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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, December 15, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 blu1907121501 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, December 15, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. rj J BLUE GRASS BLADE i TRUTHybVOLUME XVI NUMBER 32r 5 LEXINGTON KY DEC 15 1907 Published Weeklyl50 per Year In advance I tmef FRENCH REPUBLIC AND THE VATICAN itisiorical Sketcu facing the Passae nance Hum a Priest Hidden nation to a Lanu ot Liberty tact as well as Name LIBEK1Y THE UltbY DEITYfTHAT MAKETH BErtUEO KNEES By John Emerson Robert in loinU certain duke wus returning iu Paris The day was Sunday lluI 1upped in a little country village and iercU this chapel to attend maSKI T brby the chapel was n large ware in which six or seven hundred 1rotuttantB had assembled for worship They were singing a hymn The sing ing disturbed the worshipful duke at theJ ullur He went out placed himself at the head of his armed retainers fellj upon the defcnceess worshippers und sieve two hundred of them without rooI gard to age or sex and wounded n1l1l1YI more That was year 1502 It wusJ beginning of the war of extermina lion waged against the Huguenots a war that raged with incomiderable in termissions for nearly forty years When it had been in progress ten earl5I and the year 1572 hind been reached the Queen Regent of France tired of the slaughter weary with the sheddingof the blood of her inoffensive citizens caused a peace to be declared When the consummation of that peace was heard yin Paris the clerical party was inllamed with indignation Their plotting began deepened and was carried forward until on the night of the 24th of August of deaf year a white mark was placed on the door of every one in Paris known Vhe a Huguenot or a Protestant At two oclock the phasic and inviolable e sanctuaries of the Prince of Peace the hells of those temples gave the signal i and massacre of St Bartholomew began Paris was crimson with blood If Thepasslon and fanaticism of slaughter Spread intthe provinces an u bloody hand of destruction did not stay until more than one hundred thousand people had become the victims of perse tcution and religious hatred Not until ho year 1508 the date of tho edict fc ofVantes did the work of extermina tiont nd which had begun with the masI sacra nt vas in the year 1545 But q thing was possible but one fitting matic retributive poetic thing Threefifths of the land was pos sensed by the Crown the nobles and theI clergy The people the common people the people without rights the people without privileges the people without justice boro all the burdens Everything was taxed No one was free froJlI extortion No one held hi property nor even his life secure If a peasant youth married a peasant maiden by their laws and the rights claimed by the feudal lords was first the possession of the feudal lord If a man were married In I conformitywith the rites and rules of thin church had paid all the fees mitted to all of the formalities even then he could not consider himself mar ried until he had seen the bishop and paid an extra fee This was what Vol honeymoonIhistorians let apologists say what they may there was but one thing possible 1one inevitable one tragic retribution When the tSates General had assembled in 1780 a farmer representative a rep resentative from the peasant the com moil the oppressed the downtrodden class of France said If you had burned the title deeds of feudalism yourselves- the peasants would not now bo burning parchment and castle together The feudal burdens crush and degrade humanity Let us ho exclaimed bum the privileges that yoke men like beasts of burden and compel them to beat ponds at night in order that the frogs not disturb the slumbers of their voluptuouslords One thing and only thing was possible and that was t what That was the revolution off 1780 No thoughtful man would think for a moment of apologizing for the excess the madness the wildness of those scene that ensued but over and against that stands and stands forever this fact that the revolution was the legitimate the inescapable inevit able result of coalition between the crown the nobles and the clergy for the oppression of the common people It was that slumbering giant awakened at last It was that despair breaking into the fury and frenzy of a forlorn hope It was the rising within crushed and down trodden hearts of a remaining jjpafk of life and hope and revolu lt Ikrit f S4lr f tion like an incarnate vengeance half diabolic mil half divine swept altar and throne into the abyss One thing happened to church in Franco at that time The national treasury was exhausted The people were suffering There was not only misery and privation there was starvn tint on every hand and the general a scmbly appropriated church property for the benefit of the government mill the people Right there in 1789 the title to the church property of France passed out the hands of the church The church was declared schismatic by Rome and for eleven years or until the first com Hiilatc Home made no contributions offered no aid to the French church In the erection of buildings or the accumu lation of property The church buildings belonged to the person who owned the site upon which they stood to the person or the province or city ot village or the commune The courts subsequently held those titles good and they never have beta vacated It necessary for us to remember that fact in the face of the events that are transpiring now When in Napoleon the first consul made an agreement with the Pope the famous concordat referred to so aften in rent dispatches he did not give back the property to church The agreement provided that the church buildings presbyteries parsonages and episcopal residences should the disposal of bishops not theirs in fee simple Moreover Napoleon was to nominate all the bishops anti they were to be canonically instituted after approval by the Pope Hut while these went are transpiring and leading up to the revolution there is another de velopment another movement it is movement of ideas the development upon the intellectual side in the life ot the French people Before the revolu Lion there came a great and glorious body of men whose sole purpose was to disseminate knowledge to afford en lightenment These men were called the encyclopaedists Let us look at their work Let us name a few of the illustrious eoiilg What were the prevalent ideas respecting the world and life the Ideas promulgated by the church They were re8Hyviig mun imus lITh critly had id by natures That he was helpless jRVcn if he power to choose good he had no will to do it lie was under the wrath and condemnation of God There was no escape for him except through the instrumentality mediation of church No power of salvation away from sacraments The church had taught that the world was all evil and a man in order to be wholly and entirely good must live apart from the world They had preached asceticism On the contrary the fundamental hypothesis of the en cyclopaedists were these That a man is by nature good that this world is capable of being made a desirable ing plnce that the evils of the world result from bad education and bad stitutions That the philosophy the gospel if you will that they presented in contradistinction from the ancient dogmatic teachings with which France lad been inculcated for hundreds of years The encyclopaedists did not at tack religion they did not attack belief in God or faith in Christ They did attack belief in miracles and they did attack the oppression of conscience as supported by the priestly aristocracy What theysaid and the way they said it seems as we look upon it now lutely harmless lint then it meant rev olution For example in their article on agriculture all they say or attempt h to show people the limitations the hardships the burdens under which agricultural pursuits were followed the inadequacy of results or returns and they attempted to point out the cause of those limitations and that inade quateness In the article on game they set forth the fact that great droves of deer and wild boar are permitted to roam over certain portions of Franco destroying the crops of the peasants crops upon which sometimes the peasant depended for the lift and sustenance of his wife and children and they point out the fact that if peasant in de tense of the lives of wife and dren is so rash as to shoot a deer or a wild boar which are propertyof the idle nobles and clerics the peasant will ba arrested and condemned to the galley In the article upon labor they display n certain enthusiasm for purposes tln IntcroUt and detaiN of man who works This would not seem strange now but at a time and in tin ago when labor was n mark nut onlyof servitude but of disgrace when the only man called honorable was the man that could live in idlcne s upon the unrequited toilof n vassal or a slae to exalt and dignify honor then mount revolution definition of journey man was this One who performs bot with Ills hands and is paid wages An they go on to say that it is dot of a good government to have primarily In mind the welfare of the journeyman for if ho bo miserable the nation Ii miserable And they say further undci the panic head that net profits cquallv di tributed are better than greater pro its distributed unequally which simply divides society into two classes on gorged with riches the other suffering in misery This was the idea the scope of the encyclopaedists and yet now and then you will read in the current press denunciation of these men of the 18tn century and read statements such ns this That they and their coworker were subversive of the peace and tran qulliry of France and were really ths authors of the present agitation And who are these men Voltaire was one of them The man who popularized the philosophy of Newton and had the dis tinction of introducing the works ot Shakespeare in France And then there was DAlambert Rosicau Button Tur got Montesquieu Haller and Condbrcet and indeed every name that helped to make the literature of the 18th century famed and illustrious coutrlhuufd more or less