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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 2, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908080201 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 2, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. r s IJ i W j 3 BLUE GRASS BLADEi Volume XVII Number 15 LEXINGTON KY AUGUST 2 1908 Published Weekly == iiDEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT Itl JiHAItRIET America H OLOSZ and Blade Writer II 1 r i Je 7 BLUE GRASS BLADE Harriet M Closz By JOSEPHINE K HENRY The great State of Iowa Is the home of as able and valiant a band of Liberals as can be found in the American Republic and they have always been loyal and gen erous supporters of the Blue Grass Blade and their aid and encouragement have helped to win many a battle from tyrannl cal orthodoxy nameinWebster City She has for years been one of the Blades ablest and most valued con tributors and her Instructive forceful and unanswerable articles are sought and read with the keenest interest A heathen bible says All the wisdom of Vedas and all that has been written in books is to bei found concealed in the heart of a woman This was written ages ago but its truth is manifested today in the wisdom and courage of the women in the free thought movement It is a far cry from Hypatla to Elizabeth Cady Stanton but the cry of great women through the centuries has struck the same note Truth and knowledge alone can bring liberty and justice to the human race This cry has struck terror to the heart of priestcraft and well It may for there is no other name under the arch of heaven save that of woman wherebv the world can be saved from superstition and slavery Men may ascend the heights of reason extort from mother nature her secrets establish ligious and scientific systems but they never can be just humane or free until they are born of women who have entered the realm of reason and paralyzed the power of priests The life and labors of the immortal Eliza beth Cady Stanton Marllla M Ricker have if had a powerful influence on the women of our country whether they recognize the Iifact or not Women now freely express on church creeds and canons t and parley with the preacher about scrip ture texts Women do not now consecrate their sons to the ministry The family altar and the blessing at the table are as withkby Elizabeth Cady Stanton and her co laborers throws a radium light on what the holy bible teaches about women Harriet M Closz has probed this vital subject to the quick No American woman can so worthily and gracefully wear the mantle of Elizabeth Cady Stanton as Har reasoningIInvestigating courageous fair to oppo nnts yet never retreating when they have discovered a truth casting down the Idols that have held their sex in bondage hold Ing high the torch of reason to guide their sisters When Elizabeth Cady Stanton laid her armor down surely this young Iowa woman must have picked it up and ad justed it to her brain aqd heart Harriet M Closz comes of the sturdy pioneer stock that subdued the great Mid die West and made it a crowning glory of American civilization In the fall of 1849 a company of several families with their iastt f belongings In covered wagons hauled by ox teams left Indiana bound for central Iowa Among them was a tenyearold girl Sarah Brewer who is still living and who is the mother of Harriet M Closz She was de prived of every advantage herself and sub jected to the hardships and grinding pov erty of pioneer days In 1856 J G Bone bright of Illinois removed to Iowa and In 1858 ho was married to Sarah Brewer and they became the parents of six chil dren of which Harriet M Closz Is one These Indianians traveled westward for several weeks crossed the Mississippi at Burlington Iowa and journeyed north of Des Molnes never crossing a single railroad track in Iowa In November 1849 they settled on the site of Webster City which was platted by the grandfather of Harriet M Closz Now began a battle with nature and the pitiless elements to found a home and wrest subsistence from the virgin soil The mother of Harriet in her majestic womanhood selfsacrifice sterling common sense and lofty ambition bullded for ner children better than she know She is one of the unhlstorlc heroines about whom the world is silent yet whose services to her family State and country far transcend those of statesmen soldiers politicians and parsons whom the world greets with ap plause and rewards with place power and pelf To this pioneer mother I bow my head in reverence because her services to humanity eclipse those of the Napoleons Wellingtons and Grants which fill tne pages of history Harriet M Closz says she owes all her opportunities and useful ness In life to her heroic mother and the bond of love and comradesaip between this mother and daughter Is purer and stronger than words can express Harriet was born in an Iowa log cabin during the Civil War and she says To bellvers In heredity my scrapping proclivi ties are quite consistent with the spirit of the time in which I was born Harriet has written a descriptive poem of life in an Iowa log cabin so realistic and scintil lating with wit and pathos that the picture in detail is impressed on the mind This poem was widely copied In the Western press and was printed In the Blade At the age of seventeen Harriet secured her certificate and became a teacher After teaching a short time she was married to Mr Theobald Closz who was then station agent for the C N W Railroad but now holding a responsible and lucrative position with the United States tock yards of is a native of Germany and come to the United States when seventeen years of age Ho is a man of wide infor mation a thinker student and a successful business man Harriet says she abandon ed teaching to assume the role of pupil In the domestic school and facetiously remarks werQ Mr Closz consulted would doubtless declare I had been a disobedient one and no immediate possibility of gradu ating with honors Mrs Closz has done a vast amount of literary work She is always on guard to advance the cause of Free Thought XI t rL1 i hJ J= Her first literary efforts found expres sion In the home department of the Iowa Homestead and so fearful was she of cen sure that for years even her family did not know her nom de plume Pardon a personal reference to the writer of thi sketch Aside from my success after long years of labor In the securing of just property laws for the married women of Kentucky to influence this big brained Iowa woman to become an able free thought writer and speaker is the greatest compensation I have for my yearstof toil and sacrifice But of this our Har riet M Closz shall speak for herself In a private letter she writes After writing for a long time under a nom do plume I later became acquainted with your work for free thought I was seized with the desire to hold up your hands and how well we have succeeded gether we will let the Blade readers Judge I want you to take to yourself the credit if I am a credit of giving me the incentive and inspiration for what I have done and if I ever were given to thanking god for favors I would devoutly acknowledge such appreciations for your acquaintance and influence I am not given to flattery but I want you to feel that I realize my obligation to you t Great indeed is my reward even now for my feeble efforts To have helped awaken the genius and industry of such a graildtwoman for the grandest of all causes is indeed a rich reward for the efforts of a life time Harriet has broken an alabaster box filled with the fragrant perfumes of appreciation into my bereaved pulsating heart Rather a few words of cheer and encouragement now while I am my ears can hear and my heart respond than eulogy and a wealth of floral after I am dead k Flowers on a coffin cast no fragrance backward over the weary way During the absence of Editor Charles C Moore in the Orient the matter for the Blade was written by Dr J B Wilson the Nestor of the Liberal press of America Harriet M Closz and the writer of this Tho lamented Editor a L Green of the Free Thought Magazine said of this com bined effort That if Editor Moore would crystalizo these writings into book form it would be a better seller than a book pf travels and that he Green would carry a page ad of such a book in his magazine Harriet M Closzs pamphlet Woman and Her Relation to the Church or Canon Law for Women is a companion work to the Womans Bible and Woman Church and State by Matilda Joslyn Gage Each contain facts that supplement the two other works Elizabeth Cady Stanton said of it It is the best brief writeup on the sub ject that I ever read Mrs Stanton ordered hundreds of copies of it and dis tributed them among the thinking women of our country Stanton Gage Ricker and Closz These four American women have t probed the dealings of Christianity with women and shown that ecclesiastic high ways and byways are fetid with Injustice disrespect and degrading slavery of every j type for women These women have spoken In clarion tones and aile red proof of their statements yet no clergyman or church council have ever yet dared to challenge their state ments Only an attempt made to bar their works from public libraries One fact makes the system tremble from corner stone to spire and popes mitred prelates q-j d 3 r i v I V BLUE gRAS LADE and rural parsons retreat In silence be fore It Harriet M Closz has beehrfn Industrious member of the Press Writers Association She has done much Writing dn the vital problems of the day and has had a hear papersInthemany able writers on their solution This brilliant Iowa woman has written much In verse and her poems have appeared in the leading papers and magazines of our country Her lines not only flow In rythmfo cadences but she deals with great ques tions that leave a lasting impression on account of her vivid pen portraiture Her 1poem The Womans Burden bas genuine and presents the whole woman quest tion In a nutshell It first appeared In the Chicago Chronicle and was widely copied and Is still being printed by metro politan and rural press What a Ration alist Would Do A Christian Woman Men Who Work the Farm and The Old Grindstone are among her best poems and have been widely read In the near future Mrs Closz will issue a volume of poems which will be an acquisition to literaturet is also an attractive- and instructive public speaker With win ning personality and an expressive face- clear cut as a cameo she at once rivets the attention of her hearers Her voice with Its semicontralto tone has a peculiar charm Dr Wyscarver a savant and scientist of Cincinnati Ohio says that as a t platform speaker she is superior to most of the women orators of our country Mrs Closz has something to say and knows how to say it and this stamps her as an orator She hopes in the future to follow this line of work Let us hope that she will do so r for she will be a tower of strength to the cause of Rationalism In the United f f Christian bible says For since by man came death by man also came the Rationalistsfwoman will the race be lifted to a higher life under the reign of reason and such women as Harriet M Closz are hastening tills evolution The health of Mrs Closz failed about two yearn ago and failing to restore It by many remedies she determined to try a protracted fast She took absolutely no food for fortyfive days but drank freely of water Her normal weight is 120 pounds but when sho concluded