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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 20, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908092001 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 20, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. t3LUE OR ssVolum- ej XVII Number 22 LEXINGT01HEY SEPTEMBER 20 1908 Published Weekly THOUGHTYi I Bi f fr i7r J 2 BEUE GEASS BLADE Where thereswill theres a wty I ARTHUR EWALD r Pushing persistent pressing perserverance Is always bouri ito win yrConstant cheerful climbing courage affords the stimuli Few In this world even today with all our boasted achieve ments can approach their own ideals and fewer still have striven to attain them In the successful accomplishments of the subject of this sketch men and women may find a grand and glorious incentive amonglArthur Ewald of Cincinnati Is one of the heroic few and tho Blade is not the first to take notice of his success His achieve ments have been made the subject of editorial comment by the Cincinnati Post He was born in Cincinnati educated In the public schools in Cincinnati grew to manhood in Cincinnati He Is now but twentyfour years of age and the future Is open before him like a book with pages wide open Above all he is in the fullest sense a Freethinker Some time ago ho casually dropped into the office of Dr Brad ford in the Bell Block a Blade subscriber and was there shown a copy of Dr J B Wilsons poems After a brief review the young man unheslta ingly declared that he could do as well or better It was on a Saturday afternoon Dr Bradford told him that If he could write a poem as gocd as any of those before him he Dr Bradford would buy the poem from him Sunday was spent upon Its production and Monday morning the poem was handed lo Dr Bradford It is a meritorious production and the Blade secured the original copy for publication It will speak for Itself W But what has Arthur Ewald done that he should be deserving zrofnotice in a public way For answer we publish the following editorial which appeared in tje Cincinnati Post as showing his work of merit Few young men have over drawn such marked attention The Post said- Arthur Eyvalds 92 Per Cent The world hates a whiner It doffs Its hat to the fellow who shows pluck and clean grit who doesnt wait for a boos but boosts himself It will be especially Interested in Arthur Ewald who wants to be a lawyer He worked faithfully for a railroad company and then in a life insurance office In the evening he studied law in the Y M C A School In all he did he put In his best licks One day ho ran against the rule of the Supreme Court that only candidates having a highschool education can take the Ohio bar examination He did not have a highschool education Pretty tough wasnt it He went at Latin geometry algebra civics and all therest like a starved horse reaches for oats He applied the gild to himself unmercifully He had to work for a living and he had to make up fQr lost time Isis lamp burned late In every young mans life there comes at least one crisis Some take the easy road A few go up Arthur Ewald was with the minority spurred on by ambition i iA IJi The other day he appeared before a Supreme Court Commission appointed to examine him on highschool subjects He was put through his paces The questions came to him like bullets from a rapidfire gun and he was ready with the answers His standing was 92 per cent The commission UNHFSITAT1XOLY and the quoted word was used by the examiners recommended that Arthur Ewald be admitted to the Ohio Bar examination Some day perhaps there will be a Judge Arthur Ewald wisefhonest and able For it is in the book of destiny that those who are willing to work who put grit into their efforts occupy the high places They succeed because they deserve to succeed Arthur Ewald Is now a practicing lawyer and Is rapidly rising in his profession and the foregoing ought to be read and taken to heart by every young man and woman Into whose hands It may ultimately come That he isa Freethinker may be gathered from his poetical effusion but wo have something even more marked to claim him as such Being asked by Dr Bradford to give him a key to the poem young Ewald sat down at a typewriter and Instantly pre pared the following in explanation of the thoughts sought to be portrayed therein No better encomium is needed and we trust that the example here given may be profitable to other young men and women who are ambitious enough to improve their con ditions in life His key follows- A Key to The Twins To the appreciation of any poem It Is of first necessity that the reader understand the central thought around which it is written the key as It were to Its Interpretation Without this it may be possible indeed to comprehend every word every phrase and every sentence of a poem and yet be in darkness as to that poems significance to its author and through him to others which significance being the life principle of its birth Is its only excuse for now living and having currency amongst the readng public The basis upon which The Twins was written Is the accepted process of evolution When in the process of evolution there came the dawn of reason after long ages of merely animal existence when that light of reason first dawned for man and he had by the power of mind conquered in the merely animal struggle and was half supreme then It was that error instituted her deceptions for man only half supreme in the struggle of nature did not com prehend the scientific laws of sickness fire and flood but those imysterious natural laws In sorrow their subjective effect still overwhelmed man and In the twlight glow of his newfound reason error distorted the esoteric laws of nature and there set her stamp So grew up errors myths of deity and gods and other mystic lore and then too Virtue and Sin had their birth twin progeny of Error which still maintain their baneful In fluence over man creating dissension and sorrow The poem Is printed on Page of this issue Yrr 1 t i JI fil7iI I I n r BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 + H H+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + I i + THE TWINS ti By Arthur Ewald When Pain and Death first spread mongst men Their miasmatic woe In mans first dawning epoch when He first began to know f tSucceeding ages long of night fortuity Still wounding offered him no light = To know of misery In that same day when reason dawned SAndprimal man could see Then Error sealed her hideous bonds That still binds you and me s First Nature blind compelling force A Nor Will nor Destiny Evolved from one primordial source 2 Her struggling progeny bChaos had known In lawless night No strife so sinister i And shook to see the law of might And blood administer Z Where Nature had built up her realm s Insensate mistress blind And still for sensate things the helm Set careless Charade to mind Lo man at length as one more fitIs Such struggle to survive Long ages flown a lamp now lit Within his brain doth strive i And conquer oer the might of blood And man Is halt supreme Yet sickness sorrow fire and Hood Oerwhelm a mightier stream For yet mans newfound flickering lamp Is but a twilight glow Where Error sets tier vague weird stamp On what no eye may knows Z Thus Error sealed her hideous bond That still binds you and me And there In semidarkness spawned I Her myths of deity And gods and wondrous mystic lore But worse aye tenfold worse tTI child this monstrous child she bore 10 bo mans latter curse And called her Virtue mockery foul Mans last dissenting cause And decked her In a desperate cowl And made her damning laws Nor Virtue was conceived alone But Error bore e twin Whose heart was warm as Virtues stone w 1J l U 0 r l jj a And Error called her Sin Now Virtue throned In high estate She hailed a beauteous child While Sin consigned to hideous fate Was cursed and oft reviled And so the sanguine struggle grewtAnd in mans throbbing Blind Nature placed a sorrow new And sunk a poisoned dart r Now some successive ages roll And men oft times descant tOn Virtues beauty and her Goal I On Sin and Hellstrange cant How some are saved how some are damned Of vaulting Charity That froin a throne which she hath tDreeds rank disparity Of condemnations endless woe Of love who knows not love r Whose hearts connive to death her blow Who coos a sensate dove tAnd some whoso hearts do 30 incline Live now as Virtue would + Which others feign and some resign Them to another food And men see not that naught Is sin Naught Virtue to be crowned That only joy fit to win And all Is hallowed ground tThat Virtue is no more than joy And Sin but grief and woo And harmony without alloy The best that man can know So still the bitter strife goes on Twixt Virtue and twixt Sin tWhile some proclaim a heavenly dawn That others would not win + Who feel more strong the living call Of mortal happiness Ana ask but this to be their nil This strife is mans distress And leads him through a vale of tears That dampen all his joys + Where still he plays midst trembling fears + With Errors subtle toys 1 Say priest say layman what is bad s That brings no sorrow here That makes men throb with Joy too glad To ask a better spheret+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + r 1 f 4 4 BLTJEKGEASS BLADE y Freethought Sunday Meetings I 1 Practical Suggestions Given by Secretary E Bliven of Materialist Association Her Splendid Address Before Convention By Eliza Mowry Bllven Why do people go to church When they were little children their mothers took them there they had on their prettiest clothes heard music and singing some liked that others had to go and get ustd to It thus It became a habit to go to meeting The grown folks approved of their going and condemned them If they stayed away Habits formed when young grow Into the brain and become a part of us especially when conscience Is trained to heed You ought to As boys grow older they find so many pleasures outside and It Is so tiresome sit ting still In church many of them drop out They dont always drop Into good company nor good habits ant their mothers feel that their downward course begun when they left church Girls are not allowed to go everywhere as boys do and they want to go somewhere so they generally find ways of enjoyment connected with going to church and are soon given something to do In fairs con certs etc wnlch pleases them The girls that drop out are quite apt to get Into ba company and get talked against so you seethe good girls feel that church Is the right place etc Of course they learn to believe the preaching praying and bible because taey hear It every Sunday and never