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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 17, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908051701 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 17, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. BLUE GRAS BLADE tfai Volume XVII Number 4 LEXINGTON WeeklyDEVOT- ED u TO THE PROPAGANDjiljF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT ii BLUE GRAlS BLADiBll J IfVolume XVII Number 4 LEXINGTON KYKAY 17 1308 Published Weekly u DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA F FREEDOM OF THOUGHT f f l r- I v 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE DR CHARLES EDWIN MARTIN In all ages there have been an heroic few who have boldlyIn 1877 with his wife and two daughters Linnlo Gwendolln rejected that religion which Reason the pitiless monarch of the and Isis Blanche he moved out west to Kansas and settled on mind tells us must as inevitable pass as did those of Isis and a farm 32 miles west of the city of wichita Two years of un Bel and Cybele leaving In the earths allabsorbing bosom only successful farming brought him to the city Here he engaged In a few shattered altars and broken fanes Too many human business first as a dealer In real estate and later as a commis minds are rendered morbid by religion and to those who have sion merchant In both he proved successful and was able to manifested that superb courage to openly differ from the multitude acquire a competency upon which he could furnish his are worthy the veneration and respect of underneath posteritychildren with a desirable education and enjoy some of lifes Dr Charles Edwin Martin deceased formerly of Wichita luxuries He became one of the leading and Influential citizens Kansas must be Included in the Blades list of Immortals Dur of Wichita He refused to Join any church though frequently ing an active and busy life he held truth and honor to be the Importuned and took no part In the religious work of the town highest virtues that manhood could keep Primal duties shine His manifested interest in the welfare of the people gave him ofpeople ofThoughIndependentsteadfastly 1step Inr most resplcndid when done without selfinterest nomination for Mayor of Wichita but while the and the subject of this sketch never sought self election campaign was in progress the Haymarket glorification but was ever ready to break lance riots took place at Chicago with such fatal results In intellectual combat believing that true glory lay and his political enemies consisting of church in duty done true honor restingupon integrity used this as an argument against him principle True greatness may not make proclaim claiming that the radicalism of Dr Martin if elected from the housetops but it is ever ready to scale would involve Wichita in similar conflict This the highest crags True greatness keeps the soldier had its effect and Dr Martin met with defeat firm the statesman pure and through it halo frequently urged to make the race again ho glory surmounts the brow of the declined Ho now took post graduate thinker course at the Rush Medical College and once more Dr Martin was horn in New York city on the resumed the practice of medicine inlli clayof April 1838 HP was the eldest son of Dr Martin was essentially Fratcrnalist As John Martin and Emeline Martin nee Ferguson In member of the Free and Accepted Masons ho rose the closing days of his life he was widely known by step to tile 33rd degree or the highest ns the moat stalwart of the Freethinkers in the that masonry can confer This had been one of the RunJlowou state From early childhood he had ambitions of his life but lie never rcaliied it Before entertained an inherent aversion to religious lIe could leave for Scotland to take the degree he creeds inherited this from his mother for was stricken with parlysis from which ho never while in her younger days she had attached her recovered This affliction came over him in 1891 self with tho orthodox church as was and is now end after lingering for more than three years lIe the fashion among women she became liberal died in September 1804 His daughter Isis B her views and dropped her name from tho church Martin became one of tho most widely known lists As child Dr Martin was required to attend women in Kansas was frequent contributor to Sunday School but finding no delight in that sancta tho Freethought press of the country and finally fled Institution lIe frequently played truant and became the wife of John R Charlesworth who s a a a a a a a aa spent the Sunday among tho forest nnd thefieldsity Tho monument that now marks his last resting placo will Blades associate editor and At tho death of Dr Martin there were no religious ser proclaim to posterity tho strength of his Frcethought views Infldol tendencies Isis younger days were spent In tho great vices No orthodox functions wore performed His monument metropolis whore lie attended the public schools and while erected by the Woodmen of the World of which ha was also a Btlll a young man attended the medical college of Genoa from member a picture of which adorns this page Is one of the which Institution ho graduated with honor Shortly after this most unique In tho country It is a Freothought monument In lie went with his parents to Ohio whoro they settled In Ply every sense of tho torm and a standing challenge to orthodoxy mouth nnd young Martin now made nn attempt to practice his It was the Joint design of his wife Clarissa Martin and his profession which ho did with varying In ho was daughter lots B It Is of polished granite and surmounting the married to Miss Clarissa Brewer from which Issue two daughters base Is tho carved form of a largo book upon which Is inscribed were born Tho next year came the civil war and Dr Martin tho words Froothought Library Upon tho top of this book enlisted with the llth Ohio Cavalry hut did not take part In nro flvo others upright nnd upon tho backs thereof are shown that fratricidal strife In that ho wont with Col Collins Into tho tho names of thoso infidel writers Darwin Buckle Draper Shol Indian branch of tho service In the department of tho Rocky loy and Voltaire Resting again on tho top of theso is another Mountains Hero ho served his full torm of throe years securing book Inscribed Col Ingersolls Works and to crown tho en an honorable discharge from tho army TIo returned to Ohio tire structure as If casting a glorious lustre over them all in hut now soiled In BnnrtUBky whoro ho embarked In tho hoot nnd1l1lnoli Ago of Reason This monument still marks hU last alino Business During nil this time ho had novor allied him resting place In tho cemetery at Wichita Kansas salt with any church anti kept constantly aloof IJr rr IBLUEGn1sWffnE 3 I The Christians Messiah Christianity Is But one Trunk on the Tree of Superstition Growth of the Messiah Idea By A A Snow There are myriads of people who If con vlnced of the unreasonableness of the Bible claims to inspiration if made to sea its tales of savagery injustice indo cency or its contradictions of science and known facts will still Insist that it must be divine because throughout its thousands of pages written by some sixtysix Independent authors living during different per iods comprising over 1500 years of time one general purpose runs with it Is said perfect agreement As an example we are told that the coming of Jesus as Christ is predicted from all the old Testament proph ets from Moses to Malachi find that in perfect accord with these predictions one Jesus of the greatest celebrity of any man of earth was born in the obscure town of Bethlehem the very town in which the predictions said he was to be born Now if the above is a fair and correct statement of facts need our Christian friends be alarmed at the people hearing the Freethinkers side of the case If the above is true why this eternal effort in keeping the people in ignorance as to what the other side has to say Why this censorship of the press this barring of doors against Freethought speakers as I and others have experienced so often But let me turn to the facts In the case We will gladly let them speak for them selves and when we are afraid of the truth we will turn Christian The only way you can convert me to Christianity as It stands Is to convince me that truth has horns teeth and claws To the extent that a general purpose runs down the lino of Bible producers I wish to say that those writers who followed aped the views of those writers that pre ceded them But when they could not share those views they did one of three things Dropped the subject or 2 Con tradicted them Or Changed or reedited the writings of those that preceded them This last charge Is made against them by tho higher critics nrtd whlld the orthodox Christians say that tho higher critics cannot be relied upon I wish to say they come nearer than any Christian on earth of not being afraid of truth or reason But why wo are asked wore not these frauds hunted out and exposed Is W not easy to see why frauds wore not ox posed In that Ignorant ago when we find them oo hard to expose oven when wo know tt t nfjf nl themln these enlightened times I will expose plenty of frauds in this article and it will be read by few while millions would scornfully refuse to look at it Whilcl largo portions of the bible were written persons were put to death who taught any doctrine in opposition to It See 2 Kings 2320 But does perfect agreement with a com mon purpose run throughout the Bible t Mohammedanism and Christianity are two great branches of onetrunkThe Old Bi ble But the former Is repugnant to the latter If Mohammedanism is true Chris tianity is false The former believes like the Old Testament In polygamy in prose lyting by conquest while the Christians claim Christianity does not Then would not Mohammedanism be true rather than Christianity There is more evidence of fraud in the production of tho Bible than any book I know of and nearly every one that had a hand In Its production seems to have sorted to It not excluding the translators Throughout the Old Testament we see page after page headed with phrases like these Christs kingdom predicted The birth of Christ foretold that have no more reference to Jesus than to Napoleon Bonapart After reading the passages under these headings we are reminded of the boys picture of some four legged affair we know not what until we read above It This is a cow I wish to give a sample of Bible prophecy fulfillment and Bible fraud all In one and In It I will kill two If not three or four birds with one stone Yes it Is also a pretended prediction of the birth of Christ hence germane to this case In Micah 52 It Is predicted that a prince should be born at Bethlehem and the early Christians Intentlve genius made this out to be Jesus But most positively It was not It doubtless was good king Hezeklah and the prediction of course made long after his birth for the contents says he was to save the Jews from the Invasion of the Assyrians which Jesus we know never did But It was Just as easy for the early Christians to make Jesus be born there as anywhere else the gospels not having been fully manufactured for about 180 years after It seems they had already attempted to have him born at Nazareth to fulfill another alleged prophecy See Judges 135 But were Just as unfortunate there