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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, April 26, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908042601 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, April 26, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. tc rr s t BLUE GRASS BLADEIVolume XVII Number i LEXINGTON KYM APRIL 260 rgoS Published Weekly 1 iDEVOTED TOz THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT R 11Nongein Freethinker ROCKWELL of Kentucky XI I f BLUE GRASS BLADE SILAS ROCKWELL REMINISCENCES OF A NONAGENARIAN I was born In Trenton N Y 13 miles north of Utica I am of New England de scent My grandfather a Revolutionary soldier lived to the age of 104 years had the pleasure of hearing him tell of the many Incidents of that sanguinary period I may say that I am the only person liv ing who was conversant with his grand father of the Revolution of 1776 I was born January 26 1816 during the adminis tration of James Madison forty years after the Declaration of Independence and am now 92 years old I was a born sceptic At an early age I asked my mother ques tions that she could not answer who ferred them to her pastor who In turn held mo to task saying I was too young to In vestigate questions of such moment Later in life I came across a work by George Combe a Scotchman on the constitution of man one of the best works In the English language at that time I then became a Universalist Still later and upon reaching Thomas Paines Age of Reason I discard ed the Bible as a very illiterate work of feeble minds At the present time I have no evidence of a life after this mortal coil shall have ceased to exist and If there Is a great Arbiter of human events and des tinies he Is in a very poor business ale lowing the elements to destroy both good and bad without discrimination Any good man would do better Now In my 93rd year according to the inevitable laws of nature I must soon lay down my life I am more pursuaded than ever that we are only a higher order of animals that we are begotten and born and die as they and that the mind or soul cannot exist aside from matter that mind is not an entity It cannot be seen felt or con ceived outside of matter All religious theories are the invention of man and while all are not true there are none quite true The views and tactics of all religious denominations have changed very much in the last 80 years The Methodists per haps more than any other When I was a youth the Methodists made their first ape pearance In our neighborhood Men and women dressed in Quaker garb Men wore drab suits and hats coats cutaway some times called shadbellied Women dis carded all furbelows No curls no bows no adornments of any kind They plaited their hair smoothly wore a bonnet of drab plain quaker style No steeples to their churches The men were very boisterous in exclam r t ifJHI ations of Amen Bless the Lord Hal lalujas etc all through the house Every member Tcneit at prayer time and loud exclamations were the order of exercises No amen corners Amens were pro miscuous At Camp Meetings which are among bygone days men and women had what was called the power They fell in a state of apparent unconsciousness and remained so for a long time Prayer sing ing and many convulsions were the order of day or night All this has changed The Methodists are more like other denominations The brothers wear the usual garb of men of the world and the sisters dress In all the fash Ions or the world and their churches have steeples You cant designate a Methodist on the street now from a man of the denominations have also changed but not to so great an extent as the Meth odists Infant baptism is not so much practiced and infant damnation Is entirely lost sight of When I was a youth the first Evangelist or exhorter In protracted meet Ings for the conversion of sinners was in augurated in our neighborhood by the worldrenowned Charles Finney who terwards established the Oberlin Institute In Ohio He was a tall commanding figure with a stentorian voice was of the Presbyterian faith and exercised no little con trol over the passions of the more sensi tive men and women His exclamations were Hell and damnation without reserve In those days churches of the Foreordln ation order and those of the Armenian order were at swords points So bitter that they would hardly speak to each other on the street Also the Free Will and close communion Baptists were antagonis tic Things have changed Churches are more liberal more conciliating I find there are many in the churches as well as out who do not contend for the tenets of the church And men out of the church who are Intelligent and well Informed do not adhere to the doctrines of any church are liberal in their views and do not advo cate them because they are unnonnlar Many public men like Roosevelt are more liberal than they dare proclaim They are what might be called hypocrites A man who has liberal sentiments In mind and does not acknowledge or proclaim them is an arrant hypocrite The world is full of them but a man on the verge of life who has no ax to grind can afford to be honest I had a pretty good opinion of Roosevelt until he in order to cater to public senti ment used such dastardly epithets when speaking of the much reverenced Thomas Paine Because of that unjust remark I have lost faith in the President 314 Garrard Ave Covington Ky J Upon the occasion of a celebration of his 92d birthday anniversary Mr Rockwell was asked by the Editor of the Kentucky Post what he thought of life Mr Rock wells reply as published at the time was T have been asked What do you think of life after 92 years t I can only think for myself not for others My life has been optimlstlcrlook lug on the bright side of the world We are only a higher order of animals We are not accountable to any higher source than our fellowman Twothirds of the world are Ignorant of a high state of morals therefore on a level with animals Animals have minds or what Is called a soul Mind cannot exist outside of the mortal part of man or prop erly matter Spirit does not exist ftls Intangible cannot be seen felt or imagined incorporeal When the body dies the mind or soul becomes extinct We are here without a controlling power No Intelligent omniscient allwise benignant being would allow suffering to human beings of his own creation Omnipotence is not human An earthly parent would not allow suf fering to a wayward child We can look upqn life only as we see It here Wohavc no higher authority than what we behold In everyday life When I lie down for my eight hours rest of a night It is indiffer ent with me whether it is eight hours or an eternal sleep Onethird of our life Is spent in sleep which is only a harbinger or precursor of eternal rest Nothing so repellant or doleful as we have no regrets of our time of rest Much more desirable than a haven of bliss which cannot be bliss without the mutual society of loving friends a part of whom may not bo acceptable in such a haven Llfels but a dream which vanishes when we lay It down What we dont know we have no right to believe and wo know but little Wo know much more In this ago than any portion of the world know years ago or even 2000 years agoNow I am 92 years old and according to the course of nature cannot hope to remain with my friends very much longer I have no hope for the future of this life nor of a life beyond No forebodings I am perfectly resigned I have played my part and give way for posterity What can we gain by complaining of the Inevi table No prayers were ever answered no wish or desire ever granted The heathen worship wood stone fire sun etc all of which Is quite as sensible as worshipping an unknown being a being of the Imagina tion who has never made himself known to human beings a being without parts neither mortal nor Immortal a being who has never made himself known to man in an intelligent or comprehensive form f 4 r li Mw i tl BLUE GRASS5BLADB 3 I Is Mars Inhabited An Array of Colaborated Facts and Figures on an Interesting SubjectFrom an Address Before the Pierce High school By Charles O Hays This question has been debated since the earliest time when Mars was recognized a a planet and even at this day and among the most advanced scientists opinions are diametrically opposed- In this paper I propose to discuss the subject from a standpoint entirely different from any hitherto advanced to consider it in the light of facts well known to every astronomer but which have been overlooked by all I propose to show by reasoning that shall withstand every criticism and every scien tific test that in all probability Mars is Intelligenceages tion and perhaps the greatest height of intelligence attained by a dominant race may belong to the past that It may still furnish pleasure and pain for many differ ent kinds of creatures that it Is not a dead and frozen world as many suppose but that on the contrary it is therefore f even better prepared to support life if temperature alone be considered than is old Mother Earth and further I propose to show that these two earth and Mars are the only planets In our system whereon life of any kind can possibly exist To this end let us enumerate a few well known facts Mars Is about fifty millions of miles farther from the sun than is the Earth It Is a much smaller planet being but little more than half the diameter of the earth and about one ninth of its mass Its density is less and the gravity at its surface is but two fifths Of these the last named is the most important and the most far reaching in its Influence and ef fects but It is also the one which has re ceived the smallest measure of considera tion in fact has been almost entirely over looked or ignored and It is therefore upon this feature this difference in surface gravitation that I shall chiefly base my suppositionsA of gravity certainly means many things besides a mere difference in weight of a given object though this is of great Importance A hundred pounds of mat ter on the earth woula weigh but thirtynine pounds on the surface of Mars This Is about two fifths A man a hundred and fifty pounds if transported to Mars would weigh but sixty pounds and the athlete f ii tU i j who can lift his body four feet by a mere jump could on our neighboring planet lift himself ten feet with the same expendi ture of strength But there are other ways on which the effect of this difference in gravity will be still more marked Among these are the boiling and freezing points of a pressure of fifty atmos pheres water boils at 510 degrees Fahr If we reduce this by the removal of one atmosphere we shall observe a slight fall in the temperature of the boiling point Remove another atmosphere and the de cline Is slightly greater Let us continue this until we have the equivalent of two atmospheres For each atmosphere re moved the decline of boiling temperature Is a little greater than for the one immediately preceding The temperature Is now 234 Fahr By removing another atmosphere which reduces the pressure to that of the open air at sea level the boiling point is lowered to 212 F or a fall of twentytwo degrees for one atmosphere removed If now by means of the air pump or other de vice we exhaust the remaining air we shall find the water boiling at ordinary summer heat and if we could produce an absolute vacuum the boiling point would probably be about 70 P or a decline of a hundred and forty degrees for one atmosphere re moved Thus we observe that as pressure Is removed the temperature of the boiling point steadily declines not so far as known in strict obedience to any mathematical law but steadily downward with ever Increasing now reached the limit of possi bility In our experiment Wo can go no further but Nature is not so handicapped The cubic foot of water which weighs sixty two