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Mr. Gibson's short practical method of cure for horses : extracted from his New treatise on their diseases, and fitted for the pocket, with notes of reference to the original : to which is added an appendix concerning the right method of firing of horses, shoeing, ec. / by his son William Gibson.
Mr. Gibson's short practical method of cure for horses : extracted from his New treatise on their diseases, and fitted for the pocket, with notes of reference to the original : to which is added an appendix concerning the right method of firing of horses, shoeing, ec. / by his son William Gibson. Gibson, W. (William), 1680-1750. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2002 b98-46-42334251 Electronic reproduction. 2002. (Beyond the shelf, serving historic Kentuckiana through virtual access (IMLS LG-03-02-0012-02) ; These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Mr. Gibson's short practical method of cure for horses : extracted from his New treatise on their diseases, and fitted for the pocket, with notes of reference to the original : to which is added an appendix concerning the right method of firing of horses, shoeing, ec. / by his son William Gibson. Gibson, W. (William), 1680-1750. A. Millar, London : 1755. 249 p.,  p. of plates : ill. ; 19 cm. Coleman Includes index. Microfilm. Atlanta, Ga. : SOLINET, 1999. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. (SOLINET/ASERL Cooperative Microfilming Project (NEH PA-23166-98) ; SOL MN08513.04 KUK) s1999 gaun a Printing Master B98-46. IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Horses Diseases. TH E 1h orfes, I E F A C E. I H E Reafon of publifhing this Extraat, will naturally occur to every one who is any way concerned with which is, the great Conve- niency of having fuch a fmall Book, that may bIe always at hand, either on the Road, or when Horfes are at Grafs; or in fuch a Situation or Cir- cumftance, that it may be difficult to confult the large Treatife; it be_. ing well known, that very often the Difeafes and Diftempers incident to thofe Creatures are fo fudden, and of that nature, that they require fpcedy A z Notice, P R E F A C e. Notice, much of the Succefs in the Cure depending upon it. It is certain, the Knowledge of a Horfe, both as to his Nature and Genius, and alfo the Accidents and Diftempers to which he is liable, is no where fo fully and learnedly dif- cuffed, as in Mr. Gibfon's excellent New Treatife (an Argument of which is, the Univerfal Approbation it ha5 met with from the beft Judges, and alfo a general Reception from the Public) as it is a Book defigned for the more complete Inifrudion of Gentlemen, and all other Perfons concerned in the Breeding and Care of that noble and ufeful Animal, on which fo much of the Strength and Riches of the Nation depends. There- fore to make it of the more general Ufe, he has writ it in a pleafant and familiar manner; and though, with much Learning and Experience, yet fo as to be eafily underftood by the youngeft Proficients in this Study, having P R E P A C E. having comprifed it in as fmall a Compafs as the Nature of a general Treatife would bear, and-omitted no- thing that was neceffary to be known on that Subje&t. But as the Coploufnefs of that Work may often occafion fome Trou- ble and Lofs of Time (efpecially in Cafes of Extremity) before the pro- per Remedies can be met with, this fmall Book is ifo contrived, that no- thing is treated on but what imme- diately relates to Practice, with the pioft efficacious and valuable Re- ceipts. And for the greater Eafe and Satisfaaion of Gentlemen, proper Notes are affixed on the Margin, ret. ferring to the larger Treatife. The Ten Copper-Plates here in, troduced, are thofe that relate to the external Difeafes, which are curi.- oufly defcribed, and are of great Ufe, being drawn by the Author's own Hand, from the living Subjeas, and are placed, with their Explana- A 3 tions, P R E F , C P. tions, where the refpective Difeares are treated upon, without regard to the Number or Page engraved on them, that only relating to the large Treatife. We think it is entirely unneciffary to advance any thing more, with re- fpe&t to the Utility of this Book, only thus much, to affure the Public, that if my Father had lived a little longer, it was his fettled Intention to publifh fuch a one, as knowing it to be of univerfal Benefit. T H E C;O N T E N T S. IN TROD U CTION. OF Feeding and Exercife. Page t '' he Method of Purging Horfes; qwith proper Forms of Prfcriptions, and the It"y of admniny/ring tbem. y 3r Teproper Method of adnzinjfring Drinks and Bails. P. 39 Concerning CIGlyers, and the Manner of giving t/cm. P. 4T Of the Difeafes of Horfes, and their Cure. C H A P. Of the Difeafes of the Head. CT. I. ( CT. II. I III. IV. a an Apoplexy. Page 47 )f the Lethargy, or Sleeping Evil. qf the Ep. 49 Of the E.pi/epfy. p 52 Of the Pafyy, or Paralytic DJi'rders. P 54 C H A P. S E C T. I. Gonvulfions from other principal Bowels. II. the Stcmnach, and E C T. II. Convulfions, and Staggers, Retenfion of the Dung a;nd Alinuzt. A 4 C P. S7 fiJ9, a P 63 'H A P. S E S E S E C T. SE CT. T. S;I C O N T E N T C H A P. IM. S E C T. I. Of the Difeafes of the Eyes. p. 65 S E C T. - II. Of W dof fhe Eyes. p. 67 S E C T. LII. Of Lwntic or An-Ees; and a + ,ta24.P. 69 C H A P. IV. Of Fevers. S E C T. I Of Simple Fevers. p. 72 S E C T. II. Of complicated or compound Fevers. P 75 C H A P. V. S E C T. I. Of Horfes Colds, and other Difeafes, of the Brea/i and Glandulous Parts about the Head and Throat. p. 79 S E C T. II. Of the Strangles and Ives. p. 82 S E C T. 1II. Of the Ives, or Vives. p. 84 S EC T. IV. Of -Pleur (y and Peripneumony. P. 85 S E C T. V. Of the Extenzal Pleurify, or Chef- Founder. p. 91 S E C T. VI. Of the Cough and A/Ibma. p. 92 S E C T. VII.- Of a Broken Jfind. p. 98 S E C T. VIII. Of a ConfumPtion. p. 104 C H A P. VI. S E C T. L. Of the Difeafes of the Stomach. p. Io8 S E C T. II. Of a voracious Apptite, and-of foul Feedtrs. P. 10 C H A P. V1. Of the Difeafes of the lower Belly. SECT. I. Of the G c;c aedGrifrs. p. 113 S E C T. I. Of WTorrns. p. 117 S E C T. 11. Of LaX. and wolfrzrng, P. 122 S E C T. Ii'.Of tif1r/. P- 126 SE Lr CONTENTS, S E C T. V. Of the Yelkws, and _aundice. S E C T. VI. Of Ruptures and Biurfennefs. C H A P. VIII. Difeafes of the Kidneys and Uthuiry Paffages. S E C T. I. Of Hurts azd Strains tJ the KitbersO P1 I33 S E C T. II. Of a Supprejion of Urine, from a Defe& in the Kidneys. p. 1 37 SECT. III. Of the Strangury. P. 139 S E C T. IV.Of fJaling Blood. p. 140 SE C T. V. Of a Diabetes, Or profufe Staing- p. 141 C H A P. IX. Of Surfeits, and other Difeafes that affeCt the Blood and external Pans. II. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII 0f a dry Surfeit. Of a wet Srfeit. Of hide-bound Horfc3"Q Of Molten Greafe. Of the Mange. Of the Parcin, or tar OAf tkthe Water Fary. C H A P. Of Tumours. CY . P. 143 P- 145 P. 150 P. 152 P. 155 p. 153 P. I71 X.. SECT. I. Of Critical Tumours. p. is SECT. II. Of Swelings eaUfed by Blows, Bruifes, and other external Accidents. p. i76 SECT. III. 0f a Bone-Spvin. E.planation of the Capper Plate numberedrTab XXII- ibid. SECT. IV. Of a Curb. p. i. [ a E 1al r- p. lie p. 1.32 S E C T. SE C T. S E C T. S E C T. S E:C T. S E-C T. S E C T. CON TENTS. Explanation of the Copper Plate numbered rab. XXIII. Fig. II. p. 183 SE C T. V. Oflets and 7ardons. p. 184 SECT. VI. Of a Ring-Bone. p. i85 Explanation of the Plate, Tab. XXIII. ibid. SECT. VII. Of Splents. p. I88 Explanation ofthePlate, Tab. XXIV. p. 189 SECT. VIlI. Of IJindgals, and other flatulent or windy Tumzurs. p. I191 Explanation of the Plate, Tab. XXV. ibid. S E C T. IX. Of a Blood-Spavin. p. 194 Explanation of Fig. I. in Tab. XXII. p. 195 S E C X X.Of Iens. p. I98 Explanation of the Plate, Tab. XXVI. Fig. I. and IL ibid. Explanation of Tab. XXVII. marked A. P. 200 C H A P. Xi. SECT. . Of Wvounds. p. 202 SEC T. II Of Burns. p. 206 C H A P. XII. Of Ulcers. S E C T. I.Of fimple Ulcers. p. 208 SECT. IT. Of the Glanders p. 211 SECT. III. Of thePoll-Evil. p. 2I2 Explanation of the Plate, Tab. XXVIII. P. 213 S E C T. IV. Of a FJlula in the hithers. p. 2I8 Explanation of the Plate, Tab. XXIX. ibid. C H A P. XIII. Of Lamenefs proceeding from Strains, and other Aocidents. SECT. 1. Of SSrains in the Shoulder. p. 224 S F C T II. Of Stains of the Knees and PaJlerns. p. 227 SEC T. CONTENTS. III. Of Strains in the Coffin. p. 228 IV. Of Strains in the Back-Sinew. ibid. V. Of Lamenefis in the Stifie. p. 230 VI. Of Lamenefis in the Whirl-Bone and P. l2-3 1 VII. Of Strains in the Hock. p. 232 VIII. Of the Sallenders and Alallenders. P. 233 C H A P. XIV. Of the Difeafes of the Feet. SECT. I. Of Aarrow Heels. S E C T. II. Binding of the Hoof. SE C T. III. Of Sand Cracks. S E C T. IV. Of a Quitter or Qdittor. Explanation of the Plate, Tab. XXX. S E C T. V. Of the Greafe. S E C T. VI. Of a running 13hru/h, or Frujh. S E C T. VII. Of a Canker in the Foot. Explanation of the Plate, Tab. XXXI. Fig. I. A P P E N D I X. The Method of Tiring Horfes. Some Direlions concerning Gelding, Doch.kA P. 234. p. 235 p. 236 P. 237 ibid. p. 238 ). 241 P. 242 and 111. p. 243 p. 24; , &c. P. 24t Some nece/fary Cautions with regard to Shoei;ng. p. 2,4 An Alphabetical Lii of the Names of all the Drvg; and Ingredients, ufed in the Medicines contained iA the new Treati e on the Dfeaqfes of Hoifes. An Index of Difeafes, with their Reniei.4.j SECT. SECT. S E C T. S E C T. Hip. S E C T. S E C I'. Dircctions to the Book-binder for placing the Copper-Plates. Table XXIL Tab. XXiII. Tab. XXIII. Tab. XXIV. lab. Ta 4ib. Tab. Fhr. Il. Fig. II. Fig. I. See the Cut, xxv. XXJI. Fig. I. See the Cut, XXVL. Fig.lI. and II. XXVII. marked A. xxvI". xxix. Tab. XXX. Tab. XXXI. Fig. I. and II. Page I 78 183 183, 185 189 '9' .178, 195 198 200 213 21& 237 243 E R R A T A. Pagc Z9. 1. ro. for firong and griping, read firong they prove griping. P. 42. -. iq. /or to two, read two. P. 3.1. 24..for Anitolochia, read Ariftolochia. -. T. 1. 7. .r Hag's Evil, read Stag's Evil. P. 1. z2G. fr but -along, read along. i; f 1.7and O. for called by the Vulgar, Inflarm 1.-.ations or the Mi\tdri c or Skirt, re'al which ijs ,n inflammation of the Midrif, called by the X'Ul r r tI(r e Skirt4 Mr. G I B S O N's Short Pradical M E T H 0 D O F Cure for liorfes, &co I NTRO DU CTI ON. Of Feading HE New eafes of and Exercife. I Treatice on the Dif- Horfes is divided into f S i I; ; r g W I SSX E C i S N N g F j v F F X f g M X ! a X y S S t S i "X::S _Ah n i X .'..' 4;t.;;WXj7 ot a Horfe. three Parts. The Firfl containing -the ne- ceffary Things for the Knowledge The Second contains a fhort Abridgment of Anatomy. The Third contains an Account of their Maladies and Difeafes; with their Signs, Caufes, and Method of Cure. Concerning which it will be proper to ob- ferve, That the two firft Parts are already comprifed within as fmall a Compafs as the B Nature 2 Short Melhod of Cur4a Nature of each Subjed will admit; and that it is the prefent Defigi, only to, treat of the Laft Part, which is the Cute of the Difeafes: And, as Health is the chief Intention of This, there- fore we fhall follow the Method of our Au- thor, and introduce it with fome Infiruaions concerning Feeding and Exercife, and the right Manner of adminifring Medicines. In regard many of the Difeafes of Horfes proceed from fome ill Man agement in their Feeding, Want of proper Exercife, or fioin Excrcife ill-timed, or when it is too violent, or livcn to Excefs: Alfo allowing too much Water, or too little, .or letting Horfes drink at improper Times. The Signs of Now it ought to be laid down, as a fure Feath in a Mlaxim, that a Horfe is well and in goodplight, Blorfe. when he eats a moderate Allowance of Hay and Corn, when he drinks a moderate Quan- tity of Water, endures his Exercife well, with- cut being faint or difpirited; when his Exer- cife does not take him off his Stomach, but rather quickens his Appetite;. when his Coat lies fmooth, and looks wholefome; we -may Phyfc no conclude fuch a Horfe to be free from Sick- waYsi' enf nefs, and therefore to give him any thing by fary for way of Prevention, muff, in a great meafuiv, Hjorfes when be fuperfluous, if not hurtful. in Hcalth. No Horfes are better fed than our own; -Our Proven- we have the bell Corn and Hay that is to be der fuited to met with in any Country. Our Oats, when theConflitu- they are well ripened, or kiln-dryd, make a tins Hofrfes more hearty and durable Diet- than Barley, an d are much more fuilted to the Confritutions of our own Horfes, as we find by Experience. The QuIli- As for Hay, that Sort is bell and moft ties of fI3y. wholeforne, which is hard, of a pale Green, See New and fUlleft of the Herb and Flower, and to Tteatii, loer Ve. . P. be preferred to that which is foft, and without i66. Flavour; Of Feeding and Exeroife. 3 Plavour; tho' there is fome Hay which will be good and fweet, tho' it has much loft the Flavour. As to mow-burnt Hay, they may eat it for a Change, but not for Conflancy, becaufe it is apt to bind, and make fome Horfes too coftive. It may be given to fiCk Horfes, in fome Cafes, when they will relifh no other, and is better than new or foft Hay, exciting them to drink plentifully, which is always a great Benefit, helps to dilute their Blood, and promote the glandular Difcharges. New Hay is never reckoned fit for any but working Horfes; for, till Hay has fweated out its fu- perfluous Moifture, it abounds with crude, vifcid Juices, which are hard to digeft, and therefore may caufe Sicknefs, or breed impu- rities in the Blood; fo that it is not fit to be given till the Spring, or at leafi till after Chri//- mas, to Hoxfes that are not in hard Labour or flrong Exercife. Rye-Grafs Hay is feldom given but in the Rye-Grafs Months of AuguJi and September, except to the ay. horned Cattle. Before A'Iichaelmas it is tolerably hard and dry; and many feed their working Horfes with it, mixt with dry Clover; but af- terwards it imbibes fo much Moifture, that it becomes unwholefome, and few Horfes that have been ufed to good Hay care for it. As for Clover, either green or dry, it is very fur- feiting, unlefs it be given fparingly; though moft Horfes have a good Relifh to it, and when they are fuffered to eat much of it, of- ten produces Cholics, and many fatal Difor- ders, which the Farmers, who feed much with it, often Experience among their own Horfes, to their Coft. All kinds of Hay fhould be given as frefh as poffible from the Stack, efpecially in wet Seafons; for at fuch Times, even the beft, B :z will 4 Oatsq, their Properties. Vt I. 1. p. 170. Reans, their IProperties and Ure. Short Method of Cure. will imbibe a great deal of Moiffure, and foon turn foft and mufty in the Hay-lofts. Some Horfes will not feed well upon it; and when they do, it often proves injurious and hurtful to them. Soft Hay, of all others, imbibes Moijiure the cafieft, and retains the EffecEs of it the longeft, which generally turns it rotten and unwholesome, and fo affords but a crude, faint Nouriffiment ; and thofe Horfes that are forced to feed upon it for want of a better, are generally weak and faint, and in time (rrow difeafcd, if they continue long in the Ufe of it. When Hay is rotten and full. of Du'11, and the Feeder can have no better, he lhould (hake the Duft out of it as much as poffible; for, befides that the Duff is unplea- fant to a horfe, it is alfo very hurtful, and apt to breed Vermin. Long Hay is more dufty than fhort, even though it be well got, and ihould be well (hook before it is put down in- to the Rack. The fhort Hay is always the beft, and generally full of Sced, and needs no Preparation; for the Hay-feed, when fweet and dry, will never hurt any Horfe, and, when it falls into the Manger, they will of- ten lick it up before they eat their Hay. Olats are the next thing to be confidered in a Horfe's Diet. Oats are cleanfing and open- ing and inwardly healing; and our Horfes fel- dom receive any Damage from their Oats, un- lefs they be given with too liberal a Hand, and then they are heating., and they will eat but little Hay: But Horfes that eat little Hay, and many Oats, though their Flefh is gene- rally firm, yet they feldom carry any Belly; and if they have not a good dceal of Exercife, are apt to fall into Fevers, or breed Surfeits. Beans are another Part of our Horfe's Diet, which, however, are chiefly ufed with Bran or Of Feeding and Exercife. 5 or Chaff, and by fome on the Road with Oats, but they are inofly given to Coach-Horfes, and others that are conflantly in Draught. They afford the Urongefi Nourifhment of all other Grain, and will enable Horfes to go through a great deal of heavy Labour: But in fome Seafons they breed a kind- of Vermin, which the Farmers call the Red Bugg, and is reckoned dangerous; and therefore, the beft way, at fuch Times, is to have them well dried and fplit. Peas, when they are hard and dry, have a Peas. near Affinity to Beans. As for Pea-Straw, or Pea-Ham, which Farmers give to their Cart- Horfes, it is but a coarfe kind of Seed, and only a piece of Frugality, becaufe they can put it to no other Ufe. They alfo give their Horfes a good deal of Chaff amonrg their Oats, which is not amifs when it is fweet and frcfh; but if it is mufty and old, it is apt to breed Vermin; and even the beft Chaff, when it is given in too great Quantities, to Horfes that do not work, it makes them grow pot-bellied; and, if long continued, will breed foul Blood, and turn them difeafed. Bra.n is a ufcful Ingredient in a Horfe's Branitsufie. Diet, and, when i'alded, is a kind of Pana- da for fick Horfes: But nothing is worfe than a continued Ufe of Bran, either raw or lcald- ed, as it is apt to relax and weaken fiiorfIes Bowels too much, and thereby expofe them to many Evils, as Botts, &c. Grafs fIeens to be the mobf natural Food of Feeding at Horfes; but the Coldnefs of our Soil and Grafs, ee. Climate, makes it not fufficienit Nou ifliment to ftrengthen a Horfe for hard Labour, with- out an Addition of dry Provender. However, moft of our fpare Horfes in the Country are kept much at G-rafs, both to fave Charre and B 3 Trouble; 6 Short Method of Cure. Trouble; where, for the moft part, they do indifferent well, efpecially thofe that are ha- bituated to that kind of Living. Many Gen- tlemen keep their Hunters abroad all the Year with good Succefs, where they have a Stable in fome convenient dry Field, with Hay at all times for them to come to as they pleafe, and where they can fhelter themfelves from tile Inclemency of the Weather. Thefe Horfes are feldom fick or difeafed; and as they move and reft themfelves at pleafure, fo their Limbs are always clean and dry, and, with a Feed or two of Corn, do their Morn- ing s Work, and go through a Chafe, as well, and frequently better than thofe that are kept conflantly in the Houfe, and have a great deal of Airing and Dreffing beftowed on them. Our Farmers alfo keep moft of their Horfes abroad in the Winter, where they take their Chance till the Froft and Snow comes on; or when the Weather happens to be very rainy, that the Ground grows pouchy, and then they fodder them in their Yards, or near their Houfes, fo as that they can come into the Stables, or under Shades, which fome build for the Conveniency of their Cattle. The Proper- That Grafs is always reckoned the beft, ties of Grafs. which is fhort, thick, and on dry, but fer- tile Ground, that needs but little Manure; efpecially fuch as has always been made ufe of only as Pafture, and has little or no other Dunging, but what the Animals themfelves leave upon it; therefore moft Horfes thrive better on Commons, or on the Grafs that grows near Commons, than on Meadows that have been often mowed, and have had feveral Crops of Hay taken off them. For though Horfes will grow fat upon fuch Grounds when they have good 'Water, yet they are not apt to hold Of Feeding and Exercife. 7 hold their Flefh, nor to ftand fo well after- wards, unlefs in dry Seafons, when they feed altogether on the Root, on which bare Pafture-, Hories will grow extremely fat; for the Roots of mofi kinds of Grafs are very cAolirg and agreeable to the Confihtution of Horn(fs, and have more of a Diuretic Quality than the Herb. The Fields which lie near great Towns, and are much dunged, cannot be fo well re- commended either for Flay or Pafture, as thofe that lie more in the Country, and are not lo much forced, ncr fo much exhaufted with heavy Crops. WVhere Grounds arc naturally poor, tho' the Loads of Dung will make them yield a plentiful Crop to the Owner, yet they sTe tifew often prove injurious to the Horfes that feedVol I p. upon them, efpecially if they go the whole 174. Summer. Many Horfes are alfo injured by running at Grafs on cold clay Grounds; but if Horfes are turn'd out on the Clay, they ought by no means to run late in the Year, but fhould be taken up before the latter Rains; for unlefs they be uncommonly hardy, they may receive great Damage, becaufe the Water never finks deep enough in thofe Grounds. The Salt Marfles, alone the River Thames, The Salt are as good Paflure for Horfes as any about ol.jl7SP London, where many run all the Year round 177. in open Seafons; this is the fureft Rule to go by. The greateft Danger is from the deep Ditches, fome of which have their Bottoms of a kind of Lome engendered by the Weed, which comes into them in great Plelity at high Water; and if a Horfe that is a Stranger to there Grounds, happens in Leaping, or any other Wray, to ftep into one of them, he may run the Hazard of being loft, unlefs he be dif- B 4. covered 8 Sbort Metbod of Cure. covered in -time. Sometimes Horfes have been wafhed away with the Spring-Tides, by going too near ,the Dykes; but thefe Acci- dents feldom happen, not only becaufe the Marlh-men are always upon the watch at fuch times, but moff Horfes have generally fo much Sagacity, that themselves are foon aware of the Danger, and will very carefully avoid it. But though we hoare the greateft Variety of Food for our Horfes of all Kinds, both of Grafs and dry Meat, and in the greateft Plenty, yet many are but indifferent Managers in dif- penfing it, for want of fufficient Experience in fuch Matters: Though it muft be acknow- leged, that forne Gentlemen, who in a parti- cular manner take pleafure in their Horfes, and vifit them often in their Stables, and dired their Feeding and Exercife with great Skill and Judgment, who, it is not to be doubted, will give their Approbation to what our Au- thor has further advanced on this ulrful Subjed;. Direeions Now as to the exadt Quantity of Hay and for Feeding Corn which is to be given to any Horfe, that Vol th Hu cannot be certainly afcertained, but every Man ISO. muff ufe his Own. Difcretion, as he finds what the Conftitution of his Horfe will bear; for fome Horfes are much better Feeders than others, and at the fame time require more Food; other great Feeders muff be flinted in their Diet, when it only produces a bad Blood, and fills them full of gumours, or endangers their Wind. Horfes require lefs Food when they Rfand in the Stable, as happens Sometimes in bad Weather, without Exercife, or when Horfes have but little Exercife; and it ought to be a conflant Rule to feed Horfes in pro- portion to the Work add Service required of them; and therefore all Hunters, Coach- Horfes S Of Feeding and Exerci:e. 9 Horfes, and Horfes that are much on the Road, or work hard in any kind of Drudgery, ihould be well fed, otherwife it is impoflible they can go through their Bufinefs to their Owners Satisfadion. When a Horfe mangles and leaves his Hay, Horres that and yet has no manifeft Signs of Sicknefs, that a"e their generally happens either from his having too much Hay given him, or too much Corn, which kind of Management makes fome Horfes loath their Hay; and therefore, when that is the Cafe, his Corn fhould be abridzed; nei- ther fhould his Allowance of Hay be aug- mented till he recovers his Appetite, other- wife he will by degrees fall fo far off his Sto- mach, that he will lofe his Belly, and look iniferably; and nothing will recover himn but Grafs, or fome other Change of Diet. Young Horfes that have firong Appetites, Young and have not done growing, fhould be in- Horfes, of . , . +-,. . lfirong. cr.aw- duLged more in their Feeding, than thofe that ing A1pe- are come to their full Growth and Maturity; tites, how to and if their Exercife be but little, fo as tobe managed obligre their Dict to be leffened, in that Cafe it will be convenient to lay a little fweet Straw before them often; for a young Horfe that has a craving Appetite, is never eafy to Rfand to an empty Rack, but will always be in tome -Mifchief, either entangling himfelf in his Col. Jar, or kicking againft the Stall, or againif the Pofts; and fome are continually nibbling the Rack and Manger, and in the end turn Crib- biters, which is as bad a Mifchance as can befal a Horfe. This feldom happens but to Horfes that Rfand idle while they are breeding their Teeth; Working is the beft thing to pre- vent it; but where Horfes have but little WVork, which is often the Cafe of Troop- Jlorfes, and foine Coach-Horfes, therefore the bcft To Short Method of Cure. Crib-biting, beft way is to have a little frefh Straw con- how pre- ftantly in their Racks, when they have eat up waentd. their Allowance of Hay; and fometimes to be ftrapp'd back, to keep them from this ugly Trick,, which at laft grows into an incurable Habit. The Advan- But Exercife, duly given to Horfes that are tages of Ex- well fed, is not only the beft Means, of all Vol. I. P. others, to prevent ill Habits, but to preferve si9. them in a perfedt State of Health: Though when Horfes grow old, their Appetites are more moderate, and Reft is oftentimes more agreeable to them than Labour. Neverthelefs, Exercife is, more or lefs, abfolutely neceffary for all Horfes, young or old. The tight It has been already obferved, That a Horfe's Time aid Food ought always to be proportioned to his Manner of Exercife. Exercife; but the Time and the Manner of Vol. L. p. his Exercife is alfo to be regarded: For if a iS3. Horfe happens, either to be w orked at an un- feafbOnahle Time, or beyond his Strength, it will be more injurious to him than if he had not been work'd at all. Therefore this gene- ral Caution is always needful, viz. Never to ride a Horfe hard; or put him upon any violent Exercife, when he has been newly fed, and has had his belly-full of Meat or Water; but fhould be moved out at firft gently, and he will naturally mend his Pace as his Food and Was ter begins to affuage, when his Rider may urge him on to further Speed. When a Horfe is hot with Riding, or any other fharp laborious Exercife, he (hould be cooled by degrees; and therefore when a Man has travelled hard on a Journey, or when Horfes have been driven hard in a Coach or Chaife, it is not fufficient, after they come to their Baiting-Place, or End of their Day's Journey, to walk them about in HIand for half an Of Feeding and Exercise. I I an Hour or more, which is ufually done; but ilow Horres their Pace fhould alfo be flackened for a Mile are to be ma- or two before they come in, and after that, tntag ind fhould be alfo walked fome time in Hand, that on the Road. they may cool gradually before they are Vol. 1- P brought into the Stable, with a thin Cloth laid I84. over each, if they have been uifed to it. This is the fafefi Way with young Horfes that have been kept well, and work'd but little. And when fuch Horfes come late to the End of their Day's Journey, or when the Weather is fo bad that they cannot be walked about in Hand, they fhould then be well rubbed ail over their 3odies and Limbs, till they are quite cool, without taking off their Harnefs and Saddles, then they muft be cloathed. Another neceffary Caution for the Prefer- vation of our Horfes, is, never to feed them too foon after they have been heated with Ex - ercife; nor give them Water whil c thcy are hot; but when they travel gently, and con- tinue feveral Hours upon the Road, and their Mouths are parch'd and dry, they fhould be indulged with Water at any convenient Place, for they often fuffer for the Want of it. When they are over-heated, it is not right to feed them till they grow cool, and therefore, in all fuch Cafes, they fhould have nothing at fi-ft but clean Hay given by Handfuls, at proper Intervals, until they are perfedfly cool, and then they may have both their Water and Meat in fufficicnt Quantity; only with this Caution, That if the are to travel further the fame Day, their eed fhould be but fmall, and at Night a full Feed given at twice, which every one will find by Experience the beft way to go through their Work with Safety. The Method made ufe of in feeding Coach- Horfes upon the Road, by giving them Bran with x2 Short Method of Cure. with a few Beans, before their Oats, is not at all amifs, becaufe their Work makes them perfpire fo very much, that without fomething of this kind they would be faint, or apt to grow coftive in long Journeys, which would be injurious to them. The Bran keeps their Bodies open, and the Beans is a Stay to keep the Bran from fcouring, which is another Ex- treme Horfes of weak Bowels are apt to be flubjea to on a Journey, and is no lefs inju- rious than Coftivenels; but then Care fhould be taken that the Bran be frefh, and the Beans -)ld, fod nothing will furfeit more than muffy ir-an ar d new Bcans; neither fthould the Beans be given too liberally, but only as a Corredfor of the Bran, to make it lefs llippery. Verfes newly Hordes newly come out of the Dealers brought tfrm Hands, havc oftentimes been long in the Keep- te fleah-rr how co be iig of Countrdy Jockeys before they are brought inanagtd. to LorndGn, and lo extremely fed there, where vl P a1ll things are cheap, that many of them re- quire a grcat deal of Management before they can be put to any Ufe: For tho' our Dealers here in London' give them a few Gallops backwards and forwards, in their own Rides upon Litter, vet this but fmall, and no ways proportioned to their Food, which they difpence with a Ii- beral Hiand, to keep them in fuch Order as to render th(m the more faleable: So that too much Exercife, if they had proper Conve- niencies, and Hands to do it, would by no means anfwer their End: And therefore when a Hodie nnewly brought from the Dealer, or ;iv other, that has been kept a long time without fufficient Exercife, is to be put upon l3ifirnels, foimre proper Preparation ihould be Inade for it, whiich ought to be fo accommo- dated as the Circumftances of Time and Place, tind other Requifites will allow. Now - Of Feeding and Exercife. i 3 Now it muff be obferved by the way, thIt The Diffe- the Difference of Conititution Horfis, may reuncetoon- render the Time of Preparation for Bufine's be regarded. uch fhorter in fome than in others. For fome Dorfies are fo very hardy, that fcarce any Er- ror in- the way of Feeding, or any Mifima- nagrement or Negle& in other ReI'pctis will hurt them. We fometimes meet with a Horfe that has ftood a whole Winter at full Feed, and in all that time had fcarce travelled far- ther than the Water-trough, go all on a fud- den into other Hands, who have put him im- mediately on very hard Service, without any Accident, or perhaps the leaft Failure in the Accomplifhment of his Work, or fuffering any Damage by it afterwards. And fometimes we meet with infrances of I-lorfes newly taken up from Winter Grafs, or other foggy Diet, performing, a Journey well, or even go a Hunt- ing,, without any Preparation: But thefe In- ftances are very rare, and feldom or never to be met with among the fineft of our bred Horfes, that derive their Blood originally from a warmer Climate, and have more of Deli- cacy than moft of our common Horfes. NVe may alfo obferve, even among our bred Horfes, that fome of them require lets Preparation to fit them for Bufinefs, than others. But as it is impoffible the bottorn'd Goodnefs of any Horfe can be perfetly known without a futfl- cient Trial, and as this may alfo be uncertain, becaufe Sicknefs and unforefeen Accidents - may alter and change the radical Cordlitution of any Horfe, therefore the furefi Way is ne- ver to venture upon any laborious Bufinefs, until he has been thoroughly feafoned with fo- lid Food, and conflant Exercife. When a Horfe is jukf come out of the De.al- er's Hands, or if he has flood long in the Staltle, I 4 Short Method of Cure. Why fo Stable, eating full Meals, and grown fat for znafncdyorfes want of xercife, he fhould at firIt be very when they gently ufed; for when Exercife is fuddenly Ocome filt in- attempted, while a Horfe is in this plethorif, to Bofiriefs. and indeed morbid State, and, to make ufe of ee Vol. the common Phrafe, difturbs all the Humours, the firIt thing fhould be Bleeding and lowering their Diet; which, however, fhould not be fo much abated as fome have imagined, for a Horfe may fuffer as readily by a too great and fudden Diminution of his Food, as by an In- creafe of it, especially the weaker and more Exercife af- celicate fort. Walking Exercife is the mof ter Bleeding, proper to begin with, and this fhould be in neceffAIy. the open Air in good Weather; for Horfes that have been kept long in a hot Stable, cloathed, and high fed, are very unable to en- dure the Rain, but for the moft part catch in- veterate Colds when they go out, in wet Weather; and for the fame Reafon their Stable fhould at firft be moderately warm, and their clothing leflkned by degrees; and for want of thefe Cautions, many Horfes foon begin to look very miferable, after they trome out from the kindeft Maiters, who fill their Bellies, keep them in double clothing in very hot Stables, and girt as clofe as they can bear, round their Bellies, with broad Sarcingles, and never fuffered to breathe any Air, but their own hot Steams, and the Steams that come from other Horfes. This renders it abfolutely neceffary to take fuch Horfes into the Air, and, at the fame time be careful they may not catch cold. They fhiould be walked in it at leaft two Hours in a Day, and the farther they are car- ried from home in that time, the better. Af- ter a Week, or a Fortnight, a Horfe may be walked out twice a Day, if the Days are of fufficient Of Feeding and Exercife. fufficient Length, two Hours in the Morning, ;nd two Hours in the Afternoon; and as his Spirit and Vigour increases, fo his Exercii' may alfo be increafed: And after he has been about a Month under this Ufage, it will be proper to repeat the Bleecding to cool his Body, and to give him a Feed of fcalded Bran, two or three times a Week, to keep him from growing coftive; and if he refi 1es to eat it fcalded, which forne Florfes do that have been much cloyed with hot AMeat, it may be given ravw, and mixed with his Oats. It is always a good Sign of Amendment in signs of the Habit or Conftitution of a Horfe, when Thriving his Thirit and Craxing, after Water abates, and Ameni- i"' mennt. for moft Horfes that have been in good Keep- ing, with little Exercife, are always thirfty when they come firic into Bufinefs; for while tthleir Blood is thick and fizy, their Mouths are dry and clammny, and their Secretions very imperfe6l; and a good way to prevent this, and many other Accidents, is too feed early, that he may ftand fome time to an cmpty Rack', or upon his Bit, before he is taken abroad, that both his Hay and his Corn may in ibme degree be digefted; for many Horfes, when they are newly fed, crave after Water as foon as they go out, though they have been watered before in the Stable; but as this Dif- pofition abates, it is a Sign the Conriftution mends. Another good Sign is, when his Sweating abates; for every one knows, that a foul Horfe will fweat on the leaft Exercife, and oftentimes ftanding at reft in his Stall; but when the Sweating abates, or does not turn white like a Sope-lather, but runs off like Water, it is generally a fure Sign that his Blood and Juices are mended; for a thick, vifcid i 6 Short Method of Cure. vifcid Biood, always produces a clammy and froths Sweat. When a Horfe's Coat lies 011fe. and hfines, when his Legs keep clean, aiind do not fwell in the Stable, when his Limbs always feel cool and firm, when he feeds heartily, when he lies down and rifes with a good Spring, when he Wretches and Signs of fhakes himfelf; thefe are all Signs of Health Health' and and Vio-our. So that his x-ercife may be ff111 Vigour. increafed, and at the fame time he may be in- dulged in a more liberal Diet. N et fome of thefe Horfes are much more dif-cult to be fecaoned, and rendered fit for BufIncfs, than others: Some have been fo much glutted with Food, and have been fo loner in the Dealers Hands, that all the Care and Management in the WVorld proves infuf- The urual ficient to bring them to any tolerable Appe- accidents tite ; and while a Horfe continues in this man- that apen he is fit for no kind of Ufe. Others will ljater _hi1l ncr,I Feeding, and fced heartily on all that comes before them; want ot LX- but by reafon of the extreme Sizinefs, and rrcide. other DifQrders of their Blood, fall lame, even in the mildeft and gentleft Exercife: And this is that fort of Lamenefs which is faid to proceed from Humours, and comes infenfibly, without any Strain or Violence. Both thefe kinds of Horfes will continue to fweat- very much with their Exercife; the latter, by rea- fon of Pain in his Joints and Mufcles; and the former, from mere Debility and Weak- Trhe Necef- nefs. Thefe are Cafes which often require ytv of Purg- Purging, and other Evacuations; but this Me in fuch lhould never be gone about until the Heat and tes. Inflammation of their Blood, proceeding from their previous high Keeping, is abated; after which it may be done with great Safety, and with good Succefs, except where the Cafe is obhtinate. A poor Feeder Sfiould have his Phyfic Of Feeding and Exerci/e. I Phyfic exceeding mild, and fuch as will not inflame, but cool the Body, and -ikewiie ftrengthen the Solids, which in fuch a State are greatly relaxed; and at the fame time -may. carry off the Slime and Crudities of the Sto- mach and Bowels, which weakens Digeffion,. and by that means tranfmits a crude Nourifh- ment into the Blood. But where a Horfe, at the fame time he feeds well, is fubjed to Lame- nefs that moves from one Part to another, his Phyfic may be made of fufficient Strength to reach the Obftrudions of the remoteft Parts: And moft Horfes that come out of the Dealers Hands ought to be purged, as foon as the Ef- feds of their grofs Feeding is fomewhat carried off, with Bleeding, a lower Diet, and moderate Exercife; for till then Purges are apt to in- flame their Blood, and create many other un- towardly Diforders. We often find Horfes, at firM, catch very obfti- How to be nate Colds, which pull them down, and hinder managed their Thriving; and the longer they have been in when they the Dealers Hands, the greater is their Danger; and therefore this one Caution may be again re- peated, not to abate their clothing too fuddenly, but by degrees-; to keep them at firft with a double Sarcingle, not bound tight, and fo by degrees to a fingle one, for a Belly that is in creafed by Bandage, however well it may lock to the Eye for the prefent, can be no Benefit, but a Detriment to the Horfe. Horfes newly bought of the Dealers, fhould alfo be put. into warm Stables, in Standings that have not lain empty, but where other found Horfes have flood, which is the beft Airing of all others for Horfes Apartments. And this Caution is the more necffary, becaufe the Colds that arife from fuch Extremes, are very apt to produce Fevers of the worft kind, and to leave fome Taint behind them, even when their Fe- C vers is Short Method of Cure. vers go off, unlefs where they are managed with more Skill and Judgment than what is ufual, and are afterwards forced to be turned to Grafs, to have along Run there, before they are fit for any Ufe. A Summer's Such Horfes as have ftood long in Houfe, RunatGrafs glutted with Food, fuffocated with Heat and fometimcs neceffary. want of Air, and enervated for want of Exer- Vol. 1. p. cife, tho' they may be clean fed, yet they are 196. apt to grow fo full of Humours, that they re- quire to run a confiderable time abroad at Grafs, to cleanfe them before they are fit for Bufinefs; and indeed Grafs is a vaft Benefit to them, as it is tneir moft natural Food. And when Horfes do not thrive at Grafs, it is often owing to fome Mifmanagement, fuch as turn- ing them out of a hot Stable abruptly. About the latter End of Arch, or Beginning of April, in the fiharp eafferly Winds, or in the latter End of the Year, when the Nights are long, and the heavy Rains begin to fall, many Horfes fuffer from there Errors; and when it is fo, the only Remedy is to continue them abroad, for what Damage they receive from the Cold in the Spring, generally wears off when the young. Grafs comes up in Plenty, and the Weather grows warm. And as for thofe that go out in the latter Part of the Year, they fhould always be fent where the Grounds are dry, and where they have Stables, or fome other good Shelter from the Weather; but fine Horfes, that have flood all the Winter clothed and well fed, in a warm Stable, muff not be turned out too early; for tho' we daily fee coarfe plain Horfes turned out to Grafs at all times, without any Care or Concern in the Owners, and come to no Hurt, yet it often happens otherwise to fine Horfes, that have been delicately kept, and therefore thefe fhould always be prepared for Grafs firif, by Of Feeding and EJxercife. 1 9 by leaving off their Clothing gradually, giving them more Air in their Standings, walking them often abroad, or fuffering them to lie on their wet Litter, and at the fame time lowering their Diet, and feeding them only with Hay: And where there is not time for Preparation, two or three Purges may be given; only in this Cafe let the Iorfes have fome Refpite after them, before they are turned out, for Horfes that are fomewhat reduced in their Flefh, always thrive better than thofe that are turned out fat and full of Blood. The belt Grafs we have for reffifying the The Salt Conifitutions of Horfes, is the Salt Marihes, Marfhes oft which recover great Numbers beyond all Ex- propere peffation in chronical Diftempers, efpecially where their Vitals happen to be found, or but little tainted. And when a diftempered HoFfe dies fuddenly at the Marfhes, it is a good Rid- dance to the Owner. Thofe who have not the Convenience of the Marfhes, may turn their Horfes out on fome other good Pafture, in a moderately warm Soil, where the Grafs is fine, and has never been forced with Dung, or other unkindly Manure, and where there is good Water and proper Shelter. Many Horfes, when they come out of the The Signs Dealers Keeping, fall lame with Rheumatic and Caufes Diforders, as foon as they are put to any Kind tarequir of Bufinefs; others, for want of fufficient Ex- Soiling. ercife, or thro' very foul Feeding, or many Vol. I. from other fuch Caufes. And the Reafon why they Milt.0keZ often fail of fuccefs at Grafs, is much owing concerning to Negligence in choofin a proper Pafture, Grafsp.2oZ which fhould be the 'driel that can be found; The Reafom for the lying on cold damp Ground muft natu- why they rally heighten the Malady, and a very rank Pa- often fail of o Succefs at flure will do the fame, even when the Ground Grafa is pretty dry. Neither fhould they be turned C 2 OtU 20 Short Method of Cure. out till the Weather is fomewhat warm; for when the Blood is of itfelf fluggifh in its Mo- tion, they are liable to many Accidents abroad, to which they are not expofed in the Houfe; for there, they often range over the Grounds till they are hot, to avoid the Stinging of the Flies, and gret immediately into the Ponds to cool themfelves, where they often Rand a con- fiderable time up to their Bellies, by which they greatly aggravate their Lamenefs; or thofe, where inftead of Ponds there runs fome Brook or Rivulet, where they can feldoim go above their Knees; or on fome good dry Com- mon, or on the Salt Marfhes; and with this Precaution, the Owner may expedt better Suc- cefs. But it is always right to bleed and purge fuch Horfes, before they are turned out, with thofe Things that are proper to attenuate the Blood, and to promote the Secretions, of which fome Forms will be prefcribed hereafter. And very often purging alone will cure Lameneffies of this Kind more readily than Grafs, where Horfes are expofed to all the above-nentioned, and Sometimes t4 maniv other Accidents. And fometimes they are cured by conftant and long continued Exercife, efpecially Journey-riding, which mav be eafily accounted for, efpecially in young Horfes; for, when Horfes grow old, the Succefs can never be certain. The Lame- But the Lameneffes which chiefly require ieffes of Grafi, are where the Mufcles of the difeafed Hforfes which Part are fhrunk, and require to be kept conti- chiefly re- rqiekp qairgGrafs. nuidlly in Motion, with the Help of a Pattin- Shoe on the oppofite Foot, to oblige the Horfe to keep his fhortened Limb upon the Stretch, whereby the wafted Parts are often again re- fiored to their ufual Dimenfions, and the Lame- nefs recovered. Horfes 0f Feeding and Exercife. 21 Horfes that have been fired for Lamenefs, Horfes that upon the Joints or large Sinews, when they are have been refted a fufficient time after the Operation, are alfo the better for going to Grafs, or running fbad-foot- abroad in fome open Place, to prevent Stiffnefs ed Hogfes. and Contra6lion. Some kind of bad footed Horfes, especially fuch as are the leaft brittle, hard, and flinty, become more foft and pliable by running abroad. Thofe that have their Feet impaired and cut to pieces, in the Cure of Quitters, and other Ulcers, and thofe that are Cure of worn down with Travelling or bad Shoeing, Qtuitters and other Ulcers. are always fooneft repaired at Grafs, with fe- veral other Defeds of the like Nature. Horfes Wornadown . . . s . with travel- may likewife be turned out after they have been 1ing cured 6f the Farcy, to wear out the Stiffnefs . and Callofity, till all the Scabs and Scurff comes Bad Shocing. off; but be careful that the Farcy is perfedly After the eradicated, otherwise it will foon' break out Farcy. again, Several other Cafes might be mentioned wherein Grafs is proper for Colts and young Horfes, before they are fit to put to Bufinefs. Horfes that have been long coftives where all proper Means have been ufed in vain to re- move it. In the next Place, we are to fhew what are The Ufe of the Defeds and Benefits of Soiling, and how Soiling. that ought to be managed. Soiling Horfes in the Houfe proves fometimes beneficial, and Sometimes hurtful, either when a Horfe's Cafe has not been rightly judged of, or when the Stuff made ufe of for Soiling happens to be bad. Geldings are not frequently foiled; and feldom Stone-Horfes, becaufe it is difficult to procure good Inclofures for them to run -fingle abroad, without much Charge and Trouble, for two of them will feldom agree long in one How to f Place. Moft of the Diforders for which Stone- Stone- C 3 Horfes Horfes. 22 Short Method of Cure. florfes are foiled, may be remedied by feeding with Straw for a time, inflead of Hay, which they will difpence with much eafier than Gel- dings; for many of our Geldings are apt to grow faint and weak without Hay; and few of them can be brought to eat Straw with Pleafure. When lame. If a Stone-Horfe happens to be lame in fuch manner, as to require a Place where he may range at Pleafure, then an Orchard, or fome Field that is well fenced, Ihould be provided for him; but if he has no Lamenefs, but fome other Diforder, as Heat and Eruptions on his Skin, that may require Soiling; or if Geldings or Mares are to be foiled for any fuch Difor- What Kind ders, Care Ihould be taken to provide fuch of Herbage Herbage for them as is oungv tender, and full fitteft forong Soiling of of Sap, whether green arley, Tares, Clover, Hoies. or any thing the Seafon produces; tho' green Barley is generally preferrd; but then it fhould be cut before it fhoots into the Ear, while it is full of Sap and Moifture; for afterwards it turns dry, and the Stem grows tough, and hard to digeft. The fame Caution is no lefs necef- fary with refpe& to Clover and Tares; that thefe be young, and cut frefh once every Day, or oftener, othermwrife they may eafily do more See Vol. . Hurt than Good. And therefore thofe who p. zo6. would fucceed well in foiling Horfes, Ihould be near the Place where it is cut, that it may be frefh every Morning, and leave off when it grows old and rank; or elfe to go on with fome other Herbage which is of later Growth, till the Horfe has been fufficiently cooled and purged. Cautions in When Horfes lofe their Flefh much in Soil- Soifing ing, they fhould be taken off to a more folid Diet, otberwife they will grow poor and weak, and it will be fome Time before they recover their Flefh. There is a great Difference be- tween Of Feeding and xert. 23 tween Soiling and Grafing, for if Horfes lofe their Flefh never fo much at Grafs, yet they foon grow fat after the Purging, for there they have the Benefit of the open Air; and therefore when a Horfe has done Soiling, he ought to be continued fome time on an open Diet, at leaft a Fortnight or three Weeks. A little fweet Bran may at firif be mixt with his Oats, and his Hay Sprinkled with Wa- ter, juft when it is put into the Rack, and every Day gentle Exercife, increafing both his Food and Exercife by degrees. He ihould And how to alfo be dreffed gradually, and littered down in be managed. the Night, and not to lie conftantly in his Lit- ter for the firft Fortnight; after which he may be curried and dreffed as uftual, and his Diet in- creafed, to render him fit for Bufinefs. As for Horfes 'newly taken up from Grafs, Horfes taken they require fomewhat different Management; IP from and this alfo various, according to the Time to be ma- they run abroad. Horfes that have only run naged. about a Month or five Weeks, at the Spring Thoe that Grafs, need not be fo much minded as thofe run in the that run the whole Summer; and thofe that Spring only. run the Summer only, are eafier habituated to the Houfe, than fuch as run the whole Year abroad; but fome few are fo hardy, they need but little Attention how they are ordered: Ne- verthelefs, when Horfes are taken up from Grafs into the Houfe, and put to hard Meat af- ter a long Difufe of it, they are at firfi apt to turn hot and coftive, which is ufually followed with other Diforders; therefore to avoid fuch Inconveniencies, they ought firft to have a Mixture of Bran, with a little chopt Straw, with their Corn, and fometimes a Feed of fcalded Bran, for a Fortnight, or longer, to keep them cool and open; after that, they may be allowed clean Corn, and Plenty of Water, C 4. given 24 Shert Method of Cure. given often in fmall Quantities, and at the fame time fhould have their Exercife abroad in the open Air. Direaions But Horfes that run the whole Summer at for Horfes Grafs, efpecially thofe of Value, ought always whole Sumnth to be taken up before the long Nights and latter mer. Rains; and fine thin-fkinn'd Horfes are feldom able to endure the Heavinefs of the Rains. Running Horfes that run abroad the whole Winter, abroaA nd near London, are generally brought into fome Winter. Vol. I. P. dry Ground, where they have Shades or Out- 110. houfes to go into, as foon as the Ground on which they were grazed turns pouchy: Here they continue till the Return of the Spring Grafs, which they go into as foon as it is ready for them, not waiting for warm Wea- ther; after they have had the Spring Grafs, they are generally fit to go into any Bufinefs. Thofe that run abroad in the Salt-Marfhes, are feldom houfed or brought under any Co- ver, and, for the mofi part, do better than thofe that are fodder'd all the Winter. But thofe that go on our common Paflures, either in cold clay Grounds, or where the Grafs is forced with Dung, require a good deal of Ma- nagement before they arc fit to be put on any Some Gne- hard Service. Now it ought to be a general ral Rules Rule in ordering Horfes newly taken up from concerning ... Airing and Grafs, to increafe their Airings and Exercife in Exercife. Proportion to the Time they have run abroad, and the Seafon in which they are taken up into the Houfe; and as their Airings and Exercife is increased, fo their Diet may alfo be augmented, beth as to its Quantity and Solidity, viz. by changing from a lower Diet, where there is a Mixture of Bran, and other loofe Food, to clean Oats and Hay: Neither fhould they at firft be Vol. I. p. fhut up in warm Stables, but in Stables that have been feafon'd with other Horfes; and where Of Feeding and Exercife. 