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Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.2 n.3 Kentucky Negro Educational Association 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2003 kneav2n3 These pages may freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.2 n.3 Kentucky Negro Educational Association Kentucky Negro Educational Association Louisville, Kentucky March 1932 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Volume It March, 1932 Number 3 - _ - Convention Number - New Building at W. K. I. C. Recitation-Administration Building, West Kentucky Industrial College, Paducah, Ky., D. H. Anderson, President = This is the sixth of a series of school buildings recently con- structed for tColored Youth by various Kentucky Boards of - Education = " "An Equal Educational Opportunity for Everp Kentuckp Child" Louisville Municipal College ANNOUNCES A Summer Session FOR Teachers and College Students June 10th Full Credit to July 22nd Expenses Reasonable in Standard, Fully-Accredited "A" College Combine a Vacation With Study in Louisville For Further Information and for Bul- letin, Address THE DEAN i i The K. N. E, A. Journal Official Organ of the Kentucky Negro Educational Association Vol. II. Febrary-March, 1932 No 3 Published lby the Kentucky Negro Educational Association Editorial Office at 1925 W. Madison Street Louisville, Kentucky Atwood S. Wilson, Executive Secretary, Louisville; Managing Editor, D. H. Anderson, Paducah, President of K. N. E. A. Board of Directors J. L. Bean, Versailles W. S. Blanton, Frankfort S. L. Barker, Owensboro F. A. Taylor, Louisville Published Bimonthly during the school year: October, December, February and April PRICE 50 CENTS PER YEAR OR 15 CENTS PER COPY Membership in the K. N. E. A. (One Dollar) includes subseription to the Journal Rates for Advertising space mailed on request Present Circulation, 2,000 copies.. 1931 K. N. E. A. Membership, 1,328 CONTENTS Page Editorial Comments................; 2 Side-Lights on 1932 K. N. E. A. Program. 4 Announcements for 1932 Convention. 6 Quartet Contest Announcement. 8 Only Colored Principal in Chicago on Program. 9 Noted Cincinnati University Educator on Program .10 President of N. A. 'T. C. S. on Program .11 K. N. E. A. Honor Roll .13 K. N. E. A. Kullings............... 14 Teaching Techniques Featured K. N. E. A. Primary Dept ....... 15 Departments Announce Program Features....... 17 Edward Matthews, Baritone. Presented in Concert ....... 18 How Is The K. N. E. A. Dollar Used....... 19 Twelfth K. N. E. A. Exhibition Arranged....... 20 Phyllis Wheatley and George Washington....... 21 Sonnet to Negro Soldiers (By Jos. S. Cotter, Jr.) .............. 23 School Examinations (By J. V. Wendell-Williams) ....... 24 Approved List of Colleges for Negro Youth ....... 26 State P. T. A. Announcement....... 28 State Superintendent and Other Key Educators on Program ...... 29 N. E. A. Convention Echoes ................................ 30 The Lincoln Grant School at Covington .32 Editorial Comments THE NEW BUILDING AT W. K. I. C. On the outside cover of this Journal is found the picture of the recitation-administration building at our West Kentuvky Industrial College at Paducah. As a climax to long struggle, D. H. Anderson, President of the K. N. E. A. and President of this institution, has succeeded in having erected one of the outstanding buildings in Ken- tucky for colored youth. The building includes two stories and -a basement and is modern in every respect. It contains special offices for the president, dean, and registrar. There is also a large auditorium with talking picture equipment and stage scenery, the auditorium seating 800 persons. The building is used for both recitation and administration purposes. Special features include science laboratories and a lecture room, a reading room and stock room for library purposes, ten classrooms, and six special purpose rooms in addition to those already mentioned. Al- though the building is at present an all-purpose administration building, the program for expansion calls for separate library and science build- ings in the near future. * * * * * * * * ** HOMES DVRING CONVENTION Homes may be secured by writing in advance. Write as early as possible in order to get the best accomodations. Most teachers have stopping places but those who desire may secure homes through the K. N. E. A. office. Rates will be one dollar per night for sleeping, 35 cents for breakfast, and 40 cents for dinner. Make your arragements at the outset to avoid any misunderstanding. Cafeterias near our meet- ing will furnish meals at reasonable rates. ENROLL BY MAIL Principals and organizations are enrolling their teachers in groups All such 100 per cent advance enrollments are placed on the K. N. E. A. Honor Roll. This HonorRoll will be published in our various Ken- tucky weeklies, and a special record to be shown at the 1932 meeting. Certificates of Honor will be sent to all 100 per cent schools. A dollar tucky weeklies, and on a special record to be shown at the 1932 meeting Louisville or not. Do your part. Help maintain the K. N. E. A. RAILROAD CERTIFICATES Identification Certificates insuring reduced rates to the K. N. E. A. meeting in April may be obtained from the secretary. Secure certifi- cates early. None will be sent you unless you request same. Your 1932 membership card along with your certificate, is a guarantee of reduced rates. Do not wait. Enroll now. 2 SECTIONAL MEETINGS Each teacher should plan to visit a Departmental Meeting of the K. N. E. A. The first meeting will be on Thursday afternoon of the :. N. E. A. convention. The sectional meetings have been arranged in the afternoons for the convenience of all. Eight departments will have programs. On each program there will ibe one or more outstand- ing speakers. The K. N. E. A. is paying the speakers' expenses to Louisvile in order to make sectional meetings more attractive. Read the program of these departments and attend the one which you feel will benefit you in your work. For professional improvement attend a sectional program. * ** ** ** * * THE SPELLING BEE The Annual State Spelling Bee will 'be held on Friday morning of the K. N. E. A. meeting in the Elementary School Department. Twelve prizes will be awarded, the first four being prizes of $10.00, $5.00, $3.00, and $2.00, and the remainder being dictionaries. The Louisville Courier-Journal has agreed to donate ten dollars and eight dictionaries for prizes in the K. N. E. A. Spelling Bee. From all indications this will be the largest spelling bee in the history of the S. N. E. A. Local elimination contests have been held throughout the State and the winners will be in Louisville for the finals. MEETING PLACES The main sessions of the 1932 convention will be held at Quinn Chapel Churchl on Chestnut Street, between 9th and 10th. Sectional meetings will be held in the rooms of Central High Shool building at 9th and Chestnut Streets and the Western Branc'i Library, at 10th and Chestnut Streets. Exhibits will be on display in the gymnasium of the Central High School building. There will be three night sessions at Quinn Chapel Church and three other general sessions in the day, making a total of six general sessions. The Friday night program will be a musicale at Quinn Chapel for which there will 'be charged a small admission fee. The Saturday night program will be Twelfth Annual Physical Exhibition and will take place at the Jef- ferson County Armory at 6th and Walnut Streets. Louisville citizens are now preparing for the coming of the visit- ing teachers. Many social affairs are being arranged and a pleasant convention is anticipated. INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITS There will be no state-wide industrial and educational exhibits as heretofore. There will, however, be exhibits in the Central High School gymnasium in which will be displayed the work of the Junior and Senior Hig7: Schools of Louisville. The supervisors of industrial education in the Louisville public schools are making special plans to display exhibits that will be quite attractive to our visiting teachers. No prizes whatever will be given on any item as announced in the last Journal. All visitors are cordially invited to inspect the exhibits. 3 Side-lights on 1932 K. N. E. A. Program Wednesday, April 13, 1932 10:00 A. M. Registration Teachers, Headquarters at Quinn Chapel, Chestnut Street, Between Ninth and Tenth, Louisville, Kentucky. 10:30 A. M. Observation of the Louisville Pufblic School classes at work. 12:380 P. M. Visitation of Louisville Municipal College at Seventh and Kentucky Streets. 3:15 P. M. Principals' Conference-R. -D. Roman, chairman (at Quinn Chapel and open to all local and visiting teachers) .. .. .. .. .................. ......... 7:15 P. M. Music Hour of State Music Association, R. L. Carpenter, Directress. 8:15 P. M. Quinn Chapel, First General Session of 1932 Conven- tion. 8:25 P. M. Welcome Address-R. E. Clement, Ph. D., Dean of the Louisville~ Municipal College. 8:15 P. M. Response to Welcome-H. W. Sledd, Lincoln High School, Paducah, Ky. 8:45 P. M. Address, D. H. Anderson, President of K. N. E. A. 9:15 P. M. Address, Mrs. Maudelle B. Bousfield, Principal of Doug- las School, Chicago. Thursday, April 14, 1932 9:00 A. M. Opening of Second General Session, Quinn Chapel. 9:30 A. M. Report of Legislative Committee, S. L. Barker, Owens- boro, Kentucky. 10:00 A. M. Address: "Do the Public Schools Cost Too Much?"