You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 13, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908091301 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 13, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. If 11 f1 BLUE GRASS BLADE k Volume XVII Number 21 LEXINGTON KY SEPTEMBER 13 1508 Published Weekly nnDEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT f 1 r vr 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE John E Remsbur ofFreethought upontheshedding the new light In dark places can really appreciate and understand what the old guard had to contend with during an yettothought commands tiro progress it has made its existence in al theheartwho thus dared to do and did The work of a Fretbough lecturer some years ago was an IunenvIable position That Is from a society point of view He was regarded by the timid as some sort of a mental freak Preachers declaimed against him All the human vices were attributed to him and the people warned not to hear him let not that they be converted but incur the wrath of Infinite love This absurdity never struck the multitude until little by little new light dawned upon them and by persistent effort the Freethought advocate began to draw attention and in this way did the meet ings become popularized Small compensation and long dls tances to travel made the labor hazardous and doubtful It quired a sublime courage to kep it up Many attempted It and but few remain Foremost among those living today who devoted their lives and gave their labors In the manner herein described is John E Remsburg admittedly one of the ablest advocates the cause could boast Above all ho was ever gentlemanly and courteous in his demeanor winning characteristics In any place and among any people To accomplish this great work Mr Remsburg v clod many thousands of miles traversingalmost every State In the great American Union and speaking In many counties therein thetmoved thousands to think for themselves and thus led from orthodoxy Into the beneficent light of Freethougnt While his tongue gave forth its rich flood of eloquence his pen worked out Innumerable books and pamphlets which have been widely distributed carrying the message of freedom Into every quarter of the country John E Remsburg was born near Fremont in the State of Ohio January 1848 He Is therefore now past sixty years of age and is entitled to rest upon the splendid laurels he has won In his veins flows the sturdy blood of the Toulon and the Briton His father was German and his mother of English descent but born in IAmerica His father was a norlnal Christian and his mother a devout Methodist There was very little of orthodoxy In young Remsburg for even as a boy ho took little stock in the assumptions and claims of religion His education began at home but in later years ho attended the dts t Ji 8 t l i J i1i 17 k ti YorkStateby his own efforts At the outbreak of the Civil War John en listed in the Union army and was said to have been the youngest soldier in the service For his services he received an honorable discharge and a special certificate of thanks from President Lincoln Upon being mustered out of the army he began to reteachmade School Superintendent of Atchison County Up to this time he had given but little attention to religious wasbroughtchurch and abstained from so doing throughout his entire career He knew nothing of Freethought literature There was but a moiety of it In circulation and no copy ever reached his hands for some years later His own reason compelled him to openly reject orthodox Christianity and ho steadily evolved himself away from blind prejudice and became a Freethinker No sooner had Mr Remsburg become filled with tho enthusiasm of the Freethougbt movement than he decided to take the public platform and expound the new gospel of fact as against the old gospel of fiction He did so and no now entered upon that career of Freethought propaganda for which he was so admirably fitted Imbued with an earnest to be of some benefit to his fellows many of his lectures were printed and these were scat tered everywhere he went Among his works are False Claims a scathing indictment of the Christian church and an exposition of tho grandeur of Freethought The others included Bible Morals The Life of Paine Was Lincoln a Christian The Imago Breaker Sabbath Breaking and others Some of these have been translated into different languages and given a wide circulation abroad as well as In America Ho is now engaged In compiling historical data upon the Life of Christ which is to be published In book form He has also just completed a work entitled Six Historic Americans and these constitute valuable additions to Freethought historical advocates at work possessing the sterling quali ties of the subject of this sketch would make Freethought tremendous power in the land There is no reason why they i should not be secured The material is offered to us It is our duty to utilize it Talents built for Freethought advocacy should not be permitted to lay dormant We need every force every dayThero just as we had but one Ingersoll The Blade Is pleased to pay thIs small tribute to deserving worth and to express the profound hope that a blessed peace may attend throughout the balance of his active life s ri t + 6 W I I f I BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 1 Oh Christianity what a Ruin thou hast Wrought i 1Review of a Judicial Decision from a Chicago Court Intended the Edification of Women IforBy Harriet M Closz Is reported by the Des Moines Iowa from the Chicago Municipal Court bench by Judge Going In which after fining the delinquent he otters the gratuitous advIce that It would be better If such creatures of the street would jump Into the lake Without doubt Judge Going is an eminent Christian character and considered the advice offered as creditable and quite within his province as dispenser of justice The account describes the womanBertha Lazelleas being thirty years of age poor prematurely gray and with appeal In her eyes She presented herself before the court and the following is reported Are you guilty of disorderly conduct demanded Judge Going sharplyI she said She is not married interposed a policeman She Is a woman of the streets She is a bad one and a lesson should be taught herI have fined your companions and costs but I will fine you 25 he said Woman there Is no hope for you If you cant lead a better life you had better jump Into the lake All of your kind had better follow your example The account concludes by saying that weeping bitterly the woman was led away and last night was a prisoner without cases of this kind being recorded In the papers dally It would be eminently proper for the dear ladles with tearful tendencies to renew their energies In sending missionaries to the heaten More bible precepts are needed to change the pagan Ideals of honesty and decency to the Christian standard of degradation and humiliation for women We seem to be in the position of the man who so often repeated a falsehood that he finally believed It to be true It has been dinned Into womens ears so continually by pul piteer and politician that Christian women are free a great many people imagine it to be a fact but to ono with a wider horizon It is patent that the exalted position occupied by Christian females is conspicuous only in wordy controversy If it be true that conversation is the art of concealing thought it Is equally true that law Is an Ingenous method of defeating there pould come an Immediate transition of things and men became amenable to laws In which they had no voice and could be dragged Into a court room crowded with women charged by a female policeman who voluneered advIce to the august woman In wig and gown occupying the woolsack and i could finally bo sentenced by the worthy or unworthy woman judge according to her particular prejudice and regardless of tho merits of tho caseIt this wore possible how would the now lords of creation reel But how utterly and uproariously ridiculous such a supposition is to be sure yet It is anything but ludicrous In Its reverse state wlhlch we witness In the wondrous working of judicial and legal 1 machinery as reported In the press and records Without doubt judges are called upon to study and decide many perplelng problems and tearcompelling tragedies are dally rehearsed In their hearing but does such multiplicity of experience warrant unjust discrimination against woman who Is the victim of conditions which have operated against her for 2000 years and from which it is impossible to Immediately extricate herself Rather should they lean to the side of mercy for a helpless delinquent than to exceed the limit of stringency and further outrage the official prerogative by suggesting the breaking of another statute as it is reported Judge Going did by advising suicide In the above case for be It remembered that it is an infraction of the law to even attempt suicide The candidates for the pomp and prequlsltles of judgshlps must realize tho grave responsibility which Is attached tb the office yet they are anxious to assume It But from the decisions rendered by some of them one must conclude that the judicial mind may be modified by personal marital misfits business blunders visions of vacation or an acute attack of indigestion I wonder by what roundabout route one could arrive at a degree of Justice wherein the participants In disorderly con duct can be finedmale and female 25 Were I to propound such a question In Judge Goings pres ence I would without delay be declared In contempt of court but I hope that humane sentiment is growing and that we may at any and all times frankly and fearlessly express contempt for any court who unjustly discriminates between tho sexes- I might remark In passing that women do not seem to hold the exclusive monopoly on Inconsistency- It seems to mo to bo outside the range of possibilities that a man who has risen i to the judicial bench could for a single moment suppose that the suicide of the unfortunate Bertha Lazelle would correct the evil which she represents If It were possible to destroy in a day all the women of the street an other day would find their places filled Why Because men demand just such sacrifice to the modern Meloch and until the unrighteous double code of Christian morals Is repudiated and Its effect eliminated by the slow process of education we cannot progress to the understanding of justice and overcome the dition While we preach from the pulpit that woman is subject to man and must subordinate herself to hImthen enact laws which force her to submit through economic dependence and add to these conventional shame attached to natural expression and we have a trinity which Insures women of the street In perpetuity I recall an incident In the life story of an acquaintance a law student now a judgewho In n large city waited for clients until on the verge of starvation In relating tho account ho g said I could not sell myself as tho women of tho street do else I would have Other dishonorable practise were equally abhorrent to me so I had decided that after one more days delay a sulcldo would be chronicled and I the victim But the tide turned In my favor A client camethey multiplied I am now a Judge and If I merit tho title Just It Is because I cannot forget