and a half pounds If transported to Mars would weigh but twentyfive pounds Hero Is a reduction which we cannot dupli cate and therefore can not state definitely how much the temperature of the boiling point is depressed thereby It Is not of course equal to another atmosphere If it were we should expect a corresponding fall in boiling temperature of three hundred to four hundred degrees but in order to be conservative let us allow one hundred grees This would bring the Martin boll ing point in vacuum to about thirty below zero Fahr but as a certain atmospheric pressure must exist on Mars we may safely assume that In open air water bolls at from 90 to 100 degrees Fabr Where then Is the freezing point At 32 Most assuredly not Let us try another experiment- If water be placed In a thin metallic tube as an ordinary tin water pipe set In i jfR4 YAlmi Y a vertical position in the cold air and in a manner such that all parts shall be equally exposed we shall find that the water in the lower end will freeze more readily than that In the upper It would appear at first glance that this is due to the presence of a colder stratum of air surrounding the lower end which would naturally cause more rapid freezing but it Is questionable whether any thermometer could detect a difference of temperaturo between two points thus separated by a distance of ten or fifteen feet unless the lower end be very noar to the earth which it should not be But we shall be told that the water It self circulates the warmer portions rising to the top and the colder settling to the bottom but here again we are in error Water attains Its greatest density at about thirtynine degrees Fahr After falling be low this temperature the rule is reversed the warmer settling to the bottom while the colder rises to the top nevertheless the lower portions freeze first from which we must conclude that the pressure which retards boiling facilitates freezing and con versely the lack ol pressure facilitates boiling and retards freezing But the change which pressure may produce in the freezing point is probably less rapid than that of the boiling point hence there can scarcely be a difference of a hundred and eighty degrees between these two points on the surface of Mars but we may safely assume that there is a difference of a hundred or more This would place the freezing point at Zero or perhaps twenty degrees lower It is of course impossible to verify either of these estimates but one fact has been demonstrated and is certain This is that gravity at the surface of Mars Is but twofifths that of Earth and from this fact several other facts equally certain may be deduced These are Only twofifths the amount of energy will be required to carry on all natural operations only twofifths of the heat necessary to change solid matter into liquid or liquid into gas only twofifths as much heat required to melt Ice or to boll water only twofifths as much heat required to de velop vegetable or animal protoplasm This is a fact which seems to have escaped the consideration or even the notice of as tronomers or other scientists Even Ed ward Irving author of How to Know the Starry Heavens and ono of the most j careful thinkers and astute reasoners the writer has ever known falls Into thatIsame error e that of supposing protoplasm can be active only a certain range of temperature regardless of J gravity Only twofifths as much energy will be required for the evolution of or ganic life only twofifths as much to grow Concluded Next Week f1JL r y 11 TelW- J 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE Scratch A Christian Find A Burglar Under the Cloak of Piety a Professing Christian Played Many Parts But Finally Got Caught By John F Clarke A call I have to preach a God to glorify An everliving soul to knave and hit him on the fly Here Is my text PEACE JUSTICE A BURGLAR Arrested For Breaking Into A ber of Places Waterbury Conn April 7Poslng as eminently respectable prominent in church and grange work and act ing for years as a justice of the peace and the towns most reverend grand juror Kerrlll Kimberly of Goshen has fallen from grace with a shock that disturbed Litchfield county for miles around fwas ever thus since my earliestinf- ancy have I seen the Godly cause dis may I never trained a deqr gazelleoh hush Lordy Didnt he fool the suckers Put on the regalia of God to play hell In And he played it A good man gone wrong or a bad man gone right These trans actions are becoming monotomous It a bad wind that blows no goodand a good one that blows no ill Just listen posing as eminently respectable prominent In church and grange work and acting for years as a justice of peace and the towns most reverend grand juror etc He fooled the Godlyyea even God himself fooled he Him with a big foolishness He fooled the angels on the holy roost Ho honored the Cherubims smile to fool the Seraphim with and got away with the goods He bunkoed the saints with a large bunko He carried all the earmarks of Sanctificationa just man made perfect Hd was of Christ Christly There were no heretical flies on him Ho was sound upon doctrinal points A citizen fitted out and equipped for Heaven but not worth hellroom He can pass St Peters civil service examination on religious polity with 100 per cent but his hypocrisy was strong enough to vIe with Llmberger Jesus Christ will forgive him 489 more times but what doth that avail him in his present need He will be deposed from grace with a grand deposement The holy flag will fly at halfmast on St Peters minaret and Jesus will have his measure z AI t t L rN0 liT 1 taken for a new raiment of sackcloth with ash decorations and buckets will be set to catch the tears that fall from the angels eyes There will be great weep ment at the holy mans fall My sympathy goes out to the poor mans parson he who backed his late holiness He who carried me defaulters image in his minds eye as the Godliest man in the townperhaps the county He fell so hard thatthe unbaptlzed were startled and made take notice This kind of a thing tends to break faith After showing for years how good a man God could make now it will be up to the Christians to show that he was born and reared an infidel That Voltaire and Tom Paine got In their work on him in his mothers womb and that Satan put his X mark on him at birth His sanctity was hallowed by exaggeration and his damnation will be exaggerated to the other extreme He falls from the Dome of Heaven to the Bottomless Pit of Hell His sin found him out He was holy as long as he did not get caught The sin of being found out is the unpardon able There is no such thing as a ruined woman it Is a mere figment of the mind until somebody tells and then the fig ment is crystaltzed into adamantine fact By the burglars fruits shall he be known As a Christian his fruit was the best In the Temple Market God smote a smile In his countenance As a virgin Christian his lamp was kept filled with Oil of the john D brand and Its wick was trimmed and the kerosenic glare shone abroad about above beyond by during etc clear through all prepositions and propositions His name too Kerrlll Kim berly of Goshen Land of Goshen A beautiful alliterative name and a Blbllqal abode of nativity Why the man could not help becoming a saint with such a name and birth environment What will the Grand Jury of Norwich do The most revprend grand Juror This sounds similar to The Right Royal Ringer of the Rinky Ranky Burglary loves a saintly mark as death does a shin Ing one Hark The Herald Angels Sing Glory to This New Found Thing In St Louis a jury acquitted a citizen who killed a burglar and then bought him a gold medal This is a pleasing reversal of the rule for the burglar to kill the cit izen and then buy up the jury BJ t tlU1L1I THE SCHOOL ENDORSED Article In Peoples Press by Mrs Bllven Commending the School to all Freethinkers For some time past the Peoples Press of Chicago edited by J B Lenau a rad ical thinker and a fearless advocate of Materialism has been the official organ and is now of the Materialist Association This Is a splendid combination and It ought to be productive of mutual benefits Since the announcement of the Correspondence School there has been considerable correspondence between the Blade and Mrs Bliven Secretary of the Association touch Ing the method or plan of instruction and as a last resort Mrs Bliven fully un derstanding and appreciating the scope of the work has endorsed the School and all that it implies In the Peoples Press of Issue April Mrs Bliven had the follow ing to say John R Charlesworth Is first rate We must accept his proposal and cooperate with the Blue Grass Blade cordially Each help tho other and both can bo greatly benefitted Ho proposes that we e The Peoples Press make Materialists and band them into societies and tho Blue Grass Blade prepare the lecturers to supply those so cieties I think ho is capable of doing that Our members will work much harder to convert all around them if they see that lecturers will come when they enough Our Peoples Press costs less hasIthe greatest number of subscribers is the best to distribute for making Materialists and seeping our members active We must recommend all who can afford it to take both papers and find bright young people to take the Correspondence Course and we will make The Peoples Press so full of our doings and best arguments that every free thinker will take It ELIZA MOWRY BLIVEN First Secretary Materialist Association Box Brooklyn Conn ine foregoing letter expresses the sit uation fully and understandingly That Is just the spirit of comradeship that should be encouraged if we want success If Mrs Bliven and the P P can succeed in organizing local branches of their As sociation or we can truthfully say OUR As sociation the Blade through tho medium of its school will soon be able to furnish the teachers and lecturers necessary to keep those branches alive and active We urge upon the friends of the Blade nay but upon all Freethinkers that they weigh carefully tho injunction of Mrs Bliven to find bright young people to take tho Correspondence Course Isolated as we are It is impossible for us to know in what direction to move for the purpose i RJ ii g4 i f rj w5tWy7 i r chtr 1 I 11 1 BLUE GRASS BLADtn r 5 ot finding students without your help And by the way It would not be a bad Idea for you to send your name and address to Mrs Bliven for membership in the Association PRACTICAL WORK OF THOMAS PAINE Synopsis of an Address Delivered Before r the Paine Memorial Association By J C Hannon Practice Is the better part of every pre cept and no individual is qualified to preach what he Is unwilling to practice Paines work may be divided under three heads Religious Philosophical and Humanitarian Ills religious work Is seen in the Liberaliz ing of dogmatic Christianity as expressed by the Higher Criticism of our time making deeds a substitute for creeds tomizing his well expressed sentiment THE WORLD IS MY COUNTRYTO DO GOOD IS MY RELIGION As a philosopher he shares with Robert Fulton and John Fitch the honor of first utilizing steam for the purposes of naviga tlou while constructing the first Iron bridge In existence As a Humanitarian his first introduction was an article against slavery written In 1775 and embodied In the first draft the Declaration of Independence 1which was stricken out as a concession to the Southern Delegates Ine Religion of Thomas Paine says Mon I cu oD Conway was practical not theoreti Ical human being has been born In any civilized country within the last cen tury without some moral tincture of that noble soul whose every pulsebeat was for humanity When old ago had laid Its palsied hand on that Philosophic mind and Death had stilled the beating of that tired heart I the thread of his genius was not broken but lived and fructified in