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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, June 9, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 blu1907060901 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, June 9, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. j BLUE GRASS BLADElids nrcern Jslllntlft EastSidP WE AIM TO OUT DOWN ERROR AND ESTABLISH TRUTH VOLUME XVI NUMBER 8 LEXINGTON KY JUNE 9 1907PUBLISHED WEEKLY tzso A YEAR IN ADVANCE f THE TRUTH GOMES FROM ABROAD Sanctified Hypocrites Meet With Failure in England and Big Audiences Nothing but Empty Seats By C Cohen Torrey mud Alexander nave been In EnglandIt natural that their effort as a to ashould meet with success dying press will testify The truth Is after all that Uier trip was a failure as will bo un stood by tho following from tho pen of C Cohen In tho London Free thinker Ho cats t Not very long ago the press was filled with 1ollglousI numerous accessions ihiil being mado to tho Christian ranks At that time tho TorreyAlexnnder Mis sion was In full swing and It had been preceded by the Welsh revival under Evan Roberts as that had been preceded by tho United Freo Church Mission and similar movements And since these missions that were so tt was reported securing souls by HI thousands leading to a great revival etc there have been spiritualI assurances that materlalsm i discredited and that tho higher SPiritI uallstlc philosophy has been 111I along tho lino Of course thoa i J had any conception of the fof the caso took all these faelsI LjLvfoi1 what they wero worth and quite content to let Chrstlan roman wJclots got all the atiraciion pas iibl Imaginative productions Facts reo main nets when nil is said and dons and tho tendency of the age is not f likely to be reversed by the Illtimed Jubilations of hysterical religionists It Is less than a hundred years since good book in an hour than can bo Vj tho Catholic Church admitted the ro volution of tho earth around tho sifn butschoolboys know it to bo so nearly a couple of centuries before Outsiders knew all along what these Christian captures were worth While j Messers Torrey and Alexander were preaching at the Albert Hall to sparse congregations ninny of the dally pap ers published the lie about packet audiences mil crowds turned away Tho samo Journals repeated tho taco of Torreys converts although ono or two of tho papers reported that Tor ray seemed tobo tho only ono pres ent who could see thom Ho dis cerned them with tho eye of faith Those who know how this mission business Is run know how worthless tthesc statistics of conversion are Apart from the positive lies which unruly any of theso professional mis sloners shrink from telling tho sell ulna responses to tho call for souls comes from thoso who visit mission after mission getting saved at each much as a confirmed drunkard would mako a round of tho public houses did a system of free drinks oxlst Tho monotony of the experiences recounted and tho Identical phrase ology used nro alone enough to show that wo are dealing with oxperlence1 hands at the gamo Tho net result of which Is that all these missions aro run to provide a little mental- dissipation for a variety of Chrstlans who aro too mentally flabby to seep It in other directions and far too lacking In soundness of character to develop tho outlet of a stealthy vice Apitrt from this their only function employment for a minaIs to provide her of specialists In revivalism a class of men who would certainly not bo tolerated In a tlthy orgau ized community Sooner or later tho Churches must take their courage In both hands and taco facts und tho Christian World in a leading article on tho subject takes a gloomy view of the situation- It points out that figures of Wes leyan Methodist Church showing a decrease of 200 full members 2000 Junior members and over 0000 on trial aro disquieting to nil believers the moro so because tho Wesleyan Church Is symptomatic of tho rest Tho most successful cannot keep pace with tho growth of population tho least successful show an actual decrease When Freethinkers are p Yt asked for evidence of tho success of thoL propaganda they might wet point to these figures and these mentations Every person who drops out of tho ranks of tho believers docs not chronicle his defection very few do and rte have no penitent form and offer no encouragement to personal testimony But tho result Is there and Is shown In the figures and In tho laments Wo fight withI time and evolution on our side andI can afford to look with confidence to tho result When It comesfto deal with tho causes of tho Church slump the Christian perception of their real nature but obviously lacks tho courage to press Its suspicions too closely It thinks that tho rush from village to town and oven the migrations within the city from centre f suberb may bo responsible for much of tho leakage So too It may Immediately but notI ultimately If religious belief was nowadays a matter of genuine con viction and church membership more than a social convention these would not bo at the mercy ot 1mi gration from village to town or from city to suburb Jt Is really because religious belle is nowadays little more than a soc convention often sup fUrtd Ilan ytnorrenary motives that when at Eiah finds himself re leased from t social leash fuller play is given ttft his real feelings and opinions It moans that people can only bo kept up to tho religious standard so long as coercion of some sort Is applied Abolish this give each person perfect freedom of tion and churches and chapels would soon become howling wilder nesses of empty benches So too with tho cause found In tho unpopularity of preachers or of sermons Of course the man and tLe message will always have its fluence Still no one can study the modern pulpit without realising that what tho people want Is to bo entertained and what tho most popular preachers do Is to try and entertain them Tho entertainment being given people will go to church other things equal aslthoy go to a music hall or a theatre and frequently stay sway for tho same reason The things named by tho Christian World aro not causes but symptoms The real causes lie much deeper than anything touched on byv the writer of tho article and these are that the churches no longer possess any social Even ordlnor Intellectual vitality ary people are beginning to realise that on no single subject of Impor tance hqs any of tho churches an Independent message to deliver that Is worth hearing For all their science their philosophy or their sociology they have to turn elsewhere All thoy got within churches Is very faint echo of tho best that can bo got outside They are so accus owed to this that they have ceased to regard It ns jn any way remarkn able that they have to go to fijtsldors for tho truest knowledge on the matter Still accustomed as people aro to this and assenting to It as they do tho absurdity otmaintaining an army of men with nothing Important to teach and nothing of any value to do gradually forces Itself upon thom People are no longer easily Imposed upon by the supposed learning or power of the clergy Outside Influen ces teach them how much this Is worth and thoicown experience en dorses it If people read they would find that more can be got from a gathered from sermons In a month If they think they realise what a game of inakobelleyo tho whole thing la while a growing number agree with Ruskinthat In general any mans becom ing a clergyman In theso days implies tliat at best his sentiment has overpowered his Intel lect and that whatever tho fee bleness of the latter the victory a of his Impertinent piety has been probably owing to Its alliance with his conceit and its promise being regarded as an oracle without tho trouble of becoming wise or tho grief of being so The Christian World writer thinks position demands a search for remedies rather than causes But to got true remedies one must have a knowledge of causes otherwise lit tie that can be done will bo of avail And In this case the only remedies that would bo of use aro Impossible If the united action of tho churches can possibly convert tho globe Into a plane and set tho sun traveling round It Instead of It traveling round the sun If gravitation can be abol ished und mystical affinities rohl troduced If causation can bo replac ed byy miracle and natural forces by spirits If evolution can be ic placed by special creation and brag disease by domonlacle possession If education can bo abolished awl heaven and earth ropcoplod h the army of supernatural beings and powers destroyed during tho develop ment of modem science then the churches havo a remedy and one they would not hesitate to use If they could But if these things cannot be done then the caso Is truly homeless For really nothing less than a olution of this kind can ever give back to rcllgglon Its lost power All religion Is built upon tho belief that the world Is ruled by arbitrary super natural Intelligence and has no sea validity apart from that conception The clergyman is fundamentally tho miracleworker tho intermediary tween man and suppoued super natural for a cash consideration This function Is seen plainly enough In the savage medlclneman it is al most equally evident with the Catho- lIc priest and It can be seen In the ordination of tho Protestant cergy man and In tho call of tho dissent- Ing preacher All the power and fluence of tlw clergy depends upon this belief no matter how modified or dlsggulscd It may bo But really educated people no longer li llevo in tho Intercessory power of iS clergy Nor can they look up to the clergy on account of their superior learning This might have been done while ed ucation was the privilege of a few and the abllltiy to read and write suggested something of an occult quality But reading and writing is now universal The clergy are no longer looked up to they are rather looked down upon No one of any standing values their opinion as clergymen while as a class they aro mentally Inferior to any other body of educated men In the community They have had their day and can only maintain themselves yb pander Ing to passion and prejudice and act- Ing as tho protectors of Interest that but for them might havo long since disappeared Tho problem for tho Christian World to solve If It would save Christianity Is then simpleiu statement It Is to find out how to turn back whole tide of civilisation and to re create the mental and social con dition of the Dark Ages Only this and nothing more CHILD LABOR IN NATION Approved by a New York Banker Who Keeps An Eye Upon His Interest And Dividend Payments REFUSES DONATIONS AND GIVES HIS REASONS By Stella Hurdle None need expect that tho lion and tho lamb could agree upon questions- of personal policy that would bo ceptable to both lions ways are not tho lambs ways Then ono need not bo surprised that a Now York marker failed to agree with thoso who are seeking to stamp out child labor In the United States I have been deeply Impressed with tho perusal of two letters which all feared In Now York Commercial n few days ago Associated with Felix Adlor and other humanitarians In tho work of protecting childhood of tho nation to save them and spare thom from becoming dwarfed both mental and physically by close finement at a tender ago In the mills and factories Is Mrs Lillian D Wald of New York It will bo seen from tho correspondence that she had ad dressed a letter to a Now York bank t I er asking that he contribute to the cause of emancipation of little children He replied but Instead of agreeing whh tho lady he took a firm stand In mayor of working of the children and presume it can only on the ground that it insures pay ment of Interests antI dividends am content to let tho Blades readers Judgo for themselves if you can find room for letters which are as follows Mrs Bowens Letter Dear Mr Bowcn Do you know that thousands of our little undeveloped children are working for wages in sweatshops glass factories textile mills rind coal mines Will you bo one of tho 1000 persons In the United States giving 25 each to help eman cipate them The national child labor committee has undertaken an immense task The Indorsement of President Roosevelt exPresident Cleveland and hundreds of our foremost citizens proves worthiness ot our cause We are lead Ing an antichild labor movement that Is growing so rapidly we cannot keep up with It unless we lave moro funds State after state Is appealing to us for direction and aid In local cam paigns and wo cannot respond If tho American citizens believing in protection to the helpless do not aid us most of good Iready done will be lost- Twentynitro dollars invested un der our direction will Jo moro than 5000 spent In unorganized effort We are prepared to strike blows which will bo felt for generations to come Will you give us your help to the extent of S25 payable anytime you desiro within the next six months The reply to that letter Mr Bowen replied In part as follows You say do you that thousands of our little undeveloped children areI working for wages In sweatshops glass ractores textile mills and t oal mines Will you bo ono of one thousand persons in the United States giving 325 each to help emancipate them national child labor com mItt rf has undertaken an immense task 1Ware leading aiT onfcwnTId labor liovement that is growing so rapldif that we cannot keep up with it unless wo have moro funds Two million boys and girls under 16 in this country are working while other children play and go to school Now I will venture to predict that more useful men and men who will do timings in interest of the huan race will grow form these 2000000 workers than will from 4000000 of the same ago who do nothing but play and go to school Judgo from my own ox perience and observation and from the testimony of many successful men know that spent much of my time between the ages of 10 and 16 working In a bank a stone quarry warehouse and at various times other things sometimes for wages and