her fast she weighed but 80 pounds She was greatly benefited by this long fast and is now stored f to health and her normal weight From childhood Harriet M Closa has realized the majesty of individuality and her lifes bane has been the ingrained Idea of being suppressed by authorized agents f of the conventional Thus have all the spontaneous expres sions of nature been repressed Mrs Closz is a strong advocate of crema tion as a sanitary measure and has written fine articles on this subject To portray- the life and work of this brilliant Iowa woman is Impossible as she is now in the heyday of womanhood With conviction and courage sho has beaten down tho bane of conventionalism She has joined the select company of mental aristocratS who through struggle and war torture and terror have defied superstition and tyranny with regal reason undaunted faces and unreceding steps have unfurled the flag of freethought gemmed it with t i ifrr J 4jl stars until It floats lnttrumph from im 41Harriet frihopored Iowa much more than Iowa has honored her for she is still silenced oy ofthqtioxy and made a political outcast because Sho Is a woman But tho old regime passing Before freethpught the columns of conservatism areretreattng In dlsorijeft The light ot the wprld Is not Jesus but reason and when womfeivawaken this fact the victory over Ignorance and Superstition will delegatedTo both Satan and hell i f upon a Recent Farewell Ser mon from J W by one who heard It knew By Louis Pitcher I recently heard ProfJ W the Bible Col lege of preach first of a ser ies of Farewell at church In church that goes It alone a of spiritual no other church of the Prot estant sectarian no Ron iish church no Jewish synagogue no pagoda no nothing never the npble six hundred brands of Perhaps it Is well that none ot tBe other 699 false faiths have ever set upj hop there to dis years ago for the first time so I heard him again Sunday May 10th after over q third of a een buttIn to him of series of farewells As I united with theV church of the Word forty years ago at the mature ago of 12 mark my rand as I at 18 years from thQ church first call ed at myself the being that of a high church who notified me by letter that It I didnt cope back Mavour neen my Immortal name be from the church reglster and likewise out of the Lambs Book as I didnt return to the fold ft foci that I can tnke a few with these big ones like who and give up a fat salary tho word and letter literally I have a high regard for that Guard who hold out faithful who fought the good fight who kept the strange cramped squalid faith for they ereeall gone but Mc Garvey They with Barton W Stone Walter Scott not Bart John Smith Raccoon and A and were by Moses B Lard BenJ Franklin not tho Prof Mil ligan Robt Graham Profil Bowman Prof Wm Piper Greek sp uler Jno W Mc Garvey and of a later date Elder J B gone save the two latter and the likes o them never to return The modern school of hold what tho warriors they take tho talent artd wrap It in a to find A man on t iiToIn the sunlight ot with guider17On we r41 lessly ride And the parson well leave in the rearii ydonoandpresentsClosz J Passing if A Kentucky Preacher Reflections McGarvey li McGarvey professional theologianyof Providence Jessamine cpuntva monopoly phenomena persuasion wasdesplte religion reposeAs rpeeagtuq11grrthedellverlngVoriC elsewhere precocity graduated Disciples Antlocluby seperratlng orthography dignitary expunged Llteand McGarvoy dhWtjevoluto expoiirtd hqwever dIssolvlngPraetorIan commenced Campbell succeeded philosopher Grubbsall Opportunists bequeatho thembut wide4dopnrtureAnd appeared religioust iTo Versailles Kentucky action who took the literal Bible at what commentaryscreed orChristcircumscribedsome outlying provinces and instead of threwUIlonCommon Sense of Reason He appeared Mosestaking thattheyInsacredbecausothousands thissacredandsacredHeliftedIsnbookiiien from Genesis to Revelation and as an acquirement of men of Immeasureable value to the progress of civilization oftllQHebreweasyHe and hell priest and preacher out of the human heart arid mindfnever more to find lodgment and all the rellglousa classic fpr all time like Josephus Tacitu wonderfulbook controlledbook of liberty justice mercy as it was andInorancehistorianDuring theIchildren pf Israel traveled In the Ahemovable No evolution intellectual no growth no progresshence he has retrograded For there is no intellectual Joshua ystillFarewell dear patient good old McGar thelikesdescendedInto Poil t i f iIV t yX vr rl1 eitt t c 4 BLUEGRASS BLADE religions has taken Its turn Their feet s are mado of clay they never repeat them selves When they die they die all over Of the making of new religious however 3 there Is no end in sight No one woul recognize the religion of A Campbell and f his early Imitators In what one gets today f from their pulpits except In a few Individ ual cases What caused the evolution Bob Ingersoll and higher criticism did Some very bad ones and degrading one ffhowever have swayed multitudes of the unfittheres always a survival of the fittestIn the wide field of human themFxas fied Saints and kindred vagaries and super rThe world will never see again Christians have such phenomenal i success But Its day is over It tapes its place fat and sleek placidly selfsatisfied as only one more sect of independent I commentators with one central Idea t Baptism by Immersion for salvation ot the world and the overthrow of the Devil and all his works If Bob Ingersoll drove them to shelter with f their erstwhile enemies for a common de fense He attacked their Jehovah In a ruminating mood I could not but give t my fancy and imagination full rein Im nodding while pretending to listen to such a dry subject to me as Elder McGarvey gave the same old version announced no I new or novel version made no new depart ure but preached the sermon without en ergy without eloquence with no display of enthusiasm a cold bloodlessmatterof fact settled manner as ho preached it or or 70 years ago I say my fancy roamed in sizing up this old teacher and r preacher and this vagrant thought came to me Wouldnt it be possible in psychological phenomena In his case that he might go on preaching without a change of a hair and yet and yethold views of a more or less liberal tendency withhold ing them on the grounds of expediency as it were- I do not say that there is any foundation in fact for this conceit but Isnt it possible if not at all probable Certainly this old student and thinker and debater knows what the intellectual and scientific world knows had to keep up with the strides of observation and experiment of the philosophy of our day of the theories of the most scientific and advanced thinkers and doers of our day in England France and Germany In order to combat them He Is not like Glandstono when he undertook to debate with Thos H Huxley and fell down because he hadnt changed his textbooks in forty years or like Judge Jere Black when he undertook to debate with Ingersoll in the North American Review and found himself poorly equipped that he begged for time to answer while he got alat of Christian Cambelllto preachers when students came to him Certainly and professors to write out his answers for himI take it that McGarvey knows what Carnegie knows announced agnosticism what Beecher knew what Agazzlz knew what Tyndall Wallace Huxley Darwin holdhisho can tako either horn of the dilemma continueinhis followers are not yet ready to bear i Ii 1 1If HMI t iKiljj what he had for them as Paul announced in one of his Epistles To announce a radical change now ofdbringingand the execrations of his old associates the loss of caste and respect and salary preacherssvately holding another set of enlightened views and opinions and beliefs During the reign of Charles the First and James the Second many Established Church dines were in full sympathy with the Reformation but for private reasons preached on and saved their benefices preachinglposterity heteradox and radical free thought theretwho expressed their secret private and honest beliefs when the danger was passed The whole progress of the theory of Evolution has been announced within the past forty years since the text books Gladstone used Is it possible that Mc Garvey hasnt bought the new onesthose taught in every enlightened institution of was fifty years old when this great doctrine was announced and It is hardly possible that he could be misin formed as was Gladstone because McGar vey all this time has been a teacher and hence I presume a student while Gladstone was a busy politician and statesman the Prime Minister of EnglandwIth weighty questions pressing on all sides for orthodox merely made an Inexcusa againstThosories and scientific facts Will the biographer of McGarvey find among his remains a word or a line or a treatise to show that oven a faint gleam of the light of science and truth ever en tered his narrow orthodox cranium And that he may bo cleared of the charge of ignorauce and find a posthumous tBut again and finally to the sermon It was a farewell sermon but emotionless spiritless as his creed No tender sentiment no pathos no imagination no grindFactsthe coldstorage pulseless dead and damn ed theology No Swedenborglan ingenious shoutingMethodistThe Word and nothing else The doc trine of Holiness and strong Bible for it arid Sanctification ditto exacted only his scorn and contempt The gentle doctrine of God Is Lqivo of tho Mountain Evan vagartessway in Kentucky McGarvey said Barnes says some now things and some true things but his true things are not new and his new things are not true That was a clincher epigrammatically raid but still his true doctrines are wide of the mark or else the AllWise is a savage doctrineseating the body of Jesus Christ every Sunday This true doctrine is fol de rol idiocy monstrous as salvation for baptism and 5C Ji w I r J b damnation eternal in a literl flrehell forever unthinkable of course for the great unwashed twentyIyet for these men personally I have only honestlymlstaken impostorsIn of the shin ing lights might disclose a la Dean CMooreander Campbell Interpretation of the Bible went to convert an atheist They had it up and down and Moore says he converted the free thinker and then bya strange psychological stroke in spiritual phenomena Moore found himself in the atheists shoes a mere exchange of angles oc mental was a remarkable confession and a true one which no one who knew the late Infidel editor of the Blue Grass Blade could doubt HOW DOES THIS STRIKE YOU Proposition to Organize a Freethought Funeral Benefit Society to Which Answers Are Invited By H M Fisk Noticing in the Blado of July 12 the splendid proposition of Brother A J Clau sen of St Ansgar Iowa to conduct secu lar funerals any where within fifty miles traveling expenses only to be paid I press hope there will be many more such offers I am glad the Blade proposes to keep a directory of all such It has been sug gested by some that we need not adopt chrlstian methods of conducting funerals But it is the custom of our people that an oration bo delivered in honor of our dead and that is right Wo should emplqy as able speakers as possible Christians at tend our funerals and by this method we can teach tho Christian world that infidels are not afraid to die Once that Is learned Christianity has lost its greatest weapon I heard the most frightful lies of the horrors agonies and regrets of the infidel on his death