You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.17 n.1 Kentucky Negro Educational Association 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2003 kneav17n1 These pages may freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.17 n.1 Kentucky Negro Educational Association Kentucky Negro Educational Association Louisville, Kentucky October-November 1945 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. t 11Jetzz a 77 .UCAT( M~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ VOL. XVII October-November, 1945 No. 1 "An Equal Educational Opportunity for Every Kentucky Child" The Kentucky State College Frankfort, Kentucky Co-educational Class A College Degrees offered in Arts and Sciences Home Economics - Agriculture Business Administration Education Winier Quarter Begins January 5, 1946 Spring Quarter Begins March 20, 1946 FOR INFORMATION WRITE THE REGISTRAR 1886 1945 - Vhis page in the original text is blank. Vhis page in the original text is blank. Vhis page in the original text is blank. Vhis page in the original text is blank. The K. N. E. A. Journal Official Organ of the Kentucky Negro Education Association Vol. XVII October-November, 1945 No. 1 Published by the Kentucky Negro Education Association Editorial Office at 2230 West Chestnut Street Louisville 11, Ken!tucky W. H. Perry, Jr., Executive Secretary, Louisville, Managing Editor Mrs. Lucy Harth Smith, Lexington, President of K.N.E.A. BOARD OF DIRECTORS A. F. Gibson, Pineville Victor K. Perry, Louisville Mrs. Mayme S. Morris, Louisville Whitney M. Young, Lincoln Ridge Published bimonthly during the school year October, December, February and April PRICE 50 CENTS PER YEAR OR 15 CENTS PER COPY Membership in the K. N. E. A. includes subscription to the Journal. Rates of advertising mailed on request. CONTENTS K. N. E. A. Officers ............................................. 2 Editorial Comment ............................................. 3 State College Host to Principals ................................. 4 Salary Equalization......................... 7 Service to Post-War Education, L. H. Smith ........................ 9 West Kentucky Marches On, H. C. Russell ........................ 10 The Late W. S. Blanton ..................................... 12 Kentucky State College Notes ......................... 13 Program for Veterans......................... 14 Lincoln Institute Notes......................... 15 Louisville Municipal Notes......................... 16 Guide to Action for American Teachers .......................... 17 Legislative Programs .......................................... 19 Government Provisions for Education of Veterans ................ 20 American Teachier Association News ............................. 21 Commission on Negro Affairs Completes Study ....... ........... 22 Directors Back Atwood Bill ...................................... 23 Rlites Held for John W. Bate .................................... 24 Honor Roll ........................................... 25 Kullings.... 26 K. N. E. A. OFFICERS FOR 1945-1946 Lucy Harth Smith, President ............................ Lexington Robert L. Dowery, First Vice-President ................... Franklin T. J. Long, Second Vice-President ........... ............. Louisville W. H. Perry, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer ..................... Louisville BOARD OF DIRECTORS Lucy Harth Smith, President ........................... Lexington A. F. Gibson .......................... . . iPineville Mayme R. Morris ............................ Louisville Victor K. Perry ........................... Louisville Whitney M. Young .. .......................... Lincoln Ridge DEPARTMENTAL AND CONFERENCE CHAIRMEN Edward T. Buford, High School and College Dept ...iBowling Green Mayme R. Morris, Elementary Education Dept .......... Louisville M. L. 'Copeland, Rural School Dept . .............. Hopkinsville R. L. Carpenter, Music Department ....................... Louisville B. W. Browne, Vocational Education Dept ................. Paducah W. 0. Nuckolls, Principals' Conference . ............. Providence Beatrice C. Willis, Primary Teachers' Dept . ........... Louisville Anorma Beard, Youth Council . ................. Louisville Ouida Wilson Evans, Art Teachers' Conference .......... Louisville G. W. Jackson, Social Science Teachers' Conference....-.Louisville Gertrude Sledd, Science Teachers' Conference . .......... Danville Jewell R. Jackson, English Teachers' Conference ......... Covington C. Elizabeth Mundy, Librarians' Conference .............. Louisville W. L. Kean, Physical Education Department .............. Louisville W. H. 'Craig, Guidance Workers' Conference ............... Covington A. J. Richards, Foreign Language Teachers' Conference..-.Frankfort William D. Johnson, Adult Education Department ......... Louisville PRESIDENTS of K.N.E.A. DISTRICT EDUCATION ASSOCIATIONS 1-Bettie C. Cox, Paducah .................. First District Association 2- Herbert Kirkwood, Henderson ......... Second District Association 3-E. B. MdClaskey, Russellville .......... Third District Association 4-Russell Stone, Bloomfield .Fourth District Association 5-Mayme R. Morris, Louisville ............Fifth District Association 6-Whitney M. Young, Lincoln Ridge.. Blue Grass District Association 7-H. R. Merry, Covington ............ Northern 'District Association 8--E. M. Kelly, Jenkins ................ Eastern District Association 9-J. A. Matthews, Benham ........ Upper Cumberland District Assn. GROUP LEADERS 1E. T. Buford: High School and College Department, Principals' Conference, Librarians' Conference, Adult Education Department, Art Teachers' Conference (Section I): Music [Department, (section I) . 2-Beatrice C. Willis: ElementaTy Education Department, Primary Teachers' Conference, Art Teachers' Conference (Section 2), Music 'Department (Section 2). .3-4G. W. Jackson: Social Science Teachers' Conference, Science Teachers' Conference, English Teachers' Conference, Foreign Language Teachers' Conference, Physical Education Department. 4-4W. H. Craig: Guidance Workers' Conference, Youth Council, Voc- tional Education Department, Rural School Department. 2 I Editorial Comment KENTUCKY PLANS FOR PROGRESS There are encouraging signs that Kentucky is going to improve its rank among the states of the nation. The Committee for Kentucky, organized by citizens, and with adequate financial resources for ex- tensive research, the Post-War Planning Commission and the Com- mission on Negro Affairs-the two latter appointed by Governor Willis, and composed of interested groups who have done a careful job with no financial support-have reached the final stages of their studies, and programs of action are in order. Their findings show that Kentucky has fallen from its high place in comparison with other states to a very low rank industrially, eco- nomically, educationally and in many other fundamental ways. Pages of statistics show the relatively poor status of our state 'on numerous items studied. But the picture is not all bad.' In some instances, com- munities in Kentucky rank higher than the national average on the item considered. Of major importance is the fact that we have be- come aware of our problems. That is requisite to their solution. The K.N.E.A. views the special phases of education with which it deals as a part of the general educational program of the state. The basic factors affecting the education of the colored population are so closely related to those which control the progress "of our state as a whole that to remedy one is to favorably affect the others. Low expenditure for public education, a high degree of illiteracy through- out the state, numerous sparsely settled sections which make high schools inaccessible to thousands of boys and girls are among the con- ditions which present major difficulties to general education. A de- creasing Negro population, limited vocational and agricultural op- portunities, and the expense inherent in a dual system of education present special problems for Negro educators. Kentuckians are hopeful that through the enlightenment result- ing from the findings of study groups, the local and legislative actions necessary for advancement will occur speedily. SCHOOLS FACE POST-WAR CONDITIONS The "post-war period" is here. During the years of war much oratory addressed itself to post-war planning; some serious thinking projected itself to that period. Peace came suddenly, with its many challenges, and with the necessity for adjustments in many areas of life. Education, along with other institutions