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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 30, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908083001 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 30, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Vv Volume XVII Number 19 LEXINGTOlfeKY ATJGUST 36 1908 Published Weekly DEVOTED TO THE PKOPAGNfoA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT II 1 1IIt J0 IN PECK Ilffta Pi i ji = L 2BLUEGRASSiBLADE7 TTV f THE VILLAGE BLACKSMITH John Peck When the mind reverts backward to earlier pages In lifes great history former customs and sentiments must ofa neces sity be associated therewith We of this day enjoy freedom simply by Inheritance Religious bigotry like political tyranny would be just as severe In its mental and physical penalties as it was years ago save for the labor and suffering of those who lived In an earlier age The progress of the present is built upon the labor of the past Those condemned in one age for opinions sake are commended in the next We have all read about the Village Blacksmith and varying ideas will be created thereby Whenever we see the name our mind invariably reverts to John Peck for years ono 9f the most attractive Freethought writers In America known far and wide among Freethinkers He Was the village black smith and while his personality may not have Inspired the famous poem by that name yet In the history of Freethought in America his name will reach that degree of fame accorded to the poetry we have mentioned John Peck was born near the village of Ovid In Seneca County New York State November 19 1819 Ho met with and perienced all the dangers incident to rural life existing during that period The Republic was in its Infancy Its police power was largely dependent upon military effort and but small pro tection could be afforded to those inhabitants of the outposts While a mere boy his father moved to the edge of Canandalgua Lake where he had acquired a tract of land and upon and about the waters of this historic spot young Peck grew to young man hood Fishing and boating hunting in the forests startling the wild deer and then watching the eagle in its majestic flight monarch of the air Alleys old swimming hole afforded no greater charm for the boys in its vicinity than did the waters of that great lake for John Peck He delighted to tell how he could stand and watch the fury of the elements when the storm broke over the lake and then when It subsided he was In a boat exploring Its surface That moment brought a superior charm to his mind for above all else he was a child of nature He loved the conflict and he loved the calm that followed in Its wake Natural things appealed to him and he grew to disregard the supernatural His value to Freethought can thus be Judged by those who may come after him Until nineteen years of age his life was spent on a farm At that age he went to Penn Yon New York there to learn the smithing trade to which he had taken an especialy fancy and I In his spare moments he attended the village school to inciden tally improve his educational opportunities along with his attempt to master a mechanical trade His education came faster than his acquisition of a trade and the next thing we find him doing is teaching school This he followed for some years and still h iI s bent upon personal Improvement he took up the study of astron omy This fascinated him He began to deliver lectures on the subject The vast and ponderous machinery of nature moved him as naught else could He applied his knowledge to the theology of his day and with sledge hammer blows he sougut to shatter the myths and superstitions with which he was sur rounded He tried to impress others as he had been Impressed and being satisfied that too much of myth fable and absurdity were mixed up with the religious worship he came in contact with he strove at every point to focus a new light through the dense clouds of religious bigotry and orthodox ignorance It was an unthankful task In those days The American people had not yet reached that stage of Indifference to theology that marks our own Practically every man woman and child In the country were then members of some church They believed without investigation John Peck investigated for himself and he could no longer believe The pious took pains to denounce him but ho kept manfully on until he rejoiced in witnessing- a more rapid and substantial growth of the very ideas he had so industriously promulgated Among his own writings appears a statement which is to the effect that he was like some fabled Irishman who was never at peace unless in a fight but his conflicts were mental and he won Later In life he made the acquaintance of the illustrious D M Bennett A firm friendship sprang up between them John Peck began to write for the Freethought press and his works found ready publication in Bennetts paper In this way was the name of John Peck circulated throughout the country until today it is known In every State In the American Union writingsweremoments from other things Beginningwith about 1840 John Peck took prominent part in the agitation which now began to appear against slavery He looked upon the system as a gigantic evil He kept up the agitation as best ho could where an opportunity occurred At last came the conflict and when the war was over slavery no longer in the land ho turned his attention to the liquor question and worked for the abolition of rum Political and financial reform but a reform that meant improvement found m him a constant and faithful ally As he loved to stand and watch the battle of the elements as a boy so as a man he sought t out the most vulnerable points in the armor of the foes of mental liberty and human happiness and ho shivered hard blows upon ffhem The life and career of John Peck speaks for itself Thousands of American Freethinkers have known of him but to admire him J if Ib 0100=J Owl W0WWQWWMWWMw1 t1 BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 StrikingiThe Rise of Popedom Ethical Status of the Different popes Church Falls on Wrong Side of Ledger ARTICLE By Judge Parish B Ladd The popes being the head of the church consequently the fathers of Christianity their moral status to the extent of Its bearing on the matters of Freethought and Christianity will now be In order The Catholic church claims that Peter received his credentials from Christ as the head of the church so he was the first pope but this like all of the churchs other claims is a fraud for both Christ and Peter were myths This claim rests on the Isidorian Decretals giving the history of the popes and the church from the time of the alleged Christ down to Innocent L 402 to 417 C E This pope was in fact the first who set up a claim over all the churches Before his time the different churches had each its own head who was called bishop This leaves over 400 years of a vacuum back to the alleged Peter which the church has never been able to fill other than by these forged Decretals by which she claims an unbroken line from Christ to the present time During the alleged pontificate of the myth SIrlcis 384398 first appeared what is known as the series of decretals of psudo Isldorus Thesa decretals tho church needed so she forged them and placed them in tho Vatican with her other forgeries where ever since then she has at all times when needed dug up anything and everything wanted These decretals were kept a secret until the fifteenth century when they were discovered l to be base forgeries n wso admitted by all schools Catholic and Protestant The growth of the church after Constantine was so rapid that the bishops finally acquiesced in the claim of Innocent to be the general head of the church after which he at once conceived the idea and commenced to carry It into execution of making the church the mistress of the world civil as well aa ecclesiastical Innocent soon laid his plans to sub jugate the civil powers of Europe the struggle for which will appear later on in another article leaving mo here to deal with the ethical standing of the popes but only to a limited extent Prof Draper after reviewing their lives says The biography of the popes Is infamous As they were the makers and rep resentatives of Christianity the system itself must necessarily be equally nefarious On the death of Pope PaulI Constantine became pope Stephen IV usurped his place putout the eyes of Constantine cut out the tongue of Bishop Theodorus and thrust him in a dungeon where he died The nephew of Pope Adrian seized his successor Leo III and unsuccessfully attempted to put o his eyes and cut off his tongue Stephen V was banished as a criminal Paschal I put out the eyes of two ecclesiastical enemies John VIII bought oft the Saracens a share of the plunder they divided with the bishop of Naples for his friend ship for this John excommunicated him Hero followed an ecclesiastical plot to murder John Some of the treasure of his church was seized when he died at the hands of Formosus who was made pope C E Formosus was succeeded by Boniface VI 890 although he had been driven from tho priesthood for bad conduct by Stephen VII who became pope Then i j followed the scene of taking from the grave the dead body of Formosus placing It Inan upright position going through with a trial followed by a sentence and cutting off two of his fingers This was followed by the strangulation of Stephen From 896 to 900 five popes were consecrated Leo V 904 was thrown into prison by one Christopher who usurped his place who in turn was expelled from Rome by Serglus III who by force seized the pontificate 905 Serglus adopted Theodora a prostitute with her daughters Marozla and Thepdoria both bad char acters These women kept Serglus under their control John X was also a lover of Theodora to him she gave the bishopric of Ravenna and later made him pope when after fourteen years having incurred the displeasure of Marozla she threw him into prison and then killed him Then Marozla made her own son pope as John XI Another of Marozlas sons being jealous of his brother John threw both him and Marozla into prison and shortly after this Albrics son being made pope took the title of John XII at nineteen years of age His reign became so shocking that the Emperor Otho tcalled a synod to try him On the trial it was proven that he had taken bribes for the consecration of bishops one only ten years of age John was charged with Incest wicn one of his fathers concubines and with so many other adulteries thhat the Lateran Palace had be come a brothel Nor was this all for he put out the eyes of one ecclesiastic and mutilated another both dying of