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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 9, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908080901 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 9, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. BLUE GRAM B ADE- r Volume XVII Number 16 LEXINGTONtT t DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA EDOM OF THOUGHT II LIA BLUEGRASS BLADEI+ + + + + + + + H N N N N H H H N H N N H- TO nhrlt wrrrtt Jttgrlnn11 X + + c a o o ovWhat mighty r1c lurks In that name What noble Inii HPS are wrought that stir up the beEt and purest impulses of the human heart Ingersoll An Intellectual athlete In gersoll Brought iito the world for agitation for controver fir mental conflict anil the final acqllls Ion of human happi ness Ingcrsoll He whosp words were as chained lightning an imperious knight of the controversial arena with armor shin Ing equipped for battle nt crv point Ingersoll And what glorious conquests ho wrought what a splendid philosophy ho August Is tie anniversary of his birth and It should be made a memorable occasion in the heart of everyman and woman who loves the liberty he advocated Ah Friends Is n tile mere birth of a man that moves po trrlty to pay tribute but the life itself and If wo judge the late Colonel Ingersoll in this light then indeed does it become a pleasing duty for the Blade in Its humble way to celebrate the event as best It can by the manner and method here obtaining Robert Green Ingersoll first saw the light of day at Dresden on the West shore of Seneca Lake in the state of New York on the 11th day of August 1833 just 75 years ago next Tuesday lie was a son of Rev John Ingersoll a famous Presbyterian preacher In his day eloquent anti gifted as an pulpit orator from whom his talented and gifted son inherited his wonderful oratory and master of the art of speech but In a vastly different direction Isis father was of English descent Iris mother formerly a Miss Mary Livingston was born at Lisbon New York and In her veins flowed the blood of the Dutch Scotch and Irish ancestors Ingersolls father mid mother were married at Ogdens burg New York In 1822 Ingersoll was one of five children three sons and two daughters The mother dying while Amer icas greatest oraor was still u mere child the duty of looking after the family es pecially the young children fell upon Mary Jane Ingersoll an elder sister Into whoso loving hands their mother had committed them upon her death bed Tie extreme gentleness of that sister touched the heart of this afterwards great man and the cir cumstances of his early life lie never for got or the sister who had watched so tenderly over him Robert Ingersoll was the youngest of the family For the more Important Incidents con nected with the early life of Ingersoll we cull from the The Life and Reminiscences of Ingersoll by Edwin Garstln Smith now being sold by Peter Tickler of Now York City Ilie began the study of law at tho ago of 18 years at Greenville Bond county Illinois In 1853 be taught school at tropolis on the Ohio River In 1854 worked in tho Marion offices of Williamson county Illinois Was admitted to the bat of Illinois December 20th 1854 Formed b n partnership In law with his brother Ebon Clark Ingersoll at Shawneetown in 1855 While hero ho also worked in a land office with the fatherinlaw of John A Logan Served also as a deputy cir cuit clerk Moved to Peoria In 1857 At itnded the session of tho Legislature that year on some railroad business He and his brother opened law offices in Peoria as well as at Shawneetown Some changes wero made in tho law firm by the admis sion of Messrs Puterbaugh and McCune Ebon Clark Ingersoll was elected a member of Congress several terms and practically dropped out of the law practice Robert G Ingersoll began to practice law alone In 70 About tho same time ho was elected Pr sldent of the Peoria and Rock Island Railway Became a Democratic candidate for Congress in 1800 but was defeated On February 13 1802 he was married to Miss Eva A Parker a beautiful and accomplish ed daughter of B W Parker of Grove land Tazewell county Illinois Thirty seven years of unalloyed happiness to both husband and wife followed In fact to all who had the good fortune to get within that charmed circle known as tho Ingersoll raised a regiment of soldiers in 1802 on the Union sldi of tho Civil War Ho was commissioned as Colonel on October 22 Was mustered into tho service December 20 1801 His regi CavalryFebruaryiment was ordered to St Louis then tho sent of war He participated in tho bat tles at Shiloh and Corinth While tem porarily stationed at Jackson Tennessee In Decembe of tho same year he was ordered out with six hundred men for re connoitring and skirmishing purposes Isis meager command was surprised and over come by a force of ten thousand under command ot General Forrest Ingersoll governmenthndprisoners of war but through the charm of his personal magnetism Ingersoll succeeded In getting himself paroled together with a number of his fellow prisoners lIe ac cepted his p role and went back to PeorIa with his wand nolce who wero both with hIs r nental headquarters No ex chango allowed him ho resigned his comnnise Juno 30 1803 and returned once t lifellsedWite ho was a Don Is observations concerning ala his experience In tho army n Republican which ho an Louis while a prisoner on early part of 1803 AttorIIInolsOgluiUJ Ill Ingersoll became an an nounced candidate for tho Governorship John M Palmer who also wanted to bo Governor circulated the report that Inger ropubMancalled at tho Ingersoll home and asked him 4 If that report was true Ingersooll handed him a copy of Voltaire which tho preacher read and commended not knowing the authors name nt the time but later dis covered it and fled increasing tho circu InfideUtrUnocrlay InguIs01lforquested by many well meaning friends and admirers to renounce in somo public way tohecomeinstead His reply is given as follows particularam not a candidate for n particular office mean that too When I becamu n candidate for Governor I renounced my candidacy for AttorneyGeneral and other candidates were Invited Into tho field I would despise myself forever were I now to become a candidate against any of these biographer states that while Inger soll was ambitious and desired the Gov ernorship yet ho refused to recant his views and forfeit Ills selfrespect Inger soll could not be both Governor and hypo crite Others could and did Ingersoll turned to his law practice and his books Ho rend and studied the master minds of the world Christianity had won a signal triumph in defeating him for the nomination but it was the undoing of tho church power In America Dy his public lectures and his published writings Tnger soll has done moro to undermine the church Influence in America and expose tho weakness of that form of religious faith than any other known man In the history of the republic Of this portion of his lifes great work we need not speak here Others have done that and it Is known so widely and well that such Is hardly necessary Wo have aimed to glvo some of the most Important facts in con nection with his life not generally known After Ircturing throughout the country emancipating the intellect of tho American people preaching tho gospel of human liberty a liberty for Man Woman and Child ho selected Dobbs Ferry Now York as his homo and opened largo and important law olllces In tho city of Now York He had also a New York residence This was on Fifth Avenue Two daughters were born to him Misses Maud R and Eva Ingersoll Ho had no son although tho church industriously circulated a story to tho effect that Ingersoll had told his son to alto his mothers religion Instead of his fathers to live and die by Ho died at Dobbs Ferry July 1839 Wo can IlenryWardThe memory of this ample man Is now a part of Natures wealth The church had preached man Into hell but Ingcrsoll put hell out of man Ills bright genius shone in almost Isolated grandeur In him tine Republic of America uponthedreaded this intellectual Titan nor dared they venture upon tho mountain heights of thought to which ho had successfully climbed Isis every word was a mental picture delicious and rare light and sweet ns Bomo goasamer film upon a summer sea In his desire to improve earth ho gave up hope of heaven and In his earnestness for man lie abandoned a belief in god r rJ BLUR GRASS BLADE 3 His Works the Rarest Flowers in the Garden of Literature Ingersoll Was a Niagara a Resistess Tor rent of Inexhaustible Force In the Great World of Thought By Josephine K Henry This Issue of the Blade Is to commem orate the birth of the one peerless Im mortal Ingersoll whom the world of thought reverences and before whom the world of faith Is silenced The one man who suncrowned with regal reason pass ed through the world and left a trail of light that will last until human thought dies and tho light of the stars is extin guished Ho left a light upon tho altar of tho human mind to guide tho nations to tho radiant future when Reason shall reign and faith and her handmaids Ignorance and fear are as dead as the Goas of Olympus Ingersoll was the one man of our time that by Intellectual forco turned a page in the history of tho world Bruno Vol ney Voltaire and Paine laid the foundation of the Temple of Reason and Ingersoll erected tho superstructure and threw wide Its portals to tho human mind There was about this man tho primal energy and di rectness of Nature Ho was In tho world of thought n Niagara a resistless torrent of Inexhaustible force Tho mind moved In largo curves and swept along In royal unconsciousness of I Ingersoll Majestic Commanding Towering He Stood Among Men Like a Mighty Oak Above Its Fellows By Dr J B Wilson Encomium has been almost exhausted In praise of this wonderful man whoso brain was a storehouse of pyrotechnics forever going off In the gallery of Imagery and bursting Into myriads of brilliantly varie gated stars Wo wonder at that imagina tion which