geared to a war time economy, found itself depended on to keep pace with, and even to anticipate, the reasonable demands likely to be made upon it. Kentucky teachers, attempting to meet changing needs of their 3 particular communities, look forward again to the resumption of their annual spring conventions, to gain inspiration, and to exchange ideas and experiences for attacking common problems. The 1946 annual convention should afford an excellent opportunity for groups and de- partments to plan programs calculated to aid youth in becoming a constructive factor in the post war world. STATE COLLEGE HOST TO PRINCIPALS Principals and Visitors at Principals Institute, Kentucky State College, August 27-29, 11945 An institute of the principals in Negro high school of the state, made possible through the combined efforts of the State Department of Education, The Southern Education Foundation, and Kentucky State College, was held on the campus of the college August 27-29, 1945. The theme, "Improvement of the Community through the School" guided the general and group discussions of the sixty-four principals and visitors in attendance. Speakers on the opening program, presided over by President R. B. Atwood, were Messrs. H. Fred Willkie and W. P. Offutt, of the Governor's Post-War Planning Commission; J. M. Tydings and W. H. Perry, Jr., of the Governor's Commission on Negro Affairs; Frank L. Stanley, of the Committee for Kentucky. The general discussion was led by Mr. Sam B. Taylor, ofthe State Department of Education. Mr. Whitney M. Young, assistant supervisor of Negro educat.Ofl, 4 presided over the secon4 general session, at which the programs ot vocational education land of vocational rehabilitation were presented by Messrs. T. 0. Hall, Director of Veterans Administration, Ralph H. Woods, Chief, Bureau of Vocational Education, and Hickman W. Baldree, Director, Division Vocational Rehabilitation. President H. C. Russell, W. K. V. T. S., conducted the general discussion. Dr. Carl G. Franzen, Professor of Education, Indiana University, lectured and led discussion groups on problems connected with the improvement of instruction. Consideration of practical problems claimed the attention of the group for two days, and developed sug- gestions for constructive supervisory programs. Dr. J. D. Falls, Chief, Bureau of (Finance, State Department of Education, was the principal speaker at a dinner meeting, held in Underwood Refectory. In the conference, he outlined efforts being made to establish equality of salaries paid teachers of similar prep- aration and experience, regardless of race, and of high school or elementary level. He ventured the prediction that within a year all salaries within the state would be equalized, and that factors essential to its accomplishment are (a) more funds and (b) better local administrative policies. The spirit of the institute is reflected in the following statement of appreciation, unanimously adopted: "We are happy to express our appreciation and thanks to those who conceived the idea of bringing into existence the Principals Inn- stitute. Especially do we express our deep gratitude to R. B. Atwood, and the very able and efficient Institutq Commnittee, composed of J. T. Williams, Chairman, T. R. Dailey, Whitney Young, Sam Taylor, and R. E. Jaggers. All evidence indicates that this comanittee carefully and minutely planned and organizedi the program through which was assembled a staff of experts and consultants of the highest cali- bre. The contributions of the entire personnel to the Institute will always 'be highly treasured by all of the members of the Institute. "Indeed are we thankful for the -affable way in which the facili- ties of the college have been made available for our physical comfort; our modern and well kept rooms; the gracious and courteous manner in which the dietitian and her assistants spared no pains in doing their best to appease our appetites at each meal; the motorcade to the college farm where we participated most extravagantly in an old- fashioned barbecue; and the distribution of the Courier-Journal to our rooms each morning which gave us an opportunity to read our choice sections of the current news before breakfast." Committee Work At the beginning of the conference, the Institute delegation pro- vided for a committee of five members to be termed "The Findings Comnmittee." Throughout the proceedings of the Institute, this com- mittee was continuously at work endeavoring to shape a plan of action destined toward the improvement of each of the schools rep- resented. At one time or another, nearly every member of the In- stitute actively worked with this committee. 5 The members of the committee were: H. R. Merry, Chairman, Principal Lincoln Grant School, Covington; E. T. Buford, Principal State Street School, Bowling Green; W. L. Shobe, Principal Lynch Colored School, Lynch; W. 0. Nuckolls, Principal Rosenwald School, Providence; and E. W. Whiteside, Principal Lincoln School, Paducah. Secretarial services of the committee were contributed by: Kathelene Carroll, Lincoln Institute, Lincoln Ridge; and Alice Samuels, Mayo- Underwood School, Frankfort, Kentucky. The following report was submitted and adopted by the Institute: Recommendations The report of the Institute Committee on Findings recommends that: 1. Beginning with the school year l'94546 each principal working in cooperation with his faculty, community, superintendent, and 'Board of Education begin a study -of the educational needs of his community. The method of investigation to determine the educational needs should be delegated to the principal and his staff and organiza- tions. 2. When the needs begin to emerge, a careful analysis of every activity and course of the school -should be made in order to deter- mine what contribution is made towards meeting the ne-ds of the community. When specific needs are known, a philosophy of the school should be established. This philosophy should provide for a continuous study of the curriculum including (a) the course of study, (b) activities of the school, and (c) the activities of the community with its various agencies. 3. A meeting of the Principals' Institute be held at Kentucky State College annually for the purpose of evaluating and considering the Tesults of each school improvement program. 4. Each principal and his staff encourage and cooperate with the Governor's Commission on Post War Planning, The Commission on Negro Affairs, and The Committee for Kentucky in the dissemination of information. 5. The organization of local interracial groups for the study of the school needs and for the purpose of enlightening public opinion in racial understanding be begun immediately. *6. Consideration be given to the establishment and offering of courses in Race Relations in each of the white teacher-training in- stitutions and the University of Kentucky. 7. That well constructed. programs be formulated to assist the veteran and the handicapped in their attempts to make adequate ad- justment in the community. 8. That salary differentials be eliminated. Recognition is given to the advancement made by the State Department of Education to- wards eliminating salary differentials as affects Negro teachers of the state; however, such differentials should be removed immedi- ately and the State Board of Education is the body to remove such differentials. 9. The importance of school lunches and the health program be 6 given high consideration in the school study and improvement pro- gram. From the inspiration 'and information received during our stay here, the best in us has been challenged to the extent that we have determined to return to our various communities with renewed ef- fort and vigor to carry on the fight unceasingly against ignorance and everything which, tends to. impede the progress of the general educational program in* our various communities. Respectfully submitted, THE MEMBERS OF THE INSTITUTE By: H. R. Merry E. T. Buford N. L. Shobe W. 0. Nuckolls Kathelene Carroll Alice Samuels SALARY EQUALIZATION The following letter gives information on the question of salary equalization of teachers within the state. July 23, 1945 To the Directors and Presidents of District Associations Kentucky Negro Education Association Dear Co'- Workers: At the meeting of the Board of Directors of the K. N. E. A. on May 25, discussion relative to'the equalization of teachers' salaries centered on the belief that equalization is more an 'administrative matter than a legislative one, and that the State Department of Edu- cation should be asked to not approve salary schedules from county or independent units which contained differentials based on race. A letter making this request was sent by the K. N. E. A. secre- tary to Dr. J. D. Falls, Chief of the Bureau of Finance, who, jalong with Mr. John Fred Williams, Superintendent of Public Instruction, suggested a conference on the question. The conference was set for Thursday, July 12; each District President received an invitation to attend if convenient. It was attended by the K. N. E. A. secretary and President R. B. Atwood, of Kentucky State College, Dr. Falls, and Superintendent Williams, in the office of the latter. (KNEA President Lucy Harth Smith was out of the state at that time.) The following facts de- veloped: '1. The State Department is making progress in its policy of equal- izing the salaries of teachers of the state. 