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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 30, 1906. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1906 blu1906093001 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 30, 1906. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1906 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. ttri d 7 i t rNighand HETJE GRAS8 BLADEWE AIM TO CUT DOWN ERROR AND ESTABLISH TRUTH i VOLUME XV NUMBER 26 LEXINGTON KENTUCKY SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 30 1906PU LISHED WEEKLY 9100 A Y EAR IN ADVANCE fSJllIES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher t TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION One issue for one year 100 in advance In clubs of Five NEW subscribers 50 cents eachfx riierms100 per year in advance foreign sub scription 150 per year TFive new subscribers sent for one year for 250 1Send your subscription by registered letter post t office or express money order New York draft- bV and if personal checks are sent add t ollection L charges as local banks charge for collecting same f I ffMafe all money orders drafts checks etc pays be to Janus Iv llimlu Lexington Ky When Wu change your address advise this office giving your old as well as the new address When you send your subscription nay wtrImti in are a ner or old V he address slm on the paper will sho e piratioi of on and serve as a recoipt as the date changelJs soon as thee subscriber pays Jtfcriptions to theBlade are not discontinued at J ky So lir d1J1theeJch c tThourts invariably hold a subscriber responsible to the publisher for the subscription price M of all papers received until the paper is pairl for in full and up to date and ordered discon tinued Office of Publication is located at 153 W Short Si Lexington Kentucky V x fEntered at the post office at Lexington Kentucky- as Second Class Mail Matter e Address all communication to Blue Grass Blade B P 0 Box 393 Lexington Kentucky i EDITORIALI Iit s rr III II + + ++ I II II + r Begin boosting Revolutions never move backwards srY i JPillsare calculated to move quicker than prayer 1 tlsaccess Selfconfidence is the first step toward personal Better send in that new subscriber now instead 7of waiting till next week f It is a safe assertion that no man was ever capa blo of honestly earning one million dollars r As a paying proposition the religion of Christ isnt worth an old song with a mocking bird thrown in to sing it r r Put every American citizen upon an industrial parity and they will speedily work out their own IJ salvation minus the preachers r To seek salvation through prayer is less useful f than trying to peep through the knot hole in papas wooden leg a s r r r If we are unable to agree upon who is right we can readily decide which is wrong and that is worth something Experience is a wise teacher Some of our ultrapious brethren fondly imagine t that they have soared so near the sum that they fancy they have caused a melting of the wax on their wings 0 From the very foundation of the world false hood has been the defensive weapon of the fool Assail MOl with logic and he answers with lies d Lash him with sarcasm ahd ho retorts wth calumy Impale him on the rapier of truth and he deluges you with a brutal defamation The wellbred gen kYtleman is ever ready to break a lance in an intel fit 5 lectual tourney but the Blade can hardly believe that the editor of the Princeton Tribune is a Kentuckian He has yet to learn that abuse is not ar gument and he should be taught to leave the throw ing of stink pots to Chinamen r a Common sense proclaims that government cannot enrich us It is our dependent It cannot be our patron Without us government would perish If it advances the private fortune of but one person it must he at the expense of all r r r In spite of Roosevelts reform spelling system the average Englishman will continue to insist that it is just as otIC if spelled with one ell as if it were spelled with two ells r r r There has never been a time an hour or a minute when the patrimony of the preacher great or small useful or otherwise did not come from the thin purse of poverty and the chubby hand of child hood Shame on a crew that depends for its sup port on such a source Ecumenical councils will never be able to effec tively settle the divorce question by refusing to marry divorces If persons desirous of marriage cant get what they want that way they will seek other avenues The clergy have got to learn that it is useless trying to compel a man and woman to live together after the winged god of love has flew the coop r r GOD AND THE BIBLE Instead of judging the Bible by God you under take to judge God by the Bible and herein is the cause of your infidelity Did you understand God correctly you would not refuse to believe in him and serve him The foregoing statement is taken from a critical communication sent to the Blade with the requst that the name of the writer be withheld and the communication not published although a reply is solicited We have no means to determine whether the reply was to be a secret also or whether an open reply in the columns of the Blade was de sired but while carefully concealing the author thereof and consigning the communication to the flames the Blade indulges in a brief criticism of- Elie ii b Ice Evidently Our kindly critique would have us judge the Bible by God but how we can be capa ble of sodoing when we know not God is beyond our comprehension On the other hand the Bible is the only authority we have concerning God and as that book undertakes to describe him to portray his actions and conduct while in charge of his chos en people we are compelled to judge of his characteristics in the light of that authority and no other This being true then we can only say that as God is unchangeable the same yesterday to day and forever then his characteristics when he interested himself in the affairs of this world must be his characteristics in any other world Granting this then we go further and say that we want no such God in ours and we are willing to turn him over to the aborigines for dissection God is but a human invention and a miserably poor one at that The Bible is but a human pro duction both crude and barbarous tho outcome of superstitious and ignorant age Had the Blade been consulted when god was turned out of the factory it would have asked for the blessed privil eges of putting on a few finishing touches Had the Blade been present when the Bible was writtten and compiled there is much that would never have been printed Did the Blade feel in need of a god it could make a better deity than that worshipped by orthodox Christians Did the Blade desire a Bible it would turn to the great book of nature and reap therein the true value of life and living It is a physical impossibility to judge the Bible by God It is far easier to judge God by the Bible and the picture given is one that repels instead of at trating disgusts instead of elevating Man in his ignorance has called in vain to hearken to the voice of god but never an answer has come from behind the veil He has listened with all the intensity of his inquiring nature but no sound falls upon his ear With outsretched hands he has implored the silence but it remained silence still Eager to learn and to know he turned to what men had writ ten concerning god but he found his a monster who played with humanity to satisfy a grim sar donic humor God has ever been a thick black cloud across the horizon of human thought The Bible has been a hindrance rather than a help to human progression The race is better off with neither Although refusing to believe in the existence of deity for lack of evidence we do not hesitate to absolutely deny the existence of the god of the Bible Such a being is an impossibility A withering blight has fallen upon every people who have formed and entertained a belief in him Ho sets father against son mother against daughter broth er against brother Such influences are baneful As for the Bible well it will not be long ere it is relegated to the shelf with all the magic books of ho past to be pondered over by some solitary anti quarian occasionally but never again to cast the Upas shade over the race Just as God was the cry of the savago to everything he could not un edrstand so if the cry of ignorance when confront a iiZ 4k to 1 t l7 ed by the facts of modern science which it is una ble to grasp or comprehend With all respects for the honest opinion of oth ers our critique is in serious error and the proposition submitted is an indication that he or she is still groping in the dark fearful of that light which is so hurtful to weak eyes r THE NEGRO QUESTION UP AGAIN Once again the nation is shocked by the horrors of pillage and murder because of the racial differ ence between the whites and the blacks in the south and the terrible situation now prevailing at Atlanta is furnishing abundant food for ethmolo gists as well as material for editorial on both sidesfWith the termination of the civil war it was fondly hoped that the race question was settled but it isnt Every now and then it crops out from unexpected places The north cannot settle it by sentiment The south cannot settle it by violence Both sentiment and violence lead to disaster through the motive be different The mawkish sentimentality of the north only spurs on the de praved of the negro race to deeds of further hor ror while the violence in the South repels and irritates them The result is a misunderstanding all round 16 has been freely predicted that the whole question will resolve itself into a race war in which the whites of both north and south will combine against the blacks There is no need of this and useful lives may be spared a loss of blood prevented by a careful and judicial disposition of the issues These issues are serious and they will force attention sooner or later The political freedom con ferred upon the negro by a stroke of the pen has done him no good His education has made him sullen and indifferent Take a negro with white blood in his veins a human monstrosity generally and he believes himself superior to the rest of his race ills one desire is for social equality with the white man and being denied that he refuses to consort with his kind The result is that he keeps aloof from both and becomes nine times out of ten a modern pariah It took the Caucasian race a thousand years of painful labor and toil to acquire that condition when it was capable of selfgovern meat but the negro was granted in a night trans 6t dulJJlI twisaagoLO u lrcccqUU un pu litical sovereign The Blade is not capable of suggesting a remedy save one namely deportation This may seem im possible as many now contend claiming that in the South the negro is an industrial necessity o account of the climate and character of labor This is a mistake and a fatal one There is no climate where the negro can live and work but what th white man can live and work equally as well an better True this question does not appeal to th people of the north as it does to the people of th south When three white women are outraged i one night by bestial blacks it is enough to ineens- the people of any community For years the men of the south have never been safe beyond th reach of their husbands rifle Childhood has bee debauched when left unprotected These conditions are intolerable and whtherit be in Atlanta Ga or in Springfield Ohio the result is the same As no question is settled until it is settled right- ime hope of the nation is that some genie may arise and point out a satisfactory solution without this resort to bloodshed Industrial conditions in the south even in Ken tacky are not improved by the presence