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Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.11 n.1 Kentucky Negro Educational Association 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2003 kneav11n1 These pages may freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.11 n.1 Kentucky Negro Educational Association Kentucky Negro Educational Association Louisville, Kentucky October-November 1940 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Vol. XI October-November, 1940 No. 1 1940 ANNUAL PROCEEDINGS THE OLIVER STREET HIGH SCHOOL Winchester, Kentucky G. W. ADAMS, Principal BOSWELL B. HODGKIN, Supt. "An Equal Educational Opportunity For Every Kentucky Child" I we I __. MITI VI fill[ YOU" I ITITI 111FLIULL-0 -- - I 1 1 The Kentucky State College Established 1866 Frankfort, Kentucky A Progressive State Supported Institution COURSES ARTS and SCIENCES AGRICULTURE HOME ECONOMICS MECHANIC ARTS Class A Four-Year College For All Information, Write To R. B. Atwood, President LINCOLN INSTITUTE Lincoln Ridge, Kentucky Courses Offered HIGH SCHOOL BUILDING TRADES AGRICULTURE HOME ECONOMICS APPLIED ELECTRICITY COMMERCE PLUMBING RADIO STEAM BOILERRAI OPERATION MUSIC WORK SCHOLARSHIPS AND N. Y. A. SCHOLARSHIPS ARE AVAILABLE For Further Information Write Director Whitney M. Young, Lincoln Ridge, Ky. ...... The K. N. E. A. Journal Official Organ of the Kentucky Negro Education Association Vol. XI October-November, 1940 No. 1 Published by the Kentucky Negro Education Association Editorial Office at 1925 W. Madison Street Louisville, Kentucky Atwood S. Wilson, Executive Secretary, Louisville, Managing Editor. S. L. Barker, Owensboro, President of K. N. E. A. BOARD OF DIRECTOBS Lyle Hawkins, Louisville Whitney M. Young, Lincoln Ridge E. Postor, Paducah Victor K. Perry, Louisville Published Bimonthly during the school year: October, December, February and April PRICE 50 CENTS PER YEAR OR 15 CENTS PER COPY Membership in the K. N. E. A. (One Dollar) includes subscription to the Journal Rates for Advertising space mailed on request Present Circulation, 2,000 Copies. 1940 K. N. E. A. Membership 1460 CONTENTS K. N. E. A. Officers for 1940-41 .................................. a Editorial Comment .............................................. 5 Minutes of the General Sessions of 1940 Convention ............... 8 Extracts from Departmental Reports .............................. 11! Resolutions of the 1940 Convention ............................... 14- Report of the Governor's Advisory Committee ............ : ........ LS Report of Committee on a Program of Equalities in Higher Education ................................................. 195 Secretary-Treasurer's Financial Report ........................... 20 The Auditing Committee Report ................................ 23 Special Report of the Secretary-Treasurer ........................ 25 The Negro Mother (a poem by Langston Hughes) ................. 28 Honor Members of K. N. E. A. for 1940 ........................... 29 K. N. E. A. Honor Roll-1940 ..................................... 31 K. N. E. A. Kullings ...................................... 34 "Keep Out of the Gutter," Dr. Charles Stelzle ................... 36 TEACHER LOANS On Signature OnIp No Security TIME FINANCE CO., Pioneer, Kentucky Finance Institution, offers a state-wide complete and comprehensive SIGNATURE ONLY loan service for teachers in need of money. After the payless vacation period, many teachers find themselves in need of funds to tide them over until school pay checks come in. AVAILABLE EVERYWHERE Time offers a swift, simple, easy plan which is available to every teacher throughout the State of Kentucky. Wherever the postman blows his whistle a Time Teacher Loan-By-Mail can be arranged. REDUCED RATES Charges substantially below lawful rates allowed by the State are available in many classifications. Full details available on inquiry. FIVE KENTUCKY OFFICES With the opening of its Corbin Office, Time Finance Co. now has five offices thoroughly equipped to serve the financial needs of Kentucky teachers. Loans may be obtained by ap- plying in person or by sending No Obligation Coupon to the nearest of Times' Five Offices. No Endorsers FIVE KENTUCKY OFFICES Citizens Bank Bldg. Phone 623 4th and Broadway Paducah 2nd Floor Phone 22 121 S. 7th Street Mayfield 2nd Floor Phone 266 101 N. Limestone Lexington 209 Marion Taylor Bldg. Wabash 6631 312 S. 4th St. Louisville 105 Center Street Phone 105 Opposite Post Office Corbin (Detach and mail to nearest office) TIME. FINANCE CO. Incorporated Gentlemen: Without obligation, send full details of your Teacher Loan- by-Mail-Plan. Name ..................... Address .................... City ....................... Amount Desired $............ Salary ........ I I K. N. E. A. Officers For 1940-41 S. L. Barker, President .................................. Owensboro Theda Van Lowe, First Vice-President ................... Lexington J. Bryant Cooper, Second Vice-President .................. Louisville Atwood S. Wilson, Secretary-Treasurer ....... ........... Louisville L. V. Ranels, Assistant Secretary .......... .............. Winchester Elizabeth G. Clark, Historian ........................... Springfield BOARD OF DIRECTORS S. L. Barker, President ................................. Owensboro Lyle Hawkins (Term Expires 1942) ....................... Louisville Victor K. Perry (Term Expires 1942) .................... Louisville Whitney M. Young (Term Expires 1941) .............. Lincoln Ridge E. Poston (Term Expires 1941) ............................ Paducah DEPARTMENTAL AND CONFERENCE CHAIRMEN J. T. Williams, High School and College Department ...... Frankfort Lucy Hart-Smith, Elementary Education Department ...... Lexington M. L. Copeland, Rural School Department ..... ....... Hopkinsville R. L. Carpenter, Music Department ...................... Louisville Whitney M. Young, Vocational Education Department... Lincoln Ridge Nora H. Ward, Principals' Conference ...................... Newport Blanche G. Elliott, Primary Teachers' Department ........ Greenville Eunice Singleton, Youth Council ......................... Louisville Ouida Wilson, Art Teachers' Conference .................. Louisville Rufus Stout, Social Science Teachers' Conference .......... Louisville Cabell Merritt, Science Teachers' Conference ..... ......... Richmond Virgil Perry Ford, English Teachers' Conference ........... Maysville Naomi Lattiihore, Librarians' and Teachers Conference ...... Louisville William Summers, Physical Education Department ...... Harrodsburg Margurite Parks, Guidance Workers' Conference .......... Louisville Hazel B. Williams, Foreign Language Teachers' Conference.. Louisville Lyle Hawkins, Adult Education Department .............. Louisville PRESIDENT OF K. N. E. A. DISTRICT EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS (K. N. E. A. ORGANIZERS) 1. Plumer Nichols, Hickman .............. First District Association -2. Austin Edwards, Earlington ...... .... Second District Association 3. R. H. Sewell, Glasgow ........ ........ Third District Association 4. Amos R. Lasley, Hodgenville ...... .... Fourth District Association 5. Etta Taylor, Harrods Creek ...... ...... Fifth District Association '6. Whitney M. Young, Lincoln Ridge ... Bluegrass District Association 7. H. R. Merry, Covington ...... ...... Northern District Association 8. William Gilbert, Wheelwright ........ Eastern District Association 9. A. F. Gibson, Pineville....Upper Cumberland District Association 3 INTER-COLLEGIATE PRESS 615 Wyandotte Street KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI Manufacturers and Distributors of: YEAR BOOKS JEWELRY INVITATIONS VISITING CARDS DIPLOMAS CAPS AND GOWNS CLASS GIFTS MEDALS W. C. COCHRAN Kentucky State Supervisor 4 Built For Your Protection The DOMESTIC LIFE and ACCIDENT INSURANCE CO. Louisville, Kentucky I J Editorial Comment I OUR COVER The new Oliver Street High School of Winchester has just been completed. It is said to be one of the most attractive modern buildings in the state. It has 29 rooms, and is equipped with the latest conven- iences. The new addition was erected at a cost of $40,000 and the en- tire building is at present valued at $58,480.90. This school has been one of the most progressive schools in our state and is under the efficient leadership of Prof. G. W. Adams. THE SCHOOL YEAR-1940-41 We welcome all new teachers into the profession and extend to these and others who worked heretofore, greetings and best wishes for a successful school year during 1940-41. During the school year, the K. N. E. A. will sponsor certain activ- ities for the professional improvement of teachers. We shall continue through our representation on the State Retirement Board of Directors to safeguard the interests of our teachers. Our cooperation with the N. A. A. C. P. for removing the inequalities in education will continue. A special effort will be made to bring before our various communities the building needs for colored youth in Kentucky. There is an urgent need for better school buildings. A general comparison of the build- ings for colored and white children will reveal this situation. We shall sponsor during the school year a State Spelling Contest. The secretary will shortly send out a list of words and the rules for elimination contests in the cities and counties and for the final contest in Louisville, April 18, 1941. We shall send out the K. N. E. A. Journal and make it as large as funds permit. A program for the 65th Convention in Louisville, April 16-19, will be arranged, bringing to us, as heretofore, educators of na- tional reputation. Our legislative program will include plans to urge a large appro- priation for the Kentucky State College at Frankfort and an additional curricula, such as business, engineering, and aviation. We shall push forward the program of vocational training at Paducah, Kentucky. There should be certain vocational schools on the junior college level. Our high school graduates should have advanced training in electricity, plumbing, carpentry, auto-mechanics, home economics, dressmaking, etc. It is possible to secure federal aid for these courses at this higher level. Both types of schools are needed to adequately serve all the youth of our state. The program outlined merits the support of every colored teacher in Kentucky. Send in your 1940-41 enrollment, one dollar, to the sec- retary as soon as possible. 