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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 3, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908050301 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 3, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Y A tr ADIVolumeW f Weekly ji DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA FREEDOM OF THOUGHT Il JI DR T J BOWLES XI t Freethought Writer and Bli3e Contributor 1t w yj 1Jt 1 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE H N TtWith tho labor of nearly half a century behind him for the greaten development of liberty of conscience and rationalistic thought with a mind still actively engaged In the eradication of r superstition through Intelligent discussion with still greater pos sibilities confronting him during the remaining years of his active life the subject of this sketch Dr T J Bowles of Muncie In diana stands as a bright meteor illuminating the pathway of humanity to a still hJgber and nobler state of human progression Moved by a kindly impulse towards others at a very early age he refused to recognize the rights of kingcraft and priestcraft as claimed by the votaries of superstition and assumed the laudable task of destroying the deadly upas tree root and branch Dr T J Bowles was born in Milroy Rush County Indiana on the 24th day of July 1836 and will therefore be 72 years of age this year In his veins drawn from his fathers side flows the sturdy AngloSaxon blood and that English love of liberty made itself manifest in him From his mother being of German ancestry he inherited that rugged and fearless honesty that Is characteristic of tie Teutonic race Both of his parents were r born on America soil They first saw the light of day In Kentucky near the city of Lexington but emigrated to Indiana In 1832 four years before Dr Bowles was born From that day Dr Bowles has made his home in the great Hoosier state and he has practiced medicine his chosen profession therein from the day he graduated until the present Upon reaching young manhood Dr Bowles looked upon life from varied aspects His early education was obtained In the common public schools of Indiana and upon leaving these in valuable Institutions he spent a period of three years as a clerk in a drygoods store This did not satisfy him Ho then began to teach school and still his mind craving for higher opportuni ties remained unsatisfied Taking up his own inclinations he attended the Falrvlew Academy founded by the celebrated edu cator Prof A R Burton of Bethany Virginia and graduating from this Institution while still a young man he entered the University of Cincinnati for a course in the study of medicine Honors befell him here and he further supplemented his medical studies by receiving further Instruction In Bellvue College New York and the Rush Medical College of Chicago His studies over he went to Muncie Indiana where he embarked in the J practice of his chosen profession and the balance of his life has been spent in the alleviation of human suffering through the practice of medicine It has often been said that as between the lawyers and the doctors the latter are more firmly In possession of that knowl edge which enables them to discard superstition while the former are Invariably on the side of their client right or wrong In any event it is certain that tho study of physiology biology anatomy and the various branches of medical science prepared Priests are Paid to Promote AnteMortem and PostMortem Welfare of Ghosts By Dr T J Bowles Among primitive men and among all savage tribes tho belief was universal that all men havo a double or soul which goes out of the body at death and lingers in the or remains near the scenes of its life in the flesh during its earthly sojourn This absurd and silly belief was so firmly 2 rj r the mind of Dr Bowles for the vigorous onslaughts he has made against superstition and many of these have appeared from time to time in tbe Blade His great mentality and splendid vigor has been given to the cause of humanity without a solitary selfish thought Although actively engaged in his professional work at the advanced age of 71 years he still furnishes frequent tributions to the Freethought press and the Bladd has been especially favored in this respect His Persistence of Supersti tion articles have wrought considerable favorable comment from many of our readers For four years during the administration xw r of President Benjamin Harrison he was pensionssurgeon for the city of Muncie and this Is the only public office he has ever held seeking none The popularity of Dr Bowles with the Freethinkers of the middlewest resulted in his election twice as President of the National Liberal Party and he labored dilllgently for Its successIAlthough one of the original orlganizers of the Republican party he has for many years been absolutely Independent in politics For some time he remained loyal to the party to which he helped to give birth but to use his own language he abandoned It because It became thoroughly corrupted by the priesthood and last decade or more Dr Bowles has been a frequent contributor to the rationalistic Journals of the United States and he is now engaged with Prof T B Wnkeman of Coscob Conn in the Joint production of a book upon the subject of Supersti tion and Scientific Religion Dr Bowles has undertaken to furnish the manuscript for the chapters upon Superstition while Prof Wakeman will contribute the chapters upon the part of Scientific Religion He has also created considerable discussion in his own community by frequent articles upon social religious and political topics published in the papers of Muncie In this Issuo of the Blade will be found a continuation of his articles on Superstition which we have no doubt our readers will again enjoy During his mature life Dr Bowles has been a Monist or in other words a disciple of Prof Ernst Haeckel This is an ac knowledgement of the Oneness of the Universe a confession of materialism and absolute Freethought His religious beliefs or unbeliefs as we may term them are summed up in this fffk lowing personal expression He says I have constantly sought to establish In the minds of my fellowmen that the Universe embodies all causes and all effects and that divine revelations are unmitigated frauds and that the priests of superstition are the worst enemies of the human race This bold declaration places him among the leading advanced thinkers of the world and we do not doubt that many if not all of our readers will join in wishing for Dr Bowles a long and useful life brightened by rays of genial sunshine warmed and cheered by gratitude and love I Persistence of Superstition J neighborhood fixed in the minds of all primitive and sav age people that the practice of placing food on the graves of the dead for the use of the soul or spirit was universal and this practice still prevails among all savage modified form through the power of heredity and tradition and vested Interests this belief still largely prevails among civi lized people and while food is not placed upon the graves of the dead for the use of the ghosts a priesthood Is paid and main 1z R f x l olcLi fp Ir tained to look after the antemortem and postmortem welfare of ghosts In organic nature there are two great forces heredity and environment the power of heredity preserves the form of organized bodies and alsO the customs laws beliefs superstitions and ceremonies of past ages slowly and almost Imper ceptibly the power of environment by adaptation modifies and changes the laws usages and superstitions of past ages and progress Is thus achieved j t f w BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 When we learn the physiological func tions of heredity and adaptation In organic nature we can clearly perceive why It Is that the absurd superstitions of our re mote ancestors still linger among us In spite of the advancement and demonstra tions of science Even while I am writing this article the priests of this beautiful little city are speaking to crowded houses and celebrat ing an event that never happened in the history of this world as long as the pagodas and josshouses can be filled with men and women in the celebration of the immaculate birth death and resurrection of a God a high plane of civilization and happiness can never be reached on the earth this priesthood has been one of the most deadly enemies of the human race and it mankind could have escaped this awful curse all the nations of the globe would now be filled with happy men hap py women and happy children and a golden cestus of clasped hands would en circle the whole earth this Is as it should be today and this Is as it will be In the future wnen the priests of superstition are all burled in that vast cemetery called the past and their memories shrouded in can weigh the earth on which we liveforetell with exactness the coming of eclipses ana compute with accuracy tne distance to the sun moon and stars but all the mathematicians In theworld cannot estimate the ocean of tears and blood that the priesthood has wrung from unnumbered millions of the human race There is no tongue nor pen that can embody in speech the ruin it has wrought the countries it has wrecked and the lives It has blasted a simple enumeration of the crimes committed by the priests of perstition would fill a volume a thousand times larger than the Holy Book of filth and fables from which they derive their authority to rule and enslave mankind The whole history of the priests of su perstition from Constantine the monster and John Calvin the murderer down this very hour has been written in blood i andtagonyforThe worst tyranny that has ever op d earthlt superstition in the name and forthe glory e of a fabulous God For a thousand years their constant it ployment was the assaslnatlon of grand s men and noble women and had It not r been for the Volneys and the Voltalres y and their Immortal coworkers this would still be their occupation today there is Id still however one kind of torture that the priests of superstition are constantly In Meting upon all good men and all good wo f fi IMP men who have been emancipated from their savage superstitions they have gloated for so many ages over bleeding victims that the spirit of assassination has become hereditary to them and they are now engaged In assassinating the reputation and happiness of all good men and all good women who refuse to aid them In their diabolical work they denounce moral men and moral women who repu diate their superstitions and constantly seek to place them under a social ban and close all avenues against their advance ment and preferment they pack political conventions with hypocrites to fill the offi ces of the state and nation they combine against the employment of teachers and against all aspirants for place and posi tion who are Imbued with the sacred love of science and rationalism In every neighborhood hamlet village and city In Christendom this method of torture Is constantly practiced today by the priests of superstition and thousands of grand men and noble women are living a life of bitterness and sorrow that Is worse than death by fire and sword or by flame and fagots souls grand men and noble women have During all this midnight darkness that hung like a funeral pall over this beauti ful earth for fifteen hundred years great arisen and sacrificed their lives in heroic efforts to rid the world of these hideous and horrid monsters Among this immortal number of heroes the whole human race owes an Infinite debt of gratitude to Thomas Paine and his illustrious compeer Thomas Jefferson previous to their day hope and happiness had fled from the earth previous to their day the whole world was In chains pre vious to their day the priests of supersti tion had their