since the one here named was to save the Israelites from tho Philistines which Jesus never did besides tho word Nazarlte does not mean tho dweller of the city of Naza reth at all but has a very different mean r f 1 ti ing also we have no evidence that there was a city of Nazareth for 100 years after Christ But we have so far only the becginning of sorrow I am coming to such blunder of the early Christians as to cause salaried clergy and their unsuspected dupes to cry with bated breath Hush be quiet Tell it not in Gath In Johns gospel John 742 some of Jesus neighbors are made to object to the idea of him being the Christ in that the Christ should have been born in Bethle hem and the great convincer of the world ar knew not how to clear up the objection Now let us look at this matter a few moments Though Johns gospel was not written until many years after Jesus day yet he knew nothing of his having been born at Bethlehem However he had heard it claimed that the true Christ should have come from there Yet he treats the subject nil the way through as If Jesus nativity was confined to Gallllee as If he did not have to be born at Bethlehem to be the true Christ He makes out as if this objection was fired right Into Jesus teeth and that Jesus made no attempt to refute it Now If Jesus really had been born at Bethlehem would not his neigh bors have known Itt If however it were true and they did not know it was It not Jesus place right then and there to cor rect thiem give them some proof In the matter Would he damn them to all eternit-y for not believing when the evidence was all the other way I am sent as an envoy to a foreign country my message Is of great Importance Its Importance is In finite some to whom I nm sent reject me because my credentials aro wanting I do nothing to clear up the objections my recording secretary does nothing yet we are told by those that admit the objections are perfectly legitimate If true that tho objectors ought to be damned for their rejecting Is If not plain that tho birth of Jesus at Bethlehem was fixed up long years after after It was really forgotten Just where he was born But the end Is not yet Luke con cludes to make Jesus home In Nazareth to fulfill one prophecy and born In Beth lehem to fulfill another and to go to Naz areth to fulfill the other Now we come to the great blunder of Luke that wrecks his gospel forever In the minds of all reasonable people that Investigate Making Joseph and Marys home at Nazareth Luke invents some excuse for Mary to go to 1Bethlehem that Jesus might be born there Ho reads In some history about the pear pIe being taxed In those days while Cyre nlus was not governor until about nine or ten years after Herod was dead See Josephus Ant bk 17 ch 13 and bk 18 ch while both he and Matthew make out that Jesus was born during Herods life iii1I1iII i111 I hi1PTtil J S r t j i4 BLUE GRASS BLADE time Now this taxing business taxes tho brains of our Christian friends to the ute most The best and wisest of them admit that It Is Impossible to remove the diffi culty The best answer I ever saw made of it was Religious subjects are beyond the pale of argumentation What must we conclude from this blunder First Luke was not inspired Second He was writing a long time after the event Third He was probably some gentile perhaps a Greek unacquainted with both Jewish and Roman history There sprang up over the Christian world some forty or fifty gospels all in some particulars similar to our form In other particulars contradicting the four as well as contradicting one another They were all written by votaries of the Chris expressionIOur Christian friends now contend that they were spurious and written In the second century excepting our four which they say are genuine reallywritten by the Apostles Now one of these socalled spurious gospels the gospel of the Nativity of Mary says that Mary went to Bethlehem prior to the birth of Jesus because her mother lived there and she wanted her mothers presence during that account whensoever It may have been written was not counted of historical authority on the birth of Jesus by the Christians in general A little matter like this touching the reason for the visit to Bethlehem signifying nothing regarding any doctrine when once considered historical would never be set aside for another So we may conclude that all the pretended historyof the Bethlehem birth is an in vention But our Christian friend comes f forward and says There may bo some way we know not of to clear up this taxing blunder the gos pel writers have every mark of sincerity and In every way Indicate truthfulness But he could with as much propriety make the same remarks regarding any of tho spurious gospel writers which ho Is certain are forgeries The early Christians were the greatest forgers and falsifiers this earth has ever had Infidels are not responsible for this charge history Itself forces It upon us Besides this can It be supposed that a god of all wisdom would leave a message containing prima facia blunders and then damn me to all eternity because I do not believe it on a guess that there might be some way to clear up the error beyond the vision of any living examination It has been shown that every quotation of the New Testament from the Old claiming to be a prophecy of Jesus In like manner falls to the ground To be continued Omnipotent Justice Reversed I Mock Trial of Eve in HeavenIngersoll Appears as Counsel For the Plaintiff and Scores Another Victory By John F Clarke SCENECOURT OF HEAVEN TIME 1905 A D DRAMATIS PERSONAEGOD J 0 ADAM EVE SNAKE ANGELS OF FLAMING SWORDS INGERSOLL OTHER AN GELS MULTITUDE ETC GOD The Court of Heavenly Justice Is now open for business Bailiff call the first case on the docket BAIFIFF Your Worships the case of Eve v the Serpent alias Satan GOD Is the plaintiff represented by Aye Your Worships the In fidel lawyer Ingersoll appears In her be Who represents the universe BAILIFF Tho Holy Jeoffrey late of Gentlemen proceed INGERSOLL God I fear Your Wore ship is disqualified to preside at this trial as you have been the accusor of this woo man Eve GOD Being omnipotent and omniscient I fall to take the hint and if the point is pressed the counsel for the plaintiff will be adjudged in contempt of Court INGERSOLL I note an exception and smell a mice God I will now proceed to outline the case and ask for a reversal of your preconceived and hasty Judgment pronounced against this woman Eve In tho Primal Disobedience Case The inspired historian says The serpent tempted Eve and Eve gave the apple to Adam and he did ent thereof I wish to state that the serpent actually plucked the apple and used his hypnotic Influence to make her take It from him Also God In taking the rib from Adam you took tho curious rib and Invested Eve with a preponderence of curiosity Now do you wish to charge her with the fault of your own negligence This I Infer Is an unGodly act and flects adversely upon yourself JEOFFERY Glorious Judge I protest against this mans insinuations and sus picions expressed against tho Only Just Judge excepting myself INGERSOLLGod I protest against the sallow wit of the Heavenly Counsellor Insinuate Does the learned punster ap ply this low pun to my client Inslnu ate She had absolutely no idea of sin as she ate All the apples of Eden were f crab apples save this one Paradise Apple The Serpent saw Eve eating the crab apples and noticed the effect of the taste of the same and chivalrously came to her assistance and told her that a sweet apple was preferable to a sour one My client has lain for years under the malicious and false charge of having taken the ple when it was the serpent that stole that apple that made her wise He played upon tho Intent curiosity that God im planted in her system and now out Was it a chivalrous thing on Gods part to pun ish the woman in the case and vent His spite upon His own conception of frailty Why made Ho a weaker vessel Was not this a defeat In creation JEOFFREYI appeal to the omnlpo tency of The Great I am to restrain the plaintiffs advocate from criticizing the acts and Judgment of God Tho plea as made makes God responsible for his clients faults It is a dlslngenious plea and puts the foot of ridicule upon the neck ofsublime Tumultuous applause from the Saint Apostles and Patriarchs INGERSOLL I scorn tho insinuation that I am the embodiment of ridicule with my foot upon the neck of a sublime God Why this picture would mean that ridicule is superior to sublimity I now ask that Satan be called to the witness stand INGERSOLL Satan when you essayed the role of The Scprept in the Eden Case did you not pluck the apple of the Tree of Knowledge and pass It to Eve t SATAN I switched It off with my tall and urged her with my forked tongue to oat and promised her immunity against sudden death and fulfilled my promise to the letter JEOFFREY My Lord this is rank sacrilege and blasphemy SATAN Nothing extenuates like TruthJEOFFREY The greater tho truth tho greater the libel SATAN Tho plain remedy Is never monkey with falsehood An ounce of prevention Is with a pound of remedy A ruptured truth Is difficult to repair JEOFFREY Nothing Is impossible with God Applause from the sanctified SATAN Except to pass sophistry for logic with experts INGERSOLL If tha learned councel lor Is through with his crossexamination and lIe appears more than desirous of information I will call Adam to the standINGERSOLL Adam did not you prom ise to cherish and comfort Eve and In distress to aid her y 0 41 I f T BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 ADAM Yea verily INGERSOLL Why then instead of shielding her did you put the blame upon her and say the woman Thou gavest me did tempt me and I did eat t ADAM I was up against it and I needed an excuse- INGERSOLL Did you sea Eve pluck the applet ADAM No I was not present when the apple was taken from the tree INGERSOLL How did the apple taste ADAM Damflne I beg pardonbully INGERSOLL Who told God on you t ADAM Ho saw the core on the grass and that gave us away INGERSOLL What happened ADAM The Angels evicted us with flaming swords- INGERSOLL Did not the filming swords scorch tne Angels feathers t ADAM I hope so but was too busy to set up and take notice INGERSOLL How long did you live after that event- JEOPFREY I object to that question as being irrelevant and irreverent INGERSOLL The Bible states the mat ter Is that irrelevant and irreverent t JEOFFREY If you know the Bible so well what does the Lords Prayer say t INGERSOLL GIve us this day our dally graft and deliver us from Jeoffrey JEOFPREY You are an Infidel INGERSOLL My orthodoxy is not in dispute as your decisions were Adam did Evo shoulder the blame to shield you Honor bright now ADAM I believe that she did INGERSOLL God I claim that Eve was but a victim of circumstances She was but an unsoplisticatcd rib of a Godmade simpleton a factor and part of man She put her frail person before Adam to protect her natural protector thus reversing the status She was the least guilty of the combine She was bravo where cowardice was the prevail ing sentiment and where chivalry was at a low ebb She shamed the Devil God Adam and tho gallant angels and I ask for justice at this late JEOFFREY God thy spoken word stands eternal as the hills yesterday today and to morrow else thou were not God If thou approvcst a wrong the wrong