2. The State Department is seeking to remove not only differ- entials due to race, but those between elementary and secondary teachers of similar preparation and experience; it frequently returns schedules for removal of inequalities. '7 3. At present, all but one of the one hundred twenty counties, and forty-two of the sixty-eight independent districts show no racial differentials in their salary schedules. This group is gradually in- creasing in number. 4. Some school units pay higher salaries to their white teachers on the assumption that they render a higher "quality of service." The law bases salary on preparation (semester hours), experience (in years), and quality of service. The State Department is seeking to limit the items which may affect "quality of service." (There may be a possibility here for judicial or legislative interpretation.) 5. It is possible that, in some instances the salary actually paid a given teacher is less than that shown for the teacher on the salary schedule. State inspectors (there lare never more than two) do not discover such a situation until six months or longer after the oc- currence. However, the files of the' State Department are open to in- spection, and any teacher may determine at any time his salary *as shown by the schedule. The Director of the Division of School Finance, Dr. Falls, accept- ed an invitation to present the activities of his department to the principals of the state in their August meeting at Kentucky State College. The State Department of Education devoted the May, 1945, issue of the ED:UCATI'ONAL BUTfILEETIN (Vol. XIII, No. 3) to tables and comment relative to the "Financial Support, Financial Ability, and Inequalities Existing in Various School Systems in Kentucky." The foregoing facts indicate that the State Department of Edu- cation, through its administrative practices, in making progress in securing confonnity to the law governing equal salaries for teachers of similar preparation and experience, and is trying to limit the "quality of service" factor. But certainly that equality does not exist in one county and in twenty six independent districts, and the probability that inequalities are practiced in others, are still matters of concern to the K. N. E. A. The facts outlined above indicate further action by the State De- partment may be expected where specific, factual evidences of in- equalities, due to racial discrimination Oare presented. They suggest also, that further conferences of K. N. E. A. and State Department officials, without such evidence are of limited value. It may be practical to suggest that District Associations make careful studies of situations in which discrimination based on race is thought to exist (within the respective districts), that the amounts of the salaries actually paid teachers be compared with the salaries of those teachers as shown on the salary schedules, and any inequalities specified, that the local possibilities and attitudes be carefully studied. The K. N. E. A. can then present these data to the State Department: and seek its cooperation in bringing about equalization. Respectfully submitted, William H. Perry, Jr., Secretary NOTE: Since the date of the above communication, salaries in six additional cities have been. equalized. 8 A CHANCE FOR IMMEDIATE SERVICE TO POST WAR EDUCATION Lucy Harsh Smith, President, K. N. E. A. Now that World War II has ceased a large responsibility for post- war education rests upon us as teachers of youth. Some of our chief duties will be that of keeping well informed about the G. I. Bill of Rights and the distribution of surplus govern- ment property. We should encourage our returned soldiers to take advantage of the educational opportunities offered them. Their army training has enabled many to discover hidden talents, which were used to help win the war. Soldiers should be advised to further develop these talents and apply the same toward a larger service for themselves and others. The Surplus Property Board will soon begin to distribute mate-ials from the nations surplus stockpile. This surplus stock includes almost everything known to the mind and many materials unknown to most of us. Robert A. Hurley, a member of the Surplus Property Board, said that the plan was to distribute, virtually cost free much of the ma- terials and equipment left over from the war. Everything from com- plete hospitals to the latest athletic equipment will be available to counties, schools, charities and other non-profit institutions, that can show: 1. That they could not afford to buy such equipment through normal trade channels. 2. That they will provide necessary building and staff to use the materials correctly. Surplus property for schools include food for lunches, visual aid, audio aids in abundance. The Army and Navy have hundreds of mo- tion picture projectors with sound equipment, millions of feet of educational film which will be distributed to schools on basis of need. All surplus electronic equipment, broadcasting stations, radio re- ceivers, walkie talkies-enough to put a radio in every classroom in the nation will be available to the schools. Other educational supplies include athletic and physical education equipment, libraries, surplus hand tools, machine tools and materials to teach industrial crafts. Sixty million dollars worth of laboratory and research equipment, Scientific instruments will be made. available to schools, colleges and non-profit research institutions. Teachers should list their classroom needs and request these needs from the nations surplus stockpile through their Boards of Education. 'There is much that teachers can do immediately, however, to as- sist this program. First study sections 13 of P.L. 457, 78th Congress. Effords are being made to amend Section 13 of P.L. 457 in such a way as to kill the benefits authorized for education and public health. Section 13 of the act reads: 9 (a) Public education is accorded priority rights to surplus gov- ernment property appropriate for educational use, after federal agen- cies have exercised a first priority with respect to them. (b) Both public and non-profit education are eligible for special price marks downs under the law. The extent of price concessions to education upon the public benefits flowing from the use of surplus materials by education. If such benefits are believed to be high, the price concessions will be considerable, in some instances resulting in nothing more than a nominal charge to be met by the school buyer. (c) The law authorizes schools to meet their legitimate needs from the surplus stockpile and states that the Surplus Property Board "shall determine on the basis of need what transfers shall be made." ,If you agree that the benefits guaranteed to education under sec- tion 13 P. L. 457, 78th Congress should be continued, then you as teachers should write individual Letters to your United States Sena- tors and to your Congressmen, now, and you should persuade other persons to write letters to them, expressing: '(a) your appreciation for the action of the 78th Congress in en- acting P.L. 457 with sections 13 as stated in the Act. (b) you hope that section 1'3 will stand as it is, and (c) your urgent desire that Surplus Property Adinnistration give effect to section 13 at the earliest possible time. Since there are organizations incorporated with the express pur- pose of impeding the progress of the Negro, it is your duty as educa- tors to double your efforts to bring out the best in. your students that they might be able to enjoy the "Four Freedoms" and take their places in the sun. WEST KENTUCKY MARCHES ON by H. C. Russell The healthy growth and sound development of the West Kentuc- ky