sometimes for wages and sometimes without and not only think it was no in Jury to mo on tho whole but a great benefit toward developing my mental antI physical powers have seen and talked with many successful men and so far as I know they have generally IcariKd habits of Industry long be fore the ago of 16 Look over the hlstorv of the cessful men of NewYork tho men who are doing things worth while for themselves mil others See If they havo not worked and worked lard for long hours before they were teen years of age There seems to bo a fooling work cd up amongst n large portion of tho people of this country that everything should be regulated by the leglsla tures In my opinion there are far too many JaWsinow and most of thom made by impractical men but few of them enforced and It is a good thing that they are not for It would take an army of people to enforce them and the result would bo detrimental My observation and experience would lead mo to believe that most peoplo aro reasonably honest und have good intentions hut there is moro misery and poverty and vice in the world becauso boys antI girls are not taught habits of Industry and use fulness at an early ago than all other causes combined While there aro exceptions to tho rule I believe that employers generally are Interested In the welfare of their employes and do moro for their real Interest than most of their critics would do if they were in tho employ ors position- If it were practical to pass laws to compel every child In tho country eight or ten years of age to work and Continued on Page 4 4 f HOW THE DOOM OF DOGMA CAME The Intellectual Food Offered by Theology Only Cre ated Doubt and Led to a Complete Rejection of Faith By Henry Frank In a series of articles written by Henry Frank and published In To morrow tho author portrays his transition from blind faith to right rca son and In showing the point at which the final change came says Tho struggle with my conscience was becoming Intense was being forced to ask myself whether was paying with my own soul and If the time must not Inevitably come when would throw the dlco and cross and more heard the doctrines which I had caused myself to believe as the truth scoffed at and slyly mock ed among the verry men who In pub lie so gramllliquently stood as their sponsors and proud defenders At last after ardently studying Browne on tho atonement which purported to be a reasonable and Incontrovert blo defense of the traditional doctrine dressed however in modern hablla ments I made bold to write out my own Interpretation which was conflict with his and yet which I lieved was a logical confutation lie cause founded on tho very premises which he himself set forth It was a beautiful autumn day in of us were drift MlnnesotThree Tilmsesotjva ol far nlenco lakes Ono was a young man who has since benn recognized as ono of tho most successful pulpit orators and platform lecturers in the Methodist Church and who in those days was one of my particular chums The other possessed of a more practical mind has since been given tho opportunity to develop his com mercial instinct under the guise of a minister by being made ono of the agents of the Methodist Book Con corn a very responsible position In this great church When the poise of our spirits had come to reflect the sweet calmness of tho deep blue sky above and the placid greygreen waters beneath and we were In such mental mood as to he recipient of Intellectual food and susceptible to discussion slyly I drew from my breastpocket the little man uscript I had written in criticism ofI tho Atonement and with permission slowly read It to them Ardently they listened with minds critically Inclined Occasionally they would look at each other and express either approval or surprise But whatever their feelings they respected mine and clearly saw that I was sinI core and earnest That indeed I had made It clear to them that tho paper was a personal document and confessed the burden of my heart no less than thoughts of my brain was soon made evident At last I finished A dead silence settled on us all I was embarrassed I wanted honest criticism I heard what might mean either disdain or laudation Finally my nearest chum with whom In college I had often engaged In mental wrestling matches and who has since developed Into most popular rhetorician in tho church ventured an opinion But Itwas not a criticism It was Indifferent per siflage Why on earth Frank do you want to wasto your time resur recting tho dead past and trying to reconstruct It In lino with living present The Atonement isnt meant In theso days to demand our reason- Ing powers but our powers of imagi nation Thero is no conception in history of man that can bo made as to excite the lachrymal glands of the crowd as the picture of Jesus on Cross Dwell on that and not on the theology of the Atonement and youll tarry audience with you every time But I said brother you dont mean to insist that religion Is all feeling and that reason and thought have no serious place in Wl No of course not But you must ennui tho art of the semblance of l + Is reasoning without actually performing It If you want to hold the crowd What the people want In these daysmis pictorial eloquence and warm act ion in delivery That captures them every time Do you mean to tell mo the church has conic to this Do our audiences consist of nothing moro than assem blages of emotional animal whom we must tickle as visitors of the Zoo tickle elephants with peanuts and- candy The practical and commercially in clined member of this social trinity blurted out In a bblunder and moro monitory fashion Frank listen to me do you or dont you want to remain in tho Methodist ministry Naturally I intend to remain Well then take the advice of a friend burn up the manuscript and never let the Elder or Bishop know that you entertained such notions If you do Its all day with you Disgust mingled with condemnation in my heart and I responded by say stultificationIprice I tJwasjIsoand more the conviction was coming Atomo that all the youthfurcacrllfcgsr social domestic commercial profes slonal I had made for the sake of becoming a minister in an orthodox church were worse than the spend thrift follies of a cad What had chiefly disappointed mo was that theiarguments I had advanced were mani festly unanswerable by these two lead Ing church lights and yet despite the truthfulness of my contention they r preferred to swallow the vloation of Intellectual candor and maintain an air of faith and retaining a respect able social llosltlonITo one who has experienced the painful suffering such disclosures ffeft there is Something pitiably naive in the critical remarks of some of glib reviewers of The Doom of Dogma who prate about the apparent dishonesty of a man continuing to preach in a church whose doctrinal standards he has been forced con sclentlously to reject It is so much easier for theso respectable casuists to discover the honesty of a mina who still remains In the church and re fuses to let the world know his doubts though they be dark as nimbus clouds than tho honesty of the man who itInslncerltscience and perverted ther perceptions l of truth- Nevertheless in the course of time the spiritual burden one must carry who struggles to rise above the noyances of conscience that he may adjust himself to the requirements of traditional respectability becomes al together too onerous to be endured Just as I was approaching the pin nacle of my youthful ambitions and my name was beginning to bo heard in the annals of the church it began to be apparent to me that not many months would transpire before the public confession would become neces sary and abandonment of tho ministry a conscientious obligation Tho last crashing experience I en countered at the disappointing period was manifest relief tho authorities of the church evince when one has been to them a thorn In tho flesh concludes to retire from the oral It was at one of the largest conferences In the Northwest In the dust of the twilight immediately preceding adjournment sino die that then to mo a depressing confession was it was tho sensation that shocked quiet hours of tho concluding tbOjIt had been well known to all Continued on Page 4 t l I i BLUE GRASS BLADEl4 T lIgl1 a ESCPO WE AIM TO OUT DOWN ERROR AND ESTABLISH TRUTHiIVOLUME XVI NUMRER 8 LEXINGTON KY JUNE 9 1907PUBLISHED WEEKLY lijo A TEAK IN ADVANCE t THE TRUTH GOMES FROM ABROAD j Sanctified Hypocrites Meet With Failure in England and Big Audiences Nothing but Empty Seats By C Cohen Torroy and Alexander nitre been In England It was natural that their effort should meet with success as n dying press will tostlCyrThe truth Is after all that the trip was a failure as will ho understood by the following from the pen of C Cohen In the London Freethinker Ho cays Not very long ago the religious press was filled with accounts of the numerous accessions that were dnlly being made to tho Christian ranks At that time tho TorroyAlexnnder Mis sion was In full swing and it had been preceded by tho Welsh revival under Evan Roberts as that had been preceded by tho United Free Church Mission and similar movements And since these missions that were so it J way reported securing souls by tlio thousands leading to a great spiritual revival etc there have been numerous assurances that nmtorlalsm Is quite discredited and that tho higher spirit uallstlc philosophy has been winning along tho line Of course those Jnil had any conception of the facts k of the case took all these statements i Hfor what they wero worth and won quite content to let Chrstlan roman f clots got all theiatifiiaciion posibV Facts re l f Imaginative productions main facts when nil Is said and done and tho tendency of the age Js not y likely to bo reversed by tho Illtime Jubilations of hysterical religionists r Vlt Is less than a hundred years since good book in an hour than can bo the Catholic Church admitted the re voliitlon of tho earth nroiund the sun hut schoolboys know It to bo so nearly a couplo of centuries before Outsiders know all along what these JChrlstlan captures wore worth While 1 Messers Torrey and Alexander wore preaching at the Albert Hall to sparse congregations many of the dally pap ers published the Ho about packed audiences and crowds turned away The same journals repeated tho tales although one or of Torreys converts that Tor two of tho papers reported roy seemed tobo only ono pres ent who could see them 110 dis cerned them with tho oyo of faith Thoso who know how this mission business Is run know how worthless ttheso statistics of conversion are Apart from tho positive lies which hardly any of these professional mis sloncrs shrink front telling tho gen p ulno responses to the call for souls comes from those who visit mission after mission getting saved at each much ns a confirmed drunkard would make n round of tho public houses did a systems of free drinks exist Tho monotony of tho experiences recounted cud Identical phraseology used are alono enough to show that we are dealing with experience lands at the gamo Tho not result of which Is that all these missions Inro run to provide a little mental for a variety of Chrstlans who nro too mentally flabby to see It in other directions and far too lacking in soundness of character to develop the outlet of a healthy vice Apart from tills their only function for a numemploymentis to provide her of specialists in revivalism a class of moo who would certainly not bo tolerated In a healthyorgan ized community Sooner or later tho Churches must tako their courage In both Hauls and taco facts and tho Christian World In n lending article on tho subject takes a gloomy view of tho situation- It points out that tho figures of Wesleyan Methodist Church showing a decrease of 200 full members 2000 junior members null over 6000 on trial aro disquieting to all believers tho moro so because tho Wesleyan Church is symptomatic of tho rest r Tho most successful cannot keep paco with tho growth of population tho least successful show an actual decrease When Freethinkers 1 l f1 2r t t f tle asked for evidence of the success of tholr propaganda they might woll point to these figures and these la mentations Every person who drops if out of the ranks of tho believers does chronicle his defectionvery few do and have no penitent form and offer no encouragement to per count testimony But tho result Is there and Is shown in the figures and in tho laments We fight with time and evolution on our side and can afford to look with confidence to tho result When It comes o deal with tho causes of tho Church slump tho Christian perception of their real nature but obviously lacks tho courage to press Its suspicions too closely It thinks that tho rush from village to town and even the migrations within the city from centre r suberb may bo responsible for much of tho leakage So too It may Immediately but not ultimately It religious belief was nowadays n matter of genuine vIction and church membership more than a social convention these Wound not bo nt the mercy of nml gratlon from village to town or from city to suburb It Is really because religious belief is nowadays littlo more than a epclaK convention often sup JrfJ frcisVui rtnorcoiinry motives rethatleased troml i social leash fuller play Is given tcft his real feelings and opinions It means that people can only be kept lip to tho religious standard no long ns coer lon of some sort Is applied Abolish this give each person perfect freedom of nc tlon and churches and chapels would soon become howling wilder nesses of empty benches So too with the cause found in tho unpopularity of preachers or of sermons Of course tho man and tLe message will always have Its in lluence Still no one eau study tho modem pulpit without realising that what tho people want Is to bo outer tallied and what tho most popular preachers do is to try and entertain them Tho entertainment beingc given people will go to church other things equal as they go to a music hall