- Dr. W. A. Cook, Professor of Education, University of Cincinnati. 11:00 A. M. Nomination of K. N. E. A. Officers. 11:15 A. M. Report of Committees, New Business, Etc. 11:45 A. M. Special Talking Pictures. Free to K. N. E. A. nmem- bers wearing badges. 2:30 P. M. Sectional Meetings of various departments at Quinn Chapel, Central High School, Y. M. C. A., and Western Branch Library. 7:15 P. M. Music Hour: Quartet Contest for State High Schools, R. L. Carpenter, Directress. 8:15 P. M. Opening of Third General Session of K. N. E. A. 8:30 P. M. Address: Dr. Mordecai Johnson, President of Howard University, Washington, D. C. (Tentative) 9:30 P. M. Awarding of K. N. B. A. District Enrollment Trophy, A. S. Wilson, Secretary of K. N. E A. Friday, April 15, 1932 8:30 A, M. Sectional meetings continued from Thursday afternoon. 4 9:00 A. M. Inter-Racial meeting of State Educators, Auspices of High School and College department 10:30 A. M. State Spelling Contest-Auspices of the Elementary School department, Mrs. L. H. Smith, Chairman. 2:15 P. M. Opening of Fourth General Session at Quinn Chapel. 2:30 P. M. Address: J. H. Richmond, State Superintendent of In- struction in Kentucky. 3:30 P. M. Address: H. 'Councill Trenholm, President of N. A. T. C. S. 8:00 P. M. K. N. E. A. Musicale, featuring Edward Matthews, baritone& of Fisk University, Radio Artist on C. B. S. Saturday, April 16, 1932 9:00 A. M. Opening of last General Session at Quinn Chapel. 9:15 A. M. Memorial Service for Deceased Educators-Rev. J. Frances Wilson, Maceo, Kentucky. 10:00 A. Me Report of Special K. N. E. A. Committees and directors of departments. 11:00 A. M. Annual Report of Secretay-Treasurer. 11:15 A. M. Final Business of the Convention. 7:00 P. M. Twelfth Annual Exhibition at Armory. 7:10 P. M. Music by Louisville Post Office Band. 7:30 P. M. Jos. S. Cotter Walking Contest-Pupils of the Louisville Public Schools. 8:30 P. M. Musical Pageant featuring the BibCentennial of George Washington-Pupils of Louisville Schools. 10:00 P. M. Social Hour for Friends and Visiting Teachers. 12:00 P. M. Final Adjournment of the 56th Session of the K. N. E. A. * * * * * * * * * * DEPARTMENTAL MEETINGS OF K. N. E. A. Thursday, April 14, at 2:30 P. M., and Friday, April 15, at 8:30 A. M. Department Place Athletic .. ................... Chestnut Street Y. M. C. A. Commercial ..................... Room 203, Central High School Elementary School.................... Quinn Chapel Foreign Language ................ Room 201, Central High School High School and College ....... Sunday School Room of Quinn Chapel Industrial Arts ................... Room 104, Central High School Music................... Central High School Chapel Primary..... ... Western Branch Library Principals' Conference........ ..... .. Quinn Chapel Rural .... Room 202, Central High School 5 Announcements for 1932 Convention The general sessions of the K.N.E.A. will be held at Quinn Chapel, Chestnut Street, between Ninth and Tenth streets, in Lou- isville, Ky. Persons who know of deceased members of the K. N. E. A. are requested to send the names of them to Rev. J. Francis Wilson, Maceo, Ky., who is plan- ning a memorial service for them at the next K. N. E. A. conven- tion. The Louisville schools will havy exhibits on display at Central High School gymnasium. No prizes are to be awarded this year. Send the names of the spelling contestant for your county as soon as possible. The list of words sent out should be headed, "Suggested Words." Word will be given out in the final contest in the order printed. Omit the words "cocoanut" and "sympa- tize" and few other misspelled words from the list. Each Louisville school may have four entries, boys or girls, for the walking contest at the Louis- ville Armory on Saturday night. One of the best features of the Thursday night program of the K. N. E. A. will be music to be furnished by the glee club of the Kentucky State Industrial Col- lege under the direction of Miss Wheatley. Other organizations that have agreed to furnish mu- sic numbers on the K. N. E. A. program consists of Madison and Jackson Junior High Schools, of Louisville, a chorus consisting of pupils of the Jefferson County schools, the Central High School glee club, the Louisville Normal School glee club, Louisville Muni- cipal College, the Fisk Alumni quartet, Lincoln Institute glee club, the Jefferson County Chil- dren's Home cho~rus, Ken'ucky School for the Blind band, and the State Music Teachers Asso- ciation. An admission fee will be charg- ed to all for the K. N. E. A. musi- night, April 15. The artist on the program is quite expensive. K. N. E. A. members will be admit- ted for 25 cents, others for 35 cents. This is the lowest figure we can now announce. The price might have to be more. Each department head should send his program to the K. N. E. A. secretary before March 19, since the program will go to press on that date. Send the K. N. E. A. secretary your dollar whether you attend the Louisville convention or not. By all means be a member of the K. N. E. A., the greatest protec- tor of Kentucky Colored teachers. A talking picture will be pre- sented to the enrolled members of the K. N. E.* A. on Thursday morii- ing, April 14, at 11:30 a. m. at the Palace theater. This picture is given at the expense of the K. N. E. A. treasury and is free to teachers who wear badges. It is 6 hoped that our visiting teachers as well as our local teachers will take advantage of this entertain- nent offered by the K. N. E. A. It is expected that at least 5,- 000 patrons will attend the Arm- ory on Saturday night. Every teacher should plan to be present to meet his friends to spend a pleasant evening. The Primary Department will hold its sectional meeting at the Western Branch Library at Tenth and Chestnut streets. Advance sale of tickets to the Armory will be 30c, if purchased before Friday, April 15. The State Parent-Teacher As- sociation is to meet in Louisville at the Western Branch Library, Monday and Tuesday, April 11. and 12, 1932. Mrs. Essie D. Mack, the president, is planning a very splendid program and de- sires every P.-T. A. in Kentucky to send delegates. Teachers are urged to write the Secretary as soon as possible if they desire him to secure them stopping places while in Louis- ville to attend the April meeting. Teachers who desire lunches at reasonable rates during the K. N. E. A. convention may secure same at Quinn Chapel, Bright's Pharmacy, Page's Confectionery, and White's Pharmacy. National Negro Health Week will ibe April 3 to 10, 1932. Ken- tucky teachers are urged to plan health programs throughout the week and cooperate to improve our general health situation. At the meeting of the K. N. E. A. in April, there will be an or- ganization of Romance Language and French teachers. The organ- ization meeting is to be held on Thursday, April 14, at 2:30 Sp. m. in room 201 at the Central High School building. The Cercle Francais of Louisville is sponsor- ing this organization meeting. They extend to all teachers of Latin, French or Spanish, as well as students of these languages, a cordial invitation to be present at the conferences to be arranged during the K. N. E. A. An an- nouncement of the discussions will appear in the official program of the K. N. E. A. Prof. A. 'v. Ramsey and Miss Augusta Eman- uel will appear on this 1prograim. One of the best addresses of our program will be that of Dr. W. A. Cook, of the University of Cincinnati, on the Thursday morning program. Miss Eva Mitchell of Hampton Institute has been engaged to give demonstrations in the Elementary School Department during the K. N. E. A. convention. "Should you desire to receive a large United States map, and a full set of state maps, together with illustrated descriptive litera- ture in connection with your trip to our Convention, you can get this service without cost by mere- ly asking at any Conoco Service Station, or by writing direct to the Conoco Travel Bureau, Con- tinental Oil Building, Denver, Colorado." 7 Quartet Contest Announcement Thursday, April 14, 1932, 7:00 o clock P. M., Louisville, Kentucky We are extending an invitat- tion to the High Schools of Ken- tucky to send a male quartet to participate in a contest at the Music Hour Thursday, April 14. We believe that the preparation for this occasion, the social con- tact, and the friendly rivalry will do much to strengthen the music appreciation of boys in the high school, as well as encourage a democratic spirit which necessar- ily comes from group work. We hope that the principals will cooperate with us in this new movement of the K. N. E. A., that it may be a real success. The following information will aid participants: Rules of Music Contest 1. Each quartet shall sing the test number ("Sylvia' ) and a number of its own choice. 2. The test number, "Sylvia," by Speaks, may be purchased from the Educational Music Bureau, 434 So. Wabash Ave., Chicago, Ill. Catalog number-SG6890, price 15 cents. 3. Each school participating in the contest shall pay expenses of quartet attending K. N. E. A. 4. A trophy will be given to the winning quartet by the K. N. E A.; a second prize will be giv- en if the number of entries jus- tifies same. 5. The judges will (be koutstand,' ing musicians of the state not connected with any iParticipating school. For further information write R. Lillian Carpenter, Director of Music Department of K. N. E. A., 422 So. 28th Street, Louisville, Ky Points of Judication Contest for Quartet L Accuracy a. Notes 1b. Time value c. Intonation II. Tone a. Quality b. Quantity c. Control d. Blending e. Balance III. Diction a. Naturalness b. Clearness of Diction c. Purity of vowels d. Consonants IV. Rhythm a. Steadiness b. Freedom c. Tempo V. Phrasing a. Content b. Melodic Line c. Attack d. Release VI. Interpretation a. Expression Marks lb. Contrast c. Individuality d. Stage Deportment e. Understanding of Compo- sition f. General Effect. 