Vocational Training School at Paducah is a concrete demonstra- tion of the increasing interest of the people in vocational education. For twenty years following the enactment of the Smith-HEughes Vo- cational Educational Act of 1917, there was but little done in trade and in industrial education among the Negro schools of the State. Just why this inactivity is another issue. Although a few schools, notably 'Central High School at Louisville, John G. Fee School at M'aysville and Lincoln Institute, consistently operated some trade and industrial projects, the people were not awakened to the importance of such work until the various work projects of the Federal Govern- ment demonstrated the method and value of this training for Negro youth and adults. Incidentally, the West Kentucky Vocational Training School was opened just at the time the government train- ing programs were in full operation, and for the next four years, its 10 student body and much of its support were furnished by various federal training agencies. West Kentucky was not put on its own resources for student recruitment until the beginning of the fifth year of its operation, 1942. With its federal constituency withdrawn, and facing a public wvhich was yet to be educated in the aims, methods, and possibilities of vocational education, for the Negro youth of the State, the school found itself in a very difficult situation. This was reflected in the at- tendance which, by the close of the session in June, 1943, had dwin- dled to 55 students. Now fully convinced that the administration must put forth herculean efforts if the school was to fulfill its mission, the President conducted a promotion campaign that reached into every nook and corner of the State. By June, 1944, the enrollment had doubled, and inm the next year it had more than doubled again, with the result that 260 students were enrolled in day and night classes in the school year 1,944-45. At the beginning of the present session, September 1945, the dor- mitories of the school are practically filled with boarding students for the first time in its history. Very few rooms except a group that is being reserved for returned soldiers are without tenants. Kentucky has at last "come through," and demonstrated in no uncertain terms that sound and practical education of the vocational type is an ac- cepted part of the educational program for the State's Negro citizens. PLAN NOW TO ATTEND THE K. N. E. A. CONVENTION APRIL 10-13, 1946, IN LOUISVILLE INCREASINGLY, PRINCIPALS AND TEACHERS THROUGH- OUT KENTUCKY ARE POINTING THEIR STUDENTS TO THE- WEST KENTUCKY VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHOOL Paducah, Kentucky Graduates are fast entering the industrial and business life of the State. FOR INFORMATION WRITE Harvey C. Russell, President l THE LATE W. S. BLANTON William Spencer Blanton, born ''of humble parentage in Wood- ford county, the eldest of eight children, became a strong factor in educational, religious, fraternal and civic life of Kentucky. Appointed to teach in the schools of Woodford county, he attended Kentucky State Normal between sessions, and graduated in 1.906. Later he graduated from Simmons University and the University of Cincin- nati, and had almost qualified for the Master's Degree at the Univer- sity of Cincinnati at the time of his passing. Mris career as an educator was developed in the public schools of Henderson, Columbus, Shelbyville, Newport and Frankfort. In Shel- byvillek he directed a campaign which resulted in a new school build- ing for that city, and in Newport secured funds for the establishment of a model playground. The Mayo4Underwood High School, of Frank- .fort, is a monument to a cooperative enterprise which he directed, and whichi resulted in its construction. The school has served as the center for the city's first 'athletic program, in many years, its first band, and an active parent-teacher association. Prof. Blanton served for two years as president of the K. N. E. A. He was an ordained minister of the Baptist church, ta veteran of the Spanish-American War, and active in fraternal organizations. At the time of his passing, he was an instructor at the Oliver Street High School at Winchester. He is survived by his wife, Mrs. Etta R. Blan- ton, who is alsof a highly respected teacher of the state. 12 KENTUCKY STATE COLLEGE NOTES Kentucky State College opened this year with 'a large enrollment, and all available space in boys and girls dormitories filled. Previous to the registration date, more than fifty athletes had begun football practice, and were drilling 'twice daily under the tu- torship of Head Coach Bill Willis. Five faculty members used the summer period to prepare them- selves further for the work which they will be called upon to do. Mrs. Dora Ferrell studied toward her Master's Degree in Physical Educa- tion at Ohio State University; Mrs. Blanche A. Hamilton toward her Master's Degfee in Home Economics at Iowa State College; Mrs. Helen E. Holmes studied toward her Doctorate in a special English workshop under Dr. Lou LaBrant at Columbia University; Miss Tom- mie Lee Pradd, Dean of Women, toward her Doctorate in' Student Per- sonnel at Columbia University; and Mrs. Clarice J. Michaels earned her Master's Dlegree in Public School Music at Northwestern Univer- sity. Five other faculty members have been granted sabbatical leaves for study during the school year. Mr. M. P. Carmichael will work toward his Doctorate in Sociodogy at Columbia University; Mr. W. W. Jones toward his Doctorate in Mathematics and Physics at Cornell University; Mr. A. J. Riclhards toward his Doctorate in Romance Languages at State University of Iowa; Mr. Harold S. Smith toward his Doctorate in History and Government at the University of Wis- consin; and Mr. A. W. Wright toward his Doctorate in Sociology at University of Wisconsin. Mrs. Katie H. Brownv has been granted sick leave for one quarter from her duties at the Elementary Training School. Faculty additions and replacements consist of the following: Miss Alma 'Louise Allen, B. S. (Business), University of Colorado, last employed by the Federal Government at Washing-ton, D. C., be- comes secretary to the President, succeeding Mrs. Pauline W. Gould; Alfred Allen, B. S., Kentucky State College, comes from construction employment at Covington, to Storeroom Keeper and Assistant Coach of Football; Dr. T. B. Biggerstaff comes to the college to be part- time Dentist; Joseph Fletcher, B. S., Hampton, M. A., Cornell, one year toward DoctQrate, Columbia, comes from Principalship at Richmond High School, to be Assistant Professor of English, succeed- ing Mrs. B. S. Moore; Mrs. Pauline W. Gould, A. B., Arkansas State College, M. A., Tennessee State College, formerly secretary to, the President, becomes instructor at the Elementary Training School, sub- stituting one quarter for Mrs. Katie H. Brown; Theodore Gould, B. S. (Civil Engineering), University of Pennsylvania, M. A., (Physics), Boston University, 'Diploma in Electrical Wiring, Wentworth Uni- versity, comes from West Virginia State College to be Associate Pro- fessor and Head of Department in General Engineering; Miss Fledora V. Hall, A. B., Benedict College, graduate study at Howard Univer- sity, comes from the job as Matron at the Friendship Junior College 13 to be Director of Chandler Hall, succeeding Mrs. Gretchen Bradley Payne; Mrs. Emmy V. Hunt, B. S., Hampton Institute, M. A., Co. lumbia University, comes from Bethune.