my experience and the constantly recurring conviction that a single shako of the dice might have sent me to the prix oners dock Instead of seating me In the presiding chair A century Is but a short space when compared with the ulti mate of time but 2000 years of Insistently asserting that women are inferior creatures and cursed of god2000 years of per sistent pressure by pope priest parent and life partner has had Its demoralizing effect and Christianity stands convicted even In the stronghold of Its defenders Women are not the cause of present perilous conditions but the slowly fashioned effect We may call them unfortunate In nocent Ignorant weak if you will but the product nevertheless of gods and mens dominion and the crying cruelties perpetrated by their early masters were shifted to the shouders of Jesus Absolution was granted and peace secured here and for tho hereafter a t IdL ajk I 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE Oh Christianity What ruin has been wrought by your humiliation of the mothers of men Women who profess to have all the rights they want should occasionally atend the court sessions In any large city and listen to the trials of women of the street hear of the horrible domestic debaucheries the family fights the unprintable Imposi tions and brutal butcheries and while listening set the senses at work exercise the Intellect and blame will be laid where It belongsto the Christian teaching of Thus saltti the Lord f am holler than thou man was first formed then woman and he was given dominion over the earth and everything therein I am willing to wager a bundle of Blade subscriptions that If these women follow this advice the scales will soon begin to vanish from their vision they will find themselves advocating divorce as a most beneficent feature for female freedom they will realize with regret that they as well as men have failed In their duty to their sisters of the street they will at once commence to advocate a change In our economic system and will finally be convinced of the Inherent righteousness of every human being notwithstanding the misdirection of energies through the agesand realizing this they will work to reestablish the ultimate equilibrium by securing liberty and justice for the dependent factorsa thing which Christianity has signally failed to accomplfsh Would women of the streets be In evidence If they were born right reared right and enjoyed equality of opportunity and J the same before the law No a thousand times No Then Full Report of the En thusiasm and a Perfect Harmony of Purpose Dominated the Gathering Many Freethinkers in Attendance Freedom of thought means the pure rev generation of humanity Emblazoned in letters of gold this grand truth was reproclaimed by those In attend ance upon the conventions held at Oanal Dover Ohio- Success attended each and every movement of these conventions and with joyful acclaim a new anti greater impetus has been given the cause of organized Free thought In America With joyous glad some heart each and all combined to aid in an extension of mental emancipation and to renew tho struggle for absolute Intel lectual liberty Here were gathered to gether the present leaders of Intellectual thought In America Here were men and women of progress and Improvement Tho laughing welcome the handshake the sweet music of the happy smile the warm im pulses awakened the Joyous contract tho warmth of association the old and the new in happy communion produced another splendid triumph for liberty and truth Pen cannot do full justice In describing the glories of this gathering Tongue could not evolve language fitting to its praise From many different States came forth queens f after the centuries of false teaching that has sunk us deeper into the mire of ignorance in regard to nature an the beasts of the field we ought to be convinced of our eror and open our minds to a sense of the necessity for a revolution In general methods of thought and a reformation In particular of individual we revert to the teaching of Confucius Put yourself In his place and do not unto others that you would not have done to youwe shall at least approximate justice Then will our present methods which debauch demoralize and degenerate the race be outgrown So let uS have done with the subservient attitude toward god Let us not assume the attitude toward humanity of accu sation and judgment of unfortunates or of compelling an ac counting for actions In accordance with the standard set by our own undrstandlng Let us enlist our forces as best we may In Bering opportunity for expanding the Individuality untram meled by the terrors of hell and forgetful of the promised favor of heaven and In doing this we will grow In wisdom and gravitateI toward freedom InJts final excellence When we appreciate the fact that to develop the heart and brain In common is better than to silence the mind by fear and crush the body by forcebetter to revolutionize religion than to demoralize the racebetter to reconstruct our system than to sacrifice our men and womenwhen we appreciate this fact J then the beginning of the end will have arrived IBuckeye Secular Union Convention IProceedingsGreat who have cast aside the mummeries of a senseless superstition and kings who have nobly fought to clear the way that others might bo able to tread in safety From the East and from the West from the North and from the South the men and women of Freethought met In a common cause Leaving home on the afternoon of Friday September the Bmdes editor arrived In Cincinnati the same night Here we met Dr Wilson Saturday morning in company wl h Dr Wilson Dr Bradford and Dr Murray we left Cincinnati for the conven tion city Three doctors with mo ought to bo considered sufficient for any railroad trip Arriving in Dennison Saturday after noon we were met by President George O Roberts of the Buckeye Secular Union We soon discovered that we were not the first to get on this historic soil for we were soon in the company of Mrs Eliza Mowry Bllven Secretary of the Materialist Asso ciation Mrs Helen M Lucas and Miss Neda Napier of Marietta Ohio Mrs Cora M Kail of Dennison joined the party at the depot and together we repaired to Canal Dover a distance of thirteen miles by traction car- The Central Hotel which had been select ed as the headuqarters for the members and friends was ready for our reception and here we were soon greeted by Samuel Toomeyand W T McCarthy The dust t travel compelled us to hastily repair to the rooms to which we were assigned and seek soap and water We next invaded the ing room and each did ample justice to a splendid supper Althoug the convention of the Buckeye Secular Union which came first was not scheduled until Sunday morning the work began Saturday night at a round table ference Now came other friends and the crowd began to increase at a rapid rate Among the next comers were Dr J T Bowles of Muncie Ind William H Cox of Marietta Ohio J C Cramer of Bucyrus Ohio George Van Ness of Mechanlcsburg Ohio J Wilbur White of Mldvale Ohio Joseph Mason of Somerdale Ohio and Parker H Sercombe the distinguished edi tor of Tomorrow Magazine also J C Wise of La Rue Ohio Miss Lou Lawrence of Barnsdale Ohio was already on the ground and got to Canal Dover first We found her busily occupied completing her official report to submit to the convention This was a spelndld augury Here were gathered men and women whoso names were household words in many American homes During Saturday night they all talked and planned for the future welfare of the cause In whose name they had met Valuable suggestions were oered and the fruition of these developed during the con ventlon P 6 Jrx r BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 THE CONVENTION DAY Sunday dawned beautiful and bright It was a glorious Septemoer day and the whole t nature seemed to oin In the spirit of con viviality that dominated the occasion j very incoming train and traction brought i1o r rcetiniikers to the gathering It was evident that Ohio was going to do her share hu7tanlibertymost widely known Freethinker in all Amer Ica W M Stowe James Nioxn of Zoar u uaniel Holstetler of New PhlladeffJ inua and others whose names at this time I cannot recall nor have I time roget them in view of the hurry necessitated to get wri ten and In the mail that It may be published in the ensuing issue of the Blade None the less they came from far and near Some arrived early others while the first session of the convention was In progress When the adjournment was taken for the midday meal there were just 54 in the Opera House all members of one or both of the societies meeting here in convention Called to Order Shortly after oclock Sunday morning President George O Roberts of the Buck eye Secular Union let fall his gavel and called the sixth annual convention to order In a brief speech he outlined the objects of the Union and described its organiza tion He pictured its struggles during the six years of its existence to get a foothold In the State and expressed both pleasure and pride at the proportions to which it had grown Delivering himself of a splendid eulogy to those present and the cause in r which they were engaged he thereupon in troduced Brother Samuel Toomey of Canal Dovqr to deliver the address of welcome Address of Welcome Mr Toomey was accorded an enthusiastic welcome His address was pointed and elo quent This description of his talk may not apply so much to the figures of speech he used but to the words employed and the sincerity of purpose in which they were given Brother Toomey spoke from the heart and not merely from the lips He meant every word lie uttered Among other things ho said Mr President and Members of the Secular Union It Is with pride that I have watched this society grow and develop and it is with still greater pride that I now stand before this convention to welcome you to our city For many years I stood In Canal Dover alone At different times I have sought to give the people an insight concerning our system and our philosophy and have at my own expense brought Freethought lec turers to Canal Dover Many years ago I Induced B F Underwood to lecture He gave us three lectures Following him I secured John R Charlesworth then promi nent on the Freethought platform I also t i brought Remsburg and Putnam to Canal Dover and each time our audiences at first few in number began to grow larger and larger I felt encouraged and finally others began to show an interest in the work and at last came the Buckeye Secular Union Now you see what we have accomplished I want to welcome you to Canal Dover and Tuscarawas County You are now In the richest and most prosperous county in the Buckeye State not considering those counties containing a large city Our portunities are numerous and varied and for this reason we have not suffered from the panic as other sectons of the country have done You will find our people gen erous and hosptable and as you enojy as socation among them I feel that you will also enjoy the same results Not being accustomed to public speak ing although I had to introduce the lee hirers I have mentioned because there was none else to do so I shave no more to say Now I am appointed by some one else to extend to you this welcome to Canal Dover and that is considerable gain I hope you will enjoy