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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, March 29, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908032901 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, March 29, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. i BLUE GRASS BLADEii Volume XVI Number 49 LEXINGTON KY MARCH 29 1908 Published Weekly I DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF rHOUOl II ItSTEPHgN GIRARD I 1 j t t2l2 BLUE GRASS BLADE ooSTEPHEN GIRARD r 0 Any man may bo a hero when surrounded by the pomp and circumstance of war when the cheers of contending thousands theft tenement house among the dead at the midnight hour crooning a lullaby to some nameless babe breathing out its little lift upon this bosom and you find a hero who seeing at the end of lifes wurkKt Stephen Girard founder of the famous college that still bears his name was born at Bordeaux France In 1750 At a very early anddkIt passing through all the various stages of command he was finally made master of a ship In 1773 Three years later ho settled In f Philadelphia and opened In business in a small storo on Water Street which he made his homo for upwards of sixty years During this period he became the owner of a large fleet of r sailing vessels and his enterprise enabled him to accumulate a vast fortune He imported and exported goods from all parts of the world and one of the most notable features connected with these vessels is that ho had named them after some prominent Freethinker some philosopher or rationalist exponent His ships bore such names as Voltaire Rosseau Montesquieu Hel vetius and the like Being a Freethinker himself ho had no use for evangelic Christianity and never attended church Yet he did not object to his employes professing such religious proclivities as they pleased for his liberalism was such that he had a respectful toleration for the rights of others that while ho wished to enjoy his own religious freedom he never denied a like freedom to others And it was such a man standing in the conflux of two eternities without belief In god or hope of any future life firm In love and charity bid defiance to destiny and played the part of a man History will know of Stephen GIrard as the founder of his college for nameless orphans But we know of him now as one who when Philadelphia was plagueswept and the sanctlloquent preachers had fled when husbands abandoned their wives and mothers their babes so frightful was the pestilence so busy the grim reaper never faltered and this man then the wealthiest In America with neither kith nor kin to hold him by the heart strings In that stricken city refused to seek a place of personal safety became a common nurse and through the long hot days and feverladen nights tolled from house to house and from room to room beating back the pestilence seeking to suffer and to i t i Hti I IJII J save Love thy neighbor as thy self So reads the Christian law but Stephen Girard went further and beyond the statute Thus one Atheistical Girard became of more real human value than all the ministers of the gospel who claimed Philadelphia as a home The people of the Quaker City knew Girard only to love him and they did love him until the day of his death which occurred in December 1831 at the age of 81 years To those people he was of blessed memory At his death it was found ho had dis posed of his great wealth by making a number of bequests In which his great liberality of spirit was again made manifestrAmong these bequests were Pennsylvania Hospital 30000 Deaf and Dumb Asylum 20000 Orphan Asylum 10000 Lancaster Public School 10000 Society for Distressed Sea aptalns 10000 City of Philadelphia 500000 For the building of canals in Pennsylvania 300000 For the Construction and maintenance 4 of a college for poor orphan boys 6000000 In his will he made the following provision touching the endowment of the college- I enjoin and require that no ecclesiastic missionary or minister of any sect whatever shall ever hold or exercise any station or duty whatever in the said college nor shall any such person ever be admitted for any purpose or as a visitor within the prem ises appropriated to the purposes of tho said college In making this restriction I do not mean to cast any reflection upon any sect or persons whatsoever but as there are such a multitude of sects and such diversity of opinion among them I desire to t keep the tender minds of the orphans who are to derive advan tage from this bequest free from the excitement which clashing doctrines and sectarian controversy are so apt to produce My desire Is that all the instructors and teachers In the college shall take pains to instill into the minds of the scholars the purest principles of morality so that on their entrance into active life they may from Inclination and habit evince benevolence toward their fellow creatures and a love of truth sobriety and industry adopting at the same time such religious tenets as their natural reason may enable them to prefer In spite of the above testamentary provision the purpose of Girard has been thwarted the will broken through a superstition tainted court and today the church has practical control over the college which the money of this noted infidel founded But the glory of Girard can never fade No amount of su perstition can dim Its brightness Like Paine his deeds stand as his greatest monuments More than marble column or bronze figure they speak unto all mankind In certain tones i t it7 r r l r r BLUE GRASS BLADE S y i Treachery in the Hepburn Bin 1Z TYTTTTTTYYTTYYY By Chaining Severance Freethought an Freespeech are the basis of liberty and on them depends the progress of the world so every attempt to restrict or prevent tneir exercise Is a triment to humanity Yet there has always been determined opposition to both by two forces In society religion and government The priest and the king before the days of republics had a common object to despoil and subjugate the masses to rule and rob without the slightest regard for human rights or happiness and every gov ernment that centres in one man power remains the same to this day while religion fand religious forces are as hostile to Free thought and Freespeech as ever All gov ernments no matter how professedly fond botlater on when It comes to placing power In hands of the whole people and the jfcfclnery of government is monopolized and run by a very small majority of the citizens in every nation regardless of name extl exclusive control of the money power centratedf wealth and the religious element despite its democratic and secular basis As the Inequalities of wealth increase and L millionaires and paupers multiply restric tions are created to hold restless and dis speechIdangerous that the coils of statute laws are Invoked to Insure that restraint which the foes of freedom desire Our national con stitution which Is the supreme law of the land grants freedom of speech and the press but notwithstanding this fact a bill has been introduced into the United States Senate giving to the Post Master General power to debar from the malls any publication that In his Judgment should not cir culate It is distinctly aimed at socialist literature which is fast becoming a power In the land for the influencing of public opinion but this same law would not nee essarily be confined to that class of papers and literature after it was created and with It upheld by the Supreme Court as seems t likely It would be every Freethought paper in the land coulu be destroyed as well t the religious element would never rest until they were goes without saying for It has long desired a more far reaching law than the hazy and Indefinite Comstock law with Its inability thus for to reach strictly Freethought antiChristian papers I Nil I t t A more effort to undermine liberty and toturn back the wheels of progress has never been made than Is seen In this Hepburn bill giving autocratic power to the head of the postofllce depart ment who of course would be a willing puppet In the hands of those plotting to de stroy radical and rational publications hav ing for their object better social and dustrial conditions These are the kind of people that event ually get to the head of every government and they have now got control of the may chinery of ours and the principles advocated by Its founders Paine Jefferson Franklin and such great and grand intellects who were sincere lovers of liberty and progress are fast being lost sight of and are principally used only In oratorlnl Jugglery on the 4th of July and Just previous to elections The alarming concentration of wealth In this country must disturb the thinking man for it has been the cause of every nations downfall on the pages of history With the tremendous power that goes with great riches In the hands of the few corruption Injustice and tyranny always prevail and those who have got the power through the possession of wealth are so crazed with greed and the love of power that they will hesitate at nothing to increase and per petuate bqth To dothls nothing Is so es sential as to muzzle the press nnd prevent freedom of thought and speech and as we get more rotten politically and religiously that Is Just what is being done Until recent years the right to speak In the streets of our cities and large towns was not denied and discontent with exist ing conditions was freely vented as the Constitution permits and proclaims It may he Now all Is changed and the change has mostly taken place since the conditions In 1894 created n Coxey army nnd led It to march on to Washington In Los Angeles at that time no restrictions were placed on street speaking and we whooped things up good under the Impelling forces that then prevailed to make misery and discontent and It was the same In most places Up to that time our rulers had not realized the necessity of smothering the voice of discontent so fully ns they have since and now we see city ordinances In conflict with both state and national con stitutions denying the right of tho people to assemble and discuss their grievances unless able to hire a hall and then do It under police supervision When the people wish to hold public meetings and to In 10 dulge In their right of free speech that fact establishes another fact that there Is something wrong and changes are neededtto undo It Unless there is and something of vital Importance draws the people to gether no speaker can get a crowd or hold them if he does Here we learn how the necessity for pub lic meetings may be seen and when that necessity exists to deny the right to peacefully congregate and make known the causa that have Impelled the assemblage