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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, January 26, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908012601 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, January 26, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. t r 7 Jiir1Ty q i SBLADEIIDEVOTED TO THE PR OPAGANDmOF FREEDOM OF THOUGPIT t V 7 a 2iBLUEGRASS BLADE sy Religious and Political Opinions Expressed By the Immortal Thomas Paine Ir Yr Pairies Age of Reason was the Bete Noir of the Clergy and the open Sesame of UniversalMental Liberty PAINES RELIGION hopeforI believe in the equality of man and I believe that religious duties consist in doing justice lov ing mercy and endeavoring to make our fellow creatures happy But some perhaps will sayAre we to have no word of Godno revelation f I answer Yes there is a word of God there is a revelation The word of God is the Creation we behold and it is in this word which no human invention can counterfeit or alter that God speaketh univer sally to man It preaches to all nations and to all worlds and this word of God reveals to man all that is necessary for man to know of God AGE OF REASON PAINES POLITICS Society in every state is a blessing but govern ment even in its best state is but a necessary evil in its worst state an intolerable one for when we suffer or arc exposed to the same miseries by a government which we might expect in a country without government our calamity is heightened by reflecting that we furnish the means by which we suffer Security being the true design and an end of government it unanswerably follows that whatever form thereof appears most likely to ensure it benefitis II Paines Common Sense enabled the Colonists to Wrest AmericanLiberty From the Reluctant Hands of Tyrants d r BORN JANUARY 29 1737 DIED JUNE 8 1809 I l j 0 Jy iP 4 a 4t jioi Jt t 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE isIt H K x x 3It By Amory Stevens 1737Tlishcd Common Sense which won the friend ship of Washington Jefferson Franklin fayette and good citizens generally Congress appointed him Secretary of Foreign Affairs In 1787 ho visited France where he took an active RighttIConvention of France having been invited to represent no less than supiported the Republican Girondists At the trial of Louis XVI Thomas Paine generously proposed what would have done honor to France lied it been accepted the offering to the King of an asylum in America That proposition however gave offence and In 1703 Robespierre caused him to be ejected from the convention and thrown into prison professedly because he was a foreigner During his imprisonment ho wrote most of the Ago of Reason a rational argument against Church superstition but strongly supporting Deism After fourteen months of imprisonment he was released through tIle intercession of the American Government and reinstated to his seat in the convention In he returned to the United States where New York in 1809 he closed his useful life Such is a brief record of the life of Thomas Paine lie stands on the page of history as the one individual who more than any other has helped to free the world from superstition and mental slavery He will aho be recollected as among the foremost who opposed the counterfeit divinity of kings and who inspired and started the first great republics of the earth In our nation his efforts were specially helpful and opportune Among the important reforms and estab lished principles of better government that now mark its merit and pride are those that Thomas Paine was prominently among the first to introduce and advocate Among such arc the abolition ofslavery free and general education the abolition of primogeniture the right of women to their wages to own their clothes and hold property in their own name also the abolition of dueling He was a strong advocate of international arbitrationhumanely and wisely peeking to lessen the horrors of war and waste of treasure During the American Revolution when freedom and advancing civilization were hanging in the balance at its very darkest hour his was the strongest individual pen that encouraged and by the light of reason led to success Paines published pamphlet of Common Sense was tIle first and strongest plea to unite and lead the American people to Independence They sought originally only to defend and procure their rights as Colonists against Royal oppression Even Washington had previously declared strongly against the idea of American Independence- In 1775 Paine wrote and published in one of his articles thus I hesitate not for a moment to believe that the Almighty will finally separate America from Britain Call it independence or what you will if it is the cause of God and Humanity it will go on So strong was themerit and influence of that article that Washington in January 1770 wrote towit A few more of such flaming reasoning contained in the pamphlet Common Sense will not leave numbers t nfr a loss to decide upon the propriety of separation In April of till same year Washington again wrote by private letters which I have t lately received from Virginia I find Common Sense is working a won derful change there in the minds of many men But three months later American Independence was declared In the same year and but a few months subsequently Paine a soldier In the ranks at Fort ti iil i f1 lt1r 1ai Lee and after the retreat of the Continental Army across New Jersey wrote his first article known as the Crisis with the introductory These are the times which try mens souls The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will in this crisis shrink from the service of his country but he that stands by it now deserves the love and thanks of man and woman At that despondent time generally circulated as that article was and also by the command of Washington read to the American soldiers before they crossed the Delaware and attacked the Hessians who can measure what inspir ing influence that noble plea of Thomas Paine ban on American destiny and all the other Republics and growing civilization of the world that have been educated by American success Not only was Paines pen from the start to the finish in the active service of that great cause but his limited purse was also open to it When after many discouraging reverses Washington was obliged to inform the Pennsylvania Assembly that he was destitute ofsupplies and that his troops threatened mutiny Thomas Paine clerk of the Assembly called Philadelphians together suggested the Relief Subscription and from his scanty means started it with five hundred dollars The appreciation of Paines service in the strug gling cause of American freedom was well expressed by our first Attorney General Edmund Randolph He declared that American independence was due first to the misrule of George III and second to the rational and inspiring words of Thomas Paine When in our gratitude we recollect the brave sword of Washington let us never forget the mighty pen of Thomas Paine Thomas Paine being so far ahead of tho general intelligence of his day suffered from the ignorance and superstition of that age As time rolls on and civilization advances his memory is more and more revered by intelligently reflecting minds That growing change is shown by the fact that so many and increasing numbers are anxious to commemorate the natal day of him who described ns his life object and made it his life work The world is my country to do good is my religion That humanity philosophy and religion in the judgment of the intelligence of our day marks the highest plane of civilized man The Ignorant and the scheming always have been and will be with us The name of Thomas Paine as others who have actively aided civilization is even still the enduring traget of the petty marksmen Who but n scheming and egotistical politician and he a church idolater would stoop so low to gather church votes or believe that he could enlarge his reputation by falsely and even absurdly in our day defaming so honored a hero in the cause of humanity and so intellectual a giant among men Teddy Roosevelt nn exceptional half civilized Twentieth century product won that unenviable dis tinction when he described in print Thomas Paine as a filthy little Atheist Those who realize how ungrateful untruthful and cowardly that uncorrected defamation seeking to belittle so noble a character dead and yet so strongly living are not surprised to note that the personal veracity of that author is occasionally in his life affairs challenged Roosevelt might have with as much truth declared that Washington Lincoln Jefferson Franklin Emerson or Whittier and others of the best representatives of civilization pastand present were but filthy little Atheists What a refreshing and manly contrast to that slander is the declaration of Roosevelts superior and senior Andrew Jackson who in his day said Thomas Paine needs no monument made by hands ho has erected a monument in the hearts of all lovers of liberty It is a sad case of politics and church when either statecraft or priestcraft seek to change honest tmth in history But the schemers of both church and State have ever sought close alliance p iti jt V l fn tsf i 1 t f 4t BLUE GRASS BLADE + XX X XX X XX X X OOM o 0 ot The Crusade for an Indigo Sunday l jAyyTTTyyTyTTyTTTTTTTTTT rloonsandto be Opened Only on Sunday By Josephine K Henry- s Tho spasmodic crusades of the clerics in this day are faint echoes of the Christian crusades of old when the whole Christian world was instructed to abandon all else in life to Join in the effort to capture the tomb of Christ If this indigo Sunday move ment is no more successful than the crusades to capture the Saviors tomb there is much breath effort and vitality being wast ed Millions gave their treasure and their lives to the early Christian crusades and crusading has always been a favorite occu pation of the clergy We have crusades of all types Crusades against gambling crusades against saloons crusades against bad women known as the demimonde crusades against racing and crusades to force an indigo Sunday on the American people The Christians seem to ignore the fact that this is a nation of Americans and not Puritans Today at Jerusalem the so called manager of the Christians Savior is guarded day and night by Moslem soldiers and it Is not at all Improbable that the sol diers of American liberty will yet gaurd the cradle of the Goddess of Liberty and see to it that all Americans shall pass their Sundays In any way they wishprovided the rights of others are not infringed on Tho clergy have no more right to say there shall be an open church than the saloonkeeper has to demand a closed church and an open saloon on that day It has occurred to me that the closing of the saloon six days in the week and if we must have the saloon open it on Sunday would be a good experiment This Is the method of the church closed six days in tho week and open on Sunday A saloon opened on Sunday only would certainly benefit tho health morals and pockets of the American people Wo should remember too that the church pays not a dollar of taxes for Its protection and privileges while the saloonkeeper is tho most heavily taxed man under the American flag I am not defending tho saloonkeepers business but I am defending tho rights of tho saloon keeper who pays a high price for protec tion of these rights given him in his license Issued to him by tho civil authority while the church is a mendicant and pays not one penny to support the government yet pre sumes to dictate to tho American people what they shall do with oneseventh of their is the province of the government to enact laws for tho protection of the rights J nnnnnrvof all the people and we would have much more peace and justice if the clergy would stick to their sermons and psalm singing and not intrude themselves into civil affairs as they do on all subjects and occasions Every one knows that the Christian Sunday which the clergy want to keep holy what ever that means Is not the Holy Sabbath of the Bible and great stress Is laid on the claim that the Bible is the Christians guide book But the Christian world keep tho Bible command to Remember the Sab bath day to keep It holy as strictly as the Bible commands regarding murder stealing usury fornication and a few other such diversions as hold carnival throughout Christendom Solomon said there is noth ing new under tho sun Perhaps not but Solomon tho festive lived a long time ago and he never dreamed of Edison Marconi Co but a holy Sabbath would be some thing new under the sun The command says thou shalt do no manner of work thou nor thy son nor thy daughter thy man servant thy maid servant thy cattle nor tho stranger that is within thy gates This command does not say a word about the wife and mother resting from her labors on the Sabbath The Bible command about keeping the Sabbath was never kept by any people in any time and oven the reputed giver of the law did not keep the Sabbath holy There never was a rest taken for a day or a minute by the laws of nature since Adam or even his remote ancestors opined the world to the public The laws of nature can be found at the old stand doing business on Sunday as on every other day of the week Tho sun moon and stars shine the rain falls tho rivers run tho wind blows tho waves of ocean roll the tides ebb and flow the grass grows the trees blossom and bear fruit tho flowers bloom tho heart beats the blood circulates food is digested the mind thinks the planets roll in space comets fly off at a tangent earthquakes and volcanoes do some of their finest execution and preachers advise the Almighty and do their most thrilling oratorical stunts on the holy Sabbath day All these things go on every Sunday always have and always will Now all these things I call work Tho com mand says thou shalt do no manner of work The ministerial associations should see to these things that they are put a stop to on the holy Sabbath day There are many kinds of work that must bo done to enable tho clergy tohold church services on tho holy Sabbath Tho sexton must attend to the heating and lighting plants blow tho organ that songs of praise may be sung horses and iit J r 1w11wIwlwliii i11 1 coachman must look and do their best asIthey convey the worshippers to the temples that are built by busy hands And think of the cooks that never get a fourth of July Christmas or holy Sabbath day off to attend to tho salvation of their immortal souls but then tho souls of cooks and other menials are not worth saving It Is the monied saints and big wigs whose souls are tho chief concern of the clergy What preacher would preach his Sunday sermon and advise god what ho should do for tho saints and sinners if there were not a good dinner awaiting him at the end of the benediction Cooks deserve canonization much more than clerics as they have been of much more service to the human race Tho fine Sunday dinner Is a general custom in Christian homes and tho cook is required to be on duty on the holy Sabbath day yet the command says thou shalt do no manner of work on this day A large class of the American people live in the navyblue abysses of life struggling and tolling to sus tain life and it is downright tyranny to deny these toilers or other classes recrea tions or amusements on the only day they can indulge in them If they desire to at tend church they are at perfect liberty to do so The rights of Christians are more rig idly guarded and protected than those of other classes and tho church pays not one penny in taxes for this protection yet the church wrings its support from tho people by every device human ingenuity can devise There are 80000000 of people in the United States and tho church claim but 30000000 of members That is a big estimate but well let It go at that Did any one ever hear of the fifty million nonChristians presuming to try and make tho Christians close their churches on Sunday and force them to the parks and secular entertain ments and diversions Tho Christian can go to mass or confession at daylight thank god in his church that ho is not as other men be dipped to wash away sin take on a violent case of conversion beat a tam bourine to rally the sinners speak with the gift of tongues or do tho holy stunts of the Holy Rollers to his hearts content on Sun day and nob an objection is raised by the fifty million peoplo in tho United Status outside tho pale of tho church yet if thoJnonChristian indulge in secular and diversions tho preachers invoke tho l power of tho civil law to force the observ ance of tho Christian Sunday according to tho Christian idea The prophet Jonah was a preacher who was more affected by the death of the vine thatBhaded hlB hovel than by the threat c i t BLUE GRASS BLADE tined destruction of Ninevah that great city The clergy today seem to be more Interested in the observance of their sub stituted Sabbath than In the mental moral and physical wellbeing of mankind or in respecting the principles of the U S Gov ernment The American Sunday is a day for religion rest or recreation as each in dividual may elect There have been sev eral navyblue Sundays In New York recent ly and what farces they have been Orato rios with high priced prima donnas were sung in the churches while the police raid ed the places where operas wore being sung The Jews were arrested for dancing at Sun day weddings All this is religious tyranny gone to seed Anything that Is right to do on all other days of the week is right to do on Sunday The preachers are making a great deal of noise on this Sunday ob servance question but the Father Son and Holy Ghost are dead quiet on it If the clergy succeeded in establishing a Puritan Sunday in tho United Staes American liber ty will be dead The dead weight of estab lished prejudice and religious tyranny is be ing used for all it is worth A man that is is bound to be as just and reasonable as he can The only safe and sane law or rule on this Sunday question Is contained in the following axiom He is within his rights who does not invade or endanger the right of another If the American government would employ some of the vast sums of the peoples money it is expending on battle ships in furnishing educative moral and healthful Sunday recreations and amuse ments to the American people the mental and moral tone of our nation would be raised and American principles made more secure BLESSED BE THE IMMORTAL NAME OF THOMAS PAINE By J H Schwartz The broad fraternal spirit of Paine the patriot soldier and authorhero cannot be confined within prescribed limits restricted by boundary lines nor measured by horo loguo of time That same spirit of human freedom that touched and electrified the souls of mankind of both continents then will thrill them now and forever Ho had no chosen people knew no na tivity accepted no creeu Every man was his brother the world his country to do good his religion While believing In one God and no more he neither worshipped nor desecrated his name He believed that the infinite could be neither exalted nor defamed by finite man He worshipped at the shrine of the Goddess of Liberty and knelt humbly at the feet of her who Inspired his every word and until thrones toppled tryannies trembled and religion quaked r + t1 t Nature was his only bible and by her he convincingly proved all others but im have been changed and gov ernments revolutionized by the force of his Incontrovertible arguments Liberty was his theme and reason his guide and as long as human institutions endure will the name of Paine be a synonym for freedom Preachers and priests may scowl and sneer and the ignorant rant but nevertheless that spirit of religious and po litical liberty flowed copiously from his manly breast and struck a responsive chord In the heart of every being endowed with human hopes and human aspirations down to the present day HOUSE OF PAINE The following article was first produced in the columns of the New York Times un der a Rochelle date line and reprinted in the London Freethinker from which it has been taken by the Blade While American Freethinkers knew In a general way that a sale of the Paine home was being contem plated for purposes of improvement an ef fort had been made to preserve It and if this can be done no time should be lost Tho article reads The old house in North street New Ro chelle formerly the home of Thomas Paine author of the Age of Reason has just been sold for 100 and it is reported that the purchaser will dismantle it and use it for firewood The owner of the house Charles W See has just completed a new residence and as there Is not room for two buildings on his land the Paine house which has been ono of the landmarks of New Rochelle for nearly 200 years will have to go According to the records In New Rochelle the house was built about 1720 by Huguenot refugees who fled from La Rochelle in France following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes and settled In upper New Ro chelle At the time of the Revolution the houso was occupied by Frederick Deveaug a Tory At the close of that struggle It was confiscated by the American Congress and together with 365 acres of land given to Paine for his services Paine lived in the house at various times until his death In Now York about 1809 The house was then sold to the Paine Association which held It for several years and then sold it to Will iam Hayes who In turn sold It to Wesley See father of the present occupant who has sold It to a contractor Tho See family found Paines old brass andirons and Franklin stoves in a closetln the room which ho formerly occupied as a study and gave them with other relics to a plumber who has for several years had them on exhibition in his shop Imbedded in the walls of the old house are two bul Lf oiA rUr M Jt 5 lets which were fired a e while he sat by his window writing hiemorles of the French Revolution The house has been remodelled until hardly a vestige of the original remains The farm with the ex ception of an acre or two reserved by air See has been sold to a realty company which is now engaged in cutting it up into building plots THE BUCKEYE SECULAR UNION Prepares Special Program for Celebration of the Paine Anniversary Foremost among the organized societiesthat honor the name and memory of Paine In America stands the Buckeye Secular Union a busy hustling association of Free thought men and women who never flinch from the demands of duty Year after year Paine anniversaries are held under Its name and auspices Not to be outdone or undone the Union arranged for a splendid gathering at Dennison Ohio where a splendid pro gram is to be given Tho chairman of the committee In charge George O Roberts has promised to send In a report of the meeting and this report will be published in the Blade Following is the program as an nouncedfThe Program E M 137 E M 308 TOM PAINE- MEMORIAL BANQUET CLUB NO1 BUCKEYE SECULAR UNION Will Celebrate the 171st Anniversary of Tom Palnes Birth In Johns Restaurant Dennison 0 Sunday February 2 at 12 oclock Noon PROGRAM Tom Paine the Patriot the Author the Scholar Jesse P White 2 Tom Paines Exposition of the Prophecies A C Narragon 3 Nebular Hypothesis Ben Baldwin Esq Geology W S English Esq 5 Biology Gus A Parr PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED Iron Trail Minneapolis Minn Freethinker London England The Wide Way New York City z iEasternHumanitarian Review Los Angeles Cal The Sunflower Hamburg N Y Holcombe Journal Holcombe Wis 11 The Demonstrator Lakebay Wash National RipSaw St Louis Mo The Clarion London England tA B C of Religion by Joseph Haigh Truthseeker Now York City iirW ti 17 i i C 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE jOoCurrent Comment on Public Events OfLiOOOOOdOOO r THE PASSING OF ELLA One of the greatest mistakes any writer of ability could possibly make Is after acquiring journalistic recognition to enter into a syndicate