the lives of such eminent minds as Theodore Parker Abra ham Lincoln Ralph Waldo Emerson Walt Whitman William Lloyd Garrison and Rob ert G Ingersoll- In the field of practical phllanthrophy wardI which his heart yearned yet from whose precinct the cruel mandates of pov erty excluded him was by tho Inscrutable fortuity of subsequent events realized by the services of two of his eminent disciples Stephen Girard and James Lick The Lick Observatory In California and the Paine Memorial Building In Boston are the testi monials Of the Observatory It may be said with fidelity to truth that whatever Astronomicaldiadem of James Lick whose generous en dowment facilitates tho enterprise while Girard College In Philadelphia emphasises f r the second This college contains 1600 boys who are clothed fed and educated in the highest principles of morality mechanical skill and commercial integrity free from the clash ing doctrines of decaying creeds ahdfltted according to their natural abilities for the highest duties In life That this college is the direct outcome of the moral philoso phy of the Age of Reason was shown by Daniel Webster the great constitutional lawyer who was employed by the unco guid to break the will some 50 years ago In the midst of an oration teeming with vindictive denunciation of Girards irreligious opinions Webster drew a small pamphlet from his desk from which he read the following extract Lotus devise means to establish schools of instruction free from the clashing doctrines of secta rian controversies let us endeavor to propa gate morality Instead of religion Pausing here Webster surveyed his attentive lis teners noting the effect on the Court Mr Blnney the opposing Counsel rising to a question of privilege asked Where did you get such information and what is the purpose of its quotation here Daniel Webster realizing that the moment of his triumph had come raised himself to his full stature and pointing significantly to thA pamphlet ho still held in his hand ex claimed I got It Sir from tho same source that Mr Girard got the provisions of his will and I repeat it not only for the Information of the Court but I hope also for the edification of my worthy opponent- I got It Sir from Thomas Paines Age of Reason Websters ostensible purpose was to break the will of Stephen Glrard by playing on the religious prejudice of the Court but he not only defeated his own purpose but added a halo of glory to the genius of Thomas Paine and we see that Girard College was the direct outcome of the moral philosophy of the Age of Reason- I am aware that this Is ancient history but lest we forget Ilij DAVES LETTER TO HIS DEAR HEAV ENLY FATHER Infantile Thoughts Upon Biblical Oddl ties and Absurdities Copyrighted 1908 By Franklin H Heald My dear heavenly father Did you really think the world was fiat when you made It of nothing and was John lying when he said he saw an angel at each comer hold ing It 9Pf I am wondering If heaven is the shape he said It was or If he lied about that too If it is as big as he said I cant see how they could get light in every room from tho sun Papa thinks they use gas mostly but r says It might be Jackolantern light same as the star that was over the stable that Jesus was horned In He thinks the air may not be very good In the vicinity but maybe he is too particular about odors Is It well ventilated Papa says most all darkles go there Is that so Do all Jews go there Do you know Geo T An gell who prints the Dum Animal Maga zine In Boston f He says dogs and mules have souls and go to heaven Do they Is Balaams ass there and can he talk as well as he used to and does he have wings like the pictures of the horses that the an gels rode in the heavenly war which is In our bible Will Geo T be an angel there too I would like to see Gollah and Sampson but I dont care much about see ing David Does he ever dance before you and the wlmmln naked any more Were Sauls wives that you gave him his step mothers f Papa says I was named for Davy Crock ett so I dont need to bo ashamed of my self on King Davids account Does he still wear his epod when there is company When I die would you care If I look In be fore I go In to stay I am afraid I would not like the crowd if Durant and Orchard and all the people that are hung are there with such people as the old preachers and priests that I know and Talmage and Bob Burdette Is there really 99 times as much rejoicing in heaven when a murderer like Orchard or Chicken thief like our Joe dies and goes there as there Is when a just man like my papa dies who needeth no repentence We know It Is not Joes fault that he steals chickens He cant any more help It than he can help smell ing the way he does and neither can we Will you be here next week when the fleet comes to represent Roosevelt Could you make the sun and moon stand still now while Roosevelt shot people In the back if you wanted to You might drop a letter In our mall box for me while you are ever DAVE Liberal papers are at liberty to copy or quote Mr Heald only reserves theAright to print Daves letters in book form Another One InterestedlFORT MOULTRIE S CPlease send a sample copy of your paper and a full de scription of your system of teaching Free t thought by mall I have just seen men Honed in the Humanitarian Review that you are teaching Freethought by mall and as I am a freethinker I would like to know something about your system and also have a copy of your papermay subscribe fr- itG M COLLIER r Ip f g fi it 1 1h l BLUE GRASS BLADE t ti iCurrent Comment on Public Events fw V BIBLE PROOF There Is something pathetic In the fran tic efforts of the hired professors of the orthodox Christian faith to prop up the resurrection myth by appeals to the Bible They seem to forget that their very author ity needs propping and as Thomas Paine very aptly wrote a century ago that before you can successfully prove the truth of any proposition from the Bible the Bible Itself must first be proven true Otherwise how can the Bible prove anything The best educated and Intelligent minds know that the Bible is not true and they decline to accept It as an authority upon any subject During the recent Easter services Rev Edwin Muller pastor of the First Presby terian Church of Lexington delivered a special sermon on the subject of the resurrection The sermon was preucLi for the especial benefit of the Kr hts Templar a branch of thQ Masonic fra ternity We did not hear It and the present discussion is based upon the news paper report The report does not pre tend to quote him verbatim but its presentation of the sermon said In part Rev Edwin Muller the pastor preached a special Easter sermon to the knights taking for his theme the Bible proof of the resurrection and in a most beautifully worded and comprehensive way brought out the undisputable fact that there was no possible cause for doubt even In the minds of the most pronounced skeptics of the resurrection of the Savior For the sake of the reverend gentlemans professional standing wo hope he did not use such looso and reckless statements Of all the Lexington preachers Dr Muller ranks up with the best as a man of schol ary attainments There is nothing of the blatant demagogue about him He never resorts to vulgarisms or seeks notoriety through sensational extravagances He is a well disposed modest little fellow who wears well on acquaintance but if he really Intends to stand sponsor for what is above quoted he falls considerably in our estimation It may be true that his sermon was beautifully worded and there may have been flashes of eloquence and touches of pathos But neither beautiful words or burning eloquence or rhetor ical pathos can make falsehood become truth or prove that which was not Butwhat oftthe Bible proof of the resurrection There is no bible proof i i Lk All the proof that can be offered by the bible is contained In the gospels and each give a different account no twu being alike It is a well known fact that the gospels were not written by eyewitnesses Then the gospels do not present an Indisputable fact for the doctrine of the resur rection as taught therein was strenuously disputed at the very time it is said to have taken place and it has been a subject of dispute through all the intervening ages down to the present On the other hand there Is considerable room for doubt not alone in the minds of pronounced skeptics but many halfway Christians are in serious doubt concerning the truth of the story Had the resurrection been a fact In history had it in truth took a place as thq gospels state secular history would have made a record of it for the sight of a full grown man in the flesh defying the laws of nature and restored to life after being dead for a little more than two days would have compelled attention of every historian of that period The bible does not prove it History ignores it and practical common sense absolutely denies It INFIDELITY AND EDUCATION In this age of growth and transition education is recognized as the essential correlative of Infidelity True indeed doubt which leads to infidelity may and dolls exist without education but the latter places unbelief in religious dogmas upon a solid foundation Wherever there exists a high order of education there may also be found a large element of infidelity and the church is only Just beginning to realize that fact Compelled by the sheer force of necessity to advocate educational meas ures and institutions the church is now being hoist on its own petard It has built high for a hard fall and the tnd is not far of our most valued friends has mailed us a clipping from the Chicago Tribune which announces a rather sensa tional episode in the educational circles of Iowa Charges have been made by the Ministerial Association at Dea Moines that the State University at Iowa City is a hotbed of infidelity and the grave and reverend gentlemen proceeded it is reported to score the institution unmerci fully insisting that only Christians should be employed upon its faculty j f I1L w iL lbilr JiDI I tir From this we are led to infer that some members of the faculty are not Christians within the meaning of these servants of the Lord and the State of Iowa is deserv ing of a high compliment that such Is the case Education when tainted and cor rupted by an orthodox Interpretation and demonstration is practically valueless In fact It is not education It may be training but education it cannot be To train young men and women to believe religious myths as facts is not educating them Animals may be and they are trained to perform certain tricks but they are not educated In the full sense of the term Education In itself is uonpartizan It IsIor should be impartial It does not to Christianity or to any other religious system Once a start is made and only facts are taught the mind is led from re ligious channels for the pupil soon per ceives that education and religion are not J in harmony and are decidedly out of Joint But the State University of Iowa is not the only Institution of its kind In America that is tending towards Infidelity Other and greater institutions of like character have been similarly denounced at different times Harvard Yale Princeton Cornell and others are rapidly turning out Infidels Even the old Kentucky University of Lex ington now known as Transylvania Uni versity Js doing precisely the same thing Although a Campbelllte institution a sort of factory for the manufacture of preachers for that particular denomination it has turned out some noted Infidels and is yet doing so From her class rooms have graduated such men as James Lane Allen author of the Reign of Law Charles Chilton Moore the founder and for a generation the editor of the Blade and others Living In Lexington today arc young men who graduating from this school are now regular readers and patrons