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Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.3 n.1 Kentucky Negro Educational Association 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2003 kneav3n1 These pages may freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.3 n.1 Kentucky Negro Educational Association Kentucky Negro Educational Association Louisville, Kentucky October-November 1932 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Volume 3 October-November 1932 Number 1 1932 Annual Proceedings One of Our New City Schools 1~~~~ WM, THE COLORED SCHOOL-LEBANON MISS NETTIE HUGHES, Principal _ - This is the seventh of a series of school buildings recently con- = | structed for Colored Youth by various Kentucky Boards of Edu- i cation. | "An Equal Educational Opportunttp for Everp Kentuckp Child' E IIIIin lU lllll1llllllllnllllllllllllll.IIIIIlllllIIIIIi Vhis page in the original text is blank. Vhis page in the original text is blank. The K. N. E. A. Journal Official Organ of the Kentucky Negro Educational Association Vol. III October-November, 1932 No. 1 Published by the Kentucky Negro Educational Association Editorial Office at 1925 W. Madison Street Louisville, Kentucky Atwood S. Wilson, Executive Secretary, Louisville; Managing Editor, D. H. Anderson, Paducah, President of K. N. E. A. Board of Directors J. L. Bean, Versailles W. S. Blanton, Frankfort S. L. Barker, Owensboro F. A. Taylor, Louisville Published Bimonthly during the school year: October, December, February and April PRICE 50 CENTS PER YEAR OR 15 CENTS PER COPY Membership in the K. N. E. A. (One Dollar) includes subscription to the Journal Rates for Advertising space mailed on request Present Circulation, 2,000 copies-1932 K. N. E. A. Membership, 1,052 CONTENTS Page Officers for 1932-33 .......................................... 2 Greetings .................................................. 3 Editorial Comment . .......................................... 4 Proceedings of the 1932 Convention ............................ 7 Resolution Adopted at the 1932 Convention ..................... 12 Report of the Legislative Committee ............................ lS Secretary's Financial Report .... . ............................ 14 Financial Report on K. N. E. A. Track Meet and Pageant ..........1 l 1932 K. N. E. A. Membership by Counties ...................... 18 One Hundred Percent City Schools .............................. 20 The First, Last and Greatest of School Room Problems .......... 21 Louisville Municipal College Reports Growth .................... 26 New President at Lincoln Institute of Kentucky ................. 27 K. N. E. A Kullings ......................................... 28 1932 Rosenwald Day in Kentucky ............................... 30 School Libraries Reported by the State Library Commission ....... 31 K. N. E. A. Officers, April, 1932 to April, 1933 Board of Directors D. H. Anderson, Chairman Ex-Officio ................ Paducah W. S. Blanton, (Term Expires, 1934) .Frankfort J. L. Bean, (Term Expires, 1934) .Versailles F. A. Taylor, (Term Expires 1933) .Louisville S. L. Barker, (Term Expires, 1933) .Owensboro General Officers D. H. Anderson, President .Paducah A. S. Wilson, Secretary-Treasurer .Louisville Miss L. V. Ranels, Assistant ,Secretary .Winchester W. J. Callery, Historian .Little Rock Vice-Presidents Mrs. Fannie H. White, First Vice-President . .Lexington G. H. Brown, Second Vice-President. Louisville R. B. Atwood, High School and iCollege Department . Frankfolt Mrs. L. H. Smith, Elementary Education Department . Lexington Miss R. L. Carpenter, Music Department .Louisville Mrs. Blanche Elliott, Primary Department.............. Greenville Mrs. T. L. Anderson, Rural Education Department .Frankfort Whitney Young, Vocational Education Department...... Lineoln Ridge R. D. Roman, Principals' Conference ...... ............. Shelbyville H. A. Kean, Athletic Department ........................ Frankfort Miss A. M. Emanuel, Forei-n Language Department ........ Louisville Mrs. M. L. Copeland, Jeannes Teachers' Conference ...... Hopkinsville District Organizers Miss M. S. Brown, First District . . M ayfield W. 0. Nuckols, Second District ........................ Providence H. E. Goodloe, Third District ....... .................. Russellville R. L. Dowery, Fourth District ....................... Elizabethtown Miss Hattie Daniel, Fifth District .......... ............. Louisville H. R. Merry, Sixth District ......... ................... Covington J. L. Bean, Seventh District ............................ Versailles J. W. Bate, Eighth District ............................... Danville W. E. Newsome, Ninth District ......................... Cynthiana K. L. Walker, Tenth District ............................... Hazard W. L. Shobe, Eleventh District ........... ;............ Middlesboro 2 I Greetings For 1932-1933 The officers and directors of the Kentucky Negro Educational Association extend greetings to the fifteen hundred and fifty teachers in Kentucky at the open- ing of the school year of 1932- 1933. We wish for you the largest possible happiness in the coming year's work. Conditions have been trying this past year. Many of us have been disappointed in our income and have been compelled to live on greatly reduced budgets. This results in many instances in a lowered morale and in a poorer quality tof work. This is no time to slump. Good work builds morale ana we need morale today more than we have ever needed it before. There are discouraging periods in the history of nations and in the history of Commonwealths. This is a lean period for those of us who work in education. The real test of an institution or of a school system, after all, is not how it goes into a lean period in education but how it comes out of it. We can make the year 1932-1933 the best year in our history if we set our hearts and our minds to the task. One of the outstanding projects of the Kentucky Negro Educa- tional Association is the under- taking of a five hundred dollar payment to the Kentucky Educa- tional Commission, which Comn- mission plans to survey the colored schools of Kentucky as well as t h e white. President Atwood at Kentucky State Industrial Co- lege is one of the leaders in this project and he, along with K. N. E. A. officers, earnestly requests 'the teachers of Kentucky not to fail to make this contribution pos- sible. The Kentucky Negro Educa- tional Association can meet this obligation with no additional burden to any teacher. The only request is that each teacher be -,ure to pay his annual dollar fee -to the K. N. E. A., sending it early in the school year in order that the first payment on this W]edge can be made. This will also make it possible for the K. N. E. A. to publish its regular journals and prepare with assur- ence for the meeting in Louis- ville, April 19-22, 1933. State Superintendent Richmond deeply interested in the prog- ress of Negro education in Ken- taeky and in the maintaining of ligher standards for the colored teachers of Kentucky. He has a splendid attitude regarding our state schools and is co-operating in every way to make these insti- tutions of the highest type. Let us unite with him in this program of progress as far as colored schools are concerned. May we all work together to make this school year the best in our educational history. 3 - - I - I i Editorial Comments OUR PROFESSION AND THE DEPRESSION Teachers in service can do much to build up a sentiment, for the keeping of wages on present levels during the depression includ- ing teachers' salaries. Other wages could come (back much quicker than teachers salaries, hence, it i- imperative that everyone work locally to that end. For a long time, we have fought to have better paid teachers and for the preparation required, teachers are not receiving really the amount which should be allotted them. This sentiment should be kept in the minds of school boards and those in charge of teacherfs' salaries. It should also be pointed out that teachers contribute more to the general welfare than probably most any other group of workers. They not only make extra contributions along the line of community service but in financial ways. The tendency is to have high standards of those who enter the teaching profession. This means that those in service must attend summer schools, do extension work or take correspondence courses, all of which are expensive. Bear these facts in mind, and let us unite isiclidly to maintain at least the salaries we now have. * * *! * OUR 1932 MEMBERSHIP RECORD EIkawhere in this Journal will be found the 1932 enrollment record of the K. N. E. A. It may Sbe noted that there are now 1550 teachers in the colored schools of Kentucky. You will further note that there is, at present, 1052 teachers enrolled in the K. N. E. A. This is just about two-thirds of the teachers in Kentucky. Thi: per cent of enrollment is the lowest that the K. N. E. A. has had in tChe last ten years. Such a falling off in membership may tbe due to the so-called "depression" but when !one thinks of the fact that the teachers are among the few people who have had steady employment in the past year, it is doubtful if such a decrease in enrollment can be justified. While salaries have been decreased in many places in Kentucky, it should be realized that food, clothing and other commodities have been likely reduced so that salaries we have been receiving can do a bigger job. Teachers who are interested in their profession should not eco- nomize at the expense of K. N. E. A. membership. One dollar' per year is very much less than white teachers pay for K. E. A. member- ship and realizing this and the limited number of teachers we have to, draw from in Kentucky, no teacher should fail to enroll for 1932- 1933. 