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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, March 22, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908032201 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, March 22, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. x BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVI Number 48 LEXINGTON KY MARCH 22 igo8 Published Weekly DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OR flr FREEDOM OF THOUGHT IE 1HELfM LUCAS it 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE 0 HELEN M LUCAS x + w00To teach the good there is In life and make human happiness with justice the primary pursuit is one of the fundamental principles of Freethought Devious paths are trod in this under ne and both sexes are now prominently figuring in the work With nn unselfish devotion to the cause of truth Mrs Helen M Lucas of Marietta Ohio has labored Indefatigably to bring the name of Thomas Paine before the American people in its true light and through Kim to awaken an educated intelligence In bile mind Quietly and unostentatiously in her Ohio home Mrs Lucas pursues her chosen course and many have long recbg rued the splendid work she is doing She does not obtrude annoy or offend Her work is carried on with such cWaracteristlc gentleness and certainty that she commands a respectful attention from the start Helen M Lucas tho subject of this sketch was born in pinre New Dunham Township Washington county Ohio on the 1day of August 1841 Her father was a Clark and her mother rhnnpjiR Both were Intelligent broad and liberal minded and refined Their liberality was inherited by their children It was an unselfish and selfsacrificing family and the greatest tribute ever pnld may be found in the expression given by Mrs Lucas herself saying I am proud of my parents and when my father died mv mother told me that he was proud of his children Miss Helen M Clark as our heroine was formerly known was married to Henry G Lucas who was born in Mount Holly Now Jersey HarryLucassons were born to them One Is a Major in the marine service of the United States a second Is a practicing physician and tho third agoThe the principal causes that led thereto constitutes an interesting chapter In her life leadlnAthpretoyears ago a Catholic told Mrs Lucas that her children were never religionWhethershould be Catholics She explained in what way her husband hnd been made to surrender his childrens rights as well as his own before she married him Her mother was a Catholic and her father a Freethinker He was a widower with several chil dren whose mother was a Protestant While her father was away on business her mother took all of her stepchildren to a thefatherbrought her there to do the best she could for his children and thnt was the best she could do This astounding account ended with the words and she had no more trouble with him wrongstowere extremo Catholics or whether such absolute disregard of rights of others were in accord with the general practice of the church Study from all available Catholic sources confirmed the representations above given As her Investigations continued she was convinced that she was under particular obligations to help others to learn these things and to matte religious liberty her object in life She thinks the union of church and state Is pernicious and undlsrattend them She wonders that so few secularists protest against r anything so unjust as well as subversive of state constitutions which snNo person shall be compelled to attend erect or support any place of worship against his consent and no pref erence shall be given by law to any religious society nor shall any interference with the rights of conscience be permitted The rights of conscience of all who do not accept orthodox protestant ism is interfered with school buildings are erected and cared tor at the expense of the people even those who oat no property pay for rents Include taxes Preference Is given to the religious r society to which the teacher who acts as chaplain belongs Most state constitutions If not all of them forbid th control of any public funds by any religious sect or sects bUt such i f control Is held in public schools reformatories and all charitable Institutions and indirectly in all private schools churches and Young Mens Christian Associations Many people do not know they are paying for religion even when the tax Is direct and more do not know they are taxed Indirectly by way of exemptions Besides many never suspect they are taxed at all by tho National Government which provides for religion generously at the peoples expense although the United States constitution says Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion- A good authority has stated that at first only one chaplain was appointed and he was to serve without pay When we con sider to what an extent the abuse has grown and know that citizens otherwise intelligent believe that religious liberty means the privilege of a religion to tax everyone for its support we wonder if we secularists are not somewhat to blame Chaplains to whom religious tests are applied in violation of the constitu tion are multiplied promoted to high rank and paid large salaries A bill to appropriate two hundred thousand dollars per year for chapels nt army posts has been offered and urged in Congress Mrs Lucas believes there can be no evolution carrying tho world forward to the attainment of right principles without earnest continuous effort which above all other things must be Judicious for an untimely contemptuous expression is likely to spoil good work We may consider a religious dogma foolish but we may not call one who believes it a fool We must respect his opinions however widen the gulf which separates them from our own as we hope he will some day respect ours He will never respect ours if we make them revolting Mrs Lucas says The character of those who work for secularism should be above reproach and they should never lose opportunities for self Improvement They should be patient with each other and with everyone Their methods always kind reasonable and seasonable with adherents and opponents Their associations should be refined and they should educate their children in the same environment They should never yield to discouragement and never by silence seem to consent to aggressions of tho church dutytois despotism and that control of religious sects endangers the life of the Republic Mrs Lucas recommends a poem to brother secularists because It shows the glorious beauty of selfsacrifice She used it once in a defense of Paine thinking of him as gathering the spears to nls breast when he published the Ago of Reason The poem follows ARNOLD WINKELRIED- In arms the Austrian phalanx stood A living wolla human wood A wall where every conscious stone Seemed to its kindred thousands grown A rampart all assaults to bear Till time to dust their frames should wear A wood like that enchanted grove In which with friends Rinaldo strove Where every silent tree possessed J A spirit prisoned in Its breast Which the first stroke of coming strlfoIWould startle Into hideous life So dense so still the Austrians stood Impregnable their front appears All horrent with projecting spears Whose polished points before them shine From flank to flank one brilliant line Bright as the breakers splendors run Along the billows to tho sun And now the work of life and death Hung on tho passing of a breath The fire of conflict burned within Tho battle trembled to begin Yet while the Austrians held their ground l Continued on page 15 t Jzi 1 ii tjitil 22r f r BLUE GRASS BLADE a J + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + v + + + NSM II EqualityT i Speech Delivered at a Banquet Given by the Susan Anthony Club at Cincin nati on the Paine Anniversary By Dr J B Wilson The above Toast was responded to by Dr B Wilson at the Annual Banquet given by The Susan B Anthony Club at the now Hotel Havlin Cincinnati February 29 Annual Banquet is one of the big events in Cincinnati The large and mag niflcleut banquet hall was crowded with representative women of not only the suf fragist party but of The Twentieth Cent ury Club The Womens Press Club W C T U and other societies Be sides there were present a goodly number of gentlemen sympathizers represent ing the different professions Dr Sarah Slewers presided and twenty toasts were responded to In such an assembly the remarks of Dr Wilson could not otherwise but prove a novelty and something out of the ordinary but nevertheless none were more warmly received Dr Wilson spoke as follows 1Madam Toastmaster and Ladles and Every nation enshrines as sacred the records of Its earliest existence Every Individual marks the date of his birth as the one great important event of his life Every organization cherishes the memory of its founders Every great muse hallows the name of him who first gave voice to Its principles cherishes as sacred his words and embalms them in the amber of loves eternal remembrance- No addition to its archives I am sure can be of greater interest to workers In the cause than that of information as to who made the first public plea in this country for Woman Sufferage and what that plea lt wasI am proud to say that the first person publicly to speak in behalf of sex equality was a man I amsorry to be compelled to say that through ignorance prejudice and wilful misrepresentation no man In the history of America has been treated so un justly and ungratefully so vlllifled by men and hated by women as this very friend of women and universal benefactor of the human race But that is the penalty which in nearly every instance tho reformer and pioneer of progress must pay In fifty or a hundred years from now when woman kind shall have become free I fiflJ 40r t IJII W V + 14V W VIV W V and has stepped into possession of her natural rights she will then aspire to do honor to this great loving soul whom In her ignorance she has so long unjustly public plea ever made in be half of the rights of the women of America appeared in the August number of The Pennsylvania Magazine published in Phila delphia 1775133 years ago and was writ ten by the Editor of the same Magazine It is entitled An Occasional Letter on the Female Sex I will have time to give you only the lowing extract Behold the condition of women through out tho world Affronted in one country by polygamy which gives them rivals for inseparable companions inslavcd In another by Indissoluble ties which often Join the gentle to the rude and sensibility to brutality Even in countries where they may be esteemed most happy constrained in their desires In the disposal of their gods robbed of their freedom of will by the lawsthe slaves of opinion which rules their with absolute sway and construes the slightest appearances into guilt sur rounded on all sides by Judges who are at once their tryants and seducers and who after having prepared their faults punish every lapse with dishonornay usurp the rights of degrading them