their in juries Drunkenness dad gambling were also added to his crimes For these popish irregularities he was deposed and Leo VIII elected his place 963 C E but subsequently getting the upper hand he seized his antagonists cut of the hand of one the nose finger and tongue of the other Ho was finally killed by the husband whose wife he seduced Then follows John XIII who for his crimes was strangled In prison Then comes Boniface VII who Imprisoned Benedict VII and killed him by starvation here follows Pope John XIV who was put to death in the dungeon of the castle of St Angelo Then the corpse of Boniface was dragged by the populace through the streets The Emperor Otho being disgusted with the depravity of the Roman popes put Gregory V on the pon tifical throne His thunders and edicts were turned to derision by the Romans who forced him to fly the country Otho having returned to Italy seized the Antipope John XVI put out his eyes cut off his nose and tongue mounted him on the back of an ass with his face to the tall put a bladder on his head and sent him through the streets Benedict now a boy twelve years old was put on the pontifical throne Victor III one of his successors declared that Benedicts life was so shameful so disgraceful as to be without precedent The people unable longer to put up with his shameful acts among them the highest crimes rose in mass against him See ing his predicament he put up the papacy at auction and sold it to a presbyter named John who became Gregory VI Having thus shown an outline of the ethical status of Chris tianity as represented by the popes the fathers makers and representatives of tho system claimed by the present clergy as the embodiment of all purity goodness and progress I hold lineii tween Freethinkers and Christianity for the civil governments of Europe l jV I L IIkn 4t BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 Orthodox Tyrannies Creep Upon Us Indifference to Small Things Leads to Many Others but American Freethinkers Are Admonished to Be Alert By Allle Lindsay Lynch S O Aunt Allle RemusstheIfor August President JuliaWardtic as Americas national hymnand which notIthoughts best advocates be lifted to check religioustyrannythe very air to suppress free speech stoppbytyranny to permeate our schools our armies and navies everywhere In fact where the imbued tobeMine comingWith In God We Trust stamped into MarchIngmusichavInga hypnotic effect let us unitedly cry out against such desecration to Freedom in InquisitIontortures OurBrunoswe unite to protect The former Populist Presidential candi toAmericaanation which even now tends toward tue Iowa Freethinker Offers a Few Trite Sug gestions Upon Religious Issues In the Presidential Campaign By E D Nauman To the Freethinkers of the United States in particularItlike this a mans religious or nonreligious allInmatternpublic at all This is of course correct in theory and would be a fine thing if our religious friends could be made to understand it and act every Christian In office with scarcely an exception carries Intohisand does make political capital out of the religious racket during his political cam paigns Therefore no matter how much hatetoernment is founded the proposition Is producedOur thatItalawburn up the subscriptions paid for the periodicals of a political party This law willrevertInstructinterests Religious rivals rely most on repentancerecognize the fact that hymns have no place allschoolsAmerica is a great nation For this great downlifeAlas that America is now so contaminat ed as to be ruled or nearly so by that Washingtonbravelybroughttyranny Will Freethought sit silent and permit of mentatsinfluencewhothroughwas placed In the highest chair in this land ofthechlJdrenFreethoughtin all seriousness womanharmless purityandvision which Ii already made of much forced onto us and we are either compelled devilwiththeocracy out of the government tedioustoWell discussed I will reiterate here that so far as Mr Bryan concerned he would make a firstclass revivalist He says him self that ho would rather talk religion than politics or anything else I have heard platformBoth couldbepreached from the same platform with the Rev Billy Sunday and lam sorry dlfJerencebotweenions Both would believe that Jonah swal Bothbellevoetc Neither knows anything of the dis intellectualHaeckel The only difference is in the moreforceful J 17iit44 c meanlngIf downtoFreethoughtSoclaJlsm steptoward IntroduceknowIsnootherbookshistorystructlon of its myths Hymns will cease bookofletuswhich 1 have more than a year carried on UnableI womanIsmallpackages havebeencrats in Freethought ranks and by no Hqreerfather Dr Robert Greer These men asklugreader recognize my truthfulness let me say Untilnecessity admonishes I have never requested a postage stamp along with an address for further Information to be sent jGJ5The Pending Political Battle 1 WnUebaatlcian Ho has lately stated in a twochaplalnsaProtestant merit of the army for every battleship etc isamon sense so long as he is paid out of the itelectedat any rate it seems to me no Freethinker themirrorSo far as Taft is concerned it Is true thepopestatementsInzines to the effect that various pious or ganizations are trying to defeat hIm be Thisshouldway the wind blows It seems to be con ceded that ho Is a Unitarian Of two evils UisImpossibleContinued on page 13 Ii i tLl swam t j i LUF C RASS BLADE 5 j i c I 1 i Hii r tf1eOther Side Orthodox Believer Seeks Privilege of An swering Blade Writers and Takes Issue with Dr Bowles A As Snow and Others By John T Pearce Having seen three copies of the Blue- Grass Blade of which you are the editor and having read the gust Installment of A A Snow on the Christians Messiah I wish to say that If Mr or Mrs I cant shy which Snow Is a good sample In his or her Ideas of the scripture quotations as given on page of May 17 Issue I feel con fident that the rest of the article will not pass muster with persons who tako the pains to verify the writers quotation The first reference of the writer Is to Micah v2sand remains yet to be fulfilled when Christ shall return to gather his saints then he will rule over Israel and gather all the tribes now scattered among the heathen nations tho ten lost tribes par absurd Idea of connecting Jesus with Judges xlll 5 exhibits a wanton desire to belittle the truth The context plainly shows that It was Samson who was to do stroy the Philistines The birth of Samson Is announced by a heavenly messenger to the mother How you can as one supposed to point the truth permit writers for your paper to write and you publish such non sense is very puzzling Indeed The book of Micah does not lie Nor does Judges xlll refer to Jesus Christ Look for your self and see if A A Snow has not over looked Samson- A A Snow writes like one who has little care for facts which ho or she makes out to be wholly false Thomas Paine made the gross error con cerning Herod confounding two distinct Herods to be the same man Herod the Great was alive when Christ was born and died soon after when Christ was very young The writer says that both mean Ing Luke and Matthew make out that Jesus was born during Herods lifetime Surely Herod the Great had a successor named also Herod Antlpas and Josephus says of this successor that Tlbcrnlus the emperor by action of the Roman Senate made him a king over the Jews and it was this kind Herod Antlpas who caused John the Baptist to be killed and if I am not mistaken Herod Agrlppa and Pilate became friends on the day that Jesus was crucified and also the King Herod who slew James the brother of John both of whom were apostles So there were three Herods Instead of one It is preposterous for one to say that there Is a period of nine years from the birth of Christ to tho death of Herod when the taxing under Cyrenius occurred A A Snow Is a very superficial reader and I will send to you some of the scripture quotations of Mr Thomas Paine from whom A A Snow h allke thousands of others who without testing the accuracy of1lr Paines scripture quotations go blundering along through life the cham pions 1 of honest Freethought- I notice In the May 5th number the article of Dr T J Bowles who makes his attack commencing with Constantine who was the one man who gave to the apostles from the church of god known now as tho holy Roman Catholic church as well as her many daughters the power to en force church creeds and doctrines un known to the apostles and the Christians of the first second third arid fourth cen turies which brought oh the horrid wars and prosecutions which have been waged under the name of Christ the prince of peace In all fairness and without fear of contradiction I ask you to exhibit one line from Christ or his apostles that war rants any man to charge that the Christians prior to the fourth century ever persecuted a man or woman or put to death a single soul because these persons did not accept their doctrine On the contrary Jews and Gentiles prior to the fourth century persecuted and slew the disciples of Christ as enemies of mankind You will find in the New Testament abundant truth as to the peacable conduct of the disciples of Christ and there Is abundant evidence that the apostles taught the disciples of Christ to submit to the civil governments whether of kings or magistrates and to submit to every ordinance of man for the Lords sake They wore taught not to be engaged in seditions This record may be of advantage to you to know for yourself by a careful reading of tho New Testament epistles to the several churches and having discovered that the church of god of which Jesus Christ the son of god is the bead ought not to be charged with the crimes which have graced the name of Christ and in tho demnation of the religion of Jesus Ohrlst you no doubt innocently Indulge never was guilty of doing to a soul on earth at any stage of the existence of the church of god It has ever been the work of apostles be they Roman Catholic or Prot estants I am confident that when you seriously study the history of the church of god for the years previous to the advent of the monster Constantine that there Is now no cause to belittle tho religion that Christ and his apostles Instituted near two thousand years ago The first battle which the Roman Catholic church precipitated was over the birth of Christ A creed was formulated which declared that Jesus Christ was conceived by the holy ghost and born of the Virgin Mary etc The bible every where places It that a woman conceives and Mary also conceived and not the holy ghost Matthew says That which is con cowed in her is of the holy ghost and not by the holy ghost It was n miraculous birth accomplished by the