bed when but a child I am bald headed now on account of those Christian liesWould it not be advisable to organize a funeral society It can be a society within a society If necessary lot each member pay ono dollar to go into the fund to be paid to the administrator of deceased members at his or her death Assessments can be made from time to time as needed to keep up this funeral fund Some everytlmonot let them pay any sum they wish if it ia only 10 cents put it must be a fixed sum and assessable as deaths occur Each accordingtohopingthatput it in a more tangible form I know that something can bo done on this line to enable us to take the conduct of our funerals out of the bands ot the clergy and I feel that it will If accom 1anyYi f r il 1ilt1 ji BLUE GRASS BLADE I God and Mind Ghosts and Miracles Reply to a Blade Critic With a Few Ques tions Touching Controversial Points In Modern Theology By A A Snow WilliamSmith anegativeanswer them or let some readers reply I repliedsoBefore one can intelligently affirm or behooveshimas it is the most ambiguous term in the whlloImyuttlesixand gravely said Papa there is a god Iknow there is I saw a picture of one thatwas made out of a log and I can make one myself with my hatchet- If we use the term god in the sense peoplobelloving mayknoWor slmUargrounds that we know that no Firstfromestablish the affirmative of such a proposi directlyproving orlloodmiraculousinterference negativetoit from what ho says in his article He questions whether protoplasm has mind and what it is that causes it to build dif protoplasmand withanothera body I infer then that he holds that when matter acts in an intelligent way or in a way that would appear to be brought about by intelligence that it so acts not because of any property of itselt intelligentbeinggod But does matter act in some cases through the power of the gods and in all propertieswithinin other words Is matter m some cases only the foot ball of tho gods acting only as It is acted upon while in others it is itisabsolutely no evidence of its acting any other way Again matter has its primal and eternal primalintelligencewould deceive oftener than we instruct But the elements Imve their likes and likes Oxygen knows carbon from other elements and draws it to Itself Other elements it knows and rejects It does this from its Inherent nature Does not q r it u1+ jj beforeItretaining Wefacttheseintelligent evolutionformed doeWeknow the lower animals learn by experi let us compare the two theories to gether and see which wll accord with facts placesemanatingmatter we know nothing about is an ocean of intelligence from which we are to ac count for the rest of the intelligence of matterItselthigherintelligenceprimal or eternal matter Now what could we expect were the first theory true We fromtheknowItAgainwein the storm in the awful famine that symtlathlesIintelligenthim means to communicate with his fellow men ho himself could surely communicate with man and would enter one loud protest against those priests of god who in the hundredswomen during ages of time He would proselyting JewsHeto damn a man for his belief was never inspired by him He would stay the ofthousandsthey aro done or else out intellects are worthless in giving us any information whatever on this subject or else our rea soning faculties are traps and not guides prison houses and not liberators Wo answertoIn vain do we implore this god yet do wo find intelligence running only in chan evolutionexception of primal intelligence we find chaos We find organisms elaborately builtup only to be torn down and reconstructed on a new plan consistent with the theory manyimperfectionsisms not consistent with the notion of a god We see the ingeniously constructea eatingconstructed human being But 1 must cut this snort leaving tho re t maining questions for others to answer wouldntldndlyties of tho human mindo t Linevllle Iowa THE LORDS PRAYER A Fiction With Some Amplification l LynchOhlGreat spirit of love rTo whom tis said unbounded power Is r1 VaHallowedThy kingdom come Thy vjamen wAAnd wepardonour of VVAndfThy infetters rToBy evilthen iAsAnd wilt praise thee forever and forever amen iIIfLord to us freely give P 1Give1 jsoilVOurWe are worn with working or looking outifor work fOfthetigerOur father up in heaven Why should me be so craven intheQuickly pond us some leaven To create a new heaven On earth and free this land from Jolys lustiAt thy bounteous table Theres more than were able To use If all men had their Just parts rightfulIBut rascals will steal Lord god make them feel The greedyheartsDear lord I implorerGive us one more ReachprayerIllforth thy right hand Lord save this fair land grentSingle i i i V j rtiu f rl r tfA- ti 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE r 5+ tf Current Comment on Public Events t- J + + + orthl1Iethodlstsincere man and desires to enforce the law against all systems of fraud or of fraudu lent design he should solicit the Post Office authorities at Washington to Issue a frauc order against himself From a synopsis of a sermon recentl delivered by him in his church publisher in the Hartford Courant it Is made to pear chat he was at some time previous pastor of a church at Sheepshead Bay of race track fame and that during his pas torate in that famous locality he made tho acquaintance of Innumerable race horse owners jockeys employes and bookmakers He described them as being a goodhearted liberal class of men not much worse if any than men of other walks in life but- he disparaged their method of gambling upon the results of the races It Is fur ther reported that one of the racing fraternity took him 10 task for his strictures and even went so far as to insist that race track gambling was no worse than church fair lotteries auction sales for fake goods and the many little though sinful schemes worked by the church to get the cash This striking comparison wrought Emio what upon the orthodox nerves of the little man and he has just delivered himself of a tirade against the cuurcu methods de scribed and has gone so far as to urge that the civil authorities througa the peace of ficers of the community should get after the gambling church institutions even as they have got after the race track men There is something in these charges that is commendable It is to be regretted that churchmen have failed to grasp tho situa tion long before this But when this preacher condemns the taking of chances in an effort to gain he practically con demns himself His whole theory of religion Is but a taking of chances His en tire system is impregnated with the notion that by giving something here an enormous dividend is to be reaped upon it In tho hereafter All his efforts to extort casn from the pockets of his congregation are based upon the promises he can make them regarding his ability to get his god Into a good humor when considering their individual cases This is worse than selling watered stock In some fake corporation for large sums of money In his very heart the preacher knows that he has not tho slightest hope of fulfilling oven a moiety of the promises he so rashly makes If he is sincere ho may believe he can but his belief proves nothing Taking chances upon or speculating in futures whether the object of the speculation bo stocks or bonds or souls Is a specie of gambling In Its worst form and In each Instance humanity is made the sufferer and the un willing victim If it is true that the betting public at race tracks are bound to lose their money in the end because of races being fixed does It not follow that every member of church congregations must lose tho money they Invest in hope of a harp and a crown for are not these races fixed by his divine nibs before the starters are dt fIR r1 even called to the corirectpreachers or voluntarily resign In both cases we could aptly suggest that It Is simply the old old story about the fool and his money getting separated In the very interesting story comes from the same source for we have another clipping before us which relates that one Mrs William McNulty has been actually dead took a trip to kingdom come saw some strange and wonderful things came back to earth relnhablted her house of mortal clay is again alive and well and what is more is actually able to relate tno incidents of her strange trip Her attending physician a Dr Thomas Mulligan is quoted as saying that the woman was as dead as sho over will be The Christian world has now another choice line of argument and the spiritual ists should fairly revel in the account No one ever thought for a moment that the soul trip made by Mrs McNulty could have been in any other direction than the one suggested The incident should con vince Mrs McNulty that when tue real end comes sho Is bound for a journey up ward and Is not to be subjected to the dread sentence Depart from me Happi ness ought to now reign supreme in the heart of Mrs McNulty Suppose her trip had been In the opposite direction Sup pose sho had traveled downward Instead upward Tho result would have been even more startling for while her present ven turo simply goes toward proving that heaven is an actuality it still leaves hell an open question Tho church would have profited more by the suggested trip than It can by the trip actually taken Blade readers are not required to believe the story here related on pain of eternal punishment Nor do we guarantee eternal bliss if they do It is a matter upon which they can exercise their personal judgment oven aswo have exercised ours We have our opinion about the whole story and in mercy to nil the parties concerned we abstain from giving any expression thereto According to the newspaper account it seems that Dr Mulligan Is now dally re ceiving a large batch of mail from Innum erable Interested persons Some of these are answered and wo are told that some are not Some write him for contributions In an effort to propagate the truth of the celestial trip made by his patient and biggestjokemade by the newspaper giving the report that one person apparently Insane had written to tho eminent doctor and sent him a number of tracts which boasted the ComingTomorrowmember Quench Not the Spirit Tho Feverish Hand Charllo Tom How When Where I Gave My Heart to Jesus etc Only a few years ago such an Incl liIIftlII dent would have been regarded as an dence of great piety Today even Chris tians condemn tho person sending these tracts as being apparently insane The whole affair as far as It relates to the principals involved suggests serious reflections about their mental capacity When the pope of Rome Issued his recent encyclical against modernism and modernists In thd Catholic church denouncing them as sappers and miners who were un dermining the foundations of the church he little thought that through such a de nunciation ho would become one of the sappers and miners which he so bitterly condemned by driving out of the organiza tion the men of liberal mind who had done so much toward strengthening the system in York Sun an extremely interesting account of the resignation of Father Thomas J Mulvey assistant rector at St Edwards church in Brooklyn in which the reasons for taking such a step are given prominence as stated by the iring priest Summing up the entire matter it would seem that the Popo is hav ing much of his own way in saving to the church a priesthood that will humble Itself to him in all things pertaining to discipline and doctrine and that men of independence