of the Blade The attempt to put the mind In a straight Jacket induced a revolt and the entire ligious sentiment was overthrown Let the people of Iowa keep to their ap pointed course and ignore the vaporings of a horde of hungry preachers who have happened to spy the handwriting on the wall SIGNS OF THE TIMES In a very recent publication Marie Cor elll the novelist declared that the great relglous and social movement of the day is the spread of atheism and this writer Is not alone In her Judgment Rev Freder ick Els of Marquette Mich a Roman Catholic Bishop has been quoted as say Ing There is now being reared in this country a generation which will know n- LI rl w i t l i1 J BLUE GRASS BLADE god and from Texas a friend of the Blade writes that the plan now adopted by the preachers Is to Immediately burn all lit erature that Is antagonistic to the church and Its teachings In other directions the rapid and continual growth of Humanitarian ideas are noted and commented upon and from such declarations as the fore going the Freethinkers may find encourage ment for greater efforts In the spread of liberal Ideas Very naturally the church can see a grave danger and while they ascribe this danger as threatening the tion they are in reality more concerned themselves The church is not the 1nation nor will the nation ever become the church Tho only antidote offered for un belief as It is termed Is religion but as the very unbelief of which complaint Is made is against religion the antidote Is J altogether without virtue The constant pressure of Intellectual thought is contrary to the interests of the orthodox faith and It is worse than useless to offer the tenets of that faith as an antidote for the con stantly growing Infidelity of the age Not only In America but in the most enlight ened countries of Europe has the Christian deity been dethroned and Reason that superb monarch of the mind now wears the purple The church may look to legislation but it will be impotent In the coming years From all such attempts there will come a reaction and the rebound will be felt by the church to its detriment Not even the shooing of Marie Corelll can stop Its onward march and while a timid girl may frighten away a large whale by simply saying shoo according to Corellls notions the whale of Infidelity will swamp the Christian ship and leave its passengers floundering in the deep waters of super stition and all the lifeboats gone The Catholic bishop of Northern Michigan was right when he said the growing generations would know no god and especially is this true of the blblo god the god of Abraham Isaac and Jacob Every newly discovered truth every newly demonstrated fact every now thought uttered all combine against god and Christianity and from these sources will Infidelity become stronger un til it has displaced orthodoxy in tho land WHO IS MISTAKEN It is not enough to bo honest It is not enough to be fair in your dealings with your fellowmen It Is not enough to min ister to charity and assist the helpless and distressed These are not the principal tenets of the orthodox religion They have nothing to do with religion A man or woman may do all of these things and yet be irretrievably lost doomed to everlasting torment If they have not faith in Christ t jrJy t f J ii So says Rev H C Attwater of the St raters Episcopal Church in Detroit There can be little doubt hut what the Reverend gentleman Is at water or at sea upon the question of morality If he really believes what he preaches It may be according to gospel but It is not humane A god who cares so little for humanitarian principles is unworthy of consideration much less worship A god who could liberately consign to hell such a person is a monster of the vilest degree and should be made a target for both scorn and con tempt Listen to what ho says There is a disposition on the part of many men in business to think that mor ality is enough without religion They ape pear to think that If they fulfill the require ments of business If they are honest In their dealings do not defraud and minister to charity here and there they are not far from the kingdom of God but they are that morality Is spoken of as being something apart from religion It is not made a part of religion It Is discon nected therefrom Then what becomes of the claim made by other persons that re ligion is morality and that morality Is Inseperable from religion This is what Freethinkers have claimed for years and so far as we are aware this is the first time we have known or an orthodox preacher confirming the Freethought position on this very question We have no doubt that this preacher would prefer to have the peo ple believe that religion is superior to mor ality but for all the practical affairs of this life we will bank our stake upon the man who practices the morality complained of and will ever remain suspicious of the fellow who pretends to religious scruples alone No stronger argument was ever offered than that orthodoxy is not humani tarian and the vast superiority of Free thougnt over and above all religious claims is thus amply demonstrated TOUGH FOR PARSONS The Lord must entertain an unusual gree of love for his special agents in America if It be true that a chastening process is proof of his love From Clar ence Mo comes the information that L J King an evangelist by his rabid remarks so inflamed the community that ho was mobbed and beaten and his meetings there after had to be conducted by the aid of an armed guard These guards carried their guns and pistols openly Into the church and under this fearful menace the gospel of love was pumped into the audi ence The reports state that an outbreak Is feared and no one appears capable of making a prediction of the outcome Cin cinnati reports state that during the re I1I cent Lenten services thieves took advan tage of church congregations and picked the pockets of the penitents while they were actually Kneeling in prayer and a number of such thefts have been reported At Christ Church a number of boys It is said broke Into the basement while the congregation were worshipping god and stole a quantity of pocketbooks containing varied sums of money At Woodbury N J Rev George W Thompson pastor of the First Presbyterian church committed cide on the approach of his wedding day after an Interview with another woman in a room at a hotel who had threatened to stop the wedding because of his lIasonsrwith her BLASPHEMY t I deny the possibility of blasphemywhere- there is no belief A man may blaspheme that which he accounts worthy of reverence because In speaking evil of It he violates his own convictions and holiest feelings But if for me there Is no God how can I blaspheme him Speaking contemptuously of him I but contemn nothing If the writer he was answer ing were accused of blasphemy for viling Jupiter and Venus Brahma and Vishnu Baal and Moloch the Goddess of Reason and Mumbo Jumbo he would re ply I cannot blaspheme false gods mean Ing simple gods in whom he has no faith Just so I say that I cannot blaspheme the trinityinunlty of the Christian which to me Is nonexistent absurd impossible James Thomson BV IF BUT KNEW Your time will come they tell me But what Id like to know Is where that time will come from And where its going to If I had but this knowledge How happy I would be For then Id run and meet It And keep It company- PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED Freethinker London Eng Humanitarian Review Los Angeles Cal Peoples Press Qhlcago Ingersoll Mem Beacon Chicago Ill Truthseeker New York City Weekly People New York City Osteopath Brief St Louis Mo WageSlave Hancock Mich Literary Digest Now York City Our Dumb Animals Boston Mass True Word Bryn Mawr Wash Unlversallst Herald Macon Ga Journal Holcombe Wise i 1 flfi s BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chllton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher 1268 N Limestone St Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 160 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remit tance 110 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column insertion cents one month or four insertions 100 six months 500 one year 800 Quarter column single one insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Halt column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates application The publishers have the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the of the term for which the subscription has been paid up in advance The slip on the will show subscribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal in case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this office giving both old THE ngFlIbdl publication r 1 the Blade is at 126128 North Limestone g Kentucky to which all Freethinkers be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is entered at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mail ing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky f n y4 rv i66rv i60 i iivC 44r6 ir4 4 Editorial MORE ABOUT THE SCHOOL Every passing day almost every hour brings some new truth to our mind in a way that convinces us that we have adopted the proper course for the propaganda of liberal and materialistic thought through the medium of the Correspondence School Since first proposing the school we have been favored with many enthu siastic comments and with but one ex ception all approve of the school The majority urge us not to wait for the one hundred pupils but this isa mat ter of pure business and can only be determined by the extent of outside contributions Even one hundred pu pils alone would not pay the cost of printing the lessons and examination papers oho voluminous correspondence the postage and stationery to be used In addition to this the School needs an internal equipment or office arrangement whereby we can arrange all data papers etc in regular order This however is a matter of business detail and the opening of the School will now depend upon the amount of money obtained for that purpose Regarding the commendation of the School we need but furnish a few ex amples The opinions of S F Benson and Mrs Harriet Closs have been expressed and published in the Blade columns already In addition to these we have receive the following- I have incientally mentioned your mail lesson scheme I shall be interested in watching your progress in this now plan and hope you may make it succeed Singleton Water Davis Editor Humanitarian Review I am very much infatuated with your School of Correspondence my only present objection however being to the use of Sir Robert Balls Astronomy I want to join- Franklin H Heald Editor Higher Science Like the idea of your School but if Liberals do not take more interest in it thun they dp now in our Free thought papers cannot succeed The poorest Catholic hired girl sub scribes more to her church than many welltodo Liberals do to the cause of Freethought Let us keep up the fight until we have myth worship vanquished J B Lenau Editor Peoples Press Will take great pleasure in speaking of the Correspondence School through the body of our Magazine IIopethingswill be bright for you Parker IL Sercombe Editor Tomorrow Magazine If wiscly handled I believe the fu ture prosperity of the Blade is now as sured Your suggestion of a Correspondence School in my judgment is a good one T J Bowles M D March 15th and 22nd Blue Grass Blades convinced me that the Correspondence Course was just about the thing needed if the Guider was really a Materialist so as to drjiw attention to the points in each study that prove Materialism You must put in Physi ology too so as to compare man with animals dependence on food drink air and right combinations connection of t brain and thought No life no thought after death no soul etc Eliza Mowry Bliven Sec y Materialist Association 4 