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Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.9 n.1-2 Kentucky Negro Educational Association 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2003 kneav9n1_2 These pages may freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.9 n.1-2 Kentucky Negro Educational Association Kentucky Negro Educational Association Louisville, Kentucky 1938 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Volume 9 October-November I 1938 ANNUAL PROQ THE PERRY A. CLINE, S( Pikeville, Kentucky I ~ W R. Cummings, Principal "An Equal Educational Opportunity for Ji 1938 No. 1 CEEDINGS CHOOL T. W. Oliver, Supt. Sverp Kentuckp Child" I Kentucky Central Life and Accident Insurance Company INCORPORATED Home Office .-. Anchorage, Kentucky Over Thirty-five years of faithful service to policyholders Liberal and generous treatment of its policyholders, together with the most advanced method of cond uctin j it.s bu~si- ness, has placed the company in, ra pre- eminent position as respects financial strength and public confidence. District Offices in all principal cities of Kentucky. Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia and Pennsylvania. I _ ____ _ _ __ _--______ ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.G %I I i I !tlq The Kentucky State- College Established 1886 FRANKFORT, KENTUCKY A Progressive State Supported Institution COURSES Arts and Sciences Agriculture Home Economics Education Well Trained Faculty Adequate Library and Laboratory Facilities, Comfortable, Modern Dormitories Full Program of Student Activities Accredited by the University of Kentucky and the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools FOR ALL INFORMATION WRITE TO R. B. ATWOOD, President I The K. N. E. A. Journal Official Organ of the Kentucky Negro Education Association Vol. IX October-November, 1938 NO. 1 Published by the Kentucky Negro, Education Association Editorial Office at 1925 W. Madison Street Louisville, Kentucky Atwood S. Wilson, Executive Secretary, Louisville, Managing Editor. W. H. Fouse, Lexington, President of K. N. E. A. BOARD OF DIRECTORS Lyle Hawkins, Louisville Whitney M. Young, Lincoln Ridge -R. L. Dowery, Columbia V. K. Perry, Louisville Published Bimonthly during the school year: October, December, February and April PRICE 50 CENTS PER YEAR OR 15 CENTS PIER COPY Membership in the K. N. E. A. (One Dollar) includes subscription to the Journal Rates for Advertising space mailed on request Present Circulation, 2,000 Copies. 1938 K. N. E. A. Membership 1456 CONTENTS Officers of the K. N. E. A. for 1938-39 ......... ................. 3 Greetings from the President ............... .................... 4 Editorial Comment ............................................. 7 Minutes of the 1938 General Session of the K. N. E. A ............. 10 Departmental Sessions of the 1938 Convention ...... ............ 17 Proceedings of the Directors Meeting ........................... 28 Report of the K. N. E. A. Research Committee .................. 29 Letter Sent by K. N. E. A. Research Committee ................. 31 Report of the Resolutions Committee ........................... 33 Secretary-Treasurer's Financial Report .......................... 34 The Auditing Committee Report ................................. 38 Suggested Budget for the K. N. E. A. 1938-39 .................... 39 Negro School Districts and Their Needs ......................... 41 (By L. N. Taylor) Address of Dr. Benjamin G. Brawley ............................ 43 Goals in the Education of the Colored Child ..................... 46 (By Atwood S. Wilson) History of the Perry A. Cline Hign School ...................... 49 The 1938 K. N. E. A. Honor Roll ................................ 51 K. N. E. A. Membership by Counties ............................ 54 K. N. E. A. Kullings . .......................................... 55 K. N. E. A. Constitution (Revised to 1938) .... . ........ 56 K. N. E. A. Committees for 1938-1939 ................................ 60 Built For Your Protection The DOMESTIC LIFE and ACCIDENT INSURANCE CO. LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY INTER-COLLEGIATE PRESS 615 Wyandotte Street KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI Manufacturers and Distributors of . YEAR BOOKS JEWELRY INVITATIONS VISITING CARDS DIPLOMAS CAPS AND GOWNS CLASS GIFTS 2MEDALS W. C. COCHRAN Kentucky State Supervisor 2 I Officers of the K. N. E. A. for 1938-39 General Officers W. H. Fouse, President ................................ Lexington H. E. Goodloe, First Vice-President ........................ Russellville Pearl M. Patton, Second Vice-President . ........... Madisonville Atwood S. Wilson, Secretary-Treasurer ....... ........... Louisville L. V. Ranels, Assistant Secretary ........................ Winchester a. W. Parks, Historian ................................... Richmond Board of Directors W. H. Fouse, President ............ ...................... Lexington W. M. Young, (Term expires 1939) .................... Lincoln Ridge R. L. Dowery, (Term expires 1939) ....................... Columbia Lyle Hawkins, (Term expires 1940) . ..................... Louisville Victor K. Perry, (Term expires 1940) .................... Louisville Departmental and Conference Chairmen J. T. Williams, High School and College Department ...... Frankfort LZucy Harth Smith, Elementary Education Department .... Lexington M. L. Copeland, Rural School Department ..............H opkinsville R. L. Carpenter, Music Department . ....................... Louisville Whitney M. Young, Vocational Education Department. .Lincoln Ridge Nora H. Ward, Principals' Conference ...................... Newport Blanche Elliott, Primary Teachers' Conference ............ Greenville Eunice B. Singleton, Youth Council ....................... Louisville Ouida Wilson, Art Teachers' Conference .................. Louisville David H. Bradford, Social Science Teachers' Conference.... Frankfort M. A. Quarles, Science Teachers' Conference ........... Hopkinsville Nancy B. Woolridge, English Teachers' Conference ...... Louisville Hortense Young, Librarians' and Teachers' Conference .... Louisville Lyle Hawkins, Adult Education Teachers' Conference ...... Louisville Robert H. Thompson, Athletic Directors' Conference.... Barbourville Marguerite Parks, Guidance Workers' Conference ......... Louisville Augusta M. Emanuel, Foreign Language Teachers' Conference Louisville K. N. E. A. District Organizers 1. A. V. Weston, Paducah ................ First District Association 2. C. M. Cabell, Henderson ............ Second District Association 3. G. B. Houston, Franklin ............. Third District Association 4. Amos Lasley, Hodgensville ........ Fourth District Association 5. Mayme Morris, Louisville ........ Jefferson County Association 6. H. R. Merry, Covington .............. Fifth District Association 7. W. M. Young, Lincoln Ridge .District A, Bluegrass Association 8. W. E. Newsome, Cynthiana .... District B, Bluegrass Association 9. W. F. Mudd, Jenkins ............... Seventh District Association 10. W. L. Shobe, Middlesboro ............ Ninth District Association 11. C. Jewell Francis, Salt Lick .... Eastern Ky. District Association 12. W. M. Wood, Harlan ..... Upper Cumberland District Association 3 Greetings from the President Lexington, Kentucky October 1, 1938 My dear Co-workers and Fellow Craftsmen: I wish to extend greetings to each of you and sincerely hope that you will have the most suc- cessful year in your teaching careers. During the past vaca- tion a few happenings of educa- tional significance have taken place and merit mention. The first of these is the an- nual meeting of the National Education Association which was held in New York City during June. The N. E. A. this year reg- istered more than 200,000 teach- ers and leaders in education and featured sectional meetings in about 125 departments and spe- cial conferences. The N. E. A. took a militant stand for the academic freedom of the teacher and also its correlate, the need for divorcing politics from edu- cational policy. A second matter stressed was the urgent need of federal aid for our public educa- tion and the necessity of continu- ing the sponsorship of such leg- islation in the next congress. Another objective which the N. E. A. set forth was the elimina- tion of differentials in salaries based on sex. This made me realize the -necessity of colored teachers having greater repre- sentation in the Delegate As- sembly. They could do much to include in such a program the elimination of salary differentials due to race. Three cities had Negro representatives in the Delegate Assembly. These were Kansas City, Kansas, Lexington, 4 Kentucky, and Washington, D C. Dr. Garnett Wilkerson (5f Washington, D. C. made a worth- while contribution in the inter- ests of his race before the Dele- gate Assembly. We must. con- tinue our efforts to further rep- resent our minority group in this great organization. On the same day that the N. E. A. opened the Negroes of America and the entire popula- tion lost one of its leading edu- cators and writers in the person of Dr. James Weldon Johnson. His life is an inspiration to America-this man, a poet, dip- lomat, philosopher, teacher and social engineer. Williaam A. Avery has given a biographic sketch of his life in the Septem- ber 3 issue of "School and So- ciety" which I commend to you for your reading and our school libraries.. In the latter part of July, the American Teachers' Association now termed the A. T. A., and which organization supplants the National Association of Teachers in Colored Schools met at Tuske- gee. This organization gives special attention to the needs in the education of colored chil- dren. One happening was an agreement to recognize the Na- tional Educational Outlook as the official organ of the A. T. A. and the discontinuance of the Bulletin. A membership fee of, $1.50 now pays a one dollar an- nual subscription to the "Educa- tional Outlook" and gives annual membership dues in the A. T. A. I wish to commend this going and growing publication to Ken- tucky teachers. The new presi- dent, Carrington Davis of Balti- more, is a wide awake, enthusias- tic leader worthy of our confi- dence and support. I solicit your renewed interest in the A. T. A. and hope that you will support it just as you do the H. N. E. A. Following my return from Tuskegee, your president made a short good will tour in the in- terest of the K. N. E. A. The places included were Hopkins- ville, Henderson, Paducah, May- field, and Owensboro, outstanding cities in the western section of our state. On this tour a one- hundred per cent enrollment for the K. N. E. A. convention of April 1939 was urged and co- operation sought in the activities of the K. N. E. A. for 1938-39. During the tour my thoughts turned to the havoc wrought by the flood of 1937 and then the educational unrest of 1938 be- cause of the merger of W. K. I. C. and K. S. I. C. Although somewhat depressed by the un- certain destiny of the school at Paducah, the people of the West are still hopeful. They hope that the new school will not only sat- isfy a long waited need along the lines of trade and industrial edu- cation but will also have junior college offerings so that their graduates can qualify for voca- tional adjustment or teaching and *for that citizenship which natur- ally follows a larger educational background. We are troubled to note that one of our great edu- cational pioneers has been lost in this educational juggle known as the "Merger." This happens to be in opposition to what was promised should the merger go through-namely that all of the employees of the state would be given work. If this is an ex- pression of reprisal for any stands taken relative to the "Merger," it not only is tinged with educational tyranny but is a big step in throwing our state schools back into politics. It is hoped that the state will carry out its promises to give us an "A" college at Frankfort and make appropriations large enough to carry out such a program. During the past summer there have been several happenings that have affected our school personnel. The causes for them range from the tricky arrow of Cupid and mandatory retirement laws to "Te Reaper" who blind- ly cuts down human grain of all ages. Mrs. M. M. Elliott of Har- rodsburg, long a successful prin- cipal married and retired. Prof. J. L. Bean, for about twenty years the principal of the Sim- mons Street School at Versailles and for many years a K. N. E. A. director passed away after a short illness during the vacation of 1938. Only last year we lost other principals of long and ef- ficient service, Prof. W. L. Boman of Bardstown and Dr. Wm. Tar- diff of Stanford. There also passed away. Miss Nannie Hardy, for many years a teacher in the Carver Elementary School of Lexington. At Lexington due to retirement regulations, the writer was auto- matically retired with honor and placed on the pension list. At this time I wish to express grati- tude to. Lexington citizens, the Dunbar High School faculty and students, and to my many friends throughout the State for their expressions and testimonials in the forms of letters, original poems, and 'concrete ponder- ables whose use and beauty 5 are constant reminders of the high esteem in which my feeble efforts have been evaluated. Prof. P. L. Guthrie, last year the principal at Richmond, was elected to the principalship of Dunbar High School. He has al- ready made the beginning of what I trust will be a long happy administration crowned with suc- cess. My closing word is to say a word of commendation in behalf of our efficient secretary who has already begun to show that he is on the job by getting ready the educational snap shots that are sent out under the caption of "K. N. E. A. Newsettes." Yours very cordially,' W. H. FOUSE, President of R. N. E. A. LINCOLN INSTITUTE OF KENTUCKY LINCOLN RIDGE, KENTUCKY A fully accredited VOCA- TIONAL HIGH SCHOOL for young people of Ken- tucky who desire an equal educational opportunity. A qualified faculty. i College preparatory cour- ses J o kAccredited by the South- ern Association of Col- leges and Secondary Schools and the State De- ~~/ ~~~ partrnent of Education, as |. , an A -class school. Vocational courses under State regulations and adequately equipped Ap- plied Electricity, Plumb- ing, Steam Boiler Opera- tion, Janitorial Service, Agriculture, Dairying, ~ Building Trades, Home S~tA~?~: Economics, Music. ~~~ ~Boarding Department with reasonable rates. A well-regulated program for the all-around develop- ment of the student. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION WRITE WHITNEY M. YOUN2G0, Director LINCOLN INSTITUTE 6 I I i Editorial Comment ACTIVITIES FOR 1938-39 In a separate article titled "Goals in the Education of the Colored Child," there have been set forth some worthy objectives for teaching for the year 1938-39. No arguing is necessary to Kentucky teachers to have them realize that there are problems peculiar in the educa- tion of the colored child and that when a colored student faces life's; situations he meets opposition and barriers that are discouraging to him unless he is prepared in advance to know how to overcome these situations. It is hoped that teachers in Kentucky will study these problems with the idea of putting them into practice. The future of the colored race lies largely in the hands of its teachers and min- isters. It is up to them to give that sort of guidance that will aid in meeting the problems peculiar to a minority race in America. While we are teaching our prescribed courses of study, let us seek to engage in those activities that will lead to the attainment of the goals set forth elsewhere in this Journal. Another activity of the K. N. E. A. will be the formation of a salary equalization committee. President Fouse is interested in the equalization of salaries and the enactment of all phases of the school code as it is written. The K. N. E. A. will lend its efforts to this committee, which is to undertake this noteworthy activity of the K. N. E. A. Attention is called to the report of the Research Committee, and a letter from its chairman, Dr. G. .D. Wilson, relative to the salary situation for colored teachers in Kentucky. The K. N. E. A. will feature its annual Spelling Bee and shortly the secretary-treasurer will send from his office announcements arid a suggested word list for the 1938-39 Spelling Be'e, the finals of which will be held in Louisville on Friday, April 14, 1939. The plan of 1938 will be the one used again this year. Mention will be made several places in the Journal of the forma- tion of a Youth Council. This will be a new feature of the K. N. E. A. and already plans are being made for the first meeting of this youth council at the 1939 convention. It is felt that the youth of our state have problems and face situations in which the K. N. E. A. can be of special help to them. The K. N. E. A. will use its influence to have our state college at Frankfort made an "AA" class school. We shall also use our in- fluence to push forward the program of vocational training to be offered at West Kentucky Vocational School. We need both types of schools and the K. N. E. A. will work for the general interest of all the children in all parts of the state. There will be three issues of the K. N. E. A. Journal and an at- tempt will be made to keep the Journal at the same high level as 7 heretofore. The K. N. E. A. Journal is a leader in size and quality among other educational journals published by colored teachers' associations. The K. N. E. A. will continue to work with the National Educa- tion Association in its attempt to have a Federal enactment which will give help to the southern states. We shall continue to insist that any appropriations which are to be made will be made with the idea that they are to give colored children their share of the funds. We shall take the point of view that such provisions should be written into the law whenever it is passed. The activities suggested should receive the cooperation of ali members of the K. N. E. A. and new teachers in the profession. We welcome all new teachers into the profession and extend to these and others who worked heretofore, greetings and best wishes for a successful school year during 1938-39. THE PROPOSED K. N. E. A. BUDGET The secretary-treasurer of the K.