being with us and as far as I am able so to do I extend to you the freedom pf the city This little speech put the convention in perfect good humor It was the right sort to start the ball rolling Otto Wettstein the designer and maker of the Freethought badge and Ingersoll spoon was on the pro gram for the response Unfortunately his train was late and ho had not yet arrived As a substitute President Roberts called upon John R Charlesworth to make the response who did so as follows Blades Editor Responds Search would be made in vain throughout the entire range of human vocabulary to find words sutriclently expressive to make duo response to the beautiful welcome that has just been extended to this convention and at the same time fully and adequately describe my feelings at the pleasure of be ing at a Freethought gathering once more Remember however that was not origi nally intended for me and I am simply play ing the part of a substitute Imitating the late Grover Cleveland as It were and after I am finished you might wish you had been able to hear the original instead Speaking for myself in person and for the Buckeye Secular Union as an organi zation made up as It Isot men and women from different parts of the State and ad joining States I am proud of this auspicious occasion and grateful for the hospitable welcome offered to us For the next three day we shall be the guests of your beautiful city but I can assure you and mind I am speaking from actual knowledge and expert ence I am satisfied that nothing will be said or done that would ever justify Brother Toomey or the good people of Canal Dover in whose name he welcomed us to regret i i8tt J 1 1 4 the words spoken or to withdraw one jot or title of the welcomeglvent r rderwhat we purpose doing and what will bo Jthe character of the meetings in which we shall Indulge My friends in the first place let me say that we have come to bring you lImtcrucified bill of idemnty from sin and crime r but a gospel that insists that each must pay the penalty of his own misdeeds a penalty from which there is no justifiable escape We sing no praises to gods for gifts they do not bestow and we offer no prayers to Dings or spposea being in the skies forjimaginary wrongs This gospel offers no bible but in Us place It lays before you the great book of nature the book of actual amindsthe Imprint of their labors the results of i their thoughts We ask you in the name Ihoodprecept taught by the late beloved Col In x gersoll greatest of all Americans that the time to be happy is now and the place tokbe happy Is thereYfidoctorsdivinity and we have plenty of them with us today We believe more in the potent slower of pills than In the suspected power of prayer We look to our doctors to purge mankind of all superstition and which Dr Bowles declares Is both strubborn and per Lt sistent Its upon this superstition that priests and preachers fatten and thrive For tibls reason we are grateful to the Hoosier State for sending us Dr Bowles In that before this convention shall close he will c give the members and friends a prescrip tion that is calculated to aid progress Nor is Ohio to be outdone in this regard far from the Queen City there comes Dr J B Wilson brave fearless and Intrepid a man equal to almost any emergency and ever ready to respond when duty calls Be fore we depart horefrom we shall hear from him about a specie he has discovered after some experimenting for ridding humanity of the various degres of humbugs for which we are to be congratulated And then tuere is staid old Now England of Cotton Mather fame Do not be alarmed We have no Cotton Mathers In this convention On the other hand Connecticut sends us the antithesis of that Puritanical fanatic and after Mrs Bliven begins to get in her ti work upon the conventions you will ap preclate that fact It is a sign of progress indse1 that Mrs Bllvcn car reside in a J fJ N d S 7 t r iT 6 BLUEGRASS BLADE New England State and promulgate Free thought without molestation whereas less than a century ago she would have lost her chances of dying of old age Some years ago I read a small religious tract entitled The Atheist Shoemaker Now there are Atheist shoemakers and I opine there are many In the land and while I know none who may be present with us today I can present to you through Presi dent Roberts a genuine dyedlnthewbol unadultered and fully quailed Atheist Watchmaker Grand old Illinois has given Otto Weitstein a leave of absence long enough to bo with us during this conven youIfluid ready or make arrangements with some undertaker for they will receive a ter- riblei fall at his hands Just wait until you can hear him You do not have to take my word alone for it Wettstein will speak I for himself Of course we claim to be progressive We claim to be in advance of the Christian believer and we are This may be proven from the fact we are in today alone but we have Tomorrow with us If can not precede you In thought we can always lead you one day ahead Tomorrow comes not single handed but it sends us a team and in the course of time you will hear from them both They work well in harness and the more work you Impose on them the bettor they like It especially when that work is for human Improvement and a consequent human happiness- Do not think for one moment that I am going to leave Kentucky out of this reckoning True she may not have sent a Breck inridge and judging from his record I doubt if this convention would have wanted him She may not have sent a CJay or a Carlisle but there may be enough Dlue Grass seed about my shoes to leave a record behind me at this convention that will enable Old Ken tucky to keep up with the procession and carry a torch light of reason The Buckeye State needs no encomium at my hands She Is hero to speak for her self The very fact that his convention bears her name and Is held upon her soli is a tribute to her Indeed- I wish I had time to say something about all who are to take part in the work of this convention but if I keep on much longer somebody has got to Do cut short Therefore permit me to say that In behalf of this convention I thank Brother Toomey for his eloquent words of welcome and I thank the good people of Canaf Dover for the great hospitality that has already been extended to us If wo can succeed in win ning one sincere heart from the thralldom of a dark and dreary orthodox religion then will our meeting not have been in vain And when this convention shall close we may I trust have laid the foundation upon r which to build a more glorious condition of human life approaching that time when Alan to man shall brother be When strife shall be forgot When kings and priests are swept away When crowns and creeds are not Reports of Officers President Roberts here announced that the reports of officers would be the next thing in order and after a short talk ex planatory of the work done in his official capacity the report of Miss Lou Lawrence secretary and J Wilbur White treasurer were read and adopted Both of these reports showed that while the membership of the Union was still small it was also growing and that the financial support given to it had been enough to meet its expenditures with no balance in the treasury Old Officers ReElected Upon motion carried President Roberts appointed the following a committee on nominations John R Charlesworth A M Stowe and E 11 Lowe The committee retired and presented the following report within a few minutes watch was unanimously adopted amid great enthusiasm Committees Report We your committee having full confi dence in the earnestness and integrity and an esteem for the present officers of the Buckeye Secular Union and appreciating their labors in Its behalf we recommend their unanimous reelection and therefore report for nomination the following George O Roberts of Dennison Ohio PresidentW English of New Philadelphia Ohio First Vice President William Christian of Scio Ohio Second Vice President Lou Lawrence of Barnesvllle Ohio Sec retaryJ Wilbur White of Mldvale Ohio TreasurerIn these nominations we ex press the hope that each will accept the trust and continue the good work Respectfully submitted JOHN R CHARLESWORTH- A M STOWE E M LOWE The adoption of the above report meant that all the old officers had been elected to succeed themselves and that the mem bers were well pleased with the good work that had already been done Five Minute Talks This was followed by five minute talks from those present in which the present policy of using the bible In tho public schools was thoroughly discussed the con sensus of opinion that it should not be so used at all prevailed while some of the members urged that if it was used it should j 3 be used as a textbook and not as an act of worship The textbook idea carries with it the privilege of analyzing and dis secting Adjournment was now taken for dinner AFTERNOON SESSION During the afternoon a number of letters were read from many prominent Freethink ers regretting their inability to attend the meeting and expressing good wishes for the cause These letters came from Josephine- K Henry Harriet M CIosz Judge Parish B Ladd regular contributors to the Blade and Mrs Manila M Ricker Matilda Coomer and others- A Narragon The first speech of the afternoon session was made by Mr A C Narragon of Canal Dover His subject was Why I Am a Freethinker His discourse was mainly reminiscent telling of his personal eperl ences in the orthodox church how he had began to think for himself and had finally evolved into an unbeliever then a Free thinker later a member of the Buckeye Secular Union This address was well chosen and as well delivered It was not written and the Blade could not get even a synopsis of it but it was a thorough annihilation of the bible stories upon which the orthodox so largely depend and was calculated to start any believer into a line of active thought Mr Narragon was warm ly applauded for his effort which was truly deserving William McCarthy Local talent again took the sage This time it was a speech from William Carthy also of Canal Dover a recent con vert from orthodox Christianity to Free thought His address was argumentative throughout punctuated with original wit and Humor which caught the entire audi ence With additional opportunities and proper encouragement Mr McCarthy could be developed into a speaker for our cause Jesse P White Mr Jesse P White of Alliance Ohio a hotbed of infidelity was the next speaker Ho had selected the subeot Evolution and in his remarks he applied the theory of dovolopment to business and industrialItlife demonstrating that the drift of the age was to socialize industry and inaugurate a new era free from the curse of greed and selfishness This address was entirely eco nomic save for the illustrations drawn from theology and religion superstition as these have aided in the enslavement of tho mind and body of man He predicted the ap pearance of social economy whether the people willed it or not insisting that it must come as an economic necessity fol lowing definite lines laid down by natural law Mr White captured the convention He was accorded quite an ovation as he closed a most brilliant address rI I IIILcNowfromT Dr of the Blades serial article on the sistence of Superstition Rich and rare laidhardreasoningdemonstrated things priestcraft must perish from