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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, July 15, 1906. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1906 blu1906071501 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, July 15, 1906. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1906 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. or ro1r r r f- I J BLUE GRASS BLADEledlro ER tQ1d WE AIM TO OUT DOWN ERROR AND ESTABLISH TRUTH VOLUME XV NUMBER 15 LEXINGTON KENTUCKY SUNDAY JULY 15 1906 PUBLISHED WEEKL 100 A YEAR IN ADVANCE JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION One issue for one year 100 in advance In clubs of Five NEW subscribers 50 cents each Terms100 per year in advance foreign sub scription 150 per year Five new subscribers sent for one year for x50 Send your subscription by registered letter post order New York draftoffice or express money and if personal checks are sent add collection charges as local banks charge for collecting same Make all money orders drafts checks etc paya ble to James E Hughes Lexington Ky address advise this office When you change your giving your old as well as the new address When you send your subscription say whether you a new or old subscriber slip on the paper will shor expiration 1aresubscription and serve as a recoipt as the changes as soon as the subscriber pays to the Blade are not discontinued i u Sbrtlrt1t brthu iulaeri r 7The courts invariably hold a subscriber respon 1 sible to the publisher for the subscription price of all papers received until the paper is paid for in fulland up to date and ordered discon tinued Office of Publication is located at 153 W Short St Lexington Kentucky Entered at the post office at Lexington Kentucky as Second Class Mail Matter Address all communication to Blue Grass Blade P 0 Box 393 Lexington Kentucky 1111111 ++++ 4 EDITORIAL Ii 111111 + + ++ + t+llII111 ++ Truth alone means freedom a a a a a That which is true cannot be evil a a a a a A little thought and a little kindness accomplish more good than gold 1 a a 1 a Virtues must have their complements else they become like vices fife just man must also be gen crow else he is hard The generous man must also be just else he is weak e a a Every day we have opportunity to make our own life a bridge upon which another pass over to something that he could not have attained by himself a a a s Bigotry lots beneath the ringing blows ot Freethought dogmatism has become more humble and time priesthood has well night forgotten to prate of a hell of lire in which the unbaptized souls of babes forever burn This is what humanity owe to Freethought a a a a a Religion is but the ridiculous garment which ignorant has weaved about socalled Omniscience The wise man and philosopher will not mistake the machinery for the principle the wretched train for the priceless cargo of thought it may contain a a a a a Every recorded miracle is a mere myth the founders of every religious cult were but mortal I men and time writers of most of tho socalled sacred books were only scheming priests Let this be understood and Christian religion is stripped of its tattered vestmentsIa a a a a Most preachers assume or would have the people infer that they are more sacred than Christ and that God Almighty has taken them into his especial and private confidence America is too much cursed with a grand army of MeandGod creatures who would it invested with plenary power require here tics to recant on pain of death Happily for hu manity Freethought has drawn the fiendish fangs from the wolf of religious fanaticism and it can now only tug at its chain and growl Instead of fixing their eyes constantly upon the kingdom of the God the preacher the priests are chasing the almighty dollars and fighting for political prefer ment and advancement a a a a a The professors of modern Christianity are the in leelleciual heirs of those who poisoned Socrates on an mule supposition and who refused to consider the Coperiucan theory lest they got an idea into their rut heads that would fracture their theological hats a a a a a The arstocracy of brains differs from those of birth and boodle as the stars differ from a firefly intellect is the brightest star in the educational fir mament of humanity and its glory is shed upon the cotters child even more than upon the scorbutic offsprings of monarchs and millionaires a a a a WE NEED MORE SUBSCRIBERS Friends this an ofttold tale but we are in need of more subscribers to make the Blade the success it deserves to be Were the Blades editorial man agement capable of earning a livelihood from the Blades patronage instead of being compelled to turn to other sourcesit could be made a still greater improvement and accomplish still greater good for the meritorious cause of human liberty What the blade needs is single attention To properly look alter its editorial work its makeup and welfare requires the entire time of its editor This he is un able to give because of an insufficient support Could we double our subscription list before the end of the present year it could be done and the Blade could be made the best and most interesting Freethought paper in the entire country We have the will but we lack the means One new sub scriber sent in by each present subscriber would furnish what is needed Now tho question is can you do it Will you do it The issue is before you nd it depends altogether upon you a a a a a SOCIALISM IN THE FRENCH CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES Friends of the collectivism principle of socialism iirilyviiUdreUl inj6yMenfln the gallant contest coil ducted by M Jean Jaures in the French Chamber of Deputies his battle with Clemenceau over the ideals of the Socialistic propaganda Judging from the press reports it was an oratical clash of unusual brilliancy a duel of political and economical principles between the virtual head of the French government and the veteran socialist chief It was the latter to whom the German gov ernment paid an extraordinary compliment by pro hibiting hum from speaking in Germany on a mem orable occason lest he disturn the minds of the Ger man people Jaures forced the issue with an interpellation as to the attitude of the SarrienClemenceau minis try toward labor in which he positively reasserted the soundness of the collectivist principle in socia Ism The interpellation was accepted and a day named for the debate When it became known that Jaures was to speak the French republic crowded into the chamber and he was given an ovation At this moment the climacteric for socialism in France had come For two hours it is said he held his auditors spellbound by the elegance of his diction his intonation his gorgeous imagery and flights of lofty ideals It is described as prose poetry deliv ered in a grand tone the voice of an organ On this occasion Jaures declared that the communication of all products of labor in a perfect commonwealth formed the only capable solution for the evils of societyDoubtless the Jaures speech has had an electrical effect upon the cause of socialism in the French republic for his great weight of moralcharacter his good heartedncss mid his muumuu sympathy gives him a prestige that adds lustre and strength to his oratorical ability a a a a r Although the leading articles in the symposium on organization have already been published the columns of the Blade are not closed to any further discussion upon such a subject It is too impor tant a question to be abandoned at once The dis cussion should be continued until every Freethinker has had his or her say There is plenty of time and when all have fully spoken then we can determine what action should be taken The Blade in vites further articles on organization The Blade would like to see an organization of which every Freethinker could be justly proud and point to it as a factor in the development of the race No organi zation that is to possess and exercise any influence upon society can be successfully built in a day but now is the time to begin considering plans to that eudaud ascertain whether or not such an organiza tion can be built and maintained in America a a a a a Tho dangers upon which our good ship of state is drifting in these weak piping times of peace arise not in foreign courts and camps but are conceived in iniquity by the law pampered plutocrats and brought forth in sin by time political bosses of the country Fire bosses and time plutocrat loses his power RELIGIOUS INVASION OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NEW YORK Did any Freethinker doubt the necessity of an organIlzatiQntae force and power of a movement recently set in operation to secure by law the reading of the Bible and tae imparting of religious instruction in the common puulic schools angels and ministers of grace defend us Not content witn their mullion dollar edifices their sec tarian schools ana colleges to say nothing of the thousauus ox Sunday ticnoois uotted over the laud legal enactments are now sought to convert the lit tle red schoolhouse into religious institutions that the young may be educated m the real and terror ot- a vengeful Uod that the priesthood may ue guaran teed a continued support nom future generations feariui lest tile agnosticism 01 the age overwiienn and destroy them Tho movement which is bucked by ministers ol all denominations and votaries of widely differing sects has for its object the passage of a rule by the Board of Education providing for such religious instruction in the public schools as shall be pleasing and acceptable to a majorty of the Christian sects This must be met and fought by the rationalists of that great metropolis It is their duty to offer all the resistance of which they are capable Of course there is a possibility that there would be no agree meat upon the particular text books to be used but when we stop to consider that there appears to be a union of accepted antagonistic forces to ac complish a common purpose that possibility be comes too remote to be deserving of consideration The movement is designed solely against what they are pleased to denominate Godless public schools and the proposition promulgated is to have in the curriculum of the public schools a pro vision for one lesson each week on the great truths that are accepted by all denominations In order to successfully and completely deceive the members of the Board of Education anent their real motive it is further suggested that a lesson in moral phil osophy be given twice a week Religious instruc ton and moral instruction to be given at dflerent times What a bluff Every doctor of divinity in the land claims that there is no morality worth the having except that which they claim is contain ed in the Bible and tlnswould mean three Bible lesSoiS eacL wi wcuPrl1rILemstf Or teachngTe iigion once and moral philosophy twice The fact that morality is not dependent upon re ligion may be inferred from the published state ments of those who are advocating the move Bish op Greer is quoted as saying There must be moral and religious training among the children of our public schools if we expect to continue to be a righteous naton The very expression moral and religious placed in the conjunctive is a tacit admission of their absolute independence of each other In other words what is moral is not necessarily religious and what is religious is not necessarily moral Thus view is reported as being supported by Rev Dr Atterbury a Presbyterian Biblebanger who also recommends the preparation of a religious textbook for com mon use in the schools Rabbi Mendes a Jewish priest also gives encouragement to the