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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, November 13, 1904. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1904 blu1904111301 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, November 13, 1904. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1904 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. RLUE GRASS BLADE4 HIgh Park and Aslllnn fStPt04 EDITED BY A HEA1l1rufIE INTEREST OF GOOD MORALSPUBLU HED WEEKLY lMYEAR IN ADVANCE VOLUME XIII NUMBER 37 LEXINGTON KENTUCKY SUNDAY NOVEMBER 13 E M 304 sioo YEAR TERM3 OF THE BLADE Issue for one year 100 In clubs of five NEW subscribers 60 cents each 250 for five tTerms100 per year 160 In advance Five New subscribers sent one year for 250 i Make all Mnney Orders Drafts and Express Orders payable to the Blue Grass Blade Lexington Ky When you change your address ad I vise this office giving your old as well as the new address When you send your subscription say whether you are a now or old subscriber tL Entered at the post omce at Lexington Ky as Second Glass Mall all communications to BLUE GRASS BLADE P BOX 393 Lexington Kentucky Fayette Telephone 619 Cumbetland Telephone 307 THE SOUTHWEST IS PROSPERING i Arkansas Text Louisiana Full iIOf Opportunities For Persons Of Small Means I Low Rates for Homeseekers- No section of the country Is more prosperous than the Southwest No section Is showing such gains in wealth and population and no other section offers the opportunities for se curing homes and making a start In the world as arc to be found in the Southwest With cheap lands and fertile soil that will grow anything raised in the North is the added attraction of a mild even climate Live cheaper make more and save moresurround yourself with more comforts Write for our descriptive literature tells all about that great country and let us help you find a location i Very low round trip rates via Cot ton Belt Routeone fare plus 2on first and third Tuesdays of each month to points Arkansas Louisiana and Texas L O SCHAEFER T PA Cotton Bolt Cincinnati Oi THE PROSPEROUS SOUTHWEST No section of the United States is t t so prosperous as the Southwest The lands are productive and can be pur chased at reasonable prices If you want to secure a home or make an In vestment in good farm lands Investi gate this section If you will tell me what you want and the amount you have to Invest I will furnish you with and of lands and valuable Homo seekers InformationI the Southwest are on 9and third Tuesdays at one fare plus 200 for tim round trip These tickets have a final limit of 21 days and permit stopovers In both directions south of Windsor Mo and Kincaid Kan This offers an o- portunity to thoroughly the Southwest at a small InvestigateI me send you Illustrated and full particulars t GEORGE MORTONIP and T A M St Louis Mo THE FAST TRAIN To California are run over the Union Pacific Via Omaha 16 hours F quicker to San Francisco than any other line No change of roads no detours The Overland Route all the way Bo sure your ticket reads over the Union Pacific Inquire W H CONNOR G A 63 East Fourth St Cincinnati Ohio FROM MILAM THE PARIS OF ITALY DR WILSON WRITES A LETTER FULLjOF INTENSE DESCRIP RELIGIOUS PO LITlt L AND HISTORICAL IN FORMATION When t man conceives that he is better thaw any one else and that he knows It all progress has reached Its limits In that Individual Tho same may be applied to a nation It has ben the habit or fashion of a great many Americans who have travelled the old world to say on their return America is the only country upbn which the sun shines Like the missionaries who go out to India the can tell you all about the bad and none of the good You mawlook for an exception here I will admit that any man is a better American than myself or has more pride for and native land- I will not admit that any man loves better her mountains her valleys her forests her greencarpeted plains her rocks her rills her flowers or her sunshine tangled in the shade of her it conies to Humanity the Italian is as much my man as tho American fects his happiness liberty brotherI perity affects my own- I propose lo tell you the bad will not be blind to the good Wher ever I have travelled I have noticed that the sun has shined upon all men with Impartial light As Shakespeare says i The sun with one eye vioweth all the world He fires the proud tops of the Eastern pines And darts his light through every guilty hole 1 JS IL7k 1e1Teehe-ar and know This much I have Icarnwi alreadythere la not a very great difference between nations and humanity The social and economic defects seen In governments here are duplicated in our own All nations have somethings superior In themselves and peculiar to themselves and It must not be forgotten that men largely are as climate and sold are Farming As far as I have travelled I will say that the soil is as generally good as It is in America and It is better cultivated Tho science of agricul ture consists of getting as much off the soil as you can without dong It injury Hero they get two crops off the land and Improve it In America they get one crop and take from Its strength Therefore the European Is the better farmer Every spade full of good earth Is utilized The soil Is not worn out as many have been made to believe The grass Is green er and more luxurious than In Amer- Ica I saw more cattle and sheep In riding fifty miles In England than IIsaw in riding from Cincinnati to New York and likewise In France I saw more wheat and oats and hay The most painstaking care is observed ev irywhoro The wheat stacks with their thatched coverings are built so perfect that they are almost works of also a beautiful and fertile country Most of the cereals are rals agrlculllturefar I Judge the Italian to be a skillful farmer Public Improvements In America not how good but how cheap is the first question to be con Idered In public improvements and besides a big rakeoff must be calcu lated in every contract This is due to the cdrfuptlon existing In our mu ilclpal governments and the result Is Inferior public construction every where The same Is also to be ob served in our private corporations- In Europe not how cheap but how good Is the first question of considerac Ion and there is no a halt a dozen to steal All stone and bridge work is heavy and built to stay I saw a steel bridge over the Uifne at Mayence It is a work of art as well as a bridge A Pittsburg firm has offered to build a new bridge at a more convenient location Just for the steel in