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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, July 14, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 blu1907071401 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, July 14, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. J BLUE GRASS BLADE I uumUuTRUTHlifAshland ge O Volume XVINumber 11 East LEXINGTON KY JULY 14 1907 Published Weekly150 per Year in advance RULE BY DIVINE RIGHT Is Not Yet Abolished Altogether and We Must Yet Fight to Retain- a Free Press AMERICAN LIBERTY RAPIDLY VANISHING IUyTheodore Schroeder For over a century It has been lIevedI that we had abolished rule by divine right and the acconipanlng In fallibility of officialism and that we have maintained Inviolate the liberty of conscience of speech and of press However this belief of ours Is fast becoming a matter of illusion Though a love for such liberty is still verbally avowed yet In every con filet raising an Issue over It It Is nied In practice There Is not a State In the Union today In which the lib erty of the press Is not abridged upon several legitimate subjects of debate Here will be discussed but one of these and that perhaps the most un encroachments and un conscious piling of precedent upon precedent we are rapidly approaching the stage in which we will enjoy any liberties only by permission not as a matter of right In this progressive denial of the freedom of conscience speech aand press all three branches without seriously disturbing the se rene sweet centurylong slumber In to which we were lulled by the songs of liberty whose echoes still resound in our ears but whose meaning we have longsince forgotten A century ago we thought that we had settled all these problems of liberty In all our constitutions we placed a verbal guarantee of liberty Wrof speech and press and then stupid weiitjto deciv A2UiabiihnjLiUie and adequate potency for selfenforce ment This is the usual mistake al ways so fatal to all liberties and the multitude is too superficial and too much engrossed with a law order of selfish persults to discover that constitutions need the support of a public opinion which demands that every doubtful construction shall be resolved against the state and in tan vor of Individual libertytIn the absence of such construction constitutions soon become the chains which enslave rather than the safe guards of liberty Thus It has come that under the guise of Judicial con utructlon all constitutions have been judicially amended until those who by a dependence upon the Constitu tion endeavor to defend themselves in the exercise of a proper liberty Persons finding satisfaction or profit in repudiating constitutional guaran tees and combining therewith suffi cient political power to Ignore them with impunity unconsciously develop In themselves a contempt for the fundamental equalities which most found ers of republics sought to maintain This contempt is soon shared by those who find themselves the helpless vic tims of misplaced confidence In coib stltutlons and through them is trans fused to the general public until that which we should consider the sacred guarantee of our liberties becomes a joke and those who rely upon it are looked upon as near to Imbecility Some years ago a United States Senator Mr Cullom was reported as saying that In the United States there is no constitution but public opinion We should also remember the unconscious humor which made Congressman Timothy Campbell fa lIe was urging President Cleveland to sign a bill which had passed Congress and the latter ob jected because he believed the bill to be violative of the organic law Our ingenious statesman broke In with the earnest plea Whats the Constitution as between friends General Trumbull once said The Constitution has hardly any exlstance In this country except as rhetoric By virtue of its sublime promise to establish justice we have seen Injus tice done for nearly a hundred years It answers very well for Fourthof July purposes but as a charter of liberty it has very little force In Id aho at the time of the official kidnap ping of Moyer and others in Colorado the attorney of these men tried to show the court the unconstitutionality of the procedure when the baffled Tago of tho Judge prompted him to S zC J i exclaim I am tired of these appeals to the Constitution Tho Federal Constitution is a defective outofdate instrument anyhow and It is useless to fetch that document Into court But Constitution or no Constitution we have got the men we went after they are here they are going to stay here until we have had our final say and I would like to know what is go Ing to be done about It No wonder that tho wise Herbert Spencer wrote Paper constitutions raise smiles on the faces of those who have observed their results All this Is true because the great mass are Indifferent to the constitu tionallyguaranteed liberties of others and so allowed sordid selfinterest and bigotry to add one llmatlon after an other until all freedom will be des troyed by Judlcal amendments to our character of liberty That the State is a separate entulty is a mere fiction of the law which is useless within the very narrow limit of the necessities which called it Into existence This is judiciously recog sized by our courts and by thoughtful laymen By getting behind the fiction to view the naked fact we discover that the State has no existence except as a few fallible office holders theo retically representing the public sent iment expressing its power sometimes doing good and often thriving on the ignorance and indifference pf the masses When we abolished the inn fallibility of rulers by divine right we at the same time abolished the pol itical duty of believing either in God or what was therefore supposed to be His political creation the State Henceforth government was to be viewed only as a human expedient to accomplish purely human ends and subject to be transformed or abolished at the will and discretion of those by those will and discretion it was created and is maintained Tho exclusively secular ends of government were tb protect each equally In life liberty and the pursuit of happiness So the fathers of our country in their l1cclntrlttorrbtJntltlcn w1e- rthat Whenever any form of govern ment becomes destructive of these ends it Is the right of the people to alter or abolish it Similar Declarations were made by the separate col onies Thus the Pennsylvania Dec laration of Rights contains these words The community hath an indubitable inalienable and indefeasible right to reform alter or abolish government In such manner as shall be by that community judged most conducive to the public weal In harmony with theee declarations we made laws such that political offenders though they had been In open revolt to a tyrannous foreign government or had slain the minions of the tyrant they might here find a safe retreat from extraditionAll has passed away Formerly It was our truthful boast that we were the freest people on earth Today it is our silent shame that among all the tyrannical governments on the face of the earth ours Is probably the only one which makes the right of admls slon depend upon the abstract polity ical opinions of the applicant Our people denounce the unspeakable tyr anny of a bloody Czar and the pass laws here to protect him In the exer cise of his brutalities in Russia In stead of being the land of the free and the home of the brave we clude from our shores those who are brave and seek freedom here and punish men for expressing unpopular opinions if they already live here In vain do the afflicted ones appeal fo a liberty loving populace for help In maintaining liberty Under our Immlgiation laws no archist that is no person who dis believes in or who is opposed to all organized governments is allowed to enter the United State even though such person be a nonreglgtftnt Quaker In other words the person who believes with the signers of thfe Declaration of Independence that those who create and maintain governments have a right to abolish them and who also desire to persuade the majority of the fellowmen to exercise this privilege are denied the admission to our national domain Of course that and kindred legisla tion was tho outgrowth of the most crass ignorant and hysteria over the word anarchist I say most crass Ignorance deliberately because to me it is unthinkable that any sane man with an intelligent conception of what its believed by such nonresistant an Continued on fourth pago tif6 i 6 = MARBLE BUST OF PAINE s at Last Granted a Place In Independ ence Hall by an Overwhelming Vote In Honor to Him JUSTICE COMES AT LAST WHERE IT IS DUE By Jas B Elliott Honor be to those to whom honor Is dueTime is not ungrateful and the ages will as a rule recognize true merit and virtue Proof of such a declaration is offorta by an article from the pen of James B Elliott of Philadelphia secretary of the Paine Memorial Society published in the July Issue of Tomorrow which explains how a marble bust of Thomas Paine once refused was at last given place in Independence Hall It reads The marble bust of Thomas Paine by Sydney Morse now In Independence Hall Philadelphia was first pre sented to the city council Nov 20 1876 It was accepted by the Common Coun cil by a vote of 40 to one of the latter being a saloonkeeper In the select council the motion to accept was lost owing to the violent speech made against the character of Paine by Charles Thompson Jones who has since passed to the undiscovered country and public sentiment has changed and the bust was accepted Sept 1905 The story of the twentynine years contest with pious bigotry and the final triumph by the persistence and perseverance of a few faithful mem hers of the Paine Memorial Associa tion Is here briefly told The evil that men do lives after them the good is oft interred with their bones Col Damon v v PlillIljis S ill orlal Association presented iUIS in behalf of the subscribers and Charles Thompson Jones made the following speech objecting to its re ceptionI great diffidence in speaking on this question from the fear that I may not do justice to the subject but I hope I may be able to show the char acter of Thomas Paine to have been so treacherous to General Washington that not a member of the select coun cil will vote In favor of the resolution I pride myself upon my ancestry My aversion to this man or may say my prejudice was formed in boyhood days and from what I heard from the last survivors of the American revolution In the neighborhood in which lived those who fought from pure love of President you are aware that the leading men of the revolution were divided In opinion as to the merits of the political writings of Tom Paine Some contended that he did more harm than good to the cause and the pious God fearing portion of the community believed that this violent vindictive man tried to retard the civil and religious rights that they were contending for therefore ligious people who hold In