4 Let us, at once, make up this deficit in the K. N. E. A. enroll- ment. Enroll now for 1932-1933, in order that we might have funds to operate during the coming school year. * * . ** * * e SURVEY COMMISSION The minutes of the general association include mention of a resolution passed at the 1932 session of the K. N. E. A. in which a pledge of five hundred dollars; was authorized for the Kentucky Edu- cational Survey Commission, recently announced following action of the 1932 legislature at Frankfort. This Commission is-under the general supervision of State Superintendent Richmond. Its work is to include a study of all schools in Kentucky, both white and colored. Each school will be studied in detail and reports made regarding the needs in educeation for the ycuth of Kentucky. Such a Commission is to receive its funds from, chiefly, a donation of several thousand dollars made from the K. E. A. and the five hundred dollar pledge from the -K. N. E. A. A part of our pledge is now desired I y the state superintendent to turn over to the commission. Our only source of such funds is from the enrollment fees of Kentucky teachers. Tro pay this installment now due, principals of the various city schools are requested to collect in the month of November, the en- rollment fees from as many of their teachers as possible and for- ward them to the s-cretary.If this interest is taken iby principals in Kentucky, our installment can easily be paid and the Journals fi- nanced until the April meeting. Every principal is, therefore, called upon at this time to co- operate in meeting this obligation. Teachers who enroll now will have this membership counted at the April meeting. Teachers who enroll early will make their dollar 'be of two-fold value to the K. N. E. A. We call upon loyal Kentucky teachers to help us in this emer- gency. * * * * * e * * e THE EDUCATIONAL OUTLOOK FOR 1932 Despite the strained conditions which school districts and public school workers have faced during the past two years, the educational outlook for the school year 1932-1933 is encouraging. College en- rollments have held up remarkably well in our State, and in many cases decided increases in these enrollments have been noted. This situation is a clear indication that our public school teachers are carrying on, despite the fact that many of them have made great sacrifices to obtain additional training. Though the situation is distressing in many areas of our State, it is nevertheless true that Kentucky has been less diz turbhed by the pro-tent unusual conditions than have many of the other states. Our school leaders are sensative to the problems which we are facing and those fostering the work of the Kentucky Educational Commis- sion are taking sincere and definite steps to formulate plans of pro- 5 cedure and organization which will, in the future, make our school uystem more efficient. The school teachers of Kentucky have under- written the work of this Commission. The Commission is sensitive alike to the welfare of the teaching profession and the school chil- dren of this State. It needs your moral support, as well as the fi- nancial aid, which you were gracious enough to extend, in order that it may function most effectively for the cause. We must carry on our work with the determination to make effective school service available for all. Let it not be said that the people of Kentucky, of today, loaded their responsibilities and troubles upon her people of tomorrow. We can have no moratorium in education in our State.-James H. Richmond, State Superintendent. Louisville Municipal College For Negroes Fully Accredited Four-Year College Strong Faculty Modern Equipment Throughout Courses Leading to A. B. and B. S. Degrees New Students Register at Beginning of Second Semester- January 31st No Students Registered in Rgeular Day Classes After Feb. 8th EVENING CLASSES SUMMER SESSION For Information Address, THE DEAN I 6 I Proceedings of the Kentucky Negro Educa*- tional Association, 56th Annual Session The Opening Gener-t Session The 1932 K. N. E. A. Conven- tion was officially called to order by D. H. Anderson, president, on Wednesday, April 13, at 8:15 p. m. The central theme of the conven- tion was "Modern Trends in Edu- cation." The opening session fol- lowed an arrangement of industrial exhibits at the Central High School Building, a conference of Kentucky principals, led by R. D. Roman, of Shelbyvilie, and a one hour music program, directed by R. Lillian Carpenter, head of the music department of the K. N. E. A. The session was opened with musical selections by a chorus from the Louisville Municipal Col- lege, directed by 13. L. Lawson. The invocation was rendered by J. Francis Wilson, of Maceo, Ken- tucky. The welcome address was delivered by R. E. Clement, Dean of the Louisville Municipal Coi- lege and the response was given by W. H. Fouse, principal of the Dunbar High School at Lexing- ton, Kentucky. This was follow- ed by Glee Club selections by Central High School girls who were directed iby N. G. Board. D. H. Anderson, president of the West Kentucky Industrial Col- lege at Paducah and president of the K. N. E. A. made his annual address, which message outlined some of the needs of Negro edu- cation and was of general inspira- tion to the large audience of Ken- tucky teachers assembled. This address was followed by a solo by Mamie Summers of Lexington, Kentucky. The next main feature of the program was an address by Mau- delle B. Bousfield, A. M., prin- cipal of S. A. Douglas School in Chicago. She spoke on the sub- ject, "The Intelligence a n d Achievement of the Negro Youth in Northern Centers." She was intrcduced by Maude E. Brown ox Louisville, Supreme Basileus OL the A. K. A. Sorority. Mrs. Bous- field gave a most scholarly ad- dress. She pointed out that ob- jective data had revealed that Negro children rated low in intel- ligence tests due chiefly to poor reading abilities. Her results o0 intelligence measurements w i t h non-linguistic tests were distinctly higher than with others. More- over a survey showed that very few magazines, newspapers, or books were found in many Negro homes showing the lack of oppor- tunity to become good readers. She, therefore, concluded that the apparent differences between the intelligences of Negro and white children was largely a matter of environmental factors. No edu- cator has yet proved a biological difference between Negro and white children in the matter of in- telligence. This session was adjourned with a benediction -by J. Bryant Cooper of Mayfield. The Second General Session This session opened Thursday, April 14 at 9:00 A. M. at Quinn Chapel where all general sessions were held. Opening exercises in- cluded an invocation by J. Francis Wilson of Maceo and selections by the Girls' Glee Club of Madison *9 Junior High School, Louisvilie, di- rected by M. Lyda Johnson. R. L. Carpenter, head ox the music sec- tion, then led in congregational singing. This was followed (by the Legis~ative Committee Report by Chairman S. L. Barker of Owens- boro. Tne report was officially adopted following its reading. the main address of tne morn- ing session waSc made by W. A. Cook, Pih. D., professor of educa- tion at the University of Cincin- nati. Dr. Cook presented data to show that certain factors had caused a tremendous increase in both elementary and high school attendance, length of school year, and efficiency in the type of work being done. He pointed out that the schools were taught more scientifically than ever before. Data showed that children know more in a given grade than they did in 1890. The results obtained, Dr. Cook showed, are commen- surate with higher costs of eda- cation. Dr. Cook answered the topic of his address, "Do the Public Schools Cost too Much?" -He proved with objective data -"hat they do not-education being probably the most economically conducted phase of our govern- mental activities. Dr. Cook was introduced 'by W. S. Blanton, prin- cipal of the high school at Frank- fort. After several other community songs the nominating committee's report was made by M. S. Brown, first district organizer and chair- man of the committee. The same officers elected in 1931 (shown on page 2 of this publication) were nominated and elected by accla- mation for the term of one year ending April, 1933. The session .8 closed with announcements by President Anderson. Third General Session The third session followed the usual one hfour music program di- rected by R. L. Carpenter. Open- ing music was furnished by a chorus from Kentucky State In dustrial College, Nannette Wheat- ley, directress. Invocation was given by G. H. Richmond, pastor of the Grace Presbyterian Church of Louisville. This was followed with a solo by Russell Stone of K. S. I. C. The main feature of this pro- gram was an address by H. Coun- cil Trenholm, president of the N. A. T. C. S. He was introduced by G. H. Brown of Louisville, a vice-president of the K. N. E. A. This address was followed with a soolo by Clara Hill of Louisville. Atwood S. Wilson, secretary ox the K. N. E .A. then presented the district, enrollment trophy for 1931 to the eichth district organ izer, J. W. Bate. This was the second time this district had won this trophy and according to the rule of the enrollment contest the trophy ibecame the property of the district. This session ended with a selection by the Octette of Ken- tucky State