5 OUR KENTUCKY SUPERINTENDENTS The secretary of the K. N. E. A. would like to commend the super- intendents of Kentucky for their interest in the Kentucky Negro Edu- cation Association. As one may note in the Honor Roll published herein that many superintendents have sent in the enrollment fees of their colored teachers to the K. N. E. A. secretary just as they have sent in the fees of their white teachers to the secretary of the K. E. A. Each year the number of superintendents who show an interest in the K. N. E. A. increases. It is hoped that the superintendents will mention en- rollment in the K. N. E. A. when they address their colored teachers. Some superintendents have some teacher or principal to see that the fees are collected and sent to the K. N. E. A. Secretary. Many superin- tendents look forward to receiving their honor roll certificates for the 100 percent enrollment of their colored teachers in the K. N. E. A. THE K. N. E. A. TREASURY The K. N. E. A. Treasury is at its lowest ebb during the last 18 years. The meager balance shown in the financial report is not suf- ficient to publish a comprehensive "Annual Proceedings" in our Octo- ber-November Journal as heretofore.- The balance does not permit our K. N. E. A. office to operate in the usual manner performing the serv- ices of previous years. The membership fees of the Association, ap- proximately $1,500, permit only the expenses of our annual program, speakers fees, meeting places, etc., expenses of our annual spelling con- test, the publication of three Journals and the clerical hire for the maintenance of the office of the Secretary-Treasurer. Any other activ- ities of the association that require expenditure of funds regardless of the worthiness of the activity should only be planned with some pro- vision for raising the revenue needed for the added obligations. The voting out of any sum without provision for raising that sum is faulty financing, and unless this practice is discontinued, it is possible that the K. N. E. A. will go backward from the standpoint of its present ed- ucational activities-the alternative being to have the association as- sume objectives of a nature different from heretofore. Because of the situation outlined principals and organizers are asked to collect fees for 1940-41 as soon as possible. We call upon you in this emergency. JOSEPH S. COTTER, SR. Joseph S. Cotter, Louisville Negro poet, and the principal of the Samuel Coleridge Taylor School in Louisville, is the author of a play in blank verses, "Caleb the Degenerate," recently published by Henry Harrison. The play is a study of the contrasts between culture and degradation 6 found among members of a Negro group. A review of the book, in the New York Dramatic Mirror, says that "Joseph S. Cotter is one of the few American Negroes who have turned their hands to the making of serious literature. He is the principal of a ward school in Louisville and he owes his education and his position solely to his own efforts. A play from such a man demands attention, particularly since the author has chosen to write his own people and of subjects that lie close to his heart." AMERICAN EDUCATION WEEK, 1940 General Theme: Education for the Common Defense Sunday. November 10-Enriching Spiritual Life Monday, November 11-Strengthening Civic Loyalties Tuesday, November 12-Financing Public Education Wednesday, November 13-Developing Human Resources Thursday, November 14 - Safeguarding Natural Re- sources Friday, November 15-Perpetuating Individual Liberties Saturday, November 16-Building Economic Security How Schools Develop Human Resources 1. Schools Develop minds and bodies 2. Schools Search Out and Develop Individual Talents 3. Schools Seek to Provide Universal Educational Op- portunity 4. Schools Provide Guidance on Life Problems 5. Schools Prepare for Home and Family Life 6. Schools Seek to Develop Good Character 7. Dedicated to the Improvement of Human Resources Let every school system plan a comprehensive Amer- ican Education Week Program that the people may know what the schools are doing, and can do, for the common defense. I 7 Minutes of the General Sessions of 1940 Convention Louisville, Kentucky, April 17-20, 1940 FIRST GENERAL SESSION Wednesday, April 17, 1940 The K. N. E. A. met on the above date and place for its 64th annual convention. Mr. J. Bryant Cooper, Vice President of the K. N. E. A. presided and made the weloming address. Past Presidents and officers of the K. N. E. A. were seated on the rostrum. A response was made by Miss Carrie D. Mur- ray, of Carlisle, Kentucky. Two main addresses featured this pro- gram, that of President S. L. Barker of Owensboro, Kentucky, and Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown of Sedalia, North Carolina. Pres- ident Baker reviewed the activities of the K.N.E.A. during the past year and urged that teachers of Kentucky assume their respon- sibilities in doing things which would improve the educational status of the colored children of Kentucky and tend to eliminate inequalities in educational op- portunities. Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown was fittingly introduced by Dean David A. Lane of Louisville Mu- nicipal College. Dr. Brown dis- cussed the theme of the conven- tion, "Democracy in Education" and stated that democracy was a state of being where an individ- ual could have an expression for the benefit of the majority. She said that 20 years ago we fought to save the world for democracy and that today we are trying to save democracy. SECOND GENERAL SESSION Thursday, April 18, 1940 The Second General Session was held on the above date at which time reports were made by the Necrology Committee, Mr. Amos Lasley, Chairman, and the Legislative Committee, Mr. A. E. Mayzeek, chairman. The feature address was made by Dr. Rodney H. Brandon of Batavia, Illinois. Dr. Brandon spoke on the subject of "How to Keep Boys Out of Prison." He stated that education and Sunday School attendance were the best of insurance against going to prison. Professor S. L. Barker presided at this session. The report of the Legislative Committee outlined the work of that committee and emphasized what had been done by that com- mittee toward equalization of educational opportunities in the higher education of the Negro in Kentucky. Professor Meyzeek ex- plained how the Governor's Com- mittee was a result of a move- ment begun by the K. N. E. A. Legislative Committee. THIRD GENERAL SESSION Thursday Night, April 18, 1940 The Third General Session op- ened with Professor S. L. Barker, presiding with presidents of the various district associations seated on the rostrum. A report of the Nominating Committee was made by the chairman, W. E. Newsome, 8 and received by a general vote o the body. President R. B. Atwooi of the Kentucky State Colleg then made a summary of the re port of the Governor's Committee regarding higher education of the Negro. President Atwood's repor indicated that some progress was made in having Kentucky StatE College have an appropriation foi giving those courses which would tend to equalize the offerings of Kentucky State College with those of the University of Kentucky. For the interest which Presi- dent Atwood took in this commit- tee and the general improvement of Kentucky State College during the past year, he was awarded the Lincoln Institute Key Award by J. Mansir Tydings of Lincoln Insti- tute. The feature address was giv- en by Langston Hughes, poet, nov- elist, and dramatic artist. Mr. Hughes was fittingly introduced by Mr. Robert Lowery, chairman of the English Department of the K. N. E. A. Mr. Hughes used his poems as a basis for his address in developing the topic "The Doors of Tomorrow." A highlight of his ad- dress was his tribute which he paid to the Mothers of the chil- dren of today who toil to see that their children have better educa- tional opportunities than they had. Mr. Hughes urged the teachers who have our youth not to lose courage and faith because of the depression. He stated that we should stress the achievements of our race and the progress which has been made so that we may be encouraged to have faith in the future. If FOURTH GENERAL SESSION Id Friday, April 19, 1940 e The Fourth General Session aopened with a band concert un- der the direction of Mr. Otis t Eades of the Kentucky School for the Blind. The invocation was. given by Rev. M. B. Lanier of Simmons University. The Secre- * tary-Treasurer made his annual * report. The Secretary showed re- ceipts of the fiscal year up to April 1, 1940 which amounted to $3,033.39, and payments that were $2,476.56. There remained a bal- ance of $556.83 in the bank and along with the Research Commit- tee balance, the final balance was $609.97. The Secretary pointed out that he planned to retire from of- fice in the near future because of the increasing demands made up- on his time by the growing activi- ties of the association. He pointed, out that he had sent out from the, office during the year three K. N.. E. A. Journals, newsettes, many- letters and kept the K. N. E. A.. office open at all times. The Auditing Committee made- its report in which it was stated the report of the Secretary-Treas- urer was correct in detail. The committee went on record as com- mending the Secretary on the ex- cellent records which he kept. Mimeographed copies of the Sec- retary-Treasurer's report were distributed throughout the aud- ience at the time of this report. The feature address of this ses- sion was made by President H.. Council Trenholm, Executive Secretary of the American Teach- ers Association. President Tren-- holm outlined the work of that or-. 9 ganization and urged Kentucky teachers to take out membership in it. He explained in his address that the unified effort was neces- sary on the part of the Negro teachers in the United States to bring about equal educational opportunities. Special music was rendered by Jackson Junior High School of Louisville. During the convention various schools were on the program: Central High School, at the Wednesday night General Session; Madison Junior High School, on the Thursday night General Session; and Lin- cohn Institute, also on the Thurs- day night General Session. Var- ious individuals gave solos as list- ed in the April, 1940, K. N. E. A. Journal. FINAL GENERAL SESSION Saturday, April 20, 1940 This session of the K. N. E. A. was given over largely to business. The meeting was opened with an invocation by Prof. Carl M. Burn- side of Monticello. The first order of business was the report of the election committee. The following officers were declared elected: S. I. Barker, President; V. K. Perry and Lyle Hawkins, Directors; At- wood S. Wilson, Secretary-Treas- urer; Mrs. Theda Van Lowe and -J. Bryant Cooper, first and second Vice President; Miss L. V. Ranels, Assistant Secretary; and Mrs. Elizabeth Clark, historian. The amendment for increasing the membership fee from $1.00 to $1.50 per year was defeated (115 votes having been registered against it and 48 in favor of it). Both amendments for making the Board of Directors of the K. N. E. A. more representative of the state received approximately a hundred votes each but since the amendments were conflicting and teachers voted on both of them the chair ruled that there were not any new amendments to the Constitution at the 1940 Conven- tion. The Association by vote sus- tained the ruling of the president. Professor H. C. Russell then made his report for the Advisory Committee and also spoke of N. Y. A. work in Kenttucky. The next report was that of the Committee on Higher Education for Negroes in Kentucky. This