8 Only Colored Principal In Chicago On Program Wednesday Night Speaker Maudelle B. Bousfield, Principal Stephen A. Douglas School, Chicago, Illinois The K. N. E. A. is fortunate in securing as pne of the main speakers on the 1932 program, an outstanding educator of our race in the person of Mrs. Maudelle B. Bousfield, who is one of the lead- ers in Chicago education. Mrs. Bousfield was born and reared in St. Louis and received her Bache- lor of Arts degree from the Uni- versity of Illinois. She was at first a teacher of Mathematics in East St. Louis, later a teacher in St. Louis, Mo. She was then called to teach in Baltimore, Md., and from that system, came to the Chicago system, where she was made dean of girls in the Wendell Phillips High School. in 1926. In 1928, Mrs. Bousfield was assigned to the principalship of the Keith Elementary School in Chicago. She is the first and only colored principal in Chicago. Recently, Mrs. Bousfield was awarded Master of Arts degree in Education at the University of Chicago and transferred, as prin- cipal, to Stephen A. Douglas School, one of the largest ele- mentary schools in Chicago. The school has a mixed faculty and a mixed student body. Mrs. Bousfield is a former Su- preme Basileus of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, an organi- zation with chapters all over the United States. She spent one summer in Southern and Western Europe and Northern Africa; an- other summer in Scandinavia, vis- iting the schools in Norway and Denmark. No member of the K. N. E. A. should fail to hear this outstand- ing speaker. She is to be intro- duced on the occasion of her ad- dress by Miss Maude Brown of Louisville. Miss Brown is thl present Supreme Basileus of thie Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority. The southern headquarters of the Rosenwald Fund at Nashville, Tenn., was quite enthusiastic in its praise of the recent K. N. E. A. Journal, which contained a Rosenwald School Day program and a tribute to the late Julius Rosenwald. They requested that copies be sent to every member of their board of directors. 9 Noted Cincinnati University Educator On Program Thursday, April 14, Speaker plan to be at these lectures ibv Dr (Cook. Dr. W. A. Cook. Professor of Education, University of Cincinnati The K. N. E. A. is fortunate in having secured as the major speaker on the Thursday morning program during the 1932 session, Dr. William A. Cook, Professor of Education at the Universitv of Cincinnati. He will address the main assembly at Quinn Chapel at the Second General Session and one of the delpartments of the K. N. E. A. during the sectional meetings on Thursday afternoon. The subject of the morning lec- ture will be, "Do the Public Schools Cost Too Much." In the afternoon he will make an address on the subject, "The First, Last, and Greatest of Schoolroom Prob- lems." All of our teachers should Dr. Cook was born in 1881 and Aducated in the common and high schools of Illinois and graduated from the University of Illinois in 1902. After several' years in public school administrative work he returned to school, taking ad- vanced degrees from Illinois and Wisconsin. He later served as High School Visitor for the TUniversity of Colorado, Professor of Education at the University of South Dakota, and since 1926 as Professor of Education at the University of Cincinunaji His |chief field work is school adminis- txation and in this field he has written three books: "High School Administration," "Federal and4 State School Administration" ant1 "High School Teaching." Dr. Cook has been a major speaker on a number of educa- tional association programs, hav- ing appeared before state teach- ers associations in California. Col- orado, Wyoming, Nebraska, North Dakota Minnesota, Iowa, Illinois, Pennsylvania and Florida. He has also made numerous addresses at city institutes, county insti- tutes, and high school commenc,- ments. Because of this background of experience, no member of oua teaching staff in Kentucky should fail to be on hand to hear Dr. Cook and be benefitted by the in- formation and suggestions that he will bring us to better carry on our schoolroom work and to help us solve some of the prob- lems that confront us daily. 10 President of N. A. T. C S. on Program Thursday Night Speaker H. Councill Trenholm, President of N. A. T. C. S. Born July 16, 1900, at Tus- cumbia, Ala. Formal education at Trenholm High School (Tuscumbia), More- house College (A. B., 1920) and the University of Chicago (Ph. B. in Ed., with special honors, 1921, A. M., 1925). Attended six-week S. A. T. C. course at Howard University, 1918, and served as First Sergeant in More- house College unit during Fall of 1918. Teacher and Special Assistant to President at State Normal School at Montgomery (oldest state-supported institution in the United States devoted wholly t.) the training of Negro teachers) and president since 1926. Treasurer of Alabama Sta se Teachers Association, 1926-29, and now president (elected in April, 1931). Life member of N. A. T. C. S. Chairman of Division of High School Education N. A. T. C. S. 1926-31. Elected president at Washington, in July, 1931. Editor of 1931 Yearbook oat Negro Education in Alabama, published by the State Teachers Association. Editor of numerous research studies in Alabama dur- ing past seven years. Life member of N. E. A. and active member of Department of Sup erintendence. State Director of Oratorical Contests for Elks. Member of Alabama Inter-Rat- cial Commission and recently chosen member of Southern Inter- Racial Commission. Trustee of Selma Univesity-,. Baptist Denomination. President of Delvers Literary Club of Montgomery. Chairman of Executive Com- mittee, Negro Division of State Fair of Alabama. Chairman of Negro Executive Committee, Mont- gomery Chapter of Red Cross. 33rd Degree Mason. Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. During the administration of President Trenholm at the State Teachers College, the institution has become a four-year teachers college granting degrees, has in- creased in gross annual student 11 enrollment from 2,958 to 5,003, has maintained for five years the largest summer school (2,1-26 in 1931) for Negro teachers in the United States, has experienced a physical developmental program including the acquisition of 32 adjoining acres of land and the erection of two very modern buildings at a cost of $217,00'0, 'has made commendable internal progress' as a standard teacher- training institution and has lpar- ticipated very actively in all the professional efforts of both state and national organizations. A Message From President Trenholm The National Association of Teachers in Colored Schools fe- licitates its potential constituency of 50,000 teachers of Negro chil- dren at this beginning of the 1931-32 school session. The current period -is one of trial for our educational interests almost everywhere. A vast ma- jority of the schools for Negro children throughout the nation are experiencing some curtail- ment as a result of the general economic conditions of this coun- try and of the entire world. Sev- eral states with their large num- ber of Negro pupils and teachers are in a rather critical and almost desperate condition. Quite a number of worthy- applicants for active membership in the teaching profession have been denied the opportunity for work this year because of the lack of openings. Teachers and children alike faco and experience this period of stress. However, it is for the teacher to remain the buoyant enthusias- tic leader of our schools which are the hope of our civilization. It is for the teacher to realize that those children in school this year have no responsibility for the conditions of the fear and are eagerly appealing to us for help since their "chance at formal schooling" comes at this time. It is for'the teacher to resolve to do' an outstanding job for our chil- dren of 1930-31 and to determine through excellent service to justi- fy his or her employment as a teacher in preference to those many other applicants who are without teaching positions this year. It is for the teacher to continue to serve nobly and neither to desert the ranks nor to lessen her enthusiasm and effi- ciency because of the trials of our times. A better day must be in store for our interests and our schools. The National Association of Teachers in Colored Schools is striving to' serve in a bigger and better manner in 1931-32. At- tention to some professional as- pects of our status as teachers is to be a particular emphasis of the year. Several research !.projects centering about some vital cur- rent aspects of our teacher status and the effect of the present eco- nomic conditions on Negro Educa- tion are in process of formulation. A closer professional articulation with our state associations and some further consideration of the technique of associational efforts are being anticipated. 