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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, February 16, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908021601 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, February 16, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. BlfLJE GRA1S BLADEt Volume XVI Number 43 LEXINGTON KY F VARY i6 I o8 Published Weekly DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT I 2 BLUEGRASS BLAD- ENHNNNNNNNHNHNNNNNNNNHHNNNHHNH t i J 1 lJirut1rnii urit Arnutt bt Nnltuirt 1 TT in the Intellectual realm of the SUPREME century stands the name of Voltaire In thought and action he was almost a world unto himself Famous among his compeers as a man of literary merit and great perservance possessed of indomitable will and courage the clouds of orthodox bigotry and intolerance by which he was surrounded were unable to dim the bright lustre of his great glory and the name of Voltaire Is loved honored and respected throughout the civilized world at this day where liberty finds a resting place He was born at Chatenay France on the 20th day of Febru ary 1694 His correct name or that which he derived from his parents was Francois Arouet Marie was given to him as a Ibaptismal name in accordance with the Roman Catholic custom which is still prevalent many male members of the Catholic church assuming feminine names taken from the supposed saints upon being baptized The name Voltaire was self assumed and he did enough to make it famous among men of letters and a terror to the religious bigot and political tyrant The assumption of the name of Voltaire was also in accordance with custom as the younger members of the French nobility of the day and generation of Voltaire assumed names other and different from the family name So that In time while he was simply regarded as Voltaire his full name developed as it is above given from the causes mentioned into Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire His father at the time of his birth was treasurer to the Chamber of Accounts and was a prominent member of the French nobility His mother formerly Mile Marguerite de Aumart also came from a noble family of Poltou so that for wealth Voltaire was very happily situated and was not compelled to stifle opinion for the sake of a livelihood- It is recorded by ono of his biographers especially the Mar quis de Condorcet that Voltaire was born with but feeble health so much so that it was well marked and his baptism had to be deferred until November 22 of the same year of his birth which took place at the church of St AndredesArco at Paris The father of Voltaire had intended his son for the judiciary and it was his fond hope that some day he would have the sat isfaction of seeing his son on the bench He was first sent to the College of Jesuits to educated Most of the young French aristocrats were sent tothis institution as a means of educating them Into loyalty to church and crown At an early age V- olie saw tho hollowness and hypocrisy of both church and royalty pretensions and he soon gave publication to his earlier denunciations of both systems He was first a poet then came playwright later an essayist and developed Into one of the greatest militant philosophers of his day Now the fire of Voltaires zeal flamed forth nil over Europe and it withstood the assaults of the church The priesthood cowered before his bright genius and their combined efforts failed to extinguish its light He aimed at the very foundations of the church and throne the twin evils that have cursed mankind for centuries He chal lenged the divine rights of kings and laughed to scorn the preten sions of the priesthood He stabbed their dogmas with smiles and laid them low with his keen wit and biting sarcasm All this kindled within the clergy the fires of hatred and they lived in hopes of revenge They feared him living and they wished i h ii TT TT TTT+ + for his death but alas for them only to fear him more His doctrines had been widely promulgated throughout France and the people had learned to love and honor him In spite of clerical still a young man he found It necessary to leave France to Insure his personal safety He went to England Here the deep philosophy of Shaftsbury heightened by the commentaries of Bollngbroke and fanned into living fire by the embellish ments of Pope had produced a new school of deism which found a ready acceptance in the mind of Voltaire Let It be under stood that Voltaire was a deist He was practically of the same school as Paine and Franklin He did not question the existence of deity but he strove to break through the clouds of Igno rant superstition with which the clergy had surrounded the idea of deity This was his life work and he succeeded admirably The philosophy of Descartes was being discussed and this aided in the further development of the great genius of Voltaire The closing years of his active life were spent in his chateaurat Ferney situated on the borders of Switzerland and France For several years he lived and worked in Geneva Switzerland 1 because the authorities had made it too hot for him In his native land Here he bid defiance to both king end pope and today the visitors at both Ferney and Geneva hunt for relics of seeming triumph of the clergy was at hand In common with all humanity Voltaire could not live for ever He had to die During his declining years the priesthood waited with vehement Impatience Letters were written by august bishops and orders issued by priests in authority to the effect that at his death Voltaire should be denied interment In the regular burial grounds Only by trickery did he succeed in circumventing them and because of this trick which was played upon the Abbe St Sulfite the sacrament was administered by Voltaire feigning death and tho Abba Mignot gnu tho body burial at Romillion the Seine located about one hundred miles from Paris Voltaire died on May 30 1778 The next day the body was placed in a carriage and sat upright therein to resemble an invalid with a servant by its side Six horses were attached to the carriage in order to convey the Impression that It contained some nobleman on a journey and to prevent its molestationy enroute Then came a night of travel and the next morning the carriage containing the body of Frances most illustrious son arrived at the Abbe The proper papers were shown mass wasfperformed and the body of Voltaire found burial A few moments thereafter the Prior of the Abbe had received a threatening letter from his Bishop forbidding Voltaire burial but it was too late At the time the body was embalmed the heart of Voltaire was removed and preserved in a silver case After the theft of tho remains the sarcophagus was opened for the purpose placing the heart therein when it was discovered to be ofjThe church could not subdue him living It insulted dead For malice and cruelty Its conduct towards Voltaires Inoffensive corpse is without parallel Cold and unfeeling it wreaked the paltry vengeance upon his corpse which ho had from sen timent dreaded so much but in so doing the priesthood exposed its own inherent weakness and betrayed its peculiar savage nature But Voltaire is dead Long live Voltaire it i j I ir Y Jff ti BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 11t 0+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 1 Superstition and Idolatry are Enemies of Freedom t Z Sound and Practical Suggestions for a More Beneficent Propaganda of Freethought- and Trite Proclamation of Its Truths By Theophllus Philosophius No institution can have any great successor influence In the world of today that does not have the approval of scholars and think ers It docs not need to be expensive and richly dressed but it must be neat tasty and scrupulously chaste and accurate statement It should not be bespangled with technicalities It can educate without that in the deepest truths But its educating r Influences are of a low order if devoid of neatness accuracy and good cheer Pessi mistic and wrangling articles do harm all roundSuperstition and idolatry are the enemies that the lover of freedom and progress wishes to abolish Systematic knowledge so given that the receiving mind can grasp with pleasure and use it effectively in thinking and in practice is the only remedy that makes a useful friendly convert front positive advocacy even of error makes far better headway than a negative pessi mism even of truth Especially does a warm sympathetic nature shun the latter and seek the former Are not these great and profound truths But let truth and warm positive advocacy go together and nothing can resist it In view of these truths it is clear to seo that ninny of our socalled Freethinking 1 writers and speakers have made life seem so sombre and worthless that the warmhearted have turned away from them In disgust What we should show is warmer awl happier lives and advocacy than do the superstitious godlovers As students of ganic life wo should never forget that the passions love in all Its variety hates 1generosity and selfishness etc were de veloped long before Intellect that thinks abstractly awakened and are far more j deeply fixed in our natures and are yet far more powerful in controlling us than is abstract thinking Hence ho who would lead must not neglect to wisely feed these appetites The charlatan may get great r TT TTTTTTTTTTTT following by attending to the passions so as more easily to deceive the thinking fac ulty So the lover of truth to succeed best in educating the Intellect must wisely pro vide satisfaction to the Impulses especially the higher social impulses that merge Into the intellectual I was especially pleased with the article In the Blue Grass Blade two or three numbers back on the beneficial effects on cul ture by reading good literature To cover that whole field articles discussing the sub ject of association would be in place In considering the sum of things only man became a theist pod a worshiper In considering the Individual things he became a worker and In considering both the vidual and collection of things lie became a philosopher a scientistboth a worker and a worshiper But his worship has grad ually been removed from the entities to truth Itself and this is his substitute for a passionate god We as heretics from faith religion have dishonored our godunwit tingly Let us deify truth for it Is the true redeemer in every time of need Then when we work we are praying to our god for our faith In the power of truth Is so strong that we ever appeal to it and succeed and thus we have the ojily faith that removes moun tams and all possible movables to man But what is truth our god Is it a being possessed of consciousness and pas slons If so it Is also the Christian Mo hammedan Brahman and Buddhistic god and we like them are idolaters No hero is tho fundamental distinction between n thinking faith and a superstitious or non thinking faith Our god truth has no personality or passion These belongs to things which hence are individual substantial finite and wo are Idolaters when we pros trate ourselves In reverence before them But yet what then Is Truth Simply tho perception within our sensorium tho brain of tho relationships between or among tho im pressions brought there by the Impulses of our special senses by contact with some thing else than ourselves But often this apparent truth Is burdened with error and In adopting in practice as a dogma wo preach error honestly It may