Is an 1 act of Indefensible tyranny and should make she blood of every true American boll who reflects on how our government was formed and the principles that animated its fowiler Very recently the socialists in Los Angeles have made earnest efforts to get a permit for public speaking the streets a privilege which Is frerigiv n to re liglous fanatics who are howling nightly in many places but It was denied them though any morbidminded halfcrazy In dividual on religion who wants to talk about God and an imaginary world of no concern or Importance is never denied This Injustice Is so glaring no words can express the contempt felt for the temporary possessors of power who are responsible for It and so closely are newspapers con nected with politics and politicians so great is the influence of dollars and patronage that none of them protest against this outrage pn equal rights and all remain as mum as a clam on the principle Involved Believing they had a constitutional right to speak on the streets despite n city ordinance the social- Ists made the attempt and when asked for their permit rend both state and national constitutions giving toe right of free speech But It did no good city ordinance being superior to both so the speakers were y placed under arrest and when ball was offered for freedom while waiting action imandedgenerally demanded In misdemeanors no greater As Is well known socialists are persistent people not easily squelched so they have continued to speak and to be arrested taking that way to rouse public opinion on a most vital questionFree speech Probably 1500 ball money is now up and still they are speaking and being arrested and every lover of liberty glories In their determination for It Is by and through such brave and determined characters that freedom In every form Is ob tained and perpetuated How many who read that Immortal say Ing eternal vlgllgance Is the price of liberty really think It has serious applica tion to the present But dos have an- di never In our history ns a nation were greater efforts needed than right now to Continued on page 7 n7 fi jlif t t fJi 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE 1 r+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + f f No Visible Sign s NNNNNNNNtiNNNN N N NNNNNNNNNNNNN NN I All Gods are Creatures of Mans Making and Change as Mens Notions Change By John H Schwartz- It has been the experience of the human race that the gods change as the race changes Scarcely two persons can be found having the same concept of a god There Is hardly an Intelligent old person who advances In thought that attributes the same qualities to his god today as he did in his youth Each day has found some necessaryI that the gods are creatures of mans own making and are 4either good or bad as the one who makes him Let a man describe his god and he but portrays himself If his is a god of wrath and torture beware of that man ine person who believes In a god at all Invites compassion and he who believes in a god of wrath is Indeed an object of pity Not long since I heard this prayer from a preacher Our Father who art In Heaven as we think of the cripples the invalids and of the asylums overflowing with the insane we thank thee that no visible sign of thy displeasure rests upon us What a concept of God And this Is the Christian god This Is he who sees the sparrow fall and numbers the hair of the head Poor wretched cripple this once promising youth whom disease has ravaged and deformed whose lithe limbs have been twisted into gnarled clubs whose hand some form has given way to an unsightly hunchback whose buoyant youthful hopes have been blighted and whose highest as pirations have been thwarted No more he creams of a home with a loving com panion and merry children No more his fancy revels In the thoughts of broad acres and golden harvests No moro his Imagina tions delight In crowding the busy marts of the world making his Influence felt among the men of millions As he goes hobbling down tho street people pass to the other side rather than to meet him Young women who were his playmates in 1chlldhood shrink at his approach not be cause they dislike him but because their hearts bleed at the sight of his misfortune But ah the gods They being more of the divIne and less of the human delight In placing their visible mark of condemna I tion upon him How these words grate upon the sensibilities of sensible people We thank Thee that no visible sign t Thy displeasure rests upon us zi Patient toiling mother How faithful to every duty She who read the scriptures constantly believed them implicitly and put her trust in god incessantly She who bore so many children in obedience to the command Replenish and multiply the earth She whose last deliverance left her a helpless hopeless Invalid is now recom pensed with paralysis Years of hope of faith of confidence of happy anticipations were hers and this reward The expected felicity and the happy ripe old age have come but to the wheeled chair Somehow sometime somewhere for some reason of which she knows not the wrath of the gods have been Invoked and now their visible sign of displeasure rests upon her defenseless head But the worst of all is Insanity One visit through bedlam convinces Lets not dwell longer upon the misery of the un fortunates Tis more than humane man can bear Tis enough Now and then the world gives birth to a human monstrosity But what manner of man is this who entertains such a revolting belief Poor deluded mental dwarf who says It rains wo know not why the wind blows but why we can not tell Such science and philosophy died with Martin Luther and has been too long dead for resurrection Yet this Is the mental caliber of a man who would be a teacher and leader of the people This Is the Igno ramus who knows nothing of the nature of diseases but has an abundance of knowl edge of the wrath of God Were I to seek for the missing link I would accord this creature the unique position between where monkey stops and man begins And this is the fellow who knows from whence we came and whither we are going and yet dont know why It rains How men and women who came In con tact with the various afflictions of the race afflicting alike the good and the bad can give their support to such a cruel doctrine surpasscth all intelligent human under standing May my right arm hang helpless at my side and my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth rather than to ever insinuate that the poor unfortunate cripple Invalid or madman has been visited by any angry GodLeave It to this expounder this gentleman of the cloth to gratify his oWn morbid sensibilities with the prayer We thank thee that no visible sign of thy displeasure rests upon us 7l II What Constitutes a Freethinker II X 1 If We Will But Teach Humanity Against Christianity the Victory Is Ours By A B Bennett r According to Websters definition a Free Jthinker is one who disbelieves in the so called Inspired book of the bible andkdivinity of Christ Let us consider those reasons are not all that constitute a Free thinker The Bible contains the History of t f a tribe of people that grew into a nation iby its conquests ofa particular country ir Prospered in its Arts and Sciences as previous nations had done For centuries tfrom Deuteronomy to Revelation we hear little or nothing of a heaven or a hell but at this time a clearer revelation is said to have come to this nation but it is alsokJ lConspicuousLion pass before us To all appearances yti they do not differ from similar characters of other nations by having any belief In a future state Then we pass from the his j11 torical to the religious writings people Of their hymn of their templ4 of their prophets etc Hero too we do not ifW r meet with any clear reference to a future state The wonders of this people Is their I 1LChrIstianexcelled or equalled to this day Is it not I a historical fact that when a people go after strange gods they the people In variably lapse Into a state of semibar barism Cannot we trace the wanderings y of this people from Christ down through tho centuries of semibarbarism Kingcraft Priestcraft ignorance and superstition Cannot we trace the greater progress of this people from Galileo Bruno Martin Luther Savanolo down through the cent fIHenryameliorationmind that the bible has been translated and conformingtothe original text isas much different as a horse is from a pig compared with the present version Therefore as true Freethinkers let us by precept and example teach the truths of the universe as revealed In Nature the truths of Astronomy as known today the truths of physologyf rLypolytheistsmythological superstition may become free Let us teach a religion of humanity Let us carry the doctrine of a rational Civil Liberty where liberty Is not and in doing x1 z5 BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 this we may admit an outlying world into a greater civilization Let us say with all truth that religion will endure and with equal truth that Orthodox Christianity will dieThe future church will be a religion of Conscience The eternal laws of the universe will form the basis for this church Like Luther and Knox nay like Christ himself we must declare war against all kinds of hypocrisy Orthodox religion Is a mockery a libel an Insult to the Intelli civilizationn times like Belshazzer of old and see a i lifett Science Art and Literature is fast gain Moing ground for Freethought and victory Ji seems well nigh won 1 s Could we with rapture thrill f The hearts of those we love This earth would be a Paradise p Instead of that above NNNNNNNNNNNNN t tf BLUE GRASS BLADE Z S 1f tttt Still Cutting the Ground and no Need to 1Change the Name A Few Good Suggestions t f By John P Clarke f What is In a name 4 The Blue Grass Blade will cut as much if hay under that name as under any other There is nothing in the name to scare jrany timid soul nor to attract the thinking person If only such able and gifted writers as I1Ddiutes each week to the cause the Blade jl1w1l1 come out strong and cannot fall to 0 attract attention rt I pass the Blade around and few who refuse to read it and many friends of mine refer to things in it After a while they will subscribe for it Keep on handing them out Perhaps if a large edition was prInted and a free distribution was made ina large city Cincinnati for Instance many persons would be reached that never heard of it before Surely the friends of the Blade will see that It is distributed We Socialists flood the whole country with the Appeal of lr Reason and the result is a circulation of r 312000 per week by subscription Tho 15V Appeal is getting so great In Influence that the United States