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P oar t t BLUE GRA 5 BLADE Volume XVI Number 42 LEXINGTON KY FEBRUARY 9 1908 Published Weekly DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDAIOMFREEDOM OF THOUGHT 11iWILSON and Prose J Y 1 I jfjl 1I11 1 1 nt iliI Acknowledged to be one of the fore most brilliant and epic writers in Amer ica Forceful and polished vigorous and convincing argumentative and winning his writings have touched the hearts of thousands of Freethinkers in America Wherever a liberal is found there is Dr Wilson known loved admired and spected For years he has been one of the best and truest friends the Blade has shad the good fortune to enjoy Ready at all times to lend a hand when the task became hard and never too busy in the practice of his profession to do something for the needs and wants of struggling of this brief sketch is of Scotch Irish parentage and a native of Adams county Ohio His father David Flnley Wilson was a man of fair educa tion and possessed a remarkable memory and some poetical talent His mother Evelyn Campbell was a direct descendant of the famous Clan Campbell of Scotland Her grandfather Matthew Campbell becoming a Dissenter was alienated from his family given five thousand pounds and told to go to America and stay there That was a common method in those days with no ble families of getting rid of their obstreperous and noaccount sons who assumed to have some opinions of their own and stood by them The result was that the American colonies were the gain ers by the Infusion of this hotblooded youth which became the bravest and ablest Campbell first settled In Vir ginia Hit adventurous nature soon led him toward the west and he settled at Lewlstown now Maysvllle Ky the farthest settlement west at that time on the Ohio river Here he married a Miss Shelby a sister of the first governor of Kentucky Soon after he built a large stone house on the opposite bank which served as both fortress and inn The vil lage which sprang up around him was named Aberdeen after tho city of the same name In Scotland Some years later In company with a number of settlers ho descended the Ohio on a raft and erected the first house on the present site of CincinnatiDr youth was that of the dinary village lad more or less boisterous tho Inventor of many a prank and leader In helping to tear up the town on Hallow Eve and other privileged occasions His greatest delight however as a lad were his solitary rambles through the dense and heavy forests which abounded at that time familiarizing himself with every tree and leaf shrub and flower animal and insect light and shadow tint and shape This the Doctor claims was his best edu cation among the hills and hollows of Adams County He attended the village school labored on the farm and In his sixteenth year started out for himself as teacher of a country school For the next ten years he followed this pursuit working at various employments during his vacations finally settling In Gin nati and after four years of ups and downs such as would test the courage of the stoutest heart graduated in medicine in 1899 Soon after he was appointed ward physician to the worthy poor Here for the next three years be fought disease In Its worst forms his battlefield being the slums Here too through a financial crisis he came to know the virtues and vices the wants and woes the heroisms and affections the sorrows and afflictions- of the destitute poor the utter degrada tion of those who at best become nothing more than driftwood on the stream of time Here he lived in the midst of hunger intemperance and every vice and that poverty breeds These observations led him to the study of the social and economic conditions He himself had felt the stings of poverty and had known hunger but had been able to rise out of It but here upon every hand were young and old depraved by condi tions from which there was no seeming escape Why should this be so where ture Is so beautiful to all He askedhou much the fault of the individual and how much of government To him the one great problem seemed not spiritual fare in some other world but human misery In this life All these varied avocations and experi ences of country village and city life of farm and school and travel of educational professional and literary pursuits have tended to make of Dr Wilson a man of broad and liberal ideas and of strong con victions Fearlessly he attacks all forms of society which to him appear to per petuate Ignorance superstition and social Injustice and wrong Dr Wilson early became a convert to the teachings of Paine and Ingersoll and has distinguished himself as their dis ciple Among the liberals of the country he has been a leading and popular spirit and won a national reputation He has been President of the National organiza tions known as The American Secular Union and The American Freethought IAssociation and from the latter was sent as National Delegate to the International Freethought Congress that convened In Home in September 1904 On his return he wrote an account of that trip and a report of that Congress which was published In book form under the title of A Trip to Rome which has met with universal praise from the many who have read ItIThe greatest ever achievedIin this country by Freethinkers over thetUnited States Court was that of tliberation from prison of Editor C C fight was generaled by Dr whoso brilliant pen tippeu with WilsonIof courage and truth had the rallying the Liberals of the nation in a determined and successful fight against the bigotry which sought the destruction of Editor Moore and the suppression of this his official relations with Freethinkers Dr Wilson was equally courageous He stood for the people as against the machine Everything had to be right out In the open and aboveboard or not at all and so ho bravely and successfully posed the powers which had reduced Liberal Organization to a mere pretense Besides his immense labors in Free thought propaganda and the active duties of his profession ur Wilson has found time to court the muse and Is now busily engaged In preparing a book of verse for publication His verse like his other writings Is marked by a wide versatilityiCompetent critics rank him among authors who have written along the same lines and predict that ho will a permanent niche in American literatureIIn this Issue Is printed one of his char acteristic poems Dr Wilson was married In 1892 to Miss Alma Kephart of Washington Court House Ohio which union was blessed by one brilliant daughter Marjorie who passed away two years ago Dr Wilson is a member of the Academy of Medicine Cincinnati The Ohio Valley Medical Association The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks Knight of Pythias and the Fraternal Insurance So cieties known as The Independent Order of Foresters Knights of the Maccabees Knights of the Ladles of Security mid b Tribe of lien Hur For all of these ho is a Medical Examiner as well as Examiner for some of tho leading old line companies d 41BLUEI + ++ NNN11 110N NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN t y 44Somebody Has To Sin 1 IBYDUr B WILSON Some minds Nature makes as low as the clod To genius some she exalts I And all the long way betwixt the extremes At every footstep she holts The hnniiin brain she diversities In size and shape and degree r Making none alike nor to think alike t But all of sonic use to 1rhus infinitely different all men she males To incline them different ways J To search out the infinite secrets she hides From our wondring human gaze Infinitely varied men too she designs- In the sense of right and wrong In diameter conduct will and resolve The weal she makes and the strong No levels there are in Natures designs All is mountain hill and plain Nor either without the other can be Likewise the structure of brains No level of thought or faith or belief Can apply to human life Each positive force has its negative Each pence its conquest and strife Thus nature her equilibrium holds And sway oer the human race Maintaining her balance twixt right and wrong As they fight each other for place Essential is sin to the growth of man- Or else it would novel be For ever tis sin inspircth the good To fight for supremacy Since Nature then made the good and had And our beings placed them within Then somtrfclody has to do the right And somebody lias to sin For ever these forces in man are at war For mastery of his will Some more thtn their share of good perform Some more than their share of ill If chance I he good mid if you be bad I certainly owe you much For not only your share but mine you hear Of sin that holds you in clutch To such as are good thro breeding and ease And iin soil superior grow No credit to you is particularly due For it only happened so Since lie good are rood at expense of sin Most virtue is piously shammed And hard the heart in its virtue secure That would danuj the nlrwuly dunned May he the life that is next to come Conditions will be reversed The sinful here take the place of the good The good the place of the cursed For Nature evolves thro constant change And disproportion her rule In the place of the wisest man today Tomorrow may stand the fool And those whove borne the brunt of the sin Which Nature here has decreed Best deserve a chance in the other life Andof their frailties be freed Then since it be plain the good and the haul In the huntim soil is sown And unequal the sin imposed upon some By never a choice of their own A pity show ye for the vicious all In their degradation bound Who burdened for life with your share of sin Grovel ever close to the ground Oh ye women pure as the spotless snow And chaste as the crystal ice Your Puritan poise is only maintained By yours sisters shame and vice And ye holand wise forget ye not As ye soar in prayer and song That youre only able to do the right Because somebody does the wrong Somebodys daughters and somebodys sons The sins of the future must bear And the chances are the child of your heart Will curry more than his share If for Natures sins you believe at last Into endless pain hull be hurled Youre the cruellest demon that ever lived To have brought him into the world Oh men Oh women misguided in thought With reason come yo and sup No need from the future have men to be saved But here to be lifted up Lifes a battle betwixt the right and the wrong Tn which neither one can win For while somebody lens to do the good Still somebody has to sin f lI l 10 III1Persistence of Superstition i NO1 There are Neither Gods or Devils Who Dispute With Each Other Overthe Souls of Men By Dr T J Bowles Every cultured man and every cultured woman on this earth now know to a itive and absolute certainty that every human being in this world who kneels and worships at the shrine of any supernatural religion Is a devotee of the most ancient and degrading superstition Every scheme of Redemption and Salva tion from sin founded upon the Incarnation and crucifixion of a God all the higher types of men and women now know are myths and legends conceived and written In the Infancy of the human race when man was in the savage and barbarous periods of his career on earth and but a few degrees removed from his animal ancestors Every student of Enthnography Is miliar with the fact that all the Gods and all the Devils and all the spirits and all the ghosts that have ever lived and flourished In the brain of the human