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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, June 30, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 blu1907063001 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, June 30, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. flff itvj r I t II3LIJE GRASSt BLADE A 1 ParkerWE AIM TO OUT DOWN ERROR AND ESTABLISH TRUTIIf mld Aahlaett EiOtM3LEXINGTON KY JUNE 30 190f Published Weekly5160 per Year in advance Volume XVI j t TRUTH CANNOT DO INJURY Great Teaching of Spinoza Retold with Splendid EffectParallels of Christianity in Older Creeds AN EXTRACT ROME BOOK fly 0 Brown Wo told with Sphwra that the truth cannot injure anyone if it is the truth Head the following collection and then express your honest opinion concerning the alleged divine origin of the Christian latest book A trip to Homo tho author Dr J Wilon says The British Museum is the greatest uhico ofall I spent tho whole day there and would hove liked to remain a month and I would write n book in that time for Freethought use Hero is the greatest collection of the relics of antiquity in nil the world I will only Jspeak of Tho Creation Tablets and hook of ctincsis wasImimo of Smith who had a genius for de ciphering hieroglyphics etc saute along mad easily translated them They are the very oldest accounts dating buck thousands of years prior to the oldest story of the Pentateuch These tablets were first made of soft clay and lettered by a wedged edged tool then tho clay was burned The tablets lire mostly in fragment but many are whole stud perfect Tho letter ing is wonderfully well executed rot much of it as perfect as the type of this book They were wiser than we in tluuh JlingIO put their records in Lethem clear distinct fa put ours on jnjpcjj sf r off these Tablets on a card Ill In English will give s1R Cthell1 condensed but enough to you where the Jewish story of creation cause from null tot prove tint the Bible is not tho word of any God In reading hcso accounts which I have theItench also condensed them See how plain scientific the Assyrian account stands out j The Assyrian Story of Creation In tho beginning nothing existed ex cept tho gods mod tho great deep A movement took place in the waters after which tho God Mcrodach founded the earth Ho next created man and beast nnd tho great rivers of Babylon and he founded also the cities of Nip pur and Erach together with theid tem ples Then Medrodach created the sun moon and stars and simile them to be the abodes of the gods and fixed their courses Ho next divided tho year into twelve months Ho trade the sun to rule the day and the moon to rule the night and determined the duration of their phases fa Tho Story of the Deluge Tho Hero of Gilmanish the story of his escape from the deluge the gods in this city determined to send a upon tho earth to destroy it but EA one of their number warns TsilNapish tim of what had been decreed stud bids him to mako a ship in which to save himself and his family He ordered him to take into the ship with him ing creatures of elI kind said counsels him how to tutswcr the men of his city when tiny ask him concerning his work TxitMapishtim therefore built a ship with stories cud divisions and pitched it within without cud stored it with food He next placed there his rVfnmily surd his nossessions find all kinds of birds and beasts and at a certain by tho command of Sham ish went into it and shut the door and gave tho lnunandof tho ship to PuzurBel The flood decended and destroyed mankind trt and the gods lied to heaven in fear Tire waters increased for six days and six J nights but boost to situate on the shiptrestedinter TsitNnpishtim sent forth a dove i1 findingtjno next sent forth a swallow which tJHO returned and finally a raven which that the waters hall bated canto I1jeIin back Then TsitNaplshtim camo from tho chi and made an offering tto tho mountain i1 r unlguttluered fjffjis fiUed with wrath at tho escape t j of TsitNapishtim hut his anger being appeased by tho gods Ninip nnd Ka he bestowed divine rank upon him and his family nnd allotted them a habitation at the mouth of the river Euphrates The Story of Moses Condensed this tablet reads Tho birth of infancyof Sarcon Sarcon was brought forth in secret nnd was put by his mother in an ark of reeds smeared with bitumen which she set floating on the river Euphrates Akke a waterbearer found the child mill reared him until the goddess Ishtar having seen him loved him and made him King over the laud The Original Jesus The tablets which records the story of Christ reads in part as follows Merodach on account of hU victory over Tlianet the Evil One and of his creation of tho heaven and the earth for which works ho received the title Lord of tho Universe his father rejoiced thereat and gave to him additional honors and bestowed upon him his own name Ea together with the power and dignity whirls belonged to it Had I space and time I could give you much more but I have written here tho chief events in Biblical history The Creation tho Deluge the storyof Moses und tho story of Christ Toy should bo valuable reference to you in an argument upon tho subject of cre ation Remember that these tablets are tho oldest records wo have of tho human race tho very first recorded print in ex istence that in tho story of Tho Cre ation mention is made of having found ed tho city of Nippur Late excavations of Nippur have shown unmistakeablo dates and records pointing back 12000 years so these tablets were written previous to that time It nutty stave been many thousand years previous Anhow these the tablets are in beauti indlength cud as plain and uniform as the tpyo you are reading There is also u tablet recording tho story oLthii Garden of Eden d the s tight bet n tho I jnd tltc uwrnit counts report on the foj upon medicinolnd laws soothsayers auuVastrologers contracts records of build sale of estate sale of barley loan of sheklcs of silver loan of money with interest of twentyfive per cent com mercial documents report of ustronomi sal observations letters to the King porting the vernal equinox one report ing an unsuccessful observation of the moon a letter to the King from Nibi Lrbi concerning the eclipse of the sun and one also concerning the eclipse of tho moon and tho direction which the shadow travelled There wero hundreds of such docu ments in the cases showing tho very advanced thought of these people thou sands of years before we have any his tory of tho Jewish race and it ought to bo plain to any one where the Jews got their history of the creation their deluge and Moses and where the modern world got its Christ There is their story of Christ in the very plainest kind of print on tho tablet in the British Museum dating back beyond the de struction of Nippur over 12000 years ago Auyone can see it for himself THINKS SOUL HAS WEIGHT Dr Macdougall Tells Of Experi ments At Death From a Boston Dispatch That tho human soul has a defin Ito weight which can be determined when It passes front the body is the belief of Dr Duncan Mncdougall a reputable physician of Hnverhlll Ho is at the head of a research society which for six years has been exper imenting In this field With him ho says have been associated four other physicians Dr Macdougalls object was to leant if the departure o the soul from tho body was attended by nny man iestatoion that coujd bo recorded by any physical means The chief means to which resort was made was the determination of tho weight of a body bcforo ater deaths Tho method followed was to place a dying patient in bed upon ono of of tho platforms of a pair of scales undo expressly for tho experiments and then to balance this weight by placing an equal weight In the oppos Ito platform These scales wero cost structed delicately enough to be sen sitive to a weight of less thins one tenth of an ounce In every case af Continued on fourth Illr I jvJII t OF WHAT USE ARE CHRISTI V CLERGY Their Legitimate Function Admits of No Discussion but Their Title to Tejching is Drawn fromSelf lone Dy Cohen In another well written article In tho London Freethinker the writer saysWhat is tho place asks Canon Hensley Henson which the Christian clergy ought to hold In tho general life of the nation to which they aro accredited persons may bo a matter of dispute To tho outsider It would seem that hell authorisation to play tho part of teachers comes entirely from themselves but tho part that is or ought to be or might be played by the clergy in our national life is a question that concerns everyone For directly or Indirectly wo are all compelled to support them and both directly and indirectly wo all feel tho results of their existence No body of men as numerous as are tho clergy and appearing In a public capacity could bo without somo effect on life whether the effect bo goo Lor bad What Is the legitimate function of the clergy does not admit of much discussion The real and only honest function of tho priest whether In savage or civilised times Is that of an Intermediary between man and supernatural forces It can aLflinphasled that this Is tho ho priest T jou religions notabl of the Ro iIsluthsurch Among moro modern boUieau is to bo seen In tho ex pressed belief of tho Angllclan clergy that tho candidate for the priesthood Is moved by tho power of the Holy Ghost and In tho call of tho dls senting clergy to tho priesthood It Is the ono quality that the prloathoood of all times have in common all else Is a mere addition assumed by tho priest because of this primitive oc cult function Divorced from this function the priest stands on tho foot ing of an ordinary citizen and Is to be judged front tho point of view of simple social utility But putting on clergy1ndcontains a large measure of truth tho belief in the occult power of the clergy is practlcallly defunct No In telligent person believes that tho in itiation of a man Into the ministry gives him any greater Knowledge of or control over cosmlcal forces than would his apprenticeship to a handi craft And for this reason the clergy aro driven to assume certain functions which are not theirs by right and which as a matter of fact they aro qualified to perform So much for what tho function of the clergy ought to be although not many of them would admit as much Canon Henson says tho clergy are primarily charged with