becomes a right Thy hand has been to this plow lo these many years and it is too late to unsay that which has been time honored and ven erated of the ages I demand the verdict the just verdictbe not tampered withI L GOD Gentlemen Saints and Angels I was but a young and foolish God in the days of Adam and was guilty of many mistakes yea all the Mistakes of Moses was I guilty of and I acquit Eve of all blame and she is welcome to the whole crops of knowledge apples It had been well that I partaken largely of that fruit Instead I fattened upon flattery and while I made man of clay man in time made a monkey of me My former decree in this case is reversed DAVES LETTERS TO HIS DEAR HEAVENLY FATHER Copyrighted by Franklin H Heald 1908 My dear heavenly fatherwere you realy a gost when you got acquainted with Mary Christ or was her name Christ be fore she married her old uncle Joseph Christ t Papa has a picture of you and Mary taken the first time you met but it is not the picture of a gost at all but of a flashy young dude wearing an epod Is it meant for an epod or a nltegown t Is it longer than Davids was t Mary looks affuly ashamed in the picture It Is dark in the picture but there Is a long streak of lite coming out of your hand which hits Mary on the back and makes the room lite Papa has another picture taken by another man at the same time but they dont look a bit like the same people It is called the Annunchlashun Papa Is making a collection of all tho Annunchlashun pictures he can get What does Annun chlashun mean Is it sacred Our Sunday school teacher dont say she never has been Annunchlated Joe has when he got religion or at least he thinks so but ho gets his big words all mlxxed up which makes it worse than it was before and I never can tell for shure what Joe has done by what ho says In this last picture you have on an epod that comes clear down past your feet also Wings and are flying in at the doro and there are 16 little babys flying in thru tho transum You look like a shure enuf gost in this pic ture and Mary is sacred in the picture I gess she thinks you are all gosts and are after her There is a white dove goste rite Is one of them Jesus You look more like over her head that Is afire and makes the hole room light I dont think it is a stable It looks like the harness room of a stable but I never saw a stable doro with a transum Is the dove yours t Is it a heavenly dove Do Doves go to heaven the same as mules and horses and dogs t Do horses and Burros and dogs turn white there the same as darkeys and doves do t What all kind of things go to heaven t Do they all turn white there Do they all wash Ih the blood of Jesus t If I conclude to go there may I wash In the water I am white now Is there any fish in the river of life t Papa says he thinks there is lots of suckers but I dont care much for suckers They blgyht well enuf but are not hardly worth the bother They dont no as much as lobsters and not half as good to eat In haste DAVE WARNING TO THE PRIESTHOOD By J H Vincent When all this universe was laid All things were good that God bad made When did he ever change his will And all things with corruption fill t The bible says all things were good And Adam in nis Image stood While he in deepest slumber laid From his rib his spouse was made The serpent came from whence or where Did God this evil prepare Was it his will the serpent lied Or in the garden he should hide t Who gave him power or employ The human soul to ere destroy Or who was father of the thought The soul should be with ransom bought Was it the righteous will and plan The serpent bring this curse on man f Is he not then his servant too And serves him better far than you t Did blood of coats appease the gods Or human blood that drenched the sod t Oh priesthood why sell watered stocks On heaven to your confiding flocks When life shall end then who will pay For worthless stocks you sell today Will God receive at heavens gate This watered stock for new estate Oh fatted priests have you no shame Why don the frocks or take tho name Was honest toll your fear and dread That from the field of toll you fled t How can you pay this debt you owe For all this seed of sin you sow Then from the brain shake off the rust Ere you are laid beneath the dust Throw off the mask and all disguise From neath the sod youll never rise Neer sell your blessings or your prayers To simple folks that you can scare For with tho lips you cannot bless For no such power do men posses For natures law you cannot change Are not your blessings void and vain This world is growing far too wise You cannot hide your base disguise Retract the fraud your tongue has said Before youre numbered with tho dead t By working altogether we can ac complish results quicker and easier than by trying to play a lone hand J r 8t 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE Mistakes ofJ Oliver Lodge Article Refused Publication by the Chicago Examiner Which Takes the English Scientist to Task By Otto Wettstein Wo have all heard of the Mistakes of Moses of the breaks of great artists of the foolishness of the wise etc to these must now be added the unreasonable logic of the great Sir Oliver Lodge in his desperate effort to place the doctrine of Immortality upon a basis of science and reason In his article Is The Soul Immortal I published in the Sunday Examiner ho says No really existing thing perishes but only changes its form What arc the facts t Aggregations or forms of matter constitute ull existing things The matter assembled in a rosebud when dispersed survives but tlie rose that once has blown forever dies The matter composing a fowl when devoured persists but the bird has vanished forever So when man is cremated his constituets are served bub the form or organic structure which was tho man exists no more There are no eternal forms of matter Man is a transient form of matter hence not eternal- Natures modes of procedure are like a child playing with a thousand blocks It builds a house It has created nothing but simply assembled preexisting material into a new form It knocks the house over and builds a bridge with same material Where then is the house It knocks over the bridge and both house and bridge have vanished is a watch It is composed of case frame springs wheels lever dial hands etc When these parts are properly assembled the spring wound up the watch manifests activity which is a function of the watch Here is a man lie is composed of bony structure flesh blood arteries muscles or gans nervous system brain etc When all these parts arc properly assembled when the blood circulates the lungs respire food assimulates etc these combined dynamic ac tivities generate physical functionsmind- and consciousness In the absence of the material which is in the watch it cannot exist and of course its functions cannot be operative They are i cause and effect In tho absence of the complex organic structure man can not exist and his personal attributes and functionslife mind sensa tion etc are of course impossible also Mans living physical body is the basis of his physical functions They are cause and effect The material is a necessity to produce a watch which can measure time and the physical structure is a necessity to produce a man who can think and reason We cannot conceive of a watch in the sence of its parts or material we can not conceive of a manor soulor spirit In the absence of flesh blood and bones This we know It is a selfevident fact and there is and can be no dispute about it There is a soul or splritso they say What is it composed oft What gives it the identical outline of a man once living but now cremated t Whats inside of it to give it form and functions t What produces its life without circulatory system its form with out flesh and blood its sensation without nervous system its sight without eyes and its intelligence without a brain What is a soul or spirit t Spiritists in and out of the church cannot answer An intelligent solution to this most important problem to believers has never been forthcoming from priest preacher theosophist or spiritualist Spirits or souls of th deadmillions of which are said to hover around us at all timesper sistently refuse to demonstrate their presence to men of science and sincere and anxious investigators When you put your finger on them theylike the Irishmans fleearc not Society of Psychical Research composed largely of bred and born Christian Spiri tists and who lik Ella Wheeler Wilcox Would sooner go begging bread than give up their belief in immortal life are preju diced and utterly incompetent to act as ju rors in the case They have flooded the world with literature relating innumerable phenomena which they insist cannot be explained on any other basis but at the nine time sadly ignoring the necessity of placing this spirit entity upon a rational basis first They have not told what souls or spirits arc Wo gain nothing by positing a soul or spirit inside of the organic structure of man explain his mental functions or mind because as I hove saia we know absolutely nothing concerning a soul or spirit It evades telescope And microscope the crucible and scalpel most intelligent physicians arc materialists as effectually as most profound intellectual research Yet spiritists and the church are content to explain 2 with this phantasmagoriathis airy nothing sup posed to bo a counterpart of manthe psychi cal functions of man and his personal exist ence during eternity That the majority of human beings cling to this belief inherited from and taught them as authoritative by their parents and iltd i i teachers in home school and church and which also flatters their vanity by promises of eternal bliss is not at all strange but that noted scientists of both the U S and Europe should squander years of time a largo endowment fund and in a half a century shed not a solitary ray of light upon this vital subject or produce a solitary soul or spirit in open court to satisfy the longing of humanity for proof of such existence this is very strange indeed and can only be explained on the ground that evidence of such decarnate souls or spirits has not been produced PARSON AND COPPER There Is a saying to the effect that some men are born great some acquire greatness and others have greatness thrust upon them If a poor devil should miss either of the alternatives he is In a hole so far as greatness Is concerned Of course a man may take a chance and failing to reach what is wanted he can do something that will cause attention There are some ani mals that compel atentlon and the sort of attention most men do not want To re ceive attention however doea not signify greatness although many are apt to found the two Reports coming from n little town named St John in far off Oregon state that n young and fledgling preacher finding the pulpit to be conductive to ennui and seeking a little attention has volunteered to serve as a night policeman for the purpose of en forcing a respect for and an obedience of the law without pay The township trus tees accepted the proffered assistance and now the parson gaily struts the town clad in a blue uniform with a metal star pinned on his breast and a club in his hand How is that for brotherly love t Fancy a servant of the Prince of Peace swatting a toper on the head with the club and then pointing to his badge as an emblem