Holy Ghost coin lug upon Mary and the power of the high est god overshadowing her consequently t jir ilJ + i when Matthew says of the holy ghost Imentwould be as follows Conceived by Mary and born into the world and is of the holy ghost or of divine authority from god who creates all things according to his will The fact that the creeds ascribes the conception to be by the holy ghost Instead of being of the holy ghost proves that the whole thing is wrong and should never have been thus stated I must ask your Indulgence for Inflicting upon you so long letter as I have written it not for publi cation but for your own reading- I trust that you will not be offended because or my recalling to you your severe remarks upon the woman whose husband before his death enjoyed the Blue Grass Blade informed you of the comfort he had just before going to that condition which If you are right there can be nothing be yond the death of any one What harm pray docs it do to you and your faith if the woman and her husband shall never see life beyond tho confines of the grave Tho abuse you inflict harms neither the living nor the dead if the dead rise not What harm can my faith in a life of eternal felicity awaits all those who are believers in the Lord Jesus Christ as the son god1The faith which I have in the gospel of Christ rests upon the testimony of apostles and believe it not your faith isMalso predicated on testimony but your faith belief rests upon things which no one disputes who are Christians yet you deny and refuse the testimony of Christians and accept the testimony of Infidels You could not upon your own knowledge tell either your age or who were your parents still having to rely wholly upon the testi yourbirthI to say that you do not know when you were born nor who your parents were Just because it came to you from witnesses prese-nt or told to you by your parents or those who knew them Could you go into court and prove your own birth and parentage without the aid of testimony oral or written- I do not pretend to believe in God or his son Jesus the Christ except upon the written testimony of the apostles neither j can you prove your own faith In your own pedigree except by the use of oral or writ ten testimony of witnesses It seem ridiculous for men to assail Christianity as being iI a fake and Jesus to be a myth when we 1j are all creatures of faith for all which we genuineasdifference Is not with the men but the teachings of either Infidels or Christians Both are shut up to take testimony from positionDanbury Conn 1I f 3 BLUE GRASS BLADE tt 4i 4it is+ 11 T T T T T Bible records are given another severe shaking by Investigations made In Nebras ka which throw further light on the his tory of the norse and progenitors In blbllologlsts revert to the Nile In an effort to find some papyrus or inscribed stone as tending to corroborate scripture men of science continue their explorations with a supreme indifference and some startling results are now being recorded In Sioux County Nebraska a new quarry has been opened and the fossil remains of prehistoric animals being uncovered Dr W D Mathews head of Vertebrate Pal eoritology of the American Museum of Nat ural History has just completed an examination of the relies This rich find has been made on the farm of James H Cook located in the valley of LEau Qui Court River and from the observations made It is given out that the horse has been an inhabitant of this continent for upwards of three millions of years going back into the Eocene period which is a direct chal lenge to bible chronology According to the published accounts we find that the fossil beds are in twin hills which rise side by side like pyramids Three or four years ago these two hills now regarded as so rich in fossils were practically unknown This summer was the first time the quarry was explored extensively though a party from the Carnegie Museum spent a part of last summer there Now all sides of the chalkcolored hills look like the homes of cave dwellers and It wouldnt be surprising if these twentieth century scientists have unconsciously produced scenes about these hills not un like those of a million years ago when the threetoed horse browsed all day over the neighboring grass fields Besides the expedition from the Museum of Natural History this summer there was one from Yale another from Amherst Col lege another from the Carnegie Museum and a fifth from the University Nebraska These are only a few of the more impor tant parties which delved for the prehistoric a curious fact that the Museum of Natural History has a far more complete series of skeletons of the progenitors of the horse of the Eocene period which Is fixed at some 3000000 years ago than It has of the Miocene Pliocene or Pleisto cene periods The museums of the country have practically nothing In horses of the Pliocene period and if among the collec tions just made by Dr Matthews party are several complete skeletons belonging to this period the discovery will be considered by paleontologists through the world as of the utmost Importance Bishop David H Greer who succeeds the late Bishop Potter as the head of the Episcopal church in New York rushes into the limelight on the first chance and is now out with a sensational diatribe upon unity among Protestant churches a special theory he appears to entertain but which Is not warranted by the facts r T TT T T T T T T T T T mere can be no dount that Bishop Ureer wuuiu weiuotue sucu a cnurcu union plO vided uowevtr mat union was mace uuuer me jpisuupai eutuuuru ana provided lUre tuer mat vibuup tarter was not requested to forego ins particular notions in order u cuiuuriu to One or utoer 01 tiie uou cuoiiurunui beets ciuurun union like churcn cuurity id u iiicre attain a bort ot pnau tubuiUKuna tot Beiuimeiuai preacners to uuoui but never to put into practice to me uuy n uuuu a unity snoum no agates uuurcu unity may 00 to preach about uu evincing a bocaiieu unristiau spirit uut it never gets any nearer con summation iue moment a meeting should lie called to oiacusa iue matter ant to uraw up an agreement lor union every motneru nun uaugoter m taut assemuly would strive to eujjrau his or her own notions now things secular and spiritual should disagreementmmiiars m every creed there are also all terminations and It Is the latter that give cacti convicting sect Its standing What hope can even Protestants have of a leader who will assert in these days mat Lao church Is just as availing in its spiritual power over those who not attend It as over those who der Tula is tantamount t6 saying that no matter whether you agree with the church or not the cnurcti or Its preachers acting for It are still boss of the spiritual show and will continue to rule the heavenly roost whether you like it or not Before the advent of mine auu Ingersoll in America and of bradlaugh Hoiyoake and Foote in England such a statement might have been made without challenge or controversy but the day is past when such pretensions can go without question for when its full power is sifted down to a close issue It Is as feeble as a mouse in the relentless paws of some nungry feline But coming back to church unity It Is observed that Bishop Qreer Insists that the concurrent existence of so many conflicting and opposing sects serve only to scatter the church forces and devitalize Its energy They cause a waste of vitality and of money uishop Greer has thus revealed the one actuating moving impulse of the Episcopal church In desiring unity of the sects Ignoring the fact that under Henry VIII the church that ho now represents made the first break from spiritual au thority he questions the right and justice of others to break even further away from the same Institution His sole desire ls that all Christian energy and more espe cially all Christian money shall be direct ed towards his church and used by it for the saving ofsouls The only way to affect unity Is for all preachers elders bishops and other church officials to surrender their office and title thereto and meet with other professing Christians on equal and common ground Tnls done they might bo able to formulate some sort of a common creed but as there is so little danger of any of the preachers elders and bishops taking such a course so there Is really small danger of any decisive action being taken towards effecting church unity Big Bang And the Holy Roller rolled over and over on the floor Religion and law do not run serenely to bytheNew York who resenting the conduct a Holy Roller preacher by the name of uponthethe court room It Is reported that Dunwiddle and seven women members of his sect had been ar rested for disorderly conduct and taken be HigginbothamIna private talk with the magistrate land when the latter refused to oblige him Dun widdle according to many witnesses struck the magistrate on the neck The blow was a light one and Magistrate Higginbotham recovered himself quickly and retaliated by striking Dunwiddle square on the jaw The tellfeetto his feet and tried to flee he was captured by a policeman and dragged into the court HigginbothamagainIn 1500 ball ona charge of assault happeningduringwere arraigned Miss Elizabeth Robinson high priestess of the order was accused by the magistrate of having circulated tho report in the court room that he mid at tempted to hug and kiss her while she was holding a private audience with him In his chambers Two reporters who were In the room during his private talk testified that Magistrate Higginbotham had not tried lMagIstrateprisoner explain her statement On advice of her lawyer Miss Robinson refused to 5OOQball1500 ball on a charge of conducting a dis orderly house Great Is the charm of orthodox religion and tho public may derive a valuable lesson from this Incident Silk Dresses Given Away An opportunity of r life time for women who love good clothes High School girls can obtain their grad uation dresses without cost working girls fallorLarge list of patterns to select from Bona fide offer no fraud no grafting or disagreeable duties to perform For full particulars send name address and a twocent postage stamp to EDS5JiEAGREEN 247 Ave MINNEAPOLIS MINNESOTA i J 1 J t 1J il aIDuly Ordained Frcethought Chaplain Gives Expression to His Views In Poetry and Prose By Albert Johnson On July 31 two men who made murder a profession fiends gaspipe thugs were Jerked to Marys sonMary as you remember was overshadowed bv a ghost who descended in bodily shape like a dove Luke 22 and founded the Christian religion They were assisted into immortal life by two priests of the most corrupt organi zation in the worldbirds of a feather helping each other out What