be but not wisely Q What is necessary then to avoid this err roneous apparent kind of truth All ganized religions are full of this kind of truthhalf truth It is necessary also to have wisdom What is that Simply such apparent truth as can be proven to be act ually true How is that done By repeated experience under varying circumstances Ing all applicable senses and comparing with similar tests of others until our gen eralized or modified conceptions in every way fit or correspond to the relationships of the things under consideration so that in putting our supposed truth into practice to bring about other similar relationships or results we Invariably succeed In other words in possession of a good working fund of proven truth When we formalize such truth Into spoken or written statement It becomes logical truth that may be trans mitted and advantageously used by others A written systematically connected body of such truths upon any subject becomes the science of that subject and serves all man kind equally well when equally well prac 4 ticed For any one to grow in wisdom he or she must learn what truth is how to get it and to prove it or at least know the well ac credited authors of It Can man be the author of his god and truly worship it Some ono asks Yes man has always been the creator of his gods Ingersoll truthfully said The creation of a just god Is the greatest work of man The creation of truth is the most just work of man therefore it Is his greatest god But It Is a passionless god To have tire social Impulses to work upon them in others we must commence with conscious impul sive beings To do wisely with best results wo must know social science by close ob servation and by wide study of the great social scientists of all ages It is a vast and solemn responsibility one assumes when ho sets himself up as a teacher of social science Yet the world Is full of quacks In this field who have no conception of the true profession They are blind leaders of the blind and spend their lives chiefly in rant and curses against their equals or betters and get society in many bloody and destructive encounters ou h r r 4 fY BLUE GRASS BLADE I 4 i Why Johns Faith Was Changed i 1 A tf0 Short Freethought Story Illustrating How Faith MuSt Give Way io Fact and the I Influences exerted on the Mind By John H Schwartz tf It was spring Bubbling brooks had hurryJhad already settled the contest for the hole In the old apple tree Nature had taken on ef new life on every side and the gentle zephyrs blew softly from the southland scattering their garnered fragrance lavishly everywhere Johns simple life was In per 1Ierryit allImost ecstatic moment of his thought alone thrilled his soul to its sweet- eSt depths For five short years to him he had wooed w Mary and through all that time his sole r thought was of her The little farm he 1 bought and the cozy little cottage he built was but for Mary Patiently happily he pursued his labors through storm and sun shine through success and adversity and the one name that illumined his way was Mary Soon she would be his wife his own dear Mary John and Mary had been married but a year when a swcetfaced blueeyed little girl came to live with them Their wedded life Nothingdid was always best and Marys doings were never wrong But the arrival of the baby was love consummated New hopes new desires new expectations were born with It and now life to them was truly a reality and s worth the living t Two more years rolled rapidly around rJand a little boy a perfect cherub joined them John was almost overcome with joy and the happiness of Mary was unbounded What a family What a perfect family What a complete family Father mother son daughter They could not have chosen better themselves It must have been gods blessing They had been taught of the good ness of god at mothers knee A few Sundays later saw John and Mary taken Into the church and afterward at tended faithfully all the means of grace Over and over again they thanked god for their happy family and oft they prayed t v keep it intact They trusted as only a sim ple and rural people can Apparently all was well with them Such abiding faith Such confiding love The two children had entered school Every morn Mary watched through the win dow the hurrying of little feet as they tripped lightly out of sight How earnestly her prayers followed them How lovingly she met them at the door on their return and kissed them Yet she never forgot John patient toiling John on whose strong arm she trustingly leaned But one evening she could not meet them She had such a cold The cough never left her Her step became less bbuyant her face lost Its freshness and the luster left her eyes John saw only too well the approaching end He knew of the hereditary taint in her ancestry but had hoped that Mary would escape it For the first tithe real sadness entered into his life Here they had labored cheerfully together for ten years and hadantlcipated a rIpe old age to enjoy the fruits of their labor but now John could plainly see that it all was but a vain dream He prayed it availed him nothing The god in whom he had trusted and credited with every blessing now seemed afar off Now if ever he needed a friend that stlcketh closer than a brother It now occurred to him for the first time that he never knew of a prayer that was answered It shook his faith He had read of Lazarus life being restored to him Was not Marys life as precious as that of Laza rus the bachelor She died The rural church house was filled to over flowing The bell tolled dolefully the ap proach of the procession that brought what was left of Mary In came the preacher the pallbearers the casket followed by John and his two little motherless children What had been to other funerals before It was then to him a matter of course He thought then that god in his infinite wisdom knew best But now when It had been brought home to him he viewed it differently Mary had been a faithful lov ing wife and had Implicitly trusted him while he In turn had Been true to her Now why slfould they at this time be so ruth lessly separated The funeral sermon instead of being a consolation was an insult to both John and the memory of Mary While the preacher tried to portray the wisdom of God and held out the idea that whatever Is is best doubts l ft crept into that honest breast of John Was It best for Mary who with her last breath begged to stay with John and her children iWas it best that his days should be sadidened and darkened forever Was it best that two little children should be deprived of a mothers tender care Was It best for everybody that Mary should be removed from among her friends and her gentle in fluence be forever lost Heartbroken ho approached the casket to take the last look at her As he bent over her lifeless form he called to her again and again but she answered not Those lips that had so readily answered 1deathl from view and as John turned disconsolate wasyirretrievablyJohn became a changed man To him 7 separation here was heartrending but what B would this be If there Is a conscious future life compared to eternity The Christian religion grew loathsome to him It was no consolation at death It totally failed toIsoothe It was too narrow It taught that most families are broken through all etern nlty It was to cruel for John He resolved to investigate He formed new associations Men whom he had before shunned he now sought He found their philosophy of life and death more reasonable and more com forting than he had himself heretofore en returned Flowers bloomed again John took his little boy and girl and a basket of wreaths to that consecrated spot so dear to them He lifted not his eyes heavenward nor did he fall upon his knees before god but reverently bowed his head in sacred remembrance of her who rested under that hallowed mound by which they stood and thus he spoke Dear children hero rests your mother We thought her the best and sweetest cerature in all the world and so she was to us but as we look around we see the grass grows as green the flowers bloom as richly the sun shines as brightly upon other mothers graves as upon this This teaches us that nature pays her final tribute to all alike that death is the great leveller and equalizer of mankind The thought should comfort us that there Is Continued on Page 13 S C 8 7 If 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE hnhlt hlnh hpit y i NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNHNNNIJProgram IIDeath of J Chappele Clark In Ohio Sister Conducts Funeral Program Is Without Preacher or Hymns By Helen M Lucas The Blade has been advised of the death of J Chapelle Clark who was one of the best known educators in Ohio and a Freethinker He was a brother to Mrs Helen M Lucas of Marietta Ohio and at his request knowing the journeys end was near Mrs Lucas conducted his funeral and prepared the program for the occa sion No preacher took part In those obsequies and no hymns were sung Owing to the forethought of Mrs Lucas been favored with a copy of tho read at the funeral service and as she has arranged In her 1address up on the subject Mrs Lucas that It be printed as a means of to oiner Freethinkers that they may do likewise and as Mrs Lucas states have secular funerals without preachers J or hymns r As the program has been printed In leaf i let form it is reproduced in full below with copy of the address First there was Instrumental music the Intermezzo from tho opera Cavallerla Ilustlcana by Mascagnl and Trauraerel by Schumann Tho musicians were Professor Schmledeke first violin Mr Clarence Schneider second violin Mr John Lehn hard viola Mr Fred Wehrs violoncello The came the short biographical sketch which Is given below It was read by tho Professor of Elocution of Marietta Col legeLast a song was sung by Miss Muriel Palmer the words Longfellows The Day Is Done music by Balfe All of tho music at tho funeral was very r beautiful J Chapelle Clarke passed his early life on a farm and at tho district school Ho attended Mr Batess school lu Marietta then the Western Liberal Institute and afterward a theological school at Mead vllle Pennsylvania teaching meanwhile to earn tho necessary funds to pay ex penses Besides teaching in Ohio ho had a very interesting time teaching In Ken tucky He was at tho funcfal of Henry Clay and stopped near Lexington where ho taught and preached He always after ward kept a lively interest in tho beautiful Blue Grass region and its generous and hospitable people He and his wife taught school together for some time after they went West to live Then he was County Superintendent of Schools for a great many years He taught mathematics in Simpson College for a short time perhaps only about two years He liked it there and often spoke in the highest terms of President Burns After he left that for more active business ho never lost his interest in education everywhere and gave so much attention to educational matters that he Is still called Professor Clarke in his western home He received a degree from Iowa University and was admitted to the bar at about the same time After ho and the lady of his choice had walked visited studied and gone to school together always togetherunder the ap proving eyes of all their friends and ac quaintances for seven years these staid and seriousminded students ran away to be married A friend of theirs tho Rev T C Eaton was going away and wished to marry them before he left The ladys term of school was