on suspicion Who conscious of this degradation and in justice does not feel a pity for the tender sexYet such I am sorry to say is the lot of woman over the whole earth- Man with regard to them in all climates and in all ages has been either an Insensi ble husband or an oppressor Sometimes they experience the cold and deliberate oppression of pride and often the violent and terrible tyranny of Jealousy When they are not beloved they are nothing and when they are they are tormented They have almost equa1 cause to be afraid of indifference and love Over three quar ters of the globe Nature has placed them between contempt and misery Even among people where beauty re ceives the highest homage we find men who would deprive the sex of every kind of virtuous woman says a cele brated Greek is she who is least talked of Imperious man while he imposes duties on women would deprive them of the sweets of public esteem and in exacting i ii A iJit MhL ltl 4 i virtues from them would make it a crime to aspire to honor If a woman were to defend the cause ofher sex she might address men in the lowing manner How great 0 man Is your Injustice If we have an equal right with you in vir tue why should we not have nn equal right in government The public esteem should wait upon merit bo it of either sex Our duties are different from yours but they are not less difficult to fulfill or of less consequence to society They are the foundations of your felicity and the sweetness of life We are wives and mothers TIs we who form the union and the cordiality of families tis we who soften the savage rudeness which con siders everything as due to force and which would involve man with man In eternal war We cultivate In you that humanity which makes you feel for the misfortunes of others and our tears forewarn you of your own danger Nay you cannot be Ignorant that we have need of courage not less than you More feeble In ourselves we have r perhaps more trials to encounter Nature assails us with sorrowlaw and custom press us with constraint and sensibility ana virtue alarm us by their continual you offer your blood to the state the blood you offer Is ours In giving the state our sons and our husbands we give it more than ourselves You can only die on the field of battle but we have the nits fortune to survive those whom we the most Alas while vour ambitious vanity is ceasingly laboring to cover the earth with statutes with monuments and Inscriptions to eternize If possible your names and give yourselves an existence and a memory when this body is no more why must we be condemned to live and die unknownto be unhonored by statute and monument Be not our tyrants longer Permit our names to be sometime pronounced beyond the narrow circle in which we live Per mit friendship or at least love to Inscribe its emblems on the tomb where our ashes repose and deny us not that public es teem that suffrage and that right which after the esteem of ones self Is the sweetest reward of welldoing These burning words remember are only a small portion of that plea American history has been carefully searched but previous to this utterance not a word from statesman soldier or minister of tho gospel had ever been publicly uttered in America In defense of the Rights of Woman They were written at a tlmo when nearly allamen and women as well were completely under the spell of the clergy and bound to their slavish superstitions t ifl They believed as the scriptures taught ire l ivw4 BLUE FRASS BLADE that woman should be obedient to her husband as he to the Lord that she should maintain silence in churches and If she heard anything there she did not derstand she should go home and ask her husbandand you all know what gushing fountains of wisdom most husbands are And never since this first plea for the American woman was made up to this hour has any one ever uttered such a scathing denunciation against the tyranny of men or a more powerful defense for the rights of woman These words I have read you should be printed In letters of gold and hung on the walls of the house of every woman who Is today courageously contending for her rightsIf Suffragists of Cincinnati would make a history for themselves they should hasten to bring these historical utterances to the light and place them at the head of the first chapter In the history of the cause If they uo not it is only a question of time until the Suffragist Society of some other city will claim the honor Quite naturally all of you are anxious to know the name of the man who made this first public plea for the women of somethingIwas the first man to publicly declare for the independence of the Colonies from Great Britlan He was first to write the words The United States of America first to point out the dangers of slavery and to declare for the freedom of the Negro first to arraign monarchy and to point out the danger of its survival in the presidency first to advocate International arbitration 0first to expose the absurdity and criminal ity of duelling first to suggest more rational Ideas of marriage and divorce first to advocate national and International copyright first to plead for the animals and first to demand justice for woman In fact the whole circle of numan ideas and principles was recognized by this lone wayfaring man who claimed the world t his country and to do good his only re liglonF Washington did with the sword he did with the pen and but for him the causejcapitolzrcountry the mere pup pets of organized bigotry have not had the of44Yother ono man American liberty is due Nor is his name emblazoned on the proud tablets of any Hall of Fame The reason that he has thus been neglected Is that he committed one great crimethe unpardon able crime of declaring for the freedom of i ii d the brains as well as of the bodies of both women and men His name does not need to be inscribed in any Hall of Fame for it is Inscribed in the hearts of Humanitarians all over this wide world and brighter and brighter it ever glows Aye his splendid spirit has found glorious fellowship in the Valhalla of the undying years As he stood up for women when no one else dared so do I stand up for him now And his name wasThomas Paine the Author Hero of the Revolution the in fidelthe friend of woman when she had no friend and the very first to voice her rights as well as that of the animal and Rights will grow just as wo man becomes mentally free and there is not a woman once having become free but should wish to add a trilliant to a coronet for that mans brow IIINOLJFEBEYONDTBE GRAVE In All Nature There Is a Natural Revolt Against Death Persons Believing In a Future Life Are In No Hurry To Get Into It ByJ H Schwartz If it were in the scheme of nature to continue th sllfe in another world filled with eternal bliss our human natures would be In perfect harmony with it Our yearnings and longings from birth would bo for death Our belief Is an acquisition Our natural propensities are inborn or innate and aro results of our materialistic makeup There are many who believe in a future existence and yet they do not seem to wish to leave this life and world This goes to prove that their very natures cling tenaciously to this life The natural desire to live now Is greater than the acquired de sire to live hereafter Many a person has contemplated suicide but at the lastmpment his heart failed him Is not this but a natural revolt against you over far away from homo for a long time Do you remember how slowly the train moved along on your Journey homeward Wasnt your anxiety to reach home greater than the desire to loiter along the way- Likewise If life Isn journey and heaven our destination and it Is a fact in nature would It not Wfbut natural to desire death lWould we not then be glad to leave the different stations ot life behind us But 77had Jefbetweeneternal life here and an tern l life yonder which Mt 1kw Itr J =01 W1 in 00 OR would we choose Is not our natural love for things terrestlal greater than for things celestial We recoil at the thought of death We seek health resorts to prolong this life here No sane person who has health and can command the necessities of life seeks death or craves the hereafter This proves to me that our very natures proclaim this the only life and that death Is disintegra tion and finality The hope for a future life would Indeed be a beautiful reality if all could live again but it becomes repulsive when Straight Is the way and narrow the gate and there be that enter therein And yet fewIthe hope to live on Lilt a sequel to the sire to live now The hope for a future conscious existence is not a natural inclination nor a normal condition of the mman mind as some contend Primitive man entertained no such hopes Many savage tribes have been found that know nothing of such ideas Whatever is natural and normal is innate Hopes are acquired Because the universe shall stand forever is no argument that man will live forever Cosmos as a whole is eternal so are the I atoms that compose It but the differentrcombinations of the atoms are transient The sun the earth the tree the bug the potato and man are but temporary r forms of matter and to admit future life for any wo must for all Man has no pre eminence over the others for all are of of the atoms of our bodies today will be replaced by others tomorrow Now if all atoms are intelligent as some believe are not those that have been scattered all along the pathway of life as intelligent as those that happen to be a part of us at death If so and they should take a notion to reconstruct us what monstrous giants wo would bel The Colossus of Rhodes would be but a pygmy in comparison And again when our bodies are resolved to the original atoms through disintegration and are all absorbed by the grasses and some beast devours the grass and it In turn Is consumed by some other person r who will have the first valid right to those J atoms In tho resurrection Might not con flicting claims cause an Insurrection I can not conceive of losing our materialistic natures and taking on the t I can comprehend nothing outside of matterj and energy and they are Inseparable fWhenever I attempt to think ofa spirit I got lost It becomes at once resolved into a nonentity To see how a material may become a spiritual being Is beyond my ken Let him demonstrate who can how a something can become nothing and yet exist and I will fall prostrate at his feet t urrS JyZ BLUE GRASS BLADE It t t Timely Topics for Pious Persons Z VN NH But What a Different Point Of View Would Be Presented Could They Have Been Handled By Those Herein Suggested t By Harriet M Closz This week occured the Annual Banquet of the Des Moines Iowa Ministerial As sociation at which the Rev Finis Idleman was toastmaster Who says there Is nothing in a name Could anyone suggest a more appropriate one for the average minister His an cestors of old when adopting the name of Idleman must have projected their vision Into the futureto this age and foreseen their pious posterity and the immediate parents with a line