of the ne gro In spite of the demand for labor it is impos sible to secure it at good wages To such an exten- is this felt that Kentucky is soon to entertain an immigration convention the object of which is to maintain an agent in Europe for the purpose of directing a desirable class of immigrants to thi state to take the place of the negro It may be tha the solution will be found here but the probability is that when the negro finds that he is of less im portance in time industrial economy of Kentucky that his place in the field factory and mine has been taken and is occupied by another race then crowded out the race may assume even worse aspect and then if the trouble has to come it will be imminent Of course the Blade admits and realizes that the negro did not come to our shores of his own consent He was brought hero a slave But he is not necessarily a fixture It is useless to try to harmonize the races and the American nation to day would have been far better off if Ham had slipped off the gangplank as he was trying to get into the ark No matter from what point we view the situation these spasmodic uprisings with their consequent killings portend a greater catashrophe in the future unless something happens to check it r r r r Legal honesty is of that brand usually proclaim ed as being the best policy Dives may be legally honest even a church member in good standing but his loyalty to legal forms will avail him but little when he finds his daiment on fire and no wa ter in sight Only fools will risk the penitentiary to fill their purse America has oodles of men in every community who are honest within the law but morally rotten These are the effects of a prurient religion that ought to have been put on tile shelf of antiquity long years ago ii ff1iIIf rtJwiWiir SHALL WE PUBLISH WRITINGS- OF CHARLES 0 MOORE IN BOOK FORM Observing readers of the Blade will doubtless have noticed that from time to time suggestions have been made by the personal admirers of our late editor Charles C Moore that a good and ac ceptablo way of perpetuating his memory in addi tion to what has been done would be to collabor ate and publish in book form the best of his writ ings extending over a period when his mind first turned to Freethought up to the day of his death We now have this matter under serious considera tiogandwe desire an expression of opinion from our readers thereon In the first place the Blade is of the opinion that a course is due to the memory of Mr Moore but as our readers well know we have not the financial means at our disposal to secure at least enough advance subscriptions to guarantee the cost of publication The pre nt management of the Blade is willing to undertake its publication pro vided such a guarantee could be given The idea we have In view is to prepare a hand somely bound volume of about 150 or 200 pages with good leather covers and the name of each sub scriber embossed on his or her book in gold letters thereby giving an individuality to the volume it self as being the emanations of the intellect of Mr Moore and a personal association by linking the name of the subscriber with that of his Such a book ought to bejpublished in very nice form at a cost of about one dollar per copy while the publi cation of a collection of writings from Mr Moores brain and pen will be a fitting tribute to him and anerracquisition to any library be it that of a Freethink er or otherwise So far no special effort has been made by Freethinkers to keep the memory of Mr Moore green pamphletThese however are the products of other brains suggestisductions and which being carefully selected will constitute the best of his writings at a time when he enjoyed a strong mentality a vigorous and Kentuckyinhave been preserved to complete such a volume and h p iHJ 11 t 1 rit ought to he done rIf we could secure an Advance subscription of one thousand copies at the prices suggested its success would be assured and a rea sonable compensation allowed for the work of com hearnour prop osition Regarding the subscriptions we do not ask the senddyour name as a to beewhennandesoon as five hun theuare ver our readers say so by sending in their names Of course with many of our readers Mr Moores contwas by him edited by him and published at a loss for years So long as the Blades lives the name of Charles C Moore can never die out from the minds and hearts of Freethinkers Still there are gener ations yet to come who cannot know Mr Moore as moretBlade to keep his name up The present genera tion will pass away in time and the intellectual per sonality of Mr Moore will diminish with them Behindtbut these are mere generalized specialized efforts and do note contain the wealth of argument that many of his other writings possess It is these other writings we suggest ought to be preserved putserved and disseminated Readers what shall we do about it Give us your notions on the subject Would you like n copy if published THE BIRTH OF CHRIST WAS THIS WISE There are two important factors in connection with the alleged birth of Jesus affecting his Mes siahship his supposed mission which the partic pants in the discussion that has been given in the columns of the Blade appear to have overlooked It is made sufficiently clear that in order to estab lish his claim to bo the Messiah and the fulfilment of prophecy two things must concur namely that he must be of the house and lineage of David and he must have been born without human interven conceptionGlancingtruly remarkable and stupenduous event the claim cvidelcethataccept them If ono of the claims is admitted or acceptedas true then it destroys the claims for Continued on Page 4 first column 4 tL rt RATIONALISMAND Comparison and Analysis of EthicalI Questions From a Christian ndI Freethought Point of View By LOU LAWRENCE The relation between Rationalism and Morality has long been an absorbing question to my mind By majority I mean such conduct as is calculated to crease the sum total of human happiness In ethics as in all else everything is relative There is no Absolute Right and conduct may be either good or bad as it is viewed from different points or with reference to different individuals Not to enter into a discussion of the Philosophy of Ethics however but sidering the subject as governed by the plainest rules of right livingby the common and accepted estimate of morality as founded upon justice and fidelity to self and others we still have the tion Docs Rationalism make men and women better citizens better neighbors better parents better husbands and wives or better friends than docs a be lief in the Christian religion That a belief in the mass of Bible stories and the various tenets on which tile many Christian sects are founded cnn not be conducive to the mos perfect morality is beyond question byry liberal thinker Faith in the Vicarious Atonement never made man tell the truthl A belief in Virgin Motherhood is no gument for social purity The Manufac ture of wine at Cana of Galilee is poor material on which to lound a Prohibition campaign But at the present day Ministers of the Gospel are prone to ignore religious dogma and fable and to lay stress upon personal goodness and it is a fact that many are influenced for their own good and the good of ty by these teachings and while the teaching is purely ethical and not gious it is done in the name of religion and at the expense of religious institu my mind it seems perfectly reasonable that Rationalism Naturalism should have a greater influence for good than any system of supernaturalism I do not mean that Mature the sum total of phenomena has in its entirety anymore regard for human happiness than the Christian God but I do mean that when we have read supernatural interference with human happiness out of human affairs we are better able to understand the effect of individual and social conduct We are then in position and condition to realise that every act 1rantonce rtfa v tnffp tinul a caused an effect of past acts and present environ r ment a cause of future conduct and present and future weal or woe Realising these facts and that it is but the effect of conduct that makes it good or bad it does seem that Rationalists have larger opportunity and greater centive to apply reason to their manner of living and dealing with their fellow men than do their Christian brothers and that it behooves them to lay greater stress on moral character and less on theological belief To those who care for nothing but to rid the world of all shades of religious superstition this may not seem important but to those who are wise enough to see that before we can hope to succeed in that attempt we must give the people an ideal to take the place of the ideals to which they so fond ly cling the subject certainly appeals for says You must not steal or lie or you cannot go to Heav en but the Rationalist can say You must not rob your neighbor or lie to him because that would be conceding his right to rob and deceive you Now un doubtedly the fear of present loss and deception will have much greater weight with the average man than any consider ation for a heaven which is very unreal to even those who believe they believe in its existence Thus the impetus given to moral instruction from a Rationalistic standpoint is much greater than when backed by nothing more than theological plantitudes In making the above comparison I have implied the principle that we con cede to our neighbor the right to treat us as we treat him No system of mor als will bear the light of criticism or the tests of experience which does not have this idea embodied in its funda mental principles and no man when he stops to think can rightfully call him self a Rationalist who does not apply the rule to every line of conduct When he stops to think Aye theres the rub Now many of us ever stop to think about real practical moral ity morality as it would be if governed by that Reason of which we are so wont to boast Is it not too true that most of us slide along in the conventional morn grooves which are supposed though wrongly to be of Christian origin Is it not too true that we spend time and en ergy in an effort to correct the theologi cal errors of others instead of looking sufficiently into the moral errors of our own lives Will not a majority of us make greater effort to convince a Chris tian that the dogma of Original sin is propostetrous than we would make to lift a burden from the shoulders of a brother Rationalist or help him along on the way to health and happiness We boast our superior intelligence in rising above belief in Special Providence and ignore the consequences of our conduct and the effect of our example We think and talk too much in the abstract Wo boast that we would not brutalize our selves by crushing the worm at our feet at the same time arc we not as ready to crush to agony a human con sciousness as the most benighted Chris tian Do we not wake earth and heaven with our outcries against the sins of the popes priests and laity of past genera tionsi and then fall in with the sins of our own Are we more just more truthful more temperate more candid more sympathetic more charitable and more liberal than the average of the Christians around us If we are not if we practice the same shams if we resort to the same deceptions if we harbour the same jealousness if we foster the same unjust greed if we delude crowd and crush our fellowmen of what profit are all our boasted philosophies 0 butt says one we have the truth about gods heavens hells and immoral ity We know there never was a miraculous revelation We know that the universe and allots phenomena are gov erned by lawis an unbroken sequence of cause and effect Very well my brother but of what good is all