Postal and Justice Department are bent upon suppressing it Quite a compliment isnt It It is not so M easy to suppress something that 312000 persons are crying for Let the Blade get 312000 subscribers and the churches will begin to turn into movingpicture shows If the Blade could send oat one Free thought lecturer and distribute Blades in his audiences it would revolutionize things Ingersoll made money and advanced the cause of Rationalism We uold little Socialist meetings and collect enough to pay expenses and sell pamphlets and give away tracts and papers Dr Wilson or Mrs Henry would make a good missionary I will wind up with a little story that I Irishman was dying In a Catholic Hospital A sister of mercy was on one side of his bed and a Priest on the other He was asked if he had any last request to make and said that he had about 500 that he would like sent to his dear old mother in Ireland The Priest told him that It was his duty to God to give two hundred to the church and the sister told him that if he gave 200 to the Hospital that she would Intercede for his soul with the merciful Virgin He finally gave in and the Priest said What message shall we send to the dear old mother in Ireland tIt Tell her said the dying man that I died like Christ between two thelves This may be a mere tradition but I am sure that It hnsamore solid foundation than any chapter in the Bible Sound thecall to action i Let the writers write Let the Kidder kid Let Charlesworth use a good eye in picking out the errors in typeology and Jim grind out the stuff and the Band Wagon will be moving and the procession will line Strike up Hark from the boom the Joyful sound The Blade gang is cutting the ground Gird up our loins were on the hike Pass us the coins well take the pike Nothing succeeds like success Noth ing fails like a failure Transmuting a failure Into a success is the outcome of scientific alchemy BRAIN A NECESSARY FACTOR Mental and Manual Labor On The Same Footing In Socialism Reply Grler Kidder By Louis Calais Quite often some opponent of Socialism makes the statement that It does not recognize the value of brains In the pro duction of wealth and M Grier Kidder In his article on Human Eccentricities takes occasion to repeat this statement In r h Vt the following words Dont the Socialists tell us the working man produces all the wealth and in the context he makes it appear that it is muscular exertion only that is meant He fails to state the proposition correctly He should have said labor combined with nature produces all the wealth- I dont know by what right or authority he assumes that labor or working man If he choosesnas reference only to manual and not to mental work The Socialist makes no distinction be tween mental and manual labor because as applied to production there is none They are simply two different kinds of labor necessarily combined to produce a certain desired result and all labor pro ductive of wealth necessarily partakes more or less of both characteristicsS The merest tyro in the study of Social ism knows that there is no labor in which there is not some mental exertion You cant do even section work on a railroad without a brain and It must be In working order or you go to an asylum The one is useless without the other and it is simply ridiculous for anyone to try to separate or contrast them in this connection as they are both necessary factors in the production of wealth Mr Kidder would not dare to openly contend that it is the idlers who produce the wealth But by inuendo he tries to make it appear that they are In some way necessary to its production Of course he means the idlers who are richthe Rocke fellersIf will read Miss Tarbells History of tho Standard Oil he will learn that the time and talents of all such persons has not been devoted to the production of wealth but to its accumulationand some times not even to thatHe will also learn that they are very unscrupulous as to the means they employ to obtain this wealth And no may also learn that the reason why those men are millionaires is because the millions who do produce have been ex ploited of it Here is where Socialism draws the line It toes not consider the mental labor of those who possess great fortunes and draw Incomes because of ownership of greater value than that of those who work with hand or brain to produce that income And the Socialist contends that this wealthrshould remain with its producers and not go to a Harry Thaw Such as he are welcome to all they ever produced But we dont think It is right for them to have the millions that others have tolled and suffered for I advise Mr Kidder as well as all others to study Socialism It Is the greatest and grandest movement on earth towards aYhigher and better civilization l 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE EventsZ Z NHNHHNNNNNNHNHHNN HHHNNNNNH H N Jj DS AND OS According to well authenticated reports the city or New York Is to have a church clynlc for the treatment of nervous diseases conducted on a joint plan by doctors of divinity and doctors of medicine and in this tho church would appear to bo riding for a fearful fall The movement has been Inaugurated upon a small scale but some of the preach ers In the big city and Its tributary terri- toryt ore now openly advocating an ex tension thereof With praicher and doc tritf at work upon a given ca3a tho patient t1 will never know If a euro Is wrought how much Is due to medicine and how much to divinity Should both curative agents attempt to operate at the same time there might come n conflict of authority trud paUentstpull devil to see which could get there first and afterwards claim all the credit It evident that the doctors of divinity are willing to tackle the job alone and are in n measure compelled to call in the assistance rtof the doctors of medicine Th doctors of medicine wnula stand a bettar chance of winning ly playng a lone hand but with the preachers added to the faculty there are wider opportunities for a splendid graft and for business reasons the partnership between medicine and divinity was deemed more preferable than for each agency tot operate alone Should a dissolution ever 4 take place and each side undertake to run a clinic according to its own notions we would be willing to stake our all upon the chances of mcdlcno oroviug a winner in the number of cures but the divinity ele ment would gi t the larger share of the cah Preachers might seem by nature peculiarly fitted for the treatment of nervous diseases They create more cases of n nervous character than till othor elements combined Religion Itself is but the man festation of a nervous disorder and It would be idle to suppose that religion the cause could ever successfully be made a cure Gentle minds revolt at the fearful doctrines promulgated In the name of re ligion and under its Influences such minds give way to melancholy and their afflic tion brings on nervous disorders So far as Is known this Is the first time In history that an ecclesiastical organization has been effected to attempt to offer a cure for Ills produced by itself Tho experiments will fril iw51d n INJUIJJ b be watched with no little interest but that interest would be even greater had the medicine portion of the treatment been left out- HERESY IN ROMt Another mind soaring toward the light another mind unable to retain the silly stories taught ie name of orthodox Christianity has announced a rejection of the myths connected with the Garden of Eden business and as a result the further right to officiate as a priest of god has been denied those hlgu In church authority This time the denouement Is found in Italy the home of the Pope and the pres ent battle ground for mental liberty The principal character therein is Father Peter Mlnochi a Roman Catholic priest In dition to his ecclesiastical predilections ho was also a historian and a scientist and is rated as being among the best scholars In the nation The scene of this little demonstration is laid In the beautiful city of Florence where It Is said the priest has ministered to a Roman Catholic congrega tion for years His researches and in vestigations Into the realm of both science and history had led him to completely reject the Garden of Eden story and what is more he is determined to make his re jection In public in spite of protest The published accounts state that he had pre pared a lecture which he proposed to give before the people of his parish but In strict accord with Roman Catholic custom he first submitted the copy of his lecture to the Archbishop of the diocese for ap proval or disapproval An approval meant that the lecture could be given under the sanction of the church A disapproval meant that the lecture should be absolutely suppressed The archbishop disapproved The lecture was placed on the Index Ex purgatorius rather Mlnochl knew too much Moreover ho was possessed of an indomitable power and a courage that Is simply superb A retraction was demanded and as Indignantly refused Father Mlnochl gave the lecture without permission and for his pains he was refused the right to cele brate mass In any of the Catholic churches So far so good In former years a far ferent fate would have been meted out to him This alone Is an Indication of prog ress The church can no longer kill the man It can only prevent him from officiating in Weir sanctuaries When the request reached Father Mlnochl jxtti ifI jjj w that he retract what he had put Into that lecture he wrote a reply refusing and what ho had to say to his archbishop ought to be read by every man and women In the habitable world No Freethinker could say aught more radical or anything that could be more expressive or more clearly to the point It contains the sum of all argument and Indicates just what an in dependent course of study will accomplish when freed from the trammeling Influences of church domination A portion of that reply made by Father Mlnochi is repro duced as follows What You ask me as a man of honor and as a priest to declare openly that I believe which I do not believe You want me as a historian to say that a story In vented by a fiction writer several thousand r years ago about the doings of a God who 1 had a garden on earth and who took there his evening constitutionals Is true You want me to say that I believe that In the garden lived a man made of mud and a woman made of the rib of the man made of mud and that from a certain tree in the garden a serpent spoke to them and tempted them to eat the fruit which that J God coveted for himself I shall never believe anything of the kind nor shall I ever say that I do u j CHURCH OPPOSING PROHIBITION t Can It be true that the Episcopal church has