sense of fitness of thingsIntuitively understanding that the end of the necessity for ministers was at hand named tnls sonFinis To show Blade readers how very much concerned these men of god are In chris tianizing the people how desperately ercised are they about the Souls Salvation how mighty the burdens they bear for their fellows I quote some of the subjects as signed to menlbers present as reported by the press Here they are Bluo Monday Weddings and Fees Barrels Rewards of the Ministry The dove of peace that nests In the must admit that these subjects are pregnant with possibilities and speaking for myself I would have been glad to hear them though I dare say that Josephine K Henrys article Indigo Sunday In com parison with Blue Monday would have cast a gloom of green over the Christian con clave Or could Editor Charlesworth have elaborated on Weddings and Fees or Rewards of the Ministry there would have been food for thought served with facts and advice worth feeding upon And then could John F Clarke have caught that Dove of Peace that Nests In the Choir and plucked Its every feather while expatiating on Its pleasurable proximinlty to the pulpit and the privilege of such a sheltered place to nest I feel sure that the poor nude songster would hereafter be content with a more lonoly nesting nook and would like the bird with the broken pinion never sail so high I In all sincerity I would like to In quire what any or all these subjects have to do with the problems that are r pressing so Insistently for solution t What relation have they to the unrighteous ad ministration of our laws t Wnat bearing can their discussion have upon the mighty influence for evil which seems to pervade the time There are 150000 preachers In the United States representing millions of sermons annually and yet we note that usury Is exacted and usurpation unpunished Virtue is victimized and Integrity goes down in the balance with tainted money There are approximately 30000000 of church communicants under this great and glorious governmentof ours yet every crime on the calendar Is committed every wrong on record is repeated with Impunity Political Intrigue flourlsehs and the ficials of finance are shown high favor Social station Is exalted and the preach be tween loyal laborers and pious plunderers broadens dally There are hundreds of emotional Evangelists galavantlng about preaching repentance but the list of lifes tragedies continues to lengthen The problem of prostitution Is pondered with great gravity but the generous Christian supporter of the system goes unscathed The martial wrongs of women are mind destroying but these domestic demons are often untrammeled In their tyrannies There are thousands of Chujph Societies Christian Endeavors Epworth Leagues Prayer Circles Missionary and Mite So cieties Grown Peoples Young Peoples and Junior Societies Willing Workers Sunbeams Christian Children Kings Daughters Young Mens Bands and a host of others which collect hundreds of thous ands of dollars every year and the mem bers of which expend much time and energy or are supposed to do so In promulgating the precepts of Christianity but wo face the fact that character is distorted truth gagged Justice strangled and freedom fettered And why Because of the entirely erroneous teach Ings of the Christian system Through centuries of such teaching we havo become so saturated with the poison ous solution that much time will be re to soak out the virus The scheme of Salvation is not only unsatisfactory but selfish and the teaching of vicarious atonement Is most vicious In its effects making us amenable togod relieves us of responsibility to our fellowman thereby throwing wide the door to our own basement and makingpossible the ex ploitation of the weakand Ignorant put t ting a premium on hypocritical deception writing high on the religious roll of honor the words Faith not works and granting gracious guarantee to eternal happiness for the lifelong criminal who accepts salvation with the sigh of dissolution We are quite willing to grant to these Doctors of Divinity their annual diversion of discussing and dissecting the Dove of peace that nests In the choir and kindred subjects providing they will during the remainder of the year pull from his perch the bird of prey that roosts In the pulpit and provided they will preach the truth as It Is revealed to them through association with the toll and tears of their tonersvice teach the Individual responsibility of each to all and all to each thus crowding out faith and restoring and reseating reason upon her throne When they do this the Rationalist workers will reach to them willing and helpful hands with kindly comradeship travel with them along the toilsome and tortuous way of human progress When they do this the ideal of lifeso distinctly delineated on the horizon of the reformer but which has been delayed In development by hypocritical pretensewill approach When they do this It will not alone bo possible for the dove of peace to nest In the choir but the Birds of Peace and Plenty of Love and Liberty of truth and trust of Joy and justice will nest and rear their young In the Heart of Humanity The Work That Helps VANCOUVER WASHFind enclosed 200 Send six moths subscription to the names given I may pick up one or two more for you Send sample copies to the following MRS H D BURROWS Just Bet Its Running LOS ANGELES CALIs the dear old Blue Grass Blade still published by you or Is It dead If it still lives send me a copy I will subscribe for It again as I am likely to remain here for a while any wayI H FOWLER Have You a Garden P Then write to mo for some of my VELVET BEAN SEED And you will bo bono fited thereby 250 per bushel x W F BOZEMAN LEESBURG FLAv wwaa i a aw ss T 1 tpt7114k I f 1 il 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE t 1 We Need no Church 1 Z Z N H N N N N N H N N N N N H N N N N N N H N H N N N The Power of treethought Lies in Its Indi vidualism ana ivien smouid not be Made Subservient to a Few uy Mrs ueorge Vale loony ou nave left the church many or you were never church members just synch you thought yourselves tree tae euurcnes ot the Spiritual is is were or ganized many or their members calling tnemseives Christian Spiritualists be cause they hud Incorporated In their creed theyapwith that name or title ever existed was me worlds greatest medium and would nave been Us saviour but that he was martryed thus aiding In perpetuating the falsehood tuught by the socalled Christian church and their attempts to reconcile the admonition to love thy neighbor as thyself and Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you do ye even so to them given by others some of whom were by Ulble writers called Jesus with his decla ration Luke XIV If any man come to me and hate not his father and mother und wife and children and brethren and sisters yea and his own life also he can not be my disciple And whosoever doth not bear his cross and come after me cannot be my disciple Or in other words they who were not willing to follow him in going about crucifying those whom he chose to condemn would be only pretend ing to be his disciples even though the condemned should be their own families for he had said and a mans foes shall be they of his own household and had promised thatthere is no man that path kept House or brethren or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or lands for my sake and the gospels but ho shall receive a hundred ford now in this time houses and brethren and sisters and mothers and children and lands with persecutions and in the world to come eternal life But many that are first shall be last and last shall be first You will see by these passages which occur in Mark X 2931 that the disciples were promised that they should become possessed of the property of their victims and should in addition persecute each a hundred wives mothers sisters and chil dren besides breLnren exactly what the followers of other cruel Jewish kings have done Their attempts I say to reconcile t ttl i j r mJI JP lUlU ulkn llitOOfJJU UIMj iiie utterly ameruut teachings of persons uAtiuuj opposite characters are as de inuieiiiui to tne cause of truth as related me liiuio und us real stories as are those tile socaiiea Christians jvfauaibt ate phenomena of Spiritualism ana me word ot opirituuligts as to what of evidence ot a suture life has been pre sented to them have nothing to say and can laid no cause tor doubting the sertions ot any person whose honesty on otntr suojects is beyond question but if they are right in at wny must they cling to the false gods Judahismr And not only did the jspintuailsts or Spiritists as some nave named them organize church societies but Materialists have done the same and one organizer advertises for the assistance of all who know that there is no God nor future life Somewhere I nave read In that persons hand the statement I am the first und only one to recognize tnese great truths And further he statesl am a graduate in the knowledge of God Just whether he means that he knows all that God knows or Knows all about God when he calls himself a graduate in the knowledge of God is not quite clear to me but ho professes to teach the truth about God and just which one of the many gods he means I do not know but I should like to ask how he ex pects to receive assistance from others who know when he is the first and only one to know How can others know what he alone knows Then he would teach the truth about a thing that he declares does not exist and all to save our children from becoming idolators of a dead Jewish god A few centuries ago all rulers were called gods and we cannot destroy that fact neither can we deny that sometime In the remote past the creator within Nature was cailea God and as to the first discoverer of what some choose to call these great truths others long ago thought themselves the first and in Eden the dust thou art and unto dust thou shalt return was the denial of the future life and in another portion of the book we read The fool hath said in his heart There is no God and In Acts XXIII And when he had 50 said there arose a dissension between the Pharisees and the Sadducees and the multitude was di vided For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection neither angel nor spirit but the Pharisees confess both and today we lave the same conditions f rr5iIi4 l tdjRl IIitIIl jJJ liC iIIIij the dissension between the Spiritists or Pharisees and the Materialists or Sad dusees both sects of the Jews And now that one organizer advertises for a lecturer who may earn perhaps two three four or even nve thousands of dollars a year one thousand of winch he is to retain as his salary while the remainder is to go to enrich the church In organization lies the danger to the masses for thus the power to rule is vested in the few to the destruction of the recognition of the rights of the many and in two or three generations the descendants of those now joining the new or old church would be as strongly