Industrial College. Fourth General Session This session opened on Friday, April 15 at 2:00 P. M. with music by the band of the Kentucky school for the Blind. Otis Eades, director. Dr. R. L. Anthony ren- dered the invocation which was followed by another selection from the Blind School band. This mu- sic received the comment and loud applause of all present. Music was then rendered by the Lincoln Institute Chorus, Earline Good, directress. The main address of this session was that of J. H. Richmond, State Superintendent of Public Instruc- tion. Features of his program of education for Kentucky were out- lined and special mention made of the needs of Negro education in Kentucky. He was introduced by-R. B. Atwood, president of the Kentucky State Industrial College at Frankfort.. This address was followed with remarks by L. N. Taylor, Rural School Agent for Kentucky and special friend of Negro education. -Music -was then rendered -by the Jefferson County Children's Home Chorus, Juanita Lonas, directress. The next main address was given by Eva Mitchell, A. M., Columbia University, a n d instructor at Hampton Institute. Her subject was "Specific Needs of Negro Teachers." She made a splendid impression with this address and subsequent demonstrations which she had given in the* elementary education department. She was introduced by Mrs. L. H. Smith of Lexington who sponsored her ap- pearance on the K. N. E. A. pro- gram. The session adjourned with a music selection by the Lincoln Institute chorus. Fifth General Session The fifth general session was held on Friday evening, April 15 at 8:15 P. M. and consisted of a Musicale at Quinn Chapel in which Edward Matthews, baritone of Fisk University was featured. Other numbers on the program included selections by the Apollo Quartet (Messrs. T. J. Long, H. W. O'Bannon, C. L. Thomas, and Carl Barbour) and the Plyirouth Singers.: Both organizations con- sisted of trained singers of un- tisual ability. This music program was proclaimed by many to have been the high light- of the 1932 K. N. E. A. session. Certainl- no other K. N. E. A-. Musicale has surpassed- it in quality. Robert Hemingway was the accompanist for Edward Matthews and Nannie G. Board the directress of the Plymouth Singers. Final Session Saturday, April 16, at 9 :00 A. M., the final business session of the K. N. E. A. was called to order. Before going into business proceedings Rev. J. Francis Wil- son of Maceo, Ky., conducted a brief memorial service for de- ceased members. Those men- tioned were Miss Virginia V. Wood, Standford; Miss Mary C. Henry, Hardinsburg; Mrs. Louise W. Forline, Nicholasville; Mrs. G. L. Timberlake, Madisonville, Miss Overta Mathial, Greenville; Dr. Wm. H. Levell, Hopkinsville; and Dr. C. H. Parrish, Louisville. The service consisted of singing, scripture reading and appropriate eulogy. Mrs. Nina Pike led in the singing for the occasion. W. S. Blanton then introduced a resolution concerning the re- cently appointed educational com- mission. It was voted that the resolution be adopted and th e K. N. E. A. send representatives to the K. E. A. pledging co-opera- tion and advising them that this organization would pledge five hundred dollars ($500.00) to aid the commission in its work, same to (be paid by January, 1934. The -resolution including this appro- priation was approved by vote of the association. R. B. Atwood 9 president of K. S. I. C. was also the sponsor of this resolution. Mrs. Hunter of Lexington made a short talk on "Better Homes and Better Health." The move- jment she sponsored was approved -by the K. N. E. A. and adopted :as a part of its program. The K. N. E. A. then voted to pay an affiliation fee to the Na- tional Association of Teachers in Colored Schools to meet in Mont- gomery, Alabama, July 5-7, 1932. It was voted that individual mem- mership fees be sent to W. H. Fouse of Lexington who was a representative of Kentuckyr in the N. A. T. C. S. Reports were then made by de- partments of the K. N. E. A. and by Mrs. Essie D. Mack, president of the State Parent-Teacher As- sociation. It was moved that these reports be adopted. The High School and College Depart- ment reported a very profitable session and sponsored the finan- cial donation for the Kentucky Educational Commission. R. B. Atwood, president of K. S. I. C., was elected chairman of the de- partment and Mrs. M. V. McGill, of Paducah, the secretary for 1932-1933. The Elementary Education De- partment reported a successful state wide spelling contest, the finals of which were conducted on Friday morning, April 15. The first prize of ten dollars was won oby Sallie Ransom of the 6-B class of the Lincoln School in Louis- ville. Juanita Brown of the Bond-Washington School at Eliza- bethtown won the second prize of five dollars. The third prize was . won ;by James Ashby of the Scott School in Shelby County. Win- ners of the next thirteen prizes were: (1) Foree Radford, of Christian County; (2) Catherine Crockett, of Oldham County; (3) Bert Thomas, of Jefferson County; (4) Bettie Isom of Gar- rard County; (5) Hallie Williams, of Hopkinsviile; (6) Virginia Bohannon, of Henry County; (7) Anne L. Mitchell, of Muhlen- *berg; (8) Scott Spinner, of Spen- cer County; (9) Eliza Taylor, of Bourbon County; (10) AddieB. Lang, of Mason County; (11) Mary D. Clay, of Woodford County; (12) Hazel Ford, of Trigg County; and G. W. Ander- son, of Owen County. l hese prizes were donated by the Louis- ville Courier-Journal and Times. The contest was directed by G. H. Brown, of Louisville. At this point Messrs. W. H. Fouse and R. B. Atwood returned from the K. E. A. to which they had carried the resolution *of the K. N. E. A. They reported that the matter would receive the attention of the K. E. A. Directors and were thanked by vote of the K. N. E. A. for their interest in the matter. A request was then presented the secretary by a group of fer- eign language teachers asking that a foreign language department be incorporated in the program of the K. N. E. A. This matt was referred to the Board of Di- rectors for approval. A. S. Wilson, secretary of the K. N. E. A., then made a brief fi- nancial report, bringing out the fact that the K. N. E. A. had is- sued its Journal and carried out its program in spite of the loss of its entire treasury in the closed 10 Mutual Standard Bank. The sec- retary made special mention of an obligation of the K. N. E. A. for expenses due W. H. Fouse of Lexington whoi attended the N. C T. C. S. at Petersburg, Va. in 1930 with expenses voted paid at the 1931 session of the K. N. E. A. He promised to recommend to tho directois immediate payment on the obligation and as soon as pos- sible the entire obligation. It was then moved and seconded that the K. N. E. A. endorse the splendid work of Atwood S. Wil- son, the secretary-treasurer of the K. N.E. A. , Following remarks by President D. H. Anderson the final session w a s adjourned. Following this, the Board of CDirectors met and after reviewing the financial rec- ords of the association, voted to accept the secretary's report. They also discussed other matters relative to the interest of the K. N. E. A. and made tentative plans for 1932-33. The K. N. E. A. closed its 56th session with a pageant at the Lou- i'sville Armory on Saturday night, April 16, 1932. The pageant, "Romantic George Washington," was one of the most spectacular in the history of the K. N. E. A. More than 1000 pupils of the Louisville schools were on the pro- gram and several thousand people were on hand to witness this cele bration of the Bi-Centennial of George Washington. The Joseph S. Cotter Walking Contest, track events, and aesthetic demonstra- tions rby the Jackson Junior High ,School of Louisville were also features of the program. R. L. Carpenter, director of music in Louisville Colored Schools and A. S. Wilson, secretary of the IL N. E. A., assisted by others, spolt sored this program. (Miss) L. V. Ravels Assistant Secretary A. S. Wilson, Secretary-Treasurer D. H. Anderson, President. I KNOW SOMETHING GOOD ABOUT YOU Wouldn't this old world be better If the folks we meet would say, "I know something good about youi" And then treat us just that way? Wouldn't it be fine and dandy, If each handclasp, warm and true, Carried with it this assurance, "I know something good about you 1" Wouldn't life be lots more happy If the good that's in us all Were the only things about us That folk bothered to recall? Wouldn't life (be lots more happy If we praised the good we see? For there's such a lot of goodness In the worst of you and me. Wouldn't it be nice to practice That fine way of thinking too; You know something good about me, I know something good about you? 11 Resolution Adopted At 1932 Session WULERAS, there has b e e n created in the Commonwealth of Kentucky a Commission known as the Kentucky Educational Com- mission and WHEREAS, the duty of this Commission is to direct a study of public education in Kentucky and report its findings to the Gov- ernor and the General Assembly of the Commonwealth at the opening of its next regular ses- sion, with recommendations of such measures and such revision of our school code as may be found necessary for increasing efficiency and equalizing t h e benefits of public education throughout the Commonwealth, and, WHEREAS, because of the strained financial situation, t h e Cenrtx l Assas Ly ilaade no ap propriation for the prosecution of this valuable work, but the Commission has been successful in securing substantial donations from the General Education Board and the Kentucky Educational As- sociation, Therefore, Be it