re- port was made by Dr. J. T. Wil- liams of Kentucky State College and was adopted by the body by final count of 25-15 votes. It was then moved and seconded that de- partmental reports be handed to the Secretary without being read at the general session. A motion was then passed that the Committee on Educational Inequalities be given $12.90 addi- tional, thus making a total of $512.90 allowed the Committee on Educational Inequalities of which -Mr. L. W. Gee is chairman. The $12.90 of this amount was used for the expenses of the meeting of this committee and the balance of $500.00 was authorized for a do- nation. A motion was then passed that a committee be elected to set up the program for the pur- pose of raising $5,000.00 to be used in the promotion of education equality in Kentucky and that this committee have control in the use of this fund, officers to consist of the chairman, a bonded treas- urer, and a secretary. It was then moved and seconded that this committee consist of Mr. L. W. 10 Gee, chairman, Mr. R. B. Atwood, Miss Helen Noel, Miss Sadie Yan- cey, and Mr. F. A. Taylor, along with the presidents of the dis- trict associations. A motion was passed that the business meeting of the K. N. E. A. be held annually on Friday of the convention at 2 P. M. A resolution was passed that the Board of Directors be instruct- ed to work out some plans by which the members of the K. N. E. A. may have access to the seats at the programs during night sessions of the convention and that if advisable an admission be -charged the general public. It was moved and seconded that the K. N. E. A. go on record as favoring and urging the passage of the Federal Anti-Lynching Bill and that U. S. Senators and Rep- resentatives of Kentucky be so advised. It was then moved and seconded that Prof. L. W. Gee read the report of his committee regarding the expenditure of funds by the committee on Edu- cational Equality. It was moved and seconded that K. N. E. A. aid the paying of expenses of the de- partment heads to the national and sectional meetings. This mo- tion was lost. A discussion followed and a motion prevailed that Prof. P. L. Guthrie and President S. L. Bark- er be the official delegates of the K. N. E. A. at the meeting of the American Teachers Association in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, during July, 1940. A motion was passed that the K. N. E. A. donate $10.00 to the Association for the study of Negro life and history. A motion was passed that K. N. E. A. pay an affiliation fee of $25.00 to the American Teachers Association for 1940. A motion was made that K. N. E. A. will go on record as endorsing Mr. 0. M. Travis of Monticello, Ky., as a candidate for the National Secretary of Ed- ucation of the A. M. E. Church.. This motion was lost. A motion- was passed that the president ap- point a K. N. E. A. Committee to evaluate the Association. The 64th Convention closed about 2 p. m. on this date, April 20, 1940. L. V. RANELS, Assistant Secretary. Winchester, Kentucky. ATWOOD S. WILSON, Louisville, Secy-Treas. S. L. BARKER, Owensboro, President. A motion was carried that the report read by Mr. Gee be adopt- ed. A motion was then passed that -a Parliamentarian of the K. N. E. A. be elected. A motion was carried that the expenses of the Equalities Com- mittee be paid by the K. N. E. A. A motion was carried that the K. N. E. A. not furnish from its treas- ury money for the Principals' Banquet. EXTRACTS FROM DEPART- MENTAL REPORTS 1. The High School and Col- lege Department of the K. N. E. A. under Dean J. T. Williams re- ported an interesting panel dis- cussion of which G. D. Wilson, Louisville Municipal College; Paul Guthrie, Principal Dunbar School Lexington; Wm. H. Perry, Principal Madison Junior High 11 School Louisville; and Theodore Dailey, Education professor at Kentucky State College, were chief participants. The discussion was designed to show what Ken- tucky Negroes might do to facili- tate the growth of education in Kentucky. 2. The Elementary Education Department reported three inter- esting sessions under the chair- manship of Mrs. Lucy Hart Smith. Several demonstrations were re- ported and the music groups from Louisville and Jefferson County Schools made the programs quite ,outstanding. 'The Annual Spelling Contest conducted by G. H. Brown was won by Evelyn Spencer of Lynch. The first prize of $25.00 was donated by the Courier-Jour- nal. Julia Wilford won the sec- ond prize of $10.00 which was do- nated by the K. N. E. A. 3. The Rural School Depart- ment under leadership of Mrs. M. L. Copeland reported a very large attendance. A feature address was by P. D. Fancher, Superin- tendent of the TJnion County Schools. Mrs. Emma Bennett of Jefferson County cooperated in making the program a success by furnishing music from the Jeffer- son County Schools. 4. The Music Department of the K. N. E. A. held interesting sessions under the leadership of Miss R. Lillian Carpenter. On Wednesday, April 17th, there was presented a one hour program by Louisville artists and musical groups. On Thursday, April 18th, a similar program was presented by representatives from various Kentucky cities. The highlight of the 1940 program was a demon- stration and resume of a study made in Louisville schools on the use of Negro music in public schools. 5. The Vocational Education Department of which Mr. Whitney M. Young of Lincoln Ridge is chairman, reported a session that was featured by a discussion rel- ative to employment opportuni- ties of Negroes. It was brought out that civilization cannot prosper if everyone seeks executive jobs. If vocational teachers can instill the right attitude toward the vo- cations, we have done a good job. There are 4,000,000 youths out of work, and 10% of this number are Negroes. 6. The Principles' Conference held its annual banquet at Phyllis Wheatley Y. W. C. A. on Thurs- day, April 18th. Mrs. Nora H. Ward-DeRamus of Newport was the chairman and directed a dis- cussion on "Defeating Delinquen- cy Through Adjustment." The fea- ture address was made by Mr. Carl C. Lyles, principal of Lin- coln High School of Princeton, Indiana, he having been fittingly introduced by Mr. Clyde C. Lig- gin, Principal of Virginia Avenue School in Louisville. 7. The Kindergarten-Primary Department met at Dunbar School of Louisville under the chairman- ship of Mrs. Blanche Elliott of Greenville. Music and reading demonstrations were followed by discussions. Mr. C. H. Johnson of Wilberforce made a special ad- dress on the Teaching of Art. 8. The Youth Council of the K. N. E. A. held its second annual session under the sponsorship of 12 Miss Eunice Singleton of Louis- ville. There were 30 delegates en- rolled from various Kentucky High Schools. Addresses were by C. L. Harris, Newport, and H. C. Russell, Louisville. Misses Bettie L. Whitenhill and Edwyna Offutt of Louisville were elected as rep- resentatives to the National Con- vention of the Youth Council. 9. The Art Department under the chairmanship of Miss Ouida Wilson conducted an art exhibit at Dunbar School in Louisville. An address on "Techniques in Art Training," by C. H. Johnson, Di- rector of Art at Wilberforce Uni- versity, was the feature of the session. 10. The Social Science teach- ers under the chairmanship of Mr. Rufus Stout reported an inter- esting panel discussion on Teach- ing of Social Science to present- day youth. The feature address was by Floyd W. Crawford of Louisville Municipal College. 11. The Science Teachers' Conference under the chairman- ship of H. B. Crouch reported a program featuring the theme, "Science Instruction and the Community." Dr. C. M. Young, Director of the Negro Health Center in Louisville cooperated with Dr. Crouch in making the program a success. Mr. J. R. Pate of the Bureau of Venereal Diseases from t h e State Department of Health, also participated in the program. Prof. Cabel Merritt of Richmond was elected Chairman of the Confer- ence for the ensuing year. 12. Mr. Robert S. Lawery re- ported that the English Teachers' Conference had one of its best meetings during the past conven- tion. Mr. Langston Hughes was on one of the programs and discuss- ed the works of contemporary Ne- gro writers, and how they might be used effectively in the literary course of study in our schools. The One-Act Play Contest was won by pupils from Madison Jun- ior High School, directed by Mr. Blyden Jackson. The proceeds of $14.60 were divided among the schools participating to help meet expenses. Miss Lena Mae Weathers, a stu- dent at Louisville Municipal Col- lege, won the first prize in the Creative Literature Contest. Mrs. Virgil Ford, of Maysville, was elected chairman for the en- suing year. 13. The Librarians and Teach- er-Librarians held a two-day con- ference under the chairmanship of Mrs. Naomi Lattimore, a librar- ian at Louisville Municipal Col- lege. The general theme was "The Library and the Child." The dis- cussions were featured by sugges- tions on how to meet the needs of Negro children in Kentucky for library facilities. Mrs. Helen Kean, L. B. Jett, Mrs. Viola Chenault led special discussions during the conference. 14. The Physical Education Department was under the direc- torship of Lamont Lawson, Vice- Chairman, who served in the ab- sence of Mr. Lorenzo Jones, who was ill. A symposium of Physical Education in Kentucky was open- ed by Mr. Robert M. White of Kentucky State College. Various educators of the state participated in the discussion that followed and emphasis was placed on bet- 13 ter physical education programs and facilities in the Negro Schools in the state. A demonstration in coaching was given with the var- sity players of Kentucky State College. Mr. William Summers of Har- rodsburg was elected the new chairman. 15. The Guidance - Workers' Conference had two interesting sessions under Miss Marguerite Parks of Louisville. The princi- pal address was made by Mrs. Gaye M. Peters, State Secretary of N.Y.A. on "Guidance Possibili- ties in a Student Work Program." Mrs. Peters was introduced by H. C. Russell, Assistant State Super- visor of N. Y. A. Interesting ac- counts of work of N. Y. A. stu- dents were given by Mr. E. W. Whiteside and Mr. W. M. Thomas. Music was rendered by the Boys' Glee Club, Mr. Carl Barour, direc- tor. The second session fea- tured an address on "Attitudes as a Factor in Vocational Adjust- ment," by Mr. L. B. Jett. 16. The Foreign Language Teachers' Conference under the leadership of Mrs. Hazel Brown Williams reported an exhibit of Foreign Language materials. The feature addresses were made by H. M. Jason of Kentucky State College, and Miss Juanita Offutt of Louisville, Kentucky. 