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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, December 1, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 blu1907120101 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, December 1, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. t r nn 4tI l d 1EGRASS BLADE t 1 1irafrker WE AIM TO CUT DOWN ERROR AND ESTABLISH TRUTH 80 J ffo Weekly160per Year in advnnc VOLUME XVINUMBER30 Th LEXINGTON KY DEC i igoPublished GREAT iiua1rTSCIENCCREATION sJtPROF DELAGE HAS ARTIFICALLY PRODUCED A BEING THAT LIVES AND BREATHES AND WAVES WITHOUT Tin AID OF ANY GOO ONLY DEFECT AT PRESENT IS LACK OF DIGESTIVE ORGANS AND FOOD ASSIMILATION BELIEVED IT CAN BE PERFECTED AND EGG PRODUCTION BROUGHT ON A miracle tlmt the old alchemists never contemplated in their wildest dream jut been performed by Prof Yve Dolage He has artifically pndneed life Prof Delago lots had photographed one of the senurchins which lie oh tnincd liy nrtiflcinl means nnd lie also given a clear account of his exper iments in the origin of the ideas which have germinated into this amazing re suitProf Dclage who is director of the governmentalbiological station nt Rov on the coast of Finisterre almost at the extreme northwe torn ecmer of Krnnce first announced his amaInp nchieveinent inn address to the ArallI emy of Sciences Paris The word with which h started the academicians were these I loire the pleasure of announcing that after five years of effort I have ht last succeeded I have obtained real spaurchin furnished with all the characteristic oranspincs pedicles ambulacra I have actually four or them of which threo of them have climbed up the glass sides of the vessels in which they were developed where are maintaining themselves easily y n 4tojrUJllo dcl1rwJl ll pmv thjsyhave finally abandoned the pelj existence of the larvae So it cannor be said that any essential thing is lacking in thoe beings for whom the intervention of the male par Jent was replaced by a purely chemical process1 Like all great savants Prof Delage is oppressed by the thought of how lit tit wo know in the face of nature titan elated by the triumph of his special discovery In the whole field of biology he has worked for many years with the utmost assiduity he has parsed through the phase of accepting Darwin ism as a final explanation to that of doubting certain of Darwins theories in the light of the puzzles of the uni verse thence to accepting Weissmans propositions and again to finding Weiss nuinnt conclusions unsatisfactory All learned volumes and he lois sought at every turn to apply the lessons he has learned in the biological world to the invesMgations of ethical ideas the great problems of right and wrong conduct in human affairs Yet the gray servant as he retell his head on his hand and remained absorbed in his thoughts for some moments looked sad and disappointed We search everywhere he said but we are always baffled Of the real nature of things we know nothing We urn lost in conjectures It is enough to drive one mail He then took up his microscope on side of which was an object small hut quite distinguishable to the naked eye which under magnification had all till appearance of a seanrchin This was the preserved body of what had been one of the most extraordinary denizens ofenrththe first living creature denizens of earth the first liv ing creature produced the art of man Professor Delage explained the course of his experiment The first idea on this line of discovery came from Prof Leob of the University of Chicago who observed that if heart of an animal be placed in a solution of salt it contin lies to beat for many hours although when plunged into sterilized water it very soon stops beating It is a far cry from this to artificial fertilization it is true hut these experiments sug gested many patient studies of the action of saline and other solutions on animal tissues They suggested to Prof Leob and to Imf Delage the idea of parthenogene sis or reproduction without the union of the sexes and toward this both men simultaneously directed their experi ments The result of Prof Lcobs re searches was told four or five years ago lIe succeeded or said he had succeeded it 0 1in lr 4ho larvae of senurrhln ihich he had fertilized Uj first stage In the do of many of the lower ant MtuliKe might be called tr or newt as the grub is a hlarva of the fly or beetle lufof Prof Ixiob failed to pro gr imd the most primitive stage developed into anything thatu real seaurchin Prof toEhe conclusion that any gres wtts virtually imposl iif Delate who been cx zialong the same lines no tig aniojig the artificially hatched WAvero a few which showed a t6 transform themselves into iuduIuas sure that he was on the and he has been pursuing his Ration at Uoscoff ever since announcement several years V it lalwratory he has the assist iuncA ime intelligent nnd enthusl istie2iuts among whom is Mile le Piiuitz daughter of the Mirj ifcine Arts The place Is kipned for such study S nit ore to be found on al ly ooaV There are several sIcl t oil have the same general liar tIC The seanrchin looks like ijgehog rolled up It hue it globular lint slightly lint tenedJH4prneitli and this is covered with uf ntovable spines specicfPtXjinj mrtny thousands of fine ftpinest and others having only 2 Mp hon longer thicker nnd Some of the urchins are frtlie size ofI mans fist otherFtgger than a hazel nut If the sofved under water it will le ice tftfcntong their spines is ii1gelatiiioiis tentacle ei4 ll4 dti tiny sucker Thsg tentacles arc drawn in or obtrued and vary in length according to the u e to which their owner is putting them In the center of the under side a month armed with five sharp teeth and closer observation will reveal that the whole anatomy of till creature is pen tagonal the spines leing set in five hands nnd the tentacles or pedicles ar ranged in five similar bands The am Imlcni of which Prof Delage speaks are the five bands through which thee feet like appendages lire produced The lira nrehinl are relatively high in the animal scale higher than the worms nnd little llov the insects tIny are first cousins of the starfish nnd sea cucumbers They have nervous sys tem a welldeveloped nlimentnry canal and an elaborate framework of hone to which the muscles that work their teeth are attached Prof Delage formed a theory which he decided to put to a test that processes which take place in the devel opment of un egg after fertilization urn nothing hut a series of coagulations and liquefactions of the colloidal substance of the egg Hut to produce artificially this series of coagulations antI lique factions in order required and nt appropriate times seemed to bo beyond possibility accomplishment Further study however convinced Prof Delngh that the first step was essential For millions of generations eggs have passing through the necessary process and so their constitution has become prepared and adapted to theseo road shock of thin first stepor fer tilization acts like turning a key in a complex machine which then proceed in regular movements without external stimulation Prof Delage therefore In order to obtain the first step plunged the eggs into sea water to which ho added an acid to produce coagulation and a base to produce solution Years of experimentation gave no very prom ising results although he folt that he was getting to understand better the nature of the problem Sonic months ago the professor used tannic acid for the purposes both of coagulation and liquefaction This was extraordinary successful for while during years at his laboratory at RoseolT he had ob tained only a few seaurchins yettinet the month of Tune he has produced thousands The great majority of these larvae die or disappear so that up to the pres lent he has been chile to rear only four seaurchins to adult form The diffi culties of keeping them alive to this stage arc almost insurmountable but this not a peculiarity of the artifically produced seaurchins for Prof Deloge J1j f found it even more difficult to rear those produced in the usual way In sea 7 ear Ien claire hundreds of millions of lIuchtJg are hatched lout the number of seaurchin is relatively very small Of till four reared to tilt formed or adult stage one died and it wns thiilI one that Irof Delago photographed Hulled detail One peculiarity ofI dead seaurchin is that ill other wenurchin nre built on pen tngonnl or fivesided principles this is built on hexagonal or sixsided lines In this resect it is unique In reference to objections that might be made that those errwere really fertilized naturally Prof Delage de scribed the minute precautions taken to avoid such an event and also the details if physiological process byvhuicb it could be determined that such natural fertilization wns out of the question When Prof Delagcs art had triumph ed over Nature antI his four artificially hatched seaurchins wIre actually ling about the of the aquarium there wns shock in store fur thin in defatigable investigator When he llI1hlrlIthe senurchins had no appetite never was ho able to detect them the act of eating any thing They pushed their sucker like logs and feet out through the tiny hole in their nmbu hicral plate they moved their spine in the orthodox way ont by combining these motions they crawled up and down tin ghus walla of their home hut till never ate Itehind those teeth thereilOulll have been a stomach and a wavy intestine hut these juvenile made no use of these organs Prof Delage was reluctantly forced to the conclusion that his pets no gestive organs at all So the victory orIIrt over Nature wns rather a hollow triumph after all Prof Delage not despaired The remaining three of his interesting little flock are still alive anti doing as well scan be expected under lie is continuing hiliI lalKtinuMriii confident jthatliejus on the right track aril that he will soon dis cover why artificially seaurchins have no stomachs and how to rectify the defect Thi accomplished the whole scion tific world will wait with bated breath to learn whether the artificial seaur chins can reproduce their kind by ordinary method ABOUT HUMANITY Individuals die but that much of truth which they have revealed that much of good which they have done Is not lost with them Hu manity treasures It up and the men who walk over their graves reap the benefit of it Every one of us Is born today In an atmosphere of ideas and of beliefs elaborated by the whole of bygone Humanity and each of us brings even without knowing it a more or less important element to the life of Humanity to come The Hlucntlon of Humanity progresses as those prumlds in the East rise to which every passerby adds a stone Mnzzinl FIRST CAUSES Fundamentally