this old one The turnpikes are as beautiful as a private road leading up to ant American mansion Of course have boon a thousand years in structing all these you will say Alt the more to their credit thent that they keep them up for of a turnplke Is only a few years The roadbods of the railways throughout Europe are more solid and better kept than in America and specially is this true In Italy Here the government owns the railways There Is no Jobbery In their construction Whatever Is done is done right Why If there were such a roadbed In America as I have seen hero In Italy people would travel to see It as one of the curiosities The difference in public construction hero and at home Is the difference between slow Jth I I and good and quick and cheap and I should have Included the dif ference between honesty and dishon estyDont be offended my friends and dont think I am less an American because I tell the truth Amerca is necessarily crude in some things because it Is a new coun try It Is not expected to do it all In a hundred years But there are some things In which It is not crude and one of them Is municipal corruption and this corruption is affecting public Improvements of all kinds It Is affect Ing art education yes It Is affecting oven the life of our nation Let us not bo so bigoted in our love and pride of country that we will re main blind to the evils and dadgers that menace it Lot us not be so bigoted that we will imagine we have all the virtues and good things of Istence Italy At Its Best Milan Is the wealthiest and most modern city In Italy It Is ono of the worlds centers of art and music It is rather a commercial than a manufacturing city Here I have seen Italy at Its best and I do not expect to have as many good things to say of other Italian cities I shan visit as I shall say of this but I shall glvo the good and bad as I close along- I propose to pay direct attention to the political religious and social con dltlons especially the conditions which affect women Italy Is the greatest historical country of tho modern world Here lived a people who excepting the Greeks were the greatest In phil os os ph in the world Hero lived a people who have shaped the laws and morals of the modern world Here they degenevated and upon their remains arose a superstition which deepened the ignorance and degradation of the world for a thous and years Here again Pagan Rome arose Phoenix llke out of its ashes and in the persons of Galileo Bruno Vanlnl and others let the light In on the darkness of those centuries of super stlous cruelty and gloom Here still sits enthroned the head of that ghost ly power which for so many centur ies has plunged the world in war and massacre and ignorance and hate- I propose to note the strength and Influence of this power right here at Its headquarters of government its influence upon art education morals andpolillcb Silica llUiar always1 Op erated through the mind of woman I shall particularly observe Its effects upon woman Italy Is also a b word throughout the world for Anarchy and Socialism I shall look deep Into these questions And lately Atheism and Infidelity have become factors which are looked upon with much alarm The Assocated Press censors every dispatch that Is Inimical to church and crown and the true status of conditions here are not known All patriotic eTort Is scorned at that comes fror those who oppose sup erstition and tyranny The Benjamin Franklins and Thomas Jeffersons of Italy are Anarchists and assassins in the eyes of the restI of the world The men and women who do most for mental liberty universal education and representative government- are denounced and lied about by Americans who are proud of their Republican Institutions The men here who are really doing something for humanity are held in about the same contumely In America as Wash ington was held in England when ItI placed a price on his head Strange that we whose forefathers revolted who went to war and were frozen to death or wounded and killed on theIfield of battle to make our Republicstrange that we should hoot Anarchists at the patriotic liberty loving Italians who are deavorIng to bring about the some glorious and humane results Not strange either when even a man like Bryan is stigmatized as an Anarchst right at home Well calling bad names proves nothing The facts in every case at last determine the truth Paris of ItalytMilan is called the Paris of Italylowing to Its beautiful streets ptuous palaces elegant shopt are music and general gaiety of the peo pie Its streets are generally better paved than the American cities but of course it has not the traffic wet have to cut them up As to the people the poorer classes compare favorably to our own The average crowd on the streets compare In appearance with the people of New York London and ParisiIn fact I never saw so some well dressed men and beautl ful stylish women anywhere In America we Judge the Italian by the Neopolltans and Sicilians who comelto our shores There are still seen some of this class In Milan but he great majority are as Frenchy as Paris itself The Italian women dress in warm colors and such shirtwaists you will see They would drive he Cincinnati women distracted with envy And such array of diamonds and other jews Here Is Just the for Mr Moore Its a pty he IIdayshim had ho gotten to dip some of these Italian beauties An UptoDate City Milan has a population of 350000t and about 500 churches It palaces art galleries parks public gardens monuments libraries mus eums and a great many private col l iI sections of paintings sculpture prints engravings ancient medals coins arms bronzes and ancient valuables therospothlngilooner up of a ere gen4ralyglorious resurrection they prom so to ther saints A crematory In a City is worse than an army of Athe fcfs They havo a fine street railway System splendid lighting and are fight up to date in all tho modern Improvements They have the best toubllc school buildings I have seen Ince leaving America They have one f tho largest and flnesttheatresln the Vorld and tho musician or actor who succeeds In winning tho favor of the ulllanese wins an International repti tklon The4a11Y IstbbestIeveryihereHaeckel antI tho French Authors along theso lines I tel you all these good things to revolaUonsProgressfVery the prosperity and progress of t1e Mllanco will be attributed by many to the presence of Christianity wjiich has ruled supremo here for fifteen centuries swaying the morals and education of the people Many wil say The churches accomplished all this