You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal Kentucky Negro Educational Association 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2003 kneav7n2 These pages may freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal Kentucky Negro Educational Association Kentucky Negro Educational Association Louisville, Kentucky January-February 1937 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Volume 7 January-Febuary, 1937 No. 2 SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT ISSUE Rosenwald Day-Friday, March 12, 1937 Southern Office of MR. S. L. SMITH, Director Rosenwald Funad Friend to the Education of the Negro "An Equal Educational Opportunitp for Everp Kentuckp Child" Hi It AI l I,I I i S S S S z 5-- 22FWA, WNI IRI ,^. __ _.- - --- ----- ----- -- .,Lu zI I I I I F A tLINCO-LN| S 0 I NSTI TUTE __I -KENUK Linc oln I~IA~.Rid ge |_ : ,, XKentucky OFFERING v , AN "A" ACCREDITED HIGH SCHOOL BY THF STATE DE- PARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND -THE SOUTHERN ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGES AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS. - COURSES 0 ACADEMIC COLLEGE PREPARATION MUSIC - AGRICULTURE ENGINEERING -. - CARPENTRY - NATIONAL RED CROSS NURSING': HOME ECONOMICS DEDICATED TO TRAIN -THE HEART, HEAD AND HAND WHITNEY M, YOUNG, PRINCIPAL J. MANSIR TYDINGS, BUSINESS MANAGER, .. -. .- -...1 I I I . -I ,.1 . !..-.-.I li, . 7 i i An Appeal! Our great Commonwealth has been struck by the most serious flood in its history. Three of our largest cities, Louisville, Paducah and Frankfort have been seriously damaged by the raging waters of the Ohio River. Many of our smaller comminities have likewise been ruined. We have had to flee from our homes by the thousands in search of higher ground. Thanks to those dry cities which cooperated so beautifully in caring for those from the unfortunate areas. Word has come to the secretary of the K. N. E. A. of the work done all over the state by our teachers and principals. Our colored school buildings have been our most convenient places of refuge. 'Thanks for our school buildings! Our colleges, K. S. I. C. at Frank- fort, Louisville Municipal College, and Lincoln Institute did all they could to help and deserve commendation. We greatly sympathize with Paducah, the city where our West Kentucky Industrial College is located. Now that the flood waters are receding, let us turn with renewed vigor in rededicating our schools to their purposes. We must push our school beautification contest with more enthusiasm a'nd re-build wherever we can. THE K. N. E. A. MUST GO ON! Our program must be enlarged to meet newer problems. Already about one-fifth of our colored teachers have enrolled for 1937. I am now appealing to every city that was not hit by flood waters to send in at once the enrollment fees of its teachers. This will greatly facilitate matters and let us have a9n idea of our financial status in planning for our 60th Anniversary Convention in Louisville, April 14-17, 1937. Cities in the flooded areas may send in their fees after March 15. President W. S. Blanton joins me in this urgent enrollment plea. ATWOOD WILSON, Secretary of K. N. E. A. The K. N. E. A. Journal Official Organ of the Kentucky Negro Education Association Vol. VII January-February, 1937 No. 2 Published by the Kentucky Negro Education Association Editorial Office at 1925 W. Madison Street Louisville, Kentucky Atwood S. Wilson, Executive Secretary, Louisville; Managing Editor. W. S. Blanton, Frankfort, President of K. N. E. A. BOARD OF DIRECTORS J. L. Bean, Versailles E. T. Buford, Bowling Green R. L. Dowery, Manchester V. K. Perry, Louisville Published Bimonthly during the school year: October, December, February and April PRICE 50 CENTS PER YEAR OR 15 CENTS PER COPY Membership in the K. N. E. A. (One Dollar) includes subscription to the Journal Rates for Advertising space mailed on request Present Circulation, 2,000 Copies. 1936 K. N. E. A. Membership 1,410 CONTENTS Page An Appeal ................................................ 1 K. N. E. A. Committees for 1937 ........ .................... 3 Editorial Comment . ......................................... 5 Outline of 1937 K. N. E. A. Convention ...................... 7 Tentative Program of K. N. E. A. Convention ................... 9 K. N. E. A. Directors Meet in Louisville ...... ................ 12 Negro State Coordinating Committee Organized ..... ......... 13 Honor Roll of K. N. E. A. .......... ........................ 14 The Ideal High School Girl ......... ....................... 15 K. N. E. A. Kullings ....................................... 16 Exhibits at 1937 Convention of K. N. E. A. ...... ............. 17 Convention Announcements ......... ....................... 18 Candidates for Offices ............ ......................... 20 Historical Sketch of Negro Education in Kentucky ............ 21 School Improvement Day Program ....... ................... 25 "Julius Rosenwald: Friend to Humanity" by R. R. Moton ...... 26 The Late Julius Rosenwald (Photograph) ...... .............. 29 Suggestions for Improvement and Beautification of School Plants 30 The School Library ................ ....................... 32 Supplementary Elementary Library List, 1936-37 ................ 35 School Improvement and Beautification Contest ..... ........... 36 Jeanes Teacher List-Kentucky, 1936-37 ...... .............. 36 2 K. N. E. A. Committees for 1937 LEGISLATIVE COMMITTEE J. H. Ingram, Frankfort, ChairmanDean R. E. Clement, Louisville Pres. R. B. Atwood, Frankfort Dr. E. E. Underwood, Frankfort Pres. D. H. Anderson, Paducah Rep. C. W. Anderson, Louisville W. S. Blanton, Pres. of K. N. E. A., Ex-Officio Member NOTE: The duties of the Legislative Committee include recom- mendations for improving the education of the Negro that might be considered by the State Legislature, these recommendations to be sub- mitted to the Governor, members of the educational committee of the State Legislature, and members of the K. E. A. State Legislative Com- mittee. This committee should also be on the alert to see that no legisla- tion is enacted, for the benefit of the school children in Kentucky, which does -not include the Negro child. RESEARCH COMMITTEE Dr. E. A. Norris, Frankfort, Chairman Dr. G. D. Wilson, Louisville W. H. Fouse, Lexington Dean T. R. Dailey, Paducah L. N. Taylor, Frankfort NOTE: The Research Committee should supervise and make scientific studies relative to the improvement of the status of the Negro teachers and pupils in Kentucky. The chief work of this committee at present is to make a study of the inequalities in the salaries of Negro and white teachers Mi Kentucky, with an idea of having the salary schedule operate so as to insure justice to the Negro teacher. RESOLUTIONS COMMITTEE S. L. Barker, Owensboro, Chairman W. H. Perry, Jr., Louisville W. L. Shobe, Middlesboro NOTE: The work of this committee plans the formulation of resolutions that outline the attitude of the Kentucky Negro Educa- tion Association on questions where the interest of Negro education is concerned and where questions that pertain to the social status of the Negro are involved. The committee is to further indorse such move- ments as would pertain to the general social welfare of all people. AUDITING COMMITTEE P. L. Guthrie, Richmond, Chairman M. J. Sleet, Owensboro J. D. Steward, Frankfort NOTE: The duties of this committee consist in reviewing in a thorough manner the books of the secretary-treasurer, noting each monthly bank statement, inspecting the receipt and bill for every ex- pe~nditure listed, and further inspecting the duplicate receipts for all money received by the organization through its secretary-treasurer. This committee is to further review the records and receipts for items in the office expense fund and to inspect the membership cards of teachers for the purpose of checking the enrollment record as printed. 3 NECROLOGY COMMITTEE Rev. J. Francis Wilson, Maceo, Chairman R. L. Dowery, Manchester Mrs. Rebecca Tilley, Shelbyville NOTE: The main duties of this committee consist in the com- piling of names of teachers who have passed since the last meeting and conducting memorial services for them at the 1937 convention. DISTRICT ORGANIZERS (Nominating Committee) W. E. Newsome, Cynthiana, Bluegrass District B, Chairman H. S. Brown, Paducah ............................ First District W. E. Lee, Madisonville ......................... Second District E. T. Buford, Bowling Green ...................... Third District Amos Lasley, Hodgenville . ....................... Fourth District Miss Hattie Daniel, Louisville . .................. Jefferson County Miss N. H. Ward, Newport . ........................ Fifth District Mrs. Theda Van Lowe, Lexington . ........... Bluegrass District J. WV. Bate, Danville ......................... Bluegrass District A W. F. Mudd, Jenkins ........................... Seventh District W. L. Shobe, Middlesboro ......................... Ninth District J. H. Cooper, Ashland ................... Eastern Kentucky District W. M. Wood, Harlan ........ ......... Upper Cumberland District NOTE: The district organizers of the K. N. E. A. are members of the Executive Enrollment Committee. Each organizer is authorized to solicit and encourage memberships in the K. N. E. A. Each or- ganizer is to further serve as the chief officer in the district associa- tion and establish a definite connection between that district associa- tion and the K. N. E. A. This committee also serves as the Nominat- ing Committee at each annual convention. SCHOLARSHIP LOAN FUND COMMITTEE Miss Estella M. Kennedy, Louisville, Chairman Prof. H. S. Osborne, Paris Mrs. Bettie Davis, Georgetown Mrs. M. J. Egester, Paducah Atwood S. Wilson, Louisville Prof. H. R. Merry, Covington (Ex-Officio Member) NOTE: The duties of this committee consist in examining ap- plications for loans from the scholarship fund and passing their judg- ment on the merits of these applications. It is the main duty of this committee to select applicants for loans and recommend them to the secretary-treasurer. COMMITTEE ON RURAL SCHOOL PROBLEMS Mrs. M. L. Copeland, Hopkinsville, Chairman Prof. Wallace Strader, Burlington Prof. Carl M. Burnside, Lancaster Mrs. Theda Van Lowe, Lexington Prof. Frank Orndorff, Adairville NOTE: This committee is to make a study of transportation and consolidation as it affects the Negro children in Kentucky. It is to report whatever progress there is being made along these lines and to suggest places in Kentucky where either consolidation or transporta- tion is needed. This committee is to further report to the Legislative Committee any specific inequalities for educational opportunity that exists among rural children in any of the counties in Kentucky. 