17. The Adult Education De. partment under the leadership of Mr. Lyle Hawkins reported an in- teresting meeting during the K. N. E. A. on April 18th and 19th. Mr. William E. Johnson presided at the conference. The main address- es were by Mr. A. 0. Harris, Area Supervisor of W. P. A. Schools; Mr. Homer Nichols, Director of Special Education in Kentucky; and Mr. George Woolfolk, Prin- cipal of Adult Negro High Schools of Louisville. All the discussions emphasized the progress and needs in the Adult Education pro- gram. Resolutions of the 1940 Convention RESOLUTIONS COMMITTEE REPORT Gentlemen: The Committee on Resolutions of the sixty-fourth annual sess- ion of the Kentucky Negro Educa- tional Association suggests the following Resolutions for 1940: 1. Democracy in Education. Our Association has chosen for this year a theme which is of vi- tal importance to all Americans. Plans to carry out this theme are largely in the hands of the con- stituency of this Association. The teachers of Kentucky are aware of the Democratic ideals for our schools, and it is therefore expect- ed that this organization will give its strong support to the mainten- ance of principles of democratic education in Kentucky for Ne- groes. Democracy sets its stand- ards high and requires that all of its citizens share equally in the distribution of all the privileges and opportunities which it has to offer. This is true, regardless of race, creed or color or of the so- 14 cial strata of life in which its people live. With the years of experience which you have had, you have learned to detect when opportunities are being denied. We urge that you give your en- tire support not only to the teach- 'ing of the true principles of demo- cracy, but to the practice of these doctrines. 2. Salaries. Discrimination in salaries be- tween Negro and white teachers has existed for years and is pointed out by every student.who has made a survey of this sub- ject. So often has this fact been emphasized that we are sure that that there is not a teacher in the Commonwealth who is not famil- iar with this condition. The Asso- ciation must place greater empha- sis upon this discrimination and must use all of the power at its command to eliminate the racial differentiation in salaries in inde- pendent, county and city schools. Organized effort in this direction will prove to be tremendously more effective than if we attempt to go about improving this condi- tion single-handed. 3. Enactment of Teacher Re- firement System. We find that the 1940 Legisla- ture has made effective a Retire- ment System for teachers by ap- propriating $500,000 per year. This is the first time that such legisla- tion has been placed on the Stat- utes in Kentucky. This will begin operation July 1, 1940, and by 1942 sufficient funds will have been ac- cumulated to begin payments to teachers eligible for retirement. By this act, Kentucky has joined the ranks of the most progressive states in education. A new urge will be created among teachers to do their best since there is the re- ward of security after a life has been spent in service for the train- ing of youth. We acknowledge with grate- ful appreciation, the efforts of all who have supported the move- ment that has made real the hope for security in old age. Teachers can lift their heads after this al- truistic consideration'for it can be felt that the educational rating of our state will be raised because of this type of thought and action. 4. Report of the Governor's Advisory Committee on t h e Equalization of Higher Educa- tional Opportunities for Negroes. The Governor's Advisory Com- mittee has gone extensively into the study of the problems of higher education that affect Ne- groes in Kentucky and has made a report which should be read and studied by every progressive teacher. This report goes far in its. efforts to educate the entire population of Kentucky, as to the status of the Negro, and makes definite recommendations for a program that will improve the present conditions. In fact, it is explanatory within itself, and those who are interested in equal- ization of higher educational op- portunities for Negroes, would do well to thoroughly acquaint them- selves with this report. This in- formation will place you in a po- sition to intelligently work for an equalization of higher education. This committee is to be commend- ed for its diligent research and the broad-minded manner in which it has made its report. .5 5. Rural Education. The child who lives in a rural community in Kentucky fre- quently does not have available to him opportunities for schooling on a par with those of the city child. In regard to the Negro rural child, he suffers inequalities for being both rural and Negro. The contin- ued migration of the Negro popu- lation from the farms to the cities has only served to aggravate -the situation by creating a sparsity of Negro school children. This Asso- ciation must continue to keep the facts in this situation ever before those who make our laws and ad- minister our educational system. 6. Poorer School Districts. There are a number of school districts in the State of Kentucky which, although levying the max- imum school tax upon its citizens, are able to raise an amount of money for each school child that is only one-fourth or one-fifth the amount which some richer school districts are able to raise for each child by levying only a small tax upon its citizens. A remedy for this situation should be sought and found. The 1940 Legislature has proposed that the people of the state vote upon a constitution- al amendment that would permit one-tenth of the state school fund to be used as an equalization fund for the poorer school districts. This proposal should meet with the hearty support and approval of this Association. 7. Job Education. The economic status of the Ne- gro in Kentucky is low. This sit- uation exists because to a large extent Negro workers are able to find most of their employment in those jobs that pay the lowest 1 wages, are not organized for col- lective bargaining and fall out- side the benefits of the Social Se- curity laws. This entire problem is a matter that presents itself for the consideration of this Associa- tion, and it is most forcefully pre- sented at this time because the job situation within the race seems to be getting worse instead of better. In this connection the appoint- ment by Governor Johnson of a state* commission on Negro Em- ployment is noted with pleasure. It is hoped that much tangible benefit will accrue to our group. as a result of the work of this commission. 8. Health Education. There is a great need for more Health Education among Negroes in Kentucky. For the period 1927- 1931 the death rates among Ken- tucky Negroes were twice as high as among Kentucky whites, and the Negro birth rates were con- sistently lower than white birth rates during the same period. Teachers can and should become distributing agents for health in- formation in our schools and com- munities. They should do every- thing possible to bring about bet- ter health opportunities and in- formation in the entire state. One state of our Union on this same subject, has this to say, "Slightly more than half of the population of Mississippi (2,010,000) is Ne- gro. Members of the Mississippi Senate are, in keeping with South- ern views, all white. Last week a law passed by the Senate and. awaiting final enactment did noth- ing to foster good feeling between 16 the races. The law was to provide free textbooks in the public schools. Two provisions of the law angered Negroes. One called for storing books for Negro and white children in separate store- houses; this was advisable, accord- ing to one senator, "because of the prevalence of syphilis and tuber- culosis among the Negro popula- tion." These are flimsy excuses for discriminations, but like oth- er contagious diseases, they may spread. Let us fight with might against the spread of such preju- dices. 9. Federal Aid to Education. The differences in the amount of wealth possessed by certain states of the Union and the un- equal distribution of the child population in proportion to the supporting adult population have caused growths in inequalities of educational opportunities among the States of the Union. Our Fed- eral Government has an obligation to see to it that every child of the nation should receive equality of educational opportunities. Furthermore, the American peo- ple move from state to state and a person who serves his childhood in one state may live as an adult in another. His efficiency as an adult is dependent upon the edu- cation which he received as a child. It has been recommended, therefore, by the National Educa- tion Association, that the Federal Government aid the States in pro- viding education for the people. A bill to this effect has been intro- duced in the United States Con- gress on several occasions, but thus far the legislation has not been passed. This Association should join in the battle for pas- sage of appropriate legislation in this connection. The Association should insist that whatever leg- islation is passed, there are includ- ed adequate safeguards to prevent any discrimination whatsoever in the expenditure of these funds after they reach the several states. The State referred to in Article 8 has this to say in similar mat- ters referred to in its own legisla- ture: The other provision estab- lished different sets of textbooks for white and Negro schools. The idea behind this, said the Senate Education Committee, was to eli- minate instructions for voting from civic books to be distributed to Negro pupils. Let us do every- thing we can to prevent this con- dition from becoming acute in our own state, and thereby hold up the true principles of Democra- cy in Education. 10. The Fiscal Year. It is recommended that the K. N. E. A. fiscal year be from May 1st of one year to April 30th of the next year. Be it also resolved that all new officers assume the duties of their office on May 1st after the conven- tion. These recommendations were made by the Auditing Committee of the K. N. E. A. 1l. Textbooks. It is requested that we ask the State Board of Education or the Textbook Adoption Commission to put on the adoption list a Ne- gro History for use in High Schools. Signed: J. H. INGRAM, Chairman Resolutions Committee Note: This report was unani- mously adopted at the general ses- sion on Friday, April 19, 1940. 