seemed to embrace tho whole of boundless natureof nature secret hid den flue and delicate as well as that stupendous to tho view Now wo wander with him through Arcadian fields greenvelvoted Inlaid with daisied mosaics liedgobordered and fra grant with eglantine jasmine and wild rose through a mighty wood now musical with tho pipe of Its sylvan spirits and now holding tho howling tempest In Its many fingered clutch now by a trickling siring we stand embowered by a paradlmi of green leaves Through woodland solitudes wo trace its rippling course thero with it wind through blossoming shadowy vales With him wo ascend tho mountain and stand by torrents which filter down through creviced darkness from far heights snowcrowned and stargemmed By mighty cataracts mistshrouded and rainbowed with prisoned sunbeams whoso hoarse sepulchral anthems awe tho soul to silence as they sink and die away In tho academic restraints and edicts of tile schools that made the human mind a ering convict beforo their Imaginary gods ghosts and devils Ho sailed from headland to headland and navigated every creek and Inlet where religious superstition lurked to en trap credulous and fearladen humanity Ho was the most powerful orator of the modern world and Demosthenes Cicero and Ceasar with their dead languages and religions were pigmies beforo this Intellectual giant with his living truth and language as his only weapons So mentally panoplied was this man that orthodoxy no more dared to meet him In open honorable Intellectual battle than attempt to observe the nicest proprieties of life In the presence of a hurricane He poured forth floods of eloquence from tho throno of Reason coined from his mighty brain and great heart His thoughts like mountain torrents went crashing and thundering down the crags of superstition then calming and enchain ing the brain and heart of humanity with symphonies of sympathy and love as soft as tho notes of the Aeolian Tho orthodox world poured Its hatred and torrents of abuse on the great Inger soil for these three offendinps 1st Ho denied that the bible was vinely inspired and Inerrant 2nd Ho absolutely rejected the doc trine of eternal punishment- 3rd Ho honestly said he did not know ar t D the Poet foamfretted depths Now we float with him on tho crystal tides of a mighty river bearing upon its polished bosom the rich embargoes of every scented shore and golden strand And so I might go on depicting natures many moods as reflected In tho myriad mind of this masterful man Above all else Ingersoll was the poet Our first thought of him always Is that of light mud shade tint and shape joy and sorrow love and laughter beauty and song sublimity and power Ills thought no matter how serious how calculating and profound was forever bursting Into blossoms Like Milton who Haw not and Beethoven who heard not the sense and spell of beauty was upon him and ho had to speak If a mountain arose somber and stupendous before him ho would seize the clouds unravelled by tho blast and wind their fleecy scarfs around its ragged sides liven the rough in nature the uncouth In man he beautified and adorned Poetry Is tho sister spirit of music mirth and sorrow It Is the apotheosis of senti ment tho blossom and fragrance of all human knowledge human passions emo tions mid language It Is enthusiasm with wings of fire It Is the angel of high thoughts occupying that upperi host cham ber of tho soul that operas toward the suns rising The words of Ingorsoll became luminous just as the poet lingers of this whether or not thero was another life after this one Are our Christian friends dead sure that they know Surely this man who brought a hundred thousand pulpiteers to the defense of their creeds said something of which tho schools had never dreamed- If all Christians whose sins have been washed away In the Blood of the Lamb lived as pure honest and noble lives as the great and good Ingersoll miserable sinners would disappear front Christen dom and there would bo no need ot a scheme of salvation or of a fountain filled with blood to wash away the sins of the world- Ingersolls teachings lurk today In every pulpit In Christendom His ideas are clothed In tho garments of orthodoxy but his gospel of Reason is eating out the heart of faith Tho works of Ingersoll are the rarest flowers in the garden of literature and lovers of Truth Liberty and Justice should publicpublic schools to place before the rising generations tho grandest literature of tho ages and a code of justice and morals never before presented to the human mind Let tho Intellectual world make of August 11th the birthday of the immortal Ingersoll a red letter day mid hold It in reverence and gratitude Versailles Kentucky poetpainter passed over them their phos phorescent glow Twas the music and ryhthni the light and shade the tint and tone of his speech which gave it force and charm Take tliee away and ho sink to tho prosaic and commonplace wouldtrwith these his mind was like a sphered firmament filled with countless fires Ho was one of the greatest among men fist because ho was one of the greatest of poets second because ho was eminently a humanitarian a great and leader Invincible In the sacred for which he stoodthat of the reign lIreIreason Justice and truth So majestic so commanding and Ing ho stood among men that I can liken greenheadnel tine awakening sun and last to receive his dying smiles first to withstand tho forco of the blast and first the thunder and lightning to defy Still greenrobed and towering he stands in our memories a mighty teacher among then looking down upon tho sophistries superstitions cruelties and errors of a de caying faith even as the towering oak of the forest looks down upon tho dead snags and twisted knotted stunted shrubs long arrested In their growth What a magnificent personality What a wonderful combination of heart and brain Wo picture him nowa delight to grandAgain like the flow of soft currents which wrap and solve us In ecstacy now like a might cata r BLUE GRASS BLADE T ly ract thundering its ceaseless anthems now llko the whispering of night winds among forest boughs now the tumult and crash of battle now tuned to fireside notes to loves soft accents to childhoods happy laugh now bursting into wrathful scorn now sinking to a mournful melody with the thought of some human sorrow now leaping like a lightning flash from the heart of a thunderstorm now subdued and tender as though ladened with the sound of years of departed happiness Wo listen we strain to catch each word we grow Intensewe thrill with sympathy at sorno touch of stcfierhgwe hate wrong Paine Jefferson Franklin Ingersoll IGrand Quarternlon of Illustrious and mortal Heroes With Name and Fame as Imperishable as the Stars By Dr T J Bowles In previous articles not ii single line has been devoted o the subject of religion have strictly confined myself to the sub ject of superstition a hideous monster which have a valid right to believe all intelligent lovers of humanity will gladly assist in banishing front this beautiful of the readers of this article should have a trembling fear that If superstition is destroyed religion will die let me com fort and assure those timid mortals that the life of superstition and tho lire of true re ligion are not bound together ono is the malignant child of Ignorance hate and vengeance and the other Is the beautiful child of Intelligence love and goodness superstition was horn In the dens and caves of savagery in th dark and dismal past enlightenedbrainand throbs with love and sympathy for all the scns and daugutors of men would bo glad to devote nn article to the sublime and sacred subject ol pure re ligion but for ho present must confine myself to the slimy and hateful subject 111ssIlIgFranklingthe wicked superstition that prevailed in AMAZING GRACE AMAZING TRUTH By H D Kausett Amazing truth how sweet the sound That saved a dupe like me once wits lost but now am found Was blind but now see Chorus Oh how I love reason Oh how I love reason Oh how I love reason Because it sot mo free defy error loathe superstition and scorn injustice wo glow with condemnation of persecution we triumph In the victory of reasons martyrs we soften to tearswe laugh wo burst into thunderous applause Great ho was as nn orator but he far celled In speech great as an actor but far greater as painter and poet and as such ho will be longest remembered In the course of time the battle of freedom which he fought will have passed Into ancient tory but the music that flowed from his lips of gold will live as long as affection warms the human heart and tho classic grandeur of his speech will forever stand their day Unit kings are appointed by the almighty ruler of universe to rule and enslave and oppress mankind For thousands of years this devilish su fancilyinthrough all the dark and cheerless cen ifcrlcs overflowed with blood and tears and sorrow these grand men broke the power of this malignant superstition and gave us the priceless blessing of freedom and now In the bright morning of tho twentieth century It surpasses all human comprehension thlt thousands of men still continuo to defend this vile superstition of the mddle ages Puro rnlifsicn suffered no harm from the Slorlou life and work of the illustrious and Immortal Ingersoll who banished the devil from the United States and completely extinguished the tires of an eternal hell Paine Jefferson Pranklln and Tngersoll andimmortalare as imperishable as the starstheir gratefulheartsthat lire yet to be through all tho cen removedfromthe ghosts and devils of superstition and prlcelosshlesslllgtheir value to tho human race Immcasuc ably surpasses all the priests of nil tho ages from Melehlzrdek down to tho pres ent holy and Infallible Pope of Rome It now develops upon the enlightened Twns myth that taught my heart to fear And truth my fears relieved ulllenrIhe Beyond Gods Devils Hells and snares havo already collie My searchlight shields mo from all fears And truth will shield mo on Justice has promised good