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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, June 14, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908061401 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, June 14, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. LUE GRASS BLAD Volume XVII Numbers LEXINGTON KY JUNE 14 1908 Published Weekly DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT Ir IiMRSERN ESTINE LOUISE ROSE twj tf Advocate of Liberty and Freethought il 2 HBLIJE GRASS BLADE Ji2 Ernestine Louise Rose II Not every star that dots the firmament can shine with the sarno brilliancy and lustre Each has its mission to fulfill and doubtle does well Its part but hero and there like rare and radiant jewels some few of them outshine the rest So It Is with humanity Men have not equal capacity and opportunity If we apply the same rille to women as to men we find the contrasts more marked for with tho Innumerable restrictions and limitations with which the women of the world have been behedged It Is no wonder that so few uf them have been able to break the chains and struggle to the front Each generation has been able to boast Its prorata of free men nnel free women Each century has produced some more bold more ageous than the rest and once recognition has been given tfley stand boldly forth In the sombre grandeur of right and truth The nineteenth century was rich In the splendor of Intellectual tholllht and development Its proud position towering far above Its predecei sors were due to the heroic efforts qf a few men and women who dared to confront the orthodox shibboleths of their day and age As an aid to this persecution worked Its share Once let a persecuted people come to understand the full meaning of the word Freedom and tho rule of the tyrant starts out toward the end Among the giants of Intellect the deep thinkers heroic delvers Into truth fearless advocates of liberty for all that were born worked lived and died during the last century there were none grander braver or greater thun Ernestine Louise Rose Born under the yoke of religious and political servitude and rebelling against the authority of tyrann she developed Into one of the most daring advocates of liberty the nineteenth century could boast The Freethinkers of both America love her for the fearlessness of her and England came to know her and advocacy and the rich eloquence of her tongue Concerning her Infancy but little Is known and for that matter in America know little of her parents We do know however that 13th day of January she was born In Pcterkov Poland on the Jewish Rabbi and from him she acquireeminentHer father was an vastly superior to that accordefairly extensive education which wasa other Polish children of her day and age In early life she develope a bold and Inquiring nature and It Is recorded that she plied numerou thought and power to her tutors especially concern questions of great Ing orthodox tenets and declarations of faith At the age of seventee herwhere years she went to Germany and spent a few years In Berlin went tonextthe line sheenhanced and crossingeducation was further ofrevolution In that city during the famous Paris being present course of herand In theliberal propaganda She was now active In a reaching Louderchannel for Dover labors she crossed the English LETTERS OF SHELLEY G W Foote editor of the London Freethinker and President of the National Secular Society is now publishing a series of articles on hitherto unpublished letters of Shelley the poet These articles are exceed ingly interesting and are used to portray the tender and delicate character of this intellectual hero Mr Foote is taking up some of the objections which tIle prurient minded have urged against Shelley and shows by solid argument that Byron was right in estimate of his contemporary when he said I never knew another man who was not a beast in comparison with him Send in a club of five new subscribers one dollar each and get a copy of the Rome Book or DQT ennel free ife t r where she met tho liberal leaders She soon made tho personal acquain tanceof Robert Owenthat sturdy English reformer and advocate of the cooperative movement She readily Imbibed his views of social economy and In the course of a few years she bcame as ardent an advocate there of as Robert Owen himself A few years later she was married to William E Rose and with him came to America in On the fruitful soil of the new Republic she found abundant opportun ities for promulgating her social political and religious views She labored throughout all the New England States and In New York Her principal battle ground was in Boston where she found ready and Ing compatriots In J P Mendum Horace Seaver and Abner Kneeland Ever ready to break a lance In the arena of Intellect she took the field against the doctrine of slavery and her superb courage brought her into the South where she lectured and debated In tho slave owning states against that political expediency which brought on the fearful strife between the contending states Mrs Rose was one of the originators of the womans rights movement which ultimately boasted such an enormous contingent of liberal men and women Always an extreme radical In her religious views ultimately wrote and published a work In defense of Atheism In which she avowed her disbelief In all the gods of orthodoxy of whatever kind character or description The liberal platform was her battb ground When the Paine Memorial Building was erected in Boston she wis among the active workers that occupied the platform In the large lecture hall Tier words were rich and eloquent She was recwnlzod us ono of the most brilliant and accomplished rhetoricians in the country Gifted with an unusual vocabulary sho won the hearts of all who heard herI and was admittedly one of the most successful advocates of FreeIthought in America in her timetAs the shadows of her day finally came that she cease she with her husband returned to England where she found a restingJ place In her eternal sleep of death To the very last moment she never wavered and there Is no record anywhere of any aspersion from pulpit or pew where she Is even believed to have recanted in her views This is a tribute in itself for the custom of orthodoxy is not to permit any Freethinker to die without asserting some such change Ernestine Louise Rose lived and died a Freethinker Her passage across the stage of human life was marked with a brilliancy seldom equalled by man or woman and the Freethinkers of this day and age this sublime character and find therein can well afford oto ponder upon and more serious efforts themselves an inspiration for greater Every new subscription to the Blade practically means another member of the Freethought party The responses made to the Blades appeal for means to contest any effort to exclude it from mailing privileges shows that the Freethinkers of America ore very much alive and active when called on By destroying the prevailing belief in a divinely inspired Bible the church loses a supporter and Mrs Henrys articles on Bible Revision are well calculated to do the work The Blade is making preparations for a strenuous fall campaign and urges its friends to give all possi ble encouragement in spreading the beneficent light of Freethought over the land r f t t i iL 1I BLUE GRASS MADE 3 rl Religious Solidarity Article Response to Outlook Editorial on Orthodox Combinations Which Outlook Refused to Publish By J F Linton Religious Solluarltyan organized and regardtter and a menace to all honest and enlighten- edgovernmentWo two thoroughly organized experfenceto encourage the formation of another such organization Religious corporations like com morclal are more or less selfish and Intent upon their own agrandlzement In the nature of things when a lot of folks come to believe they are engaged In a great contest with themselves and trod on ono side and the Devil and the other folks on the other side they are not apt to bo Very considerate of the political rights of the other folks when once they gain control The Mormon vote has been more or less under tho control of a helrnrchy from the thejIthe Democrats Of course the vote like all church votes went to tho highest bidder sometimes to the Democrats and sometimes to the Whigs They were driven out of Missouri because of their political stering and from Illinois for the same reason The Mormons have profited by their past ex periences and now manage their political af fairs more prudently still their organized vote Is rightly held to be a corrupting Influence The Cathoo vote of this country was never thoroughly organized and disciplined until within tho past three or four years Its mobil ity Is now all that the helrarchy could ask PERSISTENCE OF SUPERSTITION Concerning the Reputed Explorers of Heaven and Hell a God Given Privilege ly Dr ii J Bowles The heroes who died ijt Marathon and Ther mopylao at Lexington ad Concord at York town rj Gettysburg del rve to be gratefully remembered by posterity but they cannot be compared with the heroes who with the blood less battloax of Rcaso aro now engaged driving from tho worty the hideous brood of superstition that have tilled tho earth with blood and sorrow Drough all the dismal ages Necromancy sorcery and witchcraft con verted this beautiful earth for thousands of years Into a howling wilderness for hundreds of years the whole vast continent of Europe was literally a gigantic madhouse end more than ten millions of human beings were put to death In tho now world after Columbus discovered America Science and scientific men havo finally suc ceeded in destroying some of these dreadful superstitions but numerous kindred supersti tions still prevail throughout Christendom and It will require the combined efforts of all en M f for All of the churchs societies have been federated and every voter Is required to be come a member of some one of themThe Holy Name Society If no other At the first con vention of the Federation held In Cincinnati In September Bishop McFoul mapped out the first work to be taken handthe division of the school fund Their ability to get whet they might demand was not ques tioned With an organized vote of 3000000 together with a prospective annual Increase through Immigration of nearly a million and their greater birth rate It was figured out that they had more than a balance of power now and within fifty years would have a clear majority over all of this country At their last convention In Indianapolis It was decided to make a change In the ular text books used In the parochial schools so ns to have them correspond with the books used In the public scools and then after a season make their demand for a division or the public funds For several years past we have had a law here in Ohio authorizing the school boards to furnish the needed books free to the scholars In the primary grades The statute left It optional with the board to furnish them or not It was found that the members of many of our school boards wero subject to the commands of the officers of the Catholic federated societies fearing them more than they did their unorganized constituents To remedy this evil a bill was introduced In ono legislature Just adjourned providing for a referendum from the board to the voters of the school district to decide this question of free books It passed the Senate with only opposing votes It was expected that It would go through tho House with a like sub stantially unanimous vote Representatives of the Federated Societies asked for a hearing before the House Committee to which the bill had been referred which request was granted Tho meeting was held and passed off without lightened men and women of tho civilized world to finish the stupendous work of ex terminating the vile brood which still remain Among those which still remain Is the super stitious belief that the God of tho universe has permitted certain persons to make explor ing expeditions through heaven and hell Swen denboig made one of these journeys and In his celestial Arcane ho has given us a beauti ful glowing and minute description of the scenes and wonders which he witnessed In his travels through heaven and hell on the strength of this Idiotic and absurd superstl tlon temples have been erected and a priesthood has ben organized to perpetuate this sane delusion Mahomet was visited In a cave by tho nn gel Gabriel and from this angelic guide re ceived his commission as the prophet and apostle of the Infinite and eternal God two hundred million human beings now worship at his shrine and every Mahometan in the world will cheerfully sacrifice his life or the life of his fellowman In defense of this mon strous superstition Another marvelous superstition having Its birth at our very doors In this great Republic Is a revelation from the omnipotent God through tho Ignorant and profligate Joseph ijil AMWN lY friction The committee was politely In opposedBill the next minute was as dead as the proverbial door nail It was not again men tioned In the