or a theatre and frequently stay away for the samo reason The things named by tho Christian World aro not causes but symptoms Tho real causes lie much deeper anything touched on byy tho writer of the article nnd theso are that the churches no longer possess nay social Eves ordlnor Intellectual vitality cry people are beginning to realise that on no single subject of Impor tance hiB any of tho churches an Independent message to deliver that Is worth hearing For nil their science their philosophy or their sociology they have to turn elsewhere All thoy got within the churches is very faint echo of tho best that can bo got outside They are so accus toned to this that thoy have ceased to regard It nsijn any way remarks able that they have to go to outsiders for tho truest knowledge on tho matter Still accustomed ns people are to this and assenting to It as they do tho absurdity of maintaining an army of men with nothing Important to teach old nothing of any value to do gradually forces itself upon them People are no longer easily Imposed upon by the supposed learning or power of tho clergy Outside Influen ces tqinu them how much this is worth and their own experience en dorses It If people read they would find that mono can be got from a gathered from sermons in n month If they think they realise what a Sane of makcbeUevo tho whole thing Is while a growing number agree with Ruskin that In general any mans becom ing a clergyman In these days Implies tluitrat best his senti ment has overpowered his Intellect dud that whatever tho t bleness of ffie clatter tho victory J t2 tiS r of his Impertinent piety has been probably owing to Its alliance with his conceit and its proms being regarded as an oracle without tho trouble of becoming wise or the grief of being so The Christian World writer thinks tho position demands a search for remedies rather than causes Hut to got true remedies one must have a knowledge of causes otherwise lit tie that can bo done will be of avail And In this case the only remedies that would be of use aro Impossible If the united action of tho churched can possibly convert tine globe into h plane antI set tho sun traveling round It Instead of it traveling round tho sun If gravitation can be nhol Ished and mystical affinities rein traduced If causation can bo revise ed byy miracle and natural force byy spirits If ovolutlon can be re placed by special creation and brain disease by domoniaclo possession education can be abolished mid of heaven and earth ropcoplcd by the army of supernatural balm and powers destroyed during tho development Is of modem science then theu churches have a remedy Cud one they would not hesitate to use If they could But if these things cannot be done then the case Is truly homeless For really nothing less than a rev olutlon of this kind can ever glvo back to rollgglon its lost power All religion is built upon the holler that the world is ruled by arbitrary supernatural Intelligence and hiss no road validity apart from that conception Tho clergyman Is fundamental tho miracleworker tho Intermediary be twcon man and the supposed super natural for a cash consideration This function is seen plainly enough In the savage medicineman It Is most equally evident with tho Catho He priest and It can be seen In the of ordination of the Protestant cergy man and In tho call of the dissent- Ing preacher All tho power and fluence of thin clergy depends upon this belief no matter how modified or dlsggulscd It may bo But really educated people no longer bollevo In tho Intercrsabry power itKf rgyt Nor can th t look ult to tho clergy on account of their superior learning This might have been dune while ed ucatlon was the privilege of a few and tho nbllltyy to read and write suggested something of an occult quality But reading and writing is now universal The clergy aro no longer looked up to they are looked down upon No one of anyt standing values their opinion as clergymen while as a class they orot mentally Inferior to any other body of educated men in tine community They have had their tiny and can only maintain themselves yb pandort Ing to passion and prejudice and acting as the protectors of Interest thatt but for thorn might have long since disappeared Tho problem for the Christian World to solve if it would save Christ tianlly is thou simpleIn statement It is to find out how to turn back thoj whole tide of civilisation and to create true mental and social con 1dltlon of true Dark Ages Only thist and nothing more- CHILD LABOR IN NATION Approved by a New York Banker Who Keeps An Eye Upon His Interestf And Dividend P1ymentst REFUSES DONATIONS AND GIVES HIS REASONS By Stella Hardie None need expect that tho lion and tho lamb could agree upon questions of personal policy that would bo ac ceptable to both The lions ways are not tho lambs ways Then one need not bo surprised that a Now York banker Palled to agree with those whot are seeping to stamp out child labor in tho United StatesJhave boost deeply Impressed tho perusal of two letters which np poared In the Now York Commercial a few days ago Associated with Felix Adler and other humanitarians In tho work of protecting childhood of nation to save them and spare them from becoming dwarfed both mental and physically y close con flnement nt a tender ago In tho mills nnd factories Is Mrs Lillian D WahlI of Now York It will be seen fromI tho correspondence that she had ad dressed a letter to a Now York hank er asking that ho contribute to the cause of tho emancipation of littlo children He replied but Instead of agreeing With tho lady he took a firm stand in favor of working of the children und I presume it can only on the ground that it Insures the pay ment of interests and dividends am content to let tine Blades readers judge for themselves If you can find room for the letters which are as follows Mrs Bowens Letter Dear Mr Bowon Do you know that thousands of our little undeveloped children are working for wages In sweatshops glass factories textile mills nod coal mines Will you be one of tho 1000 persons In the United States giving 25 each to help emancipate them The national child labor committee has undertaken an Immense task Tho Indorsement of President Roosevelt oxProsident Cleveland and hundreds our foremost citizens proves the worthiness of our cause Wo are lead- Ing an antichild labor movement that growing so rapidly we cannot keep with it unless wo have more funds State after state is appealing to us for direction and aid In local campaigns and we cannot respond If tho American citizens believing in protection to the helpless do not aid us most of the good Iready done will be lost- Twentylire dollars Invested der our direction will lo more than 5000 spout in unorganized effort Wo are prepared to strike blows which will bo felt for generations to come Will you give us your help to tho extent of S25 payable anytime you desire within the next six months The reply to that letter Mr Bowen replied In part as follows You say do you that thousands our little undeveloped children are working for wages in sweatshops glass fnctores textile mills and coal- mines Will you be ono of one thousand persons in the United States giving 25 each to help emancipate ffhc national child labor comJ mitt M has undertaken n 1 mess Wu are leading lunilJlabor movement that rallldlltlhnt we cannot keep up with we have more funds Two million boys and girls under In this country are working while other children play and go to school Now I will venture to predict that more useful mon and men who will things in the interest of the huan race grow form these 2000000 workers will from 1000000 of the same ago who do nothing but play and go to school judge from my own ex perience and observation and from testimony of many successful men know that spent much of my between the ages of and working in a bank a stone quarry warehouse and at various times other things sometimes for wages and some for wages and sometimes without and not only think it was no In to me on tho whole but a great benefit toward developing my mental and physical powers I havo seen awl talked with many successful men nnd far as know they have generally learned hahlts of industry long be fore the ago of Look over the history of the sueI cosstal men of Now York tho men who are doing things worth while for themselves mill others See if they have not worked mill worked hard or long hours before they were teen years of age There seems to bo a fooling work cd up amongst a largo portion of the people of this country that everything should be regulated by the leglsla urea In my opinion there are far too manS la vshDw and most of them made by impractical men but few of thorn enforced and it is a good thing that they are not for it would taken army of people to enforce them nnd the result would be detrimental My observation and experience would lead me to believe that most people are reasonably honest nnd have good intentions hut there is moro misery stud poverty and vlco In he world because boys and girls are not taught habits of Industry and use fulness at an early ego than all other causes combined While thoro are exceptions to rule I believe that employers generally are Interested In tho welfare of their employes slid do more for their real merest than most of their critics would do If they wero in tho employ ers position If It were practical to pass laws to compel every child In the country eight or ten years of ago to work and Continued on Pace 4 t i 1 HOW THE DOOM r OF DOGMA CAME The Intellectual Food Offared by Theology Only Cre ated Doubt and Led to a Complete Rejection of Faith By Henry Frank In a scries of articles written byI Henry Frank mid published In To morrow tho author portrays his tran sition from blind faith to right rea son and in showing the point at which the final came 11Thewas becoming intense I was being forced to ask myself whether I was paying with my own soul and if then time must not Inevitably come when t would throw the dlco and cross theC Rubicon More and more heard the doctrines which hail caused myself to believe as the truth scoffed nt and slyly mocked among tho verry men who in pubI lie so grandiliquently stood as their sponsors and proud defenders At last after ardently studying Browne on the 11toble defense ol the traditional doctrine dressed however In modern habila ments I made bold to write out my own Interpretation which was thoIconflict with his and yet which I be level was a logical confutation lIeIcause founded on tho very premises which ho himself set forth It was a beautiful autumn day In Minnesota Three of us were drift a torjt on one til MlnuesotastloUtn nleiuo lakes One was a young mon who has since bean recognized asI one of most successful pulpit orators and platform lecturers In the Methodist Church and who In those days was one of my particular chums The other possessed of a more Jrncftical mind has since been given the opportunity to develop his mercial instinct under tho guise of a minister by being made ono of the agents of the Methodist Book Con corn a very responsible position In this great church1IWhen tho poise of our spirits had como to reflect the sweet calmness of tho deep blue sky above and theIplacid greygreen waters beneath we Were in such mental mood as toI bo recipient of Intellectual food and susceptible to discussion slyly I drew from my breastpocket the little man uscript had written in criticism of the Atonement with permission slowly real It to thorn Ardently they listened with minds critically Inclined Occasionally they would look at each other and express either approval or surprise But what ever their feelings they respected mine nnd clearly saw that I was sinI coro and earnest That indeed I hnl1I made it clear to them that paper was a personal document and confess ed the burden of my heart no than the thoughts of my brain was soon mule evident At last I finished A dead silence settled on us all I was embarrassed I wanted honest criticism I hoard what might mean either disdain or laudation Finally my nearest chum with whom in college I had often engaged In mental wrestling matches and who has since developed into the most popular rhetorician in the church ventured an opinion But itwas tIn a criticism It was indifferent tier siflage Why on earth Frank do you want to waste your time resur recting tho dead past slid trying to reconstruct it In Hue with the present Tho Atonement ismitnteant In theso days to demand our reason- Ing powers but our powers of Imagi nation There is no conception in history of mini that can bo made as to excite the lachrymal glands of the roved as the picture of Jesus on tho Cross Dwell on that nnd not on the theology of the Atonement and youll tarry audience with you ever rof time But I said brother you dont wean to Insist that religion is all reeling and that reason and thought have no serious place in Itl No of course not Button must loam tho art of tho semblance t j ft reasoning without actually performing if you want to hold the crowd the people want in theso days Is pictorial eloquence and warm act Ion in delivery That captures them every time Do you mean to tell mo the church come to this Do our audiences consist of nothing more than assemblages of emotional animal whom we tickle as tho visitors of tho Zoo tho elephants with peanuts and The practical and commercially clined member of this social trinity blurted out In a bblunder and more monitory fashion Frank listen to me do you or dont you want to In the Methodist ministry Naturally I Intend to remain Well then take the advice of a friend burn up the manuscript and let the Elder or Bishop know int you entertained such notions If you do Its all day with you Disgust mingled with condemnation n my heart and I responded by say that If it meant the stultification of my conscience and the price must pay for my ministerial berth I Iwas beginning to think I would preferrto sacrifice tho latter to tho former so the years were wearing away and land more