The foregoing opinions by such prominent leaders in the Liberal thought of America are valuable Not lk the Blade and its School alone but to the bulk of our young men and women as furnishing reasons to them why they should if possible take part in the studies here afforded and work for a further mental elaboration Re member that the truth which another man has won from nature and life is not our truth until we know it and live it Oulyl that becomes real or helpful to any man or Woman which has cost either the sweat of brow or the effort of the brain He or she who would be wise must earn their wisdom Mten arcl tattooed with their special beliefs and religious dogmas like so many barbarians but a real human heart shorn of orthodox influeuTJSs r beats with the same glow under all the patterns of earths thousand tribes In this issue of the Blade will be found A letter from a fifteen year old lad We desire our readers to peruse that letter Observe the trend of thought Make a mental note of what you see And yet with it all none of our readers can be put in the same position in regard to that boy as the editor of the Blade Why Simply because we have been able to perceive the undeveloped mentality of the boy through the medium of his letter In other words here is found a brain of strength of force and character coupled with a willpower to do The letter in question will indicate what this boy could do provided he had the opportunity A three year course of study in the Correspondence School will widen his mental horizon extend his knowledge of things and by the time ho reaches eighteen years he is ready to take the field or the forum and battle against the superstitions and myths of orthodoxy No better illustration could be found on this con tinent than the case now under consideration It is just such as these for whom the School is being launched The expenditure of 65 or 70 within a period of three years will furnish him with an education that could not be acquired under ten times that sum by attending college and when his full course is at an end he is in possession of a splendid library all his own to enable him to continue his studies be yond where the School had to leave him 7f r4 c I r tJ o f c y 71 BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 9 Need we say wore What further importanceCorrespondence Schools for business and commercial purposes have succeed ed admirably and why should not a similar institution for the propagation of liberal thought and to furnish a Liberal education also succeed It can succeed and it will succeed or the Blade whyOrthodoxy universe with godly and ghostly mysteries The School is to present to its pupils the universe in all its aspects just as it is just as we see and know it based upon experience and investigation The Peoples Press published by J B Lenau of Chicago in a recent issue said When wo have divested Nature of the mysteries with which ignorant men have invested it iii the past we will then be on the unobstructed road to intellectual progress That is the case in a nutshell The School is designed to divest the uni verse of those mysteries It is de signed to remove all existing obstruct ions on the road of intellectual progress It is designed to make that progress more sure more certain and wore speedily It is a safe presump tion that not one of the students in this School will ever believe in gods ghosts goblins dells devils or the like Furthermore they will be mental ly equipped to resist allsuch obstructions on the road to intellectual progress and this constitutes the great glory that must emanate from the who knows to what end such an institution may ultimately develop Who can forsee all the possibilities that underly it From it may evolve 1greater opportunities than we can now detect By earnest cooperation suc cess will crown our present efforts Mrs Bliven writes that in her judg ment we have set the requisite number of pupils at 100 as being too high a number and she further suggests that if we can secure only ten to START THE SCHOOL The motive behind such a sentiment is good But the principal trouble would be in the matter of expense for the TEN would re quire just the same labor and the same expense in the matter of printing the lessons and examinations as the 100 and the only saving would be in post ago and intermediate correspondence Wo would start the school with ten if we can get enough outside help to share the expense with us As a matter of fact if TEN be all that is necessary and sufficient money is forth V P coming from outside sources to help the SCHOOL could be STARTED NOW for w have ELEVEN students already enrolled Now what say you friends the movement is yours It is in your hands We want FOURTEENmore pupils and the School will open If you cannot join the School how much can you give towards getting it started Let lis hear from you FOOLED OR BEING FOOLED According to an old Irish adage there was unmistakably good luck in odd numbers but the paid professors of orthodoxy to detect strength in any sort of numbers so long as there be a goodly muster roll It is the boast of every denomination that it enjoys a large number of members and can own alarge number of church buildings Wo must not be unmindful however of the fact that in matters of mere belief numbers have no weight Especially is this true in religious affairs Thousands have believed changed their beliefs believed again and many give it up forever But this is not the issue we now de siro to discuss It is merely used as a prelude a basis as it were for further argument There now appears to be a concerted plan upon the part of Chris tian advocates in America to encourage the people into believing that India is about to embrace Christianity rind then follows the suggestion that a little more money and a few men put into the field the of Christianity over the multifarious forum of religions and creeds now existing in India will be complete During the past few days two arti cles on this subject have appeared in print almost simultaneously and from different writers Both make tho same preposterous claims One came from the pen of Rev Charles F Thwing now at Bombay whose letter appeared in the New York Evening Post the other comes from Bishop J W Tho burn who has just returned after a long service in the land of Islam The latter in an address recently delivered at Chicago and published in the press of that city says There seems to be a widespread breaking away from the worships of the East and a general turning towards the teachings of Christianity Not content with this ho further as serted that in China the followers of Confucius hadC almost ceased to op pose the crusade for Christianity M5 1theas to tenets Mohammedanism andwell suffi cient unto the day is the evil thereof Scarcely an iota of truth is to be found in any of the foregoing stateiments The attitude of Japan the Christian religion is too well known J for such fillibustering in these days China is further from the Christian faith today than she was fifty years ago and the missionaries sent there are responsible for the present revulsion of feeling Although much labor and money have been spent in these countries in an effort to win their peo Jbeenits results has been sub Jitsing it impotency a clearer knowledge of these people would admit that they are as firmly opposed to Christianity today as they were a century ago AS for India but little need be said The horrors and outrages to which these teeming millions have been sub jected by the British government since 1850 and in the name of Christ has produced in their minds and hearts such a repugnant feeling for the relig ion of the Nazarene Carpenter that to lay the great majority of the people of India look upon Christianity with the utmost contempt and regard the missionaries withsuspicion Why should the Orient turn to Christ and him crucified abandoning their own creed by such an act Is not their present subjugation due to the brutality of Christian nations Are not some Christians even crying for war between America and Japan in order to humble the latter and depress thefpeople by defeat because of their re centi triumph over another socalled Christian country Have not these Oriential people a purer and a better system of morals than those taught and ipracticed by Christian nations Do such monstrous crimes abound in the Orient as in the Occident What need ttianityheld to the religious beliefs of its founders instead of permitting zealous fanatics to rIm things and direct leg islation fC r 1c b iiiti lt IIkWOMA4 7 t fii f10 BLUEGRASS BLADE THE WORKS OF VOLTAIRE The Blade is pleased Io specially direct the attention of its readers to the advertisement appearing in this is sue of the complete works of Voltaire published and offered for sale by the St Hubert Guild of Akron Ohio From a personal examination of this edition we are able to pronounce it to be the very best collection of Vol taires works extant It is complete and the 43 volumes constitute an en tire Freethought library in itself The terms of sale are so reasonable and easy that these splendid books are brought within easy reach of all In a recent issue of tha Blade we printed a picture and biography of Voltaire but it was so brief owing to our limited space that we were unable to do the subject full justice Let it be known that Voltaire was even more than a deadly foe to the organized church for he was an ardent advocate of the political and social rights of the people and assailed with unerring aim the pretensions of monarchy as well as priestcraft Though born of the French aristocracy he did not hesitate to expose their shams and sins In addition to this he was a philosopher and students of Voltaire may see in his famous writings the foundations upon which the present Separatist movement now a fact in the French republic was built It was through Voltaire that the goddess of Liberty was crowned in Paris and the volumes here presented furnish abundant argu ment upon kindred topics that they and a world of information Every Freethinker should be possessed of this edition and we take pleasure in recom mending them to our readers If you should order a set kindly re fer to the Blade when sodoing and you help us thereby THE PASSING OF ANDOVER libw hath the mighty fallen lAnd how great shall be the fall With the end of the present scholar tic term the Andover Theological Seminary once the most famous ofl all the New England Colleges and noted for the influence it exercised in and upon the theological opinions of Amer ica will be no more Decay has set in upon it and lack of interest by the growing generations in matters of the oogy has impaired its usefulness ren dered its existence unnecessary and next September it will abandon its present position and for the sake of mere appearance it will be absorbed by the University of Ilaivartl tt r iL licit harvard absorbs the Seminar she sill be taking over a gold brick Ail the traditions of the past now le buried in seven professors twelve stu dents and 56000 books This is all the portabe pr minrty now Longing o Andover that will be taten to Harvar This is the remnant a L once proill institutnn and its decay its decline has been produced by the rapid clm lIP in public sentiment now hostile to the ological pretensions Institutions that teach subjects of modern importance and in accord with modern ideas and demands finds students galore but the most that Andover has been able to muster after years of prosperity and importance isabout three students for each class upon which an annuity beingfReference is made to this transition as a tragedy And it is a tragedy The principal factor therein is theology It is not a tragedy of blood It is not a violent yet it is an impressive trag edy In the costly buildings held owned and controlled by Andover