advance But et me tell you this city is no longer the hands of the church The deadly grip of modern progress and Freothought have wrenched It from the churches clutch When the clmrch was all powerful there were not public schools and little education of any kind The Milanese wore red bandanas on their heads instead o- fsk hats They didnt have granite streets electric light street cars and papers The worlds progress like the sun hft pierced every guilty hole Asfljhavo previously told you Mil progressiveniImoderniclty ar Hy and SocJallsm The advocates of these prInciples- ar so bold that they do not fear to proclaim themselves the question arises Are these syitonomous to Italian progress Which was best the former reign of church and aristocracy or the ent reign of Socialism and the Demo cratic sentiment ffhe question answers Itselffor wljere these are not throughout Italy conditions of superstition Ignorance poverty and degradation remain find here that the Anarchist and Socialist are only very mild Republi cans The dread and fear of such is only bugaboo The real viciousness arises from those who would stll keep the masses ignorant antI subser vient and superstitious The Anarchls and Socialist demand representative government free press free spech divorce and the seperatlon of church antI state They demand Just what the Democrat in America demands and would be sat- Isfied with far less From what I see of them I would call them the mildest kind of Republicans Assassination Versus Lynching- I put this question to a number with whom I talked You claim to be peaceful Republicans but resort to dynamite and assassination What explanation can you make for such InconsIstencyI ply You want to know why we resort to assassination Let mo first ask you Why do you resort to lynching and burning negroes at the stake You have assassinations in your own country have you not Well what could I say I tried to explain the matter of lynching I told them that I was a freethinker and Christians and not Freethinkers engaged In lynching I was compelled to say that I was ashamed of my country and admit lynching was largely the result of the corruption of our courtsthat- my country is run by politicians not statesmenthat we no longer have- a single statesman in our Congress Well they would reply about he same causes which produce lynch ing in your country produce assassination here the difference Is you have hundreds of lyuchlngs and burn- Ing at tho stakes where we have one assassination You attack the help less ignorant negro who commits an Individual crime We go after the power which corrupts and brutalizes- all Where one girl Is ravished by negroes In your country thousands- are ravished here by the nobility and Insight Into the Life of Humbert Why said I did you kill King Hum bert Was he not a liberal and hu mane ruler He had that reputation abroad was the reply but here he was known to be a roue and degenerate and his example demoralized all ciety He was a Saadlst and devoted big part of his time to the corrup of young girls The church said nothingthe lower classes grumbled because their daughters were the vie tims Humbert would drive up with his score of guards before a store or J t factory Just at closing time He would select some young girl who was pleasing to his eye and appoint a guard to follow her home The guard would open up negotiations with the mother to send the girl to the Kings palace or private apartmentsthe King being liberal with the peoples money for such purposes Ho would retain the child there as long as sired and then send her home Tho example of the King of course was followed by the nobility and rich Tho King could do no wrong If a poor mans child is attractive her beauty Is her ruin The bribe was a temptation to poor Ignorant par ents and many took It as a matter of course and some came to look up on sacrificing the virtue of their dren to the lusts of the rich as an Humbert was killed for the same reason you burn a nigger the difference being that the nigger Is half savago and less accountablo and his example Is not Imitated by the rich and powerful The domestic af fairs of Humbert were always in dis order and the example of homolifo he set to the Italian people was cor rupting in the extreme What with this and the military and class sys tems of which ho was the embodiment as well as the cruelty with which suspects are treated he made the cranks among us desperate and so lost his lIfo as the result of his own rash acts CranksIYou speak of tho crauka among you Who are the cranks There are two classes of us ho re plied The philosophical Anarchist of the Tolstoi type who as Is illustrat ed by his life wll not apply force Force Is directly opposed by our phi osophy and Intent But like all other societies wo have those among us whom wo cannot manage and for whom we aro blamed but are not In reality responsible We can no more manage them than your government can manage the Christians who tako the law in their own hands and burn negroes at the stake Bad as some of us are we havent reached the point of burning and cutting off toes and skin for souvenrs Speaking for our selves we deplore the taking oft of King Humbert Assassination does no good and the little of It that Is donoyHs due to the desperation of In ifJiiil Ii K isUhilih2t = humane need have no fear of the masses Suspects You speak of cruelty to suspects What do you mean It has been the fashion here to re gard any one who freely speaks his mind against the government as a dangerous individual and if he gets too intemperate in his speech to suit the militia he is run in as a suspect Instead of giving him a far trial by Jury ho Is put to tho torture to wring some kind of a confession from him His persecutors will be satisfied with nothing less than the exposition of a plot and Informing upon comrades One of the methods of torture Is to cohfine a man in a cell two feet square and about a foot shorter than his length As you see the victim cannot lie or sit down nor stand straight In twenty minutes he Is In agony which Is soon aggravated by thirst and starvation It Is such cruelty as tbs that excites the weaker minded and desperate to deeds of violence and both the persecuton and the violence which naturally go together are to be deplored The government must give every one alike a fair trial If it would avoid these awful conditions- I was told that the victim of the above method of torture generally succumbed In five or six days but that Brescl held out for twelve days How Made Acquaintances Some of you