proceedings of our legislature or any one of our newspapers A newspaper is a business enterprise and cannot afford to antagonize so powerful an organization as the Federated Catholic Societies The Catholic press point to the success of the Wlndthorst party In Germany as one or the most wonderful things In recent years the empires record and further state that nobody who knows the men who are ing the work of the federation formulating a plan of campaign for and tot future years has the least doubt as to what the end to be They know that the political bosses of our two great parties are in the market to buy party success at any price All they want to know Is whether the three million votes can be delivered If satisfied that they can any price within their reach will be paId even if It Includes every appointive place In the gift of the government If Religious Solidarity Is persisted In in this country It can lead to but one result the dividing of the people Into hostile camps clerical and anticlerical and thus subordinating of all other questions to this one Issue It Is not desirable that we should all be cast In one mould or two moulds The greater the diversity the better Progress comes or diversity A favorite expression is The herd and ins flock Why not say The Herdsman and his cattle A church boss Is as obnoxious as a political boss It hardly necessary to argue that our public school system is our only means or becoming a harmonious and homogenlous ple The public school brings our children to gether Makes them acquainted Knowing each other their race end religious prejudices are forgotten Church schools cultivate and perpetuate all such antagonisms A liberal government can be maintained only through the Intelligence of Its voters If they are the victims of blind unreasoning prejudices and beliefs they easily become the prey of political tyrants Smith an angel visited and revealed to him that the will of tho Lord could be found en graven on golden plates burled In a hill In the state of New York and that the message was written in hieroglyphics which ho was commanded to decipher and publish to the world as a result of this visit of the angel messenger sent by the ruler of the universe tho hill was Identified tho golden plates were discovered and disinterred the hieroglyphics wero translated Into tho English language by tho prophet and the Mormon Bible was lished to tho world On tno word of this utterly worthless wretch thousands of Ignorant men and women have embraced this awful superstition and lowed the fortunes of this man of God who claimed that he could heal the sick and nish a guide that would lead mankind to eternal happiness his followers are numbered by tens of thousands and their numbers cnn never grow less until Science and Reason shall spread the glad tidings among men that Nature embodies all causes and all effects and that a knowledge of these causes and these fects the only possible means to relieve the sorrow nnd sufferings of the toiling mil lions Continued on page f J J 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE Convert the Churm Choir Character Has a Greater Influence than the Mere Thoughts Advanced By Manly A Brigham Early In my Investigation of the religious problems It became apparent that argument foglc reason and all the facts concerning the Impossibility of the theological doctrines were of small effect when placed before the average man with tainted environments The disappointments that came to me In my efforts both In private and public to dispel the fog of religion from the minds of Its vie tims were so bitter at times that I narrowly escaped becoming the counterpart of a re ligious fanatic In a demonstration of Infidel fanaticism It Is a fact that many of our freethought advocates have been caught In this trap and swing as far to the cranky side as a cank can turn and thereby lose their Influence and cast ridicule upon their cause and themselves We need to teach the youth of the freethought school that one of the first requisites of a rationalist is to so bear him self that his fellows will respect him for his worth Then he can quietly sow seeds amona his friends and leave them to develop With many the character of the man or woman who advances an idea has more Influence than the thought Itself It is worse than useless for a rational thinker to attempt to spread his views unless ne is moral and of a good character If a belief in ralonallsm does riot Improve n man morally then we have nn uphill road to travel In the propagation of our ideas At the present time the churches depend far more upon music than preaching for the small congregations they get It Is true and the ministers know It that fully half the per sons who go to church do so solely for the music They sit through the sermon and are unconscious of anything that has been said In the village churches tw choir Is the mainstay and Is generally made up of men and women who have no knowledge of religion whatever and pcrfom the service because New Plan of Redemption Adams Argument Carried and the Wet Goods Were Sent For on the First Arrival By John F Clarke Heaven was decorated regardless of ex jasper walls were dazzling In their fresh coat of whitewash for a graft similar to the one that painted the marble exterior of the Capitol at Washington was on In full swing and the ungeis has vandalized gold leaf patches on the Heavenly gates showing a zeal worthy of a different cause and huge nuggets thrown Into the ruts and holes of the auriferous macadam gave evidence of a desire to Improve appearance The Michael Angelo school pf angels were rebluing the vault and studding It with polka dots in gold Tho carpenter angels were busy and the cabinet maker angels were making a chair and wicket for St Peter to use when he arrived which was an event looked for in the next mlllenlum or two Just at this psychological moment Adam 1 1 mI m IJJIl U Hlum 1 they enjoy the singing the publicity or the social gatherings As a rule they get no pay In addition to this there are thousands of women that engage In church work for no other reason than that it affords an outlet for their social energies There are very few women who know anything about religion and those I am glad to say are generally In the freethought ranks The church also Is a sort of matrimonial bureau and Is utilized by the youth of both sexes for a meeting place They care nothing for and are not In a frame of mind to learn anything of religion These things constitute the support of the church which In Its turn supports nil the senseless creeds and Immoral religious stories and also all the current wrongs perpetuated by government and society The obvious thing then for the rational- Ists to become great in a way by Imitation That Is wherever It Is possible to establish a medium through which the singing propensi ties and social dualities of the women can find expression to do so In the societies already established for the propagation of feethought these matters should receive more attention Build up along social lines The creedal structures are ready to fall when the social and musical support Is withdrawn Tho minister and his religious prattle is of sec ondary Importance He is nevertheless or considerable Influence In his community outside the pulpit As a rule ministers are fairly moral men and the fact of the church being an Institu tion of long standing gives him certain power that makes a rationalist unbacked by any social oganlzation at a disadvantage In an open fight with them We have practi cally beaten the clerics In the forum and rendered their pulpit Influence harmless and It now to beat them In the social and civic life When that Js accomplished the end or religion will have come and the regenera tion of morals and reason have taken butted Into heaven on a mile breeze The wind caused a tremendous fluttering of the angel feathers and those which were flying at the time made crowlike efforts to fly against the headrwlrfl God came out to greet Adam and said as he held out his right hand Ad old boy how are you after your long distance fly Distance may lend enchantment to the view but Ill bo damned In Godgiven brew If it offers any pleasure Well I am gladyou have come for it was getting lonesome here with the angela for my only companions Why where Is the Holy Ghost Oh I sent It away on a mission to beget me a son down on Miindanlty and it has not yet returned What the devil do you need with a son and at your agoflei I made a plan of salvation and redemption after cursing thev world for your sake and my son JenuCHrist was born of a virgin f1i A 1 it- by my Alta Ego the JI Ot and was cruci fied and did the death stunt for three days then was resurected and those who make mediation through Him will be saved from the general damnation caused by the apple epi would have been less intricate and more sensible for you to have granted a general and unconditional amnesty Are you going to add higher criticism to condemnatiotfforAs the poet said Old age never cools your fiery blood You go to Sure If you say so but I hope it will not take so long as my last trip No It Is within sight of the suburbs and Lazarus can peekaboo from Abes bosom and talk to Dives when they all arrive there is nothing doing there now but storing fuel for the fire works that will begin when Abel comes In God I believe that I also came under your edict and Hell Is mine too Ad I guess a jury of angels will have to decide that point It Is a fine technicality Shall I choose the jury or call a venire and let you draw the panel Ill waive my claim to Heaven as I prefer to choose my company Old Satan Is good enough for me And this to me were it not for thy hoary head such hand as Cut that out Ive read that before Give me something original Besides heads enough have been cleft by your orders you old God of man wont you take something We have some fine old Ambrosia with a su perior vintage of Nectar that will Improve your disposition and make a now man of youThat Is a better scheme of regeneration than your limited grace plan and you should substantiate It for the fake Call up Satan and lets wet our dry whistles as the Governor of C said to the Governor of N C before the state prohibition drought set in BIBLICAL CROSSROADS t Some Facts For Pious Folks to 1dtand Ponder Over By A Thompson What Is the Bible The answer Is that It Is nothing but an ancient history and the central figure Jesus Christ n myth It is a book unlit for honest folks to believe In as it contains so much or obscenity and lies If people would but read a phapter or two In the Bible then stop and think read some more and think again they would not be so ready to believe In It but as it Is they think it Is the word of God and never stop to con sider that it was written by Ignorant men who had to write something to make a living What Is the use of being such goody little fellows and believing In the Bible if we get no reward for It bee Isaiah 2G14It we be llevo In the Bible we can hardly look cross eyed for fear of being damned to extreme mis ery If there Is such a thing as a just God Dour 314 would he first make us then put us on earth tempt us and then damn us to eternal wrath No he would not Which are we to believe Cor 1433 or Watt 1034 Isaiah 261 or Cor 1552 u I BLUE GRASSBLADE fi fr I the Soul Not Found Article Suggested by Father Shermans Foolish TwaddleRefused to Answer the Ques tion By Wm H Cox Tho Catholics are the last ones to ring down the curtain on the religious mania In our old and peaceful city for tho year of All tho churches both great and small have held their usual revivals as of old and can now sleep dormant until their spirits awaken them from for the year of As this thing Is spasmodic wo know it will appear again Wo only hope that when it makes Its usual appearance It wll be a betters and saner and a safer religion than we have had In the past The different religious sects have at last quit murdering each other and persecuting all others who do not accept their creed and dogma take this for a sign of thotlmesthat it is dying a slow and peaceful death The nar cotic which she has received at the hands of thelFree Thought Press 4s putting her peacefully and finally on the shelf of oblivion where she should have rested by rights long ago In a few more generations she will not be able to muster enough of the faithful to comfortably fill the mourners bench The last one to appear on the religious hor izon here has been the distinguished catholic priest Rev Father Sherman He has been hero and held tho boards at the Auditorium for a week in the interests of Romanism and the catholic church Our city papers In speaking of tills distinguished guest have lauded him hlghas a speaker and thinker Being a priest taken from a protestant family he has been somewhat a drawing card and has met fairly good sized mixed audiences that assembled to hear him propound the Ro man Catholic doctrine He advertised in tho papers that ho would answer questions that were put into the question box that they had