12 K. N. E. A. Honor Roll (One Hundred Per Cent Eenrollment Units to, March 10, 1932) City Schools Glasgow Training School New Liberty Elizabethtown Stanford Greenville Oliver High .Beaver Dam Elkton Mayfield Middlesboro Franklin Shelbyville Dunbar City Nor-nal Madison Junior High West Kentucky Industrial College Kentucky State Industrial College County Christian Spencer Bracken Hardin Simpson Union Adair Wayne Pulaski Mason Washington Lyon McLean Jessamine Nicholas Ohio Barren Scott Principal W. I. Robinson Mrs. Daisy Hutchinson R. L. Dowery Wm. D. Tardif C. L. Timberlake E. E. Reed W. C. Jackson J. W. Waddell J. Bryant Cooper W. L.. Shobe T..C. B. Williams R. D. Roman Louisville Schools Mrs. Ellen L. Taylor Mrs. Ellen L. Taylor A. S. Wilson . State Institutions D. H. Anderson R. B. Atwood Organizer Supt. H. W. Peters Supt. G. Louis Hume Supt. H. F. Monahon Supt. T. M. Lewis Supt. Erle N. Duff Supt W. 0. Wright Supt. N~oah Loy Prof. Wm. C. Didlick Supt. James H. Holt Mrs. L. F. Bowen Supt. J. F. McWhorter Supt. N. G. Martin Prof. F. A. Smith Supt. J. C. Burnette Miss C. D. Murray Prof. W. C. Jackson Supt. W. M. Toddy Supt. A. M. Shelton 13 K. N. E. A. KULLINGS Prof. W. B. Matthews, princi- pal of Central Colored High School, Louisville, Ky., was re- cently awarded the "Silver Beav- er" for outstanding service in the Boy Scout program among the colored boys of Louisville. This was the first award made to a col- ored citizen anywhere in the United States. The secretary of Mr. Lessing J. Rosenwald, expressed apprecia- tion to ine K. N. E. A. for its recent publication regarding the late Julius Rosenwald, and his service to Negro education. The Dunbar School of Lexing- ton, Ky., has been given a class "A" rating by the Southern Asso- ciation of College and Secondary Schools. This was the only schooJ in Kentucky given such a high rating. It is thought, however, the Central High School at Lou- isville will receive this rating when the situation is investigated. The same organization gave the Kentucky State Industrial Col- lege at Frankfort a class "B" rating for a standard four-year college Very soon the new Lincoln- Grant School at Covingtoo. Ky.. will be open for colored youth in that city. Prof. H. R. Merry, one of the loyal members of the K. N. E. A., is to be principal of the new school. The school is to con- tain many new and up-to-date features of modern buildings The following article appeared in the Music Supervisors Journal October, 1931-same being con- tributed by Mr. Will Earhart. Di- rector of Music, Pittsburgh utb- lic schools: (1) I WILL PRAY. (2) 1 COUDN'T HEAR NOBODY PRAY. Notated by R. Lillian Carpenter (M. Witmark and Sons) These two octave choruses for treble voices, a cappella, are quite out of the ordinary. Particularly do I regard the second one 11am- ed as a rare find in the thick- growing forest of Negro spiri- tuals. Reason for the unusual charac- ter of these pieces is that their harmonies are the improvisation, the extemperaneous and undirect- ed singing, of the girls' chorus of the Colored Normal School, Lou- isville, Ky. Miss Carpenter, di- rector of the chorus, merely no- tated them as sung. One glance by the musician will be sufficient evidence of this fact; for the har- monizations are of an utterly ir- regular character that no music teacher would dare to put forth; but the result is a wonder of ap- pealing and searching effects. Both should be widely used, for in merit they stand at the head of the list of Negro spirituals now available, but beyond this, "I Couldn't Hear Nobody Pray" should become a classic above any spiritual I know. In it a race cries to us-and is not merely in- terpreted. And the language is universal, and any and all audi- ences will understand and sway 4o the messag&e. 14 Teaching Techniques Featured In K. N. E. A. Primary Department By Mrs. Blanche G. Elliott, Ch4rman Supervisor of Muhlenberg County Schools In recent years, leading edu- cators have come to realize that the primary department of the school.'is more than an insignifi- cant beginning of a school, but rather it is where the foundation for all vocations in life is laid. In regard to this department, the old adage, "a good beginning makes a good ending," proves true. Hence, for the past four years this feature of the X. N. E. A. program has demanded recognition because of its most significant imiori.ance. The primary department has beer. of the greatest service to the primary teachers of Ken- tucky, more so than any other organization in the state. Unfor- tunately, our state colleges do not maintain modern practice schools; so in a mediocre way the primary department seeks to supply a por- tion of this need, lby having the primary teachers to observe ex- pert demonstration teaching and placing at their services the most .nodern devices and methods, During the past four years, our main topic for study and discus- sion has been, "The Teaching of Reading." According to authenic reports, we can now find some expert teaching being done in the most remote districts of our state. These teachers give the primary department of the K. N. E. A. the credit for their success. We lack words to express our gratitude to the principals and teachers of the following schools of Louisville: Normal Phyllis Wheatley, Bannecker, and West- ern. These schools have been potent factors in making better primary teachers for Kentucky. Last year the above named schools provided actual demon- stration teaching with pupils in. the fields of: reading, music, health, and moral education. We also had the full co-operation of the supervisors of* both elemen- tary and industrial education for the Louisville schools. Aside from this, we are grate- ful to those open-minded, wide- awake primary teachers of the rural schools and other towns who brought to our department devices and methods which they had used successfully in their classrooms and were broad enough to demonstrate 'hem for the bene- fit of others. "Servinz Others" is the slogan of the primary de- partment. After several conferences with supervisors from various states. we agreed that teachers are de- pending entirely too much on a mere text book to get results in teaching. The text book usually contains a lot of piled-up isolated facts from which children receive little or no pleasure in studying. The text book alone does not sup- ply the pupil with sufficient ma- terial to visualize the subject to be taught. Every line of work in the com- mon schools depends upon true and vivid picturing. This is esne- cially true of the primary 'grades. 15 Most failures in teaching are due to lack of ability, natural or ac- quired, to create clear pictures corresponding to the language used. Hence,. we concede that visual instruction is the quick, intensive way of presenting the truth ef- feetively. It gets results. With this in mind, we have se- lected for our major topic for 1932: "Visual Aids, the Best Method of Instruction." Another finding is: that we should like to see more interest in the teaching of geography, his- tory, and nature study in the primary grades. These studies are closely related to the reading in- terest study and to this end, we plan to make this an -interesting feature for those who attend the program of this primary depart- ment this year. We are again asking the 'co-op- eration of the Louisville schools in providing visual -material (prefer- ably, non-commercial) that they have used* in their classrooms for teaching any subjects; to be ob- served by those who attend our department. Likewise, we are asking any primary teachers of Kentucky to bring and exhibit an; visual material she deems worth- while in teaching, preferably ma- terial for the teaching or geo- graphy, history tand nature study. Note: Teachers will have to furnish themselves with materials for placing work on exhibit, viz., tacks, string or wire, paper clips, pins, hamnner, 'etc. * * * * * * * * -* WANTED! A teacher who can find things to be done without, the help of the superintendent, the principal, and three supervisors. A teacher who gets to school on time in the morning and who does not push the children out of the door in an attempt to reach home by three minutes after four o'clock in the evening. A teacher who is neat in appearance and who does not sulk be- cause of an hour's overtime in emergencies. A teacher who listens carefully when spoken to and asks only enough questions to insure the accurate carrying out of instructions. A teacher who moves quickly and makes as little noise about it as Possible. A teacher who looks you straight in the eye and tells the truth every time. A teacher who does not pity herself for having to work. A teacher who is cheerful, courteous to everyone and deter- mined to "make good." A teacher who, when she does not know says: "I do not know, but I will try to find out." -Bulletin Department of Education of Missouri 16 Departments Announce Program Features HIGH SCHOOL AND COLLEGE SECTION ANNOUNCES PROGRAM In charge of the High School and College Section this year is President R. B. Atwood, of Ken- tucky State Industrial College, Frankfort, who reports that ef- forts are being made to bring to this section some of the out- standing educators and leaders of the country. Tentative outline of the pro- gram,. as furnished by Presi- dent Atwood, calls for one day of discussions of Standardization and the many problems associated therewith; Mr. Fred McCuistion, Executive Agent of the Southern Association of Colleges and Sec- ondary Schools, has been invited to speak on this topic. Another day will be devoted to the gen- eral subject of Vocationalization of the High School and College Curriculum, and