fiendish clutch upon the throat of humanitypoverty and rags filth and faith war pestilence famine tears and sorrow were the common heritage of the whole human family In this midnight darkness they placed n star of hope jn the sky and gave to the world a government of the people by the people and for the people the marvelous victory of the toiling millions of the earth won by Paine and Jefferson over the priests of superstition left the smoldering fires of hate qnd revenge in their heart and they are now plotting and organizing their forces to destroy the republic of Paine and Jefferson and tear down our glorious flag of freedom They love the bloody banner of the cross that has been wet with tears and stained with blood for fifteen hundred years they hate the trlcolored flag of our repub lic they hate It because It stands for erty they hate it because it Is a menace to every priest of superstition In the world they hate It because it divorces supersti Eii tion and government they hate It because It was placed in the sky by three of the most illustrious haters of superstition thatsever lived In the world Paine Jefferson and Franklin they hate it because it has extracted the teeth of the tiger of super stition and removed the fangs of this dia bolical serpent they hate this glorious republic because its glorious constitution gives to every man and every woman the right to embrace or reject every super stition according to the dictates of their own conscience they hate it because it has abolished the instruments of priestly torture they hate It because It has robbed them of power and In time will compel them to earn an nonest livelihood Whoever persuades himself to believe that any priest of superstition will ever become reconciled to a free government like ours has read history with no profit for by an Irreversible and unrepealable law a priest of superstition is precisely the same today that he was In the days of Constantine the monster precisely the same today that he was in the days of St Cyril the Alexandrian bishop of su perstition who killed with stones and clubs the beautiful and learned Hypatia pnd burned her body to ashes a priest of superstition is precisely the same today that he was in the days when the immortal Servetus was burned to death over a slow fire by the infamous John Calvin he is precisely the same today that he was in the days of the Immortal Bruno whose body was burned to ashes by the priests of superstition because he enlarged the boundary of human knowledge the priest of superstition Is precisely the same today that he was in the days of Copernicus and Galllleo whose lives were made wretched and miserable because they flooded the world with the sacred light of scienceA of superstition never changes and he cannot change any more than the leopard can change his spots he longs and prays and plots for the establishment of the kingdom of Jesus Christ upon earth officered from constable up to president by the priests of superstition and I shud der when I reflect that there are still mil lions of Ignorant men and women bound in the fetters forged by this hydraheaded monsterIt becomes apparent that the highest office and the most sacred duty of enlight ened men and educated women is to labor persistently for the spread of Rationalism for only in this way can progress be hast ened and superstition banished from the long 0 how long will it yet be before mankind will learn that manacles iota the limbs and fetters for the brain have always been forged bj the priests of superstition 00 h 171FkTw i t f ri4rjf r iF il4 BLUE GRASS BLADE From the Confessional By Fr Hans KIrchstelger Translated for the Blade The following has been translated iron the original publication In Austrian ex pressly for the Blade and sent to us by a friend It first appeared in the Salz burger Watch The Cronicle laments the fact tha 7Mr Klrchstelger did not speak at the meeting of the anticlericals in the Kur house For this pain of the Cron Iclo wo fortunately have a good remedy Although Kirchstelger did not speak in the Kurhouse we will give vent to his opin ions in our paper by printing an article r of his which has been copied from the Fessel by nearly all the freedom loving papers of Austria Mr Kirchstelger could not have proclaimed the truth more loudly in the Kurhouse P When I published my romance das DEl htslegel two years ago tho entire clerical and Christian social press pounced upon the book declaring that the Biecht i siegel confessional did not advocate se recy nearly so strictly as I bad represented in my book I have founded the book only on those teachings which the regent of the Seminary Dr Placolm and the professor of morals Angermeyer taught The clerical and Christian social papers all the editors of whlcn are priests declare that tho confessional is to be considered just as stringent as these papers consider the command of brotherly love And they ought to know since they are only the speaking mediums of the bishops and In fact the bishop of Lluz through his press condemned the book In the most raving terms Even Rome declared Itself for the Beichtslegel and corroborated the state frments of the clerical press Therefore I consider myself Justified as a priest before God and the holy church to publish exper fences in the confessional for the benefit of thousands of unfortunate people A terrible disturbance is now raging in Austria concerning a single paragraph In the civil lawbook It Is paragraph 111 I will say no more about this paragraph nor the means which are used to uphold thin paragraph and In this way to enforce mor ality But If one has occupied the confes sional for twenty years he knows that der the disguise of virtue entirely differ ent things occur Flies are cast away but elephants are swallowed with the best of appetite But what do we priests cars for sin where our power Is concerned Whosoever reads a liberal or social dem ocratic paper Is condemned whoever eats a sausage on Friday is accursed but the bloodsucker is dismissed from the confession with three Lords prayers and one t f7 r evens feels flattered that the church Is honored by such high standing people But enough of this Much more Important is the confession of those priests who thunder with such vim against the annull ing of a paragraph of the civil lawbook For twenty years many priests have knelt before me to confess as other ordinary we are all human and act as human beings is a truth which all mock holiness can not overthrow But so much the more unjust is it ifwe make ourselves judges over others who are morally much cleaner than we although they are separ ates whom the law forces to sin Does not a law cause us priests continually to sin The law of celibacy Whoever cares to deny this has not occupied the confes sional for twenty years nor has he heard the confession of many priests and of many more victims of the lusts of priests Priests whom I considered holy were thus manifested as poor weak human beings- I must have had the confidence of many for women came to me to confess who had not confessed for five or ten years because their sins were so black which they had committed with priests that they were ashamed to confess them Women of all ages who sinned with priests But what kind of sin Sins which one oftlmes does not hear for a whole year from the mouth of common people Awful seemed to me the confession of a woman 24 years of age whom I had to prepare for death She had to die although yet very young The priest with whom she had stayed brought the disease from the city and she was not the only victim of this priest but her sister who was three years younger was also brought to the parsonage as kitchen maid and both sisters had to serve the priest at the same time r make special mention of this case out of hundreds because this priest is publicly considered as the most solid pillar of clericalism honored by his bishop because this priest Is one of the most diligent coworkers with the clerical and Christian social papers because this priest la one of the most earnest defenders of the old marriage law and has gathered over a thousand sub scriptions against the marriage reform I must not give his name because I know him from the holy confession But one may say that ho admits a sin gle priest might fall By virtue of a twenty years practice In the confessional I say No this Is no exception in fact I have found no exceptions All the priests who came tome to confesshut that would be saying the leastbut all the women and ii 7 f t lfl1 t JL JJ uAij 1J girls and boys My God my God who j would believe It that celibacy requires such victims May the Pope be ever so Infallible may he live ever virtuously twenty years Ill give my oath upon It he would say No so many sins of priests sd much mischief so much heartache I cannot justify before God and therefore do away with celibacy But what are the conditions In the clois ters I have not heard a cloister brother confess But from places where cloisters are women and girls came to confess and told things which convinced me of the fact that the clolstermantle was equally as powerless tq prevent sin as the gown of the priest And oftlmes much less so which is no wonder The ordinary priestfmust often battle with want and worryAmany a one must even suffer hung rButI- n the rich cloisters the stomach Is treated to so much choice food that the heart also declines to go hungry The holy scripture itself says In vino luxuriain wine there Is licentiousness And in the clots ters there Is certainly no lack of good WinesI never forgot a certain confession The confessional was a railway car In which I happened alone to meet a very young but very sad girl Intense sympa thy besides the grace of God must have put the words Into my mouth because this hardly more than a child told the that she was going to Lluz to drown herself In the Danube since she was in the family way from Father N God must have helped me to persuade her to give up the suicidal project and never did I absolve anyon rwith so much feeling as this child now saved In body and soul It is one consolation that not all girls misled by priests take the situation so seriously Most of them are much more resolute I know a priest who was an ear nest colaborer with the clerical press and a raving enemy of the marriage law reform I had made up my mind that he must be a veritable ascetic an exception to the rule I looked up to him Inawe as to a new Alolslus But it wasnt IgngVuntll six women came to me to confess and said that they had committed sin with this very priest And not once but for years And these six were not Sisters of Charity but fresh farmer girls But how shout thesis ters If one wishes to hear the confession of these he must certainly have a good stomach Not all sisters sin with priests but all are in love with priests even to the extent of self pollution at the thought of the priest But the priest maybelDever such tf high standing he remains human Even the golden cross on his breast doesntmake him an angel Many priests have their + nieces as cooks But what about the s 47K c AIM S ff1 IJGRASS BLADE 5 nieces f This chapter were too long I shall only mention a case where It were not a niece but an own sister by real blood relationship The call of nature may come so strong that even a priest will sin with his own sister I should reach no end were I to relate all my experiences in the confessional But this will suffice to how forth those men who from a glass house throw stones at their fellowmen These are the men who with the beam in their own eye are pointing with great zeal at the splinter in their neighbors eye And now for acloso after so much filth a little picture which allows us to breathe a purer atmosphere I was at one tlmo chaplain of a large charge And since this is no secret I may give the name of