4 Editorial Comment ENROLL BY MAIL By January 20, 1937 over three hundred teachers had enrolled in the K. N. E. A. for 1936-37. This illustrates the tendency toward early enrollment. Superintendents and principals are enrolling their teachers in groups. This is an economic procedure and is the best way to be sure that the school or institution is on the Honor Roll. Note in the historical sketch of the K. N. E. A. shown elsewhere in, this- Journal that there has been a steady increase in advance enrollment. The Honor Roll will be published in our various Kentucky weeklies and a special record will be shown at the 1937 convention. All schools in which the teachers enroll 100 per cent will receive Certifi- cates of Honor. Each teacher is expected to pay the annual mem- bership fee (one dollar) regardless of his plans to attend the Louis- ville convention. Each teacher should feel it a professional obligation to maintain the K. N. E. A. DO YOUR PART-ENROLL IN AD- VANCE. * ** * OUR SIXTIETH ANNIVERSARY SESSION There will be held in Louisville from April 14 to 17, 1937, the 61st annual convention of the K. N. E. A. The first convention was held in 1877, and since that time, the K. N. E. A. has had annual meetings. Each year the attendance has steadily grown and member-- ship has increased, except during the period of the war, when the meetings were attended only by the leaders in our various schools.- Even in those years, teachers enrolled on a larger scale than they had- been doing in previous years. It is, therefore, fitting that we pause in 1937 and look back at the 60 years of progress that have been made in the education of the Negro during the years from 1877 to 1937. Elsewhere in this Journal will be shown a historical sketch of Negro education in Kentucky, in! which article mention is made of the continuous growth of the K. N. E. A. and the outstanding educators who have held the office of presi- dent. To be president of the K. N. E. A. is the most distinctive honor that can come to a Negro educator in Kentucky. We, therefore, at our 60th anniversary convention pay tribute to these leaders in the education of our youth and immortalize those who have passed on for their achievements in making possible the progress of Negro education in Kentucky. One of the outstanding features of the 60th anniversary cele- bration will be a pageant at the Armory on Saturday, April 17. The pageant will be titled, "Education Marches On." In this pageant, there will be depicted the progress of the Negro in education from the time that Abraham Lincoln made the Emancipation Proclamation up to the year 1937. In this pageant, the founding of our leading in- stitutions in Kentucky for the education of the Negro will be por- trayed. The progress in curriculum development will be vividly por- trayed and in pantomime, dance, and music the history of Negro edu- cation in Kentucky will be displayed. More than one thousand peo- ple will participate in this pageant and elaborate plans are being made for its presentation. To further celebrate our 60 years of existence, there will be a theme that is vital to the welfare of our race discussed by leading educators of the country. This theme is "Education for Improving the Economic Status of the Negro." Note, in the program plans an- nounced elsewhere in this Journal, the array of speakers who are to appear at our 61st convention. It is hoped that no teacher in Ken- tucky will miss this 60th anniversary convention. On the program mention will also be made of the services of the present secretary- treasurer of the K. N. E. A., the year 1937 being his 15th anniversary in that office. The president and secretary-treasurer, with the ap- proval of the Board of Directors, are making elaborate plans for this celebration and we seek the cooperation of all superintendents, princi- pals and teachers in Kentucky. L. N. TAYLOR Among the most faithful and interested leaders in Kentucky is Mr. L. N. Taylor, State Rural School Agent and a representative of our State Department of Education. Mr. Taylor has a keen interest in the education of the Negro and at every opportunity he seeks to make a reality "an equal educational opportunity for every Ken- tucky child." Space does not permit mention of the specific achievements of Mr. Taylor in correcting inequalities in the education of the Negro. The K. N. E. A., nevertheless, pays tribute to Mr. Taylor for the out- standing work which he has done and wishes him continued success in the noble work to which he is devoting himself. Each year, through the efforts of Mr. Taylor, the Rosenwald Fund cooperates with him and the State Department of Education in the publishing of a School Improvement Issue of the K. N. E. A. Journal. This issue of the K. N. E. A. Journal is sponsored to a large extent by Mr. Taylor and it is because of Mr. Taylor's interest that the K. N. E. A. Journal has been able to grow to its present status. Mr. Taylor is ever interested in articles that would prove beneficial to the colored teacher of Kentucky and is alert and active in his suggestions to the secretary of the K. N. E. A. We appreciate Mr. Taylor's interest and feel greatly the kind influence which he exerts and which he causes to be established in Kentucky relative to the education of the Negro. Negro education will march on with men like Mr. L. N. Taylor as one of its leaders. 6 THE SCHOOL PRINCIPAL The success of the K. N. E. A. depends primarily upon the princi- pals and presidents of our various schools in Kentucky. The principal dof the colored school in our cities in Kentucky is in the main the most outstanding leader among the Negro people. He is everywhere recognized as the leader of Negro teachers in the community or city. Therefore, the influence of the principal is far reaching, as far as teachers and patrons are concerned. What the principal thinks, the teacher will think; what the principal requests, the teacher will do; the attitude of the principal will reflect itself in the attitude of the teacher. In a school where the principal is interested in the K. N. E. A. program, where he is. interested in the matter of advance enroll- ment, that school enrolls one hundred per cent and the teachers are in attendance at the sessions of the K. N. E. A. We, therefore, pay tribute to the principals of our schools and urge that they feel in a larger way their responsibility in pushing an educational program that is beneficial to our youth. Every principal is a vital factor in the progress of the K. N. E. A. and we, therefore, solicit his influence and cooperation to the extent that he will be an enthusiastic supporter of the one organization in Kentucky that pro- -motes the teaching profession among the Negroes. Outline of 1937 K. N. E. A. Convention April 14, 15, 16, 17 Louisville, Kentucky 1877 SIXTIETH ANNIVERSARY SESSION 1937 Central Theme: "Education for Improving the Economic Status of the Negro" Wednesday, April 14 9:00 A.M. Registration of teachers at headquarters .10:00 A. M. Visitation to Louisville Schools 3:00 P. M. First Annual Student Musicale at Quinn Chapel. All teachers invited to this program. 7:00 P. M. Music Recital-Presenting local artists 8:15 P. M. First General Session of K. N. E. A. Adresses by Presi- dent W. S. Blanton and John W. Davis, President of West Virginia State College. Thursday, April 15 9:30 A. M. Second General Session of K. N. E. A. at Quinn Chapel Business Session 10:30 A. M. Address-Hon. A. B. Chandler, Governor of Kentucky 11:15 A.M. Free Picture to enrolled teachers at Lyric Theater 7 2:30 P. M. Sectional Meetings of K. N. E. A. (Music Dept., Ele- mentary Dept., High School and College Dept., Librar- ians' Conference, Adult Education Teachers' Confer- ence, Foreign Language Teachers' Conference, and Pri- mary Teachers' Conference.) 5:00 P. M. Principals' Conference and Banquet-Phyllis Wheatley Y. W. C. A., 528 S. Sixth Street 7:00 P. M. Music Recital-State Artists 8:15 P. M. Third General Session-Addresses by Prof. George Brown, of Wilberforce University, and Dr. Mary Bethune, Ass't. National Director of N. Y. A. Friday, April 16 9:00 A. M. Sectional Meetings of K. N. E. A. (Music Dept., Voca- tional Education Dept., Athletic Dept., Art Teachers' Conference, English Teachers' Conference, Science- Teachers' Conference, Adult Education Teachers' Con- ference, Guidance Workers' Conference, and Librarians' Conference.) 10:30 A.M. Spelling Bee in. Elementary Education Dept. at Quinn Chapel 2:00 P. M. Band Concert-Kentucky School for Blind at Quinn Chapel 2:30 P. M. Fourth General Session at Quinn Chapel-Addresses by Dr. J. M. Bond, Ass't. Director of T.V.A., and Mrs. Willa C. Burch, Pres. N. A. T. C. S. 8:15 P. M. Sixth Annual Musicale-Halleck Hall, Second and Lee- Streets or Quinn Chapel Saturday, April 17 9:30 A. M. Business Session of K. N. E. A. at Central High School Gymnasium 7 .00 P. M. Seventeenth Annual Exhibition at Armory 10:00 P. M. Orchestra Music and Social for Teachers and Visitors at Armory Privilege of Active in the K. N. Membership E. A. 1. The privilege of attending all general sessions of the Association.. 2. The privilege of participating in the departmental sessions. 3. The privilege of speaking and holding office in the Kentucky Negro Educational Association. 4. The privilege of voting and participating in the business affairs of the Association. 5. The privilege of receiving all literature of the Association in- cludi-ng the official publication, The K. N. E. A. Journal. To A. S. WILSON, Secretary, Treasurer 1925 W. Madison Street, Louisville, Ky. 8 Tentative Program of K. N. E. A. Convention OPENING GENERAL SESSION OF K. N. E. A. Wednesday, April 14, at 8:15 P. M. Seated on rostrum: Past Presidents of the K. N. E. A., Officers, and Directors Presiding: H. R. Merry, Vice President of the K. N. E. A., Principal of Lincoln-Grant School, Covington Music: Girls' Glee Club, Central Colored High School, Nannie G. Board, Directress Invocation: Rev. R. C. Ransom, Jr., Pastor of Quinn Chapel A. M. E. Church 8:30 P. M. Welcome from Local Schools-Prof. Henry S. Wilson, Louisville Municipal College, Louisville, Ky. 8:35 P. M. Mrs. Mamie Brock, Secretary of Phyllis Wheatley Col- ored Branch, Y. W. C. A., Louisville, Ky. 8:40 P. M. Response to Welcome: Mrs. E. B. Davis, Principal of Edward Davis High School, Georgetown, Ky. 8:50 P. M. President's Annual Address: "A Proposed Program for the Education of the Negro in Kentucky," W. S. BIan- ton, Principal of Mayo-Underwood School, Frankfort, Ky. Solo-Leila Wiggins Tate 9:30 P. M. Address: "Education and the Economic Status of the Negro," Dr. John W. Davis, President of West Virginia State College. Introduced by Dean H. C. Russell of K. S. I. C., Frankfort 10:20 P. M. Recognition of the Services of Atwood S. Wilson as Secretary-Treasurer of the K. N. E. A. for 15 years- Mrs. M. L. Copeland, Sponsor 10:35 P. M. Announcements-Benediction SECOND GENERAL SESSION Thursday, April 15 at 9:30 A. M. Music by Sixth Grade Chorus-R. L. Carpenter, Directress