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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, December 29, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 blu1907122901 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, December 29, 1907. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, KY 1907 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Ir 4 c r BLtl GRlss BtADEIScpO T par IiiwJ East SrHWI AIM TO CUT DOWN ERROR AND ESTABLISH TRUTH Itne VOLUME XVL NUMBER 35 LEXINGTON KY DEC 23 1907Published WeekIy150 per Year in advnnc HOW TO AMELIORATE The Sufferings of Mankind by Fol lowing a Simple Law of Supply and Demand SAME RULES MUST APPLY IN LABOR By J II Snlwartz Overproduction of any brings a slump In its commodllyI Tho same law applies to market of tho world Socialists advocate their principles of common ownership as a panacea for all the Ills that affect present day society While much they advocate is along the right line of progression yet there t has been something confronting this human race which has obstructed Its path of progress more than private ownership with its rents profits terests etcii The church with her Imperial man ldate replenish and multiply iie earth has peopled the world with the poor the wretched and the do child has a right to be well born Not a millionaire nor a pauper Had we no paupers we would have few millionaires Statistics show that the wretched poor contribute to idlo rlci yet neither is fit to do so While the children of the one are OftISllrtheir poverty and Ignorance It takes ut a straw upon the current- to turn the lives of either into nels of crime JlanI Had the poor the scientific ablIIngtheir offspring Instead of thetC plentlKtllng and mnltlplylng proems rbrlnglng Into their homes as many Ias aro welcomed and no more ad many as could be wellraised and no more as many as could have an equal opportunity with others of the race and no more what a different world tills might be But just as long as the church dominates the ignorant masses with her Do thus and so or be damned just that long will there exist an overproduction of the helpless poor The surplus trust live They crowd the farms shops and fac tories everywhere like starving at the trough This drives dow wages This creates profits How shall we remedy ItS Intelligently de crease the production Were there fewer poor children tnero would b fewer pauper laborers As long as the labor market is over crowded so long wilt wages be low and millionaires s will thrive Both the overfed and underfed ar fruits of this pernicious bible doc itrlne Not long ago I myself heard 4n preacher declare from his pulpit Ilin every woman should be com Belled to bring forth into the world as many children as nature would allow Ho went so far as to recommend of ficial investigation where the multi plication of the race was neglected Fool that he was Ignorant or othe- wise Was there some mercenar motive which Impelled him to such a declaration or was it really his object Ignorance of surrounding con It bo wiser to compel of ficlal Intervention where there is ovcrbreeding Yet I think neither necessary What then say atheism Cast down frftn their thrones the gods of superstition destroy the structure upon which It Is built the bible make mankind the highest Intellectual being In existence and wo its god who shall say when and how often she shall reproduce her kind then and not till then cnn all e have happy comfortable homes inhabited by a superior race Then only will the supply bo equal to tho uemand and no more I See but one way to reach this Ideal stake and int Is through evo lution and not revolution through education not through compulsion Evolution Is as much a factor for betterment In the moral and social world as In the physical What Mr Burbanks does with plants by artificial means evolving I fI r 1 quickly what might take nature can we ntlicists hurry along the evo lutloirof society by placing environ undreds or thousands of years So mcnts around those with which we come in contact that will lead them on to athesls In which In turn leads ultinudtelIto human emancipation Rccen qn his 70th birthday Mr Carnegie said believe In the doc trine of evolution and I am well aware that it is tho ruling principle of scientific thought today It is a comforting personal creed So fasts man advancing today that one no older than I am has had in his time unanswerable and overpowering proof ofitE CarnegieIas AThe of the times point our way Alt w years ago In my own rural community where tho church flourished in regal it is now a poverty begging mendicant The cry on every hand Is the enurch Is going down and Carnegie says man advancing Soclaltemk doing much towards educating the masses while I doubt ts establishing a national commonwealth It inmost assuredly a positive factor in showing tho Individual his place In aoclety and nature making himself equal to any man overcoming his superstitious reverence for the rulers of lbJearth and the heavens When lle can become absolute ly atheistic and make the mothers of the raceour only gods choosing for themselves their number of children power will vanish misery be come less PjOnd squalor disappear from the earthr f t S4 SOT A S6UL J One of those Literary Posers that Comes From the Brain of aIMaterialist By Otto Wettsteln If matter does not think what is It that thinks We know living ani mill forms think but have absolutely no knowledge of physical actvlty In the absence of physcal activity casinost iiinthe absence of physical structure it follows of necessity that thought is a product of matter generated vitaechemical processes of the living ani mal Why divest the crowning work of nature or of God of capacity thatea mythical soulman or spirit within man thinks Why Ignore tho import ant fact that instead of explaining the basis of thought the soul hypo thesis leads us into far greater mys teryPlace your spirit man beside the physical man and are we not again confronted with identical or vastly greater mystery by the ques thinkrnythinker absolutely nothing tangible which thinks Has a soul a soul a spirit a spirit within its outer form If not if you can believe a decarnate soul of which you know absolutely nothing and which has neither body parts organs or brain can think amIi whose attenuated fonn is invisible to normal vision inscrutable and be yond scientific research If you cnn believe this overtowering mystery what logical right havo you to chal lenge the Materialist to explain is an every day plain sAlt evldent fact but we are conscious of it only as a function or process of man and the lower animals In tho absence of such animal forms wo are not awaro and have no evidence of thought or physical processes hence this proves beyond cavil anl doubt that organized living matter Is tho sole causo or basis of all mot tal phenomena And If the church lhsle31Ianalysisflnd that it also is matter J r fi HOWt HOT IS THE SUN Figures Given Based Upon Recent Experiments With Furnace Heat Few Interesting Facts From Science The following is reproduced from the Literary Digebtf If wo mean by the sun the sun rays as they reach tho earth site passage through its atmosphere w have a question answerable by means of the ordinary thermometer in con nection wth simple apparatus But what would bo indicated by a device for measuring temperature if It were plunged into tho mass of the sun self This is a difficult question but physicists have not hesitated to attempt its solution Tho consensus of spvcral different methods seems to Indicate that the temperature of the sun Is somewhere near 10000 degrees F Professor Mllloohau a French physicist who has studied the subject by means of observations from the summit of Mont Blanc contributes to the Revenue Sclentlfiquo Paris September 7 an account of recent work along this line He work done with the object of ascertaining the suns temperature has been directed toward measurement of its calorific effect on the earth or what physicists have named the solar constant This is the heat- Ing effect produced in one mInute on a cubic centimeter of water receiving solar radiation through a blackened surface at the limits of the terres- trIal atmosphere That our ability to measure thlb effect is yet limited appears from th table given by the author Th values for the solar constant vary all the way from 18 obtained by Pout let in 1837 to by Angstrom 1s90ia duff rr of jjejrJxlfQx n cent Thelast result that of Han sky in 1905 is 33 Mr Millochau thinks that these variations are n wholly due to inaccuracy but part to the fact tat the suns heat is really not constant but chang from year to year The correction for the absorption of the earths at mosphero is also Very alVcult make But supposing we could sure of tho absolute value of constant would this enable us to g an idea of the actual temperature the sun Itself that is the registra tlon of a thermometer plunged into the solar mass Yes answer fl author provided we are able to agree on a definition of this temps- shire A body emits more of less radiation according to its flea and physicists have agreed that a black body emits and absorbs the maximum possible amount of rada tlon Experiments on furnaces have been made with a view to obtaining the relationship between their ten perature and the intensity of the radiation and on the basis of these tho suns temperature would be from degrees to 7000 degrees according to the various values signed to the solar constant