this truth if it docs not make you a better man than he who does not have it Of what use is it to know that ther is no heaven after death if we proceed to take all the heaven out of this life Of what use is it to know that there is no hell beyond the grave if we persist in adding our mite toward making a hell this side of it In my opinion the time has come when the antiChristian forces must stand for something more than nibro opposition to theological error A majority of the people have imbibed the idea that gion is progressive in its nature and has a perfect right to absorb the facts of scincco and adjust itself to modern knowledge That the assumption is damentally false has little weight with the average thinker because the average thinker does not go into fundamentals believes in the religion of today and unless we who have the truth about god and so many other truths at our finger tips can convince him that tte moral philosophy connected with out truths is on a higher plane than that connected with his religion he is gob to stick to his religion And to convince him of its worth that philosophy must be put into practi- ceWHATS IN A KISS When Kings Meet the Osculatory is Ttto a Cnvr Piillinir Her Hoof out of Mud Puddle From an international peace point of view the recent kingkaiser kissing feast may augur well but thereis not a well informed person in the great round world who will believe that the kiss was ingly given actually enjoyed by the participants or to be taken as an augury brotherly love save and except for tile fact that both are engaged in the same game of bunko Still the lords of war and bounty feeders appendages of nn Institution that has lost its value if it ever possessed any ought to have been carefully in their osculatory demonstra f tions Suppose Edward had but recently dined off some of that English canned meat which experts say contain innumerable disease germs there might have been a danger n fatality arising iron contact On the other hand suppose William had but just got away with a hunk of Limberger cheese the aroma that would be procolating through his molars must have been something fearful to contemplate It is an ancient custom emanating from mediaeval times that monarch should greet monarch with a kiss It was a sign to the people of both tries that peace between them was sured but history reveals the fact that many of these kisses were given in much the same manner as Judas is said to have kissed Christ in the garden of Gethsamene a kiss of betrayal of make lielieve a kiss of imposture ning and deceit Voltaire said that he could not comprehend how it was poss ble for two priests to meet without laughing presumably in their sleeves and no doubt kings kiss each other for similar reasons and because they have nothing better to kiss which would ar more preferable did the opportunity offer As a matter of fact if all reports true Edward Juts lavished innumerable kisses upon the dizzy females who came within reach during his younger days and one kiss more or less in his years that are sered and yellowed with age can make but little difference As a social rite the kiss is growing stale and unprofitable It is flat and interesting It is worse than using a community toothbrush or swapping chewing gum The dear ladies when making social calls use the kiss to ceive an effort to make the recipient relieve there is n keen delight and pleas ure in the contact whereas in truth it is not only provpcativo of nausea but the death of genuine sentiment The custom of kissing the bride which still prevail in many communities professing not only civilization but the acme of aestheticism ought to be abolished law under severe pains and penalties In one of her previous articles Mrs Clc f had something to say on this subject which were both timely and pointed mid at that season the Blade thought and wondered why a modest woman who has done nothing worse than to marry should be compelled to kiss a company f men and women and sample every kind of aroma arising from diseased stomachs The preacher or magistrate who per forms the ceremony usuaay claims the right to consecrate the first fruits of the Lord byplanting a kiss on tho ruby lips of the bride and what he may chance to leave is given to groom as sweet incense to a loving lord If there is any truth in the theory of the mcdicists that disease baccili lurgs upon the lips of beauty it would be well could such brides turn a herd of them loose at such n season and kill a dozen or more of those who late to insult her by such properly administered are pow erful antidotes for many of the ills of this life Watch baby as it falls and re ceivcs some trivial injury Mother rushes to it at the first cry and locating the point of injury covets it with her kisses and the infant stops its tears struggles to get free and goes through the same process again and again As bo tween men and women a kiss should be a sacred thing As between man and mon whether they be kings or subjects it should be abolished as it is supremely disgusting Properly taken on the in stallment plan and when selected with care a kiss is calculated to restore a misplaced appetite and make the blood to sing Were it true that false Egypt kissed the cold lips of her dead Anthony it were enough to have brought him bock to life and love Whats in a kiss It is the seal of a genuine love a token of sincere devo tion and shrnld never be given unless prompted by the best impulses of the heart It may not raise the dead but it is an excellent tonic The feeling of kiss is best described by Byron as he pic tures Mars lynig with his head in the lapof Venus Feeding on thy sweet cheek while thy lips are With lavakisses melting while they burn Showered on his eyelids brow and Igmouth as from an urn HOW CONGRESS GOT THE AUTHORITY To Donate Large Tracts of Land in the West to Corporations A Good An 11swer to an Important Question r By JUDGE PARISH B LADD I am just in receipt ofa letter from A B Barrett of Becbe Ark in which ho asks me where Congress got the thority to donate large bodies of land to corporations and asked me to answer through your piper which I do as fol lows At the time of the formation Ifof our government the state of Virginia ceded to the general government the great north western territory western boundary unknown When our govern mcnt purchased the territory of Louisiana from France it was sparsely set tied The title to all the public lands by this purchase vested in the Federal eminent The same was true as to the public lands of Florida where we ac quired title to that country from Spain Following this our general government acquired title to all the public lands ced cd by Mexico at the close of our war with that Republic By these various purchases and cessions the Federal Gov eminent acquired an absolute title to all the unclaimed lands from ocean to ocean except as to Arizona which fell to our government by right of dis covert Being the owner of this property the government like an individual owner could dispose of it by gift or sale as it thought best and give a per feet title tthcreto This is an inherent power belonging to all sovereign states Besides tile constitution confers on the General Government power to manage its property SOUND ADVICE Theres a cheery little proverb It is very well to heed In a world where pain and sorrow Are quite plentiful indeed If you would not lave them double Then keep this well in view To never trouble trouble Until trouble troubles you Dont think when clouds gather You arc certain to be drowncIIh The very darkest tempest May quickly blow around And up above the blackness Shines evermore the blue So never trouble trouble Until trouble troubles you Oftlimes a gloomy morningIPrecedes a sunny daymSo without word of warning Our trials slip away What pangs we oft have suffered From ills we never knew So never trouble troubles Until trouble troubles you J irQuit counting all bridges You may never have to c sJf a j Quit climbing all the ridges Of future pain and loss Tniilge on and do your duly To you and Conscience true And never trouble troubles Until trouble troubles you GO UP THOU BALDHEAD Modern Theories Anent Elijah and His Whirlwind and Elisha With His All Devouring Bears By GEORGE VALE lu beginning this story I must remind my readers that the Old Testament is a minglingof allegory a true story told in figurative sense and parable a story hidden under or within another apparently quite different and parables were always written that only the initiated should understand their real meaning Ami mingled with these is the history which called them forth In order to un derstand these two parables we must remember that the names of cities mean her only different conditions of stock market Beginning with the first of the secOnd chapter of II Kings we find the Lord the baron ready to send Elijah to heaven great wealth by a whirl winda figure used here to indicate the sudden destruction of fortunes of of some in the sudden acquiring of wealth by others Gilgal hero means high prices in the stock market and you wil observe that Elijah and Elisha went down to Bethel In otncr words they de pressed the price of stocks to a certain point And the sons of the prophets stock holders that were at Bethel came forth to Elisha and said unto him Knowcst thou that the Lord the baron 1will take away thy master from thy head today And he said yea know it hold ye your peace In reality the stock holders who were in the secret were totting one another that the baron was about to assist Elijah in sweeping tho marketand cautioning one another to keep the matter quiet as they of course would share the prophets There were fifty men in secret and when Elijah and Elisha had searched that point where they must choose between loosing the great fortunes awaiting them or repent of their cruelty in sweeping away the fortunes of others which point is here called river Jordon river of repentance they went over on dry ground Shed no tears of repentance Elisha noting the hardness of heart of Elijah requested that he givo him a uouuiu iNJMiuirui ll1lmi call it gall He was told that lie had asked a hard thing but was told also nevertheless if thou see me it shall be so unto thee The chariot horses nnd horsemen of tire are only a figure for the fire of selfish ambition which enabled Elijah to secure the great wealth here 1called heaven After Elijahs success Elisha began to lead investors The fifty mentioned who because of their hold ings were called strong men and who were to view to see him And they saw him and they cam eto meet him and bowed themselves to the ground before him Helped to bring down the price of stocks and they would have Elislia seek his master the baron for they said best peradventure the Spirit of greed this time of the Lord the baron loath taken him up and cast him upon some mountain haht prompted to raise the price of stocks or into some valley to depress market He at first refused but finally consented hut they found him not The baron would give them no tips Jericho being the figure for stocks at a low price the fifty complained that the water was naught the well which is a figure for investments from which an income is drawn as water from a well was yielding nothing And ho said bring me a new cruse and has salt therein salt is he Bible figure for money And they irought it Deposited money with him for investmtcnt And ho went forth unto the spring of the waters and cast the salt in there and said Thus saith tile Lord the baron I have healed these waters made the investment fitable there shall not bo from thence any more death or barren land And he went up from thence unto Bethel the price of stocks was raised and as he was going up by the way there