to mo Reason my hope secures JI In tempted thought like Phldlan forms of faultless symmetry- He gave the world a wealth of sentiment that will live as long as charmed lovers wander wooing over the vineclad hills as long as summer breezes are dimpled with tho chasing waves of childhoods merry laugh as long as there are fireside affec tions and leavetakings and homecomings as long as music and art and beauty and trust and progress and patriotsm are in spirations of the human mind as long as pity paints a rainhow fringe oer the for saken crushed and despairing hearts of men men and the educated women of tho civi lized world to finish the grand and glorious writ of Paine Jefferson and Ingersoll and when he shall have succeeded In complet ing the task to which they dedicated and devoted their lives the pure religion of love the fairest lower in all the world will bloom In every hear and lu sweet fiiigranco will fill the homo of the toiling jiiHions Wo cannot hope to lift tho awful burthen that now weighs so heavily upon tho weary shoulders of tho human race until wo exterminate tine vllo brood of supersti tions that still persist throughout tile world we cannot hope to empty tho prisons and the asylums of our distracted country until crucified saviors divine reve lution and vicarious atonement take their legitimate places iii tho mythology of agery and barbarism for every ward poll tician every grafter every votebuyer every headier every hiboroxplolter every bn lot box stnffer every franchise rubber every timber thief every jury briber every bank wrecker every seducer and betrayer of women nearly all these swindlers and vII lains tire tile foul whelps and the filthy spawn of superstition they have been with god and knelt at the shrine of supernatural religion and had their sins washed away In the blood of a crucified god How long 0 how long will It yet bo before mankind will learn that true re ligion has no kinship whatever with super stition Muncie Iiul Truth shall my shield and portion As long as lIfo endures And when this mesh and heart shall fall And conscious lIfo shall cease Babes yet unborn will tell the tao Of liberty and peace Ah hells will soon dissolve like snow Gods light refuse to shine Then reasons light will reign below ijla Liberate mankind BLUE GRASS BLADE Ii I Ten New Commandments Intended To Be Used and Followed By All Men as a Substitute for Those Given By Moses By Harriet M Closz 1 Thou shalt have no other god than the ono which money and church Inlluenccs places upon the throne anyImagosiastical petticoat and marked with the seal for the modern god am a Jealous god conferring olllco and Influence only upon those who servo me faithfully and pay my assessments oven unto the thhM and fourth generations Thou shalt not utter the namo or this mighty god with Irreverence or com starvIngners hereafter shall bo thy portion Remember the Sabbath day to the end that all the poor and sick and dis orleisurechurches where they may bo taught humil philanthropicand substance Bo obsequious to thy earthly master decreedthatTo him that hath shall be given but him I Lincoln and Ingersoll ArmyOneBroke the Shackles That Fettered the Human Intellect By ExSenator Perry Engle of Iowa thoMlsslsslpJlI visItedheardtheofrighthis companions ho said Buys If ever I get a clmnco to hit slaver III hit it hard girlsowedgreat heart- Thlrtyono years afterwards Llncolns chance came Ho kept his word By Ma proclamation four million slaves wero stored to liberty On tho tablets of memory for all ages IngersolltholiberatorclvillzaUonis Homo without Caesar Protestanlsni DarwinElectricity IngersollLiving souls when our nation was seething In tho turmoil of a bloody civil war Hobert In gersoll raised a regiment and with coln helped to hit slavery hard Chattel that hath not shall bo taken away even that he hath Thou shalt not kill without the sanc tion of ruler or priest but with It thou mayest make wholesale slaughter either at little own fireside or In foreign fields Thou shalt not commit adultery less belonging to the chosen thou mayesi conceal It front the critical eye of the COM respouslbilityvictims Thou shalt not steal a paltry sum but thou mayest loot the heathen wrecK savings banks and form mergers to be called to high positions in the sanctuary and stato councils Thou shalt not bear false witness unless the glory god aboundcth more through thy lie and un thatbet Thou shalt not covet that which is thy neighbors but thou mayest take over orIllsmay not dwell In thy heart Thou shalt pray loud and fervently thyfellowsgive such kind deeds so long as thou con tributes liberally to the support of the sUllelsttlous slavery was destroyed but Intellectual slavery still remained To millions liberty byblood tohothat was to light ibis war for mental free nlcader n Ingersoll was a master of literature and OalwlnVlrchowof a groat mind an Indomitable will un matchlesphysique s In tho army of Intellect orrereathoanswerwasIllinoisIllsPresidencyworldEverywhere Immense thongs greeted gifted general figntlng their battles for ltavquite torment They are calling on men to re Theirbrotherhood denouncIng posterityFor dogma reason Ho has liberalized liberatedcomplete with tho namo of Ingersoll left 4 out This earth Is the bettor and life is sweeter and liberty safer because Col Hobert Ingersoll lived On tho urn that encloses his ashes should be carved these words LIBERATOR OF MEN Tho warp and woof of death to him was a mystery In his agnosticism ho said do not know I hope for a better life In lifes battles this great man was oak and steel In repose he was vine and andleftgoldendawnloved justice and adored mercy Lovo way his priest humanity his religion At his HawleymainoDavis Senator Allison and many others of the brightest men of this nation he said Life Is a narrow vale between the cold and barren peaks of two eternities We heightsWeecho of our walling cry From the voice less lips of the unreplylng dead there deathhopohear tho rustle of a wing My brother mistook the approach of death for the return of health whispered with his last breath I am better now Let us believe in spite of doubts and dogmas and tears and fears that these dear words aro true of all the countless dead Tho world Is my country to do good my religion wrote Thomas Paine He with Jefferson Washington Lincoln and Ingersoll hoped and labored to have the Brotherhood of Man realized In tho Re public of the World Each for all All for each From each his noblest deed To each as ho may need Ingersoll said while speaking of Napol eon would rather have been a French peasant and worn wooden shoes I would rather have lived In in hut with a vine growInsrather have been that poor peasant wltn my loving wife by my side knitting as childrenI would rather havo been that man and ofsthatimperialdtupersouation der known as Napoleon the Great homelaffectlollsouls worship and aro blest Once the veterans of blue and gray were entrenched on Virginias hillsides with only tho Haptdan river between them thesYankeoDoodleall over tho Union camps as cheer after patriotismTheil InsplrIIIg1anl1cmonhnllup Home Sweet Homo another caught playingContinued on Pago SixIJ 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE Reply to the Quiet Hosts Recent Article by Kidder on Socialism Brings an Answer From a Woman Writer By Julia C Coons The Reply to the Unquiet Hosts In July 19th Blade takes several conflicting po sitions As It seems to aim chiefly for amusement and to find what might ho done in the line of a caustic and bombastic stylo there appears to bo no need of an answer But It is a pity the author was so little interested In Socialism that he sought In formation only of straw Socialists And It was unworthy even of a straw man to make him believe Haywood Is the Socialist candidate for president Socialism was not Intended to ravor Idlers and while there Is excuse for these employing caustic vindictive or ridiculing language concerning it there is none for workers to employ such in a discussion of best methods among themselves If part of a school of boys have been drag ging not only their own sleds but those of the others back up the hill but finally resolve to desist the boys accustomed to being waited on may have occasion tor abuse but not the one or two who prefer to continue being lackey These may tinue at their pleasure but have no oc casion to abuse those who quit In trying to reach correct conclusions we must consult averages and not pick up Isolated cases There may be many un married men who receive five dollars a day waste It on whisky and then blame existing conditions but I doubt It Vivo dollars worth of whisky a day or half that would soon incapacitate any man from earning fifty cents a day But the average wage paid working men In this country Is 447 per year while the average products or work produced by the same working men is 2500 The difference over 2000 Is paid for rent on tools and machinery Personally I see no objection to taking or paying rent for either houses or machinery provided both parties can have a hand in the bargln Under the present regime the capitalist sets the price both on the machinery he has to rent and tho labor ho has to hire and tho laborer can accept or sit down and starve Lower rent on machinery and higher wages will result In more homes for tho laborer and conse quently lower rent for those so fortunate or unfortunate as to own more houses farms horses or tools than they can them solves use Consequently those who have a superfluity of these articles may have to take a hand at healthful work themselves to eke out expenses It seems quite possible that Socialism with capitalistic officers might prove almost as great a failure for tho majority as the present capitalistic system This is where tho great change Is to hein tho kind of officers When wo elect Idlers to office wo have no right to even expect honest government Of tho Idle class from which our officials have been chosen not ono per cent Is honest for If honesty means anything at all It means honestly paying ones way through tho world Of tho working class from which Socialist officials will bo chosen at least 90 per cent are men who are honest and reliable In every sense of the word Violent measures or any general confiscation of property are not advocated by tho better class of Socialists Such may bo the doctrine of a few halfInformed agi tators A Socialist president could bo elected and servo his term with no more upsetting of general precedents than would follow Bryans election A gradual raise In tho wages of laborers because of lower rent on machinery a gradual shortening of hours because of laborers added from the Idle ranks no more mortgage free homes consequently less demand for rented houses and a falling In rent tho removal of children from factories to schools there fore more work for adult Idlers and a de mand for more teachers and an Inevitable Increase in education Intelligence and morality duo to the better facilities are the main changes that a Socialist regime would inaugurate In addition tho party is pledged for tho collective ownership of all means of transportation and communica tion the extentlon of tho public domain to Include mines quarries oilwells forests and water power tho absolute freedom of press speech and assemblage as guaran teed by tho Constitution and the treating of religion as a private mattera question of Individual conscience Also for a grad uated Income tax equal suffrage tho aboli tion of tho senate and of tho presidents veto power Socialism Is cooperation It Is a family sitting down to a quiet and wellordered table This Is the direct opposite of our present system which can hardly bo com pared to any human family in existence but may bo compared to tho method of eat ing among a class of common domestic nature does not change with a whirlwind nor with a sudden changing from an old political party to a now one But Father Time will attend to human na ture Look back fifty years and seo chat tel slavery defended In nearly every pulpit In tho land Human Ideals change and with them political parties change Every man under Socialism will bo al lowed as much land as ho and his family can cultivate at least as long as there land enough to go round And on this land ho will build as good a house and other im provements as he desires or his cash al lows No party and no laws can entirely do away with competition but they can do away with tho necessity of choosing be tween competition and starvation To claim that all will bo alike In worldly goods or that all will have to work Is nonsense But contrary from present con ditions tho man who works longest or hardest or to the best advantage or at tho most disagreeable or dangerous Jobs will have tho most for his labor But men will not bo likely to work themselves Into n premature grave under tho horrible specter of a pauperized old age an oc curenco very common at present Certain unfortunate classes such as doc tors preachers lawyers teachers and gov ernment officials will have to continue to work for wages or fees after the main Industries have been put on a cooperative r basis But some of these classes time will eliminate any need of Tho teacher seems destined of these to continue absolutely necessary for our children will always bo In need of education- In this connection may also bo mentioned the fact that much work that is now done would under Socialism bo left undone The underlings of tho present who cater to tho idle rich from tho valet and poodle washer to the writer or preacher who racks his brain for excuses for competi tion will gradually turn their efforts Into useful channels There Is very much or the energy of the present whoso real value to mankind can only bo represented by tho minus sign- Socialism will not do away with all tho Ills of life certainly Tho havoc wrought by fire cyclone earthquake and much else must be endured as in present Nor need we have any fears that It might bring tho race to perfection at least In this question Socialism will not work at variance to Nature and as all men aro not born equal Socialism could not make them equal if it would But It can extend to each and all equal rights and an equal chancoachance for each and all to cultivate tho highest character the highest typo of citizenship that they are capable of Continued from Page Five LINCOLN AND INGERSOLL bluo and tho gray became a harmony or color The cheer of tho Yankee and Johnny turned Into a charming cadence DoLt armies cheered and cheered those heavenly strains home sweet home This was higher better and more than patriotism it was fraternal brotherhood Whero I a Raphael of language I would paint two pictures I would paint tho sighs of despairing men the walls of weep Ing mothers tho moans of starving chili dren I would paint tho background black as an Egyptian night I would call this picture bigotry In the other I would paint the light of hope In weeping eyes tho dimple upon the faded cheek I would paint all that lives guides and succors all that loves and saves Over it all I would paint tho bow of promise like a perpetual bene diction This picture I would call Free thought AUNT ALLIES PROVERBS Reason knows no fear Fear knows no reason Redemption for humanity enlighten ment Intellect clasps hands with science Walk paths of peace In freedom The first step toward Intellect and true Reformation is freedom of mine Let not errors of belief handicap progress Be earnest for action persuant of Intel lectual growth Womans highest right is selfownership Love Mono makes perfect purity BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 i Current Comment on Public Events 1 eNNNHHNN N N N e eNNNNNNNNNNNNNHt The most casual observer cannot full to notice and to bo deeply Impressed with tile manliest tendency of the Highest Ju ulciai tnuunal in tne land to stretch the consiitutiun and statute law In such a way ua to savor this or that religious denomina iion whereas a Strict construction and ap plication ot that sueotancuor ol liberty would impel a maintenance oi tho spirit ol extreme liberality unit marked tho irauiers of that famous document Mills tendency is now so marked and being done for purely political purposes It tilts become u uisimck uanger and the patriotic American citizen wouiu do well to marK these signs through Chief Justice Fuller a decision has just ueeii rendered tau Supreme tourt of the United Status coming from iorio itch on appeal In which It is held tact the itoman Catholic church has a right to acquire and hold property as an Indi vidual or a legal pursuit without the necessity incorporation under tile local law In this country such a right accruing to tile church has never been questioned i reethinkcrs question the right of the government exempt church property born equitable taxation but the cuurcu owner snip of property as an organized body has not been up lor discussion And yet m no other instance under our laws both state and federal can any body of men or women form themselves into an organiza tion and acquire through purchase con tract uud bo contracted with sue and be sued us such a body unless duly incorpo rated under the lucid law It appears how over that tho Porto Itictiu authorities at Police took a different view of tho subject and sought to compel by law tho Komlsh church at that place to incorporate Itself under tho law The church carried the case to the United States courts and up to the court of last resort with the result aa above stated olJjcctionractual Issue throwing this religious Cerbe I rus another sop by saying Tile Holy See still occupies a recognized place in International law of which tho courts must take judicial cognizance Tho proposition that tho church had no corpo rate or jural personality seems to be com pletely answered uy an examination of the law und history of tho Hoinan Empire of Spain and of Porto Itico Can Justlco Fuller point to tho precise recognized position of tho lloman Cath olic church In international lawl What rec ognized position lees it have in England In Franco in America aye and oven in Italy What part Is tho Holy See au thorized to play In tiny International lawt What question of International law could tile pope of Homo decide and what nation would submit any such question to him for decision What objection could the pope anyforcelaw by any nation on earth Then why must our courts tako Judicial cognizance of this recognized position Can It possiuiu that Justice Puller would consider iuti pope as u ufcteruiiuing lacier m any judicial question coming tieiore him Jjiu uuoticu Duller auuili and recognize me l ijo s aiiegeu position in uiaKiiig the lie ciaion here rcieiTeu tot it tins be true ttiui there are soils alto siioais ahead upon wmcii our constitution slay uu wrecKtir siiaubrtu uroKta und renucrcd absolutely listless to a tree people it is truo that prior tuo loss temporal power by tau luipacy evtn tau uiuteu biases mamtaiueu a uipiomalic ruationsiiip wall the Vatican i 4411 ucitgates have since been omcuuij received by those authority m the United buttes as sued lUll treat till the circum stances in mo case it like a Strong lor catholic votes in elections rearing In mind tills decision as it con corns tile church m Porto uico wo ale con strained to comment upon tile effect it will navo upon tile property of the church in tuo inlilppiues In any event it will bo teresting and serious enough to demand a close watch by those who desire to see American Ireeuom perpetuated beyondItsusual early age is growing beyond a mere fad and is at last attracting the attention ot eminent French physicians who claim that old ago is merely a term of disease witch can ultimately bo treated by a specilic as wo now treat diseases that are in tae nature of infections and likely to come epidemic Uut what is tho motive and what does It prove If the Christian religion bo truo tills world Is but a vale of tears a mere burdensome passage to a happier state or condition which every true believer should bo desirous of getting through with as speedily aa possible Heaven Doing tile eternal ultimate and oarlh but a transi tory condition why prolong the transition and delay tho ultimate Few can enter tain a doubt but what our swift sort of lIfo and living may have a tendency to in crease tho death rate Where formerly It was held that the allotteu span of man was throe scoro years and ten now tho life expectancy tables of tho Insurance com panics put tho overage end of mankind at sixtysix years This difference of four years may bo one of the results of our Christian civilization but there Is no just ground upon which the Christian can strive to extend It To do so would bo an implication that after all ho has no desire to reach or is In great hurry to reach tho Now Jerusalem and would prefer stay yellrs10nCould the Christian world be brought to that stage wherein It would strive to prove tho low years wo are now enjoying instead of working at the late end of life to Induce a prolongation tho prolongation would follow tho improvement for there Is nothing so conducive to longevity as hap illness and contentment First give us im provement Improvement conies with In r dividual freedom Extend freedom then and longevity will set in without medical aid Nothing kills like worry Too many people worry themselves into an early grave Existing conditions are conducive to and produce worry It Is a worry to live al all A worry to maintain life This calls for improvement that worry may disappear and with the contentment that must follow cjtt lltiuip will Improve that no man of science need experiment with life In an effort to prolong It Like a tired yet con tented child midi may lie down to the ever lasting sleep without a fear or a groan without a pang of regret or despair To accomplish this we must first destroy the deadly Upas tree of Christianity The Brooklyn police made a recent raid unexpectedly of course upon the congregation of the churoli of the First Assembly rf Christ and arrested a number of women whom it Is olauneil following the mandates of their particular cult were found at tho time of the raid in too decollettee a cost ume to be considered even decent Strange to relate the offenders were women as tho newspaper reports make no mention of any male person being In the church at the time and services were In progress The women In interviews given after the raid Insist that the policemen were altogether too smart deny that they had their skirts off or anything else and with a degree of positive assertion insisted that the Lord was on their side and that they would win out nod show the world hove cruel it was The Blade is not Informed just how these foolish women conduct their form of worship but it must be in some sort of strange fashion shorn almost of wearing apparel for the raid was made it is said upon neighborhood complaints and the re luctant females were hauled before a mag istrate when they gave bond for their ap pearance Still wo wonder why the orthodox religion has ouch a hold upon the hu man mind Has It not been too frequently urged that women constitute the backbone of the church organizations and that with out the women tho church would soon per ish And Is It not a fact The more fool ish the religious fad the greater number of women It attracts even to the exclusion of morals and propriety Start a new cult and It is a ten to one shot tnat the first converts will be women But for the fool ish women who followed In the wake of Brigham Young and Joe Smith inormonlsm would have died out In a year but the women kept It going and according to Mormon teaching and practlcct tho cult must have boasted considerably more wo men than men or iho life of Brigham Young was a failure Going back to religious tra dition or history call it which you even Jesus nude an impression upon mafmen and ho wits able to boast and a Magdalene In his selection of our sympathies aro with womankind The mother of tho race is en ourhmlllllthey are always at the grave If opportu tilehOllOcape any drastic punishment of the law thatIssystemTheybroughtthem J 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P 0 Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 150 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Flvo trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents PIT month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 606 one year 1800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will bb discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up in advance The iolIgfos the paper will show scribers the date of e subscription Buck numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this olllce giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the PostoJIlco at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky ROBERT G IXGEIiSOLL Let us whisper the mime with reverence and love lu recognition of the moral worth and intellectual great ness of the late Col Robert G Jugersoll the Blade gladly devotes this issue to his memory in the hope and expects tion tight it may act as a stimulant toall who loved him and honor his name in worthy and fitting efforts to emulate his life and work by doing what they can to strike tho re maining fetters upon Liberty America has had but ono Jngersoll Will the republic ever boast another In vain did the church strive to quench his immortal thought With the Swoop of his mighty intellect he brushed away the fogs of bigotry and intolerance and planted liberal ideas in tho hearts of orthodox advocates His pleat was for universal mental liberty Ho made no discrimination of age color or sex His radiant talent and immortal genius was given to Freedoms cause without solitary selfish thought Ingersoll was essentially the one man of his day and age lie was needed ills utterances were like the surges of the great seal and swept over the nation in mighty volume lie taught that moral virtue was not u marketable commodity and that tho church had no monopolyon of l 1 goodness Ho perceived the errors of tho church and with shafts of unerring logic he ruthlessly and fearlessly ex posed them to public view Ho explained tho difference be tween theology and philosophy revealing tho absurdities of the one and demonstrating the great beauties of the other lie took god out of tho universe and delivered tho universe to man When we think of the moral courage such a work demandedat tho tinge it was undertaken tho many sacrifices made in the interest of a common humanity the innumerable charities ho indulged in without ostenta tion tho sublime beauty he inculcated and expounded for human life the glory he threw about tho intellect ofman wo can but perceive even a moiety of the greatness of fngersolls character and life From different sources tho suggestion has been made that an annual custom be inaugurated among Freethinkers for an Ingcrsoll memorial to take place on or about tho anniversary of his birth Some have suggested that Paine and Ingcrsoll bo memorialized together No matter which view may find popular favor the Blade agrees with theIprincipal proposition to memorialize tho name of Ingorsoll with appropriate ceremonies as each birthday recurs Just as Thomas Paine laid the foundations for political and religious liberty in his day so did Ingorsoll take up tho workof putting those principles into practice and how well he succeeded posterity will testify The suggestion should bo acted upon and practical steps taken to make tho memo riala fact t Jngersoll taught that doubt was tho mother of all knowl edge Only through doubt can examination and inquiry bo made Doubt leads to progress and change and realis ing this Ingersoll sought to encourage the doubter into active thought Ho taught that truth is ever young that it never grows so old that it must bo accepted on faith alone JIo explored the great ocean and revealed tho con tinents of truth ho had been fortunate enough to discover Above it all he was essentially a man Pity would stream from his breast at the sight of suffering and a noble action made him exultant with pride In tho home in tho public places ho was ever and always tho sumo tho one true great and mighty Ingersoll Human vocabulary is inadequate for tho Blade to ex pregs its love and admiration for this greatest of all Alter ieansof tho Nineteenth Century Wore we able so to do wo would pluck from language every flower of thought and expression weave them into an everlasting garland with which to bedeck his precious name and memory JJo loved and appreciated till that was good in men and women and those within whom these virtues shino tho most love told appreciate him- Jngersoll made his appeals to tho rcason of tho people ignoring tho coarse insults of tho church Ho refused to sling limo with tho lepidosauria Ho bore himself in men J WlJ r f BLUE GRASS BLADE tal battle with all the grace and courtesy of an Arthurian knight The battle which ho so successfully waged against priestcraft and superstition twin evils that have afflicted humanity so fearfully and long will pass into future his tory as the mightiest struggle waged hono man for human liberty and human rights since Rienzi contended single handed against the gilded robbers of Rome All honor and glory to him who planted the standard of Freethought upon the mountain heights of morality amid the polar snows of human virtue and love and with clarion call inciting honest men to follow where he had dared to lead PAPAL DESIGNS ON AMERICA The voice of the tempter is again heard in the land With siren song he would beguile the unthinking into a subversion of the very principles upon which our govern ment is built Let tile expense maintaining the schools bo borne by tho State Atheists nonChristians should be excluded from any oflice of authority This is tho attitude of Cardinal Gibbons towards tho public school system of the nation and his feeling toward those who are not of his particular form of faith And who is Cardinal Gibbons Simply the recognized head of the Roman Catholic hierarchy in America an institution that is alone responsible for the cruelties and agonies of tho Dark Ages an era which he would reintroduce were ho per mitted to have his own way Various comments have been matte upon the recently published utterances of Mr Gibbous concerning the religi OilS scholastic and political creed of the confederated States Few of them seem to grasp tho full meaning or true intent of this representative of the Papacy in America Ho lays great stress on his view that the government should support the school system to bo established under tho name and authority of tho denomination to which ho belongs lie also insists that none but denominational schools should receive governmental support thus excluding all who are not affiliated with some religious or orthodox institution Front tho records given by the last census it will bo found that less than onehalf or scarcely more than onethird of tho people of tho United States express or proclaim any allegiance to any form of religion Therefore this ac creditedagent of tho pope would suppress and oppress tho millions who find a home on tho sunkissed fields of this glorious land because they do not mill cannot agree with him and see divine revelation through the sane orthodox glasses as himself In other words ho wants all to belong to him Aye even tho Dark Ages again But why does ho suggest that tho State should bear tho expense of maintaining the schools Who in tho name of Tile Devil and Tom Walker maintains the schools now Does not tho State Ah We catch it The State docs actually support tho schools but it is not tho State of Catholicism Thanks to the Revolutionary Fathers there are millions in America who are yet able to acquire an education to imbibe knowl edge at the fountain known as Freedom a freedom un biased untrammolcd and undefilcd by church or priest A Catholic school system supported by the public treasury would prove a bonanza for 1 one but Uncle Sam is not such a fool as Rome thinks thoughsuch a thought cnuumtes from an American cardinal in the name of Rome But there is a hidden meaning in this abortion he would foist upon the American people Where is it What is it Listen It is n secret plan to usurp the functions and powers of government and to overturn the fundamental principles of religious liberty upon which it is built He would accomplish this by compelling a government support of his parochial schools and by excluding from public oflice all who did not believe in his system of religious faith mid worship lie demands that our sovereign citizenship shall recognize tho right of his church to such government support lie demands soto voce that he bo accorded kingly powers over our public school system Pity the children Constitutional inhibitions does not appear to cause him the slightest alarm But say who built this play house Who first put his foot upon this pile of mud and made his frog stool Tile requiem sung by the winds of American libtfrty alone shall make answer From a strictly legal standpoint tho cause ho now advocates can bo described in but one way namely Treason Tho Catholic church recognizes no sovereignty but its own It claims practically a nation wjthin a nation Un der qnr laws no man can bo permitted to openly defy the mandates of a National Assembly To rebel against govern mental authority is termed treasonable Then this open defiance of our constitutional inhibitions concerning thetestablishment of religion this attempt to stir up strife and animosity between the Amercan nation and the papacy is treason in its most aggravated form Tho advocacy and agitation to overthrow a provision of the Constitution of tho Republic can only bo described as treason The Constitution is not only expressive of tho will of the people but it stands as a perpetual obstruction against repressive religi ous legislation Tho Constitution is the yesterday the day and the tomorrow of our national liberty In that instrument wo find the following Congress shall make no law respecting the establish ment of religion timidno State shall pass any Taw con travening tho Constitution of the United States Those eminent authors of that instrument tho authors of our freedom holding common council in the face of the eruptions and corruptions of the hay i 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE ing before them the murderous past of the Catholic hierarchy at Rome they decided then and there that the people of this grand old Union this confederation of sovereign States all who sought the shelter of her hospitable shores should be henceforth and forever free from the assaults of the bloody Tickle Toby of the saintly devils of RomeLet emphasize The Constitution says shallnot That is mandatory No discretion is allowed Then what greater treason than to allow the Catholic church to de liberately advocate strife among our people and to usurp the Constitution and violate our law to overthrow a princi ple of liberty which our people hold to be inviolate We doubt not that the framers of that instrument which the giddy Gibbous seeks to dress up in a flowing Mother Hub bard the more convenient for squeezing had in mind the very policy which he now advocates By declaring that it shall not be they intended that any attempt to overthrow the prerogatives ofa free people by dignitaries of any church should be deemed treasonable and wholly repugnant to the spirit of American freedom Woo unto this Republic if ever our Supremo Court comes under Roman Catholic domination The priests of destruction evidently aim at such a consummation Catholic interpretations would then bo given to it and instead of being a bulwark of liberty it would be stretched with rub berlike propensities to serve the Catholic faith The Con stitution would be made to cover the tooth and fit the babe Cardinal Gibbons is seeking to hatch Doubtless he hopes it will be fed from the bottle of apathy and indif ference among free peopl- eRELIGION AND CHRISTIANITY Devotees of the Christian form of worship are not neces sarily religious nor are truly religious people necessarily Christian believers Religion and Christianity are not synonymous There lire religious people who do not believe in Christianity and there are many Christians who are far from being religiou- sIt is necessary to a proper understanding of the differ ences here suggested that we know what is meant by the terms used This is not a light or easy undertaking Tak ing dictionary definitions we are forced to the conclusion that Christians have even monopolized these to such an ex tent that some definitions given to controversial terms are not acceptable to an enlightened intelligence Religion may bo defined as a sort of tic or ligament that binds society Christianity is merely a belief in the exist ence of a god denomiatcd the Jehovah of tho Tews as dis tinguished from the gods of other cults and carries with it a belief in all the forms ofmysticism worship and idolatry that now characterize the Christian church True religion does not consist in the preaching of dryrot sermons by men specially prepared therefor or in dressing up in tawdry finery and millinery displays for the purpose of going to hear them Neither can religion be regarded as morality or even a moral sentiment as it is commonly understood for some of the most religious are the most immoral and may mean reverence but it does not of a neces sity imply any sort of reverence for any sort of god It docs mean however a reverence for men a reverence for women and a reverence for children to tho end that the sub stantial rights of each may be protected safeguarded and advanced to the full limit opportunity In a philosophical sense Atheism which is without a belief in any god is as much a religion as Theism which is ready to show a meek servility before any god All the various systems ofworship which pass muster under the name of religion are but elaborate institutions established for the purpose of allegorizing myth created by ignorance Those are not religions in the true sense but by common consent have been accepted as such perhaps for the lack ofa more definite description The man who can sympathize with suffering is a religi ous man no matter what his belief regarding gods and ghosts may be The man who can truly worship all that is beautiful in childhood in true womanhood and true manhood is religious although ho may refuse to recognize all the creeds ever invented as binding upon him The man who strives to attain a universal happiness a happi ness to be shared by all not for himself alone is a religious man though he may live and die without thought of heaven or hell places of joy and pain in the hereafter as incul cated by tho socalled religious systems of the world On the other hand a man may bo a true Christian that is he may strictly conform to all the requirements of the church ho may submit to baptism by sprinkling or immer sion he may eat cracker and call it the body of Christ ho may contribute liberally to tho church funds sing with a loudvoice to be heard by those about him wear a long face as indicative of exceeding great piety read his Bible three times a day or more if he may believe in miracles and that miracles were necessary to establish divine theocracy on earth swallow tho gods and saviors put before him and yet in spite of it all ho has no more religion in him than a shoat or a goat These divergences and differences are the outcome ofan fuller understanding of the externals of our human life an understanding that has been forced upon us ban over advancing scientific inquiry and achievement True re ligion cannot bo defined as a mere faith in god The world is rapidly arriving at that stage of thought where this dis tinction is being recognized When wo assert that Science willultimately destroy religion wo mean those artificial BLUE GRASS BLADE it systems created by man for his own humility andsubjection The objective being to lift humanity from off the existing foundation made of reeds and bending saplings and place society upon a solid and moro substantial basis Wo would substitute reason for faith man for godand make our heaven here instead of in some fanciful hereafter Just so long as a hireling priesthood can say to tho multitude Do this and you go to heaven but if you do this hell will be your portion there will never bo a lack of infernal dogmatic command Once the whole system is understood as being a moro figment of mediaeval theology and its terrors classed with other fairy tales where it belongs then oven the church must become uncertain of itself and its supposed authority The church has long since recognized tho fact that it is incapable of frightening men andwomen into being good Yet there are good Christians These are not good because they are Christians but good from their very nature and would still have been good if the name of Jesus had never been known A WORD WITH OUR FRIENDS Even under tho most favorable circumstances tho publi cation ofa Frcethought paper is not to be considered as n getrichquick concern and many a bravo heart has been compelled to abandon its course What with business de pression a depression created by corrupt politicians for the mere purpose of playing politics and its consequent financial stringency the Blade has suffered as much sis any other periodical in tho entire country During the past few months we stave been fortunately favored with a steady increase in the number of new sub scribers Outside of the help given by a very few friends these have been secured through our own efforts Whore over wo could secure tho name and address ofa liberal man or woman sample copies of tho Blade havo been sent out unstintingly and in many instances good has resulted therefrom But this is not enough The Blado ought to bo placed in a position whereby it is no longer handicapped by being kept upon tho point of a fine balance between debt and despair Tho trouble however lies with a largo delinquent list which if promptly paid would put us safely upon tho side of prosperity Wo know that Freethinkers as a class are willing to extend n generous support to their publications and wo also know that tho delinquency is not intentional It is rather an oversight a case of neglect To combat this wo feel that by directing tho attention of all delinquents to tho date shown on their tab showing when subscriptions expire they will take tho only proper course pay up as soon as possible It is to these wo now make an appeal Again friends tho winter season will soon be upon us In a few weeks tho harvest will bo over tho long nights set in and you and your friends will appreciate goodreading matter that the time spent indoors may not be wasted With such a season approaching why not open up a campaign in behalfof tho Blade Why not take upon yourself tho duty of securing one or two new subscribers Our premium and specialrate offer stands open until October 1 Aside from the pecuniary profit it will bestow upon the Blades de pletedexchecker and viewing the matter from tho stand point of propaganda alone what is your impression of tho value ofa Frccthought man or woman to the cause who couldnot bring ono fellowworker into our ranks in the course of one month Tho real active Freethinker could do oven better than that Then why not try Friends we ask that you get busy For the next month just make an effort and show what you can do If you hmo the welfare of our cause at heart and is it not human itys cause it would not be necessary to urge that you strive to push our propagaranda wor- kPEMMBERJust ONE NEW SUBSORIBER from each present subscriber in the next thirty days wouldmean a circulation for tho Blade of just DOUBLE what it is nowTlio Blade is pleased to announce that it will shortly be gin the publication ofa series of articles from tho capable pen of Judge Parish B Ladd of Alameda California whoso labors in behalf of Freethought are too well known to need comment These articles are being designed by him to run serially and will show both Freethought and Christianity at the counting house striking balance sheet For the more reason here given tho Blade ought to bo given a circulation double its present size that this work of Judge Ladd may bo read more universally By special request from Mrs Henry tho Blado an nounces that owing to poor health and the constant care of an aged aunt she will bo unable to respond at present to any calls for officiating at Freethought funerals Deeming that such au announcement is duo to her comrades tho Blado gives it with deep regret so that no disappointment may follow her inability to snake response to any call It may bo that in a short time Mrs Henry will be able to render such services when duo notice will bo given Tho Christian religion has been adjudged moral bank rupt in the high court of public opinion and wo are simply awaiting distribution of its assets among its innumerable creditors It ought to bo unnecessary to further urge the Corre spondence School to tho Freethinkers of America But a few lays remain before it actually begins its labors and wo want till to got right in and give it u boost on its journey w 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE Two Freethought Conventions I Canal Dover Ohio September 5 9 MATERIALIST ASSOCIATION Program SATURDAY NIGHT SEPTEMBER GRountl Table Conference In parlors of Central Hotel to outline convention work and discuss methods of propaganda MONDAY SEPTEMBER Morning Session Buckeye Secular Union at Hardestys Opera House MONDAY SEPTEMBER Morning Session Election of chairman of convention Chairmans opening address Secretarys report of membership and finance Appointment of Committees Discussion of members present and reading of letters from absent members upon methods for the promotion and welfare of the Association and Its propaganda AFTERNOON SESSION Reports of Committees 2 General discussion on propaganda with such recommenda tions as may bo deemed advisable 3 Introduction of secretaries writers delegates fraternal delegates from other organizations for live minute talks on any subject EVENING SESSION Address 2 Address Address TUESDAY SEPTEMBER Morning Session additionduce the words I believe Into all future blanks before the words There Is no god or future life 2 Election of officers for ensuing term Final reports of Committees and action on propaganda work AFTERNOON SESSION General discussion with Christians and Spiritualists eitheror both on proofs for and against the existence of a god and SpiritualistswillargumentsEVENING Address 2 Address Address- WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER Womans andagnosticvariousmoralWowanteachexplainNight meetIngDuring this day proposedallchurches i All members and women speakers for Wednesdays meetings should send their names to the Secretary MRS ELIZA MOWRY BLIVEN Brooklyn Connectlcutt Box 76 PROGRAM OF CONVENTION Buckeye Secular Union Arranges for Splendid Gathering at Canal Dover 0 Sept 6 MATERIALIST ASSOCIATION ON HAND beheldOhio Sunday September Cth E M PROGRAM Morning Session 900 ToomcyResponse1000 LawrenceReport1030 Election of Officers for Ensuing Year Members1200Adjourn Session130Why Mr A C Narragon McCarthy215What White315TheBowles430TrolleyEvening Session Hardesty750Wlmt Jiven830Seculll1 BladeTheBaldwinNmragonPressJohn JohnstonAlfredMNOTICE The Central Hotel will bo headquarters and a special rate of conventionTheon the meetingofcover Theprogramfreospeech r rli BLUE GRASS BLADEh 13 Scientific and Philosophic- alCORRESPONDENCE SCHOOL Opens September 1 Now is the time to join TUITION FEE 1000 IN ADVANCErCOST OF TEXTBOOKS Including Postage 524 First Years Course Includes Geology Zoology Astronomy and Botany Scientific account of the Origin and Development of the Earth its great History and the Origin and Development of Plant and Animal Life GRAND OPPORTUNITY FOR OBTAINING A HIGHER EDUCATION Study at Home Examinations each month Lessons by Mail Instructor R CHARLESWORTH E HUGHES IIIlVInnagerJAiVIES i 1 N N N N N NNN N + + + + y y i Cbe Blades Cottttespondence i y NNNNNNNNNNNNNNO NNNNNNNNNNNNNdN THE INGERSOLL MEMORIAL PICNIC Tlio Ingersoll Annual Memorial Picnic will bo held at E Moilltts Grove three miles west of Newton Iowa Sunday Au gust 10 The forenoon will bo given to tcnmlmito speeches and recitations After dinner the address will be delivered by the Hon J n Garrull of Newton All the wel come Bring your dinner baskets well filled and have a good time Commends Dr Bowles Articles DUNCAN OKLAI consider Dr Bow los Persistence of Superstition the best thing of tho kind I have over read it just tho thing for general distribution for propaganda Atheists and materialists labor under a grievous misapprehension In regard to tho laws of nature They assert that Natures laws are unbendable and unbreakable When man Is concerned that Is not true To man natures laws aro both bendable and breakable and all his woes arise from the ruthless abrogation of Natures laws In his unfathomable Ignorance he substi tutes laws of his own Political laws for tho laws of Nature Ho breaks and bends both tho law of expansion and tho law of development and suffers accordingly DENNIS LEAHY School Information Wanted SPAUTA MINN Please send mo fur ther Information concerning your Corre spondence School I do not understand enough about It from tho advertisement MISS LEMPI HYOVALTI Sends Renewal For Two NORTH MONTPELIER VTFlnd here with money order of 300 150 of which afiply to my paper and to S Grays paper both at this office I am Post Master and have been for thirtysix years and am and have been for years a subscriber to tho Blade It dont seem possible that they can exclude It from the malls In case they try It call on mo for help and you shall have It Yours for Frcctuought NYE Wants Blade In India NAUASINGANPETAI S INDI should be very much obliged to you it you will kindly supply mo with a specimen copy of your Journal The Blue Grass Blade and other journals If you have any Thank Ing you In anticipation am Yours cordi allyi G SUINVIASA AIYANGAK HAGEHSTOWN MD Delegates to those Confederated Rationalistic Conven tion to be held September