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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 6, 1906. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1906 blu1906050601 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 6, 1906. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1906 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. f Y i l V I1 4illd T t 1 f oi tJ t tIJ f f it rnC IFiBit1Et GRSSS BLADEr i J 1 i ftlehsndrA cbS poi WE AIM TO CUT DOWN ERROR AND ESTABLISH TRUTH IfVOLUME XV NUMBER 5 LEXINGTON KENTUCKY SUNDAY MAY 6 1906 PUBLISHED WEEKLY 100 A YEAR IN ADVANCE 7JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher i TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION V One issue for one year 100 in advance In clubV of FiVe NEW subscribers 50 cents each J- TerHis4100 per year in advance foreign sub H fgvfciion 150 per year vlTiYi new subscribers sent for one year for 2507- a ar BlendyOur subscription by registered letter post i office or express money order New York draft i affil if personal checks are sent add collectibi m chSrges as local banks charge for collecting ttaklZalt orders drafts checks etc payn y bletoiJaines E Hughes Lexington Kyd i sWhen y q address advise this ot11q tfoidas well as the new address u oiir ubscription say whether K dr old subscriber r e 1n tSJk p eraw show f o and rye eean tui iiin the oraMd l Stigoriocr f The courts invariably hold a subscriber respon sible to the publisher for the subscription price j of all papers received until the paper is paid v for in full and up to date and ordered discon tinued Office of Publication is located at 153 W Short St Lexington Kentucky Entered at the post office at Lexington Kentucky as Second Class Mail Matter Address all communication to Blue Grass Blade P 0 Box 393 Lexington Kent- uckyEDITORIAL 1111111111 + ++ ++ J i 1- lr i i r k 11++++++++++ MHMHMIM + 141 + 14 +oJ Get busy and do something f bDOllt wait for opportunity the time to begin is now V 1he agitator is not necessarily a public enemy tfor it is only from agitation that human progress dpossibler tSloo many Christians are short on Charity and long on prayers kindnesssoursl brand of the milk of human awful easy c withwa gets religion and ho is ready to begin a persecution of those who entertain different opinions Jr In an unpublished communication to the Blade ehronrt e withftJir While men may differ as to what should be destroyed and what should be preserved all will readily concede that what is notoriously untrue should r be waged unrelentless war upon This being true we should not hesitate to assail the fabled falsehoods of religion r Could the Christian world inaugurate its belaud ed age of faith every spark of sentiment would perish in the pitiless atmosphere that would follow The word DUTY would disappear from Ihuman vocabulary Modern religionists are forever mistaking shadow for substance the acciden tal for the essential the fanciful the artificial for i pthc real Freedom of thought has ever boon the r great pulsing heart of the body social the very powethatd r and the race falls back into primordialsavagery aY sr t The world is growing better but it will never be counted a success until we have more men who ancestry1Vepolicy player We want men who Caesarlike dare tcltg oybeard tttii lrath though it cost them a crown sit s r 1DR WILSONS ROME BOOK t Manysubscribers are getting impatient for the Rome Book and are writing about It in every snail We are glad to announce that the book has been printed and is now in the hands of the binders At a fair estimate it should be ready for mailing in ten days aura we shall lose no time in getting it out The delay has been caused by the that the book has been made considerably larger than was originally intended j Modern Christianity is rapidly becoming so mat er of fact that its adherents practically demand aavritten covenant with God before they will con descend to worship him They want to be assured jn advance of a handsome dividend in the hereafter ilea their prayerful investments made in this world To make God acceptable thousands of pro fessing Christians refiiire thin he receive the per 0nal endorsement ofa particular preacher It MOultl take a mighty sharp frost to kill off the jerins of original sin that has taken root in such learts of stone and flint Yet this is modern Chris Steeped in such rank idolatry is It any fender that the land is filledwith Freethinkers f Reader The Blade needs your help Current levejits have demonstrated that you cannot snub 1Jf earthquake nor induce an active bufczsaw to wait for an introduction Bills for running ex ipOnses must be met and promptly paid These will not wait upon our convenience If only twen tyiive per cent of our delinquents would pay up we coiijd be placed on Easy Street These are facts niid facts are said to be stubborn things Many ofor subscribers write complimentary of the Breserft ppearance of the Blade and wish it un Jdtohcle success and prosperity To keep the Blade rs n standard of excellence teq1ire in lgnnd Fn dlt over 2O0 cj1liinprs flU s il tq mnkryntl Wnds meet but with your help we will do it Happiness does not altogether depend upon our selves A great deal depends upon our surround ings The extremely pious man imagining his soul has been saved tend is happy when sur rounded by misery is a worthless wretch who has no sympathy with his race The thinking man feels that there is something so darkly painful and so deeply wrong in Christian society that to reflect upon it casts a bitter in the brightest cup The Bible does not remedy this It cannot The ex pensive organization of the church does not touch it That religious enthusiasm so frequently calle increasejtof which leads to insanity The man with an empty pocketbook finds it exceedingly difficult to put a cheerful face on everything Freethought insists however that to mean well and to do well is to de serve well DEATH COMES AGAIN It is with heartfelt regrets that the Blade is com pelled to announce the recent death of Mrs Charles C Moore Jr the wife of the eldest son of our late esteemed editor No sooner has the hand of death passed over one member of the family than it falls again to take away a young and beautiful life Death is snd at all times sad even in old age bu sadder still when as now it lays its withering blight upon one who has not yet reached the sum mer of life With her it was yet spring for the meridian hind not been crossed The death of Mrs Moore took place in Washing ton Tuesday last April 24th It followed an operation for appendicitis at the Washington Memorial hospital She was but 31 years of age and leave- a bereaved hufband and son Charles Chiltou age eight years to mourn her loss Her remains were brought to Lexington and laid in the cemetery near those she loved and who loved her while living MOORE MEMORIAL PAMPHLET Although we have not yet received a sufficient numbe of subscriptions to even pay the cost of publishing the proposed memorial pamphlet to the late editor of our paper Charles C Moore we are not deterred from our purpose This week will seethe nemorial pamphlet in print off the press and in the mails We have striven to make it worthy of Mr Moore in every way regardless of loss on the publication No less than a thousand ought to be sold and distributed nye tens of thousands for with the rustler it contains it becomes an valuable missionary document raid should be wide ly read Those who have already subscribed for the memorial will receive their copies before the next issue of the Blade istint Those who have not subscribed should do so at once The memorial costs only 15 cents per copy or 10 copies for 100 We are pre pared to fill any order on demand t 11 LHENRY DEMAREST LLOYD Sidents of sociology will find much of interest in tinew work of Henry Dcmarest Lloyds re flantteyearsbfVfcjibelieve it was lolstoy the Russian philoso once said that the social problem could be solved if five men naming them could get to gethdrjand talk it out Lloyd was one of the five wi an ardent advocate of improvement in the social Lpnditions of labor lie was born in New Yorl3ty and although intended for the bar he wasiwept into journalism during the famous Twcea campaign and later became a financialwrit er of ability on the Chicago Tribune It was he wlro wrote the first big rant sensationalexpose of th SJnndnrd Oil Company soon afterwards de signafficf the Giant Octopus which appeared in surprisedttrail learn if he could Mr Lloyds intentions This met might never have been made known but thnttse detective laughingly told Mr Lloyd about it sofa years later Whei the seven men were tried in Chicago for inplicaton in the dynamite outrages in the Hay markeTiots in Chicago Mr Lloyd was drawn into the succeeding legal tattle because he protested seven men being tried as one criminal He became the sincere friend and champion of the laboring man and the rest of his life thereafter upliftingpersonal investigations into the condition of labor Out of this grew his previous literary ef fortsLloyd wed in 1903 after an arduous year in which lie fended the anthracite coal miners and made nil exhaustive analysis of the municipal ownership issue alien pending in Chicago 1 fPARSONS AND POLITICIANS The Dliglitened governments of modern times goycrnujfeiifsyhere the ruling power is vested in tlie peplfo hay + been due only to a ceaseless strug sumpjioiwoftrhj1an ingestion of clerical influences in the functions that pertain to government mischievous results have invariably ensued Clerical interference with government has ever been a source of weakness confusion and danger to n nation that leas tolerated it and church rule has spelled ruin for every nation that has been unfortunate enough to be cursed with it Church members are complaining more or less that our political relations towards the Filipinos savor too little of titular Christianity Do the com plaining parties forget that for over three centuries the entire Philippine Islands were steeped in th yeardthe real rulers of the Filipinos were the friars at the head of which sat nu archbishop and what was atiuthorityThutary authorities in Manila and elsewhere through out the archipelago were thwarted and handicap presumptiouschurch in China it is the church and again in France the church is in armed conflict with the civilauthorities In every instance it is the Chris tian church The bloodshed that is reeking throughout the Russian empire today the revolt of political de aretand imbecile policy of its socalled holy synod Has not the Russian church insisted that it is the chief duty of the Tsar through his soldiery to force its brand of saving grace upon innoffensive Jews We can go ii little further back and in England we find Canterkreigndt dissension Now what is our government doing in regard