17 Report of the Governor's Advisory Committee on the Equalization of Higher Educational Opportunities For Negroes (By R. B. Atwood, Secretary) A study of the decision of the U. S. Supreme Court indicates that it is the opinion of the Court that a state should provide equal educational facilities within the state for all its citizens regardless of race. Study of the laws in Ken- tucky indicate that, by law, the State has accepted the principle pronounced by the Supreme Court of the United States, and that there is no conflict in the Kentucky law and the principle recognized by action of the Court. Examination of facts indicate that the spirit of the law is not being carried out in Kentucky, since there are in some' areas facilities provided for higher education for white persons which are not pro- vided for Negroes. Equalization of educational op- portunities does not necessarily imply identical opportunities, but equalization should be a fact. Equalization will be carried out when the state, by specific acts, provides higher education facili- ties in accordance with demon- strated needs of the persons to be served. Equal rights before the law to pursue those courses in higher education, which will meet his individual and social neeeds, should be given to every citizen, irrespective of race. The recom- mendations which follow are bas- ed upon this principle. Study of the Negro population in Kentucky indicates (1) greater emphasis should be placed upon making farm life more attractive for the Negro population; (2) op- portunities for preparation to en- ter a greater variety of occupa- tions should be provided; (3) fa- cilities for training for leadership in public health work and in so- cial service work should be pro- vided; (4) opportunity should be given for special preparation at the graduate level for certain groups; (5) facilities are needed for the education of smaller groups for such professions as Law and Engineering; (6) and further study will probably re- veal other areas of emphasis. These needs may be met through the employment of four agencies; (1) the program of the Kentucky State College may be expanded so that it will provide for more effective training in Ag- riculture, Business Administra- tion, Industrial Arts, Teacher Ed- ucation, and the like, at the un- dergraduate level, and extended so that a year of graduate work may be offered in the field of Ed- ucation, and possibly other areas; (2) through cooperative planning with the Louisville Municipal College, preparation for Public Health Work, Nurse Training, and training in Social Service Admin- istration is possible; (3) through exchange of faculty personnel; and (4) pending further develop- ment of the State program, those needed areas at the graduate and undergraduate level not provided at Kentucky State College, or in the Louisville Municipal College, 18 must necessarily be provided for the student in other ways, includ- ing possible future modification of the Day Law. 1. Since Kentucky State Col- lege is a land grant college, it is recommended that this college participate to a greater extent than at present in the Agricultur- al Extension program, through greater participation in formulat- ing the extension program which serves the Negro farmers, and through greater participation in the selection of the extension per- sonnel who administer to those needs. 2. There should be provided a Department of Industrial Arts at the Kentucky State College, which should have as its aims: (1) to prepare teachers of trades and occupations, and (2) to pre- pare technicians and workers in the field of mechanical arts. 3. There should be provided at the Kentucky State College a De- partment of Business Administra- -tion for the purpose of preparing persons for the operation of busi- ness enterprises and the curri- culum should be directed to meet the needs of Negroes in business. 4. The laws in Kentucky pro- vide for permanent certification only upon condition that the teacher completes one year of graduate work, and to meet this need a curriculum leading to the Master's degree should be pro- vided at Kentucky State College in the field of education, when the State Board of Education deems the need to be sufficient, and upon a standard which requires full graduate rating. 5. The Louisville Municipal College, due to its location, seems to offer the best opportunity for the establishment of facilities for the preparation of workers in Public Health, in Nurse Training, and in Social Service Administra- tion. It is recommended that the State Board of Education be em- powered to work out a suitable cooperative arrangement with the Louisville Municipal College in providing training facilities in the fields of Public Health, Nurse Training, and in Social Service Administration. 6. It is recognized that the present program of the Kentucky State College is inadequately housed, and that before the above program can be achieved in its entirety, this condition must be remedied, and to that end it is recommended: (a) That a classroom and admin- istrative building be erected as soon as the funds for this pur-. pose can be made available. (b) That a modern elementary school plant be provided, to be used as a laboratory school for training teachers for Negro ele- mentary schools, and (c) That adequate library facil- ities be provided. 7. Additional needed legisla- tion to carry these recommenda- tions into effect should be passed. REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON A PROGRAM OF EQUALITIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION The Committee commends the "Report of the Governor's Advis- ory Committee on the Equaliza- tion of Higher Educational Oppor- tunities For Negroes," but recog- nizes, however, that the report was .9 a proposal and statement of min- imun essentials. The Committee recommends that the program as outlined by the Governor's Committee be re- garded only as a step towards the realization of a more fundamental program of equalization which will guarantee the Negro youth full equality of opportunity in higher education within the bor- ders of the state. It is further rec- ommended that efforts in this di- rection do not cease until all the implications of the Gaines Decis- ion have been complied with in. the State of Kentucky. If court ac- tion is found to be necessary in. order to carry out this recommen- dation, then the appropriate steps. to bring about such action should, be taken. Members of the Committee:. E. T. BUFORD DAVID A. LANE, Jr. W. W. MADDOX E. W. WHITESIDES J. T. WILLIAMS, Chmn Secretary-Treasurer's Financial Report April 1, 1939 to April 1, 1940 To the Board of Directors and Members of the K. N. E. A.: I submit herewith the financial report of the Kentucky Negro, Education Association. RECEIPTS from April 1, 1939 to April 1, 1940 (Deposited in Lincoln Bank, Louisville, Ky.) 1. Balance as per report, April 1, 1939 . .............. $ 602.13 2. Additional Enrollments at 1939 convention (Total for year 1469) .................. ........... ............ 649.00 3. Advertisements in 1939 Convention Program . .87.50 4. Courier-Journal Spelling Bee First Prize .25.00 5. G. H. Brown, Additional 'Spelling Bee Prizes, Donated.... 16.50 6. Supt. H. W. Peters, Refund Voting on Retirement Plan.... 42.00 7. Door Receipts 1939 Musicale at Quinn Chapel .75.75 *8. Net Receipts 1939 Pageant at Armory, April 15, 1939.... 510.50 9. Eunice Singleton-Net Receipts Youth Council Program.. 5.80 10. Lucy Pearl Jordan, Payment for Scholarship Loan .20.25 11. Redeposit of Returned Checks, Lincoln Bank .53.96 12. Dr. William Bright, Science Teachers' Luncheon 19.00 13. Mrs. Hazel B. Williams, English Teachers' Luncheon 12.00 14. Advertisements 1939-1940 K. N. E. A. Journals .98.00 15. Advance Enrollments, 1939-1940 (Enrollments before April 1, 1940) .816.00 Total Gross Receipts ....... .......... $3,033.49 * Separate report of duplicate receipts to schools, ticket windows, stores, etc., and all bills paid and cancelled checks submitted to Auditing Committee. 20 K. N. E. A. PAYMENTS-April 1, 1939 to April 1, 1940 April 1 Mildred Shortt, Clerk-March 1 to April 1 . ..... 20.00 1 Bush-Krebs Co.-Cuts of speakers, etc .............. 7.70 3 J. E. Riddell, P. M.-Office Postage . ......... 12.00 S. J. E. Riddell, Permit 332 Programs ...... ......... 16.00 4 Office Expense Fund and Supplies, Petty Cash ...... 25.00 12 J. D. Stewart, Auditor's Expenses ................. 7.12 12 P. L. Guthrie, Auditor's Expenses ................ 8.12 12 M. J. Sleet, Auditor's Expenses .................... 14.05 12 G. H. Brown, Spelling Bee Expenses .............. 2.00 12 R. L. Dowery, Director's R. R. Fare ................ 3.60 12. Whitney M. Young, Director's R. R. Fare. . 1.10 12. Lyle Hawkins, Director's R. R. Fare . .1.00 13. Elsie Austin, Speaker's Fee and Expenses .29.50 13 Dr. J. Kenneth Little, Speaker's Expenses .5000 13. Attorney Charles Houston, Speaker's Expenses .. 85.00 13. Mrs. Nettie Black, Principal's Banquet . .39.00 13. Jeannette L. Black, Luncheon Expenses . .28.00 13. Dr. H. D. West, Science Department Speaker's Expenses ................ ...................... 10.00 14. J. R. Bacon, Speaker Athletic Department ......... 15.00 14. E. Camp Warrick, Speaker High School Department 20.00 14. Will M. Cook, Speaker, Foreign Language-English Department ............... .................... 28.90 14. Lyle Hawkins, Expenses Adult Education Department .............. ..................... 15.00 14 L. V. Ranels, Assistant Secretary's Expenses ...... 8.35 14 Treasurer of Quinn Chapel-Convention Rental .... 65.00 14 Willie L. Lawless, First Prize Spelling Bee ........ 25.00 14 Nannie D. Burman, Second Prize Spelling Bee ...... 10.00 14 Edna M. Foley, Third Prize Spelling Bee .......... 5.00 14 Cash-25 One Dollar Spelling Prizes .............. 25.00 15 Ed Rogers- Central High Janitors .............. 17.00 15 Wm. Ferris, 1939 Convention Publicity ............ 10 00 15 W. H. Fouse, President's Office Expenses .......... 20.00 15 Louisville Leader, Convention Publicity ........... 20.00 15 Dr. Wm. J. Bright, Science Conference Expenses .... 4.00 15 Times-Journal Publishing Co. 1939 Convention Programs ................ ..................... 118.00 15 Lincoln Bank-Returned Check-no account (wrong bank) ............. .................... 19.00 15 Mary E. Crenshaw-Taxis for Blind School Band.. . 4.00 15 E. Singleton-Clerical work and Youth Council Expenses ..... .............. 10.00 15 Anita Wilson-Election Clerk and Convention Clerk 5.00 15 Cash-Clerical Workers at Quinn Chapel .......... 10.00 15 Susie Mae Wilson-Election and Convention Clerk.. 5.00 17 Virginia E. Gatliff-Stenographer and Clerk K. N. E. A. . Week . ....................................... 12.00 17 George Cook-messenger and aid at Convention .... 5.00 21 17 Mildred Shortt-Night Sessions Stenographer ...... 10.00 17 A. S. Wilson-Salary for year-25% of fees, April 1, 1938 to April 1, 1939 .......................... 384.00 17 Association of Negro Life and History-Donation.. 10.00 18 American Teachers Association Affiliation Fee.... 15.00 18 Central Mimeograph Service, Financial Reports, Spelling Lists ............ ..................... 16.00 18 Mary E. Wilson-8 months office rental ............ 24.00 .18 Baldwin Piano Co., Piano Rental ................. 13.00 18 Brown's Print Shop-Youth Council Badges ........ 3.00 19 Lincoln Bank-Returned Checks, Ins. Funds ...... 34.96 20 Mrs. R. B. Scott, Speaker's Board at Convention .... 5.00 20 Southern Bell Telephone Co.-Phone Calls and Telegrams-Program .......................... 8.71 21 Jefferson County-Damage at Armory ............. 20.00 26 F. A. Cabell, Commission on K. N. E. A. Ads ...... 10.00 28 J. E. Riddell, P. M., Deposit Per. 332 Newsettes .... 7.00 May 1 Mildred Shortt, Clerical Work April 1 to May 1 .... 20.00 1 J. E. Riddell, P. M., Stamps-President and Secretary 16.50 4 C. L. Thomas, Expenses Apollo Quartet .......... 10.00) 13 L. W. Gee, Expense Sp. Committee Meeting ........ 