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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, June 16, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 blu1907061601 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, June 16, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. 4 BLUE GRASS BLADEWE AIM TO OUT DOWN ERROR AND ESTABLISH TRUTH Vohune XVI Number 9 LEXINGTON KY JUNE 1C 1907 PUBLISHED WEEKLY trso A YEA R IN ADVANCE sslos rte T 9lde Aslalant Fast BLICHTKu INFLUENCE OF RELIGION Ordinary Things Accepted as a Matter of Course and Extraordinary Ones Fxcite Fear Rather thanCuriosityI By Cohcn Prom London Freethinker ThousnndB of generations hiivo passed since first arrived at any definite conclusions concerning na t tnreund the causes of natural phono mcna At the beginning these conclus- Ions were few nnd of necessity fail ty in nil probability too these slut Pie conclusions wore tint reached by an elaborate process of reasoning but rather in the samo semiconscious or unconscious manner in which ova- linodon mat registers the bulk of Ills dally experiences For the phil osophy that represents primitive man eagerly speculating on natural prob lems is quite false Savages are not curious people Like iinlnttllectual people everywhere ordinary things are accepted as a matter of course mitt oven extraordinary ones arouse fear rather than curiosity The at titude of a domesticated animal in the presence of a quite unusual sight 9rp iin improbably gives us it hrel- ly vi f 1 uroJy tk theti d th RQg jt 9 fbj lmQnfi L d tCIfs rum tirl 1f Xesultfl of conscious ratiocination But a conclusion was readied faulty but Inevitable The world was alive or rather It was made up of a number of lives any or all of which i might wake things very uncomforta bio for man It was u wrong conclu slon and yet an important ono In the history of the human Intellect For it meant that the first great step had been taken In the long line of development that culminated In a Newton a Lyoll and a Darwin It marked the beginning of scientific thinking True science no longer gards the world as alive or as domin ated by living forces but this is be causo our knowledge of the real char actor of natural forces hits changed lint the primitive thinker did exactly as the latest ono does both inter pret phenomena In terms of thin forces known to then cannot do otherwise The earliest thinker had only himself to fall back upon nod of necessity ho read himself his feelings mid volitions Into all around him loiter ages slowly nor rected this error but in the begin ning it hall Its purpose It codified experience and dso paved the way for future corrections aid nOw their les For the great thing was that there theory whether it was right orwrong was n question of only secondary importance Hall religion this primitive science of nature held only the Santo rank as later science held and holds the history of mankind would be very different to what it is The older hypothesis would then havo yielded to a bettor as and with no greater trouble than n scientific theory Is modified or discarded today Hut there were two factors that mule this impossible Ono was fear thin other KeifInterest All alto early religions are more or less based on fear tutu fear indeed has been the chief In gredient In religion right through hu man history Mutt began to worship the gods ho hind created because he feared their malevolence should he not gain their goodwill Nor was their anger of a discriminating de scription If one penson offended thin wholo tribe might be undo to suffer and therefore offence to thom had to bo carefully guarded against It was thus that heresy doubt of the power or wisdom or existence of the gods assumed thin nature of a tribal offence tad as an offence against all It was punished by all Thousands of generations have passed slnco this ccptlon was generated hint thin feet tugs created by It persist oven today Then there is the fooling of self Interest The thinkers among man kind Lave ever been the fow and there is no reason fur doubting that tho primitive priesthood was largely composed of those who thought must about natural forces and Imposed their conclusions upon the rest But this Involved a position of aggrandise uncut and not ono Jlghtly surrendered as tho whole history of priestcraft shows thus a priesthood growing wlthtnil tho tenacity of vested interests to its privileges und possessions would act as a constantly opposing force to all those new Lucas that threatened their power In this way the two Imvo combined tinoughout the ages to prevent that process of modi fica tion rejected addition which has been the most finable feature in the history of science It i8theref6r3 only In tho very earliest stages r huhian existence tlurt fel4lidtfuollefs answer any kind Afterwards they genii the mind fan then development iSeveii among tribes Aloviations from the jreveited owing rf tbe the gods ationfin of Clmldca t b VfJt one call see rtoms were pcrpet rt rjVVcnients frustrated iar uuiiuHs Pen tofctire thinkers Greece till Rome felt tho weight of the ancient Incubus al though thin restless intellect of tho one and the practical genius of the other reduced the obstructive Inllu once of religion to a smaller measure than it had ever been before in un man history or than it has been ulnce change came when various causes contributed to place religious beliefs In a position of commanding Inl erce and to establish Clitlpttnnlty as tho religion of the western world low repressing this Influence 1Jcon only bo gauged by those who if3 ufl1lput ly acquainted with thin historyttf science to know how much been discovered when Chrlilmil issutucd control Consider for a moiient what It was In physical science that the ancients know Tho geometry of thin ancient conies to us in tho form of 1uelidat- extbook now as it was over two thousand years ago Mechanical skill speaks to us In the Pyramids In the countless remains of ancient mon intents mid buildings thin ancients had not onlyy eroded and developed mathematics hut their application of mathematics to optics and acoustics had enabled them to discover many of thin laws of light and of musical theory tho earth sldwruysuapenledl0 hadwas a space an approximate notion of Its size dis cussed the question of other contin ents beyond thin seas had measured thin width of thin topical zone mill covercfl the relation of the moon to the tides Something was also knows of size of thin sun and Its distance front the earth They had even co- nst ucted nn orrery Tho writings of Lucretius and 1llny also furnished evidence that speculation were rife on such subjects as electricity on tho birth mill death of worlds of the ori gin of language and of civilization In medical science thin crude theories of possession had been discarded thin body dissected and medicine male to rest upon a basis of anatomy In a word thin better thinkers among Greek Romans had reached tho percep tion of nature as an aggregation of phenomena orderly knownblo anti and Hoiiian thinkers Christianity After light darkness After civilization barbarism Histor ically It may be true that Christianity was not wholly responsible for the death of thin ancient civilization std thin extinction of its thought The de cline hind set In before Christianity assumed control Hut this decline WaS coincident with the growing power of those less clvlllze religious beliefs of which Christianity was the full ex pression At any rate the decline of the undent strength was essential to thin growth of Christianity and most certainly It did nothing to arrest but everything to hasten Its overthrow And fur centuries it fought strenuou sly against Its renaissance Morn over till most Ignorant period during till history of civilized Immunity thin period during which science wits ut Its poorest mid Investigation banpcd was the period when Christianity was strongest Starting from next to nothing the ancient world had built up a lingo fabric of actual knowledge and suggestive speculation With this to build on as a foundation Christian ity gavo ustho Dark Ages Against this fact of all the apologists for thin religion of the Dark Ages struggle In vain On tho most favorable view a Church that could allow freedom of thought to bo stilled civic ollfo and sanitation to decay learning to die out stud the arts of civilization to disappear ought not itself to have survived With such u condition of things mere survival is little short of a disgrace It arguues passive acqu iescence with what occurs But to be In a position of power right through the period is evidence of snore than acquiescence it Is proof of participation There Is no danger from thin ono conclusion that thin blighting influ once with rested upon Europe for so many centuries was its religion Other causes may be round but this Is thin predominant one and the con dition of tho existence of many of the others Consider that tho deaths of the ancient civilization jhieant not also the loss of a mental habit of the habit of facing thin world as some IJihig to be studied And conquered and itreplacement by habits of men sal servility and credulity Who would trouble to acquire knowledge when merely to be suspected of sturdy might mean imprisonment or the stake What was the use of consider- Ing schemes of social Improvement when the Church sat enthroned above all sucking from society its very hl u19 TCnropp was paisijuiby Its irflilglpn robtibd of initiative by its belief Hnnke a tolerably cautious writer calculates that the reign of thin Catholic Church cast Europe over ten millions of lives All of those were not of course thinkers butt many were and thin fate of those that were offered little encourage ment for others to follow in their footsteps And In the old It was the little of the Greek and lnlln writ hugs that survived the storm that abled Europe to partly throw off thin cramping Influence of Its creeds Unhappily the blight of religion did not cease with the Dark Ages The Renaissance did not end its career only limited its influence It Is seen In nil the opposition offered to science during the past four centuries It was responsible for the deaths of llrunuo and Vnnlnl at the stake and fur thin ignoble persecution and im prisonment of Galileo It was at the bottom of tho Outcry against the pity sios and mathematics of Newton the astronomy of