a mockery Bah It smells of the rottenness of religion and Rome Brother Clark will Join in singing the Doxology Jerked to Jesus Holy Saviour with those priestly Roman prayers They are happy now with angels up those golden flight of stairs With their hands deepdyed with blood stains theyre happy nowabove With Marys Holy Ghost son and his pa a god of lov- eChorusAll Sing Two priests of Rome assisted them home To a spiritual life beyond At the end of a noose a man turned them loose For of murder they were overfond A The Story of the Foxes Tails and Other Myths Given a Hard Jolt By John F Clarke Samson was a Nazarlto from the womb A Nazarite is a fellow that lets his hair grow for the glory of God God reciprocat growinghairSamson had seven locks and a Coman chee Indian could have scalped him seven times for the glory of Manitou Samson Judged Israel for twenty years He was a peculiar chap and especially strong on the last halt of peculiar An angel of god visited his mother who was barren and made her fertile The angel of god then went up in smoke Samson fell in love with a Philistine lady and made his mother and father go and fetch her to him to wife Her father afterward gave her to Samsons companion while Samson was out killing people for gods glory Samson took a peculiar revenge He had a young lion roar against him and slew the lion and the bees inhabited the lions carcass and Samson cat some of the honey and made a riddle and offered a change of raiment to those who would guess the riddle within seven days His wife beguiled the swer from him and made the thirty young gavethenot plowed with my heifer ye had not found out my riddle Ho went down and slew thirty other Philistines and took their duds and paid his bt like a man When his heifer had been leased to Rfr I The managers of the Republican machine opened their convention with prayer by a priest of Rome birds of a feather again together Evidently the prayer was heard in Rome for they selected Taft first bassador of the United States to Rome and a tool of Rome I suppose now all Amer ican sovereigns of the Republican super stition will fall over themselves to vote for Taft and Rome As an Italian monk of the sixteenth century said The people are a beast of muddy brain givetheman who challenged you to publish his letter Was he afraid of No doubt many of the Blades illiterate correspond ents would like to open up a correspondence with him and Imbibe some of the wis dom of the man who believes that a virgin gave birth to a child sired by a ghost one almightydidhis religious ideals I see that John is still in the ring and not losing any sleep on gods wrath Evidently the writer is one of the popes Irish under spiritual con trol of some of those old members of the Inquisition His letter breathes thefr spirit Evidently the United States Government dont feel quite strong enough yet to sup press the Blade Walt till that Penrose bill gets In full working order We will then have a chance to see If the infledls of the country have any sand Frisco Cal THE CHAPLAIN I Samson Nazarite tiedthemthemloosogreatest e plolt in all history and no one since Samsons day has been enabled to themtullnow and election time nor could the peer thatSamsonrnqrlzed A fellow that can hold two foxes otherIsa multitude of sins Samson had several foxxtielngsthis act of cancellation Samson was a Illtakotie one brace of foxes tall and tall and place a firebrand between adebauchadrunkenarrested in Baltimore one night with a watermelon under one arm and a wooden Indians head under the other Ho ex plained at the station house next day that the Indian ran Into him on the sidewalk and he knocked its block off and carried it off as a trophy Samson took the Gates of Gaza as a souvenir of the occasion A Nazarite must be a particular favorite of the soubrettes for Samson was a frequenter of the Bowery in Phllistia Dellah Jif Syr r l When the Nazarite of god had his hair foxesandone who doubts that Samson tied the tails thatdoubtssceptic of 250 an infidel of the lot an thisbusiness ittheupandcut A history that would tell such lies I about foxes and so many of them would not spare the girls JbetraysftDAVES LETTER f To His Dear Heavenly Father r Copyright applied for 1908 by Franklin H Heald My deer hevenly fatherHow did you ever chance to think of making a woman for Adam Did it just hapen to pop into your hed I asked Joe about it but he got as mad as a hornet and said it was nun of my bisness and you had a rite to make what you pleased and if it dident glorify you then you had a rite to git Jelous and angry and kill it if you wanted two Papa dont think so but then he is not a Chris tian He dont like the smel of them and dont like the smel of a stable much He says nature dont do things by chance and never repents itself like you do because saysItswishes I was his boy for an our or too and ho gesses he wood convlnso mo that you no what you are about He says Solo mon was a profit and was inspired when he sed Spare the rod and spoil the child but Papa says he was an old billy gote and had to thousand wives and each one of them had 10 children and Soloman bot rods by the cord and hired strangers by the month to whip them Papa says Spare the child and spoil the rod is a heap better religeon than Christianity He sayp of cours if you wan to make a Christian of keephimover thrash Jesus Is that the reson the Devil noes so much more When he was little did you answer his questions How yourfirstbornDowie one of your boys Is Loulsthelite that lives here your baby Ho says he is god Why dont you strike him ded for such blassfemy He looks as If he was borned in a stable and lived in one yet and JlkeGesusfeat nor put greese on him People wood of hung him tho several times if he hadent got away and hid As ever DAVE y I WA 4J s IiJ ry rv BLUE GRASS BLADE = IPublished weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his r death February c JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLE8WORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By man postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One inch single column insertion cents one month or lour Insertions 100 six months 509 one year 800 Quarter column single insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal case of dlsclntlnuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at 126118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE is enterd at the Fostoffice at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRABS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky HUMANIZING HUMANITY The work of Freethdught is to humanize humanity The labor of the church has been and is now to animalize it One of the most potent results of the adoption of science and philosophy as humanizing agencies is the abandonment of the idea that talc orthodox church was the sole reposi tory and depository of the truth The difference between philosophy and theology is that the former r advances a conclusion as merely provisional subject to change while the latter asserts that all its conclusions are final irrevocable and unalterable For the reasons here stated philosophy must always and ever be progressive while theology must be stationary having reached the full limit of its possibilities We cannot move beyond finality That is the end Following the advance of philosophy the discovery has been made that the assumptions made by theologians that they are the cus todians of infallible truths is a monstrous absurdity un tenable and untrue Under the guidance and tutelage of theology the race has been plunged in war murder arid other forms of violence unbecoming human beings a pro ceeding not known among other animals of earth This would make even an ape more human than mien But men are not wholly to blame The responsibility rests altogether upon a coterie of false teachers and prophetsx c at j who have misinformed the people through a false system of education Murder and the art of war were not in herently within the nature of man but are the direct results of false economic notions an achievement wrought by a culture in lihe technique of arms and implements of war Even up to and including the present time these have ranked among the intellectual labors of the race Men still glorify war MSlitary heroes are accorded popular 1 ovations and demonstrations The arts of peace haveabeen made altogether subservient thereto Just as the truly scientific mind rejoices when a new light is put about or thrown upon already accepted truths as to give them an entirely new aspect so will the philo sophical mind gladly hail the day when more humanizing influences will be thrown about the race and theological considerations wholly ignored There can be no permanent peace until the teachings of theology have been supplanted by the promptings of a wise and beneficent philosophy The world needs more humanity This can only cone through spreading the principles of Freethought The legitimate products of Christianity may be seen every where Race divisions and even divisions of thesame race into classes and castes Christianity appeals to the most abject passions for its support This is animalism Sired by pride mothered by impurity what else couldwe expect from such a source It is recorded that when Huxley began his exposition of thoDanvinian theory of the descent of man an English bishop at Oxford denounced Darwinism in bitter terms and among other things charged that Darwin sought to put a limit upon gods great glory and proceeded to congratulate himself that he was descended from an ape History also records the reply made by Huxley when his attention had been directed to the statement widely was as follows If I had to choose I would prefer to be a descendant ofa humble monkey than of a man who employs his knowledge and eloquence in misrepresenting those who are wearing our their lives in the search for truth Such is the position of Freethought Fur better to be of humble origin and be able to hold up a record of won derful progress and advancement than to be of perfect creation and to have fallen from such d high estate Better to have come up than to have moved downward In the light of growth we can understand humanity with all its failings and shortcomings As a fallen and humili ated being we place a cloud of gloom about the race Then let us unite in spreading these humanizing doctrines of Freethought Let us be more persistent and energetic in our work It is the Freethinkers of the world who have led in the march of human progress and but for their labors men would still be animals In ton thousand years man has riot been able to decide even the tariff question yet any fool preacher can