movement and is said to have declared that this generation is irreverent and irreverance leads to immorality Father McMillan of the Paulist Catholic educational brotherhood takes the same view but with an eye to business rather than the public good he very cautiously suggests that on account of religious differences we shall have to be very careful in pre paring a textbook Reading between the lines one can readily per ceive the motive that is under the whole movement Simply a union of forces against a common foe and to secure a perpetuation of their religious dogmas and offices at public expense The irreverence of the age complained of simply means a general disbelief in the existence of a personal God This growing disbelief is rapdly undermining the church citadels wresting from them the unholy political power they have hitherto enjoyed and wont to use for personal profit and aggrandizement They clear ly recognize that the mental attitude of the age one of the potent results of education is antagonistic to church influence and power that the fires upon their unclean altars are slowly but surely dy ing out and that the very structure of Christianity is undermined weakened and partially destroyed Why then this combination Simply this All denominations profess a belief in God and the effi cacy of the cleansing power of the Blood of Jesus Christ These are the doctrines to be taught The incclucation of such mental moonshine is calculated to benefit all alike Once get these doctrines firmly implanted in the minds of the children and some sect is duly bound to reap the benefit Religious differences which will still continue is to be relied upon to furnish a prorata distribution of the sectar ian adherents If the Board of Education is wise it will refuse to adopt any such rule as that proposed To en graft such a system upon the public schools would be a distinct violation of the provisions of the feder al constitution but in all probability these advo cates of sectarian faiths feel that there is considera ble power and force in that political shibboleth Of what use is the constitution between friends Again if the Freethinkers of New York be wise h if they are alert to their own interests they will take immediate steps to effectually resist this threatened encroachment upon their rights and privileges Are there not enough Freethinkers e rationalists agnostics liberals and atheists in that seething city to put a bold front on the matter and fight it to a finish Surely there are some Davi sIJready to meet these Goliaths of Gath and with the slings of truth hurl a veritable Gibraltar of sounelIargument against such illegal purposes Dont wait until it is everlastingly too late to work now and be prepared to meet the Getidox foe If the Blade had the means at its mand it would take up the cudgel in defense of peoples rights and prevent if possible this sectar lUll invasion of the little red schoolhouse of Amer ica 1Here is an instance wherein a powerful and ac tive organization of Freethinkers could render val uable service Here is an evidence of the need ofiiJJfsuch an organization properly supported Here isfan evidence of the almost criminal negligence of d Freethinkers in failing to be prepared for just such i emergenccies The Blade makes strong utterance ji because it feels strongly upon the subject There is nothing to be gained nothing to be understood by saying one thing and meaning another If we are to republicitSinglehundcdare a rock against which the powers of hell will battle in vain a a a a a RELIGION AND CRIME The oftrepeated assertion that religious teaching subserves the highest and best mural influences was delivered a powerful body blow in the city of Lexington Friday July 6th On that dos James Pearsall a young negro was legally hanged for an unspeakable crime against an old and imbecile wo mu and like all others of his clan he died in the firm belief that through repentance he had been redeemed and consequently it is only one step from the gallows to eternal glory in the New Jeru sulem That the readers of the Blade may fully under stand the situation the following is taken from s the published report of the hanging as given by the cityWhen JiijIRev Oglesby ed to Pearsall and said If you have a statement you want to make now is time time for you to make it Do you want to make any statement lies sir replied the doomed wretch Then you can make it now If you want to make any confession of guilt or innocence it should ue made now as you are soon to confront your God With this injunction the doomed man faced the crowd and in a scarcely audible vice said I want to thank Mr Wallace the jailor and others for treating me so nice I want to thank the death watch for being good to me I have had no trouble with any of them Here Pearsall faltered The words seemed to choke him and he appeared unable to proceed fur ther but indicating that he had not finished Rev Oglesby spoke words of encouragement to him and said Tell the truth The Lord wants you to tell the truthPearsall spoke a little louder and replied- I have been in this jail for seventeen months and I have never had a cross word with anybody 1 am going home now I want to meet you all in heaven I am going home Are you prepared to die was asked Yes sir I am saved and redeemed Are you innocent of the crime for which you are todiet Yes I am innocent Do you make the statement in the presence of God Yes in Gods presence Very well Pearsall the end has come What truth there may be in the expressed thoughts of the culprit as above quoted there is but one inference That inference is that the surest and safest passport through the Pearly Gates is by the gallows route that it is better and your chances for heaven are greater to be born a negro rapefiend than to be born an Ingersoll or a Paine Should the Blades editor be presented with a free ticket to a front seat near the throne with the un derstanding that eternity had to be spent in the company of such a bestial brute it would be declined with thanks and a preference expressed for more congenial society even though the climatic conditions be unfavorable Here was a man convicted by a jury of twelve nice of the foulest the blackest crime known to human society actually confessing to a belief that he was a fit subject for heaven If his confession was true why hung him If he is fit to associate with the angels in highest heaven and sing hosan nabs about the throne of the Most High is he not also a fit companion for men Did the mere fact of hanging him transform him from a vile sinner to a virtuous nt4 Is a creature unfit for earth fit forIheaven Saved and redeemed and yet unfitted Continued on page four first column FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIANITY LAID IN BLOOD AND DEATH STRONG PRESENTATION OF THE RISE OF THE CHRISTIAN CULT TO POLITICAL POWER IN ROME BRILLIANT CORROL LARY TO GIBBONS ARGUMENT DRAWN FROM HISTORY AND FOUNDED ON FACT SIXTEENTH CHAPTER FROM THE ROME BOOK By DR J B WILSON How Pagan Rome Became Christian ltomo has two great objects of at tractionits Pagan ruins and St Pet ers Cathedral and tho Vatican the latter being the headquarters of that peculiar portion of humanly calling themselves Christians To a large part of these Rome Is still a sacred city and pilgrimages from all nations foci to this shrine Since the Christian religion enters so largely Into the history of Rome and since much that I will have to de scribe will pertain to it it will not be out of place here to give a short tory of the rise of this cult and of 1U founder Of Pagan Rome it will only be necessary to say that through turies of successful war and conquest the people had grown Immensely rich and ease luxury and every extravagance followed The nation had clined mentally morally and physically and as it has often happened in other nations this weakened condi tion gave opportunity to another cut to step into power This was complished not because of the sup erlority of the Christian tenets over the Pagan but purely by a political move Any other cult professing meekness and morality if it had beet started Just at this time would have succeeded as well as the Christian in the overthrowing of the weak and ire responsible Roman government In those days even as now nations and armies were accustomed to gather around a God of somo kind and it so happened that Constantine found it expedient to take up the Christian God to aid him In his brutal ambitions and but for this political and military move on his part Christianity would never have spread over the earth The history of the start and rise of all religions Is based first upon the In fluence of some zealous fanatic who is gifted with oratory personal magnetism and sleight ofhand and wno skill ffuliy exerts these persuasive powers Secondiceeded in gaining a dominating phy sical force it must attach Itself to the state through the military powers Nc religion was ever known to exert 0 arato from the state and without bar powerful Influence over humanity sep ricading itself behind cannon and the ranks ol war There never was a reli- glon In the majority that was a rell gion of peace There never was a religion In the world started by reas oning thinking people by men look Ing for demonstrated facts The foun datlon principle of all existing religions is mystification and deception of the ignorant Today u begins with the child All religions however have followers among the reasoning and thinking for tho simple reason that all religions are dangerous In past ages religions struck at human life To day it applies the boycott Reasoning and thinking people ever being Ir the minority there seems to have been no other alternative but that they should bow tho knee to the pre posterous The early Christians compared with the Pagans as the Salvation Army to day compares with the average masses In their bind fanatical way they tried to bo and do good and did do good They proached peace morality and virtue Their example appealed to the poor like unto them selves and they won converts rapidly The common people began tc respect them They came to know that a poor but moral and sacrificing Christian was better than a brutal and profligate Pagan They began to feel the oppressions of tho govern went As today all property was in the hand of the few Poverty and degradation lay on all sides They be gan to think through their stomachs and were ready to turn to any religion or political party that offered them something better It was a great portunity for Christianity to make con verts But still the Christian religion made slow headway through doctrinal teaching Not until Christians became the objects of persecution did their numbers become important The op pression of any people for opinions sake has always the effect of win ning sympathy and fixing those opin ions deeper and rendering them more the doctrine be true or false it is always the same It is not a matter of reason or thought or truth orfact The faction persecuted grows through sympathy If the Romans had not persecuted the Christians if they had permitted them to come into the city and preach if they had been given the fullest privileges to tell theIr ghost story they would havo remained but one of the hundreds of small sects in Rome and gradually died out with the rest and tho world would never have been cursed with the Christian tyran ny It would never have known the Drk Ages the Inquisition the Cru sades the Thirty 1 ears War and the Massacres innumerable even down to early Christians wero not ale lowed within the walls of Rome They were chased out as often as they cam in and stoned They were follower Into their