men of thought and liberality of mind are not actually wanted forcing them to quit tho business or change their attitude toward tho pontificate The church will not lose by the resignation of one priest In America but no man or woman can suc cessfully predict what the end will be the extent of tho Influence upon the Catholic laity resulting from this action and the ture of the church As a general rule a Catholic priest is favored with innumerable personal privileges but with them all must in the infallibilitycome an abiding faith of the pontiff at Rome and when a priest finds himself out of harmony and touch with the supreme head of the church there is nothing left for him to do but to get out if ho be honest in his personal convictions But what is meant and what can be ferred from this process of sapping and mining In the first place It suggests a weakening of the foundations upon which the church Is built Not tho material foun dations of some church building but tho mental foundations from which have sprung up doctrines creeds forms and formulas The higher and intellectual criticism of the ago has had its effects upon the minds of oven priests and that the priests may keep abreast of the times remain in close touch with the spirit of progress they have been compelled to absorb much of modern thought and In a measure expound it to the laity beneath them Tho Popo recognizes the extent to which this has gone Every church organization in Christendom Is go ing through similar experiences l It is one of tho stages of mental progress The deities of yesterday are not good enough for tomorrow Mans notion of god changes with the changing mentality of every age These Influences are bound to strike the Catholic church with greater force than the Protestant denominations for the latter simply exist by reason of having broken faith with and allegiance to Rome Father Mulvey has adopted the only hon est course open to him He found It Im possible to retrace his steps and maintain his Individual honesty and refusing to be bound by papal decree ho shuffled out of tho cassock quit the church and announces w rv- BLUE GRASS BLADE 7tji himself a free man His letter of resign tion and his statement to the press upon his reasons for so doing must atract the attention of the thinking people In his parish and Rome must ultimately find Itself with weakened support as one of the direct results of this act The resignation of Father Mulvey puts It up to the Pope as being one of the most formidable of the sappers and miners In the ranks of Mod ernism In our last Issue we made comment upon the trial of ReV P E Maddox of Texarka na upon a chargQ of heresy and In a brief footnote stated that he had been found guilty and had been put out of the Presby terian church by reason thereof But not the half has yet been told The trial Is bound to result in a decided benefit to the cause of Freethought and we here give a report of the proceedings published In the Fort Smith Ark Times It says Rev F E Maddox the Presbyterian clergyman who was suspended by the Ouachita presbytery at Texarkana for preaching doctrine not in accordance with the rules of his church conducted his own defense and is said to have made a decided Impression in his closing specie He fairly shocked the Presbytery by paying a glow ing tribute to the late Robert G Ingersoll as a great and good man who had put theologians to thinking and who would be bet ter appreciated fifty years hence His ad dress is said to have been wildly applauded while those prosecuting him were fre quently hissed by the crowd which packed the church The above is rich In eloquence It Is a confession that the work accomplished by the beloved Ingersoll has had and ia still having its effect Powerful in life he is yet powerful In death for his burning wis dom still stands as giant pyramids com pared wits the drifting sands of human speech That the discredited minister made such an able defense for himself Is not to be wondered at when we consider the influences that guided and inspired him That the audience wildly applauded him Is an Indication that it was not in harmony with the church for does not the report also state that the churchmen were hissed as they conducted the prosecution strongerthanIt is a barometer in which the popular will may be more accurately measured Argu ments of Freethinkers are frequently term ed mere assertions and these may go Heeded but tho most rabid Christian wor shipper cannot get away from the facts as they are here presented Better still they are furnished by the church Itself Heresy applauded Old fogoylsm hissed Whither la the church drifting and what can be said about the rock upon which it Is said to have been built Rev Maddox Is adjudged a heretic His entire congregation with but one exception Is heart and mind with him These too then must also be heretics Maddox may return to Texarkana and con concerningChristianity with him On the other hand he might do better by renouncing tho entire scheme be coming a free lance preach the of Ingersolljstriving f y fOr The really educated man knows that the bible is a truer book than ever it was und more valuable All the men who read books and all the men who write books are ou our side Dr Aked the imported Rockefeller preacher who holds forth at tho Rocke feller church in New York is accredited with having thusly spoken It does not sit well on a thlnkng mind If Dr Aked can believe and relish his own statement he is not the man sonic people wjud have us believe he is If the bible is true at ah cannot be truer now than when it wa truthfortrue may be shown to be error for appearances are frequently deceptive Granting that the olblo has only seemed to be true In the past It mght be believed by some to be true now but the majority know that it is not truth Neither is Dr Akeds state ment true Asa matter of historic fact of known fact the bible was more strongly believed In years ago than it is today For the bible to become a truer book Implies that it was once false and while growing more true may yet become even truer sill And who but Dr Aked would In this enlightened age insist that all the men who read and write books are on our side Is it possible that Dr Aked and his clan believe themselves to be In a class by thomselve8 or does he fancy himself so especially favored of god even above his fellows that god and Aked constitute one side as against the side the people are on f Paine wrote a book the characters of which still echo down the ages Is Paine on Akeds side Ingersoll wrote and read books Is Ingersoll on Akeds side Hux ley Darwin Owen Spencer Lubbock Tyndal the master minds of Europe and America have all read books and written them but not even Aked or Akeds god will dare assert that any of these were on their side Many of the Blade subscribers read and Rome have written books but we venture the assertion that all of them would disclaim both Aked and Akeds god physlca1factsIf their reading and writing be of the most useful variety are against Aked and his god and willing to stand up and bo counted on the other side The solid truth Is that Aked Is Just blow Ing himself and has literally disobeyed the Injunction to think twice before speaking Jesus bo the meat and drink of life as the preachers claim It is evident that ono Billy Williams an alleged minstrel evangelist who recently disappeared from Dos Moines Iowa leaving his wife and child penniless believed It a wise thing to secure and put away a large quantity of tho liquid Jesus and to accelerate its stimulating Influences by the additional use of drugs and opiates Realizing the splendid graft that lay in preaching Billy Williams conceived the notion that by playing tho evangelist and using his talents as a professional minstrel playijaupon a season forlardentand the money taken from foolish women and ignorant children went to the bar i p t i rooms Not content with this Billy also took to doping and the drug stores got their share of the coin for the poisoning decoctions that eat away the body and brain of men Reduced to poverty his wife and child on the verge of starvation Billy vamoosed and in a little while was located at Moline Ill by Sam Small an other fake evangelist who Immediately set about to look after him This is not strange for fakirs have an affinity for each other The result is that Williams Is to be placed in some sanitarium to bo treated for his vicious habits at the expense of believing chrlstau folks while Mrs Wil liams announces her intention of returning to the stage to earn bread for herself and let us suppose that Billy had remained a mere minstrel and had never espoused the cause of Jesus and him fled What would have happened to himtwouldhaveSome bluecoated representative of the law would have pounced upon Billy and he would have found himself Involved In legal meshes trying to explain his conduct to liquorcouldabandonment of wife and child because of au unnatural appetite would not save him preacherthings justiceandpowersof errFREETHOUGHT Blades Official List of Those Who Are Ready to Officiate When Death Makes a Vlllit Let us respect and honor the memory of our beloved dead When the grim reaper comes and some one Is needed to conduct such funeral cere telegramtoanImmediatecases the travelling expenses and entertainment must be met while a freewill offering alsoheThe Official List J Josephine K Henry Versailles Ky StreetCincinnatiParker H Sercombe Editor Tomorrow 139 East 56th Street Chicago Illinois John R Charlesworth Lexington Ky Marlon W Marley Bucklin Kansas A J Clausen St Ansgar Iowa Manley A Brigham Rumford Falls MainerOther volunteers are needed that sections of the country not covered by the above may have their wants gratified Ed 3 41i i to d iNjc 4351tYrit7 f z FIjlf 8 GRASSBLADErBLUE GRASS BLADE 4 Published weekly at Lexington Ky ti Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited byhlm until his death February I JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor r 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box t 1 SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance each r Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six 4 months cents each I Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES JZOne Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 508 one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month 400 six f f Cfc2oiu0mnnwhyo1Sr collmn or larger advertisements special ii rates upon application 2 The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements t rt offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES t ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the f expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers f or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal In case of dlsclntlnuance 1s SlOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North Limestone Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given retheJn welcome- THE BLADE Is enterd at the Poatofllco at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE t P OBox Lexington Ky LOYALTY AND RELIGION Under the meaningless title of loyalty trans formed into religion Prof Josiah Royce of Harvard University undertakes to argue that its highest expression is to be found in the human will or desire to believe in something eternal and to express that belief in the practical life of the human being Further bolstering up his theories the learned pro fessor insists that