He buried all its glorious traditions of religious faith never to undergo a resurrection never again to see the light The young men and the young themselves anent theological matters women of our day do not concern nor they do they seek such a form of instruction In rare cases one of liber al mind turns toward it for no other purpose than to study it in comparison with other branches in the expectation of acquiring facts for refutation and argument Traditional theology offers but little attraction in itself to the rise ing generation Secular competition has become too keen and in the struggle for existence the useless the non essential has met with defeat These are the contributory causes to the pass ing of Andover As time proceeds the competition will become more intense the dissatisfaction with such instruc tion will become more universal and theology as a separate branch of in struction must ultimately pass away This is a distinct triumph for ration alism It is an educational victory The battle has been a long one The struggle has been intense yet carried on without the blazonry of trumpets The transition came by gradual changes but in the end it is a distinct triumph for liberal and rationalistic thought There is something pathetic inl the decay of such an institution Public sympathy would have been more universally expressed had the stitution in the first instance stood for something useful something prac J it Lnill tical J Inasmuch it stood only for the traditional aspect ofa cruel religious depotism its passing excites but little conunent no mattter how much its ad vocates and professors regret the cir cumstance THE POWER OF THOUGHT Thinking means an abundance of hard work It also implies consider able leisure There must be leisure time in which to think if thinking is to be done Orthodoxy does not think Its advocates do not think They have much leisure time on their hands but it is spent in worship instead of thought and the only thinking ever done by the professors of orthodoxy has been forced upon them as a means selfdefense Fidelity to their creed excludes honest thought To think out side the confines of their creed would bo an act Ill unfaithfulness A new idea seldom if ever strikes them While defending the old the sacred the past that is dead time clergy cannot becoriu inventive Neither can they become original Like a newly made captive bird beating against the bars of its cage struggling to be free the human mind has evjv brat against til bars oe that prison which orthodoxy has con structed for it In its struggles the mind has bent twisted and broken these bars It has passed beyond them and the priest stands defending but an empty dungeon The inability of the priesthood to think has caused a lack of inventive and scientific genius among them If we go to any church no matter the de nomination or the personality of the preacher so long as it passes under the name of Christian and is so accepted the teaching s precisely the snme1the metlic of teaching only being slightly different All orthodoxy by whatever nan or sect is one and same founded on the same myth bum by the same intolerance and perpetuate by the same degree of ignorance The power of the church is in illiteracy It is the independent thinking of the masses that has impelled a semblance to thinking by the priesthood Self defense forced the issue The priest not only had to defend his church and its creed against the advancing intelli gence but ho likewise had to defend himself Hero and there like an oasis in some dreary desert a few think too much find their candor compels ohem to ally themselves with the intelligent thought of the day 7j J ffF J + ii i jJ Ittt idtIiaA r 77 BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 BIBLE AND BOOZE The jewel of consistency docs not find a setting in the crown of holiness worn by the average Christian Orthodox restraints and limitations its restrictions and inhibitions upon individual conduct are invariably intended for the other fellows but the moment the application is made direct and per sonal there is not only a kick but an evident desire and manifest purpose to break through the boundaries For years the clergy have practically insisted that the people must do as they say and assume a moral blindness toward their own actions Do as I say not as I do is the maxim of the aver age preacher and the majority of Christian worshippers have been apt comment has been made in these columns anent the Christian policy in the new State of Oklahoma towards the liquor question Mention has been made of the number of Chris tian applicants for the office of County and State agencies in the dispensing of the alluring booze Recent developments indicate that in urging the adoption of the new States liquor laws the Christian element intended it only for the other fellow and did not anticipate that it would be enforced upon them The reports show that a number of Christian people in Me Alester have been summoned before the grand jury to testify before that body of inquisitors as to sevelal pur chases of liquor made by them in a manner not in strict compliance with the law It is a noteworthy fact that no Freethinkers are included in the list summoned It appears that in giv ing their orders for the liquor these applicants were required to set down their own signatures in a book and with these telltale autographs the grand jury is said to be sure of getting all the evidence necessary The agent whose name is given as Dreyfus would take individual orders for either beer or whiskey His patrons were the Christian people of the community they who had been in strumental in getting the present liquor laws adopted The reports go on to state since statehood this has dis posed of two hundred casesof whiskey and fifty carloads of beer It is cer tain that the Christian people of Me Alestbr were a thirsty lot or they are possessed of an abnormal fondness for the cup that is said to cheer Large quantities of the liquor have been seized by the police and while making a more extensive search of the premises used the order book was found r Investigation revealed the fact that the names contained in this order book were those of prominent church people and the police have now caused them to be summoned to appear before the grand jury Not only were the indi vidual orders found but the individual receipts thereby showing that the liquor had actually been delivered to them and we are not surprised that the discovery has caused consterna tion in the church circles of Mc AlesterIt ever thus Dell was not built for self It was built for the other fellow Sunday laws are the in ventions of the cranks whose sole aim hoblhieRit and when the reaction comes there will be a terrible awakening and orthodox Christianity will get the worst of the encounter What a hue and a cry would have been raised had the names of infidels been found on that order book Sermons would have followed from orthodox pulpits The religious press would devote columns to the ex ploitation But watch them now The prohibitory liquor laws are essentially Christian and Christians are the most prominent in its violaton 1ENGLISH LECTURER COMING The Blade is pleased to announce that Mr Harry Snell secretary of the Ethical Society London England is contemplating a brief lecture tour of the United States during the early fall of the present year Mr Snell is both a Freethinker anda socialist lie has written and lectured extensively on both subjects He has taken a prom inent part in the struggle for Secular education in the public schools of Eng land and is recognized as a man of unusual ability on the rostrum Be ing favored to the extent of a per sonal acquaintance with Mr Snell the Blade would bespeak hearty welcome for him in America He is also a prospective candidate for parliament and as the indications in British poli ties point toward an early campaign his stay on this side of the Atlantic must necessarily be brief At the best ho can touch but little more than the principal points between Boston New York and Chicago The Blade would be pleased to arrange a few lecture dates for him lEis terms will be reasonable as he simply desires to pay expenses lie will lecture on either Freethought or Socialsist topics Friends desiring lectures may com municate with the Blade in his behalf i at Wom DELAYED BY ACCIDENT The Just previous issue of the Blade mailingby natureThechinery and it has been a hard blow upon our pocket book Just as we had shaftingthatour operations had to cease The re timethoandthesimplyhadbad words and do the very best we could Our readers will we hope ex cuse the delay under such conditions isbornis by nature an Atheist Not until the iutothoobtain Many live and lia an Atheist without actually knowing it or pro j claimn it from the housetops One boy under the hand is worth two in a reformatory Fourteen pupils are now registered with whom to begin the Correspond ence School and as it has received the leadingJireethought there is no reason why it should not have more than one hundred students by opening Marriage and Divorce by Mrs Henry furnishes considerable food for thought upon the subject of domestic t relations and our readers ought to give it a wide circulation It is only 25 cents Orders will be received by the Blade or they may be sent to Mrs Henry direct Address htr at Versailles Kentucky A St Louis jury has recently ac quitted a citizen charged with the mur der of a burglar who had entered his home and bought him a medal for the success he made of the job This is a happy reversal of the rule where the burglar kills the citizen and afterwards buys up the jury Just another thing have you got that subscription blank filled up yet If not why not Think it over in your own mind poop PRFNNKBLUE 77nGRASS BLADE r MOTHERLOVE HOMESITE Twenty Acres Secured in Prosperidad Colony and the Work of Sex Redemption- is Prosecuted With Vigor By Helen H Philbrick 1 wish t notify all friends among the Blade readers who have so generously sponded to tho call of the W I S C and Motherlove Homo Society to help establish a method of home and family protection of kinship ties without the help of the church that I am at last in possession of a title to five acres of the richest land in the world in the finest climate in the world among the finest people in the world and under the finest government in the world I refer to La Prosperidad Colony Association in Lower California When I have completed my title to 20 acres the limit of a voters share and have made some small beginnings in the way of shelter which need be but light down here I shall be in a position to begin the work of educating the young mothers of free born babes how to look at their case from a scientific standpoint and by the means place them absolutely out of danger as well as the Colony of any possibility of being the mothers of illegitimate children those who like tho unwise children of Solomon should not know their own father The young mothers will leave their babes with us Faith and I while they prepare on their own little homesites to plant the vine and fig tree and build tho cottage from which to send to the Colonial Public school the littlo kindergartners after they shall have graduated in the knowledge of god posi tive and negative electricity or force caused incidentallyfis waiting in its rainbow colors for them in the Mother Goose Phonetic Rhymes in our possession and most important of all in the knowledge of the Trinity the three powers in one personal consciousness sense in tel lect and emotion which the church Orthodox teaches jn three men rolled into one man and which the Church of Humanity teaches does not exist at all but which does or do exist and vibrato the various conditions of heaven and hell as you and I reader know them to be in the nervous