contempt him whom you propose to honor on this centennial year The French minister spoke of Paine in the most contemptible terms Mr Paine iccelved great credit for articles he wrote against England dur ing the struggle with that country but it was of very little consequence to him on which side he wrote that was his profession It Is not generally known the he was paid out of a secret fund In addition to his salary as clerk of the Pennsylvania assembly for which he received 800 per year In continental money He would not accept Washingtons word but demon ed Robert Morris as security for his fees Ho went to France after being found in intrigues against this nation and was placed in prison and prey tended to believe that General Wash ington was the cause of his imprison mentthe man who had been his bene factor He bad the audacity to say to him You have not served America with more disinterestedness or greater zeal nor more fidelity than myself and know not with better effect He spoke of General Washington as Mr Washington He claimed to have sailed with Colonel John Laurens from Boston Feb 1781 for France in the ship Alliance and with the aid of h 1 I 01 i JJliiU Benjamin Franklin obtained a present from the king of 0000000 as a loan and that a fleet of thirty sails would bo sent to aid America Colonel Laurens and myself returned from Brest the first of June following with 200000 pounds sterling and we arrived at Boston 25 Do Grasso arrived witn the French fleet and was afterward joined by Barras making thirtyone sail In line The money was transported In wagons from Boston to the bank of Philadel phia It was by the aid of money and of this fleet and of Rochambeaus army that Cornwallis was taken the laurels of which have been given to General WashingtonAll statements can be vertl fled by consulting the records of the historical society think that have shown the char acter of this man who has assailed the Father of His Country but a graver charge have yet to make Ho also wrote bitter pamphlet against the Christian religion and the Holy Bible in which he states The fable of Jesus Christ as told in the New Testamentthe story taking It as a whole as it Is told Is blasphemously obscene lIe speaks of the mother of our Lord as being debauched by a ghost and further states that the Christian faith Is built upon heathen mythology Do you think gentlemen of councils that the marble bust of Tom PaIne should be placed In the Hall of Independence with Washing ton Franklin Jefferson and Robert Morris r hope you will vote against- It John Blckley of the Sixth ward said I dont see much difference One man abuses the Father of his country the other man upholds General Grant whose admlnstraUon think was one of the most corrupt we have had since General Washington They are both Infidels of the same stripe dont know If they are both Repub Means I know one of them made a speech at tho Union League I should like to amend the resolution by hay in a s n aJten vlJ1I dependence Hall The r ti jas declared out of oftler The motlolPwas laid over Mr Shoemaker was sick and unable to be present to reply to the charges made by Charles Thompson Jones but he died and the members of the Select Council voted against Its reception The marble bust cost 1200 the money being raised by subscription through the Loston Index and but few of the original subscribers remain to rejoice In the victory Many are dead many indifferent but the kind Pro vince that saved the life of Thomas Paine on three occasions and permit ted him to die a peaceful death at the age of three scores and ten has also permitted Thomas Phillips to be prey sent at the acceptance by Independ ence Hall of the bust of Paine which he with Damon Kilgore presented on the 100th anniversary or the Declara tion of Independence of which Thomas Paine was the real promoter am also grateful that am permitted to tell the history of the struggle and hope to be present In the city of New York with Brother Phillips at the home of Thomas Paine In Bleekcr St and attend the centennnry of thin death of Paine extend an Invita tion to all to visit thin Hall and Museum and there vlrw the original edition of Common Sense published In 1776 presented b ths association in 1902 and will be pleased to enroll your name and give any information about the association CHRIST CANNONAND CRANKS Nations Depend Upon Their Guns In Times of War Instead of the Prayers of Chaplains THEN WHY NOT FIRE THE WHOLE CABOODLE The National RipSaw Rmong tho fearless of the numerous exchanges that reaches the Blade Is The National RipSaw published at St Louis Mo Its motto is to be Blind as a bat to everything but right and judging from Its columns the edltoral policy Is in keeping with that sentiment Recently it published tho following bold article which Is worthy of wide reading How bully every inhabitant of the United States should feel at our great president revolving the pence prize of forty thousand dollars from the Nor wegian Parliament Yes every son t r ofaguns chest In the entire Uncle Camuel should heave out with manly Is coming to the front fast as we are getting to be the greatest people on earth In many things and especially In tommyrot as we permit one per cent of habitants to own the wealth whileI ninetynine per cent work like nig gers to produce It but that dont make any difference as the doctors say t t work Is good for the health of the average woolen hat but every horny handed sonoftoll should spend at least one day out of every week In rejoicing over that Nobel peace prize that Teddy swiped as that Is the greatest and most laughable thing that ever happened within the borders of this great domain A few short months ago In one of us Mr Rooscvclts messages he used the following language- If the great slvlllzed nations of the present day should completely of disarm the result would mean an Immediate recrudescence of barbar Ism In one form or another of But upon the hells of this heathenish and barbarous declaration he raked In the Nobel peace prize Why It is enough to make an ossified Chinaman grinThis country has never had since It became a nation a president that has talked as much about Christ and the bible as Teddy the Im he maculate but he has always man aged to sandwich cannon in long with tills Christ preachment and if we will take an Inventory of the money that has been spent we will find that the cannon end of Mr by Roosevelts administration has rev ceived dollars where the Christ end didnt receive pennies nnd the thing which a man spends his money for Is undobtedly the thing that nes ties up nearest to his gizzard We at the present time are Ion trolled by a set of leaders who In one breath proclaim the teachings of Christ liut7oy rely more unon thtflGJ ion 110llido upon the doctrines o Nazarene which undoubtedly brae our leaders as either a troop of forth ing cranks of else those they control set of theneedsvollsZoc5syVdot by their Christ and Cannon doctrine as an unlaundered set of the same of It Mr Reader the highest official in a land such as ours that boasts of being the most enlightened and the most civilized nation upon the face of the earth declaring that if all civilized nations were to sink their war vessels to the bottom of the ocean and spike their cannon and destroy their musketry and explode their guncotton and do away with would at once revert back to barbar Ism Who Mr Reared are you going to give thanks to for the civillza tlon of the present day Christ or CarrionIf Mr Roosevelt Is right then let us hurl up every bible that we can find and use our number ten as brogans upon the seat of the pants of our preachers and priests and con fiscate the churches and theological seminaries and turnthem into mill tnry Institutions mid teach our boys to and girls how to shoot glory and he civilization into the hides of their dearly beloved never In the history of this or any other country has anyone ever aimed such a body blow at the doctrines of Jesus Christ as has Theodore Roosevelt by his barbarous declaration that rev gardless of till our schools of all our churches and of all our colleges thatJ we would at once sink back Into barn bnrism without a mighty standing army If Theodore Roosevelt Is right in this declaration then away with everything but udlitar ism and leta us do as he suggests in his last flies sage and establish rifle clubs in oura public schools and instead of teach ing little Johnny the Ten Command ments lets teach him how to hit the bulls eye at a thousand yards and ring tho bell of a target nine times out of of ten so that he will be able to shoot civilization into his neighbor whoa relies the doctrines of Jesus ItholinessItcompellingto serve a certain number of years in his army and let us forever pay hoI mage to European countries who Sillt the vitality of their Inhabitants In order to feed and clothe a standing army of hundreds of thousands for if turning the sword Into a plowshare Continued on Page j MANA AS IN THE BODY- Is the Only Man the World Possibly Know and this Dispenses with the Soul Idea DEMAND FOR DOES NOT MAKE IMMORTALITY By J T Lloyd It Is something unusual for a Harvard Professor to get a roast In critic Ism at the hands of an Kngllsh Free thought and as such has come to through the Freethinker the following will be read with Interest Immorality Is a subject which philosophers and theologians are ever fond discussing and concerning which they have never been able to see eye to eye In the cnreno number the Hibbert Journal the erudite Idealist Professor Josiah Royace of Harvard University tries his meta taphyslcal hand at the vexed problem He gives us his views on man time eternity and God and these views the such that In his opinion Im mortality Is an unavoidable inference from them Man Is Immortal because wants to be and he wants to be because God is as yet dissatisfied with the expression of himself and will not let him alone until he arrives at perfection This Is a very old argu ment but a sounds new as stated the Professor He says In me God Is discontented with his own temporal expression This very discontent I myself am It con stitutes mo This hullvldula thirst for Infinity this personal warfare with my ow ntemporal maladjustment to my own Idealthis is my personality In me the temporal being in me now God Is in need is hungry is thirsty is in prison In me then JS dissatisfied nut he ifJfnblutC Eternity to ifsC be satisfied As an er v personality I have an insatiable need for an opportunity to find to define and to accomplish my individual and unique ruty This need of mine is Gods need in me nnd of me Seen then from the eternal point of view my personal life must be an endless series of deeds Such In brief Is Professor Royces argument for Immortality It Is ingenious it Is subtle and it Is cleverly worked out but to what does it really amount What Is the practical import of it It purely metaphysical argument and of no evidential value whatever It may he logically lawless and philosophically sound but it