re- solved, THAT the Kentucky Negro Edu- cational Association commend the State Superintendent of Public Instruction for his foresight and good judgment in securing such a. Cc-mmission, and THAT the Kentucky Negro Educational Association pledge to the Commission full support and co-operation of its organiza- tion, and, THAT the K. N. E. A. pledge *a donation of Five Hundred ($500.00) Dollars to be paid in two equal installments before January, 1934, to be used as the Kentucky Educational Commission may direct in She promotion of work to be done by said Com- mission. COMMITTEE: R. B. Atwood, Frankfort, W. H. Fouse, Lexington W. S. Blanton, Frankfort D. H. Anderson, Paducah (President) A. S Wilson, Louisville, (Secretary) Filipinos, regardless of how dark they may be, are to be al- lowed to attend white schools in the State of North Carolina, ac- cording to a ruling of Assistant Attorney General A. A. F. Sea- well. A case involving a Filipino child, whose mother was white and father Filipino, was referred to him for legal advice, when the mother of the child attempted to send him to a white school. Mr. Seawell ruled that the ex- clusion of persons from white schools applied only to Race peo- ple, and that he could find no law to compel the child to attend a Race school, and that the state was bound to furnish education for the child. RAY AND HAWES AGENCY HIGH CLASS REAL ESTATE FOR HOMES AND INVESTMENT GENERAL INSURANCE 601 W. Walnut Street Main 1125 12 Report of Legislative Committee April 15, 1932 Mr. President and Fellow Teachers of the K. N. E. A.: The Legislative Committee of 1932 submits the following re- port: Our committee working in connection with the legislative committee of the K. E. A. of which Superintendent J. L. Foust, of Owensboro, was chairman, pre- sented to the legislature six ob- jectives: (a) To raise the standard of certification. (b) Taking away from the one trustee the power of naming the teacher in rural schools. (c) Increasing the power of the County Superintendent and County Board of Education. (d) A more permanent and equitable appropriation for Negro State Schools. (e) Free text books. (f) An educational survey. The solid front of Kentucky educators of both asso iations in advocating progressive school legis- lation bore some fruit. House bill electing county superintendents by popular vote was passed. This law is considered by the educators as reactionary but the qualification of candidates for superintendents attached to this bill makes some amends for its reaction. The minimum standard for en- trance into the teaching profes- sion was raised from 16 to 3Z semester hours. Our state school was struck tby the hammer of popular demand for economic re- trenchment which hindered the e ating of an appropriation much desired and unanimously fought for by educators and officials of the department of education. We take courage and shall con- tinue this agitation until Ken- tucky schools shall, legislatively speaking, stand in the class we so much desire. Respectfully submitted, S. L. BARKER, Chairman, Legislative Committee. Education of youth in Soviet, Russia takes queer turns, acording to Elmer Rice, American play- wright, recently returned from a visit to that county. Rice, in a 3m.cent interview, relates that 3 simplified ver Ion of 'Uncle T-ni's Cabin" in Russian language is periodic I1y produced at t h e theater for young spectators in Moscow as a part of a course in social history for young students. The object of showing the play is to infuse in the youthful minds a hatred of slavery and serfdom and to point to the failure of a social system Eased on chattel slavery. MEET YOUR FRIENDS IN LOUISVILLE April 19, 20, 21, 22, 1933 57th SESSION OF K. N. E. A. UNUSUAL PROGRAM SPLENDID MUSIC "THE EDUCATIONAL FESTIVAL OF THE YEAR" 13 Secretary's Financial Report May 1, 1931 to May 1, 1932 To the Board of Directors, officers and members of the Kentucky Ncgro Educational Association, I submit the following annual report of receipts and expenditures for the year ending April 30, 1932: NOTE: On May 1, 1931, there was a balance in the K. N. E. A. checking account of $505.25 and a balance of $480.46 on the scholar- ship fund account, thus making a total of $985.75. These funds remain in the now closed Mutual Standard Bank. Receipts *1. Adveitisements in K. N. E. A. Journals ...... $ 70.50 2. Frances Morgan on Scholarship Fund$ ...... 110.50 3. State Dept. of Edu'tion on Rosenwald Journals 38.79 4. Enrolhnent Fees ....... ................. 1052.00 *5. Net Receipts of Musicale .................. 88.75 ;6. Net Receipts of Pageant at Armory .......... 190.75 Total Receipts .... $1451.29 Payments Sept. 11 B. Print Shoppe-Pres. and Sec'y stationery ....... . $ 9.00 12 Louisville Paper Co.-Envelopes for Oct. Journals. 6.25 Oct. 20 Koehler Stamp Co.-Permit Stamp ................ 2.45 20 Tinsley-Clingman Co.-Cut of Harrodsburg School.. 3.72 Nov. 7 Aubrey Cossar, P. M.-Postage for Oct. Journals.... 14.82 20 Louisville Paper Co.-3500 Cat. Envelopes ......... 15.05 Dec. 16 TinsIey-Clingman Co.-Cut of W. K. I. C. Bldg... ... 3.80 Jar. 5 Cash-Postage, 137 Circular Letters to Principals ... 2.06 5 Cash-Postage 150 Circular Letters to Supts ...... 2.80 12 C. M. Smith-Mimeographing Forms, Letters, Etc.... 8.25 17 Louisville Postmaster-Postage, Jan. Journals ...... 16.00 22 Railway Express Agency-Express on Jan. Journals. . 3.56 25 B. Print Shoppe-Depts' and Organizers' Stationery 7.50 27 Postmaster, 200 stamps for program correspondesce. . 4.00 Feb. 8 Times-Journal Pub. Go,.-Nov. Journals ............. 79.20 15 Brown's Letter Shoppe Membership cards, for 1932.. 16.75 19 Station D-P. O.-Stamps for K. N. E. A. Announcements ............. ................... 10.00 Mar. 2 Times-Journal Pub. Co.-On January Journals .....5 8.79 '8 Gladys Foust-Mimeographed K. N. E. A. Announcements ........... ...................... 4.00 10 Ky. Ed. Ass'n-1600 Railroad Certificates .......... 8.50 12 W. H. Ferris, Announcement in Democratic Voice ... 4.00 19 W. E. Robinson, Postmaster-500 2c stamps ........ 10.00 23 B. Print Shoppe, Honor Roll certificates ........... 3.25 25 W. E. Robinson, P. M.-Postage on March Journals.. 15.00 *Apr. 2 A. S. Wilson, Clerk Hire, office expense to date .... 121.45 4 W. E. Robinson, P. M.-Postage on programs 9.00 14 6 St. Louis Button Co.-Badges for 1932 .............3 4.05 6 Tinsley-Clingman-Cuts in March Journals ......... 7.00 7 Wmn. Warley-Cut of S. L. Barker ................ 3.00 8 Times-Journal Pub. Co.-Bal. on January Journals.. 44.66 9 J. L. Bean-Director's Fare to meeting ............ 4.05 9 W. S. Blanton-Director's fare to meeting ........ 3.20 9 S. L. Barker-Director's fare lo meeting .......... 6.15 9 Times-Journal Pub. Co.-March Journals .......... 79.20 11 Wm. Warley, Democratic Voice Publicity, K. N. E. A. 15.00 13 Maudelle Bousfiled, Speaker's fee .................5 0.00 14 Dr. W. A. Cook, Speaker's fee ................... 60.00 14 H. Council Thenholm, Speaker's fee ............... 50.00 15 Edward Matthews, Baritone Soloist and Assistants.. 80.00 15 Eva Mitchell, Speaker's fee ...................... 30.00 16 Custodian of Quinn Chapel-Meeting place ......... 5 .00 16 D. J. Hightower, Janitor 'C. H. S. Bldg ............. 4.00 16 Mary Lou Bullock, watching exhibits, C. H. S. Bldg. 5.00 16 Edward Rogers, Janitor C. H. S. and Exhibits ...... 6.00 1 6M. E. Ranson, Spelling Bee Prize ................. 10.00 16 Elizabeth Bolan-Cierical work-membership cards.. 5.00 16 Carrie Mae Smith-Clerk K. N. E. A. week ........ 10.00 16 Cash-Prizes Spelling contest .................... 1.50 16 Camila Bullock, Speaker's board .................. 7.00 16 Gadys Foust-Honor Roll work-clerk ............ 2.50 16 W. H. Ferris-Bal. Publicity Rpt. meeting .......... 6.00 16 Mrs. B. Elliott -Prim. Dept. expense ............. 1.98 16 Mrs. L. H. Smith-Elem. Dept. postage ............ 1.00 16 D. H. Anderson-delegates expenses to N. A. T. C. S. 46.09 18 S. L. Barker-Legislative com. exp., Frankfort ...... 18.00 18 Louisville High Schools-Expenses exhibits ........ 27.21 18 L. V. Ranels, Ass't Sec'y-R. R. Fare .............5 .85 19 Times-Journal Pub. Co.-Programs ................ 44.00 20 Guy W. Smith & Son-piano drayage and rental .... 16.00 21 W. H. Fouse Payment on 1930 ex. to N. A. T. C. S. 10.OD 23 A. S. Wilson-Salary of See'y-Treas. for year ...... 263.00 29-Quinn Chapel-rental of meeting place ...........5 0.00 Total payments .......................... $1445.64 Total Balance in K. N. E. A. Treasury ....... 5.65 $1451.29 Items (recepits or payments) which are starred were reported in detail to the Board of Directors. Cancelled checks, receipts, and bank records were exhibited to the Board of Directors to cover all items of the above report. Respectfully submitted, ATWOOD S. WILSON, Secretary-Treasurer 15 FINANCIAL REPORT ON K. N. E. A. TRACK MEET & PAGEANT Armory, Saturday, April 16, 1932 PAGEANT: "ROMANTIC GEORGE WASHINGTON Receipts of Pageant (1932): 1. Complimentary tickets: Singers is Chorus ......... .......... 633 Participants in Pageant ..............2 34 Parents of participants in Pageant ..... 179 Entries for track events .............. 120 Jackson Jr. Hi. Gym. Class ...........S O0 Principals and Teachers .............. 96 1347 2. Advance sale to pupil: .................. 795 Ca 3. Advance sale to adults .................. 645 @ 4. General admission to pupils .............. 201 @ 5. General admission to'adults .............. 254 @ 6. Rental of selling privilege.............. 20c 30c 25c 40c $159.00 193.50 50.25 101.60 12.00 TOTAL ATTENDANCE ........... 