tell us offhand just how the universe came into existence and explain the plan of omnipotence r J trr Itt IayI1i i j BLUMGiRASS BLADE 9 THEOLOGICAL SIDESHOWS J What is the church of the future to bee Radical changes in the form of church service and Christian worship are appearing in the most unexpected places and ministers of the gospel high in place and 4favor are bending the spiritual to meet the demands of i Once the church takes to innovation and improvement as a means of selfpreservation ignoring its past attitude of selfimportance and by catering to the popular will the end of theological dogma is marked and the day of intellectual progress begins to dawn It is evident that Christianity is now passing through the same intellectual conflict that marked the paganism of Greece and Rome when by social contact assisted by that intense desire to control the masses through a pretense of yielding to popular demand they fell before the advancing thought of the now faith and became victims to their own incapacity Enlightened intelligence has exposed the imbecility ofall the creeds demonstrated their im potency for moral improvement exploded the god myth and placed man at the topmost pinnacle of existence The church feels the force of the conflict Its pretensions to a sanctified spirit of extreme holiness a sort of spiritual superiority are not capable of exacting that public homage and allegiance it once commanded and it is now engaged in a mighty struggle to keep up appearances and maintain a semblance of its former power and glory And the church that will not progress the church that refuses to keep pace with the progressive temper of the age must perish while they that are content to sail slowly along in the rear of human intelligence will gradually assume a higher and better nature until their preachers will become teachers and instead of seeking to placate an angry god in behalf of a suffering humanity they will know that humanity is all there is worth striving for Nor is the church alone at war with the intellectual forces of the age but the churches are at war with each other Sect contends against sect and what one preacher as a representative of the church commends another preacher also a representative of the church condemns Hardly any two preachers in the land are agreed upon what course of policy should be pursued and this inde cision this halting upon the brink is one of the surest signs of intellectual weakness stagnation and decay Not one preacher in a thousand can be brought into the arena who is capable of making an intelligent defense of his posi tion acceptable to the great masses of thinking people Theologically speaking not one in ten thousand has ad vanced an inch beyond the doctrine and thought of the barbaric past In which his creed was formulated While all things else have gone forward and onward by leaps and bounds theology remains where it was when originally invented When to what is the church coming As an institution the church will be with us for many years to come OW c its policies will undergo such a radical and striking change fthat the church a century hence will not be the church of today even as the church of today is not what it was a century ago We can to a great extent judge of the future by the past and from what has happened and from what is at present happening it does not require any great amount of foresight to fairly predict the churchIconditions of the future From congregational singing hymns and psalms we came church choirs from church choirs we passed on to orchestral music from this to a brass band and the musical features constitute the most attractive portions of the service Now we witness the1introduction of the phonograph smoking concerts vaude ville actors and actresses professionals engaged to whistle hymns instead ofhaving the people to sing them and even a soda fountain is reported to have been installed in a church somewhere whereby icecold lemonade and fizzes are served to the members of the congregation as theYJoccupy their seatS in church Last but not least important in the suggested improvements innovationscall it what you will comes the declaration of Rt Rev Charles D Williams the Episcopal bishop of Michigan who intimates thati the usual sermon might be dispensed with and some more attractive feature be substituted for it From this it would appear that anything everything must or should be tried to keep the people creedbound and herd them in the walls of some church But with it all there appear markedsigns of an admitted inferiority an admitted incapacity Let the changes come Introduce minstrel features and comic r opera but until the church gets down to bedrock prin ciples and can fairly grasp and understand the law that governs existence it ntust fail as other and similar instituItions have failed before it More of the natural and less of the supernatural is the constant demand of humanity Every humanizing effort must be directed toward the nat ural and this implies that in our consideration for the welfare of man we must ignore god SCHOOL BEGINS ITS WORK Scholarships are issued The first series of examination questions have been mailed out to students r These acts put the Correspondence School in actual working order f Students are now at work upon the problems givcnjthem and in thirty days their answers will bo back for inspection correction and grading The school is yet an experiment- It will keep going however but its success will altogether depend upon the reception given to it by the Freethinkers of the country With some misgivings concerning our ability to get a start in this important venture the Blade is well pleased with the patronage many of its friends have bestowed The number of pupils enrolled is not up to our expectationsI 1tlQ BLUE G ASS BLADE probabilfityto go at the matter in a businesslike way and give every student full value for the money paid We feel confident that at the end of the first year just as soon as results can be definitely given our friends will realize the full importance of this method of propaganda and rally to its better support By the time this issue is being read the students in the school will be at work on the first collection or what are designated as Series A of the examination questions in Geology Astronomy Botany and Zoology These are the most important of the natural sciences and form a ground work for the more technical branches There are twenty questions in each subject making a total of eighty to be answered within the thirty days accorded them at the end of which the work done will be graded according to merit Nine monthly examinations constitute the years work at the close of which each student will be invited to write a brief treatise upon what he or she has learned contrasted with biblical und theological teaching to be published in the Blade Each student will then be given advice for an extension of the same branches of study by taking up the different branches in a more advanced form on their own account All students who have enrolled this year will for the next course of study be instructed in Philosophy secular and sacred History Theology and Biblical Literature Each student can then elaborate for himself or herself upon the proper comparisons to be made The third and closing year of the entire course will bo to give a polish and tone to the knowledge thus obtained with expression construction and literary culture Intending students who desire to take the course are now urged to send for books and examination papers and the school will use extra pains to enable them to catch up The total cost of the entire first years course is only 1539 which includes tuition textbooks and express and mail charges FREEfTHOUGHT AND SOCIALISM Upon our own suggestion a large number of subscribers have sent up names and addresses of friends for the pur pose of sending sample copies of the Blade and consid erable good has been done thereby Occasionally we receive a communication from one of the list announcing their allegiance to socialism in preference to Freothought urging that economic freedom once won will abolish religious superstition This is like putting the horse in the shafts the wrong way to For centuries the Christian superstition has boon tho dominant factor in government For centuries it was the factor and the only factor Temporal matters were sub ordinated to the spiritual and statutory enactments to say nothing of imperial ukase were drawn and formu lated for the sole and express purpose of strengthening the church and bolstering its sordid superstitions The welfare of the people was never considered It was the cause of religion and religion only Kingcraft and priest craft formed an exclusive partnership A sort of close corporation They planned and labored together All men and all women were church members But few dared to entertain a doubt and those who did doubt dared not give utterance thereto At the same time all were slaves to the church power and the money power The king and the priest played a losing game only into each others hands Economic freedom was never dreamed of The system had become so firmly established that to question its justness was a heresy When the clouds broke what appeared Not economic freedom It was religious freedom Minus the means of subsistence the people still remained economic slaves long after religious reformation had been accomplished The people began to draw away from the temples They began to think Other wrongs dawned upon them From re ligious matters they turned their attention to political matters Perceiving the drift of the popular mind the king appealed to the priest and the latter used leis offices to terrify the people with vague threats of spiritual tor ment to be submissive to political authority But freedom had gained a foothold Freedom moves forward not back ward Tho church realized what this movement meant and it arrayed a bitter opposition This opposition held the people back for ages and just in proportion as religious freedom became more universally adopted the opportunity presented itself for studying remedies for for political wrongs Revolution followed revolution The church was always on the side of the reaction aries The history ofour own country gives ample demonstlrn ion of that fact Today less than ones third maintain an open allegiance with the church The bulk of national intelligence is outside the pale of the church But for this fact the present agitation for eco nomic reforms would not be tolerated and it is a strange aberration of mental light that leads to the conclusion that economic freedom must precede religious freedom Suppose all