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No. 68 "Straws Which Tell: Excerpts from Letters Received by Senator Millard E. Tydings (Democrat) of Maryland Following His Speech in the Senate on `Recovery for the United States'," October 14, 1935.
No. 68 "Straws Which Tell: Excerpts from Letters Received by Senator Millard E. Tydings (Democrat) of Maryland Following His Speech in the Senate on `Recovery for the United States'," October 14, 1935. American Liberty League. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Digital Library Services, University of Kentucky Libraries Lexington, Kentucky Am_Lib_Leag_68 These pages may freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. No. 68 "Straws Which Tell: Excerpts from Letters Received by Senator Millard E. Tydings (Democrat) of Maryland Following His Speech in the Senate on `Recovery for the United States'," October 14, 1935. American Liberty League. American Liberty League. Washington, D.C. 1935. This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Pamphlets Available â˜… Copies of the following pamphlets and other League literature may be obtained upon application to the League's national headquarters: Statement of Principles and Purposes American Liberty League Its Platform An Analysis of the President's Budget Message Economic Security Inflation The Thirty Hour Week The Pending Banking Bill The Holding Company Bill Price Control The Labor Relations Bill The Bituminous Coal Bill Extension of the NRA The Farmers' Home Bill The TVA Amendments The New Deal, Its Unsound Theories and Irreconcilable Policies Speech by Ralph M. Shaw How to Meet the Issue Speech by William E. Borah The Supreme Court and the New Deal An Open Letter to the President By Dr. Neil Carothers The Revised AAA Amendments The President's Tax Program The American Bar The Trustee of American Institutions Speech by Albert C. Ritchie Two Amazing Years Speech by Nicholas Roosevelt Fabian Socialism in the New Deal Speech by Demarest Lloyd The People's Money Speech by Dr. Walter E. Spahr The Principles of Constitutional Democracy and the New Deal Speech by R. E. Desvemine Which Road to Take? Speech by J. Howard Pew The Blessings of Stability Speech by James W. Wadsworth Recovery by Statute Speech by Dr. Neil Carothers Expanding Bureaucracy The Impediment of Democracy Speech by Fitzgerald Hall Lawmaking by Executive Order The Test of Citizenship Speech by Dean Carl W. Ackerman Today's Lessons for Tomorrow Speech by Captain William H. Stayton New Deal Laws in Federal Courts Potato Control "Breathing Spells" Speech by Jouett Shouse The National Labor Relations Act Summary of Conclusions from report of the National Lawyers Committee Consumers and the AAA â˜… AMERICAN LIBERTY LEAGUE NATIONAL PRESS BUILDING WASHINGTON, D. C. STRAWS WHICH TELL â˜… â˜… â˜… Excerpts from Letters Received by Senator Millard E. Tydings (Democrat) of Maryland Following His Speech in the Senate on "Recovery for the United States" AMERICAN LIBERTY LEAGUE J^ational Headquarters NATIONAL PRESS BUILDING WASHINGTON, D. C. Document No. 68 October, 1935 STRAWS WHICH TELL you have finished with this pamphlet please pass it on to some friend or acquaintance who might he interested, calling his attention to the membership hlan\ on page 31. Senator Millard E. Tydings (Democrat), of Maryland, addressed the Senate of the United States on April 2,1935, on the subject "Recovery for the United States." So impressed were newspaper editors with the significance of this speech that its text, or a summary thereof, appeared in hundreds of publications from coast to coast. The response was immediate. Thousands of letters and telegrams came to Senator Tydings, and it is significant of the trend of public opinion that of all the thousands only two offer adverse criticism. It is not possible in this pamphlet, to find room for more than a smaU fraction of the letters received by the Senator and then only a few sentences from each letter. The compiler has kept two points in view: (1) The opinions of the writers concerning recent legislation by the Congress, and (2) A word picture of conditions in the States. Following are several excerpts from the speech by Senator Tydings which brought forth the avalanche of commendation for his stand and condemnation of the ill-advised legislation which he criticised: "What is the Democratic party now doing? I am not seeking to hurt the Democrats; but I believe the time has come to raise our voices in warning, for before another year shall have gone by there may not be the large Democratic majority here and in other places which we have enjoyed. We cannot go on running the Government on hot air, on money pulled down from the heavens which the taxpayers will have to pay back. We cannot continue on the philosophy of scarcity, of producing less and less and expecting to employ more and more people. We can no longer do that with any degree of success, because the less work there is, the less we produce, the less employment there is. Up to this time the whole philosophy of the administration, in my judgment, has been to produce less and to increase rather than to decrease the army of the unemployed." "Every policy of the NRA is a policy to increase the cost of manufactured commodities. Every policy of the AAA is a policy to increase the cost of agricultural commodities, which makes us the less able to go out beyond our own country, or, indeed, even in it, and sell'the things which we must sell in order not to increase further the army of the unemployed." "Senators, the time has come to turn back from this supernational policy and attempt to revive world trade, to reestablish international currencies, and to promote and increase the commerce of the world rather than to decrease it." "What good, forsooth, does it do any man if he gets a dollar a day more, if everything he has to buy costs him a dollar a day more? What we ought to do is to bring into balance the price of commodities and the price of labor." "Here we are providing for the expenditure of $5,000,000,000, an amount equal to 20 per cent of our total national debt, without any strings tied to it worthy of the name. Do Senators think it will be expended efficiently, even if those at the top want it so expended? There will not be a member of Congress in either House who will not feel impelled in the competition which will be engendered, to see that his State is fairly treated in the distribution of the funds, regardless of the unemployment or distress which may exist in his State." "Mr. President, I am an organization man, I have voted for all of the unpopular measures of the administration and for practically none of its popular ones. I stood here only a year ago and made a speech which was hard to make, asking the American Senate to cut down the costs of the Veterans' Administration, because we were told, and I believed it to be true, that economy was the basis upon which we would have to reconstruct the fortunes of the Government. Nothing has happened between that date and this which has made me proud of the speech I made 4 on that occasion. A billion dollars is treated just the same as if it were a hundred thousand, and as if we could