+Cookman College, to be instructor of Clothing and related work, succeeding Mrs. Ellen Ripley; Miss Lucinda Dorothy Jordon, A. B., Fisk University, Summa Cum Laude, comes to be Instructor in French and English during the leave of absence of Mr. Richards; Mrs. Bruce S. Laine, R. N., Me- harry Medical College, becomes School Nurse, succeeding Mrs. Katie BYackburn; Cecil Morton, B. S., Hampton Institute, recently dis- charged from the armed forces, becomes Manager of the Clampus Co- operative, during the absence of Mr. Wright; Miss Catharine G. Nash, A. B., Spelman, B. S. (Library Science), Western Reserve, comes from Alabama State Teachers College to be Assistant Librarian, succeed- ing Mrs. Estella White; Thomas H. Qualls, A. B., Texas College, for- merly Bursar at Texas College, becomes cashier, succeeding Mrs. Margaret Young; Mrs. Allie Mae Richards, A. B., Kentucky State Col- lege, has been appointed Director of Memorial Hall; Wilford A. Strong, B. S., (Accounting), American International College, M.B.A., in Finance, University of Pennsylvania, becomes Instructor in the Department of Business Administration, succeeding Mrs. Ethel Cox; Miss Delores C. Thompson, B. S., Wilberforce University, work com- pleted for M. S. at Ohio State University (degree not yet awarded), becomes Instructor in the Department of History and Government, during the absence of Mr. Smith; Miss Clara Bell Webb, B. S., Tenn- essee State College, comes from employment with the Federal Government in Washington, D. C., to be secretary to the Dean and Registrar, succeeding Miss Elizabeth. Bingham; William Willis, B. S., (Physical Education), Ohio State University, one summer of gradu- ate study, three times All4American in Big Ten Conference, becomes Head Coach of Football and Instructor in Health and Physical Edu- cation, succeeding Mr. Henry A. Kean; Dianiel Webster Wynn, A. B., Langston University, B. D., Howard University, M. A. (Religious Education), Howard University, exchange student at Eden Theo- logical Seminary, becomes Instructor in the Department of Sociol- ogy and College Chaplain, during the absence of Mr. Carmichael. Freshmen Orientation conducted September 24-25. Registration of all students, September 26. STATE COLLEGE PROGRAM FOR VETERANS Kentucky State College offers courses leading to the Bachelor's degree to veterans who are graduates of accredited high schools. It also allows opportunity for veterans who are not high school gradu- ates, but who can demonstrate competence as shown by the results of tests as recommended by the United States Armed Forces Institute and the American Council on Education, to be granted the college level of classification exhibited. Such persons will be granted the privilege of pursuing majors toward the Bachelor's degree or enroll- ment in any course offeried by the college for which the persons are eligible. Veterans who are not qualified high school graduates may enroll in any courses offered by the college from which they may profit and exhibit progress. As long as the instructor recommends that such person is receiving profit the veteran may remain in such courses. Upon their satisfactory completion, a certificate of proficiency for each course completed will be granted. Some of the courses offered veterans are: vegetable growing, dairying, poultry husbandry, fruit growing, care of farm animals, farm animals, farm management, food preservation, typewriting, stenography, child care, chef cooking, food preparation and serving, home nursing, clothing construction, costume designing, social case work, major sports, music, welding, heating plant operation,. engi- neering, teacher-training courses, radio, biology, chemistry, physics. LINCOLN INSTITUTE NOTES Lincoln Institute opened September 14 with -the largest enroll- ment in its history. Among the new teachers added to the faculty this year are: Miss Jessie Sawyer, M. S., .Instructor in Home Economics; Mr. Wil- liam Wood, M. A., Head of the Department of Social Slcience; Miss Margaret Bard, A. B., Director of Personnel and Guidance; Mrs. Mar- jorie Jones, R. N., School Nurse; Miss Anita Cooper, B. S., Wilber- force University, Instructor in Mathematics; Miss Martha Black, A. B., Secretary to the Educational Director; and Mr. Oliver Hewitt, Dean of Men. These additions to the faculty will strengthen the program and give a greater variety of choices for the students in both aca- *demic and vocational work. During the summer a $10,000.00 water plant has been completed. The plant is complete, consisting of two large reservoirs and a com- plete filtration system, designed by the chief engineer of the Louis- ville water works. New hard wood floors ate now being placed in both dormitories. Additional rooms are being added to take care of more boys and re- turned veterans. All of the buildings have received some remodeling. New side walks have been built connecting the various build- ings. Among the important changes which have been made in the academic department are the addition of Guidance and a Foreign Language. The teacher training program began October 1, and will con- tinue throughout the year. It will be under the supervision of Mrs. K. M. Carroll. Our one regret is that we have been compelled to eliminate practically all of the out of state students in order to provide 'space for county students within the state. A new contract is now in the making for the erection of a new highway which willconnect the campus with the main highway, U. S. 60. 15 LOUISVILLE MUNICIPAL COLLEGE NOTES FACULTY CHANGES AND APPOINTMENTS: A signal honor has come to Louisville Municipal College, in the appointment by the United States Government of Assistant Professor William L. Fields, Department of Physics and Mathematics, to special Research in the Quartermaster Depot, at Jeffersonville, Indiana. Mr. Fields has ob- tained leave-of-absence from the College for the year.- M;iss Rosalind M. Eagleson, a graduate of Fisk University, and student and candidate for the M. S. degree in Brown University, will teach the classes in physics and mathematics, in the absence of Mr. Fields. Dr. Forrest Oran Wiggins, (A. B., Butler: M. A., Ph. D., Univer- sity of Wisconsin) has accepted appointment as Associate Professor of Romance Languages. Dr. Wiggins has taught in Morehouse, John- son C. Smith, Howard, and North Carolina State. He will fill the vacancy occasioned by the fact that Mrs. M. E. iWhedbee will not re- turn. Dr. Wiggins will also assist in World Culture courses. Miss Loretta Bradford, (B.. S., '41) now serves as secretary, suc- ceeding Mrs. Cecelia Fisher Horton. Dr. Nancy Woolridge, formerly head of the Department of Eng- lish, is now a member of the faculty of Hampton Institute. *Mr. Thomas D. Jarrett, formerly of the English Department, was a visitor on the campus recently. Having received an honorable dis- charge as 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry, he is now studying in the gradu- ate school of the University of Chicago. ,NEWS ITSMS-Miss Margaret Duncan, ((B. S., '45) received the 2nd prize in the College Essay Contest, on tuberculosis, sponsored by the Louisville Tuberculosis Association. Miss Ida Christabelle Downs, '48, won the 4th prize in the State Tuberculosis Essay Contest. Miss Sara Osborne won prizes and national acclaim in singing contests in Chicago, Detroit, and other places, during the summer. A member of the Class of '48, Miss Osborne, also a protege of Miss Car- penter, Lecturer of Music, returned to L. M. C., this fall, but will later take up, under scholarship provisions, voice culture and train- ing. The Library was renovated and redecorated during the summer. Steward Hall and various needed places also exhibited evidence of the painters' brushes. Miss Georgia Peters, (M. A., Columbia), formerly dean of wo- men of West Virginia State College, now serves Louisville Municipal College as an instructor in the department of English, and as dean of women. Mr. Howard R. Barksdale, (A. B., M. A., Fisk), is the acting head of the department of English, and has made plans for the con- tinued development of the department. K.N.E.A. DATES: APRIL 10-13, 1946, IN LOUISVILLE Send Annual Dues NOW to the Secretary-Treasurer 16 GUIDE TO !,ACTION FOR AMERICAN TEACHERS RESOLUTIONS APPROVED BY THE DELEGATE CONFERENCE of the AME1I1CAN TEACHERS ASSOCUIATION HEIJD AT BENNETT COLLEGE GREENSiBORO, NORTH CAROLINA, JULY 25-26, 1945 RESOLVED THAT: 1. As educators we are apprehensive of'what may happen during the reconversion period, having in mind especially the Negro ex-ser- vice man and the Negro people in general. Displaced workers result- ing from the closing of war work, migrant groups and others under still other circumstances serve to complicate'the problem extremely. As educators swe shall -have to exercise precaution to see that we make our contribution to the return to a program of work directed toward services to the civilian population. The transition will offer -difficulties and our work must be actively felt in this tremendously important transition period. 2. We support whole-heartedly the projected legislation by Sen- ator Wagner of New York and his colleagues Which looks forward toward the provision of jobs and security for all. 3. We are especially concerned for the readjustment of the Negro ex-serviceman in communities which impose undue restrictions be- cause'of race. There can, be little doubt that men who have been in- doctrinated, through experience in the armed forces, against totali- tarianism will not be satisfied to find racialism, a rather fundamental tenet of Fascism, still deeply rooted and effectively operated at home. The types of communities described above are likely to see race friction which ought not to be allowed to sink to the level of physi- cal clashes. It is a mark of democratic practices that where important opinions differ widely between groups there should, be compromise, but it is unthinkable that any community should expect the Negro to do all the compromising, which fundamentally means no com- promise at all. Here,'then, is the very' difficult role in which we must highly resolve so to act that we may help avoid disgraceful situa- tions without losing sight of complete American citizenship. 