Mrs. R. E. Cabell, Second Vice President, presiding Invocation: Prof. E. T. Buford, Principal of State Street High School, Bowling Green 9:45 A. M. Report of K. N. E. A. Resolutions Committee, S. L. Barker, Owensboro, Chairman 9:55 A. M. Report of K. N. E. A. Legislative Committee, J. H. In- gram, Frankfort, Chairman 10:05 A. M. Annual Report of Secretary-Treasurer Atwood S. WilI son, Louisville 10:15 A. M. Report of Auditing Committee, Prof. P. L. Guthrie, Richmond, Chairman 10:20 A. M. Address: Hon. A. B. Chandler, Governor of Rentucky 9 11:00 A. M. Report of K. N. E. A. Necrology Committee and Me- morial Exercises-Rev. J. Francis Wilson, Maceo, Chair- man Singing led by Miss R. L. Carpenter 11:15 A. M. Report of Nominating Committee, W. E. Newsome, Cynthiana, Chairman 11:25 A.M. Announcements and Adjournment THIRD GENERAL SESSION Thursday, April 15 at 8:15 P. M. Seated on Rostrum: Presidents of District Associations and District Organizers, W. S. Blanton, President of K. N. E. A., presiding Music-Louisville Choral Club-R. L. Carpenter, Directress, Nannie G. Board, Accompanist Invocation: Rev. W. P. Offutt, Pastor of Calvary Baptist Church, Louisville, Ky. Music-Lincoln Institute-Alene Martin, Directress 8:30 P. M. Address: "Economic Conditions of the Negro in the U-nited States," Prof. George W. Brown, Professor of Education, Wilberforce University, Wilberforce, Ohio, Graduate of Howard University, A. B., Western Re- serve, M. A., Candidate for Ph.D. University of London, 1937. Introduced by Miss Eunice Singleton, Teacher, Madison Junior High School, Louisville, Ky. Solo-Miss Carma Shaw, Elkton, Ky. 9:20 P. M. Address: "New Deal Practices and the Economic Status of the Negro," Mrs. Mary McLeod Bethune, President of Bethune Cookman College; National director of N. Y. A. for Negroes. Introduced by Mr. T. E. Brown, Ass't. N. Y. A. Director in Kentucky 10:00 P. M. Music-Lincolyn Institute Chorus, directed by Mrs. Alene Martin 10:10 P. M.-Announcements and Adjournment FOURTH GENERAL SESSION Friday, April 16 at 2:15 P. M. Music-Band of Kentucky School for the Blind-Otis Eades, Direc- tor (30-minutes program) Presiding: R. B. Atwood, President of K. S. I. C. 2:45 P. M. Music-Madison Jr. High School-Earline Good, Directress 2:50 P. M. Invocation: Rev. M. B. Lanier, President of Simmons University Music-Jackson Jr. High School-Wiley Daniel, Director 3:00 P. M. Address: "The Racial Differential and its Implications for the Educational and Economic Status of the Negro" -4. Max Bond, Ph.D., Ass't Director of T. V. A. In- troduced by President R. B. Atwood. 10 3:40 P. M. Music-Boys' Glee Club, Madison Jr. High School- William King, Director 8:45 P. M. Address: "The Program of the N. A. T. C. S. for Im- proving the Economic Status of the Negro"-Mrs. Willa C. Burch, Washington, D. C., President of N. A. T. C. S. Inatroduced by Dr. R. E. Clement, Dean of the Louis- ville Municipal College and Ex-President of N.A.T.C.S. 4:25 P. M. Music-Jackson Jr. High School-Wiley Daniel, Direc- tor 4:30 P. M. Announcements and Adjournment SIXTH ANNUAL MUSICALE (Halleck Hall, Second and Lee Streets) K. S. I. C. Chorus Central High School Glee Club Apollo Quartet Louisville Municipal College Chorus Bourgard College Chorus Guest Artists This Musical will be largely in costume a-zd will feature the songs of several nations. * e** FINAL GENERAL SESSION Saturday, April 17 at 9:30 A. M. Business Session of K. N. E. A. at Central High School Gymnasium (Room 109) Invocation-Prof. J. Bryant Cooper, Principal of Phyllis Wheatley School, Louisville Music- 9:45 A. M. Report of Historian, G. W. Parks, Richmond 10:00 A. M Report of Departmental Chairmen (Each limited to 5 minutes) 10:45 A. M. Report of Special Committees 11:30 A. M. New Business and Plans for 1937-38 12:00 Noon Adjournment of the 60th Session TALKING PICTURES Free to teachers enrolled in the K. N. E. A. who present mem- bership card for 1937 at Lyric Theatre, Thursday, April 15 at 11:15 A. M. SIXTEENTH ANNUAL EXHIBITION AT ARMORY Saturday, April 18 at 7 P. M. Adults 35e at door. Advance sale of tickets 25c. See the Secretary for tickets. 11 K. N. E. A. Directors Meet in Louisville The Board of Directors of the Kentucky Negro Education Asso- ciation met in Louisville at the residence of Secretary Atwood S. Wilson on December 12 at 1:00 P. M. At this meeting, the di- rectors voted to have the presi- dent of each district association in Kentucky serve as the district organizer. This procedure makes a definite relationship between each district association and the state association. The directors considered a pro posed publication regarding the achievements of the Kentucky Negro by Mrs. Alice Dunnigan of Russellville. The directors felt that this publication would be of great help to our teachers and youth in Kentucky and proposed to cooperate with Miss Dun'nigan in the sale of the book when it is published. The K. N. E. A. directors voted to make a donation to Tuskegee Institute for a bronze bust to be made in honor of Dr. George Carver, noted scientist, who has rendered 40 years of service at Tuskegee in the field of research. President Blanton appointed certain committees at this meet- in-, which are announced on page 3 of this Journal. The Board of Directors of the K. N. E. A. approved a tentative program for the Sixtieth Anni- versary session. Among the speakers invited to appear on the program and to speak on the theme, "Education for the Eco- nomic Improvement of the Ne- gro," are Dr. Mary Bethune, As- sis-ant National Director of the N. Y. A., Prof. George Brown, Wilberforce University, Dr. John W. Davis, President of West Vir- ginia State College, Mrs. Willa Carter Burch. President of the N. A. T. C. S., Dr. J. Max Bond,, Assistant Directors of the T. V. A., and Honorable A. B. Chand- ler, Governor of Kentucky. The directors also made plans t0 in- sure better departmental meet- ings, recommending some guest speakers for the various section- al programs and urged that cer- tain outstanding demonstrations be made that would interest t*e classroom teacher. The meeting of the N. A. T. C. S., at Atlanta during the sunmer of 1936, was briefly discussed and Prof. R. L. Dowery, who attended the na- tional body as the third official delegate of the K. N. E. A., was reimbursed for his expenses. There was a full attendance at the meeting of the Board of Di- rectors. The directors are: W. S. Blanton, President of the K. N. E. A.; V. K. Perry, Louisville; R. L. Dowery, Manchester; E. T. Bu- ford, Bowling Green; and J. L. Bean, Versailles. Atwood S. Wil- son, Secretary-Treasurer of the K. N. E. A., was present as an ex-officio member of the Board of Directors. 12 PLAN NOW to be in LOUIS VILLE April 14-17, 1937 61st Convention K. N. E. A. 1877 1937 Negro State Co-Ordinating Committee Organized At a meeting at the Louisville Municipal College on Saturday, December 19, there was formed what is known as the Negro State Co-Ordinating Committee. This committee was called at the sug- gestion of President R. B. At- wood and Dean R. E. Clement for the purpose of planning de- sirable legislation that would tend to improve the status of the Negro in Kentucky. At the meeting, there were representatives of the various educational and civic groups in our state. Among them were the officers of the Ken- tucky Negro Education Associa- tion, the State Palrent-Teacher Association, leading p o l i t i c a 1 parties in Kentucky, the Louis- ville Progressive League, and other similar organizations in the state. Dean R. E. Clement of Louisville was elected chairman of the committee and Miss Lucy Harth Smith of Lexington was elected secretary of the commit- tee. The body authorized the ap- pointment of an executive com- mittee of seven members to pre- sent to the Governor of Ken- tucky certain needed legislation that would improve the status of the Negro. After some discussion, it was decided that the following twelve items should be included in the request made of the Governor in our State Legislature in behalf of the Negro citizens of Ken- tucky: 1. Participation in administra- tion of old age pension. 2. Employment on roads. 3. Participation in administra- tion of school system. (a) Membership in State Board of Education. (b) Appointments in State De- partment of Education. 4. Organization of unit of Na- tional Guard. 5. Participation in administra- tion of various federal agencies. (a) N. Y. A. (b) Adult Education. (c) Nursery school. (d) W. P. A. 6. Participation in administra- tion of eleemosynary institutions. 7. Greater support for two Ne- gro State Colleges. 8. Negro history in curriculum of Kentucky schools. 9. Participation in State Fair. 10. Participation in State Pub- lic Health Service. Il. Provisions for certain types of needy women and girls (un- married mothers, ps y c h i a t r i c cases, etc.) 12. Equal pay for equal work in all public service. To confer with the Governor and aid in the program outlined, Chairman R. E. Clemeniit has ap- pointed the following committee: Dr. R. B. Atwood, Frankfort; Prof. J. B. Caulder, Lexington; Dr. J. A. C. Lattimore, Louis- ville; Dr. E. E. Underwood, Frankfort; Mr. M. J. Sleet, Pa- ducah; Mr. Earl E. Pruitt, Louis- ville, and Rev. Luther Stewart, Hopkinsville. ENROLL IN THE N. A. T. C. S. SEND $1.50 TO W. W. SANDERS, Sec'y CHARLESTON, W. VA. MRS. W. C. BURCH, President 13 1937 K. N. E. A. Honor Roll The following schools and county systems had enrolled one hun- dred per cent in the K. N. E. A. up to February 1, 1937. These schools a~nd counties have been sent certificates of honor. CITY SCHOOLS Principal Dunbar High Prof. W. H. Fouse Russell Junior High Prof. M. H. Griffin Constitution Prof. J. B. Caulder B. T. Washington Mrs. Lucy H. Smith Geo. W. Carver Mrs. Fannie H. White Southgate Street Miss Nora H. Ward Lincoln-Shelbyville Hi Prof. Lamont Lawson B. T. Washington Miss C. D. Murray Drakesboro Community Prof. Wm. Holloway Mason County Training Mrs. Elizabeth Bowen Todd County Training Prof. J. W. Waddell Logan County Traini-zgProf. Frank Orndorf Rosenwald High Boone County High Dunbar City Graded S. C. Taylor City Graded Nelson Co. Tr. County Consolidated City High Lincoln Institute City Lexington Lexington Lexington Lexington Lexington Newport Lincoln Ridge Carlisle Drakesboro Mayslick Elkton Adairville Miss Nettie Hughes Lebanon Prof. Wallace Strader Burlington Prof. R. I. Pleasant Morganfield Prof. Geo. C. WakefieldGreenville Prof Lewis Carpenter Columbia Prof. R. L. Dowery Manchester Prof. W. L. Bowman Bardstown Mrs. Willie Mae West Henderson Prof. P. W. Williams Lynch STATE INSTITUTIONS Prof. Whitney M. YoungLineoln Ridge COUNTY SCHOOLS Supt or Organizer *County Organizer County Seat Supt. W. G. ConkwrightWinchester Supt. Miles Meridith Paducah Supt. Vera Beckham Clinton Supt. W. W. Horton Owingsville *Mrs. M. L. Copeland Hopkinsville Supt. H. F. Bates Greenville Supt. Nell McNamara Mt. Sterling Supt. Clyde Lassiter Hickman Supt. Mayme SingletonHustonville Supt. W. R. Carson, Jr.Hartford Supt. Hood Georgetown 14 School County Clark McCracken Hickman Bath Christian Muhlenberg Montgomery Fulton Lincoln Ohio Scott The Ideal High School Girl (Outline of lecture by Atwood S. Wilson, Principal of Central High School). 