arranged at the door leading Into the main auditorium and being a Good Christian self and having a few nuts to crack In the way of some Biblical questions wanted him to explain I went down loaded for tho occa sion and put them In his holy box But lo and behold ho Ignored every one of them al though they were taken tram this Holy Book they all love so dearly and of course I was somewhat disappointed in this strange turn of affairs as I expected him to make some fort to explain them at least But then tho road of tho transgressor is hard and the safest way for him to do was td keep his mouth shut And this Is exactly what ho did do In this question matter The main subject of this learned prelate was the Soul After hearing him define what the soul is I was not surprised at him keeping perfectly still on the bible questions This Is how this distinguished priest defines the soul of man He says This great and grand power of tho human brain to born a thought to artic ulate and express the thought in words This magnetic brain current Is tho soul and Is capa ble of and does live after the death of the my mind this definition is not a good one But he does not prove this Is a spiritual thing that can or does survive the death of the body To Illustrate what ho believes to be a fact he says he heard of a man who met with an accl J h dent by having a crowbar run through his head And It was tightly embodied there they cut the bar off close to his head and the man lived for years afterwards with this iron in his head And now behold tho grandstand play he makes when he says to his audience Does this man think with a crowbar or a all such argument as this I would say that all priests from Constantines time to the present have been thinking with a crow bar In stead of a good healthy brain We all know there Is a portion of the brain that can be removed and the person live and still have their faculties and thero Is another portion that cannot be removed unless Instant death ensues So It is easy to see the point he was trying to make with his rusty crowbar refer ence His whole argument on this subject was more like that of a hottentot than that of a philosopher This distinguished priest answered three questions that someone unknown to mo had put into his hotbox Two of them I shall give The third one I have forgotten The first one was Why do priests pray In latin His answer was Because all modern languages are changeable Certain words In one gen eration may mean the reverse in the next Tho second onowl1sU What Is Purgatory His answer An intermediate place between heaven and earth where the soul goes until prayed for Docs this holy father want us to Infer that God cannot keep up with the languages as they change or the usage of words or that he does not understand any other language than latin Or Is not purgatory tho greatest place the priest has got to extort money from their people for saying mass for the repose of the soul In purgatory Is It not a fact the more Ignorant they can keep their people the ter it la for them to work off their Holy Twaddle Work their charm and take their money consistency thou art a jewel In the science of mathematics they prove all mathematical problems beyond a shadow of a doubt In the science of chemistry they dissolve the material body and the different parts that compose the whole structure are hero found and made known The human body has thus been dissolved by chemists but this supposed soul has never yet been found It Is only a delusion the same as Santa Claus or God and it never did Inhabit tho material body It Is an unknown quan tity and absolutely beyond the power of any man to ranks it clear that it a spiritual thing and leaves the body at death I have been on this planet for fifty years and have always treated this material body to the best that was in my means and power I have never done anything contrary to my nature and If there was any such thing as a spirit dwelling within me I am the party that is the most capable of Its discovery This I say Is possible for me while I am In my full mental and physical strength If It was a reality I am sure I should have made its acquaintance before this but I deny the whole spiritual theory with one stroke of my pen and to those who affirm let them prove it and settle the argument forever and forever Do you not think tho soul would make self manifest to me while I am still in this life and capable of understanding what life liberty and happiness is if It depended on the f k T f r f 1j actions and deeds committed in this material body while In life for Its salvation for a fu ture life after the death of the body I think so my friends If It was a reality It would do so There would be no such a thing as a lost soul to be burned and tormented In a lake of hellfire for ever and for ever If It were only true It Is high time come one was making tho discovery and bring It forward from its dark and mouldy resting place ever since the beglnlng of man on tho face of the earth Let every man and woman look squarely on this subject as they would on any other proposition Let them weigh every bit of evi dence on the subject and then draw their own conclusions I do not wish to take ono con soling thought from any one so long as that thought is not detrimental to the human family And to those who can find a con soling thought In a spiritual life after death while debauching this material body In life they are perfectly welcome to it Such a thought docs not harmonize with my material nature neither do I believe It I sympathise most deeply with the person who cannot see the beautiful side of a material life It the present the now that we should culti vate Make this real heaven instead of t what It is If the whole human family were educated enough to live In a congenial fra ternity of what a happy and grand world this would be The reason a materialist Is an honest and moral person Is because he knows it Js the only real way for him to live and get theybest out of this life there Is In it Do right from the principle that It Is exactly right to do right When this is done you can always drink the nectar that flows from the fountain of nature which Is always cool healthy and t Invigorating J ESSAY ON MAN 4 By M Crier Kidder 1 What Is maul an Insignificant nothing tmasquaradlng as something Bouyed up with vanity puffed Into a caricature of wisdom j born of Insolence born of Ignorance he struts iabout his speck of dust knowing not at what Instant disease 02 violence will perform a miracle by making nothing less Tho dupe at fancy the prey of envy the sport of fate J helplea In tnfansy a fool at maturity a dotard In age Too arrogant to know he knows nothing Too forgetful to remember that ho will be forgotten On he goes playing his poor part till death closes his eyes In dreamless sleep and he sinks into that shoreless ocean oblivion RELIGIOUS REFLECTIONS To Mrs Josephine K Henry Tho Cosmic Potter while at work ono day Saw close beside him a small piece of clay Of finer substance than hed worked before In all erecting from the Cosmic store With this finer clay he evolved the plan ot something better than creating man And lot a woman of superior mind With love of justice for all mankind And love of freedom In the world of thot An honest woman not sold nor bought x Slowly he worked midst the cosmic scene And Immortal genius came to San Francisco California I t rti Y fr rs jllrr ccccc t Jf LtcLrf tig BLUE GRASS BLADE H N N N N H N NNN H N N Current Comment on Public Events v INHN +N NN+ N NN NHHNNNHNNNNHNN Pictorial art has done much to create a feel ing of awe and reverence among the Ignorant masses of the world but there Is such a thing as carrying It too far Greater structures than that now known as orthodox Christianity have fallen from their own weight caused by superfluous trimmings and embellishments Many an artist has won name and fame by permit ting his talents to fasten upon religious themes whereas In other directions they might have been wasted Church buildings are as a rule of handsome Interior decorations The exterior Is presented with a view to attracting a wondering admir ation and attention Stained windows Images costly pictures gorgeous drapery paintings on wall and ceiling all tend to a grossly ma terial presentation of things and subjects held to be divine Few churches dan now be found without some sort of pictorial representation of a mangod Jesus the Christ as he Is familiarly called The discussion with the doctors In the temple his resurrection as supposed and the socalled last supper all have furnished to the Imaginative mind sub jects for pictorial representation the artist be ing compelled to rely upon his Imagination to furnish the scene with the desired effect Modern painters have an extreme difficulty In supplying these subjects In accord with ancient conception and numerous Incongrui ties are made to appear Three pictures have been presented to our view Ono of these Is the last supper by Von Gebhart another Is Simons Feast by Jean Beraud and the other Is tire resurrec tion by Edmund II Wuerpel- In the former the scene Is laid In a room containing an old fashioned open fireplace with a mantle On the mantle are four beer steins At the side hangs a modern derby hat rather uncommon In those days In the cen ter of the room from the ceiling Is suspended a chandelier with candelabra Judas sits at one end of the table wearing a Scotch plaid garment Now If any Christian will sustain the proposition that beer steins were In use In those days and that Jesus would sit about with them or that Scotch plaids were In vogue during the first thirty years of the present or Christian era or that candelabra were known and In use or that derby hats were worn we will give up our antagonism to the faith and Join the church We also note that not one of the faces seated around the table bear the marks of the Semitic r but are altogether Teuton Berauds picture shows Jesus seated In a chair with a halo about iris head a woman prostrate at his feet and sonic fourteen men around all of whom are dressed In cutaways or Prince Albert coats The other picture shows the door of the tomb open Jesus a few feet away the soldiers falling to the ground in fear while near the entrance Just inside stands a figure of man with a sack suit on and a straw hat resembling a newspaper corres pondent with a camera in his hand taking a snap shot Just think over the absurdities and Incon sistencies here presented and then ask your self the question If such pictures do make for rlduculu rather then for reverence 1i p Religion and rum are capable of forming a close companionship By reason of their abil ity to ruin and weck they work well together Hum Uomanlsm and Uubelllon caused James Blaine to lose the Presidency and It now begins to look as if Hum and Religion will be the undoing of the orthodox parsons In thu newly made state of Oklahoma From the very moment that Congress de creed that the additional star should be placed in the corner of the national emblem the liq uor question bobbed serenely to the front in the territory affected It will bo recalled that prior to the statehood while the country was United States Territory and under exclusive federal control the sale and barter of liquor therein was prohibited under pains and penal ties because of the Red Skins domiciled within Its borders Once statehood was In sight and the control of the liquor trulllc was to be conferred upon the new state government the dlnercnt elements got to work in order to prohibit or not to prohibit The antis won In a measure for a compromise was affected whereby the sale of liquor was to be tolerated under state control by means of a dispensary similar to that which prevailed in South Car olina This settled state dispensers of the liquor were required and as a fair salary was connected with the job under the guise of dispensing through Christian charity and simplicity Innumerable parsons became appli cants for the job Some got appointed and sonic didnt The lucky preachers who man aged to get a position now began to dispense the firewater In a manner ordered by the state and draw his pay Now numerous pro tests are being heard at the farcecomedy of a parson who advocates prohibition either through fear of the Lord or for love of the job selling rum and other brands of liquor for thovsake of a salary attachment and the glory he can obtain from his position If whiskey is a curse as these parsons claim how can they possibly reconcile their present position of being willing to sell that which they know to be destructive of human virtue and sobriety and then appear lit a pulpit each week to preach the gospel of Jesus and him crucified Does it look like of a case of a willingness to do anything to got the cash and to enjoy a little brief authority No wonder the sensible people of the state are up In arms and loud In protest No wonder the newspapers condemn the system and the men engaged in it especially the whiskey selling parsons The folly of fanaticism tinctured with Chris tian