Laplace the geology of Lyell and the biology of Darwin Worse even than this it is respon sible for the mental cowarlco mill hypocrisy which Is the bano of con temporary life If tho social atmos phere is thick with Insincerities anti lypocrises If tho lrnlh seeker is frowned truthspeaker uwnshn11 persecuted the religion that has dominated Europe for fifteen cen turies escape responsibility Wo are nfluenced by a vitiated heredity anti wo move amid an unhealthy environ ment The race has been taught to look to Its religion for guidance and that religion Is permeated with fear and fear perpetuates fear In earlier times the gods demanded and receiv ed human sacrificesa brutal custom and ono that we have outgrown What we have yet to outgrow Is the sacrifice of mans menial and moral nature to the remnants of that horde of gods called Into being by the ignorance of our primitive ancestors and perpetuat ed by tho fear std cupidity of their descendants We Will Catch Up Newton Iowa Tames Hughes have been thinking would write you a line to know why tho Blade Is languishing you surely will kill it by running behind I am satisfied It would ho a practical tiling to move the data up to thin proper date no doubt you are having a hard grinding but that Is thin lot of nearly all of us i would dislike to see tho Ulado wo will have our annual Ingersoll Meminorial Picnic on thin 11th of August nil will be welcome the forenoon will bo occupied with home recitations and afternoon with a pro minent speaker please fix up allot ice that will be suitable put It In your paper two or throe weeks last year our puttee misled the paper and caused troiinle Our crowd was small and not so tntertnlnlng wo havo not procured oir speaker yet wo wrote Mr Wlndnlo of Chicago Wishing you good success am Fraternally yours E MOFF1TT Chance for Somebody Wanted matrlmonnl partner by a childless widower am years of ago and r3 Inches In height My weight ift pounds eyes gray hair brown Complexion fair occupation farming am nn agnostic nnd religion is the golden rule prefer n lady between thin ages of 25 ault years Must bo of 00l1I moral character in good health erect form about Inches In height and pounds Fair or ordlnnrytcomlllcxlon Any national ity Including English Scotch 001I luau French or Scandlnvlan withI an English education Give descrip U and photos exchang ed Address 1 Box Kentsa Store jVIrginia GodJAnothe lI1mnnltntlan has gone loI her long tIDirsannah E wire or n IIIDpWkdeprirted this life at the age of sixty yt She died Nay 25 1007 Her fathJrwns a Methodist Episcopal Mllilser She became nn unbeliever by reading the bible after she wets forty ye sold She still believes there wasa life after this but did not clairfljJKo know She was such a confined to her bed Slm boroiher rOiiikiOIth lli Vowagep nilfo A few days before shin became un coiiscloui shin called Mr Dow to turn her over and after lining turned ov rISilo commenced to talk of dying and gave directions ns to what she want ed done She realized she was go soon Slur said that among other things that had been thinking and studying tho future for two orIthree months and had made lip hetImind nnd was glad thero was no God or Devil to torment her In thcIbeyond but would like to have lived as she had every comfort to make life worth living As her time hndIcome she was prepared to submit to the Inevitable Mrs Dow was a good woman mudt a kind friend She was quick to render assistance in time of lIeedIand sympathetic In every orIher nature Perfect rest that sweet 10IOlleITheres none who Ihc 001Iknows lint when lifes oer mud wo shall fnllI Theres sweet repose awaits us nilI E LEWIS MAKE ANSWER TO THE POPE Italian Priests Accuse The Pontiff of Violating Rights of Conscience In His Adminstratlon Recent dispatches from Rome say that a group or daring Italian priests has issued n remarkable open later to the pope It Is n daring ropey to the censure uttered by His Holiness In his allocution of April against the most modern school of eccleslas ties and it accuses thin pontiff ofI violating the rights of conscience in his treatment of Father Murrl and other priests Father Murrl wns suspended from thin priesthood for criticising thin vat scams pulley The letter contends that Roman Catholicism should aban don Its archaic position and by re cognizing the claims of science and Democracy regain Its hold on man kind It vindicates tho right of the young Oren in thin church to a certain amount of liberty In their work for her and strongly criticises certain pontifical appointments to high dig nities Tho pope Is charged also with paralyzing the work and Institu tion of his predecessors The writers of the letter repudiate the Idea of re bellion mid appeal to tho pope for wisdom equality luau clemency J i BIBLE A POLITICAL ISSUE Editor Foote of the London Freethinker Takes the Liberal Party to Task for Taking Up with Religion Uy W Foote The liberal party huts become religious party It has oven become Patty of religious propaganda The Nonconformists have captured it Henceforth no one knows for how long It will speak tier sentiments and uphold their Interests It almost files theh flag All its old traditions have been cast nsldt and may never be recovered In a moment of self forgetfulness the other day Mr Lloyd George reffered to the Rev Dr ford as my leader Mr BIrrell in introducing the Education Bill in tho House of Commons spoke pointedly as a Nonconformist and the sots of a Nonconformist All the principal champions of the Bill in parliament are Nonconformists Agnostics like Mr John Morley and Mr John Burns have not made speeches In the House its favor although they have voted for it as their party Hill This Is a point that must not be lost sight of Not a single liberal voted against the second reading And thin four Labor members who voted against It did so apparently at the behest of their Roman Catholic constituents We are told that thin Labor party will jflght hard for Secular Education while the Bill is in committee hut this is a Matter of prophecy and spe culation The great sight over every re1lltigandvote ugahiyt It then we can hardly expect any very heroic atack upon It a subsequent stage of Its progress There is no special statute in the economy of tine universe for the belie fit of the Labor Party the general law of life will remain the same for all parties the law namely that opportunities cannot be created hilt only sized and used and that It is Idle to labor and worry when the psychological moment huts passel Common sense suggests that a Bill voted against by all the Conservatives except three and by all the Irish Nationalists who took part in the division and which yet passed through its second rending by a maj ority of to 200 cannot be ser iously dnnmged In committee The lobo members are not numerous enough to put It In any peril even they had thin mind to do so And Is absurd to suppose that much mischief can be expected from any of the IS4 Liberals who have already voted favor Unless therefore the quarrel of the Churches over the Education hill becomes to bitter ns to menace the public peace and place social order In jeopardy and thus to throw the Government nnd thin nation Inevitably secular luhcsolution of the problem may con elude tint a decisive victory has fallen for the present to the Noncon formists Undenominational Chris tianity which no one Is able to define or explain will now bo the established religion of the State In the pub lic schools mill simple Bible teach ings which Is tho concrete expres sloe of this theoretical mystery will now have to he paid for by those who detest and deride It as well hy those who approve IL And this not as a mere regrettable copse quence of the faulty settlement of 1S70 but as the result of a now anti distinct affirmation of the 1205- Mr Blrrell and Mr Lloyd George one representing Englund and the other Wales are thin accepted pat liamentary exponents of tho Noncom formlst volley There is a certain dry light of the intellect about Mr Asqulth which leads him to make occasional inconvenient concessions to logic and lustlce Moreover there stands behind him tho walling figure of Lord Rosebery who with all hi Putts has more mind that the res of these politicians Hut both Mr Hlrrel and Mr Lloyd George tare wholehearted Nonconformists What they say In support ul Education Bill In what thin Nonconformists really mean And each of them held in his right hand ns It were a copy of theIHoly Bible This Is a book Mr Bir rell said from which the English Ilea ple derive their glimpses of spiritual life This is the book Mr Lloyd George said which the English and the Welsh pqopfc leave Onade up their minds to rally round They argued that this Is a Christian cour- ttrywhlclt Is a falsehood that this Is a Protestant country which is hilt partially true that the Bible con talus thin religion of Protestants and that It must therefore be placed In thin nations schools as tho rule of faith and conduct They took a long time In saying this but this is really what they said What will happen in consequence We shall have two forms of establish ed religion one in the State churches founded upon the Prayer Book the other in tho State schools CoundedIupon thin Nonconformist conception of the Bible One is old and senile the other Is young and vigorous One is an enfeebled enemy the other Is n fresh danger One may be fro quently ignored the other meets us at every turn Nobody need go to church Everybody must go to scfibol The tyranny of the new established religion The Nonconformist has trumped the Churchmans last trick rrII n he ampini61cyllnnhonew Education Is indeed fhe NOll conformists act of conformity i The religion thus established the religion of the Authorized Version r1 the Bible of the Catholicthe Doulll version Is ruled out the Bible of the High Churchman which Includes the t Old Testament apocrypha Is also ruled out Thin established Bible of the seventeenth century Puritans This constitutes a fresh challenge r to Freethought Other questions such as thin existence of God and a future lICe are for the Protestant Bible is set up as a fetish in English elementary schools Freethinkers are thus called upon to subject It to a new deliberate attack If one body of citizens as citizens have the right to cry Up with the Bible another body of citizens as ctizens have the right to cry Down with the Bible