hear the other side So they become church members and tie tnemselvesto It for lire ana teach It to their children Does it make the women bad No Indeed It dont Most of the noblest women In our land those carrying on all the many philan thropic movements the best mothers the most capable teachers are most all of them church members But It was not the church superstitions that made them noble philan thropic or even intelligent liiey have won their way up In spite the church superstitions Yet a part of the church teachings did guide and help them become the worthy capable women they are For many of the moral precepts in the bible are on the relations of man to man for peace Justice virtue that make for good citizenship and mutual welfare of all In this life Those moral laws are found In all great religions and In the philosophy of the wise of all nations they were wrought out by the experience and obesrvaUon of the J good and evil In society and their real causes Iney are not religion they are not worship they have no relation to belief in any god nor to a future life they are the moral laws between mankind for e uest results In this life These are the collected wisdom of all ages and all nations The golden rule Is an example Whatever of these the churches schools parents books and papers have taught have helped make our noble women and men These should be taught in all schools homes newspapers and churches continually All the bad peo ple their follies and crimes are due to lack of such teaching ignorance of the causes of evils not enough cultivation of wise cnolces and philanthropic tendencies that controls from harming others They had net enough good Incentives to make good citizens of them If in all churches all priests and preach ers taught this kind of morality ethics good citizenship thoroughly In every ser vice showing the people by all sorts of goou examples the difference between right and wrong choices for the general welfare and individual welfare health and happi ness and always practiced what they preached why the churches would be the greatest blessing possible to mankind The singing and the Sunday lessons for the chil oren should be in the same line to promote Ijfipplness and wise choices But mark you the minister preaches for his salary and Is very careful to not step on the corns of hIs rich scaley parishioners So he avoids moral teaching and preaches theology What are the results The men go to sleep the women lojik at eacn others new clothes after meeting they talk gossip and scarcely anybody can tell what tile sermon was about It did them no good and prevented their learning what would have made them wiser and better Is that all the harm that It does No Thousands of evils go creeping out and spreading all over our land dwarfing blighting what ought to be the fair fruitage of right Sunday meetings Our Puritan forefathers and the Catholic forefathers as well believed in the bible and its god and they thought that thor ough preaching of an awful eternal hell and a heaven for believers that repentea and tried to please god was necessary to make people afraid to do wrong and was the best means to promote morality and good citizenship But how did It work Why the good ones were afraid of bell Iandgod would forgive them at the eleventh ihour or the priest would forgive them for money and they would risk enjoying life So they did all the evils they chose till some they had injured put them in jail or disease contracted by their follies stopped their evil course Theydo so now Crimes abound follies abound Injustice abounds diseases abound everywhereand these prove how inefficient is religion for keeping people from wrongdoing Tnrow aside the false incentives teach the people the truths about no god no future rewards nor punishments no use to pray but be sure at the same time that you teach them the real incentives to be good citizens virtuous and healthy What are the real Incentives What makes us Materialists do right and want to help all others to become good citizens and happy Think out our Incentives and show folks they are more powerfully effective than any church Incentive We are Interdepend ent Harm others we get harmed benefit others and they help us we want their ItheIrDo we need Sunday meetings The peofpIe themselves both the religious and Ir religious have chosen Sundays for rest days from labor It Is their holidays How should they spend Sundays In carousing drunkenness or any ways that injure health or others Should they waste It in vices or follies Or should they be led to spend it in ways that benefit themselves and oth ers and in harmless pleasures Half of you will shout Give us harmless pleas ures Is that enough Why dont you letfichildren play all the time and never go to cnool Oh they have got to work by and by and must be fitted for the duties of life Do they learn all they need by sixteen years old or are there so many troubles wrongs diseases Ignorance that tine people are continually needing more teaching or helps of some kind to guide or Incite to wiser choices how to avoid evils what enjoyments will be harmless what will pro mote development of their abilities They have to work six days they must have these helps on Sundays Part of every Sunday should bo devoted to teaching and learning and part to harmless pleasures just as the healthy child Is best developed owl c S I BLuE GRASS BLADE 5 by part study part work and part play Who shall teach the eople They must teach each other No paid preachers who preach to especially please those who pay most We must use our abilities to develop them Now the preachers develop them selves but the audience say nothing think little brain becomes dormant bad foods drinks and habits make It more dull and many people have less knowledge at forty than at fourteen except about their occu pations and sensational news But when everyone helps Sunday each will choose some speciality and qualify to teach that A good singer will teach a song Musicians will take turns each doing their best to please one chooses to teach history an other some nature study another how to keep healthy another ethics local Im provements reformatory movements polit ical address concert dialogue discussion some read the best article In some maga zine each child has his piece a mimic makes you laugh the subjects will be as varied a9 tho tastes and occupations of the people Dont you see every one will want to go to a meeting like that and everyone will go home full of new ideas Somebody delivers or writes a splendid ad dress somewhere That must be printed Any little society can buy a copy for 10 or 25 cents and their best elocutionist de livers it With such a variety of good things every Sunday how fast the peoples brain and Intelligence will develop Wrongs will be investigated and righted evils will be checked political corruptions and saloons will bo abolished priestcraft prayers and millionaires will be no more the bible like the mythology of the gods of Rome will be only a storybook for anti I Materialist Association Convention ICompleted Report of Proceedings The Officers ElectPlan of Organization and PropagandaClosed In Blaze of Glory In the presentation of the report of the Materialist Convention at Canal Dover the Blaceln its last issue carried its account of the doings of that convention to the end of the Secretarys report as read by Mrs Kllza Mowry Bllven Taking up the thread where it had been left off for want of space the continued report is as follows Upon motion tho report was adopted and referred to the several committees with structions to report thereon at oclock Following wero the committees Credentials William H Cox Marietta ft ji quarian hunters Where will these wonderful beneficial Sunday meetings be held Why the churches halls and school houses have all been built by the people they belong to the people and just as soon as the Ma terialists teach the people that there Is no god and no future life and what kind of meetings they need to make the most of this life the people everywhere are going to abolish all the religious superstitions and ceremonies and start the new kind of meetings In their churches of course When our writers and Finance Committee get up the right leaflets for convincing the people and especially the women and our distributors get them read every where and our secretaries enroll every one that becomes a Materialist and every tenth member becomes a secretary search ing for others Materialism Is going to grow because tis founded on facts if they offer the people the kind of Sunday meetings they need It wont grow with out these right Sunday meetings Lectures In all large places now every winter they have a course of lec tures weekday evenings But when ligion Is banished such lecture courses will be on Sunday every winter wherever there are enough people to afford It In the summer have outdoor excursions picnics con certs etc but somewhere every Sunday have a slice of the Instructive and beneficial too The Freethinkers have not tried to get up such meeting They will not become popular till they do When the develop ment of intelligence takes the place of the senseless foolish heathenish worship of that imaginary almighty god then there Ohio A Narragon Canal Dover Ohio Finance J O Cramer Bucyrus Ohio DrT J Bowles Muncie Ind Helen M Lucas Marietta Ohio Press and LiteratureParker H Ser combe Chicago Ill John R Charlesworth Lexington Ky Sunday MeetingsEliza M Bllven Brook lyn Conn Helen M Lucas Marietta Ohio Cora M Kali Dennison Ohio Lou Lawrence Barnesvllle Ohio Organization and Propaganda Eliza M Bliven John R Charlesworth Otto Well stein Dr T J Bowles Parker H Sercombe tr J B Wilson Lou Lawrence Georgo O Roberts Field Secretaries Confirmed Upon motion after some discussion the convention ratified and confirmed the action of the secretary In her appointment of field iiiRt will be no need of separating the church and State for every church will become the grownups public schoolhouse to teach them good citizenship and whatever will promote wisdom and the general welfare Those school houses for grownups must not be taxed you know There should be an ever open question box where all peqple can drop In their rQuestions and troubles and sufferings forwsolution and every kind of question that puzzles people to decide which course is best and right should be answered or dis cussed Public discussions of such ques tions Is the best schoolmaster the people can have When their idol god is burled when all their greedy tyrannical supersti tions and preachers are given up theta the people will begin to see their respon sibility to serve the