may wonder since I cannot speak Italian how I came to meet so many different classes of In formants I will explain I met them generally at the cafes In the great arcade at Milan is one of the fittest cafes I saw in my travels It Is In reaUt a marble palace A female or al1sIalllIdnds too of the city Every place was crowded I have never seen such fine looking well dressed people Many of the men were In dress suits having dropped In from the opera or from some social func tion felt that I looked like a hay seed among them I stepped In heroI every evening and always get a chair at a table where were seated the most Intelligent looking men I would order my coffee and presently ask one of the gentlemen if he could speak English and so Introduced myself If he could only speak a little bit he would generally call some one else up as an Interpreter- I would Inform them that I was an Amercan which they knew without my telling and that I was greatly pleased with and Interested In their city and that I was looking Into the political religious and social condi tions etc I would put out a few feelers and gradually would let them know that I was travelling to Rome as a delegate to the Free thought Congress soon to be held there I could observo an Interest taken in me at once Not in all but In most Instances I gained their con fldenco right away and upon my ask lag they opened their minds to me freely Thus you see that what Infor mation I give you Is from representa the people and not from the elements of discontent rflW thattheyothersloutstudyIngI must say that I was amazed when professors and physicians and Signor so and so in a dross suit wore pont ed out as members of these agitating wasIntroducedwas also Informed that there wero certain members of the nobility backing these agitators I asked why affillatefinite reply except for political rea sons iI told them that It semed very strange to me that any member of the Italian nobility should affiliate with Anarchists for tho nobility in my country wouldnt alow one of them to come In Itthat they would allow the most evilly disposed Jesuit to come in and plot right under the nose of the president but they had made a recent law to keep Tolstoi out asked these people what were expecttoThey replied That they aimed to establish a Republic separate church from state cut down the army and grantdlvorcofor tho aged and otherwise erect a government upon humane principles Food For Reflection generallyAnarchycontented slum element Among Hal Neopolltanof country But Milan tho weal thlest most modern and progressive city In Italy Is the very hot bed oftthese classes I did not go to the slums for Information but to awellest cafes in the city I have found out that we in America do not under stand tho situation over here and that we are scared at a name When a Catholic killed McKinley the coun try went into spasms and took Its venge out on the wrong party For myself I think Socialism im pratlcablo and that philosophical An archy socalled Is only a beautiful cranleHisas the negatveevIlandc selfishness jiisthavetle of It as possible Here they are trying to reduce the laws In America we are piling them up mountain high I believe however from what lobserved here that these extremes of effectlofa evenutally arise from their propaganda Govern ments change very slowly The Freethinker and Free Mason In Italy are the powers which will temper oxclted minds and all will end well for this glorious and illustrious land So far as I can see all that any v of these agitating bodies ask is no more than the liberties we oursatyes enjoy iAnd as long as we burn negroes at the stake for a single act of criminal lust we should not be horrified at the shooting of a King for a long life of wholesale criminality of the same character Let us not pick motes wicn the Italian Lynching Itself Is Anarchy Race Prejudice Nearly every foreigner with whom I became acquainted put this ques Von of lynching and burning at the stake to me I explained the provoca tion in full and the race prejudice which is natural and that all nations were human exterminators both tail and whoesale that nIl the nations of Europehad gone to China to stick pigs and all preparing to stick each other that alt of these powers lieve war to be a good thing now and then in order to get rid of a surplus population that I deplored lynching and was ashamed that Christian An archists engaged in it and also de plored and was ashamed that human ity the world over was genoraly bru tal None would except the plea of race prejudice They said and said truly Lynching proves your government to be weak and ouricourts to be weak and society demor alized when it falls to protect the criminal and punish him by law and the evidence of weakness Is even more plain when the government It self docs not even make an attempt to prosecute the lyncher In England I noticed that negroes mixed as freely with the whites as lldftho Japs the Turks and othersJI noticed this particularly at the res 7vardcafes I saw negroes Hindus Ara bians Algerians and black people of all natonaltles sitting among and eating and conversing with French men and women If the negroes were as thick as they are in Alabama it is probable that the French and English would develop some race prejudice As It Is the black people who come to these countries are few and most of them ire trade representatives and that makes a big difference However I commend the European for not In dulging In race prejudice It is as mean vicious and demoralizing as re ligious prejudice- I 14 believe yes I am sure that lynch ing In America has greatly retarded Republican sentiment In the old coun try It has set representative govern Continued on next page- U JiFLt1J1 i t FROM MILAM Continued from front imgo mont hero back for fifty or n hundred years Theres your Republican eminent they sny Even such a Freethinker as Footo of London said to mo I dont bo love In your Democracy and polntod to lynching as evidence of our Instability and degeneration The Italian Militia All over Europe I noticed from four to ton soldiers at every station Evep at a very small country station thero would often be six or eight In Italy the militia seem oven thicker They are paid four cents a day Germnny Is bigger hearted and pays Its soldiers six conts a day r Hero In Milan I observe soldiers BoWUsrs everywhere They go In twos and threesT do the pollee who are dlstlngulshed by different uniform Both police and mllitnT ry short swords I was told that one soldier goes along to protect the oth or A soldier