earth and an era of love arise In frequentlyapplauded dress was given with an unusual applauseto address the convention the audience commendatlonclosed itissubsequentissueLetters Are Read receivedby CCoomerEditor Sercombe Calls were ndw made for Parker H S andthisuponFreethlnkeSconvention when they had returned to their homes and strive to build up a similar organization In every State He was original and captivating It was In reality Ser combe himself and this lack of the con ventlonal his open free and companionable characteristics won tine hearts of everybody sitDrStatesDrsuggestedthisan original poem upon Parker H Sen combo which caught everybody It is titled Tho Crank The Blade will print Inspiredthe it tFreethought Journalist by asking that it whichtheThis brought the afternoon session to a closeaA number of Freethinkers had come actospeeches among them being J D Hunt one of the leading men In that little city and a banker but withal one who Is not afraid to show his colors wUponplemented by a brief talk from Secretary i j Lawrence and Dr Wilson several now Columbus Next Year came forward and signed applications or membership which increased the roster and- r the future prosperity of the Union no became doubly assured conventsofannualgon lochedoirZoarYOhlotion but the latter gracefully yielded after hpandoceremonyahospitalIOperaHouseitAdojurnment was now taken for supper ntReproduction of Letters Following is a list of the letters and communications read to the convention as previously mentioned From Our Own Harriet To Buckeye Secular Union and Materialist inDover beerpresent on the occasion of this convention to clasp hands with the men and women who impersonate the Idea of independence of thought I regret that I cannot look into the faces of this band of who represent the majesty of manhood Protect and the willingness ot womanhood to uphold tho age of fidelity to principle which during past decades seems to have been submerged in the great deluge of dis honor which has swept our country from to shore It Is superfluous for me to sayfor you ready realize Itthat strenuous and sacrifices are yet before us To weconvincedhavo but to east our eyes backward over the trail of trageules which reach to our very doors- Therefore realizing that society Is un compostlionInsistent and they should seek to secure for tho lowliest member of society tho larged opportunities for mental and physi ci progressWhen representshumanitys to life liberty and the pursuit of hap pi ness tho wish to invade such right w vanish away Tho evolution of good w bo accomplished and liberty and Justice bo ours I greet and congratulate HARRIET M CLOSZ From Judge Ladd 308orOhio workerwforthgreetthe lifeaand pride of my Joy ful days where I first imbibed the thought unbeliefnandhellsadnton sense much study has fully confirmed my early impressionsNPIn for that sunset landa kalmyLcosmopolitan t stHiInNow to my dear friends of tho conven tion at Canoi Dover let me say Never tire iffgagedto labor for tho upllfhtmg of humanity 1NYmost learned of its members a professor told those present that they wero standing around the death bed of a great religion f Alihasgarto n racidTho authenticity of the bible has been de stroyed by the higher criticism The more iIntelligent of the Protestant clergy arc fast renouncing Christianity nor is that all for we now havo a large number If not a ma priestsbestavedeclared theIrdeusIn short they stand on tho same platform as veryisFranceChrIstianityrelic of old women standing at tho grave Is all that is left in France Italy Is nearly tready to follow and Spain Is but little boo 1Indlow but our people must realize as Eu ChristianityIlthrown off In conclusion dear friends in convention at Canal Dover keep on in your good work Continued on Page Ten iI 8BLUEGRASS BLADE s BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky JP Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES Dy mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each FIve trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents PIT month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 506 one year 800 Quarter column single insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered iGENERAL BUSINESS RULES SUBSCRIPTIONS to bo n eethl egeepi iiX of the term for subscription has 7up In advance The address slip on the paper will show scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers- or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal l case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this j olllce giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postoiflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter i ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky THE OHIO CONVENTIONS Doubled in strength in purpose the conventions being held in Canal Dover at the time df this writingcastsa If now and greater glory upon the cause of Free thoughtI mia the human principles we advocate The Buckeye Secular Union under the splendid leader ship of President George O Roberts who by virtue of his tenergy and enthusiasm was reelected to succeed himself ifand Mrs Eliza Mowry Blivcn in whose heart and and sprang up the plan of the Materialist Association Ftowhoso labors is duo its splendid memberships now con stantly growing are worthy the warm consideration of every Freethinker in America irrespective of present or past affiliations To say that these conventions were successful would not be a fitting description They were preeminently so A beautiful harmony existed throughout the entire delibera tions of both bodies and as the members began to prepare for their departure at its close there were many regrets that the meetings could not have been of longer duration For the first time in the history of both organizations a large and enthusiastic convention has been held It is an augury for the future It contains much of great promise Tot the enthusiasm it engendered be carried to every part of the country represented therein and plans laid for another great gathering not in these instances alone but in other States and sections of States The Blade heartily congratulates President Roberts and Lou Lawrence Secretary of the Buckeye Secular Union together with their associates and colaborers for the splendid victory they have achieved At first how few were their numbers and how small their annual gatherings The latter were but parlor meetings indulged in by a few At last a largo and commodious Opera House became a necessity and its sessions brought a crowded house This fact is a splendid illustration of what persistence and pert severance can accomplish Never say diet Never give up the ship Manfully stand by the Freethought colors andvictory will ultimately rest thereon For the part Mrs Bliven has taken in the work of the Materialist Association too much cannot be said Let credit be given where it is due Alone single handedshe started in the fight and she has conquered By patient and industrious toil she has built up a society that has got too large for her to properly manage alone She needed help That help was given From this good day Mrs Bliven may live on to see the child of her own thought grow to im menso proportions and thus will her name become en shrined in the heart of every man and woman who loves liberty and life To her the Blade extends both praise and thanks Nor will it be alone From all parts of the Cen tral States there came to her greetings and congratulations for the magnificent work she had done In a future issue the Blade take and discuss the different issues of propagandadiscussed at the convention and considering their adoption and ratification wo express the hope that a wider field will be opened wider opportunities extended wherein to diffuse the principles wo advocate Owing to constant pressure at this time wo can do no more now than to offer these few words of encouragement and cheerlDespite this however tho Blade takes pride for the pat it has played in striving to make these conventions a and tho attendance enjoyed came as a tribute to tho interest manifested in the Blade and its work SCIENCE SCEPTICISM AND THEOLOGY What rotation can science possibly bo to the socalled spiritual Admitting tho spiritual to bo a factor in scientific calcu lation no one would know where to begin or whore to end and the doubt and uncertainty of attributing this or that totthe material or to the spiritual would mean to becloud befog the mind and render true science impossible Every scientific investigation worthy tho namo Jiaa been conducted and carried through without thought or concern for what is termed spiritual matters Otherwise science would still be in tho realm superstition and with out a solitary solid fact to rest upon During tho infantile period through which science had to pass tho one objective The universe is all there is If god exists ho must be waS by tho aid of such investigation to delve into tho realms of the unknown in a troubled search for god or tho f I BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 y things of theology Strange as it may seem to many these very investigations led mens thoughts from god instead of directing them towards god They experimented investi gated they saw and they knew This knowledge gave them an entirely now view of human life and its corrolaries They now regarded man as a constantly developing creature over forging upward and onward mastering the clements instead of being a fallen creature subject to the potty whims and caprices ofa vengeful and merciless deityUpon a recent Sunday we attended church to hear a now and imported preacher Ho was of the Presbyterian per suasion He lauded men of science and averred that whereas the scientific mind was either agnostic or atheistic a few years ago against which our forefathers maintained stub born fight themen who led in the van of scientific thought today were believers in deity and the creative power so that instead of leading men away from god true science led men to god and compelled belief in his existence The sermon did not leave a favorable impression con cerning the sincerity and intelligence of that preacher He may have meant much by using the term true science as if all science was not true science By the use ofsuch a term he might have intended to deceive his hearers If he be a student he knows that what ho stated is not true The greatest scientific mind extant is that of Prof Ernst Haeckel and thero is no god in his entire philosophynor is there any god in the minds of those who are studying under him Coming down the scale of the lessor intellectual lights we find all shades of opinions but the vast majority have been unable to find tho slightest necessity ofa god in the economy of nature and realize that nature is capable of producing and does produce all phenomena a part of tho universe Ho cannot exist apart from outside of or beyond the universe Admitting these grounds it would follow that god if ho existed must be material and if ho is ho is subject to tho same inviolable laws that governs us all This would deprive him of his supposed power to create and once robbed of this attribute with which his believers have clothed him ho ceases to be god and tho advocates of his existence destroy their own argu ment Just as there can be no twofold truthso there can be no