spend and borrow our way out of the depression." Excerpts from a Few Letters From a farmer in Columbus, Ind.: "The account of your speech before the Senate is heartening. The whole country had about despaired of any relief. I am a farmer and have been penalized nearly $75 a full 25% of the gross sale of my tobacco because I declined to sign Mr. Wallace's crop reduction 'coercion' papers. I simply refuse to be Russianized." A telegram from Chicago signed by 22 persons: "Applaud your courage and patriotism. NRA and AAA should be scrapped as first approach to sanity and common sense." From an Atlanta, Ga., coal dealer: "I made a trip the other day of about one hundred miles in my car and I should have seen at least 150 mules stepping lively across the fields laying off cotton rows, but I did not see over six or eight on that trip. I saw millions of acres of land that have not been touched this year which ought to have been turned and ready for planting. To me it is a most serious situation. I know what these conditions mean when you investigate the production side of the situation. It is simply awful to contemplate the future. I have lost money until it is alarming trying to do business under this NRA." A feed dealer in Hendersonville, N. C, writes: "I have just read in the paper what you have said about the NRA and AAA. I want to say to you that I am proud of your good sense and judgment, and am glad we have one level headed Senator in Washington. For God's sake talk to some of the other Senators and save our country." An Augusta, Ga., cotton manufacturer: "Permit me to commend your courageous and able attack. ... I believe you have the good wishes of the vast majority of the kind of citizens whose initiative and hard work made this nation great and would long ago have restored prosperity but for the restrictions and regimentation of NRA and AAA." 5 A telegram from Los Angeles, Calif.: "Congratulations on your speech. The sender used to be a small business man, employing thirty people in a manufacturing business, also forty people on a farm. This . . . has caused me to cease farming entirely and close my manufacturing plant. You are at liberty to use my name. J. Concoff, formerly Quality Potato Chip Co." A letter from Providence, R. I.: "Have been reading the text of your address in the Senate in re to NRA and AAA. Leadership of this kind is most encouraging to small business people who are making desperate efforts to continue in business. We in New England have been the first to feel the crushing effect of the cotton processing tax, which has just about wrecked all kinds of business. The cumulative evils of such taxes must ultimately rest with those who produce the cotton from the soil." From a woman living in Pittsburgh, Pa.: "Congratulations on your courage and good common sense when you spoke your piece in the Senate yesterday. If we had more men like yourself, the country would not be in the mess it is today. More power to you!" From the head of an advertising company in Xenia, O.: "It was a joy to read your speech of yesterday in the Senate. When you called the NRA and the AAA 'Monstrosities' you gave exactly the right name. Congratulations to you for having the courage to tell what the country has been hoping to hear for many long months. Your speech will be heartening to the entire nation." On a letter head of the Princeton University Press: "Your comments in the Senate yesterday are indicative of a feeling which is shared by a great many that the depression is not likely to be cured by any panaceas but by the revival of world trade." A telegram from Newport, Ky.: "Congratulations upon your speaking so plainly upon the present course of government. Your views represent the thoughts of a great majority of sober-minded Americans who have waited with growing impatience to hear them expressed in the Senate." On the letterhead of a Cincinnati, O., dry cleaning company: "I, too, can visualize if the budget is not balanced soon, and the sugar pills are not discontinued, that this, the greatest, wealthiest, finest country in the world, will soon sink to such a depth that nothing short of a miracle will save it. Let's quit catering to anyone laborism, capitalism, or any other ism and think of our country as an enlarged home. And God knows no home can spend more than it receives, only for a limited time, without courting disaster." Cotton market practically lost says this Vicks-burg, Miss., writer: "Permit me to congratulate you, sir, upon your speech delivered yesterday in the Senate. There is not a thinking man in this community who is not of the opinion that the policies of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration are fallacious, and yet the south sits supinely by watching its world market for cotton go to foreign countries." A New Yorker writes from Rockefeller Plaza: "I have just returned from a trip to California, and if you could have listened to the talk that I have listened to, you would realize that the thinking people of the United States are becoming dreadfully alarmed over the rash and unconsidered legislation being proposed." Telegram from a Middletown, Pa., brick company: "We, being a small manufacturer, heartily endorse your stand on NRA. Keep up the good work. The masses are with you 95 per cent. Do not weaken." On a letterhead of the Statistical Press, Inc.: "Your speech in the Senate yesterday against NRA and AAA is the most sensible utterance we have read in a long, long time. Coming as it does from a Democrat it carries even more weight. We only wish the Senators from New York would get your idea." Letter from a Beaver, Pa., attorney: "In my opinion you have expressed the opinions and sentiments of the mass of intellectual people throughout this country. I am satisfied that the policies pursued . . . have caused more heartaches and anguish throughout the past two years than the depression itself. You correctly say that the whole philosophy . . . has been to increase and not to decrease unemployment. That has been the result in this section and every other section with which I am familiar." A true picture, says this writer: "I am taking the liberty of addressing you, to say that we need more of your kind in the Congress of the United States today. I am an owner of considerable real estate in Fairhaven and New Bedford and a food merchant with four stores in New Bedford. I am a director of the Fairhaven banks, a director and past president of the New Bedford Retail Grocers Association, and know that you are expressing the true picture." Glendale, O., man tells why cotton exports are less: "I read with a great deal of pleasure your attack upon the NRA and AAA in the paper this morning. I have been a resident for the last two years in the cotton spinning district of England. Many of my friends there told me that they had a preference for American cotton, but they were forced to buy elsewhere on account of the restrictions here." From a Cincinnati, O., civil engineer. "Although not one of your constituents, I wish to express my admiration for your courage in standing up for American principles, and the promises of the Democratic platform of 1932, against . . . Socialism." Kansas