state and make the state or government the benefactor of the people the promoters of general welfare the ruler and servant of all Then all political questions will be discussed In the churchesand on Sunday There will be no Catholics Protestants Jews Liberals and Orthodox hammering away at each other bitter enemies praying that their god will punish or convert all those wicked people who refuse to serve him in their ways In the good time coming there will be no servants of god in any church but all shall become the servants of the state Help us make Materialists of all the people and hasten this good time coming when every church will belong to the state and be Its school houses to make good citizens intelligent and wise enough to be just moral and selfcontrolled from follies dis eases and belief In any god or future life secretaries accepting said secretaries as such and continuing them Authority was also conferred upon the General Secretary to name and appoint other and additional rield secretaries in accordance with the plan she had adopted Short Talks The convention was now converted Into a forum of general debate upon the ob jects of tno Association its capabilities for effective work if judiciously manager in which all present took prominent part and this continued until the hour of adjourn ment when a recess was taken for lunch AFTERNOON SESSION The chairman called the convention again to order just before 230 p m This delay was occasioned by the work of tho several committees which could not be completed in time to open sooner L i i J c t 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE Reports of committees were now presented Several discussions took place on the floor of the convention concerning some of the reports but with slight additions and amendments all of which were eminently satisfactory they were adopted Tho ports weer as follows REPORTS OF COMMITTEES Organization and Propaganda This organization shall be known as the Materialist Association Us officers shall consist of a president a vice president a secretary and treasurer to be elected by the members said officers to consHute a board of directors The purpose of this Association shall be to propagate the truths of Materialism by pine means of public meetings lectures dis cussions and the distribution of literature All persons who do not believe In the Cexistence of a god and a future life shall i eligible to membership In this associa tion by making application to any of the r secretaries therefor in writing For propaganda work the field secretariesr are maintained and accepted as such b- ytthe association There shall be no membership dues No salary shall be paid to any officers but tho Association shall from time to time provide and pay the necessary working expenses of any of Its officers the same to be paid only upon the approval of the board of directors elected Tho funds of the Association shall be raised by voluntary contribution The conventions of the Association shall beheld at such times and in such places as the board of directors shall decide Any member securing one hundred ad ditional members to this Association shall be designated a lecturer for the Associa Lion Adopted On Credentials The report of this committee showed that 32 were in attendance upon the morn Ing session 59 In the afternoon and over 200 at night With 13 new members added the total roster was brought up to 357 Adopted Sunday Meetings The Committee on Sunday Meetings recommended that wherever there are several members Sunday meetings should be start ed avoiding all religious beliefs ceremonies and religious mental attitudes but Intro ducing whatever will make the meetings Interesting and beneficial Adopted On Finances The Finance Committee recommended that to defray the expenses of the Mater ialist Association the secretary should mall a request for donations to those members who were known to bo financially able to contribute money and should send a circular to each member who contributes Rt or more notifying them that they had become members of the Finance Committee Adopted Lectures and Funerals Upon the request of this committee sup ported by the convention John R Charles wortn consented to undertake the manage ment of the Bureau for lectures public meetings and funerals which was proved Press Writers Etc Instead of enrolling symposium writers wo will list as our Press Writers all of our members who write eltho sym posium articles articles on Materialist sub jects or articles on any other subject and succeed in getting them printed in any kind of publication anywhere With the adoption of the report of the Committee on Organization and Propa ganda the Association became a duly con stituted body Its principles were announc ed in a collective manner to tae world and it called for the election of the necessary officers to properly carry on its work The chairman stated that under the con stitution now adopted the election of offi cers would be the next thing In order Nominations were called for and the follow Ing were the unanimous choice of the con ventionPresidentOtto Wettstein La Grange Vice PresidentHelen M Lucas Mari etta Ohio Secretary and TreasurerEliza Mowry Bllven Brooklyn Conn By motion duly carried the office of sec retary and treasurer were merged for the sake of convenience This terminated the practical detail work of the convention No other point was nam ed or suggested for the holding of the next convention1 as by the constitution It Is left entirely to the Board of Directors who are empowered to name and designate both time and locality These officers will call sucirconventions at such points as may be most convenient and suited to the exigencies of the moment The chairman now stated that the work of the convention was over and as Otto Wettsteln had been elected Its principal and presiding officer suggested that this famous and noteworthy advocate of Mater ialism should take the gavel and preside over the further deliberations By request the present chairman continued to preside Now came the educative work of the con vention These consisted of a number of addresses Owing to some accident Bruce T Calvert was unable to be present and the convention was relunctantly compelled to forego the pleasure of his announced address upon Rational Dietary But there were enough present to make up for this next occupied the stage and delivered a splendid and stirring ad dress on Sunday Meetings It was well received Her hits upon the orthodox cus toms and happy Illustrations captivated her hearers and she was liberally applauded for her effort The different suggestions she offered furnished food for thought to thoseAIn attendance and If they can be put Intotpractical working order the church meeting will soon be supplanted Her address was good and is given elsewhere PRESIDENT WETTSTEINS ADDRESS The next Item on the program was the one philosophical and scientific feature of the entire gathering It was an address The Ax to the Root or a God Impossible in Nature by President Otto Wettstein It was a splendid effort a magnificent com pllatlon of facts and figures an array of scientific data supported by quotations from the master minds of the day which rendered It a feast of thought and intelli gence It was above all the Mene mono tekel upharsin of deistic belief and wor shop Thioessay is a real gem in construc tion and thought expression It won the unstinted praise and admiration of all who were fortunate enough to hear It As It Is too long to be given In this report Presi dent Wettsteins splendid effort will appear in a subsequent number of the Blade Reminiscent Talks As there was still some time left before the hour set for adjournment the conven tion Indulged In reminiscent talks of other nays when Freethinkers were wont to gather on other and similar occasions Mr Charlesworth being called upon for n de scriptive talk of his experiences in the lecture field he responded by relating some of the hardships and Inconveniences Free thought lecturers had to encounter In the old days Following this the convention again took a recess CLOSING SESSION At 730 p m the convention again met This time the Opera House was liberally filled and a splendid audience had gathered Two Intellectual giants were to address them Two men high In the ranks of tellectual thought were to Instruct them These constituted the principal attractions of the entire gatherings of the two conven tions assembled here One of these was Parker H Sercombe philosopher thinker orator writer and editor of the Tomorrow Magazine and Dr J B Wilson brilliant strong eloquent instructive and captivat ing With such an attraction It was no wonder the Opera House was filled Parker H Sercombe first delivered his address on Health and Longevity and Dr Wilson followed with his talk on the Reign of King Humbug The address of Mr Sercomho was unique and In many Instances almost startling Physical facts of the material universe the productions of that inherent law of devel JJar fBLUE GRASS BLADE 7 opment that Inert force that struggles along to destiny through natural law the various stages of development the ultimate I sought afterhuman happinesswere all protrayed In such vivid word pictures mental paintings that his hearers were both delighted and charged Into an accep ttance of his views He Is an orator Not eloquent perhaps but certainly ornate His splendid vigor glowing face and kindly smile his wholeheartedness genuine sym pathy liberality of mind and thought and action presented a charming and entranc ing combination scarce found in man or woman One thing he was talking for part of the time above his hearers It was a subject about which they understood little knew less His illustrations were apt and used to drive home deep into tae mind tho points he Insisted should be taken and understood Personally the Blade Is delighted at the opportunity to have met in such a way and to have heard this great philosopher and to express gret that his speech cannot be given to Blade readers for the reason that It was not given from manuscript The Final Address What can be said of the splendid and brilliant effort of Dr J B Wilson It Is unnecessary to say aught to Blade readers concerning him for his capabilities are too well known The Reign of King Hum bug And many humbugs were held up dissected exposed and remedies offered The governmimt national and municipal law and lawyers doctors and the materia medics economic systems political par ties priests and preachers gods and devils hells and heavens church and creed all were held up In their true colors and the humbuggory exposed to public view The