came forth little children persons seeking vestments on stock market and called little children because of their nnocensc or ignorance concerning tures And those wouldbc investors mocked him mock means to imitate vested in shares as ho lied done and said unto him go up thou bald head Now the real bald head was a monkey so called because of tine tufts of hair on the sides of its head giving the head the appearance of being bald on the top At that time there were instead of bears bevines hears and bald heads e bald heads could climb higher thane bears And the investors were ing that Elisha bald head would carry the prices of stocks higher And he turned back and looked on them and cursed them in the name of the Lord the baron ordered the prices of stocks lowered which was done in his name curse here meaning loss And there came forth two she bears two 1 t women gamblers on the bear side of Ihe market caled tho wood because its my stories were hidden as persons might be in a forest and tare forty and two children of them wrecked the tunes of forty two investors And he went from thence to Mount Carmel the price of stocks was again raised even higher than Gilgal and he returned to Samaria another point Thus van ishes the story that was the terror of our childhood WHY IMITATE ORTHODOX CHRISTIANS Freethinkers do not Quote the Bible ly When Discussing the Rights of Woman By SUSAN J PECK In their attacks on Christians and their complaints of Bible marriage Freethinkers even their women freely quote such passages as shall lead their hearers or readers to suppose that the Bible contains nothing else arid surely nothing better and invariably omit those which all in support of the rights of woman That the state and the church have taken advantage of such de captive arts to enslave both women and men I do not deny but that tho Bible when quoted in full given nothing better I do deny most emphatically lowing is a quotation from Peter III which is at present going the rounds of the liberal press having for its object the instruction of women as to their helplessness because of the contents of the Bible and which quotation they give only in part but which I shall finish Likewise ye wives be in subjection to your own husbands But let it be the hidden man of the heart in that which is not corniptable even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit which is in the sight of God of great price I John iv8 God is love I Peter III Likewise yo husbands dwell with them according to knowledge giving honor unto the wife as unto the weaker vessels weak er physically and as being heirs to gether equals of the grace of life Eph v 21 For the husband is the head of tho wife even in like manner as Christ is head of the church and he is the Savior of the bodywhi ll makes the husbands office that of Savior of the wifes body Her body is to bj saved by him from overwork from coM hunger and disease from assaultfr01fthee forced maternity or e of abortion so prevalent Jn our Irsxit r aiiJarfau rr n rfrom others but especially from hlrnI seltIn support of this last assertion I quote I John iv 18 There is no fear in love but perfect love casteth out fear No wife with such a husband needs fear him even as a ttempter for Horn xiii Love worketh no ill to his neighbor therefore love is Jhe fulfilling of IliwISuch a husband in fulfilling the law of love is being prompted by the hidden man of the heart in that which is not corniptable And we read in Ephv 28 29 He that loveth is wife loveth him Belt For no man ever yet hated his own flesh but nourisheth and cherisheth it even as the Lord the Church by saving it from abuse Again I quote I John iv 10God is love Men prate of the mother lovo ns if it were sufficient to save the world and as if mothers could per form mens duty to mankind in Addition to their own Let them learn what love means as mothers know before they dare say There is no God The definition of the word honor is in partlITo reverence to manifest the highest veneration for in words and actions to entertain the most exalted tlwughts of also RoVer cnco veneration or any act by which reverence nnd submission are expressed Now sisters what better support do you need than is to be found in the New Testament In my opinion husbands will never be always suitors and wives always sweethearts until idea that famil rarity makes happiness has been elim from the human mind and men nnd women can content themselves with tho joy of living under the same roof and no amount of education law or lack of law can bring about their freedoim until all are come to understand that the act of generation is a sacred one which under no circumstances arid be weon no parties whether married or gle and under no amount of pressure known as passion should be performed for any purpose but that of generation for that purpose it was gjven and for no xcii 0 A brutish man know eth not neither doth afool understand this but animals understand it General as is adultery and its fool sis ters seduction and prostitution I have often in contemplating the situation found excuse for many men who seek the society of women outside their own homes and who I believe do so at first from no base motive butt because of a real heart hunger which can be satiated only with what is pure and clean nail the pure and clean is not to bo found in their own hdmes at least only for the stranger Such vile language some wives uso in conversation their husbands simply because they t r their husbands as is most sure to result in that contempt bred of familiarity and whichmust end in driving husbands abroad for a breath of fresh iar and indeed the saute longing drives the wives of men of careless speech and act to ad mit the acquaintance or friend to their homes where because of their false edu cation there is uanger to both THE HISTORYr OF RELIGION Meaning of the Word Consecrate and Its Application to the Central Figure Of Christianity By SUSAN J PECK A part of Websters definition of the word Consecrate is To enroll among the gods as a Roman emperor Any man then as havo written who was both the recipient whether merited or unmerited of the title Jesus and who was also the son of an emperor or king was called the Son of God while a man who rose from the masses receiving such titles was called the Son of nian anJ if he merited because of his honesty the title Jeans his cause being that of the com Imon people was mentioned as the cause of Son of Man Mark xiv 02 and yo shall see the Son of Man repre sentative of the people sitting on the right hand of pow r The right hand meant state and the left hand the church The house of Lords and the house of commons in England ilIustratesjthe difference between the and the Son of Man As there were manyIfalse Jesuses and false Jurists it often Iwppened that those who rose front among the people only pretended to pouse their cause while others were true shall soon bgin to separate teach ings and acts of the different Sons of God and Sons of Men as f find them in the New Testament But first we must understand that the different compilers at different times and under certain jdirectors who for their own purpose required it employed not only expansiou iuterpobation addition and omission ut transposition often indicated by the use of paragraph which gae us a book in which the records of tii I acts of its many characters are so angled or absorbed one by another at mislead the casual reader which v as the pur pose of its existence As an example of iVM trnnspositio we leave in Luke thcAIU Cesar A gustas instead of Augustus Cesar As the people ln different times in different placesVere followers of tcrnt Jesuses ar d different Christs under the eaaiing conditions A srt ono lto whichheir 1theirand all the others false even as tnV do today And as the false cJneswe striving only for worldly wealth ana power their teachings regarding heaven related to the acquiring of that same wealth and power While the real friends of the people as such friends always did and always will taught that heaven is the combination of bodily comfort and health and mental tranquil ity resulting from a sense of duty per formed and conscience heeded In evidence of their teachings in the self government of the individuals we have II Cor xlii 5 Know ye not your own selves how that Jesus Christ the conscience is in you In other words know yo not how that you may develop within yourselves aJesus Christ Rdm a ans xiv 5 One man esteemeth one day above another another esteemeth every day alike Let evry man be fully suaded in his own mind Col II Let no map therefore judge you in meat or in drink or in respect of a holyday or of new moon or of the Sabbath days Gal vIStand fast therefore in the lib crty wherewith Christ hath made us free John vO And it is the Spirit that beareth witness because the Spirit is truth II Cor iii Now the Lord the ruler within man is that Spirit and where Spirit of the Lord is there is liberty 1285 TO BIRMINGHAM RETURN VIA QUEEN CRESCENT ROUTE 14th and 15th with return limit October Tickets on sale from Lexington Oct ober 15th and 15th with return limit October 21st Privilege of extension to November 21st See C ticket gents for particular T METHODS The Organization Into a Politics BodyiNAND CHAR GOVERNMHNT L prath2 Br an as cleilMtlclan upon too State milting with tad Msbttaf IndMAali sad creed or ensue justly for rellgloui sad political etor belief Br preventing the corrupt rein of noopolr lITtheBr rights sad justice to all riving la all and br all other practical libertyjustthis a tad free govern vent mutt hit irHE BLADES 4td Fi 1+ L LETTER BOX LIII IIIIII ++ +IJA Phelan The Blade will carry out n you nuke as will shortly t appear j WC Daly The Blade does not lieve that any further good can be aC J complished by continuing the discussion l Your purpose has been achieved by pelling the editor of the Princeton bune to notice you and your religiou political beliefs As a critic he does amount to enough to waste further l 11and or money on S LarchandYour letter has been to Dr Wilson and we have no youtAllen JohnsonGlad to hear of your I splendid success and we express the hope that you will meet with a big bund of and Well WisherWe do inot think the Blade could succeed as a although oven at that we are of I the opinion that it would be worth the one dollar per year If each subscriber would but send us only one new scriber and thereby double our eubscrip tion list the Blade could be made to pay well for publishing it John J WeissWhile we regret the circumstances that induced your letter it could not be helped It takes time to write print bind and mail out a book Your subscription was sent in before tine book was written which makes it seem such a long time EMo PackardSuch a decoration St you speak of would certainly makeI V xa more rosy path for the Blade to l J P RedmanThe question of a secret xiety with ritual for Freethinkers has LA N agitated for many years but the y do not appear to take kindly TtoJ- tTftiQtIi Westmoreland We always reo hear of the death a Freethink lcrbut even they must go as they are not impervious to the grim reaper It would have been preferable could some rvho knew Dr Veal have prepare but you have done weIl llcr the circumstances B B GraysonLife is too short and precious to waste any of it on such on as U Wilkerson If nny lir woman can accept the Christia TO because of what he has writte it is because they want to v g Tlusion an ltd it o ese war Wilkerson looking for is notoriet ladJ stray dollar James Benckhart Thanksfor has elk pings While they are not of the kind that is suitable for the Blade they arc interesting to read Simon Baum The debate you tion was not published in pamphlet form Will see what we can do for you