caught oft by himself Is occasslonally given a drubbing The people have nothing against the solI dlors but they have against the sys tern It Is generally understood howI over that the soldiers are fected with Socialism On every ner In the central part of the city are two or three police or soldiers and besides others can bo seen walking along the square Notwithstanding the government alms to keep the labor and other agitating elements well In hand by the presence of militia at railway stations and In the cities still they do not keep down strikes in Milan There Is one healthy featureof strikes They develop organization and the laborer and other SDcalled lower classes can never obtain jus tlco or representation in government until they organize Heretofore church has organized them In t4e interest of the state which In turn pays big dividends to the chui Church and army have been the onlyI organizations the Italian masses hove ever konwn Now they are organizing in their own interests consequen they have learned to strlkeconse quently they are on the road to Dem ocracy Secret societies are under the ban of the church which Is the greatI est secret society of all yet notwithstanding the ban I am toldI that secret societies are thicker In Italy than In any other country WeI at last see Individualism springing up in Italy and the leaven of Democracy leavening A Strike and almost a riot took place while I was at Milan The strike was for higher wages on the street and ernment railways and became general Street car conductors get cents a day here The cost of Hvlng here as in most places is jusvwhat you make it I went through the markets and into grocery and dry tgoods stores and priced articles a found everything as dear or dearer than In Cincinnati In fact Every city I have visited tho cost of llvl Is greater than In Cincinnati A man can live cheaply of course If he only eats thin soup and bread Tho street conductors In Cincinnati get two Acar per day Well there were a jlotof soldiers rushed Into the city lively times anticipated and ally some rioting I saw women and children placed across tho street car tracks and men stand with stones r ready to hurl them at tho scab con ductors if they dared to move the car There were a number hurt and seriously injured throughout the city The Italian is excitable and makes a lot of noise without meaning much It was hard to tell just which side the militia was on The American and t European papers of course reported this strike as Anarchy broke loose X They thus give too much prominence to Anarchy for its advocates are few compared to those of Socialism and they are confined principally o students philosophers moralists and dreamers Socialism is the elemfc most active The strikers won ut and next day everything was as quiet as if nothing had happened- A Secret of Agitation I was Introduced to an Italian woman in the swell cafe She was beautiful stylish superbly dressed dls played a wealth of diamonds and talk ed engllsh perfectly Silo was from Genoa and did not hesitate to say i that she was an Anarchist She was but twentyfive and had traveled In r England and America Through her I learned of several matters nere vcd in the riot which had lIot rInv given public mention and h the police and papers had smothered One of the principal causes which led the masses to join the strllors arose from the following incident A wealthy citizen had purchase a young girl from her mother after the King Humbert style heretofor mentioned The understanding was that the gentleman should permit the girl to return home at a certain date without fall as the brother of the girl who had been serving in the army had about completed his time and would return and the mother wanted the girl to be at home whet the son came at which time It Is the custom to make a feast in honor of the discharge of the son The day came and the girl was not at home the boy inquired for his sis ter but the mother said she was out and expected her to bo home at any moment As she was not at homo the next day the boy knowing and sus pecting what had happened enlisted some companions and went in search of her finding her in this mans apart ments Ho attempted to lull the man and was arrested The matter becom ing noised about the people took adI vantage of tho occasion of the strike to mako a demonstration against this crimeISo you see it Is always know before you condemn Our pers will tell of Anarchy breaking loose in Milan but If a rich old ras cal in an American community would thus corrupt young girls something would break loose mighty quick and ho would havo to clear out or get his nook stretched P D The Great Cathedral Every ono Is familiar with the plct1 uro of this great structure But a picture tells you nothing The urea only look lIko an extra IsI church It Is built of marble uncI foot long and wide It has statues 250 of which aro on the facade Tho windows 80 feot high look llko marble embroider Imagine an Interior having 100 marblo pillars twelve feet In diameter and 180 feet high Imagine tho arched ceilings which look like marbled lace hiitfglno tho carvings the paintings the statuary the brOnZO the gllilcd altars and chapels tho glor stained windows and mosaic floors Hero labor rind extortion and hu nan life and poverty and Ignorance and tsiarvation and tears are piledc nto a monstrous mountain of mal bled magnlficancc I attended mass here several morn ngs and was In and out of tho lilaco ttleapt twenty times- Vcryiuttnrftllx t we associate fino t things with flue pe a things with artistic people enllguTe things with enlightened people With ill these great cathedrals I aasoclatellc he people who attend them and who fro more a study to me than the hatch Itself I couldnt help but noto ho Difference between those worshIPI dng and the people of tho streetI opera and cafe I noted that the fine people were nOt attracted to this flue church Now and then I would see an Intelligent poking man and a gorgeously dress cd woman but the great mass of wor nippers wore tho poverty stricken and wretched and beggars of the s et Centuries of toll and poor feedingand ignorance and degrada tlou and slavish piety were pictured In their bent bodies and wrinkled lIstlesol countenances Poor devils said I you have a tght to be here for you are Just what aperstltlon has made you but oh the difference in your appearance and in that of these gilded marbloI als1es These poor wretches are at acted to this great glowing cathedral just as moths are attracted to an arc light They come out of their