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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, November 4, 1906. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1906 blu1906110401 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, November 4, 1906. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1906 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. 1 lJc t l t Gi f ItIVOLTMRL MEMORY STILL FRES In the Minds of the People at Old Home In Geneva Rush for Souvenirs From His Cha teau Interesting Accounts OF HIS MANY PUBLIC BENEFACTIONS t tJ r By WIHLIAM r CURTIS n the ijurtr laves a genius an jva jjtoUL fesjjltc ite cVavl GV1talromind In a recent Isstio tho Blade aro a pen picture by a prominent An can writer of tho public treatment John Calvli and from liuo same aunndthor comes a lirlllant sketch of taire the groat apostle of human erty Renders of tho Blade may be In a position to judge by comp nrl son concerning the attitude of the public mind towards Voltaire and inhimIndereris dated from Geneva Switzerland the former homo of Voltaire roads as follows Chalteauperhaps the jatylest and the most fmous of all the men warn dented IdIJUt Is a few miles across the Fre rice b about two hours d anfromwhere they weave silk make jnwe try and a peculiar kind of pottery Sev oral large convents and schools for feirls wore plied with nuns sod few months hut are all clo now because of the1 law enacted by the French parliament for the supj r pression o monastic orders and re ifglaiis schools lss re llglous order uh3Ift11ttisoled ifttlhrofhr hft lor a residence Perhaps tha good nuns thought their prayers and us example might sanctify the townj Voltaire certainly dld not bring th out here as too brought the the silk weavers and the goldsmiths although ho was a broadminded nthand never objected to the others if they kept them to themrl selvestIHis quaint figure attitude that is so familiar with hit shoulders bent forward and his hand Itthein all his portraits stands In the c ter of tho public square and the scription is an epitome of the history of the town which Voltaire founded a real estate speculation when he came with the blue laws of IIGenovawas always talking and writing about U It reads as follows we Erected to Voltalroes The Benefactor of Fernoy Ho gave the city a churchotA school and a hospitalIiiWaterworks and a fountainer blJtomlHeHo ostabllshd fairs and markets Ho built more than one hundr- houses Ho supported all the inhabits I r aurlng the famine of b Although he has been as dead Adam or Muses for more than a c Jury Voltaire Is still a source of p of fit to the town for thousands of vi tors every year make pilgramages his homo beautiful Each buys some souvenir Each leaves a portion of and his wealth more or loss for the ha fit of the community The tourists havo to be fed and their thirst be satisfied to the profit of the tirrl burghers Wo had a bowl of bra and milk sweet cool rich milk at incomparable bread served to us by a buxom damsel under the shade of a Has group of horse chestnut trees and I Thfastedto enjoy a bowl of bread milk to That tho limit I recommend him to tahoSpreliminary course of several months at tho hotel tablo dhote of Switzerland Voltaires vllli is a two story structure after tho conventional other French style situated upon a knoll her where It commands a splendid view old of tho valey of tho River Rhino andaro is surrounded by a garden and aot splendid growth of trees At ono sit to gone agents irId is a vineyard Some tf the vines aro venerable and the vegetable garden is quite extensive In front of the house just at the trance to tho grounds Is a chapel a aslichapelsHis was lie loft or entered hilt premises It structs tho view of tho chateau eems entirely out of place It Is onsplcuous asp wart on a mans nose Over the entrance Is the in scriptlon IdKaunJV ltalr v rfju church od It was at the very goes of Cane cooICncrb thetwas dead never since his time had any iuenforceIlb tillowso as to condor rwascould have had Tho prohibition olacreased public interest Tho natural consequence of piohlbltlon was crease the attendance and to InsureII the enterprise Volta dwrotoafriend that ats Intention was pfeflns the manners of too people tsffnovaV I aro civilizing the alehavebrogcs ho said Before I cams roCoronty had nothing to entertain th poor sermcns The clergy are alVoltalre9t finrghersaJarbltratl111Genova blllEntt1ofral weeks Tboy fnitnJ Geneva ye dna tcat1tIcosuggesttadedDo rtjcchiilion council tonc performance for musement their friends and collsagues T emcouncil discussed the matter long at seriously and at first declined b tho French commissioners press case with energy and final11a1ftheir request was granted with gre To tho intense chagrin jelbring thfiratwas not until 17S2 af petenllrd ma1na verj strenuous life Ho showed a gre conductinghi has town speculation by whIchme chahIncreased fortune as a part brain lugreAt time he was carr reponalmost incredltale amount of work He wrote a hoot or phcom thlboCoreani fast dictation possible rbrai bodepious to deceive antich ntsthem and condemned and crtlclsed- i tlifcm see orely Ho corresponded and nineenvPrussia Catharine the Great of right choIkintonohundredsscientific moo throughout the fireworldTo bo continued tsttherrespadguidde Ono little kind word spoken power to mako a thrill of Joy IIus so regard each other not a word nor look nor tOilemal hall wound a friend or brothera Owing to tho henry demands of tl patrons of the Queen 8 Crescent existoexcursion on Sunday Novem 11th to Cincinnati at tho same rate as heretofore All theatres tings open in Cincinnati with all kinds attractions as well as a football at League Park Aslt tick for particulars HELL CAUSES MORE MISERY Through the Fears It Creates Th a elkHope of Heaven Can Produce Jo ItMen and Women Must Be asIlevc In Facts WHAT IS MATERIALIST AS WE 4Ji1DSTAND 111 I BY ELIZA MOVItTBLIVEN herwtoRh ou moral qualities be Codevndonttgef Universalistcrnot appre andonebefhe thuno nor life Wo knew nothing before we wero born and wo can know g after we aro dead You may sa gtood a be as that reWell I havo got to believe facts whther they are agreeable or not I thl1o tried to find out the truthfostudied and compared religions tho Bible and chemlfuces lIl lities and physiology the good Jdal evils In tine world and I cannot d any proof of any future life or ofto God It Is all matter matt Jrb tter and the forces made by com of matter and dispersed by breaking tip of matter Hum 111eIfo onlyrym the Itaijc with its resulting forces or nbllf thortyou ask how can l ever e klr y h po a tutufd- t Aau rill future existence finds many wa ysand hahetpmay en as as of itdst willdThe pleasure of eating that is smellfare sanse that produce them aro all ma al We love it is a live person 1son t is material Wo enjoy flowers ds music the ways of children s new clothes riding sightsee conversation books an these are Its terial even tho pleasures thingstreceived few brain cells from but he has all the organs nge food into Urafn cells Soed grows and a thinking choos soul grows Brain and soul m aya p growing for forty or moro ears Evwhenair the wearing out of brain t braIays person and bo ics childish When the body dies soul dies also When tobac liquor make the drunkard his abnily Infirmities For long lth anti enjoyment we mu hell nascwas a powergo good he would have alaileof and would never allow wrongec ices suffering or evils of an CIIIdndunnoanolcanoess eennessIenorsotheretrlresponslbloed faulty man would deserve notll stehisfolterlngyou say a Creator If aj unjverse into that God Could n God make atom out of benchangeyeatollieexlstel1 chlmadoof these atoms ono combina ertloncounter combination hence the over mont ofContinued on page FourchI h STORY OF THE RISEN ChrlsJyAscension a Commonm Occurrenceb CHRisTIANS HAVE BORROWED WHAT THEY SNEER WIOM LONDON FREETHINKER Linonj tho numerous coplofi or asher continuations of Paganism of which Christianity Is composed tho miracle of the Ascension Is one toitho Incredible marvels of tho kh0Pale the Resurrectionof the sea art cd monstrous breaches of natural lay which can appeal only to mentallyycom rnin sense Individual in reading the cdfitradlctory statements In the Pfannll Acts Is staggered at theI thought that it can be possible for levelheaded person to believe r one instant such Munchausen yarns Christians sneer at their pa gah and heathen predecessors yet haVo not scrupled to borrow or ad their nollefs doctrines and rn ac il among others this fable of levi ion Modern spiritualists claim able to accompllsn this mire but havo never succeeded In proving tlfW capacity so to do in the pr of scientific men and had at ISI born present at the reputed ascens resurrection etc Instead of as ignorant and Illiterate disciples tllse parts of socalled Holy cc ill never have obtained lasting denceupug prior to Christianity ascon 1iw IthQ ommontt n tfdronignlentlBn cv ivhi bo read in the Bibles of the va rlous corresponding religions Many saviors were crucified rose again after three or more days appeared to their friends and disciples andb ascended to the house of many Islons Chrlshnn the Hindoo Say 1250 B C ascended to llotont heaven to Brahma the first per In the Hindoo Trinity himself being the second and so he as cended all men saw him tind exant claimed Lo Chrishnas soul ascends he native skies whence he had deand Ifscended Sakia Muni the Buddha Ing tige anInad We corroapondlng to Jesus in the Chris for tian Trinity is said to have ucendso to the celestial regions and hllnl pious dlaclplos point to footprints on died mountainous rock whence he too kclearly last leave of earth and ascendedth en some of the Titmice saints are the haItoe 49 AInculapius the God of Medicineelcended to heaven and some sawcogustus Caesar ascend to realms ove The god Bacchus died wn stop alefeptthey ons1sethey had in those times brought his mother with whenceI the ended to heaven and mantle the ddess Plutarch the Greek hint or relate that Romulus the founder Rome suddenly ascended in ato ipse 719 B and Julius Pro a wellknown Roman senator GoIof Tyana who was bornjtej ore and lived long after Christ miracles equal to and IIJust nic oven greater than those at some to Christ was cruclftedan sed from the dead and ascended heaven and several more such In same nces are easy to demonstrate asi jtmicross descended to hell not ascendto and lowen