the place Aspach At that place there labored in the best sense of the word a priest who was not only in the church but in the en tire surrounding country held in great es teem When I came there as chaplain this priest had passed to his reward but in all the houses I found his picture and all tho people spoke in lauding terms of this wor thy priest And yet all even the children knew that he had lived with his cook as man and wife and was lather of several children And he was a good father one of his sons became canon in Lluz tho other a professor of the cathedral Kremsmeln respectediashamed of his children and the children were not ashamed of their father and the entire congregation was proud of their priest with his two priestsons and were none tho less attentive when these sons ceremoniesalso a typical church of true religion and morality And after him came a priest who had neither wife nor children and still he was not beloved by the church He was a candidate for the Landtag but the bravo farmers of his own parish for tho most part cast their votes against enough of the misery of the human priests But their own weakness should cause the priest to sympathize with their felloWmen and If they cant raise them selves up out of the filth into which celi bacy has cast them they should at least not keep those who are divorced from a lawful marriage Butt strango though It be the deeper some people are sticking in their own dirt the more impudently they will throw slurs at all honest advocates of a so much needed reform of our civil mar riage law By virtue of my long experience as father confessor I could say a hundred times more and shall do so if this does not suffice to shut the filthy mouths of the enemies of progress and humanity I i t1 Jj i 2 T t Satan and the Saints Just a Little Brushing Up Of a Famous CoUplet by Cowper By John F Clarke Satan trembles when he sees The weakest saint upon his kneesCowper Christians have the happy faculty of making proverbs that are not proverbial The fear of God is the beginning of Wisdom When Satan sees the weakest salntess kneeling he begins to fear God and wisdom gives him the palsy and he shakes Just how Mr Cowper got his misinformation is hard to tell He cer tainly never saw Satan rubbernecking the weakest saint at her orisons He wanted to make an epigram and show off his orthodox piety and no let his pen trace the first queer stuff that his toxic brain exhumed from the musty tomes of nescience If the salntess had pretty ankles perhaps Satan was not trembling at the result of the prayer but hoping for a prolonging thereof When it is prety well established that the prayerful efforts of the strongest of the faithful avalleth nothing we are surprised at Mr Cowpers statement Perhaps when Satan prays tho weakest saint will take notice Weaksaints are likely weak in the knees weak in tho head and weak in heart Satan is said to reside in a place where weak and strong saints do not re sort to kneeling Cowpers witticism falls flat and yet it is quoted and requoted as an inspired treasure If Satan is omnipresent he sees many weak saints on their knees and he is kept trembling like an aspn leaf Why should the weakest saint pray Who is she Why does she not become strong Why does Satan tremble Does ho fear that God will forget himself end give heed to a prayer at some time Does ho fear that the prayers answer will be inimical to Satan Cowper looms up before me as a fool of large dimensions God must have trembled when Satan sent tho chariots of iron after his chosen Gods armies al ways have saints pray before battle and yet Gods warriors usually come off second best Icons were thicker than bullets In tho late war between Russia and Japan Saints strutted and called upon God to help the Russians do something to Japan but the superior guns of tho Japs were too much for God to overcome Weak Gods weak answers and weak saints weak pray ers are not calculated to do more than make Satan shake with laughter After writing such a beautiful sentiment I ex pect clapping of hands and flapping of wings The angel rooster crowed like ii iii rt r H Democratic roosters after a favorable election to the sainted memory of Old Hickory Jackson I have no doubt that theahen angels all cackled and engaged in fuss and feather demonstrations All the she saints claimed to be the heroine of Cowpers bon mot Cowperic faith only resultea in making one bigoted damphool of the nambypamby order Cow per is now engaged in hatching out angel eggs under the goose that laid the china eggs Do the saints wear MerryWidow hats in heaven WHY AM A FREETHINKER- By A B Bennett FirstBecause we know nothing can know nothing have never known anything of any future existence although I would not deprive any man or woman of the satisfaction or enjoyment they may possess irom an honest and sincere belief in a fu rtSecondThatfounded upon a barbarous custom of sacrifice or burnt offerings which Is Inconsistent with this our twentieth century intelligence and as a premium we are offered the blood and body of Jesus as a means of remission of sin Is not this both barbarous revolting and demoralizing to the average man or woman t ThirdBecause if I cannot be a true man without eating the body or drinking the imaginary blood of an imaginary human being I am not worthy the name of a man Why should we worship at the shrine of supernatural cults born of murder in an age of ignorance and superstition moro than two thousand years ago A certain Scottish soulsaver was pained and astonished to see that his wife had tallen asleep during one of his most elo quent sermons He paused in his discourse and thus addressed by name his erring spouse whom the silence had awakened I did no he said marry ye for money as ye keen weal and I did no marry yo for your looks as all folks may see so if ye have no grace to listen to my sermons I doubt I hao made a lair bargln Said a distinguished politician to his son Look at me I began as an alder man and hero V am at the top of the tree IIdietho city The SonYes dad when you die but not till then ijif C l1 ri tJ 1f 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE HNNNHNNHHHNNNHHNHHHNNHNNHHNNN Current Comment on Public Events i9 HHHNHNNHHNHHNNN NN + NHNHNHHNN4 Ii NO CHRISTIANS NEED APPLY RDont be a sissy There is nothing like manliness and in dependence P me unctuosity of an Awmen is no longer a synonym for a square deal and a truly Christian character is no longer garded as a certificate for industry Hut a lew short years ago it was the proud boast of the church organizations througn its hired professors that a young man with a church record could secure employment at any time and place in pref erence to an applicant who did not belong to church For a season the preachers were justified in making such a claim for the employers of labor had not been able to profit to any extent trom the lessons of experience Now things have changed and the goodgoody young man is con signed to Hades or to a much warmer climate than Los Angeles while the sinner gets the pie The cloak of orthodox pro fession has been used to cover many sins but the Captains of Industry are now get ting suspicious of the too much piety sort of a man The sinner has triumphed over the saint and the church has been com pelled to get on its knees and beg for what it terms a square deal or that its members shall be placed upon an equality with the men who do not belong to church This innovation comes from the far West The scene is laid in Los Angeles and the setting is a large building that is in course of construction for the benefit of the Y M C A It was naturally supposed that the members of that Protestant Je suit band would be given the preference in the matter of employment and a number of them tried to work the church racket in demanding it The plan failed for out of two hundred men employed on the build ing there is nota professing Christian among them and what is more the General Su perintendent C B Weaver is out with a published statement to the effect that he will not employ one of them it he knows it This has raised a howl from the church element but it is noticed that Superin tendent Weaver is a man of his word and means exactly what he says Religion may satisfy a lot of hysterical women and a few babies but when it comes to business the horse takes on another and different hue Too much professing piety in a man now forces the impression that he is a sissy and employers have no use for him This indicates the clear trend of modern thought k I IJl I IrJ and shows the attitude of the secular and business world towards saintly pro fessions but read what the Superintend ent has said It reads in part i can get twentyfive per cent more work out of sinners than can out of saints and I shall finish the job with men making profession of faith There is not a Christian man on the job now so far as know When I began I had a few Christians but they didnt deliver the goods They were a sissy lot of fellows who thought that because they belonged to the church they ought to get the soft end of everything so fired em Such a statement may not be orthodox but it is good common sense and the busi ness community will applaud it Profes sions of great piety no longer insures a soft snap The saint hath no preeminence over the sinner and as between men the latter is given the preference The day has been a long time coming but it is here at last and congratulations are ex tended to Superintendent Weaver From Old Kentucky we extend him the glad hand and the promise of good fellowship should he ever strike this section A GHASTLY JOKE It is not recorded that when the Naza rene climbed the hillside to deliver his famous sermon he carefully laid a side the short end of a cigarette Jesus may not hrtve smoked cigarettes but that is no reason why his representatives should not do so The New Testament nor the old one for that matter places any inhibition upon the cigarette The church canon Is silent on that subject Yet it is reported that Plus X is not only an Inveterate cigarette smoker but that be actually uses the Turkish brand and can indulge in a sanctified joke about them The cigarette has long been associated with the silk cady and the sooner necktie striped socks and tanshoes that it comes a trifle hard for us to bring our deep pious nature to that point wherein we can readily believe that the Vicar of God on earth and ViceRegent of Jesus can perform his sanctimonious duties with a cigarette stuck between his teeth This may be a sacrilege or blasphemy for aught we know but we are not responsible for the statement as the reports coming via Madrid in news dis patches of the day declare that the Pope really enjoys a Turkish cigarette and can joke upon the subject by insisting that he I ii t oP has so far been unable to Christianize them The report states that the Bishop of Acequl recently called upon the Pope and the latter asked the Bishop to dine with him He did so At the close of the meal the Pope lit a Turkish cigarette and the dispatches give the following as to what was said and done The Pope asked the Bishop to dine with him After dinner His Holiness really smoked Turkish cigarettes to which he is very partial The Bishop noticing the kind of tobac co said Does Your Holiness really smoke Turk ish cigarettes Yes my dear friend answered the Pope smiling Up to this time I have been unable to Christianize them Other terms other jests adds the Bishop in telling the story A few hun dred years ago the Pope would have said I cannot Christianize them so I burn ghastly sentiment contained in the last two lines of the quotation is but too literally true It was intended as a joke about the nationality and religious pre tensions of the worshippers of Allah but it is not so very long ago in the measure of time when another Pope caused