1. The high school girl is industrious a. Work is the avenue for her character development. b. Industry will permit her to be true to herself and have an ability to help others. c. She is thrifty and economical. 2. The ideal high school girl is religious. a. She loves her school mates. b. She helps her fellowmen. e. She attends Sunday school and church and is a member of some other youth organization, such as a Girl Reserve club, Girls' Friendly Society, B. Y. P. U., Christian Endeavor, or junior church. 8. The ideal high school girl has a lovable personality. a. She is courteous to her parents and teachers. b. She is obedient to all laws of her community and her school. c. She has a pleasant disposition. d. She can take criticism from elders. e. She has attitudes of appreciation. f. She has sympathy and enthusiasm. g. She is social and entertaining. h. She cultivates a pleasing voice. 4. The ideal high school girl is neat and clean. a. She wears simple but clean clothes. b. She follows the laws of health and exhibits proper posture at all times. c. She is clean in mind as well as body. d. She does not over emphasize "make up." I. The ideal high school girl is studious. a. She budgets her time and has a period of preparation for each lesson each day. b. She works many hours if necessary to finish an assignment to her satisfaction. c. She aims to be on the scholarship honor roll each month. d. She gives special attention to the study of home economics in order that she may improve the home and be a good home maker. SUGGESTED MEMORY GEMS "Her voice was ever soft, ge~ntle and low, An excellent thing in woman." "The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world." "Be such a woman and live such a life. That if every woman were a woman like you And if every life were a life like yours This woild would be God's paradise." "The King's daughter is all glorious within; her clothing is of wrought gold." 15 K. N. E. A. Kullings Recently the Louisville Munici- pal College for Negroes, a divi- sion of the University of Louis- viile, -.eceived a-n A rating by the S o ctrn Association of Colleges andi Secondary Schools. This is the only Neg-ro college in4 the state of Ccentucky with an A r:atihig D-. T. E. Clemnent is the dean o tlis college. loi-ei T-iais, a Negro student at fine T~n~ve 'city- of Towa, was rocertlv voted thiQe most valuable -oortbDall player on the team iand elected captain for the 1937 sea- son. T'his is probably the first time that a Negro has been cap- t amin i a school of this type. Recently Jesse Owens was vot- ed the outstanding athlete of 1936 in the A. P. poll. Jesse Owens brought back from the Olympies four gold medals and the title, "xorld's greatest runner and jumper." Last year Joe Louis, "the brown bomber," was voted the most outstanding athlete of 1935. This should encourage the Negro youth in Kentucky. * * * Prof. G. P. Russell, who was for about 20 years the president of K. S. I. C., died Sunday, Octo- ber 18 at Waukeegan, Ill. The funeral Qf Prof. Russell was held in Lexington on October 21. A feature of the funeral program was singing by the Glee Club of K. S. I. C. A' heavy fog which blanketed the highway in Eastern Ken- tucky and the Bluegrass section late Saturday was blamed in the accidental death of William A. Colerane, principal of the Law- renceburg) public school, on Octo- her 23, 1936. Amonfg the first of the county high schools to enlroll in the K. N. E. A. is Boone County High School, of which Mr. Wallace Strader is principal. Mr. Strader is a booster of the K. N. E. A. and one of our growing young educators. Lexington leads other cities of the state in the matter of ad- vance enrollments. We congratu- late Supt. H. H. Taylor. Miss Helen Anthony, a teacher in the Dunbar School of Louis- ville, was a guest speaker at the convention of the National So- ciety for the Prevention of Blindness in Columbus, Ohio, on December 5. Miss Anthony gave this demonstration in the verse speaking choir on a sectional pro- gram at the 1936 K. N. E. A. Convention. * * * Rev. E. G. Harris, pastor of Plymouth Congregational Church, an ardent supporter of the K. N. E. A., and friend to the education of the Negro youth, died sudden- ly on December 11, 1936. The K. N. E. A. extends deepest sym- pathy to his bereaved family. 16 KI N. E. A. Exhibit Items For 1937 The items listed will be award- ed first, second, and third ribbons. Competent judges will award ribbons in the various groups of exhibits listed below. I. High School Exhibits A. Domestic Art: 1. Baby layette: dress, gown, slip, shirt and kimona. 2. Girl's silk or felt hat. 3. Girl's party dress made of silk or other material 4. Lingerie set (bloomers and brassiere). 5. Smock, costume slip, or similar article made of broadcloth, chambry, pon- gee, or rayon. B. Domestic Science: 6. One half dozen doughnuts. 7. One half dozen yeast rolls. 8. One half dozen jars of as- sorted canned or preserved fruits or vegetables. 9. One plate of candy (taffy, mints, and chocolates). 10. Two pound, caramel, three layer cake. C. Drawing: 11. Portrait of man or woman. 12. Sheets of mechanical draw- ing. D. Metal Work: 13. Project in ornamental iron or sheet metal. Project in molding or forg- ing. E. Miscellaneous: 15. Crepe paper work showing at least three different articles or three kinds of flowers. 12. Sheet of mechanical draw- repairing, or other voca- tional subjects. 17. Display of project in sci- 17 ence. 18. Exhibit in typewriting. F. Wood Work: 19. Piece of household furni- ture. 20. Novelty: Lamp, Smoking Stand, etc. II. Elementary and Rural School Exhibits G. Domestic Art: 21. Cooking apron and cap. 22. Embroidery work: table cover, dresser scarf, bridge set, etc. 23. Girl's dress made of printed percale or gingham. 24. Group-darning, p a t c h e s and button holes-at least one foot square. 25. Pair of pajamas. 26. Quilt or comfort made in school. H. Domestic Science: 27. One cocoanut layer cake. 28. One half dozen cookies (plain.) 29. One plate of peanut brittle a~nd fudge. III. Drawing and Penmanship: 30. Collection of work in pen- manship from a school, one paper selected from each grade. 31. Domestic Animal (crayon, pencil or ink). 32. Health or safety poster (oririnal design). 33. Landscape (crayon, pencil, or water colors). I. General Industrial Work: 34. Raffia work, basket or other article. 35. Schuck mat or rag rug. 36. Set of miniature living room furniture made of wood. 37. Display of chair caning or other industrial work. J. Wood Work:. 38. Book rack or handkerchief box. 39. Hall tree or taboret. 40. Medicine cabinet, telephone stand, or foot stool. NOTICE-All work should be mounted as far as possible. Ex- hibit items should be placed in the proper group at the Central High School Gymnasium. Contestants must be pupils registered in the schools of Kentucky and not over twenty-one years of age. Each exhibit item should have attached a card 3x5 inches, on which will be shown: (1) Class of exhibit, viz., High School, Elemen- tary School, or Rural School Ex- hibit; (2) Item number (use above numbers). (3) Name of pupil. (4) School of pupil; (5) City of pupil. Exhibit items will be judged Thursday, April 15 at 1 P. M. Only prize ribbons awarded. will be K. N. E. A. Announcements Daily Expense Teachers may secure room and board at the K. N. E. A. meet- ing for $1.50 per day. For sleeping in homes, the rate is 75c or $1.00 per night. Meals are approximately the same per day. Membership Cards Be sure to bring your membership card to the K. N. E. A. meet- ing. It has the following uses: (1) permits you to have a seat in the middle section at Quinn Chapel; (2) permits you to see a pic- ture free at the Lyric Theater; (3) permits you to vote; and (4) per- mits you to get reduced admission to the Friday night musicale. BE SURE TO BRING YOUR MEMBERSHIP CARD WITH YOU. Badges The K. N. E. A. Secretary is sending out badges along with mem- bership cards. Be sure to bring the badge to the Convention with you. Wear your badge at the meeting and show both your loyalty to the K. N. E. A. and to the teaching profession. The Sixth Annual Musicale The Sixth Annual Musicale will be held on Friday night, April 16. This program will be either at Halleck Hall or at Quinn Chapel.. Watch for the final announcement of the program. A fee will be charged non-members of the K. N. E. A. A membership card will ad- mit a K. N. E. A. member free up to the value of 25 cents. Nominations Those who desire to have their names submitted to the Nominat- ing Committee must send their names by March 15 to the secretary or to Prof. W. E. Newsome, of Cynthiana. This year the terms of two- directors will expire and they or some other persons will be' elected. 18 The president, W. S. Blanton, will be ineligible to succeed himself. Other officers, as now listed, will probably be candidates for re-elec- tion. The Nominating Committee will make its report on Thursday morning, April 15. Voting will take place on Friday, April 16 at Quinn Chapel. Voting will be by ballot from 8:00 A. M. to 5:00 P. M. The Spelling Bee The Annual Spelling Contest of the K. N. E. A. will be held Fri- day, April 16 at 10:00 A. M. in the Elementary Education Depart- ment. Names of entries must be sent to the secretary of the K. N. B. A. as soon as possible before April 1. Send name, grade, and school system the pupil is to represent. Rules of the Spelling Con- test and a suggested list of spelling words may be secured by writing the secretary of the K. N. E. A. Annual Exhibition The Seventeenth Annual Exhibition of the K. N. E. A. will be held at the Armory on Saturday, April 17. There will be a pageant, "Edu- cation Marches On," in which over 1000 will participate. The usual social hours at the Armory will close the 6lth convention of the K. N. E. A. Notify Necrology Committee Any one knowing of a teacher who has died since our 1936 con- vention, is requested to send the name of the teacher to Rev. J. Francis Wilson at Maceo, Kentucky, who is Chairman of our Necrology Committee. ACT AOW! Renew your membership Enlist your associates Secure one hundred percent enrollment in your school. 