and d In Xamalxls of Thrace died descended way eath the earth remained throe were rs appeared in tho fourth year er its death as he previously pro and ascended to hen P1 B C The Egyptian Savior Al after having boon seen of times a eoiuled to n hillhcre lira Enoch and Ellpoh are famo examples from the Old tners too hatter ascending in a of firo According to UIOa Mexican Gospels their great g Quexalcote born 300 was cruel fiod burled arise and ascended and these writings are moro than 2000 years old therefore more ancient than the gospel account of Jetus For IndtJearches In Mexico Niobuhrs History of Iiugeboround o Chino when he had completed ission ot benevolence ascended odily alive into the paradise above volDcountryrii boostERJX torsos from all eternity have itall tied tho Identical parallelism with Christ The unprejudiced reader jj ofnextofInac knowledge that tne alleged life of hrlst as related in tho GosiJels aetime even as this very brief statement slaws been anticipated in every hn thatthe no ry records ns appear in What Christians call Holy Writ exist In these so called heathen instances the On tne other hand the accounts of or Christs ascension are full of d all sonauces alldAlke the varyl stories of the resurrection deserve no credit Here are a few glaring inconsistencies As ChrIsIn said to be God existing Mfr omforme opternity be ought to know therefore abwilt take statement first Oarent the day of the crucifixion he said tcn ThisIedisc consequently he must have here ascended if at all on that day and Christians should if consistent lult brand any other statement or belief the grossest blasphemy But their partItsay as the anonymous Acts gives the He their to their ManGod Divine Sav Redeemer xxiv J7 says Iwiielascftnilflilifnn thh Iih r6lllUi stla writer of Acts uuiuu Utnatribute to Luke says he did not ttlIU cool till forty days after the roe ur those rtction so that Luke glaringly conmC1 tradicts himself but this appears toIIpl a matter of Indifference to th earc gelorlerallql fj Christians will read their Bible Intel are Ilgently they will notice that JesusancJ contradicted himself in this Import matter of his reeurrectlon when to spoke of Jonah being three da 6WCI nights in the whales belly BBYclal that like him he would be the race same time In the fcenrt of the earth the know this prohocy was incorrect Hoods he was not throe days burled andir authorities only admit twent yOuttido hours supposing him to have Luke xxlv and 21 shows that Jesus ascended on theWh not as he predicted on day of crucifixion and in verso Luke makes him say Ye are portion witnesses of those thlngs1 e theto evens mentioned verse 33 wit and restrrrectlorAu church agree on these matters The sate two mention cursorily and live and Matthew differ toto coelo to the place of this miraculous ascension When asked for a sign In place passages mentioned Jesus gave drifted incorrect one as to time alread merged stated but used the occasion for a sam sublime plea of egoism in claiming Yet be greater than Solomon or poor Jonah And still we are expected to kinrt believe that he was the Almighty or a third part of him Tastes who improving the opportunity and ether people something of the next vjllany world from which ho is said to hay ious come so that there could be Information as to a future life as to his divinity ho again this dulges in egoism for Luke In tht chapter verso 27 says He has to thom in all the Sorlp wliile the things concerning himself serially nnd Luke wore not present were disciples of Christ as the time certainly mention the ascension n somewhat abrupt anti vague while Matthew and John who disciples and said to be lire bership Ilittako not the slightest notice of nn srclal occurrence so vital to Christianity sde whlliiiafor truthful accurate and creeds especially Inspired blograpb would not omit such a final and they consummate act In tits llfohlstory of victions supposed God od1o be Continued t MARKED 4 CONTRAST IS DRAWN r Between Belief and Unbelief As Ap pearlng To a Well Known Free histhinker By Reason Of Attend Ing Church THE UNCHURCHED THE UN ORGANIZED AND UNLABELLED BY B F UNDERWOOD Many of our readers will remem her B F Underwood formerly of Chicago now of Quincy Ill who for many years was recognized as one t the most brilliant Frcethouglit writers in America He is now an odltolal writer on a dally paper and has regaled his readers from time to with impressions received by him while attending the churches Among his latest efforts which we publish by request Is the following interesting essay It has occurred to the writer that some attention Should be devoted to element too large to be ignored left unconsidered that is outside ecclesiastical organizationsan ugelement that embraces a great va character and belief and represents widely different attitudes regard to the churches and their of worship It includes multitude who though reared in the cur theological dogmas are Indlffer to doctrinal religion Among Uem Is every degree of faith and faKeptlcIain from thoso who still ad nominally to the religion ot their fathers and who expect to die and to avail themsalves of the offer It holds out to the repentant to these who have outgrown as thej their early faith and regard It they do tho swaddling clothes of infancy Among the unbe llevors are thoso who left rho churdhes or abandoned their creeds In apt It of revolt and whoVoltarla l rdtUon1aud impatient with who defend and those of ayscientific and reconclllatlvo who In the light of evolution In past and in present religioust ofnnecess1 y conditions which have been ffactora u human prepress ant wlio therefore friendly to all sects i considerate of all creeds The thinker of this type says I belong the great church that holds tho within its starlit aisles that the great and good of every and clime teat finds with joy grain of gold every creed and with light and love the germs rood in every soil the churches are the same degrees and contrasts morally and spiritually that are In the churches outside era many of higher character and better lives than the average in the churches there is a of the former that is inferior the average of church membership that would bo much benefited by connection with the social life of the Outside there is a larger number of common sinners who in open disregard of thoso con ventional properties on tho Importance y of which the churches generally emphasis and of the aimless or stranded people the sub P tenth the flotsam and jet of humanity lu the churches probably are- manyofthe s worst enemies of man the smooth polished con scienceless men of predatory instincts use the churches as they do organizations to cloak their and to carry out their nefar schemes of spoliation Unfortunately in recent years with the growing worship of the golden calf type of men in the churches has Increased to such an extent that it attracted popular attention and it has helped the churches ma It has tended to lessen their lhemjSlIlrltuall are of a mixed business and nature there are people out In much larger number that In sympathy with the moral and practical work of the churches are unable to accept their and aro too conscientious to subscribe to what in mind and heart reject Such persons have con as strong as those of church Continued on Page 4rt tJ ff t r THE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published at Lexington Kentucky Every Sunday Founded 1884 and edited by Charles Chilton Moore up to his death February 7 1000 JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mail postpaid 150 per year in advance Trial subscription cents month All foreign subscription postpaid 200 per year Five new subscribers sent with one remittance at 100 p year each ADVERTISING RATES ALL ADVERTISEMENTS of whatsoever character acccpte will be published at the rate of 100 per inch per month unless by special contract when other and ter rates will bo quoted upon application The pal Ushers have the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIOINS to the Blade will be discontinued the expiration of the term for which the sulscriptio has up in advance The address slip on the becnraid subscribers tho date of expiration lsubscription Back numbers or numbers omitted be sent if asked for upon renewal in case of dfecontir mace MAKE ALL money orders drafts checks etc payable t JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky as this w- is facilitate collection El f SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address vise this oilice giving both old and new and the lade t will be sent to the new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at Wes t Short Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Free thinkers will be given a hearty welcome 1HE BLADE is entered at the Postoffice at Lexington Ken iff tucky as second class mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS to THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P 0 Box 313 Lexington Ky t = y Unchain the mind a ST Bigotry must end with death a a a Put a rich coloring on every act a a a a Good actions are far better tliau good laws There is a sharp thorn in every new experience a a a a a Orthodoxy is as false as the bottom of a straw berry box a a a a a Human reason is a safer guide than the fabled c star of Bethlehem a a a a There is more genuine honesty in self help than In God we Trust a a a a a The preachers appear to be haviijg a devil fatime keeping God in a gpod humor a a ma llrofhetrsea tell aiiioreabbuttlieir sister than ho can ever find out until he marries her a a a a The industrial goad is to be applied more vigor ously to American labor in view of the results of the recent elections a a a a a If we can survive the mental hysteria of finding out what the Simple Life is will we be strong enough to really live it a a a a Anthony Comstock declares that a New York Art studio was imitating Adam by hiding behind- a womans skirts Evidently St Anthony has not made a comprehensive study of the Edenic fashions for women a a a a After six thousands of the Jehovan rule the first henpecked husband has found a champion A New York preacher opened up in behalf of Adam and of course the woman did it a a a a Even as the Christian believer should be able to furnish a reason for the faith that is in him theI Freethinker should be able to furnish a better reaj son for his unbelief Moral Read the Blade It a a a a