to the work of the encyclopaed lets that work proposed and conducted to n successful issue by Great Did erot The last volume of the wick Was published in the year of the revolution It was so promptly condemned hind that decree condemnation marked the central point of collision between two ideas One of those ideas was this the absolute elimination of political power from the control and work of shaping opinion In other words the absolute secularization of the government other idea found its answer and its embodiment in the massacre ot St Bartholomew and in the revocation of edict of Nantes What is the present situation in France shorn of its details and acces conies that are merely transient and local The issue agitating France at the present moment may be stated like this Shall the French government be secularized t Shall the state and the church 10 divorced Shall influence and interference of the priesthood in t iibitedt Shall France be governed by Frenchmen or by Italians Shall she be governed by her own citizens or by aliens f By her own people or by thb Pope the vicar of Christ To these questions the French Republic is making nswers that thrill heart of every lover of liberty in all tha world Let us see what the government has done In the first place it has revised and proceeded to enforce the law of regulating public meeting This law is not only impartial governing all alike but it is also necessary It is partial because there are over eight hundred Protestant churches in Franco nearly one hundred Jewish churches all of which come under the provisions of this same law and none of which have utttered a protest against it It is nee Osary because it has been known fot years that within the heart of a certain clement of the Catholic church there wore going forward plots and intrigues against the tranquility the peace and permanency of the present govern ment The French government his else done this it has suppressed the nuities and pensions formerly granted to priests and occlesiaitica Under the agreement between Napoleon and the Pope in by virtue of certain con cessions the French government in the person of Napoleon promised to pay the pensions and annuities of priests to maintain to keep in repair the church buildings and properties and to erect new ones whenever they were needed governmentlions of dollars a year for support of the Catholic priesthood Now the French Republic says to the Catholic Church You must work or starve you must support yourself or be unsupported The principle is this that the religious systems Catholic Protestant 1ewl h Mohammedan or tailed by any name religious system that has to depend for its support and its perpetua lion upon state aid government support has no justification whatever for ex istence If it shall develop that the Catholic Church perishes in Franco with lOut the support of the government aid then thea ction of the government in withdrawing that aid will have received its complete justification And the gov ernment has in addition taken over into its own control thevitnl matter of cation Let us go back a little bit The second republic was betrayed by Napoleon the Little In Ope of the first attacks made by that empire or king dom or consulate or whatever one is Continued on Fourth Page fh c THE APPEAL TO FACTS When Honestly Made Is Fatal to Every Form of Theology and Christianity Must Also Suffer ATHEISM IS THE ONLY REFUGE FOR THINKERS The New Theology describes Itself as amongst other things an appeal to facts This description however Is tune only in part No theology appeals to facts It Is undeniably true that beliefs when firm and fervent create facts the facts of re ligious experience but these are not facts to which any theology can appeal because in no sense can they bo regarded as theological facts That the New Thcologlclans do ap peal to them only shows that the Npw Theology Is a house built upon the sand and Is doomed to fall The of religious experience owe oxlttenco to certain beliefs with the truth or falsehood of which they have fOfiolutely nothing either directly or Indirectly to do There are so many people who believe In a God of love and forgiveness who has revealed himself In Jesus Christ and it the faith Ic ttrong and passionate they IIofthat their joyous experience Is wholly dependent on their faith It Is reasonable to suppose that If God andI the eternal Christ really existed they would have dealings only with those who bell vcd In them f It thus fol lows that there are no facts to which theology can appeal as proofs that Its dogmas are true This applies to all theologies alike It is true that the New Theology does appeal to facts but they are only the facts which rove ola lo- lh role nhp mniAratwlth o us a writer sas ty whether a proposition or doctrjne wo are asked to believesay the Virgin Birth ir the physical Ressur rectlon of Jestsls de facto true and the facts appealed to in such cases satisfy ithe generality of New Theologians tlht the doctrine In ques tion Is not d facto true But the New Theology Is based on the Divine Immanence a pure dogma In proof of which noI acts can be advanced To thousands of people the doctrine of the Divine Immanence is simply Incredible beciuse of the entire sence of all e Idence We are told that It U probably our Ignorance tha makes certain things seem us But are un Incredlbfto more Ignorant than the facts of the mown to Atheists than to Theists The truth Is that the majority of ir Freethinkers have becn driven to inbellef by the light of knowledge L oktng the facts of history In the fle they have realized that any doct ne of a personal God is to them utt rly Incredible In the nature of the case It Is belief not unbelief that npllea Ignorance But the believer e claims Surely some deference Is d e to the consensus of experience osslbly but we must ask experlen of what Has any body ever had experience of God of tl e Holy Sclrl or of the next world Has anybody er had experience of the ton as d tlnct from the body All theso ure injects the existence of which Is assv without evidence To speak of tl consensus of experl ence In con ectlon with them Is laughably abs because without a plngle 5coptl belief precedes ex ptrlcncp und cause In the absence of belief ther cover has been any being seriously put by many peopl is It possible In these days to belle In an Ultimate Au thority In rell und If so where Is U to be fo id Catholics say to Protestants have an Ultimate Authority In ir infallible Church you hue none Catholics themselves know how Infli uly silly such a claim Is All hlstor sti ids up and laughs It to scorn it what say the Pro testants f For er they found their Utlmate Autl rlt In an infallible Bible to whim hey always made their final app al lint criticism has picked jnnumei bl holes in the Holy Scriptures am Protestants are anxiously cast g out for other authoritative c but as yet with j lout any success Just now they are at sixes and sevens amony themselves Some of them repudiate the authority of the Bible altogether and fall back upon the Inner light or what they call the testimony of conscience Others still cling to the Bible in a sense They accept It as the Word of God because It has the testimony of the Holy Spirit They quote Cal vins Institutes and John Owens Greater Catechism to the effect that we know the books of the Bible to be the Word of God by the testimony of Gods Spirit working faith In our hearts to close with that heavenly majesty and clear truth that shlneth Iin them Now this testimony of NoIWord of God unless the Holy Spirit Is within him and gives him the formation But surely the man who has the Holy Spirit does not need the Bible Indeed to write the Bible was a culpable waste of time and of Divine energy because to all who have not the Holy Spirit the Bible Is valueless and to all who have him superfluous On the other hand If there be a Holy Spirit who testifies to the truth of Scripture and to the reality of God and the spiritual world how are we to account for the fact that there are such countless myriads- of people from whose hearts he Is absent Some theologians may not be able to adopt Calvins or Owens phraseology but they all accept the essence of the thought The Impli cation is according to one of them that man has an Innate capacity forJ recognizing the voice of God when he hears It Then if there be a God who speaks how Is It that every man does not recognize his voice Why are there so many who never hear let us come nearer nome It is asked What is the Ultimate Au thority In morals Theology answers Not human law but a higher and holler ordinance Here again we nave an appeal not to an established fact but to a belief by no means unt versalTa belief which contradicts t eac of human life iViuPfcu moral law Is superhuman Is a perfectly gratuitous assumption The moral sense of humanity Is the direct result of social evolution reached by Its possessors The moral sense ofI a low savage Is a very different thing from that of a highly civilized European Is is an affair of degrees and the degrees are determined byI the law of evolution moral law Is that which we have not learned received read but from Nature her self grasped drunk expressed It Is what we have gradually picked upI and put together on our Journeys upI wards and as at present we have by no means reached the end of the journay moral law is likely to undergo many more modifications andI developments What then Is the Ultimate Authority In morals Our own nature there Is and can be no other theologians speak ofan unwritten law which they declare to be of Divine origin but the only unwritten law known to us Is our own constitution After all said and done every human being Is his own moral authority In the last resort we acknowledge no other and this is quite as true of believers as of un believers If my own reason does not impel me to a beneficent conduct nothing else will or can and what my reason tells me depends on how It has been trained A thief Is a man who does not believe In the rights of private property and so he does not hesitate to take your silver and gold His ethical training has been deficient and possibly he has re ceived from heredity a low organic