orthodox and as hopelessly enslaved us are those whom you pity now I and as surely the worshippers of one or another of the Jewish gods the gods of tne Saddusees You can deny the existence of any or all gods and believe or disbelieve in the future life anu remain outside all the churches and save your dollars for the comfort of your own families and let all the churches the for want of support Avoid the church mans curse on And thus escape the priestly ban But keep the light of conscience Religion is but doing right mllnlMan needs no gods nor priests to What he shall do from day to day Except the God his brain within Which there abides to save from sin No punishment can overtake For sins not done make no mistake Think not that man can oer forgive Though called divine there neer did live A god whoso power could over save Him who to sin has been a slave For Nature thwarted surely will The law of punishment fulfill To each Is given a brain to know How hed be treated that he so 4 May treat his fellows and thus bo Alive to Truth and so be free For truth but listened to but heard Will not suffice though true each wordIONBut we must live it day by dny And thus eficpe the priestly sway Of those who teach List unto me Pay me to say what you can see Without my aid think for yourself And keep for your own needs the pelf When you desire the leading Free studylookorder from us fit l r ri4 j iI f i r r I l JcnTBLUE GRASS BLADE THE ETERNAL QUESTION By J F Vincent What human mind can comprehend When time began or when twill end f This endless space In which we move How far beyond our sight extend Where all was void did darkness reign And silence rest its long mute train Did God from all this nothing spring And all things hero with him bring IHow many countless ages rolled Before God ere devised or mold This feeble fickle faulty frame And breathed within a living soul What saint or sage has ever knew Who first man was or where he grew No record of the time was kept Historians then there were but few What man can tell a simple tale And let it pass on down the vale Perhaps a thousand years or more Twould fiction bo and facts would fall was Adam and the Snake good Old Eve the fruit did take 1And not a line did they record lip to lip the story spake Oh foolish man you silly clod Twits Eve that sinned shes neath the sod Oh bear the blame and all the shame You cannot ere deceive your God IThen why this sin our parents made Should on our shoulders thus be laid And on the children yet to come Oh why this wretched sorry trade Awake arise and scatter night 1And put those dark shadows to flight The gilded spire and minaret Oil strike them with a shaft of light JIook at the crescent and the cross Where flourish the temple and the mosque And the muse from in the turret cries Come to prayer or you will be lost Beneath these piles that hands have made How many prayers have there been said And fatted priests in tears do call Their flocks like sheep to shambles led We fear no more to think or speak Or for light or knowledge seek The sceptre from her hand has fell And year by year shes growing weak They say religion gave the light Pray tell us then what made the night Wise Popes have long in judgment sat Among those grim and gruesome sights i From the earth the victim cries Heath the dust the Judge he lies From earth to earth and dust to dust From neath the dust they never rise The Priests in cleric robes so wise To soil their hands with toll despise They bless the water bread and wine Was there ere such a base design f When God created all those things Did ho In them pollution fling Then who has power to call him back Or ere to Cleanse a single thing Unworthy wretch in base disguise That utters prayers that God despise Then why support this worthless train That rob the Child of bread and brain We all must tread this lonely way When comes our last departing day Then seek the light while yet you live And those who wish Oh let them pray Then do not bend the tender vine But help to upward onward climb Or teach a farce that long may be A burden to the youthful mind Then use your talent while you live The greatest blessing nature give To Natures store Uls the key Unlocks its wealth to you and me Think not of wealth of pomp or power That fades within a single hour But climb the ladder stop by step And breath perfume from sweetest flowers THE RED WHITE AND BLUE THREE CHEERS FOR THE MIND THAT IS FREE AND FOR THE MAN WHO DE NIES THE GOD OF SLAVERY By Helen H Philbrick Theres a falsehood embalmed in our nation That science is now to remove Its about an unnatural creation Which none have been able to prove But no more can the black superstition Hold the race in the thrall of the slave For the light now has come to fruition The light that divinity gave No more shall the mothers be frightened With tho gods that were made but to slay No more shall the children be traded Or told to tho idols to pray For tho light of true science is seen And the President says it shall como Three cheers for the gods now in making And the man who will help savo the home Chorus Three cheers for the mind that is free And the man who can take off the chain Let us hail them and praise them and love them They shall have all the glories of fame There is going to be a commotion In the circles of license and crime For the light is from ocean to ocean And its going to light every clime Thores to be no more license for evil For the LAW Socialism will soon conic that will save And the law that we now know as civil Is to rest in its well deserved grave For the man at the head of the nation Ilea decided to stand for tho right Lot us give him a rousing ovation For denying the god of our night Divinity thy power of divination the power of human reason in on and through the human nervous system and turned to bosh by religious knaves hired by the idle licensed class to deceive the working class See ity state of being motion heat fire or energy made by fermentation of food in tho blood into the motion of protoplasm- The slave chain made of fear of devils and hell written up bipriest craft to frighten women so they would be Here instead of use their reason Law our Good the social law not Lord our God is the saving factor in the matter of social crime Civil means servile servile to the wealth accruing from tho system of mental called religion slaverys phyicalschools or appear on U Scoin Hurrah Hurrah Hurrah Wago slavery is doomed and human freedom in full sight PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED Freethinker London Eng Truthseoker New York City Tho Wage Slnvo Hancock Mich School Physiology Journal Boston Mass Truth About God Great Bend Kans Daily Tribune Great Falls Mont Peoples Press Chicago Ill Unlversallst Herald Canon Ga Tho Sunflower Hamburg N Y Astrological Inconoclast Berlin N J True Word Bryn Mawr Wash Aunt Helens Love Letters by A Woman Rhapsody on Reality By Mnlfow Seklew Bradford England Christ Enemy of Race by H S Wishart Bradford England Humanity St louts Mo Literary Digest New York City Dont overlook our special premium offer with clubbing rates i Ji iti r l F J t BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHESEdltor and Publisher 1268 N KyPSUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 150 per year In advance remittanceFive trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 500 one year 800 Quarter column single one Insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publishers have the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show subscribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal in case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her j address advise this office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at 126128 North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is entered at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mail ing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky Editorial THE CORRESPONDENCE SCHOOL Interest has already been awakened I in the proposed Correspondence School for Freethought instruction p This is gratifying and encouraging With an increased interest manifested fPthere is no reason why such a school tl not be established Freethinkers demand that an ortho dox believer should be able to give a 4reason for the faith that is in him and believer has a right to demand NIfrom every Freethinker a reason for the faith that is in them The School fo will enable any Freethinker at com parative small cost to acquire the necessary instruction to that end Some of the let ers reaching our office since the School was proposed contain inquiries as to probable cost yetcbecause no precise estimate has been J d WtI itf t UIII II1il lIrirIIIJ made In any event no pupil ought to pay more than 50 or 60 for the three years coime and this would include the purchase of textbooks as well as tuition fee The latter in order to pay the cost of printing and mailing the lessons circular and other litera ture necessary to the conduct of the School together with all correspond ence pertaining thereto could be placed at 10 per annum or 25 in one payment for the three years course Tile textbooks vary in cost according to character An additional 25 or 30 ought to pay for all the textbooks needed This would be spread over the three years work and only such textbooks as required are purchased as needed By such means the expense would not all come at once and the payment would be easy on the student Under such an arrangement pro vided the pupil paid annually for tu ition the cost of the first years course would amount to about 16 The next or second year would amount to about 24 and the third year would be cheaper because the textbooks for the last course are not so expensive With the third year however we ought to include a gathering of the pupils if such could be arranged so that we could all bo brought together for a final preparatory instruction Owing to the promised we have received the Blade has decided to open the school Some of our writers feel that the Blade ought to make the start instead of trusting to others who might be only lukewarm in the movement Once under way and should the School assume such pro portions that the Blade would need as sistance that can be secured by a di vision of the labor and competent teachers employed to undertake special branches of the work Just as soon as one hundred pupils have been secured with tuition fee paid in advance the School will begin No definite time will be announced as yet until the requisite number is en rolled upon the roster of the School From time to time the names of pupils will be given in the Blade so that others may see and watch its progress If it proves a failure the Blade will frankly admit it and promptly return all money We ought to be ready to open the School by July 1 which will put the pupil in good shape for winter study the nights are long No age limit will be fixed for pupils but it will be open to all comers al though in the case of young people some elementary education