You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
"Bulletin Of The American Liberty League", Vol. 1 No. 1, August, 1935. American Liberty League. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Digital Library Services, University of Kentucky Libraries Lexington, Kentucky kukm59m61_b_0001 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. "Bulletin Of The American Liberty League", Vol. 1 No. 1, August, 1935. American Liberty League. American Liberty League. Washington, D.C. 1935. This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. ï»¿i bulletin OF THE AMERICAN LIBERTY LEAGUE NATIONAL PRESS BUILDING WASHINGTON, D. C. VOL. 1 AUGUST, 1935 No.1 BIRTHDAY The American Liberty League is one year old this month. During that brief period the League has grown until its membership reaches into every state in the Union. By the time the League's second birthday rolls around one year hence the country will be in the midst of a political campaign which may determine our future form of government and the fate of those principles under which the nation has grown and prospered. By that time it is essential â€” and on the basis of progress so far made it may be expected â€” that the League shall be a potent force to assist the American people in making the proper decision. It has become so clear that it no longer requires argument that the so-called New Deal cannot continue under the Constitution of the United States. Having failed in their attempt at nullification by indirection, advocates of the New Deal scheme of things have been forced to adopt the more forthright procedure of seeking to change the Consti tutlon. That this may be the next major move is clearly indicated by President Roosevelt himself. Following the Supreme Court's decision In the so-called Schechter case invalidating NRA codes, the President made a lengthy speech to Washington newspaper correspondents which, if it had any meaning at all, foreshadowed an attempt to change the Constitution in such manner as to give the Federal government undisputed control over the private business affairs of every citizen of this nation. The Impression that this is what is in the President's mind has been strengthened by subsequent utterances of members of his Cabinet and other prominent officials of the administration. Even more sinister are the implications in the President's recent letter to Representative Hill of Washington with reference to the Guffey Coal Control Bill. Advocating enactment of this bill, the President in his letter to Mr. Hill urged that members of Congress should not let doubts as to the constitutionality of the measure "however reasonable" deter them from voting for the bill. This attitude can have only one meaning, namely, a desire to take away from the Supreme Court its constitutional authority to hold invalid such acts of Congress as may be in conflict with the Constitution. To do this would be to destroy the foundation stone upon which the structure of constitutional liberty rests. THE ISSUE WHAT THE ISSUE MEANS It is important that the American people shall realize the logical consequences of the theories advocated by the present administration. These consequences were summarized in a recent radio speech by Mr. Shouse (Document No. 55) as follows*. ï»¿- 2 - "I wonder If my listeners tonight realize Just what Congress and the President could do if the Supreme Court were deprived of the power which it has exercised since the foundation of this nation. "IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES, CONGRESS COULD ESTABLISH A STATE RELIGION. IT COULD PROHIBIT FREE SPEECH. IT COULD ABOLISH A FREE PRESS. IT COULD PROHIBIT CITIZENS FROM ASSEMBLING TO PETITION THE GOVERNMENT. IT COULD PREVENT A CITIZEN FROM HAVING ARMS FOR HIS OWN PROTECTION. IT COULD PROVIDE FOR THE QUARTERING OF SOLDIERS IN YOUR HOUSEHOLD IN TIME OF PEACE. IT COULD AUTHORIZE THE SEARCHING OF YOUR HOMES AND THE SEIZURE OF YOUR GOODS AND PAPERS WITHOUT CAUSE OR REASON. IT COULD AUTHORIZE THE ISSUANCE OF A WARRANT FOR YOUR ARREST AT THE WHIM OF SOME OFFICIAL AND WITHOUT ANY SUPPORTING OATH OR AFFIRMATION. IT COULD PROVIDE FOR THE SEIZURE OF YOUR PROPERTY WITHOUT COMPENSATION. IT COULD ABOLISH THE RIGHT OF TRIAL BY JURY AND THE SUPREME RIGHT TO AN IMPARTIAL TRIAL. IT COULD PROVIDE FOR CRUEL AND UNJUST PUNISHMENT AND FOR EXCESSIVE BAIL AND FINES. "In other words, every protection which the Constitution has thrown about the individual citizen for whose benefit it was adopted would be entirely withdrawn and the people of America would be subject to the autocratic whim of the temporary governing body Just as are many of the peoples of Europe today. "If the present administration or any subsequent administration wishes to go before the American people with a proposition making possible such results, I, for one, welcome that issue." NATIONAL LAWYERS COMMITTEE The League's National Lawyers Committee, under the chairmanship of R. E. Desvernine, is preparing legal analyses of important New Deal acts and bills, including the Wagner Labor Bill, the Guffey Coal Control Bill, the TVA, THE AAA, Securities Act, Securities Exchange Act, the Social Security Act, the Communications Act, the Tax Bill and the general subject of government competition with private business. Each analysis will include a summary of conclusions prepared especially for laymen and a formal legal brief of all supporting authorities and arguments such as might be filed in court by an attorney having a case Involving the act concerned. The Lawyers Committee will restrict itself to the preparation of these legal opinions without expressing an opinion as to social, financial or political policies. Each opinion will be made public in full as will any qualifying or dissenting opinions, If prepared, so that full, impartial and non-partisan opinion will be available to all. Each analysis will be an expert opinion as to whether or not the legislation concerned conforms with American constitutional principles and American traditions. The League feels that these opinions from fifty of the most eminent lawyers of the American Bar, representing all sections of the country and all shades of political opinion should prove a real contribution to maintenance of constitutional government and should give the