religion in any form is an effort to interpret and to make use of some superhuman world When those intrusted with the education of future generations would thus offer arguments drawn from mysticism the race can hope for small improvement from that direction Even a Prof Royce ought to be able to comprehend that so far as human knowl edge extends that so far as the ultimate human hap piness is concerned there is no superhuman world and the only world with which humanity can deal is the world in which we live the world in which we must all die The attainment of human happiness ibi V J i f 1ifj f ii z i must be of the present if it is to be of any value to man To continually postpone this ultimation for an indefinite period to some indefinite condition of existence if at all affords no hope of ever attaining suchIa state and the loyalty of which he speaks if it is to be of any service to man must be applicable to world 1 conditions as we know them and experience them Besides is this not a god governed world if the cur rent theology be true Then being godgovernednow what right have we to expect anything superior in some superhuman world which must also be god governed If the god of Christian theology be true is ho not unchangeable Then being unchangeable must not the conditions that surround his government here be the same conditions that would surroundany other form of government adopted by him Granting this much then we can only conceive of the same struggle the same contest the same inequality and injustices elsewhere under him as here Loyalty finds its greatest expression in the love and j devotion ofa person to a given cause Thatcause may bo for good or evil It is not the cause but the devotees appreciation of it This loyalty may be measured to an extent by the sacrifices made in its behalf and it is undoubtedly true that greater sacri fice is made for the propagation of the Christian form of superstition than any other known form on earth We may trace this phenomena to the fact that the system is admirably constructed to such a purpose Its creeds and precepts have been concicted with the one object ever in view to inculcate a sentiment of adoration for something held to be super human and to encourage the belief that this something superhuman can and will intercede for pleasure or pain as between the individual persons believing or disbelieving therein Mans experience must in the end be determined according to his pressing needs and all experience is limited beyond this h The best transformation that could possibly be made of loyalty is to make it a real practicaleffort for the uplifhting of humanity in general and thetindividual in particular Ignore all supposed super human beings or agencies Turn to man end man alone Whatever improves his condition in this world of which we know something must tend toward improvement in any other world of which we know nothing Improvement means progress and progress makes for greater perfection We cannot bave too purpose Its creeds and precepts have been concocted much of this worldism We have already had too much of other worldism The here and the now of which Ingersoll spoke should bo made the objective of all human effort ijM6 r ft J Tt tc 4 to il 4 tf BLUE GRASS BLADE A THEOLOGICAL FAROE OOMEDT Omnipotentgoodand omnipotent evil coexistent in continual conflict constitutes the basic elements of the Chris tian faith The one contradicts the other Creative gods vicarious atonements redemption through faith the belief in immortality prayers preachers and all that go to make up the system of Christian worship have for their groundwork the belief express or implied in the notion of two conflicting forces in nature Both aro alleged to be omnipotent irrepressible One strives for unadulterated good and the other for mmixcd evil Man is the puppet or the instrument upon which these omnipotent irrepressible forces operate for their mutualor indi vidual benefit Man is powerless in the hands of either Both forces aro said to possess a willor mind dominant and controlling under which man falls for weal or woe If the Christian world could only bring these forces into a direct personal conflict each to war upon the other to tho end that both could be exterminated mankind would be happier for the deal As things now stand the Christian offers his god on one side with a sugarcoated pill to catch unsuspecting humanity and the devil on the other side with an evil pleasure to dish out from which ho hopes to tempt man into sin and punishment Isnt this fi great scheme The Blade had it been ro quiredcould have invented n much better plan but our was not sought when this elaborate system of spoliation was constructed hence humanity must suffer under it until it is wiped out of existence For proof of such a doctrine reference is made to the agonizing night spent by Jesus in the garden of Geth samane for we are told that while his disciples slept ho meditated with the high mogul on heavens throne in anticipation of what was soon to bofal him His resistance of temptation by the devil is also pointed to as offering proof of his divine character and this is used as a picture for men to dwell upon in the notion that they would bo bettor off would they do likewise What kind of rest did Jesus need bodily or spiritually l r If it was more bodily rest then ho was subject to the same physical weakness that afllict all humanity If it was a 1 spiritlof need was ready to perform With omnipotence Ilmoment what had Jesus to fear Being omnipo tent how could ho be made to suffer pain If Jesus was the embodiment of omnipotent good how could tho devil I i t ii J the embodiment of omnipotent evil succeed in tempting him Can the human mind possibly conceive of omnipotence yielding No good man can be tempted to the comrmission of positive evil save through deceit and treachery So when the devil as it is recorded sought to tempt Jesus by the promise to turn stones into bread did not Jesus being omnipotent know that tho devil was merely trying to deceive him arid that the promise could never be fulfilled If it was a part of the divine plan to fool somebody tiro scheme has proved an admirable success judging from the numbers who profess to believe it If Jesus was god or a part of god he knew long before the incidents occurred just what was going to take place everything that would happen and what the result would bo He knew that ho was to come into the world in the form ofa man that he was to suffer that ho would be betrayed that ho was to be subjected to temptation that ho was to suffer death that ho would rise again that rcmany would believe and that more would not believe that heaven was for those who accepted him and his pilgrimage that hell lay in wait for those who did not accept him and- y t in spite of all this we are asked to believe on pain of eternal punishment that divine omnipotence went through all this farcecomedy order to offer an oppor tunity for mankind to accept him and believe in him through faith alone when the physical facts contradict it at every essential point The entire Christian scheme is based as previously stated upon a belief in omnipotent good and omnipotent evil Good gods and bad gods at constant war with tho alleged soul ofman as the objective sought for Both are y given equal power and helpless man is left as a more pi ceo of mechanism for these gods to toy with Men and women have been made the cruel sport of gods long enough andas the blessed light of Science dawns upon the mind penetratemail will then recognize and enjoy his freedom and majestyrOur next issue will contain a picture of the late Col Ingersoll and a sketch of his life and work Other articles will be contributed on tho subject Being tho anniversary of his birth the Blade hopes to use its columns on this occasion in striving to create an Ingersoll Memorial senti ment as being ono of the greatest minds of the nineteenth century in all America Those desiring extra copies should notify us at once so that we may make ample pro vision for them rDont overlook the Correspondence School The Bladesleas built great hopes on this institution but it needs tho helpof all to make it the success it ought to bo Q 1 J R 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE EVERYBODY GET READY The Blade directs tho special attention of its readers to the program appearing in another column of this issue for the annual convention of the Buckeye Secular Union to be heldtit Canal Dover Ohio Sunday September next The program shows that the members of the Union are active energetic and attentive to business It also means a busy time It contains the further suggestion that there will be a shaking up of the drybones of orthodoxy and plenty of material to furnish tho preachers food for thought But friends money is needed to mako ita success If all the Freethinkers within easy reach of Canal Dover wool attend the convention or unable to do that send a donation 1toaid in making tho gathering a success much good would done for our cause and every Freethinker would bo bene fitted thereby It is also announced that the convention for the Materialist Association will follow at the same place holding forth on Monday and Tuesday September 7 and 8 Additional speakers are on this program and taken altogether these should bo made the occasion for a reunion of the Free thought hosttt Any Freethinker wishing to donate to thus promote the cause are requested to address President George 0 Roberts Dennison Ohio Donations may also besent to Eliza Mowry Bfiven Brooklyn Connecticut box 7G THE CORRESPONDENCE SOHOOL Four more weeks and the School will bo open This is the beginning ofa now and important phase in Freethought propaganda and we still hope for a hearty and liberal support from all friends who can approve of the plan Owing to business changes and changes in the personnel of its accepted students We have a positive enrollment of sixteen students with about twelve more promised and others still have the matter under consideration In addition to these a number have bought the textbooks for their individual use without joining the school so whatever the finalresults may be the school can claim credit even for theseDuring the past few weeks a number of the students have purchased their textbooks with a view to looking them over in order to become more familiar with the sub jects to be taught by the time the schoolwork is actually started Tim Blade advises all students who have not yet obtained their textbooks to do so at once that they may have the same opportunity as others Tho lessons and examination papers are now on tho press and these will be ready for distribution before tho end of the present j month Tuition fees are now due and upon payment thereof the scholarships will lie immediately issued Several friends have written us saying that they will buy a scholarship in order to help the school and present it to some worthy student To all these wo now suggest that tho name of the student to bo thus favored be sent to us at once that tho scholarship may bo properly made out and sent to the person indicated Such students should also be advised concerning their textbooks and any further delay as far as these are concerned will bo a positive drawback to them While the number of students actually enrolled will not pay the expenses of tho school through the ton dollar tuition fee yet wo will both start and run the school tho allotted length of time taking