been capable of grasping truth Can it be true that after years of argument in 1 j which the church stoutly maintained a de jleglslatlouof Christian observances compulsory the church has at last been brought to a realiza tion of the sociological fact that men can 11not bp made good or moral by law Such seems to bo the case It current paper reports aro true From f learn that Bishop Grafton of Fond du newsIand Bishop Webb of Milwaukee Wisconsin have denounced being a cause of crime and Bishop actually asserts that his opinion is that of the Episcopal church as a whole There is however just a little Incon sistency in some of the reasoning Indulged in by Bishop Webb who Is accredited with saying Prohibition is advisable in the South because of the colored race but in the North is unwise The principal ground upon which the objection to Prohibition in tho north is made is that It encourages secret sales of liquor of a mean character Increases drunk eness and rowdyism If this Is true which simply means that in spite of prohibition the white men of the north can procure X whiskey would not the same conditions dprevail in the South and the colored race fdisplay an equal apltude in the same dl i i t I tf f i v BLUE GRASS BLADE fit rection Members of the colored race do get whiskey in the South oven In prohi bition districts and if the Bishops reason ing is Good for the North it is also good for the South If prohibition is wrong in tno South it is wrong in the North andthe same argument holds good the other way Liberal minded men and women have long known that the friends of prohibition as well as its advocates do not as a rule come from either the Episcopal or Roman Catholic churches They come from the more militant sects of Christian profession who seem to take an especial delight in regulating tho affairs of their neighbors but cry stop the moment those neighbors attempt to apply a little regulation of their own The history of prohibition proves its Impotency its viciousness and undesir 1ability Leave prohibition to the church j and It will prove the rock upon which it ywill immolate itself Allow Freethinkers to continue In the advocacy of temperance and its superiority will be demonstrated A JOLT FOR BRITISH LORDS Most of us have read Mark Twains In nocents Abroad and we have been tickled with its rich humor We have also read his Prince and Pauper and the Impressions l made were in effect that even the court iers of the king including the king and queen were unable to discern that Tom Canty was not their own son bone of their bone flesh of their flesh and heir to the throne of England The peasant pauper lad was compelled to assume the role of a andIdeclarations to the contrary he was deemed to be afflicted with dementia and a seal k was placed upon the lips of all his attendants We all know who have read that the satire beneath the story was in effect ktan argument that prince and pauper were of flesh and blood alike and to carry It still further as they were equal at birthan iequajUtyj would be established in death In his relative position to the universe the prince stood no higher than the pauper lad his only distinction came from tho man created custom of permitting kings to rule over them A similar case in point For generations r since the establishment of the Britishl t parliament hereditary legislation has been tolerated and permitted through the medium of the House of Lords In somo l way or another it was felt that a Lord had f been cast In a superior mold was of an order higher than tho general run of humanity and therefore entitled to privi 1leges and honor tnat were denied to the common people This notion has been J s given a Jolt by one James Parker Roe an aspiring Englishman who claims to bee whichiwith a noble lineage and claimed the right fly to a seat in the House of Lords Pro curing a readymade robe for the occasion he presented himself at the door of the Chamber and the obseqlous doorkeeper recognizing the robe not the man admitted him He took a seat which among others had been appropriated by those claiming to be dukes whereas the visitor was simply posing as a lord Dukes are of a higher order than lords This created a con troversy and the imposition was discovered with the result that he was finally In duced retire without creating n Whether it be true or not we do not know but it is reported that nearly all England is laughing at the ridiculous sit uation and this case ought to he uu eye opener to the lords who imagine them selves just a little better than some people IIISMItES Irl Smile a little smile a little Ai you go along Not alone when life is pleasant But when things go wrong Care delights to sep you frowning Loves to hear you sigh Turn a smiling face upon her Quick the dame will fly Smile n little smile a little All along the road Every life must have its burden Every heart its load Why sit down in gloom and darkness With your grief to sup Ai you drink Fates bitter tonic Smile across e cup Smile upon the troubled pilgrims Whom you pass and meet Frowns are thorns and smiles are blossoms Oft for weary feet Do not make tho way seem harder By a sullen face Smile a little smile a little Brighten up too place Smile upon your undone labor Not for one who grieves Oer his task waits wealth or glory IIo who smiles achieves Though you meet with loss or sorroW In the passing years Smile a little smile a little Even through your tears SWEET SLEEP In old Kentucky where the meadow grass is blue In shady nooks with silvery moon shining bright All through theinlght the birds are sleep ing sweetly How about ourselves Can we enjoy It with as much pleasure if we try Willard Horace Barhite TREACHERY IN THE HEPBURN BILL Continued from page 2 ward off the encroachments of depotisrn and tyranny Church and state are not so far apart In this country as names indicate and the plotters are working both to de stroy Freethought and Freespeech without which there can bo no such thing as liberty in any form The stealth with which the Hepburn postal law has been Introduced and the silence of the associated press on the matter is omlnious for by such sneaking and underhanded means did we get the Comstock law that has put so many Freethinkers in living tombs of stone and iron because they were freethinkers Only those who wish to tyrannize over mankind and to get and to hold unjustifiable privileges are opposed to freethought and free speech only such are working for restrict ive laws on human action where natural rights are concerned and when they are seen doing these things self preservation and tho welfare of posterity says resist and evil are always fighting for supremacy and under no government canIIts citizens retain the llberities they have or obtain more without constant effort You cannot be off your guard without en dangering your rights for plotters are sleepless and ready with unpleasant sur prises If you are and when you discover opposition to the free Interchange of thoughts between man and man you will find it emanates from grafters with special privileges wouldbe despots or religious bigotsaThen is a reason for everything and those who work In the dark to accomplish results never did like publicity and those who believe in special privileges and liberty for the wealthy class only hate an agitator worsotnan a religious bigot does an unbeliever and all of them want a law immediately to silence such citizens But the man who believes in right and Justice and dont want something for nothing not oDposoil to free speech and n free press for he defends no system that robs and oppresses the producer and consumer In other words that generates paupers and mllllonarles If ever the wrongs that prevail In society are remedied they will disappear because of freespeech and a free speech paved the way and any man who attempts to stand in the way of these natural and necessary rights is an enemy of his race and a testable character that invites the exe crations of all mankind who love and de sire liberty tir fh1 S BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and t edited by him until his death February ft JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher 1268 N Limestone St Lexington Ky P Box i SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpald150 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance ltO each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one r remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 500 one year 800 Quarter column single one insertion 200 one month six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates application The publishers have the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES c ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the of the term the subscription has been paid up fad The slip on the paper will show subscribers the date of expiration f of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal In case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this office giving both old and new THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at 12t128 North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky which all Freethinkers be given a hearty welcome 5THE BLADE is entered at the Postomce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mail ing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE PO Box j Lexington Ky + X t I Editorial J 1O x O O Xot i THE CORRESPONDENCE SCHOOL iThe Correspondence School as and in the Blade can almost be tC declared an actuality Its fulfillment depends upon the f number of pupils secured and with six ralready promised in less than a week no reason wiry the full complement of one hundred should not be the Blade first suggested a National Bureau to undertake this work investigation has proven that one central managing body would be more preferable and if the school as now planned assumes larger proportions than the Blade could properly care for there is an abundance of scientific teachers in Lexington both at the State University and at Transylvania Universityj to furnish competent fay i sistance in conducting the examina far no word has been received by the Blade in opposition to the School Some opposition had been offered against the National Bureau This came principally from Mlrs Eliza Mowry Bliven of the Materialisms As sociation and from W H Kerr of the Church of Humanity Both commended a part and both thought some other part was not to be commended but neither found any specific fault The Blade desires to say at the outset that the School is not designed to run an ta gnostic to either organization but on the contrary to be an aid to both Materialism and Humanitarismi denote intelligence The school