the conviction was coming tome that all the youthful cacrlUceB social domestic commercial proves slonal I had made for the sake of becoming a minister in an orthodox church were worse than the spendthrift follies of a cad What had chiefly disappointed mo was that thetarguments I had advanced were mani festly unanswerable by these two lead- Ing church lights and yet despite the truthfulness of my contention they preferred to swallow the vioation of intellectual candor and maintain an air of faiths and retaining a respect social position To one who has experienced tho suffering such disclosures deft there is something pitiably In critical remarks of some the glib reviewers of The Doom of Dogma who prate about the apparent dishonesty of a man continuing to preach In a church whose doctrinal standards he has been forced con scientiously to reject It is so much easier for theso respectable casuists- to discover the honesty of a man who still remains In the church and fuses to let the world know his doubts cloudsIman doubts and yet lingers to confound tho Insincerity of those whoso mlseduca tlon lists dulled the edge of their con percellINevertheless in the course of time the spiritual burden ono must carry who struggles to rise above tho an noyances of conscience that he may adjust himself to the requirements of traditional respectability becomes al together too onerous to bo endured Just as I was approaching the pity nacho of my youthful ambitions and my name was beginning to be heard the annals of the church it began to be apparent to mo that not many months would transpire before public confession would become thotsary and the abandonment of ministry n conscientious obligation f Etcountered at 1ticsr flesh concludes to retire from thefrarls It was at one of tho largest ences In the Northwest in the twilight immediately confertadjournment sine die that then a depressing confession was It was the sensation that quiet hours of the concluding It had boon well known to all tholContinued on Page 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE Published at Lerington Kentucky Every SunJay Founded and edited by Charles Chilton Moore up tlIhis death February 7 1906 JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher SUBSCRIPTION RATES Bv mail lostpiid J5C orr Scar In idvumo Five new subscribers sent with one remittance at 100 per year eacb Trial subscription 16 cents per month All ornlcn subscription postpaid 200 per yeear ADVERTISING RATES ALL ADVERTISEMENTS of whatsoever character ac cepted will be published at the rate of 100 per Inch per month unless by special contract when other and better rates will be quoted upon applies lion The publishers have the right to reject and and all advertisements offfirml GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued- at the expiration of the term for which the suh scrlptlon has been paid up In advance The MAKE ALL money orders drafts checks etc payable to JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky as thin will facilitate collection SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER cha ell his or her nddreu Advise this office giving both old and new auu the Blade will be sent to the new address aa desired Mui FREETHOUGHT BUDDHISMAND CHRISTIANITY Buddhist missionaries are making hundreds of thousands of converts in the United States The great majority of the converts are educated men who believe that the religion of Buddha fit bette- with modern scienctiflc views than does Chris tianityProf Frederick Starr of the Universit ofChicagoOn an authority we have it that while Christians are sending hireling missionaries to China and Japan in the hope of effecting a con version to Chrstianity of the followers of the re ligion of Buddha the latter are sending mission aries to this country to proselyte among the Chris tian adherents and it seems they are meeting with a most remarkable success There may be some truth in the oftrepeated as sertion that any faith can find a ready followin somewhere but as between the religions that are thus brought into direct conflict the suggestion does not hold good nor does it allow a fair con parison Christian periodicals boast of the num ber of converts the missionaries are making in the Orient but we all know that no truly intelligent jap one who loves his country and his people ever became a convert to Christianity We also know that the bulk of the converts come from the ignor ant and uneducated and that the vast majority of them do so with sinister motives under the in fluence of some expected and immediate gain o personal reward On the other hand Professor Starr assures us that the converts made by th Buddhists in this country are for the most part educated men who accept it as being a religious system in closer harmony with scientific facts than Christianityv considers the route of travel by which Christianity reached this continent the statement of Professor Starr need excite no wonder When the foundations of this republic were laid the ce menting substance wts the declaration that allmen were equal in this life This doctrine is purely Buddhistic and therefore essentially nonChris tian Buddhism asserts the equality of man Christianity stands for caste Buddhism incul cates a feeling of universal brotherhood Christianity brought a division of the human family into several distinct classes The Christian sys tem emanating from India naturally incorporated and held to the idea of caste but this notion got a deathblow the moment the Declaration of Ameri can Independence was signed and promulgated This spirit of universal brotherhood is taking with the American people This is the spirit and essence of Buddhsm It discards the idea of a personal God It rejects inquiry into an alleged first cause as being unphilosophical and contends that phenomena is all that should be dealt with by our finite minds The finite cannot comprehend the infinite This is Buddhism it is Americanism andI it is Freethought In all this there are no inter mediaries between the creator and the creature no vicarious action Each individual is left to work out his own salvation While Freethought basel upon purely Amercan ideals insists that death is a true deliverance from all our worldly ills the Christian would force upon us the acceptance of a doctrine that leads to the belief that death is only a passage way to new miseries One need not won der that Buddhism should appeal to the educated while Christianity can only gain where ignorance the trend of modern thought that is in tellectual thought we are more and more im pressed with the fact that before the face of his tory and scientific demonstration the Christian mythology is unable to much longer stand This mental operation is apparent in all our modern literature The national intellect daily grows more ashamed of its fables especially as they relate to theological beliefs and opinions Each succeeding age will either modify or repudiate them TheI divergence comes as between the educated and the ignorant The former are ready and willing to abandon all the cherished fictions of the past to the lower strata of human society but many try to replace them with something more suitable Ac cepting what Professor Starr says to be a truth we can then understand why the Buddhist mis sionaries can succeed so well among the educated Americans and why American missionaries must to the Orient for converts This comes because intellect has outgrown faith Age can no longer give approbation or demand it The next question arises to what significance do these counter conversions point The answer is I r an unsettled dissatisfied public opinion toward them Persons born in the Buddhist faith accept Christianity and persons born into the Church o f Christ readily abandon it and accept the Buddhist philosophy All this suggests n desire for change Then we have the further suggestion that change becomes the order of the universe and affects men as it does all else This change operates upon tin minds of all and the ultimate is that all religions will be forsaken and the philosophy of independ ent materialistic Freethought will triumph overall religious forms This possibility increases just as the number of consenting intellects increase and in the end truth will have for its criterion tin universal consent of the race Religious lies and imposture no matter how powerfully they have been sustained in the past must bow to the inevit able Good auguries for the Freethought philosophy may be drawn from the mechanical and material inventions whereby man constantly proves upon the plans and designs of the fancied God and in the intellectual collisions that must en sue in the clash of opinion the melting down o f religious intolerance in the examinations am analyses that are yet to be made truth and truth alone will come forth with shining crown What ever there be that is uable to stand this trying or deal must submit to its fate No disgrace can attach to those who in America have turned to the religion of Buddha as a sub stitute for Christianity Buddhism is a more hu mane a more philosophic religion than that o g Chrisct ever knew how to be There is no harrow ing tortures on a cross no crown of thorns no cup filled with vinegar no crucifixion between thieves Under such conditions the Freethinker can take Christianrcan possibly enjoy The supreme tribunal of truth impliciyt confidence The may not cation of philosophic principles to the practice ol our daily life for many years to come but a start has been made in that direction and in the end such a result is bound to come GORKY ON THE ENTENTE CORDIALE What cares England for blood And what care can the Muscovite empire have bloodgNone whatsoever That at least is the answer that comes from the voice of history both ancient and modern Eng lands socalled greatness inns come from the thou sands slain in battle for conquest only while Rus sia has ascended the giddy heights with blood stained feet until a crimson trail is left in the pain she has trod Of what possible effect can the arguments the protestations the utterances of Maxim Gorky have upon the proposed entente cordiale Between these leard to an inference that Gorky is not orrect in his pitseis that his words will fhlhupon barran soil Neither reslinquish one iota of that which present power in the physical anti commercial world and all of Gorkys protests will be in vain We wish it might be otherwise but it will not If the rulers of both of these bloodbesotted empires clogged with religion and steeped in orthodoxy insist upon the coalition it will come in spite of all objects to the proposed alliance because the Muscovite party to the contract is drenched in blood Small argument for Downing street or St Petersburg If either were ever moved by such a sentiment that fact is not of historic rec ord Their religious pretensions have failed to lead these monopolies into the right path thei politics have gone from bad to worse and what matters it to them about the shedding of puma n blood Is not gold of greater power England placed firearms into the hands of savages to use them as allies against an AngloSaxon foe and such a nation is not likely to offer a snub to the Czar because ho is seeking to rule while his official family is seeking to steal They are both in the same business Land and men it is all the same to them On thing is sure and no mutt could do it better than Gorky and that is to show by indisputable evidence that Russia would bring disgrace upon any socalled civilized nation forming an alliance wth her and that should not be a dif ficult undertaking- In the first place Russia could be of no help to any nation in financial distress She is herself a borrowing nation and not a lending nation The consideration would have to pass to her and could not pass from her Again in case of war she would be an absolute for since the war with Japan her army has become undisciplined and disorganized and unpatriotic It is one of the political anomalies that there is even talk of an AngloRussian alliance There is one element by which the alliance maybe prevented and that is the church The Church of England would never consent to an alliance with Greek Catholocism unless something tangible in the shape of profit or gain was coming there from to the Church of England The orthodox leaders of Great Britain are a hardheaded lot They could not be guilty of an original idea For the sake of a common humanity the Blade hopes that Gorkys plea might become effective but there is obvious danger the other ways s s s THE PEOPLES CHURCH The late Robert G Ingersoll once outlined a church to which he could both subscribe and give his membership Since that time numerous at tempts have been made to establish a church that could attract the thinking masses of the country- a church that could hold and boast an intellectual allegiance Judging from a communication and circular that have reached this office the organization that has made the nearest approach to being such a church is that known as the Peoples Church at Aurora Illinois On a recent Sunday it rendered what was denominated an Emerson Program which con sisted altogether of an exposition of the principles enunciated by that great scholar While in a measure there is an attempt at conformity with a ritualistic service common to the orthodox churchs yet it is such a marked improvement upon the old forms and formulas that it is deserving of wide attention The church is presided over bj J M A Spence We are not familiar with tine name but if he is in any way responsible for that program he is certainly far removed from ortho doxy The program includes music singing both splendid attractions as the orthodox church has long since discovered and used to draw the people into its sanctuaries This is enhanced by respon sive readings and for the occasion mentioned these readings were made up of selections from the writ ings of Emerson As there is no taint of orthodoxy to be discovered in them the Blade