the hypothesis of a first causo enunciated by theists agnostics or materialists Is in Its essence Identical Thus the orthodox usually postulate a spirit as the origin of things but by constituting It origin less theyne merely clothlnT a phantom of their own Imagination with eternal properties mid asserting the existence of an unremarkable something which never existed Ag nostlcs similarly style their word begotten leitythme Unknowable Energyniu unknowable which never existed which everything proceeds Finally materialists also postulate their first causeniatterinmotionanabhe unmake existet Hence all three hypotheses are equal iy valid us assertions or assumptions But the materialists claims this strlk ing advantage over its opponents ho demonstrates by actual experiment what that elementary imtter is and what its forces are vhlch form thu constituents of his eternal something while the orthodox nnd the ngnosil detail nothing and prove nothing but begin their systems th assumption expound them by utlerruu lion and Ify them by reiteration A Redcote Dewa 0 1t c f i t 01s IAA CONE 1- UPON A LONG VOYAGE Gerald Massey One of Englands Free thought Poets Writers and Philos ophers is no more SPLENDID TRIBUTES FROM A FRIEND fly 0uV Footc Who has not henrd or rend of Gerald Miissey Who has failed to feel a just thrill of pride in the freedom of his verse nail the charm of his prose From Kngland the news comes of 1tiI death nt a ripe old age when it il really a joy to retire peacefully from lifes turmoils and tragedies Year by year his voice will be heard ringing from the eternal silence antI men will listen with rapt attention to this music fromJ tile spheres TIll editor of the Blade knew not ulrl Massey He only know of him That full justice may be doiiu to deserving worth we produce the following from till pen of W Foote which ir London rlethinklrtGerald Massey poet and ethonologist who died on Monday October wnj referred to in the usual way by thet nillil1IIOUtThe faet that he had spent nCllfln half of his long life of eighty years in laboriously demonstrating mtlljical nature of Christianity was carefully concealed did not perceive nil nllusion to it in Mr A E Fletchers long article in the Daily Chronicle Naturally theri wn no reference anywhere to awful fact that Massey lectured widelj on such subjects The Historical jsus and tho Mythical Christ anti Vhy Dont God Kill Devil Even to mention such subjects would kit u uleaihlysin in respectable news IJnpers They nit recorded fact that Xnrtrus a believer in future HfeIWmt was a point of course which placed his genius in contact with their mediocrity Besides it so proper to believe in a future life Some intellectual people believe in itnrlll all the fools of course hail this association very comforting The one thing that secures Mrs Ilesnnts respectability now that has broken away from the crass material ism of her best days That is the great thing Every little nincompoop and oh the multitude of them likes to believe that his wonderful individual ity win le preserved for ever anti ever The rest doesnt matter The details dont count Heaven or no heaven hell or no hell purgatory or no purgatory continuous lifo or intermittent life con scion life or unconscious lifnll that is of no importance its long as you only say believe in worM to come Any worM will do Gem Id Massey was a poet and a true one hut do not think he was at a great poet I say this in spite of the generous and enthusiastic eulogy of Lnndor whose noble nature led him to give royal praise to ome secondrate contemporaries ns well as to loftiest I believe that the instinct of Massoys maturity which led him to turn away from venewriting and devote himself to a seholary and philosophicli exposure of greateost religious fraud of oil ages wits a perfect sound one Other people discuss a mans capacity nnd character the man himself inevital obeys law of his own nature assert then that the one great sig nificiint fact about Gerald Massey that lit was pronounced an ardent a zealous Freethinker Twentyfive years ago when wits Injoying tIll swevts ur Christian charity in llolloway Gaol for the crimo which will sonn day be reckoned my virtue of bring lug till Holy Scripture and Chris tian Religion into disbelief nnd co tempt should have received from Massey who wns then on visl ti Li liuid from Amriisi Im he wm churishly refused visiting order fron the Homo Ollice He sent mo howevei his two magnificent volumes on tlm Natural Genes which still have and prize and to tIn interim editor of the Fretthinker IDr Aveling ho sent n note in which he said to 1110 I fight the Mime battle as himself although with a somewhat ditrerent weapon Massey fought same battle its That important point Why quarrel al out the weapon He didnt He recognised n fellow soldier in till samo holy war Whether you fire Hixhiindredpoiiiul from a lug gut or work a maxim or wield a longrangj rule or charge home with the glint ot l J cuM steel nnd the thrust of the deadly bayonet you lire doing your part to disable anti defeat the enemy Your position in the great Army of Huinun Liberation shall be ns it may lie That s a mere social accident Whatever your part is play it wellIItaml th your post keep your eye on the foe strike home at the right moment ana whether you tire the general with the brooding brow or the common soldier with strong arms and stout heart yoj shall have your share of the victory have not yet seen Mixssoys last two volume completing his long comment on the text Out of Egypt have called amysoil Sometimes a text is false in one sense and tnic in another hutIChriowere before the Christian era The mythic Christ came out of Egypt It was there that all the dogmas of early Christian ity anti nil its myths nnd legends were manufactured for until the Moham mednn wave of conquest wept Chris tianity out of North Africa it was not Home nor even Constantinople that wits most important Christian centre int Alexandria where the Kant and West met where Greek science and philosophy Oriental superstition and mysticism faced each other for n death grapple where Hypnlia was mur dered nail the great Museum destroyed nnd where Christianity was nt last es tablished on thin ruins of the grandeur hat wits Greece leaving for anothei famous city further west in the Medi terranean its establithments on the mill of the glory that was Home Among the quotations on the buick of titlepage of The Natural Genesis published in 1883 Mas ey included this one from Atheist who was called Tin Devil Clmplnin and was twice imprisoned for blasphemy for one year in urn for two years in Hind it about thy neck and write It upon the tablet of thy heart Every thing of Christianity is of Egyptian orb gin Rev Robert Taylor Oakham Inol 1820 Here is another striking and pregnant passaiuroni thin close of Mnssey Explanatory Trtin efA jjJs The writer has not only shown that thin current theology is but also how it been falsely founded on a his In terpretation of mythology by uncon sciously inheritv g the leavings of primi time or archaic man and ignorantly taking these for divine revelations The work culminates in tracing the transformation of astronomical mythoi ogy into the system of Equinoctial ChrUtology called Christianity and demonstrating the non historic mythos in which the Messianic mystery the Virgin motherhood the incarnation and birth the miraculous life and character crucifixion anti resurrection of tho Savior Son who was the Word of all Ages were altogether allegorical Thi was a clean sweep of the New Testament history It was putting Christianity into a sweatingbath ot Egyptian mythology in which It was utterly dissolved No wonder news paper obituaries of Gerald Massey are silent in this direction As soon as can find time I will read and deal with the last instalment ot Gerald Masseys real lifework while cannot help noting the fact that ho hilioreil at these two big volumes with all his remaining strength seeing them through press by a great effort fill more ways than one and dying iiiuhyat few weeks after he had placed them securely before the world How tern and grand iluch lifework in comparison with fo easy task of those who take a few P0iutts of Free thought criticism that have obviou triumphed nnd put them forward with a itIIf discoverers us New ologywithiomut the loss of n single pcu ny and with grent gain in notoriety nnd applause Gerald uhuusstytrims not a camp follower he wa n pioneer He looked for other rewards than thos which mob of thin hour can bestow I have iHon struck once more at the no hie pathos of his IXnlicatory verse to great work he sent me in Hollo way Gaol They moved me to tears then IInll scarcely withhold them now Tin scholar feels his isola tion while accomplishing his selfimpos ed task He compare himself to diver whose friend watch anxiously for his return Year after year went by And watchers wondered when Tho diver to their welcoming cry Of would rise again IAmI still rolled on Time wave That whitened ns it pnxsed Continued from First Page iY St 4- t CHRIST j AND HIS WHISKERETTES Did He Wear a Wig or Real WhiskersiCould He Have Saved Without First Being Shaved What was The Racial Contour of His Proboscis By John F Clarke If there is any fun to be had at the expense of Christians the undersignedS is the boy to grasp the fun Just now grave nut reverend seignors nnd daub sters are with standing each other to the face about Jesus Christs whiskers One sanctified painter has hunted up inety reliefs made prior to the fourth century nnd searched the Scriptures for evidence that Christ wns beardless and wore his hair short Now this can not bo treated as a nonessential If we were redeemed hy Christ the fact of whiskers antI ong hair cuts a great figure It seems thllt for four centuries tho world be ieved that it had escaped Hellfiro through the personal sacrifice of a loardless and sandpapered youth The whiskers and long lair were put on the Savior by a new school of Italian aubters to give veneniblcness to the myth A lie must be venerable to be karats fine The way whiskers butted in was like a painter of Jesus found that his ware were stale and ho hail order for a portrait of a Ducal Dude who had nice curly locks like we see on Jack of Spades and hlhllli lovely Vandyke lilacs on his face Everybody was entranced nt his ticture and looked down upon the face of thin smooth Savior The artist snatched the painted wig nail whiskers from the spot and Hung them at thin Christ anti they stuck and made such n pretty Savior that the artist fell down nnd worshipped the work on his easel What wits the astonishment of artist when the Christ spoko fr- omdnnnilaiil tOdsbodkiHsJ I wits hut half created anti lo and behold Thou hoist perfected me