upon ourselves the liability and responsibility thereof To this end however suchof our friends who can afford to do so are requested to aid us by such contributions as they can freely give The cause is worthy It is for a liberal education that is bound to make against superstition in all its forms and strengthen the propaganda of Freethought Since tho publication of the School prospectus we have decided upon the textbook for Zoology It is compiled by James Orton with revisions by Fred Dodge It is a publi cation of the American Book Company and its catalogue price is 180 All students in the school however can obtain a 20 per cent reduction plus postage by ordering through the School or in the name of the School The safer plan is to order through tho School and then no mistake can occur in regard to the book Many promises have been received from friends in the matter of securing students for tho School Wo hupo that these promises will be carried into practical effect during tho present month To all friends of the School wo now urge their coopera tion and active support Send us names of students 01 a donation to help the SchooluTo all students we urge a preparation for the work Secure your textbooks and procure tho scholarship The day isat hand when the school begins itctual work and wo hope to mako it tho nucleus ofn great system of propaganda for Freothought in America Enough has been said from time to time through tho columns of the Blade explanatory of what tho Schobl proposes to do Pur friends should bo able to understand the matter thoroughly by this time Wo must now place it in tho hands of Blade readers in particular and the friends of Freethought in general Ours must neccssarilly for some time to come be a labor of love but wo hope by earnest effort to make tho school a power for good in the l4ndand aid in the work ofoverthrowIng orthodox superstition with all that it implies l hlttf i f o If t BLUE GRASS BLADE i7 11 MENEMENE TEKEL UPIIARSIN In a sense every rending man and woman knows what is meant by the expression concerning tho hniuhvritiitj yin tho wall Literally interpreted it spells Failure The Christian church for many generations has pointed to this incident of Bclshazzar and the term has been used as a favorite figure of speech especially when the clergy i sought to point a moral or adorn a title It has invariably been used against tho unbeliever and it is only within the last decade or so that tho church lies began to realize that it can bo applied with even greater force to themselves Attention has been frequently called by tho Blado to the growing unpopularity of the church and all things pertaining to the church tho almost contempt withwhich its pretensions are received by the great masses Today the church advocates keenly feel these results and in a moment of mental repentance for their innumerable shortcomings- a candid admission is made that tho charge mado against tho church is true Right here a fitting comparison can be made When the bible deity is said to have undertaken tho creation of worlds and systems and inspired certain favorites to com pilo a record of those pretended events this deity had no knowledge or had failed to inspire concerning the planet ary systems their orderly procession and position in tho universe So with tho clergy They have utterly failed to recognize or accept the principles of sociology or to givo one thought concerning tho material welfare of tho masses Absorbed in what they deemed the spiritual demands of the people they did not know that material cons forts wore what the people were in most direct need of and the church entered upon a course of absolute neglect under the assumption that thQ more material wants were gratified tho less inclined would tho people become to tho socalled spiritual and both god and his clergy wouldsuffer as a resultant necessity Now let us turn for a moment to tho PanAnglican conference which has been held in London under tho leadership of tho Church of England This conference was composed of tho bishops and leading clergy of tho religious system represented by the English church the Episcopal church in this country being the recognized American branch thereof According to the report of that conference sent to tho Now York Sun the Bishop of Birmingham who was prevented by illness from presiding over tho conference sent a paper thereto which was read by tho Bishop of Massachusetts in which the first named bishop roundly scored tho church for its seeming neglect of the labor question In this paper which was further supplemented by other clergy present as reported tho ad mission was made that tho church found itself face to fag l rr with the rising tide of socialism and while the majority spoke of it as an ovil to be combated the Bishop of Bir minghams paper gave prominence to the fact that oven in England as elsewhere there existed a rank injustice in tho division of tho profits of industry On this subject the paper suggested that there existed a grinding poverty among tho workers andan extravagant luxury among the idle rich He then proceeded to demand that the church make manifest some tremendous act of penitence in some way for having failed so long and so greatly to champion the oppressed and weaka penitence which ho insisted should be immediately followed by a repara tion ere the wellmerited judgment of god take all weapons of social influence out of our hands Tho Freethinker and tho socialist will be able to under stand what the learned prelate was driving at It is an admission that in all lands where the Christian church holds sway there are oppressed and weak which implies the converse that tho oppressor who may bo strong is there also And this after two thousand years of Christy This with all tho boastings of tho church It is also an admission that wo have grinding poverty side by side with extravagance by idle rich It is a further admission that tho church which is said to bo of god has systematically neglected the peoples cause while championing the cause of tho rich for its own special gain That tho church recognizes its grevious mistake is apparent from the fact that a demand for reparation is made but after all the under lying motive for this sudden change of front is found pic tured in tho expression of fear and dread lest social in fluence bo wrested from their hands After all it is not tho love of justice and tho condemnation of injustice It is not tho desire to see right triumph and grovioufa wrong destroyed or that good prevail because it is right and proper that it should but tho church must not lose social influence and we are forced to declare that just so long as tho church works from this principle alone it will fail And it must fail for from its very nature it cannot exist without social influence From its very nature it must bo on tho side of predatory wealth and against the masses It will preach to the latter to wring submissive obedience to authority But now the lines are being tautly drawn and tho people are drifting from under its influence to slchan extent that reverend bishops can seo tho handwriting on tho wall Calvin burned Sorvctus because they could not agree whether Jesus was tho eternal son of god or tho son of the eternal god Tho world now knows that Jesus was neither If he lived at all lie was no more than thousands of other Jews Avho had wandered from tho faith of their fathers and ho mot the fate common to innumerable re formers it tlt t A YR 5f 7Yt1 ffP3 oJ J i ctt Jftr 112 BLUE JRASS BLADE PROGRAM OF CONVENTION I Buckeye Secular Union Arranges for Splendid Gathering at Canal Dover Ohio September 6 t MATERIALIST ASSOCIATION ON HAND t Are you going to the Convention No use to ask what Convention for there are none now pend ing save those arranged to take place in Canal Dover Ohio September 5 0 and 7 by the Buckeye Secular Union and Materialist Association Bear in mind the time and place ofmeeting The prospects are for an enthusiastic gathering and these societies should be favored with a large attendance The officers of both write the Blade to the effect that every indication points to success and Freethinkers who can ought to attend and give every possible encouragement Let these be a sort of revival for those of our brethren who are fortunate enough to be present Through the splendid efforts of President George 0 Roberts and Miss Loa Lawrence Secretary of the Buckeye Secular Union a magnificent program has been arranged Whileno item but those of business transactions and speeches are given it is also stated that both vocal and instrumental music will be furnished to enliven the proceedings and make them attractive in every way Owing to tho fact that not enough members can pledge themselves as coming from any distance to attend the conventions no special rates can be had or concession secured on Ohio railroads but the Central Hotel at Canal Dover has offered a reducedrate to all delegates and friends at 150 per day The new railroad rate law in Ohio providing for a twocent per mile rate makes travelling easy and should insure a large crowd of Freethinkers from the vicinity of the place of meeting This idea is well expressed by President Roberts who in a letter to the Blade says If Freethinkers would only give half as much time and energy to our cause as they would if they were orthodox then we could make the skypilots hustle some The whole situation is admirably expressed in those few words Let every Freethinker tako them to heart Analyze them arid find out what they mean Actaccordingly v The Buckeye Secular Union program is arranged to take place as follows German educators are now measuring piety as an educational admixture by the inch and the clergy are making loud and bitter protests This is nothing extraordinary neither Is it altogether new Curtailments are encompassing theology round about in all parts of the civilized world and it is but natural that a howl should be made by the privileged class From Darmstadt comes the report that amusement is being furnished the leaders in the educational system and dismay thrown upon the clergy in the dominions of the Grand Duke of Hesse by reason of a state regulation limiting the number of lines the editors and compilers of a new school book shall give to religious matters It appears that the specifications give the maximum number of Inches allowed beyond which the editors and compilers shall not go No wonder the clergy and their follow A The sixth annual session of the Buckeye Secular Union will be held in Hardestys Opera House Third Street Canal Dover Ohio Sunday September 6th E M PROGRAM Morning Session 900 Address of WelcomeSamuel Toomey Response Otto Wettstein 1000Reportof the Secretary Miss Lou LawrenceyReport of the TrensurerMr J Wilbur White 1030 Election of Officers for Ensuing Yea- r1100Short Speech or Round Table Discussion by Members 12 00 Adjourn for LuncheoniAfternoon Session 130Why Iam Freethinker Mr A C Narragon OOLesson from Paine Mr William McCarth- y215What Is Superstition W S English Esq 245What Is Education1Ir Jesse P Whit- e315The Basis of Our Hopes Is the Law of Progress- Dr T J Bowles 430Trolley ride to Tnscora Park Evening Session 730 IdealismMr Walter C Hardesty 750What Women Ought to do Instead of Church Work Mrs Eliza Mowry Bliven 830Secular Philosophy vs Christian Faith Mr John R Charlcswprth Editor Blue Grass Blade The following committees are herewith appointed OrganizationEliza M Bliven Gus A