to China9 The Chinese are simply protesting against the audacious claims of Christian missionaries that they are superior to the civil authorities and pre sume that they who are foreigners in China am to China have a right to administer n law all o their own making Have not the Chinese a right to protest Would they be deserving of the slight est consideration by the other nations of the world if they did not protest Is it not represented to the State Department at Washington that the re cent riots and loss of life were due to the action o certain Catholic missionaries who assumed both civil and judicial functions not permitted to the church under existing treaties f This being the case can any blame attach to the Chinese It is of the utmost importance to the liberty of the Chinese and to American trade that China be made and kept in tact yet the death of two missionaries has furnished Emperor William with an excuse to sieze a whole Chinese province If we would ascertain just what evil influences have boon exercised upon nations and peoples by reason Of the interference of the church with gov 11 ernmental affairs we have only to listen to the genIeral voice of history Innumerable examples are fuurnished Only two centuries ago the revocation of the edict of Nantes at the dictation of the Jesuit advisers brought wholesale ruin upon France dur ing the reign cf Louis XIV Their religious zeal drove out of that country into the arms of Eng land and Holland many of the most skilled anti J zans who were Protestants such as silk weavers clockmakers printers etc who barely escaped with their families and the wrecks of fortunes made in trade At the instigation of Christian church men Ferdinand and Isabella christianized Spain and lit up the holy fires of the Inquisition In this particular case the Moors who held the enlighten ment of the civilized world in their hands at that time were driven peal mell out of the country It was from these very Moors whom the world re ceived the science and art of medicine astronomy algebra and even the art of heating buildings Under such a rule of the church the Spanish treas f t ury could dole out money for the burning of here tics but not a sou markee for Columbus So insuf ferable did the church become in France that its power has again been broken and its claims repudiated France the home of Diderot Renan and of Lafayette a nation that has been conspicuous in art science and literature has deliberately turned its back upon the presumptions clerics and will no longer perinit the education of their children to remain in the hands of those whom the nation has declared to be incompetent and pernicious For just an instant let us cast an eye upon our most prosperous Southern neighbor the republic of Mexico We find that she has advanced by leaps and bounds taking giant strides in her progressive march but it has been the direct result of the policy of Diaz who cried Hands Off to the clericals and has given the Mexican people a regime that has been pronouncedanticlerical Italy shook off the papal yoke in 1870 and she has showed not the slightest sign of governmental weakness since Even China is moving in a similar direction for it is recorded that Tuan Su the vice demeritytothe four books and five bibles of Confucius are valueless compared with a science primer and he has suggested in amemorial to the Son of Heav JnnndJr h iuG Iu = terror theCliinarfian to substatuhecnprimer for his religious books Tints the outlook for continued church control at home and missionary effort abroad is neither very bright or very encouraging But the church will go on robbing confiding childhood of its pen nies and struggling widows of their mites to keep up an army of luxurious idlers whose chief mission 1awidely applicable that charity begins at home As the roving eye of the missionary is to be depre toevestssCURE FOR INFFIDELITY GIVEN BY A LEXINGTON PREACHER For the first time since his arrival in Lexington now some months ago we went to hear Dean W T Capers of the Episcopal church preach his weekly 1 sermon last Sunday morning It was not alto gether a waste of time for the sermon wa ine that could be describedas being calculated co furish thinking men and women with abundant material for thought and argument We were convinced eveninsincerity which is more than can be said of most or thodox preachers Still the thought and the argument as well for that matter was that his sermon suggested an attempt at ornamentation rather than r conviction n lack of wholesome reasoning ability and a fervent desire to grasp at any old straw that might be handy and convenient to bolster a weak and trembling faith Somehow we felt that the sermon had been written or selected for our especial benefit and this made us all the more interrested At the very out set he told his hearers that he stood full panoplied and invested with a sure and certain cure for iufitr delity in his hands Had this been really true and d Dean Capers could have lived two or three centuries ago he would doubtless have been rewarded with meanf jtheseed in destroying the baccilli of honest scepticism and prove the truth and power of his discovery church would immediately canonize him and therj frod hat of Cardinal Gibbons would dwindle and fade before his divine vestments simplygivingcure for modern infidelity he declared lay in The personal attractions of Jesus Christ whatever they may be For proof he conted himself with relying upon the scriptural story of the doubting Thomas the demand made by him for substantial givensContinued on page four first column ii iJ I f w r I t PROF HAECKEL IS- NOT A CHRISTIAN Evangelist Torrey Is Given Another Set back for PromuTgatlng a Religious Fake Personal Letter from the Eminent German Scientist Never Expects to Become Converted to Christianity Writing to a student In Philadelphia Dr Ernst Haeckel the great German scientist takes exception to the state ment that he has been converted to Christianity He writes that he Is quite convlnceed that he will not be made to change his Idea on the subject fore ho dies What may happen after that time he leaves open to conjec ture Like the man from Missouri the learned man wants to be shown the way and wherefore before he re nounces a belief he has upheld for years and taught many others to be hove Dr Haeckel also denies em phatically that he Is eightyfive years oldThe statement was made at the TorreyAlexander meeting of March 26 in the Academy of Music that Dr Haeckel had seen the error of his ways and was open to conversion Dr H Karl W Kuuiiu honorary Gen eral Secretary of the Soudan United Mission a former pupil of the savant of the University of Jena said he had taken tea with Dr Haeckel two years ago and that the traveler and natural 1st then totd him he would like to change many of his earlier writings and was open for an acceptance of the Truth which Dr Kumm gave the pression was the generally accepted teachings of the Bible The report of the meeting was read by Hyman Schor a young Austrian who is working his way through Temple College in this city Schor Is now studying pharmacy as a means to becoming a naturalist and has read many of Dr Hqeckels works on evolution and klndfed subjects Knowing that none of his cent publications had shown a tendency to accept Christianity Schor wrote to Dr Haeckel and asked him about the truth of Dr Kumms re marks He enclosed a clipping of the newspaper account of the meeting A reply was received from Professor Haeckel who thanked Schor for calling his attention to the subject The letter was written in English with an occasional German interpola and read as follows klionl Zoologlsches Institute Der Unlverstat I Slffc Jena t D Jena April 1906 Dear Sir The curious story of my Christian conversion told by Dr Karl Kumm In the meeting of the Torrey Alexander mission March 1906 and quoted in the newspapers the 27th of March Is a pure invention of Dr Kumm I do not remember the visit of it two years ago and certainly I have not said to him that I had giv en up my monistic conviction This remains always the same since fifty years ago In the end I am quite con vinced that I may never be converted to Christianity before my death- I am now not elghtynve but seventy two years and possess today yet the same monistic philosophy which you know from my books The false report that I have perfectly changed my monistic conviction is caused by falsification of a Jesuit reporter He telegraphed on occasion of my first Berlin lecture April 14 1905 to London and New York that I recognized toe error Instead the truth of Dar I winism etc You find the explanation of this mystification in my last oook Last Nvords on Evolution London Owen 1906 page 125 the English translation of my Berlin con ference on the Entwucklungs Gedant ken Berlin Relm Co 1905 find the whole story of my perl sonal development and my scientific activity In the new book Just publish ed by T Fisher Unwin London 1906 Haeckel His Life and Work by Joseph McCabe formerly a priest and Franciscan monk translation by Wll r liam Bollscbe Faithfully yours jERNST HAECKEL The remarks attributed to Dr Kumm In the newspaper clipping were In his last lecture in Berlin this winter the last lecture he will ever give according to his own statement Haeckel leftthe way open for him self to accept the Truth and It would not surprise me If he did see and ac cept the great Truth before he passes away Into the next world After a long life devoted to solving the Riddle o fthe Universe he has come to a place where he knows nothing and it Is possible he will die a believer I studied under him at Jena I stud- Ied until I had no peace and no light and no hope And then after twot whole nights spent on my knees ins the New Testament I saw the Light and came Into such place and such hope as It only can give Two years ago I was passing through Jena and I stopped to see Haeckel He membered me and asked me to stay- a d take tea with him I did and 1 during the course of the meal I told him I wanted to ask him some ques tions He said I might- asked him if he still felt convinc ed at the truth of his position He answered hat there were many things In his writing which he had changed his mind about and that he would to have a chance to change some o the statements he had made at var ious times And he ended the conversation by saying he knew nothing So am forced to believe that he may yet make a radical change and come around to the Truth And If he does think what It will mean Think how many young men he has led astray through his teaching Why I self have known several youths who committed suicide because they could not see any hope in his teachings There Is no reason why Haeckel should not come to the Light He says he Is a seeker after truth and God says he that seeketh shall find Dr Torrey