- N. E. A. brought to the atten- tion of the K.N.E.A. at the1938 Business session, a report in which he showed that the K. N. E. A. would have a deficit yearly if it were not for the annual pageant given by the Louisville public school chil- dren. The requests of various departments have grown to the ex- tent that the K. N. E. A. should either raise its membership fee or have its expenses conform to its income. Since the constitution does not permit the membership fee to be raised as it is now written, it seems desirable that we follow a budget so as to live within the estimated income. This suggested budget is found elsewhere in this publication and will be acted upon officially by the Board of Di- rectors with any necessary revision. THE SCHOOL AT PIKEVILLE On the outside of this Journal will be found a picture of the Perry A. Cline High School at Pikeville, Kentucky. This is a school of modern design and which has become the center of one of our mountain communities. At the 1938 convention of the K. N. E. A., the principal of this school, Mr. W. R. Cummings, received the Lincoln Institute Key Award for outstanding services in education. Through his very fine work his school has become an accredited school and its community services have become outstanding in Kentucky. The Parent-Teacher Association of this school has been very active and will entertain the state annual convention of the colored P. T. A. in Kentucky. A TASK FOR TEACHERS As one observes the conduct of our younger people and even older ones, there can be no question as to their many personality deficiencies. For example, many of our children do not know how to behave in a gathering, particularly a moving picture show. They laugh at the wrong time and many of them are uncouth in general. s This is a task for our teachers. Let us teach them how to be fit members of an audience. Our children learn English in school, but they are very careless in using it. Few of them take the pains to pronounce words fluent- ly and to speak in correct sentences. Teachers should emphasize proper enunciation and produce children who will exhibit training through the type of English which they use. This is another task for teachers. One of the common habits of our children is the use of a word which sounds like "Negro" among themselves. They object strenu- ously when a member of the white race uses this word, and yet they are careless in using it themselves. Let us teach them to refrain from the use of this objectionable word. The editor of the K. N. E. A. Journal wonders if the word "colored" is not more fitting to our group in America. It appears that the white people who use the word "colored" do so with a feeling of a bit more respect. Certainly the usage of a word which is obnoxious to us and which is closely akin in its pronunciation to the word"Negro" should be eliminated from the vocabularies of our children, and this is suggested as a ma- jor task for teachers. THE CONSTITUTION OF THE K. N. E. A. At the 1938 convention of the K. N. E. A., three amendments were added to the constitution. Elsewhere in this issue of the Jour- nal there appears a copy of our constitution revised to date. Mem- bers of the K. N. E. A. are urged to read this constitution and to note in particular the recent amendments to it. One amendment is to recognize as permanent members of the K. N. E. A., those teachers who have retired with honor, after giving many years of service. Another amendment is to clarify the duties of the Board of Directors of the K. N. E. A. Another amendment permits persons other than teachers who are interested in the education of colored children to be members of the Legislative Committee. These amendments re- ceived the necessary vote at the 1938 convention and now make a part of the constitution. OUR KENTUCKY SUPERINTENDENTS The secretary of the K. N. E. A. would like to commend the superintendents of Kentucky for their interest in the Kentucky Negro Education Association. As one may note in the Honor Roll pub- lished herein that many superintendents have sent in the enrollment fees of their colored teachers to the K. N, E. A. secretary just as they have sent in the fees of their white teachers to the secretary of the K. E. A. Each year the number of superintendents who show an interest in the K. N. E. A. increases. It is hoped that the super- intendents will mention enrollment in the K. N. E. A. when they ad- dress their colored teachers. Some superintendents have some col- ored teacher or principal to see that the fees are collected and sent to the K. N. E. A. Secretary. Many superintendents look forward to receiving their honor roll for the 100 per cent enrollment of colored teachers in the K. N. E. A. 9 Minutes of the 1938 General Session of the K. N. E. A. Sixty-second Annual Convention of K. N. E. A., Louisville, Ky. April 13-16, 1938. FIRST GENERAL SESSION Wednesday, April 13, 1938 8:15 P. X, The Kentucky Negro Educa- tion Association held its sixty- second annual session in Louis- ville on April 13-16, 1938. This session was opened with H. E- Goodloe, first vice-president of the K. N. E. A. presiding, and past presidents seated on the rostrum. After appropriate music by the Central High School Glee Club under the direction of Miss Nannie G. Board and the invoca- tion by Reverend G. H. Jenkins, pastor of Quinn Chapel Church, a brief welcome was given by C. M. H. Morton, president of the Louisville Association of Teach- ers in Colored Schools. Mrs. Pearl M. Patton, principal of the Rosen- wald High School, Madisonville, made the response to the wel- come address. The first main address of the evening was that of W. H. Fouse, President of the K. N. E. A. Pres- ident Fouse summarized the achievements of his administra- tion, pointing out the legislation that had been enacted which af- fected Negro children, the activi- ties of the K. N. E. A. relative to the merger of our two state col- leges, and his interest in desir- ing the colored teachers in Ken- tucky to have representation in the National Education Associa- tion. He also mentioned the K. N. E. A.'s cooperation with the K. E. A. for the enactment of a teacher retirement plan in Ken- tucky. President Fouse also sug- gested that there be an effort made to have retired teachers 10 given a pension by the state. The second main address of the evening was given by I. J. K. Wells, Supervisor of Colored Schools of West Virginia. Mr. Wells spoke on the topic, "Im- proving the Economic Status of the Negro by Utilizing Our Pur- chasing Power." Mr. Wells -stressed the idea of buying cor- modities from only those manu- facturers that employed Negro labor and that we plan more largely to urge our youth to en- ter business pursuits. Mr. Wells was introduced by President R. B. Atwood of Kentucky State Col- lege. The final feature of this ses- sion was the awarding of a trophy to Miss L. V. Ranels, as- sistant secretary of the K. N. E. A., in recognition of her service for the fifteen year period from 1922 to 1937. The presentation was made with appropriate re- marks by President H. C. Rus- sell, president of the West Ken- tucky Industrial College. SECOND GENERAL SESSION Thursday, April 14, 1938 9:00 A. M. The Second General Session of the K. N. E. A. was opened by the singing of the Negro Nation- al Anthem led by Mrs. Blanche Elliott, Greenville, and the invo- cation by Reverend W. Augustus Jones, pastor of the Fifth Street Baptist Church, Louisville. The report of the Necrology Commit- tee was made. Services in re- membrance of deceased members of the K. N. E. A. were then con- ducted by Reverend W. P. Offutt, pastor of the Calvary Baptist Church, Louisville. Others who participated in the exercises were Reverend R. E. Pierson, pastor of the Christian Church and Mr. Carl M. Burnside who called the roll of the deceased members. The Legislative Committee of the K. N. E. A. then reported its activities through its chairman, Prof. A. E. Meyzeek, Louisville. Prof. Meyzeek mentioned the fact that the K. N. E. A. Legisla- tive Committee had worked in such a way as to help bring about the retention of the West Ken- tucky Industrial College as a vocational school, rather than have it discontinued entirely. The K. N. E. A. Legislative Com- mittee also reported that it help- ed to have the separate bus bill tabled at the 1938 general as- sembly. He stated that the Leg- islative Committee had had sev- eral meetings and had been active in the support of measures that had improved the status of the Negro child and on the alert to keep from passing any bills that would affect the Negro youth in an undesirable manner. The secretary-treasurer, Atwood S. Wilson, then made his finan- cial report to the general asso- ciation. Mimeographed copies of the report were distributed among the audience. Various items in the receipts and expendi- tures were explained for the in- formation of those assembled. The secretary-treasurer's report will appear in the October-No- vember issue of the 1938 K. N. E. A. Journal. The secretary pointed out that the income of the organization was greatly in- creased through an annual pag- eant given by the Louisville pub- lic schools. He pointed out that he used much energy in trying to direet these pageants and urged *11 that the K. N. E. A. set up a budget so as to operate on the enrollment fees rather than de- pend on the revenue from an en- tertainment which is approxi- mately the balance in the treas- ury annually. The Auditing Committee then reported through its chairman, P. L. Guthrie, Richmond. The Auditing Committee reported that the books of the secretary-treas- urer were carefully audited and that his records were well kept and one hundred per cent ac- curate. The Resolutions Committee then reported through its chair, man, Professor S. L. Barker of Owensboro. These resolutions ap- pear in the October-November is- sue of the 1938 K. N. E. A. Jour- nal. By vote of the association these resolutions were adopted after its findings during the con- vention. Mr. Roy Chummelly, superin- tendent of the Nursery School and Adult Education was then presented by Mr. Lyle Hawkins, supervisor of the VWPA schools for Negroes in Jefferson County. Mr. Chummelly fittingly intro- duced Senator M. M. Logan, a guest speaker on this program. The main address of the morn- ing was that given by Dr. Zenos E. Scott, superintendent of the Louisville public schools. Dr. Scott was fittingly introduced by W. H. Ferry, Jr., principal of Madison Junior High School. Dr. Scott told the K. N. E. A. that "Constant training in the right attitude toward life itself, and the right moral action in the dis- charge of common duties, con- stitute a real part of education." '"Mere training and experience will not produce the best type of citizenship," Dr. Scott said. 'The keenest intelligence does not necessarily guarantee the highest type of life. Intelligence itself must be guided. "Public education undertakes no less program than this-that children learn how to serve first themselves, then others, and in that unselfish service they begin that training which later in life means honesty of purpose in business, courage in the dis- charge of moral obligations, un- stinted endeavor in voting right and acting right on questions of principle." Dr. Scott stressed re-study of the large aims of education, in- cluding "training for worthy citizenship, health, 'the right habit formation and the correct use of leisure time." He said it is the duty of schools to train !children to want to do xight. After the address of Dr. Scott, the report of the Nominating Committee was read. The com- mittee recommended that the of- ficers be elected as listed in the October-November issue of the 1938 K. N. E. A. Journal, except in the case of the members of the Board of Directors. The secretary-treasurer was empow- ered to cast one ballot to offi- cially elect these officers. Four members were nominated for the Board of Directors for balloting on Friday, April 15. These can- didates were: V. K. Perry, Louis- ville, W. L. Shobe, Middlesboro, Lyle Hawkins, Louisville, and P. Moore, Hopkinsville. The associa- tion then voted to adopt the amendments which had been published in the January-Febru- ary issue of the 1937 K. N. E. A. Journal in accordance with the K. N. E. A. constitution. These 12 amendments appear in the re- vised constitution of the K. N. E. A. The secretary-treasurer then called attention to. an amendment which had been submitted by Prof. P. Moore of Hopkinsville relative to a change in the plan of voting at the K. N. E. A. A motion finally passed that Prof. Moore's amendment be returned to him and be resubmitted by -him according to the constitution and voted on at the next session of the K. N. E. A. by the mem- bers of the K. N. E. A. in ac- cordance with the constitution relative to amendments. THIRD GENERAL SESSION Thursday, April 14, 1938 8:15 P. M. The Third General Session of the K. N. E. A. was opened by music furnished by Bourgard College of Music and Art under the direction of Miss IolaJordan. Seated on the rostrum were pres- idents of the district associations and district organizers. The in- vocation was rendered by the Reverend T. S. Ledbetter, pastor of the Plymouth Congregational Church, Louisville. Opening music was rendered by the Lin- coln Institute Chorus under the direction of Mrs. Alene Martin. The first main address of the evening was given by Dr. Ben- jamin D. Brawley, professor of English at Howard University. Brawley was fittingly Introduced by Mrs. Nancy Bullock Wool- ridge, chairman of the English Department of the K. N. E. A. and instructor of English at the Louisville Municipal College. The address of Dr. Brawley was an outstanding address of the K. N. E. A. convention and the sum- mary of his address appears in the October-November issue of the 1938 K. N. E. A. Journal. Dr. Brawley spoke on the topic, "Facts to Teach Negro Children." A solo was then rendered by Mr. Lacronia F. Crosby, tenor of Cov- ington, Kentucky. The Lincoln Institute Key Award was then made by Atwood S. Wilson, secretary-treasurer of the K. N. E. A. A committee con- sisting of Mr. L. N. Taylor, the secretary-treasurer of the K. N. E. A. and C. W. Allen, trustee of Lincoln Institute, announced that a tie had been declared and awards were made to Mr. Lyle Hawkins, supervisor of Adult Education in Louisville and Mr. W. R. Cummings, principal of the Pikeville school in Pikeville, Kentucky. Mr. Hawkins was given the award for directing a program of adult education such as to secure nation-wide atten- tion. Mr. Cummings has devel- oped a character building pro- gram and a standard public school service with a modern building well-equipped in a sec- tion of the state where there never before had been an accre- dited high school for Negro chil- dren. The final address of the eve- nIng was given by Miss Helen A. Whiting, supervisor of colored schools in Atlanta, Georgia. Miss Whiting was introduced by Mrs. M. L. Copeland, chairman of the Rural School Department of the K. N. E. A. Miss Whiting stress- ed problems of teaching in the elementary schools and explained some of the work which had been done in her section relative to solving some of the problems that affect the education of Ne- gro children in rural communi- ties. 13 FOURTH GENERAL SESSION Friday, April 15, 1938 2:15 P. M. The Fourth General Session of the K. N. E. A. was preceded by a band concert under the di- rection of Mr. Otis Eades of the Kentucky School for the Blind. This session was officially open- ed by an invocation rendered by the Reverend M. B. Lanier and with President W. H. Fouse pre- siding. President Fouse suggest- ed that the K. N. E. A. consider a young people's organization to be associated with the K. N. E. A. President Fouse announced the appointment of Miss Eunice Singleton of Louisville to or- ganize such group along with others whom she might choose. Opening music was furnished by the Boys' Glee Club of Jackson Junior High School under the di- rection of Mr. Daniel. An address was then made by Dean David A. Lane, Jr., of the Louisville Municipal College. Dean Lane pointed out that per- sonality played an important part in our youth and urged that more attention be given to this phase of our educational pro- gram. Dean Lane's address was followed by music furnished by the Girls' Glee Club of Madison Junior High School, under the -direction of Miss Alyce Holden. The next major address on the program was given by Dean L. A. Pechstein of the University of Cincinnati. Dean Pechstein was introduced by W. H. Perry, Jr., principal of the Madison Junior High School in Louisville. Dean Pechstein spoke on the topic, "Children of Tomorrow." Dr. Pechstein discussed the scene from which the children are be- ing produced today and empha- sized the n'eed of an educational training for the child that would bring him to know the problems of a changing world and cause them to think about them and have a willingness to attack and bring them to a solution. The session closed with music by the Boys' Glee Club of Madi- son Junior High School under the direction of Mr. William King. An announcement of the Seventh Annual Musicale to. be held at Quinn Chapel on Friday, April 15, 1938 was made. This musicale was held under the. di- rection of Miss R. Lillian Car- penter, chairman of the Music Department of the K. N. E. A.. Outstanding on this programin were the chorus from the Louis- ville Municipal College under the direction of Mrs. Barbara S. Miller and a double quartette representing Kentucky State Col- lege under the direction of Miss C. J. Michaels. The Apollo Quar- tette of Louisville also appeared on the program. Soloists, piano' and vocal, included Mrs. Alfred E. Higgins, Mrs. Leila Wiggins Tate, Jean Unglaub, Tella Marie Cole, Alyce Holden, and Messrs. Wiley B. Daniel, Carl Barbour and William King. FINAL GENERAL SESSION Saturday, April 16, 1938 10:00 A. M. The Final General Session was held at Central High School Gymnasium and was given over largely to the discussion of old and new business of the K. N. E. A. This session was opened with devotional exercises led by W. S. Newsome of Cynthiana and re- marks by W. H. Fouse who pre- sided. President Fouse reported that the National Association for 14 Teachers in Colored Schools had changed its name to American Teachers' Association. President Fouse then made a brief report as a delegate to the. N. A. T. C. S. which was held at Philadelphia in July, 1937. The secretary-treasurer then discussed his attitude toward the changing of the name of the N. A. T. C. S. to the American Teachers' Association. - He stated that he felt that changing the name of the association made the association lose its identity as a Negro organization. And that while the name American Teachers' Association might broaden the scope of the work, it might appear to be an organi- zation doing the same work as the N. E. A. Mr. Wilson felt that the association had a partic- ular object, mainly that of im- proving the education of Negro children and -that the name of the association should somewhat suggest that association. Secre- tary Wilson then stated that he felt the National Association of Teachers in Colored Schools might greatly improve the meth- od of handling its affairs and in some way be sure to send out the bulletin which they promise the teachers, pointing out that this causes it to be difficult to se- cure memberships in Kentucky. After some discussion, it was decided that we send one dele- gate to the A. T. A. which con- venes in Tuskegee, Alabama dur- ing July, 1938. Mr. T. J. Long was elected as this delegate and, allotted $25.00 from the treasury for his expenses as a representa-. tive from the K. N. E. A. The secretary-treasurer then suggest- ed that the K. N. E. A. allow an affiliation fee of $10.00 for the A. T. A. A motion was made and passed. authorizing these ex- penditures. lProf. H. C. Russell of Paducah was then elected as the second official delegate to the A. T. A. in Tuskegee. A mo- tion was also passed that Presi- dent H. C. Russell, Prof. T. J. Long and Mrs. Lucy H. Smith: be a committee to draft the atti- tude of the K. N. E. A. towards the methods carried on in the A. T. A. and to explain the at- titude of Kentucky teachers re- garding the work of the national organization. At the suggestion of the secretary-treasurer it was voted that $10.00 be donated to the Association of Negro Life and History. Mrs. Lucy H. Smith, a member of the executive com- *mittee of this organization, ex- pressed her satisfaction with the K. N. E. A. voting this donation. Mrs. Bertha T. Callery asked that in some way kindergarten education be recognized in the *K. N. E. A. After some discus- sion it was voted that the Pri- mary Department be changed to Kindergarten - Primary Depart- -ment, thus taking in the educa- tion of the pre-school child as suggested by Mrs. Callery. President Fouse then pointed out that the K. N. E. A. direc- tors had approved the organiza- tion of a Youth Council in the K. N. E. A. Remarks were made along this line by Mrs. Mayme Morris of Jefferson County and others. It was moved and sec- onded that Miss Eunice Single- ton of Louisville be head of the youth council at its first session at the 1939 K. N. E. A. Conven- tion. The secretary-treasurer then discussed a report to the K. N. E. A. members in which he brought out the fact that the departments of the K. N. E. A. were requesting funds which