race arc personifications and deifications of they objects and forces in Nature Every psychologist knows that this was natural and necessary because all primi tive and savage people have no Idea wjrat ever of natural law and until the Idea of natural law dawns upon the mind all the phenomena of Nature have to be explained in terms of personal agency Because of this necessity of thought primitive and savage man had to believe that nearly all the objects and forces In Nature were endowed with personality like themselves and in this way the sun which we know to be the center of our system of worlds they were compelled by the necessities of thought to believe was a Supreme Being and an allpowerful God and there Is not a nation that ever lived upon the earth but what Its people at some time In their history have worshipped the sun as the Supreme and Almighty God of the universe- It will thus be seen that primitive and savage men were compelled naturally to people tho whole world with supernatural beings and these myths and tho legends which grew out of them fill the pages of all holy books and divine revelations from the Egyptian Book of the Dead which is tho oldest down to the Mormon Bible which 1JUH Is the latest communication and revelation from the Gods to man Every ono of theso divine revelations and holy books are full of superstitions In a modified form that prevailed among all primitive peoples hundreds of thousands of years ago while man was yet a savage One of the oldest of these debasing su perstitions that dominated the life of all primitive peoples constitutes the founda tion of every scheme of supernatural re ligion In the world today All primitive people from the necessity of thought were compelled to believe that their Gods were like themselves only greater and more powerful and that they loved and hated and that their favor could bo secured by gifts and their wrath averted by sacrifices To appease the anger of the Gods and escape punishment by the sacrifice of Inno cent victims was a universal practice among all ancient people from time Im memorial These superstitions about sacrifices were perfectly natural and necessary during tho long night of savagery and barbarism be cause during these stages ot mental velopment all the phenomena of Nature had to be explained In term of personal agency and every remarkable display of natural force like volcanoes and earth quakes thunder and lightning floods and pestilences storms and eclipses had to be explained us the work of exasperated Gods and sacrifices of animals and Inno cent men women and children they sup posed were absolutely necessary to pacify these Infuriated Gods and Devils In this purely natural way sacrificial religion had Its birth and became univer sal among all the primitive peoples of the earth and for tens of thousands of years tho whole earth was a slaughterhouse and countless millions of animals men women and children were sacrificed to appease the wrath of tho Gods and secure their favor It will thus be seen that the diabolical su perstition of vicarious atonement to satisfy and pacify the wrath of God Is as old as the human race On this foundation of superstition rests all the supernatural religion that now curse the human family and fill tho world with sorrow discord and strife for expia tion by the sacrifice of a God and re demption through the death of a Divine and Incarnate Savior is but the culmination of the idea and practice of all our remote Like our savage ancestors who lived In dens and caves the modern priests of su perstition still teach innocent men women and children that the curse of God against the sinful must be removed by transferring the load of guilt onto the shoulders of in our primitive forefathers In whose minds the idea of law had not yet dawned the priests of modern superstition still prosqtitute the minds of innocent men women and children with the infamous falsehood that divine justice required the blood of savage and bloodthirsty protgenitors who cherished the superstition that the slaughter of animals and men would pacify their Gods the modern priests of superstition debauch the minds of in nocent men women and children with the awful suprestltion that the death of his innocent and sinless son was demanded by their God Jehovah This dreadful and finitely absurd superstition that the Infi nite and Eternal Cause of all things had a son and cruelly put him to death in a scheme of redemption for the human race let us hope will soon forever disappear from the mind of civilized men l Like our remote and brutal ancestors whose Gods were all anthropomorphic and had an insatiable appetite for blood our modern priests of superstition insist that their God Jehovah could devise no scheme of salvation without shedding the innocent blood of his only son and sinless son Our glorious scheme of redemption It will thus bo seen rests upon the terrible superstition that prevailed universally among our wild and ferocious primitive ancestors that the wrath of the Gods couldjonly be appeased by the shedding of blood Such Is the magical and wonderful scheme of atonement man poor miser able and fallen being ho Is responsible for the sins of our first parents a law has been broken and to satisfy the justice of the Infinite and Eternal Cause of all things ho descends from his home in Heaven to the earth and In tho person of Christina ho enters the womb of a virgin and is born and nursed like other babes and when he grows to tho stature of manhood ho per mits himself to be crucified and buried and then bursts the bonds of his tomb rises from tho dead and goes back to his home in heaven again ho repeats this process in the person of Osiris and again in the person of Quctzalcoatlo and still again until his descents incarnations crucifixions resurrections and ascensions reach the re spectable number of fifteen experiments and finally ho comes down from his celestial abodo into Palestine and creates a widel Il J fallt t I BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 spread scandal by overshadowing the Virgin Mary who happened to bo the afUanced brldo of one Joseph a carpenter by trade The same old iwess that ho had gone through fifteen times previously were again repeated gestation for nine months birth dentition diseases of children nursing and weaning Innocent sports of childhood growing maturluf and learning a trade and later on preaching and performing miracles and finally arranging for his crucifixion burial resurrection and ascension to his home In heaven Such Is a brief history of sacrificial re ligion and vicarious atonement which has 1cursed the human race beyond all the of all the languages of all the tribes and of all the nations of Earth to fitly ex press and portray orfsacrifices during their long night of mental darkness for then the earth and sky wero filled with demons and monsters but what shall wo say of the modern priests or su perstition who still persist In poisoning the minds of innocent men women and children with these awful myths and legends of supernatural religion The boundless love of free thinkers Rationalists and Monists is put severely to the test when we remember that this is the bright morning of the twentieth I century and that all intelligent men and women should bo able to seo und reaIo that these dreadful superstitious should be forever swept from the brain of the human race for It Is certain that modern priests cannot help but know that the iiupermtural does not and cannot exist they cann t help but know that the rytum of cause and effect is eternal they cannot help but know that the universe is all that is ml that ever was and all that over can bo they cannot help but know that wo live In but know that antecedent and conse but that know that antecedent and consequent are eternally and Indissolubly bound together they cannot help but know that the transformation of substance and force is an everlasting vrr cess and tla it comprises the whole history of our beautiful vorUl they cannot eI hut Ima that the Infinite cosmos and all Its forces arj purely Impersonal and that neither Gods nor Devils are concerned In any of Its move ments or processes they cannot hell but know that In the scheme of Nature all miracles taro absurd and Impossible and that all the Gods and all the Devils and all the priests in the whole world combined cannot suspend for a single moment tiny law of Nature they cannot help but know that every feeling every motion nod every volition In a human being are but J tho correlative equivalents of physical changes In the brain they know that the I j salvation of a wicked man by the death of an innocent brother Is Infamous and horri ble and they know if the existence of a personal God was possible that ho would abhor It with all his infinite love and know that nowhere In tho universe can be found a God and a Pevll eternally fighting each other In their struggle to capture the souls of men they know that this horrible nightmare had Its origin ia th3 dark night of savagery and barbarism when primitive mon were compollnd from the necessities ot tblnghtu pewonify and deify good and evil y i T TT T Kingcraft and Priestcraft Seeking to Establish a World Despotism By G McCormick Intelligent people both recognize and mit that a dense dark cloud supersti tion threatening and dangerous hangs over tho destiny mankind and that unless it is successfully pierced an eternal gloom confronts the race This cloud Is plainly visible to every intelligence that admits a to the great everexistent law of Nature that great law which like time anl space had no beginning and will have no end Natural law always was and always will as far back to a supposed beginning us to a supposed ending It lr Impossible to draw a line through time or space md nay time did not exist before It and will not exist after Call this law god If you will call it what you please It cannot an animal or a vegetable as an individual personal living god would have to Nothing can exist pad develop othur than annual or tigutuhle life and yet pour weak man lint fashioned a god after his own Imago and has sought to Mold tho cause of all that Is In the like ui of the onlv animil wit will le and sweat falsely sell vote iiinii till mall no crime go to wai with deadly woap and practice meanness towards his lows Is not this a rather low estlmata of what people deem to tho Ttrnt Caiibet Then why not cease this onrna claptrap about manmadn material nods Let ua drop tho god or no god theory tho spiritual theory and the agnostic theory Ingersoll declared he did not know yet might have known but for an indifference prob ably caused by wealth If had only put J These priests of superstition cemliily know all these things and how they can be wicked enough to constantly tailor to extinguish the beautiful sun of science and to deify the fabulous son of a mythical God passes all human understanding and it severely taxes the boundless love of an Infidel to throw the mantle of charity aver long 0 how long will It yet before biauklnd will learn that tin ilus light of science kindled toe sacred flame of human love would fill the world with Joy and happiness I N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N yRemoveZ IOwwwwwwwwww wwwwTT W ad of of responsibility be bo bo on9 fel be ho ho be by N N T T T to serious work his power of right and reason We all know that the mangod of the bible Is an Impossibility Then let us leave all such to their fate and rise up In an earnest protest against this religious despotism and crowned political monarchy which kingcraft and Its colaborer priest craft have tried for thousands of years to saddle upon us THE BLADE TERMEDA TO TRUTH Opposition From Church of Humanity to Proposed Union of Forces with Materialist Association By W H Kerr Five honest positions can be taken regard ing the two great questions of the existence of God and of a continuation of life but ntby the same person at the same time These are Total ignorance of the subjects 2 A firm belief in the existence of both 3 A doubt of theirexistence 4A full knowledge of the nonexistence of either one with a belief in or a doubt of the other Ful lwlrdge of the norIexistence of sin tlc practical ant logical stages of programing from total ignorant in early childhood of these subjects to perfect knowledge of them in the fifth position Thous ands of children do not live to be old enough to be taught idolatary and superstition Nearly all that do get into the second posi tion and stay there until they die A small per cent get into the doubting stage Some die there the majority relapse into the see Continued on Page 13 L 1IXaAi Current Comment on Public Events i JJJArTTTTTTTTTYTTTTTYTTTTTTTYTTTY CHRISTIAN CHARITY What is there about the Christian spirit that makes savages of men and women Why is it that in spite of their continual protestations of love and kindness they still maintain an attitude of brutality Did there ever exist any of the milk of human kindness in the breasts of the Christian people of Hunterdon New Jersey it must have soured and turned to clabber long ago Although they will point with pride to the Apostle Paul and refer to the great triune taught by him Faith Hope and Charity as the acme of human perfection the Chris tians aforesaid are certainly short on their charity and rather long on their heartless indifference to human suffering It may be that a long and continued association with the Jersey yellowjackets has Jaun diced their human affections until they pear as walking advertisements of the yellow peril- Recently the dally press has given publi cation to a news item under the startling and rather striking headlines Church members want rope used and by a refer ence to the article in question it Is shown that a band of church members of Hunter don In New Jersey headed by Rev C S Woodruff who is said to be holding forth in Flemlngton the same state appeared before Governor Stickes and made a joint vehement protest against further executive Interference with the Infliction of capital punishment upon one John Schuyler convicted of a capital offense and said to hive been three times reprieved That such conduct Is almost without precedent Is unquestioned but coming at a time when the universal trend of public opinion is against the infliction of legal punishment In forms bordering upon brutality and humanity it Is somewhat astonishing that the followers of Calvarys Lamb should be demanding that the rope be used In this particular case presumably for the ma licious pleasure of having a neck cracked under an edict of law Hanging has been a form of inflicting capital punishment in Christian countries for centuries In times gone past it Was Imposed for the most trivial offenses Un der the Ulackstonlan and Denthamlc regime during the common law period in Englanu the death penalty was Inflicted in cases of forgery upon proven guilt The Idea was that forgery was so tempting and so easy of commission that drastic measures were demanded for Its suppression From the growing humanity of the juries there came a change In the law Juries were unwilling to bring in a verdict of guilty where the punishment could only be death In sucn cases where tho amount In controversy was trivial The result was that innumer able forgeries went unpunished and that form of crime rapidly spread all over tho country until the bankers and financiers petitioned the parliament to repeal the law and substitute lengthened terms of im prisonment in its stead This had the de sired effect for forgery soon showed signs of diminution All this carne about how ever through the promptings of a higher motived humanity Upon cie same princi ple we might go further and assume that we have no moral right to pay another man through legal forms to do that which we would be ashamed to do ourselves Unless memory be In error the legisla ture of New Jersey has abolished death by hanging as a medium of inflicting the high est penalty and substituted the electric chair If this be true then in any event this would be the last legal hanging in that state and it appears that the citizens of that community wish to avoid the disgrace of having such a punishment imposed in their surroundings But this is evidently unlike the Christian spirit The latter de mand that the hanging take place There is no mercy no forgiveness no vicarious atonement no pleading for a lost soul but a firm and rigid Insistence upon the fulfill ment of a brutal law In order to gratify a base desire for revenge Assuming that the murderer has repented of his act then upon death his soul will be jerked to glory Instanter In the course of time these same Christians who are now demanding the use of the rope expect to reach tho same destination and wo now wonder if these can dwell together In unity peace and concord upon meeting over there for be It known that of such Is the kingdom of heaven CANNED SERMONS SPECIALTY Canned goods has been a rage in Amer- Ica Every conceivable variety of food has been canncu placed upon the market and bought for home consumption Fruits vegetables meats cereals in fact every thing that could be canned has been and Immense profits have been realized To a great extent Industrial and commercial necessities have led to such measures ana the prediction has been made that It Is only a question of time before one or other of the big monopolistic combines will un rIf IIthoucessfully canned and made to reproduce It self This success has opened up u wide variety of possibilities Could the phonograph have been In use during the days Jesus is said to have walked the earth and worked among tho Jews it would have been a great catch for him to have stood before a phonograph and repeated his sermon on the amount that the tone and manner of his voice could have been pre served for underneath posterity But such was not the case The Invention was known to Jesus and his followers Neither could forsee such a possibility But there i are means of recuperation at hand It Is now reported that a score of prams phone records have been made by musicalIartists In Paris that these been solemnly placed In vacuum containers said as solemnly burled In the crypt of the Paris Opera House Under the agreement by which they were made the containers are not to be opened until full one hundred Iiyears have elapsed when they are to bo opened and tho records thus made re produced to a wondering people in the next century Just Imagine the extent to which this scheme could be carried out If one of our most orthodox mammon serv ing parsons could be induced to preach for one of these records and then turn it loose n century hence tho people would then be able to form an estimate of the value of Christian propaganda in this day and age and wo can imagine the supremo contempt that would be displayed Sup rose Kr Aked tho Imported Dr Park hurst the rampant or any of the time serving parsons of tine present could be duced to make one of these records for a century of preservation what think yo the people of the next century would say con cerning them Suppose the Pope of Rome should read one of his encyclicals Into it what startling effect would It have on tho generations to follow Then the advertise ment Canned sermons a specialty OUSTED BY PRAYER Prayer and faith may not bo able to move mountains In spite of tho contrary teaching and preaching but acordlng to tho statement of Mrs Henry Lewis a resident of Oklahoma City Oklahoma her god that Is the particular god she worships has through her faith and prayer removed a family of bugs from their residence In her nasal organ Although the lady expresses her devotion and belief In the Great Physician it Is not reported whether ho has sent In his bill for fees as most physicians do It Is to bp presumed that as lBLUEGRASS BLADE 7 earthly physicians fall In the collec IIman of fees for services rendered this Physician has personal experiences of a similar character The new testament reports that when his son cured ten lepers only one returned to even thank him for the job and It is probable that the same proportion of gratified demonstration is manifested today The report states that Mrs Lewis while attending a revival service had the mis fortune to have a bug crawl up her nose The most violent sneezing failed to dis lodge it The bug settled down and built sprangMoriginal bug was simply a squatter with a prior claim to the territory having been the squatter refused to budge Jfestablished good and ready to emigrate it never occurred to the unfortu herJand had missed that revival the bug would never have got there in the first place The original visitation and settlement was not looked upon by Mrs Lewis as an act of god but the divine afflatus is supposed to have so worked upon the mother bug through prayer and faith that site brdke camp and carried off her progeny to other and more inviting parts It may be that the original settler the pioneer bug haa found that the accommodations were too cramped for any further increase of the colony and overpopulation created a cessity for emigration In any event it was n case of claimjumping with which the Lord had to be called In to settle the pute Mrs Lewis claimed priority of right over the bugs regarding the claim in dispute and with tho Lord on her side as special arbitrator she won out The bugs might have stood Mrs Lewis off had she contended alone but no sooner did the Lord butt In than the settlers vamoosed and left Mrs Lewis in undisputed posses sion We can express sympathy with any man or woman in distress but when the pre posterous claim Is made that the Lord had Intervened to cause the uninvited bugs to vacate the premises in that a writ of forcible entry and detainer would not have reached the controversy the absurdity of religion and the follies It Inculcates become subjects of ridicule SUCH A HOLINESS IT WASI A papal benediction specially applied and administered is usually a costly ex periment and can only be had upon a largo money payment The ordinary merchant ambitious striving reaching out for now business will of a necessity indulge in a large amount of advertising This method is adopted to let the public know that the merchant has a certain line of goods to and that he Is anxious to dispose of them At times great bargains are offered The advertisement informs wouldbe pur chasers of his line of goods that he is still doing business at the same old stand and acts In a general way as an Invitation Turning over the recent accounts of the wedding of Miss Vanderbilt to the Hunga rian Count with the sneezy name It is tremely Interesting to observe that Pope Pious X transmitted his apostolic bene diction to the newly wedded pair and that he also sent special word to them that he hoped that within a short time thereafter ho would be able to Impart his blessing