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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 23, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908082301 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 23, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. or r BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVII Number 18 LEXINGTON KY AUGUST 23 1308 Published Weekly ZDEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT I II JUDGE PARISIIIJ LADD WriterIIEminent Western Jurist and Freethoujrht j 0r 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE if dreExperience Is a successful teacher What is worth Having Is furnishingthim and rear an edifice thereon as high as ho is capable of reaching but ho cannot widen the foundations To build high is the greatest of human aspirations when concerned with intellect r and personal character It is not saying too much when wo apply these glorious traits tothe subject of this sketch Only by dilUgent labor the burning of midnight oil close and persistent study have the Intellectual heights been reached and It is no glittering flattery bestowed upon Judge Parish B Ladd of Alameda Gal when we attribute to him such a work such an experience and such attainments Judge Parrish B Ladd was born In New Hampshire the off spring of sturdy stock of New England pioneers Among the hills and dales of that historic spot his boyhood days were spent and here ho received the first rudiments of education In the common public schools such as the day and times afforded While still in his early youth he left his native State and started out for the boundless and then almost limitless West Ho reached Cincinnati Ohio where he settled for a time and at tended the Cincinnati Law College where he became an ardent and intense student of Blackstone He Ftood a splendid exam nation graduated obtained a diploma and commenced the practice of his chosen profession Imbued with a spirit of adventure he soon emigrated to Wisconsin where he again embarked upon the practice of law and later formed a partnership with one of the most widely known and brilliant lawyers of the West Ho remained pere until the fall of 1862 a day when the nation was irr the midst of a seething conflict and he moved out to the shores of the Golden Sldpes and settled down In San Francisco Wider opportunities were now opened before him and success attended his efforts He went Into Nevada and here he was given the appointment to a Territorial judgeship under the Fed eral Government a position which ho filled with marked honor and distinction an office peculiarly fitted for the man and his judicial service became a credit to him and a credit to the nation Serving out his term upon the bench he now began an experience of travel from which he was able to acquire a store of valuable Information We now find him In Mexico Ten months were spent in the Diaz Republic among the mountains and on the plains gathering up material for that intellectual edifice ho was building Nearly a year was afterwards spent In the Andes of South America after which ho returned to San Francisco where he at onco opened a law office went actively Into the practice following his profession with splendid success Fifteen years ago ho retired permanently from business Heestablished a home In Alameda citywherehome In tho Far West he has sent out valuable messages to t the un terrified hosts of Freethinkers and from time to time the various Freethought publications of America have eagerly sought the productions of his brain and pen During these later years he was favored with access to the Immense libraries of San Francisco He was a frequent attendant thereat He fairly reveled In the wealth of literature they offered Ho did not seek the works of fiction too frequently presented to tho reading public but his mind turned to the works of history and art and from these he gleaned that information which has enabled him to construct innumerable articles upon the history of all religions including Freethought by way of comparison The fruition of these labors is to be given to the readers of the Blade for Judge Ladd has undertaken the preparation of a serial article upon Freethought and Christianity at the counting house striking up a balance of what they have done for humanity This is to appear exclusively in the Blade In accordance with previous announcement and an Intellectual treat is thus offered The big earthquake and fire which fell upon that great city destroyed the library and the books which deprived him of the opportunity of following up his quest for Information but he had already managed to derive innumerable historical facts concerning the great religions of the world upon science history government political economy and kindred subjects Judge Ladd was fortunate In an Inheritance of Freethought views for his parents were Freethinkers before him Supersti tion was not forced upon him In childhood as Is too frequently the case even in these days of progress and enlightenment and ho readily took to Liberal views upon religious matters On tihs subject he says of hlmsnif I was never able to see anything In any religion but fiction romance and fraud To me religion always had a lean dupe at one end a fat priest at tho other These constitute the only llglng factors in any and all religions The family of Judge Ladd consists of a loved and loving wife and one son The latter is a 33d degree Mason and a Free thinker His wife is a brilliant English and French scholar and with It she Is also an avowed Atheist Thus Is a perfect har mony of thought assured and this family stands but little chance ofa rupture because of religious discord Judge Ladd Is a believer and an admirer of the old philosophy of Greece the philosophy of the Stoics modified by the school of Epicurus Upon this subject Judge Ladd expresses himself as follows Happiness should be the aim and end of life to attain which Truth Honesty Justice and Humanity to all mankind and no necessary harm to any of the living world should be the motto the working motto for every member of society No more sublime thought was ever penned and such a philosophy if properly and universally applied would be sufficient for all tho practical affairs of life At the same time It contains oil that every religion known to man could ever promulgate as being of valuo to mankind Could all men be brought to such a high sense of duty and right what n world we would have li BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 r Jj Striking A Balance SheetMt Freethought and Christianity at the Counting House of Ethics Comparing Notes Upon Profit and Losss 08 By Judge Parish B Ladd It will be my aim In this article to correct the false statements which have so long been floated over the world by an Illde signed priesthood touching the true ethical status and com parative moral worth of Freethought and Christianity Freethought Isn derivative Etymologically It comes from the untrammeled power of collecting Ideas and may be defined thusReason Is the parent of doubt doubt is the first child of Free thought Freethought Is the highway which leads to religious liberty which In Its turn begets knowledge Without religious liberty and Its derivative man Is but a slave to the grovelling passions of a brainless superstition Freethought dates back to an age when doubt first struggled with falsehood for supremacy It has no policy It makes no compromises It never surrenders though it may be crushed for a time It will rise again for its years are Imprinted on the starry heavens Its ships loaded with truth float on every sea and anchor In every harbor Its craftsmen have ever defied the storms of persecution Its pilots In their onward course are steering for the promised land of eternal truth No wayward breeze nor burning faith has ever baffled the ships movements Freethinkers like the air we breathe are bound by no books no faiths no theories no ties of religion In open field of fair discussion they throw their banners to the breeze on which are emblazoned in golden letters Truth is immortal all else is fictionFreethinkers are humanitarians wishing the greatest good to all mankind and no harm to any living creature Stoicism modified by Eplcurlanlsm to govern our life is their standard Happiness In this world Is the end of life No promised rewards beyond the grave had any value Freethinkers though numerically Inferior to the Christians have led the world at all times when not crushed by the blind force of religion These men are our reasoners they embody the most of the worlds Intelligence they are our artists our writers of science and history and our Inventors of useful machinery In short they are the only men whose writings are worth reading while Christians write fiction treatises on the gods and religion Christians are the exclusive inventors of devices for the torture of unbelievers In these assertions I am not unmindful of the fact that we have some works on science history and other useful subjects written by men who move under the colors of Christianity This they use only asn shield to cover their unbelief to ward off criticism and so allow their writings a larger circulation but no genuine believer devout Christianever had the mental capacity to write any book of value for one who can believe the stuff put forth as the foundation of Christianity certainly lacks common sense The church to foster her selfish ends has at all times claimed to be the embodyment the sole depository of all virtue purity goodness humanity and progress while In truth not ono of these claims can she prove to bo true As here used the words Christianity church and priesthood mean one and the same thing hence will be used Indiscriml nately iJ I have here reached the point where the history of Christianity is in order from which we shall learn that not one of these boasted virtues of the priesthood are true What Is Christianity It is a religious sect only one among hundreds or thousands of others many of them dead and gone others still living all putting forth substantially the same claim ordained by one or more gods Their sacred writings When any are the work of their god or gods each one claiming to be the only true one and averring all others to be false allT believe In special providence all alike resort to prayers for special favors- Christianity like all other sects Is the child of superstition Passion prejudice and faith are is guides Reason never enters Its life When one goes into its doors the other departs for they never have and never can live together Reason opposes religion while religion is a stranger to reason Christianity fights its adversaries with falsehoods briberies forgeries the sword fagots and fire and every Istrument of torture at Its command In an open field In argument it never ventures The history of Christianity with Its priesthood