25 where there is a free Air, and Places to let it in at Pleafure. Some give their Horfes Antimony after Antimonial, Grafs; fome Antimony and Sulphur in equal and other Quantities. Thefe are generally mixed with alterative their Bran, in which all Powders mix more ometdmes eafily than with Oats. Others give the Crocus neceffary af- Metallorum, or Liver of Antimony, with a-ter Grafs. View to fweeten their Blood, and keep them open: However, many Horfes will do very well without the Ufe of thefe Things, only by proper Airings and a well-managed Diet. The Antimonials are chiefly nececary to Horfes that are taken up in Winter, to warm and invigorate their -Blood, which indeed is the more wanting when the Grafs has been but indifferent, especially for thofe that go upon theAfter-marlh, where a large Crop of Hay has been taken off the Ground. This Sort of Grafs is plentiful about London, and fome other large Towns, in dripping wet Seafons, and the Horfes that feed upon it will be full of Flech after the hot Weather and the Stinging of the Flies is over; but on Grounds that have been much dunged, they often grow full of bad Blood, that requires Antimonials, or fome other Alterative, to corre&l it. But the Difpenfer of thefe Drugs, fhould be The Necefl;- careful to get them good of their Kind, other- ty of found wife they may lofe much of what they aim at; Drugs. the Antimony, that is in large Pieces, clear and lhining, the Colour of polifhed Steel, is always the bell; for that which is black and crumbly is not fo pure, and ought to be re- je6led. It fhould not be given in grofs Powder, Antimony as is generally praafifed, but pounded till it is good for very fine, otherwife little of it will enter into Coldsandrto the Mafs of Blood, but will Sometimes, efpc- Wind. cially when coarfe, and given in large Doles, make 26 Short Method of Cure. make Horfes fcower more than is neceflar; but when it is mixed with Sulphur, in mode- rate Dofes, it becomes ferviceable in carrying off thofe Coughs Horfes often bring with them from Grafs, about the Beginning of Winter, and helps to preferve their Wind. The Crocus Metalorum is generally fold for Liver of Anti- mony, the Difference being no other, than that the latter is not fo much divefted of its Sul- phur as the other, and therefore if the firft be The Quan- free from the Scoria or Drofs, the Dofe fhould tity of the not exceed an Ounce a Day; for when it is bagVen in larger Dofes, infread of promoting a Moifture and Breathing through the Skin, Vol. i. p. which is the Thing intended by it, it is apt .115i to create Heat and Drynefs in fome Conffitu- tions; and therefore when any fuch Effea hap- pens upon giving the Crocus Metalorum, that there is no kindly moift Feeling in the Skin, the BIeciing, beft Way is to bleed, and to leffen the Dofe to when necef- half an Ounce, and afterwards to increafe it; fn ry jInthis I Cal. t or rather, which is the better Way, to begin with crude Antimony and Sulphur, or Anti- the Livero mony and Gum Guiaeurn; and after the Blood Antimony has been gradually warmed, and attenuated and Crocus with thefe Things, Liver of Antimony may be Metalorum adminiftred with Succefs. with Succtfs. When Horfes are turned out to Grafs, and Manner a tery much loaded with Flefh, Purging, Bleed- Horfe is to ing, and Rowelling, may alfo be neceffary. be ordered - to fit him for The beft Way to prepare Horfes for Grafs, is G rafS to lay them upon their Dung, to open the Win- dows and Air-Holes, if it be in Summer, and lower their Feed. If a Horfe has any Kind of Phyfic given him before Grafs, it thould be milder than what is ufual, and compounded of the beft Drugs; for Sometimes the Effed of bad Drugs do not go off immediately, and be- fore that it will be dangerous for them to be turned out to Grafs. When Of Feeding and .Exercife. 27 When Horfes are taken up from Grafs, Purg- The proper ing is commonly good and neceffiry. Thofe Time of Purging after that have run all the Summer abroad, are apt Grafs. to have their Legs fwell when they come to Rfand in the Stable, and therefore ought to be purged; but this Ihould not be gone about immediately, while their Blood is poor, and abounds with thin watery Serofities, and their Spirits languid, till they have been repaired with a more gene- rous Diet; otherwife a Horfe will go through his Purging with fome Difficulty. But when a Horfe has been ufed to the Hfoufe, and had fome Feeding, and begins to thrive, but not fo as to have the Swelling of the Limbs come down, Purging will then be neceflury to dif- charge the vifcid Serofities out of his Blood. But the Purges proper in fuch Cafes fhouldWhat Sort always have a Mixture of Ingredients that are of Purges cordial, and at the fame time diuretic; other- are proper. wife they will do but little Service, and in fuch And Things Cafes fome Horfes cannot be cured but by the that promote moff powerful Diuretics, fach Things as Staling. promote Staling, joined with Reflringents, to 157 ald 1Z7. xecover the Tone of the Fibres. A Horfe ought by no means to be rowelled, Rowelling till his Conflitution be fomewhat amended, and needful. the watery Difpofition of his Blood fomewhat abated, by a more nourifhing Diet, for fear of Mortification; the fafeft Way is to drain off a great Part of the Water with proper Purges, See New proper L' ' "TratfD- but efi cially diuretic Drinks made up with ,eatie, B1D.- Steel Powders or Forge-water, to which mul fVoi. II. be joined moderate Exercife, and a good nou- 157 rifhing Diet, till the watery Difpofition which Precautions fhows itfelf about the Belly, Sheath, and Legs, concerning is abated. Thofe Horfes that ftand much in the Stable, FartherCau . and are full fed, require Bleedii'g and Purging tinonscgtn more than thofe that axe in collant Exercife; Bleedina atop but PurgrL-. 28 Short Method of Cure. but efpecially when their Eyes look heavy and dull, red and inflamed; or when, they look red or inflamed in their Lips and Infides of their Mouths; when they feel hotter than ufual, or Direations mangle their Hay. Thefe are all Indications for Bledin. that require Bleeding, and likewife to lower their Diet, until, they have more Exercife. Young Young Horfes fhould be bled when they are Hlorfes to be fhcdding their Teeth, which is a Relief to bled when them,- and removes thofe feverifh Heats to fhedding their Teeth. which they are fubje&E. The Spring is always When to a proper Seafon for Bleeding, becaufe their bleed Horfes. Blood is then more luxuriant than at other Times, and in Summer it is often neceffary, to prevent Fevters, always choofing the Cool of J1WI. I p. the Adorning, and keeping them cool the re- 219. mainingm Part of the Day. The Cafes But the Cafes that require Bleeding moff, that moft are Colds, Fevers of almoft all Kinds, Falls, require and Bruifes, which fometimes are dangerous to Eseding. FIorfes, becaufre of their great Weight; Hurts and W A.nds of the Eyes, Strains in hard Ri- ding or Drawing; and all other Accidents where a Stagnation of the Blood may be fud- denly expe6ed, or where the fmall Veffels may be broke, and the Blood extravafated. Thofe that refufe their Food after Riding, or any Sort of Work, require to be bled more frequently than others, to prevent Fevers and inward Inflammations of the Lungs, the Liver, or any other of the principal Vifcera. It is no lefs neceffary to bleed Horfes at Grafs, when the Purgation is over, that they begin to take on Flefh, or at any other Time when they look heavy about the Eyes; for this is a proper In- dication for Bleeding, and fome rank Paftures artherCau- require Bleeding more than others. Thefe Accidents, to which Horfes are often ceyr Purgi:g. cxpofed in the common Scrvices required of them, Of Feeding and Exercife. 29 them, need Purging, viz. to prepare them for Running, Hunting, or any other laborious Ex- ercife. If the purging Ingredients are good, and the Purges well made, they not only bring the Blood into a.better State than it was before, but by leffiening the Quantity of Fluids in Horfes that have been high fed, render them more fprong and vigorous, and confequently more able to endure Labour: But when their Purges are made too violently ftrong and gri- ping, efpecially when the Ingredients have been bad, and the Purges too itrong and ill- timed, and not giving them fome Feeds of fcalded Bran the Day before they are admini- fired; if a Horfe has been obferved to feed poorly for a confiderable time, his Purges Ihould be very mild, especially the firfi, not made of the common Plantation Aloes, but of the Succotrine, and mixed with diuretic Ingre- dients, to promote the Difcharges by Urine as well as of the Dung. The fame Care ought alfo to be taken in purging Horfes that are of a hot Temperament, and with their Fretting are eafily inflamed, and lofe both their Appetites and Flefh. ThefeiHorfes are no ways able to endure the common Purges, which are apt to caufe too great a Ferment in the Blood, and for the moft Part do not work off fo kindly as one could wifh, and therefore they (hould be mild, cooling, and well correaed. Purging is altb neceffary for Horfes in flub- Purging pro- born dry Coughs, that threaten their WVind, per in dry thofe especially that are great and foul Feeders; Cough&. it is impoffible to imagine the Benefit thefe re- ceive from Purging, more than from all the Pectorals that have ever been adminiftred in fuch Cafes, though it is always good to join thefe along with their Purges; in this Cafe alfio Purges are moft efficacious, when they are join'd voi. IX. I. with fome mile Mercurials. liorfes 63. 30 Short Method of Cure. What Kind Horfes that are fubje& to Rhetkms and De. cf Purgessare fluxions in their Eyes, often receive Benefit rtood for fute , EyesX from Purging; but their Purges fhould be little more than Alteratives, and fuch as promote Urine plentifully; for ftrong Purges, inifead of doing good to the Eyes, fix the Humours there, and render the Cafe more obftinate. Alfo for HU- A Horfe that has Humours flying about him mnours,Erup- that fometimes go off infenfibly, and difappear, timon, dry or if they break out in Impofihumes and Boils Warbles. that difcharge themselves, requires Purging, which is always neceffary after fuch Eruptions, as alfo after dry or moiftWarbles. Lameneltes Horfes that have thofe fort of Lameneffies proceeding"' that are faid to proceed from Humours, which -young Horfes-. 3 onm a fizy In fome are of the rheumatic Kind, but in Blood. young Horfes are for the moft Part owing to a fizy Blood, or to Exercife they have not been accuftomed to, breaking or bruifing the fmall Fibrille of the Mufcles; thefe Lameneffes are feldom fixed to one Place, as Strains, violent Blows, or any other Kind of Hurt caufed by external Accidents, but for the moft part always appear firft on one Shoulders then on the other, and often with a Straitnefs or Confinement from the Mufcles of the Breaft; and in Cafes where the Blood is in a very bad State, fhift from the Fore-parts to the Hind-parts, and in fome, will cramp almoft all the Mufcles of the Body to fuch a Degree, that there are many Horfes in thefe Circumfiances that rather creep than go. In this Cafe, Purging is not only ne- ceffary, but ought to be often repeated along with fuch other Medicines as are proper to at- tenuate and thin the Blood, and render it more fluid; for Want of due Mtotion in the Blood, ingenders many ill Qualities in it, and produces Lamenefs, and many other Evils, which will be treated of more fully in the enfuing Part of this Work, There Of rPurging Horfes, 3' There is Anotherl very common Cafe that re- Horfes of quires Purging, viz. Horfes of watry moifMif Conti- Confitutions, that are fubjed to Swellings in jea to swel- their Legs, which are fometimes dry, and go lings in their down with Exercife, but are apt to return and Legs, to be fwell again, whenever they come to fRand fill: purged. Sometimes they break, and run a fharp briny Ichor, which cannot be fo well removed any way as by Purging, efpecially with fuch Things as discharge the watery Serofities in great Plenty, and give a better Confiftence to the Blood. The M E T 1 O D of Purging Horfes ; witb proper Forms or Prefcriptions, and the Way of adminiflring tbem. B E F 0 R E a Purge is adminifter'd to any The Mamer D Horfe, fome Preparation fhould be made of preparing for it. A Horfe that is fat, and full of Flefh, Horfeis foc before Purging, he ihould be bled, and at the Purged fame time fhould have his Diet lowered for the Space of one Week, efpecially thofe that have been kept up for Sale. It is proper firft to give them feveral Feeds of fcalded Bran, before the firftc Purge, which fhould always be mild, un- The firft lefs where the Horfe's Conffitution is well Purge ought known to be hardy and ftrong; for fome Horfes to bc mild. are indeed fo ftubborn in their Conffitutions, that fcarce any thing will move them: For we often find one Horfe purge violently with a Dofe that will fcarce move another; and the fame Horfe will purge powerfully with a mo- derate Dofe at one time, and at another will purge but gently; this Change is often owing to 32 VoL. 1. p. 26, 227. Short Method of Cure. to the State of the Stomach and Guts at the Time when the Purge is adminifter'd. PRE SC RI PTI ON. Forms of C Take Succotrine Aloes, ten Drachms; Purges. " Jalap and Salt of Tartar, of each two Drachrns; grated Ginger, one Drachm; cc Chemical Oil of Anifeed, thirty Drops; Sy- ni rup of the Juice of Buckthorn-Beriies, fuf- " ficient to make it into a Ball, which may be rolled in Liquorice-Powder, or Flour." In what The Aloes Ihould be picked clean from its Manner droffy Parts, and then made into fine Powder; Purgesought the jalop fhould be frefh and newly powdered, to be pre- for it is apt to decay if it happens to be expofed in a damp Place, as all Roots and other Vege- tables are; and therefore the bell Way, when pounded, is to keep it in a wide-mouthed Phial, well corked, and in a dry Place, otherwise it may not anfwer ExpeSlation; whereas, if this Care be taken, it will always be a Stimulus to make the Purge work fmartly, and greatly con- tribute to drain off the fuperfluous Humidity from the Blood, and the finer Aloes will no lefs contribute to attenuate and diffolve its vifcid Cohefions. This will anfwer all the Ends of common Purging, where nothing elfe is required, efpe- cially for Horfes that are not extremely hard to purge; and when this happens, another Drachm. of Jalap may be added to the fecond Purge, that is, three Drachms inftead of two, which feldom fails of working effedtually, and with- out Danger. The M-inn'r All Purges fhould be given early in the Morn- of Oivin g ing, when the Days are long; and in Winter, Puroges, and about Eight of the Clock is the beft Time for Working them off. working off their Purges about the middle of the Of Purging Torfes. 3 the next Day, when it is the warmeft and the fittedl Timne for that Operation. They fhould be given fafting, and upon an empty Stomach; and about three or four Hours after, a Horfe that has taken a Purge fhould have a Feed -of fcalded Bran; and when he has eat that up, lhould have a fmall Portion of Hay let down into his Rack, which may be renew'd at proper Times, according to his Appetite. He may have one or two more Feeds of fcalded Bran the fame Day, and if he refufe to eat warm Meat, which fome Horfes will loath that have been cloyed with it before, he may be allowed raw Bran, which, if he drink fufficiently with it, will do the Bufinefs perfe6lUy well. All his Water fhould be made milk-warm, while the Purge is in his Belly, with a Handful of Bran fpueezed in it; but if he refufe to drink white Water freely, let him have it without the Bran, for his Purge will always work more kindly when he drinks. Early, the next Morning, he is to have another fmall Feed of fcalded Bran, if his Stomach ftands affedted to it. But if he does not choofe to eat, which Sometimes happens before the Phyfic has begun to work, when the Stomach is fqueamifh, then let him drink as much Water as he cares for, juft with the Chill taken off, and ride him gently, be- ginning with a Walk, and afterwards a gentle Trot, which will forward his Purging, and make him throw out plentifully. This fhould be done two or three times a Day, unlefs he purge violently; and if fo, once or twice a Day will be fuflicient. A Horfe, in Purging, Ihould never be rode A H.,r, in till he fweat, otherwise it will run off chiefly Purging, in Sweat and Urine; nor clothed with more than thould never be rode to a fingle Cloth; and his Hood tied on very loofe, make him th at it may be laid afide without lbanger when Sweat. D the 34. ShoSrt Method of Cure. the Purging is flopt. At Night he may be al- lowed a fmall Feed of Oats mixt with his Bran, and likewife the next Day, if his Purging con- tinues; but when that is gone off, he may be fed with clean Oats tll the Day before the net Purge, when it will be proper to feed again with. fealded Bran. Mofi of our Jockeys and Grooms work off their Purges with cold Water; fome Circum- ifances render it unavoidable, as when the coarfer Aloes are given; thefe Sort of Purges make them fo fick, that they will nDot touch Water if it be warmed; fo that it is better in fuch a Cafe to indulge them in drinking cold Cold Water Water, for Drinking always -fets their Purges a allowed to working, and helps to prevent the Danger that fome Horfis might happen from coarfe or ill-prepared Phfic. when Purg-il-rped y ing. Some Horfes that have nice and fqueamifh Sto- machs, Thould be allowed the fame Indulgence of drinking coldWater, even when their Purges are made of the beft Ingredients, and well cor- redted. Not that good and well-prepared Phyfic will hurt in any Degree; for if it does not work fenfibly in the Difcharge of great Quantities of Excrements, its Operations may be very effica- cious as an Alterative, to purify the Blood; tho' the Perfons concerned are apt to be greatly difappointed, if the Purge does not anfwerEx- peftation in the common way of emptying the Bowels. If a Horfe be of a robufi, fProng Conffitu- tion, and a good Feeder, he may be purged with the common Aloes; but the fafeft Way is the Succotrine, for many Horfes hav.e been The Danger kill'd in Purging with bad Drugs; and others of bad Drugs. have been fo jaded, that they have never to-. tally recovered; and fome that overcame the Shock were forced to lie by a confiderable time before they could be of any great Ufe to their Owners Of Purging Hortis. 3.5 Owners; all which was owing to the Badnefs of the Drugs, or to the ill-timing of the Phyfic, or mif-judging the Horfe's Conftitu- tion. If any one goes to an Apothecary or Dilg- gift, to have a Horfe's Purge made up, where Aloes is prefcribed, they feldom make it of the Succotrine, but ufe the Plantation Aloes- or the coarfe Barbadoes Aloes,. thefe being gene- rally ufed for Cattel. However, for Horfes of fmall Value, that are hardy, and good Feeders, or for thofe of ifubborn Conflitutionsi that cannot be eafily moved by mild Purges, the cleareft and beft of this Sort may be ufed; and many give it without any other Preparation than working an Ounce before the Fire, or kqueezing it in a warm Hand before the Fire, to make it into a Ball, and thrum it down without farther Cerenhony; but the true Way is to cor- re& it in the following Manner. " Take the beft Plantation Aloes, an Ounce, Forms of "frefh Ginger, grated, two Drachms; po,&Prgea' for the Aloes, very fine, with the grated Ginger, Horfes. "and a little Oil of Amber; and make it up " into a Ball with Syrup of Buckthorn, and; roll it in Flour or Liquorice Powder." Or this, " Take of the beft Plantation Aloes, an Oc 0unce; Caffile Sope, half an Ounce; Gin- " ger, two Drachms; or a Drachm-of Pow- der of Cloves; make it as the other, with a fuflicient Qjantity of Syrup of Rofes or Marlh-mallows, and roll it up as the other, in Liquorice Powder."- But the following, which has fo much of the Plantation Aloes in its Compofition, as to fli- mulate the other, and help its Operation, may D 2 be 36 Short Method of Cure. be fometimes given with good Succec to Horis of Value, that are of ftrong Conititutions, and hard to work upon. " Take the fineh Succotrine Aloes, one " Ounce; the beft of Plantation Aloes, and " Cream of Tartar, rubbed together till they " are well incorporated, of each two Drachms; " alfo frefh Jalap, in fine Powder, two " Drachms; Cloves, in Powder, one Drachm, " or two Drachms of grated Ginger; Syrup " of Damafk Rofes, fufficient to make it into ,' a due Confiftence; with fixty or a hundred '6 Drops of Oil of Amber." If the Horfe be of a grofs Conffitution, two Drachms, or half an Ounce of CaIfile Sope, may be fubflituted inflead of the Cream of Tar- tar, which will render it more cleanfing and deterfive, and more fafe and efficacious in car- rying off bad Humours, and cleanfing the Blood from its Impurities. Lquild Thofe Horfes that have a narrow Swallow, Purgch or rather thofe that take Balls with Reluaancy, may have the Purging-Balls diffolved in a little Water-gruel or Ale, juft milk-warm, and will come with a great deal lefs Trouble and charge than Infufions and Decolions of Sena, Rhu- barb, or any other of the purging Ingredients fit for this Purpofe. Indled, laxative traughts are often made ufe of in feveral of theDif- cafes of Horfes, but thefe will be mentioned hereafter, in thofe.Cafes where proper; and alfo other Forms of Purges fuited to the feveral Difeafes. However, it is proper to add one or two more Prefcriptions of a milder Kind, that will do better for Horfes of nice or weakly Con- flitutions. Of Purging HIorfes. 37 A Prefcription for lir/es of a decate Conjiiution; Mild Purgs efpeciall thoft that fall off their Stomachs after for fi iTt Exzercfe, wih is the Cafe of many genteel and pleaant Horfies. Three or four qf theft Purges will greatl help them, and-make them grow both in Flejh and -.4ppetite. " Take the fineft Succotrine Aloes, one " Ounce; Rhubarb, in Powder, half an Ounce; Ginger, grated, one'Drachm; makeitinto a Ball, with a fufficient Quantity of Syrup " of Damask Rofes." The following is alfo a very mild efficacious Purge, and much cheaper than the preceding; it may be given in any State where the Horfe is not diretly fick; it will purge Come Horfes fuf- ficiently, and prove a fafe and good Alterative. even to thofe that are able to bear fironger Purges; and, by frequent Repetition, will of- ten anfwer all the Ends of Purging better than what is ufually done with two or three ftrong Purges made of coarfe rank Ingredients. " Take of the fineft Succotrine Aloes, that ' break, of a Saffron-colour, one Ounce and two Drachms; Myrrh, in fine Powder, half i' an Ounce; Saffron and frefh Jalap, in Pow- " der, of each a Drachm; make it into a iiff " Ball with Syrup of Damafk-Rofes, or Syrup " of Marfh-mallows; then add a fmall Spoon- " ful of the retified Oil of Amber; make it in- to a Ball, and roll it in Liquorice-Powder." This is one of the fafeft and beft Purges that can be given to a Horfe, and works both by Dung and Urine. When it is neceffary for it to work brifklv, there may be a Drachm or two more of Jalap added, and about as much Gin- gfr, frcfh grated, as will lie on a Half-crown D 3 Piece; Short MetoFd Pf Cwre. 38 Vol. I. p. 237. Cautions in Purging. Vol.-II. p. 123. Prefcription when aPurge fails in working. Piece; this Addition is only in Cafe the firft does not purge fufliciently. When a Horfe .purges to Excefs the firft Time, you ought not to give another till he has recovered his Appetite and Strength, and that he has filled himfelf, and does not appear lank, which perhaps may not be till about eight or ten Days after it is given. Some Horfes after Purging, efpecially with the Plantation Aloes, do not recover their Stomachs to eat any thing till feveral Days. In which Cafe it is neceffary to give a warm ilomachic Draught or two, made of Camomile Flowers, freih Anifeeds, and Saffron, with about half an Ounce of Diafcordium diffolved in it. Or. inflead of that. half an Ounce of JDiafcordium, difflolved in a Pint of warm Port Wine: And if, notwithifanding this, the Purg- ing Ihould continue, give the fame Things pre- fcribed for a Scowering and Loofenefs. On the other Hand, when a Purge does not work, but caufes a Horfe to fwell, and to forfake both his Food and Water, which is Sometimes the Effed of bad Drugs, or from catching cold, the only Way to remedy that Symptom is by warm Diuretics. " Take a Pint of white L/ibon Wine; mix s" with it a Drachm of Camphire, diffolved in "o a little redified Spirits of Wine; then add " two Drachms of Oil of Juniper, and the " fame Quantity of unredfified Oil of Amber, " with four Ounces of the Syrup of Marih- Mallows; and give it without Delay." Or the following Ball: " Take Venice Turpentine, one Ounce; in- " corporate it with the Yolk of a new-laid Egg; then take Juniper-Berries, and frefh " Anifeeds, pounded, of each half an Ounce; " Spo7ia Of adminj/ring Drinks anwd Balls. 39 " Sperma Cti, and unrelified Oil of Amber, " of each two Drachms; make thefe into a Ball, with a fufficient Quantity of Syrup of " Marfh-mallows, -and roll it in Liquorice- " Powder." Either of thefe will make a Horfe fala plen- Either of tifully, and at the fame time fet his Phyfic a thaeewiu working, and by that means prevent fudden Horfe ftale Death. It will be farther advifeable, when aplentifully. Horfe fwells very much in Phyfic not to tide Vol.1. p. him till he has Vent, either by Dung or Urine, '39. but lead him gently in Hand. 2fbe proper M E T H 0 D f admixnring Drinks and Balls. M OST Horfes have a Diflike to taking Horres Medicines, efpecially Drinks and Balls, Drinks to be made tome.. which are very bitter; for they have naturally what pala- a fweet Tooth, and take Thingsn more willing- table. ly that are palatable. Some will eat the pec- toral Balls with as much Pleafure as their com- mon Food, therefore their Medicines fhould be contrived to be as pleafant as poffible, efpe- cially Drinks. As for thofe Things that are extremely bitter and naufeous, make them up into Balls, and waah the down with fome proper Drink made of Honey or Liquorice.. Balls fhould be made into an oval Shape Horfe-Balls when they are given, not exceeding the Size of not to be a Pullet's Egg; and when the Dofe is large,-tOO large. made into two, dut in Oil, that they may flip down with the, ore Eafe. Some Men, by The Manner frequent Ufe, ar" lo dextrous in giving BallS, of givig D + th at them. 40 Short Method oJ Cure. that they.-feldom mifcarry, and without fa-- tiguing the Horfe. But Come Horfes have been fo much tired with aukward unhandy Perfons, that they refift every thing that is offered them in that Manner. Others are Co fhy and un- tractable in being handled about the Mouth, that- there is fcarce any Poflibility of giving A proper In. them Balls, without an Infrument of Iron to ftrument to hold their Mouths open: And therefore this hold Horfes fhould always be a Part of Stable Furniture, Mouths open, and where any Number of Horfes are kept: Every Drenching. Stable lhould alfo be provided with a Drench- Morn. ing-Horn; the befl Drench-Horns are thofe that are fmall and narrow in the Mouth, lhaped like a Spoon, and wide in the Belly, and fuf- Acient to contain half a Pint, more being un- neceffary for one Go-down; for too large Draughts are apt to firangle Horfes, and fet them into violent Fits of Coughin. ircetions In drenching Hortes, it is ufua 'to draw up in giving their Heads pretty high, with a Cord faflene4 Drinks, round the Upper-Jaw, holding up the Horfe's Head in that Poflure, 'till the brink runs down into his'Stomach; otherwise it is apt, with his Champing, to return back, and run out of his Mouth. Grofs Pow- Thofe Drinks that are made by Infufion, ders impro. without the Mixture of grofs Powders, are mofl per for 11 Drinks. proper, and leaft fatiguing to Horfes. Vol.1. p. When a Horfe is to be Jrench'd for a Cold, or 24zX other flight Diforder, he is only to be kept fall- ing fome time before and after. Let the Ingre- dients be good in their Kind, and fuited to the Diffemper; that he have warm Marlhes; that he be kept dry, and no ways expofed to increafe his Cold. But when a Horfe is inwardly fore, Cautions in or very much oppreffied with Sicknefs, not- adminifiring withllanding Bleeding, and other Evacuations, iic Hores .t have been made, and cannot be moved without great The Manner of giving Cly/lers. 41 great Pain and Labour, he ought to .be turned How a fick about very carefully, and fRand a few Minutes Horre is to. to reft, before his cad is raifed up, .and fhould behianaged only have one or two Hornfulls at a time, and taking his then to let his Head down for about five MiDrinks. nutes, or longer, that he may recover his Breath before his Head is drawn up for the fe- cond Draught, and fo alfo for the Remainder. After the lail of his Drink, he fhould be let itand at leaft ten Minutes, before he is fet for-. ward to the Rack, and then fhould not be turned about fhort in his Stall, as a Horfe that is well, or but flightly indifpofed; but fhould be carefully put back, and turned in the Stable, or in the Yard, where he may have fufis ient Room to fetch a Compafs, that he may not be any ways put in Pain, or otherwife endangered, by a fudden Twiffing in his Body. This Me- thod we have always followed, with good Suc- cefs, in drenching Horfes, under all Kinds of Maladies, and have caufed them to have feve- ral Draughts given thetih in a Day, without the leaft Inconveniency, when their Diftem- pers required them to be often repeated, and have had them frequently fed with a Horn in the fame Manner, until they have recovered fo much Strength and Appetite as to feed them- felves. Concerning C L Y S. T E R S, and the Manne of givWng them. C LY ST E R S are often necefrary for Horfes in various Diforders, and may be reduced to thefe different Kinds, viz. Laxative and Emol- lient, Purgative and Reifringent. E c 42 Short Method of Cure. Ofemnollient Emollient Clyfters are thofe made with the Clyfters. Decodcions of the emollient Herbs, as of Mal- lows, Marfh-mallows, the Herb Mercury, Pe- litory, Camomile-Flowers, and fuch like, which relax the Guts, and foften the Excrements, when they arc hard and dry; and when to thefe are added an Ounce of fwcet Fennel-Seed, or of Bay-Berries bruifed, they make the Clyfter Dec-eodrion; and to make it laxative, Oil and Treacle, or coarfe Sugar, may be dlilolved in the fTrained Decodion while it is warm, and it will open a Horfe's Belly, and give him Eafe bv difcharging the Excrements, and Contents of his Bowels, without Pain or Griping. Of pirging Purging Clyfters are compounded of the Ciyfaers. fame purging Ingredients, of which the Vari- ous Kindsrof Purges are made, added to the Decodions of the emollient Ingredients; or, for want of there, to two or three Quarts of fat Broth. The propereft Purgatives for Cly- fers are Sena, Coloquintida, or bitter Apple, Jalap, lenitive ELledlary, Carvocoffinum, or Syrup of Buckthorn, with a Handful of com- mon Salt for a Stimulus, when a fpeedy and immediate Difeharge is required. Reftringxnt Refiringent Clyfers are intended for violent "v fyic , Loofi' eh; they are feldom ufed, or but little underftood by the Praditioners in Farriery; but we have found them often efficacious, when no Internals by the tMouth would avail, fuch as Decodions of Oak Bark, Pomegranate Bark, Baluffines, red Rofes, Dyers Gall, &c. with Dliafcordium, Mithridate, or Venice Treacle, diffolved in them; and to thefe may be added a fourth Kind, which may be termed Nutritive,. .rIr ( ,and are of great Benefit in fome convulfive i-kis. Cafes, where the Jaws are fet io clofe that no- thine can be transmitted into the Stomach, or wheic the Paffages of the Throat and Gullet are The Manmer of giving Cly/lers. 43 are fwell'd and inflamed, which fometimes is fo violent, that a Horfe is in Danger of being ftarved or ftrangled, unlefs Nourifhment can be convey'd fome other Way than by the Mouth. An emollient or laxative Clyfter. " Take Mallows, Marfh-mallows, Pelli- An emol- " tory, the Herb Mercury, and Camomile, or lient Clyfier. " fuch of them as can be got, of each a large Handful; Bay-Berries and fweet Fennel- " Seeds, bruited, of each an Ounce; boil c them in a Gallon of Water to three Quarts; " pour off the Decodion into a Pan, and dif- " folve in it half a Pound of Treacle, and a " Pint of Linfeed-Oil; to make it laxative, " add four Ounces of Lenitive Eletuary, or the fame Quantity of Cream of Tartar, or " common purging Salts." A Purging Clyfter. " Take two or three Handfuls of the emol- A Parging cc lient Herbs, as direded in the preceding; clyfler. " Sena, an Ounce; bitter Apple, half an Ounce; Bay-Berries and Annifeeds, bruifed, C. of each an Handful; Salt of Tartar, half cc an Ounce; let thefe be boil'd a Quarter of " an Hour in three Quarts of Water; then " frain off the Deco&tion, and while it is " warm add four Ounces of Syrup of Buck- " thorn, and half a Pint of Linfeed Oil." This will work moderately, and may be g-ven with good Succefs, when an immediate Difcharge is wanting; especially in Come fymp- tomatic Fevers, in Inflammations and Sorenefs of the Lungs, and other Diforders which re- quire fpeedy Relief. 44 A refiringent Clvfter to ftop Loofe- neffes. See alfo Lax and Scower- ing in New Treatife, Vol. I1. p. 12.3. Short Method of Cure. A reftringent Clyfter to flop a Super-Purgation-, or any other Kind of Loofenefs. Take Pomegranate Bark, or Oak Bark, " of either of there, two Ounces; red Rofe- " buds, frefh or dry, a Handful; Baluftines, " viz. the Flowers of the Pomegranate, half " an Ounce, boil'd in two Quarts of Water, " till one is near confum'd; firain it off from " the Jngredients, and diffolve in the Decod- " tion four Ounces of Diafcordium." Nutritive Nutritive Clyfters, or the conveying Food Clyflers, or by the Pipe into the Fundament, may confilf cOnvCeying of Broths made of Sheeps-heads, Trotters, or Food by the Pipe into the any other Kind of Meat that is not -too fat; Fundament, Milk-pottage, or Rice-milk; all muft be ftrain- &Co ed; or any other Thing whereby a Horfe may receive Nourifhment in great Extremy; when nothing can be convey'd by the Mouth, thefe Vol. i. p. are fometimes neceffary, and preferve Horfes 248. from ifarving. Cautions in Nutritive Clyfters fbould have nothing in adminifiring them fat, loofening, or oily, not exceeding a Clyaitrte Qart or three Pints at a time, and fhould be often repeated. In regard of laxative and purging Clyflers, there is no need of any- great RefIriaion, as to the Quantity, which may be given to two or Ca;tions in three Quarts in fome Cafes, where the Balls of .icvrinifiring the Dung are black and hardened in the Purfes 4taLtive and of -he Colon ; but never be too liberal of purg- in, Ingredients, especially with Solutions of coarfe Aloes. lforfes to Le It ought to be a general Rule in adminif rino- xaked before Clyfrers of all Kinds, that the Horfe fhould gt'r C'Y- firfl be raked by a Perfon that has a fmall Han:d, to fetch out the Dung that lies in- the firait Gut; the Hand mhould be oiled, that it rilaM ps1). into the Fundameatmore eafily, with, out Tbhe Manner of gf'ing Clyfers 45 out hurting the Horfe, which will difpofe him tc receive the Pipe more willingly. The Cly-. 1ier Ihould be juff Milk-warm, if it is more than that, it will be apt to fcald, and make him throw it out immediately, without any Effea. The Farrier, or Groom, fhould be providedTheSize nd with a Pipe made of Box, Lignum-vite, or any Form of the other hard WVood that turns with a Polifh; it y 'ip lhould be fourteen Inches long, an Inch thick at the Nofe, and an Inch and half at the other End where the Bag is faftened; and the Mouth turned into a fmooth Oval, with little Holes, the fame Fafflion with thofe ufed by the Apo- Pipe and Bag thecaries. Thefe Pipes are preferable to anypreferable to Kind of Syringe, not only becaufe the Syringe a Syringe. Pipes are too-nfmall, and too fhort; but becaufe the.Syringe throws in the Clyfter with fo much Force, that it, furprifes a Horfe, and makes him fling it out as faft as it goes in; whereas, when a Pipe of convenient Size is made ufe of, the Liquor of the Clyfter being preffed gently from the Bag, gives him no Surprize or Un- eafinefs, and needs nothing but to hold down his Tail, for a Minute or two, with ones Vol. I. Hand, after which he will retain it till he has so. Motions to dung; and Sometimes Horfes will dung two or three times with mild Clyfters, rightly given, before they throw them intirely out; and fome will remain a long tine in the Body, efpecially thofe of the emollient Kind, and do great Service by cooling and relaxing Tbe rood the Bowels, and incorporate fo with the Dung, EMMffs of that they cannot eafily be diftinguiffed from the other Contents of the Guts. O F OF THE IDISEASES of Ho RSES, And their C u R E. C H A P. I. Of the D I SEASES of the Head. Whence the Difcafes of the Head prpeccd. H E Difeafes of the Head are properly fuch as have their Ori- gin or immediate Caufe from the Head;- of which Kind are all thofe that proceed from extrava- fated Matter discharged out of the Veins, Arteries, Lymphxduds, either uipon the Membranes that invelope and cover the Brain, or into its Sinufes or Ventricles, whe- ther this be the Effeds of Wounds or Concuf- fions, or proceed from any other Caufe where- by the VefFels of the Brain may be ruptured and broke. Sometimes the Membranes them- IlIves are indurated, and grow preternaturally hard and diftended by long continued Obftruc- tions, fo as to prefs on the tender Subftance of -he Brain, or Cerebellum: But this may alfo be owing S Of an -Apoplexy. 47 owing to fome previous Accident or Diftemper; and, in fome old Animals, thefe Membranes have been found offify'd, and turned bony; all which things muff caufe great Diforders in the Head. Sometimes thefe Diforders proceed from a faulty Blood, when it happens to be vifcid and fluggifh; or when it is of unequal Mixture, fo as to abound with Particles too grofs to go along in the Courfe of Circulation, but are apt to ftagnate in the Plexuij Choroidles, and other fmall Velels of the Brain, fo as to prefs upon the Origin of the Nerves. Diforders of the Head are alfo many times owing to a Plethora, viz. an over-great Quantity of Blood, which is often the Cafe of Horfes that are fed high, and have neither had fufficient Exercife, nor other proper Means ufed to preferve their Blood and Juices in a due Temperament. Fromn thefe, and fuch like Cauies, proceed moft of the Diflempers peculiar to the Head, fuch as Apoplexies, Vertigoes, Lethargies, Epilep/ics, para- litic Diforders, and all others where the Nerves are affedted fo as to produce Symptoms that impede Senfe and Motion. Among the Far- riers, thefe Diftempers go under the Namne of Staggers and Convulfions. S E C T. Ls Of an Apoplexy. IN an Apoplexy, a Horfe drops down fud- denly, without Senfe or Motion, onlv a Working at his Flanks, proceeding frorn the Motion of his Heart and Lungs, which nevcs- ceafes while any Spark of Life remains. The previous Symptoms are JDrowfinefs, Wa- The Sigm;p tery moift Eyes, fomewhat full and inflamed lfApiety Of an Apoplexy. a Difpofition to reel; Feeblenefs, a bad Ape- tite, and almoft a continual Hanging of the Head, or refting it in his Manger, and fcarce any Alteration in the Dung or Urine; a Dif- pofition to rear up, and an Aptitude to fall back when any one goes to handle him about his Head. 'T'he chief Thing to be done, is to ftrike the Veins in feveral Parts at once, to raife up the Horfe's Head and Shoulders, propping them with Plenty of Straw; alfo cut feveral Rowels, if the Apopleaic Fit is only the Effea of a Plethora, high Feeding, Want of fufli- cient Exercife, or fizy Blood, which is often the Cafe of many young Horfes through catch- ing Cold: While the Blood is in this State, though a Horfe in thefe Circumfiance may reel and Itagger, and Sometimes fall down fuddenly, yet the Cure will admit of no great Difficulty. After Bleeding plentifuilly, keep the Horfe for fome time to an open Diet of fcalded Bran, leffening the Quantity of his Hay; after two Days repeat the Bleeding, but in a fmaller meafure. If the Horfe has a Cold, give him Pedtoral Drinks, fuch as the following. " Take Coltsfoot, Hyffop, Peniroyal, Ca- " momile-Flowers, of each a Handful; freih Linfeed, Garlick peeled and cut, of each an Ounce; Liquorice-Root, cut into thin Slices, the fame Quantity; of Saffron, half an Ounce, infufed in two Quarts of boiling " Water; one Half for the Morning, and the "c other for the Afternoon." But if no Symptoms of a Cold appear after Bleeding and a fpare Diet, give him two or three Aloetic Purges to thin his 1Blood. The. 48 The Cure. Pefaorat Drink. V01o. I1. p. 4, 5, of Colds. Of ibi' Letharr. 49 The following Prefcription. C' Take of the fineft Succotrine Aloes, an Aoetick s Ounce and a Quarter; frefh Jalap, two Purge. " Drachms; Salt of Tartar, three Drachms; " Native Cinabar, or the Cinabar of Anti- " mony, half an Ounce; make it into a Ball with a fufficient Quantity of Syrup of Rofes, or Marfh-mallows, adding twenty or thirty Drops of Chemical Oil of Anifeeds; make " it into a Ball, rolling it in Liquorice-pow- der, to be given with the ufual Precautions." The Purge may be made fironger or weaker, by adding or diminifhing the Jalap. Let this be repeated two or three times, and the Horfe will probably recover without a Relapfe. When a Horfe drops down fuddenly with When a hard Riding, or violent Driving, this is a Cafe Horfe drops that in many Refpeds refembles an Apoplexy, with bard and all the Organs of the Head are affe6led. Riding or The quickeft and readieft Remedy is bleeding DriVig . plentifully. p.S59. of Apoplexies. S E C T. II. Of the Lethargy, or Sleeping Evil. A L E T H A R G Y in a Horfe may be cured, IA if he is not very old, and pail his Vigour. It is always a good Sign when a Horfe has a The good tolerable Appetite, and in fome meafure retains aad bad Signt his Smell and Tafte, fo far as to eat up a Math diftinguifhid. with a good Gull, and without dozing over it, tho' he eats but little Hay, and at the fame time drinks pretty freely, without flabbering; and if he lies down and rifes up carefully. But if a lethargic Horfe does not lie down, if he is altogether ftupid and carelefs, and never takes E notice so Of the Letbargy. notice of any thing that comes near him; if vrol. . p. he dungs and fales feldom, and even while he cto, Of a fleeps and dozes, it is always a bad Sign; if he Letbargy runs at the Nofe a thick white Matter, it may relieve him. The Cure of As to the Cure, if thel Horfe be young, and a Lethargy- has fallen into this Diftemper upon catching cold in fome damp Place, or has fuffered from any hard Ufage, the right Way is to begin with Bleeding, but not in too great a Quantity, for lethargic Horfes are feldom able to bear the Lofs of Blood,. unlefs they be young and lufty. After Bleeding, give the following Drink, which confifts both of Pedorals and Cephalics. A Petoral " Take Penyroyal, Coltsfoot, and Camo- and Cepha- mile-Flowers, of each an Handful; Rue ic Drink. and Hyffop, of each half an Handful; Li- quorice-Root fliced, an Ounce; infufe all in two Quarts of boiling Water, in a deep Pan clofe covered, and when it has ftood to be c cold, pour it off into another Veffel." At the fame time make the following Tinc- ture. A Tinture to mix with the Drink. " Take Affafoetida, and Rullia Caftor, of each "c half an Ounce; Saffron, one Drachm; cut cc the Affafoetida and Caftor into Bits, and " fhred the Saffron; then tie them in a Rag; cc let them ifeep all Night in a Pint. of ftrong - Mountain-Wine, or in the fame Quantity of " Spirit of Wine and Water, about three Parts cc Water and one of Wine. In a Morning, give a Pint of the Peloral Drink, with a Quarter of a Pint of the Tinc- ture, fqueezing the Rag with the Caltor and Afflafoctida in each Dofe, leaving it always to foak in the Tindure; alfo give the fame Quan- tity in the Afternoon. The firft three or four Days Of the Lethargy. Ace Days let the Horfe have Clyfters, for in all flupifying Diftempers Horfes are apt to be cof- tive. Emollient Clyfers are the bedt made of Emollient Broths, or a few Mallows and Marfh-mallows Clyflefi boiled in Milk and Water, which is better, with an Ounce of fweet Fennel-Seeds; adding The Form of half a Pint of Linfeed-Oil, and the fame a Closer. Quantity of common Treacle, to three Pints or two Quarts of the Decoalion. After the Sleepinefs wears off, and the Horfe begins to move with Spirit and Vigour, give him one of the following Balls every Morning failing, for a Fortnight or three Weeks. A Prefcription. c" Take Cinabar of Antimony, or Native Balls for a " Cinabar and Affafcetida, of each half an Lethargy. Ounce; Powder of Caftor, two Drachms; " beat this Mafs into a Ball, with a fufficient " Quantity of Oil of Amber." After the Ufe of thefe Things, when the Horfe comes to eat heartily, two or three mild Purges may be proper, fuch as will thoroughly open his Body, and help to thin his Blood; as the following Prefcription. " Take Diapente, half an Ounce; Succo- Mild Purg. " trine Aloes, one Ounce; Cinabar of Antimo- " ny, and Salt of Tartar, of each two Drachms; c make it into a Ball with Syrup of Damask Rofes, adding thirty Drops of chemical Oil of " Anifeeds, or a Spoonful of Oil of Amber." This may be given with the ufual Precau- tions. It will work partly by Dung and partly by Urine, &c. and with little or no Griping, and renders the Cure mnore perfea. E E C To E 2w St (Off the Epilepfy S E C T. III. Of the Epilepfy. H E Epilepfy in Forfes, commonly called the Falling - Sicknefs, or Falling - Evil. When the Convulfion is univerfal, it generally proceeds from all the fame Caufes that produce Vertigoes, Apoplexies, and Lethargies. The Caufes Epileptic Diforders often proceed from Blows from whence on the Head, or hard ftraining, efpecially when EpilepticDif- the Horfe has not been hardened and prepared ord ers, In a Hor-ife, pro- for Labour, either of which will hurt the Brain ceed. or its Membranes. Sometimes it proceeds from Fullnefs of Blood, when it is grofs and ftzy, but is not fo dangerous as the other; Sometimes it is miftaken for the Gripes. cw Epilep- In all Kinds of Gripes, whether they pro- tic Diforders ceed from Dif6rders in the Guts, or Retenfion are dlflin- of the Urine, a Horfe is often up and down, gheuGipflsn frolls and tumbles; and when he goes to lie Horfes. down, generally makes feveral Motions, with great feeming Carefulnefs, which hews the Senfe he has of his Pain; and if he lies fretched out, it is but for a fhort Space. But in the Epi- lepfy, the Horfe reels and ftaggers, his Eyes vol. 1. p. are fix'd in his Head, he has no Senfe of what 567, Cafes he is doin, ftales and dungs infenfibly, runs -of'Epileptic : Horfes i round, and falls fuddcnly; Sometimes he is im- moveable, with his Legs firetched out as if he was dead, except only a very quick Motion of his Heart and Lungs, which makes him work violently at his Flanks. At the going off of the Fit the Horfe generally foams at his Mouth. The Cure. If the Horfe be young, bleed plentifully.; if old, or low in Flefh, be more Iparing. Ad- minifter nothing till the Paroxifin or fit be over, and then take care to have him in a right PoftureI Of the Epilepfy, Or Staggers. 53 Pofture, that he may neither hurt himfelf nor thofe that look after him. When the Fit is over, administer the following Ball, with the Drink to wafh it down, viz. Prefcription. " Take Affafoetida, half an Ounce; Ruflia A Cephalic Caftor, pounded, two Drachms; Venice Ball for the Turpentine, the fame Quantity; Diapente, an Ounce, made into a Ball, with Honey and " Oil of Amber." The proper Drink. " Penyroyal and Mifletoe, of each a large The Drink cc Handful; Valerian Root, an Ounce; Li- fr the pici- I' quorice, half an Ounce; Saffron, two lepiy " Drachms; infufe them in a Qutart of boil- ing Water; let it ftand about two Hours on "C the Ingredients; then pour it off, and admi- " nifter it after the Ball." Repeat thefe, once or twice a Day, at firi-; and afterwards once in two or three Days. If the Horfe continues longer than a Week, then he muff take the following Ball, viz. " Cinabar of Antimony, fix Drachms; Af- A Cephalc " fafoetida, half an Ounce; Anrifolochia, Ball for the "Myh, and Bay-Berries of each two Eplepfy or " Drachms; make them into a Ball with com- monl Treacle, a fufficient Quantity, and " about a Spoonful of refify'd Oil of Amber." Or, " Take a large Handful of Milletoe, boil Mifletoe " it in three Pints of Spring-water, mix it rgod for " cold in a Pail, with the Water he is to drink, which may be given after the Cepha- " lic Balls are left off; only adminifter laxa- tive Purges and Clyffers, at proper Inter- E 3 " vals, Of the Palfy, or Paralytic DU-orders, " vals, to keep his Body open, and prevent a " Relapfe, and to be continued the Space of " three Weeks." Prefcription for a Clyffer. Clyfter for the Convul- fc fions, or cc Staggers. Vol. 1. p. "c 270, of ex- cc traordinary" Cafes. " " Take Mallows, Camomile-Flowers, Mifle- toe, of each a Handful; Bay-Berries, and fweet Fennel-Seeds, of each an Ounce; boil it in three Quarts of Water, about a Quarter of an Hour, and pour it off; then diffolve in it half a Pound of Treacle, and add to the Decoftion a Pint of Linfeed Oil." A purging Decoction for the fame Diftemper. " Take of the fame Mifletoe Decoaion, a Quart, or three Pints ; diffolve in it four " Ounces of Lenitive Eleduary, and the like " Quantity of Cream of Tartar, or of Sal " IN'Iirabile." S E C T. I V. Of the Palfy, or Paralytic Dircrders. S'o t, cr prognoftIc. A der ferate Cafe. H E N the Palfy feizes one Limb only, VY it is feldom dangerous; but is lefs fo when there is a continual Shaking and an invo- lUntary Motion: When it feizes both Limbs behind, the Cafe is then very troublefome, and the Horfe is not able to fRand, but when he is Supported by fome Means or other: But when one Side is totally taken away, and the Horfe falls fuddenly, and tho' at firif he will ftrive very much to rife, yet it is neither in his own Power, nor in the Power of Man, to raife him up, fo as to frand, the Cafe is fo desperate, that there can fcarce be any poffible Way found out to recover him. Iiorfesi 54 Of the Pa/4, or Paralytic Diforders. ss Horfes that lie out at Grafs, upon cold clay Caufe of Pa- Grounds, get a Numbnefs in their Limbs, alitic Dif- which they in Come degree lofe the Ufe of for Orders. a Seafon; but this is not the true Species of a Vol. 1. p. Palfy, unlefs when the Head is alfo affeaed,73' of the but rather of a Rheumatifm. In curing the Palfy, the fame Internals that The Cure. are made ufe of in Apopletic and Convulfive Diforders, are here alfo proper, with Bleeding, Rowels, and other outward Helps. In para- lytic Numbneffes, of warm, ftimulating Em- brocations, one of the beft is as follows. A proper external Application. " Take Oil of Turpentine, four Ounces; A ftimula- " Nerve Ointment, and Oil of Bays, of each ting Embro- two cation for the "two Ounces; Camphire, rubbed fine in a palfy and Mortar, one Ounce; re&ify'd Oil of Am- Numbnefs. " ber, three Ounces; incorporate thefe toge- " ther into a Liniment; to this may be added an Ounce of Tinaure of Cantharides." Let the affeled Part be firifl well rubbed with a woollen Cloth, that the Liniment may pe- netrate with more Eafe; then take a fufficient Quantity thereof, and anoint or embrocate the Part thoroughly, working it well with a warm Hand; and as often as the Liniment begins to dry in, renew it again, till the Numbnefs goes off. If the Deadnefs and Lamenefs be chiefly How to ma- in the hind Parts, in that Cafe the Liniment, nage the a. viz. the Embrocation, muff be alfo rubbed in- nointing the Back and to Spines of the Back; but in this Cafe the Loins. Tindture of Cantharides is to be omitted. Be fure to rub the Parts well, and very often. If the Head be affeded, and one Side, fo as Of the Head. to draw the Horfe's Mouth awry, the Fore- head, Temple, and Cheek, on that Side, ought alfo to be well rubbed and embrocated E 4 with 56 Of the Pajfy and Vertigo. with the above Liniment; and in this Cafe In- ternals muft be ufed, becaufe we may be fure that the Diftemper has taken its Rife from the Head. The Para- If it happens to be attended with a Vertigo, dly, atten- or if the Lamenefs be univerfally on one Side, ded with abut not a univerfal Deprivation of Senfe and Vertigo, di- Motion, as in the dead Palfy; for in a Ver- frionguthed tigo all Objeffs feem to turn round, fo that a dead Palfy. Horfe, while any Senfe remains, with the leaft Signs of a Ufe of his Limbs, will naturally follow the Vertigo. Objed in his Motions; in which Cafe The Cure All thofe Things that have been recom- when there mended in the Cure of an Apoplexy, are alfo is a Vertigo. proper, with Rowels, outward Applications, and a liberal Ufe of Embrocations. But as this Lamenefs may happen without a Vertigo, mild Purging is to be added to the Embroca- tions; a Mixture of Muftard-Seed and cam- phirated Spirits, frequently rubbed into the Limbs, will be of great Ufe. Prefcriptions for this Kind of Lamcnefs. " Take Muftard-Seed frefh ground, one " Ounce, and mix it with half a Pint of cam- phirated Spirits; and towards the latter End " of the Cure Opodeldock may be ufed, with " good Succefs; mixed alfo with camphirated " Spirits." V!rrtgn. The Vertigo is not treated as a particular Diftemper of the Head, becaufe it is a Symp- tom that fometimes attends all other Cepha- lic Diforders, and requires the fame Method )f Cure. C H A P. Gonvu/fons and 7aw-jet. 57 C H A P. II. Convuyions from the Stomach, and other principal Bowels. O F this Kind is that Diftemper which locks Jaws fet up the Jaws of a Horfe fo clofe, that it is Horfcs. almoft impoffible to open them to give them ei- ther Food or Phyfic. Some call it the Hag's Evil, and with our Farriers it goes under the Name of Convulfions. It indeed foon turns to a univerfal Cramp or Convulfion, that feizcs all the Mufles of the Body of the Horfe, and that fuddenly, and without any previous Symp- toms, fuch as the Want of Appetite, and other Signs of Sicknefs; for Horfes will clear their Racks in the Night, and in the Morning drink their Water, and eat their Allowance of Corn as ufual, and in lefs than half an Hour have had their Mouths clofe fhut up, and their whole V8l. l2P4 Bodies convulfed. As foon as a Horfe is feized in this manner, In what his Head is raifed with his Nofe towards his Manner a Rack, his Ears pricked up, and his 'Tail cock'd, Horfe ap- looking with the Eagernefs of a high-fpirited P CiS Horfe, when he is put upon his Mettle: And now the bad Symptoms come on apace; his The urual Neck grows ftiff, cramp'd, and almoft im- Signs of moveable; and if a Horfe, in this Condition, mthee bad lives a few Days, feveral Knots and Ganglions will arife on the tendinous Parts, and all the Mufcles, both before and behind, will be to much pull'd and cramp'd, that he looks as if he was nailed to thc Pavement i his Legs wide ant!1d 58 Convur s ad aw,.fit. The ufual and Cradling; his Skin drawn fo tight, that Signs of thefe iti- lo&t bagd Convul- it is almoft impoflible to moe it; his Eyes Eons. are fo fixed with the Ina&ion of.his Mukcles, as gives him a deadnefs in his Looks; he fnorts and fneezes often ; pants continually with Short- nefs of Breath; and this Symptom increases continually, till he drops down Dead; which generally happens