to lead this dis- cussion has been invited Mr. J. A. Thomas, Executive Secretary of the Loumaville Urban League. It is also quite likely that an out- standing professor of education, probably Prof. M. E. Ligon, of the University of Kentucky, will appear on program; and some representative of the State De- partment of Education will dis- cuss and explain the features of the recent law providing for the Kentucky Educational Commis- sion and the study which it plans to make during the next two years. A program both interesting and useful seem to await those who will attend this section. * * * * * * * * e SPECIAL SPEAKERS SECURED FOR ELEMENTARY EDUCA- TION DEPARTMENT Mrs. L. H. Smith of Lexington, Kentucky, head of the elementary educational department of the K. N. E. A. has arranged an unusual type of program for the 1932 conference. This program should a t t r a c t elementary Louisville teachers and teachers out in the State. Dr. W. A. Cook will speak on the Thursday afternoon program in this department on the subject of "THE FIRST, LAST AND GREATEST OF SCHOOL PROB- LEMS." The theme of his talk will he that of discipline. This is a problem which each teacher must confront, and is certainly a topic that should meet with ap- provall among the teachers. On this same program, Miss Eva Mitchell will appeur with a dem- onstration in elementary educa- tion. She will also appear on the Friday morning program in this department. Miss Mitchell has already received an M. A. in Elementary Education 'at Colum- bia University and is well-fitted to give such a demonstration. By all means elementary teachers should plan to be present for the very high-type numbers that have been mentioned. The program of this department will he held in the main auditorium of Quinn Chapel. 17 Edward Matthews, Baritone, Presented In Concert On Friday night, April 15, the evening General Session of the K. N. E. A., at Quinn Chapel, will consist of a musical program ar- ranged by R. L. Carpenter, di- restress of music in the K. N. E. A. This program will be out the ordinary and will feature Ed- ward Matthews, baritone, of Fisk University. There will also appear on the same program the Plymouth Sing- ers, directed by Miss Nannie G. Board, which singers include Lou- isville's Outstanding music talent and also the' Fisk Alumni Quartet. In the latter group are: Mr. H. W. O'Bannon, a teacher on the Madison Junior High School facul- ty, who formerly was a member of the major quartet of Fisk Uni- versity; Mr. Carl Barbour, a teacher on the Central High School faculty, *who was also a member of the major quartet of Fisk University: Mr. T. J. Long of the Central High School facul- ty, who was a member of a stu- dent quartet while at Fisk Uni- versity; and Dr. C. L. Thomas, who sang at Fisk University and later in the quartet of Meharry Medical College. The two first mentioned members of t h i s quartet have sung before King George of England [and appeared extensively in fourteen foreign countries while the latter two members have made *appearance at various places in the United States. This will be the initial appearance of this quartet and those who witness their numbers Will getsa rare musical treat. For the guest artist of the eve- ning program, Edward Matthews, baritone of Fisk University, has been secured to render a short program consisting of classics and Negro spirituals. Recently Mr. Matthews has received outstand- ing recognition through his iap- pearances on the Sunday evening programs of Fisk University over the Columbia Broadoasting sys- tem. 'Mr. Matthews is a graduate of the Fisk School of Music and was later trained in the Hubbard Studios in Boston. He has trav- eled extensively with the Fisk Singers in Europe. Following his return from Europe, Mr. Mat- thews received further training and attracted attention of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Mr. Roland Hayes later presented him in New York City in a debut con- cert which proved to be the out- standing recital of the city. Mr. Mathews is at present director of Negro music at Fisk University. There have been many favor- able press comments regarding his recitals, one of which was presented in the Boston Herald on February 25, 1931 and which follows:* 'Mr. Matthews indeed has a voice of enviable possibilities. It is ample in power rich in quali- ties and convenient in range, In the first numbers, "Lasciatemi morire," the singer made a pleas- ing impression-his phrasing was artistic, his gentle tones free- flowing. In the phrases of "Es traumte mir" he showed a deli- 18 cate musical sense and a fine ap- preciation of tonal beauty." Because of the expenses at- tached to the bringing of this artist, there will be an admission fee charged for this program, the fee being reduced to 25c for K. N. E. A. members but the regular fee for others. There will be also reserved seats for some invited guests who desire to hear Mr. Matthews. The K. N. E. A. feels that it has made a distinct contribution to. Kentucky educators in arrang- ing such a high-class program as is to be presented on the evening of April 15 in Louisville, Ken- tucky; HOW IS THE K. N. E. A. DOLLAR USED? This is a so called time of de- pression and in seeking to econo- mize we often eliminate the wrong item. Let us therefore be careful to set aside the K. N. E. A. dollar as the one investment which continues to bring the largest return. President Hoover has issued a national warning that we are .not to curtail our educa- tional program. For one dollar per year. less than one cent per day, a colored teacher may be listed as a meni- ber of an organization working in the interest of colored youth. The same dollar pays for a sub- scription to the K. N. E. A. Journal, the only publication it. Kentucky which gives the colored teacher in Kentucky unlimites freedom in expressing himself and opportunity for mentioning the class room problems of our schools. The same dollar aids in the presentation of an annual pro- gram in which prominent educa- tors of national importance are brought to Louisville to addr3ss our teachers on the new trends pertaining to education and to the teaching profession. The same dollar helps to give prizes to our spelling contestants, to aid in the display of industrial exhibits. to help maintain a legislative pro- gram for the interest of our teach- ers, and to help in part with the K. N. E. A. Scholarship Fund. Records of the K. N. E. A. income reveal that the salary paid the K. N. E. A. secretary is more than paid in by activities, adver- tisements and 'sources other than enrollment fees. Realizing the wise use of the K. N. E. A. dollar and the accurate report made annually concerning its use, no teacher in Kentucky should fail to enroll for 1932. By all means send in the K. N. E. A. dollar. It is a professional obli- gation. ENROLL NOW! send ONE DOLLAR - to - A. S. WILSON, Secretary of K. N. E. A. 1925 W. Madison Street LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY Coniention, April 13-16, 1932 19 Twelfth K. N. E. A. Exhibition Arranged On Saturday night, April 16, the K. N. E. A. will feature its Twelfth Annual Exhibition at the Louisville Armory. There will be three parts to the program. Part one of the program will be a Walking Contest in which pupils in the Louisville schools will par- ticipate, various schools having four entries for this event. Twenty-five dollars in prizes has been offered by Prof. J. S. Cot- ter, principal of the S. Coleridge Taylor School in Louisville. The fastest walkers in a one-half mile final will be awarded the prizes. Preliminary elimination trials will be one-fourth of a mile. This is a new type of physical contest and should create a deal of interest among the Lpui'sville boys and girls. Part two of the program will begin at 8:30 P M. and consist of a musical Pageant featuring t h e BibCentennial of George Washington. The pageant will be be titled, "Romantic George Washington." The public life and military career of George Wash- ington have been well established in the minds of the American peo- ple but not much has been em- phasized -concerning his social life. This pageant seek- mainly to emphasize the romantic events in the life of Washington in con- nection with his military and puib- lic career. The prologue will be "America on Parade," in which the various participants in the pageant will pass in review to the tune of patriotic airs. Episode One will present him in a spelling match and feature his school days. Episode Two will portray Wash- ington as a surveyor and feature his meetings with the Indians and some of his favorite pastimes with them. Episode Three will show Washington as a soldier. He will be shown at the head of his army and to the tune of the drum and bugle corps will watch his soldiers pass in review. Episode Four will feature the mnarriagke of George Washington. Following the wedding he will Abe entertained by the guests, who engage in the dances familiar to colonial days. Episode Five will present Wash- ington as the father of his coun- try. Other nations of the world will honor him in song and dance. The pageant will close with the "National N e g r o Anthem," "Mount Vernon B e 1 1 s" and "Taps." At the close of the pageant there will be two social hours. - Per- due's Pirates, Louisville"s largest orchestra, will entertain with dance music. This annual event of the K. N. E. A. will continue to draw the largest crowd of any gathering among colored people during the year. Everyone should plan to be present. From 7 P. M. to 12 P. M. all are invited to be at the Armory for a pleasant evening with the K. N. E. A. There are 18 principals, 236 teachers, two visiting teachers, two librarians, and five clerks in the colored public schools of Lou- isville, a total of 263 employes excluding substitue teachers, lunch room employes, janitors and maids. The latter group- in- cludes about one hundred addi- tional employees. 