had been speaking on Infidelity Its Causes Its Conse quences and Its Cure and In intro ducing Dr Kumm said Now am not so much a preacher as a Iwayer and a good lawyer ale ways rests his case on the evidence therefore am going to present to you today a living evidence of what Christ can do for an Infidel shall give nip tlma to Dr Kumm who for several years sat at the feet of that most famous of presentday infidels Haeckel and who Is now a Godfear ing Christloving man Ho can tell you more about infidelity than I could and he is here to do it Hyman Schor the student who wrote to Dr Haeckel has frequently taken exceptions to the evangelical at tacks on the Darwinian theory and expressed his views through the cor respondence columns of The Bulle tin He Is twentyfour years old and a native of Galacla Austria Since coming to America six years ago he has supported himself and studied at night in furtherance of his desire to become a learned man He will be graduated with the pharmacy class of Tempe College this year and expects eaJ Ivanla to study botany and biology in September He resides at 527 Vine st MAN BUT A LINK IN THE CHAIN No Genuine Reform Is Even Favored By the Church Its Debasing In fluence Must be Over come By REUBEN HARVEY MITCHELL The following well written article Is reproduced from the pages of the eral Review a monthly magazine de voted to progress and reform For one who has been trained in the way of believing there can be no ad vancing movement unaccompanied by retrogression Like the tide of waters that roll In from the great ocean oven so is the process of mans progressive thought and conviction The great wave rises and moves forward beyond the trodden shore Intelligence and thought roll in upon the Inner sciousness and truth is revealed arid accepted Yet like the watery wave recedes to the seething edge of oceans tide the mind recoils and is backward by all the power of times generations that moulded its organic nature in feeling habit and will Yet soon gathering force the advancing Is renewed the forward movement Is more impelling and in tellgenceand devotion at length pre vail and with entire harmony of moral action the position is maintained And from the rising seas of past experience come ministrations to constancy and aspiration The noblest qualities be come assimilated with clearer truth that enlightens the life on the highlands of the ever free Thenceforth avenues to progress are ever opening to the mind sincere and from flower and song and all natural revcallngs come assurance and benedictions In the stress of sorrow and of pain So Nature in her universal activity of movement sways the Inner and outward lives of all her creatures and with her own accompllstments el lumes the world In truth It Is a fact In human life that willpower are the instruments of hu deeds And all of them are crea ions of forces that do not primarily originate within the individual man They are resultants of the action of world forces Given his lifeforce of endowment and a mans course of thought and action Is controlled by his feelings and desires These in turn are moved and modified by his envir onment they constitute his power t tf choice his freedom to doiUs essity rather is thus in his entire range of exlstencIAn intelligent know all that may be posslbleiof our lives and to accomplish rightly what truth shall direct Man is but a link In the chain of cause and effect In the beglnnlugless and endless evolution His character and deeds are not his alone but are inevitable sequences and antecedents of change Let not too much be said of mans own greatness within or real ized to others For he may be able simply to appreciate a greatness and gocdness which he cannot make his own Herein Is the admirable that ho dreams of such goodness epitomefduced Individual we may hope is pos sble to the family of man The aged man of experience surveys his past im partially notes his dullness of char acter in the receding years gone by perceives his continued identity the same yet not the same Far other thoughts are now his own All emo tions of realty and sentiments then In embryo are deeper now more true more kindly more exalting Con science is now unforblddlng but ever strong and harmonious with ideals of gentlest bravest unselfish life Time and development by pain and strug gle bereavement and loss or higher joys have evolved a permanent char acter of his own that he perceives Is uplifted beyond the earlier years or that which created the longings mo tives and designs Involved in mid lifes triumphs and defeats Soas the dividual has been raised above him self may not we likewise reasonably conclude that mankind may also rise as successions of generations shall pass away It is the man of originality who leads In the procession of progress Each member of the conventional mass may be his equal in the suds of endowments But they are all of a piece They cannot they will not be otherwise They are subservient to an inherited bondage of will and temperament that compels a life in his own original course This way is made imperative and Is instinctively chosen The comprehensive Influences of his character Invoke and find their own in all things The wider truth the braver deed the nobler aspiration are his He must needs learn all that his compeers may know all that the multitude desire all that bigots make their pledge of being all that persecu tors form in devices To him the narI vsfit life fcssluvery agalastiflrirfeh lie rebels accepting convictions for per I sonal comfort and peace is immortal a living for safetys sake is swinish and unworthy of humanity He receives the frown of the church and the hos tility of society that suports that in sltutlon of supersitlon But he accel crates the movement ofa truer life In the narrow groove of shrinking re spectability his protest Is heard Yet for no objective purpose are his thought and speech but that Nature has so ordained a verity that challenges the false He Is a guiding star of hindrances to progress in true enlightenment there is none so powerful and so baneful as the influence of the church the church of all denominations and creeds Be tween orthodoxy and the more liberal there Is little choice in that they all ignore the spirit of truth and are indifferent to Its cachings And yet the affirmation that the church alone has saved mankind from sinking Into utter barbarism Is repeated with an assur ance tat overwhelms the judgments of men Truth ever truth only the excelent is the essential element In all real advancement and the reiterated claim of the church the great agency or demoralization is superb in insolence falsehood and selfpraise To a religionist the way of reform is by an appeal to all the morbid emotions of mankind But the rationalist would make the appeal the persua slon the argument to human reason to Intelligence and human feeding to truthloving sentiment with facts of real life made known The church has debarred men from a practical realization of their power and Ignorc ance of the nobler demonstrated truths has failed to elevate They are forbid den to act their better Inteligcnce and nobler reverence and to be true to truth Th prlsthood has effaced rue mentality and morbid perversions of feeling have blinded the moral light The natural goodness of aspiration hasJ been turned to Imaginary loving and unworthy veneration and unscrupu lous priestly guidance has bewildered the judgment in the makes of super stition No genuine reform Is favored by the church as an organization while every unrighteous deed of friendly power is fully sanctioned The debasing Influence of this for mutable institution of falsehood must be overcome Intellect and charac ter must be emancipated from theI thralldom of all the ages and still maintained by this spiritual organl zatlon Wo must the more sternly act In the spirit of justice and preserve our consciousness of a bqttcr way of life and perception of a noblergood 2 ness Man must first be free then enlightened and ever advance in the power of reality developed within his nature Act thyself Surely the man whose example uplifts the multitude must ever be upon the heights himself lest ho be submerged by numbers and lost in the abyss His purpose should be supreme In heart and mind and imperative upon his conscience His devotion Is not to any organization but to the right and truth revealed to knowledge No studied sophistry of churchly cant may avail It Is the hard task that is the est of sincerity thhe difficult duty prescribes the earn est faith The easy professional finds excuses In justification of nonperform ance and Inconsistencies of deed Not so the true man upright In spirit faithful to conviction and sharing with fellow men In devotion to humanitys Ideal advancement It must needs be true that the way of achievement for the Individual Is likewise the way of progress for the nation and race Social and political reform undoubtedly must contribute to the permanent aim the uplifting ofI character in rapacity to know and realize the best of human life The church seems willing to aban don almost any article of faith to long Its existence Indisputable truths of intellectual discovery and scientific thought cannot be ignored or ex plained away to subserve the love of power and block the path of progress Ideas must at last prevail Reason shall inform and teach the real By moral attainment shall right be con stituted and independent reflection and emotion shall create the will to convert knowledge and desire into deed And thus shall personal self- hood matte progress in higher movements of human consciousness For this we hope and watt TWO PERSONS NAMED JESUS Described In the New Testament The Qne Just the Other Unjust Col laboration of Data to Justify the Claim By SUSAN J PECK In reply to Wholl take this task in the Blade of April 15th I answer I will take It if permitted to and I feel sure that I can give satisfaction to Freethinkers and others II have lee publicly on the subject and now alter more than forty years of study am engaged in instructing prlvately class of students some of whom are clergymenI by stating that the Son of God and the Son of Man were not the same Perhaps I cannot do better than to use here a quotation from Richard Ransoms Challenge to the clergy Matthew gives the genealogy of one called Jesus a careful perusal of which will disclose the facts that the descent Is through Davids son Solo moo and that Joseph the husband of Mary is the son of Jacob Luke gives the genelogy of on3 called Jesus In which the descent is through Davids son Nathan while the Joseph whose son Jesus was supposed to be is the son of Hell proving that Matthew and Luke wrote of two different characters both the descendants of David and both called Jesus In comparing the two lists of namesd the one given in Matthew read