dark streets their wretched tene ants to bask awhile in these marble halls and they experience the same ecstacy as that of the moth which will not leave the glare which eventually singes out Its life I leaned against one of the great columns and watched these benighted retches pass In and out How moele and humble they would come in How slavishly they prostrated themselves upon tho marble floors How abjectly and childlike they worshipped and praecl And It was pitiable to see- them creep out and away from this magnlficance as though tt were out of place amid such surround- Ings I attended two masses on Sunday the best audiences are out and was surprised to note the few In f udaiico Tire biggest part of these were visitors like myself I was told- that many of the most l1romlnent ambers aro lubewarm and tho peo pie generally aro growing weary of tne cost of keeping churches up They- arc learning that they can get along without so much priest and religion The people generally however are- proud of the cathedral from tho point of architecture and beauty and It ept In good condition for its presence attracts visitors and money the Crypt and Treasure The substerraneous chapel or crypt Is finished In solid silver and was designed by Pellegrini In this crypt Is a rockcrystal coffin framed with slIver containing the body of Charles Borromeo Any one who has monoy to get down to sit 1n this ver crypt and kneel and pray to Saint Charley In his rockcrystal s verllned coffin may be cured of diseases at which the hao tried and failed coffin is also a gold crown an doctorsI and a pastoral staff i us all of which adds to tlve abilities of St Borromeos bones lief treasure is the room contains the most ancient and sacredI or relics and Jewels It costs 25 cents tei see all these things Here I saw- Mnes hair fingers toes- ahrouds andnearlyallthoparaphanal of the saints and the apostles have one of the heads of St Luke- and of course a piece of the true- cross and the bodies of saints tha- tneer suffered corruption There they lie Just as in In life They look like- wax but they aro not They are uncorrupted flesh I know what amlalldllg about for did I not see- th4f with mine own eyes Lets havo no smiles Some times the cheeks of the uncorrupted redden blood had started up as though the circulating and at such times their- Mwers of healing all incurable dls es are extra strong and effective St Bartholomew This saint was one of the martyrs s of the church A martyr always ceives special reverence The church- never martyred anybody St Bartholomew received special honor oncefupon a time in France Well It is told that Saint Bartholomew was put to death by being skit ned alive and that ho lived throug the ordeal and hung his sldn- acrofiB his shoulders It was this spe cle jijf martyrdom no doubt that first led the chiirf h itself to go in the skinning business The best test of the- truth of a religion is the killing s01114fanatlc who believed It- Well to commemorate the martyrdom of St Bartholomew his statue ereouill in a prominent place In this at cathedral It is marble lIfogr slzo He is skinned from the top of his head to the soles of his feet am bas his skin across his shoulders It Is one of the most ghastly objects I over looked at Everybody went to vi ow it I saw parents lead their children up to It and tell them the star of the saint and teach them to cross- themselves and pray to it Nearly ery child shrank away and some- cried out with fright I saw young- women kiss the saints toes and skin and shed tears This sight proved to 1 t 7f poor dear things that Ion was true without a doubt The Top of the Cathedral To the roof of tho cathedral stops To tho top of tower You pay 25 cents to go to When you get to tho roof that you have to pay 25 cents get up In the tower and 10 to see tho bolls What with the treasure and and roof and tower you can graft gotten out of visitors to big cathedrals The Income source Is enormous and ten to hundreds of dollars Roman church In Italy is trout tho graft It gets from lous Besides charges of Iau have tho contribution box at you a dozen times before out Tho top of this sight to behold It is simply pinnacles and statuary Itself Is composed of marble three Inches thick and about square Hundreds of tho cannot ho seen from the street ho building was In course of Ion tho architect was asked put so many statues up where oust see them Ho rSirKedTiQod and the an see them Thought of Friends Far There were about ono pIe on tho roof Country sts brought their dinners md were eating and drinking supply those without young man was going around argo basket full of mottles of grape julco and was ng on a brisk trade It was something out of nary to me to see wino op of a tabernacle of the icing brought up a tee to tal Laying a Prohibition editor ilbltlon wife naturally I roved at tho sight At the same time I was thirsty as climbing steps Is and a vague remomberanco the Governor of North a the Governor of South amo over me and then I what the Good Book says Ing a little wine for the sake and there being a time things and then I thought of far away and that there was ter time and no better place to their health than right here immit of ths sacred ought a bottle opened It and far to westward said old Charlie Moore and all of then gand Then I lit a cigarette and among the myriad statuo crowned to wonders of this masterpiece tlful folly It didnt seem so out of rall to see wino sold and top of this cathedral The commodity of this city Is church was built largely resent sustajned bj the sale nests revel and gelt drunk Thus arguing I begin to guilty and that not very sinned I noticed that about statue of a saint had a on it and It seemed to me himself ought to take care protect anything so beautiful LIIn his honor Some of the ugly enough to deflect the The Facade of As before stated tho aclorned with 250 statues thero are many stone jectlng wolves devils ards owls wild boars goblins of every conceivable keep infidels and bad spirits terlng within There are of lion heads horses bulls gels dogs eagles monkeys snattes and other sacred But the features most to 1are the killing scenes There 11sized figures of an angel and Eve out of the rabam about to kill Isaac of a saint hacked to pieces trnnl arms and legs all the decapitation of Herod Ing Goliath Cain killing son killing the lion a man bacle running a spear clear the body of a man etc etc These Idling scenes on the churcb which claims to peaco and meekness are IYappropriate aint they I eso of this dral In some respects in