4. It is obvious that returning servicemen will not avail them- selves of 'the advantages provided under the so-called GI Bill of Rights unless special effort is made'by the schools and other or- ganizations to acquaint them (especially those who have been away from the country) with the provisions of the Act. It should be among the "must" activities of every teacher to see to it that the people':in her community who have relatives among the servicemen shall be ac- quainted with the GI Bill and, 'as far as possible, promote programs among the civic organizations which will look toward dissemination of knowledge of the opportunities offered under the Bill. 5. It is our belief that the United States should set up no pro- gram of peacetime military training which will have in it -any segre- 17 gation or discrimination of any American citizen on account of race, creed, or color. The experiences of the armed forces have proved that integrated units, where set up, will work well. If there is to be peacetime military training, surely such integration would represent more of the democracy for which we have been fighting. 6. It is the abiding sentiment of this body that a permanent Fair Employment Practice Committee should 'be one of the chief considerations of 'Congress when it reconvenes and that our member- ship and their friends everywhere shall engage in an active program of promoting the establishment of this organization through making known to the president of the United States and both houses of Con- gress the demand for action, and by other feasible action. 7. We are solicitous about housing conditions for Negroes in the more congested communities, especially in the northern states. Not- withstanding the effectiveness of the housing program of the Federal Government, there has set in a conservative reaction which insists that housing is the concern of private businesses and industries. We must actively support a program which will provide for both govern- ment and business enterprises in the providing of homes for all people. The government, in our judgment, should enter the program where private enterprise finds it unprofitable to provide housing for the lower income group. Adequate shelter is too fundamental a prob- lem to be left wholly in the hands of private enterprises. 8. It is our belief that no financial qualifications should attach to the exercise of the suffrage by a citizen of the United States. We especially deplore the provisions by law in some states which impose limitations other than those offered by a law-abiding American citi- zen of proper age and mental competence. We shall, by every means at our disposal, seek the abolition of the poll tax by federal provi- sion. 9. We shall work consistently for the passing of legislation for federal aid to public education. Of necessity this must occupy a high place on our list of undertakings. It shall be the duty of our officers and other representatives to see that our voices are heard to. the end that such federal aid legislation shall provide ample protection for minority groups as well as provide for social welfare. ,10. As a professional group, we shall make all reasonable efforts to acquaint ourselves with the availability of surplus properties, as a result of the cessation of the war, in, order that our comm.i.~nities may be fully informed and that they may make proper requests for such materials as will increase the effectiveness of the instruction. This would seem a fine opportunity for many deprived communities to secure needed equipment from this source. 11. We are of the opinion that the movement to establish regional universities for Negroes in the South is a movement in an undesir- able direction. The individual state should provide for the education of its Negro citizens and this responsibility should not be transferred to a federated group of states whose program, whether by design or not, is likely to result in the exclusion by devious means of Ntegroes 18 from institutions of higher learning which are now open to them. 12. This organization stands firmly behind the view that it is necessary for teachers to have tenure and retirement status'. We shall do everything within our power to promote this view in our com- munities so that the teachers of our youth shall, be. in a position to exercise the privileges of citizenship and to enjoy the immunities of the profession without haunting fear of insecurity either for the im- mediate future or following cessation of active usefulness to the com- munity on account of age or ill health. 13. The democratic way of life also requires that teachers and officers on. all levels should participate in programming and in ad- ministrative policy-making within the educational organization. There can be no more adequate training for democracy when pro- grams and policies are imposed from above Utpon teachers and offi- cers without consulting their views or having them participate in the making of them. We, educators, therefore should exert every influence we can to displace a long established practice in certain com- munities in which such programs have been imposed upon the Negro educator in the manner indicated above. LEGISLATIVE PROGRAMS The KNDA membership endorses the 1946 Legislative Program of the K. E. A., designed to benefit all children of the state. The K. E. A. program follows: To the end that the children of Kentucky may have educational opportunities more nearly equal to those afforded in other states, thus enabling Kentucky's citizens to compete on a more nearly equal basis, with the citizens of other states in all industrial, economic, pali- tical, social and cultural activities, the Kentucky Education Associa- tion respectfully requests the General Assembly of Kentucky to enact into law in 1946 the following program: 1. A state common school per capita fund of $18,000,000. 2. A state equalization'fund of $2,000,000. 3. A state appropriation of $500,000 to aid pupil transportation. 4. An appropriation of $125,000 to the Superintendent of Public Instruction. 5. A salary of $5,000 per year for the Superintendent of Public Instruction. 6. Permission for each school district to levy a tax not to exceed $1.50 for school purposes. 7. Permission for school districts to share in the net profits of publicly owned utility plants. 8. A minimum school term of 8 months. 9. A' minimum teacher's salary of $100 per month. 10. Amendments to strengthen the Equalization Law. U1. Amendments to strengthen the Teacher Retirement Act. 12. A textbook adoption law to permit local adoptions of school books. 19 13. Amendments to strengthen the laws covering pupil transpor- tation. 14. Legislation looking toward .a new State Constitution. 15. Increased state appropriation for vocational education. 16. Adequate financial support for state institutions of higher learning. 17. Amendments to strengthen the school' attendance laws. The 1946 legislative program of the K. N. E. A., planned to af- fect favorably certain special conditions peculiar to Negro youth, was published in'the April-May, 1945'issue of the KNEA JOUtRNAL. GOVERNMENT PROVISIONS FOR THE EDUCATION OF VETERANS All discharged men and women who have served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard since September 16, 1940, are eligible for training under the provisions of one of two bills enacted by the United States Government. Below are presented pertinent provisions of each of the bills. Training Under The "G-I Bill" (Public Law 346) Who Are Eligible? A. Every person who was not over 25 years of age at the time he entered the service: provided that- l.He entered the service on or after September 16, 1940, and prior to the termination of the present war. 2. He was discharged under conditions other than dishonorable. 