City, Mo., man voices a change in public opinion: "It should be apparent to anyone that we can't recover from the depression by destroying and restricting production, nor by excessive spending. It is my belief that within the past few months the people at large have begun to realize this, and that there has been a decided change in public opinion." From a member of the Kansas House of Representatives : "I only hope, Senator, that others may speak out as you have. They know the truth of your statements, but only a few have the courage of their convictions. As one American citizen I wish to thank you for your courage and frank- ness and I trust the things you said may have a good effect." From far-off Billings, Mont.: "I have just finished reading your speech and I consider it the sanest statement that I have yet read." Baltimore, Md., physician sounds a note of warning: "A group of my friends and I have decided to keep a list of all office holders of any importance, both State and Federal, and record against each man's name his attitude toward Government extravagance, its interference and competition with legitimate business enterprise, and the usurpation of the rights and authority of State governments by the Federal Government. Our votes and those of as many of our friends as we can persuade to go along with us will be cast for those who subscribe in general to the very ideas which you have recently expressed so forcibly. They will likewise be cast against those who either obstruct a return to sane government or who attempt to straddle these vital questions, and when I say we will vote against such men and use every possible influence to defeat them, I mean that we have agreed to do all in our power to end their political lives, regardless of any office for which they might be a candidate in the future." A veteran editor writes from Los Angeles: "We have had of late a lot of twaddle about the 'old order passing' and 'new conception of the functions of government dawning,' etc., all of which is preliminary to the rearing of a sort of hybrid governmental structure a kind of social-istic-superpaternalistic edifice to be run by a bureaucracy, with autocratic authority. Let us hold fast to fundamental truths. A life-long Democrat, in fact, one of the veteran Democratic editors of California, my blue eyes are becoming red. Hit 'em again!" A lawyer of Washington, Pa.: "The immense debt which we are piling up, the lack of encouragement to business that has built up the country in times past; the constant and continuous experiments that have already been tried and the uncertainty of what we may yet try, is leading us, as you say, into an unknown field where it is difficult to see the outcome." From a Renton, Wash., physician: "I have just read a synopsis of your speech before the Senate of April 2nd, and I hasten to congratulate you. I might be termed a man without a party, except the party of justice, and that party has no political name. I do not dabble in politics and seldom write a Representative as I feel they are capable of doing their own thinking, and if not, words are wasted upon them, and if they are they do not care to be bothered. But when a man comes boldly to the front and pleads for 'sanity' as you have to stop this damn foolish reckless spending that leads not to recovery, but to destruction, I cannot refrain from giving him commendation and truly regard him as a political Moses for whom we are looking in this, our time of dire distress." An El Paso, Texas, Republican writes: "You are a Democrat, I am a Republican. In spite of this I find myself agreeing fully with you on the matter ... in fact, to what you set forth in your recent speech I say: 'Dem am my sentiments!'" Another telegram from Los Angeles, Calif.: "Just read part of your address as published in Hearst paper. Please accept thanks for a display of American spirit in telling the truth to the public." From Covington, Ky.: "May I urge you to do all you can to dispense with all these boards, bureaus, committees and authorities, and urge the people to return to the ways of old-fashioned industry, thrift and individual aggressiveness." A voice from Wiscasset, Me.: "Many thousands of thanks to you from all right thinking men and women of New England. I confidently believe I may add you have the support of every other of the forty-eight States, for the stand you have taken and are taking regardless of party." On the letterhead of an Angola, Ind., iron company. "The speech delivered by you on the floor of the United States Senate on April 2nd should have the approval and support of every red-blooded citizen in this Nation. We have lived to see . . . the wildest fanatical spending orgy 10 ever recorded in this or any other land. ... I am one of the thousands of small business men that have been forced to close their place under the 'blue buzzard,' NRA." An octogenarian Chicago manufacturer: "I am very close to eighty years of age and I have lived through every depression since 1877, and I feel that the business interests of our country, including the farmers, if let alone, will gradually work back to prosperous times. . . . I am a Republican, and have been all my life, but the only hope now for our country lies in the hands of good Democrats like yourself, and I sincerely trust that there may be a goodly number of your friends in the Senate who will now join you and bring forth fair and just legislation." Iowa worried about the future, says this writer from Charles City, la.: "Considering the mess we are in; the wild experiments set forth for trial and the lack of constructive thinking and action by those in authority, most of us out this way think we are headed for just the things and places you state we are, unless something is done to head off the insane orgy of spending . . . actions by those in authority remind us of a bunch of school boys, who have swiped Ma's sugar bowl family savings off on a Saturday afternoon spending rampage." Kansas City, Mo., man paints a dark picture: "A state of mental paralysis obtains in every line of business throughout this part of the country. Happening to own a farm in Platte County, Missouri, where the Republican party is unknown, I can tell you that the largest hog raiser in the country is now sitting around twiddling his thumbs, and he tells me that with corn at $1 a bushel and hogs 8 cents, he is perfectly satisfied to accept the government dole. Your attitude encourages me and I have renewed faith in the United States Senate. ... A prominent member of the lumber industry is sitting at my desk and suggests that I include his group as a prospective recipient of a dole." Boston book-binder speaks his mind: "Your speech was the talk of the town. Only a man with your ideas can save our dear country. The NRA put more men out of business and 11 more workmen out of jobs than any depression we ever had." From Garden City, L. I., New York: "As a great nephew of Chief Justice John Marshall, born in Virginia 62 years ago, voting the straight Democratic ticket for over 40 years, ... I wish to thank you from the bottom of my heart for your efforts to break the vicious ring of Communists who surround the