is a long one To do Justice to It volumes would be required For a magazine article as here only a synopsis can be given Christianity was born of tho most ignorant class mostly Hebrews It started as two societies Therapeuts and Essenes one near Alexandria In Africa the other on the borders of the Dead Sea Both were fully organized one hundred and fifty years before our era both were extremely pious claiming to be good pure pious men which when embodied in one word was Christ an adjective not n man or proper name These people were to a large extent the followers of Platos allegorical system three gods in one and one In three The two when applied to the ono were simply attributes as used by these societies meaning Jehovah the Logos word or wind and salvation These societies had Imbibed much from Orientalism from the writings ascribed to Zoroaster About tho year 120 of our era these two societies met and framed a confederacy under the name of Christian e holy society To be a worshipper of Jehovah was to this people all there was in goodness morals cut no figure Paganism was then used by the Roman philosophers and Freethinkers only as a means of holding in check the passions of the unlettered The Christians word tho lowest of the low made up as Gibbon says of beggars old women slaves criminals and mechanics Mechanics at that time were of the lowest class totally ignorant Christians then being of the lowest class were despised by even the common pagans Thus Christianity starts life at the very bottom of the scale of Ignorance while the Freethinkers then as now led all others In Intelligence they were the worlds great scholars writers and thinkers truly Freethinkers the only men who are not slaves to superstition for to be a good writer one must be absolutely free which no one bound by a creed can be Tho Roman empire ntthis time commencing with the August or the Augustinian era was at the zenith of her power Itwas during this era that all her great writers appear to the world During this time and until Constantino turned the em pire over to these Ignorant Christians may Justly be called the r9 r 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE halcyon days of the Roman world all except the stupidly ignorant c were well to do happy In their lot well fed and clothed Of libraries and schools there were many Architecture and statuary r everywhere of the purest typo Luxuries In abundance Post roads of the best type No higher encomium could be bestowed on any one than to say he was a Roman citizen t Such was the high order of intelligence happiness and pros 1 perity of Rome when Constantine divided the empire with his f colleagues With Constantine as sole emperor aftermurddri- ngzall who stood in his way of empire including his wife and family f an era of decline of learning progress virtue and humanity set In which continued under Christian rule to sink lower end lower until Freethought rose came to the rescue and drove Christianity from power t Constantine born 227 C Esole emperor 306 to 337 a be liever In no religion a man of policy only he wanted soldiers the Christians would fight for their god Jehovah but not for the emperor Quarrels over doctrinal points everywhere kept the Christians In a state of not only unrest but warfare among themselves wherein the factions were slaughtering each other Peace must be restored The bishops must meet and settle the matter Constantine saw hIs opportunity He called for a council Three hundred and eighteen bishops monks from all quarters mostly from Asia some from Africa a few from Europe met at Nice 325 C E This council after much quarrelling settled the canon of the New Testament by artifice and fraud but not as we now have It for it was tampered with by the church during the Dark Ages Frauds and forged documents by the church commenced at a very early time ever since which she has never ceased to resort to forgery when necessary to her end Among her numerous forgeries stands that Josephus mention of Christ the forged letter of Abgarus to Christ and his answer the forgeries in the Talmud referring to Christ the forgery in Tacitus referring to Christ the forgery in making a donation of Italys public lands to the church by Constantine the for geries of the Isldarlon decretals In fitting up the space by popes from the time of the alleged Peter down to the fifth century There are only a few of the more Important forgeries by the church for every writing in the New Testament is a forgery but enough to show the immoral and licentious character of the Christian rulers during the reign of Christianity John Tyndal says in substance The canon scriptures were made up largely of forgeries and frauds that when proofs were wanted the forgers hand was always ready How is this for Christian virtue The Crusades As the claim of wisdom purity and humanity are to a limited extent involved in these expeditions a few words along this line wlll now be in order The first expedition was set on foot by an Itinerant monk by the name of Peter The Christians being very ignorant Intuition Ists and being fired by the eloquence of this monk rose In a body for the recapture of Jerusalem the alleged burial place of Christ a pure myth All Europe was soon In arms From 600000 to 1000000 led mostly by their bishops and priests They placed the figures of a goose and a goat at the head of their armies as emblems probably the goose was intended to represent the intelligence of the Christians while the goat rep resented their power in butting down the walls of Jerusalem In traversing the countries of Europe these holy warriors knew neither friend nor foe Whatever was necessary In their march they forcibly took possession of killing fill who opposed them Including every Jew In sight When this vast army reached the eastern side of the Bosphorus starvation stared It In the face After much suffering and many deaths the remnant of them i iiJJy tJt r JIt sick and emaciated took up their march through Asia Minor for Jerusalem AH along this route their rear was embarrassed by the Saracens who killed many of them Hunger drove them to kill and devour many of their own children for great numbers of women girls and children were In the expedition Antioch being reached the crusaders laid siege to the city with a force of about 600000 warriors At the end of seven months the town surrendered June 1098 No mercy being shown by these humane Christians nearly all the Inhabitants men women and children were murdered After satiating their thirst for blood at Antioch the army renewed its march for Jerusalem where it sat down for a siege After much time here spent with no prospect of success a cry was raised of the find iof the true cross This roused the forlorn spirit of the bfslegers to the utmost frenzy when they pushed on and on July 15 1099 scaled the walls of the Holy City whose 100000 Inhabitants then became the prize of these holy warriors A few made their escape All others gave up their lives to satiate the spirit of true Christianity Many of the babes being transfixed on spears were carried through the streets and finally dashed to death against the walls of the city Just 433 years before this the Saracens captured the city from the Christians When it surrendered to Omah he refused to allow his army to enter the city or Injure a single Christian Just 68 years after this Christian capture of Jerusalem and the slaughter of its people the city was retaken by the Saracens under Saladin After the surrender not a Christian was injured the Greeks and Oriental Christians were allowed to remain All others were given sixty days to prepare for departure when they were escorted by the Saracen army to places of their choice These Saracen army officers were Free thinkers for such were the civil and military leaders at that time When this country was the land of colleges academies and other schools of learning all presided over by Freethinkers under whose influence progress content happiness plenty andrhumanity reigned supreme while Christian Europe was wallow Ing In filth poverty piety and crime as will more fully appear later on when I come to treat of the Inquisition These crusading expeditions occupied a period of about 264 years from 1006 to 1270 C E While they have been divided up in eight or ten separate movements from the first to the last the movements were hardly broken After this Saracen period of learning and prosperity under the guidance of liberalism the country relapsed under the leadership of the orthodox Mohammedans in the end nearly as low and ignorant as the Christians were at the beginning of the Dark Ages Nothing Is more true than the statement that Ignorance and religion of whatever kind are fellow travelers The Inquisition As with the crusades I shall confine my inquiries to only such matters as will show the comparative worth of Freethought and Christianity In the settlement of accounts on an ethical basis To do more would bo foreign to my purpose Besides It would require more time and magazine space than are at my command Although the Inquisition had existed in practice so far back as the eighth century it was not established by decree until the meeting of the Council of Toulouse in 1229 Six years before this an Inquisitorial mission was created and put into the hands of the Dominicans Pietro do Verona was the first to apply the torch He was assassinated and afterward canonized by the church From time to time the Inquisition laws were amended so as to Increase the torture and to authorize the mutilation of the bodies of the dead and tho punishment of the servants ot tho rich Llorenta In his History of the Inquisition says The hand of the holy office Christianity In practice was outstretched against all No degree In dignity in state or church or emi nence In art or science and no purity of life could stand its madness War was made on books of every kind 700000 volumes xJL t 1j1 j J a dit 4cs I JfT BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 were burned In the temple of Serapls at Alexandria by order of the church under the Christian Emperor Theodoslus The civil rulers were at that time all under the control of the church so their acts were the fruits of Christianity which had no use for Intelligence Queen Isabella then on the throne of Spain was by nature a mbst kind and humane woman but under the control of Chris tianity a devil In female attire She says I have caused great up and give Information All who failed In this were to be treated Llorenta gives the figures of those burned alive and tortured In Spain during the term of his office31912 burned alive 17650 Imprisoned and tortured The age at which children could be tried and burned was ten and a half years for boys nine and a half years for girls It was made the duty of every one to hunt up and give Information All who failed In this were to be treaea as