tho task of teaching and exhortation As a mat ter of historic fact no for oven though teaching and exhortation have- for long associated with their functions their selection for these tasks was dependent upon tho belief that thoy possessed an occult info ence dented to ordinary men What tllo function of tho clergy Is Is also clear Canon Henson says Experi ence in many lands and in almost every age tends to show that tho fault of clergy as a direct influence in politics has been that of servility to the reigning political force whatever It may bo and ho also refers to the Socialistic sentiment now current In the churches as merely an Illustration of this great law of official parasi tism which has prevailed In history That tho clergy have at all times with very rare excolltionsllltlllered- to tho political force that happened to bo the most powerful so long as It was not directly and avowedly the plainest and bestsupported truths of history Their attitude upon tho recurring questions of peace and war ser es as a good Illustration of this Tin Innumerable sermons preached on the unchristian and essentially bar barfc nature of war during tho peace pro agandajust before tho South Afr an war only threw into greater list nctness the unanimity of tho cler y in fanning the warflame dur ig that outbreak During both per ads they were not teachers but ech es mad although they exhorted the exhortations took the direction of imfflng an already overinflated and Immoderate sentiment Instead of cou selling wisdom and moderation ud his too was only an Illustra tion of the law of clerical parasl tlsn a phenomenon so constant that theije Is scarcely a single social or po litical movement which has not been originally ignored or opposed by the clergy and afterwards supported when It had attained respectable dimensions There are indeed two causes for official parasitism of the clergy TfiejJ first is that tho clergy as clergy and in a civilized community at least are by nature parasitic They carry out useful purpose that could not bo performed equally well in the char actot of an ordinary citizen They are 10 tIv politic chat a rudimentary orgadual organls fact couliieu wlisf VnytK s1 primitive Junction of miracle u In virtue oLwjjlch theyonco ruled Vttes them peculiarly dependent onthe popular good will Hence The pandering to the prejudice of the moment as a means of retaining their hold upon the people Nor is this all With the decay of their proper function the clergy have played to the gallery for an audience But they have by no means Ignored the stalls and boxes On tho contrary while they have postured for the netertalnment of the former their performance was intended for the benefit of the latter As Canon Henson says they have been servile to tho domlnent force whether It may have been absolute government autocracy aristocracy or constitution They have been the hereditary warks of vested interests and class privilege Their training of tho mind was only the preparation for the ex ploitation of the body And the manner In which tho privileged classes and tho clergy have gone hand In hand tho way in which ono has en couraged religious belief among the people while the other has preached obedience to authority content mont Under Injustice are phenomena full pt significance to such as read history aright Thus from both causes the clergy have been Impelled along the lines of playing to tho pas sions of tho moment First because their welfare Is dependant upon the success with which they can gain the support of tho moro powerful If sinister interests In tho State and secondly because the only way they havve of making their advocacy worth purchasing is to demonstrate tho ex Istanc of a large following among tho mass of tho people Judged from a purely social point of view the existence of tho clergy ns an organized hotly Is wholly withoout be quito fair to say they contribute nothing to any of tho arts or sciences as the reply might be made that this Is not their function But as regards moranls and rellglon wo aro surely meeting the modern clergy on heir own selected ground Yet wham are tho facts So far as rellglon U con cerned almost If not quite all nut we know of tho real nature origin mad development of religion is due to tho Labors of people outside their ranks While tho clergy havvo stood forward as tho only accredited autM on religion others have stoll forward nnd In defiance of clerical exposition taught tho world all that knows of tho true nature religion Tho efforts of tho whole o the clergy as a body has been giver to hiding suppression or when tilt was not possible minimising or Mtorting tie truth of tho matter The Influence of the curgy on ethic Is equally clear sand Ono need only consult any accessible tory of morals to seo fov insignifi cant is the part played tho clergy In developing a scle of ethics They have Invariably f led as a vie tory lilY thesis that ed at demon reducinghutun Is hardly moro pralsworthy They- havvo of course taught the common forms of the common virtues vir field of actual teaching their record tues which in some form at least are condemned by note and praised by all But they have generally nored thoso finer developments of character upon which a healthful plication of the common virtues depend with tho result that failure is written all over their efforts Centu ries of power and authority havo not enabled them to make tho people un der their control conspicuously truth ful honest sober or Industrious Such success as they have met with has been far more In tho direction of causing people to refrain from bad conduct through sheer moral coward Ice than as an expression of healthy moral development It Is Indeed too often forgotten that an outward con formity with accepted ethical stan dards may bo as much duo to a defi ciency of moral character as It Is to strength of conviction Of tho clergy themselves perhaps the less said the better Still it may bo safely said that as clergymen and I am not concerned with them In any other capacity their general standard of conduct Is as low as that of any other educated class of tho community If it Is not lower Mr John Morley onco said that tho morals of tho An glican clergy were generally on a level of those people who could see no harm In swindling a railway company or defrauding the revenue Thero really was no need to single out tho Angli can clergy since tho same qualities characterize all In their general deal Ings in tho treatment of opponents In tho circulation of false statements in tho art of saying ono thing and meaning another or of taking payment for preaching one set of doctrines and teaching another the clergy prac tice a code of morals that would not not be tolerated in the professional world and which would in business ruin a mans credit Catholics and Protestants Episcopalians and Dis senters are alike in this The largo portion of the sectarian press devoted to disproof and counter charges Is evi deuce of its widespread character And the fact that such conduct Is taken as a matter of course as what ont ought to expect Is proof of the real Influence of the clergy In their capacity of public teachers anotherYpresence ly thousand educated men honestly t tag i- nSuelfil remedy advo their conjKntratiori of atten wouldbesuch an army to direct attention to any pressing social or political or edu alonebeof a satisfactory solution As It Is such solutions as are found have to be sought In tho teeth of prejudice and opposition largely fostered by clerical Irruptlonthosoblttentesseshonesties that make public life well DenconsfieldIs orheavenbishops So ono might say that the regulations of life would bo a tolerably simple affair but for tho Influence of our self elected moral guides and counsellors NOTES ABOUTVALLEY FORCE Interesting Reminiscence of the American Revolution Brought From History James B Elliott It Is Indeed gratifying to note the fact that we have in tho U S Senate one who has studied history of tho Revolution and was not unmindful of tho service of Thomas Pnlno and tho days that tired mens souls at Valley Forge and so he is ono of tho possible candidates for President he nutty yet be able to give Thomas Valises name a place where it be longs or at least remove the stigma that Teddy has placed upon it There aro two factions struggling for supermecy at Valley Forge Tho Religious under control of Rov Mr Bulock who have erected a chapel upon the site of where Washington was found In the snow In a prayful attitude and tho stained glass dows attest the face with pictures Ono wlndoy was christened by a Bishop trout Virginia tho Rov HoLt A Gibson Tho words inscribed are To the glory of God in honor of the unfallen heroism tho Father of his Country mud tho bravo Virgin ians who so falthfuly stood by him In this Valley Not a word about Thomas Paine or tho Rov Jacob Duclic first chaplain of Congress and the Coutentlal Army who wrote to General Washington at Valley Forgo Continued on Page 4 1 rtr ukl ECONOMY Individual Economy Before and Superior to Political Economy SELFGOVERNMENT PRIOR AND SUPERIOR TO STATE GOVERNMENT By D Webster Groh f Like the bigoted selfrighteous Chris tian who claims himself saved and his opponents vile luell doomed sin ners a recent paternalistic Bladewriter showed his abundant brotherly love comradeship and respect for others equal rights by saying his opponents were ignorant as a suckling calf braying donkeys exposing their ig norance etc all of which strong par r ternalistic argument wo cordially recip fi rocate as it applies a thousand Cold1imoro to himself IHis Political Economy definitionsi t explanations and conclusions are clear as mud He who knows and practices wlorallyPolitical Economyi c other peo 9 1lifeare prodigal They resort to expensive lpastimes sports amusements r smokes booze dope etc in order to whilo away the precious time that others gladly spend in productive dustry and then want those other inJdustrious economical people to share out ti their life savings with them They i claim the social system is all wrong while it is largely themselves that have M gone wrong liko the drunken manjlJwho thought only himself sober everybody else drunk 1crallythan twelve ents per 021 per year for it and many spendI 1IJannv s j beer vcraftaftvhiskeyetc Hut even only per year is the in terest at 0 per cent of