19 Candidates For Office As the Journal goes to press on this, the twenty-second of Janu- ary, mention of those candidates that have notified the nominat- ing committee that they will run for office is being made. So far two persons have announced their candidacy for the presi- dency of the K. N. E. A. at the 1937 convention. These are Prof. W. H. Fouse of Lexington and Prof. S. L. Barker of Owens- boro. Prof. W. H. Fottse is the prin- cipal of the Dunbar High School in Lexington. He has long been an enthusiastic endorser of the K. N. E. A. and its program. His loyalty to the organization has been steady and at all times one hundred per cent. Prof. Fouse has served the K. N. E. A. in many capacities. He is now chairman of the Principals' Con- ference and a member of the K. N. E. A. Research Committee. Prof. Fouse is also active in the National Association of Teachers in Colored Schools. He has served as a regional vice president and attends each annual session as a representative of Kentucky. Prof. Fouse has recently shown a spe- cial interest and urged research in the matter of equalization of the salaries of colored and white teachers in Kentucky. Prof. Fouse has for years been the -principal of a progressive high school at Lexington. His school was the first in Kentucky to re- ceive an A rating by the South- ern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. Prof. S. L. Barker hails from 'the western section of our State, 'being the very efficient princi- -pal of the Western High School at Owensboro. This school is among the eleven class A high schools in Kentucky, being so rated by the Southern Association of Colleges and S e e o n d a r y Schools. Prof Barker stands high with his Board of Education and the citizens of Owensboro. He is a civic leader in his city and a champion of the welfare of the Negro. He is courageous, fair, and efficient. He has long been a leader in the First District Association of Colored Teachers. His interest in the K. N. E. A. is well known. He has served well on the legis- lative committee of the K. N. E. A., as a member of the research committee, as chairman of the resolutions committee and above all, as a member of the K. N. E. A. Board of Directors. Prof. Barker made a good race in 1935 and asks again that his fellow teachers consider him for their president at the 1937 conven- tion. These two educators, Prof. Fouse and Prof. Barker, merit the consideration of all our teachers for the office of the president of the K. N. E. A. It is probable that others will an- nounce for this office. At pres- ent, however, no official an- nouncement has been sent to the K. N. E. A. secretary. The editor of the K. N. E. A. Journal pub- lishes information regarding can- didates in an unbiased manner and will announce the candidacy of anyone to any office when- ever such announcement is sent to the office of the secretary. Other officers as listed in the October-November Journal will be candidates for re-election. 20 Historical Sketch of Negro Education in Kentucky (By Atwood S. Wilson) The 'Early Schools, 1827 to 1873 The first Negro School in Ken- tucky was taught in Louisville in 1827. The teachers were three white Presbyterians from the North. The school was quickly broken up by white people who opposed educating the Negroes. In 1833 a Thomas Cook (white) made another effort to start a school and also a Mr. and Mrs. Culter in 1835 The latter two schools -were also broke'n up. Ef- forts were then changed to Lex- ington and a Mr. Hodge started a school in 1839, and later a Methodist minister named Crum- ble in 1840. These schools were broken up like those in Louis- ville. The scene ag ain shifted to Louisville and in 1842 Henry Adams, a Baptist preacher, started a school for Negroes on Ninth Street. In 1848, Mr. W. H. Gip- son of Baltimore opened a school for Negroes at Fourth and Green Streets. Other cities followed, Lexington 1859, Owensboro 1865, Winchester 1866, Covington 1867, Frankfort 1868, etc. In 1873, the state of Kentucky by legislative enactment assumed the responsibility of giving Ne- groes an education and established the first school at Louisville. The early schools were supported by taxes paid by Negroes only. Some cities had separate Negro boards of education and the problem of supporting Negro schools was un- settled. (This was true up to the enactment of a new school ,code in 1934). Schools of the log cabin type began on a larger scale in 1874. Organization of K.N.E.A. in 1877 In 1877, State Superintendent H. A. Hendeerson called some of the leading Negro educators in a conference and organized a col- ored teachers' association, the chief pulrpose of which wvas to urge a legislative enactment au- thorizing a normal school for the training of Negro teachers. The first president of this as- sociation was Prof. John M. Jack. sonl. From an enrollment of forty-five teachers in 1877, the K. N. E. A. has steadily grown and is now the most powerful or- ganization in Kentucky. It not only champions the cause of edu- cation of the Negro but works for general social and economic progress of the Negro. Higher Education Started in 1879 In 1879 the Baptist people of Kentucky started Simmons Uni- versity which was known at that time as State University. A high school was also started in Louis- ville about 1881, the first class graduating in 1884. In 1887 the state normal school became a reality and one was started at Frankfort with Prof. John H. Jackson as head. Other schools of higher education were organ- ized to keep pace with the growth of Negro elementary schools. Among these were the Louisville Normal School 1897, Lincoln In- stitute 1905, and West Kentucky Industrial College in 1911. In 1931 the Louisville Municipal 21 College was opened at Louisville, it being the first school of its kind anywhere in the United States for Negroes. The Reorganization of the K. N. E. A. in 1913 In 1913 the Kentucky Negro Educational Association was in- corporated and reorganized. From an association of 200 members it had grown by 1927 to over 1300 members. The year 1927, 50 years after 1877, found Kentucky with fifty-one public high schools, an enrollment of 2,586 high school pupils and 161 teachers. Altogether there were 50,007 colored children in Kentucky schools with 1355 teachers giving instruction to Negro youth. The outstanding leaders in the reor- ganization and incorporation of the K. N. E. A. in 1913 were H. C. Russell of Louisville, F. MV. Wood of Paris, E. F. Reed of Bowling Green, and A. E. Mey- zeek, Louisville. Education Since the War of 1917 During the years since 19I 7, there has been a distinctive trend towards better buildings for the high school and college education of the Negro. One of the first buildings in Kentucky of the modern type that was erected for the education of the Negro was the Attucks School building at Hopkinsville. This building was erected just prior to the World War period and was in striking contrast to the first long cabin school in Kentucky. In the cal- endar published by the K. N. E. A. during that period, the con- trast was made between this building and one of the log cabin type. Later Lexington built the Dunbar High School, which had in it a gymnasium, a new feature for Negro high schools. In the meantime, however, there was a well-equipped high school in Lou- isville. The building was, how- ever, one of the antiquated type. In 1929, Louisville gave Kentucky its most expensive Negro schools when it built the Jackson Junior High School, at a cost of about $300,000, and the Madison Junior High School, at a cost of about $400,000. The Negro youth of Frankfort had built for them the Mayo-Underwood High School in 1928, which was modern in de- sign. Following it came the John G. Fee High School of Maysville and a little later the Lincoln- Grant School at Covington. Just a little later we have a new ad- ministration building erected at West Kentucky Industrial Col- lege. This building was erected about 1932. Later we had erected a very modern building for the boys' dormitory at Kentucky State Industrial College at Frankfort. Already there had been built on the same campus a modern build- ing for the girls' dormitory. During these same years, there have been built in various smaller cities in Kentucky rural schools and high schools that have been modern in design. Among these buildings, some of which were furnished by the Rosenwald Fund, are the schools at Lebanon, Madi- sonville, Harrodsburg, Princeton, Jeffersontown, Newburg, and Rus- sellville. During this time there was opened one outstanding rural high school, this being the one in Fayette County, located near Lex- ington. Consolidation has caused the rural schools to improve, notable examples of which are the Drakesboro Community School in Muhlenberg County and the 22 recently constructed school in Henderson County. The tendency has been towards consolidated rural schools and transportation with the idea of making available high school education for all the Negro youth in Kentucky. In 1937 there are 11 accredited high schools among the Negroes of Kentucky, which are housed in comfortable buildings and which carry a program of studies and activities which allow the South- ern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools to rate them class A. The Major Higher Institutions of 1937 In 1937, we find in Kentucky two outstanding four-year Negro colleges. These colleges are the Kentucky State Industrial College at Frankfort, with an enrollment around 400 students, and the Louisville Municipal College at Louisville, with an enrollment around 200 students. The first of these colleges has mnade notable progress under the leadership of President R. B. Atwood and is rated B by the Southern Associa- tion of Colleges and Secondary Schools. The second college has the prestige accorded by its con- nections with the historical insti- tution, the University of Louis- ville. This school has made notable progress under Dean R. E. Clement and in 1937 was given an A rating by the Southern As- sociation of Colleges and Secon- dary Schools. At Paducah, Ken- tueky, we have West Kentucky Industrial College, which has made notable progress under the leadership of President D. H. Anderson, its founder and or- ganizer. This is a two-year col- lege and receives its support from state taxation. The other schools mentioned receive their support from the state and city of Louis- ville, respectively. The fourth of our major institutions of 1937 is Lincoln Institute, Lincoln Ridge, Kentucky. This school is operat- ing as a four-year accredited high school. Under the leadership of Principal Whitney M. Young, it has made notable progress and bids to take its place among the leading industrial schools for Ne- groes. The program at Lincoln Institute is mainly an agricultural and industrial program. This school meets an important need of the Negro and fits into the scheme of Negro education of Kentucky. These four major in- stitutions are respected by the State Department of Education and receive from it the fullest co- operation. The State Board of Education is directly in charge of the two state colleges, one at Frankfort and one at Paducah. Sixty Years of the K. N. E. A.