advocacy of Freethought should be elimi nated from the republic by law orexecutive order What would happen Socialism and every other ism now appearing would be instantly shut off by force The demand for religious freedom preceded the demand for economic freedom and through all the centuries the latter has been trailing in the wake of tho former Freethought was in socialismalwaysfor the advocacy of Freethought lie is retarding the very movement that made his own advocacy possible Socialism may bo an effective remedy for existing political ills and experimentWe opposeitstrenuous opposition of the church This is admitted by l I BLUE GR SS BLADE dtfIj t nfl Freethought has enabled the socialist movement to grow by its open and unrelenting opposition to the church It has also liberalized popular thought and prepared the ground for the constructionist to work upon Then what foolish fantasy is this of supposing that I economic freedom will lead to the destruction of theological superstition It will never do First break the chains that fetter the hiunan mind and encourage independent thought and then the day will soon dawn when political freedom will be accorded a public hearing It must of a necessity however be led by an era emancipation from orthodoxy and priesfcraft and the sooner our socialist friends realise this fact the sooner will their dreams of liberty become a realization Paine realised this and he labored to destroy the power of the church in politics His compatriots were also of the same notion and though not so open as he admitted the necessity Where would the liberal propaganda in America be today but for the labors of Ingersoll No man in all Aanerica did more to liberalize human thought than he That liberalization was particularly aimed at the churches at the superstition it taught and the practices it indulged in And where was socialism at this time Simply nil A BUSINESS PROPOSITION Lexington papers reporting a recent Sunday sermon by a local preacher quoted him as preaching onA Partnership With God and saying In forming this partnership each partner must put in something to give the firm working capital fllan must bring himself All that he has Man must put in his heart his soul his mind his strength and all his pos sessions aye all that he hath God will put all else in that may be necessary Although we were deeply impressed upon reading the above at the gross inequality of the terms proposed we could not help thinking that tho end of the quotation would have been an excellent and businesslike stopping point for the purpose of taking up the usual collection But what a partnership proposition Who would be willing to enter any business combine on such terms One partner called upon to give up all that ho hath while the othpr is permitted to come in on equal terms by merely giving up what else may bo necessary When wo consider that the parson talks for himself and not for god we are able to understand the matter in a vastly dif ferent light Unfortunately for these gentlemen of broadcloth and white chokers men have different views upon business matlters then they Men know that parsons make it their business to talk for cash and they also know that cash is too hard to get out of any business to give it all to the parson We fear the church must yet depend upon tho widows mites and childrens pennies 1 r iOURI SUBSCRIPTION LIST i3 The recent financial depression has forced the Blade into a laird and desperate struggle but with returning relief in industrial circles we hope to recoup the losses sustained While it may not be policy to take such a step yet we deems it better to be honest with our friends that they make the necessory effort to straighten out their accounts with the Blade office Casting policy to the winds we wish to say that upon an examination of our books we find that no less than 1127 subscribers are delinquent Some owe for two and three years Mlany owe for one year No matter what comes or goes the Blade is forced to meetJ its current expenses and with such a delinquency you may imagine what a difficult time we are having to keep up Could we secure but 50 per cent of what is owing to us on subscriptions alone we could make the Blade still better and give an improved service from week to week- Subscribers may readily observe by the date given on their mailing tab whether they are included in this delin quent list or not and the proper thing to do would be to remit the amount indicated thereon We know from experience that the vast majority of such cases arises from neglect and oversight For this reason we do not like to stop sending the paper The new postal regulations will compel such a course unless some provision be made to pay up the delinquencies Now friends do not neglect this matter any longer It is a serious issue with the Blade and we feel sure that none of its friends would like to see the Blade suffer from such a cause Now then lot everybody pull together Give a long pulland a strong pull and send the Blades circulation i abovo high water mark during tho coming fall and winter Oh if we could only put some of our own enthusiasm into the mind and heart of many Freethinker Marriage and Divorce tho admirable pamphlet by Josephine K Henry contains much valuable information on this important subject It must bo more widely dis tributed Send 25 cents to Mrs Henry at Versailles Ky and secure one It is well wurth the money and otters you some instructive readingmatter Friends Americans and Citizens to paraphrase the famous speech of Mercies Antonius it is the stern duty of all to do everything possible to make that Canal Dover i gathering of Freethinkers a success and to this end the Blade urges upon all who can attend to do so and to send a donation however small to those in charge thereof that tho expenses may be fully mot without entailing a hardship t upon anyonei l PH r pC g BLUEGRASS BLADE Two Freethought Conventions Canal Dover Ohio September 5= 9- s MATERIALIST ASSOCIATION jProgram J SATURDAY NIGHT SEPTEMBER 5Round Table Conferences in parlors of Central Hotel to outline convention work anSp discuss methods of propaganda SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 6 ftBuckeye Secular Union at Hardestys Opera House v X MONDAY SEPTEMBER 7 Morning Session fW 1 Election of chairman of convention i 2 Chairmans opening address Vfig 3 Secretarys report of membership and finance S 4 Appointment of Committeesr i5 Discussion of members present and reading of letters from absent members upon methods for the promotion and welfare of the Association and Its propaganda AFTERNOON SESSIONrI1 Reports of Committees General discussion on propaganda with such recommenda tions as may be deemed advisable 3 Introduction of secretaries writers delegates fraternal delegates from other organizations for five minute talks on1 any subject EVENING SESSION 1 Address Sunday Meetings Eliza Mowry Bliven 2 Address Dr T J Bowies The basis of our hopes is the law of progress Address John R Charlesworth Life death and immortality or Materialism v Theology Debate For and Against Socialism TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 8 Morning Session 1 General discussion Do we need any constitution in addle tion to our invitation and application blanks Shall we intro duce the words I believe into all future blanks before the words There is no god or future life 2 Election of officers for ensuing term 3 Final reports of Committees and action on propaganda work AFTERNOON SESSION Womans Meeting This is not only for materialist and agnostic women but for all women promoters of the various moral educational political and philanthropic movements We want to bring these women together at Canal Dover and each explain their methods objects and plans During this day examples will be given of the meetings proposed that should take the place of religious services in all churches EVENING SESSION 1 Address Selected Jesse White 2 Address Otto Wettstein The Axe to the Root or a God Impossible in Nature 3 Address The Reign of King Humbug Dr J B Wilson 4 DebateWoman Suffrage and Prohibition All members and women speakers for Tuesdays meetings should send their names to the Secretary MRS ELIZA MOWRY BLIVEN Mh r ti PROGRAM OF CONVENTION Buckeye Secular Union Arranges for Splendid Gathering at Canal Dover 0 Sept 6 MATERIALIST ASSOCIATION ON HAND The sixth annual session of the Buckeye Secular Union will be held in Hardestys Opera House Third Street Canal Dover Ohio Sunday September 6th E M PROGRAM Morning Session 900Address of Welcome Samuel Toomey Wettstein1000ReportReport of the TreasurerMrJ Wilbur White 1030Election of Officers for Ensuing Year 1100Short Speech or Round Table Discussion by Members 12 00 Adjourn for Luncheon Afternoon Session 130Why I am a FreethinkerMr A C Narragon 200Lesson from Paine Mr William McCarthy 215 What Is SuperstitionW S English Esq 245What Is EducationMr Jesse P White 315The Basis of OurHopes Is the Law of Progress Dr T J Bowle- s430Trolley ride to Tuscora Park Evening Session 730IdealismMr Walter C Hardesty 750What Women Ought to do Instead of Church Work Mrs Eliza Mowry Bliven 830Secular Philosophy vs Christian Faith Mr Tohn R Charlesworth Editor Blue Grass Blade The followin committees are herewith appointed Organizati Eliza M Bliveu Gus id Parr Benjamin Bald win Es- qResoluticeDr J T Bowles Helen M Lucas A C Narragon PressJohn R Charlesworth Lou Lawrence E M Lowe Wm McCarthy Chas Botcher FinanceSamuel Toomey Anna H McGuire Joseph E John stonEntertainmentWalter C Hardesty Belle M Converse Alfred M Stowe NOTICE The Central Hotel will bo headquarters and a special rate of 150 per day will be given to those attending the convention The Materialist Association will meet in Canal Dover on the 7th and 8th of September and will be present at the meeting of the Buckeye Secular Union The two events cover three days The M A will also meet in the Hardesty Opera House The program for this convention will be announced in a few days Everybody invited and free discussion free press and free speech is our motto i iiflItc i 7rjo Ir rtI t f BLUE CrBaSS BLADE 3ri WISDOM NOT IN FEAR OF GOD Aked the Imported Gospel Shark Taken to Task for Some of His Sayings By F B Hall The Rev Aked who was recently Im ported by Rockefeller to preach the true way to heaven in New York Is reported as saying there was a large falling off In membershlpb9thIndestruction of church actlvties This was not to atheism for that had never fected the church to any extent In interviewing many people he found they were as religious as ever only they were careless and Indifferent in relation to church matters making no effort to help the