3242 TOTAL RECEIPTS.................... Erpenses of Pageant (1932): 1. Advertisements and Printing: 1. Louisville Leader ads ............ 8.00 2. Ky. Reorter ad-puiblicity ........ 10.00 3. Democratic Voice-ads .......... 7.50 4. England's Press, 3000 tickes. 6.00 5. England's Press, handbills and placards ....... ............... 8.50 6. Max Sheppard, signs ............ 12.75 7. Mimeographed programs ......... 5.00 8. Payment on printed programs .... 4.00 . $516.35 $61.75 II. Armory chair rental, decorations, stage, cleaning building, lights, amplifer and janitor service. . . $45.00 III. Program Expense: 1. Purdue's Orchestra (11 men) ....$57.50 2. Piano rental and damage ........ 9.80 3. Printing of pageant songs .. ... '7.50 4. Music, c/o R. L. Carpenter ...... 10.50 5. T. E. Bullock, Asst's expense .... 5.00 6. Elizabeth Bolan, ticket clerk .... 2.00 7. Carrie Mae Smith, ticket clerk .... 2.00 8. Ticket takers: Messrs. Phelps 16 Hightower, Shaefer and Williams.... 6.00 9. Watchmen, Messrs. Dunaan and Green ........................... 2.00 10. Juluius Dickerson, 2 weeks work on Walking Contest training at schools. . 20.00 $122.30 1V. Costumes and Supplies: 1. Herman Straus Co.-Pageant Goods ........................ $55.78 2. Central School Supply Co.-Crepe Paper .......................... 12.08 ***3. Car-h to principals for goods etc. 19.20 4. Slack Mfg. Co.-Paper Hats ..... 2.19 5. Kuprion-rental of costumes ....5 .50 6. Blanks for track meet .......... 0 .0 7. Ribbons for Track oficials, etc ....... 1.30 $96.55 GRAND TOTAL OF EXPENSE .325.50 NET BALANCE.... 190.75 $516.30 ***iCash to principals, or schools for costumes: 1. Mrs. Nora Payne, (Talbert)................... ... $ 3.50 2. Miss Pauline Hayes (Lincoln) .2.80 3. Mrs. L. B. Sneed (Wheatley).. . 4. Miss Nannie Board (Central) .4.60 5. Miss Maude Morris (Jackson Jr. Hi).............. 6.00 6. Miss Lavinia Neal (Madison Jr. Hi) .1.80 $19.20 NOTICE: Since the compilation of the 1932 K. N. E. A. financial report fifty dollars was donated by the Louisville Convention and Publicity League, same replacing the amount paid for our medting place. This enabled the K. N. E. A. to pay its affiliation fee to the National Association of Teachers in Colored Schools and to make an- other payment to Prof. Fouse on his expense account to the '1930 meeting of the N. A. T. C. S. at Petersburg, Virginia. 17 1932 K. N. E. A. Membership by Statistics include both city an( rural schools in the counties. Th rural teachers of each count~ starred enrolled 100 %, any dis crepency in per cent being du mainly to non-enrollment of som of the city teachers of the county 'lhese county teachers are on thi Honor Roll. No. En. *Adair .... 14 14 Allen...... 5 1 *Anderson.. 4 4 Ballard. .. ... 6 0 *Baxren ... 15 15 B.t-i.. 8 0 Bell.. 18 7 Boone .. 4 0 Bourbon ....28 17 Boyd .. 7 0 Boyle.. 17 '5 *Bracken ..2 2 Breathitt ... 1 0 Breckinridge 10 5 *Bullitt..... 2 2 Butler...... 3 0 Caldwell. .. 13 3 Calloway .... 7 0 Campbell ... 4 0 Carlisle.... 3 0 Carroll.... 2 1 Carter.... 1 0 Casey.... 2 0 *Christain. 80 52 Clark ... 20 16 Clay .....3 0 Clinton.. 1. 0 Crittendon ..2 1 *Cumberland 8 8 *Daviess ... 25 2 5 Edm onson ..3 1 *Estell.... 1 1 Fayette .... 92 88 Flerming .... 4 0 Floyd .... 5 0 *Frankli, ..43 45 Pei 10( 2( 100 0 100 0 41 0 61 0 88 100 0 50 100 0 23 0 .0 0 50 0 0 65 80 0 0 50 100 100 33 100 96 0 0 105 d ]Uitoil. 1.3... 13 Gallatin .... 2 Y Garrard ... 10 *Grant. 1 Graves .... 19 *Grayson .. .1 * Green .... 10 Greenup .... 1 Hancock .... 2 *Hardin ... 10 Harlan .... 29 Harrison ... . 9 Hart .......9 Henderson .37 Henry ...... 7 Hickman .... 8 Hopkins ... 32 *Jefferson 299 *Jessamine .14. Kenton .... 26 Knott .......2 *Knox ...4...4 Larue ...... 6 Laurel ...... 3 Lawrence ... 1 Lee ........1 Leslie......I Letcfler ..... 9 Lewis ...... 1 Lincoln .... 10 Livinigstone ..3 Logan .... 31 *Lyon ...... 4 Madison ... 33 Magoffin ...3 Marion .... 10 *Mason .... 17 *McCracken 57 MeCreary . .. 1 Meade ......6 McLean .....3 Menifee .... 1 'Mercer . . 12 Metcalf ..... 7 Monroe . 7... 7 Maontg meryl7 *Muhl'nberg 22 18 Counties 3 23 0 0 7 70 1 100 9 47 1 100 10 100 0 0 1 50 10 100 6 21 7 77 o 0 20 54 6 85 6 75 11 84 267 89 14 100 22 85 0 0 4 100 1 16 1 33 0 0 0 0 o 0 0 0 0 0 6 60 0 0 12 40 4 100 10 30 0 0 6 60 17 100 57 100 o 0 2 33 0 0 0 0 12 100 0 0 2 30 17 60 19 86 Nelson ... 18 *Nicholas .. .4 *Ohio .... 5 Oldham .....6 Owen... 4 Owsley. 1 Pendleton .. .I Perry .... 17 Pike.... 7 Powell ....... 3 *Pulaski .... 7 Robertson ... .1 Rockeastle . .1 Russell.. 2 *Scott .... 18 *Shelby .... 25 *Simpson .. 12 *S~pencer .. .4 Taylor .... 8 Todd .... 20 Trigg .... 17 *Union .... 10 Warren ... 34 *Wash'ton -10 13 4, 5 3 3 0 0 3 1 .0 7 0 0 0 18 20 12 4 3 5 1 10 18 10 72 100 100 60 75 0 0 0 17 14 0 100 0 0 0 100 80 100 100 37 25 6 100 53 100 *Wayne .... 4 Webster ... 19 Whitley .... 4 Woodford . .16 4 100 8 42 '0 f0 13 81 Total for State 1550 1052 69 NOTE-Counties not listed have no colored teachers in them. The number of teachers in a few of the counties have changed since the compilation of this report. Mr. L. N. Taylor at the State Dee. partment of Education reports a total of 1460 colored teachers lor all of the counties, this number not including teachers in private schools or colleges. The above number 1550, represents a ll coloied teachers in Kentucky. Can we not increase our per cent of enrollment for 1932-33? Atwood S. Wilson, Secretary of K. N. E. A. 19 URGE YOUR FRIENDS TO SUBSCRIBE TO THE K. N. E. A. JOURNAL AND TO JOIN THE K. N. E. A. No Kentucky Teacher Should Fail to Enroll SEND ONE DOLLAR To A. S. WILSON, Secretary 1925 W. Madison Street, Louisville, Ky. WHEN IN LOUISVILLE VtSIT THE LYRIC THEATRE 601 W. Walnut Street The race's most beautiful theater. The Home of First Run Pictures Finest Accommodaitions. Artistic Lighting Effects R. L. Ransaw, Manager 1 ONE HUNDRED PER CENT CITY SCHOOLS The following schools sent in records enrolling their respective faculties 100 per cent in the K. N. E. A. for 1932 and are on the Honor Roll. LGcuisvilie Schools Louisville N-ormai Central High Madison Junior High Benj. Banrncker Paul Dunbar Fred. Doulass Highland Park Lincoln G. G. Moore Parkland M. B. Talbert S. C. Taylor Twenty-ninth Street Western Phyllis Wheatley Wilson Street Charles Young Lexington Schools Paul Dunbar Douglas High Russell Junior Constitution B. T. Washington Paducah Schools Lincoln High Lincoln Graded Garfield Elementary Owensboro Schools Western High Dunbar Bowling Green Covington Cynthiana Danville Earlington Franklin Elizabethtown Elkton Frankfort Franklin Georgetown Glasgow Greenville Harro dcburg Henderson Hickman Fulton Lebanon Mayfield Maysville Middlesboro Mt. Sterling (C. T.) Nicholsville Paris Providence Richmond Russellville Shelbyville Stanford Versailles Winch i3ter The following State Insttitutions also enrolled 100 per cent and are on the Honor Roll: (1) West Kentucky Industrial College, Padu- cah, (2) Kentucky State Industrial College, Frankfort (3) Louisville Municipal College, Louisville, and (4) Kentucky School for the Blind, Louisville. Office-City 5171; Main 9633; -Res. Shawnee 3344 A. B. RIDLEY FUNERAL DIRECTOR AND EMBALMER PRIVATE AMBULANCE 1024 W. Walnut Street Louisville, Ky. 20 The First, Last, and Greatest of Schoolroom Problems William A. Cook, Professor of Education University of Cis cinnati (Address delivered at the 1932 K. N. E .A. Convention) The first, last, and greatest of schoolroom problems is none other than the timeworn one of %iJs- cipline. Discipline is the first of schoolroom problems, because it appears immediately when the teacher stands in the presence of his school. At the con.usion of a long line of hurdles, vonsisting of schooling, examination, certi- fication, application for a position, and interviewing board members, thei; teacher on the first day 'stands with dramatic suddenness in the presence of his1 school. The first half day, sometimes the first half hour, may "make or break" him in a new situation. Discipline is the last of school- room problems, because no teacher becomes so experienced or sue- cessfu 1 that he can assume that for him no such problem exists. Teachers failing in one situation succeed in another for the rea- son that they apply to the second situation their helpful experience in the firs'; but the teacher who succeeds in one situation may fail in the next, because disciplinary conditions are more difficult, or merely different, in the second situation. The wise teacher is not lulled into a sense of security by past success; instead he forms the habit of taking inventories period- ically of the conditions in his school room, in orier tt sense the beginning of attitudes or ten dencies which are unhealthy. Discipline is the greatest of schoolroom problem, because it produces more failures than any, other- single cause. This was proven some years ago by a study of the causes of failure in city systems of twenty to forty thou- sand population. A study of that kind, however, does not re- veal the full truth,. for teachers in such city systems are usually required to possess a year or two of experience before their appli- cation can be considered. But a year or so of experience, if what we have already said is at all true, wil. weed out all teachers con- spicuously weak in discipline. To learn the real number of failures traceable to poor discipline it would be necessary to study the causes of failure among the in- experienced. It is the writers firm belief that if one takes all beginners into consideration, dis- cipline will be found to produce more failures than all other causes combined. In spite