as it is given while that in Luke should be begun with Abraham and traced backward to Jesus which coures pursued can leave no doubt in the mind of the reader Having thus proven that Matthew and Luke wrote of two different char acters I find my task well begun Let me now call your attention to the facts that the one written of in Mat thew was said to have ben born King of the Jews while the one of whom Luke wrote was born Christ of the Lord and as they differed In sentiment one being unjust though just- In name and the other being just in both name and sentiment it follows that their teachings would be contra dlctory Let us turn to Col iv 11 in which we read Jesus which is called Justus and now to Websters Dictionary where we find that Justice is traced to Its Latin root Justus and we have Jesus which is Justice and to Acts 12 Joseph called Barabas who was surnamed Justus and we have Joseph the Just In the passage referred to by Mr Shmld in which the Son of Man the unjust one who was called Jes us or Justice sent forth the twelve tolling them to go among the Jews only he was favoring a class You wll see that he did not bid them to hew wood or draw water or to work any kind of manual labor but ho told them to preach to become clergymen and to say as clergymen say The kingdom of heaven Is at hand Heal the stele cleanse the lepers raise the dead cast out devils freely ye have rcelved freely give They were being told to become doctors and to teach others to become doctors The dead never were and never will be I raised to life but in order that medl cal students might become doctors someone must raise tho dead and ere was money to be gained their chief object and little to be expended And they were told to provide neither money food nor clothing in any other way and they were further Instructed to compel persons to accept their ministrations and pay for them receiving the promise that the judgment day should be made more tolerable for Sodom and Gomarrah than for the city which should refuse We have the same conditions today As to the command to go and teach all nations Abraham was promised by what or whom can tell you later that a nation and a company of na tions should his descendants be and It was to them still the Jews that the eleven were sent to baptize In the name of he Father Son and Holy we read that Injustice falsely called Jesus or Justice promised to build his church on the rock or rocky hearted Peter further stating that the gates of hell should prevail against it which last is not to be wondered at when one has read xvl 23 But he turned and said unto Peter Get thee behnd me Satan plainly calling Pet er the devil which he must have known him to be Ananias and Sapphira fell dead at the feet of Peter and without doubt by Peters own hand as Sapphira was not even apprised of her husbands death but he was carried out and buried without her knowledge and she also was murdered in cold blood and burled wltnout ceremony And this Jewish Satan murderer extortioner and pretender Is tailed the chief saint of the present socalled Christian church and the keeper of the keys of Its future heaven but let us remember that even In the Bible we read There be gods many and lords many and Webster traces the word God in most languages to some root signifY- Ing to press or exert force which really makes the word equivalent to guide A king lord prince magistrate or judge was also a god or guide so Is the force in Nature my guide hence begun with a capital letter and the Bible writers did not forget the force or forces ofNature as Gods or Guides as I can show to you later but we can readily understand that among gods many lords many some at least must have been good and many were bad the god or guide whose name Is Jeal ous among the latter The inconsis tencles of the New estlment cannot be fully explalped without reference to tho Old as botk characters called Jesus were the dxr cndants of Abra ham and he the descendant of Adam not the first man but the roan first posed upon by another In certain matters who is mentioned In the DI ble NOTE REDUCTIONS Hampden 18 size Special ItWay 23 jls J2600 New RWay 23 Jls 24 Deuber Watch Co 21 Jls same 17 Jls Elgin VeriUs 23 jls 29 Father Time 21 jls2250 B W Raymond 19 Jls 20 B W Raymond 17 Jls 1850 Waltham Vanguard 23 jls 29 Crescent Street Jls 2260 Appleton Tracey Co Premier 17 jls 1850 same not Premier 16 The above guaranteed to pass R Way Inspectors Sundries Waltham P S Bartlett or Elgin Wheeler 17 Jla justed nickel same gilt same Hampden nickel 800 same not ad Elgin Waltham or Hamp en nickel 16 Jls Elgin or Wal tham nickel noncatchable hair spring Jls Hampden 7 jls gilt 460 Standard or Century 7 Jls Al the above In 3 or 4ounce sll verine case prepaid In silver or gold filled screw case accompanied by manufacturers and my guarantee for 20 years or in hunting case more In 25 year screw case or in hunting case 850 more than in all verlne case In solid gold case 10 to 50 more LADIES GOLD WATCHES Large size Elgin Waltham or Hampden 20year gold filled latest style artistic handchased 7 Jls 9 15 jls 11 16 Jls adj16 small o size Jls 1160 16 Jls 16 16 Jls adj 18 Riverside extra fine In 25year case 1 more In 14k solid gold case 10 to 60 more Latter with diamonds all in plush box prepaid with guarantee Send for prices of Watches not list ed Jewelry Rings Silver and Plated Ware Optical Goods and My Tract Theism in the Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN La Grange Cook Co Ill OBJECTS The Complete Separation of Churchand State L Property 2 the serrance a holyday craation of appropriating kite 8re sectarian purposesfor other State itltutiozi- The the oath in the courts and in other ai festival and prayer t That no diplomatic relations be with the or authority or that the into the Con atltutlon other cle I the to the Conltltullon 6 all grant lag sto 1i i If 1 REDUCED RATES To the United Confederate Veterans ReunIion at New Orleans April Tickets will rbe sold at greatly re duced rates via Queen Crescent Route April 22 23 and 24th limit to April 30th Upon deposit of ticketIand payment of 50 cents limit may be extended until May 21st 1906 Ask ticket agent for particulars UPTO DATE PAMPHLETI ON MARRIAGE AND DIVORCEBY JOSEPHINE Ka HENRY OF VERSAILLES KENTUCKY All orders promptly filled Price copy 25c 5 copies for 100 IEXPERIENCE 11DESIONS aendingaaketchanddescriptlonmay pntentnhle ationetrlctlyeondAentlalhandbook kontatents sent tree tMaciaencyforeecurlna Iatente taken t8iwithout eharee the Stitntifit lmericanAhandeomely llIutrntNt raraest rotation ot Terms 30 ll byall newsdlalera PMUNN CO30Broadwa nNew 5 st 50c YnrkT HIGHBRIDGE AND RETURN SUNDAY I MAY 6ITickets Good Leaving Lexington on Train No5 or on Special Train at 100 a m ti ru Dancing Pavilion Excellent Music Dining Hall meals both n to cnrte and table de hote Swings and Shelter Houses Ask ticket agents for particular A Good Route to Try It traverses a territory undeveloped resources a containing unlimited tcrrltoryIagriculture hortculture ing mining and manufacturing And last but not least it IsIThe Scenic Ifor Tourists The Frisco System now otters the traveling public excellent service andIfast time Between St Louts and Kansas City and points in Missouri Kansas Arkansas Qklahoma Indian TerriItory Texas and toe Southwest Between Kansas City and points hi Tennessee Alabama Mississippi Georgia Florida and the Southeast Between Birmingham and Mem phis and points In Kansas Arkansas Oklahoma Indian Territory Texas and the West and Southwest Full information as to route and rates cheerfully furnished upon appllIcation to any representative Company or toItiPassenger Traffic Da J1t 0itiit J t r r J ff J I MATERIALISM VS AGNOSTICISM POLEMIC TREATISE UPON BOTH MODES OF HUMAN BELIEF EX PLANATORY OF THE COSMOS AMERICAN MATERIALIST TAKES 4ISSUE WITH THE AGNOSTICISM OF PROF HUXLEY SCHOLARLY ARTICLE iByOTTO WETTSTEIN iImight as appropriately head this article Fact vs Fiction Knowledge vs Vagary Substance vs Shadow The InnnltoAll vs Nothing because this and nothing less than this Is what the present controversy Implies My critics think I have been unfair know too much am dogmatic con celled and havo been too severe in BrotherIposition as I understand It Is that the affirmation of a God or no God Is un provable hence all efforts at proof Is necessarily wasted energy But Prof Huxley said more He said Of all the senseless babble I have ever had occasion to read the demonstrations of those philosophers who undertake to tell us all about the nature of God would be the worst It they were not surpassed by the still greater absur dltles of the philosophers who try to prove there is no God And this ho said Rational expecta tlon and moral action are alike based upon beliefs and a belief is void of Justification unless Its subjectmatter lies within the boundaries of possible knowledge and unless Its evidence satisfies the conditions which exper lence Imposes as the guarantee of ere dlblllty nelthjy sum of phenomena presented to 1our experience the totality of events past present and to come Every event must be taken as a part of ture until proof to the contrary is supplied And such proof is from the nature of the case impossible Again Science is teaching the world that the ultimate court of appeal Is observation and experiment and not authority She Is teaching it the value of evidence she is creating a firm and living faith In the existence of immutable moral and physical laws perfect obedience to which is the highest possible aim of an intelligent be- Ing Again Does man originate In a ferent way from a dog bird frog or fish The reply is not doubtful for a moment without question th o inode of origin in the early stages of devel opment of man are identical with those of the animal immediately below him in the scale without a doubt he Is far nearer the apes than the apes Iure to the dog And again In the Interest of acre n tific clearness object to saying th d have a soul when I mean all while that my organism has certain mental functions which like the are dependent on its molecular cons poI sltlon and come to and end 1dieJ11osophershas been amply revenged Extinguish y i ed theologians lie about the cradle ofttevery science as the strangled snak estobesides that of Hercules What is this confession of faith but pure and unalloyed Materialism and tacitly and Incidentally Athens First he pronounces the demo stratlons of those philosophers w hohIs undertake to tell us all about God senseless babble This Implies that the combined logic and wisdom of tho church in all ages have not produced a solitary fact proof or sound jUdg- ment In favor of the God hypothesis Second ho Insists that a laiyoldmatter lies within the boundaries knowledge Conceding as he does prominenti I thisIin proves It an Atheist when he plainly