I really flat ter myself in this wig The success of thus enterprise made a sudden change in thin conception Redeemer of the WorM This leads us to the conclusion that Christ might really have saved somebody perhaps limself if ho only had whiskers nt f the critical crilliof Ilk Christly caty elasym Pontius Pilate might have claimed him for life longlost brother have told the rabble not to butt in 1wigIt was not the coat that made the man in the day tho luxuriance of the whiskers The doctors who dared hint Jj IwlelucksWhiskers built their nests In the ground in those good old days and dill r not plague whisker kissers Science in searching out the microbes done male half of humanity a dirty Irish trick The la see of Robert Burns line ind no trivial excuses against klillllngitNowaday when the vine kiss the dame nnd damsels linking microbe give them away Tho Inlliratch something and lay It all totatIn mithti lIt microbe of the labial embosconce tho redness of thin breath The preachers drink cochineal tens ant itheir breath heighten color of theIladies The wearing of whiskers by the ealledofGod sncretlImitigate of visitation should invent whiskers with roller attachment so that they can be treated with camphor Imlls rind prayer Whikers whisker Saviors Is Saviors hut one without the other useless For instance n ton of whisker would not make a Savior of mo or n t Jesus hillier Walt Street needs a mighty Savior jut now one with tiwhiskers a yard wide nnd all wool antI enough curled hair to make a hotel matres Next importnntIluestion will fbe Dill Christ wear nose Roman of Hebraic in contour All can guess at tliiu Perhaps some of the lllade readers and writers can give points to the Christ painter of thistoric nnd universal interest The styli of haircut in Palestine in Heroda time wits to stunt a man against a tree t throw oyster shells at him until the i hair was reduced to roper length John F Clarke Dean of Antiquarian Research Club it 11 t i tt I BLUE GRASS BLADE nded 1SS4 and edited by Cbarle Chllton MoOre iii to his death February t 1986 JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Pub1lsber SUBSCRIPTION RATES Hv mil tlM ywr In adr IIK Five new subscribers sent with one remittance at 100 per year each Trial subscription IB cents per month All rornlKn subscription postpaid 200 per yocar tAKE ALL money order drafts chock etc 11301l0 to JAmS E 11U01IKS Lexington leyas thl will facilitate collection ADVERTISING RATES ALL ADVERTISEMENTS of whatsoever character cepted will be published at the rate of 100 Inch per month unless by special contract when other and better rates will be quoted upon applii s tlon The publishers have the right to reject an and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINFSS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the slh scriptlon has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show subscribe the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent It asked for upon tone In case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER cha his or her tiddft aavise this oflice giving both old and new auu the Blade will be sent to the new address 81 desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky to a which all Freethinkers will be given a heat welcome TILE BLADE entered nt the Vostofffoe at ec liiiti Kentucky as second class mailing tuatter s ADDRESS ALL COMMUIICATIONS TO THE DLUE GRASS BLADE P O Box 393 Lexington Ky Stand fast r r r r Truth is on our side r r r r Labor for the happiness of man r r r rs All religions like measles are epidemic und r easily cured r r r It is a habit with the Christian to cling to earth und dodge heaven r r r Ally old lie could demand reverence if it only live between the covers of a bible r r r r The Blade requests that its friends now make a strong effort to build up its circulation r o r r Dont read the foregoing paragraph and then all about the subject but do it now yrr r r ti If men can be true and moral without fear of hell why the not be true and moral with out hope of heavenYlr r r r More power to the Jewish citizens of New York for they have succeeded in abolishing Christ and Christmas from the school books r r r r These reforms have been a long time confine but we should be thankful for them even now in that reform is better late than never at all r r r r No wonder the preachers do not approve of the new gold coin for with it they have lost one governmental recognition of their fetich but we 3would be surprised if any preacher would efus to accept one as a contribution to his church r r r r Many an orthodox fanatic will go to extreme to prove his inestimable love for God even to tin I extent of starving his children and then brutally beating his wife just to show his authority it matters ofn purely domestic character Of sued l is the kingdom of heaven I r r r r Fleas are easier caught at u camp meeting than genuine religion and the degree of personal com fort is much about the same r r r r In questions of grave import to humanity we cannot have too much evidence and yet the extreme paucity of evidence upon which the Christian religion still hangs is one of the remarkable features in connection with its existence Men would not hang a dog on such evidence but they have burned and tortured human beings because of itt r r r r Belief or unbelief cannot alter a fact If God 1exists all the doubt ever entertained andexpressed cannot remove him from the universe If God does not exist all the arguments ever advanced by believers can not furnish him with an abiding place anywhere in nature One or the other is facts Beliefs and disbeliefs cannot change it aI r r r r As a tallow candle sputters most vigorously when at time point of expiring so the religion of Christ in this republic is making a great noise and show and the deadly paralell may be drawn The inference is plain The preachers are in the same frame of mind as the little boy muchI was afraid of the dark and whistled to courage up r r r r Just as sexualism is made the law of life so was the Christian religion grounded upon the immacu late conception If II Ghost had failed to visit Marys boudouir promptly on time the scheme of Salvation tvould have been in a sorry and l many who are now preachers wouldbe wokingl- for a hvmgij 1 t JiIt i J The BrndleyUrowii tmirwly thAt now finds its fulcrum in Washington suggests the fact that wc are drifting from that stern integrity nml hi h purpose thnt marked the earlier days of the rt public townrd that Sybaritism thnt marked tllt decline of Home and that sexual abnormality thnt is yet the curse of Asia Their religion exercise but sninll moral influence upon their lives r r r r The characteristic symbol of the age is tl question merle We are beset with problem Those problems include the social and political as well as the religious world The question mat appears in unthought of places but no sutisfactoi answer can be found Our patron saint is reall the sphinx r r r r CHRIST AND CHRISTMAS GOING Now that all semblance of religious instruction has been eradicated from the textbooks used in the public schools of Chicago and the moral eodc of the Japanese substituted for the socalled morals of Christ it is gratifying to observe that tlll educational authorities of New York at least so the dispatches scate have decided to expunge Christ and Christmas with all references thereto from the books used in the schools under their jurisdictionNew is a populous city Its people arc cosmopolitan They are from every section and quarter of the habitable globe Their religions are as varied as their costumes Of course the Christians are in a majority but they are so hopelessly divided that on religious issues their influence does not count for much We are informed that the movement to expung all references to Christ and Christmas from the school books originated sonic months ago throng the Jewish residents who pay a heavy proportionate share of the municipal taxes and that after months of patient effort coupled with reason and argument the justice of such action was made plain to the educational authorities and they proceeded along the lines indicated The school book cotnaiiiing references to the subjects named have been sent to the publishers for revision and when they arc returned to the schools the name of Chris or reference to Christmas the supposed season of his birth will be singularly absent therefrom- As Freethinkers we can well appreciate this action As Freethinkers we can welcome the ad eutitious action just take As Freethinkers we are to know what such a step means As Free thinkers we can express a fond and indulgent hop that the agitation will become infectious and that the examples set by New York and Chicago ma he taken up and followed up in other American cities As Freethinkers we recognize the plain justice in the case As Freethinkers we know not Christ and consequently we can have but littl regard for Christmas as ft religious As Freethinkers we can rejoince in tljeic proset elimination from the books given to the young the purpose of instruction The action is logical Christ cannot be taugli as a fact Like the mythical father in heaven he too must remain a myth and to admit of nhristmas a religious festival is but putting an argument in the mouth of the fanatic in favor of his mangod Men have been found to teach it for a stipulated sum of money hard cash but these as a rule belong to that brood of unclear uuzzards who would befoul the eagles nest and nuke their loathsome orthodoxy upon every learning star in old Glorys field of blue They have been the chief beneficiaries of the noisome doctrines and in foisting them upon the people by egislative enactment and by deliberate deception hey have been the worst and most subtle enemies of the republic The Blade expresses gratification at the action taken as indicated and expresses the hope that it may be speedily followed by further reforms of a like character HOW HUMAN It is more blessed to givo than to receive How lmmanl Time preacher receives but he does not give Againhow human During the past few days Lexington has been visited by a poor old blind woman and her aughter the latter just about to bud into womanhood They were begging alms As an incentive to draw the nickels and dimes the old lady played upon an accordeon while the girl sang The col action followed Such scenes are by no means uncommon and exiugton like other cities is not without her peripatetic beggars Ordinarily there would be othing in such aa incident worth writing about saye for what transpired during one of these song recitals Beggars seem to be a sure production f the millionaire age When one class can get so enormously rich that they find it impossible to know just how much they are actually worth the other extreme is sure to be found existing mcurrently with them and men and women Imow not where to lay their heads As a rule Rtreet charity is not to be commended It tends to breed beggars True charity as Shakespeare put into the mouth of Portia is twice blessed It blesseth him that gives and him that receives charityIplay there is only contempt It was not upon charity that we intended to rite but in some way these thoughts flashed through the mind as we wrote and we could not- help putting then down It is the incident emanating from the service of song above mentioned of which we desire to speak most During one of these song recitals in the most I I II 1J frequented and public place of the city a crod hind gathered about the pair listening to the music nml the words In the crowd were men 111lIIenracegoers and even tin horn gamblers them was also a preacher and he a representative of one of the most fashionable churches of the eit It is known that he is in receipt of a fairly gooll salary and one thnt is above the average given to the average parson in these days The sonl went on and the last notes died away the youn girl with a tin cup in her hand went through that crowd collecting such coins as the donors pre ferred to give Suffice it to say that she got more than she probably expected for there were few in thnt crowd who had refused to give 1his is characteristic of Kentucky and Kentuckian The race track mien gave and the tin horn gamblers chipped in their share Just as the girl started upon her collecting mission that preacher vanished into thin air for jostling through the crowd he got away before the cup could reach him that he might not be called upon to give Let us repeat 11ow human In fancy we could hear the owl hoot as he slunk uway and from the thicket of imagination cant the snarl of angry wolves How human It is more blessed to give than to receive low human Just another incident of lifes way where the weary and worn are given a practical lesson How human WHAT OAUSES A MAN TO BE A FREETHINKER What is Freethought How and in what manner are Freethinker made These question are not new They have been answered in various ways Not one of the answer nay be totally satisfactory Should the Blade attempt an answer now it might not satisfy the liicstioner The Blade recognizing that it is oung under its present regime in the world of vrecthought advocacy realising that abler mind lute grapled with the questions in various formsj its own feeble efforts may not accomplish what is desired but as we have been requested by a cor espondent to undertake it wo make the IIttemptI In philosophy Freethought implies that all human conduct should be based upon purel human ideals contradistinguished from the so called divine In practice Freethought implies more than the moro privilege of thinking freely but the right of a free expression of the free thoughts where that xpression can be of decidedly human service Freethought in other directions is both destructive and constructive It aims to destroy error on every subject where human happiness is involved It also aims to build up a system oi norals or conduct that shall tend to promote human happiness for the here without regard toI the hereafter In other words Freethought stands for one world at a time and bids men and women let any other world if there be one alone until hey get into it- Freethought does not merely consist in antagon zing theological dogmas yet it has realized through bitter experience that these dogmas haveI teen through all the ages the most tyrannical obstructions in the way of humanizing the world and for this reason it has been compelled to oppose them on the principle of selfpreservation So far as the belief in God the inerrancy of the ible the belief in miracles and the thousand fantasies that have been thrown about this gigantic superstition to oppose them is but a econdnry consideration a means to an end that end being the implanting of intellectual liberty in the minds of the people that the era of mental reedom may be more speedily realized and their pposition has been made necessary in order to ttain that desired and desirable end The church trust now recognize the fact that no 11Iall or woman ever became an atheist from choice Atheists exist of necessity An atheist i such because he cannot be aught else but an atheist For this reason Freethought aims to estroy the belief in God for in this belief and bout it have been thrown the trampled and ragged vestments which men call religion non- essentials to human happiness and in this clumsily constructed scheme man has bodied forth his faint inception of what ho terms infinity Men miry reconcile themselves to religion just as some men my reconcile themselves to be hanged but honest lUen will sctrivc to escape the one ns desperately as he will to avoid the other When a Freethinker asks for evidence of Gods existence points him to the miracles of Moses Christianity directs him to those of its Christ ohammedanism to the revelations of its prophet id if he find these beyond his comprehension or violative of his reason they dismiss him with the gentle reminder that II the fool hath said his heart there is no god The Freethinker torts by accusing his critics ofa superstitious ignorance or a rank dishonesty of purpose on the ground that he will not reason is a bigot and hc- who dares not is a slave Then a miracle is de anded by the believer for the Freethinker told that if he does not alter the construction of- IJis own mind he will be damned and he is touched up semioccasionally by the pulpiteers an emissary of the devil Being thus put upon the defensie the Freethinker is forced to undertake and the result is that he revealedreionsvarious priesthoods of the various faiths He discovers that all religions are essentially one and- the same each constituting the highest concept of- which its devotees were capable He cannot j P Jt tjX II AljKMOou oj pooupoa itujon po1 u jo ouiauot hf violating his own laws that he might demon strnto his own putter and presence He then cs nt the stage wherein he expresses the notion that if God exists and that if God had desired to pcrsonnlly manifest himself unto Ulan to deliver a code of laws to establish a particular form of worship it is reasonable to suppose that he would have dune so in a manner that would have left no doubt in the mind of any man of arty age or clime intent either his divinity or his desires That he hns not done this but has nssumcdly given a different religion nml a dif ferent belief with a different form of worship in different countries mid even in the saute country argues that all religious concepts are but emana tenons from the voices thnt are within titan than direct revelations from without ratherIreached this stage of intellectual thought comes forth a full grown Freethinker a his intelllctualstrength Human love and human sympathy docs not need- n god upon which to lavish its attentions or to give it an opportunity of expression Were ex ternal objects a necessity to this end we could find them in the wondrous glory of the stars in the never ceasing anthem of the seas we could find theme in the song of bird in tho gleam of every beauty Hate might spring from the womb of chaos but love must be the child oforder Did we need internal feelings to demonstrate the necessity of a medium of expression then find them in the love that shines in a mothers eye in the laughter of little children in the leonine courage of men in every burning tear that has alien upon the cold face of the dead Of such glories that lie hidden in such human feelings the Christian believer has no more conception than has mole of the glories of the morning Nature does not put feathers on fishes or fins on birds nor can it give it an orthodox believer enough gray matter to perceive or conceive truth unless it be covered with a gilded lie Out of the hopes and fears of man incorrectly jonsFrued has sprung the desire for immortality False invention false hope The Christian desires mmortality and dreads annihilation And yet luring a dull third of his life he is unconscious md annihilation is but an ever dreamless sleep Whether he sleeps the sieep of health or that of oath an hour and an eternity are just the same to him yet he desires the one and dreads the other If there be a god creation was a calamity If there be a god immortality is a crime AN ANTICHRISTIAN VERDICT Christianity has been condensed or at least ipine of its idiotic practices have by a coroners ury in Charleston Illinois which held an inquest over the body of Mrs Dora E Brown huof the judcial strictures were launched against ono ect of Gnristiansonly but it t sect which believed implicitly in follodHpthe scriptural advices anent disease and the Py one ofall the Christian sects that attempts to put their chiefs into their every day practices In other words it was returned against Christian Science hat peculiar religious doctrine of which Mrs Iiary Baker Eddy is the recognized head and ad mitted leader Basing their beliefs and practices upon a literal interpretation of the bible that verdict must have a far reaching effect for it ractically declares by judicial decree that bible teachings are impossible impracticable and nimiciil to life and health It is certain however that the members omposing the jury whether bible believers or not do not believe putting the advices personally tendered by Christ into human practice else a different verdict might have been found In any event credit can be given to them for being intelligent men brave men for tint daring to sign a verdict that is so antagonistic to the bible The verdit read as follows We the undersigned jurors sworn to inquire into the death of Mrs Dora E Brown on oath cIo find that she came to her death by tuberculosis of the lungs Death was hastened by overexertion and FALSE HOPES PROMPTED BY ALSE ADVICE The capitals are not ours They appear in the rigiual newspaper report of the proceedings as published by the Charleston Plaiudealer Their resence indicates that the editor intended to give inphnsis to that portion of the jurys verdict which ascribed the death of Mrs Brown to be duet the false hopes brought on and strengthened by being made the victim of false advice When one considers the fact that the false advice actually came from the bible the import of- the verdict and its publication be readily perceived The testimony simply revealed the fact that the woman had actually died front tuberculosis but- as no physician had been permitted to attend her nnd the proper form of certificate of death could not be made out in order to obtain a burial permit the judicial inquiry into time cause of death name a legal necessity During the hearing it developed that she had been a believer in the so culled Christian Science and hud persistently fused to have a physician called in to attend hcr relying altogether upon the healing processes of the members of her faith which proved too futile to assist her and the result was that she diedIt is not intimated that any legal action will betaken As the verdict recites that death was inply hastened and not caused by the- fnlse advice it is doubtful if any legal action could be taken but if under other circumstances such as falsely stating that a certain vessel con tlaineda stimulant a health giving lotion whereas I person was induced to partake ofn deadly poison it would he murder in the eyes of the lnw- ancI where is the difference And what can be said of the other Christian lite t 1t t II false nlll111tnkllItheir dnperi being vayrd by false hopes Ts not tine heaven of which they prate u false hope Is not the advice their preachers give nhnut getting to that heaven nisi false advice If these inter rogatories can he truthfully answered in the affirmative then provided that jury were heI lievers in other forms of Christians worship did they not condemn their own faith in rendering such a verdict The question we would now ask is can the jury see it in that light f CHRISTIAN SOLDIERS IN- THE JAPANESE ARMY lOne of the Blades correspondents has requested and lacking that instructions as to where the information cnn he secured concerning the religious beliefs or pretensions as the case may be of officers and men in the Japanese army during its recent conflict with the Czars soldiers The reason given for making such a request is that a certain young preacher had made the as sertion that they were Christians mid the desire is expressed of heing able to refute the statement by obtaining the proof While our correspondent is attempting a laud able tusk yet our advice under the circumstances we offer is that as the certain young preacher aforesaid is the aflirmer of the proposition the burden of the proof is upon him and not upon he who is inclined to doubt its truth In other words no one is called to prove a negation and if the young preacher docs not come up with his proof you are at liberty to take his statement merely for what it is worth and no more Demand first that he prove his assertion and attempting the proof a tangible basis for further operations is is not in possession of the information desired It paid but little attention to that war other than to watch the progress of the opposing armies It has made no inquiry touching the religious beliefs of any of the participants The Blade knows however that on one side stood the rrmy of Japan and on the other the army of Russia The Blade also knows that Japan is Bud dhistic in national belief and that Russia is Christian The Blade further knows that there are not enough of Japanese in the empire of the 1 flikado professing Christianity to make up even a moiety of that vast and intrepid army which put the Russian bear very much on the bum From this the Blade is able to infer that the Mikados victorious army was made up of men who do not believe or profess to believe in the creed of Christ From this another inference is drawn namely that men who are antagonistic to Christianity fighting for national pride and stim ulated by an intense patriotism would refuse to follow one who had proven recreant o r national faith by embracing another religious be lief nor would they trust such men in the face of such a crisis hence Ute leaders of the Japanese army and those in charge of the Japanese ships of war could not have been Christians f So far as is known there is not a Christian among any of the Japaneses statesmen leaders of the national thought or among their men of war Time Mikado is not a Christian and he would not dare to entrust the secrets of state to those who through mendacity or weakness had turned from the national faith to a religious system that w inferior It may be that more definite information could be obtained from the War Department however for the sake of the argument that what the certain young preacher had said wero true what would it prove f Simply a desir- for butchery for murder for the taking of hunum- life a peculiarly Christian characteristic FACTS IN ARGUMENT Time Blade is ofttimes inclined to the opinion that more solid argument against the rabid claims mad by Christians in behalf of their creed can be found in the events of our everyday American life than by attempting to present to them the facts of natural science As a general rule a scientifi- dcnionstratiou is too abstruse for their intellectual standard but confront thorn with plain terse everyday fact and they are unable to answer them 01 get away from them For instance suppose you ask one to read following This little Testament was given me by my mother many years ago and I have found much- comfort in same These words were found written upon time leaf of a small copy of the New Testament it covers stained with blood taken from the pocks of George W Ewell a newspaper man who shot himself to death in a cab while in Washington a few days ago Time words above quoted contain a pretty and tender sentiment of the imams feel ings for his mother but his act demonstrated the fact that he had not been led to take his own life because of any leading toward infidelity as the preachers so frequently assert but that on the contrary he was a firm believer and had found nattiest comfort therein Had a copy of Paines Age of Reason been found upon his person what a cry would have gone up from the pulpit about the suicidal tendencies of infidelity One fact is enough to destroy the Christian argument and while the above may not be much it is enough to show the direction in which theological wind is blowing WANTED AN AFFINITY OLUB Now it is the affinity who comes up with a grievance Too frequently it is the wife who appears in the 0 L 1iU inolIHlnuclLouis A Prince is a New York broker lie has disappeared He hind a wife lie also hind an affinity Wife and affinity met A scene followed Louis A Prince was not thereafter to he found Now the affinity is bringing suit for 100000 as damages for personal humiliations in that the aforesaid broker did not get a divorce from his wife and marry the affinity as he had promised to do It is really a sad thing to see an affinity treated in this way and the Blade has small doubt but what any kind of a jury will promptly award herI damages on the spot for immuring failed to breakup the home of Mrs Prince How could they doI otherwise and remain men Such an autrage will be calculated to stir the average jurors heart to deep emotion when the affinity comes forth and tes tifies that in spite of his promise to her rrI Prince hind the nerve to actually go and see hisI wifeIAt this distance with only the newspaper ac counts before us it would appear that the affinity places too low an estimate upon her harried rnd wounded feelings and if it can be shown that Mr Prince is worth more than the sum for which she has brought suit the Blade would suggest thatI she find out the exact size of his pile and get her attorney to file an amended petition and allow the prayer to for it all With such creatures as Prince running at large there is need of a society for the prevention ofI cruelty to affinffiities in this country BIBLE TEACHINGS REPUDIATED Another retrograde movement for Christian dogma It will be interesting to Blade readers to know that some of the principal tenets of Christian teaching are being disputed by the learned men of the country and this dispute is bound to unsettle the fait hof the orthodox believers Even the belief in immorality is held not to contain ennobling or uplifting influence while the literal truth of the Biblical teachings of the second coming of Christ the supposed judgment day and the resurrection are all dis puted by the divinity professors of the University of Chicago Tire dispute and contention has been brought to public attention by means of an editorial published in the current number of the Biblical World from the press of the University in question At first glance this might not mean much but when the personal of the editorial roster is con sidered the Christian world is set fluttering Rasping for breath Among the editors are Prof Ernest D Burton Prof George Bl Foster Prof Mwthews Prof Herbert L Willett Prof Charles R Henderson and Prof Theodore Soares The editors share the responsibility for all edi torials without announcing the authorship of any article accordisg to Prof Shailer Mathews Being editorial contribution the article is unsignedso that the particular author is not now discernible it naturally falls upon one of those named above and until his identity is revealed if it is ever revealed all must share alike in the responsibility Theme article is a strong one and above stated to be of purely speculative and im prota on eland to be a nobler motive for morality than hope ofa future world and imimorality The opinions expressed in the editorial are similar to timnouw1he Finality of the Christian Religion The following quotation is made from the article in question In the large circles of Christian thought the reeApostle Paul looked for an appearance of Jesus in the clouds of heaven and was not without hope in the earl returccome own It must b an ever diminishing circle of Christians whose fagth will find nourishment aaul inspiration in looking for the fulfillment in their day of the earlyechurch to have mistakenly cherished collection box to go f 1Must it be that the historic custom of passing the hat for cash during church services shall be no more- According to a well recognized church author ity no less than The Watchman a religious publi cation of Boston the tatting up ofn collection in church is an illmannered proceeding and son b excellent reasons are offered why the custom should be abolished altogether The discussion that is now taking place appears to have been inaugurated by Leslies Weekly which published an article upon the burdensome cost churchgoing and it is likely to result in the abolition of the present system of taking the collection This does not mean that cash consideration for attending church is to be lightened or made easier There is a proposition to install a box at the end of each row of seats und in this the ware shipper is expected to silently and quietly donate his cash One thing seems sure that if the mere act of passing the box around is eliminated some other and as convient systemic will take its place for no matter how much the parsons preach that salvation is free the church member finds that he has to pay a stiff price for the privilege of believing it t SOCIALISM AND UNBELIEF Fearless Utterance of an English Radical Upon the Issues Now Finding At tention in British Politics Sharp Answer to be Would be Critics Robert Mlatchford- In a previous issue the untie hallf tiiiuic reference to the contest now being waged between Socialism and Chrsitl unity and the part that is being played therein by Hobert Blatchford editor of the Clarion a Socialistic freethought Icriodical As men and women can best form a judgment concerning tho merits ofn given cause by the utter ance of its advocates the Blade reproI duces the following from Mr Blatch ford published in his own paper as nnI answer to those who have undertaken to criticise him because of his unbelief in Christianity lie sn sIThose pitiful victims of heredity and environment who expose themselves forI hire in the Daily Express have found another mares nest They have dis covered that I am trying to conceal nthieism under a cloak of ChristianI tty How they arc punished by a kind of moral autotoxia thee poor wretches How they are haunted by taut horrible obsession of concealment and pretence There is a stern truth in the saying that the penalty of unbelief is unbelief These infidels have debauched themselves with cynical hypocrisy andI stealthy mendacity until they havo lost all power of faith They have so belied themselves that theyare blind to the truth They are like harlot who ine every face to be a foully painted as their own Talk about the ironyof Fate What spectacle could be more ironical than that of these gibbering tenapcnny mohawks masquerading as the defenders of religion Of such a rabble was the prophetic soul of Carlyle conscious when he wrote of the Press as the have of expatriated spiritualism and alasl also of expatriated vanities and prurient imbecilities And now this canaille of all the loud souding levities and general winnowing of chaos this immeasurable motley flooir of discharged playactors funambulists false prophet and drunken balad sins ers is out in the sacred cause of chastity and truth and is shrieking aloud to an intelligent electorate that Chaos anu Gehenna are broken loose that the devil with his bedlnms must bo flung in chains again and that tho last ol the days is about to dawn Fine champions of Christianity in good sooth One wonders how Bishop Gore and tho Rev Dr Horton like marching through Coventry with them No new type though those Yellow Pressmen as old surely as Thersites and Judas Nor Is their occupation novel Judas served the established religion in the like honourable way Ills figure was thirty pieces of silver Some of his modern successors would bo dear at a tithe ot the price Now it is needless at this time of day for me to tell my readers that my words require no explanation from the Yellow Press Natural as it must seem to the Yejllow mercenaries that the toeconceal it in ones trousers when the enemy is sighted yet it might have occurred to them that since the religious Press of the kingdom has been ringing with the denunciations of my heresy and iulldelity for some five or six years the truly Yellow policy of hypocrisy would stand me in poor stead No have no wish to pose as a Christian My plan is not to hide but thenbelievee believe in it themselves My object is to show the professors of religion a better religion than their own to ask them questions to stake them think to win them over to the entice of mercy and reason and truth You Christians do you accept the words of Christ Consider It is the Tory Party which is just now so cerned for the safeguarding of Christi acuity The tories are the rich party Is it nut sot And who was it said flint it is easier for n camel to pas through a needles eye than for n rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven You Christians do you believe In God What do you mean by that word Gold You mean do you not a heaven ly father Do you believe that tho heavenly father is a loving father and that He is nn allpowerful father If you believe that you believe He loves Ills children and that lIe lint power to help them And you pray to Him for help be lies lug that He can help and will help Is that so or do I misunderstand you t If you believe these you believo that which I am unable to believe But do you believe Centuries ago the Church at least believed When there was a pestilent the priests carried round the Host and the people prayed to God that the pesti lento might cease And the result was failure The pestilence did not cease J l until it had slain thou onJi fir hundmU of tlioii nnd Yet still Church W linvcdi science runld ns an Impious and pnwumptloiu interfrrrncn with the prerogative of But now Xow we attend to the drains anti wo adopt a system of quarantine and Isolation anti the sags deadly plagues nni losing their power Xnw when man Is tick we do not cull in n prisct but n doctor We do not beseech God to stop the typhoid or smallpox by a miracle we send for the sanitary Inspector Hut If God loves us as an earthly father loves his children nod if God has unlimited power why docs God allow His children to sutler anti to perish Tho ways of God are inscrutable Why then pretenr to understand them If you do not believe that God can help you if you do not believe that God will help you why do you ask Ills help If you do not understand God do you know that lie is good On the other hand Irou do be lieve that God is all powcrful and that lie loves you as you taro your children why do you build hospitals and study chemistry and surgery and bacteriology Why do you trouble about the doctor nnd the sanitary engineer There is one small sect called I be lieve without intentional irony the Peculiar people This ect still lieves in God still acts logically upon its peculiar faith When a child of that sect is ill they do not call in a doctor they urns to God They believe And wlmt do the Christian news papers and the Christian juries anllI the Christian magistrates say if that child dies Do they say it an or God Do they say that the pecu liar parents did their whole duty No They say that the peculiar parents con tributed by their ignorant superstition to the death of their childand that they ought to be punished or sent to n lunatic asylum For what For really believing that which you Christians unhappily profess but happily do not yourselves believe oYu dont believe in a heavenly father my dear sisters and brothers Your actions prove that you do not believe In a heavenly father And yet when I sav I do not believe in a heavenly father you call me an infidel and shudder to think of the horrors that will descend upon Christian England ita party such infidels should came into power What You are afraid of the in fluidity of Socialists oD you know that the majority of your Liberal and Torey men never go near a church nor repeat a prayer oD you know that the whole system of political and social economy upon which Liberalism and Toryism are built is based fifon a princl pie which is the direct opposite of the teaching of Christ oD you know that you have at least two infidels in your present Liberal Cabinet and that the y are amongst the bestrespected of your public men You shrink with horror from the mere idea of an unChristian nation Yet your allies the Japanese are not Christians Nay it is doubtful whether they can be accounted less infidel than you count me But has any moral ot social or political disaster overtaken thb man docs not believe in Goa he cannot be a moral man Are you thinking again of your God the heavenly father in whom you do not believe Or have you some confused idea that the man who does not believe in you God docs not believe in good Observe then that the unbelievers taken inn n by man and woman by woman are more moral more orderly and more intelli gent than the believers To be a Chris tian one need not be educated nor In telligent oT be an agnostic or an believer one must learn and think Hence we find that the bulk of the agnostics and infidels are drawn from the ranks of the educated and the thoughtful But the strength of the religious lies in the unthinking and un informed masses in nine cases out or ten the man who is loudest in his de nunciation of atheism and of the combination of infidelity anti Socialism is a noun who does not understand his own religion who does not know what he himself believes or disbelieves an has never given on hours study or thought to his own or tiny other faith There is more dilTcrence between thb enlightened Protestantism of today and the unenlightened Protestantism of n century ago than there is between the Protestantism of our time an agnosticism But you have been told that I deny God and the future life deny nothing I know nothing about God nor about a future life Hut I believe In doing all tie good I in this life know that there is a lanipntable amount of suf feting anti wrong in this life and believe it is out duty to try to niter that But what do you believe You believe that most men are wicked and that they could be right eous if they would You believe thIn poverty Dud misery am due to drink or to vice or to the irresistible laws of an antiChristian fetish which you call political economy You believe that any mint who is sober anti industrious may rise in the social scale and that those who fail do not deserve to succeed You believe that God will punish Ills bad children and reward Ills good Jchildren anti that man should deal in tame way with ids erring brothers anti sisters But If you read your New Testament you will have ruuso to think that Christ did not believe those things For who said of Ills murderers Father forgive them for they know not what they dot And who said when tho woman was taken In adultery Ho that is without sin amongst you let him coat tho first stone And who stayed tho disciples sword and spoke with sweet forgiveness to the woman of Samaria And who was tho com ponion of Mary Magdalene and the friend of publicans and sinners And who wits It said that ho who gave suc cour to the least of these gave it also to IIimY Do you believe in Christ then Zf Ho came again in like guise preaching humility and self denial and forgive ness nnd pleading for the sinful and tho poor how would you receive him You who are in such terror lest one Socialist should destroy your religion what are you doing for Christ With twelve millions of your fellowsubjects existing on the verge of destitution with hundreds of thousands of unem ployed with millions of illclothed ill housed halffed unloved and unsaved children all around you can you in the name of Christ who loved children and pitied the poor and pardoned the frail join your Christian forces with those of the la dlords and the moneylenders the libertines nnd the cynics who stroy the children and dishonor the women and mislead and degrade the men Will you stoop to an alliance with Yellow Press Will you turn your back on the founder of your own religion nnd follow the man with the regard Socialism as a political creed and would keep their religious ides apart from it But to greatlttunanethe whole to a part With us of the Clarion Socialism is part of a religion We are as I have told you religious women and men But you Christian friends are many of you infidels You have forsaken your faith denied your Godnllli dishonored your sisters and your brothers And you are punished by the shameful championship of the irreligious scurrilous immoral un speakable Yelolw Press The incentive of gain is the motive which holds society together Avarice is the force which makes human prog rest possible It is not I who say it but your Christian leaders And what t would Christ say IN SCHOOLDAYS Still sits the schoolhouse by the road A ragged beggar sunning Around it still the sumachs grow Anti blackberry vines arc running Within the masters desk is seen Dep scarred by raps ofliciai The warping lloor the battered seats The jackknife carved initial The charcoal frescos on its well Its doors worn sill betraying The feet that creeping slow to school Went storming out to playing Long years ago a winter sun Shone over it at setting rLit up its western window panes And low ewes icy fretting It touched the tangled golden curls And brown eyes full of greiving Of one who still her steps delayed When all the school were tearing For near her stood the little boy Her childish favor singled hits cap pulled low upon a face Where pride nnd shame were mingled Pushing with restless feet the snow To right and left he lingered As restlessly her ting hands The blue checked aNon fingered lie saw her lift her eyes he felt tiThus soft hands light caressing Awl hea tthe trembling of her voice As if a fault confessing Im sorry that I spelt the word hate to go above you BeGtusethe brown eyes lower d Because you see I love you Still memory to a grayhaired man That sweetface is shoringC Dear girl tic Have forty years been growing lie lived to learn in lifes hard school How few who pass above Liar Lament their triumph and his loss Like her because they love him John Greenleaf Whittier THAT SAFE SIDE ARGUMENT By J 0 Stephenson If you dont know how to meet this much used and highly valued argument by the Christian send anti get my booklet of the move title anti get some sintershaw it is done Postpaid to cents ATldress J 0 STEPHENSON Santa Anna Texas r DEATHI HAS CLAIMED HIM Louis Schoenfield has Crossed the Great Divide Between Life and Death in Eternal Sleep BLADE HAS LOST FRIEND AND WORKER The Hindi deeply grelved to learn of the recent death of Louis Schoen livingis he has died He was a staunch friend to the Blade He never tired of working in its behalf nod zeal grew with ad lIntng years It is gratifying to learn hoxvever that in the moment of death he was the same strong heroic fearless self us he was in the days of active life and robust health He gone hut not forgotten and yet in time will the world forget for even the amaranthine lowers must fade May the star nfI our beloved dead shine the brighter as the years roll on and his immortality t find substance in the hearts of those who knew him The following letter and clipping will toll the story lames E Hughes am sending you herewith a clipping from todays Birmingham Ledger containing an account of Louis Shoen who seemed to know you quite well anti to lie very food of Louis died as he lived a brave and hottest man and did not holler in the end tl1Vith the best wishes for you and your valuable paper I am Very Respectfully Yours las TJioniton Gittman The Clipp- ingaLOUIS SCHOENrIELD REMARKABLE CAREER Is Closed in DeathIndian Scout Friend Of Emperor Maximilian Hunter of l Wild Cat Stills Infidel and Cit izen of the World Ixmis HShoenlleld aged 02 years died at an early hour Monday morning at Iris room at Avenue Eighteenth street The deceased was one of the most ex tensively known men in Birmingham He resided here for the greater part of twentyfive years mid had been employed for the most part in the oflie of the Lnited States marshal where his duties called him into the mountain fastness of Georgia Alabama in raids and searches after mountain dew distiller f The life historyof the dead inan reads like a romance lie was a typi cal soldier of fortune From the time he was sixteen years of age until he came to Birmingham he was engaged in many warlike undertakings and during his long career laid been wounded many time The deceased man began life at Louis silk Ky where his father was n wealthy and respected citizen Tiring of the plain everyday life of Louisville young Schoenfield left hi hone for the- Istit at first being engaged in the pack train service of the Initod States goy ernment and while yet a youth wit teasing those sanguinary conflicts WCII the Indian and the Lnited States soldiers At the age of nineteen the young man entered the service of the A government as a scout and from that time forward lie was in the center of all the effort made by the government to subdue the Indian During the civil Will tihr Scliomifleld continued in the fletmind was tinny tinges wounded while scout ing for information for the government Setking new fillelof adventure Schoenflcld went to Mexico nail took port in the ill tiated efforts of the young Kmperor Maximilian to conquer the Mexican people and set up his throne When Maximilian wits captured and sentenced to be shut Mr Schoen field wits the last man who talked to him before his death imd his vivid stories of this period of Mexican history have entertained ht friends in later life for hours i During the war with the Sioux In r dians and at the time of Custcrs mall sacre Mr Schoenfield was a scout with Ousters regiment While the battle and massacre were in progress the young scout gone in post haste for rein forcements and while the second talion wits Inning up Custer was mill sacred with his whole battalion The dead man was of peculiar sition but charitable and true to his friends He was an infidel and did IIt1Iee in religion of any kind His re quest repeated many times to his friends that when death overtook him his body was to be rent to Undertaker Oiorson at Louisville Kywho would cremate it lie lequested that after cremation his ashes he scattered on the waters of the Ohio river The body will be probably lit shipped to Louisville Monday night by Shaw iSon for cremation nail disposition o- ftrftiWl rr 1 T till nsliet The dwa eil was a lied IRUIPEOPLE THE WORLD NEEDS MOST THK WOMKN Women who are gentle courteous and loud Women who live not lnt the an cient art of loving Women in whom the maternal in stinct is not dried up Women who believe they have n higher destiny than a life of idleness and luxury Women who will never speak unchar itnhlyof tilt less fortunate of their sex Women who consider it beneath their dignity to either drink or smoke TilE MKN Men who will put character nhuve who will not lose their individu ality in a crowd Men who will be as honest In small things as in great things Men whose ambitions are not con fined to their own selfish desires Men who are true to their friends through good report and evil report in adversity as well as in prosperity Men who do not believe that shrewdness sharpness cunning and longhead ednes are the lest qualities for win lIillgIIU NATURES ART AND ARTIST By John Maddock- Xature iart this wo can clearly- see hut not without nn artistthis cant be A human artist works with brush aim paint 1111 frame and canvas to produce saint and by the same combine he paints brute A landiscajM lowers leafy trees or fruit Right reason cannot justly say of man That his productions do not argue plan Although what he creates is correlate And is not separate from the links fate The art in natures not by brush nail paint Yet there is pictured landscape brute and saint All living pictures nail with shapes and huesOrganic toonll that accrues Right reasons bound to anyof natures art That subtle planning plays an active part That through theres correlation well revealed The planning in her art is not concealed Right means to ends in everything In eyes that see in ears according sounds This doer not 1Iln the universe was nVnupd But that the forms in nature coarse and grand Were made to be as they appear to be That correlation tines riot set them frIll From being arts without a thought nut inn If Xo more the arts in the domain of man The supernatural has no place with man Xor lass it in the art of natures plan The natural is objectively revealed The super non cat hence it is con vented Man a eniory systems because rov The cosmos nerds none why It never moves It needs no vital organs to give it life It needs no brains for arthere t the strife Humanitarian Review UPON HUMAN RIGHTS The theory of rights enables us to rise and overthrow obstacles but not to found a strong and lasting accord between all the elements which com pose the nation With the theory of happiness of well being as the mary aim of existence we shall only form egoistic men worshipers of the material who will carry the old pas sions Into the new order of things and corrupt It In a few months We have therefore to find a principle of education superior to any such theory which shall guide men to better things teach them constancy In self sacrifice and link them with their fellow men without making them pendent on the Ideas of a single man or the strength of all And this principle Is DutyMazznlIM- MORTALITY IN THOUGHTS Man consequently as a living be ing is responsible to no one His own God and the model of all past and present deities his worship la due only to that which Is greatest In himself Heaven is his own Illusion and hell his own damnation The shuttlecock of natural laws and vironments he Is primarily chance made though secondarily selfmake able Non exisUng before birth he retains no individuality after death The soul which he inherits from the elements whatever It may be he also returns to them his personal mortality consisting solely in great iIl thoughts words and deeds and the depth of their Impression on the fthlftlng sands of lInrcRI Iledcoto JownrI AVERSET- O RELIGIOUS ISSUES Being Brought into Political Campaigns and the People Turned the Church Party Down and Out WORLD HAD A LONG SORRY TRIAL OF CHRISTIANITY By C C Dills Commenting upon the result of a recent election in Columbus Ohio where in church issues were made dominant factors in the aspiration fur public favors the following npepared in the columns of the Ohio State Journal from the pen of a freethinker It worthy of reproduction as being trite argu mentative instructive