6.40 13 Sadie M. Yancey-Expense Sp. Committee Meeting 3.00 13 S. L. Barker, Expense Sp. Committee Meeting ...... 3.50 16 Meffert Equipment Co., Repair of Typewriter ...... 2.50 29 S. L. Barker, R. R. Fare, Retirement Committee Meeting .................................... 3.50 June 1 Mildred Shortt, Clerk's Salary ...... .............. 20.00 7 Louisville Paper Co.-Journal Envelopes ........... 17.76 8 Brown's Print Shoppe-Stationery and Printing .... 25.50 8 H. W. Peters, Supt.-Retirement Fund Expense ...... 98.00 July 1 State Tax-Bank Balance ........................ .56 1 Mildred Shortt, Clerk's Salary ..................... 20.00 1 S. L. Barker, Expense-Delegate A. T. A ........... 25.00 Sept. 7 J. E. Riddell, P. M., Postage, Secretary's Office.... 18.50 15 Brown's Print Shoppe-1940 Mem'bership Cards .... 9.50 Oct. 2 Mildred Shortt, Clerk's Salary ................... 20.00 2 Bush-Krebs Co.-Cut-Cover, October Journal .... 3.34 3 J. E. Riddell, P. M.-Deposit Postage, Oct.& Nov. 36.00 Nov. 1 Mildred Shortt, Clerk's Salary ...... .............. 20.00 6 Louisville Paper Co.-Newsettes & Journal Envelopes 10.78 14 Times-Journal Pub. Co.-Oct.-Nov. Journals ...... 180.00 25 S. L. Barker, R. R. Fare to Committee Meeting at Frankfort .................. ................... 4.80 Dec. 1 Mildred Shortt, Clerk's Salary ...................... 20.00 4 Brown's Letter and Print Shoppe and Envelopes .... 10.25 11 Remington Rand-Stencils for Office .............. 2.65 16 S. L. Barker, Director's R. R. Fare ................ 3.50 16 Whitney M. Young, Director's R. R. Fare ........... 1.10 16 E. Poston, Director's R. R. Fare ..................... 9.00 22 Mildred Shortt, Clerk's Salary .................... 20.00 22 1940 Jan. 2 Aetna Life Insurance Co.-Secretary's Bond ....... 5.00 2. Bush-Krebs Co.-Cuts, Jan.-Feb. Journal .. ...... 10.66 2 Office Expense Fund-Supplies, Etc ................ 25.00 2 St. Louis Button Co.-1940 Badges ................ 29.96 4 J. E. Riddell, P. M., Stamps, Departmental Chairmen and Secretary ........... ...................... 18.00 5 St. Louis Button Co.-Bal. Convention Badges ...... 2.00 15 S. L. Barker-R. R. Fare to Frankfort meeting ...... 4.80 24 Jefferson County Fiscal Court-Deposit on Armory for April 20 .................................... 75.00 30 J. E. Riddell, P. M., Postage Jan.-Feb. Journals ... 28.00 Feb. 1 V. E. Gatliff and Anita Wilson, Clerks ............. 20.00 5 Times-Journal Pub. Co.-Jan.-Feb. Journals ........ 144.00 10 S. L. Barker, R. R. Fare Committee Meeting Frankfort-Jan. 31 ......... ................... 4.80 Mar. 1 Virginia Gatliff and Anita Wilson, Clerks ......... 20.00 5 Bush-Krebs Co.-Cut of K. N. E. A. Guest Soloist.. 4.59 12 J. E. Riddell, P. M., Postage Mailing ............... 17.50 12 Office Expense Fund, Supplies .................... 25.00 30 Hazel B. Williams, Exp. Foreign Language Exhibit.. 4.00 Total Payments ............ $2,476.56 ** 30 Balance in treasury-Lincoln Bank, as per statement April 1, 1940 .......................... ..... 556.83 Total ......... $3,033.39 ** Bank Statements, Cancelled Checks, and a receipt for each pay- ment is a part of the Secretary's record, as exhibited to the auditing committee. Money from the general treasury is paid out by check only. Payments are supervised by the Board of Directors and the President of the K. N. E. A. All money is deposited as soon as received on the K. N. E. A. account in the Lincoln Bank at Louisville, Ky. Duplicate receipts are on file for all items in the income. A balance of $80.87 mn the K. N. E. A. Scholarship Loan Fund is included in the above balance. The Financial Report of Dr. G. D. Wilson, chairman of the Re- search Committee includes a record book of payments, and receipts for all expenditures from the fund. This fund which was $53.14 on April 1, 1939 remains the same. The actual balance in the K. N. E. A. treasury on April 1, 1940 was, therefore, $609.97. Respectfully submitted, ATWOOD S. WILSON, Secretary-Treasurer, K. N. E. A. THE AUDITING COMMITTEE REPORT April 17, 1940 To the. President and Members of the K. N. E. A.: We, the members of the Auditing Committee, find the financial report of the Secretary-Treiasurer, Mr. Atwood S. Wilson, to be correct and specific. All records available and presented for scrutiny were found to coincide with the report of the Secretary-Treasurer and the Lincoln Bank and Trust Company. 23 RECEIPTS 1. Balance as per report, April 1, 1939 ...................... $ 602.13 2. Additional Enrollments at 1939 convention (Total for year 1469) ................................. 649.00 3. Advertisements in 1939 Convention Programs ............ 87.50 4. Courier-Journal, Spelling Bee First Prize ................ 25.00 5. G. H. Brown, Additional Spelling Bee Prizes, Donated.... 16.50 6. Supt. H. W. Peters, Refund Voting on Retirement Plan.... 42.00 7. Door Receipts 1939 Musicale at Quinn Chapel ........... 75.75 S. Net Receipts 1939 Pageant at Armory, April 15, 1939 ...... 510.50 9. Eunice Singleton-Net Receipts Youth Council Program.. 5.80 10. Lucy Pearl Jordan, Payment for Scholarship Loan ........ 20.25 11. Redeposit of Returned Checks, Lincoln Bank ............. 53.96 12. Dr. William Bright, Science Teachers' Luncheon .......... 19.00 13. Mrs. Hazel B. Williams, English Teachers' Luncheon.... 12.00 14. Advertisements 1939-1940 K. N. E. A. Journals ........... 98.00 15. Advance Enrollments, 1939-1940 (Enrollments before April 1, 1940)............. 816.00 Total Receipts .............. 3,033.39 Total Payments .............. 2,476.56 Balance in treasury-Lincoln Bank, as per statements April 1, 1940 ................ 556.83 We note the financial statements of the Youth Council whose balance was turned over to the Secretary-Treasurer for deposit and that of the English Department whose balance was pro-rated between the participating schools. We suggest that ALL departments handling finance leave with the Secretary-Treasurer a complete and detailed report along with all cash balances for proper accreditment and that these reports be available to the auditing committee at the proper time. We suggest that the fiscal year for the K. N. E. A. be reckoned as of May 1. This would obviate the necessity for a supplementary report and make possible the efficient use of a budget system; in ad- dition it would make available to the members of this association a full and complete financial report following the annual convention instead of delaying this procedure for a year. We wish to commend the Secretary-Treasurer for the efficient handling of the funds of this association. In this connection must be mentioned the use of the certified check in handling all post-office payments which is another step forward in safe-guarding the use of the association's funds. P. L. GUTHRIE, Chairman. J. D. STEWART, Auditor IM. SLEET, Auditor 24 Special Report of the Secretary-Treasurer April 1, 1940 to May 1, 1940 To the Board of Directors and Members of the K. N. E. A.: I submit herewith the financial report of the Kentucky Negro Education Association. RECEIPTS from April 1, 1940 to May 1, 1940 (Deposited in Lincoln Bank, Louisville, Ky.) 1. Balance as per report, April 1, 1940 ..................... $ 556.83 2. Additional Enrollments at 1940 Convention (Total for year 1,465) ............... ......................... 649.00 3. Advertisements in 1940 Convention Programs and Journals 74.00 4. Courier-Journal, Spelling Bee First Prize ................ 25.00 5. G. H. Brown, Additional Spelling Bee Prizes, Donated .... 21.00 6. Research Committee Refund from Dr. G. D. Wilson, Chairman ........ ....................... 53.14 7. Fiscal Court, Refund for 1940 Pageant at Armory ........ 23.80 *8. Net Receipts 1940 Pageant at Armory, April 20, 1940 .... 460.50 9. Eunice Singleton-Receipts Youth Council Delegates and Net Receipts of Dance ........ ....................... 28.65 10. Convention Donation-Louisville Convention and Publicity League .......... ............................... ... 50.00 11 Redeposit of Returned Check, Lincoln Bank ..... ....... 3.00 Total Gross Receipts ....... ................... $1,944.92 * Separate report of duplicate receipts to schools, ticket windows, stores, etc. and all bills paid and cancelled checks submitted to audit- ing committee. K N. E A. PAYMENTS-April 1, 1940 to May 1, 1940 April 1 Robert Lawery-Cuts of Langston Hughes ........ 3.88 1 Meffert Equipment Co.-Repair of Typewriter .... 9.25 1 J. E. Riddell, P. M., Postage K. N. E. A. Programs.. 20.00 1 Virginia Gatliff and Anita Wilson, Stenographic and Clerical Work .......... ....................... 20.00 1 Bush-Krebs Co.-Cuts of K. N. E. A. Speakers and Singers .......... ....................... 10.03 2 Office Expense Fund Clerical Supplies ............ 25.00 3 I. Willis Cole Pub. Co.-Printinrg Programs and Journals .......... ........................ 140.00 10 J. E. Riddell, Postage for Enrollments ............. 15.00 16 J. D. Stewart, Auditor's Expenses ..... ........... 7.12 16 P. L. Guthrie, Auditor's Expenses ..... ........... 8.12 16 M. J. Sleet, Auditor's Expenses ...... ............. 14.05 17 Whitney M. Young, Director's R. R. Fare ........... 1.10 17 E. Poston, Director's R. R. Fare .................... 9.00 17 S. L. Barker, Director's R. R. Fare ................. 3.50 25 17 Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Speaker's Fee and Expenses ........................................ 80.00 18 Langston Hughes, Speaker's Fee and Expenses ...... 95.00 18 Carl C. Lyles, Speaker's Fee and Expenses ......... 10.00 19 C. H. Johnson, Speaker, Art Department ........... 25.0O 19 H. Council Trenholm, Speaker's Fee and Expenses 35.00 19 Evelyn Spencer, First Prize Spelling Bee .......... 25.00 19 Julia Wilford, 2nd Prize Spelling Bee ..... ......... 10.0a 19 Lillian Jackson, 3rd Prize Spelling Bee ..... ....... 5.00 19 G. H. Brown, Additional Spelling Prizes for other contestants ............ ........................ 25.00 19 J. D. Steward-Athletic Departmental Expenses ... 4.35 19 Brown's Letter and Print Shoppe, Newsettes ...... 3.2& 20 L. V. Ranels, Assistant Secretary's Expenses ........ 8.85 20 Treasurer of Quinn Chapel-Rental Fee .......... 65.00 20 Mrs. Nettie Black, Principal's Banquet ..... ....... 39.00 20 Edw. Rogers, for janitors at Central High School Building ............... ....................... 18.50 20 A. S. Wilson (Secretary's Fee -1,465 members, Salary for year) ............. ........................ 366.25. 20 Mrs. G. C. Clement, Speaker's Board .............. 2.50 22 Mr. L. W. Gee, Chairman, Committee on Educational Inequalities ........... ....................... 487.10 22 L. W. Gee, Chairman Educational Inequalities Com. (Bal. on $500 Donation) ................... 12.90 22 S. L. Barker, President's Office Expense ............ 17.00 22 Virginia Gatliff, Clerk at Convention ............... 10.00 22 Anita S. Wilson, Clerk at Convention .............. 10.00 22 C. M. Berry, Clerical work at Convention .......... 10.00 22 C. F. Page, Ex-Presidents Luncheon ..... .......... 8.00 22 Baldwin Piano Co.