stupidity was never better exemplified than In the case of Mrs Carpenter of Ash vllle N who it Is said being a devout believer in Christian Science positively re fused to allow the undertaker or any of the city authorities to touch the body of her ceased husband Edward Carpenter for one entire week she watching beside the bier in the full expectation that in response to her prayers and faith life would return to the corpse But It didnt Christian science or no Christian science the husband was Just as dead as though he or she were unbelievers Neither the prayer nor the faith though great and powerful as alleged restorative agencies iiijlWIwi W availed in the case and the husbands corpse u iiiiaiiy cuirnu out and buried in u muaauru till uoutrine or me bodily res uiccuuii jtBub la eapoimiuiu fur such u c u eerier rioiii mis rice come tile turuier iiuuuu that aicKiiebs uuu disease are uil mere luiuusiuj wrist no actual existence save In me iiinid ot tire person afflicted lire oujeci men is to nd me mind ot me belief and the uistuau disappears iiuctlcul conimoiiBonao insists that the tirst and must Important step is to choke off the disease and the mind will readily incline to the belief that it has gone rare up any prayer book In common use by the churches of the Episcopal denominations and turn to the Apostles ceed In the clos ing portion we read believe In the resur rection of the body and this Is repeated and recited at frequent and regular intervals by men and women whom the world would credit with having better sense than to rclteratb such a belief Nothing has been more clearly demonstrated than the fact that life is the proper functioning of the organs that disease is tire failure or inability of some of the organs to properly perform their functions In the face of this there yet be fools enough to believe that life can be restored through the simple act of prayer and faith In the gust under consideration Mrs Carpenter will have to console herself with another belief namely that it was not gods it Ill that her husband should be recsusltated Religion capable of working some strange fallacies Many wonderful tales are told by returning missionaries to credulous audiences Some or these tales show prima facia that they are untrue but the majority are so well constructed that unthinking people grab them like a bass jumping at u fly and the few ever sus pect there is any crooked business connected In some Instances the missionaries as if to suggest the great power of the Christian ligion tell how they have forged In the wilder ness surrounded by hostile natives their lives hardly worth too snap of a thumb and finger and yet bravery they plunged on and on most J giving up In despair when to their great joy they saw the building of some house ot Christian worship and they immediately praised God for guiding them to It In other wods they were safe for here were evidences of civilization Tho latest one told Is by far the best It is given by Rev George Bailey of Washing ton D who returning whir a number ot alleged missionaries from Ephesus in Asia Minor related how ho had been held up by brigands and that he successfully stalled them off by reading the Bible to them Might Just just as well nave been Palnes Ago of Reason But let us suppose tho preacher had a deck of cards Does ho not think that the attract ive little paste boards with their usual color Ings would have won the admiration and attention of the brigands until help came quicker than the mere reading from any book Then again comes tho horrible suspicion that tho brigands failed to tfnderstand what was being read to them for It is not said that the read Ing was given in their own language Neither is It reported that tho natives understood the English If they could have understood ths reading there Is no cause for astonishment that tho brigands should stand amazed at what was being read to them especially if they heard it for tho first time Sizing up tho situation it would appear that this skypilot had enjoyed a trip abroad with out being missed from home and being anx ious to let somebody know that he had been away he grabbed the first newspaper re f BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 porter that came across his path and pumped him so full of hot air about brigands and bibles that the poor scribe actually came to believe It and gave the story all the necessary trim mings to make It appear of the sensational sort and play the preacher up strong Like actors and actorettes the preachers must get advertisement The returning missionary racket is a good way though a trifle stale When young men students In a modern lege full of ambition and life organize them selves Into a club the avowed purpose of which It to mutually combine In hating the numbers of the fair sex there Is something radically wrong with their makeup The uni versal law Is that the male shall seek the female be sought Of course there are excep tions to every law to every rule and It Is saId that sometimes the exceptions go far toward proving tho rule From the press dispatches we learn that a Woman Haters Club has been formed a few male students at Pennington Seminary In New Jersey The cause of Ita formation Is said to be that Its members were unable to win or obtain notice front the fair coeds during a reception and the Club came Into existence as a means of retaliation The Blade would inter that the fault lay with the men and falling to see the matter In Its true light they soured upon all women Including girls and adopted joint resolutions to refuse speak ing to anything that woro dresses After all when the facts are fully considered It may prove tho best thing that could possibly pen to tho ladles provided the members of tho Club will stick by their agreement But oven In a case like this human weakness will betray Itself for the same dispatches Inform us that three of the Club members have been expelled for violating Its principle obligation and were actually caught making love The most the club could over boast were eleven members and Its membership was just eleven more than It ought to have been at the start l An automatic reactlvo expostfacto di verge Is the latest novelty In the line Judl clal intervention between husband and wife and this Innovation comes from Lawton Ok lahoma If reports be true It appears that a farmer carrying the name of P D Phell obtained a judgment of divorce from his wife The cause Is not stated nor It made to appear that the wife made any contest How ever the story goes that the divorce was granted and the Judgment went into full force and effect Retribution or regret or is It possible that the fire of love had not altogether died out of his heart but In any event It was something that influenced him for it is stow reported that the male divorcee Instituted pro ceedings upon his own motion to have the judgment annulled with a view of enabling him to live once again with his former wife So far as we have been able to learn tho wishes of tho lady have not been stated Just as tho mad Dane is said to have been c controlled by method or possessed of a motive so It appears that farmer Phell had a motive for going back to tho halls of justice to have tho divorce judgment annulled He wanted the woman and he didnt want her He wanted to get rid of her so bad that he filed a petition against her and got what ho asked for Having had his wishes gratified ho sought to backtrack but Insisted upon the right to hold the divorce judgment over the head of his wife ready to be put into operation at his suggestion which could be converted into a sort of domestic club in the interest of harmony we may suppose This Is the first time we knew of tho existence of such an clastic divorce proceeding Some friend of farmer Phell ought to whisper In his ear that if he does not want the woman he should leave her and depart In peace with his decree In his Inside pocket If he does want her then he ought to be padded for ever filing suit against her Some men never know what they do want until It Is everlast ingly too late and when knowledge dawns upon them they wlsn it had gone the other way The value and efficacy of prayer received ex emplification In a recent Pennsylvania whip ping case J Barton Harry is the seventeen year old son of W A Harry residing at Coatesvllle In the state named Like most youths of his age he had fallen In love As has happened before is happening now and will happen again other youths had fallen In love with the same girl and an In tense rlvaliy was engendered The youn ger Harry appeared however to be the most favored suitor and thu incensed tho other swains that a dreadful pun ishment was administered The story as told In the press runs J Barton Harry the lad aforesaid hud re tired to his room In preparation for bed he had fallen upon his knees and was In the act of praying to god JC or the H that he one or all of them jointly or severally would safeguard and keep him until the sun dispelled the shadows on the morrow Nat urally he wanted to be protected from danger and injury all of which has a tendency to prove that young Harry was dutiful be liever in tho god myth relying Implicitly on the text In god we trust But his trust was foolish and vain ands further It was In effectual As he thus prayed and while still upon his knees he was slezed gagged and bound and a severe whipping given him with an admonition that he had better leave town Ills assailants fled in the darkness leaving the almost Insensible youth still tied to the bedpost where ho was found by Ms parents at live oclock the next morning almost dead The story Is pathetic It displays a breach of confidence and trust on the part of the al mighty To pray bellevlngly dos not always Imply that your prayers shall be answered Tho Blade can sympathise with the young man In his misfortune and can express the hope that his assailants may be captured and punished but If ever he Indulges In prayers further ho ought to get It again for being such a confiding Idiot after the experience he has just gone through The art of murder and upon a wholesale plan still appears to be one of the chief con cerns of government as commonly accepted and the United States government offers no exception to the rule During the past ten years or so two great wars have been fought to a conclusion and In both human lives were sacrificed by the thousands The first of these was the BritishBoer war the second tho IlussoJapanese war Both were fought In the interest of the privileged classes but tho masses had to bear the brunt uler the tendency of militarism a tem that should bo kept altogether foreign to our government the U authorities have announced a program for military maneuvers In which at tho cost and expense of the laborer who Is In the end the greatest tax payer the two wars arc to be fought over again in sham tact6s as a means of instruction whereby the participants can secure some sort of ad vantage should a similar clash occur between this country and some other This militar ism pure and simple It is as far from the principles of popular government as tho poles i 1t J diverge from each other Money must be spent In transportation in supplies In ammun itlon the latter of the blank cartridge va riety and the nation it Is supposed will be able to rest more content after it Is all over titan they have been expected to do previous to the undertaking But why should war be necessary except for mere purposes of defense The people do not need war they do not ask for It or seek it A standing army Is a menace to civili zation It creates an additional burden upon labor But governments must play and In order to justify the propensity fo military display these sham battles are to be Indulged In and wb can well afford to ask what shall It profit the nation when It Is all over THE BATTLE OF THOUGHT By Julia Cook Coon Back through the rustclouded years of the past In the darkness by Ignorance wrought In the jungles when mankind first entered the race Was begun the great battle of Thought Though the masses were fettered by folly and hate There were heroes who pressed toward the Unheeding the scorn and unheeding the blows In their cause alone lay their might Though the masses knelt down with their eyes to the past The heroes pressed on ever on On up the hillside of Knowledge and Truth Undaunted by fagot or rack To unclasp Hates fetters loose crueltys hands Of courage there never was lack The sceptre of hope they hold firm In their hands And worked for the goal within view Though the masses knelt down with their eyes to the west The heroes have ever pressed on Now far up the hillside they catch the first gleam Of the brightness of Tomorrows glad day They turn and they n to those In the vale And send them of hope tree first ray 0 now we are promised historys lines do not fall Now on to the full morning light Though the masses still kneel in the Valley of Doubt The heroes will ever press on Ingersoll Beacon A Spicy Freethought Monthly at 9100 v year 10 cents a number Edited by William H