- 1877 to 1937 The history of the K. N. E. A., during these sixty years, may be summarized by giving an outline of the progress made in the mem- bership of the K. N. E. A. The enrollment during these sixty- years follows: Year Enrollment 1877 45 1885 65 1890 55 1895 105 1901 115 1906 120 1910 173 1915 525 1920 818 1921 1005, 23 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1 933 19 4 19:35 19 36 193 7 1057 1132 1152 1240 1140 1355 1366 1338 1270 1328 1052 1064 1140 1394 1410 ? Thc past presidents of the K. N. E. A. will be our leaders in the education of the Negro, in Kentucky. Durlilg these sixty years, we have had K. N. E. A. presidents who have served dur- ing the years indicated. Past Presidents of K. N. E. A. Nannes Pirof. John N1. Jackson Pi-of. J. M. Maxwell Prof. Henry Sherley Prof. WRT. H. Perry Prof. C. C. Monroe Prof, J. S. Hathway Rev. AV. J. Simmons Prof. W. H. Mayo Rev. Robt. Mitchell Rev. C. H. Parrish Miss M. S. Brown Rev. J. E. Wood Prof. F. L. Williams Prof. F. M. Wood Prof. H. C. Russell Prof. E. E. Reed Years 1877-1878 1879-1881 1882-1883 1884-1886 1887-1888 1889-1890 1890-1891 1892-1893 1894-1895 1896-1897 1898-1899 1900-1901 1901-1908 1909-1916 1917-1922 1923-1925 Prof. Edward B. Davis 1925-1927 Prof. A. E. Meyzeek 1927-1929 Prof. W. H. Humphrey 1929-1931 Pres. D. H. Anderson 1931-1933 Pres. R. B. Atwood 1933-1935 Pres. W. S. Blanton Trends in the Education of the Negro The curriculum of the Negro schools in Kentucky is in a pVroc- ess of revision. This need has come as a result of the depression of 1930. Many Negroes are out of work and there is need for a new type of education. The pro- fessional group depends primarily upon the working, group and hence the need for trained pro- fessionalists has decreased in Ken- tucky. Industrial education and education that fits directly for a specific Vocation are the types of education that are being spon- sored by the laarger high schools in Kenitucky. Inl- most of these schools, there is an urgent effort being made to place into the pro- gram of studies trade courses, Smith-Hughes courses, and indus- trial arts courses, The Negro is recognizing, in a larger way, the desirability of better training for industrial and agricultural pur- suits. The next decade will prob- ably find the programs of our colleges making changes to meet the new trends that seem to be appearing in our secondary schools. Teacher training has taken an impetus and throughout Kentucky high school principals and teachers are college graduates, in the main. Indeed, there is a tendency to have all teachers have at least four years of college preparation. It is probable that some one of our colleges in Kentucky will soon offer graduate work, since the state now requires the master of arts degree or equivalent for a standard high school certificate. We can truly say in 1937,' with regard to the education of the 1935-1937 Negro, "Education Marches On." 24 Suggested Program-School Improvement Day, 1. Meeting called to order by the P. T. A. chairman, the teacher, superintendent, member of the board of education, or person chosen to preside. 2. Song by the school. 3. Who was Julius Rosenwald? (See "Julius Rosenwald: Friend to Humanity.") 4. Devotion led by one of the pastors. 5. Statement by the teacher or principal setting out the school's needs, and a picture of what the school may be. 6. Response by superintendent of schools, member of board of education, or other prominent citizen. 7. What the pupils want, by a pupil or group of pupils. 8. Reports of undertakings by the committees: (1) School grounds committee. (2) Outside building improvements. (3) Inside building improvements. (4) School room furnishings. (5) Heating and lighting. (6) Sanitation and water supply. (7) School library. 9. Talks by patrons of the school and other citizens. 10. Discussion of needs and plans for continuing to work together on these undertakings. 11. Song by the school or by a group of pupils. 12. Adjournmnent. SUGGESTIONS ON ORGANIZING The report form appearing on the closing pages of this issue of the Journal is intended to serve several purposes. (1) It outlines the improvements that the school needs; suggesting the specific things to be done. (2) It is the framework around which the School Improve- ment program is built. (3) It groups activities for the convenience of school improvement committees. (4) And it is finally used in re- porting improvements to the State Department of Education. There it will become part of a report to the Julius Rosenwald Fund, which pays for printing this section of the Journal, the Rosenwald School Improvement Day section. Committees. The school wants to enlist all available cooperation in its program of improvements. The people look to the teachers or principal of the school to take the lead in organizing for its improve- ment. They are ready to serve on committees and do their part, but they want an effective organization in which to work. One of these committees may be assigned to school grounds and landscaping an- other to outside improvements on the building, one to inside building improvements, one to furnishings, one to heating and lighting, one to sanitation and water supply, and one to school library. Teachers, pupils and citizens generally will be members of these committees. If 25 the school has a P.-T. A., that organization may undertake one or more of these committee jobs, and will make good. Organizing. The principal or teacher, after checking the needs of the school by the items in this report, may have a meeting of the people, tell them the items needing improvement, and effect commit- tee organization to get the improvements undertaken. There should be another meeting held later, say on March 12, Rosenwald School Improvement Day, when reports will be made by representatives of the working committees. Their work will not end with that day, but will continue until the things they undertake are accomplished. An organization should by all means be kept up from one year to an- other, working always for better conditions, better outdoor conditions, and more library books interesting for the children to read. Pleasure and education come through reading many interesting books. "Julius Rosenwald: Friend To Humanity" From An Address by R. R. Moton It seems especially fitting today; it seems very beautiful and touching and inspiring too that colored people all over the country, with white cooperating, should give thanks to God for the life and work and service and sacrifice-and I say sacrifice advisedly-of Julius Rosenwald. I said "sacrifice" because he amassed a great fortune running up into the hundreds of millions of dollars, in all probability; and yet, as some of us remember, once when he was here at the Children's House, he took us a little bit into his confidence-speaking to the children whom he loved; he especially delighted in the Children's House-he told them of his early experiences as a boy, how he pumped an organ in the Presbyterian Church in Springfield, Illinois, for ten cents a Sunday in order to make a little money; how he peddled tinware on the streets of Springfield, sometimes selling almost nothing a day; and yet he rose to the point where he had amassed perhaps one of the largest fortunes of the world and. had established one of the largest and most unique business enterprises in the world. This man, simple, unassuming, hardworking, with patient industry was able to ac- complish so much in his lifetime. We think of Mr. Rosenwald in terms of his beneficence, his finan- cial support and that is well. He gave a great deal of money to a great many causes and to a great many peoples, races and creeds. Indeed he saw no race, and saw no creed, and saw no land, whon there rose a real human need where he thought he could help and that he could help permanently. He liked to help people get on their own feet so that they could help themselves. He gave with the same sagacity that he manifested in establishing his business. He put the same thought and business-like effort into giving that he put into establishing his business in Chicago. We think of him in connection with the Y. M. C. A. One Sunday 26 afternoon a man strolled into a meeting in Chicago presided over by the late William E. Hunton and Dr. Jesse E. Moorland, a meeting of colored men. He walked in and sat in the gallery and apparently as leisurely strolled out. He met the men at the door, Mr. Hunton and Mr. Moorland, told them who he was and asked them to come to see him. They went and that day Julius Rosenwald said, "I will give $25,000 to any city in the country that will build a Y. M. C. A. for colored people to cost $100,000, if they will agree to build it and support it." Thus began the great Y. M. C. A. building program for Negroes. Here was a man who wasn't a Christian as we think of the term, yet who had as much of the Christian spirit as anybody, I thinkl in building Young Men's Christian Association buildings-not simply for Christians who represented another creed, but for a race not his own race, for a black race, a race that is sometimes thought of as a backward race, a despised race. And then he put some money into Dr. Washington's hands for building rural schools for our people. You know the story all too well. He was interested in these little schools among underprivileged people, for children who did not have a chance to go to a good school. He believed in attractive, health, ful surroundings. He put in some four or five million dollars Wald he got some fifteen more from colored people and white people; got sym- pathetic cooperation from school officials as well as the populace in general; got white people in sympathy with Negro schools; brought them into sympathy with Negro churches and Negro development. It was a great thing for our people; at the same time it was in- directly a great interracial, cooperative movement. The white people saw it and appreciated it. They went further. You will find that wherever there was built an up-to-date school building for Negroes, and the white people didn't have one there, they soon built one. In this way he helped to build schools not only for black people but for white people as well. He built model schools-the plans were made by a school architect. A Rosenwald school is a model school with reference to light, ventilation, and sanitation. Soon the whites tried to get one better. Mr. Rosenwald laughed and said, "If they want to do it, let them go ahead. So much the better." So he was helping not only black but white people as well. Today nearly three-quarters of a mil- lion Negro children in the South are in Rosenwald schools, built under the direction and supervision of the Julius Rosenwald Fund. But then he was interested in all phases of life among colored people. He sent presents every year to the children of the Children's House; he was the children's Santa Claus, and then he would read the little notes that they sent him. He showed me a batch of them which he had kept. They came from