peculiar charm of his voice his splendid delivery his eloquent passages his biting sarcasmwhen neededand above all his stirring appeals to the reason of men canio as a fitting close to such a splendid conven tion of liberal men and women Round after round of applause greeted his sallies of wit of humor and profound reasoning The audience did not tire They seemed disappointed when his address came to an abrupt end because of the necessity of having to catch a traction car for Dennison that night As ho gave and closed his peroration a storm of applause broke from the audience which expressed satisfaction with what had been said Mr Charlesworth who was still in the chair offered a few remarks and declared the convention finally adjourned Dr Wil sons address has already appeared In the closing this report the Blade wishes to say that the editorial columns will upon our return home have something to say concerning the convention and Its work The Blade does not hesitate to say L mM here however that the thanks and praise of every Freethinker In the nation are due to Eliza Mowry Bliven for her heroism cour age and perseverance In the formation building up and growing organization of the Materialist Association The praise and thanks of every advocate and believer in or of Freethought prin ciples are due to those noble men and women who came to the convention giving of their means their time and talents to the work of building it up Calls have been made upon the Editor to lecture at other points and before his return home he will have lectured at Mari etta Ohio whither a number of the speak ers and workers for the Association went alSo at McConnelsvllle Ohio where steps are to be taken to further the interest of our cause Mention of these visits the lectures the work done and those assist ing will be given elsewhere While the audiences attending the public meting were very large not all were Materialists Among those who did attend and whose names could be obtained but which does not Include them all or constitute a full and complete list were the lowing John R Charlesworth George O Roberts Otto Wettsteln Parker Sercombe Samuel Toomey Dr T J Bowles Dr C N Bradford Dr W P Murray Dr C N Van Side Mrs Helen M Lucas Miss Lou Lawrence Mrs Eliza Mowry Bliven Mrs Cora Kali Mrs Eliza Lawrence Walter Hardesty Jesse White A C Narragon C Botcher A M Stowe William H Cox R P Hickock J W White John A Kothe Abner DIckson Peter Blmeler E Lowe J E Johnson John Hlrt Cyrenus Brick C C Smith A C Nixon J R Lawrence J C Cramer J T Mason W J Hostetler John Harris D Jy Schilling Heber Kali Joseph Mason Thomas F Geltz Harry Eckfleld George Van Ness J D Hunt Telegram Received San Francisco Sept The comrades of San Francisco are with you in the noble work in the battle for In tellectual freedom of thought and speech J FRANTZ WHAT RATIONALIST WOULD DO By Harriet M Closz If I were sitting on a throne with power to rule the race As we are taught thtjt Jesus doesIn some far distant place I would not stund alqof and say Believe and be baptized For only thus can heavens Joys by you be realized But I would say to all the worldIve made a great mistake In teaching faith Instead of works the f kJamr futures peace to make Id go to work with hand and brain to right this Christian wrong And lift the heavy burdens off which have been borne so long I d help the poor misguided race to brotherhood on earth And change the cries of agony to shouts of joyous mirth All fear of god and selfishness and hateful thoughts would flee If I but ruled the universe and could the nations free If natures laws were subject to my slightest wish and will Id give an equal chance to all and every cup would fill No favors could be granted to the man of high estate For he would not exist but as the workers helpful mate t The lash upon the slaves bare back should fall no more in hate The systems mental victims should re build the mlnds estate Defiled subjected womanhood would be a thing unknown If I were gods begotten son and occupied the throne The wholesale murderers hand Id stay and war should thrive no more And natures treasures thus destroyed Into the homes Id pour So I would fill the earth with Joy and s silence every groan If I were sitting up above on heavens golden throne Grim famine In Its ghastly garb should not stalk round about To blanch the lips of children and hush the merry shout The mothers of the race should bear their babes In peace and OeIThen there would be no need of mo throned in state above enISo I would leave my high abode with human kind to dwell No more the songs of angels bright around gods throne would swell The heaven of tradition would then vanish from the sight And justice reign supreme instead of ignorance and might AUNT ALLIES PROVERBS Fear Is tho demon that retards Intellect Freethought Is tho roadway to all factsito all truths Rowe 7 ti t J 1j iIi tf 8 BLUE GRASS BLADEn BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box iSUBSCRIPTION RATESYBy mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each T monf6 trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for ilx cents each Trial subscriptions cents PIT monthzForeign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES tOne Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four P 100 six months 600 one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month 400 sIx months 2000 one year 3000 IIHalf column whole column or larger advertisements at special application a The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements J fotrered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES iALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal caset of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the 1ostofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky SP HEAJn G TILE GOSPEL 1 r fHomoagain Au absence of ten da s which we have sought by Ii gladgospel3ofand his desk once more The trip has been beneficial I have met with and renewedold friendships I have formed many new ones The Canal Dovor conventions seem to have ushered inti now era From there I have visited other points in the Buckeye State upon special invitation and put on the har ness once more Utilizing such time as could be spared from the editorial room of the Blade without causing in convenience 1 have called at Marietta and McConnels villo Ohio lectured and talked argued and debated in half oC our common cause In a measure it brought batik from memorys archives thoughts of the past memories of- struggles and triumphs glorious conquests and victories achieved over the cohorts of superstition From the Canal Dover convention the Editor went to Marietta Mrs Eliza Mowry Blivcu Secretary of the F Materialist Association Parker II Scrcombe editor of Tomorrow and others had accompanied Mrs Helen M Lucas to her hospitable home in Marietta and my deep regret is that Mr Sercombo had left for Chicago before I could reach Marietta They had left one day in advance whereas my stay in Canal Dover had to extend over one more day because of some pressing business matters i iP fJ i4 fb bq Through the efforts of Mrs Lucas and William IT Cox arrangements had been made forme to give two lectures at Marietta Wednesday and Thursday September 9 and 30 The magnificent assembly room at the Court House had been secured for the lectures and each time I was favored with excellent audiences Leaving Canal Dover at 0 oclock Wednesday morning I startedmy journey southward to the valley of the Ohio river where it in tersects with tile historic Muskiugum A somewhat slow journey for the distance brought me to Marietta at 1040 a m mid Mrs Lucas Mrs Bliven and Mr Cox were found awaiting mo at tho depot Iwas disappointed to learn that Sorcouibo had gone as the trip had been made in a fond anticipation of all opportunity to meet with this ardent philosopher and indulge with him in a friendly discussion of tho many social problems that confront us But he was gone Mrs Lucas and Mrs Bliven were here however and we had much to say much to talk over much to plan for the welfare of the Association following the action of the convention just closed While in Marietta I was the guest of Mrs Lucas at her delightful and hospitable home It was a happy occasion a rare treat that terminated too soon Firm in her ITreethought beliefs or unbeliefs she liar abundant courage to express them always with prudence and good judgment In this manner she is accomplishing most won derful and beneficial results for our common cause Mrs Lucas has a heart as largo as herself a heart that beats only for humanity responsive to every unalloyed joy de i pressed by anothers woe Every fiber of her being is per meated with a sunny optimism strong enough bright enough and clear enough to dispel the shadows anddissi pate the clouds of despair There is no room for orthodoxy in her sunny heart and mind Slib is as true and as de voted to the cause of Frcothotight are the stars to their appointedcourses In her life there is no duty shirked i no opportunity lost to do some kind act some kind charity to place joy and happiness in some heart The Blades editor is proud to have met with her to have known her and to have enjoyed her splendid hospitality Some might ask what Mrs Lucas has dono and what she is doing now In addition to her generous contributions to I J the cause of aii active Frcothought propaganda she has established and is now maintaining a library at the Chit drens Home in Marietta Her Paine celebrations every year havo become one of the features in the public life of this beautiful Ohio city She purchased and presented a set of the handsome Dresden edition of Ingorsoll to the public library but it was refused Such is her philanthropy her work for the uplifting of tho race It is good to havo met with such a woman As for Mrs Bliven but little more need be said She wears well on acquaintance Her sweetly splendid char acter grows upon ono as wo learn to know her Courageous true intellectual ambitious she possesses tho essential qualifications that mustbring success As the Secretary of the Materialist Association sho is in her proper sphere No Nowpin r MIr IBLUE GRASS BLADE 9 L better selection could have been madjb The two days sperita with her at the homo of Mrs Lucas wore pleasant happya- nd profitable We need more women like her Just a few words about William II Cox lie is a true diamond The fire of Freethought flashes in his eyes Neither is he afraid lie took upon his own shoulders the work of advertising and preparing for the meetings and lectures Loyal to the core fearless and brave ho is a man ofwhom tho cause may feel justly proud His duties