states that Nature means neither mo this refers to the non existeaco of God nor less than that which Is w 8dealtsum of phenomena presented to experience the totality of event- past present and to come Even event must be taken as a part of ture not of a God until proof to the proIssible Has any Atheist In the In terest of scientific clearness ever produced a stronger and more direct argument against every possible con doherees nature exists no thing power or Ing outside or within It The an of phenomena known fo us being an controIthen after repudiating Theism from phaseIpoandman or the Bible God of parts and passions alone which he rejects but he throws overboard every agency force power or being more than nature over conceived within the brain of man Fourth he peremptorily rejects all authority not based upon observation and experiment Having affirmed that proof of a God from nature of the case is Impossible this proves him to have been an Atheist Fifth he Ignores entirely divine agency in the creation of man and insists that his origin Is vitually Identical with that of the lower animals pure Materialism Sixth he entirely repudiates soul and Immortal spirit speaking with supremo contempt of Spiritualism not hero quoted And last but not least to prove his hatred of theology ho lashes Its ponents by comparing them to the strangled snakes lying beside the cradle of Hercules All candid minds disposed and cap able to Judge the matter fairly must now see that I was not mistaken nor unjust In accusing Professor Huxley of gross inconsistency In lashing Athe ists for being outspoken In their lief when clearly an Atheist himself simply retaliated In selfdefence with this difference as all must see that was Justifiable In striking barifsthe after I together with all other Athe ists had been grossly Insulted Not content with ignoring the arguments of noble and honest coworkers in the cause of mental reformsuch men as DHolbach Strauss Duechner Spencer Bradlaugh Mill Haeckel Hum bodlt Goethe Feuerbach Kant Vol ney Rcnan Tyndall and of many others of our greatest scientists he lIberately Insults them and their memo ory by pronouncing their demonstra fleas even more absurd than those of the clergy whose theology he nounces senseless babble If not sycophancyrank hypocrisy and cowardicewhat Is It Preach- Ing Atheism and denouncing It In one breath Disseminating radical Ma terlallsm then defaming hose who and most earnestly endeavoring tore move the most gigantic obstacle In its path What jan It mean but crouching In abject fear at the feet of the massesmany of them no doubt the most influential men and women and many his dearest friends Again he said We are not here to Inquire what we would prefer but what Is truth In his own words I have plainly shown that he considers the truth to be that nature embodies within Itself the sum of all phenom ena the totality of all events neither more or less If this Is truth all con theories are selfevident and It then becomes empha cally his duty as a teacher of truth the interest of scientific clearness say so and not to plead Ignor and concede that there may bo more than nature there may be some greater powerI dont know Why atmsentiments selfovldently contrary to own ballet- Furthermore he plainly states that proof of the existence of any outside agency power or being Is In the ture ac of it Impossible When he says I discern in matter the promise and potency of all life Is this Agnosti clam or plain Materialism and Athe n If matter nature supplies all GodofIs not needed and a useless God Is no God at all If the learned professor then and cheerfully admit I am an Ignoramus comparison had had the honesty andYif aim and object of his life ho won have ignored the advantages of silence thrAworld and would not have In such equivocating babble textsun considerationy all Agnostics ards well knowing that many brave brainsfo a are adrift as on mid it ocean when confronted with the im or penetrable problem of cosmic existence and life If my critics will again read my first article which has called Ing theAso ungenerous they will see firemat atre of actual aspect not aend Its order activities and operations and who amd development and life is embodied in the substance or constituents which constitute all existence They know this simply because they know nothing to the trary and know that they cannot know anything else Whatever Is knowable is natural and whatever Is natural is knowable This does not necessarily Imply that the knowablo Is conceivable as I have shown in a former article We cannot conceive the Infinite but we can logically In fer it or know It by Inference know and all the world corroborates that twice two Is four Somebody says Twice two Is five Sean bio people will deny It foolish people will believe it but Agnostics of the Huxley school will say It Is senseless babble to say twice two is fly but It Is still more absurd to or to prove that twice two Is not five This Is precisely the logic and gument advanced by the great and learned scientist In the sentiment which I took the liberty severely to criticise But which Is the mute reasonable which the more honest toof Ignore entirely our own Judgment and follow blindly the announcement of a cnarlatan who affirms that he Is t Inspired agent of a God that it Is solutely true that twice two Is five and that we must believe It to bo saved or otherwise eternally damned or for the person who knows twice two Is four who has proved It selenI tlficdlly and mathematically to openly conceIvablemany deluded friends a sentiment not not only radically antagonistic to hisI own well known views but bitterly suiting those who share his scientific views with him As for me I am free to confess I have Infinitely more char- Ity and admiration for the poor CathI olio woman on her knees counting her beads and Invoking the blessing of Mother of God than I have for a hypocrite no matter how exalted his station Agnosticism when honestly enter taincd is mysticisma vestige of t inherited old BibleGod superstition Is simply anotner step In the evolution of religious thought It still refuses to seek and find in nature the prowl and potency of all life Still ll kesbody the hierarchy It Insists that the terles of nature are so profound th reason and logic compel us to Hasathethe existence of an prams Power which alone Is he cause of all cosmic activity and life but note well the mystery of Nhi ched Power and Us or his modes of ac n they fall to admit is infinitely greater and much less knowable conceded even by Spencerthan t mysteries confronting Us aridembbd led in nature Ignoring also the fact than an individual localized power no matter how conceived would be rldl culously inadequate and impotent toI cause and create simultaneously versally diffused cosmic activity In allisIts minor ordinary and highest gree The only logical and ration alme solution of the problem Is that thecould needed cogencies and forces are om nlpresent with and In matter th at5owhether there Is substance there is this power in other words that ea chcans atom Is the power which In greater or vfies and evolves spontaneously without I sentience or volition all cosmic phenomena How do know this I know it b cause It Is selfevident because it Isas positively the sum of all I do know the totality of all anybody knows hi 8can knownor can know If anybody knows to any more let him say so and If he c convince mo that his knowledge is correct will cheerfuly learn and to knowledge It This is not ranee itcan arrogance or dogmatism but the rule everybody should be governed by incal formulating his belief It Is belief in the simple a b c of science the simplest elementary fact concerning exls tence My opponents the mystery venders who Insist that there is an extraneous being or power which isnot the solo cause of the sum of all nomena but which assertion they sadly tail to prove these are tho egotists and dogmatists because they as c9ndbe I strictly confine my holier to fact to of e self evident to truth they be In phantasmagoria the able How do I know that matter Is the sole cause of all phenomena Because there is nothing but matter 4 Where there Is no matter there are no phenomena and when science nowa days can trace phenomena to th causes or analyze their Is always matter never spirit extraneous power Remove matt from the Infinite realms of space and naught would remain and I am unwill to concede that nothing can produce something I frankly admit my ignorance concerning the how matter has assumed an infinite system harmony and ordeq how it evolves worlds anlmaculate and flowers all 119 know is that It positively does Nobody has ever seen a God orother power outside 0 for hovqrlng around the matter who or which a la artificer does It all by his handiwork by hyp- notlc to or other process Then why are invest ah Invisible unknowaole my thlcal something wIth miraculous ers to cause all natural phenomena conceding we know not the how or first characteristic of this being or power and divest nature of its herent attributes ignoring the sical characteristics of matter and its marvelous chemical properties and affinities Is it not more rational to believe that the Great Infinite All of tangible existence causes all effects than that this is all dead inertia and that a my thlcal weknownotwhat manipulates and animates it by magical power of which we know nothing It is asserted sarcastically and ear includlv ng i piles that I pretend to know much that know nothing about Those who Judge me so do me a great Injustice and have not carefully read my argue ments ILpossess no learning an would not pretend to enter the arena discussion on scientific subjects All I know well Is how to repair a watch Judge a diamond gold or brass heIn this line I make pretensions The reason why am misunderstood Is cause I refuse to be mysteryrnon ger I confine my beliefs to the sim pie facts that know and the logical Inferences I obtain from them All I dogmatically maintain considering that no theory antagonistic to Mater Iallsm has ever been provenIs that we must confine our faith to the natural and in nature Itself seek the cauces of all events and life We have then fact and reality fdr a basis of our belIefsolid ground to stand upon but when we leave the domain of the natural wo soar in the realms of myths we worship a power which has no place In nature which is not needed in nature and which as the most eminent Theists admit being entirely incomprehensible and knowable involves us infinitely deeper in the labyrinth of mystery know not what mind is how the Itbody evolves or generates consciousness how mind acts upon the body or upon other bodies the nature of sight sound sensation etc All I know have never seen mind without aIneither can I conceive of mind bate the human body Is the ego and ego