in a few Days,, unlefs fome very fudden and effeftual Turn can be given to the Diftemper. Thefe are the ufual Signs of that fatal Di- ftemper, which pafs under the Name of Con- vulfions; and tho' it differs in many Refpets froin the Epilepfy before described, both as to its Symptoms and Caufe, yet it is the molt uni- veral in its Effedes of all other convulfive Diforders. W:hat kind Young Horfes, from four to fix Years old, c:f Hnrfes ate are the moft fubjea to it; and the large Coach- ihe mofi :tib- Breed, and all Kinds of Draught Horfes, more iCc to t, id3 than Saddle Horfes. The molt ufual Caufe of this univerfal Cramp or Convulfion, is from V'rminy bred Bots in the Stomach, which being bred there in the Sto- from the Eggs, generally come to their Ma- m2ch, oftenturity in the Months of Afri4 iy, or 7zme; t this being the Seafon wherein this Diftemper prevails among young Horfies. And when it happens in any other TPime of the Year, or to Horfes above fix Years old, that have been in Bufinefs, it is then owing to other Caufes, as Impoftumations, Ulcers in the Midriff, or fome other of the principal Vficera ; but thefe Inftances ate not fo frequent, as thofe from Vermin in Other Caticz the Stomach, which is fometimes owing to of dthi Di- unwholfome Food, wherein the Eggs of thofe Avmper. Animals have been depofited, but chiefly to high and foul Feeding; for this fort of Con- vulfion, is moft ufual among thofe Horfes that have been kept up and pamper'd for Sale, with cOt /s, &C. 59 wIh little or no Exercife, which difpofes their Blood to Putrefkaion when ever they come to be heated in their Work. But it is of Ufe in the Cure of thefe Mala How to .I, to diftlinguih between a univerfal Con- ko ifwhro vulfion that tke its Rife from Vermin in the Vcrmin, or Stomach, and when it is produced by a Di- inward Im- flemper in the Midriff, or any other of the Pofthuma- principal Jifcera. When the Diftemper rifes tion from Bots in the Stomach, without Notice, it feizes fuddenly, and the Horfe appears with all the Symptoms before described; and when his Mouth is fhut fo clofe at the firft Onfet, that it cannot by any Means be opened, the Cure is almoft impradicable; but when a Medicine The good an& may be adminiftred, tho' with Come Difficulty, bad Signs. and that they can make a fhift to lick up a little Bran, and fwallow alittlewhite Water or Gruel, there may be Come Hopes of a Recovery; but when the Neck is exceffively ftiib and cramped, it is always a bad Sign; and if a Horfe is able to turn his Head a little, and can move his Eyes, thefe are good Signs, and the Horfe may be cured with proper Care and right Applica- tions. But when this fort of Convulfion proceeds from a Diftemper in the Midriff, or any other of the principal Fifcerd, there are always Come previous Symptoms, that it may be diftinguifhed from that which proceeds from Bots and Ver- min. When this is the Cafe, a Horfe firfi of all falls off his Stomach, grows gradually weak, feeble, and difpirited in his Work; turns fhort- breathed with the leaft Exercife; and tho' the Diftemper advances more flowly in this Cafe, than the other that proceeds from Vermin, yet it is no lefs dangerous. When 6o Conuffions, &c. The Cure When a young Horfe is feized fuddenly in the cwhen it Pro- Spring or Summer, without any previous Symp- ceeds from umr n Bots in the toms or Foretokens of Sicknefs, we may con- Stomach. dude the Diffemper owing to Bots in the Sto- mach, in which Cafe no Time is to be loft; but before his Mouth is quite fhut up, the following Ball is to be given. Prefcription. Ball to cure s Take Mercurius Dulcis, and the Powder Convulfions, cc of Diapente, of each half an Ounce; make it wots in theo into a Ball, with a fufficient Quantity of Con- Stomach. As ferve of Rofes; roll it in Liquorice Powder " or Flour, and wafh it down with a Hornful " or two of warm Water." When this Ball has been adminiftred, make the following Infufion. A Drink for s" Take Penyroyal and Rue, of -each two the fame "c large Handfulls; Camomile Flowers, one C are " Handful; Affaftetida and Caftor, of each " half an Ounce; Saffron, and Liquorice Root " fliced, of each two Drachms. Let thefe be " infufed in four Quarts of boiling Water; " when it has flood till almoft cold, give three " or four Hornful Is, and repeat the Dofe three or " four Dlimes a Day, letting the Ingredients " continue always in the Infufion, and the " Caftor and Aafcetida tied in a Rag, which " muff be fqueez'd into the Drench-Horn." The following Prefcription is alfo of great Ufe in all thefe Diftempers; fuch as Cramps and convulfive Contradfions of the Mufcles. A Liniment "c Nerve Ointment, or the Unguentum Mari- for all " tatum, either of thefe, four Ounces; Oint- Cramps and Cc mentofMarfh-mallowsfixOunces; Muftard onneae 6 Seed ground, and Flander's Oil of Bays, of ons, and par-" each two Ounces; Oil of Amber, two Oun- ticularly for ic ces, with a fufficient Quantity of camphorated tke Loins and " Spirits Ccozvuffofs, &C. 6I Spirits of Wine, to make it into a thin Lini- " ment." This muff be rubbed into the Cheeks, Tem- ples, Neck, Shoulders, Loins, Spines of the Back, and wherever there is the greateft Stiff- nefs. " Muftard Seed alone, frelh ground, mixed Medicines cc with camphorated Spirits, rubbed and worked fmallo Vluof a' well into the affeded Parts, may alfo be ufed " fuccefsfully to Horfes of fmall Value." For outward Application, and internally, give the following cheap Drink, giving two or three Hornfulls once in four Hours. " Take Rue, Penyroyal, and Tobacco, Of A Drink. " each a Handfull; Aflafcetida, one Ounce; See Vol.1. " boil them in a Quart of Forge Water, and P 289- :97, " let the Decoflion Itand always on the In- " gredients." As to an univerfal Convulfion, it fometimes Of an uni- takes its Rife from a faulty Blood, which may verfal Cramp be removed without much Difficultv, unlefs the'r Convu1l- Horfe be very Old. Thefe Convulfions begin in the Limbs, where the Blood and Juices are moft languid, and from the Confent of all the Mufcles one with another, foon affeds all Parts. The proper Method of Cure, and the Medi- Methodist itines to be adminjifred are the fame, already Cure. inferted in the Cure of Epilepfies, and other Cephalic Diforders, with the Cinabar Balls, which are proper to attenuate, thin, and take off the Sizinefs of his Blood: In fuch Cafes, a fmall Quantity of Wine may alfo be indulged, with Saffron, Virginia Snake Weed, and Con- trayerva Roots, to be mixed with the Drinks, viz. Pre- 6z ConvuZ8ons, &C. Prefcription. a Drink for f Take Caftor and Afl foetida, of each half Cranmunvfal "o an Ounce; Rue and Penyroyal, of each a Convulfion. large Handfull; Filings of Iron, tied up in a Bag, half a Pound; infufe thefe in two Quarts of boiling Water, and keep it clofe " covered by itfelf for Ufe." A Tinture. " Alfo take Virginia Snake Weed, Con- " trayerva, and Valerian, of each half an Ounce; Saffron and Cochineal, of each two Drachms; infufe thefe in a Quart of White Wine, letting it fRand in the Sun, or by a " warm Fire, twenty-four Hours." Take a Pint of the firft Infufion, and a Gill of this Tindure for a Dofeo which may be given once a Day, or oftener, as the Symptoms re- quire. If the Horfe keeps his Mouth fhut, that he receives his Drinks with difficulty, fuf- ncient Intervals muft be allowed between every Hornful. See Vol. 1. But good rubbing, and the Ufe of nervous t 99- Liniments externally, are no lefs necefflary than Internals; for fuch is the Nature of all Cramps and convulfive Contraptions; that unlefs the convulfed Parts be continually warmed with Thimulating Things, they will grow more ob- flinate. And further, thefe Horfes are apt to be Cofive, and muft have Clyfters often, till they come to the Ufe of their Jaws, and begin to feed well; after which Purges are proper to thin the Blood, and drain off the fuperfluous Size that clogs the Mufcles. and hinders the free Intercourfii of the Animal Spirits. The following Prefcription is the moft proper, A proper " Take Succotrine Aloes, one Ounce; the Furgng Ball c cleaneft Myrrh, half an Ounce; Affafcetida Zor ,a clon- i and Gum Amoniacum, of each two Drachms; ;Wd H orf! Saffron, Contv4lons dnd Staggers. 63 " Saffron, one Drachm; beat the Ingredients in a large Mortar till they come to a Paite; " then form the Whle into a Ball, with Syrrup " of Marlh-mallows, and roll it in Liquorice " Powder or Flour." Thefe to be given once in a Week, and con- tinued three Weeks or a Month, or longer if needful. They will juft open the Horfe's Body, and work as an Alterative to cleanfe and purify the Blood, and fo gently, that the Horfe may be ufed in any kind of Bufinefs in the Intervals between the Purges. S E C T. II. Convulfions and Staggers, from a4Aetenfiox of the Dung and Aliment. HIS is a Cafe feldom dangerous, where there is no Complication of fome other Diftemper; yet it fometimes proves fatal, when it happens not to be rightly underifood, and the Stomach and Guts extremely crammed. Thefe Stoppages only affed the Head; when The Caefr they are of fome Continuance, they are caufed by full Feeding, want of Air and Exercife, in hot dry Weather; but moft ufually from bad Hay, or aniy other bad Provender, as rank Clo- ver, when it has imbibed Moifture from the damp Fogs, which renders them fo tough, that they lie like a Wad, and diftend the Guts, fo as to impede or hinder their proper Funftions. Soiling Horfes with any kind of green Herbage, when it is grown too old and tough, thefe things often caufe Stoppages in the Guts, and lirPc Paffages, and, diforder the Head. When the Staggers and convulfive Symptoms The Signs arife from fuch Caufes, the Horfe looks dull thataccom about pany this 64 banitfions and Staggers. about the Head, with his Eyes fwoln; is feeble1 reels and totters as he moves; his Mouth is generally ffiff; but not qukte fhut up, as in the Cafes above described; he is Short-breathed on the leaff Motion, and for the moft part a fhort Cough; becaufe the fullnefs of the Stomach and Guts bolfiers up the Midriff, fo as to prefs continually upon the Lungs, and thereby in- terrupts Refpiration; feldom lies down; Coffive, and firains much; he flales little, and that of a dark Colour; the Yellows fonetimes alfo enfue. The Cure. Let fome Perfon that has a fmall Hand, rake him thoroughly, and bring out the Dung that lies in the ffrait Gut, which is hard, made up of little fmall Balls, of a blackifh Colour, and quite dry; after this, let him have Plenty of emollient oily Clyfiers. AnEmollient " Take Mallows, or Marfh-mallows; the Clvfter. " Herb Mercury; Pelitory, or Camomile Flowers; if any of thefe cannot be had, " take W0ater-gruel or Broth, or any Meat Liquor; to two Quarts of the Liquor add a " Pint of Linfeed Oil; half a Pound of Trea- cle, or a Pound of brown Sugar, to be given Milk-warm every Day, till his Dung comes away with eafe, and is foft." Ho D'et For his Diet, he muff have the bell Hay, fcalded Bran, fcalded Chaff, foinetimes boiled Barley, till he has been thoroughly emptied, and fometime afterwards, after thefe gentle le- nitive Purges; fuch as the following. A md pturg Cc Take Lenitive Eledtuary, and Cream of ing Draught. '" Tartar, of each four Ounces; brown Sugar, two Ounces; mix them in a Pint and half of " mild Ale, to be made hot, that the Cream of Tartar may be eafily diffolved in it; after " that Of the Eyes, Blows, Wounds, &c. 65 that the Sugar; and laft of all the Lenitive " Ele6iuary." This is to be given in the Morning, upon of managing an empty Stomach, blood-warm, and feldomhis Phyfic and Diet. makes a Horfe fick; fo that he will drink warm sVc Vol. X. Water or Gruel without Relu&ance; repeat it p. ;oS-30g. three or four Times, allowing two or three Days refpite between each Draught; keep him to an open Diet, and proper Exercife, till he recovers his ufual Vigour. =S' Q C H A P. III. SECT. I. Of the Direafes of the Eys. M OS T of the Maladies that affe& the Eyes of Horfes, proceeds either from ex- ternal Accidents, as Blows, Wounds and Con-. tufions; or from internal Caufes, as Fevers and Surfeits; or from a natural Weaknefs, and ill Conformation of the Eyes, which is often here- ditary, and moft difficult to cure. A flight Blow, or a flight Bruife, or a of BI.Ow Bite of another Horfe, tho' at firif painful, and and Consul apt to make the Eye fwell, and run down with fions. Water, yet fuch are often cured only by bathing the Eye with cold Spring Water, which repels and hinders the Flux of Humours from falling upon it. But if the Eye be any ways inflamed and fwoln, it will be necefflary to bleed The Cure; direatly, and apply a cooling Cataplafm, fuch as are made of the Pulps of roaRed or boiled Apples, cleared from their Hulks and Seeds, or Conferve of red Rofes, fpread on a double linen Cloth, bound gently over the whole Eye F for 66 Of the Eyes. Blows, Wounds, &d, for twelve Hours, afterwards ufe the following Tindure. An excellent Take two Drachms of red Rofe-buds, Eye-water. cc either frefh or dried, infufe them in half a " Pint of boiling Weater, in the manner of making Tea; when it has ftood to be cold, pour off the Infufion, which will be of a C reddifh Colour, and add to it twenty Grains of Sugar of Lead, mix it in a Bottle or " Phial." -low to ufe Bathe the Horfe's Eve, and Eye-lids all over, it. with a bit of clean Spunge, or clean Rag dipped in this Tin6ture, three or four Times Symptoms. a Day, fhaking the Phial when you ufe it. See Vol. 1. It will not fail to make a Cure in a fhort Time, P. 3X3 of any Blow or Bruife of the Eye that has no uncommon Symptom, or where the Eyes are not naturally weak, or previoufly difeafed. Eleedingand If the Horfe be loaded with Flefh, or of a fometimes grofs Confritution, not only Bleeding, and Rowellin,1g, Rowelling, but an opening Diet will alfo be ne- necefrary. cefflary. In his Diet, avoid any thing that is hard to chew, as Oats, and Beans. If a Defluxion attends, and the under Side of the Eye be inflamed, the Eye-lid fwelled and moift, the Anguifh keeps it fhut, ufe the following Digeftive. A digeftive c Take of the Tindlure of Rofes, as above- Eye-water cs dire&ed, four Ounces; while it is warm, for infiamed cc diffolve in it an Ounce of Honey, and thirty Eyes. s" Grains of Sugar of Lead; fhake the Phial, " and bathe the Horfe's Eye all over; or C this, viz. Red Rofe-water, three Ounces; " Honey of Rofes, one Ounce; Sugar of Lead, cc thirty Grains." How to ma- If the Eye be moift and watery, two Spoon- nage it. fuls of red Wine muft be added; when the Eye robunnds of the E tye is dry, and the Horfe opens it freely, if any Blifter or Blemifh remains on the Cornea, or Sorenefs, it will be proper to diffolve a Drachm of white Vitriol in two Spoonfuls of Water, and add to the whole Quantity of the above-mentioned Eye-water; or elfe ufe the following Powder. " Take white Vitriol Powder, and the fineff A Powder " Loaf Sugar, of equal Parts; grind them for any "s very fine in a Marble or Glafs Mortar, and Blemif ca "c blow a little of it into the Horfe's Eye thro' the Eye' "C a clean Tobacco-pipe; or put a little into a 4" Corner, between the Eyelids) with your Finger and Thumb." And ufe the laft mentioned Eye-water Night How to ufe and Morning; but if the Eye begins to be i' clear, ufe the Eye-water alone, once a Day, Vol. I. p. till it is quite clear. 317, 311- S E C T. II. Of W Woounds of the Eye:. HE Eyes may be wounded in the fame manner as other Parts of the Body, viz. by Incifion or Pundture; and fometimes corn- plicated, with Contufion and Fradture of the Bones of the Orbit; and often with tearing the Eyelids, part of the Eye-brows, and Temples, which happens from violent Bites, and other Accidents. The Method of Cure, in general, is near the fame as in all other Wounds; but in regard of the extreme Ten- dernefs of the Eye, Cautions are neceffary to Causte. be obferved, as Bleeding, though the Wound be very fmall, becaufe the leafk Irritation will bring a Defluxion into the Eye ; and therefore F 2 all 68 Wounds of the Eyes. all Methods of Revulfion are proper, with Rowelling under the Jaws, the Breaft, or Belly. All imaginable Methods are to be taken to keep the wounded Eye cool, by cooling Ap- plications, avoiding the Ufe of Oil of Tur- The Eyelids, pentine, and fuch hot things. If the Eyelid is how to be wounded, and cut through, and the Cut di- ftitched, when cut. vides fo as the Lips part one from another, it ought to have a Stitch with a ftraight Needle, fuch as the Surgeons utf for fuperficial Wounds, Vol.1 and not drawn too clofe, but juft bringr the Vol. ' P' Edges together. Proper Dre(- The proper Dreffings for Wounds in the fings for Evfe, is Honey of Rofes, and Tinaure of Wounds of Myrrh, viz. one Drachm of the Tindure to one Ounce of the Honey of Rofes. The beft way of ufing it is to dip a Pledget of Lint into this Mixture, made warm, and applied to the Wound, for things tough and hard are too harfh for the Eye. This Dreffing may be re- peated once a Day, until the Wound is healed up, if no uncommon Symptoms appear. Further Di- But if there be a Fradure of the Bones that retAions compofe the Orbit or Socket of the Eye, or a wnhenrtetFo Swelling, Pain, and Inflammation, -in all fuch are wanted. Cafes, the following Fomentation will be of great Service. Fomentation Cc Take Elder Flowers, and red Rofes, of for the Eyes." each a Handful; Marfh-mallows, half a " Handful; Sal-Prunella, half an Ounce; Su- gar of Lead, one Drachm; infufe all in a Quart of boiling Water, firain the Infufion, c and, when cold, add half a Pint of red Wine " to it." DireUions This Fomentation may be ufed in the fol- how to ure lowing manner. Take two thick woollen the Fomen- Cloths, or two Pieces of Swanfkin, the breadth of two Hands each; foak thenm in the Liquor made Moon-Eyes, or Catara5s. 69 made pretty hot, but not fcalding, for the Eye will not bear any thing that is intensely hot; wring out one of the Cloths, and apply it over the wounded Eye; and when the firft begins to cool, wring out the other, and apply them thus alternately, for the Space of half an Hour; and if the Fomentation grows cold in that time, let it be heated again over the Fire. The Horfe may have his Eye fomented in this man- ner twice a Day, or oftener; and the Quantity prefcribed will laft forty-eight Hours, with good Management. When the fhooting Pain abates, which in TbSigns of fome meafure may be judged of by the finkin Aiged- of the Swelling, the Digeftion of the Wound, its difcharging good Matter, and the Chearful- nefs of the Horfie's Looks, the Ufe of the hot n-ow long Stuffs may be laid afide, and only the Dreffing i cc Dreflings continued, as above direated, till the W oundare to be is healed. continued. If any Part of the Orbit-Bones be broke, The Curte and feel loofe, the Cure will be retarded till the whn the Or-vBones broken Parts are Separated and caft off; during are broke. which time it will be proper to drefs withlk1 I P Tin&ure of Myrrh, and a little Tin6ture of32z 325. Euphorbium mixed together. S E C T. IIl. Of Lunatic or Moon-Eyes; and alfo of Cataraf1s. H E Symptoms which appear in Moon- The Symp- 1 ey'd Horfes, are no other than the Prog- toms and noffics of breeding Catara6ts. Thefe Symp- Prognoftics, toms generally make their firfi Appearance when a Horfe is turn'd of five, at which time one Eye becomes clouded, and the Eyelid F 3 fwoln1, 170'. Moon-Eyes, or Catarals. fwoln, and very often fhut up; and for the mofl pare the thin vifcid Water runs from the dif- eafed Eye down the Cheek, more or lefs, as the Eye is fwelled or inflamed. In fome Con- ftitutions the Humour is fo fharp and corrofive that it fcalds, and fetches off the Hair where- ever it comes. The Veins of the Temples, and under the Eye, along the Side of the Nofe, are alfo turgid and full; others run but little, and the Humour not very fharp. This Diforder is apt to come and go, till the Catarads are perfed and ripe; and then Vol. I. p. all Pains and Anguifh, and the Sorenefs and 326. Running of the Eyes go off with Blindnefs. It is gene- But there is another Kind of Moon-Blind- Tally the nefs, which is alfo the Forerunner of Cataradcs, of rCratnra- where no Humour or Weeping attends the Eye. It is never a.iut up or clofed, but will The Signs. now and then look thick and troubled; the Horfe fees little or nothing diftindly, the Eyes always appear funk and perishing, though tihe -Cataradcs do not become fo foon complete as where a Humour is predominant. Nor is it pnufual for one Eye to efcape, whereby a Horfe will retain Sight to guide him, fo as to render Vol.1. p. him fit for common Drudgery; although they 330--334. are very much pddided to ftartle. Colds and Sicknefs in Horfes is Sometimes the Caufe of Fevers fome- Moon-Blindnefs; as Fevers, especially thofe of Catite. the bilious Kinid, when the Eyes fwell and turn yellow; Sometimes inveterate Colds will alfo bring Blindnefs, when the Humour is repelled by improper Applications. The Cure. When the Eyes are fwoln and inflamed, the Horfe ifiould be bled, at proper Intervals, fometimes in the Neck, and Sometimes back- ward, to make Revulfion. But where the Eyes appear funk and perifhing, Bleeding is often pernicious. For thofe that are full, and run a thin Moon-Eyes, or Cafarals. 71 thin fharp Water, make a ftrong Tindure of red Rofe-buds, as has been dire&ed above, viz. Take four Ounces of this Tindure, dif- Proper Eye- " folve in it half a Drachm of Sugar of Lead, '.aters, and " and wafh the Horfe's Eyes, all over his the Method Eyelids, with a Sponge or clean Rag, twice them. a Day." When the Matter digefts and thickens, add to the whole Quantity of this Tinalure " About two Drachms of Honey, which will " diffolve by holding the Phial near the Fire, " and fhaking it. Ufe it as before." At the fame time, if the Parts near the Eye Rathingwith be hot, and the Veins over the Face, and Verjuice, or along the Side of his Nofe, be turgid and full, Roieg, of bathe thofe Parts frequently with the beff Vi- ureful. negar, Verjuice, or Vinegar of Rofes, till the Heat and Running of the Eye abates, and the Veins fink and grow lefs apparent. In the mean time fome lenient mild Purges to be ad- minifter'd, as the following lenitive Draughts, " Take Lenitive Eleduary, and Cream of Proper Tartar, of each four Ounces; Syrup of the Scowerings Juice of Buckthorn Berries, two Ounces; for Moon. " mix thefe with White-wine and Water; " warm about a Pint, and give it fafing. ,c Take Lenitive Eleduary, and Cream Of Another, " Tartar, of each four Ounces; Glaubes more cool- Purging-Salts, three Ounces; the folutive ing, for fat " Syrup of Rofes, two Ounces, to be mixed " with White-wine and Water, or warm Wa- " ter-Gruel." " Take the fineft Succotrine Aloes, fix A mild alte- " Drachms, or half an Ounce; Cream Of rative Purge Tartar, half an Ounce; frefh Jalap, in Eye the Eyes are F + fine weak. 72 Of jmple Fevers. Vol- Is P " fine Powder,. Salt of Tartar, of each one 338--345. Drachm; make it into a Ball, with a fuffi- cient Quantity of Oil of Amber, and roll it in Liquorice Powder." 1How long to One of thefe may be given every Week in the continue the , altcrative manner of a common Purge, with fcalded Bran, Purge. and his Water milk-warm. Thefe alterative Purges fhould be continued a Month or fix Weeks; then omit a whole Month; afterwards begin again; in all which time the Horfe may be kept in any common Bufinefs, except Hunt- ing, Journey-riding, or other very laborious Exercife. Cheap Re- In the Interval between the Purges, give him ImKedies to an Ounce of crude Antimony every Day, made prevent Moon Blind- into a fine impalpable Powder, in one of his Der& Feeds, which may be continued for three Months or longer; alfo the following Decec- tlon is very proper. "o A Pound of Guiacum Wood, boil'd in " three Quarts of Water, till it comes to two; Vol. T. P. "o give of this a Quart or two every Day in the '340. " Horfe's Water." C H A P. IV. S E C T. 1. Of Fevers. rrCaufiee SIM PPLE Fevers may proceed from any of a finple Caufe that tends to rarify a Horfe's Blood - Fever. too much, as working or travelling in very hot Weather; fometimes from a Diet too hot and rarifying, as too many Oats. Some kinds of Hay and Grafs will have the fame Effea alfo from Of fimple Fevers. 73 from a particular Temperament of the Air, which is Sometimes the Caufe. The Signs are Reftlefinefs, Beating at the The Signs Flanks, the Eyes red and inflamed, the rongue and Diagno- parched and dry; by an increafed Perfpiration, loofes his Appetite, eats nothing Sometimes for a Day or two, ranges from one end of his Rack to the other, nibbles at the Hay, pulling it out without chewing it as if he was curious and dainty, fmells at clean Litter, begins to eat Straw before he can relifh his Hay, his Ears and Feet are generally of an equal Warmth with his other Parts, which are hotter than or- dinary, tho' not parched and dry, as in forne inflammatory Fevers; he dungs pretty freely, but not much, hard, and in finall Balls; he has Sometimes Difficulty in Staling, and his Urine high-coloured; he feres to thirft, drinks little at a time, and often, which is owinog to the Diflenfion of his Lungs and Midriff, 0 for that caufes him to be fhort breathed, and hinders him from drawing down large Draughts. In the firft Place, bleed, to the Quantity of The Cure. three Points, or thereabouts; after Bleeding, give the following Drench. " Take Camomile Flowers, Sage, and Balm, "4 of each half an Handful; Liquorice Root cut " into thin Slices, half an Ounce; Sal Prunella, orNitre, two Ounces; infufe all in twoQuarts of boiling Water, in the manner of Tea; ". when it is almoft cold, pour off the Infufion, "i and fweeten it with Honey; but thofe who " will be at the Expence, may fweeten this In- fufion with four Ounces of Syrup of Li- " mons, or fqueeze a Limon into it, which " will make it both cooling and grateful. " Three Hornfuls inay be given four times in " a Day." All A fine cool- ing Drink for a fimple Fever. 74 Of fimple Fevers. How the All cooling Applications are proper. His Horfe is to Diet fhould be fmall Feeds of fcalded or moiut- he dieted in this Fever. ened Bran; or if he refutes fcalded Bran, let Vol. I. p. him have it raw, fprinkled with Water. It is 354- alfo neceffiary to pick out the fineft and fweeteft Hay; put it down into his Rack by fingle Handfuls, and renew it pretty often. It is ob- fervable, in thefe Cafes, that a Horfe feldom recovers till he lofes his Fleth. His Water need not be much warmed, and is to be given How they often in fmall Quantities. There is nothing are to be wantinc ili the way of Clothing, more than to clothed, . cover the Horfe's Body from the Shoulder to his Hips, juft to keep him moderately breathing, and to prevent himn from catching cold, when Doors and Windows are opened; in this Fever particularly flender Clothing is beft. SymptCos If a Horfe, in a Day or two, begins to eat tiiat require fealded Bran, and to pick a little Hay, there CoDMndiucine ,vl1 be no great need of any thing further but with Bleed- good Nurfing. If he ftill refufe to feed, he ing. aought by all means to lofe more Blood, and the fame Drinks continued, which are both cooling and gratcfaI to the Stomach, with two Drachms of Salffron ty'd in a Rag, fqueez'd in- to the Infufion, which makes the fafeft Cor- dial. Obferve his Dung, if that be knotty and dlrv by the Increafe of Heat and Perfpiration; in that Cafe let the following emollient Clyfler be given. A cootin-, "s Take two Handfuls of Marlh-mallows, Cb;lJJft (J cc Handful of Camomile Flowers, and Cliyer I" fweet Fennel-feeds one Ounce; boil all in " three Quarts of Water till one Quart is con- fumed; then pour off the Decoetion, and " add to it four Ounces of common Treacle, " and a Pint of Linfeed-Oil." This Of fimple Fevers. 75 This will keep his Body cool, and open, and Vol. 1. A. do much better than purging Clifters; and 355 356. ihould be continued till the Heat is abated. Thefe Fevers, if rightly managed, laft but a Short time. S E C T. I. Of complicated or compound Fevers. At Compound Fever, is denominated Malig- nant, Putrid, or Peftilential, according as the Blood happens to be more or lefs vitiated. The Malignant Fever feldom rifes to any re- Malignant markable Degree of Heat and Burning, as and Putrid other Fevers; neither does it come to any cer- Fcver. fain or diftin& Crifis, but as it creeps on gra- dually, fo it goes off infenfibly; Nature ftriv- ing all the time to get rid of her Enemy various 'ways, fometimes by one Secretion, and fome- times by another, but not perfedly by any; and without proper Care fometimes it ends in a Confumption. They take their Rife from feveral Cauf'es; The Caafei fometimes from unwholefome Food, viz. eat- of Malinan' ing too great Quantities of rotten or coarfe and Putrid Hay, rank Clover, mufty Beans, Bran, or Oats, fevers. too many Beans, mufly Chaff, drinking un- wholefome Water; all which things weaken the Stomach, and poifon the Blood. The Signs are a flow Fever, with languifh- The Signo. ing and great Depreffions. Sometimes the Horfe is inwardly hot, and outwardly hot and cold; his Eyes lolok moift and languid, a con- tinual Moicflure in hiss Mouth, feldom cares to drink, and when he does, it is but little, is apt to go totally off his Stomach; when he begins to feed, leaves off as Coon as he has cat a Mouthful or tvwo, moves his Jaws in a feeble maniiner, 76 Of Compound Fevers. manner, with an unpleafant grating of his Teeth; Tongue foft and moift; his fialing is often irregular; leldom high coloured, with little or no Settlement. The Prog- If the Horfe has no great Cold, or inward nofics. Sorenets, he may, with good Management, re- cover; but if he is very old, and his Blood grown vapid and poor, it will be difficult to reftore him again, fo as to be of ary great Ufe, unlefs his Conffitution has been naturally ftrong, and vigorous. It is a bad Sign, when a Horfe's Appetite declines, and grows lefs every Day, till at Iaft he forfakes all manner of Food, and vhen the Fever does not diminilh or keep at a Ray, but rathcr increases, the Cafe is dangerous. But when the Fever infenfibly abates; when his Mouth grows drier, and the grating of his -Iecth ceafes, 2nd he mends gradually in his APppbtite; when he takes to lie, which at firft he iSodom does, for a Week or Fortnight, or longer ; thefe are all promifing Signs, and there is iro doubt of his Recovery. The Cure, In the Cure it will be proper, in the firft pljice, fit blreding to take awvay a Quart or three Pints of Blood Veint Neck from the Jugrular or Neck Vein. After Bleed- ing, let the following Infufion be made. Thfulion for M a 1igrnant Fevers. cJC-tiions. " Take Rue, Penyroyal, and Scordium, of each a large Handful; Camomile Flowers, half a Handful; Galingal, bruited in a Ma 5Iojrtar, half an Ounce; the beft Englifh Saffi-on, three Drachms. Infufe theie in tw o Quarts of boiling Water in an earthen iPan, cover the Infufion clofe, with a Plate or Trc;ichacardl; when cold, pour it gently off into a clean VeXffel." Let a Pisit of this Infufion be given in the Morning failing, and two Hours before Feeding- time in the Afternoon. It will both ftrengthen his Of Compound Fevers. 77 his Stomach, and help to remove the Diforders in the Nerves. But as Horfes in Malignant Fevers feldom go quke off their Stomachs in the beginning, as in moIf other Fevers, there- of their fore moft People allow them Oats, which is Diet. dangerous, and increafes their Fever; but their See Vol 1. Palates in Fevers are never to be humoured, P361765 but encourage them in eating fcalded Bran, or elfe raw Bran Sprinkled with clean Water, the beft Hay, and put into their Racks by fmall Handfuls at a Time. In Malignant Fevers, Horfes are apt to be depreffed to fuch a degree, that they are fcarce able to lift up their iReads to the Rack, therefore they fhould often be fed Feeding by by the Hand, and will cat twice as much; and the HiM the more they eat of good Hay the better; the noetimf more their Appetite increases, and the rnore they relifh their Water. Now as to their Drink. It is always a good Token when a Horfe drinks freely; for in this Sort, they feldom drink what is fiifficient for them till the Fever abates; but drinking is fo absolutely necefiury to thin and dilute their Bloods, and promote their Secretions, that when they won't drink Gruel, or any thing warm, the beft way is to allow thein cold Water, even in the Winter, with no other Warmth but the Heat of the Stable, keeping always a Pail full of Water there to take off the ChilL But if by reafon of a more than ordinary Indifpofition in the Blood; if the Horfe feeds poorly; if he frales often, his Urine thin, and of a pale Colour, and without any Settlement; if his Dung be Sometimes loofe, and fbrnetimei hard; if the redundant Moiflure of his Miouth continues, with a Rednefs and Spunginefs about the Roots of his-Teeth; if his Skin feels fome- times dry, and his Coat looks furfeited, at other Times moift and damp; thefe are Sign: that th: 78 Of Compound Fevrres. the Diflemper ifill remains in its force; and c'therefore the following things may be further adminiffred. Balls for A Take Diapente, two Ounces ; Myrrh and Malignant " Virginia Snakeweed, in Powder, of each Fevers, pro- hal per intheIn- half an Ounce; Saffron, two Drachms; creafe. s Liquorice Powder, fix Drachms; Mithridate, See Vol. 1 c one Ounce; make it into four Balls, with a i " fufficient Quantity of reaified Oil of Amber." Let one of thefe be given every Morning, and one every Afternoon, about two Hours be- fore Feeding-time, with three or four Hornfuls of an Infufion after each; add to the Infufion for Malignant Fevers, half an Ounce of Vir- ginia Snakeweed; two Drachms of Caftor, cut into fmall Pieces, and mix with it a Pint of white Lifbon or Mountain Wine, let it be di- vided into four Potions for two Days; after that, the Infufion is to be made afrelh, and given without Wine, but along with the Balls, and continued about a Week, or till the Fever abates. A Method of A cheap Remedy for Horfes of fmall Value. Cure for r Horres of sc Give an Ounce of Diapente, made into a fzoall Value. 'C Ball, with Mithridate and Oil of Amber." Another Ball. " An Ounce of Diapente; a Drachm of Virginia Snakeweed, and a Drachm of Ruffia " Caftor, made into a Ball, with Oil of Am- " ber." further Dii A proper Draught to be given with either of thefe Balls. " Take Rue and Penyroyal, and make a " firong Infufion, in the manner of Tea, " whereof a Quart or three Pints may be given " every Day at proper Times, till the Fever "' abates, Of Hotfes Colds, &c. 79 abates, obferving carefully all the abovee- " recited Precautions concerning his Feedirt, " efpecially that he has Plenty of Water; and " when the Horfe is fit to be walked abroad, it " will be proper to lead him every Day into " the open Air." CHAP. V. SECT. I. Of Horfes Colds, and other Difeafes, of the Breadl and Glandulous Parts about the Head and Throat. THE moft ufual Caufes of Colds, areThe Caufes riding Horfes till they are hot, and fuf- of Horcs, fering them to frand in that Condition, whereColds. the Air is cold and penetrating. Another ufual Caufe of Colds, is the moving a Horfe out of a hot Stable to fRand in a cold one; and a Cold taken this way will alfo be more violent; and this is the Reafon why many Horfes catch very fevere Colds, after they come out of the Dealers Hands. New-built Stables are alfo dangerous, before they have been well aired and feafoned; and even old Stables, when they have flood long empty, and are grown damp, are dangerous to tender and delicate Horfes that have been well kept. Many Horfes catch fe- vere Colds, attended with Fevers and pluretic Diforders, by leading them through deep Ponds while they are hot, and often times by not caret fully rubbing them down, and drying the Sweat when they come off Journies: Riding late in the Night in cold damp Weather, expofes fome Horfes to catch Cold. The So The Signs. The Cure. A petoral Drink. Of Horfes Colds, &c. 0The Signs are a Cough, Heavinefs and DOu- nefs, which are more or lefs, according as the Cold happens to be more or lefs fevere. Some- times the Eye is moift and watery; the fwelling of the Kernels about the Ears, .and under the Jaws, a Gleeting at the Nofe; and when a Cold happens to be violent, a Horfe will be fe- verifh, and off his Stomach; will work at his Flanks, and loath hot Meat, and refufe his W9ater. When a Horfe has got a Cold, with a Cough, fnorts after it, and is but little off his Stomach, there will be no great need for Medicines, but only to bleed him, keep him warm, and give hinm fome Feeds of fcalded Bran ; but if he feels hot, and refufts his Meat, it will be neceffary to bleed plentifully in the firif Place, and after- wards give him the following Drink. " Take Hyflop, Coltsfoot, Penyroyal, and cc Horehound, of each a Handful; fix Cloves of frefh Garlick, peeled and cut fmall; Lin- feed, and frefh Anifeeds, of each an Ounce; Saffron, one Drachm; infifed in two Quarts of boiling Water, clofe covered: Warm a Quart of this Infufion, and diffiolve in it four Ounces of Honey, to be given failing, let- " ting the Horfe ftand two Hours after it, be- " fore he has Meat or WRatcr." For his Diet, let him have the fweeteft and bell Hay, fcalded Bran, and his VWater warmed. Another Drink for a Cold, viz. Anoer eafy " Two or three Ounces of frefh Anifeeds, to be had a Drachm of Saffron, infufed in hot Water; " and when the Infufion has flood till it is of a C right Warmth3, to diffolve in it a fufficient " Quantity of Honey, with two large Spoon- " fuls of Oil, and a Gill of white Wine." This, Of Horfes Colds, &c. 8I This, with good Nurfing, will anfwer in moft fudden Colds: Some diffiolve a cordial Ball, A common and fo make a Drink immediately, with a Pint of Methd. warm Ale or Beer; it is the common Method, but the pe6toral and balfamic Drinks prescribed are much better. The bell Sort of Cordial Balls for a Cold. c Take Powder of Fenugreek, Anifeeds, A Cordid " Cum'minfeeds, Carthumus, Alicampane,Ball for a " Coltsfoot, Flower of Brimfione, of eachCold. " three Ounces; Juice of Liquorice, one Ounce; Oil of Olives and Honey, of each eight Ounces; Genoa Treacle, twelve Oun- " ces; Oil of Anifeed, one Ounce;. mix alto- " gether with one Pound and a half of Wheat- " meal, or as much as is fufficient; make it into c a Pafte, which roll into Balls about as big as a comnmonWafh-ball; the beftway is to diffolve the Juice of Liquorice in White Wine, which not only makes them more pleafant and cor- " dial, but helps them to keep the longer; and " if half an Ounce of Saffron be added, they " will be much the better for it. The Ingre- " dients ihould all be new and frefh, other- " wife they are good for little." In recent new Colds, thefe Balls are often The Cure of ferviceable without any other Remedy; the Worms in Sulphur and Carthumus Seeds, make them pro- Hodesg per where young Horfes are troubled with Worms, attended with a Cough; and if half an Ounce of Ethiops Mineral be worked into a Ball, with the Addition of a little Honey or Treacle, and repeated every Morning for fe- veral Days, with warm Mafhes of Bran or Malt, they will generally anfwer the End pro- pofed by them, efpeciallv in cafe of Worms, if the following Drink be riven after each Ball. " Take 82 A Drink fnr the Wdrms. Of the Strangles, &c. '" Take Savin, one Handful; Gentian Root cut into Slices, and Coroline, of each half an Ounce; Liquorice, two Drachms; boiled in three Quarts of Water to a Quart, which is fuflicient for one Drink, and may may be repeated as long as the Balls are ad- miniftred. S E C T. II. Of the Strangles and Ives. rhe Stran- HE Strangles begin with a Swelling be- gles de- 1 tween the Jaw-bones, fometimes pretty cribed. lowamong iheMufcles of theTongue, attended with great Heat, Pain and Inflammation, fome- times to fuch a Degree, that a Horfe is fcarce able to fwallow, till the Tumour ripens and turns to Matter., The Caufe. Many Colts have the Strangles at Grafs, See Vol II which come to maturity and break, making a very P. 1Z plentiful Difcharge; fome have a running at the Nofe, which is often dangerous; and thofe that efcape the Strangles at Grafs, for the moft part are feizcd when they are firfi taken up and put to Bufinefs; and we often obferve Change of Diet, the Alteration of Air, and Exercife, brin& on the Strangles; other Caufes may be their catching Cold, fhedding their Teeth, or whatever may induce Pain, or bring a flux of Humours at any critical Time upon the Throat and Jaws. The Signs When the Strangles are coming upon a Horfe, andDiag- he feels unufually hot, and fometimes very fe- 3offics. I verifl, with a painful Cough ; go off their See Vol. 1.Z P, -13. Stomachs; are very Dainty; eat and drink with Pain in chewing and fwallowing. When the Swelling,- begins on the infide of the Jaw-bone, it Of the Stranglesi &c. 83 it is much lonyer in coming to Maturity; wherb the fwelling of the Strangles arifes between the Jaw-bones under the the middle of the Tongue, it is always the moft favourable; but if it rifes upwards among the Glands, and is divided into. feveral little Tumours, it is not fo kindly. This Diftemper feldom proves dangerous, un- The Cure. lefs People are too bufy; for doing too much in this cafe, is worfe than doing too little: The bell way is only to affift Nature, by keeping the Swelling always moift with Ointment of Marfh- mallows, this being the moft proper of all other things; if the Swelling break inwardly, and the Matter is difcharged chiefly by the Mouth ; it mull be wafhed once or twice a Day with this Gargle. " Take White Wine Vinegar, and Spirits A Gargle for of Wine, equal Parts; a Spoonful of Honey theStrangles, to wafh the " to a Pint. This with warmfoft Diet, will HOrfe'h " perfe6t the Cure." Mouth. If the Strangles be attended with the Symp- toms of a Malignant Fever, give the following Drink or Infufion, viz. Take Rue, Water-Germander, and Peny- An excellenzt royal, of each a Handful; Cainomile Flowers, Drink for the " half a Handful; Bay Berries, half an Ounce; Strangle3 Saffron, one Drachm; infafe in a Quart of " boiling Water all Night, clofe covered, and give it in the Morning with a Spoonful of Honey." When the Difeafe is dangeous, how the Diftemper is to be managed. See the Hiftory of an extraordinary Cure. Vol. II. p. i8, 19. S E C T. G 2 S E C T. III. Of the Ives, or Vives. The Ives de- - H E Ives has a near Affinity to the fcribed, and Strangles; it is a Swelling, and fome- how difbn- times a flight Inflammation of the Glands or guiflhed from theStrangles. Kernels under the Ears of a Horfe; they feldom come to Impoftumations, as the Strangles do, but perfpire and wear off gradually; and the Pain ana Sorenefs often abates, as in Men. How cured This may be cured, by only keeping the in the begin- Part warm and covered from the external Cold. ning. Sometimes the Swellings of thefe Kernels con- tinues for a Week or Fortnight, then fpreads downward, under the Throat, and at laft terminates in the Strangles. The Caures The Ives is moft incident to young Horfes, and and Signs. ufually proceeds from catchingCold, being over- heated, or over-worked, about the time of Ihedding their Teeth; a Horfe that has the Ives, coughs more than one that has only the Strangles, and has no lefs Difficulty in his Swallow; and can fcarce bear to be touched about the Neck and Throat. The Cure. The Cure in the firif place, is to anoint with External Ointment of Marfh-mallows, and to cover the Remedies. Horfe's Head and Neck with warm Cloathing; at the fame time bleed in proportion to the Horfe's Strength; in cafe of a violent Fever, repeat the Bleeding in a Day or two in a fmaller Quantity; but if the Kernels inflame and fwell, endeavour to bring them to Suppuration, by frequent Embrocations and keeping warm. The Methcd As to Internals, the fame Method is to be of treating followed as in Colds, and the fame opening Diet gardt tIhter-till the Horfe recovers his Appetite, drinking Water-gruel plentifully, is a great help in all fuch Of he Pleuri/5 and Peripneumony. 85 fuch Cafes, with fcalded Bran; in his Bran ma)P be given Sulphur and Honey with good Effed, especially if an Ounce of Sal Prunella be mixed with it once a Day; and as foon as he gets Fleffi, and recovers his Strength, it will be pro- per to give him two or three mild Purges. Purging is alfo neceffary after the Strangles, where the Horfe looks furfeited or hide-bound; but in moft Cafes, the Strangles are fo kindly, that Horfes generally thrive better after they are over than before, and need no other Phyfic to alter or purify their Blood. S E C T. -IV. Of a Pleurify and Peripneumony. A Pleurify or Peripneumony is fcarce fo I L much as mentioned by the Writers on the Subjed of Farriery, and not in the leaft underftood by the generality of Praftitioners, tho' thefe Difempers are very common among Horfes. The caufe of a Pleurify is often from hard The Caufe of Riding or hard Work of any kind, when the a Pleurify. Blood is fizy, efpecially young Horfes, that Se V0,. 1 have been high fed, and have had but little Exercife; fuffering a Horfe to cool too foon after he has been heated; riding a Horfe deep in cold Water when he is hot; expofing them to Rand long in a cold fharp or damp Air, or luch like. The Caufes of a Peripneumony are the fame The Caufes with the Pleurify, only that in the Peripneu- of a Perip- mony, there is generally a Plethora and In- A flammation of the Lungs, or fome very inve- terate Cold. The Signs of a Pleurify and Peripneumony, are alfo very much the fame; only with this G 3 diffe.. 86 Of the Pkeurify and Peripneumony. The Signs of ifference, that in a Plcurify, the Horfe fhews a Pleurify great Reftlefnefs and Uneafinefs; fhifts about neuumony, from Place to Place; the Fever, which at firft not eafily is moderate, rifes fuddenly to a very high De- finauHoffe. gree: In the Beginning, he often trives to lie See Vol. II. down, but flarts up again immediately, and P. 24. frequently turns his Head towards the affe6led Often m- Side; which has caufed many to miftake a pleu- taken for the retic Diforder for the Gripes; this Sign being Gripes. common to both, chiefly with this difference, that in the latter, a Horfe frequently lies down and rolls; and when the Gripes are violent, he Sgns of the will allo have convulfirve Twitches; his Eyes Gripes. turned up, and his Limbs firetched out as if he was dying; his Ears and Feet fometimes ex- ceffively Hot, and fometimes as cold as Ice; he falls into profufe Sweats, and then into cold Damps; ftrives often to ftiale and dung, but with great Pain and Difficulty, which Symptoms P1eirfv and continue till he has Relief. But in a Pleurify, Gripe6 di- a HorPi's Ears and Feet are always burning ofineguilr d hot, and his Mouth parched and dry; his othcrs Fever is continual, and increafeth; and tho' in the beginning he makes many Motions to lie down, yet afterwards he reins back as far as his Collar will permit, and makes not the leaft offer to change his Pofure; but ftands panting with fhort Stops, and aDifpofition to cough, till he has Relief, or drops down. Ahe cut! of The Cure of a Pleurify and Peripneumony P eurify is the famne, except where accidental Symptoms and Perip- require Ibme Variation, for they often are con- numOny. joined and go together, and then it is not eafy Fleeding a1- to di'finguih one from the other. Bleeding eays necef- and moft other Evacuations, are abfolutely ne- ceffary in all fuch Cafes. In the Beginning, a Rlroiig Horfe may loofe two or three Quarts of Blood at once, and the next Day, if the Sywp- ToniS continue violent, two Quarts more nmay i)e t;lk en Of the Pleuriay and Peripneumony. 87 taken from him; but if he be old, or has had any previous Weaknefs, the beft way is to bleed often, but take away a lefs Quantity at a time. A Horfe may lofe a Quart in the Morn- ing, and the fame Quantity in the Afternoon, which may be repeated the next Day, and longer, if the Symptoms require. Rowells are alfo of fervice in Pleurifies and Rowells ne- all inward Inflamrnmations; one on each fide the 'iar in the. Breaft, one on the Belly on the Side where he Where to feems to complain ; unlefs the Motions of his place them. Flanks be fo great, as to hinder its coming to Digeftion; in that Cafe he may be rowelled on the Infide of both his Thighs. The bliftering Ointment alfo does great Service, rubbed all A Blifler. -over his Brisket, upon the foremoft Ribs; it:ingOint muft be mild, without any thing cauffic or cor- t rofive befides the Spanifh Flies, which will only make a Revulfion, and not hinder his Exercife when that becomes neceffary. Internally, all thofe things are proper that Proper In- have been recommended in inveterate Colds , ternals in pleuretic only all heating Cordials are to be ormitted. Diforders. Soft oily Ballamics and Coolers do the moft Ser- vice in thefe Cafes, fuch as the following De- cocion and Ball. " Take Coltsfoot, Scabius, and Ground-Ivy, Cooling bal- cc of each a large Handful; Barley, a Hand- fainic Decoc. c ful; the beft Figs, cut in pieces, half a tlon. Pound; Garlick, two Ounces; Horfe- " Raddifh and Affafcetida, of each half an " Ounce; Saffron, two Drachms; boil all in two Quarts of Water, in a clofe Veffel, " half an Hour; pour off the Decoaion, and " add to it a Pint of Linfeed-Oil, and a " Pound of Honey." " Take Spermaceti, one Ounce; rub it in The Balfa- " a Mortar with the Yolk of a new-laid Egg; mic and Pec- G 4+ "s add toral BaUs. 88 Of the PleuriJry and Peripneumony. " add to this half an Ounce of Venice Tur- pentine; incorporate them together; then " take an Ounce of Sal Prunella, or Salt Petre; Saffron, half a Drachm; Chemical " Oil of Anifeed, half a Spoonful; make " the whole into one or two Balls, with a.fuf- ficient Quantity of Honey, or Syrup of Corn Poppies, which is preferable to the Honey, " and roll them in Liquorice Powder." Direaions Thefe Balls are to be given immediately, and concernink repeated twice a Day, or oftener at firfr, with and Dril three or four Hornfuls of the abovementioned Pe6loral Decodtion, and in two or three Days he will probably run at the Nofe, and begin to feed; and when this Symptom appears the Balls and Decoftion are to be continued tili the Running abates, and his Appetite increafes. Cvfiers ne- If he happens to be coftive, he ought to have ceifAry. a cooling Clyfter once a Day, made of fat Broth, or Pot-Liquor where Mutton or Beef has been boiled, a Pound of Treacle, and the fame Quantity of Linfeed Oil; one of thefe may be given every Day. The Salt in the Pot- Liquor being fo little in Quantity, will have no other Effed than to make it a fmall matter purgative. The following may alfo be ufed, being a good Emollient, and more in form. An emo!';ent C Take Mallows and Marfh-mallows, each Cfyfler. " a Handful; the Herb Mercury and Camo- " mile Flowers, the fame Quantity; Fennel ' Seeds bruifed, two Ounces; boil all in two Quarts of Water to three Pints; then t-rain off the Decodion, and add a Pint of Lin- " feed-Oil and a Pound of common Treacle." Further Pi- But if the Horfe continues hot, reftlefs, and llruffions. if the Di0cm- fhort-breathed, and refufes to feed after the per conti- Things mlued. Of the Pleurfyy and Peripneumony. 89 Things above prescribed have been regularly complied with, Recourfe muff be had to Bleed- ing in fmall Quantities at a time; purging Clyfters are alfo necefliry, with the Continu- ance of the Balls and Drinks, adding to the Decoaion or the Drink, "4 Half an Ounce of Caftor, and the fame Quantity of Gum Tragacanth, or Gum cc Arabic alfo diffolved in it." " Take Leaves of Sena, Roots of Marfh- An excellent " mallows, of each two Ounces; Sweet Fen- mild purging " nel Seed and Bay-Berries, of each an Ounce; Clyfler. bruife both, and boil all in five Pints of Wa- 29 . " ter; clear off the Decofion thro' a Sieve, " and diffolve in it four Ounces of Lenitive " Eledluary, two Ounces of Syrup of Buck- thorn, with half a Pint of Linfeed-Ol, to be given with all Expedition, luke-warm. " This will purge a Horfe without much Pain and Griping." If the Horfe grows cooler, and his Pain more Further In- -moderate, after the Ufe of thefe things, you ftrufions may repeat the Clyfter the next Day, unlefs he hwen the may repeat Day, iorfe begins has purged much, then intermit one Day, andto mend. repeat it the Day following. When he comes to eat fcalded Bran, and pick his Hay, you need give him only the firif prescribed Pectoral Drink, four Hornfuls, till he is fit to be walkcd abroad. But as Pleuretic Diforders are more apt to Pleuretic leave fome Taint on the Lungs, than comnon Difordcrs -qt Colds, or other inflammatory Diftempers, there- Tain tae fore a great deal of Care muft be taken, upon the Lungs. his Recovery, that his Feeding be proper and right, and in due Quantity, and his Exercife How a rlorf- well timed. A Horfe Ihould be kept to a light isnto be ma- open Diet, for a Fortnight or three Weeks, Crcumn Whiz, Fennces;. 