-Rental on Piano .............. 16.00 22 Ass'n for Study of Negro Life and History ......... 10.00 22 American Teachers Association (Affiliation Fee).... 25.00 22 E. H. Roederer-Bound Volumes of K. N. E. A. Journals.; ......... .................... 4.50 22 G. H. Brown, Spelling Bee Expenses ............... 2.50 22 Southern Bell Tel. and Tel. Co.-Telegrams and Convention Calls regarding programs ........... 6.84 22 Brown's Letter and Print Shoppe-Additional Membership Cards ............. 5.05 23 Lyle Hawkins, Expense Adult Ed. Dept ........... 5.00 23 Lincoln Bank-Returned Check ...... ............ 3.00 26 Cash-Deficit on Musicale as Per Special Report submitted to Auditors ....... ................. 28.30 Total Payments ................................ 1,764.94 ** Balance in treasury-Lincoln Bank, as per statement May 1, 1940 ........... ......................... 179.98 Total .......................................... 1,944.92 26 ** Bank Statements, Cancelled Checks, and a receipt for each pay- ment is a part of the secretary's record, as exhibited to the auditing committee. Money from the general treasury is paid out by check only. Payments are supervised by the Board of Directors and the President of the K. N. E. A. All money is deposited as soon as received on the K. N. E. A. account in the Lincoln Bank at Louisville, Ky. Duplicate receipts are on file for all items in the income. A balance of $80.87 in the K. N. E. A. Scholarship Loan Fund is included in the above balance. The Youth Council of the K. N. E. A. also has $50.20 in this balance, from dances, etc., in 1939 and 1940. (The Council plans to use its balance to send an elected delegate to the National Youth Council in August, 1940). When the credit of the Scholarship Fund and Youth Council are deducted from the above balance there remains an unincumbered balance of $48.91 in the treasury. Advertisements unpaid amount to $30.00. About $40.00 is to be paid to two delegates for expenses to the meeting of the American Teachers Association at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, July, 1940. Respectfully submitted, ATWOOD S. WILSON., Secretary-Treasurer. The Auditing Committee Report May 18, 1940 To the President and Board of Directors of the K. N. E. A.: We have made an examination of the books and financial records of the Kentucky Negro Education Association for the year ending April 30, 1940. We have examined the accounting and other records of the Association and obtained information and explanations from the Secretary-Treasurer, Atwood S. Wilson. We have made a complete review of the accounting system and a detailed audit of the operating and income accounts for the fiscal year beginning May 1, 1939 and ending April 30, 1940. In accordance with accepted principles of accounting, it is our opinion that the foregoing Financial Statement presents the financial position of this Association as of May 1, 1940 and the results of its financial activities for the year on that ended. We wish to incorporate in this report our commendation of the Secretary-Treasurer, Atwood S. Wilson for the thorough-going busi- ness methods employed in the accounting system of this association. Respectfully submitted, M. J. SLEET, P. L. GUTHRIE, J. D. STEWART. 27 The Negro Mother By Langston Hughes Children, I've come back today To tell you a story of the long dark way That I had to climb, that I had to know In order that our race might live and grow. Look at my face, boy, dark as the night, Yet shining like the sun with hope and light. I'm the child they stole from the sand Three hundred years ago in Africa land. I'm the dark girl who crossed the wide sea Carrying in my body the seed of the free. I'm the woman who worked in the field, Bringing the cotton and corn to yield. I'm the one who labored as a slave, Beaten and mistreated for the work I gave- Children sold away from me, hus- band sold, too No safety, no love, no respect was I due. Three hundred years in the deep- est South, But God put a song and a prayer in my mouth. God put a dream like steel in my soul. Now through my children, we're reaching the goal. Now through my children young and free, I realize the blessings denied to me. I couldn't read then. I couldn't write, I had nothing back there in the night. Sometimes the valley was filled with tears, But I kept trudging on through the lonely years. Sometimes the road was hot with sun. But I had to keep on till my work was done. I HAD to keep on! No stopping for me I was the seed of the coming Free. I nourished our dream that noth- ing could smother Deep in my breast-the Negro Mother. I had only hope then, but now through you, Dark child of today, my dreams must come true. All you dark children in the world out there, Remember my sweat, my pain, my despair. Remember my years heavy with sorrow- And make of those years a torch for tomorrow, Make of my past a road to the light, Out of the darkness, the ignor- ance, the night. Lift high my banner out of the dust. Stand like free men supporting my trust. Believe in the right, let none push you back. Remember the whip and the slaver's track. 28 Remember how the strong in struggle and strife Still bar you the way, and deny you life- But march ever forward, break- ing down bars. Look upward at the sun and the stars. Oh, my dark children, may my dreams and my prayers Impel you forever up the great stairs-. For I will be with you till no white brother Dares keep down the children of the Negro Mother. Note: Mr. Langston Hughes was the guest speaker on the program of Thursday, April 18, at the 1940 K. N. E. A. Convention. In his ad- dress he presented this poem and a number of his other poems. JOIN THE K. N. E. A. Active Membership per year and Journal ................ $1.00 Honor Membership-Journal and Proceedings-Mention.. $1.50 Life Membership-always an active member ............ $10.00 Send Your Fee To: A. S. WILSON, Secretary 1925 W. Madison Street. Louisville, Kentucky Honor Members of K. N. E. A. For 1940 The following teachers have paid a voluntary membership fee of $1.50 for 1940 in the Kentucky Negro Education Association: Louisville Teachers Dean David A. Lane, Louisville Municipal College. Prof. A. S. Wilson, Principal, Central High Mr. Joseph S. Cotter, Principal. S. C. Taylor.. Mrs. Ellen L. Taylor, Principal, Dunbar. Mr. T. J. Long, Jr., Principal, B. T. Washington Miss Jessie R. Carter, Principal, Charles Young. Miss Carrie Alexander, Central High. Mr. James T. Anderson, Central High. Mr. F. A. Cabell, Central High. Miss Elsie E. Fields, Central High. Mrs. Nannie B. Crume, Centr-d High. Mrs. Annie Y. Garvin, Central High. Miss Margaret V. Givens, Cen- tral High. Miss Eunice L. Hopwood, Cen- tral High. Miss Sadye Jenkins, Central High. Miss Estelle Kennedy, Central High. Miss Marguerite Parks, Central High. 29 Mr. William A. Tisdale, Central Miss Jessie Y. Howard, Western High. High, Owensboro. Mr. Frank Whitaker, Central Mr. L. 0. Hataway, Western High. High, Owensboro. Miss Alberta Wilson, Central Mr. Jesse T. Gatewood, Western. High. High, Owensboro. Miss Helen Yancey, Central Miss Martha L. Bell, Western High. High, Owensboro. Miss Eunice Singleton, Madison Mr. Edward R. Tinsley, Western Jr. High. High, Owensboro. Miss Marie Matthews, Western Mr. J. P. Perkins, Western High,. School. Owensboro. Miss Rosa Stone, Western Mr. R. V. McMickens, Western. School. High, Owensboro. Miss Emma J. Alexander, Jef- Mr. Eddean M. Wilder, Western. ferson County (retired). High, Owensboro. Miss Carrie B. Pate, Booker T. Mr. T. Taylor Murray, Western. Washington. High, Owensboro. Miss Anita S. Wilson, Elemen- Mr. W. H. Robinson, Western. tary Schools. High, Owensboro. Out-in-Siate Teachers Prof. W. 0. Nuckolls, Rosen- wald High, Providence. President S. L. Barker, West- Mrs. Helen 0. Nuckolls, Rosen-- ern High School, Owensboro. wald High, Providence. President M. J. Griffin, W. K. S. Mrs. Geneva J. Ferguson, Ros- V. T. S., Paducah. enwald High, Providence. Mr. M. J. Sleet, W. K. S., V. T. Mr. Curtis R. Bishop, Rosen-- S., Paducah, Ky. wald High, Providence. Mr. JA~mes B. Brown, Mayo-Un- Mr. James R. Shearer, Rosen- derwood, Frankfort. wald High, Providence. Miss Ora J. Chaise, Mayo-Un- Miss Ovenus Mitchell, Rosen-- derwood, Frankfort. wald High, Providence. Miss Laura F. Chaise, Mayo-Un- Miss Laura F. Finley, Rosen- derwood, Frankfort. wald High, Providence. Miss Mary C. Holmes, Mayo- Mrs. Dobora Woolfolk, Rosen- Underwood, Frankfort. wald High, Providence. Miss Mary E. Lindsay, Mayo- Mr. Wallace E. Strader, Cincin- Underwood, Frankfort. nati, Ohio. Miss Alice D. Samuels, Mayo- Mrs. Kate Alexander, Burkes- Underwood, Frankfort. vile. Miss Mary L. Burns, Western Mr. J. E. Thurston, Owens- High, Owensboro. Miss Inez G. Agnew, Western bro. High, Owensboro. Mrs. M. E. Compton, Hickman. Miss Rowena C. Hunt, Western Mr. Richard H. Sewell, Glas- High, Owensboro. gow. Miss Sedalia Crowe, Western Mrs. Daisy Fitzgerald, New Lib- High, Owensboro. erty. 30 K. N. E. A. Honor Roll-1940 School *Western High *Rosenwald High Franklin Dunbar High Dunbar High Russell Jr. High Constitution George W. Carver West Side High Drakesboro Comm. Hig] Greenville Training B. T. Washington Dunbar High Travis Grade & High Lynch High Benham High Southgate Street Cave City Knob City Rosenwald High Western High Jackman High Dunbar High Durham High Corydon Tr. Henderson County Tr. Hodgenville Bond-Washington Eminence High Bate School Springfield drade Glasgow High Lancaster Dunbar State Street Eighth Street Douglas High Attucks High John G. Fee High Bannecker High Lincoln-Grant High Booker Washington Garfield Principal S. L. Barker W. 0. Nuckolls G. B. Houston Wm. Halloway P. L. Guthrie Taylor Seals J. B. Caulder Mrs. Fannie White Clara B. Clelland i Richards McReynolds George C. Wakefield Miss C. D. Murray C. L. Timberlake C. M. Burnsides W. L. Shobe J. A. Matthews Miss Nora H. Ward I. J. Overstreet W. M. Thomas Mrs. Pearl Patton Miss M. E. Kellis R. L. Dowery F. I. Stiger M. J. Strong Rev. J. W. Hatch Mrs. Willa M. West A. R. Lasley J. V. Robinson Louis L. Spradling J. W. Bate Anna C. Phillips R. H. Sewell C. H. Payne G. P. Wilson E. T. Buford G. W. West L. P. Miller P. Moore W. H. Humphrey W. E. Newsome H. R. Merry L. W. Gee M. 0. Strauss *Denotes that the entire faculty enrolled 31 City Owensboro Providence Franklin Cadiz Lexington Lexington Lexington Lexington Harrodsburg Drakesboro Greenville Carlisle Morganfield Monticello Lynch Benham Newport Cave City Russellville Madisonville Paris Columbia Mayfield Campbellsville Corydon Henderson Hodgenville Elizabethtown Eminence Danville Springfield Glasgow Lancaster Somerset Bowling Green Henderson Murray Hopkinsville Maysville Cynthiana Covington Hopkinsville Paducah as HONOR MEMBERS. School Central City Perry A. Cline Oldham County Tr. Rosenwald High Shelbyville High Oliver Street High Douglass School .J. W. Million Stanford Trenton Rosenwald Mayo-Underwood Bardstown Training Richmond High Lincoln High Milton Jr. High Simmons St. High Lincoln Rosenwald High