President." Evanston, III., man warns Democratic leaders: "I wish to congratulate you on your speech in the Senate yesterday. It is a great pity that men of your soundness and sincerity are in such minority in the Democratic party. . . . Whether the leaders of Democracy know it or not, they are sowing the seeds of Fascism as well as sounding the death knell of the Democratic party." Praise from Philadelphia: "I am a Republican, but I bless you and congratulate you for your fearless address on the floor of the Senate. You started something Tuesday. You have the country back of you, an indignant country. ... I am informed that one ship load of 6,000 tons of corn came into the Port of Philadelphia a short time ago from South America. Imagine us importing corn!" A Burlington, la., physician: "We can't help you out with votes, but we extend our best greetings and are grateful to you for representing us in these times of hysteria." A telegram from Denver, Colo.: "Congratulations on your splendidly courageous speech. Inquiry would reveal thousands of thinking Americans ready to back your sentiments. The general impression, despite newspaper ballyhoo to the contrary, is unless some different governmental supervision takes place quickly chaos will result." A telegram from Johnstown, Pa.: "You have voiced our sentiments. God help you to continue." From a New Haven, Conn., lawyer: "Of all the idiocy displayed by a people who are supposed to be intelligent I have never seen anything to compare with what Congress and the administration have been doing the last two years." 12 From a manufacturing stationer in New York City: "When we think that we are getting our cotton seed from Japan, our rye from Russia and our wheat from Canada, it doesn't take much brains to figure out what difference it makes how high our farm prices may be if we do not sell our product." A Mercer, Pa., clergyman writes: "I almost shouted with joy this morning when I read in a Pittsburgh paper the report of your speech in the Senate yesterday." From Jersey City, N. J.: "The writer knows you from A.E.F. days as Captain Tydings of the 29th Division, having served with the 113th Inf. as 1st Lieut. Countless voters are hoping against hope for a leader to crush these menacing fallacies. God be with you to strengthen your stand." Wilmington, Del., insurance man writes: "As a Democrat, I agree with you that the Democratic party must get back to fundamentals if our country is to be lifted from this depression, which has tried the souls of everyone, for the past several years." Norwalk, Conn., man says: "Speeches like yours of April 2 are bound to have an influence on the thoughts of millions who are still 'on the fence' and, of course, a tremendous appeal to other millions in both major parties, who long ago concluded that bureaucratic control and the squandering of billions as yet unearned might provide temporary relief but will never remove the basic cause of our ills." Congratulations from Cincinnati, O.: "I wish to congratulate you and to commend you on your honesty and frankness before the Senate body yesterday. It took extreme courage to quote your party's platform and to show where the administration has failed to fulfill it's obligation to the proletariat. I have been reared a Republican, but am liberal minded and I assure you that were you running for office in the State of Ohio, it would be a pleasure to give you my vote." 13 From Turks Head Building in Providence, R. I.: "My friends and I think that when a man arises in the most important legislative body in the world and courageously expresses himself as you did . . . appreciation of his attitude should be expressed by sincere citizens." From a Martinsburg, W\ Va., grocer: "Have read your comments on the NRA and AAA. You say, 'Is it not about time to repeal these monstrosities, to wipe them out?' Instead, if you had used the words 'damnable activities,' it would have been more appropriate. For as I see the situation, the longer it lasts the worse it will be." Proprietor of a GreenviUe, 111., department store: "Government relief and unemployment will continue forever if we don't give business a reasonable chance to operate." From a manufacturers' representative in San Francisco, Calif.: "However, based on the talk I hear all about me now, boldly and frankly expressed by sane people who have at last awakened to the real danger confronting our country, our various representatives had better take note and stand for sanity in government, as you have done. The storm is gathering momentum on all sides. I am daily amazed at the extent of it even in places one would not expect much serious thought on the subject." A Maryland woman now residing in San Francisco : "Just a word of congratulation to add to the many you have had. As an old Marylander I want to thank God for a Democratic Senator from our State, who has brains enough, backbone enough, and patriotism enough, to be something more than a 'Yes man'." Veteran writes from Cooperstown, N. Y.: "I have been a Democrat since the day of Grover Cleveland and have stood by the party, but I cannot see where the end will be if some of the laws proposed in Washington are passed. I can assure you that there are many Democrats who have been loyal to the party who are not going to stand any longer for the unstable plans 14 that have been promoted to bring prosperity by young theorists out of college without experience." From a Fremont, Neb., banker: "What the thinking people of this country need at the present time is a statement of the plain facts and common sense comment thereon." A telegram from Pittsburgh, Pa.: "If more members of Senate had courage and ability to speak like you did yesterday this would be a wonderful country." From a veteran lawyer of Buffalo, N. Y.: "I am a retired lawyer, having just passed my seventy-eighth birthday. I wish to sincerely congratulate you on your vigorous denunciation of those alphabetical monstrosities. People who appreciate the cost, the value and the responsibilities of American citizenship devoutly wish that there could be more men in official positions who would have the courage to oppose policies that are destructive of our institutions of government, of individual rights, and the economic welfare of the Nation." From 24 State Street, New York City: "I believe there is a widespread feeling that the country is in much more danger through what its Government has done and may do than anything else; also that practically a complete about face on many schemes must take place immediately if we are to be spared serious inflation. I think all efforts by you towards sound principles will find strong and increasing support." From Knollwood Park, White Plains, N. Y.: "The Democratic party was not elected on a platform such as has been followed for the past several years. It seems to me that the responsible heads of the party should endeavor to recapture it from the hands into which it has fallen." A Pittsburgh broker writes about "closet naturalists": "As a good Democrat from Baltimore County, Maryland, myself I am mighty glad to see you take the stand you did yesterday and sincerely hope that it will wake up somebody else and