is intended and as a natural consequence will spread enlightenment increase intelli gence and thereby prepare the ground for the making of Humanitarians and Materialists Besides both of these organizations can pursue the even term of their appointed way build up their local or branch societies and the School wills prepare teachers to sus tain and encourage these societies after they are once organized In this way they can be made mutually profitable and interdependent By their cooperation the anticipated result would be more speedily achieved It means a more solid and substantial basis for future organized effort by the Freethinkers of America This gives strength and substance Education is the greates foci to all forms of superstition and in the uni versality of education lies our hope of ultimate success It has been well said that history is but philosophy teaching by example With its repetitions we have nothing now to do By the light history af fords wo ought to be able to profit through the experience thus gained and strive to avoid the mistakes of the past The present idea of a Correspondence School may not make as meteoric a show as some of our past efforts Its worm must of necessity be slow But it will be sure Its results will be more certain They will also be more permanent There is lit tle likelihood that orthodoxy could over make the slightest headway against the graduates of such a school While its instruction could not be ab solute or complete yet itpoints the way to a fulfillment of human desire for wholesome and useful knowledge The plan we have outlined for the School is sufficient to furnish informa tion to all wilt may become interested enough to want to know something about it Should further information be desired the Blade will be pleasedI to offer any explanation necessary The plan is simple enough and the Blade can manage it with ease unless the School membership increases be yond our expectations in which event help could be secured in order to make the monthly examinations in a correct and acceptable manner The first and greatest essential is the necessary literature with which to open the School For this in a meas ure there ought to be sufficient outside support that is a support independent of the School because the tuition fee of only ten dollars a year will be absorbed by the twelve examinations that have to be made through correspondence and more would be required We do not hesitate to express a firm belief that once our wealthy American Freethinkers can be convinced of the great utility of such a f school and the certainty its success ful launching they will cheerfully lt contribute to such a cause 1f In the course of time as is the case r with all educational institutions a y charity fund could be established from which could be paid the tuition fees of deserving well recommended young tA men and women who have not the financial i means to join the School or pur chase the necessary textbooks for theirtstudies Blade subscribers when re newing could at times enclose an textra dollar for the benefit of such a itor cations could be made for tlhe benefits accruing By these means a real hu man service is being rendered a hu man duty being done and mankind is benefited thereby X 41thatis a part To improve others means that other parts of the same universe are being improved and with improve ment more human happiness must surely come J Now friends the Correspondence School is in your hands We want pupils first and second wo need finan help Once wo can secure the oil hundred the school will begin If the required number is enrolled beforeyJuly the School will not wait for that date but operations will immediately It Y commence The studies will not in terfere with any labor They can be pursued at night after the days rout 1fine of toil is over Are you desirous of obtaining the advantage hero offered to secure an philosophyThen 4 l is rr l BLUE GRASS BLADE I ship in the School You will not be asked to pay any tuition fee until we J are ready to begin the courses of struction This will give you plenty of time to think it over The Blade wants to hear from all its friends on this important subject It is a big undertaking We must not spell failure We solicit your support your patronage and your hearty co f operation J iDont hesitate Writd now You idea on the subject Make Jus acquainted with them You must cf in its possibilities its utilities Express that belief whatever it may be If you or unable to join the school yourself you may know of some young man or woman who would be glad to Ejoin it Direct their attention to it Let the know that there is such a zohoo1 Tell them where it may be tf found By a strong united effort wo may i soon acquire a splendid educational victory over the votaries of orthodoxy I PAINE AND AKED Some time ago Rev Dr Aked a Englandpredatory wealth startled his fashionable congregation by threatening to tresIgn unless they coughed up 30000 during a Sunday morning service Jt The sum demanded represented the church deficit for the fiscal year Dr Aked sailed into his congregation and If as ha has not resigned it is a safe I presumption that he got what he asked for But how Christianlike And how unlike the human impulses of Thomas Paine The latter started the subscription list for the straggling and r starving continental army by donating his entire salary gave his all and a whole nation was fed It is doubtful if Dr Aked contributed one cent from his magnificent stipend and the sam he asked for was not to feed the hungry clothe the naked or to allevi Ylate suffering but to preach a ghostly superstition inn palatial edifice tho inside of which the poor are never seenThis is another case of thousands for superstition and never a cent for Immunity Such conditions could not obtain but for a purient pseudopiety- r which the clergy strive to cultivate in order to maintain this ecclesiastical system that is sapping the vitality of the nation Church financiering can not be above reproach rt HNNNNHHHHNNNNHNHHNNNNNi HHNNNN o o oxo = 1z t U START THE SCHOOL NN M1NMM NNN NMN NNMNNNN NNN MNN 00 Strong Commendatory Letter From One of the Old Guard With t Practical Hints For Its Successi rByS F Benson t I mos endorse idea of a school trt we the dire necessity of some capable organization t both the respect and the solicitude of the church partyt capst t t The greatest care should however be exercised in selecting the committee and in napping out its curriculum that it may be fully r guarded against factional divisions and special fads which would insure its speedy extinction teacht t- t But as you suggest we should require a knowledge of such branches of science as furnish the foundations of our faith when trof real knowledge t a negative and a positivett The Correspondence School will of course begin small and t grow with the growth of the work And its cirriculum and activi ties will of course develop with and in consonance with its require mentst need of a School Journal of some sort will at once be oft+ of this central commilltee should grow imperceptibly into a newt t Codex Veritas or Book of Truth who cares It would not be tinfallible nor divinely inspired and could therefore be pruned ramended and enlarged as the boundaries of huiiian knowledge liberaltin the endmake the mare go and we shall soon need quite a goodly bank account The correspondence must all be printed and t rthe time and postage would be quite an item of expense And if tnny field work was intended the field workers would need to be tby a strong central organization or they would fail as have Z ryr the old freotihought lecturers enterprisetr I have an idea that if it existed merely to instruct a few friendly t tfreetllinlcers it would expire within the year of its birth But us from all its friends for I am persuaded that the corre possiblyt t tof shaking the whole citadel of superstition Anyway lets give t tho little bantling a chance and we shall see what it can dot Pierson Iowa sN H i ht y ij S Itci f 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE THE MISSION HAS FAILED The mission of Christ is to reveal the father who is love and fireand- to save the world Universalist Herald Then indeed has Christs mission been a miserable failure Not has he failed in offering the slightest revelation of the father but he has not yet suffi ciently revealed himself In spite of this socalled Christians professing Christians will waste words anent missions revelations and the father but the definition given of such a father is enough to make the laws of gravitation reverse themselves Love and Fire The former is a misnomer in any event and the latter may be accepted as symbolically true for wherever the name of this sup posed father has been carried it has fallen upon the people as an allcon suming fire not with a view to en hancing the feeling of love but to in spire them with fear Crude notions of deity beget a crude system of re ligion Intelligence knows no deity and consequently it desires no re ligion From time immemorial the gods have wrought strife and emmity by heaping coals of fire upon the un protected heads of men and women while the suffering occasioned by a be lief in him the miseries provoked the hatreds engendered all because of an alleged belief in these gods have led men away from themselves and noth ing confronted them but the dead sea fruit As for Christs supposed mission It one might say we can never know what it really was or is So many different byfthq products of their own imagina tions So far as we have been able to learn the one mission of this sup posed Christ was to induce men and women to believe in him and in his divinity to win the world to a special system of worship to himself Granting that this was his mission then his most ardent followers must admit that it is a failure and destined to become even a greater failure Every day the world is drawing further from Christ and taking more to humanity There are more infidels today than there were yesterday There will be more infi dels tomorrow than there are today and with progressive forces combining for good their number will continue to increase with every tick of the clock Men are no longer terrorized by threats of gods of fire Gods of love are being tried but the scheme I V i i i i wont work Educated men and wo men know that good does not come from such a source while the misery wrought in gods name controverts all idea of love being connected with it If it bo true as claimed that Christ came to reveal the father then his revelation should have been made to all men of all nations and not to a specially chosen few in one selected spot and then expect others to take the