of au thority We can Imagine him chasing the demimonde and the burglar fleeing in alarm at his approach There is no doubt but what he would be able to put up a good kind of a scrap if he should be called upon to do so as It is said that he is on athletic young follow and took a prominent part In the college games To pump Jesus Into a man or woman with a club is an oldfashioned remedy with Christians for unbelief I would seem that the demands of civilization would have called for a better showing oven In Oregon but when faith lags there must be some thing doing Doubtless this preacher never thought of the fact that he was keep ing another man out of a job by serving as a copper without pay Just for the glorious privilege of disporting himself in a blue uniform and to be able to carry a club as on emblem of sanctified authority i Jr t tc BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 IINNHHHNNNHNNNNNH HHNNNNNNHHNNH I A = Current Comment on Public Events 1 PIETY AND POLITICS When tho bible fails to satisfactorily fur nish u person with a text upon which to discourse in an attractive manner ho reverts to politics und the result is a most abject miserable failure The majority of parsons know no more concerning social problems than their regard for the seventh commandment In a recent sermon Rev Charles E Jef ferson pastor of tho Broadway Christian Tab ernacle New York denounced Roosevelt his cabinet and supporters for what he terms their rank militarism and argues that such u policy was unknown practically un heard of in America until the Roosevelt regime began Jit other words the claim is made that the hero of San Juan Hill Col onel Commanding the regiment of Rough- Riders tho man on the horse and ho of tho big stick introduced tho issue of militarism in tho United Stated and that ho is altogether responsible for such a policy now before tho American people There is considerable of truth in what tho reverend gentleman has to say on this all important political subject but it conies with bad grace from a man in his position Only as the Christian church including its every denomination becomes Americanized in the full sense of that term which is the equiva lent for being somewhat civilized has it drawn away front militarism aa a special means of propaganda Were it not for tho militarism of the church in tho past it would not bo where it is today and would be plod ding struggling for recognition along with older and better systems of faith Only for tho murderous policy of Constantine con tinued by Charlemagne the brutality of the several popes in authority the wholesale massacre of unbelievers tho massacre at Batholomew tho crusades tho bloody wars iu India the Crimea tho persecution of the Ilugcuots tho terrible and murderous re prisals of tho different religious factions cupying tho throne of Great Britain would the Christian church be in a begging sub servient condition and it docs look as if some kind of a Daniel had come to judgment when a Christian parson will undertake to denounce a government because of its tend ency toward militarism No fault is found with this reverend gentle men because ho condemns this modern po litical expedient As n matter of fact it ought to bo condemned Wars of conquest ought never to bo indulged in Wars of de tense may become u necessity Militarism has no place iu the American form of government lu this article we simply point to the incur sisteucy and insist that the church should first purge itself of its own crimes and butcheries before upbraiding governmental in stitutions Just us often us pulpiteers take up political issues us themes for bunday mons bo do they betray lack of knowledge upon these subjects and a dense ignorance of their own history THE CHURCH AND DARWIN While condemning tho modern methods of almsgiving by the Carnegies and the Rocke- fellers on the ground that they are simply seeking notoriety Rev John J Ulcnuon archbishop of St Louis turns aside from the primal subject of his discussion to take a whack at the systems of instruction obtain ing in our public schools and universities For tho purpose of this discussion we caro not for his remarks anent tho modern philanthro pist Systems of organized charity are always open to suspicion more or less and wo prefer at this time to deal more cifically with what tho prelate had to say about tho teachings of Darwin and Spencer The newspaper accounts quote him as saying And I say my friends that the philosophy taught in your schools and universities today is just us brutal as it is repugnant This philosophy of evolution emanating from the brain of Darwin and Spencer makes for bru tality and retards progress What is the use of struggling if there is nothing to be at tained Where is there an appearance of charity in this system t Tho strong succeed and the weak perish Brutal and repugnant To what and against what t Is it possible that truth can be brutal and repugnant t To tho church YES To humanity No It is the church only that rails against intellectual progress for in thiii they can sec the finish of the church V1iu a piefefscr of faith under take to say that the drctrine of evolution irrespective of the train fion which it emanates makes for brutality and retards prog ress ho is either stating what ho knows to bo false and docs so with the special intent and purpose to deceive or as un only alter native he does not understand the nature and character of tho subpcct upon which ho es says to speak As a matter of fact tho doc trine of evolution makes for nothing It is simply an unfolding of the events in natural history demonstrating the precise order and r succession of these events Instead of re tarding progress evolution explains how all progress has been made and this too in spite of the church The old cry of nothing to be attained if evolution be true and what is the use of the struggle comes too late in this day and generation A century ago it might have hud its effect Today it is im potent Alan struggles that he may extract all the good there is to be found in life and living Succeeding he acquires happiness growing out of content If this Is not enough he ought not to be here Admitting that tho strong succeeds and the weak perish the rev erend gentleman admits the truth of evolu tion for it is only by this incessant conflict that any progress has been made If this is tho plan of his god he makes him a worse brute than he claims for evolution As a fact in evolution it could not bo otherwise and all the ravings prayers indulgences masses and piteous cries of the St Louis arch bishop cannot alter it CHANGE OF GRAFT It is reported from Macon Missouri that a reformed gambler has taken to preaching Simply a change in the furor of graft In the old days ho tried to get something for noth ing lie sought to extract money from other people by indulging in a game of chance Continued practice made him an adept at tho business In his new profession he is still trying to get something for nothing lie mands coin for his services and has nothing to offer in return therefor True ho will talk about hell and heaven but in tho light of modern science these tire not realities merely llctiouary and unreal Offering protection against the one and suggesting some sort of a guarantee for the other ho knows that ho cannot fulfill his part of the contract and in this respect his new profession is no more respectable than tho old It is still a game of chance Even admitting his foreordination and predestination what guarantee can any preacher give concerning either place of sup posed future existence Absolutely none Then is ho not still a gambler Docs ho not gamble in futures with the prospect of gaining all tho cash staked and losing nothing If ho was a fourflusher at the old game is ho not trying to work through on a bluff as a preacher Wo cheerfully admit that or thodoxy will clothe his now game with an nir of respectability which he could never obtain as a professional card sharp but tho change is no improvement and humanity has gained nothing by reason of tho experiment Mrs Henrys article on Bible Re vision is ready for mailing in pamphlet form Ten cents each Ifr41jif1Jfe va i i f p p 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Editor and PublUhe 1268 N Limestone St Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 160 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remit tance 110 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months b Trial subscriptions opinot Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six month 600 one year 800 Quarter column single one Insertion 200 one month tOO six months 2000 one yea 3000 Half column whole column or adver tisements at special rates upon application The have the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term fa hh The subscription address slip has on erha ui will show subscribers the date ot expiratior of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal In case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or address advise this office giving both old THE and OFFICE new dr publication rg1 the Blade Is at 128128 North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers wit be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is entered at the Postomce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass Ing matter- ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P O Box Lexington Ky X YA iBditoltial I THINKERS ARE NOT WANTED The church does not want think ers This is not an assertion made by any Freethought writer or advocate but it comes direct from the church itself It is therefore entitled to serious con sideration Despite long centuries of civiliza tion and the practical lessons of Hu manity the church is still in savagery The scintillations of brightening thought the quickening impulse is not to be tolerated by the church and all the thinkers the men of independ ence and honesty are placed under the ban of excommunication numwherein clergymen of long standing have been dismissed from the church and forbidden to preach because of alleged heresy There is still another This time the scene is laid in St Paul Minnesota and the Rev Robert II Cotton on the charge of having clared that the virgin birth and resur rection of Jesus were but fairy tales and refusing to retract or re cant he has surrendered his right to preach according to the Episcopa creed and the Bishop of Minnesota has denied him further license so to do It is reported that Rev Cotton was for many years pastor of St Pauls church and had held other important Episcopal charges The denial of a license by his bishop to preach in Minnesota means his expulsion from the church because he will be denied the right to preach elsewhere And so the church does not want faith consists of a passive obe dience to ecclesiastical authority Tin greater the readiness and willingness to obey the higher the orthodox vir tue The spirit of puritanical thought is ever and always intolerant It cat brook no interference with privilege it wants no opposition Within its dreary desert there is not one bright intellectual spot and should one ap pear bold enough to paint a true pic ture of human life he is denounced as- a heretic and thrust from the fold Thought is fatal to orthodoxy The moment thought begins faith stops The church realizes all this and for this reason she