Another temperjaturoraises a black body on the earths surface Tina socalled law of Stefan states that the suns temperature would be proportional to the fourth power of this quantity which would give between 5000 degrees and 6000 degrees The authors own work at Mont Blanc observatory was theI with the socalled pyrometrlc scope devised by Fery in 1902 and used by him to measure the temper ature of furnaces This Instrument concentrates tho radiation from the body under observation on n thermoelectric couple where it generates ti slight electric current measurable with a galvanometer Results are obtained with a body of known tem perature and these afford means of calculating that of an Inaccessible body Mllloclmus telescope was standardized by an electric furnace heated to 1400 degrees C about temiernturefound to bo 5480 degrees C Says the author Wo have seen that by applying Stefans law to the numbers given b various observers for thin solar con Stout we find that the suns temper 1Z r r ri L lII I is between 5600 degrees and degrees Wilson and Gray in node a direct measure of this temperature by means of the ther moelectric pile and obtained 5573 degrees and measurements made with the pyrhellomctrlc telescope lead to the figure 5CC3 degrees There is yet a third method ofevalu atlng the solar temperature It con sIsts In an application of tho physical law of radiation known as the law of displacement The product of the wavelength corresponding to the maximum of intensity In the spect multipliedT byato be 29000 Now the solarspectral05 which would make the temper attIre 5800 degrees WOMAN LIKES TO OBEY The Word In the Marriage Service Amounts to Very Little as You Grow to Regard ILfOPINION OF A WOMAN ON THE SUBJECT ClippingeThe editor has asked me to discuss the following question Do Women to Obey The editor thinks they do It would be interesting to know he says how women especially young and sentimental women feel In re gard to this suggested change ijrom tho point of view of Justice of common fairness it seems ridicu to ask the bride to promise to eobey taut we are inclined to think strange as it may seem that a great maN young brides would bo very clausearnot an age bf obedience to any set Idea retselfyrlSI woman remains in theesexpressed or understood her husband ntodisillusionis doet1o Is her pleasure tJust so the man who really loves re longras with respect for 10her good sense salt fairness of mind wiferrespectwho unuor diseased with jealouslythen obe dience becomes a sin and an ab surdity and is only possible to th cowardly or weak mind This is a womans century and usimlrThere are more men today obey ing the whims of unreasonable wives than there are wives obeying tyrant husbands I have heard a woman promise t obey at the altar looking like a nee angel under her veil and In less the two years have seen her stalwart husband afraid to lift his hat to an old sweetheart on the street fur fear of a scene afterward and afraid to refuse an extravagant wish of his wife lest she fall wuh norvcus prostration as was her nablt whet crossed have known a strong man to live for more than thirty years In absolute terror of killing his nervous and delicate wife by disobeying any wish of hers however selfish or un reasonable and to precede her to the gravestill with that fear In his heart So after all the word obey in the marriage service matters little It is temperament not ritual which decides everything in marrigae lint since no woman obeys unless she wants to through her love or tar the word is useless and ought to bo expurgated from the service Tho woman who does not obe a good man she loesthrough love will not bo forced to It by n word the woman who because of a promise obeys a bad man ought not to abetted or upheld by a law Tho word obey was fIrst used when womans position socially and Intel f Ji fIIIi J t lectually was considered far Inferior to that of man and when she was in every way dependent upon him for her recognition In tine world and for her maintenance That is all changedwoman and man are comrades in Independence and equals In all the walks of life With these other change which have come to them the marriage rtlual should change and omit the word obey That would not prevent any wo man from the happy obedience of love JEWS- ON LIQUOR QUESTION Article Reproduced by Request Shoty Ing Hebrew Opinion on the Is sues of Temperance and Pro hibition In America NOT DRINKING BUT- DRUNKENNESS CONDEMNED Reprinted Upon the earnest request of riend of mo Blade the following well written article is given publicationl taken from the columns Louis Modern View and afterwards publlsed in the Post Dispatch Whether it be due to the American temperament which is ever beat on trying new ventures or it be tho re suit of an intelligent desire to eradi cate an evil that has wrecked many a home and broken many a heart pro hibition seems to be the order of the day The South in many a State and county has already set the example and other parts of the country will no doubt soon follow What the effect of such a policy If adopted from coast to coast maybe upon the countrys prosperity hard to foretell But one thing seem- certain The health and happiness of the people will hardly be lncreas- eto extent tire proliibitibnisK would nave us believe they would beITemperance Is n moral condition anti morality cannot be controlled by legislation All legislation can do is drive a certain phase of imnmoralit from openness into secrecy wlsic change can in po way be considers a gain But this is not tho only thing the advocates of prohibition seem to over look in their zeal for temperance They seem to confuse cause and ef test in this instance While it Is true that drink ups proven n curse in this country yet the evil lies not in the drinking but rather In the con drunkennesssand the lack of proper home surroundings two ac toneg as appcnr more at tractive thin me fireside and a mans con feres more congenial than his jugal companion the state of intem perance and immorality will exist And even If Je saloons be closed b ro1hlhlted inskallnother avenues to vice to gratify his unbridled desires dlslllaInature when they laid so much stress upon the proper taro and culture of the home It is to this fact alone that we must attribute the health state of affairs among us Jews N own it solely to our homes which have always been laud happily still are preceded by a moral atmosphere that mo curse of drink is practically unknown slid the problem of intern peranco scarcely felt by us Jews We are not total abstainers but wo have been trained to moderation use liquor but we do not abuse it Already In Biblical times our people were taught that the total abstainer Is nut the best type of moral man The Nazarite who pledged himself to total abstinence from strong drink was commanded In the Bible to bring a sin offering And rightly so for by his conduct he gave evidence 01 an utter misconception of the Jewish view of life Judaism does not do theIIit 1 1t ATHEISTIi BURIED FROMsEPISCOPAL CEMETERY Captain Murphy Died as he shad Lived and a Cousin of W J it Bryan Preached the Funeral i Sermon In which he Excorl f ated Creeds and Dogmas tiAmongFaith SPEAKER LEANED UPON THE BIBLE WHILE HE HEAPED COALS UPON- CHRISTIANITY The following was originally pubglished In the Cincinnati Enquirer and r as it contains so much to encourage so much to cheer and aid us in the work of human freedom it is given prominence in the Blade that our r 1DesillteSpring Grove Chapel was thronged at 3 oclock yesterday afternoon with JoVtritlived tofcousin of William Jcnnigs Bryan He t tstood on the same spot as have hun i t dreds of the most 4mendenied during his address that there is a God the while he leaned uponrthe Holy Bible which had been placed with the Episcopal book of t prayer upon the desk Incongruous enough was the fact that while Bryan was explaining tho views of himself and his dead father inlaw the casket reposed on a coffin t carriage which was draped with a weresScriptural quoi r tations in gilt letters r Jit LrJiHf eUi tile Lord thath fJI 1S taken away I am the Resurrec tlon and the Life I know that my Redeemer liveth When John Reid the caretaker of the chapel made arrangements for the funeral he asked the belief of the r lifehnever a service over an avowed infidel in the chapel before said Reid so I just laid out the Episcopal prayer book and the Bible and covered the casket carriage wtlh the pall bearing the Scriptural quota fleas If they had asked that these be removed I would not have re moved them unless Superintendent Salay had so Just prior lishment leaving orderedIone wanted to Eyrlch repeated the Lords JohnIiThe funeral service was to Jtuken place at oclock but a watt followed the arrival of the fun eral party at the chapel as Mr ibuilding futesfollowing address BRYANS ADDRESS ti J 1jhIsmanner to consider the great char t ucter and life of Captain Lucien Murphy rx and I were born about the Jv osame time and wore taught in our childhood that this material body witch we now surround would onfsome uncertain day at the sound of I trumpet arise exactly as in life and endure n monotonous endless existence Such things are imposed on children and women still In some ebeck copiers but Captain Murphy 1end I soot had sense enough to re ject them The name or thing or boo ilIwhenappear to bo a big cruel fiend or tenoughknow that all things went on about uspf according to certain qualities of mat ter ntid that tho universe