90 Of the Pleuri/j' and Peripneumony. viz. a Quartern of Bran fcalded every Day; and befides that, two or three fmall Feeds of the cleanedf and fweeteft Oats, fprinkled with Chamber-lye; now and then, in his Brani, a large Spoonful of Honey and Sulphur. Some- times, for a Change, give him about a Quart of Barley, fcalded in a double Infufion of hot Water, that it may be foftened, and the Wa- ter given him to drink. His Exercife fhould be increased as he gathers Strength, in an open free Air, when the Weather is favourable, If there be any Remains of a Cough, the Air will be a- great Help to remove it, with moderate Exercife; and the Remedies hereafter pre- fcribed for a dry Cough may alfo be given at Difcretion. Purging is alfo proper after Pluretic so Id Ptirg- Diforders, but then the Purges fhould be very ala proper gentle. jttcr the The following is one of the mildeff and belt feripnou- that can bc ufcd, the molt fafe and efficacious S;Iony. in all fuch Cafes. An effica. "c Take the fineft Aloes, one Ounce; Rhu- cious mild cc barb, and Salt of Tartar, of each two Purge aftera "Drachms; Saffron, one Drachm ; one mid- Pl eurify dle-fized Nutmeg, firif grated, and then " beat up with the other Ingredients; make it " into a Ball, with a fufficient Quantity of Sy- " rup of Buckthorn, and roll it in Liquorice- " Powder." Tfc.icften tO This may be given with the ufual Precau- ;-at its tions neceffary in Purging, and is to be repeat- ed three times, at proper Intervals, viz. once a Week, and will help greatly to carry off the )regs and Remains of the Difemper. S E C T. Of the External Pleuriry, &C. 9' S E C T. V. Of tbe External Pleurify, or Cheft-Founder. U) E S I D E S the Internal Pleurify, there is The Signs 3 alfo an External Pleurify, viz. an Inflam- ant Progao. mation of the intercoftal Mufcles, which com- pofe the flefhy Parts between the Ribs. It pro- ceeds from the fame Caufe as the Intercoftal, and may be known by a Stiffnefs of the Body, Shoulders, and Fore-legs; Sometimes by a ihort dry Cough ii the beginning; a Shrink- ing, when the Horfe happens to be handled in thofe Parts; and perhaps, when not well cured, it proves the Original of that Diftemper which Horfemen and Farriers call a Cheft-Founder: chea- For when the Inflammation is gone off, and Founder. the Vifcidity of the Blood and Juices fill re- mains, it may readily enough bring on fuch Stiffiiefs and Inactivity as cannot eafily be re- moved, and is generally known by the Name of Cheft-Founder. But while there is only an external Pleurify, The Cure. it is often carried off by Bleeding and Peatoral )rinks, to promote the Difcharges from the Lungs; and afterwards Purging, which is the likelieft way to prevent its inflaming the Lungs, and other internal Parts, or making a Settle- ment upon the Mufcles of the Breaft and Shoulders, which is the moft ufual Confe- quence; and therefore when there is any Suf- picion of an external Pleurify, outward Appli- cations are not fo fafe; unlefs when an out- ward Swelling appears with a Tendency to When to ure break, in which Cafe the Swelling, and theoutwardAp- Parts about it, are to be anointed with Oint- with Sarety. ment of Marfh-mallows, to haften the Suppu- ration. Thefe outward Inflammations on the foul- 92 Inflamma- tion of the Midriff, vul- girly called the Skirt. Vol. I1. p. 32. Of tbe Cough and 4bhma. four Ribs often come to a favourable Ifflue, by falling downwards, which is fometimes a little troublefome, when Repellers are indifcreetly ufed. On the contrary, a critical Difcharge from thefe Parts promote Health, and prevent Lamenefs. There is another Difcemper, called by the Vulgar, Inflammations of the Midriff or Skirt, but not to be diffinguifhed from a Pleurify or Peripneumony, and may be treated in the fame manner. S E C T. VI. Of the, Cough and AJfbma. S o M E fine Horfes are fubjeat to a lafting and, continued Cough, without the other Symptoms of a Cold, and frequently turn Afth- matic, broken-winded, or confumptive. Tile Coufes The Caufe of a fettled habitual Cough, is oh fettled fometimes owing to Colds that have never been Cough. perfetly cured, but have left a Taint upon the Lungs; and many other Caufes. too to di- If a' Florfe's Cough is of a long ftanding, flhtigh an fome of whom wheefe and rattle to fuch a De- AfrtPhea, grec, and are fo thick-winded, that they can froin othe - re hardly be dragged along at firft when they go Coughs. abroad, till they have been fome time in the Vol. II. P- free open Air; after which they ufually mend their Pace, and will go on, and do their Bufi- nefs beyond all Expe ation; thefe are properly afthmatic Cafes, and ought to be diftinguilhed by their Symptoms, from that Purfivenefs and Difficulty of Breathing, that we fee in fome Horfes, from foul Feeding, and want of due Exercife, or in thofe taken up from Winter Grafs; for in this latter Cafe it often proceeds from Of the Cough and Afthma. 93 from a low poor Diet, in Places exceeding wet and cold, by which means Perfpiration is much impaired, and thro' the want of Warmth and Food, a Horfe grows weak and faint. But the Symptoms wear off gradually when he comes into better Keeping; and when a Horfe blows and pants with being over fed, and want of Exercife, it may be eafily cured if taken in time, with a contrary Management, becaufe there is no rooted or fixed Difemper in either of thefe Cafes; only in the one, the want of good Blood and Spirits; and in the other, a heavy fluggifh Blood, with a Plethora or Full- nefs. But it is otherwise in a true confirm'd Afth- Dangerous ma; that, indeed, may have its Fits and Pa- and doubtful roxyfms relieved, tho' it is feldom totally re- Cafes. moved. But where a Horfe retains his Strength, notwithftanding his Cough, is full of Flefh, but has a quick Motion in his Flanks, and flags when he is put hard to work; if a Horfe be full-aged, and thefe Symptoms of fome Con- tinuance, the Cafe may be looked upon as doubtful. But if a Horfe be young, and falls into fuch When pro- a Habit after a Cold, or after long Sicknefs, bable to re- ,cover, or other Accidents, whereby it may be fufpe6I- ed fuch Symptoms are coming upon him, there may be fome Hopes of recovering him, if he be carefully managed. Firlm of all take a moderate Quantity of The Cure. Blood; the next Day give him fcalded Bran, and at Night the following Mercurial Ball. " Take Diapente, one Ounce; Calomel, Mercurial " that has been often fublimed and well pre- alls pared, two Drachms; make them into a Ball, with a fufficient Quantity of Honey." Let 94 Of the Cough and 4ftbma; Let the Ball be repeated the next Night, let his Water be warm, and never fuffer him to go into the Wet. He fhould be clothed both with Head-cloths and Body-cloths, and well littered; his Hay fweet and dry; Water-gruel to be preferred to Water, or elfe the Water foftened with Bran; and his Food fhould be fcalded Bran and a Spoonful of Honey in each Feed. The Morning after the fecond Mercu- rial Ball, give the following Purge. A Purge. . Take fine Succotrine Aloes, ten Drachms; frefh Jalap in fine Powder, and diaphoretic Antimony, of each two Drachms; Salt of Tartar, two Drachms; make it into a Ball " with a fufficient Quantity of Syrup of Buck- " thorn, and about fixty Drops of Oil of Ani- " feeds." foreadions This is to be adminiffer'd in the Mfornin- for admi- mifiring the and the Horfe to be managed with all the Pre-- Medicines, cautions ufual in Purging: Once in five or fix &kC. Days the Purge is to be repeated, till he has taken three Purges; and before each, over Night, one Mercurial with Calomel, as above dire6ed, taking all imaginable Care that the Calomel be well prepared, and that the Horfe do not catch cold. After each Purge give the following Drink, which is proper where M\4er- curial Medicines are given to prevent any ill Effeas that may proceed from thence. A proper " Take of the Shavings or Rafpings of Diet-Drink Guiacum Wood, half a Pound; of Raifins 2fter Mercu- rial Medi- " of the Sun, four Ounces; Coltsfoot, a large cifl . is Handful; fliced Liquorice, half an Ounce; " boil them in three Quarts of Water to two 4' Quarts, and diffolve in it four Ounces of " Honey." Give one Half in the Morning, after the Purge has done working, and the other in the Morning following. If Of the Cough and Ajlhna. 95 If after thefe things have been adminifler'd, How to pro- the Horfe grows better, and more able to en- teed on A dure Exercife, you may be encouraged to pro- y ceed further, in order to a more perfed Reco- very, by a conftant Ufe of milder Mercurials, fuch as the following, which is a very curious Cinnabar Ball, which will by Degrees open the Obfirudions, that by their Continuance caufe Indurations, and hard Concretions in the Lungs. cc Take Native Cinnabar, or Cinnabar of An- A curinus timony, half a Pound; Gum Guiacum, four cinnabw Ounces; Myrrh and Gum Ammoniacum, Ball. " of each two Ounces; Liquorice Powder, " three Ounces; reduce the Cinnabar into a " fine Powder, rubbing it in a clean Mortar c by itfelf, till it is of a beautiful red Colour, " and that no Gliftering appears; the Myrrh, " Gum Guiacum, and Ammoniacum, muft be well pounded in a large Mortar, keeping " the End of the Peftle moilfened with Oil; ' and when thefe are thus pounded and incor- cc porated, add the Cinnabar and Liquorice " Powder, and mix them well together with " a fufficient Quantity of Honey, or Oxymel C of Squills, and make it into Balls the Big- c nefs of a Pullet's Egg." One of there to be given evcry Morning, letting the Horfe ftand without Hay or Wa- ter two Hours before and two Hours after each Ball. Thcfe Balls may be continued two or three Months, during which time the Horfe may be rid or worked as ufual; he may alfo have his ordinary Feeds of Oats, giving him now and then a little fcalded Bran, and in cold Weather his Wrater may have the Chill taken off. This is the way to cure all fuch Diforders, Vol. I1. EL before they are deeply rooted. 43' 44 HIrfe; X 96 Of the Cough and 4fShma, Horfes, with fuch Infirmities, may hold out feveral Years with little Alteration, if they have not much to do, and are well ufed. The Cafe of The next Cafe of a fet4ed Cough and Afthma H4orfes that weeaHre setee wheeze and is, where a Horfe is extremelythick-winded, rattle, and and wheezes and rattles in his Throat. If the are thick- Horfe is young, and has not been long under winded. the Diftemper and Fit; if he be full of Flefh, bleed plentifully; if low in Flefh, more fpa ringly; which may always be repeated, when- ever there is a more than ordinary Difficulty of The Cure. Breathing. Mercurials are alfo of great ufe in this Cafe, as well as in the preceding, and therefore a Mercurial Ball may be given over Night, which has the two Drachms of Calo- mel prescribed in it, to begin the Cure, and the next Morning the following mild Purge. A gentle Purge. Direklions for admi- nrring the Medicines. " Take Gum Galbinum, Ammoniacum, " and Aflafcetida, of each two Drachms; fine Succotrine Aloes, one Ounce; Saffron, one Drachm; pound the Gums, and incorpo- " rate them together; reduce the Aloes and " Saffron into fine Powder, and then pound them, incorporate with the Gums, and make " them into a Ball with a fufficient Quantity of Syrup of Coltsfoot, or with Honey; add- " ing two Drachms of Chemical Oil of Ani- feeds, and a Drachm of Oil of Amber, which " may be rolled in Liquorice Powder." This Purge will work mildly, and thin the vifcid Juices, open the Breaft, and fometimes fetch away abundance of Slime and Naffinefs out of the Bowels, and likewife difcharge a great deal of Impurities by Urine. The Mer- curial Ball and Purge may be repeated three times, or oftener, at proper Intervals, viz. once a Week or ten Days, which is fufficient in adminiftring alterative mild Purges; for the ufual CQuggh and Afihma. 97 ufrual Purges, often repeated do hurt, by en- dangering Inflammations in the Lungs of Horfes full of Blood, which in this Cafe is carefully to be avoided: He muff be kept from being wet in any Part; in the intermediate Days, that is, the Days between the Purges, one of the following Balls to be given every Morning, with the ufual Precautions, viz. by letting him faft fome time before and after. " Take Powder of Liquorice, Anifeeds, Ele- An ercellent c campane, and Flower of Brimftone, of ahm o an c each four Ounces; Saffron, half aht Ounce, c dried with a moderate Heat, and make it " into Powder; Juniper-Berries pounded, " and Garlic, of each two Ounces; beat the " whole into a Pafte, with a fufficient Quan- " tity of Honey and Linfeed Oil; and an " Ounce of the Chymical Oil of Anifeeds." The Dofe is the bignefs of a Pullet's Egg made into a Ball, and rolled in Liquorice Powder. Others may be made with lefs Trouble, which, in all common Cafes, will be attended with Succefs, and often effedtuate a Cure. " Take Liquorice, Anifeeds, and Elecam- PCeoft " pane, of each four Ounces; Juniper- Ball:. Berries, pounded, two Ounces; Garlic, one Ounce; Balfam of Sulphur, with Oil of Turpentine, and Oil of Anifeeds, of " each an Ounce; make it into Balls, with a fufficient Quantity of Oxymel Squills." Thefe are proper when a Horfe wheezes, Th. B and continues thick-winded, with a Cough, fit. even when he has recovered his Appetite after an obftinate Cold, they will never fail to do good Service. hi As 98 How to be Dieted. Refiraining I-orfes too much from Water often injurious. Of a kokid W1nat As to Diet, the belf way with fuch Horfes is to abridge their Hay, and give them but little at a Time, and not too often: Their Corn fhould alfo be divided, and what is ufually given at twice, made into four Portions. As to their Water, it not only moiftens all the Food, and helps it eafier to digeft, but dilutes and thins the Blood,which renders it the more neceffary in all fuch Afthmatic Cafes; therefore thofe run to great Extreams who reftrain Horfes fo much from Water as many do; for they fhould have it often in fmall Draughts. S E C T. VII. Of a Broken Find. TH 0 S E Horfes that have only a dry Cough, or thofe that ufually go Broken- winded, for the moft part look healthful and found; carry Flefh, and are well coated; hunt, and go through all manner of Bufinefs, with Spirit and Alacrity; but cough at uncer- tain Times, rather more in walking, than when in their Exercife, except when they are flopped fuddenly; which, if they have been hard rode, always makes them cough. In fome Changes of the Weather, they cough pretty much for feveral Days fucceffively; at other Times, they will go for a Fortnight or three Weeks, or longer, without ever being heard to cough; they feldom fnort after cough- ing, or throw up any thing by the Mouth and Nofe, as Horfes do in a phlegmatic, humorous Aflhma; but are commonly dry, or at leaft cafl forth nothing but fome Drops of clear Water, after a vehement fit of Coughing; and there- fore The Signs. Vol. II. p. 5 1 -63. Of a .brohen Mindi 99s fdfe the way following is the moft likely Me- thod to keep Horfes from going Broken- winded, and to render them as ufeful as poflfi- ble, and whereby the worft Symptoms may be greatly mitigated. While a Horfe has only a dry, obilinate Cough, without any vifible Sicknefsj-or lofs of Appetite; but on the contrary, a great and The utual foul Feeder, with an eager Difpofition to eat forertnneri his Litter, and to drink much Water; thefe Windabrkc being the ufual Forerunners of a broken Wind, no Method ought to be unaflayed, if the Horfe be of Value, to prevent his falling into that Difafter. In order to which, it will be proper to begin The 'bef with bleeding the Neck or Plate Vein; andMethod to after that, mercurial Phyfic, well prepared, will be of great Service; Calomel is the fitteft for that Purpofe, and may either be- given alone before the Purges, or made up with them. When the Calomel is given before the Purge, it fhould be done in the following manner. " Take Mercurius Dulcisf or Calomel, two Mercurial Drachms; Diapente, one Ounce; make it Phyfick proa " into a Ball, with a fufficient Quantity ofp p " common Treacle, or a Solution of Spaniih Liquorice, and roll it in Liquorice Powder." Let this be given in the Morning, keeping the Horfe faffing three Hours before, and three Hours after it; two Days after this Ball, let the following, or any other good Purge, be adminiffered. " Take the bell Succotrine Aloes, ten A Purge Drachms; Jalap in Powder, one Drachm; proper in chi " and if the Horfe be ftrong, and not eafilyCa' moved, two or three Drachms of Jalap may be put into the Purge; Salt of Tartar, two H 2 "Drachms, 100 Of a broken Wind. " Drachms, grated Ginger, one Drachm; " make it into a Ball with a fufficient Quan- tity of Syrup of Rofes, or Syrup of Buck- " thorn." Dire&ons The mercurial Ball and Purge, may be twice how to older or three Times repeated after the firif, at pro- the Horse. per Intervals. The Horfe muft be kept clothed. and not fuffered to go into the Water, or to be wet, or drink cold Water, but warm, with a little Bran or Oatmeal fqueez'd into it, and muff be fed as in all other Cafes where Purges are given. In the intermediate Days between the Purges, it will be proper to adminifter Things that are foft, healing and balfamic, as well as thofe that are cleanfing and attenuating; for foft balfamic Medicines alone will only palliate, but not effeiuate a Cure; nevertheleis, thefe are principally to be ufed when the Cough is moft vehement, to remove the Tickling, and Healing and heal the inward Sorenefs, as Spermaceti, Lin- Balfamic feed Oil and Honey, which is not only Bal- Medicines famic, but moderately cleanfing and deterfive; eceffary. Solution of Gum Arabic, Gum Tragacanth, and fuch like; but nothing does better to abate the Cough, and heal the Sorenefs occafioned by it, than the following Apozem. A oft Bal- cC Take Hyffop, Penyroyal, Coltsfoot and faric Apo- Cc Horehound, of each a Handful; frefh Lin- zem. " feed bruis'd, two Ounces; Anifeeds and " Liquorice, of each an Ounce; Valerian, " fix Drachms; Saffron, two Drachms; in- fufe in two Quarts of boiling Water in a deep Pan, and let it itand covered all Night." How to ad- Divide it into three Dofes, and adminifter minifiLr it. them between the Purges, viz. beginning the Of a broken Wind. 0l1 the Morning after the Phyfic has done work- ing, and giving one every Day Blood-warm. The fame Method may be followed after the fecond and third Purge: And if the Horfe fliould have any Symptoms of a frefh Cold, two large Spoonfuls of Honey, and two Ounces of Linfeed Oil, or Sallad Oil, May be added to each Dofe. The following Balls are both Balfamic and Deterfive, and being portable, may be con- veniently given upon the Road, or after Hunt- ing, to fuch Horfes as are fubje&t to Cough. Take Venice Turpentine, and Conferve of A Balfamic Rofes, of each two Ounces; ElecampaneBall that Liquorice, and Anifeeds in Powder, of each may be given " four Ounces; Garlic pounded, two Oun- on the Road. ces; Spermaceti rubbed down in a Mortar, " with the Yolks of two new-laid Eggs, one Ounce; Honey, a Quarter of a Pound; " make into Balls, with a fuflicient Quantity o Of Linfeed Oil." One of thefe to be given every Morning in A proper a time of Hunting; or on the Road every method to Day, or every other Day, according to the bc feollowfa Urgency of the Symptoms; that is, as thefrefliColdor Cough happens to be more or lefs vehement, when the and will very much help a Horfe to go through Cough hap. his Bufinefs. vehement. All foft, healing, Peatoral Things, are pro- per in this Cafe, yet they will fignify but little in carrying off the Caufe, without being joined with fuch Things as are both deterfive and at- tenuating, and adapted to open the Obifruc- tions of the fralleft Capillary Veffiels that clog the Nerves, and it is neceffary to continue them for fome Space of Time. H 3 It 102 Of a broken Wind, -&c Care to be It is advifeable, if any one has a young or taken of valuable Horfe with this Infirmity, not to be Horfes. too late in the Cure, 'for this Diflemper gene- rally increases, and the Cure becomes more dif1icult as he grows older; the following Re- medy is by Experience known to be the moft efficacious and fuccefsful Medicine for obftinate and fettled Coughs; and for this Purpofe is made up into Balls, that being the moft con- venient Form, and the beft fuited to the In- gredients. An excellent cc Take Aurum Mofaicum in fine Powder, Remedy to C eight Ounces; Myrrh and Elecampane in rTevent Ca Powder, of each four Ounces; Anifeeds I-lorfe going Broken- C and Bay-Berries, of each an Ounce ; Saf- winded. c fron, half an Ounce; make into Balls, with a fufficient Quantity of Oxymrel of Squills." Thefe Balls have been given with great Suc- cefs in obftinate dry Coughs; and tho' it is a mercurial Preparation, yet it is fo fafe in its Operation, that it may be continued a long Time together, without the leaft Danger. The other Ingredients are warm and attenua- ting, and give great Relief in all nervous Dif- jbirraionx orders, the Dofe is the ufual Quantity, the how to give bignefs of a fmall Pullet's Egg; one to be chefe Mcdi- given every Morning, and to be continued for a Month or fix Weeks, even though the Horfe lhould leave off Coughing. Give a Couple of mild Purges, before he begins to take the mer- curial Balls, and two more, after he leaves off taking them! The following Prefeription is alfo very effi- cacious, and will anfwer in moft Cales. iThnnabar " Take Gum Ammoniacum, Galbinum and sills for thece Affafcetida, of each two Ounces; Garlic, fbmePurpofcD four Ounces; Cinnabar of Antimony, fix " Ounces Of a Aroken- Ind, &c. 103 VI Ounces; Saffron, half an Ounce; make "' into Balls, with a fuflicient Quantity of H' Honey." The following alfo-will be found efficacious in all dry Coughs, efpecially when there happens to be a frefh Cold, or any other concomitant Dif- order, that may caufe Sorenefs in the Lungs. 'Fake the cleareflIhining Antimony, made into an impalpable fine Powder, eight " Ounces; Garlic pounded, Flour of Brim- " flone, and dried Coltsfoot, of each four cc Ounces; Elecampane, and Liquorice Pow- " der, of each fix Ounces; Valerian Root in 'Powder, two Ounces; Saffron, fix Drachms; Spaniih Liquorice diffolved in White Wine, 'one Ounce; make it into Balls, with afufficient Q Quantity of Oil of Olives or Linfeed Oil." Thefe may be given a Month or fix Weeks, as the others. But where a Cough is not to be moved by The Exercirc the help of Medicines, the beft way to keep it and Feeding moderate, and to prevent a Horfe's going Broken- prriPt in ob- winded, is. principally to obferve a juft OEco- Coughs, and nomy in his Feeding and Exercife; his Feeds where a fliould be divided and given often; a moderate Horie's Wind Quantity of Hay, or any other kind of Diet'S faulty. iiSee Vol. II. that may not fill up the Stomach and Guts too P- 70--8 3. much, and excite him to drink beyond meafure; and this Caution ihould be obferved, even tho' he does not carry a Belly, which is the cafe of many young Horfes while they are growing. His Exercife fhould be conftant, and more than perhaps is needful for others, that have not the like Symptoms; and as we fuppofe the Lungs, and fome others of the Vifcera, to be large and over-grown, the following alterative Ball may be given once a Fortnight, or once in three Weeks, to attenuate the Blood and H 4 Juices, 104 Qf a cofumption. Juices, and to make a Revulfion, the better to fit a Horfe for his'Exercife. cc Take Succotrine Aloes, fix Drachms; An altera- c; Myrrh, Galbinum, and Ammoniacum, of tive Ball for cc each two Drachms; Saffron, one Drachm; or an obfti-cc and Bay-Berries, half an Ounce; let the nate Cough. " Ingredients be pounded, and made up into a Ball, with an Ounce of Syrup of Buckthorn, and a Spoonful of Oil of Amber." Thefe mhould be continued for two or three Months during the Spring Seafon, when fuch Horfes are much fubje&l to Coughs. They work fo gently, as not to hinder a Horfe from his ufual Exercife or Bufinefs, excepting the Day he takes it, which is but one Day in a Fortnight or three Weeks, when it will be pro- per for him to have a little warm Meat and Water. Thefe things, with conftant Exercife, may gradually abate the fuperfluous Growth of Flefh, whether internal or external; it will help to remove the Redundancies that may clog the Nerves, and hinder the regular Adion of the Mufcles, which is the moft feafible way of all others to prevent a broken Wind. S E C T. VIII. Of a Con/umption. The Caufe of a Con- himption. T HAT Horfes are fubje& to Confumptions, and wafting Diforders, mull be manifeft to all who have had any Acquaintance with their Difeafes, tho' few have been able to diftin- guifh a true Confumption from an obitinate Cold, or other Diforders of the Breaft. The Caufe of a Confumption is frequently from Colds, that have never been thoroughly cured, that have left fome Taint upon the Lungs, Of a Confumptimt. 1t o Lungs, efpecially the Parts contained within the Cheft; Sometimes from violent inward Strains, and working a Horfe beyond his Strength, when he has a Cold upon him; tra- velling a Horfe beyond his Strength; riding long Journies without allowing fuflicient Food, or proper times of bating or ref upon the Road; Riding in the Night in damp and wet Weather, and fome other fuch like Errors; Sometimes from Pleurifies, Surfeits, and long continued Sicknefs of any kind. Their Eyes look dull, and a little moift;The Signs of their Ears and Feet, for the moft part, hot; a Confump- they have commonly a fharp Cough by fits, fre- Horf.a juently attended with a Groaning; they fneeze very much, have an Uneafinefs and quick Mo- tion in their Flanks; they often gleet at the Nofe, and fome throw out a yellowish curdled Matter; they have but little Appetite to Food, ecfpeciavlly to Hay; but will eat their Corn, and for the moflt part are hot after it. Sometimes thefe Symptoms abate, and 'give Hopes of a Recovery; but the leaft Over-exercife or Er- ror in Feeding, brings them to their old Pafs. Some look fleck and fmooth, though their Flefh be wafting; others have rough and ftaring Coats, and appear alfo to be furfeited. When a Horfe retains a tolerable Appetite to Prognellies. Food, and holds out a long while without any great Abatement of his Strength, or Lofs of Flefh, it is a good Sign; on the contrary, when he continues lofing his Flefh and Vigour, it is a Sign of Decay. When a Horfe runs a yel- Jowifh Gleet from his Nofe, or curdled Matter, it always proves mortal; but if the Matter be white and digefted, and at times abates with a Gleet of clear Watlr, it is a promifing Sign, efpecially if the Horfe be young; but even where the beft Symptoms appear, Confump- tions 1o6 Of a Confnmpdcn. tions of all kinds are dangerous -and uncertain, and every Accident or Error expofes confump- tive Horfes to Relapfes, becaufe the Founda- tion of his Decay is -often owing to natural Weaknefs. The Cure. As to the Cure of Confumptions, one of the principal things is Bleeding, which fhould be fmall in Quantity, but often, efpecially in the Begiinning, before a Horfe lofes too much of his Flefb; this helps to abate the hedfic Fever, which ufually attends Confumptions, and is a Relief to the Diforders of the Lungs. A Pint at once, or a Pint and a half from fome Horfes, is fufficictt, which may be repeated as often as they appear to be more than ordinarily oppref- fed in Breathing. All thofe things that are pro- per in Colds, are profitable here alfo. The fol- lowing BaIhs will likewife do good Service, if the Horfe be young. Balls for a Confuznp- tion. Direftions. " Take Conferve of Rofes, one- Ounce; " Lucatellus Balfam, half an Ounce; Sper- " maceti, rubbed in a Mortar, and Sal Pru- " nella, each two Drachms; Syrup of Corn " Poppies, fuflicient to tnake it into a Ball, " to be rolled in Liquorice Powder or Wheat " Flower." Trhefe Balls may be given one every Morn- ing for a Week, and if they be found to do Service, may be continued during Pleafure, until the Horfe recovers his ufual V igour, and begins to gather Strength. A Quart of the Pedtoral Infufion recommended for Colds, may alfo be adminifter'd after each Ball, made warm, diffolving in it an Ounce of Gum Arabic, or Gum Tragacanth; but if the Horfe fcowers, or runs at his Nofe, fo as to in- duce Weaknefs, the following Infufion is to be rcfd, " Take Of an Atrophy. 107 "4 Take Ground-Ivy and Horehound, of A Drink for " each an Handful; -red Rofe-Leaves, half an confullmptive Handful; frefh Linfeed, Liquorice Root Colds. fliced, or Juice of Liquorice, of each half an Ounce; Saffron, one Drachm; Gum Tragacanth, one Ounce; infufe in a Quart of boiling Water, letting the Infufion ftand ' covered till cold." This muff be made milk-warm, and given Dircefiong. along with the Ball every Morning, faffing two Hours before and two Hours after, allow- ing him not above a Quarter of fcalded Bran, His Oats fhould be the hardeft and fweeteft that can be got, and his Feeds alfo fmall; his Hay ihould be the fineRt, and the Duff well fhook out of it, and given in fmall Portions, that he may digeft it eafily: But nothing con- tributes more to the Cure of a Confumption than Air and moderate Exercife. The Spring Air and ma- Grafs is alib good for fuch Horfes, and houfing dcerate Exerda them at Night, when the Weather is cold. cife good. An Atrophy is another kind of Confumption, of an Atro- where a Horfe has little or no Cough, no Run- phy. ning at the Nofe, nor Symptoms of a he6lic The Signs. Fever; yet continually waftes in his Flefh, and grows at laft very much Hide-bound. This is a dangerous Malady, and for the moft part proceeds from a Surfeit, hard Ufage, great Ob- ftrudfions in the Glands of the Mefentery, and other lymphatic-Glands; therefore nothing can 'lrefe a Cure in this Cafe, but what is of fuf- ficient Efficacy to force through the Obftruc- tions of the Glands; this muff be done in the Beginning. In order to wlhich, you may give him two The Curc, Drachms of Calomel in any of the Pedtoral Balls in the Morning, before Meat and Wa- ter, letting him faft two or three Hours after it. His Food muff be fcalded Bran, and the fweetclt Hay. While he is under this Courfe, he 108 PAdc prr POw- cie rs tor con- f, rmptive hiorfes. D/eafes of the Stomach. he muff have no cold Water, nor fuffered to be wet. The Day after this Dofe of Calomel let him have a mild Purge, for a Horfe in this State will not bear a lrong one. " Take the fineff Succotrine Aloes, ten Drachms; frefh Jalap in Powder, and Saf- " froil, each one Drachm; grated Ginger, one " Drachm; Salt of Tartar, half a Drachm; Syrup of Buckthorn, what is fufficient to " make it into a Ball." The Mercurial Ball and Purge may be re- peated three times, allowing a Week between each. " Take Native Cinnabar, or Cinnabar of An- timony, one Pound; Gum Guaiacum, the " fame Quantity; make them into a fine Pow- " der, and mix them well together; give the " Horfe an Ounce twice a Day, wetting his Feeds, and ifrewing the Powder amongft " it." This is to be done in the Intervals between the Purges, and continued afterwards till he be- gins to gather Strength, then Air and gentle Ex. ercife muff perfeal the Cure. C H A P. VI. S E C T. I. Of the Difeafes of the Stomach. Difeafes of N D firft of thofe that are more peculiar theStomiack, to the Stomach itfelf, without the Parti-. what. cipation of any other concomitant Diftemper, which may be reduced to two, viz. the want of Appetite, and a voracious Appetite. A ,S r Difeafes of the Stomach. 1 09 A Horfe cannot be reckoned a poor FeederLittle Eaters from the Meafure of his Food, for we fe fome not to be _ _ feserned bad Horfes that are fmall Eaters, and yet go thro' Feederb. a great deal of Fatigue and Exercife, without much Diminution of their Flefh, or any great Alteration in their Appetite. Thefe are not to be efteemed poor Feeders, but little Eaters, and any Attempt to make them feed better, would perhaps do them more Harmn than Good. When a Horfe feeds poorly, and does not The ufual gather much Flefh; when his Dung is habi-Caufes of tually Loft, and of a pale Colour, it is an evi- the waet of dent Sigrn of a relaxed Conflitution, and may Appetite. be caufed by fome previous ill Management, fuch as too much fcalded Bran, too much hot Meat of any kind, which relaxes the Tone of the Stomach and Guts, and in the end produces a weak Digefihon, and the Lofs of Appetite. Some of thefe kind of Horfes are of little ufe till they are very near full-aged, but after this turn out good ferviceable Horfes. The beft Method to harden and recover fuch The Cure Horfes, is to give them much gentle Exercife in the open Air, efpecially in dry Wea- ther; never to load their Stomachs, with large Feeds; and keep them as much as poffible to a dry Diet; indulging them now and then with a Handful of Beans among their Oats; but if the Cafe be fo, that the Horfe grows weak, be- gin with fome few laxative Purges. " Take Succotrine Aloes, fix Drachms; A proper Rhubarb, in fine Powder, two Drachms; Purge tor a Saffron, dried and powdered, one Drachm Horfe that " make it into a ififf Ball, with a fufficient e o Quantity of Syrup of Rofes; add to it two " Drachms of the Elixir Propreitatis, prepared with the Oil of Sulphur by the Bell." This 110 Of a vorarious Appeuit. This Purge will work very gently, and bring the Horfe to a better Appetite; it may be re- peated once a Week, or ten Days, and after the Operation of each Purge. A flrength- " Take a large Handful of the Rafpings or ening Drink " Shavings of Guaiacum, Pomegranate Bark, of a lax andCs and Balauffines bruited, of each an Ounce; weak Habit.", Galangals, and Liquorice Root fliced, of " each half an Ounce; let thefe be boiled in " two Quarts of Smiths Forge-water to three " Pints, and while it is warm, infufe in the Dcco&tion two Drachms of Saffron, and " half an Ounce of Diafcordium." Further In- Let this be divided into two Drinks, and give 11ruffions. one after the Purge has done working, and the other after two Days Intermiflion. In cold Weather the Drinks (hould be warmed before they are adminifter'd, and fo alfo after the laft Purge, and repeated as often as may be necef- fary, continuing to give the Horfe conftant Vol. 1l. P. Exercife in the open free Air; and this will be 9 the likelieft Method to ftrengthen fuch Horfes as are- of a weak and relaxed Confitution. SECT. II. Of a 'voracious Appetite, and of foul Feeders. A voracicus TF voracious or foul Feeding, be not altoge, Appetite in j ther to be counted a Difeafe, yet it is the a Horfe de- Caufe of various Maladies, and is often the Effed of fome latent Diftemper, as Vermin, which have a quite different Effigy on fome Horfes, to what they have on others; for as Horfes of a lax Habit of Body often lofe their Appetites Of a 'voracious Appetite. I f I Appetites by Worms, and are frequently grip'd and fickly in their Bowels ;, fo Horfes of ftrong riged Conflitutions, that can bear the Irritation thofe Animals make in their Inteffines, are of- ten voracious in their Appetites, and are con- tinually craving after Food. Foul Feeders differ in fome things from thofe Foul Feeders that have voracious Appetites; for as thefe differ In fome crave only after their common Food, and can from thofe hardly ever be fatisfied; thofe, on the otherHorfes that hand, viz. foul Feeders, will leave their Hay have vora- to eat their Litter, and feem to like it the bet- tites. Appe- ter when it is well fauced with their own Dung and Urine; and therefore they may be proper- ly faid to have a vitiated or depraved Appetite; tho' this does not always proceed from a vora- cious Appetite, yet the firft is often producIive of the latter, and probably may be occafioned by enlarging the Capacity of the Stomach and Inteffines to fuch a degree, that nothing will fa- tisfy their Cravings but what has Weight and Solidity; for the fame kind of Horfes will eat Mold and wet Clay, or any fort of foul natty Weeds out of the Ditches; and in the Stable will eat ffinking mufty Hay, which the gene- rality of Horfes will refufe. There are others of depraved Appetites that are neither foul nor voracious Feeders, fuch as we often obferve eat dry Loam, or Mud outof the Walls, which denotes fome vitiated Juices in their Stomach; and this alfo is frequently owing to Vermin, or at leaft to a bad Digef- tion, tho' perhaps not to any imbecility in their Conifitutions; for tho' thefe Horfes have a Longing after thofe extraneous things, yet their Appetites, at the fame time, feldom fail; but as this is often owing to full Feeding, with the want of fuflicient Exercife, fo we often fee them recover, and quite lofe that vi- diated I 112 Of a voracious App eAei tiated Taftc when they come to ride a jour- ney, or go upon any other confrant Exercife. Tbe Cure. The befl Method in all thefe Cafes, of a vi- tiated or depraved Appetite, is to begin with Purging, to diffolve Chalk in their Water, and afterwards give them good Exercife; and the fame Method may be followed with thofe -who feed voracioufly. To thefe the following Draught may alfo be given to blunt their Ap- petites. " Take a large Handful of the Roots of " Marfh-mallows; Cummin Seeds and Fenu- greek Seeds, of each an Ounce; Liquorice " Roots, fliced, half an Ounce; boil them in " three Pints of Water till the Roots are foft " and flimy; then pour off the Decoffion, " and diffolve in it an Ounce of Gum Arabic, " and add four Ounces of Linfeed Oil." Let the Horfe have four Hornfuls of this every Morning fafting, till his Appetite abates. If the Horfe be lean, which many times vora- cious Feeders are, he will gather more Flefh under this Management, and as his Flefh in- creafes his Appetite will abate. FoulFeeders, As to foul Feeders, many of thefe begin with how they are Voracioufnefs, and when they come to be to be ma. ftinted, fall on eating their Litter to fill their naged. Stomachs, and in time take a great Liking to it: And it is obfervable, that many of the Horfes that go broken-winded, have this evil Faculty, and therefore every one who has a foul feeding Horfe, Ihould keep his Stall as clean as poffible, to let no wet dirty Litter lie under him, nor to put his Litter under the Manger, but to beflow it on fome other Horfe, otherwise they will paw it out, and feed upon it greedily; but clean Straw, that has not been foaked with Horfe-pifs and Filth, will never hurt Of the Cholic and Gripes. 113 hurt any Horfe; for tho' there is no harm in the Urine, yet when the Straw has been foaked in it with the Dung, it often turns into a Wad, or like a Spunge in their Bowels, and caufes great Diforders. But when their wet Litter is taken away every Morning, it may be a Means to make them leave off that ill Habit. C H A P. V'II. Of the Difafes of the Lower Belly. S E C T. I. Of the Cholic and Gripes. 'r' HERE is fcarce any Diflemper moreCrip-biters ufual among Horfes than the Gripes, and I0f fubje& fome Horfes are more fubjed& to thefe Diforders to the Gripes. than others, particularly thofe addided to Crib- See Vol. 1. biting, who by fucking in the Air, often fill 9' their Stomach and Guts to fuch a degree with Wind and Vapour, that they fwell prodigioufly, and look as if they were ready to burif, till fome Means are ufed to give them vent. The Signs in Crib-biters, of the Cholic, being The Signs of in common with other Cholic-pains, fuch as the Gripes. often lying down, and rifing fuddenly with a Spring, occafioned by the Violence of the Pain; a Horfe in this Condition rolls about and tumbles, and often turns upon his Back; this Symptom generally proceeds from a Strangury or Stop- page of the Urine, which almoft always attends this fort of Cholic, which Stoppage is very often iacreafed, thro' a Fullnefs of Dung in the ftrait Ii Guit; 114 Of the Cholic and Gripes. Gut; for Horfes often find fudden Relief, from raking the Dung out by the Hand; fo by removing the Preffure on the Neck of the Bladder, a Vent is given to the Urine, which while it is detained, caufes exquifite Pain, ex- cites Convulfions, and violent Sweats, which are ufually Succeeded with cold Damps, and fometimes prove dangerous; thefe Signs are common in the Gripes, and in all Cholics to which Horfes are any way fubjeft. The Curt. When a Horfe is feized with the Gripes, the firft Intention is generally to prick him in the Mouth with a Fleam or Horn; afterwards let the ftrait Gut be examined, and if there is any Quantity of Dung let him be raked, and if the Gripes is fuppofed to proceed from Crib-biting, give him the following Ball. " Take Strafburg or common Turpentine, and Juniper-Berries pounded, of each half an Ounce; Sal Prunellx, an Ounce; Sper- " maceti, two Drachms; Chymical Oil of " Juniper, one Drachm; Salt of Tartar, or Salt of Wormwood, two Drachms; make it into a "' Ball, with a fufficient Quantity of Syrup of Marlh-mallows; to be given immediately." If the Horfe does not ftale plentifully, and break wind backwards, he will not be eafy; and therefore another Ball is to be repeated about two Hours after the firft; and if he rowl and tumble, and appears to be full of Pain, add to it a Scruple of Salt of Amber, and -repeat it again in about two Hours more, and the Horfe will void both Dung and Urine, and by that means get clear of his Diforder. The Method Thefe Balls may either be thruft down whole, to manage or diffolved in a Pint of warm Ale: They warm 1-orfes in the and comfort the Stomach and Bowels, and at Gripes. the fame time relax and cool the Urinary Paf- fages, Of the Cholic and Cripes. 115 fages, which is a very great Benefit in all fuch Cafes, wherein they are fo very efficacious that very often one Dofe makes a perfed Cure. Afterwards give them fcalded Bran, and warm Gruel, with the beft Hay that can be pick'd, when the Pain is removed, and not ride during the Fit, more than a gentle Trot or Walk; but to have a Place well litter'd with frefh Straw, where there is fufficient Room for them to rowl and tumble; they ought alfo to have one or two Perfons to look after them while they are in Pain, to prevent their hurting themselves, which they are apt to do, The firft Sign of a The Signs of Horfe's Recovery, is when he lies quiet with- their Reco- out ftarting or tumbling, gathers up his Legs, ry' and ceafes to lafh out, especially if he con- tinues an Hour in that quiet Pofture, we may conclude all the Danger is over. A moift Cholic is fometimes dangerous; but if a Diarrhcea or a continuedLPurging follows, it is ufually call'd the moift Gripes, and the Horfe for the mofl part does well, becaufe then Nature calls off what is offenfive to her, and may be greatly relieved by the following Ball. " Take Diapente, one Ounce; Myrrh in The Cure of 4' Powder, two Drachms; Diafcordium, halfan inveterate an Ounce; made into a Ball, with two Cholic. Drachms of unredified Oil of Amber, Se 107 I. roll'd in Liquorice Powder." Let this be given as foon as poffible, and Purging after repeated about four Hours afterwards; and it Cholics ufa- will be proper to give him two or three mildful. Purges, to prevent Relapfes. To a Horfe of Value, the following Method may be fol- lowed. " Take Rhubarb in Powder, half an Ounce ; A Ball for " Diapente, one Ounce ; Salt of Tartar, the Cholic two Drachms; grated Ginger, and Oil of and Gripes. i Juniper, of each one Drachmn; make it 1 2. " into: Of the Cholic and Gripes. into a Ball with a fufficient Quantity of Oil " of Amber." Let this be repeated once in two Days, and every Morning and Night, three or four Horn- fuls of the following D ecolion. " Take Jefuits Bark in grofs Powder, three Ounces; boil it in Water wherein hot Iron c has been quenched, or in clear Forge-water, " fi-om half a Gallon to a Quart, adding to it " a Pint of Red Wine. When the firlt De- co6hion has been all ufed, the Bark may be " boiled a fecond Time, to draw out the re- mainder of its Virtue, and given as before. " A Quart of the fame Decodtion may be " made ufe of for a Clyfter, if the Horfe con- tinuts in Pain, viz. " Diffolve in the above Decodion two " Ounces of Turpentine; the Yolks of two " New-laid Eggs, adding a Pint of Red Wine, and an Ounce of Diafcordium diffolved in " the warm Decodion." The dry Gripes in what man- ner to be managed. Sometimes Cholics arife from Cofivenfes, or from drinking cold Water when Horfes are hot, which fometimes proves dangerous for the firff of thefe Cafes, viz. when the Gripes proceeds from Coftivenefs, which may be known by the black- nefs and hardnefs of his Dung, the frequent and quick Motions of his Tail, and the high Colour of his Urine, Fullnets, Dulnefs, Liftleflhefs, and other Signs; this may be eafily remedied by cmollient Clyfters, and mild Purgatives. The Gripes that arife from drinking cold Water when a Horfe is hot, feldom needs any other Remedy than one or two cordial Balls, made fomewhat diuretic, and keeping the Horfe in confitant Motion for fome time after Of Woorms. 117 after they are given; one of the propereft Me- dicines for the Purpofe is this: "I Take the Seeds of Anife, Cummin, and A cordial Fennel, of each half an Ounce; Caftor, Ball for the " and Camphire, of each one Drachm; Pet- Gripes. litory of Spain, and Saffron, of each half a " Drachm; make it into a BaIl with Syrup of Marfh-mallows, adding forty or fifty Drops " of Oil of Juniper or Oil of Anifeeds." But if other Symptoms fhould arife befides Gripes, which are fometimes caufed by ill Management, fuch as Heat, panting drynefs of the Mouth, and feveral other Attendants of a Fever, then Recourfe mull be had to plentiful Bleeding, and other Evacuations, with Pedorals and Balfamics, fuch as have been diredled al- ready in Pleurifies and Peripneumonies. S E C T. II. Of Worms. HE moft ufual Caufe of Worms, is foul The caue of or high Feeding, which breeds Crudities Worms in and flimy, undigeiled Matter, in the Stomach Horfes. and Bowels, forming a proper Nidus to bring the Eggs to Maturity. The Signs of Worms in Horfes are various, The Signs. according to their different Kinds. The Botts Botts are that many young Horfes are troubled with in the common in beginning of Summer, are always feen to ftick May and in the ftrait Gut, and are often thruft out with June, efpe- the Dung, along with a yellowifh-coloured cially in A-1atter, like melted Sulphur, they are no ways Horfes. dangerous there, but are apt to make a Horfe refliefs and uneafy, ..iJ rub his Breech againft 13 the IS I 8Of Worms. the Polls; thofe that take their Lodgment in the Stomr.ch, are extream dangerous in caufing Convulfions; frequently Horfes void one or two, and no more; fometimes a Horfe will void pretty large Quantities of the young Brood, not much larger than the Afcarides, only of a Signs of red Colour, and not white as the other. The fmail worms Afcarides or fmall Worms, are very troubleforne See Vol. II.' to Horfes, and breed at all Times of the Year, p. I and often when one Breed is deftroyed another fucceeds. Thefe are not mortal; but when a Horfe is peftered with this fort of Vermin, thoe he may go through his B1ufinefs tolerably well, and fometimes feed heartily, yet he always looks lean and jaded, his Hair ftares as if he was furfeited; nothing he eats makes him thrive; he often firikes his Hind-feet againr his Belly, which fhews where his Grievance lies, and is Sometimes griped, but without the violent Symptoms of the- Cholic and Strngury-; bt the fureft Sign is, when they void them with their Dung. 'The Cure of If a Horfe is troubled with Botts, he may Botts in the be relieved without much Expence or Trouble, Arait Gut. only by giving him a Spoonful of Savin cut very fmall, once or twice every Day, in Oats or Bran moiftened; and if three or four Cloves of chopped Garlic be mixed with the Savin, it will do better. And-moreover, Horfes that are troubled with the Botts, ought afterwards to be purged with Aloetic Purges, before the Weather grows too holi, and if they be kept to a clean Diet after their Purges, it will be a great Chance if they are troubled with them any more. Of Earth. The Earth-worms are beft conquered by worms. Aloetic Purges, for they often- come away in Purging; till then, it has not been known that the Horfe was troubled with them; and it has been Of AWorms. 119 been obferved after thefe have been voided, the Horfe has throve better, grown much more lively, more aaive, and attentive to his Bufi- nefs. There can fcarce be a better Purge to deifroy Vermin than the following. " Take fine Succotrine Aloes, ten Drachms; A proper frefh jalap in Powder, one Drachm; Ari- Purge to de- firoy Ver- ftolochia longa, or rotunda, viz. long or min. " round Birthwort, and of the cleareft Myrrh, c both in fine Powder, of each two Drachms; " make it into a ffiff Pafte, with a fufficient Quantity of Syrup of Buckthorn, if the Horfe be fProng and a good Feeder; if not, " with Syrup of Rofes, and add to it reaify'd Oil of Anmber, and Oil of Savin, of each " one Drachm; roll it into a Ball with Liquo- " rice Powder or Flour." For ftrong Horfes of fmall Value, the fol- lowing is a cheap Purge, and wvell corre6ted. " Take Barbadoes or Plantation Aloes, one Another for Ounce; Salt of Tartar, two Drachms ; Horfes of ss frefh Ginger grated, one Drachm and a half; (mall Vlu 's Oil of Amber, a middling Spoonful." The f/arides or fmall Worms Sometimes come away in great Numbers with a Purge. Thefe Worms feem to have their Lodgment about the beginning of the fmall Guts near the Stomach, among the concoted Aliment or Chyle, both from their Colour, and the Symp- toms of the Gripes, and fudden fits of Sicknefs thefe Horfes are often feized with, which fome- times makes them abruptly leave off their Food for a few Minutes, and fall greedily to it again, as foon as the fick Fit is over. The Vermin in The Afcari- the firait Gut feldom alters a Horfe's Looks; but des or fmall there not only make a Horfe grow lean, and look hreym affebo furfeited, but in oP)cijiig his Mouth, one may per- Horfe. 1 4 ceive 120 Of Worms. ceive a more than ordinary languid Whitenefs, and a fickly Smell, from the want of thofe due Supplies of Blood and Nourifhment, which adds a Iivelinefs to the Colour that is always per- ceivable in the Mouths of found, vio-orous Horfes; fo that whatever be the primary Caufe, there Worms feem in a great meafure to pro- ceed from a vitiated Appetite, and a weak Di- geftion, which renders them the more difficult to be removed; for which Purpofe recourfe muft be firft had to Mercurials, and after thefe fuch things as are proper to Strengthen the Sto- mach and promote Digeftion, and give a better Tone to the Solids. The Cure of Fherefore to a Horfe that is fubjed to thefe te Alflcardthesfmall White or Azure-coloured WVorms, the kinds of following- Method is to be obferved. wormysMt- o Take of Calornel that has been often ter, in the o fulblimed and well prepared, two Drachms; Borwels ot D Diapente, half an Ounce; make it into a Hourfes. 4" Ball, with a fufficient Quantity of Conferve cc of Wormwood, or of Rue; let the Horfe " be kept from Meat and Drink four Hours c before, and four Hours after." Dire6tiong The next Morning adminifter one of the for adm,,iti- Purges above described, taking great Care to cfrial Medi- keep the Horfe from Wet, or from any thing cines. that will expofe him to catch Cold; his Purge See Vol. 11. may be work'd off in the Stable with warm P. 12I. Water, which is much the fafeft Way when Mercurials are given. The Calomel Ball and the Purge may be repeated in fix or eight Days, and again in fix or eight Days more, or the follow- ing mercurial Purge may be given, which will be lefs troublefome, and no lefs efficacious. A rnrcurial " Take crude Quickfilver, two Drachms; Purge. "c Venice Turpentine, half an Ounce; rub " the Q.uickfilver with the Turpentine in a " Mortar Of Worms. 