You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Mountain Life & Work vol. 30 no. 2 Spring, 1954 Council of the Southern Mountains 400dpi TIFF G4 page images University of Kentucky, Electronic Information Access & Management Center Lexington, Kentucky 2003 mlwv30n20454 These pages may freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Mountain Life & Work vol. 30 no. 2 Spring, 1954 Council of the Southern Mountains Berea College; Council of the Southern Mountains Berea, Kentucky Spring, 1954 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. 25C ., r MOUNTAIN 0 z LIFE and WORK MAGAZINE OF THE SOUTHERN MOUNTAINS MOUNTAIN VOL. XXX, No. 2 .,Ã¢â‚¬Å¾,~~I LIFE WORK -________________ ,;Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã¢â‚¬Å¾,, SPRING , 1954 ,, PUBLISHED AT THE OFFICE OF THE COUNCIL OF SOUTHERN MOUNTAIN WORKERS, LINCOLN HALL, BEREA COLLEGE, BEREA, KY. ENTERED AS SECOND CLASS MATTER AT BEREA, KY. STAFF: EDUCATION--Grazia K. Combs, Viper, Ky. ,HEALTH--Dr. Robert Metcalfe, Crossville, Tenn. RELIGION--Dr. Sam Vander Meer, Morris Fork, Ky. STAFF PHOTCGRAPHF3IS--Ed DuPuy, Black Mountain, N. 0. Roy N. Walters, Berea, Ky. ' STAFF ARTIST--Mrs. Burton Rogers, Pine Mountain, Ky. MANAGING EDITOR--Charles Drake, College Station, Berea,Ky. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY--Perley F..AYer, Berea, Ky. MOUNTAIN LIFE AND WORK is published quarterly by the COUNCIL OF SOUTHERN MOUNTAIN WORKERS, Box 2000, College Station, Berea, Ky. Subscription price: $1.00 per year to non-members of the Council. This subscription price is included in the member- h ship fee of the Council and all members receive the magazine. Subscriptions should be sent to: 9 THE COUNCIL OF SOUTHERN MOUNTAIN WOP.KERS Box 2000, College Station C Berea, Ky. a nl ARTICLES for this magazine should be sent to the above address (f in care of the Managing Editor. (i, SIGNED OR QUOTED ARTICLES ARE NOT NECESSARILY THE EXPRESSION OF EDITORIAL OPINION. NOR DO ARTICLES APPEARING IN THIS MAGAZINE NECESSARILY CARRY THE ENDORSEMENT OF THE COUNCIL OR ITS OFFICERS. N PICTURE CREDITS Cover and 23-26, Ed DuPuy, Black Mountain, N. C.; 9, J. C. B1 ant 4, Berea, Ky.; 29, Tennessee Medical Foundation; 35, Northeast Georgia Regional Library. LILY MERCERIZED PEARL COTTON AND FLOSS, Alit. 114 Sizes 3, 5, 10 and 20, and Six Strand Floss 80 fosr colors in 1-Ib. cones, 2-oz. tubes LILY COTTON WARP YARN, ART. 314 1-Ib. cones, 2-oz. tubes Handweavers, NOW you can order all your handweaving supplies from one source. A large and complete stock of the highest quality yarns is now available for prompt shipment in quantities to suit your needs. Choose from a wonderful assortment of sizes and colors in Cottons, Wools, Linens, non-tarnishing Metallics, Novelties and Nylkara (half nylon, half vicars) . . . Also Looms (including the folding Leclerc Loom), Warping Frames, Bobbin Racks and Winders, Table Reels and Tension Boxes. Write today for free price list or send $1 for complete color cards and illustrated catalog (this $1 can ,pplied to your next order for $10 or more of yarns). LILY WEAVING WOOL LILY SPORTSWEAR WORSTED LILY KNITTING WORSTED LILY RUG FILLER, ART. 614 4-ox. skeins The Handweavei s Headquarters LILY THREE STRAND, ART. 714 1-Ib. cones, 2- . tubes LILY MILLS C0. DEPT. HWB, SHELBY, N. C. YOUR CONFERENCE HOME IN THE SMOKY MOUNTAIN Mountain View Rotel GATLI11i8L1RG. TENN. Gatl inburg's FIRST and STILL Favorite MODERN RESORT HOTEL, OPEN ALL THE YEAR ,,,wag 0i Agod4w.41.4, 11 NIMM=1tiAC J lA1YM1T ~ IMPORTED LINEN BARNS FOR IIANDLOOM WEAVING METLON NON-TARNISHING METALLIC YARNS LANE LOOMS PORTABLE - JACK TYPE COUNTER BALANCE Before you buy - see the new PURRINGTON FOLDING LOOM Write us for the name of your nearest sales outlet and demonstrator Send 35Ã‚Â¢ for yarn samples FREDERICK J. FAWCETT, INC. W I Dept. M. 129 South St. , Boston 11, Mass. s 101t Jono lor .4inin... THE BACHELOR BOY fintenz was cs6athelot boys Courf'ed q nyaid IVA// 4 f/Q~etio' fenyue~ s /i=zm tc~N her ?'s a. huiydreclq~d "f a rl~ I ,(-!d her I' marry bvf = wouldH'f tell her Whe P(. When I was a bachelor boy, Courted a maid with a flatterin' tongue, Eliza told her 1's a hundred and ten, 1 told her 1'd marry but I wouldn't tell her when. On Monday morning I married me a wife, Fiddlin and a-dancin 1 never saw the like, She tuned up her fiddle and merry she could play, And 1 thought to my soul it'd never come day. On Tuesday morning to my sus-prise, About half an hour before the sun did rise, She tuned up her fife and scolded me more Than ever I was scolded in my lifetime before. On Wednesday morning I went to the woods, Thinks to myself, "she'll do me no good," I cut me some hickories and a hornbeam green 1 thought they's the toughest I ever had seen. On Thursday morning 1 banged her well, Her tongue did rattle like a clapper in a bell, 1 told her the terms, and the terms mought be The devil might have her next morning for me. On Friday morning the devil came, Took her off in a shower of rain, Pass around your brandy bottle, my best friends, My hardships have come to an end. ((This folk song was sung to the banjo by Jim Couch, age 47, Harlan County, Kentucky. Collected and transcribed by Leonard Robert s.))))) 'W WAAV V OA U Wo U t~r~ Golden Rule Products, always known for its vast stocks of imported linen yarns, has acquired the stock and exclusive sale of PATONS and BALDWINS Weaving wools from Scotland You weavers now can explore an excitingly new world of checks and plaids, using these glorious wools that made Scotland and Scottish weavers famous . . . the Golden Rule "Woodpecker" and "Tweed" from Scotland and Tam O'Shanter "Worsted" made in the U.S.A. All of them offer almost limitless possibilities. They come in convenient tubes, ready to use. Suitable for both warp and weft. Send 10 cents for samples and prices All the leading looms: including "Missouri", "LeClerc" and others from belt looms at $2.98 up to 90-inch looms. H1tghPs NaiUrrtf, 3nr, GOLDEN RULE PRODUCTS Fit. 1888 Dept. B, 115 Franklin Street, New York 13, N.Y. SEND FOR CATALOG 40-page catalog containing 12 sample and color cards of linens, cottons and wools-and samples of the weaving wools described above-all for $1.00 postpaid, which will be refunded on first order of $10 or more. 8 CONFESSIONS Don't be fooled by that ,title. We aren't really printing 'confessions" in our magazine. We just wanted to A PLAYGIRL be sure that you would stop and read this interesting account by our ///// Smith College Workship girl , who has contributed so much to the Sylvia Carstens development of the right kind of recreation in the schools and communities of our mountain region. I CAME SOUTH FOR THE first time last June, sent on a program called the Southern Mountain Workship, sponsored by the students of Smith College, as the ninth girl to do itinerant recreation work with the Council of Southern Mountain Workers. Each girl's experience has been unique, so unlike what went before or what came after that no one could really tell me what kind of a year lay before me. Smith offers no recreation course and so none of us has come trained for our year's work. The whole range of our past experience is what we must call upon. With an open mind and heart, and eager hands and feet, we absorb as much as we can l from the very capable people of the Southern Highlands and pass it on to as many people in this same area as want to broaden their field of recreation. My workship year began at the John C. Campbell Folk School and if ever there was a perfect introduction to a year of fun and fellowship, that was it. Dancing with everyone, the beginners and the experts, was a wonderful way to learnno, perhaps it was more just absorb-the dances. In fact, nothing was "taught" _-. to me as I have been taught things in the past. I learned songs by singing them with the group, practiced the recorder by playing with the group and made friends by washing dishes with them, too. I left Brasstown feeling that by itself that month had proved i the warmth and hospitality for which the South is famous. There isn't space to tell of the many wonderful people I met and worked with in all the communities I visited this past year. I wish I could thank them all in some way for their kindness and patience with me while I was learning to be useful in the OPPOSITE: Sylvia in action. These candid shots of Sylvia Carstens were taken as she taught a group of youngsters in a rural school some games and songs that they could use after she left them. ..a,; 10 recreation fields. Most of them had so much to teach me, both in the field of recreation and in the whole field of human experience, that I feel my year's work is part theirs. At Hindman Settlement School, in Kentucky, I had my first experience in leading folk dancing and one that stood me in good stead in other communities. In McKee, Kentucky, I played ,.0f i my first playground games with grade school children and began to learn what games were always fun and which ones only sometimes worked. Mrs. Jane Nauss, last year's Itinerant Recreation Worker for the Council, was my real guiding light in the field of games both because of the materials she provided for me and the experience I gained working with her later at Hindman. Since June 1953 I have spent from one week to one month in sixteen communities and schools in Kentucky, Tennessee and North Carolina, with West Virginia figuring into future plans as I write this. Much of the time I have worked with the first eight grades in various rural schools, teaching playground games, songs, indoor games, reading and telling tales, or teaching folk dancing to the older grades. Just about as often I worked with high school groups, teaching folk dancing most of the time, but doing a little every now and then with singing, simple dramatics and sports like volleyball. With one junior high school group I made puppets, a stage and scenery. We put on a show for the community, then gave the profits to the polio drive. In the same town I met with the adult groups occasionally for folk dancing or other recreation. One vacation group of eight-to-ten year olds joined me in producing a play, reading stories, hiking, spatter painting and learning simple folk dances. In a home for girls in Tennessee I taught simple crafts like weaving belts and crocheting afghans, as well as leading singing and active games. Twice during my year I taught folk dancing in college gym classes. Never did I stop learning or searching out new materials. Almost every group I worked with had a new game to teach me, a new book to help me or more instruction in dancing to give me. The fact that this workship year has brought to me most forcefully is the great educational and recreational need, of rural schools in the mountains. I knew that schools were crowded and ill-equipped-- because I had been told and because I had read it. But until I had worked in many rural schools I couldn't really~ understand what they were like. At first people asked me if I didn't find things startling and I said, "No, I have heard about them before." Only months later did I realize what I really was learning by seeing those schools. 