people here and elsewhere-colored people-not always well written, but that didn't make any difference. They were childish in many respects, but that made them more beauti- ful to him. How he cherished these notes as well as the flowers and things they sent him! These, friends, are some of the reasons why the colored people, the white people, too, all over the world are thinking, and talking, 27 and memorializing, and praising, and thanking God for the life and the work and the service of Julius Rosenwald. Sometimes people say we are despised because we are black. Oh yes, we have troubles; we will have some more. All races have diffi- culties, but you know, friends, you can put it down, the people of any race, the man and the woman of any race, who are willing to be identi- fied with a backward, disadvantaged race, a race looked down upon, are the finest spirits that God ever made. Think of the catalogue of men and women, the finest type of American citizenship, who have given their lives, energy, time, money, and prayers for colored people. They didn't have to do it. Julius Rosenwald didn't have to do it; didn't have to take the chance to work among Negroes-some risk in it perhaps. Dr. Washington inspired him with the needs and the abilities and possibilities of the Negro race as citizens of a great nation. Following that inspiration he went forward without limit. What a blessed privilege you and I have; what a fortunate people we are to have friends like that. We dcn't need to be despised or to despise ourselves. When we, can number such as these among our friends we can look anybody in the face and it is impossible for any- body to insult us. One gets a new sense of what it means to be a man, to be children of God, made in his image. We have friends, black and white, among the very best people in the world who are willing to suffer and serve us, die with us if necessary, of the type of Mr. Rosenwald. Dona't disappoint them. Be honest, straightfor- ward, clean, pure, industrious, intelligent and useful and thereby justify their respect and confidence, their good will and help. INTER-COLLEGIATE PRESS 615 Wyandotte Street KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI Manufacturers and Distributors of: Year Books Diplomas Jewelry Caps and Gowns Invitations Class Gifts Visiting Cards Medals J. W. BLUCHER W. C. COCHRAN Kentucky State Representatives 28 I THE LATE JULIUS ROSENWALD t~~~~~~~~~~ The following letter will be of interest to schools whose buildings were aided by the Julius Rosenwald Fund, and by schools having Rosen- wald Fund libraries. The benevolence that shows in the face of Mr. Rosenwald will grace any library room in which this picture may be placed. Orders for this picture may be made through this office. "JULIUS ROSENWALD FUND" Southern Office Cotton States Building Nashville, Tennessee S. L. Smith Director for Southern Office January 6, 1939 Dear Mr. Taylor: "We will have on hand about 100 pictures of Mr. Rosenwald, which are sold at $2.50 each delivered. This price is less than half the cost. It does not seem likely that an additional supply will be available after these are sold. I hope that all schools in your state desiring these will take advantage of the offer while the supply lasts. Sincerely yours, (Signed) S. L. SMITH." 29 SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT AND BEAUTIFICATION OF SCHOOL PLANTS These suggestions have been prepared by The Julius Rosenwald Fund and the Interstate School Building Service, Nashville, Tennessee. While designed mainly for rural schools, they will apply helpfully in all schools. Improvement of School Grounds Clean off the rubbish, loose rocks, and unsightly objects. Grade and surface walks from road to schoolhouse and from the schoolhouse to all outbuildings and well. Grade and terrace school grounds; use retaining walls where necessary to prevent washing. Repair and paint the fence if grounds are enclosed. Lay out play fields: volley ball, playground ball, basket ball, etc. Lay out garden and agricultural plots wherever necessary. Plant shade trees in corners of the grounds and shrubbery about the building, at the intersection of walks and ground lines, and as screens to outbuildings. Trees and shrubbery should not interfere with playgrounds nor reduce the light in classrooms. All area not otherwise jised should be set in grass. Water Supply It is essential that there be an ample supply of pure water on the .school grounds for drinking and washing. Have water analyzed annually by Department of Health. If local well is used, install proper curb and cover, to keep out surface water. If no water is available on school grounds, a well should be dug or bored. Outbuildings If pit toilet is used, the pit should be 6 or 8 feet deep. It is essential that there be seat covers and that the toilets be fly-tight from the seat down. Cast-iron risers and concrete floors are recommended. There should be no possible drainage to the school or neighbor's -water supply. Repair and paint the toilet building inside and out. A fuel house should be provided and painted. Exterior Repairs Repair all roof leaks or replace the roof if it is not worth repairs. Repair porches and steps. Use concrete where buildings seem *to be permanently located. Protect building with gutters and downspouts. Make buildings safe and more comfortable by underpinning. Repair weatherboarding and replace broken or decayed boards -where needed. Repair doors and door hardware; bolt doors together where they -are pulling apart. Repair windows by replacing decayed portions of sash and frames, 30 and replace all broken window glass, fastened with both sprig and putty. Wherever windows are improperly located on two or more sides of a classroom, remodel by placing them in a battery on left side of room, setting them from 3 1-2 feet to 4 feet above the floor. The top should reach to within 4 inches of the ceiling and the battery should extend to within 3 feet of the rear wall and 6 feet of the front wall with mullions not more than 12 inches wide. Interior Repairs Repair all broken plaster and fill cracks. Securely fasten all wood ceiling and wood trim. Repair or replace window shades on the sunny sides of the house. Window shades should be of light tan or buff translucent material. A window should have two shades fixed at the middle, one rolling up and the other down; or be adjustable so as to cover any portion of the window. If there is a single roll shade, it should be fixed about ten inches below the window top. Remove fire hazards by repairing the flues. All flues should ex- tend to the ground and have fire-proof tile lining. Replace defective stove pipe and rivet joints. Repair stoves, and provide for pan of water on stove. Install jacketed stove if possible or place a home-made jacket around the stove. Place metal sheet or concrete beneath stove. Repair or replace worn flooring boards. Flat-grain pine is not suitable for school floors. Edge-grain pine or hardwood should be used. Floors should be kept well oiled or waxed. Each classroom should have from 20 to 40 linear feet of good blackboard. Most worn boards can be restored by applying liquid slating. If the boards are too far gone, they should be replaced with new blackboards or tack boards. Pulp blackboards should be suspended from the top with expansion space left at bottom and ends. Built-in bookshelves should be provided in every classroom. Desks should be repaired by combining good portions of broken desks, tightening up all screws, and refinishing. * Desks should be arranged so the pupils will receive light from their left, or if windows are on two sides, from the left and rear. It is important that every child be provided with a seat and desk of the proper height. His feet should touch the floor, the desk should be at elbow height when upper arm is vertical and the seat should under- lap the desk by about one or two inches. * If the structure of the building will permit, the windows should be rearranged on one side of the classroom and up against the ceiling. Ventilation can be improved by window deflectors and breeze open- ings. If window sills are the proper height, use glass deflectors; if the sills are too low, use wood or opaque deflectors. Exterior Painting Before any painting is done, the building should be carefully re- paired and put in good condition. The surfaces should be thoroughly clean and dry before apply- ing paint. 81 All loose and cracked paint should be removed before painting, using steel brush, blow torch or paint remover. Knot or sap places in woodwork should be filled with pure grain alcohol shellac. All nail holes, cracks and other defects should be filled with putty between coats. The first coat should have plenty of oil. The second coat should be thicker. Two coats will usually be sufficient on old work unless the surface is in bad condition. The rule should be two coats every four years. Certain portions of the building which are subjected to severe conditions should be painted every two or three years. Paint both ends of exterior doors and paint or oil the edges of window sash. Among the approved exterior color schemes are: Solid white, white trimmed in gray, light gray trimmed in white, and bungalow brown trimmed in white or cream. Where undressed weatherboarding has been used or raw wood has been exposed to the weather for a long period, it will probably be advisable to use bungalow brown stain. Wood shingles (if used) should be stained. Interior Painting Interior repairs should be made and the surfaces to be painted should be clean and dry before applying paint. Remove loose paint. Flat oil-base paint should be used in the interior. Interior paint should not be thinned with linseed oil as it will give it a gloss finish. If it is necessary to thin the paint, use not more than a pint of turpentine to a gallon of paint. Two-coat work is generally necessary. Size unpainted plaster before painting. Classroom walls and ceilings should be painted in light colors to improve the light reflection and diffusion. The wainscoting should be darker to avoid too much reflection below the eye level. Approved color schemes may be had from the various depart- ments of education. The following colors are satisfactory: Ceilings: light cream or light ivory; Walls: rich cream, light buff, light tan, or ivory tan; Wainscoting (below window sills and chalk rails): tan or brown; Wood trim (including wainscoting if wood); oak stain. The best grades of paint should be purchased from reliable deal- ers and the work shovld be done under the direction of a skilled painter. THE SCHOOL LIBRARY The school library committee has the important duty of providing- books for the children to read. Nearly every school child is hungry for books to read. But the books must be interesting and easy to read. Children in their first years in school learn how to read, but they