every year And as money on interest with the in terest reinvested yearly doubles itself in less than years this 0 yearly to bacco expenditure in the first twelve years would thus invested amount to more than cash Besides as he who 1 borrows at 0 per cent usually so invests it as to make moro than that rato outeof it else he would not borrow tobaccoi tusers could probably realize a very much larger per cent out of their tobacco money by using it themselves in much moro prfitablo ways thus perchance doubling it in half the time or once every six years which rate in sixty years would make over thirty times the amount figured below Figure it out for yourself and see if Im not rightus credible though it seems In the next twelve yean this 100xcash put on interest would double itself making 200 cash while the twelve years tobaccochewing money during that time would again mako another which added to the 200 icasts equals 300 cash in twent four years The next twelve years the 300 cash would again double itself making 000 cash which added to this twelve years tobacco money of would equal 700 cash in thht six years The next twelve years this 700 cash would again double itself and nuke 1400 cash while this twelve years to bacco money added thereto would equal 1500 cash in fortyeight years The next twelve years this 1000 cash would again double itself making 3000 rash which added again to this twelve years tobacco money would make 3100 cash in sixty years enough to buy a fine home So ho who chews or smokes but twelve cents worth of tobacco per week in sixty years chows up and spits away or puffs away in tobacco smoke a 3100 home And ho who uses twenty cents worth per week in sixty years virtually destroys a 0200 home as well as his health brain and reasoning power be ho who spends for tobacco beer etc ten times twelve cents per s many do in sixty years virtually worse than throws away ten tunes 3100 which equals 31oooa bounti ful fortune And then ho rrwantssavings with him and talks Political Economy instead of individual econ omy to throw people oil tho right track and make them believo his wretchedness in tho fault of others Instead of lllllHClf t ii r r 9ItW j 1A 1r f I f i tiUf1L Ti = BLUE GRASS BLADE Published at Lexington Kentucky Every Sunday Founded 1884 to uphlaJAMES E HUGHES EJltor and Publisher SUBSCRIPTION RATES By malt postpaid 150 year in advance Five new subscribers sent with one remittance at 100 per year each Trial subscription 15 cents per month All orelgn subscription postpaid 200 per yeear ADVERTISING RATES ALL ADVERTISEMENTS of whatsoever character cepted will be published at the rate of 100 per Inch per month unless by special contract when other and better rates will be quoted upon appllci tlon The publishers have the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the sul crlption has been paid up in advance The MAKE ALL money orders drafts checks etc la nbe ctoJAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky us till kvrwill facilitate collection tk SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER cha iw his or her uddre aavlse this office giving both old and new anu Xthe Blade will be sent to the new address a THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 12C12 1 North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE it entered at the Vostcflke at Vjviintoi Kentucky as second class mailing matter t ADDRESS ALL COMMUTATIONS TO THE BLU1 GRASS BLADE P O Box 393 Lexington Ky km address slip on the paper will show subscribers t the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent asked for upon rene al in case of dlscontlnuanci Make work your worship r r Truo genius often gets lonesome Perfection can only exist in dreams The mad rush of life is the pace that kills Prayer alone can never open heavens portals unto man r Most men are tending the other directionin and dont want heaven The extent of human salvation is measured b rt the size of the contribution r a 1j The brain of one man concicves and creates r drlmt the reward falls into the cash box ofanother j There are few omen in the world who really he hove that silver lining story until the cloud turns f over l jjA1flween Evev tfi to tIle formwhich that worshIp frl shall be dons 4 When religious presumption and tyranny shall be utterly destroyed and the race made free then man will worship man and lie will cease to wor ship God with all the attending trinQ111ngsl r r t lttJmrt to think that the Almighty made man in own image and then have that image part itiJ his hair in the middle and his name on the side is a downward backward step calculated to bring It on another and perhaps more perilous flood a r a Our large cities are crowded with costly churches which raises their golden spires as if to part the in clouds and yet beneath their very shridows little children must steal and starve while thousands of women are compelled to choose between death and dishonor Fearful result of two thousand years of Christ Hell could produce no worse a r r liThetactics adopted by the church to crush those who question or who dare to differ are making Freethinkers by the million The day has gone J by when men of intelligence will close their eyes k J and open their mouths to swallow every foolish assertion made by clerical fatheads These very f methods prove that their faith is woefully weak t or their very lives are brazen frauds t r a r The city of Peoria Illinois has honored Ingersoll the unveiling of a monument reared in that h ifwith to the memory of the Great Apostle of human I liberty and peace but in so doing it has honored lfJ itself more The people of that city have demon If t sctrated their absolute indifference to the accursed 1waves of Christian calumny The world will yet admit that Ingersoll did more than all the preach ers of his day to nerve the Eagles wing for its imperial flight r r r r Thousands of heathen in foreign lands are minus bibles and thousands of heathens at home are without bread It not bread of better help than bibles could possible beg In spite of this any fraud can build a little turnpike of his own alleged to be leading direct to heavens gate and he can soon gather about him a crowdof sanctified nonentities who will soon strive to heat him at his own game This is the way of ortodox religion rued it does not appear to be capable of change r r r a The bible is a fruitful source or snake and fish stories replete with dreadful tales of ghosts and It goblins of giant and chimera dire but the bear story as given in the experiences of Elisha takes the calm for its atrocity The eating of forty children by two shebears did not appear to affect h him much for wo are told that ho looked back upon them and cursed them and for this the Chris t tians give him an opera bcuffe ccrtificat of true Christian Charity Little by little we are catching up flit the r t r Blade and in two weeks more we hope toave it caught up with the date again Our reads wi1ll have received four or five issues in rnthoirapu succession and we arc mow striving to go evei with the date Almost insurmountable 1JaclesI have confronted us W have fought againstrroa odds Few complaints were made The manit of our subscribers seemed to understand the tna tion One or two wrote to us about it A sladv increase in the cost of paper and printing mahjials shorter hours for prirters which menus an ill nsl in wage rate all tended to keep us back nn still holding our own however but as the wiloi season approaches we want to get the lifo a larger number of readers Will you helpV r We want more men and women with count1 to do and dare Y c want men and women to Jorl in humanitys great cause We are not undcran obligation to find a heavenly grace for every alsi god that is shattered by the Blade We ltUIOt have to furnish a saint for every sinner held to scorn and contempt For every old falsolwi felled to earth a new truth will arise and his we find our greatest work Let us make UI nn army of brave men and women who are wiling to engage in Freedoms fight and then the wrl will jump by leaps and bounds 1 r r f Let us trust that the day will soon conic oIL blessed dawn when intellect will stnnd upon the grave of orthodox faith Then and not till hen can Americans become a band of brothers theholl- cern of one being the concern of all Only U11itlns could sustain the world upon his mighty shoullei hut we have none in these days equal to the ttsl Religion and politics have combined to curs the world and the former deserves abolition the rttll a thorough reformation r r r r GOD AND HIS STORM Death and destruction marked the course of a recent storm in Atlanta during which church s were wrecked and shattered and these building though in different parts of the city appear to have been shattered most The same issue of the paper the Atlanta Joiirna sent us by a friend gives an account of Iour churches ruined by lightening andstoriui which makes the matter even worse andas suggested disproves the Christian assumption that the chI roh is built on a rock This brings up an old argument of a mere ful and loving deity in whose hands the destinies of mankind art held To destroy 1sa Jner alike with inntion it mintollewiuiE eyccIoiie li schoolboy waicifrrrg the yra Ions of a top nay watch full but certainly does noting to prevent cvcuTTfhe does not promote We aye forced to the conclusion that if God does exist he was born in the stupid brains of negroes along the peer Nile and from thence oer spread the planet ike a foul pestilence Christian preachers and advocates are wont to perceive the laity in every good act To them ic is the acme of loving and sweet perfection All werful Directs and guides all He is in the perfume of flowers In the moonlit aisles and the songs of birds lIe is in the golden dawn and crimson setting of the western sun If god makes all and is over all he is also in the cyclone the storm fire and sword in pestilence and famine To be in all things he must take the bad with the good To be powerful over all things he nlust ccept the responsibility Assuming the Christian argument to be true he is or was in the storm that wept over Georgia metropolis and guided its course towards the temples that hud been erected in his name If he sought their destruction pure and simple he made an exceptionally clever shot here is no knowing his motive if he had one