11 Everywhere I went I felt that it was the human element that was most important. Over and over again I could see that a good teacher, sensitive to the needs of the children as well as well trained for the job, could make any school into a really dynamic learning situation and could help any group of children a long way toward the cooperation and respect for others which it takes to wake all projects a success and without which most projects ail. Where the teacher was lacking so was the school and often the community. The situation in books and supplies seems to be improving, from all I'm told, but the actual school buildings and school grounds are sadly in need of a general overhauling. Sturdy walls and tight roofs would be a great improvement in some areas, while the need for better heating seems to be felt almost everywhere. So much has to be left out here-all of the strong ties that I now feel in the Southern Highlands to those who have taught me, to those with whom I have worked and to those who have become my friends. But more important than any recounting of my work is the future of the Smith College Workship. For the year 1954-1955 another Smith graduate, Elizabeth Spencer, will be in this area. I urge all those interested in having her help, at no cost other than room, board and a low transportation fee, to write the Council of Southern Mountain Workers to find out whether their needs can be served by Lees abilities. My hope is that this will be an ever-broadening program with the services offered reaching all those who want and need them everywhere throughout the Southern Highlands. #### MILLIS ANHOVHCiw6 Revised Edition of WHERE TO GET WHAT The National Directory of Sources of Supply for all croftsinvaluable to crafts workers, teachers, occupational therapists, vocational directors, recreation leaders, Boy and Girl Scout 1 leaders, churches, schools, institutions, and hospitals. 35c per copy-in coin or stamps. PENLAND SCHOOL OF HANDICRAFTS Penland, North Carolina LE171VAFID ROBF7?TS SHARES WITH US ... THIS STORY is likely to have had a literary origin from Dasent, Popular Tales from the Norse, No.2,, though it has also been in oral circulation over most of Europe. It has had at least three generations of oral telling in America and is adapted to our mountain idiom and psychology. It was told by Dave Couch, age 53, Harlan County, Kentucky, who said of it: " This story that I have told about the mill, 1 heard it when I was just a leetle bitty boy, and I Neared it for a while told 6y my wife's grandfather. And it was for 30 or 35 years that I never Neared it told no more. But I realized and thought of it and told it again." THE MAGIC SAUSAGE MILL I'LL TELL YE ONE about a rich brother and a pore brother. This here rich brother he had plenty of ever' thing that a man needed. The pore brother didn't have nothing much and he worked for this rich brother, just a little hire every day. He'd take meat or about anything he could get. Well, this rich brother Neared of a place where a lot of goblins stayed and a woodcutter that stayed on the outside and cut wood. He told him he would have to be awful careful with his meat if he went by there. Said them goblins would try to take it away from him. Well, he went by that place and the old~~ woodcutter asked him what did he have and he told him he had meat. "Well," he said, "if the goblins find it out they'll take it away from you," but said, "they got a mill, magic mill that'll grind anything you want it to grind, and it's a-settin behind the door." Said, "H' you'll throw that meat in to'em and while they're a-fightin over it, you can get that mill, and bring it out and I'll tell you how to operate it. " Well, so he did. He throwed the meat in to the goblins. They's onto the meat a-fightin over it and he got the mill and come back out to the woodcutter. That woodcutter said, "Now when you want to grind anything--it'll grind anything you want it to--you have to say, 'Hocy, spoky, foky, stop' and hit'll stop." He took the mill and he went home. His wife met him at the door, thinking he'd have something to eat. He told her that he tuck meat for his work but he swapped it on a mill. She stormed at him over takin that old rusty-lookin thing. "Well, " he said, "you get ready now, and we'll have us plenty of forks and knives and things to eat out of," and then said, "we'll have food to eat in ' em. " He got ready and he told the mill, said, "Grind knives and -- _ ~:n . =~ ~-Y _._: forks." And the mill obeyed him and ground what they wanted of knives and forks. He told it to stop from grinding them. Then he told it to grind out plates and teacups and all things they wanted to eat out of and then cooking vessels. And he told the mill now to grind sausage. And so the mill obeyed him and ground them a big meal of sausage, and he said the magic words to get it to stop, 'Hocy, spoky, foky, stops' Well, he ground all kinds of food and anythinghewanted, any kind a mess, and he didn't have to work for his brother. And his brother got kindly uneasy about him and he went to see about him because he hadn't been to work. The pore brother told him, said, "I've quit work." Said, "I've got a mill now." Said, "I can collect all the food and all the things I need without work. " Well, his brother listed on him that he wanted to see some tricks that the mill could do. His brother told him to watch and he'd show him. He got the mill and he spoke the words in a low tone so his brother couldn't hear him start the mill and stop it. He started the mill out and ground sausage. And his brother said, "Well," said, "can you grind fish with the thing?" He spoke the magic words and the big fish commenced flopping out and that sus-prised his brother. Then he ground bread, and he ground gravy, and he ground cornpone, just anything he wanted to eat. Well, his brother listed on him to sell him that mill. His brother told him, said, "I don't want to." Well, he said, "Sell it to me and you won't have to work. You 1 et me have the mill. " His brother finally asked him what would he give. '~ Said, "I'll give you two thousand dollars for the mill," and said, "You can come to the house whenever you want anything and I'll grind you whatever you want and need to eat along. " He traded with him. His rich brother said, "You help me take the mill home and 14 help me start it out till I can operate it, then I'll pay you your money. " The pore brother took the mill over and helped him set it up and got his money and come back to the house. The rich brother took the mill and looked him over and then he told his wife, said, "You go to the field to work tomor and I'll get dinner for us." Said, "I'll have fish and gravy and sausage and just have us a good dinner when you come in." She said, "All right, if you can cook thataway." Said, "I'll go work. " She went to work. Now the pore brother had left the mill with him all right and he told him how to start the mill but he didn't tell him how to stop it. The rich brother was so anxious to start he hurried up and got him a pan and he told the mill to grind fish and gravy and grind it fast. Well, the mill went to grindin and the big fish flopped out and in a minute he had the pan run over. He said, "STOP!" That wouldn't the magic words to stop the mill and the mill didn't stop. He said again, "STOP!" And the mill didn't stop. The pan was run over and the fish and gravy was running into the house. Well, he called it again and he begin to cuss it but it wouldn't stop. He didn't know anything else to do but throw the mill out. He throwed it out the door and still the mill kept on grinding. It run a big branch of gravy and fish, and they went a-floppin on down toward town down in below him. The gravy kept on runnin and the fish kept on floppin, and he saw it was a-goin to run the town over. And he run back to his brother. Said, "Brother," said, "I want you to go quick and stop that mill," said, "it's a-grindin fish and gravy and it's a-goin to have the town flooded if you don't do something with it. " His brother said, "Le's set down and talk awhile. Take you a chear and set down and we'll talk about that mill awhile." Said, "What did you say about that mill?" Said, "Hurry, we got no time to talk. Ever'thing will be drownded. Even my wife will be drownded. " He said, "Well, le's don't be in any hurry," said, 'Ile's talk about it awhile." He said, "Hurry." Said, "I'll give you two more thousand dollars if you'll go and stop that mill, do something with it, and I'll give you that old mill back." Slowly he got up and went with his brother and got his two ~ ` thousand dollars that his brother said he'd give him to get that mill and take it away. He stopped the mill and tuck it on home with him. He was wealthy then by his rich brother's money. 16 He had paid him for the mill and then paid him for talon the mill on hand. 15 They was an old storekeeper near there and he bought up all sorts of stuff, salt and wheat and sech and he tuck it across the sea from one nation to another and sold it. And he Neared about this pore man having this here mill. His brother had told the storekeeper that he had it and that it would grind anything and any amount he wanted it to. So the storekeeper come and saw the pore brother about the mill. He told him, said, 'What will you take for the mill?" "Oh," he said, "I don't want to sell it. I want to keep it to grind my grub and stuff with. " "Well, " he said, "I'll give you enough money so you won't have to grind it. You'll have enough money to buy anything you want. " He said, "Well, how much will you gi'me?" He said, "I'll give you $10, 000 in cash for the mill." He said, "Hokey doh. " Said, "I'll trade you the mill. " He took the mill and he put it on his ship and he got ready to grind. He was aimin to grind a shipload of salt as he want acrost the sea, and take it to another nation. Well, he started the mill to grinding salt and he told it to grind its best. The mill started to whir, whirrin and the salt went to pourin. Filled ever bag he had full and ever tub, ever box. He said "STOP!" And the mill wouldn't obey. That weren't the words to get it to stop and it kept on grindin salt. By that time the salt was gettin so heavy it was almost sinkin the ship. He throwed the mill out into the sea. And if you don't think that the mill is grindin today in the sea, you taste of the sea water , and see if it ain't salty. #### 0 A VOICE IN MY SOUL Poetry and prose by Berea College students. An experimental publication written, edited, and financed by the students. Copies are available at fifty cents each from: i~ THE TWENTY WRITERS Box 1821 MEA COLLEGE A, KENTUCKY 16 "...out of some boards and calico" Dolls fascinate the young-in heart of every age, so a group of craftsmen at Ozone, Tennessee, has created a whole family of play people. Now distributed nationally, the dolls were created as a result of the interest and enthusaism of Helen Bullard, a versatile housewife author-craftsman. In the Following By Helen Bullard article she tells about the beginning of the shop she heads. Ozone is a tiny Cumberland Plateau community between Knoxville and Nashville, Tennessee. OCCASIONALLY A CUSTOMER, who exclaims in a baffled way about the complexities of our wooden doll making happens into Holly Dolls log cabin workshop. "It's nothing," I reply in an airy understatement. "Just a pile of ~' boards and some calico print. And skilled craftsmanship." I excuse myself for this bald over simplification because the prospective customer should be shown the product, not the parade of problems preceding its achievement. To the fellow craftsman, i however, and to those interested t. in the preservation of the folk I arts of the mountains, the pro duction system which solves these problems is perhaps of interest. Holly Dolls started with the modest hope of bringing nostal- ~ MISS HOLLY gic hand-carved dolls to little n girls who had never seen any except in their books. Miss Margaret Cambell of Pleasant Hill Crafts made the original design for "Miss Holly" and showed me how to make a stop cut. For three weeks I carved doll heads, going as far on them as I could and then driving the 25 miles to Pleasant Hill to watch Pony Paige for a hint or two as to how to go on. It took me two months to redesign the doll and turn out the five samples which a friend in a Chattanooga advertising agency sent to shopping column editors for a "market test." When the three which were accepted and used brought in orders for nearly five hundred dollars' worth of dolls, my professional friend said, "I believe you have a salable item. " Since that time I have never held back. I have built up stocks steadily, confident that when I had dolls, I could sell them them. If stocks began to seem heavy, I put more effort and money into sales promotion and cleared the shelves. Obviously, I couldn't do this job alone. As soon as the five samples were completed, I got together a group of my neighbors who wanted to work at home making extra money. All were expert quitters and careful workers. In several morning sessions I taught them the simplified system for sewing doll clothes which I had worked out. Presently they were turning out. these clothes by the dozen sets--much faster then I could carve the bodies to go with them. With the carving of the bodies, I made a costly mistake. Thinking that men and boys were the best whittlers, I tried half a dozen of them on doll bodies. The legs for 16-year-old Miss Holly were impressively muscled, the hands crude and the whole result a mess of spoiled blanks. So when the girls turned in their dress contracts, I said to them, "We can't make any more dresses until you learn to carve Todies." When they demurred, I said, "It isn't much different from peeling apples and those hard pears of ours. We'll work into NOTION NANNY it gradually. " They whittled on the body parts until the knife felt at home in their hands. Then came legs and arms. I suppose I must have carved ten dozen hands before they began one by one to get their confidence built up to tackle them. Hands for a 10-inch doll look very small indeed. For nearly a year I bought heads from Pleasant Hill Crafts, carved to my specifications by Polly Paige and painted by Miss Campbell. By that time I could carve them myself, and Ellen Hutson was willing to "have a try" at them. Nell and Mildred Allen are still carving most of our doll bodies at NellÃ‚Â°s kitchen table, changing off when their hands get cramped, to the fine stitching of doll dresses. "Old Mammy" Allen, a good carver whose grip at seventy has been spoiled by arthritis, sews garments by the hundred for the Tennessee Mountain Kids and puts them on the little bodies carved by Nell and Mildred. Matt Blomfield, whose talent for painting was developed on Miss Holly faces, still paints them and the Notion Nanny faces. She carves and paints the Abbys. My own job is to keep the production schedule in balance, to inspect the finished work, to add the finishing touches which give Holly Dolls their distinction, andÃ¢â‚¬Å¾of course, to market them. So now, after five years, all the dollmakers are women. The lone exception is 'hitch' McBride, mountain toymaker (whose "Spinnin' Fool" top is hitting the Big Time), who cuts all the blanks. Our dollmakers' skilled craftsmanship has won us membership in the Southern Highland Handicraft Guild. Each of the dollmakers has perfected her technique in two or three different operations, which she performs by the dozen on various parts of the dolls. Since each one does the things she likes best and can do best, the dolls are a reflection of her pleasure and skill. Each of the girls is proud of her growing collection of Holly Dolls, built up by Christmas bonuses. Each has a small income of her own and a recognized profession, although she lives far from a town and the usual kind of job. No high-grade craft product could be made on this small massproduction base without the closest kind of cooperation among its workers. This is Holly Dolls only trade secret. All of us want to make the best wooden dolls in the country, and we believe that if we work hard and intelligently at it, we can do so. Holly Dolls regular line includes nearly twenty dolls, each is related to this region. Special favorites in this area are the nativity groups, the Tennessee Mountain Kids, Miss Holly, and Barb'ry Allen. Barb'ry is "the last of the real mountain girls" whose bare feet padded the steep hills back of beyond. She wears a real split bonnet and flour sack drawers and carries a dulcimer. `e.- She might be any of our dollmakers in their teens and was designed with their help. Guild craft shops all carry Holly Dolls, as do gift shops all over the country. Most of our dolls, however, are sold by mail and in person to doll collectors, who search high and low for fine handmade originals like those we fashion from a pile of boards and some calico print. ##### ~0 C~~ ~ 0 v . BEREA TO PRODUCE DRAMA BEREA COLLEGE will celebrate its centennial next year with an outdoor drama and other events intended to tell the story of one of the most famous southern mountain schools. Growing out of a church founded by John G. Fee, the college began as a grade school meeting in a log building. It now has about 1500 students, most of whom are from the Southern Mountains. All students who attend the college must labor at least two hours per day for the school. A major event during the year will be the presentation of an outdoor drama next summer. It is being written by Paul Green and an open air theatre is being constructed to stage it. The drama will not only tell the story of Berea but will also include the story of the people of the area as well. k Plans call for the play to become a regular summer activity of the college. - The theatre is being built near Berea at the foot of Indian Fort Mountain in the college forest. The mountain is probably the largest area fortified by Indians anywhere in .North America. Extensive walls and fortifications ring the mountain top, and the site is expected to be a place of additional interest to those who attend the drama. ##### 20 "CIRCLE LEFT" AGAIN AVAILABLE THOSE WHO VALUE our mountain folk heritage in recreation will be glad to know that "Circle Left" has been reissued by Homeplace at Ary, Kentucky. This book contains 33 different games played by children in mountain schools. Some of the games reflect old English origins, while othere are pure American folk play. All of the material in book was collected from children in rural schools within the mountains by Marion Halcomb Skean when she was on the staff at Homeplace. Copies of the book may be obtained by sending 50y to Miss Lula Hale, Homeplace, Ary, Kentucky. "Bluebird, " reproduced below, is a sample of the games contained in "Circle Left. " As played at BLUEBIRD, BLUEBIRD Lost Creek School, Breathitt Couftty. v i n r r ~ l~ o ~ rt t. Blue-bird, blue-bird through my win-dow,Blue-bird,blue-bitdthroughmy win-dow. 2. Take a little girl and pat her on the shoulder,Take afittle girl and pat her on the shoulde l~~ Blue-bird, blue-bird through my win-dow, Hol John-ny and I. Take a little girl and pat heron the shoulder, Ho! John-ny and I. Directions (1) Children stand in a single circle, facing center, with joined hands raised to form arches. One child, the "Bluebird," weaves in and out under the arches. (2) "Bluebird" stops behind one of the players in the circle, tapping her with both hands on the shoulders. Repeat with these two players going in and out the arches, etc. The line grows one each time until each player is in line. Tapping is continuous. When all are in line the last person added taps the original"Bluebird"(Who is in turn tapping the one in front of her, etc.) making the circle complete, one be- r ~_. hind the other, all tapping with a rhythmic up and down mo tion as they sing. 21 SUMMER EVENTS IN THE FOLK ARTS JUNE 8-19: Recreation course at the John C. Campbell Folk School, Brasstown, North Carolina. Course includes American, English, and Danish dances, folk singing, carving, puppetry, recorder playing and discussion periods. Staff includes May ' Gadd, Lucile and Lynn Gault, Marguerite and Otto Wood, Philip Merrill, Murrial Martin, Clyde Stalcup, Fannie McLellari, and Ll George and Marguerite Bidstrup. Total cost is $50. Write Georg Bidstrup, Brasstown, N. C. , for folder and details. JUNE 21-JULY 3: Handicraft course at Brasstown. Total cost is a $62. Write as above. JULY 15: Six weeks course in recreation at the University of West Virginia, Morgantown. Deals with mountain folk material but no field work is involved. Regular college tuition is charged, and college credit is given. For details write the Registrar, University of West Virginia, Morgantown, West Virginia. JULY 20-24: Craftsman's Fair at Asheville, N. C. Write the Southern Highland Handicraft Guild, 8-1/2 Wall St. , Asheville. dde~ ' AUGUST 3: Pinewoods Country Dance Camp begins and continues for three weeks. Includes American square and contra dances, English country, Morris and sword dances, square dances of New England, West and South, and English and Appalachian folk songs. Costs about $50 per week. Write Country Dance Society of America, 31 Union Square, New York 3, N. Y. AUGUST 15-SEPTEMBER 1: Anglo-American School near Stratford, England. American and English dancers join together for school. Write Mrs. Raymond McLain, 412 Cathedral Parkway, New York 25, N. Y. MUSIC WORKSHOP The Windswept Music Workshop, under the direction of Margaret Allen Franke, will be held at Big Hill, Kentucky, from June 15 to June 23 this year. The workshop is held at Mrs. Franke's mountaintop home, Windswept. Staff includes Rolf E. Hovey, chairman of the Department of Music at Berea College, and Edmond Allison, assistant director of the Harvard Glee Club. Cost is $75 for room, board, and tuition. Write Mrs. Margaret Allen Franke, Berea, Kentucky. 22 "THIS IS MY BEST" THE DEPARTMENT in our magazine where some creative worker living in the Southern Mountains shares with us the best of his past labor. This issue it is a photographer... Ed DuPuy Ed IhiPuy has done much to dignify people and places in the Southern Mountains by presenting them in a sympathetic light through his pictures. Publications all over the country use his pictures and he will do much in coming years to tell the story of the development of our region. Ed lives with his wife and two children at Black Mountain, North Carolina. A craftsman in wood as well as with camera, he is a member and former officer of the Southern Highland Handicraft Guild. A genial young man with long, supple fingers and a homespun way about him, Ed is able to trip the shutter at that critical moment when the subject suddenly reveals his whole personality. His pictures crackle with life. About his work, Ed has written: "No two people look at a photograph in the same way, so 'my best' may in someone else's opinion be 'my worst.' All the photographer can do is to try to record his impression at the time, and if by chance some other person can by means of that photograph receive or obtain the impression which the photographer is trying to convey, then that photograph is successful. "Like most photographers, I didn't start out to be one-I just like people and the things they do, so I have made an honest effort to record them. "The thing that fascinates me most about the camera is the endless variety of its work. No two circumstances are exactly alike, and every time the shutter is tripped there is a real challenge. That very thing; though, can cause a great amount of frustration. The endless number of variables from the technical standpoint alone can be heartbreaking at times, and in most cases there are no second chances. But on the whole, life without the camera would be very dull for me. " ~;d has chosen the pictures on the following pages as his best. HAND AND EYE. PERFECTLY COORDINATED TOOLS OF A MOUNTAIN CRAFTSMAN. THIS DOCUMENTARY SHOWS HOW THE ARE THE MOST PRECIOUS STARK BARENESS OF A MOUNTAIN HOME CAN IN THE BREATH-TAKING BEAUTY OF CHERRY BLOSSOMS IN SPRING. Lou ISF, THE WOODCUTTER, PAUSES A MOMENT TO PASS THE TIME OF DAY WITH A FRIEND. LIKE MANY OF THE ORIGINAL MOUNTAIN MEN, LOUIS HAS THE KEEN BLUE EYES AND FINELY CH [SLED FEATURES OF HIS SAXONY FORE BEARERS MODE WITH A SPRING MOTORED MOVING CAMERA THAT TAKES A STILL PICTURE, THE PHOTOGRAPH BELOW RECORDS THE VIEW AS THE EVE SEES IT. PANORAMIC CAMERAS OF THE SORT THAT TOOK THIS PICTURE ARE NO LONGER MADE-THE ONE THAT TOOK THIS SHOT IS MORE THAN 60 YEARS OLD. - THE MOUNTAIN FIDDLER IS OFTEN A CRAFTSMAN ALSO, AND IN THIS CASE HE PLAYS 'THE INSTRUMENT HE HAS MADE HIMSELF. IT IS INTERESTING TO NOTE THE MANNER IN WHICH THE MOUNTAIN FIDDLER HOLDS THE INSTRUMENTÃ¢â‚¬Â¢ NEVER TOUCHING THE CHIN, BUT HALFWAY DOWN ON THE CHEST, WITH THE END OF THE BOW DOING MOST OF THE WORK. 4 27 PUBLIC CONCERN HELPS SOLVE The Southern Mountain Area is MOUNTAIN Slowly moving towards the day when there will be adequate medical HEALTH services available to everyone who needs them. PROBLEMS one of the most recent organizations to start work in the area is the Tennessee Medical Foundation, an organization which CLIFFORD SEEBER is seeking to help the people them selves develop and finance their own medical programs. The author is field secretary for the Foundation. THE PEOPLE OF THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN Area are constantly faced with grave problems involving health and medical care. For example: Uncle Ezra Carroll had a severe pain in his stomach. There was no doctor within 20 miles of the Carroll home. Aunt Charity, Uncle Ezra's wife, applied poultices and hot water bottles, but the pain continued, even increased in intensity. Suddenly Aunt Charity thought of a remedy--one her grandmother had used one time. She searched the corners of the corn shuck mattress and found two live bed bugs, which she rolled into a small wad of corn meal dough and gave to Uncle Ezra to swallow. Soon the pain subsided, and another victory for Granny's home remedies had been chalked up. ` A dozen families in an isolated hollow of the Cumberland Mountains depend upon a 15-year-old girl, with a pair of wire pliers, for their dental work. One community of a thousand population has as its doctor a young man who has never been inside a college of medicine. One mountainous area, once served by fifteen doctors, now has three doctors: one who is old, one who stays drunk most of the time, and one who charges $25.00 for a house call. When these problems were brought to the attention of the -- Tennessee Medical Association, leading doctors began casting about for a solution. A non profit organization, the Tennessee Medical Foundation, -`- --_ _ was chartered, and a field secretary employed, to help communi ties study their health and medical care problems and to develop Ã¢â‚¬Â¢~ 28 plans for obtaining better medical services. The Foundation concentrated its efforts on four experimental or "target " areas in East Tennessee. In each of these areas a committee of local leaders has been asked to assume full responsibility for procuring physical facilities needed for a community medical center. The Foundation, with the help of a wide variety of local, state, and federal agencies, provides technical and professional assistance to these committees in procuring medical facilities, recruiting personnel, and in developing a sound medical care program. Each of the "target" areas is working on its own problems in its own way. At Lafollette the city council voted $100, 000 in bonds and secured enough State and Federal matching funds for the construction of a 40-bed hospital, to be operated by the city. At Wartburg the Morgan County Court appropriated $25, 000 for the construction of a clinic building, to house two doctors and a dentist as well as the County Health Department. Additional funds are to be made available later for procuringanX-Ray machine and other permanent equipment. A schedule of rental payments is to be worked out to amortize the cost of the building and equipment. In the Whitwell-Palmer mining area near Chattanooga, a local committee is now making a survey to determine the extent of the area's medical needs and,of financial support for a clinic or hospital facility. In Clear Fork Valley, a mountainous section of Campbell and Claiborne Counties, Tennessee, and of Bell County,Kentucky,where people have been virtually without medical care since the recent death of the only certified doctor in the area, a unique plan for procuring medical care is being evolved. When the mines were running full force, any one of the five mining communities in this area was able to support a doctor;' but recently some of the mines have closed., andthere are not enough men working in any one community for it to support its own doctor. The only answer seems to be that of community collaboration. The Tennessee Medical Foundation came into the picture at this point and helped leaders in five of the communities to get together on a joint project. A local committee was set up to raise funds and to make necessary renovations on a building to be used as a clinic headquarters to serve all five communities. All funds were collected to pay for materials and the men in the five communities agreed to donate their labor. zs Continuous local financial support for this project will come primarily from a prepaid medical insurance plan which is being worked out specifically for this area. The Tennessee Medical Foundation has agreed that when the building is ready, it will procure a doctor and part-time dentist to work in the clinic. The State Health Department, the University of Tennessee, Vanderbilt University, the U. M. W. A. , and various other agencies and groups have joined with the Tennessee Medical Foundation in helping the people of Clear Fork Valley with this project. Although much remains to be done, the program in Clear Fork Valley is well on its way. The work of the Tennessee Medical Foundation with these four "target" areas indicates that communities, by pooling their own resources and utilizing those of outside agencies, can improve the quality of medical care for an isolated area. As the health and medical care problems of these four "target" areas are solved, the Foundation expects to give assistance to other isolated areas of the state where there is a need for improved medical care services. Medical service must go to the people where they are." 30 Adult Education: WHOSE RESPONSIBILITY? NICHOLAS P. MITCHEL This lively statement about adult education is a condensation of an address 6y Dr. Mitchgll at the Annual Meeting of the Council. The author is editor of THE NEWS, Greenville, South Carolina, and is president of the Southeastern Adult Education Association. SUCCESSFUL ADULT EDUCATION means the development of a mature attitude toward the varied problems of life on the part of all our people beyond the teen-age years. It is more than combatting illiteracy, more than vocational training, more than the encouragement of a pleasing and perhaps profitable hobby, more than the teaching of good health practices, more their learning the ins and outs of world politics or religious doctrines or cattlefeeding formulas or recipes for cake or clam chowder. It is all of these-and more. And it is just as important to the possessor of a string of graduate degrees as to the man or woman who never saw the inside of a schoolhouse. Education is a relative matterand the world does not stand still. Progressive growth of the mind and spirit are indisputable essentials to human development. And there is no hope for that progressive growth unless one's education continues. Without it man finds himself cut off from greater vision, like the terrapin trapped in a rut on a country road. And like that terrapin he may be doomed to destruction by the crushing weight of a zooming juggernaut-unless he finds a way to get out of that rut, without delay. Those who are privileged to work in adult education have as their calling the stimulation and fulfillment of that demand for more and continuing education, in the broadest sense of the term, without which man must fail to achieve the vast potential with which the Creator has endowed him. Philosophically that is the purpose of adult education-to help man, wherever he lives, to rise above those limitations which the humdrum activities of a prosaic and so-called "practical" existence place upon him-to keep him striving throughout life toward the realization of the dreams that he confidently and hopefully shaped when he still enjoyed the vigor and aspiration of youth-to retain in him the joy of living, as a free and unfettered 31 human being, created in God's own image. In fairness to our youth we adults must do a better job of developing in ourselves and our contemporaries a clearer con ception of the attitudes required today for mental stability and personal growth. Intelligent adult education, then, is a part of the effort to strengthen the nation's most precious asset, our children. It is also a part of the effort to make more workable our democratic system of government. Someone has said thatdicta torship is like a great ocean liner which proudly plows the sea until it hits an iceberg and sinks, whereas democracy is like a raft, virtually unsinkable, but its passengers almost always get t their feet wet. Thinking in terms of our own region we need to realize that today the South is the nation's economic opportunity number one. To take full advantage of that fact requires apeople mentally and physically alert and eager, backed by adult education programs designed to stimulate their progress. We have done much in fifteen years but we cannot stop. Relatively we are still behind, and others are moving forward too. A new creative South must accept the idea that instead of quarreling over the distribution of scarcity between workers and managers, or blacks and whites, or marginal workers and those a rung higher on the economic ladder, or tenants and landlords, it must be producing more goods and services to be distributed. And as Jasper Shannon once put it, the South of tomorrow must be less disturbed about who is kept in his place and more con cerned with how the place of all is raised. Our principal objective must be not to keep anybody down, but to raise everybody up. In this new South we must reject once and for all every man who preaches the hatred of his fellow man. Hatred has become a luxury which will have to be eliminated in an atomic world; we cannot afford it. If we are lucky enough to survive the menace of atomic war, the increasing span of life means that there will be more and more adults with more and more leisure time which they will want to use to good advantage. Adult educators will thus face heavier burdens, more difficult problems; on the other hand, the opportunities that will be theirs will defy the imagination. ` They will be able to capitalize on the most revolutionary develop ment of all in the twentieth century South-the fact that today's southerners look forward, not backward. And adult educators must help them to turn their dreams into realities. Above everything there must be awakened in the average adult a sense t 32 of personal responsibility for what happens in this country, j politically, socially, economically and spiritually, today and a tomorrow. The duties of citizenship must be actively accepted, f' not merely passively discharged. If the world is to be brought in balance, social scientists and humanitarians must match in y their fields the staggering accomplishments of the physical j 13 scientists in theirs. All of this requires adult education. i It is a great challenge, then, that lies ahead, in the whole 1 nation, and in this, our South. So we come squarely up against p the problem-who is to meet it? Adult education: whose respon sibility? Shall we expect government-federal, state or local- p to handle it? Shall it be given to agricultural extension? Shall it be turned over to the social workers, the churches, the c librarians or to volunteer groups, including those great agencies s which so often do splendid jobs in the adult education field with- c out ever having realized that they are in it? Shall we assign this task to privately operated concerns, the vendors of home study courses and others? Shall we give it to the public schools? Shall j the colleges and universities be asked to educate the adults, and, if so, shall only their extension divisions do the work? Shall we 11 call upon community councils or regional bodies such as this Council of Southern Mountain Workers to carry the full load? f The answer is that the field is so vast and has so many facets Ã¢â‚¬Å¾~' Ã¢â‚¬Å¾r/ o that there is a part to be played by all these agencies. If all of e them gave their best efforts it would still be difficult to meet the i staggering demands. Certain kinds of activities may of course be better handled by one group than by another. To avoid dupli cation and to be sure that as many services as possible are being furnished, we need better communications among adult educators. But our accomplishment will not be what it should be unless the lead is taken by those who bring to the field, organizationwise, business methods and a tried and experienced business philosophy. Ours is a competitive world for men's time, money, interest. The schools and colleges need to provide the basic machinery for adult education, with other groups working not necessarily exclusively, but to a large extent, through that machinery. You of the public and private schools may say that you already have too much to do and too little with which to do it. I do not quarrel with the admitted facts of overcrowding, teacher shortage, ,,~ limited monies. But we are entering the era of the adult, and those millions of adults who are going to insist on continuing the learning process throughout life will bring increasing pressure upon you to accept the leadership. 33 You who represent colleges and universities may also justifiably cry that your burdens are already heavy, but that if you fill the need, the means can and will be found. Your institutions must provide more classes for adults on your campuses and in your various educational centers make your adult work even more a part of normal college activity. There is no reason why it should be treated as a thing apart, something criticized and looked down upon, as it too often is by those who do not participate in it. Secondly, you must train the leaders for the many adult programs carried on off your campuses, by a great host of agencies. Viewed purely from a standpoint of self-interest, colleges which fill the need for such trained leaders will be on sounder ground than ever before with the adults who, after all, control the community and the state within which they operate. Here is an opportunity for educational organizations, public and private, to enjoy the period of their happiest public relations. The churches, too, have a role of great importance, for they must supply the inspiration with which training and organization must be supplemented if the work succeeds. The fact that these three great institutions should be out in front in adult education, as I see it, does not mean that the rest of us can shut up shop. So long as we have, in this country and especially in this Southland, people with immature minds there is work to be done by us all, lay and professional alike. #### CRAFT SUPPLIES Free Price List Sent on Request Ã¢â‚¬Â¢Ã¢â‚¬Â¢Ã¢â‚¬Â¢Ã¢â‚¬Â¢ Prompt Mail Service TENNESSEE CRAFTSMEN Att: Ronald Slayton 2006 Sutherland Ave. Knoxville, Tennessee L ' FOR YOUR VACATION Spend a quiet vacation in the heart of the Kentucky mountains. Enjoy the natural beauty of the hills, the birds, the wild flowers, the walks through the woods. Have fun with a loom. Swim in our pool. The small guest house at Pine Mountain Settlement School will welcome you. Guest Rates: Board and Room, $5.50 per day or $33.00 per week. Write Burton Rogers, Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, Kentucky 34 A BOOKMOBILE GROWS INTO AN INSTITUTION perhaps you imagine that a regional bookmobile library is a place that circulates books. That may be in some places, but in the mountains of northern Georgia the regional ' library has grown into an institut ion serving a dozen different needs BYRD NESTER in its area. The article below tells something i of the scope of the Northeast Georgia Regional Library. It is written by the Library Director. WAY UP IN THE MOUNTAINS of Georgia, near the North Carolina and the South Carolina borders, are three counties which have pooled their efforts and resources to provide library service for their people. The result is called the Northeast Georgia Regional Library. It serves Habersham, Stephens, and White Counties, with Clarkesville, the county seat of Habersham, as headquarters. Cleveland and Cornelia, two other towns in the area, have branch libraries, while the rural areas and the other small towns are served by a bookmobile on a six-week schedule. This library had its beginning in the 1930's as a county project under WPA guidance and financial help. In 1944 Habersham and Stephens counties decided to pool their local efforts, and by so doing secured not only their county share of state funds for library support, but an added amount for regional work. They employed a trained librarian, purchased a second bookmobile, and became one among the first regional libraries in the state. In 1952 White County joined them. The goal of the Library is to meet all the reading needs of the entire population of the three counties. To do this we try to have on the staff persons who are familiar with our patrons, actual and potential, who know the backgrounds and interests of the people, who are on friendly terms with them, who attend their churches and community meetings, and who keep in touch with the things that are happening to them. School children receive first consideration and that interest is certainly bearing fruit as circulation figures show. About 80% of the circulation is to children, but more and more adults 35 join our ranks as these children finish school and enter adult life. Non-fiction reading among both juveniles and adults has increased more than 200% in the past ten years. Requests for reference works have grown from nothing during the days of the county library to a commendable amount at present. When we purchased our first encyclopedia there was a howl to high heaven 1 We were wasting money! ! "Nobody will ever use it. What we need is more love stories, westerns,'and mysteries. That it all these people will read." Since then we have come to realize that encyclopedias are a must, and every day points to the fact that more reference materials have to be secured, for some of the things we are queried about would stump the experts! For example, we were asked, "How can you tell the difference between a male and a female rattlesnake?" Frankly, we can't, nor do we want to, but, like Marshall Field, we believe that we will prosper if we "give the lady what she wants. " In order that our people may come to know how largely the Library can fit into their lives we have carried regular radio programs; the four weekly newspapers in the region carry bock reviews and library news; displays in the two large windows help to publicize our "wares"; schools have been invited to display some of their work in these windows, and have frequently H3be'rfttt! ounty ftkmobile _ C~ark~e, ciccar~i~ ~.~m F w .~~~, ~Ã‚Â° .. w 36 accepted this opportunity to bring to the public samples of their work, which usually can be enriched by the use of our books and f materials. Recently we displayed a traveling art exhibit from schools throughout the State of Georgia. Many teachers, u children, snd parents came in to see if "we do not have as good ~ ~ d artists in our own schools as can be found anywhere else." Through these contacts we have built good relationships which have been of enormous value to us, the schools and the e I general public. Joining clubs and other organized groups helps the staff personally and it helps the library quite as much. Since this is chiefly a rural area, we find our greatest contacts by belonging to the Technical Group, an organization composed of the county agent, home demonstration agent, soil conserva tionist, forest ranger, and others whose work is with rural t: people. We attend as many of their meetings as possible, and from time to time, give them lists of books and periodicals which may be helpful in their fields. Working with communities that are competing in the Atlanta Farmers Club's Better Community Contest is another of our a ventures. We are fortunate in having available films, film strips, and recordings which they often need. Five years ago Habersham and Stephens, with the neighboring county of Rabun, established the Audio-Visual Center here, taking advantage of the state's offer to match local funds up to a certain amount in the purchase of audio-visual materials. This has become an important department of the regional library. Most of this service is to schools, but clubs, churches, and other groups may borrow anything in the collection. In addition to our own holdings in this field, we subscribe to the State School A-V Service, and to the Public Library Film Service. These latter are used with adult education programs, and not with the schools, since the schools may, for a small fee, secure their own films from the same source. During the year of 1952-53 our Library conducted a series of American Heritage Discussion programs under the direction of the American Library Association, and financed by the Fund for Adult Education of the Ford Foundation. This venture was so successful that the group voted to continue it again during 1953 54. In addition, we have had this year a young adult group doing the same thing. These groups have met at headquarters in Clarkesville, but next year we hope to carry on a series in one of the other towns of the region. Atlanta, almost a hundred miles away, is the nearest good source from which books may be purchased. Two years ago I r~rr~... _:...._.. 37 several patrons of our Library expressed a desire to give books for Christmas, birthday, and other occasions. We arranged with Rich's Department Store to have a wide assortment of books sent up for display during Book Week. Several publishing companies did the same thing. From the display patrons were permitted to choose titles they liked and we delivered the books in time for Christmas giving. The Library was given a discount which enabled it to finance the venture, and it has been such a popular service that we have continued it since then, not only at Christmas but all through the year. During the summer we have several hundred children joining our Vacation Reading Clubs. Then, during Book Week, we plan a party for them at which time they visit the Library and receive their certificates. At the first such observance we called on many people and groups to help us. The missionary societies of local churches sent representatives to act as hostesses in the religious section; garden clubs prepared flower and driftwood displays; hobby groups sent in examples of their handicrafts, and all of them had someone present each day as hostess in that department. One patron lent a collection of old and rare books which were displayed side by side with some outstanding modern books. High school girls took care of the fiction and history sections each afternoon, while high school boys looked after the science booth. And this last deserves a paragraph of its own. Three years ago, during the summer, teachers in the area who were studying natural science at nearby Piedmont College collected several remarkable exhibits of rocks. For better display, they purchased three ultra violet minerallight lamps. At the end of the summer the question arose as to what should be done with these so that they would always be available for use in the classroom. They asked if the Regional Library would accept them as a part of its regular holdings, reserving them for use by teachers and any adult interested in stones. We were delighted to have them, and have found them much in demand. During this first Book Fair in 1952 they were placed in the science exhibit with other experiments, materials and books, and the boys in charge of this booth were more popular than they will ever be again, I am sure, for everyone simply "dung out" there. From their use in the schools has come a keen interest in the w stones of the region, and several people have found some semi precious stones of sufficient value to warrant cutting and making into jewelry. The first year in which we invited the children to come to head Folk 3$ To quarters for their certificates, only those from Habersham County came. Last year we also had those from Stephens County, and than but for an unexpected bit of trouble about the bus, those from are i White Co-Z . would have come in also. In the future we hope eon i to have all winners here. We are fortunate in having a good-sized room in the library 00 which can be used for meetings of various small groups. The o~ Home Demonstration Council, the U. D. C. , county school d principals, various committees, and other groups use it upon the occasion. All in all, there are few people in our territory who me School are not well aware of our existence, and they call on us for pares everything from "What was Atlanta's first name?" to "What is a grausedeof palatable substitute for $1.15 cent coffee?" #### -- Publications of Value IN RECENT YEARS many publications of special value have appeared in America. To keep our readers informed about such material, we plan to publish a few paragraphs about one or two in each issue of our 'i magazine. We welcome suggestions from our readers about publications that should be mentioned in this section. THE LAND THE LAND Magazine is one of the best of a new type of quarterly now appearing in America: an organizational publication that is interesting enough to appeal to a much wider public than just the members of the group sponsoring it. Published by Friends of the Land, "a society for the conservation of soil, rain and man," THE LAND might be termed a "conservation" magazine in the broadest meaning of that much-used word. Not only does the publication print articles about the technical side of soil and water conservation, but it also provides a means of publishing material about the diversified cultural groups that go to make up America. It will appeal to any person interested in rural life in any of its aspects. Perhaps its greatest asset is its lack of set formula in makeup and content,so noticeable in mass circulation publications. There is a homey sense of informality about it that reflects the easy-going philosophy of Russell Lord, the editor. Beautifully illustrated throughout with photographs and drawings, the magazine would be a useful addition to any classroom or library. Special membership rates, including subscription to the magazine, are offered to libraries, teachers, ministers and some professional conservation workers. Friends of the Land has its office at 1368 N. High Street, Columbus 1, Ohio. ###### 2. Any unlicensed dog not ac Folklaire Conference To Begin T011ZOrrOW than are con leg CIOq dei the IN THE NEWS... A Resume of Current Articles and Books Dealing With Our Area and Its People compamed by its owner that I On Page 2(f, Section jL Whitesbttrg Hospital Design tional Award The design for the proposed Whites won a top award in a national archi, aI one of 10 to be built in a program Workers, was winner in the health acted by Progressive Aychitecture, na. ~ ~esigners' provisions not only for custo also for making the unit an efficient ier hospitals proposed by the U.M.W. School" has been especially pre- ~ in Kentuc~ and West Virginia. pared to assist high-school and The design, one of 600 submitted in the contest, was developed grade-school teachers in making by the architecural firm of Sherlock, Smith, and Adams, Montgomery, use of folklore in teaching. Ala. The Richmond Times-Dispatch recently published a memorial editorial on the death of the Rev. Dr. George P. Mayo. Dr. Mayo was one of the early founders of the Council of Southern Mountain Workers and a staunch supporter of everything constructive in the Southern Mountains. In paying tribute to Dr. Mayo, the newspaper said: THE REV. DR. GEORGE P. MAYO'S long and fruitful life was dedicated to the cause of education for the boys and girls of the Central Virginia mountains, many of whom faced obstacles or handicaps of one sort or another. He was the founder and guiding spirit for decades of the Blue Ridge School at St. George, Greene County, originally the Blue Ridge Industrial School. The school was established in 1909 by Dr. Mayo, after he had seen the need for an institution in the mountains for the education and training of the youth of Greene, Albemarle, Madison and adjacent counties. Public schools at that time were nothing like so numerous or well-developed as they are today. The institution has grown remarkably, and has become one of the most extraordinary educational centers of its kind. The sacrificial spirit of Dr. Mayo has permeated the entire administrative and teaching staff, and the Blue Ridge School has become a classic example of almost unbelievable accomplishment on a budget that strikes most outsiders as so small as to be fantastically inadequate. Such achievement would not have been conceivable without the corlilbined efforts of many dedicated souls, but the prime factors throughout were the leadership and imagination of the consecrated man who has just breathed his last. Dr. Mayo's earthly pilgrimage is ended, but his influence and example survive in the happy and successful lives of the hundredsto whom he afforded educational opportunity and sympathetic understanding. ##### .. _ ,o 40 BOOKS WAR'S UNCONQUERED CHILDREN SPEAK, by Alice Cobb, Beacon Press, i 25 Beacon Street, Boston, Massachusetts, 1953. $3.50 ', READERS OF "MOUNTAIN LIFE and WORK" will have a special interest in "War's Unconquered Children Speak" because the author was at one time on the staff of the Council of Southern Mountain Workers. She came to us from Pine Mountain Settlement School with Glyn Morris, who was Executive Secretary of the Council for the year 1945-46, and after his resignation she stayed on a year or two with Florence Goodell. During this time her major work was in connection with the editing of this magazine. In her book Alice Cobb takes us not only on a geographical journey through nine countries of Europe and the middle East, giving us glimpses of the life and customs of these people, but she takes us on a journey deep into the hearts of children and young people who have known such loss and deprivation as most of us have never had to face. One can see that Alice Cobb loves children and children love her. Even though she can not speak to them in their own languages, these stories reveal that there is an international language of the heart in which our author is well versed. It is true, as Sophia Fahs says in the introduction, that "this book has in it a great deal of tragedy." One shudders to face the reality of the unremitting tragedy in the story of the Arab children whose experiences have taught them to hate and distrust everyo-?e. But there is beauty too. As Miss Fahs goes on to say, "When one discovers even occasionally the bloom of a mature sympathy and the brightness of gaiety springing up out of the mire of cruel experience, the miracle of it lends a glory to all humanity and makes our own less reasonable hatreds seem almost ridiculous." Read of the Greek girl, Sophia Alexious, who lost both home and family. "No, I do not hate the Germans or the Communists either. I do not hate anybody. I do not believe these people or any people are bad. I believe they are ignorant and wrong. But war does not teach anybody anything but war and more sorrow." To quote again from the introduction, "These stories are for our own healing as well as the healing of others." The book ends with the journey to Finland and for me that was one of the most healing of the experiences. In her account Miss Cobb portrays the invincible courage, the understanding compassion, and the undaunted hope of the Finns for the future. The orphanage mother m_ . 41 did not like to dwell on the tragedies that had brought children to her loving care. "It was all in the past," she says, "It has nothing to do with the present. And now we are in the present. We look forward to the future. The present is warm and kind. The future must be full of hope. If you do not hope, what is the "i%r use of living? If you are always looking backward, how can you go ahead? It is really very simple." No wonder Miss Cobb says, "But, no, the Finns I met are not poor people... They haven't any money. But they are very rich." This is a book I recommend to those who want to understand the sufferings that war has brought to the various children of the world and who also, like the Finns, believe in the future and the enduring values of the unconquered human spirit. --Helen Dingmcm ADULT EDUCATION SEMINAR AN ADULT EDUCATION SEMINAR has been announced by the University of Virginia Extension Division for July 26August 13, in Abingdon, Virginia. Participants may receive three semester hours credit if they desire; or they may take it on a non-credit basis. Fees total $22. 50. The Seminar is a part of the University Extension program of helping communities help themselves. Using the Virginia Highlands Festival as one of the community movements studied and as a laboratory, the seminar will be held so that its last two weeks will coincide with the Festival. Attention will be given to the theory, philosophy,and best current practices in adult education; to methods of using the community's assets and developing its leadership resources. Scheduled meetings will provide time for lectures, discussion, reading and field work. Instructors are Jess and Jean Ogden, who are in charge of the University of Virginia Extension Division's Bureau of Community Services and co-authors of These Things We Tried and Small Communities in Action. For further information write S. R. Crockett, Area Director, University of Virginia Extension Division, Box 266, Marion, Virginia. ##### Staff Needs W`"' SOCIAL WORKERS IN THE FIELD OF PUBLIC ASSISTANCE. INCLUDING SOCIAL WORKERS FOR THE CHILDREN'S SERVICES PROGRAM. ARE NEEDED IN VARIOUS COUNTIES THROUGHOUT KENTUCKY. FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION. APPLY 70 THE BRIT SYSTEM SUPERVISOR, ROOM 3 2 1. NEW CAPITOL ANNE% BUILDING. FRANKFORT. KY.. OR 70 THE DIVISION OF PUBLIC ASSISTANCE. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC SECURITY. FRANKFORT. KY. ...r 42 T Festivals An increasing number of state and regional recreational festivals are W E P, S T E A helping keep alive our Southern i Mountain folk heritage. Below are W F O L K F E S T 1 V A L reports on two recent ones. CAMP CAESAR THE 4-H CAMP 10 miles south of Webster 01 Springs, West Virginia, was the scene of some exciting fun in square dancing on April 9th and 10th for dancers from all over r West Virginia. This was the second Annual Webster Folk Festival and d from all reports twice as successful as last year's-certainly a great d success in itself. o Comfortably housed in Camp Caesar's rock cabins and stuffed with c good food in the dining hall, the thirty or so people who enrolled for the entire time were in good spirits to enjoy the dancing, just for fun c and for learning, too. In the evenings up to 45 more people came to t the,camp to join in the festival. Miss Mernie Judy, a wonderfully a vivacious and enthusiastic caller and teacher from Burlington, W. Va. , B was there for the entire time to spark the evening parties and the day b time classes. Mr. Joe Blundon of Keyser, W. Va. , added much with T his lively squares and New England contra dances. Live music was S provided the first evening by two local men, and on both nights members g of the Society called many of the squares. Miss Sylvia Carstens of the Council of Southern Mountain Workers also taught some English and t American country dances and big circle mixers. s This festival is the outgrowth of the very vigorous, though young, Webster Folklore Society which was organized on Valentine's day 1952 fi in order to preserve Webster County's folklore, offer wholesome d; recreation to adults and supply trained leaders to youth, as Mr. Wilson Woods, program chairman, explained to the group. Back in 1948 e Webster County people realized that they had no organized recreation e for their youth, and after studying that situation found that neither did a they have any for the adults. They started by having square dancing at a teachers' meeting and from there a group of teachers went on to take a course connected with West Virginia University in square dancing and calling. The Webster Folklore Society includes members from 18 to 80 years old, and last year the Society served three to four thousand youth with either leaders or equipment, as well as serving all the important state educational meetings and the Mountain State Forest Festival two years ago. Actually Webster County has never lost its folk heritage. There has been an almost continual line of participation in and leading of square dancing since the earliest days of Webster County. It is a revival of interest more than actual material that has come about lately. The plans for the future are filled. with hopes for more festivals, especially a youth day, for expanded facilities, and for ever widening opportuni ties to provide leadership and leadership training wherever there is the need and the interest. I 43 T H E M 0 U N T A 1 N F 0 L K F E S T I V A L THE MOUNTAIN FOLK FESTIVAL for the nineteenth year was in merry session at Berea College, April 1-3, 1954. The young people who were present included at least one whose parents attended the first Festival in 1935. And so a new generation is entering the movement of folk arts in the Southern Highlands. The joyousness of dancing together is age-old: gay music, sociability, rhythm, and grace belong to the folk dance. Some of the very same dances performed with such enthusiasm in Seabury Gym, were being danced hundreds of years ago on the streets, in the manor houses, and on the village greens in the British Isles and in the countries of continental Europe. The open evening program on Saturday night was presented before a capacity crowd that gave keen and sympathetic attention to the various types of dances. Among them were intricate ones like the North Skelton and Newbiggin sword dances, which were received with great acclaim. But the beautiful Gisburn Processional that opened the program, followed by the Dorset Ring Dance, was perhaps the highlight of the evening. These were shared by all the dancers, who celebrated the arrival of Spring by carrying sprays of redbud, pear and plum bloosom, and green branches. The greatest enjoyment of the Festival by the dancers comes during the informal sessions when old friends dance together and new friendships are formed. One adult visitor remarked: "We were much Ã¢â‚¬Å¾ impressed by the uninhibited nature of the students, and by the very fine group behavior. I might add that they were also excellent in their dancing routines." Other interesting sessions were held, at which ballad singing was enjoyed. Then there were stories, and the sweet music of a recorder ensemble. Also a Punch and Judy Show. These activities are always among the most significant ones at a Mountain Folk Festival. ###, WAKE The child sat by her grandmother Now on a white, white bed. She looked at me with eyes that were old And gravely said, "Grandmother was someone, sir, In these green bottomlands. " When she spoke of the virtues of the dead, Quiet were her small brown hands. I saw the little one mourning For her dim relation's ills . ~ , A thousand years greeting in Ireland, A thousand years crying in wales. --Evalena Gilbert Spears ((((( Mrs. Spears is from Lawrence County, Kentucky, and is the wife of a poet. This is our first publication of her work.))))) WATERS OE WATER- too much or too little- has been making headlines with increasing regularity. In the Southern Mountains "tides" often come roaring down creeks and rivers in the spring, but by fall watersheds may be so dry that the whole area burns over in a forest fire. Fortunately these problems are not insurmountable and for twenty years the Forest Service of the USDA has been studying the problems of water in the Coweeta Hydrological Laboratory in the mountains near Franklin, North Carolina, and coming out with some answers. The Coweeta Creek watershed, where physical scientists carry on their work, is drained by many small mountain streams that flow into Coweeta Creek, and eventually into the Ohio River by way of the Little Tennessee and the Tennessee rivers. The experiments through the years have involved continual study of the more important factors that operate in a normal, heavily forested watershed. Every stream has written its own history during this time, and an elaborate system of instruments record the measurable changes with close accuracy. Other instruments measure rainfall and related factors. As part of every study, streamflow and other measurements are made for several years with the forest in its natural condition. During this "calibration period" the measurements 45 give a picture of the streamflow and other factors that may normally be expected in the experimental area. When the "normal" pattern is established, given watersheds are subjected to various experiments to find out what happens under different conditions. For example, after studying one h,._- ~a. watershed for six years in its undisturbed state, all the trees and bushes were cut down and left lying on the ground, but the forest floor was not disturbed. Another watershed near by w"as left intact as a check. In this way, the scientists were able to determine quite closely how much water a forest uses. _ The results--in this particular case--in terms of soil erosion were not as drastic as might be supposed by the layman. Although - all sprouts are cut back every year so that no plants over a few inches high remain on the land, no erosion has taken place, because the forest floor has not been disturbed. Total annual streamflow from this denuded area increased greatly but with no loss of water quality and with no unusual flows during flood periods. Results were far different on watersheds that were cleared completely and plowed for corn or made into pasture by simply fencing them and turning in the cattle. Twenty-three acres of land planted to corn got poorer each year, so that at the end of the fifth year the harvest didn't pay for the seed. During one storm 152 , 000 pounds of soil and rocks came off this twenty.-three acre mountain farm area in sixty-five minutes of surface run off. On acreage converted into pasture the land and forest fared as badly. In six years' time forage became scarce, as native legumes and grasses practically disappeared. Most of the young trees were heavily browsed, damaged beyond recovery. The ground became hard and lost its capacity to hold water. Even the growth of larger trees was retarded. A valuable watershed became sick unto death. Another experiment was concerned with logging. After six years of study, a heavily forested two hundred twelve acre watershed was turned over to commercial loggers to, be cut over according to their usual methods. The resultant desolation provided valuable material on how not to save land. So dramatic was the story and the study that loggers from all ~ over the Coweeta area have gone to the station to study it, and they are now beginning to realize that it is not only possible, but better economy, to cut the merchantable timber without ruining the land and its water and timber-producing values. Coweeta is only one of several watershed experimental l _- .. c._.^W.~'3a4.*!--. Ã¢â‚¬Â¢- I I 46 laboratories operated by the Forest Service to study the many questions of plant-soil-water relations that remain to be solved here and elsewhere. The highlights of the Coweeta experiment have been told in a movie, "Waters of Coweeta." This movie runs twenty minutes and can be obtained for community group showing by writing to the Regional Foresters, U. S. Forest Service, at Bankers Securities Building, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; or at 50 Seventh Street, N. E. , Atlanta, Georgia, or to the office nearest you. A 24-page bulletin telling the story of this watershed study, A. I. B. 117, may be obtained from the above offices, or by writing to the Forest Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. , and asking for "Waters of Coweeta." The story is told in pictures rather than just words, and the ` illustration at the beginning of this article is taken from it. ### STAFF MEMBERS AVAILABLE ./' Ã¢â‚¬Â¢WANTED: POSITION IN SOUTHERN MOUNTAINS OR SOUTH AS AN ADMINISTRATOR. EXTENSION OR RESEARCH WORKER. OR COLLEGE TEACHER. QUALIFIED IN FIELDS OF FORESTRY. SOIL CONSERVATION. AND AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS. WITH THREE YEARS CHRISTIAN EDUCATION WORK WITH COLLEGE STUDENTS IN M10-WEST. FOUR YEARS WITH THE SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE IN LOUISIANA; FIVE YEARS A FOREST MANAGER IN THE CUMBER LANDS MOUNTAINS, TENNESSEE, INTERESTED IN PROBLEMS OF LOW-INCOME FARM PEOPLE AND INTER-GROUP RELATIONS. MEMBER SOCIETY OF AMERICAN FORESTERS AND ALPHA KAPPA DELTA, SOCIOLOGICAL FRATERNITY. REFERENCES. WRITE BOX C, MOUNTAIN LIFE and WORK. BEREA COLLEGE STATION. BEREA. KY. Ã¢â‚¬Â¢ WANTED: POSITION IN SOUTHERN MOUNTAINS OR IN SOUTH AS COLLEGE TEACHER IN THE FIELDS OF RELIGION. HISTORY. OR EDUCATION. TEACHING EXPERIENCE IN RELIGION AND HISTORY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA. DIRECTOR OF RELIGIOUS FOUNDATION AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AND PASTOR OF RURAL CHURCH. B.A., M.A. IN HISTORY. WILL COMPLETE B.D.,SUMMER 1954. IF POSSIBLE. WIFE DESIRES POSITION AS LIBRARIAN IN SAME COLLEGE. EXPERIENCE: HIGH SCHOOL LIBRARIAN IN GEORGIA; PERIODICALS LIBRARIAN AT UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA; CATALOGER AT UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY. B.S. IN EDUCATION WITH CERTIFICATE IN LIBRARY SCIENCE. WRITE MARY AND JOHN SC UDDER, THE COLLEGE OF THE BIBLE. LEXINGTON. KENTUCKY. Ã¢â‚¬Â¢ TEACHER WITH FARM BACKGROUND, 1952 GRADUATE OF MACALESTER COLLEGE. ST. PAUL. MINN.. IS AVAILABLE FOR SUMMER AND NEXT YEAR. COLLEGE MAJOR IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. MINORS IN MUSIC. EDUCATION, AND PSYCHOLOGY. SOCIAL STUDIES CERTIFICATE IN MINNESOTA. YEAR'S EXPERIENCE WITH YOUTH PROGRAM OF YWCA. ANOTHER YEAR S STUDY OF MUSIC AND PART TIME WORKER IN A SETTLEMENT HOUSE. SIX MONTHS OVERSEAS WITH FRIENDS SERVICE COMMITTEE. DESIRES WORK IN THE SOUTHERN MOUNTAINS. WRITE: SHARON PRATT.. NEIGHBORHOOD HOUSE, 42$ SOUTH FIRST ST.. LOUISVILLE. KENTUCKY. TWO WORKERS WITH SEVERAL YEARS' EXPERIENCE ON HOME MISSION FIELD. HAVE DEVELOPED A PARISH SO THAT A RESIDENT CLERGYMAN MAY BE CALLED. WILL BE AVAILABLE FOR NEW WORN SOMETIME DURING THE YEAR. WRITE THE RT. REV. R. F. GIB SON, JR., SUFFRAGAN BISHOP, 110 WEST FRANKLIN ST.. RICHMOND 20, VIRGINIA. 1 47 Staff ((((((((((((The Council of Southern Mountain Workers gives assistance in discovering, for institutions and programs, trained workers who have a genuine desire to serve where they are most needed. The Council also endeavors to provide the names and brief data about people who are seeking such opportunities. Such an exchange of information about program needs and available personnel will be publicized in this magazine whenever possible, flee of charge. While the Council endeavors to use discretion in this publicity, it cannot imply more than the bare facts herein stated. Investigation of individual qualifications and evaluation of recommendations must be considered the responsibility of those who find this service of help in their search. Some of these positions may have been filled by the time you read this, but at press time the following places were open or people were available: STAFF MEMBERS NEEDED NEEDED: 1) DEAN OF WOMEN WITH EXPERIENCE IN WORKING WITH HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS; 2) CERTIFIED LIBRARIAN;3) UNGRADED TEACHER WITH EXPERIENCE IN TEACHING RETARDED STUDENTS ON THE PRIMARY LEVEL. WRITE Roy N. WALTERS. DEAN. FOUNDATION SCHOOL. BEREA COLLEGE STATION. BEREA. KY. NEEDED: QUALIFIED LIBRARIAN-TEACHER, PREFERABLY A WOMAN WHO CAN LIVE IN GIRLS DORMITORY AND ASSIST DEAN OF GIRLS. ALSO. INDUSTRIAL ARTS INSTRUC'T'OR WHO CAN ALSO SERVE AS SUPERVISOR OF STUDENT WORK PROGRAM. WRITE T. HENRY . JABLONSKI, WASHINGTON COLLEGE ACADEMY, WASHINGTON COLLEGE, TENNESSEE. PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL NEEDS: I) NURSE FOR YEAR-ROUND SERVICE; Z) NURSE FOR SUMMER 70 GIVE REGULAR STAFF MEMBERS OPPORTUNITY FOR A VACATION; 3) DOCTOR FOR FROM TWO TO FOUR WEEKS 70 ENABLE STAFF DOCTOR TO HAVE A VACATION. WRITE BURTON ROGERS, PINE MOUNTAIN. HARLAN COUNTY. KENTUCKY. RESIDENT NURSE NEEDED AT HIND MAN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL. WRITE MISS ELIZABETH WATTS. HIND MAN, KENTUCKY. ERIE SCHOOL NEEDS: PRINCIPAL FOR HIGH AND GRADE SCHOOL. MAN, IF POSSIBLE. WITH AN M.A.. SOME EXPERIENCE IN APPALACHIAN AREA. PREFER SINGLE MAN BUT WOULD TAKE MARRIED MAN. EXPERIENCE ESSENTIAL. COACH, SCIENCE TEACHER. COUNSELOR FOR BOYS. MAN WiTH A.B. AND SECONDARY CERTIFICATE. SINGLE OR MARRIED WITHOUT CHILDREN: MUST LIVE WITH BOYS IN DORMITORY. HOUSEMOTHER FOR GIRLS. WOMAN OF MATURE YEARS WITH CAPABILITIES IN HOUSEKEEPING AND COUNSELING. SHOULD HAVE WORKED WITH YOUTH IN APPALACHIAN AREA. EXPERIENCE PREFERRED. MUSIC TEACHER. WOMAN WITH SOME EXPERIENCE OR TRAINING IN PUBIIIC SCHOOL MUSIC. WILL HAVE CHARGE OF ALL MUSICAL EVENTS OF THE SCHOOL. ENGLISH TEACHER FOR NIGH SCHOOL. MAN. SINGLE. WITH A.B. AND SECONDARY CERTIFICATE. WILL TAKE WOMAN IF MAN NOT AVAILABLE. WRITE EUGENE K. MEYERS. SUPT.. ERIE SCHOOL. OLIVE HILL. KENTUCKY. CRAFT WORKER FOR EVANGELICAL UNITED BRETHREN COMMUNITY CENTER AT BARNETT CREEK. COLUMBIA. KY. WRITE DR. U. P. HOVER MALE, 1426 U. B. BLDG.. DAYTON Z, OHIO. NEEDED: I) UNMARRIED GIRL AS FULL-TIME BOOKKEEPER. EXPERIENCE DESIRABLE BUT NOT REQUIRED. 2) HOME ECONOMICS TEACHER WHO IS ELIGIBLE FOR CERTIFICATION. ANNVILLE INSTITUTE, ANNVILLE. KENTUCKY. WEAVING TEACHER NEEDED FOR THE STEWART HOME SCHOOL OUTSIDE FRANKFOR KENTUCKY. WRITE JOHN D. STEWART.~FRANKFORT, KENTUCKY Continued on opposite page. v If you would like to subscribe to this magazine, fill in your name and address on the form below, and send with $1.00 to the Council of Southern Mountain Workers, Box 2000, College Station, Berea, Kentucky. NAME - a ADDRESS Active individual membership $ 3.00 to 4.00 Supporting membership 5.09 to 24.00 Sustaining membership 25.00 or more Institutional membership 5.00 or more _ --Subscription to h1.L.and W. included in all memberships I do not wish to join or subscribe at the moment, but I do wish to be kept informed about the program of the Council --- Additional questions and comments (Please detach and mail to Box 2000, Berea College, Berea, Ky.) ------------ - THE COUNCIL OF SOUTHERN MOUNTAIN WORMS works to share the best traditions and human resources of the Appalachian Region with the rest of the nation. It also seeks to help..solve some of the peculiar educational, social, spiritual and cultural needs of this mountain territory. It works through and with schools, churches, medical centers and other institutions, and by f means of sincere and able individuals both within and outside the area. --Participation is invited on the above bases- For Members! 3rIÃ¢â‚¬Â¢ issÃ¢â‚¬Å¾e 6Prs6l According to our 19,53 Qt, `Ã‚Â° records, your membership 1 P-h 1,953 see .o~~ and/or subscription `a appears to have expired SUbscr _ rS ,~ as indicated. We are 1Ã¢â‚¬Â¢oflo~~~~.~ continuing to send you 3rd exA 9fp s~P current issues in the jssUe gth Iced belief that you do not 1953 ISSU ~ wish us to drop you from l9s P .k_ N N our membership. We would jssls~` ~~`~ ~U,N~ ~ appreciate your reaffiliat r9 GP Ã‚Â° ~ ion upon whatever basis you wish. j~S ss 2 j.Q s ~P ~'a F IF THIS CORNER IS NOT TURNED UP, YOUR AFFILIATION IS UP TO DATE!