around us though Influenced by similar quali ties and conditions Wo noticed that if any infinite intelligence existed about us he she or It most often Continued on Fourth Page I I1 r j L j J I BLUE GRASS BLADE Founded 1884 nnd edited by Charlf Clillton Moore up to his death February f 1906 JAMES E HUGHES Editor anti PublUlter SUBSCRIPTION RATES nifcSl postpaid J50 year in idvuuus five new subscribers sent with one reraltanco at 100 per year each Trial subscription 15 cents per month All foreign subscription postpaid 200 per yeear MAKE paynbltowill facilitate collection f ADVERTISING RATES ALL ADVERTISEMENTS of wbntsnever character ac cepted will be published at the rate of 100 pe inch per month unless by special contract when other and better rates will be quoted upon applica tion The publishers have the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at tile expiration ot the term for which the sub- t eruption has been paid up In advance Th address slip on the paper will show subscribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent it asked for upon rene al in case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER chaie his or het iddre advise this office giving both old and new aim the Blade will be sent to the new address aa desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 12Cia North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome tHE BLADE is entered at the Jostoflice at Vsvinnton Kentucky as second class mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COM tUIICATIONS TO THE BLU GRASS BLADE P O Box 393 Lexington Ky t iPOTPOURI The caption is of Greek origin It means mixture in an informal way an aggregation of things not necessarily connected It Is in this sense that we call attention to the matters touched upon in this article The first and most important question is what the Freethinkers of the country shall do to corn menllorate the anniversary of the birthday of Thomas Paine which will fall on the 29th day o January The Blade would like to join in on monster celebration It would prefer that the celebration be made national in its scope As Freethinkers 5on we must not allow his memory to dim J hi the mind To him more than to any other man who ever trod the soil of this continent is fi American liberty due and the very existence of l Lthe republic As the time is limited action must taken at once and attention is called toy th Elliottrt secretary of the Paine Memorial and Associations On this subject he writes Friend Hughes I should also like some of the writers for th Blade to write their suggestions as to the bes way of commemorating the centenary of the bir I of that great man Thomas Paine whose biographer M D Conway died recently in Paris and whos- great ambition was to be present and say a few 1words on that occasion in the city of New Yorl- where he died June 8 1809- I take great pleasure in sending you a portion of a manuscript of Thomas Paine which wits sold in this city for 3900 its purchaser being a New York millionaire I hope the Blade will publish it as the same has not been seen by the free thinkers for over a century It was published hi a New York paper in reply to a letter of Jame Cheetham his lying biographer There was another New York governor who failed to tell the truth about Thomas Paine after he was informed ol the factsbut as he has more troubles of his ownt I will not give his name but he resides in Wash ington L 0and has done one good act by taking In God We Trust off the 10 gold pieces And I would suggest to our religious folks if they wish it restored that they place the God we trust upon all gold coin And upon the Panama bonds Jhe portraits ol Morgan and Roosevelt with the Words in these men the nation trusts f Your trulyJ ELLIOTT In the same letter Mr Elliot also referred to the sudden death of the alleged Atheist at Ada Ohio showing how he had run the item down ant show it to be false by writing to the widow but as that story had been satisfactorily further comment on that subject is unnecessary Our readers will observe however that refer ence is made to a reply made by Thomas Paine to his inveterate enemy Cheetham who after Iris death undertook to msilign and traduce the revolutionary patriot Mr Elliott suggests that the reply made by Paine at that time should be printed in letters of gold but as we have not the means we will do the best we can by giving it prominence in our editorial column The letter reads A very interesting and Autobiographic Sketch in which ho severely handles Checthanii for his unfair criticism of himself Paine Cheetham seems to have doubted his Patriotism and ac cused him of never handling a musket in defense of his country of this Paine has to say Soon after the declaration of Independence July 4 76 Congress recommended that a body often thousand men to be called the flying Camp because it was to act where ever necessary should lF j J ba funiiHlul from the Militia and Volunteers of Jersey Pennsylvania and Miaryland 1 went with tho diviMoy front Pennsylvania under General i Hobordeflu We were stationed at Perth Amboy afterwards at Bergen and when the time of the flying camp expired and they went home I went to Fort Lee served as Aide de Camp to Greene who eoinmandtd at Fort Lee and was with him through the whole of the black times of that trying campaign I began the first Number of the Crisis beginning with the well known expression ateNewark upon the retrtwt front Fort Lee and con tinned writing it at every place we stopt at and had it printed at Philadelphia the of December six days before the taking of tho Hessians at Trenton which with the affairs at blackrtimes It therefore is not true that I stuck to my pen in a safe retreat with Congress from Pluladel phia to Baltimore in the times that tried mens souls But if I had done so I should not have published the cowardice James Cheetham has done lu speaking of the affairs of the Driver Sloop of Wjir at Charleston S C he said in his paper itein s to come we must submit What abominable cowardice for a Man to have such a thought in his mind that a city containing twenty thousand able bodied men numbers of them as stout in person as himself should sub mit to a sloop of war containing a hundred and fifty men After this Mr Cheetham will take care how he attacks old Revolutionary characters whose uudiscouraged integrity in the times that tried aims souls made a home for him to conic to Now we ore brought back to time proposition of what the Freethinkers of America will do to cele anyEbe inclined to write upon the subject the Blade will open its columns with unbounded pleasure Now is the accepted time Let everybody speak While on the subject of great men especially Freethinkers those now dead and gone no main held a higher place in the hearts of Liberals than Lthe late beloved Ingersoll That his popularity should continue is no surprise to those who knew him It will be recalled that shortly after his death the Dresden edition of his works being aI compilation of his life his writings his letters and all sorts of manuscripts hitherto some of them unpublished was put upon the market and it has been in constant demand ever since To stillexthough quiet and unobtrusive is still very much alive we quote the following from Lou Lawrence the subjectIc- orrhe great Taylor money maker has been 11I twelvevolume set of books which most men would tell you could not have a large sale in an expensive editiontire Dresden Robert G Ingersoll Though published several yearsagot immediately after the death of the great heretic this collected edition of his works is still in demand and there is no indication that it will not continue so for some years to come littletcomfortably provided for hisrngs an many voltwied edition it thevsixtytSANTA CLAUS AND CHRIST 4JLet Santa Clnus come into child life as the most fasiuating of all fairy tales and the story of the Christchild as the most beautiful of all real stories So runs the new argument of superstition in support of its great myth that myth by which it has been able to enslave the minds of millions of human beings And yet it is a fitting comparl son Childhood would not entertain the slightest regard or passion for the Santa Claus fake were it not that it is led to believe that some sort of a substantial reward follows such belief and it is impressed with this idea of reward by the in struction to hang up the stocking and await re Stilts The stocking is found loaded with presents surreptitiously placed therein and the childs be lief in Santa Claus becomes explicit complete and deifying The belief is heightened by the mystery bing sled drawn by reindeers and this gives it a fasci nation for children to be enjoyed immensely but the disappointment conies in a more mature ago when the imposition is discovered How similar is the Christ story When the world was in its in fancy it loved to deify the elements Anything that seemed mysterious that which could not be understood or explained the simplest phenomena of Nature were all attributed to some unknown incomprehensible deity and as knowledge became slightly more prevalent the cunning few invented socalled religious myths with which to gull and work ignorance and it succeeded like a charm Among these myths was that of the Virgin Mother and her child The priest hood pointed glowing pictures of promised rewards for a belief in and acceptance of the new myth and ignorance fell into the trap Only as the world grew wiser did it discard