quality Both the honest and the dls uonest man are what thq law of evolution has made them On no other ground can our criminal classes be accounted for their very existence being an unanswerable argument against the existence of a moral governor of the world We Jhus discover that an honest appeal to facts Is fatal to every school of theology Dr Parker once deliver ed a series of eloquent discourses the object of which was to prove that the Universe cnnnot be accounted for without God Uur diflicultyon the contrary Is to account for the Uni verse If God exits The works of u perfect Deity would necessarily lIar take of his own perfection but Nature teems with glaring Imperfections Her blunders and blemishes are innumer able It Is not at all surprising that tuat In very desperation thoughful divines were driven to the expedient of Inventing the doctrine of the Fall In Eden and there Is surely some plausible excuse for Pauls dogmatic i assertions that ever since that dread ful catastrophe and because of ItAthe whole creation has been In a state of degradation and debasement groan Ing and travailing in unutterable pain and sorrow and yearning for the happy day of her deliverance And IIpeculatlvemore ridiculous than ever Because man his creative masterpiece turned out such a woeful failure the Creator Is represented as wreaking his ven geance on all other works by sub jecting them to the bondage of corruption Romans vlli 1825 The plightstillthat the Universe as we see It Is the most perfect expression or emboli ment of himself that the Divine Being has as yet been able to effect For unnumbered millions of years ho has been trying hard to produce a recognizable Image of himself and apparently he Is as far away from success today as he was at start Is It cny wonder then that Intelli gent people are turning their backs on all theologies alike and finding In Atheist their only possible refuge An honest appeal to the facts can logically lead to no other result London Freethinker KALI THE MOTHER Extract From a Famous Work Ex toiling the Feminine Idea In Procreation Clipping Think not life Is serious What Is destiny but thy Mothers play Come be my playfellow meet all happen Ingslmerrily Murmurest thou of need of purpose Thlnkest thou the ball Is purposeless with which thy Mother plays Knowest thou not thatjis a thunderbolt charged with ofvvristarrow know4he plan when LI dMo se Led front the boW Such are hbu When the life Is lived the plan rOl be revealed Till then 0 chUd of time know nothing My sport Is unerring For that alone set forth on the days Journey Think It was for my pleasure thou Gamest forth Into the world And for thtit again when night falls and my desire Is accomplished I shall take thee to my rest Ask nothing Plan nothing Let my will flow through theo as the ocean through an empty shell But one thing understand Not one thing shall be in vain Not one effort shall fall at last The dream shall be less not greater than the deed Thou shalt go here and go there for some petty reason and thy going shall subserve great ends Thou shalt meet and talk with many but some few shall be mine and with t these thou shalt exchange a sign and they shall follow thee Pain Is not different from pleasure If I will both Rejoice therefore when thou earnest to the place of tears and see me smile At such spots do I keep my tryst with men and fold them deep in my heart Strong fearless and resolute when the game is done thou shalt know well little one that I Kali the Giver at Manhood the Giver of Womanhood urn thy Mother Be steadfast In the toll I give thee Weave well the warp Into the woof Shrink from no de mand that the task mikes of thee Feel no responsibility Ask no reward From Kali the Mother kFEditorhis copy of your paper for several weeks You are making a firstrate paper of it I am trying to help im prove Peoples Press and also trying to band together the Materialists I think ther are thousands that I cant reach through Peoples Press who would like to belong to 1st Association if they MaterlalIIt You printed an article year or more ago that brought me some members I hope you will print the enclosed also I am sending copies of It to some of the other free thought editors Are you not a Materialist If so I should be much pleased to have you become it member of Materialist Association Do you favor having a Blue Grass Blade section of the Association ELIZA MOWRY BLIVEN 1st Sec Materialist Assn Box 76 Brooklyn Conn t rlIBLUE OHASS BLADE Founded 1884 and edited f y Cbarle Chilton Moore up to lils death February t 1906 JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher 111SUBSCRI TION RATES By mull postpaid J50 r year In advance FIve new lubacrlbera seni with one remittance at 100 per yearVeach Trial subscription 15 cents per month All foreign subscription postpaid 200 per yeear MAKE ALL money orders drafts checks etc payable t to JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky as tint will facilitate collection ADVERTISING RATES ALL ADVERTISEMENTS of whatsoever character ceptedk will be published at the rate of 100 per Inch per month unless by special contract when other and better rates will be quoted upon applica tion The publishers have the right to reject any and all advertisements often GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the sun scrlptlon has been paid up In advance The address allp on the paper will show subscriber the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent It asked for upon rene al In ease of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER cbalt his or her address ti advise this office giving both old and new ana the Blade will be sent to the new address a desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 1261 zx North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE is entered at the Vostoffice at ern4Uro Kentucky as second class mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUIICATIONS TO THE BLUE t GRASS BLADE P 0 Bex 393 Lexington Ky Let go the brakes i Mr Turn not from dutys call r r r a Trouble followed human development r r r Love and appreciation will rule all things r r Gods character is made by his worsliippers r r e A handful of common ease js worth a bushel of learning i i z vIft see t faults in othersTt PstJ l+ gtIfet v ispoor out t he who has little and wants no more is rich A cheerful heart is of greater value than all the prayers that ever been nwimblcd by the lips of men r r r r Mfciny who are now digging for Greek roots and Latin verbs could tender valuable service by study ing the esculent tuber r r r r Logical minds revolt tit the jumble of selfevi dent thelogical absurdities and turn to the light of Science to find the cause of existencefcrwy r r r r Congressman James of Kentucky a micro guileless youth from the western part of the state has appointed himself Gods special representative to see that the Christian joss gets back on our coin r r r When the Christian can understand that he will be punished by his sins and not because of them lie will realize the foljy ofiprnyer and praise to an incomprehensible fetich in the skies r a i r This greatest intellectual acheivemcnts the world has yet produced came from the brains of poverty not front the rich It takes trouble and sorrow to develop character and strength Flowers are won by toil i r r r 1rConsidering the fashion adopted by some ortho dox churches to attach a dance hail and a modern stage as a part of the catechism to say nothing a of moving pictures shows the deity will have to 1geta move on him or the devil will soon have the entire congregation grabbed preacher and all r a r r Funny how will change In the old days rewards for orthodox belief came imIlwdlf alely later they were turned to nvnsinns in the skies while the priests absorbed the profits R ligious punishments used to be confined to a few boils and had crops but these have been turned into a literal hell of fire where the souls of unbc lievers and unbaptized babes forever burn Great is religion LrrSome indignant correspondent feminine writes to assure us that we are doomed forhell Cen j rit 4 sidering those who have gone before that would be preferable to roosting on soma roseate cloud in company with a halo nUll a harp atlriuhd by a choice assortment of angels Realizing that the great questions has not yet begtl answered who knows but what it might he the other fellow who will get it in the neck after nil r r a Any religion that is compelled to rely upon see ular law for its recognition is inherently rotten Any religion which must appeal to brute force to secure respect for its god is fiendish and brutal and unworthy the devotion of a yellow dog Now ake a glance at tho history of the roigioit of Christ ancient and modern and estimate its char taster in the light of the foregoing suggestion Christ hall no snore to do with the making of the Holy Sabbath than Mosts hurl to lo with establishing the Fourth of July Neither verc sanctioned by the fattier the son or any of ill1 original saints Those who insist upon ihu en force meat and not according to tho conseionc1 of the individual r r r A SUBSTITUTE UNNECESSARY One of the principal stock arguments of orthodoxy when confronted by rationalism or Free thought is to ask what to give in lieu of Chris tianity should its abolition decay or death Ut brough about What should the answer be What must the answer be Scientific Truth and Its Application to Human Life In tho destruction of error nothing is required in its place A lie is hurtful at all tiiiites and in nil places The injury may not be felt immediately but the result is bound to be experienced sooner or later The physician is not urged by the sick to give them another ailment in lieu of thb one they have been able to conquer It was the physicians task to destroy the original disease The destruction of falsehood like the destruction of disease is desirable under any and all circum stances and the free mind is left to accept such truth that may come before it without the slightest regard or thought for the old error destroyed Accepting this proposition as being the correct view of the method of reaching stage of intel lechial liberty it follows that