3. He served 9!0 days or more, exclusive of any period he was as- signed for a course of education or training under the Army training program or the Navy College training program, which course was a continuation of his civilian course and was pursued to completion, or if he served less than 90 days he may have been discharged or released because of service-incurred injury or disability. B. Every person over 125 years of age at the time he entered the service (under the same conditions as abo-ve) provided he can show that his education or training has been impeded, delayed, or interrupted or interfered with. A person meeting these conditions may be eligible for a refresher or retraining course not in excess of one calendar year, if he so selects such a course rather than the continuation of his' civilian course presumed to have been interrupt- ed, impeded or interferred with. Benefits Under the Act 1. Tuition and necessary books and supplies will be furnished by the government. 2. Subsistence pay of $50.00 per month will be paid to veterans with no dependents, and $75.00 per month to veterans with dependents (regardless of number of dependents) while they are in attendance in school. 20 3. Thirty days of leave with pay are permitted during the year, exclusive of regular school holidays during the school term. 4. The veteran will be entitled to medical benefits provided by the school for regular students. Vocational Rehabilitation of Disabled Veterans QPublic Law 16) Who Are Eligible Any person who has been in active military or naval service on or after September 16, 1(940, and during the present war who: A. Has been discharged or released from active service under con- ditions other than dishonorable. . B. Has a disability which was incurred in or aggravated by his service in the armed forces and for which a pension is payable accord- ing to the laws and limitations of the Veterans Administration. C. Has need for rehabilitation to overcome the handicaps of his disability. Benefits Under the Act 1. All tuition charges. 2. During the Vaining period and, for two months after his em- pl6yability is determined, the veteran receives $8G.00i per month if single, and $90.00, per month if married and $10.00 per month addi- tional for each dependent child or parent. AMERICAN TEACHERS ASSOCIATION NEWS University of Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota To the Teachers of Kentucky clo Mr. W. H. Perry, Jr. Louisville, Kentucky DIear Co-Workers: As teachers of Negro children during these days of reconversion, it becomes increasingly necessary that we concertedly concern our- selves with various important issues of national scope and in the interest of our communities and pupils. The resolutions printed in this bulletin, which were 'adopted at the 1945 National Conference of your professional organization, the AMERICAN TEACHERS AS- SOCIATION, at Bennett College, July 25-26, are presented here as a guide to action during this period when group action is indeed im- portant. Your representatives to this conference came from seven- teen states 'and the District of Columbia. The officers of the ATA -are dedicated to the effort to bring these resolutions to the attention of our lawmakers and state and national leaders, and to affect them in every way possible. In your name this activity has 'already been started. The 84% increase in memberships, bringing ATA membership up to approximately 7,500 for 1944-45, makes it possible for the as- . sociation to effect more complete representation in the interest of our teachers and their considered resolutions. Kentucky made a con- 21 tribution to the increase through increasing its own membership in ATA 16%. Great good can be done by local interest and activity in the in- terest of these resolutions. The work of the individual teacher will be the test of the strength of our work. Adopt these resolutions as your own!, Do your part in interpreting them to your pupils and their parents! See that your community leaders get those resolutions which are applicable to their variouA interests. Write to your congressmen, governor and mayor or local officials.-4If 'TEESE RESOLUTIONS ARE TO BE ALIVE, YOU ARE IMPORTANT iN MAKIN3NG THEM SO!! Walter N. Ridley, President AMERICAN TEACHERS ASSOCIATION (NOTE: The president of the ATA, Walter N. Ridley, is the recipient of a General Education Board Fellowship and is studying this year in the Graduate School of the University of Minnesota, at Minneapolis. Mr. Ridley is on leave from his position as head of the psychology department at Virginia State College.) COMMISSION ON NEGRO AFFAIRS COMPLETES STUDY The Kentucky Commission on Negro Affairs, appointed by Gov- ernor Simeon Willis in September, 1944, to study the status of and make recommendations concerning the Negro citizens of the Com- monwealth in the areas of civil rights, education, economics, health and housing, completed its work and presented its report to the gov- ernor on November 1. ,The Commission, biracial in character, was unique in that it was the first of its kind created in any state by executive order for the purpose stated. Several states have requested printed copies of its findings. The Commission consisted of J. M. Tydings, Business Manager, Lincoln Institute and W. H. Perry, Jr., Secretary, K. N. E. A., Co- chairmen; Robert E. Black, Executive Secretary, Louisville Urban League, secretary; Tarleton Collier, Louisville Courier-Journal; Dr. Maurice F. Rabb, Secretary, State Medical Society; Dr. William H. Vaughn, President, Morehead State Teachers College; Mrs. Chris- tine Bradley South, Department of Health; Walter K. Belknap, Trus- tee, Lincoln Institute; Mrs. L. B. Fouse, Women's Federation; C. W. Anderson, State Representative; Judge J. J. Kavanaugh. The report is expected to be the basis for legislative and adminis- trative practices -of the state in the fields studied. The recommenda- tions made, and the conditions warranting them, as presented in the respective sections of the report, will appear in subsequent issues of the K. N. E. A. Journal. K.N.E.A. DATES: APRIL 10-13, 1946, IN LOUISVILLE Send Annual Dues NOW to the Secretary-Treasurer 22 DIRECTORS BACK ATWOOD BILL The directors of the K. N. E. A., at their meeting held on Novem- ber 3, gave full endorsement to requests for appropriations of funds, made before the Legislative Council by representatives of West Ken- tucky Vocational Training School, Kentucky State College, and Lin- coln Institute. Each school sought increased revenue for expansion of plant and curricula to meet increasing educational needs and ac- creditation requirements. They endorsed, also, a bill presented by President R. B. Atwood, of Kentucky State College, to provide (1) specifically for the expan- sion and development of that institution; (2) for an increase from $175 to $350 in the amount of state aid granted graduate students pur- suing, outside of Kentucky, courses of study offered at state institu- tions they cannot attend because of the provisions of KRS 158.020, and (3) for the admission to any educational institution in this state of any Negro qualified to pursue a course of instruction of graduate grade or on the professional level, which course is not available at Kentucky State College. The directors approved the recommendations of the secretary- treasurer that the evening sessions of the Association during its con- vention next April be held at Quinn Chapel A. M. E. Church, and that the morning and afternoon sessions be held at one of the Louis- ville public school buildings, where facilities suitable for departmen- tal and small group conferences are available. Reverend W. H. Ballew, Moderator, presented a resblution adopt- ed by the General Association of KXntucky Baptists, urging that West Kentucky Vocational Training 'School be made a junior col- lege. The directors promised further consideration of the idea, in re- lation to the plan to increase the vocational offering of that institu- tion, and with due regard to its place in the general program of de- velopment of state educational institutions. 