It iay have been just for the fun there was in it One other hand as he is said to love those whoa c chastcncth he might have been giving a prac ical demonstration of his extreme fondness fore people who worshipped therein Again the ongregatious might have been displeasing him and he wanted to inflict punishment upon them As e had no telephone communication to enable a direct confab he adopted those means of nuking liem acquainted with his feelings in the premises any event when the Christians argue for a merciful kind and generous godwhile pointing to these disasters and trhgedies they bring their theo logical ducks to a Leaving such budmalketI ivy are more readily lis inctions A temple is as liable to be struck dtjwn br a levinbrand as a lawdy house u saint Just- as liable to fall under it itS a sinner Neither tornado or earthquake turn aside from a crowted- city to spend its force Upon some barren waste We11 may it be said that b natures laws we lived by natures laws we ait Tis they which hold the stars in the eternal coats s and send the planets rolling around the sun forevVr True indeed the catnstrop that befell Atlanta does not disprove the exists ce of the Christian deity but if he does exist it MOWS him a demon ITe is not only a monster but is estitute of wisdom is only by uceasing strum les that the racct rises to higher planes of existo ico and every step we take in the upward march f nl gets further be hind until he is finally left in te starting place ofI iimau ignorance The furtherWe tread the hater can we do without him lfaduuiuui remained in tbe Garden of Eden he would IM been u elm np Jil always Now that he is compelled to do battle life to strive with the beasts of the field wit disease with hunger and the terrible powers the elements he continues to grow in strength wisdom until in every truth he becomes the netuu Lord of Creation David is reported to have that a certain person had said in his heart tIiei is no God but the Blade cannot see in so far cyclones and human calamities are concerned David has in any sense bettered himself Vhleth the laws of Nature like Topsey jst growed whether they were framed by a divine legislator- their operations are one and the same and it upon their immutability that all modern scieh has been built The Christian is entitled to all the consolation can get for the destruction of the quartette churches in Atlanta but he will have a hard praising god for sending such a disaster upon RELIGION A COWARD That a college training adds to a reverential ing toward god on the part of the thinking is the latest offering of selfish conceit upon the alt of religious faith The suggestion is an emanation from the of Dr Phillipson of Cincinnati in a recent laureate sermon preached before the Ohio University at Columbus As was to be in such an instance the preacher took for his jcut the Harmonic relation of science and and from such a title we can infer enough It a natural effort to save his creed from because of the strenuous weaning that follows higher education In the first place the very subject implies a agreement between science and religion In second place it is only religion that is forever ing of harmony On this subject science is out It follows its appointed course brings the knowable into the realms of the known and not what gigantic errors are exposed It is as different as regards religion as it is concerning individual Science can make facts It strates them It does not undertake to make fact for the laity and another for the benefit those who get their bread and butter by preach the gospel or orthodox faith When the fact made known it is given to all and those things have theretofore stood in the way of truth stand aside or be made to suffer by contact No fact has been given more perfect tion than that the spread of education has cued religion in every aspect material as well uul Education does not mako for humility makes the possessor in his knowledge of things that are and enables him to draw the hJtween them and the thtyirsJMt iirjtnot of causing an increasing removes G tress not a creature made tumii and this at the veiVmt uir urmgs u and immediate conflict between education and ligion and leaves science the conqueror of all Assuming that a perfect harmony did exist tween science and religion that very hm1110n would be capable of demonstration It would be miade a matter of common knowledge jan do without religion It is Netter off religion On the other hand religion needs the of science to keep it from falling nto public favor and disrepute For these reasons pursues its course independently Heligion is ever seeking a truce a patched peace opposed and condemned science It put to death cry intelligence which sought to promote and mdgate it Steadily and persistently ploddedulong gave practical demonstrations ill socalled divinely revealed religions were lable frauds and now religion turns face about seeks to adopt science as its very own and ain there is no discord In his heart of hearts Dr Phillipsou knows is not the slightest harmony between science religion Science knows no God Religion have one The arguments sought to he made religion as an arrant coward afraid to move There is much force in the suggestion that the nec for bread and butter is a greater incentive than love of God and instead of being moved by spirit Dr Phillipsou was moved by the teed grub Religion exists on miracles and martyrs the lust it has plenty Of the latter galore so is gold reaches the pocket The former arc uatings of false prophets the latter are made of fools When science grew strong miracles appeared and religion went with them cannot exist without miracles A religion miracles is worse than useless Even with t is of no value to mankind Dr Phillipson this but he dcclncs to tell it To do so to draw front his source of wealth In the cud night have to work Necessity impels honesty and Dr Phillipson needs protection His faith must bo sustained at cost and science is relied upon to serve that end No fact has been better demonstrated than whcn science steps in God takes a hack scat hus been true since the age of science dawned tho earth It will continue so for all time A univC- lsally scientific people would know not god would be no need for him All that now remains God is that much of the physical and material verso unexplored by man God is simply the known Every step in knowledge Every fact brings the unknown into the realms of known und God gets less mild less Both nd astronomy have done away with god sciences have exploded the bibical theories and tho god notions that have exist in the brain of AU thu earUilore and solar explorations yet to II 1 p ict ff 4 into the realm of the known will still prove in the economy of the CATHOLICISM AND EDUC instruction is the method of universeII by the leaders of the America as a means of the end that child of Catholic parents stay not grow up out r an exemplification of the old doctrine that can retain control of the education of a it becomes of more mature age capable even to a slight extent no mutter what of him in after life the evils of supersti foundroot in his heart and the influences early training will last him through all f to be effective must be secular and It must teach the universe as it is give fanciful religious theories concerning must not be religious or nonreligious The course to pursue is to ignore religion Quigley of Chicago a Radish pre a number of Catholic educators in recently said system must be Catholic not at all a com with any other systennexclusively and Catholic We must give our whole hearts to this work Catholic education is neces the preservation of the church and for the of the nation itself must strive to keep it aloof from the inter of outside systems It is the only Christian in the world and it is the Catholic sys education that s going to save the worldIsave it from contamination we must not interference by legislation presume the advice is all right from a purely standpoint but is certainly unAmerican underlying all education is that the shall first be taught to become good without regard for this or that church or re institution Upon such advice as that above children are to he instructed solely with a muking them the devotees of a religious Ululcitizenship is but an after considerationIcitizenship is to be to fjI dmovement docs not belong to Catholics alone world is equally as obnoxious in of education Both factious realize the vnlueIand the desire to manufacture material priests and clergy to operate upon leads a meddlesome interference with our public of education what does Archbishop Quigley menu when We must not allow interfereuc by legJslaj 1 Would ho advocate that the r set ffiitutcqthe statutor Bfl2t education would he dare t1 rill by refusing to obey the hu s bo made for out class alone as aj anus u i different classes where the line of demarca Lbrought of a religious character Maw is en all It must operate on all alike When will has been expressed through legis whether it be merely theory or all must become subservient to that one class of citizens cannot be permitted to law whether by chicanery or by open act A Catholic parent may perfer to the education of his child in a parochial than send him to the public school his plessed privilege to do so but there is sect in this country that is to openly and wilfully resist legislative iiitwith religious instruction when theIfully determined that such instruction to the public welfare Quigley speaks bold enough in front but he would not tell the same tale Sam it and have the latter really believe that STATUS OFHARRY ORCHARD by Will Daly a few weeks ago the world is now nil agog over the physical fate of Jittery Orchard the star wit the l1a wood case now on trial at Boise alleged conversion has brought them condition of apology and explana numerous black crimes to which Orchard himself guilty stumps him as a felon of the most hardened type a very devil forma Vet true to Bible teachings he beyond the pale of salvation He is en all the benefits of Christs crucified hill Vile sinner as lie is and was there is him so long as the lamp holds out to burn taught probably in his childhood that his sins be scarlet believing on Jesus they washed and mode as white as snow Then was gladdeed with the consolation that was created in heaven over one sinner and