of its importance, the problem of discipline has been sadly neglected until very recent years in both training courses and books for teachers. It has appar- ently been regarded as an ugly matter which is best treated by silence. But silence or neglect can solve no really serious ques- tion. It may be that the fallacious idea that the principal is respon- sible for discipline is part of the excuse for this neglect. Yet we know that many tens of thou- sands of teachers are employed in I1 one-room schools, and must their own principals. Possibly neglect of discipli comes from a conviction that goo disciplinarians are born, not mad and that if there is weakness, ' is just too bad." It is doubtle true that teachers are born, no made, but the natural-born suppi is insufficient for the demand hence we have gone into the bus; ness of making teachers by trait ing, and the possibility of so doin, is generally conceded. Disciplinaz ability is no doubt very difficul to develop, so difficult that un questionably a principal would pre fer to learn that one of hi teachers was short on almost an: other qualification, except serious moral delinquency, than to learn that he had engaged a teacher who had no disciplinary control. The writer, however, must re- fuse to align himself with those who take a pessimistic attitude toward the possibility of develop- ing disciplinary power. He be- lieves that it is developed by ex- perience. He believes moreover that principals of insight can bring about such experiences as will facilitate the development of disciplinary power. He holds that suggestions can be given for deal- ing with disciplinary situations with almost the same certainty that subject matter can be impart- ed in a distant training institu- tion, to equip one to meet a con- crete schoolroom situation. In short he would maintain that the gist of disciplinary success can be stated in the form of a few rather elementary principles. some three of which he will discuss briefly. I. One fundamental principle be of success in schoolroom control has already been referred to. It ie is the principle of self-responsibi- od lity. It may be summed up in e the brief dogma, "Do it yourself." ,it The young teacher is most prone Bs to throw her burden on the office )t if one is handy. Nothing is ly simpler than to tell a child to go I; to the principal's office, and noth- 3i- ing in many cases could be less k- effective. g Such a practice is often the r beginning of misunderstanding t and friction between the teacher - and the principal The teacher - sends a child to the office for a purely minor offense. The prin- ycipal tries to learn the facts from the child. This he is in a poor position to do without consulting * the teacher. The child certainly tends to tell much less than the truth. Perhaps it is a youngster with a good past record. What more natural than 'hat the prin- cipal tend to dismiss the affair as a minor one, administering mild verbal reproof? The sequel is usually unfor- tunate. If the child has any dis- position to mistreat his teacher, it is aggravated. The child tells his experience to eagerly inquiring fellows, and the effect on them is bad. The teacher learns what hap- pened and complains that "the of- fice does not sustain teachers." The principal learns the facts in full, and concludes that "this teacher does not know how to handle cases." Let us suppose a different case, in which t h e teacher frankly recognizes that the superior per- sonality of a principal for dis- ciplinary ends is quite limited phy- sically, and cannot reach from his 22 office to all the rooms of the school. If the principals en- trance to a room results in an im- mediate rise in its disciplinary standard, that standard lapses at once to the teacher's lower standard when the principal leaves the room. The teacher must in- terpret and enforce the standard for his own room beyond question. This does not mean the prin- cipal can be of no assistance to his teachers in the matter; he can be of great assistance. How? When an unsatisfactory situation arises, it is the teacher's first duty to exhaust his own initiative in meet- ing it, by using all proper dis- ciplinary means. When the teacher has reached the end of his re- sources, it is time for him to send himself to the office, to give an account of the entire affair, and to solicit the suggestions of the principal.. The teacher then re- turns to his room to try out these additional suggestions. Frequent- ly they will bring success. If they do not, it will then be necessary to send the pupil to the office. When the pupil enters the office this time, the principal is privy to the whole series of events.- The teacher has kept him informed. He inquires from the pupil the reason of his. coming. The pupil may suffer failing memory, but the principal asks leading ques- tions which elicit the full body of embarrassing information. He knows that he is dealing with a hardened offender. He has a basis for action, and he will make it as drastic as in his opinion is justi- fied by the chain of cumulative circumstances. The child leaves the office in no wood to carry his aggressions farther. His inquir- ing fellows worm the story out of him, and decide to take no chances. The teacher notes the favorable effect on all, and com- pliments himself rightly on the fine cooperation the office is extend- ing. He deserves this co-opera- tion, for he has perfformed his own part. II. A second principle of suc- cees in discipline is confidence. It may be summed up in the im- perative, "Believe !" This prin- ciple must be viewed from two points of view,-those of the teacher and of the pupils. From the standpoint of the teacher the principle enjoins, "Believe in yourself," and in your ability to meet the situation. He who thinks that a lack of con- fidence in himself is hidden from his pupils lives in a fool's paradise. He is dealing with intelligent be- ings persons who despite their immaturity are of several years experience in reading character. They know the signs of fear and indecision in manner or facial ex- pression. It is to read this secret that their young eyes cover one so searchingly. The teacher of inexperience may ask, "How can I have confidence with this group of thirty, even forty or more, against my one poor self? The conflict is too un- equal. They overwhelm me." But, teacher, your argument is in error. Physically you may be one, yet morally you are many. You rep- resent the force of the whole edu- cational machinery,-principal, su- perintendent, board of education. You are in common law in loco parentis -while the child is in school. Hence you have all the power generally speaking of the 23 parents of the community. Your authority through your certificate to teach is derived from a law of the state, and you are captain in charge of an enterprise backed by the law and by the wealth of the e'ntire state. In short, teacher, you are the mighty representative of organized society in this school- room. You do not lack power; rather you have oceans of it, so much as to make you almost shud- der lest you misuse it in some manner or degree. From the standpoint of the pupils the principle of confidence may be expressed in this form: "Believe in your pupils," and in their good intentions and fairness. Is this granting too much to the pupils? Surely it is granting no more to them than under the Golden Rule we wish to have granted to ourselves. But is such cofidence justified? After thirty years of teaching the writer an- swers with all sincerity in the af- firmative. It is indeed an unusual achoeolroom in which ninety to ninety-five per cent of the upils are not ready to go to the good, if conditions are created favorable for them to go to the good; at the same time it is true that in most schoolrooms about hael the pupils will go to the bad, so to speak, if conditions obtain there which are favorable to doing wrong. We do not hold that a teacher should believe in his pupils merely because an overwhelming majority of them are willing to do th-e right, (but also because the moment they feel that such trust is placed in them, a bond almost of steel grips the great body of them to rightness of conduct, that very rightness of conduct which the teacher daily expounds and prac- tices in relation to his pupils. It is no secret to grown people that the opportunities for. doing wrong and getting away with it are galore. Much of the reason why we do as well as we do is be- cause of the confidence and ex- pectation of us by others. We do the right and refrain from the wrong because our family and our friends expect just that from us. We could not bear to disappoint them. When we were but chil- dren their presence and mute signs or look of approval or dis- approval held us in line. When we became grown, the touch of their influence abode with us though they were 'far away. Time may transport them to another world, but their direction still is felt. Such a tremendous development occupies long years, decades, but it begins in the life of a little child. The teacher must recognize and capitalize it, as parents have begun to do before the child even goes to schooL III. Third of the principles which will be developed is that of delayed action. Put in lal cate- gorical form it might read, "Don't hurry." Looking back over an ex- tended period of experience, most teachers will agree that few situa- tions in their teaching career de- mand summary -action in respect to either deciding or inflicting a penalty. The essential is that an offender shall be informed that his action is known and is definith.