that you may have some slvo idea of it I havo seen of this cathedral all my have read about It but to view it found that I had jhenslon of it at all Other Churches I visited several other but they are all alike in iota All have some Ics in their crypts and other catch devices from get their graft In the Ambrogio they have an front being made of gold the sides with sliver plates little bas reliefs They francs to see this barbaric up in honor of a poor gar and I wouldnt pay it derground chapel contains of three saints Theso 111m St Annes bone in to the people only twice a which time all the sick Graft graft graft The Last Supper In an old convent churcb of St Marla dello celebrated fresco The Last by Leonordo do Vinci You seen this picture Jesus and tles are all sitting on one rude table When people generallY sit all around Jesus of course is the attraction painted with tho oozing out of him On his St John who looks like a Is reverently bowing his never could understand why gavo the rest of the tough looking mugs and painted St John as looking buxom big busted voluptuous But John was the best know Well at last I had original of this wonderful nl r CV about 15 by 20 feet and painted n wall It has suffered from ex aml In places Is almost obUt It hasnt any merit and nev did havo any picture you seoI steel cuts Is only n restoration prominence of tho picture Is duo tho Do Vinci being the artist and ho was first to conceive and paint subject It Is about on a par uncorrupted saints and Annes hone Catholics talm any crazy old painting and mako big hullabaloo over it and the Protestants imagine it must bo great and but In at once buy it I expect that tho traffic this old daub would foot up two or million dollars or more Protestantism In Italy It will bo a matter of Information know that Protestatism Is maldng In Italy Thero are two Jewish congrega the Wesleyan Methodist of England Wesleyan Chris Ian Methodist Episcopal Valdese Bvangollcal Italian Evangelical The Church of the Brethron the British and Foreign Blblo Society All these establishments In the growing spirit of tolerance tho gradual disintegration of tho ld superstition There arc also lome charitable institutions The G n and French residents cave formed TjoTloftelalspcietles and immiuiimr yuvuiinnuui is found- rphanages and homes for the aged The church In America boasts of er charity beggar that she alway She manages to keep up her- titutions In because she is compotlng ith Protestatnlsm Hero in Italy ever did any thing for charity nor Dunded institutions of any kind Sho orsolf was the great object of char y Now she will have to keep pith Protestantism and the state orI so out on tho charity trick I dont ce how she Is going to do it as she as a hard time to live as it is and eoplo are getting on to her racket he might in a pinch sell some of cr crowns jewels and gold altars Various Views- I will not have space to tell you of very place of Interest I visited bul ill just mention a few I was In the ring or bed room of the late Com ser Verdi which contains all of his jrsonal belongings Ahl this to me as a shrine Hero was harmony st and peace If there is any music the world which more than an her Inclines me to the belief in an her life it is Verdis Miserere from opera of the Trovatore It does rt seem to be music of this lIfo hen hear it stop all other thought and as I listen it seems to o that it is a voice a soulful sym lony of some departed lovo or friend stealing out of the mysterious void turning to the habitations of Its old ne world affections Of courso I visited all the museut id art galleries tho Brera Acaden Arts being the finest It is near all of the sacred characterjmost superstitious daubs No Human bo g having the love of life and the lautlful In his soul would want to go a heaven having such Inhabitant these old masters painted courso there is some very fine art to seen The monument to Leonardo Vinci in the Piazza della Scala perhaps the finest piece of sculpture arcade Is the largest in the- world It is in the form of a cross running two squares each way the center is a dome 180 feet high Its interior Is finished In marblo and decorated with numerous pieces of sculpture and painting It is almost as great a wonder as tho cathedral The Castle To me was the greatest wonder Milan The cathedral is great in way but as there are so many other great cathedrals each cheapens the- otber But I have seen nothing In magnitude nothing to Inspire such wonder horror and mightiness of an clent power as this castle It was the residence of the ancient dukes llIJan and is a combination of fortress palace and buildings of stat situated right In center of the- city and covers 30 to 40 acres Its- walls and towers are 80 to 200 teet- high Within are the palaces arm- orles store houses stables and ape courts large enough to contain army of 50000 men and munition and provisions to withstand a long Inside and outside are thousands of port holes A deep moat circled the entire fortress sere you see how thoso ancler dul swayed the people They kept all arms in the castle and if the- peoplo uprose they Just closed then in and were prepared at all greatIof the Duke and the priest is over iothought and commerce tho great civilizers have cast their might shadows over Italy The great Duke are no more The mighty fortress and- palaces aro now turned into museum and art galleries It is tho oddes queerest place I have ever visited pass through the great walls and from- court to court Tho thousands portboles peer everywhere On all sides are stern reminders of ancient slego and conflict Tho ramparts frown the battlements strike terror to the soul I think of battering ran and sword and shield and battloax and the bloody corpsegorged moat I step into a palace door and all ii changed Here are displayed the soft enlng refining influences of art great galleries of sculptures and paintings museUlDS of archaeology and nnthro- pology great rooms containing collec tlons of china ivory modals bronzes fl1rnltures old documents designs engravings tapestries ancient arms- jewelry glass codes parchments coins sclentltlcal works and his tori cal archives of tho town Napoleon Again OUe groat room is devoted to poleon What a wonderful personality that man possessed Ho conquers Italy makes himself her ruler sets his government hone in Milan Inv proves tho city builds a great arena for tho pleasures of th people and I l r ifl VERY CHEAP RATES VIA ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAilROADj LOUISVILLE TO flew 1520 Jackson Miss and