the notion curd to learn that it had been deceived so successfully very naturally created a resentment which will account for the opposition to the Christian church that is trice with in all parts of the world 14r1 Santa Claus is or has been to childhood so In rist myth is to men and women Both ar ClllI Ife The former Is harmless in itself for uiucut dire is threatened for any disbc lid ihercin The latter is both mischevious anti uiful for around it leas been built a monstrous syhijiUi of greed and avarice selfishness and sordid vice From it organizations have sprung up to impel belief where intelligence gives a plain denial Rich and poor alike are robbed to maintain it The law is invoked to compel dissenters to support it Millions of dollars are wasted upon it every year Industry is deprived of its just rewards and body politic is hampered and threatened at every step Through the medium of the Christ myth legislative policies are influenced in an effort to please and the notion of reward as with Santa Claus is ever uppermost in the believers mind for without the promised reward the system would perish and die Just as the child must out grow Santa Claw so will the world in its growing wisdom outgrow Christ and his church It is doomed to that deck which has been the fate of all religions and sidering the harm it has done posterity will not mourn its loss Although impressed with a deception in youth the child does not grow distrust the word of its parents in that the decep tjou is only temporary With religion it is different The deception is sought to be perpetuated It is sought to be mjjule permanent The world is not expected to lose the illusion There is nothing to be gained in real life by nursing a delusion no matter how beautiful that delusion may be The child never fees its Santa Claus and man will never have an opportunity to see Christ except that Christ which is within himself the true Savior through righteousness endeavor and truthful Claus in some instances encourages greed Children of tho same family will vie with each other in tin effort to get more than the others or something better Christians hope to get nror of supposed heavenly throne than their neighbors and greed is further inculcated in this fashion Time more bulging the Christinas stocking the greater the reward The nearer the throne a seat right up in front even on the throne itself is the one Christmas dream How foolish How child like In learning that Santa Claus is a myth the child experiences disappointment Upon learning that the Christ in which he has been led to be sieve blindly is a myth the man passes through a stage of resentment Santa Claus is proven a myth early in life before iiijuch real harm can b done Christ is discovered to be a myths only upon arriving at the age of mature thought and it i almost impossible to repair the injury it has lone THE DECLINE OF THE PAPACY Mrr y f BreachI is going steadily on The Pope of Rome in an effort to frighten tho more timid of the priesthood issued his famous encyclical against what he termed Modernism within the pale of the Romish Church and every scholar of a further breach has taken offense n the castigation with a possibility of a further breach being created Officialism is always apt to die of its own weight when it undertakes tyranny as a means of com pelting respect of reverence Intelligent men and women will no longer subit to time tyrants yoke whether it be from kingeraft or priestcraft Educated Catholics do not bow in submissive grace tu every edict issued by the church and thousands who extend a nominal obeisance to the church will indulge in the eating of meat on Friday abstain from the confessional and many never even attend mass all of which are supposed to be intractiblb rules of the church and its institutions If the Pope had intended the driving away from his organization nil persons claiming or assuming telligence by styling them Modernists as a term of reproach he could not have taken a better course for his encyclical appears to be having that effectAmong the most noted of the priesthood to come under the papal ban through the medium of the oncyclicnl is Cardinal Newman of America one whom every educated convert to that blac faith regarded as a direct or personal leader He is foremost among the Modernists and the ties that bind the priesthood to the Papacy were regarded ns being extremely thin so far as Newman has been concerned To continue the fight and to make some designation of persons will be sure to alienate many American Catholics from the domination of the Vatican with the possibility of a new American hcirarchy with Newman at its head maybopopoOneviews of English Catholics discussing the situa tion recently said Newman is there and the encyclical is there and students emit judge for themselves More over unless theI highest authority is the Popo the assurance is worthless If it is the Popo why are we not told 01 Is the Pope afraid to commit himself in matters beyond his information At most we can gather that the Pope did not intend to condemn Newmans teaching But what he dill not intend his delegates have done And then the assurance is well guardedand qualified From this wo are to judge that tho Jcsarlb- etwecn Newman and the encyclical Realising the fact that most Americanized Catholics arc not1 byIjlS questionable and questioned authority it begins suptport for the present hope stud he will either have 10 draw in his horns or lose a valuable ady on this side of the Atlantic Catholicism draws a much larger revenue from the United States than Ameriman ore PUPI geese golden eggs and it now appears that his 1ceentIencyclical is about to kill them oft so far as the Vatican is concerned and lessening of the re straints of papal authority must inevitably result Weil keep up the grand work Let disintegration of Catholic ensue gearand power of one of the most undesirable eerie siastical organizations in the entire civilized world Let us then widen the breach YANOTHER FRAGMENT DISCOVERED Yfie University of Chicago through Prof Henry A Sandersijin an address given before the Archaeological Institute courts notoriety once more in announcing to the wondering world that another discovery has been made during researches in Egypt which consists of a fragment of the New Testament containing a saying of Christ alleged to have been made to eleven of his apostles after his supposed death and lessurectionITime Blade has heretofore suggested that this Jiscovery ousmess is getting to be a played out old song as Whitcoinb Riley says for almost anyrthing can be discovered in these days of doubttand criticism but as a general rule they fail beforet- ime calicuni light of criticism in the crucible oi investigation Before attempting a criticism haveobeen lost for thirteen centuries the Blade prints it in full in another column to which attention ia here called to facilitate discussion and comparison In the first place the alleged apostles speaks of age of unrighteousness and unbelief under the power of Satan when as a matter of fact there was nothing to believe but the musty miracles of Christ is said to have performed in aureffort to convince the susceptible Jews that he was time Messiah long promised and time fulfillment of that promise As they were the very people eto whom he had been sent and as they had re jeeted him and his preposterous claims the unbe Ilief existed long his advent and it has continued throughout all the ages since It professes a be lief in evil spirits a purely priestly invention while the answer given to the questioners by the llegied Savior belies the Christian attitude of these days in that lie declared that the limit ot the years of the power of Satan has been fulj filled f Taking the Christian world at its own argument the power of Satan is still rampart and if their reasoning be followed out Satan is getting all the choice plums in the garden of the gods The balance of the story as it relates to the socalled statement of Christ implies a rank fake that act ually smells being so strong in that it is simply ta begging cry that the world should accept him as having been delivered to death for the sins of others nothing more than the same old cry wejhave heard front time immemorial Reference is made that the declaration can be found in both the writings of Peter and Paul but it is admitted that the gospels do not contain it and that all later writers strictly avoided it Ac ceptiug even this explanation there is ample room for forgery in that the notion could have been derived from where it is said it can be found and the color of imposition appears upon its face The importance attached to the fragment is in it Christ is supposed to have predicted that the destruction of sin in the world was near at hand How near we are not informed Not even a hint is given Thc presumption arises that it was meant to be very near in that age at least but it has not come yet according to the Christian notion for they are continually urging that sin is macrons ing day by day so they can rake up that old ar gum cut that a thousand years are but as a day in the sight of god and the answer is complete bykin Egypt at the time searching for treasures toIadd to his art collections Add to tins discovery tho recent announcement that historical references had recently been dis covered confirming the storyof Josephs corner in wheat while in Egypt also that of tho confirmation of Soon lou und first and second class wives