121 " Mortar till no gliftering appears; then add " an Ounce of Succotrine Aloes in Powder, and a Drachm of grated Ginger; make it up into a Ball, with a fuficient Quantity of Syrup of Buckthorn, and about thirty or forty Drops of the chiinical Oil of Savin." Let one of thefe mercurial Purges be given once in fix or eight Days, as above, observing all the fame Precautions; it will work mildly, and with little or no Griping and Sicknefs. Another mercurial Purge proper to deifroy Worms, and wormy Matter. " Take Diagrydium, Cerufs of Antimony Another " and Calomel, of each two Drachms; Succo- Prn ial trine Aloes, fix Drachms; grated Ginger, one Drachm; make it into a Ball, with a fufficient "Quantity of Syrup of Rofes; and thirty or cc forty Drops of Oil of Savin, Oil of Cloves, or i' Oil of Anifeed. To be given as the other." When a Horfe has gone through a Courfe of thefe mercurial Purges, let the following Di-ink be given two or three Times a Week, till the Horfe begins to thrive and look healthful. " Take Rue, Camomile-flowers, and Hore- " hound, of each a Handful; Galangals bruifcd " in a Mortar, three Drachms; Liquorice- " root fliced, two Drachms; boil it in a Quart " or three Pints of Forge-water five or fix Minutes, in a covered Veffel, and keep it " covered till cold; then ftrain it through a " Piece of coarfe Canvas; and give it in the Morning oh an empty Stomach." S E C T. 122 Of Lax and &Sourizng, &c. S E C T. Ill. Of a Lax and Scauring, &c. TheCaufeof' Ht E Caufes of Loofenefs and Scouring Scouring in 1 in Horfes are various, fometimes from florfeS.. Colds; or whatever fuddenly fops Perfpiration still caufe an inward Redundancy, and go off in Purging. Sometimes Scourings proceed from exceflive Feeding, or from unwholefome Food; and Purging proceeds fometimes from exceffive Riding, or other violent Exercife; and this is often attended with a Difcharge of Slime and other greafy Matter, efpecially in fat Horfes that have been high fed, and have not been pre- vioufly hardened with Exercife, &Ac. The Dj:Wg- When a Purging comes with a Cold, it is fel- ..,ic ,ew. dom dangerous, unlefs it be too fuddenly ftopt; Ing whoen when it is the Effedt of exceflive Feeding, it al- Symptoms are danc- ways does good; as alfo the Purging that comes roux tis fa- u pon ifrong Exercife, with a flight Fever, which 'voIlbeD lornetimes happens to Horfes that have been foul, and unprepared for it; for this often pre- vents Fevers and inward Inflammations, which otherwife might happen; when a Scounng pro- ceeds from Worms, it ceafes when the Worms are deftroyed; and when a Horfe fcours with eating any laxative thing, or drinking much Water, it is generally of fhort Continuance. The Cu c. When a plethoric Horfe, that is foul and full of Blood, falls a purging with a Cold or hard Riding, it fhould be encouraged in a mo- derate degree, with an open Diet, and Plenty of warm Gruel; if he voids any great Quan- tity of Slime and greafy Matter, which in fuch Cafes is not unufual, let the following Drench be giver, and repeated every other Day, till he has takeii three Draughts at leaft. " Take Of La ad Scouring, &c. 123 i' Take Lenitive Eleoeuary, and Cream of A cleanfing SC Tartar, of each four Ounces; yellow Ro- Drink for a fin, in fine Powder, one Ounce; powder Scouring. " the Rofin with the Cream of Tartar; mix " it with the Lenitive Ele&uary; and then " add four Ounces of Linfeed or Sweet Oil, incorporating the whole with a Pint of warm Ale or Water-gruel." This will bring away a great deal of Slime and Naftinefs; after which the Horfe will grow eafy, and feed heartily; and if -there be a Symptomatic Fever, it generally goes off with the Purging; but if, notwithifandng this, his Dung continues Rill to have a Mixture of Greafe, or if it is covered with a Skin or Pel- licle, it may be proper, as foon as he comes fully to his Stomach, to give him two or three mild Purges. The following alterative Ball has been at- A mild ate- tended with great Succefs in the Cure of thiS rative purg- Symptom, and is to be adminifter'd ,twice a ing Ball. Week, without any other thing befides fcalded Bran, and warm Water or Gruel. " Take Succotrine Aloes, in fine Powder, " half an Ounce, or fix Drachms - Diapente, an Ounce; make it into a Ball with Juice " of Spanifh Liquorice, difkolve it in Water or White-wine, and about a Spoonful of Oil " of Amber." To this may be added two Drachms of Myrrh; and, if it be necefflary to make it more cordial, a Drachm of Saffron, in Powder, may alfo be mixed with it. This Ball, by being feveral times repeated, will purify a Horfe's Blood from thofe Vifci- dities that come away with their Dung like Slime or Greafe. But r24 A Rhubarb Ball. Of Lax and Scouring, &c. But when the Purging begins with an acute Fcyer, -which requires a different Treatment, as it ought not to be indulged with 'things that are very laxative or loosening neither fhould it be fLopped, unlefs the Fever increases with the Purging; and then the properefi Re- medy is Rhubarb; for, at firft, no Reftringent ouglht to be ufed, which has not fomething of a purging Quality in it. In all IDiarrhoeas, nothing is fo proper as this D)r;ig, which is bell when given in the follow- ing manner. " Take Indian or Turkey Rhubarb, half an Ounce, made into fine Powder; Lenitive Eleduary, an Ounce and half; Saffron and Cinnamon, of each a Drachm, in Powder, " made into a Ball with Flour." Diafcordium The Night after the Operation, give half Draught, an Ounce of Diafcordium in a Pint -of red Wine; let the Wine be made warm, and dif- folve the Diafcordium in it. This Draught mnay be repeated every Day, and if the Horfe be of fmall Value, it may be diffolved in Wa- ter-gruel, or Mint or Sage-Tea. The Rhu- barb Ball may alfo be repeated once in two or three Days, if the Fever and Purging does Reftringents 1iOt abate: But if the Diftemper continues when to be Violent, if the Horfe's Flanks look full and t-id. diftended, if he appears to be much griped and in Pain, without an Appetite to feed, the followving Clyfter is to be given, and the Dofe of DiaIcordium in the abovementioned Draught oI ht to be enlarged to an Ounce. For a refiringent Clyfler. A rvf'rirent "f Tlakc Camomile Flowers, one Handful; Ciyt1er. " red Rofes, half an Handful; Pomegranate " Bark Of Lax and Scouring, &c. 125 " Bark and Balaultines, of each an Ounce; " boil them in two Quarts of Water to one " Quart; pour it off from the Ingredients, " and while it is warm diffolve in it two " Ounces of Diafcordium, and one Ounce of " Mithridate, and let it be injeted immediate- ly, and repeated once a Day, till the Fever and Purging abates." Thefe warm Cliffers, which are fmall in Quantity, that they may be the longer retained, greatly comfort a Horfe's Bowels, and foon give Eafe. Whatever this Diftemper proceeds from, na- tural Weaknefs, or any kind of Mifmanage- ment, if it continues obfinate, Strengtheners and Reifringents may be more or lefs needful according as the Symptoms may require. The moft likely Method to help young Horfes, is Aproperfict to be fomewhat curious as to their Diet; ne- for youg ver to fuffer them to drink their Belly-full of fcort. Water, but to give it often, and in fmall Quantities ; for a large Quantity of .any kind of Water, by its 'Weight, will inereafe their fcouring, where there is an habitual Difpofition to purge. Such Horfes may be allowed a few Beans, hard Peas, or Tares, when they travel; but at other times their Stomachs will not eafily digeft them. Their Food Ihould be fomewhat fparing, and given in fmall Portions, that they may never be cloy'd, but preferve their Appe- tites. Thefe Cautions are proper to be ob- ferved in dieting Horfes that have weak Sto- machs, with a Debility in their Bowels, and who throw out their Aliment indigefied. The following Balls will likewife be of great Service. " Take Pomearanate Bark, Balauffine Flow- Reftringent ers, and Rhubarb, of each an Ounce; Dia- firengthnin; pente, two Ounces; red Rofes dried, half Balls. " an Of Cef/ivenefs. " an Ounce; let thefe be made into a fne " Powder, and form'd into a Pafte, with a fuf- ficient Quantity of a Mucilage made of the " Seeds of Quinces." Give the Horfe the Bignefs of a Pullet's Egg at any time, when he has a more than ordinary Difpofition to purge, and that his Corn con- tinues to come away whole and indigefted in his Dung. A Remedy for Horfes of fmall Value. Arefiringent (I Take Mithridate and Diapente, of each Ball for " half an Ounce; Bole - Armoniac, two Horfes of fsnall value."c Drachms; make them into a Ball with Li- " quorice Powder. This to be given twice a " Week." If the Horfe requires it more binding, Ve- nice Treacle may be fubftituted inftead of the Mithridate. But if the Horfe grows weak with continued Purging, half an Ounce, or a whole Ounce of Diafcordium, in fome Cafes, may be added; efpecially if the Horfe mends in his Appetite upon the Ufe of thefe things. S E C T. IV. Of Coftivenefs. The ufual Caufes of Coffivenefs. Vol. Ii. p. 134. C Offivenefs proceeds Sometimes from violent I and hard Exercife, efpecially in hot Wea- ther; and from ftanding long at hard Meat, without Grafs or other cleanfing Diet, and having but little Air and Exercife, or when their Exercife is given irregularly. WVhen Coffivenefs proceeds from either of thefe Caufes, it is not hard to remedy, if taken in time. In the firif the Cure is eafy, only by giving him at!e 126 Of COJh ogvendf. 127 an open Diet for fome time; if any thing more be wanting, lenitive mild Purges are moft likely to fucceed. In the fecond, when Coftivenefs proceeds only from want of Air and proper Ex- ercife, and likewife for want of a cooling lax Diet, it is remedied with proper Lenitives. ( Take Glauber's Salts, four Ounces; Le- An Opening " nitive Eleauary, four Ounces; diffolve ther Draught for in warm Ale, or warm W'ater; this mayCoffienek. be repeated every other Day with fcalded Bran, till the Horfe's Body is thoroughly opened." Oily Clyflers, efpecially Linfeed Oil, are proper in this Cafe, which, with mild Purging, will probably finiffi the Cure. As to habitual Cofiveneefs, it is proper toOf habitual give finch Horfes an opening Diet; and be- Colliveimjs. fides, if it grow into an obftinate Coftivenefs fo as to produce ill Effeas, it will then be ne- ceffary to remove it in fome degree, adding to the opening Diet, a continued Ufe of Emol- lients; Purging likewife is quite nCf-ce1ry, and when the common Purges fall, the following will fucceed beyond Expedation. " Take Succotrine Aloes, fix Drachms; AmildPtiure "c Spermaceti, half an Ounce; Fenugreek- to cure CO- " Seeds, in fine Powder, two Ounces; make flivenefs. " them into two Balls with a fuflicient Quan- c tity of Honey, or common Treacle, and give "c them in the Morning fafting." Give the Horfe fcalded Barley, and the Li- Further E- quor of the Barley for his Drink, milk-warm; reaions. repeat it once in four Days, till he has taken fix Dofes; give him an Ounce of Fenugreek- Seeds once a Day, in one of his Maihes, and Linfeed fometimes in his dry and moift Feeds, till 128 Of the rellows and faundice. till the Horfe grows fmooth, and his Dung moift, and in good Order. S E C T. V. Of the rellows, and Jaundice. H ORSES are frequently fubjea to the Jaundice, and when discovered in time, may be cafily removed; tho' when it paffes on unobserved, as often happens, it induces very bad Symptoms, as -violent Fevers, Deliriums, Madnefs, and at laft convulfive Diforders. That which conftitutes the Yellows, or Jaun- dice, is, when too great a Proportion of bilious Matter is retained in the Blood. The Caufieof The Caufe is often the catching violent the Yellows, Colds, many of which are accompanied with orJaundice. Fevers of the bilious kind, full Feeding, and want of fufficient Exercife or Evacuations, at fome proper Seafon; Coftivenefs; violent Ex- ercife, caufing too great a Derivation of the Blood into the Liver; unwholefome Food; old Surfeits, inducing a bad Habit of Body. The Signs of The Signs of the Yellows in Horfes are, a the Yellows, a dufky Yellownefs of the Eyes, the Infide of or Jundice, the Mouth and Lips; the Tongue and Bars of in Horfes. the Roof of, the Mouth look alfo yellow. But How the here we are to difinguifh between the Yellow- Yellows are nefs of the Jaundice, and that Yellownefs of to be difin- the Mouth and Eyes which Sometimes happens guihed from an the Yellow- UpOnl the Crifis of an inflammatory Fever, nefs that ap- where the inflamed Parts turn yellow, when pears in the the Fever and Inflammnation is going off; when Dedlie. of a Fever. this happens after a Fever, the Horfe gene- rally comnes to his Appetite, and looks lively, and the Fever leaves him; this Yellownefs alfo ioon wears off: But in the Jaundice, the Yel- lownefs Of the rellows, and )aundice. 129 lownefs is one of the firif Symptoms, and ge- nerally appears in the Beginning of the Di- ftemper. The Horfe is dull, and refufes all manner of Food; the Dung is often hard, dry, and of a pale Yellow, or Green; the Urine is of a dark dirty brown Colour, and when it fettles looks red like Blood; he alfo ftales with fome Pain and Difficulty. The Jaundice in young Horfes is feldom dan- The Prog. gerous; and when it comes with high feeding noftic. and want of Exercife, it is more eafily removed than when it is brought on by hard Riding or other hard Labour. In the Cure of the Jaundice, the firft Inten- The Cure. tion is to bleed plentifully before the Diftemper is confirmed; for when the Liver happens to be inflamed from any Caufe, and attended with a Fever, proper Evacuations have been often found alone fuccefsful; but if the Diftemper be confirmed, it will be proper after Bleeding to give fome laxative Clyfters: For in the be- ginning of the Jaundice Horfes are apt to be coffive, which, with a few othe; flight Caufes, has brought on the Diftemper. In this Cafe the following Clyfter will do good Service. " Take Mallows, Marfh-mallows, Mer- An Emoi- " cury, and Pelitory, of each a Handful; Ca- lient Cloyfer momel Flowers, half a Handful; Sweet c the Jaun. " Fennel-Seeds, an Ounce; boil them in three vol. II. p Quarts of Water to two Quarts; pour off 140. " the DecoEtion, and while it is warm diffolve " in it four Ounces of Lenitive Eleduary; " then add a Pound of Linfeed-Oil; to be given as Coon as poffible, the Horfe being firft " well raked." At the fame time let the following Decoc- tion be made for his conftant Drenches. K ,-& Take 130 A Decofaion or Drenchc c for the Jaun cc dice. cc cc cc cc Of the Yellows, and faundice. " Take Madder-Root and Turmeric, of each two Ounces; the Roots of fharp- po'nted Dock, or Burdock, wipe it clean from the Mold and Sand, and cut it into thin Slices, of either of there two Handfuls; Rhaphonticum, or infread thereof Monks Rhubarb, grofly bruited, one Ounce, Li- quorice-Root fliced, half an Ounce; boil thefe Ingredients in a Gallon of Forge-wa- ter, to three Quarts; when this is done, pour it off from the Ingredients, and while it is warm diffolve in it two Ounces of Ca- lile-Sope, Venice or Joppa Sope will have the fame effe&t; Saffron, two Drachms. The Sope fhould be cut into very thin Slices; and the Saffron tied up in a Rag, and fqueezed into the Decodion." Give the Horfe three or four Spoonfuls three times a Day, and as foon as he begins to feed, twice a Day will be fufficient. But if the Horfe be delirious or unruly, which is often the Cafe of thofe that are full of Blood, the Bleeding muft be repeated, either from the Neck or Thigh-Veins; and the following Balls may al- fo be given, one with each Drench, viz. Balls for the Yellows and CC Jaundice.cc .Cs c sIaC 4Cc 9c. c " Take Diapente, two Ounces; Affafoeti- da and Cinnabar of Antimony, of each an Ounce; Caftor, half an Ounce; Saffron, carefully dried, two Drachms. Let the Cin- nabar, Saffron, and Caftor, be made into a fine Powder, feparately; then beat them up with the Afiafmtida, and a little Honey, in- to a ftiff Pafte, which is to be foftened with a ftfiicient Quantity of Oil of Amber, and made into fix Balls, rolled in Liquorice- Powder or Flour. After Of the relkws, and aundice. 13 1 After the Ufe of thefk, with the Drink, the HNoe generallygrows fettled and quiet, and begins to feed, fo that the Drinks need only be given twice a Day between his Mafhes. In three or four Days the Diftemper, for the moft part, abates, and then the Balls may be laid afide to avoid unneceffary Expence; but the Drink ihould be continued till the Yellownefs is quite gone, and the Horfe 'feeds pretty heartily, and drinks his white Water or Gruel. When "his Eyes look clear, and the Infide of The Signs his Mouth of a lively Colour, there will be of Reca no further need of Medicines; but if a De- verY. Buxton falls upon his Eyes, and lhuts them up with a Swelling of the Eyelids, which often happens when the Diftemper is near its Crifis, and going off, the Drinks muff be continued for a Fortnight or three Weeks at leaft, to pre- vent Blindnefs; for Horfes, after this Symp- tom, are very apt to go blind, unlefs they are well plied with Medicines that are both deter- five and balfamic; and therefore to avoid Ex- pence, and the Trouble of making Drinks, the following Balls may be given and continued, one every Day, for a Fortnight or three Weeks. " Take Turmeric in Powder, and Dia- Another Ball p nente, of each two Ounces; Cafile Sope for theYel- 9' Iowa and two Ounces; Cinnabar of Antimony, onejaundice. Ounce; Crocus Martis Aperiens, fix " Drachms; Saffiron in Powder, two Drachms; " make them into eight Balls with Honey, and give one every Morning." It may be neceffary to give the Horfe two or Mild Purges three mild Purges with Succotrine Aloes, as necefraryand foon as he has recovered his Appetite, and a Rowelling. moderate degree of Strength. Rowelling is al- fo proper in the Jaundice, efpecially for young K2 fat Of Ruptures and Burlennefs. fat Horfes, this Method feldom fails, except when the Liver or otherinternal Parts have been diftemper'd for Come confiderable time. S E C T. VI. Of Ruptures and Burftennefs. How they arc to be managed. Vol. II. p. 147. T H E moft ufual Ruptures proceed from Strains and Working, or from being flaked or gored by Bullocks, violent Kicks from other Horfes, or very high Leaps over Gates and Hedges. Some have been caufed by Rowells in the Belly; when they have been cut too deep, and perhaps afterwards negledled, they generally bunch out, about the Size of a Man's Fill, and are fulleft when the Horfe Ilands fill in the Stable, especially after Feed- ing and Watering; and in broken-winded Horfes they rife and fall with the Agitation of their Flanks. They are foft, and yield to the Preffure of the Hand, and, in moft of them, one may feel the Vacuity through which the Vifcera make their way immediately to the Skin. But as a Cure is difficult, the fafeft way in fuch Cafes is to feed moderately, and in fmall quantities, with fmall Draughts of Wa- ter, and to ufe fuch Horfes gently. In all beginning Ruptures, a Fomentation made of Oak Bark, in equal Parts, of the fharpeft Vinegar and Smiths Forge-water, will be the moft proper for a general Application, for in Horfes, Bandages and Truffes of any kind, arc difficult to be managed. C I1 A P. 132 Of Hurts, &c. in the Kidneys. 133 C H A P. VIII. Dfetafes of the Kidneys and Urinary Pajfag f s. H o 0 R S E S are often fubje& to Difeafes of Horfes rarefy their Kidneys; but the Stone is a Di- fibiea to thc a . S t one.Stn or flemper feldom to be met with in Horfes, nei- Gravel, ther can it be difcovered they are fubject to any thing like Sand or Gravel, even when the moft powerful balramic Diuretics were given. S E C T. I. Of Hurts and Strains of the Kidneys. H o R S E S receive Hurts in their Kidneys Horres 3 feveral ways; fometimes by drawing great dicafed 'let' Loads n heavy Grounds; fometimes by carry- Hurts in tdt ing too great Weight upon their Backs, efpe- Urinary Par- cially when it preffes upon their Loins, and fages. above all, when thefe Burdens are continued fo long upon them that they grow faint and The urual weak, for then they are moft apt to be injured; Way where- '7by they re- continued hard Riding, without giving a Horfe ceive fuch time to ftale, often hurts the Kidneys; going Injuries. into ftrong Exercife when a Horfe is fat and full of Blood, and otherwise unprepared for it: On the other hand, riding or hard-working Horfes, when they are poor and lean, or upon low Diet; or if this be not the Cafe, yet if they be worked or laboured till they be faint and weak, their Kiduicys, and foilietimes their K 3 other 134 Of Hurts, &c. in the Kidneys. other Vifcera, are alfo hurt and impaired. Some- times external Injuries on the Loins will affea the Kidneys; and laffly, Colds, and other Dif- eafes will affed the Kidneys, where there is a natural Weaknefs in thofe Parts. TheSigns of The Signs are, Weaknefs of the Back and Hurts in the Loins, Difficulty of Staling, Faintnefs, Lofs Kidneys. of Appetite, Deadnefs of the-Eyes, the Urine thick and foul, and fometimes bloody, efpe- cially after fome violent Hurt or Strain. A l-lorfe difeafed in his Kidneys can feldoom back, that is, move ftraight backward, with- out Pain, which is vifible as often as he is put to the Trial. The fame is no lefs obfervable in Horfes that have been wrung or wrenched in their Backs, only with this Difference, that in the latter Caie Horfes feldom fhew any great Dcfeat or Alteration in their Urine, otherwife than it will be higher-coloured than ordinary; neither do they lofe their Appetite or Flefh, unlefs- their Kidneys be alfo hurt, which fome- times happens. If the Diftemper continues for any confiderable time, the Horfe exhibits all the Sig ns of a Surfeit. Difeares of Diieafes of the Kidneys always prove dange- the Kidneysrous by long Continuance, efpecially if the eangercus. Horfe grows weak, and breaks out into Scabs and Blotches, for fitch Horfes generally turn confumptive or glandered. When a Fever at- tends a Difficulty of Staling, it is often a Sign the Kidneys are inflamed, and proves dange- rouS, unlefs fpeedily removed. The Danger is lbmetimes no lefs when the Urine is thick, ropy, and full of Slime or bloody Matter, efpe- cially when thefe Symptoms laft a confiderable time without Abatement, that the Horfe grows weak and feeble, and without a tolerable Ap- Signs that petite to his Food. It is always a promifing promife a Si orn when a Horfe that is difeafed in his Kidneys Recovery. ; re- Of Hurts, &c. in the Kidneys. 135 recovers his Appetite and Strength, and looks fprightly with his Eyes, notwithifanding there may be a Difcharge of turbid Urine, provided it comes away without much Pain and Strain- ing; but when a Horfe begins to frale freely; when the Dregs and Settlement abates; when his Urine looks clear, or of a yellowifh Colour, we may then -conclude him to be in a great meafure out of Danger. Young Horfes that are naturally weak in the A proper Reins, or have accidentally contracted weak- Diet for nefs in their Kidneys, ought to be carefully fed, hade thart and in a proper Mediocrity, neither too high Kidneys any nor too low, nor irregularly, by full feeding way affeted. at one time and ifarving at another: Their See Vol. II. Food fhould alfo be wholfome and good; they fhould never be over-loaded, by carrying heavy Burdens, or too great a Weight of any kind, on the Saddle, or otherwise; and if by thefe Cautions, or by any other proper Means, Horfes with thefe Defets, are preferved un- hurt, till they are feven or eight Years old, fome of them will turn out much better than Expedation. But if a Horfe has received any Hurt or In- jury in his Kidneys, by ill Ufage of any kind, efpecially from the Caufes above-mentioned, it will be proper to begin his Cure with bleeding plentifully, to prevent Inflammation; after this, a Rowell in the Belly will be of great Service, by making a Derivation from his Kidneys. Inwardly, the following Medicines will be of great Ufe, to clear away the Impurities by Urine, and to heal the difeafed Parts. " Take Irifh Slate in Powder, and Sperma- Balls to heal " ceti, of each an Ounce; Sal Prunellae, or the Kidneys. " Nitre, fix Drachms; make into two Balls, with a futffciernt Quantity of Barbadoes Tar " or JJiquWCC Powder. Or this; K 4 "Take X 36 Another for the famePur- cc pofe. c A coling and healing Deco& ion for the fame Purpole. A mild Parge. See Vol. p. 355. Of Hurts, &c. in the Kidneys. " Take Lucatellus Balfam, one Ounce; the Roots of Florentine Oris in Powder, and Powder of Liquorice, of each half an Ounce; Spermaceti, fix Drachms; Sal Prunellae half an Ounce; make it into two Balls,, with Syrup of Marfh-mallows." Let either of thefe be given vcery Morning, till the Horfe has taken fix or eight Dofes, with a Draught of the following Decoffion after each Dofe. " Take Roots of Marfh-mallows wiped " clcan from the Sand or Mould, but not wafhed, with the Roots of Parfley and Af- " paraglus, alfo wiped and cut into Slices, of each two Handfuls; Coltsfoot, and Hore- hound, of each a Handful; Liquorice Root lliced, anl Ounce; boiled in -fix Quarts of Barley-water to a Gallon; pour off the Decodion to fettle, then warm it again, and diffolve in it an Ounce of Gum Arabic, or Gum Tragacanth, and a Pound of Honey: A Pint or three half Pints for a Dofe." This may not only be given with the Balls, but at any other time at Pleafure; and if the Horfe recovers, there will be little need of any further ufe of Emollients and Balfainics; but the Horfe may have two o; three mild Purges given hin to conspleat the Cure : Such as this ; " Take Succotrine Aloes, an Ounce; " Myrrh, and Gum (Guiaiacum, of each half an Ounce; freth Jalap in Powder, one " Drachm; make it into a Ball, with fix " Drachms of Lucatellus Balfam, and about f fixty l) ops of unredify'd Oil of Amber." E E C T. Of Supprejion of Urine. 137 S E C T. It. Of a SupprefJion of Urine, from a Defe l in the Kidneys. HI S is caufed either by Inflammation in ThIe Caufes '717 the Kidneys, when the Swelling and of a SUP- prefflon of I)Iftention happens to be fo great as to fill up Urine. or prefs the Sides of the Pelvis; or when the Pelvis or Ureters are choaked up, or from any Numbnefs or other Defe& in the Kidneys, that may difable them in their Office of feparating the Urine from the Blood; in this Cafe the Bladder is fo, that the Horfe will make no Motions to ftale; his Body will fwell to a vern great Degree, and the urinous Part of the Blood will break in Blotches all over him, and without fpeedy Relief will prove fatal. The proper Method of Cure, is to begin Method ef with the ftrongeft Diuretics, and iimulatinigure Clyfters; and if there be a Sufpicion of Inflam- mation in either or both Kidneys or Ureters, bleeding plentifully at the Neck, at the Liver Veins, Kidncy Veins, or Thighs, to the amount of three Pints or two Quarts. In- wardly, let the following Balls be given, and repeated two or'three Times the firft Day, (for here muff no Time be loft) and as often the next; for if a Horfe does not ftale in thirty Hours, his Danger muft be great, and his Cafe defperate. " Take Juniper-Berries pounded, an Ounce; A diuretic Succotrine Aloes, and Sal Prunelle in Pow- Drank or " der, of each fix Drachms; re&ify'd Oil of flaiing BaL Turpentine, of that which comes firft off the Still, called the Etherial Oil of Tur- " pentine, half an-Ounce; unrelify'd Oil of " Amber, 138 Of Suppre./ion of Urine. a Amber, and the chymical Oil of Juniper, CC of each two Drachms: This being too large "' for one Ball, let it be divided into two, and " made up with Liquorice Powder." A Clyfter to be given at the fame Time. A Cyter for Let the Clyfter be made vith two Ounces the mp " of Barbadoes Aloes; two Ounces of Tur- Purpofe. " pentine, beat up with the Yolks of two " Eggs; half an Ounce of Jalap in Powder; " Nitre bruifed, four Ounces; Juniper-Berries and Bay-Berries, of each a Handful ; let there be infufed in two Quarts of a De- " coelion made of Mallows and Marfh-mal- lows, and add a Pint of Linfeed Oil." If thefe do not remove the Complaints, ufe the following Un6lion. " Take four Ounces of Oil of Turpen- An Un&ion. " tine, and two Ounces of Oil of Amber; see Vol. II cc and rub the Horfe's Reins with this Mixture, P. 15" - ' " and alfo lay the following Cataplafm over the " Small of his Back and Kidneys." " Take fix Heads of Garlic cut or bruifed; A 2-`7- " Flour of Muftard, one Pint; Camphire, 12!!.ing Ca- 6,olafm. " two Ounces; and as much Sope as will be " fufficient to bring it to a due Confiftance." This will penetrate very powerfully, and fihmulate the Kidneys in cafe they happen to be benumbed, by any Diforder in their nervous Part, and in cafe of Inflammation, will even adt as a Blifter, without the Danger of a Stran- gury, and in that refpet alfo do good Service. It muff be fpread on a coarfe Flannel-cloth How to 2p- doubled, and bound on with a warm Woollen- ply it. cloth, and renewed once in two Days, till the Horfe comes to ftale freely. S E C T. Of tbe Straxngury. 139 S E C T. III. Of tbe StaXgUry. Js V ER Y ftoppage of Urine is generally The Signs of called a Strangury, whether it proceedaStrangury. from the Kidneys or Bladder; thefe HorfesSee Vol. II. make frequent Motions to flale without Effe& t P i6I they fland wide and ftradling; are full, having their Flanks diftended; often lie down, and roll upon their Backs, having perhaps Pain in their Kidneys and Ureters, from their being de- prefed by the Detention of Urine; the Kidneys being at that time hindered and obftru6led in their ufual Secretions: And when the Bladder, Kidneys, or any of the urinary Paffages are in- flamed, a fymptomatic Fever generalfy attends, and fometimes convulfive Symptoms, from ex- tream Pain. In this Cafe, the Cure is to be entered upon The Cure. by Bleeding, then let the following Drench be given. "c Take Venice Turpentine, incorporated A Drench for a with the Yolk of an Egg, one Ounce; the Stran- ' Spermaceti half an Ounce; let thefe be uY" rubbed together, and mixed with fix Drachms " of Nitre, or Sal Prunella, in Powder; and cc half a Pint of Sweet Oil, with a little " white Wine." Let this be given without Delay; and if the Horfe does not get Relief in two Hours, it muff be repeated two or three Times, to re- move this Symptom. S E C T. Of flaling Blkod. S E C T. IV. Of flaling Blood. The Caufes, a. Signs. See Vol. IH. 8. 163. A Ball ra core Horfes when thei 11ic Blood. H ORSES are feldom fuTjje& to this Dir. order, unlefs when they have received fome Strain in their Kidneys, or when fome iS'lood-Veffel has been ruptured about the Neck of the Bladder, &c. but are for the moff part the Effe&s of very hard Labour, and other ill Ufage. In this Malady the Urine is bloody, and fornetimes clear Blood comes away ju after flaling; and therefore, in order to the Cure, if the Horfe be fat and lufty, it will be proper to bleed plentifully; but if he be low in Flelh, more fparingly; after which give the follow- ingy Ball. " rTake Conferve of red Rofes, and Luca- " tellus Balfam, of each fix Drachms; Sper- m maceti, half an Ounce; Sal Prunellk, and Irifh Slate, of each two Drachms; Syrup of Corn-Poppies, fufficient to make it into a " Ball." Tfhis generally cures any Horfe that ifales Blood, while the Diforder is new, and the Blood does not proceed from fome inward Ulcer; it may be repeated until the Symptom goes off, and the Horfe ifales freely, without the Appearance of Blood. S E C T. 140 Of a Diabetes, or profufe Staling. 141 S E C T. V. Of a Diabetes, or profufe Staling. IF a Horfe has a true Diabetes, lofes his Appetite and Strength; tales often, and in great QCuantities; if he has had a Surfeit, or any other lingering Sicknefs previous to the other, he ought to be treated with Reftringents, and with a proper Mixture of balfamic and ag- glutinant Medicines, to heal and ftrengthen the Kidneys; fuch as the following. " Take Conferve of red Rofes, two Oun- A Ball fr a cc ces; Lucatellus Balfam, one Ounce; Sper- Diabetes, o maceti, and Japan Earth or Bole in fine profufe " Powder, two Drachms; Diafcordium, halfSeeVoL U. an Ounce; make them into two Balls, with a P. :66. fufficient Quantity of Starch, and roll them in Liquorice Powder or Flour." Let one of thefe be given in the Morning, and the other between the Horfe's Feeds, in the Afternoon, and after each about four Horn- fuls of the following Decoffion. " Take Jefuits Bark bruited, four Ounces ; A Dr;nikf " the Roots of Biftort and Tormentil, of each a Diabetn. two Ounces; GuN Arabic, three Ounces; i4 red Rofes dried, one Ounce; boil in two " Gallons of Lime-water, to the Confump- tion of one Half; pour off the Decoffion, " and while it is warm diffolve in it an Ounce " of Diafcordium." Thefe things may be continued feveral Days ; Direfi and if the Horfe begins to recover his Appetite, how to =a- and his flaling abates, it will then be proper to niae. renew the fame Things, and repeat them for fome time: Thefe Ingredients may be boiled over 142 Of a Diabete:, or profufe Sialing. over again in the fame Quantity of Lime-water, adding frefh Rofes; for the Bark will require twice boiling before its Virtue can be drawn out. The Gum Arabic may alfo be renewed; and if the Horfe be of Value, a Pint of red Wine may be added to the Decofion, when it is cleared off. But to a Horfe of fmall Va- lue, a cheaper Draught may be made, as this, viz. A reftringent "4 Take Pomegranate Bark, four Ounces; Decoa ion for Balauflines, two Ounces; red Rofes, one Fofufe so Ounce; Biftort and Tormentil-roots, of Staling. " each three Ounces; boil it as the other, in Lime-water, give three or four Hornfuls " after each Ball." If the Diffemper be but of a thert ftanding, it may perhaps be fuliicient to allow him e-veryg Day two Quarts of Lime-water mixed with Bole or Chalk. How dieted. His Food fhould be dry and nourifhing; the cleaneft Oats, and fineft Hay that can be got, and there may be fprinkled with a Solufion of Gum Arabic, viz. about two Ounces, diffolved in about two Quarts of Lime-water warmed; Rafpings of white Bread may be boiled in all his Water, which is both very nourifhing and healing: Air and Exercife is good, but mull be very moderate till the Horfe recovers fome de- gree of Strength. C H A P. Of a dry Surfeit 143 C H A P. IX. Of Surfeits, and other Difeafes that afft5 the Blood and external Parts. A HORS E is faid to be furfeited when The Sur- )AE. his Coat ftares and looks rufty; when he fe6 of Horfes de- appears dirty, even tho' no Care or Pains has fcribed. been wanting to keep him clean. Surfeited Horfes often have their Skins fo full of Scales and Dander, that it lies thick and mealy among the Hair, and is conftantly fupplied with a frelh Succeffilon of the fame kind of grofs Matter, from the want of due Tranfpiration, and fo continues till the Surfeit is cured. Surfeits of all kinds are obfifnate, and hard to cure when they have been negleded, and fuffered to go on a long while without any At- tempt made to remove them; but when a Surfeit has been of fhort ftanding, and the Horfe in other Refpeds healthful, it is often cured without much difficulty. Thofe Surfeits are ftubborn and dangerous, where a Horfe looks with a rufty Coat, and at the fame time is Hide-bound, and foon tires, &c. for thefe Symptoms often betoken an inward Decay. But thofe Horfes that look well in Summer, and only look rough in cold Weather, with a downy Coat, ought not to be treated as furfeited Horfes. S E C T. I. Of a dry Surfeit. T N I S properly includes all thofe Maladies A dry Stur- that disfigure the Looks of a Horfe, either feitdcaibcd, thofe where there are no Eruptions on the Skin, or 144. The Cure. See Vol. II. P. 171. Of a dry Surfeit. or where the Eruptions are dry and without moiflure, but continued fixed upon the Skin. If a Horfe, notwithifanding thefe above- mentioned Symptoms, feeds, and does not abate in Strength, but goes through his Bufinefs well, he may be cured by the following Method. Firft, take about three Pints of Blood, after this let him have the following mild Purge, A Purge for " Take Succotrine Aloes, one Ounce; a dry urfeit ." Gum Guaiacum in Powder, half anOunce; " Diaphoretic Antimony, and Powder of r" Myrrh, of each two Drachms; make it into " a Ball with Syrup of Buckthorn, and roll it " in Liquorice Powder or Flour." Djretions. Cinnabar Powders for a dry Sur- feit. For Hor fes of fr(all V, . One of thefe may be adminiftered once a aXVeek, or once in ten Days. In the inter- mediate Days, or the Intervals between the Purges, two Ounces of the following Powders may be given every Day, one Ounce in the Morning, and the other in the Evening Feed. Take Cinnabar of Antimony, or Native " Cinnabar, made into very fine Powder, half " a Pound; Crude Antimony in fine Powder, c four Ounces; Gum Guaiacum alfo in Pow- " der, four Ounces; make thefe into fixteen Dofes, for eight Days." The fame Quantity may be made and re- peated till the Horfe comes to coat well, and all the Symptoms of the Surfeit difappear. If the Horne be of fmall Value, two or three Purges may be given of the milder Sort; and inftead of the Cinnabar Powders, Antimony and Sulphur may be mixed twice a Day in the fame Quantity; it will alfo be proper to quench hot Iron in his Water; for in moft dry Surfeits Horfes require thofe things that are proper to warm and invigorate the Blood ; if the little Scabs Of a wet Surfeit. 145 Scabs that lie in the Skin do not peel off, the following Ointment is to be made ufe of, viz. " Take Quickfilver, half an Ounce; rubAnOintment " it with two Drachms or half an Ounce of for a dry Turpentine, till the Quickfilver is intirely Surfeit. killed, and disappears; then add, by de- grees, a Pound of Hog's Lard, rubbed in a " Mortar with a Peffle till the whole is in- " corporated." This Ointment is to be applied where the How the Eruptions are fixed: It will be convenient toHorfeistobe keep the Horfe dry, and give him warm Waterordered. for a Week or ten Days, during the time of Undion, which may be once in three Days or oftener; if it dry in fall, this Ointment alone will cure thefe kind of Surfeits, with the help of Purging-Phyfic afterwards. S E C T. II. Of a wet Surfeit. A Wet Surfeit is a moiff running Scurvy, A wet Sur- and appears in different Parts of the feitdefcribed. Body of a Horfe, efpecially about the Neck, Rump, and Hips, Sometimes attended with great Heat and Inflammation; oftentimes the Neck fwells in one Night's time, in fome the Withers. and from thence will ifflue forth great Quan- tities of a hot, briny Humour; and if Care is not taken to allay it, it will be apt to make a Col- ledion on the Poll or Withers, and produce the Poll-evil or Fiftula. In fome Conftitutions of Horfes, it leaves a fort of Contagion, that fhews itfelf every Spring and Fall, with little or no Moifture, but a peeling off the Hair from the Neck, Face, and other Tarts of the Body, L but 146 Of a wet Surfeit. The tifutl but chiefly in the Spring, about the time of Method of' hedding their Winter Coats. But when this moit ,in- happens, it is generally the Effed of fome flamed Sur- Ncgledf or Mitmanagement, and often pro- feit, dange- ceeds from mercurial Phyfic ill prepared, or in- ro3us. judicioufly adminifter'd. Cohen a hot briny Humour breaks out in a Horfe's Neck and Withers, or any-where elfe, the Part commonly fwells, is hot and inflamed, and attended with a violent Itching. The common Methods of curing fuch things, are, for the moft part, hurtful, as our Praditifoners feldom do more than bleed, and then ufe Re- pellcrs, as vitriolic and aluminous Waters; but Purging, the only fafe way of curing thefe Eruptions, is proper in the by Bleeding and Purging, and the Ufe of Cure of Sur- Coolers inwardly, with a cool open Diet. For a Purge. A Purge fort a Take Succotrine Aloes, one Ounce; wet Surfeit. Cc Cream of Tartar and Sal Prunellk, of each " half an Ounce; frefh Jalap, in Powder, " one Drachm; make them into a Ball, with a fufficient Quantity of Syrup of Marfh- " mallows, and about forty Drops of Oil of " Amber." Give this Purge, after the Horfe's Body has been opened with fealded Bran. Thofe who choofe a purging Draugsht may give the follow- ing one, which, in mofi Cafes, is preferable to any other, efpecially where the Heat and In- flammation is great. A cooling " Take Lenitive Eleduary and Cream of purging " Tartar, of each four Ounces; of the Pul-. Draught for "s vis Sandus, half an Ounce; mix thefe in a a wetSurfeit. Quart of warm Gruel, and give it fafting in " the Morning." This Of a wet Surfeit. 147 This liquid Purge will work about twelve Hours after it is given, whereas the other fel- dom works in lefs than twenty-four Hours, ex- cept when a Horfe's Bowels are foul, in which Cafe any Purge. will Sometimes go off fooner. Either of thefe Purges may be repeated three times, or oftener if they work mildly. After the Purges, let the Horfe have there Powders, viz. Antimony and Sulphur, of each equal Parts, about a Spoonful a Day, in one of his Feeds; or, if the Horfe be of Value, Cin- nabar of Antimony and Gum Guaiacum in Powder may be adminifired in the fame man- ner, which will yet prove more efficacious, as thefe things are very friendly to the Blood, and particularly to Surfeited Horfes. The Horfes that become furfeited after ta- The Method king unwholesome Drugs or mercurial Phyfic, themCnumin require a great deal of Care in order to theirfurfeited Recovery, which ought to be gone about as Horfes after foon is poflible; otherwise all Endeavours may bad Medi- afterwards prove fruitlefs, when the Cure is negledted; or when improper Medicines are adminifter'd, the Sores and Blotches occafioned by the Poifon turn leprous; and Sometimes they will thicken and furrow the Skin, fo as to caufe great Deformity, with deep Chops, from whence iffue Blood or bloody Water: Yet Na- ture is Sometimes fo beneficent to fuch Horfes, where their Confhitutions happen to be good, that they often recover, with good Manage- ment, after all thofe untowardly Effeas. If the Horfe feeds well, if he fhews himfelf fprightly and vigorous, notwithftanding any outward Foulnefs and Deformity; if he does not flag in his Bufinefs, there is great Hopes of his Recovery, which may be attained by the following Method, if it is ftricIly obferved. And L 2 148 Of a wet Surfeit. In the Cure, And firfi of all, if the Horfe is in MAefh, BPeeging prd and otherwife in good Plight, bleed, and give per. him two or three mild Purges, fuch as have been already prefcribed, or the followixtg, which is more particularly adapted to a poi- foned Blood, and will work partly as a Purge, and partly as an Alterative. An altera- " Take the fineft Succotrine Aloes, ten tive Purge c; Drachms; Gum Guaiacum, half an Ounce; when poo- diaphoretic Antimony, and Cream of Tar- foned with " tar, of each two Drachms; make them in- bad Medi- " to a fliff Ball with a fufficient Quantity of " Syrup of Rofes, then add two Drachms of Oil of Amber, and roll it in Liquorice- " Powder." How to This Purge may be repeated two or three give it. times, once in five or fix Days, unlefs it fhould happen to purge violently, which Sometimes falls out when a Horfe's Bowels are foul ; in that Cafe a little more time is to be allowed. In the intermediate Days, viz., the Days be- tween the Purges, let the Horfe have a Draught of the following Decoffion. A Drink for "c Take Shavings or Rafpings of Guaiacum, the fame C" two Pounds; Turmeric, cut into Slices, or Purpofe. " bruifed in a Mortar, four Ounces; frefh Dock-Root, wiped clean, and cut into thin Slices, one large Handful; Camomile Flow- ' ers, half a Handful; Liquorice-Root, fliced, " four Ounces; crude Antimony, grofly pow- dered, and 'put into a Bag, one Pound; " let thefe be boiled for the fpace of half an Hour, or longer, in three Gallons of " Spring-water, and keep the Decoflion on " the Ingredients, in a clean earthen Pan, for " Ufe." T'he Of a wet Surfeit. 149 The Antimony fhould not be fuch as is ge- How to nerally fold in the Shops, viz. that fort which kAntwmtnye is melted down, and caf into a pyramidicalfrom bad. Form, and full of Drofs, the genuine being clear and ihining, of the Colour of polifhed Steel, and will anfwer the end more effeaually than the other. It is a very efficacious Medi- cine in all Cafes where the Foulnefs of the Skin is owing to bad or ill-prepared Medicines, efpecially of the mercurial kind, and may be given to any Horfe, almoft at Difcretion. In the above-mentioned Cafe, you are to when the give four Hornfuls in the Morning fafting, and Drink is to the fame Quantity about two Hours before he be given. has fupped, or at Night; it will fweeten the Juices, and render the Blood more foft and balfamic; but requires to be continued two or three Months in obitinate Cafes, allowing Sometimes a Week's Interval, that the Horfe may not be cloy'd with continual Drenching; and thefe Drinks will be no Hindrance to Ex- ercife or Bufinefs. When Horfes are fihy, and take Drinks with great Reluaancy, give them the following owders, which are always good in all Sur- Powders te feits. fweeten a Horfe's "Take of the beft Antimony made into fine Blood. " Powder, and Gum Guaiacum in Powder, of " each a Pound; mix them together in a large " Mortar, oiling the End of the Peffle to pre- cc vent the Gum from caking; then divide the " whole into thirty-two Dofes, viz. an Ounce " in each Dofe, and let one be given every Day F.r Horres in the Evening-Feed." of Value. If the Horfe be of Value, the Cinnabar of Antimony may be ufed inflead of the crude Antimony, as alfo Liver of Antimony made up in the fame mangner, and added to the Gum Guaiacum. L 3 If 150 Of hide-bound Horfes. A proper If the Horfe be ftrong, his Exercife. may be Dietmant fa- as ufual; but if he be a poor, Feeder, and apt furfeited to turn faint and dead-hearted, his Exercife. Harfes. muff be gentle and often, in the open Air; his Diet fhou]d be cool and open while there re-- mains any Foulnefs of the Skin, fuch as fcald- ed Bran, but efpecially fcalded Barley, ounce a Day. S E C T. Inl. Of hide-bound Hlorfes. 141de-bound A H 0 R S E is faid to be hi de-bound, when. 1-for fes de- fcribedl, Utah his Skin fRicks fo clofe to his Ribs, that the uluai it ceCmls imnmveable; but this is not to be ac- Caufes that 'cou nt-d anl original Difeafe, but only aSymptoin, produce that which may be caufe-d either by want of fufficient dlay. Food, or from harafling Horfes beyond their Strern th,without aliowing fifiicient time forReft arid neccfliry Refrefhment. Sometimes Horfes grow hIde-bound very fuddenly, fiom Fevers' and convulfive Diforders; and if that Symptom is not fuddcnly removed, the Diftempers that are the Caufe of it, generally prove mortal; but no thing is.fo common as to fee furfeited Horfes .aJfo hide-bound, and therefore in the Cure of all hide-bound Horfes, rega.rd muft-be had to th- orloinal Dlternper from whence it pro- ccf'd S. a .TM;r It is obfervable, that in Felvers arid convul- howud i-trie Diforders, where there is great Pain, ;dre to be nHorfes become hide-bound and ftrangely tucked treated. up in a few Hourly and that Symptom may be as fuddenly removed by 'Care, and proper Ap- plications ;- but when a -Horfe is full of Flefh, and has no vifible Appearance of Sicknefs, and appears attlhe fame time to be hlide-bound, it is often Of hide-bound Horfes. 1 5 I often the effe6t of fome long-continued inward Diforder, which ought to be examined into, whether it be in the Liver, Kidneys, or Lungs, but especially if it proceeds from Vermin in the Guts; for thofe who have had Experience may have often obferved this Symptom, when they have been carefully purged, and have thereby difcharged great Quantities of finall white Worms calledAfcarides: Therefore in all thefe Cafes, whatever ftrikes at the Caufe, effeetu- ally removes that Symptom; and tho' a Horfe feeds well, keeps his Flefh, and goes through his Bufinefs, and yet continues hide-bound, ne- verthelefs' he ought to be regarded, otherwife this ill Habit of Body will at length be able to produce fbmie untowardly Symptoms, which in the end may, prove fatal; in this Cafe Purging in the following manner is beft, viz. cc Give cve;- Night two Drachms of Calo- A Calomel mel, made into a Ball, with Conferve ofBal- " Rofes, and the next Morning the following " Purge, viz." " Take Succotrine Aloes, an Ounce, or ten A proper " Drachms, if the Horfie be ifrong; frefh Ja- Purge. " lap in fine Powder, two Drachms; Myrrh, " half an Ounce; make it into a Ball with "Syrup of Buckthorn, and add fixty Drops of "Oil of Savin." This Purge, and the mercurial Ball, may be repeated three times in three Weeks, and after- wards the Cinnabar or antimonial Powders, as above prescribed, which will be the likelieft way to recover any fuch Horfe from the Dan- gers which threaten him;. and if Worms be the Caufe, this Method will foon relieve him. L4 SECT. 152 Of Molten Greafe. S E C T. IV. Of Molten Greafe. T he Caufes. 1' H E true Symptoms of Molten Greafe i may be difcovered by the following Ob- fervations. And in the firft place, no Horfe can eafily have his Greafe melted, unlefs he be fomewhat overcharged with Fat; neither can a fat Horfe have his Greafe melted in any de- gree without Violence, efpecially by hard Riding, or Working in very hot Weather; for the Oilinefs we often obferve in the Dung of very fat Horfes, especially if a Ball of his Dung be thrown into cold Water, proceeds only from a Super-abundance of oily Particles in his Blood, which are more or lefs difcharged by all the groffer Secretions. The true lBut when a Horfe's Greafe is really melted, Sirgnsof a it is always accompanied with a Fever, with Moiten Heat, Reftlefnefs, ftarting Tremors or Trem- (ireatc. blings, great inward Sicknefs, Shortnefs of Breath, and Sometimes with the Symptoms of a Pleurify; his Dung will then be extremely greafy, and will fall into a Scouring, or a greafy Diarrhra; his Blood will have a thick Skin of Fat over it, when cold, of a yellowifh White. Thofe Horfes that furvive fuch a State commonly grow hide-bound for a time, and their Legs fwell both before and behind, and continue fo till the State of their Blood is al- tered and mended by proper Applications; and if this is not done effeaually, fome bad Diftem- per generally follows, which to prevent take the following Method. A eCure of Firft bleed plentifully to empty the Blood- ti 0 Molten Veffels; this ought to be repeated two or three 'eafc. Days fucceflively: And here plenty of Rowells are Of Molten Greafe. 153 are of great Ufe; one in the Breaft, one in the Belly, as foon as the Agitation and working of the Flanks begins to abate, and one on the Infide of each Thigh: As to Internals, Clyfters of Internals are of great Service, which ought to be rather of the Emollient kind than Purgative; rather to cool the Inteffines than to caufe Heat or Irrita- tion, and all the other Internals ought to be cleanfing, attenuating, and opening. For a Clyfter. " Take Mallows and Marfli-mallows, Of A ooling each a Handful; Camomile Flowers, half a emollient Handful; fweet Fennel-feeds and Cummin- Clyfler. " feeds bruifed, of each two Ounces; Bay " Berries bruifed, one Ounce; boil thefe in " two or three Quarts of Water, in a covered " Veflsel, and when it is of a proper Warmth, " frain off the Decoffion, and difflolve in it " fix Ounces of Lenitive Eletuary, and half " a Pint of Linfeed Oil." This fort of Clyfter is quite neceffary for mollient Horfes that have their Greafe melted; theyClyfters ab- will help to abate the Fever, and drain off from folutely ze- the Inteffines great Quantities of greafy Matter, ceffary. and by that Means affift the Operation of Things given by the Mouth, which Should be fuch as attenuate and thin the Blood, and at the fame time keep the Belly foluble and open for this Purpofe. " Take Rue and Scordium, of each a Hand. A Drink to '" ful; Bay Berries bruifed, and Camomiledilute and Flowers, of each an Ounce; Saffron, two thin the Flowers, Blood. Drachms; infufe it in a Quart of boiling " Water, clofe covered; and when the In- " fufion has ftood twelve Hours, pour it off, " and diflolve in it fix Ounces of Cream of Tartar, and add to the Whole, half a Pint " of I ,54 Of Molten Greafe. " of white WXine, and give it Milk-warm, at " any time of the Day, if the Horfe does not feed; but if he feeds, in the Morning " fafing." JHow to ma- This Drink may be repeated every other nage in thisD, Di item peri Day, aand the Clyfter every Day, till the Horfe See Vol. 1T. looks brifk and feeds; at the fame time let him p. iS9-- 19a. have PIcnty of warm XVater, or Water-gruel to drink, to dilate and thin his Blood, and pre- cilt Coat ulation ; for the Blood in all fuch C.zes ruins into Grumes, and endangers a total Stagnation. When the Fever is quite gone off, and the Horfe has recovered his Appetite, fo as o0 feed plentifully, it will be proper to finifh his Cure with mild gentle Purges of the Aloetic kind, efpecially if his Legs fwell, which is ufual in fiuch Cafes. A Puree for "c Take the fineft Succotrine Aloes, one a molten " Ounce; Diapente, fix Drachms; Saffiron, Greafe. carefully dried and powdered, one Drachm; nmake it into a ftiff Pafte, with Syrup of Bucktho.rn, adding a Spoonful of Oil of " Amber." NJrgliflg r-C_ ut.i.1IV -,a bring down the Swelling o the Limbs. One of thefe Purges to be given every Week, and continued for a Month or-fix Weeks, which Method will -bting down the Swelling of his Legs more offedually, than by giving ftrong Pur.rges, which often by their Violence and harfh Operation, bringr down the Conftitution of the Itrollogefr Horfeo, and render them liable to Jrjbmy Infirmities and Diforders. S E C T. Of the Mange. 7 55 S E C T. V. Of the Mange. tT IE Mange at firif is feldom feated deeper than the Surface of the Skin, and may eafily be cured, before it is of Continuance, long enough to vitiate and pollute the Blood: It generally comes by Infection from other Horfes, and is fo very catching, that a Florfe TheDefcrip_ will fearce efcape, if he happens to be fet up it tion of the a Stable where a mangy Horfe has Rfood, before Mange and it has been well cleaned and aliied. tIhe Mange alfo proceeds from Starving and low Feeding, and happens often to lHorfes, that have run long abroad in pinching cold VWeather, without Grafs, or fufficient Provender to fup- port them; for when a -Horfr once becomes poor, the Blood and Spirits do not flov in fufli- cient Quantity to the Extremities of the Skin, fo as the neceffary Secretions may be made; by which Means, a Stoppag-e of the infenfible Tranfpiration in fome Degree muft alfo follow, the Juices in thofe Parts growing fharp and pungent, creat a perpetual tingling, and itching. In the Mange, the Skin is generally tawny, A mangy thick, and full of WVrinkles, efpecially about Horne de- the Main, the Loins, and 'Tail, and the little fcribed. Hair that remains in thofe Places, almoft always flands ftrait-out and briftly. The Ears of mangy Horfes are commonly almoft naked, without any Hair, and all about their Eyes and Eye-brows, which gives them a difmal Carion- like Look; and where it affedts the Limbs, it makes them, in many Places, look quite naked. The Mange, when taken in Time, nothing signs when is more eafy to cure, eipecially when it comes curable. by x.56 Of the Mangr. by Infeaion; for that which proceeds from Starving is always more rooted, and confe- quently more tedious; and a Horfe feldom re- covers perfeffly, till he takes on a competent Meafure of Flefh. The Cure. If the Horfe has been in good Keeping, and catched the Diftemper of another Horfe, or an infested Stable; in that Cafe it will be proper to begin with Bleeding, and gentle Purging; and alfo an Ounce of Antimony and Sulphur,of each equal Quantities, every Day in a Feed of fcalded or moiftened Bran, to be continued three Weeks or a Month; and Sometimes the Mange is cured by outward Applications alone, with- out any thing Internally, only by iteeping To- bacco in old Chamber-lye twenty-four Hours, bathing all the mangy Parts with it every Day till the Horfe is well. And when the Diftemper is not inveterate, another way is, to ufe Train Oil and Gun-powdxr, made into the Con- fiftence of a foft Liniment; Come add to this Black-pepper, Spirit of Wine, and a fmall Quantity of Oil of Turpentine to give it a Body, and to make it adhere more clofely to the Skin; others ufe Gun-powder and Bar- badoes Tar, made into an Ointment, with a AMixture of Black Sope; others ufe Salt Beef Brine; all which Things are often attended witLh Succefs in new Infe6lions; but if the In- fedton has taken deep Root, and the Texture of the Skin becomes thereby very much cor- rupted and broke, fo as to have a Tendency to a Leprofy, it will be neceffary to have recourfe to lfMercurials, both externally and internally. The Mereum " Take any of the common Horfe-balls nal Ball for " above prefcribed for Colds, the Quantity of g" a. Wailnut; Calomel finely prepared, two Scruples; mix them together, and let it " be Of the Mange. 157 " be repeated three Mornings, keeping the " Horfe fafting two Hours before, and two " Hours after each Ball." The Horfe muft be kept warm, have warm How to or- Water, and not fuffered to go into the Water, der Horfes ir or to be wet in any Part; nor go out of theti' Stable, if the Weather be foul, unlefs into a dry Riding-houfe, or under fome Cover for his Exercife; give every Day a Feed of fcalded Bran; and the Morning after the laft Ball, let him have a common Purge: Or, this; " Take Succotrine Aloes, ten Drachms, or A proper " of common Aloes, one Ounce; Diaphoretic Purge for Antimony half an Ounce; frefh Jalap in mangy fine Powder, one Drachm; make it into a Ball, with a fufficient Quantity of Barbadoes " Tar, adding fixty Drops of chymical Oil of " Anifeeds." This may be repeated two or three Times, External applying outwardly at the fame Time the Train Applications. Oil and Gun-powder; which, in moff Cafes, is both very proper and efficacious; thofe that diflike the Train Oil, may ufe Butter or Hog's Lard, with a Mixture of Spirit of Wine, which, by rubbing it fome time in a Mortar, will be fufficiently incorporated for an outward Appli- cation. But if this fhould not prove effed'ual, ufe the mercurial Ointment prefcribed in the preceding Part of the Chapter, viz. " Take Quickfilver, half an Ounce; rub it Mercurial " with two Drachms, or half an Ounce of Ointment. 