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"Bulletin Of The American Liberty League", Vol. 1 No. 4, November, 1935. American Liberty League. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Digital Library Services, University of Kentucky Libraries Lexington, Kentucky kukm59m61_b_0004 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. "Bulletin Of The American Liberty League", Vol. 1 No. 4, November, 1935. American Liberty League. American Liberty League. Washington, D.C. 1935. This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognition (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has been done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. ï»¿Tâ€”VTP TIP T T-HII I IT "Ik T ^y\^ IJULjLjL J. XI N OF THE AMERICAN LIBERTY LEAGUE NATIONAL PRESS BUILDING WASHINGTON, D. C. VOL. 1 NOVEMBER 1935 No. 4 THE END OF ANOTHER NEW DEAL "EXPERIMENT" The outcome of the attempt to curtail free speech as exercised by the National Lawyers Committee of the American Liberty League Is related in an Associated Press dispatch from Columbus, Ohio, excerpts from which follow: "COLUMBUS, Ohio, Nov. 17. - The American Bar Association's standing committee on professional ethics and grievances held today that the American Liberty League's national lawyer's committee violated no canon of legal ethics In offering free legal services to citizens without funds to defend their constitutional rights. "'All that they (the Liberty League's national lawyers' committee) have offered, ''said the opinion, 'is their experience and skill "If and when any American citizen, however humble, is without means to defend his constitutional rights in a court of justice." The committee is unable to see anything unethical or improper in such a course.'........... "The bar committee's opinion stated, in part: "'The question divides itself into two subheads, the rendering of services of the (league) committee or the members thereof without compensation in defense of American citizens who believe their constitutional rights to be imperiled..... and the publication of a proffer of such service by radio broadcast, distribution of pamphlets or otherwise. "'As to the first of these questions there would seem to be no doubt. The defense of indigent citizens without compensation is carried on throughout the country.'........ "The committee further held that 'this proffer of service,' even when broadcast over the radio, 'does not offend the ethical code......... "'A nation is at its safest when its most eminent citizens are imbued with sufficient patriotism to interest themselves in the public welfare, even at great sacrifice to their private affairs.'" ******** When the American Liberty League made public the first report from the National Lawyers Committee, which reDort expressed the opinion that the National Labor Relations Act is unconstitutional, the Honorable Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of the Interior and spokesman for the administration, declared this action to be "a gross impertinence" and "an evidence per se of disrespect for the Supreme Court." ï»¿"DANGEROUS EXPERIMENTATION" A League pamphlet, "Dangerous Experimentation" (Doc. No. 72), analyzes ten phases of the Roosevelt administration's activities and summarizes its appraisal of them as follows: "The experimentations of various kinds pursued by the administration have shown results vastly different from those promised. Fantastic theories have failed to stand the test of trial. Manipulation of economic factors has produced complications leading to a new assortment of evils. Projects coated with the sanctity of social reform have failed to bestow benefits except of a paternalistic character which weaken the fiber of the people. Through many of the experiments runs a purpose to change the institutions which have grown up under the Constitution. "The failure of experiments might be tolerated for a short period in an acute emergency or for a longer time if involving no substantial drain upon the Treasury. Not only have the administration's half-baked theories proved misguided but the cost of experimentation has been tremendous. Annual expenditures of the Federal Government have been double those of the period before the depression. The continuance of an unbalanced budget threatens difficulties more alarming than anything that heretofore has occurred. There is increasing recognition of the fact, as demonstrated in the case of the NRA, that recovery is proceeding in spite of, rather than because of, experimentation. The present situation demands an end of experimentation and not merely a breathing spell. Such a course will facilitate a return to sound fiscal policies and to principles consistent with the Constitution, as well as assure a marked Improvement in business conditions." The pamphlet Includes a discussion of: Rural Resettlement, Alaskan Colonization, Subsistence Homesteads, the National Youth Administration, Public -Schools, Civil Service, NRA Jobs, Unemployment, the AAA and Monetary Policies. THEY NEVER LEARN There are striking similarities between the New Deal and the Mercantilist system of economics which reached its climax under George III and brought on the American Revolution. Similar parallels exist between the New Deal and present day Italian Fascism. It is no new thing for men exercising autocratic power to believe themselves able to dictate and control the economics of a great nation. Such delusions were common long before the "horse and buggy" days of the founders of the United States of America'. They persist today. All such experiments with the lives and fortunes of millions of men and women rest upon one primary essential â€” autocratic power exercised by one individual, or a small group of individuals. The origin of that power matters not. It is its existence that Is important. It may arise out of a system of hereditary rule by divine right which makes a mighty empire the plaything of a mad king. It may result from a march of black-shirted legions upon Rome. It may come about through a craven congressional surrender of legislative prerogatives to an executive grasping for extra-constitutional authority. Those who framed the Constitution of the United States had to their sorrow lived through one experiment in "planned economy". They ended that experiment, so far as the United States was concerned, by risking their lives on the battle fields of the Revolution. They thought they had for all time prevented any similar experimentation in the United States by the formulation and adoption of the Constitution. Similarities between the New Deal and