and we are ably to see at a glance that the discovery business is being worked overtinfc and the market will soon be made to suffer from an overproduction Then comes the discovery of discovering too much and the reaction sots in With these supposed fragments of the Bible so it is with the supposed fragments of tho cross Front time to time bits of wood have been sold and carted away supposed to be bits of wood taken from the true cross which it granted to gether in one pile would motto enough out of which to build a thousand true crosses So it to with biblical fragments If the discovery bus Imsss continues much longer at tho same rate thero will soon bo enough now fragments out of which make another bible Is it riot time that thinking people were given a rest Besides if the story of Christ be true It is not in need of confirmation by tho continual discovery of these fragments of biblical history Another thing the natives now thoroughly uuuliur with Christian jealousies and Christian l it f ir i rtis I I 4J Q 4 mint ions nml Iii Ices arc iitunufnuturutl mid palm d off mi hem without mercy THE PREACHERS SON How oftiii liivo we hear it snid that the sons of neailu1s too frequently turn out to he the worst oaths in the community ns illns rating the in ioniptteircy of religious methods in the training if children und preparing them for their struggle with the great world Strange to relate there comes a case in poin through an autobiographical work by Ednnuu Gosse entitled Tattler and Son in which he give an account of the religious austerity practiced upon him by his parents and the result ili alines inevitable in all such cases The life and experiences of Gosse are very similar to those metI with thousands of others who will be able at n glance to recognize the conditions and the results they wrought Is is the natural outcome of too much confinement of thought too rigorous an ap plication of orthodox rules and too strict an attempt to foVce belief upon an unwilling and seep tical mind Just as the imprisoned bird longs for freedom so does the mind of men and that free dom will be had if half nn opportunity present itself The work stay be slow So was the worl slow to Morgan and his men as they tunnellec their way out of prison but the result of their labors was a joyous freedom won by their owr effortsIn present case no direct bad resulted but it was an instance of an inverted conversion for in stead of making the son religious to an orthodox degree he went the other way and developed into a sceptic concerning the most essential tenets pJ the orthodox faith On this subject Gosse speaking for himself says For over three years after their marriage neither of my parents left London for a single day not being able to afford to travel They received scarcely any visitors never ate a meal away from home never spent an evening in social intercourse abroad At night they discust theology read aloud to one another or translated sqientific brochures front French or German Here wa pcrf ct purity perfect intrepidity perfect abne gation yet there WitS also narrowness isolation an absence of perspective let it be boldly admitted an absence of humanity And there was t curious mixture of humbleness and arrogance en tire resignation to the will of God not less entire disdain of the judgment and opinion of men My parents founded every action every attitude upon thtijr interpretation of the Scriptures and upon the guidance of the divine Will as revealed tt their by direct answer to prayer Their cjacula1 tion in the face of any dilemma was Let us cast it before the Lord They lived in air intel lectual cell bounded at its sides by the walls 6i their own house but open above to the very heart of the uttermost heavens No fiction of any kind it is said was allowed to be read nor any poem which told a story Tin writer continues Never in my childhood did any one address to me the affecting prcmable Once upon n time I was told about missionaries but never about pirates I was familiar with hummingbirds but I had never heard of fairies They desired to miake me truthful the tend ency was to make me positive and skeptical Had they wrapt me in the soft folds of supernatural fancy my mind might have been longer content to follow their traditions in an unquestioning spiritImprison the mind and only a melancholy nature is produced The most exacting Christian is the most unhappy Feeling miserable himself he likes to create misery for others to keep him company Invariably he appears as if his religion was actually hurting him aid he wanted to try and enjoy being a serf constituted martyr The more misery here the greater the happiness over there As in the case of the writer above mentioned there mmanjjetoday an instinctive and unconscious grasping for every message of hope and joyous truth that comes bloating in from the outside world of beauty and romance which the monitors of orthodoxy would keep front men und women Once a stray inkling of light can penetrate the gloom thus created it will germinate in the unconscious growing part of human nature und then comes the conversion not ns orthodoxy would have it lint in a contrary direction There may sill be an affection and respect but the mind clings lio lounger to the intellectual rubbish heap it seizes upon every new romance every new truthThis brings us back to the subject of the preachers son Ills parents whether from per sonul desire or an ambition to appear strictly in the faith before the mlemibers of his congrega Jon will insist upon a regular attendance upon Sunday school upon the church servictS and at family prayer Rigorous habits are formed and intended to be kept Rules are laid down from which the ambitious youth must not deviate or depart On the other hand we have heard it said that familiarity or too much of it breeds contempt and you know the preacher mid his son must live togetherl under the same roof cat at the sumo tllh with other almost constantly At home a man wilt lay aside his mask and lie appears in his true form Even a preacher will do things and say things at home in the presence of his wife and children that he lore not say or lo in the presence of his con gregation or in public This leads to a belief of insincerity upon the part of the fa her in the mind of the son and this fact tends to create in him a contempt for religion awl religious instruction What is the result A breaking away A loosen tilug of the parental restraints and a course of life 1HI mid conduct at variance with those tonight him his Luther The Blade heiTfully admits that there lire ex eeptiortf to this rule hilt thu exceptions prove Mile and there are thousands today who can esti fl to the truths herein told CHURCHES IN SAN FRANCISCO Kev AVilliam Baler of the Congregation church of Sun Francisco is one of the men who believes in sisals mid portents Some of them may come true and sonic may not He pretends that ho believes he cnn see in the unveiling of a statue n Spanish priest recently erected in the Goldt On e Park a sign of increasing interest in the church and its work and with eyes of faith ho undertakes to paint a picture of what San Francisco would be under church rule While it may be true that masses of people conl1 prizing both labor and capital arc flocking to the Pacific Slope to witness the relmbilmont of that great city yet it is by no means certain that TIm Ratter can turn this to profit for the church by in itituting a raid on the pocket books of the peopc If this be his aim he should petition the legislature or take the initiative himself to char his name of the way of spelling it in order to meet with the sngges ion The promunicatic would remain just the sanu No matter how much motley the church may have or control it will sever be able to lay the sure foundations of society for that is an undertaking of which tl church never has been capable neVer will be capable until its ceases to Ic tub church or amends its organization to conform to modern requirements History has shown too well that weherver tl1e church has been able to control time people untol misery and suffering have been the result and in the rebuilding of San Francisco and its recon strllc ion it would be better off if it would hut drop the church altogether and build a moral tem independent of it by basing that system UpOIi ocular considerations altogether Through the medium ofa plea for the mort construction of society through the church Rci Under incideiuly puts in a specially devised pni ugraph into it for an increase in the salaries of preachers urging that many of them get no mort than 900 per annum and then claims thrif in a financial flurry the church feels the effect first If a parson cannot live on 900 a year or 7 5 per week with the perquisites rake oil etc comes his way he ought to quit the busiucf and go digging Patriotism does not consist of belonging to any church and this plea of this supercillious parson falls to time ground To argue that it does demonstrates a misiinderstaut ing or a misconception of the meaning of patriot ism Never in the entire history of the church it been shown that she has stood for time emanc iwtfon of the masses for every sturdy patriot whu has striven for human liberty on any field has been compelled to stand the fire of the churches its anathemas its curses and condemnation The weakness of his claims is better demonstrated by the complaint he offers regarding th comparative patronage bestowed on the Sunda theaters and the saloons with time patronage give the churches He says t is not necessary that an apologetic should be written of the historic church The main thing he set down here is this that the church life of San Francisco requires atention not alone from the rich contributors of the East but from the men of this city who must see the moral signifi mace of raising time churches from the ashes am restoring their efficiency in the city The saloon are more prosperous than the churches Th theaters are more prosperous than the churches and better patronized on Sunday The pictur galleries on the Great White Way are bette patronized than the churches Under every in stitution of the city That the theaters are more prosperous than thl churches is an evidence that the people prefer representations of the histrionic art to mus ons in some musty church that time saloon are more prosperous than churches is an evident that with some beer is more preferable than tin church is an evidence that the people prefer alt o prayer works instead of worms that never die the course of time when his experience ripen Mr Rather will learn that it is an impossible tf uulcrtake to spiritualize wealth and property uid that after they are solid mold substantia things which care no more for the ups and downs jf the religious impulses of men or the tlnctua lions in parsons salariesor the crying needs of my church organization than they care for the litanin the moon Of course the one notion be lind the suggestion is that both wealth and prop rty can be turned to an account for the church that the church natty own or control both them will come the parsons ideal his great dream Bu this will never he That day has long since posset iwjiy t will never return and Mr Kader is simplj hosing a rainbow According to religious pictures Lucifor man aged to eiJist in his cause the bulk of time able bodied volunteers of the masculine gender wliil the Lord has to content himself wih the favor Mun Amazonian guard It really seems that way Orthodox points to some Celestial City as till iltimatc of human endeavor where nothing of im mr shall be dour through all eternity m harrying or giving in marriage not even a iiioel lurd to trill to its mate The Blade has no desire o reach the realms of bliss I W i Y Iw 1 t n IF YOU WANT TO READ She most Forcible REiPfork on Msierialis f4 1 fp fid 2as l llJr4 1 P M avd1 f tijJ By Prof LUEDWCn B C G BJz- RPEJCE s10o BLUE GRASS GLADE Pub Box 393 Lexington Ky WHY I Can Undersell All Competitors EXPERT FIGURES THE COST Chas A Filer in Chicago Tribune Long investigation among the managers of well kept tores lrings to light the fact that it costs 20 per cent of the gross sales to pay nil the expenses of a store Thus an article bought at wholesale for if sold at r 120 or n Diamond which if sold for are sold nt coat The item untcriiij into the expense account are rent no matter jf the merchant own the build ing interest on the money invested in stock salaries of the prnprie r am clerks light fuel taxes advertising catalogues insurance had accounts Ini incidental to damaged and out of dnto stock etc Therefore to make money the denIer is forced to sell his goods at n profit of 30 to50 per cerit or full All of these expenses I do not now incur I solicit and desire the con timmnce of the patronage of iny old customers and friends only A cosy anti workshop in my residence in this beautiful suburb of Chicago suffices tiara millions worth of stock and the newest to select from I buy the goods ordered direct from manufacturer and biggest jobbers in the city for spot cash get all discounts and generally ship prepaid same day order is received BUY NOW Diamonds and Watches lire sure to advance in the near future I am nn expert of forty years experience and for above reasons can positively save 20 per cent Send for prices of Watches Jewelry Kings Silver and Plated Ware Optical Goods Free Thought ledges Ingersoll Spooiu Ring Guage and my tract sin iii sc crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook Co L4Z litDIJD f FLOF1llP ADD WnH tiT NEW OkLANSEHT ViA SSYra3fFPai ijUEEN a CRESCENT ROUTE W 19071Inwa Three of WINWOOD READES Celebrated WorKs ManI1Tills a Inwrestlnjly the undergonelt rte ent Itrlane and the last chaptegof the riot of the earth the addluganounrrof the a ol rauou Iaulhor CLOTH 9LOO IlThe Outcastliterary merit It that It portruv a oho to Cloth 75c nett postage lOc THE YElL OF ISIS OR THE mgsteries of tile Bruins oi ra3darhtalformation ITtI theAncktttribraudmrsterawceremonteathat and onien rJcJIIh Cloth 100 net posta6e14c euss rub m Ky i t1000 BOOK for X100 Will mall on receipt ot 130 BLUE GRASS BLADE PublishersBox Lexington Kv tIJtr THAT SAFE SIDE ARGUMENT By J 0 Stephenson If you dont know how to meet this l much used and highly valued argument by the Christian send and get my booklet of the above title and get some pointer how it is done Postpaid 10 J 0 STEPHENSON Santa Anna Texas hap tla iJGERSOLL aril su 1 j BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers Lulnttoa r Jut Pabtisbedt Psurt flON f097tk5olr BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers tCtlCtlCiJ H Robert GTlQ9iisiB- y EDWARD CS tH beauUPegenaloglcain aeaaIHfy aid Iwfr ardd ralq W y PRiCe 20 BLUE GRASS BLAOE PublishersK r QIT t J 4t r J iLn JUSTIFY DEATH PENALTYI Italian Sociologist Argues In Favor of Capital Punishment for Crime asIa Public Demand In Arrest ing It By James Speed Freethinkers have urged for- man years or as long as I have betn able to read after them for a mor rational treatment of criminals and by Robert G Ingersoll It is truo that hanging not only fails to do the good It seeks but it brutalizes that hang man and Injures society by the Irri tation If I had the time I would like the opportunity to discuss the following article sent to me by friend but In the hope that I will bo given attention by the readers of the Blade I send It for publication It Is possible that I may take up the sub ject If time will permit at a later study of theories of punishment based on the Italian work on criminology of Baron II Garofalo Is con tributed by A van der Mensbrugghe to the Reveue des Questions Scien tlflques Louvain Belgium October 20 Garofalo takes strong grounds In favor of capital punishment Tho c anthropologic school he tells us hab hitherto had little influence on the practical side of legislation because anthropologists have devoted themselves exclusively to the study of the criminal leaving the notion of trim Itself to the jurists The latter hay o given It a juridical character that is a wholly artificial one since It de pends on the legislators pleasure Now crime declares Garofalo Is a natural phenomenon the notion ol which should be apprehended by all members of society whether they know the law or not We shout therefore have a sociologic definition of crime Crime says Garqfalo is an offense committed against the average n oral sense of civilized hu inanity The element of Immorality necessary in order that an Injurious act should be regarded as criminal by i4public opinion is tho violation of the 4 sentiments of pity or honesty measure exceeding that indispensable for the adaptation of tho individual to society t Garofalo divides man Into two classes normal and abnormal All criminals bo regards as abnormal and none as normalof the chance t criminal ho denies the existent itAll abnormal persons however are rol4f pear Such persons aro honest or dishonest according to circumstances and environment but they are not really good man he says good not by reflection but by s inet Criminal instincts may IeIn the result of heredity but they fun y also appear and disappear indepen dently for the author asserts that strongly marked moral character good or bad never persists in ono family beyond the fifth generation which fact ho says explains the t decay of aristocracies In some cases the apearanco of criminality would seem still to be a mystery The prac tical application of uarofalos idea appears In his theory of the repres i sion of crime Such repression i based on physiologic law he say if since any organism reacts against f5every violation of the laws that goner t Its natural functions If an offense is against tho moral sentiments of the r community the natural reaction con sists in exclusion from that com W munity Thus takes place a kind of social selecton corresponding to bio ik logic selection by the death of the unfit rho elimination may be abso lute death for the greatest crimes and relative for those of lesser degree The death penalty he justifies by the necessary character of society r saying Man Is by nature a social being he forms part of society without any formal contract finding himself hi Xtho midst of it because he can not be elsewhere and because he must stay 1there no matter what he may do j Hence the absence of qualities ease tial to the existence of the aggrega tion changes tile necessity for soci qlto life lntolts opposite tho rupture of all bondr wltn the unasslmllablo individual The Individual being t a cell of 1e social organism when ib1it is injurfouato the organism it must not expect to continue to exist In relationship The necessii rf cutting the social bonds by dcati author goes to say exists lion Jr only when the delinquent exhibr a permanent psychic anomaly iiVt renders forever insusceinlllVf social life The execution of the th penalty is 1A only apparently an example of soct- avengeancethe desire cause thu criminal to suffer what its