take the play away from these closet naturalists 15 who don't know and never will know how much they have to know in order to know how little they do know, especially about business." From a New Castle, Pa., physician: "I am convinced that every honest citizen will thank you for your stand in the Senate yesterday. I have been a Democrat, but when a party repudiates all its promises and tries to wreck the country I must turn against it with all my might. The caliber of you men who are trying to save us is so far above the administration followers that there is no comparison." Alarming conditions in Johnstown district: "The Johnstown district has been turned into a test tube for an experiment in absolute Communism. The middle classes have had their savings confiscated by government bureaucrats. The perpetual parasites are living in undreamed of luxury at government expense." A Chicago civil engineer says: "There is no basis in your speech for questioning your party loyalty. ... To pretend that these renegades are Democrats is to dishonor every principle of statecraft which that party has advocated and to invite the condemnation of all, regardless of party, who abhor shifty policies, broken promises and other forms of duplicity." From Mt. Vernon, N. Y.: "In the midst of all the present wild, destructive legislation it is refreshing, to say the least, to find we still have left a few men like yourself and Senator Glass who have common sense and are not afraid to use it." From the M. & T. Building, Buffalo, N. Y.: "I am a Democrat of long standing, having voted the Democratic ticket for more than a quarter of a century, but I have been amazed at the action of the Democrats of the present Congress. If we are going to give the President power to spend, as he proposes, untold billions, we might just as well not have a Congress." A woman in Durango, Colo.: "Maryland should be proud of such a Senator that has enough stamina to tell the truth about conditions. Here is hoping that others with backbone will aid you in your fight." 16 From a Chicago manufacturer of athletic clothing: "There is some man in Washington today who will be the big man of the future, and who knows but what it may be yourself, for the man who is big enough to fight this NRA to a finish and at the same time bring forth legislation which is constructive, will be the man of the hour." From a Baltimore manufacturer of hydraulic dredges: "I can well imagine that it takes courage to state plain facts in these times. It is easy enough to follow the crowd, but I think we have been playing this game of 'Follow the leader' a little too long without asking where we are going." Congratulations from Pittsburgh, Pa.: "I am just as staunch a Republican as you are Democrat, and an organization man, but I believe Americanism comes before party, and I want to congratulate you on being one whom I would call, 'An American First.' " From the president of a New Jersey life insurance company: "Your words in the Senate chamber yesterday deserve hearty commendation. It is the first heartening thing out of this fog. Down in my heart I said, 'Thank God! Perhaps our country yet will be saved from utter ruin.' I might add that I have been a lifelong Democrat." Prophecy from Calumet City, HI.: "The passage of the proposed PWA bill of nearly five billion dollars will, like the rest of the attempts at recovery, prove a failure, as it is impossible to increase the buying power of twelve or fourteen million unemployed by only giving 3,500,000 work at a starvation wage of only $12.50 a week and leave ten million still out of work. What do they intend to do with them?" From a Brookline, Mass., physician: "Let me congratulate you for having the courage to say what so many of us think. It is time the facts should be faced. I, who have been a lifelong Republican, feel that there is no longer a Republican or Democratic party. I belong to your party, whatever it may eventually be called." 17 Boise, Idaho, writes of revolt: "From far-off Idaho I am sending you a cry for help as I see you have the courage of your convictions and are doing what you can to stem this crazy experimentation. The revolt has started here in Idaho and it will gain in volume as it grows." From Liberty Street, AUentown, Pa.: "The present administration has done everything but experiment with the changing of the sun and the moon. The average citizen is greatly alarmed at the present rate of spending and the impending danger of increased taxes." Warning from an Easton, Kans., physician: "Your recent speech in Senate on shortcomings of 'New Deal' is before me in Kansas City Times and Star. It is exactly what we, here in the heart of America, have come to believe ourselves. They have been murmuring here for a long time, and the murmurings are becoming rumblings." From Scottdale, Pa.: "I have heard more favorable comment on your recent views of the New Deal than anything expressed by a member of Congress in a long while. It is heartening when a man thinks of his country first, rather than his party, and I congratulate you for it." Message from Cincinnati, O.: "I have been in the manufacturing business for 35 years, handling fanners' products all the time. I can't resist congratulating you on your sane views expressed in the Senate yesterday." From a major in the U. S. Army: "Your speech yesterday in the Senate made me very proud to know that you are the Senator from my native state. Keep up the good work. It is needed." A reminder from Buffalo, N. Y.: "You have shown that you, for one, have not forgotten that 'public office is a public trust,' which quotation is cut in stone on the front of the Buffalo city hall, on the bronze statue of Grover Cleveland." Telegram from the vice-president of a great railroad system: "I feel that the entire country is under great obligations to you for the courageous stand taken 18 and powerful speech delivered in the Senate yesterday." A telegram from Portland, Me.: "Bully for you! Courageous talk like yours does more than anything else to show up the darn fool depression-prolonging acts of the executive. More power to you." From a Des Moines, la., cartoonist: "Allow me to congratulate you on the speech you made in the Senate April 2nd. Glad to know we have one Senator who has the 'guts' to put the boots to this crazy alphabetical monstrosity. ... I am just an average Democratic citizen, watching from the side lines, glad to cheer such men as you." A woman writes from Pawtucket, R. I.: "Judging by the murmurs in the street, the administration has made a mess of it. 