and interest ing The writer says The issue in our recent election was such that we cannot hut infer from the result that the majority of the people arc averse to church ideals If self root be denied And sin forsaken quite They rather choose the way thats wide And strive to think it right Thus as President Eliot deviates that municipal government under present methods ia failure and auks lent it time mud isnt it patriotic to try a new way and as another declares that The present method of religious admin istrations will never convert the city ask isnt is time to try a new way in religion as well The world has had a long sorry trial of Christianity despicable from its Itoman degeneracy down to Luther reformation and only tolerated since from expediency and the rcmodclings of civilizations And now that the in telligence of the world within and without the church alike repudiates the real fundamentals of Christianity and ques lIon the expediency of its continuance is it not high time for a radical change And as preaching from Biblical texts is largely pretextrsince Bibles in fallibility no longer obtains it becomes a serious question whether even the Bible has not become an encumbrance in ethical efforts It is certainly a tremend blunder to raise 125000000 to send it to the heathenwith all its jargon to them Similarly would it seem a tonnendous mistake to continue the enonnous outlay of the church in the further hope of eraehing those who ore hopelessly averse to Itthe intellectuals who utterly dis believe its iiiii iiiientie anti the great working classes who an repulsed at the very name of Christianity And yet even Dr Washington Gladden says here is no hope for the world except under Christs banner and here I presume to criticise him that while he is especially fitted t inaugurate n still further radical change in religion he foster old errors by tinuing in misleading phraseologies We know he no longer believes in the orthodox divinity of Christ and yet he is Bondindefinite oncerning this as was about Sunday closing of saloons It may come out nil right Again why continue in the rut of Christianity when it has lost its savor Savior for those whom true philanthropy should save Shill the vast re sources of the church be kept up only an a source of comfort for such as are already moral rather than be devoted to impressing upon the vicious beauties of the virtues of highgrade man liness integrity und decency in domestic life Lastly it is altogether probable that the large majority against the church in this election arose from the fear of fanaticism if the church ever again got control A Christian Sabbath sancti ty may yet not be the most salutary and too much cUiin for anything faulty engenders disregard for it That even laws may be thus faulty is illustrated by England regaling 1120 between 1823 1829 and 770 in dont know just when we repealed ours that Every mule musj love his hair cut round aeocrding tp his cap Certain it is more care should be liown In making laws if they in turn are not to be disregarded as we should be careful to have laws right in emphasizing regard for them so we may well be careful in basing right con duct on a foundation us faulty as the Bible except as civilization mollifies it ROAST ON SUNDAY SCHOOLS In the editorial columns of this Is sue the Blade argues the evil In fluences that attach to Sunday schools but at the time It was writ ten we did not anticipate that testimony strongly corroborative of thatI opinion would so speedily bo forth coming Better still the preacher quoted goes even further than the Blade would care to go and judges the Sunday Schools in an exceeding harsh manner No better evidence is needed and our readers may ponder It io t uttcrllnllCllean Sunday schools nod pub lic HclioolH declared IIl v Von Clove at the Charities mid Corrections con vention turn out liars thcives and loafers In abounding numbers The fundamental principles of morality neglected in the teaching of youth The Sunday school is tho greatest disappointment of nit VOLTAIREt There is magic In thy name Voltaire Universal Is thy fame Voltaire Tho the Church may curse your grave Tho the priests nay angry rave Yet our hearts will ever swear Affection for your spirit braveVoltaire Enemies you did not fear Voltaire Nowadays are neither hereNor there Bigots still may shrelk and howl Evil hearts neath monkish cowl Still they be but as the owlUnfair Dwellers In their darkness Through the radiance of your smile Voltaire Bring on you nnathema vile Voltaire Protestant Ingrates that they be May spit on thy memory Through thy jests we only rare Nought but the great kind heart of thee Voltaire- Tremble all the priestly herdsVoltaire At the lightning of thy wordsVoltaire When dark Christianity Shall no more remembered be Nations then shall honor theeVoltaire Worshiped by humanity Voltaire Theirs Is but Ignoble shameWho dare To befoul your sacred name Voltaire- In the path you bravely trod Humbly I will try to plod For to me you are a God Voltaire Aye and greater than a God VoltaireVoltaire Henry Stuart In London Freethinker GONE Continued on Fourth Page graveoThat have reached at last Child after child would say Ah when his work is done 1athT will come with us and play Tis done And playtimes gone A willing slues for years trove to set men fro Mine were the lalxirs Imps fears theirs the victory- call that singularly noble utterance Such is the spirit in which great men fight for their conviction They look lx yond the tumults lId shoutings of the tiny They are touched by whnt IIOUIIofhave their reword They were true to theuiHclve and they contributtd to the triumphof truth and progress Noth ice that happens can rob them of that consciousness a d it lifts them up above all sufferings and miseries And there fore for one feel a soft smile steal ing over tilt hmivityof my fine as raise my own sword battered but I unite never dishonored and salute the hart older soldier who now rests his long fight Here indeed is fromI with honor Here indeed lies thellljThesown it shall fructify anti bear a rich harvest for the future generation PREACHERS ARE MILK SOPS This caption is not ours gentle reader but is actually copied from the head lines attached to an article the dally papers The Blade thorpughly agrees with the sentiment thus expressed and In tho article given below the reason for it is mirably shown Such testimony Ing from the lips of a preacher Is worthy of consideration and surely- a preacher ought to know how much of truth is contained In the accusa tlon But do not take our word for It read Preachers are ladles men but Its not their fault said Rev C WI j I Kurtz Dayton nt tho meeting Mon of the TrlChurch Ministerial Hoclatlon Fully jii per cent of tho men In Cincinnati do nut go to church ac cording to Itcv Kurtz The women do and that why tho preacher be IIImore tho Sunday newspapers or sleeping Sun day morning said Rev Kurtz They believe because they toll six days the week their wives or mothers cot get enough religion for he family WHO CAN MAKE LOVE PERPETUAL It is Something We Cannot Claim or Look Away and to Possess It One Must Be Worthy of It By Jules Gainer The wise man who Invents a cess for insuring the continuance of love will acquire great riches In this world There is nothing the human race will pay a bigger price for than some method of retaining the love already won and some secret of con tinuing always to feel the Intensity of affection once experienced CHURCH HAS LOST ITS GRIP From time to time the Blade has written of the continued decadence of the Christian church the growing disregard for the supposed authority Its teachers and preachers The Blade has also pointed to the effi cleat cause of this condition of af fairs Concerning this view we now have a strong conformation from the lips of a prominent preacher who with a heart full of woe reluctantly admits its truth Read the following Cleveland ORev Washington Gladden of Columbus speaking be fore the national council of Congrega tional churches said It Is Idle It Is fatuous to hide from ourselves the fact that we are facing here in the United States of America a social crisis The forces which are at work here mean destruction A social or der which makes profitable the rise of a Harriman or a Rockfeller Is a social order which cannot long en dure The swollen fortunes that many are gloating over are symptons of disease They are not the reward of social service they ore tho fruit of plunder We have made them pos sible only by permitting the of opportunity to lo made narrower and the burden snore offOilfor millions poor What has the Christian church been doing while the powers of piracy and plun der have been gathering their forces and spreading their net and heaping up their spoils The fact Is plainly apparent that the church has lost Its grip on the world Let her address =hurHcIf to that faith told courage mid she will soon lint hire rowmrros returning Tho SnowWilkinson debnto and our Tracts will be sent for cents Sell log elsewhere nt 25 cents K Lewis writes us started to underscore Important parts of your speeches but snout found was marking tho whole thing of our Tracts for dlstrlbu lion for 13 cents SNOW Llnevllle Iowa lIIaftrltcrlIBtntlfullr BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers LeT BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers 3U Uxtiiton 1000 BOOK for X100 BLUE A8SBliDEp Box Lexington Ky t i WHY II Can Undersell All Competitors FIGURES THE COST Chas A Kiler in Chicago Tribune liglutthusshore Thus an article bought at wholesale for if sold nt 120 or a Diamond which cost if sold for are sold at cost The item entering intu till expense account are rent no matter jf the merchant owns the build ing interest on the money invested in stock salaries of the proprietor clerks light fuel taxes advertising catalogues insurance bad accounts lost moneytheof these expenses do not now incur solicit and desire this con of the patronage of myold customers and friends only A cosy office Itinuance in my residence in this beautjful suburb of Chicago suffices worth of stock anti the newest to select from I buy the goods direct from manufacturer mid biggest jobbers in the city for spot cash get all discounts generally ship prepaid same day order is received BUY NOW Diamonds and Watchestare to advance in the near future am an expert of forty years experience and for above reasons can positively save you 20 per cent Send for prices of Vntches Jewelry Rings Silver Plated Ware Optical Goods Free Thought Badges Ingeraoll Spoon sting Gunge and my tract Theism in the Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook Co III FLORIDA AND NEW ORLEANS I S 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