holes leading down Into tht Catacombs Very naturally tho common Ignorant people would say to each other There must be some thing in this Christianity when it leads people thus to sacrifice and ever die for their faith They did not lool into their doctrine in fact they ware not possessed of sufficient reason to determine any principle of theology They could not even read or write They were moved wholly by sympathy for the persecuted and they foci ed to Christianity oy thousands Now we have a great army of poor and literate Romans Joined by tho close binding tie of persecution and to a fanaticism all the more dangerous and inflammable because it was new But be it understood that the per secutions of the Christians were not countenanced by Pagan law Pagan Ism to tho very last in both law and teaching stood ior free thought and free speech and toleration of all rell gious sects The persecutions were duo to the weakness of the government its powerlessness to command the fanatical masses who seemed to have a special antipathy against the Christians owing to their holler than thou assumptions Rome had hundreds of religions all living peaceful ly together Why was Christianity particularly offensive to the people Slwfly because of Us lntolerabloeot colt that every one deserved to besen to hell except themselves that to escape eternal damnation all must be Hove as they believed and thus they excited contempt These persecutions were on a par with the riots between Catholics and A P As In this country somo year ago The laws of the United State did not sanction those riots still it was not able always to prevent them The same conditions have always ex isted In all countries when religion was the subject of dispute among either the wise or ignorant Christians since Pagan times have even fought each other like ferocious tigers consequently It is no reflection on Pagai law or Pagan doctrine that those early persecutions of Christianity tool place It was only a natural result When a new sect appears saying Your religion is false we have the only true one we are better than you and you are going to hell it will be sure to Invite antagonism and most likely persecution as long as it is In the minority At this writing Chris tlans are killing Jews in Russia Paganism never made one law against the right of Christianity to fret speech and I challenge any one to disprove this So far as the law was concerned Christians were allowed to come within the walls and preach when and where they pleased but the people wouldnt have it and took the law In their own hands They dIdnt want them there Just like a lot of Christian American communities ii the North will not permit a negro tc live In their town and stone him out if he presumes to stay Or like some Christian residents in some of our cities who have antipathy to the Jewi or Irish or other elements and secret ly connive to keep them out of lodges or off their streets The condition existing between certain classes of the Pagans and the Christians of Russia and the Jews It was Just simply a class dislike and natural to all peoples a case of religious Incompatibility with both sides at fault Thero is nc people in the world more inclined tc take the law in their own inhand than Americans We have labor riots roll gious riots race riots lynchings and even burnings at the stake and consequently we should see no mote in the Pagan eye for its religious antipathy to the early Christians It was sim ply a religious class affair and not ape proved by the Pagan law or Pagan igion which ever gloried in their tol eration But persecution had tho effect of causing Christianity to thrive and having grown to Immense physical proportions it became a factor for political consideration- At this time the Roman empire was governed by two rulersConstant- ine tho sole emperor of the West and Llclnlus the solo emperor of the East In the year 314 a war broke out between the two rulers in which LI clnius had the worst and concluded a peace by ceding to Constantino Illyrl cum and Greece while Constantine gave his sister Constantia to Llcln ius in marriage After a peace of nine years Constantines ambition led him to desire to be Emperor of both East and West He lute all Pagan rulers had been friendly toward the Chris tians as to all other sects and they had no ill feeling toward him Constantino was a Pagan of the Aryan faith to which he adhered until It became politically expedient with him to enter Into tho infamous plot with the Christian forces to assist him in the usurpation of the throne under the conditions that he favor that creed This Nicene branch of Christianity which is now known as the Roman Catholic church and its Protestant disintegrations succeeded In helping Constantine defeat Liciuius and In return gained permission to establish Its hierarchy and was granted perpetual immunity from all civil duties taxes and obligations which imposition is as flagrantly alive today as then It Is thus to be seen that Christian ity right at its Incipiency avoided Its Just share of the public burdens and Instead of doing as it would be done by established the mightiest class privilege that has ever existed Then began a reign of tyranny such as the world had never known Pagans Jews and Christians who did not long to the Nicene faction were perse cuter exiled put to death and their property confiscated and divided be tween church and state Constantine exiled and killed the Aryans the people of his own family He allowed no faction to exist that might develop a future Influence for opposing him For the first time in the history of Rome religious tolera tion was at an end The rise of Chris tianity put an end to freethought and free speech Upon his conversion to Christianity Constantine monstrously assumed that all men should think just as he the emperor thought and the least rebellion to the same should be punishable with death all of which was approved by the church Thus thought became paralyzed freedom lay dead and upon tho ashes of Pagan liberty that monster of superstition that crucifier of progress that jailer of thtjjjrajn that pest oftitho pitiless l Mjf iuau church ttiren The principle of persecution and ubor dlnation of all progressive thought by which Constantine governed so successfully has ever continued to be the policy of that church Such has been Its history since Peter who curs ed and swore and lied until tho cock crowed shame upon him down to the cunning and unscrupulous priesthood of today who devote their lives in mlshaping the brains of childhood and keeping humanity Ignorant and who only refrain from carrying out their murderous ordination vows because of lack of power The Christian of today just like the early Christians are always meek and humble and preach peace and morality as long as they are in the minority God help any country when they are in an overwhelming majority Constantine now had physical use for the Christians as he had conclud ed to renew the war with Llclulus His ambitions became boundless No man should stand between him and su preme power To win the Christians to his side he had to make a political compact with them and when was Christianity ever known to keep its hands out of politics or off the state The compact was made and now the peaceful Christians the peace prating Christians who would not even return a stone when one was thrown at them in order to get under the Imperial protection and possibly rise them selves to political power joined with this cruel heartless Insanely ambi tious tyrant in an unjust war against their brother man Now the humble professors of tho Prince of Peace and tho exponents of the Commandments stood ready to kill those who had nev er offended them There is no chapter in all history of such Importance as the records I am now recording Its importance may be reckoned by the influence the Christian religion has had upon tho world It is a chapter that has been closed to the eyes of Christians and humanity In general The clergy have concealed the truth of it well knowing the ef fects It would havo upon thinking peo pIe The truth of the rise of Christianity has been expunged from Encyclo pedias and school histories The clergy havo exalted Constantino to a divin ity and have succeeded in blinding the eyes of the world to the monstrous Inception of Christianity into It was under the reign of Constan tine that Christianity became the es tablished religion of Rome and but for whom as far as human probabil ties can bo calculated It never would have come down to us It is well that we inform ourselves of the character of the founder of the Christian religion and some of his successors as a religion must be judged by its founders Right or wrong Rome boasts of never changing and by tracing her early his tory we may possibly be able to ac count for the iniquities which have marked her pathway all down through the centuries Therefore let us look Into the history of Constantine the founder of the Christian Religion Constantino called tho Great Found er of the Christian religion son of Con stantlns and Helena was born February 17 272 Ho was converted to tho Christian religion on the night of the 2Cth of October A D 312 became Emperor of both the East and West in the year 324 reigned altogether about 31 years and died May 22 484 in the seventysixth year of his age Seven successive Christian emperors after Constantine retained the title and prerogatives of Sovereign Pon ill They were both king and god The first successors were Constantins and Constans sons of Constantine and chips of tho old block were they Like their father they continued in holy persecution and confiscation of property It now ought to be plain to anyone that tho object of changing Paganism to the Christian faith was for the purpose of maintaining Con stantine and his successors in supreme power Having allied himself to Christianity Constantine had to standby it and profess It although there Is good evidence that he neVer believed in it He was one of those unscrupul ous characters like some of our own politicians of today whose only use for the Catholic church is its ass is tance to keep them in political power We have had Presidents who would have made excellent Constantlnes had they lived In those days We have yet extant the celebrated oration of Julius Firmicus Maternus to the emperors Constantins and Con stans sons and successors of Constan stine calling on those holy rulers to seize all the remaining property of the Pagans which their father had spared or overlooked and thus by reducing them into beggary starve them into take away in perfect security exclaimed this Christian orator 0 most holy emperors takeaway all the ornaments of their tem pIes Let the fire of the mint or the flames of the mines melt down their gods Seize upon all their wealthy en dowments and turn them to your own use and property And 0 most sacred emperors It is absolutely necessary that you revenge and punish this evil iiiM ar commanded by the law of the flicsfHigh God to pers cute all sorts of Idolatry with the utmost severity Hear and command to your own sacred understandings what God himself com mands you not to spare your own son or your brother he bids you plunge the knife into the heart of your wife that sleeps in your bosom to persecute your dearest friend with sublimest severity and to arm your whole people against these sacrilegious Pagans and tear them limb from limb Yea even whole cities If you should find this guilt in them cut them off 0 Most Holy Emperors God promises you the reward of his mercy upon con ditlon of your thus acting Do therefore what He commands complete what he prescribes Tho