can well afford to quote them here They were as follows What is a man born for but to be a reformer a remaker of what man has made a renouncer of lies a restorer of truth and good imitating that great Nature which embosoms us all And which sleeps no moment on an old past but every hour repairs herself yielding us every morn ing a new day and with every pulsation a new life Vhoso would be a man must be a nonconform ist He who would gather immortal palms must not be hindered by the name of goodness but must expiore if it be goodness The objection to conforming to usages that have become dead to you is that it scatters your force It loses your time and blurs the impression of your characterif maintain a dead church contribute to a dead Bible society vote with a great party under all these screens I have difficulty to detect the precise man you are But do your thing and I shall know you Do your work and you shall reenforce yourself By persisting in your path though you forfeit the little you gain the great You become pronounced You demonstrate yourself so as to put yourself out of false rela tions and you draw to you the firstborn of the worldthose rare pilgrims before whom the vul gar show as spectres and shadows merely- I ought not to allow any man because he has broad lands to feel that he is rich in my presence 1 ought to make him feel that I can do without Ills riches that I cannot be boughtneither by comfort neither by pride Emerson Following this another service was devoted to Walt Whitman and the indications point to the opening of such a church as Ingersoll described a s s JSUIOIDE AND INSANITY r That religion fanaticism will lead inevitahjy to insanity or suicide or both is now too well demon strated to need argument Our jails are filled with Christians among them and con aberraItionsome new grave what is left of one who has taken his or her own ife through religious zeal and every day the door of an asylum ward swings open to admit another religious devotee within its four walls If any argument were needed these constitute an abundance Scientific and historic facts are unnecessary Religion can be judged by its own fruit and th ejudgment will be bad enough if selfcondemnedrselfconvicted It is being proven to be more and more a curse to humanity as the days come and go Iniiumberable cases are on record and new ones are coming to light that place religion especially the Christians brand in the category of evils that arc to be condemned by all mankind Some may say that we would not condemn religion because of one pervert because of one sad case any more than we would condemn music be cause of an occasional discord There is much force in such an argument but we have yet to find one instance where religion has worked absolute good It may be true that many religious men and wo men are good But it is enough to say that they would have been just as good if they had never known the Christian religion Theyarenot good be cause they lire religious Goodness does not depend upon religion but religion steals all it can lay its hands upon front that which is good and appropriates it as its own Morality is claimed as an adjunct of Christianity when as a matter of fact it was taught and practised long ages before the Christain religion was known Honesty is claimed as being essentially Christain and yet hon esty was inculated and lived up to by men and wo men who lived and died before Christianity was born and it is being inculcated and lived up to by men and women today who are in no sense tainted with Christianity During the past week the Blade has been in re ciept of a copy of the Wauchula Telegram a week ly newspaper published at Wauchula Florida At the same time we received a newspaper clipping from another source which has the appearance of being from the Louisville Evening Post The for beIIliefTine latter is edited by one who is not over flushed with any religion Tine former contains a three column article with start headlines which inform its readers that Religious Fanaticism drove Will iams to a Suicides Grave and the proceeds to berate two Pentacostal preachers for being the caus of it From the report they were the direct cause and they ought to be prosecuted for having con tributed to the mans sad and untimely death The i t 11 rII i Clipping tells us that one James M Daniel ofl Eldorado Oklahoma has gone insane over religion and was committed toan asylum Both items have been accorded prominent places in the daily press and they should teach the people of America a fear ful lesson The very reading thereof ought to be a warning that the people should let all religion severely alone- Assuming that the editor of the Wauchula Tele grant is a Christian of a special variety it is amus ing to read what he has to say concerning Chris tians of another variety He denounces them as fanatics perhaps forgetting that they felt the same way concerning his religion It is seldom however that a coroners jury renders n verdict that a suicide came to his death because of this religion fanaticism and yet the jury that sat upon the inquest of this rendered the following We the jury impaneled to inquire into the death of Thomas F Williams of Crewsvillc have found upon a thorough investigation that said Thomas F Williams came to his death by a selfinflicted wound with a knife stabbing himself between the fourthand fifth rib on his loft side near the heart and that said wound was inflicted by his own hand causing suicide We find upon examining witnesses that the said Thomas F Williams at the time of his death was suffering from melancholia brought on by religious excitement So say we all Contenting upon the subject the editor of Tele gram says A suicides grave a heartbroken mother and an indignant community is the result of the rav ings of a bunch of religious fanatics who have been holding forth in Wauchula for about two weeks prior to last Monday when their doctrines culmin ated in the death by his own hand of T F Will iams a son of Mr and Mrs Thos Eph Williams of Crewsville How pleasant it shall he for these bretlireu to dwell together in unity and what convincing argu ments we are given against religion in all its shapes mid forms s s s s A DANIEL COME TO JUDGMENT One by one the pilgrims are coming The Blade sometimes thinks that if we leave the pious elements to their meditations things will ultimately work our way or else a little prodding now and then may do some good by helping them For a generation or two the Freethinkers have been urging the necessity of protecting our schools from the pernicious influences of religion and the Blade has made ardent advocacy of that doctrine Now help has conic irons an unexpected source In many parts of the country commencements exercise shave been held and both young and old in ail sorts and manner of schools are preparing for t the vacation period From the infant classed through the grammar grades to the High schools and collegiate institutions the past few weeks nave oflthej andawomenmax came the crown and summit of things were reached when Miss Helen Amelia Flarsheim one ii of the speakers delivered an adress upon the subif Schools1W5 attempting to offer one of our own For this reason we reproduce what is reported of that speech I and assert that we endorse it in full We might add that if more women like her could be found in the world with the courage to think and the courage to express what she does think it would be happier brighter and better for their having been in it Upon the subject assigned to her she said There is a movement on foot quite stealthy limited as yet in its activity but none the less dan gerous for all that its supporters might be divided into two classes stirred by different motives and with different ends in view Tire ore using an r unlawful means to gain a selfish end the other sim ply mistaken shortsighted The first is composed 5 of zealots of different denominations who seeing the daYIwithpeople Jiave ceased to believe Let us save the little ones But well they know that to introduce openly into the school supported by the common t purse any particular dogma would be to call forth a storm of indignation from the adherents of other faiths and so they plan to edge in with a shallow neutral lifeless sort of religion which they say offend no one Friends who actuate it are willI taken if they think to achieve their end Oven they succeed in pushing religion into the public schoolThe other class is nmde up of well meaning but misdirected folks who are the more dangerous because their motive is really sincere and they afendcities You are making a great fuss about nothing they answer to protests a moral atmosphere is essential to the schoolroom and what harm i jan there possibly be in reading a verse from the Bible and saying wlho Lords Prayer Pract jBForthe schools for the good of religion itself let us j keep the public school free from that function which belongs to the church and the home the i formal teaching of religion I a a s a JONAH AND THE WHALE Did the whale swallow Jonah l After all the centuries that have intervened since the Lord God is said to have prevented Jonah from crossing the state line and getting beyond r t J i of his jurisdiction by causing a whale to swallow on him and niter all the centuries of Christian teach ye ing anent the circumstances it is to be put up to ss nn American court to determine what element of lr truth there is in the story be When passing upon the issues in controversy on the Court might also determine judicially wheth er Jonah swallowed the whale the whale swallow le ed Jonnh or whether the Christian church members ship has ignorantly swallowed both is The facts in the case are that the Jonah and whale ns fake is to be used to enable a preacher n dear ue brother in the Lord who is known by the name of c Rev Dr Gustav A Hoffman of St Louis 111to dodge payment of a note for 5000 which hen had given as a donation to the Bible College of Jst Missouri The note is due an un paid The preach er wants it to remain unpaid in fact he refuses titto it The College hUd brought suit on the utnote before Judge Mcllhenuy of the Circuit Court IfiSofSt Louis and the prfcacher sets up as a defense agalllsthert loge is teaching that tho Jonahwhale story is a idt myths and a guilty of other tendencies toward in e fidel doctrine thehtproposes Ie tions of Elder J W Me Garvey of Lexington to try to prove that the whale did actually swallow idJonah out the Blade is unable to understand how a deposition can be taken as McGarvey was not an eyewitness to the alleged transaction and the sprcachers attorneys ought to know that heresay is not admissible in a court of law Of n course McGarvey might testify as an expert and l8byso testifying he would be allowed to express an But before he can do this he must qualify toasan expert and testily that he has had experience that line Nineveh is so far away that it is esdoubtful if the records of that municipality could here to assist in the case Depositions might be taken from the present generation of the Ninevites as to what the records did once show but as the generation of Jonah are dead and gone there are none to give testimony that they actually saw the fish vomit Jonah upon the dry laud Had some kodak fiend been on hand at the time or illcould a copy of the daily papers of that day be se they might have helped some but it may nngthatthe ubiquitious interviewer had failed to get in his graft Although science questions the epi iscodethere is yet chananc6 for this dear brother to payment of the debbt by having some devout defender of the Bible consent to be swaliowed e by a whale in order 10 prose the inerruncey of the ItSscriptures And why not himself There are 5 in of our readers will remember Dr McGarvey it tMany witness in the case In a recent inter ls view he has declared the fake fish story to be a ietruth and has suggested that if his depositions are taken at all they will so state We tint at a to just how Dr McGarvey knows the Oftunderstand to be true The Bible does not prove the Bible can do is to present the nd i and it comes without a particle ol other than the Bible itself This may be but it is not proof and not such proof as JliIauthority by a modern court If that preach want to pay the note and wishes to why dont he be frank enough to say soY cannot help him for in the end the ony a thing he can do is to profess his belief in the man iiswallowing fish and that is all he can say on the itsubject belief does not make it true It will nd only show how childliking how simple how easy tohow foolish he can d It is sud that Attorney John F Merryrnan who represents Dr Hoffman admits that he will bo ihe at a disadvantage in proving that Jonah 1somewhat swallowed bj tie sa monctr as lY eye witnesses to the event have long sil1 e 1died and heresay testimony is hard to get in ell legal record but nevertheless the church dignit nd cries will be given an opportunity to be heard on un this burning question m From tl4o published aceounfx wet learn iedc that answer to the suit he alleges that the he Bible College teaches that there was a double the first auto second chapters aYIcreation that the ftory of the Garden and the creation and the fall of man is a he Ifairy tale that the story of the flood is fiction and Ice they hold up Jonah and several of the pro iiI phets to ridiclue th Because the Bible College of Missouri employed tel Charles Mauford Sharpe as a lecture it gives Dr Hofliium a basis of an attack on the Chicago Uni illlvillsity at which Dr Sharpe is a lecturer The University Dr Hoffman alleges is well ii lImownas a hot bed of infidelism and he says has lic repudiated by the great brotherhood of the Baptist church lie alleges that the professors of ngJthat institution call in newspaper reporters when deliver a special shaft of riduele against the- ye Holy Scriptures in order that their reviling again de st the basic truths of the Christian religion may re- ceiven the widest publicity th The