different degrees in science Science is truth made manifest by practical demonstration There is Only one way to reach positive knowledge and that is by follow ing the path of science Faith and emotion revelation and theological dogma all combined havo never given to the world ono ray of truth Wo must use our sense to follow nature which is over at harmony with herself and beyond naturo we are unable to travel oven in our wildest flights of thought or imagination Despite tho assertions of interested theologians all science must by its very nature bo sceptical Without scepticism there could be no science Doubt induces inves tigation To investigate implies scepticism Investigation has opened a new vista to tho wondering gaze ofman and ho no longer peoples the heavens with imaginary be J j t i ings possessing a supposed supernatural power These results are at direct variance with the ideas prop agated in that sermon They challango every thought utter ed upon that question The further fact that men of science are not to be found among churchcommunicants today is a further corroboration of the fact here stated There may bo theological scientists if such they may bo called but they are simply theologians first and use science only as it can best serve their purpose by distorting facts That is primarialy and essentially the work of the clergy And yet how strange yea how sadly strange that many are yet unable to read between the lines THAT EMERGENCY FUND j- Our readers will perhaps bo patient with us for bringing up this subject again but as tho Blade and its success is our greatest persent concern we feel that reference to this subject once more will not be out of place Since wo first mentioned the proposition to create ail emergency fund in order to provide for and take care of our aged infirm and indigent Freethinkers by keeping up their subscription to tho Blade through voluntary con tributions wo havo received letters commendation and many promise assistance in that direction As we previous ly stated many such letters reach this office and during the past two weeks fully six or seven havo been sent to us i Each of these state they like the Blade appreciate its work wish to keep it coming to them but old ago combined with poverty and inability to labor compels the request for us to discontinue the paper Just as soon as tho labor of reporting tho conventions J- is over wo propose to collect these letters omit certain per sonal references and collaborate them that our friends may see and understand just what is taking place No better illustration could be given for tho necessity for such a fund Of course the Blade has never dropped such a name from its lists but tho burden keeps on increasing until it is almost too much for us to bear alone The Blade wishes through such a course to be able to raise from 150 to 200 per year Wo have enough poor and indigent subscribers to cover such a sum Those subscribing thereto could be furnished with a written state ment the same to bo published in tho Blade and a list of the beneficiaries given privately to each person subscribing to tho fund In this way personal feelings will bo con sidered and tho burden of carrying such a list more equally Henry 0 Roberts of Bennington Kansas is the first one to offer a contribution to this suggested fund He sends us ono dollar for tho purpose hero indicated Who will bo tho next Even another fifty cents will pay for ono subscription to some poor and worthy Freethinker The plan hero offered is for the benefit of many who have given their lifes service to our causoWo cannot turn them down in tho hour of their great need ft ttf J CrJi k t = II ip BLUE GRASS BLADE Continued from Page Seven hurl your thunderbolts thick and fast into the enemys camp for a surrender of the enemies of Freethought is near at hand with a world free of religion and of politi cal demagogues man may be happy Now as to the Secular Union may its numbers increase until freedom perches on our banners is my best wish but as to me I have at all times kept clear of combinations believing as I do that I can accomplish more good as a free lance than otherwise I can not tie myself down even to a constitution and bylaws I must be free as the air I breatne Though often reuqested to become a member of different organizations I have at all times refused Accept my kindest wishes and regrets that I cannot be with you In person and rely on me as ever at the helm for Freethought progress and humanity PARISH B LADD From Manila RIcker i Alton N H Aug 1908 My FriendAm glad you liked my ser- mont on Ingersoll send you today Hub l bards Philistine of 1905 where my views 7are on Personal Immortality I am too busy to write anything for your convention i and am engaged up to October when I someland Ingersoil and from the 1905 Philistine Am obliged for the invitation to go to the convention and If I could Id be glad be there but you certainly have a good spetllbaries of my own State New Hampshire but I made an exception of offering them to the East Aurora New York library but they declined with thanks Amen My r sermon on Ingersoll the Politician will appear in the September Philistine Hastily but very truly M M RICKER From J Shaw Mr Geo O RobertsI thank you for an invitation to attend a meeting of the Buckeye Secular Union to bo held at Canal Dover Ohio September proximo Invitationme to do so without neglecting duties here and spending money needed for the sup port of my famiiy and the maintalnanco of my Liberal work If you think well of It you may extend f my greetings to the Liberals in attendance besttraisedf resources necessary to an withfsixth year as a Liberal and feel that I have aided the cause to some extent and am as flit7 itf1 ii ij ft 1 J1 1rl touch as over before determined to give to It all of my working life which I hope will last good many years yet Wishing for you and the Union a suc cessful and enjoyable meeting I remain yours truly J pSHAW From Mrs Henry Versailles Ky Aug 13 308 President George O Roberts My Dear SirYour kind favor of August Olb to hand and read with great pleasure I rejoice that you Ohio Secularists are so active and In earnest and only wish that I were In the position to do more work for our great cause but the clouds lower dark ly over me and make that impossible tor several years I have been coping with sickness and death and unablo to do much I thank you very much for your kind Invi tation to attend your annual meeting at Canal Dover and give an address there but the precarious condition of uu aged aunt will make It Impossible for me to accept but I shall be with you and all the good friends in thought and do myself the great pleasure of sending a letter of greeting to both conventions and I hope they will be a great success and you will have a profit able time My heart and hopes are with the Freethought cause and were I so sit uated I would give all my time and energy to It I will not become a member of the Buckeye Secular Union until I can be of somo service as a member which I cannot be now but I enclose In this a postoffice order for for dues hoping to Join later Thanks for your kind words regarding Blade sketches They were written under culties and every word of cheer helps so much I want to ask your pardon for not responding to a kind letter from you sent me sometime ago but it camo when both my husband and motner were In a dying condition both have passed away and that letter with many others were never answered Give my regards best wishes and good speed to all the workers and may the B S U shako up the faithists and lead them to the light of reason Fraternally yours JOSEPHINE K HENRY From Almeda Sperry Aug 1908 Mr George O Roberts Dennison Ohio Dear Slr1 regret very much that I can not bo present at the convention of the Secular Union I do not think there are many people In Braddock who have the courage of theirs convictions at least this Is the case with most of the women They are still held and haunted by the prejudice of the past or are cowards I am especially Interested in Socialism and think that we shall be able to make Freethinkers out of the mass of humanity i tj tw rafrayst tcib rr wfshytf V f tt f when they are no longer slaves Then In deed will men become gods and rule the cosmic forces to a far greater extent than we of the present generation do Trust that the convention will be a great success I remain very truly ALMEDA SPERRY Genl Delivery Braddock Pa From Asa W Elson George O Roberts Esq Dennison O My Dear Sir and Brother I have your letter of August together with invita tion to attend convention of Buckeye Secu lar Union and allow me to thank you most hearitly for the same but on that day I am also to attend a Sunday school gathering in the country at which place I hope to do some worK for myself at the coming elec tion I will bo with you at heart and hope that at your next meet lwill be placed so I can attend and take part with the other good fellows and do some work on the pro gram Again thanking you most heartily and wishing you all a most enjoyable time I am as ever yours very sincerelyA From Esther A Van Riper Circlevllle 0 Aug 18 1908 George 0 RobertsYour letter with In vitation to the Buckeye Secular Union Canal Dover Ohio received I thank you for the invitation If I can arrange my business and the weather is not too hot I would be very much pleased to meet the society there I hope the meeting will be a success Accept my best wishes Your for Freothought ESTHER A VAN RIPER M D THE NIGHT SESSION The business detail of the convention be ing practically over the officers and mem bers now devoted the balance of the time left to a feast of reason and argument The night session had been scheduled for 730 By the time this session began the Opera House was filled The local people had become better acquainted with the fact that a welcome was open to them as well as to Freethinkers In some mysterious and unaccountable way the notion had got abroad that the convention was exclusively for Freethinkers and tho public did iot seek admission but at the close of tho afternoon session President Roberts called attention to the matter and fully explaining the situation word went out that every body was Invited and this time the frui tion of tho labors expended resulted In a wollilllcd Opera The night session was opened by Walter Hardesty of Canal Dover He Is the owner of uio Opera House In which we met and a Freethinker That his heart is In the right place may be Inferred from tho fact that 1N if BLUE GRASS BLADE u he generously donated the use of the Opera House for both conventions and would not accept any pay His subject was Ideal Ism It was short but sweet It Is a pity that the few eloquent words hQ uttered were not reduced to writing for he had taekn ethical standards from Paine Inger soil and Emerson and from then st acted a splendid ladeallstlc system of conduct for human society which if ac cepted and practiced would tend to produce greater happiness He was liberally ap plauded throughout his discourse Being but a maiden effort his auditors were surprised at its superb features and heartily ADOPTS A CONSTITUTION AND ELECTS OFFICERS FOR ITS PROPAGANDA WORK Brilliant Gathering and Successful Consum mation of an Organization of an Im portant Body of Frethlnklng Men and WomenFull Report The Materialist