'What next?' the people say. Higher prices! Taxes, taxes, taxes! And to think that the Government intends to construct Federal utilities in competition with private ownership, with the use of our taxes. What will become of our jobs? There would be no need of vast sums for work relief if business would be allowed to function unafraid." From a Cincinnati manufacturer of hardwoods: "We have already gone too far with schemes and theories that don't work, and the expense of these has caused a lack of confidence in the Federal Government. You cannot expect to decrease unemployment until capital or industry has faith in their own Government. As long as the Government continues with all their expensive artificial schemes there can be no confidence by business interests." From a Fall River, Mass., cotton goods broker: "The writer has read with pleasure your position on the Processing Tax and other innovations which you properly class as monstrosities. I sincerely hope that the time has come when we will do away with unsound schemes but endeavor to retain what the experience of the last two years has proved to be good. The administration is most desirous of business revival and ought to be convinced by this time that the advice of men like yourself and Senators Glass and Byrd is based on sound judgment and past experience; 19 that the guidance of professors unheard of until two years ago is sure to bring disaster." From a Butler, Pa., taxidermist: "This is just a note of praise for your courage. . . . Man never made a better platform than the one our President solemnly promised to fulfill." From a banker in Plainfield, 111.: "We want to tell you how much we appreciate the stand you have taken regarding to NRA and the AAA, and believe the speech you made in the Senate on April 2, should resound through the country and awaken all Democrats to the possibility that is theirs today." Telegram from Cincinnati, O.: "Congratulations on your frank expressions about national policies. Becoming plainly evident day by day to increasing number that reckless spending, regimentation, punitive and vindictive legislation are un-American and unnecessary, tending to destroy initiative and jeopardize our future. Need for more statesmen like you apparent." From a Blue field, W. Va., editor: "No doubt you are interested to know of the reaction by the people at large, and I, for one, should like very much to say that your thoughts are directly in accordance with those of practically every thinking man of these United States." A Chicago certified public accountant writes: "You are certainly to be praised for your honesty, intelligence and daring in upholding the policies of real democracy, the aim of which is to increase the standard of living of the American people as a whole. May we hear much more, and often, from you." This is from Lynchburg, Ohio: "I have been a Democrat all my life and have been in hearty accord with our President generally, but I fear we are getting in deeper water daily. There must be a stop surely." From a Mt. Vernon, N. Y., lawyer: "The billions of dollars spent by the Government is only a drop in the bucket as compared to the billions which would be spent for employment by private enterprise, if it was allowed to 20 function as intended by the framers of our Constitution. We have suffered for thirty months from the lack of a settled business policy and from the confusion caused in all lines of endeavor by the alphabetical monstrosities sponsored by our President, and I regret his unwillingness to acknowledge the failure of his experimental government operations." From a Boston lithograph manufacturer: "As a resident of Massachusetts, and more especially as a patriotic American citizen, I want to congratulate you on your speech recently as it seemed to me that it is the first piece of sound, hard-headed common sense that has been uttered in Congress for a long time. You have given utterance to the thought that has been in my mind for a long time, namely, that every move this country has made in the shortening of hours and increasing pay and the various alphabetical organizations which this administration has given birth to, have all been such that foreign countries must have quietly cheered amongst themselves, because it has made it thoroughly impossible for this country to meet any world competition or export." From a Columbus, 0.. dentist: "It is gratifying to know we have a Senator who is not afraid to voice his own sentiment in the United States Senate. We need more men of your caliber to get us out of this terrible state of affairs." A woman writes from Independence, Mo.: "It makes my heart glad to know we still have left in this country a few men like yourself who dare to speak the truth no matter where it falls or who it hits." Congratulations from Wilkinsburg, Pa.: "You are to be congratulated. . . . What this country needs, more than ever before, is more REAL AMERICANS and a lot less small-time politicians." From a Des Moines, la., investment broker: "May I take this opportunity of stating that I believe you have voiced the feelings of the 75% to 78% of the people who are working in your talk in the Senate last Tuesday. It is high time indeed that your viewpoint is acted upon and that we get more people who are in public 21 office to express their honest views. Most assuredly there will come a time when the rantings of the politicians interested in getting votes by promising a readjustment of wealth will have to stop. The last two years are beginning to show the unsoundness of such a policy." From members of a Los Angeles bond company: "We wish to express our hearty approval of the stand you have taken . . . and we sincerely hope your efforts will bring results. We have been loyal Democrats for forty years." A Cedar Rapids, la., druggist writes: "Campaign promises and the party platform are forgotten and the public debt is terrible." From a San Francisco lawyer: "The present trend of affairs cries out for just such public statements, which help to clear this miasmatic atmosphere of hypocrisy that, regrettably, has settled down upon us. I agree with you that you do the Administration no service by agreeing with its measures, if one honestly believes such measures to be dangerous to the public welfare. No administration can have worse enemies than those 'yes men,' who will agree with any idea put out by it for the reason, and the only reason, that such 'yes men' believe their ready agreement will place them close to the circle of the favored in such administration. This may be good politics, but it is execrable statesmanship." From a Bryan, O., furniture dealer: "I think that every well thinking citizen in the United States is in agreement with you. The principal trouble is, we don't know what to do about it. The fear as to what steps the Federal Government is going to take in the future is, in my opinion, doing more to hamper recovery than any other thing." Approval from Pittsburgh: "I happen to be the head of one of the departments of a large organization in the Pittsburgh district and all of my personnel are exceedingly enthused with your courageous statements. I only hope that all of our Pennsylvania State Representatives will, if they have not already done so, support your policies. I am sending a copy of this letter to each of them, and I feel 22 sure that every man in my section of this organization will do likewise." Nicetown, Pa., heard from: "Congratulations on your very excellent speech in the Senate yesterday. How on earth we can expect to continue spending more and more money and thus pull ourselves out of the depression is more than I can understand. We cannot, as you have said, borrow and spend our way out of it." From a judge of the Illinois Appellate Court: "Of course, I was disappointed in our dear