a human being to be burned because he had failed to Christianize him That burning took place within view of the papal residence and to this day a monument marks the spot upon which Giordano Bruno gave his young and glorious life to the cause of metal liberty If we cannot Christianize them we burn them The very expression Indicates what finds lodgment in the minds of these prelates of the Christian church It Is but an echo from the past and the smoldering fires of religious massacre are still there It is not a crime to smoke a cigarette and even the Pope of Rome may Indulge If he is so inclined but It Is the ghastliness of the joke to which special attention is so desired for In so serious an undertaking as the wilful destruction of human life the pious can look on un affected SECRETS OF CONFESSIONAL While the laws hold that some communlcar tlons are ot an especially privileged charac ter and may not be divulged In the Interests of justice yet the law Is not universal If some family physician told all they knew the divorce courts would be kept on a con tinual grind for years to come and many a lawyer could ruin enormouj business In terests were he required to give testimony concerning communications made to him of a personal and confidential business nature For many years In fact from the days of the ecclesisatlcal courts the communications made to a priest in the form t i K S i l p H 1111 y I h I BLUE GRASS BLADE lof a confession or even to a Protestant privilegedand ManydecIsions whichthougherally upheld the secrecy of the confession whotheupon the common law In n majority of proVisionsJicommunications and as a general rule the person to who aura confessions are made are not required to divulge them for legal purposes Common law states have variably made such provision but through placethe in t the State of Illinois is without such statutory provision and being to all intents and purposes a Common law state tho secrets of the confessional may be brought requiringthemin the trial of a cause As a matter Lawsilentwriters upon common law agree that a communication between a clergyman and a penitent is not privileged and the clergyman may be required to testify concerning any confession made to him under any and all circumstances One can readily understand the necessity for ouch a rule During the days of re ligious and political intrigue when nations and individual in the same nation were at variance upon matters of ecclesiastics and political policies connected therewith when Catholicism and Protestantism were at the daggers point in a struggle for su premacy and power secrets of state secrets of families were desired to bo ro tohumananyhad ed Modern Jurisprudence has hold a high re gard for the sacredness of the confessional and the several attempts that have been made to break through the veilthat enshrouds the secrets thus told have failed But accord Ing to Joseph B David an eminent Illi pots lawyer it is made to appear by a chain of legal authority that in that State at least the confessional or communications made to the priest therein are notj privileged And it should be so No man should be placed higher than the law To admit one man having the power toEreceive and withhold a communication affecting the rights the character thet landwhereis neither good policy or good morals Of course every confidential communication should be allowed to stand upon its own HJ fi1 l IWjj t tltK QfJr merits but it Isnotto be supposed for anyfaith laAbe given if demanded is not In violation of religioliberty e the announcement of the preparation of bill tor presentation before the seralecommunicationstors lawyers and editors In nor0privileged EunderCarrying out this to vconclusionwork a difficulty in securing testimony matters of tcourtsBULLING THE MARKET expensiveAt throw pocketisof in yaEnglandthroughlean papers that a cofnamedMisshis Pie tlwasYoucanferablie the nsuchdmarrytrosseau and when urivedJilted her and a suit for damages promptly entered nsuitwasthatness and warm affection npromisedrcoveredwe opine that the lady is lucky to prevent fthispwordsHo will hold thee ashallpSomethingthan his horse thejUdgmentas a vindication for while John Wesley Is reported to have owned five sliver ten spoons a bible and the sum of 450 with tC 6j f fl1YbeingtvCOMMANDIus togetherrathe immortal Puck saldwhat fools these mortals be =he reIIglousExtreme piety never wrought strength f character or mind The most pious the InvariableUnderwill maim and Injure themselves in such fashion as to induce special inlegislation against all religious influences could possibly inspire acts of self inFranceexistingInures are inflicted supposedly at gods tcomma d and yet there are still fools who twill continue to worship at such a shrine reportedthatcial believing that he had heard the voice and warning of god while In a state of mental depression and aberration actually off one of his fingers with an axe in sting that god had required him to make sinnersWhilegrowing from religious Influences could not have led him to the commission 0 reasonbeen thedemandsrifice and selftorture made its impression andthewasNow the question arises can there be of value In a religious system thatc anwasearlodany It demands a serious consideration Unable to conclusionthe aleeatsblood cropped out Born in blood theChristianevidence of great faith and a sure pass to the New Jerusalem The sooner thebetterWhen answering any of the Blades advertisements dont neglect to mention the paper IJ I I r 8 IyBLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Founded Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death FFebruary J JAMES E HUGHES Editor and Publisher f 1208 N Limestone St Lexington Ky Pt Box F 1SUBSCRIPTION RATES By maIl postpaid i150 per year In advance ii remitFive new subscribers at one tance 110 each Five trial subscriptions sent in with one for six cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year 1ADVERTISING RATES Inch single column Insertion cents jOne or tour Insertions 100 months 500 one year Quarter 200column one insertion t f one 400 six months 2000 one year ty columnHalt whole column or advertisements t The bftal right application to reject any and all advertisements tGENERAL BUSINESS RULES t SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be of the term discontinued subscription has been paid up 4Jtoradvance The address on will show subscribers the date expiration subscription Back numbers or r of omitted will be seot1f asked for upon renewal In case ot discontinuance his or herSUBSCRIBER change SHOULD ANY oldboth address advise this omce giving t address as desiredand now otpubllcatlon ot the Blade Is at THE OFFICE Lexington- Kentucky North Street126128 to which all Freethinkers be given a hearty welcome atpostomceat theTHE BLADE Is entered Ing secondclassKentuckY asLexington matter TO THECOMMUNICATIONSADDRESS ALL Box BLUE GRASS Lexington f o j i i Editorial JfX wo X+ t CHRISTIAN HYPOCRISY GRAVE AT THE f Freethought is life and action Christianity is a coffin and the f professors of the orthodox faith have admittedhy frequent t that Freethought may be all right to live by but Christianity is heeded when men come to die Freethought is willing to accept the L distinction thus conferred upon it for if a man or woman live all right they need not be concerned or alarmed regarding the mode apd manner of dying To live all right enables one We are all interto die all right ested in living We all know that we f have life and that to all who have life death must come Life is the beginning of individual consciousness Death is the end As there was nothing for the individual before the in dividual life was so there will be noth ing for the individual when death en sues The foregoing thoughts have been occasioned by the recent receipt of a communication informing us of the demise of one of our enthusiastic sub scribers with a request from a lady member of his family presumably wife or daughter that the Blade dis continue to his recent address The tone of the letter indicates that this particular member of the dead sub scribers household did not agree with him in his views and it discloses the further fact that she did not take very kindly to his reading our paper Among other things the writer of the Epistle says- Yleaso allow me to say that he en joyed the paper while he was in health but when sickness and death came it offered him no comfort The Christian religion and the prayers of a Christian minister gave him more comfort than can be found in your lpaper More was said along the same lines but the foregoing is enough It admits that while the deceased was in health and strength in full possession of his mental faculties capable of the useof his reason he actually enjoyed the paper and the carrion crows of the death chamber could not influence or turn him from his known and accepted views upon religion It also admits that when the poor tired brain failed to properly perform the function of thought when mind and body were both enfeebled the women members of his household aided by a Christian Minister undertook to wring a confession of faith from the parched lips and by such an act they sought to prove to the world that the dead man had lived a lie and another conversion- to the Christian faithis announced The church is welcome to all such converts save for the slander that his family have allowed to be perpetrated upon his name and memory Even in death Freethinkers are not safo from assault Christian ghouls have ere this penetrated the grave to make a holy vengeance upon an inoffensive and helpless corpse What wonder then that like a thief in the night these Christian ghouls will penetrate the chamber of death and by cruel tricks without the consent or knowledge of the dying indulge in the hollow mockery of prayer at such a season and the slightest twitch of the lips whether of or disapproval isaccepted as a renunciation of an inte1l ctunl plane of thought and 1J1r1fIiJ1J If jitiin ftlj l8lnfl i construed as an acceptance of that re ligious faith which he had previously spurned In a great measure Freethinkers are responsible for these things Too many fail to make proper provision for such an emergency Very few have done So Anticipating such a contretemps in the case of death care should be taken to guard against it during active life by haying preparations made in advance There is nothing grewsome about it We must all die We all realize that The same end awaits us all and the Blade advises its subscribers friends and readers to be fully prepared so that when the grim reaper makes his call they will not be subjected to the humiliating disgrace that befell the dead man in the present instance The letter we have received furnishes the best sort of argument in favor of Freethought It admits by implication that the Christian religion is fitted only for children Intellectual imbeciles and persons in the throes of death In this instance the deridmanwhile he was in health actually enjoyed the Blade and the logical inference is that when he became unable to enjoy it his reasoning powers had failed his mentality had ceased he was as a little child again and a fit subject for a Christian Minister to work off his prayers and faith upon Ah friends could he have known and realized what was taking place around him in those moments of flit ting life there would have been prec ious little comfort in the Christian religion or in the prayers of that tian minister for those gathered aboutJhim and while we dislike to say harsh things in the presence of death yet we regard the incident here related as an insult to the intelligence of the man now deal Write down the names and addresseliI of your friends that is your liberal friends and send to us and we will try a sample copy or two on the- mi The principal objection