Association Otto Wettstein President Helen M Lucas Vice President Eliza M Bliven Secretary and Treasurer With the foregoing as the legally elected and properly constituted officers of the Materialist Association the organization is now in a position of the aggressive propa ganda and capable of directly appealing to all who can accept Its principles as enun elated in Its newly adopted constitution for that financial help eo necessary to success The great triumph of Materialistic thought in this the twentieth century came when Eliza Mowry Bllven succeeded in effecting a constituted organization of Materialists men and women whb are free from the cramping conditions Induced by supernaturalism a consummation attend ing tho convention just closed at Canal Dover Ohio It was a notable gathering More than one hundred Materialists and Materialistic thinkers had gathered from different States Among them were the men and women ad mittedly in the forefront of rationalistic thought in America men and women whose names are known throughout this vast continent Many who were unable to come sent letters of encouragement just to aid in the work of organization From little beginnings a conception springing up in the mind of Eliza Mowry Bliven in her Connecticut home the Ma terialist Association has come Into exist ence as a factor in Intellectual thought Only regarded as first as a sort of family appreciated what he had to say With a little cultivation backed by the conscious fact of experience Mr Hardesty could do great good on the Freethought platform Eliza Mowry Bliven Here was a splendid feature of the prac tical work of the convention and a really splendid eort Mrs Bliven gave a paper on the subject of what women ought to do instead of church work and outlined what should take the place of the Sunday church meeting It was clear and concise Prac tical and perfect Timely and true We do not wish to make much comment upon Mrs lIvens address at this time as we circle through the medium of which some sort of friendly communication could be created by and between the Materialists of the country it grew beyond the care of that heroic woman until assuming such proportions that executive and financial help became a necessity If tho organiza tion was to be maintained To accomplish this Mrs Bliven called the convention at Canal Dover and a hearty and liberal sponse was made Realizing that the As sociation was a child of her own brain Its existence duo to her individual labor Its growth the result of her unceasing labors those present were not inclined to substi tue any other port of an organization without regard tfl her wishes and the unanimous opinion of all attending the conven tion and taking part therein was to defer to her wishes entirely Even with this Mrs Bliven was not selfish She sought no personal advantage She was ready to make any reasonable concession to the opinions of others and from the combined counsel of those present the plan of ganization and propaganda was formulated as given in this report In the presentation of this report the Blade would like the opportunity of offer Ing personal comment upon tho glorious re s ills obtained but in order to give a full recital of what took place and owing to our limited space the report must be con fined to the actual happenings only THE CONVENTION Three sessions were held Although a program had been arranged to cover a period of two days so much of tho pre liminary work had been done through the round table conferences that a practical nsrucinont had been reached eforo tho convention had really met At the morning session there were fiftythree present These had been Increased to 101 at the afternoon session and at night there were more than 200 Intend to publish it in full but we are able jto do so in this issue Our readers will see and read the article for ct and will then be able to judge of the meritorious effort of the Secretary of tho Materialist Association tll1eSfllIadesPhilosophy Versus Christian Faith He was given a cordial welcome back to the Freethought platform and heartily thanked for his effort I Materialist Association Convention Morning Session The convention v as called to order at 9 oclock by Eliza Mowry Bliven After stating tho purpose of the convention Mrs Blivou requested that a chairman be elected to preside over its deliberations John R Charlesworth the Blades editor was elect ed by unanimous vote Upon taking the chair Mr Charlesworth explained the purpose for which the con vention had been called stating that it was the first convention of the Association and that the main purpose would be to provide and adopt some plan whereby the A socltion would be placed upon a properly organized basis and a system em ployed to raise the necessary financial means of conducting its propaganda The chairman then stated that several commutes would be appointed after which the secretary would present her report the appointment of the committees prior to the reading of the report was done in order to allow the several committees to draw from the secretarys report such suggestions and plans as It might contain cov ering the issues to be discussed consid ered and reported upon by the several committees The attention of the commit tees being called to the report in this gard Mrs Bllven thereupon reading the following Secretarys Report In December 1905 I proposed banding together the Materialists doubting whether I could find a dozen but thinking even small number by correspondence could thatIjoy the comradshlp of those really thoroughly convinced that there is no god nor future life My Invitation and tho leaflet What Is a Materialist were printed In tho Humanitarian Review and some other Freethought publications Comrade Sutterman urged that I send articles to little Peoples Press then Edi tor Lenan offered me space and added if i 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE Ve Materialists could set subscribers ugh to support the paper we might have he whole of it I have used three columns Jar the Materialist Association most every seek since January 1906 Besides mem Oers have supplied many other articles printed in Peoples Press Twentysix symposiums have been printed both in Peo ples Press and leaflet form for distribu tion Editor Lenan has favored us with as low rates as he could possibly afford and several times he has printed helps for the work without pay We kept on winning members and writ ers from Peoples Press readers Some have joined us from the Blue Grass Blade some from Tomorrow some from Humani tartan Review and our secretaries keep securing members by the leaflets blanks correspondence and use of their tongues Instead of a dozen members that first winter we enrolled twentyfive by March iJOG and seventyfive by March 1907 t Last October we had 107 enrolled Now ve are not yet three years old and number 443 members At this rate of increase havetOf course many of them are Just count I ones they sign our blanks and we never hear from them again It discourages our editor because so many members do not subscribe for Peoples Press alter he has i sent them several sample copies apparently they dont help a bit but they are- on out side they may be exerting con siderable local influence against the bible superstitions I judge by my husband ho wont subscribe for any Freethought paper but he has his spells of talking It and has ever since he was about twenty years old he is seventyfive now Who knows but all our members are eually the mission membersrmore are our real workers and writers to be fearless hopeful and persevering in promoting our cause We should enrol all we can because we cannot tell which will become helpers Suppose we have to enroll one hundred to find one wide awake capable helper That was the only way to find him and when j1we get him we have secured a treasure So far Instead of one in a hundred one In four have helped In some way Wo must have numbers to ever win popularity Therefore enroll all you can rich and poor any nationality any trade if they really believe there is no god nor future life and are reliable It will not help us to enroll bad characters fools swindlers criminals nor drunkards nor criminalmakers We want reliable people Our officers so far are secretaries self elected by securing a new member Many of our thirtytwo secretares have secured only one or two members but John S Holman has secured 5 members E J J Moeller Abner DIckson Mrs Helen A Collins i Bertrumo Lester Weber Henry Cramer Alblu C Flies 12 H J Stevenson 15 George Roberts 23 and Joseph Frautz 100 our finances have been rather deficient and crippled the work somewhat Did you ever know of any society or cnurch or oven a booming business enterprise but claimed they needed more funds no mutter how big thler dues or dividends We have no membership dues because wo can secure more members that way It Is such an unpopular movement yet it is hard euougu work to secure members by getting men and women to only sign their name uAhu ruulcal statement There Is no god nor future life without asking them to pay for their membership But enough of the members are so thoroughly in earnest so auous to have the work go on they have given voluntarily enough to keep It going on Several subscribe for halt a dozen or more Freethougbt papers some purchase leaflets and distribute them some pay for printing some special leaflet many send me a few or many stamps to help pay my postage some send a dollar bill one Ohio woman sent me at once An Iowa man sent 250 to have a special Peoples Press about this convention sent to ail the bers of the Church of Humanity I sent n to an Illinois member for a Freethought badge and ho sent me a badge pin and he las sent me many of his excellent leaflets for distribution An Ohio member has given us the use of this opera house during our convention The following receipts Includes several subscriptions sent mo for Peoples Press many orders for leaflets money to help print leaflets and gifts toward my postage Receipts before March 1907 943 Receipts between March 1907 and March 1908 3372 Receipts since March 1908 1102 Total 5417 Of course that doesnt include my badge nor the free printing rent of this room the entertainment of the B S U is giving several of us nor the time and brainwork of our secretaries and writers and these lecturers here for such cannot be reckoned in dollars and cents The expenses I have not kept with the same exactness for I used whatever stamps were sent me and bought whatever more stamps and stationary I needed without charging it But Ive kept account of what I paid for printing symposium leaflets certificates of membership invitation and plication blanks letter heads on note paper subscriptions forwarded to Lenan and Peoples Press bought for samples to new members and to others Lcnan sends mo more Peoples Presses than I pay for Expenses before March 1907 104G ISE t Expenses between March 1907 and March 1908 t 4339 Expenses since March 1908 1500 Total 6885 As I had pledged a month as my share of expenses you see receipts and expenses are balanced But for the future to keep up rapid In crease of mebershlp and keep our secre taries and distributors lively in making Materialists we shall need new literature for distribution more invitation leaflets and blanks a now supply of certificates be sides plans