heretics All suspects were arrested and thrown Into loath some dungeons where they lay sometimes for years to be oc casionally brought out and tortured for confession or denial If they confessed they were thrust back into the dungeon to do penance worse than death Torture was applied to all unwilling witnesses Heretics could not testify for but were forced to give evidence against each other The houses giving shelter to heretics were burned and the Inmates arrested Frederick Bar barosaa said the sword had been given him to smite the enemies of Christ This was but carrying into execution the words put Into the mouth of the mythical Christ Think not that I have come to bring peace but a sword All this devilish torture and death of heretics was none other than the legitimate fruits of biblical Christianity and thousands more of the same kind which the church was carrying into executionIn the balance between Freethought and Christianity let us duly consider this piece of evidence Heretics of both sexes and all ages were outlaws which applied to their children to the second generation All who defended heretics were to be treated as heretics their children disinherited and thlr prop erty confiscated All officials took an oath to use their utmost endeavors to utterly exterminate all unbelievers These are only a few of the requirements Imposed by the church for the extermi nation of all unbelievers It is only a wonder that a single person could be found who was not a professed believer In Christianity for it required a desperate amount of moral courage with an almost certainty of torture and death to even doubt the supposed truth of Christianity Where then was Freethought and the Freethinkers Those not murdered were In hiding or concealing their real opinions under the profession of Christianity This we shall more fully learn when we come to the revival of learning and its actors This Christian machinery for making Christians in Spain con tinued down to near the close of the seventeeth century when the last act of preserving the faith was carried out by burning alive two heretic scholars The Inquisition was finally suppressed by Joseph Bonapartes army in 1808 Llorenta the historian says After the hands of Napoleon had been taken off the Institution received in Rome and Madrid but Its teeth were gone and it could do little but show a murderous will The burning of heretics did not cease until the early part of the nineteenth century This inquisition was introduced into the Spanish American colonies where Ip Mexico Carthagena and Lima it rivaled in severity that of Spain All over Europe this Christian hell was as active as In Spain The Jews were marked out everywhere as the special targets tureand erous In Spain afforded an opportunity to the special favorite of Jhvh to exhibit their love of humanity In 1492 all Jews were given four months in which to leave Spain empty handed accept baptism or suffer death All Christian Europe shut Its doors against them The Jews could only escape by fleeing to Africa then under Mohammedan rule Some of them accepted forced Christianity Some eight or ten thousand attempted flight Oil this number more than onehalf died of privation and hunger before reaching their destination Some 80000 bought a stop over privilege of King Emanuel of Portugal hoping to earn enough to get over to Africa after the time given them had elapsed without their ability to go on The Christian king In the tenderness of his bowels sold Into slavery most of the common Jews Of the others he took all their children Under fourteen years of age and put them with the Christian brothers to be brought up in the faith of Christ while those on whom Chris tianity was forced some 200000 were constantly on the rack of torture Without going Into details suffice It to say the rest of Europe fared no better than Spain Torture and death to all unbelievers was the rule everywhere under Christianity whose virtues sorbs all that Is good pure useful and humane say our preachers today from ci ery pulpit Prof Huxley says It We could only see in one view the torrents of hyppcrisy and cruelty the lies the slaughter the violation of every obligation of honesty which have plowed along the course of history of Christian nations our imagination of hell would pale beside the vision and the t wolf would play the same havoc now if it could only get Its t bloodstained jaws free from the muzzle Imposed by the secular f J arm The persecution torture and slaughter of the Protestants f of France as were called over iRomedescription of the Huguenot persecution r During the Dark Ages when Christianity held all Europe in Its t deadly grasp all literature of every kind and all books except the few made by the church so far as they could be reached were destroyed and every school of learning was closed the literature of Rome not secreted was wiped off the face of theTearth Under Christian rule religion monasteries cloisters monks and dogmas took the place of all else prayers and images took the place of science and art Galileo for announcing that the earth revolved on its axis and copernlclus for having announced that our sun was the center of a system around which revolved its planets were silenced Bruno for announcing the plurality of worlds was after terrible torture finally burned at the stake Vanlni one of Italys bright est scholars shared the same fate Hypatia one of Alexandrias greatest teachers was murdered by order of the church Fol lowing this act Justinian by order of the church closed all the philosophical schools of Athens What has here been saidabout the doings of the church the custodian of Christianity is but an Imperfect index of the state of Europe under Christianity The thousand or more years of the Dark Ages are but the natural fruit of the Christian system It is Christianity fully ripe Just what It would be again today if freed from the secular arm of civil government which Is none other than the work of Freethought as will more fully appear later on when I come to treat of the revival of learning under the title of Renaissance Next in order of this series will be the rise of popedom and the strife of the popes among themselves AfJt f Le 1tyi BLUE GRASS BLADE 1 HN M N NT Current Comment on Public Events s 4 jJ N N N N N N N N N N N N H N N H N N H H N N N N N N N H N Is it possible that the Blade has thought lessly been guilty of wasting its space Is it possible that Messrs Heald Hayes and Thorn have deliberately thrown away 16 opportunities for obtaining factsiinstead of theories about the planet Mars Had we all known of the matter In time much patient labor might have been saved ii useful brain power diverted to some other a and equally important channel instead of struggling after physical facts to find out by observation and experiment whether or not Mars has canals or mountains plains or great seas men or monkeys In a recent issue of the Sunflower a 4SlIlrltualist paper published at Hamburg N Y an alleged medium whose name is given as Mrs Smead comes out with a message i from the ruddy planet which though using 1I an alphabet similar to our own but in construction resembling an admixture of Greek and Latin showing conclusively to Spiritualists that Mars is not only habi table but actually habited by sentient be ings Mrs Smead proves this by her own statement that she has been to Mars in the spirit and held converse with the Martian people Of course the spirit came back to earth and the is able to translate the communication for the benefit of those who may be inclined to believe her story To give the fake on appearance of truth it Is published under a New York date line dated August 5 It reads Ti ryre neu infew mare lanes en fratur triuen carmie The article then goes on to suggest that the reader may not know the language thus employed and suggests that It isa sen tence from the universal tongue spoken on the planet Mars Of course It also stated that the sentence was obtained from a spirit alleged to communicate through the personality of the celebrated Mrs Smead The attempt then follows to give a transla tion of the sentence which is interpreted to bo as follows The man chief rulers place In which looks on your earth from Mars Honest Injun But It does look like a case of bunko People who make profit upon the credulity of the childish and sim ple Invariably strive to acquire wide ad vertisement Nothing is better calculated to offer such means of advertisement than to make preposterous claims of mysticism Assuming that Mars was inhabited and that the people had a language it is Im possible that they should adopt a system of vowels and consonants similar to our own with which to produce articulate vocabulary Again assuming even all this to be true it Is absurd to suppose that a translation could be made literally by such means The Blade has no desire to injure any womans professional possibilities but any attempt to make money or profit of any character out of such grossly fraudulent representations Is too reprehen sible to escape without notice In this day and age of fact But this Is where the spirit medium has got the bulge on all the Blade writers who have been discussing the condition of the t Oft ruddy planet Brother Hayes gives an ar ray of facts to support his theories Brother Heald replies with some more facts to sus taro another and different theory Brother Thorn chips In with his Ideas on the same subject when could they only have known It direct information from Mars could have been given them with but little effort by simply communicating with the celebrated Mrs Smead Ah me What errors in Judgment we fall heir to through not knowing the precise path to follow Students of Mars put aside your telescopes Stop theorizing Send the celebrated Mrs Smead a small disk of gold with an eaglet engraved thereon by your Uncle Samuel and you can get all the information you want concerning Mars and its people Moses wrote actual history Moses is corroborated and Egypt actually suffered seven years of famine as predicted by Joseph the male person in the Potlphar Is no goak The patient work of the excavator and the scholarly toll of the decipherer of rec ords on stone and papyrus are slowly but surely revealing the secrets of ancient writes the London corespondent of the New York Sun and that newspaper once the pride otn great journalist actually plays It up toa finish in an effort to cater to the bible advocates The alleged facts that one Brugsch Bey while digging In the land of thePharaoahs- at Thebes Is reported to have discovered and deciphered a hieroglyphic record tend ing to prove that the seven years of famine which fell upon Egypt following seven years of plenty as related In Genesis was actually a fact in history and ho under takes to prove this by a translation of his find showing that during the seven years mentioned the Nile failed to