ought to be made a prerequisite The School L l 1J VrQ II will be open to pupils of all ages It will be the means of enabling all per sons to obtain a comparative knowl edge of scientific subjects with theo logicaj teaching and furnish them with weapons for argument with the or thodoxWhether the knowledge thus ob tained be used for the purposes indicated or not or in other words if utilized for purposes of selfinstruc e tion alone it sharpens the mind brightens the intellect and is calcu lated to aid men and women to obtain more real useful enjoyment than without it The Blade would like to hear from is iriends This is an important sub ject It is a big undertaking at littletcost We need a start At present we have no means as our readers well know but we are willing to put our shoulders to the wheel and do the work We do not expect any profit to accrue from such an undertaking unless the school can be increased from year to year and be made selfsustain ing To get this start we need funds If there be any willing to contribute to such a cause such contributions will be gratefully and cheerfully ac knowledgedThis ought to have been put in operation long ago It is the one effective remedy for the lack of or ganized effort or interest we now ex perience Spread Freethouglu by eilu ciiiion Take it to rhs horn The mountain did not go to Mahomet butIMahomet went to the mountain In this republic we have mountains ot Freethinkers ready anxious and willing to obtain a wider knowledge of Freethought and Freethought prin ciples so as to be able to give that reason for the faith that is in them and equip them for mental labor and as they cannot obtain it under exist 4TnNow eprinteding matter ready so as to begin in struction at the time stated or as soon thereafter as possible In sending application for membership in the School give full name and postoffice address State what grade if any acquired in the public schools State age State whether you desire to be come a teacher for Freethought or in tend taking the courses for private information If you cannot become a member of 7FA r r 1 J BLUE MASS BLADE g tho School write and toll what you think about the plan Ii you are able send in a donation to help us make a publisheding made Friends donating to the fr School Fund will be made honorary v members entitled to the instruction provided the amount be sufficient to fI cover tuition fees if they desire it At the annual meetings these contribu tors will be granted admission with out further invitation 4 The Blade is of the opinion that this Schoolcan be made the nucleus of a gigantic institution for the benefit of Frcethought FACTS vs THEOLOGY When any fact is presented to the theologian ho immediately sets about seeking to find some point wherein the fact and his theology can be brought into harmonious relationship and the result is frequently a temporary con investiflaws that govern it collecting the ma terials from every available source V thus affording the fact a greater de gree of confidence In these mental attitudes may be found the difference between the in J tolligent Freethinker and the intelligent Christian The inquiring mind has delved into every part of the uni pastjancient cities deciphering coins in i criptions and alphabet dead and for gotten languages have been restored I rettheologian has never recognized the ii necessity or recognizing it refuses k to admit it of this wide and preliminary study of physical facts such as to ienable them to grasp tho subject in tho whole of its natural relations For this reason the theologian is but inia branch out upon either side whore wide fields are opened unto him The theologian tries to reason by analogy only Tho aid ho might derive from a system of either inductive or deductive reasoning is lost Every possible anal ogy is sought that will coincide with ttlio main object he has in view He reasons to a desired end instead of al lowing reason to carry him where it j blmdlyledand to assume much that is highly im j i d t t t f L 4 t f t t = = = provable from the viewpoint of our present knowledge The expectation of finding regularity where there is apparent confusion has almost become an article of faith with the scientific mind but the theological mind gets lost in the confusion and unable to comprehend he shirks the task by de claring god One of the most important facts yet developed is that which shows the universe to be continuous chain of events of cause and effect and being continuous the chain is without be ginning or end Every event is linked to its antecedent ban inevitable con nection and that antecedent being connected with a preceding fact everything organic or inorganic is of necessity a part and to break that chain at any point becomes an impos sibility This known fact disposes of god and the theologian is left without means of support or argument It contradicts the idea of a godseparate and apart from the universe At the same time it explodes the old theory of chance so shrewdly advanced by theological debaters in that a nec essary connectionof events preceding and succeeding is established in its place To a certain extent the theo logian will admit these facts but his sole purpose is to remold them into re ligious shapes These methods have resulted in corrupting the sources of human knowledge and have given rise to the various religious sects whose mutual animosities have disturbed social relations and embittered the in dividual life The earlier inquiries were necessnril Jy made upon hypothesis of either theology or metaphysics Both were wrong and they have led mankind into grievous error Today as we leave such influences behind and ex clude them as gi des to investigation wo find the human mind obeying tho laws or rules of its own existence with man modifying Nature and Na ture modifying man On the other hand theology has tenaciously clung to all the traditions of the past and has made it a boast of having checked the progress of every age ZACHARY CAUGHT AT LAST From current newspaper reports it would appear that an evangelist fakir by the cognomen of Rev J W Zach ary stands a fair chance of being put where ho tried so hard to put our late Editor 0 Moore that is behind prison balS The casus belli however is vastly different Blade readers will remember Zachary Mr Moore knew i Z i him and knew just what there was in him The public at large lo not know him some know of him and many are now learning to know him Zachary sought to prosecute Moore because of an honest difference in religious jopinion Zachary was afraid of Moore Zachary is now being prose cuted at Lewistown Idaho on charge of an attempted criminal assault upon a married woman At least this is what the dispatches say Of course Zachary knew that the news would be flashed all over the country and that it would reach Lexington which he claims as his home He tried to break its force by an interview in which he alleged that the prosecution against him was based upon malice and without just or sufficient grounds4Naturally the news agencies gave therpith of his statement but among that class of people who do know Zachary his excuse dont goITime docs work strange things Hero is a religious fakir of the first water One of the most blatant type of god chasers lie sought to serve god and prove his loyalty to the cross by putting a man whose shoes he was itand is unworthy to clean in a prison J cell While this was going on he was tguilty ofsundry and divers offences agaiiist society and morality conductc lf5andoutward way At last hu has been J caught up with At last ho is probably fto get his jusU deserts and Idaho juries are not calculated to permit injury tot6their women The Blade does not deem the sUbjeetJ i any1I1furthera s Later reports from Idaho state that Zachary was acquitted on the ground that the State was unable to produce sufficient testimony to make out its case The woman still accused him but questionbetweenbeing no other witness on either side and the court gave Zachary the bene fit of the doubt We will cheerfully exchange all our lights privileges whether reserved or unreserved in the New Jerusalem for twice our present circulation And just think of it Just one sub scriber from each one of you would do the work 10 BLUEGRASS BLADE WEAK CHRIST WEAK RELIGION Wo all admire physical strength and deplore physical weakness Sav ants have long declared that a sound mind can only exist in a sound body and large intellect can only be found in large brain power large thought large mental activity Mental weak lings are usually physical weaklings and these are not helps but hindrances to the development of the race Realiz ing this great force the Greeks it snd prohibited by colonization pre creation among the moral mental and physical degenerates of their people this is an illustration of the fact that the Greeks well understood the operation of this law It is well understood today and so we find scientific investi gation and governmental supervision upon and over experiments calculated to produce a stronger and healthier race mentally and physically Con siderable of modern thought has been devoted to this subject and now the cLergy are turning it upon religion and religious influences which may ultimately result in a complete revision of all the pictures of Jesus to be hand ed down to future generations We take it that every man and woman u Men a pictu3 f Jesus in sonic place at some time Look back at all the pictures you have ever seen and see if you can remember one that portrayed Jesus as a stout healthy strong man of good physique giant in tellect or Sarnsonian strength On the contrary every one of these pictures depict him as rather slight of build pale and wan of expression effeminate in character He is presented in form and shape size and appearance that make it appear as if a good days work on a farm would have killed him or put him to the bad The idea behind all this is that spirituality does not comport with physical strength and in order to attract to get the people to catch on and take to the notion of deep religiosity Jesus has been portrayed as a sort of weakling but of great spirituelle beauty- It was only a few weeks ago that German Christians became involved in a row over the cut of his whiskers we mean Christs whiskers and now the American clergy are out with a complaint concerning these common pictures of their dear Lord and insist that they must be changed Now comes one Dr Robert J Aley who is said to be in charge of the mechanical department at the Indiana University and who occasionally preaches as a pastime declaring that r lf the modern pictures of Jesus are all wrong and should be supplanted by others showing him to be a man of strength He is reported to have said The weak lines of the face the ap parently scrawnoy and ladylike arms are all wrong As the result of Christ being depicted as a weak man people have begun to regard religion as a weak thing for women and children This reveals the milk in the cocoa nut As other preachers are quoted