If the one cry Is legitimate on pol itical platforms and In parliament so Is the other and Freethinkers would be foolish not to shout itat thin top of their voices What we havo to attack is not the Bible of the Higher Criticism not rellglOllsestablished rule of faith and conduct thin State schools We have to tight the Authorized Version of the Bible as the word of God We have to do this now not as critics but as citizens And we will do it PREMIER CLEMENCAIJr RIDES SAFELY AND WELLtPlans of Socialists Fustrated And The French Prenier Has Made Good Use of His Opportunities By Henri Romaines Opportunities are made for mot and men fur opportunities This rule seems Impossible of vi lation or re clslon write now as a Frenchman who loves his country although Americanized but with asoft spot m native land am a Freethinker nlanl rejoice in the stand taken by the government against the papal conspir acy hurt cannot accept its tendency towards what deem German social ism It is extremely gratifying Premier Clomencenn In spite of allr4saddleta strong hand Clemenceau fascinates Continued on fourth Frenchmenj t 4 f BLUE GRASS BLADE Published at Lexington Kentucky Every Sunday Founded 1884 and edited by Charles Chllton Moore up to his death February 1906 JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mail J50 wr year in advance Five new subscribers sent with one remittance at 100 per year each Trial subscription 15 cents per month All orelgn subscription postpaid 200 per yecarI ADVERTISING RATES ALL ADVERTISEMENTS of whatsoever character ac cepted will be published at the rate of 100 per inch per month unless by special contract when other and better rates will be quoted upon appllct tlon The publishers have the right to reject any and all advertisements oftarod GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinuedt1 at the expiration of the term for scription has been paid up in advance The MAKE ALL money orders drafts checks etc payable to JAMES E HUGHES Lexington liyUs h will facilitate collectionISHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER chaife his or her address advise this office giving both old and new one the Blade will be sent to the new address all desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at 12012 North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky to be a hearty welcomeITHE BLADE is entered at the Jostofficc Kentucky as second class mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUIICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P O Box 393 Lexington Ky address slip on the paper will show subscribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent It asked for upon rene al in case of discontinuance JUST A CASE OF GRAFTING lllu has robbed the poor told is now offering back a small portion of what he has stolen This is the verdict of a convention of Baptist ministers concerning John D Rockfeller and his latest magnificent gift to the cause of education in America Judged by similar standards the church merits the same condemnation for every dollar it can now boast has been wrung from the pockets of its adherents under false pretenses The preacher contends that he can control their future destinies for a cash consideration and if the cash is not forthcoming there is no further controlling but the pious flock is left like a lot of sheep wandering across a desert without the aid of a shepherd t The Blade is not an apologist for plutocracy Far front that We know that Rockefeller did noti I make his millions by purely honest methods know thatevery dollar he owns represents a heart ache 3drop of blood the very industrial and soc iulconditions that have kept the poor in poverty 1 and made the rich richer We also know that the itt church Ins systematically into the hauls of the plutocrats preached a gospelmessage that t was favorable to his cause of blooddraining and that in return for the favors shown it has rcapj ed a golden harvest The Blade also knows that the mind of every Christian preacher is held inI bondage by the wealth owning class and that a golden seal has been put upon his lips Thousands of texts have been preached upon Pauls declaration to render unto Caesar the things that are Caesars and the people have been blinded by thet glitter of false promises Judas mazy be still denounced as a traitor for his alleged pail in the scene on Calvary but he is a worse traitor to humanity who preaches a false doctrines for a harvest of gold and grub who fawns that thrift nay follow If it were true that Rockefeller is after all but makng a just restitution of illgotten wealth the church can never emulate his example Where Rockeeller turned one penny th church has turned one million pennies and they have profited thereby never exept to make restitution Individual ism may have aided Rockefeller in his accumula tion of wealth but the church has acquired its vats riches and property values bby an open con- Spiracy to rob and the people who have had to hear the burden have been too blinded with releg ious faith und zeal to realize what has been going on these many years Rockefeller may have gained his riches by a careful and studiedcompliance with forms of the law or in other words have remained legally honest though morally dishonest but the church nazi boast neither for it takes money from any and every source without the slightest consideration therefor but a vain and empty promise ol so11a thug in till Future In common parlance they encourage speculation in tins world for something that is not likely to happen n an other world When it coms to raking in the coin the church can give Rockefeller valuable hints such as he has never dreamed The present cry is simply a case of the kettle calling the pot a negro If Rockefeller has acquir ed his money through dishonest means the church has done worse The saddest part of this is that the preachers know and wont admit although tljing to play the goodygoody net The Blade would be willing to venture a wager that Rockefellers millions would not be safe if left in a room tool alone with a preacher CORNELL PAYS TRUE HOMAGE The ages will inevitably prove true Time will heal all wounds and justice shall tri umtph in the cndtVhen mien ore condemned in their own day and i age because they were too Far in advance of their fellows especially if that condemnation come from priests mild clergy future gcneratons will remove the blot and honor be given to him whose labors brought light and encouragement to the worldI 9Once in a while justice will miscarry it may t f tr v- be turned front its rightful course but injustic cannot triumph for long The lawn of compensate follows too close a conformation to rule and preecd for that A few cobwebs may obliterate tIltI name of a scholar and a thinker because the hands that wove them were steeped in the vat of ligious venom nod hate but humanitys sunbeams will cause even such hands to dry and Patter Time will bring honor to him to whom honor is pile Pagne Franklin Jefferson Lincoln and 01f Ingersoll were all doomed to everlasting loin iiiy by the purveyors of imbecile creeds but the great white light of truth broke the dense clouds of bigoted ignorance until they now stand as bright lights in the intellectual firmament upon which men und women gaze in rapturous admiration and delight Prom the Cornell University comes the intclli cence that a company of distinguished scholars lHleehllatols well known in flmerica were gather ed together in the lecture hall of that famous stitution twill gave honor to the memory of Agassi eulogizing him and his work The priest hood denounced him Prof Burt G Wilder who has been associated with Agassi as a pupil friend and colleague paid a glowing tribute to the great naturalist and the glory of it all comes from theI fact that it took place at Cornell University Such a circumstances could not have happened 25 years As a scientist and n student of natural history no man rendered greater service to humanity than Agassiz lie not only astonished but he uplifted tilt world Prom childhood he loved both nature am mal humanity The former ho strove to interpret without the aid of theology or god and the other he sought to cheer nil enlighten by practica work rather than the preaching of dead creeds He was a naturalist in the broadest sense Ile knew no god lint Nature and nature wag to him thin all in all When Prof Wilder soil that Amcriei owed a great deal to Agassi he spoke a veritable truth for it was he who became chiefly iiistrumen al in establishing scientific independence merica Thus then the infidels of one age become the saints of the next and in giving honor to the meiii Dry of Agassi the university of Cornell has driven mother argument against Christian theology Let the good work go on The ages will inevitably prove true 4 SCIENCE MUST NOT DEAL IN SPECULATION Sir Oliver Lodge as the title would lead one to nfer is an Englishman and he is something more tic is also a scientist For many years he leas been a shining light in thO realm of scientific thought and he has contributed valuable information Un ler such Jircumstnnces it is indeed amazing for pne given to reason to study out his new cnteeliisni concents scientific thought in its applicatibfi to the univclse Among Jhe most extravagant writers upon as ronomy is Cnmirijilc FIninmnrion the Frenchman hut Sir Oliver goes him one better in that every eadcr of the French writer is aware of the fact that he is dealing with facts from a viewpoint of fiction while the Englishman known for his staid rritings gives mere conjecture as facts and provably expects mankind to give full credence to them For years it has been the conjecture of as ronomical science that the earth was not the only lanct in our solar system that was inhabited by 3iiticnt beings Par example it has been conject red that Mars having an atmosphere water and mil divisions with vegetation could boast a popu ition of thinking and sentient people who if not tcactly as we are oear a close resemblance Sev rid suggestions have been offered as a method of mununicnting with the supposed Martians and while all this is based on the phesnniption of sent meat life on that fill distant planet yet it is all pre nnption for in the end we do not actually know and with thin limited facilities at our command it is impossible for us to know with any degree of rtainly