other past and present experiments in "Planned Economy" are discussed In the League pamphlet "Economic Planning â€” Mistaken but Not New" (Doc. No. 75.) ï»¿SOUTHERN DEMOCRAT SPEAKS Excerpts from address by the Honorable Forney Johnston of Birmingham, Alabama on "The Economic Necessity in the Southern States for a Return to the Constitution" (Doc. No. 73) over the Dixie network of the Columbia Broadcasting System October 29, 1935: "The present administration has, under the high tension of depression, done more to create class, occupational and regional prejudice than any administration in history, precisely as the President has done more than any previous President, in fact alone among the Presidents of the United States, has spoken and acted to impair popular respect for the protection of a written Constitution, judicially interpreted and applied........... "I have yet to meet any man in business, wno expresses any opinion at all, who does not now express the belief, in solemn words and with profound conviction, that the program of this administration is ominous and disruptive.. .......... "It is no mere political opposition. It is the more intense because the cards are dealt by a Democrat, dealing from the bottom of the Socialist pack............. "The planned economy of the New Deal in Russia also took good care of its Industrial projects, but millions died in Russia of starvation. Four thousand families in Jefferson County are threatened with' withdrawal from relief rolls tomorrow night, not for lack of funds but because available funds are being applied to unnecessary public works In remote areas. Cheops must have his pyramid........... "I am warning the people of my section against surrendering the responsibility which Is both their duty and their opportunity, and selling their self-reliance to a political group organized to centralize political power, finance, taxation and public improvements in the federal government, to be accomplished first by discrediting and then nullifying the American Constitution. The South, by reason of its relative weakness in industry, the limits on its markets, the peculiar nature of its local problems, is of all sections most in need of the protection of the Constitution and most certain to suffer stagnation if standardized by political control in Washington." NATIONAL LAWYERS COMMITTEE Speaking over Station KMOX, St. Louis, November 6, on the subject "The National Lawyers Committee of the American Liberty League", Ethan A. H. Shepley, Chairman of the League's Missouri Division, discussed the function of the Committee and some of the New Deal criticisms of it. EXCERPTS: "Our critics tell you first that we are nothing short of impertinent in undertaking to express an opinion as to the validity of an act of Congress before it has been submitted to and passed upon by the Supreme Court............ If the members of the Bar are to be criticized at all, it is that they have failed to speak soon enough and often enough on matters of this character. To criticize after the Court has acted might well be classified as disrespectful and impertinent, but this is a charge that our President must answer, not the Lawyers Committee of the American Liberty League............ "Are we to distrust those clergymen who have made a success of their professionâ€” the surgeons and physicians whose ability is generally recognizedâ€”the authors, artists, teachers, bankers or businessmen who have attained a standing in their respective lines of endeavor? Is the laboring man who has worked his way up to the position of foreman or superintendent to be distrusted because of that fact?" ï»¿PROCESSES OF DEMOCRACY UNDER THE NEW DEAL From an editorial entitled "The Ghost of the Corn-Hog Vote" from THE UNIONIST AND PUBLIC FORUM of Sioux City, Iowa, November 7: "On our way to Esthervllle last Thursday, Oct. 31, we stopped to see a friend In High Lake township, Emmet county. We discovered how the Corn-Hog referendum was conducted in one townshipâ€”the Corn-Hog committeemen visited each farmer of the township and labored with him to vote for the Corn-Hog program. The committeeman handed the farmer a ballot, and where possible got him to mark it for the Corn-Hog program. If the farmer was unwilling to do so, the committeeman visited him again. If the farmer still held out, he. received a third visit. This third visit in some cases was on Friday night before the election on Saturday. One or more farmers still declined to mark the ballot for the program, saying he would vote at the polling place on Saturday. Then the committeeman Informed the farmer that he would not have a chance to vote at the polls, as all the farmers had been seen and the polls would not be opened for voting. A few farmers visited the polling place on Saturday and found the place closed, so had no chance to vote. The election officials merely took out of their pockets the votes they had secured in their canvass of the township from house to house, and counted them, and announced the result without the trouble of going to the polling place. "If any person desires to question these facts, let him call on us for the proof and we will furnish it." TYPICAL COMMENT TRENTON (N. J.) TIMES, November 2, 1935: "'No administrative or legislative action can give more certain promise of rapid business recovery than the abandonment of spendthrift policies,' remarks the American Liberty League in putting forward a demand that the Federal budget be balanced by 19 37. "It Is the literal truth. Long-term investments and capital outlays will not be made in substantial measure so long as business men and financiers are forced to gaze at the increasingly ominous clouds of exorbitant taxation. And that is precisely the threat entailed in an unbalanced budget." WASHINGTON, D. C. POST, November 2, 1935: "There Is a somewhat political odor to the excitement stirred up over the offer of the lawyers' committee of the Liberty League to render free service to citizens without means to protect their constitutional rights against violation resulting from hasty legislative measures........... "Since the protection of constitutional rights is naturally one of the highest duties of the legal profession, it is a strange spectacle for criticism to be leveled at a committee of lawyers which has the avowed object of donating its services to persons too poor to pay for legal defense." LEAGUE DOCUMENTS Copies of League documents mentioned herein are available upon request to the League's national headquarters. Individual copies will be supplied to non-members of the League at a price of 5^ per copy.