was saved thaai over ninety and are righteous Considering the enormity crimes confessed to by Orchard committed then the joy in heaven over his conver ultimate salvation must be beyond des religious papcrsare discussing his spiritual There is no question as to h is responsibility statutory law The advocates of re seem to be hopelessly divided us to to evade responsibility even in the the forgiving god they pretend to wor Presbyterian Banner of Pittsburg speak the religious press as a whole admits that feel somewhat reluctajit t to iiJI make much X H67 j I 4rt1 L kw = 14 = LA Ii t Orchards alleged conversion and for very reasons Failing to find argument from a point of view of Orchards right to be Iover converted and his right to all the clemencies evasion of responsibilities therefor the Banner saying nothing as to how Orchard should in the eyes of the law gives the following r as its view of the religious aspect of the case Accepting the sincerity of Harry Orchard in his confession as with our present light we feel bound to do he presents another marvelous in stance of the forgiving power and transforming grace of our Lord Jesus Christ That he is drip ping with blood and covered with infamy does not in the east shut him out as a penitent from the throne of mercy Skeptical men of the world may sneer at this and say it turns our religion into an absurdity but we know it is the glory of the Gospel of Christ that he can cleanse the vilest sinner and the wickencst criminal into purity and peaceIIarry Orchards confession docs not wipe out his wicked ness of release him from paying the penalty of his crimes but it enables God to forgive him and make hint a new matt And as to penalties we leave that matter to the authorities of the State to the mercy of God This is in strict accord with orthodox teachings and the Banner is to be commended on its candor There is no warrant in the teachings of the Christian religion for turning Orchard down and keep ing him out of heaven though he could swim in the blood of his victims on earth True those un fortunates were not accorded time for repentance They are in hell The hand of Ilarry Orchard sel them there Orchard has repented und he musM be saved A celestial crown of spotless glory am a monster letup of gold awaits him over there night well did the editor of the Banner know tin Skeptical men would sneer at such a statements Think of it What u license for black crime JSjj mural responsibility save such as is by statute manmadc law While plovidedI argues that the confession of Orchard out the wickedness of his criminal acts yet can and will forgive him and make of him uJ it- than Being God why did the deity fail to nufti him good in the first instance Being god K did not the deity make hint a new man bqlDje he con mittcd the first crime to which he has confession Why not spare those lives mind ditt et and guide Itarry Orchard into a righteous pjiT God could do it or the Christian religion t n living lie Having the power to do it and failinfgto use it stamps this god as a monster too cruel I tolerated much less worshipped by hjutest ishtntoo good for a noun Of the Orchard stripe imfi- CouMut have been possible that Ilarry Omjiiard couldjj je been educated in the princip illphilflso of Preehought he would hav iGn a inn all through his miserable Iff FlCe have taught him that thfafctlpn his ever wrung couldm tb Have to them iiiino mlU save him from such a rcspoq 1iy lIlt every wrong done Nature deiiiiuuVi tlihple a just balance of the scale Too r much religion Too little Freetlaouglit1hesi made Harry Orchard what he is SUNDAY PAPERS AGAIN The Sunday newspapers are disreputable So says Dr David J Burrell of New York And why does he slake such a statement Simply because it is a business proposition as the newspaper keeps ninny a man front church Dr Burrell asserts that the newspapers do not exercise an educating influence And why- Because they como in personal competition with his contribution box Dr Burrell says their claims atc amusing Not more so than his own explanation and state ment for every thinking persons knows the motive that induced the Doctors statement and that is just as amusing as it absurd Let it be understood that Barrel is a doctor of divinity and not a doctor of medicine Burrell pre scribes prayer instead of pills miracles instead of medicine Doubtless he would like to see all other churches closed by law save and excepting his own My What a picnic he would have all to Sunday newspapers have long been a bone of contention with the orthodox clergy So have excursions und Sunday picnics It must largetboat mm ing across New York harbor to one or other of the big pleasure resorts anxious and glad to escape the torrid heat of the city and enjoy the cooling breee that blows on old oceans shore What right has humanity to be happy while a Burrell f exists antong them Give up pleasure and hap piness Down upon your knees before Burrell Confess that you are a miserable sinner and dont forget to chip in when the box is passed round your way The Sunday paper does not claim to be religious It would cease to be a newspaper if it was religious If it was religious men would not want it Burrell is religious and men do nut want him That is why they patronize the papers and refuse to patronize Burrell That is what hurts Burrell and it makes him squeal A paper has but two functions to per form It is a mirror in which a community sees a reflection of its own image It is a purveyor of news mid a medium of communication between time people Burrell wants the people to communicate only with him and he wants that communication to be substantial Thanks Burrell Your information is not de sired It was not asked for nod it conies too late Time people prefer Sunday papers to the Sunday preacher and it is only the business end of it that induces you to raise such a howl at this season 1 4 h nwamkt j l r rTITS FINAL SLEEP it literature apears to be indulging in much set outemplation of the realms of psychology as fined by applied science and is gradually tre J upon the domain of religious faiths shat to them right and left The analogy between slesand death has been previously dealt with Lt pt a new subject and has been presented iif it y and various phases As a matter of fact stir thoughtfueut long for sleep from which healthful rest o mhiiedlntd the logical we might say analogical p arises that very aged and infiiau pj iple as naturally bud instinctively long for death qH for the dark terrors with which it has been jimunded by a morbid religious faith there would ilyer have been the slightest terrror attaching to aejlth but the grave uucctainties of the path ifany tkat lies beyond has filled human hearts with tad and despair where a loving welcome should liavc been extended JIt is not our purpose to take up for discussion the philosophy of life and death or to attempt to delve ito the common religious arguments pertaining to rite subject but to allow a recent contributor to Harpers Weekly on the subject of Studies of mttural Death to furnish few facts which he de glares have como under his personal observation The writer Prof Metchnikoir says It may be supposed that as in sleep an stinctive need of rest is manifested in natural death is manifested mans instinctive aspiration to ward doubt Monsieur Yves Deluge a wellknown zoologist in an analysis of my studies upon human nature expresses his doubts as to the existence of an instinct serving neither for the preservation of the individual nor that of the species In his mind the idea of he instinct of death is nonsense I can not share the view of my learned critic Both in Mont and in animals many harmful instincts are known to exist which have nothing to do with in suring life or reproduction To this class belong the anomalies of the sexual instinct jo frequent among mankind as well as the instinct which impels parent to devour their young or that which attracts insects to the fire These instncts are for greater part injurious to the individual and species The idea that this instinct of natural death is in all probability accompanied by as peaceable and pleasant a sensation as can be conceived will still further increase its beneficent effect upon humanity We have no precise knowledge with regard to this sensation but the few data possessed upon accident al death permit a conception of its agreeable nature It is Undeniable that in a great many eases of death siiabMMriMttkily witness the cessation of sensations There Its in which 01 I fever i1l1l1 is short space of time fallen n Ire ne degrees below noihn jfc we were conscious of a sensation of extraordinaryy- weakness resembling doubt that which foreruns death As a mutter fact the sensations was grateful rather than painful In two cases of poison ing by morphine the sensation was as agreeable as possible a gentle faintness accompanied by such lightness of body that one felt as if afloat in the air Those observers who have given their attention to the sensations of persons who have narrowly es caped death reports facts of the sumac character Professor lleim at Zurich has given an account of a fall during a mountain climb in which he camjo neat losing his life und accounts of other accidents of the kind befalling Apline tourists In every case he described an attendant feeling of beatitude If in cases of death by illness we meet this sen sation of beatitude all the more might it be ex pected in natural death Preceded by the loss of the instinct of life and the acquisition of time stinct of natural death the latter must be held to be the best ending in acordance with the true principles of human nature We do not pretend to otter the reader a coin plete doctrine of natural death This chapter upon the science of death is hardly more than begun but it is already beyond question that the study of phenomena of natural death in the vegetable amid aniniial world as well as among humankind will furnish information of the hightest interest from the standpoint of science and of humanity Wise indeed is Unit man or woman who does not try to monkey with destiny How many wine bibbers are actually made at the Christian communion table r The crowd is always willing to stand by and holler Sirretim but it take courage to turn and pitch teligiom has never encouraged education but it has existed concurrently