discourages independent thinking among the masses Upon being notified of his expulsion from the pulpit Rev Cotton is re ported to have said I expect to be excommunicated though it is hard The church docs not want thinkers Word has gone forth that ministers of advanced thought and progressiveness arc barredObserve that Dr Cotton asserts that word has gone forth From whom and by whom As an occupant of an Episcopal pulpit it is to be as sumed that he knows whereof he speaks Upon his authority all min isters of advanced thought and pro gressiveness are to be henceforth barred And what if they are Will not the expulsion result in greacr freedom for the expelled There is room on the outside of the church for every man of humanitarian ideas They ara not wanted on the inside The word has gone forth and the church does not want thinkers But of what great crime has Dr Cotton been guilty What has he taught that should merit him such a fate Read The only heresy of which I am guilty is no heresy For years I have reasoned with myself and I know now and teach that the doctrines of the virgin birth and the resurrection are not true- Thousands of others know that the virgin birth and the resurrection are not true and many of them are still occupying pulpits but they lack the moral courage displayed by Dr Cot ton and are afraid to say so The heart of a brave man never hides be hind the cowardly superfices of policy or expediency An honest man can not deceivd for the lie blooms only on coward lips Public opinion should bo rightfully treated with a po lite contempt for selfrespect is dearer than life though dowered with a monarchs sceptre and all the wealth of Ormus and Ind People who are unable to find a supreme happiness here on earth begin to look for it in some fancied heaven and from this class orthodoxy finds its greatest sup port Through the long centuries kings and cynics have perished but in the great glory of modern intellectual light he that butchered thousands to glut his greed for what fools call glory shines less brightly through the murky shadows of time than he who succeeded in making a nobler conquest of himself Dr Cotton has made such a conquest Truth has again triumphed over superstition He IHS left the church in time Lizards will soon sleep upon their broken thrones the owls will hoot from their forgotten altars and then human life hallowed by the perfume of love and made gracious by noble deeds will triumph over all phases of supersti tion and creeds A HELL OF A JOKE Through the fancied sanctity of some Christian fanatic the street cars and electric interurban cars plying in and about Lexington have contained a printed advertisement of a decided orthodox character At frequent in tervals the cards are changed but all contain the same coloring and are ex pected to induce men and women up on reading them to reflect upon hells torments heavens bribes and the prospect of bliss or blisters in the world to come Only a few days since we were riding on one of these interurban cars between Lexington and Versailles Directly across the aisle on the other j tf d tIfIJ I r tiJr BLUE GRASS BLADE jI 9 side of the car were three men seated together apparently business men or commercial travelers Immediately in front of them were two Episcopal clergymen who had been to Lexington in attendance upon a diocesan meeting and were returning to their re spective homes supposedly Ordinar ily such fellow passengers would have attracted but little atention but the events transpiring compelled notice Being alone and partially en grossed in reading Hacckels Berlin lectures we were suddenly startled by hearing the rather profane exclama tion ofAint that nhenof a joko What damned crank would pay for putting things like that up in a street car Case of more money than sense Bet you a ten that not one in a hundredreads em This conversation naturally attracted attention No attempt was made to carry on the discussion in a low tone of voice and every passenger in the car could distinctly hear what was said This included the two Episcopal clergymen mentioned above Wondering as to the cause of these profan ations and what that hell of a joke could be our gaze wad directed to wards the advertising cards just above the window and almosti immediately above our head There we saw and we understood The card was of the usual variety The first line read Sirs what must I do to be saved Following this came three new testament quotations which told those who had the patience to read that they must believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and above all be baptized And that Christ was the life and the way etc The horsetalk concerning the card continued for fully fifteen minutes and yet in spite of their compulsory hearing these preachers had not ttlio moral courage to say one word in defense of their creed to ex plain the texts quoted nor did they even take these three sinners to task for their remarks concerning it To all intents as far as appearance went they were ashamed of their call went they were asamed of their call ing when in contact with the great world but would be all hunkeydory when surrounded by the penitent faithful In the old days a preacher would have rushed to the defense of his dear Lord but in these days they give him a mere lip service the hearts best impulse being in another direc tion Confident of the holy truth in their possession satisfied with the iiffL t fi n I Kr fmr jrl ili power of saving grace it was the clear duty of these preachers to have re proved these business men for their jocular treatment of a socalledsacred subject But they sat as mum as a clam showing no more moral backbone than a bananna or a tub of butter in summer It was fun to the Blades editor and great fun It made a little di duringthoreflection It pointed to the fact that the orthodox religion has lost its power and influence over the great masses of our people and instead of filling the mind with dread torments regllldtheHell of a joke- PROBLEMS OF SEX During the past decade a number of persons men and women who have attempted to offer a solution of the great and pressing problems involv ing marriage divorce and maintenance have been brought into public notori ety by reason of persistent governmen tal prosecutions and yet from dif ferent an numerous quarters there comes in some form or another an on slaught upon existing systems which must ultimately result in a further discussion of the question Many of our readers will be aware of the fact that in the far west a true and noble woman has not merely con ceived butt actually put in operation an institution known as the Mother love Home which is designed to bring about a change in the conditions surrounding issue born in or out of wedlock While upon the same order and yet not having precisely the same object in view we ore reminded of the Nursery and Childs Hospital in New York another institution where young girls may find protection in the time of need This was origin ated by Mrs Dubois and a number of her women colaborers and it has now developed into a gigantic institution under the practical control of the socie ty for charities and corrections Word now comes from Berlin that Ellen Key an eminent Swedish woman is preaching an equally radical meth od of sex in which the marriage system is to be practically abolished So intense has been her argument that the German savants have been com pelled to take notice and the foreign news associations have carried the item as being of especial interest to the worlds thinkers upon social prob 1 i 1 IstitutionIS fitting that a word of explanation should bcmade- Sturting out with the plain and truthfulproposition that the most ex treme ideas of today become the reason of tomorrow Ellen Key offers a plea for Motherhood and declare that no woman under any circum stance on condition can be immoral who simply obeys the vital instinct that impels her toward Motherhood Her explanation to this is that what ever immorality accrues will come from or be based upon responsibility This advocate of sex reform would even reintroduce universally the old Swedish custom known as legal be trothal which she considers the more commieudable because the conditions of modern life so frequently prohibit the marriage of two persons who feel attracted toward each other In le gal betrothal the two contracting parties sign a document pledging themselves in the presence of two wit nesses the children of such a betrothal have the same claim on both parents they have on a legal marriage while the contracting parties retain their full freedom This betrothal contract however guarantees to the mother all rights of educating the children Sho demands further that just as men devote one or two years of their early life to the service of the State in the army and navy women shall be required to devote one of their early years to training and education in household duties and in the care of children She also proposes that wherever necessary the State or theecomnmnity shall provide mothers with the means to devote themselves to their children for the first three years of the offsprings lives and that the fathers shall be taxed profgressively for each child until it has reached the age of 18 There is much to demand attention both in the movement originated by Helen II Philbrick in Los Angeles and in that suggested by Ellen Key in Sweden and Germany True indeedI motherhood is worshipped in art in literature and in religion In the real world this world in which we live and work motherhood under certain conditions is disdained fre quently leading to insanity suicide and death While deifying its own illegitimately begotten mangod and making Jtho mother an object of worship the r t rIr I I y BLUE GRASS BLADE brandIupon done likewise To this extent is th orthodox religion priestridden an priestcursed responsible for a large portion of the suffering the cruelty the torture and agony wrought by modern society AN ENGINE OF PROPAGANDA exceptionallyWhat does this mean It is possible that the era of strug gle doubt and depression is passing away and the period of progress and advancement has set in Let us hope such is the case and if encouragoitMany friends write us that they like the tone of the paper that its articles show a decided improvement that they look for and enjoy its weekly ar rival at their homes Some send in new subscribers some climaxtGeorge O Roberts of Ohio sent in a club of seventeen new subscribers all paid up in advance for one year forjitReadn column and the secret will bo given 4you After reading that letter you might expediently resort to a similar plan Such gatherings are always whenEthe glories of the occasion are enhanced The Blades ultimate success de pends not so much upon the editor the manager or the publisher It de ACTIVEBRIGADE time and labor in its behalf The edi thefewrun for them The types must be set cannotbesuffers AQTIVErIf not why not7I andjis before you 1r L ABOUT SCHOLARSHIPS publishedd a of thathoarship in the Correspondence School and if unable to enjoy the benefits thereof himself he would donate it to woullikethe system suggested and to the fur HMialthoughbeing obtainedfrombenefit upon him Of course made the donation ftljr Fisk is writtenhimchopsing1heand it opens up an avenue whereby prosperous Freethinkers can help the school and at the