as a lettercarrier in the service of Uncle Sam occupied much of his time which prevented me seeing as much of him ast I had wished I owe much to Mr Cox and express my appreciation and gratitude for his magnanimous help upon this occasion Well what about the lectures They wore eminently successful The first lecture was well attended and a much larger crowd had gathered than had been expected by the most sanguine of our friends Freethought has a hard struggle in Marietta It is growing stronger in popular favor every day Tho first lecture was upon tho Free philosophy as contrasted with the orthodox Chris Itian faith In it was offered a safe and certain guide for human conduct based upon human considerations alone It was listened to with rapt attention and the audience gave frequent manisfestations of its appreciation At its close a Mr Miller who assured us that he was a bible believer undertook criticism minus an intelligent con ception of the subject He insisted upon doing all tho talkingand would not grant time for any answer As a last resort Mrs Lucas very calmly entered tho arena put one question to him and the biblo defender collapsed The next lecture was attended by an audience more than twice tho size of the first A Mqsonic dedication had inter fored with both It was a pity that these events had to conflict It couldnot be helped however as both had settled upon the dates without any knowledge concerning prosknew in Cincinnati some years ago J C Dinsmoro of St Marys W Va a stalwart Freethinker also attended this lecture and gave a liberal contribution for tho pleasure ho had experienced This lecture was a scientific discussion upon tho question of a future life an exposition of Materialism in which facts wore given as proving no individual conscious existence after death Tho best part came at the end Mr G B II Sanford a young man of great earnestness undertook to defend the Christian theory He expressed hearty agree ment with much of what I had said but took issue with sonic of the points suggested He made an exceedingly favorable impression as being one anxious to learn and know tho truth It is gratifying to know that ho has now started upon a closer investigation The largo audience which had continually been increasing appreciated the discussion so gentlemanly in tone which gave an oppor tunity forroplyIAll tho Freethinkers expressed complete satisfaction at the result of tho work done and are living in hope of a rope tition at some future date The invitation to come back I again so universally expressed was accepted for some future time when an opportunity was offered for leaving tho editorial In deskjdelighted at having met with Miss Veda Napier the 1 1 JillcoulpuruP Hyde Charles Rowland Adam Lawrence J C Calla han Ed Guthrie Mrs William Mugrage and many others whose names were wore unable to remember Mention must also be made of J Martin Shawlian known as tho infidel barber and author of a book of Freethought tpoems entitled Unpolished Pebbles President George i O Roberts of the Buckeye Secular Union camo from Dcnnison to attend tho first lecture but was to return homo on tho early train Thursday Before leaving Marietta Mrs Lucas took and myself for a car ride through tho city morningIsettled city in the State of continuous Marietta was occupied the Moravian had lands in tho northern part of the State but these settle ments were abandoned Marietta nestles in the beautiful ivalley formed by the conjunction of the Ohio and Muskin gum rivers It was here that Governor St Clair the first Governor of Ohio took the oath of his office On tho opposite shore of the Ohio is tho city of Williamstown W VR Hero are rocks of seismic origin towering on the west side of tho city and evidences are seen of considerable sedimentary deposits at an enormous height above tho valleys of the two rivers In the cemetery is a mound of unknown origin It is connected by secret underground ray ways with a series of raised squares and by the same means these squares were connected with the river The general belief is that these were built by a raco of people inhabiting this section oven before tho advent of the In dian and wero used as a means of defense admitting- of a safe flight from their enemies in case of necessitysTs The city authorities will not permit them to bo excavated or explored on the ground that once their secrets are made known all interest in them would disappear Tho authori ties may be right in their views but who knows whatinfor oration of scientific and historic value is being thus with heldMarietta is unfortunate in regard to her public library Following his customary plan Andrew Carnegie donated a largo sumof money to the building and equipping of this library Ho gave 40000 It is in the hands of tho Pres byterian church and the institution is not oven honored with Carnegies name In spite of Mr Carnegies known purpose of refusing to establish any library under sectarian control the Presbyterians have taken possession and con duct regular religious services within its walls Ought not Mr Carnegie to bo informed of this fact Would ho sanc tion such a practice were his attention directed to tho matter fIW j1VLS Mfcfi l 1iJjfiJfiii Lr tlir i 7 It t10 BLUE GRASS BLADE 4 According to natural law tho good must end sometime as well as the bad So did my visit to Marietta It was the first but it is not to be the last In those two days I had learned to call Mrs Lucas house Home and it was I was lotb to leave but duty called and I had to depart therefrom My first trip to Marietta will form- a pleasant memory for many years to come Friday afternoon Mrs Lucas Mrs Bliven and Mr Frank Brennan accompanied me toihe depot and Iwas soon aboard the train bound for McConnelsville Ohio where two more lectures were spoken for Now came a beautiful journey along the valley of the Muskingham river The calm and placid waters of ibis famous stream seemed to extend a standing invitation It is made navigable by a system of locks and dams Up its bosom all sorts of craft are plying but at this season the waters are low My course now lay through winding valleys making a serpentine trail Now following close to the side of the river Now stretches of meadows inter ivene upon which the kine are lazily grazing Peaceful and pastoral was the scene Hero is a vast cornfield whose bronzed tassels gave the earth a carpeting as of gold There a garden patch and again an orchard bearing ripe and luscious fruit We wind on and on until the sun gins to rapidly sink behind the western hills in a sea of molten golda spectral mist rises above the surface of the water the train stops and we are in McConnelsville More glories accrue to our cause at this point Further triumphs with hosts of newfound friends greeted our ef forts in this splendid little city Who Says our cause is incapable of growth Given men and women and the opportunity and old orthodoxy will soon bo at the bottom of the down grade Our experience at McConnelsville proves the truth of this assertion These were the first Frcethought lectures ever given at this place and a decidedly favorable impression has been created I shall give an account of my visit to McConnelsvillo in the next issue EDUCATION IN FRANCE L In America Freethinkers are still insisting upon their rights for a purely secular education in the common public school while in France where separation is now a fact the Roman Catholic Church is struggling for the tablishment of parochial schools independent of the State schools whereat their children shall receive an education in accordance with Catholic ideals For the first time during centuries of intolerance and persistent superstition church is thrown upon the defensive The Catholic church is the first one to feel the force ofsuch a direct blow Accustomed to having her own way surfeited with the power to dictate superstitious knees are now bent in servile supplication and under the guise of an alleged willingness to suffer martyrdom for the sake of the church and its rights concerning education a great struggle is yet imminent in the French republ- icOki JL S 1 f1 1f4ti 7 ft A om t IiftII f ft 4tho result ofwhich must bring increwecd strength to the government Catholic schools for Catholics Such is tho latest battle cry of the French clergy In wake must come a demand for Protestant schools for Protestants and with oven greater force there must follow u demand for secular schools for all Now that tho issue is raised and the battle actually started its effects will be felt by other nations and knowing the spirit and temper of the French people as far as tho church and education is concerned the orthodox leaders will never bo permitted to assume or to enjoy their former privileges In order to carry out their designs upon education tho French clergy are organizing societies that are to bo known asFathersof Families There can be no doubt that tho legislative expulsion of tho religious teaching orders has placed the church in a sade dclimna but its own cruel ties inconsistencies and unwarrantedassumptions of au tjjority have brought about tho very conditions of which they so bitterly complain These internal organizations are expected however to weld at least some of the laity into a compact mass in the churchs interests but tho move ment is being severely noticed by the government Should the church by any guiseor pretense make any serious attempt to nullify the provisions of the separation act then it is reasonably certain that tho government will be forced for its own good to resort to more repressive legislation with a view to compelling obeisance to law Already- a number of tho French journals have discussed the move mont and refer to its as a hotbed ofconspiracy against the lily school while other French journals denounce it as a seminary ofrebellion against a democratic regime One of the most radical of tho French papers tho Lan tonic of Paris stigmatizes these associations as efforts upon the part of tho Catholic church to train many of the laymen that will labor night and day to sap and undermine tho system of government which wo hold so dearSuch expression as these clearly suggest that the French people are not to bo trifled with It nieans a sort of gentle hint to the church and its leaders that they must be willing to accept just whatever the people through the channels ofIgovernment are willing to grant and take nothing more very rebellious movement but widens the breach between the church and tho people and for tho sake of posterity one might wish that tho church would assume ever n more aggressive attitude for in no other way can the final contretemps of