made by orthodox professors against the theory of evolution as applied to the Cosmos is that they do not like it The objection counts for very little because it will he applied thusly in spite of their likes or dislikes When the Master Minds of the world undertook to demonstrates the Oneness of the Universe there was no thought of trying to please tho clerical objectors Evolution was and is even though the powers of heaven and hell combine against its H 1 j tf i l ezM111 I f c It BLUE GRASS BLADE WHAT THE SCHOOL WILL TEACH Believing that a future explanation of the important branches of Natural betaughtSchool would aid in demonstrating its spreadingusefulline of the comparative studies to be undertaken will be found both interesting and instructive- It is only when we come in contact with such important facts in nature that wo stand aghast at what confronts us We become surprised at how little we really knew before Sir Thomas m declared that the great benefit which a scientific education bestows whether as training or as knowledge is dependent upon the ex tent to which the mind of the student is brought into immediate contact with facts upon the degree to which he directlytoThe purpose of the school is to bring the student directly to nature and by comprehensive study of known and demonstrable fact to offer means of conscious culture and intellectual de velopment Briefly summing up the situation we now present the following CLASSIFICATION The province of Natural History Is to describe compare and classify all natural objects These objects as we have previously shown are divided Into the organic and inorganic or those which are and those which are not the products of life Biology is the science of the former and Mineralogy the science of the latter Bi ology again separates into Botany the Nat ural History of Plants and Zoology the natural history of animals Mineralogy di vides Into Mineralogy proper or the ence of mineral species and Lithology or the science of mineral aggregates of rocks Geology In that comprehensive knowledge of the earths structure and development which rests upon the whole doctrines of Natural History But few aro capable of realizing the in herent beauty and great value that lies in a scientific education Upon this sub ject Prof Ernst Haeckel says An edu cated person who knows the elements of Geology will never experience ennui He will find everywhere In surrounding nature in the rocks and In the water in the desert and on the mountains the most In structive stimuli to reflection More portant still is the fact that a knowledge of Geology brings Its owner Into an Irro conclliable attitude towards the dogmas of the church I SURVEY OF GEOLOGY Geology has firmly established the chronological order of the sedimentary rocks This was its first great triumph The order of chronological succession deter mined the next Important step was to de duce their age from the thIckness of the strata and then to determine the relative date of their formation According to modern tables there are five distinct geological ages each distin guished from the other by internal char acteristics The relative duration of each age and the depth of the prevailing for mation can now be given with a fair de gree of accuracy These geological ages may be classified as follows Archeozoic or primordial Paleozoic or primary Mesozic or secondary Cenozoic or tertiary Anthropozolc or quarternary Following each age through Its subdivisions and noting its fossllifcra Its comparative depth in the earths crust and Its probable age we find the following ArcheozoicdIvided into the Laurentian HuronIan and Cambrian In none of these have fossil remains of vertebrates been found hence the natural and logical de duction that vertebrates did not and could not exist during any of these periods of sedimentary formation The approximate length of this period Is placed at 52 millions of years and Its strata Is esti mated at a thickness of 63000 feet Fossil remains of invertebrates are found in the Cambrian deposit- sPaleozoicdivides Into four periods bo Ing the Silurian Devonian Carboniferous and Permian This Is known us the ago of fishes and reptilia In the Silurian are found evidences of the first vertebrates fishes In the Devonian dlpneusts In the Carboniferous amphibia In the Permian reptiles The estimated ago is placed at 34000000 years and tho depth of strata at 41200 feet- MesozoicThree periods namely The asslo Jurassic and Cretaceous In the first of these subdivisions are found the Montremes the next Marsupials and in the third Mallotherla or the proPlacentals Its age Is estimated at 11 million years and the depth of the strata at 12000 feet CenozoIc Foul divisions Being the Eocene Oligocene Miocene and Pliocene This is the age ofmammals and In the last of these subdivisions man like forms appeared The characteristic fossils of each period are Lemurs in the Eocene Baboons In tho Oligocene Simians in the Miocene and the Apo man In the Pliocene The estimated age Is million years and the thickness of strata Is placed at 3600 feet Anthropozolc Two divisions Glacial and Postglacial In the first we find pro j + i historic man and In the second both sav age and civilized man The age of this period Is given at 300000 years arid withrbut little thickness of ptrata and considerable Variations ZOOLOGY In many respects Zoology may be de scribed as the most extensive of all the sciences Its field Is a world of varied forms To determine their origin and de velopment their structure habits distri button and mutual relations is the work of the Zoologist So iumerous and far reaching are the aspects under which the animal world may be contemplated that tho general science is beyond the grasp of any one person Special departments in Zoology have arisen and in its com prehensive sense it is the combined re sult of the labors of many workers eaca pursuing his studies in his own particular it lineFirst we have Structural Zoology which treats of the organization of animals In this department are embraced Anatomy which considers the constitution and con struction of the animal frame and Physi ology which is the study of the apparatus In action The former is separated into Embryology which is a study of the sue1 cessiye modifications through which an animal passes In its development from the egg to the adult state and Morphology which includes a study of all mature ani mals or the form and arrangement of D th ii5Comparativeof the anatomy and physiology of all ant rimals It is In this department that the labors of science has led to the grand generalizations as tho unity of structure j amidst a diversity of form tSystematic Zoology is the classification of animals or a study of animals asto r their kinds giving to each a distinctive name and description Distributive Zoology is the knowledge of tho successive appearance of animals In the order of time which also includes the z geographical and physical distribution of animals living or extinct over the surface a of the earth- Theoretical Zoology Is the provisional mode of grouping facts and interpreting them some of which still stand waiting at the gato of science These are the the ories which deal with the origin of animal life and tho origin of species Included in this branch of Science aro Entomology the study of insects Herpet ology the study of reptiles Ornithology tho study of birds Anthropology the study of man In addition to these may also be given Osteology the study of t bones Odontography the study of teeth and Neurotomy the study of nerves J 11 I 3 f 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE THE CONFESSIONAL From time almost immemorial the devotees of superstition and orthodoxy have maintained a system of espionage upon the conduct of their nonclerical brethren through the medium of a confessional and in this manner has the individual power of the priesthood been multiplied and strengthened Political and personal secrets have been laid bare and in many instances have the innermost recesses of the hu man heart been explored by these selfconstituted confessors Many of our readers will be well aware of the fact that numerous ex poses have been made in the public prints but as a rule these have come from men and Women who once firm believers in the virtue of the confessional for some private or personal andIupon their former associates We have escaped nuns and monks con verted priests and priestesses all tak ing the public platform and for spec ial hire engaging in making known their opposition to the confessional and giving reasons therefor As a rule these attacks come from Protestant sources and small weight have been given to such authority Their argu ments and presentations lacked that moral force necessary to serious affect and as a result their missions proved failuresIn issue of the Blade is an arti cle reproduced from the original print in Prussian the translation being paid for by a friend of the Blade and sent hero for publication This article is of an unusual character It does not emanate from one who has been un frocked or who has abandoned his particular form of faith It comes from a devout Catholic priest still in the exercise of his ecclesiastical func tions and in charge of a large church in Austria Its apparent cause is from a strenuous campaign in favor of a reform in the civil marriage law which is designed to enable persons once married and divorced to marry again and to make such marriage recogni zable by the church authorities Be ing of such a character it is vastly different than the common run of such articles and tho startling experiences it relates are worthy of the utmost considerationThere pathetic deeply sentimental and touching in the facts as there given It offers an unanswer able argument against the law of cel ibacy imposed upon the priesthood and fij1Ti nlll1i w lifl lHi1 shows how flagrantly and openly that law is violated Young girls and even female relatives the latter closely af filiated by ties of blood are unsafe in face of such an institution and the Blade is especially grateful to the friend who has thus interested himself to the extent of having the translation made We have the original print in Prussian for examination at any time should it ever be needed for examin ation and comparison Sido by side with this expose comes a little paper entitled Worldwide Missions published in New York1 which commenting upon the use of the confessional in Mexico says IIIt is in morals here as in other countries where it has long held sway but the Holy Roman Catholic and Apostolic Church is most at fault If it were really holy and inculcated holiness and morality of the people would indicate it It lifts faith high above morals but that faith is spur ious which does not lift morals to its own plane Salvation in sin seems to be the practical idea of the church not so much in acts committed against the moral law as in offenses against the creed A morally corrupt priesthood gives sanction to a morally corrupt laity A clergy solemnly committed to lifelong celibacy gives the lie to its vows by its unbridled license A dying priest told his physician that if he could choose among the professions again ho would elect to be a priest for said he we have all the gold we need and the pick of the women When one considers the fact that these assaults upon sex morality arc not exclusive to the Catholic priesthood alone but that a large number of protestant ministers are guilty of like offenses we tire forced to the con clusion that the Christian church in eluding nil its sects and denominations is morally rotten and corrupt and we must redouble our efforts to deprive it of power and privilege KEEP RUST OFF THE MIND An endorsement of the Correspondence School its method and scope of instruction is given by Tomorrow Mag azine in its