if Christianity is faho it should V tr edwit tlJcekin b stitiit 1 rc mun 11 auea stnnd e of a substitute for fllisehoodlO ght tps not pretend to offer any substdtuttsets upno code no system no creed To pel a Freethinker to subscribe to a creed if it were possible would be to fetter the minde more and the very principle of Freethought mid be vio fated The I think is the tend ing basis of Freethought The I believe is tKfmidamental requisite of all orthodox religions The suggestion that Freethoup B declines to otTer a substitute for Christianity even on the ground of no necessity does notcan that the Freethinker is to have no objectaimin life The Freethinker can and does acco more of more real human need than the oHcrage church member or the average believer i Christianity This work may not be found in ost tatiotts char ity but in the doing of simple sties With justice triumphant charity bccomw unnecessary The Freethinker is willing to do yvery lest he knows how to do and if mischicvqp fates seem to conspire against him he not vvoste his time in foolish prayer he does not fret or Icry out against destiny but buckles to with a wiljl and strives to work for his own redemption The Freethinker knows that or e thing he may do jn that direction sheaf be in in lie knows that no really great effort can fail He makes the deed count instead of indulging in elusive dreams of sc me future state of happiness Once the bulk of humjanity cm grasp the full penning of the impressive truths the world will be made brighter and happier fo us all Under them no being would wish to do wrong toward a living thing No being would thus wish to violate the laws of ritht living Man ma long for many pleasures that never come to hiii1ant if he weaves well the warj and shrinks front no demand tht task may male he cannot work in vain for in the Ond truth mus prevail and in tijut alone can real and permanen happiness be founc1 Mans salva ion does not depjnc upon crucified saviors nor upon the shedding of blood It depend on work The very liberty we enjc y today was not given freely but it had to be wr stcd in a fierce tyrantsTearsour political freedom mid as relif flans freedom is just as essential to human happinc 3 we must work that with he saute energy bu t along less violent paths Is there a Freethinker u the land who rejoicing in his own freedom douis a similar free dom to his neighbor or is percfctlly happy to witIness the yoke of mental slaw ryT still about his neighbors neck We think nut I Then it is oui duty to save others and to plate tile means ofour own happiness within their rei ch lYe must not shirk the task It is a duty wi o wc to mankind thatdutyto offer in lieu of Christianity for the old ling ot superstition will be dead and go Je lord none to mourn her loss t iJ1t ARE YOU A MATERIALIST 0iThe foregoing interrogatory has been propunded to the Hindus editor by the estimable lady sec retary of the Materialists Association and we are proud to state that the affirmative scoops tIll is little of the spirit about our personality whether of the distilled variety for which Old Kentucky is famous df those of which we are a told is the kingdom of heaven Forced by reason and argument by fact mud investigation we have been impelled to the materialistic standpoint for There is no other logical position for any mind though but partially informed to accept In another column will he found an article front Mrs Bliven on the subject and a communication in which the above question may he found Front what is here said we can have no possible objection to having our name enrolled as a member of the Association and we heartily recommend the same course to our readers who have reachcd the smite stage in progressive and intellectual thought The proposition howeyer to establish a section of the Blade to he known as the Mhterislaist Sec tion is another and different proposition 1hLI Blade is open at all times to communications front any and every member of the Association au1a section just a few inches would be of so little value that its establishment could not aid in the work to any appreciable extent Our notion is not in opposition to the suggestion offered simply a gentle reminder that a section is hardly necessary Where the entire paper is devoted to the advocacy of t1ie snow principles andsubjects It may be however that members of the Asso cijitiph would desire to group their writings under one head If that is true they have but to express the wish and it can be readily done All articles intended for it should be so mraked qr signedI so that the designation place may be accorded them Such discussions as would thus be created would be certain to prove interesting and the Blade as well as the Association would benefit hereby Mutual interests can be served The discussions would bring about an interchange of ideas and all profit through reading them The Blade can but reiterate that as its pages are devoted to an open advocacy of materialism and the philosophy underlying itas the only trueI philosophy we shall be pleased to publish any article written by members of the Association at any time r r SUNDAY CLOSING IN GOTHAM tNew Yorli Stdte has a statute upon its books which prohibits giving theatrical performances on Sunday but it has been such a dead letter for years that the play houses have been in the habit of giving Sunday performances and the people not only accustomed to it have actuary grown to like it and appreciate it That the people do like it hay brought on a world of trouble The dear pastors of the promi nent churches suddenly found their congregations thinning out and the theaters doing a land office business and all at once the spirit of avarice born of business rivalry began to enter their minds until a united effort was made to shut the theaters up and enforce the old blue law to give the preacher a chance The result is that the preachers trod the religious weeklies published in und around Nev York have joined in a hue and a cry against the stage against the theaters and now insist that they must be closed in accordance with tIle law Ofcourse every good citizen should Obey the law It is presumed that all good citizens do obey the law To the Freethinker this means only the secular law the statute law of the land With he preacher there is another law said to be higher and more to be feared for any infraction known as the Law of God The statute law is the law of nina The preacher insists that the law of God is higher and of greater authority than the law of man If this is true then every preacher in thb land is a violator and breaker of the law pf God In the light of the above definition of good citizen ship the preacher cannot be a good citizen In that event they must also he undesirable citizens Let us law of God is supposed to he laid down in the ten commandments The fourth commandmcnt stipulates that in six days shalt thou labor and do all manner of work and test on the seventh and keep it holy To work om the seventh is to dese crate it and render it unholy Known facts and common experience show that the preacher rests during the entire six days and works with his jaw all through the seventh If the mandate is to he regarded as authoritative that rest must be observed on the seventh day it is equally so in re yard to the mandate that in six days all labor and all manlier of work shall be done The preacher does not labor in the six days said he sloes no man tier of work within them all his work is done on the seventh und- his professional duties require him to conform to a system that is the opposite of the oonmiandmcnt in every way In any event the churches and their organs rare boasting that the good work in succeeding undI that nearly all the theatres have been closed through their effort The protest marls was de clared to he for the benefit of thin poor actors andI actorettes whom the managers required to labor on Sunday This is the most arrant hypocrisy The preachers have no regard for the Sabbath save as cold business proposition and it is u means of ii saving grace and cash to them that the Sunday laws were originally They prate of enactedIwhat way By the utmost a weekly respite from grinding toil nmlid green fields and fragrant flowers in per fumed dOWN one beside the streams Is it nut better to attend a theater on Sunday and see lli portrayal of valuable lessons in human life that to meet at church in solemn conclave and tfander our hellos f Is not dancing preferable to consigning men and women to hell hud damnation Docs popcorn hull or a bag of peanuts If purchased and devoured on Sunday becone displeasing to the Lord The Blade realizes that the preachers would rather you go to church and give your nickel 10 then instead of the poixorn vendor bat we are asking about the Lords pleasure not the preach ers avarice Then why should they be so per sistent in shoving their meddlesome snouts lulu the business affairs of other people that does nut oncern them undll should be so used to us all a 1reniinder r lftheband if we so desire and have the necessary spongy lulx about our clothes to pay the Will of the preachers business tape soinething for the meddlers fiddlCISlt r a r r CHRIST A REVOLUTIONIST WitS Christ a revolutionist IAnswer Ho was Frequently the question is asked what wouLt he done if Christ should come to this or that town the preachers all over the land have discoursed 1itla boost It has been an aide dc camp to a good t sized knock in every hamlet and town DM the Uthethe corrupt politicians who dominate the city government and a well prepared copy of the ser mon is dished out to the press for publication as an item of especial interest The preachers acquite the art of working the press for palls Son e of them will he willing to actually pay tb have their purtys printed in thee local paper Again if a number of business men havo faild t cip in when a listhas been taken round by sonic dear sister of the faith he is made a larkoil mIl n iwtheyVwould gheiChrist if he caine to town Th text is Of am nature and cnn be r alilIadapted for rise at any old time anI under anv circumstances J Now word conies from Toll Juu that a iiKinboif of the established clergy has