Is the human body Heremy wisdom and faith end Did I pretend to know more I might Justly be accus of the charges brought against ine by my critics A human being is born Into t evolyho es s causcandcfTcct Is purely physical I see it and know it When this being dies and Its organicstructure Is solved into Its constituent elements believe this identical being exists no more I believe death is death precise what It appears to be hence the no mystery whatever in death Did I believe the Identical man survive death mystery u mystery would Involve me concerning nature I am Ignorant concerning Its order modes pr etc but with Huxley I kno totality of events is natural at has a material basis We know abso lutelj not one fact to the contrary can conceive nothing Immaterial which Implies it is composed of noth ing because If something no matter subtile It must be material And It Is much easier for me to believe that a living physical body like mans generate or engender mind than believe a spiritual body composed caa n produce It so it Is far easier for mefleabelieve that Infinite eternal matter if produce all the various events of nature than to believe that a mythl God or power exists of which We ed know absolutely nothingwho or which can do It all If anybody should assert that the sun were Inhabited I would forthwith deny it because I know life can exist on burning bodies Therefore niten could not live In a burning crater or crematory oven for a moment Therefore all hypotheses conflicting with Materialism are positively false cause this is the science of all reallt every fact Hence the Material alone has a right to be dogmatic too= this science of all sciences all beyond this is Illusion and fiction BOXr THE BLADES 1 I A Heald Thanks for renewed terest in our paper and clipping We o shall comment next week on the Epls copal prayer Jas ElliottWe appreciate your work for and interest in the Blade The Torry item appears this week It a good one and Haeckels letter should be universally read Charles R KimberlyWe publish slip from Prof Tausch and being satisfied thin his Investigations ought leadIto good results Freethinkers encouraged to make such res ponce for f i r as they are able to his inquiries It appears In this column- S C Foglesong Thanks for new subs Thomas LorenzenYour cheery let ter is fully appreciated Dr T J BowlesThe Jaliat item Is in this issue The article may count for nfuch of the devllty committed under sanctification E H Mlchot The Blade Is absolutely a free lance and open to a fair discussion of all reform movements Susan J PeckYour first article given space this week and we sh be glad to hear from your frequently Do not exceed 300 words Our Signal Service Muncie Indiana The bad effect of religious revival meetings are very forcibly demonstrated in tho person of Colonel Jallatt of Englanda full a count of which written by Frederic- d Ryan and published In The Freethlnk er I send you for the benefit of Blade readers I think It may be safely stated that in every Instance where men and women are influenced by the senseless and idiotic teachings of orthodox religion the effects on their character and conduct are Invarably inischiev ous and bad We can not have a happy world tIl all the dogmas of the Christian ligion are completely eliminated fro the human mind and I rejoice th now as never before the monstrous evil of orthodox religion shows evl dent signs of rapid decay and ape proachlng dissolution In the goodly work that Is now Ing done for the destruction of this unmitigated curse the Blue Grass Blade Is performing signal and offs live servlceT J BOWLES Published With Pleasure Athens Ohio April 21 190Gllr James E Hughes EdltorI herewith Inclose you a sample slip being sent out to hundreds by my instructor in German In Ohio Universty He cannot hear from too many persons to please him as he wants his investiga flop to be as extensive as possible I isglue him credit with being quite eral toward all sorts of views on meta- physIcal matters and no one need to be in the least afraid of being treated unfair Prof Tausch has preached many sermons in various churches mostly U B and for aught that r know may preach some more but It is my opinion that he is about out permissionhein the Blade and I hope you will choose to do so Blade readers are of that clans whoso wInds have undergone great changes in regard to matters metaphysical and who can write out good and correct reasons for such changes and for the faith that Is in them especiallytovery sus youp0ngies too heavily for you to endure It as a regular thing May your endur occasionCHASd Freethinkers May Answer Ohio University Athens O beg your pardon for Intruding up on your time and attention I am lectIng data to be used as a basis for studying the development of different views of life You will often have thought about the questions as to whence we came whither we go and what wo are hers for will therefore greatly oblige me you write out such Information as you can recall about those periods in your past life when you were perplex over the purpose or meaning of your own existence and the world about you likewise about the times and occasions If any In which an old view of your relation to God and your fellowmen was confirmed or a new prospect opened before your Inner Ion If you will be kind enough to assist me in this matter I shall be glad to have you add to your narrative your age at the time of the experience toi your1st 1thatsimilar cases reported In literatureIwill be highly appreciated 5usemay result from the Investigation and believe me Yours gratefully PROF EDWIN TAUSCH j Our fee returned if we fail Any one sending sketch description of any invention mnrrninga1Jkstent sent request Patents secured jJaroughusadvertised for lIe ot specialnotfcrwithoutchargeIn9urPernaTRucoaq consulted by Manufacturers nndlllve torst r Send sample copy Address VICTOR J Patent Attortcs Evans Building f t itMETHODS I The Organization into a Political Y j Body CHAtt L the of in local courts bodes 2 ala of Br uniting with and assisting and or party justly for and political ex belieftmonopolysthe Initiative rights justice to al1Iin all mental by all other practical t libertyJusttlals a and neat must rest THE BEST LINE iI srsOacrn rn tr ChicagoIndiona SOlisPLouia slleBaildny r ONLY LINE TOTHE FAMDUSftEllTH OfJORTJ l t 125CIN- CINNATI AND RETURN VIA SUNDAY MAY 13 Special Train x LEAVING LEXINGTON 730am AskTiekeUgenUor Particulars r GREATEST DISCOVERIESL OF SCIENCE EVER MADEtGOD SATAN AND HOLY GHOST ARE NOTHING BUT CREATIONS OF FICTION HEAVEN AND HELL ARE ONLY MYTHS CON SCIOUS LIFE IS EXTINGUISHED AT DEATH The Church of Humanity teaches these great discoveries through itsrschoolThewriting Bookkeeping Commercial Arithmetic Penmanship and Spelling and The Truth About God In a general course of study given by the temporary International Instructor for the chrchtThe Church has 100 LIFE MEMBERS Ut wants 900 more to formally 1fj organize and Incorporate The first thousand members will be the foundersdand organizers of the CHURCH OF HUMANITY riIngChurch and it will std you In freeing them and In saving your posterity from becoming idolaters by teaching them The Truth About God tWrite to W H KERR 2210 Broadway Great Bend Kan for blank api iiplication for membership information about the college and send 26 cents ltn1a years subscription to the TRUTH ABOUT GOb Do it now f ls r Wi ft 1 4 Iit i r NU iJJJ r r It 1J 1 J Ft 1Editorial Continued from page one proceeded to argue that men and women should accept the evidence in this day and age what was supplied to doubting Thomas nearly two centuries ago To do so he urged would supply the long de sired cure for infidelityISuppose for the sake of argument only that all related of the alleged doubting Thomas incident be true what would it prove It would simply prove that while Thomas doubted and demanded ocular evidence ofa Risen Lord he personally became convinced But how is this to affect others Every infidel in the land is demanding ocular proofs today concerning the legends and myths that attach to the Christian system of relgion but their demand is in vairi It is not sufficient to point to the scriptures and ask that they be accept ed as an authority upon such a subject They are but the work of human hands the products of hit man labor and inventive genius Every human proof is deficient when evidences concerning divin ity arc asked for Could the truth be known there are doubtless moments even in the life of Dean Caprs when doubt and suspicion cast their shadows oer his mind Every effort to prove Christ from the New Testament has only made the confusion of Babel more confounded It is not enough to say I Believe for belief proves nothing but the per sonal presumption of the believer Yet for such a glorious ultimate as a cure for infidelity the theolo gians have labored in vain for generation after gen eration with the result that because of their dogmatism thousands are driven into infidelity every day If Dean Capers would but apply a little thought upon the subject he would be compelled to admit that all the evidence he offers comes hut second hand and then it is only hcaresy not competent in any modern court to convict a plantation darkey of chicken stealing Taking the four gospels at their full valuation it is by no means certain that they were written any portion of them by any of the alleged eyewitnesses As a matter of fact their title reads according to Matthew Mark and Luke and John mid not by any of them The socalled original manuscripts now in the Vati can are all written in Greek whereas the alleged authors were but ignorant Jews and could hardly write their own names in their own language Never at any time according to the story of the Gospels did Christ appeal to the edu cated mid intelligent Jews of his day On the con trary they both shunned and scorned him and the educated and intelligent Jews of today do not ac cept him in spite of Christian prayers and preaching since the days of Constantine This too in face of the fact that Christ came to save the Jews was n Jew lived and flied a Jew As Christ and his Vdiviife mission on earth failed to exercise any in flnence upon the people of Judea among Vvwh6m all his miracles tusllwonders were 11tW performed how can it be expected that rational be ings in the present age far removed from such fanciful episodes can be any better impressed when the evidences submitted are considerably the worse for wear One thing is certain namely Dean Capers does not fully appreciate or understand or at least he has failed to grasp tIle full power and meaning of infidelity This much is shown by his declara tion that infidelity comes from the heart and not from the intellect In this the Dean has simply con founded a mere mechanism with intellectual pro cesses