with it and then dammed it as its own progeny When you dont know anything beep it to your self a Many men try to play hookey from time school of experience To sound your own praise does nV irons the voice of conscience Cold logic is too much for orthodow Heaven and hell are of our own ntllIll nature M 4 = PALL AND NOT JESUS Was the Real Founder of the Chris tlan Form of Faith According to the Theories of Professor Pfielderer GERMAN SCHOLAR DISCUSSED- BY A PROTESTANT The character and nature of Jesus sot of Joseph mid Mary as far as it can neat the religious world is still a matter of interest and doubt and the orthodox leaders are stirred to Innermost circles by reason of the recently published views on this subject of Prof Pflelderer of the University of Berlin clergy of Europe have been amazingly silent upon the subject but has fallen to the lot of one W S Lilly hitherto unknown to briefly munmirizo the German scholars writings From the Literary Digest the following summary Is taken It will be worthy of a close study as nhowing fallacy of Christian claimi lie says HJ3 sources for the history otI Christ are first those Epistles of Paul which he considers genuine and the three older Gospels attributed re spectively to St Mark St Luke and St Matthew that It the chronological order in which he puts them To the Gospel according to St John ho will not allow any biographical value what over he pronounces It to be a work of didactic theology Lelirischrift composed about the middle of the sec and Christian century St Pauls ac count of the earthly life of Christ is of course meager Unlike other apostles ho never walked with the Master or sat at his feet or listened to his words What he knew of the man Christ Jesus was from tradition It was the Lord from heaven that war directly manifested to him In a vision on that memorable Journey to Damascus and his work Professor Plleiderer judge Was through iii teaching as to tne Spirit of Christ and ethical character Hence the need of its indwelllng in Christians as mem hers of Christ to transform the con ception of a Jewish Messianic kingdom which dominated the minds of the primitive brotherhood into the uthjcorellglous Kingdom of God es talUshed on earth In righteousness all1nttfmythical form ora spiritual beIng uberzeitlich Spirit of Christ arid the historical person Jesus fttho cloth Ing of that ideal principle In the conic down from heaven to earth and made man opened the way to the Gnostic speculations whose growth in the second century threatened to dis solve Christianity into visionary Im ages and to evaporate its historlco en ampler history of Christ than that which was furnished by the slight and fragmentary references in the Paul ine writings That need tho three older Gospels aimed at supplying They were composed the Prpfessor continues in Post Paullno times In deed and partly under the Influence of Pauline thought but their foundation was tradition of the primitive fellowship of disciples as to the life of Jesus or as another learned writer has observed we have in them reminiscence guided by faith and prompted and shaped by cir cumstances and conditions of the Pfielderer then depicts Christ for us as a Jewish peasant tho son of Joseph tho carpenter and Mary and deems that tho earliest his torical Incident In his career is his baptism That the preaching of re pemanco and of the approaching vent of tho Kingdom ofCod by St John Baptist had deeply imprest him Is evident tho Professor observes trout fact that after tho Imprison ment of tho saint he himself delivered the same message Repent for Kingdom of Heaven Is at hand But though the message sounded tho same am still quoting Professor Pllel derer tho spirit in which it vas de livered was different Christ was no mere preacher of penance ills preaclng was tho Immedlato outcome of his own heart strong in faith and glowing with love It was a glad message of deliverance to the weary and heavyladen to the captho and the opprest It was revival die Wiederbelebung of the bt spirit of the prophets tho spirit jf Hosea of Jeremiah of the younge Isaiah and it was addrest special to the poor tho suffering and the s nful who were dear abovo all others o his compas sionate soul What then the rofessor con tin nun did Christ mean tho Kingdom of leaven tho flea advent of which was proclaimed ng reason for re pcntanco The two meanings now currently attache to expression ho tolls us wouM have ben quite 1 14 alien from the thoughts of Christs countrymen They would not have understood the conception whether of a kingdom of blest souls beyond the grave or of an earthly but spirit ual polity of men dwelling In true re ligion and virtue Nor did Christ him self over explain the words in either of these senses Ho thinks that Christ meant by the words what his hearers must have understood his to mean and what St John Baptist clearly had meantthe miraculous ablishment hoped for by all pious Jews from the time of Daniel of a now and better order of things on earth and especially in Judea where by the misery of tho world should be healed He conceives of Christ not merely as a religious and ethical teacher but as a political reformer of the promised Kingdom of God as a social revolution in favor of the poor and tho oppressed and he quotes those most striking verses In the Gospel according to St Luke in which this seems to him clearly indi cated Blessed are ye poor for yours is tho Kingdom of God blessed are ye that hunger now for yo shall be filled But woo unto you that are rich for ye have received your consolation woe unto you that are full for ye shall hunger He quotes also other passages as favoring that view such as Fear not little flock for it has pleased your Father to glvo you InCullerLet mo now exhibit what he holds ns to Christs own conception of himself and his work The Professor confessses that the question is a ficult one because the evangelical narratives are colored by the thought of an ago later than that of the events which they profess to relate But he Is of opinion that If we look at It from a historical point of view we may be sure that Christ was not con scious of any superhuman origin or existence Christ entered upon the career of prophet like the Baptist before him he labored as teacher and healer among his fellow country men like others before and with him his power over sick souls and bodies however wonderful it seemed was no unconditioned almighty power it was conditioned by the faith of the sick as clearly appears from a passage in St Mark In like manner his pro photic knowledge was not unlimited The hour of the advent of the prom ised day of salvation the Son knoweth not lint only the Father He declines the ethical perfection Why tallest thou me good No one is good but lone Ho prays to Csl his Father 1o taught his dla ics to pray Ko claimed to be the Son of God only In the same sense in which all good men are and recog nized those who do the divine will as his brothers and his sisters Professor Pfielderer thinks then that the genuine human selfconsciousness of Christ may unhesitatingly be as serted on the authority of the older evangelists as a safe historical fact WHAT PRODUCES THOUGHT Reason and Consistency Should Not be Immolated Upon the Altar of Popular Sentiment WHY MEN THINK AND WHAT THEY THINK By E J Shellhous By reading two articles In a recent Isssue was led to ask the above questions Why do we continue to Immolate reason and consistency up on the altar of popular sentiment For the last few years there have sprung up a class of New Thoughters who In order to support their the- orIes invariably misquote the proverb As a man thlnketh in his heart so is he by omitting the phrase In his heart which in scripture means feel ing In Websters Dictionary after giving tho detlnltlon of the physical heart there over a hundred words in which tho word heart la compound words means some kind of feeling Wo have another proverb Seest thou a mom wise In his own conceit there is more hope of a fool than of him Also goood scripture If the modern construction of the proverb As a man thlnketh so is lie be true then the man In tho last proverb is a wise man Such Is quoted proverb leads We certainly have more hopes of a wise man than we do of a fool Why does a man think at all Is absurdity to which tho popularly it the thinking that makes him think To bo plain and simple as all truth Is when clearly apprehended thought Is that of which ono has been think ing Webster says Think v t To conceive to imagine to believe to consider to seem or appear These aro genulno Saxon phrases and are otilvalent to It seems to me Making it a mental operation aroused by some feeling Stultify tho iJd tdffU t r feelings by an anesthetic and there Is no trace of thinking Thinking Is the eect of a cause therefore It cannot Le a cause The cause Is feeling aroused This awakens consciousness which Is the seeming of the feeling- if we will stop to think this will appear selfevident In ethics the t selfevident fact is Feeling givesArise to the seeming of reality In what Is felt What wo think is what we feel but tho world has It What we feel is what we think We could not think without thinking of some thing that Is not thought One or tho masters says There is tho doctor of divinity the doctor of laws tho doctor of medicine the doctor of politics r the doctor of education and nu merous physicians of lessser renown and prominence all busily engaged inn cauterizing and veneering dis eases on the social body There is no cure for them so long as mankind refuse to abstain from the causes that produce them If these writers would explain what makes a man think what he does think they would have gone ono step in the solution of tho prob lems of life In the light revealed by the action of the mental forces the meaning ofxJmanhe really Is The feelings are un consciously developed by the stimulus of environment during infancy child hood youth and adolescence The feelings are conscious sensations and every mental operation Is a sensation In consciousness thoughtthe seeming the appearancetof things That seeming is taken for the reality but It is only the con ception of the reality The conception of u thing Is not the thing itself For thousands of years the world was deluded by accepting the cEntrIc theory If one five hundred years ago would have declared that