broken out offrtio orthodox traces and in n sermon roc ally preahoil he terms Christ a revolutionist Tud nflt1flll the history given of him it would be no lie tine money chanters oppressed the people by their usurious exactions Christ whipped them out of the temple His followers do not take kindly to lint policy They prefer to stand in and get n good rake off which not forthcoming in season or out of season the text is dug up resurrected as it were and what would happen if Christ came is told for their especial benefit If the parson wants to get a cash in his pocket by pretending to raise money for a new church or for extension of misIsions and the business men of the community re fuse to be caught out cones the text in a different attire and the treafjuent they would give to if he came ani6ng them is a splendid way in Christjto hurl defiance by threatening hell for their Savior If the Church membership is soul small love manifested between them if splitrshould comic is once brought into public view they are told that by quarrelling among selves they quarrel with the Lord It seems however that the text huts bruit used to some advantage by the English parson for he soIimpressed his hearers with the revolutionary character of the Christ he preached to them that they believe him and forthwith proceeded to stitute a reform church making a bold break front the church established The more OIthodoxI members of hisrcongrcgation are said to have spoke right out in meeting and hailed him with cries of no to such an extent that he had to ask their permission to continue preaching to them even a little longer Take it which you wiill Christ was a revolution ists if the accounts of hint are true He began by arguing with the doctors and he tackled the lawyers next When people did not agree he cursed them and called them whited scpiilchrcs and children of hell When a fig tree failed to furnish him with fruit out of season lie cursed it unle caused it to wither and die lie jumped on the Pharisees told Scribes lie defied the lawful and virulent type lie upset the old Jewish religion and gave one that grew worse with its keeping It did not improve with age He revolutionized Judea and destroyed the Romlan empire by delug irtr it with human blood Is there a revolutionist that could do more or do that much with so much effect Could a revolutionist want to do more If the preachers would hut continue in this strain the orthodox faith would soon be shattered and scattered The more they turn in the direction of the London preacher the foyer Christians will bo found in the luau Speed the good work und let us as Freethinkers turn in and give them a boost along the highway JJIJ I tyI WAS SWORDI PEACE OR That the Magazine came to bring upon Earth Get a Few Pointers From The Despised Samaritan EFFECT OF THE SCHOOLS By A A Snow The government of the United States not in any sense founded on the Christian religion George Washington No religion shall established b y nor hall the equal lights of science be infringed Constitution of the United States KcepChurchnUll State forever sep f amis U S Grant- I see the above question is before your readers and to my mind the most intense believer ought to bo willing t leave the matter of religion to the fam fly alter the vlnirch nod the private school Mr Andrews objects beeauso ho says Mr Long fails to confine him self to the statutes see but little ground for objection Jf the statutes conflict with the constitution he Is wtth in his providence If much more the y conflict with just principles it behooves ihiiii to speak out Would he unite in crying treason against those who ob jected to lirunnos being burnt to death through Christian laws for his infid elity Is not lib position of taxing the people to support religion a vestige of these same dark ages with only this difference the penalty is a little mild art Antioclnu Kpiphancs desecrated the Jewish temple by erecting in it the stat j ute of Jupiter This enraged the Jews to a frenzy that knew no bounds and brought about one of the bloodiest lit tie wars of history A moo handful of Jews trove Antioclnw from the country As long us history is read Antiochus will be known as the tyrant t of his houses We are reforced to build them and forced to send our child theIvk to on the tender minds of our 1fhelplcsJ children before their reason J has sunlcientjy developed for self de fence your religion which we count superstition t The assertion that it is absolutely they cannot be men and women without t it etc ilJilnssurtiorJJonlYJIMoWltlIO Jirtrtlele of proof A lie J same of assertions and with every hitLess much reason I notice the more ignorant u person is the more he Insists that his religion is a panacea for all ills and so very positive is he about it that he will not allow for others the snKfc right he claims for himself If Infidelity or Atheism were taught in our schools wo would not hear an emphatic protest from our most positive Chris tiara T C Andrews Were he not prllI test were a Uoimm Catholic as teacher of his children to otter a prayer stilling for the release of some of the rascals in purgatory and a king the Holy Mother of God St Mary and ten thous and other saints to intercede in their behalf or reading from his translation of the Bible where it squarely contrat diets that of the Protestants f How am I awre that there arethous ands of noble Christians who can see the injustice of turning our school At one time the Christians Jhouell the children from the breasts heartbroken Jewish mothers and adopted them into Christian fam ilies under the plea that the Jews on a account of their religion were incapable of rearing them Now that is my friends logic exactly Ho claims that all morality would go to wreck under Atheism and at the same time nl1oCitet a scheme in the name of absolutely dotitnto of justice hence 1mI moral as have shown Now if your Bible that you rend to your children all true polygamy and slavery are right The gods of the heathens were incapable of doing anything for the people Thesi heathen according to the Bible were without God and without theJ 1world Then they were vlrtunltr Yet they were moral some of them surpassed the Jews in morality and all from that Atheistic soil that friend says is so poor that it would not sprout white navy beans Their gods got their morality what little they had from the people get their morality from the heathen the Golden Rule the most noble words he ever uttered from the Atheist Confucius a Now Christians will you not sit at the feet of the despised Samaritan the Infidel and learn an important lesson Catholic and Protestant are at an eternal wrangle earls wanting ion in the schools Now each of you throw out religion and hake hands Oh Christian will you never learn which it was that Nazarine came to bring was it peace or was it sword f EVEN BETTER THAN WE CAN Roscoe Ohio James E Hughes ar 0l I will drop you a few lines In order to send you a tow clippings to use as you may see fit I see in your last two issues that you aro up to date but am sory to say It Is not the case with mo and has not been for a year with a few exceptions I am very fond of your paper and glad to read It even late Your last of the 3rd came to me an the 13th dont tak this as a complaint as I know you do tho best you JOHN McFARLAND HIGH PRICED PREACHERS Methodist Conference Breaks Up In a Row and Preachers Brings Suit For 50000 HOW THESE CHRISTIANS LOVE ONE ANOTHER By Emmett Weeks Is there a preacher in the country whose reputation Jls worth the sum of 5000 If so point him out Have his picture taken and send it to the good old Blade for I am sure the editor would be willing to publish it on the front page If the Blade readers do not know of one I would like to call their atten tion to a preacher who thinks his reputation Is worth that much for he has brought suit for slander to re cover that amount Fifty thousand dollars for an ordinary ipreacher me tell you about it Some time ago at Malvern Ark the Little Rock Methodist Episcopal Church South which has been dividing members from bishops to laymenInto factions for five years and whlchhas been tho source of numerous church trials was brought to a climax with a 50000 suit for slander Alleging that the continued charges that he once had domestic troubles In a Texas town are false and Injurl ous to his standing as a minister Rev James Thomas the central figure In the long conference fight has filed for damages In the civil courts against G W Hester a Devine Tex banker who came here to testify against Rev Mr Thomas before the church officials Hester with Is wife departed from Malvern beforeflfhe papers could be Cl sorvedi I w4Mr cartesofter In civil courts and to bring church records before the public Prosecutor Reinstated Following the filing of the suit Rev J S Hawkins who has been almost as prominent In the fight as Rev Mr Thomas on acount of his having been assigned to prosecute the case for the church was reinstated as a Little Rock pastor Rev Mr Hawkins hadI been removed from the pulpit andI silenced for making charges against Rev Mr Thomas publicly after the church trial The Thomas case had Its begin ning In the conference more than five ago Rev Mr Hawkins at that was professor of history andieconomics at Prescott College member of the conference He was appointed by Bishop Hoss to prosecute the case against Rev Mr Thomas under church Indictment for alleged falsehood and duplicityIAt the next conference session RevI Mi Thomas was acquitted after trial letter of character from Bishop OI P Fitzgerald of Nashville Tenn giving material aid to the pastor under charges For his part in the prosecution of case Rev Mr Hawkins declares ho was so harassed by friends ofI Mr Thomas that ho decided to make a public statement In the gent eral ncbusatlons It was charged that Rev Mr Thomas had stated that heI Thomas had been a prosecuting I attorney In California while the rec of that state showed that ho hadI held such office This wast evidence that Rev Mr Thomas had a past It was contended Wife Desertion Alleged Then came the allegation that G W Hester of Devlne Tex had known Mr Thomas to have domestic trouble in Texas Rev Mr