Return 1360 Hammond La and Return 1520 Vicksburg Miss 1430 Correspondingly low rates to Intermediate points Tickets sold November IStb good 21 days with stop over- sEXCURSION RATES TO HOT SPRINGS ARK fDAilY Only line running through personally conducted sleepers Louisville to Texas Arizona and California Reduced one way Colonist and home seekers excursion rates to points South and West first and third Tuesdays In each month 4FARMING IN THE SOUTH I The Passenger Department of the Illinois Central Railroad Company Issuing monthly circulars concerning fruit growing vegetable gardening stock raising dairying etc In the States of Kentucky West Tennessee Mississippi and Louisiana Every Farmer or Homeseeker who will for yard his name and address to tho undersigned will be mailed free Clrcu lars Nos 1 to 11 inclusive and others as they are published from month to month Call on or address nearest railroad Agent or address F W HARLOWDIVISION PASSENGfiRJUJENT LOUISVILLE KENTUCKY Manl Lanl l1LallI Man And for him whose acreage is limited because he cultivates a high priced farm There fo vast tracts IN THE GREAT SOUTHWEST Within stons throw of farms In the highest state of cultivation which are practically manlpss and can be secured at onefifth to onetenth the market price per acre of an Old State farm Write for Illus trated literature descriptive of Arkansas Indian Territory Oklahoma or Texas i VERY LOW ROUND TRIP RATES To any Southwestern point every Tuesday in September and the 1strand 3rd Tuesdays in October and November It r JGEO H LEE G P A Little Rock Ark i HI McGUIRE P A Clnclnatl Ohio t d today one of the greatest archos In the world stands near this palate Icated to his memory A great room Is set apart filled with statues portraits and other mememtoes to hls honor Strange isnt it that this con querer of the Italian people should be sot up as one of their political gods Not strange either He ImpriSoned the pope He made peasants 1r1nces He made butchers sons grand marshals He made commonerS Klngs He said to the Kings of earth make such things as you He gave the Italian people tho first glimpse of Democracy He mado them feel that tho best anti bluest blood flowed In tho veins man of mer it no matter what his birth That one accomplishment was a mighty thing In his day It gave new life awe ened new agplrations to an enslaved people Though bloody was hispathway through tho world the common people felt and knew that ho stood for them He was their king Ho made them feel that they were above the Pope 1not under him The Kings of the c rth said if wo permit this man to go on making princes and kings of common ers the masses wilv soon lose all respect and reverence for royal bIQOlIWo must combine tit down the people soon will rule we re not fighting Prance tWty wero light Ing Napoleonand the spirit of Democracy for which he stood Since I have seen how a people he conquered has honored him word than ever am the greatness of his achievements for humanity He simply broke up the blue blooded Idea which was attached tdtho King and the Aristocrat and that was enough for ono man to do f Tho Catholic chqrch has held him up to eternal disgrace on account of divorcing Josephine tho only woo man he ever loved Because the Catholic church has used this against him Is one reason why Freethinker should regard It differently The facts are that tho French people not Napoleon demanded tho dlvorco and Josephine of her own free will naked it If she waseatlsflctl every pro else ought to be She was on the groun and knew the right thing to do Be sides sho had consorted with other men and Napoleon knew it hoping to get an heir and thus ceive him There Is no room for sent meat In that divorce It Is all Catlu lie rot and sho was as much his wlfo after the divorce as she was before Under the circumstances Napoleon was extremely considerate Hborti and constant It Is truo that Napoleon was tho Impersonation QtIh rce and murder So was Wellington and all those who combined against this ono man Th force which Napoleon Impersonat ed was that which led to liberty of Freedom of speech and reprsesenta live government force Imper mounted by Wellington led to the op poslte England today Is where she was then France today is a Ropub lIc and Napoleon the Republics Idol Thats the difference Unlike Mr In jersoll I would rather not go down to ffr fj Z t the ton ueless silence of the dream less night than to have boon leon Tho tongueless silence NapJdreamless tonic night is only pretty In my opinion Napoleon erick the Great Gustavus Adolphust Bruno Luther Voltaire Cromwell Washington and Lincoln was the man who fit the time The results show It Sd again I say Vivo le Napoleon Ho was one of the great Freethinkers of the world My next letter will be from VeniceJ Now I go to a city full of historic in terest a city unllko any other in tho world and I expect to havo something rich to tell you of It J B W SANKEY IS BLIND A friend sent me some good pictures of eJrusalom Among them Is one of Sankey tho famous gospel singer posing on the tower of David mud one of him posing In the garden of Gethsemano At the same time I have a newspaper clipping saying that Sankey 1s YGodare of pus old friends WATSON HESTON AND WIFE SUFFERING FROM POVERTY I have received front Warren Wolf a printed circular dated Ryan Ind Tel Oct 301901in which he prints a letter from Cathage Mo Oct 5 1904 signed Mr and Mrs Heston 4 and tolling of the bad health and pov irty of the Infidel calrcaturlst and his the bottom of the circular are the words The world Is my country humanity my people to go good my ellglon Tom Paine On the bottom of the circular Is mitten as follows Dear Mr Moore This Is selfexplanatory I am tho road day and night but I am Ing to push this for al It Is worth give It all publicity possible Let us re Corn our record In tills Instance indly send me somo names that I may write personal letters to and bilge me Yoprs fraternally WARREN WOLF t In his circular Wolf says Now low Liberals words are superfluous remember how we treated IL L Green and wife and dont let this be another such case- 3ubscriptloas r to this publication re- not discontinued at expiration unless 80 ordered oy the subscriber The courts Invariably hold a subscriber responsible to the publisher for the ibscrfjitlon price of all papers eived until the paper Is paid for up to date and ordered discontinued WANTEDSalesmen local and general reaching the pump and well supply trade on recently patented well speclalU08 of great merit Huhs- Ma eo J4Mlu w1L tif 1l f 7FJr h