- ly under consideration. This it would be wiell to tell him plainly, but privately. Courts lose no time in indicting a citizen under a cloud, perhaps they isolate him from his fellows in a measure, but 24 they do not rush him to trial at once under Excitement and pas- sion. The teacher can profit by their example. It is easy to see the conie- quences of delay. It insures cool- ness on the nart of the teacher. If he felt temper at first, that condition passes. 'Surely in judging and executing he ought to be calm and dispassionate. It may also happen that addi- tional evidence will in the mean- time come ito the teacher, to render his decision more safe and sane. The writer knew of one case in which a new teacher slap- ped a pupil for making a face at him, not having yet discovered that this poor child was unable to control the muscles of his face. Delay has the further advantage of improving the pupil's attitude. He comes to' view his action in a fairer, more disinterested light. He even attains that condition of mind in which the question of a right settlement can ibe put to him, with the prospect that he can nmake valuable suggestion for preven- tion of the recurrence of she trouble. For our own moral de- velopment it is quite essential that we see and recognize ourselves as being in the wrong. Unless that is the case, we are likely to prove rebellious to discipline, at least in spirit. Delay a}_o has the virtue -f permitting the teacher in diffietilt cases to seek outside counsel. His fellow teachers, his principal, his superintendent, the child's par- ent, all can be consulted and can make their contributions. Thus it would appear that delayed ac- tion puts everyone more fully in possession of the facts, and places thsm in a -better framc: of mind for arriving at an impartial judg- men t. Let it not be understood that the writer is proposing that type of delay which has caused Amer- ican courts to fall into disrespect with millions of citizens,-delay which permits evidence to be des- troyed, witnesses to Tbe intimid- ated, and officials to be bribed. Delay ml u Is t never be confused with uncertainty. It must not be so long that any will begin to question whether "the teacher is going to do anything about it." Two or three days at the outside should be long enough to serve the purposes that have been advanced. Though the writer has frequent- Zy in teaching tried the principle of delay, he learned it from his mother, who never taught, but who was a wise parent and gover- ness. She was instant in calling attention to what she felt was a transgression, but in the. busy life of a mother of the earlier gerera- tion she said she had not time to act at once. As she went busily on at her work her son, bothered by a growing sense of 'guilt and inevitable consequences, often ap- proached her and asked if she were not ready to act now. "Not yet," she would say, but ordinarily before the day was over, the debt was paid. When that time came, both were in the right frame of mind. Mother never punished in anger. If it seemed to be a case in which "birch" was virtuous, mother step- ped to one of those maples which were planted about the same time as her son, pulled off a twig, trimmed it up briskly, and said, "Now, Willie, I am ready." She 25 took her child by one hand, and ke circled briskly about her under the stimulus. When it seemed to him that he could not stand it much longer, she was about half through, and the fastest half was still to come. The physical sting died quickly, but there was no sting at all in the soul. The lad had been punished physically for only a moment, so the pain for both parties did not last long. But he had been under discipline near- ly all day, and that fact he did not forget for a number of days to come. This illustration, of course, does not argue that children should be frequently whipped at home or at school, any more than it argues that a twig is better than a strap or hose lor tfe purpose. It Is given solely to show the effect of delay. Perhaps most readers of this can point to cases in which teachers have made serious mis- takes by precipitate action. Can you point to one in which delayed action led to a serious mistake? LOUISVILLE MUNICIPAL COL- LEGE REPORTS GROWTH Dr. Rufus E. Clement, dean of the only four-year liberal arts college in America for Negroes, is pleased with the growth of the Louisville Municipal c o 1 1 e g e. Since its beginning in February, 1931, the enrollment has increas- ed over 100 per cent, a night school has been added, new courses in all the departments have greatly broadened the cur- riculum. Besides, no effort has been spared ito procure the best instructors for the faculty. Two additions were inmae to the facul- ty for the present school year- Miss Hazel E. Browne, B. A.,, M. A., of the University of Bans", and Miss Elnora McIntyre of Hloward University and Hampton. Miss Browne was awarded the Phi Beta Kappa key by her alma mater for excellent scholarship. She has spent one year abroad at the University of Berlin. Miss Browne is instructor in German and English and also counselor for young ladies. Miss Elnora McIntyre of Louisville has been added to the library staff. Miss McIntyre received the B. A. de- gree from Howard University and took her degree in library science at Hampton. She has had wide experience in the library at Howard, the Atlantic City public library and the Central High school library in Louisville. The enrollment in the college is 25 per cent above that of last year. The evening school is conducting classes on Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings from 6 P. M. to 9 P. M. Atwood S. Wilson, a graduate of Fisk University and the University of Chicago has been added to the faculty of the evening school. A number of Louisville city teachers have en- rolled in the evening school. 26 DONATED A Friend of Education Louisville, Ky. New President at Lincoln Institute of Kentucky Lincoln Institute opened its doors on September 14, under the leadership of its new president, Randle Bond Truett. President Truett received his undergraduate training in the University of Cali- fornia at Los Angeles. He con- tinued his studies at the Univer- sity of Southern California, re- ceiving the Master of Arts degree in 1928. The following y e a r he entered Vanderbilt University RANDLE BOND TRUETT .. President of Lincoln Institute where he pursued a course leading to the Ph. D. degree. Mr. Truett was a Teaching Fellow in History at Vanderbilt University for the year 1928-29 and an assistant in History in the same institution for the year 1929-S0. For the next two years he was instructor in the Department of History and Political Science at the University of Louisville. There have been a few changes orn the faculty of the Institute. Mrs.. Myrtle White Morton, a graduate of Fisk and Indiana Uni- versities has been installed as Dean of Women. Mr. G. P. Sum- mers, a graduate of the Univer- sity of Kentucky has been select- ed to head the Agriculture De- partment. Mr. M. D. Parkar, a graduate of Hampton Institute has been selected to head the De- partment of Woodworking. Mr. L. H. Lawson, a graduate of Fisk, has 'been placed in charge of athletics. Mr. Lawson also teaches in the high school. Mrs. Truett, a graduate of Louisville Normal School and a student of Professor Victor H. Rudolf and Miss Sarah McConathy of the Louisville Con- servatory of Music, has been placed in charge of Music. Lincoln Institute is dedicated to the building of character and the education of the Colored Youth. A school situated as this school is, on a 450 acre farm, is well-fitted to train the youth that comes un- der its jurisdi .Itlon. The High School has various vocational fields: Agric'iitare, Woodwotk- ing, Engineering and Home Ec:3- nomic, in which the students may specialize. The work in the De- partments mayr be continued in the Junior College. In addition to the vocational training, courses are also offered leading up to the "College Elementary Certificate." A very careful study of Negro 27 education in Kentucky has been completed by the Bureau of School Service of the University of Kentucky, which recommended that Lincoln Institute modify its policy to emphasize vocational training for the Negro youth while still maintaining sufficient cultural and academic studies to give the proper that these boys more effectively in society. balance in order and girls may fill their places K. N. E. A. Kullings Mr. Douglas Reid, a graduate of Wilbertorce University and Miss Minnie Alta Taylor, a grad- uate of Fisk University have beeq added to the faculty of Cential High School at Louisville. * * * * Mr. H. C. Russell is now the registrar at the Kentucky State Industrial Cellege at Frankfort. President H. B. Atwood tof K. S. I. C. reports a very successful opening for the school. The stu- dent body is up to the standard and the institution receiving the heartiest support of the state sa- perintendent, governor and ts many patrons. The record of the football team at the opening of the season indicates that Kentucky is likely to produce a contender for the national championship in football among colored colleges. A resolution expressing confi- dence in the integrity and ability of D. H. Anderson, president of the West Kentuc1ky Industrial College and in the board of trus- tees, was adopted by a group of business men and civic leaders in the Board of Trade offices at Paducah on October 14, 1932. Mr. of the been Robert Lawery, a graduate University of Indiana, has added to the faculty of Madison Junior Louisville. High School in Prof. P. Moore