Thomas In refutation stated ho had never declared bo was prosecuting attorney In California and he denied emphatically the entire charge with reference to Texas trouble Meantime the feeling of factions grew and numerous charges noel counter charges came before the con ference In one case the Instigators of an indictment against a minister admitted that they had no proof and otter expected to press the charges but made the move for political Mr Hawkins summoned before the general conference that mot appeal from a lower church tribunal t in Birmingham Ala May 1906 oh and too sentence of silence for six months because of his charges against Rev Mr Thomas was affirmedBanker Escapes Summons When the last conference met in Mnlvern tho Thomas case had reached largo proportions Hester testiemony was to aid Rev Mr Hawkins In his petition for reinstatement The slander suit for 50000 however changed the aspect of the case and when papers were ready to bo served Hester could not be found by the Malvern deputies However without a voice of protest Rev Hawkins who has gone Into the Thomas case deeper than any other man for what he calls his own vindi cation was restored to his former charge at Little Rock ANOTHER DEFENDANT In a Sensational Damage Suit Flied in a Southern Kentucky Law Court From Paducah comes the informa tion that In a calm clear manner the Rev F M Hawley formerly Presby terian minister at Fulton told the jury In Federal court that he had been taken off the train at Fulton by W W Meadows Dick Thomas H T White James White and Others and beaten with a buggy whip and after wards knocked unconscious by a blowIon the back of his head In an to force from him a confession of lations with Meadows wife He said there were twentyfive gash es on his body caused by the whip He was struck first by H T Smith and he said he denied the accusations and was going back to Fulton to put to rest the rumors when attacked His counsel Judge Robbins of May field said the accusation was trumped up by Meadows to be used in the defense of divorce proceedings insti tuted by Mrs Meadows Will Chlldress and Wayne Thomas testified to the assualt and Henry Oliver said he heard Hawley admit corresponding with Mrs Meadows and counseling her to get a divorce so they could be married and go away as missionaries Charles H Wheeler for the defense said he would show that Hawley and Mrs Meadows were the talk of Fulton on acount of their conduct Hawley alleges conspiracy and sues for 100J 000 damages k WHY CHRISTIANITYIFALIS A religion Is never transformed it exhausts the possibilities of life tained In the principle that created It and then It dies leaving that principle among the number of acquired truths A given end Is never reached by an instrument designed for another pur pose A faith that has for its end the salvation of the Individual for Its means the belief Is a mediator be tween God ond Individual for Its condition Grace for dogma the fall and redemption through anothers workssuch a faith can never be found a Society which though It works for the same end has for means the belief In the collective life of manity for its condition the works we have done on the earth ts doctrine Progress Mazzlnl WANTS TO KNOW James E Hughes Dear sir Inclosed find P O for my subscription for twelve months I do know how tho rest are paying you I hope very well you know I solicited and sent to you about two clubs I hope they are still with you and paying all right I read my paper and pass them along I certainly have done some good here for freethought though there is plenty of Ignorance yet and among the educated people at that I have been a freethinker for 25 years I am now 45 years of age and weight 255 pounds have never been bested by a preacher yet and I have run a many one am now as much a student as ever get three or four Iberal trailers all time and have mony works of philosophy at my command Always count on me as a well wisher for your little paper I am better pleased with It than ever and hope that Blue Grass Blade and the cause it represents may continue to grow until superstition and Ignorance shall fade away and be forgotten by people that shall follow In the futurtIW R Brother Hughes Please send copies of paper taining this letter Part III also Part II and It you have got them at least halt a dozen of each and will settle with you for them- I wrote you recently but expect you are very busy but as you have caught up with your Issues Hope you will have a little more breathing time Revelations Is the hardest dose toIgot anything out of that I ever tried Hope Part III wll bo worthy E LEWIS IF YOU WANT TO READ The most Forcible J Yi READWork on Materialism Ijforce lGlttzBy Prof LUDWIC BUCHNER PBCOEJ 9100 BLUE GRASS BLADE Pub Box 393 Lexington Ky WHY Can Undersell All Competitors EXPERT FIGURES THE COST Chas A Kiler in Chicago Tribune Long investigation among the managers of well kept stores rings to light the fact Unit it costs 20 per cent of the gross sales to pay all the expenses of a score Thus an article bought nt wholesale for if sold nt1jil2U or a ntcringilHins interest on the money Invested in stock salaries of the prnpriV r and clerks light fuel taxes advertising catalogues insurance hall accounts lost moneytheAll of these expenses I do not now incur I solicit and desire the tinuance of the patronage of my old customers and friends only A cosy office and workshop in my residence in this beautjful suburb of Chicago suffices hue millions worth of stock and the newest to select from buy the goods orderell direct from manufacturers and biggest jobbers in the city for spot cash1gefall discounts and generally ship prepaid same day order is received BUY NOW l Diamonds and Watches sreie to ad iii the near future I am an expert of fort cars a rie e or alatgzggii1l ImYp icyQ4Lr0percentya OpticaGoodsTheism in the Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook Co FLORIDA AND WITHOUT NEW ORLEANS CHANGE VIA QUEEN 8 CRESCENT ROUTE Winter Tourist Tickets On Sale November 1st 1907 Good Returning May 31st 1908 For Inforattlon and hat of ketch address 0 C C P 8 T A Male Su Ky Three of WINWOOD READES Celebrated Wor- ksMartyrdom of Man NOW ITS TWELFTH EDITION li a the undergonOlt IDAntdomln iii la ent I Itthe and the 00 the earth so oullloof J a I CLOTH 100 11 The Outcast II IIpndTHE VEIL OF ISIS OR THE J1IjsIe1ies of tne DruiaS1 Inferential workKh avery and meat the aellgloa the that the Mnontc omen 1h ongtaitot Cloth 100 net j postage 14c UAHIUNM Iwingloa Kj iI IWillmall oa receipt of SIJO BLADE PuDMers Box LexI atoll tI THE PROCESSION PLANETS is AddressFRANKIIN THAT SAFE SIDE ARGUMENT By J 0 Stephenson I If you dont know how to meet this much used and highly valued argument 4 1hookletpolnterihow it is done Postpaidtcents Address J 0 STEPHENSON Santa Anna Texas Ruulllall BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers 7 Ky Pubilahedi BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers 33 0000Life and ReminiscencesO H Hobert GaIRCLSOh1 By EDWARD SMITH PR messyful t u1 fr awes ax aNsde5paid vec5r ar PRiCe 1200 BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers m r FRENCH Continued from First Page to pleased to call it France under Napo I Icon the Little one of the first attacks was made upon the school system that the second republic had put in operation Within the first year forty thousand layo or Pmissedof teaching the principles of republican ism instead of the teachings of religion In that same year 257 ecclesiastical schools were established The Rcpubli of France knows what to expect it knows what will happen if it docs not control the schools itself We know in this country what will happen When therefore a priest of the United States with more zeal than discretion arises and declares that tho Catholic Church h spending twentyfive millions of dollars- annually in this country for the suppor of the parish schools and that it is un just and that the school funds ought to be divided and that the Catholic sect ought to have its part to administer as it please there is only this to be said that when that demand is made the citizens of America that love liberty be heard from If they seek us in words of Clemenccau they will find Ul And there is another thing that will take place in this country and it does not need even the prophetic instinct t foretell it The day is coming and it is coming soon it is coming because it is inevitable and cannot long be resisted when the American people believing In the complete the consistent the abso lute separation of church and state will arise almost as one man and demand that all church property whatsoever be made to bear its just and equal share 4of taxation have spoken about education in or der to equip and qualify the youth and maidens I wish Icould addto be citizens of this republic Religion is not necessary Intelligence enlightment in struction are necessary Religion is a matter of personal and private concern intelligence and instruction and a just comprehension of mans duties to himself and to his fellows upon thesis rest ultimately the permanence and greatness of all governments A friend of mine while riding in a street car the other day asked a child on the way to a parish school to let him see her book The child handed it over It was a Childs History of the United States These were the first questions and answers Who discovered Amer ica Christopher Columbus Who was Christopher Columbus A Roman Cath i olie What did Christopher Columbus 5 Ha n to iajWjirtnes- lt of this new world Tie knelt down upon t the sands and gave thanks to the Vir gin Mary Now it would be possible for npenon to be an honorable and use ful citizen of this republic without knowing or caring whom Christopher Columbus prayed to when he landed o whether he prayed at all I say it is more important that the youth andI maidens be taught the principles of publicanism of democracy the august ness of justice the wickedness the at rocity of injustice the crime of permit ting unequal and special privileges It is more necessary for them to be taught the history of the struggle through which other governments have come andi through which they have passed It is more necessary for them to be taught that than it is to be taught the differ ence between high mass and low mass or high solemn mass or a high requiem mass or any other mass It is snore necessary that the children of America J be taught that the health the whole ness the purity the strength of mind and body require cleaniness and whole someness of thought and loyal obedi ence to the laws of nature It is better for them to be taught that Mary was born exempt from original sin thatahb was espoused by this Holy Ghost who deserted her and abandoned her to a mere man the next day after the es pousal There have been hood and use ful citizens who really were all through their life in doubt as to how Mary was born or anything about her subsequent conduct What line been the attitude of the Roman Church or the Roman authorities in this agitation First there obtained Athe imprcsion in France that the Pope would allow the French Catholics cf hey the new law How the impression ame abroad it is not easy to say but that was the general feeling and the Catholics of France if we may judge from reports and letters were in a very large majority in favor of loyallyobey ing or submitting to the government to the laws of their state The govern ment seeing that disposition of con formity extended the time in which they were allowed to make declarations and to advocate the church prop crties extended that time one year Then the Pope issued an encyclical bidding the priests to conform to the law calling upon them in other words to make passive reistance to the author ityof the state in which they lived Then the French government replied by saying If you are going to be re calcitrant if you are not going to obey the law if you will not take advantage of this year of grace that we have ex tended we will withdraw It and we do lIT III qJ withdraw Itou shall obey the law and you shall do it right now And putInbe traitors to their traitors to their master the opeAnd say to you that whenever a situation like that can arise whenever a religion makes a situation like that possible religion has already written its wn doom if that government is a re ublic And then it was evident that Pope and his advisers would come persecution M Brined Minister of Worship and Instruction declared in the French assembly that the government will not waste time in superfluous negoations with Rome neither willl it sacrifice its dignity by refusal or hesi ctancy to enforce the low neither will it proceed to persecution which the Pope seems evidently to desire And the developments have made it clearly manifest that there is no disposition govermnentt ously calm patient conciliatory am perhaps it is the first time in the history of that strange and wondrous people when there has bcena revolution of such magnitude and affecting such vital terests when such calmness and such a spirit of conciliation has been manifest Had it been Rome which was the aggres it been Rome which held the balance of power had it been Rome which occupied tIle supreme position can anybody read her history and think for a moment that there would Have been conciliation on her part to hero tics and unbelievers And then the authorities at Rome did another thing that has been it seems to me strangely overlooked They attempted to embroil the government of France with govern ment of Spain They did it in this way The papal Secretary of State Merry Del Val persuaded the Spanish ambassador to the Vatican to write to the archeivcs that had been left by the papal nuncio Montngini when the French government escorted him to the frontier The Spanish ambassador at Paris upon receipt of the letter wired his government for instructions and Madrid promptly instructed him to keep his hands off Thus Spain even Spain turned her back upon the Holy See Spain the land of Phillip II Spain the land of Ferdinand and Isabella Spain the home of this inquisition and Tor quemada to her Rome stretches out her weak and ineffective hand in vain Ver ily the world moves The sufferings the sacrifices the struggles of the past have not been in vain Glance for a moment at some of the various comments upon the situation A certain archbisho resident in the States a man wftoThaa singU- lar faculty for getting himself salsa trouble critizes first the Catholics or France and then the Pope of Rome lie says if the policy of Leo XIII had been followed the church of Franco would have escaped this persecution He says of the Catholic priesthood ot France that they can teach the catechism and administer this mass but they are not wise politically saints hi aye they are before the altar cowards before the electoral urn One other thing he says which I beg of you to remember the Catholic archbishop It is the old spirit of Voltaire and the encyclopedists which has never died out n France It slumbered for a while under the imperial and royal regime but was rewakened to new vigor in the freedom allowed to thought and speech by the present republic of France What then is the implied remedyt If this opposition is traceable to the erty allowed to thought and speech what is the implied cure Shall we for the maintenance or defense of anyrc ligion seek to stifle the freedom of thought and speech It is the old spirit of Voltaire and the encycloped ists The spirit that will never die out as long as there is upon the globe a sin gle man who would rather do his own thinking than submit his brain like a vassal to any authority under the sun A spirit that will never die out so long as there are men who would rather be free than wear chains Cardinal Gib bona of Baltimore says that the French people hate God hate Christ and hate religion I am not personally acquainted with any of the leaders or members of the present French government and not speak as to their personal likes or dislikes but this I know that if what the cardinal says bo true if there are nay people in France who hate God and hate Christ and hate religion as he says then it is because God and Christ and religion have been represented men their policies proclaimed by men their designs executed by men that in the eyes and before the judgment of honest liberty lovit4 Frenchmen have ninths them odious and detestable The most sympathetic discerning rational life of Christ that was ever penned was written by Renan a French infidel It is altogether possible that the people of France think about God different from the way the Roman heirarchy think about him For instance the Minister of Worship and Instruction clared that if God were to appear upon the streets of Paris it would not be the duty of men to fall down on their knees and worship him but to stand erect and argue do not think the statement was meant for irreverence or for blas j1j if t rI L l1Ilgence lorllely and with dignity to stand in the presence of the Infinite Intelligence to reason not to worship to argue not to bend and bow and submit Isnt it a fact that allof the oppression and arrogance of instituted religions have grown out of a false conception of God If He the Being they say In finitely wise nnd just would he not rather have our dignified approach than our weak flattery our wretched praise Can we honor Him any more by kneel ling that by standing erect vibe issue is on It is between the lenders of the French government and the leaders of the Roman Catholic Church At present between Pope Pius X vicar of Christ and vicc regent of God upon the earth nnd M CIcmenecau 1and the rest of the ministers In hit last encyclical the Pope concude as follows In full confidence that the Virgin Immaculate daughter of our Father Mother of the World Spouse of the Holy Ghost will obtain better days for you from the Most 1IolyantI Adorable Trinity wo send you venerable brothers the whole people the Vir gnivfeimaciilato Spouse of the Holy Ghost and M Clemenccau and the other cabinet ministers in full confi dence we rest the issue with M Cle mencenll bile the age is changing while the worid ism using lorwurd l raiicui is changing It u not the Prance ufI century ago it is not indeed the France that many of us imagine it to Js it not true that your idea and mute has been that they were a people who upon the material splendor upon pomp and shawl Had we been asked to name the greatest Frenchmen in the 10th century whom would we have named It we had been asked to name twenty of the greatest Frenchmen of the century ot 1sebum would wo Lava composed the list f We would have sought the war rims the men of deeds tie martial heioci the men that lave given their names to sung and story A few months ago one of the must widely circulated newspapers of Paris issueda call for a public vote as to who in the opinion of the voter were the greatest French men of the 10th century About fifteen million votes were cast The significance of this vote was that it was not a vote by any intellectual elite or political coterie or exclusive class or vocation It was a vote taken by ue common people thif F rbr the tradesman the UE profes sional man open t regard to distinction of place or privilege or title or power and who of the French taut of the 10th century by the judg ment of the French people think you was placed at this head It was not a warrior it was a scientist It was the great discoverer and scholar Pasteur And the second man on the list with almost as many votes was a literary man Victor Hugo This third man on the listn close third at that was Gain bclta the man who at the birth of the third und present republic stood like a mountain cliff against the onrushing of the too radical and at the same time overcame the reactionary policy of the too conservative The fourth man in the list was Napoleon I From that on down through the whole twenty there came scientists scholars artists dis coverers Arago the astronomer the poet of the planets the singer of the stars Ampere the father of dynamic electricity A physician who discovered u serum for the prevention curs of diseases Two froiuer presidents of the republic Theirs and Carnot The man who introduced the potato in France The 13th man on the list was Zola the man who by the force of his genius brought back an innocent man wrongly condemned and rehabilitated him in