above affords a wonderful les son of the psychological effects of rell gion on the human mind Note the change But a fow years previous the Christians of Rome were so humble meek and peaceful that they practic ed turning the other cheek for tvery blow received They did not believe In fighting They preached peace and brotherly love ow risen to power and drunk with authority they be can to persecute exterminate and con fiscate with tho ferocity of savage brutes Is It any wonder they degener ated and sank into depths of Ignor ance and vice that Pagan Rome in her worst moments never saw and is tyranlnyLet us compare this speech of the Christian Maternus touching on those who differed from him with the words of Libanlus a Pagan orator in which he expresses his feelings toward those who had left the faith of their ances tors and embraced tho new fangled doctrines of Christianity Orion said he was my friend when he was In prosperity and now that he Is a Christian and In affiliation have the same disposition towards him If he thinks differently from us concerning the Deity he hurts himself being deceived but it is not fit there fore that his friends should look upon his as an enemy Could any speech be more gentle loving liberal and Just than these touching words of Libanius or more representative of learned Paganism Could any speech be more cruel and blood thirsty than that of the Christian lIaternus or more representative of the founders of Christianity There are several accounts of tho conversion of Constantine a subject which will be of Interest to the reader To be perfectly fair I will give both the Christian and Pagan narratives of this important event which I take from Rev Rout Taylors Dlegesis Motives of Constantines Conversion as Given by His Friends The the Emperor being certified by the tyrannous governments of Maxentius and LIcInlus vised with himself which way possi bly he might rid the Romans from under their grievous yoke of servitude and dispatch tho tyrants out of life Deliberating thus with himself he forecasted also what God he were best to call upon for aid to wage battle with his adversaries Ho remem bored now that Diocletian who wholly dedicated himself to tho heathenish Gods prevailed thereby also ho per suaded himself that his father Con stantlns who renounced the Idolatry of the gentiles led a more fortunate life Musing thus with himself while taking a Journey with his soldiers a certain vision appeared to him as It was strange to behold so Indeed incredible to bo spoken of About noon the day somewhat de dining he saw in the sky a pillar of light In the form of a cross whereon was engravers the inscription In This Overcome This vision so amazed the Emperor that ho mistrusting his own sight de manded of them that was present whether they perceived the vision Which when all with one consent af firmed the wavering mind of the em peror was settled by that divine and wonderful sight The night following Jesus Christ himself appeared to him in his sleep saying Frame to thyself the form of a Cross after the example of the sign which appeared to thee and bear tha same against thine enemies as a fit banner or token of victory Of course the above Is plainly a made up story that no intelligent Christian of today will indorse as It Is inconsistent that Christ who taught love of enemies should appear to Con stantlno and urge him to use the sym bol of his suffering to go out and kill enemies Again why didnt he hang the cross of light over Rome so all the people could see it and likewise bo persuaded The reader here should be informed that it has always been the etiquette of courts that a king is not to be disputed His court hers must see hear ahd smell anything that the king sees hears and smells The courtiers must have no thought of their own but simply reflect the king If he hints of a thing that has no ex istence it must be plain to the eyes of tho courtiers It ire Insinuates that ho would have Itmauie known to the public It is their office to confirm tho falsehood and spread It If Constan tine had said Behold I think I see a sawmill in the sky Do ye not per ceive It The courtiers of course would have seen exactly what the king saw If they couldnt have seen It they would have lost their Jobs and possibly their heads When Constan stine said Behold a pillar of light in the form of a cross Do ye perceive it and the words In this overcome engraven upon It1 Of course they saw It It was wonderfully plain to all This disposition to reflect royalty has not entirely died out A few years ago all the fashionable women of England affected a limp because Queen Alexandra limped from rheumatism and even limped American women got a limp on them- Constantino was onto the tricks of the priests and it was by such a story as this confirmed by his lickspittle minions by whom he could prove any prepostcrlous lie to be a solemn fact that he was enabled to fool tho ignor ant and superstitious multitudes 2 Motive of Constantlnes Conversion by Zosimus a Contemporary Pag an Historian Constantine having acquired pow er Jealous and suspicious of all per sons even those of his own family who might seek to depose him proceeded to banish all such or put them to law Maxiailun he Im pelled to hang himself A D 310 Bas slanus the husband of his sister Anas taslas he ordered to be strangled A D 314 He had nephew Llcinian us whose throat he ordered to be cut A D 319 Fausta his wife he order ed to be suffocated In a boiling bath A D 320 Sopater tho Pagan philoso pher and his former friend he put to death A D 325 LIcInlus his sister Constantlas husband strangled A D 325 Crispus his eldest son he order ed to be beheaded A D 325 When he had made a clear house for himself by the putting to death of his family and many others his mind took a serious turn and ho suffered re morse Naturally he turned to the faith in which he was reared for comfort but there was nothing in tho Pagan re ligion to give solace to his conscience as Paganism made no propitiation for the cutting of tnroats and for wife and child killing Being particularly sorry nor the death of his son Crlspus ho applIed- to Sopater tho Pagan philosopher for comfort but was told There are no 2Texpiations In our faith for sucn or emperor then had recourse to the Christian bishops who told him that all that was essential was to repent and be baptized and he would be cleansed of all sin With this doctrine Constantine was mightily pleased whereupon he became a Christian and having become a Christian likewise Imposed the same belief upon his sub jectsTo repent and bo baptized fur nished tho avenue of escape for the guilty soul of Constantine Just as It Is the avenue of escape for the murderer and thief of today Thero never was a more iniquitous license for sin and wrong doing than this damnable dogma of Christianity When a mur derer takes human life unprepared for death and the victim goes to over lasting hell all the murderer has to do Is to repent and bo baptized and go to everlasting glory Tho same doctrine holds good in the church day ns it did then and I suppose ItIalways will now and foreeverlastlng Amen No wonder Constantine was pleased with a settlement on such easy terms it was upon this Oasis of repentance and baptism a settlement of wrong as dishonorable as easy that the Rom an church succeeded in ChristianizingIthe world Constantine but was not baptized at this time uid this easy settlement of his con science with God have tho effect of turning the mind of Constantine into channels of peace mercy kindness and forgiveness Oh no About the first thing he did was to go and kill Sopater It made no difference now how many he killed All he had to do was to repent lIe continued to banish and kill not a few people but hundreds thousands even whole cities were put to the sword This says the Rev Taylor is the Christian Emperor whom the hireling voice of prlestcraft extols to the skies who still receivo the applause of priests and bishops and the adulation of interested sycophants It is a queer phase of human na ture that in Fames temple there Is ways a niche to be found for imporrtunate scoundrels for tho a superstition and for the ofIbutchers of the human race Just Imagine the look that nave been on that mans face when his wife Fausta on her knees for her life and being refused pleaded that she bo given any death than that of being boiling water and oven this thenIfused and she hId wife the his children the woman with nn 4 red uasucr m fttl Her only offense was that he sus ported her of being in alliance with some of the factions to whom by this tine he had become Intolerable It was tlie same with Crispus his son who had now grown to young manhood and was beloved and around whom he thought some faction might gather Thlnlcxofdering this noble son beheaded in the same year in which he called the Council of Nice and over which ho presided and In the synodical epistle of which he Is called The most vir tuous Emperor the most Godly or Constantine Not a guish nor a sisters tears Empetguiltless youtas innocence memory of old friendship could soften the heart of this ovangllcal cutthroat r We must forget that Constantine was not only a Christian disciple but also that ho was a Christian preacher and wrote arguments upon the strength cf which he not only becamefa Christian out which he rrMce toe reason and com mand the faith of all persons But whether convinced ot not there was not other choice but believe or die Council of Nice The objects of the Council of Nice was not only for purpose of giving official recognition to tho Ctxlstlan faith but to formulate a code of belief and determine what of the scattered evidences of Christianity were authen tic and inspired Constantino calledI this council in the year 325 and learn ed men from all parts of the empire canine with such documents as they possessed There were over three hun dred in this council all of whim were said to be wise and learned men but tho names of only four or five are handed down to posterity At this Council the New Testament was compiled from a bewildering number of manuscripts all claimed to be genuine Inspirations Very naturally there was much falling out overIreligion and disputes rising high of the holy fathers engaged In a light and pummelled each other with their stools Since no agreement could bo reached It was finally decided that the inspiration of each manuscript should bo tested by placing It under a table and such manuscripts as were able of themselves and unassisted to rise to tho top of table were do clared to be the Inspired word of God and such as could not were rejected In this day and ago of the world we would search for a Herrman and his assistants in the loft or cellar but that was he day of miracles and by J this simple and easy trick tho inspiration of tho books of tho Now Testa ment was decided We all know today none of the hoops of tho New Testament wore written by the ciples that some wero not written un til two hundred and forty years after tho death of Christ and by whom the Lord only knows and that none word written sooner than eighty years after Christ when all the disciples wore dead Also we naturally reason that the Creator who was so precise In tho construction of tho universe and In establishing laws for Its govern ment in formulating a government for man would not have resorted to a sleight of hand trick or any method which smacked of deception More over lie would havo mado Ills will known to all nations alike and given all alike a system of government by which they would be Inclined to live In peace and not for everlastingly want to kill each othor The Council of Nice