as being in perfect agreement with Dr Aley it is inferred that such a change in the protraiture of Jesus is being de manded But what right have they to make such a change The very sug gestion is indicative of having per petrated fake upon the people by furnishing pictures of Jesus that are not pictures of Jesus Even should the suggested change be made where will the model be forthcoming Jesus is not coming again just for the sake of posing before a camera If all the pic tures of Jesus now extant are incor rect who is to blame Who will fur nish a true picture Will the new picture be of any greater authority than those now in existence By what right real or assumed can any man agree to undertake the making of any change in the pictorial representations of deity Besides if all present pic tures are wrong as claimed who is re sponsible for having worked them off upon the credulous for so many gen erations Ah friends Look at the situation Man made god in his own image and having outgrown the image made man proceed to make another image more in keeping with the spirit of the age If we are to have a picture of Jesus let it stand for something If such a picture is to benefit humanity let it be representative of humanity Give us a man in all things Give us a man in strength in build in pose and in in tellect If such a picture can be truth fully produced we would have no hesi tation about hanging one up in the office of the Blade Let the picture show a rugged honest manhood Let him be selfreliant the light of honesty and love beaming from manly eyes Place him behind a plow in some fresh made furrow of earth Sleeves rolled up The muscles of his arm standing out like knots of steel threads Trousers fastened at the waist with a belt his shirt thrown open at the collar Place a bigstraw hat on his head and to give it a touch of the picturesque a tuft of hair could bo made to protrude through a rift in the crown Instead of some sermon J dti on a mount let him be quoted as saying Gee Haw In the distance could be seen the house and near it the dinner bell against which some de voted wife stood in the attitude of pulling the rope Make Jesus some thing like this and by all the sacred bugs and beasts of Ancient Egypt well take him- UPTODATE EVANGELISM Some time ago the Blade forecast a period of revivals among the churches of Lexington and the first one to make a break at periodical holiness is the Campbellite organiza tion It has imported a person by the name of Scovelle who imitating the patent medicine fakirs is resorting to a system of wildcat advertising to get before the public Every day the Lex ington people are regaled with an enormous number of conversions and so many additions to the church and copious extracts of his funny sayings are given in print From these we learn that he is striv ing to don the mantle formerly worn by the late Sam Jones As an aid to notoriety his purty is posted about town in store windows etc His facial characteristics and his physique sug gest that some farmer has lost a gpod hatedraid the world a worker His apt sayings betray an extremely low order of intelligence and the strangest part about the matter is that some people mistake this for wit As a philosopher he is a fake as a theo logian ho is a back number as a thinker he counts a cypher as an evangelist Christian clown he is par excellence A little chalk and paint would add dignity to his cause In his reportoire he has a specially prepared sermon which he preached for the especial benefit of unbelievers When these sermons are qver the pastor of the church Rev lfarkCollis hotfoots to a newspaper office and hashes up a report of what this great mini has said Among other things we have read as coming from him Beyond all credulity is the credul ity of the atheist who believes that mere chance can create a world when it cannot build a house Oh tempora Oh mores oh Mamma Could Butler or Paley hava read such a thought they would have given up the design argument in disgust Such intellectual tommyrot is enough to cause an epidemic of hydrophobia Mr Scovelle ought to take the Keeley cure for theological jimjams In the first place Atheism does not believe in creation of any kind or character and i k alr GMM U tLtI Par9 i 0 BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 this leaves no room for any element ofchance The converse of his propo sition we cannot call it argument for it is unworthy such a designation is that god pan both create worlds and build houses The former is so stupenduous in comparison with the latter that if god can accomplish the former he can surely perform the lat godbuiltworld that god created Still no an swer Creation implies destruction annihilation God must also be a de stroyer and an annihilator He an swers his suggestion however with the latterIf cannot come from nothing and there is something now something must always have existed That is just it Something must have existed Therefore god did not create something At the best he could only change or transform This being true god is not a creator but a changer or transformer ant is no higher in comparison with man for man does precisely the same thing and is doing it every day This belittles god andexalts man and this is exactly the somethinghason the ground of necessity If there was no creation there was no creator No creator no god No god Christianity is a fake and Mr Scovelle a fakir It would appear that this evangelist is floundering in deep water and he knows not how to swim Ho does not understand the universe and is unable to comprehend it He knows all about god and is trying to tell it Let us pity the converts he makes and pity the benighted ignorance that can make over such flyspecks His titan intellect has led him into another ditch which our readers will be able to discover in the following Agnostic means know nothing and thats about what ho knows The quotations we have used indi cates that this evangelist for god and cash leas not even reached the stage of agnosticism Of course he pretends to know and seeks to impress his in capable audiences with tho belief that ho does know He knows that he does not know and we know that ho cannot know What is more he knows that we know that he does not and cannot know and this knowledge ought to put a quietus on his tongue Brazen ef frontery is always impertinent It leads to false pretense If he will care fully analyze his own mind he might be capable of finding out where he is at He may not want to know for fear others would find it out So long as the cash comes in he wants to keep at his job It would now be ofmore than ordinary interest if h would pub lish the contract he has made with the Campbellite church and his interest in godand creation would be dis cernible MANUSCRIPT DECLINED The Blade has always invited honest and intelligent criticism It still in vites it At the instance of one J 0 Smith of Bronson Michigan the Blade expressed its objections to Chris tianity and gave an opportunity for reply on the condition that the reply denote an intelligent understanding of the subject and should not consist of mere biblical quotations Upon the hypothesis that the said J 0 Smith had converted an infidel editor of II twentyfive years standing we felt somewhat interested in what he might have to write and believed that a foe man had been found worthy of our steel who was willing to enter the arena of polemic debate We have been grievously disappointed in the resultBefore extending a more pressing invitation we made inquiry ourselves and simply laid low The responses received were not flattering We wait ed At last a manuscript reached our office enough to fill three pages of the Blade and not a solitary new idea can be found in the entire collection of words It was just as we expected it would be A compilation of bible quotations which we have long since discarded as incapable of the slightest proof We regret that so much labor has been spent upon its preparation for our columns and then feel COIn polled to deny it the space demanded Were the article of any merit what ever for us or against us it could have been divided and continued from one week to another but we entertain too much respect for our readers to afflict them with such conglomeration of words Hence the manuscript has been returned to the author with our deep regret It is passing strange that they who might be deemed capable of defending the Christian proposition decline the controversy and only fools will rush in where the angels themselves fear to tread Christianity has nothing to gain by such an advocacy It betrays its inherent weakness ant it is too much to expect that Freethinkers will waste time upon such trifles Useful discussion on both sides is invaluable as it has a tendency to uncover hidden truth While we regret tho denoue 1 i j1 kr Jf dir ment the Blade felt that it had no alternative The Blade directs the careful attention of its readers to that splendid little pamphlet on Marriage and Di vorce by Josephine K Henry It is a gem exhaustive concise and in structive Only 25 cents and from its pages can be learned the true nature of a marriage contract and the issue of divorce Write Mrs Henry for it Address Versailles Kentucky The Correspondence School has been a long felt want It has been needed to secure the education of thousands in Science and Philosophy Take a three year course of study at ten dol lars per year Send your name in now School will open when one hundred members have been secured We want to begin by July 1 The article upon Bible Revision by Mrs Henry is now in pamphlet form and can be had at 10 cents per copy It is a splendid missionary document as it contains a store of rich argu ment and it ought to be read everywhere j If the beautiful spring sunshine puts new life and new joy in your jputshine is all the same to us Watch our special premium offer and then well dont forget it Send in your orders for Mrs Henrys 1 Marriage and Divorce at 25 cents nndNher Bible Revision at 10 cents Both are good Five subscribers in one remittance at one dollar each per annum will entitle you to a copy of Dog Fennel or the Rome Book your take your choice Now is the time for all good men and women to get in the Blade push for more progress r Join tho Blades Correspondence School and acquire a scientific and philosophical education at trifling cost If you cant become a member send a donation to get it started Be sure to fill out that subscription blank and mail to us and you will re ceive one of our splendid premiums petulant J j ir fj t d JiJ i= w 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE Scientific and Philosophical Correspondence School One Year 10 in advance Three Years 25 in advance JAMES E HUGHES Manager JOHN R CHARLESWORTH Instructor LEXINGTON KENTUCKY Established for the Purpose of giving Instruction in the Fundamental Principles of Science and the Philosophy- of Secularism and Freethought by Comparative Studies as between them and Theology andr Orthodox Systems Based on Creed and Formula