Christianity is held up as a good creed to dieC by It isnt worth a copper cent More believers than unbelievers scare themselves out of existence t with a whine and go down flying the white flag of truce t1aa a a The human mind is just like a merchants book of accounts It must be kept straight to retain its usefulness and accuracy and must never be neg lected It needs potsing from time to time and kept well up to date By reading the Blade you can keep inform cdrI a a a a Prayer cannot convert ignorance into wisdom transform the oceans bed to the mountains brow stop a bullet in its mad course until a useful man has got out of danger or force a three inch stream of water from a one inch nozzle on a hose pipe What can it do anyway a a a r aIThe cracker peddler of pseudopiety is the Peter theHcrmit of the religious crusade against man kind lie usually cultivates an expression that in t dicates a torpid liver and believes that malting everybody unnecessarilly miserable in this world he enhances his own ccstacy in the hereafter Such is religion a a aiThe problem that confronts American labor is of paramount importance It is a crisis in the history of the race Every industrial depression is becom ing a greater danger not alone to existing conditions but to establishing forms and formulas for it is the material out of which bloody revolutions spring when relief cannot be obtained in a more dJ 1111 III peaceful way The best way is through the hallo There the laborer is equal with the plutocrat a a a a On what point of religious worship are the thodox churches agreed Not one Examine a from Alpha to Omega from A to Izzard and you will hardly find one thing affirmed by one scct which the other seels do not cry out against ns in piety Hold lest we forget we haste with a correction they are all agreed on one thing The Co lection Box raa a a With an abundance of presidential timber anion the people of this country the plutocrats and polio ticians leave the people but little choice From the House of Have comes the nominations each bear ing their particular label The people are askei I to choose between theme as if there could bo an possible difference They appear very much 15kc two bad roads and to choose the one were to regrc t that we had not taken the other a a a a a t1he principal aim of the skypilots in these day to snatch brands from the burning but t0 strictly conform to those things that will funk their ministry popular the contributions large an the pew rents more prolific Many of then arc tempted into the Lords vineyards by the men prosIirs of the first water and are of no greater momcm than the cheap fortune tellers a a a a a TWO ISSUES IN ONE WEEK According to the promise made in our last issue Blade renders will receive two issues of the page l this week which will put us up to date again Hap pily the aggravating delay occasioned by the ueccs sity of removal entailing the tearing down an putting in place again of our printing machinery is now all in the past timings are beginning a smoother aspect and by time end of this week wi shall be up with our work and up with the current issue of the paper While on this subject we desire to direct the attention of our subscribers that our new home at 126 and 128 North Limestone Street Lexing ton Ky We trust that the change may prove ben eficial to the Blade and all its readers For our part we guarantee to do all that lays within our power and we place our reliance upon our subscribers to stand by the paper and help it all they can a a a a REASON BRINGS KNOWLEDGE FAITH ONLY INDUCES BELIEF Why should the Biblo be referred to as an au thtfrity upon any matter pertaining to the welfare of humanity when the Bible itself is so assailed and hard pressed Thomas Paine declared that before you dof successfully prove anything as being true bn time Blvtha iblcmumisthr t b1 prmirl trrlin tjfr self That argument hasnever been successfully answered to this day It cannot be successfully an swered And this is one of the most potent results of the reformation for by destroying the of an infallible church it assailed a supposed infallible book and weakened the reverence that was then shown to ecclesiastical and antiquated authority The force of custom may induce the human mind to respect even that which it has ceased to venerate hence while the Bible may receive a welcoming reception it has long ceased to exercise that supreme intellectual authority it once wielded This condition will at once explain the attitude of the clergy towards the Bible Thinking men must devote their time to the accumulations of science abandoning the field of speculative the ology to those inferior minds who mimic the zeal but lack the influence of those theologaus of ear lier ages The Bible then is no longer a recognized au thority in human affairs Commentaries fail to give it strengthen or lustre While every other de partment of human life has developed both great und powerful thinkers who have won honor and distinction in their respective spheres yet in the field of biblical and controversial theology Ian has not been a single original work of value produced anywhere Meanwhile skepticism has kept increasing and this intellectual inactivity rev garding the Bible presupposes that it has run its full limits All that can be said for the Bible has been said and its advocates are unable to find any new defense against the onslaughts of modern in tellectual criticism What does this demonstrate Simply that the words of Paine are as true today as when they were first uttered Paine struck the keynote of argumentative theology and biblical criticism He launched a bomb into the theological camp which jxplodcd upon them with terrific force They have yet recovered from its effects and recovery is impossible The Bible still stands as fetish of ImII man worhip but it lacks the force it once exercised In a few years the Bible will find its place upon the dust covered shelves of some old library to be pondered over occsaionally by some solitary anti luarian but comparatively unknown to the world The sole remaining Christian argument is that faith must supply what is requisite in the absence f authority But even faith must yield to the iiipremacy of time human reason Reason alone can ring us knowledge faith simply induces belief and belief must forever remain an inferior quality o knowledge It is by reason and not by faith that mut learn to discriminate in religious matters for by reason and by reason alone can we also lisciminate between the true and the false In matters of religion one ought not to demand strong conclusions from imperfect premises and in this lies the whole secret of theological undoing It must never be conceded that men shall prostitute their reason as to believe with an infallible faith that which they are unable prove with infallible rgunenta IS THERE A HELL Time affirmative scoops the stakes That is so dead easy that it is hardly worth while Really ithe question ought never to have been asked for the asking an element of serious doubt is im plied There must be a hell No mere condition will do The only kind of a hell is that good old fashioned orthodox biblical fire and brimstou hell If there were no lieu the preachers would I unable to make a living This demonstrates il necessity Minus a hell humanity would have notl- S ing to be saved from To deny hell perish the thoughtwould be to upset the entire plan of sal vation To attempt to urge religious teaching doctrine upon time people without hell as a levcr would be as useless as an angel trying to propel- y a pair of wings in a vacum Time Blade now knows there is a hell Wo hav it upon the authority of a pair of religious hobo s known as the Brooks Brothers who are now do ing an cvaueliziug stunt in Lexington A few years ago and a very few at that the pair wcr peddling extras in this city Their present job much better than selling newspapers Hand ding out samples of an orthodox hell is more to their liking Judging from their purties with which Lexington has been placarded their stomachs have been well lined and there is no longer a hiatu on the rear elevation of their pantaloons Time Wi ter arc now carefully creased in latest ape proved style and they are able to disport them selves in their Pwince Halberts donchcrknow If there were no hell they would still be ped tiling newspapers and just imagine what tha would mean to them This is why the Blade say it knows there must be a hell Were it othcrwisi Brooks Brothers would be in a hell of a fix ford they might have to go to work Hell is respdiSsi ble for many of the sufferings we experience on earth even before we reach it and it is alsore sponsible for inflicting the Brooks Brothers upon a long suffering public If they had happened to have made the discovery that there were no he they would have been compelled to have invewtec one Take hell away from their repertoire and tin collections for one years would not pay one weeks laundry bill As preachers of the orthodox faith the Brook Brothers are destined to make a tremendous hit One of them is reported as having said Time Bible certainly teaches that there Js r place called Hell It is a place therefore in tlu terms of the scripture it is not a condition or merely a remorse of conscience Many deny that there is a hell but forget that with the same stroke they destroy the existence of a heaven Time holyt scrip ture says that we hould not fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in lmellm lIeU was never in the plans and specifi n God in his dealings with men but was pi d the devil and his angels Mr Brool on to say that it was a lake of fire a less pitnguish in flameTTutel flrr which would be a fire that gave no light something we cannot comprehend and then to complete the horrible picture he declared it to be the o11fash- a ioncd hell of fire and brimstone According to this notion the Brooks Brothers dont want any hell that does not afford plenty of punishment an abundance of suffering A mere place II or a condition or what he terms a re morse of conscience would not be calculated to do the work They evidently do not believe in do ing things by installments There must be a hell and lots of it Hence an attempt at description is made and it is but a rehash of the oldold story Time absolute silliness the painful imbecility manifested by this pair of fledgling preachers maybe seen in their attempt at describing