old Maryland free state, when the people beat Governor Ritchie, but it gives us all renewed hope here when we know we have such senators as you and Senators Glass and Byrd." From a resident of Hubbard Woods, HI.: "Congratulations on your courage and foresight as to where our country is heading. Vast numbers of our people are turning to a desire and a demand that the government stop useless spending of vast sums and to a conviction that we must soon balance our budget. The people are fed up on the NRA and the AAA. We want the attack on 'industry' to stop." From Route 2, Mendon, O.: "I am an old line Democrat who has tried hard to convince himself of the practicality of the so-called New Deal, but who is becoming increasingly alarmed over the unmistakable drift of our country into a Socialistic or even worse form of state, and who believes it is time for forthright opposition by the Congress and Senate, before it is too late, and who wishes to thank you for your recent heartening remarks in the Senate." A brass manufacturer of Detroit, Mich., writes: "The country was well on the way out of the depression in June, 1933, but as soon as the deadening effects of the NRA were felt, about July 15, 1933, business took a nose-dive from which it has never recovered. Without confidence business will never come back, and confidence will never return as long as government is attempting to run business. From a Flint, Mich., dairy company official: "You certainly are taking the right stand regarding the AAA and the NRA. The idea of reducing production, reducing food supply, and expecting people to eat more because they have more money to spend, is perfect nonsense. We find in our own business that we are meeting with consumer resistance. The majority of families cannot afford 45 cent butter, and 35 cent-40 cent meat, and many other food items that might be listed in this same way." The following is by the pastor of a historic church of Boston for the past thirty years: "About the most encouraging thing I have read for many a day is your straightforward attack on the inane dribble that has been exhibited. ... I have not been able to understand how men of your extraordinary intellectual acumen could possibly sit still and see our whole country going straight to the devil. . . . Your attack was not only justified, but, in my judgment, very mild, compared with what the situation demands. I hope you will not let anything deter you from a persistent, unremitting opposition to present-day tendencies in administration and that a group of you will compel the Administration to come down from its high horse, and demand that bureaucracies hand back the Government to the people where it belongs. In my Prelude of next Sunday I shall commend your fervent, courageous, sensible action." Written by the president of a Pittsburgh, Pa., wholesale grocery company: "Your strenuous efforts in behalf of sanity in the spending of public funds meet with our hearty approval. . . . Our idea is to give the President nothing, but to make all appropriations for specific purposes, with the authorization of the Congress." From Glenwood, la.: "From reports I hear, you are another Senator who is using a little horse sense. You are absolutely right in your fight against the 'blue buzzard.' In my district it has cost me and hundreds of others thousands of dollars worth of business. I thought from the start that the bird was a disgrace to American civilization and intelligent thinking. Now I know it. It has not helped real recovery. I have had to employ less people under it." From the Finance Building, Kansas City, Mo.: "Here's my personal thanks to you for your most excellent speech calling on the administra-24 tion to end its paralyzing experiments and return to American common sense. There is a large clientele of earnest citizens out here anxious for recovery and sure of the ability of the nation to recover if business is but let alone for awhile. We have no able militant leaders, and when a man, like yourself, stands forth with energy and sincerity and makes a straight fight for what is right in America, it gives us new courage. I believe I am voicing the thoughts of thousands out here when I tell you we are devoutly thankful to feel your representation of us in the Senate. I am a Republican, but glad to honor an American gentleman." Written by a Long Grove, la., coal and mill feed dealer, who also is a city official: "Have just read your speech of the 2nd. In that speech you have voiced the opinion of all the multitude out here with the sole exception of those who have their fingers in the political pie. As stated by the writer recently to Senator Murphy of Iowa, 'the American multitude has long been noted for its promptness in calling a bluff,' and your speech of yesterday has borne out the writer's statement. We have been wallowing in the depths of a 'financial hell' out here and many of us were about ready to give up, but your speech has given us new hope. This letter is written at the suggestion of many of my customers from farms and citizens of the town." Questions by a Chicago osteopathic physician: "The report in the Chicago Tribune of your speech on the Administration's extravagance seems so sane I wonder why it was not done before. In this terrible depression, why do things bordering on insanity? The indictment of our educational system is shown in the action of the 'brain trusters' and the professors who taught them. Are we to be ever controlled by visionaries?" Lansing, Mich., woman says: "Was glad to read in the Detroit Free Press your denunciation of NRA and AAA." Philadelphian takes heart: "It is heartening to one, who like myself is a partner in a business running steadily in the red, to feel that at last responsible voices within the Democratic party are demanding the Gov-25 eminent to restore conditions under which business men can go ahead." From Tradd St., Charleston, S. C.: "Let me congratulate you on your speech of April 2d. Everyone who has the good of the country at heart must thank you." A native of North Carolina, writing from Dur-ango, Colo.: "Houston, Tex., is up in arms about the very small amount of cotton that has been exported from there after the city has spent so much to deepen the harbor. Continue to battle for liberty as you are doing." On letterhead of Darby Apartment Hotel, Los Angeles, Cal.: "The mountain of debt that the Government is building up is appalling, and I think there is beginning to be a feeling among people that we are headed in the wrong direction." From the head of a Cincinnati castings company: "Were there more in the Senate with your backbone the entire country would be in better shape than it now is. We have too many YES MEN. Attached you will find carbon of telegram sent Senator Logan this morning. I hope that he and the other Senator from my state will see the light before it is too late." From Brookings, S. Dak.: "I wish to congratulate you on the stand you take in regard to the duty of Democrats, Senate and Representative. We have the majority to enact some constructive legislation and if it is not done by this Congress we might as well quit expecting our party to do anything." From an official