mere fact that the Bible College of Miss re ouri employs a lecturer from such a University l1n says Rev Huffman indicates that it has changed the the purpose for which it was incorporated namely cttoprepare men for the ministery In its ewelve 1years existence Dr Hoffman says that the Bible of has not sent out a dozen preachers and us cannot point to a dozen converts and that it hat been repudiated by this Brotherhood of Missouri the who are compelled by reason of the baneful here sies of the institution to send their children else whereWhile much might be said concerning the use less and unnecessary waisting of judicial endeavor yet tile friction here indicted is enough to show that infidelity is malting inroads upon orthodox Speculad r 4 r it tion as to the truth of the Jonah story may not count for much for at its best the court cannot de cide it to be i fact or that it is untrue All that tho court can do is to decide that it is taught r the Old Testament and the money was intended as an aid to the propagation of thut Old Testament which ineluded the Jonah fish yarn and that re fusing to teach it as a truth he should be accorileil some rights by avoiding having to pay that note Jonah was made the patron saint of amateur fishermen and these have apotheosicd him from tiiuo immemorial For our part we dont curl a durn and it seems a mighty poor oxcusu to be offered by a preacher in an effort t dodys an honest debt t THERE SHALL BE NO DEATH Whence comse death By what means can death be conquered or is if to be that the universal law that unto all who lave life death shall conic is to be sot aside re pealed rendered null and void and held forI naught Death has always been in the world and alwnys will be in it so long as there shall exist those who have life The term are corclative The one could not be known without the other We could never have known light if thehe had been no dark The Blade docs not wish to he understood asI tavoring death under an and all conditions but there are conditions under which death comes as it happy release from earthly ills and woes and as such it is to be welcome and not to be dreaded orI feared The purpose of this article s to show theI arrant folly of which some people can be guilty it the daily reports be true it is sometimes said that there is nothing like going away from home to learn the news By the way of London andI through the agency of that generally reliable publ- ICatIOn the British Medical Journal we learn that there has recently been formed in Iowa the Anti Death League Never heard of it before and have uo idea whether or not the British Journals in tonmition is correct but on the chance that the paper is correctly informed we welcome the Anti Death League to the long list of organizations that offer an opportunity to the jiuer The aims and the methods of this Iowa organization as set forth by the British publication are interesting and ought to become popular The basis of the society as near as we con find out is that getting suck anu tying are merely habits and no one will deny that they are bad habits To cure the ravages these habits the society pledges its members to abstain from them for all time and never to get sick or never to die Violation of this pledges severely punished especially violation of the lat ter part of it If a member gets sick and take to his bed he is fined a second of tense mine and a third anlulgence of the habit calls for expulsion from the organization This sounds right for obviously it would be extremely nvkv fOfslclmessdeparture in the way of organizations it will have no dead ones among its members- It is going to be a trifle difficult for some people to get the hang of this new order of things and we predict that for a while at least the progress of the findDeath Society towards popularity will beslow it will necessarily be hard to teach people this com plete order of things The sick are now lookeU upon as entitled to attention and indulgence under the regime of the organization the best the sick man will get will be the worst of it as instead oi nursing he will figuratively get cursing Most societies for the interest of the people have some sort of sick benefits this new scheme reverses this oH prnposoR to punish by inies those who get sid make them pay fur the HiviiedgeA ant the lux ury as it were A serious train of thought ma well be set in mo tion after all by the formation or merely by the suggestion of such an organization It has for its starting point the idea that the one universal want of man is to escape death There is much to sustain this idea but then it is universal Does niando all men want to live on and on into eternity The fiction writers have dealt interstingly but it hats always seemed inadequately with this theme Ono of Bulwer Lyttons novels has to do with the man who was doomjed to live forever Eugene Sue in his Wandering Jew has touched upon the idea These writers attribute to their heroesthe vic tims of everlasting lift4 great sorow and anything but the happiness that should come from the fulfillment of ones wishes and the gratification of the hearts desire The idea presents the ectacle of the world moving on and old things passingaway and new and strange ones coming to fill up the stage of life while the man doomed to eternal life stands still worse than a stranger in a strange land No Death King of Terrors though we call him is not mans greatest enemy und the or ganization formed for the purpose of setting him at defiance cannot be looked upon as having at heart mans best interest or greatest happiness Rather let those who would defy the evils that beseiit and threaten mina form an organization for defying and setting at naught tams dread of death The best way to do this is to teach man to so live that death means not evil but good that he may go through life without constant fear of death Rather let us form organizations to teach man to so employ the opportunities of life that when he is commanded to join that innumberable caravan that moves on to that mysterious realm where each shall take his chamber in the silent malls of death he go not like the quarry slave scouraged to his dungeon but sustained and sooth ed by an unfaltering trust approach the grave as lone who wraps the drapery of his couch about him lies down to pleasant dreams o3 iz i iitf PJri1 n 17 FOUNDATION AND FINAL DESTINY Of the religion of Christ as Reviewed and Judged trom History Trend of tvents Manes Prophecy Clear By Henry Goldberg In his closing chapter of an admir able work written on this subject me author says We can tell the future by looking into the past Who could In the past nave thought that the great power of the Roman pontiff wou1 be broken That he who made kings and emper ers tremble upon then thrones would be held up to derision In his own country If the human race will progress In knowledge in the next three hundred years as It has In the past then Christianity will be annihilated The hand of the Christian is surely pointing that way Science free thought and free speech will surely accomplish Its downfall All the great Hebrew thinkers and some of theI most learned Christian theooglans do repudiate the idea that the Bible is divine origin And as soon as the majority of the common people come cognizant of this truth then the Bible will fall from Its high pinnacle and this cherished book in its fall will drag the whole Christian structure a long with it because When the foundation of a building gives away the whole structuro must collapse- It Is because the present is the child of the past that prophecy Is possible If every day stood isolated and unre lated in Its events to other days we could have neither prophecy nor philo sophy of history We are able to interpret the past and forecast to come extent the future because morrow is the effect of cause which exist to day As the present was in the past so is the future germinal in the pre sent as the oak is in the acorn He who underrstands today may with some approach to a reasonable cer tainty predict the determining prin ciples of tomorrow It to any man were to be given that Insight which Is termed prophetic and by which inter preting rightly the events and prin clples of tomorrow It to any man tempt an estimate of some factors which are to share In the making of succeeding days that man could wish for on fairer point of vantage than the pedestal afforded by this corner stoneIt remarkable how the priesthood of today are trembling with fear In regard to the progress people are mak ing toward enlightenment and truth and they arc anxious to keep the peo pIe In Ignorance and to nurse the sup erstitions of old They no doubt have a remembernnce of the shocks which science has given to many of their cherished convictions and It Is their suspicion that It may eventually up root nil they regard as sacred These men can see n cloud coming and they might as well try to prevent the sun from giving light as to stop the flow and progress of human Intelligence and reason The doctrine of Evolu tion the belief In Pantheism Is be coming too potential application of historical criticism In the socalled Holy Scriptures has excited Influences which If not stopped will do serious damAge to the old s prsMoi beliefs The priests having nn understanding of times can see the peril and therefore endeavor to guard against their own downfall In order to pre vent such a catastrophe the Episcopal bishops assembled In council In the city of New York October 18 1894 Issued socalled pastoral letter It was their fond hope that this lettei vould have a great Influence not only vlihln the particular ecclesiastical jody to which It was addressed but a the larger community embracing ether similar societies professing faith In Christ as the divine Savior They thought that it would have an Influ nee of the conviction and belief ot a multitude of persons In respect to that jrimary article of Christian faith tht incarnation and other essential doc trines of Christianity Including the aspiration of the socalled Holy Scripts They saw that the Christian creed Is attacked on all sides with rentless vigor that Is with the weap ns of common souse and reason and unbelief and skepticism have invaded c domain of what was once unlteo Christendom to on alarming extent hum those who occupy positions ao ministers or theological professors in avowedly Christian churches and uni versities have been the leaders In this warfare that Is the warfare of common sense versus superstition and Igotry And honestly believe than the former will eventually triumph over the latter In this pastoral letter wrlten only twelve years ago they say We have availed ourselves of the opportunity to meet in council to con sider our duty In velw of certain nov ties of opinion mid expression which have seemed to us to be subversive of the fundamental verities of Christs religion tho motive therefore of Issue of this patorlal letter Is to op eI pose and If possible to check commonsense and reason Miiby turtucr say that wo must be iuvu in me ulvinity ot Jesus cnribt must believe that ho was UK u ot uod and Is tau second persona the adorable Trinity tho nssump uu ot a true and proper numumty virginal uirui iiie unity ot person and uiBtiiiciluu ot uiuuixs m our Lord Jesus Christ his atoning death uothiy resurrection wnu j eae oion to ntuvui sovereignty IK natural letter also aftirms In general that the iiiblo is the word and Inspired It says that tnc iu rauon of the Holy acnpiurcs is u fOatulate of faith not a corullor Ubioui It tuuiiot lawiully be ques loned by any Christian man anu fist of all by men who have sealeu neir convictions of the certainlty ot the faith with the solemn vows ot ordination The pastoral letter In urucis the clergy and laity to whom is addressed respecting two doc trinestho incarnation of the Insplra ion of scripture which It sets before vent as Christian verities to be re Delved without questionflThese bishops intimate that their matter Is an Inspired utterance mud is aeroforo authoritative We your bishops under the guts of the Holy Uhost are speaking got as truth seekers but as truth re apope himself could not speak ith greater dogmatism than this The doctrine that the Church Is the inspired authority In Interpreting tIll riptures and that the utterance Its officers are to be received without question appears as plainly as In the assertions of this document Inferentl to ally Not only are doctrines of the person of Christ and the inspiration of of the scriptures set forth but the body of moral teaching held by the Church Is made dependent of them of and the doctrine of Inspiration and dogmatic authority of the Church moved by the Holy Ghost speaking through Its appointed leaders Is clearly Indicated This nsplred letter was received by the general public with derision Faith and reason join hands and point toward the future The man vho accepts progressive ideas wii mends his behavior in occorUauuv with higher ethical standards aim asts away whatever obscures aiu weakens the will Is the most com mitt and the best representative o religion To assent to creeds that art jot believed will not change the heart ve must find our means of grace ana tips to glory where we are Qccup ae days and homwith what Is altable for aiding humanity at large ncl let our spirits lie open to the best nfluences The religion of the fut are will be more simple than In UK past It will take up the greater pings and drop out the llttlelsms jver which men have controverslet ow It will give place to humanities and to teachings of science It will je the miraculous In the common an vine In the human It will be abov he plane of controversy It will al make truth the law of life an seek to lead In the better way frog ason and glad choice The Jews are still looking for the coming of the Messiah and the Chris uus expect that Jesus will com gain and the prophet says it steal to pass in the last day Wh ioes this phrase signify Does pipfln the last days of world it will be the