at Paris under- took with success a project during the first week of school in which the parents of the children visited the school and were given special guidance in tne matter of supply- ing the children with books and getting better acquainted with the prow am of the school. ** * e* Prof. E. E. Reed, formerly principal at Winchester, is now on the iaculty of the State Teach- ers College at Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Nearly all of the Louisville teachers have qualified for state certificates. A few remain who are working to obtain the neces- sary credits. Atwood S. Wilson, secretary of the K. E. N. A., was one of the summer school faculty members at the Louisville Municipal Col- lege. He is also an instructor in education in evening classes . o' * * * Prof. R. I. Pleasant is now principal of the colored city school at Morganfield. During September, 1932, Mor- r]1 Brown University celebrated 28 its fiftieth anniversary. Dr. R. E. Clement, dean of the Louisville Municipal College was one of the chief speakers. He was formerly dean of that institution. ** * * On Sunday, October 9, 1932, tnere was an unveiling of a re- cently presented portrait of Abra- ham Lincoln on the campus of Lincoln Institute of Kentucky. The portrait is valued at one thousand dollars and i, a gift of the painter, Samuel R. McDowell. The newly elected president, Randle B. Truett and Dr. Ray- mond A. Kent, pfresident of the University *of Louisville, were the main speakers on the program. Miss Maude E. Brown, a teacher in tne Central High School of Louisville, attended the Boule of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority at Los Angeles, California, the past summer. She is the Supreme Basileus of. that organizaticn, a distinctive honor. Tfie Boys' Chorus of the Georgia G. Moore school of Louisville sang Saturday morning at the 1932 general session of the K. E. A. at the Columbia Auditorium. Their program was' enjoyed and highly complimented. WMr. Jesse Baird of Berea College asked for the words and music of the song "This Train." Dr. Peckstein of Cincinnati and other educators -spoke well of their program. Miss Mabel L. Coleman is the progressive prin- cipal of that school. * * ** The Fourth District Teacher's Assoziation reported a well plan- ned meetino at Hardinsburg for October 21, 1932. Officers of this association are: president; G. W. sident; Mrs. E. tary; Miss Sadie sistant secretary, ley, treasurer. R. L. Dowery, Adams, vice-pre- G. Clark, secre- L. Jackson, as- and Amos Las- The new Lincoln-Grant school at !C Jvington, Kentucky has one of the best tbuildings in the state tor colored youth. The building and equipment cost$320,000. Re- cently, a picture of the building and some of the interior views ap- peared in the Kentucky Progress magazine. Prof. H. R. Merry is the p; incipal of this school. The fac- culty always enrolls 100 per cent in the K. N. E. A. Mrs. Lavinia Sneed, principal of the Phyllis Wheatley School, for- merly a teacher at Simmons U.ii- veri--ity and in the Public Schools in Indianapolis, Indiana, a loyal meilbfer of the K. N. E. A., and a leading Negro woman in Kentucky, died during the summer of 1932. The pupils of the eighth grade of the Moyo-Underwood High School at Frankfort, Kentucky under the direction of their teachers ma ie a visit in Louisville, Kentucky Thursday November 10, 1932 aad thoroughly inspected the Madison Junior High School. They report- ed a very enjoyable and profitable visit. * e* ** Prof. I. W. St.!Clair is now su- perviling principal of the Virginia Avenue, Phyllis Wheatly and Park- land Schools in Louisville, Ken- tucky. Prof. St. Clair is a grad- uate of Fisk University and the University of Indiana. 29 1932 Rosenwald Day in Kentucky (Summary of Reports Returned Trs. 1 1 11 4 3 1 10! 15 1 10 5 2 5 4 1 2 1 3 9 4 7 8 8 4 2 3 3 3 2 5 4 5 2 7 7 Enr. 1 22 470 225 119 37 350 360 26 323 135 93 137 162 45 71 46 147 3147 152 212 233 303 147 70 120 103 62 36 238 152 135 102 290 272 County Schools Adair......... 1 Boone ..........1 Boyle......... 1 Barren ......... 1 Christian ......... 2 Crittenden ........ I Fayette ......... 2 Franklin ......... 1 Grant ......... 1 Graves ......... 2 Hardin ......... 1 Harlan ......... 1 Henderson ........ 5 Henry ......... 2 Hopkins ..........1 Jefferson ......... 2 Lincoln ..........1 Logan ......... 3 McCracken ........ 1 Marion ......... 1 iMereer .......... 1 Montgomery ...... 1 Muhlenberg ....... 4 Nelson ......... 1 Nicholas ......... 1 Ohio ........ 1. Owen ..........1 Perry ..........1 Shelby ......... 2 Simpson ......... 1 Todd .......... 1 Trigg . ......... 1 Warren ......... 1 Webster ......... 1 Woodford ......... 1 Totals by Teachers) Pres. at Good meeting . Bldg. 31 40 1 296 118 104 361 450 26 475 184 129 175 150 73 83 37 223 360 175 446 266 311 275 77 155 120 80 50 208 163 150 25 320 250 50 163 5773 6881 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 Poor Bldg. I I 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 35 12 Only fifty sEchools in thirty-five counties made report. These fifty schools were taught by 163 teachers with enrollment of 5773 children. These fifty meetings were attended by 6881 citizens. Thirty-five of the fifty buildings are: tinctly poor. Twenty four report the twenty-eight new buildings needed. Only grounds decorated by trees and shruibs. 30 reported good, twelve as dis- !need of consolidations, and eighteen report their school Why can't most .of our schools observe Rosenwald Day? Prabably they did. Why did they not report it? They do in other states. Why do sixty four per cent of our schoolk have no trees and schrubs .to make the school grounds attractive? The teacher and stu- dents can make school life better by making the school room and the school grounds attractive. L. N. TAYLOR, Rural School Agent for Kentucky School Libraries Reported By the State Library Commission Miss Lena B. Nofeier and Miss Mary MeNeely, of the Kentucky Library Commission, Frankfort, Kentucky, have reported visitation of the following school libraries aided by the Julius Rosenwald Fund. School Bera Buck Creek Carrollton Drakesboro Elizaibethtown Greenville Harlan Hazard Lynch Mayfield Murray New Liberty Richmond Scottsville Shelbyville Vieco Principal Robt. Blythe Beatrice Boyle Bessie Whittake: Ada E. Hollowa~ R. L. Dowery C. L. Timberlak W. M. Wood Carl Walker P. W. Williams J. B. Cooper S. E. Dean Daisy Hutchinsoi P. L. Guthrie Laura Allison R. D. Roman A. D. Puryear Teachers Pupils 3 110 1 57 r 1 32 y 5 245 5 135 e 5 153 4 216 -4 188 12 4,55 9 308 5 200 I 3 100 15 391 2 78 6 252 3 62 Most of the above libraries were reported to be in good cndition. Teachers serve as the librarians and in most cases books are loaned to the community. It is desirable that there be a teacher-librarian in charge of the library service. A student librarian may ibe helpful as assistant in loaning, charging, and library record work. The favorite loan period seems to be one week, but several schools loan for two week period. Charges for keeping books out over time range from nothing to five cents a day. Probably one cent a day is, a s fe rule. Provision should be made to, loan books to people of the community who are not students in school. It is desirable to give honors, credits, prizes or distinc- tions of some kind to stimulate liberal reading by the students. The 1-ooks should be classified by elementary grades and by high school subject matter, and students of each grade should (be expected to read a number of library books, say five or more. Students ir'y read bcooks classified below their grade, but not above their grade. L. N. TAYLOR, State Dept. of Education. 31 Books 405 155 195 241 140 241 228 250 822 155 86 166 740 155 31 5 344 LETTER Brown's & PRINT SHOPPE The Home of Mimeograph Letters PRINTERS FOR PEOPLE WHO CARE Reasonable-Efficient-Prompt Our Phone-City 2474 1012 West Chestnut Street LOUISVILLE, KY. Home of Brown's Commercial School 32 I Confidential Dealings Phone Main 2053 LOANS F. R. POOLEY 405 Fourth Street, Near Liberty Room 207, Second Floor Courier-Journal Building EntL ance next to Will Sales Louisville, Ky. PROTECT YOUR SALARY Noah was a wise Man-He built the ark before it began to rain. And when it rained it POURED-but he was prepared. You Don't Need an Ark-But you need Accident and Health Tn- ,4urance which can only be bought when IT IS NOT NEEDED. Phonre J. E. PAYTON, City 1367-1368 Specialist in Salary Protection GENERAL AGENT INTER-OCEAN CASUALTY CO. 1233-25 Starks Etdg. Louisville, Ky. WN~e specialize in the best teachers' and professional workers' Accident and Health Policies. They cover all diseases and include quarantine. OUR RATES ARE THE LOWEST. PA' lRONIZE THOSE WHO ADVERTISE IN THE K. N. E. A. JOURNAL I For informaiton write RANDLE BOND TRUETT, President Build Per Your Protection! THE DOMESTIC LIFE AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE CO. LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY West Kentucky Industrial College PADUCAH, KENTUCKY Departments: Education, Science, English, History, Mathematics, Language, Home Economics and Music UP-TlO-DATE FACULTY Made up of Graduates from the Best Colleges and Universities of the Country. For Information, write D. H. ANDELRSON, President. Lincoln Institute of Kentucky LINCOLN RIDGE, KENTUCKY Accredited Junior College. Accredited "A" class high school. Teacher Training Courses approved for certification by Ken- tucky Department of Education. Vocational training in Agriculture, Engineering, Woodwork- ing, Home Economics and Stenography. WellRTrained Faculty. I