clergy or church which to Rev Aked was a very bad thing Did the Rev Aked Judge these people aright Is not his religion at fault and not the people Have not the people for 1500 years drank deeply of the bitter cup of superstition draining it again and again to its very dregs Is It not about time they gained a little wisdom The trouble is this which Rev Aked cares not to notice the people have evolved to a condition in which they have discovered several important things much to their benefit namely that all religions were man made for the special purpose to subsidize and rob the people whose souls were held so dear They have also found out that Christianity is founded on the mistakes and cruelties of the Jewish god who damned the man for all eternity but could not save his soul only by tho help of a saviour his son The people have also found out that gods wrath which had ever been the dominant attribute of this god and his other half the devil which have been so loudly pro claimed from the housetops for nearly 2000 years to show the mercy and love of their possessor are as impotent as his power to have had all men born to right conduct needing no saviour or religion That end donotmiseryforeversainted onlookers is no more is never to peopleInsanefrighten ignorant humanity out of reason rights and property Alas Too well the plan succeeded as the Rev Aked well holdthemupabeIfefoverlooked the crude puerile plan for salvation on which Christianity is founded and theymightpeoplelearnedlimited and hell never existed then the cametothe church decadence and all the reason The fear of the lord is the beginning of wisdom was a lie first last and forever Augusta Mich THE PENDING POLITICAL BATTLE Continued from page place who understands the principles of a secular government To the Iowa Freethinkers especially I wish to say that the Democratic nominee r J b t 4 1 k pi for governor Mr F B White Is from my county Keokuk I might almost say my neighbor He has the reputation here of being a Freethinker and Judging from what I know of him I think he would be abso lutely fair as between Freethinkers and religionists If elected governor He has been in Congress and so far as I am aware did not pander to the unjust demands con tinually made by the pious element One thing is certain When our committee on speakers for the Fourth of July celebration went to see him In regard toa speech for that day it was reported they found he was out In the corn field plowing corn had taken his dinner with him and was busy for all day I think a man of that kind has not got so far away from the soil but what he is safe and worthy of a Liberals vigilance Is the price of liberty Let us tear up party lines and strings sufficiently to vote intelligently at least Slgourney la THE BUCKEYE SECULAR UNION Some of the Reasons Why It Should Be Well AttendedAre You Going By Dr TJ Bowles Every Freethinker within a radius of two hundred miles should strain a point to be present in Canal Dover on the occasion of the annual meeting of the Buckeye Secular Union which occurs on September 5th and 6th The brave men and grand women who have expended time money and energy in the organization of this great movement should receive the hearty support and thusiastic cooperation of every friend and reader of the Blade and I sincerely hope that every person who reads these lines will feel in duty bound to attend this meet ing and make it memorable in the history of Freethought When societies like the Buckeye Secular Union are organized In every State In the Union Rationalism will dominate the public mind and the battle for mental liberty will soon be crowned with a glorious victory A Believer Criticised E LOS ANGELES CALIn the Blade of July 19 I find much that is excellent Mr Grelr Kidder Is at tho very top asa caustic critic I like the very liberal for a Christian tone of Mr Clarence S John sons letter Tome the bible Christian god Is an impossibility because he would have to bea perfect god and a perfect devil at the same time There are many things ho could not do yet he has all power He could not drive the Inhabitants out of the valley because they had chariots of iron He could not do wonderful work because of unbelief Ho cannot save many because they are free moral agents He is all powerful yet he cannot Influence them draw or contrast heaven and hell to them enough to get them to choose- happiness Oh there are very many things that this allpowerful god cannot do Then he Is impartial Yet he showed himself to many talked with them ate and drank with them preformed 1 many wonderful miracles before them Let Thomas thrust his hand In the hole In his side etc etc Will ho give me the same evidence No I must take say so or be damned He was absolutely good and kind yet he made a bargain with the devil to torture his most ir faithful servant Job He destroyed both i the innocent and the guilty human and brute at the time of the flood Then he set the rainbow in the sky as a promise of his wonderful forbearance that he would not again destroy the world by flood Won derful mercy He would burn It the next time he got extra mad He was a perfect god yet he got angry and said evil things of Nlnovah then repented and went back on what he had said he would do and did It not As bad as a man Then he pented that he had made man Had he made a mistake He is fair and just He curses all mankind because one man sinned He visits the sins of the fathers on the children Is such a god Just It he does not do this direct as the bible says these Injustices are accomplished through the laws Of course he made the laws and enforces them or he is not supreme ruler Then this just god pun ishes the Innocent to clear the guilty The only book the Christians have to prove either a god or a future life tells us that there is no future life Man hath no preeminence above a beast as one dleth so dleth the other Read Job 79 also Eccl t 95 also Is 2614 and many others deathfyou see the bible plainly teaches that ends all Everything in nature seems to teach the same We can not get a trace of evidence beyond the grave Then why believe ftWe would like to believe in a happy future life Yet if god Is unchange able what hope have we that he would or could do better in another world Would he take away our free moral agency In the next world If we sin right up to death and are free will not some of us sin In the future All biblical scholars claim that King James version of the bible Is fallble We know that it contains many contradictions Then where is the founda tion for our faith Let us build on some thing substantial Let us cling to the faith that nature sems to prove That plant Insect hrast human nil have life intelli gence In their order all apparently cease to exist except as elements in nature Then let us work with all our energies for this world do all tho Rood we can right here and now it may be our last chance Sup oso that all of the energy now denoted to uphold the supernatural was ural whnt a change for the better thereIwould onS F DAVIS Student Gets TextBooks SPOKANE WASH T I received your letter advising me to get three of the text books Geology Astronomy and Botany En closed please find mall order for 378 which will pay for books and express charges Papa has been to the Pacific Coast for the last two months and neither of us have read the Blue Grass Blade to find out the plans of the school or when you would have enough scholars to start work We will send the 10 tuition fee later onBESSIE GEDDESiAfter rain comes sunshineIA good life keeps off Perhaps hinders folks A life in continual wrinklesItEvery man has his r I14 BLUE GRAS BLADE H I y CorrespondenceKH Wants a Joint Debate WANRIKA OKLA Perhaps you re member me and perhaps you do not I am the man that got up the debate between you and the Rev Wilkinson at Oscar I T several years ago At that time I lived near there and you were at my house I now live six miles west of Ryan the plato where you got off Since that time we have had several debates The Infidel side has been represented by L S Welch Welch is well up but he lets the Campbellites off too easy When they get through with their little argument taey leave the propo sition and jump on Paine or Ingersoll and when I call them to order he says Let them go so pretty near all the time is taken up wrangling over Paine and Inger soll Moore was here once and debated with Wilkinson but he let Wilkinson run it over him So neither side was repre sented but Wilkinson got the victory That failure on the party of Moore waS the worst setback we ever had here I would like to see you get ahold of Wilkinson about one week as he thinks he is the champion debater since he got such a victory over Moore The last debate we had was at Springtown Texas That was between Rev A W Young and Welch What do you think about coming out here and hold ing about six days debate with some of tue Campbelltes big guns They are the only creed that will debate with Infidels I think Comanche Okla would be the best place It Is twentyfive miles front me on the Rock Island Road and a hotbed of Campbelltes and the people would turn out to hear a debate there I dont know that I can raise the necessary expenses but will try if you can come some time this year I am a poor man and the expenses have been falling pretty heavy on me so I can not foot the bill alone but we have got some good staunch infidels here that will help out So if you think you can arrange to come let me know about what it will cost When Moore came out here ho had a pass for advertising the railroad so it did not cost us much There is a new firm in our town In the saddle and harness business They are fullblood atheists wish you would send them some sample copies of the Bladesome back numbers I think you will get a new subscriber by so doing I consider there have been great improvements in the Blade since you have been editorH A HOUSER From One of the Old School LANDIS N CYou will find inclosed stamps for which send me Blades contain ing Col R G Ingersolls picture If my order is too late send Blades of next issue and oblige a poor but never tailing Free thinker of the atheistic schoolJ A COR RIHER Student Well Pleased TSIOUX FALLS S DAs per your advice I enclose herewith money order for 161 for the text book on Zoology Kindly have same sent to me at your earliest convent ence and greatly oblige me I will soon have a few new subscribers for the Blade I shall do all I can to help our good cause Thanking you for favors extended to me = R VOGEL Approves Fisks Suggestion PICKERINGTON OHave just read H M Fisks suggestion in late Blade to which I hasten to say Amen Let us hear from others JOHN KEMP Wants