system or human protoplasama your selves Faith is as eager as her mother to go t tho Colony and begin tho baby home and kindergarten She is but eight years old r but can tell you all very easy that god is only the life force in all things and that the whole secret of dispensing with the grafting middle man is to remove the First Great Causo of all middlemen the supernatural agent of graft known as god which makes the human mother a beast and a slave Faith can also tell the superiority of truth over a ceremony She is also beginning to under J ifC f F i 2 f 1liitiij 01 i r stand that though marriage is the great crime of the vilization that it has to be under competing forms of living but that the social wedlock without the middlemen god or any of his agents of graft is the only decent or moral method of preparing two human beings for the solemn obligations of parenthood am told that it is too bad that Faith so young has to grasp all these hard ques tions but after a talk with her this morning we decide that scientific thought and prob lems are no more dangerous for a young child than the problems of hellfire and damnation to scare a child into nightmares Faith can also tell the married women of the Blade or any one who may wish to take issue with us that the only difference between signing a false name on a note to put a man in the perjurers cell and naming a child contrary to the facts of naturo to put a minister in a pulpit is that in the first instance some one in this generation gets tho money under false pretences and in the lastsome one the capitalist class gets it in succeeding generations She will be pleased to have the assistance of all wise and good men and women who can afford to tako sonic of tho a14 shares in La Prosperidad Colony join ua in preparing the lessons showing these facts for the babes of the Motherhood Home We are sure and our friends here so tell usj wo have the understanding of this child question which coupled with the settlement of tho woman question as done by our wonderfully perfect Colonial laws will lead the way to the Land of Freedom that Olive Schreincr saw when she met the old man Reason in tho Desert Believing there are many women among tho Blade readers who would join the Colony and help in this matter of showing the honorable way to freedom for women by the Mother love Homo method I ask that every male reader who reads will make an effort to get this letter to some lady friend who wants a home of her own a vote of her own and insurance against poverty in her old ago by becoming a member of the Colony and inci dentally through her influence helping Faith and I bring the education to women both in andout of the colony The body is the matter the motion of on in and through protoplasm is the life and the life is more than meattho mat ter that is the healthy balance of the three fold lifo whenpmvora tmlnniwl sa en ation makes possible is moro to be desired than tho more dead matter without the life or a body in hell because the life the motion is all turned out of nature by wage slavery and faith in personal gods and devils Faith and I can hardly wait to begin tho work of showing the members of the Church supplantthoshall teach in the Home Brother Kerr can teach in Church butI will wager if the colony will allow betting that we can get pupils to learn the scientific facts about the trinity and how to keep it holy or healthy faster thanhaJcan get members to his church especially when ho runs competition with Sister Bliven Faith and I send regards to both and want every Materialist in the world to know about La Prosperidad Colony and the Motherlove Home for fallen girls as introduced by ONE OF THEM 1451 Ulysses St Los Angeles Cal Order of Square Fellows WELLSBURG W V AI am a Free thinker and I see in the Blue Grass Blade that Mr Curtis one of your subscribers handed me an article on Organization Al low me to say that there is but one religion and that is the equality of man and that all truth should be based upon the formula that all men are negative until made pool tive by purpose That all men are born equal but do not receive equal culture and that education Is a process of brain trans en2childknows nothing by any sense until educated and this must bo achieved by anatomical changes In brain structuretransoverf- armaremakCimaking over thin minds and that the will of the Creator is oil all equal will that to love neighbor as self is equal love that the square met its equal angles and sides Is a figure of equality and Is the symbol of the golden rule of rwhich all nations have a formulated expres sion the will of the All Equal OneGod Women are also equal with men There is no sex in principle there is sex In the natural man but not so in principle and that divisions and inequalities exists In society because they do not believe In an all equal creator All religious begin upon principles of equality but end In favorite ism Mases square world was not the real Kosmas but a reality world of equality jIcharacter and love symbolized by the square and ho invested the square with a heart quality by wearing tho square breastplate of judgment over the heart thus In vesting the square with sincerity and honesty and an ethical meaning viz square ness I have been trying to organize an order under the caption of Square Fellows with the enclosed emblem and determining all social acts by the rule of equality My idea was to make It secrete and I have four degrees There are principles common to all philosophies These Ideas size the square being the symbol of the golden rule and that makes square world was symboli cal ore original but tho present false intstitutions can be hit some shattering blows Please advise me what you think of these Ideas I can send you matter thereon J W NEEL r 51Mor BLUE GRASS BLADE THE HISTORY OF RELIGION By Susan J Peck J So long a time has elapsed since the t of my last number of The History 4of Religion that I find It necessary to acquaint new readers of the Blade with the nature of my work The task given me was the explanation of the Inconsistencies of the New Testament und shall In the future as in the past confine myself to quotations from the Bible as the Bible is the book under dis cussion using only the old version as we began with that with occasionally a defi nition from Websters Dictionary as an aid in proving the truth of my assertions But first let me assure my readers that although I call myself a Christian to me Christianity means obedience to conscience and conscience is the Christ according to the best bible writers conscience of heed is our Saviour from sin and as a natural consequence we shall be saved from pun ishment for sin if we have not sinned Further I will state that I am in no way jlitfested in the support of any church or church creed nor shall I favor priests of any denomination but on the contrary i am opposed to all churches and consider the Bible as well as any other socalled sacred book worthless unless we are to understand exactly what it meant to its writers compilers and those who have from time to time been interested In its transpositions omissions additions and general alterations as well as what it meant to the priests and what the Bible and the priests meant and still mean to the people for the Bible Is not the word of one God but the word or decrees of iho gods many and lords many see I Cor VIII who were only men and the greater number of whom were devilgods or evil rulers with occasionally a better one Having as I hope made my position derstood I will proceed with my thirty first article entitled The Divine RlshtH of Klncs In the fourth chapter of Luke we rend of him who was born king of the Jews and called the only begotten son of tho father who was dead prior to his sons birth and who returning to earth to communicate with Joseph his sons stepfather was called by the writer tho Holy Ghost the same writer calling the son Jesus and that Jesus was led by tho Spirit of his lather into tho wilderness where he was tempted of the devil And tho devil said unto him If thou be the Son of Godson of our dead king command tbl stone that It be made bread sot the pcuple to work In the quarries and building temples colleges monuments etc that they may earn their bread then shall it yield also to you a very great revenue And the king called Jesus answered him Baying It is written fn our love that man loo common man shall not live ny bread alone but by every word of UoJ the must accept every decree of the king The common man must live n by paying tribute to the king and kings a few thous ands of years ago were called gods And the devil taking him up into not onto a high mountain the mountain of his selfish ambition in which was tho cave of secrecy showed unto him all the king doms of the world in a moment of time and the devil said unto him All this power will I give thee and the glory of them for that is delivered unto me by some other devil and to whomsoever I will I give it If thou therefore wilt worship me all shall be thine And the king called Jesus answered and said unto him Get thee behind me Satan for It Is written to the king Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God the power behind the throne and him only shalt thou serve But some of my readers may say The king drove the devil from him But that is where they mistake though it Is the story as told by the church but its meaning to Bible writers the lords the kings and the priests Is quite a different one and by reading the ninth verse you will see that the devil did not leave him but getting be hind him which meant controlling and supporting him he brought him to Jeru salem and set him on a pinnacle of the temple gave to nlm tho chief professor ship in the college which had been bUilt from that stone by his command In the course of their conversation the king called Jesus answered tho lord It is said Thou shalt not tempt the Lord tny God The king might not tempt the devil but tho devil might tempt the king The king called Jesus had been guided into the wilderness which Is a Bible figure for a place where enemies may lurk and from which they may spring upon their victims at any unexpected time but which here means in reality the wooded park in which was situated the castle of the Jewish lord of finance and In a private room of which he made him acquainted with the financial conditions of all the kingdoms of tho world and promised that if ho would be controlled by him worship him that he should be his successor should be made the financial ruler of the bo remembered by Bible readers that the only begotten son said that this gospel of the kingdom must be preached to all nations Not only to the Jews then dispersed among the Gentiles of all nations must the gospel of his acknowledged king ship as their financial and by means of of tho financier their political and eccleri astlcal head bo preached but his acceptance must also be forced on the Gentiles as well as the gospel of the kingdom as opposed to the republic or any other co operative form of government I shall not dispute with those persons who assert that tho socalled special rights of kings were and still are divinely bestowed but I shall maintain that the divinity who bestows them In the devil a new devil in each age and all this too according to the Bible In marked contrast with the teachings of those who would be the supporters of devilmade kingdoms Is the lesson given by another class of Bible writers and teachers and to be sound in Judges IX 8 in the allegory In which we read Tho a trees went forts on a time to anoint a king over them and they said unto the olive tree Reign thou over us But the olive t tree said unto them Should I leave my fatness wherewith they honor God and man and go to bo promoted over the trees And the trees said to the fig tree