23 K. N. E. A. ANNUAL SESSION Louisville, April 10-13, 1946 PAY ANNUAL FEE NOW REGULAR MEMBERSHIP $1.00 HONOR MEMBERSHIP $2.00 Increased revenue is needed for development of group and departmental programs Rites Held For Prof. John W. Bate, Educator Gave 58 Years to Local School Named For Him; Was Berea Graduate Funeral services were held at Bate auditorium for Professor John W. Bate, 91-year old educa- tor and principal emeritus of Bate School, who died at his resi- dence, Danville, Ky. The oldest living graduate of Berea College at the time of his death, Prof. Bate was for 59 years connected with the city and county school systems of Danville and Boyd county. He retired in 1942 from the principal- ship of Bate high school which was built in 11912 and named for him. Born in Louisville in 1854, Pro- fessor Bate attended Berea col- lege, entering in 1672 and work- ing his way through its academy and college classes until he re- ceived his bachelor of arts degree in 1M81. Ten years later he was awarded his master of arts' de- gree. Prof. Bate's entire life thereaf- ter was devoted exclusively to work in the education of Negroes in Danville and Boyle county, where he became outstandingly beloved and respected among the citizenry. Tribute was paid to Prof. Bate's work and service by Dr. J. H. Biles, superintendent of the city schools system, who said the late principal of Bate high school made it "undoubtedly outstand- ing among schools anywhere." Invited in 1941 to New York City to tell the story of his life on the well-known radio pro- gram, '#We, the People," Prof. Bate lived to see his own story of the early life of Berea appear in the college magazine for Feb- ruary, 1941, under the title, "Flowers for the Living." 'In 1944, he was honored by his Alma Mater as "its oldest living graduate." He was awarded a certificate which read, in part, 'Ue treasured and practiced the finest teachings of the college." Survivors include the widow, Mrs. Lettie Bate; three sons, Clarence W. Bate, Danville; Dr. John W. Bate, Cleveland, Ohio, and Dr. Langston F. Bate, Wash- ington, D. C. and two daughters, 'Mrs. Helen B. Andrews, Cincin- nati, Ohio, and Mrs. Vivian B. Peeler, Greensboro, North Caro- lina. Burial was in Greenwood ceme- tery, Lexington. PLAN NOW TO ATTEND THE K. N. E. A. CONVENTION April 10-13, 1946, in Louisville 24 K. N. E. A. Honor Roll County or Independent District Adair Carter Lexington McCracken Madison Christian Bardstown Training Green County Union County Floyd County Pike County Bath Lincoln School Clay Superintendent John A. Jones H. H. McGuire W. T. Rowland Miles Meredith James B. Moore N. B. Hooks W. D. Chilton, Miss Lucile Guthrie T. V. Fortenberry Mrs. Hollie Hall C. H. Farley W. W. Roschi R. L. Dowery Wm. G. Conkwright The Domestic Life And Accident Insurance Co. STRENGTH- SERVICE - SECURITY 22 Years of Satisfactory Service OVER $2.000,000 PAID TO POLICYHOLDERS OVER 500,000 POLICYHOLDERS RESERVE OVER 200,000 SURPLUS TO POLICYHOLDERS Has Purchased $820,000 War Bonds All Claims Paid Promptly And Cheerfully Insure In THE DOMESTIC and Help Make Johb for Your Sos and Daughters ROME OFFICE - LOUISVILLE. 1KY. W. L. SANDERS, President R. D. TERRY, Secretary J. E. SMITH, Vice President and Agency Director CLARENCE YOUNG, Treasurer 25 I KULLINGS Mrs. Theda Van Lowe, princi- pal of Douglas School, Fayette County, announces the following faculty changes: Mrs. Anna D. Dalton is teaching first grade, and Mrs. Mamie Grimsley, music and social studies in the high school. Mr. W. F. Mudd, formerly of Jenkins, is now on the faculty *of the Jackson Street Junior High School, Louisville. Mr. G. W. Parks has accepted the position as principal of the high school at Jenkins, Kentucky. President H. C. Russell, West Kentucky Vocational Training School, and Mr. Sam Taylor, ;State Department of Education, -addressed the Lexington Asso- ciatioh of Teachers in Colored Schools in an educational con- ferenjce, held in Lexington on October 5. The theme was: "Edu- cation, a Sound Basis for Peace." Lunch was served at the Dunbar Trade School. "Providing Educational Op- portunities for All Youth in Our 'District" was the theme of the First District Association at its annual meeting held in Prince- ton, Kentucky, on October 12. Mr. Sam Taylor, Supervisor of Rural Education, was the guest speaker. Officers elected for 1945- 46 are: Mrs. Bettie C. Cox, Pa- ducah, president; Mr. L. B. Tins- ley, Murray, vice-president; Mrs. B. M. Schofield, Mayfield, sec- retary; Mrs. Allie D. Miles, Hick- man, assistant secretary; Mr. E. R. Hampton, Princeton, treasurer. Mrs. Lucy Harth Smith, K. N. E. A. president, led the general discussion at the Historian's Breakfast during the 30th An- nual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, held in Columbus, Ohio, October 26-28, 1,945. The Louisville Association of Teachers in Colored Schools, un- der the direction of Mrs. Eliza- beth Winstead Collins, president, held its first meeting of the year on Friday, November 16, at Cen- tral High School. The morning session featured a lecture by Dr. Carl G. Franzen, Professor of Edu- cation, Indiana University, on the subject, "Lending A Hand." In the afternoon, Dr. John W. Brooker, Director of Publicity of the Kentucky Education Associa- tion, was the principal speaker. He gave a graphic description of the educational conditions with- in the state, and outlined the ef- forts being made to improve them. Lunch, prepared in the cafete- ria of the school, was served be- tween sessions. Departmental meetings for the consideration of problems common to the respect- ive departments were an impor- tant feature of the day's program. Guests present who gave stimu- lating talks, were: Mr. Omer Car- michatel, superintendent, Louis- ville Public Schools, and Mr. Whitney M. Young, assistant sup- ervisor of Negro Education. Mr. William R. Cummings, re- cently principal of Pikeville High School, now teaches in the public schools of Dayton, Ohio. 26 'The Third District Education Association met in Franklin, Ken- tucky, on October 26, with Lin- coln High School as host. The theme was, "After the War, What?" One hundred members were enrolled, and the following officers were elected: E. B. Mc- Claskey, president; C. E. Nichols, vice-president; Mrs. Iola P. Mor- row, secretary; Miss Hettie B. Lewis, assistant secretary; Mrs. Blanche Elliott, treasurer. The next meeting will be held in Bowling Green, Kentucky, Octo- ber 27, 1946. The Third District Parent-Teacher Association met with the teachers in Franklin this year. Mr. A. F. Gibson, K. N. E. A. director and former principal of the Pineville High School, is now teaching in Detroit, and continu- ing his graduate study. Madisonville, Kentucky, fur- nished the setting, on October 12, for the Forty-seventh Annual Session of the Second District Education Association. Principal addresses were delivered by Dr. Bertram W. Doyle, dean, Louis- ville Municipal College, and Mr. Whitney M. Young, assistant sup- ervisor of Education. The theme was: ',Making Real Our State Educational Slogan-An Equal Educational Opportunity f or Every Kentucky Child." Sessions 'were presided over by Prof. H. B. Kirkwood, president. Mr. Blyden Jackson, formerly a teacher in the Madison Street Junior High School, Louisville, has accepted a position as assist- ant professor of English, at Fisk University. K.N.E.A. DATES: APRIL 10-13, 1946, IN LOUISVILLE Send Annual Dues NOW to the Secretary-Treasurer SECOND FLOOR CITIZENS BANK BUILDING Lexington, Knluc u Dear Friend: For many in the TEACHING PROFESSION the problem which presents itself upon returning to school after vacation, is how to make the first salary checks catch up with accumulated obligations. If this is your problem our WITHOUT SECURITY BY MAIL LOAN PLAN awaits you. It will help you overcome financial emergency as it has helped many in your profession. We will lend you any amount up to $300.00 on your signature without security-without endorsers-no wage assignments- no deductions or fees and we do not notify your friends or school executives. We suggest that you take advantage of our BY MAIL PLAN which guarantees complete privacy-the entire transaction is con- ducted in your home. Just fill in and mail the accompanying cou- pon-let us know how' much money you want. We will then send to you in a plain sealed envelope full. particulars and necessary papers. As an additional safeguard that thie entire transaction will be handled with strict privacy you will receive in a plain envelope a CASHIERWS CHfECK drawn on our local bank for the full amount of the loan. Cordially yours, Geo. C. Leach, President. P. S.: TO OUR MAiNY CUSTOMERS: If you want additional cash let us know how much. Our files contain all the necessary in- formation. We will welcome an opportunity to serve you again. I Kindly send me, IN A PLAIN ENVELOPE, your folder, "FACTS," also full details about your BY MAIL Loan Plan for Teachers. It is understood this inquiry will not obligate me in any manner and you will not notify my school executives, friends or relatives. Name .. Amt. wish to borrow $. If you owe us a bal. now & want extra cash, state amt. $........ Street or R. F. D. Address................................... City.. County. - I ____