to end in about two weeks and she wished the marriage to be kept secret for that time So they met Mr Eaton at Dr Relgnlers Fort Street near the mouth of the Alusklngum Mrs Reigner determined to have moro of a wedding than tho principals had planned rushed somq wedding cake and had It baked on time Mr Clarke was always very courage ous through all his life To try him when tie was not quite two years old his mother sent him one dark night with some news papers to his uncle Miller Clarkes Both houses stood some distance back from the road with trees around them but ho went without any hesitation delivered the pa pers and came back as If there was noth ing unusual about it Later ho showed his courage by working for unpopular re forms involving liberty and justice which ho loved and wished for all others as well as for himself His respect and affection for his parents were unusual In degree and ho was al ways proud of them honoring them by being a credit to them all his life Ho was always fond of children His interest in them however never led him to spoil them indeed tho greater his in terest the more pains he took to correct their faults and break up any disagreeable J tjC 1 f s now ey may on s Lately ho talked of a little sister who died sixtyfive years ago with loving words and tender tears His best effort for a better education were exerted for people of all ages and nearly every class He never considered his own education complete but took a good deal of time for philosophical studies in which he believed in digging deep notfbeing a sciolist in any thing Ho liked to read German poetry in tho original and made a metrical English translation of one of his favorites Ho entertained himself with classic and general literature more than business men generally do His taste for such things may be shown by a few extracts from some of his favorite authors What can guide us One thing and only one Philosophy and that consists In keeping the divinity within us free from harm superior to pain or pleasure do ing nothing aimlessly or falsely needing not that others should do this or leave that undone accepting everything that hap pens as coming from that source whence came ourselves and finally waiting calmly for death as nothing but a chang from tho first principles of lifeMarcus Aurelius He is king who fears nothing and longs for nothing Everyone can give himself the kingdom of noble thoughts Seneca In the upper air there is neither cloud nor storm and so in the lofty soul there is always peaceSenecaN- othing id so honorable as a noble soul but that soul is not great which can be shaken by either fear or grief And three short ones from Eplctltus Only the educated are free Mind knowledge right reason Hero seek the essence of goodness What you would not suffer yourselftake care not to impose on others and as you would escape slavery do not treat others like slaves But this is too wide a field and wo muststurn aside Something of his character may be known from a poem which ho repeated when lying down to rest after paralysis had mado It impossible for him to rise without being helped OUT OF THE NIGHT Out of the night which covers me Black as the pit from polo to polo I thank whatever gods may be For my unconquerable soul In the fell clutch of Circumstance I have not winced nor cried aloud Under tho bludgeonlngs of Chance My head is bloody but unbowed Beyond this valo of wrath and tears Continued on Pago 13 i i tt6 BLUE GRASS BLADE Y qqaaii oo x Current Comment on Public Events xy + WHERE BLISS DOTH REIGN New Jersey justice like New Jersey law Is a variable and unknown quantity It is also exceedingly elastic Its rubberlike qualities affords ample opportunities for stretching and it can be readily applied to the creation of fake corporations as to afford abundant protection for crime The water in the stocks of its innumerable YNcorporate progeny furnishes admirable and breeding grounds for the tradi tional mosquito and this may account to some extent for its reputation in that respect Under the benign provisions of Jersey justice the bigamist can find ample pro tection from prosecution provided he knows how to go about the business Aspiring masculinity with love and affection suf ficient to satisfy two females or more may Ignore the divorce court steer clear of Utah and simply acquire residence in f New Jersey Of course there is an ele ment of finance in the scheme and a proper and adequate support must be figured on Granted the above conditions the anti monogamist may enter upon the business at wholesale provided he lawfully marries one woman at a time and can succeed In dodging the constable for a period of two years after each ceremony Husbands now chafing under marital restraints can find relief under the Jersey statute unless some 1tool legislature knocks the llncbpin out by repealing the law before he can get a decision just given by an commodating justice sitting at Trenton the discovery has been made that a bigamist is protected from prosecution under the statute of limitations This decision ought to help the ferry business and incidentally the railroads Here are unrestricted oppor tunities A man may take unto himself as Ii many wives as he can find provided he gives each wife ac hance to get used to therfC conclusion the Jersey law might go further cawl proclaim an order of succession as to age weight and particular type of beauty Had Joseph Smith known of the existence of this law Utah might not be on the snap today Thousands of lives have been ruined under Jersey law Homes wrecked hearts broken despairing men and women sent to premature graves through the heartless t swindles perpetuated under forms of Jersey law by the fako corporations that f i d iki AitjSi i I In Ilfrr ULllJlJIIMtIHln have been given birth In that fruitful soil In the case under discussion it was made to appear that one Harry Buckalew of Trenton had successfully deceived two women became a bigamist and yet could not be prosecuted because the statute of limitations barred such a prosecution unless began within two years from the date of the offense The only consolation now offered to the women is a liberal dose of sympathy for each other GET BUSY GOVERNOR Governor Hughes of New York is ono of those fortunate gentlemen who are peculiarly made the favorites of chance Aside from his prosecution of the Insurance companies brought on by the exposes of Frenzied Finance the records show but little to his credit and yet it made him Governor of the great Empire State Had McKinley lived Roosevelt would never have graced the presidential chair Had not Goebel been killed Beckham might never have been Governor of Kentucky But for a prize fight Culberson of Texas might not be in the United States Senate and but for Frenzied Finance Hughes would still have been an attorney and counsellor at law And yet there are times when these political accidents cover themselves with glory Roosevelt has demonstrated that he Is not to be dictated to or con trolled by party sentiment Culberson has mounted high enough to receive favorable mention as a vicepresidential possibility Beckham very happily brought Kentucky out of political chaos Into an era of peace and prosperity and Governor Hughes Is advocating a greater Interest In the work of Improving the breed of men Instead of wasting so much time in trying to Improve the breed of horses True the fight Hughes is now making is to kill off the gambling microbe In New York through the medium of race track speculation but it was a pregnant truth to which ho gave utterance Time money and labor have been used and spent in the propagation of a superior breed of animals but little thought has been given to the breeding of real men and women Al though It Is late in the day for Governor Hughes to make such an Imposing discovery he is in a position to know that many men of his personal acquaintance is In need of present and immediate reformation but it cannot be done by special legislation To carry out the idea he so sentimentally sug r itjt tSr ft J i gests the work must begin on the boy The potentialities of the man lie hidden in the hoy It is the boy who must mako the man Furnish the boy with better op portunities for development mental and material and he will make a more desirable man As the boy is the man will likely be Good men do not come from halfstarved illclad partially educated boys Much de pends upon the character and quality of 4 the mental and material food furnished the boy An overabundance of the wrong sort is worse than an insufficiency of the best If Governor Hughes Is In earnest let him show it by such recommendations to the General Assembly for the enactment of more wholesome laws concerning education and for a more equitable distribution of the nations wealth Let that education be free from the taint of orthodox supersti tions and myths and so provide ian industrial system whereby the wealth produced will not forever concentrate in the hands of a few to the positive Injury and suffering of the many Existing educational and In dustrial schemes leads to the widest divergence in human affairs Extreme poverty and extreme wealth are not good combinations Danger lurks ever behind Where these inequalities exist side by side and are constantly brought into contact we have poverty cursing wealth and wealth mocking at poverty Thete is ample room for Governor Hughes to begin experiment ing and there is no time to lose if he wishes to enjoy the fruits of his labors t THE TABLES TURNED Pious folks claim that while man may pro pose god will dispose but there is a case in point where one would be completely Justified in assuming that the above rule worked backwards When a young girl of alleged handsome form and face with a Ij beauty as fresh as the dew at dawn can be brought to that extreme condition of mind wherein she can willingly consent to abandon the world and shut herself up for life within the cold and gloonypervaded walls of a nunnery it is generally supposed that god has so touched her heart and filled her with such a wonderful degree of penitent devotion that her piety has gone the limit of human capabilities When that stage has been reached It is thy will not mine and we may reasonably guess that no woman young or old ever willingly took 11wusSuch appears to be the case with Katho rlne Gegenbach the nineteenyearold daugh ter of a wealtny New York merchant As a matter of fact diamondIhad already named the day upon was to don the white robes of the novitiate The eve of that day had fallen upon the busy world and yet almost at tIe very l JJilow C tt BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 thrcshhold of the convent Katherine backed out changed her mind swiped about 1000 of her daddys choice stock forged his name to checks for a good round sum of money which sue succeeded In cashing and to cat the climax of pietistical absurdity she eloped to other parts with a married man Those who lovo life and liberty will cast no reproach upon the girl for preferring to live her life outside the convent walls Instead of on the inside but they would had they been permitted advised her to have gone about It in a far different way Her change of heart might have been announced and the world would not have questioned tier concerning it But there was no necessity for the theft As for her male companion had she desired one there are a thousand lovelorn swains In Gotham who would have jumped at both the girl