R Marshall M DThere is a grea deal of truth in what you say nndthat is one reason why the path of Free thought advocacy is so hard A D Stoneman We are glad that you like the Blade so well S E Walters Grateful acknowledge 0 meats of your interest in us Lillie A RogersMany thanks for your kindly expressions Clare SmithYou are perfectly rigln in your propositions and the Blade pro poses to adopt that policy with tIle first of October Letters From Friends Grows Sharper With Age Edu Claire WisEnclosed find 23 for two Wilsons books which I hopi you will send by return mail also 10 but for renewal of Blade seemingly growing sharper with age CAPT A M Path Wold Be Bright Packwood Iowa Sept 1000 Mj yearly pay roll for the Blade is nearly due and I will remit you 150 as starter on the new price suggested for the Blade for one year Hoping the may be a success and the crooked path of the Blade be decorated with thous ends of new 150 subscribers I remain E M PACKWOOD The Blade And The Rome Book Lyracuse NebraskaEnclosed find a Post Office order for 150 for the Blade paid to October 1907 I received the book Dr Wilsons Trip to Rome It is an excellent bookO HESS Etf Lost Confidence in Bryan Center Post NebraskaThe Rome Book just received today expect to read it with interest later as I always like the Doctors writing i read all of Bry ans letters while he was away and like almost all he seems to tell what some god had done I lost confidence in Bryan through his letters I would vote for him or Roosevelt under any dir cumstances You have my best wishes and I do think you will win yet that is make the Blade a success H C GOR DON Wasnt it too Cheap Audubon IowaI notice tho date rit fi1 f 1 ft4 t as not been chang c should bo August Lasted the views of Bards to the add t Blade I endorse which are vev been a reader of tentyears and have at 4 year in advance itES LEE Ordert of or galillyin fovor of it fa with ritual and all the ihe best regulated lod plain and we will tryithout that August parbor of both ladies same obligations an rjnation instead of an oatake a babe but I thin belong to the order until ned the age of ac countsan appropriate Pin or but ee the F of A Freetfi erica and that to oninitiation fees and entcril ft be presented with pin or d now I say without fear ofi that no organiza- therLion wij so well as n secret oThen after this is accompl ill have our Sunday Schools te the minds of our children f rihodox superstition I am now irtli and forever with the F tdrnityJ P RED MAN v Cosvan Enclosed find order for two tol reccival of subscrip tions of I arshall Cowan Ind and Tliomsis all Selma Indiana re ere due sometime ago and haveopen neglected and I catch the dollarrenew now y to rate ns trftWHratso to L50 I dont quite knot people are very W iclfreliant and al though thejWJMpihould command the price the fliainly for particular reasons feel since it costs little they will a read it but it if coct oirtf3ting do withanything they can out it fillSet it go The way is undoubtedly irvith difficulties It takes so inuwjrun such an establish ment Many of those who like to read the Blade Kjpb8erve are poor and have to denytJwinBelvcs on some hands to spare pittance that the Blade costs eo t t instead of advising either this cex r that I merely re ferto well ujjjJHiwl difficulties As to in a large iifAcuUies beset act fj thinker relies upon rfor himself and pays no financial inducement Freethinkers cannot maintain on interest The terrors of hell on lie one hand and the glories of heaven on the other are sufficient inducements for the people Many clean hands respectability easy life and wo men are the pay ol the priesthood Free thinkers can not meet those conditions R MARSHALL M D Must Have The Blade Quaqueton Iowa When I sent for the Blade ordering it for three months I had no idea I would like it ns well as I do The more I read it the better I like it I get ns hungry to read it as I do to eat a good meal when I get hun gry You have been very king to send it the length of time you have for the three months is long past The speech of Harriet M Closz in last weeks issue The Rigths of Woman is just fine She is a lover of Bob Ingersol and so am I Everything he said of what I have had a chance to read was just fine es pecially his lecture on the liberty to men woman and child I only wish I was able to buy all his works Could you tell me just about what the cost would be for all of them Enclosed find P 0 Order for 100 to add on my sub scription Please send me a list of tIle different publications on Freethought etc that you may have also a few ferent copies of them that you may not want and would rstigate them to the wast baske I am ever yours to help in the rood causeA D STONEMAN Long Live The Blade Winterest Iowa Blue Grass Dlnde Inclosed please find 100 for Blade from March 00 to March 07 Pardon delay- as circumstances which I could not help prevented sending same sooner Please do not stop the Blade I will try rind re new before tho time expires for in the Blade I find much of interest and hope you will bo able to continue I am now reading the home book by Wilson and find it very interesting reading hope many will read it I think it will be a great revelation to others as well as myself while I think the church is a help to many others it is a hinderanco for some believe everything that the preacher says while others listen and then scratch for the truth of the matter Long live the Blade LILLTE A t ERS Some Missing Blade Features Landis N CYou will find Inclosed express money order for one dollar for which please shove the date on my tab one year forward and continue sending the Good Old Blade which we think is splendid thought I will say that the fea ture of the Blade most missed since the w liL iflta A r death of tho late editor are those editor sal comments which were doubtless too caustic at times but as a whole they far more often hit than missed tho point While writing I will say a few words about Freethinkers organizing in my opinion it is by far the most important feature in the Freethought world as there arc thousands of Freethinkers that are situated as the writer surrounded on all sides by jealous fanatical religionists who are ever ready to sieze upon the first opportunity to bring about aur I believe Freethinkers as a class are the equals in morality truthfulness honesty and sobriety of any class of people in the world I claim with all this they are not yet perfect and in case one should make a mistake where is the justic in pouncing on him as though he were a beast Now friends with the Freethinkers thoroughly organized they could jjcmand and would receive respectf at tho bar of justice socalled at least Freethinkers do you know that in this state North Carolina in lots of localities a Freethinker is not allowed to express his honest opinion on matters religiously without being threatened with prosecu tion for blasphemy Why only recently J in a neighboring town a friend of mine a and yours was threatened with prosecu tion for refusing to sanction the idea of san Francisco disaster as being the work of tho merciful Jehovah he was made to hush up or bo prosecuted for bias phemy whatever that means and mind you ho did not say much as he is no great talker Now I feel confident that if Freethinkers were organized such would not be th cease if we were organized we would be able to attract to our ranks who are now standing neutral as it were not having the courage to come out and stand alone ns it were and take tho risk of being jeered and jostled by the followers of the meek and lowly Who is alleged to have taught them to love thier enemies Brother Freethinkers let me tell you it takes courage to be an out spoken Freethinker in this neck of the writer has a hard road to travel- having been cowardly discriminated against in business and labor matters ostracised by society and near relatives to an almost intolerable degree I repeat it is such cases as mine which can see the necessity of organization I will say that my path has been one that sure was not very thickly strewn with roses andI that I have been able to hold my own in the face of all these adverse circum stances and surrounding can bb accounted for in this way only I have adhered to a rigid and unflinching honesty all the year round in season and out always contending for the right as I saw it Free thinkers organize by all means organize 4 ApORR I A Very Sensible Letter Cochranton Ohio Enclosed find 330 for which please send Dog Fennel in the Orient Dr Wilsons Rome Book and also extend my subscription to the Blade another year We voice the words of S D Kimberly when ho says the Blade would have much less cruse for complaint if subscriptions were stopped promptly upon date of ex piration With nil honor to our editor we do not consider any periodical exactly straight in its business affairs that continues to send its paper after the time paid for has expired Subscription to any paper is a business contract We agree to pay tho price of that publication for a certain lengtth of time and the publishers agree to send it to you for that length of time When that time has expiredb oth parties are free from any obligation to each other It is generally supposed back subscript tion can be collected by law but such is not the case as any good lawyer will tell us We are very sorry to know there are so many delinquents and hope all such subscribers will come promptly to the front and pay up or else have their names taken off the mailing list The Blade advocates too good a cause to bo thus neglected Aside from this never stop idea it grows better with every issue Long may it live and long live its efficient editorCLARE SMITH Sends Three Renewals Adobe Wells Texas I sen you P 0 Order for three renewals one for Whit tenburg Plemons Texas look on mail ing list one to my address Adobe Wells and one to Jim Schofield Adobe Wells Texas I am renewing without their knowledge and if they have already re newed place to my credit I like the Blade under your management and hope the Liberals will make it selfsustaining Send me Dr Wilsons Rome bookS EI WATTERS But its the Worlds Way San Antonia Texas Enclosed find two dollars and please let me know how I and the Blade stand Not long ago I read an account where one of the read ers of the Blade says as long as Mr Moore was dead you should discontinue his paper I think that is a shame Just tho more reason why ho ought to more for you and for Mr Moore to keep the name alive especially when you try to make even a better paper As reo gards th advance of the paper I for myself to willingly pay tho advance as there are many papers published not as good for thovadvancement of public welfare and cost more If not asking i f itr J4Z2 w 41 much of you could you possibly send me if in pamphlet form the discussion between that Preacher and Moses Kauf nun date of September 10th I mean tne date of your paper SIMON BAUAl Price Ought to be Higher St Paul MinnI am well pleased that you have raised the price of the Blade I think tho price suould bo high Now that you have raised tho price see that the gaper is paid for in advance Cut off all the delinquents ybu are carrying If it is worth reading it surely is worth paying for The September lOth issue has a beautiful picture of mj church I would like you to turn your weather eve in that direction and writt about it and its teachings I will add to organization all Freethinkers shout join the Church of Humanity and the we could incorporate and be a power The Church of Humanity fills the re quiremenjs in every respect W W WILSON Dfath of a Freethinker Royston OnI regret to inform you that another good Freethought brothe has passed over tho river of death Dr D Veal of Ryston Ga He