the 15 treasury could not allow them and maintain a balance for the year. The secretary-treasurer pointed out that there appeared to beIa need to have a $1.50 mem- bership fee and that a budget should be made limiting the amount to be spent by each de- partment. He pointed out in his recommendation that the K. N. E. A. was depending entirely too much on the pageant funds for its operation and suggested that the membership fee be in- creased and that expenditures in various departments. be changed according to a system of rotation which he recommend- ed. This change recommended that certain departments be al- lowed guest speakers one year and then confine themselves to an expenditure of $10.00 the fol- lowing year and until time for them to have a guest speaker again. The K. N. E. A. secre- tary also suggested that each department have a constitution to guide its activities in a more scientific manner. The secretary - treasurer re- ported an enrollment of 1456. A resolution was then present- ed by Mr. Cooper in which there was expressed thanks to Gov- ernor A. B. Chandler for main- taining West Kentucky College as a vocational school at Padu- cah. After remarks by Presi- dent H. C. Russell, Prof. J. B. Cooper, A. E. Meyzeek and oth- ers, a motion was passed that the board of Directors be in- structed to cooperate with others at Paducah for the proposed in- dustrial training school. A mo- tion was made that the K. N. E. A. express its appreciation to Governor Chandler for the con- tinuance of the school at Padu- cah and for the continuance of the appropriation for the school at Frankfort. This motion was finally tabled due to the fact that mention was made that such an idea was expressed in the re- port of the resolutions commit- tee and that this motion was un- necessary. Dr. G. D. Wilson of the Louis- ville Municipal College who acted as chairman of the Research Committee due to the fact that Mr. E. M. Norris left the state, then made his report. Dr. Wil- son's report appears in the Octo- ber-November issue of the 1938 K N. E. A. Journal. By vote of the association the report of the Research Committee was ap- proved and it was decided that two other members be appointed to the committee by the presi- dent of the K. N. E. A. Mr. T. R. Dailey of Kentucky State College then made his re- port as chairman of the High School and College Department. In his report he stressed the de- sire of that department to have a membership fee of the K. N. E. A. increased to $1.50 per member in order to have funds to take care of convention expenditures without depending on entertain- ments. Miss C. E. Johnson then made a report of the Librarians' Department. Mrs. Lucy H. Smith made a report for the Elementary Department. It was then suggested that the report of Prof. G. W. Parks, historian, and other departmental chair- men who have not reported be filed in the office of the K. N. E. A. secretary and be published in the K. N. E. A. Journal. A report was then made of the Election Committee which show- ed that the candidates for the board of directors had received votes as follows: V. K. Perry, 134; Lyle Hawkins, 130; P. Moore, 84; J. L. Bean, 78; and W. L. Shobe, 64. After some extended remarks by President Fouse relative to membership in the N. E. A. it was moved and seconded that the K. N. E. A. go on record as following the suggestions of President Fouse for greater representation in the N. E. A. and for such procedures as would allow, more voting power in the delegates' assembly of the N. E. A. that would be in the interest of Negro education. The Sixty-second Session of the Kentucky Negro Education Association was officially ad- journed by the singing of "God Be With You Till We Meet Again" and the benediction by Prof. G. W. Adams of Winchester. L. V. RANELS, Assistant Secretary ATWOOD S. WILSON, Secretary-Treasurer W. H. FOUSE, President BROWN'S LETTER AND PRINT SHOPPE 533 S. 10th St. Louisville, Ky. Phone WA. 5629 We Emphasize These Essentials ACCURACY-PROMPTNESS-ECONOMY A Comparison Confirms This Statement Mail or Phone Us Your Order 16 Departmental Sessions of the 1938 Con- vention THE HIGH SCHOOL AND COL- LEGE DEPARTMENT On Thursday, April 14, at 2:30 P. M., the High School and Col- lege Department met in the Sun- day School room of Quinn Chapel A. M. E. Church and carried out the program as outlined in the official program of the K. N. E. A. which follows: Opening Remarks . Chairman.T. R. Dailey Music (a) "Lullaby"-J. W. Wrok (b) "Little Tommy Went A-Fishing"-Macy Central High School boys' Glee Club Carl J. Barbour, Di- rector Paper: "The Role of the Dean of Women in the Improvement of Personality"-Mrs. Ann Jack- son Heartwell, Dean of Wo- men, Kentucky State College, Frankfort, Kentucky. Discussion: Led by Miss Eunice B. Singleton, Madison Junior High School, Louisville, Ken- tucky. The entire group and officers of this department wish to thank Miss Eunice Singleton, Madison Junior High School, Louisville, and Mrs. Ann J. Heartwell, Dean of Women, Kentucky State Col- lege, Frankfort. Following their discussions, the topic was opened to the house for further discus- sion and the following persons made worthwhile contributions to the topic: Dr. J. T. Williams, Dean of Kentucky State College, President H. C. Russell, West Kentucky Industrial College and Dr. G. D. Wilson of Louisville Municipal College, Prof. W. S. 17 Blanton, Mayo-Underwood High School, Frankfort, and Miss Hen- rietta Brogwell, West Kentucky Industrial College. The entire group expressed their appreciation to Prof. T. R. Dailey, for the splendid work and interest he had shown in the de- partment for the past five years. The department under his super- vision has been made one of the best of the K; N. E. A. The following officers were elected: Dr. J. T. Williams, Chair- man; Austin Edwards, Secretary. The High School and College department wishes to make the following recommendations: (1) The K. N. E. A. member- ship fee be raised from $1.00 to $1.50 per year in order that we may have funds to take care of Convention expenditures without depending on entertainments. (2) The Secretary-Treasurer in his annual report points out the fact that the organization is not able to function properly on the present fee and suggests that a departmental fee be collected by departmental groups. In the opinion of the officers of this department the above recommen- dation (No. 1) is better, because first-good administration calls for centralization of fees-sec- ond-departmental fees will in many instances hurt the attend- ance, third-the only sure meth- od of fees being collected is through the secretary of the K. N. E. A. T. R. DAILEY, Chairman AUSTIN EDWARDS, JR., Secretary ELEMENTARY EDUCATION DEPARTMENT The Elementary Education De- partment of the K. N. E. A. held its meetings as scheduled on the official program. Music and demonstrations by Miss Edith Wilson, Mrs. Mayme Morris, Miss Carrie McAtee, and Mrs. Agnes Duncan were enjoyed. Mrs. Kate Hancock Brown of Kentucky State College gave a well prepared discussion on teaching the social sciences. Mrs. Mayme Morris' observa- tions of European youth were illuminating, especially were we interested in her account of the world famous school, "Harold on the Hill" twenty-five miles from London, England. Miss Patsy Sloan's report of the Elementary Education De- partment of the American Teach- ers' Association was interesting. A demonstration by Miss Helen Anthony presented to the teach- ers the latest methods in the teaching of reading and many of the visiting teachers claimed that they had learned more about clocks than they had ever known. The Voice Speaking Choir by Mrs. Olive K. Boone gave to the teachers many new methods of teaching pupils to speak through the medium of song. Dr. Gordon Hendrickson through the discussion of the "Classroom Application of Men- tal Hygiene" impressed the teachers with their great respon- sibility in their field. He stated that two of every ten pupils would probably meet with mental breakdown at some time in their lives and it was necessary for teachers to be mentally healthy themselves in order to have a mentally healthy atmosphere in their classrooms. 18 A unit on African culture given by Mrs. Nealy directed by Miss Charlotte Wilson of Kentucky State College brought to the teachers the importance of bring- ing to the children that unex- plored field of African culture so necessary to their well being and self-respect. The Spelling Contest in this department directed by Professor G. H. Brown was well conducted. The Spelling Contest for 1938 at- tracted more than thirty entries from various sections of the state. Prizes were awarded to all contestants, the first prize being $25.00 and having been do- nated by the Louisville Courier- Journal. The first prize was won by Walter Taylor of the Jeffer- son-Jacobs School in Jefferson county. The second prize of $10.00 was won by James Staf- ford of Owen county, and the third prize of $5.00 was won by Christine Carpenter of Woodford county. Prizes were donated by the K. N. E. A., Atlanta Life In- surance Company, Domestic Life Insurance Company, Mammoth Life Insurance Company, Mason and Hobbs Funeral Directors, and the Local Loan Company of Louisville. Entries in the spell- ing contest and the systems which they represent follow: Mary Irene Walker, Hazard City; Dollie Perdue, Perry coun- ty; Bertha Bradley, Hart county; Josephine Montgomery, Logan county; Elinor Yates, Mason county; Fred Sloan, Wayne coun- ty; Bettie Winclock, Louisville; Walter J. Taylor, Jefferson coun- ty; Vernita Ray, Jessamine coun- ty; Ulysses Parker, Jr., Todd county; Nannie Burnam, Garrard county; James Stafford, Owen county; Herman Roberts, Scott county; Elvice Mucker, Meade county; Edith Wilson, Henry county; Naomi Curd,. Barren county; Dorothy Hill, Hardin county, Joe Anna Leavell, Todd county; Ernest R..Hoagland, Bul- litt county; Thelnia Washington, Fulton county; Lucy Mae Thursr- ton, Carroll county: Margaret Todd, Madison county; 304X Wilford, Trigg county; Mae 'E. Taylor, Bourbon county; Kath- 'erine Burchinson, Christian couin- ty; Mabel E. Brooks, Henderson county; Margaret Jones,. Taylor county; Inez Bailey, Green coun- ty; Margaret Walker, Muhlen- berg county; Hettie Wickliffe, Nelson county; Lyna Mae Cun- ningham, Montgomery county; Stella Ballenger, Bell county; Barbara Oliver, Union county; Willie Payne, Trenton City; Theresa Henderson, Clark coun- ty; Edna Foley, Mason county; Lillian Brown, Fayette county; and Christine Carpenter, Wood- ford county. LUCY HARTH SMITH, Chairman MARY W. GILL, Secretary RURAL SCHOOL DEPART- MENT The Rural School Department, under the chairmanship of Mrs. M. L. Copeland had a very profitable session. On Wednes- day, April 13 at 2:00 P. M., Mrs. Copeland was the hostess to a luncheon, honoring the Jeanes teachers of Kentucky. This lunch- eon was held at Central High School, and invited guests -in.- cluded the administrators of va- rious institutions in. Kentucky. The problems of the Jeanes teachers were discussed ..at . the luncheon and much needed in- formation was given to adminis- trators who seemed not. well 19 acquainted with the wark df the Jieanes teachvrsr. This sessihn was followed by a conference of the Jeanes teachers at which Mr. L. N. Taylor, Director Rural Edu- cation, Frankfort, and. other in- vited speakers talked to the Jeanes teachers in session rela- tive to their work. A guest at this conference was Dr. Ar- th-ur D. Wright of Washington, D. C. On Thursday, April 14 at 2:30 P. M. the main session. of the Rural School Department. was held in the gymnasium of Cen- tral High School. Opening exer- cises were conducted by Mrs. Emma Quarles of Christian county and music numbers were furnished by representatives of several counties in Kentucky. A panel discussion. on the question of "How May Our Rural Schools Contribute to Better -Living?" featured the meeting. Those par- ticipating in the discussion were: Mrs. Ethel B. Peyton of Fayette county; Miss Lorraine Francis, Fayette county; Mr. H. C. Buck- ner, Clark county; Mr. John E. Hayes, Jefferson county; . Miss Floy Fisher, Taylor county; Miss Hazel M. Fellows, Henderson county; Mrs. Ruth G. Scott, Todd county; and Mrs. Ida.M. Ross of Mason. county.. Guest speakers on theprogram were Dr. Arthur D. . Wright,. President, Southern Education Foundation F u n d, Washington, D. C., and. Mr. L. N. Taylor, Director of Rural Edu- cation, Frankfort, Kentucky. . This department also had an exhibit-showing some of the work that had been. done by the Jeanes teachers . in Kentucky. Mrs. -M. L. Copeland also showed initia- tive in.. having. Miss Helen A. Whiting, an outstanding worker in Rural education and having her address the general associa- tion on Thursday, April 14' at the evening session. M. L. COPELAND, Chairman. MUSIC DEPARTMENT The Music Department of the K. N. E. A. presented its Sev- enth Annual Musicale which has been mentioned in the minutes of the general association. On Wednesday, April 13 at 3:00 P. M., the annual student musicale was presented. Many of the students of the Louisville Public Schools and others who were taking private lessons were pre- sented on the program. The Wednesday evening musi- cale at 7:00 P. M. featured local artists. Piano solos were ren- dered by the following persons: Wilma Holland, Thomas F. Blue, Jr., Leonora Yates, Robert Craw- ford, Wiley B. Daniel, Jr., Mrs. G. D. Wilson, and Alyce Holden. The Louisville Choral Club ren- dered a chorus. On Thursday, April 14, at 2:00 P. M., the Music Department of the K. N. E. A. met in room 102 of Central High School. There was a general discussion on the theme, "Teaching to Set Up At- titudes of Appreciation." Those on the program were Miss Helen Anthony, Mrs. Barbara S. Mil- ler, William King, Wiley B. Dan- Iel, and Hayes Strider. The dis- cussion was opened by Miss Nan- nie G. Board. The Thursday evening musicale held at 7:00 P. M. featured the presentation of state artists. Among those who appeared on this program were the follow- ing: C. E. Norman, Director of Ridgewood School Band, R. G. Thomas, Paris, vocal soloist of Midway, Mrs. Carma S. Freeman, 20 vocal soloist of Elktop, Caroline Glover, Frankfort, and Mr. Hayes Strider, organist of Lexington. The final session of the Music Department was held on Friday, April 15 at 9:30 A. M. The guest speaker on this program was Miss Helen Curtis, Instructor in Musical College, Chicago, Illinois, and an outstanding authority in piano instruction. Miss Helen Curtis was introduced by Miss Boswell, Supervisor of Music in the Louisville Public Schools. Miss R. Lillian Carpenter pre- sided over all the sessions of the Music Department, and reported a. very profitable meeting. R. LILLIAN CARPENTER, Chairman. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION DEPAITMENT The Vocational Education De- partment met in the, Sunday School room of Quinn Chapel, and was called to order at 9:00 A. M. by Professor Whitney M. Young, chairman. After leading in prayer, Prof. Young made a few general remarks, then intro- duced Miss L. A. Anderson of Kentucky State College, who, after reading a most wonderful paper on- her line of work, gave an excellent demonstration on designing and fitting slip covers for worn furniture. She stressed careful selection of material, color matching, and methods of fit and finish, also she stated that the slip cover method is the cheapest way of renovating and beautifying old and worn furniture. Her demonstration showed her to be an artisan at her work. Professor Young in commenting on Miss Anderson's demonstration, stated that pupils would take more pride in and fol- low their vocations far better if teachers were more practical In their teaching. We were then favored with a vocal solo, "Water Boy" by Mr. Scott D). Jones, Lincoln Institute, who rendered a lovely interpreta- tion of the selection. Dr. Woods of the State Depart- ment of Vocational Education, Frankfort, was the next speaker. Dr. Woods stressed the point that the teacher should be so prepared that he himself, the community, and society shall be pleased with and benefitted by the product he turns out. In order to do this, he says the teacher must get proper responses in student ac- tivities. He further stated that life's activities should be the bases of all training, and if we hope for proficiency, we must train one in the line he is to fol- low. He stated that 54 per cent of one's training is generally to- ward indirect efficiency. We should aim at ability and atti- tudes by development through the process of operation. He says the whole process of education is to teach folks to make a living. Culture, he stated, does not con- sist of the 54 per cent of indi- rect efficiency, but in the 46 per cent that fits one with the proper abilities and attitudes to take his place in society. Mr. Woods sug- gested that this body should or- ganize and become members of' the American Vocational Associa- tion for strength in vital ques- tions. At this point, the Lincoln In- stitute Quartette rendered a very sweet selection, after which Miss H. R. Bethea of Hickman county spoke at length on the progress of Home Demonstration in Ken- tucky. She stated that the work orig- inated in Texas In 1903. In 1913 the Smith-Lever Act was passed 21 in 6rder that the atarn and dotun- ty people might live ffijer and happier lives through the AgricUl- tural and Home Demonstrations agents. - The function if these itekits as stated by Miss Bethea is to acquaint the people with their op- portunities for better living through the Fiederal aid, and then by thorough demonstration, train them In the proper use of what they get. There are only two colored agents In Kentucky, Miss Bethea being the first one ap- pointed. Her appointment came May 15, 1936. Professor H. C. Russell, the next speaker, spoke on the sub- ject, "Character Traits to be Stressed for Vocational Adjust- ment." He especially stressed such traits as honesty, indus- triousness, self-control, self-reli- ance, etc. Professor Russell stated that the Negro has neg- lected many of his vocational op- portunities, and pointed out sev- eral that offer opportunities, such as, florists, journalists, caterists, cartoonists, etc. He said that vo- cational education must train and motivate our pupils in line of oc- cupations which are commonly open to them if its objectives are to become anything more than a farce. Our next speaker was Profes- sor Merry of Covington, who spoke briefly on "The Qualities of Guidance Teachers." He stated that as the times change, we as Guidance teachers must make necessary adjustments. if.. -we are to guide our pupils correctly. He stated that to be qualified as such a teacher they must be well train- ed in the subject matter of the vocations and be able to guide his pupils into that particular voca- tion for which he is best fitted. Mr. Taylor of the State De- partment of Vocational Educa- tion was next introduced. He stated that a sound philosophy of education must involve a vo- cational program, but other phases must not be neglected, as there are many subjects which must be taught for understand- Ing and appreciation. He stated that from learning we gain appreciation, and out of appreciation we gain inspiration. At this point, Mrs. Morton, the program committee chair- man, thanked all participants for their contributions. We then adjourned the general session to go into a business ses- sion. One-hundred sixteen peo- ple attended this session. Jfesusu LUliS pcdsseck- (1) That the Home Economics Teachers be organized as an in- dependent unit but maintaining its present affiliations with the vocational department. (2) That the chairman of the Vocational Department seek a unification of our vocational units. (3) That permission be obtain- ed to organize a vocational com- mittee consisting of the heads of the various units. WHITNEY M. YOUNG, Chairman GEORGE