the theory is false he would have ben denounced If he disputed the conception of sunrise and sunset he would have thought an idiot Coper nicus was excommunicated for saying this The people in those days knew that the sun rises and sets ust as New Thoughters know that thought t makes the man what he is Appear jances though not false aro often de 1ludedgeocentric theory It Is tho seeming of the reality of things the conscious ness of which is awakened by arous ing the feelings that deludes the New iitaketimings themselves and make as big a blunder ethics as ono would make In physTyffsjfedeclaris and sists that the idea of a horse a horse- WAR CONTINUES The Elgin and Waltham Watch Cos have indirectly declared war on John Dueber of Hampden Watch Co and smaller competitors By contin ually reducing prices they hope to drive out competitors or force them into a trust John C many times nJmillionaire but who employes Labor only will not Join them In their f nefarious scheme Ho promptly meetsIall reductions made by the oldericompanies until now watches are actually sold far below value Note 1the latest quotations 23Jeweled Spl SPJohnDueber W Co 21 Jewels only Elgin Vertas 23 Jls 29 Time 21 Jls 2250 W man Jls 20 B W 15I17 Jls 1850- Waltham Vanguard 23 Jls Crescent Street 21 Jls 2250 Ap pleton Tracey Co Premier 16 The above guaranteed to pass Way InspectorsJ allY7jttjustedHampden nickel same not admfJusted Elgin Waltham or Hampden lLnIckelHnmpden jls gilt 450 Stand and of Century jls lAll tho above In f jgoldatformore In 23 years screw case or fsllverlnoto 50 more Buy nowl When this war is over you will pay 30 per coat more LADIES GOLD WATCHES Largo size Elgin Waltham or Hampden year gold filled latest style artistic handchased 7 Jls Jls 16 jls adj Iii small 0isize Jls 1150 15 jls 16 jls adj 518 Riverside extra fine jffIn 25year case 1 more In 14k solid gold case to 50 more Lat iflprepaidSend for prices of Watches not listed Jewelry Rings Silver and Plated Ware Optical Goods and My Tract Theism In the Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN La Grange Cook Co Ill Ctij it1 r t f II ir l i THINKS SOUL HAS WEIGHT Continued from first page ter death the platform opposite the one In which lay the subject of the test fell suddenly Dr Macdougall says The figures on the dial index Indicated the diminishment in weight Dr Macdougall told of tho results of his experiments as follows Four other physicians under my directions made tho first test upon a patient dying with tuberculosis This man was one off tho ordinary typo of the usual American tempera ment neither particularly high strung nor of marked phlegmatic dispositions We placed him a few hours preceding death upon a scale plat form which had constructed and which was accurately balanced Four hours later with live doctors in attend ance ho died The instant life ceased tho opposlf scale pan fell with a suddenness that was astonishingas it something had been suddenly lifted from the body Immediately all the usual deductions were made for physical loss of weight and it was discovered that there was still a full ounce ot weight unaccount ed for submitted another subject afllcted with the same disease and nearing death to same experiment lie was a man of much the same tempera ment as the preceding patient and of about the same physical type The same result happened at the passing of his life The instant tho heart ceased to beat there was the sUllen and almost uncanny diminishment in experimenters each physician in atendauce made figures of his own concerning this loss and at a con sultation these figures wero compared The unaccountable loss con tinned to bo shown But this was less remarkable than what took place in the third case Tho subject was that of a man of larger physical build with a pronounced sluggish temperament When life ceased as the body lay in bed upon the scales for a full minute there ap geared to bo no change in weight The physicians waiting in the room looked into each others faces silently shaking their heads in the conviction that our test had failed Then suddenly the same thing happened that had occurred in the other cases There was a sudden diminution In weight which was soon found to be tho same as that of the preceding experimentsI that in this case that 4 phlegmatic man slqyr ottlsought iFa the soul rcmaVvjjRl suspended the body after death during the minute that elapsed before it came to tho consciousness of its freedom There is no other way of accounting for it and it is what might bo ex petted to happen in a man of the sub jects temperament Three other cases were tried in eluding that of a woman and In each it was established that a weight of from one half to a full ounce departed from the body at the moment of piration i VALLEY FORCE Continued from first page London Oct Dear General Should this letted find you In council or field I beg you to retire and reflect on its impatcnt contents The most respectable characters you have will draw themselves from your support and are suceeded by a great majority of Illiberal and violent men that you ars a gentleman would dis dain to associate with Bankrupt attorney and near of dispalr fortune are ynurcolleagues As to your army I ask you sir look at its condition drawn from the lowest ranks of New Eng land ruffians without principle pro stage or discipline and liable to desert you at any moment How ninny of such a molly array could yon as sociate with or ask to a seat at your table Oh sir let no false ideas of wordy or private duties Influence you to continue so hopeless a strug gle recommend to congress at once the immediate necessity of recendlng the hasy and ill advised Declaration of Independence By such a course your character will rise In the es timation of the virtuous and your name will shine with luster In the annuals of history Rev Jacob Duche pastor of Christ Church Philadelphia who was a brother in law to Bishop White who preached a sermon against Guilds Infidel College To the credit of Gen Washington when he received this letter ho summoned his secretary and dictated a caustic reply and ordered the troops to dress parade and Paines common sense and Crisis wero read by the Chaplain of every regiment This may be news to Rorsevolb but it is History to all but students in Theo logical ELLIOTT SEC Paine Association of U S NINl YFOUR PERCENT But a Blade Writer Undertakes to Show D W Groh is in Error By Dennis Leahy W Groha latest is real good question is great If labor only gets 8 per cent of the annual product capital must get 02 per cent As money am bo borrowed for 0 per cent wily not borrow money and rent land on the halves and secure 04 per cent Suppose we swing that proposition around If money can he borrowed at per cent then capital only earns 0 per cent leaving per cent for labor How does that look Suppose some socialist acted on D W Grohs suggestion mud borrowed money at 0 per cent and rented land on the halves And suppose he escapes the green log and the loll worm and the crab gross not to mention loll seasons And makes a crop per cent goes to the landlord the first dash out of the box That knocks an awful hole in the per cent D W forgot that per cent in his calculations The tmsts control everything So say the democrats and of course they know John D Rockefeller admits that one of his trusts clears 40 per cent That comes out of tho annual producet The tenant must pay the merchants rent and taxes us they part of the cost of the goods Then he 0 per cent tIll principle must be returned to tho hank How much of the 92 per cent is left to tho socialist t Some socialists are nthiests no doubt It is to bo hoped theyare all nation alists If theynre they wont monkey with D W Grohs generous suggestion Money is not capital It is merely nn order on the market Capital is wealth used to increase the effectiveness of labor Landlords speculators monopo lists and politicians gather in the ef fectiveness leaving nothing for labor But whats the use t The anti does not know and now we know he newer can know and never em understand BIBLEN- OT A MORAL GUIDE Only Intelligence can be Trusted Guide Men Through Life While Bible is Decidedly Immoral THOUGH DEAD OUR HERO STILL SPEAKS Following is a reproduction of an article from the brain of the great Freethought leader the late Col In gersoll It has novel been nnswered by an advocate of religion and the Blade challenges controversy You ask mo what I would substitute for the Bible as a moral guideI that many people regard the Bible as the only moral guide and believe that in that Book only can be found the true and perfect standard of morality There are many good precepts many wise sayings and ninny good regulations and laws In the Bible and these are mingled with bad pre cepts with foolish sayings with ab surd rules and cruel laws But we must remember that the Bible is a collection of many books written centuries apart and that it in part represents the growth and tells in part the history of a people Wo must also remember that tho writers treat of many subjects Many of these writers have nothing to say about right or wrong about vice or book of Genesis has moth about morality There not a in it calculated to shed light on the path of conduct No one can call that book a moral guide It is made up of myths miracle of tradition nod legend In Exodus wo have an account of tho manner in which Jehovah livered the Jews from Egyptian bondage We now know that the Jews were never enslaved by tho Egypt ians that the entire story is a fiction know this because there is not found In Hebrew a word of Egypt inn origin mud there Is not found in the language of the Egyptians a word of Hebrew origin This being so we know that the Hebrew and Egyptians could not have lived gether for Jiundreds of years Certainly Exodus was not written to teach morality In that book you cannot find one word against human slavery As a matter of fact Je hovah was a believer in that Instl tlon The killing of cattle with disease and hall tho murder of the firstborn so that in every house was death because the fbig refused to let the Hebrew go ertnmly was not moral it was flem sh The writer of that book regard d all the people of Egypt their chlldr n their flocks and herds as the proj rty of Pharaoh and these people ami these cattlo wero killed not becau a they had done anything wrong but simply