revelation secondhanded SINGERS AND PREACHERS According to a Kansas preacher the custom of paying for professional singers in church choirs of paying for professional musicians to play the or gan during church service is all wrong and he condemns the system in no measured words Many people have long been famil iar with one important fact namely that the singing rendered during church service has proven far great er attraction to the masses than the sermons of the parsons Judged by their respective drawing capacities the singers ought to get better pay and the parson render his own services gratis It is a noteworthy fact how ever that no suggestion is made of any wrongdoing on the part of the parson to receive a handsome stipend by con tract for doing far less work than the singers and musicians Judging from his argument offered in support of his contention it is in effect that unmindful of the fact that singers of merit and organists of ability hav ing spent large sums of money in voice culture and musical instruction ought to bo willing to donate their services to the church for the greater glory and power of god If this be true would it not redound to the greater glory of god if the parson would remit his sal ary andagree to donate his services to the church This is only another case of do as I say but not as I do Par sons as a rule spend less money on their education than singers and musicians For the most part a number are charity scholars young fel lows who take advantage of some edu cational fund and struggle through some ecclesiastical institution to bo turned cut a fullfledged duly quali fied an ordained preacher There is no good or valid reason why the par son should not set the example of do nating services and when he does it there might be an incentive for the organists and singers to follow his the most impressive signs of the mendacity of tho Christian world is the method by which attractions are purchasato draw peon o to vhurch The simple gospel and the doctrine of n crucified savior has lost whatever charm it might hove originally possessed Something new must be evolved dug out and put on exhibition Class ical selections are produced by hand somely paid singers and in order to hold an exclusive call upon their ser vices contracts are made in which large sums of money are involved and advertisement resorted to in order to let the public know what the partic ular attraction consists of Famous sopranos tenors baritones etc oire eagerly sought after and this has de veloped a struggle between the churches sometimes of the same de nominational character for possession of these crack soloists Then again time muse be given to rehearsal and this draws upon the surplus energy of the choir All this cries this cowboy gospel puncher is wrong and he would wipe it from the church cur riculum Understand he wants to keep the musicians and he wants them to work to help earn his own salary by agreeing to donate their time and talents to his church Let tho good work go on Let tho singers and musicians be thrust out of the churches The church is not the place for them anyway Music denotes joy Singing true singing comes only from a happy heart There is neither joy or happiness within the cloistered walls of an orthodox church and there is a wide field for all such joyous talents on the outside Cheer human ity If there is a god he does not need specialdelightpraises sung aloud Men and women can enjoy good music It stimulates and cheers Music is not en rapport thingtlmtwhile the music cannot help the preaching On the other hand if all paytheirleave and seek employment elsewhere and this would mean a decreasing congregation until the parson would be left with the holy ghost for company FREETHOUGHT IN THEOLOGY The idea of Freethought religion is absurd So declares a religious writer in the Literary Digest of March 7 last and the Blade thoroughly agrees with the opinion expressed No thought can be free and remain 6 S Y l ffi 8 t 1 hjf 4BLUE GRASS B ADE u l creed bound This fact remains in spite of clerical pretensions to free pewJustdead church so when a subscription to and a confession ofthat creed is made a requisite of church member ship thought is no longer independent or free for it is behedged with secta rian limitations and is prohibited from reaching out and beyond that creed All creeds are representatives of theological extravagances and absurd ities These have been injected into every known creed Believers make pretense at accepting them under simplefaithis yet floundering in the theology of an atoning cross which human reason rejects The very claim that a be liever can be thought free and retain an orthodox standing is but a pre monitory symptom of turn in the tide of intellectual thought Chris tians are compelled to believe in the alleged verities of an incarnation and an atonement In the free exercise of our free thoughts men have grown to regard these as negligible quantities The age is sickened with theological concealments Men ask for light They demand truth and will not be satisfied with pretense Reason demands that men and wo men shall think for themselves Christianity insists upon a belief with insufficient evidence to justify it Be lief is not thought and yet thought may lead to belief of some sort but not in the direction of orthodox Christianity The believer willingly accepts internal authority The think er insists upon external authority As theology is tJhef body doctrine of Christianity the intellectual mind in sists upon treating it just as would be treated a scientific thesis or a problem in mathematics Under such an in vestigation the Christian faith cannot survive There is something exceed ingly childish in the suggestion of free thought in the pulpit Ministers dare not exercise it The few who have risked the experiment have met with blank failure and a swift punishment has fallen upon them But in the face of such a claim being made we are able to detect a progress even in the ological schools and a sort of boldness that is indifferent to results From such a condition we are justified in the inference that Freethought is beginning to ride the popular wave By claiming to be thought free the church advocates are looking for a popularity outside their own organi zation and the work of the pioneers for intellectual freedom has not been in vainRUSHING THE SEASON When the poet wrote In the spring a lovlier Iris Sets upon the burnished dove He might have completed the rhyme by the addition of something like the followingAnd preacher turns his thoghts to Lots of cash and god above This is the busy season for the sac riloquent evangelists It is now or never With the budding flowers of spring the leafing of the trees with ill nature Sutlliug PJU bursting into fresh new life the preacher must needs take advantage of tho opportunity and regarding this as an especially appropriate seasons with fine milli nery on exhibition he plies his pro fession with more than the usual ardor There was or maybe there still is an old Scotch proverb which said something about shaking the sinner over hell and it must have been quite a salutary exercise tor both par ticipants that is for both sinner and preacher In these days of numerous heresies and liberalities it is highly re freshing to observe an evangelist of the old school picturing future punish ment in the good and old fashioned way with fire and brimstone and the burning lake Could modern evangel ism be confined more to the doctrine of infinite love he would make the re ligion he preaches more attractive than by converting it into a mere raincrow thatl loves to dwell on perdition and confines it raucous preachment to the direst of human punishments Mans fear of the unknown has made him tho victim of innumerable religious schemes Philosophers and psychologists have agreed that where ignorance reigns religion can trade upon mans fears and the more dark and primitive these fears become the stironger are the appeals Such a fear to ignorance is greater than the fear of any earthly punishment and the doctrine of hell has been handled with a view to carrying a message of warningIn respects preaching may be made to count for good There can be no doubt that strong preaching goes to regulate individual conduct but the preaching must bo of the right sort Actions that are wrought through fear are not moral although good may result The prompting motive must always be considered When preachers or their assisting evange ilists undertake to regulate civil govern-ment touch up the trusts and dis cuss the tariff when they begin to ad dress themselves to financial economic and social issues they must necessaril ly do more harm than good for in the very nature of things they are unin formed upon such subjects and their teachings being upon a false basis humanity is misled and hindered in its work of improvement and reform Government and politics can regulate themselves without the aid of the pul pit The American government was not pulpit made It came into existence in spite of the opposition of the pulpit It would be well therefore for the church to severely let politics alone and confine its work to the baptism tof babes and accounting for the doctrine of infant damnation Social and economic reforms are no doubt pressing and necessary but this very necessity has been created by the pulpits of the world because of their steadfast adherence to things as they are and their refusal to encourage the things that should be The church is the citadel of conversatism and as such it is incapable of growth or ex pansion The very moment it begins to seek other issues with which to invade the realm of thought it starts up on a downward course that can only lead to destruction Give the evangelists their full scope and they would not only destroy the state but wreck society by construct ing an oligarchy The church would then be made the dominant factor Life would then be robbed of its garden roses and our hands filled with artificial flowers Ignorance is swayed through the sentiment but intelligence can only be reached by the reason of the thing The rulers of both ancient and modern times look upon religion as the palladium of power andreligion has invariably strengthened the hands of the tyrant while it has stoned the prophets of progress Orthodoxy is always retrogressive for it never learns even with the accumulated wisdom ofvthe world before it- PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED Freethinker London Eng Truthseeker New York City WageSlave Hancock Mich Peoples Press ChIcago Ill Holcombe Journal Holcombo WIs UnIversalist Herald Canon Ga The Sunflower Hamburg N Y Dally Tribune Great Falls Mont Weekly