to Help HOLLOWAY OPleaso send me ten extra copies of your paper for distribution among my neighbors W J DUNLAP Will Stand by the Blade CHANUTE KANI am Just up from a sick spell and hasten to say you can draw on me for 500 if needed to keep the good old Blade passing through the mails I am greatly pleased with the change and glad to note that some of our old timers are coming back with their sledgehammer blows for Freethought C E ALEXANDER Joins the School SIOUX FALLS S DPlease send to me CO D the books for your Scientific and Philosophical Correspondence School Wish to become a member and will send tuition before September 1st as I believe that will be in time It not advise me and I will send at onceR VOGEL THE PARSONS ODE Come Thou Fount By RD Fausett Come thou fount of woes distressing Tune false hearts to sing thy praise Streams of brimstone never ceasing Feed thy cruel torturing blaze Teach the dupes melodious sonnets Of angelic hosts above Build a throne and fix me on it Glory and goldpower I love Here I raise my Ebenezer Hither I by graft am cow And I hope by pilfered treasure To build a palatial home Boodle found me when a stranger Wandering from the fold pf god When to rob men without danger- I adopted Jesus blood Oh to myth how great a debtor Daily Im constrained to be Let the gold coin like a fetter Bind my craving heart to thee Prone to pilfer Lord I feel It Prone to rob the friends I love Watch my purse let no man steal it It will waft my soul above r Wants Extra Copies GRIMES OKLA Enclosed find 25 cents in stamps for which please send me extra copies of the Blade containing the picture and a sketch of the life work of Col Robert G IngersollE W FRANKLIN Fine Farm for SaletSPLENDID CHANCE TO OWN PAYING SOIL IN BUCKEYE STATE Do you want a 278 acre farm Do you want it in Athena County Ohio Do you want the best of soil Twostory double barn almost new Also sixroom farm house good Abundance of best water Two wells one cistern good condItionIEntire farm under woodland beautiful pasturage peaches In center coal field Two shafts mile east another going down shafts miles north and northwest and 2 more going down Coal feet to 14 feet never less than 8 feet Onequarter mile to pike new 3th miles to county seat Athens 8000 inhabitants Junction K M B 0 and H V R R in Hocking Valley Heirs are going to sell at once Bring check book you cant keep from buy ing Sell as low as 50 per acrerAthens O H S LARCH M D Recently Greatly Enlarged and Improved Humanitarian Review Singleton W Davis Editor and Publisher No 854 E 54th St Los Angeles Cal Price 100 a year single copy 10c The Humanitarian Review isa magazine devoted to the study of Psychology parative Religion the mythical Character of the Bible and the mythical origin of Christianity Ethical Culture Secularism in the Public Schools null all departments of Government National State and Municl pal Liberalism in Religion and especially to Constructive Concrete Practical Organized and Aggressive Propagandists of Truth as Revealed by Modern Science The Review labors for the emancipation of the human mind from the debasing thralldom of Superstition Supernaturalism and Mysticism and for the upbuilding of an enlightened cthlcosclcntlfic life It Is radical without being rabid and aims to refute the errors of men by reason rather than ridicule or acrimonious disputation It stands for Virtue Morality and Nobility of Character as the best safeguards for this life and preparation for any possible future five 2cent stamps for Sample CopyYAddress The Humanitarian Review 854 E 64th St Los Angeles Cal J r fh ItJlb i i rrBLUE GRASS BLADE 15 Give Em Fits Thats what THE SCARLET SHADOW Walter Hurts great ical novel does to the forces of bigotry and su perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by the church element is throwing a over it too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which Is sufficient proof that It is all right It has cre ated a sensation In con servative circles and aused coneternatlon among the clergy It Is enthusiastically endorsed by leading Freelthlnkers through out the world You all know how Hurt can write and In this book he is at his best It Is an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing I pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bound in oxblood cloth Price 160 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky I O M ROBINSON Violin Maker MINNEBuy your violins and get your repair ing done by a man of 50 years experience and will guarantee everything or no sale The Wage Slave A Socialist Weekly that advocates Indus trial to the core EDITED BY A FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports the existing social order Send for sample copy Address The Wage Slave Box Hancock Mich A STIRTON Editor Be Sure and Subscribe For Secular Thought A Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti clam In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 18614 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms U per annum In advance single copies 10 cents All communications for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communIcations orders for books printing etc should be addressed C M ELLis Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought 18614 Queen St West Toronto Can 16 MEDIUM SIZE Mens New Thin Model Watches HAMPDENNo 104 23 Jewels 30 Wm McKinley 21 Jewels 22 same 17 jewels U2 Generals Stark 17 Jewels no 15 Jewels 7 Jewels 550 WALTHAM Riverside Maxlmus 23 Jewels 50 Riverside 19 Jewels f21 P S Bartlett 17 Jewels 1250 15 Jewels 7 jewels ELGINNo 156 or 162 21 Jewels Verltas 21 Jewels 27Cl243 17 Jewels 22 242 17 Jewels 18 241 17 Jewels 12 340 17 Jewels UO IB jewels 7 Jewels CASESAll the above In the new Thin Model Sllvorlne Screw Cases In Fahys Crown or Deuber filled gold case guaran teed by the manufacturers for 20 years artistic hand chased or plain or hunt Ing case more In 25 year case more than In 20 year case In cases guaranteed for all time screwS or hunting 10 more than in Sllverine case Prices of solid gold cases on application Every Watch Guaranteed Fresh and New from Factory no shopkipors an accu rate time keeper and If well used good for fifty years or longer Will be kept In order tot one year Beware of Special movements and cases made nobody knows where and which you cannot price Intelligently and buy everywhere Also beware of die work engraved casesthey are a fraud Those listed above are known to be the best watches made and If watch Is new and perfect you are safe to buy them where the price Is lowest I pay freight Describe closely what you want and let me send you cuts and prIcesalso of my Freethought Badges and Ingersoll Spoons Ring Gauge and my great little tract Theism In The Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook Co Ills ISixfree to every reader of this magazine who will cooperate with CONCENTRATION The road to Success by Henry Harrison Brown This to a book v containing pages written in plain and sim ple language by this popular author of New Thought books It is a clear and practical treatise on the attainment of success in every walk of life Price finely bound in cloth and gold 100 paper cover 60c THE CELESTIAL LIFE by Frederick W Burry A new book of pages full of brilliant presentations of truth highly optimistic throughout and directing the way to light lift and power Handsomely printed and bound Price cloth and gold 100 paper cover SPRIGS OF POETRY by Norris C Sprigs LL D Colorados favorite poet This boot Is like a harp of a thousand strings nvi hundred poems on such c variety of subject that no reader may taU to strike a harmon ious chord It contains fifteen beautiful trations 1 Price leatherette cloth and gold LOST IN THE BOTTOMLESS PIT by J Howard Cashmere An answer to Ernest Haeckels Riddle of the Universe It presents a new hypothesis for the solution of problems of life and mind Over pages of Inspiration Bound only in cloth and gold Price SIDEREAL SIDELIGHTS by Charles Loulk Brewer author of The Elder Brother and Steppingstones to Heaven This to a well printed book containing a number of profound and brilliant lectures on Socialistic andNefl Thought lines Price In paper cover only 60s THE TRUTH ABOUT NEW THOUGHT Julia Seton Sears M D The whole world I asking What Is New Thought This bookie answers in a clear and concise fashion that satisfies Price If you wish to secure any or all of the abs books send ten cents In stamps or cost Isample copies of our Advanced Thougm v10 llcatldns and we will send you specs blanks which will enable you to sense Q above books free Address THE BALANCE PUBLISHING Welton Street Denver Colorado The Peoples PUSS Fearless in its advocacy of Freethongat and Reform Published weekly at 111 Blue Island Ave Chicago HI J B Lena F lllsk t Official paper of the Materialist Association In Canada or Foreign Countries It a Year Subscription 50 Coats a Year ivjS SS BKADE ayTK1 vcif r y r Scientific and Philosophical I CORRESPONDENCE SChOOL 1i t Opens September 1 Now is the time to join 1 TUITION FEE SIOOO IN ADVANCE t k f COST IF TEXTBOOKS hcWiif istati 524 First Years Course Includes Geology Zoology Astronomy and Botany j ti Scientific account of the Origin and Development of the Earth its great History f I F and the Origin and Development of Plant andAnimal Life yfe fr GRAND OPPORTUNITY FOR OBTAINING A HIGHER ED CATIONt Study at Home Examinations eacH month Lessons by Mail 1 ESWORTHfV For particulars write to Blue Grass Blade Lexington Ky j- V Oft IInaNutsheU thecontradlctl Order Now Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 15 for 91QO t Address J FRANTZ Genl Delv San Francisco Cal ti THE A B Cof Religion A COLLECTION OF POEMS From a TypeWritten Family Bible Without Policy or Piety But Full of Common Sense By JOSEPH HAIQH Chebanse Illinois r 25 CENTS Addi ia the Author or Blue Gran iladirI fts BULBSRUCCt SPECIAL OFFER Male t1tIWNe Bdnew s permanent cur willfou or our MCEdaBltfpt3GIealrC race rays Coroubllptydauma TEED Meetlesw iiPsW LMyPpNN6sla bud1 A aor tawswaDVM w l l wN ha = w wlaw aa w aarw rN Freethought Funerals IN THE HOUR OF GREAT NEED Following Iso list of the names and ad dresses of Liberal speakers who are pro pared to conduct funeral services over the remains of deceased Freethinkers On account of probable delay it would telegramJosephine StreetCincinnatiParker H Sercombe Editor Tomorrow 139 East 56th Street Chicago Ill KyMarionAJClausen St Ansgar Iowa StreetManchester No Beginning By William H Maple THE IDENITY or GOD WITH TURF DEMONSTRATED The only book of Its kind to exlateaef Neat cloth binding 183 pages two illustrations 76 cents paper bidding ilrcents BEACON CO 71 LA ALLE Si CHKA 0 Y