0 Phyllis Wheatley and George Washington On the eve of the anniversary of George Washington's birthday, we are reminded of a Negro! girl, born in Africa, brought to this country when ishe was seven or eight years old, became a slave and developed into a great poetess-Phyllis Wheatley. She seemed to acquire knowledge intuitively. She became a great poetess and numbered among her correspondents, Countess of Hunt- ington, Earl of Dartsmouth, Major General Charles Lee, and George Washington. So impressed was Washington with her writings, he invited her to visit him at Cambridge. We reprint below her letter to Washington and her poem to him as well as his reply: Providence, October 16, 1775. Sir: I have taken the freedom to address your Excellency in the en- ,closed poem, and entreat your acceptance, though I am not ensensible of its inaccuracies. Your being appointed by the Grand Continental Congress to be Generalissimo of the Armies of North America, together with the fame of your virtues, excite sensations not easy to suppress. Your generosity, therefore, I presume, will pardon the attempt. Wishing your Excellency all possible success in the great cause you are so generously engaged in, I am, Your Excellency's most obedient and humble servant, PHYLLIS WHEATLEY. THE POEM Celestial choir! enthron'd in realms of light, Columbia's scenes of glorious toils I write. While freedom's cause her anxious breast alarms, She flashes dreadful in refulgent arms. See mother earth her offspring's fate (bemoan, And nations gaze at scenes before unknown See the bright beams of heaven's revolving light Involved in sorrows and the veill of night The goddess comes, she moves divinely fair, Olive and laurel binds her golden hair: Wherever shines this native of the skies, Unnumbered charms and recent graces rise. Muse! bow propitious while my pen relates Fow pour her armies through a thousand gates; As when Eolus heaven's fair face deforms, Enrapped in tempest and a night of storms; Astonish'd ocean feels the wild uproar, The refluent surges beat the sounding shore, Or thick as leaves in Autumn's golden reign, Such, and so many, moves the warrior's train. In bright array they seek the work of war, 21 Where high unfurl'd the ensign waves in air. Shall I to Washington their praise recite? Enough thou know'st them in fields of flight, Thee, first in place and honours,-we demand The grace and glory of thy martial band. Famed for thy valour, for thy virtues more Here every tongue thy guardian aid implore! One century scarce performed its destined round, When Gallic powers Columbia's fury found. And so may you, whoever dares disgrace The land of freedom' heaven-defended race Fix'd are the eyes of nations on the scales, For in their hopes Columbia's arm prevails. Anon Britannia droops the pensive head, While round increase the -rising hills of dead. Oh! cruel blindness to Colunbia's state! Lament thy thirst of boundless power too late. Proceed great chief, with virtue on thy side, Thy every action let the goddess guide. A crown, a mansion, and a throne that shine, With gold unfading, Washington be thine. WASHINGTON'S REPLY Cambridge, February 28, 1776. Miss Phyllis: Your favor of the 26th of October did not reach my hands till the middle of December. Time enough, you will say, to have given an answer ere this. Granted. But a variety of important occurrences, continually interposing to distract the mind and withdraw the attention, I hope will apologize for the delay, and plead my excuse for the seem. ing, but not real neglect. I thank you most sincerely for your polite notice of me in the elegant lines you enclosed; and however undeserv. ing I may be of such encomium and panegyric, the style and manner exhibit a striking proof of your poetical talents; in honor of which, and as a tribute justly due you, I would have published the poem, had I not been apprehensive that, while I only meant to give the world this new instance of your genius I might have incurred the imputation of vanity. This, and nothing else, determined me not to give it a place in the public prints. If you should ever come to Cambridge, or near headquarters, I shall be happy to see a person favored by the Muses, and to whom nature has been so liberal and beneficent in her dispensations. I am, with great respect, your obedient humble servant, GEORGE WASHINGTON. 22 Sonnet to Negro Soldiers By Joseph S. Cotter, Jr. They shall go down unto Life's Borderland, Walk unafraid within that Living Hell, Nor heed the driving rain of shot and shell Than 'round them falls; but with uplifted hand, Be one with mighty hosts, an armed band Against man's wrong to man-for such full well They know. And from their trembling lips shall swell A song of hope the world can understand. All this to them shall be a glorious sign, A glimmer of that resurrection morn, When age-long Faith, crowned with a grace benign, Shall rise and from their brows cast down the thorn Of prejudice. E'en though through blood it be, There Ibreaks this day their down of Liberty. DISTRICT ASSOCIATION MEETS The Upper Cuintberland District Teachers Association, composed of the teachers of the Eleventh Congressional District held its second meeting in Harlan on Feb. 6. A very interesting and instructive program was arranged and executed under the direction of the president, Prof. W. L. Shobe of Middlesboro. Three ses- sions were held. At the genral session in the forenoon, Prof. Wm. Woods of Harlan, Prof. Montez Perkins of Lynch, Mrs. Edna Bryant of Benham and Mrs. A. L. Sholb.e of Middlesboro, were the principal spealk3rs Their ad- dresses were far-reaching and very beneficial to the teachers who were present. In the afternoon sectional meetings were equally as educa- tive. The evening session held at the First Baptist Church was well attended by the citizens of Har- lan. Prof. Shobe was the prin- cipal speaker. Too much praise can not be given Prof. W. L. IShobie, who has been tireless in his efforts, since coming to this sec- tion of the State two years ago, to raise the educational status of this section so that it will equal that of other sections of the State. The meeting was largely at- tended. The majority of the teachers of the district being present. The teachers headed by the president, were 'very enthusia- stic over the meeting and are look- ing forward to great good being accomplished through their ef- forts. The officers of the Association are as follows: Prof. W. L. Shobe, President; Prof. Montez Perkins, Vice-President; Mrs. Della B. Mil- ler, Secretary, Middlesboro; Mrs. Flavilla Jackson, Asst. Secretary, Lynch; Mrs. Virginia G. Tinsley, Treasurer, Harlan. 23 School Examinations By Jennie V. Wendell Wiliams A. B., Fisk University A. M., Columbia University, Head of Department of Education and Psychology Kentucky State Industrial College. Practically ievery teacher from time to time uses some form of school examination to measure the results of his teaching. it is a well known fact that a teacher's efficiency is largely determined by the changes in skill, habits, and knowledge that he succeeds in bringing about in his pupils. With this fact in mind, it is to the advantage of every teacher that the form of measurement used be of the most accurate and reliable type. The instrament of measure- ment which has been used most widely -may be Cal'ed the "tra- ditional examination." Tests of this type are usually made by the classroom teacher and are com- posed of questions using such di- rections as "describe," "criticize," "tell about," "discuss," "how," "why," or "when." Many inves- tigations have been made to de- termine the accuracy and reliabi- lity of this type. What are usual- ly considered the most classical and oustanding of these investi- gations are the ones made at the University of Wisconsin in 1912 and 1913 by Starch and El- liott. (1) The method used by these investigators was to dis- tribute duplicate copies of ex- amination papers to teachers of the subjects to grade. The results iSee W. S. Monroe, An Intro- duction to the Theory of Educeav tonal Measurements. obtained from distributing dupli- cate copies of a geometry paper to 116 teachers for grading are cited here: two gave a "grade" above 90, while one grade was below 30. Twenty were 80 or above while 20 other marks were below sixty. Forty-seven teach- ers assigned a mark of passing or above while sixty-nine teachers decided the paper was not worthy of a passing grade. Similar re- sults were obtained from a study of English and history papers and from studies made by other in- vestigators. This great variability in grad- ing was not due to the incompe- tency of the persons grading the paper but to the type of examina- tion used. Such facts seem to war- rant the belief that the "tradi- tional test" lends itself very easily to the personal judgment of the person grading the paper, there- by causing it to 'be an ihaccurate a n d unreliable instrument of measurement. The very strong belief that the rating of pupils ought to be made very much more accurate has led to the adoption of