do -not really learn to read unless they have books that are in- teresting and easy to read. When they have such books and are given 32 -a start at reading them, they acquire an appetite for reading and a readiness of understanding what they read. This appetite for reading will continue for life, and insure wide reading, liberal interests, and acquaintance beyond the confines of their local environments. And the readiness of understanding what they read enables them to get all their lessons with ease and insures against failing to pass in their studies. The Julius Rosenwald Fund has helped pay the cost of about one huindred school libraries in Kentucky in the last two or three months, and its aid is available to your school. It has employed re- liable library authorities to select books suitable for the schools, has brought them in large quantities at lowest wholesale prices, and of- fers these collections of books to the schools at much less than they cost. The Fund gets about twenty-five dollars worth of books for around fifteen dollars, then gives the school five dollars of the fifteen, and for ten dollars paid by the school or board of education delivers the books to the school. The Furnd pays the freight, so all the school pays out is the ten dollars. The Julius Rosenwald Fund is now giving to Negro schools aid ,on the following four library book collections. For high schools (white or colored): Stories of Many Lands, wholesale cost $15, cost to the school $10. Books About Negroes, wholesale cost $15, cost to the school $10 For elementary schools (colored): Elementary Library, wholesale cost $36, cost to the school $24. Supplementary Library, (colored): wholesale cost $15, cost to the -school $10. In the five weeks next before this writing paid orders have been received for more than fifty libraries "Stories of Many Lands." This -collection of books is meeting with great favor, and should be put into every high school in Kentucky. Most of our four-year colored high schools and many white 'schools have already got the collection "Books About Negroes." The $36 elementary library has been placed in a large number of schools, and is recommended for all the larger schools and for cir- culating county library services. The $15 supplementary library was made available only recently, and is especially suited to small schools. Most of its books are very interesting for children in the lower grades. Every elementary school that does not have the use of the $36 library should have this supple- mentary library. In county systems two or more schools may get the library together and share it, dividing it into parts and circulating them from school to school. Orders for these libraries should be made through the State Sup- erintendent's office. The check should be made in favor of the Julius Rosenwald Fund and mailed either to Miss Ituth Theobald or L. N. Taylor. In some cities and counties the board of education pays for the books, and in others the cost is divided "fifty-fifty." Book lists and other data are given below with reference to three 83 of these collections. The other is not given now because its book list is being slightly revised at this time STORIES OF MANY LANDS $15 High School Library List, Fall, 1936 Because of frequent requests from high schools in the South and from several state departments of education for a small library of books containing stories of many lands, the list printed below has been carefully selected by officers of the Julius Rosenwald Fund in consultation with librarians and educators for distribution to both white and colored high schools. This set has been purchased in large quantities at a cost of $15 per set. Of this amount the Fund will pay $5 (one-third the cost) plus transportation charges. Any high school in the South desiring to secure this library may do so by filling in the application blank below, attaching a check or money order for $10 and mailing to the state department of education. The set will be shipped promptly on receipt of application, as long as the supply lasts. Title Author Publisher Chinese Ho Ming, Girl of New China Lewis Young Fu of the Upper Yangtze Lewis Indian Laughing Boy La Far Tangled Waters Means Japanese A Daughter of the Samurai Sugimo Mexican Young Mexico Peck Negro Shadow of the Plantation Johnsor Mamba's Daughters Heywar Conjure Woman Chestnu Philippine Savage Gentlemen Cole Polynesian Pearl Lagoon Nordhol Stars to Steer By Follett Junior Literary Guild Junior Literary Guild ge Houghton Mifflin Co. Houghton Mifflin Co. to Doubleday Doran & Co. d Lt Robert McBride & Co. Univ. of Chicago Press Grossett & Dunlap, Inc. Houghton Mifflin Co. D. Van Nostrand Co. If Little Brown & Co. MacMillan Co. BOOKS BY AND ABOUT NEGROES Because of frequent requests from high schools in the South and from several state departments of education for a small library of books by and about Negroes, the list of books printed below has been carefully selected by officers of the Julius; Rosenwald Fund in con- sultation with librarians and educators for distribution to both white and colored high schools. 400 sets have been purchased at a cost of $15 per set, of which amount the Fund will pay $5 (one-third the cost) plus transportation charges. Any high school desiring to secure this library may do so by raising $10 from any source, filling in the 34 application blank below and mailing to the state department of edu- cation. The sets will be shipped promptly on receipt ef applications,. as long as the supply lasts. Title American Negro Poetry Anthology of Am. Negro Lit. Brown America God's Trombones The Green Pastures In Spite of Handicaps Negro in American Civilization Negro Makers of History Negro Year Book Not Without Laughter Plays and Pageants from the Life of the Negro Souls of Black Folk Up from Slavery Author Johnson Calverton Embree Johnson Covnnelly Bullock Johnson Woodson Work Hughes Richardson DuBois Washington Publisher Harcourt, Brace Modern Library Viking Press Viking Press Farrar and Rinehart Association Press Henry Holt Associated Publishers Negro Yr. Bk. Pub. Co.. Knopf Associated Publishers McClurg Burt SUPPLEMENTARY ELEMENTARY LIBRARY LIST, 1936-37 Author Stevenson Wise Stevenson O'Donnell and Carey Graham O'Donnell and Carey Title Abe Lincoln, A Frontier Boy Away with the Circus Child's Garden of Verses Cinderella Day in and Day Out Fifty Favorite Songs for Girls and Boys Friendly Village Here's Juggins Jerome Anthony Little Black Sambo Little Red Riding-Hood Pelle's New Suit Peter Rabbit Real Mother Goose-Gosling Edi. Round About and Carey Rowena, Teena, Tot, asnd the Run- away Turkey Blumberg Science Stories, Book One Science Stories, Book Two Snip, Snap, Snurr, and the Red Shoes Lindman Story Book of Aircraft Petersham Story Book of Ships Petersham Story Book of Trains Petersham Story Book of Wheels Petersham 35 Publisher Bobbs-Merrill Co. Albert Whitman & Co. Rand, McNally & Co. Rand, McNally & Co. Row, Peterson & Co. Whitman Publishing Co.. Row, Peterson & Co. Stone Junior Literary Guild Evans Junior Literary Guild Rand, McNally & Co. Rand, McNally & Co. Beskow Harper and Brothers Rand, McNally & Co. Rand, McNally & Co. O'Donnell Row, Peterson & Co. Albert Whitman & Co. Scott, Foresman & Co. Scott, Foresman & Co. Albert Whitman & Co.. John C. Winston Co. John C. Winston Co. John C. Winston Co. John C. Winston Co. Story of Ping Three Bears Three Little Pigs We Sing America What Am I? Which Am I? Who Am I? World Atlas-Pictorial Edition Flack Cuthbert Dootson Dootson Dootson Viking Press Rand, McNally & Co. Rand, McNally & Co. Friendship Press Rand, McNally & Co. Rand, McNally & Co. Rand, McNally & Co. Rand, McNally & Co. SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT AND BEAUTIFICATION CONTEST About twenty counties are now engaged in the 1936-37 school plant improvement contest. In this contest each of these counties is competing with the other counties in the improvement of its schools. It is a double-header contest, two parallel contests, one involving the white schools, the other involving the colored schools. This co~ntest is a rural school contest, operating in county dis- tricts under jurisdiction of county superintendents and county boards of education. There are four state prizes, a first prize and a second prize in the white school contest, and a first prize and a second prize in the colored school contest. In either case the first prize will go to the county making the most improvement in this school year in its school plants, and the second prize to the county making the second greatest improvement. These prizes are given to the state by the Julius Rosen- wald Fund. In most of the contest cotraties, probably in all of them, local prizes will be given to the schools within the county, a first prize to the school that leads in the county contest and a second prize for the school that comes next. These local prizes are provided locally either by the board of education or by friends of education, two for white schools and two for colored schools. The improvements made in colored schools in connection with the contest will fit perfectly into the program of improvement pro- moted in connection with Rosenwald School Improvement Day, and vice versa. JEANES TEACHER LIST-KENTUCKY-1936-37 County Teacher Bourbon Miss Mary M. Butler Christian Mrs. Mayme L. Copeland Fayette Mrs. Ethel B.. Peyton Harlan Mrs. Lela V. Becker Henderson Mrs. Rosa E. Cabell Jefferson Mrs. Emma B. Bennett Logan Miss Shella Procter Muhlenberg Mrs. Blanche G. Elliott Todd Mrs. Mayme L. Copeland Trigg Miss Lillie V. Curlin We have learned to depend upon t Address Paris, Route 1 Hopkinsville Lexington, 730 N. Limestone Harlan Henderson Louisville, 640 E. St. Catherine Auburn Greenville Hopkinsville Bumpus Mills, Tenn., Route 1 hese helping teachers to super- vise the schools in their jurisdiction helpfully, to cause their condi- tions to be improved, their programs to be made more interesting, and their library reading greatly increased. 36 '-WEST-KENTU-CKY INDUSTRIAL- COLLEGE An Accredited Junior College PADUCAH, -KENTUCKY , .- For Information, write - D. -H. ANDERSON, Presilent: c' - ~ ~ / - U -Built For Your Protection MTheST.I "':i . -;- .-O -M ESTIC-''-."''..-- -LIFE.- -and ACC IDENT INSURANCE CO' -LOUISVILLE, KEN . ... . - - - ........ V -~ 11 I I I . Kentu ckCeta e - e ... -Life- . and-Ac-ci-dent-Qi-- Insurance Company INCORPORATED - - ome Office-Anchorage, Kentucky Securities in excess of $SOOO dejosited with the State of Kentcky - for -the proteetion 'bf oicoers Liberal-and-generous tidedtment-6 o its policyholders, togther with the most: - advanced metho4d oondut : ngits busi-- -ness,- has placed the company in a pre- -- - - eminent position as respects nancial strength and -public -eonfidence. Ã‚Â£D.sstrwt Offices $6 afZ pricnbpaZ ttes of et~ftikyl Ohio, 1ndia,- West Vtrgit. and PinnsyIvaai. - - -i