victim t has sufferedit Is really Muo to so i it t qjw jciotys desire to oxrlu V tho criminal permanently from ti social body This bolng the tat the penalty nhould bo exacted wili us little pain us poeslblc the civilized as opposed to the savage view Nevertheless iho modicum of pain mental and physical that neotssarlly accom pates the Infliction of the death penalty will always cause Intimida lion of tbe surviving criminals and this the author regards asa good thins altho It must be a secondary result and not aimed at directly Another such effect which is also beneficial Is selectionan nmellora- tion of the race by removal of nn desirable elements which appears In succeeding generations This setae flea assists the work of nature The author is opposed to abolition of the death penalty believing that It wpuld bo a step backward not an ad wanes Ho sums up his ideas as lows Punishment should bring about the elimination of the criminal who is unadaptable to social existence The elimination of murderers should be absolute and this can be accomplished only through the death penalty ATHEISTeContinued from First Page acted without Intelligence ucase of accident killed a babe as quick as a rat or In case of a plague struck down the millions and oven while some were praying to said demon We were taught when boys that heaven was just above the clouds and that a certain obscure crucified Tew was likely to appear any day In the clouds surrounded by angels supported by wings In our air and would proceed to Judge the world But when we considered that the revolution of the earth on Its axis changed the direction of heaven 1000 miles every hour and that our air was only 300 miles deep around the earth and would not support an animal on wings over eight miles up or out our boyish faith fatally railed When we learned that spaces are In finite in distances Infinitely cold and Infinitely dark our boyish faith wavered when we were expected to mate excursions among them a winged angels In fact by reason and some de grceof Information we became co Minced that all religions are alike nnd differ only In degree We ob ffiprved they were very much roll u anted by geography and that all over the world they were antagonistic to one another We observed that reo figlons do not Vellg that Is bind back or restrain In this world and as there Is no other world discoverable or comprehensible to us we irrev ocably lost faith lu and respect for all religions- Wo also looped about this world and found that taking all the people tho world the great majority of them occupy more than one half their time practicing useless religions that many people are made Insane byft and that fully half the sub stance of the world is consumed In practicing religions of which great waste of energy we have to spend our proportionate share Indirectly and against our will Wo soon regretted that any sort of religion exists ISand were convinced that what little civilization exists In the world has Isdeveloped not because of religion but in suite of religion SPOKE FOR THE LIVING- n tlo of our friend should bo for tho living We certain ly should not say anything that will matte any one weep as is generally done For the dead nothing can b done that he will know or understand Eternitys long sleep and rest has begun for him as It will soon begin for each of us Ho and I have often said together How awful It wool be to think of living for ever Cap taro Murphy and I always feared wo would do wrong toward somebody Wo both always felt that he who wronged us did more greatly wrong himself We have both many times had penitentiary crimes committed against us but we felt sorry for those who committed them And I speak from experlenc when I say hatI think infidels ought Intermarry to live happily to gather and to raise children It one could live Ina community or nonre- t Hglonlsts it would be the happiest gentlest most intellectual life In the world = tho most honest and Just 1And If you marry an Infidel girl or roman she will be true and faithful girlhispriests or preachers What I do and say here today 1wlI make me and my dead friend here unpopular A great many parsons will think us undesirable cltl zp He would be sorry It ho could hooplawhoill ot us and I want to bear my a ITt share of tho odium I believe and hope that you now havo a more Just view of the character of taptaln Lucien Murphy My sweet little wife his daughter asked mo today to not only remain her husband but assume teajrsInale I am not worthy Our dear noble friend and benefactor we all forever resign your mortal part back to dust and we will try to live your Immortal part The pallbearers were Al Loewen stein William Burnes John Fuldner and Charles Lambert all members of Policemans Union No 6697 of tho American Federation of Labor They wore full uniforms and badges and the floral tribute they had sent was a private policemans star in flowers KERR APPROVES THE FUN Believes the Plan Is a Good One and That Writers Should be Compen sated for Their Time and Preparation ARTICLE IN FUND By W H Kerr You suggestion concerning the raising of a fund to hire competent writers to contribute to tho columns of tho Blade regularly Is certainly a good one Competent writers should certainly have reasonable pay for the time and expense of preparing them selves for the task But the first question to be settled Is can you and the contributors agree on the nature of tho teaching to be done by the hired contributors No one will contribute a penny to a fund to hire writers to teach theories or truths ie does not believe In and does not want to learn or have taught to others You may not be willing to confine the Blade to special lines of teaching that would be required by the contributors to the fund The contributors would not agree among themselves as to the kind of teaching the fund was to be applied on They would not agree to hire halt- the Blade filled with a certain line of teaching and the other half filled with a contradictory teaching Each contributor would have to state the kind of teaching he wishes l apllcd on Then you would have to classify them and accept the donations of one class to the exclusion of all other classes Or else you must state definitely the nature of the teaching you wish to hire done and call fob contributors for it alone To hire Freethinkers to write on any and all subjects would not be satisfactory be cause all people are actually tree thinkers You can see how they dis agree on all subjects To make the Blade through hired contributors to justify me in donating say a year to a fund for their compensation might not suit or of c- onltrlbutorsnot want It to boa Freethought paper at all In which the crude undl gested ideas of the illiterate Tom Dick and Harrys on all subjects are to be dumped I very much prefer to get my variety of teaching not In one paper but In a variety of papers Hence the Blade could be made valuable to mo as an educator on specific subjects only As a newspaper I have no use for It since I prefer the great dallies that make a specialty of news gathering As a political paper I have no use isfor It since I prefer a recognized rep resentatlve publication of each of the political parties wherein I can get their Ideas and theories direct from headquarters As an agnostic paper- d I would not want It since I am not Interested in what people dont know I prefer papers telling what people do know or at least think they know As an expounder of Deism or Spirit uallsm I would not want it since I pre fer representative publications of those ideas But the Blade could be made so yal uable to me as an educator and society builder that I would give at least 60 a year to a fund to hire competent contributors to make it such I would want it to confine its teaching exclusively to the truth about God and life with the direct object of freeing people from Idolatry and superstition and making them immune to It and organizing such people Into- a society wherein they can aid In free Ing others and keeping their posterity Immune to the false teaching by giving It the true I would require that all contributors teach the truths that all gods devils and holy ghosts are fabulous beings heaven and hell myths and death tho end of conscious life forover Variety would be found In the many lines of evidence and proofs of these truths tt4 jr land the dlcrcnt methods tho various teachers would have In proving the same truths I would require the Blade to collect its readers as fast nY they would convinced of these truths Into a society that I may know the results of such teaching in definite numbers so I could determine the good my contri bution wasdoing and whether I would be justified In giving a largo one The good these hired contributors were doing would be measured by the numbers added to this society by their teaching Their pay In turn would be Increased as the numbers were freeing from Idolatry Increased This would stimulate them to giving better and better slrvlce Eventually some of them would develop Into held workers as society builders where they could command still greater pay My experience as a society builder from material free from Idolater and superstition discloses the fact that but a few dozen people In the United States know the truths that there arc no such things as gods and no such a FreeDthought publications are practically freeing nobody from Idolatry and superstition They have made a few score fossils who are practically dead now hate the