overflow its banks and inundate the surrounding country by which means alone the inhabitants thereof were able to produce vegetation By looking at the bible record Prof Brugsch has discovered that this famine is supposed to have occurred about 1700 B C It was then an easy matter for him to translate his find and make It read for the same prelod of time thereby corroborating the bible Bible corroboration is thus ren dered comparatively easy but we are prone to ask that if the bible is a record ol his torical data compiled under a direct in spiration from the deity It needs no corroboration for the truths It contains would thus be made self evident The very fact gullthebelief that bible corroboration Is thus of fered indicates a doubt in the mind of the finder and that his conduct becomes neces sary to bolster up the work of the almighty The trouble Is that while the bible story translationas a rank fake of the first water The wonder Is that he is unable to appreciate laughingship But just as there were fools In the alleged time of Moses so there will con tinue to be fools as long as mankind will tolerate such trifling with history Falling to give value reecived for the cash Consideration agreed upon tin alleged evangelist passing current under the cog operatingnearwith the pastors of the neighborhood who had employed him with the result that the resident parsons tore down the tent in which he was holding forth nightly and one of the parsons overseeing the job was arrested for grand larceny Hauled before the Harlem police court the feud was newed and Instead of dwelling and working together In unity for the common cause of graft there is blood upon tho evangelis tic moon To properly appreciate this incident our readers must understand that the profes sional gospelspouting evangelist first proceeds to lay before resident pastors the grounds that constiQtue a necessity for bis laboring in that district Unmindful of the fact that his proposal is an implied criticism of their own work the evangelist proceeds to point out the advantages to their respective congregations provided they consent to employ him and an agree ment can be reached concerning the rake off But It Is also known that the rakeoff is a fixture in preaching Salvation is said to be free but the preachers must have cash = In some cases a sort of guarantee is given that so many souls shall be won to Christ and the evangelist can usually get out of a tight hole for if the sinners do not repent fast enough to enable him to keep up his contract he hires a few known parties to start the conversion racket and once under way the people are calculated upon to follow in like a flock of sheep Some such bargain had been made between Evangelist Lyle and the local preachers but Lyle failed the preachers were disappointed and wishing to cut down expenses by getting rid of Lyle they took away his tent left the poles standing but Lyle worked on without a tent ignored the preachers and evangell ed on his own hook Now the preachers are mad clean through Lyle is on the war path and the religion of meekness and humility is being demonstrated to the peo ple who do attend by its professors and is gratified that the good work of exposing the shams and frauds of mod ern Christianity is thus being carried out It has been well said that when thieves fall out honest men will get their dues and the more the clergy and their allies quarrel over the spoils of evangelizing systemthat It will be no longer tolerated Sic em Freethought In Turkey Well well Wonders will never cease Mohammedan to the core and conspicu longbeenprogress and development True Christianity cannot be charged up with the offenses committed in the name of Mohammed but the point we wish to make Is that Mohammedanism like Chris tianity Is tt form of superstition and equally j b p9s01 6c Q MI 1S1itR c BLUR GRASS BLADER r destructive of the best Interests of human Ity Further It Is religion and as much so as the Christian system Again with all the atrocities accredited to the Turkish empire It cannot and does not exceed the butcheries and horrors committed In the name of Christ But to the point In Issue Munji Bey the ConsulGeneral of Turkey Is now In New York He Is represented as a man of great force and character which he must be to be able to hold up Turkeys end In the United States considering the attitude of Christian Europe towards the Moslem countries Munjl Bey has also given an Interview upon the conditions In his country which appeared In the Now York World In Its Issue of August One statement In that Interview Impressed us deeply He said For my part although I was born of manIThere are thousands In Turkey who think alone the same lines that I do Accepting this as being true we can understand the strength of the reform movement In Turkey At the same time Russia remains deeply and sincerely Christian Place Russia and Turkey side by side cast up their separate accounts and which is the most degraded the most brntal the most debasing and hurtful to the racei Here are two phases of ligion Bach may bo known by a different name but in spirit and purpose they are essentially one and the same Born of Mohammedan parents but now a Free thinker Those are startling words to utter In a presumably Christian country Perceiving the hollowness the hypocrisy and shams that permeated the Mohamme dan faith and by experience obtaining an insight into the same sins that beset the Christian faith this eminent Turk instead of following the course that has been made so popular by Christians of rejecting his own faith and accepting the Christian superstition he throws all to the winds rejects Christianity as well as Mohammedanism and declares himself to bea Free thinker To this growing sentiment of Freethought in Turkey the CounselGeneral attributes its humanizing tendency Basing his hopes and expectations upon the thousands In i Turkey who believe as he does concerning religion he predicts a successful and brll llnat future for his native country and the facts of history offer sufficient justification for his prognostications Once the beneficent light of Freethought is permit ted to enter into the minds of men they become more human in thought more human in conduct and every effort is expended for material improvement instead of seeking to encourage people to wait for a happi ness hereafter which they by right ought to enjoy here Present conditions as re ported in Turkey suggest that ho is cor rect The granting of a constitution by the Sultan the abolition of many Moham Increasingto women point to the truth of what this a Turkish official has said Fearing that ho might be misunderstood misinterpreted and misrepresented It is said that he expressed the wish that In the publication of the interview he had given the statement would be made that the new constitution was not built upon the moral or religious ethics of the Koran + JlLrj 41 iI1 Il as Christians seek to do regarding their bible bub that it was constructed upon the known vital interests of the country and he further insisted that religion will shave nothing to do with the future admin istration of the law in Turkey This is exceptionally cheering news and we might express the wish that the day the hour will soon come when similar ditions will prevail in all socalled Christian countries Strange Conduct of Three Pastors Who Vacate Pulpits The abovq Is a headline taken from the St Louis PostDispatch of August appearing over a series of short news items relating to the clergy and their significant that a large dally news paper considers it sufficiently Important to chronicle such matters but it Is also In dicative of the absolute indifference of the public press concerning the clergy as a professional religious class Upon reading over the Items thus given we find that reference is made to Rev Arthur Gee of the Arlington Street Baptist church at Akron Ohio who jumped down and out from his pulpit refusing longer to preach salvation without price because he objected to preaching for any sect that advanced its cause through the medium of a creed It must also be observed that Rev Gee did not insist upon more money being given him or complain that he did not get what was due him but objects to the paying of salaries to preachers by any church and denounces the salary sys tem as a curse The bible teaches that is the New Tes tament portion that the sincere Christian should give to every man who asketh of thee but Rev H S Morrison pastor of the First Avenue Presbyterian church at Kvansvllle Ind does not believe in follow ing scriptural precepts The reports say that he was approached by two beggars on the streets of the city named and was asked for alms Instead of responding in the fear of the lord he caused them to bo arrested for street begging and hauled before the police court where they were each fined and costs Christian charity is a dangerous article at best but the sample shown in this case is entitled to the blue ribbon And a preacher too Under the same heading the information is given that Mayor FG Chapman of Chester W Va Imposed a fine of 15 and costs with a jail sentence of five days against Rev OC Severs of the same city who heads a religious denomination known as the Mission Saints The charge made against him was for boisterous and riotous conduct and making wanton attacks upon the members of other denominations He had further denounced the officials of the city as being corrupt and dishonest and the Mayor with the authority vested in him proceeded as stated Although the Blade does not approve of such methods being adopted in any effort to restrain the constitutional right of free speech yet the incident useful ns showing that even preachers must conform to the rules of decorum and right In their public utter ances The growing humanity of the people and their consequent indifference towards re ligion in general and the church formulas in particular has caused afich a shaking up of the dry bones of the decadent ortho jl i r l t A i itdoxy as may never be witnessed again by many now living unless the curtain Is rung down sooner than we anticipate Every dally newspaper of any consider able importance in the civilized world is devoting columns of news space and col umns of editorial space to information and comment concerning the number of con gresses and conventions held being held and yet to be held in the name of some form of or phase of orthodox belief and these publications if read must convince every Intelligent mind that there is serious cause for such proceedings i Never since the advent of Darwinism has i the church got such a jolt To combat the increasing hostility and opposition we have JbethChurch of England is receiving a sort of overhauling and rejuvenation to meet the pressure of the times and pope of Rome Is preparing for a eucharistic congress to b l i aAbbey1whenwill