Parr Benjamin Bald win Esq- ResolutionsDr J T Bowles HelenM Lucas A C Narragon PressJohn R Charlesworth Lou Lawrence Ed M Lowe FinanceSamuel Toomey Anna H McGuire Joseph E John stonEntertainmentWalter 0 C Hardesty Nelle M Converse Alfred M Stowe NOTICE The Central Hotel will bo headquarters and a special rate of 150 per day will be given to those attending the convention The Materialist Association will meet in Canal Dover on the 7thand 8th of September and will be present at the meeting of the Buckeye Secular Union The two events cover throe days The M A will also meet in the Hardesty Opera House The program for this convention will be announced in a few days Everybody invited and free discussion free press and free f speech is our motto ers scoff at the idea of teaching religion and piety by the inch According to the published accounts the books shall not contain more than thirty six inches to teach the bible creation story which is a reduction from fiftyfive lines previously obtaining The story of Adam and Eve in Eden has been cut down from seventythree to fiftyfour lines Cain and Abel got in the cut from thirtythree to twentysix lines and the flood story curtail ed from seventythree to fiftyfive lines The Blade fails to see any necessity for the sligr lest instruction being given to the children upon any of the above subjects nor should there be so far as true educa tion is concerned but even with such a curtailment there is an indication of a tendency upon the part of the Ger man educational authorities to retrench upon matters ota decidedly ortho J t r i d dox turn In public instruction Even this much is to be welcomed as a healthy sign of the times and it carries the implication that it is only a question of time when such matters will be absolutely eliminated for with the curtailment already going on there is no knowing when and where it will end The published report of the affair states that the German pastors are bitter in their denunciation of this curtailment and that the educational authorities reply to them by insisting that the old testament history is not good for modern children The authorities have even gone so far as draw comparisons between their new textbook and the teaching given in Jewish schools which show that even as matters will stand under the now arrangement the Hessian children will be given far more of the old testament than the Rabbis are wont to teach y i fftl BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 I Heathendom or Christianity A Few Practical Thoughts Growing Out Of Everyday Life By I M Miller How blessed to live In land where so many are trying In a laudable way to fill their niche in life to gain sustenance for their material welfare This Sunday morning the writer hitched to his buggy to take some salt for a bunch of little cattle on a farm four miles from home that ho had not found tine to see springkeepingusually is done a month earlier hence with everyhourout a crop tending the sheep shearers etc haulingafor hogs feeding on clover Another bring ing home the sheep to be shorn one hoeing out the truck patch one harrowing and planting yet another finishing up planting a large field ho could not get done yester replantingIImany In back fields attending to cares that come to their avocation in the rush of work now on the farm could not even make a guess with anything like certainty Nevertheless it manifests freedom of ethot and action The gods of old Israel are not being worshipped and mado over as something mightier than the laws of na ture inate with atmospherical disturbances by force In tho rising and falling tempera ture laden more or less with moisture to be precipitated upon the earth under cer tain conditions times and places and man has need to use his Judgment in working to meet well laid down plans at his com talking with the young follow farmer finishing the large field one said he hoped there was no harm done to any one by his planting as with more ground to break and plant he thought to use the few good days now left before too late The writer confesed to his running tho planter part of the day one week ago and had these words of comfort given by an old Bible student and observer of pass Ing events who came up as we were talking that every man was a god unto himself If for good a good god if bad a bad god all meant the spirit life enkindled and animated to action by tho promptings of nature at his command nul if there be wrong in anything tho punishment would be felt with life in the bodynot at some future time But says church adherents It is hard to believe in the doctrine of the atheist when one is raised differently That is he cannot or will not think for himself and continues to be lead blindly on by spectral visions- Twentyfive years ago last April on a Saturday we received a shipment of a wagonlop of ornamental trees five to seven feet high that I on the following L t Ji day Sunday transplanted about the house lots along the public road and for some distance along the right of way of the rail road that crosses the farm and public road some rods above the house The of ficials recognized my efforts as a young man with the spiijlt of progress adding at tractions to the farm and had the section men to place gravel stones round about the trees to protect them from fire that might run thru the grass to their Injury Scarcely a month had passed when the sons and daughters of Christian people going to and from church as I had seen them in their Jovial revelry passing cut them down for canes and bedecking their semicivilized anatomy with twigs of ever so green Today had the trees been left alone as those about the house they be an admirable feature to the farm When lamenting to an old friend at the time for the acts of impulsive youth his reply was You are ten years ahead of the times Even more for now Its the ever lasting promulgation ot an untruth that Christ and the devil are supreme and pos sessed of both proceed to show it in all they do regardless of right reason and Justice toward all Tomorrow June 1st the lid will be lifted to permit the shooting of squirrels bnt this evening Sunday mind you I heard shooting out in the woods back of the barn seemingly eager to get the few little squirrels to be found before another gets there and without permit and sibly Sundayschool attendants but not caring if Jehovah of the Jews or any other god of the church of Christ has his weather eye open fearlesly go forth to meet the desires uppermost In their thoughts WAS THE BOY RIGHT Gist of an Ordinary Conversation About Sunday School Etc By John F Clarke- I overheard a conversation between a young lady and a lad of about fifteen The young lady said Austin you have not been to Sunday school for the past three Sundays No said he I shall not attend any moreWhy she asked are you attending some other school tIt Oh no ho said I do not believe that bible business and It seems like nonsense to listen to it Ohl you horrid thing You talk like my papa If you keep on you will bo Just as bad as ho is Is ho bad t I had an idea that he was a fine follow Hes the dearest duck that ever lived except that he is entirely irreligious and is a terrible scoffer Well if he is honest it will not hurt him any Maybe not but people think that he Is queer and some people are afraid to visit our house and it makes our social affairs go wrong 1 1 mind that if I were you I would have fun out of it Oh yes you are a boy and it is dif ferent with you Do you really think that people who act that way are worth bothering about Well you see weghat is my mother and Ihnve attended the Presbyterian church for so long that our society set is almost limited to that class and we do not care to be left entirely to ourselves Did you notice that there are three ferent sets in the church and neither set is friendly with any other set tIt Oh yes we know all about that and t they run each other down awfully too Well said the boy I am going to c out the whole thing Not you of course but the Sunday school and I have taken veryhardBut what did your folks say she asked bestjudgefake and ma said that I would come to my senses by and by GoodbyeGoodbye While the American daily press has lost inthe r be used an index to the mental temper of the people among whom it circulates senseIsmay see Itself It Is little more than a tromdaymolding public thought tho newspapers as a rule print such thoughts as are deem ed to be pleasing or acceptable to their readers In other words they play for antagonizinglikely to confront them Of all the American dailies the Cincin nati Enquirer is among tho largest and may boast a very large circulation In other words it has made itself to an ex tent popular To be popular means that it is acceptable to a large number of people publishingular thought Now in the light of what is hero suggested read the following which appeared in large black type on the first page of its issue Sunday June 28 as the headlines of an article under a London date lIne SKY PILOTS FROM EVERY COUNTRY Attended PanAnglican Congress at Worlds Metropolis For what most church people would call irreverence and an utter disregard for the supposed sacredness of the ministerial calling that headline takes the cake Not a protest has been heard against its publication Tho readers and tho public gener ally have accepted It with silent acquies cence As a rule tho term is used as an ex pression ot contempt for the profession and to see it appearing in a great dally newspaper is a welcome sign of tho times rrrOJ lr l 14 BLUR GRASS BLADE A N NOO- Z O A Y+ t Che Blades Cottttespondence i- wt + + NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNT yy ff Some Friendly Advice i CLEVELAND OHIO Within find check for 100 to stick my label on the Blade up to a higher point Now I am going to f say a word I do not want to continue our Astyou have a work probably you think more Important and It would not bo best for you linesEthe saloon is fast drawing to a last and final struggle and It will come In Kentucky perhaps sooner than you think and I want wlJ1ron wrong side of this question You will observe that the Prohibition party In Its nlatform has declared for trial by Jury on questions of the use of the malls In cases where a postmaster attomnts to throw papers out of the mall This I believe Is the only party so resolving The great mass of socalled Christians and a large number of others following them now think that Free thinkers are Immoral that at least their doctrines or want of dostrlnes lend direct ly to Immorality that the Christian rellgon Is the only restraint an Individual can have to prevent him from demonstrating his total depravity and going to the devil crosslots yourhandsof that freedom that claims tho freedom goodvcobweks of superstition swept away but still realize the value and necessity of virtue and temnerance I hope you will thnk carefully before you commit your subjectGEORGE publicationprespntmanagementof any prohibitory law as applied to tho IndifferentMore School Books MOSIER ORE Enclosed find S425 inostofflco money order for which send me yearscourse defendzenship through the courts you can draw on me for 500 to start with and more If needed We must have free speech and free press It is an outrage on our rights as established by our forefathers to have a censorship placed on the press This Is the result of class legislation I say let us as Freethinkers rally to the rescue The blade Is getting better all the time as an exponent of Justice and truth It Is essential In bringing about a higher intelligence to the masses R W SIMPSON i i Another Student Heard From BRIDGEPORT NEB Inclosed find check for 520 for the four text books to bo used In the Correspondence School I do not wish to avail myself of the discount on the books and give that to the benefit of the Blade Kindly have books sent me at once as I wish to begin reviewing them right away I feel highly pleased that you are undertaking this great task It Is cer tainly a noble undertaking and I hope it can be continued indefinitely and that after it is started those may come forward who are able to help make it a success For one I am willing If others show an interest in the school to give more than the stipu lated tuition to help It nongV ANDER SON Some Straight Talk H4GT3RSTOWN MD Commenting on D W B Murphys July 5th Blade article preferring socialism and Freethought Ive written him as follows I am surprised that you think you can not subscribe for and aid the Blade in Its fight for freedomfreedom of thought speech press and malls tho very bedrock and foundation of all other freedom what so ever and without which no other free dom can exist or be worth fighting for When government Itself suppresses those virtues shall we still further Increase the governments power to oppress through enlarging its ownership of property and men and decreasing their power to resist such tyranny through confiscating all their belongings to this tyrannous state This Ir Indeed socialistic homeopathy with a vengeance The proverbially corrupt politicians who run the government virtually are tho gov ernment or state and how many fold socialistically multiplying their power nnd proportionally decreasing that of their tims can benefit said victims Is incompre superstitionIntolerance wealth or power to propagate and decreas ing that of their opponents Sincerely yours for investigation truth reason liberty and progressD WEBSTER OROH Liked Kidders Article SOLDIERS AND SAILORS HOME OHJOI enclose you 25 cents of postal stamps Please send mo four copies of your July 19th issue I want to send them to my friends who area little off on social ism I think Mr Oriel Kidders reply to tho unquiet host will save them and make a permanent cure For the balance send me some pamphlets of reading matter RICHARD S HIGGINS The List Is Published SHAWNEE OKLA You will please find money order enclosed for 150 Please change tho label on the Blade to 09 I B would suggest that nil parties that cannot officiate at a Liberal funeral without being paid for their services would publish their names In the Blade with the amount quired as I feel sure that there are quite a number of Liberals that are willing to pay a reasonable amount for this service J M BYLBR One More to the Front PARIS TEXASEnclosed find one lar and a half 150 for renewal of sub scription defense of the Blade I will do to the full extent of my abllltyJ W DEWEESE School SentIFT SMITH ARK Herewith I am en closing you WellsFargo Exprestel money order for 400 for which please send me reference books which will be used In your Correspondence School ASHLEY JOHNSON The Blade a Dandyl MONTVALE TEXASI enclose here with a check the same to be applied on another years subscrlpton to the B GB Hurrah for the grand old paper In Its new dress It Is a dandy You may depend upon me digging up a 500 contribution toward the emergency fund If It becomes necessaryE J BUCK Renews and Then Some NEWTON IOWAFind Inclosed post office money order for 150 for another years subscription for tho Blue Grass Blade Put me down for 200 on the post office case If needed Will try and help more If necessary M HUNTER customerF7SEE will ratte Ut s Write today Mention this Paper SEND 10 CENTS ssssffsr u4 u4 TsMssSfiM- tnutlr VUnt j tH tfw r iJ BLUE GRASS BLADE 1 Give Em Fits Thats what THE SCARLET SHADOW Walter Hurts great rad ical novel doss to the forces of bigotry and su perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by the church element Is throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which Is sufficient proof that It Is all right It has cre ated a sensation in con servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy- It Is enthusiastically endorsed by leading Freelthlnkers through out the world You all know how Hurt can write and in this book he is at his best It Is an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bound in oxblood cloth Price 160 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky O M ROBINSON Violin Maker MINNEBuy your violins and get your repair ing done by a man of 50 years experience and will guarantee everything or no sale The Wage Slave A Socialist Weekly that advocates Indus trial to the core EDITED BY A FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports the existing social order Send for sample copy Address The Wage Slave Box Hancock Mich t A M STIRTON Editor Imam Be Sure and Subscribe For Secular Thought A Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti cism In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms per annum In advance single copies 10 cents All communications for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 1853 Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should be addressed C M ELLis Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought 1853 Queen St West Toronto Can 16 MEDIUM SIZE Mens New Thin ModelWatches HAMPDENNo 104 23 Jewels 30 Wm McKinley 21 Jewels 22 same 17 jewels General Stark 17 Jewels 10 15 Jewels 7 Jewels S550 WALTHAM Riverside Maxlmus 23 Jewels 50t Riverside 19 Jewels 21 P S Bartlett 17 Jewels 1250 15 Jewels 7 Jewels ELGINNo 156 or 162 21 Jewels 49 Verltas 21 Jewels 27 243 17 Jewels 22 242 17 Jewels 18 241 17 Jewels 12 340 17 Jewels 10 15 Jewels 7 Jewels CASES All the above In the new Thin Model Sllverlno Screw Cases In Fahys Crown or Deuber filled gold ease guaran teed by the manufacturers for 20 years artistic hand chased or plain or hunt ing case more In 25 year case more than In 20 year case In cases guaranteed for all time screw or hunting 10 more than in Sllverlno case Prices of solid gold cases on application Every Watch Guaranteed Fresh and New from Factory no shopkeepers an accu rate time keeper and if well used good for fifty years or longer Will be kept In order one year Beware of Special movements and cases made nobody knows where and which you crihnot price Intelligently and buy everywhere Also beware of die work engraved casesthey are a fraud Those listed above are known to be the best watches made and If watch Is new and perfect you are safe to buy them where the price is lowest I pay freight Describe closely what you want and let me send you cuts and pricesalso of my Freethought Badges and Ingersoll Spoons Ring Gauge and my great little tract Theism In The Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook Co Ills 1 Six Popular Books Sent Free As n matter of advertisement and to in crease the circulation of our advanced thoughtrliterature we will send the following six books free to every reader of this magazine who will cooperate with CONCENTRATION The road to Successfby Henry Harrison Brown This Is a containing pages written In plain and sim ple language by this popular author of New Thought books It Is a clear and practical treatise on the attainment of success In every walk of life Price finely bound In cloth and gold 100 paper cover THE CELESTIAL LIFE by Frederick WEBurry A new book of pages full of bril liant presentations of truth highly optimistic throughout and directing the way to light life and power Handsomely printed and bound Price cloth and gold 100 paper cover 50erSPRIGS OF POETRY by Norris C Sprigs LL D Colorados favorite poet This book Is like a harp of a thousand strings five hundred poems on such a variety of subject that no reader may tall to strike a harmon ious chord It contains fifteen beautiful Illus trations Price leatherette cloth and gold 100 LOST IN THE BOTTOMLESS PIT by J YtI Howard Cashmere An answer to Ernest Haeckels Riddle of the Universe It pre t sents a new hypothesis for the solution of problems of life and mind Over pages of Inspiration Bound only In cloth and gold Price SIDEREAL SIDELIGHTS by Charles Louis Brewer author of The Elder Brother and Steppingstones to Heaven This Is a well printed book containing a number of profound and brilliant lectures on Socialistic and New Thought lines Price In paper cover only bykTHE TRUTH ABOUT NEW THOUGHT Julia Seton Sears M D The whole world to asking What Is New Thought This answers Ih a clear and concise fashion thatjsatisfies Price If you wish to secure any or all of the abevi books send ten cents In stamps or consr sample copies of our Advanced Thougni pvw llcatlons and we will send you apemat 41W blanks which will enable you to ws t above books free Address THE BALANCE PUBLISHING e Welton Street Denver Colorado The Peoples PUSS Fearless In its advocacy of Freetnought and Reform Published weekly at Blue Island Ave Chicago Ill J B Lenau Publisher Official paper of the Materialist Association Subscription 50 Cents a Year In Canada or Foreign Countries 1100 a Year y oj It SioBLADErz i 1I i c c cf The First and Only Complete Edition of VOLTAIRE WORKSev- er i published in English has just been completed hy the i CRAFTSMEN OF THE STt HUBERT GUILD translations by F Including the Notes of Biographybylathe authors Voltaires lifeand theWIDESPREAD la citItsii of volumesdof XIV by fi prizedClassics eralucidiJ He prccursorola the atr 3 regardedas of 0polesa FORTYTHREE HANDSOME VOLUMES f Inches 13034 Pages over Illustrations of which 45 arc handcolorecLiN hisdramas4wayTHE speciallymaderare of exqulsiteandpil frontispiecebyof THE COMPLETE SET SpNT FREE FOR APPROVAL a of 7 youfreen The rra jto Alt cliter 3pats REMEMBER THERE ARE BUT A FEW SETS CUT OUT COUPON SEND TODAY XOr St JHubert SuUb- WtorJtBbopS AKRON OHIO cft c A nljiT VOLTArRlIL EDITION CraftsmenAKRON wora ii 4DssketKnot r dayss Signature Address C ty StateiateCpoS c Jil m f A Future Life A Critical Inquiry Into the Scientific Valuey of the Alleged Evidences that Mans Conscious Personality Survives the Life of the Body Embracing- A discussion of the Doctrines of Resurrec r Lion of the Body ReIncarnation Spiritism Annihilation Theories of Metaphysicians Phenomena of Spiritualism etc BY SINGLETON WATERS DAVIS An octavo volume of 172 pages with taev frontispiece Portrait of the author and fullJg table of Contents well printed on Book paper and neatly bound In cloth A Future Life Is the title of a book J Just outIn my opinion It takes rank with the best thought of the times oh ttierj subject Every conceivable phase of this 3 mysterious subject Is treated In the clearest scientific manner My Impression 4jon reading It was that all that Is known on this subject up to date Is told here It4lj Is a fortification behind which the g may feel himself secure this very ceptional book Is the product of a mature and qxceptlonallyflno analytical mlhdf J B Wilson M D In the Blue Grassi Blade 01 3Seventyfive Postpaid to npy point within the United States Foreign lOc extra v Published by the Author at 3 854 E Lee St Los Angeles Caj ++++++ O H ++H i No Beginning I By William H Maple THE IDENITY OF GOD WITH TURE DEMONSTRATED a1 The only book of Its kind in existence Neat cloth binding 183 pages two striking Illustrations 76 cents paper binding 81 cents postpaid wre INGERSOLL BEACON CO 71 LA 8ALLE ITCH A k I