hell when they admit after describing it hell is something we cannot comprehend If incomprehensible how can it be described If capable of being described by even the Brooks Brothers then it surely cannot be in comprehensible The intelligence of the pair is shown in the absurdity of their quoted state meats and to think that the Almighty would ever permit such to interpret his plans Its incredible d it isnt true a a a a a MANS MORAL RESPONSIBILITY For ages the Christian world has teen indulging in the cry that all without their portals are un clean Small comfort is to be derived from the assertion that even Christ had power to heal the leper for while all this had to do only with the physical world it guaranteed in improvement in the moral world It is not enough to urge thou canst make me clean if thou wilt for in it lies the very essence of human despair the confesson physical and moral dependency Moral leprosy is as undersirable as physical leprosy The man who is compelled to loan upon another for moral support for strength or simply looks to another to do that which ought to do for himself If one would avoid being a moral leper Moral leprosy stunts the growth of character in the studicst manhood and opens the grave for individual independence rev sourcefulness orginality and all those other qualities that make for a vigorous manhood Time moral leper is more dangerous than the physical leper for he would so arrange things in this world that lappincss as a profession would forever be a failure No idle life Gain produce a MAN Whatever creative or inventive force there is within nan comes out only by stern endeavor to better ones condition in the world Moral dependence upon another be he Christ or antiChrist can ring out the latest energies that make for a noble manhood Man must work out his problems for himself They can never be successfully done by mother for him Folly and futility weakness and a woe moral poverty and pauperism are all found in lint text thou canst make mo clean if thou vilt Make yourselves clean and you have won n important victorym This brings to one forcible conclusion Self effort is the only force that really develops time man Tho idle man is like an idle machine which destroys quickly Self destruction begins in the mind the moment it ceases to work There is no power above or below that can save an idle brain from deterioration no power that can make a man strong and vigorous unless he obeys the natural laws of his life that are written in his very makeup York steady persistent work and works with a purpose with an enthusiasm is what can save a man from the disgrace of being a nobody Work is the inexorable law of growth and there is no getting away from it Thou canst make mo- clean if thou wilt Make yourselves clean and quit your nonsense The man who thinks ho is going through this world on what somebody else produced and done and still develop into the highest typo of a man is making a fight against himself Use what talents you have and use them to advantage or lose them Such is the interdic tim of Mother Nature and she must be obeyed or she will inflict a fearful punishment Time retrograde movcinqnt begins the moment a man gives up and cries out thou canst make mo clean if thou wilt There is something in that text that seems to excite a moral mania a potu As a prolific pros ducer of a moral craze it lays all over the goiiU tcure and outrivals the ate Gcorgia evangelist effects upon the Christian world arc worthy theIprofoundest study by neurologists and insanity experts It seems to be a kind of mental thaumatur gics or a religious black magic High above the clash of creeds and the war of cults sounds the hopeful warning Man Save thyself Just as the physical leprosy spoken of means isolation from our fellows so moral leprosy turns a mans heart against the world and he is unable to see any good in life When a man reaches this stage he gives up the ship and cries out thou canst save me if thou wilt Tis then the ho begins to demand the best of the products of anothers efforts an others labor Humanity enters its protest and insists upon a healthy selfexertion The Christian church is for of ItiouslJabundance This is proven by history itself Such t texts as the one lucre discussed is tune prime cause of much of the mental stagnation that exists in the world today It is the death warrant to intel lectual development The Christian cries if thou wilt thou canst make mo Glenn Time Freethinker says if thou needs cleansing make yourself clean The Christian cries Lord help me Time Freethinker says Help yourselves Time absolutely and the only power that can save lies in SELF a a a a S r G It seems ftHe utterly impossible for the Chris tian believer to reduce time argument of causation to a reasonable or debatable ground Ever since Paleygave utterance to his notion concerning sin the Christian has taken refuge behind and he is still hiding in its shadows Only a few days ago we held a curbstone argu ment with a valued friend on the relations alleged to exist or that supposedly should exist between god and man creator and the creature Noth ing was gained by it Nothing was expected to be gained by it Neither of us would yield to the other and we parted much in the same condition mentally as we had met This is the usualresult of all such discussions Both start out with the notion that each is right mill the discussion leaves same way of thinking at its close What was intended as coup do ctat for the Free thought philsophy and used to completely annihil ate the arguments offered was the following choice offering You have a daughter She is young You love her You direct her attention to a basket of fruit You tell her that it is delicious and good for her and that she may safely cat of it At the same time you direct her attention to another basket which contains decayed fruit You tell lien that it is also good to cat in fact preferable to the other as far as the palate is concerned but if she eats of it she will die You leave her Following her own bent in spite of the warning you gave lien sine cats the forbidden fruit and dies Are yoti responsible for her death Practically speaking this is the Alpha and Omega of religious belief and yet the answer is plain Undoubtedly I should be responsible for the childs death under such circumstances Not csponsiblc in law perhaps that is in a criminhl sense upon which we could bo brought before a court but morally responsible The child being oung innocent and incapable of forming an telligent judgment for herself I had no right to leave the basket of diseased fruit where she could gct at it Instead of simply calling her attention to it and leaving it in her reach to do with it as she wished it was my duty as a loving parent to remove the danger Of course the proposition is lypotheticnl In time first place there was no ueces ity or justification for placing the death dcalingI nut in the childs way My judgment was the iiiperior of the two The child depended absolute y upon me the very justice of the situationIwould demand that I place every possible safeIcard about my child to save her from that death which lurked in the forbidden fruit None but an ihuman monster would take such a risk Coutd any intelligent being doubt the extent of my rev possibility under such conditions The attempted analogy is that God created man free moral agent with the power to choose be ivcen good and evil that if man of his own volition chooses to do that which is evil he must uffcr the consequences and in this the theological otion of sin finds its sole support But time Chris l rtl tinn evidently fails to perceive that there is little nnnlogy between the two propositions If god created rims originally perfect it was his mniiifcs duty to keep him in a state of perfection If the god created sinned it was because he possessed sinful nature anti as god also created that sinfu nature and bestowed it upon that which he had created the moral responsibility for the sinful acts complained must fall hack upon the creator Tim t man must sin as the Christian npologist would put it appears to have been a part of the divine plan and in that case man had to sin for man conic not help himself If it was not a part of Gods plan that man should sin and God had intendedl that man should not sin and mnn did sin then it the commission of sin man deprived god of his most potent nnd most powerful attribute that of om nipotence In other words god being all powerful had the power to prevent sin lie lid not hens he must have preferred sin As god created al things he must also have created sin hence he must also be sinful ilan could not have knows sin before it had been created and it was clear Gods plain duty to keep him from sinning by giv ing him a nature strong enough to overcome it 01 keeping it from him altogether Then where the justice that god is to inflict a fearful punish mcnt upon man for his sin which he could not rdesistIn the argument ollercd our friend failed to per ceive that in drawing his attempted analogy he was reducing his omnipotent god to my level II degraded his god and brought him from his sup posed high station by such an argument The fruit was not of my creation nor the death that lurked in it Could I create fruit I would create only that fruit which contained life giving properties ant refuse to create fruit with death attached to it All that I could have done under the conditions suggested was to keep such fruit out of my childs reach and if I failed in this I would be guilty of a neglect of n plain and important duty Just as I would be morally responsible for my childs death so is the Christian God responsible for the sins of mankind It is not enough that in a spirit of re pentant sorrow he offered a plan of conditional redemption from the effects of that sin for if he had not put the temptation within mans reach at the very beginning there would never have been any necessity for a crucified bill of indemnity As suggested in this caption the argument is really shopworn and ought never to be urged by any man or woman pretending to intellectual thought and reasoning capabilities r a a THE MOORE MEMORIAL The advance subscriptions to the Moore Mem orial book arc coming in better than those follow ing the opening announcement of the plan to publish such It work At that time we firmly believed such a book ought to be published ill order to pre