Central High Roland Hayes High Todd County Tr. Ed. Davis Bommons Valley Lawrenceburg Principal V. B. Walker W. R. Cummings James T. Cooper R. H. Thompson R. D. Roman G. W. Adams Mrs. Theda Van Lowe S. Stanley Morris M. F. Perkins L. J. Buckner J. B. Brown C. H. Woodson J. G. Fletcher H. S. Osborne A. Dumas Wm. J. Christy E. W. Whiteside Wm. M. Wood Alvin C. Boyd A. F. Gibson J. W. Waddell Mrs. Betty W. Davis Henry Owens, Jr. L. L. Owens LOUISVILLE SCHOOLS City Central City Pikeville LaGrange Barbourville Shelbyville Winchester Lexington Earlington Stanford Trenton Frankfort Bardstown Richmond Middlesboro Fulton Versailles Paducah Harlan LaCenter Pineville Elkton Georgetown Bardstown Jct. Lawrenceburg School Central High Madison Junior High Jackson Junior High James Bond S. Coleridge Taylor Phyllis Wheatley Frederick Douglas Lincoln Booker T. Washington Mary B. Talbert Dunbar George McClellan Western Virginia Avenue Parkland Georgia G. Moore B. Bannecker Principal Atwood S. Wilson W. H. Perry, Jr. A. E. Meyzeek Mrs. R. D. Rogers Joseph S. Cotter J. Bryant Cooper G. H. Brown T. J. Long, Jr. T. J. Long ,Jr. Mrs. Ellen L. Taylor Mrs. Ellen L. Taylor Mrs. F. L. McCaskil I. W. St. Clair Clyde A. Liggin Clyde A. Liggin Miss Mabel Coleman Mrs. Rebecca Guest 32 STATE INSTITUTIONS School Kentucky State College W. Ky. Vocational Tr. School Louisville Municipal College Lincoln Institute Kentucky School for the Blind Ormsby Village, Ridgewood County Supt. Shelby R. D. Rc Henderson R. E. Cc Christian N. T. H( Huhlen-berg R. H. St *Denotes Organizer; otherwi. County Supt Hart J. C. C Montgomery Mrs. M Clark W. G. Bath W. W. Union P. D. I Adair C. W. Marion H. C. Simpson H. Fosl Jefferson 0. J. S Pike C. H.] Logan G. B. I Fulton P. L. I, McCracken Miles I Ohio W. R. Mercer D. R. I Carroll Curtis Bourbon Anna I Washington J. F. N Harlan J. A. C Spencer Herber Madison J. D. F Scott F. W. I Lincoln F. M. I Nelson C. W. I Boone Miss L. Fayette D. Y. D County Supt. Taylor G. E. E Franklin H. L. I Boyle H. A. ( Metcalfe W. P. E Official Director President R .B. Atwood President M. H. Griffin Dean David A. Lane, Jr. Director W. M. Young Principal E. M. Minnis Director L. B. Jett or Org. County Seat Oman* Shelbyville ibell* Henderson ooks Hopkinsville laver Greenville 3e it is the Superintendent * or Org. Cave G. McNamara Conkwright Horton Pancher Marshall Spalding ':er tivers Farley Villiams Tichols* Vleredith Carson liggins E. Shirley H. McCowan IcWhorter aawood t Hume Camilton food McWhorter Hart M. Sleet* 'unn . or Org. ;app Foster Cocanougher 'utler 33 County Seat Munfordville Mt. Sterling Winchester Owingsville Morganfield Columbia Lebanon Franklin Louisville Pikeville Russellville Hickman Paducah Hartford H~arrodsburg Carrollton Paris Springfield Harlan Taylorsville Richmond Georgetown Stanford Bardstown Burlington Lexington County Seer Campbellsvil le Frankfort Danville Edmonton School [Livermore Public Bloomfield Public Lexington Public City Livermore Bloomfield Lexington K. N. E. A. Kullings Official L. C. Taylor W. D. Chilton W. D. Hill The K. N. E. A. will hold its 65th Annual Session in Louisville, April 16-19, 1941. The K. N. E. A. is now 64 years old, having been organized in 1877. President S. L. Barker of Ow- ensboro and Mr. Paul Guthrie of Lexington, Chairman of the K. N. E. A. auditing committee attended the meeting of the American Teachers' Association at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, July 24-26, 1940, *as official Kentucky delegates. Miss Nora H. Ward, chairman of the Principals' Conference of the K. N. E. A. and principal of the Southgate Street School at Newport recently became the bride of Dr. James A. DeRamus. The K. N. E. A. wishes Dr. and Mrs. DeRamrus a long and happy married life. In a July, 1940 issue of the Old- ham County Area, a page is given over to the attractive career of Joseph S. Cotter, Senior, poet of national reputation and principal of the S. Coleridge Taylor School in Louisville. During the summer, 1940, Miss R. L. Carpenter, Chairman of the 'Music Department of the K. N. E. A. was awarded a Master of Mus- ic Degree from Northwestern Uni- versity. During the summer, 1940, Mr. Whitney M. Young, Director of Lincoln Institute, did work in the graduate school of Fisk University in some of the workshop courses. The new dining hall at Ken- tucky State College has been op- ened for the first semester of the year 1940-41. This beautiful edi- fice is named for Dr. E. E. Under- wood, for a long time, school phy- sician and prominent citizen of Frankfort. Atwood S. Wilson, Secretary- Treasurer of the K. N. E. A., has been appointed as consultant and member of the N. Y. A. School Work Council for Kentucky. He will represent the Negroes of Kentucky on this Council. Mrs. Mary L. Williams, a teach- er in the Garnet High School of Charleston, West Virginia, has been elected as the 1940-41 presi- dent of the American Teachers Association. The next convention will be held in West Virginia dur- ing July, 1941. Miss Estella M. Kennedy, Chair- man of the Scholarship Loan Com- mittee, and an instructor in his- tory at Central High School, Lou- isville, received this summer, the Master of Arts degree from the University of Chicago. 4 Mr. Joseph a Matthews, princi- pal of Benham High School, Ben- ham, Kentucky, received official -notice on September 10th that his Master of Arts degree had been conferred at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, on September 6, 1940. The West Kentucky Vocational Training School has recently ad- ded some defense program voca- tional courses. This state school at Paducah is continuing its progress under President M. H. Griffin. Dean David A. Lane, of Louis- ville Municipal College, has re- ported an increase in enrollment for the College for the school year, 1940-41. Mr. Charles L. Harris, of Cin- cinnati, Ohio, has succeeded Miss Nora H. Ward, as principal of the Southgate Street School in New- port. Mr. Harris has been a faith- ful worker at the school as a teacher, and we know that suc- cess will be his in his new posi- tion as principal. Pres. R. B. Atwood reports that the enrollment of Kentucky State College has already reached over 500. Students have come from dif- ferent states, and all sections of our own State. With the new buildings and facilities, and the well-rounded cultural program al- ready planned, the students and faculty look forward to a banner year under the efficient leader- ship of President Atwood. 35 Privileges of Active Membership in the K. N. E. A. 1. The privilege of attending all general sessions of the Association. 2. The privilege of participating in the departmental sessions. 3. The privilege of speaking and holding office in the Kentucky Negro Education Association. 4. The privilege of voting and participating in the busi- ness affairs of the Association. 5. The privilege of receiving all literature of the Associa- tion, including the official publication, The K. N. E. A. Journal. 4o Kentucky Teacher Should Fail to Enroll Send One Dollar To A. S. WILSON, Secretary-Treasurer 1925 W. Madison Street, Louisville, Ky. F.. "KEEP OUT OF THE GUTTER" By Dr. Charles Steizle The percentage of Negroes of the total population of the United States today about equals the per- centage of the foreign-born. The progress made by both groups is a credit to them, but by far the greatest honor should go to the Negro race, because of the tre- mendous handicaps which have been placed upon Negroes from every standpoint. In the first place, foreigners came to this country as a matter of choice, and they have been giv- en every encouragement to suc- ceed, scarcely any door being closed to them. They were accept- ed upon an equality with native Americans in practically every particular and given an equal chance. About the only limita- tion placed upon them was that no foreign-born citizen may be- come President of the Unite'd States. On the other hand, Negroes were originally brought to this country against their will, and subjected to the degrading condi- tions of slavery, and for a couple of centuries we systematically and deliberately expunged from them the qualities which fit a man for citizenship in a democracy by depriving them of nearly every privilege granted to the white man. We compelled the Negro to live in the worst physical sections of our cities and towns, often with- out drainage or sewerage or gar- bage facilities; we drove the worst forms of immorality and deprav- ity into the Negro quarters of the city; if a "Red Light" District was permitted, it was usually con- fined to the sections in which the Negro was compelled to live; and then we cursed the Negro because of his "moral weakness." Until very recently his opportunities for securing an education were very limited. In times of depression the Negro was the first man to lose his job, and the last man to be re- employed. Even to survive under such conditions required charac- ter and ability with which the Negro is rarely credited. Isn't it about time that we gave him a fair chance? Neither race hatred nor mawkish sentimentali- ty will settle this question. And don't lets forget that "you can't keep a man in the gutter without getting into the gutter with him." The future of the Negro lies as much with the white race as it does with the Negro race. Labor, in particular, must face this question. If the standard for Ne- groes is kept at a low level, the progress of white workers will be proportionately halted. As a mat- ter of self-defense-if for no other consideration-we must be loyal to the high principle which Or- ganized Labor has set for itself, namely, "never to discriminate against a fellow-worker on ac- count of creed, color or nationali- ty.,, 36 Louisville Municipal College LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY OFFERS Four-year Curricula in Arts, Sciences, and Secondary Education Pre-Medical, Pre-Law, and Teacher-Libra- rianship Courses FULLY ACCREDITED BY THE SOUTHERN ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGES AND SECONDARY SQHOOLS Fraternities Sororities Christian Associations Athletics Debating Dramatics ADDRESS THE DEAN TE WEST KENTUCKY VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHOOL PADUCAH, KENTUCKY Offers to promising young men and women on the high school level, the following courses AUTO MECHANICS PLUMBING CABINET MAKING TAILORING CARPENTRY CHEF COOKERY BEAUTY CULTURE ELEC. ENGINEERING HOME ECONOMICS MASONRY HOME MAKING M. H. GRIFFIN, President I - I Kentucky Central Life and Accident Insurance Company Home Office: Anchorage, Ky. Over thirty-eight years of faithful ser- vice to policyholders. Over $21,000,000 paid to living policyholders and bene- ficiaries since organization. Over $1,- 000,000 in United States Government and Federal Land Bank Bonds on de- posit with the State of Kentucky for the protection of policyholders. If not in- sured see our Agent at once. District- Offices in all principal cities of Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, West Vir- ginia, and Pennsylvania.