L. BULLOCK, Secretary PRINCIPALS' CONFERENCE The Principals' Conference was held at the Y. W. C. A. on Thurs- day, April 14 at 4:30 p. m. This conference was under the chair- mansh'Lp of Miss Nora H. Ward of Newport. Mr. A. D. Owens, superintendent of the Newport city schools, made a brief ad- dress. The main address was given by Prof. George A. Phillip, principal of the Stowe School, Cincinnati, who spoke on the 22 topic, "A Mental Hygiene Pro. gram for Our Youth." The Principals' Banquet began at 6:00 P. M. with about one hun- dred principals present. Mrs. Oneida Cockrell read an Interest- ing paper on, "By-Products in Education." Other principals and guests made brief remarks on the, program. An outstanding visitor to the banquet was Miss Florence R. Curtis, Director of the Library School at Hampton Institute. President Fouse made several suggestions relative to giving more publicity to the K. N. E. A. and its work. The secretary- treasurer also made remarks in which he thought the principals had given excellent cooperation and reported to them that the X. N. E. A. had secured the high- est enrollment in the history due mainly to their efforts. NORA H. WARD, Chairman MRS. MAYME MORRIS, Secretary KINDERGARTEN-PRIMARY TEACHERS' CONFERENCE The Primary Teachers' Confer- ence was held at the Dunbar School at Ninth and Magazine Streets under the chairmanship of Mrs. Blanche Elliott of Green- ville. Music was furnished by the Dunbar and Parkland school groups of Louisville. The main address was given by Miss C. Betty DePriest who discussed, "Personality of the Child as Af- fected by Eye Health Problems." An exhibit at the Dunbar School attracted much attention. Mrs. Ellen L. Taylor, principal of Dun- bar School, contributed much to the success of this departmental session. MRS. BLANCHE ELLIOTT, Chairman ART TEACHERS' CONFER- ENCE The Art Teachers' Conference was opened by remarks from Miss Ouida Wilson. The James Bond School represented by the Second grade and Mrs. Beatrice Eades sang the Negro National Anthem and repeated the Twen- ty-fourth Psalmn. An excellent demonstration was given by the Second grade of the Bond School in the principle of figure drawing. The lesson was divided into three parts-part 1, figure' drawing directed, part 2, figure drawing unassisted, 'part 3, group of figure drawing illus- trating poems. Mrs. Beatrice Eades was the director of this group. The Jackson Junior High di- rected by Miss Minnie Speaker, discussion and demonstration were as follows: The Value of .Correct Shading in Drawing, Paper' Cutting of Designs. The following' were presented as chairman of the Art Confer- ence, Misses Figg, Bansberry and Sparks, each declined. There were no members present from the western part of Kentucky or any of the other sections of'Kentucky, therefore Miss Wilson'was asked again to accept the chairmanship. Miss Wilson was made chairman again and Miss Minnie Speaker, assistant chairman. The meeting then adjourned. OUIDA WILSON, Chairman SOCIAL SCIENCE TEACHERS' CONFERENCE The Social Science group met in room 207 of Central High School. The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. Mr. D. H. Bradford, chairman, 23 introduced the speakers, Mr. L. T. rohnson and Miss Pattye Simp- son, who spoke on the subject, "Beneficial Attitudes Which Can Be Built Up Through the Teach. ing of the Social Studies." Mr. Johnson discussed the va- rious useful attitudes and the great need for them as they are usually retained longer than the information taught. Miss Simpson spoke on ways of developing these attitudes throughi the treatment of the pupils in the classroom and by encouraging various activities. In the'general discussion which followed, the .most important at- titudes were thought to be co- operation, honesty and construc- tive criticism. A discussion of the relationship between reason and emotion as activity motives and the personality of the teacher as an aid in developing the' proper attitude was followed by the question of propaganda and Negro history. On the motion of Mr. Stout, the same session officers were re- tained and the meeting ad- journed. D. H. BRADFORD, Chairman H. S. SMITH, Secretary SCIENCE TEACHERS' CONFERENCE The Science Teachers' Confer- ence met at the Louisville Muni- cipal College under the chairman- ship of Miss Gladys J. Spain. The meeting was a luncheon meeting, supervised by Prof. William Bright of the Louisville Muni- cipal College and Miss Armah Wilson, secretary of the confer- ence. The theme of the meeting was, "Noted Negro Scientists and I I I Their Contributions." The gust speaker at the meeting ws Prrof. Nathaniel Calloway of Fisk Uni- versity. A science exhibit at Central High School and the Louisville Municipal College was held by this conference. The exhibits were very attractive and received much favorable comment. The science club of the Louisville Municipal College entertained the conference with a social follow- ing the luncheon. GLADYS J. SPAIN, Chairman ARMAH WILSON, Secretary ENGLISH TEACHERS' CONFERENCE The English teachers of the state held their annual confer- ence on Friday, April 15 at Cen- tral High School. The conference was divided into three sessions- the morning session, the lunch- eon meeting, and the afternoon session. At the morning session, Mrs. Nancy B. Woolridge, the chair- ,man of the body, presented Dr. Benjamin Brawley, Professor of English, Howard University, Washington, D. C He used as his subject the theme of the meeting-"Our Racial Literary Heritage." He stated that inter- est in Negro literature has in- creased, and that publishers are more and more interested in works on the Negro. Particu- larly did Dr. Brawley call atten- tion to -the danger that lies in the present movement to do away with the classics and modern languages. From the -standpoint of culture of our young people, he stated that we must support the humanities. After the address of Dr. Braw- ley, Aurs. Hpzel Browne Williams of Louisvlfle Municipal College led the group in discussion.: At this time many interesting prob- lems connected with the main address were brought up ano dis- cussed. Immediately following the dis- cussion the council members left for the Lyric Theater to witness the drgmiAtic pontest under the supervision of Mr. Blyden Jack- son. Two groups from local schools comnpeted for the prize donated by the Lyric Theater. One cast was from Madison Junior High School under the di- rection of Mr. Blyden Jackson; the other cast was from Central High School under the direction of Miss Minnie A. Taylor. In commenting on the contest, the judges praised the excellence of each group and stated that the decision was a difficult one to make. Mrs.. J. S. Jackson, Lincoln- Grant High School, Covington, graciously presided at the lunch- eon meeting. Twenty-five per- sons came to enjoy the delight- ful lunch and to hear Dr. Braw- ley in his fin4 remarks. Mrs. Jackson thanked the honored guest for his visit and spoke of the inspiratipn that his address had given to the many teachers who had heard him. Miss Viola Smith, Bate High School, Dan- ville, and Miss Louise Matthews, Central High School, Louisville, also praised Dr. Brawley for his enthusiastic talk. Before leaving, Dr. Brawley spoke highly of the English Teachers' Conference and commended the splendid piece of work it is attempting to do. In the afternoon session, the chairman called for the reports of committees and the awarding 4 of prizes in the creative litera- ture contest. A report of the Executive Committee was made by Mr. Robert S. Lawery, Central High School, Louisville, Miss Helen Yancey of the same schQol awarded the prizes. The prizes were donated by the Louisville Defender, the Atlanta Life In- surance Company, the Mammoth Life and Accident Insurance Com- pany, The Cqurier-Journal and Times, and the Supreme Liberty Life Insurance Company. In closing the final session, the members of the council elect- ed officers for the next year. The officers elected were Mrs. Nancy B. Woolridge, Louisville Munici- pal College, Chairman; Mrs. J. S. Jackson, Lincoln-Grant High School, Covington, Vice-chairman; Mr. Robert S. Lawery, Central High School, Louisvill tary; Miss Helen Yance, High School, Louisville, secretary; Mr. Blyden Madison Junior High Louisville, Treasurer. MRS. NANCY B. WOC ROBERT S. LAWERY, LIBRARIANS' CONF1 The Librarians' and Librarians' Conference sessions during the K. Convention. These sess held In room 201 of tb High School Building. sions were presided ove Hortense Young, chairr main address of the fir was given by Miss F1 Curtis, Director of School, Hampton Instilt was fittingly introduce Ann Rucker, Libralai Kentucky State Colle Curtis discussed problems con- fronting the librarians in Ken- tucky and- elsewhere, and gave many valuable suggestions for improving this phase of educa- tion in Kentucky. The second session featured a panel discussion led by Mrs. Naomi A. Lattimore of the Lou- isville Municipal College on the subject, "The Relation of the Teacher-Librarian's Program to the School Curriculum." MRS. HORTENSE YOUNG, Chairman C. ELIZABETH JOHNSON, Secretary ADULT AND NURSERY SCHOOL TEACHERS' CONFERENCE le, Secre- The Adult and Nursery School y, Central Teachers' Conference met on assistant- Thursday and Friday, April 14 Jackson, and 15 during the K. N. E. A. k School, Convention. Mr. Lyle Hawkins, the energetic director of this con- )LRIDGE, ference had an unusually attrac- Chairman tive program. An exhibit of work done in the Nursery school and, Adult Education classes featured Secretary the sessions which were held at ERENCE the Western Branch Library in ITeacher- Louisville. Among the outstand- Teacher- -ing speakers who appeared on hl t. Aw the program were Miss Jane sN. we.e AShelby, United States Senator M. ionC ere 1 M. Logan, Dr. Josephine C. Fos- Te Central ter of the Institute of Child Wel- Theb ses- flre, Mr. Lindsey Allen and Dr. man b Thes A. W. Castle of Harrodsburg, an. Th Pennsylvania. Mr. Homer Nich- rst sessionols was also a guest speaker dur- .Lrenceary ing the conference along with Lbe. rShe certain others not listed in the I by Miss program. In f th- LYLE HAWKINS, X. v X . ge. Miss 25 Chairman ATHLETIC DIRECTORS' CONFERENCE The Athletic Department met in the gymnasium of the Recrea. tional.,Center with Mr: H. A. Kean acting as chairman., Two.hours were spent in listening. to Mr. Adolph Ftupp of the University of Kentucky, who with six of -his players gave a discussion pinq demonstration of offensive a4nd defensive tactics employed ?y the University of Kentucky bas- ketball team. The demonstration wvas unani- mously declared as the best that the department had had the pleasure of witnessing. Follow- ing Mr. Rupp's demonstration a talk and blackboard demonshtra- tion in rudimentary football fun- damentals was delivered by Mr. John DaGrossa, 'Law instructor at Temple University, author of "Textbook of Football" and "Foot- ball Fundamentals,"' and Presi- dent.- of the American Football Institute at Philadelphia, Pennsyl- vania. Mr. DaGrossa is to con- duct a coaching school- at Ken- liucky State College, July 15 and 16.. In a short business meeting which followed, a vote of thanks was accorded Mr. Kean 'for his diligent -service as chairman, and for arrangement of such an in- teresting and instructive pro- gram. Mr. Robert H. Thompson of Barbourville was erected chair- *man for'1939 and Messrs. Lorenzo Jones, -Henderson, J. Waymon Hackett, Mt. Sterling, and'W. L. Kean, Louisville, were elected as vice-chairmen. A motion was.passed to peti- tion the Executives at the annual. business meeting to provide 'the Athletic'Department-with a guest 26 speaker more often than every three years. -It was suggested that Mr. H. A. Rean arrange for a basket- ball clinic to be given July 17 and 18 With a separate registra- tion. The question of standardiza- tion of scholarship requirements for membership 'in the school of the K. 'H. S. A. L. was. raised, and left for Settlement to the re- gional directors in their annual meeting. The meeting was adjourned. H. A. KEAN, Chairman R. H. THOMPSON, Secretary GUIDANCE WORKERS' CONFERENCE The Guidance Workers' Con- ference was held at 11 A. M. April 13, at the Y. W. C.. A., 528 South Sixth Street. The program opened with sing- ing, "America," Miss Nannie G. Board at the piano. The minutes of the 1937 meeting were read and adopted. The chairman, Miss Marguerite Parks, intro- duced the theme of the panel dis- cussion, "An Ethical Guidance Program for Our Youth," and then presented the members of the panel jury as follows: L. J. Harper, Mrs. Hazel Williams, Mr. P.. Moore, Eunice Singleton, W. H. Craig, Anna H. 'Russell, Hen- rietta Herod, and'William Gu0st. * -Mr. Harper described 'the .ys- tem :of conduct ratings at -Central' High School in the promotion of proper conduct. Mrs. Williams suggested that extra-curricular activities could be -used in de- veloping better interest in stu- dents because of their natural appeal to students. Miss Single-. ton suggested the promotion of initiative in pupils by commit- tee work, clubs, and socials. Mr. Craig quoted authorities giving weaknesses and strengths of moral instruction in classes. Miss Russell described how rewards .are more potent than punish- ments in teaching right conduct. Miss Herod pointed out the meth- od by which subject matter con- tents might be enlarged to in- clude known Interests of stu- dents. Mr. Guest cited the prac- tice of his employment office in determining character records from previous job records. The panel discussion was interesting and instructive to all present. The guest speaker, Honorable Robert C. Logan, was introduced by Mr. Lyman T. Johnson in a few well chosen words. Mr. Logan addressing the group on the subject, "Would a Program of Ethical Guidance for Youth Control Juvenile De- linquency?"--answered the ques- tion in the positive. He present- ed in a convincing manner and in detail how an ethical guidance program could make a signifi- cant contribution to the preven- tion of juvenile delinquency. The business session followed the program immediately. Mr. R. Marcus Crume stated that his committee required more time to make an adequate report on the guidance activities for the state. It was decided by motion carried that this committee should continue with the follow- ing additions: Anna H. Russell, F. Yolanda Barnett, Eunice B. Singleton and Mrs. Sada Dun- ham. The officers were re-elected, unanimously. A motion was made and cardied that the pro- 27 gram be formulated by the chairman and secretary of the conference. A motion was made and carried to defer the matter of department dues until the next annual meeting. Members of the conference ex- pressed themselves as being highly benefitted by the program. Thirty persons attended. MARGUERITE PARKS, Chairman HENRIEITA BUTLER, Secretary FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACH- ERS' CONFERENCE The Foreign Language Teach- ers' Conference was guest at the English Teachers' Conference at which Dr. Benjamin Brawley was guest speaker. The Foreign Language teachers however, held a meeting on Thursday, April 14 at 2:30 P. M. This session was featured by a discussion led by Mrs. Hazel Browne Williams of the Louisville Municipal Col- lege on the subject, "Desirable Racial Attitudes to be Stressed in the Teaching of Foreign Lan- guages." AUGUSTA EMANUEL, Chairman Plan Now To Attend THE 19TH ANNUAL K. N. E. A. EXHIBITION at the ARMORY In Louisville on SATURDAY, APRIL 15, 1939 Over 1,00 Pupils Will Be On The Program In A Mammoth Musical Review T Proceedings of the K. N. E. A. Directors Meeting Saturday, April 16, 1938, 2:00 P. MLi The Board of Directors of the K. N. E. A., including W. H. Fouse, President, Whitney M. Young, Lincoln Ridge, R. L. Dowery, Shelbyville, V. K. Perry, Louisville, newly elected director Lyle Hawkins, Louisville, and At- wood S. Wilson, Secretary-Treas- urer met in the office of Central Colored High School building on the above date. The secretary- treasurer gave to each director a copy of his annual financial report, which had been received by the association and reported as correct in every detail by the Auditing Committee. The minutes of the last meet- ing of the directors on March 5 were read. The minutes were approved by a motion of Direc- tor Perry and a second by Di- rector Young. The secretary-treasurer com- mented on his financial report. He indicated that the enrollment from April 1, 1937 to April 1, 1938 was 1460. His salary on the basis of this enrollment (25 per cent of 1460) for the year is $365.00. The secretary-treasurer's salary was approved by a motion by Director Perry and a second to that motion by Director Haw- kins. The idea of suggesting to the Legislative Committee that at least $15.00 per month be given teachers retiring who have taught thirty years was brought up. Director Perry moved that the suggestion be given the Leg- islative Committee. This motion was seconded by Director Dow- ery and carried. The employment of a regular 28 clerk for the K. N. E. A. and the salary for such hire were considered. It was moved by Di- rector Perry that Miss Shortt be given employment as part time clerk for the K. N. E. A. at a salary of $20.00 per month. This motion was seconded by Di- rector Dowery. The secretary commented on the work of the clerk for the year. Mr. Perry suggested that the directors plan with more def- initeness the program for next year. He suggested that only one guest speaker be presented each night at the meetings since they were so lengthy that part of the audience walked out on the sec- ond speaker. Director Hawkins also commented on this subject. President Fouse suggested that this association contact the K. E. A. for some of its speakers. It was also suggested by the Directors that the welcome ad- dress be written and sent in ad- vance to be cut so as to last only the alloted amount of time; and that such elaborate introductions of speakers be limited to a few words about the speaker's con- tribution to education at present (that is, whether teacher, profes- sor or what not and where lo- cated) . Greetings were extended to newly elected Director Lyle Haw- kins, director of the W. P. A. schools. The directors approved the do- nations voted by the general as- sociation at the morning general session of April 16 at the K. N. E. A. convention. The directors also passed a mo- tion that Representative C. W. Anderson, Jr., be given a life membership fee of $10.00 in the K. N. E. A. for his outstanding service in the interest of Negro education. It was pointed out that this life membership fee would not actually be an expendi- ture from the treasury, but rath- er that this method of giving the membership seems the most logi- cal for our bookkeeping system. The meeting adjourned at 3:00 P. M. W. H. FOUSE, President ATWOOD S. WILSON, Secretary Report of the K. N. E. A. Research Committee Louisville, Kentucky April 16, 1933 To the Officers and Members of the Kentucky Negro. Education Association. As acting chairman of the Re- search Committee, I beg leave to submit the following report: During the year 1937-38 the Committee has devoted its atten- tion to the so-called salary study. 'i'he term "salary study" is really incorrect to designate the nature and purpose intended when the project was launched in the fall of 1935. At that time the Re- search Committee as then con- stituted wished to make a study which would refute the argu- ment of Dr. Leo M. Chamber- lain of the University of Ken- tucky that Negro teachers could purchase as high a standard of living as that rmaintained by white teachers upon 85 per cent of the salary received by the white teachers. At the meeting to make plans for the study Dr. E. M. Norris of Kentucky State Industrial College and the present acting chairman were invited in an un- official capacity to aid in making such plans. At the close of the meeting the two unofficial guests were requested by a sub-commit- tee of the Research Committee to 29 outline a procedure for the study. In January 1936 a suggested procedure was completed and transmitted to the sub-commit- tee. No action followed for some time and late in that year the President of the K. N. E. A. ap- pointed a new Research Commit- tee of three persons including the two individuals who had out- lined the procedure for the study. The committee was later expand- ed to five members. On the day when it was planned to make all final arrangements, the flood came upon Kentucky And final plans could not be made until April 1937. During the present year the Research Committee has been greatly handicapped by the re- moval of its Chairman, Dr. E. M. Norris from the state and the appointment of a new commit- tee. The present acting chair- man in his attempts to execute the will of the K. N. E. A. and the procedure of the former com- mittee has met several difficul- ties-two of which will be men- tioned. The first difficulty was that returns were received from only 234 persons, representing about one sixth of the Negro teachers of Kentucky. Many of these returns came from a few populous centers leaving large sections sparsely represented. The other difficulty arose out of the nature of the proposed study. Since the study was not in reality concerned with sal- aries but with standards of liv- ing it became necessary to have access to data concerning the expenditures of white teachers in Kentucky or in comparable states. The committee after contacting state departments of education and research bureaus throughout the South has been unable to obtain a sufficient number of such schedules of ex- penditures to make comparisons which would be statistically valu- able and which would permit an application of Engel's laws to the expenditures of both groups. Sensing the difficulty in this direction, the acting chairman has diligently conserved the funds of the Research Commit- tee and is pleased to report that less than half of the $150.00 pro- vided for the expense of the committee has actually been ex- pended. The whole problem was laid before Board of Directors of the K. N. E. A. at the March meet- ing and the Research Commit- tee was authorized to make a direct attack upon the problem of salary inequalities by writing to school officials in districts which practice discrimination. The state Department of Edu- cation, through Mr. L. N. Tay lor, cooperated by sending a list of such districts and letters have been written asking that the dif- ferentials be removed at once, if possible, or gradually over a period of five or six years. As Acting Chairman, I wish to close this report with four recom- mendations: 30 1. That no additional appro- priation be made for research purposes during the ensuing year. 2. That the Research Commit- tee be authorized to carry on any necessary correspondence grow- ing out of the letters to school officials. 3. That a small portion of the funds remaining in the custody of the Research Committee be used to investigate the possibili- ties of the establishment of credit unions among groups of teach- ers in school districts of Ken- tucky and to disseminate knowl- edge concerning credit unions and the procedure necessary for their inauguration. 4. That the Research Commit- tee be reorganized so as to be composed of a small group of from three to five members who are actually and vitally inter- ested in the types of research ap- propriate for an educational as- sociation, and that if at all pos- sible such a committee serve for a longer period than one year and be kept intact while engaged in a specific project. Respectfully submitted, G. D. WILSON, Acting Chairman of Research Committee. Plan to Attend THE SEVENTH ANNUAL MUSICALE at the K. N. E. A. CONVENTION Friday, April 14 Quinn Chapel -in- Louisville, Kentucky Letter Sent by K. N. E. A. Research Committee Louisville, Kentucky April 7, 1938 To Superintendents and Boards of Education: It has been highly gratifying to the Kentucky Negro Educa- tion Association, which has been making a study of salaries of teachers in Kentucky, to note the increasing number of superin- tendents and boards of education who are becoming conscious of their proper obligation to all of the teachers of their districts regardless of race. There are now few boards which uphold the principle of a racial differential in the face of the legal provisions of the state providing for a single salary scale based upon training and experience. The principle of equal pay for equal qualifica- tions and experience has been ac- cepted as state policy as shown by an excerpt from the most re- cent Biennial Report of the Sup- erintendent of Public Instruction, Educational Bulletin, Volume V, Number 10, December, 1937, page 23, which reads as follows: "There can be no racial line differential in salaries of teach- ers in any district. In some dis- tricts such differentials have wrought embarrassment and humiliation on Negro teachers, clearly to the detriment of the service. But it is no longer au- thorized by law, and for districts where such have existed it is the policy of the state that they be definitely reduced each year and rapidly (but not abruptly) corrected." The above quotation is a very 31 clear statement of state policy and has to a very large extent received the hearty acceptance and endorsement of superinten- dents and boards of education. According to present informa- tion there now exists only one county district in which there is an apparent difference in the plan of payment of salaries of white and colored teachers. Among the independent dis- tricts, however, the situation is not as good. The differential takes several forms in the various districts but the effect upon the disadvantaged teacher and the conscience of the district which of necessity knows the American ideals of justice and fair dealing to all men, is the same. There are three distinct types of differentials in operation in Kentucky as follows: 1. A set sum differential based upon the reputed cost of living. 2. A percentage differential based either upon race alone or upon the reputed cost of living. 3. A differential based upon race and providing for less re- muneration for Negro teachers of equal levels of training and experience attained by white teachers. When viewed from an impar- tial standpoint it will be readily seen that the arguments for none of the above types of differential will stand the acid test. This is very evident when each of the three types is considered separ- ately. The differential based upon cost of living is fallacious because it assumes that the Negro teacher can purchase as much of the necessities and comforts of life with a small sum as can the white teacher with a larger sum. The argument is usually based upon the fact that the Negro spends less for shelter, for food and clothing, and for professional ad- vancement. That the individual who receives less must of neces- sity spend less is so fundamental a fact as not to need elaboration here. However, the necessity for the purchasing of poor housing facilities, and the foregoing of those opportunities and activi- ties which make for true pro- fessional efficiency cannot be looked upon as desirable for teachers having in their care the education of thousands of Ken- tucky's native born children. The percentage differential based upon race or on the cost of living is equally fallacious. The fallacy of the differential based upon cost of living has already been pointed out. A differential based upon race alone is not only very unjust but is not in .accord with Kentucky's reputa- tion for fair dealing with all its citizens. Teaching is an exact- ing profession, and individuals engaged therein can do their best only when they have a feeling of satisfaction and well-being. When any portion of the teach- ing staff of a district feels that I it is being continuously mis- treated, efficiency naturally suf- fers. The task of raising the in- tellectual, moral, and health j standards of a large minority % group is a colossal one. Certain- e ly the workers in this field t should not be handicapped in s their efforts or continuously c stigmatized during the course of a their labors. d A differential based upon race c 32 and which pays two teachers of equal training and experience unequal salaries, is not only out of harmony with the progres- sive thought of school adminis- trators but is directly opposed to both the spirit and the letter of the law of our Commonwealth. Enlightened practice has removed differentials between grade levels. Enlightened practice recognizes the principle of equal pay for equal training, experience and work. Negro teachers have met or are fast meeting every stand- ard of training and efficiency. Is it not just that the principles of enlightened practice be ap- plied to them? It may also be well to mention the fact that the additional sal- ary paid to Negro teachers will not be lost to your community. The increase received by them will be spent locally and will course through the channels of your local business enterprises to aid in lifting the general eco- nomic level of your community. This Committee, representing the Negro teachers of Kentucky, appeals to your spirit of justice and fair play to use your influ- ence toward the removal of the racial differentials. If no dif- ferential exists in your district, the Committee wishes to com- mend you and would appreciate your writing to that effect. If a differential does exist in your district, we appeal to you to take proper steps looking to- ward the early removal of such differential and the placing of he Negro teachers on the same alary scale as that provided for ither teachers. Should the mount necessary to remove the Differential be so large that it ould not be managed under the present budget prospects, may we suggest that a plan be devised whereby a portion of the differ- ential be removed each year over a period of five or six years un- til all teachers of your district are on the single salary scale. We trust that you will receive this appeal in the spirit in which it is made. We shall be pleased to receive any comment you may care to make with regard to these suggestions. Respectfully yours, The Research Committee of the Kentucky Negro Education As- sociation. By G. D. Wilson, Chairman Louisville Municipal College, Louisville, Kentucky. Report of the Resolutions Committee for 1938 Mr. President and members of the Kentucky Negro Education Association. The Committee on Resolutions submit the following report: Resolve, That we commend the Honorable C. W. Anderson, Jr., for his legislative activity in the interest of education. Whereas, The Governor and legislature in their final action appropriated funds to continue the use of the buildings and grounds of West Kentucky Indus- trial College as an educational institution, and Whereas, The school was changed from its former status to that of a Vocational school; and Whereas, We are fully cogni- zant of the value of vocational training. Therefore, Be it Resolved, That we acknowledge with grateful appreciation. the continuance of the school at Paducah. Resolve, That we go on record as endorsing the type of Voca- tional school as conducted at Hampton and Tuskegee, and that we unreservedly endorse the ideas advanced by President Rus- sell in his inaugural address. We commend his vision, experience and wisdom to the State Board 33. of Education and ask that he be allowed great freedom in the de- velopment of the new school. Resolve, That we extend our thanks to the Governor- and the Kentucky legislature for an in- creased appropriation for Ken- tucky State College for Negroes formerly Kentucky State Indus- trial College. Be it further resolved, that we endorse the proposed change of the Constitution to make the gov- ernment of our association a representative democracy. Whereas, President W. H. Fouse, Secretary Atwood S. Wil- son, The Board of Directors and the legislative committee func- tioned vigorously during the past year in the interest of our or- ganization. Therefore, be it resolved, that we extend to them a vote of thanks for their efficient service. S. L. BARKER, Chairman G. W. JACKSON W. H. PERRY, JR. P. MOORE L. S. SPENCER CARRIE MURRAY ALGEI'HA SMITH PATRONIZE THOSE WHO ADVERTISE IN THE K. N. E. A. JOURNAL Secretary-Treasurer's Financial Report April 1, 1937 to April 1, 1938 To the Board of Directors and Members of the K. N. E. A.: I submit herewith the financial report of the Kentucky Negro Education Association. RECEIPTS From April 1, 1937 to April 1, 1938 (Deposited in Lincoln Bank, Louisville, Ky.) 1. Balance as per report April 1, 1937 .................. $ 610.32 2. Additional enrollment fees at 1937 Convention ........ 720.00 3. Advertisements in 1937 Convention Programs ...... 33.50 4. State Department of Education, on 1937 Rosenwald Journal .......................................... 58.50 5. Courier-Journal and Times, Spelling Bee Prize ...... 10.00 6. Domestic Life Insurance Company, Spelling Bee Prize 2.50 7. Mammoth Life Insurance Company, Spelling Bee Prize 2.00 8. Atlanta Life Insurance Company, Spelling Bee Prize.. 1:00 9. Net Receipts of 1937 Musicale (Sales at Door) ........ 67.20 10. Louisville Convention and Publicity League, Donation.. 50.00 *11. Net Receipts of 1937 Pageant at Armory .............. 524.52 12. E. M. Norris, Research Committee Refund ............ 130.37 13. Anna H. Russell, Payment of Scholarship Loan ...... 54.35 14. Advertisements in 1937-38 K. N. E. A. Journals ...... 53.00 15. Advance Enrollments 1937-38 (Enrollments before April 1, 1938) ...................... t ....................... 740.00 Total Gross Receipts ................. $3,057.26 *Separate report submitted to auditing committee. This report includes duplicate receipts of sales at all schools, drug stores, and ticket windows. It includes also a receipt and bill for all money paid out to helpers, and receipted bills for costumes, armory rental, dec- oration, advertising, amplifier, orchestra, etc. K. N. E. A. PAYMENTS-APRIL 1, 1937 TO APRIL 1, 1938 April 1 J. E. Riddell, P. M.-Postage on K. N. E. A. Bulletins $15.00 6 Office Expense Fund, Clerical Hire, etc ......... 50.00 8 J. E. Riddell, P. M.-Postage for Enrolling, etc . ...... 16.50 9 Thelma Cayne, Mimeographing 1500 K. N. E. A. Bulletins . ...................................... 16.00 9 R. L. Dowery, Director's R. R. Fare ............ 8.24 9 J. L. Bean, Director's R. R. Fare ...... .......... 3.72 9 E. T. Buford, Director's R. R. Fare .............. 3.50 9 G. H. Brown, Cash Prizes for Spelling Bee ...... 30.25 9 Jacob Levy and Bros., Exhibition table lumber .... 24.56 14 F. L. Matthews, Expenses Foreign Language Dept. 3.50 12 William Davidson, Adult Education Exhibit Ex- penses ............................................ 5.00 34 13 M. J. Sleet, Auditor's Expense . 14.05 13 J. D. Stewart, Auditor's Expense ............ .. 7.12 13 P. L. Guthrie, Auditor's. Expense. s 8.40 14 Baldwin Piano Company, Rental of two pianos.. 13.00 14 John W. Davis, Speaker's Fee. . 60.00 15 T. R. Dailey, R. R. Fare to Research Meeting...... 9.04 15 E. M. Norris, R. R. Fare to Research Meeting. ... 1.78 15 W. H. Fouse, R. R. Fare to Research Meeting.... 2.42 15 Mrs. Alzada. Buford, Speaker's Expense .... 16.00 15 Marcus Rambo, Speaker's. Expense . .. .' 5.00 15 'John.F. Matthews, Speaker's Expense .. 12.00 15 J. Max Bond,' Speaker's Expense ..... 40.00. 15 T. W. Talley, Speaker's Expense. ........ - 10.00 16 Mrs. J. L. Black, Principals' Banquet Expense.,.. 35.05 16 Miss Carma Shaw, Participant's Expense .. 2.50 16 Louisville Leader, Publicity on Convention .. 20.00 16 Willa C. Burch, Speaker's Fee and Expense .. 60.00 16 Henrietta Brogwell, Speaker's Expense. .. 16.00 16 Gustava McCurdy, Soloist's Expense. .. 27.50 17 Edw. Rogers, Janitors' Fees at Central High 'School Building............-; * .' 15.00 17 W. S. Brumfield, Janitor, Quinn Chapel.- 5.00 17 Treas. Quinn Chapel, Rental Meeting Place 45.00 17 L. V. Ranels, Assistant Secretary's Expense.,... 8.85 17 K. S. I. C. Expense of Chorus at Musicale... J.., 20.00 17 William Ferris, Reporter for Convention .12.00 17 J. E. Pierce, Speaker's Expense .9.04 17 W. S. Blanton, President's Expense .20.78 17 David Roth's Sons, Secretary's Trophy .17.69 17 Eunice Singleton, 10 days' work and Convention work .18.00 17 Anita S. Wilson, Election and Clerical work at Con- vention .8.00 17 Samuel Proctor, Loud Speakers at Convention.._ 18.00 19 Cornelia M. Berry, Clerk four days at Convention 9.00 19 Chestnut Street C.M.E. Church, Sectional meetings 5.00 19 G. H. Brown, Additional Spelling Prizes .3.75 19 Elizabeth Bolan, Membership Clerk K.N.E.A. week 9.00. 19 Thelma Cayne, Stenographic Work, Reporting .of Addresses, etc. .................................. 24.50 19 Ass'n Negro Life and History, Donation...-.... 10.00 19 J. H. White, Speaker Rural Department .12.00 19 M. V. Givens, Deficit English Teachers' Luncheon 8.45 20 N. A. T. C. S., 1937 Affiliation Fee .50.00 20 E. M. Norris, Chairman Research Committee 150.00 20 Louisville Defender, Convention Cuts and Publicity 10.00 20 Mrs. Pearl Clement, Speaker's Board. 4.00 21 Bethune-Cookman College, Donation,, care Mrs. Bethune. Speaker................;..... 25,00 21 'Times-Journal Publishing Co., 1937 Programs 46.00 35 21 A, S. Wilson, Sec'y Salary for Year (25 per cent of 1420 fees)........................... 355.00 23 Southern Bell Telephone Co., Convention Program Telegrams .................. 3.48 23 Louisville Paper Co., Mimeograph Paper, Financial Reports. ... . .........................5.39 24 J. H. Ingram, Legislative Committee Expense .... 10.48 26 J. Bacon & Sons, Storage Cabinet for records .... 4.29 26 Mrs. B. J. Winlock, Two. Speakers' Board ......... 8.00 30 Mrs. Cora Desha Barnett, Speakers' Board ...... 2.50 May 5 Mrs. S. R. Jones, Singer's Board during Musicals 6.00 June 1 Office Expense Fund, Clerical Hire, etc .50.0(1 1 Central School Supply Co., Stencils and Paper 4.30 8 J.. L. Bean, Director's R. R. Fare to meeting in Louisville.. .... ................. 3.72 8 W. H. Fouse, President's R. R. Fare to Meeting in Louisville . ....................................... 3.71 16 Brown's Letter and-Print Shop, Officers Stationery 8M envels ....................................... 44.52 22 W. H. Fouse, Delegate's Fee to N. A. T. C. S..... 25.00 Sept. 2 J. E. Riddell, Postage Stamps, Postals (Office).. 15.00 17 W. H. Fouse, President's Expenses ..... ......... 7.67 23 Dr. G. D. Wilson, Chairman Research Committee Expense ................ ...................... 130.37 Oct. 8 Bush-Krebs Co., Cuts, Oct.-Nov. Journal .9.71 18 J. E. Riddell, P. M.-Postage, Oct.-Nov. Journal 36.00 22 Louisville Paper Company, 1000 Large Manilla Envel. ... : 6.48 Nov. 8 Office Expense Fund, Clerical Hire, etc ........... 50.00 8 Times-Journal Pub. Co., Oct.-Nov. Journals ...... 175.62 Dec. 1 Office Expense Fund, Clerical Hire, etc. 5.0.00 St. Louis Button Co., Badges, 1938 Convention 31.96 10 Cash J. E. Riddell, P. M. Stamps and Cards 15.00 18 Whitney M. Young, Director's R. R. Fare to Louisville .1.10 18 W. H. Fouse, Director's R. R. Fare to Louisville 3.40 18 J. L. Bean, Director's R. R. Fare to Louisville 3.72 Jan. 3 J. E. Riddell, P. M.-Deposit Per. No. 332 Journals, Jan.-Feb. ........ 36.00 3 Aetna Casualty and Surety Co., Secretary's Bond 5.00 11 Cash-J. E. Riddell, P. M.-Postage Pres, and Chairmen of Departments .15.00 11 Bush-Krebs Co., Cut of Douglas High School 3.29 12 W. M. Fouse, Pres. Office Expense to date. -66 Feb. 1 Louisville Paper Co., Envelopes and Mimeograph Paper .6.79 2 Office Expense Fund, Clerk Hire, etc .50.00 9 Times-Journal Pub. Co., Jan.-Feb. Journals 147.60 Mar. 2 W. H. Fouse, Pres. R. R. Fare to Louisville 3.40 36 5 J. L. san, Director's R. R. Fare to Louisville.... 3.72 15 Cash-J. E. Riddel, P. M. Enrollment and Dept. postage ...................................... 14.00 Mar. 31 Total Payments .................................. $2456.36 ** 31 Balance in Treasury (Lincoln Bank) .600.90 Total. $3057.26 NOTE. The Research Committee under the chairmanship of Dr. G. D. Wilson, has a balance of $86.87, as shown by his report below. The K. N. E. A. scholarship fund has a balance of $54.37 in the bal- ance of $600.90 shown as remaining in the Lincoln Bank. The office expense fund contains a balance of 40c not included in the bank bal- ance. The K. N. E. A. on April 1 therefore has in its entire treasury $688.17. *The Office expense fund is used mainly for the pay of workers, Miss Elizabeth Bolan worked until November 15, and, asked to be released because of other school duties. Miss Thelma Cayne worked as stenographer until January 28, 1938, when Miss Mildred Shortt assumed the duties of both stenographer and clerk beginning Feb- ruary 1, 1938. The total amount for the fiscal year in the office expense fund and clerical hire fund was $252.45, the. balance on April 1, 1938 being 40 cents. The book record of the office ex- pense fund was inspected by the auditing committee; receipts are a part of this record. It will be suggested to the Board of Directors during the K. N. E. A. convention that Miss Mildred Shortt, a re- cent commercial graduate of Central High School, be given part time employment as stenographer and clerk for the next year. It will be recommended that $200, that is $20 per month be designated for the K. N. E. A. office stenographer and clerk. **Bank statements, cancelled checks, and a receipt for each pay- ment is a part of the secretary's record, as exhibited to the auditing committee. Money from the general treasury is paid out by check only. Payments are supervised by the Board of Directors and the President of the K. N. E. A. All money is deposited as soon as re- ceived to the K. N. E. A. account in the Lincoln Bank at Louisville, Ky. Duplicate receipts are on file for all items in the income. Respectfully submitted, ATWOOD S. WXILSON, Secretary-Treasurer, K. N. E. A. N. B. The Financial report of Dr. G. D. Wilson, chairman of the Research Committee, includes a record book of payments, and receipts for all expenditures from the fund. This fund which was originally $150.00 includes payments for supplies, clerical hire, mimeographing, summarization of questionaires, etc., the total ex- penditures being $63.13 leaving a balance of $86.87. These records were submitted to the auditing committee. 37 The Auditing Committee Report April 12, 1938 'To the President and Members of the K. N. E. A.: We, the members of the Auditing Committee of the K. N. E. A., after careful scrutiny of the records of Secretary-Treasurer A. S. Wilson, find the books to be in balance with bank statements of the 'Lincoln Bank and Trust Company, as of April 1, 1938 and we wish to make the. follow.ing report: RECEIPTS Balance -as per report of April 1, 1937 .......... $ 610.32 Additional enrollment fees at i937 Co.v7ntidn.. 720.00 Advertisements in 1937 Convention Programs... '33.50 State Department of Education' on 1987 Rosen- wald Journal ........... ................... 58.50 Courier.Jourpal and Times, Spelling Bee Prize;. .' 10.00 -Dom'estick L-ife insurance- Company, 'Spelling Bee Prize . -...................... 2.50 _MamtotfrL fU Instfa.nee Conipany,. Spelling Bee. Prize ... . e... : . -.2.00 Atlanta Life Insurance Company Spelling Bee Prize. : - ;.;- 1.00 Net Receipts of 1937 Musicale (Sales at door) 67.20 E. M. Norrisi Research Committee Refund.... 130.37 -Louisville Convention and Publicity League Donation ................................. 50.00 Net Receipts of 1937 Pageant at Armory ........ 524.52 Anna H. Russell, Payment of Scholarship Loan.. 54.35 Advertisements in 1937-38 -K. N. E. A. Journal.. 53.00 ,Advance Enrollments 1937-38 (Enrollments be- fore April 1, 1938) ............... 740.00 Total Receipts .$ 3,057.26 'Total Payments ..2,456.36 Balance in Lincoln Bank and Trust Company, April 1, 1938 .$ 600.90 RECOMMENDATIONS (1) Effort should be made to call to the attention of members 'that 'the enrollments subsequent to April 1 entitles one to privileges of membership to April 1 of the succeeding year. 'Since the date of -the annual meeting has customarily followed this date, 'the obvious "overlapping" creates a situation in which the close of the fiscal year does not portray the total membership revenue. We feel that' this 'is desirable. ' (2) We heartily concur with the secretary to the Board of Di- -rectors relative to the employment of a part-time clerk at the salary 38 not to exceed $200.00 (this amount is less than the!amount now being paid for this service).. This clerk should be engaged solely for the purpose of assisting in affairs pertaining to this organization. We feel that this, clerk should obviate any need for further clerical as- sistance except at the time of the convention. (3) We wish to call to the attention of the teachers throughout the state that the receipts from the pageant make the association self-sustaining. We urge membership and attendance by all teach- ers. It would tend to indicate that fees should be raised or the pro- gram curtailed by virtue of the fact that of the $600.90, cash balance of the association, $524.52 came as a direct result of the pageant. In concluding this report, we, the members of the Auditing Com- mittee, desire to call 'to the attention of the membership of this or' ganization that the number appearing on the upper left-hand corner of the receipt duplicate is not a serial number, but actually indicates. the total number of the membership, inclusive of receipt in question. The secretary is to be commended for this progressive attempt to make known to all concerned, the financial status of this organiza- tion. Further all recommendations made by this committee at the close of the last fiscal year have been carried out to date. Respectfully submitted, P. L. GUTHRIE, Chairman M. J. SLEET, Auditor J. D. STEWART, Auditor and Accountant G. H. BROWN, Auditor Suggested Budget for the K. N. E. A. 1938-39 I. Estimated Income: 1. Membership Fees, 1600 at $1.00 ....... $1,600.00 2. Advertisements in 3 Journals and programs .................. ........... 250.00 3. Net receipts of Annual Musicale ...... 50.00 4. Net receipts from K.N.E.A. Exhibition 250.00 5. Donation, Louisville Convention and publicity League ........ ............ 50.00 Total estimated income $2,200.00 II. Estimated Expenditures: 1. K. N. E. A. Journals and Programs..$ 600.00 2. Clerical Hire for year ...... .......... 200.00 3. Clerical Hire during convention ....... 50.00 4. Stationery, office supplies, mimeo- graphing ............................. 150.00 5. Salary of Secretary for year, (25 per cent of fees) ....... ............. 400.00 6. For Speakers on general program .... 200.00 *7. For speakers and all expenses of de- 39 - partmental sessions . ................ 200.00 8. For Expenses of directors' meetings, president's expenses, publicity, and ex- penses of legislative committee ....... 100.00 Total estimated expenditures 1,900.00 **Total estimated balance for K. N. E. A. Treasury . .$ 300.00 *This $200.00 is yet to be prorated among departments and a def- inite amount which can be used for departments during 1938-39 for speakers and any other expense. The following recommendations are made in the distribution of this $200.00. Social Service Department.$20.00 Science Department (Ex- Foreign Language Depart- hibit................... 4.00 ment ............... 20.00 Art Department (Exhibit).. 4.00 Primary Department ..... 20.00 'Music Department (Stamps, High School and College etc.). 7.00 Department ............ 20.00 Vocational Education Dept. 4.00 Youth Council ............ 20.00 Librarians' Conference .... 4.00 Adult Education .......... 10.00 Guidance Workers' Dept... 4.00 Athletic Department ...... 15.00 Rural Education Dept. 4.00 Principals' C o n f e r e n c e English Teachers' Dept. 4.00 (Banquet) ...... 35.00 Elementary Education Dept. 4.00 Total .. $200.00 All departments who have allotments less than $15.00 should se- cure speakers who will have no fee or expenses. No other expendi- tures are to be made without the approval of the board of directors, and when the budget is officially submitted, it will be sent to all de- partment chairmen for their guidance and information. No one will be permitted to make a bill in the name of the K. N. E. A. and to make financial arrangements with a speaker. Financial transactions will be made only by the secretary-treasurer and he is to be diligent in seeing that expenditures for each department do not exceed the budget allowances. **The balance of $300.00 in the treasury could be utilized by the K. N. E. A. for any specific purpose such as legislative activities, the salary committee, donations to the scholarship fund, or for any other worthy cause which the K. N. E. A. may see fit to sponsor. The proposed budget is to be acted upon officially by the K. N. E. A. Di- rectors at their fall meeting. A budget seems quite necessary in. order that we might live within our income and not depend too large- ly on entertainments. Note that the secretary-treasurer proposes to bring to the association at least $600.00 more than the membership fees, which amount is the equivalent of his salary and the regularly employed clerical assistant. ATWOOD S. WILSON, Secretary-Treasurer, K. N. E. A. 40 Negro School Districts and Their Needs By L. N. Taylor The Big Ten Cities In Negro Pupils-Over Kentucky-1938 500 in School Census city Louisville Lexington Paducah Hopkinsville Madisonville Henderson Covington Bowling Green Lynch ,Owensboro School Census 9350 2711 1368 1034 998 768 687 614 610 592 Second City Group-Over 300 467 467 462 461 455 418 381 348 335 325 335 302 11 24.3 12 27.8 13 15.5 14 16.6 15 39.8 16 25.9 17 35.9 18 8.8 19 15.2 20 23.4 21 21.4 22 23.5 A A BE B BT A B A A A BE B All of the "big ten" have Class A high schools. None of them have Class A competitors within their respective counties. There are only four counties in the State that have two high schools legally operating through grade twelve. They are Harlan, Logan and Perry. Harlan County may justify two. It has more than two thousand in its colored school census, with the Harlan and Lynch centers nearly thirty miles apart. Lynch and Bowling Green are probably in most immediate need of school buildings. Of the "second city group" of twelve, six are Class A and fairly housed, three are straight B, and three are conditional B's. Of the B's, Providence is most in need of more building and more ground. Of the conditional B's, Harlan has a good building, Princeton is con- structing one, a good one on an excellent ground, and Jenkins re- mains yet to be provided for. 41 Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Pct. Negro 14.7 27.9 17.1 40.2 31.4 22.9 5.1 20.0 34.9 10.0 H. S. B. A A A A A A A A A A Danville Richmond Jenkins Harlan Russellville Paris Earlington Middlesboro Frankfort Maysville Princeton Providence THE BIG FOURTEEN COUNTIES IN NEGRO PUPIS--OVER 50 IN SCHOOL CENSUS-KENTUCKY-1938 School Census 1837 1106 948 888 838 801 744 684 684 67$ 633 573 524 516 Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7. 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Needs Tr. to Hopkinsville Continue Tr. Consolidation Consolidation Tr. to Hickman Continue Tr. Tr. to Richmond Building and Tr. Tr. to Bowling Green. Building and.. Tr. Tr. to Henderson Building and Tr Building and Tr. Tr. to Paris The Second County Group-Over 300 Perry Scott Green Montgomery Mason Lincoln Shelby 406 402 366 382 SS1 342 316 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Tr. to Hazard Tr. to Georgetown Tr. to Ac. HS Consolidation Tr. to Maysville Tr. to Ac. HS Tr. to Ac. fHS The statement of transportation needs is indefinite. In most of these situations the transportation is provided, but does not yet reach all the pupils. In three of these counties no transportation is pro- vided of colored high school pupils. The building need is acute in the four counties icr which it is mentioned, and consolidation need is acute in the three counties for which it is mentioned. Two of these counties had unaccredited high school grades last session. This is legally wrong. Such schools should qualify or quit. This is the only monthly educational magazine devoted to the education of Negroes and bringing to its readers articles and many other features representing the best and most re- cent thought and activities in the educational world. Nef Features-New Ideas-New Information-In Every Issue Subscription-$1.00 A Year Single Copies-15 Cents Each Address All Inquiries and Subscriptions to THE NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL OUTLOOK AMONG NEGROES 1210 Lamont Street, N. W. Washington, D. C. 7,000 CIRCULATION-30,000 READERS 4.2 County Christian Fayette Harlan Logan Fulton Jefferson Madison Trigg Warren Todd Henderson Union Barren Bourbon Address of Dr. Benjamin G. Brawley "Facts to Teach Negro Children" Mr. President, members of the Kentucky Negro Education As- sociation, ladies and gentlemen: Let me say, first of all, that I am very grateful to Mrs. Wool- ridge for these kind words. I don't know whether I can live up to them all but they sound good, and I appreciate them. I am very glad of all that I have heard of the fine work that is being done in your midst by the young woman whom I had expected so much of. Let me say I congratu- late you tonight on what you have already heard in the field of music. I want to congratu- late those who were in charge of these two groups of singers to whom we have listened, the good taste of the selections that they rendered in your hearing tonight. I rejoice to see not only the members of the Kentucky Negro Education Association, but the interest of the citizens of Louis- ville at large, in things educa- tional, and I take this, ladies and gentlemen, as in indication of your abiding interest in things that make for the higher welfare of our people and our country and it is along that line that I wish to Speak to you tonight. Let me say in the beginning that I bring you greetings from some people in Washington who formerly lived in Louisville. We have there a famous book col- lected and compiled by Mr. Henry Slaughter, a very good friend of mine living not far away from me in Washington, who in his own quiet way made a distin- guished contribution to Negro history. He was interested in my coming here. One of the 4.3 'teachers in Washington, Mrs. Mable Overstreet, asked espe- c ally to be remembered to her friends. I bring greetings not only to those who are graduates of Howard University, but to all of you I want to bring greetings from that institution. Howard University has been advancing in recent years under the adminis- tration of President Johnson. And I want to say to those who have been there, that if you go there looking for the main hall, you will find that the old main hall is gone. Among our new buildings you will find the great million dollar library which the government has given us and which is now nearing completion. I hope you will join with us in these blessings and think what God has wrought! I am on this program to speak to you about facts that we should teach Negro youth. If you will bear with me if I don't so much bother with facts as with prin- ciples. The facts are easily ob- tained from some book. I hope we shall be very happy in the little while we spend together. I am about to give to you a point of view affecting the whole mat- ter, and I trust that it will be of some interest to you. First of all, as we sit here to- night, we realize that not only this country of which we are a part, but indeed this whole world in which we are, is passing through one of the most critical periods in history. As we sit here tonight, there is great un- certainty in Spain. And in our race, men, women and children are suffering from bombs. As we sit here tonight, a great coun- try in China is being invaded. Now as we study what has been done in the history of the world within recent years, we can see why there are certain forces be- hind what has taken place. And one great force is simple human greed, the idea that one man or one country, seeing what is just over the way belonging to its neighbor, might belong to him if he had sufficient force to go and take it; living according to the old code, that they should take who have the power and they should keep who can. No, it wasn't right for Italy to take Ethiopia, but I don't- see anything we can do about the situation, therefore, we are told we must take a realistic view of the situation and let it pass. And it is on that matter of a realistic view in national politics that I must dwell -for a moment, if you please. Again and again, we have seen various groups take the lead by brutal force and seem to suc- ceed. Only a few days ago, we understand that the forces of a new Germany went forward into Austria and took possession of the land. Three years ago when England had the opportunity to put the world against Italy, she refused. The government of Eng- land felt that if in any way pos- sible they could keep peace, they would consider the situation and make the best of it. What has this to do with the education of Negro youth? Everything, my friends. The more we study the principles that are ruling the world today, the more we find that we are further and further away from that idea in our schools. England has ordered expendi- 44 tures of not less than seven-bil- lion dollars for ammunition. And our own country has approved one-billion dollars for battleships. These two great countries and others are preparing for war. And this is what we call a realis- tic view in national politics. But, my friends, it is only a short cut to complete destruction if we do not stop it at once. Another phase of realistic and idealistic ideas lies in literature. Let us also teach our boys and girls to read Negro literature- books written by our own great -men. Two Americans have re- ceived the Nobel prize for litera- ture and in both instances, I say to you, the award was made wrong, if it was to be given for realistic literature. One man re- ceiving the award was Sinclair Lewis, the other, Eugene O'Neil, and I am asking you if the gen- eral note in the literature of the two distinguished men was not idealistic rather than realistic? We have come to a period when people sometimes confuse the realistic and idealistic. And they will even confuse right with wrong. Some of us haven't read clearly our Negro books. We haven't read them thoroughly enough to discriminate. Not ev- ery book written by a Negro or written about a Negro is neces- sarily a good book. But in re- cent years the works in the field of Negro poetry and fiction have been among the largest selling material in the field of litera- ture. The thought I am trying to get over to mothers and fathers tonight is that every Negro novel you can get, take it and place it in the hands of your growing boy or girl, because you want your boy or girl educated. I sup- pose you want for your child the best that can be found in the good, the true, and the beauti- ful. Whenever, I become ' dis- couraged or wayward I think of a poet who was born not far from Louisville, Paul Lawrence Dunbar, who once said this: "When I am done, say not my task is 'over, but that it has just begun when all is done." What Is it that I want for the Negro child? Something that will give him a ray of hope when all else fails! I give you teachers here an Illustration. You have the same beliefs that I have. Every morn- ing I go to school as you do. On the way I meet a little black boy about nine years of age. His hair might need more attention. His face could be a little cleaner with the use of some soap and warm water. I know he hasn't had much breakfast, but he is going to school anyway. Now there is one comfort in the mind of that little black boy. I may someday be a great man in life! And what can I say to that little black boy? His heart may say, will I ever be president of the United States. Who am I that I should say no? And I am not going to say that because you are a lit- tle colored boy you can never be president of the United States of America because that is the white man's job. Who am' I that I should pass on the destiny of that boy? I'll just say, "Why, boy, you know the world is mbv- Ing so fast today, there is Mr. DePriest who went to Congress and Mr. Mitchell who is there now, and Mrs. Mary McLeod Bethune, a great woman of na- tional affairs, there is no telling what God has in mind for you to do!" Now, ladies and gentlemen, If I cannot give to that boy, hope and inspiration, I may discourage him at his early age and his whole life will be thrown away. Teach your boy or girl that they must sacrifice sometimes for an education. Paul Lawrence Dunbar once made known that he worked for four dollars a week because he wanted an edu- cation. Teach your child that if Dunbar did that, they can too. My friends, there is much pov- erty in the world today. And you and I suffer from it. Therefore, if our children are taught that they could dress a little less elab- orate, eat less expensive lunches, go to shows just a little more seldom, but work much harder in school, this will make for great success in life! This is a week in which cer- tain of the people of our Lord and Saviour will fast in remem- brance of His death. You will remember that after Thursday night, they met early Friday morning and He was carried away. The forces of the world seemed stacked against Him. But where is the Lord and Mas- ter today who died for our re- demption. He reigns supreme and reigns alone. If we live righteous lives as did our Mas- ter, we will always triumph In the end. Ladies and Gentlemen, mem- bers of the Kentucky Negro Education Association now in session, I pray God's richest blessings upon you as you try to teach our Negro youth not only facts but racial self-respect and national government so that after we work hard to train them and pass on to the world beyond, we shall triumph in the end. I thank you! Goals in the Education of the Colored Child By Atwood S. Wilson During the year 1938-39, the K. N. E. A. would like to suggest to the teachers of colored youth in Kentucky that certain goals be set-up to meet what seems to be the special needs of our group. The writer ventures to suggest at least six goals that might guide our teaching during the present school year. It is rea- lized that some of the needs to be mentioned are common to all children, but it is the opinion of the writer that the needs -men- tioned are more acute among the colored children. The first of these goals is the improvement of reading habits and the production of better read- ers. There has been some con- fusion and experimentation as to the best method of teaching read- ing in recent years. There has also been placed in the elemen- tary school curriculum a number of other subjects other than here- tofore major subjects, such as reading, writing and arithmetic. This seemingly caused less em- phasis on the teaching of read- ing. The elementary schools, therefore, turn out many children who can not read simple sen- tences and who have not been apparently trained along the lines of rate, emphasis, enunciation, pronunciation, inflection, and comprehension. All of these fac- tors in the teaching of reading should receive the attention of the teacher. It is also true that the tendency to produce silent readers in preference to oral readers may be the cause of poor reading habits. At the next K. N. E. A. convention the pr mary and elementary sections of the 46 K. N. E. A. will discuss ways and means of improving our chil- dren as readers. A second goal is training that leads to a greater number of our youth in mechanical and busi- ness pursuits. Our great lead- er, Booker T. Washington, sug- gested this in his philosophy of education. It was the idea of Booker Washington that colored children should be trained to be mechanics, brick-layers, carpen- ters, machinists, agriculturists, and other types of skilled work- men. He attempted to organize a Negro Business League with the idea of encouraging our youth to become proprietors of stores and to run other types of businesses. The unemployment situation today affects colored youth more than any others. It may be that they have not been prepared along mechanical lines, or probably they have not been encouraged to enter busi- ness pursuits. Let us through- out Kentucky give that type of guidance which will show our children the necessity of being skilled workers and business men or women. Let us put less em- phasis on the preparation for the professions, fields which are now overcrowded in Kentucky. The third goal is to give that training and education that will lead to better health and better living conditions in the home. Statistics show that the span of life for a colored person is less than the span of life for a white person. While this is due to a large extent to socio-economic conditions, there is nevertheless, much that can be done in the school to teach better health habits and to show children how they should live in their homes to insure more sanitary condi- tions about them. We have an opportunity during Negro Health Week to engage in some special activities that will make us con- scious of our needs along this line. Health, however, must be taught every week during the school year if we are to reach the status of other races. As I observe the homes of colored people, I note dirty surroundings and environment which indicates that the people of the vicinity are careless and do not have a high standard of cleanliness. When one goes into some of our homes, he finds them many times un- kept and often uncleaned. We can teach our children in the schools that it is necessary to have beautiful surroundings for their homes, clean homes on the inside, and the proper health habits if we would live up to the standards of our white neigh- bors. A fourth goal is to give train- ing to improve the personality of our youth in order that they might exhibit certain traits of character, particularly more cour- tesy, honesty, and obedience to law. To that end, our schools might set up an ethical guidance program in which they would seek to teach through examples the desirability of being courte- ous and how to be courteous. Moreover, we can find many ex- amples of dishonesty and the ill results therefrom. We need on1v to call attention to the fact that our adult population in penal in- stitutions is out of line with our proportion of the general popu- lation. Hence, there is special 47 need in the training of the col- ored child to have him aspire to be honest and obedient. This program can also be a part of the parent-teacher association pro- gram for the year. A fifth goal is to give a type of training that will inspire pupils to exhibit a spirit of industry and perfection in performance. As I observe colored students at work and colored people on jobs of different types, I am impressed with the fact that there is lack- ing an attitude of perfection " in performance. We seem to feel that it is all right to do a task simply to the "get-by" stage. Students in school feel rather satisfied when they have made a passing average. When we build things, whether or not they are perfect in construction is not of much concern. When we go to a meeting or gathering, whether or not we are there on time is not so important. Let us teach our children to do a task, no matter how small, to the extent of their abilities. Let us urge them not to give up quickly 'and not to give complaints or excuses be- cause of their failures. Let us insist on sticking to a task which we have begun. Let us attempt to create the attitude of hard work and show them that only those persons can progress who work hard. In reaching this goal it is necessary to insist on per- severance among our children. I can think of nothing that would help us more to gain the respect of other people than to have this attitude of perfection in per- formance in all of our activities The sixth and final goal is to teach for the eradication of the Inferiority complex. The five goals which have already been' set forth have their origin some- what in the attitude of inferiority which most colored children ex- hibit. They read in textbooks about their race, unfavorable comment in most instances. They fail to see anything of commen- dation in the newspapers about their social life in the main. They read in educational literature that they have a lower I. Q. than white children. They are im- pressed through segregation reg- ulations that they are not up to the standards of others. All of these things make the colored child feel that he is not expected to do as much as other children and that he does not have the ability to do as much. It - has been shown in many scientific studies that intelligence has no relation to race, but on the other hand bears the closest relation to socioeconomic status. White children whose parents are la- borers make lower intelligence scores than white children whose parents are professional work- ers. White children who live in the country make lower intelli- gence scores than those who live in the city. Colored men in the North ranked higher in intelli- gence than white men in the South when their ratings were given during the World War. These facts show that intelli- gence has no relation to race, but rather bears direction rela- tionship to the amount of Income in the home, the number of periodicals which are taken In the home, the opportunities of children for the proper study en- vironment, and the opportunities of the child to get wholesome food and good living conditions. In other words, our native intelli- gence is not lower than that of any other race. Let us make the children aware of this fact and let them know that they are just like any other children in Am- erica. We can help to eradicate this inferiority complex by teach- ing the history of the Negro and by pointing out the Negroes of -today who are leading in their fields. I suggest to you that we use the October 3 issue of the Life magazine as a means of in- spiring our children and show- ing them that they can do the same thing that any other child can do. It is hoped that these goals which have been outlined will be given study by our teachers and leaders in education. The writer does not feel that he has given all of the specific needs in the education of the colored child, but he does feel that the goals which have been set up are goals that are worthy of incorporating in the teaching program of the colored schools in Kentucky this school year. ARTICLES TO APPEAR IN NEXT K. N. E. A. JOURNAL The Life Story of Henry Davis ...... . ........... L. N. Taylor Joseph S. Cotter, Poet and Principal .............. I. Willis Cole A Magic Solvent ................................... W. H. Craig Historical Sketch of the Education of the Negro in Kentucky .................................. R. B. Atwood Guidance Courses for Colored High Schools.. Atwood S. Wilson Activities of District Associations in Kentucky... .W. H. Fouse 48 History of the Perry A. Cline High School Pikeville, Kentucky Negro education in Pike County received its meager start during the early nineties through the foresight of the late Superintendent Perry A. Cline, who certified Effie Walters, a native resident, as the county's first teacher. Because of the sparsity of our group's popula- tion, and lack of industries for making a livelihood, and isola- tion from higher racial institu- tions of learning, very little progress was made for the en- suing three decades. As new built highways lessen- ed the isolation, as coal fields were opened to the members of our group, as the State Depart- ment of Education took renewed interest in outlying districts, education began to take its rightful place in this section. New families slowly came in to increase the school's enrollment. In 1929, a two-room frame struc- ture was built to house forty- five pupils. In the meantime, four other schools were estab- lished to take care of the other sections of the county. Through the splendid cooper- ation of the Pikeville City Board of Education, headed by Sup- erintendent T. W. Oliver, newly elected president of the K. E. A., and the Works Progress Ad- ministration, the present $75,000 building was built to take care of the ever-increasing needs of this section. Our school now offers a regu- lar accredited four-year high school course. Along with the regular academic curriculum, full- time courses in industrial arts are offered, not only for stu- 49 dents regularly enrolled, but also for those who unfortunately have been forced to seek employment before the completion of the regular four-year term. A pre- school nursery has also been es- tablished. For the parents who wish to further their learnin_, a night school is being taught. Extra-curricula activities consist of athletics, student clubs, regu- lar vesper services each Sunday afternoon, a P. T. A. that. in- cidentally, entertains the Ken- tucky Congress of Negro Par- ents and Teachers next April. The present school year looks promising. In all departments, one hundred and seventy-six are enrolled. The faculty now con- sists of six teachers with a spe- cial dietitian for pre-school chil- dren. Perry A. Cline High School, serving the educational needs of Pike County, is doing all it can to give to those entrusted to its care, their rightful chance to live efficiently. WILLIAM R. CUMMINGS, Principal. K. N. E. A. ANNOUNCEMENTS Our future depends more upon the youth that we develop than upon the teachers and other civic leaders of the present. The time has come when the youth must be encouraged to think about the pertinent prob- lems that are confronting the world of today. If he is to have a rich and full life, if the com- munity is to be made better by his presence, he must think seri- ously of his place in society and of his duty to society. The idea of organizing a junior division of the K. N. E. A. was heartily received at the 1938 con- vention. At that time Miss L-; B. Singleton was appointed chair- man of the committee to formu- late plans for the "Youth Divi- sion." The "Youth Division" will have its initial meeting during the 1939 session of the K. N. E. A. Plans are now. being formulated for a very interesting and conl- structive program for the young people. The committee is soliciting the suggestions and cooperation of each high school principal and school official in the state. Very soon letters will be -sent to each principal. We will be very pleased to have each consider the contents of the letter and at his earliest convenience send his response to Miss Eunice Singleton, Chairman, 1708 W. Chestnut Street, Louis- ville, Ky. The K. N. E. A. will feature the Annual Spelling Bee at the 1939 Convention. A list of words will be sent out from the office of the secretary and elimination contests will be held through- out the state. In order to facili- tate the operation of the final contest in Louisville on April 14, there will be a written contest in which all entrants can partici- pate. The entrants making the ten highest scores on the written test will be those to compete in the final oral contest. The K. N. E. A. Convention will be held in Louisville, Ken- tucky, from April 12 to 15, 1939 with headquarters at Quinn Chapel. 60 The Eighth Annual Musicale will be held on Friday night dur- ing the K. N. E. A. convention. Miss R. L. Carpenter, -chairman of the Music Department, is making plans to bring to Ken- tucky a musician of national reputation. * * * * The 19th Annual Exhibition of the K. N. E. A. will be held at the Armory on Saturday, April 15, 1939, and will consist of a program unique and different from anything in the past. Membership cards for 1938-39 -have now been prepared and schools may begin to send in their enrollment in the K. N. E. A. Already more than one hun- dred teachers have enrolled in the K. N. E. A. The secretary of the K. N. E. A. desires as many schools as possible to en- roll early in the school year in order that the rush in April might be avoided. On page 60 of this Journal will be found a list of committees ap- pointed by the President of the K. N. E. A. Chairmen of these committees should plan to have their respective committees meet and plan their activities and re- port on Thursday, April 15 at the business session of the K. N. E. A. Reports should be limited to ten minutes. The presidents of various Dis- trict Associations of colored teachers in Kentucky are re- quested to report the proceedings of their meetings to the secre- tary-treasurer of the K. N. E. A. as soon as possible after their sessions are over. The 1938 K. N. E. A. Honor Roll The following principals and school officials remitted 1938 mem- bership fees on the 100 per cent basis for the teachers in their re- spective schools, these memberships having been sent to the K. N. E A. secretary in one group. School Booker T. Washington George W. Carver Russell Jr. High Constitution Dunbar High Bate High Rosenwald High Simmons Street City School City Graded Greenville Training Dunbar Lincoln Ed. Davis Western High Southgate Street Shelbyville City Lynch Durham High Bannecker City High S. C. Taylor High B. T. Washington Milton Jr. High Mayo-.Underwood Rosenwald John G. Fee Industrial J. W. Million High County Tr. School Attucks High Booker T. Washington Dunbar High Delafield Graded Rosenwald High Bond-Washington Lincoln Garfield Rosenwald High Training School City Graded Dunbar Alves Street Principal Mrs. Lucy H. Smith Mrs. Fannie White M. H. Griffin J. B. Caulder W. H. Fouse J. W. Bate Mrs. Pearl Patton J. L. Bean B. G. Houston Amos Lasley G. C. Wakefield F. I. Stiger W. L. Shobe Mrs. E. B. Davis S. L. Barker Miss N. H. Ward R. D. Roman P. W. Williams M. J. Strong W. E. Newsome city Lexington Lexington Lexington Lexington Lexington Danville Madisonville Versailles Franklin Hodgenville Greenville Mayfield Middlesboro Georgetown Owensboro Newport Shelbyville Lynch CampbelIsville Cynthiana -Mrs. Daisy FitzgeraldNew Liberty L. C. Carpenter Columbia' Miss C. D. Murray Carlisle Adelbert Dumas Clinton W. S. Blanton Frankfort W. 0. Nuckolls Providence W. H. Humphrey Maysville S. Stanley Morris Earlington J. W. Waddell P. Moore L. W. Gee G. P. Wilson A. L. Poole W. M. Wood J. V. Robinson E. W. Whiteside Mrs. M. 0. Strauss Miss Nettie Hughes J. E. Miller W. S. Thomas L. L. Owens C. M. Cabell 51 Elkton Hopkinsvflle Hopkinsville Somerset Bowling Green Harlan Elizabethtown Paducah Paducah Lebanon Hardinsburg Horse Cave Cadiz Henderson Co. Training School Richard H. Sewell City High Western High Eighth Street West Side High Mayslick City Lincoln-Grant Roland Hayes Co. Training School Benham High Dunbar Douglas Henderson Co. Corydon Graded Oliver High City Graded State Street City Elementary Richmond High -City School Rosenwald-Dunbar E. W. Bates H. S. Osborne George West Miss M. M. Elliott Mrs. Elizabeth Bower H. R. Merry E. B. McClasky J. E. Bean J. A. Matthews Raymond I. Pleasant Mrs. Theda Van Lowe Mrs. W. M. West Rev. J. W. Hatch G. W. Adams Luther Bucker E. T. Buford Mrs. L. C. Spencer P. L. Guthrie W. J. Christy J. C. Caldwell Co. Training School C. H. Woodson Oldham Co. Training W. D. Johnson Douglas High Kenneth Meade City Graded William R. Caliery Christian Co. N. T. Hooks STATE INSTITUTIONS School Kentucky State Industrial College Louisville Municipal College West Kentucky Industrial Col. Lincoln Institute Kentucky School for Blind Simmons University Glasgow Midway Paris Henderson Harrodsburg Mayslick Covington Pineville Paris Benham Morganfield Lexington Henderson Henderson Winchester Trenton Bowling Green Lawrenceburg Richmond Eminence Nicholasville Bardstown LaGrange Henderson Flemingsburg Hopkinsville Official Director President R. B. Atwood Dean David A. Lane, Jr. President H. C. Russell Director Whitney M. Young Principal E. M. Minnis President M. B. Lanier LOUISVILLE: CITY SCHOOLS School Central High School Mary B. Talbert School Charlesi Young School Douglas School Bannecker Dunbar School Highland Park School Lincoln School George G. McClellan School Georgia G. Moore School S. Coleridge Taylor School Virginia Avenue School Principal Atwood S. Wilson Mrs. Ellen L. Taylor Jessie Carter G. H. Brown Miss Rebecca Guest Mrs. Ellen L. Taylor L. J. Sparks T. J. Long Mrs. Frankie L. McCaskill Mabel Coleman Joseph S. Cotter Clyde Liggin 52 Parkland School Booker T. Washington School Western School Adult Education School James Bond School Phyllis Wheatley School Madison Junior High School Jackson Junior High School Clyde Liggin T. J. Long L. W. St. Clair Lyle Hawkins Reubena D. Rogers J. Bryant Cooper W. H. Perry, Jr. A. E. Meyzeek The following county systems had enrolled one hundred per cent in the K. N. E. A. up to April 13, 1938. These schools and counties have been sent certificates of honor. A star (*) denotes the county organizer. County Muhlenberg Montgomery Bath McCracken Clark Hickman Washington Logan Boone Fulton Lincoln Madison Wayne Scott Garrard Mercer Ohio Christian Henderson Knox Bourbon Jefferson Adair Marion Laurel Woodford School All Public Schools Oliver Street Union County McCracken Count3 Washington Count City School Christian County Superintendent or Organizer Supt. H. F. Bates, Jr. Supt. Nell G. McNamara Supt. W. W. Horton Supt. Miles Meredith Supt. W. G. Conkwright Supt. Vera Beckham *Mrs. E. G. Clark Supt. G. B. Williams *Prof. Wallace Strader Supt. Clyde Lassiter Supt. Mayme Singleton Supt. Gordon Terrill *Miss Jane Duncan Supt. F. W. Hood *Prof. Carl M. Burnside Supt. David R. Riggins Supt. W. R. Carson, Jr. *Mrs. Emma A. Quarles *Mrs. R. E. Cabell Supt. G. D. Messer *Mrs. M. M. Thomas Miss Hattie Daniel Supt. C. W. Marshall *Miss Hattie Daniel *Stephen Griffin Mrs. L. B. Rowland 1938-39 HONOR ROLL City o0 Lexington St Winchester p Morganfield St Paducah St .y Springfield Si Greenville pi Hopkinsville St 53 County Seat Greenville Mt. Sterling Owingsville Paducah Winchester Clinton Springfield Adairville Burlington Hickman Hustonville Richmond Monticello Georgetown Lancaster Harrodsburg Hartford Hopkinsville Henderson Barbourville Paris Louisville Columbia Riley London Versailles ficial ipt. H. H. Hill rof. G. W. Adams ipt. P. D. Fancher ipt. Miles Meredith ipt. J. F. McWhorter rof. G. C. Wakefield ipt. N. T. Hooks 1938 K. N. E. A. Membership By Counties County No. No. Per Teachers Enrolled Cent 1. Adair 15 14 93.3 2. Allen 4 2 50 3. Anderson 4 4 100 4. Ballard 3 0 - 5. Barren 16 16 100 6. Bell 15 15 100 7. Bath 6 6 100 8. Boone 3 3 100 9. Bourbon 32 32 100 10. Boyd 7 2 29 11. Boyle 19 19 100 12. Bracken 2 2 100 13. Breathitt 1 1 100 14. Breckinridge7 7 100 15. Bullitt 2 2 100 16. Butler ?3 1 33.3 17. Caldwell 12 2 66.6 18. Calloway 7 2 29 19. Campbell 5 5 100 20. Carlisle 2 0 - 21. Carroll 2 2 100 22. Carter 1 1 100 23. Casey 2 0 - 24. Christian 83 83 100 25. Clark 21 21 100 26. Clay 4 0 - 27. Clinton 1 0 - 28. Crittenden 2 1 50 29. Cumberland 8 1 121/2 30. Davies 28 19 68 31. Edmondson 3 1 33 32. Estill 1 1 100 33. Fayette 96 96 100 34. Fleming 4 4 100 35. Floyd 5 0 - 36. Franklin 59 59 100 37. Fulton 16 16 100 38. Gallatin 2 0 - 39. Garrard 10 8 80 40. Grant 1 1 100 41. Graves 19 16 84 42. Grayson 1 1 100 43. Green 12 4 33 44. Greenup 1 0 - 45. Hancock 2 0 - 46. Hardin 8 7 88 54 County No. No. Per Teachers Enrolled Cent 47. Harlan 31 29 91 48. Harrison 9 6 . 66 49. Hart 9 7 78 50. Henderson 39 39 100 51. Henry 7 5 71 52. Hickman 9 7 78 - 53. Hopkins 30 30 100 54. Jefferson 300 358 119 55. Jessamine 18 18 100 56. Kenton 32 32 100 57. Knott 2 0 - 58. Knox 6 6 100 59. Larue 6 3 50 60. Laurel 4 4 100 61. Lawrence 1 1 100 62. Lee 2 0 - 63. Leslie 1 0 - 64. Letcher 21 6 29 65. Lewis 1 0 - 66. Lincoln 14 8 57 67. Livingstone 3 0 - 68. Logan 31 31 100 69. Lyon 4 1 25 70. McCracken 61 61 100 71. McCreary 1 0 - 72. McLean 3 1 33 73. Madison 33 29 88 74. Magoffin 3 0 - 75. Marion 11 9 82 76. Mason 19 19 100 77. Meade 6 1 17 78. Menifee 1 0 79. Metcafe 8 1 13 80. Mercer 20 11 55 81. Monroe 7 0 - 82. Montgomery 14 14 100 83. Muhlenberg 24 16 67 84. Nelson 16 16 100 85. Nicholas 3 3 100 86. Ohio 6 6 100 87. Oldham 5 5 80 88. Owen 5 5 100 89. Pendleton 1 1 100 90. Perry 16 10 621/2 91. Pike 6 1 16 92. Powell 2 0 - 93. Pulaski 94. Robertson 95. Rockcastle 96. Russell 97. Scott 98. Shelby 99. Simpson 100. Spencer 101. Taylor 102. Todd 8 8 100 1 0 - 1 0 - 2 0 - 21 21 100 33 28 85 12- 9 75 4 4 100 9 7 78 19 19 100 103. Trigg 104. Union 105. Warren 106. Washington 107. Wayne 108. Webster 109. Whitley 110. Woodford Total 16 8 50 9 7 78 33 24 72 i 9 8 89 **4 4 100 12 12 100 1 0 - 16 15 94 1624 1456 89.6 K. N. E. A. Kullings Prof. M. H. Griffin, is now president of the West Kentucky Vocational Training School, which school displaces West Kentucky Industrial College. Prof. J. L. Bean of Versailles who was for many years a di- rector of the K. N. E. A. and one of the energetic principals of our state, passed away during the summer of this year. The XK. N. E. A. pays tribute to his memory and to the service which he rendered this organization. * * * * Prof. P. L. Guthrie, formerly at Richmond, is now principal of the Dunbar High School of Lex- ington, which office was made vacant through the retirement of Prof. W. H. Fouse. **t* * Dean David A. Lane is sponsor- ing a movement to build an audi- torium and gymnasium on the campus of the Louisville Munici- pal College. The proposed audi- torium is to seat at least 2,000 persons. Miss Clara B. Clellan is now the principal of Harrodsburg High School, Harrodsburg, Ken- tucky, in the place of Miss M. M. Elliott who resigned last year. 55 Mr. M. A. Quarles, Hopkins- vylle, Kentucky, is now chairman of the Science Teachers' Confer- ence of the K. N. E. A. Messrs. W. R. Cummings of Pikesville and Lyle Hawkins of Louisville were each given a Lincoln Institute Key Award at the 1938 Convention of the K. N. E. A. This award is made an- nually for outstanding services in the education of colored youth. * * * * President R.' B. Atwood has made plans to build three build- Ings at the Kentucky State Col- lege campus. There is to be a large dining room, a new heat- ing plant, and a girls' dormitory. Mr. Whitney M. Young, direc- tor of Lincoln Institute, was awarded the Bachelor's Degree at the 1938 commencement of the Louisville Municipal College. * * * * Miss Eunice B. Singleton, who was recently elected to the chair- manship of the Youth Council, received the Master of Arts de- gree at Columbia University dur- Ing the summer of 1938 in Per- sonnel and Guidance. Messrs. W. -H. Fouse, T. J. Long, and Clifford Morton at- tended the American Teachers' Association which met at Tuske- gee. in July, 1938. Mr. Long was the official delegate of the K. N. E. A. * ** * Enrollments of our two state vocational high schools are as follows: Lincoln Institute 243 and W e s t Kentucky Vocational Training School 185. The en- rollment of our colleges is 560 for Kentucky State College and 228 for Louisville Municipal College, 69 being enrolled in the evening school. Mr. Joseph G. Fletcher is now principal of the Richmond Col- ored High School, having suc- ceeded Mr. Paul Guthrie. CONSTITUTION OF THE K. N. E. A. (Revised to April 16, 1938) ARTICLE I Name This organization shall be call- ed the Kentucky Negro Educa- tion Association (Incorporated). ARTICLE II Objeetives The objectives of this Asso- ciation shall be to elevate the teaching profession and advance the cause of education among all the people of Kentucky, but especially among the Negro population. ARTICLE III Membership Section 1. Any person active- ly engaged in school work in Kentucky, teacher, librarian, prin- cipal, or supervisor-may become an active member of this Asso- ciation by paying the annual fee. Past presidents of this organiza- 56, tion shall also be active members by paying the annual fee. Section 2. Ministers, past of- ficers, or any person interested In education may become an as- sociate member by paying the annual dues. Section 3. Any member may become a life member of this Association by paying the life fee of ten dollars. Section 4. Only active mem- bers of this Association shall have the right to vote or hold office. ARTICLE IV Officers The elective officers of this As- sociation shall be President, First Vice-President, Second Vice-Pres- ident, Secretary-Treasurer, As- sistant Secretary, Historian, and Board of Directors. Their duties shall be the same as like officers in deliberative bodies. ARTICLE V Fee Section 1. The annual member- ship fee shall be one dollar to be paid to the secretary-treasurer at or before the time of the regu- lar annual meeting, or as other- wise provided. Section 2. All members who are not present at the annual meeting must pay the member- ship fee not later than thirty days after the annual meeting or their names will be dropped. Such members shall not be eli- gible to active membership until arrears of the previous meet- ings are paid in full. ARTICLE VI Meetings This Association shall meet an- nually at such time and place as the Association or the Board of Directors acting for the As- sociation, shall determine. ARÃ‚Â¶['ICLE VII l)epartments Section 1. A sufficient number (twenty or more) of members of this Association engaged in the same kind of educational work may organize a department or conference, but with approval of the Board of Directors. Each de- partment or conference may elect its own officers, adopt its own rules and regulations and shall be given time for its meetings at each annual convention of the Association. Section 2. The departments of this Association shall be: (1) Elementary Education, (2) High School and College, (3) Rural School, (4) Music, and (5) Voca- tional Education. ARTICLE VIII Regular Committees At each annual session the president, except as otherwise ordered, shall appoint the follow- ing regular committees: Audit- ing, Resolutions, Nominating, Necrology, and Legislative. These committees shall report at each annual session. Special commit- tees may be appointed as con- ditions demand. ARTICLE IX Duties of Officers Section 1. At each annual ses- sion the President and the Sec- retary-Treasurer shall make an itemized report of their asso- ciational work. Section 2. The Board of Di- rectors of this Association shall consist of the following: Presi- dent of the Association who shall be chairman of the Board, and four other members of the As- sociation. The Board of Direc- tors shall hold its meetings an- 57 nually with the sessions of the Association. Special meetings shall be at the call of the presi- dent. The Board shall pass upon all bills presented for payment or that may have been paid by the Secretary-Treasurer for inciden- tal expenses during the year. Section 3. The Secretary- Treasurer shall collect all fees and other funds of the Associa- tion, and immediately deposit same in a designated bank to the account of the Kentucky Negro Education Association. He shall, as ordered by the Association, publish the minutes, including the main addresses and papers delivered at the annual meeting, and give one copy free to each member. He shall be responsible for working up the Association, excepting the program, and for the faithful performance of duty shall receive from 1 to 25 per cent as the Board of Directors may determine, of all the fees collected by him. He shall give bond for two thousand dollars ($2,000) through a bonding com- pany to insure the faithful per- formance of duty. Funds shall be paid out only on the order of the Board of Directors or of the Association. An educational jour- nal may be published with the Secretary as managing editor, but the general control of this publication shall be left to the directors. ARTICLE X Terms of Office Section 1. All elective officers of this Association shall be elect- ed annually except as herein- after provided. Section 2. The Secretary-Treas- urer may be elected for a term of three years, within the discre- tion of the Association. Section 3. Members of the Board of Directors, other than chairman, shall be elected so that the terms of one-half of them shall expire annually. The necessary traveling expenses of the members of the Board o0 Directors to and from the annual session shall be defrayed by the Association. ARTICLE 'I The President' Section i. The President and Vice-Presidents shall be ineligible to succeed themselves after hav- ing served for two consecutive annual meetings of this Associa- tion. Section 2. All vacancies oc- curring during the interim of the Association shall be filled by appointment of the President un- til their successors are elected and qualified. Section 3. The President, along with the Secretary and heads of departments, shall have com- plete charge of the program. These officers together shall make the editorial staff of the official publication of this As- sociation. ARTICLE XII Regulations Section 1. Fifty members of this Association shall constitute a quorum. Section 2. Robert's Rules of Order shall be the parliamentary guide on all points not in conflict with this constitution or Articles of Incorporation. Section 3. Any article or - sec- tion of this constitution may be amended at any annual meeting by a two-thirds majority vote of members present, provided that in case of an amendment, that the proposed amendment be given the secretary for publication at least sixty days prior to the meet- ing at which the proposed amend- ment shall be considered. ARTICLE XIII Elections Section 1. At each annual ses- sion the President shall appoint a committee, consisting of one member from each of the Con- gressional Districts of Kentucky, whose duty it shall be to nomi- nate active members for the vari- ous elective offices of this As- sociation. Section 2. The election of of- ficers of this Association shall be by ballot unless otherwise or- dered by this Association. Section 3. (a) On the day set for the election, voting shall be by secret ballot, and the ballot boxes shall be open from 8:00 o'clock A. M. to 5:00 o'clock P. M. on said day. The ballots used shall be those furnished the vot- er by the Secretary of the Asso- ciation at the time the voter reg- isters his presence at the meet- ing. The membership card of each active member registering shall be stamped accordingly by the secretary or his representa- tive. (b) The ballots shall be count- ed by three tellers appointed by the President of the Association and a personal representative of each candidate. The candidate receiving the highest vote shall be declared elected. (c) In case of a tie the Board of Directors shall make the final selection from the candidates re- ceiving the highest votes. (d) The results of the election shall be announced to the gen- eral association as soon as pos- sible. ARTICLE. XIV Adoption This constitution shall take ef- fect immediately upon adoption. All acts in conflict with this con- stitution are hereby. repealed. AMENDMENT I The president of the K. N. E. A. shall have the power to ap- point an, associate member of the Association to membership on the legislative committee of the K. N. E. A. provided that said person has shown a special in- terest in the education of the Negro in Kentucky and provided also that no less than three mem- bers of the Board of Directors approve the appointment. This legislative committee member shall have the privilege of any active member of the K. N. E. A., except that he will be in- eligible to hold office or the chairmanship of any committee. Such members of the legislative committee must not exceed in number one third of the total ie Mbdship:- on a legislative committee appointed by any presidefit for any year. AMENDMENT II Retired teachers (those offi- cially retired "with honor" by a Board of Education) or teachers having taught for thirty or more years in a public or private school shall have the privileges of an active member of the K. N. E. A. except that he or she shall not hold office or the chair- manship of any committee. A teacher, holding office in the K. N. E. A., and retired before the expiration of his term shall be eligible to serve until the next convention of the K. N. E. A., provided the teacher is "retired with honor." AMENDMENT III The Board of Directors shall have the power to represent and act for the Association in all matters requiring immediate at- tention when the Association is not in session. Privileges of Active Membership in the K. N. E. A. 1. The privilege of attending all general sessions of the Association. 2. The privilege of participating in the departmental sessions. 3. The privilege of speaking and holding office in the Kentucky Negro Education Association. 4. The privilege of voting and participating in the business affairs of the Association. 5. The privilege of receiving all literature of the Association includ- ing the official publication, The K. N. E. A. Journal. No Kentucky Teacher Should Fail to Enroll Send One Dollar To A. S. WILSON, Secretary-Treasurer 1925 W. Madison Street, Louisville, Ky. 59 K. N. E. A. COMMITTEES FOR 1938-39 Legislative Committee A. E. Meyzeek, Louisville, Chairman J. H. Ingram, Frankfort Whitney M. Young, Lincoln Ridge Pres. R; B. Atwood, Frankfort G. W. Adams, Winchester Dean D. A. Lane, Louisville J. B. Caulder, Lexington M. J. Sleet, Paducah Dr. E. E. Underwood, Frankfort D. H. Anderson, Paducah Rep. C. W. Anderson, Jr., Louisville W. H. Fouse, Pres. of K. N. E. A., Ex-Officio Member Research Committee Dr. G. D. Wilson, Louisville, Chairman Miss Maude Brown, Louisville H. R. Merry, Covington Mr. L. N. Taylor, Frankfort, Advisory Member W. H. Fouse, Ex-Officio Member Resolutions Comnmittee S. L. Barker, Owensboro, Chairman W. H. Perry, Jr., Louisville P. Moore, Hopkinsville Miss Carrie Murray, Guthrie G. W. Jackson, Louisville Auditing Committee P. L. Guthrie, Lexington, Chairman J. D. Steward, Frankfort G. H. Brown, Louisville Necrology Committee Amos Lasley, Hodgensville, Chairman C. M. Burnside, Lancaster Mrs. V. B. Alexander, Louisville Scholarship Loan Fund Committee Miss Estelle M. Kennedy, Louisville, Chairman H. S. Osborne, Paris F. L. Baker, Lexington Miss Alice Nugent, Louisville Mrs. Bettie Davis, Georgetown Secretary-TIreasurer A. S. Wilson, Ex-Officio Member Committee on Rural School Problems Mrs. M. L. Copeland, Frankfort, Chairman Wallace Strader, Burlington W. R. Cummings, Pikeville Mrs. A. L. Simms, Mayslick W. H. Humphrey, Maysville Youth Council Advisory Committee Miss Eunice B. Singleton, Louisville, Chairman Mrs. Ann Jackson-Heartwell, Miss Viola Johnson, Lexington Frankfort C. L. Harris, Newport Miss Yolanda Barnett, Louisville Mrs. Hazel B. Williams, W. H. Story, Henderson Louisville Committee on Vocational Training Problems Frank Orndorff, Russellville, Chairman A. J. Pinkney, Lincoln Ridge Miss L. A. Anderson, Frankfort M. H. Griffin, Paducah Miss A. M. Peyton, Louisville 60 Louisville Municipal College LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY OFFERS Four-year Curricula in Arts, Sciences, and Secondary Education Pre-Medical, Pre-Law, and Teacher-Librari- anship Courses FULLY ACCREDITED BY THE SOUTHERN ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGES AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS Fraternities Athletics Sororities Debating Christian Associations Dramatics ADDRESS THE DEAN THE WEST Offers on the Auto Me Cabinet Carpenh Chef Coo Elec. En Masonry KENTUCKY VOCATiONAL TRAINING SCHOOL PADUCAH, KENTUCKY to promising young men and women high school level, the following courses: chanicsI Tailoring Making Vocational Agri. kery Beauty Culture gineerg Home Economics Home Making I. H. GRIFFIN, President