serve in compact and useful form thfe earlier writ rihigsoJ the foundoc o 4Lis paji u V 1 T vinced that the book will prove a suIclS We al most feel justified in promising that ft will be pub lished but we need at least 200 additional sub scribers to make it a certainty As much as we de sire to publish the book we do not feel capable of taking any individual chances on it as our means are too limited Just as soon as we receive 500 subscriptions w will go to work on the book The friends and ad mirers of our former editor should send in a sub scription for it at once provided they have not already done so Not a cent is asked until the book is on the press and we know for sure that we can publish it Those who have not subscribed should read Warden Collies letter and Dr Wil sons comment on the proposed book a e t PREACHERMcGARVEY BOOMRANG With the words that proceedeth from thine own mouth will we condemn thee This may not be biblical but it sounds like it In any event it is true and this fact would suggest that it is not biblical Seldom does a preacher in a guarded moment give vent to an expression that is in keeping with just criticism When such an event happens we are tempted to make the most of it we are able Our readers will remember the name of Elder J W McGarvey lie wits a costudent and classmate of our late editor Charles C Moore and while a personal attachment existed between them up to the time of Mr Moores death the latter did not refrain front expressing his honest opinion con cerning the erratic religious conceptions of his old college chum Besides McGarvey was for ninny years president of the College of the Bible attacked to Kentucky University a Campbellite preacher factory in this city and whatever Mc Garvey may have to say anent preachers and preaching can be accepted as coming from one 1111I thorized to speak McGarvey has given up the job as president of the gospel mill and he now spends a portion of his time trying to turn an hon est copper by writing for the Christian Standard a religious paper published at Cincinnati His ar ticle whch we print in the Blade this week is de T signed for the purpose of assailing n preacher of another denomination who having outgrown his creed was yet loth to give up his pastorate in the McGarvcys stricture anent the orthodoxy of Mr Cox the heretical Episcopal priest of Cin cinnati the Blade has but little to say but it is in the conclusions the writer draws that the inspira tion is found for this article After presuming to dictate the course Cox should pursue Elder Mc Garvey saysllie for ablebodied men on the turnpikes to crack rock and there are calls for honest men in various kinds of industry What a confession If not a direct confession then a confession by inference and implication y Had every ablebodied preacher been able to understand that a greater service would have heel rendered humanity by cracking rock for th turnpikes of earth instead of cracking htuha- hearts for the turnpikes that lead to the heavens y nnts and charging a fearful against earth passen KCf what a different world this would be today Tin Blade observes that Elder McGarvey vex y carefully refrained from getting any callous spot on his soft hands by wielding the hammer on turnpike road Trample is far better than pre ccpf and Elder McGarvey might point the way b y doing that which he suggests for preachers be longing to another sect But when he suggests that there exists a dc nand in those various kinds of industry for what he is pleased to term honest men does In mean us to infer that tenet men arc not wanted in the pulpit or that the pulpit creates no de- wand for them Again it appears to he a can didfconfession that preaching the gospel is no an industry and we draw the inference that after all it is only a game of graft a genuine bunco a t which honest men will not play Then must wi infer that even Elder McGarvey is not an hones man in his sanctified protestations and can onlj become honest by cracking rock or entering some of the various kinds of industry If this in feronce is true does it apply to all preachers I it does would it not be n blessing if all the preach ers would throw up their present occupations fore getting the cash considerations and go to crack ing rock at which so many able bodied men tare actually needed Will the preachers as t class heed the suggestion made or take the hint thrown out by Elder McGarvey Nay nay Pauline That entire buncji of sanctified coyotes a better genre than that What The preacher give up their jobs Nit The closing sentences of McGarvey holy scree- against Dr Cox also deserving of notice caps the climax He says I would be honest with my fellowmen hpw ever I might stand in the sight of God I would be independent of both God and man I would bi free Bravo Good for you McGarvey But do you mean it Do you really mean by implication tInt being honest with our fellqwmen gives us poor show with God Almighty If a man is really honest with his fellows docs he stand bad in Gods sight Docs the God you worship love dishonesty Are you trying to please him If God is just does lie not want us to be honest with each other To Halifax with any religion or sect that can dissemi nate such a doctrine Honesty is a sure test of hu man character and whether it be in morals or re igion it is demanded that we shall at all times be honest with each other and this doctrine must pre vail M Garvey and God to the contrary notwith standing wAJijL fylcGarvcy had you many years ago pro Ie thought that Icing free and being indep ulent of God and man you would never have it lunged in the habit of training the minds of you g men in the ways of religious error but urged poi them the necessity of cracking rock or engaging in some of the various kinds of in dustry where you say there is a strong demand for honest men and thereby made them produc encouragingethem to find a living through followintr an id e pastime and depend upon the labor of another for their support It is not too late to repent of your past follies You may never undo the wrong you have done humanity but if you believe what you now say it is your urgent duty to check your present course and be honest with your fellow men no matter what your standing with God may be Mr McGnrvey the day of atonement is at hand Haste ye anti repent before it is everlastingly too late Biblical or otherwise it is with the words that proceedeth from thine own mouth that we condemn thee You meant for another but you should first apply them to yourself e r Love must become the universal law and mural kindness its chief aide de camp if right is to ulti mately triumph over might We can concentrate our love and devotion upon purely human ideals instead of wasting our affections and devotions upon an imaginary being in the clouds Teach me that humanity is the all in all of life that reputations are as easily slain ns persons and that he wh feigns a friendship he does not feel is unworthy to be called a man e a As the nights grow longer there is more time for rending and you may have n friend or friends who would appreciate the Blade If you enjoy reading the Blade might not your friends enjoy it also No harm would be done by handing them n copy asking them to rend it and if they approve of its advo cacy and mission they might become permanent subscribers s a One of the principal glories of Frecthought is that it recognizes the intellectual equality of women If woman has not yet proven herself mans intellectual peer she has ceased to be n pensioner on his bounty She has demonstrated her ability to earn her Dread anti this has brought her hide lendcnce grander ideals loftier aims and a nobler womanhood o e Did Christ give up the ghost on Calvary there have been innumerable and greater heroes who have set their breasts against Christian bayonets for the liberty and happiness of mankind liven the very land of Christs Birth has become an np endage of the Ottomite and stands an emtpy urn ike the Niobe of nations The glory of those other heroes lives on from age to age to point the mad oily of Christian violence Hand the Blaile to your neighbor nnd get aim to sub In clubs of live tho subscription Is only each SERIOUS QUESTION HERETICnOpinions of One Preacher Concerning Another Preacher But of Differ ent Sect Being on the In side He Ought to Knows By W J McGARVEY Tho author of tho following article Is a Campbolllte preacher It is tal on from tho columns of the Chris than Standard and contains whole some advice Tho Blade will discuss It next week Editor Standlreread the article by Professor Loos In the Issue of avowaltbelief in the creed of the Epslcopa ChurcCi Such an article from such a man demands tho most thoughtful Please to read It again There Is one question In tho rec tors letter on which Bro Loos mattes no especial comment hut which s worthy of especial consideration by all preachers In a situation similar to that of his rector and not less so by every congregation of believers that Is afflicted with the services of such a preacher Ho presents it in tho lol lowing lines Should a man who is out of har umany with the whole theological aye tern of the Episcopal church which she share with many Protestant minisdremain and keep silent Is not to be considered for a moment Why you will ash in view of these positions do you not In honesty and fairness withdraw from the ministry- of a church with which you are not In 01 course occurred to me and have made diligent inquiries u mfind a church with whlc i could he more in accord than the one In which was horn nourished and ordained I can find nono All the loyalty of my heart Is here If I had the oar of this rector or that of any man In any church similar ly situated think could help him te the solution of tills puzzling question I think he should hold an honest and candid interview with the men and women who contribute to his financial support Ho can not honestly con tlnuo to receive this support If he has departed froIfuJhQffaitlh which they are paying him to teach and propo gate If however those with whom be Is under contract are to such an extent agreed with him as to continue his support with full knowledge of his views then foe can honestly retain his position Otherwise if he retains It he Is guilty of accepting pay to oulld up what ho Is really tearing sown This Is getting money under false pretenses a crime In ordinary finances punishable by a term In the In case of the congre gallon which supports this Episcopal heretic agreeing to let him go on with his teaching It Is In honor bound to at once cease to call itself all Episcopal church for such It Is not and to retain the name is to deceive the public On the other hand should tho congregation decline to continue the support of tile rector ho is in honor bound not to engage with an other than an Episcopal church He Is at liberty as respects the question of honesty to bellevo and teach what he chooses provided the church is willing to support him In It but if it declines to do so and ho goes to some other church of the same faith idsnviews and his Intentions he Is a clothingoknow somo men ve released front Christian congregations on account of preaching the new theology or something of that kind mid havo gone Into the service of other congregations liope they havo been honest enough to toll the latter who and what they are If not the sooner they are passed on tho bettor for all concerned This Cincinnati rector Mr Cox seems to think that he Is bound to be a clergyman In some church nnd be- caUse he can not nUll any other church than the Episcopal with which he would feel at homo he wants to stay In It as long as they will tolerate him Ho seems not to know that there Is a demand for able bodied men on tiio turnpikes in InIIdustrhonest day laborer than a dlholle8tI poracher or oven a doesnt know whore to go trying to stay whore he Is not wanted I seo no reason however why Mr Cox may not go to the Unitarians or tho Unlversallsts The doctrine he now believes Is theirs They would doubtless welcome him They would even permit him to wear his gown In tho pulpit nnd to use his prayorbook with nil the ohnngoe In It for which ho sighs But if I wore In his place not being ablo to find a church to suit mo and not being wanted by tho one I was In I might look around for a few follows of like mind and sot up a church of my own Then I could be honest with my fellowmen however I might stand In tho sight of God I would be Inde pendent of both God and man would bo free L E TIME TABLE Departure a m p m No4 No2 Lexington Ky 73o 225 Montrose Ky 74n 240 Avon Ky753 250 Wyandotte Ky 800 257 Winchester Ky 812 311 L E Jet Ky 824 320 Indian Fields Ky 842 340 Shawanee Ky 853 353 Clay City Ky 000 400 Stanton Ky 908 410 Itosslyn Ky P13 420 Lombard Ky 025 430 Filson Ky 020 420 Dundee Ky 031 437 CamptonJct Ky 035 440 Natural Bridge Ky 040 440 Glencairn Ky943 448 Torrent Ky 053 457 Fincastle Ky 1005 510 Bcattyvllle Jet Ky M014 518 St Helens Ky 1022 527 Tallega Ky 1032 537 Athol Ky 1040 545 Oakdale Ky 1048 550 jElkatawa Ky 1105 002 0 K Junction Ky 1110 001- Jsckton Ky 1115 010 Arrival n m p m Lexington Kentucky 955 605- Montrosc Kentucky 943 550 Avon Kentucky 934 540 Wyandotte Kentucky 925 533 Winchester Kentucky 910 520 L E June Kentuck858 530 Indian Fields Kentucky 842 bit Shawanee Kentucky 830 437- Clay City Kentucky 825 434- Stanton Kentucky 815 42i- Uosslyri Kentucky 11810 420 Filson Kentucky 804 414 Lombard Kentucky 750 409 Dundee Kentucky 754 403 Canipton June Kentucky 7 50 357 Natural Bridge Kentucky 745 355 Glencairn Kentucky 740 350 Torrent Kentucky 730 342 Fincastle Kentucky 715 323 Beattyville Jct Kentucky 707 320 St Helens Kentucky 059 312 Tallega Kentucky 049 301 Athol Kentucky 040 253 Oakdale Kentucky 033 245 Elkatawa Kentucky 020 234 K Jct Kentucky 615 230 Jackson Kentucky 010 223 Trains run daily CONNECTIONS L E JUNCTION Trains Nos 2 3 will make counec tion with tho 0 Railway for Mt Sterling CAMPTON JUNCTION Trains Nos 2 and 3 connect with the Mountain Central Railway for Pine Ridge nnd Campton BEATTYVILLE Trains Nos 2 and 4 connect with the L A Railway for Beattyville 0 K JUNCTION Trains Nos 3 nnd 4 connect with K Railway for local stations on the 0 K Railway NOTE REDUCTIONS Hampden 18 size Special R Way 23 jls 2000 New R Way 23 jls 24 Deuber Watch Co 21 Jls same jls 29IRaymond 19 20 B W Raymond 17 JIs 1850 Waltham Vanguard 23 jls 29 Crescent Street Jls 2250 pleton Tracey Co Premier 1 us 1850 same not Premier Jlfl The above guaranteed to pass R Way Inspectors Sundries Waltham P S Bart ett or Elgin Wheeler 17 lie nd lusted nickel same gilt sam lampUen nickel same not ad usted Elgin Waltham or Hauip don nickel 15 Jla Elgin or Wal tham nickel noncatchable hair spring Jls Hampden JIs gilt 450 Standard or Century Jlst Al tho above in or 4ounco sll verlno case prepaid In silver or gold filled screw case accompanied by manufacturers and my guarantee for 20 years or In hunting case more In 25 year screw case or In hunting case 850 more than in verlno case In solid gold caso Itto 50 more LADIES GOLD WATCHES Largo 6 size Elgin Waltham or Harapflen 20year gold filled latest style artistic hand chased 7 jiB J9 15 16 Jls adj small size jls 1150 15 jiB 15 16 adj 18 Riverside extra fine In 25year case more In 14k solid gold case 10 to 50 more Latter with diamonds all In plush box prepaid with guarantee Send for prices of Watches not listed Jewelry Rings Silver and Plated Ware Optical Goods and My Tract Theism in the Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN La Grange Cook Co Iii UPTODATE PAMPHLET ONmMARRIAGE AND DIVORCE JOSEPHIHE K HENRYI Oaf VERSAILLES KENTUCKY All orders promptly filled Price copy 25c i torie t1 CINCINNATi zctl 25 AND RETURNIVIA SUNDAYJ t oviiSp- ecial TrainL- EAVING LEXINGTON 730am Ask Ticket Agent for Parfcalara 50 Yl EXPERIENCE c IlIt rket deerl rortnln Inmm free whether utventlun nrlnrlvr nnnunlm IS trlctly II IInnlbuk onlnteuta patentsiuitdlll Scfeitliflc jflfhericatt t handsomely illntrdnt rargtst nlatlnn at t1Ir tr r fnir rn tlr fl Ii hyali rtewade- alcrMsk CO3SBroadwar New York Inrte 6S 0 u GREATEST DISCOVERIES OF SOME EVER MADE GOD SATAN AND HOLY GHOST ARE NOTHING BUT CREATIONS OF FICTION HEAVEN AND HELL ARE ONLY MYTHS CON SCIOUS LIFE IS EXTINGUISHED AT DEATH The Church of Humanity teaches these great discoveries through IU organ The Truth About God which It published monthly and Its school The Central Kansas Business College which teaches Stenography Typo writing Bookkeeping Commercial Arithmetic Penmanship and Spelling and The Truth About God in a general course of study giver by tho ten porary international Instructor for the chi rch The Church has 100 LIFE MEMBERS It wints 900 more to formally organize and Incorporate The first thousand members will be the founders and organizers of the CHURCH OF HUMANITY If you have loved ones you wish rescued from the Idolatry of worship log a dead man named Jesus an a myth named God you should Join this Church and It Trill aid you In freeing them and In saving your posterity from becoming Idolaters by teaching them Tho Truth About God Write to W II KERR 2210 Broadway Great Bond Kan for blank application for mrrabershli Information about the college and send 25 teats tOt a years subscription to the TRUTH ABOUT GOK Do It now r f1 II r fJo J tI1 t WHAT IIIn CRIMINALLY OBSCENE Being a Medico legal Treatise on the Absurdities of Judicial Tests Re latlng to Obscenity Published to by Request In DISSEMINATED UNDER AUSPICES OF FREE SPEECH LEAGUE By critical analysis wo can exhibit separately tho constituent elements of other conceptions as well as of our general Idea of tho obscene By a comparison we will discover that their common element of unification may be either subjective or objective Futhermore It will appear that In the general Idea symbolized by tho word obscene there Is only a subjective ti dlment of unification which is coma monto all abscenlty and that herein f It differs from most general terms In the failure recognize this fundamental unlikeness between different kinds of general Ideas we will dlscov er the scurco of the popular errorC that obscenity is a definite and dcIe 4 finable objective quality of literature and art A general Idea conception is tech nically defined as the cognition of a universal as distinguished from the ipartlculas which it unifier Lot us t yfix meaning of tuls more clearly firmly ir our minds by an illus tratlon i A particular triangle may be right it1 angled equilateral or Irregular and in i the varieties of these kinds of trinn shapesylferences In the length of their boun Itdary lines mooting In an infinite num itber of different angles What is the operation when we clasII slfy all this infinite variety of figures I under the single generalization trianS gle Simply this In antithesis tor those qualities inwhich triangles may j be unlike we contrast the qualities which are common to all triangles and as to which all must alike These elements of identity common to an infinite variety of triangles con stitute the very essence and conclu t slve tests by which wo determine whether or not a given figure is to be classified as a triangle Some of these essentials may be restated A plain triangle must enclose a space with three straight lines the um of the Interior angles formed by the meeting of these lines always equals two right angles as onp side of a plain triangle is to another so is the sine of the angle opposite to the latter These and half a dozen othei tmathematical properties belong every particular triangle and these tcharacteristics always alike in all ttriangles are abstracted from all the il infinite different shapes in which triangles appear and these essential and constant qualities thus abstract ed are generalized as one universal r conception which we symbolize by the word triangle Here It is important to bear In I mind that these universal constitu ent unifying elements common to all triangles are neither contributions nor creations of the human mind They are the relations of the separ ate parts of every triangle to its other parts and to the whole and these uniform relations inhere in the very nature of things and are of the very essence of the thing we call a triangle As the force of gravity existed be foro humans had any knowledge of the law of its operation so the uni Ilying elements of all triangles exist r in the n tucof things prior to and and independent of our knowledge of them It Is because these unifying elements which we thus generalize under the word triangle are facts of objective nature existing wholly outside of ourselves and independent in of us or of our knowledge of their existence that the word triangle ist accurately definable We will now analyze that other a general term obscene reducing It 1to its constituent unchanging ele ments and