Evidently he is unfamiliar with the functions of the heart If it was a mere sentimentalsugges tion intended for ornament rather than use we might be able to understand but we are unwilling to think that even Dean Capers believes his own statement to be a fact If there is no intellectuality in infidelity then how comes it that infidels can tell him more about his theological fetich than ninety per cent of the congregation over whom he pre sides Why the great world is heart hungry for real knowledge and the moment a man begins to think he doubts Man is ready and willing to em brace any form of faiths that does no violence to his reason but it is because of this violence to reas on that the majority reject the formulas of Chris tianity Men have long ceased to worry them selves with jejune speculations anent the trinity and they look with the utmost indifference upon the fables and legends of Christian revelation Instead of emanating from heart action as Dean Capers intimates infidelity come from that innate desire of man to see and to know to fathom out as far as he may be able the mystery of life All books bibles and creeds forms and ceremony are absolutely nonessentials and yet these nonessen tials have deluged the world with blood and tears and made the earth a charnel house During the sermon this young preacher with a numerous family indulged in a pretty figure of speech in painting the supposed heartlessness of the infidel because he refused to thank an imaginary God for the manifold blessings of life On this sub ject he said The infidel gathers up the flowers lis tens to the songs of birds and enjoys the harvests of Gods abundant fields yet they never offer up a prayer of praise or thanksgiving to the creator And why should either infidel or Christian offer praise or thanksgiving If God created men and women he owes it to them to put some happiness into their lives and he is simply fulfilling an obliga tion Humanity conies not by its own account Were it not for human labor and toil there would be no harvest God brings no harvest where seed has never been sown Oftimes a harvest is ruined by drought and the labor of human hands has been in vain Why should man thank God for that which he has wrought by his own labor But for the work of human hands through countless days and nights the very flowers usedto decorate the church in which Dean Capers preached at Easter tide would not have been there The gardener fl 1 must first tickle the sides of the hills witlrhis hoe or there will be no potatoes But why criticise further These are old plati tudes now grown gray in Christian service But if God is deserving of our thanks for the harvests he must be deserving of our contempt for famine If he can cause to fall upon mankind abundant bless ings or prevent them at will he must he responsible for disaster and suffering The characteristics of the Christian God in this world being unchange able the same yesterday today and forever then they must be the characteristics of the deity in any other world and the same contrasts of pain anti pleasure suffering and bliss must perforce mar the hereafter as they mar the here No Dean Capers you are wrong You have not the Cure for infidelity You do not understand the subject Stronger men than you have fallen before the cataclysm There is both policy and ex pediency in the Christian makeup and you seem to have your full share of both If you do not know that your doubting Tlionms story is but a human invention then you are to be pitied and excused Education may account for much but it does not justify an attack upon the intellectual integrity of thousands of your fellow creatures because they refuse to accept your theta anent the unknown En passant we are prone to intimate that infidelity lips long been recognized and acepted as a specific for Christian error and dogma and it is this fact that makes the shoe pinch a AMERICAN SOLDIERS CRAVE SENSATIONS The conduct of the military when called upon to assist in the performance of civil functions has long been a subject of serious comment allover the counutry In the several labor strikes which include Homestead Chicago and Colorado the mil itary played a conspicuuous part and actually appeared to enjoy their diversion while in San Fran cisco the men in blue unuiforms ornamented with Uncle Sams badges of authority seem to be doing what they can to increase the casualty list by shoot ing down citizens whose ways run couunter to their willIt is an old story and one with which we arc all more or less familiar Put a man in uniform wheth er it be that of a hotel porter or the official insignia of authority and he will abuse it if given only half a chance A soldier in times of peace is a harmless individual until a loaded gun is placed in his hands and instructions are given him to restrict somebody At such a moment he is likely to become blood hunugry and crave for a sensation by mak ing a killing The regular trained soldier is but little if any better than the raw militia in this respect while between the two a civilian who escapes with his life is lucky It is the duty of the officers in charge at San Francisco to impress upon their men that the people at large have some rights tlnt thc military is bound to respect iTrue the ghoul must be checked Robbery of the dead is an atrocious crime To prevent this should be the only restricting power exercised by the army The enforcement of law and order can be safely left to the keeping of the civil power From time to time complaints are made that the rank and file of our army is looked down upon and that the uniform of the country is too often re garded as an evidence of inferiority rather than a badge of honor There is but one answer to make to such a charge namely no mans colors are more respectable than he makes them When soldiers act like ruffians they will be deemed to be ruffians when they cease to so act they may be regarded as gentlemen und not till a An honest man seriously objects to being for ever dogged and watched und not permitted to know the reason why Yet the religionist makes his God the policeman of the universe Can an en lightened mind believe in such a doctrine What is the conduct of those inch who say they do Is not life a burden wider such conditions If a man Las done no wrong and intends no wrong why should he be cterally watched 4Ills God is a jealous God so runs the scripture but if God knows our thoughts and actions this jealous feeling is a passion he has no need to experience Jenl ousy is caused by a suspicion concerning the sincerity of the object of our love If God knows everything he can suspect nothing Knowledge prevents suspicion No wonder most Christians look as if their religion was hurting them and that they were really sorry they were going to be saved With all its vain show glitter of tinsel palatial temples and vast accumulations of wealth the Christian religion that system that once did move empires and change the ruling dynasties of mighty nations is tottering to a fall Its leaders have lost the power to dictate und terrify mankind With but a few exceptions its churches are empty and its spiritual instructors are begging the people to conic in and help to swell the Sunday contribution Sectarian bitterness is becoming more rife and heresyhunting a popular sport with the nonpro gressive preacher who pretends to see an opporuri ity for advancement by pushing better men to time wall Most men embrace religion for what there is in it and not because of its intrinsic value These signs are potent and heraldic of a speedy decay Every advance in the march of progress every step in the procession of human development has been accomplished not with the aid not under the loving guidance of the professional preacher but despite their vigorous and oftimes vicious protests a a The characteristic symbol of the age is the ques tion mark Reasoning beings are no longer satis fied with the political and spiritual grace dished out to them by hired teachers and preachers They want to know and will insist upon knowing the reason and the why ofthingsJ t 1 HE BECAME TOO CODLIKE Dramatic Effect of Religious Conver sion on a British Army Officer Murder and Insanity The Princi pal Attributes of the Deity By FREDERICK RYAN The folowing graphic sketch of a strange caso of religious mania Is re produced from the London Freethink er The clipping being sent In by u subscriber and contributor Dr T J Bowles of MuncIe Ind The rather sudden death ofV V onel Jallatt In Bramwlch Asylum few days ago must assuredly have come as a relief to his best friends Most of tho newspapers merely con tained the Central News paragraph that theColonel had died after twenty years Incarceration Jn the asylum There was a brief leaderetto In the Dally News more calculated to arouse curlouslty than allay It and there was I am told a longer reference in the Morning Post But otherwise none of tho papers contained any details of his strange career certainly none that caught my eye And as the public memory Is proverbially short It may not be amiss to recall especially to readers of the Freethinker what ex actly happened to the dead soldier Arthur Widdicombe Jallatt Spen cer Jallatt to give him his full name was of somewhat aristocratic descent and Inherited a rich estate and a fine old country seat outside the pretty market town of Little Stenford He married when fairly young a daugh ter of Lord Lavington by whom he had one son called John St George Jallatt Spencer Jallatt This child was born in India where the elder Jallatt served for many years Indeed at his trial there was a suggestion though it was never more than he had suffered from sunstroke However that may be he came home somewhere in the late seventies and set tled down to the ordinary life of a country gentleman and a colonel on the retired list He devoted himself at first to horsebreeding and had a great fancy for dogs He used often to be seen in London was a member of several clubs and generally enjoyed the sunny side of life His son had entered Parliament and had made several clever speeches which brought his name to the front So things went smoothly and merrltly until the middle of 1879 In that year a vivalist preacherwhat we would calla hot gospellercame to Little Sten ford and set up a large gospeltent Here services were held especially on market days for the edification of the villagers and numerous conversions were alleged to be made One day however whilst rambling in the neigh borhood Colonel Jallatt found himself in Little Stenford and from one im pulse or another entered the reviv alists tent Mrs Jallatt afterwards said that from that day she noticed a change in her husbands demeanor He paid another visit to the revivalist and another After a little time Col onel Jallatt blossomed forth as anen thusiastic