same time render an humanityend another Freethinker That also means another substantial foe against priestcraft and superstition It also means an enemy based on educational anidolatryopportunitiesthese facts are presented with a view to directing closer attention to them havehadschool from an army of interested applicants The prospects are exceedingly fine for the successful opening of the School but present indications suggestthatferred until about September because of the inability to procure the neces sary geological specimens for the use of students in time We would rather delay two months thn open with an incomplete arrangement Our close friends have advised to this end and we accept the point as being a wise course If however the present rate of increase in membership keeps up we shall be able to open by September 1 next with approximately fifty or profitablewith such a number but we shall open none the less in full confidence thatIafter taking one years course every student will demand another year andIwe can add new ones from time to time thus gradually building up to kI fii jJ f i4c the requisite strength to make it a fi nancial as well as propagandic success While the preparations are being made for the successful launching of the School the Blade desires to ex press its hearty thanks at the kindly reception tendered it by the leading publicationstins desire manifested towards Parker H Sercombe editor of Tomorrow Mag azine J Spencer Ellis editor of Secu edigB Lenau editor of Peoples Press Singleton W Davis editor of Humani atrian Review J Howard Cashmere editor of the Balance and others splendidharmonytion that by mutual help the Free thought press can make itself a tremendous power for good in the land By combined efforts more valuable work can be accomplished With such a prospect the Blade would urge upon the Freethinkers who are willing and able to aid the school scholarshipsIftion to take the course of instruction for themselves they would have tho right and privilege of donating the scholarship to some young friend to whom it would prove a benefit and a friends the Blade is doing the best it can with its limited means and looks to you for that hearty support and cooperation that will make for a permanent lasting and a glorious sue cess SELFSERVING TESTIMONY Allowing for all the claims that might be made against him for sensa tionalextravagances Thomas Dixon Jr former preacher now author and playwright presents some startling facts in an arlficlo written by him and published in the Now Broadway Magazine for May The title of his dis course is given in the form of a question serious enough to attract attention namely Is Christianity on the decline On every hand there are abundant signs that morally numerically and even in a theological sense the Christian Church is now upon a rapid decline and is bound to fall into that common fate which came over older religious systems Its pulpit is without sufficient moral force to drive homo an intelligent opinion and the pews have become its absolute master trl t jj i 1i BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 Any minister who adheres strictly to the articles of belief is considered a bore and the sensational busybody sort of a preacher is the one who can draw a crowded house hug attrac tive power is derived from the fact of his preaching a sensational sort ofa gospel as unlike orthodox religion as chalk differs from cheese But the point Mr Dixon has vividly pointed out keepingof increase in population but that it is actually losing ground by failing to retain the children born of parents within the respective denominations In his numerical category no denomin ation is overlooked One would sup pose that the protestant bodies might show a decrease in numerical strength compared with population but it is shown most conclusively that the Roman Catholic church shows the same depreciation in spite of the enormous increase by immigration from all parts somethinginits great cosmopolitan population is the real American furnace in which every conceivable form of religious practicalhumanter religious faith has undoubtedly lost its hold upon humanity and is drifting mord and more toward the center of intellectual progress Taking up Mr Dixons calcula tions his facts upon which he builds his startling conclusions he then says The nominal net increase of membership in the Baptist churches as one instance during the past quarter of a century is so small that it need not be counted It isIless than onefourth the birth of their own membership iThe l Baptists notl only hfavs ifailcd to gain anything from the outsideithey have actually lost of the children born in their own Mbthodists who practice in fant baptism have gained nothing from the outside and lost onehalf the children born within the church The Presbyterians with their great wealth and powerful churches have managed to hold twothirds of their own children without gaining an inch on tho dark mass outside Tho truth is there are fewer Baptists Methodists and Presbyterians in New York today than there were twentyfive years ago i though the citfya population has been more than doubled The rapid extinction of churches of these denominations in Manhattan during the past decade shows this sixtyfourclaimed fortyeight Many of these claims are pitiful absurditiesmere soupkitchensof one or two rich men Onehalf of them represent hopes as yet un fulfilled The same thing is true of the Methodists who reported seventy three churches in 1896 and only claim fiftynine in 1907 The Presbyterians reported seventyone in 1896 and only fiftyseven last year In the year 1840 New York city eighteenhundred we could not find one church to four thousand population counting all our soup kitchens and mission halls as churches When we further consider the fact that many of the churches still re tain on their membership rolls the names of persons who are dead on tho ground that they are justified in so doing because their particular doc trines give them jurisdiction over the next world as well as this and that innumerable infants are counted as SundaySchoolpruning becomes necessary in order to arrive at a fair estimate In an effort to find a cause for all these things Mr Dixon it would seem cannot get clear away from the effect of his early training Being a preacher he is undoubtedly qualified to speak concerning the profession and it is to an insipid ineffective and incapable ministry that he attributes this enormous loss Upon this sub ject he says cThe ministry is largely com posed of men shackled by tradi tions They are enfeebled by the exhaustion ofa life spent in spluttering over trifles and their con sciousness of defeat robs them of taro power of achievement Defeat is for him who acknowledges it disgrace for him who accepts itJ Many of our preachers have ac knowledged defeat and tho dumb misery of the sense of failure devi talizes their efforts BOOK REVIEW SIDEREAL SIDELIGHTS It has been well said that variety isrthe spice of life and from a perusal of the interesting pages of Sidereal Sidelights a Medley of DawnThoughts by Charles L z Brewer It is evident that the author lieved and wrote on the notion that Varie-ty was also the spice of progressive literature The Blade is in receipt of a copy through the courtesy of The Balance Publishing Co of Denver Colorado publishers and it is well printed in a fascinating style and isFbeing sold for the modest sum of 50 cents It is just what is implied by its nomencla ture namely a medley consisting of both poetry and prose touching upon a number rIprogressIvewith flashes of philosophy and a touch of mysticism which gives a charm to the tthread of its stories The whole is an Im HumanitarianImpulse ment of socalled divinity in the un it must exist within and as a part of Hu manity It Is well worth reading and ought to have a wide circulation No book can please every reader who may glance over its pages but the one now under review is calculated to please the majority of n thinking people and this is a victory in current literature Ingersoll Beacon A Spicy Freethought Monthly at 100 a t year 10 cents a number Edited by William H Maple Devoted to Science Free Thought and the Gospel of Reason and Goou Cheer in con trast with the foolish forms and cringing faiths of NOW Good things in every number INGERSOLL BEACON CO 78 LA SALLE ST CHICAGO Marriage and Divorce by JOSEPHINE K HENRY VERSAILLES KENTUCKY Thousands of copies ot this uptodate pamphlet are now in circulation in the United States and England It treats in forcible style of the most Important prob lem before the American people It should be read by both married and single by all men and women who desire domestic promptly filled by the author Copy 25 Cents 5 Copies One Dollar 117t12 BLUE GRASS BLADE Why is Christianity Popular If An Answer Can Be Found We Shall Know Why Rationalism Gets The Cold Shoulder By E A Fitch The one thing most surprising and I might say most perplexing to those fully emanci pated from the thralldom of theological su perstition is why so many seemingly intelli gent people are either indifferent or else cling tenaciously to the old To tho real Freethinker the contrast tween the natural and the supernatural is so marked and so much to the credit of the natural as to cause wonder and surprise that any considerable number of people could be found that would discard the real and be satisfied with a shadow In tho full blaze of the Sciences Astronomy Geology and Biology and after the advent of these great apostles Huxley and Tyndal and Haeckel and Herbert Spencer Now anyone with a modicum cf observation and reason could still bo a devotee to tho ghosts and goblins of ingnorance and barbarism is tho marvel of marvels It is manhood enamored of the twilight fairy tales Ftolmaic Astron only after tho demonstrations of Copernicus sun and stars revolving around tho earth after Galilees great though Heretical dis covery fifth century ideals projecting their shadow athwart tho hozizon of tho twentieth lies mysticism and superstition a stronger hold and a greater charm than the sensible and sublime truths of Science So it seems at least for comparatively tho number is small of those who are fain to stand in tho clear white light of knowledge All honor to that noble few Tin praised and petted majority are only wiiing to nil that the earth is a little roundish and they tell you half confidentially that if you destroy belief in tho infallible book and faith in tho theological God you let people down and the direst consequences will follow This too in tho faco of the plainest fact thatalmost every enbezzler defalter and even murderer is so far as belief goes Christian Horace Greeley once declared that ho did riot say every democrat was a hone thief but he did say that every iirtian was a criminal but it must be niiittcd by every lairmindvd and intelligent observer that great transgressors are almost invariable theoretical Christians more often perhaps Roman Catholic Gillet lately executed for tho murder of Grace Jlrown is an example It Is a very rare Hiing an exceedingly rare thing to find a criminal that is a rationalist or Freethinker Humanitarianism is their distinguishing char acteristic Blood atonement finds no favor in thier codo of belief It is a barbarism to be discarded Equally fallacious and de moralizing