May number as follows We are pleased to note that our friends of the Blue Grass Blade Mr Hughes and Mr Charlesworth have organized a correspondence school which covers a wide range of subjects including zoology geology astronomy general science secular and sacred history etc The school offers exceptional opportunities for men anil women to nwlJ1UTH 1 i avail themselves of an education by mail and keep the mind alert and growing instead of rusting We wish our friends the success they deserve Coming from such a source the Blade feels highly gratified as showing that a popular vein has been struck Wo believe that such a propaganda will open new vistas to the progres sive work of Freethought FAITH FLOWERS INFIDELITY In a recent issue of the Duncan Ban ner published at Duncan Oklahoma which has been forwarded by a friend thero appeared an article under the somewhat captious title Flowers of Faith vs Infidelity attributed to some person by the name of Austin Callan and supposed to have been previously published in Remarks and Arrow whatever that may mean The article is beautifully worded but a careful perusal leads to the conclusion pleasantdreampear to find upon waking that it was but a figment of the mini A mirage a mere guess in the dark and entirely without substance And where are theII flowers of faith Faith hath no flowers Faith is allied with cloistered walls the cross of agony and despair the dead and the dying and its very form is made lurid with the glare of hells fire Faith subscribes to a fanciful but revengeful god and it fills the eyes with tears the heart with painIduringitqboast a few flowers they were artificial and turned to Dead Sea fruit in the hands of men and women Faith is the prisonhouse of tho mind and flowers do not belong in a penitentiary Faith has been and is yet the charnel house of nations and individuals in which are cremated the best thought of the ages and flowers do not find a place amid such surroundings Interested advocates are ever and always inclined to lay claim td the good the true and tho beautiful in life and assert that it belongs to and is a part of Christianity The very devotees of the Christian form of su perstition give the lie to tiny divine message Its fashionable pulpits simp ly minister to languid minds Its prac tices are but the cultivation of foolish fads a social clearing house and an aesthetic forecourt to hell Of what service can flowers be under such conditions Tho writer of tho article assumes UiilII L that a complete answer to Infidelity is tooe found in the twinkling stars the songs of birds and the beauty of a setting sun Vain fool Those very twinkling stars and the feathered songsters of the meadows and valleys that very sun and the perfumed air of spring the song of the mocking bird thrilling to its mate from a treetop the drowsy drunken hum of the honeybee the growing corn in fact the whole of Nature de nies the audacious claims of Christian ity displaces God wipes out angel hosts and brands the fable of a res urrected mandiety as monstrous fic tion to mislead fools Compared with Christianity the doctrine of Infidelity is as a bright oasis in some dreary barren desert There is no sentiment there are no flowers in nursing a de lusion and hugging it to your breast There is no despair nothing cold in sleep and what matters it whether we sleep for a night or forever Once asleep we miss nothing know nothing lose nothing if we never wake again Superstition creates imbecility and dis ease then builds some place of charity for its alleviation and declares with pride that it is a ministering angel Remove the conditions and the char ity would not need Kill Christian ity by any intelligent means possi ble and the gloom that now hangs over human life will speedily disap pear Again reference is made to the in stitutions of learning that are supposed to hava been erected through Christian belief This is erroneous When in the full zenith of its political power the Christian church would not tolerate a school a college or a uni versity It destroyed all with which it came in contact It burned the Alexandrian Tbrary and put the schol ars of the world to rout Every for ward movement in education all over the world has been made in spite of Christianity and not because of it Education is secular It is decidedly irreligious It knows no religion or religious sentiment The sacrament is not to be found in the multiplication table nor does the Lords prayer find strength from a study of natural law in cause and effect Only in the last few years has the church displayed any consideration for education and at that the education stood for advo cated and encouraged by the cult has been of such a character as to sub serve its selfish interests and against the welfare of the human race Flowers of Faith What a misnomer Faith has produced more pois I BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 t J PROF WAKEMAN ON THE SCHOOL Coscob Conn April 25 E M 308 A I am right glad you are where you are and ought to have been j long ago May your Scientific and Philosophical Correspondence s + School succeed If I can help you let me know 2 B WAKEMAN tTIIAIDEUS t tANTIDOTE FOR SUPERSTITION yCorrespondence School Receives Magniflcient Endorsement Assurance Given To Prospective Pupils + Natural knowledge or an acquaintance with the sciences of the different departments of Nature organic and inorganic is a complete and perfect antidote to every form of superstition and your contemplated school to teach the natural sciences by corre t sspondence is deserving of all praise and commendation In my judgment it is tho very best method of propaganda work t+ and if the Freethought Press of the United States can establish + schools conducted in the manner which you propose it would not + bo long until the Priests would be compelled to earn an honest living in some useful occupation I sincerely hope that you may secure a class of several hundreds pupils and I can assure your pupils that the course of instruction which you propose to give will be more valuable than they would + + get at any of the universities Yours always + + T J BOWLES + HNNNNNH NNHNNNHNNNNNNNHNHNNNN oned arrows and barbed points swords bayonets and cannon balls for the deilction of humanity than aught else in all its history There is one thing however wq wish to suggest to the author of this article and that is whenever ho de sires to cull flowers of human thought with which to enrich his writings let him give credit to Inger soll from whom he has stolen them and used in quotation without credit being given In this very act the author has shown by demonstration how Christi anity will steal the best there is in life and lay claim to it as its own Our splendid premium offer should be an inducement to friends of the Blade to do a little work in its behalf With a club of five subscribers at one dollar each we will send you Dog Fennel or a trip to Rome free iAbove all friends dont overlook our Correspondence School It is mak ing a hard fight to obtain a foothold and this can be won by your help and cooperation If you know of a young man or woman of average intelligence i inclined to Liberal Views call their attention to the School and exploit the opportunities it has to offer Three years instruction in science and philosophy for twentyfive dollars or one year for ten dollars is an offer seldom met with Remember what Mrs Closz had to say about the missed opportunities Your attention is directed to the Blades proposition to double its cir culation this year If each subscriber would sign tho blank at the bottom of the last page or send in the addi tional fifty cents when renewing with a new subscriber the good work wills on be done If you think the Blade deserves it then it should be an easy j mattes for you i 4thesecond article on the Bible The orgies of thitt Angel of the Lord were certainly interestingc j 4 pT pSpV12 BLUE GRASS BLADE Is Mars Inhabited Concluded from last week the same vegetation only twofifths as much to grow the same animal body or to move It a given distance only twofifths as much energy will be required to pro duce any phenomena whatsoever Hence It will be necessary to receive only two fifths as much heat from the sun to sup port animal and vegetable life From this we infer that it may bo and must be moved from the sun a sufficient distance to receive approximately this amount As the quantity of energy received from the sun varies inversely with the square of its distance in order to receive the same relative energy Mars should be re moved to a distance of one hundred and fortyone million miles so instead of re ceiving only the necessary forty per cent of the earths heat it really recall about fortythree per cent Henco it Jj latively speaking slightly warmer than our planet From these data we may formulate the following law Other conditions being favorable the Uabltability of a planet requires that its surface gravity be inversely proportional to the square of its distance from the sun With Mars this ratio is almost perfect e its surface gravity and its solar dis givenIgravity and solar distance of the earth the slight variation shown being no greater than would be caused by the eccentricity of the planets orbit or by a slight differ ence of latitude Now having shown that the temperature of Mars is such as to render animal and vegetable life entirely possible let us con sider how other conditions so far as we know them may bear upon the probability The surface of our own planet consists of threefourths water to onefourth land On Mars this order is reversed and the ratio is much greater Perhaps ninetenths greatfImpossiblet de posltea in the polar regions In the form of snow during the long winters This will melt when the pole is again turned toward the sun the water coursing through nar row channels towards the tropical regions J These channels may be and probably are very small and there may be a largo num ber of them running side by side or nearly so thus Irrigating portions of the desert surface Between these parallel channels and for some distance outside of each group or system vegetation would spring up ands flourish during the summer season to dis FGappear again with the return of winter kt ii Lj u I f f i r fVtJ JIIIIiiIi That these marks or socalled canals are visible only In the summer season and wholly Invisible In winter are facts well known to astronomers and for which as Prof Lowell clearly shows the growth and decay of vegetation will furnish a simple explanation A possible objection to this idea may be raised on the ground that vegetation should be visible in the tropical regions at all seasons since no winter exists there This objection is based on conditions as they exist in the tropical regions of our own planet conditions that cannot possibly exist on Mars A tropical climate like that of Brazil has Its wet season and Us dry season with occasional rains In the socalled dry seasons On Mars there is probably but one tropical season the dry How much vegetation is there in tho un watered parts of the Sahara Desert and how much would be left in the valley of the Nile should that river dry completely away for a part of the year The fact that these presumed strips of vegetation are In tho form of straight lines lends color to the theory that they may be due to the efforts of intelligent creatures who are obliged to make the best of scanty water supply It Is certainly easy to sup pose that where these irrigating channels intersect their Influence would be more extended and larger bunches of vegetation woulu appear and we can say with equal certainty that where vegetable life is pos sible animal life is also possible Again these marks or strips of vegeta tion are arranged with a degree of geo metrical precision that would seem to preclude the possibility