Learn to Free Yourself from Super stitions Chains Refuse to be a Mental Slave and be Able to Give a Reason for the 3 Faith that is in You lfif stJ 1 School will open about July 1 1908 or as soon as 100 pupils are enrolled Educate yourself to become a teacher g Rin Liberal ideas 4 if iP k THE object of the school is to offer in con form what may lie called a compre hensivo course of studies in natural science naturalphilosophy secular and sacred his tory theology and ecclesiasticism witha view of enabling the student to form a rela tive and comparative knowledge upon the most important subjects in issue between rationalistic thought and theological teaching The purpose of the school is to fit its students to become teachers and educators in natural philosophy in an intelligent opposition to orthodoxy The full course will combine geology astronomy zoology botany inorganic chemistry philosophy natural history sociology all branches of history sacred and secular theology biblical literature logic rules of evidence rules of debate composition poetry Printed lessons will be sent to each pupil once every month and pupils will be required to submit written answers thereon each month Pupils can obtain their own text books upon advice from the instructorThe years course will comprise studies and examinations in the first five subjects named above These studies can be made at home after the duties of the day have been completed so that this extremely liberal offer is actually brought into your home V If desired the School will have tho text books sent to you tv upon order and payment of the cost Full details will bo given in ample time to start tho school in unison The School will be opened primarily under the auspices of the Blue Grass Blade For temporary purposes James E Hughes will be the manager of the School with John II Charlesworth as its prin cipal instructor Other instructors will bo added from time to time as the needs and emergencies of the School may de mand Pupils should have an attained age of 15 years or more or at least possess the rudiments of goodelementary education Noman or woman over gets too old to learn and the School is open to all persons over the ago suggested who may desire to avail themselves of these educational opportunities You will profit by these studies To learn what is offered enables you to teach others Do you wish to join the School V Then send your name now to James E Hughes Blue Grass Blade Lexington Ky and have it enrolled vv Tho tuition fee will not be called for until 100 names have i ben secured With that number tho School will open fv t JAMES E HUGHES I t BLUEGR SSBLADE Series A Primary DepartmentlZOOLOGY FIRST LESSON EXPLANATORY The questions propounded below are designed to serve a double purpose They constitute an outline for an investigation into what will assist the stu dent to obtain the most complete knowledge of the sub ject A full and complete answer to each question nay be found in the text book The course is prescribed to benefit the student therefore answers must not be taken verbatim from the text book but should be a mental effort upon the part of the student derived from what has been readIf a reference to the text book is necessary for the purpose of obtaining the correct way to spell a name or even to refresh memory this is permissible but should not be done if it can be avoided If such reference is made do not prepare the answer until the mind has been allowed to reflect upon the question In this way the student will be able to better remember what has been studied Your success or failure depends upon the manner in which you conduct the studies assigned You way deceive the instructor successfully but you cannot deceive your self and you are the one tlo benefit by the study and ought or3rIi SPECIALLY OBSERVE that the examination questions are designed to compel the student tqread in order to if find the answer At the same time IS an outline or a direction to what is best for the student to know in order to complete the education desire 1 Having found the an iswers by reading also read the correlated portions of the j book the text and context and in this way your knowl edge will be more thorough and complete Dont abandon the book after you have made answer to the questions If you do you will neglect the opportunities here offered lt RULESaei r ji t1An answer must be made to each and every question propounded in writing Sign the paper and mail tf o us not later than the last day of the month after receiving i Write only on one side of the paper Foolscap should be used for convenience 2Vrite to the Instructor for advice in case of neces sity if you fail to fully understand what is given you 3No change can be made in examinations after they once reach this office x 4Eneh examination paper will bo adjudged and graded according to its merits and the grading reported back to the student with proper corrections in explana tion of any error appearing The student should intently note the corrections if any 5Examination papers will be mailed from the School at such times as will allow the student to have theme in his or her possession by the first day of each month 6 Every question must be answered To omit any question will count against the per ccntago in grading All answers should be made in duplicate the student ire taining one copy for future reference in case of error and correction g 7In grading a general average of 75 per centiwUT Mill enable astudent to pass The gradings will be designated Verygoodlent x 95 per centt Perfect J 100 per cent i F i Example Examination No1 x Zoology Primary Question iWhat is Zoology Define term and scope Question 2Into how many classes are objects divided Name themxQuestion 3What are organic objects What inor v ganic objects r v Forty questions constitute one examination Example Answers to Examination No1 Zoology Primary Answer lZoo from the Greek zoon pertaining to animal or animals Ology being a discourse or inquiry into Zoology is a discourse or inquiry into animals and animal life Its scope is to treat of all animals from the lowest to the highest with reference to their structure functions development analysis nomenclature and classi fication The subject is subdivided into other branches of its own- Answer 2 Objects are divided into two classes organic and inorganic Answer 3 Organic objects are plants and animals manifesting a cell life and known and distinguished as living things Inorganic objects are such minerals or mineral substances as rock or soil known and dis tinguished as nonliving things t Answers to all other questions follow a t J APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP James E Hughes Lexington Ky I the undersigned hereby make application for mem bership in The Scientific and Philosophical Correspondence School for year course of study I agree to follow thecourse of study prescribed and to conform to the rules governing examinations I also agree to pro cure the prescribed textbooks and to follow the course of studies therefrom as directed by the School Name Do you desire to become a teacher Address Answer County State Fill out the above blank and mail to James E Hughes Lexington Ky i r i 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE j 4411Cbet r ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS MRS LEM SINGThe Blade appreciates your enthusiasm and feels that it is be stowed in a worthy cause Your offer to swap the Blade for a War Cry was not peopleMany A D STONEMANClipping received It is splendid and it shall be published just as soon as we can find room for it F B BALL SRThanks for renewal and kind words Address changed as di rected We wish you success in your new S GOVB Many thanks for youj let ter of praise and commendation We want all our subscribers to feel that way FRANKLIN H HEALDYour brief let I ter is appreciated and the feeling mani- festedf altogether mutual Friendliness and comradeship will win more than Isolation M W MARLBY The Blade is gratified at the distinction of having an evangelist point to it in such a manner Sample copies have been sent Thanks for the in quiry Information sought given by mall A W TUCKERThanks for the list of names We have sent the copies as t f MOWRY BLIVENWe are not 1very far apart It is only a question of purpose You are working to build up or ganizations the Blade propose to furnish r means of keeping them alive after they are organized With this we can work side by side helping and sustaining and the end will be more satisfactory L O LITTLEFIELDThanks for re r newal It is always true that reason is e nied a home where god reigns fWILLIAM JUNKER Thanks for renew al Both god and bible have been tried in vain and humanity as you state turns to more satisfactory elements of progress H D BURROWS Letter with re newal and trial subscriptions received Sample copies have also been sent to names given Thanks This is the kind of work that helps MRS M E OADESMany thanks for payment of renewal Your experience with the faddists is interesting I H FOWLER The Blade has kept going and we have sent you a sample copy to let you see what it is like The Blade for a War Cry ARDMORE OKLAThis day makes two weekS since I mailed you a money order for five dollars and since Ive had time for thought it looks as if I was trying to conceal my Loyalty and Fidelity to the DEAR OLD BLADE so I have taken the liberty to explain to the Blade the reason the money order was sent without being accompanied with a few words of thanks and satisfaction that we now enjoy in hav ing it so considerably changed from its old style to its new one It is only this I knew that the amount as you said no matter how small would at that time help to light en the burden which your generosity had so faithfully assumed much sooner than all the comments that I could have made I do not think that a true and nonest body of Freethinkers would be slothful as to compel our Editor who has to furnish us food for thought to take such a responsi bility And out of his own personal funds That is why I nad such little time when I sent the money order Was trying to get it off on the first train I have tried to find a reader for the extra Blade which Ive received through a mistake When I first became acquainted with the Blade it was through a friend My address was given in correct This Is a poor town for free thought and liberty but say Itell you what I did do there was a Lady member of the Salvation Army came in this morning with the same old story as Buy A War Cry five cents I said I read the War Cry years ago but I will exchange a Blue Grass Blade with you and 50 cents to boot which will be new to you and may rest you When she saw the front page decorated with C C Moore Clarke Paine J B Wil son and Voltaire the War CrYpeddler turned away in disgust Send me 25 copies of The Virgin MaryC O D Ill pay ex press and all extra It is not my policy to throw stones and hide my hand I love the Blade and hope Ill never be without it MRS LEM SING Bread Cast on the Waters