Maple Devoted to Science Free Thought and the Gospel of Reason and Good Cheer In con trast with the foolish forms and cringing faiths of theology SUBSCRIBE NOW Good things In every number INGERSOLL BEACON CO 78 LA SALLE ST CHICAGO jA J itt Wty I 8 UE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADErPublished weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore and edited by him until his death February 1906crJAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager- JOHN EdltIr P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each1 sixmonthsTrial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 500 one year 800 Quarter column single insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates advertisementsofferedGENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the t expiration of the term for which the subscription been paid up in advance The address slip on the paper mss sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for ppon renewal in case of disclntlnuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this olllce giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at 126118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE enterd at the Postofllce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky BRIEF STUDY IN ASTRONOMY From time to time the Blade has Indulged In a series of articles on different studies of nature as furnished by the natural sciences and we have included geology zoology and history In these discussions but in taking up the science of astronomy we have laid before us one of the most beautiful fascinating inter eating and exact of many sciences The principal object we have before us in presenting these outlines of nature studies is to attract and Interest our readers therein to furnish an outline of what each subject means with a view of enlarging thereon through the medium of the correspondence school and to ultimately enable them to teach the same subjects to other people Hence for this weeks discussion we shall deal with a brief history and explanation of the science of astronomy as dealing with bodies other than the earth upon which we dwell Of all the sciences within reach of the students who have joined and who are yet to join the Correspondence School thers is none more fascinating than that of astronomy- As Its name implies the science of astronomy Is a study of the socalled heavenly or astral bodies their paricular order the system to which they belong their distance from the earth their diameter circumference and density Ina large measure the objects that are to be studied in the heavens at night and by the simple use of the naked eye with but little instruction the facts to be made known concerning them can be learned Speaking of astronomy and the first great step towards the development of that science Voltaire in his Philosophical tionary recites how M Duval who during childhood from pure Instinct aided by Investigation gave him the first Ideas of astron omy The story goes that while a mere child with limited reasoning faculties contemplated the moon as it was rapidly sinking in the west To the boy it seemed to have fallen behind a clump of trees The boy ran on the direction but to his surprise he saw that the moon had not fallen and that it still lingered on the horizon The next night he watched it again and the next and at last he observed that it rose in the east with regularity and set In the west with the same precision He f 6 then observed that the stars moved in appointed courses and withregularIty In order and precision From this he began a systematic study of the heavens with no other book to guide him than the stars and planets He soon found that the stars did not change their relative positions that the planets had a special course like the moon but of larger proportion He marked the course of the sun and finally designated the solstices with two staves without knowing what the solstices were Later came Galileo who demonstrated the principles of astronomy before the Doge and Senators of Venice with a round globe and a lighted candletione questions that strikes the student of astronomy is that of distance The next is size after which comes composition density and weight For both distance and size the principles of trigonometry furnish an answer This is a system of measurement by triangulation a method that can not fall and is used by all modern civil engineers with unfailing byinductiveanswered With this understanding before us we can very readily see that there Isa world of usefql and Interesting information in the study of astronomy and at the same time It is a study which the humblest may take up as well as the wisest The name Astronomy is taken from astron meaning star and nomos meaning law thereby suggesting in its nomenclature the law of the stars It is above all other sciences one that cultivates the imagination Yet the theories and distances are based upon rigorous mathematical demonstrations The study of astronomy has at once the beauty of poetry and the exactness of great dome of the sky filled with glittering stars It is one of the most sublime spectacles of all nature To fully enjoy the scene a night must bo chosen when the air is clear and the moon is fully absent We then gaze upon a deep blue an immense expanse studded with stars of varied color and brilliancy Some shine with a vivid light perpetually changing and twinkling others more constant beam tranquilly and softly upon us while many just tremble into our sight like a wave struggling to reach some faroff shore and dies as it touches the land In the presence of such wlerd Arid wondrous beauty the sweetest sentiments are aroused Those faroff lights seem full of meaning and could we but read their message they become real and almost sentient We are humbled as we gaze upon this infinity of suns and strive to comprehend their enormous distances and their possible retinues of worlds The powers of the mind are aroused and eager questionings crowd upon us Some of these problems have been solved and others yet awaitIthe astronomer whose eye and mind shall be keen and capable enough to read the scroll Long before tho Christian era began the world knew something of astronomy and humble as these early conceptions were thoy laid the foundation for that greater and more elaborate work whereby man has been enabled to measure the distances of the stars compute their mass size density days years seasons and many of their physical features Astronomy has made a map of the moon tracked many of the comets in their Immense sidereal journeys and at last analyzed the structure and announced the very elements of which sun and star are composed Astronomy is the most ancient of the sciences for the study of the stars is doubtless as cld as man himself and hence many of Its discoveries must antedate any authentic record The Chinese boast much of their astronomical discoveries and their emperor still claims a celestial ancestry and styles himself the Son of the Sun Chinese history contains an account of the conjunction of four planets and the moon which occurred 2500 before the present era They also claim to have the earliest written record of an eclipse of the sun Though the Asiatics were patient In their observations they did not possess the 3Jg6Ijf jr r jt0 BLUE GRASS BLADE ability to classify their knowledge and lay the basis of a science as did the people of the Occident This was done by the Greeks Thales one of the seven sages of Greece has been called the father of astronomy He first taught that the earth was round and that the moon receives Its light from the sun This was 640 B C He also determined when the equinoxes and solstices occur and predicted an eclipse of the sun which is famous in history for having terminated a war between the Medes and the Lydlans Anaxlmander 611 BC Invented the sundial and explained the causes of the moons phases Pythagoras 582 B C founded air astronomical school at Cretona Italy where ho educated hundreds of enthusiastic pupils He also taught that the sun was the center of the solar system and although a great and Imaginary dreamer he dreamed a system of the universe that was almost correct as we know it today Anaxagorus 500 B C explained the eclipses of both sun and moon Hlp parchus who flourished about the time of 200 B C became famous as an astronomer and was held by many in a more modern day as the Newton of Antiquity He calculated the length of a year within six minutes discovered the precession of the equinoxes and made the first catalogue and chart of the heavenly bodies Two hundred years after Pythagoras the celebrated school at Alexandria was established At this school A D 120 Ptolemy a Greek wrote his great work the Almagest which for fourteen centuries was the principal textbook of astronomers In this ho gave what is known as the Ptolemaic system and was founded largely upon the materials gathered by earlier astronomers After the destruction of tho Alexandrian library by Christian fanatics learning found a home among the Mohammedans Bagdad on tho Tigris and Cordova on the Gaudnlquivlr became centers of science literature and art The treasures of Grecian knowledge were eagerly gathered by the caliphs Fragments of Saracenic learning that have come down to us show that the Arabs had constructed astronomical tables and endeavored to perfect them by systematic observation About tho beginning of tho sixteenth century Copernicus broke away from the cumbersome astronomical systems of the Ptolemies and taught that he sun was the center of tho solar system and tho diurnal motion of the earth and planets was but apparent and not real He now simplified the science and reasoning from cause to effect he explained many of tho appearances of move meat as being directly tho opposite of what previous astronomers had taught Ho observed that as wo rode or traveled swiftly In one direction the trees and other objects appeared to be flying past us In the opposite direction and applying this reasoning to the heavenly bodies he Investigated then learned and taught that the sun did not move about tho earth but that the earth moved about the sun and that its revolution on its own axis produced the day and night Tycho Brahe a celebrated Danish astronomer further simplified tho system of Copernicus and abolished the cycles and epicycles but his mind being influenced by theology i he again reverted to tho notion that tho earth was the central body of tho solar system Then came Kepler a student of Brake who again took up tho Copernican system and promulgated his three famous lavs which are accepted by all modern astronomers These were as follows Planets revolve in ellipses with the sun at one focus 2 A line connecting tho center of the planet with the center of the sun passes over equal areas In equal times The squares of the times or revolution of the planets about the sun are proportioned to the cubes of their mean distances from the Contemporary with Kepler was the Florentine GaUI leo Tho latter learning that a Dutch watchmaker had inventedk an instrument for making distant objects appear near Galileo seized upon the principle and with a niece of lead pipe a lens set at each end ho Invented tho telescope at first a very crude affair but It was destined to bring about a revolution in 2 i r rtj t JfandJupiter and Its four moons but he was met with such decided opposition and hIs fato is now a matter of history In 1666 Newston appeared upon the scene and by observation noted the tendency of all bodies to fall back to tho earth from immense distances he 4 discovered the law of motion and gravitation This was applied to all bodies and from his experiments and observations he soon promulgated his theory or rather a law which declared Every particle of matter in tile universe from the smallest to the largest attracts every other particle of matter with a force directly proportional to the product of their masses and decreasing as tho square of the distance between them Increases From this we will now pass on to the methods used In measuring t the distances sizes and composition of the heavenly bodies r To find tho distance of the sun we start from a base line to find a point In measuring the suns diameter we start from a point to find a base line This is done through a system of triangulation or better known as trigonometry Before we can determine the suns size we must know its distance from the earth Let us now proceed with tho task Draw an imaginary base line through the earth not quite at its center and at either end where it comes to the earths surface we construct an equatorial telescope Place an observer at either end of the line It is obvious that as the sun is setting for one observer It Is rising for the other but each observer can be placed at a point on the earths surface yet on opposite sides when both can see it at exactly the same moment From these points the base line is drawn Hero we have the base line to begin with and allowing for the earths curvature we find It something less than 8000 