'Ic Turpentine, till the Q See Vol. if. " Turpentine, till the Quickfilver is intirely P- 1 - " killed and disappears; then add, by degrees, a Pound of Hog's Lard, rubbing it in a " Mortar till the Whole is incorporated." S E C T. 158 Of the Farcin, or Parcy. S E C T. VI. Of the Farcin, or Farcy. The Farcy tT HE Farcy is a Diftemper of the Blood- defcribed. j Veffels, that generally follows the Tra& See Vol. 11. of the Veins ; and when inveterate, thickens the Coats and common Integuments, fo as they become like fo many Cords, and thefe are larger or fmaller, in proportion to the Size and Capacity of the Veins that are affc&ed by it; it is feldom perceivable on the Arteries, becaufe of their continual Motion and Pulfation, and likewife by reafon of the Spring and Elafticity with which they are endowed, which prevents the Juices of the arterial Coats coming to a Stagnation. The Signs of The Signs of the Farcy are cafily perceived, OmeFarcy. and known at firft by one or more fmall Tu- mours or round Buds, like Grapes or Berries, fpringing out over the Veins, and very often exquifitely painful to the Touch; in the be- ginning they are hard, but foon turn into foft Blifters, which, when broke, discharge an oily or bloody Ichor, and turn into very foul and ill-difpofed Ulcers. When eafily When the Farcy appears on the Head only, cured. it is eafily cured, especially when it is fcaled. on See Vol. HII the Cheeks or Forehead; it is.mmore difficult 1p. Z02--205., 2o6, 207. when it affeds the Lips, the Noftrils, the Eyes, and Kernels under the Jaws, and other foft and loofe Parts, efpecially if it continues fo long till the Neck-Vein becomes affe&ed by it, and turns corded, &c. Plow the When the Farcy makes its firft Appearance on Farcyappears the Head, it is generally in young Horfes, that in the 0firft have their Heads fomewhat charged with Flefh; Diftemper. it rifes on the Cheeks or Temples, and looks like Net-work, or like fmall creeping Twigs full of Berries; fometimes it inflames the Eye on Of Me Farcin, or Farcy. 159 on the fame Side; fometimes little Bliflers or Buds rife on the Eye-lids, and very often the Buds run along the Side of the Nofe, making a Circle round the Edge of the Noftril, and fometifnes round the Lip, fo painful that he cannot bear to be handled about his Head, and hinders him from chewing his Food. When the Farcy rifes on the outfide of the Shoulder, it often begins forward, near the Point, and- runs along the fmall Veins, on the upper Part of the Arm, with Heat and Inflammation; but the Buds are feldom larger there than on the Face, and the Swelling not fo large in Propor- tion, as about the Eyes and Lips, which are foft, and more eafily difended by the Influx of the vitiated J uices; Sometimes a few fmall Buds rife near the Withers; but thefe are incon- fiderable, and of little Confequence, as well as thofe that rife on the outfide of the Hip. The Difeafe in all thefe Appearances, being Ought not to fuperficial, anld affeding only the fmaller Vef- be neglefled fels, is eafily conquered, by the following Me-nthe B- thod, when taken in Time; for the fimpleft Farcy when it is itifered to go on, or when it happens to be negle&.ed or ill treated, may de- generate into the worif Kind; and this being an inflammatory Diftemper, which in a par- ticular Manner affeds the Blood-Vefels, muftBleeding, therefore require large Bleeding, where thewhenProPeff Horfe happens to be fat and full- of Blood: And it is not amifs to bleed both Sides of the Neck; the Bleeding always contributes to check a beginning Farcy, but is of fmall Ser- vice afterwards; yet, if a Horfe be low in Flefh, the Lofs of too much Blood proves hurtful. After Bleeding, let the Horfe have the fol- lowing cooling and laxative Drink. " Take z6o A cooling Drink for the Farcy. An Oint- inent for the Farcy. Of the Farcin, or Parcy. " Take the Leaves and Bark of Elder, Sharp-pointed Dock-Root, and Rubia Tinc- torum, otherwise Madder, of each half a Handful; Turmeric and Monk's Rhubarb, " of each half an Ounce; and bruifed Liquo- " rice fliced, fix Drachms, boil there in three " Pints or two Quarts of Water, to a Quart; " pour it off, and while it is warm, diffolve in " it four Ounces of Cream of Tartar, and the " fame Quantity of Lenitive Elekuary." Let the Horfe have one of thefe Drinks every other Morning for a Week, keeping him fafting two Hours before and after each Drink, and then a little warm Water, and a Feed of fcalded Bran; this will keep his Body open, and thereby abate the Heat of his Blood: At the fame Time let the following Application be made to the affeced Parts. " Take Ointment of Elder, four Ounces; Oil of Turpentine, two Ounces; Sugar of Lead, half an Ounce; Powder of white Vitriol, two Drachms; mix them together " in a Gallypot." The Cure of Anoint the Buds, and where-ever there is the Farcy in any Swelling, with this Liniment, as often as it ;-s firf sIte dries, which will be about twice a Day at firif, till the Sores begin to run; and if the Matter be thick and well digefted, the Horfe will foon be well of his Farcy: Sometimes the Buds do not break, but fink and diminifh gradually, and only leave little bald Spots. This is always a very favourable Kind, and the moft fuper- ficial of all others; for the Hair foon comes on again, and needs nothing further but only con- ftant Exercife; or moderate Labour, to perfedt the Cure; but if fome little fmall Lumps re- main, and continue fome time on the Skin without Hair, tho' they be dry and without Moifture, Of the Farcin, or Farcy. r6i Moiflure, yet it will be proper in this Cafe, as it is more obifinate than the former, to give the Horfe Antimony, or the Liver of Antimony, for a Month; two Ounces a Day for the firft Fortnight, and an Ounce a Day for the other Fortnight: By following this Method, a Farcy that rifes in Parts where there is no very large Blood;Velfels, may be ftopped in a Week or ten Days, whether it be on the Head, the outfide of the Shoulders, the Hips, under the Creft, or on the prominant Part of the Neck, may foon after be totally eradicated. When the Farcy begins on the Plate-Vein, The fecond or on the Thigh-Vein, Flank, or near the State or Dei Pafterns, this may be properly called the fecond Diftemper. State or Degree of the Diftemper, and generally proves more obfinate; however fometimes when difcovered in Time, it may be nipped in the Bud; at firft, the Swelling is loften no bigger than a Hafle-nut, theVein but little corded, with two or three fmall hard Knots, about the Size of large Peas or Horfe Beans, which often being negle&ted till it is more advanced, and where the Blood is in a very ill Difpofition, that it makes fo fwift a Progrefs in a few Days, it will caufe a vifible Deformity, and the corded Vein will refemble a large Rope; in the Thigh-Vein it is fooner difcovered, becaufe it brings fudden Lamenefs and Swellings about the Hock, in the Small of the Leg, Feet, and Pafterns; it is often at firft miftaken for the Greafe, till it rifes upwards, and fixes on the larger Veins. Therefore when you obferve the Plate-Vein, Ought to be Thigh-Vein, or the Neck-Vein, in the leaft carefully ex- corded, bleed immediately; and if on the Neck, Timi.d n bleed on the oppofite Side, and make the fol- lowing Application to the corded Vein with- out lofs of Time. M' Take M 162 Of the Farcin, or Farcy. An excellent "C Take the yellow or unredtified Oil of Mixture to '" Turpentine in a large Phial or Pint Bottle, ic aippied CCf extern.uily. " fix Ounces; Oil of Vitriol, three Ounces; 's drop the Oil of Vitriol into the Oil of Tur- " pentine, by little at a Time, otherwise the " Bottle will buri f when it has done fmoke- ing, drop in more Oil of Vitriol, and fo on " till all is mixed." Rub the Part firft with a woollen Cloth, then apply fome of this Mixture all over the Buds, and wherever there is any Swelling, either in the Vein, or in the outward Parts that lie near it: Let this be done twice a Day, or oftener; and at the fame Time give the Horfe the cool- ing laxative Drink, above prescribed for the Antimony Farcy, every other Day, with a Pound of An- oiide in the timony in grofs Powder, tied up in a Bag, which Drink, is to be boiled with the other Ingredients. This to be continued a Fortnight or longer, if need- ful; and if upon the ufe of thefe Things the Sores run plentifully, and the Matter well di- gefted; if they have no ulcerous Difpofition; if their Lips or Edges are no ways thick or callous; if proud Flelfh do not rife; the Matter not thin and oily, but thick and well conco6led, like that which comes from a Rowell; if the corded Vein grows flat and foft, the Buds and other Sores have a dry and burnt-like Look, you may expe6t a fpeedy Recovery, and it will be proper to make this outward Application till the Sores begin to dry. ,A Un,,ment " Take yellow Wax, two Ounces; Sper- t's heal and c; maceti, one Ounce; melt thefe together in mzooth the "c a large -Gallypot, before a clear Fire, or Sores, and s over a Charcoal Fire in a Chafing-difh; when N r ge cc thefe are thoroughly incorporated, add two " Ounces of Sweet Oil, and then put in a " I)rachm of French Verdegcreafe, finely i; povdcrcd, keepirig confiantly Sirring till "the Of the Parcn, or Farcy. 163 " the Mixture is cold, that the Verdegreafe by its Weight may not fink to the Bottom." This Liniment will heal the Sores, fmooth Antimony the Skin, and make the Hair grow; to con- Powders pro. per to con- firm the Cure, and to prevent a Relapfe, give firm. the the Horfe an Ounce of Liver of Antimony, or Cure. crude Antimony, once a Day in one of his Feeds, for a Month or longer. The Farcy that begins on the Flanks, or to- wards the Lower Belly, at firif generally appears by one fingle Bud or two, the Vein a little cord- ed, attended with fharp Pain and Uneafinefs. The Pain and Smarting is one fure Sign to Signs of the diftinguifh the Farcy from common Accidents, Farcy on the "Flanks and the ftaring of the Hair ftanding up like a Turf Lower Belly. all round the Buds or Blifters, and the Matter which iffues from the Coats of the Veins and Membranes, is always purilent, and of a clammy and greafy Confiflence; for fat Horfes, or Horfes at rank, Succulent Grafs, are moft fub- jea to this kind, and will be very troublefome if not foon ftopp'd, becaufe of the great Plenty of Fat that lies under the Skin, and invirons thefe Veins, and breeds a very ill Difpofition in the Sores and Ulcers; and therefore when the Farcy begins on the Flank or lower Belly, let no Time be loft, but ufe the following Appli- cation outwardly. " Take Oil of Turpentine, and Oil of Vi- A (harp L. " trio], of each three Ounces; mix them to- niment for 4' gether as direited above, by pouring in the ar " Oil of Vitriol, by little and little, till the " Ebullition is over, and the whole incor- " porated, which will be thickifh, and of a " dark Colour." Rub this Mixture well into the Buds and Sores, once or twice a Day, or wherever there is any Swelling, till it abates, and that the Sores run a laudable AMatter. If the Pain and I A Tendt'r- 164 signs of Amendment Rermedies to reftringe and abate the Swelling of the lower Belly. Of the Farcin, or Farcy. Tendernefs go off, that the Horfe will fuffler the affeded Parts to be handled, it is a pro- mifing Sign; as alfo when the Ulcers grow fmooth and look clean, and the Swelling finks and fubfides, the Quantity of the Oil of Vitriol is here inlarged, being more intenfly fharp, and will in fome meafure comprefs like a Bandage. And to prevent the Swelling of the lower Belly, which foon increafes with the Farcy, and grows dangerous; apply the following Mixture all over the Side that is affedted. " Take relify'd Spirits of Wine, four .1' Ounces; Oil of Vitriol, and Oil of Tur- " pentine, of each two Ounces; the beft White " Wine Vinegar, or old Verjuice, fix Ounces; mix thefe carefully together; or the fol- lowing." " Take re&Lify'd Spirits of Wine, four Oun- " ces; Camphire, half an Ounce, diffolve the Camphire in the Spirits; then add Vinegar, or old Verjuice, fix Ounces; white Vitriol in fine Powder, and diffolved in a Gill of Spring Water, an Ounce; mix them to- ' gether, fhaking the Phial as it is ufed." Rub the difeafed Side with either of thefe as far down as the Centre of the Belly, which will contribute to brace up the Fibres of the Skin and Veins, and keep them from firetch- ing, and by that means prevent the fpreading The Farcy of the Farcy; at the fame Time give internally Drink to be the Drink above prefcribed, with a Courfe of repeated. Antimonials, with Gum Guaiacum, fuch as fhall be prefently prefcribed, and if the Horfe be found in his Vitals, and the Farcy not too far gone, this Method, firikly followed, will cure him. The Farcy in When the Farcy begins on or near the the Pafterns, Paflerns, it often proves tedious, and leaves 'how to be treated. Swellings Of the Farcin, or -Parcy. i65 Swellings and other Blemiffies behind it; yet, if it be discovered in Time, it may be cured without much Difficulty. Now in the lower Limbs, the Farcy lies Sometimes concealed for a great while, and makes fo flow a Progrefs at firif, that it is often miftaken for the Greafe; or for a Blow or Kick of another Horfe, and goes by the ge- neral Appellation of a Humour fettled in the Leg: It is true, the Greafe, or Kick of another Horfe, or even a Blow or Contufion on thofe Parts, may turn to a Farcy, either through bad Management, or in a bad Confritution. The diffinguifhing Signs whereby to know a be- ginning Farcy in the Limbs, and in what Re- IpeIes it chiefly differs from the Greafe or other Accidents, are fuch as follow. The Greafe, for the moft part, breaks out Wherein the about the Bending of the Patterns backwards, Fairy dintfe and runs downwards towards the Heel; and iffers from the. it breaks upwards, it is owing to the Sharpnefs Greafe. of the Humour, caufed by want of a free Difcharge below; and then it only oozes thro' the Skin, and difcharges a corofive Serum, which fometimes brings off the Hair, or turns Scabby, with a conifant Heat on the Part, till it is cured. The Farcy, on the other hand, often begins on the Paftern Joint, or on the Shakle Vein. When it begins on the Pattern The Farcy Joint, it is ufually one fingle Bud at firf, which on the Pattern joint brings a Fullnefs and a Swelling into that Joint, defcribcd. and no where elfe, till the Diftemper gains ground, when feveral other Buds begin to rife and fpring forth in little round Tumours, that greatly deform the Figure and Shape of the Leg; not like the Greafe, or a common Hu- mour in the Limb, where the Swelling is fmooth and equal, but like a knoted Crab-tree, which firft difables a Horfe from lying down, and then M 3 the i66 Of the Farcin, or Farcy. the Knots afcend upwards by the Courfe of the Veins into the Hock, and from thence into the Thigh, &c. The Farcy, That which begins on the Shackle-Vein, is when it be- where it paffes over the great Sinew behind, gins e n the .., , Sha kle- and generally happens after long Travelling or Vein. Labour, when the Vein has been bruifed by the frequent Friffions of the Sinew. Thefe Veins are fo fmall, naturally, that they are fcarce ever to be feen or felt; and the Veins that creep over the Paftern Jpints being alfo very fmall, and lying deep under a thick Skin, are fometimes bruifed in the fame manner with long Journeys, by the continual working of the Joints. In all thefe Cafes a great deal de- pends on fetting about the Cure early, and fometimes it is ftopped by very fimple means, viz. The Cure in A Poultice made with Bran and Verjuice the Begin- bound round the Part, renewingr it once a Day, will often do without any other Help. If proud Flefh arife, touch it with Oil of Vitriol, or Aqua-Fortis, an Hour before you apply the ApoulticeofPoulltice of Bran and Verjuice, and let it con- Eran and tinue bare all that while, that thefe Oils may Vijuice. have their Effed. But when once the Farcy gets ground, that the larger Veffels become corded, fo as to con- ftitute the fecond or more advanced State of the Diftemper, it then requires both Time and Skill to manage it. And now the chief Benefit muft be expeded from Internals; yet the outward Applications muft not be omitted, but constantly ufed; and therefore if the Plate-Vein, Thigh-Vein, or any other of the large Veffdls, happen to be corded;, ufe the following Mixture. Cal Ta ke Of the Farcin, or Farcy. 167 "c Take Linfeed-Oil, half a Pint; Oil of The Cure of " Turpentine and Oil of Petre, of each two the Farcy " Ounces; Tindure of Euphorbium and brows itc- " Tinture of Hellebore, of each two Drachms; terate. " Martiatum, two Ounces; and, if that can- " not be had, Flanders Oil of Bays may be fub- " ffituted for it; Oil of Origanum, half an Ounce; DoubleAqua-Fortis, half an Ounce. " After the Ebullition or Smoking is over, " add two Ounces of Barbadoes Tar; then " fhake the Bottle gently, and keep the Mix- " ture for ufe." Rub a moderate Quantity of this into the How to ure corded Veins, and wherever there is any Swel- thisMixture. ling proceeding from the Farcy. When it is arrived to this State, once in two or three Days is fufficient for this Application; but when the Skin is fo much thickened over the Ulcers, as to confine the Matter underneath it; or if the Orifices be choked up with proud fun- When ne. gous Flefh, it is necefllary alfo, in either Cafe, ceffary to to make an open Paffage for it with a fmall hot open the T I- t s s n as Buds, and Iron, cauterizing the Sides, and deftroying all clean the the proud Flefh round the Edges, after which Ulcers. it may be kept down by touching, as often as it appears or begins to fprout out, either with Oil of Vitriol, Aqua-Fortis, Aqua-Regia, or Cau with Butter of Antimony, which is the beft of toneiS concerning all where the Ulcers are few in Number; butthe Ufeof this being a very powerful Cauffic, if appliedCauffics. to the Limbs or nervous Parts, will create Pain and Inflammation, take a Horfe off his Stomach, and raife a Fever, which may heighten and aggravate all the Symptoms, efpecially be- fore the Blood and Juices are fufficiently atte- i uated; otherwife, when this is ufed with Skill and Judgment, it is of great Service to deftroy the Foulnefs of the Ulcers, and to make them 'AvI 4 di ;crf 68 Safe Remn- dies. Of the Ufe of Mercurial internally, with fome Cautions. Of the Farcin, or Farcy. digeff well, which foon gives a Turn to the Diftemper. A Salve made by rubbing any Quantity of Quickfilver with Aqua-Fortis in a Mortar, to the Confiftence of a Liniment, will do great Service, by fmearing the Ulcers with it, when they appear foul and rank, with lefs Hazard than the Butter of Antimony. Burnt Allum and Lime-ftones, made into fine Powder, will have a good effed where there is Humidity and Moifture, and will tranfmit nothing into the Blood that will prove hurtful. In an advanced Degree of the Farcy, Cin- nabar of Antimony, or Native Cinnabar, may be given for feveral Months together, in fome very obftinate and inveterate Cafes. The Tur- bith Mineral is another very efficacious mercu- rial Preparation, and milder than many others in ufe, and where the Limbs are greatly fwoln, a Drachm of it will dry up all the Sores in forty eight Hours, in a furprifing manner, and bring down the Swelling of the difeafed Limbs; but then it makes the Horfe fo violently fick, and fcour to fuch a degree, that it cannot be repeated fo as to affeduate a Cure. Some Horfes will bear much more of fuch things than others. Sometimes crude Mercury is given to Horfes with good Succefs. An Ounce of Quickfilver fhook in a Phial, with three or four Ounces of the Oil of Turpentine, till its Parts are feperated and broke, and given in the Farcy, and, if not too clofely repeated, will, in fome Conlfitutions, effe6tuate a Cure in a very fhort time. A mercurial "c Take an Ounce of Quickfilver, rub it to- Ball for a cc gether with an Ounce of Turpentine, till rank Farcy. s the Quickfdlver is killed; and then make it "c into Of the Farcin, or Parcy. 169 4c into two Balls, with Diapente and Gum " Guaiacum, of each an Ounce, and Honey " fufficient to bring it into a proper Con- fiftence, and given at twice, allowing the fpace " of four or five Days between each Dofe." A very rank Farcy may be cured with four of thefe Dofes, by.the help of lenitive Purges, and outwardApplications, in the manner above direLed. If the Diffemper has been contra6ing for a To harry the long time together, and by that means gathers Cure of an Strength and Sure-footing, it is not to be re- Frncy, eftea moved but by flow degrees, during which time, dangerous. if the Horfe is not very much disfigured, or lame, he need not lie idle and ufelefs, but may be mo- derately worked, which always gives fome Aid and Affilftance to the Cure. In this advanced Degree of the Farcy, ob- ferve carefully the Complexion, and other Qua- lities of the Buds and Sorcs, whether they have a yellowifh Hue, and look fchirrous and hard about the Edges, which is frequently the Cafe when the Liver happens to be affeaed, and if not taken notice of in time, the Cure may be fruifrated. To remove this Symptom give the following Drink. " Take the Roots of fharp-pointed Dock, The Cure " wiped clean from the Mold, and cut into when the f mall Slices, one Handful; Rhapontic, orFarcy is orinne4 withi "c inftead of the Rhapontic, Monks Rhubarb, the Yellows. one Ounce; Turmeric and Madder bruifed, Vol. 11. P. " of each half an Ounce; Liquorice fliced, Z33. " half an Ounce; boil them in three Pints of " Water to a Quart, and in the Decofion, " while warm, diffolve half an Ounce of Ca- " ftile or Venice Sope. Then take two " Drachms of Saffron tied in a Bag, fqueeze it in hot Liquor till the Virtue is gone out " of 170 Of the Farcin, or Farcy. " of the Saffron, then add half a Pint of o Of Oi Xhite-wine, or foft Ale, and give it in i the IMorning fafting." Let this be repeated three or four Days fuc- ccilivcly; only after the firft Day, half in the Morniag fafting, and the other half in the Af- tcrnoon between his Feeds. Whtn the If the Buds and Sores look blackifh, and of Blood is in a livid Colour, it Ihews fomewhat of a languid a morbid State of the Blood and Juices, tending to a State. Mortification; in which Cafe the following Drench will be of great Service. A reflrmngent "c Take of the beft Jefuits Bark grofly pow- DPr&ht. " der'd, two Ounces; Camomile Flowers, one Ounce; Filings of Steel, or old Nails, or anv Pieces of old Iron tied up in a Bag, " four Ounces: Boil them in three Pints of Weater to a Quart, pour off the Decoffion " when fettled, and let it be given in the Morn- It may be repeated three or four Days, by boiling the fame Ingredients over again, until the Decooftlon loofes moft of its Bitternefs; arid if it be neceffary, to repeat it oftener. It null be made of frefh Ingredients, except the Iron, which will always ferve to the end of the Cure. Thefe things being fufficiently repeated in either Cafe, will bring the Sores to a better crd more lively Difpofition; and when this ap- pears, they may be difcontinued, and no other Internals need be given befide the following Balls. Bauls for the '4 Take eight Ounces of Native Cinnabar, Farcy, being 4c or Cinnabar of Antimony, long Birth-wort proper in . r. and Grum Guaiacum in Powder, of each four every degree -th .6f that D1- " Ounces ;i Honey, fufficient to make the ilemper. "' whole Of the Water Farcy. 171 " whole into a Pafte; to be formed into Balls, " the Size of large Walnuts, rolled in Liquo- rice-Powder, to be given one or two in a Day: And in an old Farcy they may be " continued for two or three Months toge- " ther." Thefe Balls alone, with the help of out- ward Applications, are proper for any kind of Farcy, and fometimes will cure it in a Week's time, when the Diftemper is but new; but the outward Applications are by no means to be negleELed; for without deftroying the fungous Flefh, and clearing the Sores and Ulcers from the corrofive Matter with which they are apt to abound, the beft inward Means may fail, and prove of no effe&. S E C T. VII. Of the Water Farcy. H E Water Farcy (orWatryFarcy, as fome The Water call it) which indeed is another Difeafe, Farcy is of and has little or no Refemblance to a true Farcy, two kind, either in its Caufe, Symptoms, or Effeds, but has only obtained this Name through Cuftom. This Diftemper is of two kinds, one the Pro- dud of a feverifh Difpofition; the other is drop- fical, and of that kind which in Man resembles the Anafarca, where the Water is not confined to the Belly and Limbs, but fhews itfelf in fe- The Signs veral Parts of the Body, with Loft Swellings, and Cure. which yield to the Preflure or the Fingers, as is ufual in all dropfical Habits. This laft kind ufually proceeds from Foul-feeding, or from the latter Graf'tL and FQg, that often come up inl 172 A Drink for the water Fxrcy. Antirnonial Powders to be given in tbe Feeds. A Purge fo the water Farcy. Of the Water Farcy. in great Plenty, with long continued cold Rains, and breeds a fluggifh vifcid Blood. In this Cafe, or from whatever other Caufe it proceeds, give the following Infufion. "4 Take Rue, Camomile Flowers, and the " Rind or Bark of Elder, of each a Handful; t fix Cloves of Garlic, peeled, and cut fmall; s Juniper Berries, and Anifeeds, of each an Ounce; Saffron, one Drachm; infufe there all Night in a Quart of boiling Water " wherein hot Iron has been quenched; pour " off the Infufion in the Morning, and add to it a Pint of Stale Beer, or a Pint of white " Lifbon Wine." Give one half in the Morning faffing, and the other half at Night, two Hours before Feeding-time; repeat this every other Day for a Week or a Fortnight, feeding with the beft Hfay and Oats, and after thefe Drinks, a little fcalded Bran. Alfo giving the Horfe an Ounce of Sulphur and Antimony in each Feed. When the Horfe is brought into fomewhat better Plight, give him two or three mild Purgres, fuch as follows. " Take Succotrine Aloes, one Ounce; frefh " Jalap, two or three Drachms; Cream of " Tartar, half an Ounce; Oil of Juniper, fixty Drops, made into a Ball with Syrup of Marfh-mallows or Honey, and roll'd in Flour or Liquorice Powder as ufual." And -this Method will make a perfe6l Cure, if the Horfe be found in his Vitals, and if otherwife, that the watry Swellings are the S;pns of fome Effed of fome inward Decay, viz. if he lofe inward pc- his Appetite, have a dry Cough, gleet at his (Je' shNofe, and have DeAdnefs in his Looks; in which Cafe Of the Water Parcy. 173 Cafe he muff be treated accordingly, if the Horfe be of Value, and worth the Trial. For which you may ufe the following Prefcription, viz. " Take Conferve of red Rofes, one Ounce ; PeoralBa " Lucatellus Balfam, half an Ounce; Sper- maceti, and Sal Prunellx, of each two " Drachms, rubbed in a Mortar; Syrup of " Corn Poppies, fufficient to make it into a Ball, to be rolled in liqiorice Powder." Thefe Balls may be given one every Morn- ing for a Week, and if they be found to do Service, it may be continued during Pleafure till the Horfe recovers his ufual Vigour, and begins to gather Strength. A Quart of the Pe&toral Infufion may alfo be adminiftered after each Ball, made warm. i" Take Ground Ivy, and Horehound, of A Peaori " each an Handful ; red Rofe Leaves, half a Drink. Handful; frefh Linfeed, and Juice of Li- quorice, of each half an Ounce; Saffron, one " Drachm; Gum Tragacanth, one Ounce." This may be made Milk-warm, and given after the Ball, with the ufual Precautions, viz. two Hours before the Feed. The other kind of Water Farcy, often begins The water with feverifhnefs and lofs of Appetite; but that Farcy that is Symptom foon goes off when the Tumours ar- attended rive to their Maturity ; then they take to their wyevrflt Meat, and Nature often effeduates a Cure with little or no other Help than a few Feeds of fcalded Bran with Sulphur. Thefe Tumours are hot and fomewhat inflamed; Sometimes The Signs of they break, and Sometimes difperfe of them- Recovery. felves without breaking; and when they break they difcharge a little hot fcalding Water, which in Of Tumours. in a Day or two digefts and heals without turn. ing ulcerous. The Cure, is to bleed plentifully in the Be- ginning, then adminifter the following Drink. " Take the Leaves and Bark of Elder, of " each a large Handful; Camomile Flowers, " half a Handful; Juniper Berries, boiled in a Quart of Water to three half Pints; pour " off the Decoffion while it is warm; diffolve " in it four Ounces of Cream of Tartar, and fix Ounces of Honey." Give one of there Drinks every other Morn- ing for one Week, with Antimony and Gum Guaiacum, of each half an Ounce in Powder, once a Day, in a Feed of fcalded Bran, to be continued about a Week, or longer if neceffary. C H A P. X Of Tumours. A TUMOUR is a preternatural Rifing or Swelling on any Part of the Body of a Horfe; for all Parts may be fubje& to Swellings of one kind or other, as well the Bones, Liga- ments or Sinews, as the Flefh, Membranes, and other foft Parts; and there Swellings proceed either from an external or internal Caufe, viz. Wounds, Blows, Bruifes, and fuch like Acci- dents, or from Fevers, which Sometimes produce critical Tumours, by which the febrific Matter is call off; and fometimes Tumours proceed from fome chronical Difeafe. S E C T. 174 The Cure. 4 ZR . in IT faiNx Of Critical rumours. -75 S E C T. I. Of Critical T'umours. (CRITICAL Tumours are properly thofeOfTamo, '.i whereby a Fever, or other acute Diftemper their good is caft off, and the febrific Matter is thrown and bad out upon fome particular Part, which generally Tendecy. has a good Tendency. When the Tumour is P. 245. external, and happens to be feated on fome Part that is fafe, for thereby a Horfe is ufually reftored to his Health as foon as it comes to ripen ; on the other hand, the internal Tumours generally affed the Lungs, or other principal P(if- cera, and often prove mortal; or fall on the Joints, and fometimes end in incurable Lamenefs. For this Reafon, critical Tumours on the external Parts ought, for the moft part, to be promoted, and forwarded by ripening Ointments and Poul- tices ; where the latter can be applied they Thould by no Means be repelled. Critical Tumours arife under the Jaws, and Critica Tr fometimes turn to the Strangles, fometimes mours arirc under the Ears, where, with good Manao-e- ender the ment, they ripen into Matter, and caft off the Earsa Dregs of Sickne's; and fometimes Fevers caft the Glan(us. themfeives off upon the Poll, and fometimes on the Withers; the one caufing the Poll-Evil, sometimes and the other what is called the Fiftula; fome- PEvl and times Fevers terminate in critical Tumours i Fiftulia ae the Groins, and caufe very large Swellings on critical. the infide of the 'Thigh; fometimes firetching along the Sheath, and towards the lower Belly, and break near the Clefts When the Swelling Cttical T,-' falls down'wards, it generally forms an Abfcei "ouls geit- between the Interftices, a little below thenalt In the Stifle, or runs towards the fock, where it hind f'ati.z.g fcldXtm aR uSrf. 176 Of Tumours from Hurts. feldom forms one fingle Abfcefs, but breaks into feveral fmall Puftles, that without good Care and Judgment, end in little fcabby Ulcers, and leave a thicknefs in the Joint. Sometimes tons abf- Swellings fall into the Paflern Joint, and into lutelv necef- the Coffin, both which are dangerous, and farv in the thcrefore ought to be breathed out, if pofllble, Cure. with dikcutient Fomentations. Of which the following is one of the moft efficacious that can be in fuch Cafes. "TakeWormwood, Camomile Flowers, and " IVlelilot, of each a Handful; Bay-Berries, " bruifed, four Ounces; Wood Afhes, a few Handfuls; Wood Soot, one Handful; boil it in a Gallon of Water till near one half is The Fomen-" wafted; let the Part be fteep'd with woollen tation. asCloths, wrung out fcalding hot, and ap- plied as dry and as hot as poflible, and re- newed as often as the Cloths begin to grow " cold." Bow to a. - Half a Pint of Spirit of Wine lhould be added to each Quart of Fomentation, juft when it is going to be ufed, which ought to be two or three Times a Day, applyig the Cloths wrung out, five or fix Times every Dreffing, leaving a dry Cloth bound round the Joint, to keep the Part continually breathing. S E C T. II. Of Swellings caufed by Blows, Bruifes, and' other external Accidents. C!VELLINGS caufed by external Ac- ijcidents, are more or lefs dangerous, ac- cording to their degrees of Violence, and as the MT.ember or Part is more or lefs able to bear the Of rumours from HOfts. 177 the Hurt. Blows on the Head often bring Horfes into convulfive Diforders, and prove Mortal: And Hurts ol Bruifes on the Joints fometimes caufe incurable Lamenefs. But, pagfing by the Incurables, Blows and Bruifes on the flelhy Parts, often produce very large Swellings, and end in Impoftumation, but this is feldom dangerous: Horfes are alfo fre- quently hurt with bad Saddles, which Sometimes brings Navel Galls and othy Swellings; alfo The Caufr. by Kicks, and by the biting of other Horfes on the Neck, Back, and Withers, fometimes the Shoulders and Haunches; fometimes Horfes are alfo very much bruited and hurt by getting over their Bales, and their Limbs and other Parts are very much fwelled by fuch Accidents, and Qften the Hair rubbed off with Rawnefs and Excoriation; and frequentlyHorfes get themfelves entangled in their Collars, Reins, The Metbo4 or with their Halters, all which caufe Swellings, of Cure. and fome to fuch a Degree, as to produce a Symptomatic Fever. But as the Blood is feldom affeted in thefe Cafes, therefore one general Intention in the Method of Cure is only neceffary, and that is by Coolers and Repellers, fuch as red or white Vinegar, old Verjuice, or Compofitions made with Allum, Vitriol. and the like, which fhould Proper Re. be applied frequently to the-Swelling, till the' Heat and Inflammation is abated. " Take a Pint of Vinegar, mix with it a piece of Bole, the Bignefs of a Wallnut; " ihalve them together." Th:s is proper to bathe a Swelling that comes by a Bruife, or any other common Accident: Vinegar is preferable to Verjuice; and in fome Cafes, diffilled Vinegar, or Vinegar mixed with a fmall Portion of Spirit of Vitriol, is to be prefered, where fironger Acids and more in- tenfe Coolers are required. N A cold 173 A cold Charge pro- per in thefc Cafes. See Vol. II. p. 250. The cold Charge to be repeated as often as dry. S&e Vol. II. p. ibid. Of a Bone-Spavin. A cold Charge is alfo a very proper Appli-a cation in Intentions of this kind, efpecially to the Back, Withers, and other Parts, when they have been bruited with the Saddle, viz. " Vinegar, Bole, and the Whites of Eggs, to the Confiftence of a Poultice, and fpread over the aggrieved Part." This cold Charge is alfo proper to be laid to the Swellings- or the Joints, or any where on the Limbs, when they proceed from Strains, Bruifes, and other fuch Accidents, and ought to be renewed as often as it turns dry, efpecially while the Heat and Inflammation continues, and with a conftant ufe of Bole and Vinegar, will, in moff Cafes, effed a Cure. If a Horfe receives a Hurt in his Mouth by a rufty or mifhapen Bit, or other Accident, and it turns ulcerous; for the Cure, take-Spirits of Wine, and Vinegar, of each four Ounces; Honey, one Ounce; burnt Allum in Powder, two Drachms; mix'd in a Phial: Wafh the Sores every Morning and Evening. 'Tis good for all Sores in the Noifrils, injedted by a Svringe. 5 E C T. Of a Bone-Spavin. The nature of a Bone- spava. A 13 ON E-Spavin is a hard Swelling on the )I Infide of the Hock, and fo called, not only becaufe it refembles a Bone in hardnefs, but to diftinguifh it from a Blood-Spavin, which is foft, and is alfo fituated in the Hock. The Copper Plate, numbered Tlnab. XXII. reprefents in two Figures of the hind Leg, the Blood-Spavin and Bone-Spavin. F14g. III. TAi3,XXIH. Vo/. 2 /'. 262. MA :!"m7.-,-,r:2 - - -R - am- This page in the original text is blank. Of a Bone- Spa'vin. 179 Fig. I. A. fhews the Infide of the Hock, with a Varix, or Blood-Spavin, as the ob- See Vol. It. firuded Veins appear in that Diftemper. Chap. IO. Fig. II. B. fhews the Bone-Spavin on the Infide of the lower part of the Hock, and the tipper-fide of the Inflep-Bone. A Bone-Spavin takes its Beginning and Growth from the Matter that nourifhes the Bones, and Ligaments of the Hock, and ge- nerally happens to young Horfes, that have The Caufcs been ufed too roughly, before they are ar- of a fonc. rived at their full Strength, by forcing them Spavin. to leap too high, or putting them too much upon their Haunches, which relaxes the Liga- ments and Membranes, and infeebles all the Junlure of the Hock. Sometimes Spavins put out after Sicknefs, and fometinies proceed from Blows, and other Accidents. A Spavin that begins on the lower Part ofThe Prog- the Hock, is not fo dangerous as that which noics puts out higher between the two round Pro- See Vol. II. ceffes of the Leg-bone; and a Spavin near the 4 Edge is not fo bad as that which is more in- ward towards the middle, as it does not fo much affe&t the Bending -of the Hock. A Spavin that comes by any common Accident, as a Kick or a Blow, is at firift no true Spavin, but a Contufion, and is not fo dangerous as when it proceeds from a natural Caufe. Nei- ther are Spavins that put out on Colts or young Horfes, fo bad as thofe that happen to Horfes in their full Strength and Maturity, and in very old Horfes they are feldom curable. The ufual Method of curing a Bone-Spavin The Cure, is by Blifters and Firing, without any Regard to the Situation or Caufe whence it proceeds. If a Fullnefs on the fore-part of the Flock comes upon hard Riding, or any other Vio- N 2; lence, I8O Of a Bone- Spavin. lence, threatening a Spavin, in that cafe Cool- ers and Repellers are only proper. A cold Charge bound round the Part, and renewed feveral times a Day, with the other Method above prefcribed in Bruifes and Con- tufions. Spavins that happen to Colts and young Horfes, are generally external and fu- perficial, and may be cured with milder Appli- cations than what are commonly made ufe of Dangerous to for their Removal, and with lefs Danger of hurry, the breeding Callofities on the Joints; for it is Cure. better to wear out; thefe Maladies by de- grees, than to ftrive to conquer them all at once. See Vol. xI. The following Prefcription has been found P. 256, 257. to be the moft fafe and fuccefsful of any other, only that it muff be often repeated, and fo re- quires a good deal of time before the Cure is complete and perfed. A fare Bliftering Ointment for the Zone Spavin. " Take Nerve-Ointment, and Ointment of " Marfh - mallows, of each two Ounces; Quickfilver, an Ounce; the Quickfilver " muff be rubbed in a Mortar, with an Ounce i or an Ounce and an half of Venice Tur- " pentine, till it is of a lead Colour, and that " none of the Globules appear; then mix it " with the other, and when there are well in- " corporated, add a Drachm and a half of " Cantharides made into fine Powder, one Drachin of Sublimate, and two Drachms of " Oil of Origanum." The Cantharides muff be frefh, not of a yellow or brown Colour, nor of a faetid fink- ing Smell; if they be corrupted and rotten, they lofe their Efficacy. The Hair is to be cut as clofe as poffible, and then the Ointment ap- plied pretty thick over the Part; this fhould bc done in the MQrning, and the Horfe kept tied Of a Bone-Spavk. I8-r tied up all Day, without any Litter under him How to ap- till Night, only fo much as will encourage him ply teOint to -dale, if he has been ufed to fiale upon his Litter; at Night lhe may be untied, that he may lie down as ufual; for by that time the Bliufer will begin to take effed, and a Plaifter of Pitch may be laid over it, or any other flick- ing Plaifter to be b und on gently with a piece of broad Tape or Eft. , After the BliIter has done running, and the Furtir oi. Scabs begin to dry and peal off, the bliftering o Ointment may be applied in the fame manner as before, for the fecond Application generally takes much greater effed than the firif, and Sometimes, in Colts and young Horfes, makes a perfedt Cure. But when the Spavin has been of fome flanding, it will require to be renewed, perhaps, five or fix times; only that after theCaution. fecond Application, a greater Diftance of Time muff be allowed, otherwife it might leave a Scar, or caufe a Baldnefs; and to avoid this, and prevent a remaining Stiffilefs, a frefh Ap- plication ought to be made once in a Fort- night, or in three Weeks, which always has a good effec. The Horfes may have moderate Exercife between whiles, and fometimes mild purging Phyfic, and Diuretics, at proper Inter- vals, fuch as the following. "Take Juniper-Berries, pounded, an Ounce; A mild purg. " Succotrine Aloes and Sal Prunelke, in Pow- ing an' diu_ " der, of each fix Drachms; redified Oil ofirtic Ball. Turpentine, of that which comes firif off the Still, called the Etherial Oil of Turpen- tine, half an Ounce; unred1ified Oil of Am- " ber, and the Chemical Oil of Juniper, of " each two Drachms." This will make two Balls, rolled in Liquo- rice Powder; and afterwards Rafpings of Guai-1 N acuni, 182 Of a Curb. A dry Diet acum, boiled and mixed with their Water. In proffer. fuch Cafes likewife keep them from the Ufe of moift Diet, except when they take Purges, and then allow them but finall Feeds of fcalded Bran, their common Diet being only Oats with the drieft and fweeteft Hay that can be got, for a moift Diet is very prejudicial in all thofe Cafes. S E C T. IV. Of a Curb. A Curb a6_ S a Spavin rifes among the Bones on the k:bed. A Fore-part of the Hock, fo a Curb takes its Origin from the Jundures of the fame Bones, and rifes on the Hind-part, forming a pretty large Tumour from below the Capelet or Heel of the Hock, and running a good way along the Back-part of the Hind-leg, covering the Apophyfis of the Inftep-Bone, and, in fome frummy Horfes, freading itfelf on both fides the Leg, attended with Stiffnefs, and Sometimes with Pain and Lamenefs. tee Cadges A Curb proceeds from the fame Caufes that ,Vb. produce Spavins, viz. Hard-riding, Strains, and other fuch Accidents; efpecially from Elows, and frequently from Kicks of other Hiorfes; all which bring on Curbs, when they aFi negledted, and not taken care -of imi time. Sometimes the Curb rifes where no Hurt or Accident has happened, even when a Horfe has flood ftill in the Stable doing nothing, 2 .d fomet nes abroad when running at Grafs; and then it is generally the Effed of a vifcid fizy Blood, which kind of Temperament is apt to derive too great an Accumulation of Serofities This page in the original text is blank. rAB.YXXII. 141& 2. 2.m7. r; yii.Ej r04c.,9 X :004 B Of a Curb. 1S3 Serofities upon the Joints; and therefore young Horfes, that have very large Joints, especially thofe of the heavy Breed, are the moft fubje the heavy of all others to Curbs, and other cold pitui-fubje&f to tous Swellings; and of the Saddle-breed, fuch Curbs. as are fomewhat arched in their Hind-legs, and have naturally a little Ridge or Rifing be- low the Heel or Point of the Hock. See Table XXIII, Fig. II, which fhews the The Expla. Hind-leg in a bending Pofition. nation of the A. The Heel of the Hock. B. The Curb, or hard Swelling, as it ap- pears when grown to its full Extent. Sometimes a Curb appears on one Leg only, and Sometimes on both, in the fame manner as the Spavin, but there is feldom any Danger of a continual Lamenefs from Curbs. The Cure is e'afy, and may be done withThe Cure. Bliffering alone; tho' it may be neceffary in fome Cates to fire and blifler both. The fame Bliftcring-Ointment prescribed for The fame the Spavin, is alfo proper for a Curb; and plifler pre. fometimes will cure with one or two Applica- pribed for tions, and without the leaft Scar or Loft of the Bone- Hair. But if the Curb be grown exceflive SPavin hard and obftinate, by a long Continuance, the quickeft and fureft way is to fire with a thin Iron, making a Line down the Middle, from Top to Bottom, and drawing feveral Lines in a penniform manner, like a Feather, on each fide, pretty deep, applying a little mild Bliufer over the Part, and, when it has done running, a Charge of the Ad Herniam Plaifter, or Rup-. ture-Plaifter, which Method will utterly re- f Lreines move the Curb. Purging is alfo neceffary afterneceffary af- the Cure; alfo Diuretics, as in the E one- ter a Curb Spavin. is taken off. N 4 S E C Tit 184 Ofets and 7ardons. S E C T. V. Oftets and Yardons. eflets de- FL E T S, are little hard Subflances that fcribed. arife amongft the fmall Bones of the Knee, on the Infide: They grow out of the gummy Subftance which faftens thofe Bones together; and from Strains, when a Horfe is TIe Cure. young, before his Joints are well knit. They are not common, and, if obferved in the be- ginning, a little Oil of Origanum, rubbed on the Part every other Day, will diffolve and take them off; but if they are of long Conti- nuance, they are difficult to be removed. Fi- ring is the moft certain Method to effe&t a Cure. A Jardon Another Swelling on the Outfide of the deicribed. Hock, is called the Jardon; it caufes a Horfe to go ftiff and lame, and feldom proves of evil Confequence; for they commonly pro- ceed from Blows and Kicks of other Horfes, and fuch-like Accidents; and, unlefs they are at firft neglected, or fome like Procefs of a Bone be broke, which may by chance happen, they are no ways dangerous, becaufe they do not much affect the Motion of the Joint, and at firif may, for the moft part, be cured with Coolers and Repellers, viz. as follows. The Caure. " Take Vinegar, a Pint, and mix with it " a piece of Bole, the Bignefs of a Wallnut; " fhfke them together, and apply it often to the aggrieved Part." FlIDrey;ng But if the Swelling continues hard and in- arid Firing fenfible, the deft way is to blifter; and, in fomne foii'tirxnes obftinate Cafes, they muft be fired. neceflAry. SEC T. Of a Ring-Bone.' 1 C : S E C T. VI. Of a Ring-Bone. A Ring-Bone is a hard Swelling on the lower part of the Paftern, and reaches half way round the forepart thereof, refem- bling a Ring. Explanation of the Plate. Table XXJII, represents, in two Figures, the Ring-Bone and Curb. Fig. I, fhews the Fore-leg of a Horfe in a firaight Pofition. AA A, the Ring-Bone, or circular hard Swelling, round the Paftern-Joint. A Ring-Bone, has an Affinity to a Bone- The Ring- Spavin, and, for the moft part, proceeds from Bone has an the fame Caufes: For, as a Bone-Spavin ge- Affinity with nerally rifes from the Jundures of the fmall Bone Bones of the Hock, and derives its Nourifhment from the fame Supplies of Matter by which thefe are conjoined, fo the Ring-Bone, for the moft part, takes its Origin from the Jundure of the great and littlePaflern-Bones being laid together, only by a kind of Appofition, having but a flender Articulation, and with the fame kind of Cement, and in the fame manner in which all other Bones, that are not fuited to various Motions, become united. And this Mecha- nifm not only preserves the Paftern from being fo eafily broke, which might frequently hap- pen, if it was all one continued Bone, but gives a Spring to the Motion of a Horfe's Hind-feet, as the fmall Bones of. the Hock give a Spring to the Motion of the Leg; and therefore a Ring-Bone always caufes a Stiff- nefs in the Motion of the Paftern and Foot, and, i86 Of a Ring-hon'. and, wbhen it grows large afd hard, caufes Lannenelfs, cfpecialy when it falls down towards the Coffi:2-J Tnet. TheCaufeaf Thle eexternal Caufe of a Ring-Bo.n is often aRing-Bone. fr omn ,S-trains in the Pafgsrn, or hard Riding O'n dry Roads; or when the Paftern has been jar- red or wrung in deep Clay Roads, either -in Travelling, or at Grafs in pouchy Clay Grounds; thefe things ufually produce Ring- Bones; fome Horfes that are grofs and.honey about their Legs and Paflerns, are fubje& to Ring-Bones; but Sometimes it proceeds from a violent Strain, fhackling an unruly Horfe; or, if it be behind, by putting young Horfes too early on their Haunches in the Riding-S. 'ols; for, in that Attitude, a Horfe throws hi.rhole WVeight as much, if not more, upon his Paf& terns, than upon his Hocks. The Prog- When a Ring-Bone comes by any Accident noflics. See Vol. II upon a clean-limb'd Horfe, it is not fo dange- Chap. . . rous, as when it happens to Horfes that are grofs upon the Pafterns, that have large Bones, and are flefhy in thofe Parts; for when the Swel- ling is removed, the Stiffnefs often remains. A Ring-Bone that rifes upon the Paflern, is. eafily cured, when it does not run downwards towards the Coronet. The Ring-Bone that appears on Colts and young Horfes, fometimes wears off - of itfelf infenfibly, without the help of any Application; but when the Sub- tRance remains, there needs no other Remedy fBlifringe befides Bliflering, unlefs when, by long Con- fometimes . mcdr. tinuance, ts grown to a very obfinate Hard- In obftinate nefs, and then it may require both Bliftering Cafes Faing, and Firing. If the Swelling proceeds only from the Tendons and nervous Parts, which fometimes is not eafy to be diflinguifhed from a true Ring-Bone, except only that a true Ring-Bone is lefs painful, unlefs it proceeds from the, Coffin-Joint; in this Cafe Bliftering alone Of a Ring-Bone. 187 alone is generally fuccefsful : The mild Blifter prefcribed in the Cure of the Bone-Spavin, is See Bone- the molt proper, without any other Appalatus, P befides renewing it two or three Times, ac- cording to the Urgency of the Symptoms. If along with a Ring-Bone, there be a Id- pofition in the Legs to fwell, fome few Purges muft be given, and diuretic Drinks. " Take four Ounces of yellow Rofin, one A diuretic " Ounce of Sal Prunellw, grind them to-Driic gether in a Mortar; unrefified Oil of Ar- " ber, one Drachm; let thefe be mixed in a Quart of clean Forge-water, and the Horry kept fafting two Hours before and two " Hou .after. Then give himp cold Water, " and rsIe him moderately, the fame as in a Purge." But in a true- Ring-Bone, where the Sub-.Firing the fiance is hard like a piece of Flint, and alto- only Method to remove a gether infenfible, and without Pain, Firing is true Ring- the only thing to remove it; and the reafon Bone. why fome are fo apt to mifcarry in firing, is, becaufe they draw the Lines too fparfe, and only divide the Swelling, which before was one continued Subifance, into a great many lelfer ones, without removing the Stiffnefs or Lame- nefs that attends it. The only way therefore to fire a Ring-Bone fuccefsfully, is to perform the Operation with a thinner Initrument than what is common, and to make the Lines or Rafes not above a Quarter of an Inch diftant, and croffing them obliquely, fomewhat like a Chain, applying a mild Blifter over all; and when that is quite dried up, and before the Hair is grown, lay on the following Charge. as Take Ad Herniam, or Rupture Plaifter, An Ad Her- eight Ounces; yellow Rofin, and Bees-w-ax, for theRine 4' ofBonc. i83 Of Splents. cc of each three Ounces; melt them together, " and make a Charge, to be fpread over the "Paffcri-Joint, covering the Whole with Flax, or the Stuffings of an old Saddle, sowhich is as good as any thing for this " Purpofe." The fame Method is to be followed when the Ring-Bone falls towards the Coronet, or thv_ Coffin-Joint; for the lower End. of the Paficrn-Bone, being naturally fpungy and porous, is apt to produce fuch Swellings, efpe- cially in fome Conftitutions, which Swellings cannot b.e fo readily repreffcd and taken down by any other MXethod as by firing and cauftic Applications, which may be made all over the The drawing Coronet without any Danger. The fame of the Sole Charge bcing applied after bliftering and firing feldom fc- ._ cefsful in as before direded, fome, to prevent thefe Ac- F.ing-Bones. cidents, pull out the Sole; but this feldom fucceeds in a Ring-Bone, to any good Purpofe. S E C T. VII. Of Splents. Tbe 'Nature H E S E are hard Excrefcencies that grow and Caufe of . out on the Shank-Bone; they are of S Dients. various Shapes, and different Sizes; fome being large and forne fmall; fome being long and rigid, others round. When a fingle Splent rifes on one Side of the Bone, and another on the other Side oppofite to it, it is called a thorough Splent i or when the Swelling lies on the hind Part of the Bone, between it and the back Sinews, it obtains the fame Name, be- caufe it is fixed there, like a Wedge, and genes rally res.ches acrof. from Side to Side. Excpla- This page in the original text is blank. TAhyCI. V,01 2.,r 272. I -K -I"!A..I 1 .1 -W--, Of Splents. 