is the Christian contention that war and twiiiijii are the notTSsary promoters of Individual or national advancement Pca e has her victories not less renowned than war Sherman said war was hell and Freethinkers almost to a man agree with him Legalized slaughter is honorable A thousand Thus saith tho Lord cannot make it otherwise War has been tho handmaid of Christianity down through tho ages It is blood atonement nationalized Tho Romish church grants indulgences The Protestant if it does not grant in dulgences teaches and proclaim that There is a fountain filled with blood Drawn from Immanuels veins Andsinners plunged beneath that flood Lose all their guilty stains And it is not hero the explanation and the answer to out query Instead of letting people down Rationalism holds them up n higher standard titan popular theological Christianity II proffers no patent medicine cureall for crime or the criminal natures Laws including the moral aro inexorable and no fictitious atonement no mysti cal anesthetic administered by priest or pope can absolve the transgressor or blot out tho results of hiJ evildoing much less can any blood of tho innocent wash all his guilt away For two thousand years Christianity has been preaching and teaching its doctrinu of blood atonement and tho remission of sins and with what results r Not much account is made of natural crimes theft robbery murder etc etc It is tho crime against the Holy Ghost that can never be forgiven Rationalism enjoins and emphasizes justice and tho humanities kindness to all living things hero and now It believes in making this the higher life And Trough it docs not dazzle the eye and tickle tho car of the reasoning and thoughtless it should bo the lope and joy and satisfaction of all who walk in the light of the bcncficient scientific rationalism REPLY TO FRIEND GALKE Blade Correspondent Takes Up His Ownership Theory and Presents the Other Side By Louis Calais I note that Dennis Leahy in the Blade of April 12th has cracked one of M E Galkes nuts of March 115th and the validity of title to private monopoly of land stems amashot into smithereens We like to crack nuts and those are not very hardshelled In fact they exhibit a certain stage of greenness yet through which u all capitalist nuts must pass before reaching maturity Socialism but ho has given us too many for one feast Dir Galke himself has unconsciously cracked this same nut wide open and exposed its rottenness Ho states It took the savings of years of hard labor as wageslavo on my part to buy a puce of will land from the United States iorcntmiiii1 Here is food for thought How truthfully it portrays a condition of affairs that ought not to to1Jin of the thousands who ale likewise striving for a piece of land and making virtual slaves of themselves Think of tho worry about debt and the dread of that mortgage Think of the toil economy and hardships And if the goal is finally reached old ago and broken health are usually there also Think of the many failures and blasted hopes and of tho fact that it is only because the country new and land cheap that success is possible Consider that as the land increases in value the struggle grows fiercer and fiercer until the landless must remain so And then what of tho r contrast we will postulate a ftate of civilization where every child inherits an equal right to all the resources of nature Where land is as free as water ail and sun shine And why not Wo aro told its Utopian Visionary that we aro dreamers that its too good td bo true too much like heaven etc Well my answer is that this capitalist system has so accustomed you to living in hell that you have grown to believe its your contributes to individual happi ness To be satisfied is to be at peaco with tho world But tho contented slave never struck for liberty and those satisfied with the old never searched for tho new It is the dis contented who make progress The dissatis fied who better human conditions Mr Galko seems to be one of the con tented evidently he is satisfied with present conditions Ho dwells sarcastically on the term wageslave and wants to know how much his wageslave is being robbed Tho exact amount is immaterial And ho may not bo the principal robber But the fact remains that he expects to get more value than he gives or he would not hire Excommissioner of labor Carrol D Wright gave per cent as being labors share of the product I dont know whether Mr Wright is right but wo feel justified in accepting his figures as ho is not a Socialist But dont think that because labor gets only per cent the remainder remains with thy immediate employer This may be true in some instances but often both are alike exploited tho hireling being a servant of ser vants All employers are not capitalists and many are so only in degree To illustrate Tho American farmer is probably tho most favored devotee of agri p aa r- H 1 d 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 culture Yet wo have an abundance of dence showing that ho is fleeced liko his sheep worked liko his horse and robbed liko his bees It is deplorable to bo a slave and not know it Hero are some extracts from Horace Grcelcya definition of slavery- I understand by slavery that condition in which ono human being exists as a venience for other human beings where the relations between servant and served is one not of affection and reciprocal good offices but of authority social servility and de gradation on the other Whenever the ownership of soil is so en grossed by a smaller part of the community that the far larger part are compelled to pay whatever the few may see fit to exast for the privilege of occupying amlcultivating the earth there is something very like slavery Mr Grccley was not a Socialist but was a philosopher and hall reference to what wo term wageslavery Wants More Lecturers NORWALK CONNIn answer to your editorial on the School question My opinion In the matter of your School project Is this that is somewhat prema turo and quite infeasible at this time first on account of Its sudden precipitation on our Freothought friends that the peo ple or a largo per cent have already stud led tho several branches that you propose to teachIn our common schools Second that tho money appropriated for schools would do far greater good If expended In missionary work by placing a good lecturer In tho field or expended In circulating five hundred extra copies of the Blade each month for one year Third we must do more proselyting by circulating our liter ature and lecturing There has been no good lecturer In tho field since Ingersolls death It Is not so much In education that make for Freethought It is our reas oning faculty The great trouble with the majority of the people Is they have not the reasoning or thinking faculty It hav ing been stultified by priestcraft and su perstition A B DENNETT Willing To Help VKVAY IND Find enclosed 100 Please extend my subscription to the Blade ono year from its expiration also send tho Blade to W Johnson ono year I will also send you two names and their addresses on tho one month planIr H BAKES rll 0O w 4G o i0o 4 34u Ifi wyswr s rtw hi40rri460 4r 00 Cbe Rlades Correspondence J Donates to the School PELLA JOWAI have noticed with a great deal of interest your courageous deavors to build up a Correspondence School Considering my sixtythree years of age and my mental infirmities I cannot take scholar ship but if 1000 will do you any good you can put me down for that amount in support of the School I am glad that you are in clined to work with the materialistic associa tions That title has the right ring to me I lovo the Agnostic but they are no longer in front of the procession They make a splendid rear gward The very fact that gods existence is a matter of doubt even with the most fanatical is sufficient evidence that there is none Even Jesus squealed like a pig when ho was nailed up If god had any business tact at all ho would remove every doubt as to his existence and authority I wouTil be very pleased to associate myself with a kind and benevolent god but since there is none we better luke a leedlo oudt for mine selfIT M FISK We Hope So Too IIUMBOLT JOWAI thank in for your praise of mo in the Blade and trust I shall be able to live up to it The Blade is surely a fine paper I wish more wero reading it When I find time I want to send you an article for which I have Already tIle material The Correspondence School will bo a grand institution and hope that I can sometime take the course At present I am uncertain DORA BUCHHOLZ Another School Inquiry NEW YORK CITY Having read in the May issue of Tomorrow magazine of your scientific and philosophical correspondence school which you are about to open I desire further particulars in regard to your courses of study WILLIAM DIETRICH School Information Wanted TUBELO ATM saw an advertisement In the Balance that you would give lessons by mail please advise me by return mail about the following course viz Science Greek Latin Hebrew and a regular A B course I am ready to begin any time Let me hear from you by return mail RevT T YOUNG j Joins the School MOSIER OREGON Enclosed find two forms duly signed I am anxious td see your School opened and Iwant at least ono scholar in Oregon where flows the mighty and beautiful Columbia I also hope that I am the first on tho roll from tin Pacific coast or Occident I think that your idea of a school to educate persons so that they can present our cause in an intelligent manner will lead to better success than in any other way We cannot force truth onto ignorant masses We must lead them by gently stimulating their power to reason I am greatly pleased with the Blades new suit it is nobby and fits to aTT- he pictures and biography of our distinguished freethinkers add much to its ap pearance and value I do think it isnot second to any publication in the field of advanced thought We must duble its pres ent circulation Ill get at least one new subscriber by paying for it I nm situated among a lot of hardshell Christians it is harder to get evolution through their brains than a projectile through nn eighteen inch armor plate Well I liko our Sunday law in Oregon as we have none Evangelists are frequent here They are tho rankest poison to the minds of youth The Sundayschool is one of the greatest curses of our day In its stead we need schools of science where Natures highest and best laws can be taught how to live love work and bo hnppyR W SIMPSON After The Blade POINT IOWA CAL Kindly send me a sample copy with ternsP S HUFFMAN About The School POLO MO Please give me some information as regarding your Correspondence School as per advertisement in the Balance nndIobligeJ CONNER Liked The Blade SULPHUR SPRINGS TEXAS Enclosed find Postofilco order for one dollar and fifty cents 150 for which please send me the Blue Grass Blade for one year I have been trying to get up a club but failed as my neighbors aro afraid to read anything but the Bible Mr Reed of Birthright gave me some papers and I am much pleased with it r 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE it I am sixtythree years oldhave belonged to the Baptist Campbellltes and found them wanting I would be glad to know what the Ago of Reason and Common Sense by Thomas Paine in paper covers Quid cost if you have them please let me know and I will send an order for both books