miles Each observer will now focus his telescope upon the sun Each telescope is pointing in a different direction and while both point upwards from the earths surface one is pointing in a direction inclined at an angle towards the other and away1 from tho base line By placing these telescopes upon a graduated arc the precise angle formed by the telescope In tho direction in which it is pointing from the baso line can be accurately determined All that now remains to be done Is to calculate how far a line would have to be run out In the direction Avhich tho two telescopes are pointing from tho base line to an Imaginary point with a base line between 6000 and 8000 miles long and the point made by the conjunction of tho two lines must of a necessity bo the distance of tho sun This has been accurately determined as being 89000000 of miles In our northern winters and 93000000 of miles in our summers The moan or average distance would therefore be 91000000 of miles This difference In the suns distance from tho earth is caused by the earths orbit being an elliptic Instead of a true circle Having found the suns distance wo now start out to ascertain its size There is a very simple method for this experiment Take a small disk or coin Place It over no eye and close the other It is obvious that the sun cannot be seen at all Slowly move the disk forward and away from the eye and you will carry it but a short distance when the disk will appear to be Just as large as the sun from the point of tho eye What have wo now First a point which Is tho center of tho eye A baso line made by the diameter of the small disk Measure the exact distance at which you held the disk from tho eye and drawn lino from tho point of tho eye on each side of the disks diameter and you have an elongated triangle This measurement has been perfect Now make a simple mathematical calculationias to tho width that another base line must be if the sides of tho triangle you havo Just made are extended to a distance of 91000000 of miles and you havo the diameter of the sun Multiply this diameter by threo and tho circumference is given The great triumph of astronomical science came when the spectroscope was invented and spectrum analysis was able to determine the condition and composition of tho sun and planetary bodies The spectroscope consists of two small telescopes with 4f 10 BLUE GRASS BLADEJ a prism mounted between their respective object glasses The rays of Jlght enter and are rendered parallel by one of the object glasses They then pass through the prism and separating Into their different colors enter the other telescope arranged for that purpose and fall upon the eye Sometimes a third tele scope Is attached which contains a minutely divided scale for measuring the position of the lines thrown upon the spectrum There are certain well known rules that govern all spectra When the light of a solid or liquid body as of whitehot Iron is passed through a prism the spectrum is continuous and con sists of a series of distinct colors varying from red on one side to violet on the other If the light of a burning gas containing any volatilized substance be passed through a prism the spectrum Is not continuous but is characterized by bright colored lines Sodium gives two yellow lines strontium gives one red line silver gives two green lines and each element produces a definite series which Is recognized as a test of Its presence If a light of the first kind be passed through one of the second the resultant spectrum is crossed by dark lines Thus if the white light of an electric lamp shines through a flame containing sodium Instead of the vivid yellow lines so characteristic ol that metal two black lines exactly occupy their place By comparing spectrums produced by different lights from ferent metals and substances with the spectrum given by the light of the sun It is found that the latter is crossed by a large number of dark lines called Fraunhofer lines so named in honor of the German optician who first measured their exact position From experiments of this nature It has been determined that the sun is composed of mineral substances common to all solar bodies being a highly heated body the light of which shines through an atmosphere of volatilized substances This atmosphere Is About seven hundred miles In depth all over the sun and is called the reversing layer Its existence has been proven by photographing its spectrum at the beginning and ending of total eclipses of the sun when the solar crescent is a slender curved lineThus the spectrum analysis not only sheds light upon the physical constitution of the sun but Its lines being so distinctive so marked and varied that many of the elements of which the sun is composed have thereby been discovered NO LIFE AFTER DEATH The belief in immortality or a future state of con scious existence forms the foundation of all religious creeds Destroy such a belief by a promulgation of the physical facts of the universe and it follows that disappearThis from the earliest records of written history even down to the present It constitutes the bone and sinew of the Christian superstition for without it there would be no necessity for agonizing prayers and the liberal contributions of cash with which to keep the system alive and perpetuate a horde of hungry priests and preachers The latter realizing that their very exist ence as such depends upon the perpetuation of such a belief resort to every means within their power to impress it more firmly upon the minds of the cred ulous and unthinking with the result that supersti tion still find a place upon the earth where it is not in disfavor 1t htlSj l J If one would but study nature and discovering the physical basis for all life they must realize that if the basis is changed a different result must ensue and that all life plants or animals manifest the same phenomena betray a similarity in construction and must necessarily reach the same end Life then is not an entity Being a nonentity it is of no higher standing than a mere attribute and an attribute of material substances These substances under differ ent combinations produce a different phenomena Thus if one peculiar combination produces manifesta tinos which we call life then it must follow as night follows day that the slightest change in the combina tion brings about another phenomena anda total change results is what we call death Now let the Christian or the believer in spiritual ism ask themselves the question why man alone of all the universe should be exempt from the operation of this natural law The evidence is against such a presumption for it is a known fact that the law of the universe rules that the potentialities of living things shall not be fully unfolded It is not every seed that becomes a plant It is not every egg that becomes an animal For every germ that succeeds in struggling into existence there are fully a thousand or more that are lost and of that favored few the majority never reachmaturity For many years there have existed thousands of men and women who have discarded all belief in the possibility of the heaven to which Christians point in religous ecstacy Many however have turned towards spiritualism and these while ignoring the Christian view assume that certain phenomena have proven a continued state of conscious existence after death Facts are facts Facts appear the same to all who perceive with slight variations and these varia tions are not enough to change the view of the main fact thus shown If spiritualistic phenomena were true void of all suspicion of fraud this phenomena would furnish proof to all alike who have witnessed it and the belief in conscious existence after death would be strengthened But even spiritualists must rely upon material substances for the produc tion of their phenomena and are grossly materialistic in their propaganda It is also observed that but little of this phenomena comes direct to the person but must be offered through another termed a mediumThe does not like to dispute the word of a lady but there are time and conditions when such a proceeding is almost made a necessity especially so in the interest of truth It is said that a lady doctor of ChicagoDr Rose M Reading who is described it x11kt 7fr d 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 as being about thirty years of age and a nonbeliever in spiritualism and its phenomena has stated that she has actually seen the soul of a monthold babe leave the body at death and that the soul while retaining some resemblance to a human form appeared like cigar smoke Add this to the soulweighing process coming out of Boston of which mention is made this week by Dr Bowles and we have reached the limit of absurdityBut is available for such gross super stitions and that is through careful study of natural law If menand women knew more about nature and her methods there would be infinitely less supersti tion in the world The race would soon come to a realization 01 the grand physical fact that there can be no conscious life after death and that the grave is the be all and the end all of what there is to human life RALLYING ROUND TILL BLADE The popularity of the Blade is well attested by the receipt of a large number of letters from its subscribers and friends pledging themselves to stand by the paper until the finish in case an effort is made to exclude it from the mails Although but two short weeks have elapsed since the first announcement ofn threatened attack upon religious liberty a large number have written us and various sums of money have been pledged in the event of it being necessary to make a call upon them in order to wage war upon those who would dare attempt its suppression To these many friends the Blade expresses its most heartfelt appreciation but also trust that the matter will go no further than its present stage No further action has yet been taken It may come at any moment however Since our previous article on this subject we have not been called upon to make or offer any defense or to give any explanation in any way concerning the articles published by the Blade or as to its policies Under the circumstances the case stands state quo and is just where it was when our previous article on this subject went to press Owing to the prompt action taken by a number of friends in writing the Blade and making pledges of financial assistance we feel that especial mention should be made concerning them The first letter of this character to reach our office was from J P Wilson of Hamilton Ohio who pledged himself for 10 towards a fighting fund i X P- J j L ct21 ff1l if it ever became necessary to call upon him for it jjn quick succession came similar letters from Dr H S Larch of Athens Ohio J L Slocum Owenton Ky R Borders Meigs Ga Following this came a letter from H M Fisk of Pella Iowa offering 100 The foregoing are first upon the honor roll and it is accounted for probably by the fact that they reside near Kentucky and were eager to get in upon the ground floor should a fight have to be made To these and our many other friends the Blade feels free to state that upon legal advices tendered and purchased the inference is suggested that owing to the lapse of time since the complaints were first made and received in Kentucky without action thereon and the further fact that the complaints are from Canadian sources and did not originate with the postal authorities of the United States no further action is likely to be taken than the presentation of some perfunctory report and allow the matter to quietly end withh that Of course the Blade is simply in a receptive atti tude It does not court a contest but it will not shrink if the contest is forced upon us Litigation is invari ably expensive and it is for this reason alone that we express the hope that the matter will not reach the judicial tribunals of the federal government The Blade would naturally be at a disadvantage but the best that can be done will bo done if the issues are drawn upon us We are not discouraged in the slightest degree and our war upon orthodox tyranny and the superstitions of priestcraft will still be maintained Note Since the above and just before going to press another batch of encouraging letters have been received in line with those mentioned above The Correspondence School is growing and it will be able to make a start in September with about a score or more of students If you intend joining you should do so wtihout delay Some dozen or so of our friends have written ask ing that their names be put down for a copy of the yearAsuthat are ordered we would request all desiring a copy to notify us in time panada has not yet succeeded in suppressing the Blade j M MIN f t r 1 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE l i Neoplatoriismlishing Continued from Melito bishop of Sardls A D dedicated an apology to Marcus Antonlus emperor in behalf of the Christians community which Eu sebtus thinks was written A D Pious men he says are now persecuted and har rassed throughout all Asia by