contract and agree for a stipulated sum of money to grind out so many columns per week The inevitable result is a compilation of literary trash that must find an eternal abiding place in the intellectual rubbish heap This fate has befallen all who flitted across the lit erary firmament like a comet but when a person writes for the love of the cause represented or a devotion to the principle sought to be inculcated the result is vastly thoughts were stirred by a recent production from the pen ol Ella Wheeler Wilcox who still allows her picture to adorn most of her writings and like many of her colaborers she has entered upon that literary decline which comes as are sult of syndicate contracting Of course a writer must live and we admit that in these days of trust manipulation and trust prices living is a costly experiment but in the interest of literary excellence syndicate contracts should be avoided No writer should feel himself or herself compelled to write whether they feel like it or do not feel like it The mind must be at work before the pen can execute those strokes of magic eloquence that set mens brains on fire It the heart is not in It and a mere vision of gold confronts the author the productions In time sink below the mediocre variety This is the actual condition in which the author of Poems of Passion begins to find herself Her latest syndicate effort entitled The Beautiful City Beyond may be aptly termed a mere fill er and written to abide by the conditions of the contract rather than for the sake of literary usefulness On the other hand Ella must necessarily seek to produce that which her employers desire to publish in stead of writing that which the people ought to read and reading learn at wisdoms perennial spring If Ella keeps up her pres ent course she will be able to produce some antiquated sermon upon the theory of Swedenborg as an original production AN UNFAILING CROP According to recent statistics the baby crop of gay and giddy Gotham shows no signs of failure True Indeed there are several well appointed residential blocks in New York where the infantile cry of a new born babe is seldom or ever heard and the birth rate showing a decided increase over diril li d r the mortality figures it is evident that this race mutlpllcatlon comes from the poorer classes they who are the least able to properly clothe feed and educate them But whats the odds What matters Itf Every offspring from parents who toil means more blood money for the sterling patriots who have monopolized industry and commerce by specious legislation to their everlasting profit With fortysix thousand more births than deaths in New York dur ing a single year furnishes abundant evi dence that race suicide does not exist in that locality These figures are independent of immigration so that between ono census and another it would look as if tho metrop olis would naturally Increase to the extent of about half a million The West may fall in corn production the South may lose much of her cotton through the boll weevil and old Kentucky may get in hot water because of her whisky and tobacco but New Yorks baby crop seems to keep up in season and out of season in fact tak ing every season for itb own IN GOD WE TRUST Clerical blatherskites are still emitting their growls at the new gold coin becauso the Philadelphia mint keeps right on mak ing them without that lying inscription In god we trust upon their outer edge Now then who trusts in god f Not the dollar Not the people Not the clergy Who does So far as we have been able to discover there are none no not one Who trusts In the dollar Everybody Then why not change the inscription if an inscription be needed to make it read in thee we trust and there would be more figurative truth than real poetry in the suggestion From the Washington clergy who appear to bo leading a movement for Congressional ac tion to restore the inscription to the coins comes the claim that its abolition is a seri ous menace to public piety and by reason of the fact that the newand alleged godless coin Is gaining a large circulation the pub lie will grow less attentive to religious mat ters It may be true that there is a silent appeal hidden in tho abolished inscription which might have reached some people be lieving who did not attend church and still work for popular piety Unwittingly per haps the Washington clergy have given the snap away It is not so much the removal of the inscription from the coin they de plore but the suggestion or implied sug gestion that one of their main reliances for inculcating piety in the minds of the public has been abolished by Presidential edict Public piety is a good thing for the parsons Public piety means greater at tendance on church service and a replen ished contribution box When the people are exceedingly pious they cheerfully lend to tho Lord because of the expected divi dend in the hereafter This lending to the Lord is usually money in the parsons pocket and we htfVe yet to hear of the first preacher who refused to accept a now ten dollar gold piece because it did not have the inscription upon it As the now order so far only relates to ten dollar gold pieces there is not much fear of too general a circulation for there will be thousands of the American people into whose hands one of the gold coins will never fall The sum and substance of the entire argument Is given in the closing words of a recent dis patch which reads With the legend ab sent it is argued money will be regarded as a pure business proposition and gifts even of tainted money to the church and its institutions gradually will become few er The words above quoted constitute a good and sufficient answer to the entire argument At least thinking people can easily read between the lines A WALKING BIBLE Some men love to do foolish things Some strive to imitate their example When the foolkiller is wanted and wanted in a hurry he is usually in hiding slipped his trolley pole or has given up the Job in disgust unable to keep the crop down to a normal condition History records that a strong swimmer anxious to acquire fame attempted to swim Niagaras rapids and went to destruction He wanted fame got it but did not live to enjoy it Devious methods have suggested themselves to dif ferent men at different times but as a rule the game has not been worth the candle Word comes from Noblesvllle Ind that one Ernest Addison a preacher has com mitted to memory and can recito tho entire New Testament Reference is made to and concerning him as a prodigy and he is given the soubriquet of Tho Walking Bible To memorize the Now Testament Is no light undertaking truly but the question is what shall he profit thereby what will tho world gain by his effort f Doubtless he could not quote the first three lines of the Declaration of Independence or of tho National Con stitution and yet becauso he has been able to memorize a book of so little importance tho fact has been held of sufficient moment to burden the news wires with an account of it Had the labor expended been spent in some useful effort humanity might have gained thereby Had tho hours wasted been utilized in useful employment the worlds wealth or Its stock of knowledge might have been increased As matters now stand ho has done himself no good and helped nobody He might imagine that It will be pleasing to the Lord to hear a reel ijghf fC r r 4 7 BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 tatlon should he ever reach the throne of grace but we opine that the foolkiller missed a splendid opportunity when he al lowed Rev Addison to get past him IS LABOR A CURSE In the old days labor was deemed to be a curse In these days it is recognized as a blessing and a still greater blessing to be accorded the right to labor with the ability to perform it Some time ago Congress named a special committee to codify the Federal laws and judging from a report from that committee recently submitted upon a codification of the criminal branch of the Federal laws it is desired that the words hard labor shall be elimi nated from the judicial sentence Imposed upon and against persons convicted of fel ony and given as a punishment a term in some penitentiary Serious doubts may be entertained if any convict would wish to be doomed to idle ness for a given number of years for it is well understood that labor induces health while idleness militates against it To be confined within prison walls without labor of some sort would be a living death As a rule convicts are assigned to such duties for which they are best adapted To a groat extent the labor of convicts in all prisons is determined by a rule or regulation To omit the words objected to from the judicial sentence could not and ought not to deprive the convict of being required to labor It seems to us that it is a mere mawkish sentiment which attempts to clean the outside of the cup and the platter for the sake of public effect or public opinion but leaving the inside full of wickedness and iniquity The late Col Ingersoll in his Crimes Against Criminals attempted to direct the way to bettering the conditions of that so ciety from which criminals are wrought the improvement of the moral character of the criminal once inside the prison but the plotting politicians who seem to think more of public appearance than moral and material welfare have not yet reached that stage of advanced preceptlon whereby they are able to appreciate the moral worth of Inger solls utterances on that subject Concede the right of society to confine a man as a means of punishment for proved crime it is none the less a fact of penology that once society has him under restraint there should be nothing required of him j save enough labor to pay for the cost of his keep and maintenance and that the balance of his time should be occupied in attempted reformation and improvement that the pos sibility of a return to crime upon being lib erated at the expiration of his sentence would be minimized This should be In tended for the prisoners own good As matters now stand we punish men accord ing toa cut and dried scheme of arithmeti 1 ffi cal retribution and daily turn out matured criminals In the full knowledge that they will again commit crime at the first oppor tunity To expect any beneficent results to follow such a change as that proposed by the Senate Codification Committee would be as fallacious as looking for figs upon the proverbial thistles In 1885 during the incumbency of J Proctor Knot as Governor of Kentucky the convicts In the State penitentiary were idle mere were no contracts and the unfortunate wretches were unable to get that physical recreation so necessary to good health The days and weeks hung upon them with a languid idleness At last the convicts sent a commission to the Governor consisting of a number of prison guards requesting that some labor be furnished for them Governor Knott made arrange ments with the municipal corporation of Frankfort whereby the convicts could be put to work building and repairing streets and roads All went well for a time until free labor entered a vehement protest and the unfortunate convicts were sent back in siue the prison walls until the Commissioners could get something for them to do This offers an illustration of the fact that labor is a blessing while Idleness becomes a curse if one keeps at it PEACE AND WAR As this issue of the Blade is dedicated by its editor to the memory of Thomas Paine it is fitting perhaps that his immortal dec lation If there must be war let it be in my day that my children may nave peace be contrasted with the recent utterances of Justice Harlan of the United States preme Court while addressing the Navy League at its annual dinner recently given In Washington In that address Justice Har lan eugollzed the efforts to build up a gigantic naval system in America that shall not only be a source of pride to the warlike sentiments of the Centralists but u terror to other nations and in