church and the clergy but they are as full of bellef In the existence ofgods and a future life as ever and will have n clergyman officiate at their funeral whep they finally stop breathing I do not wish the people taught to hate the Christians and the clergy and will not pay a penny for such teaching but I do want them taught the truth about God and life and then gathered Into societies to pnablo them to help In the perpetuation of that teaching to the end that our race will In time be freed from Idolatry of gods and the superstition of continuous life For this object and this alone I am willing to contribute freely to your proposed fund You are at liberty to publish this letter give your views on It and ask for those of your readers and con tributors to hte proposed fund I am thoroughly convinced that those who wish these truths taught should pay for It and that competent teachers should be secured and paid a fair wage for their services both as writers and lecturers This is the only plan whereby competent teachers can be developed and their services secured In the promulgation of the truth of these subjects If you and a sufficient number of your readers approve my plan as herein outlined to justify its adoption you may put me down for 50 for the proposed fund for 1908 and It results Justify It I would double the donation the next year See how large a teachers fund those who approve If my plan wit lralse for you Yours truly W H KERR Temporary International Organizer of the Church of Humanity ABOUT THE BOOK OF JOB THE BOOK OF JOB Loveliness of God Is the Dominating Idea of Old Testament and Satan a Consplclous Figure JOB AN OPEN AIR DRAMA OF THE GREEK STYLE By A E Fletcher Since the publication of the revised version of the Scriptures which cleared up many confusions In the Book of Job popular interest in that monument of ancient literature has greatly increased It is not surprls Ing therefore that it should have been Issued separately from the rest of the Bible Mr Wellwood Is to be congratulated upon the getup of the book The Introduction by Mr Chesterton Is thoughtful and sugges five though I cannot understand what he means when he says that this loneliness of God is the dominating Idea of the Old Testament That Is a curious statement to make in a commentary on the Book of Job of which one of the dramatic situations Is a council In Heaven attended by the sons of God of whom Satan Is one Mltons conception of Satan as the enemy of God Is very different from the conception of him by the author of the Book of Job In the Book of Job Satan Is not the enemy either of God or of man Ho is Uods filial deputy on earth and when questioned by hls father at the heavenly council as to Job who is accounted a typo of human perfec tion Satan without malice suggested- the famous test The author of this wonderful drama clearly saw that if God Is omnipotent Ho Is the author of evil as well as of good and tho chief interest of the play turns upon to question why Ho should send evil as well as good The Book of Job Is ti tv IJ u f1r IH tJ high philosophy dramatised It leaves the mystery of human suffer ing unsolved but it makes the good triumphant over evil In tho end The drama Is worked out with marvellous skill the author taking care to re love the action by lyrical soliloquies lyrics that have stirred the worlds heart for ages past and will stir It for ages to come What more pathetic that that beginning Maul that Is born of woman Is of few days and full of trouble He cometh forth like a flower and Is cut down He fleeth also as a shadow and con tinueth not or than this Let te day perish wherein I was born And the night which said There is a man child conceived The best criticism of the Book of Job that I know of Is contained in Professor Moultons Literary Study of the Bible I agree with him that the whole world of literature hardly contains a more remarkable piece of dramatic movement than the changes of position taken up by Job in the course of his dialogues with his friends It is on openair drama as the Greek dramas were The stage directions of modern plays are not found In Job which appeals solely to the imagination and evidently was not written to be acted Yet as Professor Moulton points out no stage machinery could possibly real ise tho changes of sky and atmos phere which In Job make a dramatic background for the Approach of Deity No element of dramatic effect is wanting in Job CLIFFORD GREVES A CALF WORSHIPPER The Criticism made Anent His Article Recently Published in the Blade With a Forcible Opinion Ex pressed by One Who Dis agrees with the Senti ments of That Writer By Robert Gun then Having trouble with one eye I feel little inclined to strain the other but I have Just read an article in the Blue Grass made which Is too untruthful and ridiculous to go unnoticed I am so much more surprised that such an Inhuman article should be taken from Humanity It is is just such articles as that that keep Joor peoples nosas to tho grindstone I have always con tended that people of tho United States are calf worshippers and this article proves the truth of my conten tion Both Roosevelt and Bryan are ordinary men Neither Is above the mediocre except their unbounded am bition Bryan may be sincere Rooso evlt is not Both are leaders of the unthinking rabble but can not lead a man of sense Both will bo men tioned In history to fill up the measure not to swim on tho surface Neither the one nor tho other possess the virtues they are accredited with Rooseevlts ambition has enabled him to obtain positions for which he was unfitted by ability The only position he was fit for was to be colonel of the rough riders He Is certainly first of the cow boys But had he not under stood to toot own horn wo would never have known that he was In tho Spanish war He Is a shrewd poli tician and to those he offends to day he throws a sop tomorrow and It works a charm with an unthinking public eH Is Itching for a reelection But Instead of openly telling people so he sends out his agents to worki Ipeoplesolicited He knows how to catch the small fry better than Bryan does and that Is why ho keeps ahead of him neither of them have the big fish with them Bryan has queered the Demo ratlc party three times and he will do It again the next year Democrats will never win an election as longad they keep that blatherskite In the party but they will never bo able to get rid of him unless they throw him out In finances he Is a hundred years behind the times and In governmental affairs he is like a ship in midocean without a rudder He has licked the blarney stone and is a good orator and like De Witless Talmage he can exert an influence his oratory over men who are intelligently his superiors in every way It is the dross what caught Mr Greves eyes it was not the metal He will have to dive deeper to come to the practical and useful Editors of liberal papers ought io throw out the net and catch fish them selves Instead of being caught as Mr Grove certainly was If we want toV f make a mark In tho world we must become leaders and catch tho fol lowers Instead of following ourselves THE TEL OMECIIANICS Of NATURE te The above entitled work inS parts and 115 chapters treats of the sourcesty nature and functions of the subconscious min s or cellsouls ns Prof Haeckel terms them which are beginning to be recognized by Biologists Psy eholo its and Ihyaioldgiot a the consciously and intelligently operating factors in the evolution of plant and animal life and to the study of which I have devoted a lifetime condensing my views and observations in the above volume It is devoid of all metaphysical speculation and from the mass of demonstrated facts the reader will draw hn own conclusions regarding the tenability of the God and Immortality doctrines Mrs Josephine K Henry of Versailles Ky President of The Free thought Federation Of America writes as follows Received the Synopsis of your book The TeleoMechanics of Nature and read it with great profit and pleasure It has opened up great fields of thought to me I will Keep your pamphlet near me perhaps it will bring more light as I rend and ponder A world groping in darkness nods you You are certainly a student scientist and philosopher and have scored several points against IIneckel that it seems to me cannot be controverted I truly hope thatIyour book will have a wide circulation in all lands and will be translated many 1anguagesIProf Ernest Haeckel writes My dear Mr Wettstein Your treatise in the form of it Synopsis of your book The TeleoMechanics Of Nature being a commendable critique of my WorldRiddles has been received and read with great interest While wo differ on a few questions notably the one relating to the consciousness unconsciousness of the mind in Nature I sincerely hope that your masterly efforts will contribute much towards dispelling the obscurity and confusion vailing in these momentous problems of Science and Philosophy With highest esteem Yours etc A copy of the Synopsis above mentioneda large page pamphlet A10crv HERMANN WETTSTEIN 412414 Main Street Fitzgerald Georgia j n Dktes Htf lorytflht i Epin A Vindication Ntwr tifort ntlislieJ d tilt Coenryof fCltapltn or Nola Press anrc Kholars hI eteTed0rffalwrtttnessepsetefromT tiubllthmtntpnptu item wr Prtiiuu Ihl5th std ciswtriol its anllmnllttonhalehisWhiuAa dt Urd rII1 II inrr nnrrl hit stew hr thOrlri dOrrnen thepail Ihttof llouitndKla tslesp itottafli nit a i tti labIsa tttO W 1200 O U f BitQQ IT t- 9 1J