as I have neverr ead them I have investigated mormonism and spirit ualism but am still looking for something better I read Bob Ingersoll and think he is all right Hoping to hear from you in regard to the books and to receive the paper soonH W TARTER Takes Another Whack iHAGERSTOWN MD John F Clarke and Louis Calais are still advocating Socialism through the Blade though their organ the Appeal to Reason prints no individualistic I e antisocialistic arguments in its Ie talking writing or printing only one side of a question without permit ting the other to be simultaneously heard i has mislead thousands into superstition and t farnnrticism on religion medicine political economy and other subjects and will ever continue to do so hence those on every ques tion who deny their opponents an equal hear ing are almost invariably wrong Wealth is a good desirable thing that all even Messrs Clarke and Calais doubtless de sire more of and therefore it or its rightful possessor should not be denounced either for producing or saving it And saving is fully as commendable as producing for if men im oneIproducermendation duo them for producing Likewise if men neglect through their stomachs or chew up and spit away or burn up in to bacco smoke the equivalent of nil they pro theirEtheir right to the wealth they swapped away D WEBSTER GROII DAVES LETTERS TO GOD We are pleased to announce that through the kindness and courtesy of HigherSciencehis pen under the appellation given in the above title will be a regular week ly feature with The Blade and doubtreceivereaders P S J Jr A Future Life A Critical Inquiry Into the Scientific Value of the Alleged Evidences that Mans Conscious Personality Survives the Life of the Body- Embracing A discussion of the Doctrines of Resurrec tion of the Body ReIncarnation Spiritism Annihilation Theories of Metaphysicians Phenomena of Spiritualism etc BY SINGLETON WATERS DAVIS An octavo volume of 172 pages with fine frontispiece Portrait of the author and full table of Contents well printed on Crystal Book paper and neatly bound In cloth A Future Life Is the title of a book just out In my opinion It takes rank with the best thought of the times on the subject Every conceivable phase of this mysterious subject Is treated in the clearest scientific manner My ImpressloL on reading it was that all that Is known on this subject up to date is told here It is a fortification behind which the thinker may feel himself secure this very ex ceptional book Is the product of a mature and exceptionallyfine analytical mind J B Wilson M D In the Blue Grass Blade Seventyfive Cents Postpaid to any point within the United States Foreign 10c extra Published by the Author at 854 E Lee St Los Angeles Cal H No Beginning By William H Maple THE IDENITY OF GOD WITH NA TURE DEMONSTRATED The only book of Its kind in existence Neat cloth binding 183 pagos two striking illustrations 75 cents paper binding 35 cents postpaid INGERSOLL BEACON CO 78 LA SALLE ST CHICAGO r lii ii1 r THE BALANCE A Magazine of Inspiration Per Annum Single Copies 10 Cents Subscribers will be given a choice of any of the following four books Concentration the Road to Success Paper cover new edition 128 pages initial illumination and sewed back By Henry Harrison Brown Editor of Now The Celestial Life Paper cover 144 pages new type Initial tflfnmlnation and sewed back By Frederic W Burry Sprigs of Poetry- Leatherette cover 128 pages colored plates initial illumination and sewed back By Norris Sprigg LL D Address all orders Sidereal Sidelights Paper cover 86 pages initial illumination sewed back By Charles L PUBLISHING CO 174446 California St Denver Colo USA FOR THINKERS WHO THINK Tomorrow Magazine is the only publication In the world that deals with all human problems from the Impersonal Viewpoint It is published expressly f r those who wish to see how their own cherished be liefs and sacred notions appear in the nude stripped of all racial bias and preju reading this magazine you will learn to draw all your conclusions from funda mental principles i e you will learn to think correctly- SPECIALWe will send three month trial subscription for fifteen cents If you are not already a subscriber The regular price of ToMorrow is ten cents per copy or 100 per year This office may be withdrawn at any time so you had better write NOW TOMORROW PUBLISHING CO Hyde Park Chicago BE SURE TO READ THIS- WANTEDFREETHINKERS Two Printers and an Apprentice Two Shoemakers One Vegetable Gardener- A good home good health and compen sation In proportion to service to Free thinkers of any age who can work in above MORROW PUBLISHING COMPANY 139141 E 66th St Chicago III f oQJ 1frf ft1t nc h BLUE GRASS BLADE 15 Series APrimary DepartmentZOOLOGY FIRST LESSON EXPLANATORYThe questions propounded below are designed to serve a double purpose They constitute an outline for an investigation into what will assist the stu dent to obtain the most complete knowledge of the sub ject A full and complete answer to each question may be found in the text book The course is prescribed to benefit the student therefore answers must not be taken verbatim from the text book but should be a mental effort upon the part of the student derived from what has been readIf a reference to the text book is necessary for the pur pose of obtaining the correct way to spell a name or even to refresh memory this is permissible but should not be done if it can be avoided If such reference is made do not prepare the answer until the mind has been allowed to reflect upon the question In this way the student will be able to better remember what has been studied Your success or failure depends upon the manner in which you conduct the studies assigned You may deceive the instructor successfully but you cannot deceive yourself and you are the one to benefit by the study and ought to know whether they have been conducted properly or OBSERVE that the examination questions are designed to compel the student to read in order to find the answer At the same time it is an outline or a direction to what is best for the student to know in order to complete the education desire Having found the an swers by reading also read the correlated portions of the book the text and context and in this way your knowl edge will be more thorough and complete Dont abandon the book after you have made answer to the questions If you do you will neglect the opportunities here offered RULES IAnanswer must be made to each and every ques tion propounded in writing Sign the paper and mail to us not later than the last day of the month after receiving Write only on one side of the paper Foolscap should be used for convenience 2Vriteto the Instructor for advice in case of neces sity if you fail to fully understand what is given you 3No change can be made in examinations after they once reach this office 4Each examination paper will be adjudged and graded according to its merits and the grading reported back to the student with proper corrections in explana tion of any error appearing The student should intently note the corrections if any 5Examination papers will be mailed from the School at such times as will allow the student to have them in his or her possession by the first day of each month 6Every question must be answered To omit any question will count against the per centage in grading All answers should be made in duplicate the student retaining one copy for future reference in case of error and correction7In grading a general average of 75 per cent will Example Answers to Examination No1 enable a student to pass The gradinJrS win be designated J y Fair 75 per cent Good 80 per cent Very sgood 85 per cent Excellent 90 per cent Excel lent x 95 per cent Perfect 100 per cent Example Examination No1 ZoologyPrimaryQuestion is Zoology Define term and scope Question 2Into how many classes are objects divided Name them I Question 3What ara organic objects What inor ganic objects Forty questions constitute one examination ZoologyPrimary Answer 1Zoo from the Greek zoon pertaining to animal or animals Ology being a discourse or inquiry into Zoology is a discourse or inquiry into animals and animal life Its scope is to treat of all animals from thr lowest to the highest with reference to their structure functions development analysis nomenclature and classi fication The subject is subdivided into other branches of its own- Answer 2 Objects are divided into two classes organic and inorganicIAnswer 3 Organic objects are plants and animals manifesting a cell life and known and distinguished asr living things Inorganic objects are such minerals of mineral substances as rock or soil known and distinguished as nonliving things Answers to all other questions follow APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP James E Hughes Lexington Ky I the undersigned hereby make application for mem bership in The Scientific and Philosophical Correspondence School for yearcourse of study I agree to follow the course of study prescribed and to conform to the rules governing examinations I also agree to pro cure the prescribed textbooks and to follow the course ofjstudies therefrom as directed by the School Name Do you desire to become a teacher AddressIAnswer County State Fill out the above blank and mail to James E Hughes Lexington Syt i i 16 BLUE GRASS BLADE As7lVVMSHJi 1eJn W h The First zjid Only Complete Edition of VOLTAIRES WORKS ever published English has Just Been completed by the CRAFTSMEN OF THE ST HUBERT GUILD New translations P Including the Notes of Biographybyauthors wvrkas of ByInterest Englishreading dramatist rod u til of tle of Ills of by to treat CftI prizeIasSIThe of Voltaires The of EncyclopedistsVoltaire rthteiany titor as Creams unlvene ipathVOLTAIill FORTYTHREE HANDSOME VOLUMES I 13034 Pages over Illustrations of which 45 are hand colored rildramas dEI durf wc1n4gv of 1 al an It a that it a THE EDITION a art rare of frontispiecebyup THE COMPLETE SET SENT FREE FOR APPROVAL a of youfreeThe limited Numbered eitherlarge Ii REMEMBER AFEWCUT OUT COUPON SEND TODAY gT St Hubert Bunb- Wtorhsbops AKRON OHIO V 7 SI land of fioo for tnot Signature Address Slate Date frs7lV lrs lV7 its7its lt1Ftiti7lVAr- rr iiiIII 1Jr Be Sure and Subscribe For Secular Thought I J Criticismi Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE r tTORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY 1 Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms per annum In Iadvance single copies 10 cents for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should be addressed C M ELLIs Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought t 185 Queen St West 1ti2000000000STOCK a When you send me an order for Diamonds Watches Chains Rings or any other article In the Jewelers line all the imtme- nso stocks of Manufacturers Importers 1 and Jobbers in Chicago are at my disposal and I select for you the latest and best In marketNo ShopKeepers Therefore no dealer who carries stock can compete with me In prIceyou can trust tho designer of the beautiful Free thought Badge and the Ingersoll Souvenler to select nicest and best goods made and to save you at least 20 per cent Describe closely what you want and let me send you cuts and prIcesalso of my Frecthought Badges and Ingersoll Spoons Ring Guage and my great little tract Theism The Crucible free Otto Wettstein