Come thou and reign over us But the fig tree said unto them Should I forsake my sweetness and my good fruit and goIto be promoted over the trees Then said the trees unto tne vine Come thou and reign over us And the vine said unto them Should I leave my vine which cheer eth God and man and go to be promoted over the trees t Then said all the trees unto tho bramble Come thou and reign over us And tho bramble said unto the trees If In truth ye anoint me king over you then come and put your trust in my shadow and if not let fire come out of the bramble mid devour the cedars on Lebanon In other words the bramble told the trees that if they should really j crown it and make it their king that they must all put their trust In the secret ses sions of a kingdom and in tho future accept such decrees as might be sent forth In tho kings name having no voice themselves In making tho laws by which they should be governed But If they were only to make it their king in secret still maintaining an appearance of a coopera tivo form of government then they must u consent to allow their rulers to destroy the best minds among them those tall grand cedars occupying thes lopes of Lebanon f from whence they were able to overlook tho plain and the valley and thus protect all tho other trees for only by so doing can I control the trees and the bramble thus explained that only In that way could they imitate men who having abandoned nat ural and Just forms of government con trive to destroy those whom they cannot deceive And by this little allegory the writer showed that only the smallest the weakest the narrowest and the most cruel mind of them all even for one moment entertained the thought of accepting a crown and giving to the trees a kingdom in lieu of self government 77- J BLUEGRASS BLADE ti h w h s wkw roov SooS sa 9 dOjr 4 c Cbe Blades Coanespondence- r 4fr w 4d rr h44 rw rCw M h fi w w M ys K Clk Let the Work go On PIERSON IOWAI herewith enclose you two clippings from the Big Dailys which taken together as they come to me almost In the same mall suggest very strongly the progress of our liberal cause Let the good work go onS F BENSON Blade is Running Slick UTICA MINN Please find P O order for five dollars to grease the press of the Blade It Is running slick Let er run Church hasnt got all Inside yet even to the preachers and we have shamed many of them out Science education and high er critics will cripple even the Pope In time If all would read and heed we would soon bust em up in their crazy supersti tion Keep on in the good cause I was much interested In Wilsons Trip to Rome and especially in regard to the Bruno Mon ument Had an Interest In that a long time I can see great changes in the past sixty years being now near seventythree Accept regards N M CROSS f Considerable Sympathy Wantdi FOREST CITY IOWAilly sympathies If I have any are with the poor and op pressed Perhaps Its hereditary with me and I grow sick and weary at heart know Ing that many Christians are indifferent towards the devil who needs a kind word now and then to uplift him morally intellectually physically and spiritually Let us put our shoulders to the wheel and see If we cannot do something to assist this friendless devil who Is sorely In need of an occasional kind word He who created Himself Herself or Itself out of nothing and then created everything else out of nothing needs not our prayers nor assist anceE A PINCKNEY The Wouldbe Annihilator AUGUSTA MICHHad a card from J O Smith which I enclose He feels badly because he cannot get a chance to annihil ate a thousand or more Liberals at one swing of his mighty Intellect I have told him that he could not assume that the bible was true that it was Gods word and that Jesus was his son and then base an argument on that as other people had their opinion of these things and would want him to prove his assumption before admitting It It seems ifrom what you say ii Ji lt Q in the Blade that he has nothing to say only thus salth the Lord Puts me In mind of a fanatical Irish Baptist of this place In replying to an Intelligent liberal who had called down the bible he assumed that It was all true for he says In what other book can you find thus saith the Lord Mr Warmington It was sufficient for Mr Warmington J O Smith is about as bad as I view him over He yet thinks all the people believe in the bible and all that tommyrot I dont believe they are making many new ones these days as bad- I enclose a clipping from a Detroit paper You can see It is faith alone of Pauls that Is essential to salvation Character Is of no earthly use as a saving grace You re member reading when a boy how the thief on the cross got there but he did and this clipping is right In line with such scamps getting to heaven I have been writing a concise history of about 6000 words on Neoplatonism and its Influence on Christianity which I am going to send to you and get your opinion It Is what I have tnought to write for a year or two So many people even in the liberal ranks that know nothing of early Christianity haveiltso much to do and can spare but fr time to write Well poor J O Smith Is longing to swat some one but can get no open place for a knock out blow Oh I forgot if my article is good enough I am going to havo it put up in tract form so I can send it to many liberals I know Well I hope you are all well at the office am to old to go into your Correspondence School I think It the best thing for the people of youth and middle ageT B Hall Because of the Pictures LORENA TEXASI see you are going to print the pictures of our grand old Freethinkers In the Blade I send you 150 for the Blade for year Please begin my subscriptions when you print the first pic tures If you began in the past send mo the back numbers to same and begin my subscription thenD F MARRS Blade Going to New Fields NEWPORT NEWS VAI am pleased to acknowledge the receipt of the Blue Grass Blade of recent date It advocates just my kind of religion and in fact if the i fYssw X A Future Life A Critical Inquiry into the Scientific Value of the Alleged Evidences that Mans Conscious Personality Survives the Life of the Body Embracing A discussion of the Doctrines of Resurrection of the Body ReIncarnation Spiritism Annihilation Theories of Metaphysicians Phenomena of Spiritualism etc BY SINGLETON WATERS DAVIS An octavo volume of 172 pages with fine frontispiece Portrait of the author and full table of Contents well printed on Crystal Book paper and neatly bound in cloths A Future Life is the title of a book just out In my opinion it takes rank with the best thought of the times on the subject Every conceivable phase of this mysterious subject is treated inthe clearest scientific manner My impression on reading it was that all that is known on this subject up to date is told here It Is a fortification behind which the thinker may feel himself secure this very ceptional book is the product ofa mature and exceptionallyfine analytical mind J B Wilson M D in the Blue Grass Blade Seventyfive Cents Postpaid to any point within the United States Foreign 10c extra Published by the Author at r 854 E Lee St Los Angeles Cal No Beginning By William H Maple THE IDENITY OF GOD WITH TURE DEMONSTRATED The only book of its kind In existence Neat cloth binding 183 pages two striking illustrations 75 cents paper binding 35 cents postpaid INGERSOLL BEACON CO LA SALLE ST CHICAGO trsa Fs 7 7 i iiI 6 jl BLUE GRAS 3JlAD k 711 1 whole truth was known many others too I handed a copy to a friend He advised me to get up a club I could put him down for one The dark shadows of Ig norance and superstition are fast fading away before the Giant of Freethought Free Speech and honest convictionsJ Joins Blade and School FORT MOULTRIE CI received the Blue Grass Blade sent me last week I am well pleased with them I now want to ask you to do me a kind favor to continue sending the Blade to me I will be able to remit the subscription price by the first of June I bought some books on the in stallment plan and will finish paying for them by May 15 and then I will be able to send you the amount and I think a few other subscribers Date my subscrip tion from April 1st The copies you sent me are already doing missionary work I want to be ready to commence studying in the Scientific and Philosophical Course when you commence your School I am not a very highly educated man but I have Food common sense and I have been a Freethinker every since I was ten years old I am now forty three I have quite a fine lot of free thought books and take other publications but I think the Blue Grass Blade one of the best I have ever seen I want to take the course to pro tect myself when I come In contact with those Hellfearing Godloving cranks that I meet every day As I am a soldier and j money is not so plentiful I will have to pay 1000 at the time but will take the three years course Put me down as a memberG M COLLIER A Valued Compliment NEW YORKPlease mall me at your convenience any part of fifty copies of the Blade of the 15th inst for distribution where I may meet intelligence and maturity of mind to receive them The article Another Revision of the Holy Bible by Mrs Henry dissects and proves with the vigor and clearness of an Ingersolls un answerable logic the demoralizing and fraudulent part of that book unmistakably disproving its alleged divine origin It nottrelief from the superstitious folly of having swallowed the entire volume covers and all The few simple words of Bruno showing the Injustice and Ignorance of the intol- erancel of ituman opinion and which coupled with his heroic meeting of the inevitable is a strong illustration of the fact that the human mind receives Its In spiration through Its development under favoring conditions So it ever has been and ever will be tnat the advance of the human species from the low to the high and the civilization of the world are the result of human effort and growth Hu man thought and acts lead and develop the human family That choice fruitage comes not through the favors of Imaginary Gods even though the latter may at times stimulate and give temporary comfort to the struggling weakC AMORY STEVENS BOOK REVIEW SIDEREAL SIDELIGHTS It has been well said that variety is the spice of life and from a perusal of the interesting pages of Sidereal Sidelights a Medley of DawnThoughts by Charles L Brewer it is evident that the author ieved and wrote on the notion that vari ety was also the spice of progressive Is in receipt ofa copy through the courtesy of The Balance Publishing Co of Denver Colorado publishers and it Is well printed Ina fascinating style and Is being sold for the modest sum of 60 cents It is just what is implied by Its nomencla ture namely a medley consisting of both poetry and prose touching upon a number of different topics connected with the progressive thought of the day Its range is ample covering the field of sociology with flashes of philosophy and a touch of mysticism which gives a charm to the thread of its stories The whole is an im pressive dwelling upon the Humanitarian Impulse holding that if there be any element of socalled divinity In the universe it must exist within and as a part of Hu manity It Is well worth reading and ought to have a wide circulation No book can please every reader who may glance over Its pages but the one now under review Is calculated to please the majority of thinking people and this Is a victory in current litera- tureIngersoll Beacon A Spicy Freethought Monthly at 100 a year 10 cents a number Edited by William H Maple Devoted to Science Free Thought and the Gospel of Reason and Goou Cheer In con trast with the foolish forms and cringing faiths of theology SUBSCRIBE NOW Good things In every number INGERSOLL BEACON CO 78 LA 8ALLE ST CHICAGO 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