last day of the a jan race and what need will that je of a Messiah My interpretation that It means the last day of strife bloodshed the last day of hatrei and prejudice the last day of super Itlou and bigotry And he who will bring all this to pass will be the Messiah THE SPIRITUAL PAUL PRY Commenting upon a proposition to Install tin Confessional in Protestant Churches as a means of acquiring a greater personal control over the mind and conduct of men and women Secular Thought says Familiarity may sometimes breed contempt but It is evident that It does not always do so The familiarity of Protestant preachers with the practices of tho Romish Church has evidently led some of them to see how useful these practices might be made among the Protestant sects if they be adopted there to consolidate the power of the Protestant preachers Many Anglican ministers have adopt ed the confessional as n regular part of iielr Church Practice and no doubt find It gives them much more power over their flocks than they once had It Is now tho turn of the Presbyter ians to adopt same practice If wo may judge from the opinion expressed by the Rev John MacKay of Cresent Street Presbyterian Church Montreal when Inducting Rev Clark to the pastorate of a Westmount church He said I am rather surprised that an In stitution which exists at present In the Roman Catholic Church has never been introduced into the principles of our church It la tho only truo med 811 ium by which a pastor can bo to his congregation what he ought to booI refer to tho confessional i In other words Mr MacKays Idea of what a pastor should bo to his congregation is that he should bo a Paul Pry a spiritual as well as temporal dictator a universal referee a do bauoher of youth of both sexes and incidentally the father of a good many of his people Mr MacKay should bo trounced by all decent people BUDDHA ANDHIS TEACHINGS One Code of Morals by Which Men and Women Alike Were Judged Facts For Comparison By C Severance Our friend W M Myer M D is an admirer of Buddha and takes exceptions to my statement that every religion on the globe is the enemy of thought I do not admire that character and his method of living though some of his moral Ideas when In touch of reason are good and acceptable but the remark about igion I reaffirm with force and vigor Now let us take a look at Buddha and see how he began his career as teacher Dissatisfied with lireas we all are at timeshe cut out his trial marriage left his wife and child and went Into the forest to live There with five followers converted to his way of thinking an austere life was entered and everything possible to kill our natural desire was resorted for selfdenial and chastity chastity always means the killing ones love nature for the opposite sex the sweetest thing In life was regarded as a care for the ills life While he and his associates had a code of ten prohibitions they did not establish a religion nor pre tend to that same later They had for a code of morals morals are rules to govern human action In this life not to kill or even injure anything that lived not to steal or commit adultery not to use strong drink or take food at improper times not to look at dances and plays nor be vio let and rash in speech not to have costly raiment perfume or ornaments not to have a large bed or quilt and not to receive gold or silver In addition they were required to use clothes made of rags picked up In rburying or crematory grounds or onIthe roads and to have any three coats all made by thpwesreranwn hands They were to live exclusively an food given in charity and without asking never to eat or drink after midday to live In the forest or jungles nnd to have no roof but the foliage on the trees And this was the origin of Buddhalsm which later on evoluted Into a religion that had gods to worship and which once pro pitiated their favor by the sacrifice of living beings Centuries after Buddha teed legends gave his entrance into this world exactl as our Jesus came He was born of a virgin without an earthly father and at five years of age went Into a trance and revealed more wisdom than our Christian God possesses He was worshipped as a sod and is today In Tibet and other sections of the northern school and when Christian missionaries first went there they found a system of rellclor so much like here own Koman Catholic the thuagLt must be an Imitation Iy the devil These Buddhists have shaven priests bells and rosaries Images and holy water popes abbots monks the con fessional purgatory and a dead vir gin they worshipped And further re semblance was found in the fact there was oppression of all that the idleness iand corruption of the monks l the despotism of the government and the poverty and beggary of the peo pie Religion is the same thing where ever you find It and Buddhism Is now religion If It was not when Buddha the athlests tried to get into Nirvana by killing every natural desire That was what he started out to do that he and his followers nndfto live without working like a em hobo It seems in the fact their code compelled them to exclusively on food given In thntiNo Dr Meyer I am not an of Buddha and the world cond inms dirty Tramps clothed rags who live on charity given by those who work and produce There is a quick and easy way to get into Nirvana which Is a mental state where one hardly knows whether he is dead or alive and that Isby getting about half drunk and remaining In that stupid semiconscious condition But that is not living for life Is th011lhtIand action and when one think and act in a rational manner he had better stop eating charity food 1 descend Into the grave and be buried forever We do not necdd Buddha nor his teachings and the religion that has grown out of them is one of the gigantic evils that affict world like Christianity Reason thisIthe thing to live by and Buddha jected this when he clothed in rags and was fed by charity t hii1MSw RAPID GROWTH OF j OF BALHAi FAITH Although Coming in the Guise of a New Religion its Principles are Superior to those 4 Y of Christianity By Maude IncobsITho following article which Is ox tremely interesting first appeared In Tomorrow Magazine The oxpcrlon cos given while showing how a re ligion can start up and grow also demonstrates that the world is ready for a change a Since science has taught us to regard religions as natural evolu lions rather than as divine revela lions and has shown us that belief we are prepared to understand that t lrlIgluns are bom of human exper iences and we look to them not t nitwit as factors in the development of morals an indications of the ad vancement in intellectual and spir itual growth already attained by the people of the ago In which they nourish This Ingersoll briefly and aptly ox pressed In his familiar declaration An honest God Is the noblest work of man Since also wo know the mind can grasp no truth which the lire has not in some way already embodied or In other words that there can be no recognition of a truth unless theI mind has been previously prepared byy the suns of the life experiences for receiving It we can understand that the spread of any faith depends not upon its divine origin and Innate power to extend Itself but upon capacity of ago or people to ab sorb it In this light It may be Interesting to look briefly Into the comparative ly new religion designated by Its fol lowers as the Bahal Truth whichI has in so short a time made thous ands of converts among people in all civilized countries of the world t This religion although making the lYslleclal usual claim to recognition as a revelation Is singularly free from other superstitions and Is does not antagonize other truths but seeks to justify and harmonize them them all and also In its near r modern science This religion mad Us origin in Persia about 1844 when there appear t ed hi that country a teacher calling himself The flab teaching the prin ciples of universal brotherhood mar ited with a philosophy of evolution Ho claimed that the great world religions do not contradict each other but supplement each other and that they all embody much the same truth expressed In different terminol ogy with different phases empha sized or eliminated according to the needs of people and the age The ministry of Tho Dab lasted ticby the martyrdom of this loader brought about by the Mohammedan clergy on a chargo of heresy Af1 ter his martyrdom the followers wore led by Balm Ullah who under the most severe persecutions was exiled with some of his followers to Akka J I a penal colony In Syria Since his death the followers have looked to his son Abbas Effendi as their spir itual loader example though he makes no claim for himself but that of Servant of GodIAbbas Effendi Is still a state prisoner in Akka but his teachings are Children whose parents are tooj poor to educate them are educated at public expense and the revenue for thlB purpose Is derived from an inheritance tax souL out to hIs little bands of followers all over the world and his lIfo according to his biographers is ii marked by rare ppurlty sweetness t gentleness and the spirit of absolute nonresistance Tho story of his life reads like a fairy tale but can k not bo entered Into hero for want of space These people are simple in their habits of life and practice a beautiful philosophy of love and brotherly kindness Their Book of Laws advises mono gamlc marriage and the believers practice It though polygamy is thin custom Persia Divorce is to bo granted ou the demand of either party after a preliminary separation of one year these people arguing that for the individual to live tho most use ful life he must be satisfied and free I from the distracting Influences of dls sention A teacher educating a child secures a claim on his future Inheritances Every one must work and If work can not be secured It is provided by tho authorities Their Idea of a Supremo being is not a personality but an essence Life exists in the creation of centers of consciousness and intelligence in this i cT- I thctf Whims shall luurii to know uiinulvus und to know their rola nun tt3 whole Inlinlto essence nlttjrse i ho instrument of this creation iin iiuitonal universu and tho prouesi m evolution spirit they doline ai the force which brings about these louibinutions of organic and inorgan ic fortes wnicli link the different pro cesses In chain of evolution Ploy do not a luturo exist tnctt but QUoto in substance onu who is tainlliar with their teach tugs on this subject Selfconscious nest being the result of assocIation of this inllnile essence with Individ ual forms does not survive the dls solution of the body while as human character develop th thoughts volitions and characters lied of each human being go to en rich tlie common fund of world ex it nonce and constitute in It tendon eios which shall again bo manifesto m othor human beings while the individual who does not learn to rec ognize himself as a part of the great scheme but lives for his wn persona gratification leas no hereafter oxcop t as his thoughts actions continue in influence and effect to modify the general course of the life of humanlt as a whole Individuals are compared to tin myriads of leaves which fall and cay oily to enrich tho soil for the production of other forms to lions of germs of every species tvUfc- luurnr como to germination und th vast number of imperfect forms sac riflced at every step of evolution order that moro perfect forums may bo selected by survival to carry on the evolutionary process Clio examination of the great world religious reveals an identity of es settee in them from the earliest The UpanIshads the Dhaguvad till teach ins of Zoroaster Buddha Mohamet Christ and Balm Ullah all declare the neness of God the brotherhood o man Mwjhe Jjiejuity ofholhiess in slightly1 different terms tiijn those employed by Emerson MtsEddy and Herbert Spencer but neverthe less moro nearly allied to the teach ings of these last mentioned than their admiring votaries would penman- willing to admit impromptu Mothinks It there came along the Interpreter who could understand perfectly the religlophilosophlcal ver binge of tho Christian Scientist the pure chaste scientific terminology ot Herbert Spencer the poetry of Whit noun and the fervent utterances o Baha Ulln ho would read in the tins guage of each and see demonstrated in tho lives of each this message that self can be entirely forgotten in an all embracing love substituted for egoism as tho motive power o human life HOW THE DOOM Continued from Page One cognoscenti that a prominent church hi out of the western states u church which was the pride of confer jjiice and one which was regarded as especial prize had requested that tile Bishop send me to them to mini thoughtfhatfhlch Is always thin hour of contri tion and tremulous anticipation the venerable Bishop would union Ilse rust read off my name as the ap pointee to this much desired church With Its hIUIIII lIt parsonage and its alluring gtlpciid Butsvhen my name was reached on the list the Elder of my district slowly rose and declared that Mr Frank had decided to locate which ijtj the parlance of the church means that I iaJ r solved to rotliM from till ministry Xnio could uiidjsund my motive jMie thought I had sal ml anibltlonri on securing coyotes prtaft mud nisw that r lal lusm awarded eisu in Mlicr thought flint luvhH j altt il u Instinct and ambition which had ihadc me yearn for lloulit ors jt Egypt and hence r fader and startling resolution thin few know the few who wirtJ sum to my and if n esty1 They know that could endure thin farce no longer That had be cone convinced no man who sincerely employed his mind and struggled to find the truth could do so with Im punity in tho Methodist Church lIad no longing for the crown of martyrdom of the heretics glory so quietly I resolved upon rotlreniont to await a botler day when perhaps a honest church and a moro enlightened t 1tf I L creed would again make it powlblo for me to preach the gospel So with one fell swoop plunged front the aloofness of the ministry to tho commonplaces of the commer clal struggle cast my fate with tho changers of the market place and the barterers of tho mart know not that over again would return to ministry but felt that It was my duty to engage In other occupations that first right myself of the theo logical seas whereon had already almost foundered It was during this long rest the business world with its splondld opportunity for elbowcontact with men as they are nod not roan an we In the abstraction of professional thought think them to be that came to lay the foundations of my theological conclusions which after another rift In the traditional strata finally evolved Into the olan rations of my Doom of Dogma Hat the result was not immediate not until Fate compelled me to under go another severs mill final ctrugglJ with my convictions m conflict with categorical standards did the light finally break and the dawn of truth lift Its brightening beams on ui be wlUered Urals LABORUContinued from first page work for wages part or all of each day according to their strength and abilities It would be much bettor than the legislation you propose but be lieve legislation either way is against public policy and the principles upon which our government was founded After reading this correspondence the onl reflection necessary Is that the banker gave It to the press for pub lication doubtless under Impres stop that he had handed out consider able wisdom THE EVOLUTION RELICIOe Clergy Its Greatest Opponents But Ancient Science Becomes Religion Only With Theology Added By J T Patch Some time ago the author deliver ed a lecture on this subject before the Los Angeles Liberal Club ex hererelJlollucellflom verty ancJent dating several centuries be ford the Christian era cleat theory of evolution was o aura development of the cart d tho oneness of th universe dual Istlc theory finally obtal ascen pevafledsthroughout the civilized world Charles Darwin has been the great leader of modern times In evolution philosophy Herbert Spencer Tyn dal Huxxley and Hacckel also have been among the great scientists whoI have taught and deended this offthe natural sciences In carrying on their researches lf which tho cients practically knew nothing to them evolution was n mere specula ttion All the natural sciences aro pllfllosofphy The development of any silence or of any now truth Is evolution The philosophy of evolution is that matter is eternal and that all forms of organisms Including man have been evolved from primordial condi louts In opposition to tho theory of instantaneous creation by a personality who devised planned and purposed Evolution Is the worldsilence as distinguished front theothor sciences The greatest opponents of evolution have been tho clergy who artstll teaching tho ancient theory of cre ation and they have misrepresented and tried to cast ignomy on the pith osophy of evolution with the belief that It Is antagonistic to religion tho same kind of opposition that was made against against tho discoveries- of Copernicus Galileo und Kepler Many hooks have been written with the view to harmonizing evolution with theology this shows a tendenc to accept the teachings of evolution with the gradual fading away of op position Tho misconception of what religion is and tho antagonisms of super stition aro the real enemies of evolu tion as well as of all progress olution Is not In conflict with any religion but with ancient science that Is taught as religion Instead of evolution being hostile to religion it explains the evolution of religion and ppositlon it receiver con firms evolution philosophy Evolution recognizes religion as a fact and fac tor In human progress and subject to the law of change doctrinal elements aro transient and evolving but religion Is a subjective principle in human nature always remains Ancient philosophy called Christian doctrine Is not necessarily religion being ancient science it Is religion only when made so by theology It can be substituted by modern science r j2i =and modern science would bo religion In the anew souse Creed and dogma art not religion but methods of ox pressing It There Is a sentiment In hhumnn nature which seeks utterance n resting place and generally finds It In the wonderful mysterious and unknown This perception carries with It emotion nave nUll reverence and this Is the case whether a rolls Ifsbelieved It serves to express the re llglous sentiment Ethical codes instead of being or iglnal revelations are the result of ages of human experience evolved from our Ideas of duty and rcspon slblllty Their development has been natural as explained by evolution The ten commandments were at least a thousand years In maturing before they were written The moral sentl mcnt of a people or nation Is a gradS ual development generally Indcpcnd of any religious teaching Ito gradually follows the moral pulse of public sentiment The scone Is true of language which was once claimed to be a revelation Tho wholi system of jurisprudence has been evolved through ages of trial and con Illct Science cannot be Intelligent understood excepting In the light of evolution Evolution expresses Its self In all reforms Reform Is Eve Itillon Evolution emphasizes mcntu flexibility and purpose to accept and assimilate new thoughts and new this covcrics and to progress RELICOIN IS ROBBERY REDUCED TO A SCIENCE Chrlslanlty Produces Only Grown Children Who Believe In an Omni potent Santa Claus Waiting to WithNBy James Armstrong From Lucifer Wo are living In a world In which nothing thrives so vigorously as ras cajlty By rascality mean every word look gesture and action which has for Its object the deception pi others for thin purpose of robbing them It is for this reason that I regard cccleslasticlsm Its robbery re duced to a science and tho votaries of Et cry rCliklonrasllq lieQrithstprL tending to believe things which they not only do not believe but which they can not believe Thin average human mind is not so foolish as it seems to bo or as wo for the most part think It is The world has had millions of philosophers be sides the few who have written books millions of thinkers who were wise enough to worship when it was dangerous to scoff and keenwitted enough to conform when it was disastrous to dissent Ask any one If he believes In the fairy tales of his childhood and he will tell you no ask him why and he will look at you In a wondering way as if he thought you regarded him as a fool But ask tho sa person of he believes Christianity n system of superstition whoso doctrines and mir aches are oven moro absurd that wildest extravaganzas of fairy lore and he will say yes and nine more emphatically than he has just said no In a world in which nothing hap pens by accident there Is a reason for this liens religious and genuine de votion do not proceed out of nothing scieutiflcallyrperson does not think so Is as chaotic Intel who believes that In lienIvens and earth Genuine piety whom over It exists Is always found In minds of low development Just as pretend piety Is always found 3n minds of high development sincere Christian is a fullgrown child who believes In tho Santa Claus called God who Is going to till his stockings with harps and crowns and life over byeya rascal who chooses to live off the sweat of others rather than sweat of his own Thin public men of every age have for the most part pretended to believe In tho prevailing superstition Cicero one of the greatest of Rowans was a high priest of paganism for such was the road to tho political prefer ment to which ho asulred Cicero however did not believe In thin super stitions whoso robes he worn and mummery he mouthed for It was ho who said that he did not understand how two priests could pass each other without smiling Long before Cicero was born Lucretius had written his poem on The Nature of Things and even before Lucretius wisest of tho Greeks had torn tho current re Hglon to shreds In spito of which however Jupiter and Venus were worshiped for thousands of years by peo ple who knew they did not exist Wherein then Is to be found the q ir 11Inthe expense of some one else accom pllshment of which Is secured by nothing so easily mid so certainly as religion All actual or would he thieves are solemn and their victims solemnly submit In the vain hope that they loo will get some of tho spoils form of thievery becoming outlawed or extinct only when a majority of mankind real- Ize thorn Is nothing In It for thom Then primitive man Is historically re vented as a solemn cannibal which ho outgrew Jo become pious plunderer and In our own times n Christian slave driver In fact everything tho human race has done was done religiously except discover truth There is no possible crime that has not been deified and worshiped as a god Even highway robbery had its God In Hercules and tho votaries ot lust thronged tho temples of Venus and Aphrodite Greece In the golden ago of Its glory had thousands of temples dedicated to prostitution mud when her soldiers went forth to mur der their millions they did so In the name of Bellona and Mars Look at such people as tho Aztecs mid their bloodthirsty divinities victims of which were as eager to die on their alters as their priests were to sacrifice them Look at the Jagannath cars of India and childeating crocodiles of their sacred rivers the burning of wives alive with the bodies of their dead husbands to say nothing of the millions of others whom Superstition actually devoured in countless ways Not however have all these things monstrously diabolical though they are happened because the masses of men did not know It was foolish Ras- cality Indeed teaches us to saynot to think that they were honestly mis taken but Intellectuality which has no cause to servo but its own teaches us to say as well as to think that the votaries of superstition are thin victims of their own duplicity The evidence is abundant and tho proof simple Take your own dally life and ex amino it a little Some one calls you a liar sincerely designating you per haps as that which you really are But whether you are liar or not the prevailing superstition concerning per sonal honor marl dignity compels to strike or kill It even compels you to assail a physical giant who you know in advance Is likely to kill you Thus an Insult will force cowards Who Inward searched have livers white as milkIlo Adue to their own loss orr f They wore the bMfl pi Hercules or frowning Minis Public opinion thu makes many a weakling strut like aslant and bluster and blow as a makffbelleve tighter while in his hearth knows he de serves all the insults hat have been offered him ared out of his wits at having to resent them And so Rascality insulted Rascality pre tend to respect and ipverenco public opinions In barroomsind streets the Identical Rascality hat makes so much noise with its Glory to God in the church and Hurrafi Jor the Flagon rostrum tAgain you have hundreds of convicts at work unacr less than a dozen guardd All ojjtjiom could not be shot If they ate t to escape but since any one of them may be shot they work on su niissslvely each awaiting occasion wwn a break for liberty may lo made fltti little or no personal danger At pIes there Is a rare spirit who will nk for IIbert under any and all crftiinstances his rarity as a rule prorajfiy effecting hIs extermination As convict camp In thin church cam Nearly all of Its mental prisonerXfor prisoners tiny are truly of galley slaves chained to the oar uld break for Rationalism If every dEe were certain ho would not bo hurywj exterminated In so doing And convicts when some one begins toJfeilk of escape there are many town the guards the clergy lf his ll4heresythat they too cowardly tS try to escape may make prlsonllfejsaylcr for them selves S Such is the source ghe marvelous vitality of KiiperstltjonSinuHltudlnonH and Irrepressible Rara lily which Is after all thin bulwark all tyrannies ecclesiastical or politi anclent med laoval anti modern de llsDls regard nifestless of whether they them selves as conquering iUKics Christian Inquisitions Russia Meardoms or American plutocraclelBl Such social monstrosities do not fish and have never flourished bccdBjV masses believe in them or believed in thom as well as pre5d to believe that their fellow pr Wers aro not pretenders and so RTallty omnl present and IrrepfcHe Rascality most virulent In itsglouts please lute a world embra J K pestilence rages unchecked and cclable How often 0 Uci Kt have you heard and continue t H r thin omin ous ShI EwInd whist nccomJlanlled j t furtive glancings about and the land you were about to utter slinks Into the Sotl depths whence It Thus thrive nit Lies little and- big mill thus fattens all Superstition until grown so great It falls of Its own weight to bo swent utterly and for ever away by sudden volcanic Truth uphcavels from universal Souldepths Inevitable cataclysmic annihilation of whole systems of Lies A lie big or little has a life to live and it will not be abandoned to perish until It ceases to yield tithes Peters pence or revenue of some kind and so truth like povertystricken bastardy left on doorsteps must struggle against nameless difficulties to niako its way in the world nor will men doff their until Its victorious banner Is seen flying over the Held of Error 1000 BOOK for 100 Will mall on receipt ot 120 BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers Box Lexington Grut ffBB Bls if- eLEVOLUTION i BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers 4w 50c HIGH BRIDGEi AND RETURNf QUEEN CRESCENT ROUTE SUNDAY JUNE 30 Tickets Good Leaving Lexington on Train No 5 or on Special Train at 100 a m Dancing Pavilion Excellent Music Dining Hall meals fboth a la carte and table dc note Swings and Shelter Houses Ask ticket agent for particulars ysupRe Ilit aI rNl BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers lies Lulntton f- lyMarriage and Divorce tn JOSEPHINE K HENRY order promptly filled copy 25c IAll copies for fl00 j i