and the cash The principal point at Issue however is what was intended for the girl and what she did It was a complete revolution She had been trained in extreme piety Her parents rather seemed to cherish the Idea that their daughter was to become a nun They were willing to have her pass away her life behind cloistered walls In pious uselessness Instead of seeing her the mother of a number of lusty youngsters to exhibit their patriotic devotion to Uncle Sam by exploding a bunch of firecrackers every Fourth of July Such a future holds more of promise than being a nun and KatherIne Is to bo congratulated upon upsetting the will of god even If wo must condemn her chosen method In doing It ROME GETS THE MARBLE HEART The church and especially the Christian church has ever been playing a desperate game and always for high stakes Of all her present representatives the Pope of Rome Is a past master in the art But a few I days since he throw out a wellbaited hook calculated to land Gladys Vanderbilt and t her Hungarian toy and now the business eye of the Vatican is focused upon the Prince of Monaco As princes go the young fellow stacks up about as well as the best of them for while ho is merely a member of royalty by French consent ho Is none the less a student and devotes a consider able portion of hi time to scientific pursuits He is not overblessed with wealth or worldly goods but Is able to keep up the dance so long as his few faithful sub jects consent to keep paying the fiddler He can command a moderately fair rove nue and is able to travel In style when the warrants It His royal Nibs is now iloccasion to Victor Emanuel king of Italy having a gay time In the Eternal City The royal program was napped out at the expense of the Italian people but there Is trouble In the air The program does not Include a visit to the Vatican and if carried out on schedule time the Monacan monarch will quit Rome without even requesting an audience of the Vicar of Christ In other words it Is aimed that the prince shall give the Pope the marble heart and Plus X now threatens to send a note of protest to the Powers on the ground that some time ago the Vatican Issued a man date that no Catholic ruler should visit the city of Rome without calling upon him And suppose Monaco declines to pay the Pope a visit and further suppose the Pope enters a protest what will it amount t01 Is there any power on earth or In the heavens above claiming the right to enforce a compliance with any mandate emanating from the Vatican Can they compel any monarch to kneel at the Popes feet and kiss his big toe in humble subjection to a consecrated mummy Fools there have been fools there are and fools there will be who will regard It as a blessed privilege to do these things but It must be a matter of individual taste and not a question to be settled by The Hague tribunal or a dis play of war vessels It would appear that the best thing the Pope can do Is to grace fully submit and abstain from registering any kick or other Catholic rulers may be tempted to follow Monacos example The Pope protested when President Loubet of France visited Rome and refused to call upon him and we all know what France has done for the Pope In spite of papal threats and papal protests in spite of papal argu ment and papal persuasions tho ruler of Monaco insists upon having his own way as did Loubot and there will be no audience with the Pope and no leaving of tribute in his hands There is an element of Importance behind this Beneath the surface tho Pope can see what the world may not Because of the turbulent state of affairs surrounding the Vatican the had contemplated a liar bor of refuge in case of necessity with tho Prince of Monaco and it had even been reported that the Prince would have placed his yacht at tho Popes disposal Under tho circumstances would It not be the part of wisdom for his Popeshlp to gratefully aCt cept Just what may be tendered voluntarily Instead of seeking to compel a mere lip service which does not cone from tho heart NO PAY NO PREACH It is cheerfully admitted that there are exceptions to every rule and some people argue that It is the exception that proves tho rule As a rule the men who have been authorized to peddle saving grace are worldly in the extreme and constantly keep a weather eye on tho business end of their contracts It is also a well known rule that when the supply of cash Is cut off the means of grace subside There are innumerable preachers who would refuse to make such I fi2 iri ifti j i5Li an admission but there Is no such pretense about Rev Gilbert A Ottman rector of St Lukes Episcopal parish at Lincoln Neb He is frank and explicit about such matters although filled to the muzzle with fear of the Lord His congregation had failed to cone up with his salary and when they had got about 1500 In arrears he decided to quit the job rather than allow the Indebt edness to Increase and now the Episcopa lians are In the middle of a bad fix being minus the means of communion none toradminister It Just because they refuse to shell out Inasmuch as the congregation fell shy on cash the rector has gone shy on his preaching and Jumped the game With such an announcement It would appear a difficult matter for that congregation to cure a successor for the facts being known f few preachers will care to take the chance Their call may go unheeded and It serves s them right The laborer Is always worthy of his hire and Ottman ought to have had his pay according to previous contract And ak yet the fault may bo with Ottman Episco pal preachers are not noted for brilliancy and It is probable that he failed to touch his congregation In the right spot and not car ing to dismiss him on the ground of un desirability they declined to pay preferring him to take the course he has In any event the Incident proves the truth of what Freethinkers so often proclaim namely that shortage In cash creates a shortage In preaching proclivities and saving grace shrinks to abnormally low conditions There may be many others riding In the same kind of a boat but Rev Ottman is the first for a long time to be frank enough to give his reasons for jumping his job It is perfectly clear that Tennyson was far from an orthodox Christian Quite as certainly he was not a Blbllolator Ho read the Bible of course and so did Shelley There are fine things in It amidst its false hoods and barbarities and tho English versio-n Is a monumetn of our literature We regard as apocryphal however the story of Tennysons telling a boy Read the Bible and Shakespeare the one will teach you how to speak to god and the other how to speak to your fellowmen Anyhow when tho poet cane to die ho did not ask for the Bible and he did ask for Shakespeare The copy he habitually used was handed to hImfhe opened It at CymbellUe ono of tho most pagan of Shakespeares plays he read a lit tie and then held the book until death came with tho fall of tired eyelids upon tire- deyesG W Foote Flowers of Free thought The men and women that are lifting the world upward and onward are those who encourage more than criticise wk 1 t r rlr rf1 t j Lt r L VIP i3 jfiGRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Editor and Publisher Ii 1268 N Limestone St Lexington Ky P Box art SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpald150 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remit tance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one eachke Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES iii One inch single column insertion cents = one month or four insertions 100 six months 800w4single one insertion 200 one months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger adver 1 applicationThe any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term upinwill show subscribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal in case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at LexingtonKentuckybe given a hearty welcome PostofficeatI RELIGIOUS EPIDEMICS Medical science has successfully demonstrated that the most virulent diseases are epidemic Experience has proven also success fully that religious mania becomes epidemic Even crime is subject to I = the same physical law for it is admitted l by criminologists that crime has its fashions its periods of vogue to give i way to other forms None will dispute that fashion is epidemic This is proven every day Once let the arbiters of fashion set a mark and every goose wants to get into the pond It is with religious epidemics we wish to deal here Orthodox mania is liable to break out at any time and in unexpected forms No sooner has one sect opened up a particular line of attraction than all other sects fall to and accept the routine so that for the time being it becomes epidemic It is a safe presumption that if one church should resort to the use of slot ma chines as a moans of clutching the elusive nickels every other church in the community would consider the system holy in the sight of the lord and ji W1 NOW 110 the slot machines would find a place in the church near the pulpit The crusades was a religious epi demic So was tile Inquisition The tyranny of the priesthood ran its full course Witch burning and heresy hunt ing were also epidemic The Sunday laws have been made epidemic and every state has been called upon to enact laws prohibiting the disturbance of religious worship As a rule these epidemics go to extremes and the disease runs itself into the ground Ab normal conditions arise and society suffers in the reaction that must follow Chief among the more disgusting and revolting manifestations of these recurrent outbreaks of religious mania is that known as the revival epidemic Like smallpox it seems to thrive best in the winter season One church starts a revival and every other church trails in the wake of the orthodox band wagon Church leaders are bound to be cognizant of the ftfct that every alleged conversion is an abnor mal unnatural and in many respects may be said to resemble an outburst of insanity Theology is a fitting sub ject for the successful production of this form of lunacy The revivalist acquires his reputation through the number of spasmodic outbursts he is capable of creating coupled with his ability to cast a spell over the minds of the unthinking and persuade them into doing sornthiug which in a lucid moment they would not have done The revivalists claim to see a miracle in such conversions Here is an admis sion of a double abnormality the one arising from the belief in the miracle and the alleged miracle itself Miracles are contrary to natural law Np miracle was ever wrought by natural law for that which happens in the ordinary course of things in both normal and natural If a conversion is mirac ulous it must be unnatural and abnormal hence a disease and multiplied conversions make that disease epidemic Even a belief in god is abnormal It is not a natural production but a human invention Disease will more successfully assail the weaker human structure and the god idea finds lodgment only in the weaker intelligence Ignorance of natural law and inability to understand its manifesta tions were the primal causes of tho god idea becoming epidemic Just as disease plays serious havoc with the physical frame so does epidemical re ligion impair the mentality of the in dividual Tile excitement produces a high nervous tension and in many in stances the reaction has brought an utter mental prostration with physi- calRAWrLti