leaves wife Daughter end two sons He wai about 55 years old a good practicing physician and a good hearted humanitar ian His sympathy was always for the suffering and distressed He had been a member of the Baptist or Mcthodisl church I dont know which but lie had quit church several years ago anll was a confirmed infidel and out spoken in any crowd of saints or sinners Hii neighbors have lost a friend for he was a friend in need I hoped to get some one to write his obituary but could notso I scribble this in honor ti him Peace to his italics He died abou the May You may stop hi paper as his folks dont read itO L WESTMORELAND Wants an Argument Oscars I 11 have mailed to you little bciok Infidelity Against Itself Jt is gotten up by U Wilkinson the preacher whom Moore held His dcbati with at Ryan two years ago I would like for you to reply to it in the Blade or if you think it worth an swering to get Dr J B Wilson to reply to it in the Blade and send Wilkinson a copy and then publish it in book form and was will scatter them all over this country This Gook is having some effect in this country What he said about Thomas Paine and others ought to be answered and I think some of you old fellow should rinswer this book you might aft cr you nd Wilson get through with BcmLitIo Remsburg and get him to re plyjttgiPieage look after this book ani glvo a3O1L1YS01 WARNING TO THE PEOPLE OF IOWA Some Pertinent Observations on the Methodist Conference Recently leld At Des Moines By E D NAUMAN The daily papers of yesterday brought us the reports of the Des Moines Metho dist Conference just held In it we fine the statement that this one Conference embracing only a fractions of the state lees untaxed church property to the value of over two million dollars But the gentlemen of the cloth are not satisfied witli this ever growing unjustice anil iniquity 0 no not they They want to dictate our laws also Listen to some of their resolutions We recommend it as our deliberate judgment that tho use of the Sabbath day under any pretext whatever for ancial gain by any organization assembly Cliautauqua or camp meeting or any other association merits our unpualified well that covers ever thll1gI but the preacher He will be course and for financial gain too But listen to them further We commend the action of the Des Moines ministerial union in endeavoring to secure the passage of a bill through the last legislature prohibiting Sunday theaters nnd we respectfully petition the next legislative assembly to enact such legislation as will close Sunday theaters forbid Sunilay base ball reduce Sunday labor to tho minimum and restore to the people a Sabbath of quietness rest and worship There we have it the sleek and well fed gentlemen of the cloth simply want every one bound end gagged for pur poses of plunder for themselves one day out of seven We now have a Sunday law that is a disgrace to a civilized pee plo but in addition as above intimated the forces of reaction lad a stringent measure against Sunday amusements and base ball passed by the senate then as tho measure was on its way to the house such on uproar was raised by the baso ball leagues and others that senate concluded to reconsider and voted to withdraw the measure In tho mean time the forces of superstition patched up another bill of the same general char acter and had it inttroduccd in the house where it passed at once tho representa tlvs being like a lot of sheep in charge of their shepherds the preacher lobbyists tor But before this measure reached the I11l t Jl j L NfJtui j f senate tho legislature fortunately ad journed so the evil day of possible punt tnnical legislation was put off a yearj The partial success has however give them courage hence their early start this year The report above quoted from further relates how the conference selected n committee of their ablest preachers to attend the legislature next winter and lobby for the passage of a more pur- Itanical measure even than that which they came so near passing last year Other conferences will no doubt follow suit at once appoint their preachers byists adopt resolutjons etc Then will come other denominations Epworth Leagues Christian Endeavors Y M lAS etc ad nauseum until there will bo a swarm of clercial meddlers and lobbyists riding on half faro tickets to Des Moines like a flock of buzzards about the carrion in the fields Fellow Liberals how do you like tha prospect Not very well I suppose Now let me make a suggestion or two We can not and must not lie down and let this diabolical work be carried out We will have no assistance in this fight ex cepting from thcoso directly interested such as managers of places of amuse ment where Sunday entertainments are given and base ball leagues These will assist because of their financial interest Then there are a few congregations of Seventh day dentists in the state who will help in the fight because their own superstition in this respect docs not run parallel to that of other denomi nations so they are able to see perfect ly clear on the subject of Sabbath legis lation and are our best allies in this fight But the main respsonsibility for defeat ing this proposed iniquity will fall us In order to do this first let us diverts ourselves of nil party affiliations and prejudices so far as candidates for the Legislature are concerned Carefully in vestigate the record and churchalle giances of each candidate Vote for those most likely to withstand tho threats and machinations of the horde of preachers that will be there In some places where conventions have not been held yet some thing may be done to nominate the right man Second when the legislature meets next winter let us each and every one get up petitions against Sunday legisla tion of any kind It does not matter about the wording any one can write a petition Every locality has plenty of the Mst people who are against the Sunday laws of every kind and no trouble will be had in getting plenty of signers All it needs is some one to set tho ball rolling And let me say the ladies can do very much in this I have found them to be tho best hands in ing up petitions for Freethoughtv and humanitarian subjects While are not aLowa lq Ming pnn more in this way When the time comes let us pile in tho petitions against Sunday laws botli to the house and senate from every county Other methods will sug gest themselves We can defeat this proposed iniquity By all means let no opportunity escape to give it a black eye None of these laws are ever repealed if they are once enacted How would you like the idea of your children and grandchildren being hawked up and fined every time they show their heads out of doors on Sunday except to go to church LEXINGTON EASTERN Time Table- Departure a mp m No 4 No2 Lexington Ky 735 Montrose Ky 745 240 Avon Ky753 250 Wyandotte Ky 800 257 Winchester Ky 812 310 L E Jct Ky 824 325 Indian Fields Ky 842 340 Shawnnee Ky853 353 Clay City Ky000 400 Stanton Ky 008 410 Rosslyn Ky913 420 Filson Ky 020 420 Lombard Ky 025 430 Dundee Ky 031437 Campton Jct Ky035 440 Natural Bridge Ky040 440 Glencairn Ky043 448 Torrent Ky1153 457 Fincastle Ky 1005 510 Bcattyvillc Jct Ky1014 518 1r Yfem iiISt Helens Ky 1022 527 Tallega Ky 1032 537 Athol Ky 1040 645 Oakdale Ky 1048 550 JElkatawa Ky1105 002 rJ fJncksona Arrival m p L Lexington Kentucky 955 005 Montrose Kentucky 043 550 Avon Kentucky 031 540 Wyandotte Kentucky 925 533 Winchester Kentucky 910 520 L E June Kentucky 858 o30 Indian Fields Kentucky 842 450 Shawnnce Kentucky 830 437 Clay City Kentucky 825 434 Stanton Kentucky 815 4 25 Rosslyn Kentucky 810 420 Filson Kentucky 804 414 Lombard Kentucky 750 409 Dundee Kentucky 754 403 Campton June Kentucky 750 357 Natural Bridge Kentucky 745 355 Glencairn Kentucky 740 350 Torrent Kentucky 730 342 Fincastle Kentucky 715x323 Beattyville Jet Kentucky 707 320 St Helens Kentucky 059 312 Tallega Kentucky 649 36f- Athpl Kentucky 040 253 Oakdaie Kentucky 033 245 Elkatawa Kentucky 620 234 0 Jet Kentucky 015 230 Jackson Kentucky 610 225 e Trains run daily CONNECTIONS L E JUNCTION i Trains Nos 2 3 make connec tion with the C 0 Railway for Mt Sterling ttCAMPTON JUNCTION Trains Nos 2 and 3 connect with the Mountain Central for Pine Ridge and CamptontBEATTYVILLE Trains Nos 2 3 and 4 connect with the L A Railway for Beattyville 0 K JUNCTION Trains Nos 3 and 4 connect with the 0 K Railway for local stations onsthe 0 K Railway NOTE REDUCTIONS Hampden 18 size Special R Way 23 Jls 2600 New RWay 23 jls Deuber Watch Co 21 Jla 17 same 17 jls Elgin Verltas 23 Jls 29 Father Time 21 Jlu 2250 B Raymond 19 Jlf 20 B W Rayjmond 17 Jla 1850 Waltham Vanguard 23 Jls 29 Crescent Street 21 Jls 2260 Ap pleton Tracey Co Premier 17 jls 1850 same not Premier 16 The above guaranteed to pus R wa figSundries WalthamP S Bart lett or Elgin Wheeler 17 Jls ad justed nickel same gilt 7 same Hampden nickel 800 same not ad justed Elgin Waltham or Hamp den nickel 16 jls Elgin or Wal tham nickel non catchable hair spring 7 jls 5 Hampden 7 Jls gilt 450 Standard or Century 7 jls Al the above in or ounce all verlne case prepaid In silver or gold filled screw case accompanied by manufacturers and my guarantee for 20 years 3 or In hunting case 6 more In 25 year screw case or In hunting case 850 more than In sll verine case In solid gold case 10 to 50 more LADIES GOLD WATCHES Large size Elgin Waltham or Hampden 20year gold filled latest style artistic handchased 7 jls 15 jls 16 Jls adj small size 7 jls 1160 16 jls 15 16 jls 5adj Riverside extra fine 24 In 25year case 1 more In 14k solid gold case 10 to 50 more Latter with diamonds all In plush box pre paid with guarantee Send for prices of Watches not list ed Jewelry Rings Silver and Plated Ware Optical Goods and My Tract Theism In the Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN La Grange Cook Co Ill JOB PRINTINGpWe have a complete Job Department and are prepared to do firstclass work at reasonable prices Send us your next der jSatisfaction guaranteed I BLUE CRASS BLADE 153 W Short at Lexington Ky GREATEST DISCOVERIES OF SCIENCE EVER MADE GOD SATAN AND HOLY GHOST ARE NOTHING BUT CREATIONS OF FICTION HEAVEN AND HELL ARE ONLY MYTHS SCIOUS LIFE IS EXTINGUISHED AT DEATHiThe Church of Humanity teaches these great discoveries through Ita ij organ The Truth About God which It publishes monthly and Its school The Central Kansas Business College which teaches Stenography Typewriting Bookkeeping Commercial Arithmetic Penmanship and BpelUDcand The Truth About God In a general course of study giver by the teats porary International Instructor for the chi rch The Church bas 100 LIFE MEMBERS It wuntfl 900 more to formally organize and Incorporate The first thousand members will be the founder end organizers of the CHURCH OF HUMANITY If you have loved ones you wish rescued from the Idolatry ot worship i ing a dead man named Jesus am a myth named God yon should join this Church and It will aid you In freeing them and In saving your posterity from becoming Idolaters by teaching them The Truth About God Write to W H KERR 2210 Broadway Great Bend Kan for blank ap plication for membership Information about the college and send 25 eemta for a years tubscrlpUoc to the TRUTH ABOUT GOH Do It acv 5t I Sr 11 f Il d tj Editorial j Continued from page oie the other In other words the miraculous conception must fall to the ground or the prophecy as to the descent of Jesus is void and of no effec That Jesus should be born without a father is really no miracle It would have been a miracle had he been born without a mother Give age to such miracles tell the people that they happened in far distant age and in a far distant land and the credulous may be halfway inclined to accept them Bring them right to their own door and they will