or subjects to keep our writers busy in thinking up new material to keep the workers hustling and convincing people that we are right etc and educating them Into Intelligent Materialists and into good moral citizenship also For some time we printed a now sym posium leaflet every week I think gen erally 1000 copies but that made more than our distributors would handle and they accumulated on our hands and cost too much so we dropped printing them But since that our writers have dropped off and many of our secretaries and dis tributors have lost interest and became only count ones We ought to have a new leaflet about once a month or four or six times a year at least the cream of all that our writers can send us on a chosen subject then print three or four thousand copies and every member willing to be a distributor receive a quantity free Many of our willing distributors are too poor to pap for what they would gladly handle need some financial plan to raise the money for the printing and mailing of all the leaflets we can use In our propaganda r work I propose that all members who will agree to pay or rase not less than a year for the propaganda work be enrolled members of our permanent finance committee I wish we could have 100 or a year to carry out this propaganda plan nicely That is a suggestion for our present finance committee to consider Another method which would require no funds and would be less work for me Is this If twelve of our ablest writers would each agree to write one leaflet In the year each taking a different subject our leaflets contian about 1000 words and eachwriter have three or four thousand copies printed at his own expense and mailed In packages to our disbrlbutors I could find out which of our members would distribute them and do my share as writer and distributor also but then sixty other writers would not have a chance to help and thereby develop their own abilities and keen interest In the work Tho more wo all can keep doing something tho fester Materialism will grow Over seventy members helped In writing our t fC j l i 1f BLUE GRASS BLADE i3 jt 1 symposiums It Is better to encourage everyone to use their abilities by giving them a chance to help besides many will help distribute what they helped to write So I think It better instead of selecting twelve writers to select twelve subjects here and encourage all to try them Editor Lenan could print each leaflet in Peoples Press also from the same setting of type for the benefit of his subscribers and to increase the value and circulation of Peo ples Press He would prefer to have them printed only In Peoples Press and have us buy quantities of that and distribute In stead of leaflets Dut our writers dont like part of its contents so but few order copies to distribute and it Is so radical most outsiders would burn It instead of reading it Our writerS like the Blue Grass Blade better but that is too expensive for wide distribution I think a bright little leaflet with an unusual subject Is more likely to get read and arouse thought These leaflets too give our own memo bers the arguments they need In propa ganda work I send three or four to every now member and I think some become members for the sake of getting such leaf lets as somebody else got Thus with the right kind of leaflets wo ca neducato our own members into more thorough Mater ialists and more capable workers Joseph Frantz our most successful sec rotary reads our symposium leaflets to saystheythe Correspondence Court in the same way and thus be acquiring skill in becoming a lecturer as well as getting and mpartng knowledge every Sunday Our carters must gude our helpers and gudo our new mem bers to become helpers Tho What and How of our propaganda methods s the solu tion which we must aim for throughout this convention Wo need for those leaflets the ablest writers in both the agnostic and Ma terialist ranks combned for ths propaganda work ahead of us The churches are made up of women mainly As Ion gas they believe the church doctrines the children will be taught It and the churches will flourish Their philanthropies aro right their worship is all wrong They dont realize the harm that it does To teach them better should be tho object of that dozen subjects Let us stir up all the Freethought writers hiall liberal papers to try which can write the best article for those leaflets the object be ing to reach and convince the women espe preacllfIngalso encourage them by the true Incentives to continue and increase their philanthropic work and intelligence This Is tho task be fore us Women don t see how their pray ing and religion hampers philanthropy temperance morality knowledge for health and much other beneficial knowledge They will never learn to do half what they migh to stop and prevent evils till they stop praying and expecting a god to do it It keeps them blind and stupid Besides writing those leaflets and articles for the Blue Grass Blade and Peoples Press and the Freethought magazines our writers should be encouraged to get Mater ialist articles into all newspapers possible Get a column and keep it supplied Instead of symposium writers let us enroll Materialist Press Writers besides our finance committee secretaries editors helpers and count ones There Is still another department needed and that is the Lecture Bureau Editor Chnrlesworth should have charge of that for his Correspondence Course Is to teach and supply lecturers and he has started the enrollment of funeral lecturers He Is a lecturer himself and these lecturers here and others that he knows will make quite a list to begin with When our secretaries writers and talkers make members enough there will be calls for lecturers Lets make John R Charlesworth manager of the terialist and Agnostic Lecture Bureau and of conventionsI will divide our work accord tastes and every member can have all the work they can ELIZA MOWRY BLIVEN Fir t Secretary Materialist Association Concluded Next Week The Prohibition Platform HAGERSTOWN lIDIn the August 2 1908 Blade George L Case says The Prohibition party platform declares for Jury trial where postmasters attempt to exclude mail matter from customary privileges This may be something better than arbi trary suspension by one persona post masterbut as some bigoted Intolerant Juries would as likely decide unjustly as a superstitious postmaster noninvasive lib erty would still be Imperiled Though so strenuously advocating temperance as to personally reject Intoxicants even as a medicine myself yet I nevertheless would grant others the equal liberty to always decide for themselves hotly in regard to intoxicants and literature when they are not Injurious to them To do otherwise is to deny and obliterate the right of private Judgment and assume allmenlmt the successful elected proverbially corrupt politiciansto be idiots incapable of properly Judging for themselves In such matters and therefore debarring them therefrom and consequently tyrannizing over them And a State that denies the right of private Judgment in nonInvasive personal matters is oven worse than a church or pope that denies this inalienable right because the latter is voluntarily submitted to where the former Is tyrannously forced on the unwill ing Ho who advocates a god church party or government denying others non invasive liberty or the right of private judgment regarding purely personal mat ters grants not to others the rights he claims for himself and is not intellectually fair unless ignorant thereof Sincerely yours for noninvasive llbertyf D WEB STER GROH tFrom One of the StudentsifOSIER OREI received a few days ago three text books on Geology Astronomy and Botany Thanks for the same En tclosed find P O money order for 1050 wage t workers remain physical and mental slaves to economic superstition Just the same JOHN HOSSACK fi Another Erroneous ViewyJERSEY CITY N JI have received a cpuple of copies of your papersamples perhaps However I have no desire to subscribe For all I know you may have a place in the scheme of nature and While finding no fault with you or the work you lire dcEgr I am of the opinion that when economic superstition s overthrewn ligious superstition will go with it Religious superstition could be wiped out and we pay my scholarship and balance due for ex press on books Will you send my book on Zoology Or do I have to order It Yours for the cause R W SIMPSON Doing Missionary Work PONCA CI1YOKLAI herewith enclose my draft for 125 Kindly send me a copy of Dr J B Wilsons trip to Rome Do not know the title but r think that you will know what book It is from the fact that he wrote it after his return from Rome r Where can I buy about a half dozen copies of Thomas Paines Age of Reason I want them for free distribution C DE ROBERTS We Advised Him HOMER GAWfll you kindly advise me where I can purchase Thos Paines Aga of Reason and Common SensoA J HILTON Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important as Pigs Potatoes and Pups r Do you believe that we grownups and even the Children should know as much about oumlviF as we know about Fiche Flowers nnl FiogsV Do you believe in Better Fiogeny a MOte j Elevated Race anywuyV If so Fend 125 for a years subscription ito the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Main St Los Angeles California U S A Samples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage 30 cents stampsa k S if Nt i pM 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE Judge Parish B Ladd Poetical Tribute From a Friend and Admirer of truth JohnsonI early youth Adown the ages mong the mystic bands Youve seen the gods arise In vast array And then held sacred until laid away 1 The christs are stored within thy wondermind With their virgin mothers that lead the blind Dumb driven cattle of the church of Rome That bear their burdens toward a shadow home Somewhere beyond this vale so full of tears Through reason overthrown with hellish fears With manhood gone the slave of some vile priest Who guides their reason with his wafer feast That puts to blush all crimes committed yet For Romes the monster that cant forget She burned a Bruno and his life took flight While prayers went upward for his guiding light Well versed in Natures laws and laws of man tYou teach of justice and of freedoms plan a To save the world from all the priesthoods sing Of teaching plastic minds gods fear within The cross would fall the priesthood buried be With gods own book for all eternity NNrNy iCbe Blades Connespondenee NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNO NNNNN NNNNNNNN f From a Western Pioneer =EUREKA CAL The tab reminds that my subscription is running out and iiInclosed you will find P O order for 150 to renew it I very much pleased with the Improvement of the paper and would like to help you get subscribers but the way I situated I can nothing for you I live on a small island which bears my name and have nearly four score years behind and saints grow as thick around as grasshoppers in Kansas The paper is now doing some good and articles like M Grier Udders bound to set an un thinking world to thinking How proud Mr Moore would of his paper now if could it I see you have assumed to fill out the terms to which the subscriptions to Higher Science have been paid My subscription to that paper has been paid to the end next year but I