J j1fi b i1 Ml collapse No better evidence is needed of the evil effects of such religious dem onstrations Under such influences urged by a delusive enthusiasm ab nomal demonstrations are made and fanaticism professes to see in these the greater power and glory of god From such a mental delusion many have never recovered and scores are now confined in asylums for the insane who can directly trace the cause of their affliction and malady to a spasmodic outburst at some church revival These evidences can be multiplied but enough has been given to show the abnormality of these religious par oxysms and when several persons are involved as is the case at a majority of these socalled revivals the disease becomes epidemic and only drastic measures can bring those afiiictcd to their senses Always measure well up to yourJ idealsASK NO MANS CONSENT Just as the great orb of day begins to sink behind the western hills and before the twilight comes the chickens return to their roost No matter how far they may have travelled from their domicile during the day they will come in straggling bunches getting together for the nights rest Have you not experienced this Then you know that it is sol Now that the sun of orthodoxy is ginning its downward course and the dawn of truths great era appears one by one those who have taught error and greviously opposed truth arc coming to the light and joining hands with the great army of workers in libertys fields that admit the grevious wrong they have done and announce themselves truths champion From the little city of Bayonne New York comes the report that Rev William II Babcock of the First Re formed church awoke the people from r their orthodox slumbers by declaring from his pulpit that he had made a complete rejection of all the principal ilmaterialscience 1 The press reports may be somewhat Ypreachers 1 tellzIwhatconsent for him to preach tho truth instead of error as ho has been doing in tho past This sounds rather peculiar i i j M l Q 1n BLUE GRASS BLADE We cannot conceive of any man having pulpitifisking for permission of any other than that he might be allowed to toll the truth If the Reverend geutlcnnn is satisfied intellectually concerning his positions why not manifest courage sufficient to venture into the would and preach those truths without asking anybodys consent If he has trutI and knowing it his pain duty is t preach it irrespective of consequences to himsilf The people arc demnmiing truth They are hungry for it Th are satiated with the stale platitudes of orthodoxy Men with truth have no business standing within the stove warmth of the churches Their place is outside in the keen bracing air where the champions of truth arc ever to be foundFreethinkers will be gratified to know that in his renunciation of the Christian form of faith he assailed both the Catholic and Protestant churches and declared that he could no longer accept the biblical account of the crea tion essentially n primary Christian teaching because that account was direct conflict with geology and biology r and that his mind had been compelled to accept the latter there being no properly analyze the minds of half the preachers in America to day of any or all denominations itis extremely probable that similar doubts concerning biblical chronology and creation would be found If this is true then all such preachers are dis honest with their congregations dis honest with themselves and untrue to their trust Under such circumstances and conditions they are knowingly teaching what they do not believe I breachwtrust may n trust but the breach is just as great as if it were a physical trust One by one however the preachers are facing the it dawn On this point let us quote from Mr Babcock He says Why have you any idea of the anIIt about them For twenty years I have thought and studied the Bible and 1 have wanted persistently to get awny from the system By that I mean the doctrinaland ecclesiastical system temode of thought and method of action of the church It is unadapted to the modern mind and to modern needs My desire has been to break away from the system and preach the truth as I see it But every time I have found myself hemmed in From this it would appear that the breaking of his chains is no mere whim or fancy but the result of patient study and investigation More than that as he declares it has resulted front a persistent study of the Bible and this corroborates the utterance of a Blade correspondent who states that reading the Bible made him an atheist Like Mr Babcock others have longed for an opportunity to speak out and to overstep the barriers but now that he has done so let him assert the indopcndcncctdue to his manhood and break away from all mental restraints by resolving to tell the truth and to ask ho titans consent thereto Reader Reflect upon what Babcock says The most important part of his Statement is that where he says The doctrinal and ecclesiastical system the mode of thought aifd method of action of the church are uu adapted to the modern mind and modern needs It is impossible to present a stronger argument against the church and in favor of Frcethought It presents the sum of human intelligence It is based on fact The modern mind has out grown the doctrinal and ecclesiastical systems Modern needs demand a com plete reaction They demand the aboli tion of theological systems or their removal from the sphere of active life to a position where they lire incapable of harm They have combined to re tard humanity to check progress and warp human knowledge They have been a black cloud obscuring the light Remove the cloud and the light will pour its bcneficient beams upon men in all its strength WHAT IS CHRISTIANITY Ask any number of persons the ques tion suggested by the caption hereof and you will soon discover that it is an unsolved riddle an unanswerable conundrum Ask the preachers of the different Christian sects what it takes to be a Christian nnd you are confronted with precisely similar conditions for no two being of different sectarian tendencies and beliefs can possibly give the same or even a similar answer Only a few years ago the people were taught that the first essential was an implicit and unreasoning faith in the existence of a tribal deity of an ignorant and barbarous nation for be it known that some of the different tribes of Israel worshipped other deities than Jehovah and so we have it that the tr god of the bible the god whom Christians profess to worship today was the god of Abraham of Isaac and of Jacob And why was description necessary That the succeeding generations of that particular tribe should not depart therefrom and undertake to worship such deities as Baal Ashtoreth arid Moloch And was it not this same tribal deity who is attributed with ordering the butchery of 23000 Jews for the senseless act of dancing about u fgolden calf who started the Ethiopian race because old Noah got drunk and under the soporific influence of thec 1 nectar made an exhibition of himself and who delighted in the terpsichorean act of David before the ark of the W covenant minus clothing Stripped of all its credal trimmings this is Chris tianity and according to the teachings of the elect an implicit belief in such things must be confessed or the baptism in the blood of the lamb will be unavailing y 1 lhihtis Christianity Who knows It would be folly to attempt an an swer to offer an explanation for no answer could satisfy no explanation explainAt it is all a matter of specula tion and these are as various and conflicting as there are nations and indi viduals There are hundreds of Poly dcmonistic religions among savage peoples that can claim a close kinship with that passing under the guise of Christianity There are numberlessjpolytheistic religions including those that worship a manlike being called god and all combined have produced bewildering complexity of religious cults from which no clear conception can be drawn In their statistical ratio it is claimed there are six hundred million Buddhists about four hundred millions of socalled Christians two hundred millions of Mohammedans and nearly as many Brahmanists While the cults that are distinguished from that of the Christian brand are as a rule almost a unit in their beliefs the Christians lire split into warring sects creating divisions and subdivisions be tween which there is scarcely one fact of solitary agreement These Christian sects are constantly increasing and the divergence grows wider every day In the face of such a condition is there one in the wide wide world who can satis factorily answer the question What is Christianity We must read in the answer in the A stars Progress comes from work not by words or promises k f t 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE CHURCH STATISTICS FOR 1907 The proud boast of Christendom has been its numbers Pointing to the number of accredited l or claimed Christians in the world from whatever source acquired during the period of the past two thousand years its preachers and teachers assert that it is the salt of the earth the one dynakklong the universe will be embraced within its folds Known figures belie such a claim Facts are not in accord with the Christian boast The argument is strengthened on the ground that the very figures presented are of Christian origin given publica tion by their own hands under the lief that they furnish a valuable argu ment for its side of the case whereas an examination will reveal the reverse Religious statistics covering the work of the several churches all orthodox for the year 1907 show the following Ministers 161731 churches 210199 communicants 32983156 Similar statistics given for the pre ceding year or for 1906 show the following Ministers 159430 churches 205985 comunicants 32355610 The gains made in 1906 covering the three items were Ministers 4201 churches 1901 communicants 931740 Taking the above figures and sub tracting from the totals given it will be shown that the gains reported for fololwsf 4214 com 1municants ground 627546 that these are Chris furnished by the Christ tian to bolster up the Christian faith therfinstitutions of America They show that while the number of church build ings increased during 1907 to the extent of 2313 over the year 1906 yet the number of ministers acquired by the church anti the number of com municants decreased to an enormous extent The figures betray the fact that men are not breaking their necks to preach the gospel and that the people are not over anxious to hear it preached And this too in spite of tho- r enormous increase in the population both from emigration and other causes In other words the church is failing to keep pace with the natural increase jn population and while our country is rapidly filling up with men and women t iI c of all classes and conditions they are not rushing pellmell into the churches Recurring to the figures quoted it will be seen that the churches as a whole fell short 1900 ministers of all denominations during 1907 as com pared with 1906 and we further find the startling admission that in the number of communicants the church fell short to the enormous extent of 304194 in 1907 as compared with the preceding year In two of its most important items the church has showed a remark able decline although the population has been constantly increasing at an enormous rate- Although the statistics arc taken from the data furnished by Dr II K Carroll they are essentially Christian and are based upon the reports sub mitted by the several denominations It must be explained however that in the grand total given there arc cluded Chinese Buddhists Japanese Buddhists and Shintoists Communistic societies Jews The Societies for Ethical Culture Spiritualists and the Theosophical Society all of which arc decidedly antiChristianand if the Uni tarians be drawn from the Christian tables in that Unitarianism is de nounced by the more orthodox bodies and their ministers refused recognition in Ministerial Associations on grounds of alleged infidelity to the true faith the total number of Christians as claimed must be reduced according to their own figures to the extent of the number of communicants be analyzed it would be shown that thousands included therein are not communicants that while they may attend for social or business reasons they are not orthodox and excluding children and baptized infants from the lists tike actual number of Christians must be re duced full fifty per cent from the totals claimed and this leaves the church in a pitiful plight indeed In any event but onethird of the poulation is actually claimed for church membership by their own reports A true report would show about onesixth Then how is it possible that such a minority can control the majority in matters affecting social and domestic life through the medium of special legis lation such as Sunday laws the exemp tion of church property from taxation and the reading of religious literature in the public schools The answer Is plain That minority is well organized It is a compact body A close corpora tion They are disciplined and trained On the other hand the liberal majority arc scattered divided unorganized and without means of concerted action Or- yra12 ganized error is thus enabled to triumph over unorganized truth By dividing the total number of Christians given as between tile Cath olic and Protestants we find that the Catholics claim a total of 13890353 leaving the combined Protestants in eluding the liberal bodies to which allusion has been made with 19092803 The results here stated and the sug gestions offered ought to furnish the Freethinkers with a stimulus for greater work for greater exertions and by the diffusion of sound argument and reason among the people through the medium of Freethought publications and Freethought lectures induce a fur tier decrease in church membership during the current year and for all the years to come We must not blind ourselves however by fondly imagining these de creases will come without effort on our part With nearly 33000000 as claimed the church can boast a power ful well organized for militant effort in fastening their dread superstition on the people Unity of purpose by such an army even in the spread of error may achieve greater victories than the unorganized army of truth OTHER WORLDS THAN OURS Another controversy arises over the possibility of the habitation of the planet Mars with sentient beings and two of the most eminent geologists of the age arc drawn into the intellectual arena Professor Charles Lowell con tends that the existence of clearly de fined canals on the surface of the earths neighbor indicates a reason ing cooperative effort on the part of the Martian inhabitants to protect their planet against possible dessication by elementary forces while Alfred Russell Wallace insists Hint the great lines per ceived upon Mars commonly said to be canals are in reality but more fis sures or surface cracks and he argues that the temperature of Mars is pro hibitive of any animal life such as is known to the earth Both of these distinguished scientists J may be right or either of them but which is the correct theory the Blade cannot presume to in the absence of the knowledge necessary to justify such a ruling but in spite of our ig norance we are permitted to exercise the powers of reason and by inference assume that which may exist within the bounds or range of natural possi important question that has attracted considerable attention from men of scientific thought especially ii rr rlliti t r y BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 condis 1 honest the moment he enters business Is it because of the knowledge that he lougiuluestionscomes from Morelicad that tin bank of that city has closej its doors a and is unable to satisfy the demands of depositors In other words tilt officers of the bank have used tins money of the depositors and are now depositorshaveto make a settlement and in the event of failure to do so prosecutions are to be instituted But listen mark it well there is one F 0 Button vice pastotinpal of the lEorehead Normal School i Kansas City seems to be in tha throes ofit religious campaign in which a mistaken zeal is made painfully appar ent Hundreds of indictments are being reported against all classes of business men and laborers accusing byindulgimeffort to compel an unwilling recogni tion of Christian doctrine the police mens club is the only available argument Was it not Jesus who is reported to have said something about living and perishing by the sword The Salvation Army report of the suicide bureau after its years oper ation shows that a number have been diverted from selfdestruction but it is refreshing to note that clergymen and missionaries tine placed at the heed of the list of the callings represented by tile applicants for sympathy and relief Now what becomes of the old staroo typed argument about Infidelity in ducing suicide Theseare the waking up days You have had time to observe how the Blade has woke up to the exigencies of the hour and we want that idea to become catching In other words look after the subscription blanks we have sent you and return them as directed that our list of readers may keep swelling No Freethinker can enter tain the slightest doubt concerning the value of the Blade to the cause we ad vocate and if you feel this way about now is the time to set to and help After all this discussion between the Vatican and the Modernists the Pope is tickled over the fact that the Modernists are not so modern afteiall r J iifor 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE NNNN NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNIt+ + + sPrison Statistics i NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN + 1TTYTObjections to Giving Them to a Public Library on Account of Getting Shelved and Hidden from Public View By E Lewis Permit me to say a few words in response to the letter Brother Snow bad In the Blade some time since In regard to prison and asylum statistics I wrote to him some time previous about it I had studied the matter over pretty thoroughly for a long time be fore I settled on Brother Snow as the future custodian of my collection I do not know Brother Snows age but from his vigor In argument he is in the prime of life and if he behaves himself as well as I think he does ho may live to pass his seventysev enth birthday as I did mine on the eighth day of January 1908 For near thirty years I have collected statistics and wrote them up mostly to Dr Monroes Iron Clad Age showing by com paring the per cent of Christians to Infidels in the prisons to the per cent of Christians StatesIof the contrast and especially are the Chris tian people utterly Ignorant of the facts Church people Imagine they are the moral salt of the earth while the reverse Is the fact and very largely the fact Brother Snow thinks the statistics ought to go into some library My experience tells me no At different times for about thirty years I have been collecting and writing occasional letters to get facts before the liberal minded people to read Brother Snow says that if he should be the future custodian of the statistics he would prob ably be the only reader That might be so and yet that would be one reader more than they would have in a library after I am gone I think I can make this statement without disfiguring the truth materially We all know that statistics are as dry asr a hot cinder to ninetynine out of every one f hundred of oven the adult population Sup- poselX I should brush the dust off of my statistics and take them to the Pasadena or Los Angeles public library as a donation If they were accepted they would be stuck upon a shelf and thero they would stay Not one of them would be called for in ten years but ten thousand paperbacked novels would be handed out annually and read That Is the index to the intelligence of the people of this nation and to the voters who choose tit ri 1 j1 di5tfib V9 our law makers Church people would not touch them for facts are poison to supersti tion Every page of the New Testament Is stained with the blood of the noblest minds of earthIf statistics fall into the hands of Brother Snow It would be well for I know he has a vivid way of placing the truth be fore the people In a very readable shape and ten thousand Blade readers will benefit thereby and much good will result- I havo been talking these statistics hero In Pasadena for more than twentyone years and have found one man only that had one report and that was not his fault He had a brother who was chaplain in the Amarosa penitentiary in Iowa and he sent to this brother a report and he being a friend of mine gave me the report to read If any one can suggest a better disposi tion to be made of them I will willingly ac cept the conclusion I have just been gath ering my statistics together and find that I nave about five thousand seven hundred pages on hand Some reports have dlsap peared probably by loaning I have the bi ennial report of the board of Inspectors war den physician and chaplain to the 43d General Assembly of the Missouri State penitentiary There were confined in that prison as per this report 1794 convicts the religious beliefs of whom were Baptist 396 Roman Catholics 312 Christian 120 Dunk ard Episcopal Hebrew Lutheran 29 Methodist 335 Mormons none Presby terlans 48 Campbelllte none Liberal no religious belief 522 total 1749 making 1207 Christians to 627 of no religion mak ing more than Christians to one non Christian or unbeliever The United States census of 1890 gives Misspurl 2747100 per cent of Christians to the population of the State or out of a fraction of over onefourth of the population of the State the churches furnish more than three and a half times as many convicts as we do out of nearly threefourths of the population of the State Where is the moral standing of the church Out of a fraction of over onefourth of the population of the State whicn makes up their church population they furnish approx imately one convict to each fiftythree of their membership while out of the other nearly threefourths of the population of the State we the bad element of the State of course furbish approximately one convict to each 3813 of the atheists infidels agnos tics and all the other heretical scalawags This is only an ordinary case Some are i frL Itf itli i4i n IJlI l much worse That is for the church Now to the readers of the Blade as to how to get these statistics Send to the warden of the penitentiary of your State for the re ports You are entitled to them as a citi zen of the State When you send to other States send a tencent stamp to pay postage That will bring them THERE IS NO GOD When All Nature Proclaims a Negation of Deity Why Should Men Hold Back and Hesitate to Assert Truth By Henry C Roberts With your permission I would like to say a word to the criticism by B G Mor risen of the advanced position taken in the interest of Rationalistic Truth by Eliza Mowry Blivens Comrade Morrison insists that our fair secretary and propagandist in her heroic treatment of the question of the existence of God and future life is both immodest and dogmatic This Is the stereotyped argument of the defenders of orthodoxy Ask the be liever how it is that his holy book of God is so filled with discrepancy contra diction and absurdity and he immediately accuses you of immodesty and a lack of veneration for the holy bible Pursue the the inquiry how an allwise allgood and Almighty Creator could not only be the instigator of deeds of murder war and tpillage among men but himself the arch criminal in having laid waste as repre sented the fairest portions of his own handiwork meting out death and destruc tion to the Innocent mother and helpless babe and the believer renr s his garment or his hair and cries Blasphemy and would invoke the strong arm of the crim inal law to compel you to lid Ii a more wholesome respect for his feelings and the mandates and precepts of this ancient but sacred relic and a higher regard for his fetich the God of Abraham of Isaac and of critic approvingly quotes the agnos tic attitude of the invincible Col Ingersoll and advises following his lead in the matter But let us see What is the true position of the great Ingersoll on this agitated question t In the last public lecture he delivered he takes a most de cided stand in defence of Scientific Truth And among other things ho dis tinctly says Wo know the paths that a lIfo has traveled Wo know the footsteps of advance They have been traced The last link has been found For this we are Indebted more than to all others to the greatest of biologists Ernest Haeckel We now believe that the universe is nat j fera i f r r 7 d BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 rr ural and we deny the existence of The SupernaturalOur continues Why say there Is no God What real meaning is there to this anyhow God Is simply the Good God Is the plague spot In the body of man society from which sprung hatred strife contention malice envy bigotry and jealousness God or the belief In god alone caused the fires of the Inquisi tion to be lighted God or the belief in God caused the bloodiest wars of history It was at the supposed cowman of a supposed god that tho most diabolical crimes were committed against helpless and decrepit old women and tho most hor rible massacres were precipitated Haeckel In his Riddle of the Universe says Unbelieving Philosophers who have collected disproofs of the existence of God have overlooked one of the strongest arguments In that sense the fact the Roman Vicar of Christ could for twelve centuries perpetrate with impunity the most shameful and horrible deeds In the name of God Why forsooth should we say there Is no God Why when every fact of Nature proclaims the negation of Cod Why when on every hand are the empirical dis proofs that should satisfy the mind of a child f Why longer decry this open cret What have we to gain Not until that hideous grinning ghost called God that has descended to us as r heritage from our primitive ancestors Is courageously assailed and summarily posed of can peace love Joy and happiness brood over a distracted world MATERIALISM IS BEYOND AGNOSTICISM Secretary of Materialists Association Makes Answer to the Recent Crit icism by a Blade Writer tBy Eliza Mowry Bllvens and then another climbs the mountain heights ono hour and then another makes the day centuries eternity t thus wisdom develops step by step Ages ago crude ignorant men Imagined terrible Gods Later priests declared Tho Gods will care for you If we pray and you pay us for paying Great Ingersoll Investigated the matter and taught man kind that their Gods were fictions and Christianity Is a fraud He left It there without deciding how Nature is controlled Because the Great Agnostlo said I dont know every little Agnostic says we must all sit down right there and never try to go another step Those honor the magnlflcient achieve ments ol Pain and Ingersoll most who take up the work where they left It and try to go ahead another step solving the remaining mystery The most thorough Investigation finds no proof of any God no supernatural power over Nature creating It and Its laws guiding it or by miracles changing anything Investigate our proofs and know as we Materialists know itTherei- s no God no future life Nature Is not God the good is not Odd for the term God In all ages and religions has always meant some super natural power bellevedln and worshipped through fear or hope of miraculous and its laws are just matter and Its forces fully capable of doing every thing that Is done by its eternal unchanga ble laws but Incapable of one iota of miraclework in answer to prayers The proofs that there is no God nor future life fearlessly maintained Is the strongest weapon to destroy all the founda tions on which Christian churches and all other religions are built The same proofs the doings of nature and evolution and human Interdependence will build the en during foundations of cooperative morality and Justice not for one chosen people but for all humanity- MATERIALIST ASSOCIATION APPLICATION BLANK I am a Materialist there is no God nor future life Count me a member of Materialist Association Name r Address Sign and send to Eliza Mowry Bliven Secretary Box 76 Brooklyn Conn PROGRAM AT FREETHINKER Continued from Pago Looms but the horror of the Shade And yet the menace pf the years Finds and shall find me unafraid It matters not how strait the gate How charged with punishments the scroll- I am tho Master of my fnte I am the Captain of my soul These words swept over his soul finding all chords In perfect tune The great poet said The evil that men do lives after thorn no evil can be charged to this Just man the good will live In his works and Its memory will live In tho hearts of his friends Ho was seventyfive years old There are compensations for the aged man who keeps up his taste for study and takes time from business cares to allow his mind to broaden with all tho added years Then too a sunny youth shines through the mists of tho past and the sunset of life memories In rainbow colors high In space before hlseyes Then when life wears away finds rest In that serene silence wfuen awaits us WHY JOHNS FAITH WAS CHANGED Continued from Page nothing different awaiting her than awaits others that the fate of her is the fate of all Sooner or later we all will Join her We are in the hands of nature and if it is natures decree to sleep on forever we will r all sleep that deep sleep If she provides a future existence for one she will for all She Is not partial We are all her children and she will care for all alike Dear mother goodbye We love you more and more To live In hearts you leave behind Is not to die Again goodbye Whether the children understood It all or pot they lingered awhile longer and oh such tearssuch sad sweet tears Then John took both tenderly by the hand and together they wended their way homewardto that desolate home without a mother to that home that changed his r life to that home that shook his faith RAILWAY MEN ATTENTION If you need a Watch to meet the new re quirements of the Railway Service study well and compare prices of these 18 size lever set Watches ILUITDEN Special Railway 23 jewels i20 NEW RAILWAY 23 jewels 29 CRESCENT STR 21 jewels same jewels 20 845 new model 21w3jewels ELGIN Veritas 23 jewels 29 rather Time 21 jewels 2250 B W Raymond jewels 20 some jew cls 1850 All the above in 3 or 4 ounce Sil venue Screw Case prepaid with guarantee that each watch is latest improved of grade specified new and perfect and will pass rigid railway inspection In gold filled cases guaranteed by manufacturers for 25 years 5 more Have advertised in this paper since first issue- DIAMONDS PEARLS OPALS ETC I am an expert in this line and will save ou 20 cent if you will order of me En gapemcnt and wedding rings a specialty Send for list of watches not listed above Jewelry Freethought Badges Ingersoll Spoons Rings Silver and Plated Ware tical Goods and my Tract Theism In Tho Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook County Illinois + 7 lt BLUE GRASS BLADE c x x x x XX x x xx Hxx x ft I Cbe Blades Correspondence f it rJ ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS L MOFF1TT Thanks for renewal Extra copies of Paine suo sent as requested W II COX Congrntulations appreciated and we wish you success both for our sake and your own J II WUENCEThnnks for renewal Your letter of praise brings a decided encour GRAY Your great interest in the Blade is appreciated and we wish there were more as energetic as you We are tunate in the possession of many good staunch friends but for the real help we can always turn to you in the hour of need I ISAAC CONNORYou have hit a great truth in your letter and by living up to it we propose to still increase the Blades useful ness Thanks t1oms II M The hearty welcome t to you upon returning to the Blade columns is a sufficient indication how much t your efforts are appreciated by our readers F B HALT The trouble has been happily settled Of course you could not anticipate that and as no harm was done everything is 0 TIIEOPIHLUS PIIILOSOPHIUS We have printed a portion of your first letter because of the splendid suggestions it contains A LUTTERMANWhen a man wants to be let out we have no choice but to sub mit but when the idolaters of the Christian myth have conspired to slander the name of Paine it is bad taste to find fault with the many Freethinkers who are working to cuef that name from the oblivion to which thodoxy had consigned it arclfer considerable good cheer LOUIS ROSER Back copies of Blade have been sent 04 requested Many thanks t your kind letter E J HOFFPAUIR Thanks for your let ter of commendation In these times of governmental tyranny and conspiracy against liberty wo must stand together i L JfIt4Rt629r6 SPPyeu5aw ssr i ALBERT SIMMONS Thanks for clippings Sample copies sent as directed GROVER HANCOCK We will send both hooks postpaid as announced for 225 to any address in the U Sor Canada SILAS ROCKWELL Send us the suggested contribution It will act as a tonic to unity others CORRESPONDENCE Sends in a List NEWTON IOWA Enclosed please find draft for 2r as per blank filled out You might send mo a few copies of the Paine ber for distribution II L MOFF1TT Promise of More Help MARIETTA OHIO Please accept my thanks for the several copies of the Blade which came to mo yesterday I shall go to wonc ntonce as per agreement and see if there is anything in me from a solicitors standpoint If there is you are entitled to it all I like the now style of the Blado She is handy to handle and gee whiz just full of the pure cream no kinimons and with the caliber of the guns at your command you should be able to fire a shot that will cause them all to sit up and take noticeW II COX Splendid Compliment CANAL FULTON OHIO My Blade ex pired the first day of February The lost number I received was January 10 which came in an improved form I think it will quite nn improvement I see Mr Cliarlesworth has concluded to help to pusi the Blade along I consider him one of the best lecturers in the liberal field and his funeral addresses are simply grand In closed please find 150 for my Blade another yearJ B LAWRENCE Bible Made Him an Atheist FOREST CITY TOWAllenlo find enclosed order for one dollar and fifty cents to pay for the Blade until the first day of October 1008 I have been a reader of the Blade for ten years If I had not liked the Blade I would not have spent my money for it I like the paper better now than I did whom Mr O 0 Mooro edited it There is not so much quarreling in the paper now as there was some years back I dislike quar reling I am free to say that I have found more beneficial reading in the Blade titan in all the books and papers that I ever read except the bible Reading the bible made an atheist of mo and I think the reading of the bible will make an atheist of any honest intelligent man or woman If nil the men and women of America had read the Blue Grass Blallall long as have John Alexander Dowio would never havo been known as the first apostle and tin City of Zion would never have been if all men and women would read the Blade they would not build churches and support thousands of yelping bull necked priests and preachers For the priests and preachers know no more about Godthe Devil heaven or hell or a human Soul or a life after what we call death than a hungry hog knows about music A hungry hog knows enough about music to make a hell of a noise and all that the priests and preachers know about God or the Devil is to make a hell of a noise I would be pleased to send five subscribers to the Blade but cannot live in a neighborhood of Swedes Norwegians and Danes and they are till confirmed Luth erans All of them expects a crown in ex change of their checks when they pass them in ISAAC CONNER Would Like Name Changed ASHLAND KYInclosed you will find my check for four dollars and fifty cents which you will kindly place io the credit of my father L J Gray at Xenia Ohio I know he will not want to miss an issue Since starting this letter I have collected three more dollars to bo applied to S Carrs account and one fifty for a new sub scriber Dr William Saulisbury Please start him on the first Magazine issue By way of continent would say I am very pleased with the new form of paper and I heartily indorse what Parrish Ladd says in regard to changing the name of the paper to the Ago of Reason I am indeed pleased to see our old time writers returning suchas Mrs Henry Dr T J Bowles and our old friend M Grier Kiddcr whom I have always thought tho best Kidder ofall Now what is the matter with that old War Horse Dr Wil son Try and get him back in tho harness as you know we all miss his writings very much Capt R S Carr sends his best wishes and says ho likes the paper much bet ter in its now form BANNING GRAY Also Approves Change AUGUSTA MICHIGAN The Blade canoe to hand O K I enclose an article o- rmneleA criticism on a preachers foolish ness If you can send mo 4 copies as I want to send one to J 0 Smith and one to ly4r f i ith IL BLUE GRASS BLADE 15 the preacher Wo must carry the war into Africa and get after nil the rot that the preachers are trying to force down the people Now if you publish the enclosed dont forget the copies In my haste I forget to give you praise for the beautiful sizejust right to hold easy and all around improvement in the Blade made recently I think it very much better and I believe with Parrish Indd that the name ought to be changed to The Ago of Reason so as to represent the cause we fight for This is onlya suggestion and may not be proper in the case as other things may have bearings P HxiiJj Copy Has Been Sent DUNCAN MO Enclosed you will find ten cents in stamps for which please send me a few copies of the Blue Grass Blade And have you copies of Dog Fennel for sale NOLA Is God MAYSVILLE KY Enclosed find stamps please send me copy each of No 30 40 41 for same and oblige Much has been said lately about the In God We Trust on the dollar I think it would Le the proper thing to make it In Gold Wo Trust and this is God Then mako it half its value in silver and half in gold like the Christian God LOUIS ROSER From A CoLaborer ABBEVILLE LAI wish to thank you for your mention of the Red Flag in last issue of the Blade Wo have last secured second class rates and most of our troubles are over I aslo desire to compliment you on the appearance of tho Blade Tho now dress makes it very much easier to keep Will say a good word for tho Blade whenever possible I enclose a list of radical freethinkers to whom you may send sample copies E J I10FFPAUIR tQuite A Bundle Of Praise Franklin Pa I have just received first copy of the t paper in new dress Am well pleased with it I like it and would be delighted to send you names of some who would read and become subscribers but in this land of bibles blighted by tho light of tho gus pil opaque darkness of ignorance bigotry and superstition I know of none A few weak kneed doubters there are but for peace policy or fear of their better half dare not investigate or tako Into their homes anythliig that questions the truth t and holiness of gods holy word I find some amusement interviewing tho clergy as to tho whyness of the which and the wherefore of tho what and get some of i 5 1 them to read some of our illustrious Ron ert Gs productions Such as The Declaration Of the Free Facts worth knowing nnd Impeachment of Christianity by Abbot It confuses and sometimes con founds them For the lay members I have some paraphrasing of sacred bosh that I spring on them on suitable occasions such as this Praise gwad from whom nil evils flow Praise him for what he does not know Praise him for what he has not done Praise him for murdering his only son Then sing Glory Halluyah Wo will goon Glory Hell and Onions Wo will goonserving out fraud god mighty hellions Hellions are brands plucked from the eternal burning hells kindling badly of Christ is a consuming firehe is angry with the wicked every day and upon them Ho will rain a horrible tempest of hell fire and damnation The Lord God is a sun of shield He will give grace and glory to the hypo crlt No thing will be withheld from the fellow that can swipe it I am nearing the sixtyninth mile stone this trip and do not expect to come + N NNNNNNNNNNNNNN this way again Was raised strenuously orthodox in community of Methodism Campbelllte and Presbyterian Heard J their discussions and bickering but took exception to all of them Wus pursuaded while in my teens to bow at tho foot of the cross and try to cultivate my Imagination to the accepting and saving point but the pill was too insipid the plan too absurd and illogical and I steppeu out of the ranks Have lived my life without fear or reverence for an Impossible God No hope or desire to be saved by the plan of priestcraft Have no fear or dread of thp unknown future but the time to live Is now the place here and the way to enjoy life is to do right in trying to help others enjoy it full success YrryouJ W BOWMAN Let us believe neither half of the good people tell us of ourselves nor half the evil they say of others To refuse to give way to the blues and to keep cheerful whatever happens is a practical way of making others happy NNNNNNNNHNN N + i THE TELEOMECHANICS OF NATURE i The above entitled work in 8 parts and 115 chapters treats of tho source s nature and functions of the subconscious minds or cellsoul as Prof Haeckel terms them which are beginning to be recognized by Biologists Psy chologists rind Physiologists a the consciously and intelligently operating + + + factors in the evolution of plant and animal life and to the study of which I have devoted a lifetime condensing myviews and observations in the above = r + volume It is devoid of all metaphysical speculation and from the mass of + scientifically demonstrated facts the reader will draw his own conclusions regarding the tenability of the God and Immortality doctrines Mrs Josephine K Henry of Versailles Ky President of The Free thought Federation Of America writes as follows s if Received the SynopsIs of your book liThe TeleoMechanIcs of Nature and read it with great profit and pleasure It has opened up great fields of + to me I will keep your pamphlet near mo perhaps it will bring tmoro light as I read and ponder A world groping in darkness needs you You a student scientist and philosopher and have scored several points + + against Haeckel that it seems to me cannot be controverted I truly hope that your book will have a wide circulation in all lands and will be translated into srtmany languages Prof Ernest Haeckel writes My dear Mr Wettstein Your treatise in the form of a Synopsis of your book The TeleoMechanics Of Nature being a commendable critique of j+ my WorldRiddles has been received and read with great interest While we + differ on a few questions notably the one relating to the consciousness ot uncoiipcioiipnes of the mind in Nature I sincerely hope that your masterly = efforts will contribute much towards dispelling the obscurity and confusion pre + vailing in these momentous problems of Science and Philosophy + highest esteem Yours etc Great Combination Offer A copy of the Synopsis a large 16 page pamph + + let in handsome cover price 10c a copy of Facts Worth Knowing con + tanning addresses of Ingersoll Pentecost and Mr Henry price 15c and 2Paines Ago of Reason price 25c 50c value tl sent prepaid on receipt in stamps or silver First two books alone for 10c to all mentioning + the Blade HERMANN WETTSTEIN Z 412414 Main Street Fitzgerald Georgia f 1 I r cV BLUEGRASS BLADE DOG FENNEL In THE ORIENT by Charles Chilton Moore When a young man the author had started out to walk through the Holy Lands on foot Reaching Paris he gave up the journey and returned home Ile made the trip by rail t and boat about three years before his death This book gives an account of what he saw and explodes numerous Christian myths It tor is especially suitable for a present Cloth Bound 350 Pages Postpaid 125 I No Freethinker should be without it it lAddress orders to BLUE GRASS BLADE LLexington Ky l A TRIP TO ROME r fi by I DR J B WILSON The International Congress of Freethinkers fi was held in the City of Rome Italy Sep Irtember 21 1004 The author attended that l Congress as the American delegate It is an account of travel and personal experiences that has received an universal encomium from press and people In it religious dogmas and tales of priestly fiction are ruthlessly ex posed while the general style is without com parison in American literature of travel Cloth bound 360 pages illustrated Postpaid 125 Address orders to BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky The Virgin cYVlary- By M Grier Kidder Paper 10 Cents This article first appeared in the columns of the Blade and Editor Moore and James E Hughes were indicted by the federal Grand jury at Louisville for sending ob scene matter through the mails The prose cution was dismissed The article was then republished in the Blade and later put into pamphlet form Thousands of copies have been sold It is a useful missionary docu ment Full of humor and argument Twentyfive copies for 100 BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky Y 1 Three of WINWOOD READES Celebrated Wor- ksMartyrdom of Man NOW ITS TWELFTH EDITION a the undergoneits martytdomIn eat It err chapterof 11rlodauthor cnnceles a CLOTH 100 1lTHE VEIL OF ISIS OR THE MY6181183 oftno Dmias a and rour the that the Cloth 100 net j postage 14c rublBOI ml Ky 4 ISMAND NEW ORLEANS 1 L WITHOUT1I II QUEEN a CRESCENT ROUTE I 1 Winter Tourist Tickets 1GoodFor Information and lilt of hotels address 0 G KING 01 0 T A Main Be Lexington Ky f Get in line Join the Army of Blade readers d i Jj uuuu