hence the existence of a race of poplc vet on Mars is only a matter of mere inference Again if conditions are favorable there is no ason why Mars or many other planets should IOt be inhabited One thing is sure that in the mcreative economy of Nature no animal or being is brought forth until the conditions favorable for its existnce and propagation precede it Such has ion the case with the earth Natural history can army us hack to the protoplasm with its cell struc ttne and from that through all the various stages of insect and animal life until man clone upon the seenI It has been clearly demonstrated that when tIlt earth was first formed it was not capable of aintaining even vegetable life The vvegetable ingdonu appeared first the animal afterwards rlw animal found succor and menus of subsistence frolll the vegetable Granting that Nature always oduces like things under like conditions then the inference is reasonable that other planets both our own and in other solar systems might be habited but we have no positive knowledge that subject nor can we have until it is demon rated When a learned nwui like Sir Oliver Lodge bays so flu from the path of reason and logic as to declare that the earth is only one of millions of worlds sonIC of which we can sec by night and thllt souse of these worlds inhabited by crcat 1IICS higher than mina it appears to us to be cllse of mental aberration seldom mot with in men f great scientific tainment The statement that esc other worlds inhabited is a bald as seltion capable of proof at present While good nasons may exist and do exist for believing that sOllle of them may be inhabited this can only be a ientifie conjecture or theory and it is no use lUl- lcan it do any good to assert it as a fact Free tinkers condemn Christian theological dogma as being altogether incapable of proof told for Sir Oliver to make such an assertion espccally with his scientific qualifications places him in the saute a category with the fable und dogma builders of the discredited Christian religion The fuel that these other worlds tally bo or air nlmbited is perhaps trivial in itself but scientific men moist lie careful not to assert theory for fact or science stands dis credited even as the Christian religion Freothink object to having socalled Christian history an crammed into the heads of their children und for same reasons we must exercise care that wo do not teach an erroneous scientific eonccptionll of the universe Rather oolloborate all as we know them as they are driiionstrntod am allow the child to form its own conclusions on the subject The Blades attitude towards this question is that no man however great his degree of intelligence eon assert that which is not proven that which he only believes Not even a Lodge ought to assert that mans relation to the external universe as he believes it is the only true conception Even a Lodge cannot maintain successfully that no other view than his own is possible To insist other wise would be to confer upon or to usurp an omnipotence which is an attribute conferred upon or usurped by the deity the Christians worship This is an ancient forms of blunder At the smile time it is a common and a natural form It is the blunder resulting from confusing pedantry with reason from the constant thought upon a men scientific theory until the thinker actually conies to believe it as a fact although no proof is forthcoming to establish it us a fact In this maniiei religious systems have been horn only to die Others have taken their places and these too have dicdj Every religion dead has heed followed by a new iind a better one For centuries the entire world the whole realm of scientific thought and research was at the mercy under the control nod curried on under the direction of the priesthood Only as science has wrested its independence front those unwilling hauls it asserted its rights to rule in the domain of intellect and establish its greatness and power It is wit that the ideas promulgated by Sir Oliver Lodge are in conflict with science that this is written rather that what he asserts as a fact re mains unproven There may be other and many in habited worlds Assuming this to be true it is atI once destructive of thin Christian system of theology But lot us wait until we actually know We must allow the child to think for itself We must teach it tQ sothink We must lay before it all thin known physical facts in the universe but great rare should be taken that we do not cover them witha bible Open to the eyes of the coming gene rations the great book of life not a fabled sketch of a band of scmiisavagCH but Natures book Teach them that it is better to laugh than to weep better to smile than to frown and let them know hat they should use their strength to make their weaker brothers strong even as they We must avoid assumption Discover first the fact and it will soon become sufficiently manifest that all will accept it and do it homlage In this wo cat agree time Apostle who said H Prove all things hold fast that which is good INGERSOLL MEMORIAL PICNIC To be held at E B Moffltts Grove three miles west of Newton on SUNDAY AUGUST 11 1907 The afternoon will be occupied by rcqitations elections and ten minute speeches The afternoon address will be given by nON C A WIND of Chicago to begin at ten oclock A 11 All are welcome Bring your dinner baskets well filled and have a good outing- S READ THE BIBLE HANGED HIMSELF Although it has boon made a favorite claim with clergy that infidelity or unbolif in the Christian creed leads to or encourages suicide we now confronted with proof positive that the rcad nag of the Bible has led directly to one act of self destruction and this ont is sulliciently to som icmn it as an immoral book mind an unsafe guide lot man to follow In the jail of this county a negro by the name of Aaron McCabo was under sentence of death for the brutal murder of a white man which took place ill a saloon one Sunday morning over a tear ago lie was twice tried by a regular jury Juleach time the death penalty was assessed His ase was still pending before the appellate tribunals of the Commonwealth lint unwilling to ufosist longer under the suspense occasioned by- lie fearful mate awaiting him he took his own life whim in hits cell by hanging himself with an ia rovised rope lie was found by a fellow prison r next morning dead The usual procedure lOwed of a coronors inquest and sonic of thin other risoners wore called upon to testify at the hear mg Naturally the purpose of thin investigation was to ascertain whether or not the double murd rer had talked with them about taking his own lifo In substance one of the prisoners stated that McCabo had spoken with him two days pre iously to the eflect that ho McCabo had boon jading in the Bible where a tan had hanged imsVlf and Will saved The inference drawn fro In this statement as given by the daily papers of Lexington in their report of tin tragedy was that the suicide had become satisfied in his own mimI from reading the BillIe that his act of- self destruction would not bo displeasing to god HutIterl We hud anticipatel that the preachers would take issue with such a statement find engage in discussion with papers about it lint up to this writing nothing further has boon said upon the subject This may bo taken as a tacit confession or an admission by silence as it is said that sil ence gives consent that the negros mind hall noon so influenced by reading the Bible which argues that his suicidal act was actually causedIby reading the Bible By a reverse process of reasoning we may justly infer that if the negro had not road the Bible he would not have com mitted suicide Then we may assert that the Bibue caused him to commit suicide and it would bo extremely interesting to hear what any or all of the preachers hind to say on the subject So far as our knowledge of the Bible extends ww remember reading of lint one who committed suicide or is so reported by hanging This was Judas the alleged betrayer of Jesus We are told that after lining paid the price agreed upon for his treachery he at once gave the thirty pieces of silver with which to buy a burial ground know as the Potters Field and he then the record says went out hanged himself II Had the unfortunate negro read in another place he would haw discovered that Judas did not die by hanging hut that his bowels gushed out and he died Without entering upon a discussion of this pal pable discrepancy we are at a loss to undelStmulIhow the negro got his idea that Judas after hanging himself The New Testament record does no so state nor it is to he inferred from the context Salvation is made altogether depen dent ujion the whims mind fancies of the father son and holy ghost and is gained only by believing and being baptized The story given of this episode toes not suggest that Judas got either Passing front this line of thouhgt and coming hack to the original proposition we opine that the clergy will remain forever silent and hold their peace anent the bible reading of Aaron McCains The facts in the case are against them mind the clergy invariably shun a conflict against demonstrable facts A little leaven we are told works upon the entire baking and as we luivc now one direct wise against thin bible it must smim convicted of having directly led one man at least to take his own life There is no dodging this issue It is a plain open and shut fllgumentispeople must render the verdict It does not naturally follow that all who con tinue to road tile Bible will follow the negro example This may not be because they may fail sinmplybecausethat they have to do so in order to peep on the good side of the deity they worship and not be Lausii they want to trend it or that they like to readmit The rending of thin Bible by individuals lias gown to be a more matter of routine ctnc1Ithis constitutes a good and valid reason why so little harmi comes from the operation Did men mil women rend it beliovingly then act strictly upon its suggestions and advice there would be feeingsits TURNED AGAINST HER SEX paradoxWhenkind was man it is supposed that he also nwint woman but years of study have so far failed to reveal her as she is Columns have boon written and volumes said woniien given the best nail most active years women have thin best and most active yeas of their lives to its service Among them