is built on a foundation ot saud Let us examine It Everything in Professor Royces argument rests on his definition of time To him man has reality only a being of will and of meaning- of ideals and of personal character whose value you acknowledge This real man Iswhat he is worth This definition of man naturally leads up that of time Time to mind says is an essential practical as pect of reality which derives its whole meaning from the nature and from the life of the will Of course this Idealistic definition of time involves the following conclusion Take away from your conception- the world the Idea of a being who has a will who has a practical rev tattoo to facts take away the Idea a being who looks before and who strives seeks hopesipursues records reports promises accomplishes fate away say every Idea of such a being from your world whatever then remains in your conceived world gives you no right to conception of time as sty real as pect of thIJl Professor Royce waxes exceedingly merry over what he terms the tlmo physics saying that It is Indeed but the timepieces and of mechanic science tho time of geology and or abstraction It has no ultimate meaning he adds except in rela to beings that have a will thatIa practical life and that do something Apart from their needs time Is nothing Now In ad dition to the individual will there what the Professor calls a world If you look beneath the abtstractions lie says you find that time is in essence the form of the j Infinite will sift that when I acknow ledge one universal worldtime do Continued on fourth page aiI r h I BLUE GRASS BLADE Published at Lexington Kentucky Every Sunlay Founded 1884 and edited by Charles Chilton Moore up his death February JAMES E HUGHES EJltor and Publisher r SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall iKistyaid 0150 wr yinr in idvuiiio Five now subscribers sent with one remittance at 100 per year each Trial subscription 16 cents per month All oreign subscription postpaid 200 per ycear ADVERTISING RATES ALL ADVERTISEMENTS of whatsoever character ac cepted will be published at the rate of 100 per Inch per mouth unless by special contract when other and better rates will be quoted upon appllca icon The publishers have the right to reject any and all advertisements on r vl GENERAL BUSINFSS RULES scrlptlon has been paid up In advance The MAKE ALL money orders drafts checks etc 1t be to JAMES E HUGHES Lexington 1y us tin will facilitate collection SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER cha his or her nddrev aavlse this office giving both old and new au the Blade will be sent to the new address a desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 12012 North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky t which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BlADE entered at the 1ostofllcc at 4IIIttlll Kentucky as second class mailing mutter ADDRESS ALL COMMUIICATIONS TO THE BLUEGRASS BLADE P O Box 393 Lexington Ky address slip on the paper will show subscriber the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent asked for upon rene al In case of discontinuance Move onward Always strive to winyyk Good character is everlasting gold r Sonic men are wise and some are foolish Heaven is just where we happen to build it the we mint look t the presentt oi Aim high but dont start to climb until you ar certain you have a good foothold a r r r No matter how much we may deride superstition the most of us cling to a strong Ajelief in the t dollar sin t lu rL f tiIPa ft ij t u liratiusi rc ll Ii alone though mounting upward scMenr l1ulJscIfII tlie ceiling of his chamber a o The church has began to realize the folly of prayer and it now advises its members not to pray for anything contrary to the will of god a a a There is alwayss a imurnl explanation for all phenomena but orthodoxy prefers to grasp at the supernatural without giving the natural half a chance to assert itself a lr Intelligent people have long passed that stage of thought wherein they are willing to accept a state r ment as being absolutely true simply because it comes from the Bible a i a a Truth in the eternal rock that stands between the tempestuous sea of anarchy and the desolate desert of an abject slavery In the establishment of truth Freethought has rendered a yeoman ser vice and the world will yet come to recognize its force and necessity r a a Alan was not made by Almighty fiate He is but the idle sport of both Time and Space Yesterday he was unknown He is here today Tomorrow he is forgotten We toil and strive to transform some particles of mutter into various shapes t nothing is created nothing can be destroyed Crea tion implies destruction maid destruction carries erection with it But little comfort can he derived by gazing upon the mystery and calling it religion a a a a The Blade would not and it does not undervalue human life human effort and human aspiration It would not mock the blind struggles of mortal man to put on immortality to master the elements and extend the domain of his knowledge But those who assume that some deity made this solar system fur our sweet sakes should consult a doctor of medicine instead of a doctor of divinity Tin Christian scheme is a few harpers for heaven and I host of hoodlums for hell How splendid a a a NOW IT IS THE THE THINKING If the foolkiller has not wandered off got lost or if he is still attending strictly to business or if he is not dead he should hasten to New York for he is sorely needed An eminent scientist who has just landed in t Boston after a long journey in many climes brings to America the suggestion the working hypothesis a that men and women do not think with their bruins but with their hearts The function of the brain says Dr Joseph ISShmuly for that is the eminent scientists name his address being New Yorl is to simply heat body The heart docs all the thinking He sorts by of proof that all the great men of the Ct r world have been found to have small brains and great hearts According to his arguments imbeciles and idiots mire inversely endowed More Ayer he declares human bongs in the frigid zones invariably have big brains and those in time torrid l ones little ones Ergo says the eminent scientist the brain is the parlor stove of the human economy Much older than this theory advanced by this eminent scientist is that of the Chinese that UK belly is the seat of the thinking apparatus Portly Chinamen enjoy honor and distinction in their own country as men of ample minds The wider their girth wider their views of life and the larger their philosophy Julius Caesar was nc Chink but he loved to have about him mien who were sleek They were of better company and their opinions of greater value than those of the lean and hungry kind The ancient Greeks hole that the liver was the scat of the human emotion s and the sauce theory prevails among the modern Britons whose devotion to the liver pill is one oi the most interesting phenomena of recent culture No wellregulated Englishman approaches the duties of tile lay without having made an offerint from the pill box The choleric quality of his thoughts and actions hut a logical sequence The umber of our public men who according to the general belief think with their lungs or least appear to think best and most rapidly whet their lungs are in good working order is exceeding large and they are rapidly increasing The nay however be exempt from the general law In all deference to the eminent scientist this is matter upon which a judicious person finds it diffi cult to generalize Nor emit it be a matter of first th0rec is so precious little real thinking done nowaday and that little is of so doubtful excellence und utility that it matters not a great deal which parti cular organ of the boly is chargeable with tin jobOne thought suggests itself however that is the heart is the scat of thought how can the spirit seperatiotfrom t think with I Now let the Christian world make answer rite job is not of our creation a a a REINCARNATION OF SAM JONES Our readers will recall that some weeks ago wei announced the arrival of an English preacher New York imported by John D noel f ller for tine purpose of preaching in his church and that this imported evangelist known ns C F Aked declared that his particular mission was to reform the vAm rican people1 and declaim against tainted money f Since his embarkation and disembarkation on American soil he has sought by various methods ll H4 I E lon roVcrstuIPOd time bonmyls of hotim reasofi and propriety und although he proposes W conduct the New Jerusalem special from the Church of the Holy Kerosene on Fifth Avenue New York his cash fare charges consist of the use of slung and unadulterated lying against the cause of Frjee thought in England Either he is trying to get through on a bluff or he ought to be tappets for the WillieS Like numerous others of his countrymen he foolishly imagines that Americans know so little of the do ings of the English people that he can deliberately he about them mind expect Americans to believe him He forgets that Americans are a reading people and they are as well posted upon the trend of religious and political events on time other side of the big pond as many Englishmen and mqre than some 1true to his sacred calling and following time nut ural proclivities of the cloth he seeks to regale his hearers by assuring them that Secular Se cularism Does not this reverend blatherskites know that the National Secular Society of England has just closed a successful conference and that Secular lecturers are still scouring the country Does he not also know that as a result of tiltt Secular agitation in England the nonconfromisfc church party has forced an education bill through parliament haying for its object a separation of the mesalliance of church and state and the corn plete secularization of the schools Are these tp be taken as evidences that Secularism is dead or that while the reverend fakir may not have deliberately lied he is powerful reckless with his handling of the truht These events are both ro cent and successful True in the course of exist once Secularism and Secularists and Secularisu leaders tray die but the lmsd they championed and stood for cannot die because it is purely QI this world audUlust exist coeval with itfBut Mr Aked gives himself dead away CojJf tinning his discourse he said Today the bes Christians lire the best Secularists and this is art admission that Secularism was a blessing to mnu kind is still a blessing to all who will receive it and that the Secular teaches of all nations and ages have been and are still the true saviors and emancipators oi the race This acknowledgement evidently canif from him in an unguarded moment It is a complete answer to all the criticism offered against the Secular cause by the church and the advocates of the Christian religion It is n verdict from which the church has no right to appeal and Ithe workers in the Freethought cause in Eng Jand and on this side of the ocean arc willing to take Mr Abed at his word In regard to his slang he is a rank imitator There is nothing original about him He has evidently been close student of the Samj Jones variety of Christian vaudeville mind he falls into the habit easily and readily At a recent Chau tauqua meeting Mr Aked made a speech and in the reports of that speech he is quoted as saying L A young mans religion is but time same as preacherclearns that there will be people in his congrega lion who dont wear bonnets In American Must of your hymns are doggerel You still singing trash in of your churches There are any number of beautiful hymns but you hart dare use them They are too liberal too free too human Your hymnals arc rubbish be cause you are afraid to use the beautiful religious poems which your own writers have given to the world As fur the veryday Britisher from the tinge he rises in the morning from his bed titter taking two little liver pills made in America he uses American products Is it any wonder that we Bri tishers hearing the saying that America is bounded on the north by the Aurora Borealis or the south by the Anarctic Oscan on the east by the rising sun and on west by the Judgment DaySuch choice collection takes the gilt edge off Mr Akeds vocabulary It is true that many a young man refuses to accept the religion of his maiden aunt also his married relatives of the fem inine variety It is also true that many a young man refuses to accept the religion of his mother trod father and this is coming closer home than Mr Aked probably suspected In this principle lies the secret of the worlds great progress for if every child had stuck to the religion of its parents for the past few centuries we would not know Free thought even in this day But Mr Aked evidently has an eye to business He wants the young men to understand that they can enter his church ad lib itum and not be compelled to subscribe to a ready mride creed Hc wishes them to understand that they can have any old kind of a religious belief so long as they creep into his church edifice andchip in liberally when the plate is passed round He knows that pompadours pay better than bonnets so far as the cash end of the business is concerned- In the second paragraph above quoted Mr Aked attepts to rise into the realm of spiritually after such a material suggestion concerning the young men He denounces American hymns as doggerel This nay be taken to mean that they are entirely too stagey opearbouffe as it were and manifest too little of that devotional feeling which the cut dried theologian with an eye to business pre fers to see among h congregation Declaring that the church hymusof America are entirely too liberal too free too human he belies his argument about seculiirjjimi creeping into the church for the good of Mr Aked and his tribe If the best Christians anre the best secularists as Mr Aked has stated then how could it he ppssible that time American church hynuial is too liberal too free too human Secularist stands for liberality in all things Secularism is the old guardsman of freedom Secularism is the quintessence of humans Evidently Mr Aked should have a more con RUrliuC t1litV7rTitflPtlit things unto all mien and preach conflicting doc trines to different audiences As for the third paragraph the joke has be come too stale to deserve continent It has been old ennough to vote for nearly fifty years It may he that Mr Aked is like unto the Irishman who licked the first Jew he met on the street because he lad not hears that the Jews killer Christ before yesterday a WHAT MEN DO NOT KNOW ABOUT THE SOUL The human soul is likened unto an oyster Once let a man determine upon making an ass of himself and he will go the full limit It is perhaps as well that he does for there is no use in doing things by halves If a man desires to acquire fame he should strive to attain it If he wants to become a fool it is his own business Not so very long ago a coterie of Bostonese doc tOts pretended to have weighted the soul Under stand they did not actually have the soul on the scales and know it was a soul but merely guessed at the subject because they found a difference in the weight of a living and a dead body The short age was held to be the soul mind its departure from the body accounted for the loss in weight The Blade suggested at the time that these religioscien tists had allowed themselves to fall into a bad case of jimjams but we arenowconfrontedwith a case of worse damtphoolishness by a musician of Mt Vera non who claims that he can photograph the Isoul and furnish the world with a pictorial fac flimilof that alleged portion of man that is des tined to either sing hallelujah through all eternity or get toasted on a gridiron Couldsuch an experiment be successfully made it would be worth the trouble Materialism would thus be silenced It would cause the Christian ligion to stand pat on every psychological proposi tion upon which it been foundering for fifty years or more It would be a full andcomplete answer to all Freethought argument When thin photograph has been nlade the Blade will pur chase a copy if it has time price have a cut made publish the picture in its columns and renounce Freethought as a sham and take to preaching In any event there would be moro money in it But the Blade is not uneasy about having to fulfil such photographmusician could photograph a musical note or a discordas it cam from an instrument In another column the Blade publishes a copy of the dispatches which tells of the proposed undertak ing The statement made by this New Englander is enough to disclose what he is Just aspolitlcianswill profess a religion which they do not hcleve and lomvliich they have no personal use for the sake of Preferment mind gain so we presume this mus ician is in need of pupils or wants a fat job in soiyr f f lJ r r dl church and he is playing a strong hand in the hope of landingNo readers as the soul cannot he weighed neither can it be photographed The reason is plain There is no soul to weigh or photograph If there were such a thing as a soul the beef trust would have got a corner on the market and made them into sausage meat long before this The soul huts no more real existence than Christian charity Both arc merd for rhetoric and mak ragtTime plan proposed is to photograph the soul just as it leaves the body At the same time the professor of music declares in an interview that an angel comes and removes the soul from the body so we presume that it would also be possible to get a photograph of the angel while in the act so that a faithful record of the transaction would be made and by these means two birds would be killed with one shot for it would also prove the existence of angels as well as souls To snap the camera on the angel would be just as easy as snapping it on the soul we offer this as a suggestion worthy of consideration If a plate of the entire seance can heImade it will he worth money to the person making itaattemptsdescribing it as an oyster or a mollusk but we opine that if there is any oyster connection with this subject it is the Mt Vernon musician a a DONT BE A RIP VAN WINKLE If we to win in time great intellectual struggle the friends of Freethought must wake up The day the hour is at hand when we must cease to be modern Rip Van Winkles and refuse to when we ought to be active awake sleepINever at any previous stage in the worlds greutIhistory have time people been better prepared loosening of the ties that have held thom bound to orthodox creeds All along the line there is a general and wholesale disposition to abandon the creeds of Luther Calvin Knox and Wesley and as these represent the socalled nonconformist branches of the modern Christian church the result may be readily determined We never or seldom hear of the intense discussions upon the alleged infallibil ity of the Bible that marked a generation ago The very doctrine scents to have been dropped even the advocates of religion save in a few isolated hyIstances where selfinterest still controls and erns the individual The people now reaching with both hands for moralist institutions whichIstill guarantee individual consolation without the pains and penalties imposed on honest thought by religious pretension and they are demanding an in struction upon a purely secular a purely basis as distinguished from the theological hmnanIThe proper question we should each 1Inthey are partaking of thtiWftmanity of the age and we need not send a rcq t for them to capitulate That has alIicady Jfceh lone but ty is the Freethought movement tmit brought about this Wondrous change and wmust prevent the advocates of superstitu tion frni stealing the glories of the conquest Are awake then to the situation i Are your a modem intellectual Rip Van Winkle Such characft dont pay in these days The worldJwants v fling workers and positive thinkers Ac tion anc thought are necessary to accomplish theldcsired suit We must make the concern of one the cone n of all CofTer coolers dont win battles These afcWon by time men brave enough to take a positio on the firing line Then wake up Get to real1lfr1c effective work valuable work We the world in leagues of love order and progress This is a practical secularization of the eliminates theology from every cal culatioiij It presents the cosmos in a new und differaitthght But friends the cause needs you and your ieip It is easy for a man to glide down the streampf popular opinion but it requires cour age to t the current and swin up stream Every nnijnt Freethinker is doing this right now By so ling he makes of himself a desirable citizen Having fcad this far keep right on We want to tell yoiiow that time Blade needs youd help It spitepaperjutof titsit is practically at a standstill We need moroj riginul contributions to its pages To j get them mtist have the financial means neces sary to payTfor them Many of the old standbys have neglected writing for it If they continue timeIinflect thei others must and ought to be sectmredjOriginally i needed to make it go Time editor struggles mftjin an effort to do his share How well his readers alone must judge If we can double our Subscription list we can afford to get the right kind of help Do you think the Blade is worthy of this support If you do be generous enough to so and then pitch in and help If not be candil enough to declare it To help the Blade need not take a pettily from your pocket Try ind get it frfin the other fellow A little talk a little persuasive argument on your part will beIthin is necessary Make yourself an agent for the Blade anil believing it to bo a good thing push it along Dont be a RipVan Winkle a r Nobody butt Pope of Rome could over receive ministerial froth a phantasma but it was the iccessary as the Pope vauted to shift a portion of resposibility J I tff J h tIfJ II r FREETHOUCHT AND LIBERALISM An Exposition of Their Enforced Re lation to Truth Human Progress and Desirable Reform By John J Klein Tho following Interesting essay was first produced In the Humanitarian Review nand Is published In tho Blade by rcqu6st- Unpervcrted Frcethought and Lib eralism are Indispensable to tho highest enlightenment and well being and progress of mankind The cor rection or existing errors and wrong conditions cannot be fully accomplished until thero Is a more perfect recognition of tho truth And In order that humanity may make the progress that Is required to establish those more heavenly conditions which tho highest wisdom shows us are necessary for the welfare and happiness of mankind there must be an unfold ment of the truth and the conscious ness of the divine In man and In ture and a development of the mental faculties and the capacity for appre ciation and use of truth and tho spir- itualfo forces that can only bo accom pllshed by mind and thought free to act In response to the Impulses which tend to enlightenment Improvement and advancement Primarily the only hindrance to the and progress of humanity IIIlCrfectlon prevailing in regard laws and the difficul ties which are caused by the enslave ment of mind and the perversion and suppression of thought Bigotry egotism selfishness prejudice greed fear credulty superstition wrong Lab its and customs evil desires perverted appetites and wickedness of ery description all are disturbed and opposed to Freethought and prog ress Some indeed who are subject to any of these mindenslaving ele ments make a great cry about free thought liberty freedom etc but upon close Investigation It is found that It Is all noise and that they aro I still so much mentally so slaved or feebled that they do not know what free thought and true liberty and freedom are and cannot appreciate true spirit of Liberalism I Thoughtlessness carelessness regard for the claims of organized society and the means of preserving 1 Ilrlncljseek liberty only that we may wrong without restraint we aro In creasing our enslavement But If wo seek freedom and knowledge to do right wo shall receive the truth 11und be free Indeed who have confined their irminds to certain limits by creeds doctrines or narrow Ideas those who i depend upon the Ignorance of the j people to enable them to live and 4emnrich themselves without doing any labor by appropriating themselves an undulylarge share of tho natural resources of earth 1which really belong to mankind col lectively and a portion of what tho labor of others produced and all those who are too lazy to think for themselves or who have burled themselves under a lot of mental rub bish or filth of bad habits and who are either entirely In mental darkness or are led by those first above men tioned all these are not mentally free and directly or Indirectly oppose free thought and liberalism whether they profess to bo Freethinkers or not biasedIof being free and mak And as long as anyone 1Ilosslblllties to allow everyone freely on any subject their honest opinions ho Is not able to appreciate or to practice Freethought or Liberalism True progress In both Individual perfection and the general Improvement of mankind and all true hap piness is only attained In proportion to tho extent to which the mind Is freo to think to their logical end all thoughts which come to it and as tho mind Is broadened by experience and tho different faculties aro dove oped by use wo learn to see tho truth more clearly and aro able to sep arate it from other statements ideas thoughts that may not bo pure truth and to use it In building up and per fectlng our being and In arranging our relations so as to insure greatest happiness for ourselves and so many others as may bo affected by our thoughts and actions II Wo must do our own thinking In II order to got t 2 baaellclal effects 1 of tho truth In our lives Others may help us to find the truth and God tho forces of nature impelling perfection may prompt us to seek and use the truth But no one not oven God can do our thinking for us We as Individuals develop our in dividual being to perfection and ox perience tho degree of pleasure and happiness corresponding to the degree of perfection which we attain only In proportion as we are free to ncquljIIltlontical application of the same in our life and relations lust as one Indiv idual cannot take food and exercise to sustain and perfect another Individuals body but each nest feed and exercise his own body In order to perfect the same so ono Individual cannot acquire knowledge and conduct tho mental digestion of ideas to build up tho soul including character and all that pertains to spiritual being of another but each must receive and assimilate the principles of truth Into own being and exercise the different faculties and functions of his being in order to attain perfection usefulness and happiness Tho best we con do for ono another is to bo mutually helpful and by example and precept lead one another to think those thoughts and do thoso things which shall promote our welfare and happiness The real use of Ideas and thoughts and things must be made by our own Individual efforts to do us the good that is Intended No true reform can be accomplished by compulsion Restraint and all rev strlctlve measures should be applied only In so for as may be necessary to prevent Individuals or sets of dividuals from doing Injury to them selves or others But the real reform In any Individual Is only accomplished in proportion as he Is made free to think and act the higher purer dl vine thoughts of truth And that liar many in the relations of mankind which Is necessary for both the Indiv idual and tho general welfare can only be established by the adapting of Freethought and Liberalism Including freedom from bias and prejudice and love and goodwill to all mankind Diversity of opinion Is good and if rightly used helps us to broaden our views of truth The different creeds doctrines and ideas may help us to get a better knowledge of the truth and the different practices and ways of living are giving mankind experiences which lead up to greater perfection Prayer praise and all kinds of services aro helpful in so Jar uS they help us to cultivate right conditions for receiving lessons from the perfect being whom we wor ship Faith is a good thing In so far as It helps us to be hopeful and to continue the efforts for improvement True Freethought and Liberalism recognize tho fact that all things may be good for somethingremain freo to think and act along those lines which shall enable each separately and all collectively to nuke the right use of science and philosophy and the different thoughts experiences and les sons of tho history of mankind to promote individual and general Im provement progress and happiness UI things work together for good to thoso are free to cooperate with the forces of nature In securing the blessings of lif- eGOSPELS NOTAUTHORIZED Continued Fourth lige At this mature age of fourteen tho highpriest made the discovery oh at any rato made a public orderthat Mary along with some other of tho Temple virgins should go homo and get married Or as the Gospel naively phrases it endeavor to be married All the other damsels who had preserved their virginity for such an unconscionable period yield ed ready obedience to the high priests decree Mary alone created a difficulty by refusing to go This recalcitrance on tho part of Mary necessitated that tho priest should consult God about tho matter and quite a fuss was made A girl of fourteen who was not eager to jump at tho first chanco of marriage PalesIpal persons both of Jerusalem and tho neighboring places had to bo called together to deliberate and advise rev garding such a remarkable circum stance How ultimately Mary was consigned to the arms of tho elderly Joseph Is familiar history we mean worthy of noto in passing that Mary Is declared In tho Pro tovangollon to have been under fif teen years of ago when she conceived by Holy Ghost This somewhat detracts from the truthfulness of the various paintings of tho Virgin and child which artists turned out by the scoro when Catholic Church was tho paymaster of art Christian ar tists of tho most Bohemian v type have had tho decency to repres ent tho Inamorata of tho third per son of Trinity as being of a moro nurture age than fourteen Possibly the author of the Protovangellon had more regard for the truth than for seemliness When we como to the Gospel of theIsupplies many Incidents connected with tho childhood of Christ Some of these Incidents are of such ana ture that we cannot repeat them oven In the pages of an obscene journal like Freethinker Which may bo matter for astonishment to tho Rev Stanley Parker of Wool wich with his opinion of this paper The eaarly Christian Fathers and Church writers had strong stomachs and were faithful to Old Testament usage in their disinclination to call a spade an agricultural Implement However some of the reported In cidents In tho Infantile career of Jesus are funny without being out rageously vulgar or of unquestiona ble propriety Wo are solemnly as sured that Jesus when In his cradle told his mother who he was and what ho had been sent for This was miracle number ono Then the midwife who attended at tho Interest ing function of his birth was miraculously mado whole Though no Indication Is given of the good woman being afflicted with any precise all ment except old age For tho reason given above we must omit one or two Incidents at this stage When Joseph and Mary and the Infant Jesus took that trip into Egypt for the good of their health they had some lively adventures In the course of their travels they came to a great city where there was an Idol with an attendant priest The priest had a son three years old who was possessed with a great multitude of devils Which was begin ning rather early This unfortunate infant had the peculiar habit of walking about naked with his clothes torn Though how he managed that remarkable feat Is not explained to us But the visit of young Jesus caused the idol to fall down and the devils to leave the prleuts son who at the ago of three forthwith gan to sing praises and give thanks to God and furnished to his father a most lucid account of how he had beets cured Indeed tho Gospel of tho Infancy presents us with a perfect string of miraculous occurances It reads like the Arabian Nights Mary looks up on a woman In whom Satan had taken up his abode and site at once be comes dispossessed infant Christ Is kissed by a bride who had been made dumb by sorcerers and the dumb Immediately speaks Probably the bridegroom would not bo grateful eternally Then Satan is driven out of another woman in whom he had made his dwelling place Sa tan seems to hove been partial to wo men in thoso days and when he was evicted from one cooly took up his residence In another One wonders where he lives nowadays Then a leprous girl is cured and leprous son of a prince Further a young man who had been bewitched and turned into a mule Is miraculously cured by Christ being put on his back Not only so but the metamor phosed mule marries the exleprous girl The Jews are a practical peer pie and even in their romancing have a fine sense of the fitness of things Many other miracles are performed which considerations of space forbid us to recount We aro told that Jos eph and Mary were handsomely warded by those In whose behalf the various miracles were wrought On the whole Joseph must have found that the miracle working lay paid much better than carpentry The alsoIof miracles They brought In much moro money than honest work the caso of tho Holy Family tlu mir acle working faculty must have been especially useful as we are Informed somewhat ungenerously that Joseph was unskillful at his trade So much so that Jesus had miraculously to put right many of tho Jobs Joseph made a botch of In fact Jesus must havo been a handy child to have about tho place Whenever Joseph made anything too long or too short too wide or too narrow Jesus had but to stretch his hand towards it and presently It became as Joseph would have It In spite of Josephs Indifferent workmanship he secured an Important contract Tho King of Jerusalem sent for him one day and gave him orders for construction of a now wooden throne Joseph managed to make this Job spin- out to two years Even in the lengthy period of two years however Joseph failed to construct tho throne to tho exact specifications and Jesus eventually had to stretch It out to the required size Ono feels that Jesus might have done the whole thing from b4k tho start and not have his old fntlier tolling mid sweating and ad dUng his bruins for two whole years to no purpose Hut Gods ways are not our ways Many other amusing passages In the Apocryphal Gospels might be commented on but perhaps enough has been said to show that much less entertaining books could bo chosen with which to spend a pleasant Sunday aftern- oonHELL LOCATED IN SUN Unable to Find a Suitable Place Upon Which to Put Hell New Yorker Tries Solar Orb By Rev Y H Copp Where Is hell Tho question has been asked often and answers made an Inquiring world begin to think question was unanswerable But now out of the silence It is answered once again this time literally definitely confidently dogmaticallySA minister at the national capital proclaims hi discovery of hell lIe points triumphantly to It displayed In all Its expanse of undying flames so radiant as to illuminate face of tho earth so vast In extent as to hold all the sinners who have depart ed from earth through a million years If hell were any part of the earth or situated in it the Blblcal promise that the curse placed upon the ground at the time of the evpulsion of Adam from Eden could not be carried out except by tho creation of a new hell or the removal of the old one to a new location That in substance Is one of the chief reasons why the Rov Zed Hetzel Copp whose ancestors aro burled on Copps Hill In Boston believes hell Is in the According to Re velatlon says the- Re Zed Copp when the curse Is removed from the ground there will no longer be need of the sun the moon of the stars The capital of the new world the new Jerusalem will be lighted by the glory of God The sun will have rlsappeared By the process of elimination tho uselessness of the sun except as a place of punishment for the transgressors of the Divine law is shown much more clearly than any proposi tion that hell is in or of the earth Mr Copp laid down these propositions to a small congregation In Beth any Chapel a mission n the red light district of Washington a short time ago and thereby acquired a notoriety front which he does not shrink because he believes ho has como nearer answering the ungodly scoffers Inquiry Where Is hell than any other man clamming to bo an orthodox Christian Bethany Chapel is a part of the Vow York Avenue Presbyterian Churchs establishment In Washington Associate Justice Harlan of the Supreme Court of the United States Is one of the churches members In addition to being an assistant pastor Mr Copp Is a probation officer of the Juvenile Court His days therefore are devoted to ministrations to the social out casts and incorrigible children was brought up In the orthodox way said Mr Copp but In the days of my young manhood I read Ingersoll Paine and Voltaire and for a tine was Inclined to an acceptance of their principles or whatever you desire to call them But was savedI from that by a desire to truth which led mo to a reading of the Bible and a consultation of its own words for the explj nation of its mysteries It Is its own best authority and expounder The question Where Is hell has always been ono demanding an onswer thought about tho matter und prayed about It too but one day while riding along a country road In California it came to me not as a revelation because do not claim to have ever been made receplent of such attention but as you writers would say as an Inspiration that sun must be the place of punishment The earth is composed of com bustible materials materials that would burn out In a comparatively short time were thieve such a fire In It as burns In hell The Idea that the place of punishment Is in tho interior of the earth probably arises from tho of the adverb down and tho verb desended In the Apostles Creed It Is said lIe desended Into hell In other place tho rebel angels aro repre sented as belnng Hung from the ram parts of heaven and falling an Immea surable distance to tho earth But the desent into hell was nude after the resurrection Wo do not know whence the desent was made Into hell a ri There Is nothing to indicate it was from a place on earth or In the hen Venn If that tho creedmakers knew whether desent from on high tho fact that the word desended was used Indicates merely that hell Is below heaven but does not give an Idea of where the place of punishment Is Besides It must be remembered that any change from the worse Is represented as a downward move Wo speak of a man going down when he is yielding to temptation probably because when men are In a fight the loser falls In the same wa he los of his fight by Lucifer followed by tho falling through space but vliiier Is only an Inference In every attempt to describe hell ia the thought has been that It is a fire of the kind that we know except that it never burns out The sun is tho only place In the universe where it appears there is such a fire All the scientists the world has ever known havo not been able to offer a reasonable explanation of the solar phenomena of giving light and heat without the slightest diminution in the bulk of the sun The great so called God of day has been under In telligent observation long enough to have shown diminution of bulk In the processes that glee us light and heat are at all like the process of creating heat and light on the earththat Is of the ordinary burning of cumbust Ible materials An orthodox hell must be as ever burning brimstone The lake of burn Ing brimstone spoken o in the Bible cannot bo supplied with anything found on earth Everything on earth that gives forth light and heat or either without the other decreases In bulk that can supply easily In mea sured flaming sword of the angel that kept Adam and Eve out of tho Garden of Eden after their expulsion must have been of the kind not known to mortals The pillar of cloud that preceded the children of Israel In their flight from Egypt was another unearthly kind of light To the Israel ites It was a bright beason to the pursuing Egyptians it was a black cloudThe place of punishment was created before man and was put to use before any son of Adam and Eve had an opportunity to transgress the law of their Creator It was created before the earth was In existence be fore the coming of the earth In Its present form and the creation of man The sun In the only object In the universe that fills the bill of parti culars of having an everlasting fire which existed before the advent of man and the earth That It can have no place in the New Jerusalem Is made manifest by the assurance in Revelation that these will be no need of tho sun moon and stars To mo It seems certain that when that time comes the mm will dis appear with its load of condemned beings human and angelic to the place In space set aside ror ex piation of the offense of having defied God and broken all His command ments WAR CONTINUES The Elgin and Waltham Watch Cos have Indirectly declared war on John Dueber of the Hampden Watch Co and smaller competitors By con tin ually reducing prices they hope to drive out competitors or force them Into a trust John C many times a millionairebut who employes Union Labor only will not Join them In their nefarious scheme Ho promptly meets all reductions made by the older companies until now watches are actually sold far below value Note the latest quotations 23jeweled Spl Ry 26 New Ry 24 Jeweled 20 John Hancock 21 Jewels 1650 or Dueber W Co 21 jewels only 515 Elgin Vertas 23 Jls 29 Father Time 21 jls 2250 B W Ray mon 19 jls 20 B W HaymondI Jls 1850- Waltham Vanguard 23 Jls Crescent Street 21 Jls 2250 Ap pleton Tracey Co Premier The above guaranteed to pass Way Inspectors Sundries Waltham P S Bartlett or Elgin Wheeler 17 jls ad justed nickel same gilt same Hampden nickel 800 same not ad justed Elgin Waltham or Hampden nickel Elgin or Waltham nickel noncatchable hair spring Hampden jls gilt 450 Stand ard of Century 7 jls All the above In 3 or ounce sll verlno cases prepaid In silver or gold filled screw cases accompanied by manufacturers and my guarantee for 20 years or In hunting case more In 25 years screw case or in hunting case S50 more than In sllvcrlne case In solid gold caso to 50 moro Buy now When this war Is over you will tiny 30 per cent more LADIES GOUD WATCHES Large size Elgin Waltham or Hampden 20year gold filled latest style artistic handchased jls 15 jls 11 16 Jls adj small t size 7 jls 1150 jls 15 16 Jls adj Riverside extra fine In 25year case more In 14k solid gold case to 50 more Lat tel with diamonds all In plush box prepaid with guarantee Send for prices of Watches not list ed Jewelry Rings Silver and Plated Ware Optical Goods and My Tract Theism in the Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN La Grange Cook Co Ill fRAILWAY INSTHE STATES A list of the greatest railroad 1111followsKilled1856Camphlll 80188iChatsworth1888 Mud Run Pa ec J471903Laurel1904 Eden Col 94 G31901Phmon 41906Woodville iIDeaths b HrtheKilled Injured 29027V3oooooooooo 7147 36652 40393fkI89Joooooooooo 6136 3376S 38687Jf910882J8 i 50320j22Soooooo1803 r9840 76553 84155iJ y oooooo 7M73 Unofficial i DEBATE IN PAMPHLET FORM 1luHantwordsTraveler New Hope Ark rr Jt 1000 BOOK for 100 WIll mall on receipt of SW0mSBLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers Box Lexington I SOC HIGH BRIDGE AND RETURN SUNDAY AUG 11 JiI Tickets Good Leaving i Lexington on Train No5 or jon Train at 100 a m j JDanclnJMusic Dining Hall meals both a la carte and table do hote J Swings and Shelter HousesIAsk ticket agent for particularsf i tlrlttea fSs warns ROBERT G INGERSOLL f BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers a t c1r1 rI 1ContinuedRULE from first pagee archlsts as Count Tolstoi could pos sibly desire to exclude him from the i United States It almost seems as I though most people were still so unen IIreglchleresistant of resentment of tryanny might become excusable Thus it is that the vast multltude Yhose educa- tiont Js limited to d newspaper ii tell igence stupidly assume that no one but an anarchist of necessity condones such taking of human life Noth 4lugof course could be further from the fact hut out of this Ignorance it conies that every attempt at violence upon iofficials is charged against anarchists even before it is known who the perpetrator was and without knowing or caring wether he was an anarchist a socialist an ordinary democrat a man with a personal grudge or a lunatic From such foundation of ignorance comes the result that we punish those who disagree with the English tyrant of a couple of centuries ago who said that the worst government Imaginable was better than no government at all For the benefit of those whose idol ence precludes them from going to a dictionary to find out what anarch ism stands for I will take the space necessary to quote Professor Huxley on the subject He says Doubtless it is possible to imagine a true Civltas Del in which every mans moral faculty shall be such as leads him to control all those desires which run counter to the good of mankind and to cherish only those which conduce to the welfare of soc iety and In which every mans native intellect shall be sufficiently strong and his culture sufficiently extensive to enable him to know what he ought to do and to seek after And in that blessed State police will be as much a superfluity as every other kind of government Anarchy as a term of political philosophy must be taken 5onlynothing to do with disorder or with crimes but denotes a state of society in which the rule of each individual by himself Is the only government the legitimacy of which is recognized Anarchy as thus far defined is the logical outcome of the form of politi cal theory which for the last half century and more has been known L4 under the name of individualism And men who merely believe this beautiful ideal attainable are unfit residence r in a land that boasts of rfreedom of conscience and press Surely people who only ask the liberty of trying to persuade their fellowmen to abolish government through passive resistance cannot pos slbly be a menace to any institution worth maintaining yet such men we deny admission into the United States It they chance to be Russians we send them back perhaps to end their days as Siberian exiles and all because they have expressed a mere abstract dls belief in government though accom panted only by a desire for passive resistanceIt for me to believe that there Is any sane adult worthy to an American who knows something of our revolutionary history who does not believe revolution by force to ba morally justifiable under some circumstances as perhaps in Russia and who would not defend the revolution ist if compelled to live in Russia and l denied the right to even agitate for peaceful reform And yet free Amer ican by a congressional enactment denies admission to the United States of any Russian patriot who agrees with us In this opinion even though he has no sympahy whatever with an archists Ideals It is enough that he justifies even though in open battle for freedom the unlawful killing of any tyrant officer of any civilized nation having an organized govern ment Here then is the final legis lative announcement that no tryanny however heartless or bloody of any civilized nation having an organized government can possibly justify vio lent resistance It was a violation of this law to admit Maxim Corny into this country though ho is not an anarchist lu the State of New York although Isatisfied with American conditions and f and although you believe in democratic government If you should orally or In print advocate the cause 1offorcible revolution against Russia or against any civilized nation hav an organized government you AIng be liable under a State statute to a fine of 5000 and ten years im prisonment besides Have we thenI freedom of conscience speech and l press I Do we love liberty or know its meaning Yes it may be that a dispassionate and enlightened judge must declare t such laws unconstitutional but such judges are us scarce as the seekers after martyrdom who are willing to make a test case Hence we all sub mit to this tyranny Furthermore- the same hysteria which could make legislators believe they had the power to pass such n law in nil probability would also induce courts of the State lide said to me that it must be n very stupid lawyer who could not write a plausible opinion on either side of any case that over came to an appel late court Given the mental predis position Induced by popular panic to gether with intense emotions and It easy very easy to formulate verbal Interpretations by which the constitu tional guarantees are explained away or exceptions interpolated a common process for the judicial amendment of laws mid constitutions If then we truly believe In the liberty of conscience speech and press we oust place ourselves again square ly upon the declaration of rights made by our forefathers anti defend the right of others to disagree with us even about the beneficence of govern ment As when your neighbors house is on fire your own danger so the pro tection of your liberty should begin when It Is menaced by a precedent which attacks your opponents equal ity of opportunity to express his Ills agreement with you Let us then unite for tho repeal of these Inqult ous laws born of hysteria and popu lar panic and maintained In thought less disregard of others Intellectual freedom MAN Continued from first page so only by extending the conception of the will to the whole world If say There is to come a future mean merely my will acknowledges deeds yet to be done and defines as the future reality of me universe a will continuous with my willa world will in whose expression my present deed has its 111aceiWe are now enveloped in a fine Scotch mist but we shall soon be out of it and we shall appreciate the clear bracing atmosphere of commonsense all the more for having passed through It The question which nat urally arises here Is what bearing has this definition of time upon the problem of immorality The conten tion is that all our wills are to gether partial expressions of a single conscious volitional processth whereby the worldwill get expressed in finife forms and deeds This finite worldprocess In all its parts Is nnI imperfect expression of a being who is within it and beyond Ita being omnipotent amnlpresent absolutely perfect yet expressing or realizing himself in and by means of imperfec tion The most perfect expression of God yet discovered Is man and yet the fact of which man is most keenly conscious is his own imperfection He is at war with himself dissatisfied with his present opportunity to ex press his will Therefore ho de minds a future and must have it He Is a will burning to do something to express Itself ever more perfectly to find final satisfaction selfpeace Such is the working out of Profes sor Royces argument for personal Im morality It Is a wellreasoned argument but the reasoning is altogether in a circle Unproved assertions are used to prove each other and there fore nothing Is proven The existence of a worldwill is only a hypothesis the only will known to us being the individual will All other wills are simply conceptual visionary God whether Immanent of transcendent or both is likewise merely an assume tion for the proving or disproving of which we have absolutely no data IIthebased upon it is utterly gratuitous and any argument based upon it is utterly worthless Listen to this A man endures In time while his body lives but this is only the man as viewed in relation to the clocks and to the calenders the phenomenal matthe man of the street and the market place of the psychological laboratory and of the scientific record of the insurance agents and of the newspapers That is the quintessence of flip pancy Man in the body is the only man wo know He who walks along the street transacts business in th records works in the psychological laboratory and writes prints and reads newspapers he is they very man who thinks and loves and strug gles and performs deeds of will and purpose No other sort of man has ever yet givon himself realisable ex pression Men out of the body and out of time exists alone In the met aphysicians brain To commoQ sense idealism is laughably absurd Take his sentence Matter is a conceptual entity a phenimenon a creation of the scientific point of view The meaning Is that matter is not real does not exist except phenomenally The human body is a mere appearance a phantom only reality being mind soul spirit Mctaphysls ally this may be sound doctrine but practically it Is unadulterated non- asense If n rock were to roll down the mountainside and fall on Pro i t lessor Royce would the rock be theni nothing but n conceptual eullt phenomenon a creations of the scientific point of view And whore would then be the real man now claimId to resident in the lessor Ro ce the man of the and the philosophical classroom pbtnomcnil rock Is yet real enough to destroy all traces of the mind which is supposed to constitute the real man No we cannot distinguish between man nnl his body because apart from the body there Is not the shadow of evidence that man exists Science recognizes Ill such distinction It Is very easy to assert that the brain Is only the instrument of mind but woud be safe to challenge the wisest man living to demonstrate the exist ence of mind without brain Therefore we legltinately conclude that the man who stands before you In the form of nn untainted piece of matter in the only man whoso existence Is verifiable There he Is with his lass mutes and disharmonies his joys and his sorrows his strength and his weakness his plcasurers and his ferings Can you for n moment Imag Inge that an omnipotent and allgood God made him and delights to see himself reflected in hints Professor Royce actually says that the ab solutely perfect God produced such a shocking Imperfect creature In order that his gaining perfection through unspeakable suffering might enhance the Divine blessedness Of course In so far as man is God or a manifesto tion of God God himcelf Is imperfect and is now slowly being made fect through animal and human suf fering Rut dismissing such an tolerable nod Impossible whether transcendent or immanent we must be content to think of man as member of a race full of imperfec bus structural anti functional and existing in fulfilment of no intelligible purpose whatever What the object procluctanyk1yofftthwaaETAONINN of existence Is If It has any no can tell Intelligence Is a comparat Ivoly recent product of the process of evolution and purpose is the offI spring of Intelligence and the amount of purpose any being brings to bear upon life is In exact proportion to the hee possesses Professor Royces says God In eternity wins the conscious satisfac tion of my essential personal needI So much I can assert Yes so muchI and much more but no amount o asserting makes a thing true God In eternity Is an empty phrase All we know is that we live as part and parcel of Nature and that our hap piness in life is depended upon our degree or harmony with our surround- Ings The real man is he who manages to get the most out of life fo 9 himself and his neighbors the man who makes the street and the market place the psychological laborator and the scientific record insurance agents and newspapers contributories to the efficiency of his life as a memo her of the race He is the real man who attends to the education of his brain and of the brains of the rising generations The real man Is a love of his kind and a practical worker not a mere dabbler In metaphysical subtleties and fantastical speculations The real man cares nothing about per sonal immortality aftor death bu Is prepared to spend his life in the service of the race that its perman ence may be crowned with joy and happiness CHRIST CANNON AND CRANKS ifontimiitl Front ngp Onll and to spike the cannon and destroy the musketry of a civilized nation would be equivalent to that nation swinging back into the ruts of barbarism then let us doff our hats to the nation which boasts of the greatest standing army and which Is able to destroy more human lives at the mouth of the cannon than any other nation for if civilization must depot upon cannon Instead of Christ then let every American citizen petition Congress to enact n law that will beo drafted and every army chaplain to shoulder a musket and Instead of puncturing theair with Josnnnaa and hallelujahs to the lamb of God let them shoot grape and cannlstcr Into their congregations and start them on their road to glory with their hides full of buckshot- If the doctrine that Mr Roosevelt advocates Is true then why should not the American people rebel at having to pay hundreds of dollars each year to a set of IlrlestsI and preachers for acting as chaplains In our army and navy for If it Is the cannon in tead of Christ that we aro to depend upon for our civilization then why not use what money we pay these chaplains in buying more can non ns we should have as much of a good thing as our money will buy come to think about it why not do away with the chaplain in the MitI 1 M 1 t Lower House of Congress mid the United States Senate and buy a few carbines with that wasted money mid it might be possible that we could use those carbines to a good ndvunt age and start a wave of Roosevelt civilization right In the United States Senate by turning these weapons upon about onethird of that bunch of national pirates Now tho store we think about this waste 01 money in hiring chaplains tno more it worries us as you see each State Leg islature and each city county and state Institution has a chanlaln who gets n dive Into the public funds and If all of this money could be saved to each state what a hunch of fire arms we could accumulate to help advance civilization and keep the nations of the earth from going back Into barbarism We supose that If Mr Rosevelt lives up to his belief he will spend this forty thousand dollar Nobel pence prize that he re ceived fro attic Norwegian Parliament for army muskets Instead of bibles hymn books Oh say arent we a hell of a set to want to spend a life time trying to civilize and Christianize this nation with the Bible when we could do It In n jiffy by way of the cannon route Lets sing When the Roll Is Called Up Yonder Ill Be There With a shotgun GOSPELSNOT LighgUpon the Central Figures- of the Christian Faith THEeAPOCRYPHAL WRITING- e By Scott Two of the most amusing of the Apocryphal Gospels are the Gaspel of the Birth of Mary the mother Jesus mid the Gospel known as th Ion Protevangel ETAOllIIIIIIAOOOO Protevangellon In the former which only consists of eight chapters we are supplied with some Interesting details regarding the birth and childhood of that remarkable woman who became the heroine of the Christian version of the legend of the virgin birth The- Protevangellon while covering In Its earlier portion much the same ground with the Gospel of Mary goes Into greater detail in Its sixteen chapters and castles the narrative well on ino the Infancy of Jesus In the Gospel of Mary we arc told that prior to the bringing forth of that phenomenal child who was destined to be Queen of the Christian Heaven her mother Anna was a barren woman Most wo conceiveyThe peculiarity about Btbical women is that a supernatural visitation ap peared to be necessary before their childbearing functions could be brought Into play The case of Marys mother wasaccording to the verac rloos chronicler no exception Slue had lived for twenty years with her husband but was without child until angelsThe reasons given for her being watt ed upon by a heavenly agent are Instructive It is not a difficult task when perusing the Holy Scripture to place ones linger on passage which could not have been written by other than a priest they are so obviously dictated by consideration for priestly interests We come across similar passages in the Apocryphal Gospels which Gospels be it rcimembered though subsequently rejected were moted y the early Fathers us of equal authority with tne preset Can presencechcytvgdnobofETAOIINIQ on and undoubtedly used with equal If not greater freedom by the early Christians We are Informed that the lives of Joachim and Anna were plain and right in the sight of God pious and faultless before men For they divided all their substance Into three parts one of which they devoted to the Temple and office of the Temple Italics ours another they distribut ed among strangers and persons In poor circumstances and the third they reserved for themselves and the uses of their own family In this manner they lived for about twenty years chastely In the favor of God without any children passage we have italicized narks a considerable advance on tho Old Testament Injunction regarding the giving of tithes to the priests Those who find favor with God give a third of their income to the hangers on of the skirt of Deity Doubtless this is meant as a command but as a counsel of perfection it sufficiently indicates however what was regard ed as spcclaly meritorious in the sight of God by the priestly concoc ters of the Book of Mary The angle that vlsiter the holy Joachim and the devout Anna seems to have been a remarkably loquacious and communicative spirit lie obllg 1 1 y Ingly explains why Cod closes the womb of some women and exhibits his acquaintance with Old Testament literature by citing the Instances of Sarah and undid and the mothers of Samson and Samuel who were all childless until late In life mid till God rook the matter In hand himself In spite of the angels eloquence Holy Joachim appears to have been rather sceptical on the subject It Is really remarkable howobdurate the Old Tes lament and Gospel characters were They never would take Gods word for anything They lived In a cou stout atmosphere of the supernatural yet were always demanding fresh proofs for everything And the stilt more remarkable circumstances Is that they always got those proofs Or so they say It is not unfair we moderns should be expected to take so much on trust and should be nounced as Infidels and moral sters If we humbly cravo just a little crumb of proof of the existence of the supernatural Force seems to here been very lavishly supplied In old days fine we are keeping Joachln and the angel waiting The angel then as we say evidently realizing the futility of appeals to what he calls reason on the ab si rust subject of female barrenness promise to loachln In order to con vince him the concrete fact of the birth of a daughter This promise Is accompalned by the usual instructions as to what she shall be called and how shall be brought up They do not tacit attention to detail in heaven Tiles Instructions with variations are repeated by the ungel on his subsequent visit to holy Anna It angeltonly We note the fact that according to this Gospel Joachim and Anna were In formed by the angelic messenger that their daughter would bo the future theSsad Ignorance of Mary on the subject as recorded In the Canonical Gos pels somewhat surprising Though chldrenfignorancee theyIacquainted In duo course little Mary appeared Prodigies be gan to be worked early In her career At the age of three on being taken to the Temple by her parents she mounted the fifteen steps leading to the alter of hnrnt offering without oily assistance A separate chapter of the Gospel of Mary is de voted to the narration of this stup endous miracle A Mozart playing and composing music at the age of three Is aas nothing to this At the tender age mentioned Joachim and Anna left little Mary In the keeping of the priests of the Temple and any further connection between Mary and her parents was apparently broken off She entirely drops out of their life and It somas hardly worth their while to have had a child at alMary was brought up In the Temple amongst the other virgins who In general do not seem to have been olf enough to have been anything else hue virgins sad in other words of the Jdrsookher Which is a nasty slap at poor old Joahlm and Anna who were after only obeying the behest of thin enjoyed every tiny the con verse of angels every day received visitors from God and correspond ingly advanced in al perfections so that when at length she had attained the hoary and venerable age of four eel the wicked could not lay any thing to her charge worthy of reproof Most miraculous and unparalleled purity and Innocence atthe advanced age of fourteen an age when girls are already steeped to the lips In Iniquity Though it does not say much for the reputation of the priests that the gospel writer should make such a to do about Marys continued virtue after spending eleven years under their tutelage iI ihuee Ik ROBERT CINGERSOU eprtpeloal BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers UEBATE IN PAMPHlET FORM Just out debate on the Bible and Evolution between A Snow and U Wilkcrson 100 pages 64000 words Price 15 cents Arkansaw Traveler New Hope Ark ftrrtThe Free Speech League invites correspondence cooperation and membership of nil who claim rights and dare maintain them JOIN US HELP US GET OUR LIST OF BOOKS READ THENPASS THEM ALONG Liberty talks by Ingersoll Wakuninn Walker SehroIilir Ie cot Darrow Post and others Read fishing Ulnrty of Press flue cents and also Do You Want Free Speech ten cents and learn WHY YOU SHOULD ACT WITH US The Free Speech League Iso Lexington Ave New York C- ityrtet ORGANIZATION AT LAST WANTEDAll readers of the Blu e Grass Blade who know God Is a myth and death tha end of life to ill out the following blank and forward it to the International Organizer W 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