89 Explanation of the Plate. Table XXIV. Reprefents in two differentExplanation Views of the fore Leg, the various kinds of of the Plate. Splents. Fig. I. The hinder or back Part of the fore Leg, to fhew a thorough Splent. A A. The Splent fituated between the Shank-Bone and the back Sinew, and appear- ing on both Sides thereof. Fig. 1I. The fore Leg fide-ways, to the the more ufual and ordinary kind of Splents. A. Splent under the Knee near the Joint. B. Splent on the middle and fore Part of the Shank-Bone, disfiguring the Leg. C. More dangerous Splent on the back Part of the Shank-Bone, near the Incertion of the back Sinew. Thofe Splents that appear on the Legs of Colts and young Horfes, often wear off and difappear of themfelves. But when a SplentfncurabI has been of fome Continuance, grown very cafe. hard, and the Skin altogether lofe over it, it is a Sign the Subftance is quite oflified, and then it will be almofi in vain to meddle with it. A Splent that rifes near the Middle of the Shank-Bone, or tho' it be higher, it is no ways dangerous, fo as to caufe Lamenefs, unlefs it Few sLaent be near the bending of the Knee; thofe that cners, unletp rife in the back Part of the Shank-Bone, when they partic- they grow large and prefs againfl the back pate with thc Sinew, always caufe Lamenefs and Stiffnefs in join Travelling, by rubbing againif that Sinew. Moft Splents put out from the Upper Apophifis of the Shank-Bone, at a pretty good Diftance from the Knee i fometinies on the outfide, fomet- I90 f Splenti. fornetime2 on th- infide, and fometimes on the Front or Spine of the Bone; but in a Manner that iar way otJits the Motions of the Knee. The Cure. As to the Cure of Splents, the ufual way is to rub the Splent with a round Stick, or the Handle of a Hammer, till it is almoft raw, and then touch it with Oil ofOriganum; fome ufe Oil of Vitriol, fome Tindure of Cantharides; others lay on a Plaiffer of Pitch, with a little Sublimate or Arfenic, to deftroy the Subifance; all which Methods have fometimes Succeeded, only that they are apt to leave a Scar,with theLofs of Hair, all therefore the Tindure of Cantha- rides is the moft harmlefs; but in many Cafes too weak to remove Splents. When Splents are new and only beginning to appear, the beft way is to bathe all the Small of the Leg with Vinegar, or old Veruice; thefe thihgs, by ftrengthening the Fibres, often put a Stop to their Growth; in fome Conftitu- tions, purging, and afterwards diuretic Drinks, made with Rofin, Sal Prunelle, and Smiths Forge-water, will be a great Means to remove the Humidity and Moifture about the Limbs, thpt often gives Origin to all fuch Excrefcencies; A Splent .t._If the Splent be near the Knee, and caufe neartheJointr menefss it muff be treated in the fame man- treated as a Bone-spavin. ner as a Bone-Spavin, by Bliftering and Firing all over it, and the Parts that are any ways affeded by it. Splents on the Back of the Shank-Bone, behind the back Sinew, are trouble- fome, and often with Exercife caufe the Sinew to fwell, they are the more difficult to cure; that they are covered with that Sinew, and with fome Branches of Blood-Veiels on each Side, where the Veins fometimes form Varixes, that are exceeding painful, by the frequent Fridions of the Splcnt upon them as often as the Hotfe is in Motion; the beft way is to bore the Splent This page in the original text is blank. TAB.ZXXV . 1701.2 ./w. 2 77. if,. 1 ZFe. I . I Of Windgals, &c. '9' Splent in feveral Places with an Iron not very Firing in hot,. avoiding the Veins and the back Sinew, fome Cafes and then firing all over the back Part of the Y. Leg in the common way like a Feather, not making the Lines very deep, but pretty clofe but, for the together, that a fufficient Portion of the Par- moft part, -BlIftering ticles of the Fire r-ay enter; neverthelefs, in more fafe and the firft Place, mild Bfifers, often repeated, fuccefsful. as recommended in the Cure of a Bone-Spavin, will anfwer beyond Expetation, without the Hazard of any ill Accident. S E C T. VIII. Of Windgals, and other flatulent or windy 'umours. A Windgal is a flatulent, windy Tumour, VWindgahse. A.17 which yields to the Preffure of the Finger, fcribet. recovers itfelf upon removing the Finger, and pufhes out as before, caufing an Elevation of the Skin, fo as to be plain and vifible to the Eye. The Explanation of the Plate. Table XXV. Reprefents in two Figures the feveral Kinds of WVindgals on the fore Legs. Fig. I. Shews the Windgals, or flatulent Turnours that appear on the fore Part of the Leg. A B. Two Windgals, that fometimes arife under each fide of the Knee. C. Windgal on the Shin, between two mufcular Tendons, a little above the Fetlock- Joint. Fig. II. The Windgals on the hind Part of the fore Leg, with an uncommon one above the Knee. 192 Of Windgals, &c. A. A large Windgal between the Tendons of the Mufcles above the Knee. B. A Windgal under the Knee behind. C C. The common and ufual Windgals on each fide the back Sinew. WVindgals are often feated on both Sides of the back Sinew, above the Fetlock, on the fore The Signs. Legs, but moft frequently on the hind Legs; they are quite lofe and unfixed, and exhibit the fame Signs wherever they are fituated, whether. in the Hocks, or above the Knees; thefe kind of Swellings are not confined to the lower Limbs only, but appear in divers Parts of the Body, wherever the Membranes can be fo feperated, that a Portion of Air and Serofities may be included within Duplicatures, and, for the moft part, without Pain. 'The Caufe of They are ufually caufed by riding on very Windgals. hard Roads, or on dry, hilly Grounds, which, by keeping them very much upon the Stretch, feperates the Membranes fo as to give admiffion to the Air; Sometimes travelling Horfes when they are too young, before their Limbs are grown firm and nervous, will bring Windgals. Prognoffics. When Windgals come on the hind Legs they never caufe Lamenefs; but fuch Horfes are often ftiff behind after Riding. When they come on the fore Legs, they always make a Horfe go lame at firif, but afterwards that Tendernefs goes off in a great Meafure, and they feldom go lame but tihf, and inclinable to fRumble. Thefe Windgals and flatulent Swel- lings that come in the Sinuofities, are always troublefome, and are a very great Disfigure- ment, and unlefs they are very fpeedily pre- -vented, will entail incurable Lamenefs: At firft they are but fmawll but in Time grow to the Of Windgals- 193 the Size of Pullets Eggs, and pufh out on each fide the Hollow of the Hock. But thofe Windgals and Flatulencies that Young proceed from the natural Weaknefs of theHorfes often Limbs, are not curable unlefs the Conifitution thefelnfirow can be altered; and therefore we fee fome mitics. Horfes fubje&t to thofe Infirmities when they are young, get the better of it when they come to Maturity. Windgals that do not proceed from Weak- The Method to prevent nefs, but are owing to Hard-riding, or the Windgals. other Caufes abovementioned, are more eafily prevented, than cured; for, tho' few Horfes go lame with Windgals, yet they always dif- figure the Part. where they are fituated; and therefore young Horfes of Value ought not to travel much, especially with a heavy Weight, before they come to their Strength. If they fwell about the Paflerns, and the Swelling does not afcend towards the Knee, but with a Fulnefs on each fide the Back-Sinew, it is to be fufpeIed the Windgals are bleeding; to prevent which, bathe the Part rell, twice a Day, with Vinegar or Verjuice. Oak-Bark, or Pomegranate-Bark, boiled A reftringent in Vinegar or Verjuice; may be ufed at Drecoeont Difcretion, by wringing out woollenCloths Windgals. " foked in this Dccofion, and binding them " about the Part while the Horfe fltands in the Stable, and renewed once a- Dav which greatly contributes to ftrengthen his Limbs, " when there appears to be a more than or- " dinary Relaxation. Alfo Wine-Lees may " be ufed in the fame manner, and will be of good Service." When Windgals are grown very full and large, that they feel like Kernels, or relaxed Siiicw,: If thefe be in the Hind-legs, it is C) fcarce 1 94 Of a Blood-Spatin. The Cure of (carce worth while to meddle with them; but obftinate when they are fituated on the Fore-legs, as they are apt to make a Horfe trip and fTumble, or at leaft to be very flifF after Ri- ding, the Cure may be attempted by mild Blilfers. Some pierce them with an Awl, which often renders them more obftinate; but Bliffering, often repeated, always has a good Effe&l, and Sometimes will fucceed beyond Ex- pelation, in the windy flatulent Tumours in the Hocks; but then it requires to be repeated, at times, for the fpace of a Year or more, working the Horfe as ufual, in all the Inter- See the DUif- vals. A little of the bliftering Ointment fhould tering Oint- be laid on every other Day, for one Week, C,or:f a which brings a plentiful Difcharge of Serofi- Done-Spavin. ties; and, when they are dried up, which ge- nerally happens in a few Days, the Horfe may go to his ufual Work for three Weeks, or a Month; after which the Blifering may be re- newed at any convenient Seafon. Firing is, indeed, more expeditious, being but one tingle Operation, which is feldom or never repeated; Irring ufeful but Firing not only leaves its Tokens behind Of die cure it, but, for the moft part, makes an imperfe6t Cure. The only good Effe& obtained by it is this, that it flops the Increafe of the Malady, and renders a Horfe more ufeful than he was be- fore the Operation. S E C T. IX. Of a Blood-Spavin. The Blood- A Blood-Spavin is a Swelling and Dilatation Spavin de- I of the Vein, that takes its courfe along kribed. the Infide of the Hock, forming a little foft Tumour in the hollow Part thereof. The Swel- ling Of a Blood-Spavin. 1 95 ling is ufually no bigger than a large Walnut, but more flat. It is foft and yielding to the Touch, as the other Veins, and often at- tended with Weaknefs and Lamenefs in the Hock. Table XXII, reprerents in two Figures of Explanation the Hind-leg, the Blood-Spavin and Bone- of Fig. I. of Spavin. Blood - Spa- Spavin. vin, fhewn in Fig. I. A, fhews the Infide of the Hock, Tab. XXI. with the Varix, or Blood-Spavin, as the ob- Sea. 1Il. of ftru&ed Veins appear in that Diftemper. SBpan This Malady is properly a Varix, and is the Effea of Wounds, Bruifes, and other Acci- dents. But, for the moft part, it is owing to thefe concurring Caufes, viz. an uncommon The CaufoCs Largenefs of the Veins, which difpofes to Weaknefs in the Limbs. The Vein where the Varix is feated, not paffing in a ftraight Courfe, but with a Contortion or Winding, especially when two of the larger inferior Branches meet together near the Hollow, and there enter the great Mafter-vein of the Hind- leg; this forms the largeft Varix, or Blood- Spavin, and of fuch fort as moft of all difpofes to Lamenefs, and a Horfe always grows the more lame, the longer he is kept in Exer- cife. When a Blood-Spavin proceeds from a Strain The Cure in the Hock, it ought only to be treated with of a Blood- Coolers and Repellers, which often cure with- Spavin. out further Helps. The following Fomenta- tion is the moft proper. " Take Biftort-Root and Solomon's-SeaI, of A reffringent " each a Handful; Oak-Bark andPomegranate- cooling Fo. S . . .- mfentatWo. Bark, cut or bruited, of each an Ounce; Roche-Allum, an Ounce and a half; boil thefe 0 2isn 196 Of a Blood-Spavin. c in two Quarts of Vinegar or old Verjuice; " and bathe the Horfe's Hock with it very of- " ten; the beft way is to dip woollen Cloths " in the Fomentation, and wring them out as " hot as poflible, and apply them round the Hock." This refiringent Fomentation is not only proper to prevent a Blood-Spavin, but in all Weakneffes of the Joints will do great Service, efpecially to ftrengthen the Limbs of Colts and young Horfes, that have been put early to Bu- finefs. The Manner But if either the Strudure or Situation of of taking up the Veins in the Hock, are fuch as admits of the Vein. no Diminution, the beft way is to take up the Vein by opening the Skin the whole Length, then paffing a crooked Needle underneath the Vein, a little way below the Swelling. The Needle fhould be armed with a wax'd Thread, doubled, with which the Vein is to be tied. The fame Operation may be alfo performed a little way above the Swelling, and the turgid Part of the Vein will come away by Digeftion, when the Ligature rots off. After taking up the Vein, the Part fhould be drelfed with a good Digeftive, viz. A digeltive " Turpcntine and Honey, of each two Ointment. " Ounces; Spirit of Wine, a fufficient Quantity " to make it of a proper Confiftence, which " is milder than the Oil of Turpentine, and " renders it more proper in this Cafe, while " the Wound is digefting." The Current of the Blood being cut off by this Operation, will gradually enlarge the neighbouring Igranches, and by that means keep up its Communication, fo as to fupply the Limb with its proper Support and Nourilh- ment, and by that time the Threads ares rotted ofF, Of a Blood-Spavzn. off, and the Wound clofed, will arrive to a to- lerable degree of Strength. There is another Sort of Blood-Spavin which is more dangerous, when, along with the Spavin, there are alfo Flatulencies and Puffs in the Hocks. This is very common; yet, not- withftanding, maybe recovered, without taking up the Vein, by fuch reftringent Fomentations as the laft inferted, which often fucceeds with young Horfes, and with right and well-timed Exercife, and a clean drying Diet, recover them to their Strength; but, in the other Cafes nothing is to be done without firft taking up the Vein; and afterwards following the Method already laid down for the Cure of Windgals, and other flatulent Tumours, as Bliftering and Firing, applying a ftyptic Plaifter or Charge made of the Rupture-Plaifter, two Parts, and one Part of Diachylon, or De MAinio, to render it lefs brittle, which is neceffary here, becaufe the Motion will make it crumble off. But when the Rupture-Plaifter cannot be had, the following may be fubifituted in its Room. " Take Diachylon Plaifler, or De MAlini, c c the red or the brown, two Pounds; Pitch, ij half a Pound; melt them together in a Pip- E c kin, and when the whole is melted, ffir in- s ," to the Mixture an Ounce of fine Armenian " Bole, which tafles acid, and an Ounce of Dyers Gall." This may be applied Chargewife, and will anfwer all the famne Purpofes. 03 SECT. 197 A Care wherein Blood- Spavin is dangerous. Itrengthen. rig C'largc proper in Blood- Spavins. 193 Of We ns. S E C T. X. Of Wiens. wens de- EN S are fleihy Subifances that grow Scribed. VY out almofl on all Parts of the Horfe's Body. They often proceed from Bruifes or Strains, and Sometimes from Accidents that are ninute and imperceptible, beginning ufually in the Skin, where the Veffels are extremely fmall, which enlarging gradually, by a conti- nual Afflux to the difeafed Part, in time grow to a confiderable Size. Explanation Table XXVI, hews the Wens and Tumours, f the Plate. to which fome Horfes are fubjea about their Hocks. Fig. I. A, a large Wen, as it- appears on the Heel of the Hock. Fig. II. A, B, C, Windgals, or flatulent Tumours, that arife in the hollow Parts of the Hock. Tbe Caufe of All true Wens are contained in a Cyffis or Wens. Bag, which rites from the ruptured Velhels formed by the flow Advances it makes, and inclofes the whole Subflance, increafing both in its Thicknefs and Size, as the Wen in- creafes; and this is the Reafon why Wens can never be cured, unlefs the Cyff or Capfula be alfo deftroyed. But as we are follicitous to have every the leaft Deformity removed from our Horfes, as foon as any fuch appears, therefore when a preternatural Swelling arife; on any Part, Trial V firft made to difflbve it; and if that cannot be TAB. IXXIVII. Vol 2 X9. 11 . &. 292. r .I. I This page in the original text is blank. Of Wens. 199 be done, it is cut off, or elfe deffroyed with a Cauffic. When Wens are pendulous, and hang by a Pemdulou (mall Root, the beft way to extirpate them, is Wcns. by tying them with a waxed Packthread, or a HaIr-line, making the Ligature or Tje tighter by degrees, till the Subitance falls off. It may be healed with a common Digeftive, made of Honey and Turpentine; or by bathing it fre- quently with Spirit of Wine, or Tinature of Myrrh. But when a Wen is broad towards its Bot- Of a ven tom,, and has feveral Origins like Cords or thtrdi rtsd Strings, it is Sometimes the fafeft way not to Infertion. meddle with it. If the Cure is pra6ticable, it muft be done by Excifion or Cauffic. The firft Drefling muf be with dry Tow, and af- terwards with a common Digestive of Honey and Turpentine. IX proud fungous Flefh arife, it is to be dreffed with Turpentine mixed with red Precipitate, viz. Two Drachms of Precipitate, ground fine, The Metho6 to two Ounces of Turpentine; and where itof Cure, requires mofl, the Sore or Ulcer may be ftrowed with Powder of Precipitate, or with Precipitate and burnt Allum in Powder, of each equal Quantities. And if ftronger Efcharotics be required, " Equal Quantities of blue Vitriol, and red ff Precipitate, may be ufed; or the Ulcer may " be touched with a Feather or Pencil dipped " in Butter of Antimony, efpecially if it looks " cancerous." Wens on the Horfes are Sometimes fubje&l to Swellings on Heels of the the Heel of the Hock, and likewife on the Point Hock and of the Elbow, which the French and Italians call EHlorfes fof Capelets, and are ranked among the Wens, the noft part becaufe they have forne of the fame Qualities owing to 0 4 and Brelows and 200 Of Wens. and Refemblances, viz. they often rife to a con-i fiderable Bulk, are feldom painful but when they inflame and fuppurate, and are often en-' cyfted as Wens, and are much of the fame kind of Contents. However, daily Experience fhews us, that thofe on the Hock or Elbows are ow- ing to Blows or other Accidents, and when but flighty hurt, may be cured by bathing the ag- Coolers and grieved Part with Vinegar or old Verjuice, Repellers mixed with a little Bole. Thofe Swellings that phefe Cains rife on the Point of the Elbow, fomietimes pro- ceed from a Horfe's ftriking, the Toe of his Hind- foot againif his Elbow in lying down, efpe- cially where his Standing happens to be narrow and fhort; and Sometimes they meet with fuch Accidents where the Pavement is flippery, and for want of fuficient Litter; for by that means Florfes may eafily rub and bruife their Elbows. When thefe Tumours come by Accidents, we find the Swelling generally upon one Limb; fome Impreflion is often made on the Skin, which fhews it has come by a Stroke or Bruife; but when it rifes on both Sides, viz. on both Heels, or on both Elbows, and from a fmall Begillningr rifes flowly, and by degrees, we may then fufpet the Blood and Juices inl fault, which ought always to be regarded by thofe who un- dertake the Cure of fuch Maladies. lxplanation Table XXVII, Reprefents a large Wen on of the Plate. the Elbow of a Horfe, mark'd A. Wens on the Capelets on the Elbow or Heel of the Hock, Hocks and are feldorn fo perfedly cured as not to leave a, Elbows are Blemiih: If they proceed from Blows and Con- Coolers and tufions, the fame Method is to be followed that Repellers in has been laid down for the Cure of all fuch Acci- t Big.n- dents by Coolers and Repellers, fuch as Vine- gar, or old Verjuice, mixed with Bole. Thefe Applications abate fuch Swellings in the Be- mpning, V'Z. a-.X. 293. TAB . XXI. I This page in the original text is blank. Of Wens. 201 ginning without further Trouble, and in time remove them. But when the Veffels are broke, and Juices When pro_ extravafate, they generally come to Suppura- per to bk tion, which may be forwarded by anointing with Dialthaa, or Ointment of Marfh-mal- lows; and if the Thicknefs of the Skin hinder or retard their breaking, they may be opened with a Lancet, or Incifion-knife, in fome de- pendent Part, towards one Side, and not be- hind, which is better in this Cafe than open- ing by Cauffic, becaufe as little as pofible of the Skin (hould be deftroyed. When the Matter is all difcharged, the Ableefies may be dried up, which may be done with foft Dolfils of Lint dipt in a Mixture, viz. c Of common Turpentine, Honey, and Tindfure of Myrrh; and, in cafe of proud " Flefh, with the Affiftance of Precipitate finely ground, Vitriol, burnt Allum, or fuch " like," " Bathe the Part with Spirits of Wine and Vinegar, equal Parts, in about an eighth " Part of Oil of Vitriol, which will perfeat " the Cure." The Capelets and Swellings on the Heel of How to be of the Hock, Iometimes have a Tendency to orderedvhen drop downwards into the Limbs; the beft way the Swellingi then is to rowell and purge; and when the ward. Purging is quite over, give diuretic or Jfaling Drinks made with clean Forge-water as above prefcribed, which will effedtuate the Cure. " Afterwards, bathing often with fharp Vri- negar, or Verjuice, will ftrengthen the Part, " and prevent a Relapfe." But 202 Concerning Wounds. See Vol. I. Chap. xI. The true Manner of 1 jtchinc, them. Of Wounds. But when they do not adhere to the Pirocef& of the Elbow of the Hock, but may be' pulled out, and have nothing but a fmall neck of Skin behind them, the furef: and fpeedieff Cure, is to extirpate them quite with a fharp Infirument. CH AP. XI. SECT. I. Of Wo unds. N the Cure of Wounds, the firft Intention is always to Itop the Bleeding with dry Dreflings of Tow and Lint, if there be an Hemorrhage, in Places where the Veffels are large; for in finall fuperficial Wounds Nature alone often makes the Cure without any Help. If the Wound be large, or in any Place where it will be likely to leave an ugly Scar, fuch a Wound ought to be flitched, provided the Part will allow it. The beft manner of ftitching a large deep Flefh-Wound, is with a crooked Needle, paffing it underneath fo as to encom- pafs the whole Wound, and entering the Flefh at a Diftance from the Lips, almoft equal to the Depth, otherwife the Stitches will be apt to cut through the Flefhi, and while the Lips are drawn clofe together, a Hollownefs is left at bottom, where the Matter will be lodged to do Mifchief, and for this Purpofe proper Needles may be had at the Surgeons Inftru- ment-makers, and no where elfe: Waxed Thread is better than Silk, becaufe it more eafily rots, and does not fo readily cut the Flefh i- Silk. The Needle fhould be pafed under the Boters eof the XV-und, as has been faid; one Stitch Of Wounds. 20; Stitch is fufficient for a Wound two or three Inches long; for in larger Wounds that re- quire more Stitches, they may be made about ani Inch diftant from each other, or at a greater Diftance, if the Wound be deep. Wounds on the prominant Parts, as the Hips, or acrofs fome of the larger Mufcles, are the moft apt to burif their Stitches, efpecially in lying down and rifing up in their Stalls; and therefore in all fuch Cafes,the Lips fhould never be drawn clofe together, but left a little open Cautions. for a free Difcharge, and by fo doing, prevent bad Accidents, and the Scar will be lefs dif- figured, and when the Stitches break, and leave the Wound all notched and full of crofs Lines, and therefore it is better to avoid Stitching, unlefs their Lips are very open and gaping, which makes it unavoidable; or when they are lacerated and torn, and then they ought to be done with great Care, fo as to make the lacerated Parts to be indented, as near as poffible, into their proper Situation: This Caution concern- ing Stitching, is ffill more neceffary, in Wounds that enter the Cavities of the Body, or even in fame of the flefhy Parts, fo as to endanger deep Abfcefles between the Mufcles, or where they reach the Joints, or other nervous Parts ; for thefe ihould always be kept open with a Pledget or Doffil, armed with fome good Di- geftive, fuch as the following, viz. I' A Mixture of Honey, Turpentine, and Good D;- Tin6ture of Myrrh, or a Pledget dipped in geflives. Tindure of Myrrh and Aloes." The Tents or Doffils made ufe of to Wounds Tents an'; s s " rs sr 1 n hard Doflitc ought to be foft and loofe, and as fhort as dangeror u poflible; for long Tents often breed Abfceffes, See Vol. ILe and finuous Ulcers, foul the Bones and Sinews P- 3Je ifl Wounds of the Joints, or any Place near thciin - 204 Contufed Wounds on the Joints. PunEttred Wounds on the Joints. Of AWomnds. them: And even when Tents or Doflfls are made hard, and cramm'd into Flefh-Wounds, which is very frequently done for want of Judg- ment, they become as a Pea to an IfIuic, keep it always open, fo as not only to retard the Cure, by hindering its filling up, hut often is the Caufe of a bad Cure by breeding Callofities, and other untowardly Accidents. Wounds near the Joints feldom need any thing more than flat Pledgets; if a Wound be deep, and does not reach inwards towards the Bones, a counter Opening into its Bottom may be proper, to prevent an Abfcefs, at the fame time avoiding the larger Veffels that might caufe an Hemorrhage of Blood. But when florfes break their Knees by falling down, or when they cut or over-reach, in all fuch Cafes a Pledget, or Tow, or Lint, fpread over with common Digefive, and bound on with a Roller of broad Tape or Lift, and bathing with Spirits of Wine, will feldom fail of a fpeedy Cure, unlefs a Horfe be alfo greas'd, and then it muff be treated as fuch. If any little Abfceffes be form'd under the Skin, thefe may be fnipp'd with a Pair of Probe-Sciffars, that no Lodginent may be left, where the Mi\atter may lie to corrode the Ligaments; but in the Kntee, and all the other Joints, Care mult be had to prevent Inflammation or Fluxion, or to abate thofe Symptoms, if they are already begun, by ufe of proper Fomentations; which, however, is more frequent in pundured Wounds, that have come by Thorns or fmall Splinters, or other very fmall Inifruments, than inWounds that are larger. Some Horfes have been in very great Agony with Pundures on their Knees, Hocks, or Pafterns, and fometimes with contus'd Wounds that have been alto- gether dry, without the leaft Sign of a Di- geftion; Of "ounds. 205 .geftion; but thefe, tho' in themfelves dangerous, were generally relieved by the following Fo- mentation: -'' Take Wormwood and Southernwood, of " each two Handfuls; Camomile Flowers,,A cigelli one Handful; Bay Berries, and Juniper Ber- LA " ries bruifed, of each an Ounce; crude Sal a Armoniac, and Pearl-Afhes, or Pot-Affies, " of each two Ounces; boil in three Quarts of Spring-water to two Quarts; to evreq- Quart when you are to ufe it, add a Pint of retify'd Spirits of W'ine." Make fo much of the Decoffion, fcalding hot, as is necefrary, generally about a Quart, to which add the Spirit of Wine, for once fo- menting, wringing the woollen Cloths in theFomenttio Liquor as dry as poflible, and applying them of fingular five or fix Times alternately, one after another, Ufe in as often as they begin to cool; which may be See vol. IS, done Morning or Evening, or oftener, till-theChap. z Wounld begins to digeft: When the leaff Drop of white or clear Matter appears, upon the ufe of Fomrentations in VWournds of the Joints or Sinwws, the Danger is generally ovter. This Method is found by Experience, to be the heft and nmoft fccefsful in all contufed Wounlds, or Punures upon the Joints, on the Sinews, or the Coats of the Blood-Veffels, efpecially when the N-eck, or the Plate-Vein fwell afte: bleeding; and for Rowells, when they have a difpofitioli to gangrene, and in all Cafes where a Mortification is threatened, which generally is ftopp'd by the frequent ufe of them. The Neck-Vein has been often Idwved by the frequent ufe of them. They, tiftially bring a plentiful Dfcharge, and need no other Drefling, but to llrew a little Precipitate and burnt Allim in fine Powder, upon the wounded Vein when proube Flefh arifes, to deftroy thlla. zil- prevent its chuki i u Ip zh11. (P)'Li Qi 0r 206 Of Burns. To prevent The common Method when a Subtlance fefteding aftergrows on the Neck, by feftering after bleeding, and want of a fufficient Vent for the Matter, is to put in a Cauftic of Roman Vitriol, and fometimes a little corrofive Sublimate orArfenic, which, with the falling out of the Efchar, brings a plentiful Difcharge, and often makes a Cure only with the Lofs of theVein; but this Me- thod frequently fails, and leaves a large Swelling, which extends upwards towards the Ear, caufing frefi Impoftumations; and there is nothing fo proper as Fomentations to remove thefe Symp- toms, and they are never known to fail of Succels. S E C T. Of Burns. II. B URNS occafioned by Gun-powder, or happening by any other Means, are apt to engender Fungufles, proceeding from the un- common Heat in Inflammations raifed by the ioAcnt EffeEts of the Fire, there is nothing Letter than the Application of common Salt, if it be laid on the Burn immediately before it has had time to inflame; it ought to be laid on at leaft two Inches thick, if it be poflible, and bound upon the Part. It may be continued twelve Hours, during which Time, care muft be taken to renew it in cafe it fhould come offi. ThIs holas fo good an Effcd as to prevent Blifters rifirng; and the Sores in very deep Burns, after the Removal of the Salt, are presently mitigated, and foon healed, only by bathing two or three Days with relify'd Spirits of Wine. The fanim Cure may alfo be effeled by bathino the Part irmlmediately, with firong ze6fify 'd Spirits of Wiile, continuing to renew it The Cure. Of Burns. it for the Space of an Hour or longer. Saline and fpirituous Applkations, excel all other things' in Burns al Scalds. An Embrocation made of Sope, Salt, and redify'd Spirits of Wine, will -be found to anfwer the End much better, than by laying it on by way of Cata- plafm; all Coolers and unctuous Things are for the moft part hurtful in fuch Cafes; daily Ex- perience lews that great Mifchief is done by them; however, if the Swelling be very great and much inflamed, great Relief may be had from Bread-poultices made with Milk and Elder Flowers; and if after this an ill Difpo- fition appears in the Sores, with hot watery Funguf'es, which is ufual when the Fire has penetrated very deep, the only Method to make a Cure. " Take an Ounce of yellow Bafilicon, and two Drachms of Precipitate, finely ground, " that there remain no glittering; mix them " together, and fpread on Pledgets of Tow, fuf. " ficient to cover the Sore, and its Edges, and "c every Timne the Sores are drefled to bathe " with Spirits of Wine or Rum, or any other ftrong Spirituous Application." This Method will foon abate all bad Symp- toms, and make a fpeedy Cure. The Unguen- tum D19pompholygos, or Mr. Chefelden's Ointment of Lapis Caliminaris, is likewife of great Ufe to cicatrize Burns, and all humid Ulcers, when the Fungu&5s are deflroyed. C H A P. 207 Offrnple Ulcers, C H A P. XII. Of Ulcers. TIVCaufe MS' Ulicers. A L T H O U G H properly an Ulcer is that kind of Sore, which proceeds from a vitiated Blood; yet all kind of Sores are alfo reckoned Ulcers, when they degenerate and contrad an ill Difpofition, whether they take their Origin from an internal or external Ma- lady; fo that they are of various Kinds, and owing to different Caufes, as Wounds, Bruifes, and other Accidents, ill-treated or negledled; and likewife to the Depravity of the Blood and Juices, which at firft produce Tumours, and thefe in the End turn to Ulcers, of which Kind are the Poll-evil, Fiflula, Navel-gall, Quitters, Grappy-Heels, Farcy Sores ; and others, where the Blood and Juices are depraved. Some Ulcers are alfo internal, in the Lungs, the Liver, and the Kidneys; and fome are among the Joints and Ligaments. S E C T. I. Of /imple Ulcers. The Prog- I M P L E and fuperficial Ulcers on the Skin baffiCS. are no ways dangerous, efpecially when the Blood is not in fault ; but, when the Edge rifes above the. Surface, and grows callous, they require fome tine before they can be brought fmooth, and fit to be cicatriz'd. A fingle and varicous Of Ulere. . 09 varicous Ulcer may be eafily healed and cica- triz'd, and is no ways dangerous. A fimple Ulcer feldom needs any other Me- The Methods thou, than to wafh it with Spirits of Wine, of curing and then drefs it with Pledgets, fpread with Ulcers. Turpentine and Honey; if there be an Itching, See Vol. I. with little Pimples, mix with every four Ounces P 31 of the Digeftive, one Drachm of Verdegreafe in very fine Powder, and apply it once a Day, or once in two Days, if the Running be fmall: If little Papilla or Pimples arife in the bottom of the Ulcer, of a faint red Colour, let your Dreffing be miked with Precipitate, viz. A Drachm of Precipitate in line Powder, to every two Ounces of the Digeffive. If the Ulcer be deep, and does not fill up in a kindly manner, as happens to fome Con- flitutions ; " Take common Turpentine, four Ounces; Digelrve a mix it with the Yolks of two Eggs, and in- Ointment f "4 corporate them well together; then add half an Ulcers. " Ounce of Myrrh, two Drachms of MaPlich, in fine Powder, and a fufficient Quantity of Tindure of Myrrh, to bring it to a due Con- " fiflence." The Ulcer may be drefled every other Day with this Digeftive, wafhing it firi' with Spirits of Wine, or Tiniurc of Myrrh. " The common Bafilicon, made of Pitch, Other exterm Rofin, and Bees-wax, with Oil inflead ofnal Remc- Hogs Lard, will be proper to incarn thefe '8 i Ulcers, and fill them up where there is a poor weak Blood." The common yellow Bafilicon, or the Un- guentum Aureuin, or Golden Ointment, will do the fame, any of thefe will help to fill up thofe P Ulcers 210 X Of Ulcers. Ulcers that are difficult to incarn, or fill up with Flefh, especially if proper Things at the fame time be adminiered inwardly, to render the Horfe's Blood more Balfarnic, viz. to be given cc Take Antimony and Gum Guaiacum, of inwardly. IC each equal Quantitits, in Powder, divided cc into Ounce Dofes; let one of thefe be given " every Day in the Horfe's Feed." Let his Diet be good and nourifhing, and let him often have Water-gruel to drink. Outward On the other hand, when an Ulcer fills up Drcffings. too faft, and breeds fungous Flefh, it may be repreffred with red Precipitate, and burnt Allurn in fine Powder, of each equal Quantities; or with Precipitate mixed with Bafilicon. If the Fungus be rank and fthbborn, the Ulcer may be dreffed with Lint and Tow dipped in Vitriol Water, then wrung out dry, and laid to the Ulcer. If the Edges be callous, and make a Brim round the Ulcer, Precipitate Dreffings always do the beft; for which Purpofe, A fine Preci- Take either the black or yellow Bafilicon, pitate Dref- cc four Ounces ; Oil of Turpentine, one fing for the s Ounce; mix thefe together, and then add ]Edges of C Ulcers. " three Drachms, or half an Ounce of red Precipitate in fine Powder." This more This is to be fpread on Pledgets of Tow, fuccersful which fhould- be large enough to cover all the than Cutting Brims of the Ulcer: This Method will fuc- or Burning. ceed better with Horfes than either cutting the callous Edges, or burning them down with Cauftics, or the atual Cautery. It is indeed fomewhat flower, but more fare, not being fo apt to inflame, which inftead of deftroying the Callofities, frcquently brings a frefh Flux of Humiours, and renders thefe Ulcers more ob- linate, and liable to frelh Funguffes, and other Accidents, than they were before. S EC T. Of the Glanders. 211 S E C T. II. Of the Glanders. H E Glanders is a malignant Ulcer, form- TheGlanders ed in the Infide of the Nofe of a Horfe, defcribed. See new among the Glands that ferve to difcharge Im- Treatire, purities, or other Superfluous Matter from the p. 332. Head and Lungs, and is generally accompanied with a Swelling of the Kernels under the Jaws. The Matter difcharged is, for the moft part, either yellow or greenifh, or tinged with Blood; and when Horfes have been long glandered, that the Bones and Griftles are grown foul, the Matter then turns to a blackilh Colour, and becomes very fe-etid and finking; and this is what ufually paffes for the Murrain of the Chine, from a miftaken Notion of Corruption and Putrefac'tion of the Brain and Spinal Marrow. The moft common and ufual Kind does not The Signx. proceed from any Caufe fo much as a bad Dif- pofition of the Blood, which (hews itfelf by a lwelling of the Glands under the Jaw Bones, and a Running at the Nofe, without any other vrifible Symptom of Sicknefs or Difeafe. The Signs are firi, a fmall Swelling of the Gland or Kernel, adhering clofe to the Jufide of the upper Part of the Jaw-Bone, with a Running of a dulky yellow or greenifh Matter from the Noftril on the fame Side, the other being generally exceeding dry; fometimes the Running at the Nofe comes before the Swelling, and fome- times the Kernel rifes clofe to the Jaw-Bohe, fixed and irnmoveable, and grows to a pretty large Size before the Running begins to appear. A glander'd Holfe feldom coughs, or has any of the ufual Symptoms of a Cold; but in every other Refped appears healthy and found. This Diffemper is always dangerous, and Prognoftip, feldom cured; except when it comes upon a Ple- thora or fullnefs of Blood, the Cure may be P 2 more 212 Of the Poll-EvIl. more eafy; at leaft fome Trial may be made, The Glanders that come by Infedion, bid fairer for a Cure, than when it is the Effea of a long continued Habit. Cautions ne- The Glanders is looked upon as the moft ceffary to infedtious of all other Maladies, therefore the porevbent a beft way is immediately to remove fuch Horfes infeced. as foon as discovered; for the firft and principal Care ought to be, to feperate them from all others that are found to avoid Danger. Thefe following Cautions are alfo necefflary, viz. all the Litter where a glander'd Horfe has ftood ought to be taken away, the Stable thoroughly cleaned; the Manger and Rack-Rfaves all fcraped and fcalded with hot Sope-fipds, and then wafhed with Water, wherein Tobacco has been fteeped, the Standing fumed with burning Pitch, Sulphur, or any other com- buftible Matter; and the Stable Doors and Windows kept open till they have been fuffi- ciently aired. Their Hoods, Cloathing, and all other Appurtenances, removed and cleaned, or burnt. Thefe Precautions are not only ne- ceffary in the Glanders, but in all Diftempers See Vol. II that are epidemical. The moft efficacious Me- Chap. 1z. dicines for the Glanders are, Balls made of Cin- nabar of Antimony, Gum Guaiacum, Myrrh, Saffron, and Caftile Sope; and Sometimes Drinks of Guaiacum Rhaponticum, Dock-root, boil'd in Spring-water, and Sometimes in Lime-water; and to heal the Rawnefs and Erofion on the Infide of the Nofe, ufe an Injedion of Vinegar, Spirits of Wine, and Mel Egyptiacum. The Po"IJ- EvilI, its Defcl ipt lon and Situa- 71;C.3. S E C T. III. Of the Poll-Evil. T SHE Poll-Evil is an Abfcefs near the Poll of a Horfe, formed in the Sinus's be- tween the Noli-Bone and the uppermoft Ver- tebrx of the Neck. Tab. This page in the original text is blank. T1'AIL IXV. A2.1.,2 4 d. 4A4I I - , -, 1-1111, 4;,, II- ir Of the PollEAIit. 213 Table XXVIII, represents the Poll-Evil. Explanation of the Plate. A. A large Swelling behind the Poll. BR. The Matter running from the Orifice on the Top of the Poll, where it ufually breaks. The Caufes are various. Sometimes it pro- The Caufb ceeds from Blows and Bruifes in the Poll, which of the Poll- afterwards felters; and either through a Fault Evil. in the Blood, or from Negle&1, turn to the Poll-Evil-; fomnetimes by being hurt with the Collar, efpecially when it happens to be new, and is made of very thick ftif' Leather, where the Edges of the Ear-band are fharp; and where the Blood happens to abound with acid Salts, the leaft Irritation with fuch things creates a painful Itching, which is often accompanied with a Swelling and Impofihumation. Some- times the Poll-Evil comes by ifraining the Mufcles and Ligaments of the Neck in draw- ing heavy Loads. But that which truly con- Ritutes the Poll-Evil, generally proceeds from one or other of thefe Caufes; either fome vio- lent Fever, which caffs it off critically upon the Poll; or from a Decline, when old Horfes are worn out with hard Fare and hard Labour, or froin Surfeits. When a Horfe fwells on his Poll, by reafon Prognol1cs of a Blow or a Bruife, it may be eafily cured, and Cure. and the Poll-Evil prevented, only by faftening back the Ear-band of the Collar, fo that it may not prefs upon the Part, and bathing it two or three times a Day with warm Vinegar, or old Verjuice; and, if the Hair be fretted off with an oozing througb the Skin, ufe two Parts Vinegar, and one Part reftified Spirits of Wine; by this- Method it may be prevented from turning to a Poll-Evil.But if there be an-Itching and Increafe of the Swelling, with F 3 Heat 214 Of the Poll-Evil. Heat and Inflammation, the fafeft way is firfi to bleed, and to apply Bread-Poultices made with Milk and Elder-Flowers, once or twice a Day, till the Heat and Itching are gone, and the Swelling abated. This Method, with the help of Phyfic, will generally prevent fuch Swellings turning to the Poll-Evil. Ripening But when the Tumour has all the Signs of POulEices Ripening, and turning to an Impofthume, in proper, that Cafe, neither Bleedino, nor Purging is ne- ceffary, but may rather prove hurtful; and the beft Method is to bring it forward as foon as poffible, with Poultices made of Rye-Flour, Oat-meal, or Barley-meal, at firft very thick, and then made into a proper Confiftence with Ointment of Marfh-mallows, or Hogs Lard and Oil of Turpentine; but the Marfh-mallow Ointment is the beft. The be1t way When the Tumour is ripe, and full of Mat- istolet te ter, if it does not break of itfelf, it muft be Tulmor ripen and break-ofopenedi but it is fafer and better when it itfelf. breaks of itfelf, for then it is much eafier to come to the Source, than when it is opened; and the Notions that many have conceived, of the Matter corroding the Parts, by lying too long undifcharged, is not fo well grounded; for it feldom does more in the time it remains, than to bring a Slough from the Tendons of the Mufcles, which is always neceffary to re- lieve the Pain and Anguifh of the tendinous Parts, as the ordinary Matter of a Boil or Phlegmone is, to relieve the membranous and more flefhy Parts, and renders the Cure, in Cauwions the end, more eafy and expeditious. WVhen it hcow and has been emptied once or twice, by moderate when to fqueezing, or fo often as to give Eafe, for, open It by the Pofition of the Matter, and the Man- ner of its Lodgment, it will always fill a- gain; it may then be laid open, where.- in care fhould be taken to keep as much as Of the Poll-Evil. 215 as poflible the Dire6lion of the Mufcles, and avoid cutting the tendinous Ligament that runs along the Neck, under the Mane; for if the Mufcles be cut acrofs, and the Ligament alfo wounded, the Horfe will have a Stiffnefs in the Motion of his Head and Neck. Some Horfes, by this means, after the Cure of the Poll-Evil, have their Heads ftanding awry; and therefore it is the belt way, if the Matter be gathered on both Sides, to make an Open- ing on both Sides; for the leaving the Ligament entire, greatly facilitates the Cure. The Farrier fhould be provided with a Farrierstobe leaden or iron Probe, made round and fmooth Pwithproper at the End, and no ways liff, but pliable. Infiruments. Some do not take care to provide themfelves with proper Inftruments, but cut a Twig off a Burch-broom, and ufe it inflead of a Probe, whereby they often do Mifchief; for the Probe fhould be ufed with all the Care imaginable, otherwife, by piercing the thin Membranes, a Way may be eafily made to form frefh Abfceffes, which were not there before, and fometimes in Parts where the Hurt they do cannot eafily be remedied. ,The way to ufe the Probe, is to introduce How to 11f'5 it as gently as poffible, and then to widen thethe Probe, Orifice fo far as to be able to introduce the Finger. The. Orifice may be widened either with an Inifrument, or with a fhort Tent made of dry Spunge; and if the Matter be good and laudable, like what runs from a Flefh Wound, there may perhaps be no occafion for any further Operation, and no other Drefling neceffary, befides a common Digeftive made of Turpentine, Honey, and Tin6ture of Myrrh; frewing - it with ground Precipitate, if the Flefh grow too faft. But if the Matter flow in great Qwuantities, and refembles melted Glue; P 4 or 2i6 Of the Poll-Evil. or if it be of an oily Confiffence, and the Ab- fcefs fills as often as it is emptied, there will be need of a fecond Incifion. What Pre- In this Operation, the Farrier fhould not go cautions are too deep with his Inftrument, but ufe his neceftary In A opening the Finger, and widen the Wound with it as much Poll-Evil. as pollible; and at the fame time obferve where there are any Drains, and ufe a fmall leaden Probe, to try how far thefe reach; if they go but a little way, they will perhaps need little more than common Dreflings; but if they penetrate inward, between the Interffices, near the Tendons of the Mufcles, it may be neceffsiry to make a further Incifion; yet fo as to avoid wounding the Tendons, if by any means poffible, that the Bottom of the A bfcefs, or Abfcefehs, if there be any more than one, may be difcovered. Tin&ures In the Poll-Evil, and all other deep Abfceffies, preferable to Tinltures, and other thin liquid Mixtures, are Vn all tS Lnmns in all deep to be preferr'd to Unguents, Liniments, or Di- Abfceffes. geffives of any kind that are of a thick Con. lftence; not only becaufe Tindures are more cleanfing, and do not promote the Growth of Flefh fo faft as the other, but becaufe they pafs more eafily into the more hidden Parts of the Abfcefs; and for this purpofe the following Mixture is of fingular Benefit in the Cure of fuch Maladies. A TMinure. "6 Take White-wine Vinegar, and retified Spirits of Wine, of each half a Pint; half " an Ounce of white Vitriol difiolved in a " little Spring-water; Tindure of Myrrh, four " Ounces; mix them together, and Thake the " Bottle every time it is ufed." iTow to drefs Let a little of this Mixture be heated in a the Sore. Ladle, and wafh the Abfcefs with fome Tow that has been well foked in it, iillig it up with Tow Of the Poll-Evil. 217 Tow moiflened in the fame, which fhould be laid in as loofe as pofirble, that the Flkfh may have room to grow, pouring fome of the fame Mixture all over the Drefling. Sometimes, bathing with this Tin6ture makes an effedlual Cure, without any other Dreffing befides, co- vering the Outfide with a Pledget or Boliter of dried Tow. By this means it may be done more frequently, and with great Eafe, and is a Benefit where there is a continual Drain of lharp Humours to be often cleaned; once or twice a Day is neceffiary, till the Flux abates, and no bad Difpofition appears in the Sore i after which, bathing conftantly with Spirits of Wine alone, will perfedt the Cure, laying over the Part a Quantity of Tow foked in Vinegar, and the White of Eggs beat together. This will ferve inftead of a Bandage, and lie as clofe to the Poll as a Saddle will lie to the Back, and come off and on with the fame Eafe, when- ever there is occafion to drefs it. And for an outward Cover, a piece of woollen Cloth, with two Loops of Lift to go round the Horfe's Ears, and to be tied underneath with Tapes. The following Mixture is yet more fharp than the other, and may be ufed where the Pro- fufion of Matter is very great, and cannot be eafdly abated, with an exceffive Growth of proud Flefh. "Take eight Ounces of a Solution of blue " Vitriol. This is made by diffolving half an " Ounce of Roman Vitriol in half a Pint of Spring-water, pouring it off from the Fccces or Dregs; mix this with Spirits of Wine and Vinegar, of each fix Ounces; Tinlure of Myrrh and Euphorbium, of each an Ounce." This is to be ufed as the other, by wafh-. ing the Abfcefs with it often, till the Matter flows 218 Of a Psflula in the Jithers. flows in lefs Quantity, and comes to a good Confiffence.. But if the proud Flefh be rifen very high, it muff be cut out firfi, neither of thefe being ftrong enough to deftroy it in a Horfe, where it grows extremely tenacious; but when that is extirpated, the frequent Ufe of thefe Tindlures will, for the moff part, prevent its growing again, and often make a Cure without any other Application, efpe- cially' if the Horfe be young, and otherwife found. The Phagedaenic Water (fo called by the Surr- geons becaufe of its corrosive Quality) is alfo of great ufe to cleanfe fuch foul Ulcers. It is made by diffolving two Drachms of corrofive Sublimate in a Pint of Lime-water, wafhing with this, and then filling the Abfcefs with loofe D)offils of Tow, foked in Egyptiacum and Oil of Turpentine, made hot, continu- ing in this Method till the Cure is effe&ed. S E C T. IV. Of a F/Jlula in the Withers. A Fiffula in the Withers is often no other J, than a finuous Ulcer, though, for the alofi Part, every large Swelling, on that Part, that comes to 1-uppurate, is commonly called by the Name of a Fiflula. Explanatlon Table XXIX, fhews the Fiftula, viz. a Tu- k the Plate. mour that fometimes rifcs in the Withers of a, Horfe, and produces a fillulous Ulcer. A. The Tumour, as it appears on one fide of the Withers. B. The 1 Il - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A 7W - 2. ;jf . i I I,mv I - . 'Alt This page in the original text is blank. Of a FiP/ula in the Withers. 219 'B. The Appearance it makes on the other, when it rifes on both fides. C. The Place where it ufually breaks when it comes to Maturity. D. The Matter, running from the Orifice. The Fiftula begins on the Top of the Wi- Fi1staa den thers. The Swelling, at its firft Appearance, fribed. is fmall, but Loon increafes and Lpreads on both Sides, and often reaches downwards to the Shoulders, and forwards towards the Neck, forming an Impofthume, which, by reafon of its Situation, eafily becomes finuous, unlefs grreat care be taken to prevent it. When the Swelling rites chiefly on one Side, the Impofi- hume generally breeds on that Side only, although the other Side may alfo have fomne Share in the Swelling, by reafon of its Vici- nity. But when it rifLes equally on both Sides, and inclines towards the Neck, it then forms itfelf between the high Spine, where there are many mufcular Tendons; and fornetimes Lo deep, as to have its chief Seat in the Sinus's, of the firif and fecond Vertebrx of the Chefi, and fometimes in the fourth; and when the Swel- ling lies forward, the Ulcer is often feated in the Sinuofities of the lowermoft Vcrtehrre or Rack-bone of the Neck; and where it is a true Fi-ftula, there is generally Matter gathered in all there Sinus's, which have Communica- taon one with another. Thefe Diftempers on the Withers take theirThe Caures Rife from various Caufes; fornetimes from of 3 Fiff-ia Bruifes of the Saddle, which being negleaed, on the Wi- g thers. or ill-managed, gives Birth to this Malady; though this might have been prevented by pro- per Care. And Sometimes finuous and fiftu- lous Ulcers proceed from malignant Fevers, whereby the vitiated Juices ale tianflatcd or caft 220 Of a jIgula in the Witberg. caft off critically on the Withers, in the fame Manner as the Poll-Evil. The Signs When Impofthumations and Ulcers on the and Prog- Withers proceed from a Bruife,it is no ways dan- nofics. grerouF; and before it begins to impoflhumite, it may be cured by Repellers, as other Contu- fions are; and if it impofihumate and break out on one Side only, and the Swelling on the other Side finks and fubfides, it is always a good Sign, and maybe cured in the fame Manner as any other common Imnpoflhume, and the Sinuofi- ties, if there be any, may be laid open with Safety; but if Matter gather on both Sides the Withers, with a Paflage from one to the other between the Spines, the Cure will be both tedious and difficult. If it begins deep among the Sinus's, of the lowerrmoft Rack-Bones of the Neck, which is often the Cafe, when it is the Crifis of a malignant Fever; the Cure not only becomes tedious, but difficult, uncertain, and, perhaps, impradficable. The Method In curing the Maladies on the Withers, the of Cure. firif thing to be done, is to examine into the Caufe, that the ill Accidents attending fuch things may, as much as pollible, be prevented: ITf the Swelling proceed from a Bruife of the Saddle, from a Blow, or any fuch Caufe, and is attended with Symptoms that threaten a finuous Ulcer or Fiftula; as we fuppofe here no -i-ult in the Blood, and when as yet we can Mind no Matter gathered in it; therefore the fij-if Application muff be to bathe it with hot Vinegar or Verjuice; and if that does not altogcethcr fucceed, an Ounce of Oil of Vi- triol may be mixed with a Quart of the for- mer, or half an Ounce of white Vitriol, firft diffolved in a little Water, and then mixed with the Vinegar or Verj uice. If Of a Fiflula in the Withers. 22f If the Swelling be attended with heat and fmarting, or if little hot watry Pimples arife, as this is often the Forerunner of an ulcerous Difpofition; when thefe Eruptions come on the Withers, the beff way to prevent that is, to bathe it often with this Mixture, viz. " Two Ounces of Crude Sal ArmoniacA Remedyto " boiled in a Quart of Lime-water, or Spring- prevnt a " water; where that cannot be had, with a I Handful of Pearl Afhes, pouring off the De- codiion when fettled, and mixing with it " half a Pint of Spirits of Wine. This will " feldom fail to prevent a Fiffula, where there are hot Eruptions, anointing the Part after- wards with Linfeed Oil, or Oil of Elder, to " foften and fmooth the Skin, which, when the Swelling comes down, is apt to fhrivel " and turn dry." But when a Horfe has had a malignant Fever, No Repel_ and the morbific Matter is caft upon the Wi-lents proper, thers, forming there a Tumour or Swelling, when the no Repellents ought to be utfed; but rather Swelling is fich Things as will bring the Matter fpeedily to Maturity; alfo Ointrnent of Marfh-mallows, with a little Oil of Turpentine, or this Poul- tice, viz. " A Pint of Rye Flour; fix Ounces of Hogs A Poultice to " Lard; four Ounces of Ointment of Marfh- ripen the " mallows, and four Ounces of Oil of Tur- Tumour. 1" pentine, mixed and made warm in a Pipkin, " keeping the Shoulders always covered with a i woollen Cloth under his Body Cloth, till the Tumour breaks, or is fit to be opened." The beft way in opening there Tumours, isTh, right never to make an Incifion till the Tumour wavv o either breaks of itfelf, or till the Matter con- Tumours tained in it comes to Nlaturitv, which may be known. 