of their being due wholly to the operations of unassisted Nature Of course Nature makes straight lines when bodies are contracting and cooling and in the formation of ice crys tals but If we undertake to explain the marking on Mars by this hypothesis we shall require these markings to appear in winter and disappear in summer instead of the contrary as they persist in doing and we shall also have to object to their taining the same appearance season after season As they refuse to appear in winter Instead of summer and as they Insist on preserving tho same general appearance at each recurrence we shall have to abandon the freezing idea and allow a certain amount of intelligent control and direction of Natures forces to be an absolute ne cessity But if these markings on the surface of our neighbor planet are In reality vegetation why are they thus confined to strips Why should not the entire surface be equally productive Why should there be such a large proportion of desert waste and so little productive soil These ques tions are answered by their supposition that Mars is older than our earth by untold ages not in actual time alone but in its advanced geological condition Being a smaller body the geological changes are necessarily more rapid We know that on our own planet tno land Is slowly rising out of the sea or that the sea is slowly but surely settling into the land the prob able explanation of which is that the water Is steadily entering Into its solidified form that the quantity of water as such is stead ily diminishing This process1 will con tinue until the earth is a lend and dried up world as the moon is tc f This loss of water has progressed at it until very small per cent of a former great volume now exists As there are no large seas from which to obtain water by evapo ration it is probable that not a particle of rain ever falls and water is disseminated by irrigation only evaporated and returned to the poles as snow during the winter vastly larger portion of the planets surface may in past ages have been the beds of great seas but is now u desert waste where no life of any kind can possibly exist In those past ages the entire surface may have teemed with life of many kinds Land and sea monsters may have strug gled for supremacy while ono more intelligent class creatures may have sue ceeded In subduing all others to Its will This race may have attained Intellectual heights unknown and undreamed of here Beings developed and perfected by an evo lutionary progress necessarily much more rapid than our own may have reached a state of grandeur far beyond the flights of the most vivid imagination If so It Is a past glory I nave said that the planet is older than the earth Mars Is not a dead but a dying world This is evident from several facts Its water has largely disappeared Its animal and vegetable life if they exist are confined to very small portions of Itstsurface Also In its ceaseless march to ward the sun it has passed the point where its distance would cause its temperature to correspond to that of the earth Its tardy revolution on its axis is also evident that great seas existed in past ages and the tides thereon checked its rotation until its period is longer than that of the earth Other things being equal the larger planets yield more slowly to tho resisting power of tides by reason of their greater weight but Mars being a smaller body Its tides had more rapid effect Loss of water and loss of velocity in rotation must be taken as evidences of great age It has been said that if an ordinary man should be transported to Mars he would promptly freeze solid This Iso mistake Should our earth increase its gravity at i j ih41 t t t 11 J JJO irt f i Ij 11 BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 surface to that of Jupiter a man would have to maintain a body of temperature of 160 degrees to 176 degrees or be chilled to death On Mars his temperature of 98 degrees would be above the boiling point and he would burn evcrj tilIng h a might touch even If his internal pwisure did not cause him to explode ina three or four pound atmosphere At least he would have to reduce his body temperature to about 25 degrees or 30 degrees Fahr At this point we may ask What other planefs of our system are Inhabited Not Qne Apart trom the earth and Mars the necessary relation between surface gravity and solar distance Is wanting in every one Of Neptune and Uranus but little is known but that the amount of energy received from the sun is many times too small can be mathematically demonstrated Saturn has a surface gravity onefifth greater than the earth and should therefore receive one fifth more energy whereas It actually ceives but one nineteenth part Ere It can support life it must form a solid crust and contract its body to about half its present diameter when it will have a density equal to that of the earth Its surface gravity will then be nearly five times that of our planet hence It will require nearly five times as much heat which means that it must advance towards the sun until it Is distant only 42000000 miles We are at present considering surface gravity and solar distance only assuming that other things are equal Much the same may be said or Jupiter to attain the earths den sity it must reduce its diameter to 64000 miles Then its surface gravity will be seven times that of the earth and it will therefore require seven times as much f energy from the sun to render It hab JItable This means that its solar distance must be reduced to thirtyfive million miles which also belongs to the far distant surface gravity of Venus Is four fifths that of the earth hones it should be removed to a distance of a hundred and three million miles from the sun It would then receive the proper amount of heat or energy to support life whereas It actually receives two and a half times that much consequently its mean temperature must bo continually above its boiling point This is corroborated by the presence of Immense clouds of vapor probably steam which for ever hide its surface Besides this the terrible tides which it must have suffered have destroyed its rotation and it continually presents the same side to the sun No life animal or vegetable can exist on Venus Mercury Is probably a dead world having neither air nor water baked and parched by the Intense solar heat waiting only to add its remains to the great crema tory of the worlds vi wk Now one more thought Are there in habited worlds outside our system Un doubtedly there are millions but they are still the exceptional few whose surface gravities bear the necessary relation to their distances from the great fountains of Lauds Mrs Henrys Article WICKFORD R IHerewith find 100 to apply on my subscription I will send 100 per week until my account Is balanced Please inform me as to the sum I shall send you for 12 or 15 copies of the Blade containing Mrs Henrys article on Bible revision I want them for missionary work among the heathen orthodox in this vicinity I wish them put in wrappers and ad dressed as I shall direct when I hear from you through enclosed stamped envelope I am sorry that I am not able to lift the hat and salute Mrs Henry In person E I ROFFEE Interested In the Cause You will find enclosed a very Interesting article clipped from the Tribune I think It is the most iarreachlng that I ever read I would like it to be published in all Free thougnt papersS P HUFF From a 15 year old Lad DEXTER TEXASEnclosed I send some newspaper clippings I do not know wheth er they are of any value but If so make use of them I have read several copies of the Blade and like the paper very much Although I am an atheist I dont understand just how It is that tho soul dies when the body does I reason thus that to live Is the result of life Nobody can live with out life But what is life As nothing is hero that can bo destroyed the body is not after deathit simply changes to dirt I dont see hpw it is that thy soul can be either Front what I know tor think it seems to me that the various currents of the brain and system aro either electricity- or something closely resembling that sub stance But as to the Bible I have read It and various fairy tales and find them very amusing To use a favorite expression Its good for them that likes it According to the Bible when God swap ped knowledge and reason to Adam for the garden of Eden It seems to me that human ity is now old enough to make uso of this bargain 4 energy around which they revolve Stellar space is known to be crowded with dark bodies most of which are immature or r dead worlds but some must furnish the 1necessary conditions for animal life 1tWILMINGTON VTI call you friend for I am always Inspired by that feeling toward the glorified few that are emancl pated from the thraldom of old super stitions and are out in the clear whitelight ot Science and Reason Instinctively my hand seeks the hand of the man that is laboring to lift the shadows of the ological bigotry and lot the people out into the oeneficent air and sunlight of Free thinking I have received the copies of the Blue Grass Blade and am pleased and gratified to note the improvement in form and general appearance but more to find the reading matter more varied and of a muchahigher order than formally Your por traits and biographical sketches of Stephen Girard and Chas Bradlaugh were fine Two great men worthy to be associated s with our loved and lost Robert G Inger soll greater and grander than Kings or Warriors or Popes or Priests or Saints or I am seventysit years old eyes failing money nearly gone dropping off several of my papers because I could not read them only the desire left to help the Cause and a keen sympathy for those who are rowing against the tide and do ing what they can for the spread of the glorious Gospel of Naturalism I cannot do all I would be glad to doolz take all the Freethought papers printed for all have some merit Would it help you or hinder V you If I sent you 150 for a years sub scrlption and probably send another for another year if I lived If so drop me a line of course will take pains to get you oth rsE A FITCH Joins the School SPOKANE W ASHI have a daughterrfifteen years old who is past tho eighth grade and you can put her down for a scholarship in your school Her name is Bessie GedderJames Gedder Argument By Fire GONZALES TexWith all my heart I release the In Uods wq Trust to you Please move mo up one more ring and rf K4BLUE GRASS BLADE send the Blade that cuts down supersti tion to another name that Ill mention later I have been trying very hard to get another subscriber but so far have failed From the best Information that I can get tho preachers here have Introduced a move to burn all printed matter at sight that Is against the propaganda of Christi anity and their flocks are carrying It out to a letter My plan is to have all good Freethought books and papers that I can afford In the house all the time so the children can have free use to them and all company can see them I like the changes that you have made in the Blue Grass Blade from time to time only one I think the date ought to be E M 308 I was sorry that you madd that change that would cause people to ask questions and then they might be enlightened K M THOMPSON Just Bet It Is Running HAVOVER INDIs the Blue Grass Blade still published If so please send me sample copy and the price of sub scription for one yenrF M Fisher 1The Cost of Religion PERRIS CALI do not know that I can offer anything for the Increase of the Blue Grass Blade better than a brief re port of current events In order that it will be read by others than Freethinkers Also the cost of maintaining religion denomina tion kept in standing column I recollect seeing the statement of the city of New churchesJerty that exists in the city almost con tinually 150000 preachers