new decrees which was never done before and Impudent Sycophants and suc as covet tho posses sions of others taking occasion from the edict to rob without fear or shame etc Again ho says and here Is the thing In a nutshell For the philosophy religion we profess truly Ished a foretime among the barbarous tions but having blossomed again or been transplanted In tho great reign of thy ances tor It proved to be above all things ominous of good fortune to thy kingdom This bishop Melito suffered mutilation for the kingdom of heaven sake Let the reader compare this statement with Pauls declaration In ColossIans 123 If yo continue In tho faith grounded and settled and be not moved away from the hopo of the gospel which yo have heard creatureImade a minister and consider well what it all means I verily bellevp Paul was a Neo Martyr A D in his dia logue with Trypho tho Jew says There ex ists not a people whether Greek or barbarian or any other race of men by whatever appel lation or manners they may be distinguished however Ignorant of arts or agriculture whether they dwell under tents or wander about In covered wagonsamong whom pray ers are not offered up in tho name of a crucified Jesus to the Father and creator of all things Paul knew nothing of the sayings or miracles of Jesus ot the gospels as there were no gospels In his day From what ho says he know very little about the apostles It also appears he knew nothing of the immac ulate conception He preached Christ and him crucified He says Gal 19 If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that yo have received let him bo accursed In 10th verse he says God speaks to them through him and that tho gospel which he preached was not taught to him by man When It pleased God to call him to reveal his Son he did not confer with anybody and especially that he did not go to Jerusalem nor to the apostles before him Here he does not consider it necessary to see these apostles as he runs the whole thing himself Three years after he visited Jerusalem and then he saw of tho apostles only Peter and James lie did not go to Jerusalem again until fourteen years after and asserts that he then went up by revelation not to consult but to communicate unto them that gospel which he preached among the gentiles that to say he had been sent by God to Instruct those apostles who had been taught by Christ Docs this not look as if the apostles were extenuated to a degree Ho says that James Peter and John seemed to be pillars as though ho had never known that It may bo he did not know very much about tho twelve apostles But what are we to think of Pauls declaration In Colosslans 123 It Is not In line with other Christian evidences which I have given and it Is not proof that what Is called Christianity is nothing but the transplanting and embel If itiJ rLt religions to Palestine and Egypt by the Neoplatonlsts The Savior of this Christianity Is com posite being taken from both Buddhism and rahmlnlsm The birth and infancy of the christ myth In the gospels Is identical with the birth and Infancy of tho Ilindoo Savior Christina who is said to have been on earth years before the Neoplatonlst appropriated him for their Savior In those days remember India was many days Journey from Alexandria and the fraud plagiarism was not likely to be soon discovered The Jesus of the one to three years ministry In tho gospels Is an tirely different representation and never was born This Is a conclusive argument that settles forever that much mooted question as to what year he was born or the day and releases God from the uncomfortable position of trying to save tile world by sending and sacrificing his only son and then not even have his natal day remembered He appeared on the banks of the Jordan the Gnostics said a man in appearanceand he began to be about thirty years of agebut still nothing but a spirit He was a materialized spirit as the Manlchean and Gnostic sects stoutly maintained even In apostolic times and there were more of these sects than of the others why not accept their opinion Faustus that highly Intelligent Mantchcan says in swer to the question you also admit Christ was born tNot so for it by no means follows that in bellelng the gospels I should therefore believe that Christ was born As I have elsewhere shown In this article that tho Manlchean and Gnostic sects were strongly Indoctrinated with Neoplntonlsm it will be ap parent that this mythical spiritual conception of Jesus Is purely Neoplatonlc One cannot arrive at any other conclusion when he under stands what was Neoplatonlsm in the early centuries and Its power Many of the be liefs and teachings of the Essenes and Thera peutea were put into his mouth by the gos pel writers Resist not evil but overcome evil with good Sell what thou hast and give to tho poor Love thy neighbor as thyself And again I say unto you it Is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rlcn man to enter the King dom of Heaven See also Matt 1912 as an appropriate ascetic doctrine There are many more bearing on the same Idea that are nearly like the sayings of Buddha There are others of different Import that are probably interpo lations by tho church when it become power ful enough to fix the texts for their agrandlze ment This Jesus of tho gospel was ever the companion of the poor and needy like Buddha was In the other story You shall forgive your brother seventy times seven Is Essenlsm and in strict accord with their be liefs In that miracle of the cure of tho blind man In John Jesus asked by his disciples a purely Buddhist question to wit Has this man sinned or his parents that he was born blind It is evident that these dleclples asking that question knew something of Buddhism and one is constrained to ask how Jesus is made no doubt by some later Interpolater to deny for he says Neither has this man sinned nor his parents but that tho works of God should bo made manifest in him This Is even w rso than If Jesus had admitted the reincarnation idea as this answer admits a conspiracy to defraud this young man of his jViv tl Ad J rlghtsrthat of seeing for a period of twenty years or more All this had been done by God Jesus says so he could come along some day and show his power by opening the eyes of the Innocent victim The Destruction of the Heretical Sects During the reigns of Constantine Vallntln lanus Theodoslus and Justinian the main iness of the church was the killing of competi tion The assumption that we have the only true way to heaven gave the church the sanction of the bible God In this inhuman business and soon the different heretical sects began to disappear Theodoslus sent the Roman le gions through Thrace and Macedonia and laid waste the Arlan cities of those counties kill ing all the men women and children It said that when St Ambrose bishop of Milan heard of tho massacre of Arlans at Thessa lonica he wept This statement U doubtful for we know there was a general rejoicing In jThethe church organization even thus early that was seen later In the massacres of the Al blgenses Waldenses and on St Bartholomews day Fifteen edicts In fifteen years was Jus Unions method of doing away with all here tics Some of these edicts were cruelties of the most Inhuman description They were orAsuch construction as to exterminate the here tlce one way or another They must go ultimatumManynot havo been worse than the belief of their adversaries Under these edicts the Heretical jsects were nearly nil annihilated It never met with but two competitors It did not conquer The Mohammedan whom they fought for years and the Reformation which they in a thirty year war tried their best to suppress This bloody war killed nearly all the able boo H led men of central Europe Massacres of I the most horrible description were perpetuated jThis great church or trust must control the whole people for all the emoluments of all kinds must be gathered Into Its coffers This 11verthe people and forced them to buy their only true way to heaven This was as much a trust as the Rockefeller oil trust The one sold through tickets to heaven other oil and both forced men to buy of their trust as competition was dead It dictated and con trolled all laws for the governing of tho people yet Ignorance wretchedness and misery In creased The people were slaves physically and mentally and there could bono improve ments In conditions only in opposition to the f1defaonly to prepare for the other life and the greater the suffering here the more the hap piness in the world to come Now If this religion Is a good thing for the people as Its advocates today claim why were not the people In the dark ages on the top wave of prosperity and happiness when this church had supreme power Tho reason Is not hard to Christian religion which teaches that faith alone is sufficient unto salvation Is not conducive to the happiness or best in terests of any people Character which is an exponent of true men and desirable people has not of necessity any part as a saving grace In such a potpourri religion as Chris tlanlty That Is why it grow so rapidly among the half civilized nations of Europe Those savage tribes under Charlemagne accepted t J 1 o1 ffro r r I BLUE GRASS f BLADE 13 this religion at his commands end paid trib ute because It was sure to land them In heaven theykilledThe pope gathered In the tributes which con slated of sundries too numerous to mention and as guardian of the public morals he had the support of every throne In Europe to collect It and kill all the heretics within their respective states The great prize tribute catcher In this religion was the unfolded fact that any man could get to heaven no matter what he had done provided ho had money enough or hid friends with money enough to satisfy the church ho would In the end secure a harp This religion was built that way so the people could be commercialized and that Is what ails thin country today The people are slaves cringing under a potism called Christianity which still sings this platitude Faith alone Is sufficient to salvation All our millionaires arc sure or heaven no matter how they oppress and steal of the wage earner so they can prey on them the more easily they may have faith and their harp Is ready Conditions will be ever thus until all such monstrosities as tianity is relegated to the rubbish heap of past religions and burled In oblivion TrtK END DAVES LETTER To His Dear Heavenly Father No3 Copyright applied for by Franklin H Heald My Dear Heavenly Father Have you no Used that the people who make pictures and Images of Christ are putting close on him Does It make you Jealous and angry when you see him dressed up like that Docs he ware close In heven or go naked like he did hear Papa thinks It is an Improvement to put them on him but Joe dont Joe says it Is a sack rallge an proves how de Debll um getln hold ob de wickedness He says he wood like to no how we can tell whO It Is any mo lIe Is awful mad and says the people who bios r feme dat away are mite lIabl to be struck dead wid de blessed lords lIghtnln You woulden do that wood you Would you de stroy the world If we wood make pictures of angels with close on Are they all naked In heaven Aro all the the people In heven naked all the time Will old Tony Comstock hav to go naked when he goes up Will Roose velt and Bryan Do all the wlmmln have go naked too I lave not decided which place to go yet till I hear from you Shud ent think you wood like to see naked people speclly wlmmln The Los Angeles preachers and WCT U wimmen make a terrible houl It a woman goes only part naked hear They think people are not slvlllzed It they go naked like the Mojaves and Diggers and they beg money all the time to get them close Dont they no that you will get Jeal ous and angry Is Steve White naked now One thing sure he cant spoil his close he is najced Will anybody ever call Roosevelt a filthy little dutch liar after he is dead Why did you never havea wife of your own I should think you could afford anything It Is Just terrible how expensive Joes wife Is Ho used to live alone in his cabin and a broom lasted him six years and was as good as new but after he got his wife it only lasted a month A cake of soap lasted him nearly J iq J ff years and now ho has to buy hat a dozen cakes every time he goes to the store Every thing else is In the same proportion he says As Ever DAVE LET THERE BE LIGHT The Alleged Slelghtofhand on the Morning of the FIrst Day Up for Criticism By B Clavern expoundIngdelve right away into the subject before me On this occasion however I find It necessary to preface this article by a few prelimin ary remarks for be It noted am writing this for the benefit of the Christians to teach them something out of their socalled Holy Bible Freethinkers require no teaching ot mindon Bible matter they know the Bible Christians dont nay not even the parsons This is a bold statement and should there bo a Christian who takes exception to this and wishes to challenge me as to the truth of that statement let him or her reply per dium of the Blade and they