absolute rejection of church and creed be brought about so well and so speedily One glance at tho controversy now waging upon this momcntuoiiB issue will show tho true meaning of the church They do not hesitate to assort that their expecta tion is by such a movement to reentrench tho church and weaken the state One of the church advocates Bishop bear of Grenoble is quoted as sayingiI intend to found an association of Fathers of Families in every parishof my diocese W fST W I P1l BLUE GRASS hF BLADE 11 Further knowing that such action is in violation of the law and being asked what action ho would take ifthe government should interfere with his plans ho continued In view of the iniquities which are now rampant I am resolved not to yield I may pay or refuse to pay the fincsimposedupon me I will even go to prison if this is inevitable I feel sure that things will be changed in France on the day when a bishop faces imprisonment in order to fight against the iniquitous laws which have been hatched intho brain of these wretched ministers This selfassumed martyrdom and intended violation of the7churchhas gone sunk behind the western hills of civilization never to rise again BIBLE TEXTS ANTI PROGRESS U Consider the lilies they toil not neither do they spin and yet Solomon in allhis glory was not arrayed like unto one of these r Of all the teachings of the bible that make for pious indolence and laziness there are none to compare with the Ibo quotation Did all men and ivpmen literally obey such an injunction the worldwould come to a standstill our commerce would be at an end industry would die for lackof attention and civilization would turn backwards This has been considered one of the gems a rather choice item from the alleged sermon on the mount It teas been used as a text for many an orthodox sermon Declamations galore have been founded upon it and it is usually pointed to as exemplifying the great love god entertains for mail and suggesting by implication that a watchful care will bo maintained over us all wore wo only like the lillies One of the principal weaknesses against which Free thinkers have to contend when in discussion with some orthodox believer is that the believer not only does not know his bible but questions some or many of the teach ings it contains The only way to obtain n correct idea of the teachings of the bible is to read the bible for yourself Too many take for granted what is supposed to bo in it without the slightest question or examination Give to every man that asketh of tliee And what a glorious timo it would bo for the beggars and tramps Hero is charity with a vengeance Let it bo unrestricted unlimited and without restraint Ask no questions It is nono of your business whether the charity bo deserving or otherwise All you have to do is to give when you are asked to and your duty is done For true charity that is the charity that is deserving and well per formed no voice should be raised against it but for the kind of charity offered by an interpretation of the text i quoted wo should hold nothing but contempt Universally practiced it would speedily convert the race into an army of tramps and mendicants who would prefer begging alms to honest labor 1 N ttu JJi lJ Resist not evil Then we are to infer that evil is a good thing and instead of striving to avoid either the commission or its infliction upon ourselves we should really encourage it The prog ress of the race lilts been effected through methods decidedly at variance with this text Every possible evil that could afflict man leas been stubbornly resisted throughout all J the centuries while submission thereto would have meant eternal injustice and perpetual tyranny Mankind has j resisted both religious and political tyranny at the swords r point This was flying in the face of the New Testament Every civilizing force has operated in direct conflict there a with Conformity to such a text would have retarded the iJ race forever or until such time as the bible could bo over thrown It has been overthrown and by methods decidedly at uil1l1CO with such a text Our entire judicial yslui tin art scientific government both have been built up and in now maintained upon the doctrine ofu stubborn andyI iinniiu and systematic resistance of all evil Cal them fj antiChrist if you will but the facts of history bear out the full truth of tho matters herein discussed These are but few of the scriptural texts upon whirl the orthodox preachers lay so much stress To a great extent thoy are presented as being mere figures of speech to bo 4 taken by the people in a figurative and not in a literal sense Once this kind of construction and interpretation is admitted towards bible teachings its value as a divine guide is destroyed Religious devotees are in tho most literal orIsense but mere i slaves of fashion Had they been born in some otherland they would have become worshippers of the Gold Bullas readily as they now worship the mythical Jewish Jehovah Environment and heredity determine what the object of worship shall be Being asked what is our mission what is our aim our purpose the Blade would simply reply that it is to overthrow as rapidly as possible all existing insti tutions that stand in the way of human progress and to bring the world to a recognition of the fact thatUhumanity is greatest in all the conscious universe c Many compliments have been sent us upon the splendid Ingersoll issue and numerous orders have been sent in for extra copies This is a pleasure indeed as indicating nn appreciation of our etlort in behalf of the cause of Frccthought The Blade hastens to congratulate the Humanitarian Review upon tho great improvement in its appearance and makeup With proper support Brother Davis now has the means of engaging ina splendid propaganda Get in behind him ftt RJ 0 ti f i ts 12BE GRASS BLADEP=tt b il 1 Cause and Cure of Intemperance Teach the Scientific Fact That Alcohol Is BeIEducated to Avoid It 1 By Samuel Blodgett What Franklin H Heald has to say on consldjfrom every viewpoint that can be Imagined I would like to correct some mistakes of statement that he has made and give some of my own views a little airing We are both outside the fold and hunting the demon of Intemperance on our own hook but we do not agree He states a truth In saying that for half a century this question has been left to cranks zealots and fanatics and he could have truthfully added that they have done the cause of sobriety no real good I will own to being a crank myself but my cranki ness is more consistent and logical and not the least bit Christian The reason why the crusade against liquor has not been moro successful is that it has been made on Christian lines and in a partisan way It is just as well to face tho music that the drinking habit is peculiarly a Christian habit one of tho fruits of Christianity y Good Mohammedans do not imbibe their religion forbids but j sus not only did not forbid but set the example The record says htt made wine to holy along with a marriage debauch and was In the habit of drinking so much that he got tho name of beingua winebibber Paul sup plemented It by his advice to Timothy to take a little wine for the stomach sake The whole Christian cult has stuck to the Idea continuously that alcoholics are useful and necessary in the human stomach The foundation of the drinking of intoxicants is mental Thero is no way to stop the drinking except bv banishing the illusion Nearly all those we call liberal in Christian countries have continued Christian in this respect and I am very sorry to have to include Mr Heald among them I have outgrown this nonsense There can be no cure but the educational one the creating of a social consciousness in harmony with science that alcohol isji poison inimical to human health and life in any quantity and at all tmes When living in North Dakota I was talking with a leading physician on this subject and remarked that I had no faith in the value of intoxicants as a medicine and the an swer was It makes no difference what I fr believe I have to prescribe them if I am to live by my profession lf did not the W C T U would be among the first to desert me His wife was a member I make this statement that will perhaps be startlingto some There has never been a real prohibition party in the United Sates No State has ever passed prohi bition laws Every one that is said to shave done so has made provision for the legal sale of intoxicants for medicine and the sacrament The positon among socalled prohibition ists is We want to fix it so we can get it and so the other fellow cannot got too much This is tyrannical meddling- If alcohol is a good thing to use the right of private judgment as to when to take it and how much up to the point of becoming a dangerous nuisance Is clear and it is no wonder that tlie insult is re sented and the provision evaded Ifjwe f act on the assumption that alcohol is a nuisance and believe it we are on a solid and consistent foundation and when a good majority take this view and make laws accordingly they will be enfqrced and when the point is reached that the great mass believe the doctrine the children will be brought up in the faith and the law will be superfluous The treating habit is based on the idea that the thing offered is desir able not at all on the thought that it Is expensive Mr Heald to the contrary lam 77 years old and liquor was cheap when I was young but treating was com mon as long ago as I can remember My father years before I was thought of lived In Boston and I have heard him speak of the treating then as one of the most com mon of happenings- In those good old times one could not begin to learn a trade without treating the crowd ifa preacher called at your house you were hot supposed to treat him well unless you treated him with liquor and rfyouhada child born you were supposed to bring forward the bottle for every caller for days afterward Our friends imagina tion is better than his Information- As for saloons they are an evolution in methods of doing business The selling of liquors and the selling of drugs have be come specialized that is all They were common in the Eastern cities before there was any licenses and while liquors were cheap They were there as many as 55 years ago from my personal knowledge The modern temperance move was start ed in a secular way they had their pledges and it was educational The preachers either Ignored or opposed it It madeenor mous strides from 1820 to 1850 and less drinking was done about the latter date to the best of my knowledge and belief than was done either before or since In 1851 the Good Templers were