his rights The lath place is held by that unrivalled queen of the dramatic stage Madame Bernhardt And so passing by warriors poassing by the dramatic the French mind has passed through such an evolution it has reached such a state of idealism that now by its own vote the great men of the 10th century the ones who lave done the most for the greatness and the glory of France are its scientists its discover ers its statesmen its litterateurs and iti artists And in all that listob- licrcin all that list not an ccclesl astic not a bishop not a priest of ally grade or degree There is in the world today a conception government There isliii inanity a new idea and tunes oJ 0 man France is fighting not ty the battle for her own liberty M In dependence and her own area ss she is fighting the or ertyfTdt all mankind btcaufj lit is Jiie Wherever there is a lit tywyrd ftf wherever there is for 7isFrapiiqglorio Fr sufe5 iifIIIlcon ue hfdis tb soil with tl of ma rtrrcre c t ca wl liIhI11bed nifever es op TBJr PV v thrones Glorious is thy past glorious for the deathless names of the defenders of liberty thy future secure Mountains and the sea divide from the Vatican that ancient home of trigue and treachery against the rights and liberties of mankind while thy memories of thy conflicts fought and won memories of thy rack the dungeon the troture chamber and the stake memories enduring ns the mountains everlasting as the sea defend thee alike from the friendships and the ferocities of papal Rome DR WILSON- In Cincinnati Commercial Tribune ap proves the motto IN GOD WE TRUST To the Editor of The Commercial ribunn he omissions of the motto In We rust from the face of the new gold coin seems to have outraged the fe ings of Christian generally As an agnostic I am willing the mot to should remain According to the Christians this is a Christian country although it has only 28000000 out of 80000000 of the population enrolled M church members icing a Christian country Christians should only have their say They and theyonly should run it and if they want the motto they should have it In my opinion it is appropriate The in the second word is left out but it is so well and generally un derstood that this omission doesnt mat ter church would soon be dead fromI general progressive acncmin were it not for its close association with the god of gold Uulike science and all other departments of fact which depend nlotu upon truth and intellectual merit Churchianity must depend upon tIle gold at its command Its sway over society depends upon style fashion and power and this costs gold and in gold it must only change I would suggest would be the omission of the eagle and in is place put the picture of God Also the name of the particular goo used should bo inscribed under his ture so we would all know the god re ferred to whether to Jehovah Zeus Vishnu Allah or some other of the in numerable god of men liars seen the pictures of some gods whom couldnt trust By all means let the Christians have their way about it Every time a think ing man looks at a gold piece and reads the motto he says to himself Thafo true the god of gold is their trust Their kingdom is not of this world hilt theyrii taking all they can get With rare exception the highest salary de tcrinincs the divine call Remove the gold entirely and put faith and all the ologies on an intellectual basis cease stuffing children until they hays sens enough to judge what they are expected to believe and clergyman soon would be as scarce as cocoanuts in Canada Roosevelt says the motto is irreverent not only that but it so loudly savors of hyprocrisy and cast that it becomes the very best freethought propoganda An open confession is good for the soul so let the good old motto stand What the clergy lave joined together let no man put asunder The corpora tion of God and gold is a trust that only impious hands would antagonize Lmthis particular casts it would bo cruel to disturb such a delicate afinity- J B W Cincinnati November 22 A LIVE DOUSE ON A DEAD LION Among New York writers of estab lished ill fame is Professor Harry Thurs ton editor of the Bookman u crepe uscular literary organ Peck pis mire has issued a volumne of essays including thin slur on Ingersoll Colonel Ingcrsoll was in no respect a thinker He knew that a strong belief in revealed religion was a moving force with thousands of those who were super ior to him alike in mind and training in all the utterances of his fervid elo quence there was nothing that could help to make the life of men on earth more noble or more spiritual or more 111IIgnll in the past defanicaSclileyJMile4 Grover Cleveland timeashyus crarv lve of literature envelopedemin iie soulreachesluiaqwn tnot ay OprohtIIIhind prey t 5 Wlctn o Ingersoll the Great AS nostic who all hislifo n7fsail the In a1 Aelds h toe and e rifaliiemmood Jo lo II 9tUI7ri n wejn tO10 10 au 1YflJlil lmP 111F tO1 llenClofIhs stnso bnifleill tohhti i tlI who assassinaTeM piSsIthrmIflr111mfi Flr6iftttilivp all J fllbJYJI htJihll iJI flALIIIcV1J t j l tVf Glanders about Ingcreoll but the meth ods of this stcrquillnous skunk liars all the stench of a decaying mackerel with out n scintilla of brilliancy so let them paw Pismire Pecksniff is a mental cripple every brain is n field when nature sows the seeds of thought and the crops depend upon the soil From the Story Bo- okSUGGESTIONS FOR ALL MATERIALISTS An Interesting Article From a Faithful Worker In the Cause of Human Freedom That Should Get Some Favorable Answers Made By Eliza M Blevln The main object 6f the Materialist Association Is to band together all Materialists that Is nIl which thoroughly believe there Is no God and no future life We think this banding together will Increase cooperation and confidence in propagating Materialism and en courage nature study scientific tures discussions nnd promotion of practical beneficial morality health and good citizenship in place of theological and spiritualist teachings Is not that what the people need Materialist Association has no mem bership dues All who secure new members become secretaries and may organize a section anywhere Materialist Association Application Blank I am a Materialist there Is no God nor future life Count me a member of Materialist Association Name Address To became a member copy this blank sign and send It to Eliza Mowry Bllven 1st Sec Box Brook lyn Conn- Peoples Press has been the organ of the Association for the past year and we have 112 members If all Liberal papers will print this article so all their materialist subscribers can know about It we ought to have 1000 members by next spring Why not start a Section of Materialist Association In every liberal paper that will allow it a bit of space Each Section can carry on the materialist propaganda In their own way with or without dues bylaws etc All should use the above blank written or printed apPlication their own secretarys In pl ort1 and hAd It with he Section4Why started also In every Freethought Society where there are any Materialist Why not have a Section started In every state and every city where there aer any Materialists Organize and have meetings or work together as you can best to Increase the enrollment of Materialists and help free the people from belief In a God future life and religious follies help them start a more beneficial kind of Sunday meetings Get busy and see who can enroll the biggest Section of Materialist Association and accom plish the most with it Of course every secretary should keep me posted on number of members doings etc The Sections wll be of equal rank Their secretaries will be the leaders the more the merrier The union of many Sections will give strength of numbers and material encouragement and wil band together a great brother hood of Materialists ELIZA MOWRY BLIVEN 1st Sec Box Brooklyn Conn vAmilUullratlon lIlIIIIItli uu i i SHORT tr HISTORY OFGOD andMindThrough Trial and Misfortune FROM AN EXPERIENCEti OF EIGHTY YEARS j 1Jers being in accord with your theology thought I would run the pumlut of the wails basket by sending a trifle for publication if acceptiblc 1lroblblllUlpitduclIinc f r ilinth regard it as a wise provisioni of nature My life was in schooli blhiewas surprised nt its contents of consistencies and contradictions see omnipotence was beat by those who had chariots of iron omnis cience frequently repented liars writ copildhgiving my sentiments to the public a short one now Man has written a somewhat extender history of God and for the present we will suppose it partly true for it Is erroneous to he wholly so We are first introduced to him hu man form but with unlimited powers the condition he said to be the creator ofall things We may well tforiperiodthuselch while thus he was seen of many talked with even facetojface He had much trouble with man kind a part of which was his friends for by the record ho must have killediabout a million fricdns foes We itorywith old age for after his career yarsfront JlogicalGod a strcnous time while in theI y body his omnispotcnce failed whenrhe tackled those who had chariots of iron Judge 110 His doubtful 6m frQllentI j never make these discoveries viz the bigot for he will not reason the foolefor he cannot the slave for ho dare not The present attitude of deity sustains spiritualism for since his i death he has n spiritual jurisdiction over man and is a disembodied deity after nil the miseries ho caused then while in the visible form Om niprcsence seems to bo apparently new gift in his former human form he could not be present at all times to prevent the staying of his chosen ones and was forced to kill thousands of them We may regret that his portrait has not survived the days of his hu man semblance that we might familiar ize ourselves with it as of those of Washington Jackson et ah lure that of his son but the various artists only ogres in giving itva beard of vary ing formsi f1 tod ef HilIrpirr A Vindication I IWear if past errs or Prlace Pms IEesua w rNmsrshimeontalnsCteeoaseonmeteluoiovfealwrlanpserratefrom coins chapm ii iii ii up mnl Chrltttni ntttiDuo Guimrand inveeditedf torBLUE agic ifs 1ia1 rut Ji but spent venture too in and in and had for and now an for Wo