People New York City f t 7 1 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE K t Scientific and Philosophical Correspondence School tI One Year 10 in advance Three Years 25 in advance JAMES E HUGHES Hanager JOHN R CHARLESWORTH instructor LEXINGTON KENTUCKY i Established for the Purpose of tgiving Instruction in a the Fundamental Principles- of Science and the Philosophy of Secularism and Freethought by Comparative F Studies as between them rand Theology and j Orthodox Systems Based on Creed and Formula if I Learn to Free Yourself from Superstitions Chains Refuse to be a Mental Slave and be Able to rl Give a Reason for the Faith that is in You f t Schoolwillopen about July 1 1908- or as soon as 100 pupils are enrolled r Educate yourself to become a teacher ay in Liberal ideas T HE object of the school is to offer in con densed form what may be called a comprehensive course of studies in natural Science natural philosophy secular and sacred his tory theology and ecclesiasticism with a view of enabling the student to form a rela tivo and comparative knowledge upon the most important subjects in issue between rationalistic thought and theological teaching The purpose of the school is to fit its students to become teachers and educators in natural philosophy in an intelligent lopposition to orthodoxy ii The full course will combine geology astronomy zoology f botany inorganic chemistry philosophy natural history sociol ogy all branches of history sacred and secular theology biblical literature logic rules of evidence rules of debate corn poetryPrinted will be sent to each pupil once every month a and pupils will be required to submit written answers thereon eachmonth Pupils can obtain their own text books upon advice from the instructorThe years course will comprise studies and examina tions in the first five subjects namedabove These studies can be made at home after the duties of the day have been completed so that this extremely liberal offer ia actually brought into your home If desired the School will have the text books sent to you upon order and payment of the cost Pull details will be given in ample time to start the school in unison The School will be opened primarily under the auspices of the Blue Grass Blade For temporary purposes James E Hughes will be the rimnager of the School with John II Charlesworth as its prin cipal instructor Other instructors will bo added from time to time as the needs and emergencies of the School may de mend Pupils should have an attained ago of 15 years or more or at least possess the rudiments of a good elementary education No man or woman over gets too old to learn and the School is open to all persons over the ago suggested who may desire to avail themselves of these educational opportunities You will profit by these studies To learn what is offeredr enables you to teachothers Do you wish to join the School Then send your name now to James E Hughes BlueaGrass Blade Lexington Ky and have it enrolled The tuition fee will not be called for until 100 names have been secured With that number the School will open JAMES E HUGHES AIXVr ir BLUE GRSSBL E 13 Series A 11 PrimaryDepartment ZOOLOGY I FIRST LESSON EXPLANATORY The questions propounded below are designed to serve a double purpose They constitute an outline for an investigation into what will assist the stu dent to obtain the most complete knowledge of the sub ject A full and complete answer to each question may be found in the text book The course is prescribed to benefit the student therefore answers must not be taken verbatim from the text book but should be a mental effort upon the part of the student derived from what has been readIf a reference to the text book is necessary for the pur pose of obtaining the correct way to spell a name or even to refreshSmemory this is permissible but should not be done if it can be avoided If such reference is made do not prepare the answer until the mind has been allowed to reflect upon the question In this way the student will be able to better remember what has been studied Your success or failure depends upon the manner in which you conduct the studies assigned You may deceive the instructor successfully but you cannot deceive your oughttoimproperly SPECIALTY OBSERVE that the examination questions are designed to compel the student to read in order to f find the answer At the same time it is an outline or a direction to what is best for the student to know in order to complete the education desire Having found the an swers by reading also read the correlated portions of the book the text and context and in this way your knowledge will be more thorough and complete Dont abandon the book after you have made answer to the questions If you do you will neglect the opportunities here offered RULES iAn answer must be made to each and every ques tion propounded in writing Sign the paper and mail to us not later than the lost day of the month after receiving Write only on one side of tho paper Foolscap should be used for convenience 2Vrite to the Instructor for advice in case of neces sity if you fail to fully understand what is given you 3No change can be made in examinations after they once reach this office 4Ertch examination paper will be adjudged and graded according to its merits and the grading reported explanationnote the corrections if any 0 5 Examination papers will be mailed from the School at such times as will allow the student to have them in his or her possession by the first day of each month GEvery question must be answered To omit any question will count against the per centago in grading All answers should be made in duplicate the student retaining one copy for future reference in case of error and correction7In grading a general average of 75 per cent will 3 1Example Example Examination No1 Zoology Primary Question IWhat is Zoology Define term and scope Question 2Into how many classes are objects divided Name them Question 3What ara organic objects What inor ganic objects Forty questions constitute one examination bYFair 75 per cent Good 80 per cent Very Answer 1jZoo from the Greek zoon pertaining to animal or aninijals Ology being a discourse or inquiry is a discourse or inquiry into animals and animal life Its scope is to treat of all animals from the lowest to the highest with reference to their structure functions development analysis nomenclature and classi fication The subject is subdivided into other branches of its own Answer 2 Objects are divided into two classes organic and inorganic Answer 3 Organic objects are plants and animals manifesting a cell life and known and distinguished as j living things Inorganic objects are such minerals or mineral substances as rock or soil known and distinguished as nonliving things to all other questions follow IAnswers APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP James E Hughes Lexington Ky I the undersigned hereby make application for membership in The Scientific and Philosophical Correspondence School for yearcourse of study I agree to follow the course of study prescribed and to conform to the rules governing examinations I also agree to procure the prescribed textbooks and to follow the course of studies therefrom as directed by the School Name Do you desire to become i teacherAddress County t State Fill out the above blank and mail to James E Hughes Lexington Ky f 0 I 11 4 i ITT1 ttwJ i r i ir 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE t AA JAtVV rvv 1 ICbe Blades Gotwespondence uuuuurrrrr rWf t ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS E LEWIS Your suggestion to have the Blade copies for one year bound Is excellent and we had that In view when we changed the form If we can work It we shall bind up a umber at the end of ho year fur those who may desire then riE W SHIRLEYNo better work could done or of greater value to the cause 1be your work of distributing Freethought That Is the way to get next to people Hope you will come out ot your t legal tight O K Thanks rW F BOZEMANThe advertisement has gone In the last Issue Now tell us F how you like the looks of It Freethinkers desiring those particular seeds are so f licited to order them from you Thanks SILAS ROCKWELLThanks for manu i script Will use It as Indicated In per sonal letter sent L H BROADWELL Your position In regard to the Bade Is cjura ndiiblo we publish may not please every reader 1but we publish some things that all readers may find pleasure therein Thanks for renewalJ i BOHON Will give Billy Sunday and Madame a touch In some succeeding Is tisue We appreciate the papers and thank you for Interest shown f C DANIEL It the Blade does not come regularly now Kinly call Oir jventlon in it again Thanks for names Sample copies will be sent A 0 MARBLESorry your correction could not reach us In time for the original article but with Its publication now our readers will be able to understand JAMES T GITTMANGlad to state that the Blade Is still doing business at the same old stand and by tho eternal we mean to keep it up Come in and Join the family CORRESPONDENCE A Splendid Suggestion PASADENA CALIFI am much pleased with the new form of the Blade Fiftytwo issues will if preserved make a book of 780 pages and it will be well worth bind ing and kept on the centre Stll running by Gum WOODLAWN ALAKindly Inform me if you can furnish back numbers of the Blade between the issues of January 26th and March 1st and cost of same JAMES THORNTON GITTMAN Correction Offered OKLAHOMA CITY OKLABy way of correctionplease state that No 46 page 12 of the Blade the 1905 Report of the Penltnetiary is for the state of Ohio In stead of Oklahoma as Oklahoma has none but instead uses the Kansas pen The omission of Ohio may cause many disputes and put our people In bad light The Ohio Penitentiary Chaplain furnished me the figuresA D MARBLE Will Get It Straight CENTRE AIiAOn the 19th inst I mail ed you postofflce order for 150 for one years subscription to your paper I also acknowledged receipt of sample copies Have not heard from you since Have not received the Blade in three weeks what is the matterR DANIEL Likes It Just the Same VELPEN INDIANA Enclosed here with please find 150 to set my subscription to the Blade forward one year It dont require a very wise person to know that the Blade is greatly Improved in its new dress and worth every cent it costs and more too I am unable to got you any new subscribers here from the fact that our people do not like your position on the prohibition question neither do they like that Red Flag business if you will get into the Band Wagon on the temperance question and throw down that red rag and hoist the Stars and Stripes I think I could