having thus decided ana Bible and Constantino having been honored and glorified as tho founder of a new and official religion it now behooved him to force its universal adoption Constantine was a good deal like Roosevelt and the t Emperor William Ho wanted to be tho great I am of everything and t In his time he surely was IT And who shall say that he was not justified For did not Christ say I came not to bring peace but the sword And does not this Bible con tain words of Justification for every act of cruelty that was ever committed In Its name Man is so constituted by nature that he will die before he will be forc ed to abandon his convictions and the l result was that Paganism has to Ks credit a million of martyrs to Chris tlan ferocity martyrs as noble as ever went to their deaths for a righteous cause All their leaders were killed as fast as they appeared When their ranks became decimated of Its leading spirits it was easy work to compel the masses to fall in line When men are ignorant and helpless and without leaders it Is easy to make tenthousand believe as to make one especially havoIand the terrors of a military silenced the faint and unsupport k tstate of the Pagans tho form and wording of several f PlsJantinos edicts we have spec J1Peii that nctJ of holiness I tlne hl 1 rtraYaJJ lI1JI And Noble Emperor Unto 1h ops Pastors and People Whereso ever We find It good that If there be found any work or book compiled by 100Arius the same should be burned to ashes so that not only his damnable doctrine may thereby be wholly root cd out but also that no relic thereof may remain unto posterity This also we straightly command and charge that if any man be found to hide orI conceal any book mado by Arius and not immediately bring forth the said book and deliver it up to be burned that the said offender for so doing shall die the death For as soon as he t is taken our pleasure Is that his head be stricken from his shoulders God tuitionF the Council t Concerning Peace and Discord Having by Gods assistance got ten tho victory over mine enemies I entreat ye therefore beloved ministers of God and servants of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ to cut off the heads of this hydra of heresy for so shall ye please both God and Me Such a man was the founder of the Christian religion This book will fall into tho hands of Christians who will read It I want to say to these that this chapter Is especially written for your benefit and information as Free thinkers are informed on all I say here I want you to know tho origin of the Bible and of tho Christian faith and how it got Its start In the world and by whom supported I know that you have been blind to these factsfacts which are easily obtainable by reading Gibbon and other historians Now having read this what can you think of Christianity and its founder Do you think that tho Christian clergy are justified in concellng tho complex ion of the character of Constantine and the facts connected with the estab ment of Christianity Do you not per colvo that your mind has been abused as to belief In the dogmas to which you attach yourself Think It over- Head for yourself and you will find that Christianity did not insinuate it self Into the human mind by the per suasion of love mercy brotherly kindness and peace nor by the application of reason and commonsense justice and truth Nay it was forced upon the world by the imperial sword of Constantino and his followers But for these the world would never have been blighted with Its withering curse There was no choice but believe and profess Christianity or abjure either life or property or both Bad as was the condition of Rome a J under Paganism previous to the ad vent of Christianity it was a thousand times more humane moral and pro gressive then than alter Headlong the world plunged into that abyss of time known as the Dark Ages king and priest still held their sway for a thousand years retarding the worlds progress while vice triumph over virtue the Inquisition over reason and Ignorance crime and persecution reigned supreme mare cruel and relentless than over soothed the dreams of Constantine when most enraptured with his faith All this you may learn to bo true by a little investigation Do you believe that ho would choose a religion for universal adoption which has ever proven tno cause of universal dispute and war among men Do you believe He took a hand in founding this reli gion whose first act was the massacre of Its own people that put son against father and father against son which put whole cities to the sword for their unbelief In doctrines which had never been explained to them Do you have in the divinity of a book the test of whoso inspiration depended upon placing manuscripts under a table and which walitltcrlpts must rise to the top of the table unaided thus to signi fy tho approbation of the Divine Power Do you bellevo that your God who made all the shining wheeling worlds would resort to a cheap trick like this to convey his messages to mankind Can you longer believe In a merciful God and credit him with founding such a religion Think over it Stand apart from It long enough to behold It as It was and Is Would you have faith In any other creed with such a record Ah what days of horror those must literature and philosophy whoso purl have been to the humane and liberty- loving Pagans whcrero hospitable to every belief to cople Imbued with ty benevolence and wisdom have never been surpassed by any race of men No wonder that Astonished Paganism grew pale when she saw the bloodstained banner of the cross and from her Innocent Jiand the flowery chaplets of tho chaste Diana and hospi table Jupiter 9owndropped and bloody persecution flourished over t themDEATH ELIZMiJHWl MSON t tt 4f allill upon tho household oft our esteemed coworker Mrs Henry Last week her only remaining uncle an eminent writer and poetlaureate of Canada passed away and a few days later his sister an aunt died In Newpork Ky Her mother now aged 86 Is fn feeble health and It will bo but a short time Until all the older members of her family are gone Our good friend Is having her share of grief right now Mrs Williamson was 75 years of ago at her death which was caused by a fall She was the widow of Capt John Williamson one of tho leading and substantial men of Newport Though wealthy Mrs Williamson andI her husband never sought to shine in society They lived In an old fnshJ ioned mansion and were Just plain people what I would call uncommon common folks interested in public enterprise and in ah people of truec worth Mrs Williamsons name was on the t Episcopal church roll She had requested that it be stricken off as she no longer believed as formerly but to this tho members would not listI en She attended the funeral of Capt Henry and there told me that I had expressed her sentiments exactly and that she did not want u preacher to speak at her funeral and in respect for her wish the ministers were con spicuously absent Prof John Burke former Superln ten dent of tho Newport Schools and one of the leading educators of the Slate and ono of Kentuckys brightest minds delivered an eloquent dress at the home While positive In his belief In Immortality his taut was free of all dogmatism and cant and besides was a glowing personal tribute to tho deceased whom ho had known for twenty five years At tho grave I delivered the dress printed in another part of this paper and which was printed tho lowing morning as hero given In the Cincinnati Commercial Tribune Importance of Funeral Orations This Is a subject which I liavo fro quently discussed in this paper and will continue to talk about It as long as Liberals aro so lax about It Take this instance and observe its importance Fully 300000 people read was widely distributed in all parts of Ohio Indiana and Kentucky and hero and thero all over tho coun try It has excited comment and pute and so has sot men to thinking It has been cut out and pasted In scrapbooks or carried around In pock eta and will be shown to bo road for long time It will make more Liberals than all the writing I havo down in the Blade for five years Now cannot you all see how vary Important the Liber al funeral may be Why did the Commercial Tribune print it and give It such a generous Agnostic funerals are a novelty and being a novelty como under the head of news News papers aro out for tho stuff They want variety and tho sensational and they are now far enough away from the crack of the clerical lash that they havo no fear in giving occasional recognition to the agnostic Now wo are foolish if wo dont take advantage of the situation Our funer als aro a novelty and besides news papers fear less censure in publish ing our funerals than In publishing an out and out attack upon tho old superstition Funerals give us privil eges that wo cannot get at any other let every one bo alive to the oc casion Our Liberal papers are doing good but slow work It takes money to push any paper propaganda or or ganization and our papers with their very limited capital cannot be expected to reach far beyond our ranks or do mure than they aro doing If we want them to reach more people we must back them up with more money As it is our papers are holding th9 enthusiastic few well together keep Ing us in touch with each other and Informing us of what is going on In the world of Freethought But they aro not reaching tho unconverted and we cannot mako converts unless the unconverted are reached Now I know of no better way than tho Agnostic or Liberal funeral sim ply because the commercial press will give note of it on account chiefly of Its novelty Nearly all editors besides are Freethinkers and It Is often a per sonal satisfaction to them to give the ribs of pompous piety a punch now and then Why in Rome See Trip to Rome tho papers Just spread themselves In printing the proceedings of the Con gress It was the first time they had ever had a first class occasion or a number one excuse for attaccklng the Vatican and they madothe most of It It was an International Congress and the like had never been before in Old Rome and it was news and they took advantage of the occasion It Is just the same now with an Agnostic funeral It is news because It Is a wagsginsto report it Let every one prepare t m itluHifiiITitI rte1i 1JlW The Funeral Address There must be considerable diplomacy exercised in preparing a funeral address with the object of having it accepted by the local press In the first place It must bo short as city papers aro generally crowded with news and advertisements and country papers are generally small and the cost besides In setting up Is a big con aditoo long for any paper and I could not expect it to be considered But in this instance I learned that the local editor was a Methodist bigot and would not give It any kind of a notice let loose on the subject- In the case of Mr Moore I knew tho Lexington papers would publish all of It owing to their long acquaintance with Mr Moore and tho notoriety he had achieved But this was a very exceptional case Now with this latest address I cut it down to the size that thought would make It of possible acceptance but even It is a little too long for many small papers Illgersoll was on to this and made his funeral addresses short as ho knew that to get them published he would have to accommodate himself to the editorial reckoning So tho first item of importance is to boil down get ting as much important argument in as small space as possible Tho next item of consideration IsI tho character of your arguments The press will not accept anything that will shock or hurt tho feelings of itsI patrons It wont do to dogmatize or abuse It is a time for soft and soothing words and all arguments that tends to combativeness repels and tho good effects of your speech is lostfeelings- are shocked and no results are gained This is an occasion unlike any other and only tho plainest self evident truths delicately put will leave any Impression Even to doubt anothers existence has the effect of making us be regarded with horror Most people at no time in their lives like to have tho plain truth told them If It In anyway conflicts with their prejudices This Is all tho more manifested at a time like this so whatever truth we put forth must bo expressed gently and tempered to fit the understanding- of those not used to reasoning Now I desire to offer this little dress of mine over Mrs Williamson as somewhat n model of what a Liberal address should be It is not perfect and I see now where It may be Improved But It is tho best I could do on a days notice tvlth my business to attend and many lntt rtrptlons- First it Is about the right length or rather It is tho limit for newspaper acceptance The death of but few U S Senators would get a longer newspa per notice so our addresses must be have attacked only the Hell Idea and since even Christians dont lIko the hell idea and since preachers themselves are glttln fer ninst it and it is no longer a pet dog ma I gave it a few hard whacks and this much the newspapers will toler ateUsing this for a basis other good points may bo worked in but they must be put plainly and made so self evidently true that the reader is forced to accept them whether he would or cannot assure the listen er that thero is a bejewelled mansion awaiting him in tho skies and a silver goneIgolden paved streets with alabaster sidewalks for promenading etc etc All this glittering expectancy is a wonderful and soothing consolation to tho Christian How very flat and disappointing must out addresses seem to him when in place pf all this beautiful and lifelong draim wo offer only doubt and possible xtlnctlon We can only resort to one thing In this extremity and that Is the plain truth kindly sincerely and beautifully expressed We must picture ourselves- as naturAl beings and make life and nature beautiful and still hope though we do not know This softens and soothes Makes men and women feel instinctively that they belong to nature then no dream of Heaven is even so beautiful to them as the nature around them to which they netirly all their lives are blind Beauty js a Joy forever ever wreathing a floVery band to bind us to the earth Burns as forgiven his vicious blows at the church simply because he gar landed Cls club with flowers His blows Were heavier but the more coitvinceing- Ile was natural and he touched the natural m the human heart with the pathos and beauty of speech And so at funeral occasions when souls are crushed Should wo picture the beauty of the Bfcaven hero in which we live and it will take the place In the heart crystallintThe fffuno is as attractive as the picture lth most people and If we would 4f6rtomo good hard Mling- lac address we must 4 tlrct1r1trgonad1iltft wo can only get them to admire tho frame by and by they will study the picture So all these pretty words I indulge in now and then are justifia blo even If they dont in reality mean much Besides they help to give us entree into the columns of tho press Beauty will force Its way Even beasts are alive to the sense of the beautiful Now it seems to me that this dress may bo applied to most any Liberal and used on funeral occasions It may be taken as a base and modified in part to suit the particular ideas of each individual There can always be found some one who w1l1I read It and so there Is no excuse withI those who read the Blade for not providing for a Freethought funeralsJ t THE BLADES li LETTER BOX i+ ++ + + +++ +++ +Rome Book a Daisy Clinton lownI am going to write you a few line to explain how we stand in relation to Wilsons Rome Book And before going further to tell you It Is a Daisy When the word reached mo first that he would bo likely go and would write a book upon what he saw which would cost a dollar I wrote to Morris Sachs and sent three dollars for three copies Later on when I learned you wished 15 cents a copy In addition for postage I sent you two dollars to pay for a fourth copy which fourth copy was to bo sent to my nephew James McNicholl now at No 90 Dens Road Dundee Scotland Tho three first ordered to be sent to William McNicholl Sixth street Clinton Iowa Two weeks ago I re cawed one copy direct from you That was five dollars I sent to pay for four copies Including postage Please send tho two lacking to Wm McNicholl Sixth street Clinton Iowa And now to go a little farther I want ono more copy to put in our Free Public Library I am ono of the Trustees of that institution and I have added to Its shelves about 70 volumes Mostly Freethought you do not find my record of moneys sont to correspond with yours mine is from memory Let me know and will send enough to make It all right for the five copies Inclosed find some clippings from tho Peoples Journal Dundee Scot land Glad to be able to compliment you on tho way you conduct the Blade Keep It sharp and give the Dead Beats Hell but never say dleJAS A GREENHILL A Letter of Congratulation Ithaca N YEdltor Blade I wish to congratulate you on your editorial Dr Wilson on Maxim Gorky No lone admires the genius and appre elates the literary ability of Dr Wil son more than I do but no mans ere rors should bo approved or condoned because of his shining virtuesC G BROWN How The Blade Can Help Itself Pittsburg Pa Enclosed find P O order for one dollar and twentyfive cents for which send tho Blade for on year to J D Helmers 513 Bissell avenue Oil City Pa as I am confident that after he reads it for one year he will be sufficiently Interested to want to continue reading it for It must be read to be appreciated and I think the best way to help the Blade Is to help it to help itself and the way to do that is to get more people to read it and in its present condition It Is such that anyone of ordinary intelligence can read It without being offended and that Is the proper way to have it keep It firm but gene more good can no accomplished by leading than by driving and all Freethinkers should be leaders we can all lead If we lead some people to the summit of reason ing they will soon discover thj quag mire of superstition In which they have been plunged and which they seem to enjoy if they can only be lead to see their true mental condition and leallze the truth of It they will soon work out their own salvation and they will wonder a themselves for having been so stupldand they also will have been helped to help themselves the Blade Is grand it is new t is upto ate spread It out bolero tho world pass it around friends pass it around For the remaining twentyfive cents send me one more memorial and a couple of Blades with Dr Wilsons ulon to Captain Henry as I have worn mine out passing it around That is the kind of reading that awakens thought among those who have been hlreing others to think for them Its the read seed of thought the kind that grows I am looking yes looking with longing eyes for my Rome book let it como as soon as convenient GEO E GANDELOT About the Birth of Christ Bellevlow Florida Mr Editor Please allow me to reply to E E Jen tins In his ccriticlsm of E Lewis Mr Jenkins claims that the two births of jesus recorded in Matthew and Luke hltPPenedf9fT4yearsaparlACC rd to Matthew Jesus was born during the reign of Herod while according to Luke he was born during the reign of Cyrenlus I have no Josephus to refer to but I think after Herods death his son reigned ten years when he wasp t out of office on account of immorality when Cyrenlus was made Governor If I am incorrect will some one reply to this This would mako the two births about twelve years apart carelesspnessmeat There was never any Jesus Christ That woman was sent to day School when a child and got twisted so she cant use reason MRS KELSEY CHURCH OF HUMANITY Having been appointed as Instructor for Montgomery County Mt Sterling Kentucky In the Interest or they Church of Humanity he will on July 8th being the anniversary of the church open a scientific Sunday School class and invite freethinkers who can make It convenient to attend these feasts of thought The Church of Humanity Is nonor thodox in its character It is Iconoclastic In all its strictlyI is scientific in its researches of superstition It is the church for thatlsavesna ture among the fragrance of flowers At ray greenhouse Winchester Avenue Every Sunday at 1030 A M EMIL FREDERICK ANNUALLY CONDUCTED NIAGARA fAllSj ViajC H DI- n Connection With the P M WABASH SATURDAY JULY 28 1906 RI700 ROUND FROM TRIP TICKETS GOOD 12 DAYS RETURNING Tickets good going and returning all rail or at the option of passengers will be honored in either direction between Detroit and Buffalo on the D B Steamship Companys boats For folder containing general Information regarding time of trains rates etc cal on any C H D Agent or address 1WGeneral Passenger AgentrCINCINNATI OHIO NOTE REDUCTIONS Hampden 18 size Special Way 23 Jls 2600 New R Way i23 Jls Deuber Watch Co 21 Jh 17 same 17 Jls Elgin VeriUs 23 Jls 29 Father Time 21 Jls 2250 B W Raymond 19 JU 20 B W Raymond 17 Jls 1850 i JCrescent fJIBThe above guaranteed to peas R Way Inspectors Sundries Waltham P Bart lett or Elgin Wheeler 17 Jls ad 1HampdenHampdentham nickel noncatchable hair spring 7 jls Hampden 7 Jls gilt 450 Standard or Century Jls Al the above In 2 2 or 4ounco allrvenue case prepaid In silver or gold filled screw case accompanied by manufacturers and my guarantee for 20 years or in hunting case more In 25 year screw case or in huuting case 850 more than in ill b1 verine case In solid gold case 10 to 50 more LADIES GOLD WATCHES Large size Elgin Waltham or Hampden 20year gold filled lateet style artistic handchased 7 Jla 15 Jls 11 16 jls adj 15 small t size 7 jls 1150 15 Jls 15 16 ilL alUlLRJu 1tgold case 10 to 50 more Latter with diamonds all in plush box prepaid with guarantee Send for prices of Watches not list 4ed Jewelry Rings Silver and Plated Ware Optical Goods and My Tract Theism In the Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN La Grange Cook Co IlL i1rl SOC HIGH BRIDGEtAND RETURN SUNDAYI JULY I51 Tickets Good Leaving Lexington on Train No5 or on Special Train at 100 a m Dancing Pavilion ExcellentRMusic Dining Hall meals both a la carte and table de note Swings and Shelter Houses Jsk ticket agents for particular 1 GREATEST DISCOVERIES t OF SCIENCE EVER MADE GOD SATAN AND HOLY GHOST ARE NOTHING BUT CREATIONS OFtFICTION HEAVEN AND HELL ARE ONLY MYTHS CON SCIOUS LIFE IS EXTINGUISHED AT DEATH The Church of Humanity teaches these great discoveries through Its 1 organ The Truth About God which it publishes monthly and its school The Central Kansas Business College which teaches Stenography Type writing Bookkeeping Commercial Arithmetic and Spelling and The Truth About God In a general course of study giver by the tem porary International Instructor for the church The Church has 100 LIFE MEMBERS It wants 900 more to formally organize and Incorporate The first thousand members will be the fonnden and organizers of the CHURCH OF HUMANITY worshipingterlt1fromWrite to W H KERR 2210 Broadway Great Bend Kan for blank ap plication for membership Information about the college and send cants for a years subtcrlptlot to the TRUTH ABOUT GOD Do It sow I Editorial Continued from page one associate with human beings What a farce what a travesty on all moral influences Going home for the unfortunate victim