American public the expert advice needed for sound public opinion. All members of the League interested In obtaining copies of these opinions, when issued, should write the League. All interested in any aspects of the Lawyers Committee should write the chairman, R. E. Desvernine, 15 Broad Street, New York City. ï»¿- 3 - RECENT LEAGUE PUBLICATIONS THE PRESIDENT'S TAX PROGRAM - (Document No. 47) A comprehensive analysis of the measure which Mr. Roosevelt unexpectedly proposed under circumstances which led to the conclusion that it is a political gesture rather than a serious attempt to put the nation's fiscal affairs in order. EXPANDING BUREAUCRACY - (Document No. 57) A study of the present administration's expensive violation of its campaign pledges and the resulting menace to the rights and liberties of citizens. LAWMAKING BY EXECUTIVE ORDER - (Document No. 60) An analysis of the growth of lawmaking by executive edict, rather than through normal constitutional processes, as illustrated by the Roosevelt administration. NEW DEAL LAWS IN FEDERAL COURTS - (Document No. 63) A review of decisions by the Federal judiciary and their effect in checking attempts to subvert the American constitutional system. LEAGUE ACTIVITIES More than 1000 Voluntary Recruiting Committees are now enlisting League members throughout the United States under a membership plan approved by the Executive Committee. Activities of the League Recruiting Committees reach into every state and every large city. Any member willing to organize or serve on a Recruiting Committee In his locality should get in touch with Capt. William H. Stayton, Secretary of the League, at national headquarters. Carrying its message to the country, the League has so far distributed more than 2,500,000 pamphlets, of which more than 500,000 have gone into libraries, including school and college libraries, where they are kept on file for reference purposes. Many requests have been received from educational Institutions for additional copies of League publications to be used in the class rooms. In addition to the foregoing distribution of League literature, copies of pamphlets and press releases are supplied regularly to more than 400 leading papers throughout the country as well as to the corps of newspaper correspondents and the bureaus of the various press associations in Washington. At the Invitation of the University of Virginia the League sponsored a round table discussion, "The Constitution and the New Deal," at the annual Institute of Public Affairs in Charlottesville. League speakers and their topics were: Nicholas Roosevelt - "Two Amazing Years"; Demarest Lloyd -"Fabian Socialism in the New Deal"; Dr. Walter E. Spahr - "The People's Money"; Raoul E. Desvernine -"The Principles of Constitutional Democracy and the New Deal"; J. Howard Pew - "Which Road to Take?"; Capt. William H. Stayton - "Today's Lessons for Tomorrow"; James W. Wadsworth - "The Blessings of Stability"; Dr. Neil Carothers - "Recovery by Statute". The addresses of speakers sponsored by the League together with a rather limited opposition offered by those who spoke in defense of the New Deal provided the high lights for this year's Institute. TYPICAL COMMENT NEW YORK HERALD TRIBUNE, July 23, 1935. "In its analysis of the unprecedented growth of a vast Federal bureaucracy under the New Deal the American Liberty League lays much stress on Mr. Roosevelt's promises, as candidate, to reduce the Federal bureaucracy and eliminate many of the commissions and bureaus. * * * One hundred and fifty thousand new Federal ï»¿- 4 - employees have been added to the government pay roll, and thirty-one new boards and commissions, since March, 1933. In wages alone these have added more than $300,000,000 a year to the Federal budget. Their total cost of operation runs much higher." INDIANAPOLIS STAR, July 11, 19 35 "A strong case against the President's taxation program has been presented in analysis of its obvious political intent by the American Liberty League. It must be clearly evident to every thinking citizen that the terrific cost of the new deal program can only be paid by a reduction of expenditures and a general Increase in taxation, which will permit a balanced budget. Instead of a well-considered application of new revenue measures, Mr. Roosevelt hastily and carelessly tossed his unexpected tax demands to a weary Congress, demanding equally hasty enactment. The time and character of the proposal both emphasize the political rather than the financial end desired." CINCINNATI ENQUIRER, July 21, 19 35 "One of the most useful Jobs the American Liberty League has done was to compile accurate figures showing the expansion of the Federal bureaucracy since March, 1933. Mr. Roosevelt took office with the understanding that economy and rigid retrenchment in the budgets of all departments would be his first objective. A good deal was done in this direction in the early months of his Administration. But the record as it stands today Indicates that more than 100,000 new employees have been put on Federal pay rolls in the new alphabetical agencies alone." SPOKANE SPOKESMAN-REVIEW, July 21, 19 35 "Voters who may Incline to a constitutional amendment to forbid the supreme court1s passing upon the constitutionality of a law of congress or a state legislature, should ask the American Liberty League, National Press Building, Washington, D. C, for a copy of a radio address, Monday night, by Jouett Shouse, its president. * * * He pointed out a truth which any lawyer will confirm, that if the supreme court should be stripped of that authority, congress or a state legislature could pass anything and call it constitutional, and there would be no appeal anywhere." MINNEAPOLIS TRIBUNE, July 28, 19 35 "The American Liberty League has launched many a shaft at the new deal, but none has come closer to a bulls-eye than the one It aimed last week at its sponsorship of a vast bureaucracy. "Not even zhe administration's most vigorous supporters would conscientiously deny that it has wandered far from the original resolves of the President and his party to cut down the costs of government and to effect a simplification of the federal administrative machine." (Copies of all League documents referred to herein will be supplied upon request.)