will find me standing by my guns ready to prove or sert the truth of that statement And now for the text And God said Let there bo light Well on tho face of It I would say it was the most sensible thing God could do to turn light on the matter but the question arises Where did the light come from Because bear in mind the Sun that glorious orb had not been made yet He or she should I say she God did not make the sun till the fourth day and con sidering that he had already1 light I dont know what he wanted to make a sun for at all In my opinion that day was wasted but then we read that Gods ways are not our ways and I think It is a good Job for us mor talsAnd God said Loft there bo light I asked a Christian once where this light came from and he answered me by saying that God was the light himself To this I replied that if God was the light he must have been the darkness too because we read And God called the light day and the darkness ho called night v At this remark my friend with the true Kerristlan love became angry and said It was blasphemy though where the blasphemy came In I dont know I now wish to Inform my Christian friends that I Intend to settle that subject myself The other night had an Inspiration a divine Inspiration Of course you know exactly what this Is dont you And I may further add that what I am going to put down now Is as trueas true asI am lost for a simile Oh I have It as true as there a God above us Lean well forward and lend me your pink little car and listen Ho Got Just struck a match on his trousers and lit himself at a m at p m he blew himself out And the evening and the morning were the first day That Is all Simple Is not If one only has the light of the Holy Ghost in his heart In the 16th verse of tho same chapter we have a lesson on astronomy a lesson In five words viz He made the stars alsol He God took a handful of nothingness and Just slung It anywhere and there Presto there were the stars Still I cannot help but think that the fellow who wrote that nearly forgot the stars altogether but at the very last me ment he thought of It It was a narrow cape for the stars In conclusion I wish to Inform my Ker rlstlan friends that there ard two distinct stories of the creation In the Bible The first one from which I have been quoting Is t called the Elohlstlc story Gen to the Bra verse of the 2nd chapter And the Jehovlastlc from the 4th verso the 2nd chapter to the end As Is usual In Bible writings one story finally contradicts the other And theologians are at their wits end to make them go on all fours Much more could be said on this sub ject but I am afraid this article Is too long already therefore I close in the orthodox fash Ion by saying Here endeth the first lesson Give Em Fits1rt Thats what THEM SCARLET SHADOW Walter Hurls great rad Ical novel does to the forces of bigotry and su perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by the church element Is throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthoddx critics which Is sufficient proof that It Is all right It has created a sensation in con servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy- It is enthusiastically endorsed by leading Freelthlnkers through out the world You all r know how Iluit can write and in this book ho Is nt Ills best It Is an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on Heavy eggshell paper and bound In oxblood cloth Price 160 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky Marriage and Divorce by JOSEPHINE HENRY VERSAILLES KENTUCKYt Thousands of copies or this uptodaU pamphlet are now In circulation In tte United States and England It treato IB forcible style of the most Important prob lem before the American people It shouldsbe read by both married and single by all men and women who desire domestic promptly filled by the author Copy 25 Cents 5 Copies One Dollar FOR THINKERS WHO THINK r 1 Ii 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE Ki Cbe Blades Cotwcspondcncc i J xJxxvThe Blade Is pleased to direct the attention of its readers to tho sentiments expressed In the communications that follow hereunder Freethought not dead It may be slum bering true but when the conflict appears Imminent the Soldiers In libertys great army are ever to strike a blow and furnish the means of battle From the numerous letters we have re ceived and the pledges made the Blado takes great pride In Its subscribers and friends These letters are evidences of a supreme ap preciation and an open admission of the Blades Importance to Freethought If any doubts were ever entertained con cerning the stability of tho Freethought hosts In America a perusal of tho communications that follow will materially assist In dispelling It While the Issue yet In an rnsettled state we extend our heartfelt thanks to those who have so nobly and generously responded Read Has the Right Ring PELLA IOWAI notice in the May 31st Issue of the Blade that the Postal authorities are threatening to bar the Blade from the malls You can put me down for one hundred dollars to defend that caseWhen we are threatened in that way we can easily see the necessity of organization Freethought should be the watchword from start to finish Every Kreethought man and woman bhould he en rolled and be in touch with a central order so we could he ready at a moments warning to repel any onslaught of the foe I was three yea In the fight for the union from to of and I am ready for another fight on this Issue If they can bar the Blade from the malls they can bar every othor Freethought paper In the country And If they can do that they can apply the thumb screw argument also We ought to be woke up a little Any demonstration like you mention would reveal the fact that there are about freethinkers in this country to where there Is but one en rolledH M FISK Will Stay to the Finish CONNELSVILIjEI OI see by your notice in the late Blade that the Blade has been re ported to the postoffice department by some smokestack of hell I wish to say you get In trouble you can count on me for 10 and three times that If It should become sary I will stay with you until the fight Is finished Yours for libertyJ D HOOPER Another SplendId Promise STOCKTON UTAHHaving just received copy of Blade for May 31st and rend your call for help in case we have to fight for liberty against bigots You can put me down for You can call for it whenever you need It for that purpose and will do more If the fight goes on Yours In the gospel of liberty HENRY BOOTH Ready to Respond WISORT KY J have Just read In last L LC ffim Blade that there u probability that tho Hlndo will be excluded or nn effort made to exclude It from the malls I hasten to swer the call should one be made to be ready with my part of a sufficient defense fund to cnry the war Into Africa if need bo Yours for free speech and a free pressII SMITH Would Sell Her Home MOMNK KANSAS see by the made ot the 31st that the Blade threatened by the postal law If It comes to that I think we nersecutingChristianby the dear old Blade I for one will sell my homo need bo to keep the old standby afloat Yours for the good of the causeEL LA T miNT Will Dig up Needed SinOURNEY JOWAI see by the made that the hordes of superstition from Canada are this time trying to sick Uncle Snms Inspectors on you Poor blind bigots But we cannot expect anything else from minds beclouded by superstition nnd depending upon popular superstition for nn easy nnd resneetn bio living Wo stmtilv have to fight for our plain constitutional rights You mny put me down fo J200 ns my contribution to the defense fund If necessary I nm not flush by nnv means but rather than see tho mails tampered with fur ther by those bigots I will dig tin aGoI- more if necessary E D NAUMAN Poor and Old but Willing WATFRHOPO IIIAINI7In rasa you nre called upon to defend your rose regard to mailing the Blndo you run call on mn for five dollars would like to give more am n poor man and out of health I shall he the third of Juno inns and can do but small amount of work In pose we cannot set tho Ttlnds through the mall let us have it by express ono In a month or twoA W TUCKER Puts Blame on Roosevelt SYOAMOTtE TCANSI notice In the Binds of May 3Ist that tho powers that bo propose to have nn Investigation ns to the fitness of the Blade to pass through the mails of this Gad nod morality country of curs All re formers will have to keen their eyes open or the blunts of this country will exclude thing from the malls that Is opposed to their rot and superstition Ono of our most deadly enemies Is tho Catholic Church The priests of that deadly despotism never lose an op portunity to strike nt froothoucht and sm Props free speech and free press Cntholoi rism Is tho most dangerous Ism that tho world over saw Tho time Is not far distant when tho liberty loving people of this Republic will have compel that Institution to bohnvo Itself and keep Its polluted fingers out of their bus that Theodore Roosevelt has done more to fasten Romanism on this Republic than any man that ever held office He has i i k 12j2 W1 LL given the Catholic church a hold this coun try that will take years to overcome To my mind every move he makes proves that he Is an enemy of this Republic and a traitor to all good government He is a stench in GAL NINE BLADE HIG my nostrils nnd I believe ho Is an enemy or every freethinker and reformer In this country nnd the sooner the people relegate hIm and his kind to private life the better He and his henchmen have netver lost an opportunity to stab individual liberty and free thinking both In religion and politics And I say to you thnt I am In this fight to a finish I am a free thinker in both politics and religion I am a socialist In conclusion will say that if you do have to lock horns with that Hydro headed monster you can call on me for and it will be forthcoming F MAYO Dont Want to Miss One DE MOINES roWAFlnd enclosed to renew my subscription on the Blade Your paper Is great If the songs of that band of angels sound ns sweet to rjioso flhep herds ns your writers do to me Well I nm jjs happy ns I can he with them I wish I could write nil I feel Dont let me miss one paper JEFFERSON STONER PERSISTENCE OF SUPERSTITION Continued from page One of the most astonishing things In human history the rise nnd spread of these ab surd end perfectly Idiotic superstitions and tho herculean work required nt the hands of scientific men to remove them from the brain of man hoodlty tradition vested Interests rind the powerful Influence of fanatical and Interested lenders nil have to he overcome it would he Impossible to estimate the Injury In flicted upon the human race bv John Wesley who was not onlv n fanatical propagator of tho superstition of a divine revelation and a crucified God but ho was also a strong and powerful defender cf the terrible superstition of witchcraft another great Injury wits In flicted upon the Ignorant masses of men by the famous reformer Martin Luther who woe a firm believer In a personal devil and on one occasion met his sntrinlc majesty face to face and tried to kill him with an inkstand Tho sanguinary history of the witchcraft whIch darken tho pages of history ought to kindle every good mnn and In every good woman an earnest desire and Invincible pur pose to exterminate from the human mind the kindred superstitions which still prevail cerning ghosts spirits talking with God ting religion and many other stupidities transmitted to us from the dark and distant ages of stnvagcry and barbarism Robert Ingorsoll nearly ridiculed tho devil out of the United States and with n flood of tears which welled up from his greet and loving heart he extinguished forever the flames of hell we must continue the ruble work of this Ilhistrous and immortal man for there still remain n vile brood of pernicious super stitions that darken the social life and utterly prevent many millions of men and women from acquiring natural knowledge which alone can bring brotherhood pence and happiness to the human race How long 0 how long will It yet be before mankind will learn that every priest of superstition an enemy to the human race Muncie Indiana L t r iI I l BLUE GRASS BLADE 15 Six Popular Books Sent Free As a matter of advertisement and to In crease the circulation of our advanced thought literature we will send the following six books free to every reader of this magazine who will cooperate with CONCENTRATION The road to Success by Henry Harrison Brown This Is a book containing pages written In plain and sim ple language by this popular author of New Thought books It a clear and practical treatise on the attainment of success In every walk of life Price finely bound In cloth and gold 100 paper cover THE CELESTIAL LIFE by Frederick W Burry A new book of pages full of brilliant presentations of truth highly optimistic throughout and directing the way to light life and power Handsomely printed and bound Price cloth arid gold 100 paper cover SPRIGS OF POETRY by Norris Sprigg LL D Colorados 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