QUASQUETON IA Please find en closed an article clipped from the Dubuque Times Journal Dubuque Ia This man William H Tower when a young man lived on a farm in this Buchanan county and moved from here to his late home in Fort Dodge He is a brotherinlaw of Mr Hor ace Boles of this town Mr Boles is a nephew of Exgovernor Boles once nomina ted on the Democratic ticket for President of the United States I hope you will find space in your valuable paper for its pub lication I will try and see Mr Boles and get the obltrary of Mr Tower and send It to you I am casting bread upon the waters and seed into the soil here that I think will increase a hundred fold in years to come In the minds of the young in the way of freethought and free speech A D STONEMAN They Want What Is Not CALDWELL IDA Having been acting very badly of late and am ashamed of my negligence and feel that if many of your subscribers act as I have done that one of the most worthy and faithful Editors in the world might have to lead his little fam ily up to a scant supper table But they say better late than never You will please find enclosed 200 to move my tag up a little on the Blue Grass Blade which in my conception is the strongest and most conslstant advocate of human liberty of any paper In the world baring none Please transfer the address of my Blade from Rockville Idaho to Caldwell Idaho I know my little amount would not effect anything while thousands of others on the same line with me would prove disastrous Our theory being rational and seemingly without disputation In this year 1908 is no reason we should be idle If we would pick up some spook fad like the triplet ghost a John Alexander Dowie Slattery Pigettl and the like we could get thous ands of followers It Is not what there is that the majority of the people are after It is what there Is not that the fools are reaching for and they will die reaching F P BALL SR Sings His Praise PERVIS CALAs you have made re quest that the patrons of the Blade to give expression on its changed form I can only say that there is no room for but one opinion and that is that its change in form as well as its very neat appearance are both very decided improvements TheIlikeness of prominent Freethought writers is also a good idea as the readers of the Blade for past years would like to know how the persons look who have wielded the pen in defense of the right of Freedom of thought and the right to reason on matters of such vast ImportanceC GOVE fit BLUE GRASS BLADE 15 A Valued Contemporary LOS ANGELES CALI have Just turned from a six weeks trip and find the Blade In a new dress and otherwise Im proved Success to the Blade I am going to give you lots of good words as soon as I gefSjtorted again FRANKLIN II HEALD Orthodox Recommendation BUCKLIN KANSASA short time ago I inquired of the Christian Evangelist what i were some of the greatest atheistic papers Your paper is referred to me as one of them Will you please send me a copy of your paper as I am desireous of taking two or three atheistic papers Also can you give me the address of the Free thinker I ieve published in Great Brltinn M W MARLEY Helps All He Can NORTH WATERBORO MAINE In closed you will and names to whom you can send sample copies of the Blade Send me 25 cents worth of the Virgin Mary pam phletsA W TUCKER a Thinks Well of the Blade DRIFTWOOD OKLA Please find money order for 150 to apply to my subscription to the Blue Grass Blade from December 1907 to December 1908 I appreciate the great improvement you have made in the Blaao also that Mrs Henry Is again writing for its pages I attended nearly all of Mr Charlesworths lecturers some twelve years ago in Wichita Kansas which I liked very much I have tried to got some subscriptions for the Blade but this Is a very godly community and no one is popular unless they belong or at tend church which I do not I wish every one would read the Blade It looks so very foolish to mo to see sensible people believe In so many imaginable things as tney do and expecting a reward In the Great allrHoly Rollers OLYMPIA WASHAm sending 280 on my account Nothing has over touched my heart as tho kindness shown me by the Editor of tho Blue Grass Blade Words of mine would fall to express my gratitude I shall keep each booklet as I am fond of looking at pictures of friends although Ive never met one of you I should like to get subscribers for tho Blue Grass Blade but my health Is poor I rarely ever get out Never a copy comes but suggest volumes of thought to my mind It has been nearly ten years since I became acquainted with rl 2tt U i id d the Blue Grass Blade It has added many a charm to my life We have a new kind of religion in Olympia called the Holy Roll ers They prophesy that the world will end in two years Every Sunday they wash each others feet and partake of the holy communion Their mission is to keep people out of hell They worship God lying on their faces and oftlmcs remain seemingly lifeless for hours Some make a noise like a duck whey they they receive the gift of the unknown tongue The happiest people are the Holy Rollers who dont have to think They Just sit still and the power of God lets them drift along like the leaves that float down with the tide Ive attended these many times Have witnessed children nodding and held up right by their mothers hands hanging limp looking like rag dolls One night in particular when I saw several little girls lying down at the altar their little quiver ing hans help up above their heads I went to tho police and tried to get them to stop such tomfoolery and arrest the leaders but the police said they could not stop Italthough they did not consider It right You would never Imagine that such foolish ness would be called serving God in this grand and glorious West People of vated sentiments can never understand all this rot called religion None of us are perfect none can be perfect but wo can all bo striving to improve which is all that religion can demand of us But this new religion came on us so suddenly that I havent had time to think of anything else Tho pictures on each copy of the Blue Grass Blade will lighten many a heart MRS M E OADES No Belief In God or Bible CONCORD N CPlease find inclosed money order fl50 for tho Blue Grass Blade It Is worth the price and even more I have no faith In the Christian bible or any other Inspired books or bibles There is no heaven or hell beyond death Our thoughts are our soul and extinct at death Tho body goes back Into the ele ments of which it is composed The soul or conscience produced by the body Is not substance thereof annihilated at death WM JUNKER HELEN LUCAS Continued from page Point for attack was nowhere found Whereer tho impatient Switzers gazed Tho unbroken line of lances blazed That line twere suicide meet And perish at their tyrants feet Behold him Arnold Wlnkelrled There sounds not to the trump of fame The echo of a nobler name Unmarked he stood amid the throng In rumination deep and long Till you might see with sudden grace The very thought come oer his face Z And by the motion of his form Anticipate the coming storm And by the uplifting of his brow Tell where the bolt would strike and ho But twas no sooner thought than done The field was In a moment won Make room for Liberty he cried Then ran with arms extended wide As If his dearest friend to clasp Ten spears he swept within his grasp Mako room for Liberty he cried Their keen points met from side to side He bowed among them like a tree And thus made way for Liberty Montgomery Marriage and Divorceb- y JOSEPHINE K HENRY of VERSAILLES KENTUCKY Thousands of copies ot this uptodate pamphlet are now in circulation in the United States and England It treats in forcible style of the most important prob lem before the American people It should be read by both married and single by all men and women who desire domestic i promptly filled by the author Copy 25 Cents Copies One Dollar RAILWAY MEN ATTENTION If you need a Watch to meet the new reItquirements of the Railway Service study well f and compare prices of these size lever set Watches HAMPDEN Special Railway 23 jewels 20 NEW RAILWAY 23 jewels 20 CRESCENT STR 21 jewels 2250 same jewels 20 845 new model 21 jewels ELGIN Veritas 23 jewels 29 Father Time 21 jewel 2250 B W Raymond jewels 20 some jew els 1850 All the above in 3 or 4 ounce verino Screw Case prepaid with guarantee that each watch is latest improved of grade specified new and perfect and will pass rigid railway inspection In gold filled cases guaranteed by manufacturers for 25 yearstp more Ilavo advertised in this paper since first issue- DIAMONDS PEARLS OPALS ETU 4 i I am an expert in this line and will save- you 20 per cent if you will order of me En gagement and wedding rings a specialty Send for price list of watches not listed above Jewelry Freethought Badges Ingersoll Spoons Rings Silver and Plated Ware tical Goods and my Tract Theism In The Crucible free 1t OTTU WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook County Illinois iY YIFil1t d BLUE GRASS BLADE i Three of WINWOOD READESJI Celebrated Works I Martyrdom of Man iNOW ITS TWELFTH EDITION a undergoneIts martytdomIn pres eat It the the describe the the outllnr what the author a love CLOTH 100 t Thea OutcastJJ a THE VEIL OF ISIS OR THE JllsIeries of t BDrulaS FreemasonryMany givenInCloth 100 net t postage 14c Pnbloj lixinjloiiy FLORIDA AND NEW ORLEANS WITHOUT CHANGE IIfor Information and list of hotels address U P J T A Ill Mala ItIuJQtOllIJ Get in line Join the Army of Blade readersyf t 3i1 ii DOG FFNNEL In THE ORIENT by Charles Chilton Moore When a young man the author had started oui to walk through the Holy Lands on foot Reaching Paris he gave up the journey and returned home He made the trip byrail and boat about three years before his death This book gives an account of what he saw and explodes numerous Christian myths Ittiis especially suitable for a present Cloth Bound 350 Pages Postpaid 125 No Freethinker should be without it Address orders to BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky A TRIP TO ROME by DR jB WILSON h The International Congressof Freethinkers was held in the City of Rome Italy Sep tember The author attended that Congress as the American delegate It is an account of travel and personal experiences that has received an universal encomium from press nnd people In it religious dogmas and 1parlsooCloth bound 360 pages illustrated Postpaid 5I25 Address orders to BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky The Virgin U11ary By M Grier Kidder Paper CentsjThis article first appeared in the columns of the Blade and Editor Moore and James E Hughes were indicted by the federal Grand jury at Louisville for sending ob scene matter through the mails Tho prose cution was dismissed The article was then republished in the Blade and later put into pamphlet form Thousands of copies have been sold It is a useful missionary docu ment Full of humor and argument Twelve copies for 100 BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky f