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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 16, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908081601 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 16, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. BLUEGR SS BLADEJEt d Volume XVII Number 16 LEXINGTON KY AUGUST 9 1908 Published Weekly aa DEVOTED ToiHE PROPAGAWtiA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT i iKATIEKEHM SJOTH tI JOTr Jr 4 f y kbt pJetr IBLUE GRASS BLADE f Katie Kehiri Smith With the subject of this sketch we can truly say that It Is Indeed a calamity that the delicious manuscript of youth should bo brought to a sudden and early close But for the Interference of the grim reaper with a young brilliant and useful life none can predict what rood might have been accomplished for the cause of Liberalism on the golden shores of the far Pacific Katie Kehm Smith during her active career as Freethought propagandist was probably the youngest Freethought advo cate in America but with her youth came a beauty of grace and gentleness that stituted a peculiar and singular charm characteristic of the woman of her work and her very nature Earnestness of pur pose and deep sincerity of effort marked the course of her life and those who knew her and worked with her came to love her for her mental and moral worth greatest of all factors in solving the complex prob lems that beset human Society Active and energetic she never faltered In the course of her brief but brilliant career and the Freethinkers of America do honor to themselves by honoring this sublime Kehm was born at Warsaw nois in the fall of 1868 She was given a fairly good education by admirfng parents such as the common public schools of that period could afford and her inclination leaning towards pedagogy she became a teacher in the schools of her Immediate district duly qualifying therefor at the age of but seventeen years To acquire the necessary art to perform this great duty she attended a college at Ottumwa Iowa from which she graduated with high hon ors in 1885 School teaching now became her chosen profession but with it all there appeared a strong vein of liberalism In her work which was a decided departure from the prevalent customs of the age In which she lived and taught Before taking up her work as a school teacher she had become a convert lo Freethought a mental plane acquired by her own effort brought about by close study and effective reason t ing She was In all things an observant student and her contact with the people revealed to her susceptible mind the upontsolved as opportunity came to her to strive to remedy these wrongs as far as she was able so to do At the age of seventeen years she had given her first Freethought lecture Bible believers opposed and criticised her This did not check her but on the contrary she fought them at every stage and with tremendous success She soon turned her at tention to the great west and was found next In Oregon where she prosecuted her Freethought work with unabated hope and spirittown mind and she found an abundance of sympathy and help for the cause she was advocating In 1891 we find her in Port Townsend b Washington where she met and married Hon D W Smith an eminent lawyer and a stanch Freethinker Mrs Smith still carried her maiden name before her mar ried name and in this way she maintained her individuality and identity She found a noble companion in her husband Judge Smith gave all possible aid to this brilliant young advocate of Liberal philosophy To gether they conceived the plan of educat ing the youth and childhood of the far west In Liberal ideas and through their Joint efforts the First Secular Church of Port land Oregon with a Secular Sunday School attached was brought Into active exist ence Mrs Smith etlll aided by her hus band conducted both church and school and It grew to largo proportions under their joint care and management The Oregon Secular Union soon came Into ex istence and under Its auspices Mr and Mrs Smith established a circuit of Secular Sunday schools placing competent teachers in charge they retaining a supervision over the work Mrs Smith lectured for the port land Secular Church every Sunday and she was Invariably favored with a large and enthusiastic auldence From her brain rind pen came the Sunday lessons printed on small leaflets for use by the attendant children Her talents were devoted exclu sively to the cause of Liberalism In recog nition of her great ability she was made Secretary of the Oregon State Secular Union and the Blades editor had the pleasure of meeting with both of these sturdy workers at one of the annual con ventions of that body held at Salem the Oregon Statjo Capital In the spring pf 1892 Later Mr and Mrs Smith attended one of our lectures at Barlow Oregon and Mrs Smith took part In the proceedings While thus engaged Judge Smith having the means at command purchased a beauti ful home on the Willamette River Mrs Smith ponce playfully named itj Castle Kehm on the Willamette and her husband falling in with the Idea suggested adopted the name she had given it and for some years thereafter it was so known The home was situated on a lofty crag by the side of the river from which a splendid view could be obtained of the surrounding will toll The excessive studies she indulged in the constant volume of the work she was undertaking soon had its effect upon her youthful frame She sick ened and died She had made frequent contributions to the Freethought press of the country Her lecture appointments her church work and Sunday school labors her efforts to build up the State organization the care of a circuit of such Sunday schools began to wear upon the physical strength of this small frame this bundle of womanly energy and nerve that she was unable to survive the shock and after a brief but severe Illness she passed away attended by loving hearts in her beautiful Oregon homo Sad was the blow to her loving husband the blow was greater to the cause of Free thought The splendid work she had done fr soon fell back into quietude and disuse It was now evident that It was her work and charm that kept the movement alive There were other workers and other speakers In the far west but they were not Katie Kehm Smith and In her death rationalism lost an Invaluable ally and worker But Kate Kehm Smith did not live in vain The seeds she had succeeded in planting in youthful hearts fructified and grew and brought forth good fruit Why was it necessary for her to die so young In the heydayof a youthful glory and un sullied career Yet It is not for us to determine Could our cause boast one hundred such women today the god myth and Christian superstition would not muchIlonger enthrall the mind of Glory to her name Honor to her memory Katie Kehm Smith is dead but her works still live and In thin she has won an im mortality that cannot be obtained by faith TO THE CHRISTIAN By John T Bays How can you boast of Christian work While in the slums we see The hungry children cry for bread And you heed not their plea We see that instead of helping them You build your churches fine And lavish gold in grand display As upon some pagan shrine If Christian work is what you say Why send your prayers on high While children cry for want of bread And in the slums they die Its plain to see that Christian love Is only a love for god And not for those who need your help The poor who go unshod Tho Christian donor gives the church And the minister his waft While truly good men give their all Some weak brother to uplift The church gets millions every year But do they feed the poor No They spend for costly buildings And tbon they beg for more r Why should these more unfortunate Remain In need While we Are wasting millions every year That would satisfy their plea r Dr Bowles Will Be There MUNCIE INDI am delighted to learn that you intend to go to Canal Dover on the 5th of September It no unforeseen circumstances prevents me I expect to be there I hope you will take Dr Wilson with you and as many other friends as you can The times are hard and I am pressed with many duties and numerous demands on my time but I will contribute all I can to the BladeT J BOWLES ij f 1 i f tiBLUE tC GRASS BLADE 3rt The Resurrection Myth i Makers r and Expounders of the Christian Doctrines Subjected to Merited Criticism and Rebuke By T S Givan The Rev Carter Helm Jones of Louisville Ky In a recent sermon said The resurrection of Christ Is the founda tion of Christianity and with the resurrec tion of his body Christianity stands or falls The third article of the Christian religion saysChrist did truly rise again from the dead and took again his body with all things pertaining to the perfection of mans nature wherewith he ascended into heaven and there sltteth until he return to judge all menat the last day The Catholic not only has to profess a belief In the resurrection of the body but that each member eats the same body blood and divinity that was born of Mary as fol It the belief of the church that Jesus Christ himself the true god is truly really and substantially present in the sacrament It is There Is no taking him to pieces consequently the body blood soul and divinity of Christ the whole and entire god is in the sacrament Is that which they eat In this sacrament the samebody which was born of the bless ed virginIt the same body for Christ never had but one bodyThe Catholic Christian Instructed page 46 Concept4At the head of the Greek School of Church History stands Euseblns born in Palestine 265 A D bishop of Cesarean usually called the Father of Church History The history of Euseblus although impaired i in value by the writers avowed resolution to record only what would reflect honor on the church Is rich In material the archives of the empire having been placed at his command by Constantine who held him in peculiar esteem Encylo Brit Church Euseblus says We altered and compiled the sacred books from th older writings changing names and supplying prophecies to them to correspond with the archives The old records were often obscure to me what I did not understand I altered to conform to some of the doctrines I thought It better to have uniformity of records through the empire than to have sects and schisms con tending about the nature of the now divin ity We wanted the now godman to become firmly established In the minds of the peo pip as an actual and only personification of the deity We were obliged to combat the philosophers of Greece and Rome who taught the reappearance of the deau with spiritual bodies but the Ignorant masses did not grasp the Idea and wo thought It the best policy to Insist upon a literal resurrection of the physical body and Invented the tale about the resurrection of Jesus body as proof of the dogma I put the story In Matthew I know It seems incomprehensible to you how we could be honest advocates of Christian morality and yet try to substantiate our religion by fraudulent assertions but we sacrificed our scruples for the purpose of controlling the masses and giving them a better Interpreta tion of lIfeWho Wrote the Now Testament Pages 1427 The Makers of the Creed Athanaslus born 296 A D Bishop of Alexandria so signalized himself as a foe to every kind of heresy that he was chosen by Alexander to accompany him to the Council of Nice 325 To the perseverance subtlety learning and eloquence of Athan aslus at that council his adroitness in the management of men and in the statement of the argument is prlclpally to be attributed the momcntlous result which declared by a majority of votes that ArIanism was a heresy American Encyclopedia Athanaslus says The creed really does not all belong to me I attended the secret consultation held In 315 and listened carefully to the evidence and arguments rho nature of Jesus was earnestly debated At the Council of Nice 325 I made a draft of the article declaring the equality of the gods Other articles were offered by several bishops among them Euseblus Alexander presented my draft No ones draft was wholly accepted but my strong point of equal god as rep resented In the trinity was accepted Life of Jesus Christ by M Faraday pages 1479 All Mankind Must Believe It Leo I the first pope surnnmed Tho Great 390 A D The claim of the bishop of Rome to universal dominion over tho Christian church and over the temporal kingdoms professing the Catholic faith goes back to the days of Leo 440I61JoI1l1 sons Encyclopedia And Leo says We deliberately decided what should be taught as truth and what was to be burned as error We claimed for the church a supreme control of the world In all that pertained to spiritual matters This policy was the car dinal principle of Catholicism as wo under stood It and was the turning point In Its relations with the secular power I de clared this policy to bo tho true one for the Church to pursue to gain complete ascend ancy over the raceThe Christian Fathers page 174 All of Leos successors have maintained and still maintain that All mankind must believe whatever the church decides or sanctions No other creeds can rear their heads within her pale except to bo branded by her loud and withering anathemas She will never recog nize any appeal from her tribunalPago 77 HistoryThe Pauls Roman Catholic church Louisville Ky said In a sermon on Christmas day 1902 Y Iy That Christ was god the father from all fpGodwhich his creatures possessed He was born of a virgin the mother of god having no man for father St Joseph was only his protector He who does believe that the son of god was god in all his attributes even after he assumed the human form cannot be of god offered himself to god the father as a sacrifice for the sins of tho above quotations show that hundreds of years after Jesus was dead these men invented the tales of the Immaculate concep tion and Resurrection and then told to others that Jesus was thus born and thus resurrected They first made him the new godman then an equal god In the trinity and finally declared him to be the father almighty creator of heaven and earth the one only true eternal whole and entire god as handed to us by Father York and as held by all Catholics and Protestants which clearly and can only mean that Jesus was Jehovah that ho was the husband first and then the son of the same woman being both older and younger than his mother was the father and the son of him self and offered himself to himself to savenot those who wanted and tried to be good but the wicked and would not forgive them unless and until in addition to all other crimes they had committed they should also horribly crucify his only and Innocent son and yet not his son but him self for the son was god the father from all eternity But he was dead In the sepulchre with a great stone at the door and soldiers guard ing him Strange that a few mean men could kill an almighty god or think they could keep him from coming forth or being stolen However ho was out of the tomb and about his business the next day after ho was killed Was Seen and Embraced on the Sabbath In the Sabbath came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see tho sepulchre and as they went away Jesus met them Matt Was Not Seen on the Sabbath but on the First Day of the WeekThe first day of tho week cometh Mary Magdalene early to the sepulchre and seen Jesus who said unto her Woman why weepest thou John They Held Him by the FeetAnd they carne and held him by the feet and wor shipped him Then said Jesus unto them Bo not afraid go tell my brethren that they go Into Galilee and there shall they see ThoyDld Not See Him at All Certain women of our company which were early at the seupulchre when they found not his body came saying they had seen a vision of angels which said that he was alive And certain of them which were with us went to tho sepulchre and found It even so as tho women had said but him they saw notNot the Same llodySho saw Jesus standing and know not that it was Jesus Jesus salth unto her Woman why weepest thou Whom seokest thou She sup posing him to be tho gardener salth unto him Sir If thou have borne lien hence tell mo where thou has hid him and I will take him away To Bo Continued f 4 f Z t- ij t r r7ii3 BLUE GRASS BLADE W i Mars Still Under Discussion Issue Taken With Franklin H Healds Contentions Concerning the Age and Geology of the Ruddy Planet By Charles O Hays The able and kindly criticism of jny paper on Mars by Mr Franklin H Heald must give rise to much serious thought among readers who are Interested In the subject I beg therefore to offer a few ditional Ideas by way of rejoinder which may possibly be of Interst ot some I Brother Heald Is In error at the outset He Almost all scientists Including your correspondent Mr Hays base their logic on the Nebular Hypothesis that Mars Is older than the earth and that each planet away from the sun is millions of years older than the last Now I am not speaking for other sci entists but for myself alone when I say chat Mr Heald Is mistaken in the state ment Just quoted I am not in any sense an apologist for the Nebular Hypothesis It presents some physical difficulties which have never been explained to my satisfaction but not one of these weak points is mentioned by friend Heald In fact he does not attack the theory as I understand it at all but prefers to set up a straw cre ation of his own which he then proceeds to demolish leaving the real Nebular Hypothe sis untouched unapproached and wholly unaware of the commotion But I am not at present defending the Nebular Hypothe sis I believe Mars to bo older than tho earth for very different reasons I beg to refer our friend to that part of my former paper which treats of tho comparative ages of Earth and Mars where he will find those reasons explained and I call his at tention particularly to the following para graph Loss of water and loss of velocity in rotation must bo taken as evidences of great age I purchased Mr Healds book Procession of Planets about a year ago and studied it carefully as an Intense and life long devotee of astronomical science could study such a work and while in a general way I regard it as grand and wonderful in originality of conception and force of inductive reasoning the theory while pos sibly correct as a basis may have to un dergo as much revision as did the original ideas of Copernicus But the way he accounts for the dense atmosphere of Vemis and his manner of attacking the Nebular Hypothesis as shown from the middle df page twentyeight to the end of pago thirty seem to mo much like tho musings of a ten year old school boy and are as much out of place amid his hard and forceful reasoning as tho tor of tho Blade would bo in ecclesiastical reading this for the first time I felt sure that some friend would quickly call his attention to this lot of absurdity and that It would be as quickly expunged But ho has practically repeated It in this letter to tho Blade Therefore let us In form our western friend that the original nebulous mass is not supposed to have volved on its axis once in twentyfour days but required nearly two hundred years that the present slow rotation of tho sun is one of the facts most difficult to recon clio with the theory so difficult indeed that it has never been done to the saris faction of the writer Add to this the rot rograde motion of the outer satellites and some other physical and mathematical ob stacles and the Nebular Hypothesis will have a hard hill to climb It may bo pected however that future discoveries will remove these seeming difficulties or send the whole theory to listen to tho music of the spheres Mr Heald next assures us that Mars has no mountains while those ot Venus arc thirty miles high Let us examine these two statements- It could scarcely bo expected that mountains equal to those of th3 Earth could exist on a plant so much smaller A cer tain intensity of gravitation would seem essential to their formation and since the surface gravity of Mars is but twofifths that of the earth it Is not probable that mountains more than two miles In height can ever exist on that planet Then as to the thirty mile mountains on Venus let us ask our friend on what ground he bases this assertion Has he ever seen such mountains through a telescope or has he tho assurance of any competent observer who has seen them If so why should there be any question about tho rotation of this planet Just one such mountain visible at the earth would bo a permanent mark by means of which the rotation could bo irked wltn entire precision But noth ing is certainly known of such rotation Henco these thirty mile mountains are a delusion If mountains exist at all they are probably smaller than those of tho Earth Mars is older than tho Earth if not in time at least in geological condition This is evident from several facts among whlcn are Its rotation which Is forty minutes longer than ours Its loss of water which Is very great and its reddish color which is probably due to tho sun shining its bleak barren and un watered land What cause operates to check the veloc ity of rotation Nothing so far as we know but the resistance of tides The grinding of particles by which Mr Heald accounts for tho heating and fusion of a planet could serve only to adjust different velocities to each other It could not affect the sum total of rotation Such an effect could bo produced only by an outside force and the only such force visible to us Is tho gravitation of tho sun acting on the waters to produce tides The satel lites are too small to produce any great effect and besides tho Inner one which would bo the more influential both because of its greater slzo and its closed proximity performs three and onefourth revolutions during one of the planet hence whatever tides it might produce would tend to celerate rather than retard the rotation of Mars To tho sun alone must be attri buted the Martian tides which In its early ages reduced a much more rapid rotation to its present length I have not time 1o calculate the effect of the suns gravita tion on a proportionate amount of Martian water but assuming for tho moment that the greater distance of the sun and tho smaller diameter of the planet on the one ifi Itlil hand would be balanced by a weaker gravitation on the other tho effect should be about the same Our solar tides are about twofifths of the lunar and the combined resistance of Solar and lunar tides retards tao terres tial rotation about six seconds of longi tude per century thereby increasing the length of our day about twofifths of one second of time per century This is abouttthree timed dho leffect which the solar tides alone should heave produced on Mars and oven this small amount must have been continually reduced by the loss of water Hence Incalculable ages must have been required to reduce the Martian rotation to Its present length Mr Heald continues Why should an intelligent people build great canals to irrigate land that no doubt under water when it is not frozenIsolid l did not and do not suppose these water ways to be great canals end teg to refer our friend to my former paper for my ideas on this point and as to being frozen solid he Is again referred to the same paper As to tho land being under water I call his attention to thu following facts 1 Watet does not retain unchanged regular forms as docs land and would therefore preclude the possibility of maps This Is not the case with Mars If the land were entirelyunder water then would the water be entirely under clouds or vapor and the surface of the planet would ho forever Invisible as Is the case with Venus and as Is not the case with Mara Once more I quote friend Heald Even with a solid year of sunshine the surface of the planet could not have cient warmth were it not for its close prox imity to its internal fire inasmuch as the sun only gives onefifth as much light and heat as at the earth In my former paper I showed that tho sun gives more than twofifths as much light and heat to Mars as to the earth and further I tried to show that this amount Is one tenth greater than the relative quirement of the planet which is five lion miles nearer the sun than it should bo to receive the same relative amount and is therefore warmer to that extent than is the earth but by eomo accident this para graph was omitted by the printers As to the Internal fires of Mars I fear that friend Heald lass based his judgment on Insufficient data Ho says the earth has a crust forty miles thick I venturethe assertion that It said crust were composed of solid lead It would havo to bo many times that thickness in order to account for the earths mean density which Is half that of lead A globe of less than eight thous and miles in diameter and weighing six and a half sextillion tons will require more than a forty mile crust and notwithstand ing its smaller size and weaker gravity the density of Mars is nearly throofoulJtEs that of the earth Does this great density indicate a young and thin crusted planet Can a body of less than fivo thousand miles In diameter but weighing seven hundred quintillion tons be supposed to have a weakly confined liquid or gaseous interior On the contrary if tho Interior were of den sity equal to that of Jupiter and the crust of solid leadthat crust would have to be more than three hundred miles In thick ness This means that as compared to Its gravity its density is greater than that of Continued on Page 12 i i it tIfI 4 aBLUEGRASS I c8 if BLADE 5 1 k Brilliant Funeral Address By S P Cady Friends and Neighbors It is well when death has Intervened that the last reasonable request of the dead expressed In life should be fulfilled Because of this It becomes my solemn duty on this occasion to voice certain sentiments which believe shall be in keeping and In conso nance with the life and the thought of him who lies here now so still In the calm repose of death It was his oftrepeated wish that no clergyman should at his obsequies give utterance as the exponent of doctrines which he his whole life long had consistently and persistently antalr onbed That his belief concerning nature ard the supernatural coincided so nearly with my own makes easier the task that is mine today And yet it Is difficult and dispiriting to assume a position which Is at varlance with that held by majorities There are at the present time many well meaning and thoughtful individuals who would dissociate death from all thought of gloom and overwhelming sadness view ing It as a phenomenon as inevitable anu In line with natural law even giving to it an environment of brightness and cheer And yet despite all the teachings of Ience and philosophy there Is something about death that Is suggestive of exile of the chill and cheerlessness of winter ana of the barrenness and desolation of desert wastes dark and sombre is its appropriate emblem Yet the gloomjf pall may fitr thelilyolive and the laurel the amaranth and the ivy the lowly unpretentious violet and the regal chrysanthemum Philosophy standing beside a grave may shed tho tear but will not despair for It has learned that nature does not think does not know therefore In nature there can bo no malevolent motive no hatred no revenge Necessity Is the su premo law that governs throughout na tures domain Tho stars pursue their course along the silent pathways of the night only because they must Each atom forever obeys that law There are no ac cidents In nature no chance no caprice Tho activities of mind with which we na soclato will or volition are no exception to this Hence nil phenomena throughout all time are fixed irrevocably there is no possible deviation All science tacitly ad mits this upon this principle all of Its calculations are based Science deals only with cause and effect as traceable In matter and force and never acknowledges relyingIn the future The chemist has never discovered in any of his processes a single 5behavior of phenomenon which he would to divine interference with nat ural law This today is the accepted doc trine in all tho schools and thus the teach ing of tho schools differs with the teaching rightTheroing of the schools alono is tenable and must soon supersede the teaching of tho pulpit This Is the position of modern atheism or materialism uncompromtsing it aU that there is nothing above or beyond or outside of nature He saw clear ly the fatal antagonism between the two systems of thought and he put aside the ism accepting the doctrine of the schools Thougn ho was not an academician and though he may not have been in the broadest sense a trained thinker yet his mind accustomed to analysis was quick to perceive all Improbability and all ab surdity He dared to reason with the daring of a Daniel For him reason was tho only ora cle of man For him reason was to be likened unto that Pharos light blazing afar Illuminating tho pathway of truth and leading ever and always to a higher plane O reason true light of the world long hast thou been exiled in thy Patmos but sometime Shalt thou bo called back and then shall the mind be free Brighter thou than the suns effulgence brighter than the lightnings glare sublime majestis shalt thou again lift thy head and vie with the matchless glory of the stars Reason taught him that there are no miracles that there never was a mlraclo because a miracle Is a contradiction of terms because the cast is not and cannot be west because harmony Is not and cannot bo discord because two and two are four and are not and cannot be four hun dred because the words truth and false hood never were and will never be syn onyms Sometimes perhaps he may have had scant patience with one who would endeavor to explain a miracle thus foolishly destroying it or making it simply a phenomenon produced In accordance with tho unchangeable law of cause and effect Ho denied all miracles and standing with hint are Darwin and Huxley and Spencer and Tyndall Again ho denied that there ever was an Inspired book or an Inspired author It would have grated harshly upon his men tal perceptions to concede that an inspired writer could have made ono mistake or that an inspired volume could have con tained a single error One error would have cast a shadow upon all Nor could his system of reasoning more easily havo allowed for an error In translation or In terpretation since here as before one er uncertaintyHobeneficent creator would have given his wouldbethat ho would have given them to only a few while many for centuries should remain totally ignorant of them Such a plan seemed to him to be altogether absurd And standing with him again ore Darwin TyndallHe an swered Not only Is the evidence of suc cessful prayer totally wanting but also allthooverwhelminglyof prayer and standing with him yet again oftodaydoneTheo aiicn l sadly and mdurnfully in a nations annals portraying a matchless devotion and a sub throughtheseacter and to the highest Ideals yet cannot stand the test of analysis As literally InexplicableEmotion ithoIt And the testthe united prayers of all the churches of Christendom fail to ri iancodecree that the base and Ignominious tAtpicnicaro lost and the Slocum horror startles the t Inhoarestrelentlesinfearfulmayest teach Can the believer in an all phenomenagaietyantistant desolated in ruin famed yet Ill GoldenOatebeliever in tho efficacy of prayer explain Instrumentality thesethlngstlesamethe same Is nestAndwellButobjectionsperchance has answered them all again and again But the answers which the church has given In thepast have timeItqyDarwinlumbus theory of the rotundity of the rearth ofMontanaOn a farm near Valparaiso Indiana he was born August 1822 His death ocurJ pastsevenand serenely as fades the golden light JeffersonCityhowever having spent several years In Colorado During his life he was engaged beenforthefickle i ed skill In certain mechanical lines Ho twas a man of great energy and great per Impulseofthere was no final goal to bo reached In butonlyapplied to this world only and to human deathaccordingindividual That he made no secret of this heldpointedselfreliance which were marked and dom despised li 0 j f 6 t BLUE GRASS BLADEt I pltable to a fault He would entertain no tolerance toward the slightest Injustice or wrong Indeed I do not believe he would have compromised his honor or bartered his Integrity for all the wealth of all the treasuries of all the governments of earth And this Is the fairest blossom that can bloom over a grave He whose life Is an exemplification of truth and justice and right Is greater than any conqueror or any king for thus does one become a thousand yea a thousand times a thousand In his influence for good If my feeble and halting rhetoric were Otherwise and could be commensurate with the nobility and beauty of the life mf counselor and friend this tribute would be a classic Often have the Ignoble the base and groveling purchased for a price such praise as this which he has earned and won Surrounded by those be setting temptations which are ever insep arable from pioneer life ho withstood them all and rose like some towering monolith majestic defiant He is gone No more that electric thrill courser through that inanimate form Life and mind as Independent entities are Inconceivable they can manifest themselves only when united with a moro or less complex organic structure And at this point it should be observed that the per sonages of the Old Testament who were in direct communication with Jehovah knew nothing of a future life It is significant that that book follows Its heroes only to the grave there was the last of Moses of Da vid of Samuel Dust thou art to dust returnest Was not spoken of the soul Believe It not because Longfellow has sung it Longfellow was a poet but not always a logician Brief indeed Is the span of a human Ufa Its morning with radiant glow in the east ern sky soon passes into the full brilliance and splendor of noon and swift and ever swifter when the shadows have begun to lengthen falling backward from lifes me ridian it speeds on to its western haven on to the gates of peace and to the land where Lethe is king We listen for a little while to the rapturous music of the speedIlyand solemn dirge On an occasion like this many will ask What is the estate of the dead The atheist must answer that death is only dissolution it is simply a return to a former condition inorganic and Insensate This Is natures universal law and we know that the loss of an endles future cannot be greater than the loss of a beglnnlngless past Death is eternal rest No fearful cata clysm when worlds are hurled against worlds and universal chaos reigns supreme can ever disturb that peaceful hallowed any should suspect that in this course I have gone beyond or enlarged upon the settled convictions of John Riley Lewis I answer that I believe I have not in any essential particular These things he be lieved when his Intellectual faculties were at their best these things he still believed when bent and gray these things he did not recant in the hour of death when at last he had reached eternitys portal And be it said that there are some whoso minds puu pOAj oil osnnoaq joojj eau and because he died as lived He is dead He knows not anything Continued on Paso t CoOperation and Socialism The One Explained and the Other Defined As An Answer Kidders Criticism of Socialists and Their Cause LeahyMr may be de fined as faith fathered by wish manu factured premise in labor with impossible conclusion expectation sired by hope and damned by certainty a wmothe wisp In the cemetery of Intelligence which pus stamped all the fools who wero not halt ered to the corpse of precedent It Is species of einmaculato anarchy to which it is related as variolold to smallpox harm less theory to devilish practice Now wouldnt that jar you HQre Is some more Socialism is the dream of fools the vision of Idiots the apocalypse of luna tics etc etc etc It is some relief for our lacerated feel ings to be told that an unproved assertion calls attention to tho assertor so does a Kidders definition of Socialism does not settle the hash of that idiotic cult plutocrats Democrats and all other rats including Unitarians trinitarians and all other tartans not to mention Kiddertarlans may as well throw up the sponge Social ism in that case becomes inevitable Dont run away with tho notion that I phraseImllderthe start Mr Kidder takes the calm and everything else in sight so far as I am whateveriset al are public benefactors and not pub poUticalmanner Ills remedy is not Socialism nor anarchy It is a peach Here it is Restrict tho suffrage and permit everyone to talk as they please Aint that great Let em talk as they please but dont let vcra vote at all Of course a brilliant light like Kidder must be allowed to vote as ho pleases as well as talk any old way he wants to If Kidder was a mule he would know that there aro more ways than one to talk and that voting Is one way kicking another If wo deny men the right to say how they shall be governed we deny them the right to express themselves the only way naturallyleadsia and it has always proven to be the prolific mother of all kinds of Hell There is nothing to choose between tho beastly Intolerance of tho trinitarian and the brutal bigotry of the Unitarian No more Idiotic question was ever put to mortal than the ono asked by that sky thoughtfullyThink of the Horrors of the Inquisition of Rome of Geneva and of Smithfield and questionAsuperstitlanpower so that ho could enforce his dictum yr 1 JLtt with physical force and that Socialist would quickly find himself on a rack or roasting over a slow fire where his crimi nal levity would be turned to groans of agony to the satisfaction and savage joy of the sky pilot No man can be any better than his God The God of that sky pilot is a monstrous and ferocious brute Nor can God be any better than his worshipper He never was and never will be God is of tho tarnadaIpestilence war famine rattlesnakes elites and boaconstrictors A human Ing cannot conceive of any kind of God that is better than himself The develop ment of God keeps pace with the develop ment of man The God of the savage is a savage The God of the civilized man is civilized The God of the enlightened man is non e t That skypilot Is afael given political power and in due course he would bloom out a most ferocious brute History shows nothing so clearly as that intolerance bigotry inhumanity tryanny and oppression are Inseparable companions with all forms of religious worship It can not be otherwise Its in thQ very nature of such worship Mr Kidders notion of Socialism was fathered by Ignorance mothered by prej udice born in riot and matured with the milk of selfishness It is a promising Kid and the pride of its daddy its name Is tommyrot He says I have never met a Socialist who could define Socialism Mr Kidder might get a very good definition of Socialism from the standard encyclopedia But that is not what ho wants He wants a definition that will accora with his pre conceived notion and prejudice One that accords with his own or Socialism might not be the dream of fools If Socialism should prove to be the dream of sages It might prove1 Mr Kidder to be an ape The Socialist party like all other parties both religious and political is made up of individuals possessed of various degrees of knowledge who are drawn together by the attractive power of some central idea The central idea of Republicanism is pater nalism It manifests itself in special privi leges pensions and protection Democrats are held together by the idea of equality before the law Christians are held together in the first place by the idea of a limited number of Gods Unitarians are held together by the idea of the oneness or unity ofGod Socialists are drawn gether by the idea of industrial cooperation In all cases the central idea the at tractive force Is moro or less observed by fog and fallacy caused by the efforts of tyros to demonstrate tho truth of the idea When the Idea becomes heavily ob scured the party becomes subject to dis integration The condition of the democratic party and the trinitarians shows that the central idea in those two parties has been lost sight of The Unitarian idea has very little attractive power as a religious force Materialism is steadily developing the power of attraction It is easy to see Continued on Pago PO fl Jf il BLUE GRASS BLADE 1 4 IiCurrent Comment on Public Events = I JI+ +++++++ ++++++ +++++++++++ Pray Plan Push This is the working motto of Rev G R Robbins pastor of the Lincoln Park Baptist church of Cincinnati Inasmuch as we have been taught that the prayers of the righteous avalleth much we now have It upon expert authority that prayer is lacking virtue unless accompanied with planning and pushing No sane man will doubt for one moment that to succeed men must plan and push but they can do It without praying Thou sands could ill afford to waste valuable time in prayer when planning and pushing becomes necessary It would also follow that if planning and pushing are equally necessary to the success of the church as praying the church is not now a success and we are strongly Inclined to agree with such a view of the present church situa tion furtherments he entertains the notion that to bo successful the parson must mingle with the crowd in other words mix with tho people and to elbow them This means that when the parson makes the discovery that the people will not come to him he must go to the people And why To enable tho church to attain success Then we are led to the conclusion that tho church and the parsons are to pass out of that spiritual state in which they havo so long professed to be and assume a more material aspect Bo of the world worldly Be less of a preacher and more a man Plan for succsss and then push to win it prayerbuta preacher if you like red neckties wear trytomen Come down a step or two Dont try to be exalted in the sight of tho lord Get next to the people According to tho account of the Cincin nati Post concerning Rev Robbins tho foregoing appears to be a fair resume of his notions regarding the church and Its Simplythatpreacher precelves the drift of the modern world and It bodes no good for the future of tho church It also means that if the church is to save itself from imminent destruction it has got to change its policies and this change must be made by tho preachers first Had the preachers taken notice of these facts many years ago the yearslongerlose both caste and standing in human society and when It shall reach its zenith it will be a bright day for mankind But on this point the Blade realizes that it takes plan and push to win In this we can agree with Rev Robbins We are willing that he should pray all he desires but we will plan some and then encourage our friends to push some for the case we repre sent Down with the still Sundays I iji Open the parks museums and theaters and give suffering humanity a chance Legislative intent has beenused with good effect my many judges in an effort to ex plain and contruo a given law but it comes now in the nature of a boomerang and legislative intent may be the means of throwing open the prison doors of orthodox gloom on Sunday in this land of the free Through the Now York World we learn that Justice Gaynor has rendered quite an important declson affecting the Sunday closing question which may be the means of restoring a portion of our personal liberties swiped by Blue Laws enacted at the in stance of churchites The justice writing the majority opinion of the appellate division in Brooklyn con sidered the idea of a legislative intent so to stop what is Caled desecration of the Christian Sabbath as to prevent the courts from setting bounds to the statute Said heIWhen it is considered that nowhere out side of the British Isles has the Old Testa ment notion of a still Sabbath over existed in the Christian world it is impossible to attribute to the aggregate Christian mind as rather fairly represented in our legisla ture with such a varied national lineage in its purposeChristians or sect ever entertained the Old Testament notion practicedInnocentments after church on Sunday John Knox visted John Calvin on a Sunday afternoon at Geneva and found him out back at a game of bowls on the green The case involves the arrest of a moving picture show proprietor who opened and operated his show on Sunday in Brooklyn approvedbyis that of a Sunday which like all other days is made for all mon and not for a few sanctimonious hypocrites Sunday Is not for a part of the community or for a minority in fact to enforce upon the whole community its strictest and narrowest con ception of how far the conduct deemed orderly on sixsevenths of the week shall be deemed disorderly on the other seventh The World discussing this point Insists legislatlveplain In law And Freethinkers may find enjoyment in the fact thatat last a court has been found that does not agree with the Puritanical notions of the Sabbatarians newspaperthattiment Marriage is not a joke MaconGaIf Rev Pool is speaking from experience personally he may be right but as we havo bebenedlctputing to him either alternative If he Is a married man he may have serious reasons for his statement JtffHoweverto prohibit magistrates and others from performing the marriage ceremony and toJconfer upon the parsons an jothersmarriage ceremony not peculiar to this country alone but existing also in othernations Is a recognition that marriage is butY tsacredmen of the cloth would bind it Being a civil contract It is a matter with which the preacher as such can have little to do Sentimental and hysterical women will still forthetIngIn the course of his argument this preach bysomeSallie do you take Bill here to be your iThatsauthorlty1jInyouandGrant all that he would urge to be truefimagistrateHenrytoand concludes I pronounce you man and wife Those whom god has joined together authorityvicelet no man put asunder and Instantly the parsons eye falls upon the hand of the groom watching it to see if it is ever going maybelltDWNow then Mr Pool Wheres the differ humanitybyceremonyandauthorized by the law of the land be de orbetteryoutica judge should take a two dollar William for his trouble would not you pull the halfthatmonopolyHaveDown upon your knees little man and citizenyou BRILLIANT FUNERAL ADDRESS Continued from Page asthehaspassed wondersandTyndallatAt tho Grave Earth and the elements now claim that Naturethelaw 1 O r7 J JiJl jpr f 8N e1 BLUE GRASS BLADE f j v BLUE GRASS BLADE v Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chllton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor KyiI SUBSCRIPTION RATES r By mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 609 one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month Uoo1xmonths 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered jGENERAL BUSINESS RULES Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scrIbers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal in case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North Lime th Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will ortvre welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofilce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky GOD PERSONAL AND IMPERSONAL The Ohio State Journal publishes a synopsis of what is given as a sermon preached some time ago by Rev Alfred E Craig of Columbus but of what particular de nomination wo are not informed In it this particular preacher and interpreter of gods word solves all mystery andexplains what god really is In other words Mr Craig holds that god is a distinct personality and yet an impersonal being He makes god god and not god He insists that ho is and then again urges that he isnt Wo doubt if this preacher really know what he was talking about Read We conclude that the right idea of god is one who docs transcend his works ono who is not suffused and lost in his own creation but maintains a personality clear and definite above all he has made Again discussing the subject further ho says But while ho is above his works he is not apart from them but so permeates all things that we are not at anytime apart from him So wo arc thus assured of a divine immanence that is not immanent and n personality that is decidedly impersonal But if Mr Craig really and sincerely believes that his god is personal then ho must be of definite formaid k L dc 1tkriv1V r r t i r appearance Now will this preacher inform his congregaX tion of the particular form and characteristics of god111 Can ho conceive of godas a personality of assuming any form other than that of man Even in trying to think Jorabsolutely correct but they are true in the most essential features When Mr Craig speaks cf god what does bemoan Having no personal experience with gods what idea does ho form concerning the god of which ho speaks Above all how does he know and what does he know It is decidedly amusing however yet failing in instruction to observe the wiggling and squirming of the god advocates to maintain thoir theory and to present that theory in carefully selected language An impersonal god is beyond the conception of humanity hence to bring god or any thought of god before the people ho must be represented as a personality a being independent and separate A from all things But this is such a personal restriction and limitation that ho must bo given other attributes and so a personal god with divine immanence is manufactured and not ono in ton thousand of church congregations in cluding tho preachers themselves can understand what is meant It is an attempt to argue that black is white It makes god to bo and not to booIt is more puzzling than the three in one idea and yet how easy for tho preachersI to pretend that they understand it and try to fool the people Ono moments serious reflection by Mr Craig should ibo sufficient to convicehim that after allhois simply jumbling words in such a way as to present them without meaning and this is doubtless what ho aimed to do DR AKEDS ALTERNATIVES Rockefellers imported preacher haJ broken loose again He seems to have a penchant for such things From his continued assaults upon the established order of things rfno of two inferences must be drawn Either ho is sin core in what ho says and must sooner or later break coin pletely away from all orthodox pretensions or else ho is simply socking public attention and is willing to use ox Jremo measures to get it In any event we can approve some of the things to which lie gives utterance and we disapprove of others Ina recent article from him appearing in Appl tons MagazineA ho insists that all signs of the present point to the conclusion that tho churches of the country will bo deserted within ono hundred years but he offers as a remedy for such a condition that there must bo an attempt to apply religion to tho whole round of human life With it all Dr Aked can see what others see namely that the chu ehft j i i Jc I ir wcf tf i ii J IT 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 0f is losing ground arid ho is able to realize that there is a rapidly decreasing membership and waning influences Of frhoughtful people have long been under firm conviction as to tho stato of facts mentioned It is not surprising therefore that a Dr Aked preacher though ho be should arrive at similar conclusions but tho wonder is that ho has 1 dared to give utterance to such ideas Wo observe that no charge of heresy is preferred against him nor is it even 4suggested that in revealing these palpable truths ho is aid t ing in a further reduction of church membership power and influence The great mass of tho people have but little use for tho church and would openly assert themselves but for tho further fact that they are in ignorance as to tho numbers they can boast their combined strength Onco tho people can be brought to an awakening on this T subject it will bo a sorry day for the church militant and those who depend upon tho institution for bread and butter and fine raiment Pursuing his utterances a little further wo read Either Christianity is good for everything or it is good for nothing If it is good for nothing it should bo frankly abandoned We agree with him Although ho argues further on for tho benefits and utilities accruing to human life because of what ho calls religion we aro more than satisfied that Christianity has long outlived the little use fulness it over had and it is now timo that it should be cabandoned to tho end that purer and higher motives to human action may find lodgment in tho mind and heart Our contention that today if it over had been at any period in its history tho Christian religion is good for nothing It was born in blood and tears It was baptized in blood and tears It has shed blood and caused tears to flow in its propagation Any system that is dependent upon such means of propagation can be of littlo use to humanity In fact humanity would have been happier had it never known tho Christian religion Aro wo not assuredas a physical fact that a stream cannot rise higher than its source and this being true how is it pox sible that a religion born in murder and adultery can bo pure in its bearing and influence upon tho race Follow Christianity through tho ages Follow it through Constantine through Alexandria with its Peter the Header through Charlemagne and later to the Inquisition Como on down through the ages and witness Elizabeth and Mary in England tho Hugcnots in France the religious perse cutious of tho pilgrim fathers in America and everywhere there is nothing but blood and tears with never a green spot upon which to rest tho weary eye Withsuch n J history who can truthfully say that tho Christian religion is good oven for anything save to provide an easy life for a horde of blackcoated idlers who are far too lazy to work and livp in the hope of feeding upon tho fruits of anothers laborEven in these days tho clergy aro driven to tho necessity of inventing numerous expediencies to keep the church r i ibII F it t going Sermons and songs by phonographs smoking clubs in church the shortening of the service so as not to weary the congregation these are all concessions made by tho pulpit Thus are we convinced that Dr Aked is looking at the situation with prophetic eye and can seo now what tho futiirp has in store for the church Through the kind remembrance of August J Pagan nn Illinois Freethinker now visiting in Europe wo are in receipt ofa souvenir postal card containing pictorial representation of the monument erected in Bohemia to tho memory of that great leader in tho cause of mental liberty John Huss who was burned alive as a heretic on the 6th day of July 1415 AVo are pleased to acknowledge tho receipt of this card and it will remain one of the few treasures wo possess Tho death of Buss was in strict accord with tho method 4 ofconducting Christian argument but a greater and stronger argument against Christianity came from tho people when on tho 10th day of June 1SG2 this monu ment was erected It took more than four hundred years for tho people to reach tho height of intellectual glory attained by this martyrhero to tho cause of freedom In tho London Freethinker of July 20 recently to hand G W Foote President of the National Secular Society speaking of tho Blade says Tho Blue Grass Blade Lexington Kentucky did nottdio with Editor Moore It appears to bo going more strongly than over Certainly it is issued in u more con venient and elegant form Tho Blade like tho cause it represents must not bo permitted to die because of tho taking away of an individ nul1ruo indeed the Blade is very much alive and by persistent continued effort wo propose to make it a fitting memorial of him whoso great heart and brain gavo itc1life and made itu credit to tho cause of Freothought in America U lov Charles D Williams Episcopal bishop of Michi gan is quoted as saying Ill give up my job and quit preaching when I can no longer draw men to hear tho wordof god Considering tho exceeding small number 1 of men ho is capable of drawing with tho multitude of men ho is incapable of drawing the timo for quitting is at hand Resign Bo a man of your word and show you were not simply talking through your hat Wo have received no less than six replies to M Grior Kidders article on Socialism recently published in the Blade columns Tho authors of these replies aro simply re 4 quested to exercise patience as they are too lengthy to appear more than one at a time Kidder cnn then wait untilall aro published before making an answer if ho desires so to do r J r4fi10 BLUE GRASS BLADE GREATNESS AND SUCCESS If the Christian religion be false why is it that so many men and women of great mind so many success ful business men admit their belief in it and give their support The above argument was recently made by a friend with whom we had become engaged ina religious con troversy Pointing to prominent men of business whose names appeared upon the sign boards that mark the city andwho are admittedly members of this or that church the question above quoted was put in all sincerity and unthinking such a question is not without force The argument if such it can be called has been used effectually in many places and at different times But the thinking man cannot be deceived by such a thin web of plausibility Much depends upon what is meant by a great mind and what we are to understand by success History records the fact that the great minds of the past and experience proves that the great minds of the present are not to be found within the church From these sources of information we also learn that the great minds and intellect of every age have been compelled to perform their labors under the opposition of the church end oven when the results thereof are announced to the world the church has denounced them and consigned them to punishment dire Greatness is not to be measured by any theological scale A man may be a great theologian but in the strict sense of being great ho cuts mighty small in mental caliber A man may make a success in the world of business if piling up a fortune may be termed success but when it comes to real mental effort in behalf of a priestridden humanity they merely count a cipher It is true indeed that most of our successful business men are members of some church denomination Some of them have builded their very success by reason of their church membership Many of them joined church for that purpose as a political candidate will join all the fraternal organizations for tho sake of getting votes It must not be assumed that nil business men joined church because they believe in the doctrines taught Some perhaps did because their mind being purely devoted upon business their lives spent in business they had no time to think or reason on the subject and took for granted what had been taught them But with an eye to business the church was looked upon as a medium of advertisement The acquisition of a reputation for piety is regarded by many men of business as a topping stone to business success and real or assumed the piety racket is played to the limit Let the world really know and understand that i j only tho really useful are the re ysuccessfuland piety will no longer be used as a cloak to cover covetousness and business aspirations Tho very policyhere presented has helped in establish ing the line of demarcation between the churchgoer and the nonchurchgoer There can be no question that the majority of the American voters regard the church with indifference if not with aversion And yet the religious tail continues to wag the political dog This is because dissenters are invariably passive The latter or some of them being unorganized and in ignorance of their numer ical strength follow blindly in the trail of the orthodox bandwagon anxious to avoid the inevitable boycott which men of business are anxious to dodge The result is that the church has been able to dominate the nation and indirectly compels even those who despise it to contribute to its support Millions are donated to the churchevery year np a matter of political and business expediency These are sops thrown to the over hungry Cerberus The only correct answer that could be given to such a question is that no truly great mind is now to be fuond within the church having been compelled to renounce its doctrines and by reason of being great the church lost its support Business men present a vastly different aspect Tho church has helped them to business success They may believe its doctrines or they may not believe in them but business being the dominant factor with them professions of piety are made with an eye ever upon the business end of the proposition To merely make money through business does not denote success The successful man is ho who has learned to master the baser passion to absolve himself of greed to eliminate self and to live andwork foi the happiness of others as well as for him self How many such can be found among the business men who attend church Not many With the majority of them long prayers on Sunday means short weights and measures on Monday Prayer and faith combined have failed to prevent even a church deacon from selling five and ten cent cigars out of the same box If business suc cess must depend upon such methods then all the assumed piety is but deceit and the church is welcome to allshe can make out of it HEAVEN AND HELL Tho Christian hope is built upon successfully dodg ing hell more than acquiring heaven No believer can possibly know what either of these places are but he has learned by faith that one is a place of joy and the other a place of torment The average believer is altogether indifferent con cerning his future welfare long as lie Can be as sured of escaping the pains and torments of the theo- i fI I l J BLUE GRASS BLADE 11ilogical hell Wliether he be destined for heaven or not is of small concern and he would be content could he absolutely know that his other world existence would be in nowise different from his existence in this world So strong has this feeling toward hell become that thousands have tacitly consented to have hell cut out of Christian theology altogether while others incline to the notion that after all it may be only of temporary character with possibilities of advancement thereby offering an avenue of escape at some future time So while heaven may bo regarded as a bribe direct and personal hell is the whip with which the ignorant masses have been lashed into acquiescence and compelled to admit an acceptance of the entire gamut of dogma From this it follows as a logical necessity that the doctrine of hell has been and is now of far greater value to the clergy and the church generally than the doctrine of heaven could possibly be Doubts may be entertained concerning the reality of heaven fears may be experienced anent the possibility of ever reaching it but so long as some sort of personal guar antee is offered however slight it may be that no serious harm will befall the individual in the world beyondsatisfaction is felt But preach hell that is the oldfashioned literal hell and immediately the baser passions are aroused the element of fear in vades and takes possession of the mind and another believer is assured No system of religion under the sun save that car rying the name of Christian could make its believers happy in the thought that immortal agonies await the unbeliever in some gloomy prison house of endless woeA future life that is a life beyond the grave is desirable only on the conditions that it be a happy one for all but a future life as preached and taught by the advocates of Christianity is not to be desired and the race would be far better off without it No believer in hell ought ever to feel happy No believer in hell can afford to indulge in a smile No believer in hell should bring children into the world if lie knows or believes that his doctrines are true Hell hath driven thousands to madness and millions of lives have been made melancholy because of such a beliefThe civilized world will yet come to give thanks to those noble unselfish and heroic men andwomen who with the sympathetic tears of their kindly pity have striven to extinguish hells fires and to kindle in their stead the holy flame of human love Brutish ignorance may build he si in every corner of this picItures on the reasons day will soon appear over the tops of the hills of tprogress and its bright sun shall illumine the way to a higher and nobler impulse a happier way tovreach the destiny of mankind a path oer which the banner of Freethought shall in glorious triumphr waveTho Free Speech League of New York has published compilation of the writings of Hon Theodore Schroederftaken from different journals and magazines under tho cot J lective title of Duo Process of Taw and while it is par n ticularly addressed to legislators and members of the bench rj and bar it can bo read by the laity with considerable bene 3rfit The text is designed with considerable force to ex C pose tho uncertainties that enshroud statutory enactments p regarding constructive offenses Behind it all appears tho demonstrated tendency to give us a government of men instead ofa government by law It is n valuaLlu ncquUi si tvon to the advanced literature of the day and tho League tis to be warmly congratulated upon the publication 1 Tho PanAnglican Congress recently closed in London demonstrated what is meant by tho despair and display of defeat The parades of the daintily robed parsons with banner flying watched by hundreds on tho streets were to gratify the most fastidious tastes but during the discus l sions it was shown that the church as an institution had separated itself from everything that is useful and progres sive among mankind The people have outgrown such 4 notions It is also a selfevident fact that while peopletcan got rr well without the church tho church must still depend upon tho people Many of our contributors especially tho six who haveJwritten replies to M Oriel Kidder may feel impatient at tho delay in publishing their articles Our purpose in making this an Ingcrsoll issuo led us to devote the greater portion of its columns to matter concerning Ingersqll and to all who have sent us contributed articles wo simply sug Best that each will find publication just as soon as our congestedcopy will permit If a person reads tho Blade constantly it is a sure shot that ho will hmo littlo use for the orthodox religion or any thing that it implies However a Louisville Kentucky critic writes that ho is a frequent reader of tho Blade and that the more ho reads it the stronger and firmer does his faith in Jesus become Our advice is that ho should sub scribe for it and become a regular and constant render in that it might insure him a scat near tho throno in tho now Jerusalem ii f1 t fIt 12 lail r J BLUE GRASS BLADE Whv I Became An Atheist Despite Strict Theological Instruction All Gods Ghosts and Miracles Finally Rejected By Rev Marlon W Marley My mother taught me of Jesus and his miracles I believed Jesus was the Christ or the son of god because It was taught he performed these miracles I could make no explanation of the miracles through merely human power Learned men tried to teach mo they could prove the existence of god by science but whan they attempted to do so I generally made them admit they could not quite prove it but they said others most wing thing for me to under stand was the law of attraction A great many things In chemistry and the formation of various rocks and animal life seem ed to be contrary to the law of attraction My theological instructors said an intelli gent creator caused this violation of law In order to produce things as they now exist The law of attraction always seemed explainedittive electricity attracted things that pos issed positive electricity I would then Isk why did positive electricity attract negative electricity They said they didnt know It seemed to mo to say that things attracted or pulled each other together was unreasonable but that something must bo pushing them together In the spring of 1902 it occured to me that the action of ether is the cause of all the manifestations of attraction or mag netism The vibrations of ether caused by the explosions and heat of the sun give planetstoand the vibrations caused by other suns tho planets in sight are caused to revolve around tho sun what wo see These vibra onlandbyforceforcedtoforced to the earth by these atoms of ether bythoIthadmagnetismThere is a difference in tho size of themolecules of ether Wo may call it coarser other nnd fine ether The presuro of coarse ether holds together iron wood vegetablepumpwhenvalves are on tho outside Fine ether Is circulatesotnerMmesor molecules of matter and fine ether rushes in like water or air rushes into an apparent vacuum This is Why the philos ophy of electricity is so difficult to under experimentorbut can bo explained by tho law of repul F f i sion I see no necessity of the law of at traction or magnetism even In animal or vegetable bodies Since I believed the law of repulsion to be the only law I see no mysticism or apparent evidence of an in telligent creator in science for it is moro reasonable to believe that matter always existed than to believe that god created all things from nothing- In 1903 I commenced to study the subject of miracles and after studying In this lino for two years I decided that any mir acle that ever was performed can be performed today The apparent miracles or raising the dead curing the blind the deaf the palsy the leper the Insane making spirits and many other magical tricks can be performed merely by human power and intelligence Now friends what elso than atheism you expect me to believe These evidences force me to this position like a fox that has been chased by the hounds over the snow around through the forest and brush and briers and over hedge fences until finally he takes his position in tho corner of a rail fence to fight or to die forhls rights but Immediately the hounds are all turned into foxes and they are able to whip every hound within ten miles of them In the center of the swamp we hear tho hounds saying science science and farther east they say Moham saythegodsPopeLeo PopeLeo near tho corner of the fence they say theholyholyghost and powertoNow If any of you want to learn how to perform miracles Just send to me for the Mnrleian Bible Bucklin Kansas DAVES LETTER To His Dear Heavenly Father Copyright applied for 1908 by Franklin Heald My Deer hovenly fatherWas your Jesus alive In heven befor Mary Christ had him In tho stable Did you have to kill him youkillplanets all tho time How many times has ho bin horned and hung already Are their Marys that are virgins on every planet and Calfsheds for him to be born in How many planets are there and how many murderers on each planet How many murderers are in Hoven now Cant I go to heven unles I kill somebody or steel something and re pent Joo says you dont have to bee a thef andthenattention to you so it I conclude togo I will kill somebody becas I dont want to bee a conion scrub if I do go and hay nobody notls mo I dont hav to go If I dont want to do I Wood you rather I wood kill a baby or a woman if I do conclude to go I hato to be bung so bad that I alnt quite sure yet which place I will go If I find out that I am going to dye in time I mite kill some body or sum baby that has Just bin baptised and then dye and we cud go to heven to gether If dogs go to heven why cudent I kill n dog lasted of a purson I woodent want to go up their with a dog tho nor with a thief if I cud help itI wood rather go with Papa but it Is not certan he will go there when he dyes He alnt sure he wants to and if Hell cools off sum moore we may both go there if their is anything to do to sit something to eat Is their any trees of life In the bad place or any water to drink now As over DAVE MARS STILL UNDER DISCUSSION Continued from Page the earth which in turn means that it must be solid almost to Its center which again most certainly means a very great age which finally means that animal and vege table life on its surface if such exist at confinedtoa limited water supply- I wish to assure friend Heald of my most profound respect for his great Intellectual power and Join him most heartily in the hope that lilt Wilson observatory may fur nish much now Information m regard t6our neighbor planet It will bo In Its most favorable position in September of next year Perhaps we shall learn something then that will show us how little we really know FURTHER CRITCISM OFFERED By Joseph B Thorn In reply to Mr Healds article on July 12 I would like to state the following- If Mars is nearly covered with water It would not present a red appearance In Charles 0 Hayes article he tells us that the gravitation on Mars is about 25 as great ashore therefore if Mars is nearly covered with water it should havo a dense atmos phere as it has sufficient heat to change water into vapor It it has a dense atmos phere why is it that wo can always see the canals and the surface never changes lIf tho lines on Mars are mountains please tell me the cause of their regularity If Mars is a younger world then Its own heat would bo sufficient to convert water into steam I believe that either Mars is older than tho earth or was here about the same time or possibly a little before and being smaller cooled off quicker Its slowness of motion on axis goes to prove that it was once ered with water but tho tides upon Its sur face caused by its two moons has helped to check its rotary motion fts days being about twice as long as ours As to the speed of the planets I say that they increase in speed as they approach the sun Neptune where It is has all of the centrifugal force it ever had butJIB it approaches the sun its terrestlal or a lt Iittwice as close to the sun as it is the solar attraction would be four times as great and the planet would move faster corresponding ly Look at the fast rotation of Jupitersamoons If they had less speed full to Jupiter So they havo either got isstopped i il = r lfl l BLUE GRASS BLADE J ConventionsJiyr Canal Dover Ohio September 5 9 MATERIALIST ASSOCIATION t Program Conferencediscuss methods of propaganda SUNDAY SEPTEMBER Buckeye Secular Union at Hardestys Opera House t MONDAY SEPTEMBER 7 Morning Session 1 Election of chairman of convention 2 Chairmans opening address Secretarys report of membership and finance Appointment of Committees Discussion of members present and reading of letters from absent members upon methods for the promotion and welfare of the Association and Its propaganda AFTERNOON SESSION Reports of Committees 2 General discussion on propaganda with such recommendations as may be deemed advisable 3 Introduction of secretaries writers delegates fraternal delegates from other organizations for five minute talks on any subject EVENING SESSION AddressSunday Meetings Eliza Mowry Bllven 2 Address Dr T J Bowles The basis of our hopes la the law of progress 3 Address John R Charlesworth ALIre death and Immortality or Materialism v Theology TUESDAY SEPTEMBER Morning Session 1 General discussion Do we need any constitution In addition to our invitation and application blanks Shall we Intro duce the words I believe into all future blanks before the words There is no god or future life 2 Election of officers for ensuing term 3 Final reports of Committees and action on propaganda work AFTERNOON SESSION Womans MeetingThis not only for materialist and agnostic women but for all women promoters of the various moral educational political and philanthropic movements We want to bring these women together at Canal Dover and each explain their methods objects and plans During this day examples will be given of the meetings proposed that should take the place of religious services In all churches EVENING SESSION 1 AddressSelected Jesse White 2 Address Otto Wettstein The Axe to the Root or a God Impossible In Nature WUsonjAllnames Secretary BLIVENI Box 76 J PROGRAM OF CONVENTION l li1 Buckeye Secular Union Arranges for Splendidr Yc t Gathering at Canal Dover 0 Sept 6 it MATERIALIST ASSOCIATION ON HAND The sixth annual session of the Buckeye Secular Union will be f Jheld in Hardestys Opera House Third Street Canal Dover Ohio Sunday September Cth E M 308 y 9JjPROGRAMMorning Session O 900 Address of WelcomeSawuel Toomey Response Otto Wettstein tI1000Report of the ecretaryMiss Lou Lawrence Report of the TreasurerMr J Wilbur White 1A1l00Short1200Adjourn for Luncheon s Afternoon Session S 130Why I am a Fl etl1inker1IIr A C Narragonr200Lesson from PaineMr William McCarthy 215What Is Superstition W S English Esq 245What Is EducationMr Jesse P Whit- e315The Basis of Our Hopes Is the Law of Progress Dr T Ji Bowles 430Trolley ride to Tuscora Park- Evening Session 730IdealismHr Walter C Hardestyt750What Women Ought to do Instead of Church Work Mrs Eliza Mowry Bliven 830Secular Philosophy vs Christian Faith Mr Tohn R Charlesworth Editor Blue Grass BladerThe followi ommittees are herewith appointed Organizati Eliza M Bliven Gus A Parr Benjamin Bald win Es- qResolutitDr J T Bowles Helen M Lucas A C Narragon Press John It Charlesworth Lou Lawrence E M Lowe Wni McCarthy Chas Botcher FinanceSamuel Toomoy Anna H McGuire Joseph E John ston Entertainment Walter C Hardesty Belle M Converse AlfredIM Stowe NOTICE j The Central Hotel will bo headquarters and a special rate of 150 per day will bo given to those attending the convention The Materialist Association will meet in Canal Dover on the 7th and 8th of September and will be present at the meeting of the Buckeye Secular Union The two events cover three The M A will also meet in the Hardesty Opera House program for this convention will be announced in a few days ThoIEverybody invited and free discussion free press and speech is our motto t t qI 1trL f l4I f 14 BLUEGRASS BLADE COOPERATION AND SOCIALISM that political parties are strongly Influenced bythe religious belief of its units Unitar Ianism as a political force Is dangerous and It forms the antithesis of socialism The Democratic party has become nn Im potent absurdity made up ot two antago nistic elementsState socialists and politi cal grafters It Is about to disintegrate as n national force The main contending parties of the future will be Socialism and are a mere reflection of religious parties Republicanism reflects unitarianism while Democracy reflects trlnltarlanlsm Socialism reflects mater scientific Socialist sees that cooper titlon Is the law of the universe An ear of corn a bale of cotton a horse or n man Is but the manifestation of the co operation of natures forces earth air water and heat operated upon by natures laws expansion elimination and gravitation One law follows the other In one eternal round of activity The forces of nature acted upon by natures laws become planets plants and animals these again cooperating produce higher forms It Is not recospiiry that things should be con Bclniip of the fart of cooperation In order to cooperate nature set to that As a niliiral roiwqucncp men cooperate with one another without knowing anything about It A farmer expends his life the life of his wife and the life of his children supplying a market from which all draw sustenance Other men more cunning ex pend their lives robbing It Thu farmer works to produce a bale of cotton he turns It over to the merchant The merchant turns It over to the manufacturer and ho converts It into clothing and hands it back to the merchant The merchant distributes the clothing among those who engaged In Its production giving r share to each This Is accomplished by the operation of those natural laws I have heretofore enumerated In thin we call them the laws of trade Supply which means expansion demand which means attraction and competition which means elimination The average socialist knows no more about the laws of trade or the laws of nature that Mr Kid der But he recognizes the law of cooperation anl that is more than Mr Kidder dries While the farmer merchant and manufacturer are one tho other nn one hand miners merchant and manufacturers are cooperating on another to produce other things Then all cooper ate to stock the market with a supply for all Each one draws his supply from the marketIn meantime cunning rascals of all degrees devise schemes that enable them to draw from the market without adding anything to the stock or without yielding anything like a true equivalent for what they draw All those schemes may be classed as special privileges Political law Is at the bottom of them all and they are found In connection with land tenure taxation currency and trade A sneclnl privilege enables one to secure wealth from the market without rendering ofiat all The market Is like a lake of water only that instead of water we have wealth Streams flow out and streams flow In i t J Jl while the supply In tho market fluctuates to points above and points below a normal value of a thing as a bale of cotton Is the sum of other things It will command In exchange That sum is determined by the supply of things In the market That Is what we mean ny the law of supply Demand waits on supply or would in the absence of robbery Demand presupposes a supply Demand serves to accelerate supply by yielding supply for supply as In case of a farmer or miner yielding raw material for finished goods or where the manufacturer yields finished goods for raw serves to drive out surplus labor and capjtal where not needed and where otherwise they would go to waste They are drawn to points where needed by demand and the result of their application to raw material is nn Increased supply The average Socialist fairly breaks his neck in dealing with competition There are two kinds one Is natural the other is artificial My Socialist compatriot falls to distinguish tother from which and this Is what sets the teeth of men like Kidder on edge Artificial competition Is due to the operation of political law We see It where one man owns a vacant lot he does not want to use while two other men are bidding against one another In an effort to Induce him to get off the earth We see it again where men deprived of the power to employ themselves by land and town lot speculation bid agaInsteach other for the right to work and live Our land law coupled to our method of raising reve nue is responsible for this form of com petition The single tax will remedy that Ignorance of the facts of nature Is the foundation of all our social and industrial troubles Of course the antiSocialist can not resonably expect me to enumerate all tho facts connected with the production and exchange of wealth To those who desire to get next to all the facts I would advise thusly Consider man a force of nature as a planet plant or animal Keep god tirely out of your calculation Take the three great natural laws expansion elimi nation and contraction and notice how they bear upon all things Give special atten tion to the laws of gravitation It is some times called attraction As a matter of fact gravitation and attraction are separate and distinct The earth gravitates the sun racts Attraction is the cause gravitation the effect Contraction and gravitation are once and the same law All forms of matter tend to form bodies by flowing together This Is as true of men as of other things Men form communities with a constant pressure towards the cen ter Notice the value that attaches to the ground as tho result of that pressure All the facts of astronomy can be deter mined by the facts relative to the founda tion and development of a community The natural laws and forces are practically the same In both cases Socialism is or will be conscious co operation subject to natures laws The dustrial units of the community cooperate unconsciously while the Roosevelts the Rryans Rockefellers lUrrlmans and Goulds also cooperate to plunder them Of course they first secure the consent of the idiots fools and lunatics and and not without reason that when a majority of the people can be t NIbh fc 1 m brought to see the beauty of natures arrangement and that everything is the result of cooperative qffort those who now reap a profit by blocking the way of supply at Us source and those who loot the market will be deprived of the power to produce pauperism and crime We only need to demonstrate the facts of nature and ex pound her laws A general diffusion of knowledge relating to the production of wealth showing the natural laws that gov ern and work Its distribution Is what we need Scientific Socialism- In a cooperative Commonwealth revenue for the State would be secured by reaping the value that attaches to the ground All other forms of taxation would be abolished That would dispose of the land question and stop all Interference with supply and its source Currency would be confined to subsidiary coinage and bank checks issued by deposi tors That would stop the looting of the market with bonds stocks and legal tender currency Thq State would be out of the money business It might supply the sub sidiary currency All roads especially rail roads would be built and maintained by the State the same as dirt roads Trans portation might be free So far as the State I Is concerned Rolling stock might be own ed individually The railroad Is a dirt road plus ties and rails The State would grant no monopoly right The Socialism of Kidder is bureaucracy Kidder Is a Unitarian in politics as well as in religion He naturally believes in tralization His ideal government Is cenrautocracy His every thought Is colored the narrowness of his mind He divides the State Into two partsgods and mobs Hec worships one and damns the other Republicanism embodies the principle of centralization Socialism embodies the principle of diffusion A true Republican believes in god A true Socialist believes In nature A Republican State will be to all intents and purposes a monarchy It can not be anything else A Socialist State will be a cooperative Commonwealth governed principally by the laws of nature What a Friend We Have In Jesus WHAT A FARCE WE HAVE IN JESUSI By R D Fausett What a farce we have in Jesus Absurd fables and hot air Who has answered when men carried Everything to god in prayer Oh what peace we often forfeit Oh what needless pain we bear When we waste our precious moments Kneeling down to god in prayer We have trials and temptation There is trouble everywhere And our troubles all are doubled By the dupes who kneel In prayer Who has found that friend so faithful How does he our sorrows share Selfreliance would relieve us If we scorned to kneelin prayer Dupes are weak and heavyladen Cumbered with a load of care And they cultivate that weakness Kneeling down like apes lriprayer Does thy friend despise forsake thee Go unto thy friend in prayer In his arms thy friend will fold thee Ho alone can answer prayer j d f linl- l BLUE GRASS BLADEj IGive Em Fits Thats what THE SCARLET SHADOW Walter Hurts great rad ical novel doss to the forces of bigotry and su perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by the church element Is throwing a over it too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which Is sufficient proof that It is all right It has ated a sensation In con servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy- It Is enthusiastically endorsed by leading Freelthlnkers through out the world You all know how Hurt can write and In this book I he is at his best It Is an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bound In oxblood cloth Price 150 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE rLexington Ky O M ROBINSON Violin Maker MINNEBuy your violins and get your repair ing done by a man of 50 years experience and will guarantee everything or no sale The Wage Slave A Socialist Weekly that advocates Industrial to the EDITED BY A FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports the existing social order 4Send for sample copy f Address The Wage Slave Box Hancock Mich J A 1C BTIRTON Editor i t Be Sure and Subscribe For Secular Thought A Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti cism In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms 1 per annum In advance single copies 10 cents All communications for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 1853 Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should be addressed C M ELLis Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can 16 MEDIUM SIZE Mens New Thin Model Watches HAMPDENNo 104 23 Jewels 30 Wm McKinley 21 Jewels 22 same 17 jewels 12 General Stark 17 Jewels 10 15 Jewels 7 Jewels S550 WALTHAM Riverside Maximus 23 Jewels 50 Riverside 19 Jewels 21 P S Bartlett 17 Jewels 1250 15 Jewels 7 Jewels ELGINNo 156 or 162 21 Jewels 49 Verltas 21 Jewels 27 243 17 Jewels 22 242 17 Jewels 18 241 17 Jewels 12 340 17 Jewels 10 15 Jewels 7 Jewels CASESAll the above In the new Thin Model Sllverlno Screw Cases In Fahys Crown or Deuber filled gold case guaran teed by the manufacturers for 20 years artistic hand chased or plain or hunt Ing case more In 25 year case more than In 20 year case In cases guaranteed for all time screw or hunting 10 more than In Sllverlne case Prices of solid gold cases on application Every Watch Guaranteed Fresh and New from Factory no shopkiors an accu rate time keeper and If well used good for fifty years or longer Will be kept In order foi one year Beware of Special movements and cases made nobody knows where and which you cannot price Intelligently and buy everywhere Also beware of die work engraved casesthey are a fraud Those listed above are known to be the best watches made and If watch Is new and perfect you are safe to buy them where the price Is lowest I pay freight Describe closely what you want and let me send you cuts and pricesalso of my Freethought Badges and 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a thousand strings five hundred poems on such a variety of subJects that no reader may fall to strike a harmon loua chord It contains fifteen beautiful trations Price leatherette cloth and gold LOST IN THE BOTTOMLESS PIT by j Howard Cashmere An answer to Ernest Haeckels Riddle of the Universe It sents a new hypothesis for the solution of problems of life and mind Over pages of Inspiration Bound only in cloth and gold Price SIDEREAL SIDELIGHTS by Charles Loult Brewer author of The Elder Brother and Steppingstones to Heaven This Is a well printed book containing a number of profound and brilliant lectures on Socialistic and New Thought lines Price In paper cover only THE TRUTH ABOUT NEW THOUGHT Julia Seton Sears M D The whole world I asking What Is New Thought This bookie answers In a clear and concise fashion that satisfies Price If you wish to secure any or all of the abeamibooks send ten cents in stamps or cove sample copies of our Advanced Thougnt jfrll- catlons and we will send you 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