and at Canal Dover Ohio should bo numerous as It may bo tho last chance many may have of meeting some of our famous old leaders who aro rearing lifes journeys end And all should como prepared with pointed lucid logical forcible five minute speeches with which to entertain tho con vention If opportunity offers and also with clear concise bolleddown resolutions regarding Freethought freespeech freo press and freo uncensored malls that can Ill passed and will bo widely published in tho newspapers as coming from such a largo body of delegates and thus help awaken thought along these lines among thoso who otherwise never see or hear any Rationalistic arguments whatever The Convention should elect a Conven tion reporter who should give an authorized report of tho proceedings In such brief condensed forcible way as will most likely bo published widely and give tho most favorable Impression possible of tho Con ventions work All nearby editors should bo cordially j 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE Invited to have their reporters present and publish as much as they possibly can of the proceedings The meeting should be well advertised locally and made a success and benefit to the cause as well as to all who attend it Nothing succeeds like success Success attracts the populace and leaders It will advertise our Ideas our work and our literature Its speeches and resolutions should be purely Rationalistic entirely avoiding all outside Isms as this will be sufficiently broad enough a field to cover In three days and besides all outside isms anyway Heartily wishing the Convention and the cause success I amD WEBSTER GROH Duty Calls Him Away FORT MOULTRIE S CI was glad to hear from you and learn that you are mak fug preparations to open the Correspond ence School but I am sorry that I have to withdraw at present I am connected with the electHcu fpinrtmrnl in the United States Army and I have been notified lance July 1st that I would bo sent to Manila Philippine Jr lands the last of De cember or the first of next January So It would put me n very bar position to take the otniro for Will have a great deal of work to de and a lot of hard studying as Is always the case in a new post- I expect to get the hooks In October be fore I po to Manila if you will sell thorn to me and when I get a little spare time I can study them If I live to get brick I will then take un the full course ns a student in the School I will have only twenty months to serve and will complete inv enlistment then I expect to quit the army I will send you my subscription money rind n order for a few hooks between the tenth and fifteenth of next month hope you will bo successful in our school M COLLIER In Plenty of Time Anyway RT LOUTS MOor course If trouble comes to the Blade from United States you can count on mo for a few dollars jus1 neglected ci write till f an very liiisv linl nn iTMHiMiliiMon orTied fifteen Blades t have only two to fnMi reading L WILEY Some Corrections Made EUUEKA TEXAS Have Just received the Blade Was purnrNod to see the article entitled Struck Fruitful Soil I did not suppose that mv letter would bn published However all would be right Mil for two blunders tvpocrnphloal or Inability of typesetter to make nut the words correctly or neglect of proofreader to detect the wortprrltyrows should be trinity of barriers oh struction1 and In tile pamo paragraph the whtgismPlease For Man Not God OHIO I have rcelved samnle copy ioldable to help you But nIl that tend toil nurse humanity to n creat self jL1Ij 1 but always studying and have always been a Freethinker rightly translated the 1st verse of Genesis rends In the beginning the powers created the Heaven and the earth That I believe but can have no conception of these powers The liar or liars who rendered the word God were to blame Preachers dont need to think Behold we know not anything beyond sensation and thought upon its teachings Thus we are limited To us Love Is heaven and heaven Is love Men are brethren bound to help each other by instinct anti reason Paine and Ingersoll were good examples of true lives We are climbing the steps of time and life is now worth more than ever before So bo it Yours for man the gods surely need n- olwlpJ B DUNN About the School ISHPEMINO MichWill you kindly send me particulars regarding your mall course In science and philosophy etc I am also enclosing ten cents In stamps for sample copy of the Blue Grass Blade W J ROBERTS DAVES LETTER TO HIS DEAR HEAVENLY PARENT Copyright applied for by Franklin H Heald MV dear heavenly father Is the Goat rind you and Jesus relay om In three or is It one of Bob Burdots ionues Which one of you pre theY In Who are which Is there one in three nt the snmotlmo or Is there three In ono Whltrh of you ran co the fastest the cost or Jesus or vou Can vou from here to hoyen as quirk as a ear goes from any Part of Los Angeles to the plaza How tnIll- It mean about how fnr If It Ii as far off as Arcturass you needent put down nil the rlfors but just tell mo how many and which direction It Is frorn hear I mean what time of day wood hay to die pn when I went srate un I wood to hovon Cnn the ppvll go to Hell ns fast as van can Wns 1ons reply throe days in Holl Where in Hell was loons when he was in hell three days I mean did the Devlin have him in any of them hot places that Pena has pictures of DM he try nil of thorn to see whlteb hurt the worst Did you make Hell yourself or did the Devil make for you Is the Devil ono of 11 some of vou m tine Devil some of tIll time or Is the Devil in some of you all the time Do wait say mo and the post or do von pnv the treat anti me when you are talking about yourself Mv Papa dont take tiny rtook In goats lint ho Is not plnsn anti bo Is not rips old as Joe is Too has soon rests bls self and lots of People bo ring lips soon thom Ho dent no whether ho over saw you or tint lint lIe saws you mite lent bn In the Wg III lie reed when nn was Inundated He moans converted The llto was so fierce that he didnt dare to look at it only slrtoways so he cadent see whnt was In If he trots to thinking about It much ho may see something In It yet rind if he does bo will mention It nt nralrmootinp Can person toll anything yoforHay you any Dogs In Hovon If you haws TTehis care who nose It Ho thinks a Dog Is naturaly nastier in its habits than a Chris tian but he dont blame the Dogs for be ing nasty and obseen becaus ho dont no any better and he does blame tho Christian because silo ought to no better and dont He hopes the Dogs and Christians ana darkeyshaying In the blood of jesus will make them clean Ho wont go to a meeting or club whero the chairmen takes his Dog Ho used to go where the Dog set by the chaIrIman and the only way you cud tell them apart was that the Dog now tho most Joo likes Dogs and says It just imagination to love they stink He says dey don smell any wos dan I does and Papa says that is the reason Joe cant smell them Papa can tell a Christian or a dog kisser by their smell Ho dont like Christians or Dogs or horses or darkeys or such things much they make him sick Does your jesus realy smell that way ana Is that the reason thlr war so many such things and sheepherders nrouna the stable when ho was berried Which do you think can pray the best peplothatmachene or will thin think it Is all wright as doIngIthanghImWhy dont you want honest people In hoven that necdoth no repentance As over DAVE BULBSBUCKBEES SPECIAL OFFER to butt IluilncM trial tower aryour Souvenir IhU rp rtbrtprtI IlKASH Write today Mention thin Pape- ND ZS CHNISIb1lublepeblI 84111114loot In obulftb C111 ottbTbL11Ytb1laobt xortbqurterodu STH BLUE GRASS BLADE if I Give Em Fits Thats what THE SCARLET SHADOW Walter Hurts great rad ical novel doss to the forces of bigotry and su perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by tho church element Is throwing a over too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodojs critics which Is sufficient proof that It Is nil right It has cre ated a tensatlon In con servative circles and aused consternation among the It Is enthusiastically endorsed by leading Frcelthlnkers through out the world You nil know how Hurt can write nnd tins book he Is at his best It nn elegant volume fit to ornament tho finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bound In oxblood cloth Price 160 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky O M ROBINSON Violin Maker 12 STST PAUL MINN Buy your violins and get your repair ing done by a man of 50 years experience and will guarantee everything or no sale The Wage Slave A Socialist Weekly that advocates Indus trial Unionism Revolutionary to the core EDITED A FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports the existing social order Send for sample copy Address The Wage Slave Box Hancock Mich BTIRTON Editor Be Sure and Subscribe For Secular Thought- A Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti 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Popular Books Sent Free As a matter of advertisement and to In crease the circulation of our advanced thought literature we will send the following six books free to every reader of this magazine who will cooperate with CONCENTRATION The road to Success by Henry Harrison Brown This Is a book containing pages written In plain and sim ple language by this popular author of New Thought books It a clear and practical treatise on the attainment of success In every walk of life Price finely bound In cloth and gold 100 paper cover THE CELESTIAL LIFE by Frederick W Burry A new book of pages full of bril liant presentations of truth highly optimistic throughout and directing the way to light life and power Handsomely printed and bound Price cloth and gold 100 paper cover SPRIGS OF POETRY by NorrIs C Sprigs lili D Colorados favorite poet This book Is like a harp of a thousand strings five hundred poems on such a variety of subjects that no reader may fall to strike a harmon- Ious chord It 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