to them at the Vatican in person It is also reported that the benediction was sent to New York front Rome by cable addresseu to Archbishop Farley who in turn trans mitted it to Mgr Lavelle who performed tho marriage ceremony and in turn de livered it to tho contracting couple Con sidering tho several channels of holiness through which this benediction passed it should be possessed of greater power on tho principle that the holiness gathered in volume as it went The benediction might have been bad enough but when Miss Vanderbilt had to buy a count along with it the personal mcumbrances are sufficient to counterbalance the effect At any rate Miss Gladys took the count with Mgr Lavello as officiating umpire and if we can judge by the past it will not be so long be fore she will take tho count in some court of chancery with a judge thereof as referee But why should tho papal benediction be so recklessly bestowed in this instance and denied to Bridget and Pat when they en ter the marriage state All tire of the same clay molded by the same divine hand and all made In the Image of deity Ah Friends Behind it all lurks tho secret longing for gold that metal by which power is bought Poor Bridget has none Miss Vanderbilt has enough to furnish her noaccount count with spending money for life Rome also has an eye on it A bene diction Is worth something but when an invitation is extended to visit the Pope in person and receive a blessing at his hands it means more cash for the cnurch and his Holiness has one eye on the business end of the Vatican The new countess will got tyro blessing for weal or woe The pope will get tho Vanderbilt cash for material as well as spiritual welfare Both will bt satisfied and happy The Pope will con tinue to grant benedictions and blessings on a cash basis and Miss Vanderbilt shine in tho Hungarian courts until her liege lord liar been ablo to buy himself a decent suit of underwear with her money and yet people wonder why its so 1 Jj L J AN ORTHODOX GRAB GAME When a truly pious person Is In trouble that trouble is carried to the Lord in prayer When pious fakes get into a troversy they dare not trust to the Lord but prefer a court of law and human justice is made of higher regard than divine congregation of tho Christian church at Valley Junction la has accused their former pastor Rev L W McCray of de liberate theft in that they charge him with taking and carrying away from their jurIsdictional care and scrutiny one dining hall and act held to be against the peace and dignity of the state Under stand the dining hall in controversy Is of a public character and profits in cash are to be extracted therefrom This is the cause of the dispute The preacher averts that the hall belongs to him and that he had resigned his pastorate in order to run it admittedly for the sake of the profits realized therefrom The preacher Is reported to have operated it successfully and now the congregation claiming him as their pastor demands a divvy The parson refuses to take them In on the deal and a shuffle is demanded with some judge presiding over the game One may sup pose that like all church Institutions of a similar character the dining hall was a cast of deliberate hold up with malice aforethought and with intent to over charge In the first place both preacher and congregation ought to have known better It must have been an arrant hum bug a fact suggested by the statement that the dining hall was operated in con junction with tho Iowa State Fair and known as the Wayside Inn Of course the parson was onto his job He did not wish to muster In as a parson and run a way side Inn at the same time hence his resig nation but he did expect the congregation to work for hint It appears that the con gregation did labor and turned many of the fair visitors to the Inn which resulted In splendid profits but alas and alack tho profits accruing front the enterprise went into tho parsons pocket and then the con gregation god mad and flew to the courts Gentle Reader This quarrel is not over or concerning some lost soul some one to be saved from the divine wrath to come but over a few golden coins that each side expects to jingle for the glory of god and personal pleasures of tho respective claim ants Why worship they not god Instead of mammon t The best way to get the Blade into more hands is to fill out that subscription blank and mail to us as directed 7 T s T 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher 1268 N Limestone St Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 160 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remit tance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single otJnSIo cents one month or four insertions ni months 500 one year 800 Quarter column single one Insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year column whole column or larger adver tisements at special rates upon application The publishers have the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show subscribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal in case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this office giving both old and new d desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126128 North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is entered at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mail Ing matter- ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky irh iri +XM1t Editorial THE VALUE OF CRITICISM That the Blade should be deemed a traitor to truth by reason of permitting the publication of ideas not in accord with its teaching is a strange and startling proposition The truth has nothing to fear from criticism The truths of Freethought demand and invite criticism Having extended the invitation and insisted upon the de mand it would be an act of cowardice to close the doors against discussion It is impossible to secure honest discussion with the elements mentioned by the Blades critics and having en couraged discussion and invited criti cism the Blade must and shall forever stand as an open forum wherein truth may be dissected and in the dissection its strength will be made manifest The Blade can sympathize with Mr Kerr in his struggle to build up a society of free men and women but that building can never be won nor can the society flourish where narrow mindedness prevails Thought must not be imprisoned in an iron cage Liberty demands that thought shall be as free as air and as universal as the morning dew Claiming to be free liberal and humanitarian we violate those essential principles when we ruthlessly close our doors against those who differ with us fund deny them the same privileges we enjoy and demand for ourselves If ortho doxy is hidebound Freethought cannot be else we belie the name Following the same line of conduct in the publication of this paper where by we give space to Mt Kerrs criticism though manifestly unjust the Blade conscious of its integrity to truth has published articles upon sub jects of economics with which its ed itor does not agree but that disagree ment does not lead the editor into that great error of ruling against the cause because he does not advocate it ill person If there is any intelligent Christian in the wide world who can write an interesting article on his be lief sincerely believing that we are wrong and he is right our columns arc open to him we of course reserv ing the right to criticise what he has to say and our readers have access to make reply to him This is the Blades policy and it ex pects to adhere rigidly thereto no matter the criticism It is not adverse to criticism On the contrary it wel comes all honest criticism On this ground Mr Kerrs criticism is wel comed The Blade is not perfect We know this Honest criticism may induce improvement if not the crit icism would be useless The Blade does not complain because it has been criticised in that it fully realizes the impossibilityof agreement upon all questions Viewed in this light the Blade can see no valid reason or ex cuse why its policy should be changed to the exclusion of all matter that floes not comport with the principal obcct of its teaching and mission The more criticism we have the bet ter for these expose our faults where the praise of our friends spur us along certain and definite lines The Blade was gratified to notice that one of its recent editorials on the subject of nothing being necessary as a substitute for Christianity was reproduced with credit in the London Freethinker Being the most progres sive uptodate Freethought publica tion in the civilized world The Blade also considers it an honor at the recognition accorded Such manifesta tions of approval are always encour aging especially to one who was com pelled by necessity to assume such a burden as that of editing a Free thought publication THE MATERIALISTIC CONTROVERSY The discussion that is now going qn between the Secretary of the Ma terialists Association her friends anfJ critics is assuming quite an interesting phase as bringing into the crucible of thought the different names and appellations used by men to designate particular forms of re ligious belief or disbeliefs vivisecting them as it were and by comparison to make their value and each lAlland about the godidea From the ignorant and superstitious past men have held and taught various conflict ing notions concerning god that out of such u confused mass of thought it is almost an impossibility to extract any clear idea It is undoubtedly true that polytheism was the original con ception of a godgoverned universe Different natural phenomena were be lieved to be controlled by a different set of deities The ancients could not harmonize the thought of a good and wise deity dispensing suffering and torture and these were attributed to bad deities Not until centuries had passed away did Monotheism set indi this notion held and taught by Judaism did not satisfy the Christian Iolicvcr mid the latter invented three gods rind became a worshipper at the Trinitarian shrine Upon this subject Freethinkers hold liviise views The extremes if they may be termed such are found in Agnosticism and Atheism The former is an avowal of having no know ledgo on the subject a position as sumed by many brilliant minds but the more daring go even further and while refusing to deny god lacking the knowledge necessary to justify such a denial simply announce an op position to Theism whatever it is and in all its forms and this is Atheism For years the Atheist stood upon that ground but it remained for Hugh 0 Pentecost of New York to make an open public declaration of a denial of god on the ground that as thoITheist was unable to prove god and that which was incapable of proof was really unproven he had a right to deny until such proof was offered that would satisfy the inquiring mind Modern schools of thought are in I J cr BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 positgod does not exist The Atheist simply stands in a neg ative attitude He regards the world of phenomena as being sufficient unto itselfand does not see the necessity of referring to an underlying and all comprehensive unity To this critical mind nothing earn possibly have an ultimate origin or destiny An ad mission that any ultimate existed at either end must necessarilly imply de sign and the Atheist can perceive no design A close study of natural phe nomena fails to reveal any dramatic tendency in tho succession of events and there is no reasonableness in thet universe of matter save that with I r which human fancy has unwarrantbly endowed it And yet in all this infi nite diversity the Atheist can perceive order and precision whereby like causes will produce like events but he reasons that it is so because it could not be otherwise and this immutability is the bed ock of modern science One of the insurmountable diffi culties that confronts the Theist is his inability to describe or explain his deity and to bring within human un derstanding and conception what he means by god With the ignorant and uneducated the god theory is presented in legendary form wherein the deity is accorded human attributes mull passions and when narrowed down to its final analysis this is the only idea of an intelligent deity for all other notions presented or ob tainable arc too vague to have any value so far as an honest investigation is concerned For this reason all at tempts to study god to seek god and to find god out from the workings of the physical universe have met with repeated discouragement and at last the idea of god completely aritters away and is reduced to an empi ab straction ference Wo are justified by fact in the that every known idea and every concievable theory of god exist ing in the mind of man today proper ly denominated as orthodox have been acquired by inheritance and not by investigation Persons holding these bequests look with dread and misgivings upon any study of the question Confront them with a fact which seems to contradict their ideas of the god theory and they will at once question the fact and refuse to investigate their theory Wedded to the old notions they quickly sound the alarm and honest investigation is de neid even intellectual toleration These live in perpetual dread of the dawn of that day when science shall forever banish god from the world buy in spite of this feeling each for ward step compels a retreat upon the orthodox lines and thinking man is compelled to contemplate the universe from another and different point of view We arc told that the fool hath said in his heart there is no god but greater fool is he who wouldassert jod tend yet unable to offer one iota of proof thereof Then after all we are driven to Atheism or Materialism as the only rational explanation of the universe thus offered Never in all the worlds great history has knowledge made such a rapid growth as during the past century Mens minds are be coining more susceptible to truth the orthodox resistance to innovation is weakening and intellectual demands lire still multiplying PUSHING AND PULLING Push and Pull Did you ever face a swing door with the above posted on either side They are extremes and their work ings sine exactly in the opposite di rection Men are governed by much the same conditions Those who expect to court success through a pull have a splendid chance to die disap pointed The men who use push to get there stand a betel chance to win and very often reach the desired goal To which category do you belong Are you pulling or pushing Pause for a moment in front of that door The word pull stares at you The door has teinporarilly arrest your progress Your road lies through it and beyond it To pull causes you to halt and so much of your time has been lost Now take the other side under similar conditions and desires As you approach the door you observe the world II pushand you put forth- t lii ncccssiiry force to open it and walk right on without hesitation or you ever go through such an experience If you have you can un derstand what is meant by tho pro cesses above described Pushing hurts nobody but it is a mighty help Pulling is as apt to retard as it is to assist There are lots of people in this world who expect to get through it on their pull The larger and preponderant portion of them fail In other words they never get there The man who uses push and relies upon his own vigor and energy usual ly makes a mark and rises to a posi tion of importance to his fellows The pushing man is the strong man to whom tho weaker ones will look in times of trouble and emergency The pulling man is a mental and physical cripple who is waiting for somebody to do something for him Suppose that swing door represents opportunity Now what are you go ing to do Stand waiting for a pull No none of that Get busy and push it open and pass through without halting or hesitation If Freethinkers are ever to win decisive battle in their great fight against organized superstition they have to get busy and push To stand MiicaAvbcrlikc waiting for something to turn up in the shape of a pull menus irretrievable loss and ruin IN MEMORIAM Two years ago or on the 7th day of February 1906 the founder and editor of this paper passed away and today there are thousands who mourn the loss of Charles Chilton Moore His death was a serious blow to the Blade Many of his friends doubted if it could surive the death of that gal lant captain who had stood at its helm through stress and storm in fair weather and foul and to be candid while determined to do the best we could we had misgivings in the same direction Its appearance today and its steadily increasing associations suggests that the storm and season of doubt has safely passed over and the Blade will soon be out of the troubled waters During the two years of our editorship we have been constantly reminded of our shortcomings as com pared with the greatness of him who gave the Blade its existence It has been one of the ambitions entertained that we make the Blade a perpetual monument to his memory And yet just as the course has been fraught with danger and toil we can view the future with a greater complacency we chat contemplate with greater and brighter hopes in that the experience gained has been profitable in many ways It is with a profound reverence and a feeling of love and respect to Charles Chilton Moord that wo pen these few lines to his name and mem ory demonstrating to those who with us gave him their love that although he is gone ho is not forgotten l 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLASPHEMY IN ENGLAND The Blade extends its hearty con graoilatious to G W Foote and the iNiatioual secular Society of England of which he is President upon the sub stantial results achieved oy him in his defense of Air Boulter of London who had been arrested and indicted for blasphemy- In the issue of the Freethinker of January 19alir Foote gives a par tial history of the proceedings obtained to the tIme of publication and one gratifying change produced is that the purpose of the prosecution to try its victim behind closed doors a sort of Star Chamber proceeding in order to fool and deceive the public has been knocked into a cocked hat through the friendly offices of Mr Fooie and the trial must now be had in open court and in public Tile spe cious and hypocritical pretense had been made that the information was unfit to be read in open court whereas upon investigation the revel ation was made that it was a charge of blasphemy nothing even indicative of obscenity appearing in any portion of the instrument Thus the shallow ness and hypocracy of tlC prosecution was exposed and Air Foote scored a signal triumph writingfurtherthe case The trial was put off until February no date mentioned in the Freethinker and the daily press of London have broke through the conspiracy of silence as to make caustic comment upon the case It is reported that the prosecution sought to deny Foote admission to the court room while the preliminary examination was in progress on the ground that he was a part of that very interesting public which had been M kindly and considerately excluded but he insisted that us the representatives of the press were permitted to remain he as edi tor and representative of the Free thinker also had a right to be present and in spite of authority and objec tion Air Foote courageously forced his presence upon them This was for tunate for Air Boulter in that Air Footes presence and his energetic watchfulness caused the prosecution to suddenly reverse its tactics and prospects now look brighter for this latest victim ofn fanatical religious system Let us express the hope that Air Foote will secure the liberty of his protege and drive another nail in the coffin of religious tyranny Under the same blasphemy laws AIr Foole spent one year in prison because oi a pictorial publication in the Free thiuKer leis incarceration could have ueeu avoided had stir Foote huertyoutstate ne ueclmed accept liuerty on such an issue His cOlleague Unarles urauiaugh was also prosecuted on the same charge out lie nought the whole prosecution and almost single handed without scarcely a cent m ms pocket deieated theniand was uevurcouvicted Itichurd Carlile spent nearly ten years in prison for the liberty of the press lUlU now pair Foote with no personal feemig m the case interested only in that great principle of liberty the her itage of ail mankind has taken hold of this present prosecution m such a manner liS to maice the bigots quail The Blade has gone through similar experiences Its previous editor spent six months m prison as part of a two year sentence by a pious judge and was released through the clemency of the late President AicKiiiley its pres ent editor was then its publisher and was prosecuted along witheditor Moore escaping with the imposition of a line which had to be paid Because of these experiences because of the past history of Freethought both in lilugland and America the Blade wishes the greatest possible success to Aljr Foote and his colleagues in the present undertaking in behalf of Air Boulter No time should be wasted no effort should be spared no energy dissipated that is calculated to disarm the Chris tian superstition of its power over the human mind and every agency struggling to that end should be brought to work along parallel lines COMFORT TO A Die ING FAITH What must we do to be saved The question reputed to have been put to Jesus now nearly two thousand years ago is being propounded today by advocates of Christianity to each other and small satisfaction is to be found in any of the answers made Unable to detect the one efficient cause of the decline of Christianity and unwilling to look a bald truth in the face they invent devious excuses for exasperating conditions and exist upon a mere hope that the future may furnish the problem they have vainly sought Every religious leader can see the result but they lire unwilling to admit the cause- Confronted by empty pews and a a 0 falling off in church membership these blind leaders of mental cripples pro fess to find consolation in the belief that they do not suggest a decadence orthodox beliefs and that those who claim to see a weakening of church power over the people are indulging in needless alarm But still the fact re mains that the masses remain mute and indhicrcut to the solemn appeals of the church bells and as a rule most preachers discourse to empty pews every Sunday If we contrast these conditions with those of a century ago the public in dilierence towards the present church power becomes more definiteiy marked Many are living today who can remember tho crowding of the old family pews the long and uninteresting ser mon the strict way in which Sunday was devoed to bible reading to the singing of psalms and hymns the extreme religious torture and orthodox gloom that prevailed on Sunday such minds cannot help being impressed with the transitional nature of our time The man or woman who does not go to church on Sunday is no longer looked upon with scorn A ramble through fragrant fields has supplanted the stealthy tread upon the carpeted aisles and tho song of the rippling waters furnishes a stronger attraction than thci monotone of the drawling sermonizer Brighter and happier thoughts are occasioned by a glance at Natures coloring than by gazing upon windows of stained glass In the old days nearly every one attended church partly from personal desire partly from fear and partly from tra dition It was not altogether principle ihat controlled them There were many even in those days who would liked to have broken through the or thodox restraints but dared not They dreaded the condemnation of their neighbors and the denunciations of the pulpit even moro than they feared the wrath of God But what a change The transformation is com plete The parson is no longer tho dic tator lle is now a persistent suppli ant The triumph of tho people over priestcraft has wrought an attitude of intelligent indifference towards the ghosts of orthodox beliefs Jni order to arrest the speedy decline of the church speedy remedies are sug gested The Presbyterians propose to inaugurate a hunt for the sheep who have strayed away from tau fold Real izing the futility of any further effort upon the masses outside future ener gies are to be directed towards protect ing these already in the corral to pre BLUE GRASS BLADE 1I vent them getting away In other words this sect proposes to strengthen itself from within rather than from without which is a practical surrender of the entire position Missionary effort has failed The art of proselyting has not proven a success From a cam paign of offensive aggression they turn supportsdIChe kept closely housed up in the stove warmth of the church and not per mitted lk sniff the bracing morning air This is the last stand of militant orthodoxy but in the repression hinted at iiS inherent weakness is exposed Front another viewpoint the Ilonii lectic Review of New York professes to find a satisfaction in the belief that this loss is not a vital one to the church and that the indifference of the masses is amply compensated for by the steadfast faith and meaning of those who do no doubt when the great boast of Christendom has been in yetbreethoughtfew crumbs of comfort to console it in its dying days All of our readers have been afforded an ample opportunity to judge of the Blade in its new dress find under its new arrangement Many have written to us concerning it These are good signs as they show an interest in its welfare This interest ought to he catching for the more universal it becomes the more successfully eau the slumbering elements of Frcethought lie roused to greater and more useful activity BLADE PUBLICATIONS Wo desire to direct the attention of our readers to the Blade Publications advertisements of which appear else where in the paper In addition to these we purpose from time to time to utilize tiny good article appearing in the columns of the Blade for missionary work and will cause a number of leaflets to be printed for distribution which may be had at the actual cost of publishing the same This we take it is a splendid work as it fur nishes many with an argument which they might not he able to offer other Wilsons Trip to Rome ought to have all extensive circulation and should not be confined to Frecthought readers A copy of this book placed in the hands of a Christian believer who is inclined to think will go far toward convincing him of the fallacies of his religious claims and pretensions Add to this a copy of Dog Fennel in the Orient and the preposterous claims made in behalf of Palestine and the socalled Holy Lands will be absolutely exploded These books may be bought for 125 each or ifa copy of each is bought at the saute time we will stud them to any address in the United States and Canada for 225 putt paid As offering a cheaper way of reaching orthodoxy we refer you to The Virgin Mary and The Sacrament both by M Crier Kiddcr which fire sold for 10 cents each or twelve copies for 100 There is a sure enough laugh at every reading of these vig orous pamphlets In a recent magazine comment was made upon the increasing number of enlistments in the army and navy The writer pointed to these as favorable signs of growth find develop ment To our mind they are evidences of tliscjise as much so as priestcraft Both priests and soldiers are destruc tioniss The one kills the mindand the other kills the body The one makes for mental stagnation the other for physical mutilation Civili zation demands that both shall be eradicated Both are Old Men of the Sea entwined about the neck of the Social Sinbad Every new truth is an obstacle in superstitions path and finding lodgment in a fertile mind or brain makes stronger for intellectual freedom The Blade works for that glorious consum mation It may not accomplish much but it will continue to do its best Our suggestion is that you strive to get the Blade into the hands of as ninny of your friends as possible Orthodox comes from a miserable orthodoxy Is it not a suggestive fact that all monarchs an seriously pious Tile materiality of the orthodox heaven and hell is proven by the fact that the conditions of both are matic Dont you think this ia good time to get your neighbors and friends to subscribe for the Blade Every timo n preacher passes the hat and takes up a collection as a con- sideratift for pretending to save souls front eternal wrath ho knows ho is guilty of fraudulent pretense Why should a future life be the sole desire of malt The mere thought of meeting again after death could never console for the loss ofa dear friend now We want our friends now We want them with us just as they are and just as we have learned to love them There can be no great joy in the belief that some time in the hereafter we may meet with only a part ofour friends under different condi tions and circumstances If the life to come is unlike the life that is and our friends are not to be the same as they are now there is small consolation in the Christian dream of immortality The godidea is merely a savage concept and has never served a really useful purpose It has been utilized as a means of trading upon the fears and passions of mankind to the profit manyliretion of mans mental babyhood The universe will then appear to man as goblinsliverya creation is not essential in any part of the economy of Nature We wish to let our readers know that W II Cox of Marietta Ohio was publishedmemory of that sterling patriot We had unintentionally omitted his name therefrom PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED ToMorrow Chicago Ill Truthseeker New York City Sunflower Hamburg N Y The Clarion London Eug The Freethinker London Eng Richard II Menifee by John W Town send The Red Flag Abbeville La Magical Mbses by Ernest Pack Bradford Eng- DemiGods DemiDamned by Malfew Seklew Bradford Eng Peoples Press Chicago Journal of Man Chicago Ill Universalist Herald Canon Ga The Truth About God Great Bend Kansas Holcombe Journal Holcombe Wis Press Cleveland Ohio Here fund Now Kansas City Mo Literary Digest New York Appeal to Reasons Girard Kansas Daily Journal Marietta 0 True Word Bryn Mawr Wash J 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE J N N N N N N N N N N N N H H N H N N H N H H N H N H H N N 1 + X Pope as a Poet of Freethought X J H N H N N N H N N N N H N H N N N N N H N N N N N H H N N An Essay on the Immortal Lyric With tracts to show Attitude of Popes Mind Concerning Nature and Natures Laws By John F Clarke Alexander Pope bore in 1088 wax born to a lite of misery to himself and pleasure to others A mortal malformation und an immortal genius In the Memoir of Pope as given in niy Pope it is said that Pope was a nominal lUmiun Catholic Phenomenally iunuUeslmal Is any trace of auucr once lu Jus worKS by their fruits snail yo know than juugmg by Popes fruit shall say that he was a Diest with a small d In hU essay on man he starts oil with this un canonical statement Say first of God above or Man below What can we reason by from what we know Inure is much more sarcasm than of ortho doxy in this Hope Uuuiuly then with trembling pinions soar Wait the great teacher death and God above Wlat future blips lie gives not thee to know But gives that nope to be thy blessing now Iiot springs eternal in the human heart Man never is but always to be blest The soul uneasy and confined from home Rest and expiates in a life to come The Hue irony of Pope is seen in this Yet cry If mans unhappy Gods unjust If man alone engross not Heavens high care Alone made perfect here immortal there Snatch from Ilis hands the balance and the rod Rejudge His justice be the god of God In pride in reasning pride our error lies All quit their sphere and rush into the skies Pride still is aiming at the blest abodes Men would be angels angels would be gods Aspiring to be gods if angels fell Aspiring to be angels men rebel And who but wishes to invest the laws Of Order sins against the Eternal Cause The Materialistic and the spiritualistic see saw all through this poem But errs not Nature from this gracious end From burning suns when livid deaths descend When earthquakes swallow or when tempest sweeps Towns to one grave whole nations to the deep t No tis replied the first Almighty Cause Acts not by partial but by general laws The exceptions few some change since all began rr And what created perfect t Why then Man t If the great end be human happiness Then nature deviates and can man do less If plagues or earthquakes break not Heavens design Why then a liorgia or a Cataliuei Who know but He whose hand the light ning forms Who leaves old ocean and who wings the storms Pours fierce Ambition in a Ceasars mind Or turns young Auiuion loose and scourge mankind t From pride from pride our very reasning springs Account for moral as well as natural things Why charge we lleuvii In those in these acquit- In both to reason right is to submit All are parts of one stupendous whole Whose body Nature is and God the soul All nature is but art unknown to thee All chuuc6 direction which thou canst see All discord having not understood All partial evil universal good And spite of pride in erring reasons spite One truth is clear Whatever is is right All this shows that Pope was a Deist and there is no trace of Christ in the Essay on Man As Deists are not persecutors of men we can admire the Deist although we do not fall in with his conclusions If Pope had lived until our day he would have known u few things that he did not know and al though he could have seen evidence of planets being thrown out of orbit without the whole chain being broken and ho would have found in evolution something beyond pride Could he come back today he would have to revise his argument As a literary master piece The Essay stands high As a meta physical argument it was sublime in Popes time Pope was as far in advance of his time as Voltaire was in his or Ingersoll in his He gave us the test that his honest thought could produce Atheism was just beginning to let itself be heard in quiet corners Popes environment did not allow of disbelief in God As a Catholic in early youth I sup pose that he made supplication to Mary and her Son for alleviation of pain and did not get any response Therefore he ignored them in his metaphysical works His philos ophy of submission to Nature was what the French call a deneir resort or the lost pin in the cushion and was durn near all that he could do Ho had lIen taught the r r necessity of worshipping something and no called Nature God Ho set up his altar to Nature and poured forth his pretty prayers lIe pretended to see purpose in earthquakes but did he see any real purpose in a brilliant mind wedded to a wretched body t Pope was a genius and has an enviable repu tation as a poet and logician It is idle for the Catholic Church to claim him when that church is afraid to read his argument in public As a ritual the Essays on Man has any mass or sermon ever delivered in that church beaten a mile and several laps The Protestant churches are also afraid of Pope in the Pulpit although they aro ready enough to use him in attempted confutation with an Atheist- If the fullfledged Catholics were as clear and forceful as this nominal Catholic Catho licism would be as Hyperion was to a Satyr Pope was a freethinker If only all men were such i X Xt- t CrapseyMangassarian Debate l X oX Result of the Great Forensic Battle on the Historical Personality of Jesus as Viewed by a Blade Writer By Harriet M Cliz On the evening of January a great throng of people assembled in Orchestra Hall Chicago to listen to the Crapsey Mangas arian debate The subject was Resolved that Jesus is an historical person with Dr Crap- Alllrmativc Mr Mangassarian Negative tSeveral city reporters wrote diligently as though a verbatim account were being made but the morning pepers contained only a few paragraphs of the controversy Evidently the momcntuous question of Eternal Joy or everlasting damnation of the human race which must rest upon the proof or disproof of whether Jesus lived docs not seem to very strongly impress the Chicago publishers and us no vote was taken to decide the case fear the pit of perdition still yawns for the credulous but unregeneratcd Christian Dr Algernon Crapsey of Rochester N Y will be remembered by Blade readers as thetEpiscopal minister who was tried for heresy because ho rejected the miracles and deniedwtho truth of the immaculate conception The Doctor stated in his opening address that he had spent 30 years in the study of the Bible and history and that to him Jesus was as clear in history as Caesar Soc rates or Alexander That ho was as well defined in the gospel of Mark as the bones of the Mastodon in the earth He however made tho mistake of seeking to prove his contention by citing only bible evidence and stated that the great fact that Christianity J l Jlv r l fm r 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 was established and grew to such proportions and stood for so much good in the world was evidence to him of the historic personality of its originator who by the way was Paul instead of Jesus What bearing the peculiarities of a person can have upon the proof of historical integrity I do not know but Dr Crapsey gave us quite an extended delineation of the habits and methods of Jesus He said John the Baptist know things but Jesus knew men and motives It is quite refreshing to be informed that at least John the Baptist knew a few thing I hope he was not afflicted with the modem mania of knowing things that are not true Jesus was de scribed as a man of moodsjasat one time the impersonation of humility and again as serting his kingship which showed said Dr Crapsey ho felt himself especially favored of god though such favor did not exempt him from the very human propensity of anger and denunciation- If one is to judge from the hisses which greeted the opening remarks of Mr Man gassarian we would say that the latter characteristics have been transmitted to present day disciples of the Nazarene Taking up separately the reference made by his opponent Mr Mangassarian leader of the In dependent Religious Society of Chicago showed that the gospels are not reliable not being written by eye witnesses or written anonymously undated and some without be ginning or ending He reminded Dr Crapsoy that he Crapsey himself tall stated that the gospel of John was undoubtedly the least reliable of any I The London Spectator was quoted as say ing thatClanwe have been taught of Chri- tianity is practically disproved The gospels do not tell what Jesus said and Paul did not know or see him and no mention is made in the epistles of Jesus Christ Barnabus pne of the books suppressed by the church denied that Jesus was crucified nnd the Gnostic Sects contemporaries deny that Jesus lived or died It was shown by reliable historical quota tion that the references to Jesus y Joeplius aro fradulent and that forgeries innumerable were committed to bolster the institution of totmany books were written for no other pur pose Many references were cited to show that Christ was an idea a myth a figment of the brain likewise Jesus Returning to the fray Dr Crapsoy admitted that Christ is but an idea and said his ponent confused Jems the historical person with Christ the myth Ho also admitted that from 75 to 400 years Intervened between the alleged time of Jesus and the writing of tIle accounts of his life also that there was a great amount of traditional matter that had J boon inserted but still claimed that there was the residuum of truth He said that unhis torical matter did not discredit historical facts and that anyway the authorship of the gospels was not germain to the discussion He frankly said that there was much in the New Testament that was not historical and that anonymous authorship was a common custom In well as the attachment by the author of a great name to his manuscript and while he thought it was not a good habit it had to be accepted Referring to Pauls silence regarding Jesus the Doctor said he either did not know of him or did not consider it necessary to mention crucifixion was dwelt upon as proving that all great reformers are martyrs and while Dr Crapsey repudiates the miracles ho clings to the statement that the great fact of Christianity and its growth and work through the age is proof that Jesus was an historical person Replying Mr Mangasarian again reminded his opponent that there was no reference to Jesus except in the documents which Dr Crapsey discredits and as no other reliable witness had been quoted he could not see that Jesus was proved to be an historical to the great good claimed to have been done by Christianity Mr Man gasarian asserted that all acts of goodness had been forced by the powers outside of it that it never was just except under compulsion and cited tho great Christian Monarch of Russia as atypical example and with tragic gesture and intonation he continued What has Christianity done for my opponent f Why after 30 years of toil in tIle church its minions showed their gratitude in taking him by tho collar and kicking him out of their presence because he dared to harbor a human idea or think for himself How many good deeds would it be necessary for Christianity to perform to offset the horrors of the Span hh Inquisition which it inspired f What good can the system do that could parallel the mighty massacre of St Bartholomew What good can the religion of Jesus Christ accomplish to compensate for the desolation of homes for the torture of unbelievers for the wars of invasion for the filling of dun geons for the destruction of sciences and the burning of libraries Ah we can never recover from the thous and years of night precipitated by Christian ruleI have one objection to this claim of Christianity continued Mr Mangasarian and that is that it is not true and not until it is overthrown will we swing toward truth and justice I have here given but an indis tinct idea of the interest of this debate which the prominence of the speakers insured and the fact that it occurred disproves the con tention of so many that the Bible and church I teachings need give little concern and that they will finally fall of their own weight I however believe in hurrying the fall by a good hard body blow at every opportunity If effort will accomplish in ten years that which would require one hundred through natural process of disintegration let us tinue the effort and utilize the ninety remain ing years in the erection of tlo milemarks of wisdom in cultivating the charitable con science and in cutting loose the dragging anchor of love and liberty THE BLADE TERMED A TRAITOR TO TRUTH Continued from Page ond stage and the balance advance to the fourth stage where they have established and maintain a small foothold A very few have struggled on to the fifth position where they are now making heroic effort to establish a permanent foothold under tho name Church of Humanity The problem for them to solve is to get a firm organized hold on their posi tion and then throw out a strong educational line to all other positions to help the people up That line must reach to the first posi tion and take the children direct to the fifth position without stopping at the intermediate stations Stations numbered 3 and 4 can then be eliminated The educational contest must be between 5 and 2 for the posses m of those of station which is the worlds ceiving station This contest must continue until one of the parties is vanquished Sta tion 2 has practically all the machinery of organized society and gets first possession of the children It hold tho most of them and wins back most of thoso who stray away to the other stations If a fechrniioR of tile various factions in it on fundamentals in complished for politinl power against station it can If easily dor eyed Thoso of the other stations would side with 2 against 5 By joining the Materialist Association you claim to have advanced to 5 I want to ask you if it is sensible to furnish aid to 2 3 and 4 against 5 as you are doin by giving them free space to fight your own teachers By doing so you are a traitor to the truths you claim to know and to your own comrades How can you hope to win recruits for 5 by allowing 2 3 and 4 to fight it through your own publication Do not the thousands of teachers societies and publications devoted to errors have enough influence against without you turning traitor to aid them f Some of my comrades joined the Materialist Association and they would like to see a union of the societies But if your teachers are going to put in their time fighting each other and give the use of their publications to those who do not know the truths the Materialist Association teaches to fight its teachers I shall oppose a union to the last l4 BLUE GRASS BLADE IXt w I ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS OMER T GLENNMany thanks for your bountiful contribution A few more like unto yourself and only a few would soon make our path a rosy one Will con sider the suggested symposium JAMES GRAYThe postal laws will not permit what you ask but we have caused two copies to be mailed you each week While you have had just cause for com plaint it will not be likely to occur again CHARLES R KIMBERLY You are a lucky man If you ure not content now give up trying We appreciate your kind words and promised help We also wish yourself and wife abundant happiness JOSEPH HAIGH We have received the book gave brief attention to it but will fix up what you ask for in the course of a week or two J H SCHWARTZGlad you are pleased with the Blade Story has been received and will appear in a subsequent issue Many thanks Rush on those other matters A J PAGANReceived letter and re ply has been made in this issue Thanks for your Interest Write us again N W MARTINThe Blade is still do ing business at the same old stand and sample copies have been mailed to you If you have not found what you want address Peter Eckler Vesey Street New York City PETER BIMELER Paper and letter also received Comment has been made as per your suggestion We hope you will appreciate the effort W H COX Sample copies have ueen sent For your pleasure as well as for ourselves we wish you good luck J W BOWMANKeep digging Theres a turn In every tide Thanks for your kind words upon the improved appearance of the Blade- HERBERT TURNERThanks for clip pings Will send sample copies as you have advised JACOB GAYWe had expected to strike connection with the magazine form of the Blade You are real fortunate in having the services of John R Charlesworth and must congratulate you on your ability to retain him I shall try to send you a club of subscribers soon The Blade now undoubtedly is cheap at the price Long may it continue to clip off the heads of all serpents that get in its way either by ac cident or boldness Let them keep out of the Blue Grass Yours for the continued success of C C Moores paper and may his widow and his offspring ever bo proud of It CHAS R KIMBERLY Wants An Extra Copy- Millsboro Oregon Editor Blade I wish to know if I can get by paying for It two copies of the Blade every time In place of one not separately but rolled up together and if there will be any extra cost to that plan- I want to send a paper to my neighbors and friends sometimes I am ready to send 150 more as soon as I know it JAMES GRAY- a popular chord by giving portraits of Freethinkers This is an added expense but we propose to keep it up as long as wo can or until the store of subjects has been exhausted CORRESPONDENCE How He Enjoys The Blade Marshall Editor Blade Just at hand Blade In Now suit clothes noat and trim Like idea of photographs of Freethinkers Have often wondered why wo could not get a look at some of them J H SCHWARTZ More Congratulations Clrcleville Ohio Editor Blade You have certainly improved the Blue Grass Blade very much In appearance and the first issue Is almost free from omis slons and typographical errors A con tinuation of such carefulness ought to win many new subscribers especially In ISee Editorial Columns Highland Ill Editor Blade Will you kindly answer In the next Issue of the Blade the following ques tions Can a freethinker advocate Prohibition Wishing a big success to tin4 Blade I am AUG J PAGAN Shows His Faith In Cincinnati Ohio Editor Blade Enclosed please find postal money order for thirty dollars I hope you may have plain sailing for the Blade henceforward Will not Kidder contribute nn occasional article I would like to have his pamphlet that you advertise The Virgin Mary I had it several years ago but dont know just where to look for It at present We had to give up our Paine meeting for sev eral reasons one of which was that we did not go about the business soon enough Dr Wilson thinks that we shall be able to get up a big affair for January 29 I wish you would publish sometime this month the enclosed from the London Academy I doubt if the author was In reality halfway orthodox He doubtless found that ho could convey his meaning more promptly by the use of orthodox ex pression The little poem appeared in the London Academy several years ago I havo been thinking that possibly a Symposium on tho question of Immortal ity is it desirable and how can any one prove that it would or could be a state of uninterrupted happiness might prove a success But it may be a good plan to wait awhile say until the week after presidential as ever OMER T GLENN An Old Timer Olnoy Mont Editor Blade Will you please let me know If you are still publishing the Blue Grass Blade and the subscription price also if you can furnish the apochryphal part of the scrip ture that went in tho waste basket N W MARTIN See Current Comment Zoar Ohio Editor Blade Under separate cover I sent you copy of the Cleveland Press containing an ac count of tho famous Vanderbilt wedding where tho Infallible Pope has wired tho apostolic benedictionfor a slice of their millions of course 112 BLUE GRASS BLADE 15 I wish some good Blade writer like Wilson or Charlesworth would take up this matter and give the readers a real good article about It I do not consider myself able nor do I have tho time With my best wishes will I close PETER BIMELER The Doom of Qpgma marietta Ohio Editor Blade Have been waiting to receive copy of the Paine memorial issue of the Blade Hope you have not overlooked me Will start to work on club as soon as I can after receipt of paper I shall send you a copy one of our daily papers that contains bie address of the Rev E A Coil the tultarlan who delivered the main address- t the Paine memorial held here on the Loth This shows how the tide Is turning li our country Fifteen years ago a man would have been scoffed and scorned at tad he got up before a largo audience and Expressed himself on Paine as did Mr Coll and I expect to see in tho next fifteen Years every clergyman in our city as lib eral on this subject as he He ilv n few years In advance of them thats all Irwo weeks ago last Sunday I attended tho Congregational church and heard tho pastor admit that tho whole orthodox Church was going to pieces like a disabled ihlp in heavy gale and the church had to do something heroic to save herself from titer distraction Yea they seo tho landwriting on the wall It Is only a ques ion of time with them and they know It and they are doing all In their power to told the old rotton hulk up But she is linking She has sprung a leak at every team She is fast filling and Is bound ro to the bottom and the sooner she does ho better mankind will be The life preservers that will bo offered o her people has been offered by a few grave men that have had the courage to write against their rotten Creed and ogma W H COX THE BLADE IS K Spokane Wash Editor Blade Enclosed find to pay renew my ubscrlptlon which expired during July am glad to see you give space and voice t subscribers who have something of In rest appropriate for a paper like Blade enjoy the discussion of socialism as it carried on in your columns but I am iiiprlsed that a man like Mr Groh Isnt otter posted on economics for whenever person in discussing socialism uses tho rms dividing up dividing up with tho Lilftless dividing up with tho tramps etc then he lets the cat out of the bag and by these expressions Imparts the in formation that ho doesnt know anything not even the first principles regarding socialism I think Mr Groh should study the ques tion before going Into a discussion on same But he at least gives an oppor tunity to discuss the question and I en Joy It for all of that The Blade is K H T AHRENS A VETERAN IN THE CAUSE Covington Ky Editor Blade Enclosed please find three dollars 300 To be placed to my credit I am guilty of long delay on account of ex tremo age and chronic infirmities with a depleted exchequer You know next Sunday week the 26 Inst I shall celebrate my ninetysecond anniversary I have been under treatment of Dr J B Wilson one of your contributors more or less for the last year The Blue Grass Blade or Damascus Blade Is a welcome weekly visitor It compares well with other magazines only for Its egregious typographical errors you may not have a proof reader If you N N N N have he Is very careless as well as the type setters SILAS ROCKWELL RAILWAY MEN ATTENTION If you need a Watch to meet the new re quirements of the Railway Service study well and compare prices of these 18 size leverset Watches HAMPDEN Special Railway 23 Jewels 26 NEW RAIL WAY 23 Jewels 20 WALTHAM Van guard 23 Jewels 29 CRESCENT STR jewels 2250 same 19 jewels 845 new model Jewels 1850 Apple ton Tracy Co 17 jewels ELGIN Verltas 23 Jewels 29 Father Time Jewels 2250 B W Raymond 19 Jewels 20 same 17 Jewels 1850 All the above In or 4ounce Sllverine Screw Case prepaid with guarantee that each watch Is latest Improved grade specified new and perfect and will pass rigid railway Inspection Have advertised In this paper since first Issue- DIAMONDS PEARLS OPALS ETC- um an expert In this line and will save you 20 per cent If you will order of me Fngngcmnit and wedding rings a specialty Send for price list of watches not listed ahove Jewelry Freethought Badges Inger roll Spoons Rings Silver and Plated Ware nptlrpl Goods and my Tract Theism In The Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook County Illinois N N N N N N N +T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T THE TELEOMECHANICS OF NATURE s y yThe above entitled work in parts and 115 chapters treats of the source nature and functions of the subconscious minds or cellsoul as Prof Psychologistsfactors in tho evolution of plant and animal life nnd to the study of which I have devoted lifetime condensing my views and observations in the above 2+ volume It is devoid of all metaphysical speculation and from the ma of tscientifically demonstrated facts the reader will draw hi own conclusions regarding the tenability of the God and Immortality doctrines s Mrs Josephine K Henry of Versailles Ky President of The Free s thought Federation Of America writes as follows tReceived the Synopsis of your bookliThe TeleoMechanics of Nature tgreat profit and pleasure It has opened up great fields of thought to me I will keep your pamphlet near me perhaps it will bring more light as I read and ponder A world groping in darkness needs you You t+ + are certainly student scientist and philosopher nnd have scored several points against Haeckcl that it seems to me cannot be controverted I truly hope that Z your book will have a wide circulation in all lands and will be translated into + + many languages + + Prof Ernest Hneckel writes My dear Mr Wcttstein Your treatise in the form ofn Synopsis of 2your book The TeleoMechanics Of Nature being a commendable critique of my WorldRiddles has been received and rend with great interest While wo squestions notably the one relating to the consciousness sunconsciousnes in Nature sincerely hope that your masterly efforts will contribute much towards dispelling the obscurity and confusion pre s PhilosophyZetc tGreat Combination Offer A copy of the Synopsis a large 16 page pamph tcover price 10c n copy of Facts Worth Knowing con taming addresses of Ingersoll Pentecost and Mr Henry price 15c and Paines Ago of Reason price 25c 50c value ell sent prepaid on receipt s+ + of tho BladeZHERMANN WETTSTEIN 412414 Main Street Fitzgerald Georgia t- NN N N N N N N N N N NN NNN t1 i1f DOG FENNEL In THE ORIENT by Charles CVlton Moore started When a young man the author had out to walk through the Holy Lands on foot Reaching Paris he gave up the journey and returned home He made the trip by rail and boat about three ycijraUefore his death This book gives an account of what he saw and explodes numerous Christian myths It is especially suitable for a present Cloth Bound 350 Pages Postpaid 125 No Freethinker should be without it Address orders to BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky A TRIP TO ROME by DR J B WILSON The International Congress of Freethinkers was held in the City of Rome Italy Sep tember The author attended 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