be Indulged In to attract attention and lead the people to accept a belief In the meek and lowly Nazarene gatherlagsa divine institution founded by divinity protected by divinity and for divine purposes If change and revision is aimed at what audacity to correct and revise divine guidance Besides would not correction and revision suggest previous errors and upontheconfession concerning its human origin Its human construction and points to the one purpose sought It is simply to acquire bringingconceptions Instead of bringing humanity up to socalled divine pretensions In other words It is a lowering of the standard set gaintoceremony is for the great glory of god and the subjection of the masses Could the masses only be brought to a realization of this great and important fact these gresses would never be repeated In the end it is but a scheme of the clergy to provide ways and means for a preservation of their occupation for they must realize upthem Silk Dresses Given Away An opportunity of a life time for women who love good clotbesZHigh School girls call obtain their grad uation dresses without cost working girls and married women may secure fine fall or summer dresses Largo list of patterns to select from Bona fide offer no fraud no grafting or disagreeable duties to perform For full particulars send name address and a twocent postage stamp to EDSSHEAGREEN 247 Ave MINNEAPOLIS i MINNESOTAI rtIf i 1 i iS BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N KyPOSUBSCRIPTION RATES By advanceFiveFive trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 600 one year 800 Quarter column single insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 iHalt column whole column or larger advertisements at special upon applicationfThe publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up in advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this once giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at 126118 North stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky CORRESPONDENCESOHPOLt Some of the students enrolled in the Correspondence School have not yet procured their textbooks This should be done at once The total cost of the four books comes to 539 which includes postage on one and express charges on the other threeIf students desire to order the books through our office we will do so provided they send the above amount to us or we can have all sent to them C 0 D except the book on Zoology which will be sent through the mail postage prepaid The books on Geology Astronomy and Botany arc sent by the Macmillan Company of Chicago These can be sent by express O O D The book on Zoology is sent by the American Book Company of Cincinnati This is sent by mail and of course must be prepaid The cost of the first three is 328 plus express charges which will amount to an average of 50 cents according to distance and the cost of the latter one is 144 plus 17cents postage making a total for the three of 378 for the last one of 161 or a combined total of 539 We are now getting our mailing list in shape for the distribution of the examination lessons and questions i v j t1 1 J Jnlr These will bo in the hands of all students who have paid tuition fees before the first day of September The scholarship certificate will be mailed immediately upon the payment of the jlO tuition fee During the past week three more students have been enrolled and we are satisfied that once the beneficent and educative results can IK shown the number of pupils will constantly increase Secure the books if you have not already got them and be in readiness when the school opens In less than two weeks the work will be under way FR E THOUGHT PROPAGANDA During the process of advocating the principles of Free thought opportunities are brought before the editors of our papers periodicals ahd magazines for observing what constitutes some of the most pressing needs to keep it at a point of growth and successful strength Principal among the needs that suggests itself from multiplied experiences is an emergency fund with which to provide a large and increasing number of aged and indigent Freethinkers with the current Freethought liter tire and wo have enough Freethinkers in this land to provide such a fund which could be drawn upon in the case of actual necessity Fraternal bodies furnish homes for their aged and indigent brethren for the widows and orphans of their de ceased brothers and in this they accomplish a work of real allFreethinkersa liberal fraternity with all mankind- In the course of the past few months a number of letters have been received by the Blade from aged Freethinkers who having given their lives to an open advocacy of our cause SAuTered the contumely of their orthodox neighbors and reduced to poverty in their declining years are unable 1andtheyto avoid the accumulation of liabilities which they are unable to meet Not wishing to make any boast of gen erosity the Blade can truthfully say that in no instance has it stopped sending the paper for such reasons but indifferent as to what come of it the paper has been kept going and will bo kept going whether we get pay forit ornot Of course under such conditions we have assumed all the burden all the cost and expense With a large number of suchcases on our hands the burden is getting to be heavier This could be better borne by the many and with less inconvenience than by allowing it to fall upon the should ers of one- What can be done That is the question Suppose we have an emergency fund made up of volun fury contributions from time to time When renewing it wouldnot be a difficult matter to add an extra 50 cents to be applied to such a fund All such donations to be rfsR X4aR J r BLUE GRASS BLADE l 7l acknowledged in a separate column This will show the contributors just how much is subscribed Then when such a case as we have described is brought before us the subscription could be paid for out of this fund and the Blade kept going without any dread or fear of a debt which cannot be met and paid Such a fund would relieve the Blado of a great strain and act as a sort of reward for faithful service We wishour friends to peruse the following letter which is but a sample of nearly one hundred we receive in the course ofa year and having read it express their opinions upon the necessity of such a fund as that wo here suggest I regret that I am not able to keep the Blade Mr isa veteran of the rebellion He is notable to work on account of his heart His pension of 15 per month our only income and rent to pay Gladly would I give a fortune if I had it to help break down superstition It has ruined my home I worked at days work anything to earn an honest dollar to educate feed and clothe my four tchildren The oldest was drowned twentyone years ago A church member came to me with Now has gone to hell you better get religion beforo you go I told her and others what I thought I did not intend to say this but you will know how I feel I could write all day on- this subject I enclose 5 cents for the papers so far this month Name and address omitted for personal reasons t FREEDOM OF SPEECH The Blade docs not approve of wilfully and intentionally placing ones head in the lions mouth nor does it advocate a policy of peace at any price Where individual rights are denied when law and constitution are ruthlessly violated by corrupt officials it is ready to raise its voice in protest but it would eternally advise against deliberately seeking to stir up strife forth mere purpose of obtaining notoriety In the advocacy J ofa given cause it isa wise policy that will cause action after due deliberation and discrimination Neither have public officials any right to discriminate against any class of citizens in seeking to enforce the laws and winking the l other eye when another and different class of citizens openly violate it These thoughts are wrought by the fact that in the city of Los Angeles four splendid women of liberaland advanced thought have accepted incarceration in the city jail as ii means of defending their rights under the law It is made to appear that the city authorities had readily and freely granted permission to innumerable religious bodies to conduct public meetings on tho streets during hours when business was at its height and in places where business transactions aro more numerous Later these women moved by the imprisonment of some of their brethren applied for and were refused tho privilege of I f Ji4 4 i holding street meetings whereat to advocate Socialism and ti freedom of thought but in spite of denials and refusals they held the meetings after serving notice to that effect upon the authorities were promptly arrested thrown intohjail and ordered to be held there for more than THREE lMONTHS awaiting trial Now jail squads aro being organized under the Socialist leaders to be composed of men and women who are willing to suffer the same penalty tiin an effort to convince the authorities of their grevious mistake by filling the jail to overflowing with martyrs to the cause of the right to free public speech V The constitution and laws of most of the States and rs r jCnliforniat son accused of an offense shall be entitled to a speedy trial Jt These women were lodged in jail on the 7th day of July and tho magistrate before whom they were taken evidently a tool in the hands of their enemies set their cases for trial between October 10 and 30 more than three months after their arrest and the charge being made against them Iteis said that the judges intend to be on a vacation during ulyand August and that this is one reason why the trials are deferred to such a late date We do not doubt that the laws of California are similar to the laws of other States and provide that when for any reason the judge of a given court is unable to act then tho judge of another court of equal jurisdiction shall be authorized to try tho case in the event of necessity But even this is denied to these California women and Los Angeles goes on record as y being unjust tyrannical scheming plotting and revenge ful in its attitude toward those with whom the officials do not agree In other words these women are denied their riglit to a speedy trial They are practically deprived of their freedom without due process of law Although they are made martyrs they are willing martyrs andwill bo satisfied if by their term in jail tleycan win freedom of public speech for their brothers and sisters This is a blot on the escutcheon of American liberty It is trampling the Constitution in the dust It is enough to make the eagle shed its feathers deprive itself of its plumage and hide its head in shame It is a disgrace to civilization It is an insult to intelligence Let us express V tho hope that some goodwill come from such a proceeding fi or else will the heroic martyrdom of theso women have been in vain With it all the women do not appear to be depressed They bear their punishment with bravery and fortitude Since being in jail they have issued cards of invitation which should inflict humility and chagrin upon their persecutors Tho greater the absurdity in religion tho more faith is required for its acceptance the greater the faith tho nearer heaven Why not pronounce tho whole system a mon stroua absurdity mind bo done with it hil 1 5iJ5 ri 7 lO BBUEJR ASS BLAD C RELIGION AND POPULATION j f One of the necessary outgrowths of grinding poverty among the masses has been a tendency to restrict the population Aside from individual effort in this direction institu tions have been formed for the promulgation of a scientific method to limit the growth of population as a means of decreasing the demand constantly being made upon the means of subsistence A brutal competitive system is largely responsible for the conditions thus obtaining but in the end the church must shoulder a large share of this responsibility in that it has been ever a faithful and con stant ally of predatory wealth fostering and encouraging the centralization of wealth and political power to subserve its own selfish ends Unsuccessful institutions whether in religion or politics can invariably manage to invent a plausible eXcuse as being explanatory of the failure of its mission S6it is with the church Failing to grasp the true science of human society and development it bas gone the wrong 1 way and must under the law of adequate compensation t in nature suffer the consequence of its acts France probably offers the most acute phase of this t decline in population In certain sections of American asocial life similar conditions prevail It has been made a matter of public comment that in New York City where the fabulously rich dwell the laugh or the cry of a little child is seldom heard On the other hand in the tenement districts there may be found an abundance of children But what is the cause of all this lilany eminent writers insist that reproduction is only limited in cases where prospec tive parents incline to a life of personal ease comfort and fine adornment Such do not care to be burdened with the rearing and training of offspring On the other hand church writers now maintain that it is the effect of adis carding of Christian principles and one of them writing in the Official of Paris urges that the depopulation of France is wholly due to the deChristianizatioh The same writer argues by implication that a return to Christianity will insure an increase in the birth rate with a corresponding gain in population Did the church ever stop to think that under Christian influences nineten tbs of the human family was bornin pain agony dread and misgiving The majority of babes came into the world unwelcomed by its parents upon whom the burden and the struggle fell but priests and kings encouraged the system because every child added to those already in existence meant another tithe payer an other producer another worker upon whom both could draw for their support The increase in population even in America aside from immigration comes not from the rich but from the poor and the very conditions that now bid fair to destroy the existing systems of centralizing wealth and power must also engulf the church and in the T t4 ti y li7jbvK r further change to come the church will be carried down to total and permanent destruction in the vortex Scientifically considered the church writers have got the cart in front of the horse The deChristianization of Franco was not the work of one day It required years generations tproduce it While this was growing upon the people they were also thinking and in the reaction that took place economic as well as religious conditions were gone into As a matter of fact the people began to realize that the doctrine of being fruitful and multiplying was invented by cunning priests and rulers men who wished to control and direct the material and spiritual welfare of all the people Religious considerations cast aside the people had time to think Serious reflection upon economic questions caused a change in the attitude of the people toward the church and while depopulation and deChristianization have gone hand in hand they are concomitant effects of the same causes and do not occupy the relation to each other of cause and effect A return to Christianity would not insure anincreasein population with the present mental attitude of the French people This may be demonstrated from the rich classes of Ainjorica With but few exceptions the owners of great wealth in our own country are patrons of and attendants upon church Whether they really believe in the doctrines taught and promulgated by the church is perhaps an open question Jut in any event they profess it Then if dcChristianizatiou be the cause of depopulation in France why is there not a larger birth rate among the rich in AmericaThe truth is that religion has nothing to do with r population other than to degrade and depress it Religion has done more to reduce the population of every country in Europe than all other influences combined Similar conditions would prevail in America were theIchurch capable of exercising the same degree of but fortunately the great majority of the American people are either indifferent or openly in opposition to the church t THE STATE AS A MORAL TEACHER t It seems to be utterly impossible to get the advocates of Christian theology and biblical ethics toseparate morality from religion IiMorality has been well defined as the greatest possible happiness to the greatest possible nnmoersIThe only definition that can conscientiously bo given to religion as iti is commonly understood and accepted isIthat it implies the worship of the supernatural to the detriment of that which is natural Considering such a worship as being detrimental to ri that is natural it is not possible that it could tend to the creation and promotion of human happiness to the few much less to the greatest possible numbers Wo may r ff f f J i J F t t4 k BLuE GRASS BLADE concede however that some inferior creatures may find what they are pleased to construe as happiness in what ifliey denominate religion but it is a condition of misery after all superinduced by the doubt and dread of the future Happiness if absolute knowledge could be given or obtained concerning future bliss but torment unspeak able if assured of the only other alternative offered At a recent meeting of the National Education Association held in the city of Cleveland the speakers attending thereat and the newspaper comments made upon what was reported therefrom all point to the conclusion that none of them were able to distinguish what may be called moral teaching from religious teaching All combined appear to regard morality and religion as synonyms or one and the samcThe Interior published at Chicago dealing with this issue as emanating from the Cleveland meeting says We hope for such a change of public sentiment as will permit and encourage the reading and study of the English bible The introduction of moral teaching into the public school with the bible as at least one recognized textbook thereof would if sincerely managed not offend the proper principles of religious liberty in the slightest The right of the state to teach mjorals in the public schools wholly or partly on the basis of biblical ethics sat bottom the right of selfpreservation because moral nations live The whole trend of the quotation above made is to so combine moral with religious teaching as tomake them appear one and the same The author is unable to perceive notionhauthorizes religious instruction being given to all children in the public schools but no liberty must be accorded those r who do not want such religious instruction a onesided liberty at best The only safe course and one that will t guarantee religious liberty to all is to refuse to give any religious instruction of any character and absolutely bar I the bible from the schools altogether True indeed the method of instruction at present ob taining in our public schools is inefficient The state does not teach the wrong of a selfish act It does not teach the of an evil act Each and every state should and by fright ought to instruct all its public school children in the fundamentals of social morality leaving religion to be made a matter of personal desire The States self interest should induce it to teach that we should avoid j the commission of wrong because it is injurious if not to ourselves then to others It should also teach that we ever strive to do that which is admitted to be good be cause of the joy arising from the consciousness of a human duty done To base such moral teaching upon biblical ethics would mean to asizo the doctrine of rewards and punishraentfe as the motives for doing right and avoid ing yrong This is selfishness pure and simple and any- system of education based upon such considerations must Ile inherently falsedangerous and highly immoral Wrong deeds tend to disintegrate society Right deeds wall con solidate protect and perpetuate society The state IDIUStJr take cognizance of these sociological facts Hence for ti proper instruction concerning the right and wrong of tihuman conduct neither bible nor religion becomes at all necessary but are actual and positive stumbling blocks in proper moral instruction Reference is made to the enactment of 1787 now moreh than one hundred and twenty years ago which read Religion morality and knowledge being necessary for good government schools and the means of education shall t1 be forever maintainedrWell meant oh that day and age as far as its authors could then see but the age has outgrown the religious end of it Morality and knowledge has been is now and forever will be essential to good government but history reveals the painful fact that wherever and whenever religion had anything to do with the government untold misery followed crime flourished disease went unchecked and the race going headlong to destruction Our fore fathers of a century ago could not see quite as far as we iF are capable of seeing today Just as wo have outgrown l and discarded their fashions in dress so have we outgrown F their notions concerning religion We now know that religion is positively injurious arid in the certain light 7rifi of history guided by a desire to steer clear of entangling l1alliances between education and religion the Blade proposes to wage an unrelentless crusade against any rind all religious instruction in our public schools no matter in what guise its advocates may seek to offer it s Slight changes have been made in the form of the proI r gram for the convention of tho Materialist Association ateCan- alDover Ohio September 7 and 8 A glance at the revision made will show the list of speakers booked for the occasion and as all will be in attendance upon the convention of the Buckeye Secular Union the indications point to a big revival of Freethought in the Buckeye State We need similar conventions in other States Why not make an effort to get up one If not this year go after it next year Owing to a congestion of type caused by a series of articles longer than usual a number of letters from our friends had to be ommitted from our last issue The letters were put into type but had to lay over They will all be printed in due time The Blade is pleased to receive arid publish these letters as they show to other Freethinkers who can bo counted in the army of progress Full and complete reports of the conventions at Canal Dover will be published in the Blade Extra copies of these issues will be printed for distribution ani if you want others to know what Freethinkers are doing orders fore extra copies should ibe sent in at oncey Ii I 12 l 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE j tRally Round the Flag Freethought Banners Will Proudly Wave at the Canal Dover Conventions and Some Reasons Why You i Should Be There By Dr J B Wilson BuckeyeSecularAssociation at Canal Dover on September especlaUybymoreImportanceLiberals as a rule cannot afford to travel at great distances consequently no very j otherStatesrequiredisbedrawnEach State can however maintain a good States have likewise established a practi foundationorganizationwsons national organizations which started have failed Jealousy selfishness inca pacity and illiberality are a few of those reasons but the expense of travel was also r givesdignityimportanceismake Now it seems to me that liberals ought theirStates maketheoccasion and save and prepare for it When experiencedthe wanttonaturally fond uof each other Owing to lUnHJCUlIOn OUtspoKen Liberals have bystrongerple But it is not only unfortunate butsad that we who know each other well by means of the press and correspondence and who appreciate each other never meet to clasp each others hands and feel thatsympathy that can only come by social contact BuckeyeSecular Doveriswho makes the finest trotting sulky in the world Brother Toomey treks with dead ofhorsefleshgreatdriverToomeywillFreethoughtandplace at the home of one of the Unions membersThe in beeninotarypublic of Dennison Ohio and the k secretary Miss Lou Lawrence and others not so well known to Blade readers Here parlorsopera house For the faithful work of these tireless few too much credit cannot be given Whlla we in the cities who pretend to be somebody in particular have been idling and windjamming these per sistent workers up in the woods have fected an organization which has attracted attention to themselves I believe it is uptobeen as tardy as myself will follow suit ofHelenofOhioties Lou Lawrence is too young to be classed as above but she is a brilliant woman and a grand worker all the same theMariettabe the finest Liberal meeting he had ever attended hTe prospects are bright for a everYbodyturnThree of our finest orators will be there DrTeralism T J Wyscarver of Cincinnati once famous as a platform lecturer and logiceloquencesurely be worth coming to hear Then there will be Eliza Mowry Bliven endearedWettstelnHeand I think Ill give him a good cussln when Ivdo meet him I have been reading andinvariablyhopins down as fast an I can set them up ChristianDoctrinesCriticism and Rebuke By T S Givan Concluded from last week andCleopasknew him not for many hours finally recog sightLuloIt Was the Same Body Behold my myselfhandleflesh and bones as ye see me have HisBodyThecame together unto Pilate saying Sir we hewasthesepuchre J I am an Iminortalist I want and to live again tl is to us more to live again It is no more this world is so beautiful and hopeIso much yet to be known that I dont to be snuffed out In my opinion will show neither good sense nor taste in dumping mti or any other progressive creature into nothingness with Plato I am inclined to say It 130Ibe so else why this pleasing hope fond desire this longing after immortality Besides my affections govern me consid erably Well it has always so happened that pleasinghope thatknockssilly and many a time Ive gotten so riled that I have said to myself Damn that Dutchman And if he dont look too for whatIvemost vexing about him is that he wont leave a fellow a single argument I have either got to dump Agnosticism or quit reading him wearylengthshort appeal for attendance at the Union I will close by saying that I am Informed MournersBench haveknownwho have not had enough of Liberal en thusiasm and State pride to join it and thebackslidden helpandaliveLiberalOhio Let us expand and grow until Lib eral eyes all over the country will be ofPresidents theUnionshould be greatest in Freethought the very heart and soul of IMberlalism Let Ua make her so The Resurrection Myth I ry lest his disciples come by night and steal isrisentheEodyWhenbled with the elders and had taken counsel soldiersby night and stole him away while wo slept They took the money and did as we taught them and this saying is com monly reported among the Jews until this dayJesus Had Come Forth Some of the saidAnsepulchre and Jesus had come forth Soldiers Took Away the BodYBut An sayingWhy tellingusfrom the door of the sepulchre Per- hapsALL i BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 his own disciples told them this and gave I them money that they should say so and they the soldiers themselves took away the body of Jesus Besides consider this l they also took a large sum of us and l clared according to the Instructions which r we gave them Ap New Testament Nlcodeumus x 2S30 Remembered What They Never Knew Why seek ye the living among the dead Remember how ho spake unto you saying The son of man must be crucified and the third day rise again And they remem bered his wordsLuke 24 For as yet they know not the scripture that he must rise ngaln from the dead John The Dead Jesus ae Host at a Fish Fry After these things Jesus shewed himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tiber ias and on this wise Simon Peter salth unto them I go a fishing They say unto him Wo also go with thee They went forth and entered Into a ship immediately and that night they caught nothing But when the morning was come Jesus stood on the shore but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus Then Jesus saith unto 4 them Children have ye any meat They answered him No And he said unto them Cast the net on the right side of J the ship and ye shall find They cast and were not able to draw It for the multi tude of fishes As soon then as they were come to land they saw a fire of coals there and fish laid thereon ana bread Jesus saith unto them Bring of the fish which ye have now caught Simon Peter went up and drew the net to land full of great fishes an hundred and fifty and three and for all there were so many yet was not the net broken Jesus salth unto them Come and dine And none of the disciples durst ask him Who art thou knowing that it was the lord Jesus then cometh and taketh bread and glveth them and fish likewise This is now the third time that Jesus shewed himself to his disciples after that he was risen from the dead And there are also many other things which Jesus did the which if they should be written every one I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written AmenJolin Who Told That Ho Was Resurrected The angel Matt 28 a young man Mark 16 two men Luke 24 two angels John The earliest Christians were absolutely certain that the body of Jesus after then resurrection was the same body of Jesus as they had known beforeRev R J Campbell In The New Theology Had it been the same body his close friends would have known him Mary saw him and talked with him but thought he was a gardener and Simon arid Cleopas walked and talked with him and did not know him because he had not the same t body but was In another form and IShed out of sight Paul says I delivered t 1to you what I received How Jesus died for us was burled rose again was seen of Cleopas of the twelve of above at once of James all the apostles and me This was the tale as told by Paul but he tells you that he did not see Jesus at all He only saw a light and heard a voice but saw no mnnActs 9 and vig orously asserts that it was not the same body Thou fool it is sown a natural body it is raised a spiritual body Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of god Not a solitary witness said ho or she 1ttlIii y even believed they had seen the same body much less than being absolutely cer tain of it One who claims to have been an eyewitness to the crucifixion claims that he helped to carry Jesus from the cross that he was not dead was reviveu and died years later near the Dead Sea It is no more difficult to believe In the reanimation of a physical body the resur rection of a thoroughly dead human body than In any other fact of consciousness R J Campbell In The New Theology- It is decldely more difficult to believe In that which Is contrary to the order and operations of universal nature unobserved and unknown in all human experience and utterly Inconceivable to human intelligence than that which you have actually seen and touched and known by human con sciousness as real facts The latter com pels belief the former suggests doubt But this Is as much space as we can devote to these contradictory and pre posterous statements It is thoroughly clear to every unfettered Intelligent mind that there Is not one iota of truth In the wholQ matter contended for and that Jesus did not die for us nor save us as they assert for we have to die and to save ourselves from whatever w0 can or should be saved just the same as if he had neither lived nor died Christianity therefore stands alone upon these admitted fraudulent assertionsthat Jesus after having been dead three days arose again In the same body that had been mutilated upon the cross and coagu lated In death absolute and actual death and in that same body rejoined his friends showed them the wounds the flesh and bones to assure them it was the same body went about eating and acting as other men entertained his friends at a famous fish fry making the fire btolllne the fish breaking tho bread and in the sane body went to heaven sat down there sltteth and will continue to sit until the last day Not only Is this impossible of being true as demonstrated by the order and opera tions of universal nature for thousands of years without a single variation favorable to these tales every Instance everywhere and at all times proving them utterly false but their authors have declared them untrue and have given their reasons for Inventing them Upon this Count Tolstoi the world saysReligiongoodness the church falsehood and evil I tell you frankly I cannot agree with those who be lieve the church is an organization Indis pensable to religion The church has ever been a cruel and lying institution which in seeking for temporal advantages has perverted and distorted the true Christian doctrines Christianity has ever been simply a pretext for the church which is but an organized trust for exploitation I may be told that there have been and still are in tho Catholic world men and women of holy life but I answer that these sainted lives are not due to the church but rather In spite of the church These men organized the most powerful and the most tyrannous trust Over known upon earth It made the highest claims to honesty of being the solo owner of the best and most needed things of all wellbeing and pretended alone to do good Never theless the only good over wrought Ifl its name was by Its deceived victims who f t ij t S were good before becoming members and who continued to do good as best they could under and in spite of its fettering and blighting conditions It assumed to be helpful and merciful and cloaked its hid eous and hellish designs with the beautiful handiwork and graces of religion It was a conspiracy of bad men to become royal princes and regal rulers at all hazards by the sweetest of words or the deadliest strokes of the sword They arrayed them selves In the graces of heaven as hlgn priests of tho most high god pretending to control gods mercy and loving favor In order to Inaugurate this trust like tho libertine allures his trusting victim It commercialized the holiest sentiments of the human heart everything desirable In life and assumed and asserted that All mankind are under the wrath and curse of god predestined to hell with no possible escape therefrom except alone up on its terms It is the sole owner of salvation It alone can grant the right of marriage There Is neither decency purity marriage lawful children or possible human salva tion except alone upon Its terms It can annul all governments depose kings and utterly destroy all rulers and peoples who may not comply with its de mandsIt denies you the right of private judgment in love and religion makes you acknowledge its supreme authority over you and your unborn children confess to It the most cherished thoughts of your life and gives you nothing else for your heaven given rights and hardearned money but1 lurid lies or bloody blows Its every car dinal claim Is a palpable provable false hood and its teachings are from the most flagrant fund shocking to most alluring and fragrant of all human lies In order to have this trust absolutely effective among all Ignorant and Intelligent they formulat ed a plan of salvatlona tale which you must believe or be damned and purposely made that tale so false that Intelli gent beings could not believe It so they could have them convicted of heresy killed and their property confiscated It has ouled the world with Its lies and crimes and excelled all other evils in causing ig norance destitution wars and death hav ing put to death more than five hundred millions of human beings to gain and en force its supremacy All of these are grave accusations but I say to you in the interest of the count less helpless little children of the world and the good men and women ot all lands that every one Is susceptible to clear proof to all intelligent minds and that something ought to be done toward teach ing the plain clear sweet truth of right living instead of these terrifying false hoods I challenge the reasonable refuta tion of a single statement I have herein made It forces from its own best servitors exorbitant tributes from the cradle to the grave and Its grimy and goullsh hands have desecrated even the graves and cast out thousands of beloved human bones from their sacred and silent burial places solely because more money was not given to its sordid hoardings for more power If these people could be Induced to be come teachers of truth and kindliness how much better and brighter the world would bo JilJ r14 BLUE GRASS BLADE h N N H N H H N H H RH H N H N NHH H H H y y ICb Blades Correspondence i N H YTTTTTTTTTTT TT Patches for the Mind DELHI N yihave received a few sample copies of your valuable paper You will find enclosed the material to put me ahead ono year on your list of subscribers It Is good to know there are people like- N F Griswold who are willing to give of their means to keep up the Freethought movement And for myself I never have had the opportunity to do for a good true cause like Air Griswold and others but will send my little even at the expense of a few more patches to my clothes In cidentally adding some more sound patches to my mind But as a rule we find patch work does not appeal to popular taste and far less does it appeal to that class of in dividuals who display their worn and tat tered minds to their sympathizers holding out their divine 1 hands for cnarltys sake to keep fine clothes on their bodies while they make ragged minds for our chil dren incidentally demanding and getting government protection for their wealth giv ing nothing in return for that protection and through their paid advocates wreak their petty vengeance on all of those who question the truth and Justness of their claims And while we continue to add more sound patches to our minds we know by experience that those who are devising ways to give nothing for something will try to add more patches to our clothes WARREN S DEAN Well Pleased With the Blade MANCHESTER N HThrough the courtesy of that stalwart humanitarian Franklin H Heald of Los Angeles Cal we have been prlvillged to peruse a few copies of your very interesting paper You can count on a subscription from us as long as we can furnish the long green to pay therefor I am glad to notlcs your call for speakers at funerals of Freethinkers The lying swash of skypilots as the last tribute of respect ought to be abol ished It is altogether out of place and I deny the moral right of the living to thus Insult the corpses of our Freethinking friends It is the meanest and most cowardly of all dastardly acts on the part of the living to take such vile advantage of persons after they are dead and I am loth to believe that any selfrespecting preacher would occupy such a position You may place my name on the list as one willing to conduct Rationalistic services on funeral occasions for Freethinkers Terms expenses and entertainment Would gladly pay these myself If Justice to family would warrant ItJOHN P THORNDYKE Healds Loss la Our Gain CHICAGO ILLI was sorry to learn of perhapsgain and as long as Its in the family the Freethinkers we can congratulate our t selves that Its not any worse for tho cause Brother Heald has been a valiant fighter JfJ i ti He Is not a dead one yet and Im glad we are to hear from him occasionally in the columns of the Blade I have forgotten how long I was paid up to with Higher Science so Ill thank you to Inform me by enclosed envelope Also please change my address While passing I want to congratulate you upon the great improvement in the Blade all round It seems to me to be broader in its views and more tolerant of those who differ from it In the great phases of Freethought On economics It seems to be about right Kidders Reply to the Unquiet Hosts should be put into a little pamphlet small enough to go into a letter If you conclude to make a leaflet of It you may send me 100 copies with bill lam glad to see that Mrs Henry and Mrs CIosz are still on your staff of writers There are none better In the world Mrs Henrys little Journey to the home of Mrs Closz which appeared in the Blade is a classic and I value it very highly Let the good work proceed Wishing you all success I am cordially yours GEORGE B WHEELER A Splendid Suggestion MUNCIE INDI enclose 100 for tinuance of the blade I also enclose 100 for nondescript friend Dr William Smith to whom you will also continue to send the Blade I am looking forward to the 5th and 6th of September in high hopes of grasping the hand of a large number of free men and free women in Canal Dover If the friends of the Blade will do their duty the circulation ought to reach at least twenty thousand during the current year and as soliciting new subscribers costs but little time and no money I sincerely hope that every friend of the Blade will secure at least twenty new subscribers before the close of the present yearT J BOWLES M D From an Old WheelHorse KANSAS CITYI enclose 160 for newal Take about all the Freethought publications and sometimes I have time to read them and sometimes I have not I very much like the tone of the Blade since Charlesworth took hold and deals out those sledgehammer blows on the pates of th- edd clergy and the sancltified idiots Am on the the road most of tho time contract Ing for the company I have beer with for some years and it is to be deplored what a crowd of dd fools this country is popu later with I like the Appeal to Reason for a straight out economic paper They surely show up the gang of cutthroats thieves and scoundrels who have the body 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keep from buy ing Sell as low as per acre Athens O H S LARCH M D Recently Greatly Enlarged and Improved Humanitarian Review Singleton W Davis Editor and Publisher No 854 E 54th St Los Angeles Cal Price 100 a year single copy 10c The Humanitarian Review Is a magazine devoted to the study of Psychology Com parative Religion the mythical Character of the Bible and the mythical origin of Christianity Ethical Culture Secularism In the Public Schools and all departments of Government National State and Munlci1 pal Liberalism in Religion and espyto Constructive Concrete b Practical Organized and Aggressive Propagandist of Truth as Revealed by Modern Science The Review labors for the emancipation of the human mind from the debasing thralldom of Superstition Supernaturallsm and Mysticism and for the upbuilding of an enlightened ethicosclentlflo life ItIs radical without being rabid and aims to refute the errors of men byreason rather than ridicule or acrimonious disputation It stands for Virtue 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ud uc a 11b4 Ptpld rsbt ItNIr = u AIb4Cllx411IWdt op WheijH 155ior i Freethought Funerals i THE HOUR OF GREAT NEED Following Is a list of the names and ad dresses of Liberal speakers who are pre pared to conduct funeral services over the remains of deceased Freethinkers On account of probable delay It would bo advlslble to call them by telegram Josephine K Henry Versailles Ky Dr J BWllsbn 206 East Fourth Street Cincinnati Ohio Parker H Sercombe Editor Tomorrow 139 East 5Ctl Street Chicago Ill John R Charlesworth Lexington Ky Marlon W Marley Bucklin Kan A J Clausen St Ansgar Iowa John P Thorndyke 441 Central Street Manchester N H No Beginning By William H Maple THE IDENITY OF GOD WITH TURE DEMONSTRATED The only book of Its kind In existence Neat cloth binding 183 pagos two striking Illustrations 75 cents paper binding cents postpaid INGERSOLL BEACON 10- r 71 LA SALLE ST CHICAGO