this the learned jurist made no exceptions While comment ing upon a supposition of threatened war with Japan and special reference being made thereto the term Other nations In cluded all and so Christian as well as Pagan nations were Intended to be covered by the suggestion Further than this Jus tice Harlan desires a much larger navy than America can boast at present and he com mends the purpose of the present govern ment to increase the strength of the navy far beyond its present proportions This official and judicial desire for a larger navy comes from the fact of foreign conquest an undertaking that Is entirely foreign to American tradition and American history Fighting for the removal of the political fetters from our own hands and succeeding we have fought to place fetters upon another people and succeeding it is necessary that we must prepare against further fighting In order to protect American interests abroad Fighting whether on land or on sea Is the pastime of kings when they can get others to engage In the strife but it is a method that republics should rigidly avoid We observe however that Justice Harlan conscleutlously figures out that in making preparations for war the expected war is not to take place in his day and generation being now near seventyfive years of age but is to be deferred for future generations to take up Considering such a declaration as this turn to the words of Paine quoted above and then judge as to their respective human feelings and inherent justice Any righteous decisions must be made in favor of Thomas Paine TOO LIBERAL FOR A PREACHER Rev BurrIs A Jenkins formerly of In dianapolis also of Lexington Ky and now of Kansas City Mo is in our judgment far too liberalminded a man to longer re main In the orthodox Christian pulpit Be it noted however that Mr Jenkins is a pastor of the Campbelllte persuasion and to an extent is regarded as approaching infidelity which may account for his recent radical utterances on the Sunday question and upon the subject of the godless coins The Blade Is acquainted with Mr Jenkins by reputation Until a year ago he was President of the Kentucky University a preacher factory and it is broadly hinted that he was far too liberal for the Regents of that institution and while a man of bril liant mind they did not regret losing him when he handed In his resignation for fear his liberality would permeate the Institution over whose destinies he presided and work its leaven upon the minds of the young lings who were being prepared to preach the Gospel of Christ for cash Ho favored athletics when the others opposed them He was In for every innocent game that could be played upon a college campus Ho was admired by all who know him and under his ministrations the University prospered He resigned and his resignation was accepted with the usual regrets and now we find him at work in a Kansas City pulpit Recent press dispatches with pictorial representation depict him as kicking off the Sunday lid and approving the Presidential order which removed the In god we trust from the now gold coin Coming from a preacher such utterances were deemed worthy of being published broadcast and this we take it is another evidence of the chafing on the public part against theological restraints which must sooner or later result In an outburst of Indignation strong enough to overthrow the church power In AmericaJWith a few more preachers like Burris A Jenkins the day Is not far distant when such consummation shall bo upon us f f ii tt 8 BLUEGRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chllton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHESEdltor and Publlshe 1208 N Limestone St Lexington Ky P O Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 150 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remit tance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column insertion cents one month or tour Insertions 100 six months 500 one year 800 Quarter column single one insertion 200 ono month 400 six months 2000 one year 3009 Half column whole column or larger adver tisements at special rates upon application The pUblishers have the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the tern for which the subscription has been paid ut In advance The address slip on the paper will show subscribers the date of expliatlo of subscription Back numbers or number omitted will be sent asked for upon renewal in case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSC1UBEU change his or her address advise this office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at 126128 North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome TIlE BLADE is entered at the postomce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass Ing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GHASS BLADE P O Box Lexington Ky + + X1 Editorialf b DEDICATED TO PAINE With a profound and reverential love this issue of the Blade is dedicated to the memory of that devoted cham pion of human liberty to the glorious selfsacrifice and patriotism of that greatest of all the revolutionary fathers he whose brain and pen first constructed the immortal declaration of the Free and Independent States of America he whose big heart felt for all mankind Thomas Paine During the coming week the faithful devoted friends of the revolutionary hero will assemble in village town and city throughout this continent and in prose and poetry strive to remove that web of prejudice which the orthodox Christian church has woven about his name Meetings will be held societies congregate speeches given banquets tendered and family gatherings galore all through this country here and there like brilliant stars that pierce the gloom of a clouded night all in honor of him who gave his all his talents his devotion and energy to the laying of the foundations upon which our government was built As the years come and go these celebration will be increased The impression they make upon the public at the pres cut however slight will be felt and tin future historian will mark them as a bright oasis in the midst of superstitions dreary desert of fanaticism The Christian world will continue for years singing how sweet the name of Jesus sounds but they will also qualify it with the statement that it will be only to a believers car but apply ing the argument in another and different direction we find a mighty magic in the name of Paine to those who love his memory which stirs the blood to action moves the mind to higher and nobler thoughts casts a new light upon human life and illuminates the path way to a higher and nobler state of human progression The name of Paine means more to a Freethinker than the name of Jesus could possibly mean even to the most devout Christian in this great world To believe in Jesus and to be impressed with his name from a theological viewpoint simply suggests a passive humble be lief that impossible promises will be fulfilled but to believe in Paine to ac cept his philosophy and to commend his works to be impressed with his name implies action life and energy the desire to do something that shall be of material service to the race and make for the happiness of all mankind Go ye not unto the Gentiles for I am come only to save the lost sheep ofthe House of Israel Jesus Where liberty is not there is my country Paine The narrow limited restricted big oted declaration of Jesus according to his own biographers implies sectionalism and race hatred The open broad sincere honest declaration of Paine as shown by his own writings gave to hint the world for habitat and homo for his sphere of operation fold with it he embraced the human family leaving no race or nation to be excluded And in Prunes day liberty had no home Liberty was a stranger in every land Priestcraft and kingcraft had combined to rule the masses to their bene fit and the detriment of the people Under such conditions liberty could not be Not until Paine had destroyed the divine rights of kings with his Rights of Man and pav d the way for the American revolution with his Com mon Sense did liberty obtain that recognition necessary toa permanent r tj tt 1 i establishment among men At this time when the Stars and Stripes were floating in the skies over a free people no man stood higher in the estimation of the American people than did Thom as Paine the authorhero of American freedom Washington Jefferson and other revolutionary leaders counted themselves his friends and as express ive of the voice of the people honor was paid him by the American con gress by special enactment Now came a change The Age of Reason was published Dedicated to the American people they neglected the gr 1t trust imposed upon them by its illustrious author It annihilated priestly despotism and exploded super stitious myths It exposed biblical fallacies those things upon which priestcraft depended so much Hu man intelligence was not strong enough in that day and age to rise above the edicts of the church and the Age of reason was proscribed by ecclesiastic ism Paine was neglected and practi cally ignored To befriend him was to create suspicion in regard to orthodox standing The clouds grew thicker and heavier but in days that followed a rift appeared through which permeated a ray of light and in that ray the glories of Paine were made per ceptible Time wore on and men and women who dared to brave priestly wrath rescued the name of Paine from the seeming ignomy with which priest craft had surrounded it and today it lives foremost in the hearts of thousands who are devoted to the promo tion of human welfare Carlisle once asked which miLlion Englishmen would the people sur render rather than lose the Bard of Stratford and using the same expression in this case the Blade insists that it would be willing to surrender every t priest and preacher in America today only leaving us Thomas Paine THE MISERY OF ORTHODOXY The orthodox Christian church through its teachers and preachers its bibles and creeds its forms and ceremonials leas made its god a murderer an accessory thereto both before and after the fact and its energies are now directed to the task of inventing spe cious apologies for him and his conduct How can a wholesome morality emanate from such a source Ifreligion is necessary as the Christians claim to the inculcation of mo ality then would disease be deemed a t r q t Wif J 0iBLUE GRASS BLADE 9Iblessing because of the mere privilege- of testing the curative properties of is morale r7 Correctly defined it implies the greatest possible happiness for the greatest possible numbers religionAside etymology and regarding it in the light as accepted and todaymany forms of worship in which igno rant man prostrates himself before an powerWhilemay tend to produce some sort of happiness for those indulging in such thehappiness numberscalculations At best it is but a hap piness derived from feeling miserable Those who delight in human misery can extract happiness from religion The truly happy man is he who is free from all its environments Al worshipdifferand the same namely an effort to deityForpress his lips to the crucifix and the devout Protestant sprinkle himself with water and recite prayers from a bookWhat answer have either to offer when confronted by the worlds wick pityingbothof so much suffering want and misery and wonders that an allpowerful and allmerciful god does not or cannot prevent it At the very thresholdof his inquiry he is met with the reply such is gods own plan lie is told that character is formed thereby and that a world without woe would be un fit for strong men There is evidently a vacant space in the reasoning power of one who can hold to such a belief and he is entitled to sympathy on ac cout of his deformity Such an argu ment is as pitifully bereft of logic as it is of human feeling There is but one answer necessary namely if there be a god who can view human suffering and be happy in its presence or who can look upon the fearful crimes com pretendingmen and loving women will shun his presence like a pestilence and strive to get everywhere where he is not Character had better been formed or given in the first place instead of permitting man to have acquired it in such I k a merciless manner Some kinds of character would not be required even today had it not been for the existence of the orthodox Christian church All the character that is or was desirable or necessary is here and like human virtue not because of Christianity but in spite of it liveshavefaith and countless millions of dollars hollowimagemous energy and sacrifice has failed to feed the famished clothe the naked or shed light across an ignorant world vainManinsecure foundation and in the rav ages of time they will fall and tunable upon his own head In every age re ligion has been cultivated for the sole benefit of those whose voice is termed the voice of god and they have invari ably made large profits Morality had its origin in the natural diversity of nature Religion was born in ignorant superstitious and originTheydegreeMoralityligion is a living lie A BIBLE TEARING PARSON Wen may do in these days with im punity what their ancestors of a cen tury ago dared not to have done preachingwho would dared to have stood in the presence of his congregation assembled for public worship and one by one have torn pages from the bible and casting them to the ground would have been accused of heresy and sacri lege made to stand trial therefor and if god failed to punish him by striking him dead during the act his escape from punishment would have been accepted as prima facia evidence of his being in league with the devil and his accusers would have demanded practicingtheReports from Ottawa Ill sent to the Blade through a friend state that D R Railey of the Congregational church in that city shocked his congre gation by such a performance from the pulpit but explained his conduct by claiming to have used that method as an illustration to point a moral and push home an argument he had to make The explanation might have satisfied some of the orthodox breth ii t dt appealtotiau superstition as when pagan idols were defied challenged and spat upon in order to prove their impotency for bibleisand he who defileth its pages doth de file god Had an illustration of the same kind been used by a Freethought feelingperfectwould have belch J forth their most solemn protests against such an act Preachers being looked upon as some thing of a higher order than common men may be permitted to do that which other men may not do and in this re spect the conduct of Dr Bailey will get but a passing notice appelLringto inhistime for so doing lie said You will say that I have used a ofdomonstrating destructiontorn leaves on this platform is not onehalf so cruel and heartless as to attempt to mutilate the truth contained makeitor to refuse to live the principles of Hehasseemhaesliburning of human beings in the name of that same Jesus whose principles he declares his congregation does not thedestructionTile bible is but a mere book or a mere collection of books In the printing and sale of that collection of books im mense profits are realized by a gi veryfuctact he had committed as being harsh suggests once more the notion that the bible has been made a fetich a something classed as divine when after all it is but a human production and subect to the same inexorable rules thingsDr toflowbible will perhaps be necessary and the congregation chip in to buy one and this is practically all the liana it has done There is no more danger in I I 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE tearing out the leaves front a printer copy of the bible than there would be in according similar treatment to the- Police Uaiceite of Aew lorii The tales of horror and woe both relate are about on a par 11 there is any duiereuce the mule has tile Gazette beat ten city blocks for the Gazette lure not print touch that the Wine contains and es cape uue process of law the impris onment ofti U vise lor simply mail ing texts on a postal cure is a suni dent eviueuce ot that fact Vliy was such a uemoustratiou neces sary t Doubtless the preacher lead uiscovereu an apathy iowurus religion among ins nieuiuership and hu felt that extraorumary measures were necessary to rouse them from their lethargy and stupor Besides there were opportu nities for cheap advertising and in this respect the average preacher is more susceptible than the average vaude ville actress bailing to produce a sen sation through any of his sermons the ripping of the Wale auorded lint that which he was unable to obtain by any other means The humor of the thing is seen in his reference to the cruelty and heart lessness he depicts in refusing to live the principles of Jesus and as he knows his congregation better than we do we take it that he is better able to judge of the ellect of his preaching to them and how they feel about him There would be more cruelty and more heartlessness in the world did they live up to the principles and that congregation is to be sincerely commended that their conduct was such as to render the action of their pastor so necessary THE NEW POSTAL RULING With each succeeding year we seem to be drifting further from the consti tutional moorings of the revolutionary fathersThinking people must admit that many things deemed good and suited to the times one century ago would be neither good or suited to the present age but there are matters and things that come up from time to time in the several government departments that savor of an effort to establish an aril tocratic form of government in which the people are being ruthlessly ignored In other words it has the appearance of a usurpation of the legislative func tion by the executive department and the making of new laws a tive pertaining only to Congress through the guise of rulings made and ordered by this or that official who happens to be in temporary authority Some time ago an effort was made to induce the Congress to enact a lav regulating the transmission of second class mail principally newspapers and periodicals refusing them admission to the mails at the legal rate in al cases where the printed tab on the address slip showed that the subscriber was over one year in arrears Such papers were to be admitted however upon applying thereto the regular postal charges in stamps Congress re fused to enact such a law Determined upon having their own way the third assistant postmaster general upon his own iniative issued an order notice sent to all newspapers that such would be the law or the rule with the post office department hereafter and post masters have been instructed to see that the rule or order was carried out Thus we have an official apointeJ only to office not elected by the people making ILaw by which the people are to be governed and thus the rights of the people gradually are passing in to the hands of officialdom Still what can be done but submit It is now a law and the law must take its course Continue the present reg ime or anything else like it and Con gress will be further ignored and or ders issued malting laws which the rep resentatives of the people have refused to enact The democracy of the Amer ican republic is slipping away The good old ship of state built by the blood and brain of the conscript fathers is drifting away from the bed rock of Liberty manifest by the national constitution and is running amuck the Declaration of Independence Who is to blame Not the officials but the peo ple The people can change the pres ent order of things if they have the courage and the will to do so The government is a reflection of the peo ple Allow this usurpation of the func tions of government by any of its de partments to much longer continue and the elective franchise will soon be wrested from the hands of the masses and a vote extended only to those who shall he able to conform to prescribed stipulations This is not so far away either Being compelled to submit it is therefore incumbent upon the Blales subscribers to see that their subscrip tions are not in arrears for more than one year We do not want to drop them On the other hand we cannot afford to pay regular postage when mailing the paper to delinquents as the next order of things will require The subscription price is exceedingly low for a weekly paper like the Blade T ht L t fi and we trust that our friends stand by us in our obedience to willIministerial order of the third ant postmaster general a Write and tell us how you like the Blade since appearing in new form POSTAL AUTOCRACY One half of the last issue of the Blade was held up by the post office authorities at Lexington because we had inadvertently inserted a circular and subscription blank in each copy Under an autocratic ruling we had to pay a large sum of money on or be denied the use of thedemandJThis money was made order to get the paper in the hands of its subscribers We have not time to make further comment upon the sub ject in this issue but promise to dis cuss in the next Meanwhile our l friends will accept this in explanation of the long delay Paine is a synonym for patriotism IOURJust one word to our subscribers across the Canadian border Some of them either without thought or through lack of time have been in the habit when renewing their subscrip tion to simply place a Canadian bill for the amount of the subscription in the letter While this might be ac ceptable in those states bordering the Dominion wherein more or less inter change of commerce takes place yet so far south in the United States Canadian currency is not acceptable and it can only be passed on the al banks at a discount which nationIsarilly means a loss to us iye ask is that hereafter a post office money order be sent for the amount j desired to be forwarded and this willIIavoid both loss and inconvenience Paine taught a a high refined personIality a It is with a profound sense of pleas urable devotion that we inscribe one more issue of the Blade to the memory of Thomas Paine This should make it a good campaign number Kindly al low the Blade to become a missionary on its own account We want to send out one thousand copies all over the country We will send them anywhere at two cents each if you supply the ad dress and name to mail them f r I Z BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 ORTHODOX LEMONS FOR I MISSOURI The people of St Louis asked for religious liberty and the dignified Missouri judiciary merely granted them a lemon In these days of slang it is recog nized that the receipt of a lemon im plies that the recipient thereof has got it in the neck Politicians dodge the lemon with as much alacrity as the yellow journal chases a divorce imagine however that as far as the Immaculate Conception is con orthodoxIand cruelties the future weal or woe in the hierarchy to come of the ortho dox Missourians is now made depend- entI on a judicial decision over the right to purchase a lemon on Sunday This much and this only will the Missouri f courts in their great wisdom allow Purchasing lemons is an act like Abels offering of a lamb pleasing unto the Lord but to buy a shave on Sunday i- sfan unpardonable sin and those de in so doing will call upon them the wrath of the Most High and bring down a whirlwind of di vine disfavor Get a shave and be damned Only buy a lemon and you are washed in the blood of the lamb The Christian reformer insists that we must live by the law or change it and this is used in the current Sunday closing campaigns with a great deal of forceIn the case of an obnoxious law the Blade would insist that the better plan would be to seek its repeal first and failing in that refuse to obey it and by bringing it in contempt by the public its repeal js sure to follow for no law can boast any inherent virtue or power touching its enforcement unless public f opinion is behind it All Sunday laws are essentially ligious laws and their enactment was in violation of the constitutional rights and liberties of the people That they are religious laws is admitted by the Missouri court and yet its own de cision concerning the illegality of buy ing a shave and the legality of buying a lemon on Sunday destroys its own argmnent The demands made upon metropoli tan life by custom said to be a mon ster of habits devil and the continually increasing wants of mankind especially in thickly populated centers the hurry and struggle and bustle to live and keep up with the crowd creates new necessities and in order to gratify i mans wants new customs are con stantly being created In the days of old the prophets 01 some of them declined to shave or trim their hair Some of them refused to take a bath The children of Israel we are told wore one set of clothing for forty years Of course they were in the desert and fashionable tailor shops had been left behind them in the land of Pharaoh Necessity had forced them if the account be true to forego a change of raiment In Elishas case he did not need a hair out for he had none that could have stood the opera tion In some instances custom con trolled the ha bits of the ancients and others were simply forced to certain actions through sheer necessity Now comes Missouri the show me state But Missouri not only asks to be shown It is also willing to show but its judiciary iz making a sorry show of itself It is showing a peculiar inconsistency in its rulings anent the Sunday laws One Missouri Court has ruled that a lemon is a sufficient ne cessity to be permitted to be sold on Sunday and another Missouri Court has ruled that a shave is not a neces sity on Sunday In this respect the lemon is placed above tha shave but there are doubtless a large number of the male inhabitants of St Louis who would be willing to trade oil their legal or statutory rights in a lemon for the privilege of a shave on the so called Sabbath day In other words the Missouri Court of Appeals has held that a shave not being a necessity charity cannot be purchased on Sun day without violating the Sunday law On the other hand the Supreme Court of Missouri has held that a lemon is a necessity both as a medicine and a food and that its sale on Sunday would be a lawful proceeding Take a male person with a bad case of katzenjammer secured from sundry places on Saturday night a lemon might be deemed a blessing to him on Sunday morning Many a housewife might desire a lemon as a flavoring fluid to make the luscious pie but in neither case is it such a dire neces sity as to rank it of prior importance to a shave The inability to secure the latter might change the course of the great worlds destiny No blushing maid would rush to greet a courting swain with several days growth on his chin and the deacon might be compelled to miss church because unable to use the razor himself and the law prohibits him shaving in a barber shop Can the Missouri judges really believe than an almighty god could be offended with finite mortal man for in ji dulging in a shave on Sunday Clerks who are compellel to labor until a late hour night to enable church 1necessitiesa necessity as a lemon to them J One more question How is it pos A1 sible that a moment of time can be declared or held to be more sacred t than another If a god made time Zis it not all sacred If it is wrong to buy a shave on that division of time known as Sunday would it not also be wrong on Monday If a man may buy and eat lemons on Sunday in full fear of the Lord may he not also enter taining the same degree of fear pur chase a shave for the sake of cleanli ness and comfort Do they not argue that cleanliness is next to godliness If it be true in whole or in part are not the very Christianlike judges of the Missouri bench straining at a gnat and swallowing Noahs ark when they rule against the Sunday shave What makes the matter worse so far as the constitutional liberties of the people are concerned is that both of the courts named declare with a show of judicial dignity and bearing that jthe people of Missouri are religious in their inspiration and they describe the Sunday laws as the expression of a godfearing Christian people who regard the Sabbath as a holy day Here is the principal bone of con tention It is an admission that the Sunday laws are a purely Christian institution enacted as favoring that form of religion and against the enact ment of any law favoring any system of religious worship or belief Under such an opinion we are prone to ask if the ecclesiastics and those legisla tors who voted for the enactment of these laws would not give an open honest and candid explanation of what they meant by them The rule in the construction of any law is to arrive as near as possible at the legislative intent and if the intent of the Sunday law enactments cnn be ascertained it will be found to consist of a desire to force Christian observances upon all the people irrespective of their desires their wants and religious beliefs Our long familiarity with the very people who advocated and sought the enact ment of these Sundays laws a famili arity that extends to their rules of thought and conduct would suffice to convince us that the Appellate decision in regard to the lemon is fatal to the enforcement of any Sunday law upon 11 C f f r i2 BLUE GRASS BLADE countrystate thingloriouse e the arbiter upon the conduct of men in this enlightened age we must insist upon taking advantage of as liberal a construction of those laws as may be circumstancesLemons sible either as a food or a medicine Neither is a shave Both are convenien foritstained from any drug store at very frighttotlilemonto the eminent Missouri judges a a Even as you love Paines memory and approve the Blade write and tell us what you think about it a a KIDDER WITH US AGAIN It will be gratifying to many of our readers that M Grier KidJer author of The Virgin Mary The Sacrament and other writings has once more written for the Blade A splendid article from his pen entitled The Crank will appear in the next suc ceeding issue of the Blade Now is the time to get your friends to subscribe for it If you will send us names and address of Freethinkers sample copies yourhelponly reliance our principal depend ency Watch for Kidders article t BACK TO THE MIDDLE AGES Owing to the presence of so many of the clergy in tlu third Russian Duma it is said to more closely resemble a religious synod rather than a rep bodyIf rely upon it He need not dissolve it for ItIof sympathetic fraternity It is an epitome of the middle ages The few popularlibertyple the peasantry from such a legis lative body will be exasperating only in their absolute smallness Still it is a good and portentious sign Similar conditions produced the French revolution and king and clergy built the pyres by their own hands The people in rebellion against this dual tyranny iJ alllWith such a complexion the Duma may legislate for both priest and Czar and the imperial ukase will be ex tended As constituted the people can have the glorious privilege of paying knoutforshould the thought be made known During the middle ages the clergy climbed upon the throne of the Cae sars and wielded a political power over all Europe Unless the Czar maintains a close and vigilnnt scrutiny upon all legislation the Duma may en engulfedinovercome Tile Russian people have a right to look with suspicion upon the notion of popular government as doled out to them by the generous hand of Nicholas They now realize that it was only a bluff a movement made by him to stay the popular indignation that had been aroused by the collapse of Rus sian officialdom because of its inherent rottenness as shown in the war with Japan Something had to be done to appease public wrath An extension of selfgovernment was hit upon as a happy idea in the hope that in the glorification at a termination of their forgetthefeat of their army and navy It was all a bluff The people now understand that fact They now know that Nicholas the White Father will not bytheimperial will taughtThatmust be won fought for and an eter nal vigilance set upon it when won It is evident that both Czar and clergy arc riding to a hard and fearful fall In all that Paine wrote and taught he sought to impress mankind with the belief that good character rose above nil else a s a When donating his nil to the benefit of the colonial army Paine taught by practise the best nets one can do are those done for the joy of doing From nil sides wo are receiving con gratulatory communications from friends of the Blade complimenting us upon the change made in the form of its publication Conceding that the im provement was timely we want your L bil help to make it both permanent and possible for still greater improvements More reading matter more original articles more pages and more sub subscriptionare wiibuckleand then do it a a Through patriotism and love of man andbuiltrule should prevail Through pride of greed and love of self plutocrats have founded fabulous fortunes wherein a prurient pride is fostered Plutocracy makes ostentatious gifts to public charities to shield itself from criticism systemPainethe starving soldiers in the colonial army and because he denied their fool ish fables the church consigned him to hell and infamy a condition from which it is your duty and ours to rescue him a We of this age love peace and strive to accomplish it through most peaceful measures Paine loved the storm where human liberty was at stake He did not shirk the duty or fail to give heed where duty called It was he who wrote If there must be war let it be in my day that my children may have peace This kindly consideration for the welfare and happiness of otlu was the sole motive powdr that rsJed him in all his works and had never wrote and published the Age of Reason his name would stand higher in America today than the name of Washington Writing the Age of Reason was his only crime and yet this little book has done more to free mankind than all his other writings combined a Dont forget this is a Paine Memorial issue dedicated to him and to his name and it is up to you to see that it is scattered fur and wide Just a few cents each will do the work Send 25 cents with names and addresses of those you want it sent to a a Will you allow the patrioism of Thomas Paine furnish an inspiration and his devotion to duty supply a mo tive for you to do something in the service of man One thousand extra copies of this issue have been printed and if you will help us we will spread the gospel of Freethouglit to the utter most parts of this republic 1 i 4 j 6 ff i f I 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 PAINE HONORED BY OHIO NEWSBOYS Commendable Course Taken by Helen Lucas to Cause Simple Justice to be Done to the Memory of that Great Patriot In another column In this Issue of the Blade will bo found a communication from Helen M Lucas of Marietta Ohio telling of the preparations made to commemorate the name of Thomas Paine upon the anni versary of his birthday this year Mrs Lucas Is so well known among the Free thinkers of America especially in Ohio that It is unnecessary to make any partic ular comment upon her work Suffice to say that with her usual courageous devotion to the cause of justice and truth she has ranged for a Newsboys gathering at her home when with a spread and a feast the moral lessons the lessons of virtue and pure patriotism that were taught and promul gated by Paine will be impressed upon those youthful minds that In the years to come when they shall have reached man hoods estate they will have cause to remember and know the truth the real truth about the man who unfolded Old Glory to the morning breeze The folder to which Mrs Lucas has refer ence Is a neatly printed card four pages folded for convenience In handling mailing etc and while the folder Is made up of extracts from Marilla M Rickers Square Deal reproduced some time ago by the Blade from The Phlllistlne It will do no harm to give It again especially upon such an occasion as this and it will better show what Mrs Lucas is doing for the cause of J truth and happiness in her commendable way The folder is as follows MARIETTA NEWSBOYS January 29th 1908 GEMS FROM A SQUARE DEAL By Marilla M Ricker To me Thomas Paine has been not only a man of destiny but a man who made des tiny Nothing could Induce him to cut one inch from the staure of his manhood A conviction was as sacred to him as an idol to its worshippers Ho was as democratic as nature as partial as rain or sunshine He wanted a government where those who held office should be no higher than those they served He wanted every man who was elected to position high or low to represent the peo ple to stand for the people and to work for the people I know of no one who has placed duty to mankind higher than did ho In whatever ho did ho obliterated self lIe sought for no advantage over others and If a man was endowed by nature with superior ability he saw In such power only a greater oppor tunity to bless his race Ho never entered the wild race for money never prostituted the power of his mighty brain never sold his influence Thomas Paine was never a traitor to himself What did this man hate Falsehood wrong tyranny What did he love Justice truth right and liberty The dominating Inspiration of Painos mind was love of free dom He cried out whenever he went Liberty Liberty and yet again Liberty In the land where he was born there was no such thing taught as the equality of mankind All tho springs of freedom in Great Britain were dry The birds could sing of liberty but man was dumb Thomas Paine dreamed the most glorious dream of human freedom that over chanted the mind of man ralrer and sweeter than lay under the broken marbles of Greece bright and better than was burled with the dead eagles of Rome We know not what gave birth to this dream In his soul The atmosphere of his early life has faded from the sky The key to his youth Is lost He had seen and heard little of the world He had lived mostly in tho hidden ream of thought How tho hope of freedom for all mankind gained entrance to his mind no one can tell what rivers fed it what suns nourished it what stars looked down upon It by night can never be learned He was a genius of solitude His mind nursed sustenance from the heart of the universe The wrongs he read of made him long for Justice the falsehoods he heard turned his heart to truth the oppression above him kindled liberty within him His great dream for mankind came from his love of man Paine lived In a land where justice was in the grave whero right was led to tho scaffold where liberty had never been born n land where honesty went barefoot and where vice held all the trumps And yet in this dismal environment Paino saw a vision of human equality a country whero a king was not wanted and a pope was not needed a country where the people were their own rulers and whero manhood was tho brightest crown Ho saw In America the land of his dream In October seventeen hundred and seventyfour ho sailed for these shores and By his vision splendid was on his way attendee Thomas Paine did not como to America to look upon some wonderful picture painted by a famous artist or to see some marvelous figure wrought from a marble block by a sculptor genius or to gaze upon some jpot sacred to religious faith but ho came to see If in the American Colonies an altar of freedom could bo raised and If there were a possibility of establishing a government which would protect human rights He came hereto find what he could not find In England what ho could not find In Europe what ho could not find In the Old Worlda land which would give to man the liberty to bo a man and which would respect manhood moro than titles and coronets He came hero to find a new world to found a now government to help make a country where all men should be equal to help found a nation which would be the monarch of the earth as the eagle Is of the air When Paine reached our shores he found the people In rebellion against the King This yeast of discontent was working and the land was preparing to resist oppression The clay was ready for the hand of the potter One of the first efforts of Paine was an essay condemning negro slavery and ad 1toreblood the first American AntiSlavery So ciety was formed in Philadelphia Had Palnes counsel been heeded there would have been no slaves In the United States and civil war would not have dug a grave in our soil or broken a heart in our homes I The Independence of the American Colonies fwas not sought by the men who emptied British tea into tho waters of Boston har L bor nor was that the purpose of the minute imen who faced the redcoats In the Concord fight nor did the hope of Independence win AtInlieved that separation from England was probable and no one publicly advocated it It was at this time that Thomas Paine set to work to show the American people that 1 the hour had come for them to rid the land i of monarchy The bold argument of Paine for national Independence could not be ejconvertedJuly following its publication the Colonies proclaimed their Declaration of Independ ence Common Sense flashed across the political sky of tho Now World with a bril liancy that won admiration and wonder from all No true estimate can be made of the mighty influence which the ideas in this pamphlet have had and are destined to have upon tho human race Paine stands between two epochs the epoch of Kings and the epoch of Man To tho King ho said The night is coming To Man he said The day is dawning tyranny must leave tho earth freedom and equality will possess It The tree of liberty had blossomed a thousand times and the perfume of Its flower filled the air with the glad promise of Its ripened fruit but not until the stars and stripes waved over Americas soil was political freedom a fact Thonas Paine did mora than any other man to put tho stars on our flag and to give that flag to the breeze And what ho did was done without expectation of pay When ho had finished Common Sense ho did not ask the Colonies to buy It His strongest convictions were In that work his dearest hopo had been written into its words and these convictions and those hopes were too precious to bo bar tered for money lt 2 I 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE rPaine had no love of freedom to sell This man who started out to give his life to free rightsfthousand dollars were realized from the tisales Let us draw the picture of this i man In January seventeen hundred and IIviances receiving a salary of two hundred and fifty dollars a year for editing a maga zine He had a head full of good Ideas and a heart full of good feeling Under his arm he carried the manuscript of his first book He had read portions of his work to the few friends who urged him to publish his thoughts This man who had spent months in the preparation of his work took it to a printer without thought of personal gain He only wished that the people would read his book and carry its principles to the heights of victory Thomas Paine in writ ing and giving Common Sense to the nies made the noblest and best contribution to the cause of freedom in America During the seven years war which the revolutionists waged against Great Britain Paine tributed from time to time thirteen numbers of his Crisis The first which was printed in December seventeen hundred and seven tysix commenced with this memorable sentence These are times that try mens souls and the last which on April nineteenth seventeen hundred and eightythree opened with these words The times that try mens souls are over Paines words put strength into the mens arms and cour age into their hearts but not a dollar into his own pocket All he wrote in America was given for her freedom He gave his services as the night gives its dew as the flower gives its perfume as the sun gives its light TOM and BOB We who love them call them Tom and Bob They were each the truest charac ters In the days In which they lived They were perhaps no more intellectual than thousands of others but each in their time one died in 1809 and tho other in 1898 excelled all their contemporaries in noble ness of character frankness of speech and freedom from hypocrisy They were different Tom and Bob different in style and In their philosophies even as the epochs in which they lived were different but the one respect In which they differed from all others of their time was in their intellectual honesty their Inability to live a lie and their boldness and reckless ness In daring to speak tho truth compromiseiby the people of their day but they were too true too grandly moulded to sacrifice im11J Hi IliI Clr1U flliii their character within for the applause of the rabble and so like the Man of Galilee they were both crucified On September 21st I attended a dinner at which some thirty devoted spirits had gath ered to celebrate under the auspices of the Ingersoll Memorial Association and some how it appeared to me that after all it was the principle back of these men that we had gathered to memorialize and that in the future all such functions throughout the entire continent should not be conducted in the name of one or the other but always to the memory of both Tom and Bob Wherever freedom of speech is celebrated wherever liberal minded men and women gather to herald the coming of the age of rationalism and common sense it should without exception be done by coupling the names of both Paine and Ingersoll I therefore call upon all Ingersoll associa tions and Paine societies to hereafter co operate and as far as compatible make one cause in commemorating the life and works of these great true spirits Tomorrow Magazine IN MEMORY OF PAINE In seventeen hundred and thirty seven A hero was born to the world At Thetford England he first saw the light Which nature to him revealed Ho was born of a woman as you and I Which fact his works demonstrate And this tho principal reason why The church looks on him with hate They imprisoned and persecuted him For telling the truth on their creeds And preaching to all with vigor and vim That character is built upon deeds No man ever did for humanitys sake A more kindlier deed than did ho When he proved the Holy Bible a fake And based on a Popes decree For this came abuse from the preachers And theyve preached him down into hell But the people hes freed iron sectional creed Doth love him and cherish him still Compare this dead heros great record To those found in the sacred t book And for honor right transcendant and bright You need not go further to look tOdayToAnd with love to point to all men the way To give Justice to Thomas Paine N N41 CORRESPONDENCE 1 664 4 4N 4N 4 ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS LOUIS CALAISYour encouraging letter does much good and furnishes an inspiration for future work The Blade does not complain nor has it the right to do so about the manner In which a subscriber bestows his patronage Our policy is that there is room for all of us WM RANDOLPH RAYWe wish with you that you may survive the ordeal through which you are about to pass and continue reading the Blade We wish you the greatest possible success and express the hope that you may profit by the under taking It Is well however that in such an emergency a positive declaration of your be lief was made as that will prevent misrepre sentation in the future H T AHRENSMany thanks for renewal and kind words In view of some complaints received your letter brings a little ROCKWELLWell done thou good and faithful worker in the cause of human freedom Nlnetytwo years of age an anniversary celebration tendered by Freethought friends and a positive Insist ance of an open acceptance of Freethought is an evidence that tho Christian superstl tution has failed to work upon you in your declining years Editorial labor and duty prevents us being present Heros a hand a hope that you will bo spared many years yetJ HOLMAN Yours received A mans wishes must be respected no matter how unpleasant they appear to others MRS HARRIET M CLOSZOur readers will be delighted at your promised contri butions to the Blade columns Shall be glad to get the funeral address and a report of the CrapseyMangassarlan debate JOSEPH HAIGHAnything we can do to aid a Freethinker shall bo done Send in your ad and we will publish it Never mindJthe cost What the ad would amount to will be far better applied to a subscription and we advise accordingly DR T J BOWLES Many thanks for your kind and encouraging letter It will be a great help to the Blade to have you among its contributors and with the improvements inaugurated wo ought to make it more successful ELMER SWIFTThanks for interest in sending clippings but tho matter Is hardly suitable for our columns It Is simply a controversy between opposing Christians ALEX JONESAs soon as we can get i1ff ct wt tit J i 1t I BLUE GRASS BLADE 15 ourselves adjusted to the new form we will be pleased to discuss the Issues suggested JUDGE PARISH B LADDOur readers will anxiously await your promised contri bution and the Blade extends thanks In ad vance J O SMITH Yours received It Is no mans serious fault that he lacks education It Is however a misfortune to him The Blade Is a forum of the people and Its umns are open to Christians as well as Freethinkers to enable an expression of honest opinion If you are firmly of the belief that you can convert the Blade and its readers to Christianity you are at liberty to make the attempt Ofscourse the condi tions we have previously named must be complied with as we can not give the entire paper to one article no matter how good or who the author A B BENNETT Your generous offer has Jilven us greater encouragement and In the fight we are making against Christian superstition Although we had suggested a literary fund upon which addi tional writers could be brought to the Blade and so little being promised we had leased those who had pledged us donations to that end Independent of that we have undertaken the task as you will observe by r this issue of the Blade and all who can aid us in this work will assist In perpetuating the Blade Many thanks TRUE LOVE FOR PAINE Frederick Md EdltorDIadeI October 18 1819 My father was English and my mother German They both belonged to the Lutheran church but they seldom attended service When I was twenty I was converted at the mourners bench and Joined the Lutheran church I lived an honest and consistent life up till 1845 I chew no tobacco smoke no cigars and drink no whisky I have paid all of my debts and never cheated a man In 1845 when I left the school house to go to my boarding house a thought came into my mind and I said what do people know about Christ being born crucified burled rising on the third day and ascending into heaven That night I commenced to read the Bible about John the Baptist and Christ being born one from a barren woman and the other one from a woman who had never co habited with man Theso two births were only six months apart The one from the barren woman was to start the Christian COv religion and If It proved successful the Q v other was put up as a god This satisfied c1c vme that the Bible was not true I continued to read the Bible up to 1857 and till this time had never met an Infidel nor read an Infidel book About this time I r my brother who was agent for a Baltimore firm and came in contact with many infidels was persuaded to buy Paines Ago of Rea son He finally gave me these books the very things I needed to expand the wings of my Imagination and I soon became a con firmed infidel We have been celebrating Paines birthday for the last thirtyseven years by hoisting the flag of the United States to tho breeze over Park Ridge and ringing the farm bell and on the 29th day of this month 1908 we will celebrate Paines birthday for 38 years When all of our neighbors will bo Invited to attend AARON DAVIS MRS CLOSZ WILL CONTRIBUTE Editor Blade I shall endeavor to help you out a little occasionally and hope you may be success ful in the new venture- I am now revising a funeral address which I gave at an aunts funeral a year ago and have neglected sending the same inshall be glad to send it n little later when you havo fairly launched the now enterprise for a funeral address at tho birth of the paper would be rather a growsome starter wouldnt itT There is to be a debate here tomorrow night Re solved that Jesus Christ is an historical character The Rev Crapsey Affirmative and Mr Mangessarlan Negative I hope to attend and If I do may bo able to send a few of the best points made- HARRIET M CLOSZ DECLARATION OF BELIEF Atlanta Ga Editor Blade Let me say right here Brother Hughes that your views are nearer my own views than any writer I know of I am going to the hospital next week and have an operation performed If tho worso shall occur whatever may be said my views are as I state I am a Materialist ami an Atheist in belief To sum up the whole matter I believe that wo havo three in finite conditions Infinite matter occupying infinite space throughout Infinite du ration and these three evolve all pho nomenaoIf you want to get a persons honest views get them when they are In health I was a great admirer of tho late Col Ingersoll and Samuel P Putnam and Dr J B Wilson and many hundreds of others that I now read after I must mention P B Ladd and Otto Wettstein 1r I mention these to show you that I am a Materialist and In no sense a Spiritualist i I hope to get out and continue to read the Blade Yours JWlIJ DEVOTED DAUGHTER OF FREEDOM Editor Blade 1MariettaE yery year I give an entertainment fortthe newsboys and another for adults In honor of Thomas Paines birthday The atre for the boys will be the best thing and I am waiting to see if there will be a good play about that time My house la too small to entertain half of tho people I want to Invite to the other entertain ment so It is settled that there will be a program carried on at the Assembly Room of the Court House which will be advertized In the city papers and to which the public will be Invited Seven pieces of the orchestra will be there through the evening there will be an address on Paine and some patriotic poetry will be readI will send you a report of the affair as soon as possible after it takes place I like your idea of letting each other know what we are doing to do in these cele brations everything should be done to spread the working Idea Wo should not neglect sending what money we can to the faithful secretary of the Paine Memorial Association and I suppose even names of members will be a helpI you one of the newsboy folders for 1908 HELEN M LUCAS FREETHOUGHT POEMS Kankakee Editor Blade With this letter I send you a book that I havo published this winter I have been a worker and a thinker all my life and I have some thoughts I wish to live after I am dead I would like you to read my book and notice In it the Blade I have sent from 50 to 100 copies to friends and I have 200 copies on hand that I want to sell at 25 cents each They cost me 33Y cents each to print them I am willing to pay for nn advertisement to help me to sell them I want people to seo my sentiments I have not advertised any but given the books away but I would like to sell what I have on hand to get some of my money back I am a poor man but have some thing saved for old age I am satisfied with the world as I understand it and I havo no trouble about Gods Devils Heaven or Hell or life after death JOS HAIGH W BLUE GRASS BLADE SUGGESTS NEW NAME Editor Blade Am glad you have issued a magazine Instead of the old Blade A word now more In a few days that this go out on the first mall The little Blue Grass Blade Is hardly a proper name for a back woods Newspaper much less Is or would be for a magazine So I hurry this off with the suggestion that you entitle the magazine Age of Reason No more appropriate title could be given besides It would call to Its support not only Freethinkers but all lovers of liberty and even some Christians who are beginning to admire the Hero of the Revolution The dignity of the Blade is much im proved since in your hands What it has lacked is a proof reader to correct the many typographical errors which has marred its pages Will write you more fully in a few days PARISH B LADD SPLENDID PROMISE OF HELP Muncie Ind Editor Blade Will try and contribute an occasional article for the Blade in Its new form- I believe the new form which you pro pose for the Blade will extend the circu lation and yield it a good ration on the Increased expense of publication With best wishes I am yours always T J BOWLES RAILWAY MEN ATTENTION t If you need a Watch to meet the new re quirements of the Railway Service study well and compare prices of these 18 size leverset Watches HAMPDEN Special Railway 23 jewels 20 NEW RAIL WAY 23 Jewels WALTHAM Van guard 23 Jewels 29 CRESCENT STR 21 Jewels 2250 same 19 Jewels 20 845 new model Jewels 1850 Apple ton Tracy Co 17 Jewels ELGIN Verltas 23 Jewels 29 Father Time Jewels 2250 B W Raymond 19 Jewels 20 same 17 Jewels 1850 All the above in or 4ounce Silvering Screw Case prepaid with guarantee that each watch Is latest Improved grade specified new and perfect and will pass rigid railway Inspection Have advertised in this paper since first issue- DIAMONDS PEARLS OPALS ETC- I am an expert in this line and will save you 20 per cent if you will order of me Enenepmpnt and wedding rings a specialty Send for price list of watches not listed above Jewelry Frppfhousht Bndeps Tneer soil Spoons Rings Sliver and Plated Ware Optlrnl Goods and my Tract Theism In The Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook County Illinois it i THE TELEOMECHANICS OF NATURE A The above entitled work in parts and 115 chapters treats of the source Z nature and functions of the subconscious minds or cellsoul as Prof Haeckel terms them which are beginning to be recognized by Biologists Psy tcholocists and IhyiilologUt the consciously and intelligently operating Z factors in the evolution of plant and animal life and to the study of which ZI have devoted a lifetime condensing my views nnd observations in the above It is devoid of all metaphysical speculation and from the mass of 2 scientifically demonstrated fncts the reader will draw hi own conclusions te regarding the tenability of the God nnd Immortality doctrines sMrs Josephine K Henry of Versailles Ky President of The Free tOf America writes as follows the Synopsis of your book The TeleoMechanics of Nature te tReceived great profit and pleasure It has opened up great fields of to me I will keep your pamphlet near me perhaps it will bring + emore light as I read and ponder A world groping in darkness nerds you You t s AAmanyProf Ernest Haeckel writes My dear Mr Wcttstein Your treatise in the form of Synopsis of Z your book The TeleoMechanics Of Nature being a commendable critique of = my WorldRiddles has been received and read with great interest While we differ on atfew questions notably the one relating to the consciousness unconsciousness of the mind in Nature I sincerely hope that your masterly + + efforts will contribute much towards dispelling the obscurity and confusion pre tmomentous of Science and Philosophy + + vailing in these problems With highest esteem Yours etc + + + Great Combination Offer A copy of tho Synopsis a large page pamphlet t+ + in handsome cover price lOc a copy of Facts Worth Knowing con addresses of Ingersoll Pentecost and Mrq Henry price e I tPaines Age of Reason price 25c 50c value all sent prepaid on receipte in stamps or silver First two books along for 10c to all mentioning + + 1the Blade + + + + HERMANN WETTSTEIN 412414 Main Street Fitzgerald Georgia Mardi Gras 2005New Orleans and Return At 1880 f Mobile and Return FROM LEXINGTON KY VIA Queen fl Crescent Route Tickets on sale Feb 26272829 March 12 Good Returning March 10 1908 Ask Agents for information or write H C KING G P A LEXINGTON KY t LIL