entirely new examination methods by mod- ern"' teachers. To the examina- tions which embody these methods different names have been given, the most common of which are "new type" and "objective" ex- aminations. There are a variety of forms of the "new type" test but only two will be described here-the true-false and the com-- pletion tests. The true-false tests consists of a number of statements. some of which are correct and some in- correct. The pupil is asked to in- 24 dicate, usually in the margin of the paper, hi3 answers which may be indicated in a variety of ways: by the words "true" or "false." the symbols plus (+) or minus ( - ) or by the letters "T" or "F". The examination should be mimeo- graphed and every pupil provided with a copy. Teachers are warned against making ambigious statements; that is, statements that could be either true or false: making them too long; and using statements in which the correct answer is obvious. Every state- ment shoL Id 'be a postive state- ment and the numnber of true statements shoiihj about equal the number of false ones. This type has many features that may be considered as advantageous. It is relatively easy to construct. very easy to administer and to score, and can be made more comprehensive-that is, cover a wider range of subject matter than can the "traditional" ex- amination. Best of all, however. the scoring is objective. Any number of persons scoring the same paper will obtain the same results. There is no opportunity for the personal judgment of the teacher to affect the score. In the completion form of test the pupil is asked to fill in words that have been omitted from statements. However, the comple- tion test is not used as extensiva- ly as the true-false. The scoring of such a test is not as highly ob- jective. Often more than one wore can be inserted in the blank. thereby causing the teacher to use his judgment as to which is the better word. In that sense the scoring becomes subjective. While the "new type" examina- tion has many advantages, the most notable of which are its ob- jectively and comprehensiveness, it has some limitations. There are some subjects with which this type of test can be used only to a limited extent, with subjects such as mathematics and English Composition. The possibility then that the "traditional' examina- tion will ever be eliminated en- tirely i. a very vague one at the best. Then. it is up to the class- room teacher to man&e the "tradi- tional examination, as nearly as possible, approximate the note- worthy features of the "objec- tive" test. Following are a few suggestions which if followed. will enable the teacher to achieve better results with the "tradi- tional' test.. 1. Make the questions used specific-this docs not necessarily mean to make them narrow. 2. In scoring attempt to re- main impartial-keep an open mind. 3. Set up standards by which you propose to score the paper. 4. After 'the standards have been set up, assign for them rela- tive values. 5. Consider each question separately and judge each answer in the light of the standards set up. Teachers who are not using new type tests and examinations will become more progressive by in- creased activity in this direction. TRY TO ATTEND the K. N, E. A. CONVENTION at LOUISVILLE April 13-16, 1932 25 Approved List of Colleges and Universities for Negro Youth The following institutions, not members of the Association of CoRleges and Secondary Schools of the Southern States, having been inspected by their request and having submitted full and complete reports, have been ap- proved by the Executive Commit- tee of the Association for the several ratings indicated. Standard Four-Year College Class "A" Institutions in this class meet in full the standards set up by the Association for four-year col- leges. Alabama - Talladega College, Talladega. Tennessee - Fisk University, Nashville. Standard Four-Year Colleges Class "B" Institutions in this class do not vet meet in full one or more of the standards set up by the Asso- ciation for four-year college but the general qualitty of their work is such as to warrant the admis- sion without condition; of their graduates to any institution re- quiring the bachelor's degree for entrance. Florida-Florida A. & M. Co}- lege, Tallahassee. Georgia - Clark University, Atlanta. Georgia -Morehouse College, Atlanta. G eorgia-Paine College, Au- gusta. Georgia - Spelman College, Atlanta. KENTUCKY-Kentucky State Industrial College, Frankfort Louisiana - Xavier University, New Orleans. North Carolina-Bennett Col- lege, Greensboro. North Carolina-Johnson C. Smith University, Charlotte. North Carolina - Livingstone College, Salisbury. North Carolina-N. IC. College for Negroes, Durham. North Carolina-N. C. A. & T. College, Greensboro. Tennessee-Knoxville *College, Knoxville. Texas-Bishop College, Mar. shall; Texas-Wiley College, Mar- shall. Virginia - HamDton Institute, Hampton. Virginia-Virginia State Col- lege, Petersburg. Virginia-Virginia Union Uni- versity, Richmond. Standard Two-Year Junior Col- leges-Class "A" Institutions in this class meet in full the standards set up by this Association for junior col- lege,;. Texar-Mary Allen Seminary, ,Crockett. Standard Four-Year Teachers Colleges-Class "B" Institutions in this class do not as yet meet in full one or more of the standards set up. by the Association for four-year teachers colleges, but the general quality of their work is such as to warrant the admission without condition, of their graduates to 26 any institution accepting the degree from an approved four- year teachers college for en- trance. Alabama -Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, Tus- kegee. Standard Two-Year Junior Col- leges-Class "B" Institutions in this class do not yet meet in full one or more of the standards set up by this Asso- ciation for junior colleges, but the general quality of their work is such as to warant the admission of their graduates into the junior year of any standard four-year college. Florida-Bethune Cookman Col- lege, Daytona Beach. North Carolina - Joseph K. Brick Junior College, Bricks. Texas - Houston Municipal Junior College for Negroes, Hous- ton Accredited by Kentucky Asso- ciation for 4 4years of college work: Louisville Municipal College. Kentucky State Industrial Col- lege. Junior Colleges: Lincoln Institute at Lincoln Ridge, Ky. W. K. I. C., Paducah, Ky. 27 TWELFTH ANNUAL K. N. E. A. EXHIBITION LOUISVILLE ARMORY SIXTH AND WALNUT STREETS Saturday Night, April 16, 1932, 7 P. M.-12 P. M. TRACK MEET PAGEANT SOCIAL PERIOD PURDUE'S PIRATES TO FURNISH MUSIC Walking Contest-Racing-Pageant Featuring: "ROMANTIC GEORGE WASHINGTON" 1,000 PUPILS ON PROGRAM ADMISSION: Adults, 40c; Pupils, 25c ADVANCE SALE PRICES: 30c AND 20c i STATE P. T. A. ANNOUNCEMENT Office of President 1642 W. St. Catherine St., Louisville, Kentucky March 5. 1932 Kentucky Branch of National Congress Colored Parents and Teachers To Our P. T. A. Familv: Greetings to you and best wishes for the success of all the "RIG JOBS" you are doing in our sphere of the work. I have been wonderfully in- spired from the reports that have come from the various locals and I do feel that our FAMILY is the most outstanding organization in existence. This year has brought in new locals, and has meant the organi- zation of two District P. T. A's. and think what that means in cementing our work and having locals work together. Keep up the good work and having locals work together. Keep up the good work of organization until we have a P. T. A. in every School District in Kentucky. Our State Meeting April 12th and 13th, 1932, Our Annual State Meeting will be held at the Western Branch Library, 10th and Chestnut Streets, Louis- ville. Ky. Executive B o a r d Meeting 9 A. M. Tuesday morn- ing. Please elect your delegates and have them present for this important meeting, as much busi- ness must be transacted. Our sessions will be full and we ex- pect reports from all locals and our State Officers. HAVE YOU HELPED TO PUT OVER THE PROGRAM? Don't forget your member- ship dues of ten cents per capita for your Local Unit. If you will pay for all members we will have enough money to pay our indeibt- edness. The Poster, Song, Motto, Yell Contest will Abe held as -dual with a prize for the best. Have your P. T. A. represented. You have a month to get ready, so be on time in Louisville, April 12th, 1932 at 9 A. M. If you cannot send a delegate, send your dues so you can be a member of our State Branch. On Tuesday night, April 12th, 1932, our guest speaker will be Mrs. Jas. Sheehan, President of Kentucky Congress of P. T. Other distinguished people will 'be with us. Our State Publicity Chairman, Mrs. Bessie L. Allen, because of illness has been unable to send you a 'message, but, we pray' for her recovery and that she will he with us in our meeting. Looking forward to a BIGGER AND BETTER MEETING than ever, and praying God's blessings upon you and your work I am Your president, Essie Dortch Mack- All the problems of business, industry, society, crime, lie in this one thing-that is, that every citizen, that every man, that every woman, that every child from kindergarten to old age shall have his job -and the job of the child- hood of this nation is to go to school, and the job of -the rest of this nation is to provide work for those who have none.-Willis A. Sutton. 