do something for you It seems friend Jim that on religious questions you can knock every last persionon but as soon as you get off that question it seems you dont keep steady in the boat but with all thy faults I love thee still I expect to be a subscriber to the Blue Grass Blade as long as I llTeL R BROADWELL rI 106d 0 Ilis 10110 Your Method Is Good MATHIS GAEnclosed find Postofflce order for J150 which will extend my sub scription till October 7th 1908 I feel un der lasting obligations to you for past favors and especially for the Improved style of the Blade It is filled with goodIreading matter and being an agnostic Atheist you know I enjoy reading good letters in free thought papers While tak ing a ride on the T F Railway last Sun day I distributed eighteen copies of the Blade to the passengers and I requested each one to read the paper telling them it is an Infidel paper each one agreed to read it I am In my 67th year and am a strong believer in causq and effect want no superstition In mine I have paid out over one hundred dollars since I sub scribed to the Blade on account of being an Atheist I was tried In the Superior Court the Judge Is a Baptist preacher one witness Is a Baptist preacher and two others were members of the church and strange to say I was not drunk either See Well I want to write a letter for publication later on when I have time I have nine boys and one girl and a good lteand none of them believe in old orthodox superstition I preach Atheism to all when I get an opportunity which Is very often Wishing you and the Blade a life of happiness I am your friend E W SHIRLEY Will Be Published COVINGTON KYEnclosed I send you some copy which I hope you will think It a valuable acquisition to the columns of your Invaluable Magazine It was written my request by a friend who is a Scotch man who is not only a Freethinker but very bright talented young man Very ultra In his views and perhaps a little enrattIc You will find his writings sound keen and sparkling with wit What I send you is only a prelude to later communica tions I hope and beg you will publish them as I think they will be a valuable accession to your worthy paper I have secured liberal favors from Mrs Josephine K Henry She is a most charming person and writer one among ten thousand and alto gether lovely I heard her addres a con vention In Cincinnati several years ago when she made a lasting impression on my mindSILAS ROCKWELL The Ad Goes Alrlght LEES BURG FLAI would like a ad in the Blade It is enclosed I wmlalso say I love the Blue Grass Balde I Jappreciate Mrs Henrys letters Was a great admirer of Mr Moore I have spent some pleasant hours In and around Lex MR BLUE GRASS BLADE 1s ington Hope to visit your city again someday W T BOZEMAN Sundays Vanity Exposed HUSTONVILLB KYBy same man I start you paper containing samples of Mr Sundays matter and manner which are stirring credulous to unprecedented affinls cence Ho Is furious and often ferocious Voice pitched to highest key beecauso of large auditorium Observe demagogic as sumptions and pleadings Sermon on John V 40 Nothing on VI 44 Condemns confucius for advising a In that good may result No reference to his prototypes ute terance In Romans 37 Heard him waiver thief repentance on cross as his first chance eagerly accepted Dismissed with out further comment The clergy In my row and behind me I was given a preach ers reserved seat placed to receive full benefit of showers from the saint in sanct uary got a new dodge In Billys version and chuckled audibly in admiration and approval Thats good thats good This Is closing week of Crusade 5thCombined concentrated work to excell all precedents 10000 to be raised as a voluntary for Bl11ysa distributing bureauBilly wears a sparkler on left hand and Madame Ss flxlus are fastened with gems that glit ter Not a brick has been thrown at each vanity No stress on dressnow has anyone of the rescued been constrained to cut out tobaccoJ T BOHON NOTICE The many Patron Members and friends of the Motherlovo Home Movement will be glad to learn that Helen Fhllbrick Its originator Is securing title to 20 acresin La Frospcridad Colony Association in Lower California In this Colony all need of or incentive to the prostitution of creative energy being removed by governmental provisions franchise andin dustrial freedom for women and public ap portionment for children the principle of the Motherlove Home education of woman in tho basic principles of human life for protection of the gens through her honor based on that education and seconded by her industrial freedom is practically accomplished as soon as the settlement of the Colony is accom plished Every now member of the Colony sent in with mention of this notice will add one aero of the remaining to tho Home site will receive credit on tho Jlotherlovo ac counts and will be making for themselves a permanent home on tho richest land in the finest climate and among the best governed happiest and most intelligent group of people the world 1In Free printed discriptions of the Colony and Home outline Address Helen H Phil brick 457 Ulyses St Los Angeles Calif or I La Prospcrldad Colony Association Chamber of Commerce Building Los Angels Calif No Other Verdict Possible A member of a church congregation in Wis consin was charged with gambling in stocks and brought up before a committee for vestigation Tho trial began by a deacon Smith tho charge is gambling in sir And you plead not guilty No sir I plead guilty Then you do buy and sell stocks specu late in wheat and oats and sell futures in pork I do sir Didnt I give 1000 in cash to help build this church I scooped that in ono little deal in pork Didnt I pay in 500 on the organ was part of my profits on a specula tion in oats Didnt i pay a deficiency of 100 in the ministers salary this year Yes That came from a corner in cats Havnt I whacked up on the orphan asylum the now bridge the park and the fire engine You have Well that means more new corners and holding on till I felt my hair growing gray Gentlemen I will step out for a moment and Iflt you reach a verdict He stepped but it was only thirty seconds before he was called in and congratulated on tho verdict of Not guilty NN NI Marriage and Divorce by JOSEPHINE K HENRY of VERSAILLES KENTUCKY Thousands of copies ot this uptodato pamphlet aro now In circulation in the United States and England It treats in forcible style of tho most Important prob lem before tho American people It should bo read by both married and single by all men and women who desire domestic promptly filled by the author Copy 25 Cents 5 Copies One Dollar l XXyxAyo rn ToMorrow Magazine Learn to know thyself thy Race thy Country thy Religion thy Courts of thy Physicians thy Teachers thy Rulers thy Paupers thy MIllionaires thy Forms Ceremonies Manners Customs and Insti tutions In their true proportion and perspective TOMORROW MAGAZINE The only publication on Earth that in good nature without feeling or Interest and without fear gives to each and all the true unbiased picture of humanities blundering holds the mirror up to nature and those may look In who choose to do so The Only Impersonal Publication In the World ADDRESS To Morrow Publishing CoR139141 E 56th St CHICAGO ILL Railway Men Attention If you need a Watch to meet the new n qulrements of the Railway Service study web and compare prices of these size lever set Watches HAMPDEN Special Railway 23 jewels 20 NEW RAILWAY 23 jewels 529 CRESCENT STR 21 jewels 2250 same jewels 20 845 new model 21 jewels ELGIN Vcritas 23 jewels 20 Father Time 21 jewels 2250 B W Raymond jewels 20 some jew els 1850 All the above in 3 or 4 ounce Sil verino Screw Case prepaid with guarantee that each watch is latest Improved of grade specified new and perfect and will pass rigid railway inspection In gold filled cases guaranteed by manufacturers for 25 years P more Have advertised In this paper since first DIAMONDS PEARLS OPALS ETU I am an expert in this line and will save you 20 per cent if you will order of me En gagement and wedding rings a specialty Send for price list of watches not listed above Jewelry Freethought Badges Ingersoll Spoons Rings Silver and Plated Ware Op tical Goods and my Tract Theism In The Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook CountyYnur A A BLUEf GRASS BLADE i Three of WINWOOD READES Celebrated Wor- ksMartyrdom of Man NOW ITS TWELFTH EDITION a what the rata undergoneits martytdomIn pres ent It fit chapter the the earth the nt en outline what the Je a love CLOTH 100 The Outcastliterary merit It show the that exist the It portray a = a to SuperstitionCloth 75c nets postage lOc THE VEIL OF ISIS l1 THE JllsIO1ies of tnfDmlaS clear ka5ot the that the and Masonicotder they Cloth 91OO net t postage 14c MASS Fri Sol touglon Sy v FLORIDA AND l NEW ORLEANS I QUEEN 8 CRESCENT ROUTE I1 1 Winter Tourist Tickets WITHOUT CHANGE 1 On Sale November 1st Good Returning May 31st 19071 for WOnllllOD and list of hotels address f QC lING r 8 T A UIIIt twQtOD Ky i li lz readers Get in line Join the Army of Blade i t r r rr is t DOG FENNEL In THE ORIENT by Charles Chilton Moore When a young man the author had started out to walk through the Holy Lands on foot Reaching Paris he gave up the journey and 1 returned home He made the trip by rail and boat about three years before his death This book gives sfa account of what he saw and explodes numerous Christian myths It is especially suitable for a present Cloth Bound 350 Pages Postpaid 125 No Freethinker should be without it Address orders to BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky A TRIP TO ROME by DR J B WILSON The International Congress of Freethinkers was held in the City of Rome Italy Sep tember 1904 The author attended that Congress as the American delegate It an account of travel and personal experiences that has received an universal encomium from press and people In it religious dogmas andttales of priestly fiction are ruthlessly ex posed while the general style is without com parison in American literature of travel r Cloth bound 360 pages illustrated Postpaid 135 Address orders to BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky The Virgin Kary By M Grier Kidder Paper xo Cents This article frat appeared in the columns of the Blade and Editor Moore and James E Hughes were indicted by the federal Grand jury at Louisville for lending ob scene matter through the malls The prosecution was dismissed The article was then republished in the Blade and later put into pamphlet form Thousands of copies have been sold It is a useful missionary docu ment Full of humor and argument Twelve copies for 100 BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky it