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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, February 17, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 blu1907021701 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, February 17, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. 1 tr r l11r i e fi k f BLUE URtQ BLADEIr rarxerWE AIM TO OUT DOWN ERRO AND ESTABLISH TRUTH gh ASblitldESe f trKY 1907PUBLISHED WEEKLY 150 A YEA R IN ADVANCE r VOLUME XV NUMBER 45LEXINGTON FEBRUARY r WHEN f t WAS JESUS BORN r Careful Analysis of Evidence Offered on the SubjectDiscussion of the Alleged Facts Given by Cano nical New Testament THE ONLY TRUTHFUL AND CONSISTENT ANSWER By CHARLES O HAYS Perhaps a thought which most rarely engages the attention of our peopl- eke1S that concerning the origin of our era thelllD07thposedly dates from the birth of Jesus IfChrist but which in Reality is an as iisumption established by general ac ceptanco only as In all the wide main of history it finds no word of confirmationn This may seem a bold statement and one which should be made only after a most careful review of all the t facts available to us which may in anyway bear upon the matter Of course when entering upon such an inquiry our first thoughts will most naturally turn to the canonical New Tesament Here let us pause a mo ment that wo may disclaim any In entlon or desire to advocate or criti else any sectarian principle or doc 1trlnal point much less to wound the of anyone but rather to trea the subject In its secular or edu catlonal sense only and certainly we can do Justice to our subject the tes tament and ourselves only by conduct ing our Inquiry with energy and pa tlencebY making our researche- thorough and exhaustive being full assured that the truth will be best be what It may assure also that the t truth cannot suffer from an earnest investigation but Hire pure gold will t come from the crucible of reason all the brighter for the fierce fire Lot a sthen carefully consider all that Mrnay be found in the NeVOTjjstajnentJ r able to discover First then we learn from the book ftof Matthew that Jesus was born some within the reign of Herod Kin tjif of Judea whose infamous slaughter 1or infants Is familiar to all Herod Is said to havo reigned thirty 11 seven years hence an event occurring within such a reign may be of some what Indefinite date and willie It Is true that the beginning of this reign cannot be definitely fixed almost the exact day of Herods death may be determined and In the following man nerWe learn from the writing of Jesephus that the night before th death of the ruler an eclipse of the moon took place an event which till marvelous accuracy of modern mathe matical astronomy places on March 4th B C as the only one fitting the description and visible In Pales tine at or near the time supposed therefore the date of Herods death reduced to terms of our era is March Bth B Wo certainly havo no reason to sume that Jesus was born in the last year of Herods reign but even if we do so assume our era is at least four years short of what It should be our present year 1907 should be at least 1911 and perhaps thirty years greater But this result Is obtained so far as the testament Is used from data furnished by Matthew only which Is not all Referring to tho third chap ter of St Luke we find that Jesus be gan to bo about thirty years of ago In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius of Rome This Is much more definite for since it Is knows that Tiberius began his reign August 19th A D It Is clear that his 1fifteenth year began August 19th t D 28 and If Jesus was thirty years old at this time ho was necessarily born In the year C consequently our present year should bo 1909 This of course does not agree with results obtained from Matthew but Luke gives us some further Information in his second chapter in which he says that Augustus Caesar Issued n pro clamatlon that all the world should be taxed adding that this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was Gover nor of Syria Now Cyrenius was Governor of Syria five years 2 A D to A D 11 and sometime within this period of five years Joseph and Mary went L Into Bethlehem to pay their taxes and while they were In that town Jesus was horn According to this our era is from six to eleven years too great and our present year should not bo greater than 1901 pehaps not more than Hero are three different results de rived from data to be obtained from Matthew and Luke but before we en deavor to render ta decision let us look a little further Surely such a volumnlous writer as St aPul must furnish some clue from which wo may be able to obtain sume definite knowl edge A most careful examination of the Pauline epistles however leads inevitable to the conclusion that a studied and most determined effort had been made to eliminate from those epistles every possible clue to dates anti the effort was well nigh successful but these seems to have been cne oversight and one only However one Is enough and It Is proved In 2 Cor 1132 wherein Paul tells us that the governor under Are tas the King held the city Damascus with a garrison The clue hero afforded Is small but sufficient and Is found In the name Aretas This Is the name of a cession of rulers of Arabia Petrla one of whom wii ontemporary to Ti berlus of Rom hut this cannot possl This Is evident rom certain facts until the fall of lie empire hating lily be the one icntloned by Paul This is evident from certain frets which cannot bolgnored These are Damascus Is the capital of Syria which country wrs conquered by the Romans under Pompelus sixtythree years before Christ and remained Roman province almost continuously until the fall of the empire having ijeeu tempcrarlly occupied a few byythe Arabians and array the idea that any petty Prince o Arabia Portia could in the darn Tiberius have marched an arnll o er a hundred miles of Roman terr tory seized and garrisoned an Import mt Roman city and this at ti heq the Roman TCmnlrnwnB IIl ith hMta power IfIIfP rill Jtih fill 1J1iu consideration It Is absolutely Incon ceivable and impossible is the suppo sltlon that such an Important event as itgattemptred could have escaped mention by all the historians of the t me History records but one Aretas who over had control of Damascus and tills a out sixtyseven years B C Hencebut one conclu soon Is possible It that Pauls ad venture with the his n of King Aretas In Damascus took place before Syria became a oman province But these events i elated by Paul Christethat Is at least thl rtythree years after his birth whlcl event Is thus thrust back at least hundred years before the Christian era which era therefore In correct bya century or the data derived from found different parts of the New Testament lead us to four different conclusions as to the time of the birth of Jesus three of which are more or less In definite and it is therefore up to us to determine If we can by any pro cess of reasoning which Is the most probable which contains the nearest approach to the truth The Information obtained from Matthew and Luke certainly shows puzzling discrepancies but these are small when compared to that between them and St Paul Which then Is most worthy of cre dence Which most probable Sev eral well known facts Incline us to prefer St Pauls account as some what more probable than any other 1 The esplstlos of Paul are known to bo considerably older than any of tho four gospels Evidence of this need not be adduced here as the fact Is known and admitted by critic and apologist alike and the shortest in terval of time supposed to have elapsed after Pauls letters were written until tho gospels appeared so far as the writer knows Is the estimate of Dr Nathaniel Larduer the great English apologist which Is twelve years but later Investigations leave no doubt that tho difference Is several times greater than this It Is at least fifty years and probably more Cer tain it Is that Paul makes no men ton of Augustus Tiberius Herod Cyrenius or any other historical char actor of tho time from which It may be argued that ho was writing at a ++ ++ + oJo1zIZOiJo + i AND ANBli t BY DIL J WILSON t I There Is but one rellglonjl I The many Christians y f Ive got It says the Baptist j- I And and and I tShout all the faithful fiunl Of Luther Calvin Knox Of Wesley Eddy DowieX lesfAnd other orthodox Ii There Is but one rellgloi t Cries loud the Roman rake trest are all Imposts toTho mine their falthjfjney take I i And back they shout their answer t- t You He You He You + Theres but one an lIelIAnd and I and lve1g tIf youd escape the + Dont with the others play + And If youd go to heaven iThen come alcng my From Brigham Young to Likewise they all wayIIm the only Truthful And and I and There Is but one religion And that Is My Belief I I If you dont think as I IYoull surely come to lISo I must hive your lo To land you In the skyt iI+ ++++ +time when these personages were still In the future and knowledge of them Impossible to him True there Is an exception In which Pilate Is mention ed 1 Tim G13 lint this seems so entirely out of harmony with the gen eral character of his writing that It may very easily be another Instance of Interpolated forgery such as are known to abound In the epistles of PaulIOf course In thus placing the time of Paul nearly a century earlier than fs popularly supposed we do not lcl card with tai aUegud lrfftl SWra Agrippa nor with his death at the hands of Nero but be it remembered that Paul himself makes no mention of Agrippa and his supposed death Is traditional rather than historical and it will be a somewhat difficult task to definitely connect him with any historical event within the Chris tlan era while his existence ut anI earlier period finds further confirma tion In the fact that no other new es tament writer makes any mention whatever of Arabia while Paul mentions it vice Gal 117 and 425 and seems to be acquainted with the coun try and Its People which would seem much more probable at a time when Arabian forces could occasionally en ter Syria and even reach Damascus than at a later period when Rome had seized the latter country In any case the later writers of the are silent regarding Arabia gospelsI bian rulers Another feature of case which would seem to argue In favor of Paul as the more competent au thirty is that he writes of his per sonal experience while the gospels seem based on previous accounts or a kind of hearsay Indeed St Luke frankly and plainly avows this In his preface wherein he says that he Is merely setting forth an orderly statement of things which he most surely believes but does not pretend to know as they were delivered unto himEven the martyr St Stephen offers no testimony whatever as to the crucifixion and resurrection although he Is alleged to have suffered in the same city and In the same year in which these events occurred but In stead base all on a seemingly distant past while his destroyers apparently dill not believe or even understand what ho meant This Is explicable only on the supposition that there Is some error in accepted dates Let us illustrate No doubt that when a hundred years shall have elapsed since the great San Francisco earth quake It may be possible to find a few Illiterate residents of that city who would doubt the reality of the great disaster but It certainly Is not possible that any sane adult person living In San Francisco In the year 1900 could havo been Ignorant of that great event In the case of St Stephen however those who rejected his faith were no merely a few but quite a large ma jority of the people might never have heard of them and this accords per fectly with the supposition that our era is fifty to one hundred years short of the truth Now to recapitulate According to Matthew Jesus was born in Herods time which Is indefinite by a third of a cenetury According to Lukes third chapter heiwas born about B C 3 According to Lukes second chapter ho was born while Cyrenius was ftoernor of Syria i e to 4 Pi ul was preaching Christianity at a time when Aretas of Arabia Pe tria had control of Damascus hence Jesus was born at least a hundred years earlier than is generally sup posed and this last seems to have more corroborating evidence than any other but like them Is very definite and we need not therefore be surprised by Prof John Flsks statement that among persons who had thoroughly studied this subject there were no less than one hundred add thirtytwo different opinions as to the year In which Jesus was born How then was our present era originated Why do we reckon time front an event the date of which so s uncertain To this It may be answered that the Idea of counting years from the ad vent of Jesus was not thought of far more than five centuries after the supposed time of that advent and then by the Roman monk DIonyslus Exlguus Soon after It was Introduced Into Italy and propogated by Beda an English monk who died In 735 Charles III of France was the first sovereign to add the words Year of our Lord to his reign In S79 and although Its use was ordered by the bishops In the council of Calcedou It was not legalized until 1000 See Haydens Dictionary of Dates It clear then that when we are asked to name the year In which Je sus was born our most truthful and consistent answer will be that of an old slave who replied to a questio- of his masters with the words Fo de Lawd doan Know NO VERDICT RENDEREP Other Than Editorial Approval of Freethought Organization and Arguments Seems To Be AllI An End BY GEO LEESON The theme of National Freethought organization seems to be terminated so far as arguments pro and con In tho Blade Is concerned With no ver diet rendered other than editorial proval of organization which must re suIt from his deduction of the urge ments published In his paper for and othetperson or persons to repo said findings the debate must result 1 in idle failure and folly or the adoption of the editors verdict Hence procrastination being the thief of time and success and great changes having developed since the debate li Catiiollc and Protestant nations demonstrating their desires to elml nate and utterly destroy the reign conditions now Justifies and demands our Immediate action In the matter of Freethought organization as the world looks on us as the original pioneer leaders and perpetuators of liberty and the na tural selfevident right of man Shall we disgrace ourselves and discourage or trusting friends or measuro them In the language of our Immortal hero that the world are our people and their good our religion verified by or anlzatlon As all progressive happiness of man has and must result from liberal developments and as the average con ditions as yet are not worth the liv ing there can be nothing lost In trying to gain- Therefore be It resolved that we organize and to facilitate matters beI It further resolved that Col Dick Maple editor of the National Ripsaw St Jacob Ill and James E Hughes editor of the Blue Grass Blade orI Lexington Ky are hereby chosen to act as temporary chairmen and sec retary authorized to call on us for such contlngentifumls as may be necessary to defray contingent expenses of committees assistance stationery hall rent and all like contingent penses and to call said national con vention for permanent organization at tho earliest convenient hour atj such a central point as In their judgment will best subserve the greatest Interests and command Now practice or quit preaching JUST A FEW BIBLE FACTS Interesting Array of Data on the Adop tion of the Different Versions ofEthe Old and New Testamentst AV lly JlIUCI9 II With your permission I will giv theI readers of the Blade a few Bible facts that I have picked up here and thereI towlt Of the sixtysix books which the Protestant Bible Is composed twentI three only are supposed to be genuine as to authorship None of them lay claim to Infallablllty nor does the authors thereof anywhere claim to have had recourse to divine Inspira lion The Old Testament once con tained sixteen books or writings thatI It does not now The New Testament once contained sixtyeight more books than It does at the present time There are three separate and distinct versions of the O S towlt Hebrew Samaritan and Septugant None of the three versions contain the same writings The N S embraces the Peshito the Egyptian the Etheloplc the Gothic the Italic and the Vulgate and each differ as tho books compos Ing them Tho Vulgate Is divided IntoI six different versions no two of which are precisely alike towlt Wlckllffe Luther Tyndale King James Donay and the New Version The compilation of the Old Testament began B C The Jews have never regarded the O S as being fallible except the ten commandments- The gospels are of more recent ort gin than any of the other books con tanned In the New Testament The 0 S was the only Bible used by Christ ians until the advent of the Apostle Paul No writings of the N S existed wasnno recognized Catholic Bible prior D Nor was there any writ Ings of Protestant origin until D The Old Testament contains prophecy foretelling the coming of the Son of Man Now with these facts before them how cant any Intelligent believe In the silly nonsense that supportsthe Christian faith Ig norance dishonesty and cowardlse Is at the back of the whole dn shoot Ing match Mr Hughes you may put my name dawn as one wanting a copy of tht proposed Moore Book if times were not quite so tight I would send you a postal order for n copyof Dr Wil sons Rome Book I am a great ad mirer of the Doctor have before me now a photo of his I clipped from Higher Science In a nice gilt frame The old B G B Is 0 K and you can paiduptrenderc I 1LINCOLN I NOT A CHRISTIAN J Strong Testimony of the Martyred r i Presidents Unbelief In the Chris c j tian Faith as Tried by Ortho dox Standard 4r SERMON PREACHED FROM- UNITARIAN PULPIT BY FRANK GAY EDDY The following Is a published report 3kGayChurch at Salt Lake City While Mr 1FreetilnlThe Religion of Lincoln Perhaps r the least profitable way of discussing this subject would be by the method of measuring his beliefs by the conIventional and orthodox standards of Christianity To do so would result in denying to Abraham Lincoln the right to be called a Christian Yet the dullest of us recognize that this man possessed a deeply religious soul that all his motives were essentially religious We are correct In assum- Ing the noble piety of Lincoln but seldom think on the fact that there Is not a creed In Christendom to which could honestly subscribe Here was a man of unquestioned greatness and great not only In mastery of men and discernment of events but morall great as well In his abounding charity and kindly patience Here was a genuinely religious man If there ever was one since Jesus wandered forth from his native village a prophet un honored If Lincoln stands by choice without the pale of the church there must be something wrong either In the man or the Institution If there Is a type of religion which Is almostAentirely disconnected with tile creedal and formal observances of theY Christian churclrns exnmnllflni ftipof this man of rare greatness IV Is surely worth our while to Inquire It In his early manhood while a clerk at New Salem Ill Lincoln In com with several other young men read Volneys Ruins and Pained Age of Reason These books help ed him to mental emancipation Thomas Paine has been made a bogie man and Is publicly denounced even now by men who never read his writings as an Infidel or an atheist In reality while ho seared many timid owls with his fearless logic mad bril llant style he has Inspired not a few strong ones with a simple faith which was all the stronger for very simplic lay Religion to many people appeals chiefly because of the mystery In which It Is shrouded They seem to think the more difficult It Is made of comprehension the greater reverence It Is entitled to Such people are like child trying to solve a problem lu complex fractions They refuse to simplify their fractions and consequently never arrive at a solution which can be understood A man like Paine comes along and simplifiesIour religious fractious a sea of absurdities anti gives us version cf religion In all Its austere simplicity When such a man speaks the many shout Infidel and betake themselves to the Intellecutal back woods but some like Lincoln hear and understand and step forth intoithe sunlight It Illustrates the text that Unto them that hath shall be areo f strung meat for strong This attitude toward matters re throughouto J his life Yet It was not the attitude of an Irreligious man It was merely a process of clearing away mental cobwebs Some people as a result ofethe Influence of religious liberals jt throw over their Inherited convictions 4themselvesa positive character In the way of religion With Lincoln however this was not true Let us see what constituted the religion of this great and simple na ture It was the faith which flowed froth ea great motive That motive IsoAexpressed in the thought of Jesus when he tells us that he would save his life must lose it or when he bids disciples understand that he who j Continued on Page Four i 4i 1 I- it du f a J THE BLUE GRASS BLADE J Published at Lexington Kentucky Every Sunday Founded 1884 and edited by Charles Chilton Moore up to his death February 1906 JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 150 pea year In advance Trial subscription 15 cent per month All foreign subscription postpaid 200 per yeear Five new subscribers sent with one remittance at ioo per year each ADVERTISING RATES ALT ADVERTISEMENTS of whatsoever character ac cepted will be published at the rate of 100 per Inch per month unless by special contract when other and better rates will be quoted upon applica tion The publishers have the right to reject any t tand all advertisements offered 1ti5itGErERAIDUS NESS RULES IALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued Jatthe expiration of the term for which the sub has been paid up In advance Then yaddress sill on the paper will show subscribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will bo sent If 1f asked for upon renewal in case of discontinuance frt MAKE ALL money orders drafts checks cote payable to JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky as this will facilitate collection 1SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this once giving both old and new and the Blade will be sent to the new address as t desired r THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at 126128 4 North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE is entered at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as second class mailing matter i ADDRESS ALL COMMUTATIONS TO THE BLUE- GRASSt BLADE P Box 393 Lexington Ky Truth alone is mighty r r r r If souls could be served like Joins r r r g The religious turnpike is getting unsafe r r r r Nan values most what is the hardest to get The man who works does not get rich quick r r r r Prhver is a poor substitute for needful labor r r r r Opportunity does not bother those who prefer to sleep r r r r Unless a man has money he cannot afford to be eccentric- r r r r CyyReligious liberty is the mostvalued pillar of this republic r r r r kJtPleasurc before duty means that duty will get the worst of it r r r4f 1rOnly a destitute age counts being rich as the greatest of virtues y f Tolook for trouble does not imply that you will be disappointed r r r What a lot of wise men there would be in the world if every man knew half as much as he thinks hhcknows r r r That mirror has not yet been made that will en able men and women to see themselves as others see them r r t Earthquakes in Kingston and the Philippines t volcanoes active in Hawaii the Thaw trial on an extra session of Congress threatened Good Lord deliver us r greatl wealth go hand in hand severe toil make it possible to mold the mind with moral precepts This is why the poor are more moral han the rich Every genius is a new inspiration Every truth bodied forth to the world is a new revelation But orthodoxy huts laid claim to both as proofs of a God that does not and cannot exist Sixty centuries of Christian mythology have pass ed away and man is no nearer the eternal city now than he was at time beginning Is it not time that plans folly found some new foible and the t t gods have a much needed rest- r r r Would that some defender of the Blade could be found who would consent to be swallowed by a whale for a few days in order to give the world a more realistic account of that remarkable journey said to have been once undertakes by Jonah r r r By private mail the Blade has been informed that all that is accords with the plan of the crew tor Then Christ deserved to be crucified for j trying to create new social conditions and Galileo oscrvoil jail for interfering with the stupid ignor tiif of Catholic cardinals There is no othcr log iial conclusion S r r r As the world still persists in judging the character of a man according to the company he keeps our future residence is not difficult of choice Four r criminals have been jerked to Jesus in one day in Kentucky Two for murder two for criminal as sault Now the question is what disposition has been made of the souls of the victims i r r r Orthodox religion always flourishes most where igmio anpprevails while Atheism is rapidly be as the correlative of edu4 cation The very fact that Atheism cannot be found along the ignorant is an argument in itself 1 I that should set thoughtful men and women t b rious reflection If left alone education will its work- S r r r Think of the misery the Almighty must endure to know that he is being lied about every day by those who claim to be his ordained representatives It is passing strange that God is not tcmpteltotake a potshot at an occasional sists in defaming him with his foolish dogmatism If god was only a man he would not stand it for a single day without resisting S r r r hivebecomebusiness establishments each peddling its own pc culiar brand of saving grace and warranting it the only genuine denouncing all others as imitations whodaretial harmony they arc destined to produce in the heavenly heirarchy r r r Man in ignorance peers about him and by the uncertain light of his small intelligence reads a word here and a line there in the great Bookof Nature and putting together the few scattered fragments he is capable of scraping up makes for himself a religious faith which he defends with a fanatical fervor Dare to call it in question and you are branded as a heretic deny it altogether mind you arc denounced an enemy of the human race Theres little justice in religion r r r r Why is it that with the most fertile land upon the globe our resources not half developed no dearth of willing capital our working people the most intelligent and energetic upon which the sun ever shone taken man for man the world has never contained their equal their productive capability being considered a marvel even in this age of in dustrial miracles and yet American labor is at very deathgrip with destiny sinking deeper every year into time Slough of Despond that frightful of all Gehennas the hell of Want r r r r CONCERNING THE SOUL MARKET For an intangible incomprehensible incxplic cable indefinable nonentity souls arc rapidly be coming an expensive luxury and the most assidious of the Christian organizations are compelled to shellout big sums of money to obtain even a few for the glory of Christ and him crucified One of the principal even the favorite argu ments of the orthodox Christian church has been that salvation is without money and without price In these days of Mammon worship it is time cash value and not the soul itself that counts Every missionary enterprise connected with Christianity is a begging institution The cry is continually being heard for money and then more money If the Christian religion is essentially and intI nsi cally a good thing It should be pushed for all it is worth but it takes cash to make the vehicle n eve A few days ago in one of our daily newspapers the following news item appeared which ivil be foiled interesting to many Time Blades reproiluctts it with its headlines that oiw renders may sejj the force of tine argument it contains It reads EXPENSIVE RELIGIOUS WORK Costs Least to save a Soul in Louisville1 625 to Save One in Boston Special to The Evening Gazette New York Feb 13Parson Uzzall of the Peo pies Temple in Denver who is holding sn meeting here declared last night that it costs 625 on an average to save a soul in Indianapolis 450 in Bos ton 525 in New York 78 in New Orleans and 50 in Louisville Just why a soul should cost 625 in the capital of the Iloosier State when in Louisville which is only on time other side of the Ohip River they can be purchased at 50 each appears incapable of ex planation unless souls arc a drug on the market in the Falls City and mighty scarce in Indiana Would itbe too much to suggest that if souls are wanted to any serious extent in Indianapolis where they cost so much that a large quantity bo pur chased in Louisville where they ire cheaper and shipped over by freight of by express In any event there would be great saving in cash Can it be that because the Louisville souls are native to Kentucky they arc affected by Bourbon while in Indianapolis they have been bartered in blocks of five Why should an Indiana soul cost so much and a Kentucky soul so little Is time Indiana variety ofa more superior quality Kentucky spirits arc noted time world over and the Blade clue see no reason wily Kentucky souls shoulc berated at such ridiculously low prices compared with similar commodities in a neighboring State Then why should a soul cost more in New York than in Boston YAre we not led to believe that the Bostonesc are more aesthetic than the inhabi tants of Gotham and should sot this fact have some hearing on the market value of time souls Even New Orleans with its French atmosphere and absinthe is quoted at a higher rate than Louisville and the latter has got every right under the sun to a sized kick As a rule that which is most difTiClht to obtain man values most and if this sonic rule is applicable to the soul market then there is something radically wrong wtih the law of supply and demand The latter law is held to regulate all prices With a strong demand and a limited supply prices go up Reverse the con ditions and prices fall to a lower scale Apply this rule to the subject under discussion mind it would appear that Louisville is chock full of souls while you could hardly find one with a telescope in In dianapolis This may account for the fact that Louisville is scrumpulously religious and it would suggest that Indianapolis notoriously wicked From the figures quoted however we can arrive at some reasonably approximate idea of what wouldcost to corner the soul market in the itI States The average price per soul would be 300 Assuming that tine church has already bought 30000000 there arc yet 50000000 on the bear side Taking the average cash value of each at 300 it would require a sum equivalent to fifteen billions of dollars to buy up the lot Now we can understand why the church needs so much money why the contribution box is handed around with such remarkable fluency and regularity and why it ought to reveal something more desirable than collar buttons and beer checks At the same time we can understand what a mighty undertaking the church has on its hands Well may it be said Money oh inoncy thy praises I sing Thou art my Savior my God and my King Tis for thee that I preach sued for thee that I pray And take up a collection twice each Sabbath tiny r r r RELIGIOUS LIBERTY IN SPAIN With the continued successful operation of the Separation law in France the cisalpine storm against ecclesiasticism now threatens to invade Italy and only downfall of the dc Armijo min istry in Spain has put a temporary check upon thcI progressive march of Liberalism in that monkin fested country These are the interesting signs of the times and they point conclusively in one direction time tel mination of clerical domination in Latin Europe The three great Latin Nations France Spain and Italy have done Snore than all other nations com bined to foster ecclesiasticism and have extended both financial aid and encouragement From these storm centers of religious tyranny the poisonous power 5f the church has extended into adjacent ter ritories first in one form juul then in another until whole of Europe was under its blighting in fluence By stealth and strategy it forced its way to the power and influence until the people rose in rebellion against its usurpations petty tyran sues Now its very strongholds threatened France has emerged from the iron embrace and the spirit of fecdom marching oer the Alpine chain has found a firm foothold in the other two Latin countries According to the latest information vouchsafed on this side of the Atlantic Liberal organs ofI Spain arc slaking vehement and bitter protests against the political power of the church while the defenders of the ecclesiastical policies are denounc ing them for attempting to sow seeds of re igious war in Spain Time latter even complain that the young king Alfonso is tainted With Eu ropeanism whatever that may steam and base their argument upon fact that during time year 1905 he proclaimed right of marriage by civil contract as being separate and apart from sacer dotalism True it was indeed that in spite of the protests of Pope Pius late King of Spain pro claimed the liberty of religious opinion and freedom of public worship for all while the other side de man cd that Stone but Catholics should make pub lic demonstration of their worship This was the first great step in the religious freedom of the Spanish people and they have made great strides fuithcV along the path of intellectual freedom since that day and generation Naturally American Freethinkers could express time wish that the recent do Armijo ministry in Spain might have continued for it was essentially a government of for and by time people as against the church power During its regime it was beset on every side Its foes combined against it and Time Pais a newspaper published at Madrid con sequent upon its downfall complained that with its demise Spain would be subjected to the in vasion of monastic orders which pour in from every quarter of the globe upon the soil of Spain to add to the misery in which poorer classes live ground down under ecclesiastical taxation Who among us in America today can read a state ment like that coming from the very scat of HII government of Snain and would insist that reli ious freedom is not essential to human happiness When the government of do Armijo had been lheI only immovable irreformablc incommigibly corrupt government which exists in all time worldisi the Spanish monarchy With it all one can readily see the trend of pubI lic affairs in the land of the Dons There is a strong movement now on foot which bids fair of fruition to establish lay associations of public wor ship on a plan similar to that now prevailing in the French republic with restrictions to be placed on time power of the church to acquire mind hold property and to confer upon Cortes the rightI to give its sanction of to exercise its veto upon theI foundation of religious societies as well as the power to revise and remodel those already exist ing This accomplished would mean the triumph of civil authority over ecclesiasticism and the pen plo would become real rulers of Spain May it succeed is profound hope of every lover of mental and religious freedom- r r NO BIBLE AT YALE The foolkillcr must be dead or he must surely have overlooked one of Yales professors or else he is not on to his job Professor William Lyon Phelps of which partic ular chair at Yale papers do not state has given vent to a protest against any student being allowed to enter that institution of learning un less he show by examination that he is well versed in the Bible In other words this young man who rushed into print in search of notoriety would abolishall time prevailing text books for prepara tory examinations in English prose and would stitute the Bible for them IAmoug the reasons assigned for such an inno Phelps states that the Bible possesses every variety of English composition suitable for teaching purposes and in the very next breath he complains that the ignorance of college stu dtnts of Biblical literature is universal profound amid complete It is in the latter expression that he gives the whole snap away Prof Phelps de plores the general ignorance of Bible literature and as a means of enforcing Bible reading and study ho would compel all college students to be well versed in this class of religious literature to their loss in other directions Wo presume that the professor would insist upon every student being thoroughly familiar with the story of Judah and Tamar of the trick played upon Lot by his daughters of Noahs escape upon letting out of the ark and why Ham was convert ed into an theo ian Time story of Ruth would have a wholesale influence upon the youthful mind far better than Parkhurst could suggest Davids laison with Bathsheba the dalliance of Solomon in the primrose path and his well stocked harem ad ded to the lamentations of Nahum would have a decided tendency to increase the students knowl edge of the beauties of English prose and inculcate a profound respect for time Bible heroes It is time that even Prof Phelps had learned that the Bible like the Decameron is a work to be talk ed about but should be read as little as possible Time sooner it is removed from English literature altogether the better it would be for public and private morality That time undergraduates are not familiar with Biblical literature is to their eter nal credit and a testimonial to the moral virtue of their primary instructors Anticipating criticism of the new scheme he would introduce into time Yale curriculum Pof Phelps suggests that the substitution of selected portions of the Bible would be an enormous conve nience to examining boards and would instantly silence a vast majority of complaints Such a scheme would not fill time bill as laid down by this very eminent professor His further complaint that source of the best known of the Bible characters are subjects upon which most of the students arc ignorant would not he improved by j having only selected portions of the Bible studied for examinations Such a course would mean only a partial and onesided knowledge the Bible whereas ifn student must know ofJof it he must know it all before he is to pass judgment upon it either for himself or others The objection would not be met by having the examining boards make the selections as they would be very careful to select only those portions which pleased them and were suited to their rcli ious tastes and desires Thus the effort would re sult in a sectarian education for time purpose or effect of boosting one side of the Christian game it the expense of another The general tendency of modern education is to make it as secular as it is possible for it to be and this can only be done by getting as far away froiw Bible as it is possible to get There is nothing elevating in the Bible literature It is immoral to- degree It is demorallzmgTiTlfsTnTnflmTJe UpOJl the youthful mind It places a false construction upon human life It begins with a lie passes through fraud and ends with a hideous nightmare- If one is permitted to judge from time preten sions of Prof Phelps time Bible has been given a fold shoulder at Yale and if Yale is wise it will con- tinuo to give it a marble heart If time Bible has not liccn accorded a place in the Yale syllabus Yale is entitled to respectful consideration of a libertyloving moralitydesiring people Yale would be far better off without both Bible and Phelps than be compelled to carry both If Phelps insists on sticking foolkiller should be given an invitation- r r r THE PAINE MEMORIAL- So many of our readers have written congratula tory letters upon Paine Memorial issue that we feel well repaid for the effort Thaddcus B Wakeman the foremost of the con tributors to that issue writes and suggests that time issue was too good to be permitted to die out as an irridcsccnt dream and acting upon that we suave caused two thousand extra copies to be printed which are now for stile at five cents each six copies for twentyfive cents or twentyfive for one dollar If the full thousand could be distributed judiciously they would do much to refute time numerous falsehoods that have been circulated concorning the life and character of Paine The next few days will sec the matter contained in that issue put in pamphlet form This will admit ofa better preservation of the articles and they are certainly too good to be soon forgotten or put aside The cost of the pamphlet will be ten cents or twelve for one dollar und orders will be receiv ed at once tar quay number We shall print two thousand copies bccforo distributing the typo but we would like to make the number ten thousand instead of two provided we could dispose of them We would be pleased to book orders now for the extra copies of time Paine number as well as for the pamphlet r r r r What hope can human race enjoy feel or experience from the nightmare visions and stertor ous dreams of itinerant evangelist At best they can but rummage among mummified cats and hasbeen kings of Israel and they can this scrip tural evidenceinsist the mother give evidence of her relationship to her infant child and did god Utually exist could he not furnish evidence enough without delegating that duty to a pack of hungryicoyotes who forever stand with an open palm and insisting that it is better to give than to receiver t Ile is a wise who makes it his duty to find the best in anothers character and will praise him for the good ho has lone I wa 4J ji IttorJo IHHoJIJ I OUR LETTER BOX f t+ +++II44+llo1oI i Some Good Suggestions Independence KyFind enclosed my check for flGO for another years subscription to the Blue Grass Blade have always considered cents too cheap for the Blade but that it should bo 100 straight My opinion is that you are now 50 cents too high for a good circulation The larger the clr culatlon tho greater tho good Your readers have boon greatly pleased with your editorials The amount of superstition that is poured out every Sunday from tho pul pits Is something apalllng It is no wonder that tho majority of minds Ihavo the snakes of superstition crall freely and unhampered through them I cleared them from my brain at an early ago and I took special pains to see that my children were kept clear from same Childhood teachings and impressions aro theI hardest to get rid of and it is a fact that some of our strongest infidels are at times put to their utmost to down Impressions emblbcd in their child hood Every infidel parent should see that every such thought put before the minds of his children should not go there unchallenged The common practice by parents o fso teaching tho little ones that Santa Claus will bring them presents onI Christmas Eve and then upon their awaking Christmas morning to find that ho had actually been there and stuffed their little stockings full of good things and presents although every door has been locked is one of their early lessons in superstition and ono that long impresses the child after ho has learned better In this the childish mind is taught to believe And picture in his childish imagination phantom being coming from someea I where in tho north once a year steal f Ing noiselessly into every homo In fact nothing offering obstruction My children were told as soon as they were of an ago sufficient to understand that there is no Santa Claus that their mother nod father constitute the only Santa Claus However they reo celved presents Just tho same and en Joyed the day as one of giving good will and pleasure I sometimes go to church OccasIon- ally I hear a sermon that contains some good thoughts but generally I go away absolutely disgusted with th rank superstition that has been pa before the hearers with all sincerity poisonous stuff fed to the young minds who have been taught to have faith and belief In what the preacher says Th2Dl mannJaQd lf and no man can talk bac and I feel that It Is a shame his remarks must go out unchallenged r know that you have experienced the same but you have tho means an opportunity to answer and I am Ing to suggest this thought to you as one that will not only bo beneficial spiritually but will bo of financial Importance to the Blade Tho idea Is this That every Sunday you tend and hear the discourse of son preacher in LexIngtonnote tho s perstition taught anil make a pc sonal answer in tho Blade every wee to the sermon heard tho Sunday before This move will increase demand for tho Blade especially In Lexington These personal attacks or rather replys will have the effe of curtailing the superstition tha everyISaw Same When a Boy Enmniiel KJI enclose you check for 100 on the Bldae I saw In a recent issue of your paper a letter purporting to halo been written by the Governor of Judea to Caesar That same tiling went the rounds of all the newspapers when I was a boy fortj years ego and I remember reading it well not perhaps the same words hut covered exactly tho same ground ndn this Is only one of many proofs to hold up tho Christian theology Well the whole thing resolves Itself into this question Would a God of infinite wisdom reveal a thing to Ulan that man would doubt and need to provo to himself and to his fellows nut at what point I touch of Christian faith I see something childish insane superstition or idiotic What is more childish than the garden of Eden and snake story What more superstitions than the story of witch of Endor or more Idiotic and insane than the Book of Revelations But when I look the whole thing over I am tired nail want to rest EMMET JOYNER Have Lost the Copy Huntlngburg IndYes send John Kaisers Blade to Huntlngburg Ind I think tho pbstofllco clerk or tho post master himself took on themselves to order John Kaisers Blade to the city of Denver They arc very cute at times It seems If it is not too much trouble to you wish you would return tho card ordering that chango to me a 4 5i t iJi fM pJyh + f it I will enclose you addressed envelope to return It In if you find It I only received one copy of tho Issue con taming Dr J B Wilsons lecture Sup pose that was all you had to spare Am thinking some about having a lit tic pamphlet printed containing my little bout with the Tribune editor and dedicating It to my little boy ODonald D Daly I think awry parent should write their opinions on religion and politics especially after they have discovered the truth think it would ho a much more dlffl cult task for the clergy and their flocks to brow beat our children into submission Also do you think It would be policy for mo to include Dr J B Wilsons Cincinnati lecture and H Ingersolls letter from Hl in tho little pamphlet provided these would have no kick a coming from the Dr himself or the originator tit the Ingersoll letter If you think we can get the Doctors consent and the sent of tho writer of the Ingersoll ter I win take the matter up with you as to the probable cost of say from ono to five hundred Would expect you to name the pamphlet and say whether it should go free or for 10 centsW C DALY Religion Has Changed East Greenwich R II see when 1907 begins that I commence a new year for tho Blade I herein send send tho tag out as far as It goes when that Is out then send again I can see that religious views are chang- Ing from what they were years ago Then ministers preached legends myths superstitions the old hell care tho devils roaming power now with learned men it is laid aside science and theory applied makes very differ ent outlook The ministers are get ting to be the largest people on earth Lots of them wont even plant themselves a garden when all tho canches ready at hand dont like to see such absurd laziness I know a min- Ister once used to preach that a lord that could and would not sing should be made to sing I think plenty of tho ministers could help themselves 1more than they do It Is a drain on poor communicants people not going to hear to its doings ROBERT C ARNOLD The Work of God Keats Kansas We are told in sacred writ about the Ark of God I always has been a mystery to mo what tho Ark of God was and what largtrled It when they went to war against some kingdom of people also when King David was moving the Ark of God while crossing afloor it shook steadyIt It e Ark of God was small enough that a man carried It to battle and so large that King David took a yoke of oxen batth d not true Freethinkers want the truth not a lie to believe Can some priest or preacher that explains all the Bible stories explain this story about tho Ark of God Remember we Pleaue WIkn same THOMAS DUELL Got Copy By Accident Apache OldaDr accident a copy anisr tho last forty years and being ana ire of old Kentucky hence a line of encouragement to reprint the forty seven nuts for the goody goody peo plo to crack and In tho language of tho Honorable Sam Clark one hour before death will add one more Why should wo tear death It is a natural process and above all things not to be feared I dont know where shall go but tho whole of life is n mys tery and why should fear to die tho end of It There may be another world I am satisfied to find out when get there We are conceived our mother womb and wo go through a period of a number of months Wo do not cannot know What we are coming to until we ar rive in this land of sunshine How more can wo tell whore we are going Why should we seek to know I am satisfied to leave It to the allwise spirit that rules these affairs People have called me an Agnostic I claim to be a believer The life of Jesus has been an inspiration to me but because my mind could not grasp till dogmas that were put before It havo been fenced by them without tho enclosure My Christianity Is satisfactory to me and If my end should come I go satisfied This has been a beautiful world and though I havo suffered much I am far moro than recompensed I am years old We do not reap the wheat that we sow Tho harvest Is a succession anil not a ressurectlon =V A WALKUP About Organization Norwalk Conns a suggestion I would offer a few remarks as toy or ganizatlon Tho only trouble Is lacki of Interest In the subject We are not aggressive enough Let us commence tho now year by publishing only aggressive and progressive news along the whole lino of liberal tiiought Tho greatest trouble in sus ta ming a liberal Journal or organize flea is the lack of aggressiveness It Is almost an impossibility to get a now subscriber to the Blade under Its present management Not but what it Is ably edited and finely printed but the progressive man or woman of today want something aggressive along the whole line of liberal thought Something that will build up our tango our Journals ome thing that will interest and Instruct from week to week Give us something along the line of our lamented W C BrasBons writings who die a martyr to Froethought by the hand of a cowardly assassin Have we not evidence enough that our building is founded on a rock Have we not tho truth of all nature on our side Why should wo falter by tho way side Why should we not confine along ag grosslvo and progressive llnoes We can never drown the cohorts of Hill with tho milk of human kindness There will bo no troublo about ganIzation When our journals get out of the old rut and publish something from week to week that a pro gresslyo people want to readA B BENNETT Wants Rome Book Wylie Texas Find enclosed ono dollar and fifteen cents for which you will please forward to my address below Dr JB Wilsons A Trip To Rome I havo a great desire to read it as r see it so highly spoken of I shall hope to lie able to take the Moore memorial book if you publish it I have no doubt you will find n ready solo for it Address tho Wll son Rome book to MRS MARY P CAMP Good Paper To Read New Castle PaI was one of five subscribers for tho Elude and the years subscription was up last March also will be one more year next March but I do not know what became with tho boys I mean the other four I will send you two lars that will make me square till next March and then I will send you ono fifty for next yeear I could butwas waiting for tho man who got my subscription when we got up the club Please send my paper Wish ing you success for it Is a good per to read MICHAEL KLINK Wholl Take the Generalship A Luttorman has stint mo a clippIng from your paper headed with my name If I only had five heads and five pair of bands I could do my housework with one set My temperance worst with another and with the other three sots I might be able to write for several papers and answer all letters But Nature will not allow mo but one head and pair of hands and I must choose what I can do and leave the rest for others to do I cannot find time to write regularly for only one paper Of course I want to see a Materialist column In every publication possible They have a general in command of each dlvlsl of an army That Is the way to carry on our war If I have started a good thing be wise enough to use tho same method and do as able luwork Dont sayCant I think you and several other editors each havo enough materialists In your own subscription list to do it Get one of thorn to be Materialist Secretary for your paper Invite all the Material Ists to send him not over 100 words on each of tho materialist subjects Your secretary can make out a good symposium for your paper from the Ir answers Please try it It will set your materialists to thinking and writing and their answers will set all others In thinking Will you become a member of Materialist Association ELIZA MOWRY BLIVEN Nearer To His Ideal Punta Gorda FlaI nm sending you In this letter postofllce money order for 150 to rotten my scription to tho Blade I should feel very much at a loss for something to road Sundays Tho Bnlde is nearer up to my ideal of a liberal paper now than It was years ago Like honey age Improves It Wishing you n Happy New Year I antF T PERKINS The Priest and the Woman Philadelphia PnI trite plensy In sending you clippings from Phi dolphin papers I hope you will gl them a prominent place on the fit page of tho Blade When S Putman and May Collins wore found dead in a Bostol Hotel every Protestant anti Catholic nc paper had n full account in in headlines upon their front page tho baneful teachings of infidel and true love So I hopo you will give tho sumo duo publicity EsP oci ally the totter which tie housekeeper Cant marry you today my church i wont 1me Priest found dead with lilsl house keeper Murder or Suicide Glvo full particulars for the readers of the Blade You will serve fluff the priest has been room- Ing wltP Bridget since July and givIng Ins and passing out the blood and bread and nobody noticed any difference JAS B ELLIOTT From a Life Member Ganal Dover Ohio Enclosed find draft for for which extend the Blade one year also that of R P Hlchon Canal Dover Ohio Mr Hlckon is a good honest freethinker a poor man with poor health I furI nish him several papers Also send a few Henry funeral sermons Put the balance to the poor fund Let me congratulate you for tho many good changes you have made in the Blade I think every change you made was or is for the better of tho Blade The first five lines on the editorial page should be mentioned as long as the Blade is published These lines should stand as history of tho paper and Its present management We also appreciate the change In the editorials not only In their quality and arrangement but In the large typo and splendid print This is ap predated especially by a number of old people I am nearly 77 and am not pleading the cause of the young now Put me down for the Moore bookS TOOMEY Getting Better All the Time West Leipslc Ohio Please find closed one dollar and fifty cents 160 for Blade which will pay my subscription to November 1907 Would have remitted sooner but on account of sickness could not I am tho only one In this neighborhood that believes In material facts stead r of faith I have paid for ser eral subscriptions Paid Isaach Lyt tes last year take one of Moore book when published I send stamps for Dr Wilsons address at Captain Henrys funeral I think the Blade Is good and getting better all the tlmeJ S CARNAHAN Taking War To Africa Walla Walla Washmado In with reply to Dr Gregory Great Now Ill see if hell let me read It In his pulpit or read It himself Will try and get editor of Union to pub lish Send me extra copies of that number for enclosed stamps right away as I want them for his congre gation while Its hot Sent you a marked paper Presbyterian sermon preacher a Kentuckian Swel- lchurch I have Interviewed him Don like ijifm as I dont think he Is hon est Jjnld Heackel was not regarded as a scholar and Dr Gregory was not a theologian but a philosopher Fact In printing his sermon you said he was Cumpbelite Wrong no creed or dogma to his church the finest here Received the enclosed prayer Found on door step My unknown admirer thinks I need saving Chain letter prayer Now Jim for fear I will have some misfortune If I do ont send It out to others Jesus that Roman Catholic Bishop is a corker on ad vertlsing and to give as many as possible tho great blessing I thought I would send It to the made thoat linotype of yours is liable to go wrong or some great calamity strike the Blade outfit Ive done m part Be good or try as hard as ono in your business canJOHNSON Not Orthodox But a Believer Vinton Iowa Means the natural life of every evil doer- One that does evil has grieved hi own spirit as our body has been made the temple of the Holy Ghost Cor G1419 as tho kingdom of God heaven Is within every one called the new heaven and now earth called that world Luke 203530 This world Is the kingdom of God within us Ch 1721 as it represents our ward spiritual church and all who worship In temples made by hands Seo Acts 172425 are defiling their own temple church of God Seen in Cor 31017 These are called tho broken oft branches that do not abide with Christ John 16C this makes every evil doer to kindle our own hell fire Seo Psnlah 50 note vli Gods plan of salvation makes ovary babe abdlever as they cannot commit sin and they aro exerted to hold fast tholr profession Heb 414 As the twig is inclined so the child works Is put upon their own head Psalms 71GE CHASE areHave Made It Splendid enclosedstfifty cents to renew my subscrip tion for the Blue Grass Blade You havo made It a splendid paper I see opennskickrefstyofficials they dont do right I some aro kicking against So cialism but anybody that has a think or of his or her own ought to see that is what wo havo to come to If the people dont coma to Socialism then I f a few will own this earth and tho masses have to he serfs and tenants under tho few like it is in tho old country cant see why Mr C C Moore could not see Into Socialism when Dr Wilson to my notion the greatest man In the land has mado it so plain have been am yet an independent voter since Peter Cooper came out with his platform voted against the two old parties ever since From Peter Cooper to Socialism I am not afraid of giving up my farm and get nothing in return when I get done with my farm I want some one else to enjoy It ts not right for ono man to own thousands of acres of land and not till any of It I have read A Trip to Rome twice It is a great book I wish I could have rightthroughMetz was born and raised along the river Please forward letter to Dr Wilson when you get through with it Rhine and Dr Wilson corroborate with fathers stories ho used to tell us children about that country Dr greatbIggetthInksmind writing I am a Freethinker po rellglouslyFRANK AlrlghtClinton weeks ago asking you to discontinue your inNovember stopItper sent and now be kind enough to stop It or give it to some one who would real it Trusting that I shall not have to write on the matter again am MRS JAMES GREENHILL Must Llk Socialism Buckley Wash Enclosed find money order for 75 cents for six months subscription for the Blade to be sent to H Klink Buckley Wash- Ington Enclosed find three clippings from the Tacoma Times One on church union One of your Southern Conocratic would be President cussing religion and one editorial from the Times France Abolishing GodFriend H Kllnk is a great Free thinker I ways let him have the Blade when they have accumulated on me and ho distributes them He is not afraid to go up against anybody Ho is also a class conscious steeltGRAN Did the Right Thing Galveston IndFind money order for 150 I should havo sent you this sooner but was sick You done the right thing when you raised the price of the Blue Grass Blade You want money to pay a proof reader Expect you will havo to raise the paper to 200 soon or have no proof reader You need oneELISHA VON BUS KIRK Best He Ever Read DeBeque Colo Kind friend as such you naturally are as proof of my appreciation of your efforts toward Freethought you will find en closed 150 to move up my tab which by the way will soon expire at which time I hope to renew The last three Blades have been well worth the subscription price Dr Bowles speech was the cleanest and best that I have over rad WALTER VAN CLEAVE We Do Job- PRINTING WAR The Elgin and Waltham Watch Cos have Indirectly declared war on HampdenWatchBy continually reducing prices they forcethemmany times a millionaire who em ployes Union Labor onlywill not join them In their nefarious scheme He promptly meets all reductions male by the olJer companies until now watches are actually sold far low value Note the lastest quotations 23 Jeweled Spl Ry New Ry 23 jwls 20 John Hancock 21 Jewels 1050 or Dueber W Co 21 Jewels only 16 Above all in silver ine screw case prepaid In 20 yea tiwatchl7The17 Jeweled not adjusted 15 tiyearpaid with guarantee Buy nowl When this war is over you will pay 30 per ft cent more WHEN IN SEARCH OF A Engagement Ring DIAMONDrlLocket or Pin dont you could correctly judge value and buy them first from the Cutters and Importers and thus save 30 per cent or the dealersrprofit This you can do if will confide in ard order of me am an expert se loci Diamonds with great carp from largest stock In Chicago get lowest trade prices and best cash discounts For my time and wok for giving you the benefit of my 40 years ex perlence as a diamond merchant I will only charge you per cent No i Jeweler or catalogue house can com pete with me Send for price lists of Watches not listed here Chains Jewelry Rings Silver and Plated Ware Optical Goods lagers Spoons F T Badges and My Tract Theism In the Cruel ble free OTTO WETTSEIN LaGrange Cook Co UPTODATE PAMPHLET ON MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE r JOSEPHINE K HENRY OF- VERSAILLES s KENTUCKY All orders promptly filled t Price copy 25c 5 copies for 10- 0Reduced Rates via on the first and third- TUESDAYS of each month to musty points Southj t For particulars call on or write H C King C P T A LEXINGTON KENTUCKY FOR THE PRESS ICHICAG CAVE DWELLERS 1 for Preachers 320 Pages Cloth POST PAID SIOD I I H A Story of the Underworld and the Overworld By Parker H Sercombe Editor ToAforrow Magazine Chicago Only a limited edition ofithis remarkable book will printed Each copy will signed by Sercombe betself and automaticallynum bered 1 up orders in will get the low exceptNoSercombe Aaare- uTOMORROW MAGAZINE mu on U2230 Calumet Ave Chicago III to CENTS THE COPY r A YEAR t t t fi- f l REVOLTtURCED Indiana Senator Urges That Christendom Rise Against the Clemenceau Regime In France and Declare It a Common Enemy STRIKES AT NEED Acordlng to published acounts Sen ntor Beveridge of Indiana has g utterance to a remarkably strange and antiAmerican doctrine as follows With the purely governmental andcontroversyIts citizens or subjects we Americans as a nation must have nothing to In such questions we Americans Individuals may have our personal opinion but not an official opin lon But when any government on e grouds Its policy In an attack on ligion Itself then It Is time for all men who believe In the Gospel of Jesus Christ to speak out In pros For such an attack is the beginning a movement against all religion Its end Is to dethrone the Savio- the world as the soverlgn of tho itual and moral empire of mankind Becomes a World Qestlon When a powerful public man any land uses such language as All of us togetherfirst by our fathers now by ourselves have b attached to the work of ir religion We have snatched the h lIfman conscience from belief future life Do you think work Is at an end No it is but ginning wiien a consplrltous political leader declares that It is time to get rid of the Christian Idea We have hunted Jesus Christ out of the army the navy the schools the hos pitals Insane and orphan asylums and law courts and now we must hunt him out of the state altogether when such words are not the expression of individual atheism but thethe formal announcement of an anti glous political and social moveme fituelthen all believers In God in Christ and In Immortality must promptly take their stand for their faith ndafor the maintenance of Christianity means to the upllftmcnt of the iand the salvation of the race When the issue Is thus brow clearly drawn It ceases to a a Cath olio question and becomes a quest of tile preservation of religion Its It affects all Christian churches e- qlythe ual t Methodist as much as 7Catnollc the Presbyterian as much y the Baptist the Episcopalian as to uchthe as either It affects In a word the ongoing of the conquering march of the ideals of our Lord Atheism or Christianity- At its root the question Is thisgoes Shall the civilized world be atheist or Christian Upon that Issue do not hesitate to take my stand The vis of Daniel of the stono cut by unseen from the mountainside rolling on till It fills the earth with Its gt oryCmust come true will come true ThoHeMasters reign must spread and will until all mankind acknowledges Its blessed sway Whoever battles In tc thCatholicing in a sacred cause I wonder If men calyBdethronedthe republic would last If all theAchurches were turned Into factoriesII and all the preachers and priests ministers of the same gospel ceased forever their holy vocaflon How long jrMoralsretigiisn j morals What this country needs what the world ne ds Is not less but more religion not less but momsa abRulercountable cothoughtsthat evthatsathehere haHeFreedom of faith tolerance of opln Ion inviolable right to believe what we will and serve God as our science commands us absolute liberty was all exthingthismean Men have rebelled against the Intolerance of dogma men should no Wthavechurch both Protestant and Catho lie men should no less resist the 1co reputre glon asks nothing more than fair play and an equal chance Who would deny it that Indeed It does not as that much it is prepared to suffer that and be persecuted for the followers copy of the Crucified One have assurance more than earthly knowledge that In the end the dem to which all earthly power will bow The nation and the church separate and independent seek snould be supreme In Its do Emain GOOD POINT FOR RELIGION Coul Dealer Makes Good After Cheat itemlag but Honesty Never Wants an Orthodox Bolster UNUSUAL DOINGS ON WESTERN COAST timeeAngeles Dally We res comment for the editorial columns arthMany people of the southwest werereceedlngly surprised yesterday when a boy drove up to their homes and c estlICred ten pounds of coalIn se poundsofmdV J Jacques Is a member of prorSevpat Thirtysecond and Hoover streets inand atMaln and Adams street hislit Jacques Is a conscientious goodIremcenyears was among Christianu betanheconscientious man he a peep In atbe city before he Identified himself with Dr Bressees church Incidentally Mr Jacques supp ibis the majority of his brother members with fuel Never has Tones or Bro Smith or Bra Br questioned the weight of coal deli ed In gunny sacks by Bro Jacq u The would have felt mean even thought of weighing such a sit rkto tellDuring the recent cold spell when was scarce and prices of cpa went kiting Brother Jacques stuck to his old price or only to put It tip j tiny bit to his old customers on Conscience rldIa man er lrflHlllues is remarked his pleased cusI 10ll1ersIIn charge of the Adams and Mate elftreets branch Is Brother Shea at a prayer meeting In ofthevis arose fC1t congregation and confessed their to a chorus of amens and hal those who confessed was a clerk in the branch since of Bro J feed and fuel store at Adams and streets Curioiislv his catalogue of sins not create much impression they were lotdssoon sins of his employer and the amtT thick and fasttconfessed that Brother Jacquesc gave short weight There was a gaspr He confessed that In every sack oal supposed to weigh 100 pour ere was In truth only 90 peon viAfterns held an Informal meeting to cuss the situation It was hoped irposesa committee of one was appointed break the news to Bro Jacijuu auele ask him to make good That Is why so many housewives were surprised yesterday to receive a of free coalten pounds for ck of shortweight coal she had or tlRebedand asked about the transaction id he had heard nothing afar out it but only something said ha1fnJ Jest about the short weight In al sacks of Brother JacquesInI think everybody was glad to get en ninety pounds of coal at a time id Mr Bresee with a twinkle in s lithavoheard made abo ffBroMr Jacques did not deny the sto yesterday and acknowledged that returning to his customers ti Ir oftitled bInmore coal dealers like Brother Jacqueshsome cases ce theal would bankrupt them The late Shah of Persia had bed of number overlaid with costly jewels as whkhis main delight was n cheap print the of u grotesque picture used in ad vcrtising a certain brsniof EaglLiU sa- a E9a r CEMS r FROM BEST AUTHO Specially Selected Quotations of eral Thought From Some of the Greatest Literary Lights In Modern Times COMPILATION OF STRONG AND ABLE ARGUME By W COOPER All that we know of him and of his original teachings is en from the chief documents of the Sew Testament the four gospels and the Paulino epistles As to the four canonical gospels we now ftLosforgedrveof first three cen hundredandassembledex at 327 The tire list of gospels numbered forty foureand mutually abu 1she bishops could not agree about bpra put syeoat or neath the alter and prayed that a books of human manyInspired books might be miraculously Lordargesays ocettrr JfattlmgeaGas an ter them not by them at the beginning crythefourth gospel leaped on the the table and were thenceforth recog nlzed as the inspired foundations of IIaecrch kels UnhorseBro ownShould the conception of religion eternala fed ul their logical cads to the theories of science Does the rabid fanaticism of priests which Invented the eter Wily of hellfire surpass scientific re Wioatever may be said of the end of tho world it is all as vague as the legendI the beginning which the infantile mind of nations Invented The earth and the universe are eternal sinceI eternity is an essential property of mat r But matter Is not unchangeable fortheu nil lumlnated by scientific research holds to bo finite mid 06lrulll1orpnr- melster IcrIt is enough for us ourselves to Know that though there is a Supreme Cower there Is no Supreme De fig There is an invisible principle but asdalold as ab aurdlty to impute the form the son timents the passions of man All rev tlation Is necessarily a mere fiction hat which men call chance Is only effect of an unknown cause Even chances there Is a law There Is such thing as Providence for na ttore proceeds under Irresistible laws universeds Is a hc tal force which pervades the world what Illiterate call God The dlsmodlncaflons throughout whIch all matmings are running take place In an irresistible way and hence It may be to id that tho progress of the world under destiny like a seed It can olve only In a predetermined mode Prof Draper In Conflict of Science with Religion rryprof Fiske alluding to doubtful mis representation of the bible says If various books of the Dlblo had en able to withstand every test of up at w thefulm come out n every state wouldhe at very but point of fact outcome of Bible criticism has been very different to alhd controversy superabun proved that the Bible not only mutod dos and with modern mar t but that various incproseefit divergence in matters doctrine while minor errors of his or phi olo lcal Interpretation the In it throughout In view of such a conclusion there uld seem to be no need for any of special divine action in composition of the Bible On the contrary tho belief In the peculiar Inspiration of this collection has books should probably be regard ed car one of the insumberances with and ich Christianity has been loaded by the old heathen way of looking at tin things From Essays by Prof J Flske Ugioa handed down from mother aiT children as the property of the Ito with the burdens Very few In the world would have a God care had not been taken to give Ilf one Eacht one receives from InstructorsRSGod the ceived from theirs only according to his own temperament each one ar ranges modifies and points Him agreeably to Ills tasteFrom Super stition in All Ages by Jean test ier C Priest WHY1st tukcARE WORLD MOVERS Known As Freethnkers Gods Ways Are Not Our Ways and Man Can Not Conform To Bible Ways and Ideas PUT STICKS OF RIDICULE InBETWEEN THE SPOKES BY H T AHRENS Your hair are counted on your heads and not a sparrow falletii to the earth with out God Almighty will It This means that God watches and onwills every detail of our life For this reason we should not grounds be In lhecase what we generally call mist or Intune should overtake us If you and oUr family should take sick and even though a member of your family should die du not find fault nor corn plain surely the God who has counted sparrows on the roofs and the hall on Sour head has willed this and there fore we must bear the burden with fortitude as God has sent it If Is fortune of a material nature should overtake us we must take It with grace for God the Father and provide of and for us alls the author therefor we should not complain of what wo are apt to call burdens R member alwaysGod destined that some men should be rich and others should bo poor that some should rule while others should obey that some shall be strong while otit are destined to be weak etc This is a part of a sermon which heard preached by the Rev Blttn en presiding elder of the Evangelical church of the Washington and Oregon district foregoing Is a complete answer the question why are world movers Freethinkers and for a Freethinker they are thought breeding sentences msT1C progress of the nations has passed this black coated man of God without awakening him from his orbman cnl slumber Ho passed by she won ders of the scientists and the achieve meats of the artisans and lIe dlfl not see them because his eyes were turned skyward The words of this holy man teach a nonresistance and resignation which can safely be called fatalism What stage of civilization would we occupy at the present day if we would believe In a supreme being who Jug Bits with the worlds of the universe Ins a Japanese juggler would with a halt dozen wooden balls and at the same time count hairs and sparrows We allegorically mention a car of pro gross If this Reverends teachings were bettered by all people we would not have to worry about the car of prog ress moving so slow there wouldnt be any to worry about and we would be sunk In the slough of Ignorance up our serifs Up to our necks and shouting God wills It glory halo leluja After hearing this mans sermon bow calmly and positively can the Atheist say Surely there Is no tho God For If there was a God and that God was a gentle man ho would take this big gun of the evangelical church and give him a good shaking and he wouldnt walt until churcl- as out either This man of God and iiis followers who carry cement and It nearly set where the people whom they down upon carry a good supply of it brainsthese men surely dont know a anything about natural laws Iventlons Gcd nor economics or else they would know that they are slandering their Gcd besides which the treason of Ju Iscariot pales Into a thin vapor If it wasnt for the efforts of the Freethinkers to keep the clergy and their followers In check to what slam ders would God have to submit In preaching this hair and sparrow counting office of God they make him author and Instigator of all the crimes of the past and the present which wore committed against hu manity by ignorance and tyranny This hair and sparrow counting lief has acted as a brake and hindrance on tho progress of humanity it been the mlrchole In which the of progress has often been stuck at times almost submerged Whl1 Freethinker had his shoulder wheel the clergy and their follow- Ing stood aside putting the sticks of ridicule between the spokes and pelt those with the rocks of ostracism r who were trying to put It on a smooth road At the same time proclaim ng that the reformer Is meddling with the works of God and then calling the vengeance of their God upon the man who would change an antiquated and- re worn rut ito a passable road After tlie car of progress has reach ed the goal and after the common run of humanity has forgotten the app osi tlon of the clergythey will step forth and proclaim to the world Wo done this we are the power which keeps humanity from sinking Into barbarism what would the world be without Christian Influences The God who counts hair and sparrows wills It cried the clergy when countless thousands of human beings were sacrificed In the attempt to wrench the holy land from the domliil lion of the infidel Turk Cod cstab halted the present institutions and lie who will try and change them is m elpion dung with the works of God and Is trying to frustrate his will Thus cried the church as It set abalze the fires of the inquisition thereby de stroylng the flower of humanity and at the same time confiscating the propery of the poor victims for the benefit of the church Old bones Is stalking the country Immunity goes down before his scyi like so much hay The epidemic Is on The clergy with packed grip at their side read to retreat In case rethe epidemic advances bend their knees In prayer trying by flattery to bin be their God Into averting this specter The black man of the Congo forest would under like circumstances al sothis prostrate himself before his sublimer Mumbo Jumbo telling him how pow ful he Is and how weak humanity IsIthinking flattery will do a great deal in pleading with his deity The scientist does not believe in hair and sparrow census taking God ho relies on disinfectants where tl andergy relies on prayer The clergb 1eenemy scientifically The a Slattlmand he fashioned after the ideas unors ThtKnowledge is the conqueror tl epidemic is wiped out But as soon aththe Held is cleared the clergy rehmr nshoand tells his gullible followers Thew God who counts hair and aparrov has answered our prayers praised the LordfIdeclaration of Independencep when read today Is and will continue to be cheered by over who liar a love for human libferty clergy then as crow stoodt1i aghast crying God decreed that some men should rule while others should obey besides kingship Is a divine end Institution The pens of infidels wrote and put forth tho great epoch malting document which to an Intel gent people means liberty When he student of economics points out to the clergy and thel rfollowers theC4 great hardships and the terrible deco gradation humanity is suffering on acJecount of a false economic system the latter replies We are aware that the system Is unjust and that capitalIe Ism is making slaves of the worker a hut God Is still managing this oldoa world and we have no right to med lIe with his will and works Do you erltDidnt Gcd liberate them But he abided his own time but when the = time for liberation came the Lord worked wonders We are aware system Is unjust but God has given llJust and God will deliver us from it as h delivered Israel from the servitude of Egyptians When the social reformer asks the clergy and his satalltes to Investigate he remedy the reformer has formu lated for the ills of our present sys tern ho will hear the reply The rank and file of the socialist party is made up of Freethinkers and we could never think of Joining a party of that kind The church does not profit by pasts mistakes It does not study history or else it would know that our pres i ent progress was Inaugurated by men who were barred and burned ban Ished and tortured by the very class of men whose followers today claim It as the victory of the church and Christian influences But while the Christian is on his knees praying for deliverance from the evils of the present system the Freethinker has tho printing press whirring and his typewriter is play Ing the hymn of human freedom At n not distant day a new declara of Independence will be read to suffering and enslaved humanity it will be read In outdoor meetings and ho pulpit will not even catch its echo When the church realizes the great ness of the step and the malting of a new humanity tho clergy the blind bats of the dark caves of Ignorance will tell thosewho still adiiere to a senseless theology We were the IeCactors Christian teachings and In flucnce brought it about The world Is moving knowledge is Archimedean lever which does the work and the Freethinker Is the man who handles it The 1anti spar row counting story is the brake on the car of progress but In spite of we are making headway on the of progress- r Not on account of the church but n spite of It nLINCOLN Continued front Pago One ewouM be greatest among them must the servant of all The re t 1Inbecoming the servant of all he 1Chlutsllf sacrificed himself but onl lostIe deeper sense of realizing himself t was u fatalist us soinu say it because of his strong sense of whosebewas a man intellectual discernment and his sympathy and give that man a suchyrighteousness is certain Witness umnneSB arm roicntncc + characterized him with all of his In lomnitnble resolution the tenderness patience which blended with the workings of an Intellect remorselessly was real religion and like all genuine religion had its origin in life Relglon always arises out of motives deep into our hearts It can no other way Belief or non of Itself will never make a man lIther religious or Irreligious igion Is something as intimately con with a man as the perfume of lower or the tide of life in the living In fact it Is life itself and Its fruit Is righteousness In proof of this let the life of the American stand as a sublime lesson DEBATEIN PAMPHLET r out debate on the Bible and Evo eLofton between A Snow and U Wilkerson 100 pages 64000 words Price 15 cents Arkansaw Traveler New Hope Ark yksWANTED All readers of the Blue Grass Blade who know God lea- myth and death the end of life to fit out the following blank and forward to the International Organizer W H Kerr Great Bend Kansas and get nice certificate suitable for framing of graduation in the knowledge ofran life membership In the Church of Humanity i vAPPLICATION 1 t ViiIn the Church of Humanity JW II KERR Great Bend Kans qwLifcNome Age IPostoJflce Co or St Sox Occupation State il 1Nationality Language j t 3 rIePrecious Church l frtIJef tll i k n 12Id f r i I fj