organized and the movement became Christianized and thereby demoralized that is the date of its decline in the hearts of men A t Christian move the aim has been to tame the serpent but to be sure to keep allIiieralsing the monster is worth more dead than tamed even If we could tame It The cause of the increase in the drink ing habit is very easy for me to see Liquors are regarded as a luxury and the increas ing prosperity of the working people has caused them to Indulge more in all kinds of luxuries Because drinking is a good fellowship luxury this has taken tEe lead An increase of drunkenness comes with a general increase in drinking Drinking was as common when I was a lltle boy as now and Judging from my observation there was fully as large a per entof angtberslip j What wo need is to educate educate EDUCATE into the knowledge that alco hol is a poison and that It is never an advantage to use it internally DAVES LETTER To HIs Dear Heavenly Father Copyright applied for 1908 by Franklin H Heald My deer lIe enlY fatherDoes your Hasuse I mean Jesus eat 79 of his little brethern and slstcrn before he is born on i each planet ho is born on and Is that the reson he hates them and his father and J mother and his own self also Does he papelsasnot married or given In marriage because they art mostely neather mall or email Do Bees go to haven the same as murderes Will tAFt bee a Socialist if Bryan beets him or will the Socialists beat Bryan- I wish you wood tell me what it Is that makes mars red Why dident you tell Moses so he cud of rote it In the bible If you dont want to tell meyou mite tell Bob Burdett If he now he cudent keep it to hlssolf long He tells every tihlhg no nose besides a good many things Jhe aont no Joe says it is blasfemy for me to wonder who made you and says it is none of my business and if I dont look out I will bee a Loutcr and go to hell when I dye I dont care wharo I go when I am dead so I dont get to bee a dungkerrburro like the ones f A r j f x l t 1 BLUE GRAS BLADE 13 that go naked in Canada while I am alive Are they trying to Imitate your favorite David when they dance naked Why was Michael mad at David Dldent she no that you wanted him to dance before you and the other wlmmen without his ephod on I shud think you wood of struck her people get mad hear they say go to Watts Is that blasfemy Joe says it Is and he says anybody that ridicules your plan of salvation thataway ought to bee struck dod and go to Hell and ho says they will bee If that dont look out Papa says It is worse to say go to Watts than itis to say go to Hell but ho dont think it is blasfemys Do you and Mary ever meat In heven I mean Mary Christ the that had thingswereWood you bee jelous and angry If I go to the beech next Sunday to fish and bathe Joe thinks you wood bee Why wood you Dont you want peple to bathe in anything but blud As ever DAVE Comes With Many Thanks CINCINNATI OHIOPlease to accept the writers sincere gratitude for being able to be a subscriber to such a strong defender and exponent of the Free bought cause as your weekly magazine has become under ihe Intelligent management of yourself so ably assisted by your publisher Mr James E Hughes and your army of sensible correspondents The pure un biased manner that you seem to have adopted in presenting the subject of Free thought to your numerous readers cannot surely be excepted to by any one less he be an Ignorant bigot White ridicule is really the onl weapon that can be used in an argument against superstition when discussing with the Ignorant your val uable paper contains just enough of that element to show up the Idiocies of superstition and to whet the appetite so the ar ticles founded on reason and practical common sense will bo noticed The vari ous articles that yqu permit to be Inserted In your paper show that you do not border on illiberality but that you are willing that p1 sides and isms can be aired and that without any fear of harming the cause of Freethought Hoping that you will be able to keep up the good work till your reward in the way of cash subscriptions wjll Jie substantial enough to feel assured that the wolf of want will not crawl across your hearthstone MORGAN WAMSLEY Subscribes for the Blade NEW YORK CITY Kindly send me the Blade for one year also twentyfive copies of the issue for August 1908 with bill for all and I will remit promptlyC P FARRELL j ON N N N N c ONOH NON N N H N H NOH NOHOMON N NON NONONONO 1Cbe Blades eltltespond nce 00- OttNHNNHNHNNNNNNNP NNHNHNNNNNNNNNT T T T T Became a Subscriber KANSAS CITY 110For about three months I have bought your paper each week and am very well pleased with it Now I wish to subscribe for myself a sister and a friend How muchiwill It cost It seems that you give reductions to new subscribers and the fact that I have had little else than great breavement and ad versity the last few years or I would pay toe full rates for all three Having traveled the straight and narrow orthodox road that Is paved with superstition pain and fear I shave opiate years gradually droped link after link of my fetters and replaced them with facts truth hnd love and have entered a pasture that knows no bounds and Is lim ited only by my ability to see and hear and feel All outdoors is my place of worship Riegel Vega Arcturus and the Pleaides my silent admired companions as well as their numberless neighbors The trees flowers and birds speak nothing but Joy and nature has taken on a fresh lovllness since the smell and fear of burning sulphur has been blown away by truth and reason This is a Jim Dandy world but what more people need is more Blades to cut down the thistles and tares of superstition and its multitudinous hosts of follies and fears so they may have an unobstructed view of our home ANDREW ROOD Takes Issue With W Groh MODEST CALIn the Blade of August 2 oUt old friend and writer D W Groh again atompts to stop the onward march of Socialism by trying to make an argument out of the government censoring of speech and press Ho writes well but reasons wrong Like many others he tries to har monize Socialism with Capitalism and be cause they wont amalgamate he repud iates Socialism When wo consider tho great amount of Information at hand he exhibits an unpardonable misconceptionof the Socialist philosophy For Instance he seems to think that government under Socialism would still consist of and be ad ministered by the same powerful oppressive and tyrannous aristocracy which now rules and that Socialism would Increase their power dad wealth and decreaso that of the common people How ridiculous and unreasonable If such were the case would notevery government be promoting Social Ism instead of using every means fair and foul to suppress it Mr Groh admits that XiiiHiIIIHL a government virtually consists of them that it and that the are proverbially corrupt Very well now the question arises who Is it that runs the governments Is it not the allied capitalist Interests and ancient humbug institutions In short the aristocracy of the world And Is It not to maintain increase and perpetuate their power and privilege that they suppress cer tain kinds of speech and press And is it not reasonable to believe that they would sup press anything beneficial to their own inrlterests Mr Groh has made a wonderful new discovery in economics and he should hasten to proclaim it to the powers that be That for their own welfare they should cease persecuting the Socialists becauseeforsooth their propaganda is a benflt torthis ruling class and an injury to the common peopleLOUIS CALAIS jPraise for Judge Ladd CADOTT WISPlease send me twenty j five copies of the Blade of the issue of August 23d Judge Ladds article is the best I have read in many days FRANK i1 ZIMMERMAN ffBuys School Books GRAND RAPIDS WISI enslose here with money order for 365 as payment for first three textbooks need in course I am anxious to get to work on them as soon as possible Hoping enrollments are coming in satisfactorily I amGEORGE M OTTO Wants Higher Education SKIDMORE TexThe slip on my Blade shows that It is time for me to renew so I send money order for 3150 Please change slip to 1909 I am looking for book on geology which gives the scientific account of the origin and devel opment of our earth Where can I buy such book and what would be price EMIL EIBBLATT Remember Him Quite Well RYAN IOWAInclosed find 150 for another years subscription to the Blade Am glad the Blade columns are open for a little Socialism Go It Give us more of It Now Mr John Charlesworth do you remember the old Dutchman Charles Hlckethler MRS L HIOKETHIER r JY t t t i rt14 BLUE GRASS BLADE From an Old Worker lIILTONV ALE KAN Please find in closed Please send me the worth of it in Blue Grass Blades and when the time expires stop or let me know of It You had better send me a receipt for the time paid so that I may know you received the in closed and I will appreciate it as a cour tesyJ E BURKHART Wants Ingersoll Issue WILBER NEB Please send me for the enclosed amount two copies of Blue Grass Blade bearing date August 1908 I did not receive that number the Inger soIl numberW VILDA Wants to ReRead Kidder ST LOUIS MOCan you mall me a recent copy of the Blade having Grier Kidders famous roast of Socialism If you cannot get this send me any small good pamphlet you publishR L HASSLER Buys the TextBooks EAGLE STATION KYEnclosed find for copy of Tarrs Elementary Geology and Moultons Introduction to Astronomy I have Dog Fennel and Rome book Both greatH J SLOCUM MORE TRUTH THAN POETRY Only a Hop Step and a Jump From Love of Gold to Love of God By John F Clarke The triumvirate of balls that usually designate the Jewish apostle of Mammon were the real inspiration of the socalled Trinity One ball represents the Patriarch of Finance one the Son of God and the last the Spirit of Mammon Every pawn shop became a shrine to the needy Hero was where Ir a pinch the luxuries of good times could be transmuted Into gold for the tiding over of the difficulty Wistfulness and longing are so kin to worship that it was but a hop step and a Jump from love of gold to love of god As the love of gold was a tripartite af fair so was the emanating love of god split Into a triune Tradition statoth that three balls mean in Mosaic Hebrew to that one will not redeem the pledge Tho trinity means that It Is a 3 to 0 shot that the salvation paid for will not be delivered Many a son has been fleeced between two thieves in a pawn shop and many a sucker has been done by a pair of gospellers at the mourners bench In a certain pawn shop one day when business was at a standstill the office boy sat up the twelve apostles in Bronze that had been put In material hock and took down the three balls and bowled the sacred bronze over The urchins of the neighborhood gathered and more topper flowed Into the enterprlzlng office boys pocket than gold Into the till of the operating guy He was the chance to suite the apostate apostles and coin cash and Jews are clos ing tho pawn shops and opening bowling alleys You cant lose Jeruselem not to omit Jericho Jericho the walls of blown down by a gust or disgust of Jehovah In the guise of a rams horn The walls of Jericho were built of ramshackle under contract of a Tammany Cinchero Some walls so built In modern Gotham have fallen under sus picion which Is a gentler zephyr than the breath of rams horn Jonah was sent to ramshorn the cities of the valley and took to water Instead of the woods and the whale got him because he didnt watch and Jonah was tough rat tions for a whale and after three days and three nights futile tustlo the gastric juicesof the whale went on strike and Jonah was chucked out of the union as a scab preacher missionaries should be built of Jonah material and then the cannibals would have more respect for themselves than to try to assimilate them It Is said that the lato colored Bishop Wllberforce who was captured when a boy and educated for home missionary business was at n conference of churchmen once and several guys had emphasized the point that a man should cleave ambiguous to his mothers religion regardless Bishop WH berforce gave force to the adverse by say Ing The last I saw of my sainted mother the old lady was sitting with her bare back to an exotic tree and hugely enjoying a piece of cold missionary An exception was noted in his case and this exception largely proves the rule Fearing to do ones own searchlngs for facts is evidence of demoralizing cowardice Do You Believe That We Humans are as important at Pigs Potatoes and Pups Do you believe that we grownups and even the Children should know as much about ourFolvcp we know about FiocrsVtio Fiogeny a More Elevated race anyway- If so Pond J25 for a years subscription to the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Main St Los Angeles California U S A Samples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage 30 cents stamps Ingersoll Beacon A Spicy Freethought Monthly at 100 k year 10 cents a number Edited by William H Maple Devoted to Science Free Thought and the Gospel of Reason and Goou Cheer in con trast with the foolish forms and cringing faiths of theology SUBSCRIBE NOW Good things in every number INGERSOLL BEACON CO 78 LA SALLE ST CHICAGO Marriage and Divorce by JOSEPHINE HENRY VERSAILLES KENTUCKY Thousands of copies ot this uptodaft pamphlet are now In circulation In tJtc United States and England It treatr II forcible style of the most Important prob lem before the American people It should be read by both married and single by all men and women who desire domestic promptly filled by the author Copy 25 Cents 5 Copies One Dollar FOR THINKERS WHO THINK Silk Dresses = Given Away- An opportunity of a life time for women who love good clothes High School girls can obtain their grad uation dresses without cost working girls and married women may secure fine fall or summer dresses Large list of patterns to select from Bona fide offer no fraud no grafting or dlsagreeabo duties to perform For full particulars send name address and a twocent postage stamp to ED SHEAGREEN 247 Hennepln Ave MINNEAPOLIS MINNESOTA ji iif l t 1 i r J = 64 J t c 15tBLUE GRASS BLADE Bs Sure and Subscrlh War Secular Thought A Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti cism In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms per annum In advance single copies 10 cents All communications for the Editorial partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should he addressed C M ELLis Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought 1851E Queen St West Toronto Can 16 MEDIUM SIZE Mens New Thin Model Watches HAMPDENNo 104 23 Jewels 30 Wm McKinley 21 Jewels 22 same 17 jewels 12 General Stark 17 Jewels 10 15 Jewels 7 Jewels 550 WALTHAM Riverside Maxlmus 23 Jewels 50 Riverside 19 Jewels 21 P S Bartlott 17 Jewels 1250 15 Jewels 87 Jewels ELGIN No 156 or 162 21 Jewels 49 Verltas 21 Jewels 243 17 Jewels 242 17 Jewels 18 241 17 Jewels 12 340 17 Jewels 10 15 Jewels 7 Jewels CASES All the above In the new Thin Model Silverine Screw Cases In Fabys Crown or Deuber filled gold ease guaran teed by the manufacturers for 20 years artistic hand chased or plain or hunt ing case more In 25 year ease more guaranteedformore than In Silverine case Prices of solid gold cases on application Every Watch Guaranteed Fresh and New from Factory no shopk jrs an accu rate time keeper and If well used good for fifty years or longer Will be kept In order tot one year Beware of Special movements and cases made nobody knows where and which you cannot price Intelligently and buy everywhere Also beware of die work Thoselistedwatches made and It watch is new and perfect you are safe to buy them where the price Is lowest I pay freight Describe closely what you want and let me send you cuts and prices also of my Freethought Badges and Ingersoll Spoons Ring Gauge and my great little tract Theism In The Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook Co Ill- sQlu j s fl i t I l j Give Em Fits Thats what THE SCARLET SEA DOW Walter Hurts great rad ical novel doss to the forces of bigotry and perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by the church element throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which Is sufficient proof that It Is all right It has cre ated a sensation In con servative circles and iiused consternation among the clergy- It enthusiastically endorsed by leading Freelthlnkers through out the world You all know how Hurt can write and In this book nu Is at his best It an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bound In oxblood cloth Price 150 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky Fine Farm for Sale SPLENDID CHANCE TO OWN PAYING SOIL IN BUCKEYE STATE Do you want a 218 acre farm Do you want it in Athens County Ohio Do you want the best of soil Twostory double barn almost new Also sixroom farm house good condition Abundance of best water throughout farm Two wells one cistern good outbuildings Entire farm under cultivation Small woodland beautiful pasturage apples and peaches In center of coal field Two shafts mile east another going down shafts 21x miles north and northwest and more going down Coal feet to feet never less than feet Onequarter mile to pike stew 3th miles to county seat Athens8000 inhabitants Junction K M B 0 and H V R R in Hocking Valley Heirs are going to sell at once Bring check book you cant keep from buy ing Sell as low as 50 per acre Athens O H S LARCH M D The Wage Slave Socialist Weekly that advocates Indus trial to the Are EDITED BY A FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports tha existing social order Send for sample copy Address The Wage Slave Box Hancock Mich A BURTON Editor The Peoples Press Fearless in Its advocacy of Freethought and Reform Published weekly at Blue Island Ave Chicago J B Lenau Publisher Official paper of the Materialist Association In Canada or Foreign Countries tioo a Year Subscription Cents a Year Tomorrow Magazine Is the only publication In the world that deals with all human problems from thr Impersonal Viewpoint- It is published expressly f those who wish to see how their own cherished be liefs and sacred notions appear In the nude stripped of all racial bias and preju dice By reading this magazine you will learn to draw all your conclusions from funda mental principles e you will learn to think correctly- bPECIALWe will send three month trial subscription for fifteen cents if you are not already a subscriber The regular price of ToMorrow is ten cents per copy or 100 per year This office may be withdrawn at any time so you had better write NOW TOMORROW PUBLISHING CO Hyde Park Chicago SEcDSBuckbees Full Northern Pedigreed have a reputation years growing behind them It pays to plant the BBANS Earliest Valentine 350 Refusee Extra Early Slrlngless 370 Wardwells Wax IsoDavis White Wax 475 Curries Rust Proof Wax ISO Extra Early AlaP3 Bushel Early Grades 550 Ilorsfonls Market Garden Buckbees Lightning Express Lettuce Tomato and a line pricesSendyour requirements and quote prices AioneyWrite H W BUCKBEE 16 BL L GRASS BLADE- Scientific and Philosophic- alCORRESPONDENCE SCHOOL Opens September 1 Now is the time to join TUITION FEE SI 000 IN ADVANCE COST OF TEXTBOOKS Including Postage 1524 First Years Course Includes Geology Zoology Astronomy and Botany IScientific account of the Origin and Development of the Earth its great Historyand the Origin and Development of Plant and Animal Life 4 GRAND OPPORTUNITY FOR OBTAINING A HIGHER EDUCATION Study at Home Examinations each month Lessons by Mail InstructorJOHN R CHARLESWORTH ManagerJAMES E HUGHES For particulars write to Blue Grass Blade Lexington Ky p rSg The Holy Bible In a Nutshell A New Booklet showing up the contradIc- tions and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faith and destroy their godwebs Ready Soon Order Nowl Single copy 10c 3 for 25c for 100 Address J FRANTZ Genl Delv San Francisco Cal THE A B C of Religion A COLLECTION OF POEMS From a TypeWritten Family Bible Without Policy or Piety But Full of Common Sense By JOSEPH HAIGH Chebanse Illinois 25 CENTS Address the Author or Blue Grass Blade BULBS SPECIAL OFFER to build Jlaalae trial a tamer Satlfact or refunded Souvenir ColiecllonaC 05 14r an enoarpCaancl Amtondll i1tJrdls OIt rneb LItbs UAIRANTEEDTO PIEARI Write to day Mention this lDr- S NU 21SCBNTBt- o puh parkld n1r r1bl tatabnitb JIDfbd Plot watlouammtul befsI- n11711Utp froobq Ckdlo- IbLfIlea pnt aoORD11L Freethougnt Funerals IN THE HOUR OF GREAT NEED Following Isa list of the names and ad dresses of Liberal speakers who are prepared to conduct funeral services over the remains of deceased Freethinkers On account of probable delay It would be advislblo to call them by telegram Josephine K Henry Versailles Ky Dr J B Wilson 206 East Fourth Street Cincinnati Ohio Parker H Sercombe Editor Tomorrow laD East bath Street Chicago Ill John R Charlesworth Lexington Ky Marlon W Marley Bucklin Kan A J Clausen St Ansgar Iowa John P Thorndyke 441 Central Street r Manchester N H No Beginning Uy William H Maple THE IDCNITY OF GOD WITH TURE DEMONSTRATED The only hook of Its kind In existence Neatcloth binding 183 pages two striking illustrations 76 cents paper binding 81 cents postpaid INGER80LLIEACONCO 7t LA tALlE ST CHIC AGO