222 Of a Fiftula in the Withers. known, by its being foft and yielding, efpe- cially in the Place where the Matter is gathered; for if it be opened before it is ripe, the whole Subfhance will be no other than a mere Spunge, fending forth nothing but a bloody Ichor, which foon degenerates into a fordid Ulcer. The way to avoid this Danger, is to fuffer the Matter to ripen thoroughly, and then to open the Tumour with a hot Iron, made fomewhat fmall at the Point, but round and not fharp: When the Matter has been emitted, a leaden Probe may be ufed, to dired a further Opening; and this Opening ffould be made downwards from the (Arifice, and a little flanting, as far as the Holiownefs reaches, which is beft done with a inail half-round Firing-iron, made hot, and The Finger by introducing your Finger, you may know thd bfr the Condition of the Impofthume the better Probe, where th an by any other Trial; and by further open- it can be ing in this Manner, as you fee Occafion, may ufcd. prevent its turning to a finuous Ulcer or Fiftula. If an Impofthume gathers alfo on the oppofite Side, it may be opened in the fame Manner, and when there is a Communication, that upon opcning one Side, the Matter drains from the other; the beft way in this Cafe, is to make a Perforation into the other Side of the Withers, taking Care not to cut through the white Line or Ligament, which runs along the Neck to the Withers, and at the fame Time avoiding to extirpate all the Flefh, which is frequently done: When the Swelling inclines forward to- ward the lowermoff Vertebrx of the Neck, where great Quantities of Matter is gathered on both Sides the Withers, and where there is a Paffage under the white Line, from one Im- pofihume to the other; the true Way is, to open both Sides from above downward, fome- times the Length of three or four Inches, where the Of a Fiftula in the Withers. 223 the Swelling and colle&ion of Matter is large; and by this manner of Opening, may be healed with little or no Scar or Blemifih. The Method of Dreffing muft always be according to the Difpofition of the Sore: Some of thefe Ulcers will even fill up and heal with a common Digeftive mnixt with Precipitate, wafhing and bathing the Sore, and wherever the Swelling reaches, with redfify'd Spirits; others are more tenacious where the Matter is oily, yellow and vifcid, and in a great Quan- tity, ingendering proud Fleib; the beft way in this Cafe, is to ufe the following Mixture, viz. " Take eight Ounces of a Solution of blue The Cure, Vitriol, that is Roman Vitriol diffolved in when obfi- nate. " XWater, viz. half an Ounce of blue Vitriol see vol. IL, diffolved in a Pint of Water; Oil of Tur- p. 365, 366. pentine, and re&ify'd Spirits of Wine, of " each four Oun es; the belt white Wine Vinegar fix Ounces; of Oil of Vitriol and " Egyptiacum, of each two Ounces." Mix thefe together, and apply Pledgets foked in it fcalding hot, bathing the Swelling, as often as it is dreffed, with Spirits of Waine, and Vinegar, of each a Pint; Oil of Sulphur, two Ounces, dropping it in, and mixing it byr little at a Time; the Pledgets fhould be laid as loofe as poffible into the Appertures, that the Ulcers may incarn; and when it fills up with found Flefh, any common Digeftixe, mixt with a fmall Quantity of Precipitate, fpread on Pledgets of fufficient Breadth to cover the Sore over all its Edges, will make a perfeft found Cure. C H A P. 24Of Strains, &c. C H A P. XIII. Of Lamenefs proceeding from Strains, and other Accidents. S E C T. I. Of Strains in the Shoulder. The Caufes A 110 R S E may be ftrained and hurt va- of Strainseind rious Ways in the Shoulder; fometimes ln leaping, fometimes in riding on very uneven Ground; when the Rider is carelefs, and does not keep a good Hand; and fometimes by a falfe Step, even where the Ground is very fmooth, efpecially when a Horfe has not been hardened, and much ufed to Exercife; and Sometimes Horfes get lame in travelling in deep pouchy Grounds; this will not only affe& the Shoulder, but their other Joints, which ought to bc carefully examined into. 'The Sins. A frelh Lamenefs in the Shoulder may be eafily known, becaufe a Horfe does not put out that Shoulder as the other, but with Pain, and fets the found Foot hard to the Ground to fave the other. But when a Lamenefs in the Shoulder proceeds from Humours, it is not fo cafily difinguifhed, becaufe often both Shoul- ders are more or lefs affected; and fometimes alfo the Mufcles of the Breaft, which caufes a Horfe not only to drop but to ifumble in his going. All fudden Lameneffes in the Shoulder may be eafily cured, unlefs there be a faul- ty Blood, which renders outward and in- ward 224 Of Lanenefjs in the Shoulders. 225 ward Applications both neceffary; and there- fore here we only fuppofe a fimple Strain; where the Blood is in good plight, though where the Shoulders are fleihy, or the Cheft narrow and pinn'd, the Cure will be more tedious and uncertain; but when the Blood is no ways faulty, the fpeedieft and quickeft way of curing Strains in the Shoulder, is with Coolers and Repellers, fuch as old Verjuice or good Vinegar. " Take Verjuice or Vinegar, of either, aTheCure. Pint; Bole Armoniac diffolved in it, half an " Ounce." Let the Part be bathed, two or three times a Day, all over the lame Shoulder, from the Withers almnoft to the Knee, and half way upon the Breaft; for all the Mufeles on thofe Parts, have a confent in the Motion, of the Shoulder. But if; notwithifandingr the Lame- nefs continues, without any Swelling, after a few Days Reft, and coutnant Bathing, uie the following Mixture. " Take 'the bell Vinegar, half a Pint; An Imbro. Spirits of Vitriol, and redify'd Spirits ofcation for " Wine, of each two Ounces; Bole, half an Shoulder Ounce. Let this be applied as the former." When the Shoulder is very much fwelled and relaxed, a different Method is neceffary, for then we may fuppofe a Fluxion on the joint; in this Fomentations will be the moft proper; for which purpofe, " Take the Tops of lVormvwood, two Hand- A Fomenta- " fuls; Southernwood, half a Handful; Camo- tion for 3 r mile Flowers, and St. John's-wort, one Hand- SaraJlnAintI h ful; Bay-Berries bruited, three Ounces; crude Sal Armnoniacfoulr Ounces i \V od-affics,and Q_ r. X f. woj4 226 Of Lamenefs in the Shoulders. cc Wood-Soot, of each a Handful; boil thefe " in two Gallons of Chamber-lye." The Benefit Take a Quart of this Fomentation, add to of Fomeii- it half a Pint of Spirits of Wine, and foment tations with the Horfe's Shoulder with woollen Cloths, large the Rowells, enouah to cover the Shoulder, wrung out dry in obffinate Shouldfr while it is hot. A Rowell in the Point of the L 1e;12ffhs. Shoulder, in this Cafe, often does great Service, and feldom fails of a Cure, with the help of thefe Fomentations; for the Fomnentato ai caufes the Rowell to run double the Quantity it other- wife would do, and carries off any Greums or Settlement that may lodge in the Interftices of the Vuiclfccs. Lamenefs in the Joint is but very rare, and in that cafe nothing comes up to Fomentations or Rowells, as the only Mears to draw out the Anguifh, and prevent an Influx into it; for if the oily Matter that is Separated in the Glands of the Joint, is once condenfed, and turned to a hardened Gluc, all the Mle"ans in the World will not rellore fuch a Horfe to per- fe6t Soundncfs. When a Horfe has been newly lamed in the A Pathutrtful Shoulder, fome peg up the other Foot, or fet in all frefli on a Patten-Shoe, to bring the lame Shoulder Lamnencffes. on the Stretch; and fome turn them imme- diately out to Grafs ; but all this is very pre- pofterous, and the dired Way to render him incurably lame; a Patten-Shoe being only neceffary in old Lameneffes, where the Muicles have been a long while contracted: But in all Lameneffes of this kind, the moft fimple Method of cold Applications will be the moft ferviceable. S E C T. S E C T. It. Of Strains of the Knees and Pakterns. W PHEN a Horfe receives Strains on his I V Knees, they are commonly violent, and often the Paftern-Joints are hurt at the fame time; becaufe they generally happen from a Horfe's coming down a fteep Place, where his whole Weight refIs on his Knees and Pafterns, which are often very much fwelled after fuch Accidents. The ufual Way is, to lay on cold Charges, which dry fo foon that they often do little Service; but if the Swelling continues with Heat and Inflammation, the beft Method The Cure. is to breathe them out with Poultices of Oat- meal or Rye Flour, boiled up in Grounds of Beer and red Wine Lees; for Poultices arePoultices conveniently and eafily applied to thefe Parts; the beft in and if Wine Lees cannot be had, Chamber-tin' lye may be ufed in the ftead: After the Swel- ling and Inflammation is down, let the Part be bathed twice a Day with the following Mix- ture. cc Take Vinegar, one Pint; camphorated " Spirits of Wine, four Ounces; white V itriol " diffolved in a little Water, two Drachms." This will ftrengthen the Horfe's Knees and caution. Pafterns, if both have been :frained; but if only one Knee or one Paftern be fwelled, and that you only fufped a Weaknefs in the other Joints, there will be no occafion to ufp the Poultice, except to the Part that is fwelled and inflamed. SECT. 22Of Strains in the Back-Sinew. S E C T. III. Of Strains in the Coffinm L-irener, of I E N the Coffin-Joint is ftrained, a the Coffin. VV Hofie often continues a long time lame, without difcovering where the Lamenefs lies; becaufe, at firft, the Horfe does not favour it much upon the bending of the Foot, only up- The Signs. on planting his Foot on the Ground; but, in time, there will grow fuch a Stiffinefs in that Joint, that he will only touch the Ground with his Toe, and it will be impoflible to play the Joint with ones Hand. The Cure. The only Method to remove this Stiffnefs, is Bliftering and Firing, which often fucceeds, unlefs the Stiffinefs and Contraaion has been of a long Standing. S E C T. IV. Of Strains in the Back-Sinew. The Caufes. The Signs. The Cure. A Back-Sinew Strain generally proceeds from hard Riding upon dry Grounds; and from other Caufcs, where the Roads are ftony and bad, and fornrtimes pouchy. It is eafily perceived by the Swelling of the Sinew, which fometimes reaches from the Baci- fide of the Knee, down to the Heel; and when it is fo, a Horfe does not care to Let his Foot even upon the Ground, but for the moft part, in his Standing, fets it before the other. The ufual way of curing this M\4alady, is with cold Charges, which often fucceed very well, if frequently renewed. Some ufe Cur- riers 2 28 Of Strains in the Back-Sinew. 229 riers Shavings bound round the Sinew with a Bandage. This anfwers in fome Cafes; but there is nothing either fo ready or efficacious as Vinegar, or Verjuice, with Bole, being often in a Day foked well into the Sinew, warm; and if any thing of the Lamenefs or Swelling remains after this, and after the Heat and In- flammation is gone out, a mild Blifter, that has nothing corrofive in it befide the cauftic Flies, will, gcnerally fpeaking, effe6tuate a Cure, and bring the Sinew fine. When hot and relaxing Oils, mixed toge-Cautions ther, are ufed to the- Back-Sinew, they fome- times fucceed in Horfes that have their Sinews llrong and rigid; yet they are apt to engender Winr als of a bad kind, or make the Veins on each fide the Sinew to be full and vorgred. Bliftering, in this Cafe, has very little or no effed; but Firing through the Vein till the Blood comes; for nothing lefs will rlmove that Weaknefs. After the Firing, the whole Leg, from the Knee down to the Heel, and all the hollow Places on both fides, are to be charged with a good ftrengthening Plaifter made of Ad Herniam, firring into it, when, it is melted down, viz. c To four Ounces of the Ad Herniam, add A good Dragons Blood, Maftic, and Bole, of each rengahning " half an Ounce; and this perfets the Cure, plailter. " efpecially if the Horfe be turned to Grafs for a Month, or five Weeks; or if, in the Winter, he run a little while in a finooth Yard, where there is Plenty of dry Litter." Q3 S E C T. Of Lamenefs in the Stile, S E C T. V. Of Lamenefs in the Stifle. The Caufe. A Stifle-Lamenefs is caufcd by thofe Acci- AI dents that produce all other Lameneftes in the Joints. The Signs. When a Horfe is lame in the Stifle, he ge- nerally treads upon his Toe, and cannot fet that Heel to the Ground. Some Strains in the Stifle are violent, and fwell pretty much, but The Cure. are rarely incurable, unlefs bad Methods have Coolers and been ufed in the Beginning. They commonly Repellers in become well with cooling Applications, fuch the Begin- as have been prefcribed for the Shoulder; but ning. if the Swelling be very large and puffy, which fometimes happcns, Recourfe muff be had to Fomentations, to breathe out any Colle6lion of Humours that may be engendered -by the vio- lent fluxing up the Part. Sometimes Impofi- humations follow in fuch Cafes, and when thefe break, and run, there is commonly an end of all Danger; but if otherwife, the foL lowing Fomentation is neceffary to be ufed. Fomentation "T Take the Tops of Wormwood, one Hand- when ubfti- c ful; Camomile Flowers, one Handful; Bay- r.ate. Berries bruifed, one Ounce; crude Sal Ar- , moniac, two Ounces; Wood-allies, or Pot- afhes, a Handful; boil thefe in one Gallon cc Chamber-lye." 1Dire6ions Take a Quart of this Fomentation, and -add rite to uffe half it Pint of Spirits of Wine; then take two iun. vwoollen Clot-hc, and dip them into the Fomen- tation fcalding hot; then wring them out, one at . time, applying them alternately, as hot and dry as poflible., This, by confant Ufe, will cure the Of Lamenefs in the 'Yhirl-Bone and THp. 23X the moft violent Strain, by taking out the An- guifh, and bringing down the Swelling gra- dually, till the Horfe is completely cured. S E C T. VI. Of Lamenefs in the Wbirl-Bone and Hip. H E Lameneffes in the Whirl-Bone and The Sgne Hip, is not incurable, when difcovered in and Prog- the Beginning; yet the Cure is generally the noffics. moft uncertain of all other Lameneffes: A Horfe, at firif, fhews very little Lamenefs in his Walk, but only when he comes to trot: And, as a Horfe that is hurt in the Stifle, creeps with his Toe upon the Ground; fo, a Horfe that is hurt in the WXhirl-Bone, when he trots, drops backwards upon his Heel. And, oftentimes, Strains, when they are new, are flighted, but if this kind of Lamenefs is not taken in the Beginning, it will be rendered almoft incurable, beeaufe the Seat of the Lamenefs lies, in a great meafure, beyond the Reach of outward Applications. This generally comes by fome very violent Strain ; but, when the Mufcles of the Hips are only affeted, that kind of Lame- nefs is often cured without much Difficulty; therefore, as foon as this Larnenefs is obferv- able, either on the Whirl-Bone, or in the Mufcles of the Hip, the firft Intention, as toThe Cure. the Cure, is the fame; that is, to begin wvith Coolers and Repellers, fuch as have already been recommended in all other frefh Lame- neffes; and they fhould be ufed, at leaft, four or five times a Day, to thofe Parts; and when the Strain is quite new, there is no doubt of Succefs, without any other Application. But, when the Ailment has once lodged itfelf in the 4 Joint, 232 Of Strains in the Hock. Joint, nothing will make a Cure but Bliffering and Firing. S E C T. VII Of Strains in the Hock. H E Strains in the Hock are eafily cured when taken in time, though they have been very much fweljed, only with foking them well with Coolers and Repellers; but when the Ligaments are hurt, it caufes great Weaknrefs, TL c Cure. and fometimes the Cure becomes difficult. The fureft way, in this Cafe, is to ply the Part well with Fomentation3. Trhis Method fel- dom fails of Succefs, unlefs fome very improper means has been ufed in the Beginning, which fometimes leaves Stiffnefs and Callofities; if the Callofity, or Hardnefs, grows only on the Out- fide, it may be effedually removed by repeated Blifering; and without any Hazard; but if the Callofity is on the Infide, it may be got out of the Reach of outward Applications, the beft Remedy, in this Cafe, is firing the Part very gently with finall Rafes or Lines, and pretty clofe together; after which, apply the following Charge. A Mercurial "; Take the Mercurial Plaiffer of the Shops, Cr.arre. "s four Ounces; the Emplaji de Cicuta cum Am- c toYnoniaco, two Ounces; let thefe be melted down together, and applied Chargeways over the Hock, renewing it once or twice as it crumbles off." SE CT. Of the Dye-afes of the Feet. S E C T. 233 VIMI. Of the Sallenders and Mallenders. S0 M E TI M E S the Diforders of the Hocks Sallenders a3Produce the Sallenders, which is a hard andM fcabby Sore that comes in the Bending of the Hock; the fame with that on the Bending of the Knee, called the Mallender. Gummy, fleihy-legged Horfes, are molt fubje&l to thefe Maladies, and the. beft Method of curing them is, after having clipped away the Hair, and cleared the Scabs, to apply the following Li- niment. " Take Ethiops Mineral, half an Ounce; I' white Vitriol, one Drachm; foft green " Sope, fix Ounces; let them be incorpora- " ted well together, till they come to a "c Salve." The Curem There are abundance for this Diftemper, but found to be the bet. C H A P. Of the Dijeafts of Remedies prescribed this by Experience is XIV. of the Feet. SO M E Defedts in. the Feet are natural, which render them very difficult to cure. Among the natural Defeds of the Feet, are Narrow Heels; Hoof-bound, or binding of the Hoofs, when the Hoofs are exceflively hard, or when they are too foft and thin; a Flefhinefs of _Wr", -- - "- 'N - _......'g Of Narrow Heels. of the Foot, efpecially about the Frog, and un- der the Sole: A flat Foot is likewife defeftive; as alfo when the Quarters grow too high. S E C T. I. Of Narrow Heels. Narrow A R R 0 WV Heels are, for the moft part, HcCls. a natural Defed; but are often rendered incurable by bad Shoeing. X Some Farriers hol- low the Quarters fo deep, and fo thin, that one may pinch them in with one's Fingers, and think by that means to widen them out by a firong broad-webbed Shoe. But this turns them narrow above, wires their Heels, and dries up or rots the Frog. The beft way, The bell way:in a fuch Cafes, is not to hollow the Foot in to itend Ana theieDefeas. Shocing, and to pare nothing out but what is rotten or foul. If the Foot be hard or dry, or inclines to be rotten, bathe it often with Chamber-lye, or anoint the Foot every Day with the following, viz. " Take two Pound of Linfecd; boil it in c two Quarts of Chamber-lye, to the Con- ' fiftence of a Poultice; then add to it fix " Ounces of green foft Sope, and anoint the " Foot with it every Day." Or, " Take two Ounces of Bees-wax, fix Ounces " of Frefh-buttcr, and one Ounce of Tar, " and as much Linfeed-Oil as will make it " into the Confilence of a fmooth Oint- " ment." This may be carried from Place to Place, at.d.ufecd daily as the other. S E CT. Binding of the Hoof, &c. S E C T. II. Binding of the Hoof, &c. A H 0 R S E is faid to be Hoof-bound, when A1 the Hoof is fo tight round the Inifep, that it turns the Foot fomewhat into the Shape of a Bell. This is Sometimes caufed by Shoe- The Caufe. ing, as above described, to widen the Heel; and Sometimes by cutting the Toes down too much, which gives that Shape to the Foot, and caufes the Horfe. to go lame. This is ea- fily discovered by the Eye, and by the Horfe's fetting his Foot down very tenderly. And fome- times the Toes have been fo much cut down, that the Horfe could not go till all the Nails were drawn outbefore. Hoof-bound Horfes have com- monly pretty hard Feet; and the only way to remedy this Defed,. is to draw the Foot downTheCur from the Coronet almoft to the Toe, with a Drawing-Knife, making feven or eight Lines or Rafes through the Hoof, almoft to the Quick; afterwards keep it charged with Pitch or Rofin, till the Lines are worn out in Shoe- ing, which will require feveral Months; and therefore it is not improper to turn them out to Grafs till their Feet grow down, and get clear of the Pain, after' this they will be able to travel, and do good Service, in a few Weeks. The fame Method is alfo to be ufed, when The Cure one Foot only happens to be perifhed by Corns when the Foot is pe- or Bruifes, that have been long under Cure. rifled by Horfes Feet are Sometimes wounded by fharp Corns, Splin- Splinters, Stubs, &c. running up into the ters &c. tender Parts within the Sole, or by taking up a Kennel-Nail. After the Nail, or whatever elfe, has been carefully taken out, the Part ought to be bathed with warm Oil of Tur- pentine Of Sand Cracks. pentine and Spirits of Wine, and Pledgets of Bafilicon laid over it by way of a Stopping. If it turns Ulcerous, and runs a foul and f1inkint Matter, and much proud Flefh arifes, the Dreflings to be made of Honey,Venice Tur- pentine, and Egyptiacum, mixt together, ftrew- ing firif all over the Sore, a little Precipitate in fine Powder. This to be repeated every other Day. When the Feet have been prick'd in Shoeing, they may be treated in the fame Manner. S E C T. III. Of Sand Cracks A Sand Crack de- fcribed. The Prog- noffics and Cure. A Sand Crack is a little fmall Rift or Cleft on the outfide of the Hoof; if it runs in a Trait Line downwards, and penetrates through the horny Part of the Hoof, it proves troublefome; but if it paffes through the Liga- ment that unites the Hoof with the Coronet, it is then. apt to breed a Quitter or falfe Quarter, which is very dangerous. VWThen the Crack only penetrates through the Hoof, without touching the Ligament, unlefs the Hoof be hollow from the Membranes underneath, it may be eafily cured by rafping the Edges fmooth, and applying thick Pledgets of yellow Bafilicon, and binding them down with a Piece of foft Lift, and Sometimes a Piece of very large Packthread waxed, and bound round like a Hoop, will anfwer the End very well. But if you perceive a Hollownefs under the Hoof, and that the Cleft has a ten- dency to penetrate through the Griftle or Liga- merit, 236 This page in the original text is blank. TAM. XXX. J/2 .a2. I 1. Ff. I[. Of a Quitfer, or (Zuiztor. ment, the beft way in that Cafe is, to fire out of hand, with Irons that are not made too hot, firif rafping the Part very thin and wide from both Sides of the Cleft. After firing, the Horfe muft not be fuffered to carry any Weight for a confiderable Time; but be turned out to Grafs, or into fome good Farm Yard, if it be in Winter, till his Foot is grown. S E C T. IV. Of a Quitter or Quittor. A QU I T T E R is an Ulcer formed be- A Quitter .1 tween the Hair and the Hoof, moft defkibcd. itfually on the infide Quarter of a Horfe's Foot; it often proceeds from Treads or Bruifes, and if the Conifitution be bad, or the Hoof hap- pens to be hollow near that Part, then it proves dangerous. Table XXX. Reprefents a Quitter, and falfe QWlarter, in two Figures. Fig. J. Shews the Quitter. A. The Orifice from whence the Matter generally flows. B. The Matter running down the Quarter. C C. The Swelling round the Coronet. D. The finking and depreffure of the Hoof, caufed by the Malignity of the Ulcer. Fig. 11. Shews the falfe Quarter. A. The Seam on the Quarter, from the Coronet to the bottom of the Foot. If the Ulcer is only fuperficial, and does not get under the Hoof, it may be cured with cleinfing Dreffings, bathing the Coronet round every; 237 Explanation of the Platce Of the Greafe. every way with Spirits of Wine, and drefling the Sore with yellow Bafilicon, mixed with Precipitate, viz. " Two Drachms of red Precipitate, finely powdered, to four Ounces of Bafilicon; " this will cure any fuperficial Ulcer in the " Coronet." But if the Matter forms itfelf a Lodgment under the Hoof, there is no way then to come at the Ulccr, but by taking off Part of the Hoof; and if this be done well and artfully, the Cure may be alffced without Danger; fometimes the Matter, after one Ulcer has been cured, will fromn frefh Lodgments, which has re- quired more of the Hoof to be taken off after- w-ards, and yet have in the End Succeeded very \vst'l, only fuch Accidents as thefe require a Jiale Time. But where the Matter happens to lodge near the Quarter, it obliges the Far- rinr fometimes to take off the Quarter of the Hoof, then the Cure is only Paliative; for when the Qiarter grows up, it leaves a pretty large Scam, which weakens the Foot, and this is what is called a falfe Quarter: And a Horfe that has this Defc6l, feldom goes quite found. S E C T. V. Of the Greafe. The C-aues. TEX E Greafe is generally the Effeds of a faulty Blood, and happens mofilly to Horfes of grofs Conflitutions; fometimes it is owving to corel]i efs in the Perfons that look after them, fox wvant of keeping their Limbs clean and dry; but, for the moft part, Horfes that run late in the Winter dt Grafs, are the moft ffib- je-2L to it; their Blood, by that Means, growing poor 238 The Cdre. A falre Quarter. Of the Greafe. 2 39 poor and dropfical, expores them firft to Swel- lings in their Limbs, and to Eruptions, which run a firtid, ftinking Matter, not unlike melted Glue, and when it turns (harp and corrofive, it becomes troublefome en-ough. When the- Heels are very much fwelled, and The Cure f full of hard Scabs, 'tis neceflary to begin the the Greafe. Cure with Poultices, which may either be made with Turnips, or with Rye Flour, Tur- Poulticing in pentine, and Hogs Lard, mixed with Spirits ofthe begin- of Wine, or red Wine Lees. nling. And when the Horfe begins to move his Limbs with lefs Stiffnefs, it will be proper to purge; and in fome Cates, the Purge muff be repeated five or fix Times before it will have its defired Effed. The following Purge is the moft proper. " Take Succotrine Aloes, one Ounce ; A Purge for " frefh Jalap, three Drachms; Cream of Tar- the Greafe " tar, half an Ounce ; Oil of JunIiper, fixty Drops, made into a Ball, with Honey, and roll'd in Liquorice Powder or Flour." This may be repeated fivc or fix Times, at proper Diftances, after the uftizal Mehod. Diuretics that wvork powerfully by Urine, ofren fucceed without Purging, Puch as fol- 1ow1s " Tcake four Ounces of yellow Rofin, one A powerful Ounce of Sal Prunellx; grind them toge- Diuretic ther in a Mortar, oiling the End of the Drink. Peftie, to keep them from running into Lumps; unrecify'd Oil of Amber, one " Drachm ; let this be given ill a Q(Uart of Forge-water, and given in the Morning " falling." He is to be kept falling two Hours before, and two Hours afterwi'rds; thct giving him cold 240 Of the, Greafe. cold Water, and riding him moderately, the fame as in a Purge. Some Horfes that have weak Stomachs, will not bear thofe Drinks To well as others, and therefore they need be feldom adminiftered; to fuch, one in two or three Days will anfwer the End, tho' not quite fo foon as thofe that can take three or four of them every Morning runni jg. If there be any Remains of the Humour, the Legs may be bathed with Spirits of Wine and Vinegar, equal Parts; and if that is not fharp enough, add a little Egyptiacum to it; or if the Heels remain fomewhat fcabby and dry, ufe the following Ointment. " Take yellow Bafilicon and Honey, of " each two Ounces; Verdegreafe in fine Powder, three Drachms; let this be applied " once a Day till the Cure is effedIed." If any Weeping remains near the Heels, apply the following Poultice, which will go nigh to dry it up. " T ake Honey, four Ounces; white or red Lead, in -Powder, two Ounces; Verde- greafe, in fine Powder, one Ounce; mix them together, and apply as much as is " fufficient, upon Tow, to the Part, and re- " new it once in three Days." Rats-tails generally creep from the Paftern to the middle of the Shank, along the Maftier- Sinew, or on one Side of it; the following is the molt proper for the Cure of this and moft other ExCrefcencies about the Legs and Feet, as Scratches, Kibes, Figs, &c. " Take black Bafilicon, and foft Sope, of each two Ounces; i Linfeed Oil, one Ounce; " white Of oa Running Thrujh, &c. 241 ' white Vitriol, in fine Powder, half an " Ounce; incorporate thefe well together, " and drefs the Part with this Ointment every f Day, wiping it clean firfh." The Crown-Scab is a Humour that breaks The Crown. out round the Coronet, it is very harp and itch- Scab. how to be ma. ing, and attended with Scurfinefs; moft ufe naged. only fharp Water for the Cure of it: But the fafeft Way is, to mix fome Marfh-mallows and yellow Bafilicon, equal Parts, fpread upon Cr1ow, and laid all round the Coronet; and at the fame time let the Horfe have a Dofe or two of Phyfic, or a couple of the diuretic Drinks, as above defcribed in the Greafe. S E C T. VI. Of a Running thrujh, or Frulhk A Thrufh is an Impoffhume that gathersA running in the Frog, efpecially in Horfes that Thruh de- have flelhy Heels, and deep Clefts in theirkcrisbd Frogs. Horfes that have their Frogs clean and dry, and of a moderate Size, are feldom fubje&l to fuch Accidents; Sometimes they are attended with the Greafe: In Horfes that are liable to fwelled Heels, and when Care has not been taken to cure them in Time; when pro- per Methods are ufed to fuch Horfes, they are feldom dangerous, but are Sometimes profitable to Horfes of flefhy and foul Conftitutions, be- caufe they drain off a great many bad Humours. The fafeft Way in managing Thrufhes, when the Impofthume appears,- is to pare out the hard Part of the Frog, or whatever appears rotten, and wafh the Bottom of the Foot two or three Times a Day with old Chamber-lye. R But Of -a Canker in the Foot. But when a Horfe happens to have been negle&ed, or has a very ifrong flux of Humours into the Part, it is apt to degenerate into a Canker; the beft way to prevent this, is to begin with Medicines that are not too fharp. Such as the following; " Take Spirits of Wine, and Vinegar, of " each two Ounces; Tindure of Myrrh, and Aloes, one Ounce; Egyptiacum, half an Ounce; mix them together, and bathe the " Thrulh wherever there appears a more than ordinary Moifture; and lay a little Tow, dipped in the Tindture, over the Ulcer, after " the Manner of a Stopping." At the fame time a Horfe fhould be purged with one of the Purges, recommended for fwelled Legs, and it wou'd not be amifs to give one or two of the diuretic Drink, inferted for the Greafe. This Method will not- only fcour Horfes from the Canker, but from other Symptoms that arife from drying up thefe Ulcers too foon. S E C T. VII. Of a Canker in the Foot. A C A N K E R, for the moft Part, proceeds from Thrufhes, when they prove rotten and putrid; Sometimes a greafy Humour, when it is of long ftanding, and is got into the Sinu- ofities of the Coffin-Joint, will run down to the Frog, and under the Sole, and turn to a Canker: Sometimes Bruifes, Corns, or taking up a Kennel or Channel Nail; when thefe are ill managed, they produce the fame Effed; but 242 A Canker defcribed. This page in the original text is blank. TABXX..o/. 2.3e . x-. -.,t or. R . -P/...I. Of a Canker ia db Foot. 243 but the moft ufual Caufe is from a rank Thrufh. The Copper-plate here introduced, repre- fents both the Thrufh and Canker in the Foot. Table XXXI. Fig. I. A. Shews the Thrufh. Fig. II. B. Shews the Canker. The Canker is fo luxuriant in Some Conifi- tutions, that in one Night's time it will get into the Mufcles of the Foot, turn them all into a Quag, and at the fame time rot the Sole. A luxuriant Canker very much resembles a Cancer, both in Smell and in Afpe&t; for if it be negle6led dreffing for a few Days, it will grow feveral Inches high, and when the Slough is taken off, it will be underneath all full of Papillk, resembling a Collyfower, except in the Colour, which is of a very wpale Red and variegated. The moft ufual Method to cure a Canker, is hot Oils, fuch as double Aquafortis, Oil of Vitriol, and Butter of Antimony, which are very proper; for fome Cankers are of fo quick A Growth, that nothing lefs than fuch cauftic Medicines will keep them under. Some ftrew the Canker over with Sublimate, after the Oils have been applied; this fometimes does a great deal of Mifchief; red Precipitate is much better; the great Art is in the manner of ufing there Things; the plain cauffic Oils are the befi alone, provided they are rightly applied, for they fhould be more frequently dreffed than what is common, and Care fhould be taken to drefs them often, once in two Days at leaft, and not let them lie on three or four Days, as they often do; for the great Humidity and Moifture of the Canker weakens the Force of the Oils, fo that they only form a foft fpungy Efcar, and rlaen that comes to be fcraped oft; R 2 you 244 Of a Canker in the Foof. you will meet with nothing but a frefh fpurrgy Place, which makes the Work to b-egin anew again, therefore the beft way is to drefs them every Day with Oils, and this wili loon get ground on the Canker, even whcn it has got into the Coffin-Bone. Foor the Muficles in the Bottom of a Horfe's Foot, are utterly waifted in the Cure of this DiflemVptr; yet they will grow up again, and be no Detriment at all to the Horfe. And a new Sole will cover them firmer and better than what they had at firif. When the Canker does not rife upon the Dreffings, once in two Days will be fufficient, and a little Precipitate and burnt Allum in fine Powder, will be very neceffary to ffrew over the new Growth of Flefh, until the Sole begins to grow. There is one other great Error committed in curing the Canker, and that is not having fuf- ficient Regard to the Hoof. The Hoof fhould not only be cut off, whenever it preffes upon the tender Parts, but fhould be kept very foft with Linfeed Oil; and as -often as it is dreffed, bathe the Hoof all round the Coronet, with Chamber-lye. When he is cured, and comes to his Ap- petite, he ought to have two or three Purges, and two or three more ought to be repeated after a Month's Interval; and moderate Ex- ercife will do them good, as foon as the Foot is grown tolerably firm and ftrong. AP PEN . The Method of Firing lorfes. 245 AP P E N D IX. S7he Method of Firing Hor/es. C AUTERI ZING or Firing is often ne- ceffary after Strains or other Accidents, which may occafion a long continued Weak- nefs; or where thcre is a Fulnefs, when the Part is grown hard and callous, efpecially about the -Joints, Sinews, and nervous Parts, thofe Parts being compoied of an infinite Number of Fibres and nervous Threads, that lie fo clofe together, that nothing but what is of the moft powerful Nature, is fufficient to relieve them whcn obftruEted. This is pro-Thebenefit moted in the moft effetual Manner, by burn- Of Firing. ing the Outfide, and giving Vent to the in- clofed Matter to difchar ge itfelf, and Sometimes proves beneficial, v',:-, all other Helps have been fo Und ineffedual. In firing about the Sinews or nervous Parts, Cautions not great Care is to be taken not to go too deep at to touch the firf, but by gentle, repeated Rafes or Lines, Sinews. till they cone to a Ipale red Colour; for if the Fire once touches the Sinews it will make the Horfe go lame as long as he lives: The Lines ought to be drawn pretty clofe together, on each Side of the Joint or Sinew, following the Courfo of the Hair, without making of crofs Lines, which are of no ufe in there Parts, and are only apt to ,iwfituire the I-ourf afterwards. Rhelen Rs 3 246 Of Gelding, Docking, &c. When the more flefhy Parts, or an obitinate Humour, that cannot be brought to Suppura- tion, requires firing, the Skin ought to be pierced deeper, in order to draw away a fuffi- cient Quantity of Matter from the Tart; the fame ought to be performed upwards, to pre- vlent any ulcerous afipofition attending it: And in fuch Cafes, little foft Doffils dipt in warm Bafilicon and Spirits of Wine may be thruft gently up into the Orifices. Direations The firing Inftrument or Knife ought to be concerning fomewhat rounded on the Edge, and gradually the firingIn- thicker to the Back, fufficient to keep the Heat of the Fire for fome time, it ought to be rubbed clean, that no Dirt or Afhes may ftick to it, and not ufed till the flaming Rednefs is partly gone off. All the fearcdParts ought immediately to be bathed with Spirits of Wine, and where nothing elfe is requifite to complete the Cure. The Place is only to be anointed with Oil and Bees-wax, melted together. The Ufe of the Fire, with refpeAl to Spavins, Ring-Bones, Curbs, &c. is treated of in their proper Places. Some Direaions concerning Gelding, Docking, &c. H E common Method of Gelding, is by applying the adual Cautery, and then tilling the Place up with Salt, which expofes Horfies fometimes to Accidents in thefe Parts afterwards; the more fafe way therefore is, after having opened the Scrotum or outward Casfe, and turned out the Stones, to tie a wax Thread' Of Nicking a Iorfe's Tail. 247 Thread round the Strings to flop the Blood, and then cut the Strings between the Ligature and the Stone, applying to the Wound, Pledgets dipt in the ufual Digeftive, mixed with Spirits of Wine; this fecures the Veffiels moft ef- Wdually, and prevents that profufe Bleed- ing, which, in the former Way, might poflibly enfue. As to Curtailing or Docking, the chief Thing is, to take care that the Searing-iron be finooth and well pollifhed, and the Metal well harden'd; and likewife that it be rubbed very clean before it is ufed, otherwise the Scoriae or Sparks that fly off the Iron may caufe great Pain, and perhaps an Inflammation to follow; neither fhould it be applied flaming hot, left it bring off the burnt Part along with it, in which Cafe, it will be difficult to form an Efchar. It may not be amifs to take Notice that the In- firument for Docking,, be both fharper and cleaner than what is common. With regard to the Nicking of Horfes, the Number of Incifions may.be in proportion to the Length of the Tail; but three in general arc fufficient; the beft Drefling at firit is with powdered Rofiri, Honey, and Spirits of Wine, applying a foft Doflil of Tow dipped in the fame, between each Nick, lapping the Tail up as ufual. The next Morning it fhould be cut open down the back Part of the Tail, and the Morning after taken off, in order to plait the Hairs, and fet the Tail; every two or three Days the Tail fhould be let down, and the upper Part next the Rump bathed with hot Vinegar, with a little Honey and Allum dig- folved in it. If the Hair fhould come off, and the Tail fliould incline to fwell, it muft be R 4 wafhed Z48 Of Nicking a Horfe's Tail, &c. wafhed every Day with Spirits of Wine, Vine, gar, and the Mel Egyptiacumn after feven or eight Days it will be proper to let the Horfe Rand without the Machine or Pulley for a few Hours, to obferve how he carries his Tail, and it may 'be neceffary to keep up Wis Tail a few Hours every Day, till a Callous is formed. Some neceffary Cautions with regard to the Shoeing of Horfies. H E common Method of Shoeing,' is to make the Shoes very wide and thick, efpe- cially toward the Heel; beating the Infide that Lies next to the F oot out hollow, and raifing the Heel, which leaves a Space between that and the Heel of the Horfe; this is done with an Intention to fave the Foot: They likewife hollow out the Bottom of the Foot, efpecially on each Side of the Frog, paring it out fome- times even to the very Quick, to give it Eafe, as they call it: But this has quite the contrary Effed; for whelcn the Foot is pared out fo thin, till the horny Part of the Sole is almoft gone, it being deprived of a great Part of that Nourifh- ment which confifts in the Subftance of the horny Part, foon becomes fo exceflive hard and dry by the Penetration of the Air, as to bruife the tender Part of the Sole;: This hollowing out of the Feet likewife expofes Horfes to many bad Accidents; for when they happen to tread on broken Bottles, Nails, and Stumps, or any fuch kind of Things (efpecially after being newly fhod) they will eafily pierce through into the flffihy Part of the Sole, by which Means Horfes are often lamed for a. long while; and fome- Cautions for Shoeing Horfes. 249 fometimes paft all Recovery: Whereas if the Sole is left in its full Strength, it is both of fuch a Thicknefs and Contexture as fervres to defend the Feet againft every thing that might wound or bruife them. Some are fo fenfible of the ill Effeds that arife from this way of hol- lowing out the Feet, that they will not fo much as allow them to be pared out at all; which, however, is going to an Extreme, as it is apt to breed Foulnefs, Thrufihes, &c. But the beft Way is to pare no more off from the Sole (or bottom of the Foot) than what is necefary to make the Shoe fit clofe to the Foot; nor (hould there be any cut away from the Heel, or from the Frog, then juft to keep it clean, ex- cept where there is any Ailement that requires it; nor ihould any more of the Toe be cut off than to keep the Foot uniform with the Shoe; for the cutting down the Toes to the Degree that fome do, both wires the Heels, and hinders Horfes from treading fo firm on their Feet as otherwise they ihould do. The Shoe ought not to be beat out hollow, as the common Manner is, but made flat, that it may fit clofe and well to the Foot; nor to there Occafion to make it fo thick as we often fee them; as it is only a great Weight to the Hoifes Feet, and confequently mutt hinder his going. The Shoe- likewife ought not to projedt out beyond the Heel of the Horfe: In fhort, a neat, plain, uniform Shoe is beft, being juft large enough to cover the bottom of theFoot, and no more. This Method muft be the moft natural as well as beneficial to a Horfe, and come nearer to the firft Intention of Shoeing; which certainly was defigned for the Prefervation of Horfes Feet, and not to hurt and deftroy them. An 'N An ALPHABETICAL I S T OF T HE N nimcs of all, the Drugs and Ingredients ufed in the Medicines contained in the New Trcatilj on the DisEASES of Ho.RsEs. A ANISEE D Aloes Am mloniacum Amber Antimony Aflaffcetida ./Ethiops Mineral Allum Allum-curd Aurum Mofaicum Ariftolochia, longa or rotunda Afparagus-roots Aquafortis Ad Hemnium Plaifler Arfenic Acacia, Acorn-cups Armenian Bole. B BA LSAM of Sulphur Bole Ammoniac IBaum Biftort.-root Box Barley Buckthorn Baluffine Flowers Birthwort, long or round Barbadoes Aloes Burdock Barbadoes Tar Black Sope Black Pepper Butter of Antimony Bees-wax Burgundy Pitch Bafificon., black. and Yellow Blue'Vitriol. C C NNABAR of Antimony Coltsfoot Crocus Metalortim Cliymical Oil of' Anifeeds Camomnile Flowers Callor Camphlire Camphirated Spirits of Wine Commun.- L of the M Cumminfeed Carthamus Seed Cream of Tartar. - Conferve of Red-rofes Contrayarva Cochineal Chio Turpentine Coroline Conferve of Wormwood Conferve of Rue Crude Quickfilver Cerufs of Antimony Cinnamon Caftile Sope Crocus Martis Aperiens Crude Antimony Crude Mercury Cantharides Cyprefs Nuts Creafes Comfrey Calomel Crude Sal Ammoniac Corrofive Sublimate Coperas Chymical Oil of Turpentine Chalk. D D lTaphoretic Antimony Diapenti Diafcordium Ditany Dock-root Dominio Plaifler Dragon's Blood Diachylon Plaifter. E LICAMPANE Elder Flowers lixir Proprietatis wmes of Drugs, &c. Elder Leaves and Bark Etherial Oil ofT urpentine. F FENUGRE EK Flower of Brimftone Filings of Iron Figs Florentine Oris-root Fleawort Fern Frankincenfe Filings of Tin. G G U M Guaiacum Guaiacuni Wood Gum Galbanum Gum Arabic Gum Tragacanth Garlic Galingal Gentian Gum Ammoniacum Glauber's Salts Ground Ivy Germander Ginger Galbanum Green Sope Galls Gum Colophony. H HO N E Y Hyffop Horehound Honey of Rofes Herb Mercary Herb Pellitory Hogs Lard, Jalap A Lifl Aq Li' of the Names of Drugs Maffi c I N ercury, Quickfilver Mel-Egyptiacum. JALAP Juice of Liquorice Juniper-berries Indian Rhubarb joppa Sope Irifh Slate Japan Earth Jeiuits Bark. L TIQUOR ICE Lj Linfeed Oil Lenitive Eleluary Limons Liver of Antimony Liquorice-root .Lucatellus Balfam Leaves and Bark of El-der Letharge of Gold Lapis Calaminaris Lime-water. M M ERCURIUS M\4allows Marlh-mallows Muffard-feed Mifletoe MAyrrh Mithridate Ivlathew's Pill Mercurius Alkali Satus Miuci age Quince-feed Madder-root Monks Rhubarb Martiaturn, or Soldiers rnft Mtelljlot idlvrtiC Dulcis N A TI VE Cinnabar Nerve Ointment Nutmeg Nitre or Sal Prunellz. OI L of Amber Ointmentof Marfl-mal. lows Oil of Bays Oil of Olives Opium Opodeldock Oris-root Oxymel of Squils Oil of Sulphur by the Bel Oil of Cloves Oil of Savin Oil of Turpentine Oil of Vitriol Oil of Petre Oil of Origanum Oak Bark Ofmimnd Royal Oil of Elder Oil of Earth-worms Oil of Spike Oil of Swallows Ointment of Elder. P Oint- PENYROYAL Pomegranate Bark Pellitory Parfley-root Pulvis San&Lus Pome- _ ufed in Medicines for Horfes. Pomegranate Peal Precipitate Pot-Affies Pearl-Affies Pliagedanic-water. Q. Q UICKSILVER. R R AISINS Rue Ruffia Caflor Rofe Tinaure Roots of Marih-mallows Rhubarb Rafpins of Guaiacum Rhaponticum Roots of fharp-pointed Dock Rubia Tin&orum, or Madder Rupture Plailler Roch Allum Red Precipitate Roman Vitriol Relified Spirits of Wine Rye Flour. S SUCCOTRINE Aloes Salt of Tartar Syrup of Buckthorn Saffron Spermaceti Sal Mirabile Sugar of Lead Sugarcandy Sal Prunellx Sage Sweet Fennel-feeds Scordium 'alt of Wormwood Savin Syrup of MarIh-mallows Sulphur Syrup of Rofes Sena Sal Ammon ac Spanilh Liquorice Stralburgh, or common Tur- pentine. Sope Syrup of Corn-Poppies Sharp-pointed Dock Sublimate Solomon's-Seal Seeds of Plantain Southernvood St. John's-wort Star of the Earth Spirit of Vitriol. T TREACLE 1 Torinental -root Tinaure of Cantharides Tanfy Turmeric Train Oil Tinture of Euphorbium Tinature of Hellibore Turbith Mineral Tlindure of Myrrh Turpentine Turnips. V EN ICE Turpentine V Valerian Root Vi triol Vinegar Y irginia Snalkeweed Venice Treacle Venice A Lif of tk Venice Sope Verjuice Vinegar of Rofes Unredifvyd Oil of Amber Unre&ifv'd Oil of Turpentine Verdegreafe. W Wll iINE Lees. IV, 7 White Vitriol Wormwood Wood-Afihes Names of Drugs. Wood-Soot Woad White Wine Vinegar. y y ELLOW Rofin Yellow Bafilicou. z Z EDOARY. AN A -N o F Di SEASES with their RE ME DIES. A. A POP LE XX, p. 47. Bleedingg very proper, J p. 8. Mild aloetic Purges, p. 49. Powders of Cinnabar of Antinony, &c. ibid. Row- elling, p. 48. Afthma, fre Covgh and Alhrma. Atrophy, fee C'onIumption. Appetite loft, p. 109. A mild Purge for a Horfc that feeds poorly, ili.. A Drink, p. i io. B. Burns, p. zo2. Common Salt, ibl:4. RetIfied Sri- rits of XVine, iLid. Poultices, Ointments, &c. p. 207. Burftennefs, fie RPupturCC. Broken Wind, p. 98. Bleeding proper, P. 99. Mercurial Phyfic, ibid. Caiomel Balls, ibid. Mild Pur-es, ilid. All healing and baliamic Medicines, p. ioo. Deterfive Balls, p. Ilo. Aurum Mofaicuni Balls, p. 102. Cinnabar Ealls, ibid. Binding of the Hoof, p. 2 35. Iiooa- IN D B x of DifeafeS, Dlood-Spavin, p. 194. Reftringent Fomentations0 &c. p. I95. Bliufering, p. I97. Firing, ibid. A ftrengthening Charge, ibid. Bone-Spavin, p. I78. Blifering proper, p. I So. and Purging, p. i8I. and Diuretics, ibid. C. Canker in tho Foot, p. 242. Caullic Oils, &c. 1P 243. Catarads, fee Moon-Eyes. Cheft-Founder, fee 1leurify external. Colds, p. 79. Bleeding necefiary, p. So. Pe&oral Drinks, i/1. anc. Cordial Balls, p. 8I. Cholic and Gripes, p. I 1 3. Bleeding in the Mouth, p. 1 4. and ra!"i.ng, ibid. Diuretic Balls, p. I I5. JefUits 1Lark Utlful in an inveterate Cholic, p. i I6. Warm Cordial Balls, p. 117.- Contiuption, p. I 04. Bleeding moderately, p. io6. Ealis tfOr a Confumption, i/id. A pedoral and Gcte-1.ive Drink, p. io7. Mild Purges neceffary, in an Atrophy, p. ic8. and Cinnabar Powders, Convullions, and Jaw-fet Horfes, p. 57. Mercurial Balls for ConvuuiIlons, p. 6o. Drinks made with Ca"ior, Aashfcxtida, Saffron, &--c. p. 62. A Li- niment, p. 6o. Medicines for Horfes of fmall Value, p. 6I. A purging Ball for a convulfed HIrfle, p. 62. Colfivenefs, p. 126. An opening Drink, p. 127. Oily Clyfiers proper, ibid. A nild Purge, ibid. Coughl and Allhma, p. 92. Eleeding proper, p. 93.' Mdercurial Balls, ibid. and alterative Purges, p. 94. A Diet-Drink, ibid.. Cinnabar Bails, p. 9S. Pro- per Internals for H-orfes that wheeze and are tlhick-winded, p. 96. Pedoral and balfamic Balls for an AIthma, p. 97. Crown Scab, p. 24I1. Critical Tumours, fie Tumours. Curbs, p. i8z. Bliftering and Firing, p. 183. D. Diab)etes, or profufe Staling, p. I41. A refiringent and balfamic Ball, ibid. A Drink for a Diabetes, p. 142. Dry Surfeit, fee Surfeits. Epilepfy, 'zoh their Remediets E. Epilepfy, p. 5z. Bleeding, ibid. Cephalic Balls, p. 53. A Drink for the fame, ibid. Mifletoe, good in Convulfions, ibid. Eyes, Biows and Contufions, p. 65. A cooling Ca- taplafm, ibid. Eye-water, p. 66. Bleeding and Rovelling, When heceffary, ibid. A Powder, p. 67, Wounds of the Eyes, ibid. Proper Dref- fings, p. 68. A Fomentation for the Eyes, p. 69. Lunatic or Moon-Eyes, &c. p. 69. Bleeding proper, p. 70. Eye-waters, p. 71. and Purges, ibid. Antimony Powders, good to prevent Moon-Blind- nefs, p. 7z. Drinks for the fame ufe, ibid. F. Falfe Quarter, p. 238. Farcin, or Farcy, p. i 58. Bleeding, when proper, p. I 59, i 6 i. A cooling and laxative Drink, p. i 6o. An Ointment, ibid. An excellent Mixture to be ufed outwardly, p. I 6z. A Liniment to heal the Sores, ibid. Other outward Applications, p. I63, I 64, i 66, I 67, i 68. A mercurial Ball for a rank Farcy, p. I68. A deterfive Drink, p. I69. A refiringent Draught, p. I70. Cinnabar Balls, good in the Farcy, ibid. Fiftula in the Withers, p. zi8. A Mixture to pre- vent a Fiflula, p. 221. A Poultice to ripen a Fi- flula, ibid. A Iharp Mixture for an obftinate Fi- flula, p. 223. Fevers, p. 72. lBleeding neceffary, p. 73. A cool- ing Drink for a fimple Fever, ibid. A cooling emollient Clyfler, p. 74. An Infufion for a ma- lignant Fever, p. 76, 78. Balls for a malignant Fever, p. 78. G. Glanders, p. 21 1. Proper Remedies for the Glan- ders, p.i 21. Greafe, p. z2g. A Purge for the Greafe, p. 239. A powerful diuretic Drink, p. 239. Outward Applications, p. 240. H. Hide-bouind, p. i5o. Calomel Balls and purging of fervice, r. i IS awis I E X ofDyrafe4 I. Taws fet. See Convulfions. Jardon, p. 184. The Cure, ibia. Ives or Vives, p. 84. Ointment of Marlh-mallows go6d to be ufed outwardly, ibid. In cafe of a Fever, Bleeding, cooling Drinks, p. 85. K. Kidneys hurt or firained, p. I 33. 3Balls to heal the Kidncys, p. 135, I36. A healing Drink, ibid. A Clyfter, ibid. A mild Purge to be given after- wards, ibid. L. Lamenefs in the Shoulder, p. Z24. Coolers and Repellers, beff in the Cure of Strains, p. zz5. A proper Embrocation, ibid. Fomentations ne- cefIary, ibid. and Rowelling, p. 2z6. Lamenefs of the Knees and Pallerns, p. 277. PouI- tices good in the Beginning, ibid. A firengthening Mixture, ibid. Lamenefs of the Coffin, p. 2z. Bliflering and Firing the befl, ibid. Lamenefs in the Back-Sinew, p.-228. Strengthen- ers proper, p. 229. Mild tliftering, ibid. A Charge, ibid. Lamenefs in the Stifle, p. 230. Coolers and Repel- lers, ibid. A Fomentation, ibid. Lamenefs in the Whirl-Bone and Hip, p. 23 . In the Beginning, with Coolers, &c. ibid. When lodged in the Joint, Bliffering and Firing, p. 232. Lamenefs in the Hock, p. 1 32. Coolers, Repellers, Foinentations, Bliflering, Firing, mercurial Charge, ibid. Lax and Scouring, &c9s. p. i 2.2. A cleanfing Drink, p. 123. An alterative Ball, ibid. A Rhubarb 1all, p. i24. Refringents, when proper, ibid. A Clyffer, p. i 25. A firengthening Ball, p. i z6. Lethargy, JAe Sleeping Evil. M. Mallenders, p. 233. A Liniment for it, ibia' Mange, p. '; . External Applications, p. I5 . A mercurial tUall for the Mange, ibi;d. A Purge, ibid. ol'Iten witb teir Remedes. Molten Greafe,. p. I f. Bleelihg plentifully, ilid. and Rowelling, p. 153. An emolhehit Clyftex, ibid. A Drik, ibid. A Purge, p. 154. N. Narrow Heels, p. 234. A Pouldice and Ointment for the fame, ibid. tfflets, p, 084. Oil of Origanum good to take them of at firft, ibid. if of long Continuance, Blifters and Firing, ibid. P. Palfy, &c. p. 54. Proper external Applications, Pleunfy, &c. p. 8,. Bleeding, p. 86. a sid Rowells p. 87. Blifering of great ufe, ibid. A balfamic Drink, ibid. and Ball, p. 88. An enmollient Clyflter, ibid. Caffor, &c. and purging Clyfters, fometimes neceffary, p. 89. A mild Purge after the Pleurify, p. 90. Pleurify external, p. 91. Bleeding Pe&orals, &c. ibid. Ointment of Marlh-mallows proper out- wardly, ibid. Poll-Evil, p. ziz. Warm Vnegar, p. 213. Ripen- ing Poultices, p. 214. A Tiniure, p. 1i6. A lharp Mixture when defperate, p. 217. Phage- danic Water, good in the Poll'Evil, p. 2I8. Q_ Quitter, p. 237. An Ointment for it, p. 238. k. Ring-Bone, p. x 85. Blifering and Firing the beft Remedy, p. i 86. Diuretics, when necefiary, p. I87. A. Charge for a Ring-Bone, ibid. Running Thrufh, p. 241. A- vulnerary Mixture, p. 242. Purges and diuretics proper, ibid. Ruptures, &c. p. i32. Fomentations the moll pro- per Remedy, ibid. S. Staggers, p. 63. Emollient Clyfters of great ufe, p. 6+. A mild purging Draught, ibid. Strangles, p. 8z. Ointment of Marlh-mallows pro- per to break the Swelling, p. 83. A Gargle for the MlOUtb, ibid. A Driiik for the Strangles, ibiA Staling IND EX of Di/e afees, &c. Staling Blood, p. i4o. Bleeding, ibid. A bA- famic and healing Ball, ibid. Strangury, p. I 39. Bleeding proper, ibid. A Drink for the Strangury, ibid. Suppreffion of Urine, p. I37. Bleeding, ftrong diuretic flimulating Clyflers, p. 138. A Cata. plafm, ibid. Surfeits, p. 143. A dry Surfeit, ibid. Bleeding, p. i44. A Purge for a dry Surfeit, ibid. Cin- nabar Powders, ibid. A Mercurial Ointment, p. 145. A wet Surfeit, ibid. A Purge, p. 146. Antimony good in Surfeits, p. 147. Strains. See Lamenefs. T. Tumours, p. 174. Critical Tumours, p. I75. F- mentations abfolutely necelfary, p. 176. Tu mours from Blows, &c. ibid. Coolers and Re- pellers proper, p. I77. A cold Charge, p. 173. V Voracious Appetite, p. I I 0. A Draught, p. I I 2. Ulcers, p. 208. Digeflive Ointments for Ulcers, p. o09, 2I. Powders to give inwardly,, iOid. W. Water Farcy, p. 1 71. A Drink for the Water Farcy, p. I72, 173. APetoral Ball, p. 173. APurge, p. 172. Powders for it ibid. Windgals, p. 19I. A reftringent Fomentation, p, I93. Bliflering and Fining the belt Remedy in o Itinate Windgals, p. 194. Worms, p I I7. Afcandes, or fmall Worms, p. x I S. Savin fuccefsful to cure the Botts, ibid.' Earth- worms. ibid. Purges to deftroy Vermin, p. I 9, I 20, I 2 I. A calomel Ball, p. I zo A Drink, p. I 21 . Wounds, p. I20. Digellives, p. 203 Contus'd Wounds on the Joints, P. 204. Pun ctur'd Wounds, ivid. Fomentations offi ngular ufe inWounds, p. zQ5. Yellows, &c. p. 128. Plentiful Bleeding neceflary, p. 129. An emollient Clyfler, ibid. A Drink, p.I 30. Balls for the Yellows or Jaundice, p. 1 31 . M14ild Purges and Rowelling often neceffary, ibid. F I N I S.