not wish that you should fill out the term I loved Higher Science and if the paper is resumed iiil k4it r iri N i The sun tho moon the stars in action play Within the storehouse of your mind alway And there deephidden from all mortal sight Are all the treasures of Times vast flight Frm sun god worship to Christs light divine You hold their sercrets through your lifes decline Unfettered searchng tor immoral truth Your minds the master with the bloom of youth It holds high revel in the worlds affairs All things held sacred and great nations wars In science revels and proclaims its plan In works Immortal for uplifting man Through long long years Ive listened patient learned From your minds grat volume until I burned With fond desire in great fredoms work And now in lifes decline I do not shirk The love you loved so well through all your lifeA worldwide Freedom from religious strife You live exalted with a knowledge rare And life in passing is most wonderous fair With loved one treasured for her gifted mind That blends the sweetness of all womankind Such as It is this tribute here I lay At the feet of Ffrlendship and of Truth alway San Francisco California NNNNN NON N N N N y l me am am do me up me are be ho see of do Mr Heald will fill out the subscription and if it is not resumed it is all right Here an idea strikes me Papers that deserve a long life go to the wall for want of sup port while others who have no ecuse for their elstence thrive luxuriantly A friend of mine sent me the Appeal to Reason a paper printed In GIrard Kansas that Naza reth from which no good can come I skipped it over and stood the ordeal though it made me sick of the stomach as it is an appeal to prejudice and not to rea son That paper if its editor tells the truth gets Its subscribers not singly but by the dozen and by the thousands and every person out of a job at once secures the Appeal to Reason and sits down and reads it and since millions of people are out of employment It Is certainly the most read paper in tho country How is it you can not secure such a subscription list Per haps you are baiting your hooks for rarer fish and the bites are scarce It seems the Appeal to Reason baits its hook for suckers and suckers being plenty they make the haul ROBERT GUNTHER Fine Opinion of the Blade VALERIA IOWAI see that the sub scription on my paper is a little past due so please find enclosed 150 to renew for another year The sketches on outside cover of the Blade will do a good work It will show to the people what noblelooking men and women who advocate nor cause Let the good work go on it will find lodg ment in the brain of many who have a sear ed shell of superstition surrounding it and lighten its burden of a belief in a future place of punishment Such men and women will have a tendency to humanize the brain of man till we reach the top rung When all the world will be at peace and the dagger and the sword will cease from troubling from revengeful acts of hatred and trifling differences I want to see the time come when every State county and township will have some one who advocates our cause to deliver funeral addresses We want to show as much respect for our parted as the socall Christian yea more It shows tale respect we had for them while living and it will also be a lesson to the wing to show respect to the living Would also be pleased to see the time come when r ln7 BLUE GRASS BLADE 15 we could have buildings erected as ful as our churcu buildings are to advocnto our cause and to reform for the benefit of humanity In all my reading I never saw any account of any man being accused of being a witch in all cases the accused was a woman In this infidelity has shown moro good for woman than all Christianity bas ever done or can do It gives to our mothers a chance to live and die a natural deatu I am In favor of us all living within the bounds of our laws but there are some laws that should be modified or repealed and this is the blow we want to strike It womu be a great blow against our freedom to have the ulade prohibited from passing through the mail and something that we must not suffer if It can bo lawfully pro vented I will assist tine Blade If It comes io this but I tnlnk it will not I am not In favor of Daves letters to his god as there aro many who would fling the paper from them In disgust after reading slightly of It while most all other articles would be taken into consideration and no doubt but some would find lodgment and this is what is wanted to do goodL E 0 VER NOCON Likes the Blade Well RICHMOND KYOn my return home after an absence of several months I find In my mall and received one today sev eral copies of the Blue Grass Blade en wrapped and addressed as per enclosed If you are doing this I am very thankful to you If it is done at the instance of another I am equally as thankful If agreeable to you I would be pleased to occasionally send an article for the Blade As you aro doubt less aware I some times writo for our Liberal pressSTEPHEN D PARRISH There is a great need for a great strength for a great purpose This the comradly banding of fearless reasonera In labors of lovo for the uplift of humanity h i The Peoples Press Fearless In its advocacy of Freethought and Reform Published weekly at Blue Island Ave Chicago Ill J B Lenau Publisher Official paper of the Materialist Association- In Canada or Foreign Countries 1100 a Year Subscription 50 Cents a Year i1 Be Sure and Subscribe For Secular Thought A Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti cism In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms per annum in advance single copies 10 cents All communications for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should be addressed C M ELLis Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can 16 MEDIUM SIZE Mens New Thin Model Watches HAMPDENNo 104 23 Jewels 30 Wm McKinley 21 Jewels 22 same 17 jewels General Stark 17 Jewels 10 15 Jewels 7 Jewels 560 WALTHAM Riverside Maximus 23 Jewels 50 Riverside 19 Jewels 21 P S Bartlett 17 Jewels 1250 15 Jewels Jewels ELGINNo 156 or 162 21 Jewels 49 Verltas 21 Jewels 27 243 17 Jewels 22 242 17 Jewels 18 241 17 Jewels 12 340 17 Jewels 10 15 Jewels 87 Jewels CASESAll the above In the new Thin Model Sllverino Screw Cases In Fahys Crown or Deuber filled gold case guaran teed by the manufacturers for 20 years artistic hand chased or plain or hunt ing case more In 25 year case more than In 20 year case In cases guaranteed for all time screw or hunting 10 more than In Sllverlne case Prices of solid gold cases on application Every Watch Guaranteed Fresh and New from Factory no shopk t cra an accu rate time keeper and It well used good for fifty years or longer Will be kept In order for one year Beware of Special movements and cases made nobody knows where and which you cannot price intelligently and buy everywhere Also beware of die work engraved casesthey are a fraud Those listed above are known to bo the best watches made and if watch Is new and perfect you are safe to buy them where the price Is lowest I pay freight Describe closely what you want and let me send you cuts and prices also of my Freethought Badges and Ingersoll Spoons Ring Gauge and my great little tract Theism In The Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cpok Co Ills Give Em Fits t rTis Thats what THE SCARLET Walter Hurts great radica-l novel doss to the forces of bigotry and su perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by the church element is throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthoddx critics which Is sufficient proof that It Is all right It has cre ated a sensation In con servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy- It Is enthusiastically endorsed by leading Freelthlnkers through out the world You all know how Hurt can write and In this bookrhe Is nt his best It Is an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing 1 pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bound In oxblood cloth Price 160 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky Fine Farm for Sale Is SPLENDID CHANCE TO OWN SOIL IN BUCKEYE STATE PAYINGIDo you want a 218 acre farm Do you want It In Athens Do you want tho best of soil Twostory double barn almost new Also tsixroom farm house good condition Abundance of best water throughout farm Two wells one cistern good out buildirdgs tEntire farm under cultivation Small woodland beautiful pasturage apples and peaches In center of coal field Two shafts mile east another going down Trt shafts 2y miles north and northwest and 2 more going down Coal feet to 14 feet never less than 8 feet Onequarter mile to pike new miles to county seat Athens8000 Inhabitants Junction K M B 0 and H V R R In Hocking Valley Heirs are going to sell at once Bring check book you cant keep from buy Ing Sell as low as 50 per acre Athens O H S LARCH M D The Wage Slave A Socialist Weekly that advocates Indus trial Unionism Revolutionary to the core EDITED BY A FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports the existing social order Send for sample copy Address The Wage Slave Box HancockYMich A If BTXRTON Editor f 441 I 777 1 4 16 BLUE GRASS BLADE Scientific and Philosophi- calCORRSPONDNCE it SCHOOL Opens September 1 Now is the time to join TUITION FEENo 1 1000 N ADVANCE COST OF TEXTBOOKS Including Postage 1524 First Years Course Includes Geology Zoology Astronomy and Botany Scientific account of the Origin and Development of the Earth its great History and the Origin and Development of Plant and Annual Life GRAND OPPORTUNITY FOR OBTAINING A HIGHER EDUCATION Study at Home Examinations each month Lessons by Mail InstructorJOHN R CHARLESWORTH I ManagerJAMES E HUGHESF- or pacticulars write to Blue Grass Blade Lexington Ky i The Holy BibleIn Nutshell A New Booklet showing up the contradic tions and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faith and destroy their godwebs Ready Soon Order Nowl Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 15 for 100 Address J FRANTZ Genl Delv San Francisco Cal THE tAB C of Religion A COLLECTION OF POEMS I From a TypeWritten Family Bible Without Policy or Piety But Full of Common Sense By JOSEPH HAIGH Chebanse Illinois 25 CENTS i Address the Author or Blue Grass Blade BULBSRUCaBEES SPECIAL Made to band nualue trial r Hattslactloattnaranteedoryour ouven Collas 5J 1418apa t Iln u u6 IoJri1t write today Mention this PaW SEND ZS ENTSi- s nats u1alab1 hJI Buld toa115 llU 81 oa4lUII CoollloraUoa ua wefalIa hulbLa Rtrt 4of btt- n e Buckbaesioaarzolt 1 Freethought Funerals J IN THE HOUR OF GREAT NEED Following Is a list of the names and ad dresses of Liberal speakers who are pre pared to conduct funeral services over the remains of deceased Freethinkers- On account of probable delay It would be advlslble to call them by telegram Josephine K Henry Versailles Ky Dr J B Wilson 206 East Fourth Street Cincinnati Ohio Parker H Sercombe Editor Tomorrow 139 East 56th Street Chicago Ill John R Charlesworth Lexington Ky Marlon W Marley Bucklin Kan A J Clausen St Ansgar Iowa streetiIManchester No Beginning By William H Maple THE IDENITY OF GOD WITH TUBE DEMONSTRATED The only hook of Its kind in ezlsteae Neat cloth binding 183 pagos two striking illustrations 76 cents paper bladlac M cents postpaid INGERSOLL BEACON to 71 LA SAUE ST CHfCAfttt j t+