for the purpose of punishing tho king It Is possible to bet my morality out of this his tory All the laws found In Exodus In eluding the Ten Commandments far as they are really good and sen sible wore at that time in force among all the peoples of the world Murder Is and always was a crime and always will bo so long as n majority of people object to Vcing murdered Industry always has boon pfd ways will bo the enemy of larceny The nature of man is such That ho admires the teller of truth aid des pises the liar Among all tribes among all people truth telllrg has been considered a virtue and false swearing or false speaking a vice The love or parents for children is natural and this love is round nmong all the animals that live So love of children for parents is natural and was not and cannot be cieatcd by law Love does not spring from a sense of duty nor tines It bpw In obedience to commands So men and women are riot virtuous because of anything in s or the Tcn Commandments that aro good were old were the result of experience rho Commandments that were original with Jehovah were worship of any other sod could not have been worse than the worship of Jehovah and nothing could have been more absurd than tho sacredness of the Sabbath If the commandments had been given against slavery and polygamy against wars of Invasion and exter mination against religious prosecu lion In all its forms so that the world could be free so that the brain might bo developed and the heart civilized then we might with propriety call such commandments moral guide Before we can truthfully say that the Ten Commandments constitute moral guide we must add and sub tract We must throw away sone and write others in Ielr places The commandments that have known application ere in this worts obligationsthe nJIn Ir experience Many of tho regulations found in Exodua Leviticus Numbers and Neu teronomy aro good Many are absurd and cruel- Tho entire ceremonial of worship- Is Insane Most of the punishment for viola tions of laws are unphllosophlc an- tbrutalThe fact is that tin Pentateuch upholds nearly all crimes and to call it a moral guide is ar absurd as to say that it Is merclfu or of a moral nature can be found In Joshua or Judges These books are filled with crimes with massacres and murders They an about the same ns the real history of the Apache Indians The story of Ruth is not partlcu burly moral In first and second Samuel there Is not ono word calculated to devoloj the brain or conscience Jehovah murdered seventy thous and Jews because David took a sus of the people David according to the account was the guilty one but only the innocent wero killed In first and second Kings can bf found nothing of ethical value Al the Kings who refused to obey the priests wero denounced and all the crowned wretches who assisted priests were declares to be UK favorites of Jehovah In those books cannot bo found one word in favor of liberty There are some gooa Psalms and there some that are Infamous Most of those Psalms are selfish Many them nit passionate appeals for story of Job shocks the heart of every good man In this book there Is some poetry soma pathos and some philosophy but the story of this drama called Job Is heartless to the last degree The children of Job are muro red to settle a little wager bclwoe God and the Devil Afterward Job having remained firm other children are given in the place of the murde d Nothing however is doiV for the children who wero murde I Tho book of Es Itr Is utterly surd and the only deeming feature in the book is than ho name of Jehovah is not mentlyd I like tho Song of lomon because It tells of human Ioy and that is something I can unuVivtnnd That book In my judgment is worth all the ones that go before it and is a far better moral guide There are some wise and merciful Proverbs Some are selfish and some are flat and commonplace I like the book of Ecclesiastes be cause there you find some sense somo poetry and some philosophy Take away the Interpolutlons and It is a good book Of course there Is nothing In Ne hemlah or Ezra to make men better nothing In Jeremiah or Lamentations calculated to lessen vice and only a few passages In Isaiah that can be used in a good cause In Ezekiel and Daniel wo find only ravings of the Insane lu some of the minor prophets flume Is now and thou a good verse now and then nn elevated thought You can by selecting passages from different books you can make a very bad creed The trouble Is that the spirit of the Old Testament its disposition its temperament is bad selfish and cruel The most fiendish things are commanded commended and ap stories that are told of Joseph of Ellsha of Daniel and Gideon and of many others are hideous hellish On the whole the Old Testament cannot be of moral jot dPareJ cannot be considered of moral guide Jehovah was not a moralgod Ho had all the vices mid ho lacked all the virtues lie genreally carried out his threats but he never faithfully kept a promise At tho same time we must rev member that tho Old Testament is a natural production that it was written by savages who were slowly crawling toward the light We must give them credit for the noble things they said and we must bo charitable enough to excuse their faults and even their crimes- know that marry Christians regard the Old Testament as the foundation and the New as the superstructure and while many admit that thieve are faults and mistakes In the Old Test ament they insist that the New is thin flower and perfect fruit- I admit that there are many good things in the New Testament and if we take from that book the dogmas of eternal pain of Infinite revenge of atonement of human sacrifice of necessity of shedding blood If we throw away the doctrine of nonresistance ofj1 J enemies tho idea that prospi result of wit irty Is 1w the good scnsiuuj jable to conduct then we ca iifairly good moral guidett bit moral Of course many important things would be left out You would have nothing about human rights nothing in favor of the family nothing for education nothing for investigation for thought and reason but still you would have a fairly good moral guide On the other hand if you would take the foolish passages the ex treme ones you could make a creed that would satisfy an insane asylum If you take cruel passages the verso that inculcate eternal hatred verses that writhe and hiss like serpents you can make a creed that would shock the heart of a hyena It may be that no book contains better passages than the New Tes tament but certainly no book pains worse Below the blossom of love you fin the thorn of hatred on the lips that kiss you find the poison of the cobra The Bible is not a moral guide Auw man who follows faithfully all Its teachings Is an enemy of society and will probably end Is days is a prison or an asylum What Is morality In this world wo need certain things Wo have many wants We are exposed to many dangers We need food fuel raiment and shelter and besides these wants there Is what may be called tho hunger of mind Wo conditioned beings and our happiness depends upon conditions There certain things that dimin ish certain things that increaso wellbeing There are certain things that destroy and thero are others that preserve Happiness including Its highest forms is sifter all the only good and everything the result of which Is to produce or secure happiness is good that is to say moral Everything that destroys or diminishes wellbeing Is bad that is to say immoral In other words all that is good Is moral and all that Is bad Is Immoral What then Is of can be called a moral guldo shortest possible answer Is one word Intelligence Wo want the experience of man kind the true history of the race We want the history of Intellectual de velopment of growth of tho ethical of the idea of Justice of conscience of charity of selfdenial We want to know the paths and roads that have been travelled by the human mind These facts In general these tories in outline tho results reached the conclusions formed the priuclules evolved taken together would form the best conceivable moral guide We cannot depend on what are called inspired books or tho rev ligions of the world These religions are based on the supernatural and according to them we aro under obligations to worship mid obey some supernatural being or beings All these religions are Inconsistent with intellectual liberty They are the enemies of thought of investigation of mental honesty They destroy the manliness of man They promise eternal rewards for belief for credu lily for what they cal faith Tills is not only absurd but it is immoral These religions teach the slave things holy and falsehoods sacred They create artiflcal crimes to eat meat on Friday to enjoy yourself on Sunday to eat on fast days to be happy In Lent to dispute a priest to ask for evidence to deny a creed to express your sincere thought all these are acts of sins crimes against some god To give your honest opinion about Jehovah Mohammed or Christ is far worse than to maliciously slander your neighbor To question or doubt miracles Is far worse than to deny known facts Only the obedient the credulous tho cringers the kneelers the meek tho unquestion ing the true believers are regarded as moral as virtuous Ill is not enough to be honest generous and useful not enough to be governed by evidence by facts In addition to this you must believe These things are the foes of morality They subvert all natural conceptions of virtueIAll inspired books teaching that what the supernatural commands Is right and right because commanded and that what supernatural pro hibits is wrong mid wrougkllon hiblts is wrong and wrong because prohibited are absurdly unphllo sophic And all Inspired books teaching that only those who obey the com mands of the supernatural are or can be truly clrtuous and that un questioning faiths will be rewarded with eternal Joy are grossly immoral Again I say Intelligence the only moral guide tfWtWbllabede BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers Uilnzton it1 1000 BOOK for 100 Will mall on receipt ot 110 j BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers Box Lexington I t BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers DEBATE IN PAMPHLET FORM Just out debate on the BIble and Evo lution between A A 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