be inclined to remark that seeing is believing Miraculous conceptions it has been well remarked are things people may believe in until they happen in their own family To return to the descent of Christ it will be served that in order to constitute him the Messiah the promised it was necessary that he should bc of the house and lineage of David In an effort to establish this claim Matthew and Luke both undertake to give the tables of descent and it is too wl known to give comment here that both are incompatible with history and with each other The preachers undertake to explain these discre o ales by declaring that one table carries the gen ealogical tree back to David and the other to Abraham Another answer is found in the assertio that a discrepancy like the one under consideration does not count against the Messiahship of Jesus because one is the family tree of Joseph and the other of Mary the reputed father and mother of the child If the sceptic refuses to be silenced with these arguments he is then confronted with the proposition that God moves in a mysterious way his wonders to perform and as finite man is not supposed to comprehend the plans of the infinite all argument stops and the preacher has reached his full limit of absurdity Matthew says And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary of whom was born Jesus who is called Christ Ch 1 v 16 Luke says And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age being as was supposed the son of Joseph which was the son of Heli Cl 3 v 23 In each of the above only the genealogy of Jo seph is given It was a custom among the Jews to trace back the pedigree of each individual through the male line as woman did not figure much in hu man economy in those days As both writers attempt to trace the lineage of Jesus with the hous of David through Joseph his reputed stepfather Jesus could not possibly have any relation or connection of consanguinity with the house of David because Joseph was not his father In neither tabl is there any suggestion that Mary was connected with the house of David and as Jesus was the off spring of Mary through the Holy Ghost the slight est claim to kinship being denied to Joseph it fol lows that the pedigree is faulty and Jesus th Gallilean is not entitled to be registered in the 1Ottghbre lexsinhuittssTereis aseribi I hitch in the program which the combined wisdom of the priesthood down all the ages has been una ble to set straight But why the folly of regarding Mary the alleg ed mother of Jesus as a virgin when the same record assures us that she was made the mother of no less than seven children Matthew ch 13 vs 5556 reads Is not this the carpenters son is not his mother called Mary and his brethren James and Jones and Simon and Judas And his sisters are they not all with us Add to the four broth ers above named Jesus and we have five sons The expression sisters being plural implies more than one and not less than two This would give at least seven children in the family Going a little further we might infer that Jesus had more than two sisters for it is hardly probable that the question Are they not ALL with us would have been propounded had there been but two The term ALL would suggest a larger number oi sisters so that Mary must have had a rather prodi pious family for a virgin One need not wonder or be surprised that Mary should be with child prior to her coverture with Joseph It is not the only instance of the kind that has happened in the history of this wicked old world and moral virtue was even less pronounced- in those days than at the present It might have been an easy matter to pacify a mans domestic conscience in that period upon finding that some thing serious had happened in his family but you could not convince a man of this age through the medium of a bad dream Is it not a fortunate cir cumstance for the entire Christian theological sys tem that Joseph dreamed that dream Suppose Joseph didnt have the dream Wouldnt the cler gy have been in a devil of a fix NEOROMANOY IN POLITICS Hamlet the Prince of Denmark according to Shakesperian authority was accused to possessing a method in his peculiar madness and if current reports be true Nicholas Czar of all the Russians is given a substantial cause for the errant madness that is in him Time was when men went to prophets for physi cal relief Even Balaam had an exceedingly high value set on the curses he was to deliver and every preacher from his day down to the present extend curses wherever they are unable to secure control Religion in every form has ever been a prolific source of curses Some of the curses come directly I and some indirectly Some are personal and vio lent others are inherent and manifest themselvesi- in divers ways The accredited representatives of religion Christian or otherwise especially the Christian are wont to inflict mankind with the direst and most malignant of curses where a blind submission to their authority is refused Religion itself especially the Christian variety has cursed and blighted every nation or people upon which it has settled with any degree of power The priest irJ i r hood Catholic and Protestant curse with hell and damnation all who refuse to conform to the requirements of their debasing creeds and the people of one sect actually curse the other for believing in a slightly different form than they do The clergy even in these days are every ready to curse for cash The industry has been patiently built up from very humble beginnings until it has devi oped into a magnificent business of immense pr comes the startling information that Em peror Nicholas has allowed himself to be influ enced and his governmental policies shaped by a number of professing spirit mediums seers clairvoyants soothsayers and other fakirs who have conspired to bring home to ruin and possible death by violence as well as turning his mind against the best interests of the great body of the Russian people Whatever his ultimate fate may be the world will say It served him right and the accusation comes in good place for his having fooled with such fakirs But what of the Russian people They cannot help themselves It is either submit to a condition of affairs that is intolerable or grasp the sword the bomb and the knife and wrest what liberty they can by violent force and revolutio The curses of the fakirs that are said to hang about the Russian court are calculated to kill the body while the curses of the priesthood are not expected to do more than kill the soul These rumors or reports may be true and they may be false They may be but the extravaga claims of that fraternity which pretends to uiirav the future and unlock the past Still similar claims have been made in regard to Abraham Lin coin and the civil war into which the nation was plunged by reason of abolition movement anti oi er great lights in the history of the republic are said to have been similarly affected When one realises that such instruments have been the means of separating individual familie taking husbands from wife and viceversa that every conceivable fraud and sham have been per petrated in such guises they are inclined to let this particular field of mysticism alone Instead of tak ing spirit mediums into his confidence and acting upon their mischievous advice the Emperor Nicl olas should put himself in closer communion with his people confide in them discuss with them the policies that are considered best for the empire and bloodshed will be avoided the people will secure a better government and Nicholas keep his health To monkey with spirits distilled or otherwise is a dangerous proceeding Both are calculated to make a man see strange things Mediumistic advisers have evidently given the Czar an aptitude for doin strange things and gave him a sort of mental and moral delirium tremens Back of all religion developed or undeveloped organized or unorganized lies the craze for that which is mysterious popularly denominated as superstition From ancient times when mysti rites and ceremonies brought into existence thee Druids and other orders from the days of fetid worBhipt orm demJpl tJtlism m in solemn awe at the mysticism wrought wherea had they but delved behind the scenes they would have discovered the frauds the fakes that had been practiced upon them This failure or refusal to investigate is the one dominating cause for the power exercised by religious bodies in every civil zed land today Once the calcine light of investigation is turned on in the darkened seance all mystery disappears and the mystic is explained So when the gods and ghosts of religion are critcall examined they are found to be merest fictions of the mental babyhood of the race There is one suggestion the Blade desires to offer in regard to the alleged control and influence of the Czar by spirit mediums If they are responsible for the Czars conduct in dissolving the Dounii and attempting to thwart the popular will if they are responsible for his numerous acts of petty ant tyrannical intolerance then they should be encouraged to continue for a season in the hope that while acting upon their advice the Czar will ultimately reach the limit and the light of freedon will dawn in the blood red glare of revolution It seems impossible for Russian freedom to come ii 1any other way Then what will happen The spir itists will say I told you so and we did it Having wrought the ruin they will try to claim the credit for the liberty that will follow If these mediums and clairvoyants control the mind of the Czar as alleged and if they are friends of humani ty as claimed they could induce this religion craved monarch to grant the full measure of liberty- to his people and without the shedding of blood Sooner or later the people will learn that the proof of the pudding lies not in the cutting of the string r r The very fact that Adam was unwilling to father his wifes fault proved him unworthy of her and the bad example he set is too often followed by aariy of his sons who attribute all their trials and tribulations to the patient wives whose watchful care has kept some of them out of the The man who possesses the love of a good tarries Paradise with him wherever he womanII a a r Preachers of today decline to serve the Lord without a salary attachment stipulated by express ontract It is hinted that the next session of Con ress may appoint a brace of new chaplains to in suIt the Almighty with perfunctory prayers at the rate of five dollars per minute Now watch the sanctified timeservers make a wild rush to the Capital city in big bunches that would be an actual isgrace to a railroad lobby r a r According to modern theology this old world is threatened with n roving devil who is constantly seeking for new Jobs to afflict with sores and foolish friends Quite a curious creature is this orthodox devil who affrights the fearful souls of the professional evangelists They tell us that he voluntarily spends most of his time in hell when lie could just as well spend it all in New York r REVIEWS A TRIPTO ROME WALTER HURT To get away from tho ordinary to bo individual originalthat is tho difficult thing in literature as in living Few attempt it unfortunately fewer still succeedand this is calamitous Yet this is what Dr J B Wilson has accomplished in his delightful book A Trip to Rome Ho gives us that rare thing a book of travel that is informs unconventional therefore interesting He scorns precedent disregards rule and is a law unto himself consequent ho has done something worth while He has put much of himself into the writ ing thus producing a volume of enduring value It is tho greatest of all guidebook Should you go to Europe and would ramble without routine take it with you Wilson will lead you