now Indeed Far better of his rapacious lust had he gone home be fore committing his awful deed Further comment is unnecessary It need only be added that the culprit was reported to have been a faithful Sunday school scholar This is certainly enough s t No power in society no hardship in your condi tion can depress you keep you down in knowledge virtue and influence but by your own consent r u SOCIAL INFAMY THE OPEN SESAME TO DEATH AND DISHONOR Columns have been written and published anent the killing of Stanford White by Harry Thaw in a fashionable recort of New York Columns have yet to be written and published on the same subject and the reading public is to be nauseated with the miserable brutishness of swell society The trag edy had its origin in lawless lust and brutal bestial ity It furnishes stronger proofs than ever that despite all our safeguards of law and the restrain ing influences of education swelLsociety is growing more hopelessly corrupt amid all our advancing civilizaton To fracture the seventh commandment is considered but a venial trivial sin provded the debaunchee be possessed of great wealth but a sir meriting condemnation and worse if the perpetrator be poor The worst part of this fulsome tragedy is that both sides enjoy an almost unlimited amount oi money and tins is being freely used to subsidize Uie be formed one way or press that public opinion may me other Nvneu me trial of Thaw begins it will revelation to many of theundoubtedly be made a vulgarities 01 the so antiactual indecencies gross SYSItemthe Uaccluc orgies ot the ancients were memories it will reveal a patchwork ot human internal woof m the- great society woven of passion s loom of Time The tales of the sensuous Cleo patra and of false Helen of xroy pale and dwindle into insignificance beside the revels of the social such infamous shame and lepers that have brought nation This grew disgrace upon the American some tragedy and its antecedent causes constitute one of the foulest blots ever mown upon the escut from the most de cheon of humanity it emanated praved coterie of uncclean harpies in all the foul I regions of hells heirarchy The average American citizen may now learn though with amazement that there is around them iranillimitable world of life well known to the path and scientists but upon which the unaided vision of the mass of the people has never been fo I cussed The phenomena is there however but the layman ignorantly passes it by because of his tin familiarity with it Such tragedies as these furnish them with a powerful glass through the lens oi which he can see a powerful light previously hidden from his ken and yet unable to comprehend it as the savants comprehend it Strange as the assertion may seem it is not the number of professional bawds that constitute the greatest menace to social purity but the brutishness of the rich their selfish indillereuce the runrestraiued licentousuess and positive vulgarity What man phantasy is this that swell society in America is cnasing Time was when a woman branded as a common strumpet hid her face in act ual and positive shame But gentle reader the fault is not inherent m the Uaugnters of pave Une of two things is driving legion litter legion to the cohorts of snaine it is either lawless lust or force of circumstances et in spite of these incarnadin ed warnings there are advocates of even greater li cense human beings who would break the bonds oi lawful restraint asunder and make of liberty a synonym for license We have cast behind us the myths and miracles of the past and proven to the great world their ridiculous absurdity we have wrought hundreds of the most cherished idols of our uneducated ancestors beneath the iconoclastic ham mer of Freethought but the Blade calls a halt upon those who would advocate a generalsocial and mar ital housecleaning lest in the process we also consign social purIty and virtue to the rubbish heap and add further fuel to lusts unholy fires The history of the world is decidedly against such a policy for along the common path there are strewn broken altars and ruined lanes all blasted by this selfsame curse Turn once again to the character of the principals in this dark tragedy and we find that the Paphian Venus still flaunts her starlet flag in the face of humanity There is another reminder to be drawn from this tragedy as portraying the character of the women who are paid to entertain the American public on the stage Evelyn Nesbit the impure female was the indirect cause of Whites tragedic death was a companion and daily associate of the notor ious Nan Patterson who brought about the death of her paramour which also took place in gay and giddy Gotham They both belonged to and took part in the corrupt Florodora sexette The Nes bit woman may have been trying to lead a more moral life since she become Mrs Thaw but from her previous conduct the foundations for Whites death were laid As for the victim and his slayer neither were worth the price of the powder to blow them to hell White was one who would turn from consenting Venus to solicit the scornful Dian Thaw was a drunken narcoticeating profligate Both had the misfortune to be possessed of more boodle than brains It were better for the world had none of the uncclean outfit ever been born With such men as these the courtesan came into popular favor t They sought the demimonde Among them they found boon companions and kindred spirits The life of both especially that of White has been one grand hypoccrisy True enough all this impels one to infer that there is something radically wrong with our social system and a decided change is necessary Tin fault lies with our socalledaristocracy and their brutal iudillereuce which like a deadly poison per colates through the underlying straUi and threatens to eliminate womanly continence from the world The masculine Itaders oi swell society are not Jo sephs and there is not one among them who would with deliberationoverdo Josephs part On the con trary they ask to be forgiven a score or more of mistresses but would readily damn a woman for one fault one sin Again we might suggest that it is not every woman who is willing to play Pauline to Claude Meluotte and wear upon her person a cestus of bleeding hearts The Blade readily concedes the fact that no man can violate the Seventh Commandment without con siderable assistance but nine times out of ten he is the tempter It is a pitiful circumstance and a reproach upon our social system that a man injures his character far worse by the theft of a mule than he does by the deliberate theft of maidenly purity Society looks upon the latter crime as a mere mat ter of course but will send him to the penitentiary if caught for the former The male leper may be received in high society permitted to pay court to his neighbors daughter but the horse thief is alto gether and irremediably corrupt Man knows that the stain of lechery is upon him but in the mad swirl he forgets his victim and struggles on con scously towards the stars He may have a sincere regard for the purity of his own wife and daughter but enjoys a reckless disregard for his neighbors rights To give wider license to men harmonizes neither with the canons of decency or common sense Man must learn that there is such a thing as shame and once this fact is firmly engrafted upon his moral being the world will be better for it The Blade did not intend to indulge in such a lengthy discussion of an unsavory subject when this editorial comment upon the Thaw White trag edy but once fairly launched into it there was so much could be said and stillmuch more that might have been said that we are bound to refrain lest our readers grow weary We now close by assert lug that man cannot draw inspiration to lofty deeds from dishonor that no man or woman can continue to be grand after they have ceased to be good Social infamy is the open sesame then to death and dis honor s e a NEWSPAPERS ABSORBING THE FUNCTIONS OF JURY TRIALS During a recent jury trial in Lexington where a man was accused of a capital crime the learned counsel for the defendant took occasion to remark to the jury that newspaper verdicts dont go in this court What ever might have been tllO motive that existed in the mind of this disciple of Black stone to prompt the remark there was much of force in the thought for it isa matter of public knowledge that the newspapers have for the most part usurped the functions of the juries and proceed to try a person accused of crime in many in stances forming a public opinion in the case either of bias or prejudice We are truly livng in an age of progress and no where is this shown more clearly than in the evolution of English jurisprudence us it has filtered through the American constitution and gradually but with considerable success relieved the petit juror of many of the exacting responsibilities Time was not so very long when twelve men good and true chosen from the vicinage were supposed to be quite capable of ascertaining the facts from the evidence whenever a fellowcitizen got in bad with the grand jury That is all changed now The newspapers have taken over most of the jurors du ties This is proven by the many men who confess to entertaining an opinion on the question of guilt or innocence simply from reading the newspaper accounts of the alleged crime All the juror has to do now is to tell whether he be married or not if he has any children of the same age and sex as the defendant whether he is prejudiced against cer tain nationalities or races and if he is of legal age This is all now that is required to qualify him From this point the press gets in its work First the defendant is photographed and his picture is published If she be a woman she is photographed in different attitudes and is snapshotted every time she crooks her elbow to see if her hat is on straight Scores of criminologists fresh from the sanctum hover about her This one writes a char acter study which is given over for publication An other tells how innocent she was at the age of four years Another polls all the women in the neigh borhood to find out what they would want the jury to do if their daughter were on trial for the same offense and so on ad infinitum ad nauseum Whether all this simplifies matters as far as jury trials arc concerned may be a question of consider able doubt Naturally it makes the story of the crime more ornate and this is the main thing the newspapers of today desire As a matter of fact the criminal code in Kentucky was conceived on justice and framed on mercy There is little chance of an innocent person failing to get a square deal No juror or at least not one in many hundreds really wishes to convict and all of them practically hope to be able to acquit when sworn in It is possible that there may be a miscarriage of justice through error but in such an event there is a rem edy for that in the higher tribunals The jury system needs considerable improve ment It is far from being perfect and affording that full protection for which it was established jurisprudencejusticealways a perfect shield The tendency of themod ern newspaper does not improve matters but make them worse z From the Commercial Tribune MAKES BRILLIANT- ORATION AT CRAVE Dr J B Wilson Well Knows Freethinker Delivers Address at Mrs Williamsons Funeral NO SINGING OR PRAYING Prof John Burke Speaks at Hous Before Remains are Carried to Cemetery The funeral of Mrs Elizabeth Wil liamson wife of the late Captain John Williamson and the aunt of Josephine K Henry the noted Kentucky Free thought and womans rights advocate took place yesterday afternoon in Evergreen Cemetery There was no minister present and the services were conducted without singing and without prayer Prof John Burke former Superintendent of the Newport Schools spoke at the house At the grave Dr J B Wilson the wellknown Cincinnati Freethinker delivered an oration that was considered so much of a classic by those who heard it that It is herewith printed in full Dr Wilson said No Ebbing In Humanitys Wave When we look abroad in the world there seems to be no ebbing in the great waves of humanity Birth life and death are in perpet ual flux Eternal change is everywhere Almost as fast as human beings are ushered into existence they pass out of it In comes the infant and out goes the gloriously nature builds up and as mercilessly she tears down Fortunate are many who live but a few brief days or years and fortunate are the many who live not to be too old But few of us can look upon death philosophically because our affections sway our natures and it is well that it is so Cling to Those Dear to Us No matter how young and no matter how old still we cling to those near and dear to us and it is well that it is so It is wall that love lasts long estCarelessly Joyously we sit around our firesides until the specter dreaded by us all comes in and one is taken from our mIdsthands that have ca ressed us eyes that have beamed love upon us bosoms upon which have rested our wearied heads lips whose kisses have dried our tears and eased our heart pains locks that have fallen over us like a bath of beautyare hidden at last beneath tho shroudfolds- We come and stand around the steep edges of the grave as we lower the loved form hear the heavy rumble of the clods and swift memories of all the loved one was to us surge thick in our brains and in a burst of pas sonata grief it seems that we never never again can still the cry of our aching Finally Drift But the days rise and setdimly at first and seasons come and go and by little and little the weight rises from the heart and the shadows drift from before the eyes till we feel again the spirit of gladness and see again the old beauty of the world Again the morning lifts her eyes smilingly upon us as she comes through her bright gates trailing her crimson robes through the dew Again the rose bowers of summer have their wealth of fragrance and varied charms- Again orchard and meadow are bright with blossom and vocal with melody Sun Again Sclntlllant Again the sun is sclntlllant in his azure shield and again the moon glows enchantingly whether she have all her golden filling or hangs like a silver ring in the blue arching of the sky It is thug we come into this great mystery we call life and thus we go outIt is thus our heartstrings are torn and thus they are mended It is thus joy displaces sorrow and It is thus nature has provided a smile to take the place of every frown As others have had to pass out of life to make room for us so we in turn pass out of life to make room for the unborn It is natures inexorable decree Gradual forgetfulness and finally utter oblivion is the fate of us all At last we go to mingle with the elements ana become a part of tha stern clod which the rude swain turns with his share and treads upon And this is all of existence that we know anything about Nature Receives All In silence to her bosom nature re ceives both the good and the bad She glvcth all she taketh all back to herself the Jew the Catholic the Protestant the Agnostic the Pagan the Sav age each as sweetly sleeps on her Ing breast The sun shines as brightly the rainfalls as gently the flowers bloom as lovely tho birds sing as gladly the winds play as softly over the grave of one as over the grave of another Abe ono who died by faith hath no preeminence over the one who died with reason for his guide Meet Natures Indifference With nature belief is no virtue un belief no crime Whether orthodox or heterodox it Is all the same and as each and all lie down to that eternal rest called death thy meet with naught but natures calm indifference Our good Christian friends tell us that tho future consists of a heaven of eternal happiness and a hell of eternal mlseij and that only the few who en tertain their belief wdl be rewarded with eternal bliss and all those who are indifferent to or who oppose their belief will suffer eternal punishment in that other unspeakable place This is the most cruel Judgment the most infinite conceit the most gigantic illusion of the human mind People believe as they must as their brains are shapedas to race climate and environment Not Formed to Believe Alike Nature has not formed men to believe alike therefore punishment for a difference of belief is unnatural a tyranny that contains not even a shadow of the substance of Justice There is no cruelty conceivable equal to that of a God creating man kind imperfect and to believe differ ently and then to torture them for ever and over for their imperfections and differences of belief This good woman whom we are laying away to her eternal rest lived to outgrow and repudiate tho many myths of theology and especially that monstrous dogma of damnation which for so many centuries has poisoned the happiness and hindered the pro gross of mankind- In Its sympathies and compassions humanity in general is fast rejecting this horrible belief which makes a veritable monster of the Almighty How much longer will men tinuo to imprint this vicious nightmare of a savage theology upon the plastic brain of trustful childhood Know Nothing of Future Of the future we ah know that none of us know anything We can only hope and dream and wait We feel that somewhere there is a celestial key that makes of the puzzle of life a king dom where all is harmony and justice and satisfaction But no religion or creed of all tho many in the world holds a first mort gage on the future existence or controls its government All such claims are but childish pretense or bigoted as has not obligated you or me or any one to give our intellectual sanction or attach ourselves to the Christian or to any other superstition We can all believe in Providence ih a Supreme Power of some kind and in a future life and hope to meet again without prostituting our intelli gence to a belief in the impossible mIr- acles ghostly parentages foolish myths savage jUdgments and cruel hells which theology has transmitted to mankind out of the wonder Ignor ance and fear which clouded the brains of men through the dark night of the of Goodness We may reject any and all creeds and still be good honest upright progressive merciful and loving Nature intended that the brain ot man should be free to think and to doubt and not that it should bo clamped to a creed or fettered to a fear Just as the human mind has been liberated from the prison of the past just so has humanity progressed Just so has ute grown sweeter and grand cd Just as we have escaped from fear of the Almighty and of an eternal hell more and more have we come to look upon life philosophically and put a nigher value on it and less and less has grown the fear of the grave Why should tho grave be terrible Why should it be a word of fear Jarring on the mortal ear There repose and silence dwell fho living hear the funeral knell But the dead no funeral knell can hear Does the gay flower scorn the grave The dew forget to kiss its turf The stream refuse to bathe it or the beam Of moonlight shun the narrow bed There the tired pilgrim rests his head No the moon is theo and shining too And the sweetest song of the morning birds oft in that ancient yew tree heard And there you may sea the harebell blue- Bending Ills light form gently proudly And listen to the fresh winds loudly Playing around your sod as gay As if it were a holiday And children freed from durance they Lifes Pride Stops Hero the pomp and pride of ute come to a stop ticro rank and station find the end Social distinctions no further The worm awaits the millionaire a well as the pauporthe Archbishop as well as the heretic and all the bar tiers built ln hie between man and man whetuer from diversity of uioufcht ironi race riches or religIon Mere vanished forever in this silent city tuis democracy of tiio dead vo now consign the body of this iuuca coved wife mother neighbor and friend to the peaceful grave believing that ono common destiny awaits all luuiuunu wkolhOr that end bo life everlasting or an eternal sleep All Fear is Absent And while we lay her away with rovercnco and respect with sorrow and retire all fear is absent for nowhere nas nature inspired any lear If there oe anotner life tar which we all hope it will be well with her If not it win still bo well for it will bo as nature Intended and from her decisions there s no recourse To nature tnen our universal mother we now give bade her own With all her sweet influences rest thee dear friend under the blue can opy of the sky in whose azuro fields cue billowing clouds mass and scatter clear fleecy folds Rest thee at the limpid lambent lour of lisping day and when the tingling earth thrills with tho warm Kisses of the midday sun and when still evening pins back tho curtains of the night and reveals the ever new nor n wonders of the startide Lifes Trials Over Forever past the trials of life and free from all its sorrows and palnlJIsleep on Sleep on while the eternal seasons unceasingly rollthrough the pudding springtimes when the apple Doughs laugh into blossom and the primroses play with tho sunchino tmcush the effulgent sumnfers robed In lowered green and thrilled with sylvan song through tho russet autumns when the draped trees are dipped In blood or stand in rival rows of gold through the wan weird winters which shrcud the graves of tho dear loved dead with their fleecy robes of un tracked snow Sleep on It will be as twill be and it is well that it is not given for us to know Thou art gone as we all must goto sweet oterna rest forever to min ale with natures mysterious moods like the morning star melts Into the glorious effulgence of the perfect day To do Good Our Religion Puntagorda Fla Editor DladaIThey can organize to stay If t not tie millstones around their necks in the way of long platforms and be iI doCs Let their platform be TheA World is our Home and to do is our Religion the BI al religious miracles are a lot of ta Claus stories made by the Gooatleather their own nests The foregoing is enough piston constitution with which to win world for every Freethinker can on it and think as he pleases Let them organize wherever two or three Iandthe human race By all means they should have Sunday Schools to drill tho children in good manners politeness and to sing patriotic songs Freethinkers this or ganization will stay and soon route superstition and witcnourners ISAAC H TRABUE The Blade is needs new sub scribers We must double our cir culation to make it pay Send us- a few new subscribers 1toIt traverses a territory rich in undeveloped resources a territory containing unlimited possibilities for agriculture horticulture stock rais ing mining and manufacturing And last but not least It Is The Scenic Route for Tourists The Frisco System now often theI traveling public excellent service and fast time Between St Louis and Kansas City and points In Missouri Kansas Arkansas Oklahoma Indian Territory Texas and tne Southwest Between Kansas City and points in Tennessee Alabama Mississippi Georgia Florida and the Southeast Between Birmingham and Mem phis and points In Kansas Arkansas Oklahoma Indian Territory Texas and the West and Southwest Full information as to route and rates cheerfully furnished upon appli cation to any representative of the Company or to Passenger Traffic Department 9Cnmmerdal Building ula I ir i tr 1