of the William Jennings Bryan Memorial Association: "I would like to distribute in and about Boston, Mass., as many copies of your fine talk in the Senate as you may be pleased to send me. The more the better." From the treasurer of a Pawtucket, R I., bakery: "The Journal of Commerce reports you as being prepared to introduce a bill in Congress look-26 ing toward the annual balancing of the budget in an automatic way. We feel sure that everyone having the real interest of the country at heart will commend you in your effort toward attempting to put this government back on a business basis." From a resident of Washington, D. C.: "As a Democrat I am interested in the success of the party, but, as an American, I am more interested in the success of my country. It is, therefore, with hope that I read of your warnings to our leaders. This huge spending spree seems beyond all necessity and reason and ought to be curtailed. Money tinkering, too, is very dangerous." A veteran shipbuilder writes from Los Angeles: "For nearly 50 years I have been a shipbuilder and manufacturer, employing thousands of men, satisfied to let politicians and bankers run our country. Since 1929, I have had plenty of time to discover where we business men have been neglectful of our own interests. Our only hope now lies in honest politicians." A Baltimore physician writes: "It gives me a sense of security and a great satisfaction to follow your courageous stand in the interest of a balanced budget. Nearly everyone whom I come in contact with commends you most heartily for this." A voice from Lamos, Mo.: "The Republicans say the 4 billion is to be used to re-elect the President. A very grave charge. Is America this low down in spirit?" From Frostburg, Md.: "I read a few scanty excerpts from your speech. I am in agreement with what I read and I believe a much larger percentage of people agree with you than is generally realized. We are opposed to Socialism, in whatever form it shows its insinuating head, even though it carries the label of the Democratic party, a party which I have been supporting for forty years. I would appreciate a copy of your speech." Baltimore business man writes: "Unquestionably there is a fast growing feeling that the depression would have been long since over and forgotten but for the phantas-27 magoria of the National Administration. Your own speech in the Senate recently correctly expressed what, I am sure, is the sincere conviction of a very large proportion of the thinking people of our country. We can't go on as we have been doing, and survive." From a Baltimore lawyer: "I do not wish to condemn everything that the present administration has done, but it is associated with so many political and economic fallacies that the total result is quite distressing. The efforts to make all persons good, kind, just or honest through legislative and administrative methods involves, I think, the same error that was present in that other noble experiment, National Prohibition. If the country is to find its way back to sounder thinking in the near future, I believe the movement should be led by members of the Democratic party. I am glad to see you and the two Virginia Senators taking the lead." AAA a monstrosity, writes a San Francisco salesman: "Any governmental activity, in order to be designated as statesmanlike, necessarily must be of permanent benefit to all the people. Far from eligibility to such designation, the highly involved and wholly absurd AAA program of benefit payments not only is unjust and indefensible in its application to those who pay its cost, in so-called processing taxes, but it is working injury impossible to calculate on even those whom it is supposed to benefit. At present market prices for wheat flour, the so-called processing tax, which is a manufacturers' sales tax under another name, amounts to 15% or more, of the total sale price. The taxes on rice, sugar, pork products, and cotton likewise are prohibitive. There are no people anywhere on earth who can pay 15% and upwards sales taxes on articles of daily consumption. The entire AAA program is an economic monstrosity, and the sooner we get rid of it and its sponsors, the sooner we will have a chance to use sanity in governmental and economic measures." From the president of a large advertising agency: "I have just read an article commenting on your recent speech. . . . 'Say promises of Democratic Party Platform Have Been Violated' . . . and I desire to take this opportunity of sincerely commending you for your frank and truthful statements relative to same. The writer is an old-time Democrat of over 40 years experience, and I surely agree with every sentiment you expressed regarding the actions of our Democratic party and you may be assured that there are many, many thousands of real Democrats who have formed the same opinion." Traveling salesman writes from Cynthiana, Ky.: "I travel over 6 states in the Middle West and find sentiment against both AAA and NRA. The 3/A's has caused a lot of unemployment. When you cut crops 25%, it is common sense that farm labor is reduced the same per cent. I am a Democrat and have always voted the Democratic ticket. Merely wish to express my opinion and observation and personal appreciation of your stand." From an Indianapolis life underwriter: "You are absolutely right. It is high time the present administration should come to its senses, and use just some plain ordinary common sense." Detroiter criticises: "It is high time that some kind of a halt was put on such silliness as you mention. We need to do more about it than just talk and it is strictly up to men such as yourself, who can see and think straight, to do it." More than a breathing spell urged by a New Yorker: "If the present era of general experimentation, money and banking tinkering were to cease I think the country might take a fresh start toward renewed prosperity." From a Johnstown, Pa., lumber dealer: "I just want to congratulate you upon your position. Unless we reach a more sane policy of government management I agree with you that there is no hope for this government of which we have been so proud." AN INVITATION TO JOIN THE AMERICAN LIBERTY LEAGUE We extend to every American citizen who believes in the fundamental principles which gave birth to the Constitution of the United States an invitation to become a member of the American Liberty League. You may indicate your acceptance of this invitation by rilling in the necessary information as to your name and address on the enrollment blank below and mailing it to American Liberty League, National Press Building, Washington, D. C. There are no fees or dues. If you are willing and able to give monetary help for the League's support your contribution will be appreciated, as our activities are supported entirely by the voluntary gifts of our members. ENROLLMENT BLANK Date_ I favor the principles and purposes of the American Liberty League and request that I be enrolled as a tetributing}-^e, Signature_ Name (Mr. Mrs. Miss) .jt Street |" _ i Town County State â™¦As a contributing member I desire to give $- to help support the activities of the League: Cash herewith.--Installments as follows:_