and their fam Illes support is what the country pays for a lot of men to do their thinking for them Free thinking is less expensiveC GOVE In Memoriam LORENA TEXASI feel It my duty sad as it is to write you of the death of my old Uncle David Mayberry of Prairie Grove Arkansas who loved tne Blade and wrote you this spring that he was broke down and too poor to pay for the Blade but could not order It discontinuedyou- made out his name as Mahony see Jan uary 19th and you kindly continued the Blade He was struck with apolexy on Sunday the 5th Inst and died Monday evening the 6th aged 78 never regaining consciousnesshis request a few days fore his death was that no religious ser vices was to be held over his body which my aunt informs me was complied withonly a neighbor friend made a short LL c 1 talk at the gravesee next number of Searchlighthe died as he lived an out spoken honest Atheist and died as he often wished he might viz just go to sleep and never wake He was for many years a Methodist preacher but from reading the Independ ent Pulpit and Ingersolls writings he came a Liberal and has been such fore twentythree yearsD F MARRS How Bryan Has Fallen BRUNSWICK MAINEThe two papers I got this A M for which I sincerely thank you Mr Ham loaned me his copy and by some way or other it has been lost it will turn up sometime I think Enclosed I send you one dollar for which to pay for them the remainder you will use as you wish April 15th Here I was Interrupted and will try to finish now This Is the great Convention time Twice I voted for Mr Bryan I shall not vote for him this time if he should get the nomination It looks to me as though he had been after the Christian element of the country I thought be had more com mon sense He join a church and not know what he was Joining never read the laws rules and regulations of the church And he would advise other young people to do the same of course 0 Bryan how art thou fallenI S CURTIS Almost a Centenarian BOSTON MASSIhave been highly gratified at reviewing your interesting and able paper As It shows me that there is a rousing all over the country for Free thought within outspoken declaration against tho silly fanaticism of the credu lous public on religious subjects I have done what my limited means would Justify in writing and publishing a large edition of tho book I send you herewith notice of I regret my inability to aid in the dis semination of all the liberal literature published I am now in my ninetyseventh year and consequently too old to give much aid to the cause that lies so near my heart J J GREENOUGH PROF T B WAKEMANS NEW PRAYER In the last issue of the Open Court pub lished at Chicago appeared the following verses from the pen of Prof Thaddeus Burr Wnkeman the well known Liberal thinker and philosopher Through the medium of an appended note Prof Wake man suggests that it Is designed to sup plant what Is mown as the Lords prayer ii1x t now used by Christian worshippers but the Blade is at a loss to comprehend the exact meaning intention and purpose of the distinguished scientist The verses border upon the mystical the metaphysical although one readily detects the design upon a Republic of Man so persistently advocated by Prof WakemanIAlthough the pleasure in reproducing such a poem from Prof Wake man we are Impelled to express our wonder and make Inquiry into the full meaning of the text The Prayer as Prof Wakeman terms it reads as follows THE HUMAN PRAYER By Prof T B Wakeman O World 0 Man and Soul of Me The Endless All Our Three in One O let me live with love and Joy In TheeIn Thee So may I do for human kind All each should do in turn for me So duty meet with honest deeds And noblest mind O let me learn to know Thee TrueISo that my life may do The So that my work may fruitful be The Ages through Thus may my Will as Thine be done And so fulfill our highest end As I in Thee shall ever live And work as one So bring our Republic of Man Our Paradise of Earth to be For each and Allfor Me and All As best we can So on and onFor evermore AmenAmen Overheard in St James Park on the newly opened grtss First Little Girl No I dont give my dolly no medicine She is a Christian Scientist Second Little Girl Well I spose its all right to be a Christian Scientist when youve noth ing but sawdust in your stummlck before closing his petition said And please God make me a good boy He paused a moment and then to the utter consternation of his mother con eluded with unabated gravity Nevertheless not my will 0 Lord but thine be done If you were going to move to a mountain you would do it in sections yet when it comes to moving humanity from a lower to a higher state you go about it as if mankind were a basket of eggs il of tr 7i f BLUE GRASS BLADE i f BOOK REVIEW SIDEREAL SIDELIGHTS It has been well said that variety Is the spice of life and from a perusal of the interesting pages of Sidereal Sidelights a Medley of DawnThoughts by Charles L Brewer it Is evident that the author believed and wrote on the notion that vari ety was also the spice of progressive is in receipt of a copy through the courtesy of The Balance Publishing Co of Denver Colorado publishers and it is well printed in a fascinating style and Is being sold for the modest sum of 50 cents It is just what is Implied by its nomencla ture namely a medley consisting of both poetry and prose touching upon a number or different topics connected with the progressive thought of the day Its range Is ample covering the field of sociology with flashes of philosophy and a touch of mysticism which gives a charm to the thread of Its stories The whole is an Im pressive dwelling upon the Humanitarian Impulse holding that if there be any element of socalled divinity in the universe it must exist within and as a part of Hu manity It is well worth reading and ought to have a wide circulation No book can please every reader who may glance over Its pages but the one now under review is calculated to please the majority of thinking people and this is a victory In current litera- tureIngersoll Beacon- A Spicy Freethought Monthly at 100 a year 10 cents a number Edited by William H Maplp I Devoted to Science Free Thought and the Gospel of Reason and Goou Cheer in con trast with the foolish forms and cringing faiths of NOW Good things in every number INGERSOLL BEACON CO 78 LA SALLE ST CHICAGO Marriage and Divorce by JOSEPHINE K HENRY VERSAILLES KENTUCKY Thousands of copies ot this uptodate pamphlet are now In circulation In the United States and England It treats in forcible style of the most Important prob lem before the American people It should be read by both married and single by all men and women who desire domestic promptly OIled by the author Copy 25 Cents 5 Copies One Dollar m In THE BALANCE A Magazine of Inspiration Per Annum Single Copies 10 Cents Subscribers will be give a choice of any of the following four books Concentration the Road to Success Paper cover new edition 128 pages initial illumination and sowed back By Henry Harrison Brown Editor of Now The Celestial Life Paper cover 144 pages new type initial illumination and sewed back By Frederic W Burry Sprigs of Poetry- Leatherette cover 128 pages colored plates initial illumination and sewed back By Norris C Sprigg LL D Address all orders Sidereal Sidelights Paper cover 86 pages Initial Illumina tion sewed back By Charles L Brewer THE BALANCE PUBLISHING CO 1744r46 California St Denver Colo USA FOR THINKERS WHO THINK Tomorrow Magazine Is the only publication in the world that deals with all human problems from the Impersonal Viewpoint- It is published expressly fr those who wish to see how their own cherished be liefs and sacred notions appear in the nude stripped of all racial bias and preju reading this magazine you will learn to draw all your conclusions from funda mental principles e you will learn to think correctly- SPECIALWe will send three month trial subscription for fifteen cents If you are not already a subscriber The regular price of ToMorrow is ten cents per copy or 100 per year This office may be withdrawn at any time so you had better write NOW TOMORROW PUBLISHING CO Hyde Park Chicago BE SURE TO READ THIS- WANTEDFREETHINKERS Two Printers and an Apprentice Two Shoemakers Ono Vegetable Gardener- A good home good health and compen sation In proportion to service to Freethinkers of any age who can work in above lines TO MORROW PUBLISHING COMPANY 139141 E 56th St Chicago KiMII T I A Future Lifevt A Critical Inquiry Into the Scientific Value f of the Alleged Evidences that Mans Conscious Personality Survives the Life of the Body fEmbracing A discussion of the Doctrines of Resurrec tion of the Body ReIncarnation Spiritism Annihilation Theories of Metaphysicians Phenomena of Spiritualism etc BY SINGLETON WATERS DAVIS An octavo volume of 172 pages with fine frontispiece Portrait of the author and full table of Contents well printed on Crystal Book paper and neatly bound in cloth A Future Life is the title of a book just out In my opinion it takes rank with the best thought of the times on the subject Every conceivable phase of this mysterious subject is treated In the clearest scientific manner My Impression on reading It was that all that Is known on this subject up to date Is told here It Is a fortification behind which the thinker may feel himself secure this very ex ceptional book is the product of a mature and exceptionallyfine analytical mind J B Wilson M D in the Blue Grass Blade Seventyfive Cents Postpaid to any point within the United States Foreign 10c extra Published by the Author at 854 E Lee St Los Angeles Cal It No Beginning By William H Maple THE IDENITY OF GOD WITH NA TURE DEMONSTRATED The only book of its kind In existence Neat cloth binding 183 pages two striking Illustrations 75 cents paper binding 35 cents postpaid INGERSOLL BEACON CO 78 LA SALLE ST CHICAGO Ii t 1j 7rBLUE GRASS BLADE The First acid Only Complete Edition of VOLTAIRES WORKS 1 3everCRAFTSMEN OF THE ST HUBERT GUILD New translations by f Including the Notes of Biographybyauthors mDESPREAD The Voltaire Et cubreadlug economistdramatist I theSovereignsThe by jJpresentationof JJlucidEncyclopedistsVoltaire IIany JJtarrasJthe horrorTheInthatpath J FORTYTHREE HANDSOME VOLUMES gIllustrations hisdramas J PhilosophicalDictionarythat it a THE EDITION speciallymade 1fonlllngup 1 Xcwe5end the 0 noInI17200 eitherlarge II REMEMBER THERE ARE BUT A FEW SETS OUT COUPON SEND TODAY L St Hubert Guilb- 1Orfiabop AKRON OHIO r phMap CUT Tor1itSignalare Address City State 0 Date VetV7iVal stlV bV 7AV hV V hV hV7hV7 1 aa iI IiI iJ Be Sure and Subscribe For Secular Thought A Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti clam In Politics Science and Religion jOrganof the CANADiAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor TSpencer Ellis Published at 185 Queen St WeatrTo ronto Canada Terms per annum In advance single 10 cents All communications for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should be addressed C M ELLis Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought 185 Queen Sf West Toronto Can h 2ooooooooo STOCK TO SELECT FROM When you send me an order for Diam onds Watches Chains Rings or any other article in the Jewelers line all the Im menso stocks of Manufacturers Importers and Jobbers in Chicago are at mydlsposal and I select for you the latest and best in market r No Shop Keepers Therefore no dealer who carries sfock can compete with me inxNtrust the designer of the beautiful Free thought Badge and the Ingcrsoll Sbuvenler to select nicest and best goods made and to save you at least 20 per cent Describe closely what you want and let me send you cuts and pricesalso of my Freethought Badges and Ingersoll Spoons Ring Guage and my great little tract Theism In The Crucible tree OlOtto Wettstein LA GRANGE COOK COUNTY ILL j I f