Christian the Idea that chiefly fixed itself in his mind being that we ought all try to live like God Naturally the gospellers were not slow to make much of so impor tant a capture as tho Colonel and he was pushed prominently forward on a good many Christian platforms whilst in a short while he was made vice president of dozens of orthodox organ zatlons He subscribed I believe to the Salvation Army he took the chair at an antiinfidel congress and in fact his name was used for all It was worth by his new associates Now amongst his other offices Col onel Jallatt after the fashion of coun try gentleman had a seat on the coun ty bench of magistrates of which at the time whereof I speak ho had be come chairman and to his magister- Ial duties he used to attend most punctually One day an important case came before him A burglary had been committed In the neighbor hood of Little Stenford and as the result of great activity on the part of the police the burglar had been traced and captured In Bristol Without de lay ho was brought before Colonel Jallatt who heard the vase very fully and listened attentively to the evi dence In the ordinary course the prisoner should have been returned to the assizes for trial But to the sur prise of everyone in court the Colon el proposed to deal with the case him self and there and then sentenced the prisoner to three years penal servitude Whilst the solicitors In court there were no barristers present were consulting as to whether the magistrate was not exceeding his jur isdiction a strange thing happened The shrill voice of an old womman at the back of the court was heard ad dressing the bench Your worship she pleaded let me go to prison stead of my son in the dock In the name of Christ who suffered for the sinner here My readers will easily bo ablp to form some Idea of the sternation of those In the court when Colonel Jallatt Instead of Instantly calling on the Chief Constable to have the woman removed began a long evangelical harangue from the Bench Addressing the woman at the end he said I have been profoundly touched by your appeal lhave freshly realis ed the beauty of that doctrine of the Atonement which teaches us how the Innocent One suffered for tho guilt of other and how God accepted the sacrifice We should In every earthly cir cumstance endeavor to be like unto God and as He the Heavenly Judge accepted the sacrifice of His Innocent Son so I an earthly Judge accept your sacrifice The prisoner In the dock may go free And ho forthwith com matted the woman to prison for three years It may here be remarked that heso details and the text of Colonel Jallatts remarks I have taken from a very full report in the Stenford and Hnlbrldge Mercury of the next day But readers may further be referred to the Bishop of Wyverns article In the Contemporary on Fallacious Views of the Atonement and Pro fessor Verbosos most learned paper on The Atonement Considered as the Subjective Realisation of Transcendental Unity read at the Church Congress in that year and marked by that lucidity and precision which char acterise all that Professor Verbose writes Students will find In these papers a very exhaustive discussion of Colonel Jallatts views To return however to the scene in the court It Is hardly necessary to describe the sensation produced by such an extraordinary incident The woman was at once liberated by order of the Home Secretary and an order was made at the same time to inquire into the state of the Colonels mind The Lord Chancellor without waiting for the result of this Inquiry removed him from the commission of tho peace But as a result of the influence of aristocratic friends little beyond this happened The doctors could not find that Colonel Jallatt was In any way dangerous and one declined to regard him as even subject to hallucination and except that he no longer adorned the county Bench his life was in no way affected But he used frequently to complain bitterly to his friends that If you attempted to live lute God in Christian England they would try and make you out tobe insane After this affair Colonel Jallatt bus- Ied himself with the details of his estate The religious societies whilst willing as before to accept his dona tions fought shylot his personal at tentions a fact which he was not slow to note Ho was thus thrown more on his own resources and amongst other things ho began to cul tivate new varieties of orchids and tulips and he also gave much attention to his horses and dogs In the spring of 1883 his son John who was much attached to his father came on a visit home A Horticultural Show was projected in Little Stenford for the month of June and Colonel Jal latt was full of enthusiasm at his pros pect of winning prizes In May he went up to London to attend some meetings at Exeter Hall and was away from home for a week or two On his return he found to his chagrin that his head gardener had either Ig nored his instructions or had been try ing little experiments on his own ac count with the result that the orchids and tulips were destroyed as prize specimens Naturally Colonel Jallatt was Intensely annoyed His annoyance was at Its height when on going out to the stables he found that his favorite dog had died he day before It had carelessly been allowed to stray on some poisoned land The Colonel came in in a state of Indescribable rage His son hapened to be reading In the library and Colonel Jallatt seiz ing a sword which as a relic of his Indian days hung on the wall rushed from behind on his son and struck him a fatal blow In the neck An artery was severed and the lifeblood of the unfortunate young man gushed out in a stream making a shamble of tho room The father meanwhile worked up to that level of bombastic phraseo logy which had marked his magister ial exploit As Mrs Jallatt camo rush Ing in he declaimed in a loud sonor ous voice As God accepted the blood of his onlybegotten Son as an appeasement of his wrath so I Arthur Wlddicombe Jallatt Spencer Jallatt accept the blood of my only begotten son that through it I may forgive my servants who have grleveously offend ed in nfy eyes Now I Ihayo reached the divine heights and made my lifelike unto the life of God The sensation which was produced in the country on that May morning must of course be remembered by many readers Every newspaper had Its own comment and none of them much to the point There was the usual search for a scapegoat Who had allowed Colonel Jallatt to be at large Who was responsible for the first inquiry into his state of mind An archdeacon wrote to the Times ploring the way In which a section of the Press that was how he put It had dragged the name of Our Savior Into a deplorable tragedy And every body agreed with the Archdeacon In those days the Harmsworth press had t Inotfore the trial however the charge was altered Into one of manslaughter t Everyone knew however that they lJmatter could have only one The man was not sane After some 1 inexplicable delays a committee ot doctors reported that Colonel Jallatt was a dangerous lunatic And as a result ho was confined in Bramwich Asylum where he died last week hay ing been over twenty years an inmate- Some four or five years ago a journa list going over Bramwich was pointed out the Colonel and engaged him In talk Jallatt spoke freely and sensi bly Yes he said I am here be cause tried to live like God Ho accepted the blood of his son as an aton men for the disobedience of others and did the same But if you really try to live like God In Christian England they will put you In a lunatic asylum or a gaol The days of god ness are over Journalist who Is n friend of my own did not for suf flclent reasons lIut this striking con versatlon in print But he told it to me as one of the most illuminating things he had ever heard In tho whole course of his professional Interview Ing Perhaps the classic comment on the whole case was that of the well GshouldGodat a respectable distance r itISINCLENO PANACEA I Land tDerivesburdens fall on the produceri By A LUTTERMAN It seems strange that singletax ers claim that land Is the foundation i icarryever It is self evident that land has nojvalue in itself It is tho application ot i labor that makes J fhavelocated In a city or in a rural district t But the fact that land costs the most In the city Is evidence that labor has Jr r made It so consequently a land tax t 1provementsthen since labor is the source of ail wealth why then should landtarlY- the burden of public expenses all alone when all other values originate from the same source The statement by Mr Hoyt in the Independent of September page saying that it is impossible for any human being to avoid using land and continue to live is not a fair one For thousands of people grow rich and do not own or use land atalL Our board of trade has nothing to do with land and still some of these gentlemen grow rich and control the world market of our produce Should these millionaires escape all taxation Is not money the medium to measure all values Why then tax only one kind of property and exempt all others What is he lift ference of a thousand dollar lot ora thousand dollars worth of wheat or a thousand In gold One Is equal to the other In this country and should be taxed each according to its yalue Suppose A had the lot B the wheat and C the gold a total taxable property of three thousand dollars now under the single tax theory A would be taxed at the rate of three thousand dollars But B and C would be exempt alto gather Ism this good sense No wonder Mr Hoyt Is so bitterly opposed to the principle by which our public schools are supported He calls in rank injustice to tax the people according to their ability And yet his unjust taxation as called by the sin k gle taxers has proved the greatest blessing to our country Had It not been for our school system half of our population would have been lllltcrated because the poor would have been able to pay their share of school tax and their children could not have beenItau gilt The Idea that taxation should bo governed In proportion to tho benefits received is all wrong As long as the producer Is paying Interest and rent to the nonproducer so long capi tal should be taxed and not the individual If all revenues would bo aban doned and Instead a direct tax placed upon all property according to Its value for tho support of the govern ment institute free use of the postof flco similar to our public school sys tom also the telegraph express the railroads and other Industry added from time to time as circumstances may require then the trust would die its natural death and the people would become free and independent as advocated by tho founders of this lie Help to increase the circulation pubIthe Blade by sending in a few for our subscription list Y subscriptions cents each In clubs tof live rI7 A 1J 5ri