we will see that in the nature of things It must remain Inca pable of accurate uniform definition Lecause unlike the case of a trlan gle the universal element in all that is obscene has no existence in the nature of things objective It will then apear that for the want of ob serving this difference between these two cusses of general terms judges and tIle mob alike erroneously as sumed that the obscene like the triangle must have an existence outside their own emotions and con sequently they were compelled to in dulge in that mystifying verbiage which the courts miscall tests of obscenity First of all we must discover what is the universal constituent unifying element common to all obscenity Let a us begin with a little introspection and the phenomena of our everydayil life We readily discover that whatr wo deemed indescent at the ago of r Ji Jm sixteen was not so considered at the age of five and probably Is viewer still another aspect at tho age of forty We look about us and learn that an adolescent maid has her modest shocked by that Which will make no unpleasant Impression upon her after maternity and by that which would never shock a physician Wo know also that many scenes are shocking us if viewed in company and not the least offensive when privately viewed and that among different persons there is no uniformity In the added conditions which change such scenes to shocking ones We see the plain countryman shocked by tho decollete gowns of our wellbred society women and she in turn would be shocked into insensibility if especially In tho pres enco of strango men she were to view some pastoral scenes which make no shocking impressions upon her rustle critic Tho peasant wom Is most shocked by the inde coney cf tho society womans baro neck and shoulders and tho society woman shocked most by the peas ant womans exhibition of bare feet and ankles at least if they were Into tho city womans par We see that women when all ment suggests its propriety quite readily undergo an unlimited exams nation by a male physician while the sexes reversed much greater dim culty would be experienced in secur ing submission This not because men are more modest than women but because other social conditions and education have made them differently modest It would seem to follow that the universal qualities which we collect under tho general term obscene as its constituent unifying elements aro not inherent in the nature and relations of things viewed as Is the case with the triangle Taking this our cue wo may follow lead Into the realm of history ethnology psychology and jurisprudence Illustrative facts drawn from each of these sources It can be shown to a demonstration that the word obscene has not one single universal constituent element In ob jective nature Not even the sexual element is common to all modesty shame or decency A study of ethnology and psychology shows teat emotions of disgust and the concept of Inde cency or obscenity are often associated with phenomena having no natural connection with sex and often In many people are not at all aroused by any phase of healthy sexual manifestation and In still others it Is aroused by some sexual associations and not by others and these again vary with Individual according to his ago education and the degree his sexual hyperasthet IcismEverywhere we find those who are abnormally sexsensitive and who on that account have sensual thoughts and feelings aroused by innumerable images which would not thus affect the more healthy These diseased ones soon develop very many usual associations with and stimu lants their sex thought If they do not consider this a lamentable condition they are apt to become boastful of their sensualism If on the other hand they esteem lascivi ous thoughts and images as a marl of depravity they seek to conceal their own shame by denouncing all those things which stimulate sonsu ality in themselves and they natur ally and erroneously believe that it must have the same effect upon all othors It is essential to their purpose of selfprotection that they make others believe that tho foul ness is in the offending book or ture and not In their own thoughts a consequence comes that persistence of reiteration from which has developed the obscene super stition and a rejection oven by Christians of those scientific truths tho Bible to the effect that unto lie pure all things are pure etc Wo need to get back to those and reassert the od truth that all genuine prudery In prurient influence of education In shaping our notions of modesty Is quite as apparent as Is that of sexual hyperaesthosia We see It not only in the different effect produced upon different minds by the snme stimulants but also by different effect produced upon the same person by different objects bearing pre steely the same relation to the ivldual When an object oven un related to sex has acquired a sexual association in our minds its sight will suggest tho affiliated idea and will fall to produco a like sensual thought in the minds of those not obsessed by tho same association Thus books on sexual psychology tell us of men who are so pure that they have their modesty shocked by seeing a womans shoe displayed shop window others have their modesty offended by hearing married people speak of retiring for the some have their modesty shocked by seeing in the store win Lows a dummy wearing a corset are shocked by seeing under wear or hearing it spoken of other wise than as unmentionables still others cannot bear the mention of legs and even speak of the limbs of a piano Surely we have all met those who are afflicted in some of these ways and others who are not Since the statutes do not define obscene no one accused under them has the least protection against a judge or jury afflicted with such diseased sex sensitivencss or against more healthy ones who for want of Information about sexual psychology blindly accept tho vehement dictates of tho sexually hyperaesthetlc as standards of purity But Whether a Judge or a Juror belongs to either of those classes or rejects their die turn as to what is pure in literature in any and every such event he is not enforcing the letter of a general law but enacting and enforcing a particular ex post facto law then acted by him solely for the particular defendant on trial What that law shall be In any case depends on the experiences education and the degree of sexsensitiveness of the court and not upon any statutory specifica tion of what is criminal Among the more normal persons we see the same difference as to what is offensive to their modesty depending altogether upon whether or not they are accustomed to tbeI particular thing That which through frequent repetition has come commonplace no longer shocks us but tnat which though it has prn cisely the same relation to us or to the sensual is still unusual or is seen in an unusual setting does shock Some who aro passive If you speak of a cow aro yet shocked If you call a bull by name In the human species you pray properly use tore terms men and women as differentiating between the sexes but if you call a female dog by name you give offense to many So likewise you may speak of a mare to those who would take flight if you called the male horse by name With like un reason you may speak of an ox or a capon to everybody of a gelding to very many but of a enuuch only to comparatively few without giving offense No one thinks that nudity is immodest either In nature or In art except the nudity of the human ani mal and a few are not opposed to human nudity in art but find it im modest in nature The Agricultural Department of the United States distributes in formation on the best met ods for breeding domestic animals and sends those to jail who advocate the higher stlrplculture for the sake of a better humanity Likewise Prof Andrew D White tells us that At a time when emi nent prelates of the Older Church were eulogizing debauched princes like Louis XV and using the un speakably obscene casuistry of the Jesuit Sanchez In the education of the priesthood as to the relations of men and women modesty of the church authorities was so shocked by Linnaeus proofs of a sexual sys tem In plants that for many years his writings were prohibited in thE Papal States and In various parts of Europe where clerical authority was strong enough to resist the new scientific current Now education has so reversed public sentiment that one may write with Impunity about the sexu ality of plants which was formerly denounced as a Satanic abyss1 but men have been and would be sent to Jail for circulating in the English language tho books of Sanchez and others like him It thus appears that the only unifying element generalized in the word obscene that is the only thing common to every conception of ob scenity and Indecency Is subjective is an affiliated emotion of disapprov al This emotion under varying cir cumstances of temperament and cation In different persons and in the same person in different stages of development is aroused by entirely different stimuli and so has become associated with an infinite variety of overchanging objectives with not characteristic ineven ono common objective nature that is in literature- or art This then Is a demonstration that obcenlty exists only in the minds and emotions of those who believe In it and is not a quality of a book or ture We must next outline the legal consequences of this fact of science Since then the general conception obscene is devoid of every objective element of unification and since the subjective ele mont the associated emotion Is Indefinable from its very nature and in constant as to the character of the stimulus capable of arousing it and variable and immeasurable as to Its relative degrees of Intensity it fol IQs that the obscene is incapable of accurate definition or general test adequate to securing uniformity of result In its application by every person to each book oft doubtful purity Sinco few men have Identical ex periences and fewer still evolve an o agreement in their ideational and emotional associations it must follow that practically none have same standards for judging the obscene even when their conclusions agree The word obscene like such words as delicate ugly lovable hate ful etc is an abstraction not based upon a reasoned nor senseperceived likeness between objectives but tho selection or classification under it is made on the basis of similarity in tho emotions aroused by an infinite va riety of images and every classification under it is made on basis of similarity in the emotions aroused by an Infinite variety of images and every classification thus made in turn depends in each person upon his prior experience education and the degree of neurosexual or psycho sexual health Because it is a matter wholly of emotions it has como to be that men think they know cause they feel and are firmly con vinced because strongly agitated iTo be continued HELL Continued from page One lasting nevee created Universe is eternally changing An atom cannot help doing as It does It cannot think nor choose Living things alone have power of choice or soul while they live When I am all worn out and can not enjoy material things I am go- Ing to die and sto suffering and urn to atoms but while I live I mean to enjoy material beneficial happl fying surroundings and help others to That is my Materialism- Is the Materialist worldly and self Isn Is he less moral than tho Christian because he has no God nor Hell to fear If we wrong any one wo have to fear our fellow men and their punishments wo lose their confi dente their cooperation their friend ship and our chances for happiness become very limited our troubles very numerous The use of our ablll ties all our happiness and success in life depend on the good will and good conduct of those around us which we must win by being unselfish wise moral and every way noble ourselves Hence Materialist is fully as good as tho Orthodox Chistian We do not appreciate tho goodness- of God but we do appreciate the goodness and abilities of mankind and everything beneficial In Nature Mankind unaided by any Godpower has himself wonderfully developed his own abilities and accomplished marvelous things We have to study Nature to select the good from the bad and we thoroughly appreciate the wonderful variety we find and the enjoyment and health we get there from Those who enjoy thinking about a future life and imagined communion with spirits Christ or God waste much time thus and lose that amount of tho real enjoyments and activities of life They fail in knowledge and appreciation of Natures wonders and laws and the abilities and deeds of their fellow men and women they fail In doing their full share in tho worlds work and In operation for the general welfare Prayers shirk hard tasks believing their God will do them When Humanitarian Materialism is taught thoroughly in every church Sunday School and newspaper man kind will learn to be better nobler more capablo more appreciative snore selfcontrolled healthier wiser and happier MARKED Continued from page One members and it is because they at tach moral importance to these con fictions that they will not assume a relationship which is inconsistent with them and which would involve for them solfstultlflcatlon This was the attitude only the reasons were different of Garrison Emerson Higginson Phillips and thousands of antislavery men and women who years ago would not connect themselves with churches which were more or less In sympathy with slavery and that would not permit its denunciation in their pul the outside class among those who reject church creeds there Is thero can bo no complete unity of thought If such unity Is absent in the Protestant Christian world where a book revelation is accepted as au thorltatlve how can it be expected among those who do not recognize as authority any book revelation but whose views have been reached Ity the exorcise of individual judgment Yet this class though it has no formulated creed has pretty positive religious beliefs All men have lIes ovon though like the constitu ion of England they aro unwritten and are unformulated in a series of propositions What men believe Is much greater in extent than what they know and beliefs enter largely Into tho guiding Influences of mens lives Mens highest ideals form the substance of their religions Man does live by bread alone and something beyond the mere every day affairs of Ufo is demanded by the heart Tho Roman poet Lucretius amidst the tumult of civil warnod crumbling lrt old beliefs turned to the system of the Greek philosopher Eplcurues and found in itbut not as It has been popularly represented by Its Stoic opponents a stay and com fort for his heart and inspiration for that great philosophical treatise the finest didactic poem of pagan antiquity The Nature of Things Pine great mass of unbelievers socalled It is often said have only negative beliefs but this could bo said with Just as much truth of be lievers If attention wero dlected only to the negative aspects of their thought to what they disbelieve and reject of other systems than tholr own With their points of difference omitted the views of the unbeliev ers held in common among them on religious and cognate subjects may be summarized as follows Enlightened human reason is our highest standard and best guide by which In the last analysis all books and authorities must be tested All truth Is sacred all falsehood profane Sacred books socalled are valuable as records of past thought and as ex pressions T religious life Their teachings are tobo accepted only so far as they accord with reason and truth All religious systems are growths of the human mind natural In origin and development All par titular religions are special forms modified II race climate and char acter out of mans nature and envi of evolution of law and continuity in world should and must replace the unscientific Idea of miraculous creation and supernatural interposition Man has ascended not fallen and by wise and united effort men can accelerate human progress Evil Is nonadjustment and can be continually lessened Al though at birth no person Is a sinner the effects of experiences of ancestors aro Inherited and exist In the form of aptitudes or tendencies Tho good tendencies can be strengthened- and the bad ones weakened by educa tion I ManItwellbelng is the highs t ob effort intelle tual moraltftrtrTJnirca ttiTBn 1wr4rlni condition of such wellbeing an ob n experienco and reflection tho means of Improving this condition Morality is science of hu man relations rational faith is con viction based upon evidence The right and a duty Beliefs can not be changed at will and are neither moral nor immoral in themselves but they Influence us helpfully or harmfully and we should therefore strive for the truth without condemning those Who hive it not Doubt the beginning of wisdom leads to Inquiry Inquiry to knowledge and knowledge gives confidence wig dam and satisfaction The principle of self sacriflce admired in Jesus should be glorified in humanity Ro lance upon ourselves and the lh vlolableness of natural law and be lief In the Improvability of human conditions are allImportant Performance of the duties of lIfo here and now Is tho best possible preparation for any future lIfo which may be ours Wa are all creatures of that infinite and eternal power whose na ture wo may not comprehend but whoso laws it is our duty to learn and in brief is the religious post tion of a very largo number including many eminent thinkers scientists and authors of Europe and America the Influence of whose thought per colatlng down through various tellectual strata Is modifying con tinually general religious beliefs in churches as well as outside of them making necessary revisions of creeds and readjustments of tions These views find expression to a considerable extent from the pul pits of many churches as well as front the platforms of many bodies like the Free Religious Association the So clety for Ethical Culture independjout Liberal associations etc They aro presented attractively in books found in our libraries now widely read In all enlightened lands Their diffusion and Influence in shaping thought aro Increasing Tho most conservative religious bodies like the Presbyterians and Southern Methodists havo not escaped modifying effects the interpenetrating influence of historians like Buckle Groto and Lccky of phllsophers like Mill Comto and Sponcor of natural Ists like Darwin Wallace Huxley and Haeclel of novelists like George Eliot Balzac and Hugo of psycholo gists like Bain RIbot and James of psychiatrists and medical exports llko Mnudsley and Lombroso of tine Strauss and Renan class of writers of Baurnnd the later Tubingen scli3r 1Stanletho New England Transcendntallsts of Buechner Bradlnugh and Ingersoll CuiIwriters of equal or less fume who have helped to produce present inItellectual conditions Their teachings are certainly nllIfinalities but their widespread preen lento their steady progress and their steady progress and their undeniable Influence In modifying old conceptions force them to the front all Intelligent surveys of presenti religious situation and In all attempts to forecast religious conditions In the future 4 Through what elimination revision and supplementary addition thes views will love to pass to make tdmemnL- peptable to the free thinking minds of the next century wo will not at 1 tempt to predict but of this we are 1i sure that the same timespirit and the same process of evolution which are working changes in the creeds of tho churches are modifying Uieojles andmIdeas among those who are outside of the churches for the thoughts of men nro widening with tho process of the suns r WHY NOT KILL THE DEVIL rt t The parson prayed in solemn tone Oh Lord to theo we bow alone God help us to spread the gospel truth That well succeed in our pursuit Thou knowest our father we can not spare Without the Dovll no hell bo there What could wo do if people know lTheyAnd finally wo would get none at all METHODS The Organization into a Political Body WOULDr tACTER1 tho of and press in and legislative 2 resisting all of the State uniting with and assisting and or Justly for and political ex or the corrupt reign of Legislation Initiative s rights and Justice to all nit by all other practical method maintaining liberty and all ilali witch a and tree sent must x l FOR THE PRESS ICHICAG for CAVE Preachers DWELLERS I 320 Pages Cloth POST PAID 100 I I J A Story of the Underworld and the Overworld Parker lh Sercombe Editor ToMorrow Magazine Chicago Only a limited edition of this remarkable book will be printed Each copy will be signed by Scrcombo Him autoumaticallynunmbered orders in will get the low numbers in rotation except No1 which goes to Mrs Sercombe UIFOJ