .................... 2:26/2 Bay mare; foaled 1903. Bred by W. E. D. Stokes at Patchen Wilkes Farm, Lexington, Ky., then passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By ONWARD 1411. Record 2:25. Sire of Margaret 0 . ............... 2:05 Onward Silver ............. 2:05 Pearl Onward .............. 2:06y2 Beuzetta (4-year-old) ...... 2:06 and 196 others in 2:30 or better. Grandsire of 915 performers in 2:30 or better, including Frank Agan 2:03, Online 2:04, Nervolo 2:04, Leland Onward 2:0454, Oro 2:05, Margin 2:05, Spanish Queen 2:07. Onward's daughters have produced 247 performers in 2:30 or better, including China Maid 2:05, Choral 2:06, The Philistine 2:06, Czar- evna (Futurity winner) 2:07, Grace (Futurity winner) 2:08, Crystallion 2:084, Joe Interest 2:09, Symboleer 2:092 and Idora 2:094. Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Dolly [dam of Director 2:17, Thorndale 2:2252 (sire of Edwin Thorne 2:164), etc.], by Mambrino Chief 11; 2d dam Fanny (5th dam of Sidney Pointer 2:072, sire of Angus Pointer 2:01, etc.), by Ben Franklin, by Hazrack, son of Golden Farmer, thoroughbred; 3rd dam Nance, by Saxe-Weimar, son of Sir Archy and Lottery, by imp. Bedford, etc. 1st dam SCOURINE .............. by WILTON 5982. Record 2:1852. Record Dam of Sire Roma Leyburn (Roma) ... 2:182 Eudora . Sarah Leyburn ........... 2:205 Willie Benton (Miss Hamburg). Will Leyburn -, Peter Leyburn ........... 2:26 Vera Capel . Scourine M.2:26z and 5 othei 2:1954. of .......... 2:05 4 .......... 2:05 ......... 2:06 .......... .. 2:07V2 -s in 2:10. Wilton's daughters have produced Siliko (Futurity winner) 2:08 3/10, The Plunger 2:07, Gayton 2:08, Peter W. 2:082, Dorothy Red- mond 2:09, Lady Thisbe 2:11 and 70 others in 2:30 or better, and his sons have sired 141 in 2:30 or better, including Laura Bellini 2:0444, Roamer 2:05, Clinton B. 2:08, Princess Moquette 2:082, Bessie Drake 2:0844 and Fred Wilton 2:09. Wiltwood 2:292, a son of Wilton, is the sire of the dam of Susie N., three-year-old record 2:094. Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; 1st dam Alley (dam of Albert France 2:20, Alley Russell 2:22A and Harkaway 2875, sire of 6 in 2:30), by Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's); 2nd dam Lady Griswold (dam of Kent 5560, sire of 11 in 2:30), by Flying Morgan, son of Hackett Horse. 2nd dam MAMIE (see page 55). 79 The Trotters at Hamburg Place ETHEL HANKS. Three-year-old record 2:284. Member of Kathleen Family. Half-sister to Ecstatic ..................................... 2:0134 Ethel's Pride (5-year-old record) ...... ...... 2:063/4 Winner of the Transylvania Stake, etc. Extasy (3-year-old trotting record) .......... 2:11 Pacing as a 2-year-old filly 2:10. Impetuous (3-year-old record) ................ 2:13 Two-year-old record 2:153/4. Immaculate .................................. 2:153/4 and 3 others better than 2:25. Bay mare; foaled 1906. Bred by J. C. McCoy, Kirkwood, Delaware, passed to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVIII. By ADMIRAL DEWEY 30614. Record 2:044. Sire of Captain George (4) ........ 2:09Y4 Scientia ................ 2:11/4 and 10 others in Admyre ................. 2:15 Miss Admiral Dewey ...... 2:19 2:30 or better. Son of Bingen 29567, record 2:064 [sire of Uhlan 1:58, The Leading Lady 2:07 (as a three-year-old), King Cole 2:05, John Ward 2:05, Todd 2:14 (a wonderful sire), Owaissa 2:06, Codero 2:09, Totara 2:09Y4 and 89 others in 2:30 or better]; 1st dam Nancy Hanks 2:04 [dam of Lord Roberts 2:073, Nancy McKerron 2:102 (at three years old), Markala 2:18, etc.], by Happy Medium 400, race record 2:32V2, made in 1869; 2nd dam Nancy Lee (a great brood mare), by Dictator 113; 3rd dam Sophy, by Edwin Forrest 49; 4th dam Sophronia, by Parker's Brown Pilot; 5th dam mare, by Bertrand, thoroughbred; 6th dam mare, by Lance, thoroughbred. 1st dam ETHELWYN ............. by HAROLD 413. Record 2:33. Dam of Ecstatic .............. l 2:01 Ethel's Pride (5-yr-old) . .2:06 Extasy (3-yr-old). 2:11 X2 Pacing as a 2-yr-old in..2:10 Dam of Pleasant Thought ... 2:21 Impetuous (3-year-old)...2:13 Two-year-old record .. .2:15 Dam of Hardwick 30024 ... 2:214 Sire of Graceful.. ... 2:292 Imperatus.2:29 Immaculate ... 2:15 Panyan ..... 2:17 Orator... 2:23 Tintoret ..... 2:24 Sire of Maud S. (a champion).....2:08 Slumber .................. 2:11 Alturas .................... 2:12/2 and 42 others in 2:30. Sire of the dams of Ecstatic ................... 2:01 Ethel's Pride .............. 2:06 Beuzetta (Ken. Futurity) . .2:06Y4 Dainty Dolly .............. 2:094 Early Bird ............... 2:10 Extasy .................... 2:102 Fillipino ................... 2:10Y/ Midi. ........2 :11 Philonides ................. 2:1174 Pennant .................,.2:15 Sire of Penisa Maid ............ 2:04 and 125 others in 2:30 or better. 80 This page in the original text is blank. . . ........ MADDEN BOYS IN THE SADDLE. J. E. Madden, Jr., at five years old exercising his father's thoroughbred yearlings with his brother Joseph, aged three, accom- panying him on his pony. Properly of Edward and Joseph Madden Harold's sons have sired 309 performers in 2:30 or better, including Robert J. 2:0152, Ike Slumber 2:0752, Kremlin 2:0714, Dan P. 2:08, Thomas Edison 2:0814 and Atora 2:09Y4. A son of Harold 413 sired the dam of Alix 2:0314, a world's champion trotter. Son of Hambletonian 10; 1st dam Enchantress (dam of Black Maria 2:30Y2, Lakeland Abdallah 351, etc.), by Abdallah 1; 2nd dam mare, by imp. Bellfounder. 2d dam KATHLEEN .............. by PILOT JR. 12. Dam of Sire of Eager.2:14 14 Eight in.2:30 Ethelwyn .2:33 and the dams of Dam of 9 in. 2:30 Maud S. (a champion)... 2:08Y4 Grandam of 7 in. 2:30 Jay-Eye-See (a champion) 2:10 Katrina, grandam of (Pacing record 2:06). Kansas ... 2:091 Nutwood ............... 2:184 Royal Pilot 4314, sire of Mambrino Gift (champion) 2:20 Jack. 2:21 14 and 36 others in 2:30 or better. Pilot Jr.'s sons have sired Kitty Bayard 2:12r , Kellar Thomas 2:1214 (sire of Locust Jack 2:0654), N. T. H. 2:175/2, Gossip 2:18 (sire of Gossip Jr. 2:14), etc. Son of Old Pacing Pilot; 1st dam Nancy Pope, by Havoc, thoroughbred; 2nd dam Nancy Taylor, by Alfred, thoroughbred, etc. 3rd dam LITTLE MISS ............ by imp. SOVEREIGN. Thoroughbred. Thoroughbred. 4th dam of the great race mare Son of Sovereign, Jr., the sire of Imp, winner of 70,914. the dam of Maud T. 2:1914. 4th darn Little Mistress. ..by imp. Shamrock. 5th dam Glance .................... by Wild Bill. 6th dam Grey Goose .............. by Pacolet. 7th dam Sally Sneed ............... by imp. Buzzard. 8th dam Jane Hunt ............... by Hampton's Paragon. 9th dam Moll ...................... by imp. Figure. 10th dam Miss Slarnerkin .......... by imp. Wildair. 11th dam imp. Cub mare ...... ...... by Cub. 12th dam Amaranthus' dam ........ by Second. 13th dam Leedes' Flash and Fop's dam ............................. by Starling. 14th dam sister to Vane's Little Partner ........................... by Croft's Partner. 15th dam Sister to Guy .. by Greyhound. 16th dam Brown Farewell ......... by Makeless. 17th dam mare .................... by Brimmer. 18th dam mare ..................... by Place's White Turk. 19th dam mare ..................... by Dodsworth. 20th dam Layton Barb mare. This is the No. 4 thoroughbred line of the Bruce Lowe figure system. 81 The Troaiers at Hamburg Place HOME AGAIN. Record 2:27/2. Trotting under the name of Welcome Home, October 27, 1907. Member of Kate Family. Half-sister to Sweet Home 2:24/4 and out of a half-sister to Lady Thisbe 2:11 (dam of Directun Spier Jr. 2:23 and King Spier (2) 2:28/4). Black mare; foaled 1901. Bred by Marcus Daly, Hamilton, Mont., passed to J. L. Druien, Bards- town, Ky., then passed to A. J. Welch, Hartford, Conn., and then to Edward and Joseph Madden, Hamburg Place. Registered in the American Trotting Register, Vol. XVI. By BOW BELLS 13073. Record 2:194. Sire of Beauseant .............. 2:0651 Billy Andrews .............. 2:0652 Matin Bells .............. 2:065 Bellwood A . ................ 2:0752 Prince Selma .............. 2:104 Bow Sebastian ............. 2:1134 J. N. Blakemore ............ 2:114 Andy Miller ................ 2:14 and 54 others in 2:30 or better, including Janie T., two-year-old record 2:14, the world's record for two-year-old fillies 1897 to 1907. Sire of the Bervaldo........... 2:083 Grattan Bells ............. 2:10Y4 Belle McEwen ........... 2:104 Sonata........... 2:12 Pan Michael ......... Borcazelle ............ Borowood ........... dams of Emily Ellen (3) ............ 2:094 Directness . ............ I 2:11 Y Grancino............. 2:13 and 38 others in ........... 2:30 Grandsire of ...... 2:03 Boralma .2:07 ...... 2:093 Only performer to win the Ken- ...... 2:0934 tucky Futurity and Transylvania. Son of Electioneer 125; 1st dam Beautiful Bells 2:2952 [dam of 11 performers in 2:30 or better, including Belleflower 2:1244, Bell Boy 2:193, Chimes 5348, Adbell 2:23 (a world's champion) and St. Bel 2:2452], by The Moor 870; 2nd dam Minnehaha (dam of 8 in 2:30 or better), by Steven's Bald Chief; 3rd dam Nettie Clay, by C. M. Clay, Jr., 22; 4th dam mare, by Abdallah 1; 5th dam mare, by Engineer 2nd 3. 82 Properly of Edward and Joseph Madden 1st darn WELCOME HOME ....... by PRODIGAL 6000. Dam of Sweet Home ............. 2:24 Home Again ............. 2:2752 (Welcome Home). Half-sister to Lady Thisbe (4-year-old) 2:115/4 Dam of Directum Spier, Jr ....... 2:234 King Spier (2) ......... 2:28 Lady Thisbe made a most re- markable campaign in 1902. She was second in the 15,000 Massachusetts Stake to Major Delmar 1:59, in 2:08Y2, 2:084, 2:09, behind her being Dulce Cor 2:082, Hawthorne 2:06/4, Poindexter 2:09, The Roman 2:09X, Charley Mac 2:07, Idolita 2:09, Belle Kuzer 2:08, Miss Whitney 2:0712, Dan T. 2:07, and six others. At Brighton Beach in the 10,000 Bonner Memorial Stake she finished two heats in front of Major Delmar and ten others and earned second money in the race which was won by Rythmic in 2:09, 2:09, 2:12. Record 2:16. Sire of Moy ...................... 2:074 John Nolan ............... 2:08 Laureatta .................. 2:08 Dan D. ................... 2:09 Lucille Marlow ............ 2:09 Vito ...................... 2:09, Dan M. ................... 2:095/2 Luther Sexton (2). 2:10 Great Spirit ............... 2:11 Y4 The Bankrupt ............ 2:12 Helen Hale (2-year-old) ..2:134 Charley B. ................ 2:184 and 120 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of Gen. Watts (Ken. Fut.) ..2:06 Owaissa .................... 2:064 Gavatta ................... 2:11 and 32 others in 2:30. Brother to Patron 2529 ................ 2:14 Sire of Caspian .......... 2:07 (Transylvania) . Sire of the dam of Copa de Oro ............ 1:59 Brother to Patronage 4143, sire of Alix (world's champion) 2:03 Prodigal 6000, record 2:16, son of Pancoast 1439, record 2:21; 1st dam Beatrice (dam of Patron, a champion three-year-old and win- ner of the Charter Oak 2:14), by Cuyler; 2nd dam Mary Mam- brino (dam of Elvira 2:182, a world's champion four-year-old), by Mambrino Patchen 58, etc. 2d dam LADY WILTON .......... by WILTON 5982. Record 2:11 as a 5-year-old. Record 2:195/4. Three-year-old record.... 2:2154 Sire of Won 5 races as a 3-year-old. Eudora ........... 2:05 Dam of Willie Benton........... 2:05 Lady Thisbe (4-year-old) 2:11 Will Leyburn ........... 2:06 Grandam of Vera Capel. ...........2:07 Sweet Home ......... 2:24 and 5 others in 2:10 and 130 Home Again ......... 2:27 others in 2:30 or better. WiLton's daughters have produced Siliko (Futurity winner) 2:08 3/10, The Plunger 2:072, Gayton 2:08, Peter W. 2:082, Dorothy Red- mond 2:09, Lady Thisbe 2:11 and 70 others in 2:30 or better, and his sons have sired 141 in 2:30 or better, including Laura Bellini 2:04, Roamer 2:055, Clinton B. 2:08, Princess Moquette 2:082, Bessie Drake 2:08 and Fred Wilton 2:09. Wiltwood 2:292, a son of Wilton, is the sire of the dam of Susie N., three-year-old record 2:09. Son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22; Ist dam Alley (dam of Albert France 2:20, Alley Russell 2:22 and Harkaway 2875, sire of 6 83 The Trotters at Hamburg Place in 2:30), by Hambletonian 10 (Rysdyk's); 2nd dam Lady Griswold (dam of Kent 5560, sire of 11 in 2:30), by Flying Morgan, son of Hackett Horse. 3rd darn LEMONADE ............. by KENTUCKY PRINCE JR. 3139 Record 2:27. Sire of Dam of J. Q.2:17 Bessie Wilton............ 2:09 Lemonade ....... 2:27 Petigru.2. 2:10 Sire of the dams of Lady Wilton ............. 2:11 2 Col. Henry ............. 2:12/4 Lemonee ................ 2:1834 Nelly Mambrino .......... 2:18 Brocade B. (trial, 2) ...... 2:25 Stone Crusher ........... 2:18 and 3 others in 2:30 or better. Kentucky Prince, Jr., 3139, son of Kentucky Prince 2470 (sire of Guy 2:094 and the dam of Tom Keene 2:04), by Clark Chief 89; 1st dam Patchienie (dam of Prince Albert 2:26 and grandam of Isa Belle 2:17 and Black Bess 2:22y2), by Mambrino Patchen 58, etc. Kentucky Prince, Jr., 3139 was sold into Montreal, Quebec, Canada, and died at the early age of 14 years. 4th dam SUSIE MELBOURNE....by MELBOURNE JR. Dam of Sire of the dams of Satisfaction ............... 2:22Z4 J. W. South ......... 2:294 Lemonade .............. 2:27/4 Clermont......... 2:29Y4 Dam of 4 in ........ 2:30 and 3 others in 2:30 or better. Count of Paris 12172, Son of Sire of Imp. Knight of St. George and Malinda Wilkes ........ 2:20 Melrose, by Melbourne, etc. 5th dam KATE ............. by ALHOIT. Dam of Son of Abdallah 15. Talavera 1943.......... 2:30 Sire of Sire of Goldsmith Maid .......... 2:14 M cVera.... 2:10 Rosalind............. 2:21 Y4 Talavera Jr............. 2:21 4Thorndale. 2:22 And 3 others in ........ 2:30 Almont 33, Belmont 64, etc. 6th dam mare .. ............ by BRIGNOLI 77. 7th dam mare .. ............ by PILOT JR. 12. Brignoli 77, record 2:294, son of Mambrino Chief 11; 1st dam Sally Woodford, by Woodford, etc. Pilot Jr. 12 (sire of dams of Jay-Eye-See 2:10 (pacing 2:06), Maud S. 2:084, Sclavonic 2:094, Nutwood 2:184, etc.), son of Old Pacing Pilot; 1st dam Nancy Pope, by Havoc, thoroughbred, etc. 84 This page in the original text is blank. I ____A --- 1--l---""",,---,-11-1-1----,-,-"------------- A View on Hamburg Place. Property of Edward and Joseph Madden THE KATE FAMILY. Talavera 2:30 by Happy Medium Sire of 5 in 2:30 Satisfaction 2:22)4 by Ethan Wilkes Susie Melbourne by Melbourne by Lemonade 2:27y, KentuckrI Prince, Jr. Rowena by Twilight Dodge 2:2134 Count of Pamri 12172 by Bourbon Wilkes Sire of I In 2:30 Bessie Wilton 2:09g Lemoni by Wilton by W Welcome F by Pr Sweet Home 2:24 by Milrol .e 2:18)4 Lad Wilton2:11 Brocade B. tr. 2:25 ilton Gb Wilton by Bearon Wilkes /ome 224 4 Lady Thisbe 2:114 odigal by Milroi Home Again 2:274 Directum Spier, Jr. 2-235 by Bow Bells by Directum Spier t Peti 2:105 by Kxng'wood Sire af 2 In 2-30 KingSpler2:283( ly Directum Spier 85 The Trotters at Hamburg Place FOALS OF 1910. The following fillies have been reserved for breeding purposes. VIALA, b. f., VILEEN, b. f., VIRAH, b. f., VITHA, b. f., VICON, b. f., VINTRESS, b. f., VINLIE, b. f., VILTO, b. f., VIROMA, b. f., by Vice-Commodore-Lady Leyburn. 11 '4 Queen Leyburn. "1 "1 I" Sarah Leyburn. '1 .1 Bertha Leyburn. " " " Silicon. "1 "1 ". Countess Leyburn. ". " ". Minnie Leyburn. '1 '1 "1 Wilto Leyburn. "1 "1 "1 Roma Leyburn. FOALS OF 1909. SILICON CRITERION, br. f., by Brighton-Wilto Leyburn. SILICON LEYBURN, br. f., " " Bertha Leyburn. 86 This page in the original text is blank. . .... .. ........ WARLOCK. Imported from England in 1889 by J. E. Madden. This page in the original text is blank. BLOOD LINES FOR REFERENCE This page in the original text is blank. Race Course and Paddocks at Hamburg Place. Blood Lines for Reference MAMBRINO. The English Horse. (Sire of imp. Messenger). Gray horse; foaled 1768. Bred in England by Lord Grosvenor and never left that country. By ENGINEER 1st dam mare .................... by Caid. 2nd dam mare ................... by Bolton Little John. 3rd dam Durham's Favorite ...... by son of Bald Galloway. 4th dam mare (Daffodil's dam) by Sir T. Gascoigne's Foreign Horse. No. 20 family of the Bruce Lowe thoroughbred figure system. 89 Blood Lines for Reference MESSENGER (imp.). Gray horse; foaled 1780. Imported in May, 1788. Died in 1808, aged 28 years. By MAMBRINO. 1st dam mare. by 2nd dam Sister to Figurante. by 3rd dam mare . by 4th dam Snap's dam. by 5th dam Gipsy.by 6th dam mare ....... by 7th dam mare ..... by 8th dam mare ....... by 9th dam mare ....... by 10th dam Natural Barb mare. Turf. Regulus. Starling. Fox. Bay Bolton. Duke of Newcastle's Turk. Byerly Turk. Taffolet Barb. Place's White Turk. No. 1 family of the Bruce Lowe thoroughbred figure system. Registered in the English General Stud Book, Vol. 1, Page 165. 90 This page in the original text is blank. Mr. E. T. Bedford driving York Boy and Bemay to their half-mile track world's record of 2:12 '. Blood Lines for Reference MAMBRINO. The American Horse. Bay horse; foaled 1807. Bred by Col. Lewis Morris, New York. By imp. MESSENGER. lst dam mare ...................... by imp. Sour Crout. 2nd dam mare .......... ........... by imp. Whirligig. 3rd dam Slamerkin ................. by imp. Wildair. 4th dam imp. Cub Mare ........... by Cub. 5th dam Amaranthus' dam .by Second. 6th dam (dam of Leedes' Flash and Fop) ....................... by Starling. 7th dam (Sister to Vane's Little Partner) ........................ by Partner. 8th dam Sister to Guy ............. by Greyhound. 9th dam Farewell ........ .......... by Makeless. 10th dam mare .................... by Brimmer. 11th dam mare ..................... by Place's Turk. 12th dam mare ............... - by Dodsworth. 13th dam Layton Barb Mare. No. 4 family of the Bruce Lowe thoroughbred figure system. Mambrino was a bright bay horse with a small star and one hind ankle white. He stood sixteen hands high, with great length of body and beautifully turned. His general structure was after the Mes- senger model, especially in the large bones and joints of his limbs. His head was long and bony, and his ears were large, but not dull or heavy. The horse was also a little high on his legs and his general appearance was coarse. Major William Jones of Queen's County, Long Island, purchased Mambrino in the spring of 1810. He was then a four-year-old and in the fall he was trained for the two-mile purse at Newmarket Course, Long Island. Mambrino gave evidence of considerable racing power, but after showing signs of distemper he was sent home and retired to the stud. From 1811 to 1832 when he died on the farm of Azariah Arnold in Duchess County, Mambrino stood for service on Long Island where he got Abdallah in 1822, and in Orange and Duchess Counties. He was sold several times at prices ranging from 200 to 250. The old time Long Island horseman, D. W. Jones, who had charge of Mambrino for a number of years, in a letter to John H. Wallace said, "I have been the breeder of some, and the owner of many good horses, and with the best of opportunities for judging, having ridden him (he was never driven) many, many miles, I say, with entire con- fidence, that he was the best gaited trotter I ever threw a leg over. His walk was free, flinging and elastic; his trot clear, square, and distinct, with a beautiful roll of the knee, and great reach of the hind leg." Of Mambrino's get, Mr. Jones also said that "when young they were somewhat leggy and lathy but spirited, stylish and slashing in action. When matured he must indeed be fastidious who would crave another." 91 Blood Line. for Reference ABDALLAH 1. Bay horse; foaled 1823. Died in 1854, aged 31 years. By MAMBRINO. 1st dam AMAZONIA. Abdallah was bred by John Treadwell of Jamaica, N. Y., and stood for service at various places on Long Island and in New Jersey until the fall of 1839. Isaac Snediker purchased him from his breeder in 1830, and sold him to John W. Hunt of Lexington, Ky., for 1,300. He sent him over the road to Lexington in the spring of 1840. Abdallah arrived in poor condition and after .making one season in Kentucky, not meeting with very much favor he was resold to parties in New York. Returning to that state, Abdallah passed several seasons on Long Island and in Orange County. While at Chester, Orange County, he was wintered by standing out in the bleak winds, exposed to the pelting storms of a Northern winter, by the side of a haystack within sight of the place where his renowned son, Hambletonian, spent his days and died full of years and crowned with honors. He was not popular in Orange County. His uncouth and rough appearance grew more homely and unattractive with age, and his ferocious temper caused him to be still more forbidding. It is evident that the kind of care he received greatly added to his lack of beauty, and if he secured any patronage it was from the high estimate they placed on his natural trotting power, and the blood of Messenger which he represented in so direct a line, coupled with the well-known excellence of his stock. After running entirely out of popular esteem in Orange County, he returned in 1849 to the city of New York, where he remained at Old Bull's Head, but did nothing. In 1850 he received sixteen mares, and in 1851 he was in Suffolk County on Long Island, but thenceforth he seemed to be without friends and patronage. He had already sur- vived his own usefullness and outlived popular esteem. He was taken to a remote place on the island and finally given to a farmer on condition that he should deal kindly with him for the remainder of his days. This farmer, concurring in the general estimate that all others seemed to have reached concerning the old horse, then above thirty years of age, sold the kind of trotting stallions to a fisherman for thirty-five dollars. The fisherman, concluding he was about old enough to lay aside regal honors and earn his living like other people and 92 Blood Lines for Reference horses, hitched him to his wagon, but the aged monarch, not willing to yield to the degradation, kicked the wagon to pieces, preferring to die of starvation rather than to submit to such menial servitude in the days of his decline. The frightened fisherman, not able to cope with such temper. left him to his fate, and as the solitary monarch of the sands he surveyed, he died of absolute starvation. Timothy T. Kissam, a nephew of the breeder of Abdallah, wrote the following description of the horse, as he appeared as a four-year-old: "Abdallah had a long, clean head; ear long and tapering; eyes lively and of medium size; neck light and set low on the withers; up carriage, and when in action, head perpendicular; shoulders upright; deep in girth; full chested; forelegs very wide apart, causing him to stand with his toes in; light bone, especially below the knees and hocks; knees little forward; flat-ribbed and short in flank; roached back; hip and loins medium breadth, peaked from hips to setting on of the tail, which was very thin-haired; long from hip to hock; rather thin quarters, and short to fetlocks, without any marks. At this time about four years old." Alden Goldsmith, the owner of Volunteer and a horseman with a national reputation, also wrote the following description of Abdallah as he appeared in his old age: "Abdallah was, in color, very dark bay, or bay brown; in height, 153/4 hands; rather leggy, with slim body. He had a clean, bony head, rather large, but his clear full eye made it very expressive. It was set on a long and very finely-formed neck, and this fine neck was joined to as high, thin and blood-like looking shoulders as ever was seen on a race-horse. His shoulders were very deep which gave him great heart room; he was what horsemen call flat-ribbed-hips very long and fair width; the muscles well set down toward the hock, but laid on flat, which, without careful examination, gave him the appear- ance of being light quartered. His tail was very thin and light, and high set; when in motion, he carried it high. When led out of his stall, he seemed to be all nerve and energy; his gait was long, low and sweeping; some would say he lacked knee-action, and that his hind legs were too straight to become the sire of great trotters. Although, taking him all in all, he was probably the most remarkable trotting sire ever produced on this continent, the breeders of Orange county rejected him, and he was taken away from the county because he would not pay expenses. The objection to him was, that his get were nervous and lacked "brain balance." I must mention one other feature about him, which was his ear: this was long, very thin and exceedingly sharp-a feature so marked in its shape as to stamp any ear of like form as being an "Abdallah ear." Abdallah was the greatest sire of trotters in his day. He lived at a time when a three-minute trotter had speed enough to go to the races and win if he had sufficient stamina to go two or three miie heats, when 93 94 Blood Lines for Reference a 2:40 horse was a wonder and 2:30 horse a champion. He began to attract attention as a sire of trotters in 1841, which no doubt accounted for his being brought back to New York from Kentucky. In that year the five-year-old mare Brooklyn Maid by him appeared and made a record of 2:38 in the sixth heat of a winning race, while he was also represented on the New York and Philadelphia tracks by Brandywine 2:36, Fourth of July 2:40, Ajax 2:402 and Hector 2:35. In addition to this Abdallah also sired such well-known old time trotters as Sir Walter 2:27, Alarm, alias O'Blennis 2:30, Frank Forrester, alias Ike Cook 2:30, J. M. White, alias Selim 2:32, Lady Blanche 2:43, Lady Fulton with a twenty-mile record of 59:55, Lady Salisbury 2:45, Tom Roach 2:34, Young Abdallah 2:372, Kate Smith 2:38 and the pacer Ben Higdon 2:27. He also sired the dams of many noted early day trotters, such as Goldsmith Maid 2:14, John W. Conley 2:24, Susie Parker 2:25, Lady Emma 2:26, Fanny Allen 2:28, Blonde 2:29Y2, Goldsmith Abdallah 2:30, etc. To the world at large, however, Abdallah is known best as the sire of Rysdyk's Hambletonian, the king of them all. This page in the original text is blank. ......... . Group of Hamburg Place Weanlings, showing Hamburg in foregroundd. He won over 100,000 and sold for 40,000 Blood Lines for Reference BELLFOUNDER (imp.). Foaled 1816. Bay. 15 hands. Owner and breeder: Roger Jary, Ashill and Harling, Norfolk, England. The American Hackney Stud Book, Vol. 1, Pages 24, 25 and 26 says: "The first English Hackney imported to this country-that is to say, the first of which there is any reliable record-was the stallion Bellfounder (Mr. Jary's), recorded in the English Hackney Stud Book under number 55, pedigree as follows: Sire Bellfounder (Stevens') 52, dam by Smuggler 789. Grandsire Pretender (Wroot's) 596, dam by Joseph Andrews. G. Grandsire Fireaway 201, dam Jenkinson's mare, by Joseph Andrews. G. G. Grandsire Driver 187, dam Foxhunter, son of Sampson. G. G. G. Grandsire Oriental Shales 699, the horse which is regarded as the earliest to which Norfolk Hackneys are traceable satis- factorily, his dam being regarded as a Hackney mare and the date of his birth as 1755. G. G. G. G. Grandsire Blaze (1733-1756), dam Confederate filly, by Grey Grantham, son of Brownlow Turk. G. G. G. G. G. Grandsire Flying Childers, by the Darley Arabian, and out of the mare Betty Leeds, a daughter of Careless, by Spanker, a son of D'Arcy Yellow Turk. Inup. Bellfounder was out of Mr. Jary's mare Velocity, said to be by Haphazard, a son of Sir Peter and Miss Hervey, by Eclipse. His grandam is described as a Yorkshire mare. The following is a copy of the stud card which was printed in England and sent to America with Bellfounder by his importer James Boot of Boston, Mass. It was given to Levi S. Gould of Boston by William Boutwell who was in the employ of Col. Jaques for four years and had charge of Bellfounder during that time. J. Drewry, Printer, Derby. BELLFOUNDER. The Wonderful Norfolk Trotter. Imported July 1822 from England. TO COVER this season, 1823 at 20 Dollars and -6- Shillings the Groom Money to be paid to the groom at covering. This celebrated Horse is a beautiful bright bay, with black legs, 7 years old, standing 15 hands high; his superior blood, symmetry, and action excel every other trotting stallion. He is allowed by the best 9.5 96 Blood Line. for Reference Judges in Norfolk to be the fastest and best bred Horse ever sent out of that County. He has proved himself a sure foal getter, and his Stock for size and substance are not to be surpassed; they are selling at the highest prices of any Horses in Norfolk. BELLFOUNDER was got by that well known fast and high formed Trotter Old Bellfounder, out of Velocity, by Haphazard, by Sir Peter, out of Miss Hervey, by Eclipse; grandam was of good North Country Blood, but not thoroughbred. Velocity, trotted on the Norwich road in 1806 sixteen miles in one hour, and tho' she broke 15 times into a gallop, and as often turned round, won her match. In 1808 she trotted Twenty-eight miles in one hour and 47 minutes, and has also done many other great performances against time. BELLFOUNDER at five years old trotted Two miles in Six minutes and in the following year was matched for 200 guineas to trot Nine miles in Thirty minutes, which he won easily by Twenty-two seconds. His Owner, shortly after challenged to perform with him Seventeen miles and a half in one hour but it was not accepted. He has since never been saddled or matched. Old Bellfounder was a true descendant from the original blood of the Fireaways, which breed of Horses stands unrivalled for the Saddle, either in this or any other nation. BELLFOUNDER is strongly recommended to the public, by Mr. S. Gooch, of Chelmsford, and by Mr. Woodfield, Moorfields, London. Stands at Sam]. Jaques Jr.'s Stable in Charleston, MIaass. Imported Bellfounder was, according to what seems to be indis- putable authority, purchased by Mr. James Boot, a Boston merchant, and shipped from Liverpool to Boston in the "Rasselas," Captain Jackson, arriving in this country July 11th, 1822; the custom house entry being sworn to by John W. Boot, brother of the importer, and the value of the horse, as per invoice, being stated at three hundred pounds sterling. The horse appears to have been taken charge of by Colonel Jaques, a resident of Charleston, Mass., and stood in this gentleman's stable from the year of importation to December, 1828. Col. Jaques is also reputed to have been the owner of a race horse called Whistle Jacket, also Sherman Morgan, Black Hawk, Columbus, an imported English dray horse and some others, besides a number of fine cattle, as a breeder of which Col. Jaques' reputation was national. In 1828, it is claimed Col. Jaques leased Bellfounder for five hundred dollars per annum and sent him to New York State, and the horse stood at the farm of Mr. Timothy T. Kissam, near Washingtonville, Orange county. This gentleman des- cribed Bellfounder as follows: "Imported Bellfounder had a small head and ears; full prominent eye and wide apart; neck medium length set well from the withers; shoulders deep and oblique; deep girth and full chested; fore legs well apart (not wide); short back, round ribbed and very broad in the loin; hips wide, and well gathered in; long, full quarters to hocks, and short to fetlocks; limbs strong and well muscled; broad and flat below the knees and hocks, pasterns rather short; concave hoofs and open heels; tail and mane full haired; and a large star in forehead, with a diamond shape This page in the original text is blank. Training Quarters at Hamburg Place. Blood Lines for Reference 97 on end of nose or lip; one hind pastern white, and a little white on the opposite fore foot at the heel; age in his teens." Mr. Alden Goldsmith, a prominent breeder and handler of horses who lived in the vicinity of Washingtonville, in describing Bellfounder speaks of the horse as standing "about fifteen and a quarter hands high. When brought out to exhibit his speed the horse seemed full of game and mettle, but very controllable. His knee action was very attractive and high, and when his groom would get on his back and give the horse his head, I know of but one horse that could approximate to him in speed this way rigged, which was the famous George M. Patchen. Bell- founder was remarkably honest; having seen him exhibited a number of times at full speed, I never saw him leave his feet. Hambletonian's dam was by this horse and her speed was very great, seldom equalled. Her colt by Abdallah was the famous Hambletonian, whose knee action was very much like that of his grandsire Bellfounder. His owner was always proud of his Bellfounder cross, and many good horsemen think him indebted to this cross for his mild and docile qualities. Let this be as it may, the combination certainly produced the most successful stallion of modern times." After leaving Boston, Bellfounder was kept on Long Island and in Orange and Duchess Counties, New York, the remainder of his life, and died on Long Island in 1843, having served in this country for about twenty years-the precise period that Messenger served after his impor- tation. Bellfounder is said to have been most prepotent, stamping his own color, form and external markings on his produce with wonderful force and uniformity. He left a numerous progeny and his descendants are traceable throughout New York and adjacent states. Mr. S. D. Harris, long editor of the Ohio Cultivator, is authority for the statement that the best of the carriage and light harness stock in Central Ohio all trace to imp. Bellfounder. This statement is substan- tiated by Mike and George Bowerman, natives of that State and famous there as horsemen, as has long been their reputation in Central Kentucky. From the Charles Kent Mare, a daughter of imp. Bellfounder, came Hambletonian 10, while from daughters of Sayer's Harry Clay and others of Bellfounder blood came Bodine, St. Julien, Gazelle, Sir Walter, Pros- pero, Reform, Dame Trot, Hogarth, Elaine and King Philip, and the greatest of all Electioneer. Lady Alport by Mambrino, dam by Tippoo Saib, second dam by Messenger, had two sons by Bellfounder, one of which was Brown's Ohio Bellfounder. Conqueror, the hundred mile trotter (8 hours, 56 minutes and 1 second), was inbred to imp. Bell- founder. He was sired by Latourette's Bellfounder, a son of Tremper's Bellfounder, he by imp. Bellfounder, while Conqueror's dam is also claimed to have been by imp. Bellfounder. (Continued on next page). 937 Blood Lines for Reference 98 Blood Lines for Reference THE DAM OF RYSDYK'S HAMBLETONIAN. John Minchin, one of the old school of New York horsemen, has given to the world many interesting facts and reminiscences concerning horses long since dead but whose blood has proven of great potency in the production of trotting speed. That Hambletonian 10 was much the greatest progenitor of trotting speed the world has ever seen is unquestione(J, and his blood through his descendants is at present so dominant in the breeding of the American trotter that without it prac- tically nothing would have been accomplished. Mr. 'Minchin contends that Harnbletonian derived his greatness and his power to propagate speed from his dam, the Charles Kent Mare, who was a daughter of imp. Bellfounder, and not from Abdallah, his sire. On this point Mlr. M1inchin makes a good argument, as after describing Abdallah as a six- teen-hand bay horse, with light mane and tail, cow hocked and with poor hind quarters, the horse being chiefly remarkable for great will power, he says: "Abdallah sired a great many colts, and many stallions by him were used all over the country. But he sired only one that had the power to transmit speed and that was Hambletonian. And why Simply be- cause they were not out of Bellfounder mares. Bellfounder, himself, was a trotter, the Charles Kent Mare was a trotter, and through her influence (and no other) we have the phenomenal time beater of the world. Again to prove more conclusively my claim for the superiority of the Bell- founder strain, take a look at the well known quitter in a race, Harry Clay, which was endowed with all the gift of that truly despised family. IlIe was by Cassius M. Clay, Jr., out of a Bellfounder mare also. And here again we are met by the potent influence of blood on his dam's side. The prepotent power of Harry Clay to transmit speed has beyond preadventure proved abortive in the paternal line, but in the maternal line his daughters have won the golden diadem of the harem. They, crossed with any strain, have astonished the world. Now, although Hambletonian and Harry Clay were both out of Bellfounder mares, yet Hambletonian's sons and daughters were endowed with the prepotency for speed, while there is quite a diversity in their transmitable abilities. Harry Clay could accomplish it only through his daughters. His sons threw back to the Clays. And though Harry Clay in a hippodrome with George MI. Patchen trotted a scratch mile in 2:29, he never could com- pare with his almost half-brother, Hambletonian, which never saw the day lie could beat three minutes, yet, as 1 said about the Clay mares, they became the potent factors in the production in the great American trotter. Still another, the dam of Belmont, by Alexander's Abdallah, was out of a mare by Brown's Bellfounder, a son of imp. Bellfounder, and Belmont produced not only trotters himself, but transmitted the ability to produce them also. Therefore, take it all in all, we are forced to the conclusion through his marked ability-it follows that through his dam, the Bellfounder or Charles Kent Mare, Hambletonian obtained readily and held easily the foremost rank as a trotting sire in America." All the maternal ancestors of the Charles Kent Mare have been described by the members of the Seely family by which they were owned for four generations. These descriptions show that about 1800 John Seely of Sugar Loaf, Orange County, New York, traded with George Deanmand for a mare called Jin Black. She was a large, strong, black mare with a bald face and two white feet. She was so spirited This page in the original text is blank. I - -, A Edward Madden jumping 5 feet 3 inches, at the age of fourteen, at Saratoga, New York, August, 1909. Blood Lines for Reference 99 and balky that Deanmand could not make her work but his neighbor soon got her under control and in addition to working her on his farm bred her to imported Messenger. In due time she foaled a light grey filly which, when she shed her coat had the same color and marks as her dam with the exception of a tuft of hair at the root of her tail. It was white; hence her name Silvertail. This mare was used on the farm and ridden to saddle. She frequently galloped a hundred miles in a day but was never know n as a trotter. In due time she was bred to Hambletonian, an inbred son of Messenger, and produced a bay or brown filly that was named One Eye. She was rather hard to manage, and one day in a fight to make her obey orders she had an eye knocked out, hence the name. One Eye had a ewe neck, carried her head very high, and when twenty years old stepped off with all the vigor of youth. Jonas Seely sold One Eye to his brother-in-law, Josiah Jackson, He took her to Dutchess County where she was bred to imported Bellfounder. The result of the mating was the filly that has gone into turf history as the Charles Kent Mare. She was foaled about 1833 and as a three-year-old Jackson sold her to Peter Seely for 300. She re- mained his property until the following year, when he sold her to Ebenezer Pray for 400. The next owner was a New York butcher named Chivers. She cost him 500 and he in turn sold her to a New York banker for 600 to match another for a fast road team. As a four-year-old and while owned by Peter Seely this mare also trotted a mile and repeat under saddle over the Union Course, Long Island in 2:43, 2:41, which was faster than any trotter her age had shown in public up to that time. The team ran away after a time and the Charles Kent Mare had one hip knocked down. It made her lame and unfit for the road. The banker sold her to Charles Kent. He bred her to Webber's Tom Thumb and the produce was the brown mare Belle, which in time became the dam of Green's Bashaw with one hundred and thirty descendants in the 2:30 list. Jonas Seely saw the mare while owned by Kent and finally in 1846 purchased her with her Tom Thumb filly for 135. She was very lame at the time of the transfer but Seely managed to get her home and raised two fillies from her before she was bred in 1848 to Abdallah, the last season he stood in Orange County. On May 5, 1849, she dropped a bay colt and that fall Jonas Seely sold the old mare and her colt to William M. Rysdyk for 125. The colt was Rysdyk's Hambletonian. The following is a complete list of the produce of the Charles Kent Mare: 1844, br. f., Belle, (dam of Green's Bashaw)..... by Tom Thumb. 1845, bl. c., (gelded) . ......... ............. by Tom Thumb. 1847, ch. f., (died at four years old) ............. by Abdallah. 1848, br. f., (died at four years old) ............. by Abdallah. 1849, b. c., Hambletonian ............ ......... by Abdallah. 1850, br. f., (went to Maryland) ....... .......... by Young Patriot. 1851, lost foal ................................... by Long Island Black Hawk. 1852, br. c., Tippoo Saib ........................ by Brook's Black Hawk. 1853, ch. c., (died young) ......... .............. by Fiddler. 1856, b. c., (gelded) ............................ by Plato. 1859, b. c ....................................... by Almack, son of Hamble- tonian. 100 Blood Lines for Reference HAMBLETONIAN 10. (Rysdyk's). Bay horse; foaled May 5, 1849. Bred by Jonas Seely, passed to William M. Rysdyk, Chester, N. Y. and died the property of his estate March 27, 1876, aged 27 years. By ABDALLAH 1. Abdallah was 25 years old when he sired Hambletonian 10. 1st dam CHARLES KEIN T MARE. . by imp. BELLFOUNDER. 2nd dam ONE EYE ................ by HAMBLETONIAN (Bishop's). 3rd dam SILVERTAIL ............ by imp. MESSENGER 4th dam JIN BLACK. Hambletonian 10's dam, the Charles Kent MIare, is the grandam of Green's Bashaw 50. HAMBLETONIAN (Bishop') bay horse; foaled 1814, died 1834. By imp. MESSENGER. 1st dam PHEASANT ............... by imp. SHARK. 2nd dam mare .................... by MEDLEY. Mr. David Bonner, of New York, who has been identified with the trotters for over half a century, wrote the following personal recollec- tions of Hambletonian as a personal favor for John E. Madden: In regard to Hambletonian 10, I would say that I first saw him in 1862 while on a visit to Newburgh, Orange Co., N. Y. I was driven by a young friend to Chester, the home of the old horse. I found 'Mr. Rysdyk at home, and he was pleased to show us Hambletonian. I liked him so well that on the following Saturday I took a young mare to Chester to be bred to him. From that time I became well acquainted with MTr. Rysdyk and his horse. I was first attracted to 1Iambletonian because he was a son of Abdallah. When a boy I had often listened to old-time trotting horsemen praise the get of Abdallah, such as Brooklyn Maid, Ajax, Fourth of July, Sir Walter, Lady Blanche, and others. At the time I refer to, Hambletonian had but little reputa- tion other than local. He was a grand horse to look upon. He was about 15.2, and possessed great power. His head was large, with This page in the original text is blank. Edward Madden jumping 5 feet 6 inches at the age of fifteen at Saratoga, August, 1910. Blood Lines for Reference 101 a fine, very full eye, so full in fact, that it was not necessary for him to turn his head to one side to see behind him. He had no such mule head as some pictures have represented him as having. His neck was rather short, withers somewhat low, fine back with broad loins, very full stifles, legs of ample bone, free from any fullness, and feet of good size, without any contraction. I have been asked how I could account for Hambletonian proving the founder of such a trotting family, when it was asserted that he had no speed himself. I know that he did have speed as I drove him a number of times myself. On one occasion his groom Harmon Showers was hitching him to a light wagon, when Mr. Rysdyk asked me if I would like to drive him. "Indeed I would," I replied. I drove him down the road about two miles. When I returned, Mr. Rysdyk was standing at the gate waiting for me. He called to the horse in a loud voice, "Take care, there." When the horse heard his voice, I could feel him raise the front wheels from the ground, and he showed a nice, square trotting gait, close to a 2:30 clip. When I came in Mr. Rysdyk assured me that the horse had not been driven faster than a slow jog in five years, proving to me that he was a natural trotter, and with his superior breeding enabled to transmit speed and become the founder of so great a family. At this time his fee was 25, and 35 to insure. Later Mr. Rysdyk raised this to 75, and I myself wrote for him advertise- ments for The Spirit of the Times at 100, then 300, and finally 500, at which figure it remained until his death, covering some eighteen years in all. I was told by Mr. Seeley C. Roe, who owned Abdallah Chief, that he and Mr. Rysdyk after a Horse Show given by the American Institute held on Third Avenue, New York, N. Y. in 1852, took Hambletonian and Abdallah Chief over to the Union Course on Long Island to work themr for a couple of days. While there they started their horses together for a mile, and Hambletonian won in 3:03. Then Mr. Roe brought out Abdallah Chief alone, and drove him in 2:55. Again Mr. Rysdyk brought Hambletonian out alone, and he trotted the mile in 2:48 2, which was very fast for a three-year-old in 1852. After this performance Mr. Rysdyk refused 5,000 for his colt. A few years ago, Mr. Albert C. Hall set out to get a faithful portrait of Hambletonian, and secured Miss E. Leone Seavey, the noted horse artist, to assist in the work. Miss Seavey sketched the horse from all available data and the sketch was taken to Orange County, where Guy Miller (who had charge of Hambletonian for a term of years) went over the sketch in every detail and made many changes. Another sketch was made and taken to Mr. Miller and myself for criticism. Several changes were again made and from the next sketch Miss Seavey painted Hambletonian. I am pleased to state both Guy Miller and myself have pronounced it "by far and away" the most perfect likeness of Hambletonian, in his prime, ever made. 102 Blood Lines for Reference ABDALLAH 15. (Alexander's). Sire of Goldsmith -Maid 2:14, Rosalind 2:21Y4, Thorndale 2:22X, Major Edsall 2:29, and St. Elmo 2:30. His sons sired Fanny Witherspoon 2:16,1, Piedmont 2:17, Robert McGregor 2:17Y2, Nutwood 2:18314 and 152 others in 2:30, while his daughters pro- duced Favonia 2:15, Jerome Eddy 2:162, Conway 2:18, King Jim 2:20 and 39 others in 2:30 or better. Bay horse; foaled 1852. Bred by L. J. Sutton, Warwick, Orange County, N. Y., taken to Ken- tucky in 1859; stood in Harrison County, Kentucky, in 1859, 1860, 1861 and 1862, then kept at R. A. Alexander's Woodburn Farm until February 2nd, 1865. Died at Lawrenceburg, Ky., Feb. 7, 1865. By HAMBLETONIAN 10. (Rysdyk's). 1st dam KATE DARLING. In the Summer of 1851, Katy Darling was bred to William Ml Rysdyk's two-year-old colt that afterwards became the celebrated Hambletonian, and on September 22, 1852, she foaled a bay colt with one hind foot white. The colt showed so much natural speed that he soon became the talk of the neighborhood and was finally sold for 500 to Hlezekiah Hoyt and Major Edsall when one year and five months old. This colt was first called Edsall's Hambletonian. As a four-year-old he sired the filly which became famous as Goldsmith M\aid 2:14. When seven he was sold to Joseph Love of Cynthiana, Ky., for 3,000, and was taken to that place in March 1859. He made four seasons there and in the fall of 1862 he was again sold to R. A. Alexander for Woodburn Farm, Spring Station, Ky., for the horse Forest Temple and 2,000. After passing to Woodburn Farm, this horse's name was changed to Alexander's Abdallah. He made two seasons there and during them sired Almont, Thorndale 2:22, Rosalind 2:214, Major Edsall 2:29, St. Elmo 2:30, Belmont, Abdallah Pilot and others which have become famous as sires or producers of speed. Katy Darling, the dam of Alexander's Abdallah, was bred in the vicinity of New York City. Nothing is known of her breeding. She first attracted attention on the road by the speed she showed on a trot. She wvas among the leaders until she met with an accident which resulted in a broken or dislocated ankle. Katy Darling was a wiry little mare, standing about fifteen and a quarter hands, and those who This page in the original text is blank. Edward Madden jumping over his roadster, Director Rean 2:13.14 by Director 2:I7, dam Annorean 2:26vi by Cyclone. Blood Lines for Reference 103 were familiar with her road qualities told Lewis J. Sutton of Warwick, N. Y., on one of his visits to New York City about her and suggested that he take her home and use her for a brood mare. Acting upon the advice of his friends, he took her to Warwick and after nature had in a measure repaired the injury, Katy Darling, although a cripple, won a few small races and showed her ability to trot in about three minutes. The last chapter of Alexander's Abdallah's career is very sad. On February 2, 1865, about 6 p. m. a band of guerrillas under Marion visited Woodburn and took several horses, Bay Chief and Alexander's Abdallah being among them. The following morning they were attacked by Federal troops. The guerrillas were routed and the horses recaptured. Bay Chief was shot in several places during the fight and died in about ten days. Abdallah was seized by a Federal officer, who refused to release him. He was unshod and in no condition for hard service. -Notwithstanding this, the officer rode him nearly fifty miles that day, and when he became exhausted turned him loose on the highway. He was found the next day and taken to Lawrenceburg, Ky, where he was seized with pneumonia and died. Blood Lines for Reference HAPPY MEDIUM 400. Record 2:32Y2. Sire of Nancy Hanks .............. 2:04 Maxey Cobb ............... 2:134 (World's champion). (Ex-champion stallion). Riley Medium ... 2:102 Falkland.2:13 and 95 others in .......... 2:30 Ills sons have sired 454 with records of 2:30 or better, including Peter the Great 2:07, winner of the Kentucky Futurity and a sire of Futurity winners, while his daughters have produced 155 in 2:30, includ- ing Admiral Dewey 2:043/4, Lord Roberts 2:07, Halrane 2:10, Nancy McKerron 2:102, Sister Alice 2:10 and Stam B. 2:11. Bay horse; foaled 1863. Bred by R. F. Galloway, Suffern, N. Y., passed to Robert Steel, Philadelphia, in 1871, then to William T. Withers, Lexington, Ky., September, 1879. Died at Lexington, Ky., January, 1888. By HAMBLETONIAN 10. (Rysdyk's). 1st dam PRINCESS ................. by HAMBLETONIAN. Record 2:30. (Andrus'). 2nd dam ISAIAH WILCOX MARE..by ENGINEER (Burdick's). Hambletonian (Andrus'), brown horse, foaled about 1840, by Jud- son's Hambletonian; dam not traced. Hambletonian (Judson's), brown horse, foaled 1821, by Bishop's Hambletonian, alias Hamiltonian. 1st dam, by Magnum Bonum (Wells').. Hambletonian, alias Hamiltonian (Bishop's), bay horse, foaled 1804, by imp. Messenger. 1st dam Pheasant, by Shark. 2nd dam mare, by Medley. Engineer (Burdick's), by Engineer, son of imp. Messenger. 104 This page in the original text is blank. "!Joel, Robert McGregor 2:17 . sire of Cresceus 2:02 - J. E. Madden paid 35,000.00 for him, and was half owner of the horse when he sired Cresceus. Blood Lines for Reference ROBERT McGREGOR 647. Record 2:17X. Cresceus ................ 2:02 4 (World's champion trotting stallion from 1900 to 1910). McDougall . ............ 2:10 Nyanza . .............. 2:12Y34 Mfiss McGregor . .......... 2:13 Bonnie McGregor .......... 2:13V2 and 100 others re of Kentucky Star .............. 2:08t'4 Dartmore .................. 2:11 1, Lurline McGregor .......... 2:114,j Marl ............. ..... 2:12 Roxane .................... 2:123i Wynema ...................2:13 Count Robert .............. 2:13 2 in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of 201 in 2:30, including Jay McGregor 2:07, (sire of Shakespeare (3) 2:093,4 and the dam of Colorado E. (world's champion three-year-old trotter 2:0434), Grattan Boy 2:08 (sire of 14 in 2:30), Elloree 2:08V2, York Boy 2:0834, Blizzard 2:092, Gulvallis Directurn (4-year-old) 2:0934, Kent 2:0934/, and Free Advice 2:10. Grandsire of Cheery Lass 2:0334, My Star 2:0334, Planet 2:0434, Snyder McGregor 2:05d4, Hymettus 2:07, Bald Hornet 2:07, Miss Cappy 2:0734, Bay Star 2:08, Donna McGregor 2:08'4, Robert Mac 2:08X4, Crescent Route 2:08-Y4, Queen McGregor 2:0834, Robbie B. McGregor 2:09, Helen Stiles 2:0934, and 158 others in 2:30 or better. Chestnut horse; foaled 1871. Bred by Samuel Whitman, Chester, N. Y., passed in 1873 to R. I. Lee, Topeka, Kan., then in 1890 to J. E. Madden, who paid Lee 35,000 for the horse. He sold an interest in him to W. E. Spier, Glens Falls, N. Y., and later bought back Spier's interest and sold a half interest in the horse to George H. Ketchem, Toledo, Ohio. J. E. Madden owned a half interest in Robert McGregor when he sired Cresceus 2:02 and while the horse was owned by Madden and Ketchem he was leased for stud services by L. V. Harkness, Walnut Hall Stock Farm in 1895, and all of the highly prized McGregor brood mares now at that famous place were sired by him during his services there as a leased stallion. Died November 11, 1898. (Continued on next page). 10)o Blood Lines for Reference By MAJOR EDSALL 211. Record 2:29. 1st dam NANCY WHITMAN.... by AMERICAN STAR 14. Dam of Madeline ........ 2:23/4 (Seely's). 2nd dam NANCY ................ by YOUNG MESSENGER DUROC. Dam of Nancy Whitman ..2:30 (Durland's). American Star 14 (Seely's), by a horse also called American Star. 1st dam Sally Slouch, by Henry, thoroughbred, son of American Eclipse. 2nd dam mare, by imp. Messenger, thoroughbred. American Star 14 sired 4 trotters in 2:30 or better. He has no pacer in the 2:30 list. Thirty-five of his daughters are the dams of 43 trotters. Not one of them has a pacer in the list. Young Messenger Duroc (Durland's), by Messenger Duroc (Lawrence), son of Sir Duroc, thoroughbred, by Sir Archy. Messenger Duroc (Lawrence) was out of a mare by a horse called Messenger, a son of imp. Messenger, thoroughbred. Major Edsall 211, record 2:29, by Abdallah 15. Ist dam mare, by Hambletonian 2 (Harris'), son of Bishop's Hambletonian, he by imp. Messenger. Hambletonian 2 (Harris'), son of Bishop's Hambletonian. 1st dam Munson Mare, said to be by imp. Messenger. 106 This page in the original text is blank. Caricatures just before the running of the Futurity in 1908, New York Evening World, Aug. 29, 1908. Blood Lines for Reference GEO. WILKES 519. Record 2:22. Brown horse; foaled 1856. Bred by Colonel Felter, Newburg, N. Y., then passed toV W. L. Simmons. Died near Lexington, Ky., in 1882, aged 26 years. By HAMBLETONIAN 10. (Rysdyk's) Ist darn DOLLY SPANKER. No better evidence of the good breeding of this mare can be given than the success of her only foal. George Wilkes sired 72 trotters and 11 pacers with records of 2:30 or better. Grandsire of 3123 in 2:30 or better. His daughters have produced 206 in 2:30 or better. George Wilkes sired the following out of mares by Mambrino Patchen 58: Guy Wilkes ........ 2:15...Darn Lady Bunker. Baron Wilkes ....... 2:18 ... " Belle Patchen. Rosa Wilkes ........ 2:18... Black Jane. Alcantara .......... 2:23 " Alma Mater. Wilkes Boy ........ 2:24/2... " Betty Brown. Alcyone ............ 2:27 " Alma Mater. Simmons .....2:28 " Black Jane. Patchen Wilkes .... 2:29/... " Kitty Patchen. William L. 4244... " Lady Bunker. Best out of other mares: Harry Wilkes ...... 2:13/ ... Darn Molly Walker, by Capt. Walker. Brignoli Wilkes .. -2:14... " Patsey, by Brignoli 77. Bud Crooke ........ 2:15... " Lucy Brinker, by Brinker's Drennon. Mike Wilkes ....... 2:153/4... " Nelly B., by Harry B. Patchen. (Continued on next page). 107 Blood Lines for Reference Wilcox ............. 2:16/4.. Wilson .2:16/. So So ............. 2:17/... Joe Bunker ........ 2:19... Wilton ... ... 2:19/4... Flora Wilkes ....2:19/2... Albert France ...... 2:20/4... Lumps .... .. 2:21 ... Ambassador ....:2:21... Kentucky Wilkes.. .2:21/4... Early Dawn ....... 2:21... Brown Wilkes ... 2:21 ... Gen. Wilkes ...... 2:213/4... King Wilkes ..... 2:22... Gambetta Wilkes... 2:222.. . Favorite Wilkes.... 2:24/2... Onward.2:25.. Jay Bird . . 2:3134... Bourbon Wilkes 2345........ Red Wilkes.. 2:40 ... Young Jim 2009............ Dam Lucy, by Red Hawk. Miss Coons, by Clark Chief 89. Little Ida, by Edwin Forrest 49. Lady Dunn, by American Star 14. Alley, by Hambletonian 10. Grey Fanny, by Conscript. Alley, by Hambletonian 10. Mother Lumps, by Pearsall 243. Lady Carr, by American Clay 34. Minna, by Red Jacket. Lady Frank, by Mambrino Star 585. Jenny Irving, by Henry B. Pat'n 163. Grace Goodman, by Peacock Missie, by Brignoli 77. Jewell, by Vermont 104. Favorite, by Abdallah 15. Dolly, by Mambrino Chief 11. Lady Frank, by Mambrino Star 585. Favorite, by Abdallah 15. " Queen Dido, by Mambrino Chief 11. Lear Mare, by Lear's Sir William. His descendants include Dan Patch ................. 1:554 Audubon Boy .............. 1:59 Minor Heir ............... 1:582John R. Gentry. 2:00O2 Copa de Oro .............. 1:59 Ross K. 2:01 Dariel. .............. 2:00 Bolivar......2:003/4 The Broncho .............. 2:003/4 Anaconda .2:013/4 Hamburg Belle ............ 2:01 Coney....o n2:02 Joe Patchen .............. 2:01 Sweet Marie .2:02 Ecstatic.............. 2:013/4George Gano . 2:02 Locanda.............. 2:02 Gratt.2:02 The Eel .. .............. 2:02/4 John M .2:02/4 Giftline .................... 2:02 Pan Michael ............... 2:03 108 This page in the original text is blank. WILTON 2:191. His sire and dam were by Hambletonian 1O. He has proved a great brood mare sire. Blood Lines for Reference WILTON 5982. Record 2:19. Sire of Eudora......... 2:05 Will Leyburn ......... 2:06 Willie Benton . ...... 2:05 Vera Capel .. ......... 2:07V2 Bessie Wilton . ......... 2:09/4 Dorothy Wilton ............ 2:09 Moquette . . ........ 2:10 Brownie Wilton ........... 2:10 Rubber . . ........ 2:10Earl Wilton ............. 2:11 and 129 others in 2:30 or better. Wilton's daughters have produced The Plunger 2:07X2, Siliko 2:08 3-10, Gayton 2:08, Peter W. 2:08Y2, Dorothy Redmond 2:09, Lady Thisbe 2:114, and 70 others in 2:30 or better. His sons have sired 141 in 2:30 or better, including Laura Bellini 2:044, Roamer 2:05, Clinton B. 2:08, Princess Moquette 2:082, Bessie Drake 2:084 and Fred Wilton 2:09'4. Wiltwood 2:2932, a son of Wilton, is the sire of the dam of Susie N., three-year-old record 2:09. Brown horse; foaled 1880. Bred by W. L. Simmons, Lexington, Ky., passed to R. G. Stoner, Paris, Ky., then to W. C. France, Lexington, and then to Bowerman Bros., Lexington, Ky. Died August 29, 1903. By GEORGE WILKES 519. Record 2:22. 1st dam ALLEY (Lady Simmons)..by HAMBLETONIAN 10. Dam of Albert France 2:20, (Rysdyk's). Alley Russell 2:224 and Hark- away 2875, sire of 6 in 2:30. 2nd dam LADY GRISWOLD ...... by FLYING MORGAN. Dam of Kent 5560, sire of 11 in 2:30. Flying Morgan, by the Hackett Horse, son of Gifford Morgan, by Wood- bury Morgan. Flying Morgan was bred and owned by R. M. Adams, Burlington, Vt. 109 110 Blood Lines for Reference ELECTIONEER 125. An injury as a young horse was all that kept him from taking a record as he frequently trotted quarters to wagon in 35 seconds at Palo Alto. Sire of Arion (a champion) ....... 2:074 Sunol (a champion) ........ 2:084 Palo Alto (a champion) .... 2:084 Alta Vela .................. 2:1114 Helena..................... 2:11 Peko.. 2:11Y and 154 others in 2:30 or better, 29 of which were out of thoroughbred mares. His sons have sired 1759 2:30 performers, including Major Delmar (a champion) 1:593,4, Adbell (a champion yearling) 2:23, The Abbot (a champion) 2:03, Azote 2:044, The Monk 2:05Y4, Fantasy (a champion), 2:06, Bingen 2:06, W. J. Lewis 2:06, Egozen 2:06, and Lord Roberts 2:07. His daughters have produced 176 performers in 2:30 or better, including Klatawah (a champion) 2:05, Dolly Dillon 2:064, Baron May 2:07', Lisonjero 2:08, Esther Bells 2:08, Wild Bell 2:08, Orlean 2:092, Cavaliero 2:09/2 and Crafty 2:09. His descendants include Uhlan (world record in the open) 1:58, The Harvester (Kentucky Futurity, Charter Oak and World's cham- pion trotting stallion) 2:01, two miles 4:15; Citation 2:014, Pan Michael 2:03, Lady of the Manor (a champion) 2:04, Admiral Dewey 2:0434, General H. (Charter Oak) 2:04Y4, George G. 2:054, John Ward 2:05Y4, Bob Douglass (Hartford Futurity) 2:04, Sadie Mac (Kentucky Futurity) 2:06/4, Tommy Britton 2:062, Boralma (Kentucky Futurity and Transylvania) 2:07, Charley Herr 2:07, The Leading Lady (a cham- pion) 2:07, Fleming Boy 2:0712, Kentucky Todd (Kentucky Futurity) 2:084, etc. Bay horse; foaled 1868. Bred by Charles Backman, Stony Ford, N. Y., then passed to Senator Leland Stanford, Palo Alto Stud, Menlo Park, Cal. Died December 3, 1890. By HAMBLETONIAN 10. (Rysdyk's). 1st dam GREEN MOUNTAIN MAID by HARRY CLAY 45. Dam of 9 in 2:30, and the sires of 213 performers in 2:30 or better, while her daughters have produced 10 trotters in 2:30. 2nd dam SHANGHAI MARY. Third dam of Elire 2:29, the sire of Emboy 2:08. This page in the original text is blank. ADBELL. A champion and Sire of Futurity W'inners. J. E. Madden paid 10,000.00 for him. Blood Lines for Reference ADBELL 33609. Record 2:23. World's Champion Yearling Trotter from 1894 to 1909. Sire of Miss Adbell 2:06y4(winner of the Hartford Pacing Futurity), Miss Adbell 2:0934 (winner of the Kentucky Futurity), Rowellan 2:094, Annabel Lee 2:11V4, Isabel 2:12X2 and 39 others in 2:30 or better. Bred at Palo Alto Farm, Menlo Park, Cal., passed to W. E. Spier, Glens Falls, N. Y., and then passed to J. E. Madden, Hamburg Place. Died, October 8, 1902. By ADVERTISER 17542. Record 2:15. 1st darn BEAUTIFUL BELLS.....by THE MOOR 870. Record 2:29Y2. Record 2:37. Dam of 11 trotters in the 2:30 list. 2nd damn MINNEHAHA...........by STEVEN'S BALD CHIEF. Dam of 8 trotters in the 2:30 list. 3rd darn NETTIE CLAY ........... by CASSIUS M. CLAY, JR. 22. 4th dam COL. MORGAN MARE. . by ABDALLAH 1. 5th dam mare .................... by ENGINEER 2d 3. Advertiser 17542, record 2:154. By Electioneer 125. 1st dam Lula Wilkes (dam of 5 in 2:30), by George Wilkes 519, record 2:22 2nd dam Lula 2:15, by Alexander's Norman 25, son of Morse Horse 6. 3rd dam Kate Crocket, by imp. Hooton, thoroughbred. Steven's Bald Chief, by Alexander's Bay Chief, son of Mambrino Chief 11. 1st dam mare, by Hunt's Commodore, son of Mambrino, by imp. Messenger. 2nd dam mare, by Hunt's Brown Highlander. The Moor 870, by Clay Pilot 93, son of Cassius M. Clay 18, 1st dam Belle of Wabash 2:40, by Young Bassinger, son of Lieu- tenant Bassinger. 2nd dam mare, by imp. William IV. 3rd dam Mary Punch, by Marylander. Cassius M. Clay, Jr. 22, record 2:35. By Cassius M. Clay 18. 1st dam mare, by Abdallah 1. Abdallah 1, son of Mambrino. 1st dam Amazonia. Engineer 2nd. 3, sire of Lady Suffolk 2:29 to saddle 2:26, two miles 4:59, three miles 7:401/2, four miles 11:15. He was a grandson of imp. Messenger. 111 Blood Lines for Reference BINGARA 34707. Bred by J. Malcolm Forbes, Boston, Mass., owned by William Russell Allen, Allen Farm, Pittsfield, Mass. Sire of Binvolo 2:0954, winner of the Lexington and Kentucky Stakes. Bisa 2:10, second in Kentucky Futurity and Kentucky Stakes to Gen. Watts 2:0634 and timed separately in 2:08Y4, 2:09/2. And 22 others in 2:30 or better. Brown horse; foaled 1901. By BINGEN 29567. Record 2:0654. 1st dam LIGERA ................. by ARION 18000. Record 2:27Y4. Record 2:07Y4. 2nd dam OLLIE X ................. by KING WILKES 1867. Record 2:1234. Record 2:2254. Dam of Sire of Queensland....... 2:19 Rilma .. ............. 2:09 Felista, damof Sclavonic ... 2:09Y4 Border Knight ......... 2:1234 and 23 others in .......... 2:30 3rd dam CHISSILA ............... by CHICHESTER 6247. Dam of Sire of Ollie K....... 2:12Y4 Saxon ..... 2:11 /: Gypsy Boy ........ 2:2654 Robert J... 2:1134 4th dam CHINCHILLA ............ by HAROLD 413. 5th dam mare ...................... by NORMAN 25. 6th dam mare ...................... by GRAY EAGLE. 7th dam mare ...................... by BLACKBURN'S WHIP. Arion 18000, record 2:0734, by Electioneer 125; 1st dam Manette (dam of 4 in 2:30), by Nutwood 600; 2nd dam Emblem (grandam of Flying Jib 2:04), by Tattler 300; 3rd dam Young Portia (dam of Voltaire 2:20), by MIambrino Chief 11; 4th dam Portia, by McCracken's Roebuck; 5th dam, by Blackburn's Whip. King Wilkes 1867, record 2:22, by George Wilkes 519; 1st dam Missie (dam of Cascarilla 2:252), by Brignoli 77; 2nd dam Brant Mare. Chichester 624, record 2:252, by Harold 413; 1st dam Rosebush, by Woodford Mambrino 345; 2nd dam Primrose (dam of 6 in 2:30), by Alexander's Abdallah 15; 3rd dam Black Rose, by Tom Teemer. Harold 413, by Hambletonian 10; 1st dam Enchantress (dam of Black Maria 2:302), by Abdallah 1. Norman 25, by Morse Horse 6; 1st dam Slocum Mare, by Magnum Bonuni. 112 This page in the original text is blank. BINGARA 34707. By Bingen out of an Arion Mare. Owned by Allen Farm, Pittsfield, Mass. 4 a t I I J At 6 , A , I 1I 1 oi! This page in the original text is blank. Blood Lines for Reference HARRY CLAY 45. Record 2:29. Sire of Clayton .................... 2:19 Shawmut .................................... 2:26 Surprise......... 2:26 Edwin Clay ......... 2:28V2 He sired the dams of 'Masetto 2:085/4, Harrietta 2:0934, St. Julien (a champion) 2:11, Bellini 2:13 (sire of 8 in 2:10), Russell T. 2:14, Dredge 2:14V2, and 44 others in 2:30 or better. One of his daugh- ters, Green Mountain Maid, produced 9 performers in 2:30, as well as the celebrated sire Electioneer 125. Jenny Clay, another daughter, is the dam of Silent Brook 2:16X2, sire of Billy Burke (4) 2:06, Silent Brigade (2) 2:104, etc. His sons have 49 performers in the 2:30 list. Black horse; foaled 1853. Bred by Mvlrs. Cooper, Wantage, New Jersey, passed to D. Sayre; then to Erastus Corning; then to J. D. Willis, Orange County, New York. Died April 6, 1887. By CASSIUS M. CLAY, JR. 20. 1st dam FAN ............ ......... by imp. BELLFOUNDER. Sister to Crabtree Bellfounder. 2nd dam CRABTREE MARE. Cassius M. Clay, Jr., 20 (Neaves') (sire of 4 in 2:30 and great-great grandsire of Saladin 2:054, Stamboul 2:072, etc.), son of Cassius M. Clay 18 (sire of George M. Patchen 2:232), by Henry Clay 8. 1st dam Mitchell Mare, by Chancellor, son of Mlambrino. 2nd dam mare, by Engineer 2nd., 3, sire of Lady Suffolk 2:299. Cassius M. Clay 18 was a son of Henry Clay 8, he by Andrew Jackson 4, son of Young Bashaw, by Grand Bashaw. lst dam Jersey Kate, dam of John Anderson, record 2:41 made in 1845. Cassius M. Clay 18 was bred by Mr. Oliver, of Brooklyn, N. Y., who sold him to George M. Patchen, of the same place, in whose hands he stood at the head of the list of trotting stallions. He was foaled in 1843 and died in 1852. He got George M. Patchen 2:23X, the champion stallion from 1859-1868, when he was 6 years old. 113 Blood Lines for Reference CRITTENDEN 433. Sire of Jean Val Jean 2:14, Courier 2:15, and 11 others in 2:30 or better. Sire of the dams of Bessie Bonehill 2:05Y4, Governor Francis 2:08, Belle Colley 2:09, Talpa 2:094, Cut Glass 2:10', J. N. Blake- more 2:11, Gracie Onward (4-year-old) 2:12, Killona (3- year-old) 2:14, and 32 others in 2:30 or better. Crit- tenden is also the sire of Crystal, the grandam of Billy Burke (4-year-old) 2:064. Bay horse; foaled 1871. Bred by Col. R. S. Strader, then of Boone County, Kentucky, later of Lexington, Ky. Died July 12, 1888. By CASSIUS M. CLAY, JR. 22. 1st dam FLORA .................. by PILOT JR. 12. 2nd dam MARY ................... by MONMOUTH ECLIPSE. Dam of Dick Moore 2:22X. 3rd dam mare ..................... by BERTRAND. 4th dam mare ..................... by KOSCIUSKO. Thoroughbred, son of Sir Archy. Cassius M. Clay, Jr. 22 (Strader's) by Cassius M. Clay 18 (sire of George M. Patchen 2:23y2), son of Henry Clay 8, by Andrew Jackson 4. 1st dam mare, by Abdallah 1. 2nd dam mare, by Lawrence's Eclipse. 3rd dam Charles Hadley Mare, by imp. Messenger. Pilot, Jr. 12, by Old Pilot, a Canadian pacer by tradition. 1st dam Nancy Pope, by Havoc, thoroughbred. 2nd dam Nancy Taylor, by Alfred, thoroughbred. Monmouth Eclipse, thoroughbred, by American Eclipse. 1st dam Honesty, by imp. Expedition. 2nd dam Zelipha, by imp. Messenger. 3rd dam Dido, by imp. Bay Richmond. 4th dam Old Slammerkin, by imp. Wildair. 114 This page in the original text is blank. Edward and Joseph Madden returning from the hunt. Blood Lines for Reference JUSTIN MORGAN. His pedigree is taken from the Morgan Horse Register, published by Joseph Battell, Middlebury, Vt. Bay horse; foaled 1789. Died in 1821. By TRUE BRITON. (Also called Beautiful Bay and Traveler). 1st dam mare ..... ....... by DIAMOND. Son of Church's Wildair, by imp. Wildair. 2nd dam mare .. ............ by SPORTSMAN. Son of Arabian Ranger. True Briton, son of Lloyd's Traveler. 1st dam Betty Leeds, by Babraham, son of Godolphin Arabian. 2nd dam mare, by Bolton Starling, son of Bay Bolton. 3rd dam mare, by Godolphin Arabian. 4th dam mare, by Childers. Lloyd's Traveler, son of Morton's imp. Traveler, son of Croft's Partner, by Jig. 1st dam imp. Jenny Cameron, by Quiet Cuddy, son of Fox. 2nd dam Miss Belvoir, by Gray Grantham. 3rd dam mare, by Paget Turk. 4th dam Betty Percival, by Leedes' Arabian. 5th dam mare, by Spanker. Church's Wildair was out of Burt's Wildair Mare. Imp. Wildair, son of Cade. 1st dam mare, by Steady. 2nd dam mare, by Partner. 3rd dam mare, by Greyhound. 4th dam Chestnut Layton, by Makeless. 5th dam Bay Layton, by Counsellor. 6th dam mare, by Brimmer. 7th dam mare, by Place's White Turk. Moreton's imp. Traveller was out of Bay Bloody Buttocks, by Arabian Blood Buttocks; 2nd dam mare, by Greyhound; 3rd dam mare, by Makeless; 4th dam mare, by Brimmer; 5th dam mare, by Place's White Turk; 6th dam mare, by Dodsworth; 7th dam the Layton Barb mare. Croft's Partner was out of a daughter of Curwen's Bay Barb. Quiet Cuddy was out of a daughter of Castaway. Jigg was the sire of the famous Partner. 115 116 Blood Lines for Reference THE ORLOFF TROTTER. Count Alexis Orloff-Tchestmensky, the original breeder of this famous type of the harness horse, begun his experiments along this line by mating the original pure-blooded Arabian stallion Smetanka with a large-boned Danish mare, thus producing the horse Polkan 1st, of a larger frame than his sire. This Polkan was mated with a muscular Dutch mare (which breed at that time had a reputation for its trotting qualities) and the produce of this union was Barss 1st, a horse described "as possessing powerful muscles and an elegant trotter," and from him the whole Orloff type originated. Count Tchestmensky regarded the ideal Arabian the most complete and perfect type of horse of that day, but he started out to adapt it to the requirements of European life by increasing the volume of its body, strengthening its muscles and covering it with a heavier coat against the rigors of the climate, at the same time trying to retain its general beauty, nobleness, force and energy. Having attained this result, Count Tchestmensky proceeded to improve the breed by making the shape of the horse nobler, leaner and with more rounded parts, by an admixture of English or more Arabian blood. In this way he produced Dobry, Lubenzy, and Lebed 1st, from which trio have sprung nearly all the so-called Orloff trotters. The pedigree of Barss 1st, as given by Count Alexis Orloff-Tchestmensky, will be found below: BARSS 1ST. Foaled 1784. Died 1808. By POLKAN. 1st dam imp. DUTCH MARE. Polkan was foaled 1778 and died 1793. He was by Smetanka, an Arabian stallion. 1st dam imp. Danish Mare. Dobry, Lebed 1st and Lubezny were all sons of Barss 1st. Note.-Extracts from a pamphlet, "Russian Horses," by Capt. Theo. Ismailoff. This page in the original text is blank. ROBERT BONNER Was born in Londonderry, Ireland, April 28, 1824, and came to the United States when 15 years old. He entered the printing office of the Hartford Courant, and quickly mastered the art which is preserva- tive of all arts. In 1844, he changed his residence to New York and founded the New York Ledger. He made a phenomenal success of this publicaticn and accumulated a fortune. He was a strict church- man and his philanthropic work cost him 1,000.000. He was unique as a horseman. He paid the highest prices for trotters and never permitted one of them to start in a public race. In the language of HonT. George M. Stearns, he "demonstrated conspicuously that a man may be a gentleman, a Christian and a horseman". The example of Mr. Bonner had an uplifting influence upon the trotting turf and greatly stimulated breeding. He paid 35,000 for Dexter, king of the trotting turf, with a record of 2:17 14: 36,000 for Pocahontas; 36,000 for Rarus 2:13 4; 40,000 for Maud S. 2:083/4, and 41,000 for Sunol - :08' 4. The two later improved their records while owned by him. The horses purchased by him for road driving cost over 600,000, and his breeding venture swelled the expense of his magnificent stable to 1.000,000. Mr Bonner was a great student of the foot of the horse and his knowledge on this subject was not matched by that of any man living cr dead. Robert-Bonner died July 6. 1899, and was buried at Greenwocd This page in the original text is blank. IN cYk4EMORIAM M This page in the original text is blank. CHAMPION MARES. IItsi:iI'rg U ltic't 2: 01 l . rite Iakwk Whirlvind. Narcy HIanks 2:04. i Imp. Thoroughbred.) In Memoriam 119 HAMBURG BELLE. Died at Thomasville, Georgia, November 10, 1909. Record 2:01 made in a first heat of a winning race. Holder of world's record for the fastest two heats in a race 2:01, 2:0134. Holder of the world's record for the fastest three heats in a race 2:05, 2:06, 2:0434. Sold from Hamburg Place for 50,000, world's record price for a trotting mare. Bay mare; foaled 1902. Bred in New York, foaled at Hamburg Place and educated in Connecticut. By AXWORTHY 24845. Three-year-old record 2:154. Sire of Hamburg Belle ............ 2:01V4 (World's race record). Hailworthy ................ 2:05 Tom Axworthy ............ 2:07 (as a 5-year-old). Alta Axworthy ............ 2:10 (as a 3-year-old). Gen. Watts ................. 2:06 4 (as a 3-year-old). Guy Axworthy ............. 2:08/4 (as a 4-year-old). Jack Axworthy ............ 2:15 (as a 2-year-old). and 68 others in 2:30 or better. Son of Axtell (three-year-old record 2:12), by William L. 4244, brother to Guy Wilkes 2:15'4. 1st dam Marguerite [dam of Marguerite A. 2:12 (dam of Margaret 0. 2:054, etc.), Axtellion 2:15, King Darlington 2:16 (sire of Kingmond 2:09, etc.), Mary A. 2:272, etc.], by Kentucky Prince 2470; 2nd dam Young Daisy (dam of 3 in 2:20), by Strideaway 294, record 2:31, son of Black Hawk Telegraph, and Pocahontas 2:172 (dam of Pocahontas 2:264, etc.), by Iron's Cadmus. 1st dam SALLY SIMMONS ........ by SIMMONS 2744. Record 2:13 as a 4-year-old. Winner of 20 heats better than 2:30. Winner of 7 races as a 4-year-old in 1894. She was a Grand Circuit winner and went a mile to the pole with Roseleaf 2:14 in 2:15/2, in a race defeating the great Azote 2:044 and his mate Answer, 2:142. She was 12 years old when she foaled Hamburg Belle 2:01, being in use as a road and show mare for several seasons after her brilliant racing cam- paign as a 4-year-old. She was bred by Morris & Har- vey, Montgomery, O., and foaled the property of George and Ada Agniel, Princeton, Ind. Record 2:28, and sire of McKaig Simmons ........ 2:05 Dr. Madara ............... 2:08 Tregantle ................. 2:094 Hesperus .................. 2:09 and 142 others in 2:30 or better. And the dams of Hamburg Belle ........... 2:01 (World's race record). Brenda Yorke ............ 2:04 (2:084 as a 3-year-old, world's record for a 3-yr- old pacing filly 1906-09). Bonnie Direct (4-year-old) 2:05 Fereno .................... 2:05/2 (First winner of both the two and three - year - old Kentucky Futurity). Hal C . .................... 2:05/2 and 3 others in 2:10 or better. His sons have 229 in the 2:30 list. 120 In Memoriam Sim-imons 2744, record 2:28, son of George Wilkes 519, record 2:22. 1st dam Black Jane (dam of Rosa Wilkes 2:18 , etc.), by Mambrino Patchen 58; 2nd dam Lady Stanhope. 2nd dam SALLY ADAMS ......... by JOHN BURDINE 7217. (Lady H.) Sire of the dams of Dam of Dolly Bidwell ........... 2:082 Margery ................. 2:12 and 3 others better than 2:15. Rosalet ................... 2:12 Dan Buck 28241, sire of Easter Friday .......... 2:14 Sally Simmons .......... 2:13 Grandam of Hamburg Belle .......... 2:01 John Burdine 7217, soin of Almont 33: 1st dam Puss (great brood mare), by Brown Chief 4445, son of Mfambrino Chief 11 and a mare by Downing's Bay Messenger. Hamburg Belle 2:014 raced as a four and five-year-old as Sally Simmons 2nd. As a four-vear-old she won all her starts and made a record of 2:19'4 on a half-mile track. As a five-year-old she reduced her record to 2:12-4, on a half-mile track and a world's record over such a course, for five-year-old trotting mares. In 1908 she was unbeaten and in five most remarkable races she never lost but one heat. She was the fastest of the new comers in the 2:10 list of 1908 and she went the fourth fastest mile of the year and that too in a third heat, 2:0434. At the close of 1908 she held and still held at the time of her death the world's record for the fastest three heats ever trotted in a race. The following are the summaries of all of her races in 1908: Detroit, 'Mich., July 29. 2:10 class, trotting, purse 1,000. Hamburg Belle, b. m. ............................. 1 6 1 Sterling McKinney, br. h., 2:064 ................ 2 1 2 Susie N., b. m., 2:09 ........................... 7 2 6 Chimes Bell, b. m., 2:094 ........................ 5 3 5 Munic 2:16, Gold Bur 2:094, Mochester 2:10, and Miss Adbell 2:094 also started Time-2:05'4, 2:14, 2:07. Kalamazoo, Mich., August 6th. 2:11 class, trotting, purse 1,000. Hamburg Belle, b. m., .............1 1 1 Octoo, br. g., 2:07 ............................. 2 3 3 Locust Jack, gr. g, 2:06 ....................... 3 4 2 Othello, blk. g., 2:10 .............................4 3 3 Rochester 2:10 and Just the Thing 2:1054 also started. Time-2:07, 2:09, 2:05. Poughkeepsie, N. Y., August 19th. 2:13 class, trotting, Oakland Baron Stake, 4,000. Hamburg Belle, b. m.. ................... 1 1 1 Spanish Queen, b. m., 2:07 ...................... 2 2 3 Carlokin, br. h., 2:08 ....................... 3 4 2 Teasel, clh. m., 2:10 ...................... 4 3 4 Axtellay 2:10, Prince C. 2:11, Directum Penn 2:12 were distanced. Time-2:05, 2:07, 2:07. This page in the original text is blank. " ," HIM loa.... Z dmmbk F V iL 777 i House in which Henry Clay was married stood on Hamburg Place. It was then known as "Overton Farm. " This page in the original text is blank. In Memoriam 121 Readville, Mass., Sept. 5th. 2:11 class, trotting, Ponkapog Stake, 2,000. Hamburg Belle, b. m .............................. 1 1 1 Locust Jack, gr. g., 2:06V2 ........................ 2 3 2 Baron AMay, br. h., 2:112 .......................... 3 2 6 Nahma, b. m., 2:07 ............................. 5 4 3 Mae Heart 2:10'4, Genteel H1. 2:08'4, May Earl 2:104 and Budd 2:10'4 also started. Time-2:06/2, 2:06X, 2:0614. Hartford, Conn., Sept. 7th. 2:09 class, trotting, Charter Oak Stake, 10,000. Hamburg Belle, b. m .............................. 1 1 1 Locust Jack, gr. g., 2:06 ........................ 2 2 2 Margaret O., b. m., 2:05 ........... ............ 3 4 5 Sterling 'McKinney, br. h., 2:0634 ................ 4 3 7 Nahma 2:07'4, Mae Heart 2:10/, Spanish Queen 2:07, Vendetta 2:132, Zaza 2:07, Octoo 2:0712, and Budd 2:10 also started. The last named four wvere distanced. Time-2:05, 2:06, 2:04Y4. W. J. Andrews, who had driven Hamburg Belle in all of her races in 1908, made his first start w ith her in 1909 at the Detroit Grand Circuit Meeting. She was started to reduce her race record of 2:043/ and cut it to 2:0234, the fractional time of her mile being 30, 1:01 , 1:3134, 2:0234. This mile was trotted on July 30. On August 25 she met Uhlan at Cleveland in what will in all probability stand as the race of the century. When preparing her for this event Mr. Andrews worked her in 2:07, 2:04, 2:03. The summary and the fractional time of each mile tells plainer than words what a terrific battle was waged between the two champions in the first heat, and at the same time the marvelous endurance of a mare that could repeat within half a second of the world's race record, the last half of it being trotted on her courage, as Uhlan was out of it on account of the mishap which occurred after the flying pair passed the half-mile mark. Cleveland, Ohio, August 25, 1909. Match trotting, for gate receipts. Edward and Joseph 'Madden's b. m., Hamburg Belle, by Axworthy 2:15X2-Sally Simmons 2:134, by Simmons 2:28, W. J. Andrews 1 1 Charles Sanders' blk. g., Uhlan (5), by Bingen 2:064-Blonde, by Sir Walter, Jr. 2:18 ................. Robert Procter 2 ds Time-4 V2 34 Mile First heat :31 1:01 1:31 2:01' Second heat :30z :59 1:30 2:013,4 Separately, each quarter. lq 2q 3q 4q First heat :31 :30 :30 :304 Second heat :302 :29 :30 :31 /4 These two miles crowned Hamburg Belle the race queen of the light harness turf and were followed by her sale to Mr. H. M. Hanna of Cleveland for 50,000, the world's record price for a trotting mare. No greater honor could be won by a horse and, in order to show the class In Memoriam of horses which preceded her as race record champions, and the age at which they acquired same, the following table, which was compiled and published by The Horse Review, is presented: 1845-Lady Suffolk, gr m, 12, by Engineer II (D. Bryan) ...... 2:29/ 1849-Pelham, b g, 12, pedigree unknown (W. Whelan) .......... 2:28 1853-Highland Mlaid, b m, by Saltram (F. J. Nodine) .......... 2:27 1853-Tacony, ro g, 9, by Sportsman (Wm. Woodruff) .......... 2:27 1856-Flora Temple, b m, 11, by Bogus Hunter (Hiram Woodruff) 2:24yz 1859-Flora Temple, b m, 14, by Bogus Hunter (J. D. McMann) ..2:23/2 1859-Flora Temple, b m, 14, by Bogus Hunter (J. D. McMann)..2:22 1859-Flora Temple, b m, 14, by Bogus Hunter (J. D. McMann)..2:21/2 1859-Flora Temple, b m, 14, by Bogus Hunter (J. D. McMann) ..2:1934 1867-Dexter, br g, 9, ly Hambletonian 10 (Budd Doble) ........ 2:19 1869-American Girl, b m, 7, by Cassius M. Clay, Jr. 21 (M. Roden) 2:19 1869-Lady Thorne, b m, 13, by Marnbrino Chief (J. D. McMann) 2:18 1871-Goldsmith Maid, b in, 14, by Abdallah 15 (Budd Doble).. .. 2:17 1874-Goldsmith Mlaid, b m, 17, by Abdallah 15 (Budd Doble) .... 2:16 1874-Goldsmith Maid, b mn, 20, by Abdallah 15 (Budd Doble) .... 2:1442 1880-iaud S., ch m, 6, by Harold 413 (W. W. Bair) ...... ...... 2:13 V2 1890-Palo Alto, b h, 8, by Electioneer 125 (Chas. Marvin) ...... 2:13/ 1890-Palo Alto, b h, 8, by Electioneer 125 (Chas. Marvin) ......2 :13 1891-Nancy Hanks, b m, 5, by Happy Medium 400 (Budd Doble) 2:12 1891-Delmarch, b h, 7, by Hambrino 2:21 (Budd Doble) ...... 2:12 1892-Martha Wilkes, b in, 9, by Alcyone 2:27 (Budd Doble).. . .2:094z 1892-Martha Wilkes, b in, 9, by Alcyone 2:27 (Budd Doble) .... 2:08 /4 1893-Alix, b m, 5, by Patronage 4143 (J. C. Curry) .............. 2:0734 1893-Directum, blk c, 4, by Director 2:17 (John Kelley) ........ 2:05 1894-Alix, b m, by Patronage 4143 (Andrew McDowell) ........ 2:05'/4 1901-Cresceus, ch h, 7, by Robt. McGregor 2:174 (G. H. Ketchern) 2:05 1901-Cresceus, ch h, 7, by Robt. McGregor 2:17 4 (G. H. Ketchern) 2:03 1909-Hamburg Belle, b m, 7, by Axworthy 2:1542 (W. J3 Andrews) ................................................ 2:01 /4 It must never be forgotten that in the heat in which Hamburg Belle made her world's race record of 2:01 that Uhlan trotted his mile outside of her and was only beaten a head. Also a week later at Readville over an oily track, footing not at all favorable to a mare gaited like Hamburg Belle, the lordly son of Bingen defeated her in 2:041,4, 2:0342. One more mile and the curtain fell on the turf career of this memorable mare. It was trotted at Syracuse, N. Y., during the New York State Fair. The track, usually a very fast one, was heavy and holding on account of rain the night before. Still she turned that course in 2:04, the fractional time for the mile being :29, 1:004, 1:314, 2:04. In her race at Boston one of Hamburg Belle's knee boots slipped (lown and she brushed her knee. It bothered her after her mile at Syracuse and later on it was deemed advisable to throw her out of training for the season. She was therefore sent to her owner in 122 This page in the original text is blank. Joseph McKee Madden breaking a Shetland. In Memoriam 123 Cleveland, where she remained until early in November, when she was shipped to Thomasville, Ga. Catching cold in transit, she died at Mr. Hanna's Melrose Plantation on November 10, shortly after her arrival. A few weeks after Hamburg Belle died the following letters passed between John E. Madden and H. M. Hanna: J. E. Madden, Hamburg Place, Lexington, U. S. A. Lexington, Ky., Jan. 2, 1910. Mr. H. M. Hanna, Thomasville, Ga. Dear Mr. Hanna:- I am preparing on my farm a plot of ground for a cemetery of champion horses which I have owned. The great race mares Imp and Ida Pickwick are now buried there and I intend to add Nancy Hanks and other celebrities as they die off. This cemetery will be laid out with great care, will have a cement walk to the Winchester Pike near by for the convenience of the public. Should not the bones of Hamburg Belle be added to this col- lection of famous horses As you are aware, she was foaled here. I would place a handsome stone over her and on it inscribe the names of her breeder and subsequent owners, together with the date and place of her death. By doing this I believe that Hamburg Belle's name and fame will be effectually preserved for years to come as it is my intention to make this spot one of the most interesting points in Kentucky. It will be second to none; not even the Mammoth Cave or the Henry Clay statue. If you think well of this suggestion, I would of course take upon myself all the trouble and expense in the removal of the remains, and would send a man to your farm to attend to the matter. Yours truly, J. E. MADDEN. Melrose Plantation, Mly dear Madden- Thomasville, Georgia, Jan. 5, 1910. I have received yours of the 2nd inst. with enclosures. I am very much pleased with your proposal to have Hamburg Belle's bones removed to Hamburg Place. At the time the Belle died I was too ill to give the matter any attention, and my son directed that she should be buried in the pine woods near my house. I had intended to have her removed to a more suitable place, and a stone, or small monument put over her grave. The place of all others for her final resting place, however, is at Hamburg Place, and I am delighted with your suggestion, and I will do everything I can to assist you in the matter. If you will tell me your plan I will prepare for it. Very sincerely and gratefully yours, H. M. HANNA. A short time after this correspondence the transfer was made and the remains of Hamburg Belle now rest in the equine cemetery at Hamburg Place, within a few rods of the paddock in which she was foaled. This page in the original text is blank. 1--l-.-------.---"-------"--- I I i i I I I I I I I I 11 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I II I I I I I , I Paddock Scene at Hamburg Place. This page in the original text is blank. cY'4ETHODS A AND cYMERIT This page in the original text is blank. Methods and Merit 127 MODERN TRAINING METHODS. The following article on training thoroughbreds was written by John E. Madden for the New York Herald and published May 15, 1910. In training the thoroughbred of today there are certain rules very essential to the success of the horse. First and foremost, I would say regular feeding, good oats and hay, bran and grass and regular work. On work days be sure that the horse has had ample time to digest his food. Should the trainer be a betting man he generally likes to wager on his horse the first time he starts. This is often followed with bad results, since to know that your horse can win the first time must have required fast trials. One can win his first bet, but at the cost of a good horse, leaving him quite often in a nervous condition and perhaps a breakdown. It takes a skillful trainer to handle successfully a nervous horse. A good foreman, a good night-watchman and a good exercise boy, weighing about 110 pounds, who will adopt the balance seat Sloan reestablished, which was shown in the "Herald" of January 23 to have been used by the riders of three hundred years ago, are very necessary in the training of horses. Don't overlook the necessity of having an owner with plenty of money. It is important that the night watchman report the behavior of the horse during the night of his work day. He may not lie down, which indicates nervousness, the result of overwork. The trainer of today strives to keep his horse in high flesh. It requires a skillful trainer to prepare a horse not having started during the season and have him good for his first race. If a trainer has a trial horse to be used in connection with pre- paring his horse it is of greater benefit than half a dozen workouts and gives the trainer a better line on his condition. Much depends, of course, upon the horse you are preparing for long races. You have to take into consideration the age, degree of soundness, constitution and disposition and more especially those with extreme speed, known as sprinters, which if easily placed, may be prepared to go a distance One that cannot be placed will fail over a distance, as whether you let him run out or take him back he usually runs just as fast "inside". Frequently I hear of a horse described as a "quitter," or it is often mentioned that he stops. This is a recommendation for the horse, as, after all, we are trying to breed a very fast horse and only fast horses stop and quit. I believe there are plenty of stayers, or horses now in training that would run stayers if they were trained to do so, but the oppor- Methods and Merit tunity for their development in this particular line does not exist in the same degree as it did in the past. The breed is as good, and, indeed better today than when long distance racing was an attraction in the turf world. Staying is so much a matter of training and is in so great a degree a merely relative attribute that it is difficult to gauge the merits of the stayer of one time with those of the stayer of another. All sound horses can stay at their own pace. The horse is cele- brated for his power of endurance, that is to say, for his ability to stay. What is meant by a good stayer is an animal which can last longer over a distance of ground at a better pace than his antagonist. Though all or several of his opponents may be able to move at a higher rate of speed than he can over a part of that distance, but withal, are constitutionally unable to maintain their efforts for the same length of time as the stayer, and in accordance to what the stayer's speed is, so is he reckoned among the good, moderate or inferior class of stayers. Those who decry the racehorse of today on the ground that in his case every quality is sacrificed to speed either entirely overlook ir do not understand the term staying. They fail to see that speed- to which they assert everything is wrongly sacrificed-is in itself the very bedrock of staying power. Of course, in saying that staying is to a great extent a matter of training, it is not intended to be implied that a horse constitutionally a non-stayer can be made to stay by simply training him to run long distances. As a rule when horses are really non-stayers they are so from physical conformation or lack of breeding. Take the quarter horse, a combination of hot and cold blood. What is it that anchors him- the cold or hot blood A natural non-stayer cannot be trained into a stayer. But many a horse, judged by the running of his early days to be a non-stayer, has proved on being trained to run long distances to possess staying powers of high order. If there is an incentive to owners to look out as much for stayers as for speed milers, horses able to go a distance will soon be found in largely increased numbers. A good many horses which in these times are branded as poor stayers would have been considered good enough in that respect in the older days when races were certainly not run as fast as they are now. I won the Annual Champion, two and one-quarter miles, value 25,000, with Salvidere and King James. Salvidere was delicate and unsound; fortunately he did not require much work. King James was different-a glutton at the feed box as well as work. It was necessary to repeat this horse, something I have often done and with good results. His final work for this stake was one and one-quarter miles in 2:11, and 25 minutes after I repeated him a half mile in 49 seconds. 128 This page in the original text is blank. :Q J. E. Mladden instructing jockey before the running oif the Saratoga Special, in 1906, value 21,000. Methods and Merit Salvidere worked handily a mile and a half in 2:38, but was not repeated. It is easy to train a good horse. A good horse is dangerous in anybody's hands, the same as a shotgun is in a cornfield "nigger's" hands. A horse will usually show his condition at feeding time, and, if nervous, work should be postponed. Nervous horses are often subject to scouring. Frequently you hear of fast trials for big events. These are given, generally, by young trainers just beginning their career, but as they grow older you will note a change in their methods, and they work instead of running trials against the watch. The American trainer is a great caretaker, spending much money for linaments to be used on legs and body, which remove soreness after a hard work out or a race. The trainer of to-day uses grass freely instead of the medicine ball. Horses which are expected to take part on the prominent tracks around New York generally commence their work about January 15. Many trainers do not commence until the first of February and are confined to the shed, as the weather, climate and roads on metropolitan tracks seldom permit of outdoor work at that time. Some horses are given as much as from five to seven miles of slowv jogging daily under the shed until the weather opens up. The trainer considers himself fortunate if he can get on the course as early as St. Patrick's Day, when, after about two weeks of slow galloping. miles are made in about two minutes, and then you gradually work up to a mile in 1:45. This is the point where you can determine the sound- ness and constitution of your horse. A horse with a good constitution can be given more work than those to whom nature has not been so kind. Very few blankets are used by the American trainer. Every effort is made to keep as much flesh as possible on his horse. Light weight linseys are mostly used and they take the place of the old time wvoollen blanket. American weather, especially when it is very hot, makes American training methods different from English methods, as the weather in England is generally cold. After a strong work-out the condition of his wind w-ill show the condition of the horse. Generally two days are given between work and the horses are then indulged in trotting and slow gallops. Some horses will race to their best form when given slow breezing every other dlay and at no time a fast trial. With a stable of twenty horses there might be but two which re- quire the same treatment to race successfully. 129 130 Methods and Merit Judgment must be used in estimating the individual qualities of your horses as to soundness, constitution and disposition. Sobriety is most desirable in a trainer and a good jockey always adds to the success of the horse. It is necessary that you have discipline of the strictest kind in a racing stable, and the more gentle the attendant or the caretaker the better the results. Remember this, a horse only knows what you teach him. When a horse shows fear of his attendant the man has abused him and should be discharged. A thoroughbred, like the works of a watch, needs careful handling. In mating much attention should be paid to disposition and con- stitution, for a good disposition and a strong constitution, with the ever necessary gift of speed, makes the stake horse. He can lay off the pace in the early stages of a race and win. The beginner will often tell you that he is going to breed stayers only. I know then that he is going to breed a lot of slow horses. I have been asked regarding color and size of a good racehorse. This is a difficult question and often a matter of fancy. The old saying is so true-a good gamecock has no bad color. Now as to size, many big turnips are hollow. Less blanks are likely to follow the selection of small or medium sized yearlings. The yearling that fills your eye as to size is often too big when he is two years old. I approve of the big horse if you judge him by the scales instead of the tape or standard. In case of illness or lameness consult a reputable veterinary. Beware of quacks who cure all ailments, or profess to do so. In case of lameness very frequently the trainer or owner resorts to the firing iron or severe blister too quickly. From bitter experience I am as afraid of the firing iron as the devil is of holy water. Many cases of lameness can be cured by using cooling lotions with cotton and a bandage. Remove the shoes, trim the feet so that they will have frog pressure, turn the horse into a paddock two hours in the morning and two in the afternoon. In many cases it is well to give a mild purgative, especially in the case of gross horses. Cut their grain down to one-half of what they were being given while in training. Instead of using a severe blister on the leg you will get better results if you apply a mild blister on the horse's back directly where the saddle is placed. This will insure a rest of about two weeks, then the blister will be healed, and by this time the cooling lotion has removed the fever from the leg and you have lost very little time. This page in the original text is blank. II, PWI Exercising Track and Paddocks at Hamburg Place. Methods and Merit THE TROTTING HALL OF FAME. As a special feature for its Christmas number in 1910, the Horse Review requested the following turfmen to give, with their reasons, the ten greatest trotters of all time as judged by their public per- formances. The jurors selected were H. K. Devereux, Murray Howe, Andrew G. Leonard, Joseph L. Markey, Dr. J. C. McCoy, H. T. White and John E. Madden. Their selections were as follows: H. K. Devereux:-(1) Uhlan 1:584, (2) The Harvester 2:01, (3) Ham- burg Belle 2:01, (4) Alix 2:034, (5) Nancy Hanks 2:04, (6) Lou Dillon 1:58Y, (7) St. Julien 2:11, (8) Cresceus 2:02, (9) Maud S. 2:084, (10) The Abbot 2:03. Murray Howe:-(1) Uhlan 1:58Y4, (2) Lou Dillon 1:58, (3) The Harvester 2:01, (4) Hamburg BelIe 2:01, (5) Major Delmar 1:59, (6) Cresceus 2:02, (7) Joan, 4, 2:044, (8) Sweet Marie 2:02, (9) The Abbot 2:03, (10) Alix 2:034. Andrew G. Leonard:-(1) Uhlan 1:58, (2) Lou Dillon 1:58X, (3) Hamburg Belle 2:01, (4) Cresceus 2:02, (5) The Harvester 2:01, (6) Joan, 4, 2:04, (7) Directum, 4, 2:054, (8) Alix 2:034, (9) Arion, 2, 2:104 (high wheels); 4, 2:07, (10) Nancy Hanks 2:04. Joseph L. Markey:-(1) Uhlan 1:584, (2) Lou Dillon 1:58, (3) The Harvester 2:01, (4) Cresceus 2:02, (5) Hamburg Belle 2:01S, (6) Major Delmar 1:59, (7) Sweet Marie 2:02, (8) Alix 2:034, (9) Joan, 4, 2:04, (10) Colorado E., 3, 2:044. Dr. McCoy:-(1) Uhlan 1:58, (2) The Harvester 2:01, (3) Cresceus 2:02, (4) Hamburg Belle 2:01, (5) Sweet Marie 2:02, (6) Nancy Hanks 2:04, (7) Directum, 4, 2:05, (8) Joan, 4, 2:04, (9) Colorado E., 3, 2:04, (10) Justice Brooke, 2, 2:092. H. T. White:-(1) The Harvester 2:01, (2) Cresceis 2:02, (3) Uhlan 1:58, (4) Lou Dillon 1:58, (5) Sunol (high wheels) 2:08, (6) Hamburg Belle 2:01, (7) Maud S. (high wheels) 2:08, (8) Sweet Marie 2:02, (9) Alix 2:034, (10) Goldsmith Maid (high wheels) 2:14. John E. Madden sent the following:-In response to the "Review's" request, I submit herewith a list of the ten greatest trotting horses, according to my judgment. 1. UHLAN 1:584. 2. HAMBURG BELLE 2:01. 3. THE HARVESTER 2:01. 4. NANCY HANKS 2:04. 5. MAUD S. 2:08. 6. CRESCEUS 2:02. 7. DIRECTUM (4) 2:05. 8. SADIE MAC 2:06. 9. AZOTE 2:044. 10. DEXTER 2:17. 131 Methods and Merit In selecting these names, which is to every lover of the game a matter of much difficulty, I have been governed by the acid test of greatness as shown in races. Speed alone, unless accompanied by proven class, as reflected in actual racing. I have been compelled to reject as not being thoroughly characteristic of real greatness. How often have we seen scientific boxers who were poor fighters. As I feel sure my selections will be criticized because of the fact that I omitted several near two-minute horses, I want to make by subject as clear as possible in this introduction. Stakes and purses are offered by associations to horse owners to nominate their horses; this is what I call open competition. Winners of such stakes and purses should be given credit for real greatness. I value speed, yet I am asked by your paper to give the ten greatest race horses to harness on a trot. Exhibitions or a contest with a single competitor, which is often a friendly match, and off at first start, I do not believe come under the conditions you set forth in your letter of Nov. 9, no matter how fast time is made in such a single dash. Tracks are specially prepared for such exhibitions and hugging the rail as close as possible from start to finish is the rule. In the calendar of records for athletes, in referring to Donovan's, the great 100 yard sprinter, trial against the watch, instead of giving him the world's record, they made the following remark: "A marvelous performance." Had it been in open competition he would have been given credit for the world's record. Here are the reasons for my selections: 1. UHLAN:-Could have defeated any trotter or pacer in training in 1910. 2. HAMBURG BELLE:-The best mare of her year. Defeated Uhlan in the fastest race ever trotted. 3. THE HARVESTER:-Three - year - old champion, four - year - old champion, unbeaten as a five-year-old, and champion stallion of the world. 4. NANCY HANKS:-Undefeated, first to beat 2:05, and still holds race record for first, second and third heats to high wheels. 5. MfAUD S. :-Unbeaten, first to beat 2:10, lost but one heat. Re- peatedly reduced the world's record, wresting the honor from St. Julien and Jay-Eye-See and retired a champion. 6. CRESCEUS:-For every reason. He was one of the few horses that wanted to go a fifth quarter in a race. 7. DIRECTUMf:-The best four-year-old colt that ever was stripped. Like Uhlan, he could have beaten any trotter or pacer the year he was at his best. Salisbury's offer to race him against any horse to harness, regardless of gait, was never accepted. 8. SADIE IMAC:-A futurity winner, and while alive never lost a public race. Cheap at the price at which she sold-22,000. The 132 Methods and Merit only way to beat her was for her to drop dead on the track, which she did at Charter Oak Park in a race. 9. AZOTE:-One of the few horses that came back and did what Jeffries could not do-win in his old age. See returns for 1894- 1895 and judge for yourself if the field players made any money during those campaigns. 10. DEXTER:-Champion to skeleton wagon, saddle and harness at one, two and three-mile heats. He was retired before his speed limit was reached. I learned about him from Mr. Doble, and a story on Dexter from this gentleman, I am sure, would prove very interesting to the public. In making the above list I have not overlooked the following notable horses: No trotter of any age possessed LOU DILLON'S flight of speed. No three-year-old ever showed the speed of COLORADO E. No campaign of a three-year-old ever equalled that of EXPRES- SIVE. GOLDSMITH MAID, the first to beat 2:15. She had no equal in her long campaign of winning races. MAJOR DELMAR tried hard to secure the world's record, but missed it by a fraction. RARUS, a champion, sold to Mr. Robert Bonner for 36,000. CLINGSTONE, the demon trotter that placed the race record of the Grand Circuit at 2:14, where it remained until the "bike" sulky was introduced. (When the last two horses achieved their greatness they were under the management of the veteran reinsman, John Splan. A talk with him about them will convince you that he favored Rarus.) ARION, a speed marvel, but circumstances prevented him from being raced. Of the old-timers, LADY SUFFOLK was a champion mare in her day and a dead game one at that. Was the first to beat 2:30. FLORA TEMPLE, the first to beat 2:25 and 2:20. HARRY WILKES, a public favorite. PRINCE WILKES, a determined race horse under any and all conditions. ALLERTON, a great trotter and sire; made a fortune for his owner. SWEET MARIE, a great race mare, as her record on both a half and mile tracks proves. ALIX, a champion and great race mare. JACK, the best gray I ever saw. NIGHTINGALE, both of them were good race mares. THE ABBOT; it took the greatest horse of his day to beat him. SONOMA GIRL, one of the best gaited and swiftest going trotters I ever saw. 133 134 Methods and Meit PALO ALTO, the best trotter out of a thoroughbred mare. PETER THE GREAT won the Futurity. My friend Stokes claims no pacer by this great horse. LITTLE ALBERT, a consistent race horse. BORALMA. Dr. McCoy can give the best evidence in regard to this horse's character. GENERAL WATTS. I will let Mike Bowerman tell you about this one. COUNTRY JAY, one of the few that came back. JOAN; regret my limit is ten. "Class," if I ever saw it. Has a great future. ST. JULIEN and JAY-EYE-SEE were champions in their day and the talk of the country. But Orrin Hickok's genius and patience made St. Julien famous. On one occasion, inquiring of this great trainer and driver of a certain horse's speed, I received the most original reply: "I do not know, but I know that he is a race horse." And from that day I have used this expression to cover all qualities that go to make a winner. A few of these horses were "on the turf" for a number of years while others established records that made them either champions or rivals of champions, which it is not possible to include on account of the limit placed on the list. The sterling racing qualities exhibited by the horses named above show the uniform progress that has been made by the trotter. These horses have shown their ability to repeat, not only in straight heat races, but in races in which heats were split. There has also been no falling off in this particular, even when the clip was increased. Some readers may think the trotters of the past cannot compare with those of the present century, and if I have shown an apparent inclination to favor the "old-timers" by mention of their names in the "Hall of Fame," it is from a desire to do them justice and not a matter of prejudice. "The present eye praises the present object." Nothing is more difficult and futile than the attempt to compare old time with present day champions. All we can go by is the fact that when a horse defeated his contemporaries possessed of "class," he was a great trotter under conditions existing at the time. In another generation Uhlan may possibly occupy the position of Dexter today in our estimation. And so the world progresses. A famous writer once said: "It were not best that we should all think alike; it is difference of opinion that makes horse races." (This remark was made before Governor Hughes came into power). It might be interesting to ask the jurors, after selecting the ten greatest trotters, to furnish a list of the ten greatest counterfeits that have come under their observation. However, in view of the fact that the injured feelings of owners and breeders might result in libel suits, it may perhaps be just as well to let bygones be bygones. This page in the original text is blank. a ; , A m -9 --IMa Ma, &, 4 Gymnasium and Garage at Hamburg Place. Methods and Merit 135 AUGUST BELMONT'S ADDRESS. At the Sportsman's Dinner which was given by those interested in the turf and field at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York City, February 15, 1911, August Belmont, the chairman of The Jockey Club and of the National Steeplechase and Hunt Association made the following address: "I feel great pride and satisfaction in rising to address you, as I contemplate the character and size of this gathering. "You have certainly responded eagerly to the call issued by Mr. Harry W. Smith, as good a sportsman as the best of us, and with the energy of a dozen of us. "His purpose in organizing this dinner, after conferring with rep- resentative sportsmen, is the beginning of an annual banquet for all who are interested in sports, of which the horse is either the vehicle or motive. A misconception, however, crept into the press regarding our object, and may possibly have lodged in the public mind. That there may be no misunderstanding, let me, at the outset, state that our gathering has not the remotest connection with any movement looking to legal relief for horse racing, or appeals to our lawmakers for enabling legislation. "Convinced as we are that our cause is a common one, we are gathered here tonight, as I interpret it, to promote, by means of friendly intercourse, every healthy, clean and invigorating sport where the horse plays a part. "We are satisfied, one and all, that great benefit is in store for us from free interchange of views. Mutual, moral and active support must be the outcome. Riding, driving, hunting, steeplechasing and racing begin and end with the same object and results: recreation and open air, involving problems for the development and cultivation of tastes that are ornaments to mind and body. They mean, too, the clearing of cobwebs from the brain of hard-working man or of the careworn woman, resulting in healthier specimens of both, and, I may add, making them more humane beings, for I have yet to find a real lover of the horse who has not thereby cultivated tenderness for man or beast and a love of nature. "Show me a real lover of a horse who will not pass that love on when the opportunity presents itself to all other dumb animals. His is a good school in which to mold a tender heart, a firm but indul- gent will, a steady nerve and character that knows and practices fair giving and fair taking, and-last but not least-a courage that will serve loyally friend or country. "That is rather a fine character I am giving to the horseman, and you might think there was no fault to find with him or advice to give him. There is, however, some of both for him. Each one has 136 Methods and Merit been prone to look upon his own special form of pleasure as apart from and not co-related to those of other horse lovers, and today, when machinery and the harnessed forces of nature, added to narrow prejudices, are pressing him hard in many directions, he is unprepard with thoroughly organized influence to defend himself. Each branch is left to bear its own burden, and I am trusting in the hope tonight that the thought may spread out beyond us that it is a matter of public interest, and not of private only, to protect the horse and his various callings more intelligently and scientifically than is now being done. "I have since my early boyhood been in constant touch with horseflesh, from riding the child's pony to the polo pony, the hunter and the steeplechaser, and have driven in all forms up to the four- in-hand. I have bred and reared horses all my life, as did my father before me. The sum of my experience is that without the thoroughbred, with his great fundamental qualities, from which to draw, there can be, aside from the dray horse, no absolutely successful improvement and refinement in any of the great classes of horseflesh we in this country use. 'The thoroughbred is the essential oil, so to speak, of horseflesh. His fundamental qualities are three in number: endurance, early maturity and courage. Every useful quality of any breed in the last analysis rests upon one of these three cardinal features. Perfect health, correct formation and, hence, beauty, are indispensible to endurance. Early maturity is impossible without a vigorous constitution and steady nerves. Courage follows as the sum total of his development. "A thoroughbred cross, improves every kind of horse. In fact, a touch of these fundamental qualities benefits every known breed, and to have the essential qualities I have pointed out, on tap, just as our Government now nurtures the many inanimate forms of fundamental ingredients needed for our vast agricultural interests, is our duty as a nation. "Every other nation of the first class recognizes this duty and encourages the development of the thoroughbred. Continental govern- ments are vying with the most ardent turfmen in buying stallions for public studs. "In a general way, every intelligent layman recognizes the truth and value of these statements when put before him. To speak more particularly, the economic value of one of these qualities, early maturity, is so far-reaching and important that it alone is a sufficient reason for placing the thoroughbred on a footing of importance as a precious agent in the development of our country's wealth. "It is self-evident that if the average horse can be raised to maturity by the farmer in three years, instead of four or five, as the case may be, one whole year's keep or more is saved to him and, consequently, to the productive energies of the country. "It is a provable fact that the infusion of thoroughbred blood accomplishes this. Methods and Merit 137 "The best and easiest example is the trotter. Forty years ago he was not a mature horse before reaching five or six years of age. With intelligent selection in breeding, accompanied by the frequent infusion of thoroughbred blood, he is today a trotter able to compete in races at two years old; at three he is a thoroughly grown horse, and at four quite mature and capable of standard performances. For this one quality alone the thoroughbred is of economic value. "The famous Kentucky saddler, the charger, the hunter, the polo pony, are indebted to the thoroughbred for the best that is in them. Cinderella, one of the crack ponies our polo team played in their matches for the International Cup last year, is by the English classic stake winner Rosicrucian. "Many of you within my hearing tonight who are with painstaking eagerness searching through the bunches the horse agents are bringing North, for the very best ponies money can buy, realize how vastly the Texan pony has improved in recent years. It is always the thor- oughbred crossed on their famous quarter horse that is the crack of the bunch. "And you of the hunting field and riders at our thirty or forty annual hunt and steeplechase meetings, what are you always looking for in the horse you buy, if it is not the marks and the characteristics of the thoroughbred. "The thoroughbred enthusiast wants no other horse; he knows he can use him for anything if he be patient with him and treat him as a gentleman, for he is no placid slave, but a truly grand co-worker. "The plain horse enthusiast, too, will point with pride to the fact if the royal blood does or only seems to run in his favorite's veins, and claim all the qualities that it produces and many more, if the listener is the right sort. "My associates and myself in racing and breeding are, so to speak, the analytical chemists for you all. We are producing this extract of perfect horseflesh, and it is perhaps of interest to you to know and fully appreciate the tools we have to have. "First we have to have the foundation stock and replenish it from time to time. Our forefathers of Colonial days got it from the same source to which we now have to go for it-to England, the wise and resourceful producer of the thoroughbred who secured her stock from the cradle of the horse, Arabia, but she no longer replenishes with the Arab. Her developed Arab of today is so vastly superior in size, con- formation and stamina to the original that to dip back into the blood of the Arabian horse has proved a failure. "Second, the most important tool we need is the eliminating test- the race-courses. It is through these we ultimately select our breeding stock. "You cannot produce early maturity without the eliminating test of the two-year-old and three-year-old stake races. It is there and only there that you find out by the weights the horse carries and the distance he runs, if he is sufficiently developed and mature. 138 Methods and Maril "The great classic races of England, the Derby and the Oaks, for three-year-old colts and fillies, respectively, are run on the earliest possible dates in the Spring for which a three-year-old horse or mare can be prepared to carry the prescribed 'Weights and run the prescribed distances, which, after years of study and intelligent practice are deemed to be the maximum a fully developed horse should be tested by. "He had to be big and fully grown or he could not shoulder the weight. He had to be sound or he could not stand the preparation. "The show ring is useless as a method of selection and will ulti- mately go far astray with its theoretical requirements as to conforma- tion based upon what is deemed the best for something the horse used to do. With all honor and respect due the bench show, we all know what havoc it has played with breeds of sporting dogs that have ceased to be used for the original purpose they had been developed for by the sportsman. "And so in a lesser degree, yet always important, the entire system of stake and cup races on the turf is framed to prove and test out the three great qualities I have held up to you as cardinal and valuable. "The race course is a vast and expensive piece of machinery. Its value from the standpoint of the breeder is inestimable. "As a sport and as a crucible it is highly interesting and instructive and absorbing as a study. And what I have said of the thoroughbred is applicable in every particular to the trotter. "The moralist and his cant, the misguided and misinformed member of the community who, in his ignorance, harps upon the false theory that the race course is but an institution for gambling, is an enemy to the interests of our farmers, our ranchmen, our military establishments and all citizens who use and breed the horse for pleasure. I deny with all the vehemence I can command that the race course is but a gambling institution. Out turfmen and breeders are not gamblers, and many of them do not bet at all. "The great nations of Europe and their governments foster the racing and breeding of thoroughbreds for the value they know they possess. "That racing furnished a recreation for the public is subordinate. There are attendant evils and sportsmen and lovers of the horse should be encouraged in their efforts to correct and eliminate them. Destroy- ing racing as a public institution is not helping the community. Uphold- ing it and doing it justice by passing intelligent criticism upon racing's faults is right, and we should frown upon the bigot whose gloomy pessimism would turn God's flower of the fields to a monotonous gray. "Since 1905 the registration of thoroughbreds in the Stud Book has shown a yearly decline from 4,000 foals a year to 2,300 in 1910, and the prospect is that less than 2,000 will be registered this year. Stallions, broodmares and young thoroughbreds have been exported in hundreds and hundreds to England, Germany, Hungary, France, Australia and Argentina, never to return. This page in the original text is blank. I ,I\t, A;:t, Ej:; ftw If DO f; 0 Joseph McKee Madden and his favorite hurdler. Methods and Merit 139 "The army is beginning to complain that it cannot readily find horses required for the cavalry. Think of it-in this vast country with its magnificent ranches and breeding farms! Five hundred horses each year for remounts are difficult to buy and cost more than our army officers think they should. "The average horses have not breeding enough-lack the quality and endurance- and army men are now turning to thoroughbred horse breeders for help. What would happen if, in case of war-notwith- standing a growing international desire for peace-the cavalry had to be quadrupled, and instead of a good cavalry horse lasting ten years, as they do in time of peace, the remounts of the cavalry were lasting but sixty days-which on good military authority I am told is the average Where would they come from Importing 30,000 or 40,000 horses in ships would be a spectacle to be proud of, if by the grace of the enemy we might be permitted to witness it. "We, in racing and breeding, have a common interest with you and you with us. "It is upon you polo players, huntsmen and amateur riders, as well as racing men, that the future of the thoroughbred horse in this country depends. "It is for us all to give army men who are struggling with this problem a helping hand. The War Department is doing much for them, and in Virginia and at Fort Riley is fostering the thoroughbred by breeding, but unfortunately in a very limited way. "The War Department is also encouraging officers to ride in amateur races and steeplechases and in playing polo at the different army posts. "I told Gen. Fred D. Grant at the United Hunts meeting on Long Island last November that I would present the army with six good stallions, and I am going to offer this year and next to whoever the Secretary of War indicates to me to be the proper recipient Henry of Navarre, Octagon, two Rock Sand colts and two from other sires. Added to this, I shall offer eight free services to my stallions in Lex- ington, Ky., to such mares belonging to the army as the Chief of Staff may see fit to issue a written order for. One of these services will be by my stallion Rock Sand. I hope the army will be able to obtain more good thoroughbred stallions and place them throughout the West, as our Jockey Club's breeding bureau has distributed them in this State, and by securing first call on the mares bred to their stallions they will be able to inaugurate a practical way of securing the type of horse so much needed and which the army has so much difficulty in securing. "The Boer war was the cause of a tremendous depletion in our stock of horses suitable for cavalry and artillery. Hundreds and thousands of horses were exported to South Africa. Even at that time the horses as a class were not what they should have been. An intel- ligent fostering and encouragement of the right type, and a distribution, with the assistance of the government, of thoroughbred blood through Methods and Merit the Western ranches, would have meant many more millions of dollars of income to the country for what we sold at that time, and now that even those horses are gone, there is no substantial encouragement given to the breeder to supply the void created. "The unthinking will say that horseflesh commands a higher price today than it ever did. It is true the growth of the country and the extension of our agricultural interests keeps the dray horse more scat- tered and more at home. The surplus for market has decreased, but the horse that the army seeks and that some day may and should be exported for remounts is not well understood. "Referring again to the army, we should not only have enough of correctly bred horses for remounts to supply our own needs, but en- courage a large export trade for ready buyers existing in Europe. With all their efforts, the Continental armies are still not fully supplied, and in case of war must draw from other countries, such as Australia and Argentina, and the United States ought to be included. If we breed intelligently, we would, in case of need, be able to keep the surplus stock for our own use. "In all that I have said I am neither sounding the voice of the alarmist or pessimist. It took years to build and develop what we had, and that was none too large and important to meet the needs of New York State and and the rest of the country, and it will take years to rebuild in the face of the difficulties and discouragements, which I hope the public and public men will recognize to have been a mistake from a sound and patriotic standpoint." Among the sportsmen who attended were G. Fred Alpers, August Belmont, Charles W. Bosworth, J. Frank Bryan, T. Brosnahan, Harry S. Black, H. A. Bourne, Raymond Belmont, James Butler, James Butler, Jr.; H. A. Buck, W. Burling Cocks, Edward H. Carle, Marshall Clapp, J. S. Casey, E. C. Cowdin, Frank T. Clark, Capt. E. B. Cassett, Preston Davies, David Dows, A. Daingerfield, J. E. Davis, W. P. Fraser, Rufus Finch, Ivan Fox, J. G. Follansbee, Henry L. Herbert, C. L. Harrison, Jr.; William A. Hazard, Major William Hendrie, A. Henry Higginson, S. J. Hollaway, J. C. F. Jacoby, Charles Kohler, William M. Kerr, W. Carson Kane, Morgan La Montagne, Rene La Montagne, Montaigu La Montagne, William Miller, John E. Madden, John Daly Murphy, Andrew Miller, Edgar Murphy, Frank Nelson, Jay O'Brien, H. T. Oxnard, R. McCarter Potter, W. L. Powers, H. S. Page, Thomas F. Ryan, Samuel Ross, Arthur W. Steadman, Harry W. Smith, William Lord Smith, W. E. D. Stokes, Chetwood Smith, Victor Schaumberg, August Silz, W. W. Stokes, W. P. Smith, Jr.; Oakleigh Thorne, Joseph Thomas, John Tucker, John R. Townsend, Henry G. Vaughan, R. J. Walden, W. W. Willock, S. F. Willets, Watson J. Webb, C. T. Wildey, Jr.; W. H. Wildey, Joseph E. Widener, Thomas F. White, Samuel Willets, L. E. Waring. 140 Methods and Mer4t THE AUTO AND THE HORSE. Though bedecked in splendid trappings, gliding on its stately course, Still the Auto's but a lackey to His Majesty, The Horse. Who shall say this honking demon e'er shall take his lofty place It but lifts away his burdens, frees him for the track and chase. Who could know a pang of pity for a broken frame of steel, Like the sorrow that a master for his fallen steed must feel Who, behind a chugging engine-thing without a heart or will- Ever felt the blood-tide tingle like the horseman's gallop-thrill Death is in the Auto's pathway; Madness glowers at the wheel; But a good horse guides and guards you, faithful, trustful, wise and leal. Let the Auto toil for Commerce, claim the prize of strength and speed; But for frolic and for friendship, give a true-bred man his steed. 141 Methods and Merit LORD NORTH TO HIS GRANDCHILDREN. "I now dedicate this book to you, my dear grandchildren, because I want you to grow up good country gentlemen, doing your duty to your sovereign, your country and your neigh- bors, rich and poor, and fulfilling all the obliga- tions of your station, and versed in all those pursuits and occupations which make a country life so pleasant and happy. I want you to grow up sportsmen,-not, mind you, sporting men- for there is a vast difference between a sportsman and a sporting man:" 142