away from the traveled track through many strung byways and into unexpected places where he will show you quaint thing without number Here is a man who went abroad nnd actually saw things Not much that came in his way I opine especial his observation And all this he presents to your minds vision in vivid panorama swift as things seen from a car window m a rapidly moving train It is a rare literary potpourri thi looka most extraordinary minglin of delightful description charming wit accurate observation satisfying philoso comment on social conditions quent appreciations of arts various exI iressions and just the right proportion of poetry With its remarkable range of topic and variety of treatment this book constitutes a library Were I ever to go abroad I would wish to be accompanied by Dr Wilson to see things through his eyes to have tho benefit of his keen observation and gangly keen appreciation Next to that privilege is the one of reading his boot end having it all revealed by the magic rhich his necromantic fancy has transmitted to his pen The account of the proceedings of the recthought Congress In Rome which the occasion for the book is quito the best that has been given and amounts tc history Worthy of especial mention even mong the many things of worth is the poem The Forum descriptive and syin olic of that famous structure It Is perhaps the authors most ambitious menial composition and the march of its stately measure is like the rhythm of a minuet There Is a pride and dignity bout it that Is quite in keeping With Ro9iIfrfi291tEc araelei ohle Imperial Trip to Rome Iso most valuable contribution to tho none too voluminous literature of Freethought and it Is lade the more valuable by the unusual irtuo of being uniqu- should bo possessed not only by very Freethinker but by every discrim sating reader WALTER HURT Interesting Fascinating and Valuable- Revere Mass J B Wilson Dear FriendI received your book sometime ago and I want to thank for writing itand for sending me a copy of it It is interesting from ginning to end and where you tell about our personal experience it is fascinating to the reader- I sometimes wonder which is best the world a good doctor or a good poet YOlr verses certainly add to the charm of the work The chapters on the gress are especially valuable to Freethinkers but it is all written in a lightful vein and contains rare observations and descriptions My wife has read every word of and she wonders how you ever got out tho Parisian labyrinth in which you vere lost- Accept my congratulations on your Movement and my hearty thanks the pleasure it has given to me Best wishes always Sincerely yours LEMUAL K WASHBURN Delighted With It New Philadelphia Dr J B Wilson- I have just finished your inestimable book and to say that I am delighted vith it is entirely too tame an expression It ought to have an immense nnd give you a handsome royalty I shall- try to sell a few copies here In case another edition is published see to that the typographical errors in this- are corrected I admire your style very ich indeed and congratulate you alike on the matter and manner of execution I can offer no suggestions unless it would be the Hope which springs eternal in the human breast that you may evolute into a knowledge of The ture Life Yours truly CHARLES H MATHEWS From Mrs Mathews Dear Dr Wilson ly husband has read to me your- book A Trip to Rome Words are adequate to express my high opinion of it May your life be spared many to e a L 0 years to bring light and knowledge to humanity In the meantime to come into the blessed knowledge of higher Spiritualism We want to count such as you one of us With a God bless you and angels guide you and speed your good work I am your great admirer MRS Cil MATHEWS CommentI confess to a soft spot in my heart for Spiritualists They are among our best Liberals I have yet to hear one of them speak ill df an nostic or Athiest no matter how much they are ridiculed or abused by the same They are as liberal in the support of our cause as their own for they recc nize in its progress and Freethought For all I know Spiritualists may be on the right track Any how I give them credit for trying to demonstrate their the spirits wont conic and prove them selves to me still I cant say there are no such thing as spirits I dont know what I dont know onythii about There area million mysteric stranger than Spiritualism which aro yet to bo solved J B W ThousandWants Pages More Timbo Arkansi Dr J B Wilson Cincinnati Ohio Well I have read A Trip to Rome In my opinion it excels all books of travel I would give all my possessions and hit the grit without a penny or change of clothes for your education and literary power- I have the Fireside Encyclopedia of Poems Completed by Coates Under the head of Historical Poeirfj I find tho origin of many in A Trip to Rome I need a thousand pages more of A Trip to Rome to lead me JOHN D FARRIS A Stunner Mt Clemens Mich ir J B Wilson Cincinnati Ohio Have been greatly delighted and freshed in reading your Rome Book It Is a stunner and Carnegie should see that a copy goes in each of his libraries T B ENGLEHART M D RUNNINGCOMMENTS ON THE BLADE Discussion Pertaining to Some of our Editorial Affairs Labor and Capital As Well as Religion Brought into it By URIAH SMITH D D I have been reading your editorial of September ninth and I shall not forget what you wrote abcdv ieiit jal partio ontending over carefully fboked is sues The same old thing under new label It is to be hoped that th next time a wreck shall occur o one of the Big Four roads that the occupuntS of the smoking car will be spared and hat they will remember that they are independent and will stand round with heir hands in the pockets of their toil tamed garments and allow the plutocrats to ctricato themselves from their perilous position cspecialy should any of the fficials of the company be board Still In respect for the builder f wealth tho railroad colIlpniesshould urnish its workmen when their numbers are fifteen or more with special cars that their pride may not be hurt by their eing obliged to travel with those winos pparel is immaculate You tell us that the God worshippers protratcs him self in the dust before an idol which can only picture in the imago of himself and it is not necessary for a man have or profess to have religion in order to be good while the God of any people race or nation must of necessity be a flection of themselves an idealization their own virtues and vices or in othei r fords a magic mirror in which Narcis iBlike man worships but his own Image And again If as Pope declared the roper study ql mankind is man then tho worship that man has to bestow should be bestowed upon man I find by consulting Webster that part of the definition of the word religion Any system of faith and worship To might worship devils and call it reli gion But that is not all of the definition Now I should like to ask why Freethinkers condemn Christians for their worship of their jcsuses and tho same time ask us to worship modern men Your complaint against one jesus Is that he said If any man come to find hate not his father and mother and yet you Freethinkers holdup to for an example and ask us to worship Robert Ingersoll of whom the late C C Moore wrote that he condemned the use of alchohol in one article and in another gave the greatest eulogy on drinking that was eVer known Now editor IIughes I wish that vould publish that article of Ingersolls In which he advocated the use of strong drink if he wrote it and satisfy the minds of many readers You say The iristian heirarchy in America is a con iracy against liberty and the enemyof reason It would suppress pen and the lips of those who dare to oppose it provided it had the power In Higher Science for June its editor wrote last remnant of cannibalism practiced in civilized countries is the Christian prac- ticc of eating the dead bodjranddrink r cwit li r ing the blood of Christ They only pro tend to cat it but tho practice should be furnished by law and another page In fact a war must bo considerable low er than a brute whatever that may mean in order to bo a good disciple of this calfshear prophet It is to be hop ed tho time is near when his cannibal followers will bo arrested and punished when they are caught in the act of pre tending to eat his body and drink his blood So Freethinkers would institute an inquisition would they and drag forth and punish in this land of religious all those who differ with them They would bring on us a return of the dark ages On another page Mr Heald wroto History proves that tho firmer the be lief in the biblo the more brutal have been the people but he proves by his willingness to punish others for tho prac tice of partaking of the sacrament that he is as firm a believer in some of the r worst parts of itns was ever any Christian and no more intolerance was ever shown by a popo of Rome nor a Jewish follower of Jehovah than he puts forth yin those few sentences Further toor r ho wrote Tho closer a person lives up to the teachings of Christ the meaner and more dangerous he is Now I know that the good teachings of the Christs to be found in tho biblo are enough to fillfall the columns of one issue of the Blade whichshould be sufficient for all pur poses Now if the object of Freethinkers is to form a party strong enough to punish those who differ with them let us know it for if that is tho case not many honest Christians nor Infidels will join you but instead watch both orthodox Christians and Infidels You say Morality is largely a matter fof definition and what is regarded a- sefmoral in one country may be the height of immorality in another Morality is that which is absolutely right without comparison and is always a means to an absolutely just end No doubt man r can get along without God for man has built societies and nations yes and destroyed them too and measured the distances of the stars but he never made one star no not even the smallest of them but God the God or ruler within matter made them all Begin a jour ney with me and let us travel straight away among those stars for millionst and countless millions of years the velosity of light still meeting stars suns worlds forever worlds WittI still wo are in tho midst of this body of God that man can get without The God spirit within whf made them all I cannot think of universe as possessed of a great ceil since a center must of necessity a circumference and a circumfercnnK plies a limit And Mr Hughes m of the matter is that the poet w 1who wrote ihe unTveriBflHincrJtu i pendous wh owhosebody nature is and God the Soul b1 t A Good Route to Try + V v vIt traverses a territory rich in undeveloped resources a territory containing unlimited possibilities for agriculture horticulture stock rule ing mining and manufacturing And last but not least it is The Scenic Routs for Tourists The Frisco System now oners the travelingpubllc excellent service and fast time Between St Louis and Kansas City and points in Missouri Kansas j Arkansas Oklahoma Indian Terri tory Texas and the Southwest Between Kansas City and points T t- In Teanesses Alabama Mississippi Georgia Florida and the Southeast Between Birmingham and Mem phis and points in Kansas Arkansas Oklahoma Indian Territory Texas and the West and Southwest Full information as to route and rates cheerfully furnished upon appli cation to any representative of thi Company or to Passenger Traffic Depart eat Commercial Building Saint mugs f OBJECTS I 1P Tine Complete Separation of Church and State L Taxation Property f 2 all the oU errance ai a holyday S appropriating for sectarian State V itltutlo- The abrogation of the oath in the in all other suet ai and prayerS b 7 IclnUch xr ii 1