28 State Superintendent and Other Kentucky Educators on Program One of the outstanding and important speakers of the 1932 K. N. E. A. program will be the new State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Mr. J. H. Richmond. He has agreed to ap- pear on the main program and -will also probably appear on the High School and College Depart- ment program of the K. N. E. A. At present, his major address is planned for Friday afternoon, April 15. Already Mr. Richmond has shown a keen interest in the program of Negro education in Kentucky. Mr. Richmond has in- dorsed the program being carried out at the Kentucky State Indus- trial College at Frankfort and is lending his support to all meas- ures which tend to increase the efficiency of the institution. Mr. Richmond is a sponsor of House Bill No. 250 and its com- panion, Senate Bill No. 144. These bills provide for the crea- tion of an Educational Commis- sion, whose duty shall be to direct a study of fpublic education in Kentucky and report its findings to the Governor and General As- sembly of this Commonwealth at the opening of its next regular session, with recommendations of such measures and such revision of our school; code as may be found necessary for increasing the efficiency and equalizing the benefits of public education throughout the Commonwealth. The K. E. A. is making a contribution to this Commission to aid in the survey and it is hoped that the K. N. E. A. can cooperate in the matter by mak- ing its contribution. In addition to Superintendent Richmond, several of the leading white educators of the state, such as Mr. L. N. Taylor and others, will appear on our sectional pro- grams. There will also be a num- ber of colored principals of the state as well as some of the out- standing teachers to appear on various programs of the depart- ments of the K. N. E. A. THE WHITE HOUSE Washington December 21, 1931 To the Teachers and Youth of Our Land: Celebration of the two hun- dreth anniversary of the birth of George Washington brings to our million teachers and thirty-two million school children a special incentive to fresh study of the formation period of the nation. So rich and vivid is the record that the founders live again in the epic of laying the foundations of the republic. Washington as the central figure kindles our imagination as the embodiment of the courage, idealism, a n d wisdom which transformed scat- tered ard independent colonies into a fiee and independent na- tion. The heritage of freedom which we enjoy had its beginning in the spirit and deeds of Wash- ington. The study of that bright page of our history will quicken our patriotism and deepen our devotion to the land we love. -Herbert Hoover 29 N. E. A. Convention Echoes From the Department of Superintendence *The sixty-cesond annual conven- tion of the Department of Super- intendence in Washington, Feb. ruary 20th to 25th, was one of the most stimulating and interesting in the history of the organization. An important feature of the con- vention was in connection with the 200th anniversary of the birth of George Washington. Ap- propriate homage was paid to our "first great American," by the president and delegates assem- bled. The programs throughout were well planned and were help- ful. Some of the gleanings are presented below for those teachers and administrators in Kentucky who Ifound. it impossible to at- tend. In these days of confusion amounting almost to consterna- tion, there is no public institution of our civilization to which the people cling more hopefully and more confidently than to our pub- lic schools. True, the schools do not lack criticism, sometimes bit- ter and unkind, but after all most of such criticism must be inter- preted as but additional proof of interest in and dependence upon that institution which has come to be regarded as vital to our na- tional existence-the institution of learning.-Rufus B. Von Klein- Smid. *Character education is not a separate item of instruction to be compressed into a few lessons and doled out to the pupil. It would be convenient if children could be made good by such a simple method, but character is not so simple as this implies. The development of character is as broad as education; in fact, it is as broad as lif e. It begins when the child is born and con- tinues until he dies.-Frank N. Freeman. The great expansion of educa- tion in the United States during recent years is due not to condi- tions within the schools but to changes in the general social and economic conditions of the coun- try. The development of indus- try has produced urban life and has excluded children from oc- cupations. Society has erected schools on a large scale because it has been compelled to provide for the care and protection of children as well as for their train- ing. Teachers and school adminis- trators have been forced to en- large the curriculum in order to furnish suitable courses for the new types of pupils who have 'been sent to school. These new types of pupils are not at all in- terested in many of the traditional subjects.-Charles H. Judd. Any good curriculum constitutes a character education curriculum. There is no inherent conflict be- tween procedures aimed at char- acter education and those serving scholastic goals. We do not fail to recognize, though adequate equipment, purposeful curricula, thorough supervdsion and scienti- fic metods are all important, that after all, the influence of the teacher should and does occupy 30 first place in the character de- velopment of the child. - C. B. Glenn. The purpose of schooling is to develop the effective social per- son rather than the successful individuals. The satisfactions of co-operation will gradually dis- place the motivations of competi- tion, and the whole artificial ma- chinery of marks and promotions which leaves the many with a sense of half-failure and decreas- ed intellectual energy will grad- ually disappear.-Henry Suzzallo. An educated person is a person who has learned how to do a job he never did before, an original creative, flexible person, who finds out for himself the best way of dealing with the situation as it arises. That applies with special force to anything You may call education for lei-,ure. It would be utterly futile to give any per- oon detailed instructions as to how he should spend the leisure he happens to have. All you can do ,y way of educating him for leis- ure is to make him fa-miliar with the field where the finer oppor- tunities exist-a good judge of values capable of making his own Choice and developing his own technique. But in training him on these lines you are training him for labor as well as leisure. Education for leisure involves educating the whole man who can do a job he never did before whether in labor or leisure. Life as I see it consists largely of do- ing jobs we never did before.- Lawrence P. Jacks. The ideal teacher is a combina- tion of rcientist, artist, and cul- tured human being, and the func- tion of the teachers college is both formative and selective. It must provide an enriching, cultural background for all, discover and develop latent possibilities in in- dividuals, and encourage that spirit of open-mindedness which considers all claims but refuses to be stampeded by the herd. -A. Grace Lind. A decade ago, a limited number of leaders accepted vocational educaticn as a definite part of certain systems of education. Other leaders opposed vocational education in any form, largely be- cause of their misunderstandings of its c0jectives. Today, most of the leaders in education are ten- dering to agree that one' of the first requisites of a good citizen is the capacity for self-suppor#, and that each individual is entitled to such preparation as will enable him to make the most of life's op- portunities.-J. D. Blackwvell. It is apparent that we are en- tering upon a new kind of life, here in the United States, as well as in the rest of the world. The industrial revolution is not a movement that is spent. The change fromn "that primitive, tequalitarian, individualistic dem- ocracy pi oduced by the log cabin, free land and isolation," began late in the Eighteenth Century, has steadily progressed since that time, and in the period since'the World War has modified our so- ciety with increasing and height- ened results. The full effects have not yet been reached. Ixiportant changes are still in the making.- William F. Russell. 31 The Lincoln Grant School at Covington Erected 1931-32 for the colored youth of 'Covington Glenn 0. Swing Superintendent H. Rf Merry, Principal The Board of Education of Cov- ington, Kentucky, is to be con- gratulated on its interest in the education of Negro youth of their city as shown in the new building which was opened during the month of March, 1932. Special features of this new Ischool are as follows: 45 rooms, auditorium for 600 seated, gym- nasium to seat 350 persons, model laundry, model flat, cafe- teria with seats for 150, electric dishwasher, frigidaire, etc., auto mechanics, manual training fully equipped with 7 power machines, kindergarten, art room, mechan- ical drawing room, music room, phones in each room, and electric clocks in each room. This is one of the best equip- ped schools in Kentucky and Prof. Merry and his co-workers are con- gratulated. The K. N. E. A. in addition extends to them, the su- perintendent, and Board of Edu- cation of Covington, a kind ex- pression of gratiude for this ad- vanced step in the progress of Negro education in Kentucky. The above picture is the seventh of a series of school buildings re- cently constructed for colored youth by Kentucky boards of edu- cation.