are many who hnvii acquired botjh toamo and fame mud whose names will live in the archives of our try for years to come With all it must bo said hat the extension of the suffrage to women is kept back by the attitude of the women them iClvos The ibitteixst eneiniesj of tlu political qualities of the sexes are of that sex which is debarred from equality Ninotenths of the men do not care whether the women vote or not they fIle indifferent and catching them while in this talc would be easy but for thin women themselves Among the suffragist agitators few were known Hotter than Phoebe Cousins As a champion of the ause she ranked among those in tutu front Now she has turned the other way mud in her dcclin foritsIomen lIe not fit to vote The indictment is mi old one Miss Cousins loclares which emphasis that women are not tray bettor morally than mono The Blade xpressos the first opinion that only a fomlii could make snob n statement and let go unchallenged by the women themselves Shin also assorts that women are more easily influ expCliHlce a iilo men are more easily influenced than women sortAIIOUlll thefranchiseIhUlllls or sweethearts and in some instances thcIthe alleges have given their votes to sell III nil the splendid history of womans saeIiHces for man what docs a small thing like a vote mount to The glory of woman through all thin todyeto turn her back on Adam when the old codger wns driven forth from the Garden with a ing sword at his nether end and woiniaii 1111111I stood by the man she loved during the ages lined History shows that women are vastly the moraJ superiors of nun Miss Cousins to the contrary notwithstanding It nay he true that when a wonisin falls she falls lower than ulna could possibly fall hut she has a greater distance to cover in the desecMision The majority of women are able to keep man in the paths of honesty and morality and when she fails in this trust she has lost her power to charm to attract Unhappy comes the woman when this influence leaves her No No Miss Cousins you are wrong You must come up with somw now stuff It is not because women fire wiser than men that they will some day have the elective franchise nor is it that men are wiser thou women that men have the franchise now and women dont It is simply justice simple equality simple hon esty For our part we should far sooner trust our legal and constitutional rights in a Mrs Joseph ine K Henry thin to all the preachers in the country and Mrs Henry in only a little mite of a woman as against army or men Men are not better than women Men are mostly fools in innny things When women got the right to vote it will he for that very feminine reasons just because r a a DECLINING POWER OF THE POPE The pope appears determined to get himself into the middle of a bad fix with no immediate relief in sight- Cwrried away by his silly notions f Papal authority based upon an imaginary viceregency from some fanciful deity he has caused no end of trouble in France and anticipating that Italy may yet follow suit he had ventured upon a scheme whereby he could make a hasty retreat into another jurisdiction by the proposition to build a papal road leading from the Vatican to the Italian coast Just what the pope or his followers want ed with a road can only be surmised The Italian government have innumberable roads leading front the seat of government to the coast on only of which the pope and his blackrobed army could travel Of course these are public roads and us such all subjects clerical or lay have a right of access to and fro This did not suit the pope Alarmed at the inroads niiule upon him and his religious heirarchy lie wanted another road lie wanted a road that should be exclusively his own to be built by him at the expense of Roman Catholic worshippers used by him and his cabinet exclus ively and guarded watched and protected that the comnijon people might not tread thereon by a papal guard With such a road the pope could leave Rome mill Italy too without let or hindrance should the neccessity for rapid flight occur But the Pope is not to have the road The Italian governmuent has put a quietus on the scheme Money had been subscribed already for the under taking according to European iud upon learning what was intended the government has caused a warning to allsubscribers and from them to the pope that it will never allow thell1 carry their scheme into cIVect on the ground tl e it might ultimately lead to a restoration or a quasirestoration of the popes territorial jurisdiction in Italy The action of the government is both timely mind right To allow the pope or the official head of any church to use public domain for private purpose would bd dorogatveof the peoples rights It would also set a dual government operation It would scan the maintenance o two distinct military bodies the one with the government and the other aggainst it No organ ization in the world suva that of the Romish church would ever have dared to contemplate such on undertaking in that it practically menus a usurpation of governmental rights end authority But Rome is noted for this It was her in tentions in this relation that caused her to be ex pelled from Franco old to continue the same prasctice elsewhere must inevitably lead to similar results While this is taking place the Freethinker can hardly resist the reflection that a wondrous change has come upon the nations of earth Moved pro bully by the spirit of public independence and political rights now prevailing in Amiercia a sentiment that must grow stronger as tie days come and go men everywhere are imbibing the same spirit of material things and this means a slow but sure creeping into tilings spiritual as they termed We can surmise then that it is only question not a question fact when the entire system of Christian theology known by whatso ever name will bo completely eradicated and we must do our part in the good work that will hasten such a welcome day We may not enjoy it ourselves but our children may lint their hap piness is worthy our best efforts a a s THE SHOES THAT PINCHES MOST Professional theologians that is the class that see bread and butter in the teaching and propaga lion of worn out ideas do not take very kindly to the arguments offered by Bernard Shaw Aiul why should they To agree with him or to admit that he is right would be the death of their sys tem as opening the eyes of the people to the pal pable frauds they have been practising for genera Itioll after generation After all it may be said Shaw offers nothing new s iiiplfy hulling facts in forceful and emphatic language jlscientific a taking way with thinking people It newness of his discourses that attracts too much attention to please professors of Chris tutu doctrine Hit the pocket hook ofii preacher and you hit J sore and tender spot This is precisely what Shaw has done Diminishing collections are not pleasant anticipations With the cash will go a large protion if not allof the purarHia glor- yLi 1 No ono knows or realizes this better than the parr suns themselves While they oppose Shaw nndI deride him we eau hardly blame them when view ing the situation front a practical business stand point A man must live even though he be a parson and he probably forgets that there arc other and more honorable methods of obtaining a livihood It is not work he wants Simply a living lie wants that living to be a good one else he would not engage in the calling lie knew when he entered the profession that religious pro fessions are IIIc1ellsious und he coulll successfully lure the dollars from the pockets of the congregations and he felt he hllda cinch To lose the grip after once enjoying it to the full is warranted to make a mart feel sore mind disappointed and this is why the preachers have entered upon a fightI against Shaw and his philosophy The entire scheme behind all religious is that of personal gait No nom or wonfan over entered a church believing or thinking they believed without the selfish thought of gaining something thereby even if it should only be a seat in kingdom come livery prayer whether of praise or of thanksgiving every penny contributed every act performed is tainted with the selfish thought of some personal gain coming front it or as a result of it and the parson strives dilligently to en courage the notion but under false covering of pretend Christian duty Shaws asks his audience ore question which is both pertinent and timely le wasCan you coneievc God deliberately creating you if he could have created anything better By an inverse rule of questioning the Blade would ask any worshipper at the shrine of faith if miry god should offer a better reward than that alleged to be offered by the god of the Christian would you not immediately render him the s Price bestow your prayers and praise upon him give your cash to his agents or represent atives and abandon the god you now worship altogether Right here is the acid test of faith Christians would doubtless answer in the negative because they have so little real faith in the existence of their own god that they could not be convinced of the existence of any other greater or smaller as gods go Cut out heaven abolish hell and the motive for worship is destroyed Good and evil pleasure and pain have long been talked of as mysteries beyond the ken of moral man So apt and timely are Shaws argu ments on these issues together with the creative force whatever it may be that the Blade pro duces the following from him in full Now conceive of the force behind the universe as a bodiless impotent force having no executive power of its own wanting instruments something to carry out its will in the world making all manner of experiments creating reptiles birds ahimals trying one thing after another rising higher and higher in the scale of organism and finally producing man and then inspiring that man putting his will into him getting him to Remenibertyou arc not to I have made your hand to do my york I have made your brain and I want you to work with Unit aril try to find out the purpose of Ute un iverse and when one instrument is worn out I will make another and another always more andI more intelligence and effective One difficulty isI that so nuuiyof the earlier efforts of this world incounfpatibility between them and ntan man being himself as the result of early experi ments so that there are certain organs in your hotly which are perishing away and are of no use and actually interfere with your later organs Numbers of things which are at present kill hug and maiming us in our own organism have got to be evolved out of that organism and the 10Icess is painful Time object of the whole evolutionary process is to realize God that is to say instead of the old notion that creation began with a goda personal being who being perfect cert cd something lower than himself the aim of the New Theology is to turn that process the other WilY and to conceive of the force behind the un iverse as working up through imperfection and mistake to a perfect organized being having the power of fulfilling its highest purposes In a sense there is no god as yet achieved but there through us to become un actual organized exist greatsest COIWlivlI ecstasy ecstasy a an intelligent actually conscians of the whole anti with executive force capable of guiding it to a perfectly benevolent and harmonious end That is what we are working to When you are asked Where is God Who is God stand up and say Iarm Godund here is Golnot as yet completed but still advancing toward completion just in so miuch as I am working for the purpose of the universe working for the good of the whole of society and the whole world instead of merely lookng after my personal ends In that way we get rid of the old contradiction we begin to per ceive that the evil of the world is a thing that will finally he evolved out of the world that it was not brought into the world by malice and cruelty but by an entirely benevolent designer that hurl not as yet discovered how to carry out its benevolent intention In that way I think we may turn toward the future with greater hoper a PLAYS THE JOKER FOR JESUS Clubs are trumps Oh let us have a new deal Say you reneged on the last trick Whose got the joker I didnt see it played Dont accuse me of cheating I followed suit every time Isuss you hand the left bower under the table it aint fair Dear reader we are not trying to give samples of the small talk that naturally comes front a gambling salon The evils that emanate from card games when conducted for profits the false play accusation the resentment the fatality and the sufferings that follows all too common place to need comment Women have gone naked children starved men sent to prison and even to the sacflold because of the card table From time immemorial the incidents atcnding gambling have been brought to public notice and public indigna tion aroused until the church believing it could make a ten strike of popularity by denouncing the system began a crusade against gambling in all its forms Many good inclining people joined them in the fight Not because the church was ehaampioning the new cause hut becausci they believed the miovcmont to be right They too hind sum and some of them had suffered Statutes wqre cnactorl against thin evH anH Jlegi ation followed upon the top of legislation Public men took up the cry and with it rode into high public office Sermons galore have been preached again st card playing and the church fashionablcs have been trounced from the pulpit because of their inclinations to play bridge whist and euchre With all this before us what must be thought of any church or the pastor of any church whoi for the sake of profit mild in the hopes of drawing people into his empty pews should inaugurate v and engineer a monster euchre party at a sea side resort that he might rake in a barrel of money for the benefit of his church If as the clergy contend the little pieces of pasteboard are in ventions of the devil to lure the souls of men into hell it is very evident that the parsons who would be willing to engineer suck an undertaking is not averse to forming a personal partnership with that devil mid send the smils of men to hell that his church might get a few more dollars and as sure the payment of his salary So we have it that while some preachers are denouncing card playing by members of the congregation assert ing that sin and wickedness lurk behind the Jack of Hearts here comics the 11evIohmm Beselford pastor of the Church of the Nativity in Brooklyn who arranged and carried to a successful conclusion a game of progressive euchre at a resort known as Dreamland on Coney Islami at which we are told seYellt five hundred men and women clustered about the card tables and the dispatI dies say the euchre was in aid of his Glory to god in the highest and let the angels of grace defend us from the assaults of the devil and the flesh Assuming that the number quoted all played as only four could sit at a table itI would mean just one thousand eight hundred IUhlI seventyfive packs of cards What a rich haul for Satan x net How many of the congregation wiUI i1qyo headlong to ruin auld can look back say parson did it he tempted me and I feUtWhat a dompnstration of holiness and presumpt uous uUIT cnn inftigiue how the dear sisters and brothers would slum cards stack tie deck deal hands from the bottom1 ltollout the joker mid then acciwi leach fithcr of cheating But whats the odds 1TIIS it not for the glory of god and trIO parsons delight Did not Jesus agree to settle the bill No doubt the parson had an eye to business He could see the trend of modern church society lib was determined to utilise it by playing upon the whims and passions of his eon gregation and their friends As an innocent pastime the Blade can see no wrong in cardplaying end it does not take the preacher to task for his action in the direction indicated but it docs complain that the church which Las Vo bHcirly fditnounceld Icard i laying should take to it as a means of rosin the wind to fill the church treasury The evils that attend cardplaying comes front what uses are made of itI If money alone be the object there lies evil in the act This parson wanted nothing but money as it was for the aid of the church that he gave the monster euchre Now the question arises whnt will his brother parsons think of this being tainted money mind is cardplaying as a means ofraising cash sanctioned by the church or the scripturesThe 1tappears to us to be an ellort to play the joker for Jesus a WHY SOME MEN DONT ATTEND CHURCH For generation after generation the preachers have been loud in their complaints anent the re fusal of men to attend the socalled divine service and every trick strategy and artifice has been resorted to in order to induce the maseuHne gender to atcnd church mind shell out when the contribution plate is passed around The subject has been discussed until it is al most threadbare There is scarcely a liberal or Ireethought publication in the civilized world that Ins not dealt with it in sumo of its different phases And yet it is a subject that forms a constant source of annayancc and regret to the preachers They annoyed because the men will not attend despite their frequent appeals and energetic ef forts They regret their inability to drag the men in bemuse they realize they are losing a graft maid a good grab from large portion and in milnential portion of tIll community According to the Clarion a socalistfreethought publication of London England a Manchester clergymen Rev W Carey Walters became puz zled to know why the working men stayed away from his church Evidently his siren voice had failed to attract mid to charm The heworld had not been awakened to its sweet melody its song s of inspiration and of hell fire Anxious to learn the reason why he prepared five questions which he requested his bible class members to distribute among their fellowworkmcn with a view to curing personal answers there to Among the in L terrogatories propounded wereThe chief reason for keeping away from church and the general feeling of men towards Christianity the churches and their ministers The answers nvadc or at least sonic of them are calculated to give that inquisitive minister a lesson he will not forgot for many a long day Some of the answers were pithy and pointed The Clarion produces a mum her and Blade readers may nscertain from the following just what opinions are entertained by some English work ill gillen concerning the church and preachers generally Read Most of the sermons pr ached are built up too much on old ideas which men cannot reasonably accept It is doubtful if even the ministers themselves believe them The church does nothing to help us in our labor troubles Too mulch ceremony Parson talks dnl rot There is a distinct antagonism to Christianity as workingmcn understand it in this shop The finest and most christ lik0 men ore Materialists und Theosophists The acknowledged Christians lIe densely ignorant of the Bible and Christian doctrines The heads of our firm arc important people the religious world but their methods of business conduct of their employees is the re rse of Christian Consequently the men are not drawn to the churches Too much creed i too little Christ a a THE GOD IDEA Can man possibly have an idea of God In an article upon this subject by Frank Gold cuing well written and argumentative the writerI while qestioning Godns a personality proceeds to argue the universality of the godidea and traces it through all its supposed forms from the worship of mere attributes to the worship of persons as evidences of the existence of the socalled gol idea Only in a general sense that oft common understanding can it only be said that man can possibly have may godidea In a strictly technical sense there is no such thing as a god idea This may be plain language old there may be many inclined to take issue with the statement but the position is to us well taken In the fist place let us ask what is an idea The only answer worthy consideration is that an idea is an image or a picture reflected on the mind To conceive of this image or picture so to be capable of producing the reflection there must be something tangible capable of being sensated otherwise there can be no image or picture You use asked to think of a man an ani mal or a vcgitable a mountain or some foriegn cjountry in which you may never have traveled From what you already know concerning these Iidealities an range or a pcture ofsome kind is in stoutly formed or reflected upon the mind You arc asked to think of God Now what are ongoing to do What sort of an image what sort of a picture is reflected upon the mind No two pelsons can produce the sank or similar notions upon the subject God being incapable of sensation can admit of no image no picture and con sequently there is no idea of god and it follows that there can be no such thing as the godidea As we have stated if god exists we must either sensate him or we play infer his existence from known facts No man has yet been able to peep behind that veil of mystery and doubt as to bring god within range of his vision No mans sense of hearing ever been sufficiently acute to catch the slightest sound that would even indicate that it was an emanation from god The olfact nerve has not yet developed into that state when man can detect god by any odor Man reached forth both night and day for some friend ly hand to grasp but nothing came to his touch Nor indeed god tickled the human palate that his existence could be proven by the sense of taste To sensate god then is an impossibility practicaldernonshati0u Nature affords no revelation of deity and all that man can do is to gaze into the stream of time and Narcissus like fall upon his knees mud wor ship an image of himself In this Mr Goldening utters one truth when he declares that man has but made a god in his own image All that we can do is to trink of god if that be possible as being a huge Mint with the form of man and noel all the idea presented the image or picture reflected to constitute even an idea is that of ran mind it cannot be god No two Christians even of the same denomination if asked for a definition or to express an idea will present the same or simjlar notions concerning god This is a self evident proposition It arises from the fact that there is no gol Did god exist man would have some idea about him Man has no idea of god oulriogicl11consequently no god idea a a a Rockefeller has been giving away so much money that the legal limimiries have at last grown sus picious concerning his methods of getting it that he is now hauled before the courts in an effort to get at the secrets of the trusts a a a The Christian religion hers passed the experi mental stage and is now on the toboggan slide fOljgood Whole continents have tried and turned it clown r r i When orthodox science can weigh measure and t photograph thought we may begin to look for similar results concerning the soul Till then and not till then TTLETTER IS NOW EXPLAINED Brother Snow Tells of His Joke And How he Sent It For Publication Sam Small In Iowa DISSCUSSION ANENT CHRISTIAN RELIGION By A A Snow was obliged to you for tho compli ment bestowed upon mo by the pub OtheroSide I wrote a card to W Fletcher of Levity Texas stating that you hUll published his letter to U Wilkinson and states wrote him as did not know whether he took tlio Blade and thought he ought to know It in order to prepare for a slander suit He wrote back In a hurry didnt seem to take it as a Joke but acted as If he bewassaid he had not Intended to have It published and acted as if ho thought it was Wllknson that had published It I dont know whether ho will feel grieved after he learns the facts or not It turns out something like one of Robt Ingersolls jokes A sold for In the army came to him and said that he had dlarhea very bad and waited to know what he should do for It Ingersoll said Eat all the green corn you can hold few days the fellow came back thanking Ingersoll for his advice and stating that he had followed it and It curedI him Ingersoll concluded lie had best not Joko any more as It might have turned out fatally The people of Linevlllo employed Sam Small to speak for them July 4th at an expense of 300 I think witht a view of offsetting Infidelity and the way he sailed into Infidelity confirmed me In such views He quoted from Psalms JJ The fool hath said In his heart there is no God Great fools he said are called big fools but the Httelest fool one over runsIacross Is tho model They are such little fools that one Is tooling away 1his time noticing them like tho IIttoIfly on the hub of the wagon wheel when the wheel turns around it turns the fly with it and the little fly like tf 8the little fool Infidel thinks he is turn Ing tho whole wheel mid the soap 1headell Idiots that wero too very wise to read Tho Other Side supped It all down as If It was a wonderful grand point I had suggested through tho Tri 0 bune that their committee should irango for a debate between my i and Small And suppose that w Sflthe cause of his stating that the In 1fidel was too small for the Small Christian to notice Now this Sam t Small Is nn orator indeed hut when ho gets on religion he talks like an fIllotIHe associated anarchists with In fides as if there was no distinction between them Should associate Christianity with Polygamy It would be more fair because tho Bible which they say cannot err does teach poly gamy I distributed hundreds of my tracts Hear the Other Side to all who would say they would read them Those who would not say that Jot none I gave San Small one He thanked me and said he would read it read every thing he said every thing that Is good There IIhearI am writing the following for The LIneville Tribune which will with o a doubt be published next week heard Sam Small speak at Line ville the 4th and many remarked me that he gave me and Infidelity a most thorough trouncing One feature of the scene I thl was lacking I had no day in cow To those who think I was hyla enough represented and to the Prea chtheor himself I wish to make one p position He had stated that on fidel had taken sick and had paid o money in doctoring which he said was a punishment front God because deeds done on Sunday Now in the wide universe find no evfden CQtar that any God punishes any man working on Sunday And the pro position make is this A A Situahave In deposit 100 In the Farmer Bank at LIneville this will glvo arty man that will even give mo njquotation from the Bible Itself threntIonlng man for working on Sunday the first day of the week This pro position will be sent to Preach withIon dlvlnlt of tho Bible If accepted I will put 1500 copies of It in print at my own eXllenseIA A Snows store was burglarized July 4th while he was celebrating Llnevllle The burglars otter through tho ware room and hind draw- out a staple But so far nothing h been missed Either they got wit 0theyelse Providence like Orchard fume traitor on them concluding after a we were too Infernal laey to work any moro on Sunday than Christians usually do and so mode some ono pass Just in time to scare the burglars out Another pulpit He an appeal to prejudice ho got off which shorter lug up ran llko this A southern wo man was tempted eunuch by the Devil to so far depart from tint nnrnw way as to squander fifty cools to hear the tn fiddle an sIll called him Bob In lerRoll Finally at his close Bob held up lUri bible In ridicule and said Why I could write a better book myself When tlio std ladle jumps up and says Why thou Bob dont you do it if you did you would make more money than you eau In any other way He night have nddod that whiskey is bettor than San Smalls doctrine be cause It firings In moro money than Small can save in his life But till people will continue to lie gulled by this sophistry as long as they stub openly refuse to look on both sides I suppose that Small could make tter whiskey than Is on the market then why dont he do It for the money thats in 1t1 I will probably nnatg- rfo more advertising with you after the nights get longer Yours very truly SNOW PREMIER GLEMENGAY Continued from first page just a Roosevelt fascinates Americans They never can guess exactly whet ho will do next but they are sure it will be something worth while not know whether the President the United States plays cards The Premier of France Is a clever player and usually ho has n few trump cards us his sleevepoltUcal trump cardds The question is always as to how will bo played Threw days ago Clemonceaus enemies were conducting n funeral advauce They thought they had him this lime Had there not been a big agitation In the south over the allege- failure of the central government to prevent tho adulteration of Had not the mayors and magistrates In tho Midi flung up their offices Had the gendarmes fired upon the mob Had not n few soldiers refused obey the orders of their colonel an fraternized with insurgents Had not barricades beta erected in the streets and blood actually been Was It not the unbroken tradition the Palais Bourbon that n remi whoso subalterns had shed the blood French citizens must go Into oblivion Up to yesterday morning tins foes ot Clemenceau werp confident tin acalllas hall T of a dozen of tho opposition lenders In Parliament dangling at his orals In n ten lmur debate of almost procedented violence during tvhl the uproar spueals hoarse growls slumming of desklids and shrieking whistle of his foes made the chat her of deputies a beer garden Clemen ceau turned tho tables on them tered a magnificent defense of h policy In the Midi and his of Marcellns Albert and won a sweep Ing victory In the big vote of fidence awarded the minatory Cle accost got fame years ago as n dos troyer of governments He has shown of late how to maintain them There is no telling of course how ho will como out with the Income t bill Tlio measure Itself Is oat favor with the thrifty citizen who has his earnings or his profits In seta ties Whenever the project Is men iiiutchill Unlike tho British who sup port a rather drastic Income tax sys ittoed tree trade Inheritedd from Cobden the French seem to regard a tax Intones as tho Invention of the soelnllstsntPar ringing with cheers for Clomenccau champion of law and order against lieInitmittfreak down the cabinet inallwas a cry from his mayoralty at Mont orntartro at the outbreak of the muno to this triumph In Parliament the spokesman of republic When the time comes to write his tohialary the historian will record that most brilliant Preach radical sl c Gambettacarrled the chamber with him by a wonderful appeal for the ittcro e xm heiyCrbound conservative In the aHHomhlI could have stated the case more cogI for the preservation of gun r suttee of law and orderl ratmeeditiuinzryttstarving Mini It gave the premier lilt opportunity Ilitlano me blame ns of tho ministry Ilf you think you ought ho said turn b toward Aldy nnd tho opposition groups nut spare the army your re proaches Tie French array never ins failed to do Its duty Its Ideas are the noblest Its achievements till proudest justify every act of the officers nod troops In the Ihlltare glad to stand or toll with the army Terrific yells of npphiSo rut thtAt the height or what zoomed till climax of the eulogy of tho snag loan Inures socialist chief mill mitt ndllfnrlst whispered to M Tansies nod the loiter shouted You did not talk that wuy during commune when Generals nromte noel Thomas were shot under your very eyes lit Mont nmrtre The premier paused the chamber was hushed SI reaching his long fingers towards Castes and in a tone of solemnity such ns one uses when speaking of the dead Clemen ceau replied It Is a matter of public record n mater of history that arrived that day five minutes too late Had been there swear to you and to tho ofacommitted by tine execution of those two generals never would have been perpetratedmmtThat inures and Lashes should have opened the door for this rejoinder seemed nhnost inconceivably stupid as parliamentary tactics It was a moralI certainty that Clemencean would mate the most of the opportunity He Is at the best in the swift oI litduct of General him of DIo itsIrninofthe troops among tie disaffected Merldlonaux has been placarded throughout France at the expense of the state Clomenceaus royalist foes have IreIdieted that one day he would east aside all restraint std stand tenth n demagogue and nn anarchist HisI socialistic critics Jaures and the others have predicted that he wouldt vii1democratic movements Yesterday theysClemenceau understands the pulse beat of the French people letter than repnbd RESTof HIMo r SldDeath of William Bishop n tWell Known Freethinker and bycltBODY CREMATED AS HE HAD WISHED IT By Tea B Elliott IsIt is my painful duty to announce tithe death nnd cremation of my dear friend William IL Bishop of Sewoll N J on June 21st Ho was one ot In corporators of Friendship Liberal Len gee Philadelphia 1884 but loft them when the quarried lilt Christ Inns among themselves He was n member of Paine Memorial Association and Imngtshtt public Ills first born sort was named rlniter the distinguished Agnostic The Colonel sent to him ha photograph and Autograph which he prizes very highly Ho was horn of plows parents his father was the Itcv G F Bishop of the M E Church Bridgeton N J ills relatives so loved him handU o n falling to porscuro him to be born isagain and bo washed In tho Blood of Lamb they forsook him being un able to convert him or persuade him to burnt his infidel library or destroy the portrait of Col Ingersoll that hung in his library y1aou is against the Christian superstition will gladly add portrait of the 1man who will do so to my collection and give him n prominent place His favorite motto was Error may bo freely tolerated while reason Is len tree to combat it This wits his tstyeto those morals who sought to persecute the members of tho Lib ernl League for oplnlons they lie d upon socialism and other economic questions Ho led an active mid useful life died an honest mat He was one t f the first to join Cremation Club when It was organized nod his body wax cremated By his personal request Mr Haiinoii nod myself were requested to havo charge of the fun oral services enclose tho address of Mr HnnnoM which Is given below J Harmons Address My Friends It Is with Icollngs of ranch personal oiiiburniHHvuiit pause In silent presence of our dune departed friend to perform a brief tribute that hindi us nil in ono Xatutril herd of natural comnieminoratlon am well aware that no words of mine can nssag your grief and have no Intention to ment your sorrow by unnecessary de tail Death hilts birth Is a logical sequence nod nil must sooner or latin yield to Its Inevitable demands LIft is hilt a cold nod narrow vail between barren peaks of two eternities No lme ever realizes thin with greater kreness of Intellect are phil osophical than he who slumbers so peacefully hero today He forced every problem with n clew cut nod logical mind Ills whole Ilf was bounded by the laws of honorhls hopes iris joys and ambition were centered upon Iris domestic fireside and the happiest moments of Ids lire were spent the bosom o thIs fam ily Ills tolls were forgotten in directions of his home and anti the adversities of fortune hope point ed to his children for whose happiness he lived for whose loss our warmest sympathies are expressed If the actions of man is a guarantee salvation he has nothing to ten from tho future If there be ono there Is no future Ills character will ns an Index of his creed auc those who knew him best can testlr that he mode a heaven of this world T msime obeys vulgar conventionalities of the moll who worshiped at shrine of lhelmmnaminnimomi r u conscience by conformity with e prevailing superstition oi age lie was nut destitute of religion In noblest and best sense lie war In the grand Cathedral of NntI ore In all Its mlrlad forms He found humanecharacter He realized the inperfcc lions std pltlod the weakness of hlInature Yet hind nothing but callI tempt for the gilded hypocrisy that substitutes creed for character ant etuptytetrase priest or parson the dancing der and the Medicine Man front any hiltrticipatioimlife std debarred theta from any IlosI ttii Iiithaselected the few nniong his chosen friends to perform tho simple coreI monies that mark present obse gales And it is with feelings of reI sacattvisheect s red dust WHO MADE CODI Old byAskingof God By Frank Goldenlng reprodncedTimetho Ingersoll Memorial Beacon he writer says itGodis persalrhs claimommahs Isoa mystery because wo do not know any better goneTheretlon viz Whence tho idea ot God This Is a better than the former be cause It dues not beg the question t Issue In Its statement All of u admit there is nn Idea of God extant but all do not admit there is n per spool bung who all pawerhd etc Mankind almost universally believes In some laird of a God To this object or supposed object men how dew and offer worship build shrines altars pagodas etc And connection with those expressions of religion there are priests sacrifices and rites Does such a being really imagfanswered conscientiously In the land of Yezo Japan tho people wor ships their white post or blmreu stick the African Africa his pieta a wood or stone or serpent or other fetish the Hindu of India worships the force of nature represented by Brahma Vishnu Siva etc Many others havo worshipped or do war slip the sun moon and stars etc Tho 400000000 Buddhists worship Buddha who was onto n man and be camo dolly Great bronze statues of this nod are erected at Knmakiira and other places and n temple is set opal for worship in the base and body of the lunge The Hebrew has believed In and worshipped Jehovn or God for ages This God lie hllagI hues is a person and has attributes belonging to Ida as such But for ages this conception of dlety was cm bodied In spate torah In fact tho early history of thIs struggle between the idolatry or polytheism and titanic theism tlio former represented by Idols tho latter without them Abra haw broke away from Idolatry and set up a god of his own liking As wo consider the Christian system what do wo find Hero the god of tho Iew Is believed in and worshipped with two others viz Christ and Holy Ghost nod these three urn olioa mystery owing to our limited know ledge Christ la equal with God nnd my Father nro ore Ho tin hath seen me hath seen my Father etc Hone we see that Instead of the Idol a man is worshipped as GOIInn- advance surely so too HuiMlia Is Will shipped ns tutu and h also was a now who lived on this earth years B C In all these conceptions we see the workings of a law of progress the same ns In other matters God has ever been a changing quantity As mens knowledge In creased nnd their horizon widened their views of God have changed They have reared to fear the thunder rIngs lightening earthquakes etc cts the expressions of anger of God They are till simple outwork lugs of the toners inherent In nature As they have drawn nearer to each other as human beings and erased to hate each other because not Gods UavcIas as ence Who would believe In a God slaytwomen a ren Again who would accept suoli a God as worthy of homage that orderfupon These are the childish lipagines of the 1past Why should we cling to them cl1cu have felt compelled to create a now God for the times In which they have lived Docs not thisgprove tear elusively that the idea is from within mens own minds subjective a pro duct of the human imagination the projection of mans tears halucliia lion hopes nod aspirations In the past men have believed what others believe and expressed to them 1npan this subject without thinking mindsnhave been brought np to a certain point there they have remained statu quo nnd have oat thought the subject through to end The same 1may be said today of thousands mid tens of thousands of otherwise Intelli gent people It is not possible thereto the question who made God than the one given in this article For in stead of tho old traditional idea that God made man in his own tango which Is fiction it is absolutely and scientifically trop that man has ever node God his own tangs and likeness and attributed to him his own pas ShillS attributes mid thoughts This Is nil ho ever has done or can do or will do Theologians will not accept this icxplanatlon It will not be for tlielr interest The underpinning Is knocked out from their systems of bar lief And yet they all frankly ndmil- t that all tho arguments put forth to prove tho existence of God do not prove It at nil The ontological nrgu ment dons not prove It or begin to prove Nor dues till argument from design It Is a matter of specu la till pure and simple a product ot tie human mind The Bible Is such and the God of tie Blb1 comes iron the xuue xource GRASS ItLADR Publishers loin llJIUE st9tn runua t cru sN BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers 1000 BOOK for